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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 8, 1996

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Array now and then
The Ubyssey celebrates Remembrance Day by looking
forward and back at war in our time
remembering since 1918
Let's make a deal
Despite an image as
the global nice-guy,
Canada sells not-so-nice things
to desperate countries*
And although the Minister of
Foreign Affairs wants to tighten
arms export regulations,
sales are likely to continue.
by Paul Champ,    ■,J^M&&&a&msw®,a&&i
Lieutenant-General Qian Shugen, depute
al staff of the People's Libera
Canada last week, as,|||^^i|p!|e§aS61i»semor
. military bases
visiteo|^^RilB^lech Canadian companies Which companies were visited and what—if anything—the Chinese
bought is hush-hush. Ottawa says it's to protect commercial
Although the Chinese delegation included leaders from
the same army that murdered thousands of students in
Tiananmen Square, the Canadian government made no
apologies. "No one has changed their opinion of what happened in Tiananmen Square," said Defence Minister Doug
Young "but people unfortunately have got to come to grips
with the fact that life goes on."
What Young did not say is that promoting military goods
to China and other Pacific Rim countries has become a government priority. Sales in traditional markets like Europe
and the United States have been shrinking since the end of
the Cold War. According to the federal government's Export
of Military Goods from Canada annual reports, combined
military shipments to Europe in the last three years were
$341 million, well short ofthe one-year sales peak of $441
rnilhon in 1987 (in constant 1995 dollars). There is no good
measure to determine how much sales to the US have
dropped since Canada does not monitor military goods heading over the American border due to US-Canada Defence
Production Sharing Arrangements. However, US military
spending has fallen off since 1992 and Canadian coppanies
are almost certainly among those feeling the pinch.
In response,  a Canadian export strategy
released in 1995 promises "unique export
Canadian companies selling del
markets in the Asia-Pacific and Midi
Another document from Supply and Serves, <
year explains why: *p|be major area of
over the next few years Js^xpeOd to bg
where it is predicted mi,h.irv «pendf
Western Europe and equal iwu-LLuidt.
These documents were brought to
disarmament organisation Project Plo
1996 Ploughshares Monitor reports that explosive coonoHJr
ic growth in south-east Asia combined with a lack of W08&
al security agreements has sparked a new arms race that
military companies everywhere are rushing to cash in on.
Does the Canadian government care at all to whom
it sells bombs, rockets, missiles and other nasty
things? On the surface, yes. Canadian military sales to
every country but the US require an export permit ¥m
the last two years, sales to those countries hfy$ Covered around $S00-milhon annually
ment's own current export control policy
claim to restrict the sale of items to human rights vio-s
lators "unless it can be demonstrated that
reasonable risk that the goods might^r;
the civilian population.* ,., p>^'-^> -">"" -'•;-'
Project Ploughshares -w§&^10$&& expert Km
Epps says the problem is a^:«^e ire just guide|aes,;:
not laws. Whalvs worse, he 8$$ is feat,^aif^'3ra£
out how mat 'reasonable risk' its assessed. -.      } . i
outside of public
Epps "What does or doesn't go through? None
lable for the pubic to look at or even for Pajshament to
?lookat* ,-'•'■''- _ ;^|;,       , ^
s   When a Canadiaft company -V -
wants to sm^ grenades to
'GtotfaQQ^^W missiles to
MdayifMtfApplies for an
export JHMttit Department of
Foreign Affairs spokesperson
Charles Larabie says the
request is then passed
through the hands of several
bureaucrats in the departments of Foreign Affairs,
Defence and Industry Canada.
The officials are supposed to
investigate how the equipment is likely to be used in the
buyer country. If they give the
permit a pass, it goes to the
desk of Foreign Affairs
Minister Lloyd Axworthy for
final approval.
But this process has come under lire from groups like
Amnesty International. Amnesty spokesperson John
Tackaberry says the organisation attacked last year's proposed sale of 63 CF-5 fighter aircraft to Turkey. The sale
received a permit despite the Turkish government's widely-
reported willingness to bomb their Kurdish minority'. After
public protests, the deal was dropped
The Canadian government has also has trouble control-
j*^bw»s"«*dbi equipment ends up Ottawa was emha^'
% W&#®& ,wbf» tfoe American government revealed that Iraip
'" "^atf-Wir armaments included the Canadian-made Elsie
duced in Montreal by SNC. Industries;
Collenette expkiDted the
iS.it* 1987, who may
But Epps at Project Ploughshares is still sceptical. "There
has been no substantive change to tbe export control guidelines," he says. He points out that the current guidelines
were written in 1986, when security considerations were
dramatically different. While Ploughshares welcomes
Axworthy's desire for stricter application of the existing
guidelines, Jifeey atfe calling for new guidelines "and an over-
bureaucrats from Foreign Affairs,
are currendy looking at the
need for Hew guMeJises, says Foreign Affairs' Larabie. But
^s^^^^^mrnittee will be re-hashing an area already
Btttdfea* b^jfFferhamentary Standing Committee in 1992.
3$Mt committee, of which Axworthy was a member, recom-
new guidelines for the post-Cold War era,
a possible ban on sales of "sensitive items".
asked if there will likely be new guidelines,
I#tabie sighs, "I suppose anything is possible."
.^iftpps says he will await the figures for Canada's 1996
The decision to buy new or used just got easier.
?>\* ■>.#•»; ¥ fl*w fm (tjwir. #&f$ otto iv****** jMm-y*n>Qttwftw *-"
wt "VflMt JRW!tNPbJPbJ
t and criticism,
export control
.of Commons
icter interpret
'increasing our re^pire-
id user certificates." In the case of Jagidmrnes, a
loratorium on the produrtifflBi^MMMff transfer
was rISclared in January, and Axworthy hos^^i international conference last month to push for a global ban.
THIS TOO could be yours: Ottawa tried to sell 63 CF-5's to Turkey last year. Public pressure forced cancellation of the sale, david thiessen photo
sales before he concludes what effect Axworthy's desire for
more^ stringent controls will have. But whatever the
impfi^^rient, he says, there will still be loopholes. Arms
sakf Wthe US are still not included in official sales figures,
and that can be a blessing for companies seeking controversial buyers. Many Canadian high-tech components and
Jdrcraft engines are installed south of the border and then
re>-sold. While the sale of fighter aircraft to Turkey directly
from Canada was blocked last year, Ploughshares reports
that Canadian companies have profited in the past from
sales of tanks, fighter jets and combat helicopters to Turkey
via their US partners.
And, Epps says, if the sale isn't reported, Canadians
rarely hear of permit approvals. A Freedom of Information
s^f^P^l^y.^ff^^pntanans for East Timor revealed that
.j^Ktonesla last year, despite a personal visit to the country
the Prime Minister as part of bis high-profile Team
Canada trade mission.
The sales to Indonesia may not have happened or may
not have been completed in time to show up in 1995 figures, but permits were approved. That, says Epps, demonstrates where the government's intentions really he. jf 2   THE UBYSSEYNOVEMBER 8, 1996
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Ubyssey Classifieds
Canada Post Publication Sales
Agreement Number 0732141
Annual Review "not worth the money"
by Douglas Quan
B&C List continues to be a huge headache for
UBC and the Agricultural Undergraduate
The AgUS executive is in its second year of
a four-year contract with the publishing and
promotion company to publish the Annual
Review, which bills itself as a resource guide
for first year students.
Since the January publication of last year's
Review, however, the AgUS has been trying to
get out of the contract which a previous AgUS
president signed without council approval, and
with the understanding that they could withdraw from the four-year contract on a yearly
"I'm getting a little fed up with it, and I just
want to get it resolved," said current AgUS
president, Dave Geros.
Even though AgUS stands to earn at least
$5000 each year for sponsoring and co-editing
the Review, "it is just not worth the money," he
B&C List do the majority of the preparation
of the Review, compiling the information, editing and designing the publication and selling
"They make a lot of money by selling the
advertising," he added. "[The $5000] is nothing compared to what they're making off it,"
said Grecos.
"We're just not happy with the way they do
business. They're kind of underhanded about
it, and they solicit business on false pretenses,
we feel."
Within the last week, the AgUS executive
learned that B&C List has been sending letters
to potential advertisers for the 96-97 Review
stating that the readership is 40,000 when
B&C List said it would only be giving them
10,000 copies to distribute.
As The Ubyssey reported in February, many
complaints surfaced regarding the quality of
the 95-96 Review, and dubious sales tactics
used by B&C List telemarketers to sell advertising in the publication.
Furthermore, B&C List did not get approval
from UBC to use the official university logo on
the Review's cover.
"[Placingtiie UBC logo on the cover] has the
propensity to mislead, so that people think it is
some kind of official calendar which it is not,"
said UBC's vice president of academic and
legal affairs, Dermis
Pavlich said the
company's failure
to get permission
to use the UBC
logo may be part of
a larger law suit
the university is
strongly  consider
ing against B&C List.
Last year, UBC became the firsi major
Canadian university to sell advertising in its
calendar and turned to B&C List to help them
to do it.
In February, assistant registrar, Angela
Runnals, told The Ubyssey that the university
received $20,000 in ad revenue, about 20 percent of the publishing costs
Pavlich now says that the university is
claiming a recovery of money from B&C List.
"There was a contract. They owe us mone}-.
They haven't paid. So that's what we're going
to sue for," said Pavlich.
