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The Ubyssey Feb 3, 1978

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Array UBC chaplains scorn selling of the messiah '78
Campus chaplains are
outraged at a slick, hard-sell
Christian presentation made at
UBC Thursday.
The heavily-promoted
presentation, featuring a film
called How's Your Love Life?,
was sponsored by the Campus
Crusade for Christ.
"I believe the film is anti-
Christian," said Lutheran
campus chaplain Don Johnson.
The show presented Christ as
the answer to life's dilemmas.
Three consecutive performances
played to capacity crowds in the
SUB auditorium.
"Christ is being made into a
commodity like Coca-Cola or Oil
of Olay," said Johnson.
The film offers "goodies" but
Christ offered a cross, a hard life
and truth, he said. Christianity
involved pain and suffering, he
added, but these elements were
not sufficiently portrayed in the
film.
"In this film there is no call to
repentance, which means a
change in one's lifestyle."
The presentation was the object of a large-scale promotion on
campus.
In addition to subjecting
students to a widespread poster
campaign, Campus Crusade rep-
resentatives      personally
distributed How's Your Love
Life? handouts to students in
UBC residences.
And on Thursday, four people
dressed as rabbits and Raggedy
Ann dolls wandered about the
campus carrying signs advertising the film.
The posters and handouts
described the film as "an explosive wide-screen experience
dealing with the emotionally
provocative and the sometimes
confounding issue of love."
The posters, which show a
young man and woman kissing
above a double-barrelled
shotgun, state in small print at
the bottom that the film is "a
touring production of Campus
Crusade for Christ."
In the past, people such as
Martin Luther King, have suffered for their faith, Johnson
said, and they came in conflict
with  their   society.   But   the
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LX, No. 46
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1978
228-2301
Campus Crusade presentation
ignores these aspects of
Christianity, he said.
George Hermanson, United
Church and Anglican chaplain,
said Thursday the presentation
made him angry.
It trivialized his concept of
Christianity and used slogans
similar to "things go better with
Coke," he said.
Human relationships appear on
a trivial level, aimed at some
"psychiatrist in the sky," Hermanson added.
Today's society is superficially
and unrealistically presented in
the film as a world without wars,
he said.
"Society is depicted as a white,
middle-class, carefree successful
North American culture,"
Hermanson said.
See page 3: HARD-SELL
Student reps
face vote nix
—craig heale
CREATURES FOR CHRIST wave suggestive placards at innocent students in SUB cafeteria Thursday,
hoping to convert masses to their creed. Members of Campus Crusade for Christ employed high-powered
hype including posters, handbills and costumed hucksters to lure students to schlocky film presentation in
SUB auditorium.
By MIKE BOCKING
Allegations of improper voting
procedure in January's senate and
board of governors election might
prevent student members from
voting in board meetings until the
controversy is resolved, the
board's chairman said Thursday.
George Morfitt said in a
prepared statement that the status
of Basil Peters and Paul Sandhu on
the board is unclear because of the
election scandal.
"The UBC board of governors
will discuss the status of its two
student members as a first order of
business when it meets next
Thursday," he said.
The controversy centres on
charges of improper voting
procedures at the polling station in
the civil and mechanical engineering building.
At an emergency meeting of the
student representative assembly
Tuesday, Alma Mater Society
president John DeMarco said he
had conclusive evidence that
engineering students signed voting
Students win bucks in award tottery
About 600 UBC students are $250
richer this term thanks to a UBC
awards office program.
The program is designed to
reduce discrepancies in the
number of awards given in each
faculty, awards director Byron
Hender said Thursday.
"There are a lot of students in
faculties who are doing good work
and not getting recognized,"
Hender said.
"Using some university money
and some money from undesignated scholarships we've
been able to give some of them a
break."
Under the new program, which
went into operation at the beginning of this term, the top five per
cent of students in each faculty
received a scholarship.
"We tried to make sure that they
got something," Hender said.
"A lot of them don't know what
they're getting it (the money) for.
"Most of them were pretty
pleased (when they found out
why)."
The program arose as a result of
a report submitted to senate in
November by Hender. Although
the report focuses on discrepancies
between awards to men and
women, the program concentrates
on reducing over-all award discrepancies between faculties.
Among the more glaring differences are:
• 25.7 per cent of men and 18.3
per cent of women in medicine won
scholarships in 1976-77 compared
to .6 per cent of men and 1.1 per
cent of women in education;
• 11 per cent of men and 38 per
cent of women in forestry won
scholarships compared to 2.7 per
cent of men and 2.8 per cent of
women in arts;
• 17.3 per cent of men and 8.7 per
cent of women in dentistry compared to .5 per cent of men and one
per cent of women in physical
education and recreation.
Hender said about $100,000 of
university money was used for the
600 awards, in addition to money
from undesignated  scholarships.
Details of all scholarships are in
the back of the university calendar.
Hender said the office is also
planning to make bursaries
available to graduate, unclassified
and qualifying students.
"And we're planning on opening
up   scholarship   and   bursary
regulations a lot to allow more
students to compete for them."
Hender said the office will also
try to simplify the scholarship
application process for students
transferring into third year at UBC
from regional colleges by making
more information available to
these students.
The awards office is also
organizing various programs to
help students get information and
to show them how to manage their
money better.
Cullen's job promise empty
OTTAWA (CUP) — The federal government's
summer youth employment program has been unveiled and despite public outcry over last summer's
crisis jobless levels, the only thing that has changed
is the name.
The Canada Summer Youth Employment
Program, announced Wednesday by employment
minister Bud Cullen, will create the same 60,000
direct jobs the government created last year and cost
for the program will increase by only $1.2 million to
$96.2 million.
Unemployment has risen 17 per cent over the
period.
The program also boasts that it will place 250,000
students through Canada Manpower Centres for
students, an increase of 15,000 over 1977. But an
employment ministry spokesperson was unable to
account for the increase.
The spokesperson also admitted Thursday that at
least 40,000 jobs had been counted twice in Cullen's
announcement. Many of the government-created jobs
will be placed through the Manpower centres and
therefore are included in the 250,000 placement
figure.
Half the government-created jobs are generated by
the Young Canada Works Program. The National
Union of Students has demanded 80,000 more jobs to
prevent a recurrence of last summer's crisis in which
165,000 students were without work.
NUS also demands that the principle of massive
direct job creation be extended to general unemployment. But Cullen has insisted that the government
must rely on the private sector to create employment.
"At least 200,000 students can expect a jobless
summer — when they look for work there will be
nothing from either the private sector or government," says NUS executive secretary Dan O'Connor.
Cullen downplayed comparisons with last year in
his announcement preferring to dwell on his appeal to
business.
"Despite this major program we are still relying on
the private sector to provide the largest number of
summer jobs for students."
sheets giving their votes away by
proxy to other students.
Peters said Thursday he would
recommend to the board that he
and Sandhu not vote on board
matters.
"I think that we shouldn't vote
because if, in the unlikely outcome
that we aren't bona fide board
members, the possibility might
exist that someone could challenge
the board's decision on the grounds
that Paul and I are not bona fide
members."
Sandhu said Thursday he
recognizes the board's legal
position and that if Peters and he
voted the board's decisions could
be declared invalid. But he said the
board should also recognize the
student members' position.
"They must recognize that we
represent students and must voice
concerns on their behalf," he said.
"If anything really contentious
comes up concerning students I'm
hoping they (the board) will
recognize our position as student
representatives and delay such
matters until our status as board
reps is clarified."
Peters said that although student
board members might not be able
to vote they can still voice opinions.
"The greatest value of student
reps is not as a voting block but as
a source of opinion," he said.
Morfitt said allegations of voting
irregularities will be referred to
the senate committee on implementation of the Universities
Act.
University administration
spokesman Jim Banham said
Thursday that the committee
might be able to present its report
to senate Feb. 15.
Another board member whose
status is in doubt is former
chairman Thomas Dohm.
According to the Universities Act
board appointees are allowed to sit
on the board for a maximum of six
years, or two terms.
Dohm was originally appointed
to the board Sept. 1,1972. But when
the act was amended in 1974 all
board terms appointed prior to
Jan. l, 1975 were ended.
In this case, Dohm's term would
have ended last month.
But the issue is further complicated because the act states that
current members may remain on
the board until new government
appointees are announced.
Banham said there might be
legal difficulties relating to Dohm's position.
"The Dohm case might provide
hours of struggle in the courts if
someone challenged the act," he
said. Page 2
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1978
CANADA'S LEADING STEREO CENTRE
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CANADA'S LEADING STEREO
CHAMPA
CENTRE
2699 W. BROADWAY
733-5914 Friday, February 3, 1978
THE        UBYSSEY
Page 3
Namibia in
S. A. clutches
—matt king photo
UBYSSEY PUBLISHER Lord Irving Fetish, L.L.B., Ph.D., CUP, surveys recent edition of fine campus rag as
obsequious lackeys look on in awe. Hacks were liberated later in afternoon when rain dissolved tyrannical
boss and paper returned to usual enlightened democratic state. All was sweetness and light once again in land
of Ubyssia.
Hard-sell Christian film hit
From page 1
Hermanson said the causes of
human alienation are never addressed in the presentation.
People are led to believe that
Jesus will deal with them alone and
solve their personal problems, he
said.
"It is unfair to tell people Jesus
will solve their problems."
Johnson said the presentation is
"a method of peddling the faith."
The shows accepts the American
culture and society's ascribed
values, which are in direct opposition to biblical values, he said.
Anyone accepting Christianity
on the basis of the presentation
would be living an illusion reinforced by television and media
advertising, he said.
Bill Bright, tne founder of the
Campus Crusade, recently held a
press conference with top
millionaires in North America to
get the necessary funds for his
projects, said Hermanson. The
money he uses comes from
"conservative, rich business
people in a multi-affair," he added.
"He's known for his right-wing
support."
Gordon Volkman, the Canadian
Campus Crusade director,said
Thursday the beginning of the film
typified the "narrow and warped
definition of love" in today's
society.
Statements like "kiss me I'm
willing," "being looked over is
better than being overlooked" and
"dig that crazy chick" reflected
society's shallow attitude towards
love and its sexual overtones, he
said.
But students were to go beyond
this point and find real love with
God, he added.
He said our society is "way out in
left field" in its concepts of love,
presenting it in a very frustrating
view. Volkman said his concept of
love is an interpersonal relationship with God.
The presentation captured the
essence of love in presenting a very
positive solution — a love relationship between God and man, he
said.
Volkman said the show is a
positive answer to the realities that
face students, such as love relationships, breaking up and
loneliness.
He cited the show's topic of
suicide as a major issue of concern
to students. Suicide is the second
highest killer of students in our
society, Volkman said.
The Crusade director said he had
seen people's lives changed after
viewing such a presentation. Many
students had approached him to
discuss the change within themselves as a result of the show.
The comment cards of student
audiences across the country
generally showed a "very positive
response," he said.
By CHRIS ELENIAK
Attempts to obtain independence
in Namibia have been thwarted by
South African domination, an
African freedom-fighter said
Thursday.
"There are three main reasons
for the continued success of South
Africa's dominance over
Namibia," said Hiuanua Shihelp.
"The heavy concentration of
South African troops, the political
mobilization and the present illegal
racist regime all attribute to the
constant crush of Namibia's attempts for independence."
Namibia is a South African
protectorate.
"The present regime has been
long terminated by the United Nations and yet they are able to
maintain their position by the
consistent support from allies," he
said. "They are thus able to defy
all decisions of the United
Nations."
hike
threatened
at U of M
WINNIPEG (CUP) — If the
University of Manitoba administration's darkest predictions
are realized, tuition fees will go up
by 18 per cent next year and 65
faculty, 100 support staff and 27 per
cent of teaching assistants will be
eliminated.
That will happen, according to a
paper prepared late last month by
administration president Ralph
Campbell, if Manitoba's new Progressive Conservative government
gives the university two per cent
more funding than last year and if
salaries and benefits to staff increase by eight per cent.
