UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 15, 1980

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VoF. LXII. No. 53
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, February 16,1980
Govt diverts
UBC funds
JudcTs reserves will grow
WINNIPEG (CUP) — Liberal
defence critic Judd Buchanan has
denied he favors compulsory
military service for Canadians
ages 18-19, but endorses more
reserve forces applications.
Buchanan does not favor conscription but does approve of expansion of reserve forces and
Canada's paramilitary Katimavic
program says his research assistant Cheryl Caldwell.
Caldwell said Buchanan who
has the flu and is unable to speak
to the press, would like to see
Canadian force enlistment rise
from its current 20,000 to 50,000.
"Currently we can mobilize
100,000 people at a cost of
$41,500 each," she said, "But the
Swiss can mobilize six times as
many for a cost of $3,500".
Buchanan, a federal candidate
running   in   Ontario's   London
West, was recently reported in the
Toronto Star to be in favor of
Caldwell said a promotion campaign will be necessary to increase
force applicants.
Buchanan favors expanding
Katimavik, a one-year program
for young adults with a military
and civilian option. An applicant
chooses to work on projects
within various Canadian communities or take military training,
which often leads to reserve force
Caldwell said about one-third
of Katimavik applicants choose
the military option, and more people apply each year.
Katimavik had 400 applicants in
its first year (1976), she said but
yearly applications now stand at
1,200. People accepted in the program receive $1 a day along with a
$1,000 honorarium if they complete the project.
Caldwell said a proposal is being considered for employers to
contribute two weeks pay to allow
persons to enter reserve training.
doesn't want you
A recently announced provincial
government plan to increase funding for community colleges might
divert money from B.C.'s three
universities, a UBC student politician charged Thursday.
"There's only a limited amount
of funding and we can only hope
(universities minister Pat) McGeer
will be pushing for funding for our
way," said Al Soltis, Alma Mater
Society external affairs officer.
He said education minister Brian
Smith's announcement Tuesday
that regional colleges can soon expect a major increase in provincial
funding could mean a channelling
of funds from the newly-created
universities ministry to the education ministry.
And he said if the increases do
not come from diversion of university funding, the provincial government should increase grants to both
universities and colleges.
"Now that there's money
available for it, we should go for
it," he said.
Smith said college funding should
be increased because colleges are
growing faster than universities.
But Soltis said recent statements by
UBC administration president
Doug Kenny contradict Smith's
Soltis said Smith's projection
does not agree with Kenny's plan to
increase enrolment at UBC (outlined in his fall mission for UBC statement). "This is where they (Kenny
and Smith) are going to have to get
down and knock heads," said
The new funding plan for colleges might be the start of an increased concentration on developing applied vocational trades and
skills, he said. But Smith said_the
increase will be used to encourage
British Columbians to get a post-
secondary education and provide an
alternative for those who did not
wish to attend universities.
UBC administration vice-
president Erich Vogt refused to
comment  on  Smith's  plans.
cancels booze
A personnel change at the B.C. liquor control and licensing branch is
responsible for a rash of refused
special occasion liquor applications, a UBC student politician said
But a meeting between the Alma
Mater Society, the RCMP and licensing branch next week should
solve the problem, said Al Soltis,
student council external affairs officer.
"It's a misunderstanding that has
to be cleared up. To my knowledge
there hasn't been any excessive vandalism or anything."
At least five licence applications
from UBC student groups have
been refused, said Soltis.
"There's a new inspector. That's
the only reason I can see," he said.
Licensing branch inspector E.
Boechler said Thursday all licences
are governed by long-established
rules and added, "If there's one refused it's on the same grounds."
Boechler said he is unaware of
any refusals affecting UBC but added the branch has "been questioning them (UBC applications) a little
"I didn't refuse any, although I
wondered about them," said
Boechler said any organization is
allowed only two special occasion
permits each month but said some
UBC groups are evading the rule.
"The same class could have an
undergrad class and an overgrad
. class and a grad grad class," who all
apply, he said.
AMS finance director Len Clarke
said the RCMP were not responsible for the refusals, and as proof,
cited UBC's geography department
association's application for a permit last week.
"The RCMP signed it, they took
it down to the liquor store and the
liquor store said no," Clarke said.
"It's the RCMP who are getting
shit, they're not putting on the
pressure," Clarke said.
— kevin finnegan photo
'THIS FITNESS KICK will be the death of me," sighs former obese student during strenuous workout in
Buchanan fitness centre Thursday. Student was found to have low body fat content but suffered from impaired
respiration and very varicose veins. Experts in lab in basement of aquatic centre marvelled at students cardiovascular system but were confused by spring holding head together.
Gage hotel project
doesn't check out
A newly-released poll confirms
that Walter Gage residents
unanimously oppose a proposal to
convert the Gage low-rise residence
into a hotel.
Of 1,000 questionnaires sent to
Gage residents this week, the 500
returned all indicated disapproval
of the plan, Craig Brooks, Alma
Mater Society housing comissioner,
said Thursday.
"It's ludicrous. I don't really
know why Davis is doing this," said
Brooks, referring to UBC housing
director Mike Davis' proposal for
the Gage low rise complex, currently used by married students.
But Gage community council
president Al Soltis said he is less
sure about student opposition to
the proposal and adds that not all
Gage residents were contacted by
the pollsters this week.
"There are 24 people on my floor
and we didn't hear about the poll at
all," said Soltis.
Brooks called the proposal Davis'
one man show.
"It's garbage," he said. "We've
confronted Davis with our objections but he's not interested in talking to us."
Davis has claimed the hotel proposal would generate revenue needed for an $8 to $10 million renovation program for residences, particularly in Place Vanier and Totem
But Brooks said that revenue
generated under such a scheme
would not even pay the interest on
the multi-million dollar loan
necessary for renovations.
"I hope this thing dies in its
tracks," said Brooks. He added
that the Canada Mortgage and
Housing Corporation which underwrites Gage's mortgages at rates
well below market rates, would probably not approve of the hotel
Brooks said if Davis ignores the
widespread opposition to his
scheme a committee made up of
Gage low-rise residents will present
a brief to the Board of Governors
opposing the hotel proposal. Page 2
Friday, February 15,1980
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Page 3
Church 'hits
women, gays
The church and society still humiliate and intimidate women and
homosexuals because of their sexuality, a lesbian Episcopalian minister said Thursday.
And when a society humiliates
people because of their sexuality it
is enslaving them, Ellen Barrett told
200 people in SUB 200.
"The law that would make me
eligible for deportation when I go
back to San Francisco is part of that
slavery," said Barrett, the first
openly gay minister to be ordained,
in the U.S. Episcopal church.
"The sense of self-hate women
and homosexuals have been made
to feel ... is a part of that slavery.
The nuclear family is obviously in
danger but it's not because of
women and gay people."
Myths about homosexuals are
perpetrated by a fear of the unknown and the church needs more
"humanizing models" to combat
ignorance, she added.
"I think the role models women
and gay people have been given
over the years are bent. I understand why a lot of women and gay
people left the church."
And Barrett said as a lesbian minister she is often unwelcome during
her travels in the U.S.
"I've gone into dioceses where I
wasn't sure there wasn't a reverend
behind every bush with a rifle.
(Vancouver) is lots friendlier."
The movement to admit homosexuals and women into the church
as ministers is growing, Barrett
said. "In the U.S. now we know
who our friends and enemies are."
It is a "fact of life" the
episcopalian church is divided on
the issue of admitting gays and a
consensus among the dioceses will
probably never exist, Barrett said.
Sexism in the church and its
liturgy is something women and
gays should work towards ending,
but it will take a while, Barrett said.
Gays and women should not
leave the church even if they disagree with it, says Barrett, adding
that she opposes all-gay churches.
SFU instructors
threaten suit
Fraser University support instructors are threatening to sue the
university for unfair labor practices
if it cuts back six sections of a
popular curriculum course.
Alison Hopwood, a Teaching
Support Staff Union negotiator,
will lose her job as special instructor
if the SFU administration introduces cutbacks of English
010—an essay-writing course
which annually receives applications for more students than it can
"We have consulted with our
lawyers with the intent of filing an
unfair labor practice suit with the
labor relations board," union
spokesman Mark Lushington said
He said the proposed cutbacks
jeopardize the jobs of Hopwood
and others, and he accused the SFU
administration of intimidation in
the union's current contract talks.
"The most charitable thing to say
about this move is that it is shortsighted," said Lushington.
"This move will not only lose the
university the service of highly-
skilled people in the field (of essay-
writing), but will reduce the range
of courses that the English department would be able to offer," he
And English department assistant
chair Andrea Lebowitz agreed.
"We don't have that much spare
faculty time. And we need competent people. You have to have sessional specialists in the field," she
"Not everyone can teach English
Lebowitz said the SFU administration had been planning a
review of the university's literary
needs, including the essay-writing
course, but has not contacted the
English department since
"We're not satisfied, we've had
no answers," she said. Lebowitz
charged that SFU is willing to use
sessional instructors and shift faculty to teach the essay course, instead
of continuing the funding for
special instructors.
Ticket thief enemy
in UBC impound lot
Edward Underwood Smith might
soon be a very unpopular person
The mysterious gremlin who
snatched more than 1,000 UBC
parking tickets from the
dashboards of unsuspecting double-
parkers during the past four months
could   cause   problems.
Drivers who have already received three parking tickets might soon
find themselves on the UBC traffic
and security department's impound
list. If one or more of the 1,010
mystery tickets belongs to a three-
time offender, there is a spot
waiting for them in the impound
Traffic department supervisor
Drake Smith said Thursday that
drivers who have a UBC parking
sticker will receive warning letters
before their cars are towed away.
But unregistered car owners
won't be so lucky.
"We have no way of telling. If we
don't know who they are their car
will be towed after four tickets,"
said Smith. And he said students
with registered cars will be
prevented from registering at UBC
next year if they have received three
"mystery tickets" and the traffic
office does not have their most recent address.
Students will then either have to
pay the fine or launch an appeal
procedure for the tickets before
they can register.
Both the engineering
undergraduate society, whose initials match those of the mysterious
Edward Underwood Smith, and the
agriculture undergraduate society
have denied responsibility for the
ticket prank, which occurred during
Aggie week.
— geof wheelwright photo
QUADRA CONSERVATIVE CANDIDATE, better known as Invisible Man, makes surprise non-appearance in
SUB art gallery to promote mortgage deductability for residence hotels and unveil latest proposal to move
Ubyssey office to Jerusalem to woo administration vice-president vote in Monday election. Even if elected, paper
will appear Tuesday with extensive election coverage and analysis.
Pot candidate takes the line
LETHBRIDGE (CUP) — A marijuana marketing
board to ensure a safe legal supply of the evil weed is
what one federal candidate wants out of Canadian
Peter   Jones  is   running  in   southern   Alberta's
TORY LEADER . . . has weedy platform
Lethbridge-Foothills riding on a one plank platform —
: legalize marijuana.
With shaven head and a beard halfway down his
chest, the 37-year-old coalminer from Crowsnest Pass
contrasts sharply with other candidates in the Conservative stronghold riding. But Jones says he thinks he
will do well. "I'm the choice for people turned off by
politics, for people who don't usually vote."
"We should grow (marijuana) in Canada, for
Canadian consumption," says Jones, who believes one
Canadian in eight regularly smokes marijuana. "I
would prefer an independent growers' association.
It is important to end the criminal element in the
marijuana trade, worth $1 billion a year in Canada,
says Jones. "The only way to do that is to legalize it.
It's like the prohibition of alcohol, it just doesn't
The only victims of marijuana use are those who
happen to run afoul of the law, says Jones. The more
than 200,000 Canadians with criminal records for marijuana possession have been unjustly treated, he
"I was lucky, I started young," says Jones, who
says he hasn't felt any ill effects from smoking the
weed for more than 20 years.
But Jones is not smoking much during the campaign. "I've had to give it up for the time being, just to
be on the safe side," he said. The RCMP have
reported him several times since the start of the campaign but "they've been polite," says Jones. Page 4
Friday, February 15,1980
Not here for the beer
In Tuesday's Ubyssey one Jeremy
Webber wrote a short, but inaccurate barb about an alleged party in
Buchanan that was not sanctioned
by the proper authorities. Being a
practising Taoist I believe in acting
by not acting, but his letter did indeed motivate me to take pen in
elbow and reply.
First, the errors. The liquor licence was not revoked, it was simply misplaced in a bureaucratic
drawer somewhere. "Party" was
far too strong word, carrying with
it as it does connotations of sodden
students weaving drunkenly to loud
punk music, molesting the first year
students, and second, and third,
and fourth as well with abandon.
No, I prefer the more accurate term
"informal get-together."
And as for the beer, I admit I saw
a couple of irresponsible reprobates
broaching a bottle or two, but I was
assured they were merely sampling
the quality, having heard the beer in
question was approaching the end
of its rated shelf life.
So actually those stalwart souls
were endangering their kidneys for
your sake Jeremy. And you must be
a regular at beer gardens, or else
why would you be so concerned?
How would you like to come to today's bear garden and be served
(ugh) stale beer? Altruism should
not be so abused.
Who paid for said beer? Why,
you yourself did Jeremy. Every
undergraduate society is given
money by the Alma Mater Society
to use as it wishes. Apparently the
arts undergraduate society wants to
spend its allocation on beer. If you
disagree with that policy, why not
run for office and use the money
for a worthwhile endeavor? Tuum
est, bud.
No, most of the few people who
came together by chance last Friday
were too busy sampling other
psyche-distorting substances to
even consider drinking the little
beer there was.
Chris Bocking
psychopharmacology 5
Moon spins mousey tale
I really must say that I found
Daniel Moon's article (California
Dreamers Keep Dreamin', (Page
Friday, Feb. 8, 1980) amusing, no,
downright laughable. The silly
generalizations ("...religious, conservative Mexican people...,"
"Nobody does (sc. drive 55 mph)",
gross inaccuracies ("Few stations
are open..."), the drivel ("Donald
Duck, etc ... are paying more for
gas..."), and far-out newspeak(".
