UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 20, 1998

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 the international day to eliminate racism inside
ubyssey magazine
eliminating racism since 1918
FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1998
As First
to UBC,
by Cynthia Lee
Nestled away in a peaceful pocket of green campus space, the First Nations House of Learning
(FNHL) is as unique as the wooden Longhouse
which houses it
According to founder Verna Kirkness, the
House of Learning is unique in Canada as the pro
gram does not follow the route of setting up a specific Native Studies department so typically found
at other universities.
'It's my impression that it's better to have the
university students attend any faculty and to by to
get the faculties and departments to be more sensitive to aboriginal students' needs rather than to
ghettoise them in a Native studies department'
she said. Kirkness also added students in separate
Native Studies departments find future job opportunities limited.
Jo-Ann Archibald, the current FNHL director,
said the program concentrates on making the university a "better place of learning' for First Nations
students. 'It is still very problematic in many
areas, various forms of racism and that they have
a constant struggle to address the validity of their
knowledge,' she said.
The First Nations House of Learning aims to
'demystify' the views of both the [native] commu-
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PROVIDING A HOME for Native students at UBC, the First Nations House of Learning, tara
House of learning is a home
the First
House of
to be a
nity and the university about one another. 'For
marry students that are entering the university,
they are still first generation...students. It's important to get out the word to the community about
what a university can offer. And the university
needs to know what the needs are in the
[native] communities,' said Verna Kirkness.
One of these needs is to increase the level
of comfort for First Nations students on campus. Students often come from communities
with populations of less than a thousand people—dwarfed in relation to the 33 000 students
who attend of UBC. It really is a home away
from home for the students so that they won't get
lost in the huge campus,' said Kirkness.
The Longhouse's unique architecture reflects
in many ways the workings of the House of
Archibald explained the Longhouse was
designed collaboratively by elders, students and
staff based on the traditions. "We take the First
Nations traditions and we use them as a foundation as we add other forms of knowledge and tech-
nology...we build from that" explained Archibald.
Isabelle Kootenay, a Stoney First Nations student at UBC, said she loves the Longhouse environment and for her, it brings to mind a tepee. 'It
lifts me up. Every time I am stressed out from my
studies, I go relax at the Longhouse. It's wonderful
and it reflects on our cultures.'
The Longhouse is only one element of the
FNHL, which is the brainchild of a study done
eleven years ago, examining how the university
could be more responsive to First Nations people.
They concluded that there should be something like a First Nations House of Learning, a unit
on   campus   which  would  help  faculty  get
recruitment and also develop courses and
programs relevant to First Nations,' said Jo-
Ann Archibald.
The FNHL took its roots from two other
existing initiatives—the Faculty of Education
Native Indian Teacher Education Program
(NITEP) and the First Nations Law program.
"There was a desperate need to have teachers and lawyers who were of First Nations
ancestry,' Archibald continued.
Archibald said the FNHL established its
mandate 'to consult with First Nations community about the educational needs at the
university to improve the access of the university for First Nations.'
This is still the mandate today. But since
then, the House of Learning has expanded its
focus. After it was established, a number of
community consultations identified education,
health, natural resources, languages and commerce as high priority areas. 'And it was not to say
that law wasn't important—there wasn't enough
in those five areas,' she added.
Archibald also emphasised any future initiatives should be culturally relevant
'It [the university] becomes more culturally responsive with courses that have First
Nations content and First Nations people
working as coordinators, advisors and faculty members and then to develop other programs or various kinds of workshops. [The
courses] often deal with historical, political and
social issues. At least there is a more accurate
presentation about First Nations content and perspectives from First Nations in these courses,'
Archibald said.
The House of Learning has been working
with the university faculty to increase enrolment of First Nations students, hoping to
increase the current number of an estimated
400 students to their target of 1000 students by
the year 2000.
According to Archibald, the First Nations
House of learning is at the forefront of Native
education in several regards. The NITEP program is among the leaders in teacher education
in Canada. As well, the First Nations graduate
studies program, Ts"kel, was established at UBC
before any other Canadian university.
From its very foundations, the House of
Learning program has been building a home for
First Nations people at the university. "There
are many people who look at what UBC is doing
and feel that it's a very good direction," says
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GOAL Recruiting. Airfare, accommoda-
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: $100 For 3 Hours of your Time The
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The English Students Society are cur-
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i and copies of Roots for $5. Roots is the
\ club's annual pubUcation that contains
: submissions of poetry, short stories,
and visual art from UBC students.
I Contact Bonnie @ 323-1423 after 6pm
or leave a message in the club's box in
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the ubyssey
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Intramurals, Athletics, and Recreation Fee
Whereas UBC Athletics and Intramurals contribute to the social and personal   lives
of UBC students; and
Whereas the University has decreased funding to Athletics and Intramurals while the
costs of these programs have increased; and
Whereas an increase in student funding will allow UBC Athletics and Intramurals to
continue current programs and services;
I support the implementation of a $3 per year increase, not to exceed $15 over 5|
years, to benefit UBC Athletics and Intramurals.
Student Aid Fee
Whereas the University's Board of Governors passed in 1997, on the recommendation of the President's Office, a new tuition fee increment to the Student Aid Fund of
$12.00 per year; and
Whereas the BC Supreme Court has ruled that the action of the Board of Governors
and the President's Office contravened the Tax and Consumer Rate Freeze Act, and
is therefore illegal; and
Whereas the University is under a court order to refund to all students the $12.00
increment for the Student Aid Fund ; and .
Whereas it is important to aid financially needy students, and to promote the civil right |
of equal access to education for all, notwithstanding the illegalities committed by the
Board of Governors and the President's Office;
I support a $12.00 increase in the AMS fee, refundable upon request, to financially aid needy students.
Note: 100% of these funds will be dispensed as bursaries to UBC students.
