UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 14, 1974

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Array UBC to split $10 million
An unallocated $10 million in the
universities section of Premier
Dave Barrett's 1974-75 budget will
be divided among B.C.'s three
universities, UBC bursar Bill
White was told Tuesday.
UBC information officer Arnie
Myers said Wednesday White, and
the Simon Fraser University and
University of Victoria bursars,
were told by education department
representatives in Victoria money,
for operating costs, will be divided
on the recommendation of
education minister Eileen Dailly's
advisory board for higher
UBC's allocation could jump by
at least $3.3 million to $86. million
from $62.7 million, last fiscal
year's allocation.
Myers said the bursars also
learned Barrett is prepared this
year to fund special programs.
Administration vice-president
Bill Armstrong, when told UBC's
allocation did not appear to have
STAIRWAY TO STARS awaits all comers, says Ubyssey photographer Marise Savaria. Students wanting new
lease on life can climb rungs and mingle in glory with the heavens and communicate with sun, clouds, rain,
freezing temperatures, two hippies and dead goat.
increased after Barrett presented
the budget to the legislature
Monday, said the university would
not be able to go ahead with new
Barrett said after the budget was
presented if the universities want
more money they will have to come
up with plans for better use of their
Myers said reporters misinterpreted the budget, and did not
understand the $10 million was to
be divided as part of the universities' operating allocation.
He said the allocation means the
university will be able to go ahead
with new programs.
Barrett's budget jumped UBC's
allocation for building expenditures by $2 million to $8
million from $6 million.
In a prepared statement Monday, administration president
Walter Gage said the decision to
hold operating grants at their
current levels will make things
extremely difficult for UBC.
Gage also appears to have been
working under incorrect information when he made the
But Gage's statement promised
that the university will also look
into Barrett's recommendation
that the universities find more
efficient ways of operating and
better ways of serving the community.
"There is really very little
flexibility in the university's
budget," the Gage statement said.
"About 83 per cent of our operating
budget goes to our faculty and
employed staff in the form of
salaries and wages."
The statement then noted that
spending on salaries will have to be
increased next year because wage
hikes have already been granted to
faculty and staff.
"We shall be giving careful
thought to Premier Barrett's
statements in the legislature,
particularly the views he expressed on the desirability of
finding new ways for universities
to provide service to the people of
Council votes
Gautschi out
Alma Mater Society council
voted Wednesday night to replace
Recreation UBC steering committee chairman Ed Gautschi with
a student.
As chairman of the committee,
Gautschi is responsible for
directing Rec UBC policy. But
Gautschi is also responsible for
implementing those policies in his
role as Rec UBC director.
AMS vice-president Gordon
Blankstein, a steering committee
member, told council policies set
up by a student chairman would
stand a better chance of being
carried out.
"Gautschi doesn't listen to the
committee anyway," Blankstein,
also AMS president-elect, said.
Blankstein said the nine-member
committee, six of whom are
students, will meet Monday to
formally replace Gautschi.
However, under questioning by -
AMS treasurer John Wilson,
Blankstein admitted the physical
education school could disband the
steering committee if it disliked
what the student-run body was
AMS secretary and treasurer-
elect George Mapson, also a
steering committee member,
agreed with Blankstein. Mapson
said the physical education school
faculty set up Rec UBC two years
ago when the administration
threatened to close all recreation
facilities nights and weekends and
established the $5 Rec UBC fee to
cover the cost of services operating
at those times.
Because the faculty set up the
committee it could close it down,
Mapson said.
Wilson said the appointment of a
student   chairman   would   help
New dean sees no discrimination
The new UBC dean of women says she'd
^hate to work at a university where open
discrimination against women exists.
But then, Margaret Fulton said Wednesday, she hasn't seen any evidence that
such discrimination exists at UBC.
In a telephone interview from Waterloo, the
Wilfred Laurier University English professor
said she was "most impressed" with the
faculty, student and administration attitude
observed during her brief visit to Vancouver
last November.
She said she saw no examples of overt
discrimination   against   women   —   but
acknowledged that she was seeing UBC "out
of context".
"I'll have to be in the situation to sort it
out," Fulton said.
She said she read the Report on the Status
of Women at UBC, prepared in January, 1973
by former arts 1 instructor Shelagh Day,
which documents cases of discrimination
against women on campus.
But she said again she'll have to come to
UBC before "passing judgment" on the
"I read the report through quickly and
exactly what the problems are I can't quite
call to mind," Fulton said.
"Again I say I'll have to be in the situation
to sort out the problems. Problems that are
clear on paper outside the environment tend
to become more complicated when you're
dealing with them directly.
"Problems you can't see in the report
Fulton, who takes over the post July 1, was
confirmed as dean of women by a board of
governors' decision Feb. 5. But selection
committee member Terry McNeney said
Wednesday the committee made the final
decision before Christmas.
See page 2: GAGE
resolve the Rec UBC problem. "If
we pass this motion we bring this
thing to a head," he said.
"We should push for a recreation
management committee with
equal student-administration
Mapson said as long as the
faculty permits the steering
committee to operate, the committee could shut down Rec UBC if
it wanted to. "We control the $5
He said the committee hasn't yet
voted to abolish the $5 fee because
that would be unfair to students
who had already paid for the Rec
UBC supervision and equipment
Mapson also said next year's
executive, including he and
Blankstein, want the administration to pay for the Rec
UBC and he said the student fee
will have to be abolished before the
next instalment is due in September.
In other business, council voted
to limit to 90 block ticket purchases
to the Saturday night Pit cabaret.
Minimum purchase of block
seating was set at 16. Wilson told
council the minimum was set to
ensure the Pit's staff would not be
roping off block seating areas for
small groups.
The motion limited block sales
was prompted by complaints about
the science undergraduate society
block purchase of all tickets
available (300) for the most recent
Wilson said without the
minimum lazy students could
purchase blocks of just a few
tickets and in doing so use up the
alloted 90 block tickets which he
said is a service the AMS should
Council voted to recommend that
next year's council which will take
office in mid-March continue to
support and grant SUB office space
to the women's office.
A motion that the AMS no longer
purchase Kraft products for sale in
the Pit and information desk was
defeated. The motion failed to
achieve the required two-thirds
majority necessary to pass
motions presented without notice.
Barbara Campbell, a Vancouver
Kraft boycott organizer, urged
council support the boycott to help
the National Farmers' Union
demand for collective bargaining
with the big dairy processing
AMS coordinator Joanne Lindsay give notice the motion will be
reintroduced next week when it
will require a 50 per cent majority. Page 2
Thursday, February 14, 1974
Gage takes time
From page 1
"Why (administration president
Walter) Gage took so long to announce the decision, I don't know,"'
McNeney said.
She said the committee considered candidates both from UBC
and off-campus. Some candidates
applied for the position and others
were approached by the committee, McNeney said.