. . calm manicured lawns," ". . .
st ii!y palm-lined streets") all made
me feel as if I was really there and
here at the same time! I guess Moon
Oeveloped his "Mickey Mouse"
style just for this article. Well done,
A lot of what Moon wrote hit
home though — why, right here in
Vancouver you can get your own
hot tub (together with girl if the ads
are accurate) Hari Krishna incense,
Moonies   (no   offense,   Daniel),
jungle of house plants (tape
recorder to talk to them when
you're not there, optional) and boss
car with FM tapedeck to jet you to
the Fred Meyer's in Bellingham (
All of the above were curiously
omitted in Moon's really original
list of cliches). Anyway, you can get
all of this in Vancouver without
that distracting pretension and
smugness that so often accompanies
upper-middle class wealth.
By the way, did you know that
surfers (!!!) are cluttering up Long
Beach? What really makes me think
of California and all that awful
lifestyle is that ad on TV, you
know, the one about the car dealership where the girl says with complete sincerity "It's a place I'd really take a friend." Makes me want to
jump in a hot tub and ralph myself
right there and then, I can tell you!
Anyway, thanks to Moon for showing us that the worst things in life
are definitely 1,300 or so miles
down; we're totally different.
Daniel Moon should be congratulated for providing Page Friday with some really well thought-
out prose in a cleverly constructed
article, the originality of which is
only lost with the realization that
it's been done about a thousand
times before. The next time I want
to read an empty-headed rehash of
cliches written by a no-rate writer
struggling with English concerning
a subject about which he obviously
knows nothing, I'll know exactly
where to look. In fact, if this is the
kind of article Page Friday will
publish in future, it may be a blessing that it dies.
Barry Anthony
astronomy 5
February 15, 1980
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices is
in room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Heather Conn and Tom Hawthorn
I'm not sure they can handle warp drive, sir, opined Steve 'Sony" McClure. Mandy Wheelwright scuttled down to the engine room as Tim Langmeed followed the order to take her out". "Viewer off"
shouted Heather Conn as the ship listed left of centre. Wendy Hunt and Ed O'Brien attempted to beam
up but the transporter room was melfunctioning. "Oh God, They're forming," moaned Julie
Wheelwright. The ship's medic, Peter 'bones' Menyasz walked thru the sliding doors and swore,
"Damn it, I wes drafted. And the sick bey. They've wheeled out the beds, I know socialists, they love
to change everything." Though Kevin Finnegen's speech was slurred he managed to fire the torpedos.
The Free Enterprise tooled by a liberal vacuum was suddenly sucked into a warm hole. Terry Asseltine
cuddled up to Gary BrookfieW and they rubbed their bald heeds together in ecstacy. Holy shit we're
caught in a tractor beem cried Daniel Moon. Meanwhile over on the island Shsffin Sheriff wes failing
the rites of Culinart. J. Vander Meulen finally figured out that the guidance computer was fucked until
the next election end Dave Francis clued onto the carbon units infesting The Ubyyeey. Geof
Wheelwright end Peter Ferguson pointed their jet pecks away from V-Ger and blasted right off
Face reality, vote
Thousands of students in North America,
Europe and Japan are turning away from the
electoral process. Tired of the inertia in national
politics these voters are exercising their
democratic right not to vote.
By doing so they hope to make a statement
about the state of affairs in the western world.
They are sadly mistaken.
A vote that isn't cast is interpreted as apathy
by the media and the political parties. Every two-
bit Nixon in this country has no greater dream
than a no show at the polls by his opponents.
If you opt not to vote on February the 18th you
automatically surrender your say in who runs
Canada's armed forces, prisons and police. And
the price you pay for gas, food and lodging.
If you think that Monday's election is a toss-up
between the lesser of several evils perhaps it's
time for you to get directly involved and run for
the values you think are missing from the ballot.
At the present time Canadians are stuck with
elections and the leaders they produce. The fact
some of our representatives think that Joe Clark
can't lead this country is why we are going to the
polls on Monday. A majority decided last May
that Pierre Trudeau couldn't do the job after an
11 year apprenticeship.
And what about Ed Broadbent? Every pundit
in the country will bet money against the NDP
coming to power. If we listened to the pundits,
most of whom are based in Toronto, the country
would still be run by John A. MacDonald and we
would be spared millions in election costs. Come
to think of it, maybe those pundits aren't from
Toronto at all but from outer space.
In any event the NDP represents the only
viable alternative for Canadians tired of the old
line. There are strong reservations on several key
NDP policies but we feel it is better to move in
the left direction than not to move at all.
For better or worse the M.P. you elect on
Monday will draft laws on issues like abortion,
nuclear energy and inflation. When those laws
pass third reading you'll be stuck with them. For
better or worse.
A joy of f
A change of rulers is a joy of fools. 1
Not voting is defeatist and irresponsible.
When voting, you not only represent your own
opinion and ask that your ideals be heard, you
also represent millions of people the world over
who have no access to change in their own
political system.
The real issue is to make the choice you really
want, not what the media, politicians and polls
tell you is the choice you want. Our position is
that the most humane, reasonable and forceful
vote is for the NDP. They at least advocate some
fundamental changes, changes that are needed
yet avoided by the other parties.
Change is what voting is all about. The ballot
is our tool for making the world better. It would
be worse than madness, it would be stupidity to
throw that tool away.
Daniel Moon, Julie Wheelwright,
Randy Hahn, Wendy Hunt,
Peter Ferguson, Verne McDonald.
A change of rulers is a joy of fools.
It's been said before, but it's never been truer
than now when the real choice offered us in the
federal election is so incredibily limited.
The Conservatives and Liberals are committed
to the maintenance of an unjust and criminal
social order. The candidates of both these parties try to keep the level of political discourse so
low as to keep people's minds off the real issues
that confront us in the world today. Their
records speak for themselves. The Liberals have,
during the past 50 years, sold Canada and its
people down the river so that we've now reached
a state where almost all of our key natual
resources are out of our control.
The Conservatives merely act in the interests
of another fraction of the Canadian ruling class
and are, if anything, committed to an even more
rapid sell-out of Canada's resources. The reactionary nature of the Conservative party has
never been more apparent than in Flora MacDonald's refusal to admit draft dodgers into
Canada in the event of the United States going
to war.
The NDP suffers from a lack of vision and purpose. Many, if not the majority of NDP
members, consider themselves socialists yet the
NDP leadership pursues policies that only serve
the interests of capitalism. Petrocan is a case in
point. There is nothing radical or progressive
about Petrocan or the concept of state intervention in the economy. John A. MacDonald's Conservatives established the Canadian Pacific
Railway, a crown corporation, so that private
concerns would not have to take the risk of investing in a transnational railroad. The state, by
its very nature, acts in the interests of the ruling
The fringe parties such as the Marxist-
Leninists are no alternative either since all they
offer basically is another false choice, another
set of bosses waiting in the wings, eager to seize
state power so their sect or group can dictate the
correct line to the masses.
As for the Rhinoceri, they are a tired joke that
only serves to channel a lot of creative and imaginative people  into an apolitical deadend.
They've proved their point.
So what are we left with?
Well first, the whole point of this little diatribe
has been to outline some reasons why the election is a farce and doesn't deserve our participation. Many will ask what other options are open
to us if we don't vote. You can work for social
change on a local level or by agitating at work or
school so that more and more people will realize
that only we can change our destiny, not the
politicians and bureaucrats. What we need is collective self-rule so we can avoid a global
holocaust. This is not the same as being
apolitical and negative.
Don't vote. Keep strong and take your desires
for reality.
Geof Wheelwright       Steve McClure
Verne McDonald      Kevin Finnegan
Peter Menyasz     Tom Hawthorn
Heather Conn
If Voting Could
The System...
It Would B€
.Against The Law. Friday, February 15,1980
Page 5
Thanks for Short memories
Pacifists not irresponsible
I'd like to respond to the letter of
Eugene Leduc (Feb. 7), because I
think his pro-military argument is a
good example of twisted logic. He
says that Canada is "a peace-loving
country," that "we must do our utmost to preserve this peace (within
our country)," and that "war is a
horror and an evil that must be
avoided at all costs." I agree.
He then says that, "for the protection of our freedom, we must be
ready and willing to defend our
country," and that "anyone who
respects peace and freedom . . . will
voluntarily defend his or her country." Is that how to avoid war "at
all costs?" No. That's empty
Eugene isn't telling us to avoid
war at all costs. He's telling us to
defend our freedom, and he doesn't
seem to stint at using "the horror
and the evil" of war to do it. He
doesn't respect peace, because the
war in which he would participate is
not a great respecter of peace.
He calls pacifists "self-centred
and irresponsible" people, but
they're not. They are people who
have deeper convictions against
murder than against other political
systems. They will trade their freedom to keep peace in the world; is
this "the irresponsible pursuit of
self-satisfaction?" Who is the self-
centred citizen — the one who
makes sacrifices to preserve the
ideals of peace, or the one who kills
other people to preserve his own
way of life?
Eugene Leduc has a right to an
opinion (so far), and if he wins his
war he will still have his right to an
opinion. People should realize,
though, that Eugene is defending
freedom and democracy, not peace,
and I object to hawks that pretend
to be doves.
Eugene's letter states that in today's world the "forces which seek
to erode the freedom of a country
or people are more subtle (than before)." I would submit that the
forces which seek to erode the peace
of a country or people are more
subtle than before. Right, Eugene?
Darrell Bethune
arts 3
When I began my term, I took a
hard look at what was happening in
student government over several
years. What I found were two factions which had continually fought
each other destroying any projects
and any credibility the student representative assembly had. To end
that I decided to encourage both
groups to allow each other's projects to pass.
AMS is big enough that both political and social programs can work
and I would rather be criticized for
what the SRA has done rather than
Ubyssey does dirty work of rich
I strongly object to the distortions of The Ubyssey and its article
of Feb. 1, 1980, an interview with
Hardial Bains. The slanders you
levelled against Hardial Bains are
not true and sponsored by the rich
and their state. Our party has a high
reputation among the Canadian
people. We are a revolutionary party, the only party with a program
for the people. All other political
parries are parties of the rich.
In attacking the work of the East
Indian defence committee The
Ubyssey is doing the dirty work of
the rich. In 1975, EIDC and Hardial Bains took up the task of
organizing the East Indian community against racist attacks of the
rich and their state. For this reason,
he and EIDC were viciously attacked by the property classes. Hardial
Bains was threatened with deportation   but   thousands   of   people
responded to the call of EIDC to
take up self-defence as the only way
and to blame the rich and not the
people for racist attacks.
The support of the people for this
line frustrated the rich and their
state in their aim to deport Hardial
On factual matters, The Ubyssey
is also very wrong. For example, the
Naxalites were founded in 1967 and
Hardial Bains came to Canada in
1959. You report Hardial Bains as a
member of the Naxalites in 1959.
This is one of many factual errors
which stand to be corrected. In conclusion, I want to emphasize the
high regard the Canadian people
have for our party and the leadership of Hardial Bains.
Al Soroka
candidate for
Marxist-Leninist Party
for doing nothing. In hindsight, I
feel that student government worked well under this philosophy and
many projects were completed on
both sides of the fence. This is
mostly contributable to the open-
mindedness of this year's reps to
allow those who want to work for
something to do so.
Over the summer the business office was reviewed. With the help of
the staff, we redesigned job descriptions, upgraded the print shop and
made plans for the installation of
the computer. These changes will
hopefully decrease the bureaucracy
and make things easier for the staff.
Hank Leis and Bern Grady are to be
commended for their efforts in this
Also in the summer, we made a
presentation to city hall and other
organizations concerning the bus
service to campus. Although it is
still inadequate, I believe progress
will be made in this area. The traffic
and parking committee is also making gains such that more student
parking is now available and hopefully the bike path will be upgraded.
The teaching and academic
standards committee was active this
year with an anti-calendar for education. This was a trial attempt and
worked quite well. Hopefully more
faculties will approach this committee in the future.
Concerts is one of our most successful programs this year. Thanks
to Meral Aydin and her hard-working committee, we managed more
concerts than ever before. We are
becoming well-known in this business. However, few people are willing to work as hard as they have,
and it would seem probable that the
AMS will have to hire someone to
handle concerts and other programs.
It appears as if tuition fees will be
going up for several years to come.
I am pessimistic about changing
that. However, I feel that the AMS
could do a great deal towards improving student aid in general. I feel
that this is where we could and
should make a difference.
The main link between council
and the students is The Ubyssey. I
recognize their difficulties in trying
to objectively view the AMS. It
must be realized that they are a
hard-working group of volunteers
interested in putting out a paper.
However, from some of the ads in
the paper it appears that they are in
need of help. I would suggest that if
they were to move from their position of negativeness, they might attract more people. On the other
hand, if everyone that bitched
about The Ubyssey would put some
hours into it, it would quickly become an excellent paper.
One way in which we could alleviate our communications problem is
to start our own publication and/or
news releases. To this end I feel it
would be beneficial for the AMS if
council were to set up a public relations committee to find and implement ways to increase two-way
communication between students
and council.
For the next couple of years, I
can foresee some new problems in
the AMS. We need a larger Lethe,
we are turning down too many
bookings for the ballroom and party room, for club office space and
revenue generators. To alleviate
this, it might be necessary to better
utilize what space we have.
This might mean developing
rooms like 125, the storeroom, the
space beside the bowling alley, etc.
It might also mean cutting bookings
back on those groups which are not
fully utilizing their space. Especially
those that have 10 people in a room1
which has the capacity for 100. In
the long run, we will probably need
to build another building keeping in
mind an expanded art gallery, a
larger ballroom and a need for
more   intramurals   space.   This'
should be done soon, as SUB will be
paid off in one to two years.
In conclusion, I think the AMS is
making progress even though it is
still lacking in many ways. I will be
very interested to see how the AMS
does in the coming years and I
thank you for giving me the opportunity to be president. It's been extremely rewarding.
Thanks especially to Don, Diane,
Glenn, Len, Steve and Valgeet and
to the other members of SRA, SAC
and the committees who made this
year possible. Good luck in the
future and remember . . . tuum est.
Thank you.
Brian Short is UBC's Alma
Mater Society president. Perspectives is a column to regurgitate
dreary old news and empty out your
head. It's more fulfilling than self-
• expand PetroCan to ensure
Canadian oil independence
• develop alternative energy resources
• achieve equal rights for
women and minority groups
• build a Canadian economy for the
benefit of all Canadians
i_J Page 6
Friday, February 15,1980
U off T 'alienates women professors'
TORONTO (CUP) — The University of
Toronto has been accused of discriminating
against women professors.