If funding is increased by more
than six per cent and salaries and
benefits increase by only four per
cent there will be a tuition fee
increase of 13 per cent and no staff
cutbacks, says Campbell's paper.
Speculation on government
funding has put it anywhere from
two per cent lower to eight per cent
higher than last year.
"The recent recognition by the
world of the oppression of Namib-
ian people has not come about
because of love for other nations
but because companies have
heavily invested there and now feel
a need for a solution."
The speaker, sponsored by the
Canadian University Service Overseas, said five western countries
are giving support to South Africa,
including Canada.
"Countries heavily investing in
South Africa are Canada, United
States, Britain, France and West
Germany. Such investments give
South Africa the necessary power
to continue their present
domination," he said.
"The Canadian Hudson Bay
Company has a monopoly for world
products in Namibia. Also Falconbridge invests heavily in copper as
Namibia is the fifth copper
producer in the world. Oil companies from France are exploiting
petroleum resources. The U.S.
owns the largest copper mill and
West Germany invests in electrical
construction," he said.
"Arms, ammunitions and even
helicopters have been captured
from enemy troops. They have all
been clearly marked as having
been obtained from the NATO
countries," said Shihepo.
Efforts to control Namibia's attempts for liberation have led to
the arrest of leaders of Soweto,
Johannesburg's suburb. However,
this has not discouraged the
Soweto group.
"Leaders of Soweto have been
arrested in the process. However
with every arrest someone the
very next hour or day will accept
new leadership and perform the
same functions," said Shihepo.
Successful attempts of the
Namibian people have included a
strike which was felt throughout
the country.
"In 1971 the Namibia workers
launched an effective strike which
paralyzed all sectors within the
country," he said. "This was
followed by other strikes in different areas."
"Other attempts for liberation
have included students boycotting
classes and youths persistently
refusing to be dominated. Some of
these youths were publicly
flogged."
Tories would lower wages—Sinclair
If the Progressive Conservative party gains
power in a federal election the wages of the
average person will probably decrease, the
Tory finance critic said Thursday.
Sinclair Stevens said the Tories would
implement temporary restraints on the
economy to facilitate economic recovery.
"We're in a very competitive world today.
We've got to bite the bullet and be more
responsible with our finances," he said.
Stevens told about 50 students in Buchanan
2225 that Canadians have to give greater
incentives to get the economy moving.
"Too long has this country been run in indecision," he said.
Stevens said he would like to see wage and
price controls ended right away. "They're
probably inflationary anyway," he said.
"How can you justify wage and price
controls when the United States, who do not
have controls, had an inflation rate of six per
cent compared to 9.5 per cent for us," said
Stevens.
"Inflation is an entirely manageable
problem. Since April of 1968 we have had
close to 100 per cent inflation," he said.
Inflation is simply printing too much money
as compared to real economic growth, said
Stevens.
"Our real growth last year was only 55 per
cent," he said.
Stevens said federal government spending
has gone out of control.
"In 1968 the federal government spent $10
billion. Now that same government spends
close to $45 billion a year. You ran raise this
money in three ways: by taxing the people,
borrowing it, or by printing more money,"
said Stevens.
In the past Canada has borrowed more
money than any other country, he said.
"The deficit in Ottawa is at $19 billion now."
Canadians are paying 20 per cent more tax
than American citizens, said Stevens.
During 1975-76 Canada ran up a colossal
trade deficit, Stevens claimed.
"Our trade deficit exceeds that of the U.S.,
England, Italy, West Germany, Japan and
France all put together."
In 1967 Canada was second in the world for
per capita wealth and now it is 10th, he said.
"Our unemployment level is the highest in
the world. That is totally unacceptable in a
country like Canada."
About 25,000 public servants leave the civil
service each year because of retirement,
death and other reasons, Stevens said.
"Trudeau has been hiring that number plus
one or two per cent more per year. He calls
that restraint."
The Conservatives propose to let those
vacancies stay vacant, he said.
"We could save $500 million a year in that
area alone."
The Conservatives would also like to cut
back on consulting fees, he said.
"That is simply window dressing, and
sometimes involves paying money to old
retired Liberal hacks now in business,"
Stevens said.
Government does not know how to run a
business well, he said.
"We'd like to put some crown corporation
businesses on the block. We'd make them
profits instead of living off the pig trough at
Ottawa."
There are too many federal programs
initiated in Ottawa, he said.
"It's as easy to kill a program as it is to
start one up."
Stevens said Great Britain has shown that
government expenses can be cut despite the
effects of inflation on the budget.
STEVENS . . . Tory finance critic Page 4
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1978
The cross and the bunny
"Hey Fred, waddya want
to drink?"
"Ah, I'll have a blue."
"How about that new
beer Jesus? They've been
promoting^ it upstairs, you
know, with bunny rabbits?
You must be tired of blue
anyways."
"Ya, okay, let's have a
round of Jesus."
Actually, those rabbits
weren't even advertising
Jesus, but running around
SUB Thursday with inane
signs asking, "How is your
love life?" As most Christians
consider Christ to be part of
their love lives, those signs
weren't total deceptions, nor
was the slick presentation the
bunnies were promoting. But
they were bending the facts.
The acceptance of a
religious belief is a serious
and profound thing,
something too important to
be pushed with sex, violence
or trickery. Slick ad
campaigns sell beer, but
shouldn't be used to sell
God. After all, most people
only commit themselves to a
bottle or a case or two of
beer. With a religious belief,
the commitment is
theoretically more
permanent.
The Campus Crusade for
Christ is confusing Jesus with
beer.
Campus chaplains George
Hermanson and Don Johnson
were understandably furious
after taking in the show.
They believe in a more
relevant Christianity,
remembering that Christ and
his followers suffered greatly
and made no secret of the
fact that Christianity is a
hard road.
The campus crusade is
funded by a bunch of
millionaires who prefer it if
people are docile and go to
church on Sunday. Never
mind the fact that these
millionaires made their
money off the backs of
others — after all, that's free
enterprise. Christ showed his
displeasure with such people,
for example, when he turned
over   moneychangers'   tables
at the temple.
But     these     millionaires
believe that the product can
be sold if it is packaged well
enough.     If     Christ     had
thought the same way, he'd
have come down from
heaven (and gone back again)
on a golden chariot, and no
doubt brought along his own
multi-media presentation and
bunny rabbits.
Christ    was    born    poor,
lived     poor     and     died     a
condemned man. He didn't
use slick devices to sell his
faith, and he urged his
followers to think of, other
people as much as
themselves.
Not     all     of     us     are
Christians, but we believe his
life and teachings contain
relevant messages about how
society was and is wrong, and
how it can be improved.
The purvey ors of
Thursday's escapade should
read their Bibles and start
from scratch—just like Jesus.
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Only students can start changes
A statement by memberp of UBC
Young Socialists.
In the upcoming election for
chancellor of UBC, the only basis
of support for either candidate
must stem from their program. If
you accept this simple criteria for
determining who should be the
next chancellor, choosing between
J. V. Clyne and Stan Persky
becomes a mere formality.
J. V. Clyne, former chairman of
MacMillan Bloedel, has not exposed his strategy to date.
However, if we examine some of
his views in 1972, perhaps we can
assist   Mr.   Clyne   with   pulling
THE UBYSSEY
FEBRUARY 3, 1978
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-23C1;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
In the beginning there was God In the form of Eric Clapton, but Bruce
Baught changed his mind after being attacked by six love-starved rabbits In
SUB. "But t'he rabbit died," lamented Paisley Woodward, as Baugh fainted
Nicholas Read, Robert Jordan, George, Huey, Marta Marton and Grey Kyles
giggled In harmonious unison, while all holding hands under the pooftah
table. "It's orgy time," chortled Ralph Maurer and Kathy Ford who
beckoned the innocent forces of Chris Elenlak, Craig Heale, Matt King,
Gabrlella Botteselle and Graeme Foster to join in their decadent delights.
Golden Ager Lloyanne Hurd seduced a meek David Morton, and the
love-struck pair disappeared behind closed doors, will Wheeler followed
them Into the darkroom with fellow voyeurs Eric Promlslow, Verne
McDonald and Chris Bocking. "Hey big fella, wanna come up and see me
some time?" cooed Heather Conn to a smiling Tom Hawthorn.Surveying the
display of titillating sex before him, Chris Gainor sighed and dreamed ot
Beluga whales. The frustrated trio of Mike Bocking, Marcus Gee and BUI
Tieleman who were excluded from the love-making festivities, sat enviously
writing passionate notes to one another. Dave Hancock drew detailed porno
pics of the writhing masses before him, as an experienced but bored Maureen
Curtis refereed the activities. The overwhelmed Import Nancy McRltchie
noted the staff's progress and said, "This has been quite a reproduction night
at The Ubyssey."
together some oasic ideas about
education and more specifically
the problems facing students at
UBC.
In an interview that appeared in
the Jan. 27, 1972 issue of the
Vancouver Sun, Clyne states his
basic philosophy on society and
how the education system fits into
it. "Capitalism," he says,
"revolves around profit, an ugly
word, but if you do away with the
profit motive you are acting in a
, manner totally contrary to the
human instinct."
So as Clyne sees it the motive
force behind getting an education
is an insatiable hunger for profit
which of course is instinctive.
Perhaps Clyne could explain why
this instinct rewards only the
wealthy. The thousands of
graduates sweeping floors or
driving taxicabs might also
question Clyne's theory.
But Clyne qualifies this instinctive process by adding that,
"if you do whatever you are doing,
as hard as you can you're going to
improve your lot. It's as simple as
that." In one line Clyne is able to
sum up what he feels to be all the
problems facing humanity in
capitalist society — laziness.
Clyne's thoughts are not solely
his property, but belong to a class
of people that sit at the top — a
ruling elite. In 1971, Clyne ranked
31 in Canada's top 100 bank
directors. It is true that Clyne has
come a long way, from a strikebreaker in the Fly Squad in Britain
in the 1920s until today when he can
hire his own goons. But not all are
destined to success, such as that
which has befallen Clyne.
As   Stan   Persky   sees   it   the
perspectives]
CLYNE
in elite
problems facing students and
people in general are rooted in the
capitalist system. He objects to the
notion that universities should be
factories churning out
professionals and managers who
will maintain the status quo.
Persky is opposed to the big
business control of universities. In
his six-point program he
challenges the present leadership
and administration of UBC. Just to
outline a few points, Persky favors
greater student representation on
the governing bodies, and he
believes an investigation into
corrupt practices on the part of the
administration should be done
immediately.
Recognizing the discrimination
against women and racial
minorities he poses equal opportunities at the university. He
supports the right of faculty
members to organize unions so
that they may bargain more effectively. Having outlined only a
few of Persky's proposals, it is
clear that he views things from a
different perspective.
While Clyne would like to see big
business get a stronger foothold in
the university, so that it might
pedal its dog-eat-dog ideology,
Persky takes the responsibility
from students and places it where
it belongs, on the corporate elite.
Persky alone cannot bring about
the kind of change necessary, that
lies with the thousands of students
who are affected every day by high
tuition, overcrowded classes, and
so on.
While we support Persky in this
election we must be aware of the
limitations. The position of
chancellor is basically a high-
ranking administrator with a seat
on both the senate and board of
governors.
To expect to institute significant
change through these business-
dominated bodies is somewhat
naive. Any voice on such a body
would mean little to a group whose
class interests are directly opposed
to those of students and working
people.
The only effective voice and the
only power on the university is
from those who work and study
here — students, faculty and staff.
Only the masses of students and
working people can fundamentally
change the present system to put
human needs before profits. Friday, February 3, 1978
THE        UBYSSEY
Page 5
Letters
SRA shouldn't hurt our ally
In order to display its disagreement with apartheid, our
student representative assembly
has deemed it necessary to make
more miserable the lot of the South
African people.
By withdrawing our monies from
the Bank of Montreal, the SRA has
jumped onto a currently popular
ideological bandwagon: economic
sanctions and arms embargoes,
unenforceable resolutions by the
United Nations, forced expulsion
from international sporting events,
eviction from the British Commonwealth and censorship by the world
press.
