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The Ubyssey Oct 6, 1989

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Array ■Roadkill
page 6
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, Friday, October 6,1989
Vol 72, No 9
Balloons invade AMS student council.
DAN ANDREWS PHOTO
Quorum remains in limbo
by Michael Booth
Voting has finished, but the
heated debate concerning the
Student Recreation Center continues unabated with the interpretation of quorum serving as
the new focus of attack.
The Student Administration
Commission's elections committee determined yesterday that
quorum for last week's referendum was 2650 votes.
The AMS requires that quorum be reached by one side for a
referendum to be valid. But quorum on the SRC referendum was
short by 38 votes. While 2612
voted against SRC, only 1766
supported the proposal.
Consequently, the pro-SRC
results from last year's referendum will stand.
Graduate Student Society
president Chris Homes said that
determining quorum after the
referendum has concluded is a
case of the AMS "making up the
rules after (they've) played the
game."
Homes also disagreed with
the one-side quorum requirements which "ensure that difficult decisions may not be decided
even with a good turnout, while
easier decisions can be determined with a much lower turnout."
Further investigation by The
Ubyssey revealed that of the
twelve referendums conducted
since the contentious quorum requirement was adopted in 1979,
only four have passed successfully.
"Quorum is ten per cent of
membership and after that it's
majority rule. To start playing
around with that is a mistake,"
said Homes. "It is the responsibility ofthe AMS to ensure that quorum is achieved. Otherwise it's a
waste of students' money."
AMS director of administration Andrew Hicks agreed it was i n
the best interests of the AMS to
ensure that as many students as
possible vote, but added, "the rules
don't impede the decision making
process. We need a minimum
number of votes to ensure that
responsible decisions are made."
This view was disputed by
Students for the Negation of Outrageous Taxation (SNOT) representative Joanna Harrington who
said, "this whole quorum thing totally undermines the concept of
majority rule and allows for a tyranny of the minority."
Student Council Arts representative Mark Keister said the
quorum requirement was nonsense and echoed Homes' belief
that the AMS was changing the
rules after the vote.
"I think it's manipulation and
interference. At every point of the
referendum there was interference by the AMS," he said.
"They tried to censor The
Ubyssey, there was the polling
problems, and the final interference is the vote interpretation."
Keister added, "censoring The
Ubyssey cut off an exchange of
ideas."
"Anytime you cut off debate
you stifle the democratic process.
The image ofthe AMS was already
in the toilet and now it's quickly
moving into the sewer. The antidemocratic elements in the AMS
executive flushed it."
Donovan Kuehn, another Arts
representative opposed to the
SRC, agreed with Keister and
questioned the motives of the
AMS.
"The AMS neutral campaign
was not neutral. Neutral implies
that both sides are presented. Instead it was all positive with no
negative aspects in the material. It
was a YES campaign without' vote
YES' on the posters," said Kuehn,
who added that "quorum was not a
priority for some on the AMS."
Kuehn expressed concern
over the priorities of the AMS and
said he is getting disillusioned.
"The reason we are elected is to
deal with students concerns. What
we are doing in the AMS council
chamber has almost nothing to do
with what's happening on campus."
"There needs to be a change of
attitude ofthe people on the .AMS.
Ninety per cent feel they can make
decisions for all ofthe students on
campus since they have been 'duly'
elected," Kuehn said.
AMS Ombudsperson Jessica
Mathers noted that Friday, October 6 is the last day that students
can submit complaints to the elections committee concerning irregularities in last week's referendum. Friday is also the last day for
students to initiate procedure concerning the referendum before student's court.
UNIVERSITY
87/88
RANK
88/89
RANK
TORONTO
$64,296
1
$67,803
1
MCMASTER
$60,035
2
$63,018
2
WATERLOO
$59,646
3
$62,843
3
UBC
$54,574
15
$58,957
11
SFU
$54,712
14
$58,936
12
U.VIC.
$52,209
18
$55,675
18
AVG. BC
$54,110
$57,856
AVG. OTHERS
$57,466
$60,169
Profs talk salary
by Joanne Neilson
Faculty can expect up to a
9.73 per cent salary increase according to the results of this
year's salary arbitration released at the Board of Governors
meeting last Friday.
The relatively low salary
level of UBC professors forced
the 1200 member faculty association and the Board of Governors to resort to an arbitration
settlement over this year's salary increases. The faculty association has a no strike clause
with the university.
According to John Cragg,
professor in charge of salaries
and economic benefits for the
faculty association, "UBC is one
of the best three universities in
Canada. In order to remain the
very best, a university has to be
able to draw good professors."
In order to attract such professors, said Cragg, UBC needs
very good reasons for the professors to come here—the major incentive being money.
"UBC has to allocate a high
percentage of its budget to faculty salaries, more than other
comparable institutions," said
Cragg.
The UBC budget for this
year had only planned for a 8.2
per cent salary increase. As a
result, other areas of the budget
will have to be cut in order to
compensate for the 1.5 million
dollars transferred to the faculty
association.
But even with the increases,
UBC professors will still lag behind many ofthe other universities in Canada. Last year, the
average salary of a UBC professor, excluding the medical and
dental faculties, was $58,957,
placing it llth on a scale of
comparable Canadian universities.
At the same time, students
at UBC paid the third most expensive tuition for both Arts and
Engineering programs and the
most expensive fees for Law and
Medical School.
The discrepancy, said
Cragg, "is directly related to the
funding from our provincial government."
continued on page 3 CLASSIFIEDS 228-3977
Classified Advertising
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00, additional lines 60 cents,
commercial -3 lines, $5.00, additional lines 75 cents. (10% Discount on
25 issues or more) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 4HK>
p.m,. two days before publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van, B.C. V6T
2A7, 228-3977.
11 - FOR SALE - PRIVATE
BIKES! 21" Bianchi VI 12 spd., Shim. 600
Grp., mUk bl., ex. cond. $425. 22" Allegro
Piazza 12 spd., Shim 515, Wolber hrd. ano-
dized rims, 2 yrs. old $400. 737-7837 any
time.	
DATSUN 210,1979 4 spd., runs well, AM/
FM cassette, $1,500 obo. Call 261-9275.
MY GRANDMOTHER has a Honda 550
Nighthawk for sale as she no longer needs it
for church. Only 5,000 kms and always
under cover. Call her at 734-7892.
HONDA SCOOTER 1982 Passport 70.
Perfect campus machine! Only $600 with
helmet, UBC parking, etc. Call 224-9488 on
campus, ask for Brian T.
ROLLING STONES TICKETS: 4 seats on
the floor for second show. $175 ea. OBO.
Call eve. 986-2126, Hashim.
OFFICE CHAIRS $15 - $40. 875-6128.
A BRAND NEW CAR for $4,995. 1989
Yugo. Incredible gas mileage. Call 731-
4194.	
NEW VOICE ACTIVATED DICTAPHONE, batteries or plug-in, rechargeable,
$50. Also SMITH CORONA electric typewriter with cartridges, $100. 734-5423.
20 - HOUSING
3 BDR. TOWNHOUSE llth & Alma,
$l,200/mo. 3 baths, W/D, New. 261-6944.
Ask for Tom.
30 - JOBS
CURATOR, LARVAL FISH MUSEUM,
Vane. Aquarium. $9.87/hr. 1/2 day Sat. or
Sun. Biol/Ocgy student with 1st class
grades, call 631-2526.	
CHILD CARE NEEDED 3 - 5 p.m.-ish
weekdays for 2 girls ages 6 & 9. University
area (close to Jericho Park). 222-8310, ask
for Melanie after 5 p.m.
WE'RE EXPANDING. Intl. Corp. seeks
English, multi-cultural speaking people for
world-wide expansion. P/T, F/T opportunities. Call Mr. Chan, 430-2769.
ENGLISH TEACHING POSITION available immediately in Japan. For confident,
competent individual. Neither degree nor
knowledge of Japanese essential. Interested applicants call 688-3536.
EARN $10,000/MONTH. No sales, no inventory. Innovative new company in the entertainment field needs full or part-time
people. No pressure, just fun. Call 277-
3334.
CALIFORNIA   CORP.   EXPANSION
seeks Japanese, German, Spanish speaking
to work p/t, f/t with high income in Vancouver. Mr. Rohn, 435-6494.
AFTER SCHOOL CARE Mon., Tues.,
Thurs., 3 - 5:30 p.m., near UBC. 2 children,
$7/hr. Call 222-2726 after 6 p.m.
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A
PROFESSIONAL JOB?
Here's a wonderful and exciting opportunity to earn and learn in Japan for one
year after graduation. Aeon, with 140
branch schools is looking for English
Conversation Instructors in Japan. Minimum BA/BS degree (all majors considered). Teaching experience and/or Japanese language helpful, but not required.
Please send resume and one page essay,
"Why I Want To Live and Work in Japan"
to:
AEON Inter-Cultural Corporation
Suite 1070, 475 W. Georgia Street
Vancouver, B.C. V6B 4M9
(604) 684-2000
GOURMET CUISINE &
CATERING CO.
requires FT/PT Retail Sales
Clerk Thursday, 4:30 p.m. - 9
p.m., Saturday, 8:30 - 4:30 p.m.
- $6 per hr.
EXPERIENCED
KITCHEN PREP & COOKING
help needed FT/PT Thursday &
Friday 5 - 9 p.m., Saturday &
Sunday 9 - 5 p.m., $7.50 - $8 per
hr. Call Glenda 731-7232
75th ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS
- Community Relations needs two ass'ts. in
Volunteer and Superhost coordination.
Wages - $ll/hr., 5 - 6 hrs7wk. Work study
program. Contact CEIC.
P/T HELP REQTO. Autoplan Insurance
can study for level I licence. 1st or 2nd yr.
student preferred. Call Grace at 433-7748.
P/T CLERKS for Copies Plus in the Village.
1st or 2nd yr. students preferred. Apply in
person after 10 a.m.