UBC discontinued its relationship with the
company after one year when allegations surfaced that B&C List telemarketers were posing
as UBC volunteers, and misleading contributors to believe they were making donations,
not purchasing ad space.
B&C List had not returned calls from The
Ubysseyhy press time.
Aboriginal veterans
invest in education
by Neal Razzell
Students, senators and soldiers gave a $1.15
million boost to post-secondary education
Monday, one of two new projects honouring
Aboriginal veterans on Veteran's Week.
The $1.15 million Aboriginal Veterans
Scholarship Trust will be open to all Aboriginal
post-secondary students, including Status and
Non-Status Indians, Inuit and Metis.
At a ceremony in Vancouver's Aboriginal
Friendship Centre, Liberal MP Anna Teranna
called the scholarship a living memorial.
"Investment in education is the greatest
investment a government can make," she said.
"We know that education opens the mind to
new ideas, and that it opens doors to new
opportunities and a better quality of life."
Since the Liberals took office in 1993,
tuition in Canada has risen 38 percent. But
First Nations groups
said culture, not
money, poses the
greatest barrier to
higher education
for Native Canadians.
Namaste Marsden, a Native Studies graduate from Trent University, said "even just from
high school, let alone higher education, it's a
different cultural approach to learning." The
alien environment, she said, caused many of
her Native peers to drop out.
At UBC's First Nations House of Learning,
Director Jo-arm Archibald said the scholarship
will help Aboriginal students attend university;
but once there, racism can drive them from the
Still, the scholarship "will give Aboriginal
students in need a chance to receive assistance
/MsmxXB.W(mt: Donovan Keuhn (left) helps Steve Brown and
Sara Ralph cast their ballots, Thursday afternoon.
the result 49% voted against a ward system, richard iam photo
to further their education," said Penny
Kerrigan, national Aboriginal representative
for the Canadian Federation of Students.
And that is no small number. Some 400
Natives study at UBC; 3000 province-wide, BC
Director General of the Ministry of Indian and
Northern Affairs John Watson told The
"Over half of Canada's Native population is
under the age of 24," he said. Almost half of
them are not in school.
But even this is an improvement. In 1960,
less than 60 Natives attended post-secondary
institutions in Canada.
SUB 214-216
.*>■..,..«.        4:00-8:00 pm
l?ve bands live b?a features
From heroes to zeroes to heroes
Graduating members ofthe
T-birds football team can have
a hard time adjusting to life
after retirement One moment,
you're the centre of attention,
the next you're the centre of
nowhere, trying to deal with
life without the pigskin.
by Jo-Ann Chiu
heard a story once about a high school player
who moved to the States and got drafted into
the NFL. After one year, however, he was
pumping gas somewhere.
"He was a kicker and I guess he didn't get
the job," says Boreham, "so he got cut."
The player, Boreham adds, eventually
returned to the NFL, though he's not sure
who he was.
The image of the former football player
pumping gas stuck in Boreham's head. Life
after football, it seems, can be like that: One
day you're in the middle of it all and the next,
you're in the middle of nothing.
"You get used to a lifestyle, a way of training, eating and preparing for games every
week," says UBC football coach Casey Smith.
"Then all of a sudden when that isn't there
anymore, there is a different feeling... I think
the first year out is
the hardest, because
you miss it."
Casey says he
remembers sitting in
the stands after he
retired, watching the
games, wishing he
could be playing.
"There's a kind of
love of the game," he
says, "and it's hard
to walk away."
Boreham agrees.
"I know I'll miss
it," he says. "I'll just
miss the game, the
fun of playing. That's
probably about it."
season by back-up rookie Shawn Olsen.
The week after losing his starting
position, Day contracted a lung infection,
which forced him to stay home for a
week. His absence from practice had
some teammates speculating about his
mysterious disappearance.
"Some people were wondering where
I was," says Day, "but I've always been
there and wanting to play football."
Day is a prime candidate to experience
difficulties adjusting to civilian life.
Ending a varsity career in an unsatisfying manner can leave players with a feeling
of major loss, according to Dr. Barry
McPherson, sports sociologist at Wilfred
Laurier University and co-author of The
Social Significance of Sport.
McPherson points  out that cases like
Day's are quite common.
ment has been in an upward progression:
from elementary school to high school to
junior leagues to university to, hopefully, the
After all, what athlete wouldn't want to elevate their game to the next level?
The dream comes at a cost, however. UBC
Psychology professor Dr. Susan Butt points
out that in the NFL, the average life expectan-
What athlete
wouldn't want
to elevate their
game to the
next level?
When a
varsity career
however, a
part of a
dream dies.
And that
reality can be
difficult to
deal with.
"I DONT KNOW what I'm going to do, but I'll have to find something," says T-Bird
Jason Day as he considers life after football, richard lam photo.
back Jason Day
returned to UBC three
seasons ago, he was
on a roll.
Day had just completed a four-year
stint in junior football with the Surrey
Rams. He had, in fact, pivoted the Rams all
the way to the 1992 Canadian Bowl in
Day started most of the 1993 season at
UBC after first-stringer Adrian Rainbow was
injured in the season opener; he guided the
T-Birds to a much-celebrated Shrum Bowl victory the next week. But when Rainbow recovered, Day was back on the bench and
remained a back-up for the next two seasons.
Despite the frustration, Day stayed with
the team for a fifth year. When the 1996 season began, it seemed as though his persistence had paid off: Day, who turns 26 this
month, was finally named UBC's starting
But, several floaters, missed passes and
freak accidents later, Day was replaced mid-
"I think it does happen quite often,"
he says, "and that's why [players] hang
on for a fifth year, to hopefully get their
But a coach may be willing to go with
a younger guy McPherson adds, if a
season does not start out well. After all,
a younger player represents the future.
But where does that leave the veteran?
Some guys can handle the bench for
a fifth year and others may consider
coaching as a way to pass on their
knowledge and stay involved with the
"Other guys," he adds, "find it very
difficult to deal with and...feel betrayed
in some ways," as if their' whole careers
had been a waste, a long wait for something that never came.
Day says he'll have to adjust to life
after this season is over.
"I don't know specifically what I'm
going to do," he says, "but I'll have to
find something that I'll like doing as much as
Or at least, he adds, something that'll take
up the time football did.
cy of a professional football player is about
56 years, compared to 74 years for an average life expectancy.
"It's clear that for some reason NFL players are at a high risk," she says.
Regardless, when a varsity career ends, a
part of a boyhood dream dies. And that reality can be difficult to deal with.
football—doing what you love and being paid
for it—is a dream every player has contemplated during their varsity career. Both Day
and Boreham agree they would love a
"If somebody wants me to try out for their
football team," says Day, "I'll do it."
The desire to play pro seems only natural.
For most of an athlete's life, their develop-
out McPherson, a former player himself,
adding that much of it depends on how a football player defines himself.
"It depends on whether football has been a
major reason they were at university," he
says. "If they were to be a student first, and to
get an education and have some skills, then...
life can certainly can be as great or better."
If part of growing up is learning to deal
with failure, then the experience, the adjustment process itself, may be beneficial for the
"You have to learn to take failure, to learn
from the setbacks and not expect everything
so perfectly every time," adds Butt
Day agrees.
"People equate football with life," he says
"and there are a lot of ups and downs, but if
you can handle both in the real world, then
maybe I'll be able to move on and get on with
my life."
Ultimately, McPherson points out, hundreds of football players graduate each year
and move on to do better things.
"There are lots of university athletes who ve
been stars and go on to become well-known
doctors, lawyers, business people, newspaper
reporters and have very successful careers."jf
Tuesday November 12
GM Place
7:00 PM
Drop your answer in The
Ubyssey office before Friday
Nov. 8 @ 2:00PM
How many people do landmines kill or maim every week?
Name: _
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Michaels risks her faith
Giller nominee
Anne Michaels pieces
together Holocaust
history into a
"gradual instant"
of causes and their
eventual effect.
by Charlie Cho
'When I write, I want to feel that
something's at stake," says Anne
Michaels, whose debut novel.
Fugitive Pieces, was recently nominated for the Giller Prize—Canada's
highest award for fiction.
Internationally, rights have been
bought in the UK, Germany and
Brazil, with more pending in
France, Greece and Japan.
Fugitive Pieces is a beautiful, poetic and intelligent novel in two parts: the first two-thirds is Jewish-
Polish poet Jakob Beer's account of how Athos
Roussos, a Greek scientist and humanist, saved him
(in every sense) from the Nazis; the latter part is
Jewish-Canadian professor Ben's open letter to Jakob,
whose poetry has had a profound impact on his life.
Michaels spoke with The Ubyssey before her reading at the Frederic Wood Theatre for the Vancouver
International Writers (& Readers) Festival. Sipping
black coffee, she recounted the origins of Fugitive
"I had the beginning and the ending in my mind
even as early as 1980," she said, "but I didn't let
myself begin writing until quite a few years later,
1986, after my first book [her poetry collection The
Weight of Oranges] came out. It's important that the
facts have a chance to ferment, to be absorbed, in
order to try and fathom whatever meaning is hidden
among those facts.
"I did years of reading, years of research, followed
all kinds of strange and stray paths and just let that
material sink into me."
