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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 20, 1976

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Array NDU's shafting imminent
By HEATHER WALKER
There is very little chance that
Notre Dame University in Nelson
will receive enough funding from
the provincial government to
continue operating next year,
Universities Council chairman
William Armstrong indicated
Thursday.
"We (the Universities Council)
recommended to the provincial
government that they continue to
fund NDU for another year,"
Armstrong said.
"But so far I haven't heard any
encouraging noises about
university funding generally."   ,
The Universities Council is
responsible for distributing money
from the government to the three
public universities.
THE U8YSSSY
And even if NDU receives funds
for next year, the council is considering a future alternative for
the university, Armstrong said.
"The council feels very strongly
that we should develop external
degree programs to cover the
whole province rather than
granting local degress," he said.
In an external degree program,
he said, students would attend
community colleges for their first
and second years wherever these
were available. They would then
complete their degrees by
correspondence and tutorial
sessions from the coast universities, he said.
"The University of London has
been granting degrees this way for
the past 50 or 60 years, and the
correspondence degrees are just as
prestigious as the ones granted to
students attending the university.
"A correspondence degree would
be just the same as any other UBC
degree."
Armstrong said the comparatively high cost of educating a
student at NDU could be important
McLUHANESQUE IMAGE of university to come is actually students
studying and  listening to Wilson recording collection in Sedgewick
* .*
—doug field photo
library. Extensive compilation of recordings is used by many students
to not only enjoy good recordings, but to take in knowledge-
Student motions get senate approval
By CHRIS GAINOR
Senate passed two student-
sponsored motions Wednesday
establishing a committee to investigate teaching quality at UBC
and asking the board of governors
to set up another committee to
investigate tenure at UBC.
Student senators Ron Walls and
Gordon Funt, who sponsored the
two motions, said tenure and
teaching quality are of great
concern to students.
Funt said "justice must not only
be done but must be seen to be
done. The present tenure system
does not ensure this."
The first motion asks the board
fo form a committee to investigate
the criteria used in granting tenure
and the relative strength placed on
these criteria, the methods used in
ascertaining performance and how
the criteria are applied to
measuring academic strength and
balances.
The second motion calls for a
senate committee to "make
specific recommendations concerning the effectiveness of faculty
members in teaching situations."
There was lively debate on both
motions and both were passed only
after amendments were made.
Several deans and faculty
senators disagreed with Funt's
statement in accompanying
material to the first motion, which
said teaching quality at UBC has
fallen in recent years.
Chemistry department head
Charles McDowell said UBC gives
more emphasis to teaching in
tenure decisions than any other
university he knows of.
Arts dean Robert Will said 10 to
12 profs are granted tenure for
every three who are denied tenure.
He claimed many profs who are
good teachers but poor researchers
are granted tenure.
40 grads' exam results lest
By WARD WEBBER
Forty students' answer sheets to
a graduate school entrance
examination are lost somewhere
between the UBC student services
office and Princeton, New Jersey.
Dick Shirran, director of student
services, said Wednesday the post
office is tracing them, but "it's up
to Educational Testing Services
(the New Jersey agency that
marks and distributes the exam) to
handle their own problems."
Bonnie Reeves, arts 4, whose test
sheet is among those missing from
the Dec. 14 writing, said the
graduate record examination
results are required for admission
to post-graduate schools in North
America.
She said the marks deadline for
most grad schools is late January
or  early   February,   "and   most
people who wrote that test
probably don't have the slightest
idea their answers have disappeared."
Her marks were to have been
sent from ETS to Stanford
University in California by Jan. 15,
which is the school's admission
deadline.
"I didn't even find out (about the
loss) until Stanford notified me this
Tuesday," she said.
Shirran said he mailed all 40
sheets to ETS Dec. 15, two days
after the test was written.
"They were sent by first class
airmail, the usual way," he said.
He first heard the forms were
missing when ETS contacted him
in early February to tell him they
had not arrived and to ask if he had
mailed them.
"I didn't hear from them again
until a few days ago. They said
then they will have the post office
trace them at that end.
"Meanwhile," Shirran said,
"I'm willing to help the students
involved in any way I can." He said
he will write letters of explanation
to the grad schools for any students
who need them, but added that
"these tests may be a factor in
admission, butnot the sole factor."
If the answer sheets are not
found, the ETS "may request
another test session within a week
— possibly Feb. 28," Shirran said,
but cautioned that the date is very
tentative.
When reminded of a similar loss
of Law School Aptitude Tests
written last year at the University
of Alberta, Shirran said "this has
never happened to us in my 25
years' experience."
But Funt said senate "has a duty
to students, the university and the
community to safeguard teaching
quality."
He added that the motion "is
only recommending a committee.
Senate is not tampering with
tenure."
Anthropology prof Cyril Belshaw
said "the movers of this mption
(establishing the board committee) are not going to get what
they want from this motion. They
have more faith than I in the
board."
He suggested that meetings of
faculty, students and administration representatives, held
several years ago on a regular
basis, be reinstated.
Psychology head Peter Suedfeld
tried to limit the motion on tenure
by amendment to cover only the
relative weights given to the different criteria.
He said the faculty handbook and
the administration-faculty
association agreement define the
criteria used for granting tenure.
But Walls replied that "they in
no way show how tenure is decided.
It's senate's job to safeguard
teaching." The proposed amendment was rejected.
During debate on the motion to
set up a committee to investigate
teaching quality, faculty senators
said it is difficult to establish one
standard for teaching.
Belshaw said "one standard is
not possible," and called
questionnaires used by students to
evaluate teaching "banal trivia."
in the government's decision on
funding the institution.
"The costs of training are close
to double UBC's costs," he said.
"It comes to a crunch and you
have to decide what will benefit the
greatest number of students."
Educational   consultant   Jim'
Bixby  said  it  costs   $4,198  per
student for one year at NDU as
opposed to $2,000 at UBC.
But NDU student president Andy
Shadrack Thursday disputed these
figures.
"Those figures were based on an
enrollment of 437 full-time
students, but we actually have
540," Shadrack said.
"Our costs may be higher than
UBC's, but not that much higher."
Last year the provincial
government gave NDU a grant of
$1.8 million, which covered 73 per
cent of its budget.
But in late January, education
minister Pat McGeer said the
government would discontinue the
grant and asked the Universities
Council to be responsible for
preparing NDU's budget, as it is
for the other universities.
But Shadrack said NDU does not
come under the Universities Act
and the Universities Council
therefore cannot legally fund it.
In addition to the government
grant, NDU receives funds from
student fees and research funds
which cover some faculty salaries,
NDU faculty association president
Vince Salvo said.
Salvo said NDU has enough
funds to continue to operate to the
end of this academic year.
"We can stay open until the end
of April," he said.
"By then we'll only have $14,000
left, and if we stayed open until
June we'd be $4,000 short. That
means that some students who
were planning to complete their
degrees in summer school won't be
able to."
Salvo said the university was a
major source of revenue for the
Nelson area.
"Our budget last year was $2
million, and extra student revenue
and events sponsored by the
university brought the total up to
about $4 million."
NDU also provides jobs for 48
full-time faculty members and 100
other staff members, making it one
of the biggest employers in the
area, he said.
Shadrack said McGeer, when
campaigning as Liberal party
leader in 1972, said he would make
NDU the fourth public university in
B.C. if he became premier.
"He seems to have changed his
mind since then," Shadrack said.
Petition for
referendum
held back
Alma Mater Society returning
officer Brent Tynan is witholding a
petition calling for a referendum
on the eviction of crafts vendors
from SUB because he thinks there
is a better way.
"It would be to the vendors' own
benefit to wait for the Student
Representative Assembly and the
; Student Administrative Commission to come into effect next
year (under the. new constitution)," Tynan said Thursday.
He said the vendors would be
more likely to be allowed back into
SUB under the new constitution
than if a referendum is called as
the petitions, which include the
required number of signatures,
call for.
And Tynan said he is under no
constitutional obligation to turn
over the petitions to AMS secretary
Ellen Paul.
AMS coordinator Nadine McDonnell said last week she did not
know where the petitions were.
The petitions began circulating
Seepage 5: UBC Page 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 20,  1976
Hikers
invited
The large forests of the
endowment lands are crossed by
trails which -provide joy to
outdoor lovers and nature
enthusiasts.
A series of walks will be held
on these trails at 1:30 p.m. on
Sunday and on Feb. 29 and
March. 7. The walkers meet at the
Hot flashes
doggie park on the south side of
Northwest Marine Drive.
Openings
Orgfhizers of the gala UBC
Open House are still looking for
volunteers to act as guides,
information booth operators and
telephone operators.
March 5 and March 6 are the
big dates when UBC invites the
public on campus to see how great
the university is.
Thousands are expected to
attend this huge exercise in public
relations.
Open House runs from noon to
9 p.m. March 5 and 10 a.m. to 9
a.m. March 6. Anyone interested
in helping should get in touch
with Mike Moran in SUB 1-S5 or
phone 228-5515.
Tween classes
TODAY
NDPCLUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 207.
EL CIRCULO SPANISH CLUB
Party    organization,    noon,    Brock
annex 351A.
SPEAKERS COMMITTEE
Organizational meeting, noon, AMS
executive offices.
COMMITTEE FOR A
DEMOCRATIC UNIVERSITY
General meeting, noon_Bu. 100.
PORNOSOC
Organizational    meeting   and    slide
show, noon, SUB auditorium.
THUNDERBIRD HOCKEY
Play-by-play    from    Saskatoon,    6
p.m., CITR radio.
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
Panel discussion on ICBC rate hikes
and      protests,      8      p.m.,      1208
Granville.
THE CENTRE COFFEE HOUSE
A   bluegrass   serenade,   8:30   p.m.,
Lutheran campus centre.
BYM BAM ENSEMBLE
Original music ensemble, Blue Suite
for Patty, tickets $2.50 at door, 9
p.m., graduate centre ballroom.
SATURDAY
CHINESE-CANADIAN
YOUTH WORKSHOP
A   conference  examining  problems
dividing native Canadians and new
Canadians,   10:30   a.m.  to  5  p.m.,
International House.
THUNDERBIRD HOCKEY
Play-by-play from Saskatoon, noon,
CITR radio.
BLACK & LEE
TUX SHOP
NOW AT
1110 Seymour St.
6882481
PHOTOSOC
Accepting   prints  for exhibition,   1
p.m. to 3 p.m., photosoc office.
SUNDAY
THUNDERBIRD HOCKEY
Play-by-play from  Edmonton, 1:30
p.m., CITR radio.
MONDAY
DEAN OF WOMEN
Marion    Gains    speaks    on    world
economic readjustment, noon, SUB
ballroom.
SIMS
Group meditation and
organizational  meeting,  noon,   IRC
G41.
Right on
Campus
Directly Behind Bunk
DE MOLAY CLUB
Important meeting, noon, SUB 213.
KUNG FU
Practice, 4:30 p.m., SUB ballroom.
FEMINIST KARATE
Practice, 6:30 p.m., SUB 200.
PHOTOSOC
Opening night  party,  8 p.m., SUB
art gallery.
TUESDAY
UBC SKI CLUB
General meeting, noon, Angus 104.
MEDIEVAL SOCIETY
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
SIMS
Introductory    lecture,    noon,    Bu.
321.
DECORATE WIT+I PRINTS,
2247514
2154 Western Parkway
(in Village)
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
738-2311
{Opp. Liquor.Storeand Super Valu)
Art Reproductions
.. Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs & Prints
Jokes - Gifts, etc.
'DECORATE WITH POSTERS1
VANCOUVER
INSTITUTE
lectures
DR. DAVID LAIDLER
University of
Western Ontario
INCOMES POL ICY AND
ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR
CANADA
Dr. Laidler, a British-born
economist, is widely known for his
studies of inflation in the British
economy.
SAT., FEB. 21,8:15 P.M.
lectures take pi.ice on
Saturdays at 8:15 pan
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
NEW at
THE DELLY
AND THE PIT
"MEXICANO"
Fresh Top Quality ground
beef cooked with Chile,
Onions, Kidney Beans,
Tomato, Spices in a crusty
basket — topped by a lot
oi delicious Mozzarella
Cheese.
Eat it hot or take it home
to heat in your oven.
.5 oz. of Perfect Food .60c
■ Coupon:      This     coupon!
■ allows you 10c discount |
J on Mexicano at The Delly I
I or The Pit. Valid till end i
Lof_feb. ^ __^|
3truclional resou
admission to the g<
public is free
mmmmm
Wi CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lints, 1 dsy $1.00; additional linos 25c.
Commercial - 3 fines, 1 day $1.80; additional Unas
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35a
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone ami are payable In
advance, Deadline i$ M:3Qa.m„ the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, $. U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B. C
■■■■■"■■■■■■■swe^ee"'""""'""^)**!^^
11 — For Sale — Private
1972 MAZDA in fine shape. Must sell,
can't afford insurance. 45,000 miles.
$1150   o.b.o   736-1998.
'«1 V.W. VAN, $200. FACULTY PARKING STICKER.  734-1980.
15 — Found
A FEB. SI BIRTHDAY belonging to
M. Connolly. Can be claimed any
time after 4 p.m. on Feb. 23 in
the Pit.
CALCULATOR found, Identify to claim.
Dave Jones, Gage Res. E6B6, 228-
0689.
FOUND BEFORE XMAS in Language
Laboratory: One man's Seiko wrist-
watch and one man's Timex wrist-
watch. Contact Mr. Johnson, Bu. 112.
20 — Housing
ROOM & BOARD, Kerrisdale home.
Mature responsible student, male
preferred, references, $150.00. Available   March  1.   Evenings 261-0156.
65 — Scandals
DUE TO MARY CONNOLLY'S birthday
all classes will be cancelled on Feb.
21. Celebrations will take place on
Feb. 23 in the Pit.
SUBFILMSOC has done it again: Truf-
feaut's DAY FOR NIGHT (probably
another sex flick) will be shown
Thur.-Sun. @ 7:00 & Fri.-Sat. @
7:00/9:30 in the SUB Aud. 75c &
AMS card!
70 — Services
EXPERIENCED     MATH     TUTOR     Will
coach 1st year. Calculus, etc. Evenings. Individual instruction on a
one-to-one basis. Phone: 733-3644. 10
a.m. to 3 p.m. dally.
CUSTOM CABINETRY * woodworking.
Renovations, additions, new contraction done anywhere. Guranteed work,
free   estimates.   689-3394.
80 — Tutoring
25 — Instruction
35 - Lost
LOST: LADY'S GOLD WATCH, vicinity
of Buchanan. Sentimental value. Reward. Phone Lana 224-9266.
CAR KEYS, 4 keys and bottle opener,
Mardis Gras Night, SUB. Phone Barry
228-0046.
LOST LAST WEEK: One miniature
electric alarm clock, Nepro on dial,
gift of deceased father to wife, sentimental value. Call Gary Ford 224-
3554, or leave message 228-2797, or
turn in.
40 — Messages
MARY — It's your birthday tomorrow.
DEAR SCARLET SATIN SHEETS and
Rockin Rose: Let's get on to that
main  event  —  Buggy.
50 - Rentals
ATTRACTIVE SEMINAR ROOMS to rent
— blackboards and screens. Free use
of projectors. 228-5021.
ONE HOUSEKEEPING ROOM for rent
female preferred, near Dunbar-UBC
$90.00 month. Phone 228-0624 or 228-
8526.
60 - Rids*
RIDE NEEDED to UBC, Granville and
S.W. Marine. Call Roxana 266-5641
evenings.
BOGGLED   MINDS   &   WISDOM   HEADS:
Call the Tutorial Center, 228-4557
anytime or see Ian at Speak-Easy,
12:30-2:30 p.m. $1 to register (refundable).
85 — Typing
FAST, EFFICIENT TYPING. Essays,
thesis,   manuscripts.   266-5053.
WILL TYPE your term papers, essays,
thesis, etc. Call Mrs. Fryfield 327-
5381.
 /	
EFFICIENT    ELECTRIC    TYPING,    my
home. Essays, thesis, etc. Neat ae>
curate work. Reasonable rates —
263-5317.
90 - Wanted
PIANIST AND GUITARIST to back up
female vocalist, folk-art vein. Phone
228-9557.
99 — Miscellaneous
lr=Jr=lr=ir=Jr=Jr=lr=ir=Jr=iP=Jr=i
USE
UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIED
TO SELL - BUY
INFORM
lr=ir=lr=Jr=ir=Ji=Jr=ir=Jr=Jr=Jr= Friday, February 20,  1976
U   D   T   O 3  C   I
Page 3
UBC red tape strangles c'tee
By SUE VOHANKA
It can take a long time to cut
through the red tape that chokes
UBC — a president's committee on
teaching evaluation that was to
have been set up in early 1975 does
not yet exist.
But Michael Shaw, administration vice-president for
university development, said
Thursday he's working on it.
The committee was proposed in
a senate ad hoc committee report
on teaching evaluation given to
senate in early December, 1974.
After senate approved the
report, then-administration
president Walter Gage wrote to
UBC's deans, asking them each to
nominate one representative from
their faculty to sit on the new
committee, an administration
spokesman said Thursday.
But though names were submitted, the committee was never
formed.
And the president's office apparently forgot all about the
committee until a Ubyssey
reporter tried to find out Feb. 5
who its members were.
Shaw said Thursday the committee was never set up simply
because it was overlooked during
the changeover from Gage to Doug
Kenny as administration president
last summer.
"It (the oversight) wasn't an
intentional thing at all. It's being
attended to," Shaw said.
