UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 6, 1981

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Vol. LXIII, No. 60
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 6,1SS1
Escape from pit of death
The following is a true story about the experiences of a young man in the
Ukraine during August and September of 1941, when Nazi forces were rapidly
advancing across the Ukraine.
This narrative was written in July of 1979 in a concentration camp in the Soviet
Union by Danylo Shumuk, a non-violent Ukrainian political prisoner, who has
spent more than 35 years of his 65-year lifetime in prisons and concentration
camps. At present he is serving a 15-year sentence for having written his memoirs,
a series of autobiographical sketches like the following narrative. Soviet authorities, who have often been accused of trying to rewrite history, have judged Danylo Shumuk's memoirs, which cover several historical events, to be "anti-Soviet
propaganda." In view of his poor health, the present 15-year sentence is essentially a life sentence, as it appears unlikely that Danylo Shumuk can survive until
In the narrative, David Shostak is Danylo Shumuk. The pseudonym was invented in the hope that the story would not be confiscated by camp authorities.
The story found its way to the West, was translated, and is published here for the
first time.
A whole battalion of unarmed soldiers assembled in the village of Maiorshchyna, near
Pyriatyn. They camped near the village in a
large old orchard, while rumors circulated
that they were to be sent to work in war factories in Novosibirsk. The officer in charge
of this special battalion was a captain, but it
was obvious that he was in the same straits as
his men, for there was no gun in his holster.
During their third day in the orchard the officers in charge of the battalion and companies disappeared, and the soldiers began to
form groups according to their place of origin. There were 17 men from the Lyuboml
district in the battalion, and it so happened
that they spontaneously gathered around David Shostak. He had found a good pair of
binoculars, a map board with topographic
maps, and a compass in the orchard. These
military "attributes" seemed to truly give
him the air of an officer. But David did not
acquire these items to pose as an officer,
since he had never aspired to such a position.
In his present situation he simply needed binoculars and topographic maps. The scoffing
of his compatriots was friendly and spontaneous, thus he felt no special obligation toward them, and acted independently.
Early in the morning of the second day
after the officers had disappeared, David
boiled some pea soup in his mess tin, ate it,
and walked over to a pond on the other side
of the road. It was quiet. There were no soldiers nearby. David jumped on a swing
beside the pond and started to sway. Suddenly a mortar shell exploded about 10 metres
away. Then another shell exploded on the
other side. A shell fragment shattered the
support of the swing, and David quickly
abandoned it. The Germans began to fire
mortar shells throughout the entire orchard.
David ran to the encampment of his battalion, where he was greeted with cries:
"Where the devil have you been?"
"We've been running around looking and
shouting for you, and you disappear!"
"We have to do something. We can't sit
here with folded arms while the Germans
wipe us out with their mortars!"
"Well, what is left for us to do," said David. "We should go in the direction where we
hear the least shooting, then it will be clearer
which way is best to turn."
"Then let's go! Let's get out of this hell!"
they all shouted at once and began to scurry
"I suggest that we go through the orchard
and down into the gully, then along the gully
to the steppe. There doesn't seem to be any
gunfire in that direction. We'll go wherever
the gully takes us," said David.
"Never mind suggestions and stories. Just
lead us out of here!" they cried out.
On the steppe, on both sides of the gully,
some people were running from one stack of
wheat to another, setting them ablaze. Watching this spectacle made everyone feel awestruck. It is difficult for those who till the soil
to watch a crop being burned. Each grain,
every morsel of wheat is sacred to a peasant,
for bread — that is life.
In this manner, through gullies and ra
vines, they made their way to Koravai. The
village was full of people in military uniforms, but it was no army, it was a rabble.
All around villages were burning, and the
crops were afire in the fields. The din of rifle
and machine gun fire pressed in closer and
Stray horses, cows, sheep and pigs roamed
the steppe near the village. Soldiers had occupied almost all of the buildings, and it was
some time before David's group could find
an empty house. They finally stopped in the
courtyard of a small building which was almost hidden in an orchard alongside a road
on the outskirts of the village. They were amiably welcomed by the woman of the house,
who immediately told them:
"Boys! You may be hungry, but I have
nothing besides potatoes. Get me something
to go with the potatoes, and I'll prepare as
much as you want, any way you like it. There
is plenty of meat running around on the
Everyone looked at David, who quickly
caught on to what she was saying.
"Well, who among us is a bit of a cowboy?
We have to catch one of those strays wandering about on the steppe."
Several butchers from Lyuboml went to
work. They quickly and deftly lassoed a small
pig, then expertly did everything to ensure a
tasty and nourishing dish to go with the potatoes, and that there would be something
left for their hostess. In the meantime, she
prepared some mashed potatoes and even set
out some dill pickles. Everyone had his fill of
home cooked food, and then went to sleep in
the orchard under the open sky.
The woman woke them up early in the
morning. "Hurry up, lads! Get up for breakfast! The Germans are approaching the village from all directions."
"Where are the Germans?" they all asked
at once.
"They are already shooting at the village
from all sides except the far one. The Germans have set up machine guns behind the
haystacks there, and that's where the soldiers
are surrendering to them."
Everyone got up quickly, washed, and sat
down to breakfast. Suddenly, a girl from a
neighboring house ran up.
"You're still here! All the soldiers who
slept in our house have already gone to surrender."
"But why? They're armed, and still they
gave themselves up of their own free will to
be imprisoned?" asked David, almost to
"They simply threw down their arms, tore
the stars off their caps, and turned themselves in. The Germans say that those who
surrender before noon will be given some
documents and sent home, but those who
don't surrender by noon will be killed."
"Who have the Germans been speaking
to? They are not even in the village yet," asked David.
"There are no Germans here yet, but some
strangers are going through the village, and
telling the villagers and the soldiers this."
Only David spoke with the girl, while the
others listened and kept silent. When she left,
he asked the woman of the house:
"Is she really your neighbor?"
"Yes, she's a neighbor. Also a Komsomol
activist, but her father is of German origin."
"And what do you think about what the
girl said?" David asked his compatriots.
They all answered at once:
"She was telling the truth."
"If even those whom the Party entrusted
with weapons are surrendering, then what of
us, who are unarmed and held in contempt?"
"If the Germans issue any documents,
then we'll surely receive ours, and we'll be
sent home."
"The Soviet authorities declared that we
were all politically suspect. Furthermore,
we're all from the western provinces."
All those who had voluntarily left their fate
in David's hands, and had gladly done everything he suggested, were transformed after
the conversation with the girl. A concrete
hope had emerged in their minds — that the
Germans might issue them documents and
send them home. These new thoughts and expectations seemed to be etched on their faces.
This was a time of crisis for David. He had
to immediately decide what to do. Seeing this
in his expression, they all kept their eyes fixed
on him. After thinking for a few minutes he
"For the time being, there's no need to
hurry. Those who can't wait can go to the far
side of the village and see what is going on
there. When you come back, we'll talk things
over, then decide what to do and how to proceed "
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Page 2
Friday, March 6,1961 The long march to the prison camp
From page 1
Everyone remained silent for a few minutes
and seemed to be confused. This silence put
him on his guard, for he felt that something
ominous was being concealed. A husky butcher from Lyuboml spoke up:
"Why should we wander here and there?
We'll all go to the other side of the village,
take a look, make a few inquiries, and decide
there on the spot what to do."
"We have no other choice; we're encircled
by an iron ring and we have no weapons. Our
officers have abandoned us, and there's no
way we can avoid being taken prisoner.
Where else are we to go?"
The situation was indeed hopeless. The
mortar fire of the Germans was closing in
from all sides. After thinking for a moment
David went, together with his compatriots, to
the other side of the village.
About 300 metres beyond the village were
two large stacks of wheat, from which two or
three German soldiers emerged from time to
time. Wave after wave of Soviet soldiers
came out from all corners of the village, approaching the Germans without any weapons, and with their arms raised. To David
this entire spectacle was odious, repugnant,
and humiliating.
A young German soldier with rolled-up
sleeves pointed to each Soviet soldier who
still had a star on his cap, and growled at
each to remove it and hand it to him. The
prisoners promptly carried out the command, while he, with a satisfied smirk on his
face, took the five-sided stars and put them
in his pocket, yelling and swearing at those
who approached him without stars. David remained silent when ordered to take off his
star. The German yelled at him, grabbed the
cap off his head and tore the star off, then
angrily threw the cap in David's face.
The Germans herded them from the village
to a small railroad station, and two or more
units of prisoners of war were brought there
on the same day. All of the prisoners were
tired, depressed and hungry, but no Germans
even thought of feeding them.
The following day, hungry and sleepless,
they were herded further, not to the west, but
to the east, following the fronf. Towards evening they approached the city of Lubny.
They were chased into the courtyard of a demolished factory, and another large unit of
prisoners was brought in soon after. The
hunger and fatigue of the prisoners became
SHUMUK . . . still imprisoned
more and more unbearable, and the Germans
didn't even allow them to pick up whatever
the kind and generous women of the Poltava
region threw to them. The prisoners slowly
began to lose hope that the Germans would
issue them documents and send them home.
Three German officers arrived in a passenger car on the site of the factory, bringing
two wooden boxes and a large camera. After
examining the surroundings, they set up their
equipment in a root cellar. All of the prisoners congregated around that cellar, and some
of them again began to speculate:
"They have probably brought documents
for us in those boxes."
The Germans quickly began to unpack the
'valuables.' The prisoners waited anxiously
holding their breath. Then suddenly two of
the officers began to take pastries and cigarettes out of the boxes, and threw them into
the crowd. They scattered these "goodies"
around at appropriate intervals intentionally,
in order to delight at the sight of these unfortunate, starved and exhausted prisoners
throwing themselves at the pastries and cigar
ettes while trampling each other. In the
meantime, the third officer was hastily taking
photographs of this nightmare. David did
not join the massive throng, but only looked
on from the sidelines.
In the evening they were driven farther to
the east. They were herded along side roads,
and through villages and hamlets. The villagers watched them with great sympathy,
thinking that perhaps some of their own relatives were wearily trudging along in the column. In all the villages and hamlets the people would throw them melons, cantaloupes,
apples, pears, carrots, bread and crusts. The
escort guards beat with rifle butts or shot at
anyone who broke the ranks of the column to
pick up a carrot or a crust that fell two or
three steps away.
Thirst soon began to torment them even
more than hunger, but there was no way to
satisfy it because the escort guards did not allow them near any water. As soon as darkness fell, one at a time, the prisoners began to
nearby wells to gulp down at least a small
mouthful of water. The guards shot at them
with short bursts of gunfire. But thirst even
overcame the fear of death, as some prisoners, disregarding the shooting and the corpses, still ran and eagerly drank.
Neither could David restrain his thirst, but
first he carefully considered in which direction and at what moment he could dash out
to a well with the least risk of being exposed
to gunfire. When he saw a woman drawing
water from a well near a house behind some
lilac bushes at the same moment when the
rear escort guard ran after another prisoner,
David quickly ran to the well and drank his
fill of good fresh water. But he did not resolve to escape, and afterwards could not
forgive himself for this lost opportunity.
They were marched along roads which had
been broken up by heavy vehicles. As they
trudged along one such road after a rainfall,
some prisoners simply fell down and drank
straight from the puddles of rain water, gulping the water down with all sorts of filth. The
guards would direct long bursts of gunfire at
them. As a result, near every puddle, and
sometimes in the puddle itself, from three to
seven or more corpses would usually be left
behind. The guards fired at the prisoners in a
matter-of-fact fashion, with great abandon
and without the least feeling of remorse, as
though they were driving in goals at a soccer
They arrived in Romodan early in the morning, and were again taken to the site of a demolished factory. Within a few days, almost
40,000 prisoners were herded in. The officers
were housed in barracks, while the other prisoners stayed among the ruins of the factory
under the open sky. They remained here
without food for three days. On the fourth
day, eight field kitchens and some German
cooks arrived. The prisoners from Georgia
came up to the kitchens in a large crowd and
formed three tight circles around them, holding each other's arms to prevent anyone from
getting to the kettles before they had eaten
their fill. No one could interfere with them,
for here the Russians and Ukrainians did not
represent any organized force. They were all
overwhelmed by their own misfortunes and
each person was on his own. At the same
time, the Germans had their own plans. They
led a column of former officers out of the
barracks and, stopping them near the kettles,
a German officer said in broken Russian:
"First we'll feed your officers, and then
we'll feed you, the rank and file. So make
room to let the officers get to the kettles."
The Georgians who had encircled the field
kitchens did not move and remained silent.
They were not even considering letting anyone through to the kettles. The hungry crowd
hissed and there was a feeble commotion. It
appeared that the Germans would have wanted to provoke such a reaction, because they
immediately began to photograph this disorder. In the confusion, David became separated from his few remaining compatriots.
He had no intention of approaching the kitchens, and when he heard that the soup was
made of horse meat gathered at the front, he
felt completely repelled by the kettles.
Early in the morning of the fifth day the
Germans began to lead them away from the
factory site. At the gate each person received
three raw carrots and was placed in a column.
From Romodan to Khorol they were herded
along a paved road. The weather was fine. In
every village the people again threw bread,
biscuits, cantaloupes, and other kinds of
fruit, and the Germans again shot at anyone
who dared to take one step to the side of the
'TREE OF LIFE' . . . Russian dissident art.
column to pick up a piece of biscuit or dry
bread. David lost all his strength, and could
not keep up with the column. He began to
fall behind, passing from one row of five
prisoners to another, until he found himself
at the tail end of the column. Three German
soldiers with machine guns and two large
German shepherd dogs marched behind the
column. If anyone lagged behind it, they
would first set the dogs on him, and later,
when the laggard no longer reacted to the
dogs, he was shot and left behind on the
road. When David realized that he was only
three to five metres away from inevitable
death, he harnessed his remaining reservoirs
of strength to avoid this fate. And with death
only a few steps away, he just managed to
reach Khorol.
