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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 8, 1991

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 •.W   *    W   V        VS.   J^    AVWVV A ' Classifieds 228-3977
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or more) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline"***) p.m., two days before publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A7, 228-3977.
05 - COMING EVENTS
UBC Gala Ball
March 23 at the Vancouver Trade and
Convention Centre. Ballroom dancingjust
like on T.V. Tickets avail, at Dance Clb 228-
3248.
SUN YOUR BUNS TS MEXICO! Priced
from $499 the most affordable and fun
package on campus conies to you from Great
West Vacations. Call Grant at 228-1624 for
more info.
BREAKTHROUGH SEMINARS presents
an evening with Dr. DavidTharp, a medical
doctor, author, counsellor, journalist and
former men tal heal th consultant to the Peace
Corps. He lives in Asia, and has given
transpcrsonal seminars in Japan, the US
and South America. This is a FREE lecture
open to the public at SUBroom212Tuesday,
March 12,7-9 I'M. This experiential evening
will deal with achieving effective results in
relationshi ps, communications and handling
s tress. Dr. Tharp is in Vancouver to present
his exciting workshop at Robson Square
Conference Centre, Vancouver March 21-
24. Student DISCOUNTS are available.
Please call Linda 737-8577 for more
information.
The Vancouver Institute
Free Public Lecture
Saturday, Mar. 9
Professor Ronald Melzack
Department of Psychology
McGill University
on
THE TRAGEDY OF NEEDLESS PAIN
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC
at 8:15 p.m.
LAST CHANCE FOR tickets to UBC Gala
Ball on March 23 at the Vancouver Trade &
Convention Centre! Call the UBC Ballroom
Dance Club 228-3248.
10-FOR SALE-
COMMERCIAL
CD's VIDEOS
CASSETTE TAPES
LASER DISCS
Best Prices
Free gift with first order (accompanied
by this ad)
WRITE TO-DAY
Sound Source Music
Dept. UBY
Suite 12-221
170 University Ave. West
Waterloo, Ontario
N2L 3E9
Satisfaction guaranteed.
No minimums; No memberships.
RENT CANTEL PAGERS! Don't miss
messages! Silent/tone alert. Group discounts
call Natalie Sneyd, Rogers Cantel. 325-
5100/667-0699
Between
Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
3:30pm. NO LATE SUBMISSIONS WILL HE ACCEPTED.
Note: "Noon"= 12:30pm.
FRIDAY, MAR. 8
Womyn's Centre. International
Womyn's Day Party! 2pm SUB
212.
School of Music. University
Chamber Singers. C. Hultberg, director. Noon, free adm. Recital
Hall. Music Bid.
Library & Archival Students
Assoc. Booksale (2nd handbooks).
9-4 pm. SUB con.
Students of Objectivism. Weekly
mtg/discussion. Noon. Scarfe 207.
Family & Nutritional Sciences
Nutrition Week. U.B.C. Nutrition
GrandPrix-fun walk/run; T-shirts
& prizes. $7.50 entrance FNSUS
office. SUB Noon Hour Run Site.
AnSo Stds Assoc. 4th Annual
Symposium. Beings at 1:30pm.
ANSO Bid. ($2.00 Admission).
Special Panel on Colonialism in
South America: "Columbus Go
MACINTOSH SE/30
2- SE/30's, 2mB with 40mB harddrive,
warranty,
extended keyboard,
software available
$3100 obo, ph, 882-6681.
9:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. weekdays
11 - FOR SALE - PRIVATE
AIRLINE TICKETS: 2 Van to Toronto.
Executive Class 1-way, April 28 or earlier,
$250 ea.-, obo, Dulcy, 925-9104.
COLOUR T.V. Remote, 14"JVCC1455Mint
condition! $175.00 (New price: $375.00)
Good Deal! Phone: 224-7461.
TOSHIBA 5-1600 laptop for sale. In
excellent condition. 80286 with 2.5 MB
Ram, 20 MB hard drive, and 3.5" 1.4 MB
floppy. EGA graphics with probably the
brightest LCD display available (10.5"
diagonal screen). Twobattery packs included
to 3+ hours use. Weight about 12 pounds.
Make best offer. Call Peter, afternoons or
evenings, 224-5383 or send FAX to 224-
7386.
NO ENERGY, ALWAYS TIRED? Feel
great now safely & naturally. 100%
guaranteed. Call now 298-9985.
APPLE 11+ computer with 5 1/4" diskdrive
and Roland PR 1111 dot-matrix printer
cheap! Offers? 261-2470 fleave mess.)
15 - FOUND
Copy card found at bus loop.
Craig - 228-5794.
25 - INSTRUCTION
GUITAR LESSONS, qualified teacher. All
styles and levels. Will travel. Call David,
736-4103.
30 - JOBS
LOOKING FOR AN ENTHUSIASTIC
individual with previous painting exp. to be
a trainer for College Pro Painters. Area -
Tsawwassen/Ladner. Wage - $8-10/hr.
Contact Michele at 732-0178.
SUMMER WORK: International Co. will
offer students $2000/mo & valuable career
experience. Forpossibleinterview,call433-
1047.
1000 NEW CANADIAN job openings -
every week. All occupations. Free
information. Jobs Canada, Box 600, 810 W.
Broadway, Vancouver, B.C. V5Z 4C9.
EARN EXTRA DOLLARS, workfromhome
p/t of f/t no door to door, no telemarketing.
Second language an asset. Will train. 290-
9642.
40 - MESSAGES
SUN YOUR BUNS IN MEXICO Trips to
Mazatlan from $499. Call Julia at 261-6884
Home: 500 Years of Resistance &
Beyond."
-SATURDAY, MAR. 9	
AnSo Students Assoc. 4th Annual
Symposium. 9am - 4:30pm Anso
Bid. ($2.00 adm.). Panel on Racism
& Sexism: "Making Links: The
Chains of Oppression from our
Department to Society."
English Students' Soc. Grad
Cruise-Postponed til further notice.
Canada Tibet Cmt. Rally & all night
vigil at Chinese consulate. Sat.
Rally noon Sat March 9. Vigil to
follow. March down Granville. Art
Gallery.
SUNDAY, MAR. 10	
International Socialists AGM plus
talks on "Fighting the Tory Offensive from the Gulf War to the
G.S.T." Noon-4:30 p.m. SUB 205.
MONDAY, MAR. 11	
Tools for Peace, Global Dev't. Centre. Abuela Speaks on Human
Rights in El Salvador & Video Presentation. Noon SUB 205.
UBCDebatingSociety. "HateLaws
Should Be Abolished." All welcome. Noon. BUCHB314.
UBC Student Counselling and Resources Ctr. Workshop:    Career
50 - RENTALS
1290 SQ. FT. of Medical/Professional office
space on West 10th near UBC. Low lease
rate. Call Ken Cantor of Colliers at 681-
4111.
60 - RIDES
Need a ride to Wisconsin or Chicago, around
April 29, can drive, share gas etc. Phone
222-1346.
70 - SERVICES
FRIENDSHIP & TRAVEL EXCHANGE,
non-academic; Australia, Canada, U.K. and
U.S. Formoreinfowrite:F.A.T.E.Program,
72 Starling Drive, Sherwood Park, Alberta
T8A 3M4.
DR. ESSAY - IMPROVE your mark.
Experienced editing and discount typing
honours Eng. Lit. Grad. 985-4209.
INCOME TAX RETURNS
872-LOVE.
. students rates. Campus/house calls.
Call Al or Nick... anytime.
75 - TRAVEL
DISCOVER CENTRAL AMERICA. Costa
Rica(SanJose)2weeks$524.00. Guatemala
(Antigua) 4 weeks $549.00. Both packages
incl. food, accom, & Spanish classes. Airfare
from $645.00 incl. 2 nights hotel, sightseeing
&breakfast. PhoneCACInc. (604)385-6054
or 1-800-553-2513.
EAST AFRICAN EDUCATIONAL
SAFARI. July 10 thru Aug. 6.
Anthropologist, Dr. Gary Tunnell from
Malaspina College will take this expedition
by truck into remote areas of Kenya looking
at wildlifebehaviourand human fossil sites.
Informal lectures by campfire include
interpretation of Kenya's rich ethnographic
heritage. Phone 1-753-3245, or 1-722-3070.
80 - TUTORING
COMPUTER LESSONS Lotus & MS-Dos.
325-3823 after 6. Experienced, Patient.
85 - TYPING
WORD PROCESSING/RESUMES.   Low
rates, fast, professional. Flexible hours.
Reports, term papers, thesis WP51. Lotus.
GST incl. Price neg. on low reports. Located
nr. city hall. Trish 873-3144.
WORD PROCESSING - Professionally
typed essays, reports, resumes, theses etc.
Excellent student rates. Call Sheila at 988-
0457.
ON CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING
Need the professional touch?... have it
done for you - you can even book ahead.
$27/hr., 6-8 double spaced pages of
normal text per hour, laser printer.
SUB lower level, across from
Tortellini's Restaurant; 228-5640.
FAST, ACCURATE,
WORDPROCESSING
By professional writer. Lazer Printed,
MLA/APA exp. Advance Bookings,
editing service.
Phone or leave message.264-9032.
(all messages returned asap!)
Reg. day rate - $2.25/per page
Rush - $3.00/per page
Overnight - $3.50/per page
ASHLEY'S BOOKS ^
PHILOSOPHY-HISTORY-
LITERATURE-ART-
MATH-MUSIC-SCIENCE
Religion-Travel-Psychology
Natural History
USED & ANTIQUARIAN
BOUGHT - APPRAISED
(No Textbooks, Magazines,
Coles Notes)
3754 W. 10th Ave.228-1180
r
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
word processing/typing. Student rates.
Dorothy Martinson 223-8346.
TYPING QUICK right by UBC all kinds
experienced $1.50/pg Db. Sp. call Rob 228-
8989. Anytime.
JUDITH FILTNESS, superior typist, APA
spec. 3206 West 38th Ave. 263-0351.
JB WORD PROCESSING... 224-2678
Fast, Accurate, reliable.    Also featuring
customer operated WP (WP & MS Word on
PC).
A &YMANUSCRIPTMasters. Standard
& Scientific texts. Style polishing. Free
grammar correction 253-0899.
TERM PAPER BLUES? Professionally
prepared. Your hard work deserves to look
itsbest. 272-4995. West-sidedrop-offavail.
C/L WORD PROCESSING SERVICES
reports, essays, resumes, fast & accurate
327-4311. 9-5pm.
QUALITY WORD PROCESSING, lazer
printer student rates. Pis call Agnes 734-
3928.
JEEVA'S OFFICE SERVICES offers fast
professional word processing at $2.50/page
ds on laser for thesis & papers. Call 876-
5333.
"\
THE
CAPTAIN
Buys/Sells
GoocMJseoMnexpensive
• Antiques   • Electronics
• Furniture   •TV's  •Stereos
• Musical Instruments
(fcLOSE TO CAMPUS)
17tfc& Dunbar    222-2775
Search Strategies. Noon. Brock
200.
School of Music UBC String
Chamber Ensembles. Noon, free
adm. Recital Hall. Music Bid.
TUESDAY. MAR. 12 _
UBC Std. Counseling and Resources Ctr. Workshop: Reducing
Test Anxiety for Int'l Students.
Noon. Brock, 200.
Tools for Peace - Global Dev. Ctr.
B. French speaks on background
to the contemporary crisis in Central America. Noon. SUB 205.
The Institute of Asian Research.
Brown Bag Seminar by Dr.
Richards: "East Asia and the Global Economy." Noon. Asian Ctr,
Seminar Rm 604.
Students of Objectivism and Inter-
Varsity Christian Fellowship.
Interclub Debate: DOES GOD
EXIST? Two members of each club
will debate. Noon. Buch A205.
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. Prayer mtg. & breakfast.
7:30am. SUB 211.
ESSAYS PAPERS TYPED
fast service.
Resumes - same day.
Tapes Transcribed.
Call 224-2310.
Also Editing.
SILKSCREENING
OYE SPORTSWEAR & DESIGN
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BARBARIAN. T-Shirts
Rugby Jerseys
PRICE INCLUDES: ' colour pnnt. garments, set
up. screen & artwork . . put' printing & fiash cure-
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•n price   .  additional colour printing by quotation.
Call: (Ask for Kenneth) 270-6348
Monday    Saturday IC am   6 pm
Open S.i!i.ni.iyr, Sur.djys Evenmgs by .iopointment
90 - WANTED
PLAY WOMEN'S RUGBY. We need you.
No experience necessary. Vancouver
Women's Team expanding. Ph. 874-8797.
PENTICTON COUPLE want to rent or
sublet at or near UBC (Acadia Park) for July
& Aug. (Summer session). Pis. call collect.
Duncan Millar 493-2731 or 492-5646 (work).
FAMILY OF 5 SEEKING accommodation
torentorsubletatornear UBC for July. Call
collect - Dave or Joanne 493-6202 evenings.
VANCOUVER
WOMEN'S
BOOKSTORE
315CambieSt.
Vancouver, B.C.
Mon -Sat 11:00-5:30 pm
684-0523
2/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991 WIMMIM'S ISSUE/SPACE
.*»
£>?
House of subversion
A women-only space in East Vancouver was recently destroyed by men.
One of the six houses on Francis Street that was occupied by squatters between
February and November in 1990 was designated as a women-only space.
Initially, there were only two houses, one of which was for women only—the
Bushwomen's squat. Two women moved in, and a third followed shortly thereafter.
by Carla Maftechuk
Ro, one ofthe occupants, had
never squatted before. "I think the
idea ofthe women-only space was
what drew me there to a large
extent.
