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UBC Publications

The Summer Ubyssey Aug 27, 1992

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Array C?T T«« Tt«li'lJ>       ___a_       Mam
The serene Nitobe Memorial Gardens will be bulldozed in October. UBC Campus Planning and Development invites your comments and
suggestions for the upcoming renovations August 30-September 8. Classifieds 822-3978
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August 27,1992 N E W S/FEATURES
* fy n * i »*'***      **
Japanese Canadians concerned
about future of Nitobe Gardens
by Yukio Kurahashi
A major cultural heritage site
on campusis being threatened with
whatthe university administration
calls "restoration."
One million dollars will be
spent renovating the Nitobe Memorial Garden beginning this October.
Opened in 1960, the garden is
to many Japanese Canadians a
symbol of their recovery from the
horrors of internment by the Canadian government and of their
reacceptance by Canadian society.
Because of Nitobe Garden's
cultural and historical significance
there is widespread feeling that
the university administration has
excluded Japanese Canadians from
the decision-making process.
"We ... feel affronted by the
manner in which our concemshave
been handled and by the
University's apparentindifterence
to the views and wishes of
Vancouver's Japanese community," said Hiro Okusa, vice-
president ofthe Vancouver Japanese Gardeners'Association whose
founding members volunteered
services to raise funds and help
build the original garden.
"It is our opinion that this
project has been mishandled from
its inception and that there has
been no meaningful public participation," he said in a letter to
UBC president Strangway.
Daniel Birch, UBC vice-
president academic and provost
could not be reached for comment
at press time.
Maurice Copithorne, chair of
the Nitobe Memorial Garden Advisory Council, with whom the
Gardeners' Association has been
corresponding, similarly could not
be reached.
Peter Kubotani, president of
the Japanese Canadian Citizens
Association, echoed Okusa's concerns.
"[The Japanese Canadian
community] has not been asked for
input concerning the proposed
renovations;" he said in a letter to
UBC president David Strangway.
The Japa* ; » Gardners' Association "[has] not re .^ ved serious consideration of response," said
Kubotani, also in a letter to
Strangway, although they have
"presented many legitimate concerns to those in charge of the
renovations since the beginning of
the year."
Toshiaki Masuno, a landscape
architect from Japan, was contracted by the university to direct
the renovations. In his report, he
states the main reasons for the
project: "The University established a committee of the garden
with assistance of Japanese-Canadian gardeners, and made efforts
to keep the garden in good shape.
Despite this fact,
the garden became rough and
Okusa, who
has taken time off
work to act as
chair of the
Nitobe Garden
Committee for
the Gardeners'
agreed that some
restoration work
was in order.
"I wonder if
there's ever been
enough maintenance crew or
money for the
garden," he said.
"Ifs not because we gardeners didn't have
the ability to look
after it. We found
[Mr. Masuno's]
comment very insulting."
"In [Masuno's] report it
looks like we
don't have the
ability and that is
wrong," he said.
Mooney, acting
design advi sor for
the project and
assistant professor of plant science and landscape architecture, acknowledged the concerns ofthe Japanese community.
"Many people have strong attachments to the garden and are
very concerned that the quality
and concept ofthe original garden
not be negated in this process," he
But he also stressed the importance ofthe time constraints
imposed on the proposed renovations: "We've been pushing to expedite the project to get it done on
budget and on time to meet the
completion date," he said.
"One ofthe terms ofthe funding is that the project must be
completed within the fiscal year—
and this means the end of March."
Suzanne Poohkay, development manager of campus planning
and development was unavailable
for comment.
Half of the $1 million raised
Do xsii soo anything wrong with this picture? The university does,
for the restoration was raisedfrom
the Japanese government and the
Konwakai, an association of Japanese businesses. This amount was
matched by the BC government as
part of a comprehensive plan to
match private sector donations to
UBC for capital and endowment
Eileen Mcintosh, in charge of
. fundraising for campus development and external affairs, could
not be reached at press time.
Okusa expressed dissatisfaction with the extreme speed at
which the proceedings have been
forced ahead by the university, and
also with the lack of response from
the university to the many letters
of concern the Gardeners' Association has sent.
"We sent a comment on the
garden report [by
Masuno] on April
24th, , but they
haven't re
sponded to us so
far. This is the
end of August.
"There's no excuse," he said.
"If time is limited, they should
have responded
That Masuno
was hired as
landscape architect for this restoration projectis
also a matter of
According to
Mooney, "The
university carefully examined
the work and credential s of Mr.
Masuno before
we hired him."
Masuno served
as visiting professor of landscape architecture at UBC in
1987, and worked
closely with
"If you really
want to do something authentic,
you must hire a
very high grade
designer from
Japan," Mooney
"The more one
knows about the
subtleties and the lengthy tradition of Japanese gardens, we realize that the expertise doesn't exist
in someone outside the culture,"
he said.
"We wanted someone who not
only was in the Japanese culture
but had demonstrated experience
in Japanese gardens," Mooney sai d.
Okusa was perturbed with the
"I don'tbelieve they did enough
research on that matter.
"Also, they should have contacted the successors of [the original landscape architect] Dr.
Kannosuke Mori, Mr. Mamoru
Mori," he said.
"[Mr. Mamoru Mori] is an expert landscape architect specializing in this area and very knowledgeable of professor [Kannosuke]
Mori's work.
"So far, Mr. Mori hasnt been
contacted by UBC yet."
Although Mooney maintains
that the project is a restoration
respecting the original design,
Okusa disagreed.
"Our concern with the proposed restoration can be simply
stated," he said.
"It is a radical departure from
the original design and concept of
Professor Mori.
"It is our view that what Mr.
Masuno is contemplating is not
the restoration ofthe art of Professor Mori but a reconstruction that
ignores the Professors' philosophical traditions."
Okusa added, "This disrespect
would not be tolerated in Japan
and we are extremely disappointed
that it appears to be acceptable to
the university."
Mooney pointed out that the
drawings will be displayed at the
UBC botanical gardens between
August 30 and September 8 with
all interested parties from the
public and the university invited
to make written comments.
"At the end ofthe review process these comments are to be incorporated into the revision ofthe
drawing," Mooney said. The review will be conducted by the
Nitobe Garden Advisory Panel
which has been in place for about
twenty years.
Okusa expressed further concern about the review process itself, and about representation on
the advisory panel: "Who is going
to verify the contract?"
