UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Dec 2, 1977

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UBC profs blast term paper company
University officials and faculty
are outraged that a Seattle-based
company selling pre-packaged
essays on almost any topic is
advertising at UBC.
The company, Pacific
Research, puts out a 224-page
catalogue of pre-written essays,
priced at $3 a page complete with
footnotes and a full bibliography,
on nearly any field of study.
They also offer a "custom
research" service, in which one
of their staff writers will prepare
an essay, priced between $6.50
and $8 a page, on any topic
specified by the customer.
"I frankly think it's scandalous. It has nothing to do with a
university," faculty and student
affairs vice-president Erich Vogt
said Wednesday.
"Work prepared by other
people is not acceptable. All
aspects of it are outrageous.
"The vast majority of students
here aren't out here to pick up
letters, they're here to learn
Vogt said students who use
essay-writing services are
deceiving themselves that they
are benefiting from using work
prepared by other people.
"A great deal of self-deception
is involved here. I think students
should understand that using
other people's work is foolish and
dangerous," he said.
But Michael Gross, director of
operations at Pacific Research,
claims the company only assists
students who have trouble
writing and researching essays
and discourages students from
handing in the company's essays
as their own.
"We don't want people to send
in (for an essay) and then hand in
a paper. We discourage that," he
said in a telephone interview
"We get criticized for selling
term papers, but we don't. We're
really offering assistance to
people. Mostly it's for people who
are having a real lot of trouble
writing papers."
Pacific Research advertisements at UBC say "Got
the term paper blues?"
But   Gross   admitted   that
Pacific Research realizes some
students do submit as their own
work essays they have purchased.
"Someone could do that," he
Gross said Pacific Research
gets about one or two orders from
UBC each week.
"I know we're doing fairly well
in that area of the country
(B.C.)," he said.
UBC professors are upset that
students have created a market
for the research paper companies.
"The emergence of those
things is a kind of telling commentary on the meaning of a
university   education,   where
getting a good grade and getting
out is more important than a good
education," associate education
professor Charles Ungerleider
said Thursday.
"Obviously any student who
used this kind of material under
the pretence that these were
research aides, which is a very
transparent pretension, would be
guilty of plagiarism," assistant
history professor Christopher
Friedrichs said Thursday.
"It is completely inexcusable
and rank plagiarism.
"It's very hard for me to
believe that in a well-run course
that a student could get away
with this.
See page 26: COMPANY
Vol. LX, No. 33
SRA helps in
tuition fight
second floor of SUB, hoping new
consciousness,  fluid   style,  yellow
out last ish in new quarters on
location will encourage stream of
journalism and  other traditional
—Chris bannister photo
attributes of rag. Flushing away frustrations and strains of past term,
hacks enjoy burst of glory before going down drain in Christmas
'Why bug us ?' professors ask RCMP
A Canadian faculty association
has sent letters to university administrations throughout the
country asking them to reveal any
knowledge they might have of
subversive activities by the RCMP.
In statement released Nov. 25,
the Canadian Association of
University Teachers says it is
opposed to "general, continuous or
permanent surveillance of faculty
and students on university campuses. . . and to the use of undercover informers on the campus."
"The CAUT will be asking the
administrations of universities to
reveal the precise degree of their
co-operation with the RCMP in
allowing general surveillance and
electronic eavesdropping and
whether such activity ceased in
1974 when it was made specifically
illegal by federal legislation."
The statement says recent news
stories about electronic bugging
and surveillance of professors at
the University of Toronto and the
University of Ottawa have led to
concern about what constitutes
reasonable grounds for such activities.
As a result it is also seeking
information from the federal
government about what warrants
the activities.
"The association. . . will be
seeking clarification. .. concerning
the role of the RCMP and the armed forces security division on
university campuses.
The demand is being made
through the association's
academic freedom and tenure
committee, chaired by UBC
pharmacology professor James
Foulks said Thursday the
Committee has been concerned
about the issue for longer than the
statement implies.
"When academics had enquiries
about them questions arose in our
(committee members') minds
about what the standards are for
investigation," Foulks said.
"We have not been very successful in getting the government
to tell us what the standards are.
"It's a secret and it's bothersome."
Foulks said the standards the
association wants clarified include
information on what constitutes
subversive behavior and at what
point does this subversive behavior
become a threat to national
Another question the committee
wants answered is who interprets
answers to questions asked people
by the RCMP and how the answers
are interpreted to determine what
is a risk to security.
The association has sought
assurances at various times from
the government on this issue at
least since the early 1960s. ^
"The CAUT in 1963 and 1964
reached an understanding with the
government headed by Lester
Pearson to the effect that the
CAUT acknowledged the right of
the RCMP to conduct criminal
See page 3: CAUT
The student representative
assembly voted Wednesday to
financially support Simon Fraser
University students' court injunction against tuition fee increases.
The Alma Mater Society will pay
one-third or $1,000, whichever is
the lesser, toward the costs of the
court trial sponsored by the SFU
Student Society.
The society filed an injunction
with the B.C. supreme court Nov.
16 demanding the university stop
collecting tuition fees above last
year's levels and return fee increases already collected.
The SFU board of governors
approved a 25 percent fee increase
in April, raising fees to $283 per
semester from $227 per semester
for a full course load.
The UBC board also raised
tuition fees by a similar amount.
SFU student senator Ross Powell
told the SRA meeting the purpose
of the injunction is "to bring to the
public's attention the fact that
universities do not have a free
hand in setting their budgets."
In a prepared statement, the
SFU society said Nov. 16 that the
fee increases are in contravention
of the Universities Act which
charges the board of governors
with fixing and determining tuition
But the society says the
government, not the board, made
the decision last spring to raise
tuition fees.
The society's statement says the
board has no choice in raising
tuition fees because the Universities Council of B.C. made its
recommendation to the government based on a standard tuition
fee to apply to all universities.
The injunction hearing has been
delayed until Dec. 15. It was
originally scheduled for Nov. 29.
There was little discussion of the
motion during the SRA meeting
and it passed narrowly, 12 votes to
In other business the SRA voted
to build a $5,000 coffee house in the
SUB conversation pit. The project
will be financed from the SUB
development fund.
See page 3' AMS
Hacks call it thirty
Well, that's it. It's over. Finished, Kaput. The end. Thirty. The Ubyssey
staff, after three months of tireless labor, has decided to pack it in for the
year and crack the proverbial books.
But before we split we put out this fab end-of-term issue for your
reading pleasure. With the festive season in mind, The Ubyssey presents
its traditional Christmas gift list on page 4. On pages 5,8 and 9 are reams
of letters telling us what you think of us and various issues.
Page Friday starts on page 11, with a Christmas short story on PF 3 and
a piece on the romantic poets on PF 5. Finally, on page 27, there is a
feature on the battle between a working women's union and the powerful
Canadian Labor Congress.
And, oh ves, Merrv Christmas. Page 2
Friday, December 2, 1977
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Page 3
Joe Clark gets pie-eyed at UBC
Conservative leader Joe Clark
looked a little pie-eyed Tuesday
after speaking to 1,000 students in
the SUB ballroom.
Clark was leaving SUB when he
was hit by a coconut cream pie,
thrown by a member of the New
Questioning Coyote Brigade.
The assailant, Brent Taylor, was
able to get within two feet of Clark
and throw the pie in spite of undercover RCMP officers protecting
the federal opposition leader;
Clark is the fourth politician in
the past month to be "pied" in
Vancouver. Provincial human
resources minister Bill Vander
Zalm, and federal ministers Marc
Lalonde and Ron Basford were
also "hit."
These incidents have so far been
limited to Vancouver.
The previous "pieings" were
committed by the Groucho Marxist
cell of the Anarchist Party of
Taylor was arrested shortly
after pieing Clark but was released
later when Clark would not lay
During his speech Clark made
several references to the
possibility of being pied.
"If I'm lucky I will get out of
here without somebody throwing a
pie at me."
The assailant had asked a
question earlier during Clark's
speech and made references to the
number of police in the audience.
Clark replied that he did not
know how many officers were
present, but that they were not
there to protect him from pie-
Clark stressed the importance of
economic recovery and the importance of maintaining the
capitalist system.
"The capitalist is the system
which could function most effectively in Canada," he told the
mainly sympathetic audience.
Clark said the government
priority should be to encourage
investment in the economy both
from domestic and foreign sources.
He said the devaluation of the
Canadian dollar occurred because
of "a lack of faith in the government and the direction the country
is heading in."
Clark said student summer
unemployment will not get better
until the economy is improved.
"We will not be able to find jobs
for students until we can get the
economy moving again," he said.
"Students are the last to be hired
and the first to be fired.
"Therefore as part of an
emergency program I would encourage tax incentives and other
programs to encourage student
But he said the only long-range
solution is full economic recovery.
Clark also said constitutional
changes will have to be made in the
next five years, and a number
must be made immediately.
Equalization payments should be
guaranteed in the constitution, he
Major federal commissions such
as the Canadian Transport
Commission should be partially
appointed- by the provincial
governments, Clark said.
And 50 per cent of the senate
should be provincial appointees.
"Senators should owe their first
allegiance to their region and not to
their party," he said.
"These changes would indicate
to British Columbians and
Quebecers that the system can
change and that we will change."
Clark said there are also some
changes which should be made in
the unemployment insurance
"What I would want to do would
be to change certain aspects of its
university," he said.
Regions of the country, such as
Alberta, which have low unemployment should operate on different guidelines than depressed
areas, he said.
He said there are many people in
his constituency, which includes
Banff, who use UIC to finance their
"We call them the UIC ski
team," he said.
C'tee 'confused'
in BoG protest
A misunderstanding has marred
preparations for an anti-cutbacks
rally Dec. 6 at UBC.
The rally, which will take place
outside the old administration
building at 2:30 p.m., was supposed
to coincide with a meeting between
the UBC board of governors and
Universities Council of B.C.
representatives. But no council
representatives will be attending
the regularly scheduled board
meeting, although posters
publicizing the rally say they will.
The council, which is made up of
provincial government appointees,
makes recommendations to the
government on how much money
should be allocated to B.C.'s three
The rally, sponsored by the Alma
Mater Society's cutbacks committee, is intended to draw board
members' attention to the adverse
effects cutbacks in university
funding will have on the quality of
Paul Sandhu, committee
member and AMS external affairs
officer, said Thursday there is
confusion about what is going to
take place at the board meeting.
"There have been some indications that members of the
board may have some information
from the UCBC," Sandhu said.
"The committee was discussing
the picket with Moe Sihota and we
got the impression that the UCBC
would be at the board of governors
meeting," committee member
Lome Rogers said.
"We jumped to conclusions and
by the time the posters were
printed it was too late. It isn't some
kind of tactical device (for getting
more students to turn out)," he
Rogers said he does not know
how the mistake will be rectified.
And it is unlikely the council will
even send a budget recommendation to the board. The
council has already met with the
board this term.
Administration president Doug
Kenny promised in a speech to
students Nov. 24, to attend the
—chris bannister photo
PINBALL WIZARDS do Elton John imitation at games room in SUB basement Thursday, hoping escapist
pursuit will sooth ragged nerves amid worries of upcoming exams. Building rocks to dings and clicks every
noon when hordes descend to room to salve coddled brains. Who says students don't care about anything
Bartenders' union 'hurt negotiations'
The bartenders' union sent a
letter to the Bimini neighborhood
pub owner claiming the
negotiating union was willing to
sell out the pub workers, a Bimini
employee said Thursday.
Service, Office and Retail
Workers' Union of Canada
(SORWUC) organizer Margot
Holmes claims local 40 of the
Hotel, Restaurant and Culinary
Employees and Bartenders' Union
CAUT asks admins
for spy information
was attempting to undermine
SORWUC's bargaining position
during the recent interunion battle.
"Owner Peter Uram received a
letter from the "batenders' union
saying that SORWUC was willing
to sign a poor contract in order to
ensure that SORWUC retained the
right to represent the Bimini
employees," Holmes said.
"This hurt our bargaining
position very much."
Local 40's action brought about
an immediate and angry response
from members of B.C.'s trade
After meeting with officers of the
B.C. Federation of labor Tuesday,
local 40 decided to withdraw its
controversal application for union
From page 1
investigations of any individual on
or off  the  campus  accused  or
suspected of a specific crime," the
statement says.
But, Foulks said, it appears
those assurances made by the
Pearson government are "no
longer being honored."
He said one indication of this
lapse was a case in which a
professor participated in a
demonstration and, as a result,
was the subject of an RCMP investigation.
Asked if individuals at UBC such
as law library head Al Soroka who
take part in demonstrations might
be subject to such investigations
Foulks said he did not know.
"Your surmise is as good as,
maybe better than mine," he said.
Soroka was pressured by the
administration   in   early   spring
because he participated in a
Marxist-Leninist demonstration
against South African politican
Harry Schwartz when Schwartz
spoke at UBC last fall.
"Whether being that (Marxist-
Leninist) or expressing such a
philosophy makes one fair game
for electronic bugging I don't
know," Foulks said.
It is precisely for reasons such as
this the association wants things
"We don't know why it's confidential," he said.
"I can understand why one would
not divulge criminal investigations
before they are complete, but to
give criteria for what constitutes
national security risks and sub-
versiveness is different.
"Everyone is quick to condemn
subversiveness, but nobody is
ready to say what it is."
certification   at   the   strikebound
Federation secretary-treasurer
Len Guy said in a press release
local 40 "has agreed to remove all
obstacles created in their attempt
to organize in what is their historic
and established jurisdiction over
Guy said the federation is
pleased SORWUC can now get on
with the business of fighting an
anti-union employer to obtain a
fair settlement for employees of
the Kitsilano pub.
"A union which has enjoyed
historic jurisdiction over bartending will continue to fight to
maintain that jurisdiction should
further inroads be attempted in the
future," Guy warned.
SORWUC is a small and independent union dedicated to the
unionization of workers in
traditionally unorganized fields.
The B.C. Labor Relations Board
originally granted certification to
the Bimini workers in January.
Holmes says the support SORWUC received from the labor
movement surprised local 40 and
left it in an embarrassing position.
Another SORWUC spokeswoman
considers local 40's application for
certification a betrayal of the
principles of trade unionism.
"What they (local 40) did was the
worst thing any union could do,"
said organizer Heather MacNeill.
AMS supports fee injunction
From page 1
There is currently $300,000 in the fund which can be
used only for building projects.
$10,000 was added to the fund last year from Pit
AMS finance director Shannon-Dale Hart said the
coffee-house will likely make money for the society
because it will have lower overhead costs than
similar coffee houses downtown.
Hart said the coffee house will not have to pay rent
to the AMS, which will significantly lower operating
The SRA also passed a motion expressing support
for the Service, Office and Retail Workers Union of
Canada in its strike of Bimini neighborhood pub.
The SRA also discussed the controversial question of
what brewery will sell draft beer in the Pit. The
assembly voted against a motion suggesting the SRA
overturn a motion bv the students administrative
commission to continue to sell Molson's draft in the
Arts undergraduate society president Fran Watters
said the Pit should sell draft beer on a rotating basis,
changing companies every year, so that all the local
breweries have a chance.
Watters said that a rotation system would end a
great deal of the lobbying by beer companies on
In the past three months, beer companies have
been holding promotional stunts at UBC and giving
away beer to students in the Pit.
"When you have one firm downstairs and everyone
else is trying to break into that market, you have a lot
of lobbying going on," said AMS external affairs
officer Paul Sandhu.
"The only criteria is the taste of the stuff,"
graduate studies . representative Don Meakins said. Page 4
Friday, December 2, 1977
Better watch out
Better not cary...
Today The Ubyssey signs off after another term of great
reading, and staffers will now begin the long trek to
Buchanan Tower to beg for an extra week to do their essays.
Another year-end tradition is our annual Christmas gift list
for those many people out there who are most deserving.
For administration president Doug Kenny, a library of
books on assertiveness.
For provincial secretary Grace McCarthy, a year's supply
of Poli-Grip.
Education minister Pat McGeer should have his UBC
office moved to the war huts.
To Idi Amin, the blankest of the blank generation, two
tickets to a punk rock concert. This is also our gift to the
Margaret Trudeau, dilettante extraordinaire, a Rolling
Stones Black and Blue poster and a year's supply of
appearances on What's My Line?
To solicitor-general Francis Fox, a copy of Six Crises by
Richard Nixon.
To the RCMP, some paper and ribbon so that they can
wrap themselves up and sit under the CIA's Christmas tree.
To alderwoman Bernice Gerard, a year's subscription to
the new born-again pornographic fundamentalist magazine,
To the Vancouver Sun and Province, a membership in
UNS (Ubyssey News Service) so they can get the news almost
Bill Vander Zalm needs a book of Tulip (-bulb) cookery
written for distribution to welfare recipients.
For provincial court judge Les Bewley, a new foot to stick
in his mouth.
To U.S. President Jimmy Carter, confidence in the system.
For the people of Canada and the U.S., a reason to have
confidence in those poor, jittery corporate execs. That's a
hard one.
To Mayor Jack Volrich, a friend.
For Moe Sihota, a biography of Andrew Young and a case
of laryngitis.
To Beatle fans, Strawberry fields forever.
And to UBC students, a happy, peaceful Christmas and
another fine year of the best rag west of Blanca, The
DECEMBER 2, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AP.1S
or the university administration. IVember, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
A fairly long time ago In a Ubyssey quite far away. . .
The fleeing spaceship was no match for the Imperial cruiser, which caught
It In the orbit of the planet Latroulne and sucked It Into Its belly. "Oh my
goodness, whatever can the Princess want us for at this time? What a
bother!" said the tall, golden, Greek robot Gee Threeplo to Its companion, a
smallish, stubbylsh, leftwlnglsh Mike Bocking android, who tweeted and
burbled In response as another explosion rocked their ship. They rounded a
corner and entered the Princess Heather Conn's quarters just as the wall
behind them melted and spewed forth Imperial troopers.
The Princess, ambassador for the distant world of Taaranta and rumored
to be a raving federalist, had just enough time to stuff long, narrow, thin
packages Into Bocklng's burbling, tweeting aperture, and to send the two
drolds from the room before an Imposing black-robed man In cowboy boots
rolled Into the room.
"I am Dartti Gainor, Dark Lord of Sloth, breathe, breathe, breathe," he
announced. "I know you've got 'em, hand 'em over, breathe, breathe,
"What are you talking about, oh Girth Vader?" she asked, not quite as
Innocently as she could have a few weeks earlier.
"Don't play Ignorant with me," breathe, breathe, breathe," he said. "I
can beat you every time, breathe, breathe, breathe. You're coming with us to
the Imperial cruiser where we'll blackmail you Into telling us, heavy breathe,
breathe, breathing. In the meantime," he said, turning to a cohort, "make
sure nothing leaves this ship alive," breathe, breathe, breathe."
The Taarantan ship burped once, farted twice and passed a small brown
lump. "Any sign of life?" a technician scanning a screen aboard the Imperial
cruiser which showed a smelly blip descending toward the surface of
Latroulne. "Negatory," returned a technician at another screen. "It's Gee
Threeplo and Mike Bocking."
*   *   *
". . . AM-FM digital air conditioner. Or how about this Richard Schrelner.
The circus Is standard equipment, and so are the biannual conventions. Note
the little fez. . ."
"Actually, we were looking for something a little more practical. Got a
better Idea?" said the youthful Tom Hawthorn.
"Hm. Well — how about this model over here then," suggested Honest Bill
Tieleman of Bill's Dutch Treat Pre-Owned Androids. "Walks, talks, wets,
talks and speaks." He flicked a switch.
"—Ited since I left Germany. This reminds me of the time I went to the
PNE. They have tons of candy floss there. That stuff Is disgusting. I had
some once, but It made me sick. I never touch the stuff now. Heather Walker
once did, and look what happened to her. You didn't hear what happened to
her? Well, I promised that I'd never tell that gossip to anyone. Anyway, she
had this operation — nothing like mine, really — and after that — "suddenly
he exploded.
"Dammit. Overloaded again. Well, that Mike Bocking over there Is a
similar model. And I'll throw In that Geethreeplo. Makes great salad."
"Hey," said Ralph Maurer. "I thought I was going to get more than just a
talk-on part."
"You've come late once too often," said Carl Vesterback who, as one of
the two oldest staffers, gets the part of the hero's uncle. "You're grounded."
"You should be ashamed of yourself," said Tom Hawthorn's aunt, Vlckl
Booth. '^Why, your uncle Carl never comes late. In fact —"
"Ahem," Carl Interrupted. "Go to your room and clean the 'drolds."
torn sighed as he cleaned around Mike Bocklng's ears. His hand came In
contact with a switch he had never used before and Bocking emitted a quiet
whir and a beam of light. Suddenly, In an empty space In front of the 'drold.
See page 25 .
I take it this is your first kid. ..
1978: It's up to you
The year coming to an
end hasn't been all that good
for students, and 1978
doesn't look all that promising.
We are paying 25 per cent
more for the privilege of attending this university. Unfortunately, high tuition fees
make going to university a
privilege, instead of the right
it should be.
But the Social Credit government has shown that it
cares nothing for breaking
down economic barriers, except for the imagined ones
standing in the way of big
The Socreds have forced
tuition up while adroitly hiding behind the Universities
Council, and UBC is bracing
itself for year three of Socred
tight-money policies.
Administration president
Doug Kenny said recently
that another tuition hike this
year is unlikely. But it is
becoming increasingly clear
that the increase in university
grants won't meet inflation.
