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The Ubyssey Mar 15, 1979

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 Funding cuts hurt research
By KEVIN McGEE
The Trudeau government's current policy on research funding is a major factor contributing to Canada's economic difficulties, according to a survey of UBC department heads.
Since the Trudeau government
came into power in 1968, funding
for research in Canada has decreas-
from 1.2 per cent of the gross national product to less than one per
cent, chemistry department head
Charles McDowell said Wednesday.
"This discourages students and
puts Canada in a poor position in
an era when high technological expertise is needed," said McDowell.
He said Pierre Trudeau's Liberal
government is completely behind
the times, and added that the country is now paying for it. McDowell
said a recent government decision
to increase research funding to 1.5
per cent of the GNP by 1983 is too
little too late, and the decision to
cut research spending 10 years ago
went against the advice of leading
Canadian scientists of the time.
McDowell criticized the government's plan to become self-
sufficient in energy, and said it
would never work given the difficulties experienced in getting
research money.
He said there was a research proposal he had made which was rejected by the federal government,
but was picked up by some
American colleagues of his who
were now making considerable advances in the field with U.S.
government backing.
"They're beginning to put some
money into research, but one
wonders if this isn't the usual
Trudeau election ploy," McDowell
said.
Sidney Katz, an assistant professor in pharmaceutical science,
said there has been a 30 per cent
decrease in enrolment in the area of
medical research.
"A lot of young students don't
want to commit themselves to a
career in research when there is no
guarantee of funding, and so they
are investigating different fields,"
he said.
Katz added that the government's
goal of raising research funding to
1.5 per cent of the GNP by 1983 is a
good start but far from the final
answer. He said the proposed for-
See page 8: RESEARCH
THE UBYSSEY
\yo\. yyiv, No. ^4      Vancouver, b.c, Thursday, march is, 1979
228-2301
UBC tries for
new recruits
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JOHNATHAN LIVINGSTON SEAGULL makes low-level bombing run
over lounging students outside Place Vanier. Student on right escaped
injury, but lounger on left sustained direct hit and ended afternoon with
speckled tan. United Nations observer at scene said victim provoked ag-
-#
—thomas chan photo
gressive act, seeming to beckon to passing bird with left hand. First
casualty of bird's all-out offensive on sunbathers recovered after quick
shower, and mad bomber went on to strafe administration building.
Legalize marijuana or get off the pot
By HEATHER CONN
' 'A joint in every pocket'' could be the campaign slogan used to win this country's stoned
vote, if Canada's official Pot Party wins the
next federal election.
"If our party gets in, you could all be smoking pot by Christmas," party leader Lome
Jones said Tuesday.
Jones, representing about 300 party
members in B.C., came to UBC Tuesday to
find student candidates for his party and inquire about starting a Pot Party members' club
at UBC. He said he would like to see a candidate in every constituency Canada-wide and
added that membership only costs $2.
"I think a lot of students could become
MPs. It sure beats going on unemployment
rolls," he said. "Even if we had a majority
government we'd only stay in power until
marijuana is legalized and then we'd leave."
He said the party advocates full legalization
of marijuana, not decriminalization.
Decriminalization is simply a "piece of
politicking" which still sends marijuana users
to jail, he said.
If discriminalized, marijuana would move
from the criminal code to the Food and Drug
Act, but first offenses for possession under
both categories result in the same penalty, he
said. In both cases, a person charged with
possession could receive a $5,000 fine or six
months' imprisonment, Jones said.
Currently, the federal government wants to
categorize marijuana with LSD, MDA, STP
and other similar drugs, he said.
"We want to put it (marijuana) under intoxicants, for sale in liquor stores along with beer
and wine."
He said the party is opposed to any importations because smuggling hurts the Canadian
economy. Smoking the nation's own homegrown exclusively would buoy the Canadian
dollar, he added.
"People might complain about not having
Colombian or Hawaiian (marijuana). But it's
been proven we can grow anything comparable
or better than anything currently growing in
the world. Our Canadian farmer ought to reap
the financial benefits."
For those interested in becoming Pot Party
candidates or members, call Jones at 873-2509.
By JULIE WHEELWRIGHT
UBC will spend $159,000 over
the next five years to try to find out
why high school students reject
university education.
The program is aimed at making
UBC more accessible to students,
specifically those from high schools
with a low university participation
rate.
"The number of students in
(high) schools is dropping and this
ultimately is going to hit the
universities. This automatically
heightens the need for a good
recruitment program," said Chuck
Gosbee, Vancouver school board.
Kelowna Senior secondary
counsellor Ann McKay said she
questions the motives of the program. The universities might be
avoiding budget cuts by keeping
enrolment up, she said.
See page 8: ADMIN
Tories
sweep
Alberta
B> SCOTT RANSON
Special lo Tliv l.'bvssej
CA1 GARY — Alberr.an!> gave
l'eter Lougheed's Progressive
Conservative pany its strongest
mandate lo date Wednesday
vimne rorio into 74 of 79 pio-
vincinl seats.
"We are tit a u-iy ke> lime in
the history of (his province - :\i
a cioisroads." preiniei
I (-iijyhced s:iid in a victoi>
speech Wednenda> nijjht.
"We uke this mandate with a
&m\i sense oi ivpoiisibilii.t lobe
respnii .ive and «L,iisiin«: to the
people -il tins prm.nee."
I lie' .in civdii-.i-i iniik *► nor
cent of the popular vote, and in
true Alberta fashion, only five
of the ridings were closely contested.
The Social Credit party, which
governed the province for four
straight decades until the 1971
P.C. sweep, took only four
seats.
"I was genuinely hopeful we
would take between 10 and 15,"
said Socred leader Bob Clark. "I
believe in the democratic process; Albertans have spoken."
Grant Notley's NDP contingent managed to pick up only
one seat, and the weak Liberal
party will not even be
represented in the legislature.
"We narrowed the gap, but
unfortunately the gaps were too
large," said Notley, who hoped
to become leader of the official
opposition. Pag* 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 15, 1979
Julius Schmid makes the most popular brands
of condoms in Canada.
Sowhywouldwev^nttotolktoyou
about ether methods of contraception?
The Diaphragm
The diaphragm is a soft rubber cup which 'fits'
into the vagina to cover the cervix (the opening
to the uterus, or womb). It comes in various sizes
and requires both a prescription and initial fitting
by a doctor or trained
nurse. To be effective,
the diaphragm must
be used in conjunction ^%^//a,    t i^^^^^^^
with a spermicidal jelly '^Qa^^"^
or cream applied to all      '" -^>y
sides of the cup and to its rim. Additional applications of the spermicidal jelly or cream are
needed if intercourse is delayed by several hours,
or is repeated prior to the removal of the diaphragm. The diaphragm must be left in place for
at least six hours after sexual contact. It can be
left for as long as twenty-four hours, after which
it should be removed, washed and dried. With
correct use, the contraception rate for the
diaphragm is very good. It is safe to use and
produces no unwanted side effects.
Contraceptive Chemicals
Contraceptive foams, jellies, creams, foaming
tablets and suppositories work in
much the same way. That is, by
establishing a mechanical barrier
to the sperm and/or by directly
killing the sperm on contact.
They must be inserted into the
vagina before intercourse and
reapplied with each
subsequent sexual act.
Suppositories (the
...,  .       .     ...       ^      least effective) re-
pnC^A"v)v-L     \\       quire about fifteen
Vji^ . ., / -mm'.".'.'"-    Cu      minutes to dissolve;
foaming tablets require five. Spermicidal foams, creams
and jellies are effective immediately. In all cases douching should be
avoided for at least six hours after intercourse.
Side effects are infrequent, although some
women and some men find that chemicals cause
an irritating burning-sensation during intercourse
or discomfort afterwards.
The Pill 	
The pill, taken by women once a day for twenty-
one or twenty-eight consecutive days, is designed
to prevent ovulation. If no egg is released, conception cannot occur. Most of the pills available
today contain a combination of two female sex
hormones in synthetic form—estrogen and
progesterone.
The pill's main drawback is the side effects
that some women experience. Minor side effects
like nausea, spotting or breakthrough bleeding,
bloating and breast tenderness are fairly common but usually subside after a few months. The
pill is also sometimes associated with weight
gain and, to a lesser degree, weight loss; with
minor but irritating vaginal infections, headaches, depression, and an increased need for
vitamins B6 and B12.
So far as serious side effects are concerned,
it is known that women taking the pill run four
to seven times the risk of developing blood clots
and nearly eight times the risk of dying as a
result of a clot which lodges in a vital organ.
Recent evidence suggests that the risk of
developing a stroke (an extremely
rare condition among women of
child-bearing age) is increased
nine-fold. Because the risk is
greatest with women who smoke
cigarettes, it is strongly recommended that women over 30
should either stop smoking
or use another method of
birth control.
Because we're concerned.
The response to the advertisements
we have been running has made us aware
that there is still a surprising lack of
knowledge among young people about the
various methods of contraception.
This is supported by a Statistics
Canada report on the alarming increase in
unwanted pregnancies among young
women in the 16 to 24 age bracket.
What we plan to do in this advertisement is give you an honest and objective
look at other methods of contraception.
We will consider the advantages and disadvantages of each and leave you, the
reader, to make up your own mind which
method you prefer.
Space limitations make it impossible
for us to go into minute detail. So for
further information, we strongly recommend that you contact your local physician,
pharmacist or family planning clinic.
Douching
Although the method has
been in use for centuries,
douching with plain water,
soap, or chemicals is
very ineffective. In fact,
it's only slightly
better than taking no
precautions at all.
Rhythm
The rhythm method
requires abstinence from
intercourse during the
woman's fertile time
of the month. The
difficulty even
today lies in predicting when the
fertile period is
likely to begin.
The various aids
currently used to
jy    help determine
!»,■»«. -^ ^e fertility
cycle include
electronic calculators, special rhythm calendars,
clocks and chemical tests. The most common and
most accurate method is the charting of the
woman's basic body temperature which must be
taken with a special thermometer each morning
before she gets out of bed. Unfortunately, a
slight illness (a cold, for example) can affect
temperature readings and create the impression
that ovulation has already occured.
The intrauterine device (IUD)
The IUD is a small device usually made of
plastic or metal, or a combination of both, which
a gynecologist places inside the uterus where it
remains for as long as contraception is desired.
Aside from checking after menstruation to be
sure the device has not been expelled, little more
needs to be done.