Student Legal Fund
Whereas student interests are best established in a court of law;
Whereas there currently exists no organisation for the sole purpose of providing
support for, often costly, court cases brought by and for the students of UBC;
Whereas the Student Legal Fund will be established to fund cases to improve education and the accessibility to education at UBC;
I support the collection of $1 annually as a student fee to be put towards the
Student Legal Fund, this fee shall be refundable to individuals upon request.
FRIDAY       11:00am - 3:00pm
Voting has been extended due to an oversight by the
Elections Committee.
As per AMS Code, an advertisement must be placed in
a university publication during polling. This was not
done. To remedy this situation, polling has been extended.
Poll stations will be open subject to poll clerk availability at the above locations.
Human rights
tribunal continues
by Chris Nuttall-Smrth
A BC Human Rights Tribunal heard more potentially damaging testimony yesterday about alleged
threats and "harassing" telephone calls a former
UBC psychology student made after she was
allegedly harassed by one of her professors.
Don Dutton, a long-time psychology professor
and domestic violence expert at UBC, is accused of
offering Fariba Mahmoodi admission into graduate school in exchange for sex. Mahmoodi also
alleges that UBC mishandled her complaint to the
Equity Office.
In his second day of testifying yesterday morning, the head of psychology at UBC, Tony Phillips,
said he was worried about the safety of people in
his department after Mahmoodi sent several
threatening letters and had two outbursts in
Dutton's classes. He also said he fielded calls from
worried parents of students after the outbursts in
January 1996.
Yesterday was the seventh day of testimony in
the case, and the focus was again on the credibility
of Dutton and Mahmoodi.
A former UBC student who works in Dutton's
lab testified yesterday that students in the lab kept
a log of Mahmoodi's calls, as well as crank calls that
began in the winter of 1995 and continued until
summer. Ardis Krueger said the calls were a
source of stress in the lab.
"Every day it was a constant reminder in our
lives of this harassment this ongoing harassment,"
Krueger said.
But Mahmoodi's lawyer, Clea Parfitt, had
Krueger admit under cross examination that there
was no way to tell whether the repeated "hang-ups"
were from Mahmoodi.
Parfitt also went through the log of Mahmoodi's
phone calls, pointing out that with the exception of
a few days in March when Mahmoodi made several calls asking for Dutton, her calls were not too frequent For much of the log, Mahmoodi called a few
times a week and often only once.
Much of the testimony yesterday focused on a
cassette tape that is at the centre of Mahmoodi's
allegations. She says Dutton made a cassette tape of
music both times she went to his house over the
1994/95 Christmas break. But the tape Mahmoodi
presented as evidence includes parts of their conversation behind the music and the sound of a
crackling fire.
Dutton says his home stereo could not have
picked up the conversation or the background
The lawyer for Dutton, Greg Steele, strongly
questioned the testimony of an audio expert yesterday who said Dutton's theory of how the tape
was made—with a small cassette recorder concealed by Mahmoodi—was near impossible.
'I don't think it's something that's a likely scenario from an amateur or someone without a lot of
experience," said Hari Singh Khalsa.
But under cross examination he conceded that
the tape could have been faked.
The tribunal is set to continue today and
UBC may be venue for Pacific Games
by Douglas Quan and Sarah Galashan
UBC is a possible site for the third Pacific
Games, a major international sporting
event, to be held in the summer of 2001.
But at Thursday's Board of
Governor's(BoG) meeting, Vice President
Maria Klawe stressed that "UBC has not
agreed yet" to the offer.
Given the controversy surrounding the
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
conference last year, Klawe said "it's
important we follow correct process in
terms of consultation."
Over 3,000 athletes representing 43
countries are expected to compete in 13
sports during the Games, which are held
every other year. They were first held last
year in Chile; next year's will be held in Peru.
Former UBC Athletics Director Bob
Hindmarch helped initiate a bid for the
Games which the National Olympic
Committees of the Pacific region unanimously awarded to Vancouver last year.
And   although   SFU   is   among   other
Vancouver sites being considered. Bob
Philip, current UBC director of athletics,
says UBC seems a natural choice.
"The pool at UBC was originally designed
for the Commonwealth Games
and the T-bird Stadium was
originally designed for a track,"
said Philip, who added holding some of the sports events
at UBC will mean improvements to university faculties.
Sitting on the organising
committee  for  the   Pacific
Games are UBC affiliates Ken
Georgetti, BoG member, and
Peter Ufford, vice president
external affairs and advisor to
the president on business
relations. Both could not be
reached for comment.  But
Philip, who was initially consulted about
UBC being a possible site, said he was
pleased the university was being considered.
If UBC agrees to the offer, it will receive
about $7 million to upgrade its pool and
track faculties. Klawe also pointed out that
there will be other benefits like employment opportunities for students, and
sports legacy funds.
At the same time, the
Games could be the target
of human rights protesters, Klawe said. She added
that there will be disruption to campus life. There
are also issues of traffic,
the    environment    and
security to be considered.
A cultural festival and
Pacific economic forum
will be held in conjunction with the Games to
strengthen ties between
BC and Pacific countries.
Organisers say they hope the event will
improve Canada's share of the trade with
Student input will be sought at a forum
to be held March 30.*>
representing 43
which are
other year
Talking and painting trash bins at UBC
by John Zaozirny
Martha Piper and Vivian
Hoffmann, presidents of UBC
and the AMS repectively, were
talking trash yesterday in an
effort to raise the profile of a
cleaner campus.
Piper, clad out in her overcoat and plastic gloves, picked
up cigarette butts in front of the
Old Administration building.
Piper stated that UBC as a
community has a responsibility
to keep the area clean.
"We are kind of stewards of
this property, not only stewards
of our minds but stewards of
the environment so we are fortunate to have this beautiful,
beautiful campus and it is part <«■_*'
of our responsibilty to keep it "^
beautiful," she said.
