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The Ubyssey Mar 15, 1985

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Array See page I1: BUDGET
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LXVII, No. 44
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 15,1985
228-2301
Our UBC Thunderbird hollow
By STUART COLCLEUGH
A solitary, unnoticed weather-
beaten totem pole stands amongst
the trees and shrubs adorning the
traffic circle in front of SUB.
It is the Thunderbird totem pole,
symbol of UBC's varsity teams,
worn proudly on jackets by generations of students. It, along with the
world famous Native artifact collection in UBC's Museum of Anthropology, and Totem park and
Thunderbird stadium, create the
impression that UBC has a traditionally close relations with B.C.'s
Native Indian community.
The impression is false.
UBC ranks ninth in the country
in the provision of services and programs on or about Native Indians.
It has 10 courses that could be
classified under the rubric of
"Native Studies," compared with
35 at the University of Calgary and
35 at the University of Manitoba.
In a province with some 100,000
Native Indian people, one of the
largest concentrations in the country, only 220 or less than one per
cent of UBC's student population
are Native Indian.
Only law and education make
concerted attempts to recruit Native
students to UBC. Both the Native
Indian Teacher Education Program
(NITEP) and the Native Law Program are unique in B.C. in their
provision of support services such
as counsellors.
Both programs are among the
most successful in the country in
terms of number of graduates and
program quality.
Marina Sabbas, in the Native
Law Program, says she's come a
lone way — from the small Nuu-
Chah-Nulth Indian village of Hes-
quiat on Vancouver Island's west
coast — to UBC.
She says she found her first year
in law difficult, sensing a gap between herself and the other students.
Sabbas, 27, says she was raised
traditionally by her mother and
grandmother. But she spent most of
her life in Victoria including two
years at Camosun College, before
finishing a B.A. at Simon Fraser
University. One barrier, she explains, is that Native culture and
values have little in common with
the concepts taught in law.
"The property concept and different contracts, suing your mother
and those kinds of things ... I just
had never thought people could
think like that and I found it really
brainwashing."
Sabbas says personal experiences
bringing up three children alone
because her husband would not
help have toughened her, giving her
strength to deal with law school
challenges.
She adds she specifically chose
the UBC law school because of the
advantages it offers to Native
students.
The UBC Native Law program
with 13 students this year, also
provides a discretionary admission
category for Native students who
complete at least two years university, providing they successfully complete a summer pre-law course at
the University of Saskatchewan.
Sabbas says she felt a little self-
conscious at first about the advantages the Native Law Program
might give her.
"But   I   look   at   it   from   our
perspective," she says, "my mom
had only a grade five education.
From my cultural background,
that's a long way go come compared to some of my colleagues in
law who have histories of their
fathers being in law and having
generations of lawyers (in their
families)."
Sabbas says she hopes to work
with her Hesquiat band council
once she obtains her law degree.
But, she adds there are few full time
positions available with Native
bands, due to their small sizes.
"We're hoping that will all
change with (Native) self-
government," she adds.
Lorna Hanuse says NITEP was
her first experience being around
Native Indians on a consistent basis
because she did not grow up with
them and had some negative feelings about them.
Hanuse, 27, says she wa adopted
by a non-Native family a age 12,
after spending six years at the
Sechelt Indian Residential School.
Hanuse was originally from the
'O-Wee-Kee-No band of he
Kwakiutl tribe near Rivers Inlet
before her parents died when she
was six.
Hamuse entered NITEP she says,
because   she's   always   wanted   to
UBC, despite its symbols,
has poor Native Indian
programs.
teach, adding financial security also
important in her decision she has
two children.
She feels, the support NITEP offers and the federal government's
financial sponsorship are real advantages for Native students, but
adds some non-Natives resent these
advantages:
"I think it's mostly frustration
(over their own circumstances) and
all I can do is feel some compassion
for them."
Hanuse wants to teach "in some
northern coastal village. I wouldn't
want to teach in the city because
I'm not really a city person."
Beverly Kakakaway says her
year's experience as a NITEP student has developed an awareness of
her Native heritage that was only
marginal before.
"Growing up in a white society, I
never really had had my
Indianness," says Kakakaway,
originally from the Kee-See-Koose
band of the Cree nation in Saskatchewan.
Kakakaway says she heard about
NITEP while she and her husband
were living in Chilanko Falls, about
100 miles west of Williams Lake.
She had substituted, "and then I
heard about NITEP from a friend
who knew the old coordinator of
the Williams Lake NITEP field centre."
Kakakaway, in her second year
with NITEP after a year at the
Williams Lake field centre, says
counselling and tutoring given at
Sea page 2: FIRST
'Need exists for
separate schools'
By STUART COLCLEUGH
Question almost anyone involved
in Native Indian education at UBC
and they'll tell you: "You should
really talk to Verna about this."
They refer to Verna Kirkness,
UBC's only Native Indian faculty
member, director of Native Indian
Education and a driving force
behind the Native Indian Teacher
Education Program (NITEP). Her
soft spoken voice belies her reputation as a passionate campaigner for
Native Indian involvement in our
educational process.
"In 1974," she remembers, .
"before NITEP, there were 26
Native teachers in B.C. out of a
teaching force of 23,000. If that
number had been in proportion to
the number of Native people in the
province there would have been
1,300.
Kirkness says this situation improved considerably in the last 10
years. She points out that this year
there are 140 students enrolled in
NITEP.
NITEP is similar to UBC's
bachelor of education program in
terms of courses, admission and
graduation requirements but differs
in :hat NITEP students spend their
first two years at field centres
around the province.
"You can attribute the success of
NITEP to the approach we have in
our field centres," says Kirkness.
She says the tutoring and
counselling NITEP students receive
from field centre councillors and
the close bonds they develop with
other students help immensely in
student's making the sometimes difficult adjustment to university and
city life.
Despite the success of NITEP,
which has recently added a program
leading to an M.Ed, in administra
tion, Kirkness feels Native students
are still sadly underrepresented in
every faculty at Canadian universities. She attributes much of this to
the high drop-out rate for Native
students — as many as 90 per cent,
or four times the national average,
do not finish high school.
This is largely because Native
students are confronted with non-
Native teachers lacking understanding of Native values and with
course curriculums devoid of
relevance to their culture and environment.
. But a more integrated school
system is not the answer according
to Kirkness.
"There has been lip service paid
to the idea of integration," she
says, "which has never been integration into the system. Its been
assimilation all the way."
Kirkness becomes visibly irritated
and her voice rises noticeably at the
suggestion that separate Native
schools may mean the segregation
of Indian and non-Indian cultures
in Canada, particularly if and when
Native nations achieve their goal of
self determination.
"We are not so naive as to think
we cannot live in this wide world,"
she says, tapping her pen to make
her points.
"it's our world, its our country.
We're not so stupid as to think
we're going to live on our own
reserves and be segregated, so
segregation is not a reality.
"We have to have an effective
kind of education system that
means something to our people so
that we can take our rightful place
in the total society that exists in this
country and have a free choice of
where to live and work that isn't
there right now.
See page 2: NATIVE Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
First Nations Institute must wait
From page 1
the NITEP hut (behind the Scarfe
building on Bio-Science road) is
very useful in helping Native
students adjust to the university environment.
Kakakaway, who hopes to teach
in northern B.C. when she
graduates, believes universities need
more programs like NITEP to encourage Native students.
"NITEP  is just  one little tiny
step," she says. "It's like a ladder,
you know? We are down there on
that first rung and to get up to that
highest rung with the non-Natives is
just going to take a lot of time and
patience and public awareness."
Len Meracle is not your typical
law student. His bright, friendly
eyes and youthful looks belie the 59
years he has lived as a non-status
Indian in Canada.
In   a   quiet,   deliberate   voice,
'Native students have
success in own schools'
From page 1
"We have to have our own
schools when we're doing this
because there's no bloody way we
can change the provincial system.
There's no way, I don't care how
hard we try . . . it can't happen."
Kirkness says the greatest success
is being experienced where Native
people administer their own education system with a wide majority of
Native teachers.
And universities need to do more
in the way of providing courses and
support structures for Native
studies, she says. She discusses the
response to a questionnaire NITEP
sent out to every UBC faculty asking their comments about including
Indians in their programs.
"There seemed to be an interest
around," she said. "Many of these
faculties responded and said no we
don't have Native students, we'd
like to have Native students, what
might we do?"
The survey found few courses in
total on the whole campus, says
Kirkness. "You couldn't fill one
page with the courses that had Indian content and that includes the
courses in anthropology. Law and
The graphic in the top
half of pages 1, 2, 3, 5 and
7 is a bear cub emerging
from its home as rendered
by The Ubyssey's own
Yaku.
education are the only two faculties
worth mentioning at all, here."
Kirkness feels a coordinated
Natives studies program is needed
at UBC to increase access for Indian students to all faculties. This
was one of the recommendations
made to former university president
George Pedersen last year in a study
Kirkness co-chaired with professor
Thomas Berger, a former B.C.
supreme court judge. The study
called for the formation of a First
Nations Institute.
One thing which is first and
foremost in the desired institute is
providing the support services for
Native people to get into all
faculties, based on the NITEP
model, says Kirkness.
"If we have such a supportive
structure here as International
House has for international
students, as the Asian centre has for
Asian students, then why can't we
(Natives) have one''"
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228-1471
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MEMBERSHIPS AVAILABLE
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NEW
Meracle tells how he was born on
the Six Nations Reserve near Brant-
ford, Ontario in 1926, attending an
Indian residential school until the
second year of high school when he
quit, just before World War II
In 1942, he joined the RCAF and
became an officer and flying instructor before being discharged in
1945.
After the war, Meracle says, he
became a building contractor, got
married and fathered seven
children. He put five of them
through college before selling his
business and house and moving
west to Vancouver in 1969.
Meracle says his involvement in a
number of Native organizations, including the Vancouver Native
Court Workers Association, led
him to seek a law degree through
UBC's Native Law program. But he
says "it took a lot of getting used
to" acquiring his academic discipline during his first four years at
UBC when he earned a B.A. in
English.
Meracle says the University of
Saskatchewan pre-law program
helped enable him to deal with the
concepts and legal jargon he encountered at law school.
Non-status Native Indians —
those not recognized for benefits by
the federal government — have the
hardest time of any Indian peoples
in financing their education, he
says, especially the younger ones.
He says some kind of assistance is
long overdue.
"Indian persons certainly have
had to overcome a lot of obstacles
that white persons didn't have to
overcome and 1 don't think it's a bit
unfair to have that situation evened
up somewhat."
He adds the real need for programs in other faculties hasn't even
been touched yet. But he feels the
social conditions the disadvantaged
Indian person faces have existed so
long that it will take a long time to
change things.
Meracle plans to represent non-
Natives in criminal law after graduating, as well as Native clients. And
he is not adverse to making a little
money at it.
"Everyone likes to have money,
don't they?"
Many of the comments these four
Native students made about the
quantity, quality and accessibility
of Native programs at UBC were
voiced last year in a report to former UBC president George Pedersen about the state of Native education at UBC.
One of the report's architects
Arthur J. More, says UBC's lack of
Native progiams "is mainly because
it (UBC) reflects society in general
in that the kinds of opportunities
for Native people which allow ihem
to retain any of their cultural vaiues
and cultural traditions are pretty
few."
More, who is also one of the
founders of NITEP, says UBC
compares favorably with the rest of
the province's post-secondary institutions but not with the rest of Canada. He says the universities in Sas-
"Indian persons certainly have had to overcome
a lot of obstacles that white people didn't have
to.'
While the report praised
NITEP's success and the Native
Law Program, it noted there is serious neglect in other faculties of any
attempt to attract and support
Native students (there are 30 in arts
and a sprinkling in other faculties).
It recommended the formation of
a First Nations Institute, fully represented by the B.C. Native Indian
community, that would expand and
coordinate a Native studies program and develop an aggressive recruitment and support structure in
order to attract Native students to
all faculties.
katchewan and Manitoba are probably 10 years ahead of UBC — at
least five in programs, support and
flexibility.
It is highly unlikely, however,
that any form of First Nations Institute or Native studies program will
be initiated at UBC at any time in
the forseeable future, More says,
because of the Social Credit government's attacks on the university's
funding.
"Things were rapidly getting better," More says, "until the last year
or so with restraint. Now it's a matter of existing programs even surviving."
The School of
Urban and
Regional
Planning
Queen's University
at Kingston
invites applications trom arts, social
sciences, humanities   engineering
natural sciences, etc . tor its
two-year professional Master's Program
special strengths in housing, -.ex uil
planning, land use planning, rural and
regional planning, and project planning
Write or telephone
School ot Urban and Regional Planning
Queen's University
Kingston, Ontario k~\   w>
(613) S47-UI86
TAKE ACTIO
OVERDRINKING.
Canada ■+
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but I certainly don't think you have to get the gang
together with a couple of cases of beer just to celebrate
the fact you've had
a bit of exercise"
|OHN WOCD
Health Sante e:
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Canada Canaaa Friday, March 15, 1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 3
ABORIGINAL TITLE
A federal-provincial stalemate over native land
By RICK KLEIN
"The provincial government,"
says Vancouver lawyer Don
Rosenblum, "does not recognize
any native land-claims whatsoever,
no more than they recognize the
claims of the Kiwanis club in Terrace."
In 1871 the colony of British Columbia entered the dominion of
Canada. The Terms of Union gave
the new province control of all
crown territory, while the federal
government received responsibility
for the region's aboriginal peoples.
The native population lost
aboriginal title and the land-claims
issue was born.
The issue of native land-claims is
of more than historical interest. In
the court battle now being fought
over the proposed Meares Island
logging the land-claims issue is central.
Rosenblum, who represents Nuu-
Chah-Nulth band council, says:
"The Meares Island conflict is
not a land use issue, it is a land
ownership issue. The improper use
of the land from a native perspective has initiated a process by which
the Indians have attempted to assert
their title claim".