How the IUD works
is still unclear. The
current school of
thought believes that the
device sets up a chemical
state which incapacitates the sperm
or the egg; or that its placement in
the body speeds up the movement of
the ovum (egg) so that it passes
through the tube before becoming
fertilized. As an additional safeguard,
some doctors recommend use of a spermicidal
foam or cream in conjunction with the IUD
—especially during midcycle when conception is
most likely to occur. This approach means that
the IUD loses one of its most attractive features:
the fact that it requires little effort and is
unrelated to the sex act.
Like all other methods, the IUD has its
drawbacks. Some users spontaneously expel the
device. In other cases, excessive bleeding and
cramping or other side effects make its removal
necessary. The IUD is not recommended for
women who have pelvic inflammatory disease or
any abnormality of the uterus or a history of
painful or heavy periods or cancer of the cervix
or uterus.
Sterilization
Male vasectomy is a simple surgical technique
(only a local anesthetic is required) which
involves cutting the ducts
that carry sperm into the
ejaculate. Following
vasectomy, a couple
should use some other
method of contraception until two consecutive
tests show that no sperm remain in the ejaculate.
Many doctors advise a repeat of the test six to
twelve months later to ensure that the ducts
have not grown back together.
Female sterilization (or tubal ligation)
involves cutting the Fallopian tubes that carry
eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. It is a
somewhat more complicated procedure than
vasectomy. Although brief hospitalization is
usually required, new and simplified techniques
make it possible to carry out the operation in
a hospital-based clinic without overnight
hospitalization. The rare failures occur when the
tubes manage to grow back together.
The condom
,"i , min IjillllilillliU
Plain end
Sensi-Shape
liiK^^'
^
"""""'""'"iTiy
The condom is second only
in popularity to the pill as
a method of birth control.
A thin sheath usually
made of rubber or animal
skin, it is put over the
erect penis to catch the
ejaculate. For maximum
effectiveness, the condom
should be used before intercourse to prevent any
escape of semen in fore-
play. It's also important
to withdraw the penis
while still erect to prevent
spillage of semen. Sensi-Shape Ribbed
The effectiveness of the condom, like the
diaphragm, varies with the user. The condom's
only disadvantage is that it must be used at the
time of intercourse, requiring interruption of
lovemaking. On the plus side, it is easy to use,
perfectly safe and offers protection against the
transmission of venereal disease. It can be
purchased at the drug store without a doctor's
prescription.
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JULIUS SCHMID OF CANADA LTD.
32 Bermondsey Road
Toronto, Canada M4B 1Z6 Thursday, March  15,  1979
THE      UBYSSEY
Pag* 3
Society can afford illegitimate kids
By JUDITH MICHAELS
Unwed couples today are less
afraid of the consequences of sex
than their counterparts of the past,
a UBC associate history professor
said Wednesday.
"The situation is different today
because of the availability of
contraceptives and abortions,"
Christopher Friedrichs told 150
people in Buch. 102. "But many
people are still having illegitimate
children and many people do not
use contraceptives.
"Today when people lack the
money for having children they
assume that the community is responsible for helping out, since
looking after the less fortunate is a
fundamental responsibility of
society," Friedrichs said.
But he added that 200 years ago
the birth of illegitimate children
was discouraged mainly for
economical and pragmatic reasons.
"The church went along with the
double standards of the social elite.
Kings were almost expected to
spawn numbers of illegitimate kids.
Men of higher standing were involved with women of the lower
classes as women of elite groups
had to remain utterly chaste. This
was necessary for sociological
reasons such as in the transference
of property."
Although sex was recognized as a
powerful drive, he said, it was
believed that people who could not
support any illegitimate offspring
should effectively restrain themselves.
"In 1578, an old resident of a city
hospital impregnated a lame and
crippled resident of the hospital.
Both were allowed to stay in the city
until the child was born, but after
the birth the unwed couple was
forced out of the town. The two
people concerned were already
public charges and yet they
proceeded to> bring about another
public charge."
Friedrichs said that societies had
limited resources for dealing with
unplanned children, as the growth
of welfare institutions is a fairly
recent phenomenon. How the
community reacted to these pregnancies depended greatly on the
specific cases, he added, and
considerations such as the couple's
ability to bring up the child in a
family setting were taken into
account.
"In 1605 two youths, a stepsister
and stepbrother, were allowed to
sleep in the same room. One thing
led to another and the girl became
pregnant. The wedding was
planned for Nov. 24 but the child
was born on the 23rd. The couple
finally married in January."
Friedrichs added that it is not
easing finding information on the
history of sex as there were no
sociologists, Kinsey reports or
surveys. The sources used for
research are old medical textbooks,
church records and old household
books which instructed husbands
and wives how to run their
households both in general and
sexual matters.
"Probably the best sources on
small town sexual activity are
church records on marriages and
births," said Friedrichs.
"From the baptisms we can
establish what percentage of
children was born legitimate and
what percentage was illegitimate.
Finding out which children were
born in wedlock but conceived
before wedlock involves several
hours of research, but much of the
tedious homework was often done
by the priests or clergymen
themselves."
During the Shakespearean era,
there appeared to be a great
openness about sex, he said. The
plays showed no rigid rules as to
what could be said and children,
unlike today, were not shielded
from information about sex, he
said.
"Maids and children often slept
in the same room with married
couples, separated only by curtains."
Dr. Heroard, who was the court
doctor of King Henry IV of France
wrote detailed information on the
sexual activities of the court, Friedrichs said.
"On writing about the dauphin
(who was to become King Louis
XIII), he said all men and ladies of
court including King Henry
engaged in hours and hours of sex
play with the child, fondling his
genitals and teasing him about who
he'd marry. It was considered
important for the dauphin to grow
up virile as he was expected to
produce several heirs. It was
believed that the younger you got
him started the more virile and
potent he would be."
But it had the opposite effect, he
said, as the dauphin became repressed and did not father a child
FRIEDRICHS...missionary style
for 20 years. This is very different
from the Victorian age and it is
difficult to imagine Queen Victoria
or Prince Albert engaging in such
activities, Friedrichs said.
Women's sexuality, in the past as
often is the case today, was normally discussed by men who might
or might not have known what they
were talking about, he said.
"It was assumed that women by
nature were more sexually
passionate since men were ruled by
their minds and women who
naturally had weak, minds were
ruled by their bodies."
'Bank on nukes'
TORONTO (CUP) — The Ontario Non-Nuclear Network staged
an unusual protest Monday against
proposed new nuclear power plants
for the province, "banking" on
public opposition to their high cost.
The group set up a fake bank
teller's booth outside Hydro Place
and presented passersby with a
"cheque" for $625, which
represents the average cost to each
Ontario resident of the proposed $5
billion Darlington generating station east of Ottawa.
The Network has attacked both
the economic feasibility and the
safety of nuclear power plants, calling instead for an energy conservation program.
Ontario Hydro, which is trying to
raise $300 million in bonds for its
expansion program, came under
fire in the legislature Tuesday for
unnecessary expansion in recent
years.
Liberal leader Stuart Smith
charged that Hydro's over-
expansion is the most serious and
costly example of mismanagement
in Ontario's history.
Investments needed for
university independence'
rf        jp <"*» -*■« ^Blm***. *—S*fc.V».V» H "
'jmf?
— mark rogers photo
FINDING SKELETONS in closets at UBC is easy, but finding places to bury them is often difficult. These
suspicious-looking members of the administration secret service have devised unique way to dispose of potential
embarassments. Cleverly pretending to dig holes for new shrubs, university's agents were not intimidated by
photog Mark Rogers' attention, but nonetheless refused to give their names or let him look in the hole.
CAMBRIDGE (CUP) — Harvard University students have been
warned by the administration that
the university's financial and
academic "independence" could be
threatened if it takes a stand against
holding stocks in corporations with
investments in South Africa.
Two-headed monster eats opposition
ByANNABANANA
Ubyssey Appointments Editor
In a momentous hill-slide victory, Heather
Conn and Tom Hawthorn have soundly
thrashed their opponents for editorship of The
Ubyssey, Tom Hawthorn and Heather Conn.
The "beast with two backs" will take over
the duties of co-editorship of The Ubyssey for
the year 1979-80 after winning 24 votes in what
some have described as an election. Running
second was the word 'no' with one vote and
well behind was the Machiavellian Hawthorn
with one and the not-to-be-trusted Conn with
one.
"We-are-the-best-and-the-brightest," the
candidates chanted in unison when this
reporter pulled the strings in their backs after
the election. "We hope to raise student
awareness of the politics of the neo-leftist anti-
dogmatic socialist view," said Hawthorn.
"What's politics?" said Conn.
Both winners have previous experience as
kewpie dolls and have served during the past
year as city editors for The Ubyssey. Affectionately known as 'the Bossy twins,' they
were elected as co-editors on the condition that
Hawthorn reach drinking age by summer and
Conn no longer be a teenager by the end of her
term.
Conn,  arts 2, majoring in  rudiments  of
English, fled Toronto in 1977 after investigations into the political coloring of her
hair.
Hawthorn, arts 2, majoring in political
silence, came west from Montreal the same
year "out of sheer opportunism."
"I needed fresh ground after Rene
(Levesque) tied up the radical-chic vote," said
Hawthorn Wednesday, his cheeks dimpling in
cherubic innocence.
Conn attributed her running to a life-long
ambition. "Anything to get out of
Etobicoke," she said, her baby-blue eyes
widening.
Outgoing editor Mike Bocking was
"shocked and dismayed." "Half the editors
next year will have a political commitment,"
he said. "I think that's maybe just a little
extreme."
Chris Gainor, editor 1977-78, was contemptuous of the election results. "They'll
never be half the co-editors I was," he said.
"They're featherweights."
Marcus Gee, who served as news guru under
Gainor, was crushed. "They have no sense of
tradition. No sense of taste. No ability, not a
sausage," he said.
Ralph Maurer, co-editor in 1976-77, sneered
when told of the news on the picket line at
Soporific Press. "How can anyone have faith
in their commitment as journalists if they
don't have a typo collection?" he asked.
"They're sycophants, dilettantes and as
soon as I consult my Webster's I'll give you
another epithet to complete the parallelism,"
he said.
Sue Vohanka, Maurer's better half, was
noncommital when reached in Toronto. "Tom
who? Heather who? They're the ones who
wear gumby hats and won't drink, aren't they?
I don't trust anyone who doesn't drink," she
said.
HAWTHORN AND CONN . . . winners of
Chris Gainor co-editor look-alike contest.
Administration president Derek
Bok, in an open letter Friday to
faculty and students, responded to
protests against Harvard holding
stocks in companies dealing in
South Africa or in companies with
unethical business practices.
Bok said educational institutions
could not expect to maintain their
academic freedom "if they insist on
abrogating to themselves the right
to use economic leverage to influence the activities of others."