In other words, we'll be
getting less next year even if
we escape paying more. After
making quite clear their feelings on the tuition increases
last year and voicing relative
silence ever since, the student
fight against the Socred cutbacks resumes Tuesday.
The Alma Mater Society
cutbacks committee is organizing a picket at the next
board of governors meeting.
The picketers will demand
that the board take a
stronger stand against the
government policy this coming year than they did last
spring. The larger the turnout, the more effective this
protest will be. That means
you should be there.
The issue transcends political viewpoints. Students are
spending a great deal of time
making sure they get the best
possible marks so they can
get a good job.
But our degrees will be
devalued by the time we get
them if UBC is hurt by further cutbacks. Think about
it. Kenny is visibly alarmed
about the cutbacks. Students
should be too.
The signals are growing
stronger that education minister Pat McGeer and his
handyman Walter Hardwick
will finally take care of one
of their strongest paranoias —
student representation in university governing bodies.
Hardwick has already said
that the Universities Act may
be changed soon to reduce
and maybe eliminate student
representation. We should be
prepared to fight any antidemocratic move initiated by
McGeer. Let's say a research
project on getting on a brain
researcher's nerves.
Student representation
has benefited us and has indisputably benefited the uni
versity. We should spare no
effort to block any move to
remove this vital resource.
The opening shot of the
battle can be fired by students in January's rounds of
elections for student slots on
the board and senate. Nominations close later this
The best way to show we
are serious about being represented is to get out and vote
in large numbers. An important part of the process is
having as many good candidates as possible.
If you can contribute,
don't hesitate to run.
The academic year is almost half over but the important struggles — over cutbacks and representation —
are just beginning.
Join the picket on Tuesday and get involved in
UBC's political process. You
can help yourself as much as
you can by studying that
extra hour. Friday, December 2, 1977
Page 5
Why I'm
leaving UBC
I am a graduate in Philosophy. I am also a
single parent, supporting myself and my
child on my fellowship, and living in student
I have been handling my course work well
(until recently), and have established
credibility as a good student in my department. I had intended to spend the next three
years or so getting my Ph.D., and then I
hoped to get a teaching job in a college, so
that I could provide a good living for myself
and my child and continue to study matters
that are of interest to me.
Now I am quitting and I am terrified. I am
terrified because I am not confident that I
can work as a waitress or a store clerk for
any length of time and retain enough
emotional equilibrium to be a decent
But in the main my terror blossoms not
from a reasoned consideration of concrete
future problems, but rather out of a new
vision of a fiery and nighmarish world of
which I am a part — in which, indeed, I have
been one of the destructive monsters.
The mood of the 1970s reminds me of
what we are told about 18th century
England: enthusiasm — equated to wild
emotional raving — is not kindly received.
But what I want to communicate is not a
new intellectual construct, a carefully
developed theory concerning the ethical,
economic, and political state of disintegration in our society.
I don't know anyone who fails to agree
that humanity is in pretty poor shape these
days — it's really boring to discuss it.
Nobody who is anybody does discuss it — the
only excitable prophets of doom left around
now have been joined to the fabric of society
by being knit together into one annoying (or
amusing, if you are feeling tolerant) lunatic
fringe — the commies, the Jehovah Witnesses, the women's libbers, the starry-eyed
student politicos, the ban-the-bombers — all
those insistent handers out of grubby little
leaflets and newsletters.
Look, this is a true confession, personal
experience piece. I am writing it for the
salvation of my soul, and in the wild hope
that there might be a few other people out
there to whom I could spread my dis-ease.
I think we are all mesmerized. Somehow
we are able to know intellectually the most
appalling things about how we are running
the world, and yet not experience this
knowledge as having anything to do with our
own lives. It is as though we feel that the
news stories we hear on TV are fairy tales,
while the situation comedies are accurate
reflections of reality.
At university the process of hypnosis is a
function of the cult of objectivity. To be
objective is to consider 'facts' in isolation
from 'values' — apart from how we feel
about them. We are taught to sacrifice our
unruly passions at the altar of truth. Why?
We all know of the brutal and bloody
methods used to keep those who suffer
oppression in its most violent and obscene
forms from effective rebellion. In privileged
enclaves such as Canada, the majority of
the citizens can be prevented from revolting
simply by slanting the news, and by making
politics, economics, psychology and all
disciplines that deal with human values, into
esoteric mysteries comprehensible only by
their priesthoods — the experts and
But the intellectuals (that's us, sorry lot
that we are) are needed to keep the social
system functioning, and we can't perform
that function without knowledge. We are
kept from rebellion by the gutting of our
passions. We understand more than we want
to admit, but we are too sophisticated to do
anything about it.
It's too bad we are so sophisticated,
because we are the only group with an efficient set of weapons which could be turned
against the insane beast that our society has
become. Knowledge really is power. We
choose to serve the beast. Taking careful
measurements in our white lab coats, or
mediating in our comfortable book-lined
studies, we are its claws and fangs.
Does it sound as though I am propounding
a great conspiracy theory? I'm not meaning
to suggest that civilization is being
destroyed by some unknown group of evil
men who are systematically and
maliciously manipulating us all. I think that
there are very few genuine scoundrels.
Most of us are vicious only because we are
FOOD SERVICES EMPLOYEE ... much maligned
fools and cowards. To believe that our
present social ills are caused by evil rulers
— whether those we think of as rulers are
facist government or military leaders,
captains of industry, union heads, university
administrators, professors, or even student
politicos — is to look for scapegoats.
By imagining demons as the central
figures in this tragedy, we absolve ourselves
because we aren't evil — we are of goodwill,
although we may of course make mistakes.
But we have no power, we are not responsible, it's not our fault, there is nothing we
can do.
When we are finally called to judgment for
the blood through which we are wading
while keeping our eyes carefully averted,
fixed on a pure vision of truth, our stupidity
will not shield us from the consequences of
toe deeds we have done and left undone.
What am I suggesting that we do? I don't
know what you should do, and I am clearer
about what I can't do any more than about
what I should do. I can't spend my energy on
recondite philosophical issues any  more
Bank action won't be effective
Over the last month or so the Co-operative
Christian Campus Ministry and the . task
force on the churches and corporate
responsibility have been calling for a
boycott of the five major Canadian banks
because of their involvement in lending
money to the government of South Africa.
According to articles in recent issues of
The Ubyssey, support for this boycott now
includes the University of Manitoba Student
Union, the student union at the University of
Toronto, Alma Mater Society at the
University of British Columbia and the
National Union of Students.
The result of this campaign thus far has
been to help expose the viciously racist
nature of the South African regime and the
Canadian banks which profit from the oppression of blacks in that country. However,
while I agree whole heartedly with their aim
of helping to bring an end to the racist
system of apartheid, I must question the
effectiveness of the method that the church
groups have chosen to bring about this
The central question that must be asked
is, will a boycott of these banks cause them
to have a pang of conscience or responsibility and foreclose on their loans to the
South African government? The answer, in
my opinion, is no. Banks don't operate on the
basis of conscience or responsibility but
rather on the basis of what is going to bring
cold hard profit.
It might be argued that if enough student
unions, individual students and church
organizations withdrew their money from
the banks this would be a sufficient threat to
their profit margins to cause them to change
their investment policies.
However, it must be remembered that
most students, working people and even the
AMS are in a situation where they owe far
more money than they have on deposit.
Despite the fact that the AMS has yanked
about $200,000 from the Bank of Montreal, it
still owes some $350,000 to that bank in a
Most students are in debt to these same
banks in the form of student loans. Most
working people are also in debt to the banks
for their cars and homes.
Transferring monies to another bank
would not solve the problem. The only major
Canadian bank which does not invest in
South Africa is the Bank of Nova Scotia. It
puts its money into the brutal military
dictatorship in Chile. If one were to transfer
money to a credit union one would still be no
further ahead. One of the credit union's
FredNelson, arts 3, is a member of UBC's
Young Socialists. Perspectives is open to all
members of the university community.
Start thinking now about second term
opinion or analysis pieces for this column.
prime sources of profit comes from investing in the major Canadian banks.
While it is true that the banks utilize the
very paltry and temporary savings of
students and working people, these monies
are small in relation to the huge accounts of
corporations. The corporations not only
maintain liquid assets in the banks but they
also invest in them. Members of the boards
of directors of the largest Canadian corporations sit on the boards of the banks and
vice versa.
In fact, the banks are nothing less than the
richest most powerful corporations that
exist in this country. As of the end of 1971,
the 10 Canadian chartered and savings
banks had combined assets of $52.9 million
and had a combined net income of $191.84
These banks not only help to prop up the
See page 7: CHURCHES
while the world is burning around me. To be
honest, I would if I could.
But right now I get sick to my stomach
whenever I try to compare the consequence
relation with the relation of semantic entailment; and when I attempt to be caring
about the question of exactly how the concept of knowledge involves the concept of
belief, my skin breaks out in great red
blotches like burns.
I still believe knowledge is power. But
right now I must put all my energy into
finding out what the point of gaining power
is — I'd better not gain any more power until
I learn to use what I've got for good and not
for evil.
This essay has been pretty high-flown. I
want to conclude by taking two or three
rather random parting pot shots at small
specific things that I think are rotten about
this university — things that people who
read this newspaper could very well change
if they felt like doing so.
I think it's rotten that professors call
students by their first names without inviting the students to call them by their first
names. (This didn't use to be the case.
Fifteen years ago, when I was first around
campus, students were addressed as 'Mr.'
and 'Miss.' Isn't it strange how the informality has gone only one way?)
I think the Lady Godiva ride is rotten — a
bunch of leering, smirking boys ritually
degrading one woman, and through her, all
women, just because it's an old custom and
they haven't the intellectual responsibility
to think through the implications of their
action. This one particularly bothers me
because I admire the engineers; they form
one of the only groups on campus with the
guts to do things; who give the place some
drama, color and life.
Engineers, if you are included in the select
few who aren't dead from the neck down,
you have all the more responsibility to use
your heads as well.
I hate the way The Ubyssey and the
student government treat the workers in
SUB. There have been a number of snotty
articles about the quality of the food served
in the cafeteria, but never a feature about
the women and men who work there day
after boring day.
Last year The Ubyssey ran a piece on the
fine sandwiches made by 'a lady' in SUB,
but of course it was too much trouble to
discover and publish the name of this functionary. (The people who run the custom-
made sandwich counter are Claire Graham
and Etelka Fovenyi.)
Why can't the cooks and waitresses —
those competent, tired-looking, middle-aged
women — run the cafeteria themselves?
Why do we (us, our student government, not
some mythical capitalist pigs) hire a
manager to boss the operation?
If it was collectively run the job would at
least have some interest and dignity. The
women, of course, have dignity now, but
that is in spite of, not because of, the way
their jobs are set up, as far as I can see.
There are many other small, rotten things
going on that could easily be changed with
the power we already have. We better start
where we can. We can't play at innocence
forever. Our choice is between blood on our
heads or blood on our hands. Page 6
Friday, December 2, 1977
Tween classes
Application forms for next summer's exchange program, every day,
SUB Speakeasy and Bu. 4262.   >
Show you care,
come to demo
Do you care that the Socred
"government" (aka dictatorship)
has axed funding to universities?
Do you care that this budget
cutback has resulted in program
Do you care that there will be
similar cutbacks this year?
If you care, show it by coming
out to the AMS demonstration
against cutbacks outside the board
of governors meeting Tuesday at
2:30 p.m. outside the old administration building. You just might,
if enough of you show up, make
some of those governors think
about students, for a change.
Donna   Tyndal,   Leonard   Peletier's
adopted   sister,    speaks   about   his
fight for native rights, 8 p.m., 1208
General  meeting, noon, SUB 212A.
Oxfam craft fair and films, 6  p.m.
(films    at    7:30    p.m.),   School    of
.   Social Work.
Film   and   general   meeting,   noon,
Scarfe 210.
Discussion   about  the  Baha'l  faith,
noon, SUB 115.
Ticket   sales  for  Mistletoe  Disco at
870 Granville at 8 p.m. Dec. 21, at
noon every day until Dec. 9.
General meeting,^prospective members welcome, noon, SUB 215.
Suds nlqht. 4 to 8 p.m., SUB 207-9.
Meeting, noon, SUB 113.
Member of Pan-Afrlcanlst League
sneaks on liberation struggle In
South Africa, at 7:30 p.m., Ironworkers Hall, 8th and Columbia.
Year-end party, noon, SUB 212.
Organizational meeting, noon, SUB
Informal carol sing, noon, SUB conversation pit.
Lecture on the color of diamonds,
Is What We See Real?, noon, Chem
Big or Small Jobs
Sat. Dec. 3rd  10-5 p.m.
]            Seconds Clearance
/             1st Quality Ware
Classes start on January 10th 1978.
Registration opens Sat. Dec. 3rd
morning & evening classes on
Tues. Wed. & Thurs.
POTTERY SCHOOL    wtttttttm
2780    ALMA   at   12 th
3299 W. 4th Ave
2153 KINGSWAY 434-0431
Whistler Mt. Cabin Rental
Daily ■ 60.00
Weekend • 120.00
1 week - 375.00
2 weeks ■ 700.00
Bated on 8 person occupancy
- Makt your msmvitlont now u Ihty till quickly
Watch for the Opening of
Qualify Personalized
Custom Black & White
and Colour Enlargements
Specially Selected Cameras
priced under $100.00
3 -4480 W. 10th Ave.
10th & Sasamat
We use Kodak
paper for the
good look
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $2,50; additional lines
50c Additional days $2.25 and 45c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
SUDS NIGHT in SUB, 4-8 p.m. tonight.
Room 207/209. Last SUS event of the
* STARWARS   70MM  (1:45)
(Tropics Motor Hot*I)
* DINNER   (Tropics)
11 — For Sale — Private
corner reds. Sec. P, Row 11 (N.E. oor-
ner) approximately 10 games after
Xmas. Ph. 731-2480.
1972     COROLLA     STATION     WAGON.
Radio, new brakes, extra tires. Needs
some repair. $600 OBO. 980-7270.
Okanagan fruit in season. 25c per
pound by the case. Free delivery.
738-8828 or 733-1677 eves.
1949 NOVA 4-Door, 6 cylinder, automatic. 91,000 miles. Asking $530. Phone
Jean at work, 879-1421; evenings, 733-
9559; or message, 281-0351.
Are Hosting A Pottery Sale
At The Project
4397 West 2nd
On Saturday, Dec 3rd
From 1-4 p.m.
20 — Housing
HOUSING AVAILABLE for spring term.
Limited space left. Great alternative
to residence. Meals included. 2270
Wesbrooke, 224-9866.
13th to Jan. 8th, at Kits. $200. Utilities.   734-1552 evenings.
25 — Instruction
SPANISH CLASSES. Beginners and
advanced. Contact Bertha 738-3895.
PIANO LESSONS by experienced teacher. Graduate of Juilliard School of
Music. Both beginners and advanced
students welcome.  731-0801.
Individual attention. All levels of
ability. $8.00/3 hr. session. Call 874-
TEACHER OF PIANO and theory. Excellent tuition for all grades and ages.
Prep, for Royal Cons, exams and festivals. 882-7991.
30 — Jobs
35 — Lost
from bookstore Thurs. Sentimental
value. Reward. Daniel C„ 224-8774
40 — Messages
(See you under the mistletoe.)
50 — Rentals
60 — Rides
ONE PASSENGER required to Smithers
area. Leaving a.m., Dec. 18th. Call
evenings, Susan (Rm. 372) at 224-9757
or 224-9059.
65 — Scandals
BIBLIOPHAGES, Logophi|es, Bardolat-
ers, Belletrists, Bibliophiles, Insomniacs, Philonoists, Bibliotaphs, Chresto-
mathists, Epistemophiliacs: try Duth-
ies' Tenth, the Bibliopole.
BOOBALAH — A pseudo man in a
powder blue tuxedo has just shown
up at the fan club wicket with a
receipt-ticket  for  you.  Are  you his?
DERAIL YOURSELF! See Subfilms presentation of "The Silver Streak."
(Streaking will be cheered.)
be conferred on any gears attending
SUDS night in SUB tonight. Should
be worth a tanking.
HOCKEY FANS — See the Richmond
Braves stomp U.B.C. T-Birds Friday,
Dec. 2nd, U.B.C. Arena.
Warmers boarding for Vancouver gig
mob in hot pursuit STOP I>Jarrowly
missed shootout across 110th Street
with Cohen's hitman STOP Warn Arts
JAZZ BAND DANCE at S.U.B. ballroom tonight, 8:00 p.m. Tickets $1.50
for Arts; $2.50 for others. Available
in S.U.B.  and Buchanan.
70 — Services
pianos, quality. Top quality work,
reasonable rates. Phone Paul, 224-5886.
85 — Typing
YEAR ROUND expert essay-thesis typing from legible work. Phone 738-6829
ten a.m. to nine p.m.
FAST,   EFFICIENT   TYPING   near   41st
and Marine. 266-5053.
EXCELLENT      TYPING.       Reasonable
rates. Call 731-1807, 12 noon to 9 p.m.
FAST,    excellent    typing.    Reasonable
rates. Phone Linda, 987-8148.
Selectric, call 986-2577. Rush work
accepted. Reasonable. Vancouver pickup.
99 — Miscellaneous
Rent cabin day/week.  7324174 eves.
UBC Through the Lent
Alumni Chronicle
photography contest for
UBC Students
Full details at Speakeasy,
SUB, or call the
Alumni Office,
PUT THE WORLD in someone's Stocking this Christmas. Give Green Peace
'go anywhere' lottery tickets. A book
of 12 is only $22. Phone: 736-0321. A
gift of life is a gift of love.
Wed., Dee. 14th
The  Pacific   Northwest
Premier Matinee of
(King Cinema ith & Blanchard)
251-2646 Friday: 'D&etfife* 2";r1977 ''
T H^E1 "-  U BYSSFY-
Pagi 7"c-
Churches invest
From page 5
racist regime of Vorster in South
Africa, but they also profit from
the misery of millions of people
throughout the Caribbean, Latin
America, Asia and other parts of
People who are forced to use the
banks bear absolutely no
responsibility for the investment
policies of these banks. In the
capitalist system, with its money
economy, there is simply no way to
manage your money without using
the banks — you can't keep it in a
sock or under your pillow.
Boycotting the banks is like trying
to boycott the telephone company
and it is just about as effective.
Unfortunately, the church
groups that have organized this
boycott apparently see the
problem with the banks as being
one  of  corporate   responsibility.
It does indeed seem a bit
hypocritical that at the same time
as calling for a boycott, these same
churches are collecting dividends
from their shares in the banks. In
addition, the United and Anglican
Churches own substantial blocks of
shares in companies operating in
South Africa, such as Falconbridge
and Alcan.
Again, this enables the churches
to speak against investment
policies at annual meetings —
while pocketing the dividends from
these investments throughout the
This still leaves us with the
pressing need to do something to
help the blacks in South Africa win
their struggle for their elementary
democratic and human rights and
to end the oppressive rule of their
country by the white minority.
Canadians can best help the
struggle of the oppressed in this
country by building a powerful
mass movement of solidarity with
their struggles. An immediate
objective of this movement is to
protest the repression and to
demand the release of all political
prisoners which languish in Vorster's jails.
In addition, pressure should be
mounted on Ottawa to terminate
immediately all measures
designed to protect and promote
Canadian investment in South
Through active involvement in
such a campaign and in
organizations like the Southern
Africa Action Coalition, which are
working to organize such campaigns, we can help bring an end to
the racist system in South Africa.
Nominations open now for
SCARFE ROOM 4 12:30-1:30
To old friends and new
go our sincere wishes
for a warm, wonderfil
Perfect Vision Centre
1453 W. Broadway
 738-84.4 jfft
Urvqfia. ctelVnrig, mse\<Ky
accessor S^gif-te /
Exciting, flattering and totally coordinated to
your fashions, your makeup and your lifestyle
)'oiir ( 'otnp,
O/'licu! Sii>i\
\ 733-1722
The A.M.S.
would like to invite all interested
women to our
to be held in SUB 130,
Tuesday, Dec. 6, at 12:30.
Refreshments will be served.
1406 W. Broadway at Granville
VANCOUVER 738-3128
Op'd by the Canadian Hostelling Assoc    710 Yates Mall
VICTORIA     383-2144
Take home the taste.
Enjoy the smooth,
light flavour.
Take home the satisfaction
of Heineken beer.
Ifs all a matter of taste.
Represented in Canada by Samsbury International Agencies Ltd. Page  8
Friday, December 2, 197
Men and women are not antagonistic warring classes
In response to Sheila Lidwill's
letter of Nov. 3 concerning the
disparity between numbers of men
and women hired, I have the
following observations:
It seems to me that society may
be compared to a pie, which can be
cut up in a number of different
ways: from a feminist, or male
chauvinist, viewpoint, it is men vs.
women; from a racially-conscious
viewpoint, it is white vs. black (or
other shades); from an ethnic
viewpoint, it is our nationality vs.
theirs; from a socio-economic
viewpoint, it is the rich vs. the
poor; from a religious viewpoint, it
is (our) true faith vs. the unbelievers.
All are valid ways of dividing the
In recent Perspectives articles,
Kathy Ford and Jim Quail have
pointed out some of the fallacies
and contradictions involved in the
Nov. 5 Women Against Rape
However, neither Ford nor Quail
mentioned two of the mpst
significant alienating factors of
that demonstration: I refer to the
choice of the name Women Against"
Rape and its acronym WAR, both
of which say things about the attitude and motivation of the
organizers which must repell or
exclude people of good will (and
especially men) who would
otherwise support this cause.