Native land claims are a potential
minefield for both provincial and
federal governments. At stake is the
legitimacy of crown sovereignty
over large areas of the province and
the future pattern of economic
development upon these lands.
Nuu Chah Nulth band chief
George Watts cautions against the
use of what he calls "scare tactics"
which play on native demands as
unreasonable. He points to land-
claims settlements in Alaska which
have not precluded economic activity but encouraged it.
Watts says a recent survey of
band members found 71 per cent of
them unemployed. He adds, "We
need a greater land base so we can
take part in our own economic
development. We do not want to
displace people — we just want our
rightful share."
The provincial government has
steadfastly maintained aboriginal title was extinguished prior to the
province's entry into Canada in
1871.
In a series of ordinances then col-_
onial governor James Douglas
allocated lands to incoming
homesteaders and miners. These ordinances, the government argues,
established the colonial government's sovereignty with respect to
aboriginal lands.
But the fact remains that for
most of the province no treaty has
ever been signed between B.C. Indian bands and the government.
This is not true for most of Canada.
George Watts recalls a conversation with provincial officials in
1980. "They said you don't have title, aboriginal title was extinguished
in 1871 so there is nothing to
negotiate. We said, show us the
document we signed to give up our
lands!"
The issue went to Canada's
supreme court in 1972 when the
Nishga Indians sought aboriginal title to an area of north-western B.C.
The supreme court reached a
deadlocked decision, with the case
eventually going against the Nishga
on a legal technicality.
In the aftermath of this case,
known as the Calder case, the
federal government announced its
intention to open negotiations on
aboriginal title claims. The goal was
to extinguish native claims by way
of compensation — "a once and for
all" solution.
The provincial government reaffirmed its position against
aboriginal title. With the supreme
court deadlocked the province
followed the B.C. supreme court
ruling which upheld the province's
legal claim.
Negotiations between the federal
government and the Nishga are still
ongoing. The province has refused
to take part, sending observers only-
The situation is further complicated by a constitutional
wildcard. The federal government
is charged with native people's
welfare and the administration of
lands reserved for their use. Yet
ultimate soveriegnity over the
ownership of B.C. lands is given to
the province in the constitution.
As Robert Exell, the provincial
attorney general says, "the federal
government does not have the
capability to put land on the table."
The legal complexities obscure
the ieal political nature of the land-
claims issue. Some 85 per cent of
the province is covered by outstanding native claims. Rosenblum says:
"The province won't grapple with
the issue because the chips are very
large." But he adds treaties have
been negotiated elsewhere, in James
Bay and in the Yukon.
Federal land-claims negotiator
David Sparks calls the James Bay
treaty revealing. "In James Bay the
Indians were successful in blocking
a large project. The government
then got serious in negotiations."
"In B.C., he adds, "we will have
, to see the same kind of process (the
use of the courts to block projects
and   prod   the   government   into
negotiations.)
Rosenblum calls the present
situation intolerable. The provincial
government has set up regulatory
bodies but none of them can talk
about the land-claims issue.
He adds: "If native people
choose to work with these bodies,
make submissions concerning
resource use or land allocation,
then they undermine their paramount claim to title."
Rosenblum feels the government
is losing the active participation of
the Indian bands on social,
economic and environmental issues.
"If we do not participate, things
just get worse at the reserve level."
Native  leaders  have  elected  to
join in the consultation process to ■
make    sure    their   interests    are
represented.   But   the   success   of
See page 4: GOVT
**■■ I
Indians trespass
By ROBIN MacQUEEN
The Indian land claims issue surfaced again in British Columbia,
this time in the form of the Mearses
Island controversy.
According to UBC law professor
Michael Jackson, the present situation in B.C. resulting in the Meares
conflict is an historical aberration.
In contrast to the prairie provinces,
which are almost completely
covered by treaties, treaties were
signed for only a small fraction of
the total land area of B.C., he says.
During the 1850's, eleven treaties
were signed with various Vancouver
Island bands in order to acquire
land for settlements. These included
Victoria, Nanaimo and Port Hardy.
By 1865, however, there was little
money available for further treaties,
and Sir James Douglas, the man
responsible for many of the B.C.
treaties, had retired as governor of
the colony of B.C.
The new colonial administrators
were hostile to the recognition of
Indian rights. Thus much of the
province, including Meares Island,
has never been given up by its Indian inhabitants through any treaty.
In the Meares Island case, though
no treaty has ever been signed for
the disputed land, Justice Reginald
Gibbs recently ruled that as a result
of colonial land laws passed in the
pre-Confederation period, Indian
title had been extinguished.
over their own ancestral land
His decision in effect finds the
Clayoquot and Ahousat peoples
trespassers on their ancestral lands,
liable to "contempt of court"
charges for occupying parts of the
island slated for logging.
Archaeological evidence from the
site of the village of Qpitsaht, on
the south-west corner of the fifteen
kilometer long island, shows it may
have been inhabited for 4000. Opit-
saht is the present home of the
451-member Clayoquot band.
The Meares decision was appealed two weeks ago, and significantly,
five judges heard the appeal rather
than the usual three. This is a
measure of the seriousness with
which this case is being taken. The
decision will be announced in a few
weeks.
The appeal decided upon is only
whether or not a temporary injunction should be granted against interference with MacMillan
Bloedel's  planned  logging  opera
tions. A full hearing of the Meares
Island aboriginal land claim case
may not take place until next year.
It is important to realize, says
Jackson, even land given up
through treaties was understood to
be given up only for limited purposes.
However at present it seems that
such detriment is occuring, and will
continue to occur, even on land for
which no treaty has ever been sign-
See page 4: MEARES Page 4
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
Governments uneasy
From page 3
these efforts has been questionable.
Most of the provincial land base
has already been allocated to different uses, such as logging. Environmental lawyer Kim Roberts
says that with the land already
allocated there has to be a winner
and a loser. "It is no longer a planning process. It is a no-win situation."
"For   consultation    to   work" ,
Roberts adds "you've got to have a
give and take, you've got to have
negotiations that take place in good
faith."
The Meares Island planning process was begun in good faith, but
that quickly changed. Mark Haddock, a former forest ministry planning team member, Haddock recounts what happened:
"The representative from
MacMillan-Bloedel was at first
quite receptive to the idea of banning logging in the Tofino watershed
area.
"At that point the forest service
planning officer commented, 'He
(the Mac-Bio representative) is giving it all away. We go to all this
trouble and he does not even stick
up for their rights.' The next day
the planning officer phoned
MacMillan-Bloedel and at the next
meeting the representative had been
replaced."
MacMillan-Bloedel eventually
walked out on the planning process
and submitted their own plan for
logging the island — the plan accepted by the provincial cabinet.
With the breakdown of the consultation process the legal route is
the only one to follow. B.C. court
justice Reginald Gibbs decided
against the Indian title claim in
January. The Nuh-Chah-Nulth
band council appealed the decision
and it is now before the B.C.
supreme court.
Whatever the case's outcome, the
land-claims issue is not going to go
away. The provincial government
has steadfastly refused to enter
negotiations on aboriginal title
claims, and its legal position has
been upheld by the courts so far.
But the hardline position taken
by the Social Credit government is
contrasted by the party's own
policy resolution  passed  in   1975,
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Res. 228-2678
which calls for "supporting a just
and equitable resolution of Native
land claims in B.C."
The resolution is a tacit acknowledgement that somehow it is "their
land" because they were here first.
And it reflects a corresponding
unease about the historical track
record of our dealings with the
Native peoples.
UBC political science PhD student Radha Jhappan refers to this
conscience as "liberal guilt", which
she adds, co-exists somehow "with
a complete willingness to sacrifice
this sentiment to our economic well-
being, jobs for our loggers, or
whatever forms reasonableness, rationality, and realism show up in."
On Meares Island "realism"
means full steam ahead for
MacMillan-Bloedel's logging plans.
But the conflict on Meares Island
is not likely to end with the next
court ruling.
As Rosenblum puts it: "When
you have tribal parks staked-out
and forest companies moving in
you are going to have conflict."
Meares Isle
awareness
From page 3
ed, adds Jackson.
But he does not see the Mearses
Island case leading to a major
change in provincial government
policy.
As things stand, Jackson says the
most important effect of this case
may be an increased public
awareness of the issues which could
push the government into dealing
with this long-overdue problem.
The Indians' understanding of
the B.C. treaties, whether or not expressed in writing, was that no
detriment to their possibilities for
hunting and fishing, in effect their
way of life, would be caused, he
says.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
THE CECIL H. AND IDA GREEN
VISITING PROFESSORSHIPS
1985 SPRING LECTURES
DAVID HUBEL
Dr. David Hubel received the 1981 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for his
pioneering work on the neurophysiology of vision. A graduate of McGill University,
Dr. Hubel was associated with the Montreal Neurological Institute and Johns Hopkins
Hospital and University Medical School before joining the Harvard Medical School in
1959. Dr. Hubel's contributions to the understanding of vision are legendary and he is
an entertaining speaker who can express his ideas well to both specialists and a general
audience.
VISION AND THE BRAIN
Saturday, March 16 In Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre, at 8:15 PM (Vancouver Institute Lecture)
COLOUR MECHANISMS IN THE VISUAL CORTEX OF PRIMATES
Wednesday, March 20 In Lecture Hall 6, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre, at 12:30 PM
ALL LECTURES ARE FREE—PLEASE POST AND ANNOUNCE
Occasionally unadvertised seminars are presented Friday, March 15, 1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 5
Native activist sets example
By PATTI FLATHER
Lillian Howard is a symbol of the
growth of the B.C. Native Indian
movement.
In the 1970's, when the issues of
land claims, aboriginal title, and
native self-government were being
formulated politically for more and
more Native people, Howard was
working with and gathering information on Natives all over B.C. and
drawing her own conclusions. Conclusions about what was wrong for
Native people and what should be
done.
Now Howard is a mature student
at UBC hoping to become a lawyer
before returning to working for
native rights, and the B.C. Indian
movement.
I first saw Howard one month
ago when she spoke before an
Ethnicity in Politics seminar, leaving much of the class stunned by her
personal account. Since then I have
found she has impressed others in
both the Native and academic communities.
Sitting in the Acadia Highrise
apartment she shares with her
daughter, Howard wishes she had
the reporter's phone number to delay the interview — she has been up
all night finishing a term paper, and
wrote the LSAT the Saturday before.
Her apartment on the eleventh
floor, has an envious view of the
campus. A stereo and television
share the room with Native art and
an environmental calendar.
Howard hesitates to call herself a
political activist, though she has
been  active  in  the   Native  rights
"The situation of our people is
reflected negatively in so many different ways. There's a lot of work
that has to be done," she explains.
Howard comes from the fishing
village of Yuquot on Nootka
Island,   off   Vancouver   Island's
anywhere we wanted, going canoe-
riding, fishing, cedar bark stripping, or going sea urchin hunting,
and looking for shellfish in the
rocks," she says.
But Howard was sent away from
this to go to residential school on
Vancouver Island, because the
village felt its own elementary
school didn't have enough room.
Here she was forbidden to speak
her own language and by grade two
no longer spoke it.
Silence. It's still very painful for
Howard to speak about the subject.
"Sometimes it's really hard to
talk about the residential school. It
tore me away from my family, my
village, my roots and myself as a
Mowachaht." Howard is a
Mowachaht Indian — her band is
school, but again went away to
residential school in grade 9, to the
same school in Tofino that her
father and grandfather had attended. I: was here that Howard first
faced extreme racial discrimination
because she was Indian.
"I was never exposed to any kind
of prejudice so it was really hard to
understand why we weren't accepted in certain hotels, why we'd
get turned away in restaurants and
coffeeshops, why people just
stare." She says at that age (she was
14) when a person is so full of life
and spunk it is very hard to take.
"It was an experience I wouldn't
ever want to go through again, she
says.
She remembers another incident
while at residential school, showing
with Howard's grandfather and his
family of 11 for a few months in a
condemned four-bedroom house.
But she stresses that here parents
didn't give up and the situation improved.
It was at this time that Howard
dropped out of school, one month
before finishing grade 11, and says
around the same time she began
developing a political awareness of
the attitudes of the larger society
towards her people.
Howard says she dropped out
because she just couldn't concentrate. "My family was going
through family breakdown. There
was a lot of alcohol-related problems," she says. Her parents told
her she had to work or go to school
- british Columbia provincial museum
LARGE GROUP OF people at Yuquot, September 10, 1874. Howard grew   up in this fishing village on Nootka Island, off Vancouver Island's West
Coast.
- provincial archives of british Columbia
CHRISTIE INDIAN RESIDENTIAL school on Vancouver Island circa 1900.  Residential schools punished
students for speaking their own Indian languages forcing students to become fluent in English.
movement for 14 years before coming to UBC. "I've been involved
politically for so long . . . people
consider me a political activist."
She laughs, saying she doesn't think
she's that radical.
Howard has curly dark shoulder
length hair, high cheekbones, and a
quiet way of speaking, more relaxing than the usual city-dweller's
frenzy. She says she can fit in
anywhere in the Native movement
because so many people are needed
in many areas.
West Coast. Pinned to one wall is a
large color photo of the small
village, now almost deserted,
located on a grassy peninsula.
There is a long beach and forest
nearby. Archaeological investigations have estimated Howard's
ancestors have been living there for
at least 11,000 years.
Howard's first language was her
own Native language, and her early
childhood memories are happy and
close to her. "My recollections of
village life as a child is just playing
part of the Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal
Council.
Howard says her strongest feeling
during the first two years at the
school was loneliness — she comes
from a family of 12, a huge extended family, and an active village.
"The extended family was just ..."
she laughs. "There was just so
much warmth, even in hard times.
We were always there for each other
which is something you just don't
find in the cities or the towns."
Howard returned to the village
how Native people are viewed by
others, with mixed humor and bitterness.
"We were watching the news. All
of a sudden I saw my little brothers
and sisters on TV. A family of 12
living in a two-bedroom house. The
t.v. projected a poverty-stricken
family living in, squalor and that
really hurt.
