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The Ubyssey Oct 19, 1984

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Array ' 'iS**!!:
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The drop in quality ... p. 3
Your board of governors... p. 5
Women academics ■.. p. 7
Engineering cute... p. 10
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Vol. UCVil, No. 12
Vancouver, B.C. Friday. October 1S, 18ft* Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19,1984
Media manipulates reality
By SCOTT LAWRENCE
If it were not for familiarity with
the manipulation of reality
prepetuated by the mass media, the
latest ideological machinations involving the "peace talks" in El
Salvador    would    make    me
erspecriws
nauseated. Likened to another such
political ploy, the Sadat-Begin
talks, the billing of the move by
president Jose Duarte as prime
mover, negotiator, and peacemaker
neglects to point out that the FDR-
FMLN, El Salvador's united
political and armed opposition, has
been been asking for such talks
since October, 1982.
Since that time, the church, trade
union federations and even a small
minority within the army have been
pressing the government to enter
dialogue with the FDR-FMLN.
The timing of the affair could be
seen as a calculated attempt by the
U:S. and El Salvador, both to
whom are resisting the Contadora
proposal for peace in the region as
currently written. It effectively
draws attention away from the
growing Latin American concensus
on that agreement.
If Duarte is presented as the folk
hero of the moment, (no doubt
Nobel Peace Prize proposals
whispering in the wings), then any
failure of the talks, any renewed
guerilla offensive will be attributed
to opposition intransigence and
regrettably leave the way open for
continued American involvement,
both indirect and direct.
In this way the U.S. will be able
to maintain it's "moral" position,
always an implicit element in its im
perial   policies   from   the  Monroe
through Carter doctrines.
The media should pay more
closer attention to the issues
underlying the conflict in Central
America and stop giving voice to
the ideology of American imperialism.
Scott Lawrence is a graduate student closely following Central
American developments, ■
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THE    UBYSSEY
Page 3
B.C. post secondary ecluc^
may never be the sa    ^
By PATTI FLATHER
ast   Spring   UBC   professor
Paul Marantz made an an-
but that's no longer the case," Marantz says. He feels all B.C. universities and colleges are weathering
the same dramatic decline in quality.
The provincial government cut
UBC's operating grant five per cent
for 1984-85 and gave UBC a zero
per cent increase the year before,
for a net cut of 15 per cent over two
years, including inflation. Other
B.C. universities and colleges experienced similar reductions.
UBC coped with the resulting
deficit by raising tuition fees 33 per
cent, cutting 77 faculty and 113
staff positions, and freezing faculty
wages for the past two years. The
budgets for virtually all departments were cut, and both education
and commerce cut entire programs.
Marantz says due to the cuts
many higher level seminar courses
have been converted into mass lectures, because student enrolment
has risen at the same time. All four
of the international relations program's seminar courses have been
eliminated, he says.
Marantz, a Harvard Ph.D., compares today's Soviet Foreign Policy
409 with five years ago.
UNDERGRADUATES.
— Charlie fidelman photos
face a lower quality degree due to funding cuts
nouncement to the 30 students in
his Soviet Foreign Policy seminar.
He did not raise his voice, nor did it
crack to reveal his bitter disappointment.
Marantz quietly told the class
what he had just learned, that the
already large fourth year seminar
would become a mass lecture with
more than 100 students.
This fall Marantz is still calm
as he talks in his political science office about how much the quality of
education has declined due to funding cuts.
"I feel angry because I recognize
just how much the gap is between
the education we're presently providing and what we were providing
a few years ago."
Marantz laughs in his characteristic slow, mild mannered way. "I
don't get angry very much," he says.
He shakes his head. "It's the
good student, whose education is
really being shortchanged. That's
what really makes me angry.
"Four or five years ago I would
have felt a UBC education was second to none and wouldn't have
hesitated to send my children here,
The class used to have 20 to 25
students and demanded two long
papers, several short papers, and
three exams, he says.
"There would also be debates,
simulations and active class discussions," he explains. Even last year
with 30 students and reduced seminar time the course was known as
both demanding and interesting.
"Now the course has over 130
students. It's a mass lecture."
The course will now require only
one optional paper and two exams.
Marantz says he must mark all assignments himself because political
science has cut down drastically on
teaching assistants.
Marantz laments the small
amount of writing his students will
now do and predicts they will be less
prepared as critical thinkers in the
outside world.
Certain essay topics cannot be assigned, he continues, because the libraries lack the resources for so
many students on some subjects.
And many exams cannot use essay
questions due to the time and energy needed to mark them, Marantz
says.
Marantz notes fear that top faculty are leaving but argues "much
more dramatic is the deterioration
that has already taken place in
terms of the decline in quality."
The political science department
CLASSES. . .growing larger every year
has struck a committee to investigate enrolment limitations, stricter
prerequisites and more lecture
courses but Marantz says these are
only bandaid measures.
"We really can't restore high
quality education. The damage has
been done."
Provincial government cutbacks
are primarily causing the attack on
quality — it is almost impossible for
UBC to deflect the cuts when student enrolment is increasing, he
says.
"I think it is very shortsighted
and it goes against the
government's own stated objectives
of getting high tech firms to settle in
B.C."
Marantz brightens up a bit as he
remembers a Province editorial he
read earlier that morning, entitled
"Restraint hurting quality education" (Oct. 16). The editorial said
that unless business and the general
B.C. community speak out, "this
government in B.C. will make education a laughing stock and turn the
province into an economic
Albania."
"A couple of years ago it was
total gloom and doom. Now the
fact the newspapers are giving some
support is encouraging," Marantz
says.
But UBC administration president George Pedersen says quality
has not yet been abandoned.
"We won't give in on quality. If
you give away quality you are losing
the overall ball game," he says.
Pedersen says the UBC board of
governors will deal with another cut
in funding when it comes and no
sooner. The government does not
release budget figures until spring,
and Pedersen refuses to say whether programs will be cut and tenured faculty laid off.
Earlier this year Pedersen said
that during an universities ministry
presentation to the provincial treasury, the trend was towards a "negative  five per cent increase."
Don Holubitsky, student board
representative, said earlier another
five per cent cut could mean a $12
million loss for the university.
"That's the entire budget of the faculty of education, the combined
budgets of the faculty of agriculture, law and commerce, and three-
quarters of the budget of the faculty
of medicine," he said.
Pedersen's claims that quality is
still retained are little consolation to
Erwin Sui, who will graduate in arts
this year. Sui says his education at
UBC could have been "infinitely
better." He is in one political
science course, U.S. Politics 407,
which like Marantz's course has 130
students.
"I feel I've been ripped off. I
think we've been scandalized. The
entire university — I look at some
of the science classes with 250 people."
Sui says the quality of his
political course has been compromised.
"Most fourth year courses emphasize seminar style. Now it's difficult to engage in discussion. If you
want detailed discussion you don't
have time to do it."
Sui says while quality is obviously
declining, more limits on enrolment
are not the answer.
Economic head John Cragg mentions similar overcrowding problems in psychology, computer
science and his department.
He says upper year courses are
worst, with many classes of 100 and
more lacking teaching assistants or
smaller discussion groups. Professors are giving markedly fewer assignments, he says.
Cragg agrees with Marantz that
the quality of education is much
worse than five years ago, and adds
hiring professors is getting harder
too. They face higher workloads,
low morale, and no wage increase
for the second year in a row.
"This is where the quality of education is also going to be hit,"
Cragg says.
On the other side of campus, science education is also suffering,
says chemistry head Larry Weiler.
Two hundred students this fall
were refused admission to prerequisite chemistry courses because there
was no money for more labs. Many
students did not even try getting in
because they knew there was no
See page 6: LABS Page 4
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19,1984
Peace activists will meet
OTTAWA (CUP) — East will
meet West in Canada's capital
Saturday, when two carloads of
weary peace activists travelling
from opposite ends of the country
roll onto Parliament Hill with peace
petitions in hand.
The meeting will mark the first
time Canada's peace movement has
launched a national campaign,
complete with petitions that have
been circulating around the country
for eight months.
The Peace Petition Caravan
Campaign, which kicked off March
15, will culminate in a rally on
Parliament Hill Saturday. Peace activists in Ottawa will form two lines
along the entrance to the House of
Commons to welcome the two
caravans which left Vancouver,
B.C., and St. John's, Newfoundland, Sept. 29.
As the eternal flame burns in the
distance, bundles of petitions will
be hauled up to the House of Commons steps. Speakers will call out
the name of the riding each bundle
represents and later on, will read
each name on the hundreds of petitions.
"We want to let the government
know that a quarter of a million are
opposed to the cruise missile and
want Canada's position on the
nuclear arms race changed," said
Beverlee Bell-Armstron, one of two
campaign coordinators.
"We want to let them know the
peace movement is not going to go
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away, it's here to stay. Disarmament is an issue that is not going to
die," Bell-Armstrong said.
Peace activists plan to hold a
"vigil of sorts" on Parliament Hill
for two days. Bell-Armstrong
estimates it will take that long for
all the names to be read aloud.
Organizers plan to meet with the
leaders of the three federal parties,
Brian Mulroney, John Turner and
Ed Broadbent, Oct. 22, and will
ask them to make disarmament a
high priority on the parliamentary
agenda.
When Parliament opens Nov. 5,
the activists will drag the bundles of
petitions into the House. The petitions demand a halt to the testing of
the cruise missile in Canada, that
Canada be declared a nuclear free
zone and that funding of the arms
race be diverted to socially useful
purposes.
Local activists will photocopy the
petitions and present them to as
many of the 282 MPs as possible.
Bell-Armstrong said petition canvassers have passed through almost
all 282 federal ridings.
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Blood samples will be taken on two occasions.
CONTACT
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STUDENT HEALTH SERVICE
228-7011 Friday, October 19,1984
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 5
odjuodtifox la&ux-
UBC's
boa rd
'scared,'
turning
to
corporations
PEDERSEN. . .wants change
by
Robert
Beynon
MACLEAN. . .says UBC steady
UBC'S  BOARD OF  GOVER-
nors meets the first thursday each
month in a spacious ivory-colored
room on the old administration
building's second floor to determine UBC's financial policy.
Once a government appointment
to the board was a social position —
if you made it to the corporate ladder's top you were eligible—but
these days the whispers and inside
jokes that typify meetings of the
predominantly male board belie a
growing seriousness.
UBC's funding has been cut to
the point where the university is
fundamentally damaged — UBC's
board, where the majority is Social
Credit appointed, is worried and
turning increasingly to the public,
particularly the corporate sector.
"They're scared," says student
board member Dave Frank, who
wears T-shirts to three-piece board
meetings. "The board is really worried about the future," he says.
The board is facing numerous
hard decisions next year, whatever
operating grant they receive from
the Social Credit government,
Frank says. Can they raise tuition
again and still keep students? How
can they give staff a pay increase
next year and if funding is seriously
reduced what can they cut . . . and
how will they decide?
Frank says due to these pressures
the board is working harder than it
has in the past, and members are
talking one on one with corporate
and establishment leaders.
And UBC's administration under
new president George Pedersen is
working better with the board than
former administrations.
"The board is accepting a lot
more advice now," Franks says.
"It's no longer a ceremonial appointment."
WHETHER  THE   BOARD   IS
working harder or not, it is still controlled by the "establishment," the
corporate bosses in B.C.
UBC's board is composed of
UBC's president, two faculty, two
students, one staff, eight government appointees, and UBC's chancellor, whom alumni elect. The
government appointees and UBC's
chancellor are all classic "establishment."
Journalist Peter Newman in his
1975 best-seller The Canadian Establishment describes UBC's last
chancellor J.V. Clyne as "One of
the few totem establishment figures
B.C. has procued in recent times."
Newman savs Gerald Hobbs.
former Cominco chair, director of
numerous corporations, director
and board member, is part of the
Vancouver Establishment. Newman
added in his book that present
board members Robert Wyman and
Robert Lee were just about to enter
the establishment.
A September 1984 Vancouver
magazine article says these two and
Peter Brown have "arrived" at the
top of the corporate ladder.
Robert Lee is Prospero Group
president and Brown heads Canar-
im Investment Corporation and is
Expo '86 finance vice-chair.
And Frank says these corporate
bosses are worried about UBC's future.
BUT BOARD CHAIR DAVID
McLean, a partner in the Vancouver law firm McLean, Hungerford
and Simon, says the board is not
worried at all and is in fact very
understanding of Socred funding
cuts to education.
"We had two meetings with the
premier, Mr. Bennett, last year and
he was sympathetic," MacLean
says. "It's tough for him, the forestry and the mining industry are
depressed and the premier is receiving no corporate taxes."
McLean says the board has
enough information and enough
time to make all the important decisions facing it. "I think we're go
ing slowly and very carefully."
The board will have to proceed
carefully if they receive a five per
cent cut next year, as many expect.
This fall, student board member
Don Holubitsky said a five per cent
cut is very likely.
UBC received a five per cent cut
for the 1983-84 fiscal year and no
increase for the 1982-83 fiscal year,
which, including inflation, adds up
to a 20 per cent cut in financing.
This led the board to raise tuition 33
per cent despite student protests.
And a senate budget committee
report released this May recommends programs be axed to save
UBC's quality if UBC receives another cut this year.
McLean says the board will have
to wait and see the operating grant
they receive from the provincial
government this year before they
decide if anything should be cut.
BUT LONG TIME BOARD
member Gerald Hobbs disagrees
with McLean. He says the board is
worried.
"The university cannot get
enough support," Hobbs says, "because the universities have been on
welfare for so long they believed the
public purse was capable of limitless
support."
Hobbs says those who rely on the
government become servants of the
government. He adds he thinks this
is a real threat to academic freedom.
"Academic freedom depends on
adequate funding to support
study," Hobbs says. "I don't think
there is any more profound threat
to academic freedom than cuts
caused by reduced funding."
