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The Ubyssey Mar 26, 1974

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Array McCorkle given ultimatum
A music student has demanded
music head Donald McCorkle
either publically apologize for
remarks he made about him in a
Dec. 10 faculty memo or take
evidence to court to back the
George Austin, chairman of the
MUS aims, policies and grievances
committee, charges in an open
letter that McCorkle has shown
gross disrespect for him as a
person and the committee as a
properly constituted body.
The charges arise from a McCorkle memo to faculty, published
later in The Ubyssey, in which the
head accuses Austin's committee
Vol. LV, No. 63
of undertaking a "futile effort . . .
to gain 'credibility' as a power-
force, to direct student opinion."
"I would question how seriously
we as a faculty can take the
demands of a committee composed
of less than outstanding students,
while they purport to speak for
their fellow students in matters of
academic concern," McCorkle's
memo continues.
Austin, who has refused until
now to publicly rebutt these
charges, accuses McCorkle of not
listening to student opinion and of
stifling "healthy questioning at-
■ ". . .1 would suggest that you
publicly apologize to me and the
members of the APG committee
for the damaging innuendo contained in your new infamous memo
or publicly present evidence to
support your charges. The only
alternative would be to present
such evidence in a court of law."
The committee was formed in an
attempt to investigate the
allegations that McCorkle had a
closed-door policy and that factionalism was increasing in the
department. Austin, in his role as
committee chairman, has tried
several times since his appointment last October to meet'
with McCorkle but no meeting has
Throughout the fall term,
students and faculty began
speaking out against McCorkle
attacking him for inaccessibility,
authoritarian policies and
claiming he is generally incompetent.
Sources within the department
now say at least five and possibly
more faculty members are considering leaving UBC because they
cannot operate under McCorkle.
One source said in a recent interview that because of a UBC
music department policy of
refusing to allow second year
music students from community
colleges into the third-year level at
UBC, many community colleges
around the Lower Mainland are
building up their own departments.
Many of the UBC profs are considering leaving to join a community college faculty, the source
Ubyssey 30s
Warning to all pundits of this fair
campus; this is your final call for
hot flashes, tween classes, scandals and other trivia for Friday's
final edition of The Ubyssey for the
One UBC music prof, who asked
not to be identified, said Monday:
"There is no doubt this is an
autocratic department. The
delegation of authority has been
carefully allotted to withdraw
decision making from certain
members of the department who
are perhaps in opposition to the
current head and to carefully
negate their opinions.
"No administrative decisions
can  be  made  without  checking
downstairs (McCorkle's office),"
he said.
The prof said outside pressure
has forced more frequent faculty
meetings. In addition to arts dean
Doug Kenny, he said, "pressure
has come from some of McCorkle's
supporters who, realize the
department is disintegrating."
"The only solution would be to
get rid of McCorkle."
He said he is not contemplating
leaving    the   department   yet
although he said he will if the
situation doesn't improve.
"I want the department to
straighten itself out, to start
treating students like human
"I don't want to see students put
in jeopardy because of 'political
activism.' "
The prof said he is almost
heartbroken with the situation in
the department. "This used to be
See page 2: McCORKLE
; * _L«__r_.«-'. a i "__**«  w       ''.O'
"f ,'4,-*_.   '.
"GODDAM AIR POLLUTION, I'm walking", says unidentified pigeon seen walking across.campus Monday.
Actually pigeon is music department's new method of communication inaugurated by music undergraduate
society to replace outdated telephone and spoken English. Pigeon said in interview he hopes to use small
stature and inconspicuous appearance to "get in on the ground floor".
'I'm not incompetent'
Education minister Eileen Dailly
denied Monday press and opposition MLA's charges that she is
In an interview with The
Ubyssey at the B.C. Teachers
Federation Convention in Vancouver, Dailly said specific improvements have been made in
public  school   education   despite
backs down
HAMILTON, Ont. (Staff) — The
McMaster University administration capitulated to student
demands over the weekend and
agreed to hold an open senate
meeting to discuss the firing of
three popular French professors.
But student leaders say the
situation remains explosive and an
unsatisfactory meeting will lead to
"all hell breaking loose" at the
"As it is, the French students are
very unhappy that we've agreed to
a meeting," a student spokesman
said. "They say that nothing will
come out of it, which is more than
"And they say the administration is just stalling until
the summer so they can go ahead
and do what they want anyway."
But he said students are ready to
go out on strike immediately if the
meeting doesn't meet their
The students are protesting the
recent firing of three French
professors. The administration Mas
rehired two of them as lecturers at
lower pay scales, but students say
this is not enough.
Meanwhile, seven French
students' union members, arrested
after an occupation of administration president A. N.
Bounre's office, are still waiting
for charges to be laid.
The students were roughly
handled and insulted by police on
their arrests, leading to a sympathy occupation last Wednesday
of the registrar's office by hundreds of people.
"The university is still simmering and I don't think the administration's stall tactics will be
successful," one student said.
"They can't really think they can
push it into summer.
"I mean, after all, they're the
ones who boast about the size of
their summer enrolment."
charges that her department has
failed to make concrete improvements.
"The whole theme is decentralization," she said.
Dailly also promised "there will
be action very soon" on the introduction of new universities and
colleges acts, probably in the fall
legislature session.
The minister refused to divulge
contents of the new acts, saying
she has to wait until the committee
on university goverance submits
its final brief to her next month.
The committee's first working
paper, released last fall, recommended an expanded boa^-d of
governors without students or
faculty, a contracted senate and a
commission to .appropriate
government funds to B.C.s three
With the exception of a students
brief from the Coalition for
University Reform, the committee
has heard fairly moderate
proposals and it is expected the
final report will not vary greatly
from the working paper.
Dailly said she supports the
committee's working paper
recommendation that a central,
lay dominated governing body be
established to distribute the
operating funds.
This central grants board might
resolve some of the conflicts about
operating budget restrictions,
between premier Dave Barrett and
B.C.'s university administrators,
she said.    •
Dailly agreed with statements by
Barrett last Friday that the
universities can expect more
operating funds than was
originally anticipated, but they will
still have to extend their community involvement.
Administration presidents
Walter Gage from UBC, Kenneth
Strand of Simon Fraser University
and Hugh Farquhar of the
University of Victoria met with
Barrett and Dailly last Tuesday to
discuss the government's budget.
In the budget, Barrett only
allocated an additional $10 million
for increased operating costs for
the three universities.
The universities protested this
amount was insufficient to meet
rising labor costs and inflation.
The university presidents had
"misconceptions about the
government's attitude towards
the university budgets" before the
meeting, she said.
Dailly said her general
educational philosophy is that the
universities should be more closely
linked to the outside communities
they supposedly serve.
"The premier and I agree on
this. Although there may be many
fine things in the universities
today" the average person — the
general public — is not being
adequately served by them, she
In an apparent attempt to increase community involvement in
UBC the government recently
announced the appointment of
laborite Clyve Lytle to the board
of governors to replace provincial
court judge Les Bewley.
But the government reappointed
Chuck Connaghan of Construction
Labour Relations to his senate post
which means he will remain on the
board as senate's representative.
Some NDP members said at the
time that Connaghan's reappointment was contrary to the
policy of more community involvement. Page 2
-»     Tuesday, March 26, 1974
'McCorkle can't communicate with people'
From page 1
the most congenial department on
campus," he said. "It's to the point
now where teachers are very
careful who they talk to amongst
Former department head Welton
Marquis said Monday the main
problem in the department is lack
of communication.
"Some people can't communicate  with human  beings,
some can," he said in an interview.
"He (McCorkle) has lots to learn
about how to communicate with
members of his department and
Marquis said McCorkle should
show more interest in obvious
ways. "Heads have to keep their
doors open. People shouldn't have
to make appointments every time
they want to see him."
McCorkle could not be reached
Qu e s ti onnair e
A student committee has been meeting for six weeks to discuss
proposals for restructuring the Alma Mater Society. The first two
alternatives represent what some committee members feel are
proposals which will tnake the society more responsive to student
needs. The third choice is to leave the society largely the way it is now.
Please check off one choice and return to the AMS internal affairs
officer, care of campus mail 9 (that's free folks), or drop it by the AMS
executive offices in the northwest corner of SUB. Additional comments
would be appreciated.
Background fee information: The current AMS fee is $34 (on top of the
regular tuition fee). $5 goes directly to extramural athletics, $5 to pay
student contributions to the proposed covered swimming pool, $15 to pay
off the Student Union Building debt and $9 for activities and AMS services.
1) The Alma Mater Society of UBC should be a voluntary
organization of students.
The issue of principle for a voluntary AMS is that it is unjust to force
students to support a student society which serves the grandiose plans
of a few people to promote themselves.
In order to end this situation, compulsory membership and fees must
be removed. In this way, students avoid having to pay for future
shopping centres, movie theatres, extra gyms, pools, etc.
The administration may continue to collect $15 per student to pay the
SUB mortgage. They would still-be collecting the money from students,
students still have full rights in principle to use of the building.
The SUB cafeteria, the SUB facility most used by students, will
continue to be run by the administration as it is now through its student
If the administration tries to remove other facilities, or to kick the
student clubs out of SUB, students can fight for their right to use these
The university has a responsibility to provide facilities for both
student and community groups.
Would most students join a voluntary AMS? If not, then that clearly
shows that the AMS does not serve the interests of most students. When
student politicians have to convince students that it is worthwhile
belonging to and paying for AMS as a voluntary organization there will
be an AMS that truly serves the real interests of its members.
AMS executive members can use the little AMS "empire" as a
stepping-stone to their business or political careers. AMS executive
posts provide managerial experience to cite when applying for a job.
It is no accident that the administrative functions of the AMS have
been steadily growing over the years. A bigger AMS "empire" looks
better when applying for a job. So we have SUB, with its $15 fee, the
covered pool ($5 per student per year), and of course the AMS business
office (about $3.50 per student per year).