She said she made her final
voting decision on the basis of
"Right now I'm not sure whether
having a dean of women at all is a
good idea," McNeney said.
"If she's a strong woman and
can stand up to shit it's OK, but
otherwise the office isn't of much
She said the final decision on
selecting Fulton was "quite close",
but said she couldn't remember
exact vote tallies.
Fulton is replacing former dean
Helen McCrae, who retired last
June. McCrae was replaced as
acting dean by Joyce Searcey,
returning to her former position as
assistant dean.
In an interview Wednesday,
Searcey wouldn't say whether she
applied for the position, saying
"this office was considered, I'm
sure, but I didn't expect to get
"They were looking for someone
with a doctorate."
She said she saw herself as a
"caretaker" unable to institute
new policies. And she said she
could offer no advice to the new
dean on what policies need starting.
"The office is like the person who
occupies it, like the office of (ad-
No UEL development
this year — Barrett
VICTORIA (Staff) — Premier
Dave Barrett says the University
Endowment Lands won't be
developed this year.
In his budget speech earlier this
week, Barrett said the government
has no plans for development and
will spend the next year discussing
the future of the controversial 1700-
acre lands.
"We have no fixed plan for
development of those lands,"
Barrett told the legislature.
not holding out
Barrett made the comments
while announcing housing budgets
in the speech which gave $75
million for new housing; $10
million for the government's
grants to non-profit community
groups building senior citizen
housing and $40 million allotment
to the Provincial Home Acquisition
Fund for second mortgages and
home acquisition grants.
Housing minister Lome Nicolson
has said repeatedly the government intends to develop housing on
at least some of the lands. Housing
units would be rented on 50-year
However, he has declined to say
what proportion of housing would
be built in relation to recreational
Car Service
We offer complete
parts, service &
sales on
1162 Seymour
(Just over the
Granville St. Bridge)
and parkland areas.
In a recent interview with The
Ubyssey, Nicolson said he hopes
first development priority for the
UEL would be given to housing.
Nicolson is expected to announce
detailed government programs to
combat the housing crisis in a
major speech during the budget
debate. But his speech apparently
will not make any reference to the
UEL meaning a continuation of the
battle over how the lands should
best be used to serve the community.
ministration) president. How the
job is done will depend on what
type of person she is," Searcey
"Dean McCrae was a social
worker, so her interests lie in that
area. I don't really know Dr.
Fulton since I only met her very
briefly once, but I'm sure she has
some ideas of her own about the
Fulton said she sees the job as a
"liaison officer" between students,
faculty and administration.
"Liaison is definitely the key
word. I see the office as a place
where the administration, faculty
and students get together," she
But Fulton was leery on committing herself to any definite
programs — or even often-
discussed educational principles.
She said she thinks equal employment for men and women on
the campus is an "interesting
"But I do think, you know, that
we can't specify that 50 per cent of
the babies are going to be male and
50 per cent of the babies are going
to be female," she said. "Life isn't
altogether that neat.
"So if you don't have any good
women applying for a position you
can't force the situation. You can't
get 50 per cent women just to do
that or you might hurt
Fulton will also work in the
education department as an
English teacher. She is a specialist
in Victorian literature, but said she
must wait for assignment from the
department before knowing what
courses she will teach.
Engineers after
neise makers
Somebody is finally doing something about noise on campus.
Dwight Waring, Neil Wedge and Doug Andrews, all civil
engineering 4, are gathering data on noise at the university, to be
presented, along with the group's recommendations, to deputy administration president William Armstrong March 15.
"Everybody thinks the university is noisy, but nobody is doing
anything about it," said Waring. "What we are doing is establishing a
need for noise controls and showing that it is possible to do something
about it."
Many people have complaints about construction noise and noise from
ventilators in various classrooms and study areas, he said. "We're
asking for people to direct their complaints to us — to give us their
He suggested that work should be either rescheduled to times when
there are no classes or carried out with equipment with noise-
abatement attachments.
This wouldn't cost the university any extra money because the
contractor would supply the equipment, said Waring.
Construction companies will do as little as possible by themselves,
he said, and that as soon as the university stipulates the use of noise
abatement equipment construction companies would be forced to use it.
The students will go around the campus taking readings of noise
levels with equipment that cuts out high and low frequencies, thus
simulating human hearing.
But they are more interested in specific complaints from students.
They can be contacted at 228-4429 before mid-term break.
Are Being Accepted For
President's Committee
To Study Decentralization of AAAS
The Committee is being
established to study maximizing use and
management of present structures.
Applications are being accepted at
AMS Secretary's Office
SUB Council Chambers
5:30 p.m.
'*!* ISP1'
Here are just a few of the savings!
ST 650 o, ROC 550
Reg. $210.00
Reg. $180.00
Reg. $185.00      . 4m&
^OhcUtU'   MEN'S ft LAMES'
$30.00   $21 *88
2 FOR $38.00
$Oj88 $
MEN'S from     wH LADIES'from
:.t      Use Your
9-9 WEEKDAYS and
1503 KINGSWAY   873-2481 Thursday, February 14, 1974
Page 3
Finance officer optimistic
Money for
• in
r nurses expected
Financial aid officer Byron
Hender said Wednesday he is
optimistic nursing students will be
able to obtain financial assistance.
A revised four-year nursing
program begun this year requires
nurses to study 11 months every
year and leaves little opportunity
for nurses to earn enough money
for living expenses.
Hender is working to have the
summer semester of the program,
during which nurses receive
practical training, recognized by
Victoria as an official school term
so that student loans can be
provided during this period.
Hender met Wednesday with
education department officials
about recognition of the summer
"There are certain limitations
within the Canada Student Loan
Act," Hender said. "And some
things are not laid down by the
University Act."
Hender said he is sending a letter
from the registrar outlining the
nursing program with a letter of
recommendation that the extra
semester be officially recognized.
"I'm optimistic that we'll be able
to get some assistance," Hender
Nursing school director Muriel
Uprichard is working to get grants
for nursing students to make up for
the money they are unable to earn
during the summer because of the
Uprichard declined comment
Wednesday about her progress in
obtaining grants.
"Nursing students are certainly
hoping that these things come
through," said Jennifer Fuller,
nursing l, who helped to make a
report of the situation.
"Many students are working
part-time now and will be working
part-time through the summer,"
she said. "A lot of first-year nurses
are saying that they won't be able
to come back next year if the
grants don't come through."
But Hender doesn't agree.
"Nobody drops out of a university
program for lack of money," he
said. "Anyone legitimately
needing funds gets them."
UBYSSEY NEWSROOM?  No, it's longstanding junk from lost and
found to be sold today in SUB 105A. Sa|e is organized by Phrateres
—maurice bridge photo
and proceeds go to their foster child ip Manila. Junk includes assorted
books, coats, suitcases, thermoses, baskets and junk.
