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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 6, 1992

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t#£ ^9^£^5 zss#£
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Friday, March 6, 1992
Vol 74, No 41 Classifieds 822-3978
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Saturday, Mar. 7
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at 8:15 p.m.
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WHOLESALE PRICES! High quality t-
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summer? Gain valuable real world exp. with
a chance toearn$10,000ormore. CallWorks
Corps at 298-7429 or 1-800-665-4992.
LOOKING FOR A SUMMER JOB? Southwestern is olTering students mktg/mgmt experience and an opportunity to make $6000.
Call 922-4201 for info.
Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
3:30pm, for Friday's paper,
Wednesday at 3:30pm.
Note: "Noon"^ 12:30pm.
Friday, March 6th
Gays & Lesbians of UBC. Bzzr
Garden. 4-7 pm, SUB 215.
UBC Young Conservatives. Presentation: Tom Siddon, M.P.,
Minister of Indian Affairs speaks
on "First Nations and the Constitution." Noon, SUB Audit.
UBC Students for Choice, UBC
Women's Centre. Rally with
speakers, Noon, SUB South Plaza
(if raining: SUB 207/209).
School of Music. Concert - University Chamber Singers. Cortland
Hultberg, director. 8:00 pm, Recital
Hall, Music Bldg.
UBC Student Counselling and
Resources Centre. Time Management, Noon -1:20 pm. Brock 200.
USS. Gays & Lesbians of UBC at
the USS Outreach Desk. Noon -
1:30, SUB Concourse.
USS. UBC Chaplain at the USS
OutreachDesk. 11:30 -Noon, SUB
SUMMER POSITION (mid April) - loving
care for 2 children - 4 1/2 years & 6 mo. 3/days
per week. Reference 734-4195.
CHATEAU LAKE LOUISE boutique req. exp.
salesperson. Must be fully proficient in both
English & Japanese, written & spoken. $7 &
up/hour. Please send resume by FAX (604)
PAINTERS/FOREMAN (sic) full-time, experience necessary. $8-15perhour. Call Alumni
Painters 983-2512.
painting outdoors & make lots of $$$. No.
exp. req'd. Call Justina pgr 680-1684.
WANNA MAKE $500O-$6000 this summer?
Now hiring painters & crewchiefs, no exp.
nee. Call Thompson 9 443-4947 (pager)
NEEDED: PART-TIME temporary workers
for postering on campus. $7.50/hr. Call 822-
4403 or drop by the AUS office in Buch A107.
Speak up more in groups
A 4-session training program (free)
offered as part of counselling research.
Please call 822-5259 NOW!
Two locations: 2034 W. 11th between
Arbutus and Maple, 736-2729
or 1850 York Ave at Cypress & York, 731
We rent Ryder Trucks and sell boxes &
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catalogue. Drop-in Session.
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GSS. Open Stage/Jam. Prizes
awarded. 8-11 pm, Fireside
Students of Objectivism. Weekly
discussion. Topic: What is evil
and why is it impotent? Noon,
SUB 215.
Sunday, March 8th
500 Years of Resistance: A Forum
for Dialogue: A conference concerning the legacy of colonialism
with speakers, workshops, and a
panel discussion will be held at
the Student Union Building Auditorium, 10 am - 4 pm. Admission is $5 which includes refreshments and muffins. For more info,
call 736-1054.
Monday, March 9th
AMS Programs. Elijah Harper:
Columbus 500years? Noon-2:30,
SUB Audit.
AMS Women's Centre & Hillel/
Jewish Students' Assoc. Jewish
Women's Discussion Group — all
women and men welcome. 5:00
pm, Hillel House.
Hillel/Jewish Students' Assoc.
Student Board Meeting. Noon,
Hillel House.
AMS Art Gallery. Art Exhibition:
EXPD MATH TUTOR avail, for Math 100,
Math 101. Pager290-0306 (lv. message)or
call 874-4349
FOREXPER1ENCED tutonng&assistance
in your university/college courses work in
English, ECT, social sciences, humanities
courses and in ESL conversational & written, please contact RAJ ph: 669-1157; mes
sage. 669-5641.