He said the Gardeners' Association is asking for appropriate
representation of the Japanese
Canadian community on the advisory council for the restoration
Nitobe Memorial Garden is
named after Dr. Inazo Nitobe, a
Japanese diplomatand scholar. He
died in Vancouver in 1933 while
"working for better understanding
between Japan and Canada and
addressing public meetings in the
interest of peace," in the words of
past UBC president Norman
Canadian Federation of Students: activists plot strategy
by Frances Foran
The group who helped
freeze tuition fees this year is
already heating up new campaigns to reduce students' financial burdens and to address
the growing threat to student
Jaquie Best, Canadian
Federation of Students-BC
chair, said they will make student union autonomy a major
campaign this fall, partly because ofthe confrontations the
Simon Fraser Student Society
has faced with the university
administration and anti-union
According to Best, the SFU
administration used pending
court cases by two SFU students disputing mandatory
student society fees to suggest
the university should not have to
collect fees on behalf of the student society.
"We want to make sure that
boards of governors don't have
the right to interfere with student unions," said CFS provincial organizer Dave Kapelle.
"As soon as they lose their
autonomy, student unions can't
challenge their boards of governors."
Kapelle said the CFS is currently working to find legal
means to acquire student society
autonomy beyond the provincial
Societies Act, which is under
dispute in the SFU case.
Best said the student societies at UVic and Emily Carr have
been under fire from their administrations this year. A similar situation to Simon Fraser's
occured at Langara this spring,
when administrators tried to
make fee collection contingent
on an audit of the student society.
"We'd like to see the autonomy of student unions set out
clearly in legislation and a
guarantee of fee collection," said
Best. "Ifs as simple as that."
"If students have a choice
whether to pay or not pay student fees, you may not see the
student organizing we need to
make sure that fees don't go up,
and students will end up paying
more in the long run if there's no
organization fighting for adequate student aid and lower
tuition fees," Best said.
Getting student reps on college boards, as they are on university boards, will beone aspect
ofthe autonomy drive, Best said.
"It used to be that more than
half of the governors were elected
through school boards, but during the time ofthe Socreds they
reduced the proportion... Nowifs
all government appointees."
Best said despite the tuition
freeze which the CFS made an
NDP election issue last fall, this
academic year will be tough, especially for those seeking student aid because of record student -unemployment. Between 20
to 40 per cent of students did not
find summer jobs, which are a
precondition for getting financial assistance.
Moreover, the province did
not compensate schools for the
tuition freeze, leavingindividual
institutions to impose their own
tuition increases of as much as
five times the rate of inflation.
The dismal job market
warrants the continuation of
the "freeze the fees" campaign,
said Best. "We need to see some
sort of provincial regulation of
fees so that tuition levels are
set in the context of other factors like financial aid and funding levels, and ideally, moving
to zero tuition fees," Best said.
Other campaigns will also
be launched at the national
level. An awareness campaign
of First Nations education issues and a speakers' series will
"de-celebrate" the discovery of
Columbus in north arnerica.
The CFS has said it will
fight to make accessible and
affordable education key issues
in the upcoming federal
August 27,1992
Tewksbury: swimming in gold
The sky was unbelievably clear, not a
cloud in sight, as I sipped complimentary beverages in the warm
Vancouver sun.
I was high above the water on the back
deck of an 88-foot yacht slowly swaying mt: it's hard
back and forth on its mooring behind the J^JJJJ^ ^
Westin Bayshore Hotel. I checked my by nature a lot
watch as I pinched myself: yes it was
Friday August 14, 1992, 1:04 pm.
more efficient, but it's a long
time coming. It's sort oflike
beating your head against a
KK: What are the differences between a Canadian
and an American Olympic
and relax?
MT: I'm just a normal guy.
I like to go see movies, and I
like to go out for dinner, and
do very simple things, I'm a
very simple person. I have a
lot of close friends and I en-
by Kerry Kotlarchuk
Just days before, the Big
Brothers Organization had
asked me if my little brother
Quinn and I would like to
attend this Investors Group
sailing, featuring Olympic
gold medalist and Olympic
record setting swimmer,
Mark Tewksbury. I thought
about the proposal as a vivid
picture instantly arrived at
my cerebral cortex; this is
the back-stroking machine
that stole the hearts of Canadians in a come-from-be-
hind victory at the Barcelona
Wow, did he look excited!
On the podium, as the
Canadian National Anthem
squeaked out of the economical speakers, the look
in his face said it all.
It was a look like I had
never seen before, of sheer
pride and exhilaration. The
look of someone overcoming
all their fears and frustrations in the most attended
arena in the world, the
Olympic Games.
"Hello....hello, are you
there T Yes I answered,
yes, I would love to go, 111
call Quinn and make sure he
too can attend.
All of a sudden all was
quiet, HE was now on board.
With the presence of an aging dignitary, his long strides
gracefully brought him into
the middle of the adoring
group. HE was immediately
swallowed by the beast in a
blur of handshakes and admiration. I would wait until
the time was right, until the
feeding frenzy had subsided,
then timidly approach him
for some curt questions.
But he ate the crowd up
instead, I saw him licking
his lips as the last gold-digger left his side. They all left
looking much better for the
whole affair. Everyone
smiled as they talked excitedly about receiving their
fifteen minutes of fame that
Andy Warhol had indeed
He sat alone on the upper deck ofthe stately yacht
when I approached him:
Kerry Kotlarchuk (KK)
Mark Tewksbury (MT)
KK: Mark, when did you
start swimming?
MT: I started 16 years ago,
I was eight years old, and I
started in Calgary.
KK: Is there a special someone who inspired you from
that age, or more recently?
MT: Well, it was more the
whole Olympics; I was eight
when the 1976 Olympics
were on in Canada, and I
just found the whole event
so incredible that I wanted
to be a part of it. Swimming
happened to fare very well
that year so I started in a
swimming program.
KK: Did you and your camp
believe the gold medal was a
MT: Yes and no. I was just
trying to do the best I could
and it turned out on the day
I really thought that that
would be enough to win it,
and    it  	
KK: After winning the
gold was
there a
first person you
of,   was  	
there someone who came to
mind right away you wished
to share this experience
MT: Not immediately. I
think at first it was more of
a shock, it really took a long
time to sink in that I had
won the gold medal.
KK: How do you feel about
substances? This year in
particular at Barcelona
there were claims that the
Chinese women's swimming
team were using such substances. Do you have any
comments on this?
MT: Well, it would probably be different if I had lost
and I felt that someone had
cheated. In my event I believe that it is fairly clean,
[or] very clean. I don't worry
about it. It's frustrating that
it's evident, and Fm really
trying to push for blood testing instead of urine testing;
I think that would be much
more outspoken than the
Canadians and
you certainly
know when the
Americans are
there. Canadians tend to be
very proud but
a little bit quieter about it.
KK: I've heard
people say, in
the past, that
for example, a
bronze medal
for a Canadian
...on a marketing level,
a silver or bronze isn't
worth alot, but I'm sure
if you asked the athletes
a silver or bronze is
worth everything. Just
to get on that podium is
so great.
athlete is
highly regarded, and
your gold
achievement is of course
outstanding, but for the
Americans a silver or bronze
in some cases isn't good
MT: You have to look at
everything; it's not fair to
compare Canada to America.
the population alone,
we're not the
same two
Yes, we border each
other, but
that doesn't
matter. Our
        medal count
is always
significantly lower, of course,
than America because ofthe
numbers, so they win a lot
more golds, so you're right.