 35 ■ LOST	
LOST: 1 BLACK WALLET with cards, id.,
cash, cheques. Lost between Yumyum's &
West Mall Annex. Please call 876-4315 or
return to WMA144. Thanks.
40 - MESSAGES
MESSAGE OF ISLAM 3: Allah is an Arabic word which means God or the Lord. By
Allah, Muslims mean: the Only Creator of
the Universe, the Only Being to be worshipped, and the Only One who has no similitude at all.
 75 - WANTED
VOLUNTEERS. Healthy non-smoking
males (19-25 yrs.) are needed for study of an
antiarrhythmic drug, Mexiletine. Blood,
saliva and urine samples will be collected
over 72 hrs. A $70 honorarium will be paid
on completion ofthe study. Forinfo, call Dr.
McErlane (228-4451) or Mr. Kwok (228-
5838) in the Pharmacy Faculty, UBC.
HELP! FEMALE STUDENT needs
shared accommodation or room & board for
Nov. 1. Please call Gail, 872-0678.
PERSONS OF CHINESE ORIGIN. Ifyou
are at least 18 years old and have lived in
Canada for more than one year; we ask you
to share your experiences with us by participating in a study on the changes of perceptions, and values ofChineseimmi grants and
Chinese Canadians. Project supervised by
Dept of Counselling Psychology, U.B.C.
Please contact: Natacha at 430-3657.
FRENCH SPEAKING  STUDENTS for
WUSCsummerseminarinMorocco. 6 wks.
of study and travel. Attend info. & applications, IRC 5 - 7 p.m., Oct 11. 324-1094.
E-LOT STICKER DESPERATELY
NEEDED. Will pay big bucks! Please call
immediately, 266-5394, leave message.
ICE HOCKEY GOALIE WANTED for Friday morning intermediate-level casual
hockey. Contact Blair at 733-0599.
80 - TUTORING
ENGLISH: IMPROVE COMPREHENSION, composition, conversation ability.
All levels welcome. Reasonable rates. Ph.
734-5917.
SPANISH TUTOR AVAILABLE. All levels, reasonable rates. Call 737-1404.
MATH AND/OR PHYSICS TUTORING.
1st & 2nd year students at $13/hr. Call 420-
3775, Jason Glynos, B.Sc. (Hons.).
 85 - TYPING
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
word processing/typing. Student rates.
Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
TYPING UBC VILLAGE, 24 hr. servi«
Tapes transcribed, essays, papers, resume*
letters, editing/proofing. 224-2310.
TYPINGTIGERS. Low.lowrates. Compv
terized. WordPerfect 5. 273-1420. UB(
Area. 645-6934 (24 hr. pager).
ACCURATE REPORTS WORD PROC
ESSING, WordPerfect, laser printer, dicta
tion. Student rates avail. #16-1490 W.
Broadway at Granville. 732-4426.
ON CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING
Typeityourself...8implifiedinstructions,
spell check, and laser printer make your
work look top quality. $7/hr. and 15c/
page. Friendly help always available.
SUB lower level, across from Tortellini's
Restaurant; 228-5496.
ON CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING
Need the professional touch? ... have it
done for you - ypu can even book ahead.
$27/hr., 6-8 double spaced pages of normal text per hour, laser printer. SUB
lower level, across from Tortellini's Restaurant; 228-5640.
PUBLIC TRANSIT USERS
428-A 470 Granville
for IBM-PC typing
Call 687-3171
WORD-PROCESSING$2.50/dbl.sp. page.
APA, MLA, CMS. Computersmiths, 3726
West Broadway (at Alma) 224-5242.
WORD PROCESSING SERVICE, lazer
quality print, p/u & delivery. Call Corey 731-
2978.
TYPING QUICK right by UBC. All types
$1.50/pg. dbspc. Call Rob, 228-8989, any
time.
WORD PERFECT, exp. computer typist,
proficient in many fields. Term papers,
thesis, etc., $1.50/pg. Deborah, 734-5020 or
734-5404.
WORD PROCESSING & TYPING. Essays, term papers, theses, reports, letters,
resumes. Bilingual. Clemy, 266-6641.
University Recycling
Committee
has been established to study the feasability of
implementing a recycling depot on campus to
service the UBC area
For further information call:
Days:        Doug Hooper (6-4 pm)
682-1400
Nights:      Cindy Sutherland
Michael Gabriel
228-0923
Volunteers Needed!
Between
Note: "Noon" = 12:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, OCT. 5
Film Society. 7 p.m.'~ The Advert
tures of Barron Munchausen;9:30
p.m. - True Believer. Next week-
Batman. SUB Theatre.
AMS Student Environment
Centre. Inforrnatioh Committee
rii'Setirig. 12:30; Buchanan B2_ttX
UBC Social Anarchists. Meeting,
Noon. Meet outside in courtyard
between Buchanan A and C Block.
Will move to empty room in
Buchanan.
FRIDAY, OCT. 6
The Darryl J. Marko Fan Club.
Hot banana oil orgy and bzzr garden. Bring own bottle and utensils
(boots optional). Noon, SUB concourse.
Graduate Student Society. Zen
Meditation & Instruction. 12:30,
Graduate Student Centre Penthouse.
Graduate Student Society. Poetry
Sweatshop. Who said you couldn't
write a poem - sure you can. Come
out and sweat it out with the rest of
us. 5:30 p.m., Graduate Student
Centre Garden Room.
Graduate Student Society. GSS
Bzzr Garden. 4:30-7:30, Graduate Student Centre Garden Room.
Students for Choice. General
Meeting. Noon, SUB 212A.
Musicians Network. Jam Night/
Bjjr Garden - all welcome. Paid
members only onstage. Stop by
our office (SUB 241A)for details. 6
p.m. - midnight, SUB Room 212.
Muslim Students' Association.
Weekly prayers. Everyone is welcomed to discuss or borrow books
on Islam. l:30p.m.-2:15p.m. The
lower lounge of the International
House.
UBC Badminton Club. Badminton Night: all levels. 7 -10 p.m.,
Lord Bing -Fridays; John Oliver -
Tuesdays.
SUNDAY, OCT. 8
United Church Campus Ministry.
Infonnal gathering for worship &
discussion. {Thanksgiving dinner
too! All newcomers welcome, 6:00
p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
St Mark's College. Worship Service. 9:30, 11, 7 p.m., St. Mark's
College chapel.
Lutheran Student Movement.
Communion Service. 10 a.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
MONDAY, OCT. 9	
Graduate Student Centre. There
will be NO Ballroom Dance lesson
due to the Thanksgiving holiday.
UBC Dance Horizons. Contemporary Dance Class. 5 p.m. - 6:30
p.m., SUB 200 - Partyroom.
UBC Dance Horizons. Tap Dance
Class (lessons). ^Wear hard^bot-
tomed shoesv 4 p.m. - 5 p.m., SUB
200 - Partyroom.
TUESDAY, OCT. 10
UBC Lesbians. Lesbian Discussion Group. Topic: Favourite
books, movies, etc. Noon, SUB
130*
UBC Dance Horizons. Come join
our new Beginner Tap Dance
class. Wear shoes with hard bottoms. 4 - 5 p.m;, SUB 207/209.
Pre-Medical   Society.
Medical Ethics.
Noon, IRC Wood 1.
Lecture:
Lutheran Student Movement. Coop Supper. 6 prh., Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Lutheran Student Movement.
Bible Study. 10 a.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Famous Hot Lunch. 12:30
p.m., Hillel House.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 11
World University Service of Canada. Information meeting and
slide show for 1990. Summer
seminar in Morocco (French language seminar). 7 p.m., IRC 5
(Woodward Building).
Graduate Student Society. Female Grad Student Support Network - Research on Gender Issues
in Education, with Dr. Linda Pe-
terat. 12:30, Graduate Student
Centre Garden Room.
Graduate Student Society. Zen
Meditation & Instruction. 4:30,
Graduate Student Centre Penthouse.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Torah Discussion Group.
12:30 p.m., Hillel House.
UBC Student Liberals. Speaker:
Clifford Lincoln, leader ship candidate. 12:30, SUB 212A.
St. Mark's College. Bible Study. 4
- 5 p.m., St. Mark's College -office.
THURSDAY, OCT. 12
Lutheran Student Movement.
Theological Discussion. 6:30 p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Israeli Folk Dancing. 7
p.m., SUB 207/209.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. "Planning An Effective
Program." 12:30 p.m., Hillel
House.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Hebrew Conversation
(Advanced). 12:30 p.m., Hillel
House.
FRIDAY, OCT. 13
Graduate Student Society. A
music quiz: a battle fo wits for all
you trivia buffs. 5:30, Graduate
Student Centre Garden Room.
Gays & Lesbians UBC. Bllr Garden. 3:30 - 8, SUB 205.
BETWEEN CLASSES DEADLINES
for TUESDAY'S paper
FRIDAY
at 3:30 pm
(The forms are picked up Friday after 3:30 and taken to be typed.  Late
submissions will not even be noticed until pick-up for the following paper.)
| FOR FRIDAY'S PAPER
WEDNESDAY
at 3:30 pm
(The forms are picked up Wednesday after 3:30 and taken to be typed.  Late
submissions will not even be noticed until pick-up for the following paper.)
LATE SUBMISSIONS
WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED!!
(Please remember this is a FREE service offered by the Ubyssey
out of the goodness of its harried little heart.  Thank-you for your consideration.)
2/THE UBYSSEY
October 6,1989 Goodbye Descartes!
Information and
Change:
"Imagine being able to stop a
television programme wherever
you wanted, and say: 'Wait a second, this thing that they're talking
about, let's find out some more on
that,' and then being able to access
a line of information all about the
topic, take in as much of it as you
like, and then return to the original programme." Imagine that;
then consider the social consequences.
LECTURE
James Burke
Sun.Oct.lst
Orpheum
Everything in the universe
tends towards heat-loss and decay. This is the second law of th-
ermo-dynamics, the so-called 'entropy law.' Every molecule moves
towards simplification and reduction until, finally, the universe
loses all energy and collapses.
