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The Ubyssey Nov 1, 1979

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Array Vol. LXII, No. 22
Vancouver, B.C. Thursday, November 1,1979
228-2301
— ron burnett photo
M — I — C, SEE YOU real soon's sister Minnie looks up from work to smile for admiring fans. Food services administration, finally giving in to students' opinion of cafeteria as Mickey Mouse operation, decided to dress staff to
fit image. Grinning onlooker seems impressed by cheescake show, but changed opinion after ingesting lunch. If
new uniform does not improve customer attitudes toward food, cafeteria will try giving away free chairs.
Illicit student suites saved
Vancouver city council decided
Tuesday afternoon to shelve a
report that could have resulted in
many students being evicted from
their homes.
The report, written by the city's
department of permits and licences,
would lift a 1974 moratorium on
800 illegal suites in the Vancouver
area, subjecting them to city housing by-laws.
But zoning department
spokesman Roger Hebert said a city
council committee, will now review
the situation and could change the
whole policy towards illegal suites.
Dave Johnson, UBC off campus
housing director, said students live
in many of the currently exempt illegal dwellings. He said a real problem would result if the by-law exempting illegal suites from housing
by-laws was lifted.
If the report were implemented
students would have to ask their
landlord to declare the suite illegal
and then apply for a hardship permit in order to prevent eviction, if a
complaint were registered. (A student can apply for a hardship permit and remain in the dwelling for
reasons of physical handicap,
health or income.
But Johnson said many landlords
would stop renting instead of
declaring their suites illegal, reducing the number of suites and aggravating an already critical housing shortage.
"It would upset a lot of
landlords. Some would rather not
rent than go through the process."
But Hebert said the recommendation was made to try and equalize
zoning regulations in the city. He
said it is unfair to exempt 800 illegal
suites from by-law enforcement,
while forcing other illegal suites to
comply with zoning regulations.
"The report was made to get
everyone who has an illegal suite to
be treated equally," said Hebert.
Alderman Harry Rankin said the
council moved that no action be
taken on the report because, "it
would be a held of a bad time to put
pressure on people in suites."
"What it means is that it (the
report) will be ignored for the time
being. We're going to be reviewing the whole matter at a future
community services meeting," he
said.
UBC residence administrator
Mary Flores said more than 1,000
students are still on the residence
waiting list and the vacancy rate is
low.   -
"We have about half the vacancies we had last year. We don't have
many off campus housing listings
right now,"'said Flores.
SUA calls for
park report
By JULIE WHEELWRIGHT
The UBC student representative
assembly voted last night to ask the
board of governors to make regular
progress reports concerning the development of the proposed 58-acre
research park.
The SRA approved motions asking senate to forward recommendations to the board. Student senator
Anne Gardner said the proposed reports would ensure students know
what developments will occur in the
park.
Another recommendation asks
that students and other members of
the university community receive
full representation on a board of
management.
"The main problem with student
politicians is that they don't look
into issues until it's too late," said
student senator Chris Niwinski.
The third recommendation asks
that any further expansion of the
research park not take place without a full public hearing.
"Nobody has stated that it will
expand, but we're looking to the future," said Niwinski.
The recommendations clearly
state a desire to see a more open
process in any further decisions
concerning the public and research
park, said Niwinski.
But Russ Kinghorn, engineering
undergraduate society president,
said engineers expressed their support of the research park at the last
EUS meeting.
In other SRA news, student representative Bruce Armstrong said
plans for a yearbook, "Campus
Life" are proceeding. The yearbook will contain 140 pages with 24
color pages, a soft cover and will
use corporate advertising, said
Armstrong.
"It's really quite the thing," he
said.
Another motion concerning a
change in academic appeal procedures was approved and will be forwarded to senate. The motion asks
that students be allowed to review
their final exam within two weeks
of their request to see it. Currently
there are very few appeals procedures at the university, said Niwinski.
Book sale botch
steams students
By KEVIN FINNEGAN
The fate of students studying in
85 double carrels in Brock Hall will
be decided today at a hastily called
meeting.
The students are facing temporary eviction to make room for the
annual book sale to be held Nov.
19-30. Signs telling carrel occupants
to remove personal belongings from
Brock 200 by Nov. 1 were posted
late Tuesday afternoon at four hall
entrances, say students who study
there.
The students have signed a petition asking that they not be evicted.
Michael Shaw, administration
vice-president for academic development, said bookstore manager
John Hedgecock and physical plant
space director Rudy Jahelka would
meet today to try to find alternatives.
Hedgecock said that Erich Vogt,
administration vice-president for
student and faculty affairs, told
him last spring that the space would
be available. He said it was "rather
a shock" to find out about the controversy.
"I just heard about it and I still
haven't recovered," he said. "We
have a few tons of books here.
We've started the wagon rolling and
it's too late to say stop."
Students studying in Brock reacted strongly to the notice telling
them to leave. Besides the petition,
signs have appeared saying "We
won't be moved" and "Try the armories, buddies."
Re to Ihe temDorarj bcoksfor
ki this room i. BROCK 200)
m\ study canals will bt> remcwd
jaangemsit
unNOKF/9
PHASE RBvO'E
P0OC TD THi'
y-.'waie
ill VOUC PER5C
"it ACTttES
"I think they should have a book
sale, but not at the expense of students," said Murray McCartney,
who has studied in Brock for three
years. He said the eviction notice
came at an especially bad time.
"I have three midterms this
week," he said.
McCartney said he would probably move out by the deadline to
protect his belongings.
"I guess I'll have to leave because
if I don't my books will probably
end up being sold."
Shaw said he had asked physical
plant to ensure all students' belongings were protected.
Printing all moos that fit
By VERNE McDONALD
Until last year The Ubyssey was the only campus
outlet for students who wanted to farm out their
journalistic skills.
Now there's an udder contender.
A course sponsored by the B.C. Farm Writers'
Association is teaching eight undergraduate students
in agriculture how to write articles for farming journals.
According to an advertisement for the course the
agricultural students "will learn to interview people
for articles and write stories for Country Life in B.C.
— the monthly paper read by every producer in the
province!"
Ubyssey Cavalier Mermaid, a prominent B.C. milk
producer, declined to say whether she got her moos
from Country Life.
Students who enrolled in the course last year,
however, harvested some lettuce for their efforts.
Country Life accepted all submissions from the in
augural course, instructor Carol Paulson said
Wednesday.
Paulson, editor of Butter-Fat Magazine, said work
submitted by students in this year's course was not in
by Country Life's deadline and none has been
published so far. The course began Oct. 4 and will
continue until Nov. 22.
Another crop of budding agricultural journalists
can be expected next year, she said.
Ubyssey co-editor Heather Conn said Wednesday
the time was ripe for a journalism course at UBC.
"I hope the idea bears fruit," she said.