All this trash talk comes as
part of the Spring Festival '98
which runs until Friday, March
Some aspects of the festival have been
hard to miss. Standing right in the middle of
the north SUB plaza, where scores of students lounge on the grass, are six large
dumpsters. It is no accident on the part of
Plant Operations, the dumpsters were put
there for painting. Students have transformed the huge steel trash receptacles into
works of art
UBC Waste Management is using the fes-
PAINT rr BLUE Lisa Bhophalsingh works on the Community and Regional Planning entry, richard lam photo
tival to get students excited about their
garbage. Celebrations even include a performance by celtic-rockers The Paperboys on
Shelley Vandenberg, communications
and education coordinator for Waste
Management and one of the festival organisers told students to "take ownership of the
"A lot of people disconnect themselves
from their trash the minute they throw it
into their own personal garbage can. We
wanted people to take ownership of the
dumpsters and realise that's also everyone's
trash in there together. We're responsible
for what goes in there and how much goes in
there and where it's going," Vandenburg
Six teams, including the Registrar's Office
and CiTR, took up the gauntlet of dumpster
The next time you throw out that rotten
apple core, just remember where it's headed. To the great gaudy dumpster out back.^
Looking for a summ
Temporary? Par
Read iJrOBS Frid
Special Issue
iday, March
er job? A caree
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ay March 27 or
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even full-time?
ily in the Ubyssey! 224-6225
Mon to Fri 8am-9pm
Sat to Sun 10am-6pm
2nd floor
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University Village
2174 W. Parkway
Vancouver, BC
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Dr. Patricia Rupnow, Optometrist
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General Eye
and Vision Care
4320 W.1 Oth Ave.
Vancouver, BC
(604)224 2322
Wed-Sat 7:30pm
Now Playing
The Good
Person of
by Bertolt Brecht
Mar 18-Apr 4, 1998
Mon-Sat 7:30pm
Closes Saturday
» by Samuel Beckett
Mar 11-21, 1998
Z 822-267c1
Learn how to
Master Change
In Your Life
A FREE Eckankar
workshop to help
you handle change
from a spiritual
Tuesday, March 24, 7:00 p. m.
Canadian Memorial Centre
1811 West 16th at Burrard
Bonsor Recreation Centre
6550 Bonsor (Near Metrotown)
Cam Neely Ice Arena
Boardroom #1, 11963 Haney Place
Maple Ridge
Thursday, March 26, 6:30p.m.
Guildford Library
15105 - 105th Avenue, Surrey
ECKANKAR, Religion of the
Light and Sound of God
For information call 434-3371
Big Savings
On Campus.
' Long Distance
Our basic rule of thumb: every student is different.
That's why BC TEl has brought a totaffy new personalized
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waive the sign-up fee, Thaffc a $9.50 saving.
at the AMS Gallary
until March 27
by Nyranne Martin
So, what were you doing the last
time you went to the SUB?
Grabbing a slice of pizza?
Stopping by a club office? How
about visiting an art exhibit? Ok,
so maybe the last one seems a bit
bizarre, but maybe you should try
From March 16-27, Monday-
Friday from 10am-4pm, the AMS
Gallery in the SUB is hosting the
first annual Student Studio
Society Art Show, Local Spaces.
This show features work done by
UBC fine arts students and displays the range of talent and skill
that we have here on campus. A
remarkably wide variety of work
is on display, from pictures of
Mars to oil paintings and photographs.
Each piece offered something
relevant and interesting to suit all
sorts  of tastes.   Ruth  Varvas'
thought provoking mixed media
display, titled "The Plague," has
newspaper pictures of world dictators combined with paint and
images of money. Janet Wang's
contrasting work consists of two
oil paintings, each showing a different view of a woman and a
vehicle. Liz Crimp has a number
of works  revealing  aspects  of
female sexuality and repression,
and concepts of culture. She also
has a picture of a performance
she  did,  sitting  in  front of a
church,     flagellating     herself.
Alison Maddaugh's use of Earth
and  Mars  maps  in her piece,
"Ground Control," is both interesting and aesthetically pleasing.
Manuela Niemetscheck's "Untitled" mixed media composition
will also catch your eye. She pasted a variety of products on the
wall that an average person uses
or  consumes,   such  as  Barbie
dolls and deodorant.
That's just a taste of what
you'll find in the show right now,
and of course, the AMS Gallery
often hosts exhibits that people
don't always notice. So on your
way to have a beer at the Pit or a
cup of coffee at the Pendulum,
stop by and check out the other
things that the SUB has to offer.
You might be pleasantly surprised.*
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Pla» Cricket?
The URC Cricket Club
is welcoming new plauers
for the 1998 season."
For more info call Paul
?34-2¥59 My kleaUly is <jpM between two names. Whso I aariiml to Canada ia 1980,1 was ALejajEkdro
Salvador Eustos. In time, after hearing my name mtspmiotmcsed too numy times. {. became
Alex ■at least for the majorily of th» time.
Whenever I visit my relatives in Cbile—any birthplace-or talk to fellow Latin Americans, I
insist on being culled Alejandro. This subtle statement, which may seem trivial to others,
allows me to remember ray roots.
Like many young immigrants to Canada, I have no real country to call my own. Having
spent most of my life in North America, 1 cannot claim to be Chilean. Yet, as my cultural habits
demonstrate, I am not Eurupean. So who am 1? Well, I'm a blend of Alex and Alejandru. This
personality split, common to many first-generation immigrants, is a regular part of my life.
In Quebec they have a word for people like me: allophone. This title has always amused me.
It was as if the media, and the larger political world, needed a synonym for "other", i.e. nei
ther Anglophone nor Francophone. After living in Montreal, this feeling of 'otherness" has
now become central to mv understanding of who I am.
