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The Ubyssey Feb 7, 1978

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Array Board seat
to be vacant
—edmond o'brien photo
JADED STUDENTS cross roof of futuristic font of knowledge, Sedgewick library, ignoring picture-postcard
view of aged and decrepit Main library to the east. University flacks and administrators dote on panoramic
view in publicity pamphlets, realizing that rest of campus is rapidly being transformed into Los Angeles of
the north.
Tardiness by the Social Credit
government in making appointments to the board of governors
has resulted in a vacancy for
today's meeting.
The vacant seat is the result of
education minister Pat McGeer's
failure to make the three
remaining provincial government
appointees to the board.
The Socred government has
made five of its eight appointments to the 15-member board but
the remaining three will not be
made in time for today's meeting.
Two former board members who
have not yet been either reappointed or dismissed, Sadie Boyles
and Thomas Dohm, will attend the
meeting, while former member
Pearley Brissenden's seat on the
board will be vacant.
Brissenden has resigned from
the board and asked the provincial
government not to reappoint him,
UBC information services officer
Jim Banham said Monday.
"The net effect of the provincial
government's announcement
(appointing board members) is
that they have named five of eight
persons that will serve three-year
terms on the board and they have
requested two persons to continue
until the new appointees are made,
leaving one seat vacant," he said.
McGeer's executive assistant
Jim Bennett said Monday Boyles
and Dohm will continue as board
members until they are reappointed or new appointments are
McGeer announced Jan. 23 the
appointment of former Social
SRA eyes student managed SUB, AMS
The student representative assembly will discuss Wednesday a
proposal to pay three of the
society's student executive officers
$800 a month to replace two full-
time professional positions.
Graduate student representative
Rob Marris said the proposal
would substitute student administrators for the current professional
"Paid students will hopefully
spend more time at their jobs and I
think students can do a better job,"
he said.
The salaries of the general
manager and the building
manager are more than $40,000
combined. But $800 a month paid to
three students amounts to only
$33,000, Marris said.
But if students were to take over
these administrative tasks they
would be permitted to take only
three units of credit a year, he said.
"Only affluent students can take
three credits a year and still have
financial resources without
working at an outside job and
students are not eligible for
financial assistance unless they
have nine credits a year," Marris
Under Marris' proposal the AMS
external affairs officer, president
and secretary-treasurer or
director of finance would have
salaried positions.
But the current secretary-
treasurer Arnold Hedstrom said
the proposal has not been well
thought out.
' 'This motion has a lot of flaws in
Hedstrom said it would be difficult to remove the positions of
building manager and general
"According to our constitution
we must have the position of
general manager," he said. "The
constitution is not amendable by
the SRA. The question is can we get
along without our general manager
and building manager," said
"This motion is premature," he
said. "SAC is conducting an efficiency study of the AMS and they
may find we can combine the
DeMarco said it is unlikely the
proposal would be approved.
"This is just a proposal by Rob
Marris and Don Meakins, it is not
executive policy," he said.
Both Hedstrom and external
affairs officer Paul Sandhu would
be ineligible for the positions if
they were required to take only
three units.
Student senators  and  board
members must carry at least nine
units. Nineteen people currently on
the SRA would therefore be ineligible to be members of the
executive if the proposal was
But Hedstrom said it would be
difficult for executive officers to
work harder than they do now.
"When someone is paid they are
expected to work harder and we
are already slaves," Hedstrom
"SRA passes a resolution on
anything they want and they expect the officers of the AMS to do
all the work."
The building manager looks
after bookings and the operation of
the building and is a liaison with
the physical plant.
The general manager is
responsible for the financial, legal
and personnel management of the
Credit cabinet minister Leslie
Peterson, actuary Alan Pierce and
businessman Alan Crawford to the
Bennett said he has received no
indication when McGeer will
submit the three remaining appointments for cabinet approval.
In the past provincial appointments to the board have been
made in early January.
The two student representatives
on the board, Basil Peters and Paul
Sandhu, might not be able to vote
in today's meeting because of
allegations of voting irregularities
currently under investigation by
the senate's implementations of
the Universities Act committee.
Banham said the voting status of
Sandhu and Peters will be the first
item of business discussed by the
Peters said last Thursday he
would recommend that both
student representatives not vote on
board matters in case the election
is invalidated.
AMS places
bucks in
credit union
The Alma Mater Society has
officially withdrawn its short-term
deposits from the Bank of Montreal
to protest the bank's investments
in South Africa's racist white
SUB general manager Bern
Grady said the society transferred
its money Thursday to the Vancouver City Savings Credit Union.
The society had earlier considered
transferring its short-term
deposits to the B.C. Teachers'
Credit Union or the Bank of B.C.
but Vancouver City has better
interest rates.
The student representative assembly voted Nov. 23 to withdraw
AMS money from the Bank of
Montreal because of the bank's
involvement in South Africa.
But the AMS will leave a current
account with the bank.
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Soviet Union human rights backwater
The Soviet Union may be industrially advanced but in terms of human rights it is a
backward, underdeveloped country, two
experts on the U.S.S.R. said Friday.
Michael Futrell, UBC Slavonic studies
professor, said the issue of human rights is
usually ignored when the Soviet Union is
compared with the West.
"One of the most terrible evidences of
materialism which we actually live with is the
way everybody, without thinking about it,
talks about backward countries in terms of
industrial technology and nothing else,"
Futrell said.
"In regards to free rights and beauty, the
Soviet Union is an extremely backward
There are four levels of human rights
violation in Russia, Futrell said.
The Soviet constitution is the first one, he
said, because it contains assurances of fundamental human rights, but does not implement
them in society.
The second level of violation is the Soviet
Union's legal codes, he said.
"After the total chaos of illegality during
the 1930s to Stalin's death, there was great
hope that the legal aspects of Soviet society
would be put in order.
"The codes were examined, and some
revised," Futrell said, "but they still
demolish the constitution."
Some of the revisions made include the
legal power to detain, examine, try or convict
anybody of anything labelled as anti-Soviet
propaganda or as defaming the Soviet state
and system.
Futrell said the third level of violation is the
interpretation of the codes, as seen in legal
textbooks,  semi-official  announcements of
authority, and secret instructions to the
prisons and police.
He said the codes are twisted to the whim of
the regime, and the public is often told one
thing while the regime does another.
The fourth level is the actual actions of the
police, lawyers, prosecutors and
"They do what they are told to do," Futrell
said. "They're all dependent on their jobs and
keeping their noses clean."
The struggle for human rights in Czechoslovakia and Poland is being waged in different
ways, Slavonic studies head Bogdan Czay-
kowski added.