Shaw said he sent letters
Thursday to the 12 faculty deans
asking them tp confirm their
earlier recommendation of a
representative to sit on the committee.
Shaw said he asked the deans to
reply "as promptly as possible,"
and added the committee members should be known in about two
weeks.
The 1974 senate recommendation
said the committee should serve as
a means of exchanging information about teaching
evaluation procedures in various
faculties and schools.
Another senate recommendation
was that the committee make
available a  series  of  voluntary
short courses which would help
profs improve their teaching skills.
The recommendation said at
least one course, to be taught by a
faculty volunteer approved by the
presidential committee, be
available  each  academic  year,
according to demand by profs.
The courses would offer instruction to profs on topics such as
the use of voice, the use of
technical and visual teaching aids
and help in organization of courses
and materials.
F
• II I
price hikes seen
Residence students will be
paying more next year for the food
they eat, food services director
Robert Bailey said Thursday.
But by just how much, Bailey
wouldn't say.
"I'm not going to  make any
predictions on that right now," he
said.
Bailey also refused to say if food
prices in campus cafeterias will be
raised next year.
But he indicated food price increases and minor service changes
Pool site fence vandalism
adds to building costs
People coming out of the Pit
after closing time have been taking
out their frustrations on the pool
site fence, and it's costing money.
The vandals have added at least
$681 to the cost of the pool since
construction began in November,
the pool planning co-ordinating
committee was told at its Feb. 13
meeting.
Franz Conrads, head of physical
plant's new construction division,
said the contractors, Northern
Construction, and himself had
decided against guard dogs for the
pool because these would cost
more than repairs to the fence.
The committee agreed to pay
Northern Construction $350 for
some of the damages, because it
could not be determined whose
responsibility guarding the fence
is.
The problem arises from people
kicking down the fence surrounding the site of UBC's $4.7 million
(at least) covered pool.
Conrads told the meeting the
university administration is not in
favor of paying part of the cost of
vandalism with Northern Construction (which is paying the
difference between $680 and $350).
for food services outlets are under
discussion by the president's advisory committee for food services, which he chairs.
Bailey blamed the planned food
price increases on rising food
supply and labor costs.
Bailey had the same explanation
last June when food prices were
increased by 30 per cent.
Acting housing director Michael
Davis announced last week next
year's residence rent increases
will likely be more 'than 10.6 per
cent, exceeding the provincial
ceiling on rents.
The new residence food hikes are
being determined by a joint
committee composed of one
student from each campus
residence.
Bailey said the committee has
met only four times in the last two
weeks and a new food price rate
structure will not be determined
for some time.
"Last year it took us 14 meetings
to arrive at a figure. It takes a long
time to gather all the information
and to put everything in perspective," he said.
—doug field photo
A LITTLE OFF THE SIDES, but not too much off the top. After all,
these nice physical plant people only give me a trim once a year and I
might as well get the best job possible, eh? True life drama took place
outside SUB Thursday.
ffardwicft wants more power for ed department
By MARK BUCKSHON
The way new deputy education minister
Walter Hardwick wants to change the
province's education system seems a bit out
of character with his reputation.
Hardwick says many students can't read,
write or do basic arithmetic properly, and
the cause of the problem is partly that
people in Victoria in the past couldn't make
any decisions.
In a recent interview, Hardwick talked of
increasing the decision-making capacity
and power for himself and other
bureaucrats.
It seemed out of character because
Hardwick's reputation has been as an
outspoken politician who was able to get
things done even though he was only one of
10 Vancouver city aldermen.
And his comments came as questions
arose.that some commonly-held impressions of Hardwick may be a bit
mythical. Is Hardwick still the humble —
."""tr
HARDWICK ... politico to bureaucrat
but competent — political servant who puts
the community interest ahead of his own
authority or glory?
"A myth, I don't know," he said. "You
have to know ... all you can say about the
myth of Walter Hardwick is to talk to people
who consistently have worked with me over
a period of time and see if I'm a myth."
Why did Hardwick jump, with little notice,
from his new job as head of UBC's Centre
for Continuing Education to the Victoria
office? What does he really believe the
students' place in the system would be?
And what was Vancouver's once
crusading alderman — who came to
prominence in 1967 when he and a group of
university students packed a meeting to
protest a proposed east side Vancouver
freeway — doing in the government of Pat
McGeer and Bill Bennett?
"Well, that's a nice question," he answered to the last one, "Number one, I have
accepted the position that it is the chief
officer in the public sector rather than in the
private sector, or rather in the political
sector if you like. I had to sit down and think
that through quite a bit because I'm quite
sure a lot of people ask that question.
"I have had a feeling that the whole
management of the educational enterprise
has been drifting for some years . . . and
that many of the things I've seen this
university and the universities council and
other bodies trying to resolve getting
frustrated basically by an inability of people
in Victoria.to make any decisions," he said.
"And so I felt that this (becoming a deputy
minister) would give me an opportunity
basically to go in and get a handle on the
management of the educational enterprise
in the province."
"Well, again I'm just a little confused," a
reporter asked, "about the contradictions
between the apparent reformist, idealistic,
positive friend of the downtrodden image
that you conveyed at least between when
you first became alderman and your joining
with Pat McGeer."
"Youknow, number one, I don't think you
should paint Pat as black as you are,"
Hardwick answered. "I think that would be
one of the comments to make.
"But you know I can see many opportunities to do things in the present
system and I'm going to try to do them."
Was what he was saying different in attitude from his days as the city's most
popular alderman, when he worked openly
to win civic improvements even though he
had little authority over others?
Hardwick was able to convince senior
governments to get False Creek development going even though he had little direct
political control. It is considered to be one of
the most ambitious urban redevelopment
projects in this country.
"I'm now the deputy minister, as the
Sciying goes," he said. "You know this is a
different role for me from the civic role. You
know when I was up front and was expected
to take the leadership role and when I was
the person that was accountable at every
turn.
"In the deputy's role, you know you can
now defer to the minister . . . and I'll be
interested to see how this experience differs
from the previous one. But it is now the"
minister's responsibility. It is my job to
advise the minister, but in the final analysis
the minister can take or reject the advice."
Hardwick's plans would comfort those
who feel there is a need for more order in the
education system, but his ideas of change
become a bit scary when one remembers the
man behind him — Pat McGeer — is not
known for egalitarian attitudes.
Hardwick says he doesn't want to be a
"hierarchical centralist," but "what I would
have to say on the other side of that point is
that I'd expect to monitor performance . . .
in a wide range of things that are done in
schools."
His main concern is with the so-called
literacy crisis, and his "monitoring" would
why is a person who is an urban geographer
who has demonstrated a lot of interest in
educational planning, suddenly showing up
at the city."
"Let's just take the reading bit," he said.
"We find that there are certain places in the
province that there are problems in reading
levels or writing levels or something of that
nature.
"If we commonly know that this is the
case, both at the school district level and the
provincial level and that the province-wide
goal is to give everybody at least minimum
levels of functional literacy (We'll use that
term), then I would hope that the school
district would move and counteract it
without Victoria ever having to say
anything."
Ubyssey: "That seems to be saying if the
school district doesn't counteract it there's a
club in the back."
Hardwick: "Oh, I think that in the final
analysis the province, by the various acts of
the legislature, in the final analysis the last
court is the provincial legislature."
Fortunately, Hardwick doesn't see his
duties as interfering with day-to-day
teaching decisions or curriculum choices. "I
think there's all sorts of interesting and
creative ways in which that material can be
presented in the classroom and the teacher
who is a professional should have a right to
develop and make those kinds of choices."
Hardwick justifies his appointment by
saying he was interested in educational
planning from the late '50s and early '60s,
when he was a junior geography prof at
UBC. Hardwick pointed to the work he did in
reports which led to the establishment of
Simon Fraser University, Capilano College
and Douglas College.
"In a way it (my career) is a weaving
mechanism because I think some people
could well have said in '67 or '68, you know,
why is a person who is an urban geographer
See page 17: HARDWICK Page 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday,  February 20,  1976
Gala editor
election set
To those of you who have been griping about The
Ubyssey this year — pay attention.
You've expressed interest in The Ubyssey's operation
and now we're going to let you in on a little secret.
Every year about this time The Ubyssey staff elects an
editor for the coming publishing year.
This is the first notice calling for applications for the
1976-77 editor of Canada's finest student newspaper on
Point Grey. Bar none.
Any UBC student is entitled to run in the election
although votes may only be cast by the Ubyssey staff. Staff
democracy and all that, you know.
Ubyssey staffers are those people who have shown
dedication to this here rag through hours of thankless labor.
Any question of who is a staffer is resolved by a majority
vote of those who are unquestionably staff members.
Here's the schedule for the gala election campaign.
vNominations will be open for two weeks closing at noon
March 4. To enter the race, outline your qualifications on a
letter of intention and place it on the bulletin board in The
Ubyssey office, SUB 241-k.
On March 4 the staff will hold what is known in
democratic circles as a screening session where the candidates
are grilled about their talents, their politics and their senses
of humor.
Ballotting will begin after the screening session and
continue until Wednesday, March 10 when the returning
officer (this year's editor) will count the ballots.
The grand winner or winners (Ubyssey co-editorships
are possible) will be announced in The Ubyssey Thursday
March 11.
So if you know that inverted pyramid style is not
particular to Egyptian journalism and if you know where the
term "30" came from and if you know how to fix broken
typewriters and if you know what an "em" is then you're
eligible to be editor.
Don't delay. A journalism career awaits you.
VOTE'
l—TVe ue.Hs.sev. —'
Vt'M? 'F"r>lT7DF?/' '
WORLD'S BiGGEST WHOOPEE CUSHION
Letters
Marx and
Jesus
I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the university
community for the warmth and
openness we felt during our lecture
series last week. The thoughtful
and attentive reception at each of
our meetings in the SUB made for
a most enjoyable time of interchange.
Secondly I would like to thank
The Ubyssey for their careful and
accurate coverage of the main
points I was attempting to make in
the lectures. However, there was
one statement which I believe was
based on a serious misunderstanding of what I said, mainly
that I agreed with much of Marxist
doctrine. This was in the context of
an interview in which I was asked
whether a Christian could be a
Marxist.
I said that, in my judgment, if
Marxism is taken as dialectical
materialism (which by its very
definition denies the existence of
God), a Christian could not be a
Marxist. I than went on to point
out, however, that there is one area
in which Christians can appreciate
the Marxist critique of history —
mainly, that instead of history
being the type of sweet
reasonableness that liberal
idealism sometimes assumes,
where if we just have communication everything will work
out all right, Marxism in fact
points to deep conflict in history; to
a colossal clash of egotism between
classes.
The Christian agrees with this
diagnosis of evil and conflict in
history, but we say that the
diagnosis must be much deeper
than that. It is a problem of sin,
deeply rooted in man and resulting
in alienation from God.
The second point I made was that
Marxism may in some senses be
called a Christian heresy. By that I
mean that the view of movement in
history, that history is going
someplace rather than cyclical as
many religions down through the
ages have assumed, is something
which comes directly from the
Bible teaching of the Kingdom of
God.
The Bible teaches that history is
moving someplace. Marxism has
taken this idea of an end to history,
taken out of it the spiritual content
of Christianity, and made it into a
dialectical materialism.
These are the two points at which
I see some relationship between
Marxist doctrine and Christian
doctrine. But I was not approving
of Marxism. Finally, I did agree,
as in the case of China, that
communism there seems to have
dealt with certain social problems
such as crime and corruption, but I
also pointed out that Marxism as it
has been manifested in certain
totalitarian states has been at the
expense of the freedom and even
the life of countless thousands of
people.
These facts are dramatically
testified in the voice raised by
Alexander Solzenitsyn.
I also tried to make clear my
conviction that we need not only a
radical diagnosis of ihe human
situation, but a radical solution to
it. I believe Jesus Christ has-
provided this solution.
In the new birth which is
available through His death and
resurrection, we are welcomed and
grafted into the new community of
the people of God who confess no
human system but God alone as
Lord. That inexorably involves us
as Christians in being a truly
radical counterculture.
Leighton Ford
Dana
In response to pooh pooh and
pooh II. Pooh pooh seems hardly
worth replying to aside from a
THE UBYSSEY
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20,1976
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments,
228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Gary Coull
It was a big day. Dave Wilkinson quivered in his oversize boots as he
consulted Gary "ultra vires" Coull for advice on his upcoming libel suit.
Ralph Maurer, himself only barely out of childhood, sniggered in a corner
with fellow poops Chris Gainor, Bob Rayfield, Doug Rushton, Sue
Vohanka and even Gregg Thompson. But there was no hope for Wilkinson.
Doug Field had the damning photos, as did Bob Tsai. And Anne Wallace,
Ward Webber, Brian Gibbard and Bruce Baugh had seen everything with
their own eyes. Susan Borys, Bob Diotte, Avtar Baines and Eric Ivan Berg
were all ready to be witnesses about the permanent damage done. Chief
gossips Paisley Woodward, Heather Walker, Mark Lepitre and Tom Barnes
were already spreading the horrible words. But the high point of the drama
came when sheriff's officers Trevor Jones, Merrilee Robson, Ian Morton,
Margret George, Jeff Schaire, David Morton, John Ince and Greg Strong
rushed into the newsroom, clamped Wilkinson into 3,492 feet of chain and
57 straightjackets and dragged him away. Oh, how Marcus Gee would have
gloated if he had been there to see it all. The trial will begin.
couple of short quips. I did not
blame all males under 25. I had
hoped that would be understood by
all.
Apparently not.
Nor do males under 25 cause
ALL the accidents. Again, said
without question. It does take a
mental midget to rip a phone off of
a wall.
It does not take a mental giant to
write the letter I did. You've been
watching too many cop shows, but
myself I find castration and
dismemberment rather gross. Just
pay your dues and shut up, because
you (unfortunately) are responsible for all the others in your age
group.
Pooh II. I did not stretch
statistics to be absolute. Nor am I a
sexist, but how often have you seen
a carload of drunken, screaming,
wreckless-driving girls disrupting
your neighborhood peace, hmmm-
m? Now here, Wayne, are your
statistics:
45 per cent of male drivers under
25have points. One in four of these
drivers have 10 or more points.
18 per cent of male drivers over
25 points. 15 per cent of these
drivers have 10 or more points.
11 per cent of female drivers
under 25 have points. (Note, note,
you pooh poohers) Four of these
have 10 or more points.
Six per cent of female drivers
over 25 have points. Four per cent
of these have 10 or more points.
I rest.  Amen.
Dana Vogel
physical plant
Salkeld
In the Feb. 13 issue of The
Ubyssey, there was an article
regarding the evaluation of
teaching by the faculty of science.
The article stated that at the
discretion of the professor, s/he
may elect to give the students a
questionnaire (which evaluates the
^teaching ability, of tbe .professor.)
The article went on to state that
"the teaching evaluation committee is responsible for compiling
the results," which is correct.
However, the statement, "he
(Salkeld) will release any results
he has access to as a committee
member,", needs to be clarified.
At present I do not have access to
any results. True, the committee
compiles the results of questionnaires, but these are the property
of the respective professor.
When it was stated that I would
release "any results," this would
be in reference to a hypothetical
case in which a student might
approach me requesting the
questionnaires. I would then
compile the results.
However, the students might
tend to draw incorrect conclusions
about the professor's teaching
ability from this isolated example.
It is therefore necessary, as it was
stated by senator Ron Walls, that a
uniform procedure be established
for evaluating teaching ability.
These results could then be
published and this would alleviate
the above problem of "isolated
examples."
In the past years, the science
undergraduate society (SUS) has
published the Black and Blue, a
subjective approach to faculty
evaluation. I hope, in the next year,
to implement the distribution and
the compiling of the results of
evaluation surveys, which will be
organized by the SUS.
It should also be noted that
questionnaires are not an absolute
means of evaluation. The new SUS
executive is in the process of
establishing a procedure for
students to present their
grievances.
I hope this has cleared up any
misunderstandings  that  mighty
have resulted' from the Feb.  13
article.
Robert Salkeld
science senator-elect Friday, February 20,  1976
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 5
^iwipppiiifisp
Mania committees*, no results
Inaction hurts CBC women
By ARLENE FRANCIS
On Feb. 4, UBC Reports
published an article titled: Kenny
acts to improve women's lot. The
article described a multifaceted
program launched by the president
of our university to equalize the
status of women in our community.
Several committees would be
struck to examine pension
benefits, graduate student funding,
and non-sexist counselling policies.
These were very constructive
proposals.
However, while student services
may be instructed to implement
non-sexist counselling policies, the
attitudes of various faculties and
undergraduate societies toward
women did not come under
scrutiny.
The same day that these
proposals were headlined in UBC
Reports, the Red Rag published an
article titled: Women win major
concessions from engineering
faculty. The opening line parallels
the reporting of UBC Reports:
"Harvey Humpmore, official
spokesman for the EUS announced
major changes of a wide sweeping
nature with regard to women in
engineering."
The content of the article, as well
as the content of the entire Red
Rag makes one wonder how this
university views change,
especially change in the status of
women. The statements made by
administration president Doug
Kenny are as subject to scrutiny as
the statements made in the Red
Rag.
The problems of women at UBC
have been documented now for
four years. The actions of the
president's office and faculties
such as engineering are more
obvious than statements made in
any media.
Four yea£s ago women from all
levels of university life met as an
action committee to evaluate their
situation at UBC. They found that:
women at the University of British
Columbia are a small proportion of
the faculty, that they are paid less
than men in every academic rank,
that with the same qualifications
as men, women are in inferior
ranks, that the work women staff
members do is paid less than the
work men staff members do, that
women do not occupy supervisory
and administrative positions on the
staff in the same proportion as
men, and that the university
educates fewer women than men,
and educates them less.