The need for time to deal with history, and life in
general, is crucial to Michaels. Fugitive Pieces, clearly written with a poet's understanding of conciseness
and space, implicitly presents a view of history as
existing all at once—like geological records or like the
words in a book. In a novel in which history is
omnipresent, a continual tension exists between
events and people.
This view of history is what Michaels describes as
that of "the gradual instant."
"In the most simplistic sense, things don't just
"There's nothing
that a man will not
do to another.
But there's also nothing
that a man will not
do for another/'
Athos roussos
in Anne Michaels' Fugitive Pieces
happen. Historical events don't just occur suddenly.
Everything, whether it's a geological event, whether
it's a volcano erupting or a tidal wave, there's been a
buildup of events which causes the ultimate event.
Historical events are the same way, even the most
traumatic ones.
"And yet, the horror is too great, we seem to
respond to them with a kind of helplessness, with a
kind of 'How did it happen?' It's the most common
question, 'How on Earth did this happen?' Well, there
are a lot of reasons why things happen.
"We think that we suddenly rise to an occasion
when the occasion demands it—that human values,
human integrity, these things don't have to be prac-
ANNE MICHAELS wrote Fugitive Piece to come to terms with the history
of humanity's cruelty. Charlie cho photo
ticed, that somehow, when the moment of choice
occurs, that we'll 'do the right thing.' But these things
have to be practiced—human integrity, human values
have to be constantly practiced—so that when the
moment occurs, we'll be able to respond."
Persistent motifs such as geology, history, poetry,
music, language, love and meteorology lodge themselves in the novel's bedrock like granite veins. But
they're more than mere literary devices.
"They are, for me, very deep metaphors. For
example, weather. What's the phrase? 'Everybody
complains about the weather, but nobody does anything about it.' There's a sense of time, of consequence, of accumulation that all these sciences hold.
They're physical. They're real. They're not metaphors
of abstraction. They're metaphors of reality, taken
from reality. And that's important for me."
The second World War is no abstraction either.
For Michaels, it demanded her attention.
"The war was very present. Also, when you think
of it, the whole first half of the century was dominated by war. And so it seemed to make sense to me personally to have some kind of relationship with that
fact, to get at what that means."
Anne Michaels made a huge emotional gamble in
undertaking this project: it was a matter of faith.
"The events of the second World War are so horrific that, as a human being, I felt that my faith—in
the broadest sense of the word 'faith'—was threatened. And so it seemed to me personally very important to try and earn a faith, or try and discover if faith
in humanity is possible after those historical events.
And so, when I started the book, I didn't know
whether in fact I would come out the other side with
any belief at all. And that was a big
risk. I felt that, personally, to be a
very big risk.
"Maybe the book also took a
long time to write because I was
determined to come out the other
side with faith that had been
earned through what I had found
out and not some faith that's
applied or a grid over events."
Fortunately, a bright, optimistic
faith emerged—a physical faith.
"[Jakob] reaches this conclusion
that faith can be found in the body.
He says, 'Who can tell with absolute
certainty the  difference  between
the sounds of those who are in
despair and those who want desperately to believe.' And he sees
that precise moment of struggle as
proof that there's a faith in matter,
in physical matter—almost a blunt, pragmatic faith."
Despite her faith in the human ability to survive,
Michaels is not blind to the human ability to be cruel
to each other. In a passage that captures the essence
of Fugitive Pieces, Athos says, "There's nothing that
a man will not do to another. But there's also nothing  that a man will  not do  for  another."  But
Michaels' thoughts are even more profound—and
"We forget the power of the small act of love. We
forget how powerful that is. Often, we feel hopeless in
the face of history, in the face of economics, in the
face of these large forces, but really the small individual act can be incredibly powerful."V FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1996
inbreeding makes three from
by Andrea Gin
ftev 9 at the Starfish Room
Canadian duo, The Inbreds have boosted their membership to produce a rounder rninimal sound. Underrated,
low-key and modest are a few words that come to mind
when one thinks ofthe Inbreds. This image was reinforced
one Friday afternoon in early October when Dave Ullrich,
the. drumming half of this twosome, was approached at the
back door of the Rage by a record company representative
-wondering-if he -was thereto interview_.Slaan. He _p.olitely
explained that he was actually part of the band that was
opening for ihe headliners.
While the lack of recognition is perhaps not that surprising, it definitely seems wrong. Dave, along with Mike
O'Neill, are, after all, Canada's quintessential bass and
drums combination. Hopefully, with the release of It's
Sydney or the Bush, things are going to change.
On this latest go 'round, the Inbreds have expanded their
sound to include a new bassist/guitarist, Matt Kelly. This
may seem strange at first to anyone familiar with their
music because the Inbreds are a duo famous for, well,
being a duo.
"I think it makes for a more cohesive show for the audience," says Mike. "I just know that I felt enormous pressure
when we were a two-piece, and I feel less now. I mean, take
the other night for instance. I dropped out a couple of times
while we were playing—I was just screwing up—and Dave
and Matt kept playing and nobody would have even known
about the mistake if it weren't for the tortured look on my
Even as a three-piece they operate in a kind of odd way,
with many of their new songs featuring two bass guitars
and drums.
"A nice compliment used to be when people would say,
Tou know, for two people, you sound a lot larger,'" says
Mike, "and I don't think that we've stepped back and tried
to spread things out more as a three-piece. I think, in some
instances, now there's two basses, or a guitar and bass full-
on, plus drums, that we sound like a five-piece now. I'm still
interested in being minimal, but getting the most out of it."
JACK KEMP shows how he throws a football, while Bob
Dole looks on behind him. richard lam photo
THE INBREDS Mike O'Neill and Dave Ullrich. Richard lam photo
Earlier this year, their last album Kombinator placed at a
respectable 30 in Chart magazine's controversial "Top
Canadian Albums of All Time" poll. They were flattered but
wary ofthe honour, and Mike reports that some ofthe reaction from home was less than overwhelming.
"I said to my dad, 'We were on the top whatevers of all
time/ and showed it to him and he said, 'Well what kind of
list is that?' I said, 'Well, I guess they just took all these votes
and came up with a list.' He said, 'Well, it couldn't have
been based on sales. What kind of list could you make that
isn't based on sales?'"
Okay, so even though many would agree that the Chart
poll may not have been the most comprehensive, it would
still be hard in any scenario to deny the Inbreds a prominent place on the Canadian musical landscape.
It's Sydney or the Bush is their third full-length album,
following 1993's Hilario and Kombinator, which was
released in 1994. It is by far their most accomplished and
fullest-sounding release—this time they have added various
horns and stringed instruments into the mix. The title
comes from a Charlie Brown cartoon, which they interpreted to mean "all or nothing—you're either the hero or the
There are no goats here, as the songwriting is
intelligent and unique, and Mike's versatile voice
and the quirky bits of sampling they incorporate
make for an album that can produce a new favorite
song every time it gets a listen.
Although they now live in Halifax, they originally hail from Oshawa, Ontario. Both of them moved
to Kingston to attend Queen's and there they began playing
together. Kingston being a college town, however, meant
that any sort of fan base they built up would fluctuate from
year to year as people graduated. This made their move to
Halifax an easy one.
"The way I see it, it was an audience for music that was
in motion," says Mike. "When we started, the people that we
sold most of our tapes to lived with Dave in residence, and
those people graduated and moved on. So now when we go
on tour, we see friends from Kingston everywhere we go.
"We just decided, from touring all over Canada, that
Halifax was really nice," adds Dave. "We had been touring
most of last year, and at the end of it, we had all this time
off and decided to go for it, because we could get away with
it, because we haven't had to have day jobs for the last year.
We knew a lot of bands from there and had a lot of friends."
Among the new and improved aspects of the band is its
foray into multimedia—the new album is an enhanced CD
and they have also set up a website. Although the interactive
CD is now all the rage among cyber-minded rock acts, both
Mike and Dave are quick to admit it's not a huge selling
point, simply because of its impracticably.
"It's like looking through a book," says Mike. "It's got
both the videos Tou Will Know' and 'Any Sense of Time' on
there, and there's lots of embarrassing stuff. People should
check it out."
"Apparently, a lot of CD-ROM players that exist right
now, particularly the older ones, won't even be able to play
it," adds Dave. "But supposedly it's the future technology.
It's kind of like putting out a 7" when no one has a record
While a lot of their contemporaries are taking influences
from anything and everything retro, the Inbreds maintain
their intent is to keep looking ahead and not behind; in fact,
they want to make their rock sound as progressive as they can.
Tl! be the first to be wearing foil
in the year 2000, you know what I
Inbred Mike O'Neill
"So far, we've been following our hearts," says Mike. "It
would be a total bonus if we were making music to satisfy
ourselves and it caught on. It would be the best thing to do
our work with a lot of integrity and be able to follow our
hearts. Our intention with this album was to make a hi-fi
album—we're not interested in making a '60s influenced
album. I would prefer to leave the technology that dates
those albums behind.
"I'll be the first to be wearing foil in the year 2000, you
know what I mean?"
Whatever they wear onstage at the turn ofthe century, the
Inbreds can rest assured for now, at least, because with this
album they've definitely hit Sydney, and not the bush.j^
New kid-alikes take new age path to the old west
original soundtrack - The West
[Sony Classical]
The score to Ken Burns' epic PBS documentary The West is no an ordinary soundtrack. Rather, it is a survey of the musical
history of the American West during the
19th century.
On the whole, it is incomplete.