The prisoners were stopped near some
buildings in front of the large gates of an
empty prison camp, enclosed with barbed
wire. Towers equipped with searchlights were
located at the four corners of the camp, and
German soldiers armed with machine guns,
pistols, and grenades with long wooden
handles manned the towers. The Germans
quickly frisked them and confiscated all
knives, razors, compasses and topographic
maps. They found a compass and a topographic map on David, and beat him up on
the spot. The prisoners were then chased into
the camp — the most terrible death camp in
the Ukraine. Only a few individuals from the
camp had ever managed to reach freedom,
and they were predominantly from villages
near Khorol from where their wives and the
village elders could come to vouch for them.
The camp territory was divided into two
sections by barbed wire; one-half was a clay
pit about two and a half metres deep, and the
other half was level with the ground. A gate
linked the two halves. At first the prisoners
were all released onto the even section, then
the gate was opened and they descended into
the clay pit. As soon as they got into the pit
everyone laid down on the dry clay and fell
Early in the morning of the next day they
were awakened by the furious cries of German soldiers, who chased them with sticks
onto the other half of the camp. Tubs of
soup and boxes of bread were placed near the
gate between the two sections of the camp,
and two Germans in white smocks ladled out
the soup while another two handed out the
bread. The soup was always thick, and contained no salt. Every day they received half a
litre of soup, and once every three days they
were given two hundred grams of black
bread. The prisoners had no dishes, and not
all of them had spoons, so they often poured
the miserable soup into their caps, the flaps
of their overcoats, or the folds of their
tunics. Every day the feeding was accompanied by beatings. Four German soldiers with
cudgels stood alongside the cooks and beat
everyone in turn for moving too slowly, for
everything had to be grabbed on the run.
They had to be rotated at this special task
every two hours, as though they would be too
tired to administer a proper lashing after this
time, while the cooks were rotated every four
hours. Before nightfall they were all chased
back into the clay pit, and again beaten. They
were "fed" in this fashion every day.
During the first few days David walked
from one end of the pit to the other, looking
for someone he knew, but in vain. It was as
though all his friends had disappeared into
the ground. He was alone, and as every day
passed, it became more and more difficult for
him to while away the time in the pit.
Friends, acquaintances, and those from the
same village or region could at least lie down
back-to-back at night, warming themselves
before falling asleep, but a loner had nowhere to turn during the day or night. Autumn was slowly approaching, and the nights
were becoming steadily colder and colder.
Then the rains came, and the clay became
soggy. Each prisoner's strength ebbed as
every day went by. Women, risking their
lives, approached the camp and threw biscuits, cantaloupes, carrots, pears, and other
food across the two barbed wire fences.
Thousands of starving prisoners would throw
themselves at the food, knock each other off
their feet, and snatch the food out of each
other's hands, or sometimes even out of each
other's mouths. As a result of these skirmishes, several people were trampled and left
behind forever in the rain-softened clay
which had been churned by the prisoners'
Next week The Ubyssey prints
the second part of this excerpt
from the memoirs of Danylo
Shumuk, which appears thanks
to UBC Amnesty International.
Friday, March 6,1981
Page 3 Nootka explored
It has often been stated that,
among Canadians, the inhabitants
of the Pacific Northwest are the
least informed concerning the
history of the area in which they
The Nootka Connection
by Derek Pethick
Douglas & Mclntyre
This thesis can be supported by
an example: Nootka. If pressed,
most people could make a guess at
its location, but very few realize
that this sound on the west coast of
Vancouver Island, unknown to
white men until 1774 and almost
totally ignored by them since 1795,
was the focus for a confrontation
between five nations, and almost
the cause of a war in Europe. It is
this little-known chapter in the
history of our own region that
Derek Pethick covers in his new
book, The Nootka Connection.
Nootka Sound was first sighted
in 1774 by the Spanish captain Juan
Perez, but it was not until four
years later that it was first entered,
by Captain James Cook of Britain.
Since 1774 interest had been growing around the world in the fur
trade that was developing with the
natives of the west coast. The importance of the discovery of
Nootka, a perfect natural harbor,
was immediately apparent, and
ships from Britain, Spain and
America soon congregated in its
Naturally enough, friction
developed over sovereignty, and the
matter was brought to a head in
1789 when the Spanish constructed
Fort San Miguel on the shores of
the sound and armed it with cannon. War in Europe over the question of the sound was prevented on
28 October, 1790, when Spain and
Britain signed the Nootka Convention. This agreement provided that
certain ships seized by Spain be
returned to the British, and that
land in Nootka officially belonging
to Britain be ceded to Britain.
Even more fuel was added to the
argument by two other compounding circumstances. In 1493, the
Pope had divided the western
hemisphere between Spain and Portugal. By this papal decree, the
whole of North America was
Spanish. On the British side,
however, John Meares claimed that
when he had arrived in Nootka in
1788 he had bought the land from
the local chief Maquinna and had
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erected a large building on it. If this
were true, then Britain would have
a strong claim to Nootka through
prior discovery, effective occupation and outright ownership. Conflicting testimony over Meares' actions made it impossible to decide
what land should be ceded to the
British, so "the famous Convention . . . proved too obscure to be
The tension between Spain and
Britain was decreased by, of all
things, the French revolution. The
Spaniards decided that their eyes
should best be kept on the
Pyrenees, and not the shores of
Nootka sound, and relaxed many of
their trading restrictions.
The beginning of the end came
late in 1793 with a reassessment of
Spanish policy, deciding, among
other things, that Nootka sound
was expendable. The curtain finally
came down on the drama of Nootka
in 1795, when Brigadier-General
Alava of Spain handed over control
and ownership of the sound to Lt.
Thomas Pierce, R.N.
The author, Derek Pethick, is no
stranger to the Pacific Northwest or
the field of history. He was born in
Victoria in 1920, and still lives in the
Victoria area.
The Nootka Connection is structured in such a way as to show all
facets of each important event,
viewing it from all sides. Though
mostly clear, this structure
sometimes leads to confusion where
two views of a single occurrence are
from such diametrically opposed
positions that it is difficult to reconcile the two accounts.
Stylistically, it is finely constructed, with smooth flowing prose
that carries the reader along
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sides of an issue, his own feelings
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cynical turn of phrase that injects
a little spark into the narrative. This
is not entirely to be praised since it
colors, albeit subtly, the reader's interpretation of certain circumstances.
Concerning his retelling of these
historical incidents, Pethick writes
in his introduction, "If the reader
finds them interesting or enlightening, the author's efforts will be well
repaid." He need have no doubt
about that.
1981 - 1982
Student Administrative Commission
Applications will be received for
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Room 266, S.U.B.
Applications may be picked up
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Matinee — Thursday, March 12 — 12:30
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ntegral sewn-on fly
201 - 4795 Kingsway, Burnaby
Prizes * Prizes * Prizes
0 Kitstar 50BC Thyristor Bounce Flash
from Kits Cameras
0 Pentax AF 200S electronic flash
from Pentax of Canada
0 Prize from Lens and Shutter
presently being negotiated
0 Two photo albums
from Rushant Cameras
0 8 x 10 inch color enlargements
from Master Color Photo Lab
0 Processing and printing packages
from Crystal Finish Color Service
Unmounted B&W prints (minimum size 5 x
7 inches) must be handed into SUB 241K by
March 16 at 12 noon sharp. Include name,
student number, phone number and
category on back of each print (press lightly). Photo categories are: physical, social
and intellectual.
This is your big chance
for fame and glory —
don't miss it!
Page 4
Friday, March 6,1961 B It themes hard,
but show works
'The show
certainly is
worth the
30 minutes
it may
take from
a mid-term
Can a group of 15 artists put on a
successful show that has essentially
no common thematic base? The
third year bachelor of fine arts
studio show at the SUB art gallery
seems to have been able to overcome this problem.
The show is at first glance no
more than a diverse collection of art
representing student artists approaching their work from various
perspectives but on closer examination there are certain common
elements. There are distinct
similarities in approaches to theme
and techniques used by the artists.
The technical similarities are
associated with the use of layers.
Major symbols are clarified by interaction between layers or are
altered by forcing the viewer to see
through the layers.
Veils of layers make some of the
works seem ambiguous although
this is not necessarily deterimental;
some artists see the need for being
at least a little vague.
Three blatantly political works
from a Marxist perspective by
David Howard are among the first
one encounters. Pix one and pix
two are studies of the accidental
juxtaposition between word and
concrete image and they serve as
implicitly simple statements for the
Between these works is a piece,
Wooden Gate that is the only one
of three that successfully challenges
the gallery atmosphere. It is an old
child retaining gate, wrapped in
plastic, bound with string and blotted with blood red paint. The conflict between the gate and the
somewhat transparent surrounding
layers produces an emotional effect
that is somewhat haunting.
Howard uses layers to illuminate
but the layer obscure the drawings
and the painting of Ingrid Koenic.
The painting is titled Ich Ich Ich
and evidently the artist is comfortable in this medium.
and electric wire is a frustrating
piece. The work strongly invites
contemplation but defies the
observer to find a handle to further
explore it.
Either the artist has not given the
Arnold Hedstrom photo
The works are clinical in the processes used but they are also a
technical evaluation of artistic
Politics rears its head again in
Annette Smith's sculpture entitled
ii i ii i iiuiftsi
COLSON'S . . . world of cowness, udderly wonderful.
The painting is a portrait of sorts
but the faces are obscured by layers
of line and colour swirling in the
space between them and the composition of the strongest figures
which seem oddly autobiographical
are in the foreground. In fact the
shadowy, almost grotesque, faces
hiding in the background seem a
most accurate record of human
condition. The drawings and paintings are on the same subject but the
balance between foreground and
background is more even, and the
faces more general. The result is a
more dynamic atmosphere about
the drawing compared to the painting's soft contemplative light.
There is a different mood intirely
in Cathy Ord's sculpture and drawing; the drawing is of the sculpture
and vice versa. The subject is a two-
dimensional house drawn with
child-like strokes ignoring any formal concept of perspective.
The drawing is done in bright
pastel but the message is more subtle. Two flames are trapped within
the frame of the house. Suddenly
the idyllic, curling, smoke pouring
out the chimney appears as an
ominous sign.
This sudden shift in standpoint is
a favourite trick with Ord and the
piece is titled In Relationship to Me.
The sculpture, also pastel coloured, has a pleasant monumental
appearance. At the center of the
house frame is another frame containing a bird joined to the house
frame by yellow net. The net's
outline draws a cross within the
house frame. The bird seems trapped by the layers between is and the
outside but the feeling evoked is
that these layers are self-imposed
and the force required to remove
them is trapped inside. This is a new
direction for the artist and one feels
the progression will get more
specific and intense.
Brian Korenber's sculpture, Electric Blue, using driftwood, metal
viewer enough to work with, or the
free booze was beginning to add a
layer not usually present.
Korenber's other sculpture, Drill,
presents a much clearer statement.
The skeleton of a pair of hands
formed from copper wire holds a
drill to the end of a long metal
structure in the appearance of a
sickle. The political sentiment is
rather clear.
The show is not without its
lighter moments. Ruth Colson has a
mixed media installation of sorts
which she describes as reflection of
Jug for The Third World. There is
little ambiguity in Smith's work on
the contrary, her issues are simply
and directly stated.
Deep in the lower section of the
gallery is a print by Kathy Smail. It
is an interpretation of the sculpture
that stands in front of the Pacific
Press Building on Granville Street.
The print transcends the fact that it
is secondary to another art work
and works by itself.
It is impossible to cover all of the
artists in the show but their exclusion here is no comment on the
INGRID KOENIC . . . with her work Ich Ich Ich.
her attempt to see the world in the
terms of cowness. An udder shaped
bag lies on a beach with cow tails,
an udder bathing cap and various
other appropriate items. A more
careful arrangement would have
highlighted the nature of the work
better than the haphazard arrangement the artist employs.
The morbid faction is represented
by Sandra Van Nes, in three related
prints called Clinical I, II, and III.
The dead bodies of small animals
have been used as impressions for
printing and the rest of the spaces
are a discussion of the morbid impressions they generate.
quality of their work. Certainly the
growing pains of the young artist
are painfully evident at this show
but much of the art transcends its
limitations and works on an intriguing level of thought and communication.
The show is certainly worth the
30 minutes it may take from a midterm schedule. It will be in the SUB
gallery until March 13 and it is open
from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday to
Friday. It is comforting there are
some fellow students managing to
grow in perceptive and creative
ability in UBC's somewhat insular,
academic environment.
Friday, March 6,1981
Page 5 Piano passion
Musical movie
makes strong showing
In a movie season that's seen
more dogs than a fire hydrant, The
Competition is an unexpected
Beautifully conceived and executed, the film has all the earmarks
of a winner — a strong screenplay,
capable acting by a first-rate cast,
fine direction and an admirable
musical score.
The Competition
directed by Joel Oliansky
playing at the Vogue
But critical acclaim for The Competition has been conspicuously
subdued, perhaps because the film
presents some unconventional views
about male-female relationships.