This, so the entropy law informs
us, is the fate of everything.
Why then, does life on this
insignificant planet—with what
nerve? with what singular bloody-
mindedness?—appear to complexify with the passing of each
generation, in a process of com-
plexification which grows ever
more rapid and vast in its effect?
This is the opening question
addressed by world-reknowned
.journalist and science-
commentator James Burke in
a public lecture,
provocatively titled Goodbye
Descartes!
Burke begins his lecture
with reference to new research
being carried out in the area of
evolutionary studies, which points
towards change and complexifica-
tion as the result ofthe data-transfer techniques utdtlised by the
DNA helix. As the genetic "building block" of all organic life, DNA
dictates the progress of physical
evolution along lines charted
within the information structures
ofthe helix itself. This leads on to
the central theme of Burke's lecture: information will inevitably
provoke change.
When Rene Descartes laid the
ground-rules for modern scientific
theory in the 17th century he
based his new methodology on
certain assumptions of what constitutes certainty: any complex
system can be reduced to a set of
simple systems. These principles
have stood ever since, as the foundation of the scientific, industrial
society which has developed since
the 18th century.
Today, Burke argues, new
types of interactive information
technology are challenging these
assumptions: we are on the brink
of dramatic change in our way of
The hypermedia bible
by John Hudson
photos of James Burke by Dan Andrews
exchanging data, comparable to
Gutenberg's invention of the
printing press. In short, we are
saying goodbye to Descartes.
During his lecture, Burke
traces the development of our civilisation with specific regard to
changing modes of information
transfer. The development of language, an event which Burke suggests might have occurred much
earlier than currently assumed
(accurate monthly calendars over
30,000years-oldhave been discovered in Northern Europe), allowed
humans to communicate ideas
with regard to future occurrence.
The very traditions of Greek
humanist philosophy, claimed as
the heritage of Western civilisation, were founded on the shift
exchange, and set a structural
model for the "social contracts" of
Locke and Rousseau. One technological breakthrough in data-
transfer technique can be seen as
the progenital act of 500 years of
philosophical and social change.
The characteristic activity
that has marked these centuries,
particularly the 300 years since
Descartes, is reductionism: increasingly specialised thought. It
is this reductionism that has
formed modern structures of education, particularly in our universities which have come a long way
from the original notion of the
well-educated human as well-
rounded individual. If we accept
Burke's analysis of the rapidly
encroaching information revolu-
f v i^r >-> yt *v ^SK*-*
f * V *   '   -     ifn(  » ,   ?_v»s*
■'       . '7'¥       f-im*ff        *•
. '    . * .   ,*   ' If *f A? ,     f
from representative hieroglyphs
to phonetically-based alphabet
systems developed by the Phoenicians to facilitate trade around the
Eastern Mediterranean.
Gutenberg's invention of the
printing press in the 15th century
radically transformed society by
once again altering the means of
information transfer. Just as oral
tradition had been destroyed by
the development of alphabet languages, the medieval necessity of
accurate memory was made obsolete by the ability to mass-produce
written material. No area of society escaped the changes produced
by the printing press, which, directly provoking the Protestant
Reformation, affected every notion of discourse until the culmination of Descartes' scientific
method with which we have lived
for 300 years. With the printing
press came the concept ofthe written contract, which soon became
standard practice in all areas of
tion and its consequences, we are
immediately aware of a growing
problem: with its reductionist
habits, our current education
model is failing to prepare us for a
complex future of interactive technology.
"The education systems are
not preparing people at all. There
is no major effort being made to do
anything with computers except
teach   children   to   write   pro-
.•*>#-* - -*'-_____P*SL
grams—the least useful thing you
could possibly think of. It would be
like teaching kids in 1465 to typeset, instead of teaching them to
read. In any case, with increased
use of master systems technology,
program writing will be obsolete
within seven? eight? years. We're
spending all our efforts teaching
kids the wrong thing. We should
be thinking of doing to people what
they did to people when Gutenberg
invented the printing press: teach
ing people to USE computers. I
mean, when Gutenberg came along
everybody said: "This is going to
destroy human society. It will take
away our memories and lock them
up in books, and that will destroy
society.' Well it didn't, so I don't
suppose the ability to add or subtract will matter much if we haven't got it. Similar things too: we
won't need to KNOW chemistry or
KNOW bacteriology when the
machines can know for us."
As may be expected, the first
effects ofthe new information technology will be changes in our current media. It is now conceivable
that within the next decade we
might be approaching something
as familiar as television in completely new ways.
"I spent a couple of days in San
Francisco with the Apple people at
their Media Lab. There are some
very interesting things ahead if we
do the right business. If television
integrates properly with hypermedia, interactive disk and desktop
publishing, it could turn into a very
excitingmedium. It has to shed this
theatrical garbage of the nineteenth century where, you know,
people like me stand up and act in
front ofthe camera. That stuff has
got to go, but I think it will be
driven out anyway by the technology. Television sets will stop being
just entertainment boxes in the
corner, and will become communication centres where you'll get your
stuff in an interactive way. And the
minute you can interact with your
television set the way I see it happening at the Media Lab, you're not
going to want this kind of one-way
crap anymore. It's just not going to
be satisfying."
The question that immediately rises at this point is what
form this interactive "hypermedia"
would take?
"Every time you look at a
movie could be an encyclopaediac
experience, causing an interactive
experience where you actually get
in and create. One of the things
that excited me about the interactive experiment they're running at
the Media Lab is that they've taken
a film called 'Life Story', a dramatised version of Crick and Watson's
discovery of the DNA helix, and
they've made it possible to say
'Stop it there!', where Rosalind
Franklin is saying to Watson "You
guys are doing it the wrong way',
and the machine asks: "Suppose
she was right and they were wrong,
what do you think would happen?'
And you get to interact, to add your
input into the structure, and you
can even rewrite the screenplay for
how that particular segment would
have gone, in terms of what the
characters would be and how they
would develop. So not only is it a
thing about DNA, it's a thing about
drama class. So you can run it at
any level. You know, the same way
semantic fields overlap in language, you can run this kind of stuff
any way you like."
The implications of all this
for the future of education, an d for
the way we define our roles in
society, are particularly challenging to our current expectations.
"This technology will go a
long way towards replacing the
universities for people who don't
live near one. And I don't just
mean geographically near one,
also socially near one. There are
lots of what's fashionably called
the underclass, who live a long
from the universities even if
they're next door to one. So
there's lots of ways I think those
limitations could ideally be broken down.
"I don't know whether well
get degree qualifications at all
anymore. What would be the
purpose? Looking way ahead,
maybe what we're talking about
is qualifying people only in informational sciences. The modem
degree qualification is really just
a part ofthe good old, 250 year-old
concept of nine-to-five work:
being a doctor. I mean, when
people say 'What are you?', you
don't say 'I'm a rather poetic individual.' You say 'I'm a teacher' or
'I'm a doctor'. Today, you are what
you work, but I don't know if that
concept will last too long. It's only
been a blip in history anyway.
We've only been saying tilings
like that for 250 years."
It will soon be necessary for
everyone to consider the possible
political ramifications of hypermedia, as our present notions of
representational government are
made obsolete by the new technology-
"What becomes a concern in
the long run, of course, is the social implications of having machines that work like this. I'd like
to believe that what you'd do is
educate the franchise, and then
you'd have a truly participatory
democracy in which people are
daily involved in the process of
daily consensus taking."
As Burke himself is quick to
point out, this is all fantasy "with
a capital F." What constitutes the
unavoidable reality of the new
information technology is that it
is coming—coming soon—and we
will have to deal with it, one way
or another. The next phase of
evolutionary complexification
will soon be upon us, and the data
transfer tools that herald its
coming are already at work. We
know that it is the nature of information to provoke change, and
the hypermedia will be changing
our society before the centuiy is
out. Our responsibility today is to
be aware of the possibilities and
to anticipate and respond to the
changes as well as we can, and not
be surprised by what the future
brings.
"Gutenberg just
thought he would
publish a few Bibles."
October 6,1989
THE UBYSSEY/3 JLTVic
FACULTY OF LAW
Information Presentation
If you are contemplating attendance at Law School at Victoria
or elsewhere in the fall of 1990, come to an information
presentation hosted by Dick Rennie, Admissions Officer and
Assistant to the Dean of Law at the University of Victoria.
1990 Admissions packages and LSAT Applications will be
available.
Brock Hall 106
Thursday, 12 October, 1989
at 10:45 a.m.
Geographer predicts warmer climate
HILLEL
HIGHLIGHTS
Hillel's Famous
Hot Lunch
Tuesday, Oct. 10, 12:30 PM
Wednesday. October 11
12:30 PM
Torah Discussion Group
Thursdav. October 12
12:30 PM
Hebrew Conversation Group
&
"Planning an Effective Program"
Hillel House is located across from
SUB <t behind Brock Hall,
Tel: 224-4748
7 PM
Israeli Dancing SUB 207/209
by Otto Lim
The dreaded greenhouse effect might not occur until the next
century, claims a UBC geography
professor.
The greenhouse effect caused
by global warming of the earth's
atmosphere due to an excess of
carbon dioxide affects vegetation
growth and increases drought.
Low-lying countries like Bangladesh will also be threatened by the
rise in sea level. But professor
Gordon McBean believes it should
be looked at realistically.
"You can't really see the
greenhouse effect because the
oceans slow down the temperature
change for a certain amount of
time," said McBean. The average
global temperature hasn't
changed by more than one degree
Celsius in the last 2000 years.
The current average temperature of the earth is 15 degrees
Celsius. However, if there were
only oxygen and nitrogen in the
atmosphere, the temperature of
the earth would be -18 degrees
Celsius. The carbon dioxide and
water produces the natural greenhouse effect in the atmosphere.