They published their statistics in
a report on the status of women at
UBC. These were very carefully
compiled statistics, the women
involved did not want their findings
to be ignored.
However,  for   four   years   the
UBC election malaise cited
statistics have been ignored, and
on Feb. 4, Kenny is quoted as
"asking for a study ... of personnel policies and working conditions for women in non-academic
posts."
This echoes the demands of
AUCE women who were forced to
strike and lose wages last
December so that their unfair job
classification scale of 32 positions
could be simplified into a workable
order of 10. This demand seemed to
be misunderstood by the university
community, since much abuse was
thrown at the striking women, as
documented in the Red Rag's
article titled Engineer behind
AUCE strike, in which engineers
are described throwing cold water
at women picketers as well as
running them down.
Kenny's "far-reaching
initiatives" seem to loftily extend
beyond the realities of most
faculties at UBC. What plan could
the dean of engineering possibly
have to "provide special Help to
(female) undergraduates concerning the possibility of graduate
study (in engineering)" (sic).
His own faculty has an insidious
policy of discouraging women from
even enrolling at an undergraduate
level. This same dean (and others
like him) will then be asked by our
president "for data on the
proportion of women in both
academic and professional employment in the fields studied in
their faculties, and'a statement on
how this is taken into account in the
faculties hiring and admissions
policies."
If such an in-depth statement
were to be required of the dean of
engineering, it may take 10 to 15
years to complete, at which time,
he could hope, the hubbub about
women's rights may have
carefully died.
Inaction, then, is the strongest
form of discrimination against
women on this campus. We have
the statistics, we now need
definitive action. Instead, we are to
patiently sit through more committees and more recommendations.
Kenny is quoted as setting up
committee after committee, but
what deadlines are there? What
goals are there? The UBC Reports
states "the president's office will
analyze all this information and, in
consultation with the deans, do
whatever is necessary to help the
faculties correct any problems
brought to light."
'Whatever is necessary' is
certainly a far-reaching term, but
does it include capital expense?
Does it include a change in
hiring, firing and tenure policies?
Each woman on this campus
should evaluate the situation in her
faculty and present her opinion to
the president on what exactly is
necessary. And a silent faculty will
not mean all is well, but will mean
that very few women are enrolled
in that faculty, and fewer still are
involveUsat an instructural level.
I am not denying that much of
the work done at UBC is brought
about through committee. I have
sat on many presidential, senate
and faculty committees. However,
the only committees that achieve
anything concrete are committees
with budgets and deadlines.
A committee may have the most
far-reaching and idealistic goals, it
may be filled with truth and light,
but without a budget and without a
deadline, it quickly becomes
irrelevant.
Four years ago a report on the
status of women requested of the
former administration a budget to
achieve the same goals Kenny is
verbally supporting now. The
budget was $74,000 for a one-year
period.
The new administration has
invested heavily in vice-presidents
at a salary cost of $54,800 each,
with the additional expense of
supplies and support staff.
Will president Kenny's actions to
"improve women's lot" include an
expenditure of capital equivalent
to the goal in mind$
If so, I'm sure the university
media will not hesitate to inform
us, and we will recognize that our
new administration is sincerely
trying to change the attitudes of
many faculties that still consider
the Red Rag a priceless tradition.
Francis is president of the arts
undergraduate society and active
in women's affairs at UBC.
From page 1
after AMS council decided in late
November to ban the vendors from
inside SUB because they took away
business from the AMS bookstore
and crafts shop, and because they
blocked the main concourse of
SUB, contrary to fire regulations.
Tynan said a petition on the issue
would be almost sure to fail
because "right now the campus is
sick of elections."
Such a referendum requires 15
per cent of the student body to vote
and two-thirds of those votes would
be necessary for approval.
Tynan also said the vendors were
highly disorganized.
"They have no common
spokesman. Putting a petition
together like this is a losing
cause," he said.
SUBFILMSOC is tempted^^
to present J/m
movie for people wno|
love movies.
i
this Thur., Sun. - 7:00
& Fri., Sat. - 7:00/9:30
in the        SUB AUD.;
Bring
AMS Card /SC
& French dictionary
Thanks
for the memories,
For the past two years B.C. motorists have enjoyed the
benefits of a car insurance plan with some of the lowest rates
in Canada. But now a new government is committed to
inflationary and unnecessary ICBC rate increases which are
aimed at destroying Inexpensive publicly-owned insurance.
We say ICBC should roll back the increases to not more
than 20% over the 1975 premiums, and that the remaining
portion of ICBC expenses over premium revenue should be
financed by gasoline or other tax revenues.
Let's tell our mlas,
ICBC should serve the people,
not the private insurance industry
clip and mail to your local MLA
To:   , M.L.A., S
Parliament Buildings, !
Victoria, B.C. !
As a resident of your constituency I protest the excessive and inflationary increases J
in ICBC car insurance premiums. I urge you to insist that these increases be rolled i
back to not more than 20% over last year's rates. |
Name             j%Aa '
Address       M^^^i '
This ad paid for by the B.C. Federation of Labour in the public interest. •-* --*■    A.   ^Mm\ , Page 6
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, February. 20,  1976
AMS sets two referenda
Last meet expensive
CALCULATOR REPAIRS.
FREE ESTIMATES
REASONABLE RATES
4861 KINGSWAY
CAU-Q-TRONICS
434-9322
U.B.C.GATE
BARBERS
Internationally Traine'cT.
Hairstylists m^,m*
Sat.        g<
■ ••
Open Tuas.
9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.
460 S W. 10th AVE.
.228-9345
m-i
The Alma Mater Society used its
last regular council meeting under
its 50-year-old constitution to take
care of a mixed bag of business.
The wording of two fee
referendums and a $4,200 loan to
radio station CITR were the
biggest items on the agenda dealt
with by the sparse gathering of
student representatives.
Council voted eight to four to
accept proposed wording of a
referendum that would ask
students to give $1 per year each to
the B.C. Student Federation and
the National Union of Students.
The referendum will be held
March 15,16 and 17 to ensure that
15 per cent of students — the
quorum needed to make the
referendum valid — vote. The vote
would also need a two-thirds
majority in favor to pass.
The BCSF is a lobbying group
formed to push the demands of the
member B.C. student councils.
Part-time students — those taking
less than nine units of credit per
year — will be asked to contribute
40 cents a year in the same
referendum.
The separate NUS referendum
asks for the sameamountof money
for that organization, which
purports to be a lobbying group for
student councils on the national
level, whereas BCSF operates on a
provincial level. However, in the
past the federal government has
refused to meet with NUS because
NUS does not represent Quebec
students.
Students currently pay 30 cents
per year to NUS. There is currently
no BCSF fee levy, but council voted
last term to grant $2,000 to BCSF
until a referendum could be held.
Council voted to lend $4,200 to
radio station CITR to allow it to set
up a disco. The loan is repayable
over a two-year period by proceeds
from a series of disco dances to be
held in the Pit.
Outgoing AMS vice-president
Dave Van Blarcom also told
council the AMS annual general
meeting has been postponed one
week to March 10.
Van Blarcom said the AMS
executive is considering a number
of methods to lure students out to
the   general   meeting,   including
raffling off a trip for two to London
or Paris, raffling off two kegs of
beer to the undergraduate society
with the most members at the
meeting, and hiring the band Pied
Pumkin to play at the meeting. It
will likely be held in the SUB
conversation pit.
As in most recent AMS council
meetings, most council business
was carried on even though fewer
than Ihe required number of
councillors is present. A quorum of
19 of the 36 councillors must be
present under the current AMS
constitution, but there have rarely
been that many present in recent
weeks.
SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 50
(Queen Charlotte)
Applications are invited from student teachers for
challenging teaching assignments at both elementary and
secondary levels. If you are interested in joining the
competent, dedicated staff presently on the Queen
Charlotte Islands, forward an application immediately
mentioning this-fldvertisement to:
Mr. A. V. MacMillen
District Superintendent of Schools
P.O. Box 69
Queen Charlotte City, B.C.
VOT ISO
Appointments for interviews with the Queen Charlotte
recruiting team should be arranged through the Placement
Off ice on Campus.
«P
Wa    l\m     VSa
Applications are being received for positions on the Student
Administrative Commission (S.A.C). According to the new
A.M.S. Constitution, S.A.C. is a 10 member committee
responsible for administrating the day to day business of the
A.M.S., rather like the current Finance and SUB Management
Committees. In addition to experience in management and
administration, S.A.C. members will receive a $200.00
honorarium, except for the Director of Finance, who receives
a full tuition rebate, subject to By-Law 16. Duties commence
March 15, 1976 and continue until the next S.A.C. is
appointed in March 1977. The Commission meets weekly.
Prospective applicants should be familiar with By-Laws 10 and
11 of the new Constitution before applying.
The following positions may be applied for:
DIRECTOR OF FINANCE
(1 position)
DIRECTOR OF SERVICES
(1 position)
COMMISSIONER
(8 positions)
Applications and further information are available from the
A.M.S. Business Office. Deadline for applications is March 3,
1976,
rvTuk
J^jLmeetin^h^halje^
v CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
AQUATICS SUPERVISOR
The successful applicant shall be directly responsible to
the Director of the Recreation Branch of the Yukon
Territorial Government and shall supervise the programs
and operations of seven portable pools throughout Yukon.
The successful applicant must possess the knowledge of,
and have the ability to function as, a field representative
for the Canadian Red Cross Society and the Royal Life
Saving Society of Canada, as well as have a thorough
understanding of pool operations. This position involves
extensive travel throughout Yukon and demands the
incumbent be able to meet with and work with local
citizen organizations.
Applicants must possess a current Bronze Medallion,
National Lifeguard Award, Instructor Award, Examiner
Qualifications with background in operations and
maintenance of pools. Any experience as a leader in other
recreation areas would be an asset.
Government of Yukon Territory will pay for transportation
costs to and from Vancouver or Edmonton.
Closing Date: February 27,  1976
Salary: $441.27 bi-weekly
Submit detailed resumes to:
GOVERNMENT OF THE YUKON TERRITORY      Personnel Department
RO. Box 2703
Whitehorse.YT.
*******
vaa^&ata&aaat Page Friday
Isrwi
- ;,,'::•.!&
;•«>;»
1«^
•--frr^^ir^.^
^\V,^5K^-^«^
This gala theme issue of Page Friday is
the first of a two-part investigative series
examining the performance of the local
media, both electronic and print.
This issue examines the performance of
the local radio, television and cablevision
companies in light of the CRTC jurisdiction.
Inside Bruce Baugh interviews 'LG-FM
program director Bob Morris. Eric Ivan
Berg writes a critique on the Broadcasting
Act, the CRTC and Co-op Radio. Margrett
George examines the controversial CBC
French language TV proposal. Dave
Morton does a biopsy of the local
cablevision situation.
The CBC locally is the subject of Susan
Borys' investigation while Bob Rayfield
technically cuts into the mystery of
cablevision. Next week PF's Part II of the
series puts the screws to local newspapers
and magazines. mediamediamediamediamediamediamediamediamed
CRTC encourages artificial heros
By ERIC IVAN BERG
News of the recent discom-.
bobulation of the Canadian Radio
and Television Commission
(CRTC) licensing hearings held
here in Vancity has caused unprecedented controversy by .
bringing into the judicial question
mark the legal sweep of the
Commission's powers.
The broadcasting watchdog that
is the CRTC (and its previously
omnipotent Executive Committee)
is vicariously known as "Big
Brother" to the mandarins of the
industry over which it is the sole
Parliamentary appointed guardian
of the public air waves of Canada.
As this PF issue is dedicated to
assessing the performance of the
local electronic media, a
knowledge of the all-important
CRTC's authority, as ensconsed in
the broadsword rules and regs of
the Broadcasting Act, will be
needed. The Broadcasting Act
which was passed into law by
Parliament in 1968 established the
CRTC and gave the Commission
this broadcasting mandate; (Part
II, Sec. 15 — Part I, Sec. 3):
". . .the Commission [CRTC]
shall regulate and supervise all
aspects of the Canadian Broadcasting system with a view to
implementing the Broadcasting
policy enunciated in Section 3 of
this Act. . . . [which is] [b] the
Canadianrbroadcasting system
should be effectively owned and
controlled by Canadians so as to .
safeguard, enrich and strengthen
the cultural, political, social and
economic fabric of Canada;"
This is only the broader objective
of this tripartie bill which acts as
both holy book and Magna Carta to
the entire Canadian broadcasting
system, public and private
elements inclusive. The act
establishes three areas of law.
First, it sets out in much more
detail the aforementioned General
Broadcasting Policy for Canada.
This policy could aptly be
summed up as "Canadians first"
in recognition of the massive
media cultural bombardment from
south of the border.
Secondly, the omnibus Broadcasting Act establishes the CRTC
with its formidable licensing
powers. A licence to broadcast is
the essential element in every
broadcasting enterprise. For what
use is 14 million dollars worth of
capital invested in the average TV
station when the owners have no
licence to legally cut loose with
commercials?
The third part of this huge
Broadcasting Act effectively
establishes the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) as a
public entity and lays down its
objectives, powers and its touchy
legal relationship with the CRTC.
The CRTC's powers-that-be over
the CBC are (Part II, Sec. 17):
". . .[d] subject to this part, to
CHAPTER B-ll
An Act to implement a broadcasting policy
for Canada
CHAPITREB-11
Loi ayant pour objet de mett re en ceuvre,
pour te Canada, une politique de la
radtodiffusioa
SHORT TITLE ^N. TTTRE ABREGE
1. This Act may be cited as tht Broadcasting j      1. La presente loi peut etre citee sous le TlU
„ j  t-tre, ^ ^_ ja radiodiffusion. 1967-68, c. 25,
art. 1.
PARTIE I
DISPOSITIONS CENTRALES
IrUerpritation
2. Dans la presente loi
<Conaeil» deugne le Cornell de la Radio-
Television canadienne ttabli par la Partie
II;
•entreprise de radiod If fusion, comprend une
entreprise d'emission de radiodif fusion, une
entrepriae de reception de radiodiffusion et
['exploitation d'un rjseau situe" en tout ou
en partie au Canada ou sur un navire ou
un aeronef iram&tricule* au Canada;
■exploitation temporaire d'un reseau* designe
Sexploitation d'un reseau en ce qui concerns \
une certaine emission ou une'aerie demissions s'etendant sur une periode d'&u plus
un mots;
■licence de radiodiffusion*, ou, aux Parties
II et III, -licence*, designe une licence
d'exploitation d'une entreprise de radiodiffusion, attribue* en vertu de la presente
lo.,
«Ministre- designe, dans les Parties II et III,
le secretaire d'Etat du Canada;
■radiocommunication* designe toute transmission, emission ou reception de signes.
Interpretation
2. In this Act
'broadcaster" means a person licensed by the
™"* Commission to carry on a broadcasting
transmitting undertaking;
»*"   "broadcasting" means any radiocommunica-
"*** tion in which the transmissions are intended
for direct reception by the general public;
"•« "broadcasting licence" or, in Parts II and III,
"licence" means a licence to carry on a
broadcasting undertaking issued under this
Act;
w*     "broadcasting undertaking" includes^ brpad-
'' . easting transmitting undertaking, a broadcasting receiving undertaking and a network
operation, located in whole or in part within
Canada or on a ship or aircraft registered'
in Canada;
"°a "Commission" means the Canadian Radio-
Television Commission established by Part
II;
'"5^   'Corporation" means the Canadian Broaden-  easting Corporation  established  by   Part
"licence" means a person licensed by the
Mfiniiuni
ndiodilfuwen*
"km4ea*>*t
wWfrtaJwv'
BROADCASTING ACT ... legal sweep
suspend any broadcasting licence
other than a broadcasting licence
issued to the Corporation [CBC]
. . . [however] the Executive
Committee [of the CRTC] and the
Corporation shall, at the request of
the Corporation, consult with
regard to any conditions that the
Executive Committee proposes to
attach to any broadcasting licence
issues or to be issued to the Corporation."
This power enabled the CRTC,
after the outstanding interventions
of several citizens' groups, to order
the CBC to drop all commercials on
its entire Radio Network (French
and English, AM and FM) at the
last CBC licensing hearing. After
cleaning up on CBC Radio the
CRTC granted CBC Television its
new licence, but with the rider and
proviso being that they reduce by
half the commercial air time
broadcast by the time their new-
licence expires in 1978.
Categorically established by
law, the CRTC is composed of five
full-time members appointed
"during good behavior" for no
more than seven years in office.
There are 10 part-time regional
members appointed for not more
than five years in office. Reappointment for one more term is
possible but all geriatric Commissionaires are terminated
automatically at the age of 70.
A further biopsy upon the second
(CRTC) part of the act reveals that
all CRTC Commissionaires are to
take an oath of office and must
divest themselves of any pecuniary
outside or private financial  in
terests in any broadcasting enterprise within three months of
becoming a CRTC heavy.
Then, Simon-pure ' and incorruptible, they become Civil
Servants in the service of Her
Majesty charged with cleaning up
our air waves and defending our
last cultural bastions like Hockey
Night In Canada. "The Governor in
Council" being the Governor-
General, on orders from the
cabinet, then appoints a CRTC
chairman and vice-chairman from
among the warm full-time bodies
orl the Commission. Pierre Juneau,
friend of Trudeau's and ex-NFBer,
was the Commission's first
chairman. After he quit the CRTC
(only to lose his election as MP
from Hochelaga) the vice-
chairman, Harry Boyle, (a fine
magazine writer and editor)
stepped in to become the current
CRTC chairman.