"I had never given a lot of
thought to squatting before. As
soon as I heard about the community I was really eager to participate in it. I was in a space where I
needed the validation and support
of other women."
Throughout the duration of
the squats, as the number of occupied houses increased from two
to six, there remained only one
women-only house. There were
always more men than women in
the other houses.
Access to the house was restricted for men to one day a week.
Men were allowed into the house
on Wednesdays "if all the women
living in the squat agreed to that
particular man coming in at that
particular time. You had the right
to say' No, I don't want to deal with
men today."*
Relations with the other male
squatters were strained. "Most of
them paid lip service [to the
women-only squat], but when it
came down to it, I'd say only a
couple were really supportive. We
did have a lot of problems with the
men challenging our right to our
own space andfeelingthreatened."
"Sexism was a serious problem, right to the end. We had a few
meetings of women-only, women
from all the squats, to deal with
the sexism that we'd all encountered in this "ideal anarchist community'; we brought it back to the
men and it was slightly dealt with
and then life went on."
"The people who tended to
make use ofthe space were lesbians, because they didn't want or
need to participate in the men's
things or deal with men in the
same way that heterosexual
women did.
In the Bushwomen's squat, it
was physically safe and emotionally safe because you di dn't have to
deal with sexism. You didn't have
to deal with men's actions, reactions. It was just a really beautifully supportive environment because these women were all
struggling for the same thing."
"I feel that squatting is an
important part of creating women-
only space, because by squatting
you remove yourself and are free
from the hierarchical rent structures in male-dominated society.
It's men that own and control everything. And as women, I think to
get completely away from that, to
build our own space, to create our
own community, I think it's important to squat to make sure you've
created a free space so that you're
not part of that. I'm not just in
opposition to the patriarchy but
capitalist society."
"In July, I moved out. Soon
after that the Bushwomen's squat
was barricaded. That wasn't
agreed upon by the women that
were living in it. Afterwards, after
August, the Bushwomen's squat
didn't really exist as women-only
space. It had no facilities, it was
dark, the stairs were ripped down.
It just became like a shell of the
home that it had been."
"I see the latter part of the
squats, the time from August onwards as a very male-dominated,
machomovement that took control
of our head-space at the time. A lot
of those people were what we call
the 'barricaders'. Women did support the barricades, but it was a
really macho kind of ego-tripping
movement, I think, at the end."
"I think it was really significant that the only house that didn't
really last until the end was the
women-only space. I don't think
enough people in our community
are looking at that. It's just kind of
glossed over."
"My dream right now is to
open a women-only squat. I think
I'll do that this spring. I'm really
excited about it because it worked
v
Cat
really beautifully at Frances street
forawhile there. It can work again,
definitely—it's needed, it's essential."
"The squatting movement is
dominatedby menbecause women
tend to have more responsibilities
than men in society. Women have
children and that makes it next to
impossible to squat. Women have
concerns of safety, which men don't
have to the same extent."
"It is very scary, being in a
squat, knowing that male cops can
come into vour house at anv time
and bust you. That's really terrifying. If you live together as women,
you can support each other emotionally on that. "
"Issues of gender and of sexual
orientation just weren't seen as
central to the struggle. They should
understand that the means to the
end, the way you go about the
process is all important. No matter where you're going, if you don't
work together all the way through,
then what the fuck are you working for? And they should understand that, I mean that's part of
their politics as anarchists."
• I
* <f  *o o* af
"on, rm., tfu/ puiMrndL
id pofutCaayL.
>P   ^   -P
"The women's squat was an
alcohol and drug-free space, and
one of the women wasn't respecting that. We felt like it was really
essential to be supportive by taking a stance of no drugs and alcohol because people had problems
with these substances and wanted
to be stronger women, more empowered as individuals. We felt
that getting over an addiction was
part of that process. That's why we
took that stance." "In the women's
squat we shared everything we
had: I think that's why it was
unique, in that we were a really
cohesive group, and we shared food
and money. That's the only way I'd
want it. That's the way I want to
live. It didn't work that way in the
other squats. We worked more as a
family unit than any other squat
did."
"It was the most beautiful and
important experience of my life,
living there. But at the time I felt
like the larger issue—like all the
men were saying—of squatting was
way more important than us
challenging the issues of gender."
"I really think that we were
under the influence ofthe general
squatting community on Frances
Street, and we didn't validate our
position as women. And the men
certainly didn't. Now, it would be
different. I would make it an issue."
"I think we need to create our
own environment, to start from
scratch and just to take over a
house and say ~We have the right
to this space. You men control everything, but this is our space and
you stop here. Within these walls,
we have freedom.'"
JJ, who started the women-
only squat, had squatted several
times before, in mixed-gender
houses only.
"A lot of us saw [squatting] as
an opportunity to have homes and
also make a statement about the
housing issue. I opened up a house
of my own and created the type of
house I wanted. I decided from the
beginningit wouldbe women only.
In this situation, we got to make
the rules. It was very empowering.
It was the first time I've ever had
my own home."
"The existence ofthe women-
only house polarized the situation.
Because men didn't respect that in
the beginning, we set up this rule
that they couldn't come to our
space. We forced them to respect
our space, and that made it very
BECK BISHOP PHOTO
easy for them to make us invisible."
"In the beginning, there was a
real attempt at community. We
had really good energy happening.
The problem was, the way the
meetings went, whoever spoke
loudest and quickest and with the
most authority, spoke the longest.
So it became tense. It was definitely male-dominated."
"The men in general, were
intimidated by, or afraid of, the
women's squat. They didn't quite
know how to deal with it. For the
most part, the men just avoided it,
they avoided the issue, they
avoided the space, they avoided us
to a large extent."
"I pulled out of the mixed-
gender meetings, because of the
power dynamics and just the
machoism, and I began to take on
some of that myself."
"More women are below the
poverty line than men. The options
that they have are contingent on
who they sleep with. People can
say ~ that's not true, I don't see half
as many women on the streets as I
do men' but what are women giving up to have a roof over their
head?
"A lot of women sell their
bodies to be able to just sleep. And
I don't mean for money, I mean
saying to someone "can i stay the
night at your house,' and them
saying 'yeah, as long as you fuck
me.' And them agreeing, because
when those are your options
sometimes it's better than sleeping
in the snow."
"I think that housing is definitely a gender issue, and there is
always a need for safe space for
women. Especially when you're
homeless."
"I find it interesting that the
women-only squat was the only
one that di dn't last to the very end,
the only one that didn't make it. By
not putting in the extra effort into
supporting the women's squat, I
think that helped to perpetuate
the end."
"As far as any lasting effect, I
think it was lost to the macho impact. That's what people are going
to remember when they remember
the squats—they're going to remember the final stand, the barricades, militant police with shotguns. That's not what squatting's
all about. Squatting's about having
a home."
"I'd never squat with mixed
gender again. Never."
March 8, 1991
THE UBYSSEY/3 'ArHLEr/CFOom&iff
SHOE SALE
is coming to UBC
March 13, 14, 15
10AM-4PM
tfOfcW
Tree Planters
Buy Direct °U*fcnr
Lowest Prices Guaranteed vi*d
*r      • Rubber Caulk Boots ...*39"
• Planting Bags *64"
• Spades *29"
• Rainclothing
• Army Surplus Clothing
• Winter Underwear
• Camping Equipment     &tiLur
S*^      175 W. Hastings        177 E. Broadway
685-9925 872-7537
***IOH
******
CAPILANO
COLLEGE
Careers in the
Asia Pacific
We are looking for graduates in:
• Business Administration/Economics
• Engineering/Computer Sciences
• Arts/Agriculture/Forestry
Capilano College's two-year post-graduate
diploma program can prepare you for a career in
the Asia Pacific. The program includes: eight
months on-campus intensive language training,
and the economic, political, cultural, social and
business dynamics of the Asia Pacific; and
twelve months working in Asia with a Canadian
company or national organization involved in
Asia Pacific business. Post-degree work
experience is an asset.
Information meetings will be held at Capilano
College on Wednesday, March 13 and
Wednesday, April 24, in room M101 at 7 p.m.
The program begins September, 1991.
Preference is given to applications received by
April 30,1991.
For details and to register for an information
session, please contact the Asia Pacific
Management Co-operative Program, Capilano
College, at the address below, or phone (604)
984-4981 or FAX (604) 984-4992.
2055 Purcell Way • North Vancouver • B.C. • V7J 3H5
by Franka Cordua-von Specht
The fifty percent reduction in
one-to-one counselling services at
the UBC Office for Women Students will hurt students on campus,
according to counsellors at the
Office and women students.
"A lot of women need that
counselling," said Ellen Pond,
spokesperson for the student-run
Women's Centre. "We are talking
about women's survival. We're
talking about fewer sui ci des, fewer
breakdowns and fewer women
dropping out of school."
In December the director of
the office told the Office's four
counsellors that they would have
to slash their appointments by half .
The reductions are currently being
phased in for May.
The Office's director, Marsha
Trew, who started work in August,
said she wants the office to take on
a more activist role to create a
more welcoming environment for
women on campus, as recommended in a 1989 UBC review
committee.
"In the future [the focus ofthe
staff] will be balanced between
filling an educative function and
counselling," she said.
Though they agree that advocacy work is important, counsellors Nancy Horsman, Caren
Durante, and Penny Lusztig say
that one-to-one counselling is a
priority and should not have been
compromised.
"This is the only place on
campus where women students
have, as women, to get help and
support," said Horsman, who has
worked in the office for 18 years.
The counsellors deal with issues
that range from marriage and
custody battles to sexual abuse to
poor working conditions in the
classroom.
"I find it inappropriate that i n
a time when student fees go up,
that student services such as one-
£e>
TW^j
to-one counselling should go down.
I think students have the right to
protest this loss," Durante said.
Lusztig said that if the
university is serious aboutcreating
a safer environment for women on
campus then they should not be
cutting back in services where
women can get support.
One student whoisin the long-
term counselling at the Office fears
the reductionin appointments will
mean she'll
have to wait longer to see her
counsellor. "Ill probably have to
wait a month between sessions
instead of two weeks," she said.
The outlook is bleaker for new
students calling up for short-term
and long-term counselling. This
past Wednesday seven new students were on that waiting list.
"There's no way to tell how
long they'll have to wait," said
Trew, adding they might not get in
before the end ofthe term.
There is, however, no wait for
students who need immediate hel p,
crisis counselling. Nancy Horsman
handles the crisis counselling but,
because ofthe demand, can only
spare half-an-hour sessions.
"That's not nearly enough time for
students, and it's exhausting for
me," she said.
Trew says other types of
counselling will augment the one-
to-one but says she doesn't know
what they will be yet.
She said she's waiting for data
from women's offices in universities across Canada and the United
States.
Trew hinted that group counselling, which would help a greater
number of women, might be an
alternative.
Durante agrees that group
counselling should happen at the
office but not at the expense of one-
to-one.
"There are many issues that
come into this office on a personal
*e
m
£^y^£
/fej
level that those students would
not fit into a group counselling
situation," Durante said.
Trew said she welcomes input
from faculty and staff on the second
half of the mandate which calls for
more advocacy and "planned organizational change" on campus.
But Horsman said that when
the counsellors asked Trew to
clarfify "planned organizational
change", "we got words like:
operationalize, data base and
performance efficiency."
"Administrations (in US universities) are using"organizational
development" as a management
tool for efficient operation of the
male hierarchical, patriachal,
model for institutional efficiency,"
Horsman said.
"It appears as an alien concept
in women's office and has been a
large part of my concern for the
new "directives" and "administrative mandates" for the Office," she
said.
Equally concerned are the
women from the Women's Centre.
"We don't know what [Trew]
means with advocacy. We feel that
pushing for such things as anti-
sexism workshops for professors is
important, but we don't know if
this is what Marsha Trew means
with advocacy," Pond said. "We
haven't seen anything happen."
Pondsuggestedthatthe Office
could have lobbied for more resources from the administration to
help implement the broader mandate.
"Advocacy could mean advocating for another position that
would be hiring a woman of colour
who would be specifically helping
women of colour on campus."
Trew said the meaning ofthe
terms would be clearer once the
planningprocessnears completion.
She hopes the Office will implement the dual mandate by next
fall.
4/THE UBYSSEY
March 8, 1991 Dispelling the
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"Most people think they don't know what ecofeminism means...until through example or discussion the
connections are made. Then, very often these same people say they knew it all along."—Judith Plant
ECOFEMINISM: A RADICAL NEW MOVEMENT
OR A MODIFICATION OF OLD IDEAS?
xJ
by Kathryn Weiler
Women have traditionally allied with each other in order to
survive, according to Judith Plant,
ecofeminist and author ofthe book
Healing the Wounds.
"Historically women have
been oppressed and women have
co-operated and shared amongst
themselves because this is what
the oppressed do behind the back
of authority," Plant said.
The question of power with
regard to women and nature is one
that has been redefined by
ecofeminism. Traditional patriarchal structures of dominance must
be replaced with a more balanced
approach.
"Women must learn to assume more responsibility. Women
must learn to take leadership and
responsibility and men must learn
and practice empathy. But it's not
a question of one dominating the
other, it's a question of finding
balance," said Plant.
How are feminism and
ecology linked?
The ecological movement and
feminism must go hand-in-hand
because according to Plant women
have often been relegated to the
role of nurturers but, "we have
reached a time in our evolution
when we must insist that what we
as women have stood for and been
identified with all along be recognized and taken up by society-at-
large."