A report compiled by the women's commission of the students' administrative council charged the university with unfair practices in the hiring and employment of female
academic staff. The report, The Unequal
Academics: Women in University Employment, has been submitted to the Ontario
legislature for consideration in an act to
amend the Ontario 1974 employment standards act.
Should Bill 3 become law the principle of
"equal pay for equal work" will be replaced
with "equal pay for work of equal value".
"It is ironic," the report said, "that
universities have remained particularly reluctant to employ women within their academic
The report points out that nearly 30 years
of equal pay for equal work legislation has
failed to guarantee equality between male
and female academic appointments in Ontario. The report cites the 1970 Royal Com
mission on the status of women in Canada
which concluded that women professors
often earn a smaller salary and occupy an inferior rank than their male counterparts,
despite having similar qualifications.
U of T has taken measures to alleviate the
problem of male-female wage disparities, including a 1973-74 peer comparison review
which adjusted the salaries of 52 women staff
members. In addition, the University instituted an equal opportunity policy in 1976
which was designed to achieve a "mix"
anything but equitable. It presents figures
which show a preponderance of women professors within the lower, non-tenured ranks,
with a disproportionate number of men at
the rank of full professor.
The women's commission report also cites
the recently released Monica Boyd report for
the Association of Universities and Colleges
of Canada which found male-female salary
gaps to be increasing rather than decreasing.
With their heavier teaching loads, women
"are given less opportunity to research,
publish, and secure either merit increases or
promotional advancement." Once the
university recognizes teaching as work of
equal value to research, will women academic
staff enjoy greater equality with men, the
report states.
Martha Hanna, internal assistant for the
students' administrative council and the chief
contributor to the women's commission
report, said that it is difficult to document
any discrimination against female academic
Hanna's views are partially supported by
Dorothy Gillmeister, the equal opportunity
officer for the U of T. "We're living with the
results of wide historical discrimination,"
she said. At one time there was real and
serious prejudice against women."
Although many women professors may
suffer from "systemic discrimination,"
Gillmeister dismissed any active or deliberate
discrimination against women on the part of
the university. She feels the questions raised
by women's commission report are
necessary, and that information presently
available does not explain salary discrepancies.
"Nothing can be said until the matter is
studied further," she cautioned.
Janet Salaff, associate professor of
sociology does not consider herself held back
by her sex. In any case, she said, comparisons
with other professors are difficult due to "a
lack of a standard by which we can measure
Salaff believes that although women
academics may have to work harder in the
early going, once becoming established in the
tenure system, they gain an equal footing
with men.
U of T ombudsman Eric McKee has not
had to deal with any cases of women
academics  claiming  discrimination.
"Problems are rarely presented in that
form," he said. The lack of official
grievances does not necessarily mean that
women academics are content, McKee said.
The grievances of female professors
throughout the university possibly are not being brought to his attention, McKee said.
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Page 7
Riding    profile
Vancouver    Centre
On the wild campaign trail
of Canada's riding microcosm
Grey-haired pensioners and
members of two younger generations stand shoulder to shoulder in
the packed auditorium of the Denman community centre. For such a
casual looking crowd, it's going to
be a lively all candidates meeting
this evening with enough heckling
and rowdiness to disturb even the
most enthusiastic candidate.
As any Vancouver Centre candidate will say, this is much more
than an ordinary riding. Vancouver
Centre has no block vote which any
one party can count oh. It's a street
by street battle, and one all three
close contenders admit will be won
in the trenches.
The Rhinoceros party candidate,
called an "intellectual fascist" by
the Communist candidate, provides
welcome comic relief, but most people have come to hear Liberal incumbent Art Phillips, New
Democrat Ron Johnson and Conservative Pat Carney.
Much of the audience is waving
placards. NDP and Tory signs are
numerous as their party organizers
were passing them out at the door
to anyone eager enough to take
embarrassed and quickly promise to
One elderly woman says, "I like
you but you're not my man."
"That's okay," says Phillips, "as
long as you vote." No overt
pressure here. Phillips is a popular
man with bus drivers who invariably honk, prompting
passengers to look out and point at
the personality.
•   *   *
In contrast to Phillips and
Carney, NDPer Ron Johnson
knows how to handle himself in
front of crowds. He exhibits neither
the detached attitude of Phillips nor
the nervousness of Carney. During
the question period, Johnson gets
cheers from the crowd when he out-
talks a loud, burly heckler who is
trying to intimidate him on the subject of PetroCanada.
Johnson speaks clearly and is
well briefed in his material. He
tends to shout his speeches and accompanies then with a steady pounding motion. He looks like the
"angry" NDP candidate, but the
effect is lost when he keeps this up
for so long that his gestures become
Pat    Carney    is    nervous.
Art Phillips
7 would
going with
unless we're
one. Only a handful of red Phillips
signs are to be seen, painful
evidence of the Liberals' poor planning.
Tory workers in white nylon
jackets are sitting in the front row
and by the end of the meeting red,
white and blue Tory signs cover the
front of the wooden stage.
Phillips' performance is disappointing. Even party faithfuls are
silent as their man delivers a long
and muddled speech on the growing
problem of prostitution in the West
End. Phillips cites various reports
which state that the Conservatives
have done nothing to alleviate the
His incoherent rhetoric does not
interest the audience and mere
discontent transforms into open
hostility as hecklers drown him out.
Many people are bored and hope
Phillips will soon move on to
another topic. He doesn't.
At the beginning of the meeting
Phillips was cool and confident. He
seemed sure that he would go over
well with the crowd, but the reaction he receives is unexpected. He is
so cool and in control that he does
not touch the audience. When
Phillips finished his speech only a
few signs are raised in support.
*    *    *
Bus stopping is a standard electioneering ploy now and Centre
candidates have become a familiar
sight to early morning commuters.
Most people standing at the Davie
and Thurlow bus stop are visibly
impressed as Phillips hands out
leaflets, talks to members of his
constituency and asks them if they
have been enumerated. A few feel
Throughout the evening she rings
her hands and twists her necklace
or ring. The hecklers drown her out
and throw her off balance. When
speaking, she hesitates looking for a
word and makes a circular motion
with her hand to fill in the space, so
that she appears unable to explain
clearly what she wants to say.
She is on the defensive, not the
offensive. After an attack by
Johnson she reacts angrily saying,
"If Mr. Johnson will tell Alberta
what they can charge for their oil,
then I hope he is prepared to have
the rest of Canada tell B.C. what it
can charge for pulp and lumber."
The last question from the floor
is asked by a man who had been
chatting to Carney workers and
clapping and supporting Carney
during the evening. As he crosses
the floor to wait his turn at the
microphone, Carney smiles at him
as if in recognition. He asks a
friendly question about the mortgage tax credit.
Ten days earlier in front of a
more affluent, politer crowd
Carney had introduced Joe Clark at
a party rally in the gilt and cream
Pacific Ballroom of the Hotel Vancouver. She was overly serious but
carried the introduction off well.
Coming down the stairs from the
stage someone said something to
her and she broke out in a wide,
child-like smile of relief.
The morning after the all candidates meeting Carney continues
her routine of bus stopping. A
young woman, one of Carney's
workers, takes the lead in introducing Carney to the voters. A man
who had been at the meeting says
she should not let the hecklers rattle
her. Carney agrees. But he adds
that it shows she cares even though
she is not as slick as the others.
None of the three major candidates
for Vancouver Centre are aware of
student issues and concerns. They
do not consider students to be a major factor in the riding. They remain surprisingly unimpressed
when told that there are 2,500
students in the riding who were absent in May. The student vote
represents a sizeable chunk in a
riding won by Phillips by only 85
votes over Carney. Johnson was a
further 2,000 behind.
Phillips says the UBC vote is extremely important for Peter Pearse,
UBC economics professor and
Liberal candidate for Vancouver
Quadra, and it appears that only
Pearse is actively seeking the student vote.
The Canada Student Loan program, which the Liberals introduced in 1970, is widely criticized for
being inadequate. Its major criteria
for financial consideration is parental income and the program does
not treat students as individual
adults, complain most student
All three candidates are unfamiliar with the program and
answer in generalities when queried
about it.
Phillips says he will look at the
system for changes, but will not say
when or what changes will take
"It needs revision. The whole
program should be reviewed,"
Phillips says between shaking hands
at bus stops. "It's not something
I'm pretending is first priority in
our legislation but I would like to
see it done in any case."
Johnson is not familiar with the
student loan program but feels that
in principal there should be no tuition fees and a university education
should be accessible on the basis of
academic ability and not on the
basis of income.
"I don't agree with that (penalizing people who live at home), but
on the other hand I can see there is a
problem if you are a student from
an upper income family. You
shouldn't necessarily qualify for the
same amount of support that a person from a lower income
background should qualify for,"
Johnson says during an interview at
his camapign headquarters.
Even though Pat Carney
graduated with a master's degree
from UBC in 1977, she is unaware
of rising tuition fees. Because she
worked her way through university,
she never had to take advantage of
the grant and loan system, she says.
"I want to stress the point that
my stand would be on giving
students access to the funds they require to go through university but
'Clearly the
problem is
that there
are no jobs.
U.I.C. won't
solve that.'
Ron Johnson
on a loan basis or a partially refunded basis.
"We don't pay all the costs of
our going to university and we all
earn more money by going to
university. So I don't feel that there
is any requirement of the taxpayer
to give students more money. I'm
not suggesting we should give more
outright grants. I do feel students
should have access to funds they
can repay later when they're earning more money."
Many students, who work part-
time jobs find themselves trapped
by unemployment insurance regulations. After having worked a part-
time job during the school year,
their U.I.C. benefits for the summer are calculated on the part-time
job rather than the full-time job
they held the previous summer.
This means they receive substantially lower benefits.
Carney and Johnson said they
were not aware of this but were willing to look into it.
"It would disturb me if there
were disincentives for the students
to work. The object is to get jobs
and fund yourself through university, whether it's part-time work,
full-time work or loans and
grants," says Carney.
Johnson says that the real problem lies in there being no jobs.
"Clearly the problem is that there
aren't any jobs. You can't solve
that by merely amending the U.I.C.
regulations, although certainly I
favor doing that. The real problem
is job creation."
Jobs could be created by short
range programs in the form of
capital works programs for housing
and rapid transit, he says, adding
that long range industrial planning
is the true key to improving
Canada's economy. The NDP
would target certain areas to put
money into, such as farm implements, a merchant marine and a
petro-chemical industry, Johnson
"You can target sectors like that
across the board in the economy in
areas where we can be competitive,
and where it is of value we should
have investment. That should be
planned jointly with government
and the industries concerned."
Phillips, Johnson and Carney say
they're not satisfied with the level
of research in Canada. Phillips says
he favors the research park at UBC
although he was unaware of the
Pat Carney
'Give the
funds they
require for
but on a
loan basis9
controversy on campus about the
"If it helps, there should be a public
forum," says Phillips. "I don't
want to see the university endowment lands turned into a giant area
of factories. If you can do it
without spoiling the value of the
university endowment lands, there
should be a research park."
He does not feel that science and
technology will undermine arts and
humanities if plans for the park go
through and although he likes the
idea of the park, Phillips is not promising increased grants.
"I would be very careful about
promising increased funding
because the federal budget is running at an $11 billion deficit and it's
very easy to say we would support
this or increase that. We hope to
form the next government and
we're going to have to live up to any
promises we make. It (research
grants) would be a matter of the
availability of funds."
High technology research is a
personal priority of Carney's. She
supports all the Tory programs introduced during their administration to give tax incentives to
research and development which
Carney sees as vital to Canada's
future. Carney says that a well
trained labor force is one of our
biggest assets in this field.
Johnson says the government
must take the lead and initiate
research and development and must
insure that the benefits are not shipped to a foreign country along with
the mature technology.
"We would see the government
providing direct monies for a
significantly expanded amount of
research and also through taxation
policies again with private industry.
But the difference with private industry (under NDP policy) has to be
that we have to have guarantees
that when we as Canadian taxpayers pay for the research and
development in Canada that we also
produce the end technology in the
country," says Johnson.
Phillips says there has been a
"tremendous change" in the status
of women. Although women still
face difficulties in the work force,
he does not see legislation as the only answer.
"Legislation is important to
make it clear what the intent of
society, should be but attitudes
don't change just because of legislation. They often take a little more
time." But he does not foresee
much in the way of legislative
On abortion, Phillips says he
feels the "present laws are a good
attempt to deal with that situation.
The main problem is the administration which has to be more
consistent than it is right now."
Johnson says the outreach programs which were more successful
than manpower in finding jobs for
women should be re-instated. Permanent action plans in the federal
civil service and clauses in federal
contracts should be implemented to
ensure women a place in the work
force, he adds.
"Another question is the princi-
See page 8: LARGE Page 8
Friday, February 15,1980
Riding    profile
Large gay vote could
hold key to Centre win
From page 7
pie of equal pay for work of equal
value which has to be enacted.
Again the government should be the
model employer and should
guarantee that. Now many of these
laws unfortunately are provincial
but the federal government can set
the pace, be the example and
pressure the provincial governments
to act the same way in their jurisdiction."
Johnson also says there should be
funding for daycare and that the
criminal code should be amended to
make abortion a matter between a
woman and her doctor.
Besides the proposed legislation
for affirmative action programs for
women announced recently by
secretary of state David MacDonald, Carney says prime minister
Joe Clark has enhanced the status
of women by his actions. He appointed women as external affairs
minister, as speaker of the Canadian senate and as "commissioner
of Canada House to the shock of
the male establishment."
Although Carney does not personally support abortion, she supports legislation which allows
women free choice and equal accessibility and treatment.
"My personal opinion is that
while I don't personally
countenance abortion, it is a matter
between a woman and her doctor. I
wouldn't lay my own views about
abortion on other women," says
Personal experience has turned
Carney into a strong supporter of
daycare and its role as an instrument for moving women into the
work force.
"Basically my position is very
simple. If you want to mobilize
women in the work force you have
to give them the same support
systems that enable them to do that
as we now give men. You can do
that through tax incentives and
more ample deductions for daycare.
"The present deductions for
children do not cover the costs a
woman faces or a single parent man
faces in going to work. Until my
son was five I had a full-time
housekeeper as I had to work and I
was never allowed to deduct the
cost of that full-time housekeeper.
