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The Ubyssey Dec 1, 2000

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Lloyd Axworthy in public!
Poems about gym boys
private! 1 Friday. December 1.2000
Page Fridav-the Ubvssev Magazine
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CALL FOR ART - Eating Disorder
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Gain experience with a web development project in a fun and rewarding
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We're takin' a break but look for us in January.
The Ubyssey's official activity book hits the
stands January 5th and we promise it'll keep
you busy all next term with word games,
connect-the-dots and lots of other fun stuff.
Please note: Our business office will be closed
December 1 friMMyW
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you'd like to book any advertising. Page Fridav-the Ubvssev Magazine
Friday. December 1.20001
The price of a good team
The CIAU has changed its scholarship policy, and no school is happier about it than UBC
by Tom Peacock
Universities in the CIAU are hoping
that a new athletic scholarship system introduced last summer will
rejuvenate the league. The changes
aren't sweeping, but they're still significant—they show that the CIAU is
finally adapting to the increasingly
competitive and expensive world of
university sports.
The CIAU's thinking is that the
change will encourage top Canadian
athletes to stay in Canada and play
for and train at Canadian schools.
Consequently, the logic goes, the
league will draw more attention
from the traditionally complacent
Canadian media and public. Ticket
sales will go up, syndication deals
will materialise, and the money will
start rolling in. But it's a slow
process, and there are a lot of
naysayers among the member
But last summer, under pressure from UBC and other Canada
West schools who threatened to pull
out pf the league unless the scholarship issue was addressed, the CIAU
members agreed on a compromise
Basically, the amount UBC is
allowed to give its athletes hasn't
really changed all that much.
Before, players were allowed to
receive an annual $1500 scholarship based on athletic ability.
Alumni and private corporations
could match that for a total of
$3000. Now, players can have
their tuition and fees paid for, provided they maintain an average of
over 80 per cent in at least 18 credits.
At UBC, fees and tuition add up
to a mere $2500. Other schools,
however, are more expensive, and
so the new rule has an equalising
effect among schools. Athletes who
might have steered clear of more
expensive schools now have no reason to do so, as long as the school or
a private source can cough up
enough to cover the player's tuition
and fees.
Although the numbers don't
mean a huge change for athletes
coming to UBC, there's a belief now
among athletes, the media, and the
public that schools are free to support their athletes, says Kim
Gordon, intercollegiate coordinator
Of Athletics at UBC.
"The perception is that we're giving awards, so it's better. And then
we can say to someone who's going
down to the States, If you're getting
$10,000, that might not even cover
your tuition. Whereas if you stay
here we can cover your tuition. So
the value is a little more marketable," she explained.
Most universities in Ontario and
some in the Maritimes argued
against the change—claiming that
giving athletic scholarships a higher
profile would change the nature of
university sports in Canada.
Robert Rosehart, president of
Wilfrid Laurier University, was
quoted in the National Post as saying the school wants the participation of players to be 'part of the
experience, not the focus.'
In another summer article in the
Halifax Daily News, Jack Drover,
athletic director for Mount Allison
University, also expressed concern.
"If it becomes dollar-driven, then
I think we're going to have big-time
serious implications on the future
of Canadian university
The UBC Athletics
department is happy
with the change, but the
administrators see it as
only a small step in the
right direction. Ideally
they would like schools
to have the freedom to
offer full scholarships to
athletes based on their
"Ultimately, we want
to be able to go back and
fight for being able to
give more money,'
Gordon explained. "But
we're comfortable right
now giving tuition and
fees, because it equalises it. .And now it's a matter of, 'Okay, let's get the
resources up so that we
have the money to actually give all the money
we can."
One UBC team that
will serve as a model for
other CIAU teams under
the new scholarship regulations is the men's
basketball squad.
Last April, ex-
Thunderbird Kevin Hanson
replaced Bruce Enns as head coach
for men's basketball. Hanson is the
man about town when it comes to
basketball in BC. He captained the
Birds to a CIAU silver medal in
1987, coached the BC under-19
squad to a gold medal at the Canada
Games in 1997, and in his most
recent post, as head coach of the
Langara College
Falcons, took his team
to six CCAA national
championships. As
well, he was named
BC coach of the year
in 1992 and 1994.
Hanson was an
obvious choice as
Enns' successor.
"I like his vision
for the program, not
just relating to on-
court performance
but also for alumni
development and
community outreach,' Gordon said
when Hanson was hired. Little did
she know just how important
Hanson's visibility in Vancouver's
basketball community would prove
for the team.
During the Frank Knutt
Memorial Golf Tournament earlier
this year, prominent Vancouver
businessman and avid basketball
fan David McLean mentioned to
UBC's Director of Athletics, Bob
Philip, that he was happy to see
they had hired a former UBC player
for the basketball coaching job.
McLean even said he remembered
seeing Hanson play during the
A few phone calls later and
Hanson had made a deal with
McLean wherein McLean would see
to it that the team got enough
money every year to provide each
player with the full tuition and fees
scholarship package.
"You say never burn a bridge.
The message I preach to my fellas is
always carry yourself in a professional manner,' Hanson said. "If I
was a horse's ass on the court, it
might have turned him off the other
BANKROLLED: First-year coach Kevin Hanson (right) attracted scholarship money for his team, tara westover photo
way. I was fortunate enough that we
had a positive experience on the
court, and he obviously took a liking
to me."
Hanson admits he was lucky to
have secured such a lucrative
connection with McLean, but the
connections he has in the community
and his ability to draw funding from
them are certainly no accident
MWe need that kind of
support so we can focus
more on our basketball
than raising our finances
to come back to school."
—Ben Sctnsbum
UBC guard
For Gordon, Hanson's case signals the start of the new era in CIAU
recruitment and fund-raising. All
the coaches will likely by to get the
same sort of funding for their teams
in order to attract the best players.
"I think he's setting" a standard...There's a competitive rivalry
between sports all the time, too. It's
like, 'Hey, basketball got that, we
should find that for volleyball, rugby
or football.' They feed off each
other,v she explained.
The added freedom that scholarship money would provide athletes
with is an integral part of Hanson's
game plan If the players don't have
to work for their tuition during the
■ summer, they can train more, they
they can go to tournaments, they
can gel together as a team.
"I expect us to be even a lot higher than that, a lot better than that
I'm a bit of a perfectionist and I'm
extremely competitive. I want us to
succeed. I want us to be number
one all the time.'
Hanson admits he'3 a fiercely
competitive coach. He says he sees
no reason why the UBC team should
not be the best team in the country.
....--    .>.-.■'.-. ■..■•■■.    -. .7-
This year they have a lot of new
players. Most coaches would be content to call it a building year, and to
say they are just waiting to see what
happens. But not Hanson.
'Our lack of experience of playing together is really hurting us. In
the summertime, the guys didn't
play a lot of basketball. A lot of them
didn't come to training camp in
shape, which resulted in a couple of
injuries. In my style
of game, an uptempo style...it
takes its toll on your
body when you're
pushing that hard
every night"
Ben Sansburn,
one of the team's
veterans agreed
that a strong off-season is crucial, but
that it would have
been difficult had
the team not secured the funding
from McLean.
"[Having your tuition paid]
means you have to spend maybe a
little less time working in the summer. If some guy has got to work
two jobs in the summer, he doesn't
have much time to work on his
sport And that's a big deal. If we
want to have the best team here,
then we need that kind of support
so we can focus more on our basketball than raising our finances to
come back to school," he said.
And now that Canadian universities are offering athletic scholarships, playing in the States is not all
that enticing, according to
Sansburn. His teammate, Tassos
Kanavos, agreed.
'A lot of the guys who go to the
States are back after a year or two
anyway, because they realise that
it's a whole different world down
there, especially basketball-wise,"
said Kanavos, who played under
Hanson at Langara College before
coming to UBC this year.
"It's a different level...Being an
elite player in Canada is completely
different than being an elite player
in the States. But it's really great
what Kevin's doing and what the
whole CIAU's trying to do now,
which is draw money to keep the
best Canadian players in Canada, so
we don't lose people down to the
States," he continued.
But what about other sports that
are not so dominated by
Americans—sports like hockey or
swimming, which have large numbers of young Canadians among the
elite ranks? How do you keep those
players competing in the CIAU?
A solution which goes hand in
hand with the scholarship programs, Gordon says, is to foster
partnerships between the school
team and amateur athletic organisations.
If more bonds were formed
between CIAU teams and national
teams, for example, everyone would
benefit, Gordon claimed. Money
raised at the sport-governing level
could support the teams at the university level, and so keep athletes in
Canada for their training and coaching.