Undergrad societies need autonomy
A decentralized Alma Mater
Society should eliminate most
administrative responsibilities and
give more autonomy to undergraduate societies.
This was the view shared by
about 12 students discussing the
needs decentralization would have
to provide for, in a brief Tuesday
meeting held to organize a committee to study maximizing use
and management in the AMS.
"When one thinks of the AMS,
CYVR broadcasts
on the sly again
UBC student radio CYVR will not
be broadcasting on its carrier
current system legally until
September at the earliest, station
president Bill Nicholson said
Alma Mater Society council Jan.
16 gave CYVR one week to get
permission from the Canadian
Radio-Television Commission to
operate its carrier current system.
The system allows persons in
Totem Park and Place Vanier
residences to receive CYVR on AM
The station said Jan. 23 it had
stopped broadcasting and would
submit its application to the CRTC
in time for a hearing March 11.
' But a check Wednesday night
showed CYVR is broadcasting to
Totem Park residents., When
contacted shortly after the cherik
was made, A CYVR staffer said:
"I don't know anything about that
carrier current stuff."
In an interview Wednesday,
Nicholson said it takes a minimum
of three months between submission of an application and a
hearing before the CRTC.
"The western branch of the
CRTC has never received a carrier
current application," he said.
Nicholson said he gave AMS
treasurer John Wilson all the information necessary for making an
application in November.
He said he told Wilson it would
take at least three months to get
the application processed but
nothing was done until the station
got its shutdown notice on Jan. 16.
The application should have been
in by the end of January in order to
make the March 11 CRTC hearings
in Vancouver.
But AMS general manager Bern
Grady said Wednesday the application isn't in yet.
"It will probably be going out
this week," he said. "I understand
that isn't early enough to make the
March 11 hearings."
CYVR staffers said Wednesday
the application was not ready
because "we had too much to do in
too little time."
News director Tom Quill said:
"It's a dead issue as far as I'm
one thinks of SUB," Rick Knowlan,
engineering undergraduate society
vice-president said. He said AMS
preoccupation with SUB and other
related projects such as the pool
have put a burden on student activities. "I've talked to people who
were on campus before the
building was constructed, and they
say there used to be much more
time for other activities."
"The energies of the AMS are all
centred in the building," outgoing
AMS president Brian Loomes told-
The Ubyssey Wednesday. "As
well, it's the bigness and
bureaucracy involved in maintaining it."
Knowlan said some services
should be retained, but the AMS
should find areas where they could
serve the student better than
anyone. He offered the price of
groceries as an example. The
meeting.agreed already existing
services such as The Pit, which
does  meet  student  needs,   be
allowed to continue.
Jennifer Fuller, first year
nursing council spokesman, said a
decentralized AMS should provide
leadership in whatever students
are interested in.
"But before even considering
decentralizing, student membership in the AMS should be
voluntary," she said. "Presently
the AMS is just an arm of the ad-,
ministration and it is not a
democratic thing to force membership."
EUS president Craig Williams
said the EUS could run without the
"We receive no money from the
AMS, except for a small amount of
money it gives us for some
projects, although engineers pay
$4,300 in fees," he said.
"The student council should be
made up of collected faculty representatives, not above and beyond
the undergraduate societies,"
Loomes said. "I think the undergraduate societies should be more
free to organize their own
programs, and the AMS should be
primarily a political body, in quite
a broad sense, organizing
programs of general interest to all
The meeting disagreed with the
present constitutional definition of
the AMS, which allocates more
than $4 million to buildings or
improvements the society decides
is necessary, and over $3 million to
acquisition of stocks, shares and
"If council members were to
look at their jobs as defined in the
AMS constitution and set goals to
follow during the year, the AMS
would be 10 times what it is now,"
Knowlan said. "But right now it
can't be done because things are in
such a mess."
AMS exec meets under wraps
The newly-elected Alma Mater
Society executive is holding secret
policy meetings, treasurer-elect
George Mapson said Wednesday.
Mapson, the current AMS
secretary, said the closed meetings
are strictly executive sessions to
determine policy for next year.
"The meetings may seem like
secret meetings," Mapson said.
"But as a committee we believe
that's the best way and that's the
way we're going to do it."
Mapson said the "package
policy" being developed in the
meetings will be presented at a
press conference March 7 when the
new executive takes office.
The policy meetings have been
held regularly since Feb. 3. Three
meetings are being held this week.
Mapson said if the meetings
were public, the progress of the
executive would be slowed.
When asked why discussion at
the meetings shouldn't be public,
Mapson said: "If things are
brought out piecemeal the facts i
can be misconstrued. We don't
want to give half-assed statements.
Policy looks a lot better and a lot
more organized if it's brought out
as a whole."
Gordon Blankstein, current AMS
vice-president and president-elect,
said meetings have been
productive so far.
"Executive meetings were open
last year because we never had
any," Blankstein said. "We've
done more in this week than was
done all last year."
Blankstein said another reason
for the secrecy of the meetings is
that strategy for the executive's
floor hockey game against
Ubyssey staffers in two weeks was
also discussed.
Equipment worth $1,400
stolen from music
About $1,400 worth of recording equipment was stolen from the
music department recital room sometime last weekend, UBC RCMP
constable S. F. "Secret Squirrel" Leach said Wednesday.
A music department spokeswoman said entry was gained forcibly
sometime Saturday or Sunday. But she said the department won't know
what was stolen until an inventory is made.
Leach would not specify what kind of equipment was taken. He said
no further information could be released because the theft was still
under investigation. Pag* 4
Thursday, February 14, 1974
Rising bile
So a new dean of women has been chosen for us.
How do we know? Why, we know because we've got a
press release right here in front of us saying "For immediate
release." Mailed Wednesday.
Quite late we say, considering,that the decision was
made before Christmas, according to one committee
representative, and confirmed at a closed board of governors
meeting Feb. 5, according to that same press release.
Now everyone knows what The Ubyssey thinks of that
closed board of governors bit. The board, responsible as it is
for decisions on finance and other matters of extreme
importance to students, should not only be open to the
public but should consist of a goodly proportion of student
members. That way maybe students would know what was
going on when it was going on and be able to do something
about it — instead of waiting for press releases to arrive
more than a week later.
And then there's the before Christmas bit.
Student representatives on the dean selection
committee were privy to the discussion of selection of the
dean and of the hiring in December. Now, as soon as those
representatives knew what was going on, students should
have known also.
Students representatives have to remember that they're
on those committees for a two-fold purpose. Not only'
should they give in-put into the decision-making process,
but they should also remember the part about out-put.
They should tell the students they represent exactly what is
going on, and encourage them to discuss all aspects of the
selection process. Especially in a situation like this.
Students should be asking what they want with a dean
of women anyway. Is the old mother figure any good?