This trend extends to idolization
and support of black guerrillas,
whose every action should repulse
the civilized mind. Such measures
are perceived by all South Africans
as a threat to their country and
their way of life.
Within the foreseeable future, no
military force unleashed by black-
ruled countries could ever hope to
overthrow South Africa. Why?
Because South Africa is infinitely
more powerful, wealthy and
organized than any other African
country, and its white citizens,
with the help of many blacks,
would put up an incredible fight to
protect their land — land one must
be reminded, which they have
inhabited for centuries. Little will
it matter to them if they are
morally wrong and if world opinion
is against them.
As in all communities, a danger
common to all of its members
engenders a dismissal of internal
squabbles, an acceptance of
leadership and a powerful, unified
desire to protect that community.
Israel and Rhodesia are prime
examples of this behavioral fact.
The two broad groups of South
African whites, the Afrikaners and
the British, began their joint
tenancy of the country by warring
with each other. Until recently
they have seldom seen eye to eye.
They have joined to face the
common enemy by overwhelmingly endorsing the leadership of prime minister John
Vorster and the policies of his
party.   These  policies   include
apartheid, repression of liberalism
and increased military spending.
This, then, is the result of the
world's actions against South
African whites: a strengthening of
their resolve to preserve their
country and its system.
Secure in the knowledge that an
overthrow of South Africa cannot
come about, I can point to two
ways in which economic sanctions
will reduce the well-being of black
South Africans. Firstly, any
reduction in the wealth of South
Africa will affect blacks as well as
whites. If the government is in
economic difficulty it will be
considerably less apt to provide for
the blacks the health care,
education and housing which we all
believe they should have.
Secondly, it is apparent to me
that a growth of liberalism, such as
has been experienced in northern
Europe and North America in the
last quarter-century, occurs only
in times of prosperity. If we wish to
encourage liberal thinking among
South Africans, I suggest that we
dispense with economic sanctions
which can only reduce this
prosperity.
Partial
I cannot unfortunately agree
with your contention that the
student representative assembly
has "firmly established its
position" with regard to banking in
South Africa.
While I strongly support the
withdrawal of funds from the Bank
of Montreal, the action of the SRA
can only be termed a partial and
ineffective measure in light of the
decision of the SRA to continue
day-to-day transactions with the
bank. Evidently, morality in the
eyes of the SRA is a matter of
convenience.
Surely now reason must prevail,
if this protest against the activities
of the bank in South Africa is to be
effective, all dealings with the
Bank of Montreal must be terminated.
C.L. Bickford
geology 4
U.B.C. Single Student Residences
Invite Applications
For TKe Positions Of
HOUSE ADVISORS and
RES. FELLOWS
for 1978-1979
These positions are open only to single men and women.
Successful applicants will be required to live in the residences.
Applications forms and detailed job descriptions are available at
the Ponderosa Housing Office and at the Front Desk of each
Residence Area: Totem Park,Place Vanier and W. H. Gage.
Applications will be accepted from February 1st to
February 15th, 1978 at the Front Desks of the
Residences or at the Ponderosa Housing Office.
Finally, a point which the legions
of halo-polishing government
leaders and media persons fail to
consider: in a world of regrettably
increasing polarization between
communist and capitalist
alliances, we would do well to
harbor our allies, especially ones
as geographically strategic and
resource rich as South Africa. To
wish economic instability upon an
ally is unwise.
The SRA, in pulling student
funds out of the Bank of Montreal,
has acted on emotions rather than
pragmatism. I suggest they return
the money forthwith.
Gilbert Raynard
civil engineering 4
/ >
AMS should suffer a bit
The student representative assembly plans to remove all term
deposits from the Bank of Montreal, but will continue to deal with the
bank for day-to-day services.
Since this move is calculated to express the AMS's opinion of the
Bank of Montreal's lending practices, I ask if the AMS doesn't feel a
little hypocritical? Why not remove all funds, stop dealing with the
bank for day-to-day services; in short, sever all business with the
Bank of Montreal.
Since the bank is so conveniently located, I suppose it would be too
much trouble to go off campus for the daily services. If the AMS is
truly against the Bank of Montreal lending funds to South Africa, one
would think that it could show support for the "cause" by suffering a
little too.
As a matter of interest, the Bank of Montreal controls $20 billion. I
don't think that a loss of a deposit in the tens of thousands is going to
hurt at all.
A. Maloney
arts 2
V.
Electronic
Design
Engineers
Burroughs' new Engineering and Manufacturing plant in
Winnipeg requires highly creative engineers with
doctoral or masters degrees in electronic engineering or
relafed fields to work in the Engineering Department.
Burroughs Corporation is a worldwide computer
manufacturing and operating company with 61 plants in
10 countries. There are excellent opportunities for
advancement within the organization.
The Winnipeg Design Department presently employs
over 40 people actively engaged in the design of
(advanced computer memories. Suitable candidates
should have detailed knowledge of one or more of
these fields :-
• Control theory.
• Analog/digital conversion.
• Active and passive filters.
• Phase-locked loops.
• Electro-optics.
Burroughs offers challenging assignments, excellent
working conditions, good employee benefits including a
stock purchase plan, and competitive salaries.
Winnipeg has excellent housing, shopping, cultural and
recreational facilities.
If you are self-motivated, ambitious, and would like to
join a progressive design team,
Call Ed Trost, Manager Electrical Engineering
Collect   (204) 257 7100    Mon thru Friday
or Send your Resume to
BURROUGHS BUSINESS MACHINES Ltd.
P.O. Box 861, WINNIPEG. MANITOBA. R3C 2P7
Burroughs  * m\
Product Engineering ^iB^ Page 6
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1978
Tween classes
TODAY
CSA
Chinese painting class, 5:30 p.m.,
SUB 125.
MacKENZIE HOUSE
Graffiti garden (dance, beer garden),
8:30 p.m. to 12:30, Place Vanier
ballroom.
UBC DEBATING SOCIETY
General meeting, noon, SUB 113.
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
The Canadian economy: The long
decline. Speaker: Robert Sims, 8
p.m., 1208 Granville St.
ATA
Meeting with reps of SFU TA
Assoc, their experiences with administration, comparable stipend
rates and working conditions, noon,
Garden     room,    Graduate    Student
UBC T'BIRD HOCKEY TEAM
Game against University of Saskatchewan Huskies, students free, 7:30
p.m., Thunderbird arena.
UBC SKYDIVING CLUB
General meeting, everyone welcome, noon, SUB 212.
UBC SAILING CLUB
Executive     meeting,     noon
216F.
FINE ARTS DEPT.
A concert by Al Nell -- legendary
jazz pianist and shaker and mover of
the Vancouver music scene In the
50's and 60's, 8:30 p.m., Music
Building recital hall.
BAHA'I CLUB
Informal talk on the Baha'i faith,
noon, SUB 115.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Women's committee meeting, noon,
SUB 130.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
Une conference avec Jacques Ball-
laut de la radio francaise a CBC, ce
solr patiner a T'bird et voir J. A.
Martin Photographe a Bunbar,
noon, La Maison Internationale.
Hot
flashes
Apply aow for
fellowships
Are you an impoverished grad
student looking for a government
sugar daddy to finance your pet
project?
There are a number of university graduate fellowships awarded
to students beginning or continuing grad studies at UBC in
September, 1978. The fellowships
are $5,000 for master's programs
and $5,500 for doctoral programs.
Students must be nominated
for the fellowships by their department, and department nominations must be in to UBC's
Awards Office by Feb. 14.
Also available are a number of
grad summer scholarships of
$1,500 or less for the summer of
1978.
Department recommendations
must be received by the awards
office by March 1.
HANG GLIDING CLUB
General   meeting.   Those   Interested
In lessons should attend, noon, SUE
215.
PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS'
ASSOCIATION
Guest speaker: Dr. D. Putton, noon,
Angus 321.
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 119.
SATURDAY
UBC T'BIRD HOCKEY TEAM
Game against U. of Sask., 7:30
p.m., T'bird arena.
CSA
Volleyball team practice, 8:30 p.m.,
Thunderbird Gym A.
MARDI  GRAS
Tickets available at SUB ticket
office, 8 p.m., Commodore, Granville St.
PHOTOSOC
Day trip to Whidbey Island, 8 a.m.,
meet at the loop behind SUB.
MONDAY
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Women'   s   drop-In,   noon,  SUB   130.
sub     TUESDAY
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Women's committee meeting, noon,
SUB 130.
USC SKI CLUB
General meeting — Important, noon,
SUB party room.
WORLD UNIVERSITY SERVICE
OF CANADA
Slide show  on  China,   8 p.m., committee room, grad centre.
WEDNESDAY
CAMPUS CHRISTIAN COALITION
Film series on "How should we then
live?" noon, Scarf 100.
CAMPUS MINISTRY
Ash  Wednesday   service,   7:30   p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
Films   on    food   and   development,
10:30 a.m. SUB party room.
CONTEMPORARY DANCE CLUB
Exploring  dance   technique and Improvisation, 3:30 p.m., SUB 212.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Lesbian drop-In, noon, SUB 130.
r
CHINESE CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Bible studying, noon, SUB 213.
CSA
Choir   practice,  0:30  p.m
tlonai House.
Chinese   New  Year  soclai
— members free, 7:30 p.m.,
tlonat House.
CAMPUS MINISTRY
Project       ploughshares:
Thomson, noon, Buch. 319.
HOMOSOC
Homophlle     meetlnq,     noon
113.
CHARISMATIC CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Weekly    student    fellowship,
SUB 205.
Interna-
gatherlny
., Interna-
Murray
BLENHEIM
IMPORTS
SERVICE
VOLKSWAGEN
SPECIALISTS
REASONABLE RATES
FACTORY TRAINED
MECHANICS
3299 W. 4th Ave.
738-0910
Van.
NURSING
UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
Nominations are open for:
1. N.U.S. President
2. N.U.S. Treasurer
3. N.U.S. Representative to the S.R.A.
Nominations close Feb. 6th
ELECTIONS ARE FEB. 13th
GRAD CLASS OF '78
The deadline for applications for Grad Glass
Gifts and Projects is February 10, 1978. Submit
Applications and Questions to:
SUB Box 118
No late applications will be accepted.
K0RRES
»i
W   t lovinr, ;\ storack ltd.
Reasonable
Rates
Big or Small Jobs
ALSO GARAGES
BASEMENTS
& YARDS
732-9898
CLEAN-UP
OFF-CAMPUS HOUSING OFFICE
Main Floor SUB
SOME REMINDERS:
—Landlord and Tenant Law I and II
These two special programs of the Vancouver People's Law
School will be shown on Vancouver Channel 10 on February 6
and 13 at 8:00 p.m. Also in other localities through February;
call 734-1126 for further information.
—Income Tax: "RentAid" and Moving Expenses
As a renter you have the right to a RentAid grant even if you
have no taxable income. Also, you can claim an income tax
deduction for moving expenses to summer or permanent work.
Full info available at the Off-Campus Housing Office, or call
689-5411.
LAST CHANCE - (ARTS STUDENTS)
to have a say in the A.U.S.
NOMINATIONS CLOSE ON FEB. 6th FOR
1. ARTS PRESIDENT - Liason between students and Admin., Chair, of
Arts Council, Arts Rep. to S.R.A.
2. ARTS VICE-PRESIDENT - Social Coordinator and assists president.
3. ARTS TREASURER - Looks after all financial matters.
4. ARTS  SECRETARY  -  Correspondence and Chief  Returning Officer
(Positions 1-4 — attend Arts meetings and Arts Council Meetings.)
5. 4 ARTS REPS to the Student Representative Assembly (SRA) (attend
Arts Meetings, Arts Council Meetings & SRA Meetings.)
