UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Dec 2, 2013

Item Metadata


JSON: ubysseynews-1.0128330.json
JSON-LD: ubysseynews-1.0128330-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): ubysseynews-1.0128330-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: ubysseynews-1.0128330-rdf.json
Turtle: ubysseynews-1.0128330-turtle.txt
N-Triples: ubysseynews-1.0128330-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: ubysseynews-1.0128330-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array DECEMBER2,2013 I'
*$£ ,   ^
■;*    *1VS
^   ^ta^-    ^>>'
iW W
-^ i>-
*'^-    •*>•
Ten days ago, a car accident took the lives of two UBC students.
This is the story of the lives they lived and the people they touched. P5
... .V, // Page 2
Ourfriendly neighbourhood
campus radio station CiTR is airing
24-hours of content by student
programmers and AMS clubs.
Held every otheryear, the Faculty
Women's Club hosts this tea and
treats event. Come shop for gifts,
baked goods, secondhand books
and more. For more information
email Kristina at ekristinan@
Getyourholiday shopping done
on campus at the Shop at the
Garden. They're offering a 25 per
cent discount for UBC students
and faculty on all regular priced
merch and 15 percent off books.
Refreshments will be served.
Katherena Vermette's award-winning poetry collection consists of personal and indigenous stories.
| Katherena Vermette wins
Govenor General's award
We took a drive up the Sea to Sky Highway and came across this wreath, placed facing the road in memory ofthe two girls who lost their lives there. Photo by Geoff Lister.
Were on Facebook
Like us on Facebook (facebook.com/
ubyssey) and check out our photos from
last Friday's Polar Bear Swim at Wreck
Beach. It was cold.
Coordinating Editor
Geoff Lister
Managing Editor, Print
Ming Wong
Managing Editor, Web
CJ Pentland
News Editors
Will McDonald +
Sarah Bigam
Senior News Writer
Brandon Chow
Culture Editor
Rhys Edwards
Senior Culture Writer
Aurora Tejeida
Sports + Rec Editor
Natalie Scadden
Senior Lifestyle Writer
Reyhana Heatherington
Features Editor
Amo Rosenfeld
Video Producers
Lu Zhang +
Nick Grossman
Copy Editor
Matt Meuse
Photo Editor
Carter Brundage
Indiana Joel
Graphic Designer
Nena Nguyen
Tony Li
Distribution Coordinator
Lily Cai
Catherine Guan, NickAdams
Kanta Dihal, Marlee Laval,
Angela Tien, Carly Sotas, Alex
Meisner, Luella Sun, Jenny
Mehryar Maalem, Jack Hauen
Kosta Prodanovic, Olivia Law,
JethroAu, Bailey Ramsay,
Jenica Montgomery.Austen
Erhardt, Alice Fleerackers
Nikos Wright
Fernie Pereira
Ad Sales
Ad Sales
Tiffany Tsao
@ubyssey.ca ~
accounts @
Editorial Office:
SO 4.822.2301
Business Office:
Student Union Buildinc
6138 SUB Boulevard ~
Vancouver. BCV6T1Z1
Web: ubyssey.ca
Twitter: ©ubyssey
Ruby Chen
On Nov. 13, UBC MFA candidate Katherena Vermette was
surprised to learn that her debut
poetry collection, North End
Love Songs, was selected as one
ofthe two winners of this year's
Governor General's Literacy
Award for Poetry. The prestigious
$25,000 award recognizes the
best Canadian poetry publication
of the year.
Through a series of personal and indigenous stories,
the Metis writer explores the
beauty of Winnipeg's North End
and issues of identity and culture, and brings readers closer
to the citizens ofthe neighbourhood.
"I was trying to show the
beauty in something that is all
too often not seen as beautiful," said Vermette, a student
in creative writing department.
"I wanted to look deeper into
the margins and bring out those
stories. It is so important that
we know these stories. I wanted
to show that things that appear
broken are still worthy of song."
Although North End Love
Songs speaks to the complex
and difficult subjects of vulnerability, relationships and
belonging, Vermette embraces a
minimalist style.
"I like the word 'sparse.' It
keeps coming up in reviews of
this collection. My poetry is
sparse and no word sits there by
accident. I'm a big fan of short
form poetry and love it when
a poem is just a quick one-two
punch that leaves an echo. That
was my goal."
Art is not a hobby; it's a
vocation. Just because
something doesn't
make a lot of money
doesn't mean it is not
Katherena Vermette
Winner of this year's Governor
General's Literacy Award for
Grateful for receiving Canada's most venerable literacy
honour, Vermette advocates
against the notion that the Canada Council for the Arts' grants
programs are just "funding
hobbies," and further shares her
belief in the arts.
"We need to support our
artists," she said. "Art is not a
hobby; it's a vocation. Just because something doesn't make
a lot of money doesn't mean it is
not valuable. Art is many things
but most importantly it is an
expression of who we are and
what we are here for. That is an
integral part of our cultures and
should be honoured whenever
Vermette is also an active
member ofthe Indigenous Writ
ers Collective, and has worked
extensively with marginalized
groups and at-risk youth to help
them develop the confidence
and skills they need to tell their
own stories.
"Art is also a valuable skill
to have.... Writing, painting or
music teach countless problem
solving and decision making
skills as well as how to be creative. And we can't accomplish
anything without creativity."
According to Vermette, the
far-reaching scope of the arts is
what propels human progress.
"Imagine science without
creativity. Imagine technology
without creativity. Imagine imagining without creativity." 31
2012: Monkey
2011: Killdeer
oy Phil Hall
2010: Boxing t
by Richard Gre
he Con
2009: The Fly
David Zieroth
Tin by
2008: More to
Warm byJaco
2007: All Our \/
avenged by Dc
jn Dorr
The Ubyssey is the official studentnews-
aaper of the Universitv of Rmish Cn-
umbia. It is publish^
andThursdaybyTheUbyssey Publications Society. We are an autonomous,
democratically run student organization, and all students are encouragec
to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Jbyssey staff. They are the expressec
opinion ofthe staff, and do not necessarily reflect the views ofThe Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University
of British Columbia. All editorial content
appearing in The Ubyssey is the property ofThe Ubyssey Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs anc
artwork contained herein cannot be re-
aroduced with out the expressed, written permission ofThe Ubyssey Publications Society.
_etters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature (not for publication) as well as
your year and faculty with all submissions. ID will be checked when submissions are dropped off at the editorial office ofThe Ubyssey; otherwise
verification will be done by phone.
The Ubyssey reserves the right tc
editsubmis: ir length and clar-
ty. All letters must be received by 12
noon the day before intended publication. Letters received after this point
will be published in the following issue unless there is an urgent time restriction or other matter deemed relevant by the Ubyssey staff.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified advertising that if the
Jbyssey Publications Society fails tc
aublish an advertisement or if an er-
'or in the ad occurs the liability ofthe
JPS will not be greater than the price
aaid for the ad. The UPS shall not be
•esponsible for _, ■ ■ angesorty-
aographical errors that do not lessen the value or the impact of the ad.
By the numbers:
number of examination
days (Dec. 4 to Dec. 18)
number of regular print issues
The Ubyssey has left before we
break for winter vacation
number of-special- print issues
The Ubyssey has left before we
break for winter vacation // News
Around 30 people took part in the march on Friday morning.
Students run Elsipogtog solidarity march
Sarah Bigam
News Editor
On Friday morning, 30 people
gathered on campus to march in
solidarity with the Elsipogtog
First Nation.
Since June, the Elsipogtog First
Nation has been protesting SWN
Resources Canada's testing for
shale gas on their land in New
Brunswick. If shale gas is found,
SWN hopes to use frackingto extract it, which the Elsipogtog fear
would harm their land and water.
"This [just] isn't an indigenous
issue, this is an issue that we all
need to pay attention to," said
organizer Shannon Hecker at the
beginning ofthe event.
On Oct. 17, the RCMP raided
a protest site in New Bruns-
UBC study finds new purpose for
brain region
UBC researchers have identified a
small part ofthe brain that may be
responsible for decision making.
A UBC study said a small part of
the brain called the lateral habenula
which was previously connected to
depression may also play a role in
making decisions.
"These findings clarify the brain
processes involved in the important
decisions that we make on a daily
basis, from choosing between job
offers to deciding which house or car
to buy," said UBC psychology professor Stan Floresco. "It also suggests
that the scientific community has
misunderstood the true functioning
of this mysterious, but important,
region ofthe brain."
Research supports controversial asthma treatment
UBC researchers have found that an
asthma treatment previously thought
to be dangerous should stay in use.
