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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 7, 1977

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Array Rebel coup d'etat liberates Totem Park
Totem Park residence was taken
over by a "liberation army" last
weekend, but the alleged rebellion
was really nothing more than a
stunt designed to promote
residence spirit.
Totem Park residents'
association treasurer J.D. Bonser
said Thursday the rebels' main
reason for "taking over" Totem
Park was to "get the people of
Totem Park involved and let them
know what the council was all
about."
Bonser said he was involved in
the plot for one evening but had a
change of heart in the morning.
According to a "communique"
delivered to The Ubyssey by TPRA
Social co-ordinator Darrell Croft,
one of the rebels, the attempted
I overthrow started Sept. 30.
I    That day Crofts hid under TPRA
I president Cameron MacKay's bed
as the president was preparing to
leave with vice-president Bill Hain
for the UBC student leadership
conference.
When MacKay and Hain had left,
Croft emerged and let the other
Totem Park liberation army rebels
into the president's suite. The
rebels also intercepted a note intended for Bonser in which
MacKay and Hain instructed him
to act as TPRA president in their
absence.
Later Friday evening the rebels
explained   their   campaign   to
Bonserwhoagreed to support their
cause.
"They talked me into it," Bonser
said. He said the campaign was
successful in its attempt to get
people interested in the TPRA
Because "people are wondering
what went on."
But Bonser changed his mind
Saturday morning.
"I woke up and wondered if it
was a good idea." He said he tore
down TPLA posters and locked
MacKay's room.
But Croft said the counterrevolution was easily put down and
the TPLA continued to "control"
Totem Park.
Hie game came to an end Sunday evening with the return of
MacKay and Hain.
The communique claims the
TPLA was vanquished by the pair
with the aid of the RCMP And the
campus patrol. But Croft admitted
this is untrue.
'"Riey came back and we just
fled," he said. "We were only
trying to get a point across to
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LX, No. 12
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1977   »^^»48    228-2301
Totem Park and UBC in general."
He said the TPLA Communique
adequately sums up the aims of the
group.
It reads, in part, "the manifesto.
. . was simple. Number one: first
overthrow the TPRA...; secondly,
set up a five-man committee to'
replace the old president and
thirdly, to allow the separation of
Totem Park from the department
of housing, and the university, so
that the residents of the university,
mainly in Totem Park, could be
free to carry out what they believe
is right, and to allow their voice to
be heard, as they represent 15 per
cent of the students at UBC. . ."
The communique says, "more
than likely our comeback, as you
call it, will occur at Totem park,
hopefully around the first week in
February, and this time the whole
campus will feel it."
Gays protest
CBC policy
OCT ''■■   ^
,%\
Canadian University Press
The National Gay Rights
Coalition (NGRC) is in the midst of
cross-Canada protests against the
CBC.
The protests are in the form of
opposition to all CBC radio station
licensee renewals.
"We have a national campaign
going in an effort to stop the CBC
from discriminating against
gays," said Maurice Flood of the
Vancouver branch of the NGRC.
Protests arose over the CBC's
refusal to air public service announcements concerning the Gay
Alltance Towards Equality
(GATE), in Halifax, Flood said.
GATE requested a clarification
of CBC's policy. The CBC said its
national policy would not allow
public announcements for any gay
groups.
"At first they said it was because
of a shortage of time but then
finally admitted the Canadian
public was not ready to hear that
sort of thing," Flood said.
The Halifax group filed an in
tervention against the renewal of
the CBC Halifax license — and also
made a formal complaint to the
Canadian Radio-Television and
Telecommunications Commission.
The NGRC directed questions to
the ministers responsible for the
CBC, including prime minister
Pierre Trudeau who, Flood said,
was reluctant to intervene in CRTC
matters.
"This is a joke, given the fact
that he is waging a witchhunt
against Quebec journalists. He is
prepared for reactionary reasons
to involve himself politically over
that issue, but he is not prepared to
involve himself politically with the
CBC," Flood said.
Most reaction will occur in the
form of protests, Flood said. 'The
NGRC is not taking legal action at
this point.
But in Vancouver GATE has
been involved iri legal action
against the Vancouver Sun for its
refusal to run gay advertisements.
The issue is already three years
See page 3: GAYS
** V        „   S-   '
Gov't cuts back
on UBC research
By MARIO LOWTHER
The provincial government cut
back research funding by $121,407
last year, while all other sources
have increased funds, a report to
the UBC board of governors shows.
The provincial government
contributed $792,244 in 1976-77 to
UBC research, down from $913,651
in 1975-76.
Federal funding is up almost
$300,000, to $11,637,589 from
$11,347,294, support from Canadian
companies is up about $200,000
($498,598 to $692,278), foundations
and non-profit agencies contributed $350,000 more than the
previous year ($1,969,521 to
$2,320,982), as did the contribution
of U.S. and other foreign sources
$911,693 to $1,261-982) for the
academic years 1975-76 to 1976-77.
The report was presented at the
board meeting Tuesday by UBC
research head Richard Spratley.
The reasons for the drop in
provincial support are inflation
and government cutbacks, he said
Thursday.
Earlier this year a report to the
provincial government said
research at B.C.'s three universities was in trouble because of
lack of funds.
The report, prepared by Montreal professor Roger Gaudry for
education minister Pat McGeer
and economic development
minister    Don    Phillips,    said
research funding had dropped
below acceptable levels and
recommended that the provincial
government put $3.27 million into
university research in 1977-78.
The report specifically
recommended that research
money should not come out of
university operating funds.
The increase in foreign funding
and the drop in provincial funding
cannot really be compared,
Spratley said.
"Relatively few projects got
See page 3: GOV'T
—chris bannister photo
POOLING LIQUID ASSETS found at bottom of Empire pool, Victoria Garm comes up with enough coppers
to win penny dive at women's intramural swim meet Thursday afternoon. Garm, arts 2, grabbed 37 pennies
out of pool to help her team beat out other competitors in aquatic sports.
Domestic violence is problem for police
By LLOYANNE HURD
"Your best chance of getting killed in
Vancouver is by the person you are living
with."
These are the words of Don Dutton, a UBC
psychologist whostudied police approaches to
domestic violence.
In Vancouver 40 per cent of assualts and
homicides are domestic and Vancouver is
typical of all North American cities, Dutton
says.
The police are often the first to be called in
a domestic dispute. If it is a clear case of
assault an arrest takes place, but it isn't
always clear, he said.
A prevalent attitude of the police is that if
they intervene the wife will attack them and if
she does lay charges against her husband she
will drop the charges the next day because of
fear of retaliation by the husband.
Police are reluctant to interfere and do not
always answer calls to domestic disputes, he
said.
Dutton, an associate professor of social and
community psychology, and Bruce Levens, a
social policy resreacher for the United Way,
completed their study in 1974.
Using information from the study, they set
up a human relations training curriculum for
all municipal police forces.
Police are taught to use authority, power
and toughness and when they approach a
domestic quarrel and in this way they contribute to the fight, Dutton said.
When the police walk in and start getting
heavy, the woman see a stranger threatening
someone she loves and she takes a swing at a
policeman, he said
She may not be able to see an economic
alternative to living with the man who abuses
her.
Most police training in domestic intervention is not highly developed in Canada,
Dutton said.
Vancouver is more advanced since the
human relations training course was started.
The course teaches policemen safety
proceedures for entering the situation, diffusion, mediation, and how to make referrals
to social workers
Police learn concepts of personal spacing
such as setting the angriest person in the
softest chair with no objects around that can
be thrown and how to separate the couple.
"Police have been trained in crowd control
and minority group problems," he said "and
police thought in the past that training for
policemen required a good rifle range."
See page 3: DOMESTIC Page 2
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977
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THE       UBYSSEY
Page 3
Limited nuclear war 'workable'
Limited nuclear war is a
workable military strategy, a top
Canadian Armed Forces official
said Thursday.
David Adamson, deputy commander of the North American Air
Defence Command, said that if the
Soviet Union fired a nuclear
missile into a remote area of the
North American Treaty
Organization territory, the U.S.
could retaliate similarly without
total nuclear war breaking out.
"Kissinger (former U.S.
secretary of state Henry) moved
the United States away from the
concept that total retaliation is
necessary to counteract a Soviet
limited attack."
Adamson told a group of 100
students in Buchanan 100 that the
U.S. and the Soviets are more
afraid of the use of nuclear
weapons by terrorists or third
world nations than by each other.
He said the proliferation of
nuclear weapons among unstable
nations is a growing threat.
"Imagine Idi Amin with a nuclear
weapon."
The decision by U.S. president
Jimmy Carter to scrap the B-l
bomber and cruise missile was a
mistake, Adamson said.
"You can't bargain from a
position of weakness with them,"
he said. "We can't scale down our
armed forces unilaterally.
"We should have both the B-l
and the cruise missile and then
bargain with the Soviets from a
position of strength."
An advantage of the bomber is
its potential for "posturing" he
said, a technique similar to gunboat diplomacy.
By deploying the bombers in
certain areas or putting them in a
particular stage of readiness,
NORAD can warn the Soviets of its
intent to retaliate against a Soviet
threat, Adamson said.
The cruise missile does not have
that potential, he said.
"The Soviet Union has been
unwilling to settle for-parity with
the United States" in terms of
military hardware, he said.
But its defence situation is
different from Canada's as they
must defend themselves from a
Chinese threat as well as NATO.
Adamson said Canada currently
spends 2.5 per cent of its gross
national product on defense which
is the second lowest percentage in
NATO. Luxembourg is the lowest.
The U.S. spends seven to eight
per cent on defense compared to 20
to 30 per cent for the Soviet Union,
he said.
But the Soviet Union is having
internal problems with consumerism.
"The government is having a
hard time catering to the new
consumer desires" he said. "They
have to make difficult decisions in
deciding how much of the budget to
devote to defence and how muchr to
consumers."
Canada currently pays 15 per
cent of NORAD costs but on a per
capita basis it pays more than the
Americans, said Adamson.
But our geography is also a
major contribution to NORAD, he
said as the location of radar and
tracking stations in Canada gives
NORAD more time to respond to a
Soviet attack.
The general said Canada should
become more involved in new
technologies at the expense of the
current unweildly peace-time
bureaucracy of the armed forces.
"Space is an example," he said,
"I would be willing to give up a fair
portion of our defense budget for
space."
"We are a young nation with
good technological resources," he
said.
Space is a frontier technology
and Canada should become involved in this industry, or we will
"lag behind in industrial
development and become the
hewers of wood and drawers of
water in the 21st century," he said.
TTie Soviet Union has developed
"killer" satellites, capable of
destroying other satellites, he said.
But the use of space for military
purposes is primarily for
destroying the communications
—chris bannister photo
BLOWING OUT THE WIND at noon concert Thursday in SUB are, from left, UBC Wind Symphony
members Barbara Baxter, Alice Brock and Catherine Riddle, all UBC music students. Group drew crowd for
hour of flute music that provided welcome change from boring disco beat.
Gays fight discrimination
From page 1
old.  Human  Rights  Commission
director managed to strike a board
of inquiry that came down in favor
of the gay protest.
The commission ruled that The
sun was in contravention of the
Human Rights Code in denying the
Gay Tide (a Vancouver newspaper
for gays) advertising space.
The Sun retaliated with a
challenge to the supreme court of
B.C. which upheld the ruling of the
human rights commission.
The Sun then appealed to the
court of appeals, which ruled in the
newspaper's favor with a margin
of two to one this summer.
The Sun would not comment on
current legal action, but Sun advertising and sales promotion
manager Arthur Smart did say,
"we don't have a stand against or,
for any kind of advertising. We
decide on issues as they arise."
When asked how The Sun decides
general policy, Smart said, "we go
by the law of the land."
Currently, the Vancouver branch
of the NGRC is appealing to the
supreme court of Canada on behalf
of GATE and should know by Oct.
17 if its case will be heard.
