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The Ubyssey Nov 3, 2006

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Friday, 3 November, 2006
Dogfish with bacon combos since 1918 Culture
Friday, 3 November, 2006   THE UBYSSEY
Barry White didn't get this deep
at Canadian Memorial Church
October 22
by Emily Bodcnbcrg
In recent years, the small central Asian
republic of Tuva has won a place in the hearts
of North Americans for its unique musical
traditions. The music of Tuva, which borders
on Mongolia, was once accessible primarily
through shortwave radio. It was celebrated by
visionaries like physicist Richard Feynman,
who made it his dying wish to visit Tuva, and
blind American bluesman Paul Pena who
dreamed of participating in a throat-singing
competition; Feynman never made it, but
Pena did. And now Huun-Huur-Tu, "Tuva's
foremost musical emissaries," are touring
North America.
The show was sold out and I found myself
in a long line of ticket holders that included
the uninitiated and ardent fans alike. The latter could be heard boasting of their knowledge of various styles of Tuvan throat-singing
or sharing trivia about the faraway nation of
reindeer herders and steppes, the treeless
plains that make up the bulk of the Tuvan
Once inside the church, Vladimir, the
quartet's manager, primed the audience for
the performance. He described Tuvan throat-
singing as the activation of typically unused
vocal folds, allowing one to produce two or
three tones at the same time.
Vladimir  described  throat-singing  as  a
musical tradition young men learned from
their fathers and grandfathers. Until recently, shamanistic prohibitions forbade women
from taking up the art. It was believed the
practice would make them infertile.
Tuvan throat-singing, added Vladimir, had
only recently taken on a performative element.
It developed as a way for herders to communicate with each other and with the animals
whose landscape they shared.
The four musicians sat facing each other
wearing brightly colored satin robes. The
throat-singing was electrifying, especially the
early solo that began with an unfathomably
low rumble interspersed with a higher flutelike sound, all emanating from the throat of a
single man.
I lost the point where the voices ended
and the instruments began. Their instruments were handmade and I had to look up
a number of them in the brochure to figure
out what they were: an igil, a doshpuluur, and
an Ulan ude. Before each song, Sayan Bapa,
once a member of a Tuvan folk-rock band,
provided a brief translation. A number of
songs were about horses, nostalgia and the
band's love for their isolated homeland.
As the show drew to a close, the audience
sat in a trance-like state, very still with eyes
closed. This all changed as soon as the music
ended. Two standing ovations later and I was
back on the street, grasping more easily
Feynman and Pena's longing for a place
they'd never been before. @
Vancouver Asian Film
November 1-5
The VAFF's tenth anniversary
is taking place at Tinseltown
Theatres,showcasing 40 films
by independent Asian filmmakers from all over North
America.Tickets at
Life After God
November 1-11,7:30pm
Theatre at UBC
Check out this free-wheeling,
spectacular examination of
our quest for transcendence
in the city of seismic shifts—
Vancouver.The play is adapted from Douglas Coupland's
s h o rt sto ry Life A fter God a n d
written by two-time Governor
General's Award finalist
Michael Lewis MacLennan.
Reading for Your Writes
November 5,2pm
Museum of Anthropology
In conjunction with the exhibition Acts of Transformation:
From War Toys to Peace Art,
MOA presents an afternoon
of ideas and interaction with
some of our best local
authors writing about the
roots of conflict, reconciliation and social justice.
Talk of the Town
November 6, 7:30-9pm
UBC Robson Square
Join moderator Hal Wake and
guest Thomas Homer Dixon,
Director of the Centre for the
Study of Peace and Conflict at
University of Toronto, for'The
Upside of Down: Catastrophe,
Creativity and the Renewal of
7:00 Cars (G)
9:30 An Inconvenient
Truth (PG)
UBC PUra Society
S/f . SINCE 1935
7:00 Bill and Ted's
Excellent Adventure (G)
9:30 Office Space (14A)
Admission: 53.50 (non-members) S2.00 (members)
Membership: $10 (students)
For more Info, coll 604 822 3697 or visit www.ams.ubc.ca/clubs/filmsoc
KNOWING:   hu^riiuiij; Indigenous
knowledge into educational auricula.
OPO-VAN and GOSA present a
forum inviting acidemia, indigenous
representatives liikI community
members to discuss the role and impact
that educarion process plays in the
construction or social values and on our
global community. FREE ADMISSION-
Traditional mods and drinks by donation..
Unitarian Church of "Vancouver; 949
West 491h Ave. Mondav November 2(lih.
ANXIETY? Depression? FREE Mental
Wellness Sell-Help Support CI roup
held biweekly on Saturdays (10:30
am — 12:30). Social support network}
Interactive learning experience in a safe,
non-judgmental environment. For more
information call 604-630-6865.
COMMITTEE! 4 paid positions
available! I. Chief Returning Officer
- pay: SI500 +bonuses, 2. Promotions
Officer - pay: $750 +bonuses, 3. Public
Relations Officer - pay: $750 +bt>nuses
4. Events and Logistics Officer - pay:
$750 +botiuses. Go to www.ams.ubc.
ca/jobs to apply now!
Mi. Seymour seeking energetic, qualified
ski/snowboard instructors. Competitive
wages, great perks. Call 604-986-2261 est.
24o; email 5nowsup@mountseymour.com
Downtown swimwear store seeks
permanent parr time sales person. Some
weekend and evening shifts. Resumes
to 190-840 Howe Sr. V6Z 2L2 orbc^
caoemic services
English speaker! ESLh English (speaking,
writing, grammar}, Sciences, Liberal
Arts. Kditint; (Masters and PhD theses,
pipers, hooks). Elizabeth 7783222151
(S.MS onlv), tcheriiia99@hormail.com,
LESSONS. Wage negotiable. Living i
Kits. Call Bindv 604-329-8542.
HATCHBACK. Asking $2700,00.
liiEoiiii.aioi] :hkJ [iholos.it hilyjf
Ii end
To place an ad or a classified, call 604-822-
1654 or visit Room 23 in the SUB (basement).
UBC Film Society
SINCE 1935
The Big
Doors @ 7
Movie @ 8
Must be 19+
Screening @
Norm Theatre in SUB
For more info,
call 604 822 3697 or visit www.
Friday, 3 November, 2006
Editorial Board
coordinating editor Erie Szeto
coordina ting@ubyssey.be.ca
news editors   Colleen Tang &d
Carolynne Burkholder
news@ubyssey.be. ca
culture editor Jesse Ferreras
culture@ubyssey.be. ca
sports editor Boris Korby
sports@ubyssey.be. ca
Momoko Price
photo editor Oker Chen
Champagne Choquer
production@ubyssey.be. ca
copy editor Jesse Marchand
volunteers Mary Leighton
research/letters Andrew MacRae
webmaster Matthew Jewkes
webmaster@ ubyssey. b c ca
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is published every Tuesday and Friday
by The Ubyssey Publications Society. We are an autonomous,
democratically run student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the Ubyssey staff. They
are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey Publications Society or the
University of British Columbia. All editorial content appearing in
The Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey Publications Society.
Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the expressed, written permission
ofThe Ubyssey Publications Society.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press
(CUP) and adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. Please include
your phone number, student number and signature (not for
publication) as well as your year and faculty with all submissions.
ID will be checked when submissions are dropped off at the
editorial office of The Ubyssey; otherwise verification will be done
by phone. "Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but
under 750 words and are run according to space."Freestyles" are
opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be
given to letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is
time sensitive. Opinion pieces will not be run until the identity of
the writer has been verified. The Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
submissions for length and clarity. All letters must be received by
12 noon the day before intended publication. Letters received after
this point will be published in thefollowing issue unless there is an
urgent time restriciton or other matter deemed relevant by the
Ubyssey staff.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified advertising
that if the Ubyssey Publications Society fails to publish an
advertisement or if an error in the ad occurs the liability of the
UPS will not be greater than the price paid for the ad. The UPS
shall not be responsible for slight changes or typographical errors
that do not lessen the value or the impact of the ad.
Room 24, Student Union Building
6138 Student Union Boulevard
Vancouver, BCV6T1Z1
tel: 604-822-2301
fax: 604-822-9279
web: www.ubyssey.bcca
e-mail: feedback@ubyssey.bcca
Room 23, Student Union Building
advertising: 604-822-1654
business office: 604-822-6681
fax: 604-822-1658
e-mail: advertising@ubyssey.bcca
business manager Fernie Pereira
ad sales Bernadette Delaquis
ad design Shalene Takara
Kimberly Rawes, Ross Howell, and Peter Holmes set out on
a road journey across Kazakhstan for make glorious nation
of Canada. Their manager Brandon Adams joined them on
the advice of Kellan Higgins and George Prior,the suburban UK comedy duo known as"PaulBucci."The journey's
first interview was with Elliott Chalmers, Eric Szeto,and
Mary Leighton,who wanted to throw Jesse Ferreras and
Andrew MacRae down a well,following the hit song by
Carolynne Burkholder and Sarah-Nelle Jackson. Boris
Korby,Champagne Choquer and Claudia Li showed off
their sisters and wives. Jesse Marchand and Candice
Vallantin sang the national anthem at a baseball game,
but Momoko Price,Colleen Tang,and Alisha Randhawa
didn't get it. Oker Chen and Levi Barnett tried to intervene.
"WaWee!!"cried Emily Bodenberg and Jennifer Chrumka.
Matthew Jewkes and Candice Okada agreed.
editorial graphic Michael Bround
University       Canada Post Sales Agreement
Press Number 0040878022 THE UBYSSEY   Friday, 3 November, 2006
Douglas Coupland inspires godlessness
by Levi Barnett
Vancouver finally takes centre
stage in a new production by
Theatre at UBC. Using an original
script based on the works of
Douglas Coupland, Life After God
is a collaboration between students in the BFA program on campus and Touchstone Theatre.
Coupland, who recently had his
screenwriting debut with the film
Everything's Gone Green, did
not actually write the stage version
of Life After God. Rather, playwright Michael Lewis MacLennan
adapted the short story 1,000
YEARS (Life After God) from
Coupland's 1994 collection, Life
After God. MacLennan combined
elements of the short story
with    monologues    written    by
UBC Theatre students based on
Coupland's later book City
of Glass, a guide to Vancouver
composed of original essays and
The story follows a group
of reunited agnostic friends
in their early 30s who are disillusioned and struggling with
modern living. As MacLennan
explained, the play "sets the
corrosive effect of cynicism
against our compulsion to raise
up heroes." It's a story about
what happens to people with the
passing of time and what, if anything holds meaning in the characters' everyday lives. In one scene,
tensions flared, curses were
uttered, and a shirt came off as
characters argued while arrested
during a mass demonstration.