— Alex (Alejandro) Bustos
When will I know who I really am? Even before I could speak my true
identity was hidden from me. My last name, Nurwisah, is an artificial
construction, given to me at birth. It was to protect me, my father would
later explain, from being discriminated against in Indonesia. To not be
labelled as Chinese by native Indonesians.
Eight years ago my family immigrated to Canada. As a young precocious child, I gobbled up this new culture until I almost felt as if I wasn't
Indonesian at all. I noticed this the most around other Indonesians, my
parents for example. The generation gap between my parents and me
was further widened by our inability to communicate in one language
coherently. I preferred English, they spoke in Indonesian or Chinese.
Even other Indonesians my age noticed that something was different about me. My cousin once remarked on how my
Indonesian had been tainted by English.
It is only recently that I've been able to explore my
other self. This year, I am taking a course in
Indonesian here at UBC. It has been a rewarding
experience, not only has my Indonesian improved
but I've also been able to explore Indonesian culture. Hopefully this is a start to finding out about
the half of my identity largely ignored until now.
I'm tired of this exercise.
It's a lot like I'm in a fishbowl, asked to explain to the non-fish around me what it's like being
a fish. It's a strange feeling. My experiences as an immigrant in two hundred words. It's like this,
you non-fish. Nothing's mine, not the signs I read on my way to school everyday, not the name
people call me all the time. Nothing. I'm an immigrant living in this city that is yours, but not
And it's funny that I choose to address the non-immigrant, the white mainstream majority. The idea of having to write about my experiences assumes the relationship of coloniser and
colonised—lemme show .you my pain. It strikes me as odd—and regrettable—that ethnic communities spend so much time trying to communicate with the white majority rather than ourselves.
— Ronald Nurwisah
This is what most people don't want to hear. Yet another woe-is-
me rant from a person of colour. And I'm tired of them, too.
I was watching an interview with Miles Davis the other night. The
reporter wanted to know if the trumpeter hated white people. Davis
thought about that for a while, and then he said, "Not all the time," and
It's a lot like that some days. Living in the fishbowl.
— Federico Barahona
Note: The above opinions are written by individual Ubyssey staff about their personal experiences as immigrants in Canada. .<). 1 )98
THE UK*SSEk#«U&*» Mi6tai#>(
Ubyssey editorial elections voting list
this list includes all voting staff members and all those who have contributed
to the Ubyssey since Jan 1. <• indicates number of staff meetings, ^ indi-
;:catesjnMr^ef5qf contributionsstilt required to vote in editorial elections. If
ypurnarrje(dpes not appearorthereisan error contact Joe to clarify any
problems; (n order to vote in editorial elections you must have contributed at
:jr^etings;siqce;January 1.^
Marina Antunes
Bruce Arthur
Federico Barahona
Andy Barham
Jeff Bell
Alex Bustos
Jo-Ann Chiu
Penny Cholmondely
Joe Clark
Alison Cole
Wolf Depner
Sarah Galashan
Holly Kim
Richard Lam
Cynthia Lee
Dale Lum
Alec MacNeil-
Emily Mak
Chris Nuttall-Smith
Ronald Nurwasah
Douglas Quan
Richelle Rae
Casey Sedgeman
Todd Silver
Shalene Takara
Tara Westover
Jamie Woods
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What is
the International Day for the
Elimination of Racial discriminatio
, police in Sharpeville, South Africa opened fire and who were peacefully demonstrating the announcement
by the apartheid African National Congress to begin an anti-pass campaign.
In the nearby Western Cape township of Langa, the people attacked the police, burnt municipal offices, cut telephone wires and blocked roads. A two
week general strike in Cape Town was met by police violence.
Philip Kgosana of the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), the group which encouraged the initial demonstration, led a 30,000 man march in protest of the
police violence.
The police tricked Kgosana into sending the protesters home. He was arrested and charged with incitement.
A week after the violence began, the government banned the ANC and the PAC. The regime declared a state of emergency and rounded up its opponents, mainly members of the Congress Alliance, but also including PAC members,
The liberation movement had been deprived of the ability to operate legally, and many came to the conclusion that it was impossible to attain liberation by non-violent means alone.
To commemorate the police suppression of March 21,   in 1966 the proclaimed that day the
if now
-The equity office handled 25 complaints of racism at UBC in
the past year
-First Nations people were not allowed to vote until 1960
-Blacks were excluded from public schools by the Halifax City
John Pampallis
Foundations of the New South Africa
Council (1870) and denied burial in a Nova Scotia cemetery
through a bylaw (1907)
-The Exclusion Act prohibited entry of Chinese into BC from
-Under the War Measures Act (1942), Japanese males aged
19 to 45 were relocated to camps and their property confiscated; later the Act included all Japanese immigrants and
Canadians of Japanese descent
source: UBC Equity Office
compiled by Douglas Quan
A set of mistaken assumptions, opinions, and actions resulting from the
belief that one group is inherently
superior to another. Racism refers not
only to social attitudes towards ethno-
cultural minority groups, but also to
social structures and actions that limit,
exclude, discriminate against, and
oppress such individuals and groups.
Racism may be present in organizational and institutional structures and
programs, as well as in the attitudes
and behaviour of individuals.
Refers to the unique characteristics
that all persons possess that distinguish us as individuals and that identify a group or groups. Diversity by definition implies difference, and
although humans are diverse as individuals, the term refers to differences
between culturally defined groups.
Diversity transcends concepts of culture, ethnicity, class, gender, religion,
sexual orientation, and (dis)ability.
Diversity is also used to refer to any
group that is culturally heterogeneous.
Colour Connected cries for freedom Through the musical looking glass
by Ronald Nurwisah
On Friday, March 6th representatives from
many ethnicities attended a conference organised by the UBC club, Colour Connected Against
Racism. Entitled Cry Freedom: Allying
Ourselves, the conference was a series of panels, presentations aad discussions on racism
and other topics that affect people of colour.