"In one sense I could see the extremely crowded living conditions
but on the other hand I remember
our happy times we never gave up
no matter what the living conditions
were like."
While Howard was at residential
school, her village was having
severe problems, eventually leading
to its virtual abandonment in the
mid-1960's. There were several factors leading to the decline of the
village Howard is still very much attached to. The fishing fleet dwindled to a single boat, the federal
department of Indian Affairs was
reluctant to provide services to a
location it said was too isolated,
and the lack of boats made
transportation difficult.
So the community relocated — to
Port Alberni, Victoria, Campbell
River — Howard's family included,
and faced a difficult transition to city life.
Howard's parents in Port Alber.
had   problems   finding   a   decent
house for 12 people, and had to live
if she lived with them so she found a
job. And Howard says ever since
then she's had a job or been in
school.
Her political activity began at the
Port Alberni Indian Centre where
she worked with teenagers, and she
says she here became aware of the
transition problems Natives face
moving to cities.
Howard could not understand,
she says, why Native people lived in
conditions of poverty, she was
taught as a child that it was not
always like that, "and that our people had a solid community with a
full infrastructure and an economic
base."
In 1972 Howard moved to Gold
River, the Native reserve closest to
ler home village, as did many
others. But the reserve lacked space
for the influx, there was not enough
housing, and people "were
ultimately forced to live a few yards
away from the Tahsis pulp mill."
She sighs when asked if the housing
situation there is still critical. "Yes,
it is."
Howard worked as the band
manager but after a year could not
handle the overcrowding and pollu-
Jon. She talked to her relatives
before she left, promising that she
wou!^ always maintain contact and
help the band anyway she could.
See page 10: HALFWAY Page 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
Clever
The provincial budget brought down yesterday is a clever, deceptive
document as it relates to universities.
Clever, because it doesn't seem as bad as it might be, deceptive because
no one is really sure what it means.
The government granted B.C.'s three universities a lump sum that is the
same as last year's. Sounds great, right, because we were expecting a five
per cent cut?
Nope. The catch is the special fund some of this money - $14.9 million
-is going into. The fund is for making priority programs stronger and cutting low priority ones.
The budget does not, however, say who controls this fund and how
priorities will be decided. If the government controls it, then universities
get a five per cent funding cut, and the Socreds have some money to
manipulate university autonomy with, by pressuring program decisions.
The other sneaky part is that even a zero per cent increase will bring program cuts and layoffs on a major scale. And it has already brought us
higher tuition and an increased burden for students in terms of funding
athletics.
Even including that extra tuition money, UBC faces a $7.5 million deficit
for 1985-86 based on a zero per cent increase. The provincial budget is not
going to change the current process whereby programs must justify
themselves or face being eliminated.
The budget is also disappointing in that universities still cannot plan their
budgets. The special fund is an unknown quantity which contains much
needed funding.
This government is really incompetent when it comes to universities.
Clever and incompetent.
•^
INTERVIEWS TODAyi
V
THE UBYSSEY
March 15, 1985
The Ubyssey Is published Tuesday and Fridays throughout tfie
academic year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of British
Columbia. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and are not
necessarily those of the university administration or the AMS.
Member Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey's editorial office is
SUB 241k. Editorial department, 228-2301/2305. Advertising
228-3977/3978.
"Num num" said Charlie Fidelman. "Bam baml" shouted Victor Wong. "Tee Hee" said Debbie Lo
in a sort of a way. Rick Klein whispered "Bing" to which Erin Mullan replied "gastronomic success".
Robert Beynon loudly exclaimed "mif" prompting Patti Flather to exclaim even more loudly "Zoob".
"Shit" scowled Gregory Kero. "Ming, ming, ming . . ." continued Stuart Colcleugh. "Bowel movement" puffed Dave Magowan. Kirk Couper said nothing, Monte Stewart didn't say anything of importance and Brian Dennison merely stuck out his tongue. Robin McQueen was terrified by the whole
thing and ran away.
Board places finances first
I would first like to applaud The
Ubyssey for taking a stand against
differential fees for out-of-province
and out-of-country students. In the
Mar. 8 editorial "More Straws" the
Ubyssey rightly points out that
universities ' 'thrive on communication, interchanging ideas and experiences," and that the differential
fees will discourage this interchange.
In the eyes of the board of governors, however, there is a more immediate concern that takes precedent over a quality education. This
concern is, of course, financial. So
we must now argue on economic
grounds.
Proponents of differential fees,
AMS could use SUB space better
I would like to suggest ways in
which the Alma Mater Society
could make better use of its
business space with the Student
Union Building. With the SUB expansion on its way and more space
of this type becoming available I
think the society should use it such
that the students get the greatest
possible benefits.
The most obvious thing one
notices about SUB businesses is that
those that are student society
operated (The Pit, The Gallery
Lounge, and the AMS Box Office)
are by far better operated from a
student point of view than those
which are contracted out (The
Thunderbird Shop, The SUB
Cafeteria, Duke's Cookies, the
Deli, and the Games Room).
Those that are operated by other
than the student society seem to
have two major drawbacks. These
are:
1) Higher prices. The cafeteria
prices are generally much higher for
poorer quality food than in the Pit
or Gallery Lounge. The Games
Room takes advantage of its lack of
competition and has the worst video
game prices and difficulties in
Greater Vancouver. The Thunderbird Shop's stationery prices are
very high also without any real
competition.
2) Smaller percentage of student
staff. Although this is not particularly true for some of the contracted businesses (e.g. The
Thunderbird Shop) it is very true
for others, especially the Cafeteria
and the Deli. I'm not saying they
don't hire students but they hire a
much lower percentage as compared to the Pit or Gallery which
seem to run solely on student staff
or very close to it.
The problem seems to be that the
student society gives all these
businesses somewhat of a monopoly since the closest commercial land
available is the Village.
So these companies take advantage of their monopolies as expected but the net effect is higher
prices for students.
Whether or not these operations
bring in more or less money to the
AMS in this manner is irrelevant or
at least secondary since this extra
money is coming out of the pockets
of AMS members and at least part
of it goes to the profits of the
operator.
renewed but instead operation be
switched to the student society.
Doug Dosdall
commerce 1
both at the level of the board of
governors and the provincial
legislature, claim that students who
are not from B.C. are a strain on
the finances of the university and
the province.
It appears intuitively obvious that
because these students (or their
parents) are not B.C. taxpayers,
they are not "pulling their weight";
not adding to the economic community of B.C.
The solution: a deterent in the
form of higher tuition. To anyone
who can see beyond the balance
sheet this reasoning is obviously erroneous.
In order to obtain or renew a student visa, a non-Canadian must
show an ability to support himself
for a year. The most common interpretation of this policy is that a
foreign student must have $10,000
for the year in order to cross the
border and register at this university.
This is $10,000 that this student
will spend in B.C.; $10,000 that has
been added to the economic community. One hundred students:
$1,000,000.
Although it is not formalized into
immigration policy, this argument
holds true for Canadian students
from other provinces. These
students must bring funds with
them in order to survive.
If they find jobs to support
themselves, then they must pay
B.C. taxes, and are therefore "pulling their weight."
The economic question is simple:
Does it make sense to risk a $10,000
increase of the B.C. economic pool
in order to try to squeeze an extra
$1,000 from these "leeches"?
UBC should take their cue from
the world class universities with
which it is so fond of comparing
itself and reserve spaces for foreign
and out-of-province students instead of erecting economic barriers.
Dennis Paul
graduate studies
UBC not responsible to Social Credit
Who is the community of the
University of British Columbia
responsible to? David McLean,
chair of the board of governors
states, correctly, that we are responsible to those who pay the bills.
Who pays the bills for our university?
Not the Socred government. The
university is being funded mainly by
money transferred by the federal
government to the province.
The federal government is providing the money, but, in a
simplistic sense, they are nothing
else but a tax collecting agency who
Vote against athletic fee
Intimidation was certainly a
factor in Dick's inability to
get a goodnight kiss.
The solution seems to be to move
slowly towards all business ventures
in SUB being run by the student
society with the probable exception
of the banks.
This means that any new
businesses opening in the SUB expansion should be student society
run and should attempt to compete
with existing businesses which are
not run well.
It also means that as leases and
contracts expire on those businesses
now in SUB they should not be
The board of governors has
violated an accord they had with the
Alma Mater Society and is imposing a higher athletic fee on students.
In response to this abuse the
Alma Mater Society's student council has called a snap referendum to
get authorization to negotiate a
"management structure" in which
students, if lucky, will have an
equal say to that of the administration's in how athletic fees should be
spent.
Should students accept the board
of governors' breaking of an agreement and play the board of governors' new game? Should we vote
yes? should we even vote? what
would such an action imply?
If we vote yes we are allowing the
board of governors to change the
rules whenever they want for
whatever they want.
Why should we tolerate such arbitrary actions? We should take
them to court. They have violated
an agreement and shouldn't be
allowed to get away with it.
I do not think taking them to
court is confrontational as much as
it is a fair demand that our rights be
respected.
Going to court will be expensive,
but it will stop an abuse.
Stand up for your rights, vote no.
Let's take an irresponsible board of
governors to court.
horacio de la cueva
graduate studies
then distributes the money in the
way it sees to be more appropriate.
We are then responsible to those
who generate the money, the
citizens  of British  Columbia and
We are then not responsible to
the provincial government with its
obscure and short-sighted restraining    policies.
Our ultimate responsibility is to
provide this province, and this
country, with the bra'in power and
decision making capabilities they
need to insure the well being of its
inhabitiants.
horacio de la cueva
graduate studies
Students organize concert for Africa
. ; Most of as are acquainted with the tragic situation in Africa, with
' miBions stating in Ethiopia and 24 additional countries suffering
from drought.
.. A group of students here at UBG^in conjunction with World University Services of Canada, havrofganized a concert for the UBC
community that is affordable far students. TlteAfrk^ui Benefit Con-
: cert, endorsed by the mayor's Campaign % famine Relief, will take
place at the SUB ballroom, on Friday, March 15 at 7:30 pan. ,
Jim Byrttes, Vancouver rhythm and blues artist, along with his:
, band, is the main act. The three other acts fall into the jazz and folk
genres, and includes Niels Petersen, (duo) Bing Jensen and Helen
Davis, and (duo) Michael Hart and Rebekah Kemery.
Admission is $5. Tickets may be purchased through the AMS
ticket office or at the Regent College bookstore at 2130 Wesbrook
Mall (also at UBC) and will be available at the door. All services and
equipment are being donated, so that all proceeds from ticket sales
will go to relief projects sponsored by WUSC and the Canadian Red
Cross (working throughout Africa). Further donations to either or-1
ganization may be made at the time of the concert.
So, if you've been looking for a way to contribute to world needs
and would enjoy an evening of great entertainment that's affordable,
join us at the African Benefit Concert Friday night.
Rebekah Kemery
,  Graduate Studies j Friday, March 15, 1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 7
Fishing rights require land settlement
By ROBERT BEYNON
Ml or thousands of years the
Northwest coast's Indian population depended on salmon and other
Pacific fish species for food. Today
in some cases these people cannot
even catch these fish for needed
food sustenance.
Fishing is still important to
B.C.'s Native Indian population.
And in coast communities like
Waglisla, Kincolith and Prince
Rupert many Indians are active in
B.C.'s commercial fishery as well as
fishing for personal use.
In   the   interior   many   Indians
ded: "In my view the judge ruled
against band members to get a
clearer decision from an upper level
court." Band chief George Brown
will be appealing the case.
White says he cannot understand
the ruling because the treaty clearly
says the band has the right to hunt
and fish "in traditional ways"
within a 12 mile limit.
The people, members of the Nuu-
Chah-Nulth tribal council, do not
want to sell the fish, White adds,
they just want to provide for their
personal needs.
Neil Steritt, chair of the
Gitksanwet-suwep-en   tribal  coun-
along the major river systems such
as the Fraser, Skeena and Nass depend on the yearly salmon run to
supplement their diet.
These Indians, claiming
aboriginal title, are asking that the
federal Fisheries Act which governs
salmon and other sea-going fish be
changed and that their fishing rights
be expanded. They want constitutional change and recognition of
land and fishing rights.
Fisheries officers on the other
hand arrest natives that break the
letter of the act, and are challenging
the Indian Act's by-law sections
and some B.C. Indian treaties.
Bill White is the Nanaimo band's
administrator. His band recently
lost a case in provincial court regarding fishing rights granted them in a
treaty signed in the 1870's.
White says federal fisheries officers used the case as a test case to
clear up inconsistencies between the
Indian Act and the Fisheries Act. In
the Indian Act, bands are allowed
to make by-laws on their reserves
regarding fishing within them.
But four Nanaimo band members
fishing within the reserve limits
were found guilty this January of
fishing with illegal nets and without
licenses.
White says in this case the judge
ruled that the Fisheries Act takes
precedence over their treaty. He ad-
cil, has different plans for fisheries.
He too wants aboriginal land claims
to be recognized so that his tribal
band can begin a commercial
fishery.
But the tribal council's office is in
Hazelton, Northwest B.C., and the
entire council's area is inland. Steritt
, says he wants a shift away from the
present situation in which almost all
commercial fishing occurs on the
coast.
He says because of the present
system, millions of Sockeye, Coho,
and Chinook salmon are caught
and whole rivers and creeks such
as Seeley Creek and Kitwanga River
have been depopulated of salmon.
"It wouldn't be hard for a single
seiner to wipe out an entire creek
which had a run of only 500 fish,"
Seritt says.
Instead of this system Seritt
wants fish to be caught upstream
close to their own breeding streams
so the stocks can be better managed.
TT e started a five year
study in 1979, to be able to begin
this inland fishery and recently
started another study on
marketing," Steritt says. "Probably one of the best of its kind in
North America."
His people have a real economic
need for the project, Steritt says.
Ninety per cent of the 7,000 people
in his tribal council's area are
unemployed.
Steritt, who was a B.C. Indian
representative to past constitutional
talks, adds aboriginal land claims
also demand Natives be given some
share in B.C.'s fisheries.