"We are confident we have a
good chance of overturning the
B.C. ruling and we have full support of the Human Rights Commission and the B.C. Civil
Liberties Association. We welcome
their support," Flood said.
Other groups expressing support
are the Vancouver Status of
Women and the B.C. Federation of
Labor.
The Ubyssey and other student
newspapers belonging to Canadian
University Press, the national
news co-operative, have placed a
ban on all CBC ads for the duration
of the dispute.
"This ruling has an effect on
everyone because it attacks on the
Human Rights Commission," he
said.
"Right now the Sun has the
support  of  the   attorney-general
(Garde Gardom), and I also guess
that they have the support of the
minister of labor (Allan Williams)
because they have refused to direct
the commission in any way.
"The Social Credit government
is anti-human. It is no surprise that
they are anti-homosexual. Their
failure to act in this case indicates
a willingness to sabotage the
•human rights code."
Domestic violence
problem for police
From page 1
"Police didn't know where crime
was coming from and overlooked
domestic disputes where most of
the violent abuse really exists.
In the past three years police
have become more aware of the
problem and in the near future
Dutton will be training police instructors.
Even people other than the police
don't like to intervene in a
domestic quarrel becauwe a fight
in the next apartment cannot
always be identified as a serious
problem, he said.
"By-stander aid comes to women
only 19 per cent of the time if they
are married to or know their
abuser and 65 per cent of the time if
the assault is by someone they
don't know," he said.
People do not know how to intervene in disputes without being
snoopy or how to accept advice
from other people.
"People in our society have to be
educated to look after each other.
People don't want the neighbors in
on their business," he said.
A popular view that button
challenges is that only a few men
are wife abusers.
Tests are given to these men to
see how they differ from so-called
normal men. Not enough answers
to the problems are found using
this method of approach.
"Partially because of men's
attitude to violence any man has
the potential to strike out in
violence," he said.
"We have to look at the whole
sociable problem of man-woman
relationships," Dutton said.
"Men have trouble expressing
anger to women. When anger can
be expressed, violence is cut down.
"Courses for police in handling
domestic disputes are only a band-
aid solution but it must stick."
ADAMSON
nukes necessary"
and detection satellites of the
enemy, rather than using space as
a place to fire weapons on earth
targets.
The Soviets, are far from having
an effective system for destroying
NATO satellites, he said.
Satellites operate on many
different orbits and it requires a
great deal of energy to change the
orbit of a satellite to bring it within
range of a satellite it is to destroy.
An alternative is to use many
"killer" satellites, but the Soviets
only have a few, he said.
Adamson said deterrance "is a
medium whereby we can survive
until a point in time when
humanity can truly get along."
"But we can't unilaterally
disarm or walk-away from the
situation," he said.
BCSF advises
consolidation
Canadian University Press
The B.C. Student Federation will
recommend to its members at its
fourth annual meeting Oct. 14 that
they divide their time this year
between working on student issues
and consolidation.
The BCSF executive report,
released Thursday, states that if
the organization doesn't expand
and consolidate its membership,
resources and internal operations,
the BCSF will be "distrusted by
those whose interests we seek to
represent."
The report also recommends
cutting back the two-member staff,
a f ieldworker and researcher, to a
single "information officer."
The staff cut is recommended
because the BCSF "can no longer
attempt to service all the students
of this province" because of a
deficit that has increased annually
since 1975, according to BCSF
fieldworker Karen Dean.
Dean said Thursday that to add
UBC and the University of Victoria
to its membership list "just might
mean the life of BCSF."
The BCSF represents all the
colleges on the mainland except
Fraser Valley College. But UBC
UVic, Vancouver Island colleges,
and provincial institutes are not
members.
Dean said if successful membership referenda take place this
fall at UBC and UVic, "we could
have three staff workers all year
round."
The BCSF conference, which will
be held at Simon Fraser University, will also consider ways to
form liaisons with college staff and
faculty unions to fight against Bill
82, the Colleges and Provincial
Institutes Act.
BCSF president Gordie Bell said
the organization should form a
"common front," with faculty
groups like the B.C. College
Faculty Federation, which will
meet this weekend to consider
methods of consolidation and a
common front of college faculty
and staff.
The CFF executive will meet at
the Richmond campus of Douglas
College Saturday.
According to Gordon Gilgan,
Douglas College Faculty
Association president, a "common
front" is the "only way to deal"
with the problems created by Bill
82.
CFF president Fred Smith said
the executive will consider models
for a "provincial bargaining unit"
that would include members of
staff and faculty unions to deal
with problems created by the
legislation.
Bill 82, which was enacted last
month, prohibits faculty and
students from representing
themselves on college "boards",
which will replace councils.
The autonomy of the colleges is
also threatened, according to the
CFF, by the creation of three
provincial "councils" to oversee
colleges. The Universities Council
will also take part in controlling
colleges.
Cutbacks hit
UBC research
From page 1
foreign support, but all were at
high   levels   (high   amounts   of
money).   They  were   mostly   in
health," he said.
The provincial government is
attempting to get things organized,
Spratley said. William Armstrong,
chairman of the Universities
Council, has been appointed a
special advisor to the education
ministry for a proposed research
secretariat.
"It (the secretariat) is to coordinate research fund efforts for
fhe whole province, such as for
industry and universities."
"The provincial government is
anxious to stimulate industrial
research problems," Spratley
said.
He said that the federal government support is more applied to
things such as energy,,
oceanography and pollution.
For next year? "More support
for applied faculties," said
Spratley, "I hope." Page 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977
Gays are people
The CBC is supposedly a public service for
communication between Canadians. But for some
unmentioned reasons the CBC has refused to carry public
service announcements for a gay group in Halifax,
apparently thinking Canadians are not ready to face the
fact that gay people exist and have just as much right to
announcements as anyone else.
Their attitude simply makes no sense. The CBC has
consistently refused to make public its reasons for the ban,
instead issuing a feeble excuse that it has no time to spare
for gay announcements.
A similar case has been developing in Vancouver, with
the Vancouver Sun's refusal to carry ads for a
politically-oriented gay newspaper published by the Gay
Alliance Toward Equality.
The Sun has refused to run the ads because it is a
"family newspaper," but it was not until this fall that this
same "family newspaper" stopped running pornographic
and violent photographs in its movie ads.
In addition the Sun has refused to abide by a
decision made by the B.C. Human Rights Commission in
GATE's favour. Instead the Sun took the case to the B.C.
supreme court, which also ruled in favor of GATE.
The Sun finally won in an appeals court decision but
GATE has not given up. The issue is now being appealed to
the supreme court of Canada.
In both these cases the Vancouver Sun and the CBC
have shown themselves to be more concerned with bad
publicity than with the exercise of human rights. How sad.
Letters
Beer
money
The student administrative
commission feels that a detailed
explanation of the increase in beer
prices is warranted.
As you are well aware, the price
for a Pit token has increased from
60 cents to 75 cents, a jump of 25
per cent. The following facts and
figures will attempt to justify this
increase. On Sept. 6, 1976, SAC
increased the AMS employees'
wages 8 per cent and on Oct. 20,
1976, SAC closed the Pit for three
weeks due to increased vandalism
around the campus.
To combat the alleged vandalism, which the RCMP said was
caused by the overconsumption of
liquor, SAC decided to cut the
seating in the Pit from 400 to 350
and institute table service. To
accommodate table service, four
extra staff persons had to be hired,
an increase in the payroll of 27 per
cent.
Also, hard liquor and the infamous jugs were eliminated.
Closing time was moved back and
free coffee service from 7 p.m. was
started. However, some abused
this sobering idea, and took up
table space that should have been
used for token-paying students.
On March 1, 1977, the price of
bottled beer increased by 8 per
cent, draft by 16 per cent and cider
by five per cent and on April 1,
1977, the Pit obtained a University
A licence, which requires that a 7
per cent sales tax be paid on bottled beer, an expense of $22,000 per
year. Anyway, the grand total of
expenses is 37 per cent and the
price increase is only 25 per cent,
thus leaving the AMS to absorb 12
per cent.
There is some good news,
hoever, to all those cider drinkers.
Cider, which is a bigger item than
draft, used to sell at 85 cent, but
now is reduced to 75 cents.
However, the new SAC, an
enlightened bunch, have made
some new changes in the Pit.
These are: 1) beverage service
hours in the Pit are extended to 12
midnight, with the premises being
closed at 12:30 a.m.; 2) red and
white wine is sold by the glass — 5
oz. for one token; 3) hard liquor is
sold in the Pit on Disco night, and
4) free coffee service starts at
10:00 pm.; 5) guest passes can be
obtained at the Information Desk
up until Saturday, 8:00 p.m., $1.00
per ticket; and7) bowls of soup are
now available in the Pil Coffeehouse.
It is hoped that these changes
will provide for a more enjoyable
atmosphere in the Pit.
Another thing that students can
do to provide better service is to
raise their hand when requesting
another order, this will enable the
waiters to see you clearly, thus
providing for faster and better
service.
PaulSekhon
chairperson, SAC
Cozy camp
We, as participants of the
Student Leadership Conference
which was held last weekend at
Camp Elphinstone, would like to
respond to Chris Gainor's neutral
article in Tuesday's Ubyssey.
Unlike Gainor, we do not feel
bound to the "off-the-record"
policy of this conference. We feel
that we have a privilege and, in
fact, a need to reveal what did,
and/or did not transpire during
this past weekend's so-called
"student leadership conference".
Actually, the "off-the-record"
policy which was stressed time and
again throughout the conference is
very ironical, because there was
nothing discussed at the conference which needs to be "off-the-
record".
There were many controversial
topics suggested for group
discussions, but due to an
unrealistically tight schedule,
there was little time available to
discuss topics in depth. Consequently, topic upon topic was
dismissed with a superficial report
from the various discussion
groups.
Nothing of earth-shattering
importance erupted at this conference.
Furthermore, we would like to
point out that it is unethical for the
organizers of this conference to
have presumed to impose an "off-
the-record" policy on us.
Such a policy is certainly not
honored during themeetings of the
board of governors, and such a
policy is certainly not practised by
thepress once these meetings have
adjourned.
One must therefore conclude
that a student leadership conference, in accordance with its
implicit relation to the UBC
community, must adhere to the
"on-the-record" policy of this
university.
Although there was needless
emphasis placed upon the conference's "off-the-record" nature,
there were some participants who
appreciated the security which this
policy provided. These participants were none other than the
political hacks of UBC.
Camp Elphinstone, for them,
became a cozy locale for some
back-room politicking, and they
proceeded,   throughout  the Con-
THE UBYSSEY
OCTOBER 7, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
It was the Nuremburg trials revisited. Standing before the court was
the archest-criminal of all, David Morton, who only a week before had
mercilessly eliminated noble newsslde staffers like Mike Bocking, Kathy
Ford, Crhls Bannister and Heather Conn with a stroke of his arrogant
typewriter. The like of Marcus Gee, Steve Howard and Mario Lowther may
never be seen again. Bill Tieleman, Lloyanne Hurd, Chris Gainor, Dave
Dixon and Matt King fell at the hands of the fiend, who mumbled
something about only following Bruce Baugh's orders. Meanwhile the Page
Friday staff were bragging of the superiority of the Poofta master race. Will
Wheeler, Robert Jordan and Gray Kyles boasted of their literary talent to
the Immodest Verne McDonald, Merrllee Robson and Geof Wheelwright.
Poofta chanteuse Paisley Woodward sang sweet nothings (believe me) to
Les Wiseman, Brian Stoffell and Michael Trew while Alan Mlllen and
Murray Helmer shouted Poofta slogans. But justice prevailed and the rabid
beast was sentenced to a term at a Ubyssey news seminar, at noon today.
ference, to exploit their secure
secrecy, a secrecy which the board
of governors, for example, does not
enjoy.
Lastly, but definitely not of least
importance, we would like to ask:
Why was this conference called a
"student leadership conference?"