"It's a model that I think the sport
system has to work at^.The partnerships would make our programs better..-And then the kids will say, if I
stay there, I can make it to the
Olympic podium."
UBC's swim team is a case in
point The team has strong partnerships with the provincial and
national team organisations, and
with the Pacific Dolphins Swim
Club. Eleven UBC coaches and team
members went to the Olympics in
Sydney this September.
"Ultimately, I think the sports
system [in Canada] has to get then-
act together to develop athletes,"
Gordon concluded. But for
Sansburn, and the legions of other
athletes in the CIAU playing their
way through university with slim
hope of a future playing career,
there has to be other tangible benefits, and a quality free education is
right up there on the list
Besides, as Sansburn put it "It's
great to have the opportunity to stay
in Canada." ♦ If a $750 rebate
doesn't seem
like much now,
just wait
until you see
your first
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Friday. December 1. 20001
UN global warming talks could
resume in near future: Axworthy
 by Alex Dimson
Despite media reports that recent United
Nations talks on global warming had failed,
former Foreign Affairs Minister Lloyd
Axworthy told a packed room at UBC's Liu
Centre Wednesday that negotiations may
resume shortly.
'[The] reporting, in most cases, was inaccurate...or wrong," said Axworthy, who headed the Canadian delegation to a conference
discussing the UN Framework Convention on
Climate Change, held at
The Hague, Netherlands,
.and attended by 182
The conference called
for countries to take specific   actions  to   reduce
global warming and to put
into effect the commitments agreed to in the
Kyoto Protocol, signed in
1997.      The      protocol
demands that countries
reduce greenhouse gas emissions to five per
cent below **1990?" levels by 2008. The early
compliance standards agreed upon in the protocol, for the most part, have yet to be met
While media reports painted the recent
conference as a complete or partial failure,
Axworthy—who had just flown in from The
Hague—said that the sides are close to reaching an agreement on the details of how countries should reduce carbon emissions to stem
global warming.
Reports from the conference indicate that
negotiators were divided into two factions—the
US-led 'umbrella* group, which included Canada
and Australia, and the European Union (EU).
Accused of putting a greater emphasis on
creating loopholes rather than making significant cut3 to emissions, Canada and other
umbrella nations came under heavy criticism
at the talks.
But Axworthy, who is also the new director
of the Liu Centre for the Study of Global
Issues, told a different story.
"A tentative agreement had been reached,'
Why bother
with international
stuff when we can
do it ourselves?
—David Suzuki,
he said, describing all-night marathon negotiations that took place over the last two days of
the conference. He said that all the major parties made 'substantial concessions."
But Axworthy said that the EU backed out
afterward and the deal could not be renegotiated in time. On Wednesday he said that he
had just spoken by telephone with an EU official, and speculated that discussions would
resume 'within a week or two.'
"I think what's happening is [negotiations
are] going into another gear. There is a willingness to move on international issues," he said.
But Axworthy's
emphasis on the intricacies of the negotiations
and the importance of
an environmental treaty
were attacked by an agitated David Suzuki
'Canada has a
tremendous amount at
stake,' said the prominent environmentalist
Citing the growth of Canada's eco-tourism
industry, the warming of Canada's North and
'study after study that has shown it is easy to
meet Kyoto,' Suzuki questioned the usefulness
of the conference.
"Why bother with international stuff when
we can do it ourselves?' he asked Axworthy to
the applause of the audience, stating that
Canada should be attempting to lower its
emissions regardless of the state of international negotiations.
"If you're going to change, you have to start
somewhere,' Axworthy replied. He emphasised that countries should begin with the
guidelines of an international treaty, so that
changes in political atmosphere do not affect a
nation's commitment to emission reduction.
Suzuki also expressed frustration at the
ten-year process of international negotiations
that he feels has done very little to halt global
"I just can't see how you can be so optimistic
when your own government failed to meet its
[Kyoto] commitments,' he told Axworthy.
While an unruffled Axworthy
acknowledged Suzuki's frustration, he indicated that the climate talks are the "mother of all
negotiations," and that the issue
requires an enormous change in
"What's happening here is
monumental. You're trying to
change institutions, ideas...that
have been around for 300years,"
he said. "You can't change an
oceanliner on a dime."
The conference comes in light
of dire warnings by many environmentalists, including Suzuki,
who say that pollutants are dramatically affecting the global climate and are the cause of erratic
weather patterns recently experienced around the world.
A recent UN study indicated
that the average temperature
worldwide could increase by as
much as six degrees Celsius over
the next 100 years.
At The Hague, talks largely
stalled around the exact terms of
carbon emission reductions,
with umbrella countries insisting that carbon 'sinks' such as
forests should count as a reduction of emissions. But the EU felt
that a country's carbon sinks AXWORTHY: The new director of the liu centre was on
should not be linked to its limits campus Wednesday to speak about recent global
on producing emissions. warming talks. TARA WEST0VER/U8YSSEY FILE PHOTO
Carbon sinks have been ques
tioned by many in the scientific community
who feel that there is no accurate way to gauge
their effects on emission reductions.
While Axworthy did not disclose many of
the details about the near-deal, he said negotiators agreed that logged forests that are
regrown could not count against carbon emissions even though these repopulated forests
absorb more carbon than older ones.
The conference was also intended to reach
an agreement on ways to encourage developing countries to adhere to the Kyoto standards.
Over the next ten years, the amount of emissions from developing countries will surpass
those in developed countries.
Axworthy said some progress had been
made on the issue, but that the sides could not
agree on the financial details.
'Over time, I think.. .there slowly had been
an understanding that this is a shared problem,' he said. "What was disagreed upon was
how to fund it*
The next talks are scheduled for May in
Bonn, Germany. ♦
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University cracks down
on illegal trademark use
Two grocery stores have to change names
by Cynthia Lee
NAME CHANGE: The store that is now the BC Grocery, irene Isaacs photo
Several on-campus business owners were surprised
when the university decided to prohibit the use of
the abbreviation "UBC in the names of their stores.
One owner, Insook Kim, was forced to change the
name of the grocery store she has managed in the
UBC Village for three years from 'UBC Grocery" to
"BC Grocery' after receiving a letter from a university official earlier this month.
The letter, dated November 1, from Hubert Lai,
UBC's senior legal counsel, asked her to refrain from
using the UBC abbreviation, which is trademarked
by the university. Lai indicated that the store was in
violation of the federal Trade-marks Act
"In order to protect the integrity of the 'UBC
mark, we must require that you cease using the
'UBC mark in any manner,' read the letter.
Similar letters were sent to three other businesses, and allows the owners six months to alter the
names of their stores.
Kim said that she was surprised by the letter
since her grocery store had used the 'UBC acronym
in its name for over ten years, and none of its past
owners ran into any difficulty.
Jeff Lee, the current owner of the nearby grocery
store formerly called UBC Lucky Mart has complied
with the terms of the letter and has covered the
acronym on the store's signs with a sheet of white
"I just bought [the business] the way it is, I just
want to know why we cannot use it,' he said.
But Lai said that UBC officials were not aware of
these businesses until recently.
"The university, in order to maintain that protection, has to police the use of its trademark,' he said,
adding that UBC must take this action because no
external agencies exist to guard trademark infringement
UBC does not normally license out its trademarks—which include variations of "The University
of British Columbia," as well as "Thunderbirds'—to
for-profit ventures.
Lai said that licenses are typically granted only if
they could benefit the university community as a
whole. He offered the manufacturing of official UBC
merchandise for the UBC Bookstore as an example.
According to Lai, any application for a license
would be considered on a case-by-case basis, but he
said that it is unlikely that these particular businesses would be granted permission to use the trademark.
■ 'Quite honestly, I can't see how it would be beneficial to the student body or university community,"
he said.
Kim said she is upset with the university's decision.
"But what can we do about it?* she lamented. ♦ fi| Friday. December 1.2000
Page Fridav-the Ubvssev Magazine
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The University is again recognising excellence in teaching through the
awarding of teaching prizes to faculty members.  Two prize winners from
the Faculty of Applied Science will be selected for 2001.
ELIGIBILITY:  The prizes are open to full-lime tenure-track faculty in
Architecture, Engineering or Nursing who have five or more years of
teaching experience at UBC.
CRITERIA: The awards will recognise sustained teaching
accomplishments at all levels at UBC, and will focus on those faculty who
have demonstrated that they are able to motivate students and are
responsive to students' intellectual needs, or have developed innovative
laboratory or lecture materials.
NOMINATION PROCESS: Students, alumni or faculty members may
nominate candidates to the Head of their department, the Director of their
School, or the Head of the unit in which the nominee teaches. Letters of
nomination may also be sent directly to Prof. R.L. Evans, Department of
Mechanical Engineering, who is the selection committee chair.