Should the person come from UBC and be familiar with
local problems? Should the job be redefined to give it more
punch? Or is it any use —should the position be abolished?
The Ubyssey is open for discussion on this — and the
committee should have been.
As it is, UBC will have to put up with new dean
Margaret Fulton, even though a short telephone interview
printed on the news pages is all we know of this Ontario
teacher (although God knows, at least she's a Canadian).
In the meantime, students' representatives should
reconsider what their role in liaison with students really
Pocket fluff
It's not that the situation is getting out of hand — it's just
that it's been out of hand since Larry Green departed. And
since then ali the baskets and steam shovels have gone
empty. Like who can operate without his daily dose of it?
There's no justice in this sort of society (Doree Dialectic be
damned). But then Martha and her mole friends may have
been collecting it. We figure it should be saved — just like
the Orpheum and Walter Gage's crib. Historic monuments
and all that.
And there's not enough attention paid to it at academic
levels, either. When was the last time one did a really good
PhD thesis on it. Not a damn one. Not one in the past
decade. Tragic.
One of the greatest sociological factors of transvestite
fetishism and no one pays any attention. It may be the
solution to the energy crisis. Untapped energy by the bushel
(you could tax it, Don Macdonald).
Sad. Forgotten gnurrrr.
FEBRUARY 14,1974
Published   Tuesdays,   Thursdays   and   Fridays   throughout   the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the  university  administration.  Member,  Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
Co-editors: Vaughn Palmer, Michael Sasges
This will not be another of those mastheads dedicated to the lunatics
who devote their time and energy to battling in the Non-existent Hockey
League! Vaughn Palmer wept ostentatious crocodile tears in the corner as
Mike Sasges and Lesley Krueger gigled with delight. "But we can't let those
idiots at sports desk tell the story," shrieked Ryon Guedes and Gary Coull
in horror. Little did they know that Alan Doree, Ralph Maurer and Tom
Barnes were at that very moment crawling toward them with slingshots in
hand. But madman Mark Buckshon let his frisbee fly before any mild
damage could be done. Maurice Bridge and Robin Burgess left the scene of
the crime screaming, "Take us to the asylum". Marise Savaria, Doug
Rushton and Sue Vohanka watched as they tumbled quietly down the
stairs. Ben Gelfant donned his surgical gown and prepared for the next
operation, but then Secret Squirrel appeared and it was all over. P.S. This is
I my first masthead and if you dont like it just don't tell the editors
whatever you do. They may sell me to CKNW.
'The Alma Mater Society over-centralized? Don't be ridiculous."
We believe The Ubyssey fails in
its capacity as a student funded
newspaper to provide the type of
open forum that would generate
campus debate on important
university issues. It also fails to
encourage and support the efforts
of student groups, such as
departmental unions and
associations, to organize activities
that would allow students to
engage in the kind of interdisciplinary exchanges that are so
obviously lacking.
At present communication
between students in different
disciplines is at a dismally low
level as is the communication
within the larger faculties. Thus,
the bulk of the students feel
isolated as individuals in the midst
of 20,000 others and their resulting
feeling of impotence produces the
apathy that you write so much
Still The Ubyssey does very little
to engender a sense of community
within the university. Instead you
engage in glib criticism. Judging
from the style and format of The
Ubyssey, the staff must consider
itself in training for the local
commercial press. The Ubyssey is
not the commercial press so why is
it written as if it were? High pulp
content and minimal information
For example, what justification
can you offer for charging student
groups to advertise activities that
are put on free of charge and open
to everyone? Hot flashes and
'tween classes are too brief to
provide an effective advertising
You might counter that the space
in the paper is limited and expensive, however, it is the use
made of the presently available
space that we are questioning.
Our point can be illustrated by
the series of film seminars that is
held every 12:30 p.m. Thursday in
instructional resources centre.
Only a small fraction of the
university community is aware
that these films are being shown.
The next two films are a continuation of a series on the Netsilik
Eskimo that started last week. The
documentary method is most
impressive and the insight given of
the traditional Eskimo life and
hence of their social values is
profound and is particularly important today when so many issues
are being decided that will
determine what is to remain of the
cultures and traditional values of
the   native   people   of   Canada.
(There is a film series on Indians
after the Netsilik series.)
The film that really prompted us
to write was called The Things I
Cannot Change. It documented the
true circumstances of a poor
family with none school-age
children, over a two-week period,
who were living in Montreal. At the
end, there were ten children in the
family and 30 cents to last until the
next welfare cheque. No one was in
danger of starving although
malnutrition is a certainty for the
poor, but neither was there any
reasonable hope that this family
would ever escape its poverty.
The strongest impression left by
the film was of the inability of the
people in the professional and
social institutions with which this
family dealt to give them any effective help. It seemed that each
professional saw himself as
inadequate for the job that needed
to be done and so withdrew to the
comfortable distance of impersonality.
This is easy to understand as the
faculties and disciplines, as they
are presently defined and taught at
the university, are quite blind with
respect to acknowledging any
responsibilities to a society that
exists off campus. We are allowing
ourselves to be trained into narrow
people so that we can more easily
accept the attitudes of the
presently existing institutional
The university mirrors this
structure with its lack of effective
and open internal communications. Television has been
subverted to commercial ends and
the commercial press does a
superficial job of covering even
day-to-day news let alone compensating in part for Canada's lack
of any credible national or regional
We propose the following
changes to The Ubyssey and if
anyone supports them or has a
better idea we hope they will take
the effort to express themselves.
1) The Ubyssey should drop its
editorial page. This is a traditional
holdover from the commercial
press and it is inappropriate for a
publication of limited size that
wishes to solicit input from a
2) Free coverage, before the
fact, of events on campus that are
free and open. At present one must
rely on what information is contained in UBC Reports and This
Week At UBC. An example of their
inadequacy was the poor turnout at
the lecture on Tuesday by Paul
3) Lobbying for at least one
more day a week with two hours
free from scheduled classes.
Presently every extracurricular
that needs more than an hour must
be squeezed into Thursday.
The second proposal might result
in increased costs but we believe
that these would be acceptable if
the students were to finally get
something for their money.
We await your characteristically
contemptuous response.
Sean Hemmingsen
science 3
C. H. Tyhurst
arts 4
Our characteristically contemptuous response is that of
course The Ubyssey does "provide
the type of forum that generates
campus debate on important
The paper has covered students'
efforts to organize in departmental
committees and their struggle for
student representation.
Specifically look at the editorial
page for this term (which you
dismiss as outdated): On Jan. 11
the editorial supported students'
efforts to democratize the music
department; on Jan. 18 it blasted
the minimal faculty representation
granted graduate students; on Jan.
22 it examined the minimal
progress made in women's rights
in the one year since the release of
the status of women's report; on
Jan. 25 the editorial supported arts
students' boycott of their faculty's
registrar-run student representation elections; on Jan. 29 and Jan.