Expectations are high for the
show, which features a slew of professional actors working alongside
UBC students in the theatrical BFA
program. After its residence at the
Chan Centre's Telus Studio
Theatre, Life After God will move
to the Vancouver East Cultural
Centre for a second ten-night run.
It's an auspicious turn of events
for playwright MacLennan, who
comes to the UBC stage after serving as head writer on the Yaletown
TV drama Godiva's. Vancouver-
born, he wrote the script at the
urging of director Katrina Dunn
from Touchstone Theatre.
As a production about Vancouver,
with a script involving significant student input and inspired by an authorial genius, Life After God aims for
the divine while courting an audience from a generation raised without theatre. @
Camyar Chai's play is Governor General's cup of tea
by Jennifer Chrumka
When Camyar Chai heard that the
opera he wrote had been invited to
perform at Rideau Hall for the
Governor General, he was only mildly excited.
"As a political person there's
only so much I can jump up and
down," he said. "I was excited that
Michaelle Jean was interested
because I think she's a fascinating
person...but I don't put a lot of
stock into colonial hierarchical
He was happier that the opera
would reach larger audiences,
because for Chai, it has an important
story to tell. The opera is called
Elijah's Kite,  named after Chai's
nearly three-year old son, and it
depicts what children have to deal
with on the playground; namely,
power, aggression and bullying.
Composed by James Rolfe and
written by Chai, the opera premiered in New York at the
Manhattan School of Music. After
its recent performance in Ottawa,
Tapestry New Opera Works will
tour the show to elementary
schools in Ontario and hopefully
across Canada and the United
Chai is the founding artistic
director of NeWorld Theatre, a
Vancouver-based theatre company,
and is pursuing his master's in fine
arts in directing from Theatre at
UBC. He has a string of awards for
acting, directing and playwriting.
When asked what he does for a living he sums it up by calling himself
a theatre maker.
In making Elijah's Kite, Chai and
his partner Rolfe went to elementary
schools in Vancouver and met with
grade three and four children. They
listened to what the kids had to say
and wanted to know what kind of
music they listened to.
"The funny thing was, I went in
completely naive," he said. "I said,
'do you guys listen to Raffi?' And
they laughed at me, they literally
The kids, Chai discovered, prefer 50 Cent, Tupac and Eminem.
"So right away we realised that we
better not talk down to them
because they know a lot more than
they may be given credit for, cer
tainly streetwise, and perhaps
even more than they can handle."
To incorporate the kind of
music the kids listen to, Rolfe the
composer, featured base guitar and
drums, "which in opera is almost
unheard of," said Chai.
The plot of Elijah's Kite is
based on the interviews from the
kids but also from Chai and
Rolfe's own personal experiences.
Growing up, Chai lived all over the
world and when he came to
Canada, small and artistic and the
new kid at school, he found there
weren't enough means to express
"Because there weren't the outlets, one ends up [becoming] a
benchwarmer on a basketball team,"
he said. "I used to have this big guy
on the basketball team that would
slam me against the locker and try to
beat me to a pulp...We ran into each
other as adults and he apologised to
me with a tear in his eye."
"That's why the bully in Elijah's
Kite is three-dimensional. He's got
a sunny side to him, he's got a sensitive side, he's not your archetype
of evil."
There are no archetypal characters in Chai's story and rather than
blame the act of bullying on one
bad kid, the story explores the
impulse for bullying as something
innately human.
"We try to ask difficult questions
as opposed to making it cutesy," he
said. "Everyone bullies to different
degree. Even as adults, we just get
more sophisticated about it." @
Campus  &   Community  Planning
Development Permit Applications
DP 06023: South Campus Lot 1 Highrise (The Wesbrook)
ASPAC Developments Ltd proposes to build an 18-storey, 62-unit residential tower with 7
townhouses on Lot 1 of Wesbrook Place (South Campus Neighbourhood).
DP 06025: St. Marks Duplexes
Matrix Architecture proposes for 4 duplex buildings (8 units total) on Lots 29 to 36 of
Chancellor Place (Theological Neighbourhood).
Pacific Spirit
Regional Park
More information on this project is available on the C & CP website:
These applications are scheduled for consideration by the Development Permit Board on
November8, 2006, Cedar Room, Ponderosa Centre, 2071 West Mall, 5:00-7:00 p.m.;
for directions visit www.maps.ubc.ca
Q   Questions: Lisa Colby, Manager Development Services, C & CP, e-mail: lisa.colby@ubc.ca
,      This event is wheelchair accessible. For more information about assistance for persons with disabilities, e-
O-   mail rachel.wiersma@ubc.ca
Touchstone Theatre
and Theatre at UBC present
1-11 NOVEMBER, 2006   |
TELUS Studio,
Chan Centre, UBC
Tickets 604 822 2678
15-25 NOVEMBER, 2006
Vancouver East
Cultural Centre
Tickets 604 280 3311
6 * L>
Osteal* WWW DUW
FA5TSK5NS Friday, 3 September, 2006    THE UBYSSEY
THE UBYSSEY   Tuesday, 3 November, 2006
So crazy it just might Hforjr: Treating psychosis in Canadian youth
Rs we move out of the shelter of our
childhoods, few of us make the transition from dependence to independence without accumulating a
few neuroses along the way. Some
people get addicted to candy, some start smoking
weed to get to sleep, while others find themselves
struggling with onsets of depression and anxiety.
Some of us, on the other hand, go crazy.
Really crazy. Contrary to what you might believe
about the lines between sanity and insanity,
crossing from one to the other doesn't necessarily take much. What many people don't know is
that today, with the right help, it isn't impossible
to cross back.
Psychosis, defined as losing touch with reality
to the point of disabling your social and occupational functioning, is in fact far from uncommon.
Around three per cent of people will at one point
in their life have a full-blown psychotic episode,
and the large majority of these cases arise right
around the time we start jumping into the real
world—during our late teens and early 20s. But
the extent to which psychosis is recognised in
public circles, whether in a stress management
class or at a mental health fair, makes it seem
like students just don't get psychotic. We get
stressed, we get anxious, we get depressed, but
hey, we don't go off the deep end—do we?
"i mean, what can i say? 'hi
Sweetie, remember that time
i screamed at you and
called you a rapist? man,
I'm so, so sorry about that
-Sarah, UBC student,
successfully treated for bipolar disorder
and manic psychosis
Dr Jeiyll and Ms Hyde
Sarah (whose name was changed for
anonymity) studies science at UBC. She's currently looking into potential supervisors for
graduate studies and trying to finish up the
last year of her undergraduate degree. She's
a chic dresser with a relaxed smile and an
easy laugh. The normalcy of sitting down in a
cafe and having coffee makes breaching the
subject of her psychosis a tad awkward. So we
just jump right into it.
Sarah was recently diagnosed with bipolar
disorder—what used to be called manic-depression. She was treated after suffering her first
manic episode, which she describes as a gradual
acceleration of her thinking over a number of
weeks. Though she says she didn't realise something was wrong until about a week before she
was hospitalised, the signs of a serious problem
could not have been more clear.
By the time her partner and family managed
to get her to the hospital, Sarah had gone from
being unusually talkative to being agoraphobic,
paranoid, unable to eat and unable to sleep. She
was chronically vomiting and compulsively writing all over her arms. Riddled with paranoia, she
was absolutely convinced—falsely—that her
father had abused her and that her partner was a
rapist, ideas that she screamed repeatedly to
whoever would listen.
Even within the confines of the emergency
psychiatric ward, she spent her first few days
cartwheeling down the hallways, singing at the
top of her lungs, trying to break into the nurse's
office in the middle of the night and attempting
to sneak out the hospital windows.
How much of this does she actually remember? "At that point, not very much," she said.
This is often an unfortunate, though perhaps
merciful, consequence of full-blown psychosis,
especially of the manic kind—when it starts getting really out of control, you black out. Between
chemical imbalances screwing up your brain
and the psychiatric intervention of highly potent
by Momoko Price, photos by Oker Chen
sedatives, some patients wake up weeks after the
start of their episode alone in the psych ward
completely unaware that for the last several days,
or even weeks, they'd been out of control.
Mulling over the experience while chewing
on a rice krispie, Sarah is resigned to the fact that
for other people, this kind of behaviour isn't all
that easy to forget
She knows about the perverse accusations
she hurled against both her partner and her
father, in addition to the enormous amount of
distress she put her loved ones through. She
knows about the nonsensical ideas she plied on
her friends and the conspiracy theories she ranted at work. But there's nothing she can do except
laugh wryly at how socially irrevocable her
behaviour may have been.
"I mean, what can I say? 'Hi sweetie, remember that time I screamed at you and called you a
rapist? Man, I'm so, so sorry about that.
Now, months later, Sarah is one of many
young people who survived the unexpected
upheaval of psychosis and has successfully
regained her grip on reality, as well as her station in life. Though at the start of her treatment she had to take large cocktails of sedatives and anti-psychotics to keep calm while
her long-term medication took effect, she is
now only on maintenance doses of lithium to
stabilise her moods. Her mind is clear, her
demeanour calm, her relationships reasonably mended. She's now able to look back on it
all while still looking forward.
Crazy is as crazy does/
Since Ken Kesey's One Flew Over the
Cuckoo's Nest and Susanna Kaysen's Girl,
Interrupted— popular fiction that harshly criticised psychiatric practices in the '60s—it has
become somewhat popular to be skeptical of the
line drawn between "normal" and "crazy." When
debating mental illness and medical intervention people often check themselves and ask: "But
what is 'normal,' really?"
The question is a valid one—cultural norms
dictating irrational or unacceptable thinking can
range so widely they can be in complete opposition to one another. One might assume that
defining "normal thoughts" in Western medicine
would be an intrinsically difficult, mercurial
practice. Indeed, diagnosing mental illness is an
ongoing process, and changes in the Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(DSM), now in its fourth edition, are constantly
being re-evaluated and updated.
Acute psychosis has always been one of the
most easily distinguishable syndromes in psychiatry, alongside major clinical depression. But
surprisingly, many people are not aware of what
behaviour is officially considered 'psychotic'
According to the DSM-IV, acute psychosis is
parsed into two types of symptoms: positive
symptoms—those aspects of the illness that manifest themselves in addition to regular thoughts—
and negative symptoms—those that cause a deficiency in normal behaviour.