He says traditionally his bands
"have had the right to protect, conserve and harvest fish."
"The question of the fisheries is a
question of aboriginal title really,"
says Steritt. "If the federal government and province recognize this title fishing claims will follow logically.
An official with the Native Indians branch of the federal fisheries
department says the ministry
acknowledges many Native claims
and is moving to deal with them.
Bill Duncan, a regional policy
coordinator, says fisheries wants to
give Natives a larger share of
fisheries. But he says because
fisheries is a limited resource
reallocating the resource causes
conflict with other user groups.
Duncan says the fisheries department's priorities are, in order, conservation, Native Indians, and then
commercial-sport fisheries. The
major opponents to giving Indians
a larger share of the resource are
commercial and sports fishers, he
says, adding much of their opposition is based on misconceptions.
Ideally, Duncan says fisheries
and Indian bands would work out
co-management   agreements   by
"In English law (which Canadian
law is based on) fishing rights are
treated as property rights." Sanders
says until B.C.'s provincial government agrees to negotiate land claims
with Indian bands fishing rights will
probably not be entirely decided.
w,
hen he and others took a
case to Canada's supreme court in
1979 demanding native fishing
rights based on the document joining B.C. to Canada, Sanders says:
"We were thrown out."
"They said we were sticking to
the wording too strictly," Sanders
says. The document states that
Canada must follow, he says, the
same "liberal" policy towards Indians the colony of B.C. followed
before 1871.
Previous to 1871 Sanders says
B.C. natives did lots of fishing and
were encouraged to fish. "They
wanted the Indians off the
farmland to give the land to settlers,
so they encouraged Indians to
fish," But the court threw out the
case.
which fish could be managed and
harvested.
But the process is slow, he adds,
and agreements are being worked
out with all the Indian groups by an
official in Ottawa, Marion Lefeb-
vre.
UBC law professor Doug
Sanders, who has worked on
aboriginal rights fishing cases, says
the problem is much more complex
than negotiating with the federal
fisheries department for new
agreements.
Sanders says no strong, coordinated struggle for fishing rights
has yet been organized in B.C.
although many native groups are
affected.
He adds in the fishing rights cases
there may be some conflict between
interior and coastal Indian groups
because many coastal Indians work
in the present commercial fisheries
and may not want the Interior
natives to be given a larger share of
the fisheries resource.
He adds that the key is land
claims and recognition of aboriginal
title.
And Indian bands are fighting
together for that.
Dave Jacobs, chair of the
Capilano band council in North
Vancouver, says the federal government must also entrench Indian
self-government in the constitution
before an equitable fishing agreement can be reached.
"Then any (Indian) nation will
have a right to establish its own
government," Jacobs says, "And
they will decide how to use a
resource."
Jacobs, who will be involved in
the upcoming federal government
First Nations conference, says the
different Indian nations in B.C. are
so diverse they will have to decide
their own fisheries policies.
He says tribal groups such as the
Haida in the Queen Charolottes,
Nishga north of Prince Rupert and
Nuu-chah-nulth of western Vancouver Island may not want to administer fisheries in the same manner.
The recent Musqueam decision
written by Canada's chief Supreme
Court justice has encouraged
Jacobs a lot, because the decision
says Indians have a natural title
predating the Royal Proclamation
of 1791, which many cases are
argued around.
By-law 10 under the federal Indian Act currently gives Indians the
right to make fishing by-laws on
their own land. The Capilano band
administers the Capilano River's
mouth and beginning Jacobs says
but adds that the current situation is
unacceptable.
"They (Indians) are harassed
while fishing by fisheries," Jacobs
says.
The only answer is for the federal
and provincial governments to
recognize Native land claims and
for the federal government to entrench native government in the
constitution, says Jacobs.
Then Indians will be allowed to
control, conserve and harvest the
salmon for personal use and
possibly commercial use, he says.
Jacobs says his people only want
to provide for their personal needs
without harassment. Page 8
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday,W
Los Lobos
essence of
rock & roll
By ERIN MULLAN
The Socred government may try
to stop the wolf from howling in
northern B.C., but if Los Lobos
have their way the wolf will survive.
Vancouver is a long way in both
distance and culture from the East
L.A. neighborhood or barrio that is
Los Lobos' home turf, but irresistible dance music is universal and
these guys play it so well it just sets
the party spirits to howling.
Los Lobos played the Commodore Monday night as part of their
current North American tour to
support their second and latest release, How Will the Wolf Survive?
Along with the standard T-shirt
sellers Project Wolf was there peddling buttons and collecting signatures for a petition protesting the
B.C. government wolf kill.
Judging from the crowd's sweaty
enthusiasm, at least the wolves
from south of the border, Los Lobos, are in no danger of extinction.
For us Anglos, hearing Tex-Mex
music for the first time is like your
first bite of Mexican sausages —
chorizois — unfamiliar stuff to the
gringo palate, but one taste of that
sharp spicy flavor and you're hooked.
Los Lobo's music is a peppery
blend of various sounds and cultures. The basis of the sound is Chi-
cano, but other influences like the
zydeco accordion from the Cajuns
of Louisiana are evident. There's
rhythm and blues, rockabilly, country and western and others all
thrown in here.
The result is hard-driving rock
and roll that drives you on to the
dance floor and keeps you there 'til
the end of the night, begging for
more.
Every tune Los Lobos did was
simply amazing, but there were high
points. Don't Worry Baby, which is
getting a lot of air play these days, is
a gut rocker featuring Cesar Rosas'
gruff vocals and a mean bass line.
The kind of song you wish was on
every party tape.
And when Los Lobos ripped into
the old Latin standard, The Bamba,
they made it into primo rock and
roll, with everyone on the floor
bambaing along.
Besides front man Rosas, who
also plays guitars and other instruments in additiong to singing, the
rest of the original members of Los
Lobos are lead vocalist David
Hildago, who plays a mean lead accordion as well as a variety of
instruments, drummer Louie Perez
and bassist Conrad Lozano.
The newest member (and also the
sole Anglo) member of the band is
sax player Steve Berlin, formerly
with another L.A. group, the Blasters. Berlin seems like he's been with
Los Lobos right from the start, and
his wailing sax rounds out the
sound.
Cesar Rosas, who looks very hip
in his dark shades and beatnik chin
whisker, introduced one song by
saying it was written in Spanglish —
played in Spanish and sung in English.
That little explanation sort of
shows what Los Lobos are all
about, and why they typify the best
of American music. Although they
are outside the mainstream, the way
Los Lobos have gathered diverse
sounds to create something new and
very hot is the essence of rock and
roll. More, more!
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K.D. LANG .  . . has charisma
k.d. long serves old music
with new enthusiasm
By ERIN MULLAN
k.d. lang is somebody you'd like
to go to a barn dance with. Not only
can she sing the hell out of a song,
she dances and hollers like the dickens.
And for you urbanites who've
never ever considered going to a
barn dance, k.d. lang will definitely
put the idea in your head.
The   Commodore   steamed   for
late fifties and early sixties, Brenda
Lee and Wanda Jackson, who
shouted and hollered when they
belted out a song.
k.d. lang and The Reclines (Patsy
again, get it?) do cover tunes in the
best way possible — they take a
great old song and make it their
own. When k.d. sang Patsy's big
hit 1 Fall to Pieces, everybody in the
whole joint chimed in.
She's got little wee cats-eye glasses
and a punkoid buzz
two nights running last week, as
k.d. and her band The Reclines
proved there's more to country music than the schlock which comprises the majority of the C&W Top
Forty. These folks play music that's
exhilarating and diverse, from "let's
have a party" western swing to "ya
bust my heart so I'm cryin' in my
beer" honky-tonk blues.
The late, great country crooner
Patsy Cline inspires k.d. She has
said repeatedly in interviews, she
and Patsy Cline are soul sisters, that
Patsy opened the doors for k.d. to
sing country music. When k.d.
sings you can hear Patsy's influence, but a comparison could just
as easily be made with a couple of
Patsy's  contemporaries   from  the
The Reclines help k.d. make a
seamless transition from covers to
original material. This band sounds
like they are old buddies who've
b,een playing together for a long
time and they're so comfortable on
stage with each other they put the
audience at ease as well. The one
standout is piano player Stewart
MacDougall, a burly guy in a
broad-brimmed cowboy hat. MacDougall, who penned a number of
k.d.'s tunes, is the perfect complement for k.d.'s wide-ranging style
with his growly backup vocals and
pounding piano.
k.d.'s voice can be pleading and
plaintive, ringing-bell clear, or
whiskey smoke, depending on the
song. Anybody who thinks country
music isn't versatile has got to hear
k.d. lang. She's bittersweet when
she sings the oh-so-sad Pine and
Stew, full of mischief for Hanky
Panky, and all-out rollicking for
the monster party tune Bopalena.
The singing wasn't the only
joyous part of the show. This woman is a dancing fiend — non-stop
bopping for all but the ballads. At
one point she even invited anybody
who'd care to join her to come on
up and dance a spell. In no time flat
on the stage were a mass of shameless souls partying their hearts out.
k.d. lang hails from Alberta.
During the break between sets a
friend asked whether this crowd
was different from Alberta audiences. Other than the noticeable absence of baseball caps, cowboy hats
and shit-kickers, we could have
been in Anytown, rural Alberta for
the big Saturday night barn dance.
And k.d. is the belle of the ball.
Her photos don't do her justice; in
persons she is charismatic and dynamic. And talk about style — she's
got little wee cats-eye glasses and a
punkoid buzz cut, and at the Commodore show she wore a black and
dayglo green western shirt, a wide
black skirt, dayglo green tights and
funky little boots. Cool and outrageous at the same time.
Some critics have tried to describe
k.d. lang's musical style as country-
punk. But it's really not necessary
to hang a fancy label on what she
does. It's just great old music served up with new enthusiasm and all
the vim and vigor it deserves.
Pass
By CHARLIE FIDELMAN
As Andrzej Wajda's A Love in
Germany shows, the Poles too had
a bad time of it during World War
II — and not just from the Germans
in uniform. The small German town
of Brombach is populated by ordinary folk who embraced Nazism
wholeheartedly and such is the setting for Wajda's film.
A Love in Germany
by Andrzej Wajda
at Cineplex
It becomes clear Wajda does not
have  much  respect  for  Nazis of
Eclectic I
By GREGORY KERO
"Extremely eclectic" best describes Rick Scott's choice of performance material. Scott and his
band play in a wide variety of styles
ranging from country funk and
blues, to straight-out rock and roll,
never letting the audience know
what it might hear next.
At the beginning of the performance band members Scott, guitarist
Harris Van Berkel, bassist Connie
Lebeau and drummer Andy Graffiti
wander casually onto the stage and
take their places.
Scott, dressed in a large trench-
coat and wearing a floppy cap,
takes out his mandolin and sang his
first number solo. Immediately after, throwing off his coat and cap,
he belted out a late-fifties-style
R&R number.
Between songs, Scott's easy
charm and off-the-wall humor won
over the audience easily.
When introducing a song in the arch 15,1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 9
ion victorious over reason
yore. He portrays those in uniform
and those without as common people, narrow-minded and paranoid,
not to mention inhuman. And in
this little village a love happens and
so does the conflict between passion
and reason because it is strictly ver-
boten for a German to sleep with a
Pole.
Well, so what? We know this
stuff and it has been done many
times before and much better. The
film is not really very clear in its
plot or focus but it is full of inexplicit sexual scenes, humor and it is
fun to unravel the plot.
A man and his son travel by train
to Brombach to investigate an unfortunate incident which took place
there 40 years before. The man was
then the seven-year-old son of Pauline Kropp (Hanna Schygulla), the
proprietor of a small grocery store
and wife to a husband absent near
the east front protecting the Fatherland.
The train is a good vehicle for a
quick transport into the past, the
camera zooms in on Pauline's son
sucking on a sucker embossed with
a sugar swastika. In comes Stani
(Piotr Lysak), an uneducated Polish
prisoner of war to assist Pauline
with the heavy crates and an instant
infatuation occurs.
But Brombach is a small town
where everyone knows everyone
else's business. The illicit affair —
and all we see of this love is doors
opening and closing — becomes the
subject of much concern for all.
The morals and principles governing the "good people" of Brom-
bach's lives are very convoluted.
Wajda takes every opportunity to
show us their narrow minds. The
neighbor across the street covets
Pauline's shop. Maria (Marie-
Christine Barrault) is not only ready
to sacrifice other non-German nationalities but also Germans. For
three days while Maria's husband is
POLISH LOVER
is sent to a concentration camp
Scott mediocre yet smooth
middle of the first set Scott said,
"We played at the Queen Elizabeth
Theatre recently on a show which
was a benefit for Ethiopia. We had
Chilliwack and the Powder Blues as
our warmup acts. I didn't have a
song about Ethiopia, so instead we
played this song which was written
for my nephew."
Later in the set Scott brought out
a trombone, explaining that it had
been a childhood dream of his to
play in a brass band. "When I was
quite young," he explained, "I had
this vision of playing the trombone.
So now I'm going to have my vision
all over you."
He put the trombone to his lips
and proceeded to play Richard
Strauss' Also Sprach Zarathustra,
immediately following it with a five-
bar blues number. He ended the
first set by dressing up as a giant human pinball flipper and explained
to the audience that they would be
the bumpers. The drummer then
tossed a huge orange balloon into
the audience, and as the crowd on
the main floor of the theatre tried to
strike the balloon into the balcony,
Scott sang a cover version of the
1962 Shirelles' hit Baby It's You.
After a short intermission, the
show resumed with Scott once again
playing the mandolin. Bassist Connie Lebeau then switched to the accordion and was accompanied by
dancer Mary-Louise Albert who
performed in a modern balletic
style. For one song Scott instructed
the audience to put on the pirate eye
patches which had been given out at
the door. Scott then sang a sea
shanty in which the audience joined
during the refrain. After each time
they sang, everyone was supposed
to look at his imaginary cup of grog ■
and shout "Argh!"