"Czechoslovakia's is a hard, bitter
struggle. It's not succeeding, but it's not
failing either. Achievement of civil rights in
Poland is tremendous."
Soviet bloc countries have their constitutions modelled to some extent after the
Soviet constitution, Czaykowski said, and are
all dependent on and controlled by Russia.
"Even if these countries had a government
wanting to give human rights and democracy
to the people, such a government would be
restricted by the Soviet Union," he said.
He cited the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 as an example of Soviet
"The (Czech) government tried to go with
the people's demands of human rights and
democracy, and because they were ready to
go so far, they lost confidence in the Soviet
leaders' eyes. The Soviet Union invaded and
put in stooges and former Stalinists."
Since then, Czaykowski said, Czechoslovakia^ who support human rights have been
discriminated against.
He said the current situation in Czechoslovakia is deplorable. The human rights articles in the constitution are not upheld,
people cannot defend themselves, religious
and economic freedoms are restrained and
there is no freedom from arrests, blackmail
and persecution by police, Czaykowski said.
People are also condemned to unemployment or other penalties if they voice their
opinions and countless students are unable to
further their educations because of their
"People who were active in the fight for
human rights in 1968 are still being penalized
for their actions back then," Czaykowski
said. "Any opinions can become heretical in
two years."
SOVIET PEASANT . . . lacks human rights fog* 2
Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Since CPR
West feels oppressed
Western Canada feels neglected by the federal
government, a University of Calgary history
professor said Friday.
Dave Bercuson, editor of the Burden of Canadian
Unity, told an audience of about 60 in Buchanan 102
that the West thinks Canada's two major parties, the
Liberals and the Progressive Conservatives, draw
most of their support from the East and are
neglecting western interests.
He said this explains why western regionalism is
upheld mostly by third parties such as the NDP.
"Also, Western interests have not been adequately
dealt with at the federal level because senators, representing regional concerns, play a minor role in
policies," Bercuson said.
"Western Canada is a legitimate society within its
own rights, albeit within a larger society. The West
resists the notion that her destiny is to be subject to
the commercial centres in eastern Canada just
because the population in the West is smaller than
that in the East."
Bercuson said western regionalism is more than a
state of mind or a psychological phenomenon. He said
it is rooted in immigration and economic developments peculiar to the West.
Bercuson said the West was largely settled by
immigrants who came directly to the region from the
native countries and who therefore had "no
knowledge of, or attachment to, the central part of
Many British immigrants with ideas of "working
class conscience, general strike, Marxist socialism
and trade unions" came to the region and incorporated socialism with liberal progressive farm
movements in Saskatchewan, he said.
"Also in the West there were American immigrants
who could not see the subtle differences between a
constitutional monarchy and popular democracy,"
Bercuson said.
"The American immigrants had little tolerance
towards governmental paternalism and they strongly
promoted an American type of majority rule.
"It was the English-speaking American and British
immigrants who molded the protest of western
regionalism. However, other ethnic groups such as
the Orientals, the Ukrainians, the Jews and the Finns
contributed to the distinct characteristics of western
Economic factors have also influenced western
regionalism, he said.
The maximization of profit meant the hinterlands
of western Canada had to provide staples and raw
materials to the heartland in eastern Canada. It also
meant that manufactured goods from the East were
sent to the West.
"Also, in 1879 the federal government set tariff
policies that were unfavorable for western development," Bercuson said.
And, he said, the federal government's policy of
establishing the Canadian Pacific Railway in the
West conflicted with regional interests.
"The West resisted the CP Rail monopoly because
national interests conflicted with provincial interests
in regards to the freight issue," Bercuson said.
But despite this apparent economic discrimination
against the West, "western Canada never had a spirit
of poverty," he said.
Carleton University
Graduate Studies in Public Administration
The Program
The School of Public Administration, because of its location in Ottawa, is able
to provide the student with a unique exposure to the resources and personnel
located in the national capital. The study of public policy can be pursued with
a total range of resources not readily available in other locations.
The two-year graduate program is designed to prepare students for managerial, policy and managerial support roles in the public services of Canada (federal, provincial, regional, municipal) and to accelerate and enrich the education
and development of those currently performing such roles.
The program provides students with a balanced understanding of the current
"state of the art" in policy analysis and public sector management. All students
follow a core program in public policy and management during their first year
of study. In the second year, students are able to specialize in the following areas:
• Public Policy
• Public Sector Management (Personnel & Finance)
• Government-Industry Relations
• International and Comparative Administration
A thesis is optional in this program.
A special Mid-Career schedule is available, in addition to the full- and part-time
All required courses and the majority of options are offered in both French and
English through collaboration with the University of Ottawa.
Students wishing to enter the program (full-time, part-time or mid-career) must
have an undergraduate degree with a "B" average standing.
Previous courses in economics and Canadian politics, or the equivalent are
required, but students who have not completed them may take them as additions
to the program.
Financial Aid
In recent years Carleton public administration graduate students have wop a
large number of external scholarships such as Canada Council fellowships and
Ontario government scholarships. In addition, the university itself provides
generous support and the majority of graduate students receive funds from
this source. Scholarships-cum-assistantships vary from $2,400 to $6,000 per
annum. Students are expected to participate in the activities of the department
by accepting responsibilities as either teaching or research assistants. These
activities are part of the learning experience but at the same time provide training which is useful in seeking employment after completion of the degree.
Applicants who wish to be considered for financial assistance must apply by
March 1st.
The application date for the fall term is July 1st.
For information and application forms contact:
School of Public Administration
Carleton University
Ottawa, Ontario
(613) 231-6360
All dressed up in
fine new feathers!
the bubbly white wine
for when you next have
the flock around.
i alC/vol   |.5B^  MAGNUM
J^fe-Mtc^cWi^s^l Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Page 3
Space colonies seen
as way of the future
Space colonization has all the farfetched
trappings of a science fiction saga about
brilliant and eccentric scientists who would
save the world.
Its proponents claim it will permanently
solve the energy problem for mankind,
develop the third world, end world food
shortages, and perhaps save the ailing
capitalist monetary system.
All it will take is a massive reallocation of
resources to the tune of $100 billion, all to be
shot into space.
But there are many who oppose it as a
fantastic waste of energy and resources that
are sorely needed on the earth. The sheer
cost and complexity of such an undertaking
makes it hard to believe such a project is
feasible, let alone desirable as a solution to
earthly problems.
Nevertheless, the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration (NASA) has
spent considerable time and research
during the past three years to bring just
such a project to reality. The ideas and
innovations of Gerard O'Neill, professor of
physics at Princeton University, have held
up under the scrutiny of NASA and other
research institutions and may yet form the
basis of human colonization in space.
