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The Ubyssey Nov 21, 1997

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Array People's Republic ist Uiinaj
environment&amgrsi
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperatioi
vuusuuvn
ui British Columbia
s
%w&
AMS
rowth
nr*** Chretien mmmmmgrowtn
Year of the Asia Pacific
investment ^FlVsf NatJOHS
JHKooddess of Democarcy
- .*« ^^^^^^^m Mexico dinner with dictators
18
AFfCAJcrtHHI^CMPi
Museum of Anthropology
Pacific Rim Ea™m£
VtwiMwmai *»••? » m Republic of China United State—»
Rrun&iv*«*^m Republic of Chin
SSSiB^i Massacre cfi
BURT ^™*s™!*-*f*
fo APEC *-«
engagement
rnHNO to APEC ^*"<J   .       .»■■..    "f Woman
ree trade JssLSUffiS
forced stsrilisation^lfffiaif HghtS' wmmmr^^.
m M^^i^SeCUlity Operation Jiang Zemin
Canada the 4 freedom workers rigi '
MUX
genoci
f People's
 ^^_^^^^^^^^ nflinisfii
j^gSVS political prisoner^
AustrahJMember economi
nugrahon neoliberalism   Tiananmen Square
Consmmis building*" O %OYCllllC
11 PPpPlllliwilies^^^TlBii^SiiiifliKorea
■ ¥# * * represMiim C!llfpat SflOUS Vancouver
minimum wage        human capital secret service
Sustainable development ffpifn oi   Indigenous dislocation
WTO market place/m veViallSm NGO
common around    Thailand apec
^Rw^ji^ij^fM A bnct history ot ArLv 3t Ubt
Career a^sseemente 'If you don t
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\ a career assesment will benefit you.
I MaximunfeeisS 160.00 536-4277
! fax 536-7133
Jan 8,1997—Then UBC President Strangway announces
UBC will play host to the APEC Economic Leaders
Meeting (AELM) on November 25. The announcement is
made at a UBC Museum of Anthropology reception during the Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum (APPF). The
reception is disrupted when activist Jaggi Singh is
forcibly removed after attempting to present an
Indonesian delegate with an East Timorese flag.
Sept-Oct, 1997—AMS sponsored Student Summit on the
Asia Pacific. The summit features weeks devoted to human
rights, the environment as well as economic issues.
miimm
Jan, 1997—Students at UBC
form APEC Alert, a grassroots
campaign against APEC and
the use of UBC as a venue for
a portion of the conference.
The group stages several
protests throughout the Spring
as well as a series of public
forums and debates.
March, 1997—Board of Governors (BoG) rejects a motion, proposed by the two BoG student reps, to not hold APEC at UBC.
May, 1997—Work begins on renovations
to the atrium of Norman MacKenzie
House, the official residence of the
President of UBC. The $400,000 project is
paid for by the federal government.
May 21, 1997—
AMS motion to
oppose UBC's decision to host AELM
fails to get the two
thirds majority it
needs to pass.
i EIJ5CTROLYSIS (permanent hair!
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Oct 31, 1997—Three more student members
of APEC Alert are arrested for writing anti-
APEC slogans on the atrium of Norman
MacKenzie House. The protesters are charged
with mischief and forced to agree not to
protest at the President's residence as a condition of bail. It is four nights before the last of
the students agrees to the conditions.
Sept 22,1997—Two UBC students, also
members of APEC Alert, are arrested for
painting an 'APEC Free Zone' around the
Goddess of Democracy. The students are
released later the same day after being
charged with mischief. APEC Alert members continue to expand the zone into
October and no further arrests are made
for painting.
May 22, 1997—The Graduate Student Society (GSS)
Council passes a motion opposing UBC's unilateral decision to host the AELM.
Nov 17,1997—APEC Alert are joined by students from
campuses as far away as Washington in a tent city
(called Demoville) outside the SUB.
Nov 14,1997—GSS agrees to vacate the Graduate Student Centre for the AELM after the RCMP provides them with
evidence that the building can be legally appropriated. The RCMP will not be using the building, but argue that it
needs to be shut down for security reasons.
MATURE NON-SMOKER NEEDS
ROOM OR BACHELOR, inside
gates of U.B.C. Preferably in base-
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871-1553.
THE UBC
HUMANISTS'
tTSW»
T-.-wi>B*aJW5t-.Sl««aAf^=
Wnat is
Humanism?
Definitions and Descriptions
of Modern Humanism
by Then Meijer (President, BC
Humanist Association)- l-'ree Donuts!
•12:30. Nov 25. Scarfe 206.
Nov 25,1997—AELM to be held in the Museum
of Anthropology and leaders invited for a lunch
in Norman MacKenzie House-the official residence of the UBC President. APEC-Alert plan to
continue the student walk-out and 'crash the
summit' by walking from the Goddess of
Democracy to as close as they are able to the
Museum of Anthropology.
Nov 19,1997—APEC conference begins.
Nov 24, 1997—APEC Alert
plans a student walk-out and
alternative APEC teach-in.
tuesday
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November 21, 1997 • volume 79 issue 21
Editorial Board
Special Coordinators
Douglas Quan and Todd Silver
Coordinating Editor
Joe Clark
News
Sarah Galashan and Chris Nuttall-Smith
Culture
Richelle Rae
Sports
Wolf Depner
National/Features
Jamie Woods
Photo
Richard Lam
Production
Federico Barahona
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia. It
is published every Tuesday and Friday by
The Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically
run student organisation, and all students
are encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University of
British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in The
Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey
Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the
expressed, written permission of The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be
checked when submissions are dropped off
at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given
to letters and perspectives over freestyles
unless the latter is time senstitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run until the identity of the
writer has been verified
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301  fax: (604) 822-9279
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advertising: (604) 822-1654
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Afshin Mehin
Twentv vo.irs Irom lodiv .il Uie bl.icklie AITX issue isiln minion
n-iebntyeino>e .S.ir,'h Galashan, in luwu funi IWnni/ii.i/on/yiafe.'iiRent'ii
cuver i4iirv. will stare oui al Uie meiiejo itoivU wiUi ejee. Slie'll see Vidnnn
Smtt. Nike puHicreLi lions li.iifc.iloiiywU^iaigeologisl.^TiiinsOriiioin I
Jnmie Woods. Jne Clark and i'edenm LVinJiona n-lired on Uwr skire* m
Onrion Modeller will lie eyeingjill Tneilnunn s riulippitw bl.td. cuitl
brc.k Iv 'And I'd especially like !o welcome Lui liard Lam Irom Uie Heffner
paLioe ' Uilnshan w-il s.-r,'. idling on in Andy Rirli.un wtnst.y cooler "He*
Die l»st dani pholcttraplier .il Tlaygiri.'Woll'Depner nuanwti.le. ahvnys i
worker wil be dmfiaig his resuaiaUon leller lo LTX Athletics. Mike
MoGow.ui and Jerome Yale sul) in a sweat lmir. IheirGreenpeaeeGinv.iss
1141 route wil! walk in late and stoned .is usual Somewhere It/ Uie buffet lable
will be EJiulyMak deinanduiailierfairsliareofMcNi^igets BulKidieJIe R.ie
dressed in a Rhonda McDonald (sHup will shonl lierdown -Gobpyyerown
goddam McNuggets asswipe.' Tcor Manna Antilles, cetebnty masseuse
won't be having lhat great a Lime, but il will only pjd woree when Todd Silver
pulls offhis sorksdunng dinner lo request a fool massage- 'Omigawd. fc Unit
a Loe).im?" DoueJasC>Jar will coo 'Gel me a siraw "Jaime Tone. recently pro.
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her next book. The Cynthia Lee How to Write LlroUca couree will have done
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airy tears now,' Iheyll say And Chris NuUallSmiUi still at The National
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lum oui this way.'
_™ya^YssEY^Rip^^bvgMB£g2LJ22Liai
APEC. what you see is all you get
Late next Tuesday afternoon,
Prime Minister Jean Chretien and
his buddies from the .Asia Pacific
will emerge from the great hall in
the Museum of /Anthropology. No
doubt they'll be smiling.
They'll liiely read off a series
of declarations to broaden investment opportunities and areas of
cooperation—all in keeping with
the goals set out in 1994 to eliminate trade barriers by the year
2010 (for developed countries)
and 2020 (for developing countries).
Then they'll pose for the
media, who really wants to get
back to the downtown Media
Centre and throw back a complementary brewskie. But who
knows, maybe Chretien and
China's President, Jiang Zemin,
will give each other a bearhug.
Don't be fooled by the smiles
and handshakes you'll see on the
evening news. And don't think the
world leaders spent the whole day
labouring over those declarations,
because they didn't. The details
got hammered out in advance of
the leaders meeting.
The APEC leaders meeting has
nothing to do with nose-to-nose,
fist-on-the-table   formal   discus
sion, and everything to do with
schmoozing over Canadian
spring water.
We put this special issue
together to provide a forum for
the news and opinion that haven't
made it into Vancouver's mainstream media diet. We've tried to
cover the issues that haven't
made it to the aAPEC table. We
want our readers to think about
what's really happening on campus next week: there's more to
APEC than photo ops and trade
deals.
We hope you'll look beyond the
immediacy of the conference—the
motorcades, the extravagant dinners and the traffic jams—and
take a look at what and who aAPEC
really does or doesn't represent
Sure, almost everyone will
want to discuss the currency crisis in southeast Asia that sent
Shockwaves around the world.
Sure, Jiang Zemin would love
nothing better than to ring the
neck of Taiwan's (oops, that's
Chinese Taipei's) representative.
Not that it will be Taiwan's
leader—he's not coming.
Sure, Chile just wants to talk
logistics about joining NAFTA.