"Of course it was imperative that I
have someone at home so that I
could go out and work and support
us. I've never got over my resentment of the fact that men could,
and I used to argue this with Edgar
Benson, the finance minister,
deduct their secretaries, their goddamn yachts, their cars, their clubs,
and I wasn't allowed to deduct my
housekeeper. I am absolutely committed to that as somebody who
went through 12 years of raising
Vancouver Centre is one of
Canada's few ridings in which the
gay community could make the difference. Though both Phillips and
Carney respect the gay lifestyle, the
position of their parties is hardly
Phillips has been criticized for
not taking a stand on the issue in
the last election.
"I reserved my opinion on that
(gay rights) before because basically
it was the official Liberal position
to await that study (from the
human rights commission) before
making a commitment. I would
support the inclusion of sexual
orientation in the human rights
code," Phillips says. Vancouver
East Liberal candidate Art Lee has
said that the Liberals have no party
policy on sexual orientation.
The Conservative position on gay
rights was to have been formulated
by David Crombie, the Tory
minister from Toronto's Rosedale,
a riding demographically similar to
Vancouver Centre. But the last time
Clark was in town he asked Carney
to take over the position paper on
gay rights. Carney says gays should
not be discriminated against and
should be protected from
discrimination by legislation, just as
any other citizen should be protected.
While such a position can hardly
be construed as an endorsement of
the gay lifestyle, it is unlikely the
Conservative party would adopt
that kind of policy. Tom Siddon,
Tory candidate in Richmond-South
Delta and former UBC professor
has called the gay lifestyle "repugnant."
Johnson feels that the other parties are Johnies-come-lately to the
issue of basic human rights.
"We support the inclusion of sexual orientation in the human rights
code as a prohibited ground for
discrimination. That is our party's
policy and we are the only party
that has that as a policy," he said.
"The Conservatives, in an attempt
to cater to the gay vote, have
adopted our policy. In fact that was
Pat Carney's position, that she even
said that it appears she has adopted
NDP policy.
"And I say fine. That's how
change is made, when you fight,
you organize and you push and people eventually start agreeing with
you. But the leadership on that
issue has certainly come from the
The Tory mortgage tax credit has
been attacked on the grounds that it
is a subsidy to home owners at the
expense of others. Carney disputes
"Homeowners were the target
group. Renters already get the full
benefit of that (mortgage tax credit)
program because landlords can
already deduct mortgage interest
and property taxes from their income. You (the renter) are not paying that now. All we're doing with
homeowners is putting them on the
same basis as renters," Carney says.
"You're not really subsidizing
them. No money is going from your
pocket to do that. There's an
assumption in your statement to me
that only the rich own stocks and
only the rich own homes. The
largest single group of
homeowners, 35 percent, are skilled
and semi-skilled people. Most people are we."
The NDP also has a mortgage
assistance plan for people whose incomes are below $30,000 annually.
To finance the mortgage assistance
plan, increases in the old age pension and other social expenditures,
Johnson proposes to review completely the whole system of corporate tax concessions and writeoffs, closing the tax loopholes for
deferred taxes.
"We have all kinds of money out
now in deferred taxes that essentially the taxpayers who do pay taxes,
ordinary working Canadians, are
financing. There are millions and
millions of dollars that the federal
government will never collect that
are deffered taxes."
Both Johnson and Phillips say
their parties would launch an aggressive program through the
Canada Mortgage and Housing
Corporation to combat the housing
shortage in Vancouver.
The Liberals and Conservatives
have not yet decided upon a policy
for nuclear power and its handmaiden, uranium mining. The
federal NDP has come out strongly
against both.
See page 11: THREE-WAY
Aqua Soc, the Canoe Club,
UBC Diving Team and Synchro Swim B.C.
Thursday, Feb. 28,12:30
Men, Women & Mixed — 5 person relay team
2 Km Jog • 200 M Swim • 4 Km Cycle • 200 M Sprint
culminating in all 5 members scaling a 12' wall.
One team per intramural unit.
Register by Friday, Feb. 22, Rm. 210 War Memorial
Friday, Feb. 29,12:30
* underwater video by CAN DIVE sports *
12:30 Mclnnes Field, for Landlubbers Male & Female
Kicks off at 12:30 noon, Fri. Feb. 29th
and continues Mon., Wed. 8- Fri. of the following week
Friday, Feb. 29th, 8:00 p.m.
A campus-wide dance featuring the sounds of RAGE
SUB Ballroom
Door Prizes, Good Eats and (Hic-up) Fun!
Tickets $2 (going fast!)
Available in the AMS business office, or Rm. 210, War Memorial Friday, February 15,1980
Page 9
Riding    profile
Vancouver    Quadra
If your vote in Vancouver Quadra was a
potato chip, which dip would you choose:
There's a no-name "invisible" brand, in
a blank container with bland, watery contents that drip when spilled and take no
constant form (indigestion guaranteed);
A smooth, slick package containing a
syrupy, but sticky sugar-coated glob that
will jump out at you from the shelf if you
don't buy it;
And a solid, spicy concoction with a well-
mixed variety of garnishes, usually found
on the left shelf, but not a top-selling
These are the products, along with other
lesser-sold goods, that can ripple your
political crackers in the federal election. On
Feb. 18, look for these three leading
choices: Conservative Bill Clarke, Liberal
Peter Pearse and New Democrat Alan
But if you're more interested in the products' fine print, the story behind each face
could ring up a No Sale for the investigative
consumer-voter. Questions on student
housing, the Canada Student Loan program and women's rights brought blank
looks and vague, ignorant answers from
Clarke. Pearse was visibly uncomfortable
and avoided direct answers on Liberal
defence policy. Bush told jokes at all-
candidates meetings and people wouldn't
laugh; he often falls back on the party line
but his answers on many issues were
thorough and informed.
Bush was the only candidate to give
precise and adequate answers on changes
needed in the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation to provide more funds for
student housing. He endorses federal
government initiatives to redirect money
from banks, insurance companies and pension funds into the corporation for student
housing. He said current Canadian needs,
such as housing, are not being met because
the country's capital is invested in foreign
repressive regimes — not here.
Pearse says he would "closely examine"
current housing provisions in CMHC which
are crucial in developing student residences,
but did not elaborate. He recognizes, in
vague terms, the need for increased federal
financing for student residence renovations. "I want to see a rationalization of
changes to enable, particularly at UBC,
needed renovations to student residences."
Rhino candidate Verne McDonald gave a
typically self- indulgent answer to the housing problem: "I'd sure like them to build a
house for me on campus," he said. "I
recommend a tent housing development on
Wreck beach and to expand summer session
to decrease the pressure on winter session
for housing."
On his first UBC election visit, Clarke appeared oblivious to any student housing
problem. He said UBC is "fortunate" for
the amount of student housing available
and as if refusing to believe a shortage exists, added the university's residences currently have vacancies. He gave no opinion
of CMHC and its effect on student
residences. But at Wednesday's all-
candidates meeting he suddenly said he
recognized a problem, but added the corporation is doing a good job and he'll encourage its mandate. (It's the old "Keep up
the good work" routine, so hold onto that
In the same line of ignorance, Clarke said
Selecting the right brand is
a Quadra voter's quandary
Peter Pearse
he considers inadequacies of the Canada
student loan program "not a big issue."
"I think it's operating satisfactorily and
no one has ever suggested to me the program needs a major overhaul," he said at
his first election address at UBC. When a
female listener later told Clarke that
students' eligibility for a loan depends on
their parents' financial status, he replied: "I
think it (the loan program) probably needs
some work. No one has written to me that
this should be changed." Meanwhile, he
complains of the low salaries of MPs.
McDonald has an equality policy to solve
the students' financial burden: "I think
there should be UIC (unemployment insurance) for everybody, working or not
working. Rather than student loans there
should be direct monthly grants," he says.
"If a student manages to put in seven years
without graduating, they should get a raise.
I'd thought of it as a method of correcting
the class divisions."
Bush admits he's not familiar with all the
ramifications of the student loan program
but recognizes "clear discriminatory practices." The program and how income tax
relates to it should be examined, he says.
He thinks the student grant portion should
increase and be automatically pegged at inflation each year. He agrees with the current 50-50 cost sharing arrangement bet-
Alan Bush
'The Tories set up a
^f   task farce.
In Ottawa, the
women are paid
less than men.9
ween provincial and federal government for
loans and grants.
In competitive sales, Pearse has been the
most ardent campaigner of the election,
lobbying for every student vote he can get.
At Wednesday's all-candidates meeting he
unhooked the microphone and stepped
down from the speakers' platform to get
"in with the people." At the last board
meeting, he was one of two non-student
members to vote in favor of sending a letter
to UBC's senate notifying needed changes
in admission policies affecting Iranian
students. (He said the letter did not have
much credibility, and it was really the
senate's jurisdiction anyway, so why not get
it out of the board's hands?) At the same
time, it was obvious popular opinion on
campus favored laxer restrictions for Iranians. Chock up more votes and grab
another chip.
When interviewed, Pearse adamantly
reiterated his role as UBC professor,
senator, faculty association president and
board of governors member. His literature, '
complete with photo of a bespectacled Pearse in academic gown, proclaims:
"He has worked for you in British Columbia. . . He will work for you in Ottawa."
And yet, when receiving probing questions
on the research park, tuition fees and other
board matters, he dismisses them, insisting
they lie within provincial jurisdiction and
his position on board matters is completely
unrelated to his role as a federal candidate.
Clarke, "Mr. Invisible," blends in well
with the woodwork and was probably briefed by campaign organizers on what a student looks like before stepping foot on the
UBC campus.
Bush is still plodding along, counting up
any additional votes, still hoping he can
make it to the big 'O' with his fingers crossed. He thinks 60 per cent of Canadians
"think exactly" what the NDP believes, but
just aren't familiar with the party's policy.
But it's rumored Bush is afraid
McDonald will steal a sizable number of
potential NDP votes. The Rhino candidate
said he has thoroughly enjoyed himself this
election. "I came four times," he said, beer
in hand. "I'm coining another time
Pearse's latest advertising enticement is
an improvement in students' tax credit. He
advocates changing the current $50 deduc
tion allowance to a percentage deduction,
to be more "fair" and avoid raping the
poor. Clarke supports increasing the $50
deduction and Bush has no specific opinion
on the issue, other than falling back on
familiar party lines. (The NDP favors
universal accessibility for education.)
Pearse said he thinks hinging students'
eligibility for a student loan on their
parents' financial status is inappropriate
criteria. Students can be treated as individual adults on their own, he says.
On women's rights, Pearse gave no
specific policies or legislation proposals and
mentions nothing of women in his campaign literature. He said a federal government can spread information and education
on women's affairs, but is unsure if governments can impose women's rights "by
force. I think we we're making some progress in it," he says.
Clarke's campaign literature shows him
smiling weakly (in color) with every minority group in Canada but women. His pamphlets don't include a word on women,
despite his assertion that the Conservative
party has done more than any government
in Canada's history in this area. "We have
more women in more key posts," he claims.
But Bush tells a different Tory tale about
promoting women's rights. "The Conservatives set up a task farce. They showed the
most blatant neglect of parliamentary staff.
In Ottawa, the women are paid less than
men." He said the NDP caucus requested
that parliament immediately set equal pay
for equal work, and it was not done before
the Tory government fell.
Clarke says he has no concrete policies on
encouraging women to enter the labor force
and adds with noticeable disinterest: "It's
not a particular issue of mine." He says he
doesn't know what voters expect the
government could or should do, and says
women's rights are "in the realm of the
secretary of state."
Bush is the only candidate with a strong,
viable position on women's rights. His campaign literature includes a heading Equality
for Women and lists five areas of needed
change: reinstatement of Outreach programs, improved UIC regulations, realistic
child tax credits, Affirmative Action endorsement, and increased federal funding
and support for good child care. When interviewed he gives long and detailed examples of women's discrimination in
Canada and outlines definite policies:
• "UIC requirements are discriminatory. Women in lower wage groups
can be exploited by large corporations.
They can lay women off and rehire them
later. The NDP would reverse those things.
The UIC requirement that women must
work more than 20 hours a week is hard for
a working mother with kids."
• "We support day care facilities for
mothers working. We would make day care
See page 11: CLARKE
Bill Clarke
'We have
more women
in more
key posts.9 Page 10
Friday, February 15,1980
Riding profile
Burnaby, Kingsway
On the road with Ian. Simma and Drew
Driving along Kingsway, the
smell of carbon monoxide blends
with the sounds of cars rushing
by and the general cacophony of the
traffic. This is the land of used car
There are three major candidates
vying for a seat in the riding of Vancouver Kingsway in Monday's election.
But if you're a student in the area
the choices are limited, and if
you're looking for a candidate well-
informed on student issues, you're
out of luck.
The most knowledgeable and
thoughtful candidate is incumbent
Ian Waddell, interviewed at his
makeshift campaign headquarters
on Kingsway.
"The NDP has advocated a
greater percentage of the gross national product go into research and
development in Canada," he says.
"Presently a lot of researchers have
to go to the U.S."
But when asked if there would be
equal funding for arts programs
and the humanities he replied, "I
don't like to see it as an either/or
Waddell is the NDP communications critic, but admits the communications issue is a "sleeper."
"We shouldn't lose those advantages. We've done great things in
satellite communication and our
government shouldn't be afraid to
support those kind of things."
But while increases in science and
technology research grants are badly needed, the Conservatives have
promised a $2.8 million increase in
the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and $5.8
million for the humanities
Waddell fared better on his
knowledge of student financing,
saying "students tend to be a low
income group and rather badly
Though it is not NDP policy,
Waddell says he is in favor of a free
university education system.
After talking with members from
the National Union of Students,
Waddell says he is aware the
Canada Student Loan program is
badly in need of improvement.
"I gather from some of the stuff
the National Union of Students
have told me that there needs to be
revision of the program. I don't
know a great deal but I think there
has to be more money given to the
grant portion."
While Waddell has taken the
time to talk to student groups about
the issues, he is rather vague about
what kind of improvements should
be made to improve the situation.
International students have borne
the brunt of racist attacks recently
WADDELL . . . Ottawa bound
and Waddell expressed his concern
for the distortions of a television
report "The Campus Giveaway,"
which portrayed Chinese-Canadian
students as foreigners preventing
other Canadians from attending
"People phone and say we
shouldn't be encouraging foreign
students, and they've been misled
by the W5 program, and the (media
coverage of the hostage incident in
Iran involving) Iranian students."