O'Neill's plan was conceived during a
series of seminars he conducted in a first-
year physics course at Princeton in 1969-70.
The question he put to the first seminar
was: "Is a planetary surface the right place
for an expanding technological
civilization?" O'Neill and his students found
to their surprise that the answer was
definitely "no," and they began to make
some simple calculations.
"Once a first problem was chosen," says
O'Neill, "it so occupied us that we never had
time for a second."
With the use of pocket calculators and
crude estimates they discovered that
locating large industries and populations in
the vacuum of high orbital space was not
only feasible but may some day become
necessary if world populations keep expanding.
Although both cost and concept were
enormous, what was most striking was the
magnitude of the possibilities and the
potential that could be opened up in space.
The "islands" that O'Neill and his
students envision are enormous; assuming
the use of common construction techniques
and materials, they can be as large as
cylinders 14 miles long and four miles in
diameter and able to support up to a quarter
of a million people in a closed ecology, says
Such behemoth hollow tubes, or mini-
earths are not so far in the future as you
might imagine; O'Neill claims that if NASA
moves at the same accelerated pace it did
for lunar exploration, the first huge Island
Three may be under construction in 25
years, formed entirely from materials found
in deep space.
Story and graphics
by Verne McDonald
But before work begins on such colonies
ways must be found to make expansion into
space pay and prevent it from placing a
heavy burden on the earth's resources.
For the first step toward such colonies
O'Neill has combined his research with that
of Peter Glaser, a researcher into methods
of recovering solar energy for consumer and
industrial use.
Glaser has designed satellite solar power
stations (SSPS), which collect the solar
energy in the intense, continuous sunlight of
high orbital space, and transmit the energy
to earth via microwaves to huge circular
grids placed over grazing and barren land.
Once the installation is operable it can
maintain a high output of DC electrical
energy with little maintenance and minimal
environmental impact, possibly forever.
The plan's seemingly insurmountable
difficulty is that SSPS are made up of arrays
of solar power cells miles long and are
difficult, if not impossible, to get into space
using conventional satellite rocketry.
O'Neill says that if, on the other hand,
NASA were to build an 'Island One,' a hollow
sphere a mile in diameter which could
support several thousand people, and set up
the means to mine resources in space and on
the moon, the colonists of Island One could
manufacture the SSPS out of moon rock.
He has calculations that indicate SSPS
could supply, within 20 years, much of North
America's energy which is now obtained
from coal and petroleum.
Once the first habitat is set up and
engaged   in   mining   the   moon   and
manufacturing the power stations, then
construction of more islands to take up more
people to mine the asteroids will occur.
At this point even the non-skeptical observer experiences some future shock. Do
we have the technology for such a feat? Can
we possibly afford the price of such a
To the first query, O'Neill gives an emphatic, if qualified, "yes."
The basic engineering problems have
been solved or are already part of our
technology, thanks to the costly Apollo and
Skylab projects of the 1960s and early 1970s.
It is O'Neill's claim that colonization will
be easier to accomplish than those
programs because there will not be a long
period of experimentation on fundamental
principles and one-shot equipment.
Apollo and Skylab provided the necessary
experimentation and a continuous human
inhabitation of space means all equipment
will be reused, recovered and recycled,
sharply cutting costs.
There are no secret formulas necessary,
he says, for there are no problems that
cannot be solved using already known
O'Neill has himself contributed greatly to
the feasibility of his plan by utilizing some
elementary physics to produce a
mechanism he calls a 'mass-driver,' which
might be the key to effective space
The mass-driver is basically an electric
coil spiraling around a track.
A magnetic load placed on the track,
carrying some mass, such as moon rock, is
propelled through the coil by carefully
timed electrical pulses which create
magnetic fields. These fields accelerate the
load until it emerges from the end of the
apparatus at high speed and can be shot into
Experiments with the mass-driver in the
past two years have had some success,
enough to raise hopes that it could provide
the final key to making colonization possible
without stripping the earth to make space
colonies and power stations.
Mass-drivers, kilometres long, could
operate on the moon using solar energy to
propel moon rock out of the moon's
gravitational field.
The material is then collected in space at
some point close to an island where
manufacturing takes place.
COLONY .. . towns, and lakes in three long strips, each with its own 'sun.'
Samples brought back by Apollo indicate
that the moon could be tremendously rich in
the elements needed to build both the
satellites and the islands themselves.
Material which could not be used directly
would be made into a shield of slag to
protect habitations from cosmic rays, or
used as a propellant in mass-driver engines.
The use of a mass-driver as an engine
makes excellent sense in deep space. The
electricity required to propel mass through
the engine and provide the thrust is always
available from the sun, and once mining is
established on the moon, there will be no
lack of fuel, none of which will have to come
from the earth.
But even all the technicians in Disneyland
can not produce enough gadgets to hide the
massive cost of space colonization.
O'Neill's own estimates, which are far
from complete, range up to $100 billion and
But as O'Neill points out, Apollo cost
nearly $30 billion and resulted only in a good
television program and some moon rocks. If
space exploration ends, little of that cost will
be recovered.
If, on the other hand, commitment is
made to colonization, the mass of information generated during Apollo will be
put to use and may have concrete benefits
that will far outweigh the cost.
O'Neill says the estimates he has made
are conservative in the extreme and that
space colonization might be much cheaper
than currently thought. He has based his
estimates on the assumption that there will
be no significant technological breakthroughs in the field in the next 10 to 15 years
ISLAND THREE . .. with agriculture pods
and SSPS under construction
before the project can be begun in earnest.
Any such breakthrough would potentially
cut costs dramatically.
Whether such a commitment of money
and resources to a scheme outside of
common experience will find any support is
highly debatable. There is no harm,
however, in imagining a future where
O'Neill's islands are in operation.
The NASA space shuttle, which made its
maiden flight in the latter part of 1977, will
have provided the materials and transported the manpower for the first island.
Working in Skylab-type modules, they will
first build a SSPS to provide power for their
own use and send a mining team to the moon
to survey a mineral-rich location and set up
the mass-driver.
Then comes the construction of SSPS for
earth use and the first closed ecology island.
When the island is completed with its industrial area, located in zero-gravity away
from the inner sphere of habitation to save
energy and disperse pollutants into space,
the production of the SSPS is stepped up and
begins to provide steady financial support
for the island.
As member countries in the venture begin
having their energy needs supplied by the
satellites and costs begin to drop, developing nations will become the island's main
customers, procuring for themselves
inexpensive, eternal energy sources with
which to industrialize and achieve self-
On the islands themselves, the colonists
will have begun to be crowded by researchers and official observers of all kinds and
will be engaged in the building of larger
islands which more closely mimic the environment of earth. The carbon and
hydrogen needed to provide air, water and
living soil for such islands will have to come
from the asteroids, the moon being poor in
these elements.