The CRTC's head office is Ottawa and the Commission must
meet at least six times a year all
across the country (the recent
fiasco of the aborted Vancouver
hearings was the latest; the Victoria hearing being cancelled). The
CRTC is given the right to make
by-laws as broadcasting conditions
and technical achievements make
such control matters mandatory.
The CRTC Executive Council,
consisting of chairman, vice-
chairman and the three other full-
time members, are the actual
powerbroking body of the Commission. They issue and amend all
broadcasting licences as well as
revoking licences of stations (or
whole networks!) that fail to fulfill
their obligations.
The powers invested in the CRTC
Executive Committee are
awesome enough in that they
govern every conceivable aspect of
Canadian broadcasting. From the
classification of licences, to the
quality of programming, type of
programming, amount of foreign
programming aired right down to
the famous "Canadian Content"
by-law relating to the percentage
of "Canadian" music (30%) that
must be played on all our radio
stations — all this and more is their
electronic jurisdiction. The
Canadian content ruling is now
euphemistically scorned as "the
Lightfoot Rule" in the industry, in
deference to one of Canada's few
previously-established recording
stars, Gordon Lightfoot.
The Commission can grant
"good guy" stations a new licence
for only five years maximum and
then the licence must be reviewed
at a well publicized public hearing.
Stations falling into the Commission's bad books usually get
told to "clean up their act pronto"
and these may receive renewals
for far less than five years.
Probationary renewals are
granted in extreme cases as only a
time-buying warning to delinquent
stations.
The Commission also undertakes
research "relating to any aspect of
broadcasting" including accepting
statistical, technical and financial
advice from the government and
the CBC. The CRTC comes down
SATURDAY NIGHT REALLY LIVE!
******
A Special Midnight Show
GEORGE
CARLIN
QUEEN ELIZABETH THEATRE
Saturday, March 13, at MIDNIGHT
Tickets:   $5.00,   $6.00,   $7.00
Available      WOODWARD'S
CONCERT BOX OFFICES. For
information call: 687-2801
-*,
' 'Seven words you can't say on
television"
BROUGHT TO YOU BY
THRIFTT'S
more than just pants
5 stores to serve you
very scrupulously upon anything to
do with political advertising and
election campaign air time for all
political parties.
By law, the public licensing and
renewal of licensing hearings must
be well publicized in advance in
local newspapers. All stations or
angry citizens' co-operatives
wanting their own licensed stations
must make several copies of their
application briefs available to
everyone who expresses an interest in their broadcasting
proposal.
Interventions for and against the
various applications are allowed 10
minutes each at these sometimes
rowdy public hearings. All final
decisions of the CRTC are made
post-hoc and must be promptly
published in local papers for all
interested public elements to read.
Reports of alleged CBC violations
and an annual Report to
Parliament must be made
available to both the Minister of
Communications and the Queen's
Printer.
All licensees who violate any of
the political, programming, or
implied moral "taboos" of the
CRTC are liable; "on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding
$25,000 for the first offence and not
exceeding $50,000 for each subsequent offence."
Henceforth, neither small
potatoes or mere knuckle rapping
is what hits you if your station pulls
a boo-boo!
See PF8: CRTC
jf""    „ V   ^FROM  THE   WORIDS  OLDEST  DISTILLEBVyy   / >  V. ,.';-,.
Add a taste of Irish laughter
to your coffee.
Old Bushmills rich, original, emphatic taste
adds gusto to piping hot coffee. Sipping it through
cream makes it delightful.
Moisten rim of 8 oz. stemmed glass with
Old Bushmills Irish Whiskey. Dip glass into sugar.
Pour V/i oz. of Old Bushmills Irish Whiskey. Add 1 tsp.
brown sugar, strong black coffee and top with spoonful
of whipped cream. Serve and watch the smiles.
Pqaer£^idorj^2
.   THE,    U B.Y.SS E Y
j. <F<Fidayt' February, 2,0, J976 mediamediamediamediamediqmediamediamediamed
CKLG-FM pollutes air
By BRUCE BAUGH
Where is CKLG-FM going? Last week its
three remaining progressive disc-jockeys,
J. B. Shane, John Tanner and Bob Ness,
were fired. This firing marked the end of an
era in Vancouver radio, although there had
been signs of the changing attitudes at FM
over the past two years. In fact, as early as
1970 Brian McCloud, rock critic at the time
for the Vancouver Province, had expressed
dismay over the lack of imagination in the
programming at 'LG-FM, noting that a
standard group of FM oriented artists were
constantly being played while other equally
good artists were being ignored.
Things have gotten worse. Now one hears
"FM hits" on LG-FM of the same calibre
and commercial value as many of the AM
hits of ten years ago. (Is "Miracles" any
more progressive for its time than "White
Rabbit" was for 1967?) The only discjockeys that attempted to sample cuts off hit
albums and progressive and jazz records
that were not on the list and progressive and
jazz records that were not on the list of FM-
hits are gone.
To an extent, the change is a reflection of
the times. But it is more than that. 'LG-FM,
which had at one time been supported by its
AM counterpart, abandoned free-form radio
in an effort to capture the album oriented
rock audience of eighteen to thirty-five year
olds that had grown in the wake of Sgt.
Pepper's and acid rock, to the extent that by
1970 this new wave of rock listeners formed
a real commercial alternative for
programmers. The pop revolution of the
sixties had quietly died, and so programmers interested in making a few bucks,
oriented their programming to the hip and
pseudo-hip listener by seeming to be "laid-
back" and non-commercial while really
being quite commercial.
The result was that the FM audience
grew. It also grew younger, with the effect
that more program changes were made.
Announcers were still laid back, but most of
the music was highly commercial and
competitive, the difference between it and
AM rock being that it aimed for a different
audience.
During the summer of 1973, disgruntled
listeners of what had been one of the most
revolutionary radio stations in the country
started pasting up posters saying "LG-FM
is Dead". As the after-effects of the hippie
movement dwindled away, it became less
fashionable to do unpredictable and weird
things on the air, like reading Edgar Allan
Poe or doing extended surrealistic comic
raps. Listeners expected polish. Being laid-
back was no virtue in 1975. So 'LG-FM
looked for a new program director who
could make the station more commercially
viable. They found one in the person of Bob
Morris, a former news announcer.
There are more changes to come at 'LG-
FM, due to the new CRTC regulations
governing FM radio. In an interview that
took place just one week before the firing of
Shane, Ness and Tanner, Bob Morris ex
plained how the new regulations will affect
'LG-FM. Morris also took some time to
explain the rationale for his programming
policies, and where he thinks FM radio
should be going.
Under the new FM regulations, every
minute of air time must be accounted for by
the part of the application for a license
known as the Promise of Performance.
Everything is categorized, right down to the
amount of time a d.j. spends rapping (as
opposed to mentioning who the artist was,
giving the time or weather, or news of upcoming events — all of which fall under
separate categories), which Morris has
predicted will be two hours and forty
minutes per week. The percentage of each
programming category and the hours and
minutes that are spent on that category
Forty-five per cent of 'LG-FM's
programming will be what is known as a
Mosaic Format. The mosaic format includes what is called "enrichment
material", which is composed of information the audience learns from, such as
news about upcoming events or information
about an artist. This enrichment material is
over and above the surveillance material
the d.j. must also do during his rap, which
gives information about the time, weather,
road conditions and other basic items of
pragmatic interest to the public. The rest of
the programming in the mosaic format is
made up of music.
The mosaic format gives Morris quite a
bit of freedom. All the disc-jockey shows will
be on the mosaic format, and as Morris says
it will be "the kind of thing you're hearing
must be accounted for in the license application.
The idea, as far as I can tell, is to make
broadcasters more responsible to the
listening public, firstly by informing them
what kind of program they can expect at
what time and secondly by providing more
coherent programs rather than just a steady
stream of music. It is a program that could
prove beneficial to FM radio in Canada, but
at the same time it could be interpreted in a
manner that will further restrict freedom in
FM broadcasting. Morris claims that
"CKLG-FM is going to sound considerably
different when the CRTC regulations go into
effect." The question remains as to how
many of those changes will be due to the
regulations and how many will be due to
Morris himself.
Ethnics dispute air
By GREGG THOMPSON
As owner-manager Jan van Bruchen puts
it, ethnic radio station CJVB exists "to help
people come to a better understanding of the
many different ethnic groups in this
country."
Paradoxically, a private citizens' group in
Vancouver, the Southern Africa Action
Coalition, has alleged that the station's
editorials have contained "pro-apartheid
propaganda and at times blatant racism."
For that reason and because CJVB did not
provide them with equal air-time for the
presentation of opposing editorial views, as
is required by law, SAAC plans to ask the
Canadian Radio and Television Commission
(CRTC) to deny the station's request for a
renewed broadcasting license.
Every radio and television outlet in
Canada is subject to a CRTC regulation
which reads: " . . . Programming provided
by the Canadian broadcasting system
should be varied and comprehensive and
should provide a reasonably balanced opportunity for the expression of differing
views on matters of public concern . . ."
It all began last November when, after
returning from a trip to South Africa (expenses paid by S.A. government) van
Bruchen broadcast a series of 20 editorials
detailing his impressions of the country.
While the general tone of the editorials
expressed sympathy with the South African
regime, there were some sections which
particularly enraged SAAC and forced them
into action. What follows are excerpts from
broadcast transcripts provided by SAAC.
"Editorial by J. van Bruchen, director of
ethnic radio station CJVB, Vancouver, in a
series "As I See It": November 20, 1975
". . . and each race with it's own level of
intellect, of which the whites were the
smartest, the browns with a higher degree
of intelligence than the blacks, who
belonged to the slower learners ..."
"November 25,1975 ... the white people
of South Africa treat their blacks ... as
children. And so they should ..."
See PF 5 - CJVB
now". In other words, the music and the
style of FM will not really change. From 6 to
8 in the morning, 8:15 a.m. to 10 a.m., 11
until noon, 12:15 to 3, 4 to 5:45 and from 7 in
the evening until 6 in the morning the same
old FM hits will be played the same old way,
and probably with the same old commercials. The one music show that will
probably not be continued is, surprisingly
enough, Disco-76.
PF: Are you still going to be running
Disco-76 at night?
M: Under this set of circumstances, all I
can say about that is I doubt it. I can't let
cats of of the bag, but we are happy with
what Disco-76 has done for our ratings. I
know that a lot of people don't like it, and
justifiably so, but I think we're just in doing
it because I firmly believe that we have to be
representative of the people in the city, and
because a large group of people doesn't like
it, doesn't mean that we shouldn't play it.
If you really look at disco music — as
pathetic as it may be, I'm not condoning it
and I'm certainly not criticizing it — as a
music form it's the only really new thing
we've got in 1976. It shows you how pathetic
the music scene really is. But if you think
about it, it's the contemporary music scene
now. You can't account for people's tastes,
but there it is. My argument, and my
defence for our disco program, is that I
believe that it's a true reflection of the
things that are going on in some parts of the
city. *    *    *
An interesting defence at first glance. But
there are a few things to consider here. The
first is that despite the number of discos that
have cropped up in Vancouver during the
past year, the discos have yet to
significantly affect record sales. That does
not mean that disco records are not selling,
but it does point out that discos are really a
social phenomenon! that have only a
marginal influence on today's music scene.
The real influence of public taste is still
radio.
As to the comment about how "pathetic"
today's music scene is, one can only wonder
if Morris ever listened to his  own  d.j.
programs. J. B. Shane was continuously
offering new music, progressive rock, R&B,
and even heavy metal, not to mention folk,
that was both new and of excellent quality.
In fact, it is arguable that rock in 1976 is
experiencing a renaissance the likes it has
not seen since the mid-sixties, with a host of
new groups and some great come-backs by
older artists (such as Dylan, Clapton, the
Jefferson Starship and Neil Young).
England and continental Europe espcially
seem to produce more and better groups
every year — Roxy Music and Focus being
the two most prominent Yet Morris has
ignored many of these artists in his
programming.
Then there is the jazz scene, which is
gaining a wider audience now than it has
had in twenty years, thanks to the new wave
of electrically oriented jazz musicians
(Hancock, Corea et al). Bob Ness kept
audiences tuned in to what was new in jazz,
and a cursory listening to his program
would reveal that there is a lot that's new
and good. So there must be other reasons for
playing disco music than the state of the
current music scene. Morris makes the
claim that disco reflects the tastes of the
people of Vancouver in the eighteen to
thirty-five age group (the group which 'LG-
FM aims at, although there are listeners
who fall outsideeither side of that span).
PF: How do you determine the music
tastes of Vancouver?
M: First of all by keeping our eyes open.
We have to look at what's going on around
us. As a basis, walking around and seeing
where people are at. Going to concerts.
Spending some time at both universities.
Just wandering around and seeing where
people are, how they react to various performers. Going to nightclubs, which is in
most cases a considerably different group of
people than go to the colleges and the
universities.
So you go to the colleges and the universities and you see people getting off on a lot
of folk stuff, not much heavy metal
anymore, but acoustic stuff, a lot of new
materiaK!), some electronic stuff.
You go down to discos and people are
bumping and grinding to disco music.
So you sit back as programmer of a
station that's supposed to be hopefully
representative of the people of the city and
you say, "Alright, we've got to do something
for those people, and we've got to do
something for these people". What happens
is that you don't end up with a consistent
radio station. But I don't think that's what
we're trying to do.
*    *    *
Here we have Bob Morris, the very same
chap whose paragraphs earlier indicated
that today's music scene is moribund, admitting that at the colleges people are
listening to a lot of new music. As for the
comment that there isn't much heavy metal
on campus, the Frank Zappa concert last
fall and any of the residence parties on a
Friday or Saturday night should be enough
to refute that opinion. But wait — there's
more.
PF: What are you trying to do? Because
you can't serve everybody.
M: Youcan't please everybody. There are
two ways of looking at that. And I think
that's the difference between an AM approach and an FM approach. AM takes a
specific audience and looks at it and says,
"We're going to ram this down your throat
and you're gonna like it", and they like it.
Because the two AM rock stations have
ratings that make ours look terrible. What
we say is, "All right, we have to pay the
bills" and yet I do think we have a
responsibility toward our audience.
So we're going to try to accomplish both
things at once, and believe me, that is not an
easy thing to do. You try and play a
variationof music, but as soon as you play a
variation of music you're going to alienate
people. You play the stuff for other types of
people who like other types of music, and
you alienate the people who like disco.
That's a fact of life. We feel that we should
offer a broad spectrum of the music scene.
We feel that's our responsibility and that's
the committment we've made to the
Canadian Radio and Television  Com
mission.
See PF4: CKLG
*"ftMd<fr temiSry' 2»:j!jr9>6
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CKLG
From PF3
* *     *
There is an obvious point to be
made here. If FM is playing
commercial material, then the
only difference between it and AM
is that there is less repetition and
far less music designed to appeal
to the teen and pre-teen market.
But it's still a limited range of
music: the songs are standard and
so are the artists. So FM does
shove music down the throat of its
audience, only it does it with more
subtlety and style than AM. The
hype is still there. You'll also note
that Morris, while admitting you
can't please evftsybody, doesn't
indicate where the line should be
drawn — in other words, how large
a spectrum should be covered by a
single station. Should 'LG-FM play
ethnic music? There's enough of an
audience for it in Vancouver. If
not, why not? And if 'LG-FM is
attempting to serve a large cross-
section of the 18-35 age group as it
can, what about the people who
used to listen to free-form radio?
There certainly isn't anything free-
form or imaginative about 'LG-FM
right now.
Morris says that as a
programmer he knows that "as a
mass medium it's (the CRTC
regulations) going to destroy us.
Not destroy, butl think it's going to
be tougher to get a lot of people
listening to the station."
PF: Why do you feel that?
M: Because block programming
never works on a mass scale. What
we're doing now is block
programming, and everybody
knows we're on a format from six
o'clock in the morning until six
o'clock at night. J. B. Shane I
consider a block program. He's
freeform radio. I consider disco a
block program. You block the time
for a special entity. I consider
some of the things we're doing on
the weekend — The Dr. Feelgood
Concert Hour is block programming. Soundstage 76 and so's Dr.
Demento — they're all block
programming. Bob Ness's jazz
show is block programming. In
order to offer people what they
want to hear, that what you do.
* *     *
Another curious quote. The new
FM regulations will dmiinish the
FM audience because block
programming never works on a
mass scale, but it turns out that
'LG-FM has been doing block
programming for at least the year
that Morris has been program
director. So that can't be the
reason the new regulations will
adversely affect FM. But let's look
at just what new programs 'LG-
Fm will be bringing in to meet the
new regulations.
Twenty per cent of CKLG-FM's
programming under the new
regulations must be "foreground
programming." A foreground
format is a program of at least 15
minutes duration with one specific
theme or topic. The program can
be on any theme whatsoever:
music, news, etc.
On weekdays at 10 o'clock in the
morning there will be a program of
what Morris refers to as "human
interest" for an hour. The show
will have a host, just who is as yet
undecided, but Morris indicated
that it will probably be somebody
who is now on staff at 'LG-FM. The
show will deal with what Morris
calls "people and people things,"
such as artist interviews and
critiques of plays.
PF: Almost a radio magazine
format?
M.: Basically something like
that. It's almost a radio variety
show of, by necessity, segments of
15  minutes   on   a   single   topic.
Because otherwise it wouldn't be
considered foreground, because
foreground has to go at least 15
minutes. We could do a single topic
for a whole hour if we want. It has
to be at least 15 minutes.