Why only women against rape?
Are we to infer that only women
could be against it — that somehow
all men are participants, active or
passive, in this crime? This insults
and degrades all men, just as rape
degrades and injures its victims.
It also acts to polarize human
beings into opposing camps on the
basis of their sex, a form of
discrimination which all persons of
intelligence and good will must
The refusal of the WAR
demonstrators to allow male
reporters or photographers access
to the event shows their closed
mindedness at its most blatant. If
we are ever to overcome our
social-sexual problems it surely
will not be by refusing to talk to one
The WAR members' attitudes
suggest, sadly, that they have
been talking only to each other for
so long that they no longer know
how to talk to others — and worse,
no longer want to. That is the
solution offered by polarization —
the armed camp, the balance of
terror — not that of civilized beings
reaching out to each other from
need and compassion.
Finally, the image of that armed
camp brings me back to the
acronym WAR. What an apt choice
of image, with its connotations of
battle and death, victors and
vanquished! Is that what the WAR
want? If so, I suggest they are not
worthy of our support but only our
pity, fear and, perhaps, contempt.
It is so easy to preach vengeance
and loose the whirlwind of hate
filled rhetoric — so hard to build
bridges, heal wounds, achieve a
just and lasting peace.
Don Gardiner
law 2
social pie. But it is dangerous to
imagine that any particular
viewpoint represents the total
Sheila Lidwill's comment that
men, as a class, have a debt of
social justice to repay to women as
a class — I find very disturbing.
Because I have not been in the
habit of regarding men and women
as antagonistic classes, I am at a
loss as to how to deal with this type
of class warfare. Because I have
never done any hiring or firing, I
resent being lumped into the same
class as the oppressors. If I had the
power to do so, I would certainly
change the present inequitable
situation, but I have no authority in
this regard, nor am I likely to have
any in the near future, if ever.
This  brings  us   to   the  major
difference between Sheila Lidwill's
viewpoint and my own. While she
tends to see things in purely
feminist terms, the point of view
which comes most quickly to my
own mind, coloring and possibly
distorting my appreciation of any
situation, is the socio-economic
one. Because I come from among
the lower classes, I tend to feel
somewhat ill at ease with people of
a higher social origin; as you can
imagine, a place like UBC could
turn me into a complete paranoid,
if I did not realize that my social
attatude is somwthing like a
conditioned reflex and doesn't
necessarily represent a very intelligent view of the situation.
By this, I mean that there are
people of working class origin who
use their humble beginnings as a
rationalization for striving toward
a purely personal success, perhaps
at the expense of their fellow
classmates. There are also people
of upper class origin who are
dedicated to improving the lot of
the poor, or at least joining them.
While these social climbers and
descenders may not be statistically
significant, and the Canadian class
system may in fact be as rigid as
the caste system of India, at the
same time I feel that ignoring the
presence of anomalies is an
insidious form of self-deception;
like ignoring a few details on a
blueprint because they tend to
obscure the simple beauty of the
general plan.
The purely feminist viewpoint
has, I think, a similar blindness. To
refuse admission to male reporters
as the women of WAR did at thei
recent demonstration, could we
have amounted to turning awa
(and off) some individual men-a
dedicated to improving the lot c
women as the average woman.
One final consideration: if th
ratio between men and wome
hired were equalized, would thi
make any difference in th
potential of a person of a lowe
economic class origin, male o
female, for getting a decent jot
especially one carrying a degree c
political power? And, even righ
now, if I were to enter into coir
petition for a job against a woma
of a higher economic class origir
would I be more likely to get th
job? I wouldn't care to bet on it.
Peter Hlookoi
grad studie
Men, Try This
Sit 4*wn In • straight
cMIr. Cross your lets at
the ankle* en4 Keep you
knees pressed tof ether.
Try to do this while
you're having a conversation with someone,
hut pay attention at all
times to keeping your
knees presses tightly
4) Sit comfortably on the
floor. Imagine that you
are wearing a dress and
that everyone In tne room
wants to see your underwear. Arrange your tegs
so that no one can sae.
Sit Itka this for a long
^time without changing
your position.
2) Send down to pick up
an object from the floor.
Each time you Bend ,
remember to bend your
knees so that your rear
end doesnt stick up, *n*
^_ place one hand on your
"^-' shirt front to hold It to
your chest. This exercise
simulates the experience
of a woman In a short,
low-neckad dress bending
») Walk down a city
street. Pay a lot of attcn- '
tion to your clothing;
make sure your pants are
tipped, shirt tucked in,   .
outtons done. Look
straight ahead. Every tlrr.«
a man walks past you,
avert your eyes and
make your face expressless. Most women learn to
go thru thii act every time
we leave our houses. It's
a way to avoid at least
soma of the encounters
we've had with strange
men who decided we
looked available.
3) Nun a snort distance,
keeping your knees
together. You'll find you
have to take short high
steps it you run this way.
Women have been taught
it ts untemlnine to run
like a man with long,
free strides. Sae how tar
you get running this way
for 30 seconds.
6) Walk around witn your
stomach pulled in tight,
your shoulders thrown
back, and your chest
tnruit out. Pay attention
to keeping this posture
at ail times. Notice how
it changes your breathing.
Try to speak loudly and
aggressively in this posture.
<Jfc« Mrtwc*
Senate hurts students chasing after commerce degrees
If you're one of the hundreds in
first year going into Commerce
next year, think again. Before you
sell your English 100 novels and
mothball your labcoat, you had
better know what you're up
The university senate has passed
a couple of motions that could
prevent you from attaining your
coveted B. Comm. Ask one of the
hundreds of current commerce
undergrads about how "easy it is to
breeze through Commerce." It
simply is not. An 18 unit program
doesn't leave much time for the Pit
or very many other forms of
"So what!" you might say. "I'm
as good as any of those Commerce
capitalists currently enrolled."
But we, the current commerce
undergrads aren't up against what
you're going to face.
For starters: you've got to get a
55 per cent average of better, in all
your courses (commerce, arts or
otherwise) to advance into your
next commerce year. A 55 per cent
average may not sound too bad to
you now, but wait until the perils of
your first year commerce courses
hit you. That letter from the
registrar with your marks may not
bring joy to the ol' heart.
If that wasn't enough: if you fail
any course (commerce or otherwise) and the average you attain in
the courses you do pass is less than
60 per cent, you fail, you lose, you
do not advance, you don't even
pass "go".
That lousy 1.5 unit course you
had trouble with and failed will not
allow you to get credit for any
other course that you passed. So
long as you fail any course and
your remaining average is below
60 per cent, you can kiss any first
class marks, about $650 in tuition,
and eight months of sweat and
tears goodbye.
Disparities exist in actual TA stipends
I feel some comments must be made on Tuesday's
article about teaching assistant pay disparities. The
article's headline and lead paragraph told of TA pay
differences, and then the rest of the article discussed
mainly average yearly income levels of graduate
students in various departments. These income levels
were averaged over students who were TAs as well as
What should be pointed out are the disparities in the
actual TA stipends. The most usual TA income for
working a 12 hour week for eight months is $3,852.
This applies to the faculty of arts, the faculty of
agricultural sciences, and to the life sciences. For the
same work load, TA rates are as low as $350 for
students taking a MEd., and as high as $4,870 for fifth-
year chemistry graduate students.
As well as being given TA support, graduate
students have access to other sources of funds.
However, these tend to be more readily available to
students in applied sciences and physical sciences.
Meanwhile, TAs in arts, where TA rates are low, have
less access to income supplements, and in many
cases, the TAship is the only source of income.
Consequently, students in the physical sciences can
report total incomes well in excess of their TA
stipend, while students in arts tend to have total
annual incomes very close to their TA stipends.
Dave Smith
Still not convinced, huh? Think
you can handle it? Well the faculty
of commerce has one more nail for
your coffin. They're considering
making a minimum of a 60 per cent
grade average for your final two
years of Commerce. No 60 per cent
average, no golden B. Comm.
Feel frustrated? Angry? Upset?
Good, better now than next year.
But please, let me turn the knife
just a little while longer. Believe it
or not, two of the student senators
voted for the "new and improved
advancement requirements."
They shall remain nameless as I
feel they are a disgrace to student
representation of university
bodies. Please don't ask me why
they voted in favor of these artificial standards, they didn't seem
to ask very many (if any) present
Commerce undergrads before they
voted either.
Had enough? Maybe so but
there's still more to come!
The commerce undergraduate
society endorsed this method of
supposedly "upgrading the quality
of commerce graduates" while in
effect complying with the goal to
cut down the number of commerce
undergrads. But the CUS will
claim they did ask the students.
Too bad the students asked won't
even be affected by these
requirements. It's going to apply to
next year's undergrads and undergrads from then on only!
Besides, its supposed to increase
the value of the B. Comm. of those
presently enrolled in Commerce,
at your cost.
Just before you enquire abot
second year English and what yo
want to major in, there is a ray c
hope in the heap that's bee
dumped on you.
The senate minutes with thesi
now "advanced requirements
(which I'm sure you can describ
in very colorful words) must sti]
be accepted by the university'
board of governors. The student
have two representatives on thi
almighty body, Moe Sihota am
Basil Peters. Nudge, nudge, hint
hint (contact them through th
student representative assembly
meetings every Wednesday at 6:0!
p.m. in SUB Room 206).
Don Turri (CUS vice-president
and commerce senator Bol
Goodwin, have now (better lab
than never) decided to draf
something up in opposition to thesi
requirements. Keep your finger
crossed, better yet, talk to them
lobby them, scream at them, hel]
After all, your ass is on the line
not mine!
Glenn Won]
The Ubyssey welcomes letter
from all readers.
Letters should be signed am
Pen names will be used when th
writer's real name is also includei
for our information in the letter o
when valid reasons for anonymit;
are given. Friday, December 2, 1977
Page 9
I would like to respond to the
letter, written by Rob Edwards
which appeared in The Ubyssey
Nov. 15. In this letter he made a
number of statements and left a
number of impressions, which are
inconsistent with the truth concerning the Totem Park
residence's standards committee.
To begin with, it is important to
realize that housing department
input into cases concerning
violations of the standards in
residence is legally necessary in
order for any disciplinary action to
Res committees not tyrannical
occur. The standards themselves
are set by the students own Totem
Park Residents' Association, yet
this association has no way to
punish or remove from residence
those persons whose actions
transgress the standards of conduct in the residence.
Housing is legally in a position to
do just this, so it is reasonable that
they would wish to have some
control over a process whereby a
WTiy is Main closed?
You may be wondering why
anyone would be taking time out at
this time of the year to write a
letter to this glorious newspaper. I
have been a student at this
university for three years now and
(believe it or not) this is the first
time I have become totally
outraged at the practices of the
UBC library system.
In the pursuit of my studies it is
required that I spend a certain
amount of time researching
materials in the wonderful bastion
of knowledge known as the Main
Library. After making the arduous
trek from my place of residence to
the said bastion one Saturday
evening, I came to the realization
that it was just that, a bastion,
complete with locked doors!
Saddened, I turned away and
made my way home. Upon
arriving at my destination I found
myself unable to continue in my
scientific endeavours due to a
notable lack of information. At this
time I noticed that I was beginning
to feel quite displeased (to put it
mildly) with my predicament and
decided that if I couldn't rectify it I
could at least complain about it.
Which brings me to the point of
this letter, riddle me this if you
will, if it is called the Main Library
why is it closed at a time so close to
Christmas exams when lesser
libraries such as Sedgewick are
Some may answer, "who
knows?", some may even answer
"who cares?", in fact I myself
answered both. Maybe if we are all
good little girls and boys over the
Christmas holidays Santa Claus
and/or the people who run the
library system will see it in their
hearts to "budget" some extra
time for us deserving students
during this years final exams.
Kim Dotto
number of students are evicted
from their business establishments
each year.
The standards committees
themselves are composed, in fact,
by only one housing representative. This is usually a house
advisor from the area who is
chosen on the basis of their unbiased background.
The two other members of each
committee consist of a student
representative, (usually a house
chairperson or other political
figure), and a committee chairperson, whose appointment has
been approved of by both housing
and the TPRA, and who is a
student independent of either of
these two groups.
The above committee will hold a
hearing, listen to the testimony of
witnesses (standards committees
are called at the will of a member
of the Residence and not the
Residence Coordinator), and to the
defense of the accused person(s).
The committee will then make a
recommendation of disciplinary
action, if any, to the residence
coordinator, who will then either
accept the recommendation, or not
accept it.
In the case of the latter, the
coordinator may ask that a new
hearing be called by a new committee or alter the recommendation. No matter what
recommendation is finally accepted by the Coordinator, he/she
does not have the final say.
The student has the right, and is
always encouraged by the committee, to make an appeal to the
appeal committee in any case
where they feel that they have been
mistreated. The appeal committee
consists of the area coordinators
•H&nc - -i*e it**
from the other two residences and
the director of housing.
As you can see from the above
outline of the standards process,
the residents are not able to "be
made subject to the whims of a
tyrannical Area Coordinator."
Finally I would like to point out
that Edwards leaves his allegation
of prejudice, on the part of the
committee and the area coordinator, in the company of his
other statements — that is to say
completely unsubstantiated.
As a member of the advisory
staff at Totem Park I feel confident
enough to state that I have yet to
meet any of my fellow housing
employees who would not want the
students living in the residences of
this university to assume a more
active role in controlling the
quality of life in the residences.
If Edwards is advocating
complete student control over the
standards processes with an all-
student committee making the
final decision, then I commend him
and, given responsible, mature
student backing, I am sure that it
could be worked out. The trouble is
that at this time the overall impression one is left with, concerning almost everything in
residence, is that the students are
only interested in standards
committees or other seats of
"student power" when they are
directly affected by the actions of
these bodies.
The rest of the time their communal apathy is disheartingly
apparent. A standards committee
which operated with more student
input in Totem Park last year was
a dismal, disorganized failure.
James M. Van Alstine
CSA bow to two-China policy concerns member
I am most disappointed in the
reply of Chinese student
association president, Allen Li, to
recent criticisms of CSA's policies.
Standing alone, the film policy had
been ambiguous and seemed to
reflect ignorance of political
Li's letter explaining that policy,
however, indicates that the policy
Program hassle a mix-up
Regarding the Nov. 10 article, Work-Study is Catch 22, the following
information might be of interest:
The work/study concept was introduced by the ministry of education
during 1976-77 to complement the current grant/loan program. Amongst
the 20,000 applicants were a number who wished to meet part or all of
their need by means of part-time employment.
The ministry agreed that students who wished to diminish their need by
working a reasonable number of hours, as well as to gain meaningful
work experience, should have the opportunity.
Approximately 165 students at 15 institutions in B.C. participated in the
pilot program administered during the spring term of 1977. During the
current educational year it is estimated that between 400 and 500 students
will choose to work for part of their financial assistance.
Students may wish to utilize the program in various ways. For
example, if a student's need is assessed to be $1,000, he/she may accept a
job which pays a total of $800 work/study and $200 loan.
Other students who have already received money under the B.C.
Student Assistance Program, but subsequently have encountered
unexpected needs, may decide to seek part-time employment instead of
raking out additional assistance. For example, students who found
themselves unemployed or underemployed during the pre-term period
may see an advantage in making up the shortfall with a job for seven
hours a week instead of taking out an additional loan.
It may be emphasized that the Work/Study Program is optional. For
some students, the program will serve an important role; for others, it
might not provide the same advantages since their circumstances differ. A questionnaire distributed among last spring's participants indicated strong support for this alternate source of financial aid.
Unfortunately, the case described in your Nov. 10 article reflects
neither the intent nor the normal practice of the program. It appears that
there was a misunderstanding amongst the parties involved. Students
should and must know the conditions of employment.
Although the individual institution is responsible for the administration
of its program, the ministry's student services branch is always available
to advise when difficulties arise.
The program is in a state of development. With any new program adjustments must be made to ensure the best possible application of student
support dollars. The Work/Study Program provides an alternative to the
traditional grant/loan program.
As interest and participation grow, it is anticipated that new and innovative ways will be found to apply the program for the optimum benefit
of all students.
John Ewing
information services
ministry of education
is not merely ignorant but is in fact
highly political. As his letter is
written in his capacity as CSA
president and is apparently on
behalf of the executive, I as a CSA
member must protest.
Rather than simply justifying the
film policy on enterrainment
grounds, Li shows that the policy is
directly and consciously
recognizing the legitimacy of the
Kuomintong regime in Taiwan.
He writes of being "fully aware
of the reality of Taiwan —
governed by a political party that
claims to be the rightful government of China." He claims that
there are "two major political
parties in China, the Communist
Party and the Kumintang." He
then insists that the CSA cannot
"ignore Taiwan", though he seems
to admit that Taiwan is but a
province of China.
Yet the CSA seems to have little
difficulty in "ignoring" Szechuan,
Kwangtung, Hunan, and all the
other provinces. What is the CSA
executive really doing when they
"refuse to ignore Taiwan" — when
they in fact single out Taiwan for
The CSA policy as explained by
Allan Li is in fact a Two-China
policy — a blatantly political stand
notwithstanding its liberal and
hypocritical claim to neutrality.
This is further demonstrated by
the showing of such highly political
propaganda movies as the 800
True, in converstion with me
later, Li did say he was embarrassed by this particular
movie. But the notoriety of this
film was well-known even before it
was shown. Does the CSA
executive have any control over
the Taiwanese films it shows? If
not, who determines the choice of
Taiwan films available to the CSA?
How much discretion is really
exercised by the CSA executive in
this matter? Who is distributing
these films?
The Two-China policy is in fact a
pro-Taiwan policy. It has become
quite impossible for some time now
for any sane educated person — be
he liberal, socialist, or conservative in his political views — to
assert that the Kuomintang is the
government of China. The overwhelming majority of the world's
people have rejected the Taiwan
government and recognized that
there is but one government of
The Two-China policy is not in
the interests of Canada, nor of
China, nor of the Chinese-
Canadians here at UBC or
anywhere else. Such a policy can
only prolong delusions, encourage
factions, and serve to divide and
confuse people.
If this policy is in fact that of the
CSA executive it should be reconsidered.
Concerned CSA member
Scarfe cafeteria serves awful food
After two years in the education faculty I feel it is
time to speak to larger ears regarding the infamous
Scarfe cafeteria.
I've visited most of the restaurants, cafeterias and
food vending machines at least once since I transferred here in 1976.1 can eat almost anything if I'm
hungry enough, but I can no longer handle the barf at
the Scarfe cafeteria.
I don't mean to be crude — there is simply no better
word to describe what is served there. To be fair, the
sandwiches are usually safe and the store-bought
pastries are dependable. It's the rest of the grub I
can't handle.
The lunchtime smell from age-old hamburger
grease seeps through three flights of stairs and many
closed doors, and is enough to send anyone out for a
breath of fresh air. McDonald's comparably smells
like roses.
A desperate person may buy a deluxe hamburger
with soggy tomatoes, and relish, the source of which
is left to one's imagination.
I bought chicken soup there one day which was
totally lacking noodles, chicken, and even hot water
— it was 100 per cent liquid fat with a sprinkling of
Never to buy soup there again, I decided to sample
one of their meat pies. The spoon exposed a pie full of
gravy — no meat, no vegetables, just a couple of
potato cubes. Another day I risked my health on the
chili, which consisted of watery chili sauce and a
dozen beans. A washed-out hot dog was my final
sampling of cooked food at the Scarfe cafeteria.
Has anyone ever taken a mouthful of cottage
cheese gone sour? I blinked twice at an oblivious
waitress who handed me a cup of curdled milk.
Need I mention the coffee? Today I bought my last
cup of brine. Coffee at Sedgewick's vending machines
is like Murchie's Best compared to that. I'd rather
fall asleep in class than drink that extremely bitter
coffee again. The cream made it look like mashed
cottage cheese. The waitress explained to me that
cream always does that in coffee because it is so cold.
I am not acting like an arrogant student who is used
to Baron of Beef and Baked Alaska. Through much of
my life I was literally brought up on cheese sandwiches, weiners and beans, and chuck steak if we
could afford it. For two years I worked as a waitress
in such fancy places as the Brentwood Malt Bar and
Hastings A & W.
But I have never been to a cafeteria whose
waitresses hold such disregard for the quality of their
work. So many lunch periods there are hordes of
people standing at the counter while the same couple
of waitresses are bitching and swearing at each
Except for these two, I've noticed an amazing rate
of turnover. What the hell's the matter in that kitchen? Come on girls, clean up your act.
Ruth Lowther
education Page  10
Friday, December 2, 1977
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TON KELL creative arts
Percy and the Secret of Happiness
Long ago in Mouseland, there lived a very
smart little mouse called Percy. He read so
many books and knew so much that all the
other mice were always asking him,
"Percy, what does this mean?" or "What's
the answer to that?" Percy, being quite a
smart little mouse, always had the right
answer and everyone admired him. He was,
in fact, very famous in his town. People
came from far and wide to hear him talk and
especially to hear about his great secret —
the secret of happiness.
Everyone in Mouseland knew the secret
and the word soon spread that this was the
happiest kngdom in which to live.
One day, a fellow mouse from a far-a-way
place visited Percy and brought him news of
other lands.
"Across the great river," he said, "lies a
kingdom of very rich and powerful lions.