Gurpreet Johal, a member of Colour Connected
and a speaker at the conference, thought the
theme of allying ourselves was represented by
the first panel. "Each one [of the speakers] was
of a different ethnicity, but each one talked
about the issue of First Nations and how settlers, irnrnigrants who were not of this country,
allied themselves in respect to this issue".
The theme of allying ourselves also appeared
in the performances and the presentations
which were put on. Allan Dutton of the The
Canadian Anti-Racist Research Education
Society discussed hate groups. He believed that
the media downplayed anti-racist groups by portraying them as insignificant, "these people are
well connected, well financed; they have international connections."
The second and final panel of the conference
dealt with the topic of representation on campus. The wide variety of speakers discussed not
only the problems facing people of colour, but
also talked about the successes and solutions to
these problems.
Kevin Hewitt, a member of the Association
for Students of African Descent at SFU and a
speaker on the second panel, talked about 'exorcising' the 'ghost of racism' from academia and
also mentioned the importance of unity in the
struggle against racism. "This call for unity is
never ending, for we should never become com-
medial Irfaga
" 1
music will mean the concert will be well attended. "There
has been a marked increase in interest in Chinese music in
by Ronald Nurwisah
Somewhere deep in the Asian Centre, the sound of music alien
to ears familiar with a Beethoven symphony or a Rolling Stones
album can be heard. This is where both the Chinese and
GamelaH Ensembles practice.
Not only will the music be foreign, but the instruments showcased in the Chinese ensemble performance will also be unfamiliar to many students. There is the erhu, literally translated as
'two-strings.' It is essentially a Chinese fiddle or violin that produces a mellower and richer sound than its Western counterparts. More obscure is the sheng, a mouth organ which looks like
a cross between pan pipes and a harmonica, but sounds more
like the latter.
Inside the Centre the ensemble is preparing several pieces
Friday 21
CallPardeep® 660.2315
Call E. Kaeillis @ 299.4808
Saturday 21
placent," he said.
When asked about the difficulties of getting
speakers for the conference, Gurpreet Singh
replied, "Everybody here was more than willing
to participate." Singh added, "there was a point
in time that we had more than enough performers and speakers."
Singh's only complaint about the conference
related to the attendance. He said he thought the
size of the audience was adequate, but could
have been better. "This issue is so relevant, so
prominent to every person on campus' life, no
one can say that this doesn't relate to them at
all— it does to every single person on every single level," Singh said.
Colour Connected is planning to have another conference next year. "What we have to do is
work on it maybe a little bit earlier, so we can
fine tune the details if we want to get more
speakers," Singh said.*!* /
Call Cathy or Donna @ 502.6320
Call Thanh @ 803.0172 or 830.0171
Call Val Cavers @ 435.0323
Call E.Kaellis @ 299.4808
that range from traditional, or 'silk bamboo' music that originates from the Shanghai area, to Chinese chamber music that
can be most often heard in tea houses.
Chinese music is very different from Western music. Alan
Thrasher, the director of the Chinese Ensemble, explains the difference: "The musical systems are very different in that Chinese
music has minimal use of harmony; the Chinese system is not a
harmonic system as is the Western system. In absence of that
they use other styles of melodic enrichment. The music is complicated in its own way by the use of simultaneous improvisation,
for example."
Thrasher is hopeful that a growing interest in noitWestern
CHINESE EMSERffiBLE practicing at the Asian Centre for
their April 1st concert, featuring a variety of traditional
Chinese instruments, tara westover photos
the last 15 years," he explained.
When asked about the differences that set the
Chinese ensemble apart from other UBC music ensembles, Thrasher cited that the ensemble recruits new
members annually. "We have to start usually every year
fresh, with new people coming in who never have seen
these instruments before. I think it's a tribute to their
musicianship that they can achieve a certain high standard within about six months," he says.
The same situation occurs with the Gamelan ensemble. "These people come to this class never having
touched these instruments," says Michael Tenzer,
director of the Balinese Gamelan ensemble.
Balinese Gamelan is a musical form that originated
on the island of Bali. It is a collection of bronze percussion instruments, ranging from xylophone-like instruments to giant gongs. Michael Tenzer describes it as "the
mirror image of the Western orchestra in Asian culture".
"It is among the most complex and technically difficult music
in the world. Granted, we're not playing the equivalent of a
Mahler symphony, but to anybody who's interested in music it's
like looking through a looking glass," Tenzer added.
Balinese Gamelan too, has been transported from its traditional roots with around 300 Gamelan ensembles outside of
Indonesia. But perhaps what is most amazing about the Gamelan
ensemble is how the instrument is taught. The GameUm is a
highly traditional instrument, with the music passed down from
Bitter-Sweet Tea
Strange this paradox:
The fear that we will assimilate too well,
Sharing the bed with the demand that we should assimilate.
A tolerant and open nation.
Says the Minister of Heritage and Multicultural Affairs,
While the Federal prisons built by the nation's governors.
Overflow with Canada's First Peoples,
Less criminals, than prisoners of social and political inequality.
I ponder the paradox as I sip
the brown sweet tea from my cup.
Brown, like the skin of the beautiful, young
Tea-picker on the colourful tea box.
Realizing upon reflection that this exotic, smiling maiden
Is really a haggard, overworked mother of three
Picking in her thirteenth hour of the day,    ,
I sip the tea once more,
It is no longer so sweet.
I wonder as I browse through the magazine
Thinking of the South Asian "Princess" once again,
About South Asian Canadians in Canada,
The paradox rears its glaring head again,
"Visible Minorities," somewhat of a misnomer you might think
When they are everything but visible..
Sure you will see "visible minorities" now and again
They will be mopping the lobby floor of the Four Seasons
They will be driving the UPS van
They will be on the city outskirts
Or running the tiny corner store just off E. Hastings and Cambie.
i Frown in frustration as I search for page forty-three,
Thumbing through as many advertisements to find it.