Certain female qualities must
be recogni zed for their importance
in addressing environmental issues. According to Plant, women's
attributes must be used for the
humanizing and creative elements
they provide.
But more importantly,
ecofeminism redefines the conventional question of power.
Are there different
movements within
ecofeminism?
Judith Plant lives in a community in Lillooet, British Columbia which she describes as
bioregionalist, as a community
that depends on local resources,
self-sufficiency and local government. She feels more emphasis
must be put "on human society
and its relationship to nature"
and the home and local environmental issues.
According to Plant, by engaging in holistic living whether
in the urban or rural context, one
addresses environmental issues
on a personal yet significant level.
Women's role in the reorganization of community is indispensable. "Traditionally, feminism was seen as something that
divided. Women on one side as
the good guys and men on the
other side as the bad guys," Plant
said. This notion of feminism,
she said, did not make sense when
applied on a community level.
"But feminism is essential on
a community level or we will
create the kinds of social structures that have destroyed the
environment—unconsciously,"
said Plant.
Priscilla Boucher, a PhD student at UBC in urban and regional planning, has different
ideas about ecofeminism.
"There are different approaches to ecofeminism just as
there are different approaches to
feminism," Boucher said.
Boucher outlined the importance of not romanticizing
women. "Women's role as the
nurturer has been historically
defined and devalued but this
denies men's capability as
nurturers. We need some kind of
balance; we need men to share."
Although Boucher dislikes the
ecofeminist label, she feels people
must begin to question the way we
live and recover our ability to share
and care. "Part of that recovery I
see as coming out of ecofeminism,"
she said.
The irony of
environmentalism....
An irony ofthe environmental
movement rests in the fact that
the stage is dominated by men.
Women represent an extremely
active force behind environmental
change and yet few women environmentalists receive the publicity of someone like David Suzuki.
Plant said the reason for this
reality is, "men are trained to leap
up and have the answer... What we
need is a lot less of one person
standing up with the answer and a
lot more of us all talking together.
Dialogue," she said.
"Women's role is to take leadership because we know what it's
like to have as our fundamental
premise caring and well-being.
"We must take leadership in
such a way that it draws men towards us and not away from us so
that we can all learn," Plant said.
The fact remains that feminism and ecology are inseparable.
In order to start dealing with environmental issues we must deal
with ourselves; men and women
must modify their roles and together become better equipped to
deal with the planet.
In the words of Judith Plant,
"Liberal feminism is not enough—
it won't save life. Women might
gain more power and prestige on
the patriarchal ladder but it's not
going to save us."
6/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991 WIMMINS ISSUE
Women in the media and the women's media
by Laurie Newell
In response to what has been
called abysmal coverage of women
and women's issues in the mainstream media, a primarily feminist alternative media has been
growing across Canada since the
early 1970s.
In Vancouver, this media network includes the newspaper Kinesis, published ten times per year,
and a weekly radio program on
Coop radio, called Women Do This
Everyday.
According to a member ofthe
Kinesis' editorial board, Nancy
Pollak, it "has become almost cli
che to say we're invisible, and it's
profoundly true."
Many people argue that the
coverage of women and women's
issues in the mainstream media
has changed, and that the charge
of invisibility no longer holds true.
According to a 1990 study of Canadian newspapers conducted by
the national feminist organization
Mediawatch, a proactive group
working toward more equal representation of women in the media,
women remain both
underrepresented and misrepresented in mainstream Canadian
newspapers.
The Mediawatch study, which
analyzed fifteen newspapers from
major cities from Victoria to St.
John's, found that of the total
number of stories with bylines, less
than 30 per cent were credited to
women.
As well as being less visible as
authors, the study found that
women are far less visible than
men as subjects of newspaper articles. Women in these newspapers
were only discussed 18.2 per cent
ofthe time, while the other 81.8
per cent of quotes or references
were by or about men. When
women were present as subjects,
the were often discussed with sexist
language.
According to Mediawatch's
Communications officer Jennifer
Ellis: "Thisinvisibility implies that
women's achievements and contributions are not important. It
also means fewer jobs for female
journalists."
Pollak believes that this invisibility is also a way of maintaining women in a powerless position. She calls her work at Kinesi s
a "reality hit," and says one aim
the newspaper is "to rectify the
imbalance of [women's] invisibility
in the mainstream, and to encourage political thinking and action among women to empower
them to change their lives."
In addition to the misrepresentation of women, Pollak believes
that feminism is misrepresented
in the mainstream. To Pollak,
feminism is not simply a question
of seeking equality for women and
men, but a question of looking for
something better for everybody.
Feminism, said Pollak, "is not
women wanting a bigger piece of
the pie, but changing the recipe of
the pie altogether in order to
achieve a better balance between
collective needs and personal
freedoms."
Pollak sees Kinesis as providing an opportunity for women
to get involved in the media, who
may have had no previous experience, something Mediawatch's
statistics imply would be difficult
in the mainstream.
Member of the Women Do This
Everyday collective at Co-op Radio,
Dierdre Aitkin, also sees this as an
important role ofthe program she
works on. Aitkin said the show
provides "an opportunity for
women to get involved in the
community...an opportunity for
women to gain skills in order to
help shape the mediathemselves."
As well, Aitkin sees Women
Do This Everyday as providing a
community service, addressing issues of interest to women, such as
pay equity and women in the arts,
as well as offering coverage of local
events not covered in the mainstream.
While   both   Kinesis   and
Women do this Everyday are
unwavering in their focus on
women, Pollak and Aitkin see their
work as beingrelevant to the larger
community. Pollak says Kinesis'
readership has both activist and
research-oriented components, iin-
cluding people in government and
trade unions, as well asgrass-roots
feminists.
While Aitkin and another
collective member Genevieve
Jackson say they have never encountered opposition in their woirk
as a women-focused radio show,
Pollak cannot say the same of Kinesis.
In 1990, theSecretary of State
cut what federal funding Kinesis
used to receive, based on Secretary
of State guidelines which explicitly
state that they will not fund activities relating to sexual orientation and abortion. According to
Pollak, this is because they are
seen as too controversial. In
Pollak's words, "I think it's safe to
say that our funding was cut because of our continued willingness
to publish material on abortion
and on lesbianism."
In light of such responses, itis
not surprising that Pollak, Aitken
and Jackson all foresee the need
for a women's media network
continuing indefinitely in the future. According to Aitkin, an alternative women's mediaisimportant
as an educational tool, tolet people
know that there are viewpoints
other than those of women in the
mainstream.
Pollak talked about the recent
revival of Ms. magazine, and its
attempt to reflect the diversity
among women, by including international content, as well as that
by and about lesbians and women
of colour. Pollak sees the success of
the new Ms. as evidence of the
ongoing need for a women's and
feminist media network, saying it
"reflects the hunger of women for
self-expression and information."
Both Kinesis and Women Do
This Everyday welcome new
members. Kinesis can be reached
at 255-5499.
Dykes, diversity & discord
by Carla Maftechuk
Homosexuality is still finding
aplaceatUBC. Two grou p s, Dyke s
Unlimited and Gays and Lesbians
UBC, currently exist for womyn
and men on campus; however, a
gender split exists within the homosexual community.
Two womyn, one from each
group, expressed their beliefs on
the subject.
Karen MacDonell was one of
the founders of DU: "Its primary
purpose is for womyn to get together and talk. It's supportive."
"I don't see GLUBC as speaking for womyn, but I feel that the
Womyn's Centre does that because
it is a womyn's space an d inherent
in that is respecting the lifestyles
of lesbians. GLUBC could be like
that but it's not; it's like that for
men."
"Men like to hear the sound of
their own voices. If it's 50-50, it's
always still a battle to have them
shut up. Men, be it gay men or
straight, need to feel like they are
beingheard tomaintain their self-
esteem."
"It always comes down to men
and womyn in this world having
different balances of power. There
is a fundamental lack of understanding by men of worn yn. That's
there in a gay and a straight com
munity."
"It comes up every year, that
the guys there say: 'We have to
get more womyn involved, at least
let's have a womyn president'but
I'm not sure where that's all coming from."
"Maybe because they're feeling the pressure from womyn.
But there's not really a connection between what womyn want
and them listening."
"They make an attempt by at
least talking about it, trying to
figure out what the womyn want.
That never really works; I just
don't see womyn caring that much
about GLUBC. I get all I need
from Dykes Unlimited."
"And then there's the Gay
Games. I know there were a lot of
womyn involved but if you look at
who were visible, right in the
hierarchy ofthe people who were
doing the major work for it, well
it was men. And even look at the
name of it—'Gay Games'. It's
supposed to include women but it
doesn't do the trick."
"It would take a lot of energy
to give Dykes Unlimited a higher
profile. We were pretty visible in
the first year and everyone was
really excited about it."
"I think that any event that
goes on that has some sort of gay
and/or lesbian aspect to it is
great."
"It really is an extension of
our society that womyn listen,
care, and can be vulnerable, but
fewer men can, and it ultimately
causes a rift. It's a long process for
a man to come to terms with what
it means to be a womyn."
Sylvia, a member of both
Dykes Unlimited and GLUBC,
does not find the differences problematic. "I understand their arguments for being separatist, but
personally I don't find that a
healthy choice for me. For me,
that would be an over-reaction."
"Dykes Unlimited is a support network while GLUBC is
more involved in the community
and it's more a social club. It does
address the concerns of lesbians."
"There is definitely a split between homosexual womyn and
men. I think GLUBC is quite male-
dominated; it's hard to say where
it starts.
"The womyn aren't going, but
if they would get involved more
then maybe that would help the
problem. You can't say there's no
womyn involved and not be involved. There's people there that
are definitely doing something,"
Sylvia said.
"I think some ofthe more enlightened men are gay men. That's
been my experience."
March 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/7 lilliiliilliBlilill
Crime distorted by gender-neutral language
by Carla Maftechuk
Homicide should be
recognized as a feminist issue,
visiting professor Christine Boyle
told more than 200 people who
attended a Walter S. Owen lecture
presented by the UBC faculty of
law a week ago.
"Part ofthe reality ofthe
subordination (of women)is death,"
said Boyle, who teaches law at
Dalhousie University. "The present
law of homicide is largely
structured as if homicide were
gender neutral, although there are
traces of a different perspective."
Boyle believes that
victims of homocides should be
clearly identified and that the legal
system should take their identity
into account.
"The way things are
labelled may have a difference in
terms of public perception of them.
If we have specific crimes in terms
of violence against lesbians, so that
trials are reported as that in the
media, then people may see part of
their experience reflected in
descriptions of reality.
"The practical significance
legally would be in terms of
sentencing. Hate motivation could
operate to increase the sentence,"
said Boyle, who supports a call for
a Royal Commission on violence
against women.
Boyle said there has been
a general movement within the
legal system to eradicate gender,
as evidenced by the replacement of
the word "rape" with the term
"sexual assault" in the early 1980s.
"Part ofthe reform was to
make it gender neutral so that men
could be victims and women could
be charged," she said.
"To a certain extent it does
reiiect some reality Decause men
can be sexually assaulted. A change
to a gender-neutral term did bring
in some victim s, but there has been
some concern that we have lost our
sense of the distinctive harm of
rape."
The movement to gender
neutrality encourages the courts
to understand the crime in a
gender-neutral way, which means
that they may not be concerned
with the construction of sexuality
in our culture today, according to
Boyle.-
Using that approach, one
New Brunswick court said that
breasts weren't sexual and that a
man touching a woman's breasts
was not sexual assault. The
Supreme Court of Canada overruled that decision.
Boyle expressed a concern
over this way of thinking. "Sex is
deeply gendered, it may be the
most gendered thing we have. It
has a lot to do with what it means
to be a woman and what it means
to be a man."
"There are small signals,
both positive and negative, that
gender-neutrality doesn't exist" in
thelawtoday.For example, section
233 of the Criminal Code states
that only a female person can
commit infanticide.
"What this offense deals
with is post-partum depression.
When a woman who has given birth
is still recovering from the effects
of that, if she kills her new baby,
then she may be charged with
infanticide rather than murder.
It's a much lesser charge."
A male who kills a
newborn would be charged with
murder.
However, a woman is not
currently considered to be part of
an "identifiable group" which migh t
be targeted in the act of homicide.
Defining factors in a "group" are
"colour, race, religion, ethnic origin,
but not women," Boyle noted.
In the United States,
gender is beginning to become a
factor in consideration of a crime.
"In 1983 the New York legal
definition of bias-related violence
included sex and sex-orientation."
"Whether there is any
significant political attention paid
to these questions and whether
any change occurs will be a matter
of whether there is any public
pressure for change."
"Homicide is a feminist
issue. Such crime is used to
maintain the hierarchy in society
in general."
Women in the Male-Dominated Media
by Holly Longdate
Women in the media profession can expect to encounter sexism, according to women working
in the field.
"At a reporting level I still
think there are biases on the part
of some men who think women
can't do "tough" stories involving
murder and politics," says Shelly
Easton, 31, a reporter at The
Province with special interests in
Health and Medecine.
Easton tackled such stories
when she worked as a police reporter at The Hamilton Spectator
Fight the Power - Empower!
by Carla Maftechuk
Eighty-five percent of
sexual assaults on women
are committed by men
that are known to them.
A woman has a 1 in 4
probability of being sexually assaulted in her lifetime. A group of women
is continuing their work
to combat these numbers
by educating women in
self-defense.
Women Educating in
Self-defense Training
(WEST) arranges courses
in WenLiDo at many locations across the country, including UBC.