Everyone there lives in gold houses and
wears many jewels and fine clothes. But
there is one great problem. All the lions are
very sad and wear long, droopy faces.
Sometimes big tears drop from their eyes
and land in great puddles at their feet."
No one knew why they were sad but
jesters and clowns came from all over to
make the lions laugh. The king had even
offered a great treasure to anyone who could
tell the lions how to be happy. But no one
could talk about the secret except Percy.
"Why not make the journey to the rich lion
kingdom," suggested his friend, "and tell
the lions how to be happy? The king would
reward you with a great treasure and you
would be rich. All the mice would admire
you even more and you'd be even happier
than you are now."
"Imagine," thought Percy, "how wonderful it would be to visit a land of powerful
lions and to become so rich!"
He had never known such riches as his
friend described and now he longed to see it
for himself. So one day he tied up all his
belongings and set out on the long journey
across the river to the land of the lions.
When he arrived in the lion kingdom he
was very weary, but though his bones ached,
he couldn't rest for the wonderment of it all.
Such a kingdom he had come to! All the lions
were very beautiful. They wore gold
bracelets and necklaces and lived in houses
with many servants. Every thing glittered
and Percy was overcome with joy. There
was so much to see and do that he didn't
know which way to turn, but he decided to go
straight to the king and tell him the secret of
happiness. Then he would collect his
treasure and take it home where he would
live like a king in his own land.
Now this was a good plan but things didn't
The Wine of Father Sanchez
Orwell and his donkey were starting their
journey to steal the wine of Father Sanchez
in San Pablo. It was autumn; the eagles had
flown south to be sheltered from the desert
winds, the suns and moons came less and
less before churning clouds of storms, and
the old grape picker had said the wine was
ripe, bubbling, rouge coloured like the
whore's cheeks. The wine was beautiful,
tasting as soft and smooth as Mrs. Omellia's
custard. Orwell and the donkey had tasted
the wine the first Christmas after they'd
come to the long valley. They'd gone every
year to San Pablo for the wine since then.
The donkey closed up the shack, leaving
straw up to his knees in his stall, for he knew
when he returned he'd be tired and sore. The
stable was warm.
The cabin in the forest smelled of sweet
pine. In the small house Orwell's favorite
paintings shone in the whispering firelight.
Orwell liked to sit in his house. It was cozy
and glowing and brown faced squirrels
skittered about after crumbs and biscuits.
At the foot of his mountain the desert spread
as far as the horizon. Orwell pushed his
rocking chair before the fire, for he knew
he'd be cold and sleepy when he returned.
When morning lay full upon the valley
they left across the desert towards San
Pablo in the west. The donkey watched for
grey sand foxes for he was afraid of them.
The donkey thought they were devils. Orwell
feared the nights, for there could be bandits
from the coast hidden in the darkness. He'd
build three fires as the sun left at dusk, and
they'd huddle in the centre. Maybe they will
not kill us if they see how poor we are he
The first night a half moon came to the sky
with the north winds that howled across the
desert, churning sand into a cyclone. Their
eyes stung. Orwell cradled the donkeys head
for they were good friends. In the morning
rain drenched the desert.
"We should go back," said the donkey.
They were cold and wet.
"It's not far to San Pablo," said Orwell.
"Remember the wine."
The donkey carried the man for a time, for
they were good friends.
The clouds slowly dropped below the
horizon, and the sky was lit a deep candle
stick blue by the sun. They tried to eat but
the biscuits and hay were wet and covered in
sand. Snakes rattled and hissed from their
burrows as they passed, and hooded hawks
swooped down scratching their backs. When
the sun had fallen the night was on fire with
sparkling stars. Noises from the shadows
scared them.
The next morning they walked by the
river looking for the bridge to the village,
until finally they found it crumpled in
torrents of rushing brown water. The storm
had washed it away. Orwell and the donkey
stared at it for a long time. The sun became
hot, burning. Flies swirled about them.
Then suddenly Orwell jumped up.
"I'll swim across with a rope then pull you
over," he said to the donkey, for they always
went places together.
The donkey shook his head.
"I can't swim," he said.
"I'll tie logs to your sides so you can
So the donkey agreed, for he trusted the
man. Orwell took some rope from his canvas
bag, then searched for two logs that were
smooth against the donkey's sides. Orwell
swam across the sweeping water.
When the donkey's turn came he was very
frightened. His eyes bulged as brown and
round as the glass net balls they saw in the
tavern in San Pablo. The river rushed by
him. Orwell pulled with all his strength as
the donkey floated down river. A rock ripped
the logs from his sides. The rope was torn
from Orwell's bleeding hands as the donkey
jerked his head about. The donkey drowned.
Orwell stayed by the river for two days.
He remembered the times they went fishing
in the lake, when they'd come to the valley
mountain, the wine they'd drunk, and all the
time they'd been together. I'll drink some
wine for him he thought, for he knew the
donkey would do the same. On the third day
he left for San Pablo.
That evening with the sun falling behind
the sea in a redness like wine, Orwell ran
into the church of Father Sanchez and crept
downstairs into the caves. He took some
bottles from his bag and filled them from the
When he returned home he put the bottles
in the brook to cool, then tried to sleep. He
thought of the donkey often. For a week he
didn't touch the wine, then one evening it
was hot like the summer with a wildfire sky
to the east. The cool breezes from the hills
were gone. He went to the creek. The donkey
would want me to, he thought. The cold wine
smelled sweet and fresh but it was bitter. He
tasted it again but it was like unripe plums.
Its the same wine he thought. He sat on the
porch overlooking the desert and he knew,
for the donkey had been his friend.
Page Friday, 2
Friday, December 2, 1977 :&':t«*
Christmas Story
creative arts
A few years ago I did a stupid thing I
have been regretting down to the present
moment. Not to put too fine a point on it, I
got married, and this marriage afflicted me
for a long time. In one season of the year
particularly, this marriage used to become
dolorous beyond measure, my pains
growing insupportable while the majority of
men — the lucky creatures — were experiencing a lessening of their year-long
burdens. I speak of Christmas of course, and
at that time, as I compared my misery to the
festivity of my fellow man I could not help
reflect on the peculiarly inequitable
distribution of happiness which our Lord has
seen fit to spread among us on the occasion
of his birthday.
I cannot hope to give a full reckoning of all
my various travails at the hands of my
wife's family, nor of the degree to which
under the burdensome institution of
marriage I labored over many Christmas
seasons, but, in the tradition of many
Christmas tales, will give an account of one
Christmas evening in which happiness,
sadness and tragedy were combined in a not
unusual manner.
A forgettable branch of my wife's family
lives in Ottawa. This branch would be
forgotten altogether were it not for the fact
that each Christmas a gift came to us from
them and a gift went back by return mail to
them from us—or so my wife said. Myself, I
cannot remember having ever sent anything
to them, nor can I imagine what I should
have wanted to send, except perhaps a saw
with which to cut themselves off from my
family tree. In any case, I did not consider
this forgettable branch of my wife's family
particularly virtuous since they were only
related to my wife.
Damn finery
Last Christmas, these Ottawa relations of
my wife sent me a peculiar garment. I
guess you would call it a combination bathrobe mini-skirt. "Finery for the complete
man . . .," said the description on the back
package. "Pools and locker rooms," I read,
but then I have never been big on reading
and this was for the complete man. What
need has he of reading? I tried the skirt on.
Now the important thing about a skirt is
how it flies, so sometime on Christmas night
last year out I went and charged along the
street trying to make the damn finery for a
complete man to fly.
To appreciate what happened to me while
running along that street trying to get my
skirt to fly you have to know what sort of a
neighbourhood ours was. It was a tough
neighbourhood, bordering on the university
and full of exposure artists, rapists, crackpots, and kooks and so on of the worst kind.
In short, it was much like any place — or
would be but for the police.
The police in this Alsatia were, and I
imagine still are, RCMP of the sort
distinguished across the country for their
cool judgement in difficult situations. These
admirable men of the law will not hesitate to
burn down a barn if it gets in the way of
justice. But, at a pinch and in the type of
extreme encounters common in this neighbourhood, even the RCMP did not always
have time for such good judgement, and so
it must have been, when the policeman saw
me running down the street in my new
Christmas present on Christmas night, that
he foolishly jumped to the conclusion that I
was a menace to society.
Was the policeman justified? I have asked
myself this question a hundred times. If you
have never been arrested you cannot
imagine the self-examination that goes on in
such a situation. Was it at that moment or
sometime later that I realized that nobody
would ever again be completely safe to
roam the streets in his Christmas suit? It
must have been sometime later, because at
that moment I fully expected the policeman
— he turned out to be a constable — to understand matters as I explained them to
him. But, when he would not let me explain,
I saw clearly that here was all the efficiency
of a barn burning operation or an attack on
the Royal Mail, but »ntirpiv larkinc the good
sense displayed in those cases. For me,
there was only one way out.
"Take me to the station," I cried. "1 want
to talk to your boss."
The chief would listen. I should say that
policy to go over their head. Besides, I was
thinking what a good break from my wife
this was. I was actually beginning to enjoy
this adventure.
Unfortunately, the chief turned out ot be a
fool. I explained about the skirt and was
leaning back as comfortably as the wooden
bench in the station allowed and placing my
finger tips together the way a successful
defence attorney does when he knows he
has won his case, when the chief scowled
and asked in a sarcastic voice what tennis
balls were doing in my leotard top.
Now, I had forgotten about those tennis
balls and was a little shocked when he
mentioned them. I realized they compromized my situation somewhat. Frankly,
I can say things were not going well for
yours truly, for the chief's scowl got deeper
and deeper in a frightening manner. Obviously, he was less reasonable than I
thought at first. I could see that. But deep
faith in my fellow man is — was — part of
my character. (I will say nothing for
women.) So I decided to tell the truth and
place my faith in the chief. I launched into
the following explanation immediately.
Muttered toasts
My wife's family used to gather on
Christmas day in the evening for an annual
bash. This was the only time of year, under
the benevolent influence of the season, that
they could gather amicably, but even then it
severely strained their good natures and
they found it necessary to disguise themselves to avoid recognition. Recognition
among my wife's people inevitably brought
high words and would in turn bring out the
knives forcing the Christmas spirit to flee to
wherever it hides all year round.
Of course, my wife and I never fought with
her relations. We came together with the
true Christmas spirit, but we also learned
that disguise was the better part of
discretion and came in costume to our own
house to avoid argument. Our own house. I
emphasized that to the chief.
From years of costumed Christmases we
learned that simple disguise did not ensure
peaceableness. My wife's people have
voices like serpents, very distinctive in their
own way, so Christmasses we shut up tight
for the night, except for screams and grunts
and muttered toasts which give no identities
away. Otherwise, we used to lead very ordinary Christmas nights playing Christmas
carols, drinking and eating till it was time to
go home thinking what a jolly clan we were .
I explained this to the chief and I thought
at the time that he was impressed by what I
said — he kept looking at the constable. But
I saw later that I was mistaken. He nodded
for me to go on.
After dinner that Christmas night, I grew
tired with the clan's conversation, though
the grunting was as good as you usually hear
on such occasions.
At this juncture in my story the chief said,
"Get on with it." I got.
While tiring of the family's conversation, I
was also getting hot in my new skirt on
account of having the furnace set over
eighty to prevent Aunt ■ Grandle's
rheumatism from cramping her up as it did
a few years previously when someone
pushed Uncle Bertie through a plate glass
window. The grunts and heat closed in upon
me. I had to get out.
The chief wrote rapidly in a notebook as I
The house must have been up over ninety
with the whole herd of relatives milling
around, when I took off my stockings, but I
figured most of them already knew I was a
man because I swore like a trooper (I
changed that to navvy when the constable
gave me a dirty look) when that bitch, my
cousin Lubinda, burned me with her
cigarette. I knew it was Lubinda. She gets a
deal of pleasure out of burning people with
her cigarette. It is her secret recognition
At this point, the chief looked at the
constable and the constable rapped out,
"Just tell us how you happened to be in the
street, mister."
I must have blanched under my mascara
when he said that, but I went on as if nothing
had happened — well, practically nothing.
The upshot of the heat and the dull conversation and cousin Lubinda's cigarette
burn was that I sneaked out the front door
for a bit of air. Out there in the cool night, I
got to thinking about cousin Lubinda, Uncle
Berite, Aunt Grandle, Hacks, my wife.
Disgusting lot
"What a disgusting lot they are," I
At that moment, I knew I could never go
back in there. I fell to thinking about my new
skirt, and before I knew it, I was hauling
down the street toward freedom.
My explanation to the RCMP ended with a
flourish and I looked into the chief's eye with
a grin, but I saw a grim look there you would
not believe and the constable wore the same
stare. It is a terrible thing in the life of a
man when he is not believed, and just then I
knew I was not believed. With the chief and
the constable looking like that, I started to
think about barn burnings. Fellows like the
chief there planned them, I thought. But
there was little time to think for I heard at
that instant the word "jail". Serious now, I
told the constable to ring up my wife — I
gave him the number — and ask if she had a
husband dressed to my description that
No one answered at the house. It was
stupid of me not to remember. Of course, no-
one would answer. The din would be too loud
at the house to hear the telephone ring..
Well, we pile in the police cruiser — the
chief, the constable, and me — and go round
to where I say I live. All the while the chief
and the constable keep looking at me with
those grim expressions so I feel like the wart
on my wife's nose. And every minute, I am
feeling more nervous because, I admit it,
there was a chance my wife would not
recognize me. We had our problems, no
more then other families, little
disagreements, but more than once she had
said the first opportunity to get rid of me
would not be too soon. Now, I never believed
her. You generally do not believe fat, crude,
repulsive women like my wife. Who would
take her from me? I would like to know.
Nonetheless, as we walked to the door of my
house I was apprehensive. I remember
threatening to do the same by her if I had the
Great howling
We went up to the door and there was this
great howling inside and no-one answered
the door, so we walked in and I told the chief
and the constable to look for a tall, double-
bladed axe with a knot in the middle where
her stomach was.
"That axe will be my wife," I said.
After some minutes, we found one looking
like that, and we went on the lawn and the
chief gestured at the constable and the
constable looked at the double-headed axe
with a fond expression and asked straight
out, "Do you know this man?"
The axe, my wife, walked around me so
close I could see her beady little eyes on
either side of the blade near the helve
scrutinizing me. Sure as I am alive, that axe
way my wife.
"No," said the axe after examining me
closely. "No, I've never seen that man
Then the police chief said, "Thank you
ma'am. Sorry to bother you on Christmas
night, ma'am," and I swear he looked at
the constable with a wink. Then I could see
they would take me away, so I screamed
and I lunged for my wife. You have to be
firm with women and I was going to show
her, but then the constable hit me.
I woke up in jail. When my vision cleared,
I saw my stockings were all ripped and my
garter belt mssing and ballet shoes gone.
But what did it matter? My Christmas skirt
flew. Had I not got rid of my wife?
Milhaven, December, 1977
Percy and the Secret of Happiness
From PF 2
quite happen the way he expected. Percy
went to see the king in his shining palace and
began to tell him of the great secret.
"Oh," roared the lion, "who is this little
creature that thinks he can tell a lion how to
be happy? You're no bigger than my toe and
besides for that, you can't even roar, you
can only squeak. You are very poor and very
small and can't possibly have a secret for a
rich kingdom of lions. Come back when you
can roar like a lion and walk like a lion. Then
we will listen to you."
At this, Percy was so distressed that for
the first time in his life he felt big tears well
up in his eyes. He couldn't go home without
the treasure. What would the other mice
think of him?
The more he thought about it, the more he
decided he wanted that treasure very badly
and couldn't be happy without it. He decided
to become a lion as the king asked.
Every day Percy practiced how to become
a lion. He would walk around with a long
droopy face and sometimes he would cry
like the other lions. He bought himself some
fancy new clothes and even though they
were too big for him and hung down around
his ankles, he was pleased with the way he
Months passed and Percy felt he was
almost ready to go and see the king again.
He had just about learned to roar although
sometimes his voice would crack and come
out in a squeak.
"Never mind," thought Percy to himself,
"The king will see my clothes and jewels
and my long droopy face and he will think
I'm a lion. Then he'll listen to me and give
me the treasure and I can go back to
The day finally came for Percy to meet
the king again, but as he entered the room
where the king sat on his high throne,
something terrible happened! He had
forgotten the secret of happiness!
All the trouble he had taken to become a
lion had been for nothing. What would he do
At that instant, the king began to behave
very strangely. He looked down at little
Percy and saw a tiny mouse standing there
with baggy trousers trailing behind him,
coat sleeves hanging down to the floor, and
jewels that were much too big for his arms
and neck. The king took one look at all this
and began to roar with laughter.
"Imagine," he shouted, "a mouse that
thinks he's a lion." And he began to laugh all
the harder.
Soon all the lions in the kingdom heard the
king laughing and came to see what had
happened. When they saw Percy, they all
began to laugh like the king because Percy
looked so ridiculous. Finally the king exclaimed in a loud roar, "No one had ever
been able to make the lions laugh before,
little mouse. For this I will reward you with
the treasure."
"But I don't deserve it!" cried Percy. "I
have forgotten the secret of happiness."
"Never mind," said the king. "Go back to
Mouseland and become a mouse again and
you will remember the secret."
With that Percy fled. He had learned his
lesson and was never again seen in the
kingdom of lions.
Friday, December 2, 1977
Page Friday, 3 entertainment j££0* ■ .;!££*£'5^.'' "u ' •
Pinball wizard hooked on bright lights
Bill Cosby has one. Hugh Hefner has
several — in each of his houses. Now
department store chains and recreation
equipment manufacturers want every home
to have one.
A pinball machine in every living room is
what the manufacturers envision; right
there with the wide-screen television, video
recording system, stereo with AM/FM,
color organ and electric cigar-end cutter.
The demand for pinball machines is
higher than it has ever been. More and more
people are relaxing in a hail of flashing
lights, ringing bells and reflex testing that
would burn out the frontal lobes of a
laboratory mouse.
In SUB would-be pinball wizards cluster
two and three deep at the machine in the
basement pinball room. Hour after hour it is
full of students trading their government
loans, quarter by quarter, for a few minutes
of testing their reflexes against fantastic
odds. .
As exams approach the pool hall empties
and the bowling alley becomes a quiet place.
Even the Pit is reduced to a skeleton crew of
stalwart diehards.
But in the pinball room the crowds seem to
thicken. People who want to drive academic
thoughts from their heads line up to be
bombarded with sensory stimula and free
themselves from the sterile world of the
study hall.
There are a dozen different pinballs there,
as well as a few penny arcade shooting and
driving machines, table soccer and the
modern pinball variants, the video games.
Video games first became a fad with the
introduction of electronic ping-pong in bars
several years ago. Now they are having
another wave of popularity due to the
development of a variety of games, most
with loud sound effects, and some with
special visual effects as well.
Noise is the thing. The most popular video
game is the auto race, which annoys every
non-player in a 60-foot radius with its
roaring engine and screeching tire sounds.
Next is Star Wars, with the sounds of jet
engines and loud explosions to go with a fast-
moving, flashing visual display.
But the new electronic games aren't
replacing the traditional brightly colored
board and silver ball, the pinball that has
been around, in various forms, for a century
or more.
In the nineteenth century it was called
bagatelle, a simple slanted board where the
ball fell into slots or pockets worth various
amounts of points.
It was a parlor fad among the upper
classes and later a child's game. It never
received sustained popularity, probably
because it wasn't very exciting.
Then came the flipper, which added a
measure of skill to the game, and electricity, which added the lights, the bells, and
the tilt sign. The first pinballs as we know
them were manufactured in the 1920s to be
played by bathtub gin drinkers in the
Now these machines are collectors' items,
commanding prices that top $10,000 in a
seller's market. If that's too rich for you,
you can buy home machines for $500-$l,000
that are somewhat smaller and simpler than
the 200-pound commercial jobs.
Or you can plug in your quarter for two
plays, three gleaming chromed balls each
time. If you're very good or very lucky, you
can keep those balls rolling and caroming
off the bumpers until you hear the piercing
thwack! that announces that you've won a
free game.
The odds are against it. On a pinball
where the free game is attained at 50,000
points, even a good player will score about
25,000 most of the time.
Then why try?
For one thing, it's relaxing. The people
bent over the machines in SUB will tell you
that it drives worries and tension away.
"You trance out. You get hypnotized
watching that ball bounce around and
listening to clicking and ringing of the score
mounting up. And there's the satisfaction of
piling up a big score on a ball, even if the
rest go straight down the chute," says one
Another attraction is competion. Whether
you are going against the machine, trying to
beat it for a free game, or against yourself,
trying to top your last high score, pinball
can be an exciting and frustrating game.
"It's a good way to work off your
aggressions," says another pinballer. The
vast majority of pinballers are men,
perhaps because many women have been
conditioned to be non-competitive and non-
But men can be almost obsessive about
the game. Some stare with thin-lipped
concentration, their eyes as steely as the
ball. Others jerk and twist, stretch up on tiptoe and crouch, trying to force the ball to
score more with body-assisted mind power.
Once the first quarter is in the machine
PINBALL FASCINATION . .. "buzzers and bells"
and you've missed the free game by only
23,000 points, it's hard to stop. There always
seems to be one more quarter to spend, one
more try at raising your score.
It's a game that assaults the senses of
sight and sound and requires the tactile
skills of expert flipper play. With a cigarette
and a Coke near at hand you can excite
every sense, like being in a carnival that's
burning down.