Global warming,  the salmon
Women
A single conference takes an anti-Apec
stand at the People's Summit
AMS
Student council opposes the jailing of
students
APF,r,
Looking at things through the eyes of
campus personalities
Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
inion
liberalisation just may be
ying BCs rivers
dispute, landmines...
They will not want to acknowledge the precedence financial
gain is taking over human rights
and the need to deal with an
Asian neighbour that now looks
more like 18th Century Europe.
They will not want to discuss
the Tiananmen Square Massacre,
the Dili Massacre or the occupation of Tibet.
But in. fact none of these issues
will be discussed because the
Museum of Anthropology is not
the place for contentious debate.
It is not a debate. It is not a negotiation. It's an exclusive club consisting of some of the most powerful people on Earth.
Leaders use this time to weigh
each other out, to get to know the
guy who is dropping fishing nets
in your water, or running military
exercises just off your shores.
Sure, allowing these guys—and
currently they are all guys—to get
to know each other is practical,
after all, you wouldn't want to
miscommunicate during some
delicate arms reduction treaty.
But this is really just an organized media blitz. A bunch of
suits getting together to pose in
front of a spectacualar view so
that CNN's Bernard Shaw can
give his newscast from a location other than Atlanta or
Baghdad.
And even if it wasn't just
about appearances, even if
APEC leaders sat down and—
God forbid—talked about substantive issues, all they'd be
concerned about is how to
improve their own respective
positions in the world.
Next Tuesday, throngs of
UBC students will be implicated
in APEC. Unfortunately many
will skip their classes and head
down to the Museum of
Anthropology just to see if they
can catch a glimpse of one of
the leaders, to see "history in
the making." They will all be
victims of the hype that has surrounded this event, caught up
in the celebrity atmosphere of
APEC.
What would change if APEC
was not held on campus? Would
it really be a victory? Would students be given any voice at all?
If nothing else APEC is giving UBC students a voice—one
that the world might listen to.
So consider what you want to
say and make yourself heard.
Op
inion
Alerters speak out against.
Opinion
Cartooning APEC style
Drama
Acting out on environmental concerns
IN"
.Asia Pad
i-basi
eatre gets back to the WAV*-
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Horta speaks out in Vancouver
by Penny Cholmondeley
There were no security escorts for the delegates at
Wednesday's opening ceremonies for the People's
Summit on APEC.
The People's Summit, unlike its official counterpart,
addresses human rights, the environment and women.
The summit held its opening ceremony Wednesday
night Jose Ramos-Horta, ct>winner ofthe 1996 Nobel
Peace Prize for his work in East-Timor, was the keynote
speaker.
East Timor has lost one-third of its population in what
some have called a program of genocide and sterilisation
since Indonesia invaded in 1975. Horta has toured the
world trying to raise awareness of the plight of the
Timorese people.
The summit opened with a welcome from First Nations
elders of the Tsleil Wau Tuth, Musqueam and Squamish
nations, and a traditional Round Dance.
Organized by a coalition of Canadian NGO and labour
organizations, the People's Summit has taken on the role
of a counter conference to APEC.
Dedicating the Peace Prize to all those in the struggle
for East Timorese independence, Horta reminded his
audience ofthe approaching millennium and commented
on the positive gains made by humanity.
However, he quickly took a more
sombre tone to discuss what he
called "humanity's darker side." He
recounted the July meeting in
Malaysia where that nation joined
with Indonesia in opposition to the
Universal Declaration of Human
Rights.
The two nations argued that the
Declaration of Human Rights was
based on an American standard and
that it does not accommodate Asian
values.
Horta rejects the idea that the declaration should be
abandoned. He said it is a deliberate attempt to set
back the progress made by the international community.
"Asian values
has simply
become an
empty slogan/'
Jose Ramos-Horta
Human rights activist
Manitoba
JOSE RAMOS-HORTA and MP Svend Robinson share a
laugh at the opening ceremonies of the People's Summit
last Wednesday, adam bradley photo
"The proponents of the Asian values theory have
never actually articulated a set of Asian values that is
supposedly different from the principles and values in
the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights. Asian values has simply become an
empty slogan," said Horta.
Horta also stated that those who claim to
guard Asian values ignore the sacred teachings of the Eastern religions. Horta
received a long applause after he criticising
the UN and highlighted what he sees as blatant hypocrisy within the organization.
Horta was only one speaker at a garnering featuring a number of prominent political activists and social advocates. Also featured at the ceremony were former
opposition leader Elijah Harper and
Malaysian activist Irene Fernandez who led the crowd
in the chant: "We have life. We have rights. We have
hope."->>
Women's Conference stands alone
by Cynthia Lee
Mon to Fri 8am-9pm
petition!
jn  10am-6pm
The second International
Women's Conference Against
APEC is the only People's
Summit event taking a clear
oppositional position against
APEC.
It was organised by a coalition of women's groups around
the world and is part of the
People's Summit on APEC,
which is currently running parallel to the APEC conference.
The intention of the People's
Summit is to provide alternatives to the positions taken by the
eighteen member economies.
Foremost among the concerns
ofthe summit are the effects that
trade liberalisation has on the
peoples ofthe Pacific Rim.
The other conferences, such as
those dealing with the plight of
domestic workers or the impact of
globalisation on education only provide a forum for discussion to take
place but the Women's Conference
took a firm stand against APEC.
Labour, human rights, environment and socio-economic development were the themes of the conference attended by over 450 delegates.
Sunera Thobani, a former president of the National Action
Committee on the Status of Women
(NAC), said that engaging in the
APEC process or creating side agreements could not effectively combat
its destructive effects. "Globalisation
is profoundly impacting the status of
women everywhere."
The conference's stance went
beyond APEC itself, expanding its
MEMBERS OF THE WOMEN'S Conference Against APEC meet to discuss the effects of
neoliberalism on the developing worldline. adam bradley photo
opposition to include what Nandita
Sharma, a conference organiser,
called "the agenda which is driving
APEC."
"What you are hearing is women's
experience around the world of neoliberalism. We are very much con
cerned that APEC is only about promoting that agenda,"she said.
But for Tania Suarez, who, at 23, is
an active member of the Mexican
Zapatista Front for National
Liberation, the conference wasn't
enough.
"Unfortunately we don't have all
the women here—those women
who live the real problem. Could
you imagine how they're hving right
now? They don't have the chance to
study. They just have their hands to
produce and to make a family comfortable. But they're not hving with
dignity."
Keynote      speaker,     Jeanette
Armstrong, an Okanagan activist
who works with the Council of
Listeners in the International
Testimonials on Violations to
Indigenous Sovereignty, suggested Canadians have a duty concerning the APEC agenda.
"One of the clear responsibilities we have as a Canadian people
in urging our government is not to
participate in these large globalisation programs. It is our responsibility for other peoples, where
the effects will be severest on the
indigenous peoples and people
under the poverty- line," she said.
Education was also a recurring
theme of the conference. Through
a translator, Cheung Lai-Ha, vice-
president of the Hong Kong
Confederation of Trade Unions,
said, "Our next important act is to
educate and organise women to
fight for our rights."♦ AEEG	
Fences to seal off Norman Mackenzie House
THyjBY5SE|^^E|Da^j^QVEMa
by Sarah Galashan
When 18 world leaders attend the APEC
Economic Leaders Meeting (AELM) lhe lyes of
trie world will lie on UBC. And the ryift of sum
rilv personnel will Ik; on Uie protesters
Seven foot high, chain-lmked fences an*-
being raised Lo ibni) a prolectrd /one- arouiul
the Museum or Anthropolog-.* and \'onn*.n
MacKeiizi!' Houst', Ihe sites ol tlie AELM.
RCMP officers will line both sides of the barri
cade. The borders run roughly from the cot tier
of Chancellor Ehd. and Weslhronk Mail to the
Nitobe Momoriul Garden
"It will be regular RCMF members who v. ill
he assigned to ensure lhal tlie zone is hi-aired."
said Lloyd Plank**, Plairserprantfor tlie, RCMP
University Detachment
In lhe past week, RCMP officers have been
si outing lhe campus, questioning students
and orienting themselves with tlie area
According to RCMP Supf-rinU-iulc-.nl Trevor
Thornpu-'U, who's in charge of site security for
the .\ELM the\ will be ready for anything on
TucsrLiy.
fhe offirors will be equipped with hand
ruffs and standard lirc-arms, anil liave been
Lr»trucU*d lo allow for reasoniililc and peaceful
protest.
* Iru-re's always a concern In no way do w *■
wish to hamper protest We fuel r*uniident wo
will be able lo meol both needs," said
Thompsett.
There is Me doubt the
meeting's presence will be
felt by sludenls. Prom
November 2A at fipm to the
samp time the following <iay,
parts of Ihe campus will be
dosfd to the public
Only accrt'thli'd person
riel will have acces-'S to buildings within the
security Mine. This includes lhe aAnlhropology
and Sociology building, meaning classes normally held there will be relocated The Chan
Cenlre, f .reen College, Row Garden Parkade
and Iho Graduate Student Centre will also be
dositl.
-J
i —. : } ■ in. ' '■'' "t-  i • ;—.
THE AREA behind the thick line will be off I
limits to students this Tuesday
AMS opposes jailing peaceful, disobedient students
by Chris Nuttall-Smith
AMS council doesn't want students who use
non-violent civil disobedience as a means of
protest to go to jail.
The council's near-unanimous decision
Wednesday comes weeks after three students
were arrested for writing washable anti-APEC
slogans on windows at the residence ofthe UBC
president, Martha Piper.