"You have to take into account
what man is doing to the environment mixed in with the natural
variability  of the  atmosphere,"
McBean said. The greenhouse effect is influenced by an atmospheric phenomenon known as an
urban heat island. Cities heat up
by themselves through daily urban activities such as automobile
exhaust, home heating, and industrial factories.
But the greenhouse effect is
made more efficient due to the
increased emissions of carbon
from greater energy use into the
atmosphere. Humans contribute 5
billion tons of carbon per year into
the atmosphere mostly from fossil
fuel burning. The atmospheric
concentration of carbon before the
Industrial Revolution was 280
parts per million. Today, it stands
at 350 parts per million, with an
expected 600 p.p.m. in the middle
of the next century.
"We need social, economic,
and politic policies to adapt to the
warming ofthe climate. We should
have energy policies to limit any
further damage to the atmosphere," said McBean. The current
energy policies, he said, encourage
temperature increases.
McBean expects the global
change in temperature to be
around 4 degrees Celsius in the
next 10-15 years.
Salary increase; continued
continued from page 1
He also said the government
contribution this year (which supplies the largest portion of the
university's operating budget)
was partly intended for faculty
salary increases.
But the salary increase would
not have been possible without the
improved government grant or
higher tuition fees (although tuition in fact contributes a very
small amount to the overall
budget).
The increase will mean that
all faculty members will receive a
5.83 per cent increase in salary.
Also, three per cent will be used to
supplement the career advancement program which rewards
professors with salary raises in
proportion to the number of years
spent at UBC and any extra accomplishments.
In addition, each full professor will receive a $1000 bonus this
year. The remainder ofthe money
will be used for a 14 per cent increase in sessional lecturer's pay
and a raise for the general librarians.
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t   The University of British Columbia
^  Frederic Wood Theatre
• • presents • •
The Canadian Premiere of
M BLOODY POETRY
by Howard Brenton
Directed by
Gerald Vanderwoude
October 18 - 28
Special Wednesday
Preview - Oct 18
2 for the price
of 1 Regular Admission
Curtain : 8 pm
Box Office
Theatre
Frederic Wood
Room 207
Support Your Campus Theatre
4/THE UBYSSEY
October 6,1989 NEWS
UBC sings B-lot blues
Hey you Arts Students!
Show Your Pride - wear your colours - buy an
by Yukie Kurahashi
So you were lucky enough to
have found parking space in the
gravel lot this morning. But now
you have to walk half way out to
Richmond for your car after
classes.
What do you do when you
fight through 40 minutes of Vancouver rush hour traffic to find
flashing "full" lights and a ten-car
lineup outside all B-lots? What
CAN you do?
For lack of anything better to
do, let's pretend you resign yourself to being late and line up.
You wistfully glance over to
the lucky cars snuggled safely in
the lot. Then you glance at the
smug flashing "full" sign. You do a
double take.
"There are SPACES in
there!!"
You  silently  scream  in  an
outburst of student-late-for-class-
again angst.
According to Ted Leather at
Traffic and Security, there are
5600 parking spaces in all the B-
lots combined. It's not known how
many students at present drive to
school, nor is it known how many
cars are turned away every morning.
But "there's just no more
space" for new parking lots, said
Leather. "There's just nowhere
left for that."
As for the car counter, it's
thrown out of whack by drivers
who lift the barricade to force
themselves in or out, and also by
those who "centipede" out to save a
quarter.
This explains why the barricade sometimes lets drivers in
when there are no spaces available. If this happens, Leather said
that drivers should pay to get out,
then "come to our office for a refund." The Traffic and Security
office is at the corner of 16th and
Wesbrook.
Ifyou came to school at 7:30 in
the morning, you've probably
snagged a good parking spot.
Chances are also good, though,
that cars will be parked in the
aisles, effectively trapping you in
the lot.
Leather said that parking in
the aisles is good for a $15 ticket.
Now that registration has stabilized, there will be more patrols by
the Traffic department hunting
these cars down.
Although there is free parking on Marine, Wesbrook, and
East Mall, these fill up very early
in the morning.
"All we can doisencourage car
pooling," said Leather.
Arts Jackets!
first term fittings  •    Oct. 11,h & 13th, 11:30 to 1 3:30,
•   Buchanan Lounge
ON THE BOULEVARD
Complete Hair Service, Suntanning,
Electrolysis and Waxing
SUNTANNING SPECIAL
10 Sessions   <
Expires Oct. 27/89
5784 University Boulevard    Phone 224-1922 or 224-9116
Grads vote for dental plan
by Joe Altwasser
Grad students will have more
to smile about next year. The recent Grad Student Society referendum results have been finalized
and grad students have voted
overwhelmingly in favour of implementing a dental plan co-sponsored by the Canadian Federation
of Students and the Blue Cross.
The referendum was carried
out this summer through a mail-
out to each member.
Grad Student president Chris
Homes said he was "surprised at
the result ofthe referendum especially considering the price of the
program."
Over seventy per cent of the
respondents voted in favour ofthe
dental plan.
"The results seem to indicate
that there are a lot of people in
need of a dental service," said
Homes.
Homes was also pleased with
the high-level of response to the
referendum which he attributed to
the mail-out system. "Over 30 per
cent is the best we have ever had,"
he said.
A second item on the ballot
also passed but with a slim margin. The Capital Improvement
Fund will cost each member five
dollars and will be used exclusively for building maintenance.
The fund received support
from 53 per cent of the members.
Homes attributed the lower support to students wanting the dental plan more and not wishing to
support any more student funded
services.
STUDENTS
A Job on Campus!
Tortellini's, Snack Attack, and the Pit Burger Bar are now
accepting applications for part time employment.
We need flexible availability for mornings and lunch hours,
and a willingness to work 2-4 shifts a week.
Earn $6.50-7.50 per hr.
Applications available in AMS Business Office, Room 266.
SNACK
ATTACK
TORimiM'S
FOOD BOB ^^THOUGHT \J
(GEO)
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS!
Experience
One Amazing Week in Israel
tor $625.00
Including: Flights from anywhere in Canada, stay in Jerusalem Hilton Hotel, all Meals, Touring and programs.
JEWISH STUDENTS NETWORK
in conjunction with the United Israel Appeal of Canada
Presents:
Homeward Bound
Network Canada's National Convention in Israel
January 1 - 8, 1990
Jerusalem • Tel-Aviv • Masada • Dead Sea • Kinneret • Galil • and more...
FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL: HILLEL: 224-4748
LYSA SPRINGER ELI RUBENSTEIN
Jewish Students Network United Israel Appeal of Canada
Tel: (416)783-1165 Tel: (416)636-7655
OR YOUR LOCAL JEWISH CAMPUS ORGANIZATION
Travel Arrangements Through:
sabra tours ltd.   Tel: (416)638-7542
THIS SPECIAL PRICE HAS BEEN MADE POSSIBLE THROUGH THE SUPPORT OF THE UNITED ISRAEL APPEAL OF CANADA INC.
October 6,1989
THE UBYSSEY/5 FILM FESTIVAL
Cowboys
and Gus van Sant
by Katherine Monk
When Portland filmmaker
Gus van Sant started
making films at the Rhode
Island School of Design, all he
wanted to do was break the
rules.
FILM FEST
Drugstore Cowboy
Limited Release
UNITED STATES
Now, at the age of 36, van
Sant still clings to the belief that
you have to take chances—regardless of what the distributors,
producers, and the critics say.
"It's not that I'm looking to
break the rules now," he says
scratching his one o'clock
shadow. "I just realized the only
subjects I was interested in were
the ones nobody wanted to
touch."
Van San t's current film,
Drugstore Cowboy, is a case in
point. The film deals with a
group of junkies who rob drug
stores to support their habit.
Matt Dillon plays Bob, the lead
outlaw, who is in and out of
prison. He is usually one step
ahead ofthe police, but too smart
to get cocky about it.
Although Bob doesn't
possess the normal character
traits of your average hero—
unstable, superstitious, addicted,
and criminal—Bob embodies
even a square's version of the
romantic hero.
Van Sant said it was
Bob's charisma
which kept the
producers away
from the script.
"People don't
like to see
drug stories,"
van Sant said.
Adding an
attractive
drug addict
almost spells
red ink to a
distributor.
"The
distributors
don't take
enough
chances—
they are more concerned with
making money than art."
Drugstore Cowboy is art. It
is a sensitive and moving
depiction of drug subculture, and
the tragedy of addiction. Robert
Yeoman's low key cinematography, added to van Sant's detailed
direction pulls us in and out of a
druggy haze throughout the
length of the film.
Matt Dillon and Kelly Lynch
hand in premier performances
proving that they have more
depth than their brat pack
image. And while Matt Dillon's
character doesn't seem to deviate
much from his other angst-
ridden pubescent portrayals on
paper, in practice he has grown
into his chiselled features and is
not far from turning into this
generation's Marlon Brando.
Another perk in the casting
is writer William S. Burroughs's
appearance as Father Tom, a
junkie priest who used to fix the
church youth when he had a
little extra. While Burroughs will
never win an academy award for
his acting ability, he hands in a
credible performance as the
happy father.
Drugstore Cowboy was
based on an unpublished novel
by Dan Yost, who is currently
serving a prison sentence for
knocking over drug stores. Van
Sant discovered the book from a
friend who was shopping to have
it published, and liked the idea
enough to produce it in part with
£ey he made as an advertising executive on Madison
Avenue.
Van Sant is
currently working
on a script which
will probably
run into the
same financing problems
as Drugstore
Cowboy: the
story of two
male prostitutes, one
who is narcoleptic,
who fall in
love. Best of
luck, Gus.
Wt._KEMY* S51C#.LS
(A SHORT FILM FEST MUST-SEE GUIDE FOR THE LONG WEEKEND)
THE SUMMER OF AVIYA
Isreal
Friday, Paradise: 2:00 p.m.