Island Three, the culmination of this
work, will be surprisingly earth-like in
many respects. The four miles of atmosphere inside its 14-mile length will be
enough for a blue sky, clouds and rain.
On the inside of the rim there will be over
100 square miles of surface area, with an
artificial gravity equal to earth's obtained
by rotating the entire structure every few
minutes. In the zero-gravity conditions of
space such a trick could be done with a
washing-machine motor.
Parabolic mirrors will bring the sunlight
in through three long glass strips that will
run the length of the cylinder.
Outside, solar cell arrays furnish almost
unlimited power to the inhabitants, and
nearby, a huge conical mass receiver
collects raw materials driven from the
surface of the moon and from asteroids
closest to earth's orbit.
In a huge circle around the main cylinder
are smaller modules where the island's
agriculture takes place. In soil-enriched and
hydroponic farms, food is growth with optimum amounts of sunlight, carbon dioxide
and in some cases with greatly reduced
gravity, in order to get super-efficient
surface area use.
Inside the cylinder, the land area is used
for residential centres, and parkland, with
lush vegetation providing oxygen,
recreation and the basis for the closed
ecology. There are lakes, forests, perhaps
several rivers or canals, with small, dense
human habitations scattered among them.
The population is occupied mostly with the
tasks that any similar population oh earth is
concerned with.  Construction,  education,
light industry and services are the main
See page 8: SPACE Page 4
Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Spaced out
That unwelcome Russian satellite that dropped in on us a
couple of weeks ago demonstrates amply the failings of
Space is presenting us with new opportunities, which are
being wasted in the silly battle between the superpowers for
strategic superiority while new and imaginative exploration
programs die on drawing boards.
Today, more than half the payloads lofted into space are
of a military nature and the ill-fated Cosmos 954 is a fine
example. These satellites are employed for spying on nuclear
and strategic installations. At the same time, the public howls
about the cost of space flights, and thus projects such as
space stations, which would be the forerunners of Gerard
O'Neill's imaginative proposal discussed in today's paper, are
delayed or cancelled.
In the U.S., more than $90 billion will be spent on
military toys such as satellites, neutron bombs and NATO
forces in Europe — all to make the world safe for General
Meanwhile, about $3 billion is spent annually on space
projects. The situation in the Soviet Union is similar. Now
wouldn't it be great if these two nations and others quit
spending money to hurl rockets at each other and instead
spent it on hurling up space stations and interplanetary
probes together? And imagine if that arms money was freed
for badly needed expenditures on social needs.
This sounds very Utopian, but much of the push for arms
spending is exerted by large economic interests who thrive on
the construction of new arms systems. The fact that we
cannot use our wealth more constructively shows that in
some ways, we have not advanced much beyond the Stone
In this spirit, it must be noted that the major problems
involved with the establishment of O'Neill's space city are
social, not technical.
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Gilbert Raynard seems to be
very misguided in his belief that
the South African government is
"apt to provide for blacks, the
health care, education and
housing." The truth of the matter
is that per capita the blacks get
meagre government aid, if any,
especially in the area of education.
According to the Economist,
Jan. 14, 1978, "government expenditures on education ... 25
pounds per year per black child
compared with 365 pounds per year
for a white child. In the lower
grades, the teacher/pupil ratio is
one to 65; in white schools, it is one
to 35. Most fundamental of all,
white schooling is free and compulsory; for blacks, it is neither."
can't be
I suppose Gilbert Raynard has
forgotten that his "civilized
repulsion" on black guerrillas is
contradicted by the fact that in
South Africa white boys must at
age 16, learn how to use firearms
(compulsory, and strictly enforced
by law). I must agree with you
Spence distorts rugby play
I am writing with reference to an
article which appeared in the Jan.
24, 1978 issue of The Ubyssey entitled 'Birds blanked.
That article quoted the Thunderbirds' coach, Donn Spence, as
having said concerning the Mera-
loma's first division team and a
game which occurred on Jan. 21,
1978: "we allowed them to bully us.
Two of our guys were deliberately
injured. I don't think there is any
place in rugby for that sort of
thing. There are enough ways to
get hurt already." ■
If coach Spence said those
words, we take serious exception to
them. They imply that our club
deliberately set out to use bullying
tactics and inflict injury. That is
not our style of play and would be
completely inconsistent with our
relationship with the UBC rugby
Many of our players are former
UBC players and at least six of the
regular Thunderbirds have played
for us. Indeed, there were three of
our first team members playing
against their brothers on the
Thunderbirds' squad.
As the president of the Meraloma
Club and as one of the persons in
attendance at the game, I wish to
record my strong disagreement
with the words attributed to
Spence. They present a distorted
view of the game and reflect unfavorably and unfairly on the
Meraloma club.
Ian Donald
Meraloma Club
though that the guerrillas are a
threat to the South African way of
life; that, my dear fellow is the
very reason why these economic
sanctions are being imposed on
South Africa.
We definitely want to abolish the
South African system of apartheid;
I really don't see why you feel that
we should not give white South
Africans that feeling.
I am therefore of the belief that
the student representative assembly was very right in their
show of disapproval of the Bank of
Montreal's actions in South
African financing. The economic
sanctions which hurt South Africa
can't make too much difference to
the black people who receive such
insignificant benefits.
The blacks get so little aid
anyway that the South African
government really can't deprive
them any more than they are now
Salim A. Jetha
commerce 4
FEBRUARY 7, 1978
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
Tne spirit of Nell Armstrong Invaded the Ubyssey office, spacing out even
the level-headed Marcus Gee. Verne 'buzzed' McDonald was offering
positions on the new behemoth space colony 'Chris Gainor' which was to be
shot into orbit by diminutive but wlryHeather Conn, despite weather
warnings that Keljoon Kim was Imminent. Mike Bocking and Bill Tieleman
offered executive positions on the new colony In return for votes In an
unnamed election, while Steve Howard and Carl Vesterback offered reduced
rates In their cabs to the new world. Kathy Ford and Lloyanne 'with the
shaky hands' Hurd explored the possibilities of zero-gravity love with Mario
Lowther and Matt King. Edmond O'Brien took upside-down pictures of Brad
Felton and Greg Edwards grappling with mysterious space-beast Nell
Others recognize gays
The article Gays get human rights in Quebec in the Jan. 27 Ubyssey
contains a slight error. While Quebec is the first provincial- or state-level
government in the northern half of this hemisphere to guarantee the
rights of gay people by legislation, it is hardly the "first place in North
America" to do so.