*    *    *
From three until four in the
afternoon there will be a music
special, as yet untitled, which will
take a type of music or an artist or
any one topic dealing with music
and do an hour program on the
selected topic for the day. This is
also foreground programming.
Then from six until seven in the
evening there will be a "news-
oriented talk show." Morris
described it as a local small scale
version of the CBC show, As It
Happens. The station will phone
people connected with news stories
and ask them questions. If a guest
is in the studio speaking on a
specific topic, then the lines at the
station will be opened so people can
phone in to talk to the gest,
providing that what they have to
say is on the topic. As a foreground
program it must stick to a single
topic for at least 15 minutes.
On Saturday there will  be a
foreground jazz show with music
and  artist  interviews  from   two
until four in the afternoon. The host
of the program would probably
have been Bob Ness, or so Morris
thought before Ness was  fired.
Hopefully the show will go ahead
anyway.
*    *    *
PF: Do you think that the new
CRTC regulations will harm or
help FM in Canada?
M.: I think it's going to harm it.
FM is a better medium for
carrying music, so the natural
progression of FM is to play music.
What's happening in the States,
where radio isn't controlled to the
extent it is in Canada, is that FM
radio stations are starting to play
predominantly music while AM
stations are leaning toward
predominantly talk. The CRTC
wants FM to have more talk. I
think it's silly. If the medium is the
message, then we're carrying the
wrong message.
I'm not saying I don't like the
new regulations. I think we should
be doing a lot of these things. I
believe we should be doing a talk
show. I believe we should be doing
a jazz special, a music special,
because    it   will    benefit    the
audience. I don't think someone
should be telling us to do it.
*    *     *
There you have it. Despite
moanings about the medium being
wrong for the message, Morris
says that he would have liked to see
the new programs being brought in
to meet the regulations anyway.
Besides, the CRTC calls for more
foreground programming, and that
doesn't have to mean talk. And
there will be anecdotal newscasts
at other times during the day than
the times for the three hard
newscasts. And the music will
remain the same.
So the man who is responsible for
how 'LG-FM sounds and how it will
sound is Bob Morris. Perhaps the
CRTC should be crapped on for
demanding hard newscasts (a
bullshit concept, as all news is
inevitably biased if only for the
items selected), but most of the
foreground programs 'LG-FM will
bring in look good. Bob Morris,
who has always had a great news
sense (his anecdotal newscasts of a
while back were a gas) should be
commended for the public affairs
and public interest shows he has
proposed.
But 'LG-FM will still be
predominantly a music station. As
a music station now, it is conservative, tasteless and dull. When
it once was innovative,
revolutionary and exciting. Morris
thinks fans of free radio are a vocal
fringe. If you would like to see and
hear some changes in FM rock
radio in Vancouver, write Bob
Morris. He reads letters that offer
intelligent comment and criticism.
If enough "fringe" people write,
then perhaps we may yet see 'LG-
FM as a trend-setting radio
station, instead of a trend following
one.
In a recent interview in Rolling
Stone, former San Francisco FM
disc jockey Larry Miller said,
"there's too much FM rock, too
much competition, too much bad
music. We've turned into what we
wanted to be an alternative to."
Maybe it's not too late to change
that.
Write: Bob Morris,
Program Director, CKLG-FM,
1006 Richards St., Vancouver, B.C.
You want to change
the system.
But you don't think you
have the bucks.
The system in question is
your present stereo.
What's happened is that
you've developed a more discriminating ear.
What once sounded terrific suddenly doesn't sound
so hot.
And what never sounded
—like the sibilance way behind
the rhythm guitar—is now a
veritable pain in the cochlea.
You're ready to upgrade.
But your worry is that moving
from stereo to true high fidelity
is awfully expensive.
Well, it can be. But it
doesn't have to be.
Hitachi has just brought a
new line of equipment into
Canada.
Good-looking, contemporary, high quality, high
fidelity.
With specs you'd expect to
find at a much higher price.
The name of this new line
is Lo-D, the result of over
three years research that speci
fically focused on the listener
and his needs. (What is the
range of his hearing? Is he
capable of catching the lowest
and highest notes? Or is he
limited to the middle range?)
Hitachi scientists measured these individual listening
reactions by testing over 5000
people in Hitachi's sound labs.
Then, the results were mathematically tabulated and converted into a unique Sound
Design chart.
Called ESP for its investigation of Emotion, Sensation
and Physical Characteristics,
the Hitachi hi-fi report was the
genesis of Lo-D.
When you hear its brilliant
sound, and look at its brilliant
price, you'll discover Lo-D is
quite an achievement.
The kind of achievement
that suddenly makes it easier
for you to improve the system
you're living with now.
The kind of achievement
that has made Hitachi a world
leader in electronics.
SR-802 AM/FM Stereo Receiver w'OCL
Circuitry 50 Wx2 (a  8 ohms
(20-20,000 Hz, 0.5% THD
HITACHI
DOLBY is a trade mark of Dolby Laboratories.
Page Friday, 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, February 20,  1976 mediamediamediamediamediamediamediamediamed
Co-op solicits wacky fun
By ERIC IVAN BERG
Urban guerrilla radio is alive and
broadcasting here in Vancity and subverting several thousand new FM listeners
every week with its west coast sound. This
shady clandestine radio actually has the
outrageous audacity to brag about being
non-commercial (heresy!), semi-
professional, anti-bureaucratic, community-oriented co-operative, dedicated to
minority media access and most definitely
not in the DJ business! For this incredible
- bandit broadcasting outfit is the fully
licensed CFRO-FM — the city's now famous
Co-op Radio — an absolute earful of freewheeling, non-commercial listening enjoyment beaming at 102.7 mHz on your FM
dial.
Undoubtedly the best local radio
programming available in this city (aside
' from the inimitable Jack Webster flapping
at full brogue blast!) is the CBC's expensive
English affiliate CBU-Vancouver (at 105.7
Fm and 690 AM). Yet the CBC's fine noncommercial fair is tapped from the taxpayers'" pockets, augmented with huge
staffs and with all the  resources  of a
, massive national network behind it.
While Co-op Radio's own non-commercial
courage and volunteer work have had to
scrape up more than 100,000 public and
private dollars by soliciting private donors
for pledges, contributions, honorariums and
such. Co-op Radio, with minescule amounts
of money but maximum people input
energies has succeeded in acquiring new
and used broadcasting equipment, construction studios, leasing and renovating
building space.
No other local broadcasting licencee,
cable, radio or TV, has had the enterprise
and energy to dare the non-commercial
format on an almost suicidally shoestring
CO-OP RADIO . . . urban guerrillas
budget. The station's history gives ample
testimony to the foresight and ingenuity of
these young men and women who have
united in a common community-oriented
struggle to survive and fulfill their CRTC-
ordained mandate.
That mandate is best summed up and
encapsulated in the Co-op's original licence
application to the CRTC in the early spring
of 1974. The Vancouver Co-operative Radio
Society then proposed a station:
"todevelop and encourage the education
of individuals and organizations in the
use of information and communications
media ... to educate individuals and
organizations in the community in the
CJVB in hearings
From PF 3
"... The whites are the people who run
the household here — and they run it well.
And the black and colored people haven't
the mental capacity to do it . . ."
"November 21, 1975 . . '. fighting is
between blacks and blacks or between the
blacks and the colored people . . . but not
between whites and other races ..."
Van Bruchen says he visited South Africa
and produced the series of editorials on the
country because he didn't know anything
about South Africa other than what he had
read in history books.
"I didn't know anything about South
Africa, other than that there is separatism,
there is apartheid, there are injustices. But I
wanted to find out just how serious is this
matter? Just how bad is it?"
Van Bruchen readily admits that there
are many flaws in South African society and
adds that he is doubtful whether the system
of apartheid in that country will ever work.
He claims that changes are taking place in
South Africa, that non-whites are improving
their position and that he talked with many
blacks and "coloreds" in minor power
positions who were content with South
African development and progress.
"But you must remember, he says, that
the editorials contained only my personal,
objective impressions.
"The title of the editorial program is of
course, 'The Way I See It', and that is the
way I saw it."
SAAC member Karen Lai says that SAAC
approached van Bruchen asking for equal
air time to present their views on South
Africa, but that van Bruchen's response was
unacceptable.
"We asked him for equal air-time and he
said he would give us two four-minute
editorials three times a day. He also insisted
that he have the right to listen to the tapes
and edit them before they went on the air.
"We wrote back saying we could not
accept that, that we wanted 20, four-minute
editorials the same as he had had. He said
opposing views on South Africa had already
been covered and that what we had to say
could be done in four minutes."
This response forced SAAC to take their
case to higher levels and they immediately
set about soliciting community support for
their cause.
The B.C. Human Right's Commission
"found the editorials distinctly racial in
tone."
The B.C. Peace Council: ". . . we believe
that a person who pleads the cause of the
racist government in South Africa should be
removed from his position as president and
general manager of an ethnic radio station
whose many listeners would be deeply offended ..."
The United Church of Canada: ". . .such
misstatements constitute an indirect but
gross and serious defamation of character
against every Canadian whose skin is not
white ..."
SAAC then approached the CRTC with
their complaint. The CRTC acted on the
matter and directed CJVB and van Bruchen
to forward the tapes and transcripts of the.
editorials to Ottawa for examination.
The CRTC also granted SAAC an opportunity to present their case against CJVB
before the CRTC public hearings on
broadcast license renewals which were to be
held in Vancouver in early February.
Yet van Bruchen leaves the impression
that he is unaware of his own parochialism,
that he does not realize the seriousness of
the charges laid against him or the
prejudicial nature of his comments.
Does he have any regrets about broadcasting the South African editorials?
"None whatsoever. Maybe I should repeat
the same thing three or four times, but that
would be insulting the intelligence of my
listeners," he says.
The CRTC hearings at which SAAC was to
present their case against van Bruchen
were postponed on a technical matter
shortly after they began three weeks ago.
However, the hearings are now slated to
reconvene March 1 and SAAC will be there
asking that a license not be granted to a
radio station which they feel has fallen short
of maintaining an acceptable degree of
broadcasting responsibility.
Friday, February 20,  1976
means of obtaining access to media,
production, facilities and resources in
order to improve the quality~ of their
lives and that of their community."
This was just what the liberal shoguns of
the Canadian Radio & Television Commission always drooled over, for it read like
one huge Public Service Announcement
(PSA) Radio Station.
A brief history of this revolutionary radio
station is the story of public concern and
commitment, community co-operation and
alternative access groups. Two such groups
who banded together formed the embryo of
the station as it now stands. These were
Neighborhood Radio, a production co-op
which sold tapes to the CBC, and the
Community Research Service — better
known as "Muckrakers" — a group of news
media watchdogs interested in unbiased
news. Together these pioneer urban
guerrilla radio enthusiasts formed the
Vancouver Co-operative Radio Society to
lobby the CRTC with their common dream
of a responsible community-run radio
station.
Even after winning the CRTC's godfather
blessings and FM licence the Co-op had to go
scrounging for a "broadcasting pad" to set
up shop. So armed with jackhammers,
paint, brushes, mops, saws and sore thumbs
they attacked, en masse, the two top floors
of the musty old Mercantile Bank building at
333 Carrall St. in historic Gastown.
Hardworking and dedicated, the Co-op
received loads of free help from people like
the Edge City Woodworking Co-op and
volunteer carpenters, plumbers, electricians and engineers by the score. It was a
radio station building "bee-in" on a grand
community scale. This whole termite hoard
of eager beaver volunteers chewed and bit
their way through the concrete and pigeon
shit turning the place miraculously into
some semblance of a workable radio station.
Once the transmitter was erected and
checked out at the SFU campus atop Burnaby Mountain the station popped, crackled
and hissed onto the Vancity air waves April
6, 1975. In those hectic first days delay-
broadcast tapes had to be shuttled up the
mountain to the transmitter site and
broadcast from there as the station link had
not yet been completed with their weak 3.7
kw broadcasting tower.
In fact the low power signal strength has
continuously been a sore point with the
station and its listeners in the outer suburbs
of the metro Vancouver area. A more
muscular transmitter is now being
negotiated with the CRTC and the hopes are
high that next year the big boost will be
noticed with the station's range appropriately extended.
Caught in a budget squeeze, the station is
now staffed almost entirely by volunteers
who receive no remuneration in terms of
money. Only an office co-ordinator and the
station's engineer now receive salaries.
The training of operators, editors and tape
technicians of all kinds has gone on continuously since the station's inception.
Anyone in the community can become a
member for as little as two dollars a share,
entitling them to vote as a shareholder
member at the upcoming Annual General
Meeting (Fishermen's Hall, 8:00 p.m., Feb.
25).
What makes the station so revolutionary
in contrast to all other local broadcast
licencees is its non-commercial and completely community-oriented approach to
programming. Programming is done by
committees and the station has several
strong ones which produce two or more
programs per week. Committees such as
News,-Women's, Books, Labor, Music and
Drama have contributed substantially to the
station's increasing output of live, taped and
remote-live broadcasts.
The station disdains the conventional
AM/FM pap programming approach of the
disc-jockey chatter-to-platter garbage.
Instead of simply filling in time with popular
music the sound you'll hear from Co-op is a
refreshing and energetic media mix. They
have a variety of talk shows, subjective
news, remote broadcasts, panel discussions,
local musicians, book/film/drama reviews,
children's hours, interviews, specials and
radio drama.
Starting with about six hours of late afternoon and evening programming the Coop has now progressed to about 12 solid
hours of variety programming running from
noon to past midnight. The quality of the
broadcasting has steadily improved with
practice and polish lending increasing
sophistication to the station's all round
"sound." The variety and scope of the
programming is the station's strength.
What other local media offers its listeners
two or three hours of live city council
meetings (replete with Art Phillips versus
Harry Rankin's rambunctious debates)?
What other station offers live (or "live-
delayed") broadcasts of the CRTC hearings
(to be resumed in the first week of March),
or live Immigration Hearings, or blow-by-
blow running commentary on the important
B.C. Federation of Labor Congress? No
other local station is so deeply committed to
its community and its acknowledged
diversity. No station, aside from the admittedly excellent CBC Radio, has dared to
challenge the commercial omnipotence of
the "mass media" audience concept as
CFRO-FM has done.
Staff democracy at the station's Workers'
Council and budget director's level works all
the way down to the rotation of janitorial
duties and the taking out of the trash. People
working with the station feel that they are as
much a part of the Co-op as everyone else
and all are entitled to equal voice in committee and council meetings. Communal
HALLOWED HALLS ... putting it together
radio for the good and education of the social
community as a whole seems to be the overriding goal.
Women Unlimited, Pop Goes The Beaver,
Vancouver Extract, Bedtime Stories For
Adults, Rock Talk, Old Wax, Vancouver
Manoeuvres, Backgrounders, Live On
Arrival and Co-op Coop are just some of the
wacky to wonderful to really excellent
programs popping up all week long. Further
program and station information (even free
station programs!) can be had by phoning
the station's hot line; 684-8494.
Co-op Radio is performing a huge community service on a shoestring and
deserves all the huzzahs they can get. They
also deserve all of the help and volunteers
they can handle and students are encouraged to take in the station's gala Open
House all day Sunday Feb. 22.
THE       UBYSSEY
Page Friday, S ?«"*■*
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Cable activity pays for quality
By DAVID MORTON
To the average television
audience, the presence of cable
stations on their TV screens are of
little significance unless they
follow local highschool basketball
or some other local event. Few are
interested in the type of programs
these stations offer, especially
when such a variety of high quality
programming is available to them
in the first place.
Cable television is a technique
which results in the spreading or
extending of every available
production on the air, in every
possible direction. This involves
taking programs off the air, and
redistributing them in a multitude
of other areas. Consequently,
broadcasts from distant cities are
received with amazing clarity.
While cable television helps the
TV station' by improving the
quality of the picture, and making
it available in distant areas, the TV
station is not completely dependent
on the cable company. On the
contrary, the cable companies are
completely dependent on the TV
stations for their survival. They
use the stations in order to develop
a value for subscribers to connect
their systems. In addition to this,
the TV stations deliver their
signals to the cable system
receiving or distribution point.
They also convert the signal into
one suitable for immediate
distribution on the cable TV.
The Canadian Radio-Television
Commission (CRTC), ever aware
of these occurrences, intervened in
order to bring justice to the
television stations. They went on
■ the principle that "one should pay
for what he uses to operate his
business."   Copyrighting   was
considered for the television
stations' programming. This would
mean that the cable people would
have to buy the programs they
used. This was rejected, however,
on the basis that it would eliminate
a valuable source of communication for the public. Instead,
legislation was brought about
requiring the cable stations to
contribute to the Canadian
broadcasting system as a whole.
This may have involved the
companies' purchasing of other
programs for broadcast off their
own systems. Thus the arisal of the
cable stations.
On the Lower Mainland, there
are three such stations. Each of
them appears on Channel 10 in
their respective areas. They are
financed almost entirely by the
cable company serving the area. A
certain percentage of the company's gross revenue goes to the
station, which operates on a deficit
basis. It earns the company
nothing.
Programming is clearly geared
toward the community the station
serves. But this is not its only
service. Groups are encouraged by
the station to give ideas. If they are
particularly interested, they can
produce their own television
shows. Financial and technical
assistance is offered by the station.
In certain areas, the station can
train groups in any area of
television production.
Ideas are only limited by common laws of libel and contempt.
However, due to financial reasons,
none of the ideas are tremendously
amibition. For the most part, these
shows fall into the category of talk
shows, or local sports broadcasts.
As a result of this poor quality,
CABLE-T.V. 100
By BOB RAYFIELD
What is cablevision you ask?