ELECTIONS ARE FEB. 15th
Advice, Information and Nomination Forms Available
at Arts Office (Buch. 107)
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
CD   JLftA    desk top, user programmable, alphanumeric,
wl»"OwM    prompting microcomputer
• You can key in your
own programs, and
edit and delete or
insert steps
• The SR-60A can run
up to 7920 step or
990 data register
systems
• Fully alphanumeric:
keyboard, LED display, data storage and
printer
• 50 character per
second SILENT, thermal printer. System
diagnostics
• Interfaces to: single
or dual tape cassettes,
CPT Selectric report
printer and RS232
for a wide variety of
communications devices
• Over 250 library
systems     developed
For product monograph,
engineering or business
systems abstracts or a
demonstration, please
call:
IHHi   tHStt   IHM   ttttft
The SR60A
$2850.00
F.S.T.   Inc.
Infotron Systems Ltd.   732-0132
1401 W. Broadway, Vancouver V6H 1 H6
Dealerships are available in some areas.
10 DAYS
FOR DEVELOPMENT
Feb. 7: Buchanan 319   12:30
Murray Thomson, Education Secretary
Project Ploughshares
Development and Disarmament
Ash Wed.
SUB Party Room   10:30 - 3:30
A series of films & slides
on Food & 3rd World Issues
—   on the hour   —
("Bottle babies"; "Puerta Rico Invaded";
"Solidarity"; "Sharing Daily Bread";
"Fort Good Hope"; "The Sahel")
Ash Wednesday Service   7:30
Chapel Lutheran Campus Centre
Sponsor Lutheran Campus Ministry &
Co-operative Campus Ministry
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial —  3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
.   50c Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Off ice. Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
FREE VANCOUVER INSTITUTE LECTURE. Prof. John Dirks, head of the
Department of Medicine in UBC's
medical school, speaks on "Salt in
Health and Disease", Saturday (Feb.
4) at 8:15 p.m. in Lecture Ball No. 2
of the Woodward IRC.
10 — For Sqle — Commercial
WINTER SPECIALS. Bauer Black Panr
ther skates, $53.50; Down ski jackets,
$36.95 up; Ladies figure skates, $27.95;
Adidas Roms, $19.95; Squash racquets,
$12.95 up; Racquet-ball racquets, $6.95
up. Community Sports, 3616 West 4th
Ave., 733-1612.
ORGANICALLY GROWN Okanagan fruit
and vegetables. Wholesale prices in
bulk. Free Delivery. 738-8828.
11— For Sale — Private
SMITH CORONA French typewriter
'Sterling" manual. English letter arrangement. 224-3889 after 6 p.m. $55.
SNOW TIRES, D-78-14 Goodyear. Like
new. 228-4819.
35 — Lost
LADIES   SEIKO WATCH  — Silver with
purple   face.   Phone   874-1286.
WATCH   — Home   Ec.  Building.   Phone
228-B37S evenings.
65 — Scandals
WHO WILL Commodore Shelly Pringle
take to the UBC Sailing Club dance
Friday, Feb. 3rd? Come and see. Grad
Centre. Live Band. Tickets $2. AMS
Office.
IMPORTANT  GENERAL   MEETING   for
UBC   Ski Club members!  Tues., Feb.
7th, SUB Party Room, 12:30 p.m.
HAPPY     BIRTHDAY     STICKY     BUNS!
From Popsicle Toes.
70 — Services
INCOME  TAX  RETURNS. Let me do it
while you enjoy your day. Call Mike,
736-6256.
85 — Typing
TYPING — 75c per page. Fast and accurate by experienced typist. Gordon,
669-8479.
CAMPUS DROP OFF point for typing
service. Standard rates. Call Liz, after
6:00 p.m., 732-3S90.
FAST, accurate typist will do typing at
home. Standard rates. Please phone
anytime,   263-0236.
FOR   ACCURATE   TYPING   on   an   IBM
Selecric, call 936-2577. Rush work
accepted. Reasonable. Vancouver pickup.
40 — Messages
FRANCOPHILES   and   FRANCOPHONES!
Come to Subfilms' presentation of
Francois Truffaut's "Small Change"
at only 75c!
PROFESSIONAL TYPING on IBM Correcting typewriter. By experienced
secretary.
Reasonable. 224-1567.
90 — Wanted
WANTED — one pair downhill skis,
165-175 ems. with bindings. Phone
Dianne, 224-9098. PAGE FRIDAY
UBC photographers display their works
This week's Page Friday cover features a photography by T. K. Chu,
who along with A. C. Soudack and Jim Gansner had his photographs
displayed in the SUB art gallery this month. More pictures by these
three UBC photographers and an assessment of the show appear on PF
2 and PF 3.
The habits of Italian drivers are scrutinized on PF 4. On the same
page appear reviews of the book Ecotopia and the musical Jacques Brel
is Alive and Well and Living in Paris.
Vancouver's growing recording industry is the subject of a feature on
PF 5. Also on the music scene, the University Singers and the VSO are
reviewed on PF 6, and Angel Parra is reviewed on PF 7.
Vista appears on PF 8 and a review of the film Short Eyes closes the
issue on PF 9. art
'V
Varied images of the world captured I
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k. chu photo
By DAVID MORTON
Despite the foreboding atmosphere of the AMS Art
Gallery, one of the most pleasant and accessible photography shows to appear on campus for years, was presented
there last week.
". . .belong" features color and black and white prints of
local Vancouver photographers, T. K. Chu, A. C. Soudack
and Jim Gansner. The pictures are all high in technical and
compositional quality but much of their effect is interfered
with by the AMS Gallery space.
The nature of the individual photographs and the exhibit
in general demanded a simple layout in order to communicate the show's statement. In order to achieve this
simplicity the number of pictures were kept to a minimum,
but the large sickly white walls and the excrement-colored
carpet made the exhibit look bare and sparse which substantially reduced the show's strength.
Nevertheless, it was quite clear what the show was attempting. Great pains were taken to guide the viewer
through the show looking at pictures in a specific order. The
pictures followed the procession of human beings through
the celebration of life, moving through time
chronologically, and the accompanying growth of the
conscious mind.
Starting with childhood, the pictures capture the
momentary images and the primal innocence of that
period. Children from Third World countries as well as
Western nations are shown in a variety of social conditions
ranging from sheer poverty to upper middle class.
The children are captured in spontaneous moments,
almost always in happy conditions despite their social
context.
The show moves through youth admittedly avoiding the
trauma that begins to descend on the individual during this
period of life. But the serenity of landscapes and the
soothing colors of the exotic countries that are
photographed create a strong impression that the show is a
retrospective of images from life rather than a forward
progression.
There is a peaceful harmony in the pictures which could
only come from the reminiscences of the aging mind. The
show definitely appeals to the Romantic viewer. It is not for
hard-core realists who enjoy being assaulted with waves of
pain.
Age is represented by pictures of older people, again from
both third-world and Western countries. The accompanying
state of mind is portrayed by a series of ethereal, almost
surrealistic, images of people with painted faces, darkly lit
landscapes and other abstract compositions. The pictures
reflect the sense of impending death and of what may or
may not be beyond life.
The   show   is   well   articulated   by   the   individual
—t. k. chu photo
Page Friday, 2
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1978 --.,!>yfs~
afc:\ lart
"t"^,h-:imJ:
V unusual skill of UBC photographers
photographers. Each of the three has something unique to
jffer.
T. K. Chu, who co-ordinated the show is particularly
astute at the difficult task of photographing children. They
demand a good deal of patience on the part of the
photographer because of the rapidly changing emotional
expressions. The photographer must be quick on the shutter
to capture the unpredictable movements.
Chu's understanding of the child's mind is clear. He
captures the spontaneity and innocence intrinsic in children
with a light, sensitive mood. The children are seen in a
variety of situations, most particularly one which shows the
momentary shyness that overcomes the child's mind when
He is confronted with strange faces of the same age.
Chu, a graduate student in engineering at UBC has
received some recognition as a photographer. His pictures
have been published in the locally-based Photo Life
magazine which circulates nationally. He was featured in
one issue with his children photos as well as writing the
accompanying article.
A. C. Soudack, also with UBC's engineering faculty, but
as a professor in electrical engineering, is particularly
adept with his use of the fish eye lens.
The fish eye is a super wide-angle lens which presents its
image in circular perspective rather than linear. It is often
a gimmicky device used by rich amateur photographers
with little respect for its full potential.
Soudack, however, uses the fish eye with unusual skill.
His best subjects are landscapes. Several of his pictures
show wide Israeli landscapes which are rich in texture,
curving gently from side to side. Thick stone walls with
striking texture curve like rubber giving an ironic abstraction to something that would appear to be immovable.
Jim Gansner, a former anthropology student at UBC, is
responsible for the images from India's Punjab region.
Gansner's former academic pursuits are evident in his
work. His subjects are the people, and his feeling for the
Punjabi enable him to portray them in a unique manner.
Despite the impoverished conditions in which many of the
people live, life seems to go on. Happiness is evident
everywhere in the beggars, workers and even the richer
people.
What is particularly striking about Gansner's work is his
use of color. His subjects enable him to use it to strong
advantage. One picture shows three women working in a
red pepper field. The women are small against the sea of
red peppers and the blue sky above provides a beautiful
color contrast.
The strengths of all three photographers combine to
present a widely varied photography exhibit. The only
regret is the Gallery in which it was shown. Perhaps
". . .belong" would belong better in the Fine Arts Gallery
which is for some reason more conducive to art shows.
ill
W
m+Mp'
—t. k. chu photo
—jim gansner photo
-a. c. soudack photo
k. chu photo
Friday, February 3, 1978
THE
UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 3 lifestyles \
Honor, anger hold up Italian traffic
By GABRIELLA BOTTESELLE
The traffic in Italy was something completely unexpected for a Canadian accustomed to believing with naive faith in the
sanctity of the law. In Italy, people deal with
traffic in a way that can only be described as
intuitive.
'Author's note: This piece is not in any way
intended to slander or defame the Italian
Polizia, the Italian judiciary system, the
Italian Department of Highways or the
Italian people.
At an intersection, the cars would bunch
up on the stop line, ominously inching forward. Swarming crowds of pedestrians
would overflow the crossing until the cars
broke line in a single force before which the
pedestrians would scatter. Then the
pedestrians would slowly press on the edge
of the curb until, by an unseen force, they
flooded the street, pushing the cars back.
And so it went, this cold war, all day long,
every day.
As far as laws were concerned, there were
no laws. There was no point in striking up
immaterial arguments about the traffic
lights that continued to eke out their
oblivious, meaningless existences above the
roar of humanity, especially when a horde of
glistening steel machines bore mercilessly
down upon you with singular, unflinching
intent.
WHO
Who would you argue with? A member of
the notoriously indolent Italia Polizia? They
solicited from me a feeling of dismay rather
than one of trust. Their moral convictions
invariably lay firmly in bias of those who
greased their palms most generously.
One day, walking home from a fruitful
afternoon spent at the Biblioteca Nazionale
in Florence, I came upon a charming thing:
an Italian traffic jam.
Now, you may say at this point that I am
exaggerating, that there is nothing that
distinguishes an Italian traffic jam from
any other, and that in any case, traffic jams
are not charming. But you are quite wrong.
Let us consider the afternoon in question.
Although the sun wouldn't set for another
hour, it cast long shadows between the
cramped, medieval buildings and on the
narrow, cobbled streets of the city. Traffic
was inching along the Alta Viale at a
deadening pace, as it usually does at that
hour. The occasional curse was hurled out of
a window at regular intervals, and the Alta
Viale accommodated its two-lane road to
four-lane traffic, as usual. (As a result of
this, cars drive partly on the sidewalks,
jeopardizing the safety of pedestrians
somewhat, but in Italy, people make do.) It
is not the sort of situation in which one wants
-to rock the boat, however.
A young woman driving a small, open
truck tried to make a left-hand turn, but she
wasn't in the left-hand lane, so she blocked
the cars in her lane and the other as she
tried to turn. Then, as with ruthless concentration she advanced steadily forward,
she deftly positioned her truck so that it
blocked traffic in all lanes of the intersection.
Because of the way Italians drive, I should
think that a small incident like that wouldn't
have upset anyone. But Italians tend to be a
little unreasonable when held from their
supper for too long. And they were supper-
bound, and this woman was preventing
them from getting there.