Conn said she hoped agricultural journalists could
be used to fatten the staff of The Ubyssey. "We get
too many new reporters who don't know a pig-
knuckle from a hamhock," she said.
Cohort Tom Hawthorn, The Ubyssey's other co-
editor, said he agreed. "All we get is turkeys who
produce bullshit. Maybe now we can diversify and
break new fields for planting the seed of socialist
capitalism." Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, November 1,1979
TAs run into brick wall
TORONTO (CUP) — Teaching
assistants having difficulty
negotiating contracts at two Toronto institutions think their administrations might be working in
collusion to force a bad contract on
the TAs' union.
TAs at York University and
Ryerson Polytechnical Institute
have broken off separate talks in
the last two weeks when administrations at both institutions refused to
bargain in good faith, said Michael
Michie, president of the graduate
assistants' association at York.
He said the association suspects
the administrations might be in collusion on the contract talks.
"It's possible," he said. "I'm
sure that they're conferring. I'm
sure that advice is being given."
Michie said the York and Ryerson administrations know the
fledgling union, with a total
membership of about 4,000, has a
very small strike fund and are taking a hardline bargaining stance
because they feel the TAs are in a
tight spot.
Both TA union locals have requested conciliators from the Ontario labor relations board to keep
talks from totally breaking down. If
the conciliation process is unsuccessful, the TAs will be in a legal
position to strike.
The York University attitude
towards the contract talks was
made known during the last
bargaining session when chief administration negotiator Don Mitchell said: "The union is under the
mistaken impression that
negotiating means that the university has to change its position during
negotiations."
The administration at York has
offered TAs a 5.9 per cent wage increase, well below the Canadian inflation rate of nine per cent.
Michie said cutbacks in education
funding are a contributing factor in
York's tough stand.
The York TAs are holding an information picket line at the university Wednesday to rally student support and inform them of the TAs'
contract trouble.
"The kind of things we're struggling against are the same things
that are hurting students — cutbacks, oversized classes, etc.,"
Michie said.
At Ryerson, the administration
negotiating team has refused to respond to six of the TAs' 16 proposed
contract articles. Steve McBride,
chief association contract
negotiator at Ryerson, says TAs are
definitely going to consider strike
action if progress is not made soon.
Both union locals have successfully negotiated contracts in the
past with their administrations. The
association also represents TAs at
the University of Toronto, Lake-
head   and   McMaster   Universities.
The 1979/80 A.M.S. Art Gallery
Purchasing Committee
is now being formed. If you are interested in
purchasing Art for the A.M.S., please contact the
SECRETARY OF SAC - SUB 248
before Friday, Nov. 2/79.
HAIR STYLING
FOR MEN & WOMEN
Quality Hairstyling.    Reasonable prices
ken hippert
hair company ltd.
THURS. OPEN TILL 9 p.m.
Drop In
Or Call
228-1471
5736 University Blvd.
(next to the Lucky Dollar
in the village)
MUSSOC
COMES TO
s0^s  S.U.B. °**cSs
NOV. 2nd and  9th - 12:30
S.U.B. AUDITORIUM - $1.00
AMS ART GALLERY (SUB)
is sponsoring a juried
UBC
STUDENTS SHOW
Painting Drawing
Sculpture Printmaking
Photography
November 5 to November 16
This competition is open to all UBC students. To
enter, bring your work to the gallery between
I0am-12pm, Saturday November 3.
For further info see posters at AMS Art Gallery.
Frederic Wood Theatre
OUR TOWN
By Thornton Wilder
October 26-November 3
8:00 p.m.
SPECIAL MATINEE PERFORMANCES
Tuesday, October 30 — 12:30 p.m.
Thursday, November 1 — 12:30 p.m.
Student Tickets: $2.50
BOX OFFICE * FREDERIC WOOD
THEATRE * ROOM 207
K0RRES
** MOVING AND T
SI TRANSFER LTD.
"SI
Big or
Small Jobs
Reasonable
Rates
2060 W. 10th
Vancouver
734-5535
Eve. and Holidays 732-9898
Also Garages. Basements. Yards
CLEAN-UPS Thursday, November 1,1979
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 3
Dirt pile still
plagues profs
By PETER MENYASZ
Physical plant's mountain of dirt
is becoming a mole hill, but it's a
slow process.
"It's moving slowly," plant sciences head Victor Runeckles said
Wednesday. "My field manager
said they (the department of
highways) were making a start."
Runeckles said the main concern
now is that the data collected by the
climatology station return to the
specifications set by the atmosphere
environment service.
But the slow movement of the
dirt pile that fouled up his experiments does not change things much,
Runeckles said.
"It's a bit late in the day and it
doesn't undo the damage," he said.
Runeckles said he is unsure of receiving compensation for the
money spent on the ruined experiments. But he added the agriculture
dean had sent a letter to the president's office on the matter.
Dean Warren Kitts said Wednesday he sent a letter to administration vice-president Chuck Connaghan.
"I just wanted him to have it on
record," said Kitts.
He added he wanted Connaghan
to have an official report that Runeckles' experiment had been ruined.
And he said the letter suggested the
administration discuss the matter of
compensation with Runeckles.
"I think they should discuss it,"
Kitts said. "I think it's serious
enough for that."
One experimenter whose work is
influenced by the dirt pile said Wednesday his research is continuing.
"But we're not sure how big the
effect is on our project," said associate geology professor John Hay.
Hay added the dirt pile was disappearing very slowly, but said the
amount of material and the dependence on perfect weather conditions
were likely the cause of the delays.
He said physical plant was telephoning him about every three days,
and added that he wished the pile
was gone so they wouldn't have to
keep calling.
The incident began when the provincial department of highways
dumped a large pile of dirt, destined
for road repairs, near an area where
several experiments were in progress.
The experimenters alleged the
dirt pile interfered with the accuracy of their results, ruining a
great deal of work and wasting
about $20,000 in labor and
materials.
Dirks dispute
bores students
UBC medical students do not appear overly concerned about a
teaching dispute at Vancouver
General Hospital.
They say they only care that they
get good instruction, regardless of
who is conducting clinical sessions,
a former president of the medical
undergraduate society said Wednesday.
The former president, who
declined to be identified, said
students are not worried about recent reports that medicine department head John Dirks has increased
the influence of full-time university
staff at VGH at the expense of part-
time clinical instructors.
But he admitted some of the instructors Dirks hired from outside
Vancouver were poor teachers.
"I know that he (Dirks) has
brought in some awfully good and
some awfully bad people from outside Vancouver," said the former
president.
He refused to comment on allegations that non-Vancouver doctors
are currently filling positions that
could be filled by local doctors. But
he said it is important to keep part-
time clinical instructors at VGH.
"It is very important that there
be a good mix of full-time university staff, and part-time clinical instructors.
"The current situation is a gOod
one for the part-time clinical instructors because it keeps them on
their toes. When dealing with questioning students, they must be
abreast of current methods," he
said.