Hobbs says these cuts could have
been avoided if the university
sought funding and support from
the general community before the
recession struck. He says, though,
that UBC's president is rectifying
the situation by attempting to make
contact with the public and the corporate sector.
There is quite a bit of knowledge
in ihe corporate sector that the
university can use to alleviate its
problems, Hobbs says.
UBC PRESIDENT GEORGE
Pedersen says the university wants
to improve its relationship with the
entire community. But David MacMillan, vice president development
and community relations, says the
real money is in the corporate sector.
Pedersen says the university has
to emphasize its resources more effectively in the future. He says,
"We have tended not to sell ourselves well in the past and haven't
made ourselves well enough known
and used."
But he says the trend is changing.
"1 put a lot of effort into making
sure the two new Paprican (pulp
and paper research) facilities came
here," Pedersen says.
Pedersen also recently became a
director of MacMillan Bloedel, the
B.C.-based multinational forestry
firm. He claims this does not indicate he is also joining the corporate ranks.
He says forestry is an integral
part of B.C.'s economy and UBC's
president should be in touch with
the industry. UBC should have one
of the best forestry schools in Canada and internationally, he adds.
Pedersen says he thinks UBC
should increase contacts with the
entire community, including labor.
BUT B.C. POLITICAL
writer .and activist Stan Persky
says there has been no major change
in the board's attitudes in the last 50
years. He says the board works for
itself — the corporate establishment .
Persky adds the board might be
worried cutbacks are hurting the future of the B.C. economy. He says
the recent public outburst against
cutbacks by Jim Matkin, president
of the Employers' Council of B.C.,
is an example of these self-interested fears.
"During the late '60s and "70s the
board was opened up to students
and faculty, but the power is still in
the hands of the capitalists," Persky says.
He adds the board cannot be overly upset about cutbacks because
they have never issued statements
critiquing them.
Margaret Copping, Alma Mater
Society president and a former
board member, says the real decisions are made in private one on
one discussions.
She says she thinks the board is
concerned.
HOWEVER,    THE    BOARD
seemed calm in their last open session Oct. 4. Behind their U-shaped
wood table and hand-lettered name-
plates in their stately room with
filmy curtains, the board joked and
guffawed with their usual zest.
And they spent much time discussing a black tie dinner to be held
this fall in honor of former chancellor J.V. Clyne. Alumni Association president Kyle Mitchell says a
previous dinner of the type made
close to $500,000 for a Simon Fraser University program.
Mitchell says the dinner will cost
$250 a plate and donors will be asked for' contributions of $2,500,
$5,000 or $10,000 to set up a speaker's service honoring Clyne. "It will
be a very sophisticated black-tie
evening," Kyle promises.
Board chair McLean says the dinner is a great idea. It will create a
world class speaker's service and increase UBC's public visibility.
But which members of the public
can pay $250 a plate for a dinner or
donate $2,500, let alone $10,000 for
a speaker's service? Where are their
priorities? Page 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19, 1984
Labs unsafe and overcrowded
From page 3
room, WeiTer says.
And the labs that do remain are
less safe, overcrowded and stuck
with obsolete equipment, he adds.
"It's harder for TAs to ensure
students are provided with a safe
environment." The labs were designed to fit 36 students but now
hold 50. Weiler says more than 50
students "would be just suicidal."
More than 400 students also receive less TA attention in labs because they are in groups larger than
14 per TA — 14 is the maximum,
Weiler says.
Regarding supplies, Weiler says
chemistry has not bought a major
piece of lab equipment in six years.
Much of the equipment is obsolete
and breaking down, he says.
"That's certainly going to hurt
the education of our students,"
Weiler says.
Darlene Egely, science 3, took a
few minutes from her lunch in SUB
lounge to discuss problems in her
classes.
"With such large classes getting a
seat where you can see and hear is
next to impossible. Even with my
glasses I can't see a lot of what's going on."
Egely says her Microbiology 330
class was so big there were not
enough lab sections. Some students
were told to take a botany lab
course instead, she says.
Mike Mander, science 2, says his
courses are better this year but that
several of his first year courses were
seriously compromised by budget
cuts.
Mander says he had only half the
Physics 115 labs he was supposed to
have. "Budget cuts. They couldn't
afford it," he explains.
And in Math 100, one of a pair of
difficult first year calculus courses,
Mander says students could not get
their homework marked as is usually done — because there was no
money for markers.
His chemistry class missed two
labs due to funding shortages. And
Mander says students had to be
careful not to use too many chemicals.
"They (TAs) said don't waste it
because   we   can't   give  you   any
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more.
UBC's libraries, the backbone of
the university, also face funding
cuts, making knowledge literally
less accessible to students. Weekly
library schedules this year were reduced 112 hours — only Sedgewick
library retained early morning and
late night weekend hours.
But the cut in hours saves only
7.5 per cent of the $400,000 the library budget was cut this year.
University librarian Douglas Mclnnes says many students are concerned about the reduction in weekend hours, especially in the Law
library, the Woodward medical library and Main library.
"They  use  the  library a great
deal. It's like their labs."
Mclnnes adds library acquisitions
are falling behind. And much behind-the-scenes work such as cataloguing is just not being done.
Mclnnes says another library cut
would be very serious, considering
UBC libraries are being used more
every year. He adds many college
students are using UBC libraries because their own have been cut so
much.
If more money is cut, "we'd be
looking at cancelling journal subscriptions," Mclnnes says.
Linda Wilkes, arts 3, says the library hour cuts are the worst part
of cutbacks. She finds the five
hours per day libraries are open on
weekends are not enough for people
like her who are willing to start studying early. Most libraries now do
not open until noon weekends and
they close at 5 p.m.
"No sooner do you get here, you
feel like you're packing up to
leave," says Wilkes, who with four
English courses has a lot of reading.
Wilkes says with November midterms and papers coming due, many
more students will be hurt by the reduced hours.
The UBC Students for a Democratic University are circulating a
questionnaire asking students what
their major concerns on quality of
education are. The results will be
compiled next week.
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YtSUU Friday, October 19,1984
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 7
ggaxgftxxxx,xxx^ t ±*^miMi*
Academic women have small profiles
<<T>,
I'm really
convinced that
the  status   of  women
on   faculty   has    a direct
bearing   on women students
in   general.   How   can   it not?"
By SARAH MILLIN
n August, an ad-hoc committee on the status of women at UBC released a report. The committee set up
in 1982 was composed of three women and three men from various faculties.
The committee looked
at a variety of gender
related issues. The report gives the percentage of women on each
faculty, average salary
compared to male earnings, rate of promotion, and examines
tenure.
"There is no evidence
of discrimination,"
says committee chair
Maureen Murphy of
the report. "In some
areas it is possible to
have more women."
The data, provided by
the administration
shows some faculties have a very
low percentage of women on faculty. For example, forestry in 1982
had no women faculty. Agricultural
sciences also had few women professors, with one woman compared
to 58 men.
Report reminds
people of
women's issues
"I was surprised when we first
started to look at the data that the
percentage of women was so
small," Murphy says. "I feel hopeful that it will continue to change."
"That is not to say or make a critical comment on the competence or
the teaching of the male faculty,"
she says.
"There are still not many women
on faculty," says Lynne Smith,
member of the committee and associate professor of law. Out of 1,994
faculty, 388 are women. But she
says the data must be examined objectively.
"The difference in salaries seem
to have almost disappeared since
1972," she says. The report shows
that on average, women make
$2,000 or 4.2 per cent less than their
male counterparts. That figure
takes into account several factors
including qualfications, age,
discipline and rank. In 1972, the
difference was 9.5 per cent.
The report recommends a university task force delve further into
women's status at UBC. Smith says
the committee did not have all pertinent data available, such as how
many people applied for faculty
jobs and how many people were refused tenure. But a task force could
ask departments to keep such records, the report says.
"The figures didn't surprise
me," says George Bluman, associate professor of math and the member of the committee who analyzed
the data. "We had the figures from
earlier years." He adds, "I'd like to
see a greater balance."
"The report didn't say the
university hired so many women,
but there was an increase in the net
percentage," Bluman says. The increase in women faculty was 29 per
cent in 10 years.
he representation of
women in the administration is also low,
Smith continues. "In
our view, it would be
desirable to see more
women in that part of
the university. Care
should be taken to not
overlook qualified women," Smith says.
Women tend to remain
concentrated in the
lower ranks of faculty.
Women are not tenured as much as men
— 49.2 per cent of
women faculty have
tenure compared to
81.5 per cent of men.
Seventy-six per cent of
instructors are women,
but only 4 per cent of women are
full professors. In 1972, only three
percent of full professors were women.
Because women tend to be in the
lower ranks, they could be more
seriously affected if there are layoffs. "If layoff decisions are made
based simply on rank and tenure, a
disproportionate amount of
women, because they are in lower
ranks, would be affected," Smith
says.' 'There would be a drop in the
number of women on campus."
And promotion of female faculty
is slower. The report says women
must wait a year longer on average
for promotion than their male
counterparts.
The committee made several
recommendations in its report —
the most important one calls on the
administration to set up an ongoing
task force to review the status of
women.
Committee chair Murphy hopes
UBC president George Pedersen
follows the recommendations. At
the University of Alberta there is a
committee on women that sets new
priorities annually on key issues,
Murphy says.
The committee also recommended the task force look into the
women studies program. "We felt
that it might be of concern to women working in things concerning
women's issues," Smith says.
But women's office director Lythgoe disagrees.
"Ii don't see why a task force on
the status of women should be assigned to review an area of academic discipline," Lythgoe says. "I
would say that it has become
academically respectable to think
systematically about gender and
women. So why should a task force
on a working contractual system on
women also review an academic
program?" she asks.
Smith defends the report's
recommendations.
"It's important that the task
force look into women's studies because the academic work might not
be treated as seriously as traditional
work. Especially as a lot of work is
published in new journals unknown
say to a promotion or tenure committee," Smith says.
"We didn't look into those concerns raised about the program that
we heard because we didn't feel that
we were qualified to deal with
them," says committee chair Murphy.
"We weren't an investigative
body," Murphy says.
The   committee   also   recommended the president establish a
committee on sexual harassment to
protect women faculty and students
from sexual coercion.
"Our concern was to look at if
there were procedures in place / ->
deal with sexual harassment," Mu
phy says.
The committee did not look at
part time faculty. "It seemed too
large and complex for us to look at
it as well," Murphy explains.
"There is now a committee looking
at part time faculty."
Sexist language in faculty documents was not a major problem.
The report states that in general the
documents are free from gender
bias, but there are a few where
"vestiges of an earlier style
appear."
"The committee felt that the importance of language is an issue that
people should be sensitized to,"
Murphy says.
The data on women at UBC was
provided by UBC's administration.
Murphy says some data was unavailable. "Some of it the administration said wasn't appropriate.
Given our questions, we have a tremendous amount of data," Murphy says.
"I feel it's a strong report," Murphy says, "it deals with the data
clearly, we identify the issues that
need to be investigated."
And so far, most response to the
report has been good.
"It is a long, detailed, valuable
report," says faculty association
president Elmer Ogryzlo, adding
the association is anxious the administration act on the report.
"I think it's a valuable thing that
they (the committee) did," says associate classics professor Elizabeth
Bongie. "It reminds people that the
situation exists."
Lythgoe agrees. "The report is
very thorough. It identifies the issues that UBC faces in respect to
the situation of its academic women."
"Academic women have an important contribution to academic
life," Smith says. "Even though
there have been barriers in the past,
I think it desirable to break down
.the barriers that may still be left."
The administration has not acted
on the report yet. Page 8
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19, 1984
Quebec schools
running deficits
MONTREAL (CUP) —
Quebec's three English language
universities will be forced to run
deficits this year to make up for $4
million the provincial government
had promised but now will not give
them.
The Quebec government announced last week that McGill,
Concordia and Bishop's universities
will not get the $4 million they were
promised in March, even though
the money had already been included in this year's budgets.
Last March, a provincial study
showed the English schools were
underfunded, while the French
schools were receiving comparatively more money. The study said the
English schools should get more
money because of the more expensive science and engineering programs they offer.
But Quebec education minister
Yves Berube said last week ways to
get the money, either through
greater taxes or less money to
French schools, are politically unpopular.
Concordia, the province's most
poorly funded school, will run a
deficit $1 million higher than
budgeted. Graham Martin, Concordia's vice-rector finance, said:
"We can't keep running up these
deficits. At some point the bank's
going to decide 'enough is
enough.' "
John Armour, McGill's vice-
president of finance, said the
school's deficit will increase by $2
million. "There's no chance of adjusting our budget. We've already
eliminated all unnecessary items,"
Armour said.
At a press conference last week,
Berube said he was not ruling out
increasing tuition fees for Quebec
students to boost universities'
revenues.
Quebec students have been paying $570 in tuition per year since the
early 70's. Quebec's tuition fees are
the lowest in Canada.
Theatre Department
AUDITIONS
GET INTO THE ACT
AUDITIONS
for
THE IMAGINARY INVALID
By Moliere
DIRECTED BY MAVOR MOORE
(to be presented January 16-26, 1985)
To be presented with full song and dance interludes
Two casts needed — 12 Actors for the play plus
12 Singer-Dancers for the interludes
TIMES: THURSDAY, October 25
FRIDAY, October 26 5:00-9:00 pm
SATURDAY, October 27 10:00 am-4:00 pm
PLACE: Frederic Wood Theatre, Room 206
(OPEN TO AL^LLB:C^ST^T^ & STAFF)
[Arrange audition appointments in Room 207, <
Frederic Wood Theatre or Phone 228-2678
NOTE: Singers please bring music with you
AUDITIONS
GET INTO THE ACT
AUDITIONS
PER MONTH
IN YOUR SPARE
TIME
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732-7671 Friday, October 19, 1984
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 9
acUicaXfon cA^ug.