Scott's voice is good, and is quite
adaptable to straight ahead rock
numbers as well as quiet ballads,
but none of the numbers was particularly catchy or had any identifiable  hooks  which  would  make
them memorable. Most of the songs
seemed to be lyrics simply set to
chord progressions that left one ultimately unsatisfied. However, as
ample compensation Scott is a good
showman whose humorous anecdotes and eagerness for audience
participation overcomes the occasional mediocrity of his material.
The Vancouver East Cultural
Centre is not exactly the ideal venue
for musical events: the lighting is
sparse and the auditorium is small,
but Scott used the location to his
advantage by creating a sense of intimacy between himself and his
audience. His low-key delivery between songs and his self-effacing
humor caught the audience's attention and kept the show running
smoothly.
The wide diversity of material
was quite cleverly underscored by
Scott's understated, Socially aware,
brand of humor and his own unique
performance style.
home on leave she gossips maliciously about the Pole and Pauline.
They spend these days in bed alternating between eating and love-
making, but all Marie can speak of
is Pauline.
She tells her husband a widow's
pension is not enough to survive on
if he dies and she wants the shop.
There is a little bit of overripe acting throughout the film. And before 1 forget, there is no evidence
for Pauline and Stani to be so much
in love. They never see any entertainment, they never read books,
they don't share in responsibilities,
and we never hear them discuss anything more than each other's
names. This is neither here nor
there. Maria tells someone who tells
someone else in the Gestapo and the
inevitable proceeds.
Stani is charged with adultery
and sentenced to hang and Pauline
has the opportunity to do a few
years in a concentration camp. The
army officer in charge of the case
finds a loophole in the law. If the
Pole can be Germanized there is no
crime to punish.
The officer and the doctor argue
logically the duties of each other's
job description as it applies to the
hanging of the Pole, but neither
considers the subject of death as it
applies to a human being over the
offence of adultery. It is not the
sexual act which is offensive but the
interracial mixing. The Pole could
have lived had he agreed to become
a German. This was a very funny
scene: the officer, an underling and
the doctor trying to determine the
German parts of the Pole.
Blue eyes, fair skin, the right
height; the Pole fits but refuses to
be a German. Not a very flattering
film from a German perspective.
These small town, small minded
people are portrayed as non-thinking and extremely literal idiots who
believe they belong to the master
race. And who in his right mind
would not like to become one of
them? The Pole is either crazy or he
doesn't believe there is such a thing
as the master race.
Pauline's son in his adult state
must tackle the same people of
Brombach to uncover the mystery.
But those minds are just as small,
narrow and paranoid 40 years later.
Most of the film takes place in
the past and the transition from
past to present is very smooth although confusing until one realizes
the man and his boy have a connection to Brombach. The connection
is obscured until the very end of the
film. Wajda uses plants, he shows
us the little boy playing with a toy
horse and again the same toy is
stolen from the shop when the man
returns to the town with his memories.
Woman lives in
uncomplicated
wonderland world
By KIRK J. COOPER
Ascendancy, is a "though-
provoking and fascinating insight
into today's Irish conflicts", claims
one ad and justifably so. The movie
begins at the start of the troubles in
Belfast, 1980.
The heroin, Connie (Julie Covington) is the daughter of a wealthy
Irish Protestant shipyard owner.
She is trapped into the past, her
mind linked to the memory of her
now dead brother. She is secure in
her past world and in a way
resembles an Alice in Wonderland
who gazes through her looking glass
into another world. A past which
includes her brother in living form.
Starring: Julie Covington and Ian
Charleson
Directed by Edward Bennett
Connie's mirror is" shattered
when she enters the present world
and realizes the current problems
facing Northern Ireland. Connie,
the one who people had looked
after and pampered, discovers life
in the present when a man named
Ryder (Ian- Charleson) enters on
screen.
Ryder reminds her of her lost
brother. He has the very personality
and resemblance of her brother and
she admires him as a hero of war as
she had admired her brother.
But Ryder is not of her past. Ryder
opens Connie's eyes to the present
troubles and makes her realize her
idea of war as a heroic concept is in
fact not true. Lieutenant Ryder sees
war as horrendously futile and
stupid.
Connie feels betrayed. She admires Ryder who suddenly shatters
her reality, the past in which she is
living. This man Ryder, this vision
resembling her brother is nothing
like her sibling. She tries to run
away from the present, but cannot
let go of the past. Her running takes
her beyond the high fences of her
father's estate into the real world, a
terrible world she has not known.
Her eyes open onto the horrors of
real war, the war of the Catholics
and Protestants in Belfast.
Ascendancy is a movie one
should not miss. Although a little
slow at the beginning when the
trials and tribulations of Connie's
life unfold, one becomes engrossed
in the meaning of the movie and the
statement it makes about the futility
of the entire Irish-British conflict
and the bitter hatred which exists
between the two groups.
Connie's performance of an emotionally disturbed young woman is
well played by Julie Covington.
Watching her performance gives
one a sense of helplessness towards
both the Irish situation and Connie
who is locked away in her father's
estate, unable to really see or
understand the turmoil around her.
Lieutenant Ryder is a man with
his own set of beliefs and his own
idea of the Irish-British war. While
hoping to help Connie, he tries and
fails. Ian Charleson portrays a weak
Ryder at points. He seemed to lack
enough backbone to stand as the
strong character of Ryder as intended by Edward Bennett.
For a deep understanding of one
person's misunderstanding of the
reality of war and the futility of the
Irish conflict Ascendancy sends out
signals of a clear statement against
war and the futility and uselessness
of the Irish conflict. Bennett has
presented a truthful picture of the
dilemna of Belfast. Page 10
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
Halfway lacks electricity
From page 5
She landed a job as a land claims
fieldworker with the West Coast
Tribal Council, now the Nuu-Chah-
Nulth Tribal Council, travelling to
13 different villages asking the people what land claims meant to them.
"1 became very politicized during
my work as a fieldworker.''
She explains how this happened.
"From the time I was a little girl we
aiways knew the land, the West
Coast, belonged to our people on
the coast, and that we had territory,
a social and political structure.
"All the people in the communities just reaffirmed all of
that."
Howard says she became committed to defending aboriginal
rights, and realized that what had
been stripped away from her people
through government policies and
industry encroachment was what
was affecting their current situations.
Howard moved on again, to the
Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, where
she worked for one year travelling
with her young daughter in tow, as
a fieldworker all over B.C. and for
five years as a researcher on land
claims and aboriginal rights. She
defended fishing, hunting, and
gathering rights, and helped Indian
bands threatened by major resource
industries.
All over B.C. Native people hold
their land and resources very dear,
Howard found, adding resource
developments had "devastating"
effects on Indian communities.
"Whether it be a dam or whether it
be a pipeline, or any major roads,
or any kind of extensive mining,"
says Howard.
She describes the Halfway Indian
band, who live near the Peace River
dam and were one of the interveners in the Site C hearings. In
the late 1960's, says Howard, they
were forced to leave their semi-
nomadic lifestyle to live on a
reserve, and experienced severe
social breakdown.
When Howard went to help with
their case just a few years ago "it
was interesting to note there is no
electricity on their reserve, and the
Peace River dam is just a few miles
away. And the hydro line goes right
by their reserve."
Howard says while working she
took three years deciding to seek
formal education. Howard wants to
set an example, she says, to her
family and future generations,
showing it is possible to enter the
academic world without losing Indian identity. She says her
daughter, now almost 11, was the
person who pointed out to her that
she lives in two cultures — both the
native and mamalthnee (non-
native) worlds.
But she still considers Yuquot
home and says when she finally settles down it will be with Native people. "I'm a Mowachaht and . . ."
She sighs. "My people will never let
me forget that, forget who I am,
you know."
She laughs and stretches her arms
out. "Sometimes I wish I weren't in
school but out there working."
As the interview ends, Howard
^ AMS concerts
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Application for Six Positions on the 1985/86
AMS SUB
SECURITY TEAM
Are Now Being Accepted
The Security Team works both Friday and Saturday nights in the Student Union Building. The
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Application forms are now available in the AMS
Executive Secetary's office, SUB Room 238.
This position is open to UBC Students — both
males and females.
APPLICATIONS MUST BE RETURNED BY
4 p.m., Wednesday, April 3, 1985
admits people do consider her a
"radical", adding that she doesn't
think some of her professors realize
how active she has been.
"Remember the Constitution Ex
press .'
she asks. In 1979 Indian
people travelled by train to Ottawa,
New York, and then flew to London making sure their concerns
were heard during the British North
America Act repatriation.
Smiling. "Well, I was one of the
organizers."
Then, "Remember the occupation of Indian Affairs?" In the
summer of 1981 several Native
women occupied the Vancouver offices of the federal ministry. "Well,
I was involved in that too."
It's 1 p.m. now. Howard has had
no sleep, has a paper due, and must
make a presentation that night to an
aboriginal support committee
regarding Meares Island. She sets a
damn good example.
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Offer good until May 30th
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public practice. Friday, March 15,1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 11
Budget mystery still unsolved
By PATTI FLATHER
Although the provincial government publicized its overall financial
allocations to universities in its
budget Thursday, UBC's vice president finance says UBC is still in the
dark when planning for next year.
Bruce Gellatly said Thursday he
is frustrated with the provincial
budget, which seemed to give
B.C.'s three universities a zero per
cent increase over last year. But it
sets aside $14.9 million of this outside individual university control,
so universities have control over
five per cent less.
"Really we don't know much
more," Gellatly said. "We're within two weeks of the start of the fiscal year still with a lot of information unknown."
Gellatly said UBC is still planning
to cut programs because a zero per
cent increase still leaves a $7.5 mil-
- rory a. photo
APATHY TOOK BACK seat as 9,000 students signed the Students For UBC petition Tuesday. The petition called
for "support on an equitable discussion by the university community of how cutbacks are to be implemented."
McGeer wants small universities
By VICTOR WONG
The provincial government wants
B.C. universities to become smaller
and academically tougher in the
near future, according to a letter
written by universities minister Pat
McGeer.
The letter, sent to the Universities
Council of B.C. earlier this month,
says universities will have to work
on an academic plan which has as a
priority reducing their overall size
within a five-year period.
McGeer suggested in the letter
universities had expanded chiefly
due to "a boom in the number of
university-age men and women in
British Columbia." Because such a
population boom is not likely to
happen again, the university system
should reduce their enrolments to
meet their declining budgets, he
wrote.
The five-year academic plans
must protect core programs and allow growth in high-demand, high-
quality programs, and delete low-
quality and low-demand programs
from their curriculum, McGeer
wrote.
George Morfitt, chair of the
UCBC, which is a mediating body
between the province and universities, said he found Thursday's bud
get announcements on universities
consistent with the directives of Mc-
Geer's letter. "He (McGeer) has
provided a method for universities
to make their academic claims," he
said.
Morfitt said the government
wants to make sure the universities
are planning their strategies while at
the same time strengthening the
quality of instruction. "They don't
want to see across-the-board cutting," he said.
Morfitt claimed the government
does not want to restrict access to
universities, but wants reasonable
access to programs which are valuable "economically." He said the
provincial government would not
dictate specific details of these plans
and did not intend to.
Council spokesperson Lee Southern said UCBC would incorporate
McGeer's suggestions into UCBC's
planning process. UCBC supervises
distribution of government funding
to all three universities.
Southern added further consultations with McGeer would be necessary. "This is not something that
can be put down on one piece of
paper," he said.
Copies of McGeer's letter have
been sent to the presidents of the
universities. A spokesperson for acting UBC president Robert Smith
said the president was glad some
form of planning process has been
outlined, but would not comment
further until he has communicated
with UCBC.
lion deficit for 1985-86, and this is
with extra tuition fee money included. A five per cent cut leaves a
$15.5 million deficit.
The administration is confused
about the reason for the $14.9 million fund, and whether it will
threaten university autonomy, so it
is taking a wait and see attitude,
Gellatly said.
The new fund is supposed to
serve two purposes, UBC information officer Peter Thompson said.
The government wants it to
strengthen priority programs and
"to meet phase-out costs associated
with reductions in less essential low-
demand programs," he said.
The Universities Council of B.C.,
which divides the government grant
among the three universities, meets
today and will have a decision by
March 25, he said.
Acting president Robert Smith
said in a written statement that
UBC's worst expectation, a five per
cent cut, "appears" not to have
happened. But he added the special
fund "will need to be clarified — I
trust with dispatch."
Smith said both he and UBC
board of governors chair David Mc
Lean are convinced the government
has no intention of compromising
university autonomy. His closing
words are: "My colleagues and I
place a high priority on regaining
the competitive position essential to
attracting and retaining scholars of
world calibre."
But Alma Mater Society president Glenna Chestnutt said the Socreds are saying universities will get
no funding reduction only if they
cut what the government wants.
"What happened to university
autonomy?" she asked.
Also in the budget is a $1 million
scholarship remission program for
the top four per cent of students
with loans, a zero per cent increase
in job creation funds, and a similar
zero per cent increase and special
fund for college and institute operating budgets.
Both Chestnutt and Donna Morgan, Canadian Federation of Students executive officer, said they
saw the scholarships as an improvement over the current all-loan student aid program.
But Morgan said more money is
needed for jobs because B.C.'s student unemployment level is so high.
Calendars predicted
new tuition hikes
By DEBBIE LO
UBC spring and summer session
calendars sent to press in February
arrived on campus Wednesday with
the new 10 per cent tuition hike and
higher differential fees for foreign
students already included.
UBC's board of governors only
passed the hikes March 7.
Libby Kay, coordinator of publications and publicity for extra-
sessional studies, said Thursday the
university administration wanted
the increased fees to be printed because it was unlikely the board
would reverse the administration's
recommendation.
"When the administration brings a
proposal to the board it will probably be passed," she said. "It
would be very embarrassing for the
university to have to ask for more
money after the calendar came
out."
Kay said preparations for putting
out the calendar started in
September.
UBC assistant registrar Trish Angus said tuition fees are normally
ratified by February. This year is an
exception, she said, because the decision to increase tuition fees was
tabled from the February board
meeting to March 7.