DEADLINE: January 19, 2001 for nomination letters. Supporting
documentation may be submitted until February 2, 2001.
Winners will be identified in early 2001, and will also be honoured during
the Spring Convocation in May.
For further information about the awards, contact the Dean's Office,
Faculty of Applied Science, your Department or School office, or the
committee chair at 822-3484 or: evans@/nech. ubc. ca
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THEY HAVEN'T ARRIVED AT THE DESTINATION YET: Activists on a bus.tour advocating the end of
sanctions against Iraq make a stop at UBC. cynthia lee photo
Activists break the law in
hopes of ending sanctions
 by Cynthia Lee
Seattle resident Bert Sacks is among
those who are intentionally violating
a US law that they believe is unjust
Sacks, an activist who travelled to
UBC on Wednesday as part of a
seven-week bus tour advocating for
the end of economic sanctions
against Iraq, said that he has participated in trips that illegally bring medicine, school supplies, and toys to the
children of Iraq.
"If I would do a year in jail and it
would end sanctions one
month earlier, I would have
had a part in saving 5000
children's lives," he said,
citing UN figures that 5000
children in Iraq die every
month for reasons related
to the sanctions, which
have been in place since the
1991 Persian Gulf War.
The sanctions have been
maintained  by  the   UN
Security Council in hopes of
forcing the Iraqi government of
President Saddam Hussein to comply
with   UN   demands   to   destroy
weapons of mass destruction in its
But the sanctions have increasingly come under fire from humanitarian groups who assert that the sanctions are taking their toll—including
widespread malnutrition—on the
Iraqi people.
'Most people really had no idea
that the war against Iraq was as total
as it is," said Mike Miles, one of
Sacks' travelling companions on the
tour. "They've disconnected the
bombing of the war, which was back
in 1990, from the siege part of the
war, which has been going on for the
last ten years."
Since his first visit. Sacks has quit
his profession as an electronics engineer and software programmer to
fight for the cause full-time.
He said that he was appalled that
even allowing medical "healing"
books into Iraq is prohibited under
the American sanctions.
"I felt a deep need to do something," Sacks said. He now works as a
guide for individuals who wish to
travel to Iraq to see the state of the
country with their own eyes.
Sacks and the bus campaign are
associated with the Chicago-based
group, Voices in the Wilderness,
which conducts activities that are primarily aimed at violating the
American government's Iraqi
Sanctions Regulations, while at the
same time bringing relief and raising
awareness about the issue.
People who violate the US regulations, can face up to 12 years in
prison and $1 million in fines, in
addition to civil penalties of up to
$275,000 per violation.
"I was more proactive. I actually
went and asked if they would prosecute me," said Miles. "I remember
lying in bed for some time after I had
done that thinking 'do I know what
I'm doing?"
The bus campaign, which ends in
Vancouver today, is aimed at raising
awareness about the issue around
the west coast of both the US and
"In our estimation, sanctions cannot stand the light of day," explained
Miles, who is a substitute teacher
from northern Wisconsin.
"We figured the best place to
bring...the discussion
around [sanctions] was to
university campuses. This
is where debate takes
After an hour-long delay
at the Canada-US border,
the bus—decorated with slo-
-BQlt SdCKS, gans and a large painted
Anti-SanctiOnS Activist illustration   of   an   Iraqi
child—arrived at UBC
"If I would do a year in jail
and it would end sanctions
earlier... I would have had a
part in saving 5000
children's lives."
But Danny Muller, who works at
Voices in the Wilderness, said that
the gamble is worthwhile.
"To get justice on this, people really need to take risks," he said.
In December 1998, Sacks was
named with four others in a notice
issued by the US Department of the
Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets
Control (OFAC).
The notice stated that OFAC "has
reasonable cause to believe that
you...have engaged in certain prohibited transactions...relating to the
embargo against Iraq in 1997."
The office also cited that the parties had violated regulations on ten
occasions, including the exportation
of goods, such as medical supplies,
without the required OFAC authorisa-
tioa Further, the notice- indicated
OFAC's intention to issue a penalty of
$ 10,000 against Sacks and $ 120,000
against the organisation.
Sacks, who has travelled to Iraq
seven times in the last four years, told
the Ubyssey that OFAC has not taken
further action against him since he
received the notice.
Miles, who has now visited Iraq
twice, and Sacks have indicated that
they have invited the US to come and
prosecute them.
Wednesday to the relief of student
"We were worried there for a
while," said Farah Nosh, a member of
the local Campaign to End Sanctions
Against the People of Iraq (CESAPI),
about the delay while she helped to
set up a campaign display in the SUB
An Immigration Canada
spokesperson, however, said the
delay was simply a routine check.
At UBC, Sacks spoke of his concern for Iraqi children. He fondly
remembers Walid, a 10-year-old Iraqi
shoeshine boy who he had befriended on one of his trips to the Middle
Eastern country.
Sacks discovered that Walid was
illiterate when the boy was unable to
read an information sheet about
Voices in the Wilderness that had
been translated into Arabic. Walid
was not attending school "because he
was shining shoes to earn money for
"The consequences of the sanctions are not measurable by medical
and scientific statistics," said Sacks,
"because of the conditions of this
boy's life coming into manhood in a
society where he has no future."
"I worry about him." ♦ Page Fridav-the Ubvssev Magazine
Friday. December 1.20001
UN expresses concern over APEC
by Alex Dimson
Canada is considering ways to address a UN
body's concern over events such as the
1997 pepper-spraying of Asia Pacific
Economic Co-operation (APEC) protesters at
In a recent report, the UN Committee
Against Torture expressed concerns that
Canada may have violated a UN convention
against torture and other cruel, inhuman or
degrading punishments.
The report cites 'the inappropriate use of
pepper spray and force by police authorities
to break up demonstrations and force and
restore order, notably with regard to the
1997 APEC demonstrations," as one of the
ways Canada may have violated the treaty.
To address these concerns the committee recommends that Canada consider creating a body that would investigate any com-
SPICE IT UP: A scene from the 1997 protests at UBC
against APEC. richard la/ubyssey file photo
plaints about the violation of the UN convention.
While the committee's recommendations are not legally binding, Carl
Schwenger, a spokesperson for the
Department of Foreign Affairs and
International Trade, said that the government always takes the committee's recommendations 'very seriously.'
"We're a strong believer in human rights
and we're a strong believer in the UN system,' he said. "We will do our best to try to
meet what's been asked of us within the
context of Canadian law.'
Schwenger said that Canada is considering the creation of an investigative body,
though he's not sure what form it will
The committee was formed after the UN
Convention Against Torture and Other
Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
Punishment was implemented by the world body
in 1987.
Those countries which
have signed the treaty are
required to submit periodic
reports outlining the ways
in which they have tried to
prevent the incidence of
torture or unusual punishment from occuring, which
the committee then examines and criticises.
While the UN's most
recent report acknowledged
the extensive legal protection Canada has against torture, and the improvements
it has made since the last
report, the committee
expressed concern over a
number of Canada's policies.
PHI DELTA THETA: Members of the fraternity and the Alpha Delta Pi sorority
rode thezfr teeter-totter in front of the SUB this week for 24 hours to raise
money for the Vancouver Province Empty Stocking Fund, irene Isaacs photo
The committee felt that there was an
'over-representation of aboriginal people in
prison throughout the criminal justice system,' and was worried that accused torturers from other countries may be granted
immunity from extradition and that asylum
seekers may not be given a fair chance to
stay in the country.
It recommended that Canada create an
independent body to assess those seeking
asylum and that Canadian military personnel be better educated about human rights.
But Schwenger said that while they take
the commitee's conclusions seriously and
intend to pursue their recommendations,
he said that sometimes they are made without a full understanding of Canada's laws or
judicial process.
Schwenger expects Canada to file its next
report within a year. ♦
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J    J
Page Friday-the Ubyssey Magazine
Friday. December 1. 20001
| m
J >
c I
Each day this month, when it's light enough at dawn that a white thread
can be distinguished from a black one, Muslims begin their day-long fast.
Since ancient times, fasting has been described as a practice of sacrifice,
of self-reflection, of hardship, and of joy.
At UBC, students of different religions continue to fast to cleanse
and purify their bodies and their minds.
morning for about the next three
weeks, Arman Rahmim will wake up with his family before
dawn. As the recorded voice of a Muslim Imam, a religious
leader, recites prayers through the stereo in their North
Vancouver home, Arman, his parents and his brother will eat
a meal, called Suhur, that consists of a variety of foods and
drinks, including tea, dates, rice with vegetables and meat, and
milk. They will then conduct a morning prayer, the Fajr, and
Arman, a graduate student in physics at UBC, might read a few
excerpts from the Holy Quran before heading off to school for
a day of classes and lab work.