The researchers, working along
with the Vancouver Coastal Health
Research institute, found that a
treatment that combines corticosteroids with long-acting beta agonists
to be an effective treatment against
asthma attacks.
"By including so many patients
and oversuch a long period, we have
provided unparalleled evidence
on the safety ofthe combination
therapy," said lead author Mohsen
Sadatsafavi, an assistant professor of
respiratory medicine at UBC. xi
wick and used pepper spray on
demonstrators. Six RCMP cars
were then set on fire and and 40
people were arrested. On Nov. 18,
Justice Judy Clendening ofthe
New Brunswick Court of Queen's
Bench dismissed their bid to stop
SWN's work in the area. Several
protestors have been arrested
since a Nov. 22 injunction which
prohibits protestors from coming within 250 metres of SWN
Resources Canada trucks or 20
metres ofthe side ofthe road
where work is being done.
"There's been a call to action
from Elsipogtog across Canada
asking for people to show solidarity," said Hecker.
Hecker said Friday's march
was in response to arrests last
UBC hosts ceremony
on violence against
Sarah Bigam
News Editor
An event Thursday commemorated the National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence
Against Women.
The annual event was hosted
through a collaboration of groups
from the faculty of Engineering
and UBC, as well as the Sexual
Assault Support Centre. The service
memorialized the 14 young women
who were murdered at l'Ecole Poly-
technique de Montreal in 1989 by
a man who said he hated feminists
and believed women were responsible for his failure to be accepted to
the school. The event, attended by
about 75 people, also recognized all
women who have been victims of
gender-based violence.
"The recent events on campus
remind us that violence against
women is still a reality in our society
today," said Engineering Undergraduate Society (EUS) President
Andrea Palmer.
The memorial opened with a
speech from Hans Seidemann, an
integrated engineering student and
former VP communications and
administration for the EUS.
He addressed his message to the
men in attendance.
"For me to speak to women about
violence against women... would be
hypocritical. I've never been told
that I couldn't walk home alone at
"Police should not be used to
protect the interests of corporations, and this is on unceded
Mi'kmaq territory," she said. "It
goes against aboriginal rights
that have been upheld in supreme
The event, organized by the
UBC Social Justice Centre,
began outside the RCMP station
on campus near the fraternity
village. Attendees then marched
up the road on Wesbrook Mall
singing and chanting.
"The government is
heavy-handing the protestors [in
New Brunswick] and I think it's
totally wrong what they're doing
over there," said attendee Clarence Abrahams. "It's our right
to protest and they're arresting
them over there.... Soon, we're
going to have no clean water, and
water is so important to us."
An RCMP escort followed behind to direct traffic off the road.
Some marchers formed a drum
circle in the intersection between
Wesbrook Mall and University
Boulevard. Marchers then went
up University Boulevard through
the bus loop and formed a second
drum circle in front of the SUB.
The march continued through
the SUB and onto Maclnnes Field
where Gordon Christie, director
ofthe indigenous legal studies
program, spoke.
"Protesting isn't super fun to
do necessarily ... but the point is
that people feel this is important enough that they need to
come walk down the street with
a sign," said Hilary Somerville,
who recently moved to Vancouver and found out about the event
through its Facebook page.
Crystal Smith De Molina,
a UBC student who will be
graduating with a bachelor
of education in August, said
she was there on behalf ofthe
Elsipogtog people as well as her
Gitga'at community, and for her
two children.
"When you have the aboriginal
people in New Brunswick being
arrested for protesting, that's a
violation of rights, and so I don't
want that happening to my children when they start doing this,
because this is a life-long battle
and I'm sure it's not going end
any time soon.
"People just don't understand.
They don't hear about it because
the media constantly tries to portray what the government wants
them [to do] — so us as rebels, us
as terrorists even, this constant
betrayal by the media and by the
government when truly we're
just human beings. We're just
people that care about the future
for our children and for future
generations after them."
The SJC is hosting another
march on Monday, Dec. 2. It will
begin at Main and Hastings at 5
p.m. and will end at Waterfront
Station at 7 p.m. XI
Grad class to
donate scultpure
The memorial took place on Thursday.
night if I wanted to be safe," said
"When someone says they're
fighting feminism, they're fighting to preserve a world where
women are considered inherently
lesser than men. And that culture
of inequality that they're trying
to preserve, that culture is the
real killer," he said. He urged
men to challenge this culture.
Dory Nason, an assistant
professor in First Nations studies
and English, spoke about the relationship between gender-based
violence and violence against
First Nations people.
"Gender violence is not a
given. In fact, colonialism is not
a given. We have the tools: our
minds, our heart, our ability to
love and our commitment as
people here today to ... [build] a
better relationship built in the
wake of violence, but not beholden to it," said Nason.
CJ Rowe, diversity adviser for
women with UBC Access and Diversity, was one ofthe organizers of
the event.
Rowe read out the names ofthe
14 women as 14 roses were laid out
in the courtyard by members ofthe
Alpha Omega Epsilon sorority.
Rowe announced that the courtyard behind the Wayne and William
Wright Engineering Design Centre,
where the memorial was being held,
will be turned into a permanent
memorial site within the next two
years. 14 trees will be planted and a
plaque setup in the area.
"I think it's always important to
make time, to take time to remember the tragedies that have happened in our societies and reflect on
what we could do differently," she
On Dec. 6, which marks the day
the 14 women were killed, there will
be a candlelight vigil from 11 a.m. to
3 p.m. in the SUB. XI
Marine Drive residence will play host to
the new work of art, if approved.
Milica Palinic
The graduating class of 2013 hopes
to give the university a new sculpture called "When Women Rise"
as their class gift.
The project is headed by Mike
Silley, who was on the graduating
class council for two years and
graduated in 2013 with a BA in
sociology. Silley kept in contact
throughout the years with the
artist, Mehrdad Robert Rahbar,
and after 14 months of work and
half a year after graduating, they
have almost reached their goal.
The sculpture will feature five
women holding a globe, and is
planned to be placed in the Marine Drive Commons area. The
sculpture is supposed to represent the struggle, unity, determination and hope for all women
who suffer from inequality,
disrespect, and who are fighting
for freedom.
The piece is meant to be
symbolic, from the five women
representing five continents to
the use of a dove inside the bars
ofthe globe, representing women
attempting to flee from inequality and suffering. Ranhar said the
globe is the strongest metaphor,
chosen to bond the women
together and to represent universal unity and human culture.
Rahbar said the goal of
the piece to engage students,
especially when it comes to
male participation in women's
equality. "Men are bystanders
and watching what is happening
to women," he said. "We want
people to talk about it.
"I think it will encourage more
men to get involved with this
kind of discussion."
Karen Russell, manager development services for campus
and committee planning, hopes
the project will get approved for
construction. The public open
house, hosted on Nov. 27, was
for the developmental application which is needed to approve
the project.
Grad class gifts have typically been less creative options, such as donated trees.
Silley said he wanted to do
something different.
Dhruv Iyer, a fourth-year forestry student, attended the open
house for the sculpture. "I think
it's a great idea," he said. "It's
perfect for what's happening in
the world right now." XI // Sports + Rec
UBC students take the plunge at Wreck Beach
Polar bear swim to celebrate last day of classes attracts approximately 300
Natalie Scadden
Sports + Rec Editor
Roughly 300 UBC students may
have started a new annual campus
tradition on Friday afternoon
when they took the plunge into the
cold waters off of Wreck Beach.
"UBC has more room for traditions," said Rob Morton, leader
of TheCalendar.ca, the group that
came up with the idea of hosting
a polar bear dip on the last day of
classes — the first of its kind to be
held by UBC students.
"We want more school spirit.
We want to give people reasons to
have something to look forward
to, basically," Morton said. "Right
now there's kind of nothing that
happens at the end of first semester, and the idea is, 'Hey, why
not also celebrate the end of first
semester.' You're still done classes,
you're finishing everything up. It
only takes an hour."
The event started with all
the participants lined up on
the beach screaming a countdown from 10. "100 per cent, the
countdown was the best part,"
said Morton. "The second best
part was after diving in the water
and looking back up just seeing
white water everywhere, and
people screaming and dancing
and holding onto each other. This
is pretty rad."
For Emilia Oscilowicz, who
grew up in Las Vegas, it was the
coldest water she had ever been in.
"I heard about it on Facebook and
pretty much I just decided I'm a
first-year, I gotta do crazy stuff, so
let's just do it."
Her friend Aiyanna Ander-
son-MacIsaac had planned on
heading down to the beach just to
watch, but was quickly convinced
to join in.