A man, in his overzealous race to get to his
destination resentfully nicked her truck on
the side. Well.
As quickly as a tensed spring, she jumped
up, started waving her arms and yelling at
the man that he was a stupid, fascist road
hog. The man wouldn't have said anything,
except that calling a person a hog is one of
the most stinging insults in the Italian
language. He stuck his head out of his
window, hurling a string of expletive-
adjectives at her and at the crowd in
general, which I blush to repeat here, orchestrated by appropriate hand gestures,
which I also blush to describe.
Chivalry being the cornerstone of Italian
male chauvinism, another driver behind the
lady jumped up to her defence, hurling a
string of abuse at the man worse than those
that he'd hurled at the lady.
Some Italians are known for their gimletlike tongues and see themselves as
frustrated lawyers, so soon the air was thick
with attacks, counterattacks, and attacks to
the counterattacks resounding from the
walls of the ancient buildings. Those who
didn't defend each case according to its
merits went on the jury. And those who
couldn't remain impartial jurors broke into
fist fights.
Some people had forgotten what the
original fight was about and started
dredging up old political and family feuds.
Some never knew that there was an original
fight — they were merely trying to get home
to supper — a God-given right and
unquestionable priority as far as an Italian
is concerned.
Meanwhile, the pedestrian traffic had
stopped completely. This was not for any
lack of athletic agility in dodging cars on
their part, but because they liked a free
show. They weren't as orderly a crowd as
that which attends the Wimbledom finals, it
is true. But on the other hand, neither were
they as malignant as the crowd at an Italian
soccer game. They followed the volleys,
turning their heads from side to side in a
collective motion, alternately clapping,
cheering, booing and interjecting rude
suggestions when it seemed necessary.
Young boys who hawk newspapers and
gelati become street-wise at a very te/ider
age, and it seems that most of the ones in
Florence had been lured by the delicious
scent of economic enterprise. They swooped
down on the crowd, flogging their wares,
regardless of factional prejudices.
No one had noticed that the original sinners had, after expressing their feelings
adequately, made their peace and somehow
disentangled themselves from the mess.
Perhaps no one would have cared.
Yet just as the riot had been caused
because the people were hungry, so it ended
because of the same fact. Just as it had
seemed logical to fight one hour earlier, so
did it seem, one hour later, only logical to
shake hands, slap backs, get sensibly back
into cars and go home. Don't ask me to
explain. This sort of complex logic is far
beyond the simple reasoning of a Canadian
like me.
The People's Justice (Giustizia del
Popolo) had once again triumphed over the
problems of modern industrial life without
unnecessary recourse to the hopelessly
backed-up Italian judiciary system, and
everyone was satisfied and refreshed. That
was pretty well the end of the incident except that next day, there appeared in the
evening paper this small item: "In response
to increasing traffic problems on the Alta
Viale, the Ministry of Highways has
initiated the construction of a shrine there,
dedicated to St. Christopher, patron saint of
travellers."
Ecotopia advocates unrealistic Society for future
By ERIC PROMISLOW
The idea that people can live
together and enjoy both unlimited
happiness and liberty has always
fascinated humankind. Utopian
societies have been described in
works ranging from Brave New
World to the Whole Earth Catalog.
None of the "classic" Utopias has
been considered possible. Sir
Thomas More coined the word,
which means something that can't
exist.
Ecotopia
By Ernest Callenbach
Bantam Books
213 pages, $1.95 paperback
In 1970 Charles A. Reich optimistically announced in The
Greening of America that the U.S.
was on the verge of a major
transformation. The humanitarian
values of the idealistic young were
about to become universally accepted, he said.
His treatise on the coming
"green revolution" was quickly
adopted by thousands of college
students. They were disillusioned
by Vietnam, the Nixon administration, and the plain, old
middle class routine. Reich's book
became their manifesto, the
Walden of the 1970s.
But the demonstrators of the
1960s became the insurance agents
of today. Reich was just as quickly
forgotten.
Somebody forgot to tell one
Ernest Callenbach that the
ecological revolution was dead.
Ecotopia, published in 1974, was
his good-natured attempt to continue from where Reich had left
off.
Ecotopia never caught on, and it
doesn't have a chance of
skyrocketing Callenbach to fame
today. One reason could be that the
readership Callenbach is aiming at
is more interested in MBA's than
an ecologically sound world.
On the other hand, it could be
that Ecotopia just isn't much more
than a cute work of speculative
fiction and deserves as much attention.
The facts the author gives are
ludicrous. The situations he
describes reach absurdity. For
someone who is describing a new,
revolutionary society, it takes
uncanny incompetence to lose the
reader's attention every few
pages. Callenbach may have
foreseen this. Much of the book
revolves around the protagonist's
sexual awakening while he's
visiting Ecotopia.
The most irritating part of the
book is Callenbach's actual conception of Ecotopia.
Ecotopia is the country that
Washington, Oregon and northern
California form after they secede
from the United States in 1980.
It's a cross of the ecological
aspirations of Greenpeace with the
ideology of Esalen, TM, est and
other notable human potential
movements.
The Ecotopians have nothing to
do with the United States. They all
have their shit together. They faithfully toss their garbage into the
proper recycling bins. They're
perfect, and they know it.
Reading the book, one wonders if
Callenbach knows what he is
talking about.
He seems to have no knowledge
of the geography of his country.
There are plenty of redwood forests,
but he never mentions the rain
forests of the northwest or the
deserts, which cover almost all of
eastern Washington and Oregon. It
seems most likely that he was
inspired by that postcard of a car
driving through a hollow sequoia.
His ignorance of the people who
inhabit the northwest is even more
conspicuous. A few communes
near Grants Pass and Eugene have
managed to endure the wave of
indifference that has destroyed
most alternate communities in the
U.S., but most young people in the
region are interested in finding
work and joining the system.
In the rural areas, ecological
consciousness is nearly dead. The
make-a-buck philosophy that Ken
Kesey described in Sometimes A
Great Notion prevails. The
Tacoma-based   Weyerhauser
company is making only token
measures to preserve the environment, and very few people
care.
It is beyond me how the attitudes
of the essentially conservative
Washingtonians could be transformed in six years to the point
where, when two stranges meet on
the street, they hug each other and
have a good sincere conversation
before moving on.
When American reporter
William Weston visits the
president, Vera Allwen, she puts
her hand on his knee and asks
what's troubling him. She tells him
not to hide his true feelings.
I'm not knocking the idea of a
society that would allow people to
act like humans, but Callenbach
makes it trite and predictable.
The format of the book is a
victim of the same problem. It's
interesting, but repetitive.
Weston's personal diary of his trip
is interspersed with his columns
that extol the wonders of an
ecological utopia.
It's all there. Friendly, sincere
people. Clean cities. No crime. No
pollution. No sexual or
psychological hang-ups. Zero
population growth. The mass-
transit system runs on time. A
perfect Keynesian economy and a
Marxist labor system, with none of
the problems usually associated
with them. The shows on television
are worth watching and the
newspapers have the best international contacts.
Callenbach's Ecotopia offers
everything that any human who
has achieved a state of fullness
could want.
And it comes off as a waste of
ink.
Callenbach makes no attempt to
put all those beautiful pieces of his
Utopia together into a logically
designed machine. Worst of all, he
never bothers to explain how
Ecotopia came to be the great
place that it is. He assumes that
the reader has as much insight as
he does, and doesn't need to be
convinced that Ecotopia is
possible.
The press release proudly
proclaims that Ecotopia has
become required reading for some
couples at the Universities of
Washington and Oregon, not to
mention the University of
California's Berkeley campus.
Perhaps these students should
temporarily set aside their desire
for a Utopian society and start
demanding a decent education in
order to cope with the society that
exists now.
Brel play has warm magical feeling
By MARTA MARTON
Jacques Brel's songs tell of love,
pain, loneliness, and hope in a
perceptive and unique way. They
have a poignant quality which is
both innocent and bitter. The
Studio 58 company offers a fresh
approach to this popular musical of
Brel's songs which celebrates life
with love and passion.
Jaques Brel is Alive and Well and
Living in Paris
Directed by Anna Hagan
Studio 58
Jacques Brel is a Belgian singer
and writer who retired from performing in 1967 to devote his
energies to write. Twenty-three of
his songs have been arranged and
translated by two Americans, Eric
Blau and Mort Shuman. These
songs form Jacques Brel is Alive
and Well and Living in Paris.
Although some of these songs
depict a mood prevalent in the
1960s, they are also timeless. Songs
such as The Desperate Ones,
Alone, and No Love present the
disillusion and alienation of contemporary society. People are
victims of their material pursuits
and empty lives and relationships.
In spite of the bitter perceptions
in these songs, Brel also tells us
that the world is filled with beauty
and humor. The Bachelor Dance,
Amsterdam, and The Bulls convey
this positive view.
Anna Hagan, the director,
presents a simple yet tightly
organized production. Her simple
staging enables the performers
and audience to concentrate on the
meaning and beauty of the songs.
The set is a shabby bar in which
the six singers take turns
presenting the songs. Although the
performers vary in ability ranging
from weak to excellent, Hagan has
chosen a cast well suited to the
songs they present.
Heidi Archibald provides the
highlights of the evening with her
performances of If You Go Away,
My Death, and Carousel. Her voice
is passionate and powerful. She
conveys Brel's cynical yet,
paradoxically, hopeful view of life.
Deborah Tennant, though her
voice requires more discipline,
expresses innocence and youth.
She is especially appealing in her
humorous, sensitive performance
of Timid Frieda.
Suzanne Berg, the musical
director, sings four songs. She
reveals a mature understanding of
Brel's lyrics.
The Langara singers perform
with enthusiasm to create a
stimulating evening. They join to
sing the final number, If We Only
Have Love. This song contains
Brel's most important  message.
Brel's lyrics depict the dualities
of life. They are funny and sad,
cynical and idealistic.
Brel's music and lyrics will leave
you with a warm magical feeling
and make you wish for more
songwriters with such talents.
Page Friday, 4
THE
UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1 978 music
Vancouver recording studios emerge
By GEORGE HUEY
After a decade of dreams and aspirations that went
largely unrealized, Vancouver's recording industry has
finally gotten off the ground. But whether it remains aloft is
another matter. Yet the indications are that it will indeed
persevere and thrive, thanks to the emergence of modern
recording facilities and the recruitment of able technical
personnel.
In the past the lack of good technical personnel and
adequate recording facilities has put a damper on the
professional recording of music. Vancouver musicians, not
suffering from any lack of talent, were inevitably
frustrated in their attempts to put their sounds down on
acetate, and putting them down on vinyl seemed out of the
question. Vancouver Musicians were blind men and women
in search of seeing-eye dogs which could lead them out and
away from the obscurity of playing in downtown streets,
claustrophobic coffeehouses and clubs, and at high school
dances.
That situation has since been rectified somewhat. Vancouver is still far from being the recording capital of the
world, but now that initial glimmer of hope, after some
erratic flickering over the years, has intensified.
Vancouver is now the home of some very presigious
recording studios, which entice internationally renowned
artists as well as servicing the local yokels. Among these
are Little Mountain Sound, Mushroom, Pinewood Studios,
Total Sound, and Ocean Sound in North Vancouver.
Little Mountain Sound is located at 201 West 7th Avenue,
nestled in anonymity among similar drab and colorless
commercially-based buildings. The exterior of the building
conceals what is the largest recording complex (in area
space) in Canada. Management at Little Mountain claims
that their facilities are technically as good as any of the
worldwide studios, equipped with the latest in recording
hardware.
There are a total of four studios at Little Mountain, two of
which are major studios. The largest is Studio A, which is
considered 'live' by acoustical standards and is used
primarily for orchestral sounds. (A live sound means that
the sound of the notes fades away slowly.) The walls can be
tuned and the area is littered with baffles, available for
subtle adjustments in the acoustical properties of the
studio. Within Studio A is a drum booth, a small (12'x20')
room used specifically for percussion. The floor of this
room is sand-filled and there are sand-traps in the ceiling.