Arman is a member of the Muslim student club, Rising
Crescent Like many Muslim students at UBC, he is celebrating
the Islamic month of Ramadan by participating in daily fasts
from sunrise to sunset. Arman has been preparing for
Ramadan for almost two months now, praying regularly and
fasting occasionally in order to prepare his body and mind for
the month ahead. On Monday, the 21-year-old and the rest of
the Muslim community began their annual fast
"There's a Hadith, a saying of the Prophet [Mohammed],
that during Ramadan the doors of Heaven are open and all the
chains of Satan and so forth are not around people," says
"Fasting during this month really makes you think about
what you really are. On a typical day, when we get tired of
something that we do, we go watch TV or eat food, or something like that But you can't do that during Ramadan. You really are stuck with yourself and you really have to be happy with
what you are. It's a spiritual event which captures you for the
entire month."
\»# Mm .G of the five basic pillars of Islam, fasting during
Ramadan is an obligation of able-bodied Muslims. Ramadan
falls on the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, and
from sunrise until sunset, Muslims may not eat, drink, smoke,
or have sexual relations.
Emile Nucho is a lecturer in religious studies at UBC who
teaches about Islam. Nucho was raised as a Christian in
Lebanon, a predominantly Muslim country.
'It can be a very hard thing to do," Nucho says of the fast
"And many Muslims will tell you that, at least for a while at the
beginning, it's very hard because you are really changing your
physical system, and you're not eating anything, or drinking
anything, not even a drink of water."
While the fast is obligatory for all adult Muslims, children
under the age of 12, the elderly, pregnant women, and those
who are ill or on a long journey are exempt from the fast
Since the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles,
Ramadan falls 11 days earlier each year. A Muslim will therefore fast at different times of the year during his or her lifetime. This year, it's typical to hear Muslims call the fast 'easy,'
since the sun rises around 6am and sets before 5pm.
Nucho explains that the fast can be especially difficult when
it falls during the hot summer months, when Muslims must go
without food or drink from 3 am until 9pm every day. But
Ramadan remains the most cherished event in the Muslim
calendar. It dates back to the time of Mohammed, Islam's final
Prophet, in the seventh century. Muslims believe that it was
during this month that the Quran Islam's Holy Book, was first
revealed to Prophet Mohammed by God through the angel
"The purpose of [Ramadan] has always been about thanks,
about forgiveness, [and] about commemorating the life of
Mohammed," Nucho says. "It gives Muslims a sense of great
unity because they all know that at least practising Muslims
are following this ritual at that time of year everywhere in the
The restrictions fasting places on Muslims offer Arman a
unique freedom. For him, fasting means far more than merely giving up food and drink—it helps him cultivate his spirituality. Like other Muslims, he will often read from the Quran,
and attend frequent prayers during the month. Ramadan is
meant to be a time of peace, a time when Muslims must be
conscious of their actions to prevent any quarrels or foul language.
"When you're fasting, your mind and your sight and your
hearing should also be fasting with you or else it's not a complete fast. We're really supposed to be correcting our acts during this month, not just by not eating, but also by fasting our
entire body and spirit," remarks Arman
Sheema Saeed is originally from the Maldive Islands off the
southern coast of India. Presently, she is studying to receive
her doctorate in Education from UBC. Sheema, who has been
fasting since the age of 12, sees Ramadan as a time to help her
concentrate on her studies and enhance her spirituality. She
■ says she makes a conscious effort during the month to say
each of Islam's five daily prayers and to read from the Quran.
"I see fasting as contributing to my spiritual life, and for
me, in a sense, having a whole month of fasting helps to see
that my life revolves around spirituality during the month,
instead of my spirituality trying to fit into different pieces of
my life."
For the past seven years, Sheema has been studying in non-
Muslim countries, including Canada, England and New
Zealand. In the Maldive Islands, where her family still lives,
she says that everyone is Muslim, and the whole community
understands the fast as a celebration. Since she's been away,
however, Sheema says that fasting has become more of a personal act of self-reflection, one which many non-Muslims misinterpret as a harsh infliction on the body rather than a spiritual reward.
"I think people who do not fast do not really understand the
significance of the fast People see it as a sacrifice. I don't see
it as a sacrifice of anything. It's a gift to myself, in fact It's
something I choose for myself and it involves basically self-discipline and it makes me feel good that I could do it I wouldn't
feel complete without it*
food. No water.
Abstaining from food and drink for this long is a challenge
that Gabe Golden, a second-year Arts student takes part in
once every year. During Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of
Atonement Jews of all disciplines fast for the entire day.
Yom Kippur, which always falls in September or October, is
the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, a day whenjews cleanse
themselves of their sins by abstaining from food and water,
and attending prayers at synagogue.
"It's good every once in a while to have an inner cleaning of
yourself," says Gabe. "The fact that when there's no food in
there, everything is just being cleaned out, so it's even healthy
for your body to fast every once in a while."
Her family gives money to charity as part of the tradition of
, repentance, and practices other customs which often sound
peculiar to outsiders.
"The custom sounds strange," Gabe says as she begins
describing one of the ceremonies of sin-cleansing now
observed only by the most devout Orthodox Jews. As Jews
recite special prayers, says Gabe, 'we wave a chicken, a white
chicken, over our heads three times,' and then it is slaughtered.
It's sacrificed to show that whatever sins we have should go
into the chicken, and then it's sacrificed instead of us."
But Gabe admits that fasting isn't practised regularly by
One     of
these days is
the ninth
Day of Av,
which falls
sometime in
July or
August each
year. This is
the day in
which two Jewish temples
BISMILLAH AL-RAHMAN AL-RAHEEM: UBC graduate Student Mohammad Aatif Khan opens his fast for the Islamic holy month of Ramadan with his wife
Ruhi and son Saad. After eating some dates, and performing prayers, the Pakistani family enjoys a meal of curried chicken, rice, and potatos. cynthia lee photo
PERSONAL DEVOTION: Student Daniel Potts fasts to
achieve what he believes is a closer connection with
hours.   No
TA'ANIT: Gabe Golden participates in six different fasts
over the course of a Jewish year, cynthia lee photo
most Jews today. Richard Menkis, a professor of religious studies at UBC who specialises in Judaism, says that many Jews
who fast may do so simply out of family or community pressures.
"It's hard to say people are experiencing these things all the
time, but I think that there is a certain kind of potent mythology, or potent set of ideals that are involved here that people
keep coming back to," says Menkis.
Fasting, he continues, is aimed at focusing the moral being
away from material needs and comforts. For those who fully
realise it, fasting is a time of self-scrutiny and reflection, particularly on Yom Kippur, which is intended to be a new start
each year. "I think that that is a very powerful kind of ability to
turn a new leaf. Every year there is that ability to reflect and to
try to get that fresh start'
For Gabe, however, fasting is also a way to commemorate
and mourn past tragedies. She and her family take part in six
days of fasting over the Jewish year.
were supposedly destroyed in
Jerusalem almost 700 years apart, the first destroyed by the
Babylonians in 586 BCE, and the second demolished by the
Romans in 70 CE. In commemoration of these events,
Orthodox Jews will fast from sunrise to sunset Gabe and her
family attend a local synagogue, sit on low chairs because it's
a time of mourning, and recite prayers. Gabe says this time of
mourning is aimed at keeping the past alive.
"The Temple was the centre of all Judaism in the past," she
- says. "And it's just something that we really feel that, especially today, we really feel how it's missing. The Temples are still
not rebuilt"
Gabe believes that there's a lot of misconception about why
Jews choose to fast to commemorate historical events, like the
Temples' destruction "People think we're crazy," she says.
* "They don't understand why or how fasting could help something that happened so long ago. They don't think it has any
relevance nowadays. But it's for your personal self, you go into
your own self, and you think about how you're contributing to
the whole big picture.. .It really makes you thank God for what
you do have."
*^%I^1 \# I Ei mm  I   times, ancient traditions.
(     Early Christians moved into the deserts in order to escape
the cities they considered wicked. They fasted to prepare themselves for an encounter with God. "You don't want the lower
senses, which eating is a part of, dragging you down, dragging
ithe body down dragging the spirit down," says Dietmar
'^Neufeld, a religious studies professor who teaches Christianity
|at UBC.
f Unlike Muslims and Jews, Christians do not fast at specific
Htimes. For modern Christians, fasting is an individual action
.^undertaken in an attempt to maintain purity at any point in the
fl 'Some people in the Bible fasted for ridiculously long peri-
ifods of time," says Daniel Potts, a third-year civil engineering
.student at UBC. "The longest I've ever done is two days."