"Universities that violate this
social compact to do so at their own
peril," he said.
The university's board of
overseers has refused to divest itself
of stocks in companies doing
business in South Africa despite frequent student protests.
Other protests have attacked a $1
million donation to Harvard from a
businessman with extensive ties to
South Africa and the purchase of
products from corporations that exploit citizens of underdeveloped nations.
Bok told the university community that severing relations on moral
grounds might lower Harvard's
revenues, threatening funding for
scholarship programs and teaching
resources.
"There comes a point where symbolism must give way to real threats
of academic freedom, real financial
losses and real administrative
burdens."
"The students deserve some
answers from us," Bok said, and
claimed he wanted the university's
22,000 students to know he was
"wrestling with the problem." Pag* 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 15, 1979
>
(I C O YVk TO B .C. OK P^
Feds kill research
Right now, research funding is below one per
cent of the gross national product.
A decade ago, the figure was 1.2 per cent.
Any fool can tell you that's pennies when
you're talking about serious research development and technological expertise. Canada is lagging far behind the U.S. and other western
countries in this industry. With federal research
funding at its current low level, the government
might as well give us coloring books and put us
in the proverbial little red schoolhouse.
We're regressing fast.
Research is a vital area at any university but
without sufficient funding, it faces a slow death.
Death means being unable to hire highly-
qualified professors to advance research, teach
and inspire others. Death means being forced to
turn away extremely capable graduate students
because there's no money to pay them. With
such a bleak future in research ahead of them,
graduate students get discouraged, enrolment
drops and then high school students feel no
great incentive to come to university, that supposed bastion of higher learning.
UBC's department heads recognize the pro-
Letters
blem and blame it on the Trudeau government.
Since Trudeau came to power in 1968, federal
research funding has dropped from 1.2 per cent
of the GNP to one per cent. Trudeau's government also recently rejected a research proposal
submitted by UBC chemistry head Charles
McDowell. But the United States government
picked it up and is currently funding the proposal
for some of McDowell's colleagues. So we
weren't the winners. When we lose out to our
southern neighbor in areas of research, Canada's
quality, status and recognition in research takes
a nosedive.
Researchers naturally look for greener
pastures when their pockets are empty and so
Canadian talent dwindles quickly to other countries, usually the U.S. Lack of research funding
means missed opportunities and unrealized
potentials in Canada's research sphere and
breeds discouragement and pessimism.
Trudeau's government has recently decided to
increase research funding to 1.5 per cent of the
gross national product by 1983. That sounds like
a petty political promise on the brink of an election.
Disco viewers get vinyl vibes
Who needs it?
I wanna pull on your coats about
something. The matter is the
nauseating practice of disco.
On several occasions I've attended such places to see if they're
as bad as graffiti and letters to The
Ubyssey claim. They're worse, and
the Pit disco is certainly no exception. I've found the only amusement gained during a disco evening
comes in watching the fanatics in
their gear.
Those short little weeps at 5'8"
who are suddenly elevated near 6'
in their Bee-Bop boots are particularly fun to watch with their
shirts half unbuttoned standing
under the disco lights in hopes of
getting lucky. Some of the swim
suits worn by disco women look
okay, but surely this gear must be
very expensive.
Dancing to the disco drone looks
pretty dangerous and one's feet risk
injury from the heavy Bee-Bop
boots and the spiked high-heeled
footwear frequently worn by ladies
of the disco. Although I haven't
seen it at the Pit, I have noticed on
occasion some disco ladies refusing
to dance with anyone but themselves. This is unnecessary and
almost kinky!
Fog currently seems to be the
latest gimmick in the up-to-date
discos. Dropped my wallet once on
the dance floor and when the fog
had lifted so was it. The disco ball,
other   ambient   illuminators   and
mirror displays are even better
illusions. If I ever have the
displeasure of ending an evening at
a disco again, I will make sure I
bring a disco helmet to clamp on
and tune out the audio portion and
light show.
One simply can't go to the Pit on
a Saturday evening anymore to
enjoy a few beers with distractions
like these happening in the
background.
A few times this year I've had the
pleasure of evenings in the
University of Victoria beer parlor.
UVic features a rock band on
Thursday, Friday and Saturday
evenings and the cover charge is
only a buck on the latter two days.
Now, how can anyone here
justify charging the same to listen
to a bunch of multicolored vinyl
that should never be recorded in
the first place? Surely there are
more good rock bands in our vast
city than there are listenable disco
records. After all, something is
better than nothing.
If U. Dick can do without disco
than why can't we? If people(?) at
UBC want to go to discos then let
them go downtown or to the
numerous discos whose notices
clutter up every bulletin board on
this campus.
May I suggest to all disco weeps a
Come lean against a tree
Over the past few years there has
been a lot of hype and enthusiasm
in running. An elite has formed for
these people who run around a
track, a park or a block. The media
has pounced upon "jogging fever"
and a person who jogs can read
hundreds of books and magazines
on the topic.
But what about people like me
who don't run (not that I can't run
but I'd prefer not to). There are
thousands of us beer-drinkin',
donut-dunking non-runners. Yet,
there are no books or guides on
non-running activities; therefore I
feel something should be done in
this regard.
"Non-running" is a very convenient sport. You can do it at
home, at work or in the car. You
can non-run in your spare time.
There are many places where one
can non-run. You can lean against a
tree or lie down on your couch.
"Non-running" has been a sport
for quite a few years. It was
believed to have been originated by
Calvin Coolidge, but some say
John Diefenbaker started it when
he was a young boy. The sport of
non-running has a hall of fame in
Moncton, New Brunswick with
names of non-running greats such
as W.A.C. Bennett, Gordon
Sinclair, and more recently, .Paul
Sole of Canada After Dark. The
hall of fame has such record
holders as Tommy Newsom of the
THE UBYSSEY
MARCH 15, 1979
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member. Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in
room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 22t~3977.
Editor: Mike Bocking
A new era dawned upon the Ubyssey. Reich Fuehrers Tom Hawthorn and Heather Conn took command
of the Third Retch, and brown-shirted little staffers scurried around in excitement. Peter Menyasz chortled!
with anticipation for the announcement that he was to head the new Luft-telefunkenbuch-waffe, while-
Mark Rogers and Thomas Chan fantasized being behind the throttles of their shiny new Messerschmitts.
Ex-chancellor Mike Von Bocking gracefully retired to his palatial estate on Barclay street in the west end
with his favorite concubine Jan Nicol, and thanked his lucky stars that he would not be blamed for the
military disasters that were to come. Kevin McGee dreamed of leading a Panzer attack through the Libyan
deserts, and then remembered that he hated hot sand on his feet. Verne McDonald gloated over his certain
elevation to minister of propaganda, maybe now people would believe what he said. Judith Michaels and
Wendy Hunt trembled with fear, as they'd read their history and knew what roles women an played in the.
scenario. Ross Burnett looked through his zoom lens and shrieked "dive, dive, you schweinhundsl" Geof
Wheelwright looked forward to a promising career as Reichsarchitect, while sister Julie waited on the
sidelines to write the definitive book for the occasion.
SKJ
NBC orchestra, who hasn't run
since he was 11 years old and Ron
Basford, who said he has never run
in his life. Other greats are Hubert
Humphrey, who, by the way, still
isn't running, senator Goldwater,
who never ran through Malibu, and
George Wallace, who isn't running
in the sitting position.
There is a lot to be said for non-
running. One can do it at any age
and non-running is the only sport
one can do after death. So take that
track suit off, lie on the sofa and
get into inaction.
Paul Gaylie
science 2
Take me, take me
Dear Miss Carrington:
Like you, I was rather surprised
by the response you received to
your original letter regarding
campus romance, or the lack
thereof. However, I was further
surprised at the length of time it
took you to reply to Mr. Lane's
invitation. Obviously, something
was troubling you. Was it his age or
the idea of spending an evening
alone with a complete (although
romantic) stranger?
I mention his age as a possible
deterrent since he is merely a freshman and you are at least two years
his senior. Furthermore, I realize
you may be a little hesitant about
meeting and spending an entire
evening alone with someone you
have never met. Whichever may
have been the actual problem, I
think I have a viable alternative.
I suggest we meet under equally
romantic, but less isolated circumstances. Tonight, Songfest will
be held at the Orpheum Theatre,
and I can think of no public place in
Vancouver more romantic. Not
only could we see an excellent show
but  we  could   also   discuss   the
problems in reviving campus
romance over a drink. With this
letter, I have included a ticket to
Songfest, addressed to you, which
you can pick up at The Ubyssey
office, if you so desire.
If you decide to accept my invitation, as I hope you will, I shall
meet you inside the theatre at the
foot of the circular stairway which
leads to the lower orchestra lobby.
You will be able to recognize me by
my brown tweed jacket with tan
suede patches on it. Until then. . . .
John Walker
commerce 3
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be typed and
doubled-spaced.
The Ubyssey reserves the right to
edit letters for reasons of brevity,
taste or libel.
Pen names may be used if valid
reasons are presented and the
writer's real name is given to the
editor for our information.
listen to Frank Zappa's disco boy
(Disco Boy, run to the toilet and
comb your hair). It's time to get
some good music and dance
happening at the Pit.
Brent Foxall
geog 3
supported by:
Mike Ranspot
commerce 4
Briony Penn
k ft 4 i> i i
£.&? WP §> A"
i-^yf^
*■*'       E-.col/eqe
9e y
o lie q e   y Thursday, March  15,  1979
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 5
Letters
After all 9 money grows on trees
For the second time this
academic year students are being
confronted with an Alma Mater
Society fee referendum and are
being bombarded with propaganda
in favor of it.
Obviously its organizers are
determined to railroad the student
body into accepting their own
interpretation of what is wrong
with student services. They see the
problem as one of not having
enough finances available to
support the kinds of services they
want.
However, many students are dissatisfied with what they see as the
inefficiency and wastefulness of the
AMS and so consider that to be the
main problem. Therefore they will
not vote in the referendum or might
even vote against it as a signal to the
AMS to clean up its act.
Yet the efficiency of the AMS is
not and should not be the issue at
stake here. Even if the AMS were
the most efficient body in the world
at allocating funds I would still
have voted no to the referendum
because it is other people's funds
the AMS is proposing to allocate. I
will not have any part in forcing
other students to pay for student
services that they might or might
not want, and whether or not I
want those services myself is
irrelevant.
Just because these services are
currently organized so they require
support from coercively-attained
AMS funds does not make it right
that they do, nor does it make it
right to vote yes and increase the
compulsory burden  on  students.