But more significantly, it comes days before
expected student protests against the APEC leaders' retreat at Piper's residence and the
Museum of Anthropology November 2 5. The 18
APEC leaders at that meeting will include
Chinese President Jiang Zemin and Indonesian
leader General Suharto, both known for massive
human rights abuses.
Student protesters from APEC-Alert, a
group active in protests at UBC, have vowed
to cross security barricades during the
retreat to attempt to arrest Suharto for war
crimes. And while they say the action will be
non-violent, they expect to be arrested and
possibly jailed.
Vivian Hoffmann, the AMS director of
finance, spoke in support of the motion saying
that while it's important to protect the safety of
the leaders, that effort shouldn't impede students rights to effective protest
She argued civil disobedience of
overzealous security measures is
justified.
"Security is important, but
there is the worry that the measures aren't being taken as much
to protect the leaders from getting
hurt, as to protect them from being
embarrassed," said Hoffmann.
She added that protesters who
are arrested should be jailed only
if they will flee the country before ™E AMS'ls OPP0^t0
. . "i       .n., .1     a. a.   more scenes like this on
a trial, or it they pose a threat to „„„,„„,. „.-.„.„„
, ,. ,, „  .,     ,       , ,   lA_  .       CampUS RICHARD LAM/
public safety.  Jail shouldnt be UBYssey file photo
used to impede free speech or to
silence or intimidate protesters," she argued.
An earlier version of the motion was
returned to the AMS executive for clarification
two weeks ago after councillors asked for a definition of 'civil disobedience.' At that meeting
some councillors also spoke against defending
students who break the law.
But a caveat in the policy passed this week
limits the policy's definition of civil disobedience to action that isn't violent,
doesn't cause physical harm and
doesn't significantly or permanently damage property.
For an antiAPEC protester at
the meeting, the move is welcome, but late. Rex Bailey, a third
year Arts student, said the motion
is so wishy-washy that council
had no choice but to pass it
The*,' should have made a
stronger stand of principle some
time ago," he said. "Rather, they've
sidelined themselves and made
themselves irrelevant to much of
the APEC debate until now."
Bailey said council's motion might give him
some support if he gets jailed at an anti-APEC
protest
"I'm not planning to [get arrested] but well
see what happens."-*
There are a lew locations along the protect
od zone where students will have an unobstructed view of that day's twiiL-..
Bus n-iiU"* along Fourth Ave, Chancellor
Blvd. and Spanish Banks will be periodically
To-muli-d and a shuttle bus will be available to
help with cross-campus Iravol for drivers
forced to find remote parking. ♦
APEC brings no
costs to UBC
East Timorese put Suharto on trial in SUB
General Suharto, leader of Indonesia, was
indicted for crimes against humanity last
Monday in a mock trial organised by the
East Timor Alert Network (ETAN).
The decision followed the testimony of
17 Timorese and Indonesian individuals,
who gave first-hand accounts of the massacre and torture which began in 19 7 5 following the Indonesian invasion of East
Timor.
General Suharto, who became president in a coup, is said to be responsible for
the deaths of as many as 200,000
Timorese under a program of genocide
and forced sterilization.
Isabel Galhos, who is one of only three
known East Timorese currently hving in
Canada, described the life she lived under
Indonesian rule. While still in school, she
was injected with Depo Provera, the drug
used by the Indonesian military to sterilize
many Timorese. It took five soldiers to hold
her down for the injection.
The only way she knew how to get out of the
country was to join a government sponsored
initiative to quell rumours of a massacre in the
by Todd Silver    Indonesian capital which began to drift over
the Pacific in 1991.
Dili, the capital of East Timor, was the site
of a protest against Indonesian's continued
TORTURE SURVIVOR Alfredo Rodriques displays
cigarette burns inflicted by the Indonesian army.
RICHARD LAM PHOTO
occupation. According to the panelists, soldiers opened fire on the protesters. Reports
say that over 200 were killed and another
300 wounded.
In response to the growing world concern
over the region following the Dili massacre, the
Indonesian government enlisted East
Timorese people to travel the world to hail the
benefits of the unification ofthe two nations.
Galhos ended up in Canada. But before she
left, she had to endure what she said was a grueling interrogation. For two weeks, she was
interviewed for twelve hours a day to ensure
what she told the world fit with what the government wanted. "I was forced to He," she
explained. "The East Timorese were used to
hurt East Timorese."
Galhos defected while speaking in Canada.
But the family she left behind in East Timor
supported her decision.
The chatter during the trial Monday fell
silent when .Alfredo Rodriques lifted his shirt to
expose a blackened scar across most of his
upper back. He explained through a translator
how he was tortured with cigarettes. He listed
off the names of the battalions he said killed
his mother, father and brother.
The jury found that the testimony was
enough to call on the government to arrest
Suharto for crimes against humanily in accordance with Canadian law.-*
by Michael McGowan
THE ATRIUM, here
marked up by
activists, is one of
the benefits gained
from APEC
RICHARD LAM /
UBYSSEY FILE PHOTO
On Tuesday November 25, UBC campus will
be the center of a huge media spectacle as it
welcomes leaders for the Asia Pacific
Economic Cooperation leader's summit
"I would hope that UBC would gain a lot of
profile and recognition of its programs, and
that [recognition] would spin-off into additional funds being made available for programs in which both undergraduates and
graduates could benefit," said Terry McBride,
director ofthe C.K. Choi institute and recently-
named academic vice president and provost
.Aside from the free
publicity that UBC will
gain from hosting the
conference, there are
other more tangible
benefits.
The campus has
already seen some
physical improvements
in the form of renovations to the Museum of
Anthropology and fhe
addition of the atrium
to the president's
house. All the costs are being covered by the
federal government
There are also a number of potential APEC
legacies. They include: creation of a centre for
Australia-Canada relations; an Asian art exhibit at the university shortly after APEC; journalism exchange with APEC countries; and creation of models ofthe APEC economies.
All funding for these UBC legacy initiatives
will either come from endowment resources
within the university, or new funding initiatives from donors to the university.
Stan Hamiltoq associate dean ofthe faculty
of Commerce and Business Administration,
stressed fhe need to forge economic links with
the Asia-Pacific region.
He said many of the students currently
studying at UBC are from the Asia Pacific
region, and will return home after earning
their degrees. They will be our future business
partners, he says.
But McBride said the APEC agenda can
open up in the future. "I don't see why as
those [economic] goals move forward or
change, APEC can't also begin to embrace
other goals such as matters relating to health
in the region, or environment, or sustainable
development "♦
•
Friday, November 21
4      12:30 pm  in the
Work Experience, Co-op and Internship
Speakyourmilld...    we're listening   SUB Conversation Pit <D
by Chris Nuttall-Smith
*#■
If everything goes as planned next Tuesday and a troop of anti-APEC protesters pours over the barricades at UBC to arrest the president of Indonesia, expect to see Jaggi Singh, take-charge activist and
all-around shit disturber near the front of the pack.
Olt was Singh who was dragged in a choke-hold from an Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum
reception at the Museum of Anthropology lastjanuary after trying to present an Indonesian
aflHH      delegate with the flag of Indonesian-occupied East Timor, site of some of the most
%\p      vicious human rights abuses since the Holocaust.
It was also Singh who was arrested last month during a demonstration outside the
#,4fc      Nike store on Robson Street. And outside an Indonesian forum at the Robson Square
^^'i      Media Centre. And at a bicycle rally to protest the Molson Indy.
*^~ But for all the protests Singh has organised or participated in this year, he
^MJ      still doesn't have a record. "One point I want to make is I'm not proud of the
■t^ a    fact that I don't have a criminal record," Singh says, sitting on a balcony out-
--Q-Jy    side the Student Union Building. "There are a lot of things that are worth
getting a record for."
{■■■ If Singh has a record at UBC though, it is with students who have
■■■■      applauded or sneered at his tactics; with a host of university administra-
lfS A    *°rs wno would probably like to see him disappear; and with a burgeoning
255*    group of fellow activists. Singh can take a lot of the credit for building the
^^?      group of activists.
^5 By most accounts, UBC was a wellhead of apathy until late.
- ^^ The campus was a place where self-involved students fretted over job
Uj      prospects and beer gardens; hardly fertile soil for a debate about human
rights and Third World development prospects. So the roiling protests, the
string of arrests, all the attention on issues, all the debate on campus, is a new thing
to a lot of people here. Panel discussions on APEC are packed. And people are talking.
For better or for worse, Singh is widely seen as the one who's conceived, carried,
delivered and reared the rebirth of social activism at UBC.
Not that he'll accept the credit. Environmental groups and racial and social
awareness groups have been a part of the university for years. But lately they've
tended to be polite. Timid.
Singh, new to Vancouver from his native Toronto, was one of a small group of people who got involved in opposing the Coke monopoly at UBC, starting a small group
called Culture Jammers. The group staged rallies outside the UBC McDonald's and plastered campus Coke machines with unfriendly slickers. They deflated an enormous
blow-up Ronald McDonald stationed outside SUB during Storm the Wall. They stormed
the towering plywood walls and 'redesigned' the walls' corporate logos with spray-paint.
Singh helped found the Ogoni Solidarity Network to protest the hanging of Nigerian
environmental activist Ken Saro Wiwa and seven other activists. "The Ogoni Eight"
were hanged for their protests of Shell oil's operations, and the company's environmental and social impact on the region. The Ogoni Solidarity Network started picketing Shell
service stations (Shell has been widely blamed for supporting the military regime that killed
Saro Wiwa) and distributing literature on Nigeria and the Ogoni region.
He's also involved in the East Timor Alert Network, APEC-Alert, the No to APEC
Coalition, Food not Bombs, anti-racist groups, a squatters rights group.