To our minds, this conference
included very little discussion
about student leadership per see.
Rather, the weedend appeared
as a hodgepodge of shallow
discussions which were conducted
by biased participants, most of
whom were intent on supporting
the status quo.
Thus, we do not see this conference as having been a student
leadership conference; if it had
been, then one could justify the
weekend's great expense. We now
wonder, with the power of hindsight, what benefit the UBC
community will receive from such
a farcical conference as this.
D. J. Currie
Heather Bryans
Doug Watts
co-operative Christian
campus ministry
J-school
I should like to comment on your
news item "UBC J-school faraway
dream" which appeared in the
Sept. 27 issue, as it contains
several inaccuracies about the
report which was submitted to the
faculty of graduate studies in May
this year.
To set the record straight: the
committee unanimously recommended the establishment of a
graduate school of journalism to
offer a two-year course of study
leading to a Master's degree; it
suggested a curriculum structure
which would combine practical
newroom work, media studies and
graduate work in areas of study
already offered by the university;
it recommended the kind of staffing the school should have and
gave an estimate of costs and
speace requirements.
The committee did not consider
undergraduate journalism as that
was outside its terms of reference.
When the report was presented
to the executive committee of the
faculty of graduate studies, some
modifications were suggested to
the committee and willingly accepted; one modification concerned the timing and proportion
of practical work; another was to
do with the name of the degree and
a third was that an outside
professional opinion on curriculum
structure be sought.
As far as the committee was
concerned the report at that point
was both positive and complete;
the report certainly went far
beyond offering the pallid opinion
that a journalism school was "a
good idea" which might be further
studies; we unequivocally
recommend that a graduate school
be set up.
Concerning the amateur status
of the committee, I must say two
things: first, it is quite a normal
procedure in government, business
and in public administration to ask
for recommendations from a
committee of reasonably intelligent people on matters in
which they are not immediately
expert; there is a lot to be said for
having experts on tap rather than
on top; second, the committee did
not pull its recommendations from
empty air, but made them only
after consulting publishers,
professional journalists, faculty in
existing journalism schools,
faculty and students at UBC and
members of the general public, as
well as reading the published
comment on journalism education.
Much of the documentation,
whether in the form of briefs or
published commentary, was finely
detailed in its consideration of
curriculum structure, equipment
requirements, eventual placement
prospects for graduates and so on.
Naturally, this documentation
accompanied the committee's
report.
Having traced the discussion of
journalism* education at UBC back
to 1945, I think it is high time we
made a definite decision; the
committee has made its recommendation; whether it is adopted is
up the University at large.
Fred Bowers
chairman, committee to
consider a graduate
journalism programme
The UDyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
typed. Pen names will be used
when the Writer's real name is also
included for our information in the
letter and when valid reasons for
anonymity are given.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of cmmpoM mail or
dropped off af The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241 Jt. Friday, October 7,  1977
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 5
World ignores human rights
By JAMES JOHNSON
Once again the international
world is focusing its attention on
human rights.
This week in Belgrade the
Human Rights Commission opened
its conference to review the results
of the Helsinki Treaty signed by
the major powers of both east and
west. But the results do not look
promising.
It was at that time, some two
years ago, that the heads of states
met to discuss the escalating incidences of illegal detentions,
torture and murder which were
playing an increasing active part
in the control of dissension within
certain countries around the world.
The majority of these dissenters
were classed by the Helsinki
Conference as 'prisoners of conscience,' that is: men and women
who were imprisoned for their
beliefs, color, ethnic origins or
religion and who neither used nor
advocated violence in any manner.
These prisoners were found to
have been denied all semblence of
rights despite the fact that virtually all the countries involved
were co-signers of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,
sponsored by the United Nations. It
was in relation to this blatant
disregard for justice that the world
leaders were prompted to organize
the Helsinki Conference with the
end result being the formulation of
the Helsinki Treaty whereby all
signing countries  would  work
James Johnson is a member of
Amnesty International at UBC,
which next week will sponsor
activities coinciding with prisoner
of conscience week around campus.
towards the goal of true universal
rights.
The conference, as good as it was
in broadcasting to the public the
actual situation in the world, has
not managed to effectively curtail
the growth of state controlled
torture in the majority of the
nations.
In Argentina some 20,000 people
disappeared in 1976 alone, with an
additional 10,000 imprisoned for
their beliefs.
And in Chile, where U.S.
representatives investigated the
actions of the Chilean junta in
depth, some 7,000 people are in
prison and the practice of disappearances has become more
prevalent during the last year.
Bernarda Araya, a 67-year-old
lumber of parliament, typifies
this stark reality.
Araya, because of his trade
union affiliation, was considered
too dangerous to the people of Chile
after the overthrow of the Allende
government, and conveniently
disappeared on April 2, 1976. Not
only   prominent   politicians,   but
perspectives
students, lawyers and also carpenters have disappeared or been
tortured for disagreeing with the
government.
The Amnesty International
dosier is filled with literally
thousands of such cases — from
Russia to Ghana, from Vietnam to
Greece, even to our neighbor to the
south — all prisoners of conscience.
Whey has the Helsinki Conference, heralded by so many as a
major step towards the mitigation
of torture and political abuse,
failed so miserably? Can we blame
it on merely the lack of sincerity on
the part of the signing countries or
does the answer lie deeper?
True, the extent of such a
commitment by some of the
nations may not be one-hundred
per cent, but does not a large part
of the blame rest in the lack of
commitment by the citizens of
those countries?
The most unfortunate result of
the treaty has been to allow ourselves (ourselves as Canadians,
ourselves as world citizens) to
place all responsibility with the
governments to stop these
atrocities and none with ourselves.
The government has become the
sole organ of protest which has led
to increasing unawareness on the
part of the average citizen, and
more so with that group of people
with no excuse for lack of information — the student.
We are increasingly. turning-
towards isolationism  in  our at
titudes of human justice at this
university, an act, not only
dangerous to those who don't have
those rights which we take so
lightly, but to ourselves as well.
It is not the lack of involvement
on the part of students (many of us
are not political creatures) but
precisely this unawareness is what
scares me. People have decided
that this is not their problem, that,
being neutral, they have no stake
in world affairs.
But neutrality tacitly supports
aU of the status-quo. I am not
looking for the return of the 1960s,
nor am I advocating the political
involvement of every student on
this campus. What I am advocating is the realization of every
student that we will all reap the
effects whether good or bad of this
situation; that simple awareness
can change t|je world.
One can not feign neutrality.
Why settle
for less?
The 2020 is
100% DOWN
insulated and
includes a stuff sack!
ABC
Recreational
Equipment
555 Richards St., 687-7885
1822 W. 4th Avenue, 731-4018
m
OPEN TILL 9
THUR&FRI
That's Right - Two Discos Happening  in the same building simultaneously.
Your choice or both.
TONIGHT 8:30 p.m.-1:00 a.m.
At the Graduate Student Centre
^SCIENCE
> UNDERGRADUATE
{  SOCIETY
1
DOUBLE DISCO
Ballroom Bisco
I.D. Required
Garden Room Bisco
Free Punch and Soft Drinks
TICKETS:       SHOW S.U.S. CARD-ADVANCE .50*   AT DOOR 75*
NON-SCIENCE STUDENT-ADVANCE $1 s0 AT DOOR *2 00
Advance tickets available at the AMS business office or during noon hour,
at the S.U.S. office - Room 216 Auditorium Annex, or in the SUB foyer Page 6
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977
Tween classes
TODAY
FENCING CLUB
Practice,    7    p.m.,    winter    sports
centre gym E.
BAHA'I CLUB
Discussion    on    the    Baha'l    faith,
noon, SUB 115.
DEBATING SOC I ETV
Practice debate, noon, SUB 113.
SKYDIVING CLUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 212.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Mandarin     class,     noon,     Bu.
2238-2239.
Special   meeting,   5:30   p.m.,   SUB
party room.
INTRAMURALS
Registration   deadline  for  Arts  20
race,  men's Intramural  office, War
Memorial Gym.
Men's   and   women's   turkey   trot,
noon, gym field.
Registration  deadline for slo-pltch.
Men's     Intramural     office,     War
Memorial Gym.
SATURDAY
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MOVEMENT
Hike to Hollyburn,  9:30 a.m. to 2
p.m.,   Meet   at   Lutheran   Campus
Centre.
CSA
Film on Newly Found Han Tomb
Relics and Male Corpse, 2 p.m.,
SUB auditorium.
BLACK & LEE
TUX SHOP
NOW AT
1110 Seymour St.
6882481
TUESDAY
CVC
Gym night, 7:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m.,
gym B.
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Weekly fellowship, noon, SUB 205.
NDP CLUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 212.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Organizational meeting for women's
week, 5:30 p.m., SUB 130.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE
ORGANIZATION
Fred  Hobson  speaks  on   Christian
Big or Small Jobs
also Parages
basements
& YARDS
732-9898
CLEAN-UP
The Git and The Fiddle
Bookshop Ltd
4529 W. 10th Avenue   224-1121
GBooks for and about Children
Short Cuts!
They
We'll give you that shorter
cut you want, if you want
it . . . with the special
look you want. Try us!
APPOINTMENT
SERVICE
731-4191
Science   as   a   Life   Commitment,
noon, SUB 213.
WEDNESDAY
PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVES
Election   of  delegates  for national
convention, noon, SUB 212.
CONTEMPORARY DANCE CLUB
Creative   dance   workshop,   11:30
a.m. to 1  p.m., Mclnnls lounge In
Gage Towers.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Lesbian drop-In, noon, SUB 130.
UBC LIBERALS
General   meeting   and   election   of
officers, noon, SUB 215.
LATE PAYMENT OF FEES
A late payment fee of $35.00 additional to all other fees will be assessed if
payment of the first instalment is not made on or before September 23.
Refynd of this fee will be considered only on the basis of a medical
certificate covering illness or on evidence of domestic affliction. If fees are
not paid in full by October 7, 1977, registration will be cancelled anB the
student concerned excluded from classes.
If a student whose registration has been cancelled for non-payment of fees
applies for reinstatement and the application is approved by the Registrar,
the student will be required to pay a reinstatement fee of $35.00, the late
fee of $35.00, and all other outstanding fees before being permitted to
resume classes.
Interested In C.a. Employment
ARTHUR ANDERSEN ft CO.
is seeking 1978 graduates for Vancouver and all other offices of
the Firm. Mail an original or photocopy of your personal resume
(UCPA form or AA&Co. data sheet contained in brochure is
suitable and available in Placement Office) by October 24, 1977
to:
DIRECTOR of PERSONNEL
ARTHUR ANDERSEN & CO.
2300 - 1055 W. Hastings,
Vancouver. V6E 2J2
All resumes will be acknowledged. You will be contacted on or
about October 31 regarding campus interviews which will take
place November 7-lOth. Additional information is available at the
UBC Placement Office.
Attention ! ! !
Applications for positions on the
A.M.S. Special Events and
Speakers Committees will be
accepted at the A.M.S. Business
Office S.U.B. during regular
business hours.
Please hand in all applications
by Friday, Oct. 7.
Dave Jiles
Div. of Services
0*   CO-REC
d? CANOE TRIP
^<?
♦
Saturday, Oct. 15
8:30 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
Bus and Canoe rental arranged.
Sign-up deadline: Friday, Oct. 7
Cost: $4.00 each
For more information see
Sign-up sheet in Room 202
War Memorial Gym
V
International Students' Program
Committee ELECTIONS
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7th
Voting Hours: 11:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Student   memberships   may   be   renewed   to   vote.
Nomination  forms received until 9:30 a.m. Oct.  7.
Information re Election: obtainable from the Director
228-5021.
SUS NEEDS A T-SHIRT!