By Robert Beynon
Awards officers question committee's end
UBC's awards office is buried in
a small cluster of green rooms in the
basement floor of the modernistic
new administration building.
All the student loan-applications
at UBC pass through this office. So
do worried students, complaints
and loan appeals. The financial
award officers have enough problems dealing with student's needs
and completing the mass of paper
work shuffling through their office
every year.
The officers used to have a means
of ending problems in the system.
They met the provincial government's student service committee
yearly and made suggestions on
how the system could be improved.
But the committee ended in 1982
and there has been no interaction
between the awards officers and the
government since then.
There is no shortage of problems.
The provincial government abolished grants last February, organized a
new loan program this summer, and
changed loan criterion the summer
before. Delays in sending out and
processing applications. UBC
financial award officer Byron
Hender says he does not know why
the government ended the committee and adds the officers could
assist the government if they met.
He says they could have helped
the provincial government setting
up their new student loan program
this spring if they had been asked.
"They implemented it with little
assistance originally and found it
couldn't work and then they had to
go back to university and colie^e
financial awards offices anyway,"
says Hender, the vice president of
the Financial Awards Officers'
Association of Canada.
"We (financial awards officers)
think we're on the frontline and we
have a lot of knowledge the provincial government could put into
practice," says Hender.
He says all other Canadian provinces have committees to discuss
financial aid. But this does not
mean the B.C. Education Ministry,
which ran the committee, is picking
on student aid, claimed Hender.
"There's very little consultation
from the provincial government in
general," he says.
Although the committee's ending
was never explained to him, Hender
says it happened at the bureaucratic
level and not the political level.
Hender says provincial employees
have had to suffer staff reductions
and cutbacks and may have been
unable to continue the committee.
"But I don't think the committee
cost them any money," Hender
adds.
Henders is quick to point out that
although relations are also poor
with the federal government, financial awards officers still meet with
them.
' "Their part-time loan was a.
gigantic bust, like we said it would
be." He says the federal government still blames financial awards
officers for the program's failure
and is advertising the loans in
Homemakers magazine and
Safeway.
"What person wants to start
making payment on a loan 30 days
after their course ends?" Henders
asks. This is what was required for
the part-time loan program.
Students would be better served if
both the federal and provincial
government paid more attention to
financial awards officers, Hender
says.
Donna Morgan, Canadian
Federation of Students Pacific executive officer, wants more than
just the return of the committee. "I
think the student aid program
should be introduced in the
legislature."
She says if the program was proposed as a bill in the legislature, the
government would have to give
notice if it changed the program
and would be legally bound to
upholding the program.
"After the grant program ended
this February students at Simon
Fraser University spent a lot of time
looking into the legality of ending
the program when students were expecting grants, but the government
had broken no law," Morgan says.
She says many SFU students were
promised grants for their summer
session before the program was
ended. Then they couldn't get loans
' to replace the grants until half way
through their summer session
because the Social Credit government poorly organized the program.
She says the government did not
consult student groups when they
changed the loan program criterion
in their July, 1983 budget, when
they ended the grant program or
when they organized the new student loan program this summer.
"And we still don't know what
this scholarship program is that was
promised in this February's
budget," says Morgan.
She adds even the records of the
education ministry, which controls
the loan program, are not open to
the public. Both student groups and
Financial awards officers have to
:ompile their own records, she says,
to estimate total student aid expenditures.
In comparison, the federal
government is more than
cooperative with students. "This
spring we met with (Liberal
Secretary of State) Serge Joyal and
with representatives of his on student aid."
She says the reason for the lack
of communication between the
ministry and students are personal,
bureaucratic, and theoretical.
Education minister Jack Heinrich is
reluctant to meet with students.
Government employees think they
can do it all themsleves and Bill
Bennett's government is not strongly inclined towards democratic consultation, Morgan explains.
Education ministry spokesperson
Dick Melville says he does not know
why the student services committee
ended or why student aid should be
legislated. He says he did not even
know the committee had even ended two years ago.
In the meantime the people most
affected by student aid, students
and financial awards officers, have
no say in the process that sets
policy. This might explain why
policy has changed so drastically m
the last two years.
Teachers, students hope new hopes over federal
■ •
Nil
With a new government in Ottawa, academic
and student lobbies are hoping for a revision of
the act that has allowed provincial governments, such as B.C., to cut back on post-
secondary funding.
The lobbyists say the provinces
broke the Established Programs
Financing Act of 1977. Under the
act the federal government does two
things: pays provinces grants for
hospital and medical insurance and
provides grants for post-secondary
education to each province, to be
matched by the provinces.
The grant is unconditional.
The provincial government does
not legally have to spend the post-
secondary education grant on post-
secondary education.
"The share of post-secondary
funding from provincial sources has
been on the decline," says Sarah
Shorten, lobbyist for the Canadian
Association of University Teachers.
Although the B.C. government is
still providing post-secondary funding in addition to the government
grant, its funding commitments
have eroded over the past two
years, Shorten says.
"More than half of all post-
secondary education funding is being paid by the federal
government," Shorten said. "And
the federal government is frustrated
by the lack of accountability."
EPF was not a major issue in this
year's federal ele^ion. The new
finance ministry, i.. fact, has no
current plans or pro, jsals for the
reform   of   EPF,   says   ministry
spokesperson Alan Donelly.
"Naturally, every year EPF is
reviewed in the context of overall
fiscal arrangements of the year," he
says. "But to my knowledge no
proposals are being considered by
the ministry now. The finance
minister (Michael Wilson) has made
no statement on it yet."
By VICTOR WONG
Donelly says the act covers the
fiscal years up to 1986-87 and a new
agreement may be negotiated then.
But CAUT is hoping that the
EPF negotiations will be discussed
sooner than that. For one thing,
there is a new government, which
Shorten says may mean better relations between Ottawa and the provinces. "(Former prime minister
Pierre) Trudeau's attitude towards
the provinces has always been confrontational," Shorten says.
Shorten also believes the provinces are anxious to talk about
EPF as soon as possible because of
two unilateral amendments by the
Liberal  government.  One is the
removal if a revenue guarantee in
1981. The other amendment put
EPF under the "6 and 5" restraint
program this year. This means a
potential loss due to inflation of
$380 million by the provinces over
the two remaining years of the act.
"I expect that sometime during
the next year ey will start to
talk," says Shoi   n.
CAUT's proposal for EPF suggests converting the act into an incentive/penalty program. Under
the proposal the federal government would give bonus amounts to
provinces providing an adequate
amount of post-secondary funding,
to be set by a joint federal/provin-
cal formula. Provinces would also
be penalized through other programs if this level was not met.
The Canadian Federation of
Students supports a similar program and CFS representatives will
meet four Progressive Conservative
ministers on Parliament Hill Nov. 5
to explain their position.
The student leaders will pressure
the ministers to take concrete steps
to ensure the federal transfer
payments are used by the provinces
for education.
Youth minister Andree Champagne, employment minister Flora
MacDonald, finance minister
Michael Wilson and secretary of
state Walter McLean are already
receiving letters and phone calls
from CFS encouraging them to take
action on funding levels.
"We want a national dialogue on
education. We want to include
business, labor, students and
anyone who is interested in education in this dialogue," says CFS executive officer Diane Flaherty.
She adds two of the ministers —
MacDonald and McLean —
presented some federation concerns
to Parliament when they were in opposition. Flaherty says she hopes
they will encourage other Tory MPs
to support the federation's campaign, called "guaranteed tied
funding."
Flaherty adds she suspects the
federal and provincial governments
will renegotiate the act in early
spring, after the Tories' first budget
is tabled which makes the current
pressure important. Page 10
THE    UBYSSEY
rriday, October 19,1984
THE    UBYSSEY
 M  -- m ^ Page 11
<Therejs a s
ubtle
rnaxi
*■**'
Gearing up for grad
In 1921 when UBC consisted of a few ramshackle
huts, a noteworthy engineering student left the tiny campus for the hallowed halls of the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology where he would complete his degree and
embark on an illustrious career. That bright young student was Cecil Green — whose name lives on in a UBC
mansion. He founded Texas Instruments, the company
that made millions with machines crammed full of arithmetic functions capable of doing almost everything except slice and dice your vegetables. But well before their
crusade in calculation, he and his colleagues took silicon,
a worthless material on its own, and applied innovative
technology to introduce the first silicon transistors to the
market. See pase 12: wedepohl
--r-*****!*^!.
raw
^
^X.X
-X
;xjj^ie^ijM^
applications incl
great trek from their cars to their classroom
^^^^^A^^^^^g^^^i^^^^i^^
building, his head buzzing with figures ai
X£'^r£'.;;f«il^ '■X".:~
manipulators. ''A robot does tasks without a
human being involved. It^^i^UM^mber
of tasks that are^^tPH^rammiMX^
says. Lawrence is researching :ways|td apply ''
robot-like functions to the manipulators.   ;       X¥
;:'2|Lawrence JS;dete1bpii^'atf^
rih^flperat<>r^iL:&^
...... .. „..._.....,...,..,,.... .t .., .................. r.... _..,,.,...-......■.... „.._.._$. "I see no signs as
Albe aimtrf this pr^ecljjsjg£i|g^ we will be assisted in this process by
sonie senary capabilirt^to;{d^(^
"" $Jt£^i||IXXIX3X3
^^jm|^ttj;;;|n|^tir|-;' |^^%i;P|aJtm»l.".
«&s^rty6ipts,; X ■■ -'. :-X -: X^; "XX'
^ptjj^^'i^uicjkjto^poiht jqut thlat robot
Imbiqgy^lwill^nol ?m
:ause operators will still be needed. He adds
obs will be created as the machines need to be
CD
<D
• maintenance of deep-sea
• clean-up of hazardous n
He; says ;-ftp's the type of research that ?sviil
.XX.fnake Canada competitive with other countries
"^ X^n 01* fafce Xfli deyelpp -iiigii-technology...
■iXi-lii^"  -XXX:- - '■»_  ..:■'■'      _-"i   --     -*, "    «    X\-"V. X."
AAp'sm^^<i$ear0?. requires  money, jtpts  of it,
uisitive researchers like PeterXaWrence will
ie say* »-,, WedepoW aau"   -   decision w»~r action were w^-T    education, ««—
jolt in tne blue. JWfQ v ending *£      course of action      engmeenng eQ
50lt Wedepohl said *eS ding a drffc£      ^ colMnlttee tfdvt^ "^Suni*^
w the S°rTSnvSiues Council of B. oresentations from aU *ree        ogy, Stanford
P«neerSrcy^el1-     n rePort commie fc^Susetts **»« of
engineer -^ SandweVl repor the ivw* engineenng
___ Members of the        d.esTheytrayels up to 2)5oo
tiontotbegenuvic received*^1™ the same for V^icwiU probably « en«neenng pro
SSt*^C»lW,,,,W v   deans overseeing thene* ^^ Even
MC
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Q rage 12
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19, 1984
Prospects Metric for c/W/s
Wedepohl talks jobs
'From page 11
To UBC applied science dean
Martin Wedepohl, Cecil Green's
creative application of science
stands as an admirable archetype
for future engineering graduates to
follow.
Its endeavor created hundreds of
thousands of jobs in the electronics
industry, Wedepohl says.
No other result could please the
man students once affectionately
called dean Martin. He's a true
academic who can talk about job
creation as much as that other guy,
comedian Dean Martin can drink.
While commenting on the role of
engineering in job creation,
Wedepohl only pauses briefly for a
smoke. With his pack of Rothmans
securely in reach, he launches into
an articulate and convincing
defence of engineering as a solution
to'B.C.'s unemployment woes.
No prodding is need for him to
expound the virtues of future Cecil
Greens who emerge yearly from the
infamous students known by their
pranks and their chant, "We are,
we are, we are the engineers."
Wedepohl is a self-proclaimed
capitalist. A guarded one that is.
He's tired of hearing people connote the term.'creation of wealth'
with evil intentions. "We've got to
educate people in this province who
can create wealth," he says. "If we
can't create a society in which
wealth is created, then all of us will
go to hell."
And he's also tired of hearing the
forecasts anticipating a bleak job
market for prospective engineering
graduates — those potential creators of wealth as he sees it.
"Engineering' creates jobs," he
says. "We (educators) should make
it our business to create a resolution to the unemployment
problem," he adds. In short, Wedepohl wants his students "to confound the forecasters."
But many of these students — unleashed for the first time in the
highly competitive job market —
are themselves confounded by their
diminishing opportunities for employment as engineers. They're
joining the growing ranks of unemployed engineers looking for work
in a province where restraint is the
catch word.
According to Art Weesen, Association of Professional Engineers
of B.C. manager of professional affairs, 17 per cent of B.C.'s accredited engineers are unemployed or
working part time. "Typically there
should be four or five per cent
unemployed," he says, adding
about half the unemployed are civil
engineers.
Among the unemployed are many
experienced engineers, the victims
of widespread layoffs from major
engineering firms. B.C. Hydro, a
traditional employer of UBC engineering graduates, is joining the retrenchment racket. The crown corporation announced Oct. 1 350
staff in its engineering department
will be getting their pink slips. And
Weesen says the number could rise.
"My understanding is that the total
laid off at B.C. Hydro could end up
to about 500."
"With every person that gets laid
off at B.C. Hydro, there's approximately one less job available for
grads," says Lyle Sieg, a fourth
year UBC civil engineering student
and employment representative for
graduating civil students.
Sieg coordinates efforts to link
civil grads with potential employers
from local, out-of-province and
overseas firms. With the current
emphasis on high technology and
computer related electrical engineering, his job requires hard sell.
But even that approach may not be
enough to land employment for
civil graduates hoping to apply their
engineering skills.
A Kerr Wood Leidal Associates
Ltd. spokesperson says firms that
traditionally hire university graduates are cutting back with the decline of provincial megaprojects.
"There's virtually no development
going on."
Jack Merchant, Swan Wooster
Consultants Ltd; personnel manager, says the employment situation
is the worst he's seen for 30 years.