This jewel won the silver bear at the Berlin Film festival. Written,
produced and acted by Gila Almagor, The Summer of Aviya looks at post-
holocaust Isreal through eyes of young girl who watches' her mother's
psychological destruction after surviving Auschwitz.
APARTMENT ZERO
United States
Saturday, Ridge: 9:30
Sex and intrigue in Buenos Aires, Martin Donovan directs an odd tale of
relationships.
THE VACANT LOT
Canada
Cinematheque Friday 7:00
and Saturday, 2:00
No one has seen it yet, but it's Canadian, and it's like a rock and roll show.
Sounds kinda wow.
THE UNSPOKEN
Canada
Cinematheque Sunday 9:30
A new Canadian 16mm masterpiece by avant-garde 26 yr. old Edmon-
tonian Bill Sorochan. Shot in 8 days, the 77 min. deal with a 40 year old
salesman diagnosed with cancer. Happy and sad at the same time, eh?
tells all...
by John Hudson
It isn't very often one goes to
the cinema to watch television. Yet we are so used to the
notion that feature films are
going to end up on our television
screens, so why not the other
way round?
FILM FEST
A Very British Coup
ENGLAND	
There are obvious technical
problems: much of T.V. is shot on
video which cannot be transferred to film without an adverse
"grainy" effect. Even when a T.V.
programme has been shot on
film, the stylistic demands ofthe
one medium are quite different
from another. Like live theatre,
television relies more on dialogue
(or should) and less on the
spectacle that is so powerful on a
cinematic scale.
All these things can be disregarded in viewing Alan Plater
and Mick Jackson's A Very
British Coup, the sort of television which overpowers many
motion pictures in its quality,
and confidently claims time on
the large screen.
Originally a three-part mini-
series for Britain's Channel 4,
and already broadcast in Vancouver on CBC and PBS, A Very
British Coup is characterised by
excellent performances from the
remarkable cast (a who's-who of
British stage and screen), a
thrilling job of edits and direction by Mick Jackson, and one of
the most intelligent scripts
television has ever produced.
Heading the cast is the late
Ray McAnally, in whose memory
this special Film Fest screening
was held. Shortly before he died
McAnally was interviewed as
saying he considered his role in
A Very British Coup to be the
greatest of his long career.
McAnally plays Harry Perkins, a confirmed socialist and ex-
steelworker who, through honest
policies and exposure of Tory
party corruption, has landed up
at No. 10 Downing Street, Prime
Minister of Britain. His radical
reforms, implementation of
unilateral disarmament and
refusal to bow to financial
pressure soon put him in conflict
with the civil service, the armed
forces, the media and the United
States—all the people who really
run Britain.
Even as Perkins arrives at
No.10, these forces are plotting
his swift downfall. In this, A
Very British Coup moves away
from speculative fiction and
makes direct allusion to the
recent scandal over disclosures
that the British security services
had actively disestablished
Harold Wilson's socialist government of the 1970s.
This is an openly political
thriller, and also a deconstructiv-
ist (television about television)
study raising plenty of questions
about the nature of the media in
general and television in particular, but it is not simply T.V. for
leftists. A Very British Coup is
the story of a man of principles
with a strong sense of his
heritage and of the wrongs of
centuries—of men like his
grandfather, splashed with
molten steel: "There was no
compensation. Yet."
Harry Perkins will tell the
truth, even when faced with the
most devious plots of his own
civil servants and all the forces
that have stood against his class
"even unto the middle-ages."
A Very British Coup will be
repeated on Canadian television
some time in the next year. It
can only be recommended
thoroughly and without hesitation: something to be on the lookout for.
Steamrolling the road film
by Greg Davis
The endless expanse of northern Ontario. What better
setting to stage a "road movie."
Hope and Crosby never made it
up that way, but Valerie
Buhagiar rambles from Toronto
to Sudbury to Thunder Bay on
an erratic, unpredictable quest.
FILM FEST
Road Kill
CANADA	
Buhagiar plays Ramona, an
employee of an uptight, foul-
mouthed rock promoter who
sends her off in search of a
miscreant rock band called The
Sons of Paradise. On the way she
meets everyone from a dope
smoking cab driver to a hermit
aspiring to be a serial killer. She
becomes embroiled with these
types of characters throughout
her journey and gains more
control over her life in the
process.
Filmed in black and white,
Roadkill is Canada's answer to
Stranger Than Paradise in feel
and form, but the plot is more
reminiscent of Candy Mountain.
In this case, instead of a man
from New York searching the
outback of Nova Scotia for a lost
guitar maker, we have a woman
from Toronto searching the
outback of Ontario for a band
with a missing lead singer.
Director Bruce McDonald
makes an appearance as Mr.
Shack, a documentary
filmmaker. He and his crew
bomb along the road in a Winnebago that has "Move or Die"
written across the hood. In his
zealous attempt to complete his
documentary McDonald becomes
trapped in his own creation.
McDonald has, somewhat
wryly, describes his film as a
"comedy," but a surrealistic exploration of young lives in an
absurd world would be a more
accurate description.
Since it is a "road" movie,
the act of driving is a recurring
motif. Ramona begins her quest
not knowing how to drive, and in
the attempt to learn she flattens
some furry critters crossing the
road. "To drive is to kill," quips
Mr. Shack nonchalantly. As the
story progresses, her improved
ability to drive relates to the
control and confidence she gains.
Instead of being at the mercy of
the crazy nuts she encounters,
she puts them in their place, and
becomes a little crazy herself.
The mystical and philosophical themes that underscore the
film add an interesting dimension to the banal
Canadian
atmosphere.
There is an
underlying Zen
attitude in
relation to time,
death, and
spiritual questing: a fifteen-
year-old boy
gives Ramona
his dad's car
after sleeping
with her. No big
deal, it was all
very aloof.
No one in
the picture had
any concern for
time. The cab
driver waited for
Ramona by a gas
station, keeping
the meter
running for what
seemed like
three days. Only
the edgy promoter cared
about dates and
deadlines.
Time is the
second most
powerful god in
our society (the first being
money), and the disregard for
this deity by the characters
allows the viewer to become lost
in the slowly unfolding, irrational circumstances presented
on the screen. It was like
smoking a huge spliffand losing
all consideration for society's
linear structures.
The more I think about this
film, the more things sink in. It
makes me want to take a road
trip to Sudbury. It makes me
want to improve my "driving"
skills. It makes me want to kill
in a metaphorical sense. Or to
put it all another way: the film
wuz good, I laughed, ha ha.
6/THE UBYSSEY
October 6,1989 ENTERTAINMENT
Handsome isn't enough
6y Roger Kanno
JOHNNY Handsome is a
movie about a man with potential—the potential to be something better. It is unfortunate
that this movie suffers from the
same problem. It never realizes
its full potential.
FILM
Johnny Handsome
Opened Friday
Mickey Rourke stars as
Johnny Sedley, a two-bit hood
born with a genetic disorder
which left his face horribly
disfigured. After being double-
crossed by his partners in the
robbery of a coin shop, and being
sent to prison, Johnny is given a
second chance by a plastic
surgeon. Dr. Resher (Forest
Whitaker) gives him a new face
and identity. Johnny must then
decide whether to be happy in
his new life or seek revenge on
the enemies of his past.
Dr. Resher's theory that the
rehabilitation of criminals is possible through reconstructive surgery is as hokey as the computer
graphics used to illustrate the
surgical procedure. They are
reminiscent of the Six Million
Dollar Man opening credits. Had
the rest of the movie been more
substantial, lapses in credibility
could have been overlooked.
But the plot of Johnny
Handsome fails to finish. Only
two scenes document Johnny's
childhood, and his relationship
with a friend killed in the
robbery is never fully pursued.
Even the most promising relationship in the film between
Johnny and his new girlfriend
Donna (Elizabeth McGovern) is
not completely explored.
Forest Whitaker, who gave
memorable performances in Platoon, Good Morning Vietnam,
and most recently in Bird, is just
wasted talent in this movie. He
gives a solid performance, but
the material he is given can or.l>
be taken so far. Consequently the
compassion which Dr. Resher
shows toward Johnny comes off
as contrived.
Sometimes it is possible to
try too hard to be ironic. When
Donna says to Johnny, "You
know what I like best about your
face? ...Your eyes." It is not immediately evident that the irony
of this statement dwells in
Johnny's eyes. They are the only
part of his face not altered by
surgery.
The use of this irony still
remains enigmatic by the end of
the movie.
The problem with this movie
is that its intentions are obvious,
but it fails to tell its story in a
compelling manner. Directed by
Walter Hill and co-starring Ellen
Barkin and Lance Henriksen,
Johnny Handsome has some good
acting, slick editing, and oodles of
automatic handguns. What it
does not have is the depth and
substance to be a great movie.
Shakespeare goes western
by Nadene Rehnby
IMAGINE Shakespeare set in
the dusty, false-front, John
Wayne world ofthe Hollywood
western. Doesn't quite fit, does
it?
Comedy of Errors opened
Wednesday night at the -Arts
Club on Granville Island and—
believe it or not—succeeds.
THEATRE
Comedy of Errors
Arts Club Granville Island
Until December
Shakespeare, especially
when done poorly, can last an
eternity and even be painful. Not
so with this production. It's
Shakespeare with a grain of
sugar.
The play opens to immediate
riotous laughter when gun-totin'
cowboys drawl out Shakespearean soliloquies. The image is too
stupid not to laugh at. But as the
play takes shape, you find
yourself laughing with it, not at
it.
The prologue indicates a be
ginning which occurred 30 years
prior. A Shakespearean actress,
wife to a successful merchant,
gives birth to twin sons, both
named Antipholus. Another
woman in the same Inn also
gaves birth to twins, both named
Dromio. These twins are adopted
by the merchant and become his
boys' sidekicks. But during a
storm they are shipwrecked, and
the wife and one of each ofthe
twins become separated from
their father and brothers.
Now, at the opening of the
play, twenty-five years have
passed. Antipholus and Dromio
of Syracuse, searching for their
lost brothers, are in Ephesus
where, unbeknownst to them,
their father is to die at sunset if
he cannot come up with $1,000
in gold.