On a marketing level a silver or a bronze isn't worth a
lot, but I'm sure that if you
asked the athletes, a silver
or bronze is worth everything. Just to get on that
podium is so great.
KK: Did the Canadians get
voted the most friendly team
at Barcelona? Are you familiar with this claim?
MT: I'm not sure, we're usually very well-respected and
very well-liked, so it wouldn't
surprise me. I would imagine the Spanish would be
voted the most popular team
in the Olympics.
KK: So you are 24 years old;
where were you born?
MT: Calgary. I'm a born
and bred Calgarian.
KK: What do you do, Mark
Tewksbury, to really unwind
joy working hard, and resting, and relaxing, and
spending time with friends.
My life is very simple.
KK: What is your favorite
kind of music?
MT: I have a real eclectic
taste in everything from
music to movies to clothes. I
like anything from Guns &
Roses to classical to Aretha
Franklin to Madonna. I'm
very easy to please, so I really have an eclectic taste.
Country is maybe not my
most favorite. I like a few
country singers but for the
most part I stay away from
KK: Do you have a favorite
TV sport you like to watch?
MT: I don't watch a lot of
TV. I'm really busy with
training and appearances
and stuff, so I don't spend
very much time watching
TV. If I do watch, I love
watching tennis.
KK: If Canada ceased to
exist, who would you swim
for? What is your ancestry?
MT: Nothing major. I don't
know who I would swim for,
good question. I would probably swim for someone like
Australia because I wouldn't
mind living there.
KK: How do you feel about
the Eric Lindros affair?
MT:   I would prefer not to
KK:  With more and more
professionals entering the
what is the
fate of amateurism?
MT:    Well, I
don't   know.
That's a good
will certainly
stay amateur
for a long, long
time. Even my
making money
off of speaking
and endorsements is really
getting away
from so called
"pure    amateurism."    I
think       it's
healthy    for
sport   [amateurism]  we
put lot of hours
in. I do think
that if we have the professionals in the Olympics that
we must focus not only on
them, but on all the athletes
who are there.
KK: Are you going to take
some time off your schedule
for a hiatus so to speak?
MT: Eventually I sure will.
Some time for me to rethink
KK: Do you have any goals
in the near future you wish
to attain?
MT: I haven't really had
time to think in all honesty,
Kerry, it's been very, very
busy and when the time
comes that I take some time
off, Fll enjoy the moment and
relive the Olympics a little
bit and decide where to go
from there.
KK:  How do you like your
coffee, Mark Tewksbury?
MT: I don't like coffee. How's
that? I don't drink it.
KK: Have you heard of Tim
MT: Never.
KK:    Thanks very much
Mark Tewksbury, all of
Canada applauds you.
MT:   Thank you.
I was high.
August 27,1992 '/AWt^-fys'yt,;;, -,, ,  ;   > i,     sis»>V>,,  'iW,;,/   t',$,„,'„,;'>i^ , ,"i/sfsfsz,, •.ffgrs^j. wy# v/*vjs/s/,%*,<//*,/,,//, '/&,s',s,'t/'/s,«//,tf//sy,„A $«*tv*&i>&A is ,   ',„?!>///,?;', '/svst}% ' ', W,     ,f f*vrf h tf/sW"/,/,'',
Swimmer sets sights on gold
by Lillian Au
While the sight of the deep
end may make some non-swimmers seasick and head for the
medicine cabinet for a bottle of
gravol, Yvette Michel has no cause
for concern.
For the twenty-seven year old
swimmer and mother, who was
born blind, swimming has been a
source of freedom, pride, and tremendous personal achievement.
Michel, who was born with
retina plastgoma, has held the
number-one position in the world
among visually-impaired swimmers in the 100 metre freestyle for
the past ten years. She is also the
current world record holder in the
100 metre backstroke and 200
metre individual medley for the
visually impaired.
Next week, Michel will make
her fourth and probably final
Olympic appearance at the 1992
Paralympic Games in Barcelona.
A national blind swim-team member since 1980, Michel plans to
hang up her towel after competing
at this year's ninth Paralympics.
According to the veteran
swimmer, who has been training
for the Barcelona games at Percy
Norman pool in Vancouver's east
end, she has never considered her
blindness a deterent to her goals.
Rather, her biggest obstacles have
been the lack of publifc recognition
and of financial support from the
Michel says she feels left out
and disappointed that disabled
swimmers have not received any
public recognition for their efforts.
"Even getting afew seconds of
airtime on TV once inawhile would
be nice," she said. Despite the lack
of attention, she said, "Nothing
can take away from the good feeling I get when I win a gold medal."
Michel, who is unemployed
and is on a disability pension, received $875 from B.C. carding
which is about the same amount
able-bodied athletes receive.
Thatis small change compared
to the thousands of dollars that
able-bodied swimmers like Olym
pic gold medalist, Mark Tewksbury
commands from corporate sponsors such as the Investors Group.
"Its not even enough to join a
swim club which, on average, costs
between $1,200 to $1,500," Michel
Under the athletes'assistance
program, which is referred to as
carding, elite athletes like Michel
are ranked in terms of eligibility
requirements for funding by both
the provincial and federal governments.
According to the swimmer,
securing funding at the national
carding level is much more difficult for disabled athletes. Because
the criteria for national carding is
so strict, and the amount of funds
available to disabled swimmers is
so limited, athletes such as Michel,
despite having won four gold medals and two silver medals at the
1988 Seoul Paralympics, are left
Unable to find any private
sponsors to help her get to
Barcelona, Michel eventually had
to borrow almost $1,300 from B.C.
Blind Sports and Recreation -a
provincial organization which
helps blind athletes finance competitions.
"Unfortunately, there hasn't
been as much money directed to
Canadian swimmers, especially
disabled ones, as in the past,"
Michel said.
According to Gerry Yorke of
B.C. Blind Sports and Recreation,
itis extremely difficult for disabled
athletes to secure private sponsors.
"Disabled sports don't appear
as glamorous as able-bodied sports,
and in the case of swimming, their
times are much slower as compared to those clocked by able-
bodied swimmers. However, in
some disabled sports, such as judo,
disabled athletes are highly competitive with able-bodied athletes,"
Yorke said.
Accompanying Michel to
Barcelonais Lynn Desjardins, who
will act as one of two "tappers" on
the Canadian blind swim team. As
a tapper, Desjardins stands at the
end ofthe pool and taps Michel on
the head, shoulder, or hand with
what looks like a single pull-buoy
attached to a pole, just before the
swimmer reaches the wall.