There are two 'in-house' drum kits.
The size of the studio itself is monstrous, capable of
holding an entire orchestra at one time. As a matter of fact,
Australian pop star Olivia Newton John did employ a 78-
piece orchestra when she recorded a few songs at Little
Mountain not too long ago. In addition to the drum kits,
there are other instruments owned by the studio, which
include several keyboard instruments such as a concert
piano, a Howard rock piano, and several synthesizers.
Little Mountain Sound is one of the few, if not the only,
recording studio complexes with matching control rooms.
Across the hall from Studio A is Studio B which is essentially the same set-up, but has 24 tracks in comparison to
the 16 tracks of Studio A. Studio R is also 'dead', tuned
specifically for rock. ( A dead sound is one with almost no
reverberation so sounds do not linger.)
Studio C is Little Mountain Sound's production studio,
where jingles and commercials are produced for various •
advertising agencies across Canada and the United States.
A plexiglass partition separates the 4-track control console
from a relatively small booth where all the actresses, actors, and singers actively participate in the production of
ads.
The production company which works in conjunction with
Little Mountain Sound has its offices upstairs in the same
building. Although it has been operating for over a decade
and a half, the fruits of its labour have gone relatively
unnoticed. Yet, despite its obscurity among the locals,
Griffiths-Gibsons services many of the major advertising
agencies in North America. In the past, it has collaborated
with agencies with such reputable clients as Kodak
Cameras and Buick Autos.
In comparison to the other studios, Studio D is not terribly
exciting, containing a few tape machines, a typewriter, and
a file cabinet.
Parallel to the operation of the recording studios has been
the recent establishment of the Panda Record Company,
involved specifically in the production of L.P. records.
Bighorn, a rock combo from Seattle has been its first client
and was in the process of adding the finishing touches to
their first album when I was visiting Little Mountain. Bob
Brooks, the general manager at Little Mountain, readily
expressed enthusiasm for the new company.
"We're hoping that we'll be able to lease Bighorn to a
major. We've had overtures from four of the top major-
s . . . quite a lot of excitement as a matter of fact. 1978
could be the year of the Panda."   -
In the past, such luminaries in the music industry as
Vancouver, Mushroom's track record is impressive. Some
of the major artists who have used the facilities are Bach-
man Turner Overdrive, Chilliwack, and of course, Heart,
who recorded their first album Dreamboat Annie at
Mushroom. Among the new artists recording at Mushroom
and who show some initial promise are Jerry Doucette,
formerly guitarist for the Rocket Norton Band and Prism,
some of whose members used to play for the Seeds of Time
(remember them?).
In terms of catering to the big-name international artists,
KEITH STEIN
—matt king photo
. chief engineer at Mushroom Recording Studio, making music at the console
Dionne Warwick, George Martin (former producer of the
Beatles), and of course, the Bay City Rollers, whose arrival
was heralded by much fanfare, have either used the
facilities at Little Mountain Sound or were given tours and
had contemplated using the studios.
Among some of the artists that Little Mountain has
booked for this year are Valdy, who is now in the process of
recording an album for A&M records, Bobby Curtola (yes,
he's still around), and the Hometown Band in the Spring.
There were some other artists, but the agreements with
them were still tentative and Brooks refused to disclose who
they were.
Over on 1234 West 6th, only about a mile away from Little
Mountain, lies Mushroom Recording Studio, formerly
called Can-Base. In comparison to the facilities at Little
Mountain, the facilities at Mushroom seem archaic,
remnants from the Dark Ages in studio recording. Much of
the hardware which still remains had been purchased
second-hand during Mushroom's inception.
And in contrast to Little Mountain's four studios,
Mushroom has only one. The control board itself is a 20-
year-old Universal Audio tube board. Sixteen tracks are
used instead of the 24 which are favoured by the major
recording studios these days.
Mushroom's chief engineer Keith Stein is quick to point
out the advantages of what appear to be the drawbacks of
these facilities at Mushroom. The tube console has been
kept because the resultant sound quality more than compensates for the overheating, burning-out, and the need for
replacement of tubes. Sixteen tracks are favoured over 24
because each individual track is wider and consequently
provides a quieter (less distortion), bigger, and punchier
sound.
Mushroom has restricted its main business to the
production of L.P. records these days. Initially, the company had also been involved in the production of commercials and jingles as well. But now, Mushroom focuses
its energies in the production of music with some measure
of artistic value.
For promotion and advancement of the music industry in
PRISM . . . who, along with Chilliwack and Jerry Doucette, are among Mushroom's new artists
—matt king photo
Mushroom has corralled such notables as Ringo Starr, who
made a rather unobtrusive visit to Vancouver a few months
ago. Ringo brought some reputable session men with him,
including bassist Dee Murray (ex-member of the Elton
John Band) and Stanley Schwartz on keyboards. However
Ringo and his crew became disenchanted with Vancouver's
grey skies and consequently left for the Bahamas to do the
vocals for eleven songs they recorded at Mushroom.
Both Brooks of Little Mountain Sound and Stein of
Mushroom have made some interesting observations about
the recording industry in Vancouver as it stands now, and
predictions about the course it will take in the near future.
From the standpoint of a chief engineer, Stein foresees
concrete technological changes taking place. Digital
recording, still being developed, will render existing
recording techniques obsolete. Instead of the cumbersome
two-inch tape now used, digital recording will encode
musical sounds on quarter-inch tape. Despite these
speculations, Stein sits content with what equipment he has
now.
In terms of the music industry as a conglomeration of
commercial ventures, Brooks foresees the infiltration of
more international artists into Canada, primarily because
the withholding tax here is substantially less than in the
United Kingdom and the United States. In addition, the
quality of the recording facilities in Canada, constantly
improving, provides a strong incentive. Canadian technical
personnel will become more adept at their craft, gleaning a
great deal of knowledge from the engineering staff brought
by the international artists.
"I think we're going to see more and more international
activity: it's going to become almost a common thing," said
Brooks.
"The industry's growing: there's a feeling of togetherness that's happening that hadn't existed three or four
years ago ... I think we're growing up."
The professional recording of music is a complex, time
consuming, and arduous task. It would be an injustice to
summarize what goes on in a studio during the recording of
an album in a few paragraphs. But because of the shortage
of column space here, we are going to do just that.
The individuals involved in any recording session are the
producer, the recording engineer and the musicians
themselves.
The role of the producer is perhaps the most nebulous in
the recording industry. He can be almost anyone and does
not have to have any particularly outstanding qualities or
technical skills. Paradoxically, he is also the the individual
who is the most highly touted and receives the most credit
for the 'production' of an album.
The key figure in the recording session is the recording
engineer, who is essentially the overseer or person who
ensures that everything is operating smoothly. A detailed
knov'edge about electronics is not a requisite, but the
engineer must know what the available facilities can do.
Knowledge about music is a definite asset if not essential.
The engineer should be aware of what each of the instruments can do and of what types of sounds they produce.
He should also have more than a mere acquaintance with
the science of acoustics. The engineer himself may be the
producer.
See PF 8: MIXING
Friday, February 3, 1978
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 5 music
'!*4ff  '"S!
UBC choir returns triumphantly
By ROBERT JORDAN
UBC Music Department's
University Singers presented a
homecoming concert last week in
St. John's (Shaughnessy) Church.
They were conducted by their
director James Fankhauser in an
extremely attractive, well
balanced programme of varied
choral music.
The "homecoming" tag came as
a result of the choir's return after a
successful five-day tour of Van
couver Island. This concert was to
give the choir's home town
(Vancouver) a chance to hear what
it has missed while the choir was
on tour.
Lamentably few people (in
proportion to the excellence of the
concert presented) bothered to
attend. This was a shame. Despite
some lapses in the first half of the
concert, the second half was so
tremendous in comparison that it
erased any doubts raised earlier.
Antonio Lotti's Crucifixus and J.
S. Bach's motet, Singet dem Herrn
were the culprits, preventing total
enjoyment of the first half.
Some    wonderful    chromatic
writing and close dissonances
pervade the Crucifixus. However,
intonation in the choir had a tendency to meander and turn sour a
little too often. The Bach was
rhythmically rather loose and the
choir curiously reticent in enthusiasm and joi de vivre.
Was this due to nerves? Anxiety?
Over-eagerness to do well? All of
the above? Anyway, things began a
decided turn for the better in
contemporary Finnish composer
Joonas Kokkonen's Laudatio
Domini. With just enough avant-
garde choral gimmickry to effectively suit his expressive
musical purpose, Kokkonen's work
was always interested and often
lovely.
The choir's interpretation of it
was very well executed and gave a
most favourable first impression of
the work.
The programme's second half
consisted of a great many more
pieces than the first half.
From Haydn's Abendlied zu Gott
to a rousing negro spiritual, John
Saw Duh Numbuh, this half of the
concert was a series of varied and
UNIVERSITY SINGERS ... varied repertoire plus impressive technical and interpretive skill
VSO disappoints
By ROBERT JORDAN
Rumors began circulating
several weeks ago that guest
pianist Christoph Eschenbach's
terminal egotism would prevent
him from performing Faure's
Ballade, opus 19, as originally
advertised.
The rumors proved true, and a
symphony spokesman announced
that "internationally acclaimed"
Julie Holtzman would take his
place. "She's a fine gal," he said.
"We're sure she'll do okay."
Her performance of the Faure
turned out to be a qualified success. The Ballade is a gentle, wispy
piece of pastel orchestral shades
and ripply piano passage work.
Holtzman was given a bouquet of
roses as a token of esteem for her
efforts.
Preceding the Faure work was
Haydn's Symphony No. 88 in G
major. Kazuyoshi Akiyama conducted a rather lacklustre performance. This only revealed the
orchestra's need for more performances of music from the
classic era.
Boredom with the work could not
have been a factor in the mediocre
performance because the VSO has
played practically no Haydn music
for at least five years. Surmisals
for the performance's drabness
were running amok through the
dense crowd in the Orpheum lobby
at intermission. But Akiyama was
not available for comment.
Bewildered, yet curious concert-
goers returned to watch VSO
principal violist Leslie Malowany
stand up at the front of the stage
while the orchestra played Berlioz'
Harold in Italy, opus 16.
Admittedly Malowany played
the occasional viola solo in the
work with average professional
competence, no more. But the need
for him to have been standing in
front of the orchestra to do so has
not yet been determined. Investigators have launched a study
of the situation and details will be
made available as soon as the
results of the study are known.
The work as a whole ranks on
some concertgoers' personal
preference lists as being one of the
most dull and shallow ever written.
"Well, Berlioz is famous for
some other things and there aren't
too many viola concertos around,
so we thought we'd give Malowany
a chance to play concert soloist,"
said VSO program planners. "We
admit he (Malowany) looked a
little silly up there with almost
nothing to do, but what the hell —
the crowd loved it, didn't they?"
Apparently. Applause continued
loud ar, \ long after all the non-
partisan-Berlioz persons had
discreetly left the hall. What all the
clapping was in aid of was
anybody's guess as the preceding
concert had been the most wretchedly dull of the season so far.
delightful music, delightfully sung
in every way.
It included music from the
Renaissance to the Modern eras as
well as a beautiful Appalachian
carol called As Joseph Was A-
walking. In these works the choir
began to demonstrate the truly
admirable interpretive and
technical qualities of which it is
indeed capable.
Tight technical control and sure
intonation were wedded to gentle
expression and bountiful
exuberance as the occasion
required. What more need be said?
This was choral singing of a very
high calibre indeed.
Several soloists from the choir
proved their deftness of touch as
did piano accompanist Karen
Pozzi. Worthy of mention among
the other soloists were Ben Hepp-
ner, triangle, Pat Cavanagh, alto
absurdo and Gordon Boothe, j)asso
blotto, all in local composer Peter
Bjerring's "lollipop" number,
specially written for the choir,
called Can You Lend Me A Friend?