Both consulting engineering firms
were once employers of UBC civil
graduates, says Sieg. Neither plan
to recruit at UBC in the near future.
Sieg surveyed 77 of last year's 90
civil graduates and discovered only
30 found permanent work. Carol
Smith, one grad .who was not
among the lucky 30, found work
for only a week and a half after taking job hunting seminars, phoning
various companies and filing numerous applications. In total she
applied to about 60 companies. "I
cimms
Restaurant & Lounge
(home of the 1 litre frosted mug)
and probaby the
JUICIEST BURGER IN TOWN
NOW
A SALAD BAR & COURTYARD
for your enjoyment
(full menu available)
Book Your Party
682-1831
overlooking English Bay^
knew it was going to be hard, but I
didn't know it would be this hard."
Many civil grads like Smith who
are unable to find work will soon
leave for greener employment-filled
pastures, predicts Sieg. "A lot of us
who are serious about working in
engineering will be forced to go
elsewhere."
Stan Reimer, a 1984 civil grad, is
going south for his employment migration, even farther than the birds
was supposed to be a shortage of
500 engineers when I graduated.
That was the (Association of) Professional Engineers' forecast. That
was obviously an incorrect
forecast."
Reimer says in the few interviews
he was granted after graduation, he
discovered the key to gaining
employment is not necessarily acquiring good qualifications, but
forging contacts in industry. "I
found it harder because my father's
not president of Imperial Oil," he
quips.
Contacts played a large part in
the formation of Shaughnessy
Computer Systems — a fledgling
electrical engineering company
managed and staffed mainlv by re-
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— to South Africa — where two
other recent UBC engineering graduates heard their calling. "I'm getting tired of being in a place where
engineering is not in demand,"
says Reimer, who leaves in a week
for Pretoria and a job with a structural engineering firm.
Reimer says he was told in first
year he could work for the firm of
his choice after graduation. "There
cent UBC electrical graduates. The
newly established firm is an oddity,
but it's the kind of enterprise that
sends dean Wedepohl into gleeful
hyperspace.
The firm founded by UBC electrical grad Greg Kovacs proves
Wedepohl's point that talented
students are capable of creating
their own version of Texas Instruments. But Randall Golhof, one of
the five members of the electrical
engineering graduating class of '84
employed by the firm, says outside
investment fueled by tax incentives
was essential in launching the company.
Jasa Management is funding the
firm, which is involved strictly with
research and development of computer hardware and software. Golhof says the firm employs 12 people, all in their mid-twenties.
Despite its young "age, the company is surviving, along with a host
of other B.C. electrical engineering
firms plowing seeds in the small but
quietly thriving high technology industrial fields.
MacDonald Detwiller and Associates, a small firm started by two
former UBC professors, actively recruits from UBC and other Canadian universities. "We will be looking for up to two dozen grads next
year," promises the firm's manager
of technical resources, Chris Morris.
Rosanna Mitchell, human resources officer for Mobile Data International, says her firm will be recruiting this November at UBC. She
adds MDI is keeping in close contact with administrators of the new
Simon Fraser University engineering sciences program that specializes in high technology engineering
education. "We're very interested
in what the curriculum is to see
what best suits our needs."
Major electrical engineering firms
Like MacDonald Detwiller and
MDI are prime employers for future SFU grads, says Darrell Zarn,
internship coordinator and student
advisor for the SFU program. "I'm
very confident and don't hesitate to
tell the students that their job opportunities are very good indeed."
Len Bruton, University of Victoria dean of engineering, says it is
difficult to predict future job prospects for graduates of any university program, but he echoes Zarn's
optimism when describing prospects for grads from the UVic
cooperative engineering school,
another program where students
will concentrate on high tech applications.
"It's a fair bet students with expertise in computers will be among
the most employable graduates
coming out of universities. And if
our grads are having trouble getting
jobs, then God help the rest."
IN THE FRASER ARMS HOTEL
1450 S. W. MARINE DR.
'***.
CO
tftf*
.corner of Penman a;
v&l
WE JUST MIGHTVrrj&Sggk
PAY FOR YOUR
X-MAS HOLIDAY *
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DOES THIS COUPON I
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|get you in free of charge, j
JJBUT GIVE IT TO THE DOOR GIRL I
AND
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DRAW!
AND YOU COULD*
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(COMPLETELY   FILLED  OUT
lON   DEC.  8,  WE  COULD
|YOUR   NAME
Iwin $500.00
|1nOW   WOULDN'T   THAT   MAKEJ
JjYOUR X-MAS MERRY? I
'JName j
ijAddress J
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WEDNESDAYS WE
HAVE OUR GREAT
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COMPETE AGAINST VANCOUVER'S   CYNDI   LAUPERS,
ROD   STEWARTS   AND   BOY
GEORGES. WHAT BETTER WAY
TO SPEND A WEDNESDAY?
TRIVIA   GAME.   WIN     ^
™™°t  £oUD   fri A LOT
FUN! —~- Friday, October 19, 1984
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 13
Ordu*ydtuGr\ LmU^UmZ.
Education no consumer g
%\%\%
By MARGARET COPPING
Alma Mater Society president
The issue is that educational opportunity is becoming increasingly
limited to those of fortunate birth.
To those of us who deal with
education issues a lot, the problem
is referred to as that of "accessibility," and the statistic that we use is
I
the participation rate—the percentage of a given population that parti
cipate in post-secondary education.
Particpation rates are usually
calculated by regions, and in British
Columbia the most startling
statistics are those that show the
tremendous difference in participation between areas within commuting distance of a university, and
more distant areas.
The explanations occasionally
focus on sociological reasons (for
lack of a better word): expectations
of parents and peers, absence of
university activities in the community and so on. But obviously
financial circumstances affect participation, too. And increasingly so
in these hard economic times.
The greatest cost in an individuals university education is
simply the cost of living, and a student who can depend on living in
the family home can most likely
earn enough money for tuition,
books, transportation and incidentals.
But for those who live far from a
university, or for those who cannot
depend on familial support, financial obstacles loom very large.
Financial aid programs exist, but
even with a student's summer and
part time earnings, the maximum
student aid subsidy is usually insufficient for the costs of living. And
attending university.
Unless a student can rely on, oh,
an additional couple of thousand
dollars a year, completing a degree
is unlikely.
And at maximum student aid
levels, the debt accrued gives an
entering student pause: a student
entering a five year program this
week, dependent on financial aid,
will graduate with a debt of twenty
or twenty-five thousand dollars.
This isn't a diatribe against the
student aid program, though it may
seem so. Thousands of students
would not be attending university
without such a program, and mortgaging one's future is still
preferable, for many students—including myself—to having
no future at all.
What I want to point out is that a
combination of circumstances—the
economic climate, the students'
financial resources and original
location—combine to render some
less fortunate by birth than others.
Of course, there are those who
say: "Well of course the affluent
can afford things the less affluent
can't; what do you expect."
But to subscribe to that point of
view, for society to subscribe to that
point of view, is to reduce education to the status of just another
consumer good. And education is
more than that.
Education is, and should be, a
chance for the gifted, the dedicated,
and the hardworking members of
any economic or cultural
background, of any region—a
chance to make their own way, a
chance to cultivate their skills,
becoming more fully active, more
valuable members of society.
To reduce education to a consumer good is to waste the greatest
economic, cultural and scientific
resources that we have—the ears
and minds of motivated people.
We should not be competitors
for scarce educational resources
In theory anyone, regardless of
his parents, wealth, luck, or drive,
if he's good enough, works hard
enough, makes some sacrifices—
anyone can make his own future.
I would have liked to have said: if
she's good enough. . .but I can't.
All the factors that apply to make
someone "less fortunate" apply
more strongly to women, especially
young women.
If there's enough money in a
family to send one child to university, it's less likely to be the daughter
than the son. Her parents, her
peers, her prospects for employment all discourage her from takine
the risk of a twenty-five thousand
dollar debt.
Her parents are less likely to support her moving to the city to live
alone, unprotected by her family. If
she is an older student, she is more
likely than her male counterpart to
have the sole responsibility for her
young children.
She will suffer first. The dream
of education for women ha:; so
recently begun to be realized; it is so
fragile. Any student, regardless of
her background, if she works hard
enough, if she is good enough. .
.may still be unable to take her
place in a society that still
discriminates, in a thousand subtle
ways, against her.
And if education is reduced to
the status of another consumer
good, available mainly to those fortunate by birth, her brothers'
potentials will be wasted, too, by a
society that is in danger of losing
sight of a higher, better, view of
education.
University  education  is  a  step
towards freedom, for each student,
and for the province. Democracy
rests on the ability of individuals to
make   choices—so   limiting   the
choices of those "less fortunate by
birth" undermines the whole social,
political and economic structures of
our society.
The first thing that we, as
students, have to do in dealing with
accessibility issues is reject the
whole idea of education as a consumer good.
We should not be competitors for
scarce educational resources. We
should not be outraged bargain
shoppers who discover on registration day that the product we seek is
sold out.
We have to find other ways to address the problem of scarce
resources —thoughtful, cooperative ways in which we act
together—not in competition.
Because if we buy the consumer
model of education, we pay for it
with a dream of a better society.
Liberal arts expendable?
By RICK KLEIN
In these times of "restraint" the
liberal arts appear the first to go.
Recent events at Simon Fraser
University support this claim. Forced to choose between a rock and a
hard place by a government determined to prune education to the
bone, SFU's administration has
opted for the wholesale elimination
of certain programs in the
humanities. At the same time, this
process of "rationalization" involves the creation of a new faculty
of applied sciences. The university
maintains that it is acting to meet
the demands of students, and of
the 1980's.
works that produce nothing but a
watered down diet of superficiality.
In Canada the major newspapers
are under de facto monopoly control. Can we: be sure that the news
we read is anything more than the
ideological views of these corporations?
Here in British Columbia we live
in one of the most beautiful and
prosperous corners of the globe.
But more and more we are: asked to
sacrifice — our environment, our
social services and our educational
system—in the name of expediency
and economic efficiency.
c
There has indeed been an increased demand by students for job
related studies. Practicality is the
new religion. Engineering is better
than physics, computing is better
than math, and of course all are
better than the liberal arts. The arts,
it seems, are outdated, their value
purely decorative and their worth
immeasurable by the standard yardstick of the marketplace.
There is a new conservatism
afoot. Students are lining up for
courses that will supposedly
guarantee employment after
graduation.
The sad truth is, however, that
even graduates with applied
technical training are out of work.
For instance, out of last year's
graduating class in civil engineering
only 43 per cent of graduates found
work. The future that we are all
heading towards does not offer any
guarantees.
There can be no denying the fact
we are entering an age of unprecedented technical sophistication. Revolutions in the fields of
computing, robotics, and bio-
engineering promise to profoundly
alter the world as we know it. A
computerized home network offers
the promise of global resources at
one's fingertips.
But a global network can work
both ways as Big Brother has
shown. As technology becomes
more advanced and capital intensive, production and decisionmaking are centralized.
The nuclear weapons debate is a
case in point. Most Canadians see
the arms race as a form of insanity
but somehow we have lost the
power to influence the decisions
that shape our future. Everyday we
are bombarded by television  net-
I do not wish to paint a uniformly
bleak picture of our future prospects, but it is necessary to look
ahead to ask the broader question.
What kind of education will enable
us to deal effectively with the world
of tomorrow, to allow us to change
it so that it more clearly reflects our
needs and desires? Surely not strict
technical training.
Technical training without values
and reflection will produce narrow
unquestioning individuals fit to be
controlled by the power structures
around us. Technical training is the
kind of education that seems least
capable of providing people with
the ability to deal with the social
and political changes the future will
bring.
It is difficult to say with certainty
just what the arts are about. They
are involved with the world of
human experience, human desires
and sensitivities. The arts are concerned with the progress of
humankind in the intellectual,
moral, and spiritual realms as well
as the technical.
Technical and instrumental
knowledge is important, but this
does not make the arts any less important. In fact the very ascendancy
of science and technology demands
that we reinforce the paramount
nature of human values and desires
as the legitimate goals of the future.
As Carleton University professor
Tom Henighan has put it: "Some
other terrible evil will overtake us, if
we do not begin now to give renewed support to the kinds of inquiries
and values represented by the arts
disciplines. We must aspire to an
educational ideal; the ideal of an
aware and creative human being, in
touch with the physical reality,
grounded in specific local and communal commitments and
necessities, with an ability to read
(and defeat if necessary) all the half
truths and outright lies perpetrated
by those in control of the
sophisticated means of mass communications in our time."
The vision of a vital and dynamic
arts discipline conforms too little to
the reality. The arts must come
down from the ivy-covered university towers. There should be more
interdisciplinary studies, a cross-
pollination between the scientific
discipline and the humanities.
In addition, interaction with the
non-university community should
be encouraged and facilitated.
Students and faculty need to play a
more prominent role in society.
Rick Klein is a history student
who believes both science and arts
are valuable for humanity and
should be intertwined. Freestyle is a
column open to Ubyssey staff. Page 14
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19,1984
Valuable
Can one measure the value of a university education?
At university students learn to be aware of the world around
them. They learn to be creative by applying old and tested theories
to solve new problems. They are taught to question these old ideas
and to decide if they are still practical and relevant.
They are taught not to sit back and accept any and every new
idea as being correct.
The skill of analysis is developed by students in all faculties.
University encourages students to think, whether about a physics
problem set, or the causes of French Canadian dissent in Canadian
history.
It is not and was never intended to be only a job training
business. It is a place where people can develop ideals and values
to extend into their daily lives.
The present provincial government is threatening the future of
post secondary education. Education has been a low priority for
the Socreds. They believe creating fairs for people to have fun in
are more important than funding education programs for those
who cannot even think about enjoying themselves as their future
careers are being jeopardized.
Education is a right for everyone until they finish grade twelve.