The placement and timing of
the tap must be synchronized perfectly with the swimmer's stroke.
"The timing is crucial. If I tap her
too early, she won't get enough of a
push when she executes her turn.
If Fm late, shell cruise right into
the wall," Desjardins said.
Michel said, "In competition
you're expected to surpass your
normal speeds so I can't rely on
counting my strokes to judge when
I will hit the wall."
In her favourite event, the 100
metre freestyle, Michel clocks
about one minute and eleven seconds. Top ranked able-bodied
swimmers like American Janet
Evans average around 50 to 55
seconds, according to Michel. In
Michel's case, seconds add up when
she veers off-course, and in having
to rely on her tapper to know when
to execute her turn at the wall.
A large part of Michel's training is devoted to developing a
smooth "cadence" or rhythm. In
order to maintain a straight
course, Michel must try to exert an
equal proportion of force in her
limbs. For example, if her right
arm is stronger than her left arm,
Michel will tend to swim off course.
According to Desjardins, if an
able-bodied swimmer like Mark
Tewksbury were blind-folded, he'd
have a tough time catching up to
Michel, who swims incredibly
In order to prevent cheating
among competitors, completely
blind swimmers like Michel, who
has no light perception, wear black
opaque goggles. While all athletes
are examined by Paralympic doctors, some countries have tried to
sneak in partially-blind competitor s in B1 races which are designed
exclusively for completely blind
Michel, who learned to swim
at age six, says she took.to the
water like a duck. "I didn't have to
depend on someone to take me
somewhere. I wasn't inhibited by
the water. Swimming gave me a
sense of freedom which I couldn't
find on land," Michel recalls.
Although Michel admires able-
bodied swimmers like Elaine Tanner, Mark Spitz, and Alex
Baumann, she wishes there had
been disabled swimmer role models when she was younger.
When asked whether she ever
thought of herself as a source of
inspiration for other blind swim
mers following in her footsteps,
Michel replied, "I guess it would
make me feel good inside if it did
Michel will be competing in
six events at the Barcelona
Paralympic Games, which are
scheduled to run from September
3 to 14. She is favoured to win the
gold medal in the 50 and 100 metre
freestyle, the 100 metre breast-
stroke, and the 100 metre back-.
stroke. She hopes to place in the
top three in the 4 x 100 freestyle
and the 4 x 100 medley relay.
Cycle team off to
Paralympic Games
Paula Wellings
A 70 kilometer ride through
the hills of Spain awaits Patrick
York and Sue Drinnan, two Vancouver members of the Canadian
Paralympic Cycle team.
will fly to Barcelona to participate
in the blind tandem cycling event
of tiie ninth Paralympic Games.
Their race is on September 12.
York will also be participating
in the team cycle event on September 16, where each team of three
tandem bikes travels 60 kilometres
together, racing against the clock.
The Paralympic Games has
invited 91 countries to participate,
and will be hosted at the Barcelona
Olympic village.
Yorkand Drinnan first started
training for the Paralympics 15
months ago. This year's racing
season has taken them to many
competitions including the US National Tandem Championships,
where they met up with a US
Paralympic Tandem Cycle team.
York and Drinnan train about
four times weekly, putting in
maximum distances of 130 miles
per ride.
In order to qualify for the
Paralymics, the tandem duo had
to have a time close to the
Paralymic tandem worldrecord for
40 kilometres, currently 40
kilometres in 59 minutes.
York's best time for 10 miles
tandem cycling is 22 minutes, 49
While York and Drinnan have
only been working together on tandem for 15 months, they both have
a long history of training behind
York first became involved in
the Paralympic Games in 1976,
when visually impaired athletes
were first included in the Games.
"My sister was an Olympic
athlete, and so in '75 we, the sport
association, well we didnt have a
sport association then, we just inquired if the blind were going to be
invited to the Paralympics of '76.
In March of'76 we found out yes we
were, and so the only thing we
could go on was natural ability. We
didn't really have time to train and
so that's why I got hooked, completely. I was in seven events.
Everything from wrestling, to
swimming, to shotput, to discus, to
high jump, to 1500 meters [race],"
York said.
Since 1976, York has partici-
. pated in every Paralymic Games,
winning medals in many events—
In 1980 York swam and ran, in
1984 he ran, in 1988 he ran, and
now, for 1992, he is cycling.
"In 15 years you get addicted,
you want to do everything. When
you have the opportunity offered
to you, and you've got the time, you
want to to everything," York said.
York has changed sports
throughout the 15 years in order to
maintain a high level of performance.
For the mixed blind tandem
cycle, York will be riding "stoker"
behind Drinnan, who will be riding
Drinnan, a research project
coordinator in cardiology at the
UBC hospital, also comes from a
highly athletic background.
Shehas cycled bothin the 1984
and in the 1985 Tour de France, in
1984 placing 12th. As well,
Drinnan has been involved in ski
mountaineering, downhill and
cross country skiing.
Before becoming involved in
tandem racing, Drinnan worked
with disabled skiers.
The BC Blind Sports and
Recreation association has fund-
raised for the majority of York and
Drinnan's trip, but each is paying
about $1,300 to attend the games:
Drinnan said anyone interested in becoming involved in blind
tandem cyclingcanleaveamessage
forher at 737-3034, BC BlindSport
and Recreation.
"We always need captains for
Pat, because the only time he can
get on a bike is when he has a
captain. So if he wants to do anything on the bike he has to have a
captain, otherwise he ends up
coming up short on his training.
Where with me, I just jump on my
bike and train.," Drinnan said.
Two very excited cyclists prepare for Barcelona.
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Prince wins out as usual
by Beck Bishop and Martin
FREEDOM is an elusive
thing that people struggle to
achieve, rarely gain, and when
they do, are quick to run from.
Freedom means responsibility
for yourself, and that's never
In Enchanted April, four
women travel to Italy to live for a
month in a castle and discover
their own freedoms, whether
they realise it or not.
Enchanted April
August 28 to September 3
Park Theatre
Lottie Wilkins (Josie
Lawrence) is escaping an
unloving, controlling husband
and a dull, middle-class life. The
pious Rose Arbuthnot walks
away from her indifferent, porno-
writing husband while seeking to
escape her suffocating life.
Neither ofthe women feel loved
or wanted in their London lives.
Lottie and Rose hook up
with Lady Caroline Dester (Polly
Walker), who is tortured by
being beautiful and popular
(Tve wasted so much time being
beautiful"), and the aging Mrs.
Fisher (Joan Plowright) who is
desperately.livingin the past
("All of my dead friends don't
seem worth reading tonight")-
Each woman finds her
freedom, but each is also quite
willing to throw it away. Free
from male-dominated lives, they
are happy and bold. In each
other they find what they are
missing in their lives at home—
love, confidence and kindness.