The former president said he
believes that having doctors as part-
time clinical instructors provides a
good, alternative education for
medical students. He said doctors
with private practices are able to bring in some of the less usual cases
which VGH doesn't handle as
often.
— curtis long photo
FOURTH-YEAR MEDICAL STUDENT takes out frustrations by performing lobotomy on obviously unwilling
victim. "I can't stand punkinheads," the student was heard to mutter while carving pulpy innards. But really, student is furiously clawing at insides of pumpkin during home economics-sponsored pumpkin carving contest.
Thrifty home ec. students spent remainder of afternoon cooking pumpkin pies and spitting pumpkin seeds.
Trident protesters face fail
At least 21 people will te jailed
for civil disobedience after jumping
the fence at the Trident nuclear submarine base Monday in Bangor,
Wash.
Pacific Life Community
spokesman Ron Irons said Wednesday that 18 of the 103 people arrested for trespassing were repeat
offenders and three were arrested in
a high risk area.
"Those people will definitely be
doing jail time," he said.
Irons said he doesn't know what
will happen to the other protesters
who were first offenders, but added
he suspects they will receive
suspended sentences  with one to
CTV won't give away report
OTTAWA (CUP) — CTV is refusing to release
transcripts of a controversial report on foreign students despite its satisfaction with the program's accuracy, according to CTV executive Don Cameron.
This follows an earlier CTV statement to the National Union of Students that transcripts would be
made available at $10 a copy.
NUS is asking for a transcript of a W5 report called The Campus Giveaway, which stated that foreign
students were costing Canadian taxpayers millions of
dollars annually. The program also reported that
qualified Canadian students were being denied access
to universities because of an influx of foreign
students.
Cameron said CTV was not trying to prevent the
transcript's distribution, and added that a lack of
staff and facilities hampered its release.
But according to one CTV employee, the network
told staff that the transcript should not be released.
"When they say you can't release it I don't question their reasoning," the employee said.
When asked why the transcript was not being made
available, Cameron repeatedly denied that the CTV
was trying to suppress copies of the script.
"There is nothing to hide here. We're not throw-
V
ing them out on the street, but they are circulating,"
he said.
Cameron pointed to the fact that the Canadian
bureau for international education had mailed a copy
of the transcript back to CTV as evidence that the
transcript was in public hands.
When informed that the bureau had gotten its
copy from a private recording of the program, Cameron said that other copies had been returned as well.
He said that he could not name other groups which
had returned copies of the transcript because the file
was not available to him at the time.
Cameron said CTV could have handled a few requests, but received too many to deal with.
"We are not the CBC you know. We do not have
the people to do all that paperwork. If we give copies
to one we will have to give copies to them all," he
said.
NUS and the Canadian Association of University
Teachers are considering asking the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission for equal air
time to refute what they say were misrepresentations
in the original program.
Cameron said CTV is already working on a follow-
up program on foreign students to be broadcast within two months.
three years probation and community ^work service.
He said that at a June 9 protest in
Bangor, those who jumped the
fence received only one year's probation.
"It depends on who we get as a
judge."
He said protest organizers had
planned a possible second wave of
fence-climbing Tuesday because in
the past arrests did not take place
the first time. But Irons said the law
has been changed and all the
protesters who climbed the fence
were arrested Monday.
He said three protesters entered a
high risk area very near the nuclear
missiles, but said he is not sure how
they reached the area, which is
heavily guarded.
"It's a"shame that it takes things
like breaking the law to make people aware of what's going on."
More than 2,000 people, including 75 Canadians,
demonstrated at Bangor. On Sunday demonstrators met at a farm
near the base and marched up to the
fence, where they set up a "peace
conversion city."
Irons said the city was a collection of tents, booths and a stage
where displays for alternative
technologies were assembled.
Irons said the demonstration was
very successful. Organizers had anticipated a turn out of 1,000, and
were pleased when more than 2,000
showed up, he said.
Irons said he feels optimistic
about increasing public awareness
of nuclear technology. The next
demonstration at Bangor will probably be in March, when protesters
will walk from California to Bangor
over a one month period, he said.
Bom gets his lumps
TORONTO (CUP) — On Nov. 1
last year, York University secretary
Ingrid Dagis was told by her boss,
the director of the university bookstores, to bring him a cup of coffee
from the cafeteria.
Now, thanks to
board ruling, he'll
himself.
an arbitration
have to get it
Dagis, after reluctantly carrying
out her boss' request, filed a grievance through her union, the York
University staff association.
And in mid-October an arbitration board called to hear the grievance ruled that "the grievor (Dagis)
not be required to perform duties of
a personal nature not connected
with the approved operations of the
university."
The ruling also stated that the request  was   "for  the  incumbent's
own convenience and . . . not in
any way related to the affairs or the
objectives of the bookstore or the
university."
"This decision shows that sex
stereotyping can be broken down,"
said association president Lauma
Avens. "It raises men's social
awareness as well as women's."
The case was a test of strength for
a new contract clause in the association's collective agreement which
states: "If an employee is required
to perform any duties of a personal
nature not connected with the approved operations of the university,
he/she may file a grievance."
The arbitration board disagreed
with the university's argument that
a "secretary should carry out any
order given by her boss except an
order that is illegal, immoral or unconscionable." Page 4
THE    U BYSSEY
Thursday, November 1,1979
Bitter suite
Vancouver's city council is being wishy-washy again.
But, for once, students are benefitting from their vacillations.
If council decides to lift the moratorium they established in 1974
the occupants of 800 illegal suites will be out in the cold. Literally.
But city council is absolutely right. It's not fair that there are 800
illegal suites in the city immune to zoning laws while the occupants
of the city's countless other illegal suites live in fear of instant eviction.
Everyone should get the same deal. Either illegal suites are illegal, or they're not.
And the city can't very well make all illegal suites legal. The
suites don't have to conform to building or sanitary codes and the
city acts only if a complaint is lodged against the landlord.
So for the safety of the tenants, illegal suites should be precisely
what their name implies. Illegal.
A large number of illegal suites are occupied by students. With
exams to write and essays to work on, those students don't have
the time to go looking for other suites that just don't exist.
City council should closely examine this problem. There is certainly a housing shortage in Vancouver. But this should not give
landlords God-like powers over their tenants.
Students, or anyone else, should not have to live in unsanitary
conditions even if the prices are low.
So let's not bug city council about their wishy-washyness for
now. It's working to our advantage.
Biguth wazzeths
Shortus Augustus presided at the local Hallowe'en party.
Bruce Armstrong came as the $3,055 Mexican bandit. With a
nod to the ongoing debate on sexuality taking place on these
pages, a couple came in drag.
But perhaps we shouldn't go on.
The student representative assembly might accuse us of not taking them seriously.