Positive symptoms are those we often
think of when we think of the stereotypical
psychotic: hallucinations (usually in the form
of hearing voices,) disorganised speech and
behaviour, and delusions (fixed, irrational,
often paranoid, beliefs.) These symptoms are
usually pretty easy to spot. When your best
friend starts answering questions that were
never asked a la Whoopi Goldberg in Ghost,
or tries to explain to you how their television
is broadcasting their thoughts to the world,
assessing whether or not this behaviour is
"normal" isn't all that hard.
Negative symptoms can be much tougher
to detect. These symptoms simply denote the
worsening of regular thinking: basically, during the throes of psychosis your emotions can
become blunted, your intellectual capacity
dulled, your sociability deadened.
Differentiating between the negative symptoms of psychosis and the standard symptoms
of a mood disorder like depression then
becomes extremely difficult.
Even harder and more crucial to recognise is
the calm before the storm—what is known as the
prodromal stage of psychosis. This preliminary
phase of an episode is characterised by antisocial traits including withdrawal from others,
skipping school or work, anxiety, reduced concentration and irritability. But any parent,
teacher or guidance counselor knows full well
that these symptoms on their own could be
indicative of other stressors and illnesses, or
could just as well be part of the standard routine
of an angst-ridden teen.
Admitting there's a profr
lemJi time
It's unfortunate that such a debilitating illness
begins so inconspicuously, because it's during
the prodromal stage that treatment is likely to be
the most effective and the least stressful. In fact,
if treatment starts early enough, a person can
avoid losing their marbles altogether.
Technically, an accurate diagnosis is easier when
a person is actively hallucinating or delusional,
but medical intervention at this point is often
inevitably traumatic and terrifying.
In Sarah's case, she was so far off the deep
end by the time she got real help she wouldn't
trust anyone, not even her parents. She had to
be tricked into going to St. Paul's Hospital, was
committed against her will, and due to last-
minute emergency circumstances, ended up
shuffled around to the eating disorders ward
before she got stuck in a kind of solitary confinement—locked in an empty room with nothing but a mattress on the floor. She has no recollection of those who visited her during those
first few weeks, partly because she was forced
to take so many drugs—Seroquel, Epival,
Ativan, Clonazepam, you name it—just so that
she'd finally start sleeping again.
When asked if there's anything she wishes
were different about her experience getting treatment, she says she can't understand why she
hadn't been helped earlier on.
"People aren't aware [about psychosis] ...they
don't know how to handle it. But when your partner is throwing up, running around, not sleeping, not making sense and calling you a rapist,
isn't it time to get some help?"
According to Pam Campbell, counselor for the
Fraser Health Early Psychosis Intervention
Program (EPI), this is the problem standing in
the way of easier, more effective treatment.
Combine a psychotic person's inability to assess
their own condition with the general public's
ignorance of how the illness should be dealt with,
and you end up with patients coming to the hospital when they've hit rock bottom, at which
point drastic medical measures need to be taen
just to restore order, letalone get the patientback
on their feet.
Because psychosis so strongly affects a person's perception of reality, simply waiting for
them to realise they need help isn't always the
best course of action.
Campbell put the situation in a common-
sense perspective—one that people who
haven't dealt with mental illness might not
think of: "If you break your leg, your brain tells
you your leg's broken...but if you're having difficulties with your brain, who's [going to] tell
your brain?" she asked.
"The longer you wait, the more ingrained
[psychosis] becomes, so that it can seem normal," said Campbell. "It's like, 'well, I've been
hearing voices for a year now, so it's kind of normal,' whereas if you just started hearing voices
[recently] you can definitely tell it's not normal."
Sarah remembers how, while actively psychotic, she too lost sight of the shore, so to
speak. As her mind spiraled out of control and
she became trapped in a maze of paranoia and
dissociated thoughts, her ability to do simple
tasks, like reading, became impossible. But
terrifyingly enough, though she could see that
written words were no longer making sense to
her, it never occurred to her to get help—since
she couldn't remember if she was ever able to
read to begin with.
Campbell attributes these treatment delays in
part to the abysmal state of BC's Mental Health
Act. Though technically reformed in recent years,
in her opinion, it still has a long way to go in
terms of helping people with mental illness.
Currently, medical professionals are legally
permitted to force a client to start treatment only
if they are considered an "imminent" risk to
themselves or others at the point of intervention.
"There are people who will
say 'i get paranoid whenevER I smoke [Marijuana,]' or
'i get a little weird when
I'm on it/" Those are the
people who are much more
prone to [psychosis.]"
-Dr Bill MacEwan
UB C psychiatrist,
specialist in psychotic disorders
"You have to be at risk of killing yourself or
someone else before you can be legally held
against your will," Campbell explained. "It's pretty awful. I mean, we can see, because we're nurses, that people aren't doing well, but basically
there's nothing we can do to help."
"I had a client once who couldn't get help for
four months because no one would see her, no
one could certify her, and she wasn't getting out
of bed—ever. She wasn't in danger, but she just
wasn't getting out of bed." she said. "That's not a
life. She used to be a teacher, the whole bit, but
[at that point] she just thought that everybody at
work was talking about her."
In Ontario, legislative steps have been
taken to give medical professionals more
power to make patients get treated, but even
these reforms were put in place after things
had gotten way out of hand. Brian's Law—
which gives doctors a marginal increase in the
enforcement of treatment for severely ill
patients—was only conceived after Brian
Smith, a sportscaster from Ottawa, was shot
and killed in 1995 by a man with paranoid
schizophrenia who refused treatment.
The law passed unanimously in 2000 to
improve the province's Mental Health Act, but
one might argue it came too late. Though very
few people with psychosis ever pose a real physical danger to others, it took a fatal gunshot and
a high-profile victim to make the government
wake up and realise that mental health authorities might need a little more authority to get people the help they need.
Cutting in: early intervention
The Fraser Health EPI, manned at the front-
lines by nurses like Campbell, is an initiative
inspired by pro-active, successful psychosis outreach organisations in other countries, like
Australia's well-funded Early Psychosis
Prevention and Intervention Centre (EPPIC).
Their mandate isn't to force more people to
take medication through legal reform, but to
increase awareness about what psychosis
looks like so both patients and loved ones can
spot it early and come in for help while things
are still manageable.
It has been shown in psychiatric studies
that the longer people are psychotic, the
more resistant they are to treatment in the
long run. This is largely due to the accumulation of bad habits like self-medicating with
street drugs and the degradation of social
support, which makes treating any mental illness much more difficult.
People with chronic, untreated psychosis can,
in the worst-case scenario, burn so many bridges
in their day-to-day existence that getting better
doesn't just involve getting their heads straight,
but also picking up the pieces of their shattered
lives. Many lose their jobs, drop out of school, get
hooked on drugs, alienate their friends and even
lose their homes before they get help.
Through educational outreach in schools, as
well as faster access to medical assessment and
treatment, the EPI is trying to get young people in
the GVRD to get help before things get that bad.
By going through EPI, clients can get a psychiatric appointment within two weeks,
whereas waiting in line to see a qualified psychiatrist through the conventional route can
take up to several months. Considering many
people don't even think about getting help
until they're absolutely floundering, waiting
this long just to be diagnosed is practically an
invitation for disaster.
Drugs, drugs, drugs: some
are good, some are bad
UBC psychiatrist Bill MacEwan created the
EPI program to start making the treatment of
youth psychosis a priority in our health system,
considering that successful recovery is so time-
sensitive. One of their major initiatives is educating the public on the nature of psychosis and
making people understand what factors contribute to its onset and what factors contribute to
recovery. Interestingly enough, drugs play a significant role in triggering both.
When it comes to psychosis, genetic predisposition, such as a family history of schizophrenia, and trauma (physical or emotional)
play a large part in triggering a first episode.
But MacEwan stresses that in our current society, with the high prevalence of street drug
use, it's recreational drugs that can have the
largest influence on whether or not a young
person becomes psychotic.
"People use marijuana, cocaine or metham-
phetamines and those can all cause psychosis," he explained. "Usually what will happen is people will experience paranoia or hallucinations or delusions while they're intoxicated...and when the drug goes out of them the
symptoms will go away. However, if you have
a person who has a tendency, like if they have
schizophrenia in their [family background],
their psychosis may linger."
The age at which you start using drugs also
affects your vulnerability to the illness, he
said. "If you're 35 years old and start smoking
marijuana the chance of you getting a psychotic episode that lasts longer is really low. But if
you're 14 years old and smoking marijuana
there's interesting evidence that shows that
that may trigger psychosis...and there's a higher chance that [it] will hang around longer,
and possibly turn into schizophrenia."
The reason for this is that the brains of
fully-grown adults have stopped growing and
changing for the most part, while the brains of
adolescents are still developing, and don't
stop until well into their teen years, sometimes even longer. Tossing crystal meth or
weed into your brain circuitry while it's still
fine-tuning is a very risky game that can
involve long-term consequences, depending
on your genetic predisposition.
Unfortunately, genetic backgrounds don't
display psychotic vulnerabilities very clearly.
Unlike easily predictable, single-gene disorders like Huntington's chorea, chronic psychosis is now thought to be influenced by 20
genes or more. Basically, you could have 18 of
them and be highly susceptible at any given
time, or you could have two and need a pretty
heavy nudge to push you over the edge. Drugs
like crystal meth or cocaine-laced, THC-rich
weed pack a pretty big punch, one that's often
more than enough to do the job.
Wondering how vulnerable you might be?
According to MacEwan, if you've had a bad time
with drugs in the past and are still using, you're
likely putting yourself at risk for a fall you probably aren't ready for.
"There are people who will say T get paranoid whenever I smoke [marijuana,]' or 'I get
a little weird when I'm on it,'" he said. "Those
are the people who are much more prone to
Though MacEwan acknowledges the futility of
telling youth these days to "just say no to drugs,"
he still hopes people who have responded negatively to drugs before will be honest with themselves and stop using. Hopefully by doing so
some kids will manage to skip around the nightmare of psychosis and avoid being swallowed up
by it altogether.