Why should it be denied for those wishing to continue on because
of misplaced government values?
Education should be available for all those who desire to further
it.
Accessibility should not be limited because of sex or age. A middle aged housewife has just as much right as a young high school
graduate to participate.
People of all classes, cultures should not be prevented from wanting to improve their minds. It should not matter if they are foreign
students coming from a third world country without the facilities to
further one's education.
The obvious constraint, lack of money, should not be a worry
either as long as one is willing to mortgage education through loans
and grants which are available, even though they are increasingly
difficult to obtain.
Education is not just a business. It is a place where people can influence the way other people think and act by forming opinions and
sharing these ideas with others.
A university is a place where people can discuss problems of the
present and future that can really change the direction of the
human will take.
Its value must not be measured in terms of the marketability of a
degree, but in terms of the better role being aware individuals each
can play in society.
Letters
* *f *£fyi?* -
*# ;$'•$ V
iriwitfri
Women's rights violated in all corners of globe
This week is Prisoners of Conscience Week. Amnesty International, the worldwide human rights
organization, uses this time to focus
on the cases of individual prisoners
of conscience.
Each year we concentrate on a
specific target group in an effort to
not only seek the release of these
representative prisoners, but to
share with the public our outrage
over the injustices suffered by these
people. This year's theme is
'Women Silenced'.
Women around the world are being silenced. They are victims of intimidation, illegal arrest and detention, and torture by governmental
and paragovernmental agents. They
are victims of official campaigns to
deny human rights and to crush the
human spirit. In scores of countries, governments take illegal and
extra-legal action against women
who speak out or women who are
perceived as potential opposition.
These women  are of all ages,
from all walks of life. Most are on
the forefront of social and political
change, and many are leaders. But
others are victims of human rights
abuses simply because they are the
wives, mothers, daughters, or
friends of those deemed
"dangerous."
What   is   happening   to   them
should not happen to anyone.
Calculated inhuman treatment,
wielded with the full force of official power, shatters the lives of
women and of their children and
families.
The Vancouver groups of
Amnesty International are active in
publicizing their concerns to the
local community during Prisoners
of   Conscience   Week.   We   have
chosen two primary venues. In the
first, prominent Vancouver women
will sit in a mock cage in solidarity
with women silenced throughout
the world. They are a symbol. They
help us in highlighting our concerns.
In the second, women are singing
for women silenced. Nancy White,
Connie Kaldor, and Holly Arntzen
are performing in a benefit concert
for Amnesty. It will occur on Saturday Oct. 20 at 8:00 p.m. at the
North Vancouver Centennial
Theatre. Tickets are $7 for students
and are available through VTC and
at the door. Proceeds will aid us in
our work. Please support us.
Sandra Lauck
arts 4
Nuclear seminar features 'old warmongers'
A major international conference
entitled "Nuclear War: the Search
for Solutions" will take place at
UBC Oct. 19 and 20. This is a
fraudulent peace conference.
Military figures, who have a bloodstained history of organizing imperialist aggression, will speak
there. Among them are Robert
Falls, a retired Canadian admiral
who was a commander of the
NATO military committee, and
Rear Admiral  Eugene Carroll,  a
r
THE UBYSSEY
October 19. 1984
The Ubyssey is published Tuesday and Fridays throughout the
academic year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of British
Columbia. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and are not
necessarily those of the university administration or the AMS.
Member Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey's editorial office is
SUB 241k. Editorial department, 228-2301/2305. Advertising
228-3977/3978.
Welcome to our special issue. Our featured speaker is Patti Flather, who will explain what Dave Stod-
dart, Debbie Lo, Charlie Fidelman and Chris Wong will do in Halifax. Before that, Robert Beynon will
introduce our featured writers, Robby Robertson, Victor Wong, Steven Wisenthal and Sarah Millin.
Our artist Yaku will then display portraits of Ginny Aulin, Rory Allen, Rick Klein, Dennis Lum, Charles
Menzies, Renate Boerner, Stuart Colcleugh, Paul MacDougall and Rich Foreman. After the event Erin
Muliin will be available for questioning.
former commander of American
forces in Korea, Vietnam and
Lebanon.
Admiral Carroll is connected
with the Centre for Defense Information (CDI). Aligned with the
U.S. Democratic Party, it boasts
many former leading Pentagon
military strategists. CDI documents
show these people do not oppose
the arms race, but, rather certan
weapons systems on the grounds of
their effectiveness. They promote
"strong national defense" and call
for greater conventional military
strength in Europe. They renounce
the NATO policy of "first use of
nuclear weapons" and call for
"nuclear free zones", but go on
supporting imperialist war plans in
general.
The rich recruit such military
retirees, dusting them off and dressing them up in a new image, to masquerade as though they were for
peace while, in fact, cruise missiles
are still tested and Canadian land is
still used for foreign troop training.
Arms expenditures escalate. The
U.S. military intervention in Central America continues.
Though they claim Vancouver a
"peace capital", U.S. warships are
allowed to enter our harbour. The
U.S. Navy still tests torpedoes at
Nanoose Bay and U.S. military aircraft keep flying over B.C.
The People's Front (B.C.
Region) will protest this phony
"peace" conference at the Woodward Instructional Resource Centre, UBC at 6:00 p.m. on Friday,
Oct. 19. All peace-loving students,
faculty and staff at UBC are called
upon to join this protest. We also
call on the people of Vancouver to
attend a demonstration against all
imperialist war preparations on
Saturday, Oct. 20 at 2:00 p.m. in
front of the U.S. Consulate, 1075
W. Georgia Street, as part of the
national day of anti-fascist, anti-
imperialist actions.
Barbara Waldern
unclassified
r
Where's our Mood Wo0
During the week of the blood drive several thousand students
donated their tiiae, their effort ana their Modi; This reflects the high
leVfiM<»nceaBttliathas become a hallmark of 'the UBC; student. A;
quality that is obviously not common enough.
During the week of the Wood drive someone stole a blood drop
costume which severely limited advertising that week. This is an expensive item costing hundreds of dollars and hours of volunteer
;Worki ■
It's not funny, it's theft. Bring it back to the Red Cross Centre,
CEME 1207, APSC Deans Office ... or send it home in a cab ... I
don't really care how it gets back to the people who need it. . . just
doit.
Reid White
 _ engineering 4 Friday, October 19, 1984
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 15
m^mmm
__
»^""   „.  *• %'
rXXx' X ■"
Young people 'being thrown in trash heap'
President Howard Petch of the
University of Victoria made a
number of brilliant observations on
the plight of B.C.'s universities in a
recent interview, (reprinted in the
Vancouver Sun from Monday
Magazine; Oct. 13, 1984) which 1
will attempt to summarize in this
letter.
Trends in employment over the
past 10 years, as recorded in the
Canada census of 1982, show a
growth of 40 per cent in "blue collar" or traditional industries, while
"white collar" and other jobs requiring higher education grew by 70
and    100   per   cent   respectively.
Student
opposes CFS
inefficiency
At the moment there is a campaign being carried on by the Canadian Federation of Students on
campus promoting membership in
their organization. This campaign is
an effort to convince students of the
value of voting in favour of our
joining their organization in the upcoming referendum.
A yes vote will authorize our
Alma Mater Society to raise student
fees $7.50, all of which would be
given to the CFS.
I am against this referendum for
a variety of reasons. First of all I'm
against giving the AMS the okay to
extract another $7.50 from our
already damn-near-empty pockets
but more importantly I don't think
we should join an organization
which will be taking approximately
$200,000 of our money off campus
to finance their ineffectual efforts
at lobbying governments for increased student input in matters
concerning post secondary education.
The CFS promoters talk in grandiose platitudes of students "combining their political and economic
strength to have a loud political
voice," but fail to point out that,
even though Simon Fraser Universi-'
ty is a member of the CFS, the
organization has not had a high
profile in the fight to maintain
B.C.'s university funding. They
claim a membership of 400,000 and
from a group that large would expect a bit louder of a political voice
than we've heard so far.
It is constantly brought up by
CFS promoters that Travel CUTS is
provided by the CFS as if to say
that the students of UBC are getting
something for free at the moment.
What a joke, as if it is not a profit
making business. The office on
Granville Island is completely
removed from the college there and,
from outward appearances, is run
as a privately owned travel agency.
The fact that it is wholly owned by
the CFS should have lead them to
include its financial statement in
their budget report.
Furthermore we should take a
look at the people who run this
organization. Perhaps they should
change their organizations name to
the Canadian Permanent Students.
Have they given up on finishing
their degrees and instead decided to
channel their efforts towards
creating an organization that will
provide them with permanent
employment and finance their cross
country jaunts?
I hope the students of UBC will
refuse to bankroll these pompous
national students reps and leave the
job of representing us where it
belongs, with our AMS.
Brendan Boyle
arts 4
Young people today are faced with
an imperative need for higher
education, in a time of record
unemployment.
Instead of helping B.C.'s youth
to meet the challenge of these
economic changes, the provincial
government has abolished its grant
program. Dr. Petch remarks that
previous changes in 1973 to 1975 hit
rural students hardest, resulting in a
drop in enrolment from those who
live more than 30 miles from university. The percentage of grade 12
students from non-metropolitan
areas is down now to below seven
per cent at UVic. In economically
depressed areas, which are almost
always rural, unemployment
amoung young people (less than 25)
runs at 30 per cent to 50 per cent.
Young people are in effect being
thrown on the trash heap,
something Dr. Petch likens to
building a social time bomb.
Such policy is clearly contradic
tory to the need B.C. has for
educated personnel, because every
year we have to import workers in
fields like engineering and
medicine. Dr. Petch remarks that
while B.C. has only about 11 per
cent of the national population, il
employs 12 per cent of its engineers.
In many areas B.C. trains far less
than the full-time student
equivalent of other provinces. B.C.
youth consequently are being
denied a chance to work in required
roles in their own province.
We want your letters!
But make sure they are typed
triple-space on a 70 space line. Include your name, please, and your
year and faculty. The Ubyssey only
edits letters for grammar and brevity, but does not accept sexist or
racist letters.
Come into SUB 241k with your
letter today.
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Cuts in funding to B.C. universities by the Provincial government
have coincided with increases in the
federal government's contribution.
In the past year, as the federal
government increased its transfers
for post-secondary education by 31
million dollars, the B.C. government cut back by 18 million dollars.
In effect, it is directing federal
money to toher things. There is no
need for the NDP to feel righteous,
Petch remarks, since they pursued
similar policies in the early 1970's.
This lack of faith in the university
system has caused many faculty
members to fear measures like the
abolishment of tenure. Our best
people    are    now    listening   to
recruiters from less beleaguered institutions to hire UBC faculty. A
continuing policy of university cutbacks will ruin the quality of our institutions.
What I find ironic in all this is the
complacency of UBC faculty and
students. After all, I had to read an
article by UVic's president.
While our young people are
doomed to work at unfuifilling jobs
and the cultural tradition of universities is being attacked we, the best
disposed to speak, are silent.
Perhaps it is as Dr. Petch says: "It
must be something deeper, it must
be something in the society of B.C.
which doesn't support post-
secondary education."
Andrew B. Cooper
medicine 1
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FOR YOUR GOOD TIMES Page 16
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19, 1984
SCARE OUR PANTS OFF
You could be a published writer. Yes, all you have to do is enter The Ubyssey's
ghost story contest. If you win you will be flown to fabulous Hawaii. . .well no but
the winning story will be published in The Halloween ish of the rag and the lucky
winner will get a generous gift certificate at Fogg and Suds restaurant. The first line
must be "I couldn't find my car in B-Lot," and the story must include mention of
six laboratory rats, the main Library stacks, George Pedersen, the Armories, cinnamon buns and The Ubyssey. Entries must be shorter than 2,000 words, typed on a
70 space line and triple spaced. They must appear in SUB 241k before Friday, Oct.
26 at 4 p.m. The contest is open to the entire university community, excepting
Ubyssey staffers.
A select ghoulish Ubyssey committee will judge entries. (A second prize of $10.00 value will be awarded
and a third prize, dinner with The Ubyssey staff on
press night will be considered if the applicant finds us
appropriate.) Anyone can enjoy dinner with The
Ubyssey staff on press night if they show up in SUB
241k, become a staffer, and join us on a trip to the
printers.
eviews reviews reviews reviews review
Springsteen showed
he's still the boss
TONIGHT
Homecoming '84 Dance
AIR BAND FINALS
Student Lottery Draw at Midnight
SUB BALLROOM
NO MINORS
TICKETS: $2.00 ADVANCE
ORATTHEDOOR
CITR DISCO - LOTSA SURPRIZES
By GINNY AULIN
There won't be as many satisfied
fans leaving the Pacific Coliseum
until the next time Bruce Springsteen comes to Vancouver.
Springsteen, the Boss of rock 'n
roll, kept 16,000 fans in a state of
ecstasy for four hours Monday.
From the first beats of Born in the
U.S.A. to the last strains of Springsteen's rendition of Santa Claus
is Coming to Town, Springsteen
and the E Street Band gave an
awesome performance.
It wasn't just Springsteen's talent
and stamina that made the concert
unforgettable, but his empathy with
the audience. After the third song
he stopped the concert until all the
people who had rushed the stage as
soon as the lights dimmed and were
being pushed into it had been
directed back to their seats.
The only criticism that can be
made about Springsteen's performance is that he didn't play all
night. During the time that he did
play he sang almost every song from
his latest album, Born in the
U.S.A., and many favourites from
his older albums such as Cadillac
Ranch, Prove it All Night, Out in
the Street, Thunder road, and
Badlands.
Noticeably absent, however,
songs from his first album
Greetings from Ashbury Park
which contains such classics as For
You and Spirits of the Night.
Springsteen established a comfortable rapport with the crowd by giving brief anecdotes before several
songs. He spoke of the garden of
Eden which, according to certain
theological studies cited by Springsteen, didn't exist in the Middle East
but ten miles south of the Jersey
turnpike at Old Dan's Used Car
Lot.