One catches my eye, it could not but do just that,
She is beautiful, a dark cream caramel complexion, young
Her smile is seductive, incongruous with her infantile innocence,
There is something else out of place though, unnatural...! look harder.
The obvious dawns on me: her eyes are blue, her hair is straight,
Strange in a black woman of African descent
Her penetrating ghost-like invitingly eyes fixate on mine,
They match the Givenchy cologne bottle,
A man's perfume; what then is she...a bonus?
Tills paradoxically whitened black woman
White but for the brownness of her skin.
I find the article I was looking for
I do not feel like reading anymore
My mind is disturbed; a lot of thought this morning.
i reach for the cereal
Almost overfilling my bowl as I lose myself in thought again.
Confounded advertising I think,
as the spandex-dad Jane Fonda-like athlete on the box,
Exhorts me to "Eat Special K, One bowl Everyday,"
As if! will begin to look like her if I do
It is because of this type of media barrage
That women struggle under the "Tyranny of Slenderness,"
I decide to buy generic Branfiakes next time.
I leave the house and set off for work,
I resist the temptation to run the red light, even though 1 am late.
Resist...that's the word I have been looking for,
Why don't women resist against the social prescriptions of society,
To constantly perform, to look good?
Why don't minorities resist marginalization, exploitation?
Why don't ...why, why, why?
Too many question; too few answers,
!t seems that the harshness of a regimen does not guarantee its rejection
Especially in a society that projects the regimen as necessary and inevitable
Resistance is not easy against systemic and entrenched inequality.
The representation of "Other" is constructed with deep foundation,
it will take much time, much resolve, much change.
To erode the walls of this edifice of exploitation and ignorance,
It will not be easy to challenge and prevail against the Paradox
Worthwhile struggles though, seldom are.
—Robert Matiru
4th year International Relations Major
generation to generation.
"There are composers for this music like they have in Western
music, except they don't write their music down on score. They
just have it in their heads and they teach it part-by-part to each
person in the ensemble," Tenzer elaborated.
Both the Chinese and Balinese Gamelan ensembles will be
performing along with a Vietnamese and Korean music ensemble on April 1 at the Recital Hall. The concert will be a great introduction Asian music—a dramatically different musical form,
Witji its own history and traditions* _:'-. THE U8YSSEY • HBOAY, MARCH-*), 1997
Trying to break free from racism
 by Emmanuel Adjei-Achampong
As an individual, I have experienced three forms
of racism: individual, institutional and cultural
racism. Individual racism is characterised by discriminatory behaviour and attitudes on the part
of individuals. My experiences with individual
racism range from intimidation, false police
detainment, suspicion, name calling and being
denied employment.
The second form of racism that I have experienced is called cultural racism. Cultural racism is
characterised by the perpetuation of discriminatory racist practices by justifying these practices
with cultural beliefs and values. In my life, the
fact that I am perceived as a mischievous character justifies the negative treatment that I receive
such as being denied employment.
The final form of racism is that I have experienced is institutional racism. Institutional racism
is characterised by the conscious or unconscious
practices, procedures and policies of various
Canadian institutions to afford advantages to certain so-called racial group(s) and at the same time
disadvantaging others.
Institutional,, racism, which in my view is the
most detrimental form of racism, is best manifested in Canada's human service industries.
Canada's human service industries are designed
to serve the interests of all citizens of Canada.
However, Canada is a democratic country, and in
this democracy, it seems that only the interests of
the majority are best served. Thus in Canada, the
majority of the population who have been conditioned to think that they belong to a "white" race
mainly have their interests fulfilled while the
other socially constructed races are by and large
My first realisation of institutional racism
occured in high school. I noticed that throughout
high school there were not any existing classes
that encouraged "racial" diversity and a semi-ethnic diverse school. Furthermore, I came to the
realisation that some teachers who were supposed to offer equal treatment to all students
were more friendly, consciously or unconsciously, to the Euro-Canadian students. In my view, I
felt that these few teachers and students shared
the same mentality about being "white",  and
thereby shared a special connection.
My second realisation of institutional racism
occurred when my family went to seek aid from a
human service agency. My family was referred to
an African-Canadian social worker with the
implicit presupposition that
African-Canadians were a different breed from other Canadians,
and only African-Canadians can
fully understand other African-
Canadians. Even though this
assertion may seem reasonable
at first glance, the characterisation of African-Canadians as one
uniform group without accounting for cultural differences among
African-Canadians, racially stereotypes this policy; and thus makes it
Institutional racism also inflicted
my mother with its venom. My mother
was an extremely qualified teacher in
Ghana, yet when she came to Canada,
she was indirectly told that her teaching degree was worthless and she had
to attend school again in order to re-
earn her teaching degree.
I would believe that if an individual
from Western Europe had the exact
same educational degree, the individual would probably be given an opportunity to exercise his or her teaching
abilities via an equivalence test. And a
justification would be asserted that the
Western European culture is most
similar to the Canadian culture, thus it
would be easier for someone from
Western Europe to adapt to Canada. In
this way, they justify their racism.
To put all my racist incidents into
perspective, recently talking to an
elderly man, he mentioned to me that
if the general Canadian population wanted things
to change, racism would have been eradicated a
long time ago. In support of this view, I noticed
that any individual who brings up charges of
racism is greatly scrutinised, especially by the
media. I think that this happens because
acknowledging and eliminating racism would
change the status quo and the privileged Euro-
Canadian group would lose its privileged position. If you had been privileged your entire life
would you willingly give up that privilege? It
seems the answer that I have discovered through
my many life experiences seems to be NO!
Thus, for racism to end, WE the primary vie-
f   Perspective
*-—•* ry
tims of racism must take the burden upon ourselves and change the status quo. We have nothing to lose but our chains and shackles.