It is quite unjust that students should be forced to pay for an
organization which serves only the interests of a handful of student
Voluntary organization would force students interested in student
politics to provide actual leadership for the student body, or be ignored.
The only just position is that AMS membership and fees should be
2) The basic unit of the AMS should become the undergraduate
society, or in the case of large faculties, the departmental union. The
AMS council would be composed of representatives of these societies,
rather than independently elected councillors. Either the undergraduate society president would sit on council — as is the case with
some faculties already — or a member of the undergraduate executive
selected by the executive would represent a given faculty on council.
This would help councillors to know their undergraduate societies and
make sure they will be in closer touch with the issues and opinions of the
students they represent.
All elected executive positions except president should be abolished.
The voter turnout in AMS elections is ludicrously low and the. executive
too powerful. As well the current large executive election system encourages slates which means often incompetents can get elected on the
coat-tails of popular candidates.
All executive members who were deemed necessary would be elected
by council from its membership. Representatives selected to a higher
office would then be replaced by another representative from their
undergraduate society.
Elected officers would conduct many of the same duties as current
officers do but they would work under the auspices of several committees which would be composed of society and council members
selected by the council.
The net result of this system would be a flow of power from the bottom
of the society up through to the top. The structure could be set up so that
if people wanted to participate in decision making they could.
3) With some minor reforms leave the AMS as it is now.
The choices:
1) Make the AMS membership voluntary.
2) Decentralize the society.
3) Leave it be.
Send to AMS internal affairs officer, SUB, campus.
for comment by The Ubyssey
Fifteen music profs sent a letter
to Kenny Dec. 10 asking to meet
with him to discuss grievances
within the department. A department source said Kenny did meet
with them — individually.
"I went to meet him (Kenny)
expecting nothing and came out of
the meeting with nothing," he said.
Copies of the memo were also
sent to administration president
Walter Gage but he said at the time
the decision on what action to take
was up to Kenny. According to The
Ubyssey's sources, Kenny has
taken no specific action in the
matter and will not do so until after
the selection committee, searching
for a new UBC president, makes
some sort of decision. Kenny is still
in the running according to
selection committee sources.
MUS president Eric Wyness met
with McCorkle Monday and
following the meeting charged that
he couldn't discuss anything.
"The aim of MUS is communication," Wyness said. "Here
is a man who talks like some kind
of demi-god.
"He is the authority and you are
the serf."
In his memo, Austin, music 1,
questioned McCorkle's position as
department head.
"You seem to think, sir, that
your position as head of the
department allows you to have
little regard for the thoughts of
your students.
"If the university is not a place
where academics and philosophy
can exist side  by  side  I  would
suggest that its title be changed to.
post-secondary high school.
Austin said he came to the
department last September as a
reasonably mature adult who
expected to be treated as one.
"I must admit that in this
respect you are the only exception."
Harold Edelstam
the junta
from the list of endorsers:
UBC AMS; UBC Graduate Student Association;
B.C. NDP Legislative Caucus; Canadian Committee for Justice"
to Latin American Political Prisoners (CCLA); Canadians for
Democracy in Chile; Chile Solidarity Committee;
UBC Anglican-United Campus Ministry
mED.mntuH 27 spm
uniTflmnn church
49th and Oak
Edelstam Tour Organizing Committee: c/o CCLA P.O. Box 35544, Station "E" Van.
733-9544 or 688-7640
Harald Edelstam was expelled from Chile
because his actions were 'not compatible
with world diplomatic tradition,1 according to military regime there. Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Page 3
Teds co-opt women's groups
A "funding mentality" is co-
opting political organizers according to two UBC women attending a workshop for women's
groups sponsored by the secretary
of state over the weekend.
Catherine Turner of the women's
legal advice centre said Monday
the government grant system is
manipulative in its control of
"Among the women a certain
sense of guilt develops from trying
to make the objectives of the group
palatable to the granting agency,"
she said.
Jeannette Auger of the UBC
women's office agreed that most of
her energies are now devoted to
applying for funds to keep the
project operating and that appears
a common phenomenon.
"The organization becomes
whatever will suit the funding
agency and its decision makers
become those who need the job,"
she said.
Turner added that most groups
carry on the energies of those who
will hang on after the money runs
out. Auger said the needs of the
women using the services should
determine the type of program
offered and her group has tried to
follow this practice.
The workshop's concensus was
that government largesse is a
destructive means for funding and
considered a proposal that women
should themselves raise a central
fund   and   make   dispersals   ac
cording to their own priorities.
More than 40 women from B.C.
and the Yukon attended the three-
day conference in Kamloops to
discuss the scheduled topics of the
status of women, women's studies
programs and funding programs.
It was sponsored by the secretary
of state's women's program.
The most contentious issue was
the unscheduled matter of a
women's ministry introduced by
Gene Errington of the B.C. Status
of Women.
The majority opinion opposed
establishing the separate ministry
and supported working through
existing departments. Most
delegates thought all women's
problems would be channelled off
into an empty ministry with no
power and no money which would
be an extra level of bureaucracy.
Turner said those who support a
separate ministry forget most
problems facing women are also
common to men, such as unfair
labor practices and denial of civil
liberties, so no purpose is served
by pushing a separate ministry.
"The women's movement isn't
an end in itself. Because of the
nature of the things that need to be
changed, those changes will serve
men too," she said.
"Why fight Barrett over a
women's ministry? Let's get
started working with the other
departments. Why organize a
department with no power and
work our asses off for nothing? If
we have a problem related directly
NDP looks great
for Parti Quebecois
RIMOUSKI, Que. (CUP) — The
Parti Quebecois would like to see
the NDP in power when it
negotiates for Quebec's separation
from Canada and the PQ will
"most likely" back the NDP in the
next federal election.
Addressing a group of union
leaders recently, Jacques-Yvan
Morin, PQ house leader, said
riding associations should and
most likely will support the NDP.
"I would like to have the NDP in
power in Canada when we
separate," Morin said. "I want to
establish a social democracy for
and by the Quebecois and so much
the better if it happens in English
He said the PQ is more to the left
than the NDP but the two have
much in common.
Three days earlier, party leader
Rene Levesque called the NDP
"the only decent party who seem
able to get Canada out of the rut it's
He was a little more hesitant
about saying the PQ will back the
NDP. Following Morin's announcement, Levesque said it was
a little premature, that the matter
would have to be debated at the
next PQ convention.
Levesque met with B.C. NDP
premier Dave Barrett last
November and has high praise for
the social-democratic B.C.
government. He said at the time
the policies put into effect in B.C.
have been advocated by the PQ for
many years, and ideologically, the
PQ is similar to the NDP.
The president of the Quebec NDP
called Morin's attitude "positive
and natural."
Levesque said the factors that
would make the final decision
would not be ideological; the PQ
would be the one taking all the risk
in such an adventure. The NDP
received only six per cent of the
vote in Quebec in the last federal
election and up until now there has
been little to indicate gains have
been made.
There has, however, been a
marked change in editorial
positions   of  French   language
papers in regards to the NDP,
especially toward the social-
democratic policies of the Barrett
The PQ itself is going through
identity changes as well. It has
allied itself more closely to the
labor movement in recent months.
During the last election, the party
was careful not to alienate itself
from the people by siding too
closely with the militant Quebec
labor movement. Morin's speech to
union representatives and
Levesque's recent appearance
with a Quebec labor common front
panel in support of the militant
aircraft plant strikers are only two
examples of the PQ's change of
The PQ is also helping organize a
people's party to contest the upcoming Montreal civic elections.
In the Quebec provincial election
last fall, the PQ formed the official
opposition for the first time, polling
about 30 per cent of the popular
vote. They saw this as their goal in
the election although they are
overshadowed by the more than
100   Liberal   members-
to a particular department, go to it
directly," Auger said.
The conference also elected five
delegates to go to Victoria next
week to demand that women's
groups be consulted before passing
any legislation affecting women.
The secretary of state representatives said they could provide
a service by holding workshops to
teach skills in leadership and
organizing tactics.
Turner suggested such
"training" is always necessary
because constant re-evaluation
must be done to keep a project
moving forward.
"Most of us begin with a
theoretical approach to a problem
and proceed to go to work on it. To
avoid frustration it is necessary to
return to the stage of theoretical
analysis to give clarity to our
practical experience."
Many women were enthusiastic
about the development of a
women's college similar to Antioch
College which gives credit for life
Auger said the school would be
based on involvement in the
community and the academic work
would relate directly to the service
done there. She said there will be a
conference organized in June to
discuss the feasibility of the idea.
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—larry manulak photo
COMPETING FOR SPACE various UBC erections poke concrete heads skyward in effort to thwart grad class
efforts to cover all buildings with ivy. High price of ivory has seriously hindered construction of traditional
ivory towers as this view from top of Angus building demonstrates.
Beach case in court soon
The lawyer preparing the
Vancouver park board's application for an injunction to keep
protestors away from Towers
Beach said Monday he hopes the
case can  go  before  the  courts
sometime this week.
Charles Fleming, corporation
counsel for the city, said when the
application is prepared it will be
filed at the court house and a
hearing date will be set. Writs will
Atwood snubs Russians
TORONTO (CUP) — Novelist Margret Atwood has
refused to take part in a Canada-Soviet cultural
exchange  program   until   the   climate  in   Russia
becomes more stable. .
Atwood was to leave for Russia for a month-long
tour March 20 as part of the cultural exchange
agreement worked out by the two governments last
Soviet poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko came to Canada
early this year and addressed enthusiastic audiences
in major cities as part of the program.
Atwood said she felt it would be impossible for her
to avoid involvement in the controversy surrounding
dissident Soviet author Alexander Sozhenitsyn's
expulsion and she wanted to see if the government
takes repressive steps against other writers before
rescheduling the tour.
Her refusal to go on the long-arranged tour leaves
the future of the exchange in doubt.
It was expected that the Russians in return, would
send a woman writer. It had been hoped that notes
Soviet poet Bella Akhmadulina might come to
Canada to make her first public appearance abroad
in return for the Atwood visit.