Richard Dreyfuss and Amy Irving — alias Paul and Heidi — are
rivals in a prestigious San Francisco
piano competition that will hurl the
victor to fame and fortune as a
world-class concert pianist. They
are also in love, a situation that has
been known to complicate simpler
situations than their's.
The stakes are high. Paul, if he
loses, will be forced to accept a
dead-end position with the school
board teaching the scale to pre-
pubescent tyros. But he is falling in
love with an opponent who may
deprive him of his final opportunity
to break from obscurity.
Here lies the crux of the plot.
Should Heidi withdraw from the
competition so Paul will have a
greater chance of winning? If she
doesn't resign and goes on to win
first prize will Paul have the
strength to cope with being overshadowed by her success?
The result is an amusing film that
is poignant without being maudlin.
The Competition occasionally dips
into an abyss of banal sentimentality, but the overall effect of the
movie is so satisfactory that one can
overlook these faults.
The Competition is interesting
for its insight into the backrooms of
a piano competition. For the film
Dreyfuss and Irving trained so they
could play the instruments
themselves — a touch that lends
credibility to the story. The music
(which had to be dubbed in) is excellent — enjoyable even if you're
not a classical music fan.
The one disappointment is
Dreyfus, who does little more than
reproduce the irascible-but-
charming Duddy Kravitz character.
Despite a script which sometimes
gets mired in hokum, The Competition is a finely-crafted and immensely entertaining film that isn't
getting the credit it deserves.
Occasional   coarse   language;    nudity   and
suggestive scenes.
B.C. Director
2:45, 5:05, 7.25, 9:40
685   5434
#||«.|gy|   Wsrning: Frequent coarse language
V**W^*»  and swearing. -B.C. Director
Showtimes:  2:10,  3:60,
5:50, 7:50.
1 Barbra Streisand
Gene Hackman
(Msn^A    Warning: Occasional coarse language.
■*-"-'    -B.C. Director
Showtimes: 2:00, 3:40, 5:40,
7:40 9:40
*m granv.ue SHRINKING
^665-6828        LILY TOMLIN    CHARLES GRODIN     WOMAN
■(MATURE)    Warning:  Some violent scenes and     ^Oj
|KIiiia_.^    coarse language.—B.C. Director ^Cl
Showtimes: 2:15, 4:05,
6:05, 8:05, 10:05
Wsrning: Occasionsl coarse language.
-B.C. Director
Showtimes: 7:30, 9:40 plus 2 p.m.    iKlHFtTiWafc^ii^
<->lurri>u-<-|in<ulv. ^RaJl^T&iM
Ssturdsy-Sunday. ^^J^tMI<1
cambie at isth JANE FONDA L1LYTOMLIN ^
_876 2747 DOLLY PARTON l?mL
I (mature)
Showtimes: 1:45, 5:00, 8:30
6   nominations   inct
DUNBAR  at  30th
"beat picture"
l/..>«>A    Wsrning:    Occssionsl     pgjj™?.vnil.A
[(MATURE)   coarM ^.ge _bx    Chr^£Tll<P
|707   W   BROADWAY 7:15,9:15
Warning: Occasional suggestive
scenes. —B.C. Director
bROAd wa-
70 7 w   BROADWAY
Showtimes: 7:30, 9:40      <i||   l^lllf]j|p^^l^
7 nominstions incl. Jji^^^/^s--^^lD>k_
"Best Picture" *t£jlSy**_ai4r■;|?^^-*JttB»»>
Warning:   Some  nudity and sex.
— B.C. Director
Portugese W/Eng. Sub.
■1375   W,  10th
7:30, 9:30
"Richard IH" Sunday at 2 p.m. only
Howza 'bouta Sauza?
Numero uno
in Mexico and
in Canada.
►a,, »«■•-. 40% alc./vol.
700 ml
See the
Then See
the Movie.
Watch film reviews, clips,
and features on FLICKS,
this Sunday at eight on
Channel 10.
Student Discounts
Complete Hair Service
For Men & Women
3144 W. Broadway
Vancouver, B.C.
Take notice that the Student Court is convening
to hear the following matter:
The alleged theft of two buttons and the alleged
assault of Mark Edward MacDonald by one
Robert Waite at 2:30 p.m. on Tuesday, 12
February, 1981 in the main concourse of SUB.
The hearing is to be held on Tuesday, the 10th
day of March, 1981 at 7 p.m. in Room 260 SUB.
Persons desiring to give evidence or submissions
on this matter are directed to give notice to the
Clerk of the Court, 228-4846 or Room 100A SUB,
before commencement of the hearing.
♦     THE     |
Selected   Used   and
New clothing and
Household Articles
at reasonable prices.
2621 ALMA
\etween 10th & 11th)
— Produces a Student Handbook to be
given out at Registration
— Responsible for Copy, Layout, Securing of Articles, Proof-Reading, Etc.
— Produces a UBC Events Calendar
Both positions are Paid
Applications available SUB 238
Page 6
Friday, March 6, 1981 Dark comedy probes domesticity
Australian director Peter Weir's
latest film, The Plumber, is an interesting, dark comedy-mystery
about an intellectual held hostage
by a menacing plumber whose purpose and aims are never made clear.
The Plumber
directed by Peter Weir
opening Monday at tbe Ridge
In The Plumber, the potential
victim is an anthropologist who is
finishing her thesis at home, and the
antagonist is a lowly plumber who
suddenly appears at her apartment
door one day and claims the
bathroom pipes need fixing.
The seemingly innocent visit by
the plumber turns into a
psychological nightmare for the
woman who believes the plumber is
subtly but intentionally tormenting
her. Her initial fears become extreme paranoia when the plumber's
visit, only 20 minutes, stretches into
days as he keeps coming back to the
apartment, she thinks, to drive her
out of her mind.
What the plumber wants from
her is never explained, nor does it
matter. The confrontation between
the woman and the plumber isn't
physical; it's purely a contest of
wills and a humorous one too. He is
obviously a member of the lower
class. He dons a "Liberal Equals
Cut Taxes" sticker and a "Save the
Whales" button on his bomber
jacket; she is an upwardly mobile,
middle-class anthropologist studying a primitive, exotic tribe.
The woman cannot, or will not,
communicate with the plumber.
While she attempts to understand
the culture of a New Guinea jungle
tribe, she is unable to relate to a
member of her own society. The
irony of the situation isn't lost on
director Weir who reveals the
characters' personalities gradually
until by the film's end we're not
sure who is the tormentor and who
is the victim.
What appears to be a clear act of
premeditated aggression against the
woman and her husband, a scientist, may be only an illusion. We're
never sure. Is the plumber really
menacing, or is the woman merely
Weir isn't the type of filmmaker
who supplies his audience with neat
answers and solutions at the end of
his films. Loose threads are left
hanging and the mystery remains
unsolved, and perhaps unsolvable.
There are disturbing undercurrents
in The Plumber which aren't fully
Weir plays with our expectations
about the conflict between the
plumber and the anthropologist.
Weir's   calculations   and   twists
KANTS AND MORRIS ... is he playing with her pipes or her mind?
aren't as tight and taut as Hitchcock's were, for example, but he
achieves something disturbing and
sinister in The Plumber. The neat,
near-perfect world of the intellectuals is turned into a maze of confusion, as symbolized by the intertwined pipe structure the plumber
creates in the couple's bathroom.
The Plumber was originally made
for television and it shows. There
are a lot of closeups and the characterization isn't as rich and well-
rounded as in Weir's feature films.
Still, The Plumber is an impressive little film, with acute and
economical performances. Judy
Morris is fine as Jilly Cowper, the
woman   who   confirms   Samuel
Johnson's fears about the dangers
of an overactive imagination, as is
Ivar Kants as Max, the sometimes
pleasing, at other times brash and
bullying plumber.
The Plumber and Picnic at Hanging Rock will be playing at Ridge
from Monday March 9 through
Sunday March IS.
Rivers and the never-ending flow
Multi-instrumental   Sam   Rivers
and his awesome quartet covered a
relentlessly wide range of musical
expression Wednesday night at the
Soft Rock Cafe. They kept it interesting on all counts, kept it tinder
perfect control and improvisatory
membranes sounded for all the
world like a throng of molten metal
geese spat loose from the parched
lips of an exploding blast furnace.
Lanky loose reedsman Rivers
opened up the first of the evening's
two sets leaning on his tenor sax like
a sleepwalker at a lamp-post. His
solo chewed and wailed its way past
guitar and acoustic bass at the Soft
Rock Cafe.
Schizoid and restless, hopping
and dipping, Rivers led his crack
unit on a non-stop infernal foray into a staggering, overloaded world
that was alternately lusty and
humorous. The squawks and
shrieks emerging from brass, wood
to the dizzying hilt, lured, taunted
and exhausted it past all material
Amid   whoops,   bellows,   cries,
guttural   muttering   and   laughs,
comments and asides from one or
two sidemen during a Rivers' tenor
sax solo "Yeah, Yeah! In-tense!" a
disturbing evening of free-style jazz
emerged from saxes, flutes, drums,
and reed and brass valves visually
blurred at high speed.
Immediately after the first
number came a more regular and
less chaotic fusionary rendering of
bass, drums and George Bensonlike electric guitar shrugging off
simplicity with an amazing drum
solo by Steve Ellington. Rivers
seated himself at a piano, eyes closed, head nodding then dashed quick
snatches from the piano during Ellington's extended solo.
The excited interplay that flowed
between them bore testimony to the
20-odd years that the two have jammed together.
Whimsical clusters challenging
the two others flashed back in intervals adapting tone and color as
necessary to a range of treatments.
In keeping with the unpredictability of his format, Rivers' eccentric piano pounding ended suddenly
and sweetly with thoughtful sounding notes which brought laughs
from guitarist Jerry Bird.
It was Bird's fluid guitar playing
that highlighted the next portion of
the non-stop set. Twisting with increased frenzy, Bird groaned out
loud in his no-holds barred solo
which was soon joined by Rivers,
Ellington and Skip C. Bey on bass
— all timed in perfect sequence.
Like a wavefront alternately angry
and gentle they wooed and
stimulated a hypnotized crowd.
Bey's bass became more prominent as the other three faded into
silence. Making the most of the
unenviable position as a substitute
bassist for Dave Holland, Bey
shone with intensity during his grinding solo.
At times indulging in bizarre
three-note combinations, Bey's
work elicited. "Not bad . . . uh-
huh" from Rivers and "yeah, curry
powder ..." from Ellington,
their comments merging into
laughter and shouts before Rivers
picked up a soprano sax, Ellington
bashed out clicks and clatters on the
rims of his drums ;•
Rivers astounded everyone again
on soprano sax — this time humm
ing along with his extended solo
shaking at the knees and exploiting
the entire range of his instrument.
Then Bird dazzled with an initially
mild then lightning charged guitar
solo, alternating slow, lingering
tunes with relentless scurries and
They skipped back into beat
flawlessly as the other three joined
Bird's poetic shadows. Rivers supplied comic Gregorian vocalizing —
no words as such but tons of inflection — as Bird and Ellington plowed on then Bird simultaneously
hummed and played his flute, provoking laughter from the audience.
His solo briefly yielded to some
sparkling interplay between Bey,
Ellington and Bird before looming
up again and jamming with Bird's
amphetamine guitar licks.
Rivers took the forefront once
again near the close of the first set
— this time scatsinging and blathering away to his soul's content; his
sidemen continuing to mesh
together, Rivers pausing now and
again to introduce the three other
What had to have been the most
wide-open, inspiring evening of
freestyle jazz communication this
year, urgency sandwiched tastefully
with bliss, was shaped by the Sam
Rivers Quartet before a wildly enthused crowd. No, Dave Holland
was not there but this niggling fact
didn't bother anyone at the Soft
Hairy puce blorgs in this tiny island
kingdom have broken from war
talks, plunging the nation into unprecedented civil peace.
Correspondent Plague 'o'
Crooks of the Daily Blat reported
from the tranquillity-torn capital
that the oppressive blorg government is hoping fresh arms ship
ments from the U.S. could break
the serene stalemate in which government forces have bogged down
in the jungles under constant attack
from ennui.
Good for George
Boom boom, out go the
lights. . .
. . . and several neurons and
all self-control. George
Thorogood's concert Tuesday
night at the Commodore was
one occasion where you had to
be severely out of it to appreciate
the raw energy of the crazed
bluesman when plying his craft.
Not that you had to lower
your critical standards when
boppin' to Mr. Thorogood but it
sure does help to become totally,
well, involved.
Thorogood plays an absolutely undiluted brand of blues-rock
that leaves most of his competitors wondering what hit
them. He doesn't hold anything
back, playing the most
screeching and intense rock and
roll imaginable. If he doesn't
have such a great voice, well who
cares, his guitar speaks volumes
anyway. Also it doesn't hurt to
do the best duck walk this side of
whatever car lot opening Chuck
Berry is playing. The man can
Thorogood believes in his
music, and likes to tell people
about it. "Don't watch me," he
told the crowd at one point, "get
up there and dance!" And some
people actually did, although
many preferred to join in the
pulsating throng of Thorogoo-
dians in front of the stage. You
could feel the sweat in the air.
The man himself sticks to
tried and true crowd-pleasers
like John Lee Hooker's One
Bourbon, One Scotch, and One
Beer and throws in a few local
references just to keep the
natives happy. He knows how to
work a crowd, jumping into it
with abandon, getting people involved with the music. Truly a
people's performer, although his
promotion of the products of
our own Canadian brewing industry was perhaps a bit excessive. Must have been a good
night at the bar.