The choir "just happened to
have" a couple of encores
prepared   "just   in   case".   They
consisted of another rhythmically
vibrant spiritual, Good News, a
real tour de force, and a lovely
concert peacefully concluded with
the placid and contemplative My
Lord, What A Morning.
The University Singers et al
will be giving many more concerts
in the music building recital hall
before the term is over. The price
is right (the concerts are free), so
keep an eye on The Ubyssey for
details and ... be there.
She loves him.
He admires her taste.
Pd id mount Pittu'K Presents A First Art^is Pirxluct'Oi
Henry Winkler is "The One and Only"
Kim Darby Gene Saks William Daniels Harold Gould
Herve Villechalze  Written by Steve Gordon
Executive Producer Robert Halmi
Produced by Steve Gordon and David V. Picker
Directed by Carl Reiner
A Carl Reiner Film
HENRY WINKLER
is
IMPRINT
Prints by Old & New Masters
Come and See
The CASTLE - WARHOL -
MICHAEL SNOW etc.
Selections  from   Fine  Arts Department Study
Collection at:
SUB ART GALLERY
January 30th thru February 13th
SPONSORED    BY    THE    AMS
Subfilms has the
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We expect to see all you francophiles and francophones.
Page Friday, 6
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1978 IC * V& * A*?<i* «AlN music HUj
Music decries Chile
By MAUREEN CURTIS
"Bloody dictatorship," "the loss
of the right to hear artists," "the
loss of freedom and sometimes
life," "barbed wire and guns."
These were the words, not of Alexander Solzhenitsyn, but alderman
Harry Rankin, who introduced
Chilean folksinger Angel Parra at
the Playhouse last Sunday.
Rankin spoke condemningly of
the fascist junta, placed in Chile,
he said, by "United States imperialism." He criticized Canada
for being among the first to
recognize the recent junta. But
then Canada had the same
distinction in the case of Vietnam.
Rankin encouraged the audience
to boycott Chilean goods. This, he
claimed, would help the Chileans in
the same way the boycott of South
African wines has aided the blacks.
Angel Parra himself appeared
and received a standing ovation.
For the past 15 years he has
sung, taught guitar, given free
concerts for the workers and the
poor and composed music for
several documentary films extolling the virtues of socialism.
After the military coup of 1973
Parra was imprisoned for a few
months, during which he formed a
prisoners' singing group.
Now he lives in exile, singing and
performing as he did Sunday,
sponsored by the Canadians for
Democracy in Chile.
On   stage,   Parra   was   ac-
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companied by an interpreter and
two persons who recited the
English translation of every song.
This was hardly necessary as it
turned out. When Parra encouraged the audience to sing
along they responded exuberantly
and with very convincing accents.
Most of the hair in the audience
was black, and most of the eyes
were brown.
The purpose of the concert was to
raise funds to accelerate and
facilitate the removal of the junta
in Chile.
Angel Parra spared no energy.
He thrashed and stroked his guitar.
He wailed and screamed the lyrics.
Had not one person in the audience
understood Spanish it would still be
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evident to all that Parra
passionately felt every word in his
songs.
Many of the songs, such as
Preguntas y Respuestas, were of
the pleasant but typical 'ay-yay-
yay-yay' genre. Others were
violent and furious protest songs,
of little melodic merit. The
audience obviously enjoyed some
of the older folksongs and polkas.
But the Tango in 'Colombes'
(exile) was the favorite and
showed Parra's real artistic ability
to write and perform songs that
can be happy, sad, angry or
hopeful. He expresses his view of
the whole of life, and that is one of
the jobs of an artist.
THE SEARCH OF
AN ATHEIST
When I first came to the University in the fall of i970, I considered
myself to be a "hardcore''atheist. As a youth I had spent many religious
Sundays in "church" hut the hypocrisy and shallowness I found there
caused me to seriously doubt the reliability of tlie teachings of
Christianity. About that time I became intrigued by the logic of scientific-
deduction and plunged whole-heartedly into Darwin's Origin of Species
and other basic biological studies. Darwin's work seemed so reasonable that
I no longer saw the need for a creator, so, casting off religion 1 began to
construct my own ideas of reality, this time using only what was
scientifically demonstrable. Intent upon knowing what was real in life, I
came to the University mainly to seek out the knowledge that I hoped
would give some meaning to my existence, "Ye shall know the Tttith, and
the Iruth shall make you free." Ironically, I remember standing before this
provoking quotation on the Main Building and swearing to myself that 1
would not leave this University.until I had found "the Truth".
At that time I still had great faith in the scientific method, "empirical
validation". Believing that the mysteries of the universe could best be
explained through an understanding of the molecular organization and
dynamics of biological systems, I began to study cell biology,
bio-chemistry, and neurophysiology. As ! considered the subtle
interrelationships of biochemical and metabolic pathways and the
mind-boggling complexities and organization of the human brain, 1 began
to wonder how it all came into being. The geneticists' speculation that all
of nature developed from haphazard mutations in the chromosomes
bordered on the absurd — even to an atheist. Variations within species are
one thing, but to claim that these random mistakes in the genetic code
could account for the difference between a bacterium and a man was a
mighty long stretch of the facts.
These questions took me beyond the limited realm of science, and 1
began reading the Western philosophers. After considerable study, 1
became disillusioned with their strictly "rational", mentalistic approach. It
seemed futile and vain to assume that realities of an infinite universe could
be grasped by a finite mind, or that the deep mysteries of life and nature
could be really known through abstract, mental concepts. Consequently, I
began reading more experiential works such as those of Sartre, Camus and
other existentialists. 1 also began to explore other avenues of consciousness
such as mind-altering drugs and Eastern philosophies and religions, hoping
that these esoteric approaches might provide the handles to come to grips
with the fundamental dilemma of existence. I even began to practice
meditation in hopes of getting "deeper" than my mentality.
Eventually I came to realize that the descriptions of "nothingness"
and the "great void" characteristic of Eastern religions bore a familiar
resemblance to the terms of "absurdity" and "meaninglessness" used to
describe life by the Western existentialists. Even the practice of meditation
left me acutely aware of a great void, an emptiness, at the center of my
being; and the type of "peace" I experienced while meditating was like the
"peace"found in a tomb - silent and empty. In fact, many of the yogis
and gurus I read about were outstanding because they had attained a state
of passivity which closely resembled death. This definitely was not what I
was looking for. What I wanted was to experience a flow of life filling my
being. What I wanted was purpose and meaning and content, not emptiness
and passivity. I needed something that would take me beyond my own
self-bound soul, not deeper into it.
By this time I was clear about three things:
1) 1 was an empty man,
without purpose in a seemingly meaningless universe.
2) For all I  knew there could very well be a God who was beyond my
ability to conceive of him.
3) There was something strangely attractive about the life and person of
Jesus of Nazareth.
It was about this time that I began to recognize an intense inward
conflict between mind and body. It seemed that whenever my mind was
trying to lead in a positive, reasonable direction, there was another "life"
in my flesh dragging me down. Deep-rooted questions concerning the
purpose and value of my existence became naggingly intense. I became
increasingly preoccupied with fleeting pleasures that failed to bring any
lasting satisfaction.
Then the day finally came when 1 decided that if there was a living
God who was the source of life, then I had better find out if He could be
experienced. I remember being alone in my room that night and feeling
very empty and very heavy. Out of desperation I spoke out loug and said
something like, "Oh God, if you are real, then you know that I want to
know the truth. So if you are real, somehow let me know." Immediately,
some, great gap within me was being filled. I knew that God himself was
very wonderfully making Himself known to me. Spontaneously I wept. It
was too real. I felt as if there was some sort of divine ointment saturating
my inner being with joy and peace. Right away I had the realization that
this God must be a forgiving God, because I had been an outspoken enemy
of His for so long for some reason I couldn't quit thinking of Christ. .
Hoping to be able to better take in what was happening inside me, I
got into a yoga position and tried to meditate. As I did I remembered a
verse from the Bible where Jesus had said something about a man who
would find God "must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow ME."
Suddenly, from deep within, I had the realization that Jesus Christ was
very real and that it was His Son who was filling and regenerating me. The
light hit me so suddenly that I fell out of the yoga position flat on my back
onto the floor and exclaimed, "Oh, my God, it's true." Again I wept as I
felt a huge weight of guilt and condemnation lifted. I realized that the
death and resurrection of this Jesus had opened the way for me to come to
God. Now I knew that His sinless blood had been shed for me. New life
was surging through my spirit, and it seemed that eternity was opened
before me. Eastern religions and practices were forever terminated along
with the rest of my past.
From that day in February 1973 until now Christ has become more
real and my experience of Him more full. To all others who have embarked
on a seeker's journey, I commend you to the words of Jesus, which are
quoted on the tower, "Ye shall know the Iruth, and the Truth shall make
you free." This same Jesus said, "1 am the truth."
The testimony of a Christian from the University of Texas (Reprinted
by permission).
Address all correspondence to:
CHRISTIANS ON CAMPUS
2 174 Western Parkway
Vancouver, B.C.
V6T 1V6
Phone 228-1543 or 224-5277
Officers:
Dean Camfferman
Dave Sisson
GRADUATE STUDENT ASSOCIATION
EXECUTIVE ELECTIONS
Nominations open Feb. 7th
for the following positions:
President Internal Affairs
Treasurer External Affairs
Secretary Assembly Co-ordinator
Social Co-ordinator SRA Reps (3)
Nominations close Feb. 17th and elec
tions, (if required) will be held Feb.
28th. Nomination forms available from
Grad Centre Office.
AMS JOB OPPORTUNITY
EDITOR INSIGHT 78
DUTIES: To produce the editorial content
of the student handbook.
PERIOD: Contract basis for approximately
' 8 weeks.
COMMENCING: February 20, 1978.
QUALIFICATIONS: 1) Must be familiar with A.M.S.
Structure
2) Knowledge of campus activities
3) Ability to write and
communicate effectively
APPLICATIONS AVAILABLE
S.U.B. 266 - 246
DEADLINE
February 10, 4:00 p.m. - S.U.B. 266
INTERVIEWS
To Be Arranged
THINKING OF TEACHING?
The University of Victoria is offering a Secondary Internship
Teacher Education Programme in 1978-79.
ELIGIBILITY
Candidates must have an acceptable undergraduate degree from a
recognized University, have the necessary subject preparation in two
approved teaching areas for secondary schools, be prepared to work
in Alberni, Nanaimo, Courtenay or Campbell River Districts, and
show evidence of commitment and skill in working with young
people. Applications are encouraged from individuals with life
experiences in addition to their formal education.
PROGRAMME
Academically admissible candidates will be interviewed by
University and participating School District Personnel in early May.
Selected candidates will then attend a week's orientation in their
school district in late May, attend UVic for July and August course
work, train in their school district from September 1978 to April,
1979, and complete their academic work on UVic campus during
May/June, 1979. Successful candidates are then recommended for a
Teaching Certificate.
FINANCIAL AID
Interns will be eligible for existing student aid as administered by
the University's Financial Aid Office. Some financial assistance in
the summer months is anticipated. In addition school districts will
provide a stipend to Interns during their 8-month residency.
TO APPLY
For detailed information and application forms. Phone 477-6911
ext. 6636 or write immediately to:
The Co-ordinator,
Secondary Internship Programme,
Faculty of Education,
University of Victoria,
P.O. Box 1700,
Victoria, B.C.
V8W 2Y2
APPLICATIONS POST-MARKED AFTER MIDNIGHT MARCH 31,
1978 WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED.
UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA    I p
ia'cy, February 3, 1978
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 7 vista
i;'< >&.%■
a
By NICHOLAS READ
The Vancouver East Cultural
Centre, 1895 Venables, will be
presenting a Festival of Experimental Dance beginning on
Feb. 7 and concluding the following
evening. Tuesday evening will
feature Contact Improvisation, a
dance based on the union of two
people through a point of constant
physical contact. Originated by
Steve Paxton, a former dancer
with Merce Cunninghem, Contact
Improvisation will showcase the
talents of Michael Lineham, Helen
Clarke, Andrew Harwood, Peter
Ryan, Nancy Stark Smith and Mr.