"Just the usual. A couple bills . . . notice from the ladies' auxiliary . . . and a half dozen letters from six NDP supporters named
Nesterenko. who gave the address of an abandoned feed lot. attacking their own party policies."
THE UBYSSEY
November 1, 1979
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS or
the university administration. Member, Canadian University fress. The Ubyssey publishes Page
Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Heather Conn and Tom Hawthorn
Nuclear Awareness Day started off with a big bang in the splendid Ubyssey offices, as the staff started on their own invasion of the Pooftah front. Soon-to-
be-married chief wazz Peter Menyasz found himself deserted and waged a one-person war with himself, and the person he loves most won. Chief wired officer
Verne McDonald peppered the demilitarized PF zone with B.C. Tel anti-personnel weaponry. Heather Conn and Ross Burnett and Curtis Long and Glen San-
ford played foxhole. As they say, she's rotten to the corp but great to the army. Chris No-name went missing in action and is presumed in the dog house. Geof
Wheelwright and Julie Wheelwright dreamed of creating their own Latin American family dictatorship, but soon gave up that silly notion when they discovered
they could fly there for free just by pretending to be interested in a conference. Erica Leiren spent the better half of the war trying to figure out why they called
those funny little things dog tags, especially since dogs don't wear tags and her daddy works with Bill Bennett, so there, nyahhh. Kevin Finnegan lived out his
baseball fantasies becoming the staff's best fireman. And chief scout Tom Hawthorn went off to find that teeny little, oh-so-cute mouse.
No safety found in home ec* numbers
By CHARLES SCOTT
You'd be surprised at people's reactions
when I tell them I'm studying home
economics: theybelieve me. I often wonder
if they will.
Usually, they find it slightly unusual (only slightly) that I should be pursuing such a
course of study, but by the time I have
finished giving a plowing Account of What
it's Like to Be a Home Ec. Student, these
same folks will nod their heads and say:
"Well, that's just great, really great. I think
it's just fine for a guy to be studying
HMEC." And that's nice to hear, especially if you feel the same way.
perspectives
So, there I was last year, the only guy in
the class, and I had the unique honor of being omitted from the year's enrolment
figures published in the calendar. Some of
the more militant of my female peers felt
that I should come down with fire and
brimstone on the administration for such
an omission, but no, I didn't feel much of a
need for that. The universe bears witness to
my presence and actions, as it does yours.
There's no need to worry.
"How and why," you're wondering,
"does a man end up in HMEC?" Well, the
following is one small tale.
After several years as a gardener, I decided to return to school. But I had a problem
in that I couldn't decide what to study.
Somehow, I wanted to study psychology,
english, philosophy, biology, and a number
of other subjects, and find a way to integrate and apply them in a practical way.
But I couldn't quite put my finger on what
exactly I was looking for.
One day, however, while leafing through
the UBC calendar, I happened upon the
pages which describe the HMEC program.
"HMEC as a profession," read the description, "is concerned with the ways it can
benefit both the individual and the family .
. . " Further reading disclosed that the program included courses such^as: human
development, family resource management,
the contemporary family, parent -child relations, problems in family finance, housing
for the family, etc., not to mention all the
nutrition, textile, foods, and clothing
courses too numerous to mention. This was
it. I had finally found something that seemed to "fit the bill." My worries were over.
Well, almost over. After all, HMEC is
for women, right? Now, it doesn't say that
anywhere, but I mean . . . Nevertheless, I
assured myself that this was the age of
liberation, that I had nothing to fear, that
there probably were men studying HMEC
at UBC (there were and there are), that
there would be no problem. It didn't work.
The male ego is such an incredible creature.
I still remember that day when, while at
lunch with the guy I worked for, I tlecided
to phone the school of HMEC and resolve
my quandry: were men in HMEC a plausible reality? My friend had a good chuckle as
I-asked over the phone: "I'm sorta interested in your HMEC program and, uh,
I'm kind of wondering, y'know, if you have
ever, uh, had any men enroled out there?"
Silence. That was my answer: silence. I'd
been put on hold.
This brought what appeared to be a
general expression of unrestrained mirth
from my friend. I, on the other hand, felt
like some sacrificial goat — helpless and
vunerable, my ego naked, exposed, and tied
to a post by a dangling, coiled black rope.
Finally, an answer came. The name of one
of the male professors was given to me:
"phone him," I was told. Evidently a man-
to-man talk was in order. As if against my
will, I relayed this latest information to my
friend. Amidst the ensuing raucous
laughter, thigh-slapping, choking and
coughing, I sensed a general increase in the
general expression of mirth. I could only
stand mutely, feeling that my destiny lay in
the hands of a fate which seemed to be enjoying a bit of merriment at my expense.
But I had to go on, or I'd never hear the end
of it.
So I picked up the phone and called the
professor. Diffidently, I posed my question. "Oh, sure," came the unconcerned,
yet lively reply, "there are lots of men who
go into HMEC."
So, here I am. I decided to come and the
experience has turned out to be far more
rewarding than I had originally anticipated.
In a word, it's exciting. The various courses
and the kinds of research that are going on
here are really interesting, relevent, and exciting.
And just what is HMEC? Along the dark
and hallowed halls of the HMEC building,
this query is known as the "Ultimate Question." It is as if you had asked: "What is
the meaning of life?" (Indeed, in one sense,
it is exactly that.) Many have been the
despairing   HMEC   students   who   have
sought the answer. Just when you think you
have finally grasped it, you open your
hands to find that once again it has, like the
elusive quicksilver, escaped your grasp, to
leave you with only the all too concrete
question in your upturned palms, gazing up
at you mutely, eloquently.
As a beginning, we have a definition:
HMEC is the study of the laws, conditions,
principles, and ideals which are concerned
on the one hand with man's immediate
physical environment, and, on the other
hand, with his nature as a social being, and
is the study specially of the relation between
these two factors.
HMEC is a synthesizing discipline. Its investigations into both aspects of human existence require it to draw upon and integrate knowledge from the physical and
social sciences, the arts and humanities.
This leads me rather conveniently to
another definition: HMEC is the synergistic
study of the social, psychological, and
physical needs of human beings throughout
their life span. It is a field of study that provides the necessary knowledge for guiding
and assisting each human being toward a
more self-rewarding, fulfilled life, compatible with society.
The knowledge that the profession synthesizes from various sources, becomes,
when properly combined and applied,
synergistic in nature, giving a greater
overall perspective on human nature, as
well as its proper maintenance and enhancement.
Another unique feature of HMEC is that
the family, in its many forms, provides
focus for application of the knowledge acquired and synthesized by the profession.
All aspects of family life are considered, as
well as the reciprocal relationships between
the family system and the other systems —
social, political, and economic — of society. The family is regarded as being an integral part of a larger ecosystem.
The most recent mission statement of the
profession states: The mission of HMEC is
to enable families, both as individual units
and generally as a social institution, to build
and maintain systems of actions which lead
to a maturing in individual self-formation,
and to enlightened, cooperative participation in the critique and formulation of
social goals and' means for accomplishing
them.