BRING YOUR BRAINSTORMS, FANTASIES,
NIGHTMARES...WHATEVER...TO THE
SUS OFFICE BY WED. OCT. 12
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus-3 lines, 1 day $1.50;additionat tines35c
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional tines
50c Additional days $2.25 and 45c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
A NEW ECOLOGY ORIENTED environment club Is being formed. All those
interested in becoming involved in
the club, please contact Paul at 734-
4211 or Starlet at 872-0271 or 437-
1254.
UBC FENCING CLUB General Meeting.
Friday,  October  14.   7:00  p.m.
30 — Jobs
QUALIFIED TEACHERS with B.C. certificate required for new tutorial
service. Phone 228-9631, 738-8063.
FRIDAY HAPPY HOUR, YAC, at Cecil
Green Park, beginning September 23,
4-6 p.m.
SOCIETY OF FRIENDS (Quakers) Silent
Meeting Sundays 11 a.m. For transportation phone 228-0948.
HARVEST SUPPER. A community get-
together at University Hill Church,
University Blvd. and Toronto Road.,
6:00 p.m., Friday, Oct. 14. General
admission $3.00, University Students
$2.00, School Children $1.00 All
welcome. 	
10 —For Sale — Commercial
11 — For Sale — Private
RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUAL needed for
childcare, one girl seven, and light
housekeeping, every day after school.
Good pay for right person. Some flexibility. Phone after 6 p.m. 228-8524.
35 — Lost
OCTOBER 3, Health Sciences Mall —
Parker fountain pen, turquoise, in
wooden box. Reward. Phone 261-8981.
BLACK WALLET, SUB, OCT. 4 evening.
I.D. needed. Contact Lisa, 325-1672
eves, or SUB 216A.
65 — Scandals
SUBFILMS has its "Happy Hour" this
weekend, as it presents "Lucky
Lady." Only 75c.
70 — Services
'65 TR4A, good for parts or restore it.
$550 O.B.O. Phone 734-3498.
FOR SALE; X-COUNTRY SKIIS, fibre-
glass, 205 cm, used only 4 times.
Value $100. Sale $60. Phone 438-9829.
ORGANICALLY  CROWN,  UNSPRAYED
Okanagan   fruit   in   season.   25c   pei
pound   by   the   case.   Free   delivery.
738-8828 or 733-1677 eves.
15 — Found
20 — Housing
ROOM AND BOARD in exchange for
light housekeeping and some babysitting.   Near   UBC.   732-9377.
ROOM AND BOARD available on
campus.       2270      Wesbrooke       Mall
OUT OF PRINT books searched. Fiction or non-fiction. Write Steve
Slavik, 401 Ker Ave., Victoria, B.C.
V9AI2B8   for   details.
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
EXCELLENT       TYPING.       Reasonable
rates. Call 731-1807, 12 noon to 9 p.m.
FAST, accurate typist will do typing
at home. Standard rates, please
phone   after  3:00 p.m.  263-0286.
25 — Instruction
SPANISH     CLASSES.    Beginners    and
advanced. Contact Bertha  738-3895.
TEACHER   OF   PIANO   AND   THEORY.
Excellent tuition for all grades and
ages. Preip. for Royal Cons, exams
and festivals. 682-7991.
EXCELLENT and cheap typing! Guaranteed to meet your original. Ask
for   Dave   room   124.   224-9762.
EXCELLENT    TYPING    AT    HOME    on
IBM    Selectric.    Vancouver    pick-up.
Reasonable  rates.  986-2577.
ACCURATE TYPING on electric machine. Essays, thesis, etc. Call 438-
2972.
99 — Miscellaneous
NEED A GOOD ROCK-FUNK BAND for
your shaker? Reasonable rates. Phone
736-1983 or 731-0844. PAGE FRIDAY
Punk Rock • New wave music
l
Punk rock, the music that can take your skin off, is this week's feature
story in Page Friday. An analysis of the phenomenon known as "new
wave music" appears on PF7.
Music fans may also note reviews of Rod Stewart, Taj Mahal and the
VSO on PF2.
An anti-aesthetic extravanganza, the Vancouver ugly building contest, is featured on PF3.
The libertarian political philosophy is explained on PF4. The article is
the first of two parts.
East Germany is the subject of a travel article on PF5.
On the film scene, PF6 looks at the Pacific Cinematheque Pacifique
Pumping. Iron is reviewed on PF8.
Vista, our weekly calendar of cultural events, closes the issue on PF9. mime
Emasculated Rod loses charm
By LES WISEMAN
One has to wonder what strange
power Britt Ekland has over men.
She gave Peter Sellers a coronary
on the night of their wedding, and
she seems to have turned Rod
Stewart, veteFan British blues
belter, into a raving bloody fruit.
Gone are the days of wasted
elegance. Gone is the good old
rockin' Roddy with glassy eyes and
Drambuie stains on the lapels of
his satin suits.
Well, the old grey goose ain't
what he used to be! For one thing
he's now a shocking blonde. It used
to be obvious that Rod would be a
great guy to share a bottle with, a
real one of the guys, someone you
could really roll in the gutter with.
These days, however, you'd get
rather nervous if he decided to
stand at the urinal next to you.
Even though with his blue
eyeshadow and tight ankle
spandex pants he looks like a Davie
Street drag queen, one must give
credit where credit is due. The guy
is a pro and a perfectionist. His
stage is completely encased in
white curtains which spare the
audience the boredom of roadies
changing equipment. When the
curtains open they reveal a chrome
and white stage with open sides
which enabled Stewart to play to
both sides as well as the front.
He opened the show with Three
Time Loser from the Atlantic
Crossing album, and followed with
the Ron Wood rip-off Big Bayou.
They were perfectly done, but it
was obvious that the shy guy who
used to sing the first two numbers
behind the curtains in the Jeff Beck
Group has changed.
The audience is his, and in the
sickenjngly prissy and fey style of
Peter Frampton and other pretty
boys he indulges himself in his
teen-idol appeal. Stewart has
always been a poseur and the
archetypal British peacock
strutter but what he doesn't seem
to know is that his new image is
already dated. It was done better
years ago by David Bowie and
Marc Bolan.
Lolling about the stage, often
lying down during instrumental
breaks, Rod simpered his way
through the big single Tonight's the
Night, You Wear It Well and The
IQlling of Georgie. They were all
perfectly done.
From the giant collaboration
album All This and World War II
he did his rendition of Get Back,
which once again proved that the
only people who can do justice to a
Beatle song are the Beatles.
The highlight of the evening was
his rhythm and blues tinged version of the old Vanilla Fudge
number, You Keep Me Hanging
On. The saving grace of Rod
Stewart has always been his impeccable taste, and even if he dyes
his hair tacky colours and plucks
his eyebrows he still knows a good
song when he hears one and in
most cases can general do it better
than ttie original.
Maggie Mae followed. And what
can you say, it is a classic and
everyone in the Coliseum thrilled
to its opening bars. But once again
the Stewart ego took over and
shutting the band down he insisted
on all the fourteen year olds belting
out the chorus. Who pays eight fifty
a seat to hear the audience sing? It
was the most self-indulgent excess
of ego in the entire show.
See PF6: ROD
VSO bumbles Bartok
By ROBERT JORDAN
All three works comprising the
most recent Main Series Concert of
the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra were relatively unfamiliar
to the orchestra. This was
decidedly to the orchestra's
disadvantage in their ac-
compnaying role in Bartok's Violin
Concerto No. 2 (1938), with Hamao
Fujiwara as the supurb guest
soloist.
Conversely, Kazuyoshi Akiyama
guided the orchestra through
Tchaikovsky's Manfred Symphony, Op. 58 in as fine a style as
the work is ever likely to receive
on an emotional level.
The opening work on the
programme was Canadian composer Harry Somer's North
Country: Four Movements For
String Orchestra. It was an early
work, written in 1948, demonstrating an admirable grasp of the
technique of writing for strings.
This is coupled with an
imagination generating extremely
effective musical ideas which are
expressed in a thoroughly convincing overall form. Clearly the 23
year old Somers was a composer
with great potential.
The strings of the VSO displayed
great evidence of under-rehearsal.
In the slow melodic lines of the first
movement, for instance, the upper
strings seemed virtually incapable
of changing notes simultaneously.
The various sections of the group
exhibited widely divergent degrees
of competence at handling their
individual parts. Therefore the
performance lacked the
cohesiveness of solid ensemble
generated by deep familiarity with
the material at hand.
His Violin Concerto No. 2 shows
Bartok to be as consummate a
compositional craftsman as any
who lived. The work is not easily
accessible to a lay audience,
though Fujiwara's marvellous
performance could hardly have
failed to impress. And impress it
did, to bountiful applause.
This concerto, however, is not
one of those which has Soloist vs.
Orchestra. In it, the solo violin has
admittedly the single most important part to play, but its part is
integral to the overall musical
rhetoric and texture. The orchestra's role is far from that of
mere accompaniment.
Monday night's was quite an
ambivalent performance, with
FYijiwara's superb fiddling on one
hand and the unfortunate orchestra in unfamiliar territory
again  on   the  other.   The   VSO
muddled its way with sporadic
hints of decent ensemble punctuating obvious confusion and
wrong notes.
However, the anguish the orchestral players must have felt at
their less than exemplary rendition
of the Bartok was unleashed with a
vengeance in Tchaikovsky's
Manfred.
This piece is based on Byron's
dramatic poem of the same name.
It contains much of the pessimism,
melancholy and heart-rending
anguish which was to culminate
eight years later in Tchaikovsky's
Pathetique Symphony of 1893. It is
even in the same key, b minor.
It is not one of Tchaikovsky's
most often played works,
presumably because the melodic
material is not as distinctive as
that of his most memorable and
famous tunes. Though
Tchaikovsky himself had alternate
grave doubts and unbridled,
praise for the work, it is a well
crafted as any he wrote.
As a result of being back in the
familiar world of traditional
harmony, (he upward surge in
confidence of the VSO players was
immediately apparent. This
greater confidence aided immeasurably towards making this
what could be one of the most
memorable performances of the
year for the VSO.
It was far from note perfect, but
the ardour which the players lent
to their parts produced a performance which was staggering in
intensity at times. The music only
occasionally waxes tender but
these parts were played with appropriate sentiment and delicacy.
The performance cohered and was
a deeply satisfying entity to hear
as a whole.
Manfred closes softly,. despite
enough previous bombast to set the
entire Orpheum Theatre quivering
on it foundations. Among the
audience which shuffled out
talkatively afterwards, there must
have been many who had
discovered a rather fine work of
which they had not been previously
aware.
Their first impression, as a
result of this admirable performance by the VSO, could only
have been a most favourable one.
Taj pleases
By MICHAEL TREW
It takes a lot of love to make an
audience cheer and shout after a
two-hour wait for a performance to
begin, but Taj Mahal's got it.
Tuesday night he strode out onto
the stage at the Commodore
Ballroom and opened with down-
home Southern blues pieces that
have been around a lot longer than
he has. Great songs (Ain't
nobody's business but my own. . .)
from a fine singer.
His guitar was okay too, but I
couldn't hear the piano; there's no
excuse for it to be so badly mixed.
Later he was joined by a young
musician whose name I missed
because the sound was so terrible
who played flute and some African
instruments. The audience was
enthralled with the unique sounds
produced by the two.
To finish off the set Taj was
joined by three others, a bass
player, drummer, and conga
player who helped him play some
reggae tunes from his latest
album. The audience loved it;
everyone was dancing.
The main problem at the concert
was really the audience. Vancouver is no place for acoustic
guitar-pickers any more. The
crowd       wandered       around
—murray helmes photo
ROD STEWART .. . teen idol appeal
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SPECIALIZING IN *   "
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TIED LEAF RESTAURANT
Unique traditional Chinese Cooking
Special Luncheon Smorgasbord
throughout the concert (why aren't
there reserved seats?), obviously
stoned and drunk, having such a
good time that they ruined the
show for me. They weren't really
listening to what could have been a
wonderfiil performance of reggae
for the city.
There's a bit of irony here. If you
like his style, you go to hear Taj
when you might as well stay home
and spend the $7 on an album.