The hilarious reunion of this
family forms the plot of Comedy
of Errors. Director Morris
Panych's theatrical innovations
add intrigue; he throws in the
idea of a play within a play, and
a theatre within a theatre.
Andrew Wheeler gives a
solid performance with his
portrayal ofthe two Antipholus'.
Deborah Williams plays his gun-
packin' cowgirl wife. She is a
hilarious Annie Oakley-like
counterpart to her sister, a
beautiful, refined, vision of
womanhood, played with grace
and charm by Hilary Strang.
The show, however, is stolen
away by Peter Anderson who
gives an excellent performance of
the two Dromios. It's impossible
not to laugh at any moment
Anderson is on stage.
The lighting done by Marsha
Sibthorpe, designer of over 180
Arts Club productions, is unquestionably the best lighting design
I've ever seen, and beautifully
enhances Ken McDonald's set, a
realistic replica of a typical
Hollywood western.
Ifyou have always been a
afraid of having to sit through
poorly done Shakespeare, and
don't mind a little tampering
with script and design, go and
see Comedy of Errors.
Shakespeare done as a western
has lots of potential for problems.
But by fearlessly taking risks,
and going all the way with them,
this twist of Shakespeare really
works.
i The Usresgy.
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October 6,1989
THE UBYSSEY/7 The few, the proud, the Ma~.
(ahem)
The few, the proud, The Ubyssey!
(actually, we'd prefer The many, the proud, The UbysseyT Drop by SUB 241K today.)
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Ubyssey election
voter's list
Interested in voting in The Ubyssey's election?
The Ubyssey is holding by-elections next week from
Oct. 10 to Oct 16 to elect two editors to serve as part ofthe
editorial collective for the the rest ofthe academic year. In
order to vote in the election, one has to be a "Ubyssey staffer", a person who has made three separate contributions
(either an article, photo, review, graphic, office work or
helping on production night with layout counts as one
contribution) to The Ubyssey since the first issue of The
Summer Ubyssey last July.
Ifyou are not a Ubyssey staffer, you can't vote in the
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has been left off the list come and talk to us.
The Ubyssey staffers
(3 or more contributions since July 1, 1989)
Joe Altwasser
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Ted Aussem
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Martin Chester
Steve Conrad
Franka Cordua-von Specht
Greg Davis
Paul Dayson
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Kevin Harris
Laura Hanson
Rick Hiebert
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John Hudson
Carol Hui
Ted Ing
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Mike Laanela
Hai V. Le
Keith Leung
HaoLi
Otto Lim
David Loh
Cathy Lu
Andrea Lupini
Jennifer Lyall
Jessica MacArthur
Carla Maftechuk
Laura J. May
Heather McCartney
Katherine Monk
Pat Nakamura
Stacey Newcombe
Mark Nielsen
Joanne Neilson
George Oliver
Luis Piedmont
Effie Pow
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Victor Chew Wong
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CLOSEST BYCYCLE SHOP TO UBC
ON THE
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We Also Have A Fully Stocked Service Department
8/THE UBYSSEY
October 6,1989 ANALYSIS
GVRD wrecks our water
by Tonya Zadorozny
Mass wasting. What do you
think of when you hear "mass
wasting"? The effect you imposed
on your cerebellum on Friday
night; the bombing of Hiroshima;
a new skatepunk term; the garbage Canadians throw out each
day; the genocide that is happening to all aboriginal people around
the world; what happens at a frat
party. Good guess, but there is
still another, close to our homes!
Mass wasting is a biogeo-
physical process that is currently
being brought to you by your
fiendly (oops, friendly) GVRD. It
is a side effect of their management and working plan No. 4. "So
what," you say, "Big deal,
it doesn't affect me." (a
common response to most
environmental problems).
Well, dream on kiddies because this "mass wasting"
is currently occurring in
all three watersheds that
supply water to Vancouver and the Lower Mainland. That means it's in
the water you drink and
put in your body. And all a
result of management and
working plan No.4.
Living in Canada allows us luxuries that most
of us never think about.
Especially things like food
and       clean       water.
Throughout most of Vancouver's   history,   pure
clean, unpolluted water has been
provided   courtesy   of  the   old
growth forest watersheds proximal to Vancouver. A watershed is
all the little streams and creeks
that drain into larger and larger
creeks until the water reaches a
lake or driver.   The drainage area
is determined by the elevation of
the land, thus a valley and its
water drainage area can be considered a watershed. All of Vancouver's  water is  provided by the
Capilano, Seymour and Coquitlam watersheds.    For millennia
these and other natural ecosystem
watersheds   have   performed   a
simple water movement pattern
called the hydrological cycle.   It
rains, water condenses on vegetation or waters the earth, some of
the rain increases the runoffin the
watershed, water evaporates from
water bodies or transpires from
plants to become water vapor that
caused rain. And so on, and so on
and so on. Perfect and beautiful.
But not for long in our natural
pure water machinery if the
GVRD continues with the management and working plan No. 4.
The GVRD has and is currently
creating massive clear cuts and
resultingloggingroads in all three
watersheds (Coquitlam, Seymour
and Capilano). You haven't heard
anything about it? Surprise! Surprise! They will tell you about the
plan for "intensive watershed-forest management" (quote from J.R.
Morse, Manager, Water and Con-
G R E at I
Vancouver's watershed. Circled areas are
being clearcut.
struction, GVRD) if you specifically ask them about loggingin our
watershed. Kind of deja-vous with
catch-22.
They initially began their
"management" to control insect
infestation. Cut down all the trees
to kill a few bugs? A truly effective
method of biological control. It has
worked so well they may just take
out all the trees so them nasty
bugs can't get to them. The road-
building (which involves lots of
dynamiting) and clear cutting occurs mostly at the edges of the
reservoir and surrounding rivers.
These practices change the fluvial
(waterflow) patterns which results in flooding and soil erosion.
All the erosion (organic material
from soil) ends up in the reservoirs
(  our  drinking  water)  and in
creases the turbidity levels
(amount of suspended solids in
water). Not only will this be aesthetically unpleasing but just
think of all the little bacteria,
cyanobacteria (blue-green algae)
and amoebas that just love all that
extra organic material.
Not all of these little critters
will be friendly , some may be or
carry pathogens (disease causing
agents). Extra nutrients in water
results in algae blooms. Such
blooms have been a common problem in the water supply for Regina, Saskatchewan. You might
have heard of their water. I have
had the misfortune of experiencing it. Showers smell like the
water you used to boil corn,
and even 7-11 slurpee slime
cannot conceal that cyanobacteria waste taste. Residents there have inflated
taxes to install carbon filtra-
tions systems that only last
for a few years. But, we can
kill all these dreadful
beasties if we increase the
amount of chlorine in our
water.
Chlorine has a high electron affinity (electron grabbing ability) and loves to involve itself in all sorts of radical reactions that form products like organochlorines, dioxins, furans and all sorts of
previously unidentified toxins. You must have heard of
some of these toxins before,
they are the same ones that are
produced by the pulp and paper industry when they chlorine bleach
our paper, oh so white.
There may be another side
effect. Something to do with increased heavy metal concentration which would probably be
dropped in our grey matter. Anyway, the working plan No. 4 will be
made available for public viewing
prior to final approval by the Chief
Forester of the Ministry of Forests, so let the GVRD know how
you feel about your water.
The vilest no
*est(tE>hKa.m
Marc Coulombe
Raging Guitarist
Classic Folk and Rock
The Orientation Bzzr
Garden was not enough.
Catch him in
the Fireside Lounge
Graduate Student
Centre 8:30 pm.
Everyone Welcome.
AN INFORMAL GATHERING
FOR WORSHIP AND
DISCUSSION
SUNDAY EVENINGS 7:30 PM
Thanksgiving Dinner
at 6:00 PM, Oct. 8
Lutheran Campus Centre
(Comer of Wesbrook and University)
Sponsored by
United Church Campus Ministry
at UBC
St. Anselm's Anglican Church
Information:
Brad 224-3722
Michael 224-8861
NEWCOMERS WELCOME
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UNIVERSITY VILLAGE 2ND FLOOR 2174 W. PARKWAY, VANCOUVER, B.C. PHONE (604) 224-6225
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VANCOUVER BRANCH
7521 6th Street
Burnaby, B.C. V3N 3M2
Phone: (604) 525-1850
RELIGIOUS FOUNDERS DAY
SYMPOSIUM
Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam is
Proud to present a symposium for
the benefit of all religions.
The Topic: "Brotherhood Amongst Religions"
Distinguished Speakers from: Bhuddism,
Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Sikhism & Islam.
Place: International House (Upper Lounge)
1783 West Mall U.B.C.
Time: 6:30 P.M. to 10 P.M.
Date: Oct. 11th. 1989
Refreshments will be served
Contact: 596-3251, 525-1850
The Graduate Student Centre
Society is getting involved in
A Music Quizz.
J.    %    I
Who wrote 'My Wife'?
Too easy? Battle your wits
with DJ. Gerry Simpson.
Friday, October 13,1989
Bzzr Garden 5:30 pm.
RED LEAF RESTAURANT
LUNCHEON SMORGASBORD
Unique Traditional Chinese       """
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LICENSED PREMISES
70",. DISCOUNT
on cash pick-up orders.
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CAREER WITH
PROCTER & GAMBLE
CELLULOSE
Procter & Gamble Cellulose invites you to join our team of professionals. Our growing operations requires people with sound
technical skills in combination with dynamic interpersonal skills.
Procter & Gamble Cellulose, which operates a pulpmill, sawmill and woodlands operations in Grand Prairie, Alberta, is
currently offering rewarding careers for individuals graduating from:
• Bioresource Engineering
• Chemical Engineering
• Civil Engineering
• Computer Engineering
• Electrical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Computer Science/MIS
Finance
Honors Chemistry
Please check with the Campus Recruiting Centre for further information.