31 the editorials examined the
Alma Mater Society elections and
their aftermath; on Feb. 5 the
editorial examined hiring practices in the English department; on
Feb. 7 and 8 the paper attacked
administration plans to raise
various ancillary service fees; and
on Feb. 12 it analyzed the
provincial government operating
services grant to the university.
Advance notice of all campus
events is provided free in both
'tween classes and hot flashes —
larger events get news stories.
There are so many worthy events
taking place on campus that free
advertising for them would be
completely unrealistic. '
Coverage of campus events such
as film presentations and lectures
depends largely on whether interested reporters are available at
the    time.
The Ubyssey's style and format
are based on what has been shown
to be — both in the student press
and elsewhere — a presentation
that encourages even marginally
interested readers to read the
paper—Eds. Thursday, February 14, 1974
Pag* 5
Solzhenitsyn loose,
dissidents outraged
being deported from the Soviet
Union Tuesday, novelist Alexander
Solzhenitsyn arrived in West
Germany Wednesday and is
.staying with author Heinrich Boll.
The Nobel Prize winner was
arrested in Moscow Tuesday
following a campaign against him
in the Soviet media over
publication of his new book Gulag
Archipelago six weeks ago in
Solzhenitsyn flew from Moscow
aboard a Soviet airliner and later
travelled to Boll's country house in
the Eifel Mountains, between
Frankfurt and Bonn on the west
side of the Rhine River. Boll is also
a Nobel Prize winner.
The controversial book describes
Soviet police terror in forced labor
camps during the past few
decades. Solzhenitsyn spent time
in a labor camp and in Siberian
exile between 1945 and 1956.
Six hours after Solzhenitsyn's
arrest Dr. Andrei Sakharov, a
nuclear physicist and father of
Russia's hydrogen bomb, commented on the event in a telephone
interview   from   his    Moscow
in Germany
department. He was speaking on
the CBC television program As it
Speaking in Russian, Dr.
Sakharov read an official
statement of Soviet dissidents
Money drive on
for building fund
UBC's administration has asked
commerce and engineering
students to help raise $1 million
which inflation has eaten away
from the university's building
The money is needed to complete
two buildings already under
construction — the new wing of
Angus and a new civil engineering
Doug Aldridge, a member of the
Academic Resources Council, said
the construction deficit resulted
from inflation and "other, more
pressing, budget priorities." The
council is comprised of administration and student members
and representatives from the
downtown   business   community.
He said while the board of
governors "knew there would be a
deficit" when it let the Angus
contract last July, it felt sure
private funds could be found to
complete the two projects.
this week
A spokeswoman for education
minister Eileen Dailly said
Wednesday she hopes names of
government appointees to the
senate and the board of governors
will be released this week.
Executive assistant Heather
Freeze said the names of the three
appointees to senate and one appointee to the board must be approved by cabinet before they can
be made public.
"I'm hoping the order-in-council
will go through this week," she
The fund raising drive was
kicked off Jan. 22 in a faculty club
reception, Aldridge said.
He said $64,000 has been raised
so far and he isn't certain when the
drive will be completed.
However, he said, the money
would be found somehow — with or
without the drive — so construction
would not stop in mid-progress.
Aldridge said the council has
asked the commerce and
engineering undergrad societies to
assist in publicizing the fund
raising drive.
The EUS has already added a $1
levy to its society fees to contribute
to the fund, said Aldridge. He said
the levy would raise approximately $3,500 over four years.
Mike Andruff, commerce undergrad society president, said his
group wanted to do more than just
raise student levies.
gathered in his apartment. An
English translation was later read
by an interpreter.
Dr. Sakharov said: "They have
arrested Solzhenitsyn today. No
details have been given to his wife.
We understand this as an act of
revenge for the truthful books he
has published.
"We regard his arrest as an
insult to the memory of the
millions of whom he wrote. The
release of Solzhenitsyn is the only
way to put a wall between what has
been done in the past and what is
happening now?
"For us, the arrest of
Solzhenitsyn is an insult to all those
millions who perished in Soviet
camps and whom he writes about.
Now there is the possibility to
reveal the crimes of Stalinist times
and people must take action immediately to ensure his release."
When asked how he felt personally about this latest action of
Soviet authorities. Dr. Sakharov,
obviously very angry replied:
'Every time something like this
happens we think this will be their
last mistake. Next time they will at
least act intelligently, we think.
And every time it happens again
we are stunned by some new acts
of theirs.'
With Dr. Sakharov was a large
group of Soviet scientists and intellectuals who had gathered in his
apartment to draft and sign the
The only other person identified
by name during the interview was
a member of the Academy of
Sciences, a Dr. Safaryitch who, the
interpreter said, "is here and
wants to sign the statement."
"As soon as we heard they, had
come for Solzhenitsyn," she said,
"Several of us went to the place
where he was taken. We expected
he would get out and we waited for
hours and hours. Finally we called
up his wife and found out he was
being held. Then we came here."
Solzhenitsyn's wife arrived at
the apartment in the middle of the
Dr. Sakharov had said of her
earlier: "she is a very brave
woman. Right now she is at home
taking care of her children."
Solzhenitsyn said she had "no
comment to make" when asked if
she wanted to speak over CBC
,   hicrna
2158-Western Parkway
(above Mac's Milk) ph. 228-1183
Still Interviewing For
Career Employment?
A workshop designed to help you learn some of the
basics of interviewing for career employment, involving
Videotape,  Lecture and Discussion, is now available.
Sign up by Monday, Feb. 18,5 p.m.
at the Office of Student Services
Sponsored by the Office of Student Services and the Faculty of
Commerce & Business Administration.
My Witnesses
12:30 P.M. - Tues. Feb. 19 - Buchanan 106
Documentary drama of Munich, Olympics
Terrorist strike, slain athletes, Jesus people march
(De La Salle Brothers)
A life of
prayer and service
in community.
Please send me a copy of your
16-page photo essay describing
the life of the Christian Brothers.
Mail to:
Brother George Morgan, F.S.C.
5 Avonwick Gate
Don Mills, Ontario M3A 2M5
Certified Value means
regardless of price
or quality, your
diamond value and
satisfaction are
Two fiery diamonds in a unique setting of 18k yellow gold
Diamond solitaire in rough
textured setting of 18k yellow
gold    $385.00
Sketched are two lovely styles
from our Certified Value engagement rings. We have many, many
more — in your required styling,
quality and price range, starting at
$100. Do come in and see them!
The students, faculty, and administrative staff of UBC
will be accorded 10% discount privileges on all purchases
at our 10th & Sasamat store.