Clocking in at just under an hour, the
disc's 25 tracks jump back and forth
between bluegrass country, folk, Christian
hymns and traditional Native American
While the album's producers couldn't
avoid the unfortunate temptation to
include New Age material on the disc, they
didn't recognise the musical contributions
of the Asian and African communities during that time period. The soundtrack (like
the documentary it ■.elf)
doesn't touch on  the
Canadian experiem v
during    that    time    *  4%
period either. »i l/Jk H®¥
On   the   who!
The   West  is   an   £ f4
enjoyable album.
In    fact,    when
compared to the
soundtrack gravel dumped onto      us      by
record,     TV,
and     movie
executives,   the
West is a golden nu'igei Bui .nil\
if one prefers style v>\ ..■. ^uIj^Luilu.
—Wolf Depner
Backstreet Boys [Jive]
Fivi- guys, aged 16 to 24, bonded by
music and brought together
^#3,    in   a   sensational   new
music group. They are the
New Kids on the Block
reincarnated.        Almost.
.Although the  NKOTB fad
faded quickly, you have to
admit their music wasn't all
th.it bad. This latest breed of
teen idols, however,  do not
pack the same punch.
With lyrics that could have
been written by a fourth grader,
llie majority of the  songs  are
cheesy teenage calls to the dance
iluor. Songs like 'We Got It Goin'
On' and 'Get Down (You're the One
for Me)' make them sound like wannabe
tough guys, but they can be catchy in a perverse sort of way. These are unbelievably
annoying songs, but they stick in your head
for days. I still cringe when I catch myself
humming 'Get Down.'
Their only salvation may be the rare
ballads found between the mess of
synthesized noises and monotonous
dance beats. Though riddled with corny
cliches, melodies such as 'I'll Never
Break Your Heart' and Just to Be Close to
You' are nice, soothing and somewhat
But sad to say, the Backstreet Boys will
be hitting the back burner while another
group of teenage heartthrobs rage upon
the scene.
—by Alan Woo 6   FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1996
Where the
infra ^friC   SriJ
WWH^krtWliiHB^    <M.B *atal
UBC's annual Remembrance Day service will be held
Monday, November 11 in the foyer ofthe War Memorial Gym
at 10:45am.
President Strangway will review the troops, followed by a
wreath-laying ceremony involving 11 local organisations.
"Everyone is welcome to come out and join us on
Monday," said event coordinator Eilis Courtney. "This is a
special event for both UBC students and members of our
Organisers expect some 350 students and community
members at the service, a number that Courtney finds
"Many feared that as time passed and the older generation
began to move the ceremony would die, yet we have noticed
an increase in the amount of participation by younger members of the communily and the number of attendants have
continued to increase," Courtney said.
—Melanie Nagy
November 28, 1918
The world has begun a new page of history. The dread days of
war have ended and peace has dawned. The page of history
which has been written during the past four years is one of
which we as a nation need not be ashamed. The pen was dipped
in blood and wrote heroism, faith, radiant sacrifice and victory
on one side of tlie page, and dishonour, brutality and defeat on
die other. Whatever errors we may have committed during the
progress of tlie war, we have maintained our honour unsullied,
and won die highest respect among the nations of the world as
the champion of freedom.
While those heroes in France have laid down their lives that
all that is best in democracy might remain, it is our privilege to
help in completing their work. We would be unworthy of their
generous sacrifice if we failed to make adequate preparation to
meet the responsibilities of this new era of peace. There can be
heroes of peace no less dian of war, and diey best merit that
name who are quietly preparing to face the great problems of
the future.
The watchword of tiiis new era of peace is "Service," and it
should be service wisely planned and generously given. Physical
fitness, a keen mind, a broad vision, an alertness in performing
die tasks that duty demands of us-these are essentials without
which we cannot intelligently serve. We are inspired to prepare
for such service by the magnificent example of those heroes who
lie slumbering under the ravaged sod of France. Let us not forget dieir sacrifice; let us be wise master-builders in laying solid
foundations of peace, that our work may be as enduring a monument of our devotion to duty as any which has been built during the travail of war. jf
War basis planned for university
■ !*-tU;^!"£!-K/ r*^*l«',%* +*^ ^»#ai«».l»#«* mv\ ducted, and have no desire to be conducted normally in abnor-     services and facilities for information and education in citizen-
Wartime obituaries
university pcircy to
war needs of allies. Ail
university resources at disposal
of Canadian government
Friday, September 22, 1939
by JD MacFarlane
An evolving policy to be determined by the needs of Canada and
the Allies will chart the course of the affairs of the University of
BC for the duration of the present conflict, President LS Klinck
told some five hundred freshmen last Friday in the university
In a considered and far-reaching address the president
minced no words as he warned the students diat the session of
1939-40 would be a war session in which only a policy of "carry
on," and not one of "business as usual," could be followed.
All tlie facilities of the university, manpower, brains, and
research potentialities would be mobilised in the service of the
country, he intimated as he outlined the policy of the university
during the period 1914-18.
Already university authorities have made unrestricted offers
of assistance to the Government, he revealed.
"We are all in this tiling, and together we must see it
dirough," he declared. "The call is for considered action in every
department of university life."
"For how long? For the duration-and beyond."
"Everywhere tilings should be and will be different-very different-and in many ways," he said. "Universities cannot be con-
CHANGING TIMES prompted this graphic, which appeared in The
Ubyssey on Friday, December 6, 1940.
ducted, and have no desire to be conducted normally in abnormal times."
"There is as much uncertainty in the minds of the staff and
students as in tlie minds ofthe general public," the president
stated. "These are stern days and the thoughts of tlie conflict are
uppermost in our minds."
Reviewing the activities of die war years of 1914-18 as possibilities ofthe future he recalled to his audience the fact that during that period all male students were required to take, as part of
their degree work, two years military training in the UBC contingent of the Canadian Officers training corps, training to
which two hours a week were devoted.
"At that time also many contributions were made by die staff
who rendered invaluable service in conducting researches bearing- directly   oil- war... problems,   as   technical _ advisors   to. .
Governments, and as authorities in matters pertaining to food
production, administration and control.
"President Wesbrook was the prime mover in drawing to the
attention ofthe government the practical use of die university in
prosecuting war-time researches and in training technicians for
special purposes," Dr. Klinck told the students. "He was also
active in the drive for the patriotic Fund and was Chairman of
the Provincial Commission of Food Control.
Upon declaration of war with Germany several weeks ago die
following offers were sent to die Canadian Government by the
(a) By Acting-President Finlayson:
"Excerpts from Dean Finlayson's letter to the Minister of
"The thought uppermost in the minds of University men
during these anxious days is closely associated with the desire to
render assistance to the Dominion and the Empire.
I hope diat you will call on any of our Departments to provide what assistance we can in die conflict in which we
are engaged."
(b) By Dean Clement:
To Deputy Minister of Agriculture-
"Please  convey to  Honourable Mr.  Gardiner our
desire to cooperate with him and all Dominion officials
in the fundamental work of providing an adequate food
supply for Britain at this time and in the future.
Individually and as a Faculty ofthe University of British
Columbia we offer our services.
Reply to Dean Clement:
"Honourable Mr. Gardiner desires that I tiiank you
for assurance of cooperation with this Department in
providing food supplies for war time requirements. Plans
are under consideration and you will be advised concerning them.
Deputy Minister of Agriculture"
(c) By Department of University of Extension:
"The Department of University Extension concurs
fully in the decision of the Adult Education Association
of Canada, as set out in its telegram to the Right
Honourable Mackenzie King, Premier of Canada, that its
services and facilities for information and education in citizenship and public affairs be placed at die disposal of the Federal
(d) Dr. RH Clark,
Professor and Head of die Department of Chemistry, is now
in Ottawa conferring with the Department of National Defence.
Stating that die present conflict is one that bodi youth and
age must cooperate in conquering, President Klinck advised the
students that their main contribution was necessarily one of sane
"Students today need to use sane judgment in conducting
student affairs, in matters pertaining to die university and to
those directly pertaining to the state," he said.
"Will the students be able to assume the heavy responsiblli-
. ties_o.f the situationi,. .The tradition of die university says unmis-
takably that they will."
"I am confident that as dieir predecessors enlarged their conception of duty in the time of supreme trial so the present generation of students will not fail," tlie president concluded.^
Warning Welcome
Friday, September 22, 1939
It is not a pleasant task to extend a welcome to a freshman
Class, and in the same voice to inform them that the
University year is no more certain to reach a normal conclusion that Heir Hitler is to speak the truth.
But in spite of die gruesome activities in Europe, in spite of
the loyal attempts of Canada to assist her Motherland, and in
spite ofthe business-world confusion, die Freshman Class this
year is-as usual-larger tiian any preceding Class
Tile average Freshman will have found at least some "part
of his feet" by the time that this paper is published. To offer
advice, encouragement, sympathy or warnings is the obvious
duty of the first editorial of this struggling organ, but
Freshmen would be too inclined to disregard the entire sermon as an insult to their intelligences which, after all, are quite
capable of solving the immediate problems of Varsitv!
It has been clear that this year's class is making itself fully at
home and is in full possession of its collective faculties. Has the
Campus not witnessed one ofthe finest fruit bombardments
for some years, the Caf, the finest destruction of sealing equipment, the Auditorium one of die poorest Pep meetings?