This week he's spoken on a panel discussion, at forums and rallies and as a panellist on
a Vancouver chat show. He was in good form Tuesday at a UBC panel on APEC. The panel
was made up of faculty experts in economics, development, political science and labour, a
politician, and James Cooney, of Placer Dome, the international gold mining firm.
Cooney, speaking in support of APEC, argued that issues like the environment and
human rights would eventually be drawn into the APEC agenda. But business, being
universal, was fheplace to start, he said.
Singh, in a tattered Gap pullover and unhemmed corduroys, stripped Cooney of his environmentalist cred by mentioning Placer Dome's role in the biggest mining tailings spill in the
Philippine history, atCalancanBay. "When spills happen, whencate'-.l.iophehappr'n-T-'.vhen ihe-, ,-*.k
for compensation—Placer Dome takes its money and pulls out" Singh rallied "The people in ('alan. .in
Bay are still waiting for compensation."
And Singh slammed the much-bandied assertion that
people in Asia have a different standard for human rights
and democracy than Westerners do. It's the military, the
governments and the business leaders who say human
rights is a Western instrument that doesn't apply to Asia.
Workers in Asia, aboriginal people in Asia, a majority,
Singh said, want human rights, but no one's hstening to
them because they're not at the APEC table.
For all his activism, Singh doesn't want to be profiled in
the media as a leader. He was reluctant to cooperate for this
profile. The reason people tixink he's the leader is that he's
the one who makes the six o'clock newscast and writes the
press releases, he says.
Step into a lush, manicured backyard with a multi-million dollar view of the Straight of Georgia. It's the UBC
President's official residence and Singh and a dozen other
protesters weren't invited to play road hockey. See Singh
cut in front of the television lights and cameras and microphones scrumming in Piper's backyard to deliver an eloquent media clip on why APEC-Alert is reclaiming space
that will provide a retreat for dictators.
Road hockey against APEC didn't make much of a media
splash, though. The media came for arrests, and there
weren't any. But the APEC-Alert press release promised nothing short of Oka. "UBC students to risk arrest three times this
week as opposition to aAPEC grows" it yowled.
The media were only extras tiiough, in a bigger picture.
Chris Brown gets organised
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"I really don't like stunts. The vibe I got at the hockey game for example, I hated that And it was more a reflection on the media than any
one else." Singh adds for every protest action he does, he evaluates whether it's worth doing even if there's no media there to record it. The
importance of an action is the action itself, he says, not the attention it might get.
He complains that the anti-.APEC groups are known only for their civil disobedience because the media won't go to panel discussions, or
forums or speeches, or teach-ins. The other side to the groups—discussing the issues—is shunted from the headlines.
"A good case study of this is what's going to happen on the twenty-fourth [of November] and twenty-fifth. Because on the twenty-fourth we're having a teach-in. We're bringing in speakers from New Zealand, Native speakers from here, from East Timor,
Tibet, Maude Barlow [of the Council of Canadians] and Tony Clarke [author of Silent Coup]."
On the twenty-fifth, they'll try to arrest Indonesian President Suharto.
"One thing I have learned is that to be an activist is not somefriing to be ashamed of—to be called an activist It's a term
that's thrown around to disparage people and I think it's quite an honourable thing...to be called an activist"*
Chris Brown is the Executive Interchange Officer for the Department of Foreign Affairs looking into the Asia Pacific. In
short, he's the man with one of the longest titles at UBC.
He has the longest title and, arguably, one ofthe most important jobs this week. Organising APEC at UBC is no easy task.
In the C.K. Choi building, Brown sits at his desk by the phone he uses to contact foreign dignitaries and federal officials. He
gggg explains that he is employed by the university, and is on a government
assignment intended to broaden his experience and offer UBC his
international expertise.
Formerly posted in Vietnam and having worked extensively in the
Asia Pacific makes Brown an expert. The UBC spot became available on
his way back from a posting in Asia. He was the right person, in the
right place, at the right time.
No other Canadian university devotes as many of its resources to the
Asia Pacific as UBC does. This is partly credited to former UBC
President David Strangway, who insisted the school would strengthen
its link to the Pacific Rim. For this, and the anticipated role UBC might
play in APEC '97, Brown was offered the stint two years ago.
Lately he's been the man with the connections, spending a great
deal of time on the phone liaising with his government contacts and
working out the logistics ofthe campus portion of APEC. But he insists
he's most interested in how APEC will affect the university and whenever possible he finds time to directly address the students' concerns,
often by speaking to classes or to the campus media.
"Much of my work for the last six months has been working on the
university's role in APEC and how that fits into its broader position in
Asia Pacific interests."
Grad fellowships, an Asian art exhibit, and a centre for Australian-
Canadian relations are among what administration types are calling
the UBC APEC Legacy Initiatives. Brown believes it is important that the
school gets as much out of the event as possible and has been working
to ensure it will happen.
"UBC's real strength lies in Asia Pacific affairs and it goes right
across every faculty. Every department from anthropology to zoology
has some kind of Asia Pacific interest, some kind of connection."
University professors and researchers have provided important
background information to APEC organisers on transportation, energy
and environmental issues. It's been just one of the opportunities the
controversial conference has provided UBC.
APEC has also provided UBC with more protest and media attention
than ever before. Activism both on and off campus has become a regular occurrence and anyone with a bone to pick knows that on November 25, UBC is the
place to be.
Whether the campus protests have upped the stakes for APEC security on campus is
not for certain, says Brown, but it is for certain that the federal government has a large
responsibility to ensure the safety of the Internationally Protected People who will be
in Vancouver for the economic conference.
The campus has been a hotbed for student protests since the announcement that the
.,. Museum of a-Vnfhropology (MOA) would be the venue for the APEC Economic Leaders
Meeting (aAELM). There have been several arrests made and there could be more to
come. Three students were arrested earlier this month for graffiti on the residence of
,' UBC President Martha Piper. They have also played ball hockey on her driveway.
Brown says targeting Martha Piper is unjustified. "Martha Piper inherited this file.
Whether or not the university was consulted is no longer the issue."
He also defends the choice of location and says ultimately it benefits the students who
want their issues heard. "I believe that their concerns can be more effectively highlighted...by holding the meeting on the university campus and using that as a venue
not only for the meeting but for an expression for these concerns, than it could be if
this meeting took place in a hotel downtown."
The site was chosen from among many possible Vancouver sites because of its spectacular location and for the security options it provided. But he believes that the location choice also emphasises the government's interest in youth and in education.
He is not surprised but impressed by the amount of commitrnent students have
shown in their cause. "You hear all this stuff these days about students being apathetic. And I don't think that's true. I think that UBC students are passionately concerned."
And he attributes growing awareness of the issue of human rights across
Canadian campuses to the protests at UBC. The recent arrests of protesting UBC students have generated national attention in both the mainstream and campus press.
"[The Government] has made it very clear to the leaders that there will be
demonstrations, that there will be protests, that there will be strong and visible expressions of sentiment against certain APEC leaders on certain issues.
But that these will go ahead without fear of reprisal or retribution as long as
they take place in a reasonable manner."
APEC-Alert has received national media attention for many of their protests.
What concerns organisers ofthe event is avoiding an international incident.
"Protests will continue. I think they will be come more active and frequent
and I mink that's quite reasonable given the level of concerns it seems the student body has on this," says Brown. But he stresses that providing some reasonable alternatives to APEC is more constructive .
He expects protests along the fenced off RCMP protected zone, but hopes that UBC
students in general will also show an interest this Tuesday. He's helped ensure that
students will have access to information on the proceedings in the Museum of
aAnthropology; televisions carrying AELM coverage are being installed in many campus
buildings.
As for the meeting itself, he won't be in attendence, but from what this man with the
federal conecblons says, it wiE see some broadening of the agenda with more sustainable
development issues being discussed than ever before. And no matter what. Brown is confident that APEC is a good idea. It's good because engaging people in dialogue is more constructive than cutting them off with sanctions.
"I personally believe that it is important to be holding the AELM at a democratic institution in
a democratic country," said Brown.
What the future after UBC holds for the man with the longest title is still up in the ais*. For now he's
got to focus on APEC*
On November 25
18 big names will be on
our campus. But there are
personalities on ail sides of the
APEC debate who have been here
for a while. Jaggi Singh and
Chris Brown are a couple of
the names you can expect
to hear a lot of in the
next few days*
au^%jvii jiiiwii MLnHKU uwi rnuivj
by Penny Cholmondeley
Talk about APEC and you'll brew up all kinds of opinions and
emotions. But talk about APEC and culture, and you'd better
expect confusion. .After all, isn't the conference only about
economics?
Not necessarily, if you believe Clint Burnham, a sessional
instructor at UBC and Emily Carr.
Burnham spoke on the matter as part of "Globalisation
and Culture," a panel discussion organised by Art Against
APEC.
Burnham asserts that the link between APEC and culture lies
in the process of globalisation and that culture is, in fact, at the
very root of the conference. He quickly points out that APEC
wouldn't exist without globalisation, a process which not only
affects culture, but is rapidly becoming a part of how it is defined.
is witnessing the emergence of a system of unprecedented
communication. However, at the same time we are having to
deal with "religious fundamentalism... ethical monotheism...
isolationism... social conservatism and xenophobia." We are,
at the same time, living in both worlds.
The art being displayed at the conference is, in Burnham's
opinion, the perfect example of how this kind of split is being
manipulated by APEC organisers.
For instance, highUghting non-controversial West Coast
Native art appeals to a kind of nostalgia about what Burnham
calls the "authentic." This "authentic" side of Canadian art is
being used as part of a carefully orchestrated environment in
which organisers can tightly control the focus of the conference.