Cucioo's Nest
Paradoxically, many people embrace illegal
drugs they get off their friends, but are incredibly
distrustful of legal ones that doctors give them to
help with their illness. Campbell says that treating clients who don't understand what they need
can be so frustrating she "just wants to shake
them—but you have to be patient"
"It's like they need to experiment a little bit—
they need to figure it out for themselves," she
mused. "I think people have to just come to that
point, but some people never come to it, you
know? We have people who experiment with
their medication all the time, always changing
the dose, and then they complain that it's not
working..it's like, hellol"
Thankfully, it seems that as long as counselors show they want to help, regardless of
whether or not clients take the drugs, patients
eventually come around on their own.
Campbell reflected on a recent case: "We had
one fellow who had missed a few doses, smoked
a bit of marijuana, and came back and said, you
know what? I can't do this anymore. I need to
take medication and I need to stop smoking.'"
Although some clients don't come back for a
year or longer, the EPI's approach is to let them
go as they please and welcome them back with
open arms and no questions, if only to build
trust. Once trust is established, proper compliance to treatment can start and real progress
won't be far behind.
-Pam Campbell
counsellor for the Fraser Health
Early Psychosis Intervention Program
Drugs are only a small part of real treatment,
anyway, Campbell said. The right drugs simply
manage the symptoms, while counseling and
long-term case management are usually needed
to help clients learn to live with the disorder,
make good decisions, handle relapses and generally take care of themselves.
"Medication isn't everything," Campbell
reminds us. Indeed, according to MacEwan,
good social support can be the biggest factor driving a rapid recovery. Which is exactly why programs like EPI and EPPIC have been created.
Treatment for psychosis has come along way
since the days of Ken Kesey's Cuckoo's Nest,
though most people outside of the psychiatric
community are unaware of this. Fifty years ago,
the laws were such that a person suffering psychosis would be branded permanently as schizophrenic and be locked away in a mental institution for years, even decades. Today, a better
understanding of the illness has made the treatment of psychosis, under the best circumstances,
a practice of patience and hope, with an uplifting
record of successful recovery.
Contrary to stereotypes, people aren't 'just
crazy.' They get sick, and like most sick people,
they have the capacity get better, even to be
cured. So one of the most important things that
can be done now is get this message out to those
who are straining to hear it. From there, with any
luck, helping hands can reach out and pull them
in from the darkness of their disorders. @ XWUimilXW: A UBYSSEY SUPPLEMENT
PiYst Nations Issue
Tsimshian masks tell competing stories of BC history
by Kimberley Rawes
Priceless Tsimshian masks and
materials of cultural significance
were auctioned off at the prestigious
Sotheby's Auction House at the beginning of October. With the sale
comes continued commodification
of Aboriginal spirituality and culture.
This event provides a useful look
at three competing interests and values surrounding First Nations culture. Many in the art world believe
they are aesthetically valuable, yet
Canadians feel they are part of a history to be preserved in Museums.
Tsimshian values are generally left
out of the discussion.
The artifacts are part of a history
that does not begin with their sale
from Dundas's great grandson to the
Ken Thompson family.
Dundas arrived at the Christian
community of Metlakatla in
November of 1863. At the time,
Dundas had relied on Duncan who
had set up the missionaries in the
area including Fort Simpson.
Gail Edwards, a BC historian and
UBC professor said that Dundas was
visiting Duncan and his community
to baptise 52 people.
Duncan was required to give the
masks and other items to Dundas as
conversion to Christianity demanded
the abandonment of traditional
objects and names.
"Typically missionaries acquired
objects... when they finished.
Sometimes the mission here in
British Columbia kept things so
Methodist, George Raley, had huge
collections that later ended up in the
Museum of Anthropology here at
UBC," Edwards explained.
She described Dundas's departure to London and death in the early
20th century. His famous collection
was passed through family hands
until Simon Cary, Dundas's great-
grandson, decided to put them on the
auction block at Sotheby's.
These articles, including masks,
feasting regalia, bowls, spoons and
shaman's rattles had been preserved, but had also been played with
by the family over time. Some of the
objects go back to early contact and
all are in remarkable condition.
"Duncan was firm his convert
community would not practice traditional medicine because it was
a continued source of spiritual
power," Edwards said. "For the
Tsimshian, these objects were
removed from their cultural context
and are part of their own history with
deep meaning."
These masks were very powerful
in a time of competing belief systems.
For many First Nations communities, the BC and Canadian governments have imposed restrictions
ranging from legislation to outright cultural destruction—pressures
were put on Aboriginal people to give
up traditional practices andmany
people weren't carving for a long
period of time; poles weren't raised
for years.
There was a ban on spiritual and
economic practice of Potlatching.
Dances weren't being danced which
also meant that new regalia wasn't
being created. Not only does this history tell us about the importance of
the artifacts but it also tells us
about the relationships between
Tsimshian and Europeans.
If Dundas's collection is seen as a
remnant of the past then how can it
have a place within the living culture
and traditions of the Tsimshian people? It has a place, because the rattles, spoons, bowls and masks connect the past and present, asserting a
vibrant living culture for the people
of Metlakatla.
Also, the questionable ownership
of these articles can act as a venue to
open up questions on land claims
and treaty-making,
Many private donors are the only
ones that can afford the cash for
these objects.
"These are Tsimshian objects
that should be returned to the
Tsimshian community," Edwards
argued. "They are specific to them.
They are objects that have meaning. They have significance. [They]
have a history and a context
although some of that may
have been lost in the transmission
between original ownership.
They're embedded in that traditional culture."
"From another perspective,"
Edwards continued, "these are
objects of great significance to
Canada as part of a Canadian heritage of patrimony and to split the
collection, if you want to think of it
that way, means that they'll lose their
context as a set of artifacts acquired
at a specific time and place."
The sale of these masks involves a
central argument around competing
interests. For some, these artifacts
are beautiful to look at and valuable
for their aesthetics alone.
Ken Thompson's son, David,
acquired a number of these objects
from the Sotheby's auction to preserve the collection for Canada. But
as Edwards asked, "do they belong to
Canada? Do they belong to the
Thompson family? Or, do they
belong to the Tsimshian?"
Legislation around repatriation
is slow. Now if they're repatriated
do the objects go to Metlakatla
or Prince Rupert? The same three
voices of value and interest pipe up
to ask the underlying questions: is
it art, culture or religion? Are these
pieces for use? If so, how? Who
To answer this question, I must
consider my positioning as a writer
and non-Aboriginal settler of British
Columbia for six generations. It is
also important to consider my
Edwards explained that, "it is not
my story to tell, so the meaning I
would put on them is an outsider
view that I can speak with but I cannot speak for and I certainly could
say from my limited understanding
of what it might mean to the
Tsimshian for those artifacts to be
This comes with more complications and questions. Instead of
answering them, send your feedback. Write a letter. Talk about this
in a class. @
Ten myths about Aboriginals dispelled by a Metis
by Kyla Lee
First Nations people get free
While First Nations people are eligible for scholarships and bursaries
based on our heritage, it is because
that money has been provided by outside organisations and estates specifically for Aboriginal students. Some
students are also eligible for funding
from their band in order to cover
tuition costs. This amount varies
from band to band. There are no
tuition cuts or breaks for people of
Aboriginal heritage.
All Aboriginal people are brown
or red
There are hundreds of distinct
Aboriginal nations in Canada, many
of which created historical alliances
with white settlers in order to gain
certain advances and technologies.
As a result, many people of
Aboriginal ancestry can have white
skin, blue eyes and blonde hair.
The term "Indian" is a-ok
Actually, Indians are from India. If
you want to talk about the original
inhabitants of this country, use
the words Native, Aboriginal,
Indigenous, First Nations, Inuit, or
Metis. Any others are unacceptable.
First Nations people are very
serious and stoic
They laugh. Some of them even
make jokes about their ancestry.
This does not give you the right to
laugh about it. This does not give
you the right to complain about it.
We are entitled to our history and
to our interpretations and views of
that history.
Native people lost the land fair
and square
The First Nations people did not give
up. They were not colonised and they
did not sign away their land willingly.
The events that happened during the
development of this country were
manipulative and unfair; there was
germ warfare.
Native people deserve what happened to them
The First Nations people did not
have it coming because they took
the land away from the bears and
the deer. Before Europeans arrived
in this country, Aboriginal people
were coexisting with the animals in
a peaceful way.
Aboriginal girls are whores
Aboriginal women are not "cheap
squaws." They happen to have feelings. The overrepresentation of
Aboriginal women in the sex trade
has more to do with colonial racist
attitudes than it does a predisposition
to liking sex and booze.
Aboriginal people are criminals
You know, just like those "blacks,"
stealin' your TV in the night. Just like
all people from the Middle East are
all terrorists. And all Chinese people
eat dog for dinner. The First Nations
people generalisations are no more
true than the ones above.
All Aboriginal art is Haida art
All Aboriginal nations did not make
masks and totem poles. Everyone
knows how many big fat cedar trees
grow in Saskatchewan. Headdresses,
masks, posts, poles, spoons,
soapstone and any other typical
Aboriginal artifacts you can think of
are as unique as India is from
Mexico. There were hundreds of different cultures before contact.
There are no First Nations
people left in Canada
Actually, last I checked, there were
many. Oh, I'm sorry...did you mean
"real" Aboriginal people? The ones
who wear buckskin and bone chokers
and headdresses and dance around a
fire while performing voodoo curses
and banging drums and making
wampum? The ones who will scalp
you and eat your brains raw? Yeah,
actually, I guess there aren't any of
those ones left Weren't any to begin
with either. Funny, that @
Take Action:
No Exceptions!
by Cynthia Khoo
"Indigenous peoples the world over
continue to be among the most marginalised and dispossessed sectors of
society, the victims of perennial prejudice and discrimination."—Louise
Arbour, United Nations (UN) High
Commissioner for Human Rights.
When was the last time your sister
went missing, or your cousin, mother, niece, aunt, or daughter? Did she
turn out to be fine, or was she found
to have been sexually assaulted and
brutally murdered—or perhaps
worse, not found at all? For many
Indigenous women and families in
Canada, it is the latter and not the former that might fulfill the most expectations. The plight of Indigenous
women and their rights—or lack
thereof—has been a longtime yet
largely undocumented blemish on
Canada's record in the international
community, and it is time that something be done to resolve the issue.
That is why the rights of
Indigenous women—in fact of all
Indigenous people—is one of the
three major foci of Amnesty
International's latest campaign,
"Human Rights for All: No
Exceptions." Simple yet powerful, this
concept highlights the discrepancy in
the treatment of peoples' human
rights by various authorities and bodies of government around the world,
several of whom appear to act as if
human rights are more important or
applicable to some groups of people
than to others.