Have we hit the days when a live
performance is secondary to a
recording?
Opening the night's entertainment was a local band, Rio
Bumba, led by Albert St. Albert on
congas and Jerry Silver on guitar.
They played their own brand of
reggae, someof it original, some of
it based on themes from Santana,
Pharaoh Sanders, and Joe Farrell.
Unfortunately the sound was
poor, which didn't enhance the
repetititive nature of the music.
Some members of the audience
complained that the tunes were too
long, but as Jerry told me, "The
idea of a our music is for people to
get up and dance and have a good
time. We're not putting on a concert. Ask the dancers if they liked
the music."
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Page Friday, 2
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977 aesthetics
Ugly buildings vandalize city
After receiving a record-tying
number of nominations (the
previous record was zero), we've
come up with some buildings we
think are contenders for being the
ugliest building in Vancouver.
Inappropriate, in bad taste, and
without imagination; these are the
qualities that make these buildings
visual pollution.
some stand out more than others.
We'd like to know which building
you see here is the ugliest, the
nastiest, the most offensive to the
eye and mind.
Bring your choice to SUB 241K
some lunch hour. The vote deadline
is Wednesday, Oct. 12. We'll have
the loathsome winner next week.
B.C. SUGAR REFINERY... shades of Dickens and Victoria in an ugly mood. Rows and rows of small,
filthy windows glower down on a sterile East End street, evoking memories of a time best forgotten, when
the 40-hour week and child labour laws were unknown. A thoroughly depressing and intimidating mass of
brick.
CARLING O'KEEFE BREWERIES... An industrial plant dropped
inexplicably into a green residential area. On one side is the confused
mass of pipes, tanks and technology; on the other, facing 12th Avenue,
is a six-storey wall — utterly blank. Molson's at least has some windows
and a clock. Carling's is an example of making the absolute least of
what you've got.
THE POLICE STATION AND COURT COMPLEX... Does this ugly off-white building remind you of any
novels that you might have read? Let's say, 1984 and the bombproof Ministry of Truth? A colossal concrete
monolith with colonades and a jail with elevators, the police station is a bastion set on the very frontier of
Vancouver's slums. This monument to order and regularity just might have enough vacuity to suck clean the
mjnds of the enemies of empire. If the Romans are inside, where are the Christians and the lions?
PACIFIC CENTRE A one-two punch of offensive architecture. On
the left is the "Tower of Darkness", a black monolith that wasn't
photogenic enough for Kubrick's space odyssey, while on the right is
Eaton's, the world's largest urinal wall rising from Howe street as blank
as the architect's mind. Hated from the day it was first constructed,
Pacific Centre is a monument to the empty imagination.
—photos by gaoff wnealwright
KITSILANO TRANSFER ... A rustic and rusting grey, the Kitsilano Transfer is a fine example of one of
Vancouver's many industrial parks. This relic from the days of cheap sheet metal is scenically situated by the
railroad tracks. The roof of this ugly building is a corrugated iron slab and there is a shiny aluminum awning
over the door to protect someone's head from the seagulls roosting on the roof.
Friday, October 7, 1977
THE       UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 3 politics
Libertarians fight authority
By BRIAN STOFFELL
This is the first of a two part
article on \libertarianism.
It is not possible to give a
thorough account of the libertarian
position in a short piece like this, or
for that matter in a full-scale article. What follows should be
thought of as one person's attempt
to outline a few connected points
from within a libertarian ambiance.
Politicially, the oppositionist and
anarchist character of the libertarian stance is most obvious. The
State, taken as that group of institutions which include
Parliament, the ministries, the
army, the law courts and the
police, is regarded as the most
powerful authoritarian force in
society.
As distinct from the Marxists,
who view the state as an instrument of the capitalist class
which exists to protect capitalist
interests, it is the anarchist view
that the State has a special interest
of it own, independent of class
function. That special interest is of
course control. Consequently,
libertarians look with sympathy on
the following anarchist views:
What anarchists do reject
is the institutionalization of
organization, the establishment
of a special group of people
whose function is to organize
other      people. Anarchist
organization would be fluid and
open; as soon as organization
becomes hardened and closed, it
falls into the hands of
bureaucracy, becomes the instrument of a particular class,
and reverts to the expression of
authority instead of the coordination of society. Every
group tends toward oligarchy,
the rule of the few, and every
organization tends towards
bureaucracy, the rule of the
professionals.
(N. Walter, Anarchy, 100, June
1969)
The same spirit can be felt at
work in the next piece which is by
Anton Pannekoek, a theorist of
council communism:
The goal of the working class is
liberation from exploitation.
This goal is not reached and
cannot be reached by a new
directing and governing class
substituting itself for the
bourgeoisie. It is only realized by
the workers themselves being
master over production.
(From "Five Theses on the Class
Struggle")
No matter what reasons are given
for the necessity of accepting State
authority or for the extension of
state power, it remains a fact that
power and control are the
dominant State motives, and this is
at the expense of freedom, self-
management and the exercise of
initiative.
The theoretical assumption on
which this view partly rests is as
follows: libertarians reject the
soKdarist or organic theory of the
State — i.e. the theory or
assumption that society is a
unitary or somehow totally integrated thing in which it is
possible to discern a common
interest or function or purpose.
This assumption is rejected in
favour of the view that there are an
irreducible multiplicity of groups
and interests constituting society,
which all too often may be in
conflict with one another.
Acceptance of this position does
not entail the acceptance of a
theory often referred to as "social
atomism" or sometimes "social
individualism," a position which
does seem tobe tacitly accepted by
many people.
The debate at this level is about
the nature of society, and needs to
be kept quite separate from considerations of "individualism" in
the sense of support for the plight
of particular people in relation to
the State or some other looming
institution.
Getting back to the theoretical
debate, individuals ought not to be
thought of as the basic atoms or
units of social analysis, for there
are wider wholes to which they
belong, such as classes, groups,
movements, institutions and
organizations which are also
important ingredients of society —
e.g., the State has its own distinctive and authoritarian way of
working quite irrespective of
which particular individuals
happen tobe running it at the time.
As I have already indicated
libertarians draw much of their
inspiration from the values and
aspirations of the classical
anarchists; that is the activities
they support are of an anti-servile,
probing and unauthoritarian kind.
The vision is one of an individual
free from the illusions of dependence, not credulous of the
dominating trends that sweep
across society, and substantially
self-defining in regard to projects
of development.
The libertarian view of the
Church is similar to that held about
the State,  namely  that  it is  a
repressive, authoritarian institution, allowing of course that
the Church has a different mode of
operation.
In one respect you have to hand it
to religion, it undoubtedly surpasses every other human activity
in sheer weight and variety of
bullshit, but if one gives a little
thought to its role as an accomplice
in class domination throughout
history, it is hardly a surprise that
growing numbers of people are
contemptuous of it.
"Bulldust!"
While theological questions
about the existence of a god are all
spurious, the earthly role of the
Church is an important matter for
consideration. Beliefs in the
supernatural hang like a dense fog
over the fundamental issues of
daily life in society, obscuring and
hiding the proper objects of critical
activity.
Further to this, the more
powerful the Church the more
submissive and servile are its
adherents;   a state-of-affairs  en
couraged by the religious emphasis on the notions of obedience,
worship and reverence.
Tied to these functions of course
one finds an extension of control
over sexual practices and moral
codes which issues in support for
the family and marriage,
restrictions on sexual behaviour
and the subordination of sexual
pleasure to the wheel of meat —
procreation.
The second part of our libertarian feature will appear next
Friday.
Page Friday. 4
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977 East Germany paradoxical
travel I
By ALLEN MILLEN
UBC    student    Alan     Millen      recently      returned
to   Vancouver    from Switzerland.
As the train pulled out of Bebra, a small West German
border town, we settled back into our seats and tried to act
as relaxed as possible.
The sense of tension which had made my hands clammy
and my stomach tight gradually disappeared as we passed
through the pleasant rolling countryside of houses, farms
and fields.
For those thirty or so minutes we could have been
anywhere in the world, but as the train drew to a slow,
screeching, ear-piercing halt the realization that we were
within the borders of the German Democratic Republic
struck somehwat disquietingly home. s
The sound of howling dogs, not far from the train underlined the fact in a not especially subtle tone. They
sounded vicious and hungry. The snarling and snapping,
which never stopped during our fifty-five minute wait,
defied anyone to try anything.
After a few minutes the first member of the parade of
guards appeared. Our passports were checked and our
hostel reservations examined, after which we received our
visas at $6 each.
The second guard, a customs official, looked at our bags
but nothing was opened. After they left, the money changer
arrived. We were required to change just under $6 a day.
Then finally, last but not least, the conductor came
around Everything was in order.
ERFURT... deceptive first impression
The journey continued. Although terse, the guards were
neither as officious nor as unfriendly as had been
rumoured. One even wished us a pleasant stay.
It was only shortly after the train resumed its journey
that we encountered the first of the ubiquitous propoganda
sbgans. In the course of the two hour trip we saw signs
about every ten minutes along the track, obviously directed
at passing passengers. "Workers of the world unite!" and
"Marxism-Leninism: The building plan of our lives"
became as eye-catching and as mind-numbing as "Come to
Marlboro Country" or "Drink Coke. It's the Real Thing."
The placards were to become as much an eyesore as
billboards and flashing neon signs in any western country.
Propoganda, it seems, makes the world go round.
Erfurt, the first city we visited, proved to be a deceptive
initial impression. Embodying my conception of what prewar Europe must have been like, it was a scruffy, shabby,
down-at-the-heels city. Caked in'industrial blackness, it was
in desperate need of a face-lift, which we soon discovered
was already underway. The entire city centre was hidden
behind a network of wooden scaffolding and an army of
workers busy remodelling the town's face.
Except for its cathedral, Erfurt has little to offer the
tourist, but is was as good a town as any in which to begin.
It was there that we had our first of many unforgettable
experiences with East German restaurants. The first fact
of life one has to accept is that there are extremely few
restaurants and are therefore, regardless of category or
price, nearly always full. To complicate matters they are
not easy to find.
Nothing is done to help the potential customer. It is impossible to look down a street and decide whether or not
there are any eating places in sight. One is forced to walk
the streets from door to door peering into windows to see if
anyone inside is eating. No sparkling neon signs indicate a
restaurant, no golden arches beckon enticingly with the
promise of a hamburger at the end.
Secondly, the selection of dishes, regardless of the numer
of items on the menu, is narrow indeed. On several occasions we accepted fifth or sixth choice, but after a few
days we learned to ask first what was available and then
choose. It saved time and spared both us and the waitress
considerable discomfort.
But now comes the good part. The food everywhere was
good and cheap. Dinner for two including drinks never
exceeded $5. On one memorable occasion we had lunch of
pickled herring, boiled potatoes and cabbage plus drinks for
the total price of $1.30.
Drinks, however, were a constant problem. Trying to find
anything cold and refreshing became an obsession. The
beer, at least until we go north to; Berlin, was mediocre at
best. It had a peculiar metallic flavour which lingered long
after the last drop. Soft drinks, when available, were flat,
warm, and sickeningly sweet. Time and time again the only
choice was a syrupy cherry juice with all the thirst quenching qualities of salt water.
It became routine to discover that even classy looking
restaurants often had only warm beer on offer. On a sizzling
hot afternoon in Wittenberg we were delighted to find a
restaurant which served a cold drink something akin to
grapefruit pop. But two hours later when we returned for a
second glass the entire supply of grapefruit pop had
vanished.
Luther himself might have considered a deal with the
devil for a couple of tall cool ones. A man at our table informed us that as the summer wore on the drink situation
would worsen. The supply is never able to meet the
demand. After about a week we were beginning to get used
to it.
After a few days in Erfurt we travelled by train to
Weimar. Public transport was very cheap. Tram rides cost
about five cents and the train fares were about half as much
as those in western Europe.