Last year the 33 per cent fee hike
and differential fee were approved
before the calendar was printed.
UBC students will now pay $91
increase from the winter session fee
of $77 per unit. A 1.5 unit course
which was $125, and a three unit
course which was $249 last year,
will now cost $145 and $288.50 respectively.
International students must pay
2.5 times these fees, compared to
1.5 times last year.
The calendar lists the fees with a
disclaimer stating they are subject
to board approval.
"It would be chaos if the increased fees were not put in the new calendar," Angus said. "It would be a
lot of work to ask students for more
money, and we would end up having to waive late payment fees
also."
Jonathon Mercer, Alma Mater
Society vice president, said the administration clearly "had no doubt
the fees would be increased."
Mercer said the student board of
governors representatives, while respected, are only two out of 15
board members, adding they have a
minimal chance of convincing other
board members to oppose fee hikes.
Student board member Don Holubitsky said: "The printing of the
increased tuition fees before they
were approved shows that student
input is not that decisive at influencing important board decisions."
Holubitsky added the administration would have looked very silly if
the tuition fee hike was not passed
per unit on average, a 10 per cent    by the board last week.
Council will advocate 'yes' position
By BRIAN DENNISON
Student council voted to take a
'yes' position in the upcoming athletic fee referendum in a special
council meeting Wednesday.
The referendum March 27, 28
and 29 asks whether students
should support a university athletic
council with student representation
controlling athletics in exchange for
giving the university the power to
levy fees. The board imposed a $32
athletic fee March 7, and cut
university athletics funding 10 per.
cent last year.
If the vote fails UBC's board of
governors can get the fees in a roundabout way by charging students
for intramurals and then moving
the funds to athletics, said Alma
Mater Society president Glenna
Chestnutt. "This is our way of
keeping control over it."
Graduate Student Society president Phil Bennett said he opposed a
"yes" vote because then the board
can impose similar increases in the
future. He said voting yes would
"set a bad precedent for future increases."
If the referendum doesn't pass or
reach the 2,500-person quorum the
AMS will sue the university, Chestnutt said, adding the AMS has
backed the threat by sending a letter
of intent to sue the board. But
Chestnutt said a suit would be unfortunate for both parties.
The exact nature of the athletic
council has yet to be negotiated
with the board but the referendum
question states it must have the following qualities:
• 50 per cent student representation by and from the AMS;
• control over the creation and
administration of the extramural
athletic, intramural athletic and recreation budget;
• power to recommend the use
and development of present and future athletic and recreational facilities;
• power to recommend to the
board alterations in athletic fees.
Council elected Bob Gill and Don
Holubitsky as student representatives to the presidential advisory
committee to hire the new UBC
president.
Drew Rose, a representative for
the ad hoc committee Students for
UBC, told council the petition
drive on Tuesday gathered 9,000
signatures. The petition asks for
"support on an equitable discussion
by the university community of how
cutbacks are to be implemented."
Council voted to make the committee an official AMS ad hoc committee. Page 12
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
Grads prepare for battle
Undoubtedly, you are aware of
the tuition fee increases (of up to
100 per cent) affecting graduate
students. The board of governors
last Thursday also approved,
despite student presentations to the
contrary, a $32 athletic fee levy on
all students and a special $12 levy
Baha'is celebrate Naw Ruz
and end fast, begin feast
A new year begins for members •
of the Baha'i Faith on March 21,
the first day of Spring and the
beginning of the year 142 B.E. The
letters "B.E." mean "Baha'i Era",
for the calendar dates from the time
of the religion's origin in Persia in
1844.
Since that date, this independent
world religion has spread to more
than 330 countries and territories of
the world.
The Baha'is of UBC will
celebrate Naw Ruz. New Year's
Day, or Naw-Ruz, as it is called in
Persian, is one of the nine Holy
Days on which Baha'is suspend •
work each year.
It always falls on March 21 and
comes at the end of 19 days of
fasting, when Baha'is completely
abstain from all food and drink between the hours of sunrise and
sunset.
The rhythm of Baha'i life is
marked by a new calendar that is
based on the solar year. The Baha'i
calendar consists of 19 months with
19 days each, and every month is
named for an attribute of God,
such as Glory, Beauty, Perfection,
Justice, and Mercy.
The Baha'i month begins with a
gathering called "Feast", when
members of Baha'i communities
around the world come together in
their localities for prayer, community consultation, and
fellowship.
Founded by Baha'u'llah, whose
name means, "The Glory of God",
the Baha'i faith teaches oneness of
God, the oneness of religion, and
the oneness of human kind.
In His numerous Writings,
Baha'u'llah promulgates the equality of men and women, the essential
harmony of science and religion,,
the independent investigation of
truth, economic justice based upon
spiritual principles, the urgent need
for the elimination of all forms of
prejudice, universal compulsory
education, an international auxiliary language, and a world government for the maintenance of a
lasting peace.
Naw-Ruz has a special
significance for Baha'is because
they believe that Baha'u'llah and
His Prophet-Forerunner, the Bab,
inaugurated a new age in
humanhind's development, a
"Spiritual Springtime," in which
humanhind will reach its maturity
and establish a peaceful, world
civilization.
Baha'is,   who   revere   all   the
Manifestations of God that have
educated the human family over the
ages,   such   as   Abraham,   Moses,
Buddha,     Krishna,     Christ,
Zoroaster, Muhammed, and, most
recently, the Bab and Baha'u'llah,
believe that the seeds planted by the
love, wisdom, and sacrifice of these
Divine Educators will blossom in
this day.
Negin Khoshkhesal
Baha'i Club of UBC
Horror of horrors, explicit Ubyssey
no better than vile sexist gear rag
At least once a week, the
engineers of UBC receive flak from
some student or reporter who writes
his thoughts in The Ubyssey.
If it's not the sexist, degrading
Godiva ride (personally, I'm glad
my male peers admire the female
body), then it's the terrible, obscene
and disgusting EUSletter (oh, horror of horrors!).
I admit that some of the jokes in
there are pretty crude, if interpreted
a certain kinky way (I've been told)
and some of the drawings are suggestive. . .
Yet, the paper is distributed only
in the buildings where engineers
have most of their classes (CPSC,
Hennings, McLeod, CEME, et
cetera) and almost all the people on
campus know what type of
literature the EUSletter contains so
that those people who may be offended by the contents do not read
the paper.
A noted paper like The Ubyssey,
however, is read by a majority of
the general campus population,
which includes innocent first years,
easily offended women's groups,
and several conservative Christian
groups as well. Regardless of this,
The Ubyssey has included an explicit sexual cartoon (Page 7, Mar.
1, 1985) among its usually clean
pages.
Now, editorial collective, I cannot honestly say that 1 am offended, but 1 am sure that some people
among your readership are and that
to force this type of display on unsuspecting readers is unfair.
The EUSletter gives implicit warning; The Ubyssey should give a
warning as well or stop the now
hypocritical campaign against the
sexist engineers.
Katherina Tarnai
mechanical engineering 2
UBC RUGBY DANCE
featuring
SECRET SERVICE
Saturday, March 16
8 p.m.
Come before 9:30 p.m. and get
one refreshment FREE!
SUB Ballroom
Tix: $4.00 AMS Box Office
and from Players
on graduate students as well.
This is severely detrimental to
graduate students presently attending UBC, and will curtail future
enrolments resulting in the eventual demise of a viable graduate
program at UBC.
Many of your departments have
been asked to "justify their continued existence" this year, and
there is certainly no guarantee that
even more departments will not be
asked the same question next year.
After all, the senate recently
voted against any commitment
guaranteeing that students be able
to complete their program of
studies. The Graduate Student
Society has opposed these and other
issues quite vehemently, but we
need our membership's continued
support.
If you feel that you are able to
contribute to this situation, and furthermore wish to gain an insight into the decision making process at
UBC, then please attend the society's Annual General Meeting today
at 4:30 p.m. at the graduate centre.
Nominations remain open until
4:00 p.m. Wednesday, Mar. 27,
1985, for the following executive
positions: secretary, finance director, and programs director. The
future of quality, accessible education at UBC is at stake.
phil bennett, president-elect
graduate student society
—APPLICATIONS—
—NOW AVAILABLE—
for the position of
JOBLINK COORDINATOR
RESUMES REQUIRED WITH
APPLICATIONS
Deadline for Resumes
Applications Applications
Friday, March 22 Available from
4:00 p.m. SUB 238
Rum flavoured
Wine dipped.
Crack a pack of Colts
along with the cards. Friday, March 15, 1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 13
Scientists seek new equipment
OTTAWA (CUP) — Hundreds
of scientists hoping to bring their
laboratories into the technological
age will be sorely disappointed if
the federal government does not
pump more money into Canada's
largest research granting agency.
More than 1,400 Canadian scientists are asking the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council
for nearly $100 million in grants to
buy new equipment and replace obsolete equipment.
The council, however, has only
$20 million to offer.
And some scientists say their
research will lag behind that of
other countries if the government
does not act soon.
Last year, the government gave
the council more than $31 million
for equipment grants. Out of about
1,230 applications, nearly 550 were
funded. This year, the government
is only handing over $20 million,
though the number of applications
have increased by 170.
"The $20 million is very welcome
indeed, but it's not enough," said
John McNeill, chair of the University of Ottawa's biology department.
"It means researchers in Canada
will be less competitive than their
counterparts in other parts of the
world. It means students in Canadian universities will not be exposed
to modern equipment as should be
the case."
Council spokespersons said some
scientists will abandon research
projects, graduate students will lose
their enthusiasm for their studies
and more researchers than ever will
seek funding with strings attached
from industry, if the money is not
forthcoming. The average age of
research equipment in universities is
between 10 and 12 years old.
"There is a real need to replace
obsolete equipment. The situation
will be very serious if this
continues," said Nigel Lloyd, the
council's assistant director of
operating grants.
Lloyd says the council approved
more than 40 per cent of all requests
for funding last year but will likely
approve only 20 per cent this year.
He had no idea how many scientists
or research projects such a move
would affect. Unsuccessful applications may be put on hold for
another year.
Leo Derikx, the council's planning and budgeting director, said
the granting agency needs at least
$40 and $50 million more to maintain the level of applications approved, and that plans for next
year's budget are also uncertain.
"Students have to make career
decisions. Professors have to
develop projects. This is obviously
HETERO COUPLES  DISCUSS new spring weather fashions and   grimace at thought of alternative sexual orientations.
Saskatchewan student meets bizarre end
■ rory a. photo
SASKATOON (CUP) — The
18-year-old man who died in a
University of Saskatchewan
residence last Sept. 28 underwent a
bizarre mock funeral before being
stuffed into a garbage chute by
unknown persons, a coroner's inquest revealed.
Shaun Reineke died after plummeting 20 metres and, in the words
of pathologist Dr. Fergus Murphy,
sustaining "severe skull fractures,
fractures in the pelvis, thigh and
ankle areas, lacerations on the
forehead, abrasions and
scratches."
Murphy said Reineke went down
the chute feet first, while Corporal
Arnie Mainland of the Saskatoon
police said it is unlikely Reineke
climbed into the chute himself.
Several    witnesses    testified
Quebec won't hike fees
MONTREAL (CUP)—Quebec
university students won't see an increase in tuition fees next year, no
matter who's in power in Quebec
City.
The Parti Quebecois minister of
higher education, science and
technology, Yves Berube, announced last week university tuition fees
will remain at about $570 a year, the
rate they have been since 1969.
Quebec has the cheapest tuition in
Canada.
And Quebec Liberal party
delegates decided at their annual
congress Mar. 2 that maintaining
the tuition freeze will be part of
their electoral platform.
The youth wing of the Liberal
party showed its strength at the congress, also persuading the party to
support welfare parity for Quebec
residents under 30 and achieve this
in the first two years of its mandate.
Currently those under 30 receive
$156 a month, while those over 30
get $430.
A provincial election in Quebec is
expected this spring or next fall.
Quebec premier Rene Levesque
hinted recently it will most likely be
in the spring.
Berube's announcement on the
freeze may have been a response to
the new Liberal stance, as a way of
holding ground in PQ's battle
for public support.
Pierre Antcil, former Liberal
youth president, who fought for the
new policies, said: "I know that the
freeze of tuition fees is an important issue for students and social aid
parity is important for young people. I hope they put their X in the
right box though it wasn't done for
that reason."
The Liberal congress also committed a Liberal government to
open special employment centres
for youth, co-ordinated with
federal centres, and to create a
"consultative council for youth".
In his statement on tuition fees,
Berube said "a rigorous examination of the whole problem (of
higher education financing) is needed and because of this reflection has
scarcely begun, I am not in a position to recommend, for the next
academic year, changes in tuition
fees."
Two weeks ago, students
demonstrated at the National
Assembly in Quebec City against
the possibility that fees would be
raised in September.
In their declaration on tuition
fees, the Liberals said "education
must be accessible to all and all
obstacles still in this path must be
progressively removed."
Reineke was extremely drunk and
passed out on the twelfth floor
couch.
Two residents, Carey Barrett and
Timothy Wall, doused Reineke with
wine, shaving cream and mustard,
covered him with newspapers and
put a pickle on him.
No explanation was given for this
strange behavior.
"I don't know what made Carey
and I do what we did," Wall said.
"I had no intention of harming him
in any way."
Barrett wrote a mock death tag
for Reineke and taped it to his toe.
Another unidentified student performed "last rites", and another
took a picture of him.
Wall and Barrett then carried
Reineke to the elevator, hoping
security would find him.
One hour later, the two went
searching for him. "Like an unseen
force, we decided to go looking for
him," Wall said.
When Reineke was not found on
the elevator, the two followed a
trail of shaving cream to the ninth
floor garbage chute, into which
they assumed Reineke had thrown
up.
Kenneth Mark was the last stu
dent to have seen Reineke alive,
sometime between 3:00 and 3:30
a.m. Mark testified that Reineke
seemed quite drunk and was
covered in shaving cream. Mark
said Reineke was with two other
students, Kelly Ham and Irvin
Reekie.