"Emilia was getting ready in her
room at Vanier, and I came over
and she convinced me to get into
the water and wear a ridiculous
outfit," said Anderson-Maclsaac.
"I was just going to watch, but it
didn't take much convincing. I
think deep down I really wanted
to do it."
Both ofthe girls agreed the
water wasn't as cold as they had
expected. "I put my toes in and I
thought I was going to die, but I
went in and I probably could've
swam around for a little while,"
Anderson-Maclsaac said.
"That was so much fun. I would
do it a million times over again,"
said Oscilowicz.
Morton and his group held a
brainstorming meeting in the
hopes of creating more free events
on campus that everyone can get
behind. "[This] was a product
of that brainstorming session,"
he said.
Originally, Morton wanted to
get between 100 and 200 people
to participate. But when the event
reached over 400 people on Face-
book in the first day, he realized
it was going to be a bigger deal. At
that point, he communicated with
the AMS, the Vancouver Parks
Board and the local police, who
were all on hand for the swim.
For student John Peat, swimsuits
were out ofthe question. "I was
telling the guys, if we're doing this,
we're doing it naked," he said.
Peat and his friend Christopher
Dedecko were awarded prizes
for having both the best costume
and being the "most naked."
Both of them dressed up as a
naked Santa Claus wearing rainbow-coloured leis.
"I have never done a polar bear
dip, so I didn't really know what
to expect," said Dedecko. "I knew
it was going to be cold, but other
than that I just went into it with
an open mind. It's the last day of
classes, I'm just looking for something fun to do."
Morton was pleased with how
the polar bear swim turned out
and said his group will be organizing it again next year with the
hopes of it growing even bigger;
the Polar Bear Swim at English
Bay on Jan. 1 attracted over 2,200.
"It was perfect. Not too crazy —
like, the police are happy, so we're
happy. Everyone had a good time.
People are cold, but they've got big
smiles on their faces and everyone's fired up." XI
Above: Rob Morton poses before the countdown. Below: students run into the cold waters off of Wreck Beach.
Women's hockey 'Birds head into break as best in Canada West
Jenny Tang
The UBC women's hockey team
benefitted from powerplays on
Saturday night, even if they weren't
their own.
UBC completed a weekend sweep
ofthe University of Lethbridge
Pronghorns with a 3-0 shutout
victory. Melissa Goodwin scored the
winner in the second period, capitalizing on a five-on-three advantage when two Lethbridge players
were sent to the penalty box. The
insurance goals came in the third
period from Stephanie Payne and
Tatiana Rafter, both shorthanded.
"I'm really proud ofthe girls and
it's a really good way to finish the
break — to go off on a high [like
this]," said UBC head coach Graham
Thomas, who praised his team's
efforts this semester. "We kind of
needed that win — that win was
big, I think. I'm really happy with
where we're at [and] we're definitely
working hard."
With five penalties to kill in the
second period alone and nine in
total, Pronghorn goaltender Crystal
Patterson was kept busy on Saturday
night, stopping 43 out of 46 shots.
While she faced just half as
many shots, UBC's Danielle Dube
managed to keep a clean sheet with
23 saves. A notable save from Dube
came in the third period after she
had lost her stick. Christi Capozzi
quickly lent hers, but was left using
her body to block shots in the defensive end. She knocked one slapshot
down with her hands, and Dube
was able to rob the Pronghorns on
the rebound shot with a wicked
glove save.
Less than two minutes into the
third period, UBC won a faceoff in
their offensive zone while on a penalty kill, and Stephanie Payne was
able to fire a slapshot from the blue
line that increased the lead to two.
The Pronghorns were looking
desperate in the third. Things
became feisty when T-Bird Sarah
Casorso found herself being
stomped on by Pronghorn Sadie
Lenstra. Casorso fought back, leading to Lenstra's helmet coming off
on the ice. Teammates and referees
stepped in to break up the spat, and
both players served two-minute
roughing penalties, continuing to
yell at each other from inside their
respective boxes.
Despite their aggressive strategies, the Pronghorns were unable
to get any goals back. With under
four minutes remaining, they gave
up another shorthanded goal as
Nikola Brown-John's pass was hammered in by Rafter in the slot. Rafter
continues to lead the conference
with 11 goals and 20 points.
The Thunderbirds celebrated
their 12th win, and head into the
Christmas break as the best team in
Canada West with a 12-3-1 record.
With 12 regular season games remaining, and no opponents they haven't already faced, UBC will need
to go just .500 to top their win total
from last season, their best ever.
In comparison to a tense Friday night game that ended with
Capozzi's winner in the sixth round
ofthe shootout to give the 'Birds a
come-from-behind 2-1 win, Thomas
was happier with Saturday's result.
"It's nice to see a couple of
different goal scorers," he said.
"[The first period] could have been
better for sure, that's what the
Melissa Goodwin (86) celebrates her game-winning goal on Saturday night.
stats will say, [but] those penalty
kills were really good. We'll keep
working hard in the second half
to where we want to get to ... and
we're going to work hard over the
break, we have training programs
... and we'll need to get back after
enjoying the time off and refocus,
refuel and re-energize."
UBC's next regular season game
will be Jan. 3 in Calgary. They'll
return to Thunderbird Arena to
face off against Regina on Jan. 10
at 7 p.m. XI II Features
A bend in
A Jeep Grand Cherokee carrying four UBC students lost control going around this turn on a stretch of the Sea to Sky Highway about five kilometres north of Lions Bay. The crash occurred on a
section of the highway with no divider in the median. The mayors of Lions Bay and Squamish are now calling for a divider to be built.
When Valentine Leborgne and Olivia Robertson died on the Sea to Sky Highway,
their friends were left with memories of their love, caring nature and infectious optimism
By Arno Rosenfeld
The Sea to Sky Highway
hugs the British Columbia
coastline and makes for one
ofthe most beautiful drives in the
country. But over the past 30 years,
it has become a major transit
corridor not only for visitors to
Whistler, but also for the increasing number of people living in
Squamish and other cities north
ofthe Lower Mainland. As far
back as the 1980s, the provincial
government has called for widening the entire highway to four
lanes. Finally, after years during
which the highway had double the
fatality rate ofthe provincial average, the route was given a major
overhaul in 2009 to prepare for the
coming Vancouver 2010 Olympics.
Six hundred million dollars
went to widening the highway,
repaving and flattening rises and
dips. Now, much ofthe road is a
roomy four-lane highway with
wide shoulders, a thick median with a concrete barrier and
viewpoints for drivers to stop and
admire the landscape.
But some stretches ofthe Sea
to Sky remain two-lane ribbons of
road, carving twisty turns into the
side ofthe mountain along which
they run. Before sunrise two
Saturdays ago, four UBC students
were driving to Whistler when
their car lost control going around
a bend in just such a stretch ofthe
Sea to Sky, crossed the median
and collided with an oncoming
pickup truck.
The stretch of road where
the crash occurred, about five
kilometres north of Lions Bay,
did not receive the full "Cadillac"
treatment the rest ofthe highway
had during the massive renovations over the last decade, and thus
remained an undivided two lanes.
"It's a pretty rough little section
of road," said Francis Navin, a
UBC professor emeritus who
specializes in highway design and
traffic safety. "I think if they'd
have gone to four lanes, it would
have probably taken double the
It also could have saved the lives
ofthe two second-year students
who died when their Jeep crossed
the median.
"If there'd been a median
barrier, if the car carrying the students northbound wandered and
hit the barrier, the odds are that it
would have just been sent off up
the road," Navin said.
The night before the accident, Jack Edgar slept at his
girlfriend Valentine's house.
Early that morning, he kissed her
goodbye and fell back asleep.
Valentine Leborgne climbed
into the back seat of her housemate Olivia Robertson's Jeep for a
day trip to Whistler with friends
Rachael Stronach, another housemate, and Savannah Vogt.
Valentine was new to skiing,
having taken it up as a winter
counterpart to her blossoming
love of sailing in the warmer
months. Now that she was living
in a house full of dedicated
skiers and had access to a car,
it was easier to get to Whistler,
one ofthe country's premier
skiing destinations.
Olivia had a bit more experience
on the slopes, but was also taking
this year as a chance to get to the
snow more often. In her first few
months at UBC, Olivia, who grew
up in a southern Ontario town
perched on Georgian Bay, baffled
her British Columbian friends
when she would say she came from
a "mountain town."
"She'd be like, 'Oh, I'm from
Collingwood, it's a mountain town
in Ontario,'" recalled Rachael,
one of Olivia's best friends, with
a laugh. "Do you know Ontario
at all? In terms of mountains, we
don't have them — we have tiny,
sloped hills."