"When it's tight economically
you get those kind of feelings."
But while his concern seems
sincere, too often he falls back on
his record in parliament and the
"positive attitude" of NDP leader
Ed Broadbent and the party in the
development of an industrial
Conservative candidate Drew
Taylor was eating at a local lobster
and steak house when interviewed.
Mulling over a campaign pamphlet
displaying a picture of a teenage
Taylor posing with his grandfather
"famous hockey hall of famer Fred
Cyclone Taylor," and the Stanley
Cup, he is clearly embarrassed.
He sheepishly explained that he
hadn't made the pamphlet up. He
gladly moved on to politics.
"Other than my personal party
politics I'm going to do quite a bit
(for students). 1 am youth, only 27.
I represent a fair spectrum of my
age group," he says.
But Taylor says the Canada Student Loan program is fair and mentioned that when he was a student it
was a game for people to see how
much they could abuse the system.
"I think the system is fair. I
know when I was a student it seemed to be a very big game to take out
as much as you can without paying
it. The federal government has been
negligent in trying to get it back."
While he claims to be trying to do
"quite a bit" for students, it is
clearly obvious he has little
knowledge of the financial problems facing students. His gross
generalizations based on his personal experience seem dangerous
for a possible policy maker.
On the issue of foreign students,
Taylor says they don't deserve to be
protected by the Canadian government while in Canada.
"We're all for exchange of
cultures and providing them with a
better education," he says. The
quotas (for the numbers of foreign
students allowed to enter Canadian
universities) have been set up to
protect Canadians.
"I don't really know the
ramifications of policy in that area.
I can sit here and spout promises
but I won't. But I don't think they
should be protected by the government when they get here.
"Sometimes it's difficult
because they hang around in their
own little cliques, we all know
But even Taylor was more helpful
than Liberal candidate Simma
Holt was standing on a podium at
the back of the room at a heavily
crowded Liberal meeting. She smiled when hearing her name called extending a hand, but her smile faded
rapidly when she realizes that what
she thought was a party flack is
really a student reporter.
She explains that she is a former
journalist and says she hates inaccurate reporting. She says her campaign was late getting started and
she is "booked right up."
Holt adds there is no university in
her area, but says she does work
with students and sees them all the
time. When asked if a later
telephone interview would be more
opportune, she begs off.
TAYLOR . . . cy-clone
If her response can be taken as
any indication of her concern for
student issues, it would be better to
have an eggplant as a member of
parliament, quips one undecided
student nearby.
But unfortunately for students,
Holt is Waddell's biggest competition. She held the riding from 1974
until she lost to Waddell in the last
May election.
While nothing can be said about
Holt's policy on issues of energy or
women's rights Taylor and Waddell
clearly outlined their positions on
these issues.
Both Waddell and Taylor agree
nuclear power should be restricted
until a safe method of waste
disposal is discovered. Waddell's
position is compatible with the
NDP line. He mentions the
November anti-nuclear demonstration in Ottawa, where he says he
was the only one present over the
age of 33.
"I met the student group there
Svend on the rvn in fickle Burnaby
Burnaby is a politician's dream
It can be pleasant enough for the
local politician running on the coat
tails of a national trend, but the incumbent betting on a fickle electorate has been unexpectedly beaten
enough times to make it a nightmare.
And the Conservatives think they
have just that kind of chance on
Monday. Spotting what they think
is a softening NDP vote, Hugh
Mawby's organizers are campaigning feverishly to turf out young MP
Svend Robinson.
The NDP, convinced that they
are in for an even tighter race than
last May's, is grateful that the election was called for in February —
the Simon Fraser University student
body representing a sizable voting
bloc may well be Robinson's saving
The biggest local issue has ballooned from student complaints in
September that there was simply no
place to live in Burnaby. Facing a
critical housing shortage, many
Burnaby voters are carefully examining hastily prepared party platforms on this unexpected issue.
Robinson, a lawyer and former
student politician at UBC, says an
immediate stimulus in government
spending is needed to increase the
number of both student and single
parent dwelling units. He says this
can be achieved through a "nonprofit cooperative building
project," which would be aided by
an immediate two per cent drop in
interest rates by a federal NDP government.
Liberal candidate Doreen Law-
son, who finished a distant third behind Robinson and Mawby in May,
agrees that student housing at both
SFU and the B.C. Institute of Technology is in a deplorable state.
"You can't give students much education if they don't have a place to
live," she says, blaming the shortage partially on Conservative budget cutbacks.
But the Tories' Mawby blames
the provincial government's rentals-
man's act for the acute crisis. And
he says rents must be kept high if
entrepreneurs are ever going to
make a decent profit.
"I know students can't afford
those high rates, but if I invest, I've
got to get so much money back.
That's the free enterprise system,
which I strongly believe in."
Although many Canadian graduates are leaving Canada for other
countries after graduation, Mawby
says the government has no justification to ask them to contribute to
the country. He says there should
be greater federal funding for the
development of Canadian technology and research, but quickly adds
there is no necessity to create more
lucrative job situations for new Canadian professionals.
Robinson is calling for a program
of compulsory work periods during
which trained graduates remain in
Canada for a specific period of time
to "repay society for his
"A medical doctor costs the government about $60,000 to send
through school and he should be expected to give back at least a small
portion of that debt," he says. He
suggests a one-year period spent
serving the more isolated Canadian
communities should serve as adequate recompense.
Although Robinson says he recognizes the problem of a brain
drain to the U.S., he adds that Canada must stress tertiary and secondary industries before developing research.
Lawson says that by emphasizing
ROBINSON . . . going?
the development of higher technology, the loss of highly trained Canadian students will be alleviated.
This development must take precedence over tertiary and secondary
development, she adds.
Robinson is also calling for further funding of the Canada Student
Loan program so that there would
be a higher grant to loan ratio. But
those students who move into the
more lucrative jobs should be obligated to "repay their debts to society," he says.
and two things struck me about it.
There were French and English
demonstrating together, and it
reminded me of my days as a student when I first got involved
politically," he says.
"I think the nuclear issue is the
biggest thing of our generation. It's
immoral to proceed with nuclear
power because we don't have the.
right to kill the next generation."
Taylor agrees with his opponent
that nuclear power should be halted
until safe disposal methods are
found but his knowledge of the subject seems limited and he admits he
could be persuaded to change his
mind if "some smart guy comes
"I'm glad in B.C. it's not our
policy to go ahead and build
nuclear power. In 1980, I'm against
nuJ-^ar power but that might
change if some smart comes along
and says, 'hey, I've got the
answer.' "
He adds the government must
"really safeguard a plant and not
have something like that Three Mile
Island thing." Taylor suggests that
B.C. develop its coal resources and
find ways of making it more energy
"Coal is an awfully dirty
substance," he says.
Waddell is obviously willing to
take a much stronger stance on the
issue and calls for the formation of
a federal uranium inquiry board to
investigate the dangers of mining in
Canada. He charges the federal
government agreed to set up such a
commission but "dragged their
heels" on it.
"They dragged their heels on that
commission and we (the NDP) said
there shouldn't be any more
uranium mining until that commission had made its report," he says.
But while there may be some
superficial agreement between
Waddell and Taylor on the issue of
nuclear power they are at opposites
when discussing women's and gay
Taylor falls back on the Tory line
blaming the Liberals for failing to
bring about equality for women in
the labor force and says while equity is important for women the ones
he's met campaigning want to talk
about metric conversion.
"We know that past Liberal
policies have been allowed to die
over the years. We are committed to
bring back training and education
~ programs (for women). I know
Flora (MacDonald external affairs
minister, is absolutely for women's
"Not being a woman myself I
don't have the same comprehension
of the situation of discrimination as
a woman would. It's something I'll
never have to deal with unless 1
become a transvestite."
Taylor is equally evasive when
faced with issues such as abortion
and suggests if the Conservatives
win a majority they will put all controversial questions like capital
punishment and legalization of
marijauna and abortion to a national referendum.
"The public should have the
responsibility not pin it on the
government. That's no way to run a
But the one social issue Taylor is
willing to take a stand on is gay
rights. He is not in favor of gay
"I'm just getting into politics;
you've got to give me some kind of
break. As a whole I don't advocate
gay rights to be brought into the
streets and by the same token I'm
not in favor of prostitution."
Taylor has also gone on record
refusing to attend a gay rights
meeting. Friday, February 15,1980
Page 11
Riding profile
race in
Centre, Quadra
From page 8
"I would oppose going with
nuclear energy in B.C. unless we're
absolutely desperate for energy and
we're not, at least over the next 20
years," Phillips says. He concedes
that energy is a problem in Ontario
and it would be understandable to
have nuclear power as a viable alternative. "Nothing is perfectly safe."
Carney proceeds cautiously in this
area, mindful of the fact that
energy must come from some
source. Through a parliamentary
review Canada must decide what it
wants to do and where it wants to
go with nuclear energy, she says.
"Before I say that I would ban all
nuclear technology or ban all activity in that area, I really want to
know what are the alternatives. Is it
flooding the entire Liard and
Sitkine? Is it digging up half the
Rocky Mountains? I loathe
flooding the rivers. I think that is as
environmentally distasteful as
nuclear waste."
Johnson says Canada must end
exports of natural gas and Canadian petroleum products and
hydroelectric power. Exporting
energy is not in Canada's best interests, he adds.
"Conservation has to be a focal
point of any energy strategy. One of
the things there has to be is rapid
transit. Urban rapid transit has to
be a priority right across the country."
Since U.S. president Jimmy
Carter announced his support of
the Northern Tier route, tanker
traffic on the West Coast has
become an unexpected election
Johnson says Canada should sent
a high powered delegation representing all parties to Washington immediately after the election, and it
should argue vigourously for a
Canadian land route.
"We should lobby as effectively
as we can. Beyond that if that
doesn't work, we have to be tough
on the 200-mile limit and we have to
keep those tankers as far out as
Carney says it is naive to think
that Canada can dictate how the
Americans can transport its oil. The
time to complain about tankers on
the West Coast was 10 years ago but
the Liberals paid no heed to
Western interests then, she says.
Carney says Carter's current
choice of Northern Tier will fade
away after the American election is
horses around at Quadra nomination
over, because the route is too expensive and environmentally
"The point where Trans-
mountain takes oil on is 18 miles
west of Port Angeles. It's the furthest out. The Northern Tier is
several miles east of Port Angeles.
Also because Canadian pipelines
are involved we can make mandatory Puget Sound hookups and
therefore limit oil tanker traffic in
the Strait. That gives us some
clout," says Carney.
Canadian foreign policy has also
come to the forefront in this election campaign. Phillips says that
the Liberals disagree strongly with
the NDP on whether Canada
should pull out of NATO and
"We think those are defensive
alliances which are useful to be part
of," Phillips says.
Johnson says his party's policy to
pull out of NATO and NORAD is
kiss of death
based on the fact that those two
organizations are arms of American
foreign policy and do not serve the
Canadian role abroad.
"Canada would gain more
respect and have more effect on an
international level if we were independent in our foreign policy and
we most clearly have not been,"
says Johnson. He admits that the
party may have to review their
policy on the basis of a changing
world, but such a change would
have to be authorized by the party
as a whole.
Carney says the goodwill of the
U.S. engendered by Canada's
rescue of its six embassy staff
members from Iran can be
translated into something more
concrete than congratulatory
telephone calls.
"A heroic act like that which was
done so skillfully and with such
competence at the cabinet level wins
you lots of Drownie points with
other countries. I have no doubt
that the gratitude of the Americans
for a well done job can be traded
off for concessions that are in our
Phillips will not be pressed for
specific committments from the
Liberals if he and his party is
returned to power Monday night.
The only promise he reiterates is the
extra $35 per household increase in
the guaranteed income supplement.
Phillips' first priority in the
House of Commons would be to introduce a private member's bill that
would turn over the control of Vancouver's ports to local hands.
Johnson is running for the fourth
time in Vancouver Centre. "If it
wasn't for people like myself who
were prepared to run against tough
odds we wouldn't get anywhere in
this country, we'd never make any
changes. In fact the polls now seem
to be indicating, if we're not the
front runner, we're the party to
beat in Vancouver Centre."
Clarke campaign
petering out
From page 9
a 24-hour concern. The Conservatives did nothing."
• "With the Outreach program, many centres were closed
across .Canada. The Liberals cut
back the program by S3 million.
We (the NDP) would fund Outreach and expand it."
In the social services market,
Bush says it is ludicrous for the
Liberals to take credit for Medicare. The NDP did all the fighting, work and research for the
program, he says. Liberal social
policy is put in place at a convenient time to buy votes, adds Bush.
On Trudeau's offer of $35 a
month for. old age pensions he
says: "It's easy, simple, it goes
over." When the old age pension
was set in 1952, it was 17 per cent
of the average Canadian income.
Currently it is at 13.5 per cent and
the NDP's $40 would bring it back
to 17 per cent, says Bush.
The NDP would give a housing
allowance "to those who need it,"
based on the level of guaranteed
income supplement, he adds. Seniors would get up to $50 a month
for rent; a maximum $600 a year
and would be granted with $120 a
year in property taxes of seniors'
own homes.
Clarke says the Conservatives
have no specific policies for the
"old folks" old age security supplements. He thinks a commission
should be established to review
pensioners' needs and how to best
meet their income security. The
Tories plan to negotiate with the
provinces to help senior citizens
with a special shelter allowance,
he says.
Pearse blows his horn for the
Liberals claiming they are responsible for Medicare, Canada
Pension plan, income support
programs for "needy and disabled" people and guaranteed income policies, which Bush says
were only implemented after the
NDP's Dave Barrett brought Mincome to B.C. He has recommendd
an investigation of the problems
facing single pensioners, most often women, as covered by Canada's current pension system.
(Pearse claims he's on the left of
the Liberal party when it comes to
social services.)
The 47-year-old Liberal, who
tried unsuccessfully for the
Quadra nomination in 1974, looked his worst at a recent all-candidates' forum on world disarmament held at the Ridge theatre. He
fumbled his way through evasive
answers on Liberal defence policy,
receiving loud boos and catcalls.
"I can't speak for the Liberal party," he said. "I've only been in
politics for a few days." (In a telephone interview, Pearse didn't
hesitate to dwell on his long involvement in politics — some false
advertising for the consumer.)