The most prominent example of
this, as mentioned, is the case of the
Indigenous women in Canada,
including those in Vancouver, BC. A
high-profile comprehensive report
was released by Amnesty in October
2004, providing an in-depth look at
nine different cases of "Stolen
Sisters," as the report was titled, as
well as police and government
response to these cases, and the issue
of Indigenous women's rights in general.
One of these cases in particular
shows up police inaction and government inefficacy. Helen Betty Osborne
was a 19 year-old Manitoban Cree
student when she was assaulted and
killed by four Caucasian men in
1971. If she had survived to live
through the investigation of her own
case, Helen would have been nearly
40 years old before just one of her
perpetrators was brought to justice.
Meanwhile, 30 years after her death,
history would repeat itself: body parts
found in Manitoba in June of 2003
were identified as those of Felicia
Solomon, Helen's 16-year-old cousin.
Felicia's killer remains unknown.
Today, November 3, 2006, the
Ubyssey has decided to bring much-
needed attention to the situation of
First Nations people in Canada. At
the same time, Amnesty
International UBC is offering students a chance to take action, by visiting Amnesty's annual Write for
Rights Write-a-thon held all day
today in the SUB Main Concourse.
Whether it's writing a letter to
Indian Affairs Minister Jim Prentice,
or signing a postcard in support of
the UN Declaration on the Rights of
Indigenous Peoples, anything one
does will contribute to making a difference; and as Indigenous peoples,
Amnesty International, and the
Government of Canada have
acknowledged time and time again—
we could use one. @
Friday, 3 September, 2006    THE UBYSSEY
THE UBYSSEY   Tuesday, 3 November, 2006
Resistant culture
wants you to
wake up
Resistant Culture
Welcome to Reality
Seventh Generation Records
by Patty Comeau
Resistant Culture, hailing from Los Angeles, is
taking their political beliefs to the streets with a
unique brand of radical grindcrust. Their
music, a blend of hardcore punk and metal that
makes use of tribal instruments and rhythms,
makes quite the impression. Tracing its roots
back to the late 1980s (then known as Resistant
Militia), the current lineup is strongly influenced by indigenous Turtle Island culture; three
of the four members are of First Nations
descent. Their activist mission includes empowering native youth by using music as a tool of
cultural survival in the face of dominant modes
of waste and self-indulgent destruction.
Their most recent full-length disc, Welcome
To Reality, is an aggressive statement against
capitalist ecological annihilation and war mon-
gering. The sounds of marching soldiers, helicopters, and a voice stating, "it's a nightmare,
it's not a dream...it's a horrible reality," open
the fast-paced and dark track "Hang on to
Singer Anthony Rezhawk's roaring vocals are
complimented greatly by the tight and furious
beats laid down by drummer Ben Axiom, developing an unrelenting politically-charged mania
across the stretch of the album. Meanwhile the
down-tuned and technically complicated riffs
(developed from a classical guitar background)
that characterise guitarist Katina's playing style
are strongly paired with bassist Ralph's grounding in experimental jazz and punk.   "Ecocide"
confronts attitudes that consider the "nature for
profit" attitude held by the controlling powers of
capitalism and "Landkeeper" provides an example of the powerful place that First Nations
music can have in hardcore scenes. @
Hip hop meets cello
Aboriginal artists bring unique music to the Museum of Anthropology
by Levi Barnett
What does a hip-hop cello concert sound like?
Music enthusiasts and curiosity-seekers found
out at a performance held at the Museum of
Anthropology in late October. Half-Cree musician
Cris Derksen played, along with a set by local all-
woman rap duo Rapsure Risin'.
While not many cellists and even fewer MCs
have likely graced the Great Hall of the Museum
of Anthropology in the past, it easily holds up as
one of Vancouver's best concert venues. The
building's post-modern architecture fits well
with Derksen's music, which is unorthodox for
cello, but still tied to classical traditions. It doesn't fit well with the hip-hop label, but that didn't
seem to bother the audience at the Museum of
What Cris Derksen does is play a line of music
on the cello and then record it with an electronic
effects pedal, which then can be repeated in the
background while she plays a new melody over
the music. It makes for great effects and allows
her to do things that are otherwise impossible
without accompaniment. For instance, one song
mixed a background of Derksen playing a snippet of Bach's prelude in C minor with a stamping
drum beat. At the same time she recited slam
poetry and added a layer or cello playing on top,
which created a complex sound for one musician, but worked surprisingly well.
In between songs, Derksen shared an anecdote about her past. "Growing up I was a kind of
punkish kid," she explained. She had pink hair.
When attending a concert at the Chan Centre,
someone told her that she didn't belong there.
Which Derksen finds ironic today, "since my job
is to play cello."
Derksen finished her set with a song entitled
"War Cry," which was originally dedicated to
George W. Bush. No longer using spoken word,
but singing a lilting wail, Derksen's cello and
song made optimal use of her performance setting, with the vocal lamentation and stringed sadness wafting through the cathedral architecture
of the Great Hall, past the half-dozen totem poles
surrounding her and out through the wall of
glass into the open sky beyond. It was quite a
sight and allowed her music to become greater
than herself, reverberating through the Great
Hall's many Aboriginal artifacts.
After Derksen's cello came the youthful pair
that make up Rapsure Risin'. Female MCs
Carrielynn Victor and Theresa Point are members of local Aboriginal groups under the greater
aegis of the Sto:lo Tribal Council and have been
together musically for about a year and a half. To
open their portion of the show, one pointed to
the surrounding totem poles and said that they
would be "singing to the old people." The exhortation could have just as easily applied to the
crowd though, many of whom were grey-haired.
Nonetheless, Rapsure Risin' put on a fine performance.
Featuring more emotion than one normally
sees in hip-hop, Rapsure Risin' explained during
their set that "a lot of our music is about personal development, your mind, your world." With
beats that made the audience nod their heads
and song lyrics that tried to expand their minds,
Rapsure Risin' are clearly trying to go the distance in the rap game.
The fact that they missed a beat to one song
was more than made up by their freestyling
skills, which stood out for being able to say something while keeping rapid rhythm and rhyming
at a rapid clip. Rapsure Risin's rapping cadence
leans to an early to mid '90s style, yet still delivers: they craft raps that are neither Gangsta' nor
preachy. They have a verbal flow stands up
against the best of BC and deserves to be heard
by more than just the 80 person crowd and other
museum patrons who wandered in to listen. @
Aboriginal Peoples Choice Music Awards
Tonight at the Winnipeg MTS Centre
by Candice Okada
The Aboriginal Peoples Choice
Music Awards, the first accredited
award show to feature only First
Nations musicians, begins today.
The awards are part of the Manito
Ahbee, a three-day festival in
Winnipeg, Manitoba, that celebrates
First Nations culture.
The award show provides First
Nations musicians with a stage to
present their talents and promotes
the growth of the First Nations
music industry. As one of the featured artists, Tanya Tagaq Gillis
explained, "Aboriginal musicians, as
well as Aboriginal hip-hop artists
and Aboriginal comedians, help promote the deep and rich Aboriginal
culture that goes unknown."
First Nations culture in Canadian
society remains highly unnoticed.
Issues regarding First Nations people often appear on the evening
news, but the stories usually cover
land treaties, water quality and living conditions on reservations.
Although these problems are
extremely important and crucial to
understanding the current situation
of First Nations people, the emphasis on such issues diverts peoples'
attentions away from a part of the
First Nations community that has
survived, and is thriving.
The First Nations music industry
in both Canada and the United
States is alive and well. A number of
awards shows have emerged to cele
brate and promote First Nations culture. Shows like the Canadian
Aboriginal Music Awards and the
Native American Music Awards feature First Nations talent that is
rarely aired in mainstream media.
Most First Nations musicians in
Canada believe that these award
shows are essential for the recognition of their culture, they are "one of
the steps that has to happen" to promote aboriginal music said Gillis.
In early October, Gillis combined
her Inuk throat singing skills with the
slam poetry and music of fellow First
Nations musician Kinnie Starr. The
performance was outstanding and
unforgettable, a truly unique blend of
traditional First Nations music and
contemporary    indie-rock    tunes.
Despite breathtaking performances
on behalf of both musicians, the
Capilano College Performing Arts
Theatre remained only half full.
Similarly,   across   town   at
UBC's Museum of Anthropology,
cellist Cris Derksen and hip-hop
group Rapsure Risin' also had a
poor turnout for their concert.
The low number of spectators at
First Nations concerts is common because very few people
are aware of the events. Even
Gillis said she had "never really
heard of [the First Nations music
community] before either."
The primary purpose of the
Aboriginal Peoples Music Choice
Awards and this Ubyssey First
Nations Issue is to bring awareness
^M   ^k   to a part of the First
^k        A   Nations community
^^^^^^B    that is often over-
W     M      ■     looked, while still
I       m       I      recognising     the
■        ■      §       problematic
^L    ^     M        situation that
^k^^^V people are forced
V       V to deal with. The
V  ^m following feature
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■ description   of
■ some   prominent
W                  First Nations musi-
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H^H^Hfl       be    attending   the
|^^^^^H      Aboriginal    Peoples
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w&.      K
Hailing from Thompson,
Manitoba, Tracy Bone began
writing music after the life-
threatening birth of her third
child. Her debut CD No Lies
was co-written with fiance
and fellow artist JC
Campbell, an awards candidate himself. The CD
includes the hit singles "The
Air I Breathe" and "Games."
"Games" peaked at number
one on the NCI-FM Top 30
and has been nominated for
single of the year.
Bone's flawless, heartfelt
vocals, combined with impeccable guitar skills produce a
harmony that is all her own.
Although a country singer,
Bone's musical influences
include Alanis Morrissette
and Sheryl Crow. Aside from
her budding musical career,
Bone is a committed mother
of five children, two of whom
are stepchildren, and a full
time employee at the Awasis
Agency of Northern
Manitoba—a Child and
Family Service agency for
Aboriginal people.
Tanya Tagaq Gillis is a world-
renowned Inuk throat
singer. Originally from
Cambridge, Nunavut, Gillis
began practicing the ancient
art of throat singing while
attending college in Nova
Scotia. In just six years she
has risen to the top of the
experimental music scene.
Gillis has managed to
transform Inuk throat
singing into an innovative
expression of emotion. Her
voice is used primarily as an
instrument and is often
combined with computer-
enhanced sounds.