Engineering Students are also encouraged to apply for summer positions.
General information sessions will be held on Tuesday October 10, in room 206 ofthe Chemical Engineering Building at the
following times:
1:30 - 2:30    Information Session
2:30-3:15     Informal Discussion
3:30 - 4:30    Information Session
4:30 - 5:15    Informal Discussion
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October 6,1989
THE UBYSSEY/9 vae victis
Quorum. The AMS appears to have come up with a
novel method of calculating quorum. Unlike most referendums that require a quorum, AMS referendums have a
curious difference; quorum is decided not by the total
number of votes cast but by the votes cast by one side.
Their reasoning is intriguingly lopsided when one
considers that the purpose of quorum is to ensure that
students are fairly represented in an election/referendum.
Let's try out the brand of fairness the AMS imposes.
The Student Administrative Commission nailed the
quorum for the SRC referendum at 2650—ten per cent of
the maximum number of day students registered at the
university during the voting week—a figure that also
fluctuated all week. It would then follow that if 2650
students had voted NO, students would no longer be paying
the SRC levy. But it also follows that if 2648 students had
voted YES and 2649 students had voted NO, then the
referendum would have been invalidated because quorum
was not reached...on either side.
Keeping in mind that the purpose of quorum is to
ensure fair representation, does it not appear marginally
contradictory that a smaller student turn out can pass a
referendum while a greater turn out spread across both
sides cannot?
Fair elections are the foundations of democracy.
But seemingly not at UBC where the AMS preaches a
twisted type of democracy.
Moreover, the turn out of voters this year is far from
shabby in comparison to previous years. And far from
shabby considering most students are probably bored with
the SRC by now. Either the one-sided quorum is set too
high, or the timing of the referendum is a factor. Or both.
September. Students spend September immersing
themselves in their books, classes, and campus life. Who
noticed the discreet neutral campaign going on concerning
the hygienically-named Student Recreation Centre
(RecFac had more character)?
Noting the poor record of previous AMS referendums
that have reached quorum—only four of the last twelve
since 1979 have been validated—the chances of an early
referendum passing were indeed slim, probably non-existent.
And after last-year's boisterous November referendum
marked by a fierce YES campaign sanctioned by the AMS,
full participation by numerous campus clubs and faculties,
and the university administration, this year's second attempt was doomed to fall flat.
Fallen it has. Future election/referendums will suffer
similar fates if the AMS Codes and By-laws are not reexamined and revamped.
The various members ofthe Alma Mater Society executive and the representatives of the various constituencies
often say, in defense of their decisions or powers, that they
have been "elected by the students" of UBC. But it would be
particularly hypocritical for members ofthe AMS executive
who barely cleared a thousand votes in their election to
office to ignore 2600 voters who disagree with the palatial
playpen that is the SRC.
This year's fiasco should be highly contested by 2612
voters. Majority vote does not want the SRC. But majority
vote has lost out.
theUbyssey
October 6, 1989
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bytheAlma Mater Society
of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those ofthe staffand not necessarily those ofthe
university administration, or ofthe sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k of the
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301;  advertising, 228-3977;   FAX# 228-6093
It's a quarter alter four in the morning in the wee early morning in Quebec. The moonlight
dripped glistening into a purple cup held by Linda Chobotuck. "Drink this.", she said to
Micheal Booth, a wicked grin twisted her face into an awful parody of Jason Glynos. Keith
Leung, a canvas of intellectualism vaguely resembling Otto Lim, who beat up Robyn Iwata
in the shower ol Mark Nielson. "Nevermore" chirped Stacey Newcombe trying to outdo Lorraine Schober with her Knowledge of Edgar Alan Poe. Enthralling the crowd Kevin Harris
sliced Nadene Rehnby into to seven little bits, "ft slices, itdices, it'sthe Ronco Turnip Twaddler." So the lovely and charming assistant Yukie Kurahashi was kept busy delivering the
40,000Twaddlers that Catherine Lu had ordered. She wantedto make a gruesome Easter
cake for John "Spu Htrreue" Hudson. In all grand sheep woolandsepia turtles Muscleman
Dan Andrews pinched Barry Manilow. "You dirty rotten, hairy , scaly toupee sucking,
cheeseball snorting, toe-stomping, lizard-licking, brouhaha-farting photographer!", said
Barry. Afragrant smell came wafting through the smog that surrounded Sub 241k. Arriving
on a starlit sea of giggles came Laura Hanson. She was preceded by Joe Altwasser
wearing a blue sequined gown and throwing Franka Cordua von Specht and Chung Wong
into any mud filled holes that were in the path. "We are in the fields tending the fashionable
red ewes and making curry. Baal Baal", cried Ernie Stelzer. Tobogganing down the Seven
Hills of Rome at the breakneck speed of crack propagation in warm lime Jello came Rajiv
Reebye ThetobogganwasTonyaZadorarony—a superduper snow rosebud sled. Roger
Kanno had decided to replace Bill Vanderslap and Ted Aussem (the everlasting radiator
painter of Renoir magnitude) was his campaign manager. Rick Hiebert is grooving a to
French political love song. "Mon Dieu, have a croissant, ma petite chouette." The titillating
chanteuse Katherine Monk is cooing in her swanky bote while the boy soprano performs
an ethereal aria There came a horrible wailing and a gnashing, I mean a horrible gnashing
of teeth, as the mad Demon from hell Effie Pow swept everybody into the crucible. The
mess left behind was beyond the abilities of the cleaning staff. Greg Davis vomited.
EDITORS
Joe Altwasser •  Frank Cordua-von Specht
Chung Wong
Letters
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or tactually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.	
Doctor Kurt... on commitment
By Kurt Preinsperg
"A woman will always
be looking for commitment,
no matter what she says in
the beginning," a female
acquaintance told me some
time ago. And she added,
sweetly: "I wouldn't touch a
man like you with a ten foot
pole."
I had occasion recently
to ponder her words. Few of
life's thunderbolts jolt a
man quite as hard as the
breakup of a warm love relationship with a good
woman. When two people
have merged their selves
during a period of intense
togetherness, going separate ways creates an aching
gap, as if part of one's inner
being had been torn off.
Among the most common reasons why relationships end, at least in our
culture, is disagreement
between men and women
about commitment. Male
and female ideas about
where a relationship should
go, and how fast, are often
hopelessly out of sync.
It's a rule with admittedly many exceptions that
men are content to enjoy the
here and now and are sluggish about making promises
for the future, whereas
many women Invest" in
relationships with an eye to
the future. If, after a few
months, a man hasn't made
progress toward commitment, women often have the
amazing fortitude to break
off an otherwise terrific relationship.
Apparently there exists
a whole genre of books to
teach women how to coax
and shame men into making
commitments. From a
sternly judgmental "mental
health" perspective, these
books categorize men according to their degree of
commitment-mindedness.
Consoling as it may be for
women to diagnose deep
Freudian defenses to explain men's crippling fears
of commitment, this is little
more than moralistic bigotry in a pop-psychological
guise.
Judging a man's value
not by the many complex
facets of his personality, but
by his position on the commitment-fearing spectrum,
is surely just as offensive as
when a woman's value is
judged, not by the many
complex facets of her personality, but by her sex
appeal. To label a man as
"commitment-phobic", Incapable of intimacy" or even
"good-for-nothing" belittles
the  momentous dilemmas
about what exactly tips the
scales in favor of avoiding
commitment.
First, to think that
"commitment problems"
stem from a widespread
male addiction to promiscuity or serial monogamy is far
too simplistic. Many young
men are conflicted not about
the idea of commitment as
such but about making a
commitment on a woman's
terms. Women who are fast
approaching the nest-building phase or who have children already may understandably not be able to offer commitment on terms
which an economically
struggling, sexually restless
man will readily find palatable.
which the issue of commitment poses. A person has,
after all, only one life to
commit to someone.
Equating commitment
with intimacy is especially
facile. Commitment means
surrendering permanent
monopoly rights over a large
part of oneself (and especially over one's sexuality).
Intimacy means sharing
oneself wholeheartedly
with another person in the
present. Clearly, the kind of
commitment many women
look for is neither necessary
nor sufficient for intimacy.
Both men and women
carry inside them a pair of
scales on which they weigh
their love for another person
against the opportunity
costs of the relationship -
and the only real difference
between men and women is
how they assess these costs.
Neither women nor men
themselves are always clear
When survey after survey shows that the traditional marriage setup is
associated with lousy sex
and endless guilt trips about
sporadic infidelities and
then ends, half the time, in
divorce court, it's hard to
fault men who embrace that
venerable institution with
less than starry-eyed enthusiasm. In fact, the demand
to cater to women's powerful
baby-making urges may
make a man feel exploited
as merely a means to an end.
Second, since women
are notorious for attaching
themselves preferentially to
men with power and money,
many young men decide to
postpone commitment for
the sake of careers. To put it
bluntly: the kind of women a
man desires are often not
attracted to him until he has
made an economic success of
his life. In fact, it's the fantasy of attracting an excep
tionally desirable woman
which fuels so much of the
excessive, even self-destructive career obsessions of
many men.
Third, the men who shy
away from early commitment are often precisely
those men who are truly
fond of women. For such
men, the sight of a lovely
woman is like being bathed
in sunlight on a frosty day.
It's a powerful energizer for
them, an eternally renewable source of exhilarating
fantasies, to contemplate
their freedom to pursue the
promptings of their polymorphous attractions occasionally to the stage of consummation.
Women generally don't
understand how important
this freedom is even to those
men who rarely make use of
it. If one is in a committed,
every-hour-accounted-for
relationship, the possibilities of acting on one's attractions are largely foreclosed
by feelings of guilt, jealousy,
and a nightmare of other
problems. Better to be condemned for inability to commit, a man may think, than
to be even more fiercely
condemned for lapses in fidelity.