WenLiDo is a course
in practical self-defense
for women, ranging from
how to handle harassment on the bus to dealing with a life-threatening attack.
Wen is a short form of
women, Li means
strength, and Do refers
to the way or path.
Jennifer Kirkey, a
college physics teacher, is
instructing this semester's course at the AMS
Women's Centre.
"I hate teaching the
course," said Kirkey, ex
pressing her belief that
women should not have
to find themselves in
threatening situations
where action becomes
necessary. There is an
ongoing demand for the
classes and new instructors are always needed.
The course emphasizes the importance of
removing oneself from a
dangerous situation, if
possible, before action
becomes necessary.
The consensus of
WenLiDo students is that
it is extremely empowering^
in 1986—the first woman to assume this job in the paper's history.
"There was lots of anxiety and
anticipation as to whether I would
be able to do this job or not," she
says. "I did a fine job."
Easton says that sexism also
occurs when she's reporting out in
the field.
"There are some men out there
where they see a woman reporter
and a man reporter, and there's a
hostage taking, they will
instinctually go to the man."
When she worked as assignment editor at the city desk, she
was often mistaken for a secretary.
She says men asked to be put
through to a man or "someone in
charge."
"At a management level, we
have fewer women in management
in newspapers, and as women move
up into management, I think we
are seeing a lot more threatened
men," she says. "I definitely think
that women in management have
to be twice as good."
At The Province, the positions
of city editor, news editor, and
acting editor-in-chief are held by
women. "They have had to put up
with alot of abuse, snide comments,
jokes and whisper campaigns from
many threatened men."
"[The Province] has been
dubbed the Ovary Tower because
they have women in positions of
power," she says. "Would it have
been otherwise called the Testicular Tower? No."
But Easton is satisfied with
current workingconditions. "Ihave
been given equal opportunity to
cover the Gulf War."
She says the women in The
Province's management have
brought the paper a long way.
Kim Prissick, 30, media relations co-ordinator at ICBC was
warned during her media training
that she may face di scrimination in
the field.
"They were very blunt in telling me about the fact that I am
blond, and a woman, and will have
to work harder to prove myself."
"There are people, and a lot of
the time, other women who will not
accept you because of your looks,"
Prissick is told in her ongoing media training.
"Very few women have high
profile positions in television." Because these women are attractive,
they have to struggle to gain credibility, especially from the female
audience, Prissick adds.
When she was supposed to be
interviewed by a Japanese television crew working on a story about
Canadian culture, she was rejected
by the Japanese producer.
"The producer looked me up
and down, from my shoes to the top
of my head, and his face went
deathly white," she says. He then
said: "too pretty, no TV."
Although she had the authority to speak on behalf of ICBC, she
was told the crew would not understand. When a male representative of the corporation arrived
the entire crew's response: "Ah,
yes."
8/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991 WOMEN'S ISSUE
Power, violence & upper
body restriction
The followingis what happens
when six womyn converge on the
Gallery Lounge to talk:
...Anyways, we were discussing why the term "girls" is
offensive to people, and to womyn
who know anything about society. One womyn put up her hand
and said that It was not men who
had come up with this term and
call womyn "girls"—womyn do it
themselves. The prof wanted me
to explain why it is offensive since
no one seemed to know, so I had
to tell them that it belittles womyn
into being something...
Being childlike.
There's a real resistance to
changing these things.
Men get power in many ways,
and one of them is to control language.
There's also a real resistance
for womyn to do it, too. They don't
want to be labelled as "radical feminist."
They're afraid - it's like that
old saying: "I'm not a feminist,
but..."
I used to say that. I can see how
people say that. I think it takes a
certain amount of...
Strength?
Strength... but coming to realizations.
That's why the womyn's
centre is so important!
Space... control of language,
no men looking in, no male voyeurs, freedom, power-
Men are always saying,
"Don't be stupid, don't be idiotic." They don't argue with you,
they just put you down.
A lot of times in class, I have
something to say, but I can't put it
into words. I start to doubt myself,
which I cannot do -
I'd go insane.
When I talk to 1
profs, I can't say my
gut feelings, I have to
say what I've read,
and what I can support through literature.
You have to refer to someone else's
authority. You're
never the authority
on your own life.
Classrooms are
a hostile environment. Simply the
way they are set up
in this institution on
strictly enforced hi-
erarchical   lines.
There is the prof,
who has all of the
power in that room,
and then the power
ranges down from
there to the men in
the class, and then
to the white womyn
and to people of
colour and so on.
And it's very, very
hard to speak out in
those situations. Its
not a matter of a
specifically sexist or
racist incident that
you can challenge
the dominators on.
It's hard for people
to understand how that process
works unless they've been a part of
it.
Sexism is so pervasive that you
can't just pluck out an incidental. It
is central to my being, and it is part
of everything I do. It is everywhere
I go. And how can you logically
prove that the air you breathe is
sexist,heterosexist, and racist? You
can't prove that to someone
happened to me over the past
year, and I haven't been able to
realize it. And it's not only in
classroom situations. It's in personal things that happen to you.
You get in a situation with a guy,
and you say "no," and he has the
power over you, and you want to
say no, but you just don't. Because it's not the way it should
be -you feel so "not you. "You put
yourself out of it, and you're
someone else, and you let yourself be someone else, because
that's the way he wants it.
In my experimental research
class, there was a study done,
and we looked at who was participating in the study, and they
were all males-all homogeneous
middle class males. And I said
"how can you do that? It's not
representative of our population".
And I asked the prof this, and
instead of the female professor
answering my question, one of
the male students-who was
about six foot four and over two
hundred pounds-answered my
question. All I felt like was why the
frigging hell are you answering
my question? I wasn't talking to
you! Shut up!
Let's not talk about profs. Let's
talk about bras.
Restriction, fashion, advertising!
What if you find them [bras]
uncomfortable?
Who the hell does find them
comfortable?
I have to have special designs that bruise my shoulders...
It's another way of making
your body presentable to a certain
audience.
You should see what those
underwire Dras ao. i ve got scars
SA   WOMFRf
That's totally true! That's
because ofthe underwire strips.
I felt like I was supposed to wear
them to turn on my partner,
because that's what you see on
tv and in the movies. I got this
bra because I wanted to look like
Madonna, and that's the only
reason. I really regret it now. The
scars are there, and I keep looking at them, and they hurt me.
They really do....I like my sports
bra.
I still have the bruises. This is
part of the fashion designed by
men to torture womyn.
And tampons! Why is it that
they persuade us that the only way
of being feminine is by shoving a
piece of cardboard up. It's not the
most natural thing I ever thought of.
I'm all for a bleed-in, now that
there's GST on all feminine hygiene
products. I'd really enjoy wearing
all white and bleeding for a week on
the steps of parliament.
I love it!!
Something else I want to talk
about is this interview I did at
Christmas. This guy was saying
how do I experience sexism? He
kept wanting examples. Well, I can't
give a specific example. I know
what he wanted to hear. He wanted
tohear that I'd been followed home,
or that I'd been raped. That is one
example, and it is a serious, horrible thing, but there is so much
more to it than that. Unfortunately,
our media has warped it, and our
media is part of the problem, because they cater to the advertisers.
And that is the reason we have tv!
It's to have enough stuff that people
will watch the advertisements.
Sexism is so central—it is a comment that someone will make, it's a
feeling that I get. It's a sentence in
class that I have to read! And when
I complain, I am seen as being
"bitchy",whiney-just,whyareyou
complaining so much, why are you
rocking the boat? Why can't you be
"content with equality?" And I don't
have equality. I am demanding it,
and I am not going to shut up. But
if equality happens in my lifetime,
I'd be really shocked.
I don't want to be considered
the same, I want to be different. But
I want to be respected-l don't want
equality. I want resnect.
Respect! The biggest thing
that I'm angry
about is that I have
tofight.Ithinkthat
it is absolutely
despicable.
The fact that I
have to take a Wen-
i Li-Do class, and it
doesn't matter if I
have it or not, if a
man attacks me,and
I don't fight back, it
would be my fault,
and not his fault for
attacking me. Well,
why the fuck did he
attack me? Men
shouldn't have the
right to do that.
I hate the fact
that I didn't know
all of these things
earlier on in my life.
I hate the fact that
I know about them.
rr\ I hate the fact that
tU they are...
I hate the fact that
I have to feel lucky
about not being attacked, when it
should be a given.
I believe that
nothing will happen
until men—and I
think they will have
to be forced, simply
because I don't see
how else it will
happen—give up
that power and that
abusive privilege
that they have. That
is the power of
white, middle class heterosexual
able-bodied men, and there has to
be some way that that power is
removed, because the imbalance is
so great now, that there will be no
change until that is addressed.
Until the institutions that breed
this kind of systemic oppression
and violence...
APPLICATIONS
NOW
AVAILABLE
for the position of
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COORDINATORS
(2 FULL-TIME/ PART-TIME)
Resumes required with application
Deadline for Resumes
& Applications:
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Applications
Available
SUB 238
UBC
Psychology
Students'
fittoctotlon
Grad Dinner Dance
at New World Harbour Side
Saturday, March 16
TICKETS: (sales end March 13, 199D
Members $40   Non-members $45
includes buffet dinner, wine, DJ, etc.
PSYCHOLOGY
T-SHIRTS
Members $14
Non-members $15
and
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Members $23
Non-members $25
CONTENT LECTURE
Forensic Building
with
STEVEN HART
12:30 March 13, 1991 • Svedfeld Lounge, Kenny
Kenny Building, Room 2007 • 228-614:
Office-Hours: Mon-I ri  12:30 - 1:20
March 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/9 'uort«°
sr^ov
^siuapius uXuiom jo joq
-uinu aqj 0} [Buopjodoad n<? IB saoqtunu aiaqj aay
isdiqsjossajoad j[nj jo aanuaj 3ABq Xaq} oa
isjoad jnojoo jo uXuiom Xub ajaqj ajy
isjoid uXuiom Xub jo Xubui aaaq} aay
.jsaAipadsaad isiuiiuo-j Xppqdiui/Xppqdxa
04 puB 'uXuiom }noqe suoijsonb oj uado sjojd ajy
RE-VISIONING POWER
by Ellen Pond and Linda Shout
I'BC is imt a safe place for womyn. There are more than ten sexual assaults reported
monthly to 'in- administration. In reality, the number is much higher because most sexual
a-saults art' :ie\er reported—most are acquaintance sexual assaults.
Though statistics are often used to discuss violence against womyn, they cannot
represent the numerous incidents of harassment, silencing and intimidation that we
and our friend-- struggle with daily: male students' use of misogynist language /
(fucking bitch, i-'ci, any use of racist language (such as "black sheep"' or using /
"race" uncritical!. 1. professors who say "what every young man should know"...    /
(fucking bitch, i-'ci, any use of racist language (such as "black sheep" or using
"race" uncritical!;. 1. professors who say "what every young man should know"...
...the Vann-r letters, remarks by profs regarding womyn's physical appear-,
ance ("spring is great because womyn wear red dresses that show off their J
legs"), silence regarding lesbians, profs choosing not to interfere when jy'
people of colour or First Nation's people are verbally attacked by their      y^
classmates... /
...hostility when assumptions about "the family" are questioned   / j
the former AMS president treating womyn as sex objects, profes-   / //
sors telling sexist (wife) jokes in class, professors invading our     / //
personal space... / //
...death threats on womyn's lives, the president speaking   / //
of Marc Lepine as a twisted and incomprehensible indi- / / /
vidual, and casual references to raping womyn of colour       / // /
written on desks. / //        //
Given all this, it's important to talk about the >>
privilege of being born male, or w hite, or middle-
class^—or all ofthe above and every combination
thereof—as well as into a society that only
accepts heterosexuality. Although we don't
choose our sex, class, or social rate, etc.,
institutionalized heterose\i>m, racism and
sexism are present in our society: many of
us benefit from these, and must work to    ;
challenge the existing power initial- \
by Manisha Singh ^-^-   .
. I am a token. This issue is written by white
e" women, about white women, for white women: it is not
;UR1 about ALL women. This issue has excluded the voices of
women of colour, which means many ofthe women on this
campus are not being heard. I know I am a token. Tokenism
means that the racist structure still remains unchallenged, in
other words, business goes on as usual. Why are the voices of
women of colour always muted? Why does no one care that only
white women's agendas are on the table? I am really angry, I hate ,
* being a token, it hurts. But I have chosen to do this. Would you      /
r even have noticed the invisibility if I hadn't included my stoiy?        /
Ain 11 a Woman?
For example, we as white womyn
who benefit from being white must
not attempt to control the space
that people of colour take for
themselves. Similarly, when
womyn choose to take space and
time to be with other womyn, men
must respect this and see that
their attempts to control us
perpetuate their abusive privilege.
Until new ways of seeing
power are visioned and realized,
UBC will not be safe.
«! cr?      T3
5T > >
o o o
O   0)
2. 3   3
SL ft, v< -
°, 5* 3  _
I       I     by Manisha Singh
S. /       This is the debut of my voice as a woman of colour, and a symbol of self love
\ /     I am reaching into the core of my soul and embracing the power that lets me sing.
i\       /      I honour and respect the process I am about to describe. These were my coping
'1     /  /  mechanisms.
j   / /        Once...I longed to be white. The dream that never came true. I couldn't wait
/  / /   to fall asleep, maybe one day the good fairy would come and purify me. Maybe
this was a caterpillar state and tomorrow I'd emerge a butterfly.