Cablevision is a master antenna
reception system. It was originally
designed to improve the quality of
distant or hard-to-get television
signals. It has since proved to be a
boon in the delivery of local signals
that have been impaired by high
buildings, reflections or other
urban disturbances.
To begin a cable a complex and
highly sophisticated master antenna system is erected by the
cablevision company on a hill,
tower or other high building where
television signals are strongest.
The various signals received are
stabilized with special equipment
then amplified and fed into miles of
coaxial cable. This cable is attached to telephone poles or is run
alongside their underground lines
where it is then connected to
subscribers' homes.
In British Columbia and Alberta
the cablevision companies wholly
own the cable and pay a substantial monthly rental to have the
telephone company install and
carry the cable on their overhead
facilities or in their underground
conduits.
The coaxial cable that carries
the signal is specially shielded so
that die television signals don't
leak out and also so they are
protected from outside electrical
interference which could cause
static or distortion of the picture.
Technically if the interference is
picked up with the TV signal at the
antenna site it will pass distortion
or "snow" along the cable with the
TV picture.
In the centre of the actual cable
is a solid copper or copper-clad
aluminum wire carrying the
signals, surrounded by an insulation of foamed polyethylene,
covered with a sheat of copper
braid or aluminum.
This aluminum winding in turn is
covered with an outer coating of
vinyl that is highly impervious to
the weather.
The TV signals are pumped
along the cable by amplifiers to
overcome the resistance of the
cable. These amplifiers are
electronic boxes a little larger than
an average hard-cover book, which
boost or magnify weak signals.
Amplifiers are also hung on the
cables about every half-mile intervals.
The maintenance of the system
is a very big job. The cables are
subject to power outages, accidents and vandalism. Occasional
failure in the amplifiers only adds
to the maintenance problems
which keep the repair crews
working steadily ever hour of the
year. The system is in a continual
state of rebuilding as copper cable
is being replaced with aluminum
sheathed cable. Better amplifiers
are slowly replacing the older
ones.
Most cablevision companies also
offer FM radio stations on their
cable system. Television or FM
service can be connected to any
number of TV or FM receivers in
the home. In Vancouver the cable
company receives the signal of a
station like CKLG-FM on a regular
receiver.
This audio signal is then transmitted, by sound transmitter, at
the same frequency as Channel 8
transmits if it were not on the
cable.
FM audio is transferred from the
radio to the TV by means of a
modulator. This same technique is
used to transmit the CHQM-FM
and CBC-FM on Channels 12 and 2
respectively.
the cable station constantly gets
complaints from viewers. The
station then has two alternatives if
it desires to do something about
this. The professional staff can
produce something of higher
quality, or the station can purchase
a program from a network.
Whatever they choose, it must be
in the interest of the community.
The cable stations do not have a
rating system, and they have no
idea when audiences watch the*m.
The audience obviously differs
with the program.
Another station that appears
exclusively on cable TV, is KCTS,
Channel 9 from Seattle. Viewers
are familiar with such programs
as Masterpiece Theatre and
William Buckley's Firing Line.
Here the quality of the programs
seems to be much higher, and
more widely received.
This is becaus»KCTS works on a
completely different system. Instead of it being run entirely by a
cable station, it is financed by
grants   and   contributions   from
viewers, government institutions
and corporations. For several
years various school districts on
the Lower Mainland of B.C. have
given contributions to the station
on a per pupil basis. Due to recent
cutbacks on school budgets, this
has been almost completely
eliminated.
(It may be noted here that in the
recent CRTC hearings, it was
brought out that these contributions did not go toward the
providing of such programs as
Masterpiece Theatre. Instead they
went to the costs of the KCTS local
station in Seattle which contributors saw nothing of.)
KCTS is an affiliate of the Public
Broadcasting System. This is a
large network which operates
almost solely on cable stations
across the continent. Instead of
running its own schedule of shows,
as the CBS or ABC, it offers its
affiliates a variety of shows each
year. These shows are made
possible by grants from corporations in the States, and are
distributed by the PBS. The affiliate chooses the shows it feels
will be of most interest to the
audience.
A few weeks ago, KCTS ran a
program that was called Viewers'
Choice. They showed excerpts
from 40 shows that PBS was offering for that year. Viewers in the
immediate area sent in ballots
saying which shows they enjoyed
the most. Those with the highest
ratings were kept by the station.
This is indeed a unique method of
programming. Commercial networks base their entire
programming system on the
Neilson Ratings. If one show slips,
the advertisers pull out of the time
slots, and the station loses money.
As a result the best shows may be
cut because of poor ratings. The
KCTS system is indeed unique in
that its main consideration is the
viewing audience.
A large network such as the CBC
has a larger audience to appeal to.
As a result the programs must be
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CBC & Canadian content
By SUSAN BORYS
Canadians often bemoan the
migration of Canadian talent to the
States as*a loss of national identity
in the entertainment field. Yet,
while most of the population voice
a preference for Canadian
magazines, newspapers and radio
broadcasts, the Davey Report of
1970 showed a preference to
American originated television
shows by Canadian viewers.
To combat this, the CBC emphasized Canadian writing in the
Performance series thus increasing its audience by 50 per cent
over the previous year. Included
also in its list of programs were the
longwithstanding favorites such as
The Tommy Hunter Show, Front
Page Challenge and The Beachcombers, a locally produced
situation comedy.
Incredible as it seems, the CBC's
content is at least 70 per cent
Canadian, including sports
coverage, light entertainment, arts
and sciences and information. But
as much as the CBC insists their
Canadian presentations are highly
rated, the American transmitted
dramas and comedies are twice as
numerous on the Canadian network than homespun efforts.
In a typical viewing day, from
6:00 a.m. to 12:00 midnight, there
was 651.03 hours of American
produced light entertainment as
compared to 331.31 hours of
Canadian   shows   in   1974-75   ac
cording to CRTC categories. In
such a category of popular entertainment that consumes 27 per
cent of total Canadian viewing
time, there is definitely too much
American influence and not
enough Canadian talent being
made use of.
The main factor underlying this
great influx of American shows on
the CBC is financial. From its total
working capital, a great deal of
which comes from Parliamentary
subsidiaries, over half is spent in
salaries and wage expenses, while
less than 15 per i-"-' is allotted for
perf^- jrs   and   TV
stagi." j^ouuction costs. A
marketable presentation made and
sold in the States is of less cost to
French cable pains
By MARGRETT GEORGE
Canada is presently witnessing
an explosion in the already
straining relationship of her two
founding peoples. The CBC's attempt to introduce French
television into B.C. has basically
met with nothing but letters and
telephone calls of protest, all from
the resident anglophone
population.
. When the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was formed in
1936, its mandate specified as part
of the CBC's purpose, to make
television "predominantly
Canadian in context and character" as well as "to serve equitably
the two main language groups and
cultures" (French and English).
This may be accepted as
justification for the CBC's recent
proposal to the Canadian Radio-
Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) for a
license to broadcast in B.C. on UH-
F Channel 26, a French station. If
the application is accepted, as it
probably will be, then a series of
events will be triggered off,
definitely affecting the English-
speaking, TV viewing section of the
public.
The French station to be
broadcast in B.C. would be the
same as the CBC's Montreal
station. Montreal's present
program consists of the basic TV
type scheduling — women's and
cooking shows, talk shows, films,
Montreal produced situation
comedies and dramas, cartoons,
and, of course, every weekend the
Saturday night hockey game —
live!
However, it is not the actual
program that is objected to locally
as much as how the proposed
broadcasting will affect the
current stations available for
viewing in Vancouver. If the
license is granted, then Premier
Cable (Vancouver's cablevision
company) must fit the French
station as well as Western Approaches (already licensed), on
the regular 12-channel VHF
broadcast band.
Because both are Canadian
stations, Premier Cable must
follow the CRTC regulation which
stipulates that Canadian cable-
vision systems are required to
carry all available Canadian
stations. American stations may
only be broadcasted on the VHF
band if there are no available
Canadian stations to fill the 12-
channel dial.
Premier cable plans on placing
the French station on Channel 8
and Western Approaches on
Channel 7, as both of these channels are blank. However, because
Channel 8 has a very weak signal,
the French station would  even
tually be moved to Channel 4, and
ABC would be moved off the 12-
channel dial, and onto a totally new
band, available only through a
converter.
Converters, costing from $75-
$100, will be introduced by Premier
Cable in a year or so allowing for
as many as 30 extra channels for
broadcasting, on the converter
band. Toronto's cablevision has
already installed the converter
broadcasting system, and over
100,000 consumers have paid for
the privilege of watching
American stations.
The CRTC hearings have adjourned at the present time to
consider, among other things, the
CBC's application to broadcast a
Montreal station in B.C. The CRTC
will hardly disregard CBC's plea,
not only because the CRTC is a
prime proponent for Canadian
content in the media, but also
because no CBC application to date
has been rejected by CRTC. CBC's
assurance that their application
will be accepted is such that they
installed a transmitter for the
French station on Mount Seymour,
prior to CRTC's discussion of the
proposal. Although MPs Simma
Holt and John Reynolds, among
others, were vocal at the CRTC
hearings in denouncing the
prejudging and rubber stamping of
CBC's proposal, it is doubtful that
their protests will have any effect
on the decision.
The actual decision to accept or
reject CBC's proposal has not yet
been made, although it is safe to
assume that CRTC's sympathy will
not lie with Canadian citizens.
Q&6S o u n 6
556 SEYMOUR ST.
PHONE 632-6144
OPEN THURSDAY & FRIDAY TIL 9:00 P.M.
The place to buy a music system
the CBC. A company like General
Foods will pick up on the advertising and pay for the use of
prime time TV. It is cheaper for
the television broadcasters to
procure than to produce, especially
in the case of a large scale entertainment program.
As of Oct. 1975, advertisements
were included in the required 70
per cent Canadian content, ruled
by Secretary of State, Hugh
Faulkner. Because most commercial studios are located in such
American cities as New York and
San Francisco, Canada has since
had to expand her own, once
limited, advertising industry. This
has created new openings for
Canadian performers, as well as
start a large money oriented
business.
As heavily influenced as
Canadians are by American
programs, there are still differences that become apparent
from time to time. In Aug. 1969, the
New York Times announced that
any ads for cigarettes that they
carried would contain «a health
warning. In Nov. of that same
year, the U.S. Senate Commerce
Committee voted to outlaw
altogether cigarette commercials
in the broadcasting media after
January 1, 1971.
In Canada, the Federation of
Canadian Advertising and Sales
Club met in Kitchener on Jan. 1969.
A resolution was passed opposing
any  federal   ban  on  radio   and
television pertaining to cigarette
ads. It was not only ineffective, but
also discriminatory against that
segment of commercial media.
But most people who are
dissatisfied with ads complain
mostly about the timing and
content of them. And Canadian
viewers are not about to be
pacified just because the last five
commercials they saw in a row are
produced in their own country. As
of Oct. 1975, commercial messages
directed towards children
specifically, were removed.
There is now a suggestion from
the CRTC for a gradual 50 per cent
decrease in advertising time on the
CBC.
In 1974, a five-year Accelerated
Coverage Plan was announced by
the government, under which the
national radio and television
services of the CBC would be extended in the appropriate official
language to all communities of a
population of 500 or more. Some 600
projects concerning the construction of rebroadcasting
transmitters are planned to bring
reception to about 99 per cent of all
Canadians.
Obviously, the CBC feels it is
keeping within the regulations
upon Canadian content in broadcasting. There are, among the
American game shows, soap
operas, police dramas, and
situation comedies, some excellent
Canadian programs; there is just
the matter of searching for them.
VANCOUVER SyiMphONY ORCHESTRA
The CHQM
GREAT COMPOSERS SERIES
Presents
"One of the World's Greatest Violinists"
(New York Times)
PINCHAS
ZUKERMAN
Performing and conducting: with
the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra
February 24, 25,
February 26,
8:30 p.m.
7:30 p,m.
BACH   Brandenburg Concerto No. 3
BACH   Concerto in D Minor for Two Violins
MOZART   Concerto for Violin, No. 1
MENDELSSOHN "Italian" Symphony
SERIES TICKETS STILL AVAILABLE
AT THE TICKET CENTRE
Tickets  at the  Vancouver Ticket
Centre (630 Hamilton Street) and
outlets. All Eaton's stores
Box Office one hour before concerts
$3.50 - $7.00
$1.00 off
for  students and seniors on the
supplement
This series is sponsored by CHQM
v Friday;. February 20^ 1976
:T<WE'<    UY'BrY'S S E Y
Boqu'i Fiidtty, 7 mediamediamediamediamedlamediame&iamediamed
CRTC encounters murmurs
By ERIC IVAN BERG
The large hue and cry over the
recently aborted CRTC hearings
have stirred up much controversy
in local professional electronic
media circles. For this issue PF
phoned Gene Kern the production
manager of country & western
format Radio CKWX, to get his
professional opinion on the CRTC.
Kern considered the Commission
members somewhat "unrealistic"
and leaning decidedly towards the
"artsy" in their attitudes towards
pro radio. Kern complained that
CRTC
From PF2
Ruling with this complete judge,
jury and executioner omnipotence
granted the CRTC by law, has
naturally enough, raised the ire of
powerful broadcasting barons and
the country's many local media
mobsters alike. Many of their
shoot-to-kill vituperative verbal
machinegunnings of the CRTC are
loud protests over what they have
viewed as the several seemingly
autocratic loftier-than-thou
dispensations and decreees dan-
died down by the Commission's
Exec clique.
Not the least of the broadcasters'
complaints has been their constant, and perhaps legitimate,
bellyache that the CRTC simply
doesn't understand their top heavy
capital cost commitments, tight
financial straitjacket and the intensive cum cut-throat competition
they face. Many angry station
managers drip acidic in resentment over the obvious fact that the
Commissionaires are all government appointees (some have said
"flunkies"). CRTC members are
not duly elected members
responsible to the general public,
rather they are only answerable to
Parliament via the minister.
However, it's impossible to see
how objectively unbiased the
CRTC could be if it were publically
elected and hence subjected to
media pressure groups and out-
side-interest lobbies. In all fairness
the CRTC is desperately needed to
control and regulate the rampant
growth of fly-by-night station
operators, whole new networks
(like Global) and the octopus
monster of cable television (which
is probably the media wave of the
future). The CRTC is trying to do
the best job it can in its very difficult position of double jeopardy —
they are dmaned-if-they-do and
damned-if-they-don't in many
licensing tug of wars.
The CRTC, safely ensconsed
under the auspices of the Broadcasting Act, is here to stay for
better (hopefully far better) than
worse.  Despite this, the cynical
Cable
From PF 6
of more general interest, and
higher quality as well. The cable
stations are limited to the interests
of the community and, as a result
do not appeal to the majority.
It is difficult to say which of
these two systems serves the
public more efficiently. The CRTC
likes to combine the two into one
large effort called the Canadian
broadcasting system. Together
they supposedly serve the public
with collective efficiency.
The main problem with the
Canadian broadcasting system
seems to be the CRTC. In their
attempts to develop Canadian
talent, they have made stringent
demands 6n both the CBC and the.
cable stations. Poor quality is
characteristic of both. In cable, the
CRTC requires the stations to run
almost completely on the ideas and
productions of the community.
These ideas either make or break
the station. It seems that this is the
reason for the poor quality. The
station's professional productions
are merely an attempt to beef up
their programming.
viewpoint of one local broadcaster
is still that the CRTC Commissionaires are only "Artsy
fartsy Liberal intellectuals-on-high
sallying forth from Ottawa-
Camelot to slay windmills and high
tension hydro towers disguised as
commercial breathing media
dragons."
Sorry Pat
Sorry to Pat, the sweetest
ballerina in the world. Tim
Stephens was inevitably delayed
by the PF editor.
the Ottawa based Commission did
not really understand the basic
bread & butter commercial
problems in what he termed "The
most highly competitive radio
market in North America."
Kern was obviously irritated
about the CRTC's artificial attempts to "control listening
habits" and to "legislate
nationalism!" Kern kicked back at
this by insisting that the Commission cannot legislate
nationalism just as governments
cannot legislate morality.
However, Kern happily agreed
that the CRTC "has done some
very good work" in such areas as
cablevision growth. Kern, who has
personally debated broadcasting
issues with both past and present
CRTC Chairmen, tacitly agreed
with certain needed controls in the
Broadcasting Act. He eagerly
agreed with its legal premise that
appointed CRTC members should
have no broadcasting or outside
financial interests in any electronic media operation. The
Commissionaires, he said, should
remain completely non-partisan so
as to not be influenced by any
broadcasting or political pressure
groups.
Kern strongly insisted that the
CRTC's Canadian music content
regulations, the "Lightfoot Rule,"
should be "cut back to about 10%"
from its present 30% quota system.
He pointed out that the "artificial
Canadian stars" created by the
ruling simply were not selling well
in the major record market of the
U.S.
Kern said that he would not at all
mind being appointed to the
Commission himself and pointed
out that none of the past or present
members had any professional
broadcasting experience.
Grudgingly, he praised the
Commission   and   its   massive
research facilities for being very
thorough and highly efficient in the
strict enforcement of their imposed controls. "Legitimately,
private broadcasting's .collective
corporation taxes effectively pays
the entire CBC budget," explained
Kern. That's to the tune of more
than 320 million dollars annually.
Think about that.
Apology
PF wishes to apologize for
several printing errors in last
week's interview with Audrey
Thomas.
The first quote from Mrs. Blood
should have read, "We will caU this
'doing our exorcises' " instead of
"exercises."