During the past several years, a number of municipal governments,
primarily in the U.S., have enacted similar legislation. While there has
been some recent backsliding, the general trend has been toward greater
recognition that gay people are entitled to live and work free from
harassment and discrimination without the need to hide in closets.
As an extreme example, the city of San Francisco actively seeks gay
police officers as part of a larger program of minority recruitment. Their
experience has shown that crime is reduced in areas of the city in which
minority-background officers deal face to face with people in a
framework of common experience. Unfortunately, such models are still
I do not wish to distract from the importance of the Quebec national
assembly's action, but it should not be viewed as an isolated or spontaneous event. It has grown within the context of the work of numerous gay
and civil rights organizations.
Mark Scott Johnson
graduate studies
Ubyssey gets black mark
What is happening to the apostrophe? Over the past four or five years I
have noticed that absurd misuses of the apostrophe are widespread
through this great land of ours — and now this scourge has afflicted that
bastion of literacy, The Ubyssey.
In the Jan. 17 issue there it was, unashamedly displayed on the front
page. The article about the coming strike by steam engineers said, "the
engineer's will not disrupt. . . activities." What the hell is that supposed
to mean? Plurality of a word is expressed by merely adding an "s" (or
"es" in the case of words ending in s, x, z, ch and sh).
Many people seem to think that this is accomplished through the use of
the apostrophe. Some real-life examples I've noticed are: "Use side
door's only," and "not responsible for lost article's." It makes you want
to puke, right?
I mean, really, how would you feel if your sister spelled like that?
Jim Schoening
arts 4
Reply strange assault
I write this letter in reply to Dean
Camfferman's strange assault
(Jan. 19) on the Merriiee Robson
story Exit Men which he found
pornographic because the story
contained explicit sexual imagery
and description. While singularly
unimpressed by the story, either
stylistically or by its content, I
defend her expression.
Camfferman should know that
religious belief and nonbelief are
strictly a personal matter. Who
does not wonder why or how? But I
do know one thing that your
assurance will bring you, and that
is an end, to free thought and
speculation. Security means death.
Reasoning and experiment is
founded in doubt.
It might do well for Camfferman
to reconsider this line from St.
Augustine: "Do not despair: one of
the thieves was saved. But do not
presume: one of the thieves was
Gregory Strong
creative writing 4 Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Page 5
Crusade doesn Jt need criticism
I'm reacting to the reactions
against How's Your Love Life? in
Friday's Ubyssey.
Admittedly, the film did only
show the good side of Christianity.
In some ways the film did try to
sell Christ. The film did try to show
Christ as the answer to all our
personal problems. But isn't he?
I've always felt that God is personally involved in everything that
happens to me... I mean, Christ is
my personal savior, rjght?
I guess what really bothered me
about the first article was the fact
that the major body of criticism
was from Christians. Paul the
apostle speaks of correcting
Christians who go wrong, but in
private and in love. Campus
crusade gets enough criticism
from the non-Christian side; do
they need it from their brothers
and sisters as well?
And now the second article. I
think I should point out that Christ
never showed displeasure with
people on account of their moneychangers were not only making
money; they were taking over the
section of the temple set aside for
non-Jewish worship.
They were stopping others from
reaching God. These millionaires
in question may or may not love
God more than their money, but
their wealth is going toward God's
work. And didn't Christ associate
with tax collectors — infamous in
that day for "making their money
off the backs of others?"
So. Read your Bible. Don't take
what Jesus Christ Superstar says
at face value; read it yourself. The
real message behind Thursday's
presentation (that is, unless you
left before it was over!) was that
life is a bit more expensive than a
case or two of beer, but Jesus
Christ has already paid for it.
Peter Anderson
arts 1
Sylvia Whissel
arts 1
Andrew Purcell
science 1
Film has advantages
Your coverage of How's Your
Love Life? was good. The film was
rather Madison Avenuish, aimed
at a white, middle-class, carefree,
successful North American
culture. But that is a plus for the
film, since that is what most North
American university societies are
made of.
This is the Campus Crusade for
Christ's style; most Christians
realize this and see its positive and
negative effects, but all don't agree
with the approach.
As you pointed out so clearly, the
heart of the gospel is the cross, the
costly death and resurrection of
Jesus. This fast strengthens the
crusade's stance. Their staff
consists of would-be, fat, content,
middle-class, North Americans,
whose lives were changed when
they came to understand the cross
of Christ. Their present wage
covers the bare essentials compared to what they could be
making in a 40-hour middle-class
job. They know the hard cost of
truth and they gladly pay it.
The film basis is that the person
who believes in Christ's death and
resurrection is not condemned, but
the person who does not believe in
Christ's death and resurrection is
naturally condemned before God
(that is belief backed by a change
and repentence).
The film's purpose was to
present this historical good news.
In conclusion, neither the film
nor crusade is anti-Christian.
Eddie Latimer
Rodger Brown
pharmacy 3
Morfitt gets words put in his mouth
Attached is a copy of the news release which I
dictated over the phone to Mike Bocking on Thursday, Feb. 2, with regard to the action the board of
governors will take at its meeting on Feb. 7 regarding
its two student members. I know that the text was
accurately received, because Mike read it back to me
after typing it.
He called me back a few minutes later to ask if
there was a possibility that the students would not be
allowed to vote at the Feb. 7 board meeting. I told him
that it would be inappropriate to speculate on what
action the board might take when it met next
In the story, Bocking prepared for your issue of
Feb. 3, he attributes to board chairman George Morfitt a statement that the allegations of improper
voting procedure "might prevent student members
from voting at board meetings until the controversy
is resolved."
In short, Bocking has put words into the mouth of
Morfitt, even after I t o 1 d him that it would be
inappropriate for the university to speculate on
possible decisions by the board.
I feel The Ubyssey has an obligation in its next
issue to acknowledge its error and to set the record
straight on what Morfitt actually said.
Jim Banham
UBC information services
The news release:
"UBC's board of governors will discuss the status
of its two student members as a first order of business
when it meets next Tuesday (Feb. 7).
"Board chairman George Morfitt said the status of
the student members was unclear as a result of
allegations that there were voting irregularities on
Jan. 1.8, when students cast ballots for two student
members of the board and five student senators at
"The allegations of voting irregularities will be
referred to the senate committee on the implementation of the Universities Act by UBC's
registrar and secretary to senate, J. E. A. Parnall,
who is responsible for the conduct of all elections to
the board and senate.
"The committee makes recommendations to
senate, which is empowered by the Universities Act
to 'make and publish' all rules for elections to
university governing bodies."
George & Berny's
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
FRI. FEB. 17—TUES. FEB. 21
First Year in Canada
International Students
(Maximum 3 from any one country)
$10. Registration Fee (Non-Refundable)
by Feb. 10, 1978
First come. First served
Register Soon!!