.Daniel chooses to fast when he thinks it will enhance his
prayers. He began fasting during his first year of university.
Last year, he would fast once a week for a day.
"There's a sense in which if you pray when you're fasting it
really shows that you mean it more, it seems to be a more
effective prayer," he says. "It's a spiritual discipline that..tries
to take my mind and my concentration off the things that are
to do with my body and towards spiritual things, and sometimes succeeds and sometimes it doesn't Sometimes I just
feel hungry and tired."
Neufeld believes that fasting was practised at a much wider
scale during ancient times, when fasting was considered a
kind of 'personal martyrdom' for believers. But reasons for
fasting still exist today.
"A big part of [fasting] is to try to mitigate traffic with the
world," explains Neufeld, "The world being a noisy place that
seduces, that tempts, clutters the mind, and removes the person away from the object of worship.
"In order to unclutter the mind and to remove the person
from the traffic the world represents.. .you engage in a practice
that in a sense empowers you by denying the self, focuses your
mental energy and your religious energy and your spiritual
energy in a kind of razor-sharp focus, and the object of your
contemplation and of your belief then becomes much of the
focus, mainly [the object is] God."
Daniel, who lives in Gage residence, normally keeps his fasting to himself. He doesn't regularly eat with his roommates, so
no one is aware of his fasting. 'Jesus did say to his followers,"
notes Daniel, "that when you fast you shouldn't make a point of
letting other people
know, you should make
a point of keeping it private. Otherwise it's
almost like showing
Daniel, who lived in
Kenya for seven years
as a child while his
father was working in a
mission hospital,
believes that fasting is
practised much less in
North America than in
developing countries,
where people endure
greater struggles, and
are more inclined to
seek a response from
'There's just less
drive for that here
because we're so comfortable,' says Daniel,
who emphasises that
fasting has coincided
with his increased spirituality and faith. Daniel says that people are initially surprised when they find out that he fasts.
'People think it's a little strange," he admits. 'But there's a general attitude that whatever's good for you, go ahead and do it
You're a little hardcore, but go ahead.'
I 1 ■ ba Ilia %M a saying,' says Arman as he
describes the often elaborate meal—lftar— that Muslims eat to
open (or end) their fast, 'that the faster is happy at two times.
One is when he/she is opening his/her fast One is on the
Judgment day. It is a very happy occurence when you actually
open your fast"
Most Muslims begin lftar by eating a few dates and thanking God for having given them the strength to complete the
day's fast, a practice they believe Prophet Mohammed adhered
to almost 1400 years ago. Then they perform the evening
prayer, the Maghrib, and meet again to eat a large dinner.
Roasted beef, curried chicken, fried fish, lamb chops, lentils,
vegetables and sauce, rice, salad, pita bread, tahina, yams, fruit,
pastries, nuts, dried fruit halawa, baklava, rice pudding. These
are some of the many foods you might see on the table if you
attend an evening meal that a Muslim family eats during
Ramadan Arman, who moved to Canada seven years ago from
Iran says that in Jran it was typical to see 20 relatives gathered
together for a large feast Here in Vancouver, he admits he normally has dinner with only his family.
SIAM: Arman fasts daily for
Ramadan, tara westover photo
In cities throughout the Islamic world, the work and school
days are lightened during Ramadan Loud speakers call people to pray, and Muslims gather at the mosques located in
every neighbourhood. Relatives and friends gather together
for lftar. After the nightly prayers, the cities come alive, with
shopping and public gatherings lasting until the early morning hours.
This experience is fondly remembered by Muslim students
at UBC. Mohammad Aatif Khan, a graduate student in experimental medicine, lives in Acadia residence just off campus
with his wife Ruhi and one-year-old son Saad. Mohammad
moved here from Pakistan two years ago. He says that the
atmosphere here is much different from home. "When I step
outside it's like any other day," he says.
Meanwhile, Mohammad Elyas, a second-year biopsycholo-
gy student, says that since he moved to Vancouver from
Afghanistan two years ago, 'the enjoyment that you get from
Ramadan has decreased."
'Back home you're surrounded by Muslims so you have
this milieu of fasting, there's a fasting environment which
makes it very distinct," he adds.
However, both men agree that Muslims at UBC are still able
to keep the spirit of the month alive. Last year, Elyas, who is
active in the Muslim Students Association (MSA), lived in
Totem Park residence, and during Ramadan he would gather
with five or six other Muslim students in the Commons Block
to pray and eat Every night during Ramadan, Muslim students
also gather at the Acadia Pre-School for special Ramadan
Taraweeh prayers, and on Saturdays, the MSA sponsors collective lftar meals on campus.
W W I ■ Hm mm the new moon appears this month, sometime between December 24 and 26, a holiday, Eid-ul-Fitr, will
formally end Ramadan, and Muslims will gather for prayers
and celebrations to thank God for the successful month of fasting. At this time, Muslims are obliged to donate money, Zakah,
to the poor, if they can afford it Both Arman and Mohammad
say Eid is a happy event, which brings Muslims of various
nationalities together in celebration. But both agree that the Eid
is also a sad time, a time that marks the end of the most important month of the year for them. They both pray on this day that
they'll be healthy enough to fast next year.
Fasting is an ancient practice. It's about regulating the self
and celebrating as a community. It is a practice that can simultaneously unite people and provide a unique experience for
each individual. And its a practice that has remained important for many students at UBC.
But for Arman, the ultimate goal of fasting is personal. It
prepares him to face the rest of the year with a pure mind and
proper conduct Like followers of Judaism and Christianity,
Arman'says that fasting helps Muslims remember the faith
they owe to God, at both a personal and communal level. But
the bond that develops between the faster and God, he concludes, is difficult to fully explain ,.:..', . „
'I feel that I am in a direct relationship with God," says
"There is a saying that God says that fasting is Mine and I
give the reward for it...That feeling of satisfaction that's there
is really something that can't be put into words." ♦ lYh<> Or^&lth^se guys?
"f?"*3*fil*A!!* '"Hit        '
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* &&
/S^---- Page Fridav-the Ubyssey Magazine
Friday. December 1.20001 -j "j
Pepper on my plate
JL        AL. *S AL. by Jesse Jackson
at The Crying Room
until Dec. 17
This past Monday marked the third
anniversary of Vancouver's contribution to globalisation—the Asia Pacific
Economic Conference (APEC).
Perhaps you remember it as I do, a
wandering, wondering and politically
underwhelmed undergraduate, who
curiously surveyed the crowds on his
way to class. Perhaps you remember
it better, chanting against the barricades; a little 'pepper on my plate,' if
you please.
Or perhaps you remember APEC
as Johann Groebner does, as a
Maclean's poster boy, immortalised
on film being dragged away by four
officers, under arrest for assault
Pepper sprayed, your rigjits and
righteousness trampled, what's a
bitter Emily Carr graduate, community activist, and whiz-bang bike
mechanic to do? Open an art show,
of course.
Your entrance is greeted by
"Ready for the World,' a larger-than-
life rendition of police snipers peering through their high-powered
scopes. The compressed depth-of-
field means we peer back at them
through an equally powerful tele-
photo lens. Johann's show, entitled
Jean et Me, is a collection of work
inspired by the media imagery that
was produced in APEC's aftermath.
Despite the distance, the officers'
piercing, bloodless eyes bring us forward—are these mindless militant
automatons, or do they conceive the
implications of their position?
The third piece, a self-portrait of
Johann's arrest has a different feel-
less intensely visual, yet somehow
more poignant and personal. Indeed,
while all of the other wprk was produced in the past six months, this
piece dates back to 1998, and its genuine emotive qualities make the surrounding pieces seem calculated and
one-dimensional. If this show represents closure for Johann, this work
was his release.
The final works offer participation, revealing a tongue-in-cheek
side to the show. For those who were
there, who submitted a complaint,
the juxtaposition of a child's 'RCMP
Activities Book," and the official list
of complaints and complainants
offers instant gratification. For those
who weren't, the diorama of APEC
leaders in their government issue
Roots jackets provides the same:
pull the cord and their arms rise in
a Fuhrer's salute.
Highbrow and high budget this
show is not. Johann's workmanship
is often makeshift, and his brushstrokes walk a fine line between
expressionism and rushed. When I
, *     *
HEIL! This photograph of nation leaders at the 1997 APEC summit at UBC is just one of the many
media images that inspired Jean et me. jesse jackson photo t
mentioned that my editor wanted
to make sure I picked up a 'graphics package,' he could barely suppress a giggle. But it's clear that
Johann doesn't give a damn, and
his stated purpose is clearly
achieved. "The news media at the
time focused on the protest itself
rather than the reason for it,' he
says. "My work is trying to re-invest
the images with the issues that
drove the protest..'