I was manure then, the other children called me manure. I was the colour
of manure. I smelled like manure or curry, same difference. All the children
teased me. They flushed my gym bag down the toilet. They flushed my spirit '/
away. - '"■■■.'■'■.    J  j
I was dark, the beautiful people were fair. They had colours, blond, blue, / ./'
green. I was only muddy, devoid of colour, of light, of spirit, of love. My vision   I 7
fl     II      darkened. I hated looking at myself. //
If     11 1 remember my heros. I worshipped the Charlie's Angels, more than i /./
/     / /      any white girl did. I prayed that I might one day too be blonde, blue-eyed and i 17
//       white. There were no superstars who looked like me. Why were there .rid I j'
/ /      beautiful Indian women on TV? Every time India was mentioned in class, every In
//       time I heard an imitation ofthe accent, I turned browner. I couldn't even turn l-Ll
//     red' rit
I I began to clothe myself in imaginary white skin. My appetite was insatiable. ' III
If       I straightened my hair, hungered for the styles. I turned against my parent's  /Jrl
/ /       food, hungry for white nourishment. I was consumed by a hatred for everything / I-
///        Indian. I remember my mother's tears when I told her I wished for a white 7i ^
_  mother. I told her this as she combed the knots out of my thick, rough, black hair, ijl I
/ Her hands trembled only slightly. Ii I
/When a white man liked me I was thrilled. When men my colour liked me, < { \,  ^
j I hid from them, I was scared of the dark. It angered me when my white sisters, if  V
I   my friends, tried to match me up with my kind. My kind smelled, were j, \' .
/    unattractive, my kind were manure. I was "white" then. I wouldn't let anyone tttT'
I     steal that from me. I-WIL
! A It wasn't until I graduated when one of my friends in a cold embrace ^-tjlf
■J I   whispered, "I never even notice that you are different, you are white just like the  TTr-ti
I \   rest of us." ll.jll
1 /      I cried, because I couldn't see myself in the mirror anymore. I was invisible. No «JI j \\ /
„     „,.,. „,..-. ~..^,i^ .., ^v„. .»„..,... Jilence is suicide. I resurrected myself that day.
!      My brown self. I still bear the scars, but I survived because my mother cradled
my silence, nurtured me when I wasn't looking.
Today I can see. I have a vision and I have a voice. I am surviving.
Racism operates as a strategy of divide and conquer. The systematic mis-
.    treatment of people of colour relies on the regeneration of lies. "They are dirty."
"I must be dirty." The hatred, the racism is internalized. Racism pitted me   1
j against myself. Resisting and unlearning are the keys. I have entered the
' , process; divide and conquer have become define and empower. __ •
(■XpAiusod }ou jnq 'uXuiom juasaad saop
uouBjuasaad 3uipBaSop/Sui>[o() ^Xbm aApisod
b ui paiuosojd sanssi s,uXuiom puB uXuiom aay
ipajBJodiODui jno[OD jo uXuiom Xq s^jom oay
isasanoD pajinbaj aqj ui pa^BJodjoa
-ui pus pajuasaad sanssi s^XujOM/uisiuiuiaj aay
iaauauadxa jo Xjpiiduinui aqj oj
iaSBnSuBi oupods iapuaS as
,;a3BnSuB[ aupads japua3 a?
10/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991 -bout Xed Suipuodsa-uoa qnM 'uXuioav Xq piaq
(|eiao?iue( 'jEUBjajaas) suonisod j^s yoddns,,
aqj pue uaiu ajiqM Xq ppq (• -sjiBip oa?}iiuuio3
'neaq luauiyedap) aaMod ;o suomsod am aiv
,;(sjajnpa[
[Buoissas 'uXuiom Xnsoui 'piBd \\oaa ssaj jo poqjaui
luajjno aqj ueq} -taqio) Suueqs qo( Xub ajaq} Sf
Shattering the silence
Mm .. and move frequently I am cor.lVonted by my silencer. TN \ ait- more clearly
defined and hit harder when I become aware. I come up against, as in ph\ sically collide
with, the broad brick walls that are my silences.
I have spent countless moments across years in silent deference to the fear that
turned my stomach at the thought of speaking out against injustice, in support of
the values I believe in, in favour of everything I wanted and had learned to
K believe that I didn't deserve.
A\\ The fears that have bound me to this silence have been many—fear of
A. judgement, fear of ridicule, of failure, of punishment, of physical pain, of
\J^\       ' . rejection.
\ On the day I begin to write these words, I go out for dinner at a
'        restaurant on Kingsway. A woman and a man sit at a booth behind me,
he slightly more drunk than she, and significantly more hostile. In an
\\>.iv\\\\\ \       increasingly loud voice, he repeatedly accuses her of being a hooker,
' Vr\ \ \      an(* te''s       she is full of shit. She says little, and speaks softly. I
. \v\\ \     think to myself that she and I have learned the same lessons, that
\J\\\\\ we have been polite too long.
\\\VVvt\W ^n<^ though everyone at the surrounding tables must be
" V\ \\ \\\ \1\\\ aD'e t° hear that he is being verbally and psychologically
V\\\ Vv abusive, no one says a single thing.
\     \M'     \\rVA\ We are trained not to notice. We are trained to be afraid
\\   \w'      \\\\v\\ to take a stand. As Women, we are trained to believe that
\\      v|       \\\. v\\\ what we have to say is invalid. We are trained to sanction
vW    ,\\     lY'VyA the mistreatment of countless groups in society by our
\  \\      \\ \\>\\ silence, perpetuating the illusion that everything is fine.
Our silence is complicity. And I will support it no longer.
n^ I borrow the restaurant's phone book* and look
up the number for Women Against Violence Against
\\ \\\      \\1 V\\\\\       Women (WAVAW). I am nervous and my hand shakes
\ W\\     \\v\\ 7\\\       as I scrawl it with a bright red wax pencil on a scrap
\ \\\\     \\'<V'N \V\^\"        of paper along with the words "You are not alone.
\ WW     \\ 7 . WW \ Y you don't have to stand for this." I slip it on her
A      table when he is in the bathroom and quickly move
V        away. She taps me on the arm to confirm it was
^     me who gave her the paper. I say yes and ask her
\ if I am being nosy.
uAkW "Noi;" she1 says, "I'm surprised you
l\ Noticed."
\\\ "He's not very subtle," is my reply.
\\\ "I justlgot irt town six months ago, and
1 wV    "ve been feeling alone, not knowing where to
\\V to. I ^ill phone you."
i \ \A Though I know almost nothing about
V  ier, I take back the paper and write my own
i    name and number oh the other side. Her
|    name is J^aurai She squeezes my hand. I
|     j,7   ||] \      ]|} \\ am stjinned, and rewarded beyond
L ■   measure). We jiave dispelled the myth of
| bur oWn powerlessness.
I It is q consent and recurring risk to
I     put myself forward in the world, both on
1 j      paper and iiji spoken words—to speak
i      and act for njiy truth, one often at odds
with the world view sanctioned by those
[men] in power.
I acknowledge that my white-
middle-class-university-educated-
english-speaking-able-bodiedness is
I validated in the mainstream world, and
.    .   .     ( . brings me privilege, a degree of power,
~ I   i     I / and a legitimated voice not shared by
'   I • I /    i_     ■ !      women of colour, particularly Native
^ ,       women, physically challenged women,
j     Jewish women, and many others who
( fall outside the acceptable norm.
//   / / \ I        At the same time, the fact that I am a
II j / woman with feminist, lesbian/gay/
I / I J /      bisexual-positive, and anti-racist beliefs,
' ' ' / /      leads me to fear for my safety each ume I
I I / challenge myself to speak up for the
if   things I believe in. My access to power has
J        clear limits. Power to exist, as long as I
J      don't want to change anything. Speaking
j out has become not only political, but
J       subversive. And subversive, of course, is
J dangerous.
, / even the smallest gestures often seem
/    fraught, I commit myself to continuing, daily
. .    obey. And when that fear becomes overpower-
ri   I        ing, I read and reread the words of Audre
•■•///  '' Lorde, a black lesbian feminist poet from the
' lit I    United States whose strength and clarity strike
If >r i/.// ™e with awe.
She tells me: "We can sit in our corners mute
forever while our sisters and our selves are
■/'   !;ll f i''i I wasted, while our children are distorted and
'    I Hi I      destroyed, while our earth is poisoned, we can sit
il'li i>l     'n our sa^e corners mute as Dot^es> and we sti" wJ^
/ /!>/     be no less afraid...while we wait in silence for that
/ if if   final luxury of fearlessness, the weight of that silence
1/ I  will choke us...my silences had not protected me. Your
/ silence will not protect you."
///<//   /      /     ifwvu.;. ■-...'..   .
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^pauimexa japuaS sj
^Xbm jBjpuD b ui pauiuiBxa „aaej„ sj
larch 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/11 ELITE GRAPHICS LTD.
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WOMEN'S ISSUE
Wake up Oscar!
by M. Maenling
Once again, The Academy is
royally thumbingits nose at women
in the film industry. With the
announcement ofthe Oscar nominations, Awakenings was nominated for best picture but director
Penny Marshall was conspicuously
absent from the nomination list
for best director.
She would have been the first
ever, North American woman to
be nominated for best director.
Even more conspicuous is the fact
that traditionally, best picture
nominations carry a best director
nomination along with them. (How
could one of the best pictures be
made without the expertise of one
of the best directors?) Enough of
my kvetsching (..whining,
sniveling,...snorting..).
Penny Marshall's Awakenings, based on a true story, deserves
a standing ovation for being one of
this year's most interesting films.
Robin Williams plays Dr. Malcolm
Sayer, a doctor who, through his
intelligence and sensitivity, finds
oh, n\fl,-b. Gush,   wM is sucm-a
WAY TO SeTTL£ Trtti^ss.
W^ SKoulJ   t4Av/f Ju<5-T
<£.oTTevo    -n+eAA   TO tsftof'  THCf\*
PAWT3   AWJ>   M.eAW.£e.
a way to reach "the statues"—the
virtually catatonic postencephalitic patients whose minds
are suspended in unresponsive
bodies.
Robert Deniro plays Leonard,
the first patient to "awaken" from
receiving the drug L-Dopa. The
film is fascinating in its treatment
Some of Canada's best accounting minds
are in the insurance industry.
If you have an interest in accounting, why not consider
a career with Canada's property /casualty, or general
insurance industry? In fact, the industry offers a wider
variety of career choices than you ever imagined.
Accountants ves, but also systems analysts, lawyers,
managers, loss prevention engineers, investment
specialists, investigators, marine underwriters, aviation
adjusters and manv more. The choice is vours.
General insurance is also an industry' that encourages
vou to acquire its own levels of professionalism.
As a Fellow or Associate of The Insurance Institute of
Canada, you would join an educated, experienced
and ethical group of professionals equipped to pursue
successful careers at the local, provincial, national or
even international level.
Choice, challenge, satisfaction and security. They
are just some ofthe rewards you'll enjoy through a
career in the property/casualty insurance industry.
For more information, contact Les Dandridge.
B.A., AIIC at The Insurance Institute of Canada,
481 University Avenue, 6th floor, Toronto, Ontario
M5G 2E9 (41(5) 591-1572 Fax: (416) 591-1678.
Canada's Insurance Professionals
The Graduates of The Insurance Institute of Canada.
of medical subject matter, as well
as the emotional problems faced
by the patients as they come out of
their suspended states.
Penny Marshall's gutsy, unflinching film deals with difficult
subject matter in a sometimes
agonizingly realistic manner.
Bring Kleenex.
The Panther
His  weary glance,  by the
passing ofthe bars,
Has grown into a dazed and
vacant stare;
It seems to him there are a
thousand bars
And out beyond those bars-no
world.
The pad of his strong feet,
that ceaseless sound
Of supple tread behind the
iron bands,
Is like a dance of strength
circling round,
While in the circle, stunned, a
great will stands.
But there are times the pupils
of his eyes
Dilate, the strong limbs stand
alert, apart,
Tense with the flood of visions
that arise
Only to sink and die within
his heart.
Rainer Maria Rilke
(* From Awakenings)
Defy Authority!
Join The Ubyssey
SUB 241K
12/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991 WIMMINS ISSUE
Film animator's plug-in
personalities
From an interview with Sylvie Fefer.
by Celia Griffith
Remember when cartoons
played before every movie? Today
we find them mainly in collections
such as The Third Animation
Celebration, which opens Friday
at the Ridge Theatre.
Among 19 baffling, amusing,
and often breathtaking new offerings from nine countries, is a
quirky piece by Vancouver's own
Sylvie Fefer.
Q: How did you come to do the film
Personality Software?
A: The National Film Board asked
me and I submitted the idea. They
seemed to like it, so they commissioned me to do a storyboard. That's
like a comic strip version ofthe
film—what it will be like.
Then they didn't want to do
the film after all. I asked for the
film rights back and for help with
some of my cost, and they were
very generous to do that. So I applied to the Canada Council and
got rejected about a million and
one times [laughs] until finally I
had animated most ofthe film on
my own and I submitted a line
test.
For a line test all or most of
the animation is done in black and
white, so one can get a really clear
idea of what the film is going to be
like. They gave me the money to
complete the film, so I finished
animating it, I inked it, and then I
didn't have enough money to pay
for painters to paint the film. I
applied for a new BC Film grant
and got the money to pay for
painters. That's basically the history of the making of Personality
Software.
Q: Why did the NFB approach
you?
A: I've made two other films,
Brushstrokes and A Short Story.
So the NFB knew of my work and
they knew me.