Sometimes the pace slowed
down enough for Thorogood to
want to do some laid-back blues
but for the most part he stuck to
basic rock, which is all
everybody at the Commodore
Incidentally, the warm-up
band, who shall remain
nameless, were abysmal. Words
fail to describe how shortchanged everyone felt by the rank
idiocy of the misplaced garage
band that through some perverse
error appeared on the same bill
as Thorogood.
Friday, March 6,1981
Page 7 Feminist Morgan cries: 'Here is
Her invitation is unpretentious. It has no
gilt edges, no golden script, no false words.
Instead, it speaks directly; it beckons,
soothes, draws inward and pleads for
In Robin Morgan's words, it is feminism's
"Here is my hand. Breathe me in. We are
dancing in the still-warm ashes of our burnt-
away selves, endlessly birthing. Insurrection.
Resurrection. Come along now, you too,
don't you think its time we started?"
The words are from her latest book Going
Too Far. They are spilled from a New York
author, a poet, a woman at 40 who has struggled with her own consciousness, her self-
radicalization, marriage, motherhood and
life itself. Like many, she has won. She has
fought the male myths that brand feminists
as ball-busting, bra-burning bitches. She has
unearthed the lies that perpetuate classism,
sexism and racism.
As editor of Sisterhood is Powerful, the
first anthology of writing from the women's
movement in 1970, and participant in the
much-heralded first demonstration against
the Miss America pageant, Morgan has actively experienced the anger, frustration and
alienation that all women face. In her own
words: "To be female and conscious is to be
in a continual state of rage."
As part of UBC women's week, Morgan
visited Vancouver and shared her support,
wit, sensitivity and ideas with local women.
In the past teargassed, imprisoned and condemned, Morgan, the mother of an 11-year-
old son, has now emerged as an international
feminist, a woman committed to unwitting
women across the globe in sisterhood.
"Some women are more active, some
don't know they're in it yet, but all women
are in the women's movement," she told an
informal group of 35 Vancouver women, at
Women in Focus, 456 W. Broadway. "We
must look for the similarities and respect the
difference amongst ourselves. We can't all be
the same and say the same things or we're in
danger of 'Leningitis.'
"We have developed antennae out of our
oppression. Men should become more like
us, not vice-versa."
Morgan says that newly elected U.S. president Ronald Reagan, who is against women's
reproductive freedom and the equal rights
amendment, has in fact generated more
energy, mobilizations and coalitions within
the nation's women's movement to fight
back. "The pathetic ones from before are
now rolling up their sleeves and getting back
in there," she said.
It is essential that all women remain receptive and open to those suffering around
them, said Morgan. She broke down and
cried while describing her own lack of support for a friend who was labelled "mad"
and recently committed suicide.
"We told her she was wrong for being
mad. We didn't listen to her," said Morgan.
"That's our grave error. We didn't know.
We were profoundly ignorant and we lost
To recognize and know what a woman
needs, we certainly must learn. It's about
really listening to each other's pain and not
making asinine judgments."
Morgan's personal form of empathy and
support often surfaces in her poety. While at
UBC last Friday evening, she read a yet-to-
be-published poem "Whitesound" which
captured the emotions she experienced at a
male-female artists' colony in Saratoga Springs, New York; it lashed out against the expressed hostility, sexism and racial jokes that
marred her month-long stay.
Later, some women criticized her UBC
speech as too esoteric to contain a direct,
meaningful message for all women. Others,
including two who wrote a letter to The
Ubyssey, complained that Morgan's poetry
reading was too self-indulgent, her speech
too superficial or restricting.
Yet, in her personal contacts, it is evident
that Morgan feels deeply concerned about
the daily problems women face. She was near
tears when telling an interviewer of the ongoing struggle and projected goals of the
women's movement. She takes strongly her
role of helping local women solve
troublesome situations:
"There's nothing like getting out and
meeting with women in different areas and
learning from them first hand what is going
on there and then passing that on to women
in another town," she told The Ubyssey.
"Because you can get to leave the next
morning you're allowed to say things that
women in that community cannot for fear of
losing their jobs, or for fear of being
suspended from school, etc., so you sort of
come in some place and say, okay how can I
best be used? Tell me what you need.
"And then they will sometimes say, well
such and so man has been sexually harassing
women on the job or such and so is the problem on campus ... so one will be a tool in
their hands, which I think is one good purpose of it (a speaking engagement)."
While giving interviews and during lunchtime conversation, Morgan was continually approachable and amiable, with no holier-
than-thou mystique. She cracked jokes and
made faces at an interviewer, inviting women
to share their thoughts with her. The following is an excerpt of an interview conducted by
The Ubyssey and Vancouver's Co-op Radio.
How do you understand international
feminism? What do you mean when yon talk
about that?
Well, I mean at the most basic, it's the
hope of the world. There's already the beginnings of a strong, alive, enormously energetic
international feminist movement, even between the Mexico City conference at the start
of the UN decade for women five years ago
feminist. Men can never, to my mind, know
what it's Hke to be a woman in a male-
defined world.
Well, I don't call men who are supportive
of what we stand for feminists simply
because although I certainly think that the
political philosophy that feminism is, can be
and should be embraced and supported by
men, we as women have relatively so little
that when I hear a man calling himself a male
feminist I feel ripped off.
So I tend to say that if a man is really committed and it's not just lip service I would
tend to call him a pro-feminist or an anti-
sexist male or an anti-supremacist male.
Now, for one thing, those names are going to
get him in more trouble with other men
which I think is a good sign and they will in a
sense force him to carry the banner among
other men which is where he should be doing
it. He shouldn't certainly be telling other
women what to do.
In the long run clearly the feminist vision
will not only free women but will utterly
change, transform and free men and save the
planet and save sentient life on the planet.
It's also very true that in the short run certain
realities come forth . . . men have power, no
one likes to give up power easily.
There is a backlash, there is resistance,
there is rage ... it is pervasive and
disasterous so that like you, I shimmer back
When I hear a man calling
himself a male feminist
I feel ripped off.
and the Copenhagen conference just last
year . . . there was an extraordinary leap in
consciousness, in commitment, in activism,
in networking which was fantastic.
Incredibly exciting things are happening,
different in texture, different in culture, different in political priorities, sometimes different in tactics and strategy. But the basic
connections are really there. Women are a
majority numerically in the human species so
that this I think has such incredible potential
one can't even imagine the fallout from it.
I mean, in Copenhagen, for example,
publically, at least at the official UN conference, there would be politicking and nationalist priorities, etc. but the corridored
diplomacy, the ladies' room diplomacy, the
sitting in cafes until three in the morning and
laughing and crying and comparing notes
with women from Zambia and New Zealand
and Sri Lanka and Brazil was extraordinary.
. . , And the individual vignettes like a
Palestinian woman and an Israeli woman crying in each other's arms that really made it.
You mentioned that the women's liberation movement is the first radical movement
to have its policies based on personal experience, and with that, the accompanying
rage, guilt, alienation of being a woman. I'm
wondering whether you think in the true
sense of the word feminist a man can be a
between my post-revolutionary vision and
pre-revolutionary reality.
I know because I'm the mother of a male
child that sexism is not generic, that in fact
children are born, to use a spiritual term, in a
metaphorical state of grace and that these are
societal things. They are taught, they don't
have to be taught. Children can grow up as
human beings and I want to see that happen.
A male friend of mine asked, "Why didn't
you bring a Canadian feminist who was actively involved in, say, the labor movement,
something that is real for women, that is out
there, that affects us all? He seemed to not
recognize art and poetry and authorship as a
legitimate experience. It seems that some
people cannot judge art as a political experience. I'm wondering if you could comment on the difference between reality and
art, or is there a difference?
Well, I think he's coming from at least
three places with that statement. One is that
male radical movements, like the rest of the
patriarchy, have been much more compartmentalized. They're not into synthesis in the
way that women tend to be.
Male-led revolutions have usually turned
into coup d'etats which then turned around
and stood their artists, who has very often articulated the vision before anybody else, up
against the wall and shot them . . . they've
even done this with themselves, with male artists.
So . . . he's just articulating a standard
patriarchal line and not understanding the
profound political effect that art has and that
a revolution without its artists is on its way
already to simply becoming the enemy.
The other thing I think though, is that
what he's saying is sort of reminiscent to say,
oh white southerners in the United States
who said our blacks would be perfectly happy if only these northerners didn't come
down and stir them up. It's the outside
agitator accusation.
I don't think he understands that feminism
is an international phenomenon, that part of
our vision is that we not only don't observe
but rather we are antagonistic to the idea of
patriarchal boundaries . . . the only way to
bring about the kind of vast and drastic
change we're talking about is by talking
across boundaries of nationalism, class, race,
age, sexual preference, you name it.
And in the third place I think he is coming
from, which is certainly an understandable
one, is the feeling that Canada has been
culturally and economically colonized by the
United States or at least the U.S. has tried to,
which is why I made a point last night of saying that I am in so much trouble with my own
government (laughs) . . . that I hardly speak
in any capacity as a representative of it.
Most of what we have heard about the
American women's movement here in
Canada in the last five years has been the
ERA campaign. What's happening to the
ERA and what are American women
organizing around now?
It's just going to be much, much harder
with the Reagan administration, which is not
to say that the Carter administration was a
feminist hope of heaven, on the contrary, but
this is disaster, what we are facing
now ... In fighting the very well-financed
and well-organized ultra-right we are fightng
on so many fronts it's like you close the
doors and they come in through the windows . . . We are being pushed back rapidly
unless we exercise a lot of vigilance . . .
What the ERA stands for is hardly what I
would say the feminist revolution is about.
The problem has been that it's one of those
things that if we get it it won't even make that
much difference. If we don't, it will make an
enormous amount of difference.
It's quite comparable, I think, to the struggle that's going on now in Canada of getting
women into the constitution ... the only
constitution (laughs) . . . how astonishing it
is that with the chance to start, in a sense,
from scratch even though it's a hundred-odd
years this scratch has been going on, it's
basically the same sort of fight.
You and I, we might know that just having
the law in the books is not going to make the
kind of difference that we need ... On the
other hand, it's at least a gesture and
although you can't legislate morality, you
can try to legislate practice.
What part of you is anarchic in your
political makeup? I'd like to know for maximum change, how much are you prepared to
se women work within the system, to compromise, being called that horrible word
"liberal"? How much is working through the
federal system, through legislation, going to
bring about change for women? Do you
believe in working beyond that and creating a
new process or working within the one that
Both and everywhere. I didn't always.
There was a point in the late '60s and early
'70s when I was so pure that I could have
levitated. Like many of my sisters, I had
nothing but scorn for women who were
working within the system in any way. I
mean, even women who went to law school
or wanted to get into med school, let alone
women who were running for office.
(Morgan said later with sarcasm: "In the
'60s if you weren't black, lesbian, Jewish,
physically disabled, of the right class, had
two female children which you got through
artificial insemination, then you weren't a
I think that was extremely arrogant and
very self-defeating of us although I understand the response for it. But I think a number
of things have happended in the U.S.; one is
that the ideas of radical feminism have really
filtered out more through the rest of the
Page 8
Friday, March 6,1981 my hand. Breathe me in.'
Movement groups like National Organization for Women, for example, in the late sixties didn't even want to touch the issue of
abortion or lesbianism or rape. They concentrated only on what they call 'bread and butter' issues like discrimination. They didn't
want to use the word oppression, it made
them nervous (laughs).
And there was then, in subsequent years, a
big change. At the same time a lot of radical
feminists began to find that while we were the
ones who were continually throwing up the
ideas and the theories, that we lacked the
organizational skills to keep groups together,
that we certainly lacked the funding, that we
lacked a lot of networking.
So there has been much more give and take
now and I know individual women who have
been working within the systm who I really
consider radical feminists. I mean, for example, Eleanor Holmes Norton ... she was the
young, black woman lawyer who was the
counsel for student non-violent coordinating
committee . . . we'd been teargassed
together, we'd been on marches together.
Well, then Eleanor by a fluke, (Carter
regretted this as soon as he had done this,)
was appointed to head the equal opportunities commission. There ain't no way that
that woman's selling out. I mean, what she
did within the first six months was to snip so
much red tape the ground was littered with
ribbons . . .
I think that we literally have to be
everywhere, in the legislature and in the
streets, but not settle for only one or' the
other because that's the only way that we
keep each other honest.
*   •   *
So, Morgan is hopeful and optimistic in
her fight to end women's oppression. She
warns against feminist elitism and quick
judgments of women. In Going Too Far she
"If there must be judgments at all, let
them be not one where a woman is coming
from, but on what she is moving towards, let
them be based on her seriousness, her level of
risk, her commitment, her endurance."
In addition, men must ultimately be a
source of strength, not division, says
Morgan. For women, she claims: "Where the
man is concerned, we must not be separate
fingers but one fist."
Fight back.
'Sexual problems plague couples'
There's only one name for a person who advocates masturbation,
sexual fantasies and premarital sex
— a sex therapist. Claude de Martino who runs a westside Sexual and
Marital Development Centre is one
such psychologist who specializes in
sex therapy.
De Martino, a former faculty
member of UBC's psychology department, diagnoses and treats sexual problems in the tradition of
human sexuality pioneers Alfred
Kinsey and Masters and Johnson.
A sex therapist is likely to see a
variety of sexual problems, from
premature ejaculation, impotence
and, less frequently, the inability to
reach orgasm in men to orgasmic
dysfunctions and dyspareunia
(painful intercourse) in women, he
"These dysfunctions may occur
right from the beginning of one's
sexual experience or a person may
be functioning quite well sexually
then bingo! — suddenly they're not
functioning well."