Since arriving on the West
Coast, however, Olivia had taken
to the slopes. She and Rachael
were in the mountains last
spring when they got the call
from the landlord confirming
that they had gotten the house
with Valentine and her two
friends, Neha Archarya-Patel and
Jacquie Ballantyne.
While Valentine and Olivia
had moved in occasionally overlapping social circles during their
first year at university, the two
sets of friends hardly knew each
other until they found themselves living in the standalone
house, tucked behind a row of
shrubs on a pretty Kerrisdale
street. It would prove to be a
match made in heaven.
"We were like a family — that's
actually what it was," Neha said.
Among the housemates, there
is consensus that Valentine and
Olivia were the mothers, while
Neha, Jacquie and Rachael
played the role of rambunctious children. Two kittens,
King Louis and Chihiro, also fit
in somewhere.
"[Olivia] was always so worried about me, you know? She
always watched over and kept an
eye," said Rachael, who is still
in hospital recovering from her
injuries. After her death, Neha
realized Olivia was the sole
housemate with the landlord's
phone number.
(continued on p. 6)
"We were like a
family — that's
actually what it
was. FEATURES    I    MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 2013
The first 911 call was placed
at 7:23 a.m., Nov. 23.
A few hours later, Jack
woke up. A job interview, a school
project. Then, all at once, it
seemed, it came at him. He talked
to a friend who mentioned people
were having trouble getting onto
the slopes because a car accident
had shut down the highway.
Two minutes later, Jacquie
called him from Whistler.
"Hey, have you heard from
the giris? They're not up here yet
and they should be," Jack recalls
her saying.
He tried the women's cellphones. No answer. Jacquie had
heard from someone on the lift
that one ofthe cars in the accident
responsible for the traffic snarl
on the highway had Washington
license plates, the same as Olivia's Jeep.
Still, that was just coming from
someone on the lift, and Jack, a skier himself, knew that people on the
lift say lots of things. He looked up
news about the crash on his phone.
Jack found an article. It said the
Jeep was carrying four girls, ages
19 to 20. Two were dead and two
were in the hospital. The Jeep had
Washington plates.
"I've never felt such a feeling of
anxiety," Jack said. "I just needed
to know. I needed to know what
was going on — if it was them."
Jack met Valentine in September of last year in the forest behind Totem Park, overlooking the
cliffs. They met in the dark and
bonded over a mellow electronic
track Jack played on his phone as
the two walked back to Totem:
"Finally Moving" by Pretty
Lights, which samples lyrics from
Flo Rida: "Oh, sometimes I get a
feeling that I've never, ever, ever
had before."
Jack and Valentine grew closer
over the next couple months, some
nights retreating to their rooms to
stay up talking for hours. Valentine was born in Paris and lived
Above: candles were lit on the stairs ofthe
Below: a wreath placed at the scene of the
Chan Centre following the memorial for Olivia and Valentine last Monday,
crash on the Sea to Sky Highway, about five kilometres north of Lions Bay.
"That's why Valentine
made so many friends:
everyone was like, 'Wow,
this chick wants to talk to
me, this chick thinks I'm
in France until she was five. She
spent a year in Scotland before her
family settled in Los Altos, a tony
northern California suburb in the
heart of Silicon Valley. She thought
of herself as a third culture kid,
growing up outside of her parents'
native France and acutely aware of
the world around her.
Valentine was also in touch with
her French roots, and would meet
up with her "Frenchies" from time
to time to speak the language and
cook French food. Her iPhone was
also set to French.
"I know how to work iPhones
pretty well, but sometimes I'd get
frustrated and do the wrong thing
and be like, 'Seriously, like, put this
in English,'" Jack recalled with a
laugh. "And she's like, 'No, no, it's
good for practice!'"
Valentine's awareness of world
made her an eager student. She
would come home and read her
notes aloud to friends, pointing out
the most interesting points from
the day's lectures.
"The word she always used was
'stimulated,'" Jack said.
Human behaviour in particular
stimulated Valentine. An evolutionary psychology course she
was taking this term turned her
toward a psych major, and just
two weeks ago she finalized a
second-term schedule loaded with
psychology courses.
Beyond academics, Jack recalled a
running joke about
her future career. She
fantasized about being either "a baker's
wife" or a pharmacist
— in Europe, that is,
where she remembered the personal
service at the pharmacy and the role a
local bakery plays as a
conduit for communal interaction.
"She wanted to do
something where she
was interacting personally with people,
nothing superficial
or behind a desk,"
Jack said.
The eagerness
with which she dove into her
studies, the ceaseless extroversion coupled with a doting quality
toward those around her, made
Valentine a compelling force.
According to those close to her, she
had a way of making people feel
tremendously important.
"That's why she made so many
friends: everyone was like, 'Wow,
this chick wants to talk to me,
this chick thinks I'm cool!'" said
Natasha Mobbs. "If you ever told
her something you were excited
about yourself, she would be like,
'That is so awesome!' — she got
excited for you."
Valentine was remembered as
incredibly humble, with strong
convictions of her own, but loath
to judge others for doing things she
found distasteful.
"She wanted to help you out.
That was basically the only time
she would give you shit for stuff,"
Natasha said.
Almost 12 hours after the
accident, Jack got in touch
with Valentine's father.
Jack had spent the day calling
local hospitals trying to locate
Valentine and Olivia. He could
only find Rachael and Savannah, and the news reports were
clear: two ofthe four women had
died on the Sea to Sky. He got on
the phone with Valentine's best
friend in California who then
dialed Valentine's father and
broke some version ofthe news.
"He called me right after and
was like, 'Jack, what's going
on? Is Valentine alright?' And I
had to tell him," Jack recalled.
"It just sucks so much to have
broken their hearts that way."
Olivia's family did not learn
their daughter had died until
Sunday afternoon, and even then,
it wasn't from law enforcement.
"I'm really disappointed in
the RCMP," Jack said. "[Olivia's]
mother went to bed that night
thinking she had a daughter and
I just think that's really horrible.
I don't know what the RCMP
[were] waiting for."
RCMP did not respond to multiple requests for comment on the
delay in notifying the women's
next of kin.
Two days after the crash,
hundreds of UBC students,
faculty and off-campus
friends would descend on the
Chan Centre for a memorial for
Valentine and Olivia organized
by Valentine's father, a family
friend and Jack.
A few minutes after the memorial's scheduled start time,
UBC VP Students Louise Cowin
and Faculty of Arts dean Gage
Averill accompanied Valentine
and Olivia's parents into the
building. Hundreds of students,
who had been waiting mostly in
silence, quietly parted ways to
allow the procession through.
Backpacks lined the floor
against the wall and longboards
laid beneath the empty coat rack.
The laughs and smiles that came
as Valentine and Olivia's family
and friends recounted their
favourite memories ofthe women
were occasionally punctuated by
tears, even on the periphery of
the audience.
The overwhelming takeaway
from the memories shared at the
event was that Valentine and
Olivia were both, as one mourner
put it, taps for the world's supply
of positive energy.
"The worst part is that both
these girls were in such healthy
states," Jack said later. "Such
good places. They were on the
right track, 200 per cent."
A common refrain at the memorial was how many new faces
close friends ofthe women were
seeing. Several people took the
stage to remember Valentine or MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 2013    |    FEATURES
Photos clockwise from top left: Olivia; Jack and Valentine; Rachael Valentine and Olivia:
"the family" of five housemates, Olivia, Rachael, Neha, Jacquie and Valentine; nearly six
feet tall, Olivia played competitive volleyball in high school and on a REC team at UBC.
Olivia, prefacing their remarks
with the fact that they had only
met them once or maybe twice.
Valentine and Olivia, it seems,
left the world at a point of
prime happiness.
"I would feel worse if I had felt
like they weren't at the best place
in life," Natasha said. "They had
just been doing so much, so good
at everything, so loving."
Like Valentine, Olivia loved
people, and while university had opened her eyes
to many ofthe world's ills, it had
also cultivated a desire in her to
make things better.
"Changing the world is really
what she wanted to do," Rachael
said. "She really wanted to tackle
"The worst part is that
both these girls were in
such healthy states. Such
good places. They were on
the right track, 200 per
the core of a lot of issues. She
wanted people to be more aware.
She wanted to move people out of
their ignorance."
To that end, Olivia was studying human geography with an
eye toward NGO work in the
future. A service trip to Jamaica
in Grade 10, where she worked
with local children, set her on a
course that was reinforced once
she got to UBC.