The authors continue: To fulfill this mission, home economists engage in the provision of services (directly or indirectly) to
families. These services involve the solution
of problems about what to do in the areas
defined by the purpose or mission.
Hmmm. This seems like a lot more than
muffins and sewing stitches. The only comment I would make here is that, as far
reaching in its implications as this statement
is, it concerns all the activities of home
economists. From assisting the introduction
of legislation directly concerned with family
welfare, right down to baking that
blueberry muffin — and the statement provides a focus for the evaluation of these activities.
What is important is that the profession
and its members strive to remember the
reasons why they are involved, for example,
in family and household management; why
they are involved in textile, nutrition and
social research; why they teach cooking and
sewing skills; why they study the many
facets of human growth and development,
of consumer affairs, of housing and of
design; why they research, teach, practice
and counsel in these and other subject
areas. Those reasons are contained in the
mission statement.
Without this mission, without the orientation such as the mission provides, all you
have is a collection of specialties, of distinct
and diverse areas of study. But with this
mission, with the understanding that it brings, a focus is provided, synthesis is possible, allowing a holistic approach to be
adopted, and you have the field we have
come to call home economics.
It is an exciting field to be in, and I'll be
proud to be a part of it. The profession has
got something tangible to offer, both to the
person who enters it, and to those who
receive its multifarious services. It is a field
where one can (and should, I think) have
one's head in the highest clouds of
"abstract" philosophy, and at the same
time have one's feet planted firmly on the
ground, one's energies involved in the most
"nitty, gritty" affairs of everyday life. It is
a field in which, along with the functional
gifts of the hand, there is room to provide
the creative gifts of the head, and, just as
importantly, maybe even more so, the
lasting gifts of the heart.
Charles Scott is in second year Jamily
sciences. Perspectives is a column of
analysis and even utter dribble open to all
members of the university community. Thursday, November 1,1979
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 5
Sexual come-on was simply just a put-on
I had not expected to create such
a furor with my suggestion that
UBC students not patronize the
Back to Eden health food store. It
even seemed to me at the time that
since most UBC students have never
even seen the place (unless recent
controversy has made it a tourist attraction) that some might take the
suggestion lightly. It is easy to
forget, sometimes, the power that
the subject of homosexuality has to
set the hornets buzzing.
The controversy has recently
developed several ugly aspects,
which must be addressed. First
store manager Clifford Morris, who
obviously believes people are still as
gullible about gays as they were in
1952, has come up with a charge
that Goldstein, after applying for
work and being turned down, chose
that obviously opportune moment
to make a pass at him. A la
Frankenstein, yet. This is a charge
Morris has not thought to level
before. For example, during an extensive interview broadcast Oct. 4
on CFRO, Co-op radio, he made no
mention of a sexual come-on. Obviously, it is a bare-faced lie. Hearing Morris talk about "healthy
minds" is like hearing Somoza talk
about democracy.
Irene Plett's Oct. 30letter ("Gays
will never gain total acceptance") is
a typical example of the thought of
someone who has not learned the
distinction between normal and
average. Acceptance of gays by
society does not even remotely connote a decrease in heterosexuality
— at least no more than an acceptance of left-handedness as normal
behavior means a decrease in
right-handedness. Feel free to be
straight, Irene. A major reason acceptance is desirable to us is that,
while sexual acts do not have an absolute requirement for an accepting
environment, and may actually
become more exciting when they are
forbidden, the ability to form lov-
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ing relationships can be seriously
hindered by prohibition. Our position is that willingness to be
ostracized by society is an
unreasonable requirment to impose
upon a pair of people who wish to
have a relationship more enduring
than a single, easy-to-conceal sexual
event. We're sure that although
Plett herself may prefer to remain
abstinent, she can see the wisdom of
this.
Fred Banning's letter in the same
issue of The Ubyssey ("I agree —
your're wrong") shows primarily
that its author has an extremely odd
concept of "nature." If it is unnatural for me to wear clothes, is it
equally unnatural for caddis-fly larvae to wear casings made of stones
and twigs? If homosexuality is unnatural in humans, is it also so in
porpoises and more than 20 other
kinds of animals where it has been
shown to occur under normal, un-
crowded conditions?
At least Banning has the clarity
of mind to realize his own reactions
to the thought of two men "necking" (whatever the current definition of that is) together are based on
personal taste. Most people dislike
watching others becoming sexually
involved, especially when the form
of sex being contemplated is foreign
to their own personal perferences.
This sort of distaste is not
something we object to. One gets
the impression, though, that
perhaps Banning and certainly the
orange juice-drinker to whom he
was responding would even find
non-sexual expressions of affection
between gay men disgusting. This
antipathy is identical to that felt by
white South Africans against inter-
ractial affection, and is reprehensible.
R.C. Summerbell
vice-president
Gay People of UBC
/   hair studio inc.
UNISEX HAIRSTYLES
master charge
FOR APPOINTMENT
224-1922
224-9116
5784 University (next to Bank of Commerce)
Employment
Personnel from the Ministry of Labour are on campus to accept
applications for summer employment with the Provincial Government
under the provincial YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM.
Interested students should plan to attend on the following dates
between 8:30 and 4:30 p.m.
DATE
FACULTY
NOV. 5
NOV. 6
NOV. 7
NOV. 7
NOV. 8
NOV. 9
NOV. 13
NOV. 14
NOV. 15
NOV. 16
UBC
LOCATION: Room 214,
Brock Hall
Fine Arts and Library Sciences
Art History
Dance
Theatre
Graphic Design
Applied Science
Community & Regional
Engineering
Computer Science
Planning
Faculty of Arts
Architecture
History
Communications
Recreation
Journalism
Sciences
Zoology
Aquatics
Oceanography
Ecology
Fisheries
Biology
Commerce and Business
Economics
Commerce
Public Administrat
Faculty of Education
Forestry
Agriculture
Human and Social Therapy
Psychology
Social Work
Law
Child Care
Counselling
Community
Development
Province of Ministry of
British Columbia Labour
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY PROGRAMS Page 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, November 1,1979
Tween classes
TODAY
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Chinese painting workshop, noon, SUB 113.
AMNESTY UBC
Letter writing workshop, noon, SUB 212.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
General   meeting,   discussion   of   gay/lesbian
awareness week at UBC, noon, SUB 212.
MY JONG KUNG FU
Practice, 7:30 p.m., SUB 125.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Lesbian drop-in, 1:30 p.m., SUB 130.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
General meeting, noon. International House.
Soiree vin et fromage annuale, 7 p.m.. Gage
towers Mary Murrin lounge.
UBC LIBERALS
General meeting, noon, SUB 213.
Social evening with Gordon  Gibson,   Doreen
Lawsen, media, faculty and Liberal executive, 7
p.m., faculty club ballroom.