In fact, sexual problems are more
common than many people realize,
says De Martino. "Fifty per cent of
all couples will experience some
form of sexual dysfunction in the
course of their relationship," he
said. Of these, about 95 per cent
will have a psychological cause, he
Sex therapists differ from other
psychologists because they concentrate on treating sexual dysfunctions rather than the underlying
psychological problems, said de
The usual treatment procedure is
to counsel the dysfunctioning couple, whether homosexual or heterosexual, to dispel any misconceptions about sexuality and then to
prescribe sensual home exercises.
These exercises are designed to
combat each couple's specific dysfunction.
Most people who consult sex
therapists are involved in a relationship, with singles accounting for
only five per cent of a therapist's
clientele, says de Martino.
Sex therapy is a relatively new
field. The last few decades have
seen a considerable expansion of
the knowledge about human sexuality through the early studies of sex
researchers like Masters and Johnson. But this knowledge still has not
filtered through to the public, says
de Martino.
Ignorance and misunderstanding
account for many sexual problems.
Cultural myths, misinformed peers
and family members can perpetuate
erroneous assumptions about sexuality from one generation to the
next, he says. Even professionals
like a family doctor are not necessarily well-informed about sex if
they have relied on the same misinformed sources.
MARRIAGE . . . not all fun and games for 19th century couples
One-quarter of all human sexual
problems are due to a lack of accurate information, according to figures released by Masters and Johnson and the human sexuality program at the University of California
in San Francisco.
Although both sexes suffer from
the effects of sexual misconceptions, women's sexuality has been
both underrated and greatly misunderstood, says de Martino.
Our society lacks outlets for
transmitting sexual information and
unless women have read the books
of Masters and Johnson and, more
recently, Shere Hite, they will remain unaware of many aspects of
their sexuality, he says.
Women's sexual awareness could
be better heightened by reading the
Hite Report than by judging their
problems from their own experiences, he says. "A woman (may)
see that she doesn't react as a male
does but she may not necessarily
understand that other females don't
One false and common assumption about female sexuality is that
all women can achieve orgasm
through intercourse, the so-called
vaginal orgasm and that women
who do not are "sexually immature," to use Freud's term.
De Martino says it is not unusual
for women to seek treatment for inability to orgasm through intercourse, perceiving it as a sexual dysfunction. In this case, the therapist's first task is to make these women aware their sexuality is very
comparable to the majority of women.
"As you may remember from the
Hite Report, 70 per cent of the women in that sample did not orgasm
through intercourse," he adds.
"Only 30 per cent did on a regular
basis. Eight-two per cent of the
whole sample orgasmed consistent
ly through masturbation so it
wasn't an orgasmic problem per
Sometimes the realization that a
woman falls within the range of female norms is enough to make her
comfortable with her sexuality, de
Martino says. But if she wants to
explore becoming more orgasmic
through intercourse a sex therapist
may prescribe specific exercises for
the muscles around the vaginal orifice, called Kegal exercises, or suggest she become what Hite calls
more assertive sexually — for example, by assuming the female superior position.
orgasmic truth
Various treatment programs have
been designed for women who have
never been able to achieve orgasm
through any means. Helen Singer
Kaplan, a Cornell University sex
therapist, boasts a 100 per cent success rate in treating these primarily
non-orgasmic women.
Part of her program encourages a
woman to explore her sexual feelings through masturbation, and if
that still does not result in an orgasm Kaplan suggests she use a vibrator.
De Martino recommends the use
of a vibrator "if all else fails" but
not without some reservations. "I
try to keep her away from it in the
beginning because if she's going to
orgasm through clitoral stimulation, she's going to orgasm much
more easily with a vibrator than
with manual stimulation, and if she
does that in the beginning she won't
even bother trying it manually."
Premature ejaculation, a condition slightly more common in men
than impotence, is the result of not
learning how to control the reflex
phenomenon of ejaculation. "Once
the reflex is triggered, the male —
unless he has any sense that this reflex is going to occur any moment
now — ejaculates before he; even
knows he's ejaculating," says de
One difficulty in treating premature ejaculation is that once the
male becomes concerned and particularly anxious about it he ejaculates even more quickly, de Martino says.
De Martino employs the standard
"stop-start" technique to treat premature ejaculation in which the
man's partner is instructed to apply
stimulation directly to his penis so
that he can become aware of the
sensations that occur just before
ejaculation. When he feels ejaculation approaching, stimulation is
stopped until the feeling subsides.
"If he is able to become aware of
these sensations, say 30 seconds before, then stop all stimulation, the
sensations will subside and the
reflex will not be triggered," he explains.
Anxiety can further complicate
erectile problems in a man who is
always or occasionally impotent because performance fears are part
and parcel of the masculine stereotype. De Martino says: "The feeling that it is expected of us to perform, not just sexually but to
achieve in every aspect of life, is a
very big part of our concept of mas
culinity and of course it becomes
part of our sexual concept of ourselves as well. And so we become
much more vulnerable to any failure at achieving, and particularly in
But not all men panic or become
anxious when unable to get an erection on one or more occasions. De
Martino suggests the more susceptible a man is to feelings of failure
and low self-esteem the more likely
he will suffer a strong reaction to
The usual treatment of impotence
is to ease performance fears by instructing the couple to engage in
sensuous foreplay but forbidding
them to have intercourse. When an
erection occurs in this unpressured
situation the man is encouraged to
let it subside and then return to
foreplay until his penis again becomes erect. Doing this a number of
times will serve to increase his confidence.
After a few days of these exercises the couple is allowed to have
intercourse, but if his impotence returns they revert to the non-demanding foreplay.
It is difficult for a man to understand female sexuality when he is
tied into "just a purely male model
of sexuality," says de Martino. But
the more a man can express tenderness and gentleness, and play both a
passive and active role, "the more
he's going to be able to identify
with a woman's experience (and)
understand female sexuality."
Premarital sex, "if done responsibly," and masturbation are two
very important ways for both men
and women to explore their own
sexuality, says de Martino.
Couples who marry with little or
no sexual experience may be more
susceptible to sexual problems.
"There's no doubt about it, the
more experience one has, the more
opportunity one has for learning:"
De Martino says he strongly supports masturbation as an important
source and a very early way to discover many things about one's sexuality. "And it's a very pleasurable
experience as well," he adds.
Masturbation can be a convenient means of reducing tension or a
way of engaging in sexual activity
through fantasy that might not be
conducted with a partner, he says.
Many sexual problems are the result of society's general taboo
against sexuality, including any sex
that occurs outside of the marital
bed, like premarital sex and masturbation.
Potential changes de Martino
sees are high school sex education
courses that concentrate on sexual
enjoyment and importance of sexuality in relating to another person.
Such a course would be easier to
have in a university setting but UBC
still does not have a course in human sexuality, he says. "I'd like to
teach a course there."
Friday, March 6,1981
Page 9 Letters
A letter to everybody
To our dear (but not so beloved), AMS president, Marlea Haugen:
Please end our confusion about your stand on
student involvement in the business affairs of the
AMS. We are under the impression that the AMS is
the students' organization.
Is Jon Gates an exception that he may be involved, but the rest of us are to cower under your
dictatorship? Your statement in The Ubyssey Tuesday, "It would be a mistake for students of this
campus to bother themselves with the business affairs of the society" leaves us in confusion. We
humbly await your pronouncement.
To the engineering undergrad society:
Thanks for a great idea, particularly in light of
the new beer prices in B.C.
Since the Pit is our pub, and since the Pit has a
profit, and since a hell of a lot of students want
more reasonable prices; it seems a damn good idea
to follow the gears' lead in Pit price policy for formulation!
To the students of UBC:
It seems time for a campus-wide building fee revolt in the style of the famous California tax revolts
of recent years. We know very few students who
want to continue pouring our hard-earned cash into
the bottomless pockets of petty politicians.
This is particularly true when they appear to be
hell bent on building monuments to their own egos,
(or as others would say — mutual masturbation in
cement!). It seems the obvious reply to the March
referendum on the continuation of the SUB building fee is NO!!!!
We see no problem, however, in holding future
referenda on specific projects. Until such time we'll
have to look to our neighbors in California for
leadership in overthrowing excessive taxation.
We hope it doesn't take UBC students long to
follow their leadership and take action to end the
unwarranted SUB building fee!
Linda Wallbaum
geography 2
Edward McLaren
agriculture 1
BCPIRG: it's your choice
Your recent article, entitled
McLaren hacks halt PIRG?
outlines the rejection by the McGill
student society of a referendum
proposal by McGill public interest
research group organizers
Contrary to practise here at
UBC, the McGill student society retains the right to block student
referendums even if the referendum
proposals enjoy student support.
The situation of the BCPIRG
organizing club is far different from
that of McPIRG.
The AMS constitution empowers
council to hold referenda if student
support is widespread. BCPIRG
organizers collected over 4,300
signatures in the largest all-student
petition in UBC history.
The McGill student council expressed concern that there were not
sufficient controls on PIRG activities; and that the organization
had not yet proved itself in practice.
In terms of controls, BCPIRG will
be incorporated under the societies
act and will thus comply to all the
necessay criteria:
• democratic elections of the
PIRG directorship,
• open meetings, and
• public scrutiny of PIRG
finances and activities.
In addition, students who choose
not to support BCPIRG can receive
a fee refund; and if in any two consecutive   years   a   majority   of
PIRG should not need
levy to raise its funds
The vigorous arguments advanced by Bhagwant Sandhu and Gary
Marchant in favor of BCPIRG are
somewhat spoiled by references to
the "inane attitudes" and "perturbing fallacies" of students who
don't share their views. This
smokescreen of invective hides the
serious reservations that many of us
have about the proposed BCPIRG
fee levy.
For those who support it,
BCPIRG is a fine idea. A fee levy
would certainly liberate the group
from the rigors of fund raising and
allow it more time for productive
work. Unfortunately, our recent experience with the SUB referendum
shows that levies, once in place,
tend to remain in place, since the
special interest groups which
benefit can easily block their
removal. (Remember the two
choices on the SUB ballot?)
What we need is a watchdog
which will prevent BCPIRG from
betraying its promised objectives.
Sandhu and Marchant would probably want to create another committee, but the task can be done
much more effectively by the free
market mechanism of public fund
raising. If BCPIRG is as good as it
claims, then it won't have any trouble raising money.
If it turns out to be just another
political group, then only those who
support it need pay for it.
Remember that the very presence of
a fee levy (optional or not) tends to
lend credence to groups which claim
student support, a fact regretted by
many of us who have had to endure
the antics of the AMS, BCSF,
TAU, CUP, NUS and so on.
Instead of imposing a fee levy, we
should use some of the AMS
surplus to give BCPIRG a good
start, and then allow it to succeed or
fail on its own merits. A referendum to this effect could easily be initiated by the AMS. This way, we
can use impartial free market
mechanisms to provide the checks
and balances needed to keep
BCPIRG responsible to the
students it claims to represent. We
don't need another fee levy.
Andrew Milne
grad studies
We would like to thank the president of the UBC Socred club for
elevating obnoxious to unparelleled
heights. Our preconceptions of the
Social Credit party, honed through
years of involuntary observation,
were found to be far too charitable.
The party has switched its focus
from one of amiable incompetency
to a comical attempt at intimidation.
Midway through the tirade
against the unfortunate in the first
row who had the temerity to question the role of the environment in
the Socred industrial nirvana, we
started watching the doors in anticipation of the arrival of the shock
Perhaps our Ken Doll should
have worn his armband over the
acrylic tweeds rather than under.
Was he feeling defensive about the
subject material, or did he just want
his social poise exhibited for the
masses on CKVU?
James Hatton
commerce 2
students demand this refund the
BCPIRG will consider its mandate
lost and thus self-destruct.
The ultimate control on BCPIRG
will be exercised by students
themselves who through petition
and referendum procedures can
always revoke BCPRIG's AMS fee
levy. The PIRG concept is not proven here in B.C., but it is based on
effective working models in the
U.S., Ontario, and Australia. The
BCPIRG has been approved in
principle by student council, as its
objectives coincide with those of the
AMS, ". . .to advance the cause
of higher learning in the province of
We have been advised by the administration that students can
receive directed study credits for
BCPIRG research at the discretion
of their departments. The long process of formulating an effective and
resiliant constitution and by-laws, is
nearly complete. These documents
will be made available to students
next week for further input and
The problems of McPIRG are of
course only temporary, the PIRG
idea is a good one and the students
at McGill will solve their own problems. Here at UBC there is both an
effective constitutional process and
widespread popular support for the
PIRG idea.
You can find out more about
BCPIRG next week at our information booths and our public forums
in SUB.
Whether students at UBC wish to
have a public interest research
group for their benefit, is an issue
that will be determined by the
students themselves, not their council of representatives. A student
referendum will be conducted from
March 16th through the 20th, so
ultimately the choice is up to you.
Rick Klein
arts 2
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Especially those who type their
letters, triple-spaced, on a 70 space
typewriter line, because these are
the people who are most likely to
see their letters printed sometime
before next Durin's Day eve.
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter and
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity, legality and taste.
Neatness counts.
Think first
Much as The Ubyssey is oriented towards campus and student
affairs, it is time to reflect upon what is happening just beyond the
gates. And what is happening is the imminent possibility of a province-wide general strike which will affect everyone.
Today there is a general strike on Vancouver Island which will
last for only one day. But if B.C. Telephone doesn't attempt to
resume bargaining in good faith, the B.C. Federation of Labor has
promised to call a provincial strike.