"She had a really strong
connection to the kids, so she
just saw that for her future,"
said Rachael, who met Olivia in
her first days at UBC. "She saw
herself helping people who really
needed it."
Olivia had a strong personality and confidence that could be
mesmerizing, impacting even
those in her classes. Increasingly interested in meditation and
Eastern spirituality, Olivia was
taking an Asian religions class
taught by professor Peter Nosco,
a course Neha said was one of
her favourites.
"Olivia was an excellent and
well-liked student who made
the course better for everyone,"
Nosco wrote in an email.
In the first class following
her death, Nosco held a moment
of silence which affected one
student so much that she had to
be consoled by several classmates
until she stopped weeping. Another two students left the room
to compose themselves.
Olivia was taking full advantage ofthe fun Vancouver had to
offer after a lifetime in a quiet
Ontario town. Enamoured of reg
gae and dancehall
music, Olivia was
a vivacious dancer
and loved heading to the clubs on
Friday nights.
"She's actually
like a crazy girl,"
Neha said. "She's a
really good time."
Natasha, one of
Valentine's best
friends from first
year, first got to
know Olivia this
year, but quickly
realized how much
fun she was to
be around.
"She was so good
at making you feel
like you're having a
good time no matter
what," Natasha said, recalling a
Ski and Board Club party earlier
this year. "She was dancing on
the speakers, got me and Val both
up, it was like — this does not
normally happen, but she did it."
A competitive volleyball
player throughout high school,
Olivia cast a striking figure at
nearly six feet tall, and had an
irresistible confidence.
"She's a confident, beautiful
girl," Rachael said with a smile.
"She's a supermodel, that one."
Aside from skiing, Olivia
enjoyed being outdoors. She was
working with Rachael at the cafe
at Van Dusen Botanical Gardens
this term and would spend her
lunch break wandering the gardens. During reading week last
year, Olivia and Rachael went to
"Olivia was so good at
making you feel like you're
having a good time no matter what. [One time] she was
dancing on the speakers, got
me and Val both up, it was
like — this does not normally happen, but she did
Cabo San Lucas in Mexico, and
Rachael said she had never seen
Olivia as happy as she was lounging on the beach.
"She was just totally at peace.
She loved having her feet in the
sand," Rachael said with a smile,
and then paused. "It's too bad.
We had plans to go there this
If someone had seen only
a fleeting snapshot ofthe
smaller gathering of close
friends, held two days after the
Chan Centre event at the Kerrisdale house where the women
lived, they could be forgiven for
confusing it with a party. College
kids sprawled on couches and the
floor, standing in clusters, moving through the house. And while
there was no music throbbing, it
was not an entirely solemn affair.
The flip side of losing friends
when they are at their most vital
is that one need not reach far into
the memory banks to celebrate
what made them special.
In a quieter area ofthe house,
Jack, Neha and Natasha reflected on the lives of Valentine
and Olivia, sitting on the carpet
around a low-lying table littered
with the detritus of student life:
spare papers, a half-burned candle, an empty Mason jar, a crumb
here and there.
The house was big, the walls
covered with posters, clothes
draped on the furniture and
shoes piled by the front door. But
trappings of college life aside,
what had made the house home
was the family of girls.
"Our cats are acting really
weird," Neha said. "They didn't
eat for a long time. They're being
really more tolerant of affection
and also being more affectionate."
King Louis and Chihiro are
foster kittens — Rachael's idea
eventually carried out, naturally,
by Olivia.
"Lou was lying in front of
Val's door purring — like really
weirdly purring, really loud. And
staring at me," Natasha said.
Everyone seems to recognize
that things have changed at the
house. "They were in charge of
basically everything. Like, it's
kind of shit," Neha said.
"We've got to start over." XI 8    I    SPORTS + REC    I    MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 2013
Paul Clerc knows how to get ahead
Nick Adams
The success of athletes, as a rule of
thumb, ends once they get off the
pitch, rink or court; the dumb jock
stereotype still has traction for a
reason. However, there are plenty
athletes at UBC who work hard to
dispel that myth, and soccer player
Paul Clerc is one of them.
UBC's winner ofthe Governor
General's Academic All-Canadian
Commendation is surprisingly not
German, even though his packed
schedule might suggest otherwise.
Clerc, on top of all his other abilities, actually speaks French.
"My dad is actually from
France. So I spent a couple years
in France when I was four to six,"
Clerc said.
Clerc's mom, however, is from
Vancouver Island. His parents met
in what we can only assume was
a Before Sunrise-esque fashion,
eventually planting their feet in
Coquitlam. Because they still have
family in France, they visit often.
"My dad and I always speak
French. Not quite Parisian, but
French style. It's more like eastern
Growing up in Coquitlam gave
Clerc the opportunity to play soccer at a high level.
"At about the age of 11,1 transferred to the Coquitlam Metro
Soccer Club and essentially stayed
with that team for the next eight
years," said Clerc. The connection
between the group of guys lead
them to achieve success throughout their youth career, something
that would set the bar for Clerc in
the years to come.
"We made it to provincials four
times. Twice we were playing a
year up [from our age group]. We
weren't playing the highest level,
just under that."
The team won gold both times,
setting them up for a bigger stage.
As they came into their last year
of youth soccer together, they won
provincials again and, because
this time they were playing at the
highest level, made it to nationals.
"It was the final year that we could
Paul Clerc scored seven headers this season to help the UBC men's soccer team win it's second consecutive CIS national
championship, and was recently recognized as a top eight Academic All-Canadian.
win." And win they did. It was
Clerc's first taste of national success, but it wouldn't be his last.
For most people rejection is
a deterrent. But for Clerc, it's
simply a reminder to work harder.
After winning nationals, he got
rejected by the provincial team. "I
bore a bit of a grudge about that,"
Clerc laughed.
As a result, he decided to join
the Whitecaps summer youth
league team which gave him some
international experience down in
Florida. Oh, and they won down
there too.
For such a prolific winner, Clerc
has a pretty clear idea when it
comes to his favourite victories.
"It's very close between the [national championship] this year and
the one last year. The one this year
was a bit more hard-fought to win
while the one last year stood out to
be a dominating performance," he
said modestly.
To be honest, both were dominating performances. The team
now has two national titles, and
only one loss in the last 45 games.
In that time, Clerc has managed to
slot in 12 goals — all with his head
— and play more minutes than any
other player on the team. He did
all this while still maintaining a
social life, and a successful one
at that.
"Outside of soccer and school,
I try to spend the remaining time
with friends. During the season
I don't get as much time to hang
out," said Clerc. During the school
year, he works at the UBC pool
as a lifeguard supervisor and
teaches a spin class for seniors at
Body Works.
"It's interesting because it's
for people 65 and older. Initially
I tried to temper it a bit, and each
time they asked me to push them
and push them and push them,"
Clerc said, laughing. Perhaps the
resilience of a tougher, older generation has rubbed off a bit.
Clerc's ambitions don't seem
to have an end in sight. "The plan
right now is to take a bunch of
prerequisites that I need to apply
for medicine. As long as I keep my
grades high enough, I can make
the application to med school."
Apart from being a well-rounded and all-around nice guy, Clerc
has a mentality that sets him up
for success.
"One thing that was quite nice
to see after coming back from
nationals was that, although I'd
missed a lot of lectures, I still
understood most ofthe material
in class. I don't know what that
says and I'm not sure you can take
anything out of that, but it probably has a factor with how my life
has been through university so far.
There's a big focus on the athletics
part, and then all the other stuff
just kind of falls into place."
Chalking success up to fate is
the mark of a humble, yet prepared, person. Clerc's ability to
juggle classes, friends, soccer and
work is inspiring, and something
we can all learn from. XI
Men's hockey (5-10-1)
Friday @ LETH: 9-2 W
Saturday® LETH: 3-1W
Women's basketball (7-3
Friday® UFV: 56-54 W
Saturday® UFV: 71-43 L
Men's basketball (4-6)
Friday® UFV: 69-62 L
Saturday® UFV: 71-63 L
Women's volleyball (12-C
Friday® REG:3-2 W
Saturday® REG: 3-0"'
Men's volleyball (9-3)
Friday® REG:3-0W
Saturday ©REG: 3-0"""
Simon Fraser University offers Canada's most
dynamic Master's degree in Urban Studies.
• Build your understanding of urban sustainability
• Apply your insights in the heart of western Canada's
largest metropolis
• Gain rGSGarch experience while Gxploring important
urban issues
• Practice your skills in building a better city
This program enables you to learn about planning, local
politics, and urban development, earning a degree in as
little as two years.