566 Seymour
599 Seymour
Pacific Centre
107 E. Pender
Park Royal
. Kamloops
Since 1886
Varsity Store: 4517 West 10th
Tel. 224-4432 Pag* 6
Thursday, February 14, 1974
Hot flashes
Interviews for summer work
with Frontier College will be conducted Friday afternoon only.
Persons wanting an interview
should fill out an application form
at the placement office. This is
the only opportunity to apply.
Frontier College sends university students to work and teach in
remote settlements.
Land talk
The urban land club in commerce will sponsor a panel discussion on B.C.'s housing supply, 7:30
p.m., tonight in Angus 110.
Representatives from the housing industry, the government
housing department and UBC will
present their views. Everyone is
Final sale
The final lost and found sale
this year happens noon today in
SUB 105A.
Proceeds go to support a foster
child in the Philippines.
Everything from books and
clothing to wallets (sans moola)
will be sold. Anything remaining
will be donated to the Salvation
The sale is sponsored by the
'Tween classes
Meeting of all volunteers, noon SUB
The eastern arctic and the narwhal
Is the subject of lecture by Or.
Pierre Dow in the series Travels with
Zoologists, noon Bio Sciences 2000.
A disciple's service of love with
Sven Eriksson, noon SUB ballroom.
W. A. B. Douglas of the national
defence department will speak on
the beginnings of Canadian strategic
bombing (1916-1917), noon,
Buchanan 100. Douglas is the director of history in the department.
Urgent meeting, noon, IH television
Faculty recital with Eugene Wilson
on cello and Robert Rogers playing piano, 8 p.m. music building
recital hall. The University Symphony Orchestra will perform noon
in the recital hall.
Film on Netsilik Eskimo Part II,
noon IRC lecture hall one.
Dr. Somebody Richardson on dental materials, noon dental clinic.
General   meeting,   noon,   Buchanan
Film,   King   of   Kings,   noon,   3:30
p.m.,    SUB    auditorium,    7    p.m..
Totem Park residence.
Fellowship, noon, SUB 205.
Natalie Davis, University of California history department speaks on
symbolic sexual inversion and political disorder in early modern
Europe, noon, Buchanan 100.
General meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
Rap session, 8 p.m., arts one blue
AGAPE   life   meeting,   7:30   p.m.,
3886 West Fourteenth.
Canada West University Athletic
Association women's championships
today and Saturday in gymnastics
gym PE complex.
Bowling party, 8 p.m., Brentwood
Wendy Stevenson speaks on the
LSA and the Feminist movement —
in reply to "the other woman," 8
p.m., 1208 Granville.
Meeting, noon, IH lounge.
Paul Douglas directs the Vancouver
philharmonic chamber orchestra, 8
p.m., music building recital hall.
Karate practice, 1:30 p.m., SUB
party room.
Hike on endowment lands. Meet at
SUB, 10 a.m.
Vespers   focussing  on  Third World
art   and   teaching   in   Papua,   New
Guinea,  7:30  p.m.,  Lutheran campus centre.
Informal worship, 10:30 a.m. Vancouver school of theology chapel of
the epiphany.
Student Prices!
Western Optical
1774 W. 2nd
Poet reads
Canadian poet B. P. Nicol will
read his works Tuesday noon in
Buchanan 218.
Nicol is best known as a concrete poet and usually spells his
name without capitals, but that's
against Ubyssey style.
Union future
The future of international
unions in Canada will be discussed
at noon today in Angus 314.
Fred Mullin, president of the
Pulp and Paper Workers of Canada
and Monty Allon of the United
Steel Workers will be featured in
the debate.
JMoof covrf
Two second-year law students
will argue a case in this year's
grand moot 2:30 p.m. Saturday in
the law library.
This year's mock trial, dealing
with administrative law, will be
argued by Trevor Bell and J.
Robert  Paget.
Saturday's case deals specifically with a private club's appeal
against a decision by the Human
Rights Commission forcing the
club to serve a non-member in its
dining room.
12:30 P.AA.
Hillel House
Two films on the Holocaust
—an interview with Eli Wiesel
—interviews with Canadian
survivors of the camps.
Household Finance Corp.
will conduct
Campus Interviews
Tuesday, Feb. 26
// you are graduating this year in Arts or Commerce and are
interested in an executive career in
Consumer Finance
Please make an appointment at the
Student Placement Office on or after Feb. 15.
RATES:    Campus - 3 ftw.1 day S1.Q0; MMManaf Him, 2ft?
GMMwniat - 3 (mat, 1 d*y $1 JO; additional ,k*$ 36c;
additional d*y» $1.25 & 30c.
■ Classified aits are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance, Deadline is it 30 a m., the day before publication
Publications Office. Roam 241 S.U.B , UBC. Van X, B C
5 — Coming Events
COKE, enjoy an Informal Bible
study and fellowship. Refreshment. Thursdays, 7:30. 4659 W.
4th,   731-7478.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
Warm-tone enlarging paper
now in stock.
Several surfaces — many
the 7Ltn& ano gutter
3010   W.   Broadway 736-7833
SZCOBATE with prints & posters
from The Grin Bin. 3209 W.
Broadway (Opp. Liquor Store &
TEXAS Instruments Calculators.
SR-10 $104.95, SR-11 S129.95. Also
Royal 5T $80. Phone Marv, 325-
4161  eves.
11 - For Sale - Private
TESOT70X THE Looking Glass by
Lewis Carrol, Limited Editions
Club, New York, 1935. Number
831 of 1500 copies graced by the
signature of "the original Alice".
$150. Contact Jim, 731-1689.
E1VA.O 650 turntable, base, cover,
cartridge, like new, $140. Phone
224-9545,  Greg,  Rm.   411.
1955 VW BVOf cheap transportation, $150.00 or best offer, or
swap w.h.y. Must sell. Brian,
1964 BAKBLBX American 6 cyl.
std. Good city transportation. 25
m.p.g    $175.   224-1448.
This is your opportunity to show
your talent. A national talent
promoter is in Vancouver looking for new talent. Studio time
limited for auditioning. Students phone eves. 943-4390.
35 - Lost
UBGENT! Jan. 24, red wallet. Finder please contact Yvonne, 224-
40 — Messages
SKI WKISTIiER. Rent condominium opposite lifts. Day/week.
(206)  LA3-0393.
WIDOW, 42, tall, quiet. Anglican,
enjoys walks, sports, T.V.—Flip
Wilson, McLeod: Books — Bible,
Steinbeck, Chekov; Art — Miro,
Rembrandt; Music — ancient to
present, Callas to Lightfoot;
Science — Da Vinci. Wishes to
meet Christian gentleman. Object matrimony. Send replies to
Room   241   SUB.
50 — Rentals
65 — Scandals
being Jewish at Camp Kwomais,
Feb. 22-23. Registration fee $12
covers all expenses. For infor.
plus reg. forms see desk at
Speakeasy  in  SUB.