Meanwhile, Atwood is busy writing a screenplay of
her most recent novel Surfacing,- which she sold to
American film producers recently. She said no one in
Canada had the necessary experience to make her
novel into a film.
Atwood has also written another novel, The Edible
Woman, and a book of literary criticism titled Survival, which examines her theory of a thematic
concern with survival in Canadian literature.
She is also the author of numerous poetry books,
including Circle Game, for which she won the
Governor General's award for poetry; The Journals
of Susanna Moody and her most recent Power
She is also a past professor of creative writing, but
has vowed she won't return to teaching as she finds it
"too restrictive."
then be issued to some of the
protestors requesting their appearance at the hearing.
A judge will then hear the
arguments and decide whether to
issue the injunction.
Peter Chataway, a_ spokesman
for the beach preservation committee said Monday the committee
will approach a lawyer to oppose
the injunction.
"We're going to talk to a number
of lawyers who are interested in
the project and come to court
opposing the injunction," he said.
The board decided to seek an
injunction after city council
refused March 19 to endorse a park
board motion authorizing the park
superintendent to call police to
eject the protestors.
Work on the beach has been
halted since March 4 when
protestors stood in the way of the
The city claims it is losing $700 a
day because of the idle equipment
and salaries for guards watching
The protestors say the project is
not well enough researched, it
deals with the wrong priorities and
it will ruin the appeal of the beach. Page 4
Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Two students and a group of administration types have
gotten together to claim The Ubyssey has grossly
misrepresented the campus recreation scene this year. Their
attack is printed on page 5.
While all campus athletics are worthy of investigation,
particularly as to financing policy, The Ubyssey has
concentrated on recreation UBC because it is a prime
example of the athletics shaft. _
The administration decided one day that it was time to
end freeloading oh campus recreation facilities.
The physical education faculty decided the facilities were
worth keeping open so they devised Recreation UBC
wherein students would pay $5 to use the facilities.
They did this with the tacit approval of some Alma
Mater Society hacks, particularly then president Doug
Aldridge and current president Gord Blankstein.
This deal was a shaft because all sides ignored the
interests of the students who were going to have to pay for
Rec UBC.
The administration had no right to arbitrarily declare a
shutdown of campus recreation facilities. Students have
contributed several millions of dollars to the construction of
those facilities and are entitled to a substantial say in their
Instead of going along with the administration the Alma
Mater Society should have demanded an investigation of
alternate means of funding the program, possibly from
other less important administration programs.
Those who defend this sort of fee hike often claim that
students at other universities pay much more for the same
service. It is immaterial what other universities charge. UBC
has been doing very well financially with the fees it collects
now, and any projected increases should be looked at
carefully in the context of the past — not in the context of
what other universities have done.
The other reason The Ubyssey has chosen a hard line on
Rec UBC is the large negative reaction from our readership.
Numerous students, in terms of the reaction the paper
receives on other issues, have written complaining that Rec
UBC is a rip-off, that they used to use their gym before — in
fact some did use the facilities before — and that the
so-called instruction and supervision offered borders on a
As a result The Ubyssey has urged alternate methods of
Rec UBC funding be explored along with a general review of
campus athletic funding.
The" Ubyssey also attacked Rec UBC director Ed
Gautschi for his stupid statement that the program only has
room for "serious athletes." The paper later reported
Gautschi's difficulties with student politicians who charged
he was ignoring program reform.
The current AMS president and vice-president are
pledged to explore other methods of financing Rec UBC.
Hopefully they will be successful because despite all the
"happy faces" in Rec UBC, there are as many unhappy
people being ripped off for use of recreation facilities.
MARCH 26,1974
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly
commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are
located in room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977.     Co-editors: Vaughn Palmer, Michael Sasges
If you ask perky, blue-eyed 19-year-old Lesley Krueger what's
happening she'll probably flash a toothy smile and say, "I've got a new
Krueger, a perky, blue-eyed 19-year-old, has been editor-elect of The
Ubyssey, Canada's finest student newspaper West of False Creek, for three
weeks now and she sure is proud of her new car.
"I sure am proud of that new car," Krueger said in muted tones to
blonde five-foot-six hunk Doug Rushton when he entered the office
"Love that car," the 19-year-old perked to short, splay-toed Gary Coull
and his twin sister Judy The Prudential Life Assurance Company when
they flounced up the creaking spiral staircase to the editorial offices.
"Have you. seen my new car," Krueger queried as peg-legged drunken
Alan Doree re-enacted the stoning of Steven with chunky, polymorphic
Ralph Maurer.
"The car, the car, look at the car," Krueger mumbled as the Ryon
Guedes memorial triplets, namely Mark Buckshon, Michael Sasges and
Sharon Stevenson took their places in the front row of the Ubyssey bull
"In case you haven't heard I just bought a new car," Krueger quipped
when wasp-waisted Rick Lymer crawled out from under the editorial rock
to lay out the advertisements.
"Hey guess what," cheery, slim-hipped Vaughn Palmer cried as he
entered the staff malt and soda shop. "A bunch of gears are out on the
parking lot blowing up a little red Datsun."
'TKe- "f^e.   i\cf  dT   Co*Aoe«^ci_AioK^3>7
The Ubyssey will not print any letters to the editor which claim the above cartoon is stupid. We know.
Schwenger 3
Three cheers for the English
department! When their
inquisition recently decided to
exile the heretic Peter Schwenger
from UBC by denying him tenure
(The Ubyssey, Mar. 12) they
succeeded in restoring permanently my long-standing faith in
English and the arts in general.
During the short months in his
English 100 class I found myself
slipping slowly but surely into the
depths of reality, but in their
lightning swift move department
head Robert Jordan and his henchmen have returned me to my
one-way path to obscurity in the
sciences, and blotted out the ray of
sunlight which so briefly invaded
my dull, science-oriented mind.
For the first time in my life I was
actually learning something in an
English class, a phenomenon that
11 years of elementary and
secondary education had led me to
theorize impossible, and now I'm
supposed to learn that, though
possible,, it's not acceptable at
Peter is the first English teacher
I've had who I can respect as a
teacher as well as a human being,
but it seems that his rare breed has
no place here.
I'm surprised that the English
department can't recognize his
talents, and I'm sure they can't
afford to lose them, yet they are,
nevertheless, doing so.
Peter's worth will be discovered
elsewhere, so it is not for him but
rather for ourselves as students
which we should feel pity, because
we and all those following us have
been denied his guidance.
So, congratuations English
department, and long live
ignorance at UBC.
David Vogt
honours physics
A correspondent who wisely
remains anonymous argues that
pressure on South Africa through
boycotts'„,and protests "can only
make things worse by making a
stubbornly proud government
tighten its fist," (The Ubyssey
March 22).
There is of course some truth in
this proposition. Mere anger and
self-righteousness will do no good;
and ill-conceived boycotts are a
waste of effort.
However, it has been shown that
pressure on South Africa can bring
about a change in South African
attitudes and behaviour.
This has been shown especially
in sport, to which white South
Africans are passionately addicted. South African apartheid
principles have been modified, and
racial barriers reduced, to meet
the challenge of the black-listing of
South African teams by international sporting associations.
Diplomatic pressure has also
been successful. Black diplomats
are exempted from racial
discrimination, and Japanese
citizens are given the status of
honorary whites. Every such
exception weakens the power of
apartheid over the minds of black
and white alike.
Pressure on United States and
British firms in South Africa has
brought about better wages and
working conditions for their black
workers, and this in its turn must
influence the wages paid by South
African firms.
I hope those working for justice
in South Africa will not be
discouraged by the voices that tell
them they cannot succeed.
G. H. Durrant
Blow up
To the assholes who blew up out
the windows of Mackenzie House in
Place Vanier with a balloon bomb,
midnight, Saturday.
Luckily nobody was injured due
to your funny prank. You were,
however, successful in scaring
every person in the vicinity.
In the process eight windows
were broken. The glass flew 16 feet
and if a person had been standing
in the washroom she could have
been blinded or disfigured for life.
Several people were extremely
We know we will never be able to
accuse you face to face. We only
hope you will realize the extreme
stupidity of your act.
61 signatures
HULLS . . . Ubyssey regrets picture mistake.
Our foes are legion
In the March 15, issue of The
Ubyssey appeared the photograph
of past president R. W. Hulls, one
of our members wearing the Royal
Canadian Legion beret, badge and
the 142 branch identification
numerals. Immediately below the
photograph was an article
"You want 'sincere' you get
'disturbed' about certain 'dating'
businesses, written by Boyd Mc-
While no specific reference in the
article linked the subject matter
with the photograph, the placing of
the photograph immediately above
the text left a clear implication
that the two were, in fact, conjunctive, particularly since the
article considered the matter of
older men being interested in
younger women.
Since publication of the issue
referred to, Hulls has been subjected to unfortunate and unnecessary personal ridicule, which
the branch must share with him in
this community at large, since he
is well known in West Poinf Grey.
For your information, Hulls
advises that the photograph was
taken three years ago during the
West Point Grey branch's annual
poppy fund campaign. He also
states that the photograph was
published without his permission.
Hulls and this branch have
wholeheartedly supported the
university community by
scholarships and otherwise, and
your publication is perhaps more
widely read by our members than
others. We feel that you must agree
that the juxtaposition of the
photograph and the article was
injurious and likely defamtory.
We expect you to remedy the ill
effect of the combined picture and
article by a further printing of the
picture with an explanatory
comment, disclaiming any express
or implied relationship of the
picture and the article. We expect
you would also wish to write an
apology to Mr. Hulls personally.
No further action is contemplated at this time, pending
your response to this letter and the
suggestions above.