It also allows you to work up to full-time while pursuing your
studies. Courses are held on weekday evenings at SFU's
campus in downtown Vancouver.
Application deadline: February 10, 2014.
Visit our website for further information.
Tatiana Rafter
Her 11 goals and 20 points are both tops in Canada West women's hockey, and her team boasts the best record, too. On top of
that, her latest goal was shorthanded, and she's flying off to Italy
to represent Canada. Not bad.
Men's Volleyball
Theirfemale counterparts are undefeated
and have been ranked first in the country all
season, butthe UBC men's volleyball team
have quietly put together a 9-3 first half. They
dispatched Regina twice this weekend without losing a set, and have won five straight.
Women's Basketball
They finally snapped their losing skid, and did so in
a big way. On Friday, they exploded for a 9-2 victory,
and on Saturday, goalie Steven Stanford stopped
33 of 34 shots to complete the weekend sweep of Men's Hockey
Lethbridge. Still, they need five more wins just to get
UBC took down the CIS
number-six UFV Cascades
in their own gym on Friday
night. However, they were
ice cold the following night,
making justfourshots in
the entire first half en route
to a 71-43 blowout loss.
After making only 36 per cent of their shots on Friday night in Fraser Valley, UBC dropped to 32.4 per
cent on Saturday, allowing the Cascades to sweep
the series with a 13-1 run over an eight-minute span
in the fourth quarter.
Men's Basketball
NOT II Culture
Vancouver's Disneyland
Playing with LEGO and getting boozed at FUSE
Rhys Edwards
Culture Editor
The Walt Disney Corporation is
a global enterprise. From Hong
Kong to Anaheim, millions of
people across the world take the
sacred pilgrimage to its hotels,
parks and resorts in order to
experience its particular brand of
globalized Happiness.
Now, Vancouver can count
itself among the corporation's
newest locales.
Thanks to the Vancouver Art
Gallery's FUSE night, which has
been running monthly since 2005,
cultured socialites have been regularly indulging in a playland of live
music, performances, food, alcohol
and art amid some ofthe city's finest
cultural provisions.
Granted, Mickey is conspicuously
absent from the proceedings, but
that doesn't mean he isn't here in
spirit. Much like the adoring milieu
at Disneyland — who are, ostensibly,
granted access to the living heart of
the world's best known fairy tales —
attendees similarly delighted in the
spectacular confluence of local cultural heavyweights at last Friday's
FUSE event, subtitled "Crowd Studies." Included among them were
subversive artist's collective Instant
Coffee, Western Front vocal artist
DB Boyko, world-renown interdisciplinary artist Kimsooja, and
Vancouver's own Prince Charming,
Douglas Coupland, among lesser
These performances
were hyperbolic
reflections of FUSE'S
own pedagogy:
amid the guise of luxury,
desire and culture.
There is one principal difference
between Disneyland and FUSE: the
latter is tinged with a degree of postmodern introspection, though, like
Disneyland, everything is bracketed
in a context of performance, excess
and entertainment.
For instance, Kimsooja staged
her piece Beggar Woman, in which
14 performers seated themselves
on the stairs to the second floor
ofthe gallery, each with one hand
outstretched, ready to receive alms.
Unlike the real-life homeless sitting
outside in the rain, gallery-goers
paid close attention to the performers; it seemed as if Sooja was trying
to invert, live, the disproportionate
level of attention relegated to the
world's high and low social classes.
But since this inversion was essentially a form of entertainment, it's
difficult to speak to its efficacy.
The same canbe said for Instant
Coffee's live installation, Puff Puff
which followed Sooja's presentation
on the ground floor, as well as Dirty
Laundry Creations' Dinner Parties
on the fourth floor. In the former,
a man and a woman dressed for
a cocktail party rotated around a
series of gaudy ashtrays, endlessly
exchanging cigarettes, $20 bills and
witty repartee; in the latter, visitors
were welcomed into a fictional dinner party, where "guests" held up
cardboard cocktail glasses and every
plate was either empty or filled with
carrot and potato shavings.
Both of these performances were
hyperbolic reflections of FUSE'S
own pedagogy: relationship-building amid the guise of luxury, desire
and culture.
There was, however, an exception
to the pattern: Douglas Coupland's
Brick Lounge, in which visitors were
invited to build LEGO towers with
the artist himself in preparation for
his solo show at the VAG next year.
After a Disneyland-length lineup,
visitors were able to drink beer and
share building techniques in the
lounge, all under the discerning
gaze of Coupland.
"I really want to get people who
are involved in Vancouver's visual
communities who maybe feel excluded or don't feel like what they do
is valid or relevant," said Coupland,
referring to his collaboration with
the Vancouver LEGO Club for
the event.
"Everyone just wants to be a part
of [the VAG]" he added. "It is the
city's art gallery, and there's nothing
worse than feeling excluded."
Several days prior, Coupland had
run the event for children as well.
Coupland hopes to combine all the
towers together for his show, as a
massive crowd-sourced project.
The atmosphere of congeniality, as
well as the emphasis on the playful
bridging of age gaps, lent an earnestness to the night which was otherwise lacking (Coupland himself
expressed concerns about FUSE'S
popularity among "hipsters").
In line with the Brick Lounge's
community-based approach to
art-making, Coupland also mentioned that he felt the amalgamation
ofthe different towers, from both
adults and children — combined
with his own special touch — would
be a "Utopian" structure.
Coupland's sentiments are
reflected by the programmers of
FUSE themselves, who, it seems, are
trying to create their own Utopia in
much the same way: they wish to
combine the excessive, play-based
spectacle of Disneyland with the
demure attitude of an adult's night
out. But as long as the event is mired
within superficial self-critique, it
will have all ofthe frivolity ofthe
former without the robustness of
the latter. tJ
Above: Legendary Vancouver author and artist Douglas Coupland poses next to his LEGO tower. Below: Singers from DB Boyko's
experimental choir chant around Instant Coffee's installation Puff Puffin the Vancouver Art Gallery's central rotunda.
Post-mortem: Witnesses at the Morris & Belkin Art Gallery
Joane Cardinal Schubert's installation The Lesson was one of multiple provocative works
in the show, which ended last weekend.
Aurora Tejeida
Senior Culture Writer
"I am looking and I am seeing with
the eyes you taught me to use,"
read one ofthe installations at the
Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, where audiences were invited
to witness the stories of people
affected in one way or another by
the residential school system.
Upon entering the first room
of Witnesses: Art and Canada's
Indian Residential Schools, which
concluded the Belkin's year of
programming this past weekend,
visitors were greeted by a pile of
torn up clothes that looked like
regalia, scissors lying next to the
torn garments on the floor.
Directly across from the entrance to the first room sat a giant
chalkboard. The piece was part of
an installation entitled The Lesson
by artist Joane Cardinal-Schubert. School desks sat in front of
the giant chalkboard, covered in
writing — it was hard to tell which
ones belonged to the artist and
which ones could have been done
by anyone passing through.
Overall, this was the feeling one
got when walking into the exhibition: the audience, the survivors
ofthe residential school system
and the perpetrators all inhabit
the same rooms.
In these rooms, children don't
laugh. They are referred to as
numbers, and they dream ofthe
summer holidays away from the
schools created to "kill the Indian
in them," as Prime Minister
Stephen Harper explained in his
apology a few years back.
Chris Bose's piece, titled Savage
Heathen, was based on Harper's
apology to survivors ofthe schools.
Through images and repetition,
the short film gave an image to
the words said in the House of
Commons: "Some of these children
died while attending residential
schools, and others never returned
Some ofthe most impressive
pieces in the exhibition were
Gina Laing's drawings, a group of
untitled pictures documenting her
life in residential schools. Next to
the pictures was an explanation of
every one ofthe pictures, which
depicted her abusers and other
victims that shared her experience.
"All the eyes are on me," wrote
Liang, explaining what it was like
to be watched all the time. Her
pieces sat on a stretch that could
be the end or the beginning ofthe
exhibition, depending on how one
chose to navigate. Most people
ended their visit here, with Laing's
small flicker of hope and a promise
of healing.
But the artwork wasn't all about
pain; it was mostly about survival
and the little light that helped
many ofthe survivors find hope
in the darkest of places. Through
different methods, including video
and drawings, the artists took
viewers through this chapter of
Canada's history — one that should
be witnessed by everyone. tJ 10    I    CULTURE    I    MONDAY, DECEMBER 2,2013
Safe, not s
Cobalt Bar launches innovative harm reduction
program for monthly Man Up competition
The organizers of Man Up, a popular queer variety show, have created a volunteer-run "Buddy System" to ensure partygoers remain safe.