Weimar is a pleasant, well-preserved town, one of the
cleanest and most attractive we visited. In contrast to
Erfurt it was much more colourful and certainly better
kept. It ranks as one of the most interesting and most
visited towns in the country.
Tourists from aH over eastern Europe flock there on
pilgrimage to the Goethe-Schiller Museum, which sad to
say was something of a disappointment in that literature
unfortunately takes a back seat to socialism.
Goethe is presented as a man of the people deeply concerned with agrarian and social reform who anticipated the
communist revolution by about a hundred and twenty
years. All this came as something of a contrast to his
reputation in the west as a famous lady-killer who liked
nothing better than to hobnob with the aristocracy. His
works were shunted well into the background and his
supposedly socialist sentiments are given the spotlight.
There is even an entire section of the museum devoted to
the comments of latter day socialist and communist party
members on Goethe's importance as an example of early
socialist thought.
The notion of integrating classical literature into present
day socialist ideology plays a major role in the museum's
interpretation of Goethe's significance.
This determindedly anachronistic presentation severely
damages the museum's credibility. Somehow the past is
reconstructed to fit the present, humorously reminiscent of
Cinderella's step-sister trying to jam her ugly foot into the
shoe of perfection. In the Brothers Grimm version of the
tale she cuts off her toes to make the shoe fit. A visit to the
Goethe Museum give one the impression that the same
brain was at work there, too.
Our contact with the people showed them to be very
warm, helpful and friendly; a far cry indeed from the dour-
faced, unsmiling stereotype so often portrayed in the
western press.
Having booked ahead at the youth hostels we were always
received with the greeting: "Oh yes, here are our friends
from Switzerland."
People spoke to us quite readily, but rather surprisingly
not about politics. No one mentioned anything about
freedom, money, or ideology. They gave the impression of
being reasonably satisfied with their lot.
No one showed any burning desire to escape to the west,
but without exception they regretted that they weren't
allowed to travel there.
It seems that only intellectuals, scientists, and artists
EAST GERMANY ... highest living standard in bloc
really have anything to gain by defecting. The average East
German worker is simply not prepared to sacrifice
security, family, culture, and language for whatever intangible benefits he or she may find in a western country.
Conversations we had with people revolved around fairly
mundane topics such as family, holidays, wages (average
monthly wage is 360 dollars) and the weather. One detected
a sense of pride at East German accomplishments,
especially in sports.
People also seemed pleased at the country's economic
progress. There is presently an acute manpower shortage
which has led to heavy reliance on foreign workers, mostly
Czechs and Poles.
In fact, it is generally agreed that East Germany has the
highest standard of living among all the communist bloc
countries. In western terms the standard of living might
correspond to a country like Italy or Ireland, except for the
fact that there is neither extreme poverty nor extreme
wealth.
But whatever the pluses and minuses of communist
economics, East Germany is certainly a strange place for a
westerner to go shopping. Food everywhere was rathsa
cheap, but there was little or no variety.
There are shortages, noticably of fruit jwd vegetables.;
Cherries were in abundance, but except for atftpv peaches in.
Berlin at eighty cents a pound, and a ft|# bananas im-
Leipzig, we saw nothing else. Cauliflower, ^cucumber, and*';
cabbage dominated the vegetable stand*, parrots an#|y
tomatoes were conspicuous by their absence. ' .«.*
Of all the household staples bread was the cheapest. *
Fresh-baked buns cost about two cents each. Most dairy
products were inexpensive with the exception of eggs at
$1.40 a dozen, but of all the food items we saw the most
surprisingly high-priced was instant coffee at an
astronomical $720 for a 3.5 ounce jar.
Throughout the country people were adequately clothed,
but many people wore homemade garments. The men were
rather blandly dressed, the women more colorfully outfitted.
LENIN MONUMENT... symbol of Russian influence
Mini-skirts seemed to be the rage although it was difficult
to determine if that was due to the dicates of fashion or
economics.
Clothes in the stores were nearly all made of synthetic
fabrics, about fifteen years behind western fahsions, and
extremely expensive. A man's shirt with the texture of thick
wax paper sold for $20. Acrylic women's cardigans were
priced at $25. Nylons were nowhere to be seen. Blue jeans
drew both curious and envious stares confirming their
reputation as a cherished article.
Luxury goods which we in the west take more or less for
granted are still considered a prize possession. 19 inch
colour televisions were on display for $1600 and even more
modest black and white models were $800 on the average.
But despite the prices television atennaes were a common
enough sight. The youth hostels we stayed at were all
supplied with a television; one actually had two television
rooms, one for smokers and one for non-smokers.
The first really large city we visited was Leipzig, a
sprawling industrial city and the home of Karl Marx
University.
Of special interest was the museum of the city's history.
Divided into two distinct parts the museum charts Leipzig's medieval beginnings and its development into a
cultural (Bach spent many years there) and economic
centre.
The second part, which is entitled The History of Leipzig
from 1917 to die Present, is actually a long and detailed
account of the city's communist party's activities from the
Russian Revolution onwards. Despite the obvious bias and
the accompanying propoganda the presentation is still an
interesting and well documented one.
Leipzig is a city looking toward the future. A stroll
through the centre reveals towering high rises standing
next to deserted ruins and what looks like post war rubble.
The entire city is a confusion of construction and
demolition, but it promises to be reasonably attractive
when completed.
Unfortunately, Leipzig's most noticeable feature is a
negativeone: pollution. Industrial expansion at the expense
of the environment has yielded some truly sorry results.
The smog level was bad, but even worse was the condition
of the river which flowed behind our hostel.
The White Elster is anything but white. Pitch black and
motionless, it gave off a stench which defies description.
Suff ice to say that in eighty degree heat we had to sleep with
all the windows shut.
If Leipzig is at the moment a somewhat non-descript city,
then Berlin, which recently celebrated the fiftennth anniversary of the building of the infamous wall, is a city
unique unto itself.
Its huge seven hundred foot television tower at Alexan-
derplatz is unfortunately only Berlin's second most famous
landmark. The tree-lined pedestrian zones beneath the
tower make the city centre a popular and pleasant area for
walking. The whole square serves as a meeting place for
people of all description.
Che of the many fountains, simply nicknamed "Alex," is
an international crossroads where eastern youth, their tape
recorders blaring out western hits, gather and congregate
in scenes reminiscent of Trafalger Square.
Another place of interest is the Palace of the Republic, an
ostentatious yet awe-inspiring tribute to the socialist cause,
and incidentally the only place in the country were we saw
drinks with ice. No wonder the place was packed!
See pf9: POLITICS 	
Friday, October 7,  1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 5 Cinematheque moves forward
By GRAY KYLES
Until 1971 Vancouverites who
wanted to see movies other than
the kind on show in commercial
theatres were restricted in what
they could find.
During the school year they
could subscribe to Cinema 16 here
at UBC or take in the Burnaby
Mountain Film Society showing at
SFU. But other than that there was
no regular alternate film
programming available in the city.
In 1971, Tony Ejnery, then
director of the Vancouver Art
Gallery, asked Kirk Tougas of the
small Vancouver Filmmaker's Coop to organize a weekly film series
at the Art Gallery.
Thus was born the Pacific
Cinematheque Pacifique. The
Filmmaker's Co-op was mostly
concerned with film production but
Tougas was more interested in
exhibiting and distributing films —
so he formed the new organization.
Tougas had been involved with
film for several years. He had been
the co-ordinator of Cinema 16 and
was once the film critic for Page
Friday. He was also an active
filmmaker.
He interested the NFB in the
young Cinematheque and secured
the use of their mini-theatre on
West Georgia for most of their
screenings.
The Art Gallery provided the
first funds for the organization and
money has since come from the
Canada Council, B.C. Arts Fund,
the Koerner Foundation, the
Secretary of State and the Vancouver Foundation.
But Tougas, who is still the
director of the Cinematheque, has
never been satisfied with the
support government agencies have
provided.
"All grants to the arts are
tokenism," he said in a recent
interview with Page Friday, "and
film is the lowest priority.
"We're not receiving the kind of
money we should from government
arts councils now and we never
really have in the past."
The Cinematheque generates a
great deal of its operating budget
through admissions to its various
film showings. But with a theatre
that only seats 82 people the
amount that can be taken in is
severely limited.
"We've been negotiating with the
provincial government for some
time now to move into the theatre
that will be included in the new
Courthouse complex," Tougas
said.
"But they haven't been too
responsive so far. We've proposed
that the Art Gallery share it with
the government during the day and
the Cinematheque use it at night."
Increased revenue is not the only
reason Tougas wants to move.
"The new Courthouse and Art
Gallery   looks   like   an   exciting
CINEMATHEQUE .. first Chinese features in North America
project and could become the
cultural centre for Vancouver.
We'd naturally like to be part of
it."
The move to the larger theatre
would also mean that the
Cinematheque would not have to
turn patrons away for their more
popular series.
Each month there are four or
five separate series which range
from studies of various film genres
to examples of new experimental
cinema.
"We have a strong commitment
to feature experimental or underground movies that would
otherwise never get shown," said
Tougas. "Sometimes we only draw
small crowds for those but that's
alright.
"Some of those people may have
been reading about a filmmaker
for five years. They appreciate the
opportunity to finally see some of
his work. And if we can bring him
in with his films then that's even
better."
Over the years several important experimental filmmakers
have been showcased by the
Cinematheque and many have
come to town to speak with
audiences.
People such as Lenny Lipton,
David Hykes and the Maysles
Brothers have appeared at
showings of their films.
This month the Cinematheque is
bringing in British directors Tim
Bruce    and    David    Larcher.
One director Tougas would
rather forget about is Ken Russell,
who arrived in town for a speaking
engagement last August and then
disappeared one hour before
showtime. Fortunately, he has
been the rare exception.
Some of the most memorable
series the Cinematheque has
presented have been: films by
women, several animation
programs, film noir, ethnographic
films and studies of directors such
as Renoir, Scorsese and Godard.
Last summer Tougas organized
a three month Ozu festival which
was probably the most comprehensive ever presented in
Canada.
But one of the most exciting
programs the Cinematheque has
ever presented takes place this
month beginning on Oct. 7.
The China Film Week is the
result of two years of work by
Tougas and is being presented in
cooperation with the Chinese
Embassy.
Each night for the entire week
the Cinematheque will screen a
different feature produced in the
People's Republic of China. This is
the first series of its kind ever in
North America.
When the series ends here it
moves on to Montreal, Toronto and
Ottawa.
"These eight pictures that we
will be showing will give Vancouverites a better understanding
of modern Chinese life than they
could ever get from newspapers or
television," said Tougas.
All eight pictures will be shown
at the Bay Theatre on Denman
Street and admission is $2.00 per
show.
In December and January the
Cinematheque is planning
Canadian film festival featurin;
British Columbia films, movie
from Quebec, experimental short
and features from the past fiv
years that never made it to Var
couver.
Although the Cinematheque filr
showings are most visible to th
community, the organization ha
two other major functions.
It has established an extensioi
service under the direction o
Kathy Razutis which organize
film programs for libraries
schools and similar institution
throughout B.C.
Now in its third year, th
program is growing and has beei
accepted in many communities
There is now also a distributioi
wing which handles films made b;
West Coast filmmakers.
"Previously many local film
makers had to distribute thei
films through organizations ii
Toronto," said Tougas. "Ofte
their films were just buried an
forgotten about.
"Now they can come to us am
we'll distribute and sell their film;
to libraries, schools, communit;
centres and the like. Because we'r<
smaller we can give each filn
more attention and of course we'n
much more accessible than som<
company that's 2,000 miles away.'
Tougas says that he and hi:
small staff have no desire t<
become involved in production
Exhibition, distribution and ex
tension services are enough to keej
things buzzing down at their offici
at 1616 West 3rd Avenue.
In only six years the Pacifii
Cinematheque Pacifique hai
established itself as the mos
important and vital force in filn
exhibition   in  Vancouver.