PS It is going to take more than one day-March
2 lst-to eliminate racism. ♦
—Emmanuel Adjei-Achampong is a member
of Colour Connected Against Racism
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All 4th year students eligible to vote •   Free food and Bzzr for voters THE UBYSSEY « FRIDAY, MARCH 20.19«ls5
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• Congratulations to Hope Rudl, who won
a pair of Grizzlies Tix for the Mar 23 game
Student (Peer) Advisors,
In a continuing effort to increase the level of service provided by the
Faculty of Arts Academic Advising Office, the Faculty intends to hire
three to five students to serve as the first point of contact for
students attending the Academic Advising Office.
Successful applicants must be entering their third or fourth year in
the Faculty of Arts, and must have completed at least thirty credits at
UBC. All students, including international students, are encouraged to
apply, they must possess good communication skills, and be
reliable and conscientious workers. Their duties will include offering
assistance to appropriate Academic Advising Office staff, and
scheduling appointments for faculty advisors. Pre-employment
training is offered and required.
Employment will be 3 to 10 hours per week on regular shifts of 3
hours, morning or afternoon. Payment is at the rate of $12.45 per
hour. Term of employment is September 1998 to April 1999
Applications, including a resume, two letters of reference, and a
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position, must be submitted to Ms. Wendy Trigg, Associate Director,
Arts Academic Advising Office, Buchanan A201 by April 9,1998
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i        MARCH 17, 1998 • VOLUME 79 ISSUE 42
Editorial Board
Supplement Coordinators
Cynthia Lee and Ronald Nurwisah
Coordinating Editor
Joe Clark
Sarah Galashan and Chris Nuttall-Smith
Richelle Rae
Wolf Depner
Jamie Woods
Richard Lam
Federico Barahona
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia. It
is published every Tuesday and Friday by
The Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically run
student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University of
British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in The
Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey
Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the
expressed, written permission of The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be
checked when submissions are dropped off
at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given
to letters and perspectives over freestyles
unless the latter is time senstitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run until the identity of the
writer has been verified.
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building.
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301 fax: (604) 822-9279
Business Office
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
fax: (604) 822-1658
Business Manager
Fernie Pereira
Ad Sales
Stephanie Keane
Ad Design
Afshin Mehin
Yesterday was sports night at the Ubyssey.    Fun and
ezciteme galore with Sarah Galashan as head of the disc
team. Chris NuttaH Smith and Douglas Quan played ultimate too, but they had to stop because they made too
many trips to the Gallery along the way. John Zaozimy
and Federico Barahona weren't interested in sports, so
they decided to pout in the corner instead. Ron Nurwisah. :
Cynthia Lee and Dale Lum were playing football in the \
SUB halhvay.  But when Jamie Woods took a turn throw- '.
ing the ball, things went horribly wrong As Ron dove to *
catch it he took a fatal dive down the stairs landing in |
front of Pie R where Penny Cholmondeley. Tara Westover, ?
Holly Kim and Frances Lee were having a slice.   Well \
spare you the blood and guts.   Richelle Rae was playing "i
soccer with Joe Clark and Jeff Bell, but when it started to \
rain they decided to play board games inside. Todd Silver \
went on a solo mission jogging and we haven't heard from '
him since.   Shalene Takara, Michelle Lee and Nyranne I
Martin went biking in the endowment lands and later ;
hooked up with Graeme Williams and Gurpreet Singh to I
go dancing at the Pit afterwards.    Robert Matiru and :
Emmanuel Adier-Achampong decided that Sega is as good
a sport as any and so Victoria Scott and Bruce Arthur
joined in, seeing as they were feeling pretty buy. To pull
the group together nicety. Wolf Depner and Richard Lam
were the travelling cheerleaders and sported mini-skirts i
around all night |
Jury still out on Pacific Games
Just when we thought we'd heard enough
about APEC, our university is in the middle
of considering a proposal to hold another
large-scale international event — the third
Pacific Games. In the spirit of the administration's claim that they want to encourage
consultation with the student body, the
Ubyssey has put together a list of issues we
feel should be brought to the table.
There are a lot of things UBC stands to
gain from holding this event. These include
upgraded sports facilities, buildings and student residences, employment for students
and a chance for them to play an active role
in planning and hosting an international
sporting event.
And wouldn't it be great if the games
brought transportation improvements, like
oh, say maybe an LRT? Furthermore, what
better way to prove to the Olympic
Committee that Vancouver can host the 2010
Olympics than by holding a comparable
event like the Pacific Games, involving over
3,000 athletes representing over 40 countries?
It sounds good on paper. Yet it might be
wise to think back to the recent public relations nightmare that UBC endured after the
APEC conference. The university may reap
many benefits, but there are just as many
potential drawbacks.
There's the disruption of summer classes
and the plugging up of an already limited
amount of parking space. Those who remember trying to park during Another Roadside
Attraction might start tearing out their hair
at the thought of reliving that nightmare.
UBC must be conscious of any possible hid
den costs and negative environmental
impacts. And on a campus still stinging from
the APEC pepper sprayings, how would students feel about another large-scale security
operation on campus?
There is also, of course, the matter of the
corporate sponsor on campus. Companies
would be pumping a lot of money into the
games and the university. But that also
means more billboards and less space free of
ads. Will an upgraded pool translate into a
'Coca Cola Swimming Pool*? No doubt, the
Pacific Games would have a direct effect on
the lives of UBC students.
It seems the administration has learned a
lesson from APEC, and has ensured that the
campus community will be consulted. This is
a chance for the University to put its money
where its mouth is.«>
Taking another look at racism
Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
What is racism? When most people hear the
word, they think of dumb racist jokes, epithets or pathetic, semi-comprehensible messages scrawled on the inside of washroom
stalls. (What is it with washroom messages,
anyway? I think when people relegate their
own writing to the toilet they pretty
much admit that it's not poignant
political commentary—it's a cry for
help.) From my experience, most
people assume that as long as they
don't participate in these visible
forms of racism, then they are not
perpetuating racism.