LSM
Karl Erdman of UBC physics department speaks
on Scientific education, noon, Lutheran campus
centre.
UBC DEBATING SOCIETY
Practice debate on the resolution: That the Canadian government retain ownership of economically profitable crown corporations, noon,
Buch. 204.
Supermouth organizational meeting, 1:30 p.m.,
Buch. 204.
HOME ECONOMICS
Obstacle race, noon, SUB plaza.
LSLAP
free student legal advice on debts, landlord/tenant, family and other problems, noon, SUB
111.
YOUNG ALUMNI CLUB
Live music and bar, open to fourth year and
graduate students, 8 p.m., Cecil Green park.
NDP CLUB
NDP candidate for 1979 provincial election, Jean
Swanson (Vancouver-Little Mountain) speaks on
Poverty, noon, SUB 119-
AWARDS OFFICE
Keith Gilbert will provide free information, advice
on financial aid, loans, scholarships, etc., noon,
SUB Speakeasy.
EAST INDIAN STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
General meeting, noon, SUB 224.
IVCF
Stacey Woods gives a personal history, noon,
Chem. 250.
FRIDAY
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Beginners' Mandarin class, noon, Scarfe 200.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Beer night and Rocky Horror Picture Show
movie, 6:15 p.m., SUB auditorium.
DEPARTMENT OF SLAVONIC STUDIES
Prof. Willis Konick, department of Russian and
comparative literature at Seattle's University of
Washington, will speak on the Theme of
brotherhood in late Tolstoy, noon, Buch. 2230.
Konick will give a seminar on D. H. Lawrence
and his relationship to Leo Tolstoy, 3:30 p.m.,
Buch. penthouse.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Subcommittee meetings, noon, SUB 130.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
General meeting, noon. International House
lounge.
Hot
flashes
Blank liberals
After the rocket had crashed and
almost all the passengers had died,
some bright, young scientist looked
at the burning wreckage and said,
"we can rebuild it."
Come and listen to the appeal of
political fix-it man Gordon Gibson
tonight at 7 p.m. in the faculty club
ballroom and you will find out exactly how the Western Canadian
Liberal rocket can be rebuilt. It's the
$6 million plan.
MUSSOC
Lunch   hour   variety   show,    noon,    SUB
auditorium.
UBC DEBATING SOCIETY
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
HOME ECONOMICS
UNDERGRADUATE SOCIETY
Boat races with milk, noon, SUB plaza.
Thyme to dance, featuring Jade, 7:30 p.m., SUB
ballroom.
NEWMAN CATHOLIC CENTRE
Volleyball night, 7:30 p.m., phys. ed. centre unit
2.
SUNDAY
MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY
Chinese classical songs and folk tunes, 3 p.m..
Museum of Anthropology.
EAST INDIAN STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Lectures, slides, tapes on different religions of
India, 5:30 p.m.. International House.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Hike to Garibaldi park, 9 a.m., meet at Safeway
parking lot, Broadway and MacDonald.
TUESDAY
MY JONG KUNG FU
Practice, 7:30 p.m., SUB 125.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
General meeting, noon, SU8 130.
WEDNESDAY
AQUA-SOC
General meeting, noon, Aquatic centre.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Fat is a feminist issue discussion group, noon,
SUB 130.
All Students Welcome
to discussion with
Gordon Gibson & Doreen Lawson
Faculty, Medn & Liberal Executive
Tonight 7 p.m.
Faculty Club Ballroom
Free coffee No-host bar
Sponsored by U.B.C. Liberals
LSAT
GMAT
WEEKEND REVIEW
SEMINARS
We offer for each of the LSAT and
GMAT:
• 200 page copyrighted curriculum
• 70 page Math Primer (sent to
each registrant)
• seminar-sized classes
• specialized instructors
• Guarantee: repeat the course for
no extra charge if your score is
unsatisfactory
Why not give us a call and find out how you
can really do the preparation you keep
thinking you'll get around to on your own?
National Testing Centre, Inc.
4609 West 10th Avenue,
Vancouver, B.C.  V6R 2J3
(604) 689-9000 or
call us toll free at
1-800-663-3381
CO-OPERATIVE  EDUCATION
FORESTRY & ENGINEERING
a work-study program for
Science I students planning
to enter the Faculties of Forestry
or Applied Science (Engineering).
For APPLICATIONS - Brock Hall 213
For INFORMATION - come to an INFO-SESSION on
CO-OP on THURS. Nov. 8 at 12:30 in Comp.Sci. 310.
WHO IS
C.C.C.M.?
The Ministry of:
Anglican Church
United Church
Student Christian Movement
Who Belongs: Open to those of all faiths, or of no faith, who
wish to explore meaning and action; students, faculty, friends.
Program
• Retreat Nov. 9-11 with Brian Teixeira, on Spiritual
Consciousness-and Social Actions.
• Weekly Worship Mondays 12:30, Chapel Lutheran Centre
• Process Theology Monday 8:00 p.m.
• Bible Study Friday 12:30
• Science & Religion (Grad. & Faculty)
• Women & Religion
• Wednesday Night Suppers 5:30 p.m.
For more information contact:
UBC Lutheran Campus Centre
5885 University Blvd.
224-3722
Campus Minister:
GEORGE HERMANSON
THE ROYAL BANK will be on campus
November 28th and 29th, 1979 interviewing students for our Branch Administration Officer and Consumer
Loans Officer Training Programs.
Applications should be submitted to the
Canada Manpower Centre on Campus
when arrangements can be made to attend an interview.
Interested students are also invited to
attend a Career Presentation on
November 7th at 12:30 p.m.
TH E ROYAL BAN K O F CANADA
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES: Campus — 3 tlnas, 1 day *1 JBb additional lines 3Sc.
Commercial — 3 Unas, 1 day 93.00; additional Hnea
60c. Additional days tt.TS and 48c.
Classified ada are not.acceptadby telephone and ant payable in advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m.. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room241, S.U.B.. UBC. Van., B.C. VST 1W5
5 — Coming Events
70 — Services
A DOG IS A DOG is a dog. Especially at the
first annual Zoo Sale.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
COMMUNITY SPORTS. Excellent prices for
ice skates, hockey, soccer, jogging and racquet sports equipment. 733-1612. 3615
West Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.
POSTERS, reproductions, photo blowups,
largest selection. The Grin Bin. 3209 West
Broadway, Van. 738-2311. Opposite Super
Valu.
YOUR NEAREST
MC-A-POP
STORE IS
2090 ALMA ST.
WE ACCEPT ALL EMPTIES
11 — For Sale — Private
1959 VOLVO, two door, one owner, regularly
maintained, .reliable transportation.
263-3006, Friday Eves. Only.
READING SKILLS, Reading, Comprehension, Retention and Speed. Plus Note Taking/Study Techniques. One Day Course.