Robert Quinn,
c.c. Dr. Dean Gage, President,
University of B.C. Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Page 5
Recreation UBC flacks dump on rag
The following represents a reply
to The Ubyssey's various editorials
on campus recreation especially
recreation UBC. Barbara Morris is
a former Alma Mater Society
recreation representative. This
article comes with the approval of
physical education professors
Nestor Korchinsky, Jack Pomfret
and Marilyn Pomfret and Heather
Mitton and Linda Kerley both
physical education students. All
are members of the Rec UBC
steering [policy-mafeing] committee.
As the year draws to an end, we
would like to clarify what has
happened with Recreation UBC
during the past year.
You know Rec UBC — that four
letter word that's the biggest
student rip-off to ever hit UBC? As
you sit there nodding your head
and sneering at the nearest
"serious athlete" jock you can see,
ask yourself if you have been informed of all of the facts? Approximately 15,000 of you should be
saying "No."
The $5 Rec UBC fee entitles you
to complete use of all facilities
controlled by the school of physical
education and recreation. A
community centre would charge
you $1 or $2 to join and a minimum
of $5 to $15 for a 10-week program.
Is $5 really a rip-off?
Why have a $5 fee? Because it
keeps the off-campus gym-rats out
of the facilities and it keeps the
facilities open for you.
The Ubyssey's chronic complaint that we are paying $5 now
for what used to be free, is simply
not true.
Until Rec UBC began, the equipment areas were locked at 4:30
p.m. and closed on Saturdays and
Sundays. The buildings were
locked by campus patrol sometime
Thuringia Liver Sausage
Tongue Sausage
Hannov Mettwurst
Original Weiner
Crakow Ham Sausage
Beer Sausage with Garlic
Summer Sausage
Bavarian Meat Loaf Baked
Genoa Salami
Polish Rings
Westfalian Salami
Westfalian Ham
Black Forest Ham
Paprika Speck
Kosher Style Corned Beef
Das ist
after 4:30 p.m. When there.was
open time for recreation, the gyms
were swarming with off-campus
people. Instruction was nonexistent and equipment was impossible to secure.
Was it all really free before?
The squash courts and winter
sports centre are Alma Mater
Society owned and operatedr You
are the AMS and you have to pay to
use your facilities. Free-skating is
available in the mor-
nings,however, the AMS doesn't
provide this; it is open through an
arrangement with the administration which pays operating
costs for the winter sports centre.
The bowling alleys in SUB, another
AMS owned facility, charge all
students to use them. If you happen
to participate in intra-mural
bowling, it is subsidized by the
AMS; however, if you just want to
take a break from the books and
bowl a few games — you pay.
Another gross distortion Of facts
is that the students own the War
Memorial gymnasium. The
students contributed $367,000 to the
construction of the buildings (total
costs $1,157,000). The building has
to be maintained and the students
do not contribute to maintenance.
We have been led to believe that a
31 per cent contribution 23 years
ago entitles us to complete use of
the War Memorial gymnasium —
The money to run the recreation
program has to come from
somewhere. This service is free at
a few universities across Canada
however the students pay a general
athletic fee to finance recreation.
The University of Toronto has a
$20 men's fee and a $15 women's
fee for athletics, the University of
Alberta has a $8 fee which does not
include recreation, Carleton
University has a $30 fee and the
University of Western Ontario has
a'$20 fee.
There are four solutions to the
funding problem: all UBC students
could pay $1, users can pay $5, the
AMS and administration could
fund it jointly or the administration
could fund the program. If the
administration were to fund Rec
UBC it would hit students eventually because the administration
would then raise general tuition
fees, which they are normally
adverse to doing.
It is idealistic to think that such a
program should be free? Be
realistic; where can you get these
programs for free? Where can you
go to even run a training circuit
such as the one Rec UBC has?
The Ubyssey's pet peeve of the
year is Rec UBC director Ed
Gautschi. He has been blamed for
everything — the fee, the program,
ad infinitum. His job is to administer the program — nothing
'more. He has been the brunt of
senseless criticism regarding
matters over which he has no
Who is the real villain? Who
introduced the fee?
Not Ed Gautschi; he had nothing
to do with setting up the program.
The $5 Rec UBC user fee was
approved by the administration
because they had complete, 100 per
cent assurance from the AMS
council at the time, that the fee was
amenable to all students on
campus. Not wishing to 'dump' on
anyone, as Gautschi has been
'dumped' upon, we'll leave you to
'guess who the two lovable lads
were, who gave such assurance.
Qur point is that The Ubyssey
has reported that Rec UBC is a rip-
off and Gautschi is the villain.
Perhaps it should read the other
way around: The Ubyssey is the
The Ubyssey is the only campus
news media which is able to inform
the students of what's available to
them. They've concerned themselves with gross sensationalism
and misinterpretation of Rec
UBC. Desperate for a head-line,
Rec UBC would always attract a
few readers. Our campus
newspaper's role should be to
provide factual information not an
endless repetition of blatant
You've been ripped-off, alright;
by the inferior reporting and absurd information provided in The
The Ubyssey's reply appears in
the editorial column—Eds.
This Weekend
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Canada's Shoe
On sale at leading sporting goods outlets or write:
Pony Sporting Goods Limited, 100 Richmond Street East, Toronto, Ontario. Page 6
Tuesday, March 26, 1974
New postal code reduces jobs
The new postal codes the post
office instituted late last year are a
preliminary step toward reducing
the number of postal employees,
an anonymous Canadian Union of
Postal Workers spokesman said
"We have no objection to
automation as long as it is implemented in the interests of all,"
said the spokesman, referring to
the $110 million the federal
government spent on electronic
mail sorting equipment.
"We have had no promises from
the federal government that no
people will lose their jobs due to
automation," the spokesman said.
He said the boycott is advocated
by the CUPW national executive
and supported by most labor
federations and labor congress
groups. The CUPW is now
negotiating over a new contract for
postal employees, he said, because
the present contract expires in
December, and the new codes will
be a major issue.
The new codes were instituted as
a necessary part of the planned
new sorting system, in which
hundreds of postal workers will be
declared "coders" and will be
required to operate a keyboard
which will mark every pie"ce of
mail handled.
"Sorters will be immediately
hit," the spokesman said. "There
will be less of them needed. Letter
carriers will be affected also,
because they currently have a two-
'Greek regime
just won't last'
TORONTO (CUP) — The present Greek military regime will not last
very long, told York University students during a recent lecture on U.S.
imperialism in Greece.
Papandreou, a York University economics professor and leader of the
Pan-Hellenic Liberation Movement, based his prediction on Greece's
economic deterioration, army fractionalism and growing support for
Greek independence among students, peasants and the middle class.
Speaking to 200 people, he cited the exodus of over 400,000 Greek
workers to low-paying menial jobs in France and Germany.
Greece, which must now import even basic agricultural commodities,
has a :.() per cent inflation rate, Papandreou said.
He said the democratization supposed to accompany the introduction
of ;i new constitution was imaginany, since the government controls
national defense, public order and foreign policy, and the military is an
autonomous level of government.
Papandreou said the reluctance
of George Papandopoulos, the
former Greek premier, to show the
world what a farce these reforms
were, prevented him from
crushing the student disturbances
of Nov. 1973 quickly.
Ho added the U.S. would find it
increasingly difficult to convince
Greek army officers to enforce
rigid sanctions and cited the use of
special police to quell the student
He said the time would come
when the U.S. would have only two
options in Greece: turn it into
another Vietnam or pull out entirely.
Quebec demo
mass demonstration is scheduled
for Friday to support 2,600 United
Aircraft workers on strike since
Jan. 4.
boycott was announced
14 by the Montreal South
regional common front
represents about 15,000
The common front includes the
Quebec federation of labour, the
confederation of national trade
unions, the Quebec teachers
corporation, and the confederation
of democratic trade unions.
United Aircraft, reputed for its
anti-union sentiment has not
changed its position which was
rejected by 80 per cent of the
strikers Feb. 22. The company has
tried to intimidate the strikers with
threats of loss of jobs. It has circulated stories almost daily about
the shifting of production to
company plants in the U.S.
The United Auto Workers union
has six contract demands including cost of living adjustments,
voluntary overtime, controlled
work schedules and workers'
"Many thousands" are expected
io demonstrate while a team of at
least 200 marshalls will ensure
the demonstration remains
|x*acel'ul, the organizers said.
capital city of Bork-on Trial was
riddled today by a swarm of hard,
red rubber balls and one "fashist
flyer" frisbee.
Speaking from the presidential
mansion, a wolverine's nest,
Prime Minister Duog Bork said:
"We will never resist; we will
surrender on the beaches; we will
surrender in the hills; we will
surrender in the cityes; we will
surrender interior minister Gor-
dung Blandstyn's supply of pornography."
Blandstyn. speaking from a
tastefully laid-out (nudge-nudge)
centrefold in Cosmopolitan,
denied he has a porno collection.
It is just a bunch of candid snaps
of my friends and their pets during
our summer vacation."
Allende supporters die
SANTIAGO (CUPI) - The Chilean military junta has announced
the death of two senior officials of Salvador Allende's government who
had been imprisoned since the military coup.
Jose Toha, defense and interior minister in Allende's democratically
elected government reportedly hanged himself in a hospital here on
March 15.
Three days earlier, air force general Alberto Bachelet, 51, former
distribution chief, died of a heart attack in his cell in a Santiago
penitentiary, officials say.
Both were awaiting trials for their participation in Allende's
government. Exact charges against them were never announced.
Toha, 46. was brought to Santiago for treatment three weeks ago
from the remote southern island of Dawson where he and other
members of Allende's administration were prisoners of the military
hour sortation period at the
beginning of their shifts."
"This means they could cut down
on 25 per cent of the time expended," he said.
He said deputy postmaster-
general John McKay, who
suggested the post office automate
its sorting, is a former president of
International Telephone and
Telegraph (Canada).
"It is more than a coincidence
ITT has the contract for the
automation," he said.
Jack Johnston, CUPW local 236
secretary treasurer, told The
Ubyssey the government has
already issued tables estimating
the size of the post office work
force before, immediately after
and one year after automation.