Tagaq has collaborated
with artists Bjork and the
Kronos quartet and toured
the world with various
artists. On her latest CD
Sinaa, Gillis displays her talent through original interpretations of traditional Inuk
throat songs. Gillis is also the
recipient of the Canadian
Aboriginal Music Awards'
"Best Female Artist."
One of Canada's most brilliant up-and-coming country
musicians, Yellowbird can
often be heard on the
mainstream radio station
JRFM and Country Music
Television. Growing up, this
Albertan wanted nothing
more than to be a cowboy.
However, a speech impediment he was born with forced
him to see a speech therapist
Yellowbird's speech therapist
encouraged him to sing and
hum sentences to help
him speak more clearly.
Eventually all the singing and
huming launched him into
his musical career.
His debut CD, Life is
Calling My Name, contains
two hit singles "Beautiful
Concepts" and "Easy."
"Beautiful Concepts" has
been nominated for single of
the year and best music
Currently Yellowbird is
touring Western Canada and
competing is local rodeos,
keeping in touch with his
inner cowboy.
Formed in the early 90s,
Eagle and Hawk have defined
contemporary First Nations
music within both Aboriginal
and non-Aboriginal communities. Their contemporary
rock music incorporates their
Aboriginal roots to produce
melodies of cultural understanding.
Eagle and Hawk have
toured throughout North
America and Europe sharing
their perspectives on First
Nations life. The group
has received a number
of Canadian awards including Junos and Canadian
Aboriginal Music Awards.
Their latest CD Life Is... features three hit singles, including "The Way" which is nominated for single of the year.
The band continues to
write their own songs in an
effort to bring awareness to
First Nations peoples.
An internationally respected
blues-rock performer, Derek
Miller, is a fabulous songwriter and performer. He
has been the recipient of
numerous awards. These
include Juno awards and
North American Music
Awards (Nammy) nominations. In 2003 Miller
received the prestigious
Blues/Jazz Recording award
presented at the Native
American Music Awards.
Along with his new band,
the latest CD The Dirty Looks
measures up to artists such
as John Mayer and Neil
Young. The hit single from
his CD Stormy Eyes has been
nominated for single of the
year and best songwriter.
Miller was also showcased at
the Grammy's last year and
gave an unbelievable performance at the Nammy's.
Natives of Alberta, this hip-
hop group proudly represents the people of their
Staying true to hip-
hop/rap frontrunners,
Reddnation describes the
injustices that First Nations
people face. But they provide
a breath of fresh air to the
stalled First Nations hip-hop
Their mainstream beats
combined with uniquely First
Nations lyrics allow for tracks
that are comparable to top-
charting artists. Formed in
2000, Reddnation has given
unforgettable performances
at the Arctic Winter Games
and the North American
Indigenous Games. They
have toured throughout western Canada, as well as the territories. Reddnation is quickly becoming the most sought-
after First Nations hip-hop
group in Canada.
Pirst Nations Issue 4-
xwulrnuxw: a ubyssey supplement
Friday, 3 November, 2006    THE UBYSSEY
Aboriginal coach gets behind the bench
by Cheata Nao
Ted Nolan is remembered for taking a lackluster Buffalo Sabres team—aside from superstar
goalie Dominik Hasek—that no one thought
had a chance of making the playoffs and turning them into North East Division Champions
in the 1996-1997 season. He is remembered
for winning the Jack Adams award for coach
of the year in 1997.
He is also remembered for having a
volatile relationship with Hasek and was
dubbed by many around the NHL as a "GM
killer" when then general manager John
Muckler was fired after the team lost in the
second round of the 1997 playoffs.
But he is most remembered as the only
Aboriginal coach in the NHL to be unemployed for nine years following such a successful season, playoff loss aside. This is the
Ted Nolan most of us hear about.
What we don't hear much about is Ted
Nolan the motivational speaker, the role
model, the icon or the inspiration to
Aboriginals all across Canada. Maybe it's time
we remember this Ted Nolan.
Nolan, the third youngest of 12 children,
was born on the Ojibwa First Nations reserve
just outside of Sault Ste Marie, Ontario. He
grew up in a house that at times was without
electricity or plumbing. But thanks to his parents the Nolan house was always fully
stocked with cultural pride, strength and the
willingness to dream—all things that came in
handy during his involuntary nine years
away from the NHL.
-Ted Nolan
NHL Coach
While away from the NHL, Nolan dedicated much of his time to First Nations youth all
across Canada—consistently stressing the
importance of staying in school and receiving
an education. In a speech he made at the
fourth annual Aboriginal Traditional
Celebration of Achievement he told the
youths in attendance that "you just can't quit
WISE WORDS: Ted Nolan addresses the crowd at the 2005Ted Nolan Golf Tournament.
in grade ten and expect to get a great job.
Even grade 12 may not be good enough...you
have to get a post-secondary education of
some sort."
Over the years he has given many inspirational speeches to motivate First Nations
youth to always aspire for more. He also created the Ted Nolan Foundation whose mission is to "encourage aboriginal youth to
combine academics and recreation in pursuit of a better future for themselves and
their people."
In the summer of 2006 the foundation
hosted a charity golf event that raised
$50,000. Proceeds went to the Little NHL
hockey tournament for young Aboriginal
boys and girls and to the Rose Nolan memorial scholarship fund. This scholarship fund
is in memory of Nolan's mother who died
tragically after being hit by a drunk driver. It
is a scholarship that provides financial aid
to First Nations women across Ontario who
want to pursue an education.
With all the work he's done to inspire and
motivate youths across Canada it was only fitting that when he returned to the back of a
hockey bench it was with a team of players
aged 16 to 20.
In April 2005 he was hired to be the head
coach and director of hockey operations for
the Moncton Wildcats of the Quebec Major
Junior Hockey League. In May of 2006 he took
the team to the Memorial Cup final only to lose
to the Quebec Ramparts who were coached by
Hall of Fame and former Colorado Avalanche
goaltender Patrick Roy.
His success with the Wildcats has led to
an NHL coaching job when New York
Islander's owner Charles Wang hired Nolan
in the summer to be their head coach.
Finally, after nine years, Ted Nolan is back
behind an NHL bench and more than ready
to take this team back to their glory days
of the 1980s.®
Iroquois Nation takes on the world in lacrosse
by Cheata Nao
Every four years the best athletes from around
the world compete against one another to claim
first prize. No, it's not the Olympics or the
World Cup, but the World Lacrosse
While the rest of the world was still
enthralled over the Zidane headbutt on Italy's
Materazzi, 21 of the best lacrosse nations in
the world were quietly gathering in London,
Ontario for the 2006 World Lacrosse
Championships. One of those teams was the
Iroquois Nationals.
The Iroquois Nation—consisting of six
tribes: the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the
Onondagas, the Cayugas, the Senecas, and the
Tuscarora—became the only Aboriginal team
that was sanctioned to compete in any sport
internationally when it was admitted into the
International Lacrosse Federation in 1990. It
was also the first First Nations team that Nike
has sponsored.
It's only fitting that lacrosse is the only sport
that allows for an Aboriginal team to compete
considering that the game originated from the
First Nations of North America.
The game of lacrosse, as we know it today,
was said to have evolved from a Mohawk "ball
and stick" game called tawaarathon. It was a
game that was deeply spiritual and concerned
with the ideas of bringing honour and glory to
one's tribe. In early Canadian history the game
of lacrosse was one of the rare occasions in
which an element of Aboriginal culture
was completely embraced and accepted by
European settlers.
In fact, lacrosse gained so much popularity in Canada that Parliament named it
Canada's National Game in 1859. Canada
even had a couple of Prime Ministers who
were known for their lacrosse skills. Pierre
Trudeau was quite a player during his school
boy days in Quebec and Lester B. Pearson
started for the Oxford team. Pearson also
became the honourary chairman of the
Canadian Lacrosse Association.
In the 2006 championships the Iroquois
Nationals fell to Australia in the bronze medal
match 21-8. Canada defeated the United States
15-10 in the gold medal game. The loss to
Canada was the first time the Americans had
lost in international competition since 1978,
when they lost to Canada 17-16 in overtime. @
Metis Perspective
by Kyla Lee
My brother and I used to have a club. We built
a teepee in the woods with a tarp and logs, and
talked about our deep, inherent connection to
the spirit world. We called ourselves
"Windians," which stood for White Indians. I
know what you're thinking. You think I'm a
racist. But the truth is, I am not a racist, but
certainly a White Indian. I am Metis.
Metis people are recognised under the
Indian Act as one of three different categories
of "Indians" in Canada, the other two being
Status Indians and Inuit people. Metis people
are also recognised in UBC's policies and protocol for Aboriginal students, as UBC and other
major academic and non-academic institutions in Canada consider Status, Non-Status,
Inuit and Metis people to be members of
Canada's Aboriginal population.
It seems that all the institutions in this
country are willing to accept my Aboriginal
heritage despite my white skin. However, I
have often been met with racist remarks and
blatant ignorance from individuals. On paper
it's fine for me to be an Indian, but in person I
should act white, talk white and be white.
Nearly every time I tell people about my
Aboriginal ancestry, I get the same exact comment: "But you're not a real Indian." For comments like that I have no words. There is a historical reality in this country that created my
race. I am a REAL Metis person. I am the definition of Metis people. Blue eyes and pale skin
do not make you Russian and being blonde
does not make you Scandinavian.
Being Metis on campus has been difficult.
When I speak on behalf of Aboriginal culture
in my classrooms, people often make racist
and ignorant comments to my face, without
being aware of my heritage. And I've had difficulty in asserting my heritage because of
my skin colour. In making comments about
history, I've often been called a racist by the
same people who tell me that because I don't
look Indian enough, I'm not really an
Aboriginal person.
And I'm not just marginalised by my classmates. It's difficult being Metis on campus in
general. Many Metis people at UBC don't feel
welcome at the Longhouse. I'm not blaming
the Longhouse, however I do believe that
some of their assertions are contradictory.
They claim that Stey-Wet-Ten has elements of
every culture in the houseposts, ceremonial
doors and crossbars on the ceiling, yet
nowhere in the great hall is there a representation of Metis culture—not a fiddle, a sash or
the Metis flag.