And, if you can concentrate through the
massive distraction that the machine
throws at you, you can become a pinball
wizard, always getting the replay, attached
forever to the noise and light and the
gleaming silver ball.
Poetry lacking
Whitlathe Walrus is a small anthology of
poems by S. A. Newton. The poems are
pleasant and entertaining but lack an
emotional depth because they have
generalized a poetic experience.
Newton is a high school teacher in North
Vancouver and Whitlathe Walrus is his first
book of poetry. He couldn't find a Canadian
publisher for this anthology although most
of his poems had already appeared in such
influential periodicals as the Canadian
Forum, The San Francisco Quarterly, The
Citizen Wenner congratulates himself
In Orson Welles' Citizen Kane there is an
important scene where Jed Leland confronts Charles Foster Kane with the
Declaration of Principles which the
newspaper magnate had published when he
was starting but.
Leland returned the original Declaration
because Kane had lost sight of his principles
and goals.
If Ralph J. Gleason were still alive it is
conceivable that he may have had a similar
confrontation with Jann Wenner after
seeing the 10th Anniversary of Rolling Stone
magazine which was televised last Friday
night on NBC.
The two-hour program was not only one of
the worst shows of the television season. It
was also the most obvious example of how
much Rolling Stone has changed in the past
three years.
There is little similarity now to the
magazine which Gleason and Wenner co-
founded 10 years ago in San Francisco.
David Crosby, John Lennon and George
McGovern have been banished from the
cover and replaced by Donny Osmond,
Princess Caroline and Jack Ford. Caroline
Onassis writes about Elvis and sooner or
later Margaret Trudeau will be taking
Rolling Stone used to do investigative and
scathing articles about subjects like
Altamont, the Mel Lyman family, the
Chicago Conspiracy trial and the 1972
Presidential campaign.
Now Wenner runs Tom Hayden's poorly
researched expose of the Jimmy Carter Tri-
Lateral Commission connections months
after Carter has been elected, and endorsed
by the magazine.
But a look at the guest list of the television
special really points out the sad decline of
Rolling Stone.
For this 10th anniversary celebration
Wenner could not convince even one important rock star, writer or politician to
The best he could manage were Gladys
Knight, Bette Middler, Jim Messina, Art
Garfunkel and Richie Havens, not exactly
the heavyweights of the industry.
The only semi-political personality was
Los Angeles Police Chief Ed Davis. Once the
object of considerable criticism from the
magazine Davis was given a 30-second film
clip to explain how he likes Joan Baez's
music but not her lyrics. Heavy Jann.
Lesley Ann Warren did an "interpretive"
dance to the Eagles' Life in the Fast Lane
(performed by an unknown band) and
Martin Sheen gave a short dramatic reading
about a Vietnam deserter.
There was even a tribute to the Beatles
which rivalled the Tony Randall, Diane
Carroll Beatles show the night before for
originality and taste.
Donny Osmond even made a cameo appearance as Jann Wenner! Is that
The television program is only one of
many examples of the radical changes
Wenner has undergone.
Others are his decision to move the
Rolling Stone office from San Francisco to
New York, hiring Jack Ford and William
Randolph Hearst III to edit Outside
magazine, and his intention to run for the
Wenner has stated several times in the
past few years that he hopes to become a
senator. That is why Rolling Stone no longer
attacks the financial and political institutions the way it used to.
That also is why the magazine has shifted
its emphasis to the mainstream of pop and it
explains why writers such as Lester Bangs,
John Mendolsohn and Paul Krassner are no
longer found on its pages. It also explains
why Truman Capote and John Dean are.
During the Wenner/Gleason years Rolling
Stone was one of the most vital and important magazines appearing in the United
States, rivalled only by Crawdaddy and
But when Gleason died it lost its conscience. Left alone and unchecked at the
editor's desk Wenner has turned the
magazine into a hip Time magazine. The
only difference is that its content is less
If Wenner wants to hobnob with the
beautiful people and big-time politicos,
that's his business. But when he still
pretends that Rolling Stone is a courageous
and gutsy publication, it becomes the
business of all the readers of old who really
believed Wenner when he stated in 1967 that
his magazine would try to reflect the views
of the counter-culture.
Well that counter-culture, whatever it
was, is dead. It was killed in part by people
like Wenner and Ben Fong-Torres who were
so easily won over to money, power and
The final nail in the coffin was the 10th
anniversary program. It was everything
Rolling Stone would have criticized even
five years ago. But there was Jann Wenner's
name listed as co-producer and script
No doubt we can now expect a Dean
Martin roast for Wenner starring Don
Rickles and Charlton Heston. And perhaps
next season Wenner will produce several
specials for ABC's Wide World of Entertainment featuring him, several out-of-
work comics, and lots of pretty girls.
Ralph G. Gleason is one of my heroes but
I'm glad he's dead. I wouldn't have wanted
him to see how Jann Wenner became
Charles Foster Kane.
West Coast Review and The Year Book of
Modern Poetry. Finally, the book was
printed in New York by New Rivers Press.
Newton said in a telephone interview that
while he was serious about his poetry, he did
not think of himself as a writer. "Once I
found I was too much concerned about
Unfortunately it is that very self concern
that separates good writers from mediocre
ones. The poetic voice in a poem must give
us the writer's emotional response to the
experience that he or she is describing.
Newton's poems generalize experience and
leave us with a bald pronouncement on life
without the authority of one individual's
special images and sentiments.
If art can be said to be any one thing then
it is a movement where an artist takes risks
with the work and moves into descriptions of
areas that are ddifficult to express or even
understand. There is none of that excitement in these poems and none of that
danger. Whitlathe Walrus is a small
collection of whimsical and innocuous love
Newton's best poems are the ones where
the poetic form can carry the idea or feeling
that he is expressing. These poems are short
and capture a mood. One of these poems is
Roker where the poet's images have geen
given names such as "Barb", "bistro", and
natural and convey a feeling because they
are image specific.
used to dance
in a glass cage
for a bistro
it was only natural
that she would
get around to me.
There are also black and white prints in
Whitlathe Walrus on pages opposite to some
of the poems. The prints are of paintings
done by Van Gogh and Breughel and while
they are attractively transposed, they^seem
inappropriate for the poems. Some of Van
Gogh's prints are far too passionate to offset
the poems on the other side of the page.
Newton's poetry lacks a sense of changing
time and movement. The poet seems to be
have already decided what each experience
meant, line by line, before he has even
written the poem. His poems become
generalizations and flat. They never
transcend argument or philosophical
Page Friday, 4
Friday, December 2, 1977 '&mly'Wii^i^.
Romantics sought perfection of mind
Romantic. In modern usage, the word has
a derogatory connotation. Apply it to a
person and he or she is one who has lost
touch with reality — one who avoids
anything concrete or real and prefers the
realm of fantasy.
The word could also be equated to sen-
timentalism as in the phrase "Romantic
Love." Again derogatory, the word connotates sloppy exaggerated emotionalism.
But applied in an historical sense,
Romanticism refers to the period in Europe
between the years 1780 and 1830. The word
describes an entire way of thinking, of
seeing the world, that by no means carries
the negative implications of its modern
A definition of Romanticism is difficult
and by no means could be achieved in an
article of this length. In its broadest sense,
Romanticism's meaning seems elusive, and
all that can be pinned down is the parts. It is
a state of mind which involves the total man,
both the emotions and the intellect.
Its subject matter is man, his unique
power of imagination and creation, and his
misuse of that power.
Perhaps the best exploration of the ideas
of Romanticism to date, was carried out by
a group of English poets who are often
referred to as the Great Romantics. These
six men are well known in literature as
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats,
William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, Percy
Bysshe Shelley, and William Blake.
What is evident in the works of all of these
men, is a curious special quality in the way
they saw things. Popular conceptions of
what the Romantics were concerned with
range from the love of nature, the escape
from reality into the past, and simple
While these are all aspects of Romantic
poetry, they are merely the parts, not the
whole. Nature, the past, and self-
centredness are merely means to communicate with it.
Nor are these attributes peculiar to the
Romantic period. The Eighteenth Century
writers, (Pope, Johnson, Swift) occasionally
speak of nature though they never match the
abandoned praise that is seen in the
Romantics. As the great age approaches,
however, nature begins to teach something
to the poets rather than being a mere
pleasant distraction.
In his poem, Tintern Abbey, William
Wordsworth reflects on the evils of urban
life, but more importantly, uses nature as a
means for self discovery.
The poem is about his changing
relationship with nature, from the unaware
observor to the "beauty bewildered" youth,
to the nature man who can feel the spirit of
nature and its relationship to all things,
including his own soul.
Emotionalism is indeed existent in
Romantic poetry, but it is never present for
its own sake, as in Eighteenth century
writing. When emotionalism was used, it
was always with a higher purpose such as
political or social commentary.
The other charge the Romatics face is
their escape into the past. While much of the
poetry uses old settings, or language, the
ultimate goal is to communicate modern
ideals of the age. Shelley's play Prometheus
Unbound based on the Greek myth presents
a new conception of God and a new way of
overcoming human evils.
The transition from the writers of the
Eighteenth Century to the Romantic age,
can be seen by the socio-political changes in
England at the time. The Industrial
Revolution and science were combining to
force a redefinition of the conventional
manner of English life. John Locke's
philosophy of the Understanding, where the
mind is a logic-based, functional muscle,
was being countered by Emmanuel Kant's
ideas that the mind is capable of reaching
truths which logic cannot support. And the
rigid social attitudes of the time were being
challenged by the so-called classless
societies of France and America. The
change was to a more humanistic attitude
and greater respect for the individual.
So Romanticism is not just a love for
nature, emotionalism or escapism. There is
one important factor, however, which
serves as the basis for the difference of
these conceptions between the Eighteenth
and Romantic Periods. That factor is simply
a new awareness of the power of the human
This awareness makes the assumption
that God has bestowed upon man gifts which
are attributes of His own being. Thus within
man lies the challenge of realizing the
potential of these gifts and developing their
potential. Within man also lies the ability to
communicate these gifts in the form of art
and thus take part in the act of creation.
In this sense, the Romantics saw man,
with this gift of imagination, as a rival or
complement of God. Man is god-like, they
would say, if he can realize the power that
lies within.
No other view of man is capable of attaining the most out-of-human potential. It
is ultimately fatalistic to see an outer alien
power controlling human existence. The
power lies within man to see the divine
power within himself.
It is easy to see, then, why there was such
an outburst of creative activity over the
short span of approximately 50 years. The
Romantic view of man inspired the paths to
explore new areas of the mind and heart,
which was only begun in the art and
literature of the Renaissance. Shakespeare,
It is important to understand that all
things are created within the mind of man.
The Romantic poets believed in the Unity of
the universe, that each object or person has
a presence or spirit that is connected with
all other objects or persons. But this is only
so because the unity is found within the
Coleridge's poem, The Rime of the
Ancient Mariner, shows an example of this
understanding. The Mariner, an ethereal,
wizened old man has been isolated in a ship
on a deadly still sea. He is confronted by
different visitations of spirits and sea life. In
one instance, the Mariner sees a group of
slimy sea snakes writhing and twisting
around his ship.
He is first repulsed by the ugliness of the
snakes, but in a short while he sees them as
beautiful creatures which are part of a
divine totality of the universe. This change
has taken place in the mind of the Mariner,
not any physical change in the snakes. All
reality is in the imagination when it is inspired.
The Romantic concern for how the mind
works parallels many popular philosophies
of the modern world. The Zen experience of
"satori" is an example. Alan Watts, in his
essay This is It, describes satori as a
glimpse of a reality where "the immediate
NOW, whatever its nature, is the goal and
fulfillment of all living things.
"Surrounding and flowing from this insight is an emotional ecstacy, a sense of
intense relief, freedom and lightness, and
often of almost unbearable love for the
world, though this is secondary."
Romantic Poetry is full of such experiences.
Even the jargon of the advocates of LSD
resembles the language of the Romantics.
The term, "psychedelic," which is applied
to any conscious-altering drug, means
"mind manifesting."
Central to the Romantic theories of man is
the dynamic quality of the mind. William
Blake, in much of his poetry is concerned
with the alternating states of mind between
Innocence and Experience.
Innocence is a state where the mind is at
peace with the external realities of the
world. The mind accepts and believes, loves
and trusts the universe. Experience is the
opposite. In this state, the mind feels
betrayed, it hates, suffers and rejects the
universe. There is no meaning in life.
But the mind passes through this period of
suffering by reconciling the forces of good
and evil and completing the cycle back into
a state of Innocence. This is a higher state of
innocence where the mind has transcended
the opposites which led to the suffering. The
minds continues in this cycle throughout its
Perhaps the cycle may seem distant to the
reader. Seen in the broadest sense, it appears in the development from child to
adolescence and into maturity. But on a
daily level, the cycle may be seen in the
anxiety of entering a Christmas exam, and
the feeling of relief and well-being if the
exam is written effectively. It is only
through constant challenge that growth can
occur. "Without Contraries," says Blake,
"there is no progression."
In the discovery of the power of the mind,
the Romantics experienced a joy of living
which came only when the heart and head,
emotion and intellect functioned in a stable,
even harmony. The Romantics penned their
thoughts in such delight and confidence that
even when depressed, they recorded a
glimpse at the positive spirit of man.
ANCIENT MARINER . . . And a thousand thousand slimy things lived on; and so did I.
Comissiona conducts with guts
Sergiu Commissiona guest-conducted the
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra last week
in performances which were often electrifying in their impact. This was unfortunately counterbalanced by the fact that
the tremendous spirit which pervaded one
work would be lacking in another.
Comissiona's present position is that of
music director and conductor of the
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra. He
originally came from Romania and has held
various conducting posts in Europe, .the
Middle East and North America. And, as is
evidenced by his appearance in Vancouver,
he also has time to guest conduct a number
of orchestras throughout the year.
Berlioz' Le Corsaire Overture opened the
program, receiving a performance which
sizzled and scorched. It must have literally
fried the socks off even the most musically
inert concert-goer in the entire Orpheum
Theatre. The whole orchestra sounded as
though they had been threatened with loss of
their jobs if the performance lacked conviction.
Next came Debussy's Nocturnes, the most
musically substantial work on the program.
Comissiona demonstrated that he had
achieved a great deal in the way of
refinement with the VSO in the few
rehearsals he had had with it.
Nuages and Fetes (the first two Nocturnes) are, respectively, quite placid and
extremely lively. Some of Debussy's most
ingenious touches of subtle, delicate and
original orchestral timbres are to be found
in them.
The orchestra rendered many of these
with an unusually high level of sensitivity
and control. The delicate shadings and
nuances were all  perfectly  audible  and
extremely well executed. The VSO has
rarely exhibited such lovely playing.
In the final Nocturne, Sirenes, the VSO
was joined by the Women's Chorus of the
Vancouver Bach Choir. The failure of
Sirenes is mainly Debussy's responsibility,
not that of the performers.
In Debussy's own words, "Sirenes depicts
the sea and its countless rhythms" and the
female voices represent "the mysterious
song of the Sirenes as they laugh and pass
Behind the delicate nuance and subtly
shifting orchestral colors, the women's
voices sing no words, only "aah" in a supposedly haunting, veiled wash of sound.
Actually, it sounds rather silly. It is almost
tautological to use women's voices to depict
the voices of the Sirenes. Fortunately,
Debussy rarely stoops to such a level of
literal representation in his works.
Anyway, the WC of the VBC aahed a little
too prominently for the distant, mysterious
effect which Debussy obviously intended.
But that was about the only fault. If the choir
sounded bored, that was excusable — it is a
boring movement — especially as they had
to stand idle for 15 minutes before they
Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 2 "Little
Russian" concluded the rather short
program. It is called that because of the
number of folk tunes from Little Russia (the
Ukraine) which Tchaikovsky uses in the
It is not played as often as his last three
symphonies but should be. The melodies and
orchestration are as lovely and engaging as
almost anything else he wrote.
After a rather grotesquely rendered
opening horn solo, the orchestra lurched off
to a rather jerky first movement start,
gaining steadiness as it progressed. The
orchestral playing was tight, but alas the
musicians had spent themselves entirely on
the Berlioz and just did not have quite the
requisite verve and elan for the rousing
passages. It was not poor playing but consistently fell shy of the spirit which the
character of the music so often demands.
The delicacy of the second movement
largely escaped the orchestra, too. Balance
was also occasionally a problem with an
overly loud bassoon virtually obliterating
the melody in the first clarinet at the
beginning of the movement.
The third and fourth movements are both
rather boisterous affairs. The third was
handled quite well and the fourth was
superb. But then, it is the grossest
movement of the four.
Plenty of noise and flashy playing was
something immediately comprehensible to
the audience which applauded wildly for a
seeming eternity. Commissiona deemed it
necessary to shake hands with almost
everyone on stage and have them all stand
up and sit down in mock sheepishness. This
alone took up as much time, if not more,
than a much more preferable encore would
Comissiona's conducting has a great deal
of depth to it. The control and refinement he
exhibited in the first two Nocturnes and in
many parts of the Tchaikovsky were
eloquent evidence of this.
The Berlioz Overture was perhaps performed best, that is most in keeping with the
spirit of the music. The other works often
fell short of expectation, especially the
Tchaikovsky, but then how much can a
guest conductor accomplish in only a few
rehearsals with an unfamiliar orchestra?
Friday, December 2, 1977
Page Friday, 5 canadiana
■S jA
I   'l-*$
f   *       *     A-
Dan Hills show better than his records
Dan Hill, one of Canada's newer
folk recording artists, puts the
reviewer in a difficult position.
While it is hard for many critics to
speak favorably of his three
albums to date, Hill's record sales
have been a phenomenal success.
And while his music has not been
critically acclaimed, his live
performances have been.
The result is a chasm between
different opinions. Hill's fans go on
loving him, and his critics go on
hating him.
With four sold out performances
at the Queen Elizabeth Playhouse
last week, and his new album
approaching platinum status, Dan
Hill must be reaching someone.
This was obvious in his concert last
Friday night.
Hill's absorbing personality, his
sense of warmth and spontaneity,
held the audience for the better
half of two hours. From the
moment he walked shyly on stage,
to the tear-wrenching finale of his
current hit, Sometimes When We
Touch, Hill maintained the relaxed
atmosphere he so easily created.
But it was Dan Hill that was
successful, Friday night, not his
When Hill first appeared on the
national music scene three years
ago, his musical talents showed
much promise. Hill's lyrics were
deeply personal and almost
adolescent, but well enunciated.
The mood of the first album was
one of searching for personal
awareness. He grappled with the
themes of first love, growing up in
the 1960s, and his relationship, or
lack of one, with God.
If there was the occasional
glimpse of shallowness or awkwardness, one was prepared to
ignore it for the freshness of a new
talent or the richness of a new
But Hill's growth in lyrics and
tunes has been modest in the
subsequent albums, Hold On and
Longer  Fuse.  While  the   music
seems to have gained in sharpness,
the lyrics hardly seem to have
progressed at all.
Hill still seems to be searching
for something tangible. He still
wrestles with the joy and pain of
love, the fear of growing emptiness, the departure of childhood
and the need to reach out to people.
His overuse of words like
growing, touching, and giving has
led to vagueness, and his meanings
have become unclear. It is
somewhat of a disappointment that
an artist with such initial promise
cannot move forward with more
But here the reviewer must
make an about face and risk
charges of being wishy washy.
Hill's performance Friday night
was good. He communicated the
freshness and spontaneity of his
personality in abundance. The
presence of Hill's boyish personality seemed to fill in the spaces
of the lyrics and make the songs
easier to swallow. His prefacing of
the songs with anecdotes added a
humorous air to the mood of the
He sang selections from all of his
records as well as some new
material. Hill's presence added a
new dimension of honesty to the
songs. One told of his reactions to
success in the music business:
"Still not used to having people pay
to hear me/ Guess I'm still a child
trying hard to please/ trying to
seek approval through my songs."
With   an   underlying   tone   of
cynicism, Hill spoke of his
producers' horror at his recording
a song about his parents called McCarthy's Day. No doubt they will
gasp again when he records his
new song, Little Sister.
Hill wears no masks. His stories
of the leeching that goes on in the
recording business make him one
with the audience by confirming
their worst suspicions. With his
honesty, he has the audience on his
The guest appearance of Barry
Mann, composer of such tunes as
On Broadway and You've Lost
That Lovin' Feeling, was a
pleasant addition to the Friday
concert. It was Mann's first appearance on stage in several years.
His initial nervousness melted into
an easy relaxation and a humorous
awkwardness brought on by the
flattering applause of the
His performance would have
been enhanced with an orchestral
backing to match the loudness of
his voice and the flash of his songs.
He only accompanied himself with
a piano.
Somehow, the final performance
of Sometimes When We Touch
would have been more appealing if
the commercial radio stations
hadn't played out the song. The
only addition was Hill's standing
performance of it, which is
perhaps the first time he has sung
without his guitar.
Quicksilver destroys Ontario Indians
Despair, sentimentality, confusion, disdain and over-all
frustration. These are the feelings
experienced by those whose lives
were destroyed by mercury
poisoning. These too, are the
feelings George Hutchison and
Dick Wallace create in those who
read Grassy Narrows.
Grassy Narrows
By George Hutchison
. and Dick Wallace
Van Nostrand Reinhold
178 pages, $8.95
The inspiration and basis of this
book were born from a series of
investigative reports written for
the London Free Press by Hutchison and Wallace about mercury
pollution of Ontario waterways.