"In Vancouver, it will cost the
jobs of around 250 mail sorters," he
Johnston said the CUPW
executive and representatives at a
Calgary convention voted in favor
of a boycott, but "there has not yet
been a rank-and-file vote on it."
"I haven't heard anything about
it, and as far as I know, there
haven't been any meetings about,"
an anonymous postal employee
told The Ubyssey. "The union
hasn't told us anything about a
"There have been a lot of
rumblings about it for a long
time," she said. "But nobody ever
does anything about it, Everything
we hear is second hand."
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Student Union Building, U.B.C.
We'd like to offer you a challenge — a career in
dealing with professionals — a career in Life
insurance sales and/or sales management.
It's one of the few careers that offers you
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We know it isn't easy choosing the right career.
Perhaps we at Metropolitan Life can help you
make the right choice. Why not drop by and
see us. We'll be on Campus on:
Tuesday, April 2,1974
Life Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Page 7
At Wounded Knee trials
Defendants seek case dismissal
ST. PAUL, Minn. (CUP-CPS) —
Defence attorneys in the Wounded
Knee trials of Indian leaders
Russell Means and Dennis Banks
have called for dismissal of all
charges on grounds the FBI
violated a court order by withholding vital information from the
Three months ago when the trial
began, Judge Fred Nichol ordered
the FBI to give the defence team
all documents which might prove
Means' and Banks' innocence.
But two weeks ago, when it was
discovered that the FBI had
altered materials being used by the
prosecution, Nichol ordered that
all FBI files pertaining to Wounded
Knee be impounded and offered for
inspection by the defence.
The disclosure of the altered
documents occurred during the
testimony of Paul Manhart, pastor
of the Roman Catholic church in
Wounded Knee. Manhart, a
government witness, told the jury
that 10 days after the takeover
began, he had read a statement to
federal representatives saying that
the American Indian Movement
had been invited to Wounded Knee
and demanding that federal forces
outside the village cease firing into
the town.
The defence claimed the
statement was a petition signed by
more than 100 Indian "family
heads" living in Wounded Knee.
The FBI subsequently produced a
photocopy of the petition, stapled
to five pages of signatures —. about
100 names.
Manhart then testified he did not
remember the signatures and in
his opinion some of them were
forged, because words like
"resident" and "possible AIM
member" were scrawled on the
list. Manhart said he thought it
would be illogical for the signers to
write these notations.
After the original petition and
SDS demonstrators stall
talk by alleged rascist
TORONTO (CUP) — Edward
Banfield, a visiting American
urbanologist, was prevented from
speaking March 13 at the
University of Toronto by members
of the Students for a Democratic
Society and their supporters.
A packed crowd of about 200
roared its disapproval as about 20
students occupied the platform
where Banfield was slated to
Banfield entered with political
economy department chairman
Stephen Dupre and several U of T
police but was prevented from
Banfield, a former advisor to
U.S. president Richard Nixon has
been widely accused of publicizing
racist theories.
After the controversial professor
left, the crowd broke up into groups
of arguing students as the SDS
supporters argued with the
majority of students at the meeting
contending Banfield did not have a
right to free speech because of his
"racist" theories.
Some 25 students and professors
left and went over to Simcoe Hall
administration offices to protest
the incident and when more people,
including the SDS supporters
came, the building was sealed off.
When university president John
Evans came out, he was greeted by
applause from the majority but by
jeers and heckling from the SDS.
Evans said, "I want to tell you
how disturbed I am at the treatment of a guest of this university,
who was not allowed to present his
views." He added he would
guarantee it would not happen
Evans said the greatest defence
society has against alleged evil
ideas is to allow freedom of speech.
"It is obvious all members of this
university administration
disapprove completely of the
methods used," he said.
When asked by a student what he
would do in this case to make sure
Banfield could be heard, Evans
replied it is important to prevent a
future recurrence but it is also
necessary to try to solve the issue
in a "rational" manner.
At the many discussions and
arguments following the disruption, there was a threat of violence
but it was eventually dispelled.
Many students told SDS they had
ho right to decide whom other
students would hear.
However supporters of the
Revolutionary Marxist Group and
the SDS vigorously argued
"racism" should not be tolerated.
Their position was that before
someone spoke, it should be
determined if he was a racist or
fascist and, if so, he should be
denied the right to speak.
SDS member Tony Leah told the
hostile crowd before the meeting
that Banfield, as president Nixon's
advisor and author of books such
as "The Unheavenly City", should
not be tolerated or permitted to
speak. "Racism can't be
tolerated," he said. "It's not a
question of academic  freedom."
Leah argued Banfield was an
apologist for policies responsible
for the oppression of the black
people and as such he has to be
responsible for those policies.
"There is no room for debate on
The Students' Administrative
Council met late March 13 to
discuss the incident and released a
statement the following day.
The SAC executive said the invitation to Banfield to speak on
Deep Throat case
wins in Ontario court
TORONTO (CUP) — Three University of Toronto students charged
with showing the allegedly obscene film Deep Throat have been
The three face no further legal action from the showing of the film at
the U of T medical sciences auditorium Oct. 12. The preliminary
hearing ended in dismissal of charges due to insufficient evidence.
The defence admitted at the preliminary that the film was obscene
but won acquittal on two technicalities.
First, the court ruled the Crown could not prove the three had prior
knowledge of the film's content.
Second, the court ruled there was not sufficient evidence that two of
the defendants had possession of the film.
Ironically police were responsible for one of three showings of the film
that night.
Evidence showed the police viewed the second showing that night.
They then informed the accused an arrest would be made and evidence
produced in court indicated the accused did not want to make a third
However police directed a third showing because they were afraid the
350 "excited students" might riot if the film were not shown.
campus was "injudicious and
unnecessarily provocative," but
repudiated the actions taken by the
SDS to prevent the speech.
"The SAC executive wishes to
affirm its belief in the right of free
speech as well as the right to carry
on complete and open criticism
and debate at any function within
the university."
SAC president, Bob Anderson,
speaking at the Governing Council
executive meeting on March 14
questioned "the wisdom and
motivations behind the American
Studies Committee offering to
Banfield an honorarium and
prestigious speaking post on this
campus when his writings have
been widely attacked by reputable
scholars as justifying a lack of
action in correcting gross social
another photocopy were produced,
it was discovered that the FBI had
made most of the notations. As the
issue unravelled, a string of FBI
agents testified the FBI and
Bureau of Indian Affairs agents
had made notations on a photocopy
of the original. When the
prosecution requested the
document after Manhart's initial
testimony, the FBI had made a
photocopy of the first photocopy,
attempting to blot out some of the
At this point, Judge Nichol ordered all the FBI files impounded
and publicly reprimanded the
bureau in court.
"I used to think the FBI was one
of the greatest bureaus to come
down the pike, but now I think it
has deteriorated," Nichol said. "I
don't care how many FBI agents
are in the courtroom to hear this."
Defence attorney William
Kunstler said it was the first time
FBI records had been impounded
by a federal judge.
After defence attorneys
examined some of the files, they
insisted that the government had
deliberately withheld evidence
that would be helpful to the
defendants. Included in what they
found was data from a previously
unknown FBI wiretape of the only
phono in Wounded Knee during the
Trial observers have said they
expect if the charges against
Means and Banks are dropped on
these grounds, charges against the
other lour AIM leaders in St. Paul,
and perhaps all 140 of the Wounded
Knee defendants, would be
The question of the 1868 Sioux
treaty is still unresolved in both the
St. Paul trial and another involving
Wounded Knee defendants. The
defence said the treaty deeds to the
Sioux the Western half of South
Dakota.     According     to    con
stitutional experts like Sam Ervin
( Democrat-South Carolina),
treaties ratified by congress
supercede federal law and are
second only to the constitution in
The defence has argued that the
treaty prohibits federal forces
from coming into the Pine Ridge
Reservation without the approval
of the Sioux Nation. The
prosecution had maintained that
the government needed no such
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—if you cancel between 75 and 35 days:        $  50.00
—if you cancel within 35 days: $100.00
insurance   is   available   through   your
travel agent.
Prices    for    all    departures    are    inclusive   of   fuel
surcharges  to  date,   but  are still  subject to minor
adjustments   in   line   with   further   fluctuations   of
aviation fuel prices, if any.
Airport taxes are additional.
All   flights  are  governed   by the Advance Booking
Charter regulations and have been approved by the
Federal Air Transport Committee in Ottawa.
These flights are expected to fill up rapidly.
Book as early as you can through your KLM
travel agent, and see him should need further
All Martinair Charters can be booked through
Main Floor, Student Union Bldg.     224-01 1 1 Page 8
Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Page Tuesday
Right down
the last detail
The Last Detail takes place on
the Eastern Seaboard of the United
States but was largely filmed in
Canada because the U.S. navy felt
the film would be harmful to the
service. But the film hasn't emphasized that point.
The film involves the bittersweet
journey to prison of a young sailor,
Randy Quaid, convicted of trying
to steal $40 from a charity
collection box.
Despite this plot structure the
film is not an harsh indictment of
the navy or the U.S. military
establishment all though the oppressive nature of that establishment is never absent.
The film concentrates upon the
"coming out of Quaid," an introspective and shy 18-year-old
whose lack of human contact has
led to tendency towards kleptomania as well as crying.
By the end of the show he has
blossomed into an almost colorful
character — which of course
makes his incarceration (eight
years for $40) all the more tragic.
The film chronicles Quaid's
development in a quick three-day
encapsulation of the archetypal
coming into maturity.
He begins the film as the sort of
quiet young man everyone wants to
be a mother or father to. The
military police escorting him to
Portsmouth marine prison decide
to give him one final fling before
his unjust term in jail.
He proceeds through massive
drinking sessions, transcendental
meditation partying the proverbial
"getting laid" and finishes up at a
picnic in a park where he attempts
a half-hearted escape.