But for some unexplainable
reason, Rose and Lottie welcome
their husbands back, and
Caroline needs a new man. Only
Mrs. Fisher, (she is not given a
first name and only refers to
herself by her dead husband's
name) does not enter into a
relationship, but that is a result
of a socially-imposed asexuahty
in old age.
True, there is an attempt to
try to explain this change. The
"magic'' ofthe castle changes
everyone so that the dead weight
(men), who arrive on demand
halfway through the film, are
suddenly wonderful, lovable
human beings (a challenge to
swallow, yes). None ofthe
changes are initiated by the men.
The women are made responsible
for how men treat them.
But the end of this story
(based on William Wharton's
book Midnight Clear) seems to be
that women can only be happy
when involved in monogamous,
heterosexual relationships, with
dominating males, who have the
stunning generosity to take time
out of their miserable lives to
visit sun drenched Italy.
It is beautifully shot.
But I (Beck) would have
been much happier if Rose and
Lottie ran off together. Oh well.
Maybe it was realistic.
Sigh. (Martin)
Nothing sappy about
folkie James McMurtry
by Mark Nielsen
IF youVe never heard of folk
singer James McMurtry,
there is probably a very simple
reason why—he does not let a
happy ending get in the way of a
good story.
James McMurtry
Tom Lee Music Hall
Thursday, Aug. 13,1992
Take "Angeline" for example.
Ostensibly a love song, it's about'
a drifter who falls for a farmer's
daughter, but the ensuing
marriage falls apart as the
realities oflife on the land
gradually overwhelm a man "not
meant to farm."
Or "Where's Johnny?,* about
a high school hero who goes off to
college and "got his head stuck in
a different state of mind." He sits
in the back yard reading poetry
and not talking to anyone for
Nope, the tunes of this
anger-songwriter from Texas—
who played at the Tom Lee
Music Hall on Aug. 13—could
never be called uplifting, and as
such, get little airplay.
As McMurtry says at one
point during the two hour show:
"They asked me to do a radio
song once, but I didn't ask them
how high I was supposed to
Even so, while McMurtry
has limited popular following
he's attracted the attention of
such heavyweights as John
Mellencamp, who was involved
in various ways in making of his
two albums—Too Long in the
Wasteland and Candyland.
McMurtry's material may be
bleak and despairing but it's also
compelling. And without doubt,
McMurtry has an astonishing
sense of perception.
Another example. At one
point in a song about a woman
who's endured an endless stream
of romantic disappointments she
meets a potential lover who
sends too many flowers.
"He has too much pain to
McMurtry's songs can be
called a lot of things—but
contrived isn't one of them.
by Lucho van Isschot
POSITIVE vibes filled the
Orpheum last Wednesday
as the Indigo Girls played for a
large, enthusiastic audience. And
when the Indigo Girls perform ,
their music, you really get the
sense that they are enjoying
The Indigo Girls
The Orpheum
August 19
This current concert tour is
a bit of a departure for the
Atlanta-based folk duo. They are
now touring with a full band—
including a cellist, violinist,
drummer and bass guitar player.
For the most part, the
concert showcased Amy Ray and
Emily Saliers' latest tunes, from
their new album, Rites of
I have to admit, however,
that their new songs seemed to
lack some of the passion that
characterizes their older material. But hey, maybe that's just
The Indigo Girls did play
older favourites as well—such as
Prince of Darkness, Kid Fears
and, of course, Closer to Fine—
inspiring the audience to sing
along. Most of these more
familiar tunes were done without
the backing band.
During the course ofthe
night, Ray and Saliers also took
turns performing solo numbers—
including Ray's poignant version
of Dire Straits' Romeo and Juliet.
Ray ended the show with an
equally great version of the
Dylan classic, Tangled up in
One ofthe few dampers on
the evening was the fact that
Orpheum security guys prevented people from dancing. In
fact, because ofthe Orpheum's
draconian rules, no one was even
allowed to stand up in the aisles.
The only other damper on
the evening was the cost of
tickets. Tickets cost $29.25 each!!
Need I say more?
This is the second time Tve
seen the Indigo Girls perform at
the Orpheum and I remain
convinced—the Indigo Girls
should not play there!
Otherwise, it was a fun
night out.
August 27,1992
August 27,1992
THE UBYSSEY/7 Christmas Comes Early!
Travel CUTS offers "Student Class Fares"
to take you home for the Holidays.
Book now before they are sold out!
Edmonton from $233 + tax
Winnipeg from $363 + tax
Toronto      from $378+tax
Montreal  from $398+tax
Exam troubles? ... Change your flights for just $50!
Other cities are also available. Prices subject to availability.
Visit The Student Travel Experts for full details:
* We are On the UBC Campus *
Student Union Building, Lower Level
(Next to Tortellini's)
^= ^H Canadian Universities Travel Service Limited
LtoR:   (standing) MARINA, BUD, BILL, JIM, ZAC
(kneeling) BRAD, LEO, KEVIN
JIM HANRAHAN - Roman Catholic
KEVIN HANSEN - Pentecostal
ZAC KAYE- Jewish
LEO KLOSTERMAN - Roman Catholic
BRAD NEWCOMBE - United Church
BUD RAYMOND - Anglican
MARINA SMITH - Roman Catholic
•Hewlett-Packard* & Texas Instrument Calculators
('excludes HP 48SX. HP 95LX 512K. HP 951X 1MB.
•All Pens over $10
20% OFF
•All UBC crested glassware & souvenirs*
20% OFF
('souvenirs in the Pens 8 Gift section) -
•StaedtlerTOPSTAR Hi-liter -Reg. $2.69
•Staedtler 430 Stick Pen (Box of 10)—Reg. $4.50
ONLY $2.39/BOX
•Carters Highlighter #774-Reg. 79c
ONLY 49*
•Hunt 3-Hole Punch #1548-Reg. $10.95
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•Esselte Binders
Assorted Round Ring Binders
1" Reg. $2.95 ONLY$1.99
1-1/2"Reg.$3.95 ONLY $2.99
2"Reg.$4.95 ONLY $5.49
•Receive an additional 10% OFF
the following Hewlett Packard Calculators:
HP48SX $529.95
HP95LX512K $699.95
HP95LX1MB $799.95
•All Duracell Batteries' & Recharger Units
('excludes button cells)
•Mars Micro Leads 0.5mm
(HB,F.2H.3H.4H.5,B.2BH?eg.$1.00 59<
•Staedtler POLO-Reg. $1.49 89<
•Staedtler MARSMICRO-Reg. $4.99 $.1.95
All Clothing Merchandise
15% OFF
•Visit the UBC Computer Shop for Back-to-School
specials on computer hardware & software
products. We carry brand name products from
WORDPERFECT & many more!