When it was obvious he
couldn't answer questions audience members posed, Pearse fell
back on familiar territory, complaining of Conservative inconsistencies in foreign policy and
other unrelated subjects. Finally,
after direct raucous requests from
the crowd, he spoke of the Liberals' endorsement of NATO and
NORAD and Pierre Trudeau's effect of making Canada "a trusted
conciliator for peace."
Bush says he and the NDP condemn Russia's aggression in Afghanistan and don't support Carter's "jumping on the war
wagon." He supports technologi
cal and economic boycotts and
thinks a Canadian endorsement to
support the U.S. in war would be
like "strutting on an empty stage.
What the hell can Canada do if
the U.S. and Soviet Union kill
each other 40 times over?"
Canada should not be aiding
nuclear proliferation in the manufacturing of weapons, says Bush.
He supports the provincial NDP
party position that no nuclear energy or uranium mining should exist in B.C. "There's so much evidence of danger involved, it's absolute folly to look for safe ways
to go about it." (But the federal
NDP party policy only calls for a
moratorium on nuclear energy,
until someone discovers that it's
Bush said he thinks much research should be done on alternate
energy sources such as solar energy, co-generation (use of an electrical plant with 80 per cent efficiency that would greatly reduce
requirement for natural gas), electric cars and improved conservation . techniques. He recommends
direction of funds towards conservation through research: better
design of cars and homes. Bush
said he is in favor of continuing
nuclear research.
Bush said he favors an indigenous Canadian economy, independent of the U.S. "Good fences
make good neighbors," he says.
"The Liberals invented the Canadian flag and they're selling everything right from underneath us. I
really resent that. We're being
pawned by the Liberals."
Bush went into great detail to
describe how the NDP would help
stimulate Canadian manufacturing, by providing funds to develop
Canadian inventions. Definite improvements in the Canada patent
office and Canada patent development corporation are needed to
prevent national inventions from
going to the U.S. for manufacturing. The NDP would be committed to increasing the percentage of
the gross national product spent
on research from 0.9 to 1.5 per
cent, he added.
McDonald has a simple answer
to Canada's economic woes: liberalization of marijuana for direct
revenue, tourism and the service
industry ripple effect. "A balance
of trade and foreign exchange
would wipe out the federal deficit.
It would take 18 months and within two years, Canada would have
no deficit."
A member of the Economic
Council of Canada, Pearse says
the Tory budget is a tax ripoff and
the NDP party uses "pernicious
approaches" to Canada's economic affairs. "The trouble with
the NDP, it's so dogmatic," he
says. "They seem to want to solve
international affairs by regulation
and bureaucracy. As soon as a
problem arises, the NDP will immediately try to dream up some
Clarke is convinced the Conservative budget with its 18 cent
gas tax works in the best interest
of all Canadians.
Are you still holding a chip?
If so, and you're still shopping
for a local dip, re-evaluate your
product, or else savor your
And remember McDonald's
stand on capital punishment:
"Anyone who lives in Ottawa is
being punished enough. Eat the
rich." Page 12
Friday, February 15,1980
'Tween classes
Caribbean night, 8:30 p.m., International Houee
upper lounge.
Gey people vs. UBC debating dub debate, noon,
SUB bedroom.
Valentine dance, 9:30 p.m.. Graduate Centre
First openly ordained woman In Episcopalian
church speaks, noon, SUB porty room.
Valentine's party, 8 p.m., Cecil Green Perk.
Anti-nuke event, noon, SUB concourse.
Chinese New Year and disco, 6:30 p.m.. Peninsula restaurant.
Fifth event in slalom challenge series, registration from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m., B-lot.
Kerne Sutra position six, bring cucumbers and
mayonnaise, 1 a.m., Wheelhouse party room.
Anglican-United Communion,  noon,  Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Voting at your own potting station, all day,
Testimony meeting, noon, SUB 211.
Conversation groups, noon, Buch. 218.
Free identification clinic,  6 p.m.  to 8 p.m.
Museum of Anthropology.
General meeting, noon, SUB 130.
Lecture on biomedical research at TRIUMF, IRC
Former CBC Moscow correspondent Devid Levy
speaks on  the  Russian underground,  noon,
Buch. 106.
Fat is a feminist issue discussion group, noon,
SUB 138.
Ash Wednesday service, 7:30 p.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Angtican-United-SCM   community   meal,   5:30
p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Hot flashes
AM9 presents
concert effort
If groupies, lights, rock stars,
loud music and strange nocturnal
lifestyles mean anything to you,
listen closely.
There are openings in one of
B.C.'s fastest growing concert promotion companies  — your Alma
Mater Society. Applicants must be
willing to endure harried managers,
eccentric singers and obnoxious
fans. Insanity is an asset. Apply
now in SUB 246 or phone 228-5336.
B-lot Mees
The engines were racing, the
adrenalin was flowing and the
drivers were sweating deeply as
they sat in the oil-stained seats.
They were part of a special breed of
modern high speed navigators,
ready to meet any challenge.
After they died, a bunch of
students took over the sport and
decided to meet this Sunday in
B-lot for the fifth event in their
Slalom challenge series, with
registration from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m.
Vroom, Vroom, coughl
Here's an opportunity to gain a better understanding of the
culture and customs of the Province of Quebec and become
more fluent in the French language through summer
employment in the Provincial Government of Quebec. The
British Columbia Ministry of Labour is accepting applications
now for the 1980 British Columbia/Quebec Work Exchange
Program which will provide job opportunites in a variety of
ministries within the Quebec Government for up to thirty
university students from British Columbia.
These job opportunities will involve a minimum of ten weeks work
between the months of May and August, 1980. Salaries will be determined
according to the student salary scale of the Province of Quebec.
Any registered full-time student at the University of British Columbia,
Simon Fraser University, or the University of Victoria is eligible to apply
providing they have a working knowledge of the French language, have
lived in British Columbia for one year, and are a Canadian citizen.
Information regarding available accommodation in Quebec will be
provided to students prior to departure, however, it is the responsibility of
each student accepted in the program to pay their own rent.
Students wishing to apply should complete a Ministry of Labour Youth
Job Application Form and Questionnaire.
Applications and Questionnaires are available from the
Canada Employment Centre on campus, from the Ministry of
Labour Youth Referral Service in Victoria, or any of the
following Ministry of Labour Youth Employment Offices:
Lower Mainland Areas: 4946 Canada Way, Burnaby V5G 4J6
Victoria: 808 Douglas Street V8W 2B6 387-1131
FEBRUARY 29, 1980
Province of Ministry of
British Columbia Labour
S.A.C. Reps on . . .
• Thunderbird   Winter   Sports   Center   Management
• Aquatic Center Management Committee
Tuesday, February 26th, 1980 — 4 p.m.
Students needed for. . .
• Elections Committee
• Budget Committee
• Art Gallery Programs Committee
• Whistler Cabin Management Committee
Friday, March 14, 1980
Diane Campbell
Secretary SAC
MATES: Campus - 3 Him*. 1 day M.60; additional Knits 30c
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day #3.00; additional fine*
90c. Additional days $2.78 and 46c.
Cbtssimd ads are rnt accapted by te/^ihpna and are payaaM In ed-.
vanee. DeadHne it 11:30 a.m.r the day before pubSeetkm,
. PubJications Office, Room3*1 S.U.B., UBC. Van., B.C. V6TTW5
5 — Coming Events
35 — Lost
GSA FOLK NIGHT 8:00 p.m. Fri. Feb. 15.
Everyone welcome. Good music, bar, open
stage after 11:30. In Garden Room at Grad
REWARD: Women's gold Seiko watch lost
Tues. Must find please. Phone 224-0648.
Free Public Lecture
Optics and color vision expert
from England speaks on . . .
The speaker is widely known for his
work in the physics of color and the use
of color in art and for therapeutic
SATURDAY. FEB. 16. AT 8:16 p.m.
50 — Rentals
66 — Scandals
On Feb. 18 "BLACK CAT BONE" and "THE
LIPS" will be at the Fog Show in the Pit.
EROTICISM. Una Wertmuller's SWEPT
AWAY is in SUB Theatre this weekend.
Thursday, Sunday 7:00 p.m.; Friday, Saturday 7:00 p.m. and 9:30 p.m.
UBC SCIENCE FICTION: Writers' workshop
for all interested S.F. writers in SUB 224 at
10:00 Sunday.
70 — Services
10 — For Sale — Commercial
LIMITED OFFERprints from slides. Regularly
$.59. Now only $.39. Offer expires Feb. 29,
1980. Cx Photolab 4480 West 10th Ave.
LIMITED OFFER: 16" x 20" Custom Color
enlargement from negatives. Regular price
$15.50. Sale price $11.50. Offer expires
Feb. 16, 1980. Cx Photolab, 4480 West 10th
Ave. 224-4215.
COMMUNITY SPORTS SPECIALS: Sherwood H12ROK Hockey sticks $4.95; grey
sweat pants $9.95; polyester hockey jerseys
$9.96; racquetball racquets $9.95; bicycle
panniers, $14.95; Wilson World Class tennis racquets $29.95 (strung); grey-colored
down jackets $34.95; Nike LDV Or Osaga
joggers $39.95; Waxless X-Country ski
package $79.50; and dozens of other well-
priced items at 3615 West Broadway,
11 — For Sale — Private
HP-25 SCIENTIFIC Programmable Calculator.
Hardly been used. Call 681-6573 after 6:00
1&— Found
PREGNANT? NEED HELP? Call Birthright
for free confidential help. 687-7223. We
care about you.
80 — Tutoring
86 — Typing
TYPING for manuscripts, term papers.
Reasonable (from $.80) rates. (Marpole
Area) 321-4270, Valerie.
TYPING 80c per page.
Experienced typist.
Fast and accurate.
Phone   Gordon,
20 — Housing
ROOMS FOR RENT 2280 Wesbrook. Phone
224-9679. Ask for Chris or Ted.
WANTED TO SUBLET from April to
September Irving space in a co-op house or
a one or two bedroom apartment west of
Burrard. Northern view preferred. UBC
Secretary References. 224-6927.
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
TYPING. Essays, theses, manuscripts,
including technical, equational, reports, letters, resumes. Fast accurate. Bilingual.
Clemy 266-6641.
YEAR ROUND expert essay and theses
typing from legible work. Phone 738-6829
from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.
EXPERT TYPIST. Essays, term papers $.75
per page. Theses $1.00 per page. Phone
Rose: 266-7710.
rates. 266-5053.
90 - Wanted
keeping physically fit? If so, you are invited
to join a new program, in which we will attempt to match you with an exercise partner. Get involved, get fit, no cost. For further information call David Myles 733-9015
(early evenings).
WANTED TO BUY. Your Grandparents old
toys and trinkets. Phone 224-6550 after 6:00
99 — Miscellaneous
UBC CAMPUS COOP DAYCARE anticipates openings for children 1V4 -3. Part-time
and full-time. Phone 224-3828 or 228-1326.
Little Exp. Fantastic Tipsl Payl $1600-$3800
summer. Thousands needed. Casino's, Res
taurants, Ranches, Cruises, Rafting, etc.
Send $4.95 for Applications/lnfo/Referrals.
Lakeworid 141. Box 80129.
Sacramento. CA 96860.
ON Exchange
Apply Now
Info. SUB 216E Speakeasy  Art aoDreciation is not a lost art form
For the unitiated, contemporary
art can be a scary encounter. Many
people feel that artists and their art
have lost touch with everyday reality, are too intellectual and don't
even try to address the public.
Art galleries, too, have a strange
mystique for many that is as impenetrable as a force field.
Four UBC fine arts graduates will
show sculpture and paintings in the
AMS art gallery in SUB from Monday to Feb. 29, and will show
they're not strange mystics who
want to befuddle the masses. And
at the show's opening from 8-10
p.m. Monday, Wendy Hamlin, Mar-
jorie Harris, Scott Plear and Betty
Wetmore will be on hand to explain
their works.
Misconceptions and foolishness
are the main reasons for the
public's distance nowadays from
the artist.
We must dissolve
into the work
much as we
would when
we make love
Historically, much of western art
has been regarded as a commodity.
Art was something that could be
bought and sold and it consequently had an artificial value and was
available only to the rich. Paintings
and sculpture were conceived as
marketable products and the processes by which they were created
retained little importance. In short,
you had to be wealthy to enjoy art.
Art has been and is the victim of
another phenomenon that doesn't
do it justice. This phenomenon is
applicable to all the arts, from architecture to the theatre, and can
best be described as snobbery.
The art world has more than its
fair share of snobs who make it
their business to prevent the public
from sharing in their carefully-
established monopoly. They are
responsible for the intellectual
stigma that art seems to entail.
They discourage public participation by giving the impression that
art can only be enjoyed by those
who have studied it for years.
Many occupy high positions in
the art world, as writers, critics,
teachers, curators and artists.
These groupies thrive on elitism and
use art as a prop for keeping their
well-polished noses pointing
straight up into the air. Traditionally, much contemporary art has
been controlled by a small group
who usually have very little to do
with the creative process.
The public also plays a large role
in maintaining the huge distance
between art and itself. Our society
has produced a public capable of
responding only to pre-packaged
spectacles and we seek immediate
sense gratification that can be obtained only through what Scott
Plear calls 'intravenous arf.
We plug ourselves in to electrical
contrivances that do all the thinking
and imagining for us. When we
don't receive that immediate
stimulus, when we are required to
contemplate, consider and visualize
for ourselves, as we must when
confronted with modern art, we
usually run up a blank stare of incomprehension.
When entering an art gallery, we
must temporarily switch ourselves
off. If we go in with predetermined
ideas of what we want from art
we're necessarily going to be disappointed.
Art that addresses itself to the
viewer's expectations is worthless.
Faced with a work of art, we must
remove the blinders of our conditioning and enter the realm of free
We must rely on our sensibilities,
not our intellect. We must suspend
all beliefs and allow ourselves to
dissolve into the work much as we
would when we make love.
The work of art must never be
seen as an end in itself but as the
outcome of a process. The work of
art is simply the evidence of a process, of action not of accomplishment.
Sincerely applied, these efforts
are always greatly rewarded.
Through its powerful visual properties, painting and sculpture offer us
unique means of communication.
Broadly speaking, art addresses
itself to the problems of existence
and is particularly well-suited for
this because it speaks on a purely
instinctive level.