Springsteen listed the days of
creation saying "On the fifth day —
unlike my competition across town,
Bill Graham — God wanted to go
for a drive with his baby so he
created the pink Cadillac. He sat
back and said this is wild!" Exactly
what his fans said when Springsteen
then sang Pink Cadillac.
While Springsteen combed his
hair during the intermission the enthusiasm of the crowd didn't wane.
They danced to the canned music
and did the wave.
Although Clarence "Big Man"
Clemmons changed out of his
flourescent red suit for the second
half of the concert he still attracted
attention, especially during his sax
solos. When Springsteen introduced
the E Street Band, in the middle of
a prolonged version of Rosalita, the
newest member of the band, Nils
Lofgren performed a back flip.
After three unsuccessful attempts to
replicate the feat, Springsteen said
"Fuck it" and the band resumed
playing.
Springsteen satisfied his teeny
bopper fans by performing his
latest hits throughout the night
while he kept his hardcore fans
waiting until the end. For his first
encore he sang Jungleland giving
special attention to the people
behind the stage.
After bringing Springsteen back
for the second time the crowd went
crazy when he finally sang Born to
Run, followed by a medley of Devil
with a Blue Dress On, Jenny Jenny,
C.C. Rider and Twist and Shout.
When Springsteen left the stage
for the final time, the crowd was
too hoarse to scream for more and
seemed more exhausted than he
was.
Maybe that's why they call him
the Boss.
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THE    UBYSSEY
Page 17
Matkin comments 'encouraging'
By RENATE BOERNER
UBC's administration president
is pleased that the business community is expressing concern about
B.C.'s education system.
"It's very encouraging to have
other constituencies express concern. We really have to let them
speak," George Pedersen said.
"There are some fairly impressive
implications for the business community if we're not able to fulfill
their manpower demands over
time," he said.
Pedersen   was  commenting   on
statements made by Jim Matkin,
president of the B.C. Employers'
Council, in the Oct. 16 Sun. Matkin
said politicians and policy makers
must listen to educators' warnings
that economic restraint is damaging
B.C.'s education system.
"I suspect Mr. Matkin is reflecting a number of concerns within
the business community. The concerns that he has are the ones that
we have had for a while," Pedersen
said.
He noted Matkin also said provincial policies have possibly had a
more detrimental effect on education that federal policies. He said
the provincial government must not
simply view education as another
part of the public sector where costs
can be reduced.
"The government has to see the
values in investing in people. If
we're nor careful we're going to be
importing (skilled) people," Matkin
said.
He said that restraint had been
too sudden.
"You just can't plan in the way
in which we're being asked to do,"
— rory a. photo
MYSTERIOUS MUTANT MALADY has struck terror among joggers and runners on campus. Persons exposed to too much running activity near TRIUMF mutate in four weeks into size 76 Nike. They often spend their time
looking for people with abnormally large feet. Some migrate to northwest in search of Bigfoot, others to Ottawa.
"Since many of them have big mouths, we assume they have the feet to match," said one, photographed during
Homecoming Arts 20 relay.
AMS witholds CFS publications
The UBC Alma Mater Society
is "sitting on" thousands of Canadian Federation of Students
newspapers and pamphlets that
should have been distributed to
students, a CFS spokesperson said
Thursday.
Tammi Roberts, CFS Pacific
chair, said one of the main
reasons why more students were not
aware of the November referendum
vote on UBC membership in the
federation was student council did
not distribute literature sent to it by
CFS.
"There are 10,000 if The B.C.
Student (the CFS regional student
newspaper) that have been sitting in
an AMS back room somewhere for
the last six months," Roberts said.
In addition, said Roberts, "hun
dreds of pamphlets" and newsletters printed by CFS have not been
made available to UBC students.
This material would have helped
make UBC students more aware
of what CFS is, she said.
"At least 30 pounds of information have been sent to UBC (in the
last six months) but it has not been
circulated by (AMS) external affairs," said Roberts. She declined
to blame any student council
members specifically, but said
"there are a number of powerful
members of the AMS bureaucracy
who are not proponents of cooperation with other student organizations."
Roberts was at UBC to promote support for a "yes" vote in
the CFS membership referendum
which takes place Nov. 21, 22 and
23.  The federation is a national
organization of 64 student
associatons at universities, colleges,
and technical institutions across
Canada.
he said. He said it is difficult to plan
without knowing what the government wants or what obligations to
the education system it is prepared
to accept.
Pat McGeer, minister of science,
technology and universities, said
education has already received
"preferential treatment." Education was affected less by restraint
than other areas, he claimed.
"The education system and
universities have not been asked to
do what the government has done
— nowhere near it," he said.
McGeer said education continues
to be a government priority. "I
think the universities have received
very special and preferred treatment, and will continue to receive
special and preferred treatment."
B.C. Teachers' Federation president Pat Clarke said he hoped
Matkin's statements would raise
public concern.
"The post-secondary system
deserves to get a great deal of attention. No doubt it's in a shambles
and has the potential of simply collapsing," Clarke said.
But Clarke said the public school
system is also being undermined by
restraint, and may suffer at the expense of the post-secondary system.
"Some of them (university
leaders) have fairly ready access to
the premier's office. We never do.
The post-secondary system doesn't
operate in splendid isolation from
the rest of us.
AMS affirms CFS
The Alma Mater Society council
voted to support the yes campaign
in the upcoming Canadian Federation of Students referendum at
UBC.
AMS president Margaret Copping said the discussion at Wednesday night's council meeting was
likely the best there had been at any
council meeting this year.
She added she herself as president
had no official position on CFS.
The vote  followed months of
discussion by council on whether to
support joining CFS or not.
CFS, an association of universities and colleges across Canada, is
asking UBC students to vote to join
the federation in a mid November
election. Membership fees are $7.50
a student per year.
CFS offers CUTS travel service,
a political lobby at the provincial
and federal level and research in
return, as well as other assorted
benefits.
UBC allows military
By GINNY AULIN
Between $300,000 and $500,000
will be spent on military research at
UBC this year, a Ubyssey reporter
told a university research forum
Thursday.
Patti Flather told 20 people in
Buchanan A 204 the research is
funded by the Department of National Defence in Canada, the U.S.
Navy, and Atomic Energy Canada.
Information on the nature of the
research, which professors are doing it, and the extent of the funding
can be obtained from UBC research
director Rick Spratley, she added.
"Research must be published but
publishment can be delayed,"
Flather said. Spratley has said
politically sensitive research which
is policy related can occasionally remain unpublished for up to two
years, she added.
Flather, who has investigated
UBC military research, cited examples of projects presently being
undertaken. "There is a study being
done on the structure of the ocean
which could be helpful in detecting
nuclear submarines. This is controversial as it aims at making second strike nuclear forces obsolete
and so destabilizes detterence,"
Flather said.
Although UBC policy forbids
classified research, an example of
research UBC would accept if
publishable, according to Spratley,
is the building of a nuclear blast
resistant structure which is currently being done by the University of
Toronto, Flather said.
Gary Marchant, a member of
Students For Peace and Mutual
Disarmament, said there should be
restrictions on military research at
universities.
"Once a new weapons system
gets to an advanced stage of
development it acquires a life of its
own due to vested interests of
government and researchers. Such
projects must be stopped at the
research stage," said Marchant.
Merely refusing to undertake
classified research is not good
enough, Marchant said.
"The U.S. Department of
Defense has doubled its budget for
biological weapons research to
universities. This is unclassified
research," said Marchant. "Local
initiatives should be raised to place
restrictions on military research in
universities."
A representative from the Life-
Force Foundation said controls to
protect humans and animals from
hazardous exposure during experiments funded by pharmaceutical and military industries
are very limited.
Peter Hamilton said experiments
funded by the Canadian Department of Defense are conducted at
UBC   and   hospitals.   Rats   and
dogs are irradiated in experiments
to develop pills for fighting in a
nuclear war, Hamilton said.
"It is difficult for me to walk
through campus on a sunny day like
today knowing what is going on in
UBC labs," said Hamilton after
distributing pictures of a cat with an
electrode implanted in the top of its
head. The forum was sponsored by
Students for a Democratic University.
UBC requests $4 million from gov't
UBC has approached the provincial government for approximately
$4.5 million to compensate faculty
who have taken voluntary retirement.
"The administration had an
understanding with the faculty
members in question last year when
they made their decisions," administration president George
Pederson said. "We also had an
understanding that in the event
there wasn't the money in the
(university) budget, we would still
pursue those funds."
Student board of governors
representative Dave Frank said the
university made the initial offer to
some faculty members because it
would save money in the future.
"The cost to keep on paying those
people would be considerably
greater than four and one half
million dollars," Frank said.
Vice president academic Robert
Smith said he was not certain the
government would provide the
money. "All I can say is that we've
made a request for the money. I'm
not sure when and if we'll get it. We
haven't received it yet."
Universities ministry assistant
Jane Burns said the ministry forwarded UBC's request to the provincial treasury board.
"Originally I thought we were
going to make this a consideration
in next year's budget," Burns said.
"But now it seems that the money
will be made available this year."
Burns said the final decision will
be made by the treasury board and
not by the universities ministry.
"We're not sure how soon the
decision will be made," she said,
"but it will definitely be sooner
than we had originally planned." Page 18
U BY
E Y
Friday, October 19,1984
HcVL£6
Pacific Cinematheque (1155 W. Georgia,
732-6119) Oct. 19: Advertising Films, Yesterday and Today, 7:30 p.m.; Satire and
Hollywood Parody, 9:30 p.m.; Oct. 20, Film
Noir and Allegory, 7:30 p.m.; Satire and
Hollywood Parody, 9:30 p.m.; Oct. 24, A
Special Day; Oct. 25, In Person: Mark Rap-
paport, 7:30 p.m.; Oct. 26, Charles R.
Bowers, Or the Marriage of Slapstick and
Animation, 7:30 p.m.
Cinema 16 (SUB auditorium, 228-3698) Oct. .
22: Weekend, 6:30 and 8:30 p.m.
SUB Films (SUB auditorium, 228-3697) Oct.
18-21:  Local Hero, 7:00 and 9:00 p.m. Oct.
25-28: Romancing the Stone, 7:00 and 9:00
p.m.
Studio Cinema (919 Granville, 681-3847)
Oct. 19: 12:00 a.m. Rocky Horror Picture
Show; Oct. 20: D.O.A., 12:00 a.m.; Oct. 21
and 24: Limelight, 12 noon and 2:00 p.m.
Vancouver East Cinema (253-5455, 7th
Ave. and Commercial Drive) Oct. 19: Cat on a
Hot Tin Roof, 7:30 and 9:30 p.m.; Oct. 20:
The Haunting, 7:30 p.m.; Poltergist, 9:30
p.m.; Oct. 21: The Passenger, 7:15; Pat
Garett and Billy the Kid, 9:30 p.m.; Oct.
22-23; Slaughterhouse 5, 7:30, Fahrenheit
451, 9:30 p.m.; Oct. 24-25; Painters Painting,
7:00 p.m.; Under Fire, 9:10 p.m.
the Arts Club Revue Theatre, until Nov. 3,
8:30 p.m.
Overnight Exposure: Vancouver's late night
live talk show, Friday nights at 11:00 p.m..
Arts Club Revue Theatre, Granville Island,
687-5313.
Passion: Peter Nicholas Canadian premiere,
Arts Club Granville Island, 8:30 p.m.
A Man For All Seasons: Lusty Henry staged
again, The Vancouver Playhouse, until Oct.
24, 8:00 p.m. 873-3311.
Cloud 9: a play of multiple genitals and other
comical parts, at the Waterfront on Granville
Island, 8:30 p.m., 873-3311.
Blithe Spirit: an occult discovery by Vagabond Players, 433-4308.
Faust: Theatre Space production of Goethe's
Faust opens Oct. 25, The New York Theatre,
681-0872.
Season's Greetings: a comedy by Alan
Ayckbourn at Studio 58, until Oct. 28,
324-5227
Bruhanski Theatre Studio: ongoing
weekend performance space, presents Sweet
Eros by Terence McNally and Home Free by
Lanford Wilson until Nov. 4, 879-2080.
Suicide in B b: a new wave/film noir comedy
about a crime that may not have happened,
SFU Theatre Oct. 30, 12:30, free, Oct.
31-Nov. 3 and Nov. 7-10 at 8:00 p.m. $2,
students $1.
The Place Where The Mammals Die: Kits
House Hall, until Nov. 3,  Wed.-Sun. 8:30
p.m., 736-3588.
"Da": a sugary Irish comedy written by Hugh
Leanard, best play of 1978, until Nov. 3, 8:30
p.m" 980-5552.
Expose 84 — a musical protest. The Firehall
Theatre, 8:30 p.m., 689-0691.
Suspect: a you-dun-it game of murder, by
the people who bring us Theatresports, 8:30
p.m., 688-1436.
The Late Blumer: left over hippy dippy love
meets the sexual eighties, Arts Club Theatre,
Seymour St. until Oct. 27, 687-5313.
Ain't Misbehaving: another great musical at
Michel Lemieux: new music performance,
Solide Salad, a mult-media blend of
theatrical, musical and dance elements, Oct.
16-18, 8:30 p.m. Vancouver East Cultural Centre, 254-9578.
La Groupe de la Place Royale: explores
many disciplines to create total theatre, Oct.
25-27, Paula Ross Dance Studio, 732-5332.
Ethno-Fusion: an original concept by Jack
Velker and Ross Barrett. The international
cast is accomplished in instruments as
evocative as the shakuhachi, koto sarod,
African drums. Many different cultures
highlighted. Nov. 2, 8:30 p.m., Queen
Elizabeth Theatre, Tickets at Vancouver
Ticket Centre.