Ham and Reekie started a beer
fight and set off a fire extinguisher,
behavior Reekie admitted was
"crude, loud and boisterous."
"He was kind of moaning," she
said. "We tried to keep him still."
Reineke died in hospital an hour
later of massive head and body injuries.
Police constable Brian Trainor,
investigating the incident, came
upon four people huddled in a
residence room and overheard part
of their conversation. One woman
was sobbing hysterically and said,
'Kelly didn't know what he was doing ... he made a mistake',"
Trainor said. The woman was
Shannon Freeman, a woman Kelly
Ham called his girffriend.
Freeman denied she made this
siatement, but said she, Ham and
Reekie got together the day after
the incident, but said she didn't
remember what they had discussed.
not    the   best   way   of   funding
research."
Derikx said the $20 million,
which was announced by the
government March 6, will become
part of the council's base budget used to calculate next year's funding.
He said the government must still
approve a financing plan for the
next five years, similar to one which
won the support of the Clark
government in 1979.
The council now has a $311.6
million budget but will lose some of
its purchasing power for equipment
if the $20 million is not incorporated.
During the election campaign,
the Tories pledged to increase
research and development in
Canada to 2.5 per cent of the Gross
National Product, up from the current 1.24 per cent.
Government officials, however,
refuse to say whether the government will boost the council's budget
and that of the country's other
research granting agencies.
Report says
cuts needed
OTTAWA (CUP) — First-year
enrolment in medical schools across
Canada should be cut by 20 per cent
next fall, a new federal-provincial
report says.
The report, obtained by the
Globe and Mail last week, says the
supply of doctors in Canada doubled between 1961 and 1980, while the
population increased by only 33 per
cent.
The report also recommends
reducing post-graduate training in
general practice and medical
specialties, lowering the number of
foreign medical school graduates
accepted and the number of doctors
practicing in Canada with work
visas, and ensuring doctors practice
only where they are needed.
Dr. Jean Dupong, the director of
health at Health and Welfare
Canada, who worked on the study,
said it had "been presented to the
provinces in November and they
have to decide what to do with it."
The provinces will decide whether
to make the report public, he said.
In a recent interview, John Bennett, director of professional affairs
at the Canadian Medical Association, disputed the numbers the
government used in the report.
"Lots of physicians are on doctoral lists as doctors but are in administration or research," Bennett
said. "A surgeon could be listed as
a surgeon but only doing surgery 10
per cent of the time."
Bennett said the CMA has
established a committee on medical
personnel which is putting together
a new, accurate employment data
bank of doctors in Canada.
"Until we've got a common data
ground anybody making projections is making them on inadequate
data," he said. "It would help us
considerably if the government
report would be made available to
Two share major athletic title - win Big Blocks
UBC's two best women athletes ware named co-
winners of the Athlete of the Year award at last night's
women's Big Block awards banquet.
UBC diver Nancy Bonham and high jumper Jeannie
Cockcroft will share this years Sparlings trophy.
Bonham, applied science 2, capped off an illustrious
five year diving career two weekends ago by sweeping
the one and two metre spring board events at the
Canadian Interuniversity Athletic Union national
championships in St. Catharines, Ontario.
Cockcroft is Canada's reigning indoor champion
and has never jumped less than 1.83 metres this year.
Cockcroft's highlight was a jump of 1.88 metres
(6'2"), the third highest jump in Canadian history.
She is currently ranked as the second best jumper in
Canada, second only to Debbie Brill.
The swimming and diving team which won the
CIAU championship two weeks ago was named the
womens team of the year. They beat six time defending
champions the University of Toronto to win the
crown.
The team's record this season was 9-0 in Canadian
competition. The team featured seven all-Canadians,
including Barb McBain, Nancy Bonham, Anne Martin, Ronda Thomasson and Brenda Jones.
It was the first CIAU championship UBC won in
swimming and diving since 1972-73. Page 14
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
W/Oti
TODAY
AIMS WOMEN'S CENTRE
Andrea    Dworkin    speaks    on
Women," 8 p.m., IRC 2.
'Right    Wing
Christianity and Marxist doctrine
have not been known to mix very
well. Marxism has always considered religion "the opiate of the
masses," and the church has viewed Marxism's humanistic
background with justifiable suspicion.
Yet a new type of religious theory
— popular especially with clerics in
revolution-torn Central America —
suggests the teachings of both
Marx and Christ are compatible and
interrelated. This theory is called
liberation theology, and it has
become a popular subject of debate
in current religious circles.
Jack Costello will be speaking on
liberation theology in St. Mark's
College's music room this Sunday
at 8:00 p.m. The question of how
two philosophies so diametrically
opposed to each other can be connected promises to be an interesting one to answer.
In a panel discussion sponsored
by Students For Peace and Mutual
Disarmament, the role of the news
media will be discussed in relation
to the arms race. Does the presentation of news on disarmament affect the reader's or viewer's judgement process? Does a reporter's
bias influence the way he or she
reports disarmament news? These
are just two of the questions which
will be answered in this discussion.
The meeting of minds will take
place today at noon in SUB 205. It
may be worth one lunch hour to
find out if and how the media
manipulates your views.
UBC ART EDUCATION PAINTING STUDENTS
Exhibits, 10 a.m.-4 p.m., AMS Art Gallery, SUB.
GAYS AND LESBIANS OF UBC
Mad March Mania dance, tickets $4 on sale at
Little Sisters and SUB 237A, 8:30 p.m.,  SUB
Partyroom.
SOCIAL WORK 416 CLASS
Panel discussion of social work opportunities in
the '80s, 1-3 p.m.. Social Work Lecture Hall A.
STUDENTS FOR PEACE AND MUTUAL
DISARMAMENT
Panel discussion:  "The media and the arms
race," noon, SUB 206.
AIESEC
"Introduction    to   AIESEC"    meeting,    noon,
Angus 221.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
Nominations for election of executive, noon, International House.
CHINESE STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
Film: "Chan is Missing," for Asian Week, 12:35
p.m., SUB Auditorium.
SUBFILMS
Film:   "All   of   Me,"   7  and  9:30  p.m.,   SUB
auditorium.
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
Election day, noon, SUB 216A.
APOLOGETICS OF CHRISTIAN
THOUGHT IN SCRIPTURE
Films: "How should we live then," Parts 7, 8,
noon, Buch A 102.
SATURDAY
UBYSSEY SCHOOL OF COMMITTEES
Committee meeting for organizing next national
conference, 1 p.m.. No. 5—1110 Victoria Drive.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ORGANIZATION-UBC
Lecture, noon, Queen Elizabeth Theatre.
INSTITUTE OF ASIAN RESEARCH
Fundraising dinner for "Friends of the Asian
Centre" fund, nine courses, auction of Letty
Shea's paintings, performance by UBC Chinese
instrumental Ensemble, ticket sales 6:30 p.m.,
phone 228-4688 for info, Kingsiand Restaurant at
987 Granville.
BALLET UBC JAZZ
Body awareness workshop,  1:30-3 p.m., SUB
Partyroom
CHINESE STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
Gym  night with  tennis,  raquetball,  8-11  p.m.,
Osborne gym A and tennis bubble.
Are You Considering
Graduate School?
Then investigating our computerized information service
on graduate school scholarships, fellowships, and
grants is a must. Further
details (no obligation) are
available from Services SD,
5120 Ed. Montpetit, Ste. 9,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
H3W 1R2.
SCUBA ON CAMPUS
Aqua Society has been UBC's SCUBA club for
almost 30 years. It has grown to a complete
diving centre offering student-affordable
— Courses
— Rental Gear >'>*"^i
— Equipment Sales
— Trips
— Free Air Fills (b1*
Explore the fascinating underwater world with
Aqua Society! Spring Er Summer courses now
filling.
H
AQUA SOCIETY
University of British Columbia
Rm. 111
Student Union Building
Tel.: 228-3329
Open Mon.-Fri.
11:00 A.M. to 7:00 P.M.
Stamp out
rock & roll
The new Brooks*
Chariot, the state-of-
the-art technology
in hi^h-performance
running shoes. The
exclusive Diagonal
Roll Bar"provides
a natural barrier to
help prevent the foot
from rolling too far
inward.
AVAILABLE AT BETTER SPORTING
GOODS AND DEPARTMENT STORES
SUNDAY
BALLET UBC JAZZ
Bodv   awareness   workshop,    free   to   club
members, $2 for others, register in SUB 216E,
1:30-3 p.m., SUB partyroom.
ST. MARKS COLLEGE
"Liberation theology: Do Jesus and Marx meet,?
with speaker Jack Costello, 8 p.m., St. Mark's
College music room.
UBYSSEY SCHOOL OF SOCCER
"Libel Bowl," 11 a.m., 29th and Camoson.
MONDAY
INTERNATIONAL SOCIALISTS-UBC
Booktabte with socialist literature,  noon,  SUB
concourse.
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
General meeting for election, noon, SUB 212.
WORLD UNIVERSITY SERVICE CANADA
Film:   "Nicaragua   —   report  from  the front,"
noon, Buch B 214.
TUESDAY
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ORGANIZATION
Weekly testimony meeting and bible readings,
noon, SUB 211.
PRE-MEDICAL SOCIETY
Lecture:  Cardiovascular and thoracic surgery,
with Dr. Jamieson, noon, Wood 1.
(^bwfo.fcairtWKinWtee^
|>«v»mn»wr<tt«!!<^«!d»aiM'>^.A*tiw
enwne it» gnM»««n*t puSfoth* point Where Bshtcwwet escape, and it absorbed Into the dwarfs
inasa. Atirfflpoto**»20penMnt<rf.«teoV»^ the star itseH
fades on a boxtfce stiape, «^af«kJn»ernWing»WackcorotMi5urround«rt. Although it 'm impossible
now to photograph tbm phenomenon, some scientists ctaim to have seen a graphic representation of
the "gt»y box" while reading student Htenttture after a wild party.
amsi
NOMINATIONS NOW OPEN
for
OMBUDSPERSON
OF THE AMS
NOMINATIONS CLOSE
4 p.m., WEDNESDAY
MARCH 20
FORMS AVAILABLE
SUB 238
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES: AMS Card Holders — 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines, .60c. Commercial — 3 lines,
1 day $4.50: additional lines, .70c. Additional days. $4.00 and .65c.
Classified ads are payable in advance. Deadline is 10:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications. Room 266, S.U.B., UBC. Van., B.C. V6T2A5
*rs*
Charge Phone Orders over $10.00. Call228-3977
COMING EVENTS
INTERNATIONAL
HOUSE
Paintings by
ELIZA HAWKINS
March 18th & 19th
Poetry Reading at
7:30 p.m.
Everyone welcome
FREE
AMS
ART GALLERY
SUB, Mon.-Fri.: 10-4 p.m.
3rd Year
B.F.A. SHOW
Mar. 18-Mar. 22
ART EDUCATION-
PRINT MAKING
Mar. 25-Mar. 29
LET US PREPARE YOU FOR THE
OCTOBER 5. 1986 LSAT
on September 13. 14. 15/1966.
For information call free
LSAT/GMAT Preparation Courses.
112-800-387 3742.
30 - JOBS
WORK ABROAD. Permanent or working
holidays. Unique newsletter listing openings overseas, $3.00. Bulletin & Jobsearch
Kit, $1.00. Work Abroad, 1755 Robson,
Box 205-UB, Vancouver, B.C. V6G 1C9.
MONITORING STATION operator, P/T,
shift wk. Good telephone manner. $4/hr. to
start. Call Donna 731-8204.
NORTH SHORE INTERIOR
College Pro Painters. Applications available at
CEC in Brock Hall (Rm 214)
HOMEMAKERS REQUIRED. Please call
Classic Personnel, 688-3641.
FREE HAIRCUTS for models. Call Gordon
at 263-4719, Sachi's.
35 - Lost
LOST—Calculator in Hennings Bldg. Rm.
200 on Friday, March 8th. Please call for
reward at 278-0457 (Phil).
85 - TYPING
DOTS WORD PROCESSING offers reasonable rates for students for term papers,
essays & masters. 273-6008 eves.
UNIVERSITY TYPING-Word processing
Papers, theses, resumes, letters. P-U & del.
9 a.m.-11 p.m. 7 days/wk. 251-2064.
WORD PROCESSING (MICOM). Student
rates $14/hr. Equation typing avail. Fast
professional service. Jeeva, 876-5333.
WORDPOWER - Editing & word processing professionals. Thesis, term paper,
resume £r form letter specialists. Student
rates. 3737 W. 10th (at Alma). 222-2661.
WORD    PROCESSING   SPECIALIST.    U
write,  we type,  theses,  resumes,  letters,
essays. Days, evgs/wkends. 736-1208.
EXPERT TYPING. Essays, term papers,
factums, letters, mscpts., resumes, theses.
IBM Selec. II. Reas   rates. Rose 731-9857.
YOUR WORDS professionally typed - to
go. Judith Filtness, 3206 W. 38th Ave.,
263-0351 (24 hrs I Fast and reliable.
MINIMUM   NOTICE:   Essays   &   resumes.
224-1342 I24 hours)
40 — Messages
SPROUT salutes the settlers
on Saturday.
50 - RENTALS
THE VANCOUVER
INSTITUTE
Free Public Lecture
Saturday, March 16
Nobel Laureate
DR. DAVID HUBEL
on
VISION AND THE
BRAIN
Lecture Hall 2
Woodward Building
8:15 p.m.
OUTDOOR   EQUIPMENT   RENTALS   on
campus. You can rent tents and other
backpacking equipment, mountain bikes
and kayaks, all at great daily, weekly and
weekend rates from Rec UBC. Call
228-4244 for infor. or drop by the cage in
Osbourne, Unit 2: 1:00 p.m.-5:00 Fridays or
Monday afternoons.