They're serious.
And with good reason. Have you ever noticed that whenever
unions go on strike, the Socreds trip over themselves to see who
can legislate the workers back to work first? Or put provincial
pressure on the unions to resume bargaining in good faith?
Notice how that attitude changes when it is management which
is causing the problem?
If the B.C. government wants to maintain any pretence of serving the people who elected it, and not the corporations who run it,
it would apply the same measures to B.C. Tel.
Obviously the Socreds won't, and equally obvious is the fact the
people and workers of this province will have to stand up to the
corporations if we want to put a stop to their outrageous abuse of
government trust and provincial laws.
The Ubyssey is just as reluctant as the next person to encourage
a general strike. But if a strike by everyone is the only way B.C. Tel
can be forced to act responsibly, then so be it.
Think about it. And if indeed there are picket lines and lockouts
throughout the province by Monday, think before you violate what
they stand for.
Reach out
All over the world prisoners of conscience are languishing in
camps, prisons, or 'hospitals' because they dare to express what
they believe. And to put it bluntly, there's really not a lot we can do
to help them. Probably the last thing on your mind if you're looking
forward to another day of hard labor or political re-education is
what some obscure university newspaper has to say on your
But all the same we've got to try and reach out to those unfortunate enough to be the long-term guests of the state. Which is our
way of asking people to sign Amnesty International's letters in the
SUB concourse urging the Soviet government to free Danylo
Shumuk, a political prisoner in the USSR.
Shumuk is just one of thousands of others like him, people imprisoned for purely political reasons. And we're lucky enough to be
able to present an excerpt from Shumuk's memoirs this week
which we hope will offer a glimpse into the absolute hell he inhabits.
So try and think of all the unnecessary pain and suffering that
goes on in the world and get angry. Some day there'll be enough of
us and we'll raze all the prisons to the ground.
March 6, 1961
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments,
228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Verne McDonald
"Awright, up sgsinst ttw will, you snivelling commie punks!" snsared Nsncy Campbell ss she levelled
her Colt .46 st Interlopers Chris Gainor (the bourgeois media pig) and Kathy Ford (UIC bum). The Ronnie Rally was Just gstting under way when Verne McDonald got Chartes Campbell and Steve McClure
in the sights of his Remington and picked them off like ducks. Julie Wheelwright ran in wielding a
Kalishnikov, only to find herself in the middle of a firing squad made up of Eric eggertson, Dave Robertson, Lori Thicks, Heather Conn and David Firnian clutching their trusty Uzis. Glen Sanford feft naked
without the little pocket gun he usually keeps in the drawer next to his bed. Jamie Andrews ventilated
Evan Mclntyre, Shaffin Shariff and Jennifer Ryan with his M16. Nigel Fmday and James Glee played
Russian Roulette with Jo-Anne Fslkiner's derringer. The winner of the two-out-of-three roulette game
and other gunners will show up at Julie's this weekend for Sunday dinner or they will be nuked severely.
Page 10
Friday, March 6,1961 The engineer as victim
"Engineers who in high school
were normal males . • . were
dazzled by these people whom
everyone seemed to respect."
Pity the poor engineer.
Does that sound like a strange
statement? Does that sound like a
sarcastic statement? Does that
sound like the kind of statement
that was written to make you laugh
out loud?
Most people at UBC would agree
emphatically. The population of the
university is divided roughly into
two groups: those who are impressed by the engineers' lack of inhibition, and those who are disgusted
by their obnoxiousness.
The idea of either of these groups
feeling pity for an engineer would
be equally ridiculous. After all, a
gear does what he does of his own
free will, so whether good or bad,
we have no reason to feel sorry for
him. Right?
Wrong. The engineers of UBC
fool all of us — including themselves — into thinking that their alcoholic, sexist, obnoxious lifestyle
is entirely their own choice. In the
past decade, we have become aware
of the tremendous pressures society
traditionally puts on women to
force them into roles such as sex object and housewife; and yet at the
same time we have neglected the
similar pressures that society puts
on men to force them into what
could be called the Classic Male
Stereotype. In fact, we neglect them
to such an extent that we believe
that men take up these roles voluntarily.
We are all familiar with the Classic Male Stereotype: a man who can
give and take any abuse, who is under no one's orders, who has a driving, virile heterosexuality. We also
know that almost every man looks
laughable when he tries to be a
But the UBC engineer, and the
vast majority of men, are aware
that most of society still approves
strongly of men who strive for all
these characteristics. A classic engineer is an exaggerated, glorified
form of the Classic Male Stereotype.
The first CMS characteristic, the
giving and receiving of abuse, is still
prominent with the gears, although
it has been toned down over the
years. The most visible example of
giving abuse is the famous "tanking," in which a group of gears
takes someone they particularly
hate (or particularly like) and throw
him into the Main Library fountain
Less visible examples are the tear-
ing-up of classrooms in whatever
building the gears decide to hold
their meetings, and the publication
(in the nEUSletter) of "women's
committee" members' phone numbers, to elicit obscene phone calls.
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As for taking abuse: there is a
strange group of engineers which is
particularly revered, called the Forty Beer Club. To gain entry into this
club, one must consume the eponymous number of beers within 12
hours. Reliable sources confirm
that the only way for an average
person to accomplish this feat is for
him to drink a few very quickly,
then vomit it all out, drink a few
more, vomit them all out, et cetera,
all the while losing more and more
control of his physical and mental
faculties through the effects of
blood poisoning.
What person would go through
such a pointless exercise? One who
had been convinced (with good reason) that someone who underwent
such violence to the bloodstream
and digestive system would be rewarded with the respect of his fellows.
The second characteristic of the
CMS — freedom from taking orders — is succinctly stated by the
engineers' song/chant: "We don't
give a damn for any old man who
don't give a damn for us." Legal,
moral, and ethical constraints supposedly mean nothing to the rowdy
gear, as he steals, lies, brutalizes,
displays public nudity, and generally makes trouble.
But the CMS never seems able to
cast off the final, ultimate set of
constraints: those which made him
a CMS in the first place. Similarly,
although the classic engineer is disrespectful to all other authorities,
he willingly bows to the authority of
his EUS president, and the majority
opinion of the other engineers.
Has any gear ever given up alcohol, taken up ballet, and joined
Women Against Violence Against
Women? That would be a true act
of disrespect for authority.
The third CMS characteristic, a
driving, male-chauvinist heterosexuality, needs no introduction here.
It has been well publicized by such
groups as the AMS women's committee. A cynic about feminism
would indeed say that feminists are
concerned only about this attribute
of the Stereotype, because they
don't really care about any aspect
of men's liberation that does not directly involve women's liberation.
The fact is that when one accepts
the role of the CMS, one becomes
sexist, because being sexist is part of
that stereotype. If sexism did not
"reproduce itself" in this way, it
would long since have been recognized as ridiculous, and would have
died a swift and painless death.
Take the Lady Godiva ride
(please), a subject which has been
beaten to death by numerous waves
of students writing in to The Ubyssey. The issue here is not whether or
not the ride is sexist; clearly it is.
The real issue is who is being stereotyped.
The point of the ride is not to cast
women in the role of sex objects, although that is one of its more obvious consequences. Its purpose is to
reassert the engineers' "chosen"
lifestyle as that which society wants
them to take, to flaunt sexist sexuality and disrespect for laws and
morals in one highly-publicized parade around the campus.
It is a carefully-constructed publicity stunt that, once a year, seems
to make up for the constant heavy
weight of stereotyped, ritualized behavior they must bear.
A sustained legal attack on supposed human rights violations of
the ride completely misses the
point. Talk to any engineer in a
friendly manner, alone so tie does
not have the fear of disrespect from
his fellows hanging over his head,
and he will soon quietly admit that
the ride is silly and immature and
yes, even sexist.
The sexism does not take place on
the conscious, rational level of the
mind. It is on the level which recognizes that the engineer who is openly against the ride risks not just a
humorous "tanking," but the genuine disrespect of his classmates
and others for being so clearly
against sexist tradition.
So saying "the gears don't have
to participate if they don't want to"
is exactly equivalent to saying "the
woman on the horse doesn't have to
participate if she doesn't want to."
Both the engineers and the women's committee seem convinced
that the engineers do want to do
every last thing for which they are
But in reality there are engineers
who in high school were normal,
well-adjusted adolescent males who
wanted to become biochemists or
mathematicians or even veterinarians, who came to UBC and were
dazzled by the antics of these people
that everyone on campus seemed to
notice or respect. They went into
engineering to a large extent because they subconsciously wanted
the implicit approval that the engineers get.
The CMS is not only supposed to
assume all the aforementioned
characteristics, but is also supposed
to assume them voluntarily. A man
(engineer or otherwise) does not one
day decide to put on the stereotype's traditional armor of values
and mannerisms; he is carefully
handed each piece and warned,
"don't tell anybody where you got
these." The feminist who attacks
the engineers for the armor they
wear is doing the equivalent of beating upon it with her fists.
No, I am not defending the gears;
no, I am not saying "boys will be
boys." I am saying that boys will be
whatever we want boys to be, and
that so far we have wanted boys to
be a very limited range of things.
The feminist movement gave
many of us our first insight into the
ways in which our society forces
people into stereotyped roles. A
good example is what a feminist
would call "How the Cinderella
Story Really Ends": a woman gets
married with expectations of getting
love, shelter, and the joys of
motherhood, but soon discovers
that she also gets, to too large an extent, treatment as a sex object, enslavement to household chores, and
legal and economic dependence on
her husband.
In an exactly analogous manner,
an engineer would tell you that he
doesn't mind the "responsibilities"
associated with the CMS lifestyle he
is getting into. He fondly imagines
that in 20 years he will be raking in
the money, with a beautiful faithful
wife, a luxury yacht, three bright
children, and maybe a couple of
mistresses on the side.
Neither he, nor the feminists, nor
anyone else seems to be able to see
that he may just as well become an
alcoholic, overworked professional
who is impotent because of the
pressure put on him to perform,
whose wife derides him for being
"weak," who hates himself and his
job because he's not doing as well
as he wanted, whose children don't
understand him because he can't
communicate with them, and who
reacts to everything in the defensive, violent way he has been taught.
Why does the engineer get into all
this? Is it because he is stupid, or
selfish, or deliberately sexist? No,
none of these things. It is because
he is just more able than others to
be persuaded that being a fulfilled
man means being a violent, rebellious, sexist CMS.
Bound in a red straitjacket of
mannerisms and values, trapped in
a cage of expectations and tradition, he must endure both the fear
of failure and the barbs of feminists, as he chants at the top of his
voice, "We are, we are, we are the
engineers. . ."
Pity the poor engineer. Because if
he does not deserve pity, nothing
Jamie Andrews is a third year
computer science student. Perspectives is a column reserved for
members of the university community outside The Ubyssey staff.
Friday, March 6,1981
T H E "li B Y.S.S E Y
Page <\ 1 -.' ,■*:./;■' .--..> •&&:.
Americans call for justice in bloody £1 Salvador
The enclosed "Open Letter to
President Reagan" concerning El
Salvador was written by 43 U.S.
citizens living in Mexico and involved with various church institutions.
They have asked us to circulate this
letter as widely as possible.
We are passing it on to you, on
the advice of Derek Evans
(Outreach Educator, B.C. Conference of the United Church), with
the request that you try to have it
published by your local community
newspaper and by your own church
Two B.C. church representatives,
Bishop Remi de Roo (Roman
Catholic Diocese of Victoria) and
Reverend John Hilborn
(Shaughnessy United Church) have
in recent months visited El
Salvador, and returned with dire
reports of the widespread violence
and oppression experienced by ordinary people there. The enclosed
letter from the Ecumencial Committee of U.S. Citizens in Mexico
may even be an understatement of
the gravity of the situation in that
unhappy land.
With appreciation for your concern,
Layne Powell
Fellowship of Reconciliation
Vancouver branch
From the Ecumenical Committee
of U.S. Citizens in Mexico
With the inauguration of your
presidency, we are writing this open
letter because of the great effect
your policies will have on efforts for
peace and justice in Latin America,
especially at this time in Central
We are U.S. citizens living in
Mexico, most of whom are
associated with various ecumenical
groups and church-related institutions. While living here we have
come to know the aspirations and
struggles of our Mexican and Central American neighbors. Our
Christian and humanitarian commitments compel us to share this
perspective with you and with our
Our special concern at present is
the plight of the Salvadoran people.
Their small nation is victimized by a
military government willing to
massacre its people in order to
avoid real democracy and equitable
The legal aid office of the
Catholic Archdiocese of San
Salvador has documented that more
than 12,000 civilian assassinations
in 1980 were carried out directly or
indirectly by the government. The
human rights offices of both the
Organization of American States
and the United Nations have publicly condemned the shockingly cruel
and barbaric nature of the violence
being directed at a largely
defenseless population.
We are troubled because of the
inadequate news coverage regarding
the Salvadoran situation. When
there is coverage, it most often
falsely depicts a "moderate"
government combating fragmented
opposition on the left and unable to
control the indiscriminate violence
by para-military groups on the
We ask, why is it necessary that
four American missionaries are
brutally murdered before much of
the U.S. public hears about El
Salvador and still, in many cases,
learn nothing about our government's support of those responsible
for such murders?
In fiscal year 1980, the U.S.
government allocated military and
economic aid totalling over 90
million dollars and military advisers
to sustain El Salvador's present
government. Such assistance equips
the Salvadoran military forces to
combat widely supported opposition forces and also to terrorize and
murder thousands of innocent people.