One might gather from this
argument that I am against having
any AMS fees whatsoever. Obviously I must explain how I expect
student services to be provided
without compulsory fees. Basically,
I think students should pay directly
for those services that they
themselves want.
If students want to have an
extensive intramurals and extra-
murals program then they should
be willing to pay for it themselves
and not expect others to do so.
Similarly clubs like CITR and The
Ubyssey should be self-sufficient.
I am confident that if organizations were more directly responsible
for their own survival, student
apathy would decrease because real
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choices as to which services are
wanted would have to be made.
Nothing discourages student involvement   more   than   the   false
security provided by the current
system which attempts to
"arrange" things for us. The effective solution is to change the
system.
The next problem is how to go
about changing the system. It is
conceivable that a new AMS constitution which abolished compulsory fees could be drafted, but
getting it enacted would be another
matter.
AMS constitutional reform is
difficult and is not a hot issue at
present. Alternatively one could try
to convince the administration to
unilaterally lift the compulsory
requirement for fees, but again that
will be difficult.
In any case, it is inadequate to
just abolish fees, a good deal of reorganization of student services will
have to take place. The dilemma is
that such reorganization might
require constitutional changes, and
if that is impossible anyway, reform
and improvement will have to come
about within the system.
I do not think it is necessary to
work within the system in order to
improve it, however. Rejection of
the referendum should not mean
that services must suffer because
there are practical ways to provide
wanted services without relying on
the AMS.
For example, if people want
some athletic program why don't
they solicit funds by commercializing it? Teams could have commercial sponsors, events could be
patronized by local sporting-goods
stores in exchange for advertisement space, and fund-raising
raffles could be held. All this would
require initiative on the part of
students who are concerned about
the program. The customary ways
of doing things are not sacrosanct,
neither is the authority of the AMS.
My point is that if students really
want services they can find ways of
providing them, they need not go
through "conventional" channels.
I feel the issues are important and
should be debated. Perhaps the
current organizers feel it is easier to
milk unconcerned students for
funds. If so, I hope their consciences cause them insomnia. The
time has come for an end to blind
reliance on coercive authority.
Christian Sorensen
arts 2
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FRIDAY, MARCH 16
SUB 207-9 - 12:30 p.m.
WANTED
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at
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to be held at
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An honorarium of $50 will be paid. Students may be asked to
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CORONET 1
851   CRANVIUE
6856828 Pag* 6
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 15, 1979
UBC SPR1N
General Information
Advisors' N
SPRING CREDIT COURSES
Most courses are held two evenings a week, 7-10 pm, Mondays and
Wednesdays or Tuesdays and Thursdays. Most classes begin April
30/May 1 and end July 25/26. Undergraduate credit fees for 3 units
(unit value in parentheses next to course number) are $132; fees for
11/2 units are $67. Fees include Alma Mater Society fee. Auditors pay
the same fee and submit the same forms as credit students.
A maximum of 6 units of credit may be taken in the May through
August period. Students 65 years of age or over are exempt from
tuition fees in most courses where enrollment permits, but they must
submit application and registration forms and follow course registration procedures.
The UBC application deadline for non-B.C. residents new to UBC is
April 2; application deadline for B.C. residents new to UBC and all
course registrations (without late fee) is April 17. Registration with late
fee to May 3 only.
SUMMER CREDIT COURSES
Most courses are held daily, Monday to Friday for two hours a day,
8 am to 3:45 pm. Classes generally begin July 3 and end August 10.
Undergraduate fees (including Summer Session Association fee) will
be as follows: 6 units (unit value in parentheses next to course
number) for $253; 3 units for $149; 1 Vz units for $66. A maximum of 6
units may be taken in the period May through August. Students 65
years of age or over are exempt from tuition fees in most courses
where enrollment permits, but they must submit application and registration forms and follow registration procedures.
The UBC application deadline for non-B.C. residents new to UBC is
April 17; application deadline for B.C. residents new to UBC is May 15;
all course registrations without a late fee are due June 1. Registration
with late fee to June 15 only.
Education doesn't
it increases oppor
Investigate part-time s
will be available in the
sation Pit from 7 to 9 p
career plans, services
tration procedures, te;
many more subjects.
Come and get acquair
your opportunities.
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
504 (3) Extension Planning and Evaluation (Summer)
ANTHROPOLOGY
200 (3) Introduction to Social Organization (Sp/Sum)
302 (3) Comparative Ethnography of China (Spring)
304 (3) "      Ethnography of the Northwest Coast (Spring)
306 (3) Summer Field Training — Archaeology (Spring)
320 (3) Prehistory of the Old World (Spring)
400 (3) Readings in Theory (Spring)
412 (3) Introduction to Anthropological Problems (Summer)
ASIAN STUDIES
330 (3) History of Japanese Civilization (Summer)
335 (3) Traditional Japanese Literature in Translation (Spring)
BIOCHEMISTRY
300 (3) Principles of Biochemistry (Summer)
BIOLOGY
101 (3)
202(3)
335(3)
444 (3)
Principles of Biology (Summer)
Cell Biology: Structural and Chemical Basis (Summer)
Principles of Genetics (Summer)
Recent Advances in Biology (Summer)
CHEMISTRY
103 (3) General Chemistry (Summer)
205 (3) Physical. Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry (Summer)
230 (3) Organic Chemistry (Summer)
CHINESE
180(6)
200(3)
300(3)
Intensive Summer Course in Chinese (Summer)
Intermediate Chinese (Summer)
Advanced Modem Chinese (Summer)
CLASSICAL STUDIES
305 (3) Classical Myth and Religion (Spring)
331 (3) Ancient History (Summer)
COMPARATIVE LITERATURE
505 (3) New Problems in Comparative Literature (Summer)
COMMERCE
151 (1 Vs) Fundamentals of Accounting (Summer)
191(1%) Business Applications of Computers (Summer)
252 (3) Management Accounting (Summer)
314(1)" Quantitative Methods — Probability and Statistics (Spring)
315(1)' Quantitative Methods — Statistics (Spring)
323 (1 Vz)* Introduction to Administrative Studies (Spring)
331(3) Commercial Law (Summer)
353 (3) Financial Accounting — Intermediate (Spring)
354 (1 Vz) Cost Accounting Systems — Part A (Spring)
356 (3) Management Information Systems (Spring)
358 (1Vz) Cost Accounting Systems — Part B (Spring)
453 (3) Financial Accounting: Advanced (Spring)
591/592 (3) Seminars in Business Policy and Administration (Spring)
'For graduate students only.
COMPUTER SCIENCE
115 (3) Principles of Computer Programming (Spring)
118 (1 Vz) Principles of Computer Programming (Summer)
215(3) Computer Program Design I (Spring)
CREATIVE WRITING
202(3) Creative Forms (Spring)
301 (3) Writing Techniques (Summer)
ECONOMICS
100 (3) Principles of Economics (Sp/Sum)
301 (1 Vi) Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis (Sp/Sum)
302 (1 Vi) Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis (Sp/Sum)
325 (1 Vi) Introduction to Empirical Economics (Summer)
326 (1V2) Methods of Empirical Research in Economics (Summer)
EDUCATION
301 (1 Vi) Introduction to Educational Psychology (Sp/Sum)
302 (1 Vz) Introduction to Educational Evaluation (Sp/Sum)
305 (3) Curriculum and Instruction in Developmental Reading in the
Elementary School (Sp/Sum)
308 (1 Vz) Craft Skills (Summer)
310 (1V?) Growth and Development (Summer)
311 (1 Vz) The Nature and Measurement of Learning (Summer)
312 (1 Vi) Introduction to the Study of Exceptional Children (Sp/Sum)
313 (1V2) Introduction to Teaching the Gifted and Creative (Sp/Sum)
315 (1 Vz) Introduction to the Acquisition of Language in Exceptional Children
(Summer)
316 (1 Vz) Specific Learning Disabilities (Summer)
317 (1 Vz) The Exceptional Child in the Regular Classroom (Summer)
331 (3) Human Development (Summer)
332 (3) Psychology of Adolescence (Sp/Sum)
333 (3) Curriculum and Instruction for Young Children (Summer)
334 (3) The Role of the Teacher in Home and Community (Summer)
341 (3) The Teaching of Children's Literature (Sp/Sum)
370 (1 Vz) Mathematics for Elementary Teachers (Summer)
371 (1 Vz) Methods of Teaching Elementary School Mathematics (Summer)
380 (3) Outdoor Environmental Studies (Summer)
381 (1 Vz) The Library in the School (Summer)
382 (Hi) Services and Programs in Elementary School Libraries (Summer)
383(1%) Selection of Materials (Sp/Sum)
384 (1V2) Selection of Materials (Advanced) (Summer)
385 (1 Vi) Introduction to Cataloguing and Organization ot Library Materials
(Summer)
386 (1 Vi) Classification and Cataloguing (Summer)
387 (1 Vi) The School Library (Sp/Sum)
388 (1V2) The School Library. Sources of Information II (Summer)
394 (3) Teaching French in French Immersion Schools (Summer)
396 (1V2) Curriculum Development and Evaluation (Spring)
400 (3) Philosophy of Education (Summer)
402 (3) Social Studies (Summer)
403 (1 Vz) Mental Retardation (Summer)
404 (3) Curriculum and Instruction in Home Economics (Summer)
406 (1 Vz) Education of Atypical Infants and Children (Summer)
408 (Vh) Programming for the Gifted and Creative (Summer)
412(3) Introduction to Adult Education (Sp/Sum)
413 (1 Vz) Emerging Trends in Secondary Education (Summer)
414 (3) Communication Media and Technology in Learning (Summer)
423 (1 Vi) Principles of Teaching the Hearing Impaired (Summer)
425 (3) Curriculum and Instruction in Art II (Summer)
426 (3) The Role of the Teacher in Guidance (Summer)
428 (1 Vj) Mental Health in the School (Summer)
429 (1 Vi) Education of the Mildly Intellectually Impaired (Summer)
430 (3) History of Education (Summer)
431 (IV2) Programming for Children with Specific Learning Disabilities
(Summer)
432 (3) Adolescent Psychology (Sp/Sum)
433 (1 Vz) The Personal and Social Development of the Adult (Spring)
436 (1 Vz) Behaviour Disorders in Children (Summer)
437 (1Vi) Teaching Maladjusted CNWfen (Summer)
439 (1 Vz) Instructional Television Principles and Application of Non-Studio
Techniques (Spring)