Most of the comment of the film
has centred on the performance of
Jack Nicholson who recreates his
role as a fiesty James Cagney
Nicholson first gained notoriety
by stealing every scene he played
in Easy Rider and interestingly
enough Quaid ought to receive the
same sort of fame as the young
Nicholson's role as one of the two
guards escorting Quaid is impressive in the same way his
performance in Five Easy Pieces
impressed, but at the same time it
is difficult to see where Nicholson
has added anything to the same
cocky self-assured lightly unstable
Nicholson may have a greater
potential to play truly varied
characters such as the sort of roles
Marlon Brando takes on, but at the
moment he is proving to be more of
a short dark, loudmouth Paul
Newman — over and over again.
But the film is still good, in the
"chunk of life" style of Fat City.
It is also funny.
Captive audience
inflicted with
Dr. Bundolo
By JAKE van der KAMP
Don Kowalchuk of Dr. Bundolo's
Pandemonium Medicine Show
says he likes to have a captive
audience and by offering free
admission to the show noon
Monday in the SUB auditorium, he
got just that.
The audience which filled the
auditorium didn't mind in the least
that getting out involved stumbling
past 20 pairs of legs. They liked the
Dr. Bundolo, produced by the
CBC, is an hour-long comedy show
taped periodically in SUB.
It consists of skits on a wide
range of topics and music provided
by a stage band to fill in the gaps.
Among the skits was one on the
definition of the bozo, described
generally as a loser, ("Not to
forget Bebe Rebozo. He was a bozo
once and then he rebozo'd himself
the second time") and on the
Exorcist, "Hello' I'm your friendly
local exorcist. Got any exorcisms
to perform? Special cut rate
Nixon, of course, came in for his
share of the sarcasm. He was
depicted in a classroom trying to
get out of handing his exam paper
in and using some classic
Watergate arguments to do it.
"Why, there's six pages missing in
the middle," says his teacher when
heiinally does hand it in.
He was also shown trying to
clarify his position at his wedding
when he asked to exchange vows
with his wife.
One of the best skits was two
stereo buffs comparing their sound
"Mine is powered by a 60 horsepower amp," says one.
"Well mine has 50 megaton rms
1 973-74
Student Telephone Directory
student telephone
Buy one as a souvenir and get 36 bonus
coupons worth over $60 in goods and
services from Yellow Pages advertisers.
powered by two thermonuclear
"Well that's nothing. They're
building my new sound system
right now. See the B.C. Hydro
building there? That's my pre-
Naturally, most of the humor
was sexual (Baby, d'ya wanna
boogie? Why not, I can't dance.")
and some of it was quite stale.
Supposed confusion of homosexual
and homosapien is certainly passe
by now.
Many of the skits were ruined by
the sound system which was
simply not adequate in
reproducing some of the accents
and speech inflections. A skit on
two disc jockeys discussing their
trade was a total loss. Only their
hyper characteristics came
Kowalchuk said the SUB
auditorium was taken to stage the
show   because   it's   aimed   at
university students who will understand most of the jokes.
He said he was pleased with the
audience's reaction and said the
show has been successful on the
Dr. Bundolo's Pandemonium
Medicine Show is broadcast 10:30
p.m. Tuesday on AM and 11 a.m.
Saturday on FM.
Book Sale
20%-80% OFF
Fri., Mar. 22-Sat., Mar. 30
People's Cooperative
341 W. Pender 685-5836
When youget your
where will ft get you?
Will it take you from door to door
looking for an opening? Searching for a
chance to practice all that you've learned?
We have openings. And we need
your talents.
With your degree you can join the
Canadian Forces as a Lieutenant. From
then on your experience and qualifications
can take you just about anywhere. You'll
work with some of the most sophisticated
equipment in the world. We offer you
security, advancement, travel, a satisfying
and fulfilling life where you can not only
practice your skills, but do something
worthwhile with them.
It all depends upon what you want to
do with your degree.
We have an answer. Think about it
then talk to a Canadian Forces Recruiting Officer, or write for more information
to Box 8989, Ottawa, Canada.
FORCES. Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Page 9
Execution sign of continued fascism
With the execution of a young
anarchist in Barcelona on March 2,
■* evidence continued to mount that
the regime of Spain's newly appointed premier, Carlos Arias
Navarro, would not be characterized by the "liberalization"
some of the Western press has been
The fact that the government
allowed itself to become involved
in an unprecedented open confrontation with the Roman Catholic
hierarchy over a bishop's guarded
support for Basque nationalism,
further dissipated any hopes for
Both issues have touched off
some of the largest and most
militant student demonstrations
Spain has seen in recent year. Riot
police invaded the university
campus in Madrid on March 14, at
one point firing into the air to intimidate demonstrators. Earlier,
police had broken up meetings that
students \< were - trying to hold in
♦ various departments of the
university after calling a strike to
protest the execution.
Students also clashed with police
in Barcelona, where demonstrations spilled out of the two
campuses and onto the city streets
remaining        through the
day and into the night. Here too,
riot police fired into the air as
several hundred students marched
down one of the main streets.
Hundreds of other students
marched down another major
thoroughfare, hurling several
gasoline bombs. At least two
policemen were seriously injured.
Demonstrations have continued
for several days, occasionally
breaking out into rioting. The
major campuses in Madrid and
Barcelona are paralyzed and
heavily patrolled by riot police
while disturbances have been
reported in several other
university centres.
Demonstrations took place all
over Europe to protest the
execution and support the student
demonstrations. More than 1,500
people gathered in front of the
Spanish embassy in Paris and
there were demonstrations in
Rome, Milan, Brussels, London
and Berlin.
Salvador Puig Antich, a 26-year-
old member of the anarchist
Iberian Liberation Movement, was
executed by the garotte — a particularly barbaric device — after a
military tribunal convicted him of
killing a policeman in January.
The Spanish dictator, General
Francisco Franco, had met with
Premier Arias and his cabinet the
day before and decided not to
commute the sentence. This
decision came despite pleas for
clemency from all over the world,
including the Vatican and all the
bishops of Catalonia (where Puig is
from), led by the Archbishop of
Barcelona. Afterward, official
Vatican sources condemned the
execution saying: "There remains
the bitterness that there was no
clemency this time."
Three years ago, Franco conceded to worldwide pressure by
commuting the death sentences of
six Basque nationalists to life
The crisis, which threatens the
1953 concordat governing relations
between Spain and the Vatican,
resulted from a sermon which was
read in Basque parishes on Feb. 24.
The sermon, issued with
Anoveros's approval, decried the
"oppression of peoples" including
"notorious restrictions" on the use
of the Basque language. The
government denounced the action
as "a very grave attack on Spanish
national unity" because it mentioned "the rights of the Basque
people". When hundreds of supporters gathered outside Anveros's
police-cordoned house, riot police
attacked and dispersed the
The Vatican must authorize the
arrest of any church official in
Spain, according to the terms of
the concordat, which also provides
state subsidies to the church. In
return, the state has a say in the
designation of bishops. At the time
the concordat was signed, Franco's fascist regime was isolated
and the agreement gave it
a great deal of much needed
legitimacy in fervently Catholic
But, in recent years, relatively
progressive phenomena within the
church, including the Vatican and
the Spanish Bishops' Conference
championing civil liberties and
economic rights, have strained the
relationship. If Spain cancels the
concordat, Aneveros and other
priests which the government has
cited for political crimes will be
liable to arrest and prosecution,
like other Spaniards.
Arias also announced a bill
which would allow the establishment of national political
associations, but he did not specify
who would be considered subversive and consequently not have
the right to form an association.
Another bill would allow for
separate organizations for labor
and management, but they would
both exist within the officially
sponsored "syndicate". All other
labor unions and all strikes are
banned in Spain. And the question
as to whether strikes might be
made legal in the future was left
Even before the latest hardline
crackdown on dissent, kinks were
evident in Arias's "liberal"
posturing. On the very day of his
policy speech, Parliament approved a new law regulating
professional associations by
requiring their officers to take
loyalty oaths to Franco and the
AMS membership not affected by
GSA voluntary support decision
Alma Mater Society president
Gordon Blankstein said Monday
the graduate students association
decision to support voluntary AMS
membership won't mean they can
withdraw from the society.
The decision was based on a
report to the GSA by lawyer D. M.
Davidson stating that an AMS
general meeting held March 16,
1973 was illegal when it passed a
resolution requiring graduate
students to pay regular AMS fees.
"The lawyer didn't check too
closely on the facts," said
Davidson had said changing the
location of the meeting from
outside of SUB to the cafeteria
invalidated the meeting, but
Blankstein said sufficient notice of
the change had been given.
The only notice which included
the location appeared in The
Ubyssey the day of the meeting.
As for the motion itself,
Blankstein said the GSA was "out
to lunch" and should get themselves a competent lawyer to study
such situations.
He said the main problem is that
grad students claim they are not
under the jurisdiction of the AMS,
while the AMS claims they are.
There are more grad students
using SUB than the grad students
centre," said Blankstein.
Former AMS secretary John
Wilson said a voluntary AMS would
weaken the organization because
of student apathy.
This Weekend
Regular Showtimes
Vancouver - Toronto
April 27
April 28
May 1
May 1
May 4
May 4
- ONE-WAY— $W5.00
OPEN RETURN - 210.00
-ONEWAY- 105.00
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• All flights except Apr. 27 are scheduled for CP Air
747 Jumbo Jet
• Return tickets are good for one year on CP Air
• Normal air fare  is $131.00 one-way and $262.00
• Book by April 9th with .. .
Association of Student Councils
Student Union Building, U.B.C.
government,  even   though   the
associations are private bodies.
More ominous still, on the same
day a decree was quietly sneaked
through which grants security
police immunity from prosecution
when they shoot citizens suspected
of subversive activities. In further
contrast to his protestations of
liberalism, at least 200 alleged
subversives have been arrested
since Arias was appointed two
months ago, adding to the number
of political prisoners, which
conservative estimates put at well
over 2,000, languishing in Spanish
To many Spaniards, the new
developments were not surprising
for a more basic reason. Calling
Arias' policy speech sheer
rhetoric, one Spanish lawyer in
Barcelona said that if Spain were
allowed to be free, the regime
"would be committing  suicide".