Non first year students on waiting list only.
are invited to register in person at
International House
for an
upcoming program
Maximum 7 from any one province or territory.
Let's read our Bibles
Though some advertising techniques used by Campus Crusade for
Christ were perhaps questionable, the film How's Your Love Life? was
scripturally correct and an effective presentation of Christ and his
Unlike Don Johnson's remarks, there was a call for repentance
(forgiveness of sin), and as for George Hermanson's remarks about
campus crusade's funding, what church or denomination is without
well-to-do' rightist tithers? Also, we found no mention of a 'docile' life
in the flick, and knowing some members of campus crusade, we would
describe their lives as anything but docile.
The film fairly depicted the fruits of the spirit, described in
Galations 5 :22-23 "love, peace, joy, patience, kindness, goodness,
faithfulness, gentleness and self-control; against such things there is
no law."
In 45 minutes, can the trials and tribulations of the long and narrow
path even be surface scratched? Let's deal with the main issue first,
where is Christ and his message in relation to us? It's clear we agree
on one thing; let's get down to our Bibles.
Jamie McLennan
forestry 2
Niel Munro
law 2
Jesus solves our problems
This letter is in response to the
opinion expressed by the campus
chaplains. I don't understand why
Jesus won't solve personal
problems, especially when he has
promised to do so. "come unto me,
all ye that labor ... I will give you
Further when Christ was on this
earth he spent most of his time
"His strong personal sympathy
helped to win their hearts," said E.
G. White. Jesus even helped out at
a wedding feast — in fact his first
miracle itself expresses his concern for the well-being of his fellow
Some churches insist that
Christianity always be presented
the 'traditional' way — this of
course would include a call to
repentence, a free Bible and an
invitation to attend church. If
churches insist that the same
method be followed, then Christ's
return will be delayed.
Besides, how can a person be
asked to repent within 30 minutes?
Remember when the prostitute
was brought before Jesus, he never
asked any questions. He simply
said, "go and sin no more."
The challenge to anyone who
accepts Christ is to live the Christlike life each day and to experience
the "goodies" that go along with it.
Eric W. Rajah
commerce 1
Christ not social worker
As a Christian student, I would
like to comment on several
statements made in Friday's
Ubyssey about the Campus
Crusade for Christ film presentations.
First, I agree that modern hardsell advertising techniques are inappropriate for sharing the gospel.
However, I disagree with Don
Johnson that the show is anti-
Christian, for it did present Christ
as the answer to life's problems.
Second, to say as you did in your
editorial that Christ's life and
teachings are merely relevant
examples for today's society, is not
to   fully   understand   Christ's
Jesus did not come to give advice
on how to cure the evils of society,
but to show us the way to God. He
said, "I am the way." That is his
basic gospel message. Christ didn't
sell happiness, good times or cheap
thrills. He does offer truth and
abundant life.
I would recommend that the staff
of The Ubyssey dust off their
Bibles and look up the promises of
Christ, but be advised — they will
blow your mind.
Jack Booth
arts 3
Wednesday, February 8—6:00 p.m.
—Room 206 SUB
NOTE: Henceforward the agenda of the Student Representative Assembly
will be published in the Ubyssey prior to each meeting. Meetings are open
to all students. It should be noted that much of the business is contained in
committee minutes which are approved by SRA.
Moved Anne Katrichak, Seconded Anne Gardner:
That Article III of the code be amended to include the following: The
chair shall ensure that  debate is conducted with a degree of decorum
befitting   the   status   of   an   assembly   representing   roughly    23,000
students. If the speech of anv member stravs outside the bounds of
accepted parliamentary speech, the chair shall halt debate and remind
the offending member that such expression is not considered fitting
for a representative assembly.
Moved Rob Marris, seconded Don Meakins:
That the code be amended as follows, effective March 30, 1978: 'That
the President of the S.R.A., the External Affairs Officer of the S.R.A.
and the Secretary/Treasurer of the S.R.A. shall each be provided with
salaries of $800.00 per month, starting on April 1st of the year in
which they take office and ending on April 30th of the following year,
provided that (i) each officer is registered for not more than three (3)
units in the intersession, summer session and winter session which
follow their taking office and (ii) each officer is accountable to the
S.R.A. Selection Committee, which committee may suspend an
officer's pay on a month's notice, should the officer not fulfill his/her
duties as directed by this committee; and (iii) each officer agrees not to
hold executive office for more than thirteen (13) months in any given
5-year period.
Presentation by Frontier College
NUS/BCSF Referendum
Other business
Adjournment Page 6
Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Tween classes
Choir     practice,     6:30     p.m.,     IH;
Cnlnese  New  Year social gatnerlng,
7:30 p.m., IH.
Project Ploughshares, Murray Thomson, noon, Buch. 319.
Weekly   student   fellowship,   noon,
SUB 205.
General   meeting, noon, SUB party
Slide   show   on   China,   8   p.m.,   IH
committee room.
Bible study, noon, SUB 213.
Women's  drop-In,  noon, SUB  130.
Volleyball    practice   and   suggestive
sailing    club    dance    movies,    5:30
p.m.,    Thunderbird    Winter   Sports
Centre, gym B.
Testimony     meeting,     noon,    SUB
Homophlle    gathering,    noon,    SUB
Organizational  meeting,  noon, SUB
Films   on   food   and   development,
10:30   a.m.-3:30   p.m.,   SUB   party
room; Ash Wednesday service, 7:30
p.m.,      Lutheran     Campus     Centre
General    meeting   and    slide   show,
noon, Chem. 250.
Freesee: film series America, noon,
SUB auditorium.
Exploring   dance,    3:30-5:30   p.m.,
SUB 212.
Film series episode five, How should
we then live, noon, Scarfe 100.
Film      presentation,     underwater
archeology, noon, IRC 3.
Lesbian drop-In, noon, SUB 130.
Poetry     reading,     Doug     Barbour,
noon, Buch. 203.
General    meeting   and    film,   noon,
SUB 205.
Nova,   PBS-TV  show,   The  business
of extinction, 8 p.m., IRC b-80.
Introductory   lecture on   TM, noon,
Buch. 316.
Urban development, noon, IH upper
General meeting, noon, SUB 211.
If you're a full-time student at
UBC this session and you have a
good idea for an energy conservation poster, why not enter physical plant's poster contest? You
could win $300.
The poster should be in India
ink on 20" by 26" white poster
board and should solicit user participation in promoting UBC's energy conservation program. For
further information contact physical plant.
Big er Small Jobs
Subfilms laughingly presents
Ml fl l:
Speech:   Friendship without strings,
noon. Angus 104.
Organizational   meeting for vet lab
tour, noon, McMillan 158.