440 (1 Vz) Special Study in Home Economics (Summer)
460 (3) An Introduction to Educational Administration (Summer)
461 (1 Vz) Educational Diagnosis and Remedial Instruction (Summer)
462 (3) Human Development in Education (Summer)
465 (3) Technical Problems in Creative Metal Work (Summer)
470 (3) Educational Sociology (Sp/Sum)
472 (1 Vz) Reading in the Secondary School Classroom: Practical
Implications (Sp/Sum)
473 (1 Vz) Materials of Reading Instruction (Sp/Sum)
474 (1 Vz) Reading in the Secondary School Classroom: Theoretical
Principles (Sp/Sum)
475(114) Corrective Reading (Spring)
476 (3) Remedial Reading (Summer)
477 (1 Vz) Special Topics in Reading (Sp/Sum)
478 (3) Introduction to Teaching English as a Second Language (Sp/Sum)
479 (3) Cross-Cultural Education (Native Indians) (Summer)
480 (3) Advanced Studies in the Language Arts (Summer)
481 (1 Vz) Introduction to Research in Education (Sp/Sum)
482 (1 Vz) Introduction to Statistics for Research in Education (Sp/Sum)
483 (1 Vz) Statistics in Education (Summer)
487 (3) Recent Developments in Elementary Education (Summer)
489 (3) Applied Linguistics for Teachers (Sp/Sum)
490 (3) Special Studies in Elementary Education (Sp/Sum)
494 (1 Vz) Communications Media Programs in Schools — Motion Picture
Film and Television (Spring)
495 (1 Vz) Still Photography in Education (Spring)
Graduate Level Education Courses:
501 (1Vz) Fundamentals of Human Learning and Motivation (Summer)
505 (1 Vz) Special Topics in Human Development and Instruction (Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Adult Education
(Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Art Education
(Summer)
508 (1 Vi) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Guidance &
Counselling (Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods: Introduction to
Advanced Studies in English Education and the Language Arts
(Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Modern
Languages (Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Reading (Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Science Education
(Summer)
508 (3) Review of Research in Educational Methods in Social Studies
(Summer)
512 (1 Vi) Problems and Issues in Special Education (Summer)
615 (1 Vi) Seminar on the Education of Children with Behaviour Disorders
(Summer)
517 (3) Health Education in Schools (Summer)
520 (1 Vz) Educational Policy in Historical Perspecti»e (Sur—.er)
526 (1 Vz) Seminar in Specific Learning Disabilities (Summer)
528 (1 li) Basic Principles of Measurement (Summer)
531 (1 Vi) The Interview and Non-Standardized Measures in Guidance
Services (Summer)
532(3) Tests in Pupil Personnel Services   (Summer)
534 (3) Theory and Research in Teaching Written Composition (Summer)
535 (1 Vz) Assessment and Interpretive Processes in School Psychology
(Summer)
536 (1 Vz) Individual Intelligence Tests (Sp/Sum)
539 (3) Educational Television (Summer)
552 (3) Basic Contribution to Administrative Thought (Summer)
555 (1Vz) Educational Finance (Summer)
556 (1 Vz) Administration of the Educational Program (Summer)
557 (1 Vi) Administration of the Elementary School (Summer)
558 (1 Vi) Administration of the Secondary School (Summer)
561 (1 Vz) Laboratory Practicum in Curriculum (Spring)
561 (3) Laboratory Practicum in Educational Administration (Summer)
561 (3) Laboratory Practicum in Counselling (Summer)
561 (3) Laboratory Practicum in Counselling Skills (Summer)
561 (3) Laboratory Practicum in Mathematics (Summer)
561 (1 Vz) Laboratory Practicum in Special Education (Summer)
562 (3) Foundations of Curriculum (Summer)
563 (1 Vz) Curriculum Evaluation (Summer)
565 (3) Special Course in Current Trends in Data Processing in Business
Education (Summer)
565 (3) Special Course in Trends and Issues in Early Childhood Education
(Summer)
565 (3) Special Course in English Education (Summer)
565 (3) Special Course in Library Studies (Summer)
569 (3) The Regional Junior or Community College (Summer)
572 (3) Seminar in Curriculum Inquiry (Summer)
573 (1 Vz) Advanced Seminar in Research on Exceptional Children
(Summer)
574 (3) Supervision of Reading (Summer)
576 (3) Advanced Seminar in the Supervision of Instruction (Summer)
578 (1 Vz) Counselling Theory and Procedures I (Summer)
580 (1 Vz) Problems in Reading Education (Spring)
580 (1 Vz) Problems in Educational Administration, an International
Perspective (Summer)
580 (3) Problems in Emerging Issues in Policy-Making and Governance in
Canadian Education (Summer)
580 (1 Vz) Problems in Computers for the Whole School (Summer)
580 (3) Problems in Teacher Preparation rn Physical Education (Summer)
586 (1 Vz) Philosophy and Educational Policy (Summer)
590 (3) Current Developments in Higher Education (Summer)
592 (1 Vz) Design and Analysis in Educational Research I (Sp/Sum)
598 (3) Field Experiences (Sp/Sum)
Art Education
100 (3) Introduction to the Plastic and Graphic Arts (Summer)
201 (3) Drawing (Summer)
302 (3) Painting I (Summer)
401 (3) Painting II (Summer)
402 (3) Painting III (Summer)
403 (3) Ceramics and Modelling II (Summer)
413(3) Ceramics and Modelling HI (Summer) Thursday, March  15,  1979
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 7
j & SUMMER 79
It
rantee a job;
y-
at UBC's Advisors' Night. Advisors
ent Union Building (SUB) Conver-
arch 26. Experts will advise you on
able at UBC, application and regis-
ailable for career counseling, and
nave a cup of coffee, and increase
neral Science Education
3 (3) General Science for Elementary School Teachers (Summer)
lustrial Education
D (3) Technology of Woodworking I (Summer)
D (3) Technology of Woodworking II (Summer)
1 (3) Technology of Metalworking II (Summer)
2 (3) Technology of Building Construction I (Summer)
3 (3) Automotive Theory and Practice I (Summer)
4 (3) Pattern-Making arid Foundry Practice (Summer)
3 (1 Vi) Problems in Graphic Representation — Architectural Drafting
(Summer)
3 (1 Vi) Problems in Graphic Representation — Mechanical Drafting
(Summer)
9 (3) Materials Technology in Industrial Education (Summer)
4 (3) Design in Industrial Education II (Summer)
5 (3) Technical Problems in Creative Metal Work (Summer)
7 (3) Automotive Theory and Practice II (Summer)
sic Education
> (3) Instrumental Techniques (Summer)
5(1) Method Studies in Music Education — Introductory Orff (Summer)
3(1) Method Studies in Music Education —Introductory Kodaly
(Summer)
t (3) Orchestration and Arranging (Summer)
IGUSH
0(3)
0(3)
1(3)
2(3)
5(1Vi)
6(1%)
1 (1V4)
3(3)
8(1Vz)
9(3)
0(3)
5(3)
0(3)
4(1Vi)
0(1 Vz)
3(1Vi)
:0(3)
!4(3)
10(3)
19(3)
15(3)
HEARTS
!5(3)
11(3)
.3(3)
!5(3)
>9(3)
'3(3)
15(3)
i7(3)
Literature and Composition (Sp/Sum)
Literature and Composition — Intensive Composition (Sp/Sum)
Major Authors to 1914 (Sp/Sum)
Introduction to Canadian Literature (Sp/Sum)
Introduction to Poetry (Summer)
Introduction to Drama (Summer)
Practical Writing (Sp/Sum)
English Composition (Sp/Sum)
Children's Literature (Sp/Sum)
Modern English and Its Background (Summer)
Practical Criticism (Summer)
Shakespeare (Summer)
Eighteenth-Century Literature (Summer)
The English Novel in the Eighteenth-Century (Summer)
Modern British Drama (Summer Study Abroad)
Contemporary British Drama (Summer Study Abroad)
Canadian Literature (Summer)
Canadian Fiction (Spring)
A Survey of American Literature (Summer)
Studies in the Twentieth-Century (Spring)
Studies in Canadian Literature (Summer)
History of Western Art (Sp/Sum)
Studio I (Sp/Sum)
History of Japanese Art (Summer)
Renaissance and Mannerist Art (Summer)
19th and 20th Century Art (Summer)
Introduction to Art Theory and Criticism (Spring)
Contemporary Techniques: Painting and Drawing (Summer)
Contemporary Techniques: Printmaking (Spring)
FRENCH
105 (3) Beginning French (Sp/Sum)
110(3) First-Year French (Sp/Sum)
120 (3) Contemporary French: Language and Literature (Sp/Sum)
202 (3) Studies in French Language and Style, I (Spring)
220 (3) An Introduction to French Literature (Summer)
302 (3) Studies in French Language and Style, II (Sp/Sum)
306 (3) French Phonetics (Summer)
414(3) Twentieth-Century Drama (Summer)
GEOGRAPHY
101 (3) Introduction to Physical Geography (Summer)
102 (1V2) Introduction to Man-Environment Systems (Spring)
103 (1 Vi) Introduction to the Geography of Canada (Spring)
200 (1V2) Introduction to Cultural Geography (Summer)
201 (1 Vi) Introduction to Locational Analysis (Summer)
324 (1V2) Cultural Geography (Summer)
350 (1 Vz) Introduction to Urban Geography (Summer)
372 (1 Vz) Cartography (Summer)
396 (1V2) Introduction to the Geography of Monsoon Asia (Spring)
481 (1'/z) Geography of Japan (Spring)
495 (3) Geography of Latin America (Summer)
499(3) Geograhy of Canada (Summer)
GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES
105 (3) Physical and Historical Geology (Summer)
GEOPHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
310 (3) Exploring the Universe (Summer)
GERMAN
100(3)
200 (3)
233 (3)
430 (3)
MICROBIOLOGY
200 (3) Introductory Microbiology (Summur)
First-Year German (Sp/Sum)
Second-Year German (Spring)
Intermediate Oral Practiceand Composition (Spring)
German for Reading Knowledge (Spring)
Beginners Greek (Spring)
516 (1 Vz/3)c      Guided Research (Sp/Sum)
GREEK
100(3)
HINDI
300 (3)
HISTORY
135(3)
303 (3)
318(3)
334 (3)
370 (3)
419(3)
424 (3)
429 (3)
430 (3)
438(3)
Introductory Hindi (Summer)
The Making of Canadian History (Summer)
History of the Canadian West (Summer)
England Under the Tudors and Stuarts, 1485-1688 (Summer)
Europe in the 19th Century (Summer)
Topics in Medieval History (Spring)
Great Britain Since 1832 (Spring)
Modern Chinese History Since 1840 (Spring)
History of the American West (Summer)
Development of Canadian External Policy Since Confederation
(Summer)
History of the Soviet Union (Spring)
HOME ECONOMICS
207 (3)
240 (1Vz)
340 (1Vz)
360 (IV2)
454 (IV2)
ITALIAN
100(3)
300(3)
JAPANESE
180(6)
200(3)
201 (3)
300(3)
LATIN
100(3)
Foods (Summer)
Family Resources (Summer)
Problems in Family Finance (Summer)
Design Fundamentals (Summer)
Apparel Design I (Summer)
First-Year Italian (Sp/Sum)
Introduction to Italian for Senior Students (Summer Study Abroad)
Intensive Summer Course in Japanese (Summer)
Intermediate Japanese Reading and Writing (Summer)
Intermediate Japanese Conversation and Composition (Summer)
Advanced Modern Japanese (Summer)
First-Year Latin (Summer)
LIBRARIANSHIP
605 (1Vz) Services for Children (Summer)
608 (1Vi) Legal Bibliography and Information Services (Summer)
651 (1 Vi) Advanced Seminar — Map Librarianship (Summer)
652 (1 Vi) Directed Study — Microforms in the Library (Summer)
LINGUISTICS
200 (3) General Linguistics: Phonology and Grammar Part I & II (Sp/Sum)
350 (3) Language Acquisition in Children (Spring)
420 (3) Introduction to Linguistics (Summer)
MARINE SCIENCE
401 (3)'
Physiology of Marine Plants (Bamfield, B.C.)