A simple, natural technique which
provides deep rest to the nervous
system, thereby releasing deep-rooted
stresses. The result is a more relaxed,
healthier, energetic and productive
life. The technique has been
scientifically verified and can be
practiced and enjoyed by anyone.
Learn more from JOHN RUNKLE
a qualified teacher of T.M.
Mahesh Yogi  Buchanan Rm. 223 - Wed. Mar. 27 - 12:30
School District No. 26
A team of District No. 26 will be available for interview with
perspective teachers in Room 305 at:
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Mar. 25-27
Appointments not necessary Tuesday or Wednesday
Notice to our Customers
We will be closed all day Friday,
March 29 for our
annual inventory
the boohstore
University of British Columbia
Medical-Dental Suites
* suites ranging from 400 square feet to a possible single
floor clinic
* will build and partition to suit
* both   buildings   air-conditioned   with   ample   patient
* located on West Broadway minutes from downtown and
less than half a block from Vancouver General Hospital
* drug and optical facilities are located in building on the
main floor
M.E.P.C. Canadian Properties Limited
1200 West Pender Street
Vancouver, B.C.
681-9474 Page 10
Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Swede speaks
The Swedish ambassador to
Chile will speak on his experiences
in the South American country
following the military coup last
September at a public rally 8
p.rrr., Wednesday at the Unitarian
Church, 49th and Oak.
Hot flashes
Harald Edelstam has become
known for his heroic actions in
defending refugees and political
prisoners. He is on a North
American speaking tour to report
on the repression in Chile and to
raise funds to aid prisoners.
The rally later Wednesday is
Bay frail
A bid to save the Bay Brigade
Trail between Hope and Tulameen
will be the subject of a public
rally sponsored by the Sierra
Club, 8 p.m. today at the
Victor     Wilson,     of     the
Okanagan-Similkameen Parks
Society, will show slides of the
114-year-old trail which is in
danger of being logged.
The meeting will be held in the
Centennial Museum Auditorium,
in the planetarium, 1100 Chestnut
Aqua Soc presents a summer*
wetsuit deal which can save divers
up to 25 per cent on custom-fit
For information phone Linley
at 228-8928 or see the clubs cage
in the SUB basement.
'Tween classes
UBC history profs John Conway
and L. E. Hill debate on Hitler, the
pope and Jews, noon, Buchanan
Organizational meeting to discuss
wet suit purchase, 3 p.m., SUB
clubs cage room.
General meeting, noon, SUB 205.
Open    meeting,   noon,   SUB   clubs
Victoria brass quintet, noon, music
building recital hall.
General meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
Dale  Maranda  speaks on the living
universe, noon, Buchanan 216.
Talk of the 1974 graduates, noon,
SUB 205.
University choral union, noon,
music building recital hall.
Graduation recital by Pen-Yeh Tsao
and world premiere of composers
piano by Ming Liang, 8 p.m., music
building recital hall.
Social evening members and guests
only; bring a few good slides,
refreshments provided, 7 p.m. to
midnight, SUB clubs lounge.
The uniqueness of Easter with Rev.
B. Roxborough, noon, SUB
Organizational meeting, everyone
welcome, noon, Chem. 250.
General meeting and elections for
74-75 executive, noon, SUB 212.
An Essential Guide for the Streaker,
the Gawker, and the Curious
Limited Collector's Edition.   First come, first serve basis.   Order
through your bookstore   or fill in this form and mail  to:
151  West   Hastings   Street
Vancouver, B.C., Canada     V6B 1H4
Pleas.   RUSH  m._ _ . copy <i«_>  ol   ALL   ABOUT   STREAKING al  J1.90(plus .10 tax in B.C.)
per copy.    My ChequwMoneyotder'lor $ is encloted.    NO    C. O. D.'s  please.
NAME (Pir.ii p.Kii 	
'wF    Al  {  iPI   NO  ff[ SPONSIKILI TV   F0W   CHU   5fN '    N  MAIL
shoe ftoutrque
filjot sfjoppcs
Open Thursday and Friday Nights.
Master, Chargex and Credit Cards honored.
C.O.D. orders accepted.
542 Granville        435 W. Hastings
Clark's Chateau, 776 Granville
Guildford Town Centre, Surrey
1324 Douglas St. in Victoria
Orchard Park Shopping Centre, Kelowna, B.C.
•"Design and Word Trade Marks in Canada ol the
Villager Shoe Shoppes Ltd."
Dr. A. Bowman speaks on dentures,
all members urged to attend, noon,
IRC 5.
University   choral   union,   8   p.m.,
music building recital hall.
Discussion on origins of Canadian
Indian policy is cancelled.
Jacquine Henderson, organizer of
League for Socialist Action speaks
on Canada — U.S. colony or
imperialist power, 8 p.m., 1208
Granville St.
A revolutionary program for special
change; fourth class in Basics of
Marxism series, 7:30 p.m., 1208
Granville St.
The Royal Canadian Aerial
Theatre will display their talents
noon Wednesday in front of SUB.
The RCAT is an experimental
theatre company that makes
statements in the sky using either
kites or helium-filled balloons.
The event, sponsored by the arts
undergraduate society, is free.
RATES: Campus - 3 linn. 1 day $1.00; additional lims, 25c;
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional line* 36c;
additional days 41.25 & 30c.
i Classified atlt are nt't accepted bv telephone and __»v pavahle m
advance Deadline is 11 30 am.  thr ttar heforr publication
Publications Office Knor-241 V f ft   VBC. Vjn  X. H C
5 — Coming Events
10 — For Sale — Commercial
The number one
archival processing
de-hypo wash
Now In Stock
tijp TLtn& anti gutter
3010   W.   Broodwa/ 736-7833
DECORATE with prints & posters
from The Grin Bin. 3209 W.
Broadway (Opp. Liquor Store &
MUST SELL: 80 watt Electrohome
stereo component system. Environmental sound attachment, stand
and headphones. Best offer.
Phone after 6 p.m.  274-7824.
$99.95, SR-11 122.50. Pre-exam
clearance. Call Marv, 325-4161
11 — For Sale — Private
FOR SAKE: Hewlett Packard HF-
35. Must sell. Does logs, trig
functions, etc. Phone Brian, 224-
KNEISSL Red Star R.S.200 cm.
$100o.b.o; Head Standard 205 cm.
plus Marker  bindings.   261-4341.
T.V., BotW HITACHI, like new, 17"
1970 HONDA450, 20,000 mi., mechanically A-l, $650. Phone 224-
9933,  ask  for  Mack.
GBEAT SOUND! Pair Fisher X446
speakers, 5-year warranty, 7 mos.
old. Cost $145, want $100 for
pair  or  offers.   ED,  876-6358.
10-SPEED PEUGOT V08 26", 263-
1961 V.W. COUPE. Phone Raper,
224-9665, Psi Upsilon Frat., UBC.
25 — Instruction
POT at the Potter's Centre! Instruction at all levels in wheel
work, glazing, etc. Register now
for the spring session. For
reservations and info. Phone G.
Alfred,   261-4764.
30 — Jobs
Pizza Patio
requires full & part-time
staff for the opening of its
location at the Kingsgate
Shopping Mall, 370 East
Broadway. Willingness to
work more important than
previous experience. For interview, contact Manager
Lutz Wolff in person.
20 — Housing
NEED BOOMS for the summer?
Try Kappa Sigma House Co-ed
living $65 single; $90 double; call
Rai or Peter,  224-9986.
home. Kitchen priv. Available
April 1st. Near UBC gates, $75.
224-1136 after 6 p.m.
WANT TO SUB-LET (Kitsilano),
modest one-bedroom or large bed-
sitting until Sept. 1. Single working girl—age   25.   732-6883.
WANTED: Two bedroom suite in
house or block, May 1. Phone
683-4862 after 6:30.
starting your summer job? We'll
hold your place for you. Couple
needs s.c. bsmt. suite or? from
May 15 or June 1 to end of June
only. Can pay to $140. Call
Leanne  after  9   p.m.
want same to share 4-bdrm.
house. Near gates. Greg or Mary,
writing, graphics, photography,
research? Sporadic assignments
for those qualified. This year,
next. Get on the list. Phone 228-
3774  or  inquire  FWT  113.
EARN 9700.00 to June 30th. Faculty family near UBC with 3
children in school requires help.
To take full charge April 20 to
June 20 during mother's absence.
Part-time duties at other times.
Live-In.   Non-smoker.   224-5816.
work, Nude and semi-nude preferred. Richard Kwak, 483 Totem.
Ph.   224-9093.
80 — Tutoring
Speakeasy SUB Anytime!
228-6792 - 12:30-2:30
For Students and Tutors
Register Now! 12:30-2:30
85 — Typing
35 - Lest
40 — Messages
SKI WHISTLES. Rent condominium opposite lifts. Day/week.
50 — Rentals
60 - Rides
65 — Scandals
CYCLISTS: Repair clinics, organized
tours, UEL bike paths, discounts,
friendship. The Cycle Touring
Club of B.C. is for the enthusiast.
Write us, encl. s.a.s.e, c/o 1405
Cypress, Vancouver. First ride:
Sunday 31/3, Yellow Point, Van.
Isl. Call Gordon, 922-2527.
WETSUITS: Custom fit for sale
thru Aqua Sosc. Cost 25% off
list price.  More info., ph.  Linley,
DEAREST THIN GEE: Happy Birthday.  Love, Poof.
70 — Services
STUDENT INCOME TAX SERVICE. $3.50 basic. Call 228-1183
11 a.m. to 5 p.m. 2158 Western
Parkway   (above  Mac's  Milk).
41st   &   Marine   Drive.   266-5053.
EFFICIENT Electric Typing. My
home. Essays, Thesis, etc. Neat
accurate work. Reasonable rates.