Single life is often
harsh and lonely, but the
alternative is, for many
men, not very tempting. If
men are accused of being
commitment-shy, many
women could fairly be seen
as far too goal-focussed in
relationships, their expectations of a socially defined
outcome marring the process of affectionate bonding.
Kurt Preinsperg is a
philosophy grad student
who is trying not to let
student politics swallow
up his love life.
10/THE UBYSSEY
October 6,1989 r-
OM!>
Kittens buy the
farm
Dear Dr. Strangway:
In spite of pleas from over
6,000 people to end all of the unnecessary sight deprivation experiments and to free the kittens
BK13 and BK14 at the VGH Eye
Care Centre, the experiments
continue and the kittens have
been killed and dissected.
To date, you have not issued
any statement whatsoever on this
matter. We request that you act
responsibly to protect both animals and people from the harmful
medical fraud of vivisection and
address everyone's concern by
stopping these inhumane, scientifically fallacious experiments.
Lifeforce is continuing our
campaign and we are enclosing
196 more postcards from people
who oppose the blinding of animals in UBC/VGH experiments.
The total of cards which have been
hand delivered by Lifeforce is
6,671; hundreds more have been
mailed to you directly by concerned individuals.
As I stated in our still unanswered letter of June 8th, we urge
you as a scientist and as a humane
person to stop these experiments
on  both   moral   and   scientific
grounds. Ifyou do so, you will not
only be ending the suffering of
kittens and others, but you will
also be leading the way towards a
more humane, scientifically sound
research system.
We await your response.
For a better health care system.
Peter Hamilton
Director Lifeforce
Dang right and
bravo?
The true measure of a nation's
"kinder gentler" level is in its protecting the rights of the weakest
members of society.
In his letter of Sept. 26, Chris
Brayshaw attempted to excuse
purported Progressive Conservatives for their policies, which according to Mr. Brayshaw, defy
"logic and common sense", by dismissing the P.C. types as being
quite funny jokesters and possibly
anarchists.
On Sept. 29, a director of the
UBC PCs, Rob vander Ende, responded with "...Mr. Brayshaw is
entitled to his opinions, however
distorted, warped, misinformed,
perverse, misleading, or negative
they might be..." Dang right and
bravo! I applaud Mr. vander
Ende's progressive stance, defend
ing freedom of speech for even the
nasty and wrong. In this spirit of
tolerance, and as an exercise of my
right to my opinion—false, obnoxious and obtuse notwithstanding—let me here say that Prime
Minister Brian Mulroney is a
grand fellow, being a biodegradable kind of guy and further that I
gleefully anticipate the day when I
can courtesy of Free trade, buy a
bigger, cheaper plastic elephant
from the United States.
And, while Mr. vander Ende
does graciously defend the right of
others to "distorted (et al.)" opinions, I assume confidentially, that
he would not want to express
himself thus, and so, might I point
out "a balanced budget and a
united country" are certainly not
"gauche", but truly "droit".
Dorritta Fong
Arts 2
Y'all drop on by,
hear!
Dear Cos van Wermeskerken:
In response to your critical
Ubyssey letter of Oct. 3, we invite
you to drop by for a friendly visit to
the Board of Governors/Senate
office in SUB 262.
Not only are all senators very
welcome, the four of us who now
share this office sincerely welcome
all students. We are in our office for
3 or 4 hours every day.
In spite ofthe fact that we have
to take the sort of browbeating
you've just unleashed on the AMS,
a group of students more strongly
committed to helping students
than the current AMS student
leaders would be difficult to imagine.
Rub shoulders with us, watch
us do our job, and then form an
opinion.
Tim Bird
Kurt Preinsperg
AMS Board of Governors Reps
Why weren't we
consulted?
In August 1990, UBC will be
the host for the Gay Games. This is
our campus, for many our home.
Should we not have a say as to what
happens in our home? Why weren't
the students involved earlier?
We, the students, are asked to
vote on many issues concerning us.
The Student Recreation Centre,
for example is one such issue. But
how can we be guaranteed that our
views count for the Student Recreation Centre when we are not
even consulted for such a controversial issue as the Gay Games?
By allowing the games to be
held at UBC, it demonstrates that
we are all in favour of the games
and therefore, homosexuality. But
does everyone at UBC agree with
homosexuality? No. Obviously,
the views of the whole student
body were not considered.
UBC is supposed to be a democratic institution, but does anyone
know why the students were not
involved in the decision to host the
Gay Games?
Y.Vegt
Arts 2
B-Lot gonna blow
up real good?
I am pissed off.
I pay $1,600 to attend this
institution and every morning I
am forced to pay for parking. Just
because I don't have classes until
10:30 a.m. is no reason for me to
have to waste my time searching
for non-existent parking facilities
and my cash paying for the only
ones available.
I call "bullshit" on this. What's
worse is seeing abundant spaces
available in the staff/faculty areas. I predict that if the situation
does not improve, unfortunate
destruction of parking property
will occur.
Name Witheld
Arts 3
separate
holdings to
Eytongaineil
helped him e
his Canadian
GSS FLASH
How long does it take you to
write a peom? Have you ever
written a poem? Do you scorn
poetry because your high-
school English teacher made
you write verse? If you can
answer any of these questions,
come on out to the Garden
Room, Grad Centre at 5:30 this
evening and sweat it out with
the rest of Vancouver's budding
poets. Next Friday listen for the
music quizz.
Everyone Welcome!
GMAT LSAT
GRE
Weekend Test
Preparation
CALL: 222-8272
Sexton p
Educational Centers
PROFESSIONALS IN TEST PREPARATION"
SILKSCREENING
rZauUf
OYE SPORTSWEAR & DESIGN
* T-SHIRTS    7.35 EACH
'SWEATSHIRTS     13.50 EACH
* POLO SHIRTS    13.95 EACH
PLUS MANY MORE STYLES ...
(Based on 25 units per style/design)
PRICE INCLUDES:  1 colour print, garments, set
up. screen & artwork .    puff printing & flash cure-
ing (.33 extra) .... solid coloured fabrics may vary
in price .... additional colour printing by quctation
Call: (Ask for Kenneth) 688-6879
Monday - Saturday     10 am - 6 pm
Open SaturdaysJSunday& Evenings by appointment
October 6,1989
THE UBYSSEY/11 NEWS
Panel discusses martial law
by Effie Pow
Often in times of disorder we
seek understanding, and yesterday's panel discussion on Tiananmen Square in the Asian Centre
was another effort to provide the
students of UBC with more insight.
The panel included two UBC
professors and one UBC graduate
student who answered two questions: Why did it take so long for
the military to intervene? Was the
violence intentional and systematic or did it escalate to an uncontrollable level?
Professor Rene Goldman
(Asian Studies) opened discussion
on the first question. He said that
in the 1980s, China's government
emphasized army professionalism. Unlike in years of the Cultural Revolution when the army
was a political instrument, modernizing the army meant "depoli-
tizing" it. This change of policy
shifted the army's duties and the
relations between the government
and army. No longer does the new
generation of soldiers expect to
suppress demonstrations, rather
they are trained professionally to
deal with national defence.
History graduate student
Glen Peterson was studying in
Guangzhou during China's turbulent spring and summer.
Historically, "the People's
Liberation Army does not fight the
people" he told the audience of
about 100. "The PLA loves the
people and cherishes the capital."
Consequently, martial law,
which pits the army against its
citizens is "political dynamite," he
said.
According to Peterson, the use
of military force in China was traditionally considered an inferior
alternative to education and there
was an established institution of
the people's right to revolt against
autocracy.
Thus martial law "legitimized" the movement in the eyes
of the students and the people,
making it even more difficult for
the army to move in.
After the declaration of martial law, observed Peterson, students shifted their focus away
from freedom and democracy and
concentrated more on overthrowing Li Peng. He also pointed out
that the student movement triggered leadership struggles within
the government.
Professor Graham Johnson
(Sociology) gave an overview ofthe
unfolding poltical events which
may have discouraged, temporarily, the army from intervening
earlier.
According to Johnson, during
the time of the student movement
and Gorbachev's visit to China in
May, there were 15,000 journalists covering the events, undoubtedly a significant number and a
deterrant for military action: The
world was watching Beijing.
Johnson also discussed the
relationship between the army
and the struggle for succession in
the government.
"The Chinese army is part of
the political complex that is
China.
"The octagenarians will not
live forever; Deng is 85 years old",
he said, adding that the army's
support is signifigantly divided
among government factions.
"Moving army units is a fairly
delicate business," he said. This is
because the army is allocated
around the country partly due to
loyalties extending back to the
civil war period that exist, according to Johnson.
In addressing the second
question on the army's violence,
Johnson said the violence escalated through a series of random
events.
"What we saw... makes no
sense politically in terms of humanity," he said.
Johnson also pointed out that
in such a large area as Tiananmen
Square, the certainty of what really happened, especially events
occurring at night, is "murky."
Goldman responded that ultimately, the emphasis on the
whether the violence was random
or not is hardly relevant. What
matters, he said, is who was responsible.
By avoiding the legitimate
questions of the students and declaring martial law, the "octege-
narian thugs" clearly indicated
their intentions, he said. Goldman
also cited Deng's history and his
readiness to spill blood: the suppressed democratic movement of
1981 and the public execution of
criminals in 1983-84.
Johnson said that what happened on June 4, 1989 compromised Deng's open policy and all
economic reforms made between
1977-89.
He added "There is a sense
that the trust between army and
people has been abrogated."
MacFest
Oct 10th & 11th
10:00 am-4:00 pm
Introducing the
Macintosh" Portable,
the newest member
of the Macintosh family
of personal computers.
See what Apple®
can do for you!
Enter our draw to win
a Macintosh Plus^.
BOOKSTORE
MacFest is a trademark ol Apple Computer Inc.
Macintosh, Apple and Macintosh Plus are registered trademarks ol Apple Computer Inc.
19 15-1990
ANNIVERSARY
October is
Computer Month
12/THE UBYSSEY
October 6,1989

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