So, despite their differences, contributions from Bill Reid,
Gordon Smith and other we'll known British Columbian and
Canadian artists to be showcased, all have one thing.
in common. They are highly unlikely to offend anyone.
"The reason why I'm saying it's bad is that this is
precisely the role that culture has played through
most of history in terms of highly oppressive sQci-
eties.-.trophy art."
Perhaps aware of how damning this might sound,
Burnham is quick to qualify his criticisms of many of -
Canada's most popular artists.
"Obviously many of these artists are quite interesting and they've done interesting work—it's not jtist'
the fact they were very clear that they did not want '
ariything controversial or sexual or violent in the
imagery."
But Burnham questions the role such art is playing
in the context of aAPEC.
"I mean, will they even know it's any different
from what they mini would be there anyway!,..And ,;
that's exactly the kind of function that that kuidbPart'-' •
plays in that kind of high class world, and has playeij %
APEC is all about culture
While Burnham may not feel that globalisation has to, by
nature, be a negative force, he does refute claims that it is a
naturally occurring process. Instead he blames the leaders of
the aAPEC countries for perpetuating it for their own agendas.
"They present it as being natural, it's inevitable, it's coming, get ready, get used to it," says Burnham. "But they help
it... Why can't it just sort of, like a wave or something, just
come in and cover us all with cheap imports or jobs or whatever it's supposed to cover us with!"
According to Burnham, the effects of globalisation have
created a Jrind of cultural schism. On the one hand, the world
for the past few hundred years as just being a trophy... That's
what really the role of art for aAPEC is in terms of the event
happening here."
In response to everything being said about the "economic
only" agenda of the aAPEC conference, Burnham offers a convincing counter argument. .APEC isn't really about economics. It's about appearances.
The leaders summit, to Burnham, is in a sense a completely cultural event where the national leaders appear on
stage so as appear to be in control when, in fact they do not.
"That's the irony, they have to pretend to lead."*
More than two sides to APEC
by Cynthia Lee and Jill Thielmann
If APEC has had any effect on UBC campus, it
has stirred a flurry of debate about trade policy, human rights and representation. But,
while some professors who teach subjects
directly related to APEC have downplayed the
issue, others have taken the opportunity to
speak up on it.
Xavier Furtado, an international relations
graduate who has participated in several
APEC forums at UBC, says it's easier to articulate an anti-APEC position than a pro-APEC
position. And he says it's hard to pigeon-hole
the debate into a pro-APEC and anti-APEC
dichotomy.
"The division is artificial. It is easy to portray the anti-APEC side because someone can
be aligned with righteous causes—for human
rights, against the presence of murderous
leaders," said Furtado. "It's harder if you
aren't against APEC. No one's position is
quite that simplistic. No one is going to say,
'I'm pro-APEC and against human rights,'" he
explained.
Law Professor, Pitman Potter, agreed. "I
would like to suggest that the classification of
either 'for' or 'against' is sort of a false
dichotomy, and I would hesitate to characterise myself as someone who is 'for' APEC in
any sort of unqualified sense. I think it has
some tilings to offer, but I flunk it also has
some potential problems," Potter said.
But at an APEC-Alert forum on October
24—Professors Speak Out on APEC—there
was little doubt as to what some professors
thought about APEC.
"I am offended that the university, a place
of academic freedom, would be welcoming
something contrary to this idea of academic
freedom," said Frank Tester, an assistant professor in the School of Social Work. He invited
UBC President Martha Piper, to "think about
it," adopting the university's pro-research
buzzword.
Valerie Raoul, director of the Centre for Research in Women's Studies and Gender Relations was also firm in her stance against APEC.
"I find it alarming that an organisation
that is not elected, representative of governments, or accountable, and whose debates
are kept secret, can have so much influence
on the fives of such a large number of people," said Raoul.
And she spoke from some first-hand
knowledge of conditions in Asia, where she
worked in Thailand with the International
Voluntary Service, and with the World
University Service of Canada.
She added that many faculty members have
serious reservations about aAPEC, but are hesitating to speak aloud. "They may be afraid of
being labelled as part of a knee-jerk protest
groups with questionable tactics," she said.
That might explain why many UBC classes
that deal with Asia Pacific issues, have not discussed the upcoming APEC conference, nor
will they.
Diane Mauzy, a political science professor
of South Asian government and politics, said
she will not be discussing APEC with her class
because there is already enough public information on the organisation.
Neither will Brian Copeland. The International Economics Professor said APEC will
receive mention in his class but it won't be his
focus. "I won't be focusing on the controversial issues because that's not what my class is
really about."
Ironically, one professor who is raising
APEC in his class is not in the social sciences
at all. English Professor Clint Burnham has
incorporated APEC into his two essay writing
classes and his novel class will discuss
APEC's "controversial issues."
Burnham plans to bring the issues to the
classroom November 24, the day before the
conference. He said professors should be discussing the controversial issues in order to
educate students.
"It's our job to educate as professors, and
what goes on outside the classroom affects
what goes on inside the classroom."
Burnham said instructors should at least
acknowledge the presence of APEC on campus, and ensure students understand what is
going on and the implications it will have,
especially those classes whose curriculum is
directly related to fhe APEC conference.
Whatever opinions professors may hold,
Michael Wallace, a professor of Political
Science, warned "professors should not use
their position to coerce or browbeat their students into accepting their views. Academic
freedom applies to students as well."-* V
OaV^Qyi- aT.   I. *»i    1 11*7
APEC ignores environmental concerns
by Andy Barham
In Indonesia, residents are forced to put on gas masks because
the smoke from slash and burn forestry is thick enough to cause
severe resperatory damage. The wood is then used to produce
cheap pulp in Canadian- built mills. The explanation that economics is separate from envi-
romental concerns
seem strange to a
APEC ENVIRONMENTAL HOTSPOTS
would
woman
unable to breathe the air.
But economics is all that will
be talked about when the leaders of the 18 APEC "economies" meet at UBC next week.
APEC is not about the environment It is not about human
rights, or fair and safe labour
practices, or equal treatment of
women and aboriginal people,
or child exploitation, or, in fact,
any ofthe issues and concerns
of the ordinary citizens of any
ofthe countries participating in
the summit
Instead, APEC will concern
itself entirely with a discussion
of trade liberalisation in an
emerging global context focusing in particular on removing
barriers to trade between participating nations. Issues, such
as environmental degradation,
pollution, and deforestation are
not on the agenda
libby Davies, NDP MP for
Vancouver East argued that
unfettered trading arrangements among APEC countries
means that there are no rules
governing the behaviour of      ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
transnational corporations operating within the Asia Pacific sphere. She described it as a region
without rules.
Their whole idea is trade liberalisation and getting away from
any rules whatsoever. So, from that point of view, I think we
should be very concerned about APEC and its relationship to globalisation and its relationship to the role of government One ofthe
things I see happening with this sort of whole issue of globalisa-
Canada
High rates of air pollution are destroying the ozone layer
over the high arctic.
Only about 25 per cent of British Columbia's coastal Old
Growth rainforest remains unlogged.
CHII-4A
The Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest dam, currently
under construction on the Yangtze River, will divert water
200 km from the river to supply many cities. However, this
will result in the probable extiction ofthe River Dolphin.
MALAYSIA
The wholesale clearcutting and burning of Malaysian
forests displaces the indigenous inhabitants who depend on
the rainforest for survival.
United States of America
National Forests and Parks are under threat from
Congressmen who feel they should be opened up to mining
and logging as supplies elsewhere run out.
The Military Industrial Complex has created huge quantities of nuclear waste from the byproducts of weapons
manufacture.
-Sources:
David Cadman chair o[ Ihe Board of Directors of SPEC, lhe Society Promoting
Environmental Conservation
Dr. Aprodicio Loquian, Director of Human Settlements for the UBC School of Community
and Regional Planning
tion and trade liberalisation is that the role of the state is being
dramatically redefined. That instead of serving public or human
interest it's being redifined to serve corporate interests, facilitating the creation of new markets. That's what its primary role is,"
she said.
Canada has played a leading role in this deforestation with
 Canadian   engineering   companies
building many of Indonesia's huge
new pulp mills, in at least one case,
with hefty subsidies from the
Chretien government
According to Communication,
Energy and Paperworkers' Union
representative Fred Wilson, Indonesia's pulp mills operate with the
lowest costs in the world, making
them profitable, even during downturns in the pulp market
Canada has also sold two CANDU
reactors to China, bringing in with it
legislation exempting any 'mega-
project' from enviromental legislation which was originally brought in
by the Chretien government
According to Wilson, Canadian
engineering firms like HR Simons
have played a leading role in building new pulp mills in Indonesia.
These new pulp mills are then used
by the Canadian government as
examples of the nation's success in
the global market The government
does not however, address the allegations that these mills, which run
on the barest expense, rely on a
labor force making two dollars a day
and forbidden to form unions. In
fact, trade union activist Muktar
Pakpahat was imprisoned for
demanding a doubling of the minimum wage.
"It's almost impossible for them not to make money, regardless," said Wilson. Their costs are so low that they can make
money even at the lowest end ofthe cycle, and they are saturating
the world with cheap pulp. That's directly related to the lack of
human rights and labour rights in that country."
Wilson says when these companies flood the world market
with inexpensive pulp, Canadian companies have no choice but
ask the government to ease off on environmental standards and
reduce the size of the labour force so that they can have a chance
to compete. [Effectively, they are asking Canada to make changes
in its economy so that the nation can compete in an internatonal
market which Canadian companies helped create.]
Environmentalists in BC are concerned. According to Ken
Woo of the People's Action for Threatened Habitat (PATH), the
provincial government is buckling to the pressure, and has
already shown a preference for economic interests over the environment The Forest Practices Code was changed to place economic concerns on par with environmental interests. Previously,
enviromental concerns came first The government is really pandering to the forest industry, big companies, right now," said Woo.