402 (1V2)'
Echinoderms (Bamfield, B.C.)
410(3)'
Marine Invertebrate Zoology (Bamfield. B.C.)
411(3)'
Comparative Invertebrate Embryology (Bamfield, B.C.)
430 (3)'
Marine Ecology (Bamfield, B.C.)
'Requires
special admissions procedures.
MATHEMATICS
100(1Vz)
Calculus I (Spring)
101 (1V4)
Calculus II (Sp/Sum)
200 (1Vz)
Calculus III (Summer)
203 (1Vz)
Statistical Methods I (Summer)
221 (1V4)
Matrix Algebra (Summer)
305 (1Vz)
Statistical Inference I (Summer)
307 (IV2)
Linear Algebra (Summer)
310(3)
Geometry (Summer)
311 (3)
Elementary Number Theory and Algebraic Concepts (Summer)
318(3)
Introduction to Random Processes (Spring)
Spring Session Evening Credit Courses
• April 30 and May 1 to July 25 and 26
Summer Session Daytime Credit Courses
• July 3 to August 10
MUSIC
320 (3)
326 (3)
328 (3)
PHILOSOPHY
102(3)    '
201 (3)
214(3)
317(3)
353 (1Vz)
363 (1Vz)
History of Music II (Summer)
Music Appreciation (Summer)
World Music Cultures (Summer)
Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking
Problems in Ethics and Social Philosophy (Spring)
Introduction to Scientific Reasoning (Summer)
Philosophy of Religion (Summer)
History of Modern Philosophy: A (Spring)
History of Modern Philosophy: B (Spring)
PHYSICAL
202(1)
203(1)
216(1)
218(1)
219(1)
224(1)
226(1)
230(1)
241(1)
250(1)
260 (1Vz)
262 (1Vz)
364 (1Vz)
365 (1Vz)
366 (1Vz)
380 (1Vz)
381 (1Vz)
468 (1Vz)
470(1'/z)
PHYSICS
110(3)
155(3)
230(1)
EDUCATION
Artistic Gymnastics (Men and Women) (Summer)
Conditioning Programs (Spring)
Soccer (Summer)
Games, Contests, Relays (Summer)
Volleyball (Summer)
Golf (Summer)
Tennis (Summer) ,
Swimming I (Spring)
Contemporary Dance I (Summer)
Track and Field I (Summer)
Foundations of Physical Education (Spring)
Health I (Spring)
Psychological Foundations of Sport and Physical Activity (Spring)
Foundations of Coaching (Summer*
Physical Activities for Young Children (Spring)
History of Physical Education and Recreation (Summer)
Sociological Aspects of Sport (Summer)
Human Motor Performance (Spring)
Tests and Measurements in Physical Education (Summer)
Mechanics, Electricity and Atomic Structure (Summer)
Mechanics (Summer) ^
Twentieth-Century Physics — Racio Astronomy (Summer)
PLANT SCIENCE
321 (1Vz) Biometrics (Summer)
POLITICAL SCIENCE
200 (1 Vz) The Government of Canada (Sp/Sum)
201 (1 Vz) Foreign Governments (Sp/Sum)
204 (3) International Politics (Summer)
311 (3) International Violence and Its Control (Summer)
322 (1 Vz) Federalism in Canada (Spring)
408 (3) Soviet and East European Politics (Spring)
427 (3) Ethnicity and Politics (Spring)
PSYCHOLOGY
100(3) Introductory Psychology (Sp/Sum)
200(3) Experimental Psychology (Summer)
206 (3) Dynamics of Behaviour (Summer)
300 (3) Behaviour Disorders (Spring)
301 (3) ■ Developmental Psychology (Summer)
304 (3) Brain and Behaviour (Spring)
305 (3) Theory and Personality (Summer)
308 (3) Social Psychology (Spring)
316(3) Methods in Research (Spring)
RELIGIOUS STUDIES
305 (1 Vz) The Religious Thought of the Ancient Near East (Spring)
306 (1Vz) Archaeology and the Bible (Spring)
314 (3) The Origins of Christianity (Summer)
100(3)
Beginner's Russian (Summer)
SLAVONIC STUDIES
206 (3)
Major Russian Writers in Translation (Spring)
SOCIOLOGY
210(3)
Canadian Social Structure (Summer)
220(3)
Sociology of Life-Styles (Spring)
301 (3)
Sociology of Modernization (Spring)
310(3)
Special Studies of Canada — The Sociology of Aging (Spring)
361 (3)
Social Stratification (Summer)
363 (3)
Issues in Sociological Theory (Spring)
473 (3)
Sociology of Mental Illness (Springi
SPANISH
100(3)
First-Year Spanish (Sp/Sum)
200 (3)
Second-Year .Spanish (Sp/Sum)
THEATRE
200 (3) Theatre Practice (Summer)
301 (3) An Introduction to Developmental Drama in Education (Summer)
In some cases, more than one section of a course is scheduled. See the Spring
and Summer 1979 calendar for further information.
Office of Extra-Sessional Studies
The University of British Columbia
6323 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1W5
Telephone: 228-2657 or 228-2581 Page 8
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 15, 1975
'Research cutbacks discourage profs'
From page 1
mula did not allow for any growth
in the program and it is up to Canadian scientists to keep pressure on
the government.
"If you cut down on research,
then you discourage the really good
professors. And then, as a result,
it's the students who suffer."
Graduate studies dean Peter
Larkin said the drop in the number
of students taking graduate studies
Admin tries to aid access
From page 1
"Is it in their best interests or are
they just trying to pad their own
wallets? I see the program as a help
but I'm not sure whether it's going
to get to the root of the problem."
The program would be useful,
but the biggest factors in preventing
students from going to university
are their grades and unemployment, said Karen Dellow, senior
counsellor at Templeton high
school.
"We have a lot of students who
come in and say, 'I'd like to be a
teacher but can I get a job after five
years of university?' "
"The same kind of kids who
could be doing well at university are
making $2,000 a month at a secretarial job," Dellow said.
M. R. Duncan, King George high
school principal, said the program
seems worthwhile.
The main reason students are deterred from university is not the
financial cost but the possibility of
a small job market, said Duncan.
"Students have been subjected to a
fair   amount   of   publicity   about
university graduates who can't get
jobs, so they start to look around
for other possibilities."
Gosbee said there are many
diverse reasons that influence a
high school student's decision
about university, but one of the
least important is the financial cost.
Cinema West
Presents
WOODY ALLEN'S
BANANA'S
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ISRAEL WEEK
FALLAFEL LUNCH
Opportunities for Individual Discussions with
regard to Studying, Travelling, Working and
Living in Israel.
THURSDAY, 15th MARCH
12:30 HILLEL HOUSE
WOMEN'S ATHLETICS
Nominations for
PRESIDENT
VICE-PRESIDENT
SECRETARY
MEMBER AT LARGE
PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICER
Deadline for nomination is 29th March, 1979.
Nomination forms available at Room 208 War Memorial
Gym.
Election Date:
FRIDAY, MARCH 30
Room 211 War Memorial Gym at 12:30
IB
Mtfl
BRING YOUR WHISTLE
PARTY
WEDNESDAY
THE TIME AND PLACE WHERE
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now will affect the production of
graduate students five years from
now.
Larkin said a student signing up
for graduate studies now should
think about job possibilities five
years from now, which he believes
will be excellent, given the current
shortage.
He also said that unless the
federal government takes steps to
rectify the current uncertain situation regarding research funding,
high school students considering a
career in research will be discouraged from entering the field.
Lack' of research funding might
force Canada to import graduate
students in the near future, Larkin
said.
He said current Canadian expenditures on research and development are equivalent to India's, and
that it is a ludicrous situation.
Physiology department head
Harold Copp said enrolment in his
department has been dropping.
Most of the undergraduate students
in his department are, aiming at
entering medicine, he said.
"It's true that funding for
research in Canada has been
miserable in comparison to other
western countries. The present level
of funding is 0.7 per cent of the
GNP and even though the govern
ment has made a goal of doubling
the funding, it is not being achievec
with tremendous haste."
Copp, president of the Academy
of Science of Canada, said the
academy had discussed a program
costing perhaps $20 million per yeai
to enable young Canadian scientists
to survive the anticipated job shortage.
"There's only so much we can
do, but.'^when it comes down to
money it is a political decision," he
said.
Copp said looking after Canada's
young scientists should be an important national priority.
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THE      UBYSSEY
Pags 9
omen us.
omen are finally gaining a
i greater degree of equality be-
) fore the law in Canada, after a
'century of discrimination.
The provincial government's new Family Relations Act and the
federal government's proposed changes in
rape and prostitution prosecution follow in
the wake of agitation by women.
By JAN NICOL
Civil law has denied women economic
power and has been especially detrimental to
married women. When a marriage breaks
down, the law provides only maintenance for
the wife while the "breadwinner" gets all the
loot.
The Family Relations Act, proclaimed this
week by the provincial cabinet, establishes an
equal sharing of family assets between husband and wife after a marriage breakdown.
The governments of Ontario and Manitoba
passed similar legislation last year.