Women Singing for Women Silenced:
Nancy White, Connie Kaldor, Holly Arntzen,
*N N* SJS *N S5* SK SH N* SN< HS as $$$ 5SS
TRAVEL CUT&
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VANCOUVER
Toronto $369      Winnipeg $219
Edmonton $139       Ottawa $399
Saskatoon $159       Montreal $419
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UBC, Student Union Building
604 224-2344
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FREE U.B.C. PICKUP
'A
singing in a benefit concert for amnesty international. Oct. 20, 8 p.m. Centennial
Theatre, North Van., tickets at V.T.C.
outlets.
Hot Jazz: Tenth annual festival featuring the
Bathtub Gin Party band, Razzmajazz, Five
Guys named Moe, and many more, Nov. 9,
10, 11, Hot Jazz Society club, 212 Main St.,
and the Holiday Inn.
Jewish Music: Music on Jewish themes,
Israeli and Chassidic melodies sponsored by
the Canadian Jewish congress and Van.
Jewish Community Centre, Oct. 21, 8 p.m.,
Vancouver Academy of Music.
J. S. Bach, the solo repertoire: John Gibbons, performs the Golsdberg variations on
the harpsichord, Oct. 21, 8 p.m., Recital
Hall, UBC music building. Tickets $5.50 for
students.
John O'Brien: Canada's foremost marine
painter in oil. J. C. Heywood: Fourteen Recent Prints of ideas layered with ink,
silkscreen, lithography and intaglio techniques, Oct. 24-Nov. 25, Burnaby Art Gallery,
6344 Gilpin St. 291-9441.
Whoop-de-do-a: Gary Young, Vancouver
based artist, graphic designs, screen prints,
originals, designer of the Carnegie logo, until
Nov. 2, Carnegie Centre, 401 Main.
Myron Jones: interprets Canadian landscape
in representational materials, Atelier
Galleries, Oct. 24-Nov. 6, 3084 Granville St.
Jack Campbell creates total composition
with shape upon shape, Oct. 22-Nov. 10,
New Westminster Public Library,
521-8874.
A Bloodless Coup: Jack Jeffrey, UBC
graduate entices viewers into semiology, in an
exhibition titled "Parts As Yet Unknown".
Until Nov. 17, UBC Fine Arts Gallery.
Enter a Free Man: directed by Beth French,
the story of Riley, an inventor struggling to
overcome the pressures of twenty-five years
of dead domesticity, Dorothy Somerset
Studio, Oct. 28, Wed.-Fri., 8:00 p.m.. Sat. 5,
8:30 p.m.
^S
iwfc^
TODAY
JUNIOR      HIGH      SCHOOL      WOMEN'S
VOLLEYBALL
Tournament, all day, War Memorial gym.
UBC MOTORCYCLE CLUB
Bzzr garden, free movie, 5:30 p.m., SUB 211,
ARC MAGAZINE
General meeting, new members welcome, noon,
BUTO 597.
PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
"Cloak and Dagger" bzzr garden,  ' p.m. to 7
p.m., BUCH Lounge.
INTRAMURALS
Friday noon run, university gates run (3 km-5.3
km), 12:35 p.m., SUB Plaza race centre.
MUSSOC
Auditions for West Side Story, 6:30 p.m. to 11
p.m., SUB Partyroom.
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
Lecture: "Is the Soviet Union still interested in
arms control?",  Dr.  Jane Sharp,  noon,  BUCH
A100.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
Conversation    meeting,    noon,    International
House.
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
Pub nite —   Electric jeilo, 6 p.m.  to midnight,
SUB 212.
UBC JAPAN EXCHANGE CLUB
Welcome back party, 7:30 p.m. to 11 p.m., International House (upstairs),
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
Free buses to Billy Graham, 6 p.m., meet at
north entrance of SUB.
TAOIST TAI CHI SOCIETY
Beginners Tai Chi class, noon, Vancouver school
of theology, Chancellor road.
SATURDAY
THUNDERBIRD FIELD HOCKEY
Women's Canada west tournament, UBC
vs Calgary, 9 a.m., UBC vs Alberta, noon,
Warren,   McGregor   Fields,   Thunderbird
Park.
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
Free buses to Billy Graham, 6 p.m., meet
at north entrance of SUB.
UBC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL WOMEN'S
VOLLEYBALL
Tournament, all day. War Memorial Gym.
SUNDAY
THUNDERBIRD FIELD HOCKEY
Canada west women's tournament, UBC vs
Manitoba, 11:30 a.m., UBC vs Victoria Vikings,
2:30 p.m., Warren, McGregor fields, Thunderbird Park.
ISMAILI STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
National education conference, 10 a.m.,
Miramar Hotel, Davie St.
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
Free buses to Billy Graham, 6 p.m., meet at
north entrance of SUB.
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
Sunday worship service, 10 a.m., SUB 212.
MONDAY
UBC SPORTS CLUB
Club meeting, 7 p.m., SUB 215.
AMS ART GALLERY
Print and ceramic show by Jean Kempinsky, 10
a.m. to 4 p.m.. Art gallery, SUB.
NDP CLUB
General meeting, all welcome, noon, SUB 119.
JEWISH STUDENTS ASSOCIATION/HILLEL
Snack bar open, noon, Hillel House.
INTERNATIONAL     ASSOCIATION      FOR
STUDENTS OF ECONOMICS AND COMMERCE
Selling   Canada   savings  bonds,   all   day,   SUB
230E, 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., SUB concourse.
TUESDAY
INTERNATIONAL     ASSOCIATION     FOR
STUDENTS OF ECONOMICS AND COMMERCE
Selling Canada savings bonds, all day SUB 230E.
11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p m., SUB concourse.
OVEREATERS ANONYMOUS
Open sharing meeting, new members welcome,
noon, conference room, Lutheran campus centre.
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
Aerobic class, 4:30 to 5:30 p.m., SUB 207/209
AMS ART GALLERY
Print and ceramic show by Jean Kempinsky, art
gallery. SUB.
AMS ART GALLERY COMMITTEE
Meeting, room 260 SUB.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ORGANIZATION
Weekly testimony meeting, all welcome, noon,
SUB 213.
JEWISH STUDENTS ASSOCIATION/HILLEL
Snack bar open, noon, Hillel House.
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines, .60c. Commercial
1 day $4.50; additional lines, .70c. Additional days, $4.00 and .65c.
Classified ads are payable in advance. Deadline is 10:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications. Room 266, S.U.B.. UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
Charge Phone Orders over $10.00. Call228-3977
3 lines.
5 - COMING EVENTS
25 - INSTRUCTION
70 - SERVICES
The Vancouver Institute
FREE PUBLIC LECTURE
DR. HOWARD HIATT, Dean,
School of Public Health,
Harvard University
MISPLACED PRIORITIES:
HUMAN COSTS OF
THE ARMS RACE
Lecture Hall 2
Woodward Building, Sat. Oct. 20
8:15 p.m.
LSAT, GMAT, MCAT preparation. Call
National Testing 738-4618. Please leave
message on tape if manager is counselling.
LSAT/GMAT preparation courses coming to
Vancouver. For info call 1-800-387-3747.
SPEED LEARNING
One Day Seminar
Speed reading and study skills taught by
Dr. Graham Mallett.
On campus Saturday
October 20
Students $20.00
Register 876-2830
LIMITED ENROLMENT
BOOKKEEPING & TAX SERVICE. Expert
& personal attention - individual, sole proprietor & corp. Reasonable. We service
your account at your location or at our office. 434-9185.
CLIP AND SAVE. Special rate clothing
alterations for students on campus. After 5
p.m. call 224-3596.
80 - TUTORING
85 - TYPING
11
FOR SALE - Private
30 - JOBS
WANTED TO BUY!! Old records: scratched
or unscratched. Call Al before 9 a.m. or
Sat. al! day 228-0995.
MOTORCYCLE: 1971 BMW R50/5. Ex. cond
New muffler, new battery. $1000. 681-0161
days, 738-1217 eves.
FOR SALE: Raleigh 10-speed bike. Excellent condition $99 or best offer 732-5958.
VAIMC. AUTOPLAN office needs PT. help
approx. 20-25 hr/wk. Must have pleasant
personality & will be dealing with the
public. Call John 251-3571 6-9 pm
NEED EXTRA MONEY? Can you sell good
quality sports socks at $6.50 for 3 pair? for
enquiries 732-6366.
TYPING — Fast, accurate, reasonable rates
734-8451.
WORD PROCESSING $1.50/PG IDS)
CRWR major - Winona Kent 438-6449
located in south Burnaby.
EXPERT TYPING. Essays, term papers,
factums, letters, manuscripts, resumes,
theses, IBM Selectric II, reasonable rates.
Rose 731-9857.
35 - LOST
15 - FOUND
FOUND: Approx 3 mth old female, orange
& white tabby kitten Fri. Oct. 12 around
Osbourne Gym. Call 733-9912 aft. 5 pm
20 - HOUSING
AVAILABLE NOW OR NOV. 1 1 Bedroon
in shared house just outside gates. Call
266-0769, Shannon.
HOW ABOUT SHARED OWNERSHIP IN
IN HOME? Look into owning a home with
a friend or friends. Contact me for how it
works; I have prepared very workable
details - better than renting. Good choice of
2 to 5 br. homes. Elizabeth Hopkins
943-5955 Block Brothers Realty 943-7441.
FOR RENT: Bach, basement suite, on King
Edward bus route. Ph. Penny or George at
874-2891 aft. 5 p.m.
ROOM-MATE NEEDED to share an apt.
suite starting Nov. 1 $177.50. 13th & Granville area. Call Al 732-8475.
NS GRAD/MATURE STUDENT to share
4 bdrm. house in Kits $250.00 & util. w/d
f/p 731-0145 Bet 7-9 for Nov. 15
WANTED: M/F to share 2 br. apt. at 12 &
Clark $200/mo. & 'A util & food. Avail Nov.
1 Call Shannon 879-5464.
SHOW SOME HONESTY. Lost white, nylon
& cotton Anba-made jacket at Forestry
undercut dance. Reward. 224-0120 aft. 6 or
208 Brock Hall.
LOST: 1 pr. glasses in brown case. Vicinity
of A-lot or McMI Bldg. Reward. Please call
274-1325.
40 - MESSAGES
WANTED: Author seeking people whose
parents are divorced to interview for forthcoming book. Must be 12 years or older.
Interviews conficential. Write Box 978 Station F, Toronto, N4Y 2N9.
I.N.S.A.N.E. MEMBERS! Photographer
looking for pro-test gp. Re: cruise protest
March '84. Tom 224-9392, mess. 936-0742.
DO YOU HAVE an alcohol problem? A.A.
meeting on campus. 873-8466.
CONGRATULATIONS to the 1984 FALL
pledge class of Kappa Sigma. From your active brothers.
70 - SERVICES
MODE COLLEGE of Hairdressing & Bartering. For students with ID, body wave for
$17. 601 West Broadway (B'way Plaza)
874-0633.
WORD   PROCESSING   SPECIALIST.   All
jobs, year around student rates, on King
Edward route. 879-5108.
WORD WEAVERS - word processing.
Student rates, fast turnaround, bilingual
5670 Yew St. at 41st 266-6814.
YOUR WORDS PROFESSIONALLY
TYPED - TO GO. Judith Filtness, 3206
W. 38th Ave., Van. 263-0351 (24 hrs.I. Fast
and reliable.
WORD    PROCESSING    SPECIALIST     U
write, we type theses, resumes, letters,
essays. Days, evenings, weekends.
736-1208.
WORD PROCESSING (Micoml Student
rates $14/hr. Equation typing avail, ph
Jeeva 876-5333.
WORD PROCESSING - 90c/pg. Dot matrix
$1/pg Daisywheel. Mon-Fri. Pick-up on
campus. Spelling correction. Call 433-0167.
TYPING WITH EXPERTISE. 1.25/pg ds
Prof, quality; university exper. with
resumes, essays, term papers. Joan
299-4986 in Kitsilano.
DOTS WORD PROCESSING offers reason
able rates for students for term papers,
essays & masters. 273-6008 eves.
WORD PROCESSING by Adina. Discount
for all student work. 10th & Discovery.
Phone 222-2122.
MINIMUM NOTICE REQUIRED. Typing
essays & resumes. Spelling corrected
733-3676. Friday, October 19,1984
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 19
eviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews reviews re
Dance both smooth and hard edged
B
By DENNIS LUM
y the time you read this article, this film will be in
Ontario to once again
challenge the province's
tight censorship board. This last
and final film by one of Italy's most
interesting and unorthodox directors is by no means ordinary. No, it
takes its excesses and throws them
at your face . . . quite literally! It is
not something new with this director: all of his films have attracted
controversy before. We are talking
about a director who has been
pelted by rotten eggs and vegetables
at the Venice Films Festival and
who has seen a theatre screen torn
down during one of his movie
premieres.
Sato, Or The 120 Days of Sodom
Directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini
Images    of    Fascism/Pacific
Cinematheque
Salo is Pasolini's criticism about
abusive power, about societal
rules, and the decadence these bring
about when they are concentrated
in the hands of a few. He chose as
his source and guide the writings of
the Marquis de Sade. He also
transposed segments from this
notorious 17th century text to 1944
Fascist Italy and directed one of the
most gruesome and sordid films
ever shown on a screen.
Salo begins innocently though:
Under the roof of a cozy veranda,
four upper echelon gentlemen seal a
pact enabling each to marry one of
the others' daughters. But the pact
was made not only for carnal gain
or for business ties; it was a bond
between the four lords — a banker,
a judge, a bishop, and a duke — to
do something much more dastardly.
Soon, in nearby towns and villages,
many young boys and girls disappear, becoming victims of the four.
The adolescents were abducted to
a villa on the outskirts of Mur-
zabotto, a town where in real life
one of the last infamous German
atrocities in Italy took place and a
whole population was massacred.