In the seventh quote, also from
Mrs. Blood, "he has riven" should
have read, "He is not here, he has
risen."
CUT IT OUT!
Great Britain.
Great Price.
Great planes, too—Laker Airways'
DC-10 jumbo-jets. So besides a good
dinner (usually steak) with wine, dessert,
and liqueurs, you also get stereo and
movies at no extra cost. And an open bar.
And oodles of room. Nice. Prices are
fantastic. Compared to regular airline
fares, you could save from $55 to $400 or
more! And look at the choice of flights! AH
you have to do is book early: 30 days
ahead for May; 45 for June; 60 for all the
rest. So when can you go?
I VANCOUVER TO LONDON (GATWICK) DIRECT—STAY FOR 2, 3, 4 MONTHS OR MORE!
Depart
No. of
Days
Return
PHce
Book
Before
Depart
No. of
Days
Return
Price
Book    II Depart
Before  ||
No. ot
Days
Return
Price
Book
Before
Fri. Apr. 16
28
May 14
$364
Feb. 16
Fri. June 18
14
July   2
$439
May  4
Fri. Aug.   6
125
Dec. 9
$489
June  7
Fri. Apr. 16
49
June 4
$364
Feb. 16
Fri. June 18
35
July 23
$439
May   4
Fri. Aug. 27
21
Sep. 17
$439
June 28
Fri. Apr. 16
98
July 23
$389
Feb. 16
Fri. June 18
49
Aug. 6
$439
May  4
Fri. Aug. 27
42
Oct.   8
$439
June 28
Fri. Apr. 23
21
May 14
$364
Feb. 23
Fri. June 18
91
Sep. 17
$459
May  4
Fri. Aug. 27
63
Oct. 29
$459
June 28
Fri. Apr. 23
42
June 4
$364
Feb. 23
Thur. July 1
62
Aug. 31
$489
Apr. 30
Fri. Aug. 27
104"
Dec. 9
$459
June 28
Fri. Apr. 23
70
July 2
$389
Feb. 23
Fri. July 2
21
July 23
$469
May   3
Fri. Sep. 3
14
Sep. 17
$409
July  5
Fri. May 21
14
June 4
$409
Apr. 21
Fri. July 2
56
Aug. 27
$489
May   3
Fri. Sep.   3
21
Sep. 24
$409
July   5
Fri. May 21
49
July 9
$409
Apr. 21
Fri. July 2
66
Sep. 3
$489
May  3
Fri. Sep.  3
35
Oct. 8
$409
July  5
Fri. May 21
77
Aug. 6
$429
Apr. 21
Fri. July  9
14
July 23
$469
May 10
Fri. Sep.   3
104
Dec. 16
$429
July   5
Fri. May 21
105
Sep. 3
$429
Apr. 21
Fri. July   9
28
Aug. 6,
$469
May 10
Fri. Sep. 17
21
Oct.   8
$409
July 19
Tue. June 1
85
Aug. 24
$429
Apr. 16
Fri. July  9
56
Sept. 3
$489
May 10
Fri. Sep. 17
42
Oct. 29
$409
July 19
Tue. June 1
99
Sep. 7
$429
Apr. 16
Fri. July  9
70
Sep. 17
$489
May 10
Fri. Sep. 17
90
Dec. 16
$429
July 19
Fri. June 4
14
June 18
$439
Apr. 20
Fri. July 23
35
Aug. 27
$469
May 24
Fri. Oct. 8
21
Oct. 29
$389
Aug.   9
Fri. June 4
28
July 2
$439
Apr. 20
Fri. July 23
63
Sep. 24
$489
May 24
Fri. Oct.   8
41
Nov. 18
$389
Aug.   9
Fri. June 4
Fri. June 4
35
63
July 9
Aug. 6
$439
$459
Apr. 20
Apr. 20
Fri. July 23
Fri. Aug. 6
146
21
Dec. 16
Aug. 27
$489
$469
May 24
June  7
Fri. Oct. 29
Fri. Oct. 29
20
41
Nov. 18
Dec. 9
$389
$389
Aug. 30
Aug. 30
Tue. June 15
71
Aug. 24
$459
Apr. 30
Fri. Aug.   6
28
Sep. 3
$469
June   7
Tue. June 15
85
Sep. 7
$459
Apr. 30
Fri. Aug.   6
63
Oct. 8
$489
June   7
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TRAVEL
Room 100P S.U.B., University of B.C.  224-0111
Page-Friday* 8
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 20,  1976 notesquotesnotesquotesnotesquotesnotesquotesnotes
Polish mime fantasy
By MERRILEE ROBSON
There is a romantic, whimsical quality in
this production. The story of a young
princess' search for a husband is a popular
theme in our cultural heritage. And the
Menagerie of the Empress Phylissa
Performed by the Polish Mime Ballet
At the QE Theatre, Feb. 12, 13, 14
A David Y. H. Louie production  .
sprightly young heroine does remind one for
a moment of the Nutcracker Suite's Clara.
But Menagerie of the Empress Phylissa,
the full length ballet performed by the'
Polish Mime Ballet Theatre during their
recent appearance here, is a very erotic
Nutcracker Suite.
The sensual aspect of dance is very
strongly emphasized. The company, as the
name suggests, draws from the traditions of
mime, ballet and eastern and western
drama. But there is also a gymnastic influence. A great emphasis is placed on the
athletic abilities and beauty of the human
body.
MIME ... sensual pageantry
By ANNE WALLACE
This week, Pacific Cinematheque
presents Some Like It Hot starring the blond
bombshell of the last generation, Marilyn
Monroe. Also starring in this zany comedy,
filmed in 1959, are Jack Lemmon, Tony
Curtis and Joe E. Brown. This is one of
Marilyn's best films and is showing Monday
at 8 p.m. at VECC.
Hello Dolly!, this year's production by
Mussoc, plays for two final nights, tonight
and tomorrow. Student price is $2 and
tickets are available at the Vancouver
Ticket Centre. Show time is 8:30 p.m. in the
Old Auditorium.
This is also the last weekend to catch Jane
Heyman's production of The Sea at VECC.
This is a good play for an evening of light
and amusing entertainment. Shows are on
Notice
Page Friday will be publishing its annual
Creative arts issue in the first week of
March. Poems and short stories submitted
by the students will be printed. Photos and
Graphic Art will also he included in this
special issue and an award of an
autographed copy of Robert Bringhurst's
new book of poetry will be given to the best
student entry.
Collection points for submissions will be
the Ubyssey office, at 241K SUB, or the box
in the Creative Writing Department. AH
entries must be received by 12:30 Tuesday,
March 1 and will be returned if accompanied by a self-addressed envelope. So
get your thumbs out of your mouths and
start writing.
Friday at 8:30 p.m. and Saturday at 7 p.m.
and 10 p.m. and tickets are $3.50.
The Vancouver Jazz Society will be
hosting a jazz workshop next week featuring
pianist Dollar Brand. Any aspiring jazz
musicians might like to take this in. It will
be held on Feb. 25 at 2 p.m. at the Western
Front, 303 East 8th. Cost is $3.    '
If your musical tastes tend toward the
longhair stuff, then take note. CHQM starts
its Great Composer series next Tuesday,
February 24 at the Queen Elizabeth theatre.
The first performer will be Pinchas
Zukerman, an established violinist and
conductor. Mr. Zukerman will perform and
conduct the music of Mozart, Bach and
Mendelsohn with the Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra, Tuesday and Wednesday-at 8:30
p.m. and Thursday at 7:30. Tickets for this
concert are available at all Vancouver
Ticket Centre outlets.
UBC Fine Arts Gallery's Faculty
exhibition goes into its final week, ending on
February 24. Many of the participating
artists have exhibited in the major
Canadian galleries and have their work represented in major collections across Canada
while others are displaying their work for
the first time. The gallery is open Tues.-Sat.
10:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. in the basement of the
Main library. Admission is free.
A reminder of the Annual Variety Club
Telethon dance being held tonight at BCIT.
Tickets are $2 at the door and all proceeds
go to the Variety Club's efforts to help the
mentally retarded. This could be your once-
in-a-lifetime chance to meet Hollywood
greats such as Monty Hall and Joanne
Worley. Doors open at 8 p.m., dancing to the
music of Stewart Freeman from 9 p.m. until
1 a.m.
The dance opens with a petulant Empress
Phylissa (Danuta Kisiel Drzewinska)
suffering through puberty. A doctor is
summoned and, after examining the
patient, decides that the solution to her
problem is marriage.
The dance chronicles the visits of
Phylissa's eight suitors, who range from a
bewigged Marquis to a Black Angel on a
motorcycle, accompanied by the cast of
Hair. The electronic music reflects the
historical procession through various
epochs.
In each case the lover proves unsuitable.
The first, a cavalier, shoots himself. The
romantic Ludovico shows himself to be a
mere illusionist. Napoleon the Greater, a
stuntman, finds that he is no match for the
lively Phylissa. Max Pipafax, the last
gallant of la belle epoque, is literally eaten
up arousing "lickerishness" in the empress.
Empress Phylissa is always disappointed.
At one point she is robbed, the bitter result
of mingling with people of a lower class. She
suffers a nervous breakdown when the
hypnotist Hidalla turns the fantasty to
horror.
The performance ends with a warning
that all the advances of modern science will
not bring happiness in love. Phylissa finds
that she lacks the money to turn her robot
lover on again. She remains unfulfilled.
In spite of the absence of a "happily ever
after" ending, this is not a tragedy.
Menagerie of the Empress Phylissa is
described in the program as "mimic
clownery." This atmosphere of clowning
and circus pageantry  is   delightful.   The
physical exertion and muscular control of
the dancers adds to the circus effect.
The -experience involves aspects of
Christmas pantomime as well: The
exaggerated gestures of mime are combined with the classical expression of dance,
with effective results. The theatrical
aspects of the performance seemed to give
the audience more freedom of expression
than is usual at a ballet. It is easy to laugh at
the antics of Phylissa and her lovers.
But the most obvious aspect of the performance was made explicit by Phylissa's
huge bed, dominating the stage. This is
indeed part of the Nutcracker Suite
tradition, the little girl who is entertained by
a procession of delightful characters in her
dreams. In this case the sexual elements
were overt. Each of Phylissa's suitors came
complete with at least one phallic symbol: a
gun, a sword, the poles of Ludovico's
canopy.
There may have been some members of
the audience who wished the B.C. censor
had warned them that the ballet was
completely concerned with sex. And others
who felt that the lack of intermission made
the program seem quite short.
This is not to say that Menagerie of the
Empress Phylissa should have been interrupted by an intermission. But perhaps
the performance could have been preceded
by a shorter piece, to make the evening
seem more substantial.
In itself, however, the ballet was an entertaining and magical combination of all
aspects of theatre. The Polish Mime Ballet
Theatre can be relied upon to provide an
exciting and novel theatrical experience.
Dolly Flips
By IAN MORipN
Though Mussoc's HetTd Dolly! has
disappointing beginnings and endings,
between them you're likely to find great
musical entertainment.
For the first quarter of the play, when I
viewed it, either the chorus was not exercising their diaphragms enough, or the
sound system in the Old Auditorium was
inadequate. It was probably a mixture of
both, but no matter, there was no punch to
give the audience that initial push into the
high pulse which Dolly later releases.
Hello Dolly!
Starring Roma Hearn
Choreography by Grace MacDonald
Old Auditorium
Until Feb. 21
However, Roma Hearn, exquisitely
playing Dolly Levi, soon gave her chorus a
stiff kick in their posteriors, and the show
was off and running at a great speed. By the
time Miss Hearn let loose World Take Me
Back and was later backed up in Put On
Your Sunday Clothes, the audience began to
respond with as much enthusiasm as the
actors.
It is only until then that the story behind
the actors becomes interesting. Dolly, with
her romantic trickery and flippant cunning,
hilariously winds each of the characters
neatly around her finger, to do what .she
pleases with them. However, at the same
time she is deeply sentimental and torn by
the desire to remain faithful to her dead
husband, Efrem, and another desire to
return to the gay life she used to have in New
York.
Roma Hearn certainly strikes home here
with a fiery, extremely moving version of
Love Look In My Window. She stands alone
to one side of the stage, doing nothing
terribly special, except increasing the
pressure of the lonely world she so
desperately needs to escape from — and she
does so with impressive force. Though she is
accompanied by a subtle orchestration and
a solitudinous spotlight, Miss Hearn could
have managed alone.
Fortunately, however, this is not the
climax of the show. Fittingly, the real
climax has more to do with retiring
choreographer, Grace MacDonald, for
whom the show is dedicated. The dancing of
The Waiters' Gallop, leading into the show's
biggest number, Hello Dolly, was stunning.
Quite truthfully I felt my heart in my mouth
as waiters catapulted about the stage in
extraordinarily good precision for an
amateur cast. Here, it is impossible to name
the many fine dancers involved, but in
particular, Stan Granda as Rudolph, the
Head Waiter, with his long nimble legs, is a
treat to watch..
In fact the entire Waiters' Gallop is so
zestfully put together, I'm sure that I was
not the only one in the audience who felt like
singing along with the Hello Dolly number.
At the time, I was so exhilarated I do not
remember, if indeed, I did sing along.
However, the problem here is that there
are two more scenes to go in the show, and it
cannot help but to then slide downhill"— and
it does. Everything following Hello Dolly is
slow and plodding, it seems.
It is capped off by a rather bizarre curtain
call where actor and audiences do not seem
to know what is going on. There is an
uneasiness in the audience which doesn't
know whether or not to clap or simply enjoy
the odds-'n-ends dance routines which are
being done. This is a shameful ending
because the cast has worked so hard
through a hectic show. I found myself
muttering about the show's director, "Dr.
Brockington, your cast deserves better."
Among the performers, Kim Stebner as
Cornelius Hackl, though his singing was not
altogether elevating, gave a crisp, enjoyable portrayal. Along with Michael Cliffe
as Barnaby Tucker, he moves well, and both
nicely capture the youthful greenness their
roles require. Alex McLeod, as Horace
Vandergelder, is annoying through most of
the play with his persistent overacting, but
he is consistent, and you must hand that to
him. The prettiest voice of the entire
company without a doubt belongs to Marilyn
Smith, as Irene Mollay, and she is a
pleasure to watch when on stage.
Brian Haigh's set design, on the whole is
satisfying. His Vandergelder Feed Store,
however, is hideously barren and painted a
sickly brown. It does not come close to
reflecting the Horace Vandergelder status
quo.
But apart from Roma Hearn, it is Grace
MacDonald's show, and God knows she had
done it enough times to where the surface
needs polishing. Her dancers work hard for
her, and though you've been around a long
time, Grace, there's still life in your bones.
With her dancers and Roma Hearn, Hello
Dolly is worth its trouble, and worth seeing.
Friday, February 20,  1976
J, H E t, U BXS>5 E Y
sPeWbEridstfrJ boo ks boo les boo ksbooks booksb
Edwards misread
By RALPH MAURER
Once upon a time, there used to
be a newspaper called the Calgary i
Eye Opener.
The Eye Opener was a
newspaper, but not in the ordinary
sense of the word. Unlike most
other newspapers of the time — the
first 20 years of the 20th century —
and even now, the Eye Opener
wasn't first and foremost a
business enterprise.
The Best of Bob Edwards
Edited by Hugh Dempsey
Hurtig, 271 .pages, $8.95 hardbound
The Eye Opener didn't have
much of a staff, either; usually Bob
Edwards wrote and edited the
whole thing, when he was sober.
Often he wasn't.
Bob Edwards cared a lot about
his readers. Not so much that he
would pander to them but he cared
much more about them than he
cared about the people he was
writing about.
Usually he laughed at the people
he was writing about, and encouraged the readers to do the
same. Often, though, he was pissed
off enough at public figures to
maim them in print. When he
wrote about those people, he was
funny too, but not the kind of funny
you laugh at.
For Bob Edwards, there were no
such things as libel laws; his only
rule was that what he wrote had to
be factually accurate. (He was
sued several times but never
successfully.) He never went out of
his way to make fools out of people.
He was clearly of the school that
believes that fools are usually best
at doing that themselves.
In short, Bob Edwards is
everything you want to see in
newspapers nowadays but can't,
because newspapers are too busy
kissing the asses of the kind of
people Edwards kicked in the ass.
The Best of Bob Edwards is one
of the few books On Edwards. Well,
it actually isn't about Edwards at
all. It's just editor Hugh Dempsey's idea of the funniest and most
interesting things Edwards
published.
Dentpsey is trying -to make
Edwards sound like the Mark
Twain of Canada, which he's not.
Dempsey (and publisher Mel
Hurtig; publishing is a business,
after all) want reviewers and
readers to pick up this book and
say, gee, this Edwards fellow said
some really funny and marvellous
things. The Sun and the Province
— the kinds of papers Edwards
laughed at — have already
"reviewed" this book. But their
reviews consisted of little more
than the reviewer creaming
his/her jeans for a couple of
paragraphs about what a great guy
this Edwards is, then just pulling a
whole pile of Edwards quotes out of
the book. Thirty. End of review.
Your Official
U.B.C.
Graduation
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Since 1969
3343 W. Broadway
732-7446
Another day, another pay cheque.
Dempsey, and those reviewers
who thought this book was so great,
have really missed Bob Edwards'
point. Edwards' importance lies
not in what he wrote, a lot of which
is dated. Edwards was a kind of
populist: he stood up for the little
man; in the works of the
newspaper cliche, he comforted
the afflicted and afflicted the
comfortable. But he was also a
sexist: he cherished some pretty
old-fashioned ideas, even for the
turn of the century, about the role
of women in our society.