Hutchison offers an objective
presentation of the problems
caused by this mercury pollution
as well as the causes of these
Consequently, readers have an
opportunity to objectively judge
for themselves whether the relief
and understanding given to the
Grassy Narrows pollution victims
was reasonable.
Despite this objectivity, the
reader tends to be inexorably induced toward sensing the stench of
incalculable injustice, negligence
and irresponsibility teeming from
the decaying, rotting corpse of
humanity, of which only a skeleton
Although Hutchison gives accounts of the small business people
who suffered from the pollution, he
focuses more particularly on those
people living on the Grassy
Narrows reservation — the home
of the Ojibway Indians.
Hutchison captures the Indians'
despair as they watch their
cultural heritage being confiscated
from them in the name of
"progress" . . . namely, the
Progressive Conservative party,
the party which formed the Ontario
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provincial government during the
mercury pollution crisis.
The incriminating, mocking
statements in Grassy Narrows
about federal and provincial
government actions concerning
mercury pollution and its effects,
are a prime example of Hutchison's objective presentation of
Hutchison simply includes
mocking segments which are
statements made by individual
politicians that refute and contradict other remarks they
themselves made previously. The
result of this objective style is a
story which is told as it was by the
people who made it what it was.
In addition, Hutchison tells how
today the Indians are subject to
ever-increasing social fragmentation and frustration amongst
themselves since the ruination of
their environment.
The authors do not neglect to
reflect that specifically causal of
these disquieting realities is that
the innate intimacy and unity of
the native people with their natural
environment was destroyed
because the environment was
Hutchison in his writing and
analysis of situations is obviously a
master in the art of outlining and
making noticeable to the reader
many simple yet important details
that are often buried under the
complexity of a matter, and
thereby elude the reader. In this
respect alone the book is invaluable.
However, whether particularly
intrigued by the Grassy Narrows
Tragedy — environmental
pollution, destruction to a local
economy, decay of the morale
binding a local native Indian
community in the interest of the
old mighty dollar — or if simply
tuned into viewing a master
marksman of pen and ink hit the
bull's eye or more appropriately
bull —, (none other than the
favorite political arena target)
causing the problems this book
offers much to many.
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Page Friday, 6
Friday, December 2, 1977 4    ■
Warburton fuses poetry, dance
Tessa Warburton is a dancer, but she is
a poet as well.
Her work, seen recently at the Actor's
Workshop in both solo and joint productions,
shows intriguing insights in the two. media.
Moreover, the justaposition which is arrived
at enriches and increases the enjoyment
derived from both.
Tessa Warburton
Poetry-dance performance
Actor's Workshop
February 25 to 29
Her performances are akin to readings.
There is a book that lies open on a stool,
resting, on a draped cloth. Sometimes, she
picks up the book and reads from it.
But there the similarity to poetry ends, for
the book becomes a silent partner in the
dance, an orientation point that reminds the
spectators that they are experiencing a kind
of literature. The book remains silent, but it
seems as if a number of different characters
come spilling out.
The poems become songsheets or the
script of a number of short stories that are
acted out around the book. The book form
becomes a logos of personality from which a
number of facets emerge: the mature
woman, the old woman, the child.
The poems are in a sense songs of innocence and experience, as can be seen
from one particular line: "In my wardrobe I
have red and white. White for the virgin and
red for the whore". Especially poignant was
one of the childhood songs which had these
lyrics: "When I grow I'm going to be a lion".
Warburton's skill as a performer contributed greatly to the natural force of the
poetry. Even though many poets have
something of value to say, their readings
can be hideously marred by the need to
ingore the poet as a physical being.
It doesn't go far as nose-picking, but there
WARBURTON . .. dances poetry and literature
are many distracting elements to be encountered, such as poor voice control and
small fidgety movements. It often turns out
that the man (or woman) you've admired in
print turns out to be a fat slob in person.
Perhaps that is inevitable, but it doesn't
do much for poetry as a live experience.
Tessa Warburton, on the other hand, has a
physical presence that matches her writing
in beauty. Elements of her work become
more alive and convincing because they are
spoken and acted out with conviction.
Other songs were about as profound as
toothpaste jingles, but then profundity is not
what it used to be. One such example went
like this: "The bell curve, the bell curve, it
really is a swell curve." Catchy tune, isn't
it? It's the first dance performance I've ever
been to where the audience remained in the
lobby afterwards, singing the music that
was performed.
The dance was just as captivating and
unconventional as the rest of the performance. Wearing a long white dress and
white blouse, Tessa Warburton showed a
captivating ability to beclme the characters
who spoke the words of her poems. She
showed a tension that swept away any
doubts as to who that person was.
Warburton teaches dance at the Actor's
Workshop, but few of the standardized
classical and modern forms show in her
performance work. When asked about this,
she explained that the poetry included in her
performance requires dance forms that are
unconventional "It would spoil the effect if
you could, for example, spot an arabesque,"
she said. At the level at which she works, the
use of recognizable forms would only
In some ways, the performance seemed
too long, even though it lasted only an hour.
It was composed of many short pieces that
made the performance like a rich dessert
difficult to digest. Of course, Warburton did
the presentation alone, which perhaps made
for the impression of length.
In a move that perhaps threatens to make
the critic's job redundant, Tessa Warburton
distributed sheets somewhat like teacher
evaluation forms after the performance.
The idea, astounding in simplicity and
originality, was to learn what the audience
thought of it.
Warburton is now in the process of
directing a play. It is hoped this should give
her freedom to better develop the ability and
insight already shown.
When the right to disagree becomes a crime
A man who refuses to take a bath is a
dissenter. He does not go along with
society's opinion that bathing is polite and
civilized. Other members of society may try
and reason with this smelly fellow, but there
is no law that says he must bathe. The only
way society may protest this breach of
conformity is to avoid his company.
However, most societies set out to enforce
their more important opinions, so they make
laws and invest in a government.
Sometimes men chose to disagree with these
ethics and laws. This is dissent as we know
Punishable dissent, or rather dissent
which authorizes the government to take
action against the offender, exists in North
America as well as in the USSR. But the
similarity ends there. It is much easier to be
punished for dissent in the USSR. Russian
dissenters do not resemble the North
American brand in any way. There are few
places on earth where dissenters are
punished   so severely as in the USSR.
The actual crime with which dissenters
are usually charged is treason. This may
entail such things as distributing anti-Soviet
propaganda, attempting to create a hostile
Soviet body — or attempting to undermine
the territorial inviolability of the USSR. And
if the dissenters are not guilty of treason,
they can always be declared insane.
Consider the deeds for which dissenters
are punished. A man is given 15 years for
giving Solzhenitsyn access to information on
the First World War. A student is sent to a
psychiatric hospital after serving a prison
term for reading nationalistic brochures in
the 10th grade. A man is given 10 years for
saying that the US has wonderful roads.
People who had been in the west and were
freed from German prison camps by the
Americans were given 10 years. Finally, a
man is declared insane after telling jokes
about Krushchev.
Now consider the fact that these dissenters are scientists, writers,
mathematicians, musicians, teachers,
communists, KGB investigators and high-
school students.
The are divided into three groups: Par-
ticpiants in national liberation movements
like Ukrainians, Estonians, Lithuanians and
Latvians; people charged for their activities; and those charged for their words.
Apart from the fact that most of them are
educated people, they seem to have a rather
unique attitude toward what they are doing.
Theirs is amoral, rather than a physical
revolution, a non-violent, ideological
In North America, dissidents are jailed
because they kidnap and kill. In the USSR,
dissidents rarely wield arms. They hope to
change things by the integrity of their actions and the truths they stand for, rather
than by the use of brute force.
Solshenitsyn believes that a system that is
based on an ideology must soon fall apart
when that ideology is rejected. But that
remains to be seen.
western book reviews sent him or the Nobel
prize money he won. He was expelled from
the Writers Union and his books were
But this sort of thing is kid's stuff compared with actual imprisonment. All of us
are aware of the horrors of the prison camp
during Stalin's time when hundreds of
thousands perished building a canal that
was never used. The frozen corpses were
stacked around the tents all winter, and the
men worked extra shifts to buy themselves
coffins. According to recent interviews with
prisoners, men are still being exhausted
with cold, hunger and hard work.
The meetings with relatives which are
permitted twice yearly are either supervised or bugged. Letters are held up for
months and often destroyed. T isoners are
A student is sent to prison
for reading nationalistic
brochures in the tenth grade
Russian dissidents risk more and suffer
more than others of their like, and yet they
persist. They protest with the full knowledge
of where their actions may lead them,
because their convictions mean more to
them than comfort and security. In the
words of one nationalist, "It is not easy for
anybody to stay behind bars. But it is even
more difficult to be ashamed of oneself."
The mildest sort of punishment for dissent
is petty harrassment by the KBG. A cellist is
denied access to radio, TV, concerts and
contact with other musicians for writing an
open letter about the state of the arts in the
USSR. His phone is bugged, and when the
tape runs out at the KGB, the conversation
is suspended until it is replaced. Cars are
attacked and stolen, and friends receive
offensive anonymous letters.
Even Solzhenitsyn  never  received the
forbidden to write about camp life, fellow
prisoners or their poor state of health.
A more modern form of punishment is the
mental institution. This method is convenient because it denies dissidents their
freedom for an unlimited length of time, it
keeps them isolated, hinders legal
proceedings and facilitates the use of
psycho-pharmacological re-education. But
most of all, imprisonment in a mental institution makes the dissident an object of
distrust upon release and discredits his
ideas and actions.
When the KGB decides that criminal
proceedings are inconvenient, they compel
the medical establishment to investigate a
suspect's mental health. Otherwise, the
dissident may be made subject to investigation after the criminal proceedings.
During the investigation a patient may be
kept in a cell where his behavior will be
affected by isolation, anxiety, psychological
pressure from the investigator and the
certainty that his cell mate is an informer.
In 1975, 7,000 persons were forcibly confined in mental institutions, but the Soviets
say they can justify this. They believe that
crime, a result of the social disharmony
which occurs in capitalistic societies, should
not occur in a Communist society. If it does,
is abnormal and merits psychiatric
Dissidents are most often diagnosed as
suffering from Creeping Schizophrenia or
Paranoid Development of fhe Personality.
The symptons of the first are propensity for
conflict, desire for self-assertion, the
rejection of traditional opinions manifested
in unsociability, pessimism, melancholy,
stubborness and suspicionsness. In the
words of the Soviets, "Ideas of fighting
for truth and justice most frequently arise
in personalities with a paranoid structure. A
characteristic feature is the conviction of
the individual's own rightness, and obsession with asserting his trampled rights
In western countries dissenting opinions
are heard and most often tolerated. This is
part of the basis for freedom of speech. If an
opinion is wrong, we are free to disagree. If
it is right, society can only gain.
How ironic it is then, that the USSR, a
nation founded on propoganda,
assassination and other forms of dissent, is
now the most intolerant to conformity.
Why do the Soviets consider dissent a
greater threat to the regime than we do?
Why are political prisoners labelled 'extremely dangerous'? Why has there not
been a single amnesty of a political
prisoner, while hundreds of other criminals
have been set free?
Perhaps it is the severe measures against
dissent in the Soviet Union that make
Russian dissidents the brave men that they
are. But their suffering may be in vain, for
1984 happened a long time ago in the USSR.
Sixty years ago, last month, the Bolsheviks
seized power.
Friday, December 2, 1977
Page Friday, 7 books
Toronto book does city an injustice
Toronto in words and pictures is
the ideal cure for the latent insomniac. Instant snores are
guaranteed, even for the most
loyal Torontonians. In every
aspect, the book's contents can
produce side effects of boredom
and nausea. The pages should be
deemed hazardous to one's health.
The photographs exude the attitude of the photographer on his
first arrival in Toronto. He
declared in 1965 that' "the city
seemed anything but exciting
compared with the European cities
I visited."
Toronto in words and pictures
By   William  Kilbourn   and   Rudi
McClelland and Stewart $27.50
In his 12 years living in the city,
one would think he only visited on
weekends or else never left his
home to explore. The book gives
the impression of being flung
together on a dull Sunday afternoon, lacking any cohesion or
basic common sense. The
photographs give a very poor representation of the city as a whole.
In an attempt to capture
Toronto's sports activities, a far-
off view of Maple Leaf Gardens
interior is supposed to culminate
exciting hockey action on ice. After
all, no one's heard of the Maple
Leafs or the Toros anyway. Why
concentrate on the teams that play
the sport?
The Royal Ontario Museum, a
well-known and fascinating place
to visit is portrayed by an utterly
boring black and white exhibit of
some dreary dinosaur skeletons.
The photograph hardly does justice
to the wonders the museum has to
Trying to discover Toronto's
character in this book's
photographs is like looking in a
telephone directory for a forgotten
name; you know it's there and
you've seen it, but it's impossible
to find. If the photographer is indeed trying to be innovative by not
taking the typical cliche shots of
Toronto, he has succeeded. Instead, he replaces them with
mundane variety; a black cat on a
veranda, two youngsters in tacky
Hallowe'en gear, and a grubby
little girl perched behind a picket
fence. Are rows of black snow
fences relevant to the image of
The photographer appears to be
trying to convince us that in actuality Toronto is an exciting and
vibrant place to live. But his daring
shots at different angles with
special effects provide a strong
sense of superficiality. The true
character of Toronto is totally
The special effect photographs
are downright tacky at times.
Superimposing  the   Boer  War
Memorial onto the centre of
University Avenue Boulevard
destroys any quality either spot
might hold. In other special effects, lights are streaked over and
around the white domed theatre,
the Cinesphere, detracting from
the structure's simplicity and
beauty. The result is purely
distasteful; the nauseating caption
for this one is "Cinesphere at
Ontario Place seems to float lightly
on the water like a bubble."
The photographer seems absorbed in his own camera trickery,
in practice for Kodak commercials. His lens sees only the
outside layer, and never reveals
what lies beneath. Toronto's moods
and charm completely escape his
Outward appearances mean
everything to him and his works
would be a materialist's dream. A
shiny Rolls Royce stands parked
before a spacious shuttered
mansion in Forest Hills. Spangled
strippers in dressing room setting
receive a two-page spread. A large
emphasis is given to Toronto's new
Eaton's Centre, a massive superstructure that spells millions. The
phtographer appears fascinated
by the architecture and design of
Osgoode Hall, home of the Law
Society   of   Upper   Canada   and
formerly the province's oldest law
school. But what of the courts, and
activities that go on within the
As if to check himself after this
display of exterior adoration, the
photographer throws in a bit of
culture with corny shots of old Fort
York and Black Creek pioneer
He has failed drastically in
portraying Toronto as "one of the
most rapidly and imaginatively
growing cities in the world." The
reason that Toronto can be a
fascinating place to live is not
because it has a 52-storey building,
the tallest freestanding structure
in the world and countless
The big TO is a city of multi-
cultures, of the media, Yonge
Street and a variety of homes,
people, and a cross-section of life
styles. Yet none of these elements
is portrayed with due respect. The
closest hint of ethnic spirit is immigrants posing at Kensington
Market, a pic of Sai Woo
restaurant in Chinatown and
several foreign retail dives.
After three years of work and
thousands of photographs, a
disjointed image of Toronto
emerges   with   a   flimsy   cross-
the grin bin
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section that weakly skims the
surface of the great city.
Human element pictures consist
of drunks flaked out on park
benches, a token couple in a
flowered park and several juvenile
shots. A withered bum surrounded
by pigeons is in blatant contrast
with a tuxedo-clad young man on a
skateboard at City Hall.
There is not a shot of the single
event which represents summer to
so many thousands of Torontonians
— the Canadian National
Exhibition. A national event of
exhibits, concerts and Midway
amusements, becomes a forgotten
realm; no typical night shot of the
roller coaster ride is even included.
There are some effective shots;
the cover picture of the skyline at
sunset, a wintry natural scene of
the Scarborough bluffs with
Canada geese and a frozen
Humber River. A misty setting of
St. James cemetery by moonlight
is effective, but how meaningful is
it to the total picture of Toronto?
The pictures can appear too
postcard perfect at times.
Why include a double color
spread of railway tracks? Surely
Toronto offers more than iron
spikes. Similarly, out of countless
popular restaurants, night spots
and taverns, why is Brandy's
represented, with a group of jovial
Text and photographs are not
arranged in a meaningful order,
and photo captions are clumped
together in large sections. If
descriptions were interspersed
with the pictures, it would greatly
enhance the book's contents. Instead, photographs appear in no
recognizable sequence, without
any apparent underlying theme.
Background notes are not aimed
at serious historians, but give just
enough information to warrant
interest. The text makes up for the
photographs somewhat in its light,
informal style.
Various poems and literary
extracts give an added dimension
to the written chapters. However,
the poem The Hanging Gardens of
Etobicoke of grade eight literary
quality, does small justice to its
inhabitants and only adds to the
already disdainful attitude most
Toronto residents hold toward the
"The    movie   everyone   is   talking   about   is
'Starwars' " — Les wedman. Sun
Starring Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford,
Carrie Fisher, Peter Cushing and Alec.
Guinness. '     ~
12:15, 2:35, 4:55, 7:15, 9:35.
Sunday 2:35, 4:55, 7:15, 9:35
ODEON Shows at
CAMBIE at 18th 881   GRANVILLE
PARK Shows at 7:30 - 9:30 876-2747 682-7468
^h^Lm-o0      Occasional violence - B.C. Director
CORONET shows at 12:20,2:50,5:05,
^ 7:20, 9:30	
i r\. . l . \ >_71 _
Rffmn     Warning: Occasional suggestive scenes
■uMI'IiH     & djalogue. B.C. Dir.
Showtimes:     12:00,    2:05,    3:50,    5:55,    7:45,
9:55. Sunday from 2:05,, i .    ....
DEC. 2-3
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SHOWS AT 7:30 - 9:30
CAMBIE at 18th
Warning: some
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language.-B.C.Dir.   Mature
4375  W. 10th
Page Friday, 8
Friday, December 2, 1977 4'
Beatles quiz winners get tickets to ride
This week, the Ubyssey office was
flooded by responses to the Beatles Magical
Mystery Quiz. Even though nobody got all
the answers, the staffers were astounded by
the wealth of Beatles information that exists
"out there". We were pleasantly surprised.
We would like to thank all those who
replied, and epsecially the winners.
Karen Jang answered all of 42 of the
questions, earning herself two tickets to The
History of the Beatles film at the Hollywood
theatre. Runner up Stuart Tufts and Rob
Whittome each received one ticked to the
film as well for their equally competent
Wasn't it a great film, folks?
1.) Ringo Starr visited Vancouver
2.) The Beatles' hometown was Liverpool.
3.) The Beatles arrived in North America
in 1946.
4.) Brian Epstein was the Beatles first
5.) John Lennon has landed immigrant
6.) The song, Doctor Robert talks of Bob
7.) Harold Wilson and Edward Heath are
the two British politicians referred to in the
song Tax man.
8.) The Beatles performed several times
in the German city of Hamburg before they
were known internationally.
9.) Strawberry Fields was recorded in two
keys. A major and Ab major. A fast track
was slowed down on the final version, and a
slow track was speeded up.
10.) The background chorus in Girl
chants, "Tit, tit, tit, tit. . ."
11.) The song on the flip side of the single
version of Let It Be is You Know My Name
(Look Up My Number). The flip side of Lady
Madonna is a Harrison composition called,
The Inner Light.
12.) The first song George Harris wrote
for the  Beatles  was  Don't  Bother  Me,
(although Harrison and Lennon
collaborated on a song called Cry for a
Shadow which can be heard on the Very
Together album.)
13.) Ringo Starr left Rory Storme and the
Hurricanes to join the Beatles.
14.) The Beatles appeared on stage with
Tony Sheridan and the Beat Boys and Cilff
Richard and the Shadows in Hamburg.
15.) John Lennon was sued for plagiarism
for stealing the lines "Here come old flat
top, He come groovin' up slowly," from the
Chuck Berry song, You Can't Catch Me.
16.) The Beatles first tried acid in 1965 in
London. Lennon and Harrison were given
LSD without their knowing it at a dinner
party. A dentist gave it to them.
17.) The song Hello, Goodbye refers to
Brian Epstein.
18.) John Lennon appeared in How I Won
the War by himself.
19.) Ringo Starr's first movie without the
other Beatles was Candy.
20.) The introduction to the Glen Miller
song, In the Mood is played at the end of All
You Need is Love.
21.) John, in the Royal Command Performance, said, "The ones in the cheap
seats clap your hands, the rest of you just
rattle your jewelry."
22.) John copied the words of Being for the
Benefit of Mr. Kite directly from a poster.
Not one word was really his.
23.) Ringo Starr is the oldest Beatle by
three months. He is 37. John is the next
oldest at 37 as well. Paul is 35, and George is
the youngest at 34.
24.) The famous river that flows through
Liverpool is called The Mersey. The sound
of the British Invasion of Rock groups in the
early 1960s was identified as the Mersey
25.) The Beatles appeared on Capitol
records in the United States.  -
26.) George Martin produced the Beatles
for several years.
27.) The five Beatles movies were:
1.) Hard Day's Night
2.) Help!
3.) Magical Mystery Tour
4.) Yellow Submarine
5.) Let it Be
28.) The Ed Sullivan Show introduced the
Beatles to North America.
29.) The last Beatles album ever to appear
was Let it Be not counting later compilations of previously released songs, such
as Hey Jude and Rock and Roll.