A rommitment to loosening up environmental protection legislation, such as the Forest Practices Code, is being requested by
B.C.'s forestry sector to make it competitive with the forestry
industry in Indonesia
Rationalising BC's forestry practices in order to achieve competitive parity with other APEC countries doesn't just affect our
forests. It also has a major impact on the rest ofthe ecosystem and
- those who depend on it for something other than fibre production
Woo points out that one ofthe ways that the forestry industry
would like to see the Forest Practices Code streamlined is through
the elimination of the proviso for riparian leave strips along
stream banks.
The Forest Practices Code in BC is being so-called streamlined
because the BC companies are complaining that they're not competitive because of increased costs associated with the regulations. This is an increasing result of globalisation. APEC is just
going to push it farther along those lines. Right now, major forest
companies are drafting a plan to make it no longer necessary to
leave riparian strips, strips of trees along streams that protect
salmon," says Woo.
Innumerable scientific studies demonstrate that leaving 10
metre buffer zones of woodland along streambanks, or "riparian
strips," mitigates many of the destructive effects of clearcutting.
Removal of these strips results in greater siltation of gravel
spawning beds, for example, through upsetting the natural regulation of stream discharge interfering with the salmon using the
lakebed to spawn.
But on November 2 5,18 of the world's leaders will meet at the
Museum of Anthropology and talk economics, and not the envi-
roment while outside, the Fraser River spills into the ocean below
the North Shore Mountains. There will not be a gas mask in
sight ♦
ArufyBarnarn is a Mrdyear science student
cmd ajfequent contributor
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The case against APEC
by Aiyanas Ormond
Ah, those so-called Asian values indude human rights
by Nicole Capler
A couple of weeks ago in the Globe and Mail there was
an article, in the news section, about President Suharto
of Indonesia and what a great leader he is. The news
article neglected to mention the genocide in East Timor
and other such nastiness that is to the credit of Suharto.
Even more offensive than that blatant omission was the
worst statement I have yet seen printed by our country's
newspapers: the article stated that Suharto had an
unwritten social contract with the people of his country
who were willing to give up their human rights and
democracy for the sake of economic growth. Ah, those
honourable so-called Asian Values.
The scary thing about this is that Canada is buying
into and promoting this racist crap in order to trade
with these countries so that we can be one of the big
boys. In Nazi Germany, new values were adopted for the
sake of the economy too. Maybe as our freedoms are
taken away from us, such as our freedom to peacefully
protest and strike, and we are told to accept the notion
that people don't mind being tortured and killed, there
will be a rhetoric of New Canadian Values.
Taken down to the level of UBC, we can see some
very ugly behaviours being engaged in to be part of this
big APEC thing about which so very few people know
anything (the Sun tried to call it an economic festival-
thanks for the info). Here's an example: At an exhibit on
Tibet last winter at the Museum of Anthropology, staff
were dismayed that while the display included a statement by Ziang Zemin, President of China (the country
that is occupying Tibet and destroying its inhabitants),
the director ofthe museum would not allow a statement
sent in by the Dalai Lama (leader of the Tibetan government in exile) to be displayed, on the grounds that it
would be too political.
The first questionable action regarding APEC on
campus was taken by past-president Strangway, a.k.a.
Corporate Dick, who invited the Leaders' Meeting to
campus, with all its major, major repercussions, without consulting anyone. And now the rights of students to
protests and their freedoms are being taken away by the
RCMP and the justice system under the complicit
administration's watchful eyes.
This is just the time for enacting the checks and balances we have on the misguided and greedy administration. One of these takes the form ofthe students elected to sit on the Board of Governors (BoG). And when the
issue of APEC was brought there (after the deal was
already made), the two student representatives voted
against having it on campus. The other check is the
AMS, which has independent status for the adniinistration, which basically means they have a lot of power to
keep the aclministration in line when it comes to issues
that affect students.
But the AMS did not back up the reps to the BoG by
swiitiy and strongly taking a stand against hosting APEC.
This is a scandal. How could this be? Well, the APEC people thrive on greed and ignorance (especially in people
with power), and know how to play it They got Jenny
Chen, an executive on the AMS, to work for them as a
coordinator of student volunteers. Jenny finally fessed
up to council about her role with APEC after the secret
got out.
Concerned and outraged students, under the auspices of APEC Alert, tried to help the AMS use their
power properly. They gave the AMS executive and council members information, explained the problems with
the undemocratic process of APEC, and with having
leaders such as Suharto and Zemin come to campus.
They reminded the AMS of their role to represent students' concerns. Members of APEC Alert bored themselves to tears at the AMS council meetings and as a
result a motion was passed to uphold values of human
rights (something vague and mushy). A majority also
voted in favor of a motion to oppose APEC on campus,
however to pass it needed two-thirds. Jenny and Shirin
[Foroutan], also an AMS executive, gave speeches in
favour of APEC coming to campus and of its "great
opportunities" and "constructive engagement" and
voted against the motion. APEC Alert tried to bring
another motion to council this fall after Shirin stated in
a public forum that she would be opposed to APEC coming to campus if there would be riot police and snipers
around, but somehow it was not put on the agenda for
council.
The Faculty Association also decided not to take a
stand, with the reasoning that it was not a campus issue.
Perhaps they were unaware that their students would be
arrested. Perhaps they were unaware that APEC's agenda in regards to education calls for the privatisation of
public institutions and the end of liberal arts education—or they don't believe in the value of what they
teach and research. Did they think it would just go away
if they didn't deal with it?
Although the rest of campus, including all the unions
and the GSS, voted against APEC coming to campus,
without the support ofthe AMS and Faculty Association,
it was impossible to get the meeting relocated. So APEC
Alert was faced with the "opportunity* of taking on the
monumental task of educating the campus body about
APEC through leaflets, posters, panel discussions, open
forums, and acts of protest Support for APEC-Alert has
come from the GSS and other universities, such as SFU,
Langara and UVIC, and the Canadian Federation of
Students, and from universities all over Canada, all
shocked that the AMS did not use its power to counter
the administration, nor even make a statement in support of the students who got arrested for protesting.
By not taking a stand, the AMS and Faculty
Association are supporting the adniinistration, and not
representing those whom they are supposed to. They
are abusing their power. By not taking a stand, they have
allowed students to be put in jail for peaceful protest
They did not use their power while they still could, to
prevent such things, but now at the very least, even if
just to save face, they should support students who are,
and will be, exercising their freedoms. If the AMS and
the Faculty Association, who exist to represent us, refuse
to do so, our unwritten contract to respect them will be
null and void.
At the level of the university, APEC has brought out
the abuse of power...Think About It-»>
Nicole Capler is a
UBC alumni and a member of APEC Alert
APEC Alert has never pretended to
represent all UBC students. There is
no membership, no party line, no
dress code. APEC Alert is an open
forum wherein students can express
their many strong concerns about
the November 25th Leaders
Surnniit on Campus and the broader
agenda that APEC represents in a
creative and collected way. In doing
so we've been challenged for postering, painting the "APEC Free Zone"
and also for our arguments, ideas
and alternatives. This dialogue, so
long as it is honest and mutually
respectful, is more than welcome, hi
fact an atmosphere in which students challenge each other on their
ideas, debate vital social and political
questions and at least discuss (if not
push) the boundaries of expression,
public versus private property and
collective action is exactly the kind of
environment that should prevail on
a University campus. I hope that
these issues continue to be
addressed after APEC has come and
gone. But in the last few days leading
up to the summit I would like to
focus the debate on APEC itself.
The concerns that I and others in
APEC Alert have with the APEC
world view and the summit itself
have been fairly well documented in
these pages and elsewhere. They
begin with a rejection of trade and
investment liberalisation as a way to
promote a future which is sustainable, democratic, egalitarian and
empowering, the kind of world we
would like to live in. Our criticisms
extend to APEC extension of a mass
consumerist model where everything including people, lifestyles and
culture have to be marketed, bought
and sold to be recognised as valuable. We've even pointed out how
APEC refuses to address human
rights or environmental concerns
and excludes and undermines alternative economic and social models.
We've come to these conclusions
based on a very close examination of
APEC's history, policies and players.
All the evidence can't be laid out in
this short article but I would suggest
that as litmus test we take a look at
exactly how APEC operates as an
organisation, the assumption being
that this should give us some
insights into the fundamental
motives and agendas of the participants.
My argument is basically that
APEC suppresses dissenting voices
and pretends that people marginalised and negatively impacted by its
policies don't exist At both the last
APEC summit in Manila and this
year in Canada visitors wishing to
attend counter-conferences have
been denies visas. This year in particular a number of student leaders
from the Philippines and other delegates to the conference organised by
NO! to APEC have been denied entry
to the country without any justificar
tion. Moreover, critics of APEC have
been met with arrests, intimidation
and threats both at UBC and elsewhere. The arrests of students has
been fairly widely discussed; less
well known is the fact that activists
planning peaceful political protest
have been called, questioned and
threatened by police in both publicly
and privately. One prominent east
Vancouver activist was taken for a
ride by secret service agents and told
that people like himself could be
detained without charges during
conferences     like     this     one.
Considering that all parties concerned have stated their comniit-
ment to peaceful protest, what exactly is being protected here? In fact,
what's happening is that certain
leaders are being protected from
"embarrassment" and the whole
process is being shielded from public scrutiny and debate.
While APEC stresses some
aspects of economics and trade the
main players don't even want to see
the negative impacts of capital
mobility, slashed social spending
and fiscal austerity. In Manila last
year 60,000 homes were demolished in building a highway between
the Manila airport and the secluded
resort setting of the summit with no
compensation to the hundreds of
thousands of people they sheltered.