But racism takes many forms. Jokes and
bathroom vandalism are overt forms. These
are obvious, crude, and relatively easy to
stop. For these reasons, they are also the
least harmful.
Racism of the more serious variety, that
which causes detriment to a person's social,
mental, economic and even physical well-
being, is not confined to the individual but is
ingrained within society. Structural racism
occurs when a dominant culture becomes
the reference point, the "normal standard."
Structural racism is perpetuated in language,
the media, education, societal values and
personal beliefs. Because it is obscured
under "normal" cultural standards, structural racism usually passes invisibly. It can
range from the mundane to the genocidal. A
few examples:
English classes are considered an important part of your education, unless English
is your second language, in which case it's a
drain on taxpayer's money.
Large   houses   are   called   "mansions"
unless they are inhabited by Orientals, in
which case they are "monster houses."
Crimes by youths are caused by "violent
teens" unless they are Oriental, in which case
it's an "Asian gang."
If you are of European heritage, you can
assume that you will learn about your history, art, science, and literature in school.
If you are white, you are never asked if
you can speak English.
If you are white, you generally never have
to explain what country you're from.
Black is considered an ethnicity but white
is not.
The life expectancy of First Nations peoples is several years shorter than the average.
First Nations people are vastly overrepre-
sented in the prison system.
White people are vastly overrepresented
in the fashion industry.
If you are white (and male) you generally
never have to worry if your salary is on par
with your co-workers.
If a white person expresses her opinion,
she is generally not assumed to be speaking
for all white people. Nor is it assumed that all
white people share the same opinion.
What is problematic is that conscious
attempts to correct systemic racism are often
labelled as "reverse discrimination". Most
commonly, this label is used to describe affirmative action or multiculturahsm as being
racist against whites. In our society, "reverse
discrimination" is a myth. This is not to say
that people of colour themselves are not
capable of perpetuating racism. But when
society is inherently unequal, affirmative
action and multiculturalism only seek to correct existing inequalities.
Unfortunately,  people  often  see  anti-
"structural racism is
perpetuated in language,
the media, education,
societal values and
personal beliefs."
racism as also being anti-white. (This is the
same line of thought that assumes feminism
is also anti-male.) But when racism is identified, those who systematically benefit from it
do have the obligation to consciously fight
against it. This means rooting out the language, images, and beliefs that perpetuate
systemic racism, and thoroughly stomping
them into the ground wherever they may
hide. So, when whites hear the word racism,
there is no need for defensiveness; instead
they can be allies in the struggle.♦
Dale Lam is a staff writer at the Ubyssey TH£u8YssEY »ma$KJmFmjB,
byjt/ictoria Scott
(   Perspective v
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Good people wanted
THE     GOOD     PERSON     OF
Frederick Wood Theatre
until April 4
by Ronald Nurwisah
1998 marks the centennial of the
birth of Bertolt Brecht, arguably
one of the most important
European playwrights of the 20th
century. Appropriately enough one
of the final UBC theatre productions of 1998 is one of Brecht's
parable plays, The Good Person of
The story begins in the slums of
Setzuan. Wang, a humble water
seller, is visited by three gods in
search of a good person and a
night's lodging. Wang, rejected by
everyone else, turns to Shen Te, a
good hearted prostitute who in
return for her hospitality is lifted
out of poverty by the gods. But as
soon as she hits upon good fortune
she is plagued by her ex-landlords,
poverty stricken shop owners and
their respective relatives. Like
locusts on a field of crops, they
threaten to erase all that she has
received from the gods. The well
meaning Shen Te cannot simply
turn these people away, and to save
herself she is forced to disguise herself as her cold and ruthless cousin
Shui Ta. Her situation forces Shen Te
to face another dilemma: to marry
for money or for love.
The Good Person of Setzuan is
not just a simple play about love. It
deals with poverty, human nature
and ultimately the existence of goodness and virtue in each of us.
Fortunately, the play did not lose
much of its depth of meaning or
sense of humour—what it lost was its
musicality, most likely a result of the
translation from Brecht's native
ZOOT SUIT Moya O'Connel, here as Shui Ta, headlines a snazzy UBC production.
German to English.
Many members of the cast performed excellently in their roles.
Moya O'Connel switched from the
virtuous Shen Te to the cold, calculating Shui Ta with the greatest of
ease. Michael Schultz, who played
Yang Sun, was also quite strong in
his role as Shen Te's wretched and
self-obsessed love interest
Humour came in many forms
throughout the play. Most notable
were the three gods, played by Cam
Cronin, Aaron Johnston and Emily
Holmes. Although initially serious
and intent on their search for a good
person, by the end of the play the
three gods were almost hilarious.
One scene saw the gods in a rickshaw, bemoaning their inability to
find a good person, one of them with
a flask of liquor in his hand.
Peter Wilson's comic timing also
left many with a stitch in their side.
His role as both Wang, the water
seller and Yang Sun's mother were
hilarious. His performance was
aided and often accentuated by
music, such as Wang's 'buy my
water song'.
In the end, I left The Good
Person of Setzuan feeling no sense of
resolution. This play is not simply a
parable about the goodness of
humanity. There's no moral teaching at the end of it, no precept you
can take away with which to lead a
better life. The play leaves you feeling rather ambivalent—almost unsure, but also hopeful. Hopeful, that
there are good people out there, and
that we haven't found them yet
The play was well done. The good
actors, interesting sets and costumes made the play easy to watch,
while Brecht's writing and wit made
the play a pleasure to the ears. The
Good Person of Setzuan is a great
way for UBC Theatre to end this
already successful year.*>
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Forward your resume to: Farideh Morrison-District
Manager, The UCS Group, Calgary International
Airport, Box 115, Calgary, Alberta T2E 6W5.


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