Aurora Tejeida
Senior Culture Writer
If you've ever been to Man Up, a
monthly drag king show and queer
dance party at the Cobalt in East
Van, you've probably witnessed
a lot of fun times. But you might
have missed their sober patrol, also
known as the Buddy System.
The Buddy System started at Man
Up in February by the main organizer and host, Paige Frewer, and her
friend, Pussy Liquor, who has been
doing community and harm reduction work for about 10 years.
The system was initially created as a community response to
an unfortunate incident involving
one ofthe performers who left the
bar by herself after a show and
was sexually assaulted by a person
who coerced her to go up to the
Cobalt Hotel.
"It was a horrible incident, and
it was in the aftermath of that that
a good friend, Pussy Liquor, came
up with the concept ofthe Buddy
System to make sure there was an
infrastructure in place to keep an
eye on people that had been partying," said Frewer.
Both Frewer and Liquor agreed
that they had to provide some type
of safety net. Now, the Buddy System is in effect every night there's a
show. As their Facebook description
says: "Whether you're drunk, high
on E, doing blow or looking for
rolling papers or clean rigs, there is
zero judgement of your choice to get
inebriated — we just wanna get you
home safe!"
The system is based on the harm
reduction model, so it's not just
about keeping an eye on people leaving the bar; during the party, volunteers look out for people who leave
their drinks unattended or who are
too drunk to fend for themselves.
"It's about creating a sober
presence in and around the bar and
keeping it going throughout the
whole night," explained Liquor.
Volunteers canbe identified by
the glow-in-the-dark bracelets they
wear on both wrists, which are
handed to them by Liquor, along
with water bottles, transit tickets,
safe sex supplies, clean needles and
rolling paper.
But sometimes it's hard to
convince people to tone down the
partying, so the number of volunteers per night has gone through
ups and downs since the system
was created.
"There [were] a lot more volunteers when it first happened, and
then over Pride it lowered because
everybody wanted to be out partying. Now, into fall, it seems to be
amping back up again," said Liquor.
On any given Man Up night,
volunteers show up and Liquor
gives them a rundown of what the
expectations are, explained Frewer.
"It's her responsibility to make sure
the volunteers are engaged, because
some people just want to stay sober
and wear the bracelets.... They're
really there to watch the show and
hang out with friends."
The most volunteers they've had
in one night was between 15 and
20, but sometimes it's just Liquor
running the entire show.
"[Volunteers] are also there to
peacefully intervene if somebody
is getting unwanted attention from
someone who is too drunk to take no
for an answer. Those are the type of
situations that they sometimes deal
with," Frewer said.
The system has become an
important part of Man Up shows
— so much that Frewer and Liquor
are creating a paid position so that
somebody can take Liquor's place.
"She's ready to pass the torch,
so we're in the process of training someone to be the volunteer
supervisor at every single show,"
said Frewer.
Liquor is currently in the process
of training a couple of applicants
by having them shadow her during
the night; the honorarium for the
position will be $80 a night. "I
learned this job by playing it by ear,"
she explained.
Volunteers are expected to go
outside during intermission and
walk around the block. This is done
to check if there's someone who's
wandered outside and who might be
too drunk or feeling sick.
They are also expected to keep an
eye on the door to check who's coming and going and what state they're
in. At the end ofthe night, they
hand out water to as many people
as possible, even if they haven't
been drinking.
After the incident in February,
Liquor said, many people voiced
their concerns about the neighbourhood and the building where Man
Up was hosting events. Some people
suggested moving them to a different location.
"The response was, 'No, we
shouldn't have to move, we
shouldn't have to leave because of
other people's actions. We should
be able to step up as a community
and watch each other's backs and
support each other,'" Liquor said.
At this time, the Buddy System
only exists for Man Up events, but
according to Liquor, expanding it
would not be a difficult feat. "I think
that [this system] works for Man
Up and it would work for any other
party or space where women are
feeling unsafe," she said.
Liquor has had people approach
her and ask her how to set up their
own Buddy Systems, and her response is always the same.
"Anyone can do this. You need
a flat of water and some glow-in-
the-dark bracelets and you're pretty
much set to go. Anything else on top
of that is gravy." tl
The Cobalt is located at 917 Main St.
Visit http://manupvancouver.com for
more information about the event.
ubyssey.ca/culture for
extended articles and web
Doctor Who is 50 years old and hasn't aged a day
Miguel Santa Maria
For campus Doctor Who fans, the
question isn't where, but when.
On Nov. 23, Doctor Who, one of
the most popular television series
in sci-fi history, celebrated its
50th anniversary with a special
80-minute episode entitled The Day
ofthe Doctor. The show began airing on the BBC in 1963 and went on
hiatus in 1989; it then re-launched
again in 2005, in the same continuity where it left off more than a
decade earlier.
For those not in the know, the
series revolves around the Doctor, a Time Lord from the planet
Gallifrey, who goes on various
adventures — usually with different
companions in tow — throughout
space and time. These exploits
include everything from helping a
family in World War II get through
Christmas Eve to preventing galactic annihilation from a variety of
alien and paranormal foes — including the Devil himself.
Although the anniversary
special aired globally on Nov. 23, a
handful of UBC Computer Science
Student Society (CSSS) students
got together in the Hugh Dempster
Pavillion for a screening ofthe
special a few days later. One ofthe
organizers ofthe screening, Kiefer
Irvine, admits that planning the
event was a "straight-up gamble,"
as he was not aware ofthe extent of
UBC's fanbase for the show.
"How many Whovians' are on
campus?" Irvine joked, addingthat
he initially made a Facebook page
for UBC fans and waited for it to get
a significant amount of likes before
making the event. "I didn't even
know if it would even be feasible, but
once it started to get more rolling, I
was like, 'OK, we can do this.'"
The result was 30 or so people in
attendance, most of whom laughed
and cheered throughout the screening. The episode was shown in many
sold-out screenings in theatres
across Canada — more than enough
proof that the series has a healthy
fanbase beyond its UK shores.
With such sustained success, one
might wonder how such a series has
managed not only to last through
the decades, but to inspire such
a vast global fanbase. Toph Marshall, an expert on pop culture and
television research at UBC, suggests
a variety of reasons — one of them
being that it appeals to all ages.
"There aren't many shows that
are really designed to bring families
together," Marshall said. He also
points out that Who's underlying
moral messages, like the emphasis on friendships and nonviolent
solutions, are also key factors in its
success, since they are universally
shared by most people.
"Science fiction is a safe place to
solve big issues, whether it's moral
dilemmas or political philosophies,"
he said. "It has become more of a
legitimate mode of narrative storytelling within our culture than it
[was] 30 years ago."
Another factor in the series'
following, according to Marshall, is
how viewers relate to the characters
and narrative. "I think without the
characters, it wouldn't work. The
characters are crucial.... It is important that we form an emotional
response to them."
Irvine shares a similar sentiment.
"The writing, characters and story
arcs [are] just woven together so
well. You're always in for a treat."
Despite its sci-fi background and
strong narrative, the actual influence of Doctor Who on science and
society — relative to other franchises such as Star Trek — is, according
to Marshall, practically nonexistent.
But he stresses that this insularity
is irrelevant to the show's success.
"The show is not looking to impact
social values," he said. "If it is, it's
not why I'm watching it."
Irvine does not believe the show
has a significant scientific dimension either. "A usual explanation for
[events] in show is 'wibbly-wobbly,
timey-wimey [stuff],'" he said.
The future ofthe series remains
to be seen, but for now, all drinks
are on the house in the Doctor's
time-travelling police phone box as
he celebrates five decades of saving
the universe, tl
The doctor is long due for a visit to UBC, if only to spread his profuse taste in London
fashions among the sartorially beleagured student populace. II Opinions
Here in the opinions section, we
frequently address seemingly
intractable problems: campus
misogyny, administrative financing, modern-day colonialist
policies and so on. The solutions
for these problems are unlikely to
be found in the immediate future,
and will continue to generate
heated debate.
Given the insoluble nature of
such issues, it's easy to forget that
there are problems with perfectly
pragmatic solutions that have yet
to be realized. One of these is the
grossly disproportionate level of
significance attached to holiday
Let's set the record straight:
Christmas music and decorations
should be neither seen nor heard
prior the first of December.
Grocery and department
stores are the primary culprits
of this travesty, unleashing their
cranium-paralyzing vitriol in
mid-November — but being the
soulless, all-consumingur-de-
mons they are, resplendent in the
baroque insouciance they exhibit
toward anything that canbe
named as Good, this behaviour is
only to be expected of them.