30.) Ten Beatles songs with women's
names in them:
1.) Dear Prudence
2.) Julia
3.) Martha My dear
4.) Sexy Sadie
5.) Polythene Pam
6.) Lovely Rita
7.) Anna (Go With Him)
8.) Michelle
9.) Dizzy Miss Lizzy
10.) Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds etc.
31.) The original bass player for the
Beatles was Stu Sutcliffe.
32.) The Beatles played in the Star Club,
the Casbah, the Top Ten Club, and the
Kaiser Keller in Hamburg. These clubs
were all located in the Reeper Bahn area of
33.) Ringo wrote two songs for the
Beatles: Octopus' Garden and Donet Pass
Me By.
34.) Angelo Mysterioso is the psuedonym
George Harrison used for playing lead
guitar on the Cream song, Badge. It was
used because his contract obligations
prevented use of his name on another record
35.) The Walrus is really John Lennon,
despite what he says in his song, Glass
36.) Paul McCartney met Linda in the
same way Steve Stills, Mike Bloomfield,
Eric Clapton, and David Crosby met her.
She was Rock Photographer cum groupie
who had a unique hobby besides pictures.
37.) There is some disagreement as to who
put together Revolution #9, since Lennon
claims he did it, but Harrison testifies that it
was Paul. Who would you rather believe? A
self proclaimed genius, or a materialist?
38.) George Harrison wrote Here Comes
the Sun in Eric Clapton's back yard.
39.) Strawberry Fields is a Children's
hospital outside of Liverpool.
40.) The original title of Sexy Sadie was
Maharishi. It was written by John Lennon at
an ashram when he was with the maharishi.
Interchange the two titles, and you will see
the resentment Lennon felt for the
Maharishi at the time. "You made a fool of
everyone. . ."
41.) Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds refers
to a painting that John Lennon's son Julian
made of his playmate, Lucy.
42.) Lennon claims he said "Cranberry
Sauce", instead of "I bury Paul" at the end
of Strawberry Fields.
43.) "Sit ye down, father. Bless you." from
Shakespeare's King Lear, are spoken at the
end of I am the Walrus.
44.) Paul introduces the songs I Saw Her
Standing There, and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely
Hearts Club Band (Reprise) with a supercharged "ONE, two, three, four!" or "ONE,
two, three, fuck!" according to the Rolling
Stone Illustrated History of Rock 'n' Roll.
45.) Ten clues to Paul's so-called death:
1.) Paul wears a black rose on the Magical
Mystery Tour album. The others wear red.
2.) Paul is out of step on the Abbey Road
album cover.
3.) A car on the Abbey Road album cover
has a licence plate with the numbers 28 IF.
Paul would have been 28 if he had lived.
4.) Paul is barefoot on Abbey Road.
5.) Paul has his back turned on the back of
the Sgt. Pepper's album.
6.) There is a hand over his head on the Sgt.
Pepper's cover.
7.) They are supposedly posing in front of his
8.) A sign saying "I was" appears in front of
Major McCartney in Magical Mystery Tour.
9.) John says, "I bury Paul" at the end of
Strawberry Fields.
10.) If you play Revolution #9 backwards, a
voice says "Turn me on, deadman".
46.) The phone number on the cover of
Magical Mystery Tour is the reverse image
of the title of the album. Phoning it in New
York supposedly gave clues to Paul's death.
The number is 894-7438.
47.) Paul plays the left-handed guitar.
48.) The Beatles refuse to record John
Lennon's song Cold Turkey. It appeared as a
John Lennon single in 1970.
49.) The lead guitar on While My Guitar
Gently Weeps is played by Eric Clapton.
50.) The Cast Iron Shorre is a Liverpool
landmark which appears in John Lennon's
song, Glass Onion.
51.) There are two references to Edgar
Allen Poe in the collected works of the
Beatles. The first one is a picture of him on
the cover of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts
Club Band. He is in the top row, eight from
the left. The second reference to this early
American writer is in the song I am the
Walrus: "Elementary Penguin singing
Hare Krishna, man you should have seen
them kicking Edgar Allen Poe*."
52.) Pete Best sacked because of all those
problems listed in the question. The answer
is e) All of the above.
53.) Johnny Weismuller is the former
Olympic swimmer that appears on the cover
of Sgt. Peppers. He is also known for his
movie role as Tarzan in the early 1930s.
53.) "Waiting for the van to come," from I
am the Walrus was originally "Waiting for
the man to come." The change was prompted by Hunter Davies, the authorized
biographer for the Beatles.
Friday, December 2, 1977
Page Friday, S books
Cadavers for sale?
It has been said that Vance
Packard makes his living by
scaring people. While this is true,
in The People Shapers, Packard
puts forth the valid thesis that
potentially harmful scientific
research is taking place because
sheer fascination with experimentation has outstripped
moral imagination.
The People Shapers
By Vance Packard
Little, Brown and Co., 356 pages
Packard, a popular veteran
writer about sociology, suggests in
. .. science outstrips morals
The People Shapers that society
will be dehumanized and therefore
harmed if, for example, to spare
women from carrying their babies
in their wombs, methods are
developed so the human fetus can
be transplanted for most of the
gestation period to a cow, which
also has a nine-month pregnancy.
Bioethics is becoming more
important because of advances in
scientific research on mind and
body control. Packard says it is
important to think about the type of
research which may lead to
genetic mutations involving
combinations of humans and
animals, or to the possibility of
producing armies of identical
He gives an overview of recent
research in manipulating
behavior, the brain's functioning,
genetic traits, longevity and,
ultimately, the uniqueness of the
But Packard does not come on
strong and shrill, screaming about
legality, morality and ethics. He
doesn't have to. He describes these
kinds of research and lets the facts
speak loudly.
Packard divides the increasing
uneasiness of scientists into three
areas: health hazards, such as the
creation of new life forms; individual ethics, such as harmful
experimentation on humans; and
social hazards in remaking human
beings, the likelihood of changes in
quality of life, the family, justice,
and individual dignity. He points
out that future innovations could
strengthen the power of aspiring
The human's concept of the
sanctity of the individual must
change with our increasing
plasticity, and Packard fears the
change in laws and traditional
attitudes will be necessary to
accept the idea of humans with
mostly replaced body parts or even
with a replaced head.
Packard says New York
psychologist Willard Gaylin
worries about the costs of scientific
advances in terms of human
values, especially in his own idea
of setting up "bioemporiums",
warehouses where living cadavers
could be kept functioning as a
source of spare parts and for
medical experiments. He suggests
that people's revulsion with man as
an imperfect machine may fade
with time and education, but it
may be essential "as one of those
components of humanness that
barely sustains us at the civilized
level of civility and decency that
now exists."
It's scary that people may lose
respect for the human's
uniqueness and may become
callous, but is this not precisely
what is happening? This year has
seen people love the robot C3PO in
the movie Star Wars, which is
symbolic of growing acceptance of
machines. Perhaps eventually this
affection could be transferred to
robots doing menial work or to
humans who are functionally
Packard says there is hope that
the trends he foresees will not
develop, citing the recent interest
among behavioral scientists in
human self-determination and the
growing concern over genetic
research. Scientists should have
their own controls and citizens'
groups should show concern and
try to get laws passed to stop
dangerous experimentation. It
would be deadly for some
laboratory viruses to get loose in
the community.
He says society should strive
towards different goals, including
esteeming individual growth,
cherishing the individual's dignity
and keeping people free from
coercion. The implications of innovations should be anticipated.
He says "plan predictable
machines, not predictable people."
Blah news reporter, Frothy surprised staffers today by leaving the
orifices with her new four legged
friend, Scoop the fearless
When pressed by fellow staffers
what they were planning to do, she
insisted they were going off to
write a story together.
Mateus, the Rose wine of Portugal.
Serve snapping cold. With or without all your favorite foods.
Marketed across Canada by Schenley Wines and Spirits Ltd
a friend.
IV-'        .  - r-  "~, J^- *"'-    ^-^"=A;£*t    Aft',IK \      IK
Page Friday, 10
Friday, December 2, 1977 ; >^mwMW^
j books
'Confederation' breaks up Canada
The election of the separatist
Parti Quebecois has thrown some
Canadians into a state of fear and
soul-searching that is unprecedented in its emotion and
depth. Brian Brown's The New
Confederation is a welcome and
timely injection of reason and calm
into an otherwise confused and
directionless debate.
The New Confederation
Brian A. Brown
Hancock House, 158 pages
Brown blames Canada's disunity
and administrative problems on
federal overcentralization and the
lOprovincessystem. He proposes a
reorganization of Canada into five
regions. Each of these "sovereign
provinces" would have borders
along logical geographic and
linguistic lines.
Tlie Mountain Region would
include B.C. and Alberta, the
Yukon, and half of the Northwest
Territories. The Prairie Region,
geographically the largest, would
contain Saskatchewan and
Manitoba, the eastern half of the
N.W.T., and most of the arctic
archipelago. Ontario would remain
the same. Quebec would gain a
small piece of Labrador but would
lose Anticosti Island and the
"north shore" east of Sept-Iles.
Most importantly, Quebec would
gain the French-speaking northern
half of New Brunswick. Lastly,
what remains of the Maritimes and
Newfoundland would be lumped
into the Atlantic Region.
Each of these would be large in
area, even more in population, and
would b,e governed by a Commons
and Senate elected by the citizens.
Each region would be responsible
for manpower and unemployment,
trade and tariffs and foreign investment. The much-reduced
central supervisory body in Ottawa
wouldcontinue to handle the postal
service, currency, passports, and
defense. Significantly, income and
corporate taxation to the federal
government would cease and a
completely new system would be
set up by each region.
The basis of The New Confederation is a quotation by former
Prime Minister Mackenzie King:
"Some countries have too much
history; ours has too much
geography." It is this, in Brown's
words, that is "the root of the
dilemma that is Canada." Most
Canadians cannot conceive of their
land as one political union and
cannot relate to Ottawa as the
capital. Everything is just too far
What is more serious, however,
is the enormous and ever-growing
bureaucracy of the federal
government. Many of the Ottawa
ministries duplicate already-
existing provincial departments, to
the point where there are now 1.5
million federal employees. The
bureaucracy has become almost a
state within a state — insular,
distrustful of outsiders, and
hideously expensive to all
Economically, Brown claims,
the present federal system holds
all provinces down to the lowest
common denominator because it
forces trade to move in an artificially east-west direction. The
natural flow of goods and services
should be north-south, especially
on the coasts. The Maritimes, to
cite one example, originally
prospered through trade with New
England but have been impoverished ever since they joined
Confederation. Brown says that if
each region had autonomy in the
area of production and marketing,
there would no longer be any "have
The  economic   and   political
Friday, December 2, 1977
concentration in central Canada is
an important cornerstone in
Brown's argument, and is articulated well in the introduction to
the book by former B.C. premier
W.A.C. Bennett. It was Bennett
who originated the idea of extending the western provinces'
boundaries northwards, arguing
that the territories were too weak
to exist as provinces. Bennett here
also rails against the present
electoral system that has always
weighted representation in the
Commons heavily in favour of the
Windsor-Quebec City corridor,
which contains half of Canada's
As in the U.S.A., however, this
nucleus of eastern power is shifting
westward. Alberta is marching
quickly forward in economic influence, both because of its
resources and stability and
because it is the jumping-off point
for the rapidly-opening Mackenzie
Valley and north country. As long
as it is so closely bound by federal
tariff structures and energy
policies, its potential is severely
Brian Brown has carefully
analyzed the present ills of
Canadian Confederation. His book
presents a reasonable and optimistic alternative to the existing
difficult system.
Written in an engaging, conversational style, the book is a
pleasant read for a novice in
Canadian affairs. The author, a
clergyman and radio evangelist in
Dawson Creek, cites many good
examples to illustrate his points
and provides lengthy quotations
from Canadian politicians and
contemporary  prophets  such   as
Barbara Ward and Marshall
What Brown gains in personality, however, he loses through
his lack of hard facts, statistics,
and realistic projections. The
value of The New Confederation as
a historical or socio-political
sourcebook is limited because the
author relies too heavily on
generalizations and personal
It is on the issue of Quebec that
Brown most conspicuously flops.
Pretending that Quebec is
economically stable and can be
fairly self-sufficient, he glosses
over the province's complex industrial and labour problems. He
completely ignores the fact that
Quebec is practically bankrupt and
that, financially if for no other
reason, Confederation is the best
deal Quebec has ever had.
Brown's conception of the other
provinces' feeling about Quebec is
wrong. He claims that Albertans,
for instance, are quite in sympathy
with Quebec's desire for
separation, as they can relate to
the Quebecois' frustrations. This is
not true. Premier Lougheed,
elected by a majority of Albertans,
has repeatedly stated his commitment to a fully united Canada.
Indeed the main thrust of
provincial thinking has been, as
historian Donald Creighton said in
Macleans magazine, "No more
deals for Quebec."
This points up a serious flaw in
Brown's otherwise carefully
thought-out system: the regions
would not be constitutionally
bound, in perpetuity, to each other
as a united Canada; any one of
them would be allowed to break
away at any time. He tries to
justify this through a concept
called "continentalism" but this is
never explained. He does not deal
at all with the possibility of absorption by the United States,
which would almost inevitably
follow this fragmentation.
A sour strain in his otherwise
optimistic book is Brown's cynical
view of established politics in
Canada. He claims that the Liberal
party is destroying itself, that the
Tories have let everyone down by
their lack of commitment, and that
the Socreds and N.D.P. are
disintegrating. This is hard to
believe; all these parties have had
their ups and downs but are well
established in the Canadian picture.
Brian Brown's book, unlike the
dusteover blurb, will hardly be
"the most helpful contribution to
the whole debate on Canada's
future." It is an interesting book
for the possibilities it presents, but
is too strident and shallow to be
taken as a serious model for a new
form of Canadian Confederation.
Page Friday, 11 books | _ ^;;r^;_ r,' v* „; ., ## -^ ■-■ **'*- -*-<'•«-
v-,? ,r?-i«»
Waugh diaries mostly tedious
Writers' diaries are a godsend to
the critics who hope they will shed
some light on the artist's work and
to the general public, always
greedy for any information on the
private lives of famous people.
The Diaries of Evelyn Waugh
Edited by Michael Davie
Weidenfield and Nicolson,  814
Evelyn Waugh's reputation as a
particularly savage, merciless
novelist promised a juicy, vicious,
gossipy diary. It is so in parts, but
like any successful writer, Waugh
saved his best stuff for the people
who paid.
As a result, his diaries are occasionally fascinating and entertaining, but more often simply
tedious, the result of an ambivalent
attitude toward his journal.
The diaries are hopelessly incomplete because Waugh, before
he died in 1966, chopped out those
entries dealing with the three key
phases in his life: his experimentation with homosexuality
while a university student, the
deterioration of his first marriage
and his subsequent conversion to
Roman Catholicism, and his
mental illness of 1954, which
became the basis for his novel The
Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold. As a
result, his diaries are practically
useless as a biography, and serve
only to supplement other
Waugh's diaries are best when
he sets out to describe events, such
as the long "Memorandum on
Layforce" which makes up the
bulk of his wartime diaries, and
when he writes about some of the
people he meets.
His portrayal of the senile
Hilaire Belloc (whom he doesn't
even seem to dislike) is hilarious
and brutal. His comments on
sometime-friend and long-time
acquaintance Randolph Churchill,
are unremittingly damaging to
Churchill, a respected public
figure who we learn here was in
private life an unpleasant, semi-
alcoholic moron. "Randolph
Churchill went into hospital ... to
have a lung removed. It was an-
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nounced that the trouble was not
malignant," Waugh remarks in
1964.". . . It was a typical triumph
of modern science to find the only
part of Randolph that was not
malignant and remove it."
Waugh's most unflattering
portrait is of himself. The diaries
show him to be an insular,
egotistical, intolerant, right-wing
snob. It's difficult to understand
how he could have had any friends;
he indeed seemed to have few
really close ones.
Waugh's attitude toward keeping
a diary changed continually. As a
young man, he viewed it as a
record of his emotions and
opinions, as well as his daily
routine; this part becomes dull or
interesting according to the quality
of his observations, which, as can
be imagined, are not consistently
For most of his adult life Waugh
treated his diary as a reminder
book. Instead of describing
events, he would refer to them.
Dull reading. At its worst, Waugh's
diary was a discipline to which he
begrudged a few minutes every
"Shopped: Mrs. W. lunch, very
good. D. Yorke dinner. Y. later. F.
Howard sherry."
In the latter part of his life, when
Waugh reverts to recording notes
and observances on people and
things rather than simply the daily
routine, the book picks up again.
Throughout, editor Michael
Davie does a commendable job
attaching real names to Waugh's
sometimes cryptic references, and
providing — helpful thumbnail
sketches for the people who appear
most frequently in the diaries.
The index is a little weak on
place names but does list just
about every person referred to by
Waugh, so that is a minor quibble.
WAUGH . . . diary doesn't live up to novel's promise
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Page Friday, 12
Friday, December 2, 1977 theatre
New Play Centre exciting development in Vancouver
There is something vital about a
new play or a work in progress. It
is still flexible and this makes its
potential awesome.
The New Play Centre offers an
opportunity to participate in the
creation of a new play. And it gives
the playwright help with his or her
The New Play Centre started in
1968   in   the   creative   writing
In order to aid you in your search
or Christmas gifts, the Vancouver
Sast Cultural Centre, 1895
/enables, is presenting its fifth
innual Christmas Market. The
Market has three sessions to accommodate nearly two hundred
craftspeople displaying a wide
variety of crafts including gold and
iilver jewlery, porcelain pots,
land bound books and Christmas
wnaments. The first session runs
rom Dec. 1 to 7; the second from
Dec. 8 to 14; and the third from
Dec. 15 to 21. Hours are from 11
i.m. to 10 p.m.
The Burnaby Arts Council will
continue to run its popular Crafts
'"air through the month of
December. The fair will take place
>n the first and third Sundays of
he month and is located in the
Main Mall, Century Park at
Canada Way and Gilpin. The fair's
lours are from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Should you want to make your
I!hristmas gifts this year, the
Surrey Arts Centre, 14245 - 56th
Vvenue, Surrey, will be holding a
Christmas Workshop. Instruction
n designing and printing Christ-
nas cards, making candles and
lesigning Christmas ornaments
vill be offered from 1 to 3 p.m. on
>unday Dec. 4.
Vancouver's City Stage Theatre,
'51 Thurlow, will be presenting an
evening of songs, bicycles and
aughter as they premier Stewart
'arker's Spokesong on December
0th at 8:30 p.m. The play, sub-
itled The Common Wheel, corn-
lines a history of the bicycle with a
ook at the situation in Northern
reland. Songs for the production
vere composed by Jimmy Ken-
ledy and its director is Ray
Michal. Spokesong will run nightly
Monday through Saturday at 8:30
Midas, a new comedy by John
^azarus, will highlight the post-
Christmas theatre season beguiling Dec. 29 at the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre. The play is based
>n the Greek myths about King
Midas and tells of his chase for
vealth and everlasting fame.
Midas runs nightly Tuesday
hrough Saturday at 8:30 p.m. until
Fan. 21.
The regular series of Big Band
lights sponsored by Nostalgia
'lus and the Hot Jazz Club will
:ontinue through December. The
eatured artists next month will be
rhe Robert Rozich Big Band on
December 6, the V.C.C. Jazz
Ensemble on Dec. 13, and the Gary
iuthman Big Band on Dec. 20. The
lot Jazz Club is located at 36 East
Freddie Hubbard and his band
vill be performing at the Com-
nodore, 870 Granville, on Wed-
lesday Dec. 7 on behalf of the FM
i9's children's fund. Tickets are
ivailable at all Woodwards stores,
Jrennan's Records and the
Thunderbird Shop. The music
torts at 8 p.m.
Two special lectures on Culinary
\rt will be given on Sunday Dec. 4
ind Sunday Dec. 11 at the Burnaby
Vrt Gallery, 6344 Gilpin. The first
ecture-demonstration will feature
Jeorge Wagner, a gold medalist at
he recent Culinary Olympics, who
vill display his talents as a
iculptor of brown sugar. The
;econd features Anna Gustafson, a
•ecent graduate of the Vancouver
School of Art, who will demon-
itrate bread and cake sculpture.
These unusual show take place at 2
p.m. both days.
The Arts Club Theatre will
present the Carousel Theatre's
production of Nobody Wants a
Princess with a Tree Growing Out
of Her Head on Saturday afternoons at 2:30 p.m. from Dec. 10
to the end of January. Billed as a
play for children of all ages, this
Michael Brill play is a contemporary rendition of a
traditional style of fairy tale.
department at UBC. It was felt that
writers off campus would benefit
from the type of criticism students
in the department receive. Doug
Bankson, now head of the department, set up a reading service in
the department.
But, as the centre's associate
director Jace van der Veen said in
an interview, it was felt that the
creative writing department's
academic surroundings were
keeping people from sending their
manuscripts in. A year later the
centre moved off campus, under
the direction of Pam Hawthorn.
The centre now receives 125
plays a year. Each of them is
checked by two readers and
returned to the author with the
readers' comments.
Some plays are taken past the
initial stage and are "work-
shopped." This allows the writer to
work with actors and directors in
the process of preparing the play
for the stage.
Originally these people were
unpaid and it was not possible to
spend a great deal of time
preparing a reading of the play.
Now the centre receives funding
from the Canada Council, the B.C.
cultural fund, from the city, the
Koerner foundation and other
sources. And they can afford to
hire professional actors who will
spend from 20 to 25 hours over a
period of two or three weeks,
working with the author as he
reworks the scenes.