Floor   hockey   and    suds   night,    6
p.m.,  Winter Sports Centre  gym  E.
Women's   drop-In,   noon,  SUB  130.
Reading/talk on children's lit, Christie Harris, noon, Buch. 203.
Organizational   meeting,   noon,   an-
throsoc conversation pit.
Weekly meeting, noon, Buto 910.
Drop-In   for  lesbians  and  gay  men,
noon, SUB 113.
Organizational   meeting, noon,  Lasserre 105.
Speech,    Hypnosis    and    dentistry,
noon, IRC 1.
General meeting, noon, SUB 212.
Speech, Quebec today, Pierre Four-
nler, noon, SUB 209.
Women's committee meeting, noon,
SUB 130.
Executive     meeting,     noon,     SUB
Women's   drop-In,   noon,  SUB  130.
Glijjese"(SM&o" cXKigL <*br M.50
lues. %&.-j* "RfyjuSrj fki. fe&. io«>
1/aM -2.PM
Nominations are now open for the following
positions: —
- President
- Vice-President
- Treasurer
- Secretary
- Public Relations Officer
- Publications Officer
- Athletic Co-ordinator
- Academic Coordinator
- Four (4) SRA Reps.
Nomination forms are available in the S.U.S.
Office, Room 216 — Auditorium Annex.
SUB Aud. Thurs & Sun   7:00 |
Fri & Sat   7:00 & 9:30   75c
This is no white elephant
SO DO WE . . .
School of Nursing
B.A. and B.Sc. Graduates Unique Opportunity
Are you interested in pursuing a professional career
in Canada's rapidly developing health care delivery
system? A three-year program leading to a Master's
degree and preparation for licensure in Nursing is
offered to non-nurses graduated with high standing
from general arts or science programs. The program
is designed to prepare specialists in nursing for
responsible roles in managing, teaching and research
in nursing and health care.
For information write:
McGill University, Master's Program in Nursing
3506 University Street, Montreal, PQ  H3A 2A7
Feb. 7: Buchanan 319   12:30
Murray Thomson, Education Secretary
Project Ploughshares
Development and Disarmament
Ash Wed.
SUB Party Room   10:30 - 3:30
A series of films & slides
on Food & 3rd World Issues
—   on the hour   —
("Bottle babies"; "Puerta Rico Invaded";
"Solidarity"; "Sharing Daily Bread";
"Fort Good Hope"; "The Sahel")
Ash Wednesday Service   7:30
Chapel Lutheran Campus Centre
Sponsor Lutheran Campus Ministry &
Co-operative Campus Ministry
RATES;   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50a Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
ITALIAN NIGHT with pannetone, wine
and music, Wodnesday at the Coffee
Place, International House. Drop by
between 6 and 10 p.m.
Feb. 10th, International House. $1.50,
$1.00 I.H. members. Semiformal Drinks
and snacks.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
and vegetables. Wholesale prices in
bulk. Free Delivery. 738-8828.
11 — For Sale — Private
35 — Lott
WATCH  — Home  Ec. Building.   Phone
228-9379 evenings.
40 — Messages
BIRTHDAY    GREETINGS   —   one    day
early.    Mamma   Goose.    Love,   Tuna,
Princess Lou, Disco Donna and Wop.
65 — Scandals
WAS IT JUST COINCIDENCE that Shelley and Irving Lephkey disappeared
at the dance? Come to the Sailing
Club Wednesday meeting and see the
YOU DON'T NEED THE D.T.'9, but just
75c to se Subfilms' "Pink Panther
Strikes Again."
65 — Scandals
with   Commodore S.P.  at   the  Sailing
Club dance? Will the parrot tell all?
UBC   Ski Club members!  Tues., Feb.
7th, SUB Party Room, 12:30 p.m.
85 — Typing
TYPING — 75c per page. Faat and accurate by experienced typist. Gordon,
CAMPUS DROP OFF point for typing
service. Standard rates. Call Liz, after
8:00 p.m., 732-3680.
FAST, accurate typist will do typing at
home. Standard rates. Please phone
anytime, 263-0086.
rates. Call Jeannette anytime at 732-
FAST, ACCURATE TYPIST will do typing at home. Standard rates. Please
phone anytime, 263-0286.
YEAR-ROUND EXPERT essay, thesis
typing from legible work. Phone 738-
6829, ten a.m. to nine p.m.
Close to campus. 224-2437 evenings.
=T=Jr=Jr=ir=Jr=Jr=Jt=H=Tp Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Page 7
UBC nets two,
makes the playoffs
The St. Valentine's Day
Massacre was recreated a few
days early as the UBC hockey
'Birds destroyed the University of
Saskatchewan Huskies by out-
scoring them 24-4 in the two-game
weekend series at the UBC Winter
Sports Centre.
Friday's game, a 14-1 drubbing,
was a Sunday school picnic for the
'Birds. The inexperienced and
understaffed Huskies were in the
same rink, but no one could tell
that by their play, as UBC
unloaded 80 attempts at the
Huskies' net.
The Huskies have won only two
games this season, and it doesn't
appear that they will win any
"We can't really compete with
these other three schools," said
Huskies' coach Dave Smith.
"I don't really think that we can
win right now."
Smith says it's useless to try to
instill confidence in his team.
"Well, you really can't," he said.
"They don't play with confidence.
If they did, they wouldn't give
away the puck."
But the Huskies did little else as
UBC took a 6-0 first period lead on
goals by Ted Fostey, Rob Jones,
Doug Tottenham, Peter Moyls,
Tom Blaney and Jim Stuart. The
latter three goals came in a 45-
second span.
Derek Williams netted UBC's
only two goals of the second period
to put the hosts up by eight.
Williams completed his hat-trick
by opening the third period
scoring. Other UBC marksmen
were Stuart, Moyls, Tottenham
and Lane Lavik, before John
Gordon ruined Dave Fischer's
shutout bid with a goal at 17:02 of
the third period. Williams rounded
out the scoring with his fourth of
the night.
Saturday's game was a little
more competitive as Saskatchewan only lost 10-3. The first two
periods were very evenly played,
but the floodgates broke in the
third as the 'Birds struck for six
goals to ensure their victory.
UBC took the lead in the first
period on a goal by Stuart. The
Huskies got the goal back on a shot
by Mitch Bozak which eluded UBC
goalie Ron Patterson. The 'Birds
took the lead just 24 seconds later
when Steve Davis scored.
Saskatchewan's Dave Broshko
tied the score mid-way through the
second period, and it appeared that
the Huskies might make a
comeback after Friday's embarrassment.
But it was not to be. Stuart
scored again just 36 seconds later
on the power play to put UBC in
front to stay, and a minute later the
'Birds took a 4-2 lead when Sean
Boyd scored.