Moreover, the conference organisers erected walls along the highway
so that delegates would not have to
be exposed to the massive poverty
they were passing through.
We've seen a continuation of this
process this year in Vancouver's
Downtown Eastside, Canada's lowest income community. Police presence in the area has vastly increased
and residents are being driven off
the streets through increased crackdowns and arrests for minor offenses and ticketing for things like jaywalking, laws the police admit aren't
enforced in the rest of the city. The
parallels between Manila and
Vancouver aren't accidental. Rather
than look at the serious problems
created by increased unemployment
and   underem- _ _
p 1 oy m e n t, "*J
forced urbanisa- argument
tion through the °
degradation of IS basically
the natural envi- *.|_—* *nrr
ronment     and      that APEC
traditional ways  SUDDreSSGS
of life, and the       ,.        ^.,
resulting cycle of    QlSSCnung
poverty       and VOJCeS
hopelessness,
APEC focuses on macro-economic
factors, growth indicators and private profits; logical, tidy, unambiguous—nothing like the real world.
Give these attitudes, what kind of
world can we expect APEC to promote? It's an important question
given that eleven ofthe most powerful players in the region are involved
in an promoting this organisation.
Well, it's a world where things are
only valued in terms of economics
and profitability; where business
interests are synonymous with
national interests; where marginalised people are ignored or blamed
for their situation; where a few people maintain control of rapidly
depleting world resources through
the use of coercive media and advertising, ideology and brute force.
This is addressed to people with
other visions. These visions might
be quite diverse but share certain
fundamental concerns for the common good, for some kind of equality
and social justice, for the environment and the future of the planet If
these are things that we value then
we need to push for structures and
organisations that take those values
as the premise for trade. APEC takes
the opposite view. Trade is seen as
good in and of itself rather than in
terms of who gains and who loses.
As far as I am concerned this is just
plain backwards. APEC cannot be
reformed. Refuse it-*>
Aiyanas Ormond is a third
year Economics and
a member of APEC Alert AEEC
Corporate agenda theory smacks of socjaism
by Jerome Yau
The controversies surrounding the upcoming
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC)
will come to the peak when leaders of the 18
member economies will come to UBC to attend
the APEC leader's meeting on November 25.
Since September, students have been bombarded with anti-APEC messages in and around campus. LInfortunately, those Anti-APEC messages
are often ill conceived and misleading. As a supporter of free trade and believer in pragmatism, I
felt compelled to refute the myths perpetuated by
APEC Alert and to examine the issue from a
broader perspective.
Before arguing my case, I would like to take a
moment to criticise the action taken by APEC-
Alert in protesting APEC in campus. While I support their rights to express their opinions, I find it
disgusting that members ofthe APEC Alert tried
to promote their agenda by engaging in acts of
vandalism and tried to justify their actions in the
name of free speech.
Yes, they have the right to free speech but that
does not mean they can break the law. For example, free speech does not give anybody the right to
spray-paint the pavements of the Koerner Plaza
nor trespass on private property and vandalise
the windows ofthe Norman Mackenzie House.
The reason I support APEC is very simple:
APEC promotes free trade. Critics charged that
the free trade agenda is "anti-people." Well, have
these critics ever provided a compelling case that
there is a cause and effect relationship between
free trade and exploitation? No. They could not
because there is no such relationship. Conversely,
free trade has always been a source of prosperity.
Free trade is worth our support because it
allows trade, investment and other business activities to be conducted without undue government
interference. Many economists have long identified that excessive government regulations would
you hurt the economy and hence affect the livelihood of ordinary citizens. Moreover, free trade
means free exchange of ideas which is something
that trade protectionism cannot achieve. In the
There are
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November 26,1997.
words of Milton Friedman, a renowned economist and Nobel Prize winner: "Underlying most
arguments against the free market is a lack of
belief in freedom itself."
Free trade means a prudent economic policy.
The many economic problems that we have seen
or experienced are not due to trade liberalisation
but rather excessive government interference
and trade protectionism. In a leading article
appeared on the August 23 issue of The
Economist the leaders rightly pointed out that
"the biggest economic-policy mistake of the past
50 years, in rich and poor countries alike, has
been and still is to expect too much government"
Apart from such a resounding comment critics ofthe free trade ideology have tried to mislead
the public by daiming job looses and factories
close down since the implementation of FTA and
NAFTA. However, they conveniently forgot that
there are new opportunities in the export sector
and that consumers have benefited from cheaper
goods. The reason why some people oppose free
trade and in particular APEC is that they feared
competition and their self-serving interests would
be diminished.
The accusation of corporate greed or corporate agenda is so absurd lhat does not warrant
any serious consideration. Perhaps these people
are still obsessed with communism or socialism.
If this is the case, my advice to them is to read the
works of Sir Winston Churchill: "The virtue of
Socialism is the equal sharing of miseries."
Politically, APEC is a good way to engage leaders ofthe Asia-Pacific region in spite the fact there
are human rights violations in some Asia-Pacific
countries. Although human rights values are universal, they have to be applied in a practical manner to achieve the best possible results. In
"Outrage Is Not a Policy" that appeared in the
November 10 issue of aVevvsweel:, Henry
Kissinger, the former US Secretary of State argued
eloquently that "[a] deliberately policy of isolating
and weakening China-which is what the protesters and much of the TV media seems to be
demandingwould be a fateful enterprise.'
The words of Mr. Kissinger are profound. It is
simply unrealistic and naive to think
isolating China would bring any
improvements to the Chinese people.
From a historical perspective, it is clear
that China is improving and she begins
to play by the international rules. For
example, China has recently signed the
International Convent on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights which is a
step forward in bringing China closer to
international human rights standards.
Critics of APEC have been charging
that human rights issues are ignored in
the APEC agenda. Unfortunately, these
people must have forgotten that APEC
is an economic organisation You are
not going to discuss human rights
issues in the meeting of World Trade
Organisation, World Bank or IMF, are
you? It is not a matter of deliberately
divorcing trade from human rights
issues but rather a practical way to deal
with the complex realities.
With respect to human rights,
APEC Alert has been arguing that the
Chinese President, Jiang Zemin is
responsible    for the Mlings in the
Tiananment Square. However, this is
simply unfair to Mr. Jiang. During the
incident Mr. Jiang was not in Beijing
and he was the major of Shanghai. There was no
killing in Shanghai and he should not be held
responsible for the killings in Beijing. Moreover,
Mr. Jiang like Mikhail Gorbachev, is a reformer
and there is simply no reason to isolate a
reformer.
Furthermore, engagement has been proved
an effective strategy in terms of global security.
Larry Eagleburger, the former US Secretary of
State has recently commented in a CNN program:
"In China, a long history of engagement starting
with the Shanghai Communique, has, in fact, I
would argue, substantially changed China already
and it will continue to change."
On the other hand, engagement does not
mean we have to agree to human rights abuses.
APEC, shrimp and capitafism
by Victoria Scott
Q A11 ftdiaJafly Evil CapUvb
QA Pe**%&rfert9i
limn.
Carton
m-
-Victoria Scott is an APEC Alert member
and a grad student
Madeleine Albright, the US Secretary of State
pointed out that "engagement is not the same as
endorsement" While Ms. Albright was talking
about the Sino-US relationship, her words are
equally valid in terms of our relationship with
China or other member economies ofthe APEC.
Human rights and democracy take time to
develop and the best way to achieve these goals is
through stability and cooperation. Isolating countries like China will do nobody good and it wiE
work against the interests of Canada and
Canadians. In short, I would like to borrow the
words of former British Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher to sum up this article: "Free enterprise
and competition are the engines of prosperity."
-Jexowe Yau is a Sjunhyear arts student
and a legator contributor to theUbysBey
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NlNGULS
at Arts Club
Nov. 15-22
Theatre
by Mito Tadano
Dancing, Taiko drumming,
movement based performance,
and acting. These are some of
the ingredients that went into a
special performance on
Saturday night by Japan's X.
Furano Natural Studio.
Furano is a multi-talented
theater group currently on tour
in Canada. The passionate acting and unique production
earned them a standing ovation at the end of their performance of Ninguls and a place
in many Vancouverites memo-'
ries.
The play explores environmental issues about forestry
and  commercialisation  that
face a small farming community. The story is easily transferable to a Canadian setting. Ninguls
showed us how greed makes people
blind to nature and questioned the
rush to modernise and make a profit at
all costs.
A community elder suggests looking back to the old
ways to solve current problems, "why don't we go back to
the past a little bit," he says "it will be a little inconvenient, but we were happy enough."
The play is about a farming community that is facing
poverty, so the community reluctantly decides to cut
down the old forest surrounding them so that they can
extend their farming land and feed and clothe their families.
The title of the play is taken from an old legend;
Ninguls, according to the legend, are small six inch-size
humans hving in the forest. It is the Ninguls who provide
the villagers with the warning of the dangers in cutting
down the forest.
Skampo, a mute girl in the farming community, unexpectedly meets Ninguls and finds that she is the only one
who can communicate with them.
The Ninguls tell her, "If you cut the trees, your village
will be punished."
In the beginning of the show, there was a dance scene
with Taiko drumming. During this sequence about twenty cast members begin to stomp and slap their bodies in
rhythm to the druniming, using their own body as a percussive instrument. This scene turns out to be a community celebration of a local wedding. This somewhat reminded
me of Stomp.
The set was really simple,
the majority of which was created using props carried by the
actors or the bodies of the
actors themselves. The effect
worked well because it forced
the audience to use their imagination and keep their focus on
the actors themselves.
This is not a dialogue driven
play.
Although Ninguls was performed in Japanese, most ofthe
story is relayed through movement and music.