The second piece, "Jean et me—
best friends,' is the exhibit's centrepiece. A reproduction of a newspaper article, it features our prime
minister serving up french fries in
Beijing yesterday at the opening of
Annie's, a Canadian fast food outlet' The paintings' ordered array of
dots is rendered in an aging ochre,
and Chretien's already distorted
face lends itself perfectly to Johann's
rapid brush.
If you're at all interested in the
growing anti-globalisation move
ment, or you're burned out on the
rhetoric, pay Jean et Me a visit
Forget for a moment Seattle,
Washington, DC, and the soon to be
infamous Quebec City, and recall
UBCs own moment in the sun. For
many, APEC was the event that first
expanded our consciousness, and if
the ensuing media frenzy has deadened your senses somewhat Jean et
Me's light-hearted damnation will
bring it back to life, or at least bring
a smile to your face. ♦
Thought tihiroiuigh fuiistalDletioiiis
by Michelle Mossop
at the Design Arts Gallery
until Dec 1
The Design Arts Gallery, located in
the basement of UBCs Main Library,
has once again ratcheted the definition of contemporary art with Still—
an exhibition of new work put on by
this year's fourth-year fine arts (FINA)
students. But this time 'round, the
FINA students use installations—the
art form of putting different elements
and materials together—as a way of
expressing their artistic means.
For instance, 'Care Instructions'
shows Jeff Paulson's frustration with
the washing instructions on clothing
labels. Using a black T-shirt with
white blotches as a canvass,
'BLEACHING' captures the humour
of the confusing and sometimes conflicting instructions: 'Chlorine bleach
may be used' and "Do not use chlorine."
Playing upon the cliche of 'the
eyes are windows to the soul," Jake
Brayton's mixed media/wall-painting
installation, 'Saatchi and Saatchi
Stole my Soul,' looks at the influences
of advertising on the human consciousness. He uses felt markers to
outline two large faces that span the
entire side of a wall. But the focus of the piece
is the eyes—frames made of wood and mago-
nite panel, and pupils made of the Saatchi and
Saatchi ads, including one of a Volkswagen
Golf and another of ajetta.
"There is this whole school of thought that
says that advertising is corrupting the human
soul because the human soul is made up of
our experiences and our memories," explains
Brayton. 'So what you get when you look
through the windows is that you get blank
space with an ad in it*
Other installations—such as Tina Drink's
"Installation at False Creek"—offer a forum for
WINDOWS TO THE SOUL: Jake Brayton's installation "Saatchi and Saatchi Stole my Soul" is
Arts Gallery comprised of artwork by fourth-year UBC FINA students. Brayton's work looks at
multiple interpretations of an artwork.
Drink's piece is a series of photographs of a
cylinder she made of drywall, wood, plastic,
and carpet, that she placed by some of
Vancouver's infamous 'leaky condos." There,
residents were able to vent their frustration in
permanent marker saying that the syndrome
was a 'disgusting example of how people are
being ripped off by the powers that be' and
that "leaky condos and golf are God's way of
getting even.'
Michelle Lee's 'Cultural Conflict 2000'
communicates her cultural conflict of being a
Taiwanese immigrant in Canada through
acrylic-painted images of totem poles juxtaposed with Chinese scripture. Whereas
Jennifer Propp's How 'boutyou? gyves character to her oil painting portraits with small
commentaries of each character written out
on silkscreen on canvas, making the characters pop out from the canvas.
Although most of the works were installations, Still did exhibit an interesting series of
acrylic paintings by Virginia Kwan.
'Proposals for the Olympics Dancesport Logo"
looks at the recent discussion of having
Dancesport as an event in the 2008 Olympics.
Through five different paintings, Kwan ques-
part of Still, an exhibition at the Design
the impact of advertising on the soul.
tions how a logo can typify an activity with various genres (like Latin or ballroom) in one single logo. Kwan also looks at the injuries that
come with the sport having a Band Aid on a
dancer's elbow, a lightning bolt coming off her
back, and gauze on her sprained ankle.
Still brings together all sorts of mediums,
being an exciting showcase of installation art
My only qualm was the exhibition's underground location, in the basement of Main
Library. Although suiting for its contemporary and very underground content. Still
should be made accessible for many more
to see. ♦ BABY, You Were Born to Run...
Come run for AMS office
Nominations for the following AMS positions
will open December 1, 2000 and close at
4:00pm on January 5, 2001. TAMS Elections 2001
General Duties of the Executive
Executives are elected by the student body in February and serve a one-year term in office. Executives will manage staff and
student volunteers, and oversee all operations of the AMS: services, events, businesses and student governance. Each
executive is assigned duties per his/her portfolio. Please note: As all Executive are expected to commit 30 hours/week to
their position, a course load of no more than 3 class/semester is recommended.
Acting as the Spokesperson for the Student Body, the President maintains communications between the AMS and its
membership. Coordinates full-time executive support staff team (policy analyst, communications coordinator, exec
coordinator of student services) and provides strategic direction for the Society.
Vice President Administration
Acting as Liaison between the Student Council and the AMS Resource Groups, the VP Admin oversees the 250+ AMS clubs
and the undergrad constituencies. This position is also responsible for the management of the SUB building: including its
renovations, security and bookings.
Vice President External Affairs
Acting as Liaison between the AMS and the municipal, provincial, and federal government, the VP External raises awareness
and drafts policy regarding government issues such as funding and student loans. This position also represents the AMS to
the Canadian Alliance of Student Associations and is responsible for negotiating with the GVTA and Translink on issues such
as bus routes and the UPass.
Vice President Academic and University Affairs
dealing with issues on student housing, campus safety, information technology, course curriculum, teacher evaluations, the
VP Academic drafts AMS academic policy and liaises with student senate caucus.
Vice President Finance
Drafts the annual $9 million budget and oversees the Health and Dental Plan and its bursary fund. Handles the club and
constituency bank accounts and approves grants and loans to student groups. The VP Finance also provides input on the
creation and improvement of SUB businesses.
Senate and Board of Governors Nominations
Nominating forms and further information regarding UBC Board of Governors and Senate Elections only, are available from
the Registrar's Office in Brock Hall. 822-4367.
Student Legal Fund Society Nominations
We're seeking 6 Directors responsible for the overall operations of the society, which administers the AMS Student Legal
Nomination forms and candidate information
are available in SUB Room 238.
Campaigning may begin after the close of nominations,
January 5th, 2001, 4:00pm. For more information, please contact:
Jo McFetridge, AMS Elections Administrator, elections2001@ams.ubc.ca
What does the AMS do? Visit www.ams.ubc.ca and find out. Page Fridav-the Ubvssey Magazine
Friday. December 1.20001
chanp-irw in Mark cochrane's locker room
y*     *      J by John Fenton
Mark Cochrane's collection of
poems Change Room opens with a
description of a man in a gym, lustfully watching other men:
"I am a spy/ in this chamber of
iron, dance-thump & chains/ & in
my book, you boys, I am kneading/
oil into your depilated pecs, in my
Upon my interview with
Cochrane, this poem, inspired by
UBC's very own Bird Coop, made me
wonder what kind of guy I was about
to meet I did not know whether I
was about to be berated by either
flowery poetics or sexual aggression.
But when the moment finally
arrived, I was relieved.
In fact Cochrane seems to be just
a regular guy, 'I teach English and
Composition at Kwantlen College,
review books for the Vancouver Sun,
and am in second year law at UBC,"
he says.
But Cochrane's series of poems
is far from being just average. With
genderhending as his focus, The
Changing Room utilises a certain
I   ■■■■.    '    7-J
amount of voyeuristic intimacy. His
sexual analysis examines all
avenues of life, from reflective starry beach nights to those group showers after practice.
Mark Cochrane explains that the
most enjoyable aspect of his book is
to read to an audience—gay or not—
and to see their reaction.
'That's exactly what I wanted to
do,* he says about using the poem
for homosexual shock value.
According to Cochrane, many of the
men who listen to Cochrane's gym
voyeurism appreciate the bold act of
reading these illicit thoughts. Some
were astonished, and those were the
people who Cochrane most enjoyed
reading to.
In "Hospital Greens," Cochrane
changes gears briefly in order to
depict hospital life and sickness.