Irene Murdoch's court case in 1975 stirred
the ire of women and led to rapid steps toward reform in the three provinces. The Murdochs were married in 1943 and spent the
next four years working on various ranches
until they had enough money to acquire their
own ranch — in the husband's name. For
five months of each year between 1947 and
1968, Mr. Murdoch was employed in the
U.S. and Mrs. Murdoch worked on the
ranch.
In 1968, Mrs. Murdoch was beaten by her
husband and hospitalized. Soon after, she filed for divorce and fought for a share of the
ranch property.
Her claim reached the Supreme Court, but
that body held that she was not liable to any
assets because the work she had contributed
"was the work done by any ranch wife." The
one dissenting opinion was held by Judge
Bora Laskin, who maintained that Mr. Murdoch should not be permitted "unjust enrichment."
rhe Quebec government has long
had  Canada's  most  progressive
matrimonial laws. All property is
,jointly owned immediately upon
marriage and is equally shared by
both spouses when the marriage breaks up.
Ontario, Manitoba and now B.C. have
passed legislation which acknowledges the
contribution of women in marriage and recognizes that without her work, the husband
cannot acquire assets outside the home.
But the legislation in these three provinces
does not go far enough. The equal sharing of
assets is only enforced upon marriage breakdowns and not during the marriage. And only family assets (the house, car and bank account, for example) are to be shared equally.
All commercial assets (such as company
stocks, business, farmland) are to be divided
at the discretion of the judge, which could
very well lead women back to Irene Murdoch's dilemma.
Some optimism is permissible though. In
an Ontario Supreme Court decision, shortly
after the passage of the 1978 Family Law Reform Act, a Mrs. Silverstein was granted
$180,000 of her husband's property investments.
The judge held that the wife assumed a major share of child care and household management. "Mr. Silverstein was able to devote
more of his time to working in his business
than would have been possible had he been
required to assume his full share of the time
and effort that goes into child care and
household management," the judge said.
"Therefore his ability to earn money to acquire assets was substantially increased."
The judge's statements indicate that attitudes are changing.
Rape convictions will be easier to make if
federal justice minister Marc Lalonde is true
to his word and the federal government includes rape in its new sexual assault laws.
And a married woman who is separated will
male passenger, he can be imprisoned for up
to two years.
A male employer who seduces a female employee is also subject to arrest and a man who
has sexual intercourse with a woman between
the ages of 14 to 16, who is of "previous
be able to bring a rape charge against her husband.
According to a spokeswoman for Vancouver Rape Relief, Lalonde has decided to discard Bill C-52, currently before parliament,
(which deals with rape law reforms), in favor
of drafting a new bill implementing the more
progressive recommendations of the commission on sexual offences. The commission suggests that a separated but still legally married
woman should be afforded legal protection
from being raped by her husband. It adds
that rape should be classified as a sexual offence, subject to punishment at the discretion
of the judge. In the past, juries have been
hesitant to hand out convictions because
possible sentences were so severe.
The present Criminal Code reflects the sexist attitudes of men, in that it seeks to protect
"virtuous" women.
For instance, if a man promises to marry a
woman under 21 years of age and then proceeds to "seduce" her, he can be put in jail
for two year.s.
Or if he works on a ship and seduces a fe-
chaste character," can be jailed for up to five
years.
The federal law reform commission on sexual offences suggests in its 1978 report that
these offences be removed from the Criminal
Code.
Equally apparent in the Criminal Code is
the attitude that "fallen" women should be
punished. The code's treatments of rape victims and prostitutes are apt examples.
fn rape cases, the victim is on trial.
She must prove that she did not
consent to sexual intercourse and
can be asked about her previous
sexual history.
The line of argument used by the accused in a Burnaby court case in 1968 shows the
unfair treatment afforded rape victims.
The facts of the case are as follows. A woman was walking home at 10:30 p.m. when
two men pulled her into their station wagon
and allegedly raped her. Brought to trial, the
two men did not deny having had sexual intercourse with the woman but denied the acts
were committed without her consent.
In his address to the jury, the trial judge
summed up the defence's case as follows:
"Mrs. S. was a willing participant in the
events of that night, that she was an easy
pickup, and that her speedy consent to the
proposition made to her by the accused and
his friend is entirely consistent with the low
reputation which she enjoys in her own
neighborhood."
The judge in a rape case is required to warn
the jury before they adjourn to decide the
case that they are advised not to convict the
defendant solely on the grounds of the woman's testimony. This makes rape convictions very difficult to obtain.
Prostitution laws also deny women equality. Until 1972, a male could not be charged
with being a prostitute. Confusion still reigns
as to whether a male can be convicted of
soliciting. In some cases men have been acquitted and in others they have not.
Streetwalkers — women who conduct their
business in a public place — are charged with
soliciting, but their clients are not. In our
drug laws, the "user" is convicted as well as
the "pusher," yet this philosophy does not
prevail in the soliciting law.
Until parliament enacted the soliciting law
in 1972, streetwalkers were"victimized" by
the law. Charged under the vagrancy section
of the Criminal Code, a "common" prostitute found in a public place was required to
"give a good account of herself" to a police
officer. Clearly streetwalkers were denied
freedom of movement, but failed to successfully defend themselves under the Canadian Bill of Rights. Courts held in two different cases that prostitution was an "acquired" status and therefore could not be
protected on the grounds of "sex" discrimination, which was a status one acquired
with birth.
The federal government is presently attempting to toughen up the soliciting laws,
making it easier for the police to enforce.
NDP MP Stu Leggatt said last Friday he is
attempting to slow down the passage of the
federal government's current bill on prostitution, so that he can push for a law which penalizes the client as well as the prostitute. Leggatt also said that if soliciting for the purposes of prostitution is to be outlawed, the
law must not discriminate between the prostitute and the client.
Except for Leggatt's contribution, parliament is failing to deal with prostitution on a
long-term and effective basis.
Should the world's oldest profession be
legalized or not? Various groups have suggested that an investigation into this question
should be instigated by the federal government.
^i^^ntil our attitudes toward prostitu-
tl    J tion, rape, and marriage change,
^1 / I legislators will not initiate legal
II     I reform. And until legal reform is
made, the judiciary will not act in
a more "just" manner.
In an election year, the federal and provincial
gov'ts are finally enacting equal rights for women Page 10
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 15, 1979
'Tween classes
TODAY
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Women's drop-in, noon, SUB 130.
TRUTCHKEYITE TRIBUNAL
Snellsoc vs. Andrevsky, 7 p.m.. Revolutionary
high courthouse.
CREATIVE WRITING DEPARTMENT
Songs and short plays presented by creative
writing students, noon and 8 p.m., Freddy Wood
Theatre mainstage.
DEBATING SOCIETY
J. Harts speaks on whether Canadian English exists, noon, Buch. 204.
DEPARTMENT OF SLAVONIC STUDIES
Alexander Schmemann speaks on religious
themes in the works of Solzhenitsyn, 3:30 p.m.,
Buch. 3210.
CO-ORDINATING COMMITTEE FOR SLAVONIC
AREA STUDIES
Alexander   Schmemann   speaks   on   religious
trends in eastern Europe, noon, Buch. 104.
FINE ARTS DEPARTMENT
Robert Hudson talks about his work, noon,
Lasserre 105.
UBC HANG GLIDING CLUB
Meeting and slide show, noon, SUB 111.
POTTERY CLUB
Executive elections and meeting, 1:30 p.m.,
SUB 251.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Lunch meeting and discussion, noon, SUB 212.
EAST INDIAN STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Nominations, noon, SUB 211.
CCF.
Special talk by Rev. Dave Thiessen, noon, SUB
125.
FRIDAY
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Women's drop-in, noon, SUB 130.
DEBATING SOCIETY
General meeting, noon, SUB 211.
UNIVERSITY LECTURES COMMITTEE
Lila  Gleitman  lectures on  Herodotus children,
noon, Buch. 102.
Lila    Gleitman   speaks   on   Imperatives   and
pragmatics, 3:30 p.m., Buch. 2225.
AQUA-SOC
General  meeting,  elections and  deposition  of
president, noon, SUB 205.
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Irish folk night, 8 p.m.. International House coffeepiace.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Gay   coffeehouse*   9:30   to   11:30   p.m.,
Theodora's Restaurant at 1812 West 4th Ave.
SRA PROGRAMS COMMITTEE
Cindy Jacquith relates her experience as a journalist in Iran, noon, SUB 207.
SATURDAY
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
St. Patrick's Day disco dance, 8 p.m., International House upper lounge.
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
Stu Cuthbert car rally, 6 p.m., B-lot.
MONDAY
AMS ART GALLERY COMMITTEE
Art education students painting exhibit, 10:30     *
a.m. to 3:30 p.m. until Friday, SUB art gallery.
TUESDAY
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
General meeting, noon, SUB 130.
CASH FOR YOUR
OLD RECORDS
Collector's RPM
BUY & SELL
3623 W. Broadway
Open 12-6 Mon-Sat.        731-3925
BLACK & LEE
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NOW AT
1110 Seymour St.
688-2481
STEREO
SERVICE CENTRE
A worn needle can ruin your records
"Free" Inspection
Most popular stylii in stock
1988 W. 4th Ave. 731-9813
The AMS is asking you for your support in
the $3.00
AMS FEE REFERENDUM
THINK ABOUT IT
$3.00
 i	
Hot flashes
Trou d'eau fo
speak today
Pierre Trudeau, the man whom
Western Canadians love to hate will
try his walking on water routine in
the Aquatic Centre at noon today
before making his way to the student union building to speak to
UBC's great unwashed.
Trudeau is brought to you by the
UBC Liberals and he will probably
talk about how wonderful his
government is and why you should
re-elect him. Rumor has it that he
might even call an election today,
but then again that rumor has
preceded Trudeau everywhere he's
gone for the past year or more.
There is also speculation as to
whether or not the PM will receive
the    "pie"    treatment    used    to
UBC
Graduation
Portraits
since 1969
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732-7446
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welcome Tory leader Joe Clark last
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'Liberalize, liberalize, face the
music' Come and see if Pierre will.
Tory travelogue
And while the Pierre Trudeau
one-man rodeo show is in town,
UBC associate history professor
Charles Humphries wilj speak on
Passion in Canadian Conservatism:
The Road to Political Obliviog in
Buch. 102 at noon.
While Trudeau tells you why the
Liberals should be returned, Humphries will explain how the mighty
Tories will be once again able to
snatch defeat from the jaws of victory.
Subfilms PROUDLY
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USE
UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIED Thursday, March  15,  1979
THI      UBYSSEY
Pag* 11
McGeer's scheme for education without classes still draws
a concerned reaction from UBC's administration president
Open Learning Institute
And now it's time to play
Let's Make a Degree.