Q: Where can people see
Brushstrokes or Short Story?
A: I made Brushstrokes in 1982
so it's getting a bit old now, but it's
at Canadian Filmmakers Distribution West on Howe Street—you
can rent them. Brushstrokes was
shown on the CBC, Knowledge
Network, pay tv. Brushstrokes
won the Short Film Showcase,
something that doesn't exist any
more. People who won got paired
up with a feature, so their film was
mWM
fl
<r
f *"
4
Still from Personality Software
played before that feature across
Canada. And mine was played with
some horrible—oh, I shouldn't say
horrible—with a film called Stroker
Ace, with Burt Reynolds.
A Short Story was finished in
'85, and it's been shown in the
places that I just mentioned. But
it's about being short. It played a
lot on the Knowledge Network, and
I think maybe there's a short person over there that liked it.
Q: What distinguishes Personality Software particularly?
A: Well, first, it's my most ambitious film, because it's full colour.
My other ones were done on paper;
this one was done on eel. Cel is
really a clear acetate, so what
happens is that the characters are
painted on it, and then you can see
the background behind the characters. Since you don't have to
redraw it for each frame of film,
you can have a full colour background. My other films had very
minimally coloured drawings.
Second, Personality Software
is filled with characters talking.
You know—it's as if they were real
people, but they're cartoon characters and they're interacting with
one another. In my other films,
Brushstrokes had no talking at
all, and A Short Story had just a
narration, and maybe a couple of
lines that are lip-synched. Also,
it's a much more complex story
than my other two films, and it's
got way more characters. It's more
polished.
Personal Software takes alook
at what life would be like if you
coul d go to a store and buy yourself
a new personality and install it in
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a slot that's custom-cut into your
head—what the repercussions of
this supposed Utopia would be.
Q: Were you looking for any particular reactions to this film?
A: I wanted to make a film people
would find funny. It's a twist on
what's happening in technology.
What if technology had advanced
so radically that this were possible? It's a bit of a twisted way of
looking at the way life is now and
how it could be. So I want them to
maybe chuckle on the premise, and
then laugh at the different jokes
that are in the film.
Q: Do you find any particular difficulties, or any advantages for that
matter, to being a woman in the
animation field?
A: People ask me, are there more
women than men or are there more
men than women? As far as I can
tell, when I look at my friends who
are animators, it's evenly split. I
don't know what it's like in the
studio system. All I know is what
it's like as an independent animator. And as an independent animator, whether you're a woman or
a man, you still have to have the
creativity to come up with an idea,
and the drive to see it through to ■
the end. I don't think that it's any
more or less difficult if you're a
woman.
I haven't had any cause to feel
discriminated against, or that it
was any harder for me than a guy.
Other people's experiences might
be different, but that's my experience.
AMS SUMMER PROJECT
Four Full Time
JOBS
AVAILABLE
Two Positions, High School Orientation-Frosh Coordinator and Fund-Sponsorship Raiser, are already detined. Two positions are undefined and
the AMS is open for YOUR suggestions. This is for
a project that will help the AMS and students.
Send in your application and a Curriculum Vitae for
any of these four positions.
More information from the AMS Vice President
Shawn Tagseth SUB Room 248. Applications in
SUB 238. niHi«n
mils
Due March 15th.
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For further Information on this Palmer
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Collect (408) 983-4024
March 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/13 WOMYN'S PERSPECTIVES
by Laura Mayne
Self defense as an
issue often comes
up with the topic
of how women
can protect
themselves
from
sexual
a   s   -
sault.
Asserting our right to be...
War
women
Although learning self defense
can be useful and empowering,
assertiveness skills may be more
realistically applicable to real life.
The major drawback of many
self defense programs is that they
assume attack by strangers.
Stranger rape receives the most
media attention and is a great fear
for many women, but it is actually
not the predominant reality. Because over eighty-five percent of all
women .who are sexually assaulted
know their assailants, assertiveness
training is often more relevant.
For example, for self defense
techniques to work, we have to be
, willing to hurt someone else to
protect ourselves. For women
.thisis often difficult because
we are taught that our
^bodies are not our own,
and as such we have no means to
assert what we want. Assertiveness
training can teach us things that
we don't learn anywhere else: that
we don't always have to be nice
and smiling.
The following are tips that may
help you feel confident and live
more safely, but it is important to
put them into perspective.
As women we should not have
to change our lives so that we can
be safe. We will not be safe until
men take responsibility for their
actions. Society must stop blaming women who are sexually assaulted.
You are NEVER to blame if
you are sexually assaulted--
whether or not you follow any of
these tips. Whatever a woman does
to survive a sexual assault is the
right thing to do.
Every situation is different
and there is no perfect way to protect yourself from sexual assault.
These tips are not a guarantee but
following them may improve your
safety.
Self Protection Tips: These
have worked for many women.
1. Know that you have the right to
set sexual limits. You may have
different limits with different
people; your limits may change.
2. Communicate these limits. Get
them across clearly to the other
person. E.S.P doesn't work.
3. Trust your gut feelings. If you
feel you are being pressured into
unwanted sex, you're right.
4. Pay attention to behavior that
doesn't seem right. Someone sitting or standing too close who en-
by Iris Bitterlich
Every night on the T.V. and everyday in the newspapers, the mainstream mediahasbeen busy rationalizing and justifying the mass destruction andslaughtercalledtheGulf
war. We are told that it is wrong for
Iraq to invade Kuwait. Butwhatthen
of the recent invasions of Grenada
and Panama by the United States?
We are told this is a war for the
liberation of Kuwait, although one
wonders whose liberty is at stake
since Kuwait was ruledbyasheik and
his family. When Saudi Arabian
women recently protested for the right
to drive motor vehicles, western governments didn't want to get involved.
Apparently the allies' fight for liberty
and freedom does not include Saudi
women who, among other things,
cannot board airplanes or check into
hotels without written permission
from male relatives. We hear about
the brutality, torture, and murder of
Kuwaitis by the Iraqi army, but little
or nothing about the torture, arrest,
and detentionofYemenisbythe Saudi
forces. Hussein is labelled sick and
mad. He does not follow the Geneva
conventionfor P.O. W.sandaims scud
missiles at civilian targets. These
events are indeed sickening, but no
less than all the talk about acceptable
ways to fight a war - the propaganda
which tells us that the murder of
human beings is okay as long as we
use conventional weapons. In the
final analysis Hussein is no more sick
or mad than Bush and Mulroney because all see the use of force and
violence as acceptable.
Tostopwarsweneedtorejectthe
ideology which justifiestheiruse. This
ideology is called nationalism. It is a
form ofbigotry which tells people that
their country and they as citizens of
that country are superior to people
from other countries. Under the
banner of patriotism rulers can convince people to be slaughtered or to
murder other humans. Talk of God,
freedom, liberty, or a perceived threat
of attack are also thrown in for good
measure. We need to see that nationalism is nothing more than a ploy to
manipulate peoples' emotions for the
benefit and interest of the elite who
are our leaders. Certainly to the
average person it doesn't matter who
joys your discomfort. Powerstares-
-looking through you or down at
you. Someone who blocks your
way. Someone speaking or acting
as if they knows you more intimately than they do. Someone
who grabs or pushes you to get
their way. Someone who doesn't
listen or disregards what you are
saying (like NO).
5. Be Assertive. Get angry when
someone does something that you
don't want. Act immediately with
an assertive response. Stand up
for yourself-it's okay to be rude to
someone who is sexually pressuring you, even if it hurts their feelings. After all they're not paying
attention to you feelings.
6. Take an assertiveness class. It
takes work to learn to be assertive
and to unlearn our socialization
into passivity.
Women are responsible for war too
Several women, and one man, have told me that
masculine aggressiveness is a main cause of war.
Balderdash, poppycock and fiddlesticks. That
annoying notion is not only wrong, it is divi-
ive; and for women it's a cop-out.
Men's aggression is not a cause but
just another weapon, like explosives. The
actual causes of war are unisex. Let's
take the most obvious one, greed, which
is all around us and in us. Listen to
the voices singing "Hush little
luxury, don't you cry, you'll be a
necessity by andby." You'll hear
both baritone and soprano.
Allied to greed in
causing war is the gradual
buildup of power in irresponsible hands. In our
culture
happen by voting carelessly with the ballot and the
dollar. The Iraq, Panama, and Nicaragua crises came
about this way. Is there any distinction between the
sexes in such unthinking behaviour? Well maybe because of their different roles women pay less attention to
candidates' political records, and possibly men more
often fail to realize a connection between General Electric and nuclear bombs. But such differences aren't
exactly striking.
In our culture, wars can't be started and maintained
without massive manipulation of public opinion through
the media. Are women immune to this?
Even the macho image that shapes so much of North
America's policies is far from being a men-only phenomenon. Who went to see Top Gun? Reagan was rated as the
most popular president of all time, right after he invaded
Grenada—didn't the pollsters ask any women?
I rest my case.
iiy
eliminate the
position
ofteacher
andreplaceit
with facilitator. I personally
find discussing
ideas, sharing experiences, and working
with peers a very re-
wardingexperience. Such
schooling would also help
us to develop skills in cooperation and communication.
Getting rid of testing and grad
ing would also be a vast improvement.
At a global level there is really no
need for parliaments, politicians, or
leaders. The technology is readily avail
able to hook up computers in every household to let people vote on everv issue themselves. Ifthishappened we would actually have
atrue democracy. Heavenknows we can't doany
worse than the politicians.
After a few months of voting and taking care of
business we would be left wondering why we ever had
leaders in the first place. How was it that anyone ever
took them seriously, how did they ever manage to get so
much press time, and how did they ever con anyone into
those senseless slaughters called war?
Iris Griffith is an ex-UBC
student and a peace activist.
rules!
A   re
pressive
regime is a
repressive
regime irre
spective of its'
nationality.
We also need
to reject the social
programming which
dehumanizes us to the
point that we accept the^
use offeree and violence as
normal. Thisisespeciallytrue
for men who have to deal with a
gender role that tells them if the;
are not tough then they're not real
men. Part of the way our society
dehumanizes us is through the use of
verbal put downs. Within a group,
verbal put downs desensitize those
people who are the butt of the jokes
and create the need in them to "prove"
themselves. When negative talk is
directed at people outside the group it
creates subhumans who deserve any
mistreatmenttheymightreceive. Depending on which outside group this
talk is directed at, it results in and
perpetuates sexism, racism, classism,
heterosexism, nationalism, etc.
Therefore, it is important for us to
speak out against negative talk and
stereotyping as it happens. If we are
told we are too sensitive, counter that
others are too insensitive.
Another manifestation of the
macho mystic is the need to dominate
and use physical force to resolve con-
flictsinstead of talkingthings through
and arriving at a compromise, usually
a slow process requiring social skills. I
personally have talked to two men
who felt it was perfectly acceptable to
punch out other men as a way of
solving disagreements andsavingface.
Hence, in the Gulf crisis we see the two
little boys, Bush and Hussein, facing
off. ToobadforHussein,butBushhas
more little toys so he's going to win.
The above attitudes must change.
We have to get rid of hierarchies and
the incessant need to dominate, rank,
and compete. For example, at our
schools and universities we could eas-
SCREAMING
Ithappened some time ago. I don't
like to remember. You know who
you are. You are free and living
your life exactly the way you
want. Since then, my life has
been very different.
Who do you think you are
to have done this to me.
You stole something
from me. You robbed
me of my right to
make a choice and
took away my
sense of self. It
has taken me
this long to
say       "I
want it
back."
Female Geers speak out
showed me what it is to hate.
You took away time that should
have been mine and left me
consumed with fear. You left
your hate with me also; a piece
of baggage I would very much
liked to have passed right back
to you. I chose not to pass it on
(like you did to me) and I pay
the price of having it eat away
at me, leaving me empty.
Most of the time I don't remember what I was like before.
I liked who I was before and I
don't know how to restore myself.
I have lost much of who and
what I cared about. The few who
I have told, reacted with silence;
as if they had never heard what
I had said to them at all. Their
silence deepens my pain and isolates me. Their silence protects
you from having to be held accountable for your actions.
The time has come for you
and the Silencers to be held
accountable.    We    are
, watching you and you
by J.Randall, Christa Greentree,
and Evie Wehrhahn
We are part of the ever-increasing number of female engineers.
Daily, we are forced to listen
to uptight and uninformed comments of some "feminists" that
claim to represent our cause. They
so grandly take it upon themselves
to stand up for our rights that have
supposedly been violated, in the
belief that we feel too repressed by
our male counterparts to do it ourselves. Well, the time has come
where these comments have gone
too far, and we feel compelled to
express OUR opinion, rather than
accepting the opinion with which
we have been labelled.
First, we are proud to be
engineers...not female engineers,
just simply engineers. We are sick
and tired of people (who presume
to know our inner thoughts) telling others that we are frightened
of our own faculty. We consider
ourselves members of one of the
only groups on this apathetic
campus with the initiative to express an opinion on any subject.
We are not saying that we
agree with every opinion expressed
by other members of our faculty.
We are not homophobic, racist or
sexist, and the majority of engineers are not either.
And we resent being classified.
Feminism has different
meanings to different people. To
some it means equal pay for equal
work, and for others it means affirmative action programs, changing
"women" to "womyn", and equating sex with sexism. Some feminists have an unrealistic perception of what men are like.
Some have told us that we
should feel unsafe and ashamed of
our own faculty. We have'
NEVER felt unsafe around the
men in engineering, nor ashamed
to be associated with them.