6200 University Boulevard
Tel 822-2665 Fax822-8592
We're open to serve you:
Mon, Tubs, Thurs, Fri: 8:30 am - 5:00 pm
Wed: 8:30 am - 8:30 pm
Sat:9:30 am - 5:00 pm
August 27v 1992 NEWS
Council bytes: student
council meeting of August 19
compiled by Frances Foran
Council appointed Leona
Adams as Walk Home Program
Volunteer Coordinator. The program should be in action by the
third week in September, offering walking accompaniment on
Wednesday, Friday and Saturday nights.
Council approved the recommendation to appoint Nindy
Duggal to Senate as the student
representative for the Faculty of
Sophia Harris was appointed
to the President's Permanent
Advisory Committee on Sexual
Harassment, until June 30,1994.
Caireen Hannert was appointed to the BC Student Assistance Program Appeals Committee for the 92/93 loan year.
Council agreed to give
$922.46 (meals and cab fare included) to Director of Finance
Billy Dobie to attend the Student Unions' Financial Representatives Conference Aug 21-
23, at the Marriott Hotel in
Ombudsperson Mike Adams
has resigned his position andwill
be replaced by Sue-Ann Mitchell
until a new Ombudsperson can
be appointed.
Sarah Wright resigned her
position as Arts Rep, citing dissatisfaction with "political division which seems to affect decision making." Council agreed to
implement Wright's advice that
factionalism on council be reduced by having new AMS reps
be debriefed on protocol and
perhaps be initiated into council
culture with a "buddy system'.
Council approved, in principle,
the film project of UBC grad
Kathy Garneau, who described
her docu-comedy as "the sort of
film you would expect to get if
you invited Woody Allen to the
UBC campus to make a documentary about sex."
The 25 minute, 16mm film
focuses on the excitement former
AMS president Kurt Preinsperg
roused among the student body
when he published "dating tips"
for men in a local newspaper.
Garneau is asking the AMS for
$5,000 to subsidize the two-year
Another film project, the
brainchild of External Affairs officer Marya McVair and former
FilmSoc director Michael
Gazetas, will be ready for public
screening by the second week in
"A Perpetual State of Consent" received a $6,500 subsidy
from the AMS and is intended to
raise awareness about date rape.
The film features Sexual Harassment officer Margaretha
Hoek and Women's Students'
officer Marsha Trew talking
about assault between scenes
dramatizing a "date rape." It will
be screened at frat houses, and
at the theatre in the student
union building.
Student representative to
the Board of Governors, Derek
Miller, said action from the
president's office has not resolved
the computer-porn issue. There
are rumours that the president's
office took the opportunity to
"eliminate" other "politically active" newsgroups along with the
controversial "alt.sex" and
"alt.bondage" from the UBC
computer network, Miller said.
Access to the "alternative"
newsgroups has been banned or
restricted on moral and not legal
grounds at the University of
Manitoba, the University of
Toronto, Simon Fraser and, most
recently, at UBC. Miljer said that
while "a lot ofthe content is not
particularly valuable," the
"alt.sex" group has "some legitimate discussions about sex."
Major changes at Computer
Services Support Centre are designed to make the centre a "cost-
recovery" ancillary service, said
a consultant at the centre. Until
the beginning of this summer
the centre provided free over-
the-phone help for anyone having
trouble with their personal computer or printer, or who wanted
access to the high-speed data
link. These services, as well as
the printers, have been eliminated. The consultant said the
plan is that by 1995, service "will
go to contract customers...you'll
have to pay for all services." The
consultant said the idea behind
implementing the user-fees is to
run the service "on a cost-recovery basis, so no money will be
taken from the university."
The man who ordered the
changes to the services, Bernard
Sheehan, vice-president of Information and Computing Systems, was on vacation and not
available for comment. AMS
president Martin Ertl will decide whether to take action after
AMS researcher, Board of Governors rep Derek Miller, turns in
his report on the matter.
The Pit Pub will be temporarily located in the SUB Ballroom—JUST DOWN THE
IN 241k—until renovations are
completed at the end of September. For forty thousand bucka-
roos ($) the new, wheelchair accessible Pit will get another
dance floor, wider washrooms
and modern, tasteful decor.
• Quality Italian dishes, barbeques,
subs and salads.
• Close to campus
• Free delivery to UBC & Point Grey
2136 Western Parkway in the Village
Open 11 am - midnight
GEOS has exciting career opportunities for motivated
individuals who are looking for something different and
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You need a bachelors' degree, but no teaching experience is necessary as we will train. Well provide the
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Our salary is competitive —
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plus incentives, a guaranteed second year raise,
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Japanese income tax is less
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Only suitable candidates will be contacted.
A float celebrating Matsqul's centennial was Just one of many from BC and Washington State that took part
in the annual P.N.E. Parade through downtown Vancouver on Saturday, August 22.
August 27,1992
THE UBYSSEY/9 New Canadians under attack
Working and studying hard, perhaps with the goal of one
day bringing parents or family to Canada to live with you,
is a goal for many students in this country. Anew law from
the Conservative government in Ottawa, however, is
smashing that dream for thousands of new Canadians. This
new legislation, called Bill C-86, severely impacts the
rights of immigrants and refugees.
At a time when the governme^'. is gearing up for a new
election, this bill is being steam * 3d through the governmental process to appease the nservative, racist sectors
of Canada. The harshest impact of the bill will be felt by
people of colour as they are the targets of this goverment's
racist policies. This bill is reminiscent of the racist immigration laws (like the head tax and one-stop laws) that used
to exist in the earlier part of this century. The changes
proposed completely violate Canada's commitment to international agreements like the Geneva Convention on
Refugees and the Convention against Torture.
Under the new law, family is defined as being only
spouse and children. Thus the extended family, which is a
valid institution for all communities of color, is not considered family. This will severely reduce the chances of parents
of permanent residents from gaining immigration. Sisters,
brothers, aunts, uncles etc. will find it practically impossible to gain residency. These definitions of family come
from a very narrow, racist point of view and completely
ignore and disrespect the multi-ethnic makeup of Canada's
The law will remove appeals to the courts for both
refugee claimants and permanent residents and the right of
judicial review will be either abolished or restricted. Thus
all decision making power is limited to the hands of a few to
use and abuse as they please.
The law makes potential immigrants inadmissible who
have never been convicted of a crime but who might have
been associated with someone who might have been involved in criminal activity. The law proposes a definition of
"terrorism" which includes anyone who might have been a
member of an organization involved in opposition to unjust
and undemocratic governments. The definition is so wide
that even Nelson Mandela, =as President of the African
National Congress (ANC), which opposes the apartheid
regime of South Africa, would not be permitted to remain in
Canada as a refugee. This would be pronouncing a death
sentence for political dissidents that face death threats in
their mother countries.
The law will abolish work permits for refugee claimants,
forcing them to seek welfare until their claim is determined.