Paxton himself.
Wednesday's performance will
feature a selection of recent works
by four local choreographers:
Judith Marcuse, Savannah
Walling, Karen Rimmer and
Peggy Florin. Both performances
commence at 8:30 p.m. and tickets
are available at the door.
Cultural Funk is presenting
Alexis in her farewell concert to
Vancouver this weekend at the
Vancouver East Cultural Centre.
Her programme will include a
wide range of material from
contemporary to classical compositions. Alexis will receive
musical support from Harris Van
Berkel on guitar, Mike Kalanj on
keyboards, Doug Lui on fender and
synthesizer, Doug Edwards on
bass, Geoff Eyre on percussion and
from vocalist Jane Mortifee.
Curtain time is 8:30 p.m. on both
Feb. 4 and 5.
The Burnaby Arts Council is
presenting Montreal pianist Henri
Brassard for one performance only
on Sunday Feb. 5 at the James
Cowan Theatre in Burnaby's
Century Park, Canada Way at
Gilpin. Brassard's programme will
include works by Mozart,
Debussey and Schubert. Concert
time is 8 p.m. and tickets are
available' from the Burnaby Arts
Council office or from the theatre
box office.
The Vancouver Planetarium will
present the fourth in a series-of
slide-lectures    entitled    From
History's Locker on Feb. 7 at 8
p.m. The series is being presented
by author-photographer Anthony
Carter, and is based on themes
from his Indian Heritage books
which explore the people and
places of Vancouver Island's west
coast.
This week's edition of the Burnaby Art Gallery's series of free
Sunday afternoon concerts will
feature the jazz sounds of Jeff
Ridley and his trio. The music
starts at 2:30 p.m. in the gallery,
6344 Gilpin, and admission is of
course, free.
It appears that the engineers are
not the only thieves on campus.
This time the itchy fingers belong
to our illustrious administration. It
seems that drawings which
originally appeared on brochures
advertising the upcoming performance of Henri Brassard have
mysteriously turned up in the UBC
Centre for Continuing Education
Calendar. The designs were done
by graphic artist Gordon Pritchard
and were of course, copyrighted.
But the perpetrators of the crime
will not go unpunished as David
Huiston, Co-ordinator of the
Burnaby Arts Council, is
threatening to challenge UBC
president Doug Kenney to pistols
at dawn or toasted muffins at four
o'clock.
Mixing it down
From PF 5
The recording of the basic track
constitutes the first phase in the
recording process. Only four or
five instruments are recorded on
the basic track and these usually
include the drums, bass guitar and
guitar. About six or seven basic
tracks are done and from these the
best one is chosen. The recording
of a basic track takes anywhere
from an hour to two days.
After the basic track and'
possibly some of the vocals have
been recorded, the next step is the
overdubbing of the instruments
which complement the basic track.
Additional rhythm may be added at
this point, as well as horns and
strings.
The final and most extraneous
phase in the recording process is
what is called 'sweetening' which
is merely the application of the
finishing touches.
After the sweetening, the
recording process itself has been
finished. However, the sounds
which have been recorded onto the
16 or 24-track machines must then
be 'mixed down' to two tracks.^his
is the most critical and difficult
part of production.
The resulting 2-track tape from
this mixing process is then ready
for the cutting of the master disc
from which thousands of stereo
record albums may be reproduced.
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212 Carrall St., Gastown
681-2814
Page Friday, 8
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1978 \film
Prison film offers nothing new
By GRAEME FOSTER
Short Eyes is jail jargon for a
child molester; low man in the
pecking order and target for
anyone's violence in the tight
prison world. Short Eyes is also the
apt title of this film about the
claustrophobia of cell life and the
blind, instant justice that inmates
deal out amongst themselves.
It is a direct adaption of the play
by Miguel Pinero, a hugely successful Broadway production,
acclaimed by the critics and now
opening at the Odeon York Theatre
in Toronto.
Robert M. Young has directed
the film version with a vengeance
in a series of close-ups and confrontations with very little
breathing space in between. Shot in
New York's former Manhattan
House of Detention, known as The
Tombs, there is no room for
sweeping pans and very little field
to have any depth in. What Short
Eyes necessarily lacks in
cinematography it makes up for in
forceful dialogue and very concrete characters that are always
present at point-blank range.
Bruce Davidson is a perfect
Short Eyes, Clark, the wimpish
child molester they all love to hate.
Jose Perez plays a solid, attentive
Juan; quiet, uncompromising and
the only Devil's Advocate Clark
can find in the hell he has ended up
in.
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The density of the visuals is
matched by a sound track that
never lets up. Jungle noises
prevade and there are no silent
scenes of the midnight cell block
broken only by the guard's clicking
heels. The zoo doesn't stop and
even during a very heavy verbal
confrontation some clown off in the
distance is yelling, 'Man, that's
fuckin heay-y'.
Curtis Mayfield and Freddy
Fender make brief appearances
and add their individual brands of
jailhouse blues to the action. The
pudgy Fender  seems  misplaced
beside his lean and hungry cell
mates but his plaintive music fits
in well with the beating of tin cans
and hand-clapping. Halfway
through the film Mayfield disappears into solitary confinement
and Fender disappears completely, probably bailed out of the
script.
For all its fine content and
characters, Short Eyes makes no
new statements or revelations;
'Prisons are a reflection of
society', 'Let he among you who is
without sin', etc. This heavy
vehicle makes the same comments
it
A POWERHOUSE."
-William Wolf, Cue
/ ,	
'A picture off hellfire and
brimstone."
-Archer Winsten,
NY Posl
stomng Bruce Davison and Jose Perez
L>ife*-!ea cy l?obert M Young
,, Cinema Tocijv tr.c. Rc'e^se
Bcsud on the N--   vork Awor, Hay by Miguel Pinero
some violence. B.C. Dir.
Warning: Coarse language throughout,
Show Times: 12:20 2:15 4:15 6:10 8:05 10:00
Sunday 2:15 4:15 6:10 8:05 10:00
ocIeon
881  GRANVILLE
682-7468
February 3rd - 9th
THE WONDERFUL WORLD
OF ADVERTISING
1977 winners of The Cannes Film Festival's
International Advertising Competition. An all-new
program. The finest commercials for cinema and TV
produced on film around the world. This kaleidoscopic
display of 1977's prize-winning commercials is an
excellent program for professionals and students, or for
the pure enjoyment of seeing advertising that is much
more than a simple break between TV shows.
7:30-9:15
bROAdwAy 2
70 7 W. BROADWAY |
874-1927
si.,,,.,, CRAIG RUSSELL* HOLLIS McLAREN
Warning: Occasional suggestive SHOWS AT:
scenes & dialogue. B.C. Oir.|,l,F:VU;'n7:15. 9:15
^
bROAdwAY 11
70 7   W. BROADWAY]
874-1927
— J. A. Martin •— '
photographer
A film by Jean Beaudin
.ith Monique Mercure and Marcel Sabourin
Prixluccd by the Nation;)! Film Board.
RtlciseJ bv Nov. Cinema
SHOWTIMES: 7:30, 9:30
ENGLISH SUB-TITLES
duoibAR
DUNBAR  at 30th
224-7252
rj, TWENTIETH CENTUWFOX presents A HERBERT ROSS FILM
J  ip      ANNE BANCROFT    SHIRLEY MacWINE
II1  Tlltlff      IN STEREOPHONIC SOUND
"T^rHtlf^       SHOWTIMES:
J-^Ullll 7:15,9:30
DARK
as plays like Marat/Sade and The
Urig; but they have already been
well-stated and come across here
only as harsh platitudes.
Ten years ago this film would
have bowled over any audience
and might even have served as a
catalyst for change within the
system it describes. As an image of
prison it is very valid and hard-
edged but in this medium it gives
the audience nothing more than a
slice of the action. It is known that
prisons are rife with violence,
homosexuality and dope, that
pecking orders exist with their in-
groups and outcasts and that the
hard core of inmates is made up of
racial minorities. The reiteration
of these hard truths reveals
nothing and only emphasizes that
the locking away of individuals is
the state's sole deterrant for its
social misfits.
In the end Short Eyes is a
keyhole view of the inside and only
brings to mind David Fry's impersonation of a cigarette
wielding Truman Capote on
Johnny Carson declaring, T was in
pwison last week. It was tewibble,
weally tewibble'.
Warning:    Occasional    From the outrageous No.1 Best-Seller
sex,    coarse   language
tnrougnout—B.C. Dir. IDKIHAK
IV
'!»
CORONET 1
851   GRANVILLE
685-6828
Show Times: Coronet     IWMM
12:20, 2:40, 4:45,
7:05, 9:25
Sunday: 2:40, 4:45,
7:05, 9:25
THE
CHOIRBOYS
i.™, MARK HAMIIL HARRISON FORD CARRJC FBHCR
PCTERCU5HING
and
Al£CGUNNOS
SHOW TIMES:
12:25, 2:45, 5:05,
7:30, 9:45
851  GRANVILLE Sunday: 2:45, 5:05,
685-6828 7:30, 9:45
CORONET 2
£mst
mm
CLOSE ENCOUNTERS'
MO VIES EVER MADE.
PNCOUNTER5
liiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
'&&«!$!'■ :*™? ? £ '!^#^ *£ v:
IN FULL STEREOPHONIC SOUND
Show Times: Vogue 12:00, 2:20, 4:35, 7:10, 9:45
Sunday 2:20, 4:35, 7:10, 9:45
voquE
918  GRANVILLE
685-5434
"ONE OF THE YEAR'S 10 BEST"
| Gene Shalit, NBC-TV, Vincent Canby N.Y. Times, National Board of Review |
Molly Haskell New York Magazine
"A man women cannot resist in
a film that I find irresistible."
-<«:nc Shalit, MM -IV
V^Jflfe
From Cinema 5
FRENCH DIALOGUE - ENGLISH SUB-TITLES
VARSITy
224-3730
4375   W.  10th
Shows At
7:30 - 9:35
CAMBIE at 18th
876-2747
Friday, February 3, 1978
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 9 inventory
TEAC
rrmxn ••• cCCC
A-100
The top rated front load Dolby cassette
deck has specifications to rival much
more expensive models. Everything
you expect from TEAC at an A&B
SOUND price.
olyivaca
A40 XL SPEAKER
This top rated 10" 2-way
speaker system is priced to
move. Finished in walnut enclosures they deliver sound
quality generally costing
much more.
249
99
95
izaiyjisns)
This complete stereo system is one of the best we've
ever put together. The Cr-420 AM/FM stereo receiver
has 25 + 25 watts RMS at less than 0.05% total distortion. That's very clean. The YP-211 belt drive semiautomatic turntable includes hinged cover and top
rated magnetic cartridge. Match these with the NS-220
rock monitor 6" 2-way speaker systems and the sound
is exceptional. Top quality and top value, you get both
from YAMAHA AUDIO and A & B SOUND.
COMPLETE SYSTEM
599
95
2215 B
An excellent AM/FM stereo receiver with 15 + 15 watts RMS with superb specs at an unbelievable
price.
5220
This front load Dolby cassette deck
is the perfect match for every Marantz receiver. Ferritte heads and
wide response. Big discount.
299
95
HOME VIDEO
TAPERECORDER
You've heard so much about home T.V. recording
but were waiting till the price came down. Well it
did. Last advertised for $1295. Tape shows your
watching or on another channel. Even tape when
your not home. Easy operation. Simplified design.
Quasar makes television special again.
TWO HOUR FORMAT
SONY.
New Trinitron Plus Color System (one gun/one lens) 100%
solid state Econoquick power
saving system, 114" wide-angle
deflection picture tube in a slim
profile cabinet. Advanced VHF
tuner with MOSFET and IC. No
set-up adjustment.
KV 1920D
669
95
999
LIMITED
QUANITITES
The XL-100 color portable from RCA gives
you excellent quality at
an affordable price.
37995
the home
high-fidelity
sound
556 Seymour St,\foncouver. ^
Page Friday, 10
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, February 3, 1 978

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