Ideal for Students. 266-6119.
80 — Tutoring
TUTORING: German Language (Gisela) and
English Composition (Linda). Reasonable
rates. 731-0355.
85 — Typing
TYPING 80c per page.
Experienced typist.
873-8032.
Fast and accurate.
Phone   Gordon,
20 — Housing
FARM HOUSE to share with one other.
Clean,    cosy, 4   bedrooms,   furnished,
darkroom,   2 acres.    Female   preferred.
580-2767.
TYPING. Essays, theses, manuscripts,
including technical, equational, reports, letters, resumes. Fast accurate. Bilingual.
Clemy 324-9414.
FAST, efficient typing. Reasonable rates.
266-5053.
YEAR ROUND expert essay and thesis
typing from legible work. Phone: 738-2829
from 10:00 a.m.-9:00 p.m.
ASSIGNMENTS, reports and theses typed.
Phone Marianne 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. at
430-2314 or after 6:00 p.m.-9:00 p.m. at
438-3314.
90 - Wanted
30 — Jobs
LSAT/GMAT Teachers wanted for weekend
review course. Call 689-9000.
99 — Miscellaneous
65 — Scandals
SUPERMOUTH
SPEAKS IN NOVEMBER
WHAT'S SO BIZARRE about the Mall Book
Book Bazzar, 850 Granville? It its the P.M.
we're open, 364 days a year.
SCOOTER: Happy Nov. 3. Love, Scruffy.
INSTANT
PASSPORT
PHOTOS
Sa^^ASLtd
^^ 4538 W. 10th
224-9112 or 224-5868 r
Thursday, November 1,1979
THE   UBYSSEY
Page 7
Running ... a favorite UBC pasttime
Upcoming
TODAY
Intramurals
3 or 8 km. run, noon,
Maclnnes field
FRIDAY
Women's volleyball
UVic tournament, Victoria
Women's curling
Fiesta Daze bonspiel
North Shore Winter Club
Men's ice hockey
UBC vs. Alberta, 8 p.m.
winter sports centre
Men's volleyball
UVic tournament, Victoria
Men's basketball
UBC at Victoria
non conference game
SATURDAY
Intramurals
Snooker tournament,
10 a.m., SUB games room
Men's football
WIFL playoff
UBC at Edmonton
Men's ice hockey
UBC vs. Alberta, 8 p.m.,
winter sports centre
Men's basketball
UBC vs. G.T.C.,
8:30 p.m., mem gym
Junior varsity
UBC at Capilano College,
8:15 p.m.
Women's basketball
UBC vs. Seattle,
6:30 p.m., mem gym
Men's rugby
UBC vs. Kats, 2:30 p.m.,
Camouson park
Women's field hockey
UBC vs. JV's, 1 p.m.,
Warren field
SUNDAY
Intramurals
Snooker tournament,
10 a.m., SUB games room
Women's basketball
UBC vs. Kirb/s
1 p.m., mem gym
Women's soccer
UBC vs. Poco, 10 a.m.
Aggie grounds
Women's ice hockey  '
UBC at Coquitlam
11:15 a.m.
HOCKEY
THUNDERBIRD STYLE
UBC vs ALBERTA
FRI. & SAT. NOV. 2-3 - 8:00 P.M.
WINTER SPORTS CENTRE
STUDENTS FREE ADMISSION
If You get
Wet
parkas with
Dacron
fiberfill II
will keep You
warm
Sportcaster Ski Jackets
insulated with Dacron fiberfill II
A a, SALE PRICE •3600
f* PACK&BOOTS SHOP
n***^. 3425West Broadway.Vknoouver 738-3128 j
Somewhere between the Compu-
graphic and the camera, we lost a
correction.
You might have realized we told
you Tuesday about Barry Kokotilo
of the University of Alberta football team who went 197 yards for a
touchdown. You might realize further that would have him scaling the
south fence in Thunderbird stadium
and ending up somewhere on 16th
Avenue. We actually meant to say
he went 107 yards for a touchdown.
The following line didn't make
much sense either. It said that suddenly, we are 17. Everyone here realizes we are 23,473 and have been
for some time.
And you thought'the quarterback
messed up.
OFFICE OF THE AUDITOR GENERAL
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
CHALLENGING
AUDIT CAREERS
VICTORIA
The Office of the Auditor General of British Columbia has been established with broad authority
to carry out an independent examination of
management controls, expenditures and
revenCTes, and the accounts of the Government
and various Crown Corporations and public
bodies. A comprehensive report on the results
of these examinations will be made annually to
the Legislative Assembly.
Creation of this new organization presents career
opportunities in Victoria with unique respon-
sibiities and potential for advancement in a
growth environment.
We require students with B.Comm. (Accounting
major), or a licentiate in accounting, wishing to
register as C.A. students with the Institute of
Chartered Accountants of British Columbia, to
join the Office as Audit Assistants. Interested
students majoring in other subjects are also invited to apply.
We offer a comprehensive and attractive compensation package to successful candidates.
Interested students should contact the Manager
at the Canada Employment Centre on Campus,
telephone 228-4011, for further information.
When the ADVENT people make
a new loudspeaker ifs news.
Come in and hear about it at
—-B Commercial Electronics Ud
The new ADVENT/4 is a new high-performance
speaker system designed to supply, at low cost, the
• wide frequency range
• critically adjusted tonal
balance
'    • broad and consistent
dispersion
that make for a
lifetime of
satisfying
listening.
The Advent/4 fits easily
into cost-conscious
audio systems. This is
due to its high
efficiency, which allows
it to be well driven by •
15-20-watt receivers and
amplifiers. (And its true
8-ohm impedance
provides the best match
for their power
capabilities.)
Its frequency range
compares favorably
with that of
considerably more expensive speakers. Its
low-frequency response
comes within a half-octave (out of the ten in
the audible range) of
the very best available.
And its high-frequency
response will match any
speaker's through the
highest audible
frequencies.
Advent/4's come in
matched pairs with their
tweeters symmetrically
offset to Ihe left and
right of their woofers.
Just $286, the matched pair, at
-B Commercial Electronics Ltd
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VISA
QQ
I would like to be kepi informed of all your new stereo components. Please send me
your FREE quarterly newsletter "Creative Sound".
NAME	
ADDRESS   	
 POSTAL CODE	 Page 8
THE    U BYSSEY
Thursday, November 1,1979
Do you bank
on apartheid?
By ART KILGOUR
and DAVID ORFALD
for CANADIAN UNIVERSITY PRESS
South Africa is the chartered bank's best friend.
Like Canada, the republic of South Africa has an economy dominated by
foreign capital, and dependent on world trade for economic well-being. The
United States alone has between 250 and 400 companies operating in South
Africa. Canada's Massey-Ferguson, Alcan, Ford of Canada, Falconbridge
Mines and George Weston Ltd. all have branches in South Africa. Canada
still obtains 30 per cent of its sugar from South Africa — our trade deficit
with the republic is in the millions of dollars.