In addition to the psychological pressures on the individuals
and their families, this will also mean p vast increase in
costs to the social welfare programs ofthe provincial governments. And for potential immigrants and refugee claimants
who currently have an application in process may be rejected by the new law.
The law gives immigration officials and airline employees such wide ranging powers of interrogation, inspection
and decision making, that abuse is inevitable.There is no
right of appeal. Immigration officials will make these decisions without a lawyer being present and without a hearing
of any kind. Airline employees will be expected to police
passengers, seize and inspect documents at their discretion,
and prevent entry of "suspected refugee claimants" to
Canada. Penalties against airlines and others who assist
refugees will be greatly increased. Immigration officials can
fingerprint, perform body and luggage searches, and use
other methods of interrogation as they please.
The bill, to be introduced into Parliament on September
21, is not far from the traditions of "multicultural
KKKanada". The founding of Canada was a racist act
in itself.
the Ubyssey August 27,1992
The Ubyssey Is published Thursdays during summer by the
Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily
those ofthe university administration, or of the sponsor. The
editorial office is Room 24 IK ofthe Student Union Building.
Editorial Department, phone 822-2301; advertising, 822-
3977; FAX 822-9279
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press
At the junction by the plinth, Lilian Au and Ellen
Pond are left breathless by the nerve of Paula
Wellings and Lucho van Isschot as they ride down the
straightaway on a tandem bicycle. Sam Green, full of
nostalgia, meets with Frances Foran and Yukie
Kurahashi and ponders the significance ofthe
egocentric prophets in the meadow. Helen
Willowbee-Price is down by the sea, drawing curlicues
in the sand while Kerry Kotlarchuk and Dave Chaney
cast their bread upon the waters. Martin Chester,
the scribe, bombasts Denise Woodley and Carla
Maftechuk with internal ramblings on the odds of
progress in the landscape. Meanwhile, back at the
ranch... Sammy and Hel's luminous toaster oven is
used as a plaything by Mark Nielson and Victor Chew
Wong. "Ooh" says Keith Leung as he has a pedicure
while Steve Chan and Siobhan Roantree doubtlessly
stand by, cameras and tripods ready.
Franc** Foran • Sam Qmn • Yuki* Kurahashi
Lucho van Isschot • Paula Wellings
Fees unfair,
and probably
Dear Dr. Strangway,
In May, I was shocked
to learn that, having paid
my summer fees just over
three weeks beyond the
deadline, I was hit with an
interest charge.
On fees of $514.31 for
summer (an exorbitant sum,
by the way, considering that
as a continuing PhD candidate I am rarely at UBC,
use few campus facilities
and consult faculty members about twice per term)
your university hit me with
interest of $7.71. On one
month's arrears, that works
out to an interest rate of 18
per cent per year.
I realize that you do not
have a student loan, so matters crucial to many UBC
students — interest rates —
are of no concern to you.
But I would have expected
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241K. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
that like many citizens you
might have picked up a
newspaper lately. If you
had, you would have noticed
that interest rates are considerably lower than what
UBC charges to its recalcitrant (or poor) students.
Last, I noticed, the prime
rate was somewhat below
per cent.
I suppose this does give
UBC a certain distinction -
- when it comes to punishing students whocan'tcough
up the money on demand,
this university takes a back
seat to no one. Even the
credit card companies' rates
don't match UBC's.
I'm writing this in late
August, aware that when
tuition falls due on 7 September once again I won't
be able to pay and that I'll
face another penalty. And
for all I know, you're charging interest on the outstanding $7.71 from May.
I don't expect this letter to sway you any.   No
doubt the decision to charge
interest on late tuition was
rationally arrived at and
duly approved by the appro-
priate rubber-stamp
wielders at every administrative level.
But I just want you to
know that I will graduate
from UBC soon. After I do,
as an alumni I expect to
receive a request to send a
cheque to UBC, my alma
mater. I hope you understand how tightly I will
crush that appeal and how
hard I will throw it at the
nearestrecycling receptacle.
If I have more good fortune
than I had when I choose
universities, at that delightful moment you will be
between me and that receptacle.
Larry Hannant
Please write
I am presently confined
at the Chippewa Temporary
Correctional Facility. And I
would be very grateful if I
could perhaps establish a
correspondence with anyone wishing to do so.
Please understand-
just because I'm in prison,
that doesn't necessarily
mean that I'm a criminal.
We all can make a mistake-
-because imperfection is due
to anyone who's not perfect.
But nothing can change a
particular situation—unless
there's a will to do so.
Is God the only one who
forgives? I hope it hasn't
been accounted presumptuous if a man of low and
humble station has ventured to have a friend.
Respectfully submitted,
Alphonso Hayed
Chippewa Temporary
Correction Facility
Kincheloe, Michigan
August 27,1992 HO T   FLA SHES
Unlearning Racism
•Wimmin only
•September 25-27
•facilitated by
AWARE at Camp
•sliding scale from $40
to $200
•access needs call by
September 14
•for info/reg. call
Celeste 251-2633 or
•sponsored by the
Unlearning Racism
Workshop Organizing
Walk for AIDS '92
Sunday, September 27,
A 10km pledge walk to
support services and
programs of the
Vancouver Persons
with AIDS Society
To pick up your registration form and pledge
books visit any
Starbucks location or
Little Sister's Book
Women to do rape
crisis work
Are you pro-woman? Do
you want to end violence
against women? Do you
want to be part of the
anti-rape movement?
Then  our  volunteer
training is for you, and
we need you to join us in
this work! The next
training   begins    on
Wednesday September
16, 1992   and runs for
eleven weeks. Wednesdays 7-10pm and Sundays llam-5pm.
for more information
please call WAVAW/
RCC at 255-6228
New Ubyssey project
A newspaper as
flexible as you are.
A new vision in
A special project.
For more info
call 253-3533
Rally for Immigrant
Proposed Immigration
Sunday, Sept.20, 2pm
Queen Elizabeth
Theatre Plaza
B.C. Coalition against Bill
C-86 Member groups include Indo-Canadian Action Committee C-86,
Vancouver Association of
Chinese Canadians, Iranian Refugee and Immigrant Council, Committee
for the Defense of Human
Rights in Peru, B.C. Committee for Human Rights
in the Philippines, Iranian
Immigrant and Refugee
Society, Roots of Resistance, Coalition United
to Fight Oppression,
Vancouver Council of
Refugees, Immigration
Lawyers of B.C. For more
information please call:
Concerned about daycare?
If you're a single parent on
campus please call Chung
Complete Hair Service, Suntanning,
Electrolysis and Waxing
20% OFF Tanning & Haircuts with this ad
(expires September 30/92)
5784 University Boulevard
1 Block from the SUB. in the village
Phone 224-1922
When your hunger just won't quit, beat it with a
Subway Club. It's loaded with ham, turkey, roast beef
and free fixin's. Look out wimpy burgers. Subway's
Club is the serious weapon against big appetites.