70 - SERVICES
11 - FOR SALE - Private
MUST SELLI '72 Datsun 510 S.W. Good
running condition. Some rust. Sacrifice at
$400. Call Ken 228-5581.
HIGHBACK SOFA & chair, $120, q. size
bed, box sp. & m., casters, $125,
washer/s. dryer, $40, & misc. 922-9686
eves.
ONE-WAY AIR TICKET Vancouver to
Toronto, Wardair, March 30, $100 OBO.
255-8593 eves.
SATURDAY EVENING
WORSHIP SERVICE
6 p.m. Weekly
Contemporary Communion
Guest Preachers
St. Philips Anglican Church
3741 W. 27th loff Dunbar)
Coffee Er Fellowship following service
All Welcome
JOB INTERVIEWS
In today's fiercely competitive job market
there is one tragic and inescapable fact:
The Interview is all that matters. If you
win the interview, you win the job. "How
To Successfully Win Job Interviews" is
available at the Bookstore or write: Fleetwood Press, 246B - 8155 Park Road,
Richmond, B.C. V6Y 3C9 for free details.
20 - HOUSING
MATURE M or F to sublet 1 b.r. in 3 b.r.
house, avail. May 1—Aug. 31. Fully furn.
$275/mo. 732-5120 only after 6 p.m.
25 - INSTRUCTION
LSAT, GMAT, MCAT preparation. Call
National Testing 738-4618. Please leave
message on tape if manager Is counselling.
THE WRITER ... the typist. Term papers.
Assignments. Research. Reports. Prof.
Resumes. Ghost Writing. Memoirs.
Speeches. Business Proposals. 733-1383.
GREEK ISLAND GETAWAY June 29-Aug.
2. 35 days of fun in the sun. visit London,
Athens, 5 Greek Islands and the Turkish
coast, incl. Airfare, all accom., 8 nights in
London, & much more for $2025 Cdn. See
TRAVEL CUTS or call Tour Hosts Pat,
738-9252 or Mike 224-1242.
YOUR DEADLINE approaches but draft
No. 47 is still not quite right? Don't despair!
Experienced editor will polish term papers,
theses, etc. Other services also available.
Contact Footnotes Information Et Research
Service, 430-5751.
WORD WEAVERS - Word processing,
stud, rates, fast turnaround, Bilingual.
5670 Yew & 41st. 266-6814.
TYPING: Professional presentations for
proposals, resumes, etc. Competitive rates.
734-0650 (24 hrs).
WORD PROCESSING SERVICES. Spelling, grammar expertise. Days, nights,
weekends. Call Nancy 266-1768.
PROFESSIONAL TYPING. 25 yrs. experience. Rea>onable, accurate, fast. Phone
Richmond, 271-6755.
LET JANE TYPE last minute essays for you.
Reas. rates. Fast, quality service. 879-3250
aft. 3 p.m. wkdays. Anytime wkends.
WORD PROCESSING by Adina. Discount
for all student work. 10th & Discovery.
Phone 222-2122.
AES WORD PROCESSING for professionally produced term papers, resumes, or
presentations. Stud, rates avail. 926-5169 or
732-9580.
TYPING Et W/P: Term papers, theses,
mscpt., essays, incl. reports, tech. equa.,
letters, resumes. Bilingual. Clemy,
266-6641.
TYPING—fast, accurate. Reasonable rates.
734-8451.
FAST. ACCURATE TYPING service,
editing included. Reasonable rates. Call
Rachel, 731-1970.
TORNADO TYPING near 64th and Oak.
50c/page. Terry, 325-3316 anytime.
NITELINE SERVICES word processing.
Theses typing, resumes, etc. Stud, rates.
Avail, eves., wkends. 430-6959, 437-9262.
90 — Wanted
THREE NEIL DIAMOND TIX, good seats,
for Tues., Mar. 19 or Wed., Mar. 20. Call
736-6035 or 733-0965. Friday, March 15, 1985
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 15
*
HpVL£6
Ridge Theatre (16th and Arbutus, 738-63111
El Norte 7:00 & 9 30.
Pacific Cinematheque Pacifique 11155 W
Georgia, 732-6119) The Wild Bunch March
15-16, 7:30. The Skin, March 20, 7:30. Le
Crabe Tambour, March 21, 7:30.
Subfims (SUB Auditorium, 228-3698) All Of
Me, March 14-15, 7:00; 16-17, 7:00 & 9:30. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, March
21-22, 7:00; 22-23, 7:00 & 9:30.
Cinema 16 (SUB Auditorium, 228-3698) Perfumed Nightmare March 18, 6:30 & 8:30.
Vancouver East Cinema (7th Et Commercial
Drive, 253-54551 Comfort and Joy March
15-17, 7:30; And Sophie's Choice, 9:15. Gandhi March 18-19, 7:30; Nea, March 20-21,
7:30; And Get Out Your Handkerchiefs, 9:35
Cinemawest (SUB Auditorium, 228-3697)
Death of a Salesman Mrch 20, 7:30.
The Happy End: directed by Arne Zaslove,
March 6-16, 8 p.m., the Frederic Wood
Theatre, UBC.
Dark of the Moon: a fantasy set in the
Smokey Mountains about the thwarted and
tragic love between a warlock and a human.
Open Stage Repertory Theatre Co., the Ar-
gyle Auditorium, 1131 Frederick Rd., North
Van, March 20-22 and March 25-26, 7:30 p.m.
Dark of the Moon: same play as above at
Studio 58, opens March 21, 8 p.m.
An Evening of One Act Plays: The Dumb
Waiter by Harold Pinter, Walter by Murray
Schisgal, and Lemonade by James Prideaux,
the   North   Vancouver   Community   Players,
March 21-30, Hendry Hall, C15 E. 11th, North
Van, 8 p.:n.
The School for Scandal: The Vancouver
Playhouse, March 23, until April 20, 8 p.m.
Sex Tips For Modern Girls: has moved from
Touchstone Theatre to the Arts Club at the
Seymour St. theatre until April 20, Mon.-Fri at
8:30 p.m.. Sat. at 6:30 & 9:30.
Exhibit?
Banff Fibre Show: a contemporary multimedia work at the Cartwright Street Gallery,
1411 Cartwright St., until March 31.
Contemporary   Canadian   Photography:
from the collection of the National Film
Board, Presentation House, 333 Chesterfield
Ave, North Vancouver, until March 24.
My Fascinations: Doug Biden's recent work
on paper at the Contemporary Art Gallery until March 30, 555 Hamilton St.
Third Year: 3rd year B.F.A.: showing at
AMS/Art Gallery, SUB, March 18-22,
9:30a.m.-9:30 p.m.
'86 Student Ceramic Exhibition: Emily Carr
College of Art Et Design in the Concourse
Gallery opening on March 25 and showing until April 4.
Nancy White: Canada's all-around bitch-
goddess of the great White North ... at the
Vancouver East Cultural Centre, March 26-30,
8:30 p.m.
Triumph/Angel   City:   lasers,   flashpots,   a
1,000 lamp lighting system and lots of noise,
at Pacific Coliseum, March 16.
Midnight Flyers: traditional bluegrass at the
Anzac Club, 3 West 8th Ave., 8:30 p.m.
Women's Peace Camp Benefit: with a variety of local women musicians, 8 p.m., at La
Quena, 1111 Commercial.
Scott   Ross:   A   Scarlatti   Tricentennial
Celebration: March 17, 8 p.m.. Recital Hall,
UBC Music Building.
David Wilcox: March 21-23, The Town
Pump, 66 Water St.
The Beverly Sisters: dance dance dance,
March 16, 8:30 p.m., Capril Hall, Fraser St.,
tickets: Octopus Books, East End Food Coop.
The Saint of Bleeker Street: by Menotti, an
opera which has garnered many awards including the Kennedy award in 1984, the UBC
Opera Theatre Presents the Canadian Premiere of Menotti's Pulitzer Prize winning opera
at UBC Old Auditorium, March 26-30, 8 p.m.
Andre Thibault: Flamenco and Classical
Guitar, March 20, the Classical Joint, 231 Car-
rail St.
Wufi'c
Women:s Dance: live jazz entertainment
with special guest Amanda Hughes, Sat.,
March 16. 8 p.m.; at Brodies Restaurant,
tickets available through Little Sisters Bookstore, Ariei, Vancouver Women's Bookstore,
or at the door.
I
m
i
i
PIZZA FACTORY
Traditional Greco Roman Cuisine
2630 Sasamat St.
(at 10th Ave.)
FREE
26 oz. Coca Cola
with any order over $8.00
1U /O   KJit    any pick up order
FREE DELIVERY
Open 7 Day
A Week from 224-2417
4p.m. 224-2625
Featuring Traditional Greek and Italian Cuisine
4510 W. 10th Ave. 228-9512 or 228-9513
Now Open For Lunch
Monday-Saturday
From 11 a.m.
And in addition to our participation in "Entertainment
'85" and "Solid Gold" Candia Taverna presents . . .
Monday and Tuesday Evenings are
Gold Entertainment Nights
when you and your guest can enjoy
1 Free Dinner Entree when a second dinner entree
of equal or greater *value is purchased.
No Coupons Required
FREE HOME DELIVERY
OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK
Mon.-Thurs.—// a.m.-I a.m.
Fri. and Sat. — // a.m.-2 a.m.
Sun. and Hoi. 5 p.m.-l a.m.
"Licensed Premises"
*Up to a $10 value
Ubyssmal Wed. elections
The positions of letters editor, photo editor, OUP editor,
eatePtetoment editor,*8ports editor, business manager,
teresOgaflve journalism ooordinator, Tweens and
Hot Bashes editor -are ops. Put up a position paper
by Tuesday midnight. Stagings are Wednesday,
12:30 pm. sharp.
Danny Grossman Dance Company: a Toronto based modern troupe that promises gutsy dancing. March 19-23, Vancouver East Cultural Centre, 8:30 p.m.
RED LEAF
RESTAURANT
unchvon Smorgasbord
'Thpntic Chinese Cuis/tu
228-9114
10'v DISCOUNT ON
PICK UP ORDERS
LICENSED PREMISES
V,...   Fn     11   30  4 00  1/   iv
'lOSIO SATURDAYS
CUECKE'g
;> TIME V
vwwwv
Monday Thru Saturday
All Appetizers
1/2 Price + 50c
4 RM. - 7 RIYi.
682-1831
TIM
■yTthaSM
overlooking English Bay	
i*U2£corner of mi *™2r+
Save with Greyhound's
new Frequent Traveller
BONUS TICKET BOOK
Now! Greyhound travellers who travel frequently between any two
cities or towns can get 25% more with Greyhound's Special Bonus
Ticket Book. Ten rides for the price of eight.
Your choice, use in either direction whether travelling alone
or as a group.
Convenient savings for business commuters, college students,
or anyone who makes frequent trips to the same destination
and likes to save!
For more information, call Greyhound today.
Greyhound
Canada *
We drive, you save — with us, the bus Page 16
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, March 15, 1985
Conservative editor seeks endorsements
By JULIEN FELDMAN
Canadian University Press
OTTAWA — The publisher and
editor of a new national conservative student newspaper is
soliciting endorsements from
ministers in prime minister Brian
Mulroney's cabinet.
Francis Willers, who has been involved in several U.S.-funded right-
wing publications, has distributed
pre-publication copies of his newspaper, the Canadian National
Review, to most cabinet ministers.
In an accompanying letter, seen
but not obtained by a CUP reporter,
Willers requests any and all "flattering remarks you care to give us."
"My media plan is contingent
upon flattering letters of endorsement," Willers writes in the letter.
He claimed he has received
favorable endorsements from
defense minister and deputy prime
minister Erik Nielsen, and from
Harvie Andre, minister of supply
and services.
Aides to both ministers denied
knowledge of the letter or the en- '
dorsements.
While most ministerial aides also
denied knowledge of the Willers letter, several stated they understood
all ministers had received both the
letter and a pre-production copy of
the Canadian National Review.
Two press secretaries responsible
for drafting correspondence for
their respective ministers said their
bosses were instructed to offer
Willers only "the best of luck in
your new endeavors," but to stay
clear of any open endorsements.
Willers, a part-time McGill
University student, was responsible
for a string of seven conservative
newspaper clones which appeared
under different names on Ontario
and Quebec university and college
campuses this past fall.
The newspapers were funded by
two U.S. organizations, the Institute for Educational Affairs in
New York and the Tennessee-based
U.S. Industrial Council Educational Foundation.
The pre-production copy of
Canadian National Review contains
several articles reprinted — without
credit — from the Princeton Tory,
"Princeton University's Journal of
Moderate and Conservative
Thought."
Tory editor Yoram Hazony told
CUP that he was aware the articles
were being reprinted, but had since
"heard a lot of bad things about
him (Willers)."
The Princeton Tory receives 85
per cent of its $15,000 budget
through grants provided by the IEA
and the USIC Educational Founda
tion.
Hazony said the Educational
Foundation's goal is to "build a
core of student journalists who will
take just anything but the entrenched liberal media position."
One of the reprinted Tory articles
praises the movie Purple Rain for
its "overwhelming conservative
bent," and its "veneration of
monogamy, self-sufficiency,
patriotism and piety." The second
article advocates job-sharing to accommodate women's desires to
have professional careers while
maintaining a home.
An interview with U.S. vice-
president George Bush by Willers
was previously published in his string of seven newspaper clones. A
"founding editorial" also by
Willers proclaims:
• this publication will strongly encourage entrepreneurial activity.
• that government can play a
positive role in economic development in cooperation with the
private sector.
• that the enjoyment of our
democratic freedoms require the
presence of security forces to protect these rights.
• that Canadian National Review
can have an important role in
presenting an alternative viewpoint
from that found in most student
papers.
• although we encourage outside
funding, we insist on editorial
autonomy.
Jonathan Cohen, student
newspapers co-ordinator at the
IEA, informed of the Canadian National Review, said "the unusual
drive, determination and obsession
of Mr. Willers continues to surprise
me."
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Sprint sports MacPherson-strut front
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Sprint turns full-circle in just 9.2 metres.
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