UBC Housing and Conferences also allows
special priority admission to First Nations students on campus provided they can prove
their Aboriginal heritage. But Metis people are
not issued a Department of Indian Affairs status card, and many people of Aboriginal ancestry do not have status cards thanks to discriminatory legislation and the systemic removal of
status from Aboriginal people over the last
500 years.
Being Metis on this campus is undeniably
hard. Granted, it is difficult to be Metis anywhere. I am part of a growing invisible minority in this country. However, the prevalence of
ignorance about my culture and the difficulty
of the lived experiences of mixed-blood people
everywhere must come to an end. This is the
21st century, and interracial marriages are
normal. Just because I do not look different
from the white majority does not mean I am
not a victim of the racist attitudes and comments typically applied to my darker-skinned
Metis people are not invisible. We walk
around campus in our varying skin tones; we
wear our sashes with pride; we know our history and we aren't afraid to tell it. Remove the
blindfold of cultural ignorance, realise and
accept mixed-blood people as the distinct and
culturally unique people that they are. The
reality of our multicultural Canada is that
more and more often people are becoming
part of interracial marriages. One day, everyone will be of mixed blood. The Metis people
are simply ahead of their time. @
irst Nations Issue 10
Friday, 3 November, 2006   THE UBYSSEY
is it still embezzlement
If It's Announced?
Make the University pay, not students
With so much commotion from
all the construction at UBC, it
often feels like our school was
built on a minefield. And if
commerce students pay any
attention to the new policy
their faculty and student society are hoping to pass this
month, the commotion is only
going to get worse. If enough
votes are collected at the
November referendum on the
recent Faculty of Commerce
building proposal, students
will, for the first time, have to
foot almost a third of a $65
million building project
through a series of fees that
will be put towards commerce
students for the next 2 5 years.
What the Commerce
Undergraduate Society (CUS)
and the Dean will have you
believe is that the proposed
building will provide advanced
technology and bigger classrooms to enhance lectures and
improve the overall quality of
education. If this were indeed
the case, the University would
have considered footing the
bill for this $65 million project
at the start.
The current proposal says
that UBC will not be shelling
out, however. As Associate of
the  Commerce  Faculty Dean
Robert Helsley told the
Ubyssey, the wait to get funding from the University "could
be 15 years." Probably because
the university clued in and
determined that this expenditure wasn't necessary.
The CUS and the Dean, the
biggest proponents of the project, were left with the embarrassing dilemma of getting
funding for a project that their
own university deemed
The solution? Rely on a
hodge-podge of private sponsorship, and stick some student fees on there, to boot.
While soliciting private funding is a tried-and-true method
for helping offset building
costs (i.e. Science Social
Space), having future students
finance the renovations is not.
We don't have to highlight
how tacking an additional
$500 student fee to cash-
starved, debt-ridden students
every year is problematic, but
if the referendum passes this
mandatory fee, will be in effect
for a generation of students.
For a three-year project, 25
years worth of commerce students will be leashed into helping pay off the $20 million
mortgage at $500 a pop each
year, meaning that kids who
aren't even born yet are
already being set up with UBC
fees. That's a little extreme.
Moreover, graduate students
have to suck it up because for
them it will be an extra $1,000
each year, and they don't even
get the chance to vote. The fee
is also subject to inflation with
each subsequent year.
The Dean of Commerce has
pledged that students unable to
meet the financial criteria will
not be left out as they will be
provided bursaries that can be
used to fund these fees for
those struggling students. But
if these bursaries are enough
to offset students' financial
concerns over the fee increase,
then shouldn't they collectively
be enough to lower the fees, or
even cover a larger part of the
building costs?
Let's face it: the priority
here is giving the Sauder
School of Business a shiny new
exterior, not creating a superior learning environment.
Asking students to bear the
brunt of a $250 fee in 2008
and a $500 fee every year
after, on top of their already
substantial student fees, in the
name of the School of
Business's reputation is insen
sitive to student needs, as well
as transparently self-serving.
Commerce students currently pay $526 in student
fees—well above the average
fees of $273 in the Faculty of
Arts or $282 in the Faculty of
Science. Tack on another $500
and that's $1026 in annual
fees you can kiss goodbye.
Instead of thinking about
the prestige the new building
will bring to commerce students —a doubtful claim—students should think hard about
whether they really need a new
building and whether this justifies saddling a future generation of UBC students with a
massive fee.
If commerce students vote
in favour of this idea, it will set
a dangerous precedent for the
rest of UBC's building projects.
Before long, arts students will
be asked to rebuild Brock Hall
and physics students the
ancient and drafty Hennings
Suddenly student fees are
not about services and tuition
is not about a valuable education; it's about whichever
department has the prettiest
Why fix the plumage and
neglect the suffering bird? @
What would you do with an extra $500?
-Andre Coronado
Science, 1
"I'd probably save it
up and travel...! really
want to go to visit
some Mayan ruins"
—Jerome Pasion
Science, 3
"I wouldn't give it to
the Commerce
would buy new tires
for my bike."
-Cathy Mok
Science, 3
shopping, maybe. I
would buy clothes."
—Spencer Cripps
Civil Engineering, 4
"I would buy another
—David Wang
BioChem, 2
"I'd give it for scien tific
that's beneficial to
both business and
—Coordinated by George Prior and Paul Bucci
A Civil Debate and more discourse
by Maayan Kreitzman
Two distinct, but related issues that Alison
Bodine and Nita Palmer brought up in their letter to the Ubyssey "A measured response?"
(October 27) warrant a direct response. The first
is their claim that civility in discourse masks
truth, and furthermore, is irrelevant. The second is the denial of the existence of complexity
or gray areas joined with the use of heavy and
problematic rhetoric, which results in stifled
debate. Both these features confirm the perverse attitude the AMS Social Justice Centre has
adopted towards discourse.
First, civility is not a deterrent to honesty. On
the contrary, the social obligation of civility allows
a multilateral society to function. The call for civility is not to obstruct voices, or serve "as a cover"
but to enable all voices to be heard above the din.
The cynical question Bodine and Palmer posed,
whether "the real problem facing oppressed people in Palestine is a lack of 'civility?'" is a fallacious extension of the concerns we brought up
about discourse on campus to the completely separate issue of the condition of Palestinians in the
region. This fallacy is a willful misrepresentation
of what our letter of October 17 was discussing.
Though, perhaps, an increase in the level of
restraint and civility would be beneficial, not only
to students, as we suggested in our letter, but also
to leaders and residents of the region, who will
ultimately have to come to terms with each other.
In reference to the SJC's September 2 7's
forum, titled "Palestine, Lebanon, and the Israeli
Occupation," Bodine and Palmer state that the
forum was meant for "activists at UBC," and that
the people who advocate civil dialogue "came to
this forum to disrupt it and divert attention from
the forum's issues." These statements indicate
that, first, the forum was specifically targeted to
those already identifying with the organisers' specific brand of 'activism.' This raises the question
of how, and to whom this AMS Resource Centre is
catering. Moreover, the statements show that if
others desire to listen to speakers or participate
in questions following such an event, they are not
welcome, nor do they deserve to be treated
respectfully. After all, if they are skeptical or
ambivalent, why should they be present unless to
disrupt, distract, and silence?
A forum so restricted in direction that its mandate, as stated by the organisers, is to provide a
one-way flow of information from panelists that
agree to audience members that likewise agree is
absurd. By defining their event in such a way,
organisers do away with the discomfort of the
controversies at the heart of Middle East politics.
If all we want is to hear the sound of our own voices, we relinquish meaningful engagement, and
dispose of learning. All we do is wall ourselves
into isolated self-congratulation.
Another method of isolation and estrangement
employed by the center's organisers and speakers
is one of language and rhetoric. During the forum,
Shannon Bundock incited the audience by saying
"this is a time to choose sides"—a message eerily
reminiscent of president Bush's own infamous
"with us or against us" speech. Bodine and Palmer
strengthen this when they repeat in their letter that
"there are no two sides" to issues like the right of
return and the separation fence—two topics of
remarkable complexity and little consensus. While
they feel strongly that they are morally and historically correct, the declaration that "these are facts"
is far more emotional than cerebral.
Laila went so far as to insist repeatedly that
Israeli citizens themselves are victims of
Zionism—a statement so loony it is difficult to
analyse. Saying that there is "racism inherent"
in the Canadian government's statement about
Israel's action ("a measured response") during
this summer's war is another example of heightened rhetoric. It is particularly surprising to see
the racism card played here, where its relevance
to military proportionality is nominal, while one
of the SJC's own speakers hugely oversteps the
most exclusive distinction between criticism of
Israel and Jew-hatred.
Once again: civility, forbearance, and self-discipline are the very social tools that allow for an
open society. They will be essential to any future
negotiated peace in Israel and Palestine. Let's
start here. @
-Maayan Kreitzman
Science 3 THE UBYSSEY   Friday, 3 November, 2006
(CUP)—The Thunderbirds are looking to become just the second host
team in the past 13 years to capture
the CIS women's field hockey
national championship, as they welcome the four best clubs in Canada
to Wright Field for the four day tournament, which began Thursday.
The hometown jinx bit the
Thunderbirds last year when they
lost in the national final to the tenth
shooter—the University of Alberta's
Niki Baumann—in penalty strokes.
UBC made Alberta feel the same pain
when they won in the 2004 final over
the Pandas in Edmonton.
The University of Victoria Vikes
were the last hosts to win in 2000.
The Vikes will seek their record
11th championship this weekend
after missing last year's tournament for the first time since it
began in 1979. The Toronto Varsity
Blues cruise into town with an
undefeated record in Ontario play,
and will be joined by their cross-
town rivals, the York Lions.
The 2006 tournament reunites
the five traditionally strongest programs in the country.
UBC Thunderbirds
Seed: First
Conference: Canada West
2006 record: 6-1-4
Nationals trip: 23rd
Medals: 10 gold, 5 silver, 4 bronze
The reigning CIS silver-medallists have high expectations as they
make their final preparations for
this weekend's tournament. Led by
CIS player-of-the-year Christine De
Pape, the Canada West champions
enter the tournament with only one
loss on the season, a 1-0 setback to
UVic on October 15, which they
promptly avenged one week later in
the CanWest final.
With only nine goals allowed over
the course of 11 games this year,
strong defence will continue to be the
T-Birds' trademark as they welcome
the opposition to Wright Field.