The media is constantly portraying engineers as a group of chauvinistic, straight, white males with
women playing a negligible role in student activities. In fact, women in engineering are twice as likely (and twice as encouraged) to get involved with EUS activities.
Basically, we want the UBC community to
know that every time anyone makes an unfair,
biased generalization about the engineers and what
they may or may not represent, she labels us as well.
And before she presumes to represent our stand on any
issue, she should consult us
will pay. That is how
we indemnify ourselves. The time has
come for you to
make   restitution. I use my
voice to  demand it.
14/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991 WOMEN'S ISSUE
Stats on Wimmin
Nursing; 97%
Family & Nutritional
Science: 95%
Rehabilitation
Medicine; £2%
Education: &?%
Etementwy       78%
Secondary        4B%
Agri<mlture: 60%
Music: SS%
Fhamiaey: 529fe
Arts
Total: 62%
Undergrad: 63%
Qrs^i59%
Frmchi &2%
History'. 54%
Ardkropotogyz. 74%
Glgogrttphyi 60%
Political Scienem 4B%
English: ?1%
Economies; 31%
Philosophy*. 2S%
fnfc JfeiaiKwis: 57%
Medical Laboratory
Science: 58%
Fifty-one per cent of
UBC's
undergraduates are
women. This table
shows the percentage
of women enrolled in
various faculties and
departments at UBC.
Unless otherwise
stated, the
percentages are for
undergraduate
enrollment.
Source: Registrar's
"Count of regi stored
students" as of
February 15, 1991.
Law
Total: 49%
UMergrad: 49%
Gr*d: 53%
Physical
Education: 44%
Medicine: 40%
Commerce
Total: 40%
Undergrad: 43%
Grad: 32%
Dentistry: 33%
Master of Business
Administration (MBA): 29%
Forestry
Total: 15%
Undergrad: 1B%
Grad: 15%
Engineering
Total: 11%
Undergrad: 11%
Grad:11%
Bio-resource: 30%
Others: 5-12%
Chemical: 22%
watch for the
Superstar
shoe sale
March 13, 14, 15
10AM-4PM
PLAZA SOUTH, LOWER SUB CONCOURSE
see Tuesdays Ubyssey for details
THE GENERAL B.A.      UBC
PROGRAM      ES
This program, offering a broad Liberal Arts option instead
of a Major or Honours Program, is now in place.
For information, come to:
The General B.A. Office,
Buchanan C158,
or call 228-6700.
rytCE-X-CTE • L-L-E--N-T) ^r
The  eateri
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The good deal is, your least expensive meal is Free when two or more of the
above items are ordered.   Not valid with any other coupons.   Dining in only,
please. Valid only when this ad is presented prior to placement of order.
3431 WEST BROADWAY 738-5298
The University of British Columbia
Frederic Wood Theatre
HAMLET
by William Shakespeare
Directed by Gordon McCall
MARCH 6-16   8 PM
3 Add it. Eve. Perfs. - March 21, 22 & 23
SPECIAL 2 FOR 1 PREVIEW
- Wednesday, March 6
Matinees:
Thursday, March 14&21 @ 12:30pm
ReS.  228-2678  Campus Theatre
'$.
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TRAVEL CUTS. We can offer you the best possible price to anywhere
in Canada, and around the world. The next time finances are in the way
of travel, come see us at TRAVEL cuts and we'll help make ends meet.
On Campus-S.U.B.
822-6890
TRAVELCUT5
GoingYourWay!
J
ANNUA!
*
GENERAL
MEETING
Thursday, March 21,1991 - 5:30 pm
Graduate Student Centre Banquet Room
AGENDA
1. Intro of New Executive
2. Financial Statements
3. Report from Council
4. Auditor's Report    ^E $r0
5. Other Business   o 4^pL £
March 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/15 WHAT IS FEMINISM?
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6.   $a
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/THE UBYSSEY March 8,1991
16/THE UBYSSEY WOMYN'S POETRY
If I keep one eye
green and venomous,
as quick as snakespit,
and the other eye
diaphanous, lake-like
pooled with pupil,
I can keep the same balance
as the tray on my fingertips.
My hands can be supple and fluid
for the pouring of wines,
the small gestures
to indicate the lusher meats.
They shall light the candles
and whet the appetites.
My rings and knuckles
are dainty hors d'oeuvres.
My dress is religiously plain.
I hold my body rigid
and as beckoning
as a board.
But the brooch at my neck
must rivet the eye
and confound the senses
into contemplation
of the delicacies
that may swell and shimmer beneath
I move like a metronome
from kitchen to table.
And arrive at last
amid stupified silence
with my head on a plate,
my hair in blue flambe
and each eye
minds wonder minds explore
time occupies space
people come and go
as time came and went
feelings invade mind corresponds
thoughts exchange
bodies mingle cuwes acquaint
sweat abundant feeling faint
is it lust?
feelings are familiar
body wants craving mind
roaming hands warm sensations
compliments by touch
perpetual thoughts of hungering
ambition pleasure for two
time forgotten replaced i
molding images of <
bodies come together I
it must be love.
Dawson
Bar Maid
In this bar I float like a bright balloon,
A prick sensitive
Globe of air
I squeak off the touch of hands,
Quivering in tight-skinned excitement,
I float as a surprise,
Circling tabletops,
Rounds of amazed eyes.
Lips of wine glasses.
I waft on pillows of smoke
Tapping bodies lightly
And moving on.
In league with shiny surfaces,
I carry finely pointed tips
In my pockets.
But I am unpoppable.
Inside the balloon
Someone hides
Her sharp elbows,
ingernails,
Incisors.
Spreadeagled,
Her hands and feet
Flatten against the inflated sides,
Her mouth opens
In a full
And frozen
You Always
When we sat
before the television,
our hands held high and rea
in a race to see
who could pick off the Starship Enterprise fir;
zinging out of the announcer's voice
to orbit our living room.
I always waited to see which star
looked likely to explode intc*;
But you had memorized the exact location on the screen,
letting me believe
your index finger was prescient.
Now it's hard to believe in the light years between us,
Mr. Spock.
When we played alone on the lawn all day,
how I loved to be Kirk or McCoy,
trusting or hating you,
but still by your side,
phaser in hand and firing
into the fogs of the frog pond.
But when we played with your friends,
I was just a Klingon.
Or worse, a woman in a mini-skirt
who did nothing but scream.
How those roles have wrapped around us,
as if, then, we could choose to boldly go
so far away from each other.
You, to your planet of logic,
and I still hooking my dreams onto falling stars.
was tne brag-ijratnerer,
arching the forest for our languid sacrifices
left glistening trails of mucous
n the footpaths. /
picked th^gn'xifeM^eaves,
t the^licK^f^^eontract
to hard mragefMLf muscle,
vhich I brougM to you
vrapped like a (phinese delicacy.
We watched them unfold from the leaf,
their fluted edges rippling to a full length.
You would say a prayer,
sprinkle holy pine needles,
then raise your brown sinewy arms,
taut under the weight held high above your head.
Your blue eyes watching the sky,
pretending God was at the end
of each smooth stroke.
But when the blade was sliced the body,
the only divine flash
was of our own making.
It was not for God we performed,
but for each other.
God was the way in.
But it was only you, brother,
I loved for the killing.
Poems by Shannon Stewart and Barb Dawson
March 8,1991
TH£VBYSSeY/17 NEWS
Racist ruling handed down to Gitksan
and Wet'suwet'en
Continuing the institutionalized oppression ofthe First Nations' People which is integral to the history of Canada, the B.C. court has upheld
the racist arguments put forward by the province and the federal governments. Today, March 8,1991, the British Columbia court under Chief
Justice McEachearn handed down his decision about the Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en People's aboriginal land title action in British Columbia.
The Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en People have issued statements regarding this judgement. In support of their positions, we, the womyn working
on the Womyn's Issue, are running them here. We have also included Judge McEachearn's ruling.
STATEMENT FROM NORTHERN OFFICE -
Office of the Hereditary
Chiefs of the Gitksan and
Wet'suwet'en People:
"Chief Justice McEachearn has delivered a brutal decision to the
Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en People and to all aboriginal people. The
Royal Proclamation does not apply to British Columbia he said. This
decision issued by Justice McEachearn is wrong. It is wrong in
principle and it is wrong in law. It is a decision that is undeniably
political.
"All arguments that the province argued have been adopted.
Justice McEachearn does not want the court burdened with injunctions and court cases concerning aboriginal title. Justice McEachearn
accepts the Calder and Catherine Milling cases both of which were
repudiated by the Sparrow decision. The Sparrow decision, Justice
McEachearn said, has no effect as it is on non-tidal water.
"The court says that aboriginal title is a non-existent concept.
This decision is very much like the 1969 white paper meant to destroy
aboriginal people through assimilation.
"The decision doubts that the Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en were
organized societies at the time of contact. The crown recognized
ownership around villages but not traditional territories."
From Don Ryan, speaker for the Gitksan and Wet'wuwet'en
please note: this text has been edited due to lack of space. The full text
is available at The Ubyssey office.
"The decision of the Supreme Court of British Columbia on
Delgam Uukw et.al. vs. the Queen, the longest running aboriginal
title and rights case in the country, was handed down this morning.
As it reads, Mr. Justice Allan McEachearn has handed down a
political decision that clearly demonstrates that the interests ofthe
courts in British Columbia are not those of justice, but ofthe legalistic
manipulation of facts and history to justify the continued sanctioned
marginalisation of aboriginal people to the point that their existing
rights as protected by the Canadian constitution do not apply in
British Columbia.
"In a turn of retrogressive legal thinking, this judge is attempting
to push back justice for native people in Canada at least 20 years. This
has been done by either ignoring or rejecting legal claims made in the
last few years by native people all over the country. This judge goes as
far as saying on page 300 ofthe document [the judgement] that native
people, especially Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en, are economically
marginalized because they live on reserves and that the only hope of
change can come if they leave and assimilate into the mainstream. This is the 1969 White Paper, a policy long rejected by successive federal
regimes.
"Even at the introduction ofthe document, this judge states '...I have been brutal." (p.3) Indeed this is an understatement. The volume of
evidence that this judge rejects in respect to the continued ownership and jurisdiction ofthe Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en territories, the details
of cultural organization, ofthe language, of their whole cultures, is amazing. Was not this judge actually there through the whole ofthe trial?
It seems not. After three years of hearing testimony, the judge even rejects the idea that the Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en cultures were and are
complex and sophisticated (p. 237) instead asserting that thousands of years of social development happened since Europeans' contact.
"...This judge goes on... to extrapolate that the colony was able to extinguish all aboriginal rights, including those to land, by some sort of
fiat, that required neither the knowledge or the consent ofthe native people living in what is now British Columbia...this judge concludes more
or less that prior to contact, native people in British Columbia led a life that was nasty, brutish and short and that it took European contact to
make them culturally self-aware and to give them any sense of territoriality. In short, prior to contact, this judge thinks native people were little
more than fairly bright animals.
"This judgement is full of similar arguments that either debase and belittle aboriginal people and their cultures and certainly render them
subject to European cultural domination in total...
"The tone this judge is attempting to set is that native people in B.C. have no rights, no real culture that could in any way be equated with
what was imported from Europe and certainly no say in what happens to their land... Given that it could have been a great day for justice in
this country, we come away with nothing. McEachearn's judgement is a travesty, based on the economic imperatives of a province driven by
exploitation of people and resources. He has rectified nothing. Perhaps he expects the native rights struggle in B.C. and Canada to magically
end because of this decision. Instead, in his myopia, he has fueled the causes of racism. Judgements of this kind foster only enmity. Aboriginal
people will protect their rights and will force this agenda. The actuality, or threat of violent force by the state cannot keep people down. It has
not worked in South Africa and it did not work last summer at Oka. Justice will be served in the end and this province may expect considerable
unrest, protest and direct political action if the government attempts to use this small, silly judgement to inform policy. An appeal can be
expected."
AN EXCERPT FROM THE JUDGMENT IN THIS CASE
"The foregoing answers the legal issues arising for decision in this case. It remains only to state my conclusions in more precise form and to add
some comments. Nothing I have said applies in any way to any lands set aside as Indian reserves.
"(1) The action against Canada is dismissed.
"(2) The plaintiffs' claims for ownership of and jurisdiction over the territory, and for aboriginal rights in the territory are dismissed.
"(3) The plaintiffs, on behalf of the Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en people described in the Statement of Claim... are entitled to a Declaration that,
subject to the general law ofthe province, they have a continuinglegal right to use unoccupied or vacant Crown land in the territory for aboriginal
sustenance purposes as described in Part 15 of these Reasons for Judgment.
"(4) The plaintiffs' claims for damages are dismissed.
"(5) The Counterclaim ofthe Province is dismissed.
"(6) In view of all the circumstances of this case, including the importance ofthe issues, the variable resources ofthe parties, the financial
arrangements which have been made for the conduct of this case (from which I have been largely insulated), and the divided success each party
has achieved, there will not be any order for costs."
18/THE UBYSSEY  "
March 8, 1991 WOMYN'S ISSUE
«   ;,   ,-   %»-   M
:.  f
Mynifesto
A list of demands
made by the feminists of
The Ubyssey Womyn's issue.
Freeze all hiring of male employees on campus; hire only
womyn, preferably womyn of colour, lesbians and differently
abled womyn.
All professors required to take a series of anti-racist, anti-
sexist, anti-homophobic workshops.
Recognition ofNative languages and all foreign languages to fill
the language requirement for undergraduate degrees.
Free daycare for children of student parents.
Subsidize womyn's self defense WenLiDo classes 100 percent.