.Wear it*.
to say it
...whatever your message!
Custom screen-printed T-shirts
for business promotions, groups
& organizations.
4447 QUEBEC ST, VANCOUVER, V5V 3L6
874-9243
Rod lacking
From PF2
Sweet Little Rock n' Roller
proved beyond a doubt that Britt
must have bitten Rod's rock n' roll
balls off. The only thing which
saved the song was the Chuck
Berry tutored guitar of Billy Peek,
who is possibly the only human on
the face of the planet who can
successfully duplicate Berry's
famous duck-walk.
The set ended with I'm Losin
You from the Every Picture Tells a
Story album, which featured a solo
by legendary drummer Carmine
Appice. Now everyone knows that
drum solos are the most boring
things in the world, however a
Carmine Appice solo is an exception. The man is superb, a
combination of soul and technical
proficiency that is unique in the
rock world.
Of course, Stewart was called
back for an encore and never was
the good time sloppiness of the
Faces missing more than in Stay
With Me. It was clean, crisp,
precise and absolutely lacking in
the male hormones, rampant
horniness, and Southern Comfort
that originally gave it such appeal.
As always, Stewart ended with
Twistin the Night Away, which
although it is better than Sam
Cooke's version just wasn't up to
Stewart's previous standard of
excellence.
It was a competent show, not
lacking in musicianship, not
lacking in professionalism. What it
was lacking was that old rooster-
haired, slack-jawed, glassy-eyed,
gravel-voiced Rod that we used to
know.
ARTS
Mil! GARM
Today,
Oct. 7th -
4:00-8:00
Everybody Welcome
GOOD MUSIC, CHEAP BEARS, &
LOTS OF RED & WHITE BUBBLIES, GREAT TIMES.
Page Friday, 6
THE
UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977 muste
Punk vision reflects mood of the times
By WILL WHEELER
It seems that contemporary society is
aking on an increasingly Dionysian
:haracter. Each year sees the passage of
lew cultural phenomena that convulse
Vestern society into an orgiastic cycle of
expansion and contraction that permits its
nembers to have a sense of something in
common. Examples? Protest against the
var in Vietnam, disco music, Jaws, the
wist.
Now the onslaught is being prepared for
he new wave of popular music, otherwise
aiown as punk rock. As in the early 1960's,
here is confusion about what this new music
5 and what its value is and whether the long
erm effects will be good or bad.
Many of the new wave groups have been
notivatedby a reaction against the music of
he 1970s. But although it is interesting in
ome of its aspects, the new music lacks the
ense of a broad cultural movement that
irovided the exciting emphasis to the music
f the 1960s.
There is also a desire on the part of new
/ave musicians to play a hard-driving
>rand of sound, which cuts through the
nulti-layered artifice of synthetic
lisco/jazz/rock styles. This is shown by
heir return to the basic guitars and drums
nd the use of simple lyrics and guitar
hords.
Busting heads
Punk musicians seek to retain their high
tage impact on their records by recording
ongs that are short and loud and by repeat
yrics. The result is music that is practically
mlistenable. Instead it is necessary to
lance to it — or bust heads. It reminds one
f theenergetic rock and roll of the Doors or
he Kinks, where the gut feeling of the music
/as just as important as the lyrics.
Unitl recently, most of the information
bout punk rock has been distant rumbling
f the horizons from such places as London,
-os Angeles and New York. There have
een many lurid reports in the media about
uch groups as Johnny Rotten and the Sex
Istols, the Runaways and the Dictators.
A lot of these people sound like the villains
ut of comic books, vaunting their
espective qualities of nastiness and no-
oodness. There is a certain fascination that
le phenomena holds, especially for naive
Canadians, but there are some ugly facts
ehind the fun-house terror.
By most accounts, a great deal of punk
ock's flavor has stemmed from its origins
mongst Ihe working-class youth of Britain.
Vustratedby a rigid class structure and an
conomy that has steadily worsened they
ave turned to new kinds of music and ac-
ompanying cultural paraphernalia in an
ttempt to create their own Values. It is an
levi table part of a revolt against a society
lat they find has no meaning for them.
Many of the new groups are jealous of the
lder groups such as the Rolling Stones and
ie Beatles who are now middle-aged and
xtremely wealthy. Even if they play
material written by the older groups, as
iey often do, punks are conscious that these
eople sold out after preaching revolution.
The new wave
However, as a movement punk rock really
oesn't exist. There are large numbers of
erious musicians who resent the tag of
unk rock being applied to their music,
referring instead to be called hew wave.
The only thing there seems to be in
ommonisa desire to return to the basics of
ock and to establish themselves as
lusicians.
It is a reminder that the need for change
nd growth in music and in life is absolute,
ven when it is marked by riot and
evolution.
Any understanding of punk rock, which is
lost likely the music of the 1980s (1984,
nyone?) rather than the 1970s, must start
nth an understanding of the music of the
960's. It was one of those significant periods
f time by which everything is measured for
ears to come, like the 1830's, which saw a
'ave of revolution and the Romantic
lovement sweep right across Europe.
By comparison this decade has spawned
ome pitiful musical phenomena, such as
isco music and the Bay City Rollers, who
'ere to have been the Beatles all over again.
But still it seems that every so often
eople have to get at the barricades and do
Mne shouting about something. Punk rock
"*<*. A
or new wave music is in danger because of
the expectations up to which it has to live.
Like the Bay City Rollers, the whole thing
could go flat simply because there isn't any
substance to support it.
The Beatles, as they originally were,
should be a good example for the young
bloods who are now seeking to set the music
world on its ear once agin.
In the early sixties they were punks in the
original sense of the word. They may have
been nice guys, but they were disrespectful
of culture with a capital "C" and the outworn concepts of existing society.
They had their own ideas about life which
clashed with those of the older generation —
that it is what made them punks. However
they had something else, something far
more important. They were (and are) artists. They had the talent or the genius to
create through their music and their lives
new conceptions and ideas that affected a
whole generation.
By contrast the punks of the 1970's run the
risk of being a pitiful bunch of copycats,'
complete with torn-toorder t-shirts and
carefully honed Mick Jagger imitations.
They are often just kids with some talent
and big hopes of scaling the walls into the
citadel of the musical establishment,
complete with a pie-in-the-sky recording
contract hovering somewhere over the
battlements.
Faced with all the P.R. and media hype
that inevitably muddies the water around
any cultural event, there is only one weapon
that one can use for self-defense. It consists
of asking that age-old question — "But is it
art", though in this case it might be
necessary to scream the question.
There are many people who are now
saying, somewhat wistfully, "these new
wave guys have a lot of good ideas, I just
wish they could play their guitars".
Hooefullv. out of the current state of con
fusion will emerge new genius — artists who
can really play their instruments.
In the uproar about young people who
stick safety pins in their noses, people have
been taken in by a new schtick, a new
wrinkle in the artist's maxim that one must
shock the middle class, [epater le
bourgeois].
Most of the obviously disgusting facets of
punk culture are outward signs of a desire to
gain attention for the new music — like
Elvis' hips or Mick Jagger's tight pants. All
the same, one starts to wonder how much is
part of it a silly stage act and how much of it
is real.
The trouble is that even the most blatant
sexual references are not obscene any more
since their shock value was used up and
redefined by the cultural revolution of the
sixties. The punks have had to resort to a
different vocabulary and set of images.
Often relying on a madho-terror neo-fascist
vision and a grab-bag of everything that
might delight and/or frighten people, much
in the same way that a roller-coaster
does. It seems all so perfectly lurid and
artificial — after all, Kiss has been doing it
for years. But it's like violence on television.
It's not real and everyone knows it isn't, but
the effect on society is potentially far-
reaching and damaging.
However, the process of sifting out good
new musicians continues, as it has always
happened with any group given the label of a
"movements."
Growing up
There are large numbers of people who
are awaiting the first evidence of maturity
among the new artists. It will be something
on the order of the Sergeant Pepper Lp — a
solid example of originality and talent that
solidified the Beatles' position and
disproved any doubts about the new music
of the 1960s.
Of course there are many mature groups
such as Blue Oyster Cult that have nothing
but disdain for the "new wave" and with
good reason. They can't help but see
phoniness and garbage in it all, since they
haveprobably been doing the same thing for
years, with their own loyal group of fans.
The media hype has to a certain extent
created something that really isn't there, an
idea which vast numbers of people are now
seeking to cash in on.
And of course, the new wave is actually
leaning heavily on the ideas and material of
the 1960s 'punks,' who most likely didn't
have that name at the time — Lou Reed and
Ihe Velvet Underground, the Kinks, the
Doors. They were the people who held onto a
darker and perhaps more realistic vision of
human life during the decade of love and
flower power.
There is one question that remains answered. That is, what does punk rock have
to do with Vancouver?
The artifice of punk becomes painfully
apparent in a city that is relatively mellow,
prosperous and mainly middle class.
FVankly, people seem too self-satisfied to
take on the anger that punk preaches. The
,1960's witnessed the burning of cities and
fighting in the streets; the closest Vancouver ever came was the Gastown smoke-
in.
Shithead
PUNKROCKERS ... from their current state of confusion will genius emerge?
At punk events in Vancouver crowds have
been fairly enthusiastic but they have been
small and self-conscious. They are like the
followers of any new religion — a diverse
group, unsure of itself and the directions
that the whole thing is taking.
There are a number of local bands who
are interested in introducing the punk sound
to Vancouver. Names such as Joey Shithead
and the Skulls, The Furies and DeeDee and
the Dishrags (an all-female group from
Victoria) come to mind. But it seems that
they're going to have trouble trying to introduce music that has a heavy New York
flavour.
The amount of activity there is much
lower, even compared with Toronto, and it
will be hard for punk music to develop. This
never was a city with a big music industry.
As for the new wave music elsewhere,
only time will tell.
:riday, October 7,  1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 7 Bulging bods in tender story
By LES WISEMAN
Pumping Iron is a tender story of
the love of a group of men for their
muscles. Based on the book by
Charles Gaines and George Butler,
Pumping Iron is a documentary
based on the preparation for the
1975 Mr. Olympic contest in
Pretoria, South Africa.
The undisputed star of the body
building world is Arnold Schwarzenegger. Schwarzenegger is a
personality and an ego-maniac on
me order of Muhammed Ali.
Pumping Iron,
Directed by B. G. Tiore,
Vancouver Centre.
He seems to be the premiere
spokesman for the sport and is an
example of the little known fact
that encased within immense
layers of muscle there can in some
cases lurk a vestige of intellect.
The supporting cast is made up
of contenders and losers. Big
names in the sport, such as Franco
Columbo, Serge Nubret, and Mike
Katz are given special treatment.
The main competition comes in
the form of Louis Ferrigno (who,
rumour has it, has just signed a
film deal to play the lead in the
movie version of The Hulk comic
books)
Ferrigno is a six foot five inch
275-pound hunk of beef who is
completely dominated by his
father, has the mental capacities of
a yak, and is possibly- the best
argument for the idea that weight
lifters have no brains.
The cinema verite style of
Pumping Iron results in some
interesting effects. At various
times the screen is filled with such
choice shots as Arnold's nostrils
dilating furiously as he builds
himself up, close-ups of his
muscular jaws chewing gum, and a
never ending series of oil-laden
biceps, triceps, deltoids and
pectorals.
Besides being ninety minutes of
bulging bods and rippling sinew
Pumping Iron also divulges the
huge amount of psychological
tactics involved when big money
and big titles are at stake. These
guys spend years working for three
minutes up on a stage and they are
merciless in their un-
derhandedness.
The idea of a movie about some
fanatics who want to turn themselves into fleshtone imitations of
the Hulk shouldn't repulse even
those of who gasp after opening the
refrigerator door.
Arnold sets us straight as to what
it's really all about. He describes a
feeling called "the pump", which
one gets when the muscles are
engorged with blood.
According to Schwarzenegger
it's just like coming with a woman.