70 r- Services
7BXt3Ai>S, are you disenchanted
with marginal service and performance of your imported cars?
Costas has the remedies at
Asho Auto, 867 West 3rd St., N.
Van. (near Capilano Mall). Try
us from  Tues.  to Sats.   985-6317.
EXMBBXEWCE the touch of one
who cares for cars. Perceptive
import owners can sense the
difference. Drop in for a chat
with Costas (985-6317) Tues. to
Sats.   You'll  be glad  you  did!
70 —Services (Continued)
— Reasonable rates and quick
service $3.50 basic. Call 228-1183.
2158 Western Parkway (above
Mac's Milk).
80 — Tutoring
Speakeasy SUB Anytimel
228-6792 - 12:30-2:30
For Students and Tutors
Register Nowl 12:30-2:30
      IBM    Selectric     typist.
Theses and essays. Technical
work. Equations. Mrs. Ellis, 321-
EmCXEXTT Electric Typing. My
home. Essays, Thesis, etc. Neat
accurate work. Reasonable rates.
90 - Wanted
BXtOOS, Mon. - Fri., 9:30. 10:30,
Brock Hall, Room 213. Best
turnout faculty wins Gobulin
BABYSXTTEB, wanted for, two kids
at Whistler cabin 16-22 Feb.
872-7384  before 10 p.m.
99 — Miscellaneous
Use Ubyssey Classified
The UJ1.C. Campus
MARKET PLACE Thursday, February 14, 1974
Pag* 7
UBC seven show
well in Xth meeting
Last month seven of UBC's
athletes, six from track and field
and a wrestler, competed as
members of the Canadian National
team at the Tenth British Comm-
monwealth Games in Christ-
church, New Zealand.
Althought this contingent was
not as large as some that have
journeyed from this campus to
represent Canada at international
games, they made a good
showing, picking up three medals
in the process.
Brenda Eisler won a silver
medal in the women's long jump.
According to UBC track and field
coach, Lionel Pugh, her jump of
20'10-3/4" was about five inches
short of her alltime best. Although
she went into the games as the
favorite, the result was not
disappointing since she had just
come off an injury.
Eisler is the defending Canadian
champion and has competed
internationally for the past four
years. She placed in the top six at
the last Commonwealth Games in
1970 at Edinburgh, Scotland.
Thelma Wright placed third in
the women's 1500 metres for a
bronze medal. Wright is the
defending Canadian and Canada
West Champion. She has been
representing Canada in international competition since 1969
and won a bronze medal in the
same event in Edinburgh.
Patti Loverock placed eighth in
the women's 200 metres sprint,
running just slower than her best
time ever. She is considered to be
an up and coming prospect for
John Beers and John Hawkins,
UBC's high-jumping stars, placed
fourth and fifth respectively in the
mens' high-jump. Beers was rated
tops in the Commonwealth, with
Hawkins placed right behind. The
two, who have jumped over seven
feet on numerous occasions, failed
to go higher than 6'10-3/4". Both
sustained ankle injuries while in
training for the games, and while
they healed in time for the competition, the interrupted training
took its toll.
Teras Hryb, the captain of the
Thunderbird wrestling team, took
a bronze medal in middle weight
wrestling. He had been hoping for
higher placing, but in what seemed
was the UBC curse, he too was hit
with injuries. This time it came in
the form of a torn rib cartilege
and a bruised knee.
It is not known, as of yet, if he
will be able to participate in the
Canada West Championships, to be
held in Calgary Friday and
Saturday. As he is the defending
Canada West, Canadian In-
tercolligiate, and Canadian Open
champion, his presence would be a
definite asset.
Ken Elmer placed fifth in his
heat of the men's 1500 metres.
Elmer, who has competed in
numerous other international
evenlo, including the Olympics,
characterized the games as having
standards ranging from
ridiculously low; the women's
throwing events, to ridiculously
high; the middle and long distance
running events.
He also observed that these
games were much friendlier than
those he attended in Munic.
Wins slide ski to top
Twin wins by UBC skiers Pam
Aiken and Ron Ozanne lifted
Thunderbirds to top spot in the
final pre-champion National
Collegiate Ski Conference meet at
Crystal Mountain, Wash.
Ozanne and Aiken finished first
in slalom and second in giant
slalom events to go home as the
meet's, skimeisters during the
action Saturday and Sunday.
They clinched the meet honors
with a fifth for Aiken and an eighth
for Ozanne in cross-country contests.
Thunderbird Monica Sloan who
led the women's scoring in the first
two pre-championship contests
Ubyssey jocks come
through for big upset
The Biblical epic of David and Goliath was re-enacted in the form of a
floor hockey game at Gym E of the winter sports centre Tuesday.
The Ubyssey team was David and Commerce was Goliath.
David didn't have a pebble for his slingshot and after slapping Goliath
in the face with it proved ineffective, used it to trip him in a heroic come-
from-behind victory 2 to 20.
Ralph "The Pocket Ricket" Maurer scored The Ubyssey's winning
goal on a blazing slapshot from six inches out that dribbled forcefully
over the line.
Alan "The Adequate" Doree scored the tying goal for The Ubyssey.
Marise "The Mauler" Savaria, Mike "The Madman" Sasges, Gary
"The Cannon" Coull, Ken "The Running" Dodd and Doug "The
Destroyer" Rushton also sparked the Ubyssey offence that chased
Brian Kolthammer from the Commerce net by shelling him for 0 goals
in the first 45 minutes.
He was replaced by Sam Peckinpah who was bombarded by three
shots in the last 45 minutes alone.
The Ubyssey defence was extremely steady, allowing goals only when
the Commerce team was on the floor. Lesley "Krunch" Krueger, Boyd
"The Bomber" McConnell, Rick "The Ricket" Lymer and Sue "The
Viper" Vohanka were like a brick wall in front of the net, unfortunately
it was the wrong net.
But the real story of The Ubyssey victory was Tom "Tom Barnes"
Barnes, known to teammates and friends alike as Tom Barnes.
Barnes was brilliant, making 73 stops. However, Commerce took 93
shots on his goal which detracted somewhat from his performance.
When asked what enabled his team to dig down deep for a big effort
and go all the way when they had to, coach-general manager-choreographer-distiller and sergeant-at-arms Vaughn Palmer said, "I just
told them to get out there and win one for the Gipper. After all, they're
pros, (hey knew what they had to do and by God, they did it."
Team owner Ryon "The Guardian" Guedes showed up in the dying
seconds and observed The Ubyssey squad with a jaundiced eye. "It's
nice to see the boys are finally donating blood," he said. "They're
making a lot of mistakes out there. The biggest one, of course, was
coming out of the dressing room. But you expect these things from a
young club. We have a lot of inexperienced rookies, but they're a fine
nucleus upon which to build for the future.