$1.00 OFF
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ON THE VILLAGE)   Offw Expires: Sept. 4/92 Valid at this location only 10 am - 2 am
Hours |
Mon/TWThu/Sun: m
10 »m-Midnite ■
Wed/Frl/Sat: ■
Psychology 100
Psychology 100
Chemistry 110, 120&208
Geology 105 & 125
Geography 101
Oceanography 310
Nursing 334
Pharmacy 401
Intro to Psychology
General Chemistry
Physical Geology
Modern Physical Geography
Essentials of Oceanography
Maternity and Gyne. Care
4576 West 10th Avenue (Across from Safeway)   •   Monday — Saturday: 8:00 am to 8:00 pm
August 27,1992
THE UBYSSEY/11 x    s •   NEWS    •
*    '*   * <*■** , * * *
* - / * * *   *,**     *   J* ** * <
Chilean government offers redress for past abuses
by Lucho van Isschot
The Chilean goverment
is offering redress payments to the families of
those people who died or
"were disappeared" during
the dictatorship of General
Augusto Pinochet.
In April of this year, the
Chilean Congress approved
a plan to pay a monthly
pension to victims' families.
Eligibility for the pension is determined through
an official list of names of
those who died or who disappeared.
Although it is estimated
30,000 Chileans were killed
or disappeared during the
first two years of the
Pinochet regime, only 2,279
names are on the list.
A federal commission
also investigated, but could
not reach conclusions on,
another 641 cases.
According to Julio
Cortez, a graduate student
at UBC who left Chile in
1976, the new government
under Christian Democrat
Patricio Aylwin Azocar has
been under considerable
pressure to address the issue of human rights abuses.
"Aylwin knows that if
he doesn't do anything he is
going to be criticized,"
Cortez said.
Cortez points out, however, that Aylwin was once
a supporter of Pinochet and
that, as such, he has a responsibility to address the
human rights issue.
"Let's not forget that this
guy and his bunch once applauded Pinochet. He is
partly responsible for a lot of
this stuff," Cortez said.
Pinochet's brutal regime
ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990.
Cortez, who was a political prisoner during the early
years ofthe Pinochet regime,
recognizes that many more
than the listed 2,279 people
died between 1973 and 1990.
But, he argues, it would be
unwise to test Pinochet's patience, who is still in command ofthe armed forces.
"All Chileans, including
Aylwin, are limited because
Pinochet is still chief of the
army. So any desire to go after him is unthinkable,"
Cortez said. "If you push too
far, Pinochet could do something crazy again. We don't
want to have to go through
that again—no matter what."
According to Fernando
Causiiio, Chile's Consul General in Vancouver, "This report has been rejected by the
armed forces. They say it is
not valid, biased and all that.
"They argue that there
was an internal war in Chile
at that time, and they say
that there were also many
people from the military who
were killed. They have their
own list of people in the military who were also killed."
Cortez said, "It's a very
difficult situation because,
of course, many people in
Chile are angry at what
happened—even myself.
Many of my friends were
killed and I was put in
prison—but I think that
something is better than
Pinochet came to power
on September 11, 1973,
when Chilean army and air
force troops stormed the national presidential palace in
That same day Chile's
elected socialist president,
Salvador Allende, was assassinated.
Pinochet immediately
undertook drastic measures
to crush popular opposition
to his regime. He ordered a
brutal crackdown against
leftists, labour organizers
and, indeed, all opposition
politicians. The crackdown
was orchestrated by the.
Chilean armed forces, and
by Chile's secret police in
collusion with former Nazi
colonel, Walter Rauf.
Thousands were killed,
harrassed, imprisoned and
tortured by Chile's secret
police during the seventeen
years Pinochet was in power.
Free elections were
eventually held in March of
1990, and Pinochet was deposed. The elections were
won by a broad-based coalition, fronted by Christian
Democrat candidate Aylwin.
And on April 25, 1990,
the Aylwin government
struck a federal commission
to investigate human rights
abuses committed in Chile
during the Pinochet years.
Causino said, "This commission was created very
soon after the government of
Aylwin took power in March
1990. And it was formed by
independent people from
different sectors ofthe country."
The commission is composed of eight people, including ministers of the current
goverment, former ministers
who had worked with
Allende, political analysts,
and politicians who had
worked with Pinochet. Jaime
Castillo, president of the
Chilean Human Rights
Commission, was chosen to
chair the commission.
After several months of
investigations andinquiries,
the commission submitted
recommendations to the
Chilean Congress—including a recommendation that
Chileans who lost family
during the Pinochet years be
compensated in some way.
"The [ monthly] pension
is 140,000 pesos—the
equivalent to nearly $400.
That would not be considered
much in Canadian terms.
But for our standards it is a
good pension, especially if
you consider that the minimum salary [in Chile] is now
something like 36,000 pesos [$103] per month,"
Causino said.
According to Causino,
spouses and parents are
eligible to receive this pension for life, while children
are only eligible to receive it
until they reach 25 years of
Causiiio said he does not
know if there are any Chileans in Vancouver who are
eligible for this pension, but
that he has publicized the
commission's findings in the
Chilean community.
"This is well known by
the Chilean community. But
no one has come. I can tell
you that no one [in
Vancouver] has come, up to
this moment, to obtain this
pension," Causiiio said.
"I think the payments
being offered are a gesture
by the government to tell
the people that they want,
in a way, to try to close the
wound left by this situation,"
Causino said.
But, Causiiio admitted,
money could never compensate for the loss of a family
Cortez agreed and said,
"The money is not going to
bring anybody back to life.
But at least it is being recognized that the atrocities
occurred—which is, in itself,
"We Chileans need to
concentrate on rebuilding,
on the future," Cortez said.
Open 7 Days ■********• s-srs-ss*
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laser printing
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Open Daily 11-6
Thursdays 11-9
3036 W. Broadway, Vancouver BC V6K 2H1 • 738-BOOK
Welcome (Back)
Friday, September 11,1992
beginning at 3:30 pm
Lutheran Campus Centre
5885 University Blvd.
Sponsored by
Lutheran Campus Ministry
Lutheran Student Movement
Progressive Eyewear Inc.
Under the Soft Rock Cafe
1919 West 4th
(B.C. Transit from UBC U
Powell) (#4 UBC Return)
Daily Wear Soft Contacts
$59.00 with Solutions
Extended Wear Soft Contacts
$139.00 with Solutions
Above items ffee wrm pufchase
of complete eyeglasses
i.e. frames and lenses
Disposable Contacts
$35.00 PER BOX (6 LENSES)
Professional Cleamng
Sports goggles & glasses
Colour Opaque
contact lenses
Eye Exams arranged.
Will work out student payment plan. Just bring your student card.
• Above prices are not combined with student saver prices.
August 27,1992


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