LAST-MINUTE TYPING, now accepted. Call Katherine, 321-1679.
Clean,  fast.
$50 CASH for original negative,
horse in specific composition.
Phone 228-3774 or inquire FWT
2 TICKETS to Maria Muldaur. Ph.
Lindsay, 684-5425 days: 731-2891
eves. Will  pay!
therapy research. Volunteers will
be  paid.   228-8792.   Confidential.
TO RENT: Two-bedroom apt. preferably furnished in Kits. area.
1st May to end of August. Phone
99 — Miscellaneous
Notice to
There will be only one more
issue of The Ubyssey this term,
next Friday. Deadline for advertising is, as always, 11:30
a.m. the morning before publication. Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Page 11
A BIT OF OLDE ENGLAND, Malcolm McGregor finds refuge from rigors of academic
life by teaching finer points of cricket to people who will listen. The UBC is starting
up and season stretches through summer to September. The team participates in first
division league play with teams from Oregon and Victoria as well as challenging local
talent. Those interested can contact Brinsley Stewart 733-9037 or coach Michael
Gerry 224-7970.
More martial arts history given
The Asian martial arts are
beginning to be a familiar part of
the North American sports scene,
with karate-doh and judo emerging
._ disciplines with widespread
appeal. Interest in these arts is
growing and the public know many
of the non-Japanese arts also.
Along with tai kwan doh (Korea),
tat chi ch'uan (soft kung fu) and
kendo (fighting with staffs), which
many people call the grandfather
of all Asian martial arts, kung fu is
finally seeking to establish itself as
a popularly accepted discipline
within North American society as a
For many years kung fu has
existed and been practised in
North America only within the
Chinese communities of the larger
cities — New York, Vancouver,
San Francisco and Los Angeles.
But within the last few years, the
burgeoning general interest in the
Orient and its culture has also
caused kung fu to put in a belated
appearance.Only five centres have
kung fu classes available to the
What is kung fu? How did it
start? To attempt to answer these
questions, some historical
background is necessary. Kung fu
is the product of a slow evolution.
One point to bear in mind is that
kung fu is a martial art. It encompasses all forms of self-
defence and fighting from basic
exercise and body-movement to
the use of staff, spear, sword and
Kung fu has a very long and
elaborate history. Medieval China
was almost a constant "armed
camp". Internal and external
warring went a long way to ensure
a solid tradition of fighting
techniques and a continuous interest in martial arts. But,
strangely enough, kung fu itself
emerged from a monastic or
religious rather than military
During the nan pei ch'ao (nor-
them and southern) period a
temple was created in central
China. This particular Taoism
institution was to become famous
as the founder of the kung fu form
of self-defence. This was the
Shaolin Temple and its role in the
development of kung fu was set by
the visit of an Indian monk, Tamo,
who came to the monastery in 548
A.D. and became headman. This
priest introduced many new
aspects of religious and physical
life to the formerly Taoist institution,      including     certain
Birds defeat Pegasus
Pegasus landed at Empire Stadium Sunday.
Crash landed would be a better description as the Thunderbirds
clipped their wings 2-1 in Premier League first division soccer action.
Coach Joe Johnson, however, didn't think the Birds flew any better.
"I guess you can't complain when you win, but it wasn't a very
satisfactory victory," Johnson said.
"Most of our players didn't seem to give a full effort and play the
way they're capable of playing, though I thought goalie Greg Weber was
quite impressive," he said.
#      "We seemed especially lax during the last 17 minutes or so when we
just stood around waiting for the final whistle to go," Johnson said.
UBC then led 2-1 on Stan Borden's penalty shot goal late in the
second half.
Pegasus also scored on a penalty shot tying the score 1-1 earlier that
"Our first goal was provided rather courteously by Pegasus' left
fullback,", said Johnston.
"He tried to clear the ball back to his goalie and put it in his own
net," he said.
The Birds are now in third place with an 11-6-1 record and four
games left.
Their next game is 8:30 p.m. Thursday at Capilano Stadium.
elements of Buddhist philosophy
and a greater emphasis upon
exercise and the physical aspects
of the monks' lives. Gradually, a
system of complete physical
exercise developed, including
techniques of breathing (among
the multitude of other factors, it is
believed that kung fu owes part of
its existence to Indian yoga).
Kung fu took well over 300 years
to develop to a form that could be
called a martial art. Through the
Tang and Sung dynasties (618-1279
A.D.) the art was refined and
perfected to an all-encompassing
form of self-defence. By the Sung,
kung fu contained aspects of
Buddhism, Confucianism and
Taoism. At this time, what we now
term kung fu was more commonly
known as kok sut or ch'uan yeong.
However, the art could not be
restricted only to the monks of the
Shaolin Temple forever. Although
a well-kept religious secret for
hundreds of years, the fame of
Shaolin Temple boxing began to
spread throughout China. By the
time the Sung dynasty had ended,
many of the secrets of ch'uan
yeong (or kung fu) had left the
temple. The Yuan (Mongol)
dynasty that abruptly replaced the
Sung brought with it a period of
considerable religious persecution
that forced temples to close and
monks to be scattered over the
whole of Chink, mixing with
secular society as wandering
priests. At this time, naturally,
kung fu and itsj secrets became
widely known throughout China
through the travels of the monks.
About 80 years later a revolution
occurred, banishing the Mongols
with their religion of Yamaism and
re-establishing a Chinese dynasty,
the Ming. The monks returned to
organized religious community
forms and the Shaolin Temple was
refounded, now becoming five
different temples in different parts
of China. The practice of kung fu
was started up once more, but with
an important new aspect. No
longer was the art secret or
restricted. Lay Chinese families
were allowed to send their children
to the'temples for training in kung
fu alone (religious dedication was
not required). Also at this time,
kung fu began to be taught outside
the temples by lay instructors, but
only temple training was
The monks were strict in their
selection methods. Only boys
between the ages of 10 and 12 were
allowed in for training, and since
sex was regarded as too great a
distraction for a pupil to be able to
learn the art, all were virgins. In
the Ming period, two lay pupils
became famous experts in kung fu,
testifying to the "democratization" of the art.
The last major period significant
to the development of kung fu was
the Ch'ing (Manchu) dynasty from
1644 to 1911. Within this lengthy
period, all China lay under the
domination of a Manchurian ruling
class. The Manchus were never
accepted; a vast underground
movement formed and grew and a
large secret society was created
for the purpose of restoring
Chinese rule and the Ming dynasty.
This was the "White Lotus"
society, an organization to continue on after the return of Chinese
rule, and what came to be slangly
termed "The Tong". The "White
Lotus" society taught and used
kung fu very extensively against
the regime.
The teaching of kung fu begins
with the stances and punches (ma
and choy). These include:
1. Horse stance (Sai Ping ma)
2. Bow and arrow stance (Kung
Chin ma)
3. Cross stance (Lau ma)
1. Frontal punch (Ping choy)
2. High punch (Pau choy)
3. Low punch (Cup choy)
From the acquisition of these
basic skills the pupil proceeds to
utilizing stances, blows and
movements in sequences of
movement known as "shadow
boxing" or ch'uan. There are many
such sequences and styles of
ch'uan laid down by tradition, but
individual improvisation is always
The next stage requires the use
of weapons. This is an advanced
stage which includes the handling
of staffs (quan), spears (cheong),
broad-bladed swords (doh) and
large swords (gim). This weapons
training stage is known as ping hai.
"Kung fu is a martial art,"
explains Chiu Fu Lau, a teacher of
kung fu. "It is self-defence. It is a
form of hard physical exercise."
The art should develop the
character  as  well  as  the  body.
Kung fu is not aggressive in
philosophy, but is extremely
aggressive in physical makeup.
The fighting must be as tough and
aggressive as possible. This
seeming contradiction in purpose
is actually intentional: kung fu's
Taoist philosophy is based on
"balance pf opposites" and many
paradoxes result from this. (A
paradox here is a sort of
"philosophical balance of opposites"). Similarly, "if the opponent is not moving, neither are
we moving. If the opponent moves,
we must move before him."
Kung fu is supremely non-
aggressive until the aggression is
started. From this point on, the art
demands relentless attack until the
opposition is removed. There are
several differing types of kung fu,
the basic two being hard and soft.
Being taught here is the hard type,
the exhausting Shaolin-style kung
fu. The soft type, known as tai chi
ch'uan, is dance-like and graceful,
and is only marginally a fighting
art. Regional influence shows up in
the north and south styles of kung
fu. Due to climate, north style
emphasizes use of feet and wearing
of boots, while south style concentrates on the hands and no
footwear is used.
Are You Interested?
• Cabin at Whistler
• Lessons    • Organized Trips
eSocial Functions
12:30 P.M. CHEM. 250
Everyone Welcome
This Weekend
Regular Showtimes
IN SUB AUD. Page 12
Tuesday, March 26, 1974
Jl_ ;.
i, »..
Photo shows facility at
Laval University in
Quebec City
Efforts to obtain an indoor pool were begun in
e Empire Pool was completed in 1954.
e Students passed fee referendum in October of 1972
which stipulated:
1. a maximum contribution of $925,000
2. student   parity   on    planning   and   management
3. a site near the Student Union Building
4. free time for recreational use by students
e Approval was granted for site adjacent to Empire Pool,
June 1972
e University, AMS, Community committees finalized, Dec.
e Functional Programmer & Architect selected, Feb. 1974
University   agrees   to   match   student   contribution,
Board Meeting, March 5,1974
e  Fund-raising     committee     released    to     pursue
additional funding, March 1974
e Users co-ordination committee formed to
accept input from all interested groups, March
5, 1974
Management   negotiations  begun to  insure
free time for students, March 1974
• Functional Programme — May 1974
• Initial design concept —Summer 1974
• Construction begins late Fall 1974
• Completion — 15 months
Send your ideas to
Users Co-ordinating Committee
c/o AMS Executive Secretary
Second Floor, SUB


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