It is the spirit that inspires actions such as those just mentioned which drives the University machine. No Campus can
exist without a semblance of unified feeling, and this Campus
has been frequently lacking in just that glorious "college spirit."
It must be on this note that, the greeting of the
Upperclassmen goes out to their new colleagues. May the
Freshman class develop energy in unrestricted fashion, but
may the resulting blasts of liiry and of pride (which typify
Frosh) be well directed into channels of righteousness!^/
Lieut. "Hasty"
Wright killed
in action
October 17, 1918
"Lieut. Douglas Archibald Wright
("Rasty"), student, teacher and soldier. He entered Science '16 in
1912 from Columbian College. Is
Medicine Man of tlie Tribe, and
leads in all pow-wows and odier
vocal entertainments. 'Oey Cam!
Let's sing a song!'"-McGill Annual,
Thus ran die write-up of Rasty,
depicting his traits of character, and
it was natural that he should develop into a strong leader in whatever
profession he followed.
Rasty's name is on our
University Honour Roll, as he
transferred his standing from
McGill University College when
UBC was established, and hoped to
come back and finish his course
when the war was over. He was
gready interested in die progress of
the University and was kept posted
in educational affairs by his friends.
He enlisted with the Irish
Fusiliers, but was transferred to the
McGill University Contingent,
with which unit he went overseas in
the spring of 1915. He was first
wounded in the following June at-
Sanctuary Wood, where he was recommended in the field for his commission. From May, 1917, to
August 12th, 1918, he served as
lieutenant in the Princess Pats. On
the latter date he was wounded by a
rifle bullet in the chest and died on
his way to the dressing station. We
"Rasty" Wright-killed in action.
quote Capt. F.M. MacBrayne:
"In losing Lieut. Wright, die
company has lost one of its most
efficient officers, a good comrade,
and a gallant gentleman."
In memoHam
Thursday, November 15, 1945
Students of die University of British Columbia, and particularly
members of the Publications Board, bow dieir heads in reverence
this week following the announcement from Ottawa that the thirteenth Canadian Victoria Cross of this war has been awarded
posthumously to reserved, blonde Robert "Hammy" Gray.
Few of us now active in the Publications Board remember him,
but the old-timers who sorted snapshots, discussed totem layouts,
or just sat around lounging and philosophising in the typical
"Pub" manner with "Hammy" Gray just say quietly. "He was a
swell guy."
Vice-Admiral Sir Philip Vian, commander, British Pacific Fleet,
who cited Gray, said a little more than that in stating, "I have in
mind firstly his brilliant fighting spirt and inspired leadership an
unforgettable example of selfless and sustained devotion to duty
without regard to safety of life and limb."
We're very proud and humble to think that a fellow student and
fellow worker should have served his countrymen so selflessly and
devotedly. There should be a memorial to the young pre-medical
student erected on die campus soon, and perhaps a plaque prepared for the future medical building.
Meanwhile, Totie, our little Publications Board deity, is keeping
solitary watch over a special corner in die Publications office where
"Hammy" Gray used to work.
graduate falls
in battle
October 17,1918
Charles Duncan, a resident of
Sandwick, Vancouver Island, graduated
with die class of Arts '16. He was the
first man to enlist in the BC Company
of the 196th University Battalion
organised that spring. He was drafted
into the 46th Saskatchewan Battalion
on reaching England and went to
France early in 1917. He was wounded
twice, once at Vimv Ridge and again in
October, 1917.
A few weeks ago, having been granted his commission, he returned to
France, but was lolled in the Cambrai
battle shortly afterwards.
A popular member of many student
societies, he was especially active in the
Players' Club, and will be remembered
as one ofthe characters in "Fanny and
die Servant Problem," produced in his
graduating year.
Canada leads world calling for landmine ban
by Paul Champ
Canada took a strong stand on landmines
last month when Foreign Affairs Minister
Lloyd Axworthy breached diplomatic etiquette and unilaterally declared a
December 1997 deadline to conclude a
pact for banning mines by 2000.
Landmines kill or maim 500 people
every week according to Mines Action
Canada. Produced for as little as three dollars each, landmines are ostensibly used
to slow the advance of opposing armies.
However, most of the casualties end up
being civilians. Long after the armies
have moved on, people move back to their
homes only to learn their major roads
or water sources have been covered in
While cheap to deploy, most mines
are plastic and very expensive to
remove. Today, an estimated 110 million mines are scattered across 64
countries. Since it costs up to $ 1000 to
extract each one, the United Nations is
only able to remove 85,000 per year.
For those involved in de-mining, the
cost can be their lives. Mines have
killed or maimed 34 Canadian peacekeepers since 1991, some of whom
were blown up while de-mining.
Between October 3 and 5, Canada
hosted a conference in Ottawa to promote a global ban on the use, production and sale of landmines. Canada
along with other countries such as
Belgium, Germany and Switzerland
have already unilaterally banned landmines.
Despite a strong international lobby,
the global ban has not enjoyed much
support from the United Nations. Celina
Tuttle, coordinator of Mines Action
Canada, says the UN Certain Conventional Weapons Review Conference
(CCW) has deliberately excluded non-governmental organisations (NGOs) from
"France in particular was
whole thing."
Celina Tuttle, coordinator
Mines Action Canada
their deliberations over the past two
Tuttle says this was part of the reason
why Canada took the unprecedented
action to call the Ottawa conference outside the umbrella of the UN. NGOs were
invited on an equal basis to the Ottawa
While 50 countries attended the conference, Tuttle says many did so reluctantly. Ken Epps, a researcher from
Project Ploughshares who also attended
the conference, said many countries were
taken aback when Axworthy set a
timetable for banning landmines by
2000. The declaration was a surprise, and
The Globe and Mail speculated that if
the other countries knew there was going
to be a timetable they would not have
"France in particular was very upset
about the whole thing," said Tuttle.
Axworthy's statement came on the last
day; no  official protests were made
regarding   the   minister's
bold action.
The big reason countries
were upset, Tuttle said, was
that such pacts are traditionally negotiated in the
UN Conference for Disarmament.
"The reason for Canada
doing that is you have to start somewhere," said Tuttle.
Epps said this will now give NGOs a
stick to prod their own countries ahead in
declaring a ban on landmines. Just this
week, Canada co-sponsored a special resolution in the UN "to welcome and
encourage bans, moratoria or other
restrictions on operational use and transfer of anti-personnel landmines."
Meanwhile, Canada has refused to
destroy its stockpile of 50,000 landmines,
saying they are required for tiaining purposes. And despite the UN spending
around $70 million annually to remove
mines, at the current rate of de-mining it
will take over 1000 years to remove all
mines currently deployed world-wide .jf
Aboriginal vets seek recognition
»(i, Tf "V '^TS*i.,Tii..aje .„
ABORIGINAL SOLDIERS from the Mistawasis and Muskeg Lake Bands
from Saskatchewan.
 by Neal Razzell
In the Second World War, Albert
Saddleman fought and died for God,
King and country.
More than 50 years later, in a ceremony at Vancouver's Aboriginal
Friendship Centre on Monday, his son,
Chief Albert Saddleman, explained
why Aboriginal veterans need special
"I talked to one of those veterans,
and he said, 'when I was overseas I was
in uniform. I got to vote...When I got
home, I couldn't vote once I got out of
that uniform,'" he said.
Andrew George, president of the BC
chapter of the Aboriginal Veterans
Association (NAVA), estimates 12,000
Natives returned to this reality after
serving in the First, Second and Korean
They "went to fight for freedom and
our country," Saddleman said. "When
they "got back, there was no freedom.
And someone else had our country."
Senator Ray Perrault, who serves on
the Aboriginal Veterans Committee,
called this an outrage.
"That's an affront to every kind of
basic human value we espouse in
Canada...I marvel at the fact that those
of Indian  descent have  kept  their
patience as long as they have. I found it
absolutely unbelievable that Indian veterans...came back to a country where
they didn't have the right to vote."
After WWI, the Canadian government tried to take away Native veterans' rights as Status Indians. After
WWII, they were given a "gag order,"
forbidden to talk about where they
served or what they saw. No native
voice was heard in federal elections
until 1960, when they were enfranchised.
But now, Saddleman said, the
silence is over.
In ceremonies across Canada this
week, peace pipes and bag pipes
helped herald a scholarship and
monument recognising the extensive voluntary service of Aboriginal
women and men in Canada's armed
In Ottawa Monday, NAVA
President Sam Sinclair announced a
campaign to raise $ 700,000 to build
and maintain the statue.
"Ideas from across the country
were incorporated into the monument," Sinclair said. The wolf, the
bear, the elk, the cougar and the thunderbird, as well as some men and
wOmen, ended up in the final design,
to be cast in bronze by Lloyd Pinay.
Saddleman hopes these small, initial
and overdue steps lead Native and non-
Native Canadians "to read up on their
veterans, and support them and the
wives that support them.'jf
On return...
The following is an excerpt from
Chief Saddleman's speech—an
example of the situation Aboriginal
vets faced upon return.
"Another veteran told me, he
said, 'when I was being discharged
from the city of Vancouver, I walked
into the hotel with my uniform on.'
"He said 'everybody came over.
The bartender, everybody crowded
"He said 'they wished [him] good
luck.' He said 'I had a couple of
beers then went to get my discharge papers.