Just 46 seconds into the third
period, Sam Bowman racked up
the 'Birds' fifth goal, and the
Huskies were just too tired to
contest the issue any further.
Saskatchewan played a much
stronger game than on Friday, but
Smith was bitter about the loss.
Three journalists wanted
The   Western   Region   of  Canadian   University   Press  is
accepting applications for three staff positions:
Winnipeg bureau chief
Vancouver bureau chief
Terms of office: mid-August, 1978 to end of March, 1979.
Salary: $185 per week.
Send applications to:
Bill Tieleman
C/o Inn-on-Whyte,
Edmonton, Alberta
Deadline:   February 10, 1978
master charge
hair studio inc.
5784 University (Next to Bank of Commerce)
119 heale photo
BREAK IN ACTION was only break for University of Saskatchewan Huskies, who were mauled 14-1 Friday
by hockey 'Birds at Winter Sports Centre. UBC won 10-3 Saturday to clinch second place in Canada West
University Athletic Association league and playoff spot against Alberta.
"I thought the officiating left a lot
to be desired," he said. "I think the
guy (referee Vermeer) is really
incompetent. We just can't
overcome those kind of things."
Smith also had harsh words for
UBC forward Tom Blaney.
"He thinks he's a hero and puts a
show on (for the home fans)," he
said. "You won't see him (during
games in Saskatchewan). The
guy's maybe a poor sport, and
certainly a real loser in my mind.
Obviously he's never won anything
in his life by the way he carries
"If he feels like that, then I feel
sorry for him," countered Blaney.
"The reason Smith doesn't like it is
probably because I stir up their
team and try to make the breaks
for our team."
UBC is now in the playoffs, by
virtue of clinching second place in
their division of the Canada West
University Athletic Association
standings. They will play a two out
of three series against the first-
place Alberta Golden Bears in
Edmonton in early March.
Thurs., Fri., February 9-10 at 8 P.M.
The Word's Greatest
Non-Verbal Communicator
$8.50 - 7.00 - 6.00
Charg* to your B*y account
A MEL BROOKS FILM • Produced and Directed by MEL BROOKS
Tuesday, February 7, 1978
Rowers win bucks for program
The UBC rowing crew is $6,773
richer after its annual Row-a-thon
in Burrard Inlet Saturday. The
Row-a-thon is the rowing version of
the familiar Miles for Millions
walk in which supporters pledge
money to contestants for distance
Five UBC eights, a UBC double
and a UBC old boys' eight took part
in the race up Burrard Inlet to Port
Moody from Coal Harbor and back.
Good weather enabled the varsity
heavyweight crew to win in a time
of about three hours, 90 minutes
faster than last year. The old boys'
eight finished second.
Money from the event will help
pay for a new lightweight shell plus
10 blades for the promising lightweight crew, as well as funding
UBC's trip to the San Diego Crew
Classic April 1.
UBC's basketball teams continued to have their troubles on the
road this weekend in Lethbridge.
The Thunderbirds dropped both
games 64-57 and 68-62, and were
aptly complemented by the
Thunderettes, who lost 64-53 and
The men's losses virtually ruled
them out of playoff action for this
year, capping a disappointing
season for coach Peter Mullins and
his players.
"Our shot selection has been
good all year, but we just haven't
been scoring," said Mullins. "I had
expected to be further along at this
time of the year."
UBC's record at home has been
good, but playing on the road has
turned good shooters into court
Space colonies
founded on
growth theory
From page 3
trades. Of course, a large segment
is committed to maintenance and
operation of the island, while more
people work on the heavy zero-
gravity industry at the end, or
'cap' of the cylinder, where SSPS
and other items of space hardware
are being built.
Also, the island population might
be building another island to
contain its growing numbers, or to
sell to a co-operative of hopeful
new colonists from earth. The
force that makes space
colonization possible and perhaps
even necessary is growth.
It is this aspect of what O'Neill
calls "the high frontier" that many
find to be most objectionable. They
see continued expansion as the
philosophy that has brought the
earth so close to ruin and see
continued exploration of space as a
shameful waste by rich nations
while the poor continue to go
without basic comforts.
O'Neill counters this argument
by pointing out that even now,
when two-thirds of the world is
inadequately provided for,
resources are diminishing daily.
Zero population growth, closed
or "steady-state" technology and
redistribution of wealth would only
mean first the perpetuation, then
the increase of world poverty.
Never again, he says, will man
have the necessary resources,
combined with adequate
technology, to attempt the
colonization and exploitation of
There is undoubtedly limitless
energy in space in the form of
sunlight and the advantages of
locating heavy industry in space
where there is no gravity and a
limitless vacuum for the dispersal
of pollutants is obvious.
The intensive agriculture
possible in space may alleviate
food shortages on earth. O'Neill's
plan is certainly one alternative
that should be examined very
For the Thunderettes, the losses
were the logical extension of the
season so far. The women's team
has been playing for fun only since
early in the season.
Fence-sitters can hone their
talents this weekend as the UBC
fencing team hosts the Steven
Lassere Tournament Saturday in
Gym B at the Winter Sports
Centre. Some 60 to 90 competitors
from all over North America are
lined up to compete for titles in
men's and women's foil and men's
UBC's team is strong (according
to them). Patrick Tam is ranked
fourth nationally in the sabre, and
has been chosen to go with the
national team for action in Cuba
this March.
Finals action occurs in the afternoon for those who can't get up
for the preliminary rounds. For
those prospective fans who know
nothing about fencing, information
is available to illuminate the finer
points and puncture misconceptions. Action begins
Saturday morning at 9:30 a.m.
—edmond o'brien photo
STROKING THROUGH WATERS of Burrard Inlet on way to Indian Arm in 30-mile rowathon, junior
varsity crew, part of 50-strong pack of rowers, keeps up pace on way to raising $6,700 in pledges.
Heavyweight eights were first to return to Coal Harbor, clocking three hours.
Now... more than ever
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For instance, the RCMP is
accepting applications from both
men and women, married and single.
And the salary scale has increased
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year ($260. weekly) with regular
increases to $19,000. ($365. weekly)
in the first four years.
If accepted as a member of the
Force, you'll receive intensive
training in all aspects of police
work such as law, investigation,
first aid and community relations.
Then you'll be posted to a
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chance to put your knowledge
and talents to work; to earn
promotion and, equally
important, be proud of what
you're doing for yourself and for
Canada as a member of one of
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So if you're a Canadian
citizen 18 or over and in
good physical condition
think about a career
with the RCMP.
Call or write
your nearest
office or use the
coupon. We'd
like to tell you
It could be for you


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