Furthermore, the art of the past
provides us with a visual
demonstration of our historical
evolution. Historical sensitivity is
essential for our outlook on the
future. A society that ignores the
past has no future, at least not one
that it can control.
As one develops a sense for color, form and texture, visits to art
galleries become increasingly gratifying. One doesn't develop a taste
for art overnight. Plear compares
/•**?. *9tirH&
UBC ART GALLERIES . . . widen the narrow horizons set by television and rock
the process of developing an appreciation for art to developing a
taste for baseball. A rookie baseball
fan is going to respond quite
passively to the first game he ever
sees but the more games he goes to
the more his sense for good plays,
styles and strategies progresses.
Art appreciation is like a good
marriage: you give 80 per cent and
SIGNS AND SYMBOLS ... a world of external vision and inner conflict and understanding
take 20 to keep it functioning
smoothly but that 20 per cent return
is much richer than the investment.
The art galleries at UBC help
maintain the stimulating and
challenging environment that
students need. They provide the
means for widening narrow
horizons in which the television and
rock cultures have confined us.
Gallery space in Vancouver is greatly limited for young artists and as
Betty Wetmore says, the UBC
galleries provide space for the
serious artist who has completed
basic training but lacks practice and
experience. The preservation of
these galleries is essential for the
continuation of broadly-based
higher education at UBC yet they
are starving for both spiritual and
physical support.
The AMS gallery committee needs
bodies. You don't need to have
read half the Fine Arts library or be
an aspiring Picasso.  You simply
must be convinced of the value of
art and must be willing to learn and
to get involved. Whether or not the
fine   arts   will   survive   at   UBC
depends entirely on support from
the student body.
"If all the exhibits held in galleries
o consisted of tried and true images,
o the role of the artist would be
a- finished and we would all be the
$ losers," says Wetmore.
§    Would we miss seeing the results
| of this sort of activity? You bet we
E wouldi We would then be deprived
5 of voyages of discovery made by
a people attempting to penetrate the
* mysteries of their world. We would
not see the search for signs and
symbols that depict not only a
world of external vision but also
one of inner conflict and understanding.
"Consciously or unconsciously
we rule ourselves according to our
understanding of time, space and
the function of existence and
death," says Harris. "The artist can
assist in comprehension of these
complex and confusing problems
by helping people to deal with them
intuitively. If I make a personal
discovery I must accept the responsibility for communicating that
Hamlin has a different perspective.
"One day this summer I found
myself staring at the largest turkey
in the world. It weighed 300 pounds
and was covered with emerald-
black feathers highlighted by a head
and neck radiating irridescent red,
magenta, and cerulean blue.
"As he strutted back and forth
the light would catch his coal-black
eyes, challenging his admirers to
match his magnificence. He hissed
and stamped his feet while ruffling
and spreading his tail fan,
mesmerizing his audience with an
ancient ritual. He was opulent and
possessed a terrible beauty. And I
was hooked.
"It is impossible to explain why
certain images hold power for me
but they often make their presence
felt with a sudden fury, and they are
always magical. I paint them
because the act itself rewards me in
a way which nothing else I have experienced can, and ifs really that
Page Friday 2
Friday, February 15, 1980 Personal mythology inspires Mandel
Eli Mandel, a noted Canadian
poet, critic and anthologist, has
been an important influence on the
Canadian writing scene since the
early 1960's.
He has edited such classic works
as Contexts of Canadian Criticism
(1971) and Poets of Contemporary
Canada: 1960-1970, and is author of
poetry volumes Black and Secret
Man, An Idiot Joy and Stony Plain.
Mandel, a professor of English
and humanities at Toronto's York
University, who is currently a
visiting professor this year at the
University of Victoria, was on campus last weekend delivering a series
of lectures on Canadian poetry. In
this interview, conducted by Page
Friday reporter Dave Francis in the
cozy carpet 'n concrete that is
Buchanan Tower, Mandel reflects
on his own poetics and poetry in
general in Canada.
PF: One of your concerns as a poet
has been the creative process, how
one goes about writing a poem.
What are your views on this?
Mandel: The difficulty in writing is
the mystery of what it is one is doing. Writing itself is a peculiar activity — the idea of living one's life
in words. It is because of the oddity
involved in thinking about oneself
in language that I have become interested in trying to articulate the
problem, to say something about
the creative process, what it actually is. People say there is a problem
with thinking about the creative
process too much, spending too
much time as a critic rather than a
creative person. This has not been
my experience. I feel the more you
know about the creative process,
the more likely you will follow more
interesting lines in structure. At the
moment, I am interested in the problems of structure in my poetry.
PF: I've noticed in your most recent
volume of poetry. Out of Place
(1977), you've been experimenting
with other verse forms such as
sound poems and concrete poems.
Mandel: Thafs true. There are a
number of such poems in the collection. There is also a good deal
about my concept of duplicity, of
doubleness, called the dop-
pelganger section. This section is
actually experimental, I really did
see my double and that led to the
We all have
our own private
poem. But haying seen that, having
encountered that sense of
doubleness, of alienation from
myself, of being cut off and observing myself objectively, that struck
me so strongly that I have tried to
explore that notion in my poetry.
Also, I like the idea more and more
of organizing a book along such
themes, rather than just a collection
of separate poems.
PF: What got you started writing
poetry initially and when did you
decide to start publishing?
Mandel: There are a number of
things I think we should sort out
here. There are differences between writing and publishing. A
young writer should try to get
himself published, but there is a difference between the impulse to
write and the impulse to publish.
There are different versions which
you tell yourself of why you write or
how you got started. Clarke Blaise,
in North American Education,
quotes Sartre as saying one experiences their own mythic moment when the question of individuality becomes clear. This
mythic moment is the moment
when you are named and known
and everyone has their own personal version of that moment — of
One of my first books was
called Black and Secret
Man and I guess that tag
has stuck with me
when you finally know your identity.
Graham Greene has a beautiful
book called the Lost Childhood in
which he says the first book you
really read provides you with the
metaphors for the rest of your life
and in a way names you and tells
you who you are for the rest of your
PF: Is this what you mean by the
idea of one's personal mythology?
Mandel: Thafs right. Michael Ondaatje has a beautiful line in one of
his poems when he says, "why do I
love most among my heroes, those
who go out to the farthest edge'
where there is no social fuel?"
That is a question a writer must
ask of himself — what is his personal mythology? I think that with
any writer, before you talk about
publishing, you talk about their personal mythology.
In terms of my own mythology,
ifs the sense that for me, at one
time or another, words became
magical. That may have been when
I read certain kinds of things, such
as Doc Savage or when I became
caught up with the idea of
romance. It could have been my
grandfather - rabbi Berner who told
me stories, or my grandmother who
gave me the impression that being a
poet was important, or my own
sense that there were stories I could
tell myself about myself. My personal mythology is all in some way
connected with that. Searching out
your own myths is similar to the
way native Indian people go out on
their own vision-quest, looking for
their real name. We all have our
own private vision-quest.
PF: Were there any particular
writers who influenced you during
your early years of publishing?
Mandel: I had been writing poetry
for a long while before publishing
any of it. I had published poems in
college magazines and had published during my stint in the army.
I had met a lot of poets just at the
end of the war and that affected me
a great deal. I can't recall any of
their names, but we talked a lot
about poetry and poets at that time
—  poets such as Auden, Owen,
Eliot, Yeats and Hopkins. As a
result, I gained a sense that there
were contemporary things to be
done in poetry.
When I was a graduate student at
the University of Toronto, I met
Raymond Souster and I had one
poem published in the Northern
Review. Souster asked me if I had
enough poems for a small book and
I told him I had 20 or so.
I gave him the poems and three
weeks later he called and said, 'Hey
boy you're in. You're going to be
published.' That book was called
Trio Poems and came out in 1954.
PF: What is the present state of
peotry in Canada and what needs to
be changed in poetry for it to appeal
to a wider audience?
Mandel: An interesting question.
Clearly something remarkable happened in Canadian poetry between
1960 and 1975 — an extraordinary
explosion of writing.
Five hundred books by about 600
poets were published over that
period. A book of poetry could be
guaranteed to sell around 2,000
volumes and a really good poet
could sell 10,000 volumes or more.
tional swing from romanticism to
classicalism, from individualism to
Mandel: That is an intriguing notion. There was a development in
past decades of the oral tradition,
partly through the Beat poets who
initiated the idea of public readings.
There was also a poetic sense that
was part of North America at this
time; people were involved in ways
in which they could articulate
themselves. It was something that
was possible to do — you could
write poetry and people would
listen to it.
Now there has been a swinging
back. The smaller publications have
been squeezed out of existence by
the larger ones and the computer
revolution is integrating greater and
greater sections. of society. The
poetic impulse of the 1960's is
beginning to disappear.
PF: Are there certain elements of
society which are conficting if not
detracting from poetry?
Mandel: Yes. I would say that
television and film, as the primary
sources of imagery in our present
culture, absorb a lot of the interest
and energy poetry would normally
My advice to young aspiring
poets is to get into TV and film and
learn how to work creatively with
those media forms, because visual
imagery is as much poetry as the
verbal image.
One of the distinguishing
features of newer poets such as Atwood or Ondaatje from poets who
preceded them such as Layton or
the early moderns like Frank Scott
and A.J.M. Smith is the contemporary culture.
A writer like Layton is classical
and mythological in the older tradition, while Ondaatje will invariably
develop his imagery out of everyday
moden culture. In this way, poetry
is made accessible to a much wider
audience. Classical mythology, the
Bible, and literary traditions are no
longer the sole sources of imagery
in poetry.
PF: How do you go about writing a
poem? What is involved in your
own personal creative process?
Mandel: I tend to begin with a kind
of irritation, a kind of pressure inside my head — a feeling of
tenseness. There is also a feeling of
there being a sound, a cadence, a
rhythm and then an image.
Sometimes when that happens I sit
down right away and type it out. I
usually work quite quickly which is
why I've avoided using longer verse
forms. When I'm typing. I'll make
up to 20 drafts of a poem before I
even get the first version. When I
come to a break in the creative impulse, I'll stop and go back over the
work until I can make all the right
connections. Ifs a process of
writing and re-writing, in short.
PF: When you are intially conceiv-
. . . there is a difference
between the impulse to write
and the impulse to publish
It appears we are past that crest at
the moment and the reasons for
this are varied and complicated.
The reason for the original boom
period in Canadian poetry involves
the development of an intense
Canadian nationalism, a new
publishing technology and a
widespread concern with
regionalism and local interests.
Also, there is the mysterious and
wonderful emergence of gifted people like Iving Layton, Leonard
Cohen, Al Purdy and Margaret Atwood, all of whom came along in a
certain sequence over a certain
period of time.
PF: Is current public apathy
towards poetry a part of the tradi-
ing a poem, do you have any
rhythms, images, or general poetic
structures that you tend to follow?
Mandel: Sometimes when you get
inside a certain kind of rhythm or
sound you tend to stay with that
element. I have been astonished to
find that I have written poems that
to me sound all alike or all have the
same sets of images.
At the moment, birds are very important figures in my imagery. I
can't explain that — it just happens.
Ifs an obsession. There's an awful
lot that is obsessive and compulsive
about writing.
It is not so much technical, as
synesthetic — a feeling of all the
senses coming together around a
set of images. And it only works if
they sound in a certain way.
PF: Some critics have described
you as a pessimistic poet. How do
you view your poetic outlook?
Mandel: My first instinct is to say it
is not pessimism in my poetry. I
want my work to concern itself with
harsh aspects of reality. There are
all sorts of conditions that we as
human beings have to face that
must have their place in poetry.
Allowing your poem to absorb
and reflect certain aspects of reality
doesn't necessarily indicate
pessimism. I find the charge of
pessimism a harsh judgement.
It may well be that you
perpetuate certain myths about
yourself. One of my first books was
called Black and Secret Man and I
guess that tag has stuck with me.
One the other hand, if people
thought I was pessimistic then,
they're going to think I am even
more so now — my upcoming book
will be called Killer Bees and it takes
the prevalence of torture in the
world as one of its main themes.
PF: What is your intent in concentrating on the harsher realities of
Mandel: Telling one's story is one
Poetry is
living the world
in words
of the great themes of tragedy and I
think one of the great themes of
poetry. I think of poetry in that way:
to tell my story, to give articulation
to any of the things which happen
to me.
Poetry is living the world in
words. The energy of the language
is the very thing which saves the
world. The worst moments I've had
are when I realized poetry may not
have anything to say anymore.
Then what I discovered, as in my
book Stony Plain, is that you must
write about the impossibility of
writing, of expressing yourself.
PF: So language, though limited, is
man's only tool for voicing the
phenomenon of individual experience?
Mandel: Ifs the best thing man
has got. The only answer to brute
force. The only way we can surpass
mere brutality.
PF: Have you ever considered
writing fiction or contemporary
drama in addition to poetry and
Mandel: I once started a novel
years ago but abandoned that.
Most of my energy is spent writing
criticism and poetry, which is closely connected to my work as a professor and teacher. I like writing
criticism, seeing things come
together in certain patterns.
I intended that my last book of
criticism. Another Time, should be
a companion piece to my last book
of poetry, Out of Place. The titles
are meant to mirror each other and
the connections are meant to be
made between the poetry and the
When it comes to longer structures like fiction or drama, for me,
they have been poetical or critical in
nature. I recall sending a copy of
Another Time to Ondaatje and inscribing it, "my first novel, Mike."
His humorous reply was that the
setting was fine, but he couldn't
follow the plot.
PF: As a venerated critic and anthologist, you have had quite a
directing force on Canadian poetry
through the years.
Mandel: One hopes that if one has
had an influence, it is to the good.
Friday, February 15,1980
Page Friday 3 Poor Chance worth it in Being There
BEING THERE . . . Sellers escapes Cloussesu persona
WARNING: Frequent suggeetiv'e scene.;    MARRIED COUPLE
some  coarse  language.-B.C.   Director .   ^dL.-j.   ,,
SHOWTIMES: 2.00. 4:00. \L_
•:oo. 8:00.10:00 The comedy
           that fools around a lotl
6»5 6»?«
SHOWTIMES: 1:30, 3:30.
5:30. 7:30. 9:30
Werning: Some frightening end violent scenee—B.C. Director
JOHfiCARWfSS      ^^.^^ ^B^f   I
WARNING. Coers. J£™Q22^mml™* m
|^i,.i;,~_rS-..   language throughout; sell IAJtMI JPHFMl A
eome nudity, suggeetlve scenes and %e^*e^earBTwWa  ■awejajwa^
violence. - BX. director A WAY OF LIFE!