"He said 'when 1 got my discharge papers and went to that bar
to see my friends he was very sad
when he walked in there and the
bartender told him "You're an
Indian. You're not allowed here."'"/ j 8    FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1996
T^y if ymjjss fl iuw^i S
by James Bainbridge
Beautiful Thing
at the Caprice theatre
Teenagers Jamie and Ste are sitting on Jamie's bed discussing their awakening affection for each other. Ste is
in denial, hiding behind a macho facade. Jamie angrily
reminds him of the painful bruises he has from his
drunken ex-boxer father and drug-dealing eider brother.
It's-an important, intense moment, juxtaposed with the.
cheery song 'You are Sixteen, Going on Seventeen' from
TheSound-of Music -drifting in- from the lounge. Then
Jamie's mum Sandra yells, "Who played the Baroness,
You'll love the sentiment of Beautiful Thing whether
you're a gay activist or an apathetic heterosexual. Subtitled
"an urban fairytale," it is set on the South London
Thamesmead Housing Estate. The writer Jonathan Harvey
lived and taught there and is gay, or "usually happy" as facetious but lonely Jamie comments. Originally conceived for
the less visual medium of theatre, it thrives on the Cockney
patter between realistic characters.
Like a real person, single mother Sandra gets ambivalent responses. She swears a lot and has difficulty accepting
Jamie's corning out, but she has fought poverty and the
social services to raise him herself. Her trendy, hippyish
lover Tony is slightly too posh; he has difficulty accepting
everyone's use of the word "bird." Neighbour Leah is a
16-year-old truant obsessed with her mum's Mamas And
Papas records. In an acid scene as funny as anything in
Trainspotting (also produced by Channel 4 Films), she
dresses in bright
clothing, thanks the
band and only,
responds to "Mama
Cass" while wandering across a motorway.
Tales of town mice
are common, from
slacker to mod to gangster., movies.. What
made Trainspotting
-special was its faithful,
unvoyeuristic (before
the hype) portrayal, of
heroin addicts. The
homosexual issues—
Ste's "D'y'think I'm
queer?"—are this film's
However, these are
not addressed on a
serious level. The two
boys are basically
stereotypes. Jamie is
the quiet, sensitive one more in touch with his feelings than
sporty, popular but secretly troubled Ste. They waltz to an
audience on the Estate and openly visit a gay pub, but Ste's
abusive father and brother never find out.
However, if Harvey and director Hattie MacDonald had
chosen a severer approach they could easily have produced another depressing documentary. Instead, Beautiful
JAMIE'S MUM Sandra (Linda Henry) meets her hippy new boyfriend Tony (Ben Daniels) in
Beautiful Thing.
Thing is gloriously upbeat, a little offbeat and it trou-
bleshoots a contemporary dilemma with refreshing light-
heartedness. It's progressive and real, even as it retains its
amusing theatrical quirkiness and the sheer, old fashioned
entertainment value of the fairy tales and The Sound of
Guys go schwinging
by Robin Yeatman
ai the Ckaiwille 1
Did you ever wish you
could listen in on guys' private conversations? Ever
wonder how guys psych
themselves up for the pickup? Ever doubt the fragility
of the male heart? If so, it's
time to see Doug Liman's
new movie Swingers.
It's   definitely   a   guy
flick,  featuring bar-hopping, Sega hockey game
tournaments,   girl  problems, guns and plenty of testosterone. Jon
Favreau, who wrote and co-produced the
film, also plays the main character, Mike.
He is a comedian trying to make it big in
Hollywood while toying to forget about the
girl back east who broke his heart in a million pieces. His faithful friends Trent (Vince
Vaughn) and Rob (Ron Livingston) are sick
of Mike's brooding. They deem it time to get
Mike back into the swing of things.
Diving into a world of Sinatra and ice
cold martinis, Mike eventually jitterbugs his
way back into the land of the living: the singles scene. Las Vegas casinos and L.A. after-
hours clubs such as the Lava Lounge and
the Dresden Room are among many stops
Mike and his friends make on their quest to
find "beautiful babies" (women, in other
A night out at the VSO:
the local barbarian's view
by Andy Barham
JOHN FAVREAU and Vince Vaughn are iookin' for some action
in Swingers.
words). It is in this glamorous night life that
Mike begins his journey towards healing.
The movie's low budget — $250,000 — is
evident with the occasional microphone
bobbing in and out of the screen, and it
detracts from some of the most crucial
scenes. However, the engaging characters
and the chemistry between the actors make
up for the technical glitches.
This movie is definitely honest. So honest that female viewers may just find themselves shaking their heads, while the guys
with them will hide their knowing smirks.
While quirks and faults of the male species
are humourously presented, Liman does
not fail to show that there are nice guys out
there. You just have to look a little closer to
find themj^
Nov 1 at the Orpheum
It's been a long time since 1 last went to
the symphony. There once was a time,
back around the sixth grade, when 1 could
name the different positions ofthe instruments in the orchestra. In those bygone
days, music was taught in grade school
and we all learned the classics. I wouldn't
deign to listen to pop music.
Although last Saturday's program was
billed The Beauty ofEIgar, it was actually
an eclectic mix of various composers,
including a piece by Vancouver resident
Rodney Sharman. As luck would have it,
the VSO had a guest conductor from
Estonia for the concert, internationally
reknowned Eri Klas. To further spice up
the evening, the Elgar piece featured cellist Steven Isserlis.
I found myself unable to decide, during the performance of Elgar's 'Cello
Concerto in E Minor,' which was more
entertaining: the music or the two featured guests, who seemed to he competing to see who could best exemplify the
popular image of the virtuoso. I would
have given more than a pretty penny for
the thoughts ofthe second violinist during
this entertaining spectacle, since she had
a ringside seat.
Surprisingly, by the end ofthe evening
I found myself warming to Klas' overwrought conducting style; it was, let's face
it, exactly what one expected from a world
class conductor. The symphony, for all iLs
high falutin' pretensions, is a performing
art. Both Klas and Isserlis performed their
respective roles, conductor and virtuoso,
with admirable zeal.
Sharman's 'In Changing Light,' a typically modern piece, was a disappointment, reminding me of Piet Mondrian's
pamtings: sterile cold abstractions devoid
of any deep feeling such as might be
inspired by anyihing recognizably organic, like melody or rhythrn. And it does beg
the question: does anybody other than Lhe
most dedicated afficionado actually enjoy
listening to this cerebral stuff? The old
masters, with their grand sweeping symphonies, could really move an audience
with the majesty of their music.
Tchaikovsky's 'Symphony No. 1 in G
Minor,' the final piece of the evening,
transported the audience with the power
of its swirling crescendos as it rolled and
thundered to its grand conclusion. There
is something hypnotic, almost dazzling, in
the spectacle of a battery of violinists frantically plying their bows to the music's
almost manic tempo—it's akin to watching a flock of flamingos rising and settling
as one giant synchronous organism from
an African lake.
Popular music doesn't even come
close^ FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1996
Billy Bragg, the milkman
of pop and politics
BILLY BRAGG takes some of Robin Hltchcocks drugs, tuesday night at the Vogue.
by John Zaozirny
Nov 5 at the Vogue theatre
Before last Tuesday's concert, my knowledge of
Billy Bragg and Robyn Hitchcock was limited to
word-of-mouth reports that both were uncompromising, outspoken and very talented. By the
time I left the Vogue at one o'clock in the morning, those accounts had been confirmed and
then some.
Robyn Hitchcock opened the show shortly
after nine, announcing that "the President-elect
has been shot down by two soviet mig fighters
who've come through a time warp." We'd either
lost the old guy again or the boring guy, he said,
upon which an audience member reminded
him that "we" were Canadians, not Americans.
"I know," he conceded,"but it's contagious."
He then started into bis set, mostly composed of songs from his latest album, Moss
Elixir, but peppered with a few old favorites
such as T Something You,' a perfect example of
Hitchcock's endearingly quirky songwriting.
Though he performed most of the songs solo,
Hitchcock more than filled the theatre with his
intricate acoustic harmonies. And when the
violinist accompanied him, the music was even
more lively and vibrant as both musicians
played off each other.
By the time Hitchcock was done, ending
with the evocative 'Beautiful Queen,' the audience was primed and ready for the hard-edged
guitar of Billy Bragg, and Bragg did not disappoint.
Any concert done on the night of the
American elections is bound to be interest
ing and, with a musician as politically concerned as Billy Bragg, doubly so. Upon
revealing that Californians had voted for the
use of marijuana for medical purpose while
also voting to end affirmative action, Bragg
pointed out that it was no coincidence that
he was above the American border on election night.
Bragg, touring for the first time in four years
ostensibly to promote his new album William
Bloke, also took the opportunity to dust off
some old favourites including 'Sexuality,'
Accident Waiting to Happen' and 'New
England,' for which the crowd sang the chorus.
Though he was looking back upon his past
work, Bragg also noted the great change in his
life since becoming a parent by, changing the
chorus of 'New England' (from "I'm just looking for another girl" to "I'm just looking for a
babysitter"). Though some object to the change,
Bragg reminded his critics he wasn't going to
stay 22 forever.
Bragg also took the opportunity to speak
about his part in the Metro-Days events in
Toronto, where he played 'The Times They Are
A-Changing' to protest the classic anti-establishment song's use in a Bank of Montreal TV
ad. Bragg wondered why they hadn't called him
up: "After all I have a song where the chorus is
'we're making the world safe for capitalism.'