Bank loans to South Africa have been a
very important part of that country's continued stability. An April 1979 United Nations report showed that $5.5 billion in international loans went to South Africa between
1972 and 1978 inclusive.
The top five Canadian chartered banks
have all participated in loans to South Africa.
Frequent recipients are the government-
owned South African Iron and Steel Corporation, the Electricity Supply Commission
and the republic of South Africa itself.
These bank loans are crucial to South
Africa. As former president John Vorster has
stated: 'Each new trade agreement, each
bank loan, each new investment is another
brick in the wall of our continued existence'.
Moreover, South Africa's economy is not
in the best of shape. The central problem is
that the South African government, faced
with successful liberation struggles in Angola
and Mozambique, and growing resistance in
the illegally occupied Namibia, and in the
republic itself, has increased its military spending dramatically. In 1978, military spending
in South Africa accounted for 45 per cent of
the government budget, as opposed to a
'mere' 29 per cent in 1963.
This has had dire effects on the republic's
economy: the purchase of foreign arms is a
drain on their trade balance, and does
nothing to stimulate the economy in other
sectors.
It is international loans that help keep the
economy on its feet, and allow for this
military spending. Facing bankruptcy in
August 1976, the government received further loans. One of the loans granted that year
was a $200 million loan to the state owned
Electricity Supply Commission, in which
Canadian banks participated.
Shockingly, that loan allowed ESCOM to
purchase two nuclear reactors from France.
The purchase of these reactors brings South
Africa one step closer to having a complete
nuclear program that includes nuclear
weapons capacity. Andries Visser, of the
South African Atomic Energy Commission,
makes clear the importance of this capacity
to the apartheid system:
"We should have such a bomb to prevent
aggression from loud-mouthed Afro-Asiatic
states. Money is no problem, such a bomb is
available."
Canadian churches in particular have raised concern about the effect of Canadian
bank loans to South Africa:
"It is our considered opinion that bank
loans to South Africa at this time strengthen
apartheid, and back white minority rule . . .
Canadian banks have become partners in
apartheid, partners in South African
racism," Rev. Timothy Smith told Toronto's
task force on churches and corporate responsibility.
South Africa is a large country with enormous mineral resources. Relative to most
developing nations, it has a highly
sophisticated financial and technical infrastructure.
South Africa accounts for 70 per cent of
world gold production, and contains 60 per
cent of the world's known gold reserves. It
also owns 20 per cent of the world's uranium,
83 per cent of the world's platinum and 74
per cent of the world's chromium. The recent
changes in gold trade (with prices higher than
ever) and the importance of platinum (used
in the manufacture of pollution-reducing
catalytic converters) make these figures particularly impressive.
Also, South Africa is seen by the United
States as a significant country in the world
balance of power. To the U.S. South Africa
has a regional importance in stemming the
'communist tide', and in keeping southern
Africa as a whole a hinterland to be exploited
by the U.S. multinational corporations based
in South Africa.
South Africa, then, has quite a few cards
of its own to play. Thus, outside peoples and
nations are limited in the strategies they can
employ in fighting apartheid. Next to an immediate move towards a complete oil embargo to South Africa, the most effective action is probably the cessation of further bank
loans to South Africa.
A complete loan boycott would force
South Africa to alter its spending priorities
almost immediately. In 1976, international
bank loans accounted for 32 per cent of total
foreign investment. To avoid massive inflation, the government would have to cancel
some important projects, slowing the
economic growth essential for the health of
the South African economy . . . and the survival of apartheid.
Thus, much of tho international citizens
protest against apartheid has focused on ending bank loans to South Africa.
A complete loan boycott would force
South Africa to alter its spending priorities
almost immediately. In 1976, international
bank loans accounted for 32 per cent of total
foreign investment. To avoid massive inflation, the government would have to cancel
some important projects, slowing the
economic growth essential for the health of
the South African economy . . . and the survival of apartheid.
Thus, much of the international citizens
protest against apartheid has focused on ending bank loans to South Africa. The task
force on churches and corporate responsibility, (an ecumenical interchurch group) held
discussions with Canadian banks for more
than two years in an attempt to get them to
agree on a policy of 'no bank loans to South
Africa'.
Yet each of the five banks involved has
refused to endorse such a policy. (The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, The
Toronto-Dominion Bank, The Bank of Montreal, The Bank of Nova Scotia, and The
Royal Bank have all made loans to South
Africa.
The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce has had the ignorance to claim its loans
are purely business decisions into which
political factors much not enter.
The Toronto-Dominion Bank claims that
loans to South Africa liberalize and ease
apartheid. Yet this denies the past 30 years of
South African history: repression has increased dramatically, as have international
bank loans.
The Bank of Montreal points to the
statements of black South African church
'leaders' against the disinvestment campaigns. Yet closer examination reveals that
many of these 'leaders' are hand-picked puppets of the white regime. Moreover, the
government of South Africa considers any
attempt to 'discourage, hamper, deter,
and/or prevent foreign investment in the
economy of the republic' to be tantamount to
'terrorism'.
In protest, Canadian citizens are writing
letters of complaint to bank managers, and
are withdrawing, or 'disinvesting' money
from these five banks.
The withdrawal of one student's savings of
$1,000, or the withdrawal of a university ac
count from the offending banks might seem
like a small step in the face of the horrors of
South Africa's racism. Indeed, even the
refusal by a Canadian bank towards a South
African loan request would not topple the
apartheid system. A bank loan embargo will
only be completely effective if the majority of
banks participate.
What is at issue here is much more than the
domination of South Africa's black people
by its white people. The issue at the heart of
the disinvestment campaigns is one of control: the banks in which we entrust our
money are not answerable to us but only to
themselves.
We have little voice in the decisions being
made by these managers — decisions which
have dramatic effects on people's lives, and
on the economic system of the whole world.
Moreover, the chartered banks have put
themselves in the position of being indispen-
sible to society: many of our large institutions
have nowhere else to go for the services that
they require.
Thus, as one analyst put it, "the focus of
the disinvestment campaign is more domestic
and political than international and
economic'. The aim of the campaign is the
politicization of the Canadian public,
specifically the complicity of Canadian banks
in South Africa's oppression of blacks, and
the role of banks in society generally.
What is called for is clear, moral decision
against apartheid and oppression. It is a call
for all ethical persons to withdraw their
money from the chartered banks, and to
place them in the credit unions, where the
money is controlled by the customers, and 80
per cent of the money stays in the local area.
Are you banking on apartheid?
As a Canadian I find apartheid abhorrent to my
democratic sensibilities.
And, as a businessman I In fact I find these profits   I spend them as fast
see super-profits a direct so distasteful that. . . as I can!
result of that vicious system!

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