The same cannot be said ofthe
individual citizens of our society
who, observing the venerable
Other-Lords chanting "Silver
Bells" in truculent unison, feel
they are sanctioned to mimic and
exonerate this behaviour in their
own homes (or dorm rooms). In
doing this, they introduce the
dread blight of holiday cheer —
leering with nefarious, maniacal
mirth — into the blessed sanctum
of our own psyche, the only space
in which we might otherwise be
free of its tenacious grasp.
These individuals, reveling in
the gaping absence of reason and
structure that these gaudy tunes
and baubles instantiate, lauding
the annihilation of subjective
will and meaning spurred on by
the onslaught of plastic snow and
cheering cherubs, have rejected
their humanity, and as such, we
can no longer afford to commiserate with them — lest we succumb
to the disease ourselves.
As such, we advise that these
lost souls be exiled to the North
Pole forthwith, where they will be
able to create their own Dionys-
ian paradise, bathing irreparably
in the smell of sherry and the
glowing nostalgia of Norman
Rockwell Saturday Evening Post
covers. In this way, those of us
who have managed to retain our
sanity may finally be free ofthe
holiday Scourge.
If you're going to put up a tacky display like this, at least do it after Dec. 1.
These individuals,
lauding the annihilation
of subjective will and
meaning spurred on by
the onslaught of plastic
snow and cheering
cherubs, have rejected
their humanity.
The Last Day of Class (#LDOC)
has come and gone, which signifies that you've completed half of
the first semester battle. Now it's
time to conquer the second leg,
exams, and when you've done that
it's truly time to celebrate.
As tempting as it may be, don't
just get drunk or sleep the entire
time. Yes, you are more than
deserving of your fair share of
hibernation and inebriation, but
this break is time to do things
you absolutely can't do during the
school year. You'll also gain about
15 pounds when combined with all
the chocolate you'll eat.
Hang out with your family
— your entire family if possible.
Make a gingerbread house. Go
tour your city and see the holiday
decorations. (If you're in Vancouver, go to Stanley Park.) Hope for
snow, build a giant igloo and have
a snowball fight. Go inside and
drink some eggnog.
All you want to do is watch Netflix? Watch holiday movies with
someone. Miss out on the polar
bear swim at Wreck Beach? Take
the plunge on New Year's Day
at English Bay. Tired of reading
textbooks and primary sources?
Sit in front of a fireplace and read a
novel. Want some serious adventure? Go find a sasquatch.
These two or three weeks off
are a gift, so make the most of it.
Do something exciting, accomplish
something of note.
Also, let us know if you find a
sasquatch, because that's definitely cover story material.
If it does snow, all you who are
from out of town take note:
When it snows in Vancouver, the
whole city shuts down. Exams get
cancelled. Buses don't go past Bianca. It's no surprise that compared to
our Canadian brethren in Alberta
and Ontario, we look like snow-
fools. As of now, the Weather Network is saying a few flurries are to
be expected by the end of this week,
but still the weather fluctuates.
Even if we don't end up having
a white Christmas, you can always
have a Barry White Christmas.
This year's graduating class sculpture, a gift to the university, is a little
The three-metre tall sculpture
is titled "When Women Rise." The
sentiment is nice, and relevant considering what's been happening on
our campus this year.
But the idea is hardly new, and
looking at the draft plans for the
sculpture it looks like it would fit
more nicely alongside 1942 war
propaganda than at a campus that
contains more female students than
Let's take a look at the sculpture's
description on the development
permit. The piece, which is meant to
"reflect the struggle, determination,
dreams, unity and hopes of women,"
will feature five female figures, one
from "each continent" (sorry, 12 million women in Australia), holding
up a cage with a "captured" dove
inside, "trying to fly to freedom."
The cage is supposed to represent
the earth, which makes it reminiscent of Atlas, holding up the celestial
spheres on his shoulders. But apparently Atlas has been drafted out
to the front lines, and it turns out
it takes five women to hold down
the home front in his place. You
see, women can do anything men
can do, just not as well (any female
athlete would be ashamed of their
squatting form), and it takes more
of them. Let's also remember that
Atlas was serving out a punishment
down there.
This is not an
empowering message.
We assume the artist does not
mean to discredit the worth of
women, but even if the intended
message is something powerful like
showing how women support the
world (don't men support the world
too, if we're all equal?), there are still
a few more problems.
The world is a cage, and a
woman-dove is "trying" to fly out
of said cage — and failing. If women
had risen, the world would not be a
cage. The world would just be the
world, and doves would be free to
fly all over. The statue appears to
say women have not risen, and they
never will.
It's great that this year's graduating class wants to help women
rise. But if that's going to be their
main focus, why not raise a woman?
There must be plenty of female
sculptures out there, aside from the
plethora of organizations that support women's rights that the grad
class could contribute to in some
way. Or at least fix the design so it
is actually empowering. XI
housing on
right track
^By Matt Parson
As accessibility of a post-secondary education in B.C. is decreasing,
the cost of attaining a university
education is rising.
Today, average student debt at
graduation is at an all-time high
even though tuition in B.C. has
remained constant in real dollars.
The main driver ofthe increased
debt is the rising cost of living,
largely due to housing costs. The
cost of rental housing in Vancouver has never been higher, and
students are facing an increasingly
large financial burden in order
to reap the benefits of living on
or near campus: 81 per cent of
students say living on campus enhances their academic experience,
76 per cent say living on campus
enhances their social experience,
and 68 per cent of commuter students say they do not participate
in extracurricular activities due to
their commute.
On Nov. 19, UBC's Board of
Governors' Property and Planning
committee received a presentation
from Andrew Parr on the recent
accomplishments and future
objectives of Student Housing and
Hospitality Services (SHHS).
With the adoption ofthe UBC
Housing Action Plan (HAP), we
saw the university invest a significant amount of time, resources and
expertise into addressing the issue
of housing affordability at UBC.
While student housing was within
the scope of this process, much
focus was dedicated to faculty and
staff out of necessity. Given the
university's strong commitment
and rapid development of the student housing stock, the time had
come to turn attention towards
faculty and staff, but the HAP left
students wondering when affordability would become a consideration for student housing.
The SHHS's presentation outlined three notable commitments
that may move the university
closer to providing truly affordable
housing. The first was the pledge
to commission a follow-up housing demand study to the survey
conducted in 2009. This will help
the administration better understand the barriers to living on
campus and housing needs of UBC
students. The second commitment
was to explore alternate pricing
models to possibly provide lower
rental rates through cross-subsidization or incentive pricing for the
summer months. The last commitment was to begin a discussion
on more affordable methods of
development such as micro-units.
Most of what was presented is
still in early days, but it is exciting nonetheless to see an earnest
effort from the university to better
understand the housing needs
and barriers of UBC students and
attempt to explore creative ways
to provide affordable housing.
The leg up students who live on
campus receive over commuters
is clear, and hopefully with the
university's commitments, those
advantages will be made available
to all students — not only those
who can afford them. XI
Matt Parson is the student representative on the UBC Board of
Governors and former president of
the AMS. Engineering Graduate Studies
University of Toronto
■ 20
■ 22
■ 28
■ 31
■ 33
■ 38
■ 33
■ 43
■ 45
■ 46
■ 50
■ 52
Solving the world's
most important problems,
one stem cell at a time
Nika Shakiba wants to understand how to best put cells
in a time machine. As a biomedical engineering PhD
student, she is investigating the mechanism by which
the watch hands can be turned back in mouse cells.
Those Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) cells then have
all the ability of embryonic tissue to morph into any
cell a body needs. If Nika — a Vanier Canada Graduate
Scholarship recipient — gets a closer look at the
clockwork in iPS cells, it will mean less dependency
on embryonic stem cells, bringing us one step closer
to a self-healing world. Her future? Healthy.
Got something big to solve? Our Engineering
graduate programs can get you closer.
MEng: Customizable professional master's degree.
Involves coursework and optional research project.
Select from over a dozen specializations including
entrepreneurship and leadership, energy studies,
healthcare engineering and advanced water
MHSc: Clinical engineering master's degree. Includes
coursework, internship and research thesis.
MASc: Traditional, research-intensive master's degree.
PhD: Highest degree in Engineering.
A ft
s | | -
N |   |'M
1   |
F 1   1*1-
T | O
u In
3 H't
E |n
5 |   I'a
E |    |"f
n 1 I'd
L' 1
T I"
Visit gradstudies.engineering.utoronto.ca
Horrendously bored by the games on this page? Disgusted at the graphics
used in this so-called "newspaper"? Talk to Ming Wong at printeditor@
ubyssey.ca to voice your opinions.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items