The poetry appears to follow a
slightly confused pattern, with an
extensive use of technical terminology, as if a patient sitting in the hospital bed, lets all the medical lingo
flow by; ignorant to the very information that pertains to their
While this technical aspect of
the book was not the main topic of
our discussion, Cochrane says it
will be the focus of his future poetry. He says he is planning on following this collection with one that
utilises the vast technical language
of the law. This seems suiting, giving Cochrane's current studies in
law—making it easy to see where he
draws his inspiration—himself.
"It is weird, but I rise above,' he
says about his writing being deeply
autobiographical. In fact, in the
poem 'Game Theory,' Cochrane
uses his fixation with the athletic
prowess of a finely tuned athlete in
sexual terms, thus, never taking
responsibility for the feelings of his
reader. Mark explains that his
intention in 'Game Theory' was to
take beauty to another level; to
refuse us the ability for escapism
in sports.
In his poems, he lures his male
2001 - we were supposed to have taken a
manned mission to
Jupiter by n®w. Read
about what is actually
going on.
before Flash Gordon
Thunderbird Holiday Classic
On campus during the break? Head on over to the gym!
24 Hr-Score's & Info
Men's Basketball Tournament
December 28-30
War Memorial Gym
Featuring Victoria, McGill,
, Wilfrid Laurier, Calgary, Trinity
Western and your UBC Thunderbirds
Women's and Men's
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reader in with passionate descriptions
of hockey, transfixing
any fan. As one reads,
one's " guard is
dropped by the familiar subject matter.
However, just as one
is expecting to read
'He shootsl He
scoresl" Mark pulls
the carpet from
beneath the exciting
images transforming
the hockey into a
medium for homosexuality.
Cochrane says his
poems are intended
to poison the heterosexual purity of professional sports that
exists for so many
men, biting his
thumb at that aggressive red-neck, hockey-playing persona
that he confessed
was so integral in his
growing years.
Amidst this description of physical fascination, the
author also reveals his more sexless
In "Locker Room,' the third section of Change Room, the reader is
transported back to the days of high
school; back to a time of self-consciousness. It is here where the
intensity of Cochrane's voyeurism
erupts: how to peruse the flesh of
others without being noticed.
"I guess it is those guys in high
school. You know, the ones who just
grew faster than other kids,' he
says. "I was always aware of those
locker room differences'
Cochrane's hindsight openness
towards teenage homosexuality is
bold with his present day attitudes
in place. When discussing this portion of the book, we talked about
whether teens today could openly
announce their homosexual feelings
without    severe     repercussions.
COCHRANE: Some of his poems are set in
UBC's Bird Coop, tara westover photo
Drawing from his own experiences
growing up in rural Saskatchewan
(amidst the pick-up truck dream),
Cochrane notes that there is still a
vast amount of people whose conservative viewpoints still dominate
small town-life, making it difficult to
be honest about sexuality.
The fourth and final section of
the book is entitled "Line Jumpers."
It is all about lines, jumping, and
bisexuality. But this is something
that Cochrane identifies with. "I
identify with border breakdowns,
those grey areas," he explains.
While many people might not
agree with Mark Cochrane's
perspective in Change Room they
will appreciate its innocence. While
other poets might worry about being
type-casted after such a controversial debut Mark Cochrane is not He
is, instead, simply going to keep
keenly observing. ♦
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TELUS is an equal opportunity employer. 141
Friday. December 1.2000
Page Fridav-the Ubvssev Magazine
Daiiah Merzaban
Alex Dimson
Cynthia Lee
Michelle Mossop
Tom Peacock
Nicholas Bradley
Tristan Winch
Tara Westover
Holland Gidney
Graeme Worthy
Laura Blue
Ernie Beaudin
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper erf the
University cf British Columbia.  H is published every
Tuesday and Friday by The Ubyssey Publications Society,
We are an autonomous, democratically run student organisation, and al students are encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the Ubyssey staff.
They are the expressed opinion o* the staff, and do not
necessarily reflect the views of The Ubyssey Publications
Society or the University of British Columbia,
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University
Press (CUF^ and adheres to CUPs guiding principles.
Al editorial content appearing in The Ubyssey is the property erf The Ubyssey Pubfications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein cannot
be reproduced without the expressed, written permission
of The Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. Please
include your phone number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as wel as your year and faculty with al
submissions. ID wi be checked when submissions are
dropped off at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification wil be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but
under 750 words and are run according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff
members. Priority wil be given to letters and perspectives
over freestyfes unless the latter is time sensitive. Opinion
pieces wi not be run untl the identity of the writer has
been verified
It is agreed by al persons placing display or classified
advertising that if the Ubyssey Publications Society fails to
publish an advertisement or if an error in the ad occurs the
liability of the UPS wi not be greater than the price paid
for the ad. The UPS shal not be responsible for slight
changes or typographical errors that do not lessen the
value or the impact of the ad
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Fernie Pereira
Jennifer Copp
Shatene Takara
The mood was decide^ festive. Daiiah Merzaban, however,
wasn't eating. She was fasting. Nick Bradley, on the other
hand, was at the other extreme, boozing it up with Holland
Gidney, Michelle Mossop and the rest of the crew, much to
the amusement of Laura Blue, who split a two-four with
Helen Eady. Tom Peacock said that they were lightweights,
but he hadn'i seen Sarah Morrison yet who seemed to be
tipsy off of the fumea from Tristan Winch's amazingly potent
beverage. Cynthia Lee-ever the news hound-asked what it
was, but he declined to answer, saying only that it was an
unfortunate blend of flavours and hinted cryptically about
Duncan McHugh's basement Alei Dimson was intrigued by
the ominous mysteiy °f *-• whole thing and, despite calls for
temperance from Hywei Tuscano, explored the strangely
potent brew with uncharactersitic ferocity. Tara Westover
knew what was up, so she hid behind Jesse Jackson. Alex
began to glow, with some strange and unnatural light that
seemed to be coming from inside. George Belliveau stood
there, dumbfounded, unable to move or breathe, he nudged
Mike Brazao. and whispered. 'It's like what happened to John
Canada Pari Sdw AgraacMat Numb* 073214*
Imprisonment of
protesters is a
political sentence
Why are killers and rapists eligible
for parole after serving two-third3
of their sentence, but peaceful anti-
logging protesters are not? Why is
it that I, a seventy-two-year-old
great grandmother, when arrested
in the Elaho for protesting
Interfor's logging practices there,
was denied my rights under the
Charter by being tossed into a special arrest and charge category?
This category is called arrest by
injunction and leads to the charge
of criminal contempt of court It is
reserved primarily for anti-logging
protesters. There is no defence for
a charge in this category, under the
criminal code, or anywhere else.
It's a legal pit, a black hole, if you
will, directed by the Attorney
General and orchestrated by the
judges of this province to protect
the logging companies' private
economic interest on public land.
And the use of this kind of arrest
and charge is always a political
A year's sentence to prison
without possibility of parole for
standing in front of a logging truck
is a blatantly political sentence.
And one that makes me a political
prisoner in a countiy that isn't
supposed to have any. How can
our government scold other countries about human rights with a
straight face? Is it not readily perceivable that the BC government
promotes the right of a rapacious
private logging company to accrue
to itself all the rights of private
ownership on publie land without
any of the costs? And to ruin our
forests in the bargain? And then to
swiftly and severely punish anyone who objects with a special
punishment reserved just for
them? It is certainly clear to me. I
live out this promotion every day.
In prison.
-Betty Krawczyk
Inmate at the Burnaby
Correctional Centre for Women
SkyTrain clean
and efficient
If many more citizens and news
media strongly voiced their support
for the extension of SkyTrain—a very
clean and efficient mode of transportation—to much more of the
Lower Mainland, it's quite likely that
a lot more car drivers would leave
their vehicles at home and ride the
reliable SkyTrain; as well, perhaps
then automobile levies would be
less, or not at all, necessary ("UBC
AMS Bike Co-op supports TransLink
vehicle levy* [Letters, Nov.  15]).
Yes, it will cost quite a bit for
such an extension; however, the
considerable quantity, over an
extensive period of time, of fossil-
fuel emissions which will be eliminated by SkyTrain utilisation
should, in my opinion, take precedence over any fiscal issues. Really,
what good is a balanced government budget when people are getting very sick or dying from the fossil fuel exhaust polluted air?
Not only will SkyTrain not emit
fossil fuel exhaust, the fact is, it will
not force the cessation of automobile traffic, as do regular trains at
their many road/track junctures;
thus automobile traffic will not be
forced to spew out fossil fuel
exhaust whenever they are forced
to stop, idle and then accelerate
once the train finally passes the
juncture. Furthermore, SkyTrain
cars can be safely added whenever
increased ridership requires them,
and without the expensive necessity of adding additional human drivers (as are required with alternative modes of public transportation, which may explain why the
TransLink union is not too thrilled
about SkyTrain).