"I think we'll have a real contender soon, in maybe 15 or 20 years," he
was knocked out of contention in
the slalom by a fall near the end of
the first run and another in the last.
She placed first in the giant slalom
ahead of Aiken's second and
Thunderbird Gini Thorburn's fifth-
place finish.
Thunderbird Steve Vajda picked
up a third in the men's giant slalom
behind Ozanne, and a fourth in the
Ozanne earned cheers by making
up a 7/100-second deficit to overtake Steven Winthrop of University
of Washington for the slalom
UBC team coach Bruce Goldsmid picked up a ninth place spot
in the cross-country while Thunderbird Bill Duff placed twelfth. A
third in the women's cross-country
event was picked off by Thunderbird Sloan.
UBC skiers now have come
through the three pre-championship trials with a first-second-first
team performance.
Goldsmid must choose a 10-
member championship team from
the 15 UBC trials competitors.
The championship meet is
scheduled for March 1, 2 and 3 at
Mount Bachelor, Ore.
20% *» 40% •»
"Bicyclt and Hockey Specialists"
4385 W. TENTH AVE.
No, No, Nanette"
Feb. 13 to 16
U.B.C. Old Auditorium
8:30 p.m.
Tickets: $3.00 & $3.50
Feb. 14- 12:30 p.rri.
No Reserved Seats So Come Early!
Intramural Staff
for 1974-1975
Applications are now
being accepted for the
following positions:
Submit a written resume to:
Room 208, Memorial Gym
7:45 P.M. —Main Rink
Will Commerce make it a
St. Valentines Day Massacre?
We give
discount to U.B.C. students!
We carry skis by Rossignol, Dynaster, Head, Fischer, Kneissl,
VR-17, Hexel, plus a full range of ski boots, ski clothing and
336 W. Pender St. 681-2004 or 681-8423
Thursday, February 14, 1974
China after the 'more than
Answer in reliance, participation
Economic development is more
than building factories, constructing skyscrapers or using
massive amounts- of fertilizer in
single crop farms, Chjna expert
Paul Lin said Tuesday.
And the Chinese are currently
trying to find the "more than"
through self reliance and popular
participation, Lin, a McGill
university Asian studies professor,
said in a speech attended by 200
Lin said the "Chinese are rather
worried about the question of
unbalanced growth.
"It's possible to have a great
degree of growth in one sector — a
carcinoma that is incisive," he
Lin cited the green revolution in
India as one example of unbalanced growth. "It provided only
a technology and only a technology
in a particular institutional
structure of India."
The benefits of the new crop and
fertilizing methods were "limited
to the large landholders. They
were the only ones who had the
capital to invest in fertilizer," he
Lin said western agricultural
changes have resulted in "a
tremendous, further, polarization
of society which has produced
greater inequities in Third World
countries than before."
Problem social
BuT the, Chinese recognize the
"economic problem is basically a
social problem" and realize
technological innovation and
capital investment are not enough
for truly balanced development, he
So they have, after social
upheavals beginning in 1956 and
continuing with the still slowly-
boiling Cultural Revolution, attempted to develop a set of
operational values- and practical
policies which bring the people
more fully into the productive
The operational values include
popular participation or "power to
the people", said Lin. "It's the
people who must participate."
China's politics, society and
economy are dominated by
.another motto: "Serve the
people," he said. "This permeates
not just the people at the top but
also the. average peasant."
A third value, said Lin, is "self
reliance or autonomy in
development. It's necessary to
utilize the material and human
resources at hand."
Lin said the three values are
reflected in four overriding
principles of Chinese development,
"not just economic development."
The principles include:
• Social justice: developing a
better form of human relationships;
• Economic welfare — particularly through equal
distribution of resources;
• Cultural fulfilment — people
themselves proceed in producing
the culture;
• Ecological soundness —
making a satisfying esthetic environment.
Problems yet
Lin said China has not yet solved
all its problems or completely put
its goals into practice. "There's
still pollution in Shanghai."
"I still saw bureaucrats, status
consciousness, people getting into
big limousines, and people bowing
or holding doors open for special
people," he said.
But he said the new development
principles are clearly exhibited in
new cities like Ta-ching which he
said is "a prototypical type of
paradigm." He said the city's
industrial development is spread
among several hamlets located
near the people's work.
Lin said everyone is involved in
construction and expansion of the
unpolluted community which is
characterized by green fields and
low-rise buildings.
Lin also outlined briefly the
progression of Chinese history
since 1949 from a current perspective.
He said the communist ideology
of development originated in the
"mass line" after Mao's communist party broke away from Sun
Yat-sen's first revolutionary
Lin said this mass line, or large-
scale participation in the
development strategy, is
represented "not only in military
but also in economic strategy."
Peasants make
He said this strategy includes
peasants making their own supplies "even to the extent of their
producing their own salt."
Lin said the Chinese, "most
rigorous in their attempt to merge
theory and reality", were forced
by American policy in the 1940s to
depend on Moscow for economic
and political leadership.
But Lin said the Russian model
of revolution with its dependence
on economic rather than social and
human development didn't really
apply to China. So there was "an
early opposition to the Soviet
model" which became apparent in
Lin said, earlier in 1949, the
Chinese bourgeoisie were "bought
out by the new government and
retained proceeds from fixed rate
of interest."
"It was a peaceful change in
social and economic power. It was
not necessary to use violent
Regression seen
But said Lin: "If it is possible to
peacefully make that kind of
change in the real society there
might be a peaceful  regression
back to the old system."
He said Chinese leaders became
aware of this regression about 1956
when a new economic system was
initiated which was "based on cooperatives, nationalization of
urban industry and socialization of
the handicrafts."
Then began a conflict between
Mao Tse-tung's group and a more
conservative group of leaders
including Lin Shao-chi who felt
Mao was reforming things "too
The recent Cultural Revolution
represented the explosion of the
formerly simmering conflict
between Mao and his opponents,
Lin said.
Lin said currently there is "a big
campaign   against   Confucius
Confucius is not a person who lived
2,000 years ago. He lives today,"
Lin said Confucianism
represents "an influence toward
stratification and polarization of
society." He said the anti-
Confucionist campaign launched
last August was not so coincidentally paralleled by a massive
pro-Confucious program by the
Taiwanese Nationalist government.
Lin said the "campaign against
Confucius is tied with Lin Pao,"
recently discredited by the Chinese
He said Confucionism is opposed
to the concept of "li", or real,
Old supported
However he said there are still
people in China who support
Confucionism and who "want to
oppose the egalitarian void."
Lin emphasized through his
speech the Chinese social model
might not apply to Western
nations, just as the Russian model
didn't work in China.
Yet he said China's basic
revolutionary procedure of "both
repudiation as well as construction; breaking as well as
building; a metabolic process";
might have lessons for the rest of
the world — including so-called
"overdeveloped" nations like the
U.S. and Canada.
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