A translation board was
hung at the front of the stage to
the audience in understanding
hen the actors spoke in Japanese,
metimes, the translation seemed
be too abstract for the non-
anese speaking audience. Where
occurred the actors compensated by
repeating the same idea several times.
While watching the play I wondered whether the
Canadian audiences recognised that the farmers were
hanging a mosquito coil from their waists to drive
away annoying mosquitoes while they were scattering
rice seeds. I worried that elements specific to
Japanese culture may have been lost to the Canadian
audience.
The play ended with the entire cast drumming on logs.
The noise of this effect was incredible, and I wondered if
the audience left the theater hard of hearing. The drumming sounded to me as if the voices ofthe trees were saying, "we are speaking this loudly, you humans just go
ahead and try not to listen."
The Furano Natural Studio has produced a play that
addresses environmental issues as well as moral ones
without sounding preachy or condescending. The powerful acting, dancing and drumming must have attracted and entertained many across Canada. ♦
television Commercials of Asia Paohc
at Granville Cinemas
November 19
By Jaime Tong
You could call it ironic, a movie theatre as the venue for a two
hour screening of TV conamerdals. Yes, irony is a good word !
to describe the screening of the Television Gommercials of
Asia Pacific.
Some of the best TV commercials from twelve Asian Pacific
countries were selected as a part ofthe cultural events organised in association with the aAPEC conference. The result was a
humourous, thought provoking, and sometimes shocking
compilation, which acted as a window to Asia's pop culture.
Many of the commeipals were reflective of the role and
position women occupy in. these countries. Not surprisingly,
many of the women were depicted as working in the home
ironing the laundiy, as passive observers, cheering on their
man, or as mere objects wearing tight shirts and holding a gas
station pump.
Hong Kong was one country which placed women in active
roles in the real world; they were the 'natural born shoppers*
ctatehing fists full of gold cards.
There were also several blunt public service announcements; many of them were Australian productions. Drunk driving was a popular topic, but others such as child prostitution
and one or two environmental ones were just as powerfully
rendered. Whereas the co*o*irnercials selling a product incorporated music, swaniy characters, and humour, the public
service announcements were painfully simple, sometimes
foregoing sound completehv so that the image could speak for
itself.
The mmmercials 60m India were most entertaining and,
because ofthe contradictions wMc» this grouping, were quite
thought provoking. Each commettM was like a mini action
musical: there was a hero, who was always male, his antagt*
rust a love interest lots of fighting, singing, and impossible
stunts while the women watched from the sidelines.
There were also two refreshing commercials that depicted
independent women. One was an ad for a new women's magazine which opens with a letter from a boyfriend to his fiance
telling her that his parents do not approve of their marriage
plans. The ad then cuts to the present and the couple is happily married and has had & child. Another commercial bad a
woman in her twenties knocking on her male neighbour's
door, mtrodudrig herseff/and theiastog if he has any Pepsi
■ WevM«ComB»raA
diffbfeat cutoffes and smreA'tepmdaA as that despite the tango-age barriers, we ail can ne awaipidated or brainwsehed by
advertisements and me consaawasm fiiey stem from. ♦
133 Faculty of Arts
UBC Killam Teaching Prizes
Once again, the University is recognizing excellence in teaching through
the awarding of prizes to faculty members. Five (5) prize winners will be
selected in the Faculty of Arts for 1998.
Eligibility: Eligibility is open to faculty who have three or more years of
teaching at UBC. The three years include 1997-98.
Criteria: The awards will recognize distinguished teaching at all levels;
introductory, advanced, graduate courses, graduate supervision, and any
combination of levels.
Nomination Process: Members of faculty, students or alumni may suggest
candidates to the Head of the Department, the Director of the School, or
Chair of the Program in which the nominee teaches. These suggestions
should be in writing and signed by one or more students, alumni or faculty, and they should include a very brief statement of the basis for the nomination. You may write a letter of nomination or pick up a form from the
Office of the Dean, Faculty of Arts in Buchanan B130.
Deadline: 4:00pm on January 26,1998. Submit nominations to tbe Department, School or
Program Office in which tbe nominee teaches.
Winners will be announced in the Spring, and they will be identified as well
during Spring convocation in May. For further information about these
awards, contact either your Department, School or Program office, or
Dr. Errd Durbach, Associate Dean of Arts at (604)-822-6703.
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Q.
;|pEJEc| sjajjn$ - je 6u|^ns . jseoq ppg am uo (Bumped) 6u|6ey , s^sajojuie.. leoido-u aw q6noJifl Bu^eM^ng . sXej pjuelu ' APEC
laven't   ^	
you teen numhed       \
hy civilisation?
Winch is more important,
oil or-water?
lick is more important, your
' car or your feet?
Which is more important, Knowledge
or wisdorn?
Which is more important, words or
action?
Which is more important, criticism or
creativity?
Haven't you forj-|otten what it. s like to
he deeply moved?
After all, aren't you basking in
good life?
Fuirano Natural Studio Creed
By Mi to Tadano
Soh Kuramoto is a man who believes that it is not too late to
return to a simpler life. He believes that people can still be
touched by simple things. This seems odd coming from a man
who has spent the majority of his life chasing fame and fortune.
Kuramoto is a well-known screenwriter and playwright
from Japan, who has written over 1000 scripts for TV dramas
and film and won several awards, most recently the
Montblanc Cultural Award for his international artistic contributions. He is also the founder and artistic director of the
Furano Natural Studio.
The Furano Natural Studio has been invited by APEC to represent Japanese contemporary theatre. The Furano Natural
Studio has come to Canada to showcase two of the theatre
school's most recent productions: Ninguls and Kanashibetsu.
Kuramoto founded the studio in 1984 after a very successful career as a screenwriter and playwright. He found that he
had lost sight of what theatre is all about Kuramoto wanted to
give actors an opportunity to obtain classical theatre training,
produce professional quality shows, and maintain fiscal and
artistic autonomy.
He wanted all this and he wanted his students to contribute
to the farming community that he hoped would financially
support the school.
"After a few shows of Kita no Kuni Kara [From the North
Country] a lot of people wrote me letters saying 'Can I come to
Hokkaido?' or 'Is it possible to live over there and study to
become an actor or a writer?' So I thought I should do some-
Normally theatre schools
seem to require a lot of
money, but at the Furano
Natural Studio the only thing
his students need is talent.
Kuramoto respects this basic
principle, which is often
ignored in modern societies.
Sound too good to be
true? It isn't. Kuramoto's
school has done something
that most theatre companies only dream of: he has
successfully created a totally autonomous and self-sustaining
institution. The school is located in the
rural countryside of Hokkaido, where
most of Japan's dairy products are pro-
SOH KURAMOTO laughs with his students at the Furano Natural Studio.
"Canada is closely related to Pacific Rim because of
forestry issues and we [Japan] have mining communities
that are losing jobs and so does Canada," said Kuramoto.
The two plays that will be performed in Vancouver,
Ninguls and Kanashibetsu, are,especially suitable for West
Coast audiences.
Ninguls is a story about the cutting down "of a forest. And
t ':£-':ifbne in ®veti$ thirty apfpttonfe gate neato
'tlie school.. But 0 dtent dsk fcm to Mong
j./jpity -m>ney.:Ther@ is eh® appfai®Gi] fe, mi®
'enffdh&'fee and n@ toaitaf7
duced. Furano, the town the school is
named after, is especially famous for
lavender farming.
a twmfale iu
FOUNDER OF FURANO NATURAL 3TUOI©
Kanashibetsu is about a Japanese inining community and
the people who are lose their jobs when a mine is shut down.
"..It's just a drama. We are not doing a propaganda play, but
yes the environment is our focus," explained Kuramoto.
The transportation and funding were a bit of a crisis for
the group, "It was huge expense to bring 41 people to
Canada," said Kuramoto. Though the group was invited by
APEC, they are not getting paid for their performances, nor
are they accepting any funding from the organisation.
Despite difficulties with transportation, language, and
finances, the group has performed so far in Edmonton,
Toronto, and Halifax. The audience has varied from venue to
venue and from city to city. Most of the audience were
seniors in Edmonton and Halifax, and in Toronto it was
mainly young people who went to the shows. So far there
haven't been many Japanese Canadians going to the shows
but Kuramoto is hoping that in Vancouver this will change.
"This is [the dramas are] for everybody...We are more
interested in how foreigners respond than the Japanese
since we are doing this in a foreign country," said
Kuramoto.^
thing for those people," said Kuromoto.
And he did. He started a revolution in Japan's theatre community. The school is demanding both mentally and physically. During the two years that they train, the students are expected to till the land, grow their own crops, build their own home
and rehearsal studio and, of course, create professional theatrical productions on a very tight budget A very tight budget.
Kuramoto has to find a way to feed every person involved with
the school on about four dollars per person a day. He has done
that and managed to create successful elaborate stage productions.
However, Kuramoto is humble about the school he founded.
"It's just a school. I myself own this school. Every year,
applicants from all over Japan compete to get into this school.
One in every thirty applicants gets into the school. But, I don't
ask them to bring any money. There is no application fee, no
entrance fee and no tuition."
"They [the students] are encouraged to
support their lives by doing agriculture
work...Students help farming people in
our community when it's a busy season.
We work in cooperation with NOKYO (an
Agricultural Co-operative Organisation)."
Kuramoto has been to Canada before.
In fact, he comes every year to visit
friends on an Indian reserve in the
Queen Charlottes. It was after his first
visit to Canada that Kuramoto realised
how much the two countries have in
common.
:Ji||it;
/.:lv/?;i.„j|lfcl:
ANOTHER REWARD
OF HIGHER EDUCATION
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