—Boris Korby, the Ubyssey
Toronto Varsity Blues
Seed: Second
Conference: Ontario University
Athletics (OUA)
2006 record: 14-0-2
Nationals trip: 23rd
Medals: 7 gold, 3 silver, 6 bronze
The Toronto Varsity Blues cruised
to a 12-0-2 regular season record,
outscoring their Ontario opponents
by a 62-5  margin. And then they
Wanna \om
<>hdov& corneal?
AMS Elections
Information Session
Friday, Nov 10th at 6pm
in the SUB Council
Chambers (Room 206)
livteves-ted in voluivteevmg -Cov -Bie Ubyssey? TV»i«k
i-t's -too laic io join? I/Vell, -tVi'mk a^a'm-
almost missed the boat (or plane) to
nationals, narrowly surviving penalty
strokes for a 1-0 victory over Queen's
in the OUA semi-finals.
Cailie O'Hara and Amanda
Treacy led the conference champs'
offence with 12 goals apiece, while
defender Malinda Hapuarachchi
and goalkeeper Sarah Goertzen are
a force on the back end. The Varsity
Blues are the only eastern team to
ever have won a CIS title, but haven't
done so since 1996.
—Dan Plouffe
CUP Sports Bureau Chief
Victoria Vikes
Seed: Third
Conference: Canada West
2006 record: 7-1-3
Nationals trip: 25th
Medals: 10 gold, 7 silver, 5 bronze
UVic may be the favourites
heading into the  championships,
despite being seeded third. The
team outscored their Canada West
opponents 25-6 this season, only
losing once. Unfortunately for the
islanders, that loss came in the conference championship game.
The Vikes will be eager to prove
they can win when it counts at the
nationals, and will be looking for big
goals from Canada West's leading
goal scorer and rookie-of-the-year,
Robyn Pendleton. Opponents will
need to beat Danielle Wilson if they
want to win, which won't be easy-
she posted a regular season goals-
against-average of 0.57.
—David Karp, the Martlet, Victoria
Alberta Pandas
Seed: Fourth
Conference: Canada West
2006 record: 3-5-3
Nationals trip: 12th
Medals: 1 gold, 1 silver, 5 bronze
After a 3-5-3 regular season that
made them look like anything but
the defending national champions,
the University of Alberta Pandas will
be out to prove they were not a fluke
at nationals. All three victories on
the season came against the Calgary
Dinos, the doormats of the four-
team Canada West conference, and
Alberta managed only a 0-2-2 record
against UBC, plus a playoff tie, and
was 0-3-1 against Victoria.
In search of a repeat, the
Pandas are led by third-year midfielder Erin Mason, who scored
five goals in Canada West conference play, and fifth-year goal-
tender Sarah Houlihan—the hero
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of last year's championship run.
The defending champions will be
the least experienced of the bunch
in Vancouver, making their 12th
nationals appearance in the program's history.
—Paul Owen
the Gateway, Edmonton
York Lions
Seed: Fifth
Conference: OUA
2006 record: 11-3-2
Nationals trip: 20th
Medals: 5 silver, 2 bronze
The York Lions have been on fire
this year, dropping just two regular-
season games. Despite this streak,
they were unable to defeat their
nemesis, the Toronto Varsity Blues,
to whom the Lions lost 1-0 in the
OUA final. York's first game at
nationals will be a rematch against
their cross-town rivals.
The Lions took full advantage of
playing at home for the OUA championships when they handled
Guelph—which had matched York's
12-2-2 record—in the semi-finals by
a 3-0 score to secure a berth in the
CIS championships. Superstar forward Lauren Conforzi had ten more
goals than anyone else in the country this season with 22 for the Lions.
—Precious Yutangco
Excalibur, Toronto
Round robin play began Thursday
and continues until Saturday. The top
two teams will meet Sunday in the
gold medal game, while three and
four will play for bronze @
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www.oxfordseminars.com 12
Friday, 3 November, 2006   THE UBYSSEY
Sessionals fight for fair employment
by Colleen Tang
There is still a lack of awareness of
sessional lecturers and what it is
that they do. At this year's fifth annual Fair Employment Week (FEW),
sessional lecturers and supporters
showcased their importance to the
UBC community.
According to chair of the
Sessional Faculty Committee,
Petra Ganzenmueller, the objective of FEW is "to showcase the significant and substantive contributions sessional faculty [make] to
teaching, research and service."
The areas that FEW is concentrating on are "sub-standard pay,
oppressive workloads and poor
working conditions that define a
sessional appointment in the
majority of departments, schools
and academic units across both
UBC campuses," she said, adding
that there are specific conditions
the University administration
impose on sessional academics as
Currently 2 7 per cent of the faculty at UBC is considered "sessional," according to Ganzenmueller.
"Despite the highly problematic
nature of a sessional appointment
given the employment inequities
that persist, UBC has increased
rather than decreased its use of
contingent academic faculty at
both campuses," she said. "In
many UBC departments, as much
as 80 per cent of undergraduate
teaching is done by sessional faculty with little or no job security."
James Turk of the Canadian
Association of University Teachers
is working towards getting sessional faculty more job security
and opportunities.
"In reality, sessional professors
are treated worse than full time
professors," he said. "They make a
dramatically   lower   amount   of
money...they're really exploited by
universities badly."
Turk hopes that FEW will help
the University community recognise how vital the sessional faculty
is and "also recognise the unfairness of how they're treated in their
efforts to get more equitable treatment for the part-timers."
Alison Acheson, sessional lecturer at UBC warns people in their
mid-30s and 40s to consider this
occupation thoroughly.
"If they're in their 20s go for it.
If you're 42 don't even think about
it. Seriously, I would say if you
were mid-30s on really think
about it because you're not going
to make enough money without
being subsidised by a spouse or
somebody. "
The uncertainty of a sessional
lecturer makes it difficult to take
on students in the summer.
"By the time April rolls around
you're really attached to students
and you want to do your best
by them," said Acheson. "There's
something really humiliating
about having a student say I want
to work with you over the summer
and saying you know what I'm not
paid to do that, I have to try to
focus on my own work so I can get
a career happening, so I can get a
real job somewhere."
Sessionals lecturers also do not
have the time to research and
write in hopes of getting a tenured
job said Michael Schoen, a sessional lecturer for 15 years.
"We have to teach more to
make less and we don't have the
time or the opportunity to try and
continue with research and development, so it's a double-edged
sword," he said.
"Work harder to earn a living,
work less to try and have an opportunity to develop because again as a
sessional lecturer...it inhibits your
ability to advance." @
LISTEN: Petra Ganzenmueller
wants to inform students about
sessionals. oker chen photo
UBC space elevator team unexpectedly disqualified
byAlisha Randhawa
A team of UBC science students who
entered a NASA sponsored Space
Elevator Competition last month
were unexpectedly disqualified.
Team Snowstar was described by
event organiser Bob Shelef as "by far
the strongest competitor." In spite of
this the team was disqualified after
they were found to be in violation of
one of the rules at the event held in
Las Cruces, New Mexico on October
20 and 21.
NASA's main objective for this
competition is to encourage development of technology that could
one day be used to transport people
and cargo to an orbiting station in
The competition required participating teams to "develop two types
of technologies that are believed to
be required to construct a space elevator," explained Snowstar member
Steve Jones.
One of these required technologies was to build a strong tether
material that, in accordance with
NASA's rules, was not to weigh
more than two grams. The tether
had to carry more weight than
NASA's three-gram tether before
the testing machine would stretch
and break it.
Another rule stated that the circumference of the tether's loop had
to be at least two metres and
Snowstar's tether was a half a millimeter short of this stipulation.
Jones attributed this smaller
circumference to the team's bold
approach as they "pushed the
balance between performance and
mechanical strength very far towards
a high performance climber and that
meant that reliability was going to be
a primary concern."
While Snowstar took a risk in
making power and speed a priority,
Jones said that other teams "were
more conservative in their mechanical design and although they made it
to the top of the cable they did not
have enough power density to do it
fast enough."
While members of Snowstar
realised that their team was a fron-
trunner in the competition, they were
also aware that there was room for
error. The team would have liked
their alternate tethers to have been
considered as "the first tether [to
start] out at over two metres and
when it was handled for the weigh-in
procedure itbecame bunched up and
shorter than two metres," said Jones.
Though frustrated with the
disqualification, which cost Team
Snowstar the $200,000 prize, Jones
said that "the team remained professional and in good spirits," deciding
to participate in a "just-for-fun" competition with the three other disqualified groups.
NASA and the Spaceward
Foundation on Space Elevator
Development, which co-hosted and
sponsored the event, plan to hold
the contest again in 2007. They are
hoping that they can further promote the cost-effective and safer
alternative to rocket travel that will
introduce and inspire the creation
of interesting technologies.
Snowstar remains undeterred
and, with renewed support from its
sponsor TOYOBO, Jones is optimistic about future opportunities.
"Our climber had a very high
power density and so once we go
through some mechanical refinements we already have a leading
edge," he said. @
ETHICS **** NON-religious
BC Humanists
A documentary on the ethical movement called Humanism
which derives its morality from human experience
and not from mysticism.
Directed by Pat O'Brien
Written by Pat O'Brien and Robert Buckman
Produced by Pat O'Brien and Rob Bromley
(Director will be there to take questions.)
Room 213, SUB BLDG., UBC
If you are interested in continuing in
journalism, check out our News section.
Meetings are every Tuesday at 11:30am or
email us at news@ubyssey.b&ca
Department of Psychology
2136 West Mall
Vancouver, B.C.
Canada, V6T1Z4
Tel: (604) 822-2755
Fax: (604) 822-6923
Supervisor: Dr. Jeremy Biesanz
Tel: (604) 827-4003
E-mail: personalityovertlme@gmail.com
Personality & Person Perception Lab:
Paid Research Participants Wanted!
We are currently looking tor roommates or housemates to participate
in a study that evaluates your personality, and how perceptions ot
others change over time.
You can sign up at: www.psycli.nbc.cal—pers-studyl
This is a 3-phase study:
(a) an initial 1-hour questionnaire,
(b) a two-week palm-pilot study involving brief personality reports
five times a day, and
(c) a brief questionnaire once ever)' month for the next \2 months-
There are no risks associated with participation. You will each be
compensated up to £90 for the entire study that takes approximately
4-6 hours to complete over the next year. You will each ALSO be
entered into a draw for 5500 after participating in the initial 1 -hour
questionnaire, and a second draw for $500 if you participate in the
entire study.
If you have any questions, please visit the website or give us a call at
(604) 827-4003, or email us at personality overtime(a]gmail.com.


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