You'd think they'd be on the phone to me, Hey
Bill, let's make a deal."
Thankfully, as proven by his exhilirating and
honest performance Tuesday night Billy Bragg
is one artist who refuses to sell out. And this
weekend I intend to pick up both Moss Elixir
and William Bloke. If there's higher praise than
that, I don't know of it yet.jf
r1'  'i , £ "$ c "
Make an
Civic Election
Candidates Forum
Wednesday, November 13th, 1996
SUB Art Gallery 12:30 PM
Sponsored by your
student society
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NOVEMBER 8, 1996 • volume 78 issue 18
Editorial Board
Supplement Coordinator
Neal Razzell
Coordinating Editor
Scott Hayward
Ian Gunn and Sarah O'Donnell
Peter T. Chattaway
Wolf Depner
Federico Araya Barahona
Richard tam
Joe Clark
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia. It
is published every Tuesday and Friday by
the Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically run
student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University of
British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be
checked when submissions are dropped off
at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff members. Priority
will be given to letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is
time senstitive. Opinion pieces will not
be run until the identity of the writer has
been verified.
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301 fax:822-9279
Business Office
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
Business Manager
Fernie Pereira
Advertising Manager
James Rowan
It all started off very innocently when Scott
Hayward grabbed Christine Price's tushie.
Sarah O'Donnell and Mauran Kim stood
there with their mouths hanging open. Ian
Gunn and Jo-Ann Chiu, however, took care
of the situation by filling Paul Champ's
mouth full of burnt toast. He spat out the
crusty crumbs on Federico Barahona,
which Neal Razzell (who was exhausted
after having to coordinate Peter
Chattaway's weekly wardrobe) and John
Zaozirny kindly wiped off. Nina Greco and
Alan Woo paid absolutely no attention to
the entire sorted affair, and instead
watched Joe Clark two-step across the
room with Melany Nagy at his side. At one
point the dancing duo interupted Richard
Lam and Wolf Depner's conversation
about an exposee they had planned on
cheap German beer. Doug Quan, fort-
anately, knew where they could get some
cheap. Suddenly, James Bainbridge burst
into the room with a rubber chicken, followed by Charlie Cho and Andrea Gin who
were carrying a large bundle of green
bananas. Robin Yeatman and Andy
Barham grabbed them from their hands
and began to peal them. And all Richelle
Rae wanted to do was help Afshin Mehin
plan her weiner dog's demise. Wesley
Chang laughed maniaclly in the corner
while Matt Green pulled the straight jacket
out of the closet
Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
Lest we remember
Monday November the 11—some of us will
stop for a few minutes and remember.
Remember people we never knew who fought,
and in millions of cases died, for a terror that
is little more to us than compelling history.
With the cold war over, territorial and ideological threats to our cosy Canadian way of
life have evaporated. We hardly cast a thought
to the military these days, unless some
General is on the tv news answering embarrassing questions about his paperwork.
Which is perhaps what has allowed us to
become sufficiently complacent and removed
from the actual business of the military—the
shooting people and being shot at part—to
worry about what we are selling overseas.
Canada sells military hardware and technology to the rest of the world to the tune of
$500 million a year. Those are the sales we
know about, because those are the sales the
government is obliged to admit to. Exactly how
many components slip south across the US
border and then onto destinations unknown is
a mystery because under US-Canada trade legislation nobody has to keep track.
Where those sales go is another matter.
The federal government approved some
$360 million in military sales to Indonesia
last year to coincide with a trade mission by
the Prime Minister. Indonesia's military
occupation of East Timor is rife with well-documented cases of human rights abuses; the
Nobel prize committee recognised the fight
against the Indonesian occupation with its
peace prizes this year.
So although government figures show no
actual arms sales by Canada to Indonesia last
year, the very fact that the sales were
approved, passing several levels of bureaucratic safeguards in the process, demonstrates just how vapour-thin the government's assurances are that buyer-countries'
human rights records are carefully considered before sales are approved.
It is remarkably hypocritical of us as a
nation to be patting our collective self on the
back for our much-lauded role as a stalwart of
the UN Peace-Keeping communily, and yet be
selling arms to the wealthiest paranoids, dictators and bullies we can find.
And it flies right in the face of much that
previous generations fought for and our current peace-keepers and peace-brokers in conflicts from Cyprus to Zaire are trying to
So if we can suggest something to remember during Monday's minute of silence, during which time four people will die in a war,
as they do every minute somewhere on the
planet, it is this:
Remember the sacrifices that those before
us have made, for without them we would
have no silence. But remember too, that our
complacency permits our national complicity
in fueling other people's very present military conflicts.
Give Coalition
the benefit of
the doubt
On a campus where 90 percent of
the students do nothing 90 percent of the time in terms of out-of-
class involvement, I think we must
embrace every opportunity for
people to get involved. As such, I
find it offensive that The Ubyssey
effectively condemn a group of
students that want to become
more active in campus politics.
The Christian Coalition on
Campus has claimed that they
have no connection to its
American namesake. I think that
they should be given the benefit of
the doubt and should have the
opportunity to prove themselves
before being criticised.
In your editorial you have criticised the group for certain views
that they have which you claim are
not necessarily the views of the
AMS or the campus as a whole. We
must remember that like all clubs
on campus, membership is voluntary. If you don't agree with the
dogma ofthe group, don't join it!
As an AMS representative I feel
that we should welcome every student that wants to start a club or
become active on campus in any
other way. There are obviously
restrictions on this but if a club
does not contravene any of them,
which the Coalition does not, then
we should welcome them with
open arms.
Andrew Henry
AMS Arts representative
decide on
grad location
Recently there has been a fair
bit said regarding the location of
UBC's graduation ceremonies. In
particular, there has been a great
deal of discussion amongst the
Student Senate Caucus and at the
Alma Mater Society, most of it in
opposition to the proposed change
in venues from the War Memorial
Gymnasium to the soon-to-be-completed Chan Centre. The impression that one may have received
from the press coverage of this
issue is that students are unanimous in their opposition to this
We are writing in an effort to
dispel that impression. As members of one of the smaller faculties
at UBC with a graduating class of
less than 200, we support the
move to the more intimate facility.
Traditionally, Law has been
grouped with a number of other
smaller faculties in order to fill up
War Memorial - an experience
which in our opinion dilutes the
experience of the graduation ceremony. We believe that a ceremony
held in the Chan Centre would not
only be more intimate, but would
be more meariingful for the class
That said, we are both very conscious ofthe feelings of graduating
students from larger faculties like
Arts, Science, and Engineering.
We are not asking that all faculties
be forced to graduate in the new
facility. Instead we propose that
the University adnxinistration contact the individual faculties (which
should also include consultation
with those faculties' student representatives) to determine their preferred site for their graduation ceremonies. The administration
should make an effort to hold ceremonies in both War Memorial
and the Chan Centre, in order to
accommodate both large and
small faculties.
While we believe that things
like AMS elections and fee-allocation referenda are properly decided on a 'majority rules" basis, the
graduation ceremony is something that is particular to individual faculties. Rather that spending
valuable time and money on a
campus-wide poll, ascertaining
opinion on this issue on a faculty-
by-faculty basis - and respecting
the results - will result in a more
meartingful graduation ceremony
for everyone.
Jason Hickman,
Vice President (External),
LSA AMS Council Rep
Matt Kirchner
Student Senator (Law)
Prove us wrong
While the article regarding the
Christian Coalition (Nov. 5) essentially reflected the position of the
Association of Christian Clubs
(ACC) towards the Coalition, one
noteworthy point failed to make
the otherwise accurate piece.
Please allow me to clarify.
While the ACC decided that
endorsing the Coalition was not
compatible with our mandate, we
do want to be supportive of the
Coalition's expressed objective of
helping students make informed
political and voting decisions.
Personally, I would hope that individuals would harbour enough
political sophistication so that partisan information networks like the
coalition would be unnecessary,
but in a real world many voters
have a poor grasp ofthe policy that
affects their lives. Just what kind of
information the Coalition intends
to circulate remains unclear. I find
it unlikely that all "Christians" will
concur with the Coalition's objectives or approach. However, the
Coalition should have the right to
be at the table. Even if the name of
the Coalition and the perceived
relationship to the American
model gives us reason for worry,
the Canadian version of the
Christian Coalition at least deserves
the chance to prove us wrong.
Peter Dove
Association of Christian Chibs FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1996
McLibel continues to make McHeadlines
Two British McActivists
are fighting the biggest
McLibel trial in
By Shelley Comer
LONDON, England (CUP)-Using civil court
as their soap-box, two unemployed English
activists are calling for the abolition of multinational corporations' rights to sue for libel.
Their opponent: McDonald's, the largest
fast-food chain in the world.
Affectionately known as "The McLibel
Two," the pair are being sued by McDonald's
for defamation over a leaflet allegedly produced in the mid-1980s by London
Greenpeace, an activist group not associated
with the larger Greenpeace UK.
The leaflet "What's Wrong with
McDonald's: Everything They Don't Want
You to Know," claimed the company sold
food that could be linked to cancer or heart
disease, was responsible for litter and environmental destruction, exploited children
through its advertising and exploited its own
workers through low pay.
McDonald's, which rejects all the claims,
investigated its critics. In September 1990 it
served libel writs against five campaigners.