The public can participate in this
process by attending the public
readings of new plays. The next
reading will take place on Dec. 11
at 7:30 p.m. in the Arts Club. Admission is free and anyone who
wants can attend, either to participate in the discussion or simply
to view the process.
The New Play Centre also
produces plays. In past years their
Du Maurier festival has been very
popular. Last month they produced
Sheldon Rosen's Ned and Jack and
co-produced Richard Ouzounian's
British Properties with City Stage.
John Lazarus' The Near Myth of
Midas opens Dec. 29 in a co-
production with Tamahnous.
All of these writers worked with
the centre in the creation of their
For the moment the New Play
Centre offers its services only to
writers in B.C. But they are
gaining a national reputation.
It's exciting. They're bringing
new plays to Vancouver audiences
and some of these plays have
toured to other parts of Canada.
New and experienced writers
should benefit from working with
theatre professionals. The plays
may not all have the technical
brilliance of works by established
playwrights but they all have
"Most writers are really
pleased," said playwright Rosen.
"It's that good."
A moving story. A romantic story.
A story of envy, hatred, friendship, triumph, and love.
TheTiimiiig point
Introducing -
CAMBIE at 18th
Friday, December 2, 1977
Page Friday, 13 Opening soon at the Capitol 6
Page Friday, 14
Friday, December 2, 1977
/ Friday, December 2, 1977
Page 25
From page 4
a figure formed. Tom gasped as-the Image of the most beautiful woman he
had ever seen materialized.
". . . so remember, men, for that extra bit of cleaning power for your
'drold's hard to get at spots, use New Improved Comet cleanser. And now,"
said Marta Marton, "back to the show!"
The Image faded andwas replaced by one of Heather Conn bending over
an Image of Mike Bocking. "You've got to help me. Obi Wan Page Friday,"
the Princess said. "Don't let these get Into Darth Gainor's hands." Tom
turned Bocking off — but then, Bocking turned Tom off too.
"Obi Wan Page Friday," mused Tom. "I wonder If he's any relation to
Bruce Baught, whose name doesn't sound In the least similar." Bruce Baugh
was an old man who had spent many years sitting crosslegged In the
Latroulne dessert, thinking of life and obscene sexual fantasies and getting
jello on his legs. Tom turned around and saw that Mike Bocking was missing.
"Gee Threeplo! Where did Mike go?" "Thataway," the 'drold replied.
Together they hopped Into Tom's hot rod, a late-model Kathy Ford, and
sped off.
After a boring adventure that offers few possibilities for slipping In new
names, Tom and Geethreeplo were rescued by Bruce Baugh, to whom the
robot had come.
"Bruce Baugh! So glad you could save us? We were out here retrieving
this robot who ran away. Seems to be looking for somebody called Obi Wan
Page Friday. Heard of him?"" Tom asked breastlessly.
"Hmmm. Haven't heard that name In a long, long time. Not since before
you were born. In fact, It was about three weeks ago when David Morton
and Merriiee Robson called me that." He turned Mike Bocking on. Mike
Bocking Is strange. Again, the Image flickered. "Obi, take these to my father,
Matt King, on the planet Taaranta."
"Hmm, looks like we'll have to round up some transportation to
Taaranta, and some companionship. Come! I know a low dive In Doug-
rushton, a town near here."
*   *   *
A  Lloyanne  Hurd  grazed contentedly outside In sunlight but Inside the
Paisley Woodward, a psychedelic nightclub, the lights were low —so low, In
fact, that they barely reached to Jan Nicol's waist.
Bruce Baugh led the way Inside and picked a table near the band, the
famous Gray Kyles from the planet Promlslow In the constellation Gabrlella
Bottescelle. With Larry Hill on spurch, Mike Skinner and Glen Schaefer on
spodloons, Geof Wheelwright and Doug Field on Mlnoltas and Len MacKave
on Quaaludes, they were really walling. They were playing hits from their
bestselllng album, How to Squeeze People's Names Into the Meathead, and
lead singer Will Wheeler was belting out the lyrics to I'm So Bored With the
U! By! Ssey!
The bartender, Mario Lowther, approached Bruce and Tom. "What'll It
be? How 'bout a greg?" "Yeah," said Baugh, "I could really use a strong
greg. How about a Ted Collins, and a Sylvana dl Glacomo for the kid."
"Hnph yekth fna fnaffla grylg thna spa phon," a disfigured character who
turned out to be Les Wiseman said to Tom.
"He says he doesn't like your looks," said Terry Glavln, a Vllvudlan
acting as Interpreter because he understood creative writing students. Tom
said oh and Ignored him.   -
"Thna gradagpbup grlonga nlghoopla," Wiseman said, a little louder.
"You don't understand," Glavln translated. "He really don't like your looks.
He's more Interested In your Greek friend outside."
"Duck!" said George Huey, as Bruce Baugh swung Into action with his
llghtsabre and killed half fhe people In the place.
The door swung open and Steve Howard walked In. "Anybody here call a
cab?" "That's us," Baugh said to Tom. "Taaranta, and step on It," they told
Howard. „
"You're out of luck, fella," Howard said. The Grand wluff Dave Hancock
stepped on It half an hour ago. But I -know a good shortcut to the Death
Star. Mind If my friend here Verne McDonald comes along? He's harmless —
takes a lot of paralyzing drugs and only roars once In a while. He's great for
wiping your hands on."
"So," Howard tried starting a conversation, "what line of business are
you gents In?"
"We're going to save the free federation," Tom replied before Baugh
could shut him up.
"Zatrlghtay? I've had some pretty Interesting fares. Once had Tom
Barnes, the convicted lecher, and Colleen Eros, the prono star. Speaking of
movies, I once had the director Carol Read, and volleyball star Mario
Lowther. Lousy tipper. Once I had Mike MacLeod In the back seat. He
wasn't as good as Nicholas Read though. Those English people.
"Guess I must be boring you, eh? I mean, you must lead a really exciting
life, eh? I mean, not like Bob Krleger. Everybody figures he's famous, but
Dave Fraser who knew his old lover Chris Bocking once rode In my cab and
told me Krleger's nothing — owes everything to John Leklch his manager and
Ken Whiteside his promoter.
"Well, here we are. That's the Death Star dead ahead. I guess this Is your
rendezvous with destiny. That'll be $223,678,990,775.85."
"What?" said Baugh. "That's outrageous!"
"Only 70 cents a mile. A guy's gotta make a living."
"Oh alright. Here's a tip, too."
"A measly $775,850,000??? Here, cheapskate," he said, throwing the
money after the departing Baugh and Tom. "Ya might need It."
*   *   *
"So we meet again, Darth Gainor. The last of the Cheddar Knights. Let
this be a fight to the finish," said Bruce Baugh as he drew his llghtsabre.
"Breathe, breathe, breathe," said Darth Gainor as he drew his Luger and
shot Bruce Baugh through the forehead.
In the meantime, Tom Hawthorn rescues Heather Conn and they escape
to the Federalist Planet; again, boring stuff with no opportunity for
throwing In people's names.
"Right," said Federalist general Maureen Curtis. "All we gotta do Is
deliver a 440-square-foot bomb down a 3-Inch by 5-lnch opening In the
Death Star. Mike Jones, Robert Jordan and Shelley Sweeney, you take on
Darth Gainor's attack ship while Larry Green, Chris Bannister and Dave
Dixon take the left flank while Don Maclntyre, Michael Trew and Brad
Felton take the right flank. Good. Hilary Rose, you blast a hole big enough
and Tom, you drop the payload. Ready? Battle stations!"
To make a long story end, the plan worked. Darth Gainor's one-man ship
was sent spinning end-over-end In the black void of space, leaving open the
possibility of a sequel. Back at the Federalist Planet the rebels celebrated.
"Oh, Tom, you're such a hero," said Heather Conn. "I'm so glad you
saved those things from Darth Gainor. Now let's eat. Where are they for
today? The Red Leaf or Candla?"
ROOM 207/209 SUB 4-8 PM.
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in co-operation with
Faculty of Forestry and Faculty of Applied Science - Engineering
Co-operative Education-Summer Employment
First Year Women Students
interested in
Engineering or Forestry
A limited number of work placements are available to students eligible to
enter Engineering or Forestry.
Applications Close: January. 1978        Job Placements: Summer. 1978
Applications and Information Available
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731-4191 Page 26
Friday, December 2, 1977
SORWUC faces great threat as
labor congress enters its field
For Canadian University Press
The Service, Office and Retail Workers Union of Canada
— the independent union organizing bank employees in
B.C. — is facing the greatest threat to its continued
The threat comes not from the powerful banking institutions which until recently have remained non-union,
but from the "house of labor" itself, the Canadian Labor
First SORWUC, in B.C. and Saskatchewan, and now the
CLC across Canada, have launched organizing drives on
banks and financial institutions, yet the 600-member,
Vancouver-based union and the 2.3 million-member CLC
are at odds over who shall call the plays.
SORWUC, a largely volunteer-run union, has appealed
to the CLC for financial help to continue signing up bank
SORWUC MEMBERS .. . picket Bimini neighborhood pub
The CLC, however, has charged SORWUC's independent organizing will lead to "balkanization" of bank
employees; those signed up by SORWUC will see the
wisdom of belonging to one big bank union once the CLC
drive gets under way.
And affiliation is out of the question unless the CLC is
firmly in control of the game.
CLC funds labor e'fee
Three months after a landmark Canada Labor
Relations Board decision permitting bank organizing on a
branch-by-branch basis, the CLC declared that $1 million
from a white collar organizing fund would be directed in
part to set up a bank organizing committee "to help
employees organize as soon as possible."
CLC boss Joe Morris announced Sept. 27 that the
congress and its affiliates would build a nationwide
structure "designed to help bank employees organize."
He said the program would start early in 1978 "as soon as
interests are worked out with the affiliates."
Several affiliated unions have already started
organizing in the lucrative bank field despite the CLC's
game plan.
But Donald Montgomery, CLC st retary-treasurer,
said in an interview the money is avail ble to "stimulate
organizing by encouraging affiliates wh organize in view
of what the CLC feels is a priority . . .sue   as banks."
And SORWUC is interested in joining the CLC for a
share of the organizing money.
SORWUC, and the Canadian Union of B. nk Employees,
another unaffiliated union with four Bank rf Nova Scotia
certifications in Ontario, cleared the • 'ay for bank
organizing by successfully pleading the ca >e for branch,
rather than national union certification bef >re the CLRB
last June 14.
Montgomery said the money is for affiliates, however,
and the organizing drive is a "joint undertaking with the
congress playing coach and quarterback."
"We are not going to fund a rival organization."
Money central issue
But who funds the same on a bank organizing drive is
the central issue in affiliation for SORWUC, according to
union representative Heather McNeill.
She said the women, mainly bank workers, who have
volunteered their time to organize banks since mid-1975,
when "nobody else was doing anything," did not wish
their campaign to be directed by the central labor body in
Ottawa. (McNeill and SORWUC national president Jean
Rands are the union's only full-time paid staff.)
Montgomery said the high-powered white collar
committee "will be the unifying force for banks" and that
every affiliate, particularly where it is the strongest, or
the only union in the area, will receive help to organize
banks using "existing resources."
Montgomery said a "second option approach" will
allow bank employees to sign with one union, and tran-
sfer, by their own choice, to a national bank union "with
the maximum bargaining power," after sufficient
numbers have been signed up.
And a tentative arrangement has been made to bring
CUBE into the CLC to "reduce fragmentation in the bank
industry," he said. Montgomery did not say which union
would receive jurisdiction for banks.
But as for SORWUC's affiliation with the congress, "the
matter is closed," he said.
"(The CLC) is trying to prevent balkanization of bank
employees," Montgomery said. "We're not going to make
funds available to defeat that concept."
According to McNeill, however, the CLC affiliates drive
appears to be focused almost exclusively in the areas
where SORWUC is active.
"B.C. and Saskatchewan are the only places we know
the CLC is doing organizing aside from Newfoundland,"
she said. "That's whers we are."
SORWUC has 21 bank certifications and four applications pending in B.C., one certification in Melfort,
Saskatchewan, one application in Regina, and two more in
The Office and Technical Employees Union, the B.C.
section of the Office and Professional Employees International Union of the CLC, holds two certifications and
has applications pending on three more banks in B.C., as
well as a longstanding national certification of a Quebec
bank with more than 100 branches.
The steelworkers union (USWA) has gained certification at one bank in Saskatoon, and a branch of the
Bank of Montreal in Wabash, Newfoundland.
SORWUC might affiliate
Larry Widen, a Vancouver representative of the CLC,
said the key to the organizing drive is that "no one union is
stuck with organizing coast to coast."
But he added, "the congress cannot commit funds from
our affiliates (one-tenth of per capita CLC dues have gone
toward the white collar organizing committee since 1972)
to non-affiliates on the basis that they're prepared to
recommend affiliation."
Charlotte Johnson, president of the United Bank
Workers section of SORWUC, thinks the CLC program
should recognize her union's organizing drive.
"We're interested of course in their organizing drive . . .
we're bank workers," she said.
Johnson said she didn't like the idea of 600 bank workers
making the decision to affiliate for "so many other" bank
employees yet to be unionized.
But the national executive is prepared to recommend
affiliation if SORWUC receives funds to continue
organizing, she said.
"It would be very difficult to organize if we don't get
help from trade unionists," she said.
SORWUC has projected its organizing costs, on a
province-wide basis, at $5,000 a month, and has received
Seepage 27: WOMEN
Company calls papers 'for research purposes'
From page 1
"But if a student were getting away with
it, it might suggest that the instructor
change his way of evaluating students'
A bought essay would not reflect the
emphasis of a professor's lectures or
reading list and should be easy to detect, he
"You can buy $6-a-page essays but you
certainly can't give someone who's doing it
(the essay) for money a sense of the intellectual level of the course," Friedrichs
But associate arts dean Peter Remnant
said Thursday that use of the purchased
essays is difficult to prove.
"These things are hard to catch.
Sometimes someone slips and gets caught,"
he said.
"The last time a student was clearly
nailed, which was about four years ago, the
student was expelled."
Remnant said a student might be able to
get through several courses with purchased
essays if the course results were determined
by essays only.
"If it's all determined by essays a student
could go a long way. It's an unfair advantage to well-off students (who can afford
to buy essays)," he said.
Students caught plagiarizing on essays
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Pacific Research also has other essay
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gives a critique of submitted papers written
by a student and which will rewrite them
with corrections.
"There are just a tremendous amount of
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say, 'Help us out,' " Gross said.
"We don't actually rewrite the paper. We
just suggest where it could be improved," he
Remnant said a service offering to rewrite
a student's paper, "would be against
academic rules."
Gross said Pacific Research employs
about 30 writers for full- and part-time essay
writing. The company has a mail order
essay and editing service for most of the
U.S. and Canada, he said.
Gross refused to say how much business
the four-year-old company does or how
many essays it sells annually.
Pacific Research is mainly concerned
with selling research material to students,
not essays to be submitted as the students'
own work, Gross said. He said there are five
or six other companies in the field, but these
deal exclusively in term paper sales.
"Unfortunately there are a lot of companies that just sell term papers and we get
lumped in with them all," he said.
"Generally what they (students) do is
they have an idea of what they want to do
and they send for research material. They
take (our) research and add to it and detract
from it."
Gross defended Pacific Research against
charges that students use the essays to buy
their way through university, saying that an
insignificant number of students try to do so.
"There are probably maybe five per cent
of the people at UBC that really shouldn't be
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"I don't think they're really important to
the university and they'll find some way to
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"They're not significant."
The Pacific Research order form requires
customers to sign a statement saying: "I
fully realize that the material I am here
contracting to buy from Pacific Research is
designed and intended to be used solely for
research and reference purposes."
Gross said the statement is intended to
make students aware that the essays are not
meant to be handed in as a student's work.
Pacific Research has not had any trouble
advertising on campus, Gross said. He said
that if a university makes strong objections
to company advertising it is withdrawn
from the campus.
A number of university newspapers will
not carry Pacific Research advertising, he
said. Ubyssey advertising manager Fred
Vyse said essay-writing company ads are
rejected by The Ubyssey.
"We get ads for these things and we just
reject them and send them back," he said.
Vogt said that while he is not surprised
essay-writing companies exist, he is
disappointed that UBC students would use
"It's completely unacceptable, ethics of
this kind, but the real losers are the people
that use this (service).
"If somebody thinks that they can beat the
system, maybe they can but what's the
Vogt said that sooner or later students
who try and get through university by
purchasing essays instead of doing them
will find they have deprived themselves of a
real education.
The Pacific Research catalogue is
carefully worded, repeatedly stating the
service is for "research assistance" only.
It suggests that students hesitant about
Pacific Research's reputation call the
Seattle branch of the Better Business
Bureau and the Seattle Old National Bank
for a bank reference.
Pacific Research accepts Master Charge
and Bank Americard credit cards for service payments, in addition to cash, money
orders and certified cheques.
The company was formed by several
university graduates who pooled a number
of essays and began a word-of-mouth service, according to the catalogue. Later when
the service grew it became a mail order
service. Friday, December 2, 1977
Page 27 «•■
Women's union battling
From page 26
interest-free loans from the B.C.
Government Employees Union,
The International Woodworkers of
America, the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway, Transport, and
general workers union, and other
CLC unions to date, independent of
the national program.
Dave Crain, of local 400 of the
CBRT, said his union's loan is
repayable "when they get themselves established."
And he said it was likely the
membership would give more
money to SORWUC. The CBRT
voted against the white collar per
capita fund and has not contributed
to it since its inception, he said.
"Out of that came ACTE
(Association of Clerical and
Technical Employees) which
didn't prove very fruitful."
ACTE was a direct CLC charter
active in Toronto and elsewhere in
1974; its prime function was to sign
up bank employees under congress
Asked if the CBRT would curtail
its donations to SORWUC if asked
by the CLC, Crain said, "local 400
would probably tell them to go to
Montgomery said earlier he
would assume when the congress
program comes into effect, the
donations would go to affiliated
According to Johnson, the CLC is
simply not interested in SORWUC's affiliation. "The point is we
have talked to them," she said.
"We came out of three meetings
and got nowhere."
Johnson said SORWUC then
wrote Joe Morris July 25 and again
Oct. 6 requesting financial
assistance. The Oct. 6 letter also
said the national executive was
prepared to recommend affiliation
to the CLC to its membership,
through a referendum.
Morris replied to the first letter
Sept. 13: ". . .we sincerely hope
that the lack of finances, staff, and
the lack of affiliation to a stronger
backup organization will not impede your progress. . ."
He added that the OPEIU was
"entitled to our full support within
their jurisdiction and we are cooperating with them."
McNeill said SORWUC has
received no correspondence since
the CLC's September 27 announcement.
"Given that a union of 600 wants
to affiliate. . . they have not talked
to us since they announced this
drive," she said.
But Nov. 16, the CLC regional
director of organization for the
prairie provinces sent a letter to
the SORWUC coordinator in
Saskatoon urging the bank workers
to affiliate to the CLC, and
"together make a common cause."
The   same   day,   Montgomery
said: "there's no discussions at all
(with SORWUC). The matter is
closed as far as we're concerned."
He said he didn't wish the union
any ill will, but SORWUC's sole
claim to organize banks in Canada
"can't be accepted as serious."
Johnson said SORWUC does not
want exclusive jurisdiction over
banks, but to continue organizing
independently, and retain
jurisdiction in industries where
there are mostly women.
CUBE, however, has opted to
join on the CLC's terms.
Montgomery said discussions
"proposing to make some changes
in (CUBE's) constitution . . . like a
directly chartered union, only
national "were under way." The
CLC will become directly involved
(through direct charters) in bank
organizing drives next year, he
Approaches to bank workers,
rather than SORWUC, and
suggestions to fall under direct
charter to the CLC have union
organizers worried. Both McNeill
and Johnson said they wanted the
SORWUC constitution to remain
intact in any affiliation to the CLC.
Help save the
Dean of Women's
The proposed streamlining of student services may-
mean the elimination of this Office - whose value
to women on campus has been proven over many
Please express YOUR concern by signing our
petition to the President. Copies of the petition are
displayed on the door of the Women's Committee
office, SUB 130.
Our petition needs
YOUR signature
The A.M.S. Women's Committee
The Davidson Galleries
Exhibition and Sale
Dec. 5 - Dec. 6
10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
with down to earth Greyhound fares!
Now! Two low-cost travel plans
for coast-to-coast savings!
Canada Pass
$175/45 days
Discover Canada. Find remote spots, hot
spots, or memory spots. Even Old World
spots! Greyhound Canada Pass gives you
45 days of unlimited travel freedom. Go
where and when you want. Even stopover
wherever you like —with Canada Pass!
On sale until May 1, 1978.
"^   S~
Excursion I are
13 way/ l3\i return
Where in Canada would you like to go?
Travel to any destination for one new,
low fare. You can even stopover enroute
to visit friends or explore a city. Curl
up or stretch out —or just sit back and
save all across Canada.
On sale until May 31, 1978.
Both plans apply to mainland Canada only, valid until June 15, 1978.
For complete details.
contact you Greyhound agent:
.   *..
A trick
When you're drinking
tequila, Sauza's the only shot
that counts. That's why more
and more people are asking
for it by name.
Number One in Mexico.
Number One in Canada. Page  28
Friday, December 2, 1977
7 15-
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