Even though one should take
into consideration the pollution
caused during the construction of
new SkyTrain infrastructure, the
recognition of the overall net environmental benefits of SkyTrain
over the alternatives (a West Coast
Express system, for example) are a
-Frank G. Sterle
White Rock Page Fridav-the Ubvssey Magazine
Friday. December 1.200QI4 C
Love is a late riser
by Michael Brazao
at the Stanley Theatre
until Dec. 31
Somebody forgot to set the alarm clock for this one. Director
Morris Panych's musical production of She Loves Me stumbles
languidly out of the blocks, sleepwalking its way to the intermission. Only thanks to the performance of a crafty cuisinier
midway through the show does it manage to pick up the tremendous slack left by its false start, making a serious run for the finish.
She Loves Me is the tale of a parfumerie clerk, Georg
Nowack (Peter Jorgensen), who is unwittingly engaged in an
anonymous romantic correspondence with his colleague and
nemesis, Amalia Balash (Katey Wright). In the early goings of
this musical (whose storyline is the basis for the Hollywood feature You've Got Mail), the obvious aim is for quaintness. It's just
too bad this had to be achieved at the expense of creativity.
The overture may have been entitled "Good Morning," but
don't let the misnomer fool you—there was little to rouse the
audience. Often fighting to be heard over their own orchestra,
the seemingly shackled cast couldn't stop dragging their feet
long enough to put together some interesting dance steps. Amid
all this plodding, we learn that life is simple in the parfumerie,
where clerks obsequiously cater to the whims of the local high
society as they peddle their meaningless trinkets.
Enter Amalia, who wins a job from the parfumerie's owner
Mr. Maraczek (Don Mackay) by successfully hawking a musical
cigarette box after George had wagered it couldn't be done. Such
a trivial premise for conflict between lead characters is a
stretch, and it later seems inconceivable that George could hold
such a grudge. This, of course, is poison for the dramatic irony
that the cast relies on to drive the story.
We learn that Amalia has been secretly
exchanging letters with an anonymous amour she
met through a Lonely Hearts Club, who just so happens to be the very clerk she is at odds with. As we
progress toward the inevitable meeting of these
impossible lovers in a French bistro, the tension of
the impending revelation is compromised by the
indifference of audience and cast members alike.
It is at this point that the sagging production
owes much to James Fagan Tait vyho, in the role of
the French waiter, steals the restaurant scene with
"A Romantic Atmosphere," and in doing so, saves
the show. His perfect blend of sauciness and the
requisite pretence serves as the catalyst that rouses the cast from its slumber. For the first time in
too long, the players ditch their leg irons and
demonstrate some inspired choreography, an
impressive meld of Russian, French, and Latin palettes. The
momentum from this scene carries through to the final curtain
as the audience, happy to see that the performers had stopped
hitting the snooze button, responded to the infectious energy
with doles of laughter.
Undeniably, the strongest asset of this musical production is
the acting. The leads get their act together down the home
stretch, delivering some convincing banter and driving home
the humour that sorely lacked early on. All of the supporting
players were superbly cast and although they are necessarily
confined to portraying stereotypical and one-dimensional characters, they nevertheless manage to exploit their respective
In "Perspective," David Marr offers the first moment of genuine comic relief as Ladislav Sipos, the groveling, bootlicking
toady to the parfumerie's owner. Lawrence Cotton drips with
sleaze, portraying the philandering cad Steven Kodaly, a character who is matched with equal strength by Hona Ritter (Leora
Cashe). Cashe brings the most complex supporting character
vividly to life in a strong performance of a woman who is both
vociferous in her contempt toward men, yet doomed to repeat
her past romantic ordeals. "Try Me* is the breakout number for
Mackay, who uses it to overcome an ineffectual first-half. Todd
Talbot was effectively amusing as Arpad Laszlo, the young wetback delivery boy chomping at the bit for a piece of the clerkship
When called upon, all the cast members show boundless
energy and a genuine ability to please the audience, which begs
the obvious queston: What were they waiting for? Ultimately,
the music was solid but bland, lacking that quintessential feature of any great musical—the catchy theme you find yourself
humming to in the aisles on the way out the door. The set was
largely commodious, but showed flashes of inspiration. In fact,
in virtually eveiy domain, the play seemed to be a victim of
reduced expectations: perhaps by lowering the bar, they felt
they could just step over it ♦
Another Christmas Carol
by George Belliveau
at the Waterfront Theatre
until Dec 23
Most people are familiar with the story of A
Christmas Carol, either from having read the
Dickens' novel or having seen one of the numerous television and film adaptations. And most
theatre patrons in Canada are familiar with
Mavor Moore, as he is one of the most prominent figures in musical theatre this country has
produced. So you can see how I had certain
expectations upon entering the theatre to see
Moore's musical adaptation of the classic 19th
century novel. Unfortunately, Carousel Theatre's
production of A Christmas Carol fails to enlighten, inspire, or even entertain.
However, certain elements of the production
does succeed in making this a family-oriented
piece. For example, the musical's running time
is just over an hour long. In this shortened version, many episodes from the original story are,
as would be expected, cut or condensed; however, the character development of the wonderful
Dickensian characters suffers deeply. We do witness Ebenezer Scrooge's change of heart, from a
miserly misanthrope to a generous and caring
being, but the other characters are one dimensional, making only brief appearances. The lack
of character development diminishes our empathy toward the story, and the goodwill and
merry feeling is missing in the end. As for the
musical numbers, only "It must be Scrooge' is
marginally captivating despite some good voices.
Douglas Welch's Victorian set design is perhaps the most impressive aspect of the production. His set and lighting give the sense and feel
of the 19th century, the effective use of the
revolve diversifies the locations, and the paint
job livens the backdrops. In the title role,
Bernard Cuffling has some nice moments, especially in the scenes with Christmas Past where
he longs to go back and change his earlier decisions. Cailin Stadnyk's voice shines through in a
few numbers, and it's a shame we don't hear
her more. Also, director Zain Meghji did a good
job creating numerous roles, yet the other
actors, for the most part, overplay their roles,
often losing their credibility and our interest
And I was uncertain whether musical director
Bruce Johnson was playing the music live from
backstage or whether it is pre-recorded-either
way, a live and visible musician offers another
desirable element to a musical.
Several of the younger kids and teenagers in
the audience seemed to enjoy A Christmas
Carol but I was left feeling let down. I wasn't
humming any of the tunes, I wasn't moved by
the story, and it didn't theatrically engage me. ♦
Independent student newspaper seeks students for writing, production, maybe
more? You are: willing (to write) energetic, have a way with words, warmblooded. We have: free food, funny people, papers out twice a week. Not into
head games, but likes group staff meetings. Come join us, on Wednesday
January 10. 12:30 pm. Room 241K in the SUB. Bring a friend (or even better,
friGnd8)" THE UBYS$EY
We have 30 Double Passes and Posters lo give away for the
Dec 4th Screening of Vertkal Limit. Visit Room SUB245 for details.
Come to Silt lloom 245 with
Ihe answer lo Ihe question
below, and you may win a
copy of St ARIL YX MAXSOX's
latest CD "HOLY WOOD"!
Question: Xante the new single from Marilyn
Manson's new CD 'Holy Wood'.
Friday. December 1.2000
Page Fridav-the Ubvssev Magazine
his mind
at the Norm fniatre * *
Nov. 28
Text and graphics by Helen Eady
^0 His
ft ?qtsoto
the Mot^ -meme wr\sPft<xtD
ft tod a 6 *
hours, .>
The. Spoken loo^.v^omj..
E-mail: Tirrt,w'e need you to work
the midnigh^shift this Sunday.
Voice Mail: *lt's Professor Mills.
The exam hgs been rescheduled
for Monday"
Fax: Super Seat Sale
Escape to Mexico today
&*4^^'^^i'i&^^J%fMfejAift^o^iJviVw\i^*f'i. W.
NOW you Can get ail your messages in one place. E-mail. Voice Mail Even faxes With Onebox from
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Master of Ails in Humanities
The Faculty of Arts at the University of Alberta
announces a new two-year M.A. degree in Humanities
Beginning September 2001, the program integrates
computational methods and theories with research and
teaching in the humanities.
It addresses the demand for Arts graduates who are
proficient in computing skills. Alumni will be able to
work both in the realm of humanities research and
teaching and in the emerging job markets of information
management and content delivery over the Internet
For more information on the program, or to request
application materials, please write to
huco@maU.arfs.ualberta.ca. Additional information is
available on-line at: WWW, arts .ualbetta. ca /huCQ


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