The alleged "enemy" in El
Salvador, often portrayed in the
North American press as communist extremists, are in fact poor
and disenfranchised people in
search of basic equality and a better
future. According to church and
U.N. sources 60 per cent of that
country's land is in the hands of
two per cent of the people while 75
per cent of the children suffer from
malnutrition and have the lowest
per capita caloric intake of any
country in Latin America.
The people have begun to
organize a pressure for justice. The
majority have identified with the internationally recognized
Democratic Revolutionary Front
(FDR) which comprises major
Christian sectors, campesino
organizations, labor unions, professional associations and students
groups. The recent assassinations of
six   FDR   leaders  by   uniformed
security forces was a desperate act
which ended any possibility of
dialogue and will only prolong the
senseless bloodshed and postpone a
democratic solution.
The church has come under increasing attack when it denounces
the violence and supports the
aspirations of the people. Simply
because a Bible is found in their
home, people have been accused of
being "subversive", tortured and
killed. Over 300 repressive acts were
registered against the church last
year which included bombings of
communications centers, machine-
gunning of churches, convents and
schools, and the killing of lay
catechists, sisters and priests, including Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo
We are particularly distressed by
. the Salvadoran right boasting of
assurances from your advisers that
they will receive all the political and
military support necessary to
eliminate the opposition. (Former)
U.S. ambassador Robert White has
stated, "the Salvadoran people on
the right are intellectually and
morally moribund. They kill in
order to maintain their power and
there is no reasoning with them."
The continued involvement of
our government in El Salvador
would be a drastic mistake; it would
be morally wrong, it would further
damage our image throughout
Latin America, the rest of the Third
World, the most of Western
Europe. The popular sentiment in
Mexico strongly favors the
Salvadoran people's struggle for
self determination.
The Mexican government has
publicly opposed our government's
efforts to keep in power the increasingly isolated junta. Any escalation
of indirect or direct military intervention in El Salvador will greatly increase the danger of extending
the conflict throughout Central
We believe, Mr. President, that
the values and aspirations of the
American people are compromised
when our government supports unpopular, illegitimate regimes, such
as the Salvadoran Junta. The struggle of the people in El Salvador for
a just and representative government and society should not be
perceived as a threat to our vital interests in the region.
Rather, we are convinced that
justice and peace will become a
reality only when the people of El
Salvador are allowed to freely exercise those very same rights upon
which our country was founded.
Ecumenical Committee nf U.S.
Citizens in Mexico
Many Canadians have expressed to me
their wonder at how suddenly and successfully the "new" right has managed to obtain
power in the United States. I myself have no
questions about these events, for I have had a
somewhat unique opportunity to watch a
part of the computerized mailing operations
of the new right almost from their start.
The computer which I watched was easy
enough not to notice. It was conducted in the
small basement of a row house in the quiet
Virginia town of Culpepper by the Wyland
Corporation. Originally a business accounting service, Wylarid's computers were hired
by the Center for International Studies.
The Center, a right wing group headquartered on an estate a few miles outside of
Culpepper, was one of the first conservative
groups to discover the efficiency of computerized mailings and shared its facilities with a
nearby evangelical group. When Wyland
Corporation realized the profits that its
superior computer expertise could bring it in
the field of computerized mailing it rapidly
shifted production and soon began to work
almost exclusively in that field.
Wyland's biggest contribution to the field
of computerized mailing was the introduction of the business technique of sampling.
Earlier, lists of the names and addresses of
people thought likely to support conservatives were bought from magazines,
political parties and businesses. These lists
were combined and all the people listed received letters. The people were asked to send
money and to write their elected officials.
Only a few would respond and the system
was very inefficient.
Wyland realized it would receive more re-
Computer conservatism
plies per mailing if it mailed letters only to
people likely to respond. So they began to
send out small sample mailings. On the reply
letters numbers were printed, showing the
magazines the respondent read, his income,
neighborhood, political affiliations and other
information. They counted the replies and
thus were able to identify by the numbers
what type of person was likely to respond.
The computers then selected from the large
lists the people who were like the respondents
and these were sent letters. Many people responded and the system was very efficient.
This technique made possible a new type of
political organization, the "special interest"
group. Usually a wealthy group of individuals concerned about a particular issue would
finance the sample and first mailing. The
computer system was so efficient that the
money received from the respondents not only covered the group's costs but also made
possible new and larger mailings and the
group's power would grow rapidly.
A list of some of these "special interests"
is especially interesting in itself:
• Legislation on "political action committees" — legislation which allowed the
wealthy and corporations to contribute to
politicians and to organize political groups.
• The "right to work" — legislation to
stop labor union organization and political
• Defeating the Equal Rights Amendment — an amendment to the constitution of
the U.S. which would guarantee the equal
rights of women in employment.
• The defeat of energy legislation — legislation restricting the market power of the
oil companies.
• The stopping of arms control negotiations and the increase of arms production.
• The stopping of the Panama Canal
• The stopping of school integration by
busing and the defeat of legislation preventing discrimination by race in the sale of housing.
• Allowing prayer in schools and giving
Christian morality the force of law.
The list sounds strangely like Ronald Reagan's program for office. There is really
nothing strange about this at all.
Wyland, along with other computerized
mailing operations, did extensive work in
Ronald Reagan's campaigns for the presidency in both 1976 and 1980. The same individuals who financed the establishment of
some of the "special interest" groups also
contributed to his campaign. Undoubtedly
Wyland's and others' lists played a key role
in Ronald Reagan's election victory. One of
the reasons that Gerald Ford was able to secure the Republican party nomination for the
presidency in 1976 is that his campaign purchased a lot of computer services at these
firms and thus denied Mr. Reagan their use.
Many Canadians ask me, "Why didn't
Jimmy Carter and the liberals use computers?" They did, but they used the old inefficient system of mass mailings. Much of the
Democratic strategy involved large coalitions
embracing a number of interests and the individuals in these coalitions were not sufficiently interested in or aware of the "special"
interests of other members of the coalitions.
Is manipulating people by computer criminal? Not in the United States. Individuals
are free to organize lobbying groups and to
use computers to organize them. Publishers
of magazines may tell others that you subscribe without your knowledge or consent.
Firms may collect and sell information about
your without your knowledge or consent.
Is manipulating public opinion by computer immoral? No. It is amoral. The programmers and operators of the computers
usually do not care about the results of their
actions as long as they are paid. Only occasionally do they sympathize with the views
they are promoting.
I hope I am not mistken, but I fear that
Ronald Reagan is still an actor; not a president with a clearly thought out political philosophy but an individual in search of public
approval acting a popular role in a production with questionable backers. As for Wyland Corporation, business prospects appear
good and they have just moved to a larger
building in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Yes, it
may get very strange down south.
Edmund Grondine studies European drug
cults and sometimes practises up on American political cults. Perspectives is a column
of analysis and opinion open to anyone who
can type on a 70 space line.
Page 12
Friday, March 6,1981 HOT NEWS THAT FITS
Court Orders Strikers
To Stop Occupation
Union members occupying the
administration building at Malaspina College were served a court
injunction Thursday night which
ordered them to leave the building.
It was not known at press time whether the occupiers had left the building.
The occupation by members of
the Canadian Union of Public Employees, local 1858, began at 5 a.m.
Wednesday morning.
Dan DeVita, student society president at the Nanaimo college, said
the society was taking a non-partisan stand on the issue.
"We're trying to pressure both
sides to go back to the bargaining
table," he said. "We've sent letters
to education minister Brian Smith,
labor minister Jack Heinrich and
premier Bill Bennett."
DeVita said about 100 students
will be bussed to Victoria Wednesday to protest the strike, which has
already caused 96 vocational apprentice students to lose their year's
Board Approves
First TAU Contract
The first contract for the infant
teaching assistants union at UBC
was approved by the board of governors at its Tuesday meeting.
Contract negotiations took more
than eight months, specifically over
the issues of union security. The administration refused to bargain the
issue because it insisted all TAs
should independently join the union, and in January the union held
an unsuccessful strike vote.
McGill Students
Okay Autonomy
ranks of the free press in Canada
were expanded Wednesday when
the McGill Daily won its battle for
By a vote of 1,637 to 1,252, the
students of McGill University approved the creation of an independent Daily Publication Society to administer the operations of the McGill Daily.
"One small step for the Daily,
one giant step for freedom of the
press," said student society president Todd Ducharme.
Brian Topp, daily news editor,
echoed Ducharme's sentiments.
"It's a trend that's happening all
over the place. Hopefully other
newspapers will be following in the
same sort of pattern," said Topp.
"Obviously the students felt that
separating the student government
from the student press is a good
thing," said Topp.
There was some concern over the
closeness of the results.
"Certainly the closeness of the
vote tells us not everybody on campus is enamored of the newspaper,"
said Topp.
Topp said autonomy would make
the Daily more, not less, responsible to the needs of the students by
providing them with a student initiated referendum mechanism.
Petitioners Crawl
Toward Referenda
Like a starving, crippled turtle
crawling toward food, a petition
drive to force five referenda at UBC
is slowly but surely progressing.
Engineering students are circulating the petitions, which must
collect 500 signatures by Friday in
order for the referenda to take place
this semester.
Alma Mater Society vice president Peter Mitchell said Thursday
he had received about 350
signatures. If 500 signatures are collected, student council is obligated
to stage the referenda.
The petitions call for referenda to
fund a group which parodies the
Public Interest Research Group,
CITR campus radio, an
autonomous Ubyssey, and an off
campus housing registry. There is
'also a petiton for another referen
dum on SUB building proposals.
Referenda for funding $5 to
PIRG and for offering students the
chance to stop paying a $15 SUB
building fee are already scheduled
for March 16 to 20.
CUS Screws Up,
SAC Gets Tough
The failure of the Commerce
Undergraduate Society to come
through with a major room booking has led to severe penalties for all
Alma Mater Society groups that do
not use SUB rooms they have booked.
AMS administration director Bill
Maslechko said Wednesday new
rules mean, "if you don't cancel a
(major) room booking within four
weeks of the date, and if you don't
use the room, your booking
privileges will be suspended for two
school months."
The policy was initiated by the
student administrative commission
Monday after CUS cancelled a Friday dance scheduled for the SUB
ballroom, Maslechko said. CUS
failed to notify SUB bookings, and
the building staff subsequently did
a complete dance set up, he added.
1110 Seymour St.
Decorate With Prints
V^/(b7     grin
THE Poster & Print
3209 W. Broadway, Van.
Decorate With Posters
* Same day service on small repairs
— in by 10 out by 6.
* 24 hour service on most other repairs.
5706 University Blvd.
Second or Third Year
Accounting Students
A client is seeking a summer student to assist the
comptroller in compiling statistical information,
controlling inventories and other accounting
Location: Victoria
Salary: $1,100.00 per month
Please forward resume, before MARCH
20,   1981,   indicating   experience  and
academic background to:
3rd Floor, 707 Fort St.,
Victoria, B.C.
V8W 3G3
Attention: Mr. H. A. Gordon
A Career In Orthoptics
Students are invited to train in a para-medical field of
Ophthalmology which deals with the diagnosis and
treatment of strabismus (visual problems associated
with eye muscle imbalance) in children and adults.
The course is 24 consecutive months at the Vancouver
General Hospital commencing in July with daily clinical
training and applied theory.
Prerequisites: 1 year university of equivalent, a fondness
for children, and an interest in clinical work.
For further information, please write to:
Orthoptic Clinic, OPD
Health Centre for Children
715 West 12th Avenue
Vancouver, B.C  V5A 1M9
Get to know the real taste
of Bacardi rum.
Sip it before you add your favourite mixer.
Bacardi is
beautiful b\
itself. Clean
Light. Smooth-
tasting. That's
why it goes so
smoothly with
so many mixers
Add your own
favourite taste
to Bacardi, and
you can count on
enjoying it.
Friday, March 6,1961
Page 13 'Tween classes
Chris Pharo, from ths Nstional Watsr Rssourcs
Instituts, speaks on sedimentology snd geochemistry associated with mining activity at
Kootsnay Lake, 2:30 p.m., Geological Sciences
room 330a.
Steering committee meeting, noon, SUB 111.
Jon Matt will be available for information, constitution will be discussed. All students welcome.
Elections, SUB 215. Show up, turkeys.
Bzzr garden with CompSd, 7 p.m., SUB party
Pine Free clinic preeentation of sexually trans-
mittable disease, noon, SUB 130.
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 115.
Third year BF-A art show, 11 s.m. to 4 p.m., SUB
art gallery. Show runa until March 13.
Elections for 1981-82 session, noon, SUB 205.
General meeting, noon. International House
Information on the German Democratic Republic
and Dsnylo Shumuk, 11:30 s.m. to 2:30 p.m.,
SUB concourse. Form letters BvsHable to sign.
Human rights night: Prof. Harold Kasinsky
spesks on Scientists snd humen rights, snd Prof.
B. Gzakowski speaks on Human rights in eastern
Europe, 7:30 p.m., Buchsnsn lounge.
Benefit evening for Niceregua reconstruction, 8
p.m.. International House. Music, food, bsr
available, 43 donation asked. Help build s rural
rsdio station.
H.E., P.E. and F.S.
Nutrition information displsys, 11 a.m. to2 p.m.,
SUB concourse.
Chinese painting class, 3 p.m., SUB 213.
Seminar on layout and design, 3 p.m., SUB
241k, Ubyssey office.