4.60, 7:16. 9:40
|0ca,^^rilHoBm.MEs HORSEMAN
2:16.4:40.  ROBERT REDFORD
..,«anv,.l«     7:269:46       JANE FONDA
6 8 2 - 74 6 8 ®*^" Columbia Picture* Industries, inc -universal City Sludtos Inc  All Rights Reserved
PT24B7»\0>h      RONNIE BARKER ^
Warning: Occasional nudity
and • wearing. — B.C. Dir.
SHOWTIMES: 7:30, 9:30
CAMBIE at 18th
WARNING: Some coarse
lenguage. — B.C. Dir.
SHOWTIMES: 7:16, 9:15
|7 0 7   W   BROADWAY
874 1927
SHOWTIMES: 7:30. 9:30
MlfcltlW  ttsFlH
r at A KI r I r *.       a! l1^ I r* 1
(The comedy that comes out of the closet)
WARNING: Occasional
nudity end suggeetlve
scenee. - B.C. Director
SHOWTIMES: 7:30. 9:30
4375   W.  IQth
2 p.m. only        (DES ENFANTS GATES)
The last few years have seen the
triumph of the bland in political life.
Leaders like Joe Clark and Jimmy
Carter are generally perceived to be
mediocre non-entities, yet it is for
this very lack of charisma and verve
that they are elected.
Being There
starring Peter Sellers
Vancouver Centre Cinema
Taking this as his starting point,
American novelist Jerzy Kosinski
paints a bleak and depressing picture of one man's rise to prominence in his novel Being There.
Kosinski has now adapted his novel
for the screen and the result is a
highly entertaining farce that lam-
basts the world of the public image.
The anti-hero at the centre of
Kosinski's morality play is a man
called Chance, brilliantly played by
Peter Sellers. Chance has lived his
whole life in seclusion working as a
gardener for a rich man in New
York. He has no conception of
what goes on outside his four walls
beyond what he sees on TV.
Thus Chance's view of the world
is incredibly distorted and limited.
Upon his master's death Chance is
thrust out into the real world and is
literally "trapped in a world he
never made."
From the start Chance is
enigmatic. Everything he says is
wrapped in cliches drawn from
television. His absolute non-
attachment is taken to be the sign
of a deep and intellectual nature hying beneath the surface. Unfortunately Chance is a blank, a man
without any ideas or concerns.
Sellers is perfect for the role. His
career has been marked by a constant struggle to find a medium
where he can use his talents to the
fullest. His last few performances
as Inspector Clouseau have been
formulistic and routine, leaving little
room for his abilities to shine
His performance as the clueless
Chance shows just how capable he
is of good serious acting. Every
move is carefully studied and
Sellers plays it for laughs as much
as he can while the entire world
hangs on his every word. The ending is right out of the blue and is
the perfect capper to an imaginative
and thoughtful film.
The movie does have a lot of
weaknesses however. Chance's
meteoric rise to fame as a presidential advisor is a bit hard to believe.
Somehow things are supposed to
have   deteriorated   to   the   point
where the leaders of a great nation
are capable of being conned by an
inept and vacuous moron. The audience goes along for the ride mainly because of Sellers' convincing
Ifs almost a one man show
despite Shirley Maclaine's valiant
effort in playing the frustrated
middle-aged wife of a dying in-'
dustrialist. Other characters in the
film come across as being just cardboard caricatures who act as foils
for Sellers' dry wit.
Despite the genuinely
humourous tone of the film the
viewer is left a bit uneasyTln the
sense that many of the questions
asked by Kosinski are never adequately answered. We are left
wondering why people become so
totally absorbed in television and
the world of images at the expense
of their humanity.
Paradoxically, Chance is one of
the few characters in the film who is
honest and not obsessed with
others' opinions of him. Perhaps
the moral of the film is stay dumb
and don't worry.
Being There is a fine, quiet sort of
film that provides a welcome antidote to the run-of-the-mill schlock
that is the bane of the moviegoer
these days. Worth seeing.
DAILY - 2:15, 4:45, 7:15, 9:45
Page Friday 4
Friday, February 15,1980 Holland tolls and troubles,
Macbeth boils and bubbles
Macbeth is the weirdest play
Shakespeare wrote. And the hardest to perform. And the shortest.
All of these make it a difficult play
to review. First, because the problems mean it is not performed often
and second because so many versions are just simply terrible. Director Antony Holland's Macbeth is
definitely not of that group.
directed by Antony Holland
at Studio 58, Langara College
His retelling of the story is
creditable and shows a sure
knowledge of the intricacies of
emotion and imagery involved in
Macbeth's descent into evil.
But thafs a relatively easy thing
to deal with, considering how
Shakespeare relentlessly shapes the
plot. Macbeth's fate is as inevitable
and fascinating as the plight of a rodent under a snake's hypnotizing
The hard part is breathing life into
the other roles. Except for Lady
Macbeth and her husband there is
little time for the development of
the characters.
Holland tackles this head on with
a fast-paced, Elizabethan-style production, trusting to his nearly all
student cast to convey the necessary humanity. They do not fail
Laurel Paetz as Lady Macbeth is
the cur with a heart of cold.
Though her talents have not yet expanded to the point of exploring the
full range of the part, she convinces
quickly that she is capable of murder.
Andy Maton, a Studio 58 graduate, plays Macbeth as sympathetically as the part will allow, portraying a man driven mad by evil rather
than embracing it.
For the rest, it was a pleasure to
see that Holland has drilled his players well on the difficult verse of the
text. The treatment of lines was
consistent from one member of the
cast to the next and eventually it
could be forgotten that one was listening to language 400 years old.
An exception can be made at this
point for Ross Imrie playing Duncan, who needs only the knack of
dramatic pause and timing to improve his mechanical sequences of
speak, smile and exit.
More pleasing performances
were the rule.
Cheryl Swartz played Lady MacDuff simply and naturally. She
managed both the highs and lows
of the emotional range with dexterity in her brief moment before she is
caught in Macbeth's web of
Also notable was Glenn Cassie,
who was a chilling presence despite
his small part as the second murderer. Even when silent he conveyed as much as others did while
True to promise, Holland wants
more from his weird sisters than the
usual static cauldron scene and he
gets it, perhaps too much. Finding
a striking way to present a scene is
Thurs Sun 7:00
Fri Sat 7:00 9:30
A Film Filled
x    with Romantic Passion
Una Wertmuller's
wept Away
$1.00    Sub Aud
are now available
in the A.M.S. Business Office
in S.U.B. Room 266
Please return forms to the Business Office
or the Vice-President of the A.M.S.
University of British Columbia
Distinguished Canadian Actor
Star of the Stratford & Shaw Festivals
Reading Selected Works
TUESDAY, February 19, 12:30 Noon
A Faculty of Arts Program of Distinction
good if you can avoid overstatement but the witches come perilously close to it.
That reservation aside, the
interpretation was a worthy one.
The grotesque sexuality of the sisters provides an excellent counterpoint to the sexual nature of Lady
Macbeth's command over her husband. Theirs is both a lesser evil in
its honesty, if a greater evil in its
Perhaps the only true flatness of
style came from the actor playing
Malcolm, who in his most difficult
scene seemed stuck in a single
emotional gear. But he has four
weeks to find the shift.
With continuous action, no intermission and no more than a few
seconds between scenes, the set
has to serve many purposes without being just a grey featureless
curtain. Studio 58 again handles the
challenge well with such devices as
a wall of pillars that suggests a
maze-like depth behind, full of exits
that can't be used, pocketed with
In outdoor scenes it doubles as
either fortress or ruins and it even
includes the entrance to the
witches' spectral cave. A nice piece
of work, like the rest of the production.
MACBETH . . . blood and guts Elizabethan style
Bacardi rum.
Sip it before vou
mix it.
Friday, February 15,1980
Just this once, taste Bacardi mm
before you add anything. Ifs a
beautiful way to see why Bacardi goessd well
with soda, water, ginger and almost anything else.
Page Friday 5 Mandel reconciles duplicity of past by poetry
From PF 3
Think of A.J.M. Smith and the
great influence he had on the
poetry of his day. Some may
disagree with him, but nonetheless
it mattered that he put his efforts
towards criticism and collecting as
well as towards creative poetic expression.
PF: What sorts of things have you
tended to encourage among emerging poets in the course of editing
and collecting?
Mandel: As an editor, I have had
no special influence on the course
of a writer's work. To me it has
been important to have the chance
to choose which poems shall represent a poet in an anthology. The
kinds of poetry I have liked as an
editor are, as George Woodcock
has said, "the romantic, the anarchic and the mythological."
I am interested in the experimental strains in contemporary poetry as
well. In B.P. Nichol, who, when he
reads his poems, sounds as though
there are three or four different
voices within his single voice. Or
Daphne Marlatt with her theory that
you've got to make poetry active,
as if ifs happening right now — the
very document of time must be in
the poem.
Page Friday's issue on
— just a fortnight away
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Mr. Wong is the former top instructor with one of the world's largest reading
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people and government agencies at a fraction of the usual cost. He is well
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Course starting Tuesday February 19th
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PF: One of your preoccupations
has been the problem of
regionalism in Canadian poetry.
The problem of a writer writing of
his original home.
Mandel: In Canada, there is a
tendency to think of region
geographically, but the significance
of a region to a writer is actually the
memories of the original culture
which constantly haunt him. The
lost world is what he longs to get
back to, but he cannot — you can't
go home again.
Home is one of the great themes
of all Canadian writers; but how
can he write about home when it is
changing every time he writes
about it?
This is why I entitled my last
book, which was a poetic journey
to my childhood home, Out of
Place — I was out of place in that I
had originated there, but no longer
belonged there. So in your head,
you have a double voice and a double culture and it is the reconciling
of this duplicity that is the problem.
Blorgs whisk Wazz away
PANGO PANGO (UNS) - Hairy puce blorg tyrant
Peter the Wazz has been deposed as editor of Page
Friday, a single tinny speaker blared in this tiny island
kingdom Thursday.
Members of the Highly Organized Anarchist Collective of Staffers (HOACS) made the announcement only days after the infamous Wazz downed
tools to protest overwork, no pay and not nearly
enough time with Share-all, considering their newfound legal status.
"Just like Clark," jeered blorg governor-general
Scum Rawporn. "He expects to be rewarded for incompetence."
Blorg propoganda minister Whithered 'Citizen'
Konn, said the Wazz better resembled Trudeau. "He
was told to leave or threatened to resign a lot before
we finally made it stick."
HOACS members were more lenient, even though
it was their own vicious apathy and persistent non-
participation that led to the Wazz's downfall.
"We thought if we just went away or ignored him
long enough, the pitiful creature would disappear.
Now we're not so sure we had the right approach," a
HOACS spokesman said.
He added that there is a hope for a revitalization of
Page Friday along anarch-collectivist principles.
"There will be no leaders, at least for now. Every person who wants to contribute to Page Friday will be
on an equal footing with every other.
The spokesman announced that HOACS as its
first project will define contemporary sexuality for
once and for all in its next issue on Leap Year Day.
"Do you like taking pictures?" he asked. "You
know, cameras? Nudge, nudge, say no more? We
need you in the worst way. Tuesdays at noon in SUB
241K. Get drunk. You'll like it."
Now you're
Page Friday 6
Friday, February 15,1980 ■«W.-«« w •■■
•>it >; .:..****
Stateless siren of new wave pop-
rock of the 1980s Lene Lovich will
make her North American concert
debut at the Commodore Ballroom on February 18 and 19. A
Perryscope Concert Production.
The "second coming" of DOA
will occur at the Smilin' Buddha at
109 East Hastings from February 21
to 23. The Potatoes and the Rolling-Sex-Beatles are also appearing. Tickets are $3 at the door.
Sixteen on Dunbar marks the
official opening of Viewspace, a
new photographic gallery in the
Dunbar area. Sixteen local photog
raphers will be exhibiting their work
at the gallery, 3210 Dunbar. View-
space is open from 1 to 10 p.m. on
Wednesdays, from 1 to 6 p.m. on
Thursdays and Fridays, and from 10
to 5 p.m. on Saturdays. The gallery
is staffed by V.I.E.W. a non-profit
society which encourages creative
photography in the Greater Vancouver area.
The Houston Ballet is performing Giselle Wednesday through
Friday, Feb. 20, 21 and 22 at 8 p.m.
at the Queen Elizabeth Theatre.
For a special student matinee on
February   22   at   1:30   p.m.   call
688-0256. Tickets for evening performances are available at VTC outlets and Eaton's.
Sepia Players presents Bird-
flight, The Legend of Charlie Parker, at the Vancouver East Cultural Centre until February 23,
evenings at 8:30 p.m. Saturday
matinees at 2:30 p.m. on Feb. 16
and 23. Reservations 254-9578.
Carousel Theatre presents The
Glass Box, a play for children, Saturday, Feb. 16 at 1 p.m. at the
Waterfront Theatre. February 27
sees the opening of the Fantasticks, Carousel's acclaimed musi
cal fantasy for adults as well as
children. For information call
The 1980 du Maurier Festival
has opened at the Waterfront
Theatre and will run until Feb. 23.
Four new one-act plays will be presented. Showtimes are 8:30 p.m.,
Monday to Friday, and 7 p.m. and
10 p.m. on Saturday, and a Friday
matinee on Feb. 22 at 1:30 p.m.
The Greater Vancouver Artists
Gallery at 555 Hamilton Street is
holding an exhibition. Paintings
and Sculpture, from Feb.  19 to
March 7. Opening night is Feb. 18
from 8:30 to 10:30 p.m.
The Sub humans will be headlining a concert at the Arcadian
Auditorium, 2214 Main Street, on
Sunday, Feb. 24 at 8 p.m. Also appearing are the Critics, Metros
and Tectonics. Tickets are $4 and
are available at Quintessence,
Friends, Charles Bogle and at the
Terry David Mulligan talks to the
Records, a British pop-rock band
on CBC Radio's the Great Canadian
Gold Rush, Sunday, Feb. 17 at
11:05 p.m.
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Friday, February 15, 1980
Page Friday 7 Page 20
Friday, February 15, I960
The EPI 100 has become the industry standard for
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