Three of them agreed to apologise in court,
but Steel and Morris refused, arguing that
they believed the claims were true.
Since then, they have defended them
selves in court, as legal aid is not available in
libel cases.
An uneven fight? Helen Steel and Dave
Morris don't think so.
The case has become a modern day
David and Goliath tale. Steel, a former gardener who now works part-time in a London
pub, and Morris, a former postman and single parent with a seven year old son, claim
an annual income of $14,350 between
them. They have met their legal costs
through fundraising from their supporters.
In the opposing corner, McDonald's head
barrister is the elegant Richard Rampton,
QC, a leading libel lawyer who reportedly
commands some $5000 a day. McDonald's
will not disclose how much it has spent on
the case so far, but it is thought to be around
two million dollars.
Newspaper columnist Auberon Waugh
calls the case "the best entertainment in
London." For the participants however, this
a serious matter indeed.
The trial started in June 1994, and
became the longest libel trial in British history in March 1995, and then the longest
civil case in British history. Final speeches
are expected to finish in December and the
verdict is expected early next year.
Morris and Steel say they cannot lose.
They believe the trial has highlighted what
they say are the company's failings.
McDonald's has admitted to hiring private
detectives to infiltrate the London
Greenpeace group. One agent told the court
she "didn't like the deception and interfering with other people's fives."
Other detectives have admitted to entering the group's offices,
taking documents, and
in order to pass themselves off as sympathisers, helping to distribute the allegedly libellous leaflets.
An expert witness
on health, who was
called by McDonald's,
was read the statement, "a diet high in
fat, sugar, animal prod
ucts and salt and low in
fibre, vitamins and
minerals is linked with
cancer of the breast
and bowel and heart
diseases." He agreed it
was "a very reasonable
thing to say" to the public, and he was then
told it was an excerpt
from the allegedly libellous leaflet.
The case itself appears to have become a
weapon to arm environmentalists, low-paid
and shoddify treated workers, upholders of
free speech, animal rights activists, vegetarians, and those worried by the "mad cow disease" saga. The antics of these protesters,
not only in the UK but globally, are quite titillating for anyone who regrets the weight of
the multinational in the field of exploitation.
The latest tactic in the
battle against the arches,
organised by the McLibel
Campaign, is the
McSpotlight web site. The
site is organising an
"Adopt-A-Store" campaign
to assist in the coordinated
leafleting of McDonald's
Thousands of supporters have pledged to distribute the allegedly libellous leaflet, whatever the
trial's outcome.
Canada continues to be
a stronghold in the movement against McDonald's.
In October last year there
were numerous protests,
including a picket by trade
unionists,   environmen-
Auberon Waugh calls
the case "the best
entertainment in
London." For the
this a serious matter
UBCS CULTURE JAMMERS deflate Ronald McDonald
ast spring.
talists and animal
rights activists at
Guelph, Ontario
The protesters lowered the Canadian
and McDonald's
flags in memory
of the rnillions of
animals slaughtered by the fast food giant
every year.
Canadian witnesses in the McLibel case
have included professor Colin Campbell of
Cornell University, an expert on diet and ill-
health, and Sarah Inglis, an ex-McDonald's
employee and trade union activist from
Ontario. In Vancouver, Brian Salmi proudly
dons his Ronald McDonald costume and dis
tributes anti-MCDonald's leaflets at outlets.
Unfortunately, he says, McDonald's
won't take him to court. "I have been trying
to get them to sue me for years but they
know I'm a media slut," he confesses.
After the hardship and strife that Steel
and Morris have endured, Salmi should be
careful what he wishes for. Indeed, the trying ordeal may leave some wondering if the
whole process has been worthwhile.
Steel argues it is. "It is important not to
give in to attempts by a big multinational
company to silence their critics. We are conducting a public investigation into the inner
workings of a corporation which symbolises
a whole economic system." jf
Tlie Faculty of Science Presents
A Lecture Series
for All Science
t's new and it's for you!
A Science First! Lecture by
Dr. Jaymie Matthews
Department of Physics & Astronomy
Thursday, 14 November 1996
1:00 ■ 2:00 p.m.
IRC Lecture Hall 2
QUESTIONS?    CULL 822-9876
Open House
| for the campus community
on the proposed
Liu Centre for
and the
University Centre
/for faculty and staff
Tuesday, Nov. 19, 1996, 3-7pm
Forum from 5:30-6:30pm
Cecil Green Park House, Main Floor
For more information on the Open House
please call 822-2064 culture
The secret life of Candy
by Charlie Cho
Martin Knelman - Laughing on the Outside: The Life of John
Candy [Viking/Penguin]
John Candy looks squarely into the camera. Wearing a faded driving cap
and a brown knit scarf over a black sweater, the young comedian's face
is that of an aspiring thespian, someone to be taken seriously. The cover
photo of Laughing on the Outside suggests a warm, charismatic talent
shadowed by dark misfortune and excess.
Martin Knelman has cast aside the shroud of secrecy surrounding
the late John Candy and found the real person infinitely more complex
and fascinating. His unauthorised biography contains a thorough fil-
mography, stories of Candy's early work in theatre and children's
shows, and a probing description of Candy as a Bruce McNall-inspired
Knelman spoke with The Ubyssey at Penguin Canada's office near
Yaletown. After recounting his own beginnings as a 24-year-old movie
critic at The Toronto Star, followed by a stint at The Globe and Mail,
Knelman explained the significance of John Candy to him.
"It's hard to imagine, if you weren't there at the time, how exciting it
was when SCTVfirst hit in the seventies. It was this brilliant, original,
satiric show that was not coming from New York or Los Angeles or NBC
or CBS. It was corning from our own little heart of the planet and it was
the best and freshest thing on television. There was a tremendous sense
of discovery.
"Candy, more than any of them, was the one destined to be a movie
star. Of course, he had an incredible appetite to do that. It sort of
brought together a lot of the tilings I was interested in: one is satirical
comedy, the other is the whole mythology of Hollywood stardom and
people on their way to the top, and the other was the formation of a
show business culture in Canada — people looking from the outside at
the big monster of American popular culture and then actually taking it
on and setting the goals on conquering it and doing it. Very few have
done that and, certainly, John Candy more spectacularly than anyone of
his generation from Canada, did that."
"His generation" was the first to be raised on TV, and Candy
devoured everything the medium had to offer from Jack Benny to the
Munsters to Lassie. Critically, SCTV was far more intelligent and original than NBC's Saturday Night Live. So why didn't NBC bump SNL and
give SCTV the audience it deserved?
"Saturday Night Live was an inside NBC job, and there was a powerful lobby within NBC to protect the people who worked on that show.
There were particular NBC executives connected with the show to
whom SCTV was definitely an imposter and a threat."
While the end of SCTV left most of the cast with few options, Candy
was destined for movie stardom. After box office successes like Splash
and Stripes, Candy's film career was littered with stinkers like Summer
Rental and The Great Outdoors.
"There's no question there were terrible movies. The amazing thing
is that he survived them and had enough triumphant movies."
Even in the "unspeakably awful" Wagons East!, Candy's last film,
Knelman spots an improvised gem. "It makes me giggle every time I see
or think about it. He's leading the settlers back east, and he says with
great conviction and authority, 'We leave at dawn.' And then, you see
this look of doubt cross his face — his timing is so incredible — and
there's just a long enough pause, and he says very sheepishly, '...noon-
"They paid millions of dollars to scriptwriters who didn't come up
with material that good and he just came up with that."
And if Candy's comic timing wasn't enough for you, would you
believe that he had a life-long dream to play Willie Loman in Arthur
Miller's Death of a Salesman?
"I believe that if he had lived longer, we would have seen him do far
more dramatic roles. He did a really credible performance in Only the
Lonely. He did a serious cameo part in JFK, which he was good in too. I
don't think he would have stopped doing comedy, but I think maybe he
had his fill of buffoonish comedies."
The pivotal moment of Candy's life did not take place in front of the
camera. Instead, it took place at the Great Western Forum in LA in
1988. Planes, Trains and Automobiles had made Candy a genuine
movie star. Wayne Gretzky was making his first appearance as an LA
King. And it was the day Candy, Gretzky and Bruce McNall formed a
partnership that would lead to the joint ownership of the Toronto
Argonauts football team.
Six years later, McNall was found to have defrauded banks and
investors of $2 50 million. Gretzky moved on to the St. Louis Blues, then
on to the New York Rangers. And Candy ... well, Candy became Johnny
"When he gets so enamoured with Bruce McNall, it's kind of ironic
because there's so much of Johnny LaRue in Bruce McNall that it's
scary. And then, in the second stage, Candy himself uses Bruce McNall
as a role model and tries to become like Bruce McNall in being a big
operator, in forming a big company, in having a lot of flunkies working
for him."
John Candy's eagerness to please, his enthusiasm for sports, his concern about his weight, and the movie career he hatched out of TV sketch
comedy, all bring to mind someone else, though he lacks lacks Candy's
mind, talent and discipline: Chris Farley.
"Y'know what?" says Knelman, "It's interesting you say that because
someone was saying to me, 'Well, there could be a movie of this and
who do you think could play it?' And, that's who I thought of. If you were
looking for someone to play a younger John Candy, this guy looks perfect'
9 out of 10 students prefer The
Ubyssey to wienerdogs. The other 1
preferred licking monkeys' butts.


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