Edwards is important because of
the kind of newspaper he produced,
and because of what contemporary
newspaper workers could learn
from him. Dempsey's book doesn't
talk about this aspect.
The Best of Bob Edwards is
meant as some kind of homage to
Edwards, but it succeeds only in
being a little joke book. This is not
what Edwards should be
remembered for.
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Page Friday. 10
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, February 20,  1976 Friday, February 20,  1976
THE       UBYSSEY
Page  17
Hardwick out of date
From page 3
who has demonstrated a lot of
interest in educational planning
suddenly showing up at the city."
U: "Why this particular type of
weaving, is there some philosophy
or,attitude behind it?"
H.: "Well I consider the whole
adventure to be really a primary
concern for what I woulcj call in
very broad terms public education.
As an academic I've always
considered it important that
whatever work that I've engaged
in not only have academic merit in
its own right but to have a community impact as well, and I guess
in a sense that is something to do
with relevance if you like.
"Now, I've always seen my job
■ as to teach in the classroom and to
deal with the generation that is
coming up to assume roles
presumably which vary anywhere
from just being plain citizens, to
being active participants in the
management of the world."
Asked about how he felt about
the students in the classroom and
what their role should be in the
system, Hardwick spoke of improvements in the early 1960s.
He said the "whole process- of
decentralization of post-secondary
education" in the 1960s, and the
establishment of community
colleges had improved accessibility and the lot of students.
"Now, in a sense the thinking
that went on in 1961 and 1962 about
this (the place of students) was in
part a reaction against UBC of that
date, which was in fact a pretty
sort of rule bound, you know, elitist
institution.
"I mean the students today just
have no idea about how free they
are to choose courses and so on
compared to what it was like when
I came here in 1950 as a student."
Hardwick says that for "most of
the educational planning that I've
engaged in, I've come at it with the
general belief that our primary
concern should be the client, if you
like, of the enterprise rather than
management or administration."
But he doesn't seem  to think
much of the requests in 1976 for
increased student representation,
♦ especially  on   the  tenure  and
promotion committees.
"Well, I'll tell you I have supported the participation of students
in senate and stuff like this," he
said.
"I know that decisions are better
decisions when the full range of
evidence is before a body ... the
students have a leavening influence and they are in some ways
a sort of distant early warning
system for problems on campus
and so I think they've got a role to
play."
But not on tenure and promotion
committees. He says students lack
the ability to make the "long term"
decisions about faculty continuance. "Now that shows you
how I'm an academic elitist," he
said.
"On the other hand, I am very
concerned about the question of
teaching and the question of
community for students," he said.
He said he would like to foster the
idea of a "community of students,"
which would emphasize improved
communication between students
and their profs.
"I was instrumental in
establishing Urban Studies 200 as a
means as well of bringing a broad
range of people together and partly
to try and get a community of
people that were interested in the
city, to identify with each other —
to be able to do something more
than just react to standup lectures."
In 1973, when Hardwick was still
alderman, Urban Studies 200 was
an effective course, made interesting by spicy anecdotes that
Hardwick had picked up in city
hall.
He still teaches a fourth-year-
level geography course, commuting to Vancouver once a week
to get to the class. Some people in
the class find his teaching material
a bit dated, and critical reaction by
some students to his book, Vancouver, which he recommended to
the class, was less than favorable.
It is in that classroom where the
sense that Hardwick's image is a
bit mythical begins to pervade.
Hardwick seems to be fumbling
in the late 1960s — when his ideas
were well with the times — with
talk of change to a "post-industrial
era," which was more fashionable
then than it is now.
His original group of graduate
students, which published a
prolific number of articles (largely
through grants Hardwick was able
to raise from the federal government) has moved on. Some of his
present graduate students also
think he is living a bit in the past.
With that in mind, The Ubyssey
asked Hardwick what he foresees
for the future and what he intends'
to do in the years ahead.
Hardwick says he sees a "move
to  stability   in   the  educational
population" coming with the^nd of
the baby boom, while society
continues to change rapidly.
He said "recurrent education" —
where adults come back to school
for personal enrichment as well as
technical and occupational skills —
will also expand.
"And this is not an area that the
universities particularly have put
a lot of emphasis in the past," he
said. "You know the continuing
education enterprise here is about
70 per cent self-sustaining over the
year."
Hardwick said universities have
been justifying themselves in
recent years by increased student
population. "Now I think they're
going to have to be looking at other
things — of what their contributions are in other ways and
you know the whole question of
dealing with an adult population is
part of it."
And from his end, Hardwick
talks of the centralized decentralization in the education
department he wants to see.
"Well, one of the things I'm
concerned with and am working on
right now is to try and create a
decision-making process which
will maintain a high level of
decentralization of management,
which I think is important.
"In other words, this is where
you keep a competitive and
creative mix of things going. And
one of the great problems it seems
to me is to invent management
systems which will allow the
province-wide need to be articulated but the response to take
place within local jurisdictions.
"There are mechanisms by
which this can be encouraged and
cultivated and it is my intention to
try and create those mechanisms
so that process will take place. You
don't have to live in a world of
confrontation and stuff like that."
SIR MONTI ROCK III
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Smash Hit - "Get Dancin' "
• 2 shows nightly
Tickets at Cave Box Office Noon-10:00 P.M. daily
For information-
Telephone 682-3677
626 Hornby St.
NEVER DONE
(A Chronicle of the Women of B.C.)
A Collective Work
Directed By Paul Clements
FEBRUARY 25 -28
8:00 p.m.
Tickets:    $3.00
Students: $2.00
Tickets: Room 207 — Frederic Wood Theatre
UBC DOROTHY SOMERSET STUDIO
rd
hair studio inc.
UNISEX HAIRSTYLES
FOR APPOINTMENT
224-1922
5784 University (Next to Bank of Commerce)
meeting the challenge of the seventies
CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
SWIMMING POOL MANAGERS
The Government of Yukon Territory has several openings
for persons interested in summer employment, from
approximately mid May to mid August, as managers of
portable swimming pools in a number of Yukon locations.
Reporting to the Yukon Government's Recreation Branch
and working in close liaison with community sponsoring
groups, the successful applicants will be required to
rrianage portable swimming pools and perform routine
maintenance tasks to ensure efficient operation of the
pools as well as instructing red Cross and Royal Life
Saving Society courses and introducing and implementing
other aquatic and recreation programs.
Applicants must possess or be eligible for a Red Cross
Water Safety Instructor's Certificate. They should also
possess a current life saving award (minimum Bronze
Medallion) and be able to work effectively with a
minimum of supervision. Previous experience in maintenance and pool operations will be an asset.
Government of Yukon Territory will pay for transportation
costs to and from Vancouver qr Edmonton.
Closing Date: February 27,  1976
Salary: $391.04 bi-weekly
Submit detailed resumes to:
GOVERNMENT OF THE YUKON TERRITORY      Personnel Department
RO. Box 2703
Whitehorse,Y.T. Page 18
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 20,  1976
Volleyball 'Birds drop all comers
By MARK LEPITRE
The Thunderbird volleyball team
won their own international
tournament Saturday by defeating
the seventh ranked team in the
U.S. in two games.
The 'Birds met the Multnomah
Athletic Club in the finals and
came up with their strongest
match of the season. In the second
game of the finals the 'Birds came
back from a 14-10 deficit and won
17-15. The score in the previous
game was 15-8.
The win over the Macs, who were
missing two national team players,
avenged UBC's loss to them in
November when the Macs took the
UBC Invitational.
The 'Birds played nine matches
during the tournament and did not
World Cup for rugby side ?
The Thunderbird rugby team
will try to win their third World
Cup in a row when they take on the
University of California at Santa
Barbara team Saturday.
The 'Birds handily defeated
UCSB at Thunderbird Stadium last
year to take the cup.
UBC coach Donn Spence feels
UCSB has improved over last year
but still is not sure about what kind
of   team   he   will   face   as   the
Americans have picked up several
injuries in the past week.
The 'Birds also have a game on
tap with the Long Beach State side
next Tuesday.
UBC fly-half John Billingsley
figures this to be the toughest test.
"Long Beach has 11 imports On
their team, mostly from New
Zealand. They are also ranked
number one in the U.S., says
Billingsley.
Judo Squad makes it two,
wins Canada West title
Last Sunday the 'Birds were in
Victoria, taking on the Victoria
Crimson Tide for the McKechnie
Cup. The 'Birds' 16-10 loss was
UBC's first loss in McKechnie Cup
action in three years.
Last Saturday the 'Birds were in
Seattle to commence their intercollegiate play with a game
against the University of
Washington Huskies. UBC won
that 65-3. Closer than last season's
103-0 score.
lose a game. An important factor
in this record was their strong
blocking.
The team has excellent blockers
and depends mostly on them for
defence. However, when the
blocking is not up to par the back
row is capable of keeping the team
in the game. The strong UBC front
row often thwarted opposition
attackers and generally controlled
the games.
The UBC attack was also very
strong. Their complex plays, with
many alternatives, often confused
the opposition. On numerous occasions a UBC player would go up
to spike with no one blocking him.
The 'Birds travel'to Saskatoon
today for an international tournament today and Saturday. There
they will meet the Canadian
National team and some other
tough competition.
On Feb. 26 and 27 the 'Birds will
take part in the Intercollegiates in
Winnipeg. The Saskatoon tournament will give the 'Birds
valuable game experience against
top calibre teams; something they
have been missing this season.
The team expects to do well in
both tournaments and they have
the ability to do so. The team is
made up entirely of veterans,
many of whom played when UBC
placed third in Canada two seasons
ago.
In women's volleyball the
Thunderettes took the Canada
West crown by blanking Calgary
and Lethbridge Saturday and
Sunday. The Thunderettes took
both matches three games to none
to earn the right to represent
western Canada in Winnipeg next
Thursday and Friday.
The Thunderettes are also very
experienced and may be expected
to do well in Winnipeg.
For the second season in a row
the UBC judo team won the Canada
West title.
Lethbridge, Alberta, and UBC all
entered teams in the competition
held in Lethbridge. Alberta had
won the trophy seven years in a
row before UBC finally won it last
season. Alberta was a stronger
team than last year and proved to
be UBC's toughest opponent.
The UBC team consisted of five
members, Mark Tsuijuki, a brown
belt in the 139 pound class, Greg
Lyon, a black belt in the 154 pound
class, Walter Martindale, a brown
belt in the 176 pound class, Tim
Hirose, a black belt in the 205
pound class and Jim Gatzke, a
brown belt in the heavyweight
class.
Greg Lyon, the team captain,
was in the best match of the day.
He defeated Greg Wheeler, the
western Canadian champion in a
hard fought match. Both Lyon and
Hirose won their weight classes.
Tsuijuki,   Walter
tindale, and Jim Gatzke lost their
respective matches in the first
round. However, by getting in the
back door they managed to place
second in their particular weight
classes.
NOTICE
Tuition Fee
Income Tax
Receipts
Available
Dept. of Finance
General Service
Admin. Building
8:30 to 4:30 p.m.
SKI CROSS COUNTRY
Sales and Rentals
Ski schools
Ski tours
Film nights
Wax clinics
Phone for
further info!
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THE       UBYSSEY
Page 19
!»^!^!j^^P^»
Puck'Birds blow lead-come back
By MARK LEPITRE
The^umderbird hockey team
defeate^^pue leading University
>of AlberaFGolden Bears in two
home games Friday and Saturday.
The victories, by scores of 4-3
and 8-3, put the 'Birds one win
short of a .500 record, which is all
they can hope for as they are out of
play-off contention.
Friday's game was perhaps the
* most exciting seen at Thunderbird
Arena this season, going into
double overtime.
The game went seven minutes
into sudden death overtime before
Wayne Hendry deflected a Jim
Lawrence shot with his backside
i for the winning goal.
The play of both teams was
generally good, but somewhat
inconsistent. There were times
when neither team seemed to be
able to pass accurately more than
about 10 feet asi|L
The   Bears ^Sowerplay   was
> especially   weak.   Out   of   six
powerplays only once did the Bears
show any domination, but they did
not score. During the other attempts the 'Birds often dominated
play or at least kept the play in
centre ice. Even when the Bears
had control in the 'Birds end they
seemed content to pass around the
box instead of shooting.
UBC started out with a two goal
lead in the first period. Jean Boyd
scored form close in at 7:56 with an
assist from John Jordon and John
Dzus.
At 16:21, a minute after Alberta's
Randy Greg was sent off for in-
terferance, Peter Moyles gave the
'Birds a two-goal edge with help
from Keith Tindle and Bill Ennos.
In the second period UBC held its
own and kept the Bears down to
one goal. This came at 8:09 when
Blair Burgess was left alone in
front and flipped a rebound past
UBC goalie Ian Wilkie.
In the third period the 'Birds
started out in their usual manner;
that is to say they slacked off.
There have been several games
this season when the 'Birds had a
lead going into the third and then
blown it.
This game was no exception. The
Bears got two goals in the first half
of the period to give them a 3-2
lead. Then with two and a half
minutes left UBC's Steve Davis
had a Doug Totenham shot bounce
off his leg and into the goal to tie
the game and send it into overtime.
In the first overtime period the
'Birds were generally in control.
They had many good opportunities
but could not capitalize on them.
The Wingers were often left open
near the Bears blue line and the
UBC centres would give them the
puck. But instead of breaking for
the goal as they should have, the
centres stayed up near the blue line
and the wingers had no one to pass
to.
Shortly into the sudden death
overtime period the Bears almost
wrapped it up. An Alberta player
UBC's Keith Tindle is thwarted by
University of Alberta Golden
Bears goalie Dale Henwood as
Randy Greg annoys him during
Friday's game. Fortunately for
Henwood puck is under his skate.
'Birds won game 4-3 in double
overtime.
"OUTWARD BOUND
TO OUTDOOR COOKERY"
OUTDOOR
RECREATION OPPORTUNITIES
in British Columbia
A CONFERENCE
SATURDAY FEBRUARY 28th
9 a.m. - 4 p.m.
SUB Ballroom UBC
Displays - Speakers
Free Lunch - Films
Pre-registration Students $3.00
(before Feb. 25) Adults $4.50
Mail to:
Outdoor Recreation Conference
c/o Sharon Brown
Vancouver YWCA
580 Burrard Street
Vancouver, B.C.
V6C 2K9
AT THE DOOR Students $3.75
(9-9:30 a.m.) Adults $5.50
b ttai photo
Men's Intramural
TENNIS & SQUASH
TOURNIES
THIS WEEKEND
Sign-up Room 308 War Memorial Gym
CUSO INFORMATION
RENEWABLE
NATURAL RESOURCES
Agriculture - Forestry - Home Economics
* Film and Slide Presentations by Returned Volunteers
* Review of Job Opportunities
7:30 - February 24th., 1976
402-404 International House UBC
took a backhand shot from about 15
feet. Wilkie stopped it but the puck
bounced behind him and landed on
the goal line. Fortunately Wilkie
managed to drop on it before
anyone could push it over.
That was the only real opportunity for either team until
Hendry got the winning goal for
UBC.
Saturday's game was a matter of
who could play the worst. Fortunately for the 'Birds the Bears
managed to win out in this
department.
Both teams passing was terrible
but the Bears' accuracy was far
worse. In fact the Bears managed
to excel in this manner throughout
the game.
Bill Ennos and Bob Sperling each
scored twice for the 'Birds while
Bruce Brill, John Jordon, Moyles,
and Lawrence got singles.
Rick Peterson, Jim Ofrim, and
Brian Sosnowski replied for the
Bears.
The 'Birds take on Saskatchewan
Friday and Saturday and then
Alberta Sunday for their final
games of the season. If the 'Birds
can win two of the road games they
will have a .500 record for the
season.
Wrestling learn dumps
Regina Cougars
ByBOBRAYFIELD
The Thunderbird wrestling team
overwhelmed the University of
Regina Cougars 60-6 in two matches here on Friday and Saturday.
The University of Regina did not
come to Vancouver with a full
team and this proved to be their
greatest weakness.
On Friday, the 'Birds got off to a
quick 24-0 lead because the
Cougars defaulted the first four
matches, costing them six points
for each.
Friday the 'Birds completely
dominated the meet, pinning six
opponents and winning one other
match on a decision. Laverne
Hautz, Regina's best wrestler,
defeated Rob Hansen in UBC's
only loss.
The Saturday meet was more
informal due to Regina's poor
turnout. UBC clearly established
itself as the superior team, winning
all the matches by pins.
One of the more impressive
wrestlers of the dual meet was Ira
Chidlow. He wrestles in the 142-
pound class. Chidlow pinned his
opponents on Friday and Saturday
in two easy victories. He is a strong
and   aggressive   wrestler   and
should do well in the Canada West
championships in Edmonton
Saturday.
On Feb. 7, the 'Birds wrestled in
the B.C. senior wrestling championships against Simon Fraser
University. The UBC team entered
the meet under the name of
Georgia Strait wrestling club, so
coach Bob Laycoe could use some
wrestlers ineligible for collegiate
competition. The SFU team was
renamed the Burnaby Mountain
wrestling club for the same reason.
UBC won the team title 80-77 by
dominating the heavier weight
classes. The strongest performances were by Mike Richey
and Clark Davis. Richey beat Mike
Ma j one of SFU who is ranked third
in Canada. Davis beat John
Newfeld who was the Canadian
junior champion last season.
This weekend UBC defends its
Canada West title in Edmonton.
Last year UBC had little difficulty
winning the title. UBC coach Bob
Laycoe expressed his concern over
the improvement of the Alberta
team. Laycoe said this team would
be the most difficult.
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