He feels like he's coming in the
gym, when he's pumping up before
a competition, and at night at home
withhislady. The guy is coming ali
over the place around the clock
Quite the profession.
One final word: gentlemen, do
not be envious of these muscle
men; ladies: do not lust after them
in your hearts for in order to
achieve such tremendous muscle
growth these fellows must take
anabolic steroids. A slightly
disconcerting side effect of taking
these steroids is that the size of the
penis decreases.
r
GENERAL
"The movie that everyone is talking
about is "Starwars" — Les Wedman, Sun
Starring Mark Hamlll, Harrison Ford,
Carrie Fisher, Peter Cushlng and Alec
Guinness.
voquE
918 GRANVILLE
685-5434
  SHOW TIMES:
12:15, 2:35, 4:55, 7:15, 9:35.
Sunday 2:35. 4:55, 7:15, 9:35.
FANTASTIC ANIMATION FESTIVAL
THE GREATEST COLLECTION OF
ANIMATED FILMS IN THE WORLD!
Show Times:
12:05, 2:00, &50, 5:45, 7:40, 9:35
Sunday 2:00, 3:50, 5:45, 7:40, 9:35
General
coronet 2
(51  GRANVILLE
689-6821
MARTI] FELDMAN
MICHAEL 1JORK
GENERAL
SHOWS AT 7:30, 9:20
DROAaWAy 2
70 7 W. BROADWAY
874-1927
JOANNE GREENBERG'S
I NEVER PROMISED YOU A
ROSE GARDEN"
KATHLEEN QUINLAN
BIBI ANDERSON
MATURE
SHOWS 7:30-9:30
DARK
CAMBIE at 18th
876-2747
GIANCARLO
GIANNINI
LA GRANDE B0UR6E0ISE
ENGLISH SUB-TITLES
MATURE
SHOWS AT
7:30-9:30
VARSITy
224-3730
4375  W. 10»h
SCIENCE UNDERGRADUATE SOCIETY
PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE SUS
The objects of the science undergraduate society are:—
(7) to   assist   first   year   science   students   In   their
becoming oriented to university life.
Officers
(4) The   members   of   the   executive   shall   be   the
following members of the society:—
a) the president who shall have completed his
second year and attended at least two winter
sessions as a member of the society.
b) the vice president who shall have completed his first
year and attended at least one winter session as a
member of the society.
c) a number of Alma Mater society representatives, the
number being specified by the constltltlon of the
Alma Mater Society, who shall have completed their
second year and shall have attended one winter
session as a member of the society.
d) the treasurer who shall have completed his first year
and attended one winter session as a member of the
society.
e) the academic coordinator who shall have completed
his first year and attended at least one winter
session as a member of the society.
f) the athletic coordinator who shall have completed
his first year and attended at least one winter
session as a member of the society.
g) the public relations officer who shall have
completed his first year and attended at least
one   winter   session   as   a  member of the society.
h) the publications officer who shall have completed
his   first   year  and   attended   at   least   one   winter
session as a member of the society.
I) the secretary who shall have completed his first year
and   attended   at   least   one   winter   session   as   a
member of the society.
" a) the president
b) the vlce-presirtent
c) a number of SRA representatives, the number
being specified by the constitution of the Alma
Mater Society.
d) the treasurer
e) the academic coordinator
f) the athletic coordinator
g) the public relations officer
h) the publications officer
I) the secretary
(3) The requirements of the executive members
shall be considered as complete If the principal
part of the requirements have been fulfilled at
the time when the member Is elected.
All references to "Alma Mater Society"
representatives should be changed to "Student
Representative Assembly" representatives.
E. G.  KENWARD,
Public Relations Officer
for   H. A. Welch, President
M. E. Lockhart, Vice President
Science Undergraduate Society
Page Friday. 8
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977 r
Vw
By NICHOLAS READ
The circus is coming to town!
The internationally acclaimed
Moscow Circus will be raising its
big top for eight perfromances
beginning Thursday Oct. 13 at the
Pacific Coliseum. Featured from
an array of world-renowned circus
acts will be Russia's greatest
clown, Popov, as well as Cossack
horsemen, trapeze artists, a Soviet
superman, and Moscow's legendary dancing bears. Thursday's
performance begins at 8 p.m. with
tickets available at all Eaton's
stores,  the  Vancouver  Ticket
Centre, and at Harvey's Smoke
Shops.
On Sunday Oct. 9 and Monday
Oct. 10, the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre will present
another concert from its
Masterpiece Music series. Music
by Barber, Brahms, Ibert, and
Beethoven will be performed by
The Winds of Vancouver which
features such locally known artists
as Roger Cole on oboe, Ronald de
Kant on clarinet, and Linda Lee
Thomas on piano. The concerts
begin at 8:30 p.m. both evenings.
The' first lady of political song,"
Gisela May, makes her Vancouver
singing duet tonight at the Simon
Fraser University Centre for the
Arts with a collection of songs by
Bertolt Brecht. The performance
begins at 8 p.m. and tickets are
available at the SFU Box office and
at the Vancouver Ticket Centre.
Also at the SFU Centre for the
Arts wifl be the Cliff Keuter Dance
Company. This New York modern
dance company will be making its
Vancouver debut this Thursday
Oct. 13at8p.m. Tickets are on sale
at the SFU box office.
The Pacific Cinematheque is
proud   to  announce   the   North
vista
American premiere of eight
reature lengin films from the
People's Republic of China to be
shown at the Bay Theatre. Made in
China these films provide the
western audience with a unique
opportunity to gain insight into
modern China. This week's
programme is Sparkling Red Star
on Oct. 7,' Reconnaissance Across
the Yangtze on Oct. 8, Wheels A-
RollingonOct. 9, An Unforgettable
Battle on Oct. 10, Mountains Astir
on Oct. 11, Red Blossom of the
Tienshan Mountains on Oct. 12, and
The Pioneers on Oct. 13. All
showings are at 7 and 9:30 p.m.
Politics infuse East German schools and culture
From pf 5
Then of course there is that
inequalled monument to insanity;
he wall. Ten feet high and sur-
Drisingly white in color, it is
somehow less imposing than an-
icipated.
From the eastern side it is
completely unapproachable. A
ifty yards wide no man's land
separates the wall from the edge of
he road.
After careful consideration I've
come to the conculsion that the
Durposeof the wall is actually two-
told. First and most obvious, it
ceeps the people in. Secondly, it
srovides a staggering 14,080 jobs
;or guards who spend their time
creatively looking through
binoculars while there is a drastic
manpower shortage throughout the
country.
The East Germans admit that
heirs is a country of con-
xadictions. The wall, although the
nost famous, is only one of them.
'Different' is the most neutral
word I can think of to describe the
East German interpretation of
listory.
The Museum of German History
ii Berlin claims that the Communists were the only true
enemies of Nazism. The ultimate
defeat of the Third Reich is
credited to 'the Soviet Union and
Ihe other Allied powers.'
Newspaper reports about
western life portray it as a seething
cauldron of absolute chaos.
Unemployment, strife, crime, and
racial and class prejudice make
our lives unbearably miserable.
The strong pro-Soviet tone of the
aillboards is reflected on the
streets by the number of Russian
soldiers in evidence and in the
classroom by the amount of
Russian content in the textbooks.
Aside from learning Russian
from grade four onwards,
schoolchildren and students are
exposed to a great deal of Russian
material in their own language. A
?rade three reader consists of
about 20% Russian stories.
Canada too comes in for its share
>f criticism. Some extremely dated
Dhotographs are offered as
evidence of a country with a
highly developed capitalist
system which has nevertheless
ailed to provide for and look after
ts native population.'
Otherwise Canada is lumped
ogether with the rest of the
vestern world as a mere extension
>f the United States with our own
xippet government, the strings of
vhich are strictly controlled by
Washington's mighty hands.
Despite official efforts to
liscourage it, western culture has
jenetrated some of the barriers
jut only on a superficial level. A
ew teen-agers have long hair in
heir desperate attempt to look
vestem. We also saw one boy with
i University of Alabama sweatshirt on and a man whose belt
xickle featured a plastic picture of
3en, Hoss, and Little Joe Cart-
vright.
Music stores' complete tribute to
vestern music amounted to one
larry Belafonte album. In'
tostock, the release of a kind of
jarty record including songs by
3ade, Bee Gees, and the Rubettes
imong others caused line-ups for
two days outside the shop. No one
seemed to have any second
thoughts about the $6.50 price tag.
Western films were also scarce;
a few John Paul Belmondo thrillers
were on as was Some Like It Hot
and Those Crazy Young Men in
their Flying Machines.
There were no books by West
German authors available, but
Truman    Capote    and    James
Baldwin had several of their works
on sale.
Books were quite cheap
everywhere. The average price for
a new paperback was seventy-five
cents. But despite the Helsinki
agreement of 2 years ago there
were no western newspapers or
magazines on sale at all.
Trying to draw conclusions is the
most difficult task of all. Like any
other country East Germany is a
land of conflicting evidence, a land
of contradiction, even a land of
paradox. The propoganda is
hostile, yet the people friendly. The
people seem satisfied, yet one
wonders if it is more resignation
than satisfaction.
After thirty years it seems
unlikely that they would opt for
capitalism   if   the   opportunity
suddenly presented itself.
One thing is certain, they are not
waiting to be liberated by the
forces of freedom or whatever we
choose to regard ourselves as.
Their way seems set. If the reality
ever reaches the level of aspiration
and idealism^, then it will be a
tremendous acheivement, worthy
of the envy and respect of the rest
of the world.
Beefeater Dry Gin retains its fine taste even in mixes
Distilled and bottled in London, England.
October Special
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733-3822
2665 W, BROADWAY
V^
'HIGH-FIDELITY -LOW PRICES
Friday, October 7, 1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 9 olijNaco
this complete system only
49995
limited quantities!
«**~w** .ii,H»rit«
4yi*yV>*,
marantz 2215B
the best selling AM/FM stereo receiver
delivers 15 watts of pure undistorted
power per channel. You get Marantz
prestige and reliability plusgreat sound.
Dual 1225
The famous Dual turntable is fully
automatic and comes complete with
walnut base, dust cover and a SHU RE
magnetic cartridge. Dual precision performance g i ves more I if e to your records.
dynaco A-25XL
speakers are an efficient version of the
popular A-25. Deep bass and crystal
highs give a sense of realism usually
costing much more. Real walnut enclosures for that special appeal.
m •
: R B      » 8 8 -
^      ^
•   •       •   •
6300 DIRECT DRIVE TURNTABLE
Direct Drive DC servo motor with optically actuated auto
lift and shut off. Viscous damped cueing. Outside illuminated stroboscope with pitch
control. This super table has
so much for its very reasonable price.
\J    LUaify.    WW13IUC   IIIUMII-
199"
1150 INTEGRATED AMPLIFIER
• 75 WATTS MINIMUM RMS PER CHANNEL INTO 8
OHMS, FROM 20 Hz to 20 kHz, WITH NO MORE
THAN 0.1% TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION
• Direct Coupled, Full Complementary Amplifier
• High Overload, Low Noise Phono Preamp with two
phono inputs
• Separate left and Right Bass, Mid and Treble Controls
with Variable Tone Turnover Points
• Tape Monitoring Facilities
for two tape decks
• Two-position High Filter
• 30 Hz Low Filter
• Front Panel Microphone
and Tape Dubbing Jacks
399*5
1040 INTEGRATED AMPLIFIER
20 WATTS MINIMUM RMS PER CHANNEL INTO 8
OHMS, FROM 20 Hz to 20 kHz, WITH NO MORE
THAN 0.3% TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION
Direct Coupled, Full Complementary Amplifier
Low Noise, High Dynamic Range Phono Preamp
Inputs and Outputs for two
tape decks
Main and Remote Speaker
Switching  with  Ambience
Output
IH"
Page Friday, 10
THE
UBYSSEY
Friday, October 7, 1977

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