The four educated, well read and
Horrifying and
By CHARLIE FIDELMAN
Toronto Dance Theatre put all its
confidence in one basket by presenting the work of one choreographer
for an entire show. The confidence
was well placed. Christopher
House, the young resident
choreographer of TDT deserves his
reputation of having a pronounced
gift for making dances.
Glass Houses and other dances by
Christopher House
presented   by   Toronto    Dance
Theatre
At  the  Vancouver  East  Cultural
Centre
House dances are characterized
by long sweeping lines, symmetrical
elegance of clean movement and
clear relationships between
background and foreground. In
fact, his dances are so evenly paced
they can be called predictably good.
Christopher House produces lovely
contemporary dance reminiscent of
Balanchine.
He seems to be interested in the
physicality of the movement rather
than in making statements. Fleet, a
dance for seven dancers was performed to John Cage's Three
Dances for Two Amplified
Prepared Pianos (No. 2 and 1). The
piece is fragmented but one dancer
completed the other motion to
percussion-like rhythms.
Boulevard is a dialogue between
the movement and Satie's score,
Trois Morceaux en Forme de Poire.
The dance starts with ordinary
walking motion and develops
beautiful jazz moves with swings
and tilts, jumps and strides. The
dance for three friends ends with
the three strolling off stage
together.
The premier piece of the evening,
Animated Shorts, highlighted
House's talents both as dancer and
choreographer. It was composed of
short   dances   in   jazz,   modern,
cultured gentlemen become
Pasolini's fascist ideals as they impose their every whim on their innocent victims. There are three parts
to the tale, and each one becomes
more nauseating to watch.
The first, entitled "Circle of
Maniacs" is an introduction to the
concentration-camp atmosphere of
the villa. There, the boys and girls
were subjected to rape and humiliation. House rules were that a limb
or even death will serve as penalty
for not conforming. The
adolescents were treated like dogs
and forced to crawl on all fours
with leashes and to eat off the floor.
The second part, entitled "Circle
of Shit", is Pasolini's indigestible
commentary on consumerism.
What is consumerism? It is actually
the working premise on which
Pasolini made this film.
explicit Italian film
street, and waltz, with House's own
dance in between the shorts providing transition and a unifying
force.
I left the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre with the feeling of
having seen dance for the sake of
dance; beautiful bodies suspended
in pure motion without sharp edges.
In contrast to House, another
eastern choreographer, Quebec's
Andre Fortier, makes dances with
hard edges and story lines. His
premise is dance is boring if it is only beautiful. Fortier says he does
not intend to give his audiences
direct messages but only strong images which they are to take home to
work on.
Fortier Danse Creation .
Simon Fraser University Theatre
The first half of the evening concentrated on a rock trilogy.
Fortier's dancers dressed in below
the bustline dresses, gave birth to
rocks enveloped rocks, and carried
rocks attached to their heads.
"The rocks symbolize
humanity's misery, we create it or
find it, none of the dancers had to
pick up a rock and attatch it to his
or her head," he said in an impromptu conversation after the
show.
Fortier's aim is to shock, he
claims he wants a spot in posterity
for his dances. Dance is a bit of a
misnomer for the Fortier performance; it is almost like theatre.
What does one call sheep leg
chairs and baa baaing dancers?
Brilliant or simply awful. Assis
Scient-ils is a montage of theater
that is almost genius, Fortier carried
each scene to its bizzare edge and
with one small change transformed
sheep into devout disciples of a
Christ-like figure.
The whole dance was a series of
transformations. Fortier has imagination if nothing else. None of
the dances contained beautiful
lines, symmetry, or recognizable
dance movement. But they did contain the beauty that comes from
wild freedom of no holds barred
imagination.
The final part, "Circle of Blood"
was the worst part. By now, the
lords were tired of playing the
game. Late one night, out of fear of
punishment, a boy let on to one of
the lords a secret that one of the
girls had been disobeying orders.
That girl then let on a secret about
another hapless victim and soon
this type of finger pointing has the
whole camp indicted. The next day
the torture and slow death of these
victims was observed dispassionately through binoculars. Often, we
were watching them through the
wrong end. The often muted sound-
gives bleak view of
society
sick-in-the-heads could get off on
this film. Pasolini did not believe in
dressing his film up: he did not
want any symbols to be inferred.
He did adapt sequences from de
Sade's tale quite literally as an
organization of orgies, their realization, and the final killings after the
orgies.
"We are talking about a director who has been pelted by
rotten eggs and vegetables at the Venice Film Festival
yy
Consumerism is power. People
no longer want to accept their fate.
Said Passolini about the average
man, "What kind of individual
would he be, if he accepted his
regressive archaic, inferior status?
He has to fight in order to raise his
social standing! All of a sudden, we
are all becoming little Hitlers." So,
in his analogy, Pasolini has the
duke forcing one of his innocent
victims to eat the duke's freshly laid
excrement. This cruelty was depicted unhedgingly on the screen.
The intense mood hung even lower
when the four lords decided that
shit was a delicacy and served
everyone their own feces for dinner
(themselves included) the next evening.
track added to the distancing effect.
A tongue is cut out. A scalp is torn
off. A boy's penis is burned. It was
very much like watching film
footages of events in Nazi concentration camps such as those found
in Riesnais' "Night and Fog". By
now, everyone in the audience was
pretty exhausted.
The film is banned in many countries. It is an unpleasant film. In
some areas of the free world where
rt is not banned, it is being
marketed as pornography, a sort of
poor man's Caligula. Yet, is it really
pornographic? There is too much
intellectualizing and not enough sex
for that. Sure, it was quite graphic
but the sequences were more to
drive the point home. Only the truly
Pasolini was quite a controversial
figure himself. He was a poet,
novelist, theorist and critic. As a
linguist, he did translating of written works. Among his own work,
he has written or presented in film
form, tales about prostitutes,
Christ, street urchins, and pig-
fuckers. He was a maverick Marxist, but the Communists refuse to
have anything to do with him. As a
homosexual, he was rejected by Italy's Gay Liberation Front. He was
always a marginal person bordering
on the edge society. Although
university educated, he chose to live
in poverty for some time. He found
his inspirations through the Roman
slums, and it was this interest in
subproletariat   society   that   led
ultimately to the creation of this
film.
Salo will always be remembered
as his grimmest film. His other
works, however, include more commercially feasible projects such as
his "trilogy of life": The
Dacameron was one of Italy's biggest money makers; the Canterbury
Tales and Arabian Nights were also
quite successful. These were bawdy
films about the joy and sexual zest
of life. However, he did an about
face when he made Salo just one
month before his death, and he
even denounced his trilogy in his
last major essay.
Passolini worked with many
great directors. He did screen-
writing for Fellini. Bertollucci
(1900, Last Tango in Paris) was his
student. However, in the last year's
of his life, he became more despondent. He began to adore the third
world figures, to accept the unacceptable, to adapt to the unadaptable, and to degrade himself. His
life ended in 1975 when he was
bludgeoned to death at a seaside
resort near Rome soon after Salo
was completed. Page 20
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 19,1984
adu*x£JtcGr\ U&ust.
STUDENT
INACTIVISM
By DEBBIE LO
It is a cold, rainy Thursday morning. A
member of UBC's student council is sopping
wet, waiting for the bus. A kind professor
driving by takes pity on the young executive
and picks him up.
In the ensuing conversation, the informed
student reels off a well-oiled rant on the
wicked Socreds who are destroying the quality of university education in B.C. and
limiting accessibility by cutting funding.
The wise professor empathizes with the
student, and suggests the student organize
petitions and urge other students to write
their MLA's. The student replies he had
already done that, and it hadn't worked:
there was nothing left to do.
"Why don't you stage a demonstration,"
prompts the professor.
"Because. We'd be labelled as
RADICALS," he blurts out.
When someone asks about student activism at UBC these days the reply is "nonexistent." At a time when provincial cutbacks
of post secondary education funding are so
directly and drastically affecting B.C.
students, UBC contains a very apathetic,
cautious student population.
"I don't have time to protest. I have to
study, and I'm already involved in a club on
campus," says Duane Lecky, science 2.
Lecky says he hasn't really been affected
by the cutbacks — other than having to take
notes on the floor of his chemistry class, having his lab and his teaching assistant's hours
reduced, and, of course, paying higher tuitions fees.
Pat Wynhoven, commerce 2, says, "I'm
not mad enough about the tuition increases
to protest against it, because I know I can afford it."
Wynhoven says the B.C. student loan program, available to only a few students, is a
farce. He bought a AMS student aid lottery
ticket and has signed a petition against the
raising of tuition fees to help those who cannot afford the 33 per cent tuition hike and
cannot attend a university this year.
The lack of well-attended protests on campus makes it appear UBC students are indifferent to dramatic tuition fee increases this
year. The question for most students seems
to be whether they themselves can afford a
university education rather than whether all
potential students can.
Debbie Salvidge, arts 1, like many other
first year students, was not aware that tuition
may increase another 33 per cent next year,
and may be double the 1983-84 cost the
following year. She says she is still adjusting
to vast, impersonal UBC, and has not been
particularly active, other than filling out a
questionnaire on cutbacks.
"Maybe I'm cautious because I'm in first
year. I don't know what else I can do to
fight unnecessary cutbacks that wouldn't
take much time," she says.
Most students seem to feel powerless
against the cutbacks because they see them as
unavoidable: many are not even aware of
what they, as individuals, can do.
Bill Coller, a member of the UBC Students
for a Democratic University, says, "It is a
misconception, that the B.C. government has
no money for education, when it invests in
fairs and stadiums with little chance of suc
cess."   He  says  the  misconception  has  a
demoralizing effect on students.
SDU has 12 active members. The group
dedicated to rallying students against cutbacks and representing one-two thousandths
of the student population shows precisely the
lack of student concern and action in
academic matters outside of the classroom.
"First year engineering is hard, and I've
been too busy studying to have thought
about protesting," says Rob Hadden,
engineering 1. He adds, "I can't be
bothered."
"Students do not want to prejudice their
chances of getting a job by marching in
demonstrations," says Graham Payne,
engineering 4, also an SDU member.
"They are afraid of being seen by people
who might be giving them an interview," he
says. Hypersensitivity to the future job
market still dominates the UBC environment, he says.
Sue Mcllroy, a member of the Anarchist
Club in science 3, says, "If we held a
demonstration students would jeer and verbally abuse the protestors because most
students do not want to upset the status quo,
and lash out at those who do."
The Anarchist Club has 25 members from
many faculties and years. Mcllroy says the
anarchist club takes a global view rather than
focusing on events in B.C. because there are
enough clubs devoted to that purpose already
on campus. Yet these clubs, including the
Anarchist Club, only attract a small percentage of the student population.
"Most people are fairly well off and can
afford the increases,  from looking at the
types of cars and clothes they have," she
adds.
The student age group is the most inactive
of all ages in Canada, says UBC social
psychologist Don Dutton.
"There is a common feeling of resignation
to government attacks on university education," says Dutton. The atmosphere is different from the campus 15 years ago, when
there was a feeling of hope for change among
youths.
Dutton says students were more willing to
voice their concerns at that time because of a
strong counter culture which stirred student
activism.
Stan Persky, a leading student activist in
1968 at UBC, charges that professors are
partly to blame for student inactivism.
"Most professors don't raise issues in class
to make students think. There is a lot of
feather bedding where professors play games
so that their students will be obedient," says
Persky.
Persky has run for UBC chancellor three
times in the past and vows he will continue to
run until elected. He is presently a political
science professor at Capilano college, and
has written two books on B.C. politics.
"Students aren't all that different now
than they were then. There is just more nose
to the grindstone suckholing because of the
bad economy," he says.
Because most students still spend much of
their time studying they do not stop to consider if the quality of their education is being
systematically dismembered. Yet further
cancelled mid terms and discussion groups
will be a concern if more rvtbacks arrive next
year.
Students will probably maintain the same
grades they are getting now even with less instruction time although the well rounded
education they are supposed to receive at
university may diminish. In 1984, only
students can make student's concerns known
to the government.
But Coller says the average student is dormant because not enough faculty and student
representatives are taking leadership to fight
the cutbacks.
"Council, like the average student, is conservative and in an inactive mood," Coller
says.
Margaret Copping, Alma Mater Society
president, openly admits that council
generally talks more often than it acts.
"Usually it's just 25 people bullshitting."
Copping says there is not enough student
participation now and that elected students
(she emphasizes students), cannot organize
activities when the people in their constituencies don't back them up.
Council members often don't even try to
promote student action, Copping adds.
Copping gave a recent example when council had to choose a delegate for a Canadian
Federation of Students forum and not one
representative was willing to commit
themselves because it infringed upon their
homework time even though they
unanimously agreed that someone should dq
it.
Student council has organized a student
aid lottery, set up a bursary fund, written let
ters to MLA's, and organized a petition
which received approximately 6,000
signatures to oppose tuition fee hikes. Still
tuition rose and cuts continued.
Copping says the AMS prefers the scatter
approach to confronting the provincial cutbacks because it is too difficult for such a
small number of students to organize such a
large unresponsive constituency.
Coller, on the other hand, insists that there
is not enough solidarity developing between
groups on campus to effectively attract student participation.
"Student council could do a lot more by
uniting groups on campus," Coller says.
Students as a whole react against the
Socred cutbacks firstly to protect themselves.
Their fear of not being able to find any of the
diminishing jobs available has forced them to
reject activism as "superficial" and cutbacks
as someone else's problem.
Most students are apparently already
resigned to the fact that organized petition
and letter writing campaigns, the quiet
methods of protest in B.C., will not work.
Those lucky enough to be students have accepted that they have to pay a lot to further
their education.
Unless each student picks up a pen or
raises a voice in defence of the quest for
knowledge, quality at UBC will die a quiet
death. However, this may even be too much
to expect of UBC's conservative, conscientious students, because too many have to use
the same pen to write their term paper or job
application.
\V44U6Ur

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