All male heads of faculties be assignedjanitorial duties in their
departments.
Implement myndatory coursework on power structures in this
society (and not in English 100).
More representation from feminist authors in courses.
Any UBC employee proven to be connected to sexual harassment
get fired and gets their therapy paid for.
Pay sessional lecturers as full professors as most womyn are
lecturers.
University funds channelled into research on AIDS, organic
agriculture, birth control and STD's like chlamydia.
Rape relief stickers be legally stuck in bathrooms.
Free abortion services and pregnancy counselling at Student
Health.
Free tampons, condoms, latex gloves and dental dams in washrooms.
Replace all stop signs with "stop rape."
Replace Hampton Place with free student housing for single
female parents. Convert student housing into co-op housing.
UBC Reports publish their first issue of the year as a lesbian,
gay, and bisexual issue.
AZT provided for people with AIDS—free, of course.
Convert President David Strangway's house into something
useful, (...a retreat for Chippendale's dancers a methane
production plant which operates on animal exhaust..)
Start a womyn's research and resource centre.
Abolish the term "ladies"; we know gentlemen haven't existed
in a long time.
Freddy Wood Theatre produce more plays by women playwrights,
with more women actors, directors, designers and technicians.
the Ubyssey
March 8, 1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
Once upon a newspaper there dwelled 3 little engineering
students: Evie Wehrhahm, Christa Greentrce, and Julie Randall,
who died, decomposed and were consumed by the blue goop that
spewed from Celia Griffith's mouth. "Aaaack" read the flag that
popped mirthlessly from the gun of Carla Maftechuk who was
inconspicuously bathing her earlobes in liquid nitroglycerine, which
spilled vociferously onto the ground and quickly created a hole out of
which materialized Ellen Pond.
Iris Griffith and Iris Bitterlick were the eyes of destiny, scanning
the horizon for Barbara Dawson the twinket of the coast. Franka
Cordua-Von Specht with her spechtacles stared back in defiance,
exposing her armpits in protest
Retro in funda, the blue priestess ofthe Goddess, Lisa Tench, cast
a divine enchantment on Ela3ine Griffith, who sprouted unsightly
facial hair, grew hazy, and vanished into the future. Everyone else
had to settle for a 6pell of insomnia.
Meanwhile, Linda Shout, the Grand Exalted Black Brassiere,
screamed in astonishment at Effie Pow licking the coloured sprinkles
off of a chocolate skinhead, exposing a giant vulva, which framed
Johanna Wickie's head. A suggestive yet incorrect conclusion was
jumped to by Laura Mayne, who emptied her nostrils in the general
direction of Nadene Rehnby.
Suffering from the anti-sleep spell, Katherine Weiler, in a delirium
verging on total exhaustion, threw a blunt object shattering the
botUeof purple Irish whiskey sitting beside CoreenaMcBurnie, who
metamorphosed (transmogrified) into a 90-foot Greek verb, but she
didn't know hoe to conjugate it, and she spontaneously combusted.
This brings us to the tragic plight ofMorgan Maeling who hoarded
36 million mooshy peas to the dismay of Rebecca Bishop who prayed
to the Goddess for 36 million mooshy peas. But Helen Willoughby-
Price got them instead and used them to build a lifesize statue of
Sharon Lindores in honour of Elizabeth and Holly who lost their last
names in the chaos. Manisha Singh fell down on her knees in
rcverance, or was it fatigue?
Like a bridge over troubled waters, Laurie Newell the Palliative,
the symbol of Truth, Justice, Freedom, and Democracy emitted a
glowing light which caused Sam Green to utter the immortal words:
"Idunno,you11havetothinkofsomethingforme.."Paula Danishka
Some problems we share as women,
some we do not. You fear your
children will grow up to join the
patriarchy and testify against you,
we feair our children will be dragged
from a car and shot down in the
street, andyou will turn your backs
upon the reasons they are dying.
-Audre Lorde
March 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/19 WOMENSISSUE
NO longer Silenced: Women gather together, speak out,
and make demands in the fight against sexual assault
by Nadene Rehnby
In a world where almost every
woman can tell you about an experience of sexual assault, itis easy to
feel defeated. Faced with a society
that still looks upon rape as a
woman's fault, or as something to
make jokes about, a world where
the authorities fail to give justice to
women, not wanting to talk about
our experiences becomes a way of
protecting ourselves.
But despite this, women are
demanding to be hear d and making
it difficult for the "system" to turn
women away.
"Women are talking with each
other, gathering together, and
making a hell of a fuss," according
to Lee Lakeman ofVancouver Rape
Relief.
Exposing the rapists:
One action women are taking
is getting the names of rapists out.
While police are one avenue that
women can take to both protect
other women and to deter other
rapists, innovative means of exposing rapists are emerging.
Both VRR and WAVAW
(Women Against Violence Against
Women) are recording the names
of men who rape.
Another tactic, taken recently
on a US campus, is postering. In
this case, a woman obtained a photo
of theman who raped her and used
it in a poster that identified him as
a rapist.
Direct confrontations are also
increasing. Women are grouping
together to confront rapists at their
home, at work, or in a social context, and to let them and others
know they have been identified as
a known rapist.
Women are also speaking to
each other. At UBC, notices on
washroom walls and other places
frequently have lists of names.
Identifying ourselves:
While women are taking action against rapists, many women
still feel society is ill-prepared to
deal with them as human beings.
"I knew I didn't want to go
through the cross-examination,"
said a UBC student who was raped
by her employer. "And I didn't want
my family to know." She believes
she will be called a flirt, a slut, or a
liar. "That's the reason I haven't
prosecuted—and for that reason
alone."
She said her opinion of society
was upheld when she told a coworker. "'It wasn't rape,' she told
me. She said I wanted it. I thought
maybe she was right."
She said it was difficult to tell
her current boyfriend because she
felt he would think worse of her.
"He calls me his sweet and innocent. If you've been raped, there's
no way you'll be allowed to have
that image."
"Sexual assault says nothing
about a woman," Lakeman said. "It
says everything about men, and
the way we talk about it doesn't
reveal that. It's as if they're saying
if you're smart enough you can
somehow get out of those situations. And it's just not true."
"Women are also seen as broken, damaged, psychologically or
sexually impaired—and this is also
not true. Women have amazing
ways of recovering, resisting and
getting through."
Breaking down the barriers:
After a woman is sexually assaulted, daunting walls erected by
society and institutions stand between her and justice. Only 1.08
per cent of rapes, based on one in
ten reporting, lead to conviction.
In the case where a woman
does choose to tell someone, she
fears being looked down on. In
seeking medical attention, she
risks being treated by a male physician, a difficult process for a
woman who has just been sexually
assaulted by a man. The RCMP
also can not guarantee that a complaint will be dealt with by a woman
officer.
And if a woman does get that
far, there is no guarantee her report will lead to charges. It is even
less likely a charge will lead to a
conviction.
According to Bernie
Smandych, an officer with the UBC
detachment of the RCMP, none of
the 35 reported cases of sexual
assault receivedby her detachment
from 1987 to 1990 led to a conviction.
One woman who did report to
police said she wishes she hadn't.
"I regret reporting it because ofthe
garbage I've had to go through,"
she said. "I spent a lot of time
there, tellingthem what happened
and writing out statements. They
talked to him and concluded there
was not enough evidence.
"You just about have to be
raped in front of a police officer in
order to get into court. Never mind
getting a conviction," she said.
She said, for herself, she is
still glad she acted on it, even if the
system did nothing for her.
Smandych said the RCMP are
doing what they can. "I have to
admit, the system is not easy," she
said. "Sometimes it does come to
his word against hers. But we can
prove or disprove those statements," she said.
Smandych also said that a
woman who reports a sexual assault at the UBC detachment can
speak to a woman officer if she
chooses.
"She can also have someone
with her the whole time," she said.
"Or she can call WAVAW or
Vancouver Rape Relief to accompany her."
Forcing institutions to listen:
"The University has said that
we do not want sexual harassment
on campus," according to
Margaretta Hoek ofthe newly created Sexual Harassment Policy
Office. "The office educates and
explains what the consequences
are."
Created in the spring of 1989,
the office has since heard approximately 160 incidents of sexual harassment, Hoek said, some of which
included sexual assault.
But one woman, whose sexual
assault forced her to drop her
classes, said UBC slammed the
door in her face.
She said the residence life coordinator at her residence was "really apathetic. She couldn't have
cared less."
"I couldn't believe the way they
treated me."
Meanwhile, the man who
raped her still lives in residence
and is attending UBC.
Lakeman said these attitudes
are going to start costing the university. "Universities are alarmed
because women are going to cost
them profits—because women are
speaking out."
"There are uprisings of women
on campuses across the country
about sexual assault," she said.
"Women are not willing to back
down anymore."
Breaking the colour barrier:
Instances of sexual assault
againsjfc women of colour carry even
more societal baggage.
"Native women are at increased risk of sexist violence by
white men as a racist/sexist attack," states The Truth As We
Know It, a VRR publication. "They
are less likely to report to a court
that has a long history of working
against Native people. When Native women are attacked by native
She said she has not experienced sexual assault from within
the Native community, but said
there is a problem.
"The residential schools have
had a lot to do with it," she said.
"The cycle hasn't been broken.
People who were abused become
abusers."
Getting    the    information
women need:
The following letter recently
appeared in the McGill University
student newspaper:
Violence must be publicized
To the Daily:
On September 27,1990 at Berkeley,
Ca., 33 women and men were held
hostage by an armed man. The blonde
women were singled out and forcibly
sodomized with carrots by men under
the force of the armed man. One man
wa;: killed, numerous were injured and
eventually the armed man was fatally
shot by the local police. This incident
was reported by "Off Our Backs" in
January 1991.
As members of the McGill Women's Union, we are outraged that this
event was not acknowledged by this
newspaper. In light of the Polytechnique
Massacre, it is crucial that incidents of
violence against women are always
addressed and made public. We do not
believe that the Montreal Massacre was
an isolated atrocity against women and,
therefore, demand that this issue be
publicly confronted. By ignoring violence against women, you are promoting it.
Would you please cover this story
now? Thank You.
McGill Women's Union
ed. note: our phone number is 398-
6784. News tips are always welcome.
"It is a patronizing insult to
women to say that we don't need
the information to protect ourselves," said Lakeman.
Neither student health, the
university emergency ward, or
student residences keep statistics
UBChospital will also attempt
to get a woman physician on sexual
assault cases, according to Susan
Wanamaker, head nurse at emergency. "If not," she said, "women
also have the option of being transferred to Shaughnessy where a
woman doctor is available."
"We will give as much support as
we can possibly give," she said.
men, they may want to protect him
from the racist "injustice" system
that is likely to punish him, not for
the assault, but for being Native."
A Native woman now attending UBC said she was raped by a
white man before cominghere, and
chose not to report it after receiving little support when she went
for medical attention.
on the number of cases of sexual
assault they see.
VRR statistics show an increase in the number of cases reported to them. In their first year,
1974, VRR recorded 112 cases of
sexual assault. In 1990, VRR received 1059 crisis calls reporting
1199 attacks, of which 736 were
lived in 1990.
UBC's Sexual Harassment
Policy Office also said the number
of incidents has doubled since last
year, particularly in the area of
formal complaints.
But on campus, rapes have
occurred everywhere from Main
Library to Buchanan Tower, the
residences, the trails to Wreck
Beach and leaving the Pit Pub,
and stfll we hear very little from
the university.
Women together:
"It's important that other
women come to the aid of women
who have been sexually assaulted," Lakeman said. "Because
it's our future we're talking
about."
"Women must take action to
increase their security and to
make it clear that they belive in
themselves and have a right to a
better future for themselves, and
for all women."
"A very high percentage of
women called (the crisis line) because they wanted to protect other
women," said Lakeman.
The UBC student raped by
her employer said: "I belive he's
done this to an awful lotof women.
It wasn't an isolated incident."
She said that, while she chose not
to press charges, if she learns
that a woman has, "111 be right
there."
Women have had to find ways
to circumvent a system that ignores women or fails to bring justice, and are working together.
Women are talking to each other
about experiences, teaching each
other successful methods of self-
defense and assertiveness, and are
coming to the aid of other women
through work in rape crisis centres and i n demandi ng recognition
in the courts and by the government.  And women  are  aiding
women by naming and confronting rapists.
And these are the demands:
Women are demanding that
the men in our lives accept that we
live in a misogynist world—perpetuated by their lies, their silence,
their jokes, their pornography. And
by the patriarchy that tries to silence women's voices.
Women are not speaking of
nameless, faceless rapists. Men
who rape are our brothers, our
fathers, our neighbours or partners. Eighty-five per cent of men
who rape insist that what they did
was not rape. And men continue to
believe that we wanted it or that
we asked for it.
Women are making demands
of our society that it confront its
sexist and misogynist attitudes,
and find ways to break them down.
Women demand that our police forces and courts stop putting
barriers between women and justice, particularly for women of
colour. That they stop dismissing
our cases or taking the power out
of our hands.
Women are demanding that
our institutions, including The
University of British Columbia,
take bold steps to eliminate cases
of sexual harassment and assault
that we are experiencing in our
classrooms, our professors' offices,
the university buildings and in our
residences.
Women demand that our governments comply with requests for
funding so that we can take action
on our own. We want funding put
behind the front line work, the real
sources of research, proposals,
community responses, law reform
and aid to survivors of sexual assault: transition houses, rape crisis and women's centres, on campus and off.
20/THE UBYSSEY
March 8,1991

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