It would be really nice to hsve s short coherent
messsge describing exactly what intramurals is
up to this weekend; next time would you please
fill out your 'Tween Clsssss form in s manner
which will allow us to do so. All that can be deciphered is thst s trip, possibly to the Sunshine
Cosst, will depert from some point in UBC (not
specified) st 5:46 s.m. and return st 8 p.m., presumably the sams dsy, but you never know. You
Both th* men'* and woman's swimming
teams have nine swimmers and two divers at the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union national championships which began Thursday in Toronto.
The only UBC hockey players seeing much action lately ore the members of Team Canada. These
include Jim McLaughlin, Bill Holowaty and goalie
Ron Paterson.
The Thunderette tennis team opens its season
Friday with a trip down to Washington. They take on
the Universityof Puget Sound in Tacoma and then
move on to Seattle Monday where they play the University of Washington.
UBC women's soccer team will be on Vancouver Island this weekend, taking on the University of
Victoria on their home turf.
The only team playing at home this weekend are
the rugby 'Bird*. They continue McKecknie Cup
play Saturday at 2:30 p.m. in the Thunderbird
can sign up, for something unspecified, at "Intramural* UBC Outdoor Rec in War Memorial
Gym," when, we don't know. There's also a
meeting March 12 at noon, room 221, building
unknown. Get the hint?
Badminton tournament, 5:30 p.m. to 11:30 p.m.,
gym* A and B, Osborne (UBC).
Woodstock relived #2, 7 p.m., SUB party room.
Four bands, beere garden, general pandemonium, and no admission charge.
David Newtands, Royal Ontario Museum director, speaks on archeology, 9 a.m. to 4:30
p.m.. Anthropology Museum auditorium. CaH
228-2181, locals 212, 253, for more information.
H.E.. P.E., F.S.
Nutrition information displays, 10a.m. to5 p.m.,
Oakridge shopping centre.
Organizing committee discussion,  noon, SUB
211. John Motl will be available for discussion.
Registration starts st 9 s.m., racing st 10:30 a.m.
in B lot.
Drop in, 2:30 to 4:30 p.m., SUB 215.
Third annual UBC Law Revue, 8:30 p.m., SUB
ballroom. Tickets $2.50.
A delegation from the Democratic Women's
Union of Albania will speak on The life of women
in today's socialist Albania, noon. Law 101. All
Discussion with director Donald Brittain on film
in Canada, 11:30 a.m., Buch. 108.
Mary Lynn McDougall, from the SFU women's
studies program, speaks on Protecting women
or preserving the family? The campaign for protective labor legislation in France, 1874-1914,
noon, Buch. 204.
Orgenizational meeting, 4:30 p.m., International
House lounge.
Theodore Friedgut, from the Hebrew University
of Jerusalem Russian studies department,
speaks on The Soviet role in the Mideast conflict, noon, Buch. 102.
Discussion: Cloning whiteheads and squsezing
blackheads, no time given but presumsbly noon,
Lutheran Campus Centre. Plesse include a time
on the next 'Tween Classes form you fill out.
Antonio Gomez-Moriana from the University of
Montreal, speaks on La evocacion como pro-
cedimiento en el Quijote, 2:30 p.m., Buch. 232.
Or. Li speaks on Diagnostic radiology, noon, IRC
1. All member* please attend.
General meeting, noon, SUB 130.
Eucharist, noon, Lutheran Campua Centre.
Film, The new country and An American in
Munich, noon, International House. Film, Germany — Key to Europe, 8 p.m.. International
Louise Mandel, lawyer for the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, speaka on Ethics, law and native
land claims, noon, Hillel.
Club meeting and executive elections, 7 p.m.,
SUB 215.
Third annual UBC Law Revue, 8:30 p.m., SUB
ballroom. Tickets $2.50.
Dr. Hassham speaks on social issues of post-
secondary students, 8:15 p.m., Drake Jamat-
Film: Vivaldi's Venice, noon, Buch. 102.
Liquidity trap, 8:30 p.m., SUB 207/209. Wine,
beer and snacks served at marginal cost.
Annual general meeting and bzzr garden, 5:30
p.m., Hillel.
Community binge, 5:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus
Centre. Food, punch and maybe even sex.
Lynn Alden speaks on Shyness — Why are people shy?, noon, Buch. 202.
Ken Blue speaks on Are you following Jesus or
just believing in Christ, noon, Chem. 250.
Debra Lewis, from the Vancouver Status of
Women, speaks on current rape law reform,
noon. Law 180.
Public meeting, noon, SUB 117. Everyone welcome. Office and reading room in SUB 230a.
Election, noon, SUB 119.
General meeting and announcement of elections, no time given but assume it's noon, SUB
251. Put the time on next time. Nag, nag, nag.
Hot flashes
Arts activities
Arts week opens Sunday with
subversion day. Undesirables are to
show up at the arts undergraduate
office to play softball. Loser will be
tied to the engineer's cairn.
Action continues Monday with
apathy day, expected to gain campus-wide support. On Tuesday the
arts people will demonstrate their
truly self indulgent altruism by having a charity day. It will feature free
coffee and doughnuts in the Bu
chanan lounge.
Wednesday sees a barbeque at
noon in the Buchanan courtyard,
with cheap hamburgers and hot
Thursday features the highlight
of the week with the much anticipated yacht races. Teams of sophisticated collegiates must consume
a certain quantity of wine within a
certain time period and will be judged for style. Points will be taken off
for poor dress, profanity and apparent drunkenness.
Super Special!
Reprints 35c ea.
Reg. 45c — Minimum order (5)
Prints from slides 46c ea.
Reg. 69c — Minimum order (5)
Custom Color
(From negatives only)
8 x 10 - $4.95 ea.
Reg. $7.90
11 x 14 - $7.95 ea.
Reg. $10.95
Offer Expires March 15
Instant Passport Photographs
4480 West 10th Ave. 224-4215
2788 Granville St. 734-2368
834 W. Pender St. 669-4641
— President
—Vice President
— Secretary
— Member At Large
MARCH 17th
MARCH 24th
Take note that the Student Court is convening to hear the following matter:
The alleged insufficient notice given by the
CUS that locks were to be cut off lockers
located in Angus during August of 1980, and
the alleged negligent care subsequently given
to the contents of such lockers.
The hearing is to be held on Tuesday the
10th day of March, 1981 at 6 pm in Room 260,
SUB. Persons desiring to give evidence or
submissions on this matter are directed to
give notice to the Clerk of the Court before
commencement of the hearing. Notice to the
Clerk can be given in to Room 100A of SUB or
phone 228-4846 and leave message.
RATES: Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines. 36c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $3.30; additions} lines
60c. Additional days $3.00 and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:00 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room241, S.U.B.. UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
5 — Coming Events
50 - Rentals
social nite Friday, March 6 (tonite) in SUB
party room 7:00 pm — 12:30 am. Arts and
Science students welcome.
Dance. April 1, 1961 (Cecil Green). Tickets
on sale at AMS ticket office. $10/person.
Remember Amographs Composite picture.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
FRUIT LEATHER. Delicious Dried Fruit
Treat from Okanagan Valley. Write now for
mail order catalogue and free sample. Edible dried goods. Box 843, Penticton, B.C.
WANTED TO SUBLET: Responsible nonsmoking couple require furnished accomodation in Vancouver for the months
of May and June. If you need someone to
babysit your place please call: ED, 224-7997
65 — Scandals
20 — Housing
ARE YOU TIRED of commuting to U.B.C.
every morning? If so, the Student Housing
Office may be able to help. We now have
vacancies for women in Totem Park
Residence. There are only seven double
rooms left — so act quickly. Come to the
Student Housing Office during regular office hours (8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.) and let
us help you solve your housing problem.
For info 228-2811.
GRADUATING BSMT. STE. required for
Sept. Will rent through summer if
necessary. Call Susan evenings 321-4013.
Amnesty UBC presents
A Night For Human Rights
Prof. Harold Kasinsky
Scientists and Human Rights
Prof. B. Czakowski
Human Rights in Eastern Europe
Friday, March 8, 7:30 Buchanan Lounge
86 — Typing
TYPING Perfectionist; professional presentation. Fast Service. Thoroughly experienced, reliable. Top references. Reasonable.
Iona Brown!
30 — Jobs
position is available from May to August for
a Typist/ Receptionist with minimal bookkeeping duties. Would suit University or
Commerce Student looking for summer
employment. Proficient Typing Skills and
pleasant telephone manner required. Salary
negotiable. For further information call
Kathy Hanlon @ 736-7923.
NANNY 121-25) req'd. for 13 yr. old girl in
town near Venice, Italy for 3-4 mos. Must
be fluent in English. Transportation to Italy
your responsibility. To begin work immediately. Phone 681-1994 after 6:00 p.m.
FULL AND PART TIME shippers wanted
by local stereo store. Opportunity to learn
to mount cartridges and deal with
customers. Drivers licence an asset. Reply
in writing to Box 100, The Ubyssey, Room
241, SUB.
STUDENT (Male preferred) to walk around
campus for approx. 2 days (4-5 hrs. per
day) and conduct survey. Call Steve
Crumpton 986-9694.
TYPING 75c per page. Call Peggy 438-4994
after 4 p.m.
rates. 266-5063.
TERM PAPERS, resumes, reports, essays,
composed, edited, typed. Published
author. Have Pen Will Write: 666-9636.
TYPING SERVICES for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
I.B.M. selectric. Call 736-4042.
TYPING IBM SELECTRIC 41.00 per page.
Fast, accurate, experienced typist. Phone:
873-8032 (10:00 a.m.-10:00 p.m.).
EXPERT TYPING: essays, term papers,
factums, letters, manuscripts, resumes,
theses. IBM Selectric II. Reasonable rates.
Rose 731-9867.
90 - Wanted
COLLABORATION WANTED. Novel approximately Vi complete needs fresh imput.
Must have understanding of family tensions. Non-smokers preferred. Send bio
and sample of writing to Mr. L.A. Davis,
Box 1034, Aldergrove, B.C.
ONE BDRM. APT. needed ASAP. Cash
reward for suitable offer. 738-0449 or
Page 14
Friday, March 6, 1981 For those who are particularly
desperate to avoid their textbooks
tonight there are three promising alternatives (space dictates). Heather
Bishop will be playing at the Soft
Rock at 8:30. Phone 879-2931 for
Macbeth lives out its last days at
the Vancouver East Cultural Centre
this weekend. Tom Wood is exceptional in the lead role of this 21st
century version of Shakespeare's
The Best of the New York Erotic
FUm Festival is being presented at
the SUB auditorium Friday and
Saturday at 7 and 9:30, Sunday at
7. Is there really such a thing as pornographic art?
The Vancouver Society for Early
Music presents something for more
conventionale?) tastes at the Unitarian church. The Dutch ensemble
the Quadro Hotteterre will perform
there at 8:30.
Vancouver's only bass duo will
perform at the Soft Rock, also on
Sunday at 8:30. The pair call themselves Doggies on Parade, a name
derived from a euphemism for the
string bass — doghouse. The only
connection I can come up with is
that the players sleep in their instruments at night.
For those who like to avoid their
textbooks at lunch time there will be
performances of the play Very Very
Fragile at Dorothy Somerset Studio
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday
at 12:30.
The Flying Karamazov Brothers
begin a two week stint at the Vancouver East Cultural Centre next
Tuesday at 8:30. Fyodor, Ivan,
Smerdyakov and Dmitri 'animal to
friends' Karamazov will juggle a
running chainsaw and tell some
of the worst jokes ever told.
For those who are so desperate
they think they might be beyond
hope there is a symposium at UBC
next weekend called Modernism
and Modernity: A Question of Culture or Culture Called into Question? For information call
228-5650. But then you might as
well just study your textbooks.
The Best of the
N.Y. Erotic Film Festival
Thurs., Sun. 7:00; Fri., Sat. 7:00 & 9:30
$1.00 w/AMS Card     SUB Auditorium
The Vancouver Institute
University of Exeter, England
A timely lecture by a leading social
administration expert.
at 8:15 p.m.
Lecture Hall 2,
Woodward Building
March 8 - "Through a Glass Darkly"
March 15 - "Winter Light
March 22 - "The Silence"
All Showings Buchanan 106, 8:00 p.m.
Series Ticket Now Available at
AMS Ticket Office, $4.00
Single Admissions $1.50, At The Door
Discussion will follow each film
Sponsored by: Lutheran Campus Ministry
Lutheran Student Movement
UBC Chaplains
You're nevermore vulnerable
than when you've seen too much.
'EYEWITNESS" and JAMES WOODS • Produced and Directed by PETER YATES
Starts Friday, March 6 at the
Mr. Mileage Maker, Bill Docksteader, is wanted for
making the incredible Suzuki Canada's lowest priced
4x4 vehicle! From the corner grocery to the top of the
mountain, you go in style and economy with a Suzuki
4x4! And you get best-in-town Suzuki deals only from
Mr. Mileage Maker!
Compact 4-stroke OHC water-
cooled, 4-cylinder engine.
All-terrain tiresl Belted for traction! Any surface, any weather!
Spacious, functionall Rear-
door opening adds to ciasy-load
Electric    wipers,    powerful
heater, locking fuel capl
Come to Bill Docksteader's
421 KINGSWAY! • 879-6301!
Friday, March 6,1981
Page 15 * *
2190 W. 4th Ave.
1114 Davie St.
6900 No. 3 Rd.
702C 6th Ave.
N. VANCOUVER    985-0577
1309 Lonsdale Ave.
KAMLOOPS 374-3155
230 Victoria St.


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