Okay, student Smith, you
must choose one of the doors.
Behind one door is a bachelor of
arts with a major in psychology.
Behind another door is a
master's degree in education and
a guaranteed job at the high
school of your choice. Behind
the last door is a set of incomplete marks and a brochure
on how to get a menial job.
No, that's not quite how the
Open Learning Institute is going
to give its students their degrees.
By PETER
MENYASZ
on the quality of such a system
were extremely cautious.
"One had to make sure it was
offering   quality  courses."
Institute director John Ellis
admits there was a lot of annoyance when the institute was first
announced, "The universities
were concerned that we would
produce something third rate."
Ellis says the courses will be
written by acknowledged experts
in the fields of study, probably
from the universities in the
Lower Mainland.
"If we have courses written by
unknown people, the courses are
suspect."
Kenny says UBC has not yet
been approached about lending
because of geography, handicaps, family or work."
It will also be of use, he says,
to the "socially isolated," those
who find campuses forbidding.
The institute will also serve those
who prefer to study independently.
The method of instruction
that OLI proposes is another
issue for debate.
"The most important single
medium will be print," says
Ellis. "We don't know how
we're going to use TV yet."
And if television does play a
part in the instruction, it will
probably be cable TV or videotape, not the transmission
variety.
Provincial education minister
Pat McGeer announced the
establishment of OLI last
February. The institute, based
on Britain's Open University
concept, was mandated to provide university level courses
leading to degrees by correspondence.
But educators are concerned
the institute might draw away
government money for
secondary education.
"To really make it work, it
would be an extremely expensive
program, far in excess of the
universities here on the coast,"
says UBC admininistration
president Doug Kenny. "It
would probably be quadruple
the cost of educating a person at
a university."
Kenny says he is convinced of
OLI's sincerity in trying to offer
high-quality courses, but is
worried that the traditional uni-
The institute was
established to meet
an unmet need,
Ellis says.
professors to help write the institute's courses.
There is also controversy
about what portion of the province's population will be affected by the programs offered
by the institute.
"The idea (of the Open University in Britain) was to attract
lower income groups," says
Kenny. "But they never really
succeeded at that. They found
that people from middle income
It would be
the cost of
a person at
Kenny
quadruple
educating
university,
says.
versities   might   have   to   pay.
"If it (the Open Learning Institute) is at the price of squeezing the coastal universities, that
would be a shame."
Another concern is the quality
of courses offered.
Kenny says that when the OLI
was first announced, his views
groups would take the courses to
advance themselves."
Ellis says he feels many B.C.
residents will benefit from the
institute's programs.
"OLI was established to meet
the unmet need," says Ellis. "It
will serve those adults not able
to get  to  existing  institutions
The British Open University
depends to a large extent on
printed material, but also includes cassette tape presentations, videotape and television
broadcasts.
"Feedback is vitally important," says Kenny. "One of
the reasons it's worked (the
Open University) is students
have instant feedback from their
instructors."
Much of the correspondence
is through the mails, says
Kenny.
"For one thing they have an
excellent postal service in
England."
Ellis explains that OLI will
have qualified instructors
available to the students at
certain times. He also said the
instructors responsible for the
various programs will take it
upon themselves to contact their
students from time to time to
discuss their progress.
Keeping a student's attention
is a major problem for any
educational institution and OLI
is no exception.
Ellis says it will not be such a
major problem as it is for the
established universities. "The
people who want to do courses
with us will be motivated in the
first place."
*^   H *******
Pill ^A»s <W Uy/'
• *
dose amm,
Kenny says he hopes the
courses will not be glorified correspondence courses: straight
material that will lose the
students' interest.
But Ellis is confident the
students will be pleased with the
content of the courses, as the
work will be programmed to
provide a variety of activities.
Large tracts of printed material
will be broken up by cassette
recordings or videotapes.
"After all," says Ellis, "the
successful prof is the one who
varies the tempo of his lectures."
When education minister McGeer first made the announcement of the institute concept on
Feb. 15 last year, administration
officials from UBC, Simon
Fraser University and the University   of   Victoria   expressed
** If OU is established at
the price of squeezing
the coastal universities
it would be a shame "
their shock and dismay that they
had not first been notified of the
plan.
Ellis says the fears of the
university presidents are unfounded and added that he
expects up to 35,000 students to
enrol in OLI's various
programs.
He says he feels the universities are critical because they have
a vested interest in their own
place. "There is a tendency to
put down anything new."
Kenny says he is unsure of
exactly how the institute's programs will unfold, but hopes
that the programs and courses
will be of a high quality.
"My position is cautiously
optimistic," he says.
The Open Learning Institute
plans to have 15 university level
courses fully developed by December, 1979, as well as a basic
adult education program.    _
Much of the material for the
courses will be adapted from the
extensive material received from
the Open University. Some
language will have to be changed
to make it more readable for
Canadian students, but the core
information is pretty much
universal.
It is difficult to understand,
however, when government cutbacks in education spending are
making access to universities
increasingly difficult, how the
massive expenditures necessary
to establish OLI can be justified. Page 12
THE      UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 15, 1979
Tory campaign
.....4. >° %.W . .__ «r
hurt by rednecks i^ggg^iis
e-^^ a^^ i&wz
^fc^ s^tS^ ^,^r
is»s^is t&grKiM* \k\»&$~~*„
Lowell Murray, the Progressive Conservative party election strategist, is worried about Quebec.
He is dismayed at the possibility that
the Tories will draw all their support
from English Canada and pick up only
two or three seats in Quebec. With luck,
he thinks they might get as many as six
to 12 seats there.
By DOUG SMITH
CUP Winnipeg Bureau Chief
The Tories are now "on the right side
of many issues," Lowell thinks. Nor
does he think there is any hostility
towards the Tories in Quebec.
That might be true — and we'll find
out in the spring. But Tories in Western
Canada seem to be doing their best to
stir up and capitalize on many Western
Canadians2 hostility towards Quebec.
This sentiment, most recently brought
to public attention by B.C. municipal affairs minister Bill Vander Zalm's light-
hearted and lyrical reference to Rene
Levesque as a frog, is never far from the
surface in Western Canadian politics.
The examples are numerous: Vander
Zalm said that calling Quebecois frogs
was a "fun thing"; during the October
by-elections, the PC candidate in St.
Boniface, Jack Hare, told reporters he
was not campaigning in the francophone
section of the riding because "the priest
in the pulpit says vote Liberal and what
can you do?"
The Tories are not, of course, the only
ones exhibiting this anti-Quebec feeling.
A recent letter in the Winnipeg Free
Press denounced the introduction of the
metric system as another sign of the
domination of Quebecois culture, since
it was Napoleon who introduced the
metric system to Europe.
One of the most blatant and popular
expressions of anti-Quebec sentiment
was a newspaper column by Brampton
columnist Catherine Ford. The column,
called "Quebec, go suck a lemon," was
reprinted in weekly newspapers across
the West and was used as an editorial by
many radio hotliners. A few extracts:
•   "I would love to speak French,
but I don't want it shoved down
my throat."
H>
Z***""'
^"°»
.WU"'"
from Winnipeg South Centre and one of
the leading rednecks in the PC caucus
was asked about possible reactions to
Quebec separation last year, he
predicted a one-day war.
In his constituency reports,  one of
Western Canada's
rednecks are costing
votes in Quebec,
Tory organizers say
• "Quebec, you're the embodiment
of everything I hate about minority groups."
• "The whining, the yelling, the
screeching about your rights, with
little concern for the rights of
others. I'll let you in on a secret,
your rights end where mine begin
and, when you spit in my face,
expect a reaction."
The column did get a reaction — most
of it favourable.
When Dan McKenzie, the tory MP
McKenzie's favorite ploys is to list what
he calls "The Liberal Appeasement of
Quebec. . . With Your Tax Dollars."
These include such things as:
"MOVING FEDERAL CIVIL SERVANTS FROM OTTAWA ACROSS
THE RIVER TO HULL — QUEBEC.
Even with the threat of separation, the
Liberals are building massive complexes
and turning Ottawa into a ghost town."
McKenzie also claims that Place du
Portage in Hull poses a serious threat to
the survival of the nation's capital.
would have been no Legion Halls to go
to."
In the Portage la Prairie Daily
Graphic, PC MP Peter Masniuk was
blunter. "To the prime minister, bilingualism is apparently more important
than was the Second World War."
The new conscription issue for
Western Canadians is French on their
corn flakes box and the air traffic controllers' issue. McKenzie has lists of importers who have lost money and
businesss because of the packaging
regulations and says his constituents
cannot get many products to which they
have been accustomed.
In the summer of 1976, the government abolished capital punishment,
another of the redneck Tories' favorite
hobby horses, at the same time the nation was divided over the air traffic controllers' strike.
Masniuk blended the two issues into
one article when he pointed out that
Trudeau made one of his few moving
and eloquent speeches in speaking
against the death penalty and also appeared to be supporting Les Gens de
1'Air.
The western Tories are also concerned
over the "francophonization" of Air
Canada. Gordon Ritchie feels the
scheme was one of former president
Yves Pratte's "pet phobia."
Tories like McKenzie also favor some
of the proposals of the Canadian Avia-
Some of the more curious opinions on
the rights of French-Canadians have
been expressed by rural PC's, either in
reports to constituents or in columns
they have in the local papers. One of
their more persistent habits is to tangle
up the prime minister Pierre Trudeau
war record, the Quebec conscription
issue and bilingualism.
Here's Gordon Ritchie in the Dauphin
Herald: "I thought it significant that
Mr. Trudeau spoke about the Legion
Hall because he was the one who got into the famous problem of his age by
reducing it by three years in the 1940's in
order to escape the draft of the Second
World War and who also sat on the platform with Mr. Drapeau, the mayor of
Montreal, when Mr. Drapeau was running as a Bloc Populaire candidate, an
anti-conscription party in the 1940's.
Had all Canadians followed Mr.
Trudeau's lead here at that time, there
tion Fellowship that relate to Air
Canada. These include establishing
Toronto as the main maintenance base,
moving essential units to Toronto to
counter the growing "threat of Quebec
independence," and relocating company
headquarters in Toronto.
Tories like Joe Clark and Robert
Stanfield have been trying to cool the
anti-French sentiment of some of their
Western colleagues. But a Clark government will by definition have many MPs
in its ranks who have told their constituents they are opposed to the Official
Languages Act. These MPs have taken
legitimate complaints with the act and
brought out their anti-French bias.
This time around, the West will be
solid.
And much of it will be symbolized by
the T-shirt cartoon of a beaver strangling a frog encaptioned, "English is the
official language of aviation."

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