WD Process/typing, APA/MLA, Thesis.
Student rates.  Dorothy, 228-8346.
Don't waste your time running all over |
: APA, MLA, theses, resumes ... !
, No problem.
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Or phone: 822-5640
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LOOKING FOR3-4yearolds m/fforcommunication research in your home. Must have
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Students for Fair
will meet to discuss ways to
support union members
in the event of a strike at UBC.
Fri. Mar. 6
@lpm in SUB 207/209
following the International
Womyn's Day rally
3757 W. 10th Ave.
(10th and Alma)
Vancouver, B C
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Mcno monitor wiih Macule* j
compatibles canJ ;
4'JMtl*   1*^.)
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i jsain,
iced k
SO Megnart Jnve
Mono monitor *iiii Hercules
compatibles card
(604) 222-2326     FmMtoW&WZ
Unique Traditional Chinese
— *   Cooking on Campus       .'"*
on cash puk-up orders.
2142 Western Parkway,
University Village
228-9114   r^"
letter; fast, professional quality & reasonable rate. Call TONY 322-6134.
YO, HEATHER, WHO'S my favourite ter
minator, Babe? Good luck with exams —
show no mercy. Nodnarb.
Tessa Lamb. 9:30 - 4:30, Mon-Fri
In case of a strike, the opening will
be held at 4142 W. 10th Ave. Tue.
March 10, 7-10 pm..
GSS. Free Videos: 5:30 pm "My
Life as a Dog." 8 pm:??. Fireside
Political Science Students' Assoc.
Noon hour forum by Dr. J. Bak on
the resurgence of nationalism in
Eastern Europe. Noon, BUCH
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Student Health Outreach. Nutrition Week - Lunch on the Run.
11:00 - 2:00 pm, SUB, Main concourse.
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M-TH 8-9 FRI 8-6
SAT-SUN 11-6
Test Your Best!
Classes Forming Now.
Stanley H. Kaplan
Take Kaplan Or Take Your Chances
For more information call
PANEL. 500 years of]
women's resistance    j
•Anna Llao: Mapuche I
Indigenous person (Chile) j
•Shirley Sterling j
(Seepeetza): member of the      \
Interior Salish Nation
•Maxine Pape: Saanich
WORKSHOPS: Representation, Art, Institutions
•Sunera Thobani: South Asian
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• Greg Favelle: Gitksan
• Celeste Insell African
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Representative of the
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• Friendly Service • Great Prices
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OPEN 12:00 P.M. - 10:00 P.M.
March 6,1992 NEWS
What is so funny about violence??
by Karlyn Koh
Two men, dressed in hunting
gear, are posing with shotguns in
their hands. The older, grey-haired
one says solemnly to the other,
"Yesterday I SHOTmy WIFE, both
the AVON LADY!!" The younger
man, thumb hooked in his jacket,
and with a fawning grin replies,
"TERRIFIC, Marvin, but didn't you
know - mother-in-law season
doesn't open till NEXT MONTH!?"
The caption reads "HAPPY
HUNTING!"(original emphasis).
This is a description of a
postcard that was recently sold at
the Thunderbird Shop.
Manager Bob Gray agreed to
withdraw this particular card, of
which there were six when someone officially complained, but by
that time they were sold out.
Gray said he does not dispute
that the card can be offensive, and
that he has always responded to
public complaints about the products sold in the shop.
"The card is not specifically
targeting women, but it could be
interpreted that way, and in that
respect well remove it. We try to
work with everybody on campus,"
Gray said.
Assistant manager Lisa
Loglisci chooses products for the
"I am a woman, and if I thought
[the card] was degrading to women,
I would not have bought it. I was
gearing to humour, and catering to
people's humour, not slamming
women. Everybody's sense of
humour is different," she said.
However, Margaretha Hoek,
an advisor of the Sexual Harassment Policy Office, said people often do not identify humour with
Union members poised
to strike at UBC
by Carla Maftechuk
Two Canadian Union of Public Employees locals voted Tuesday
in favour of a strike and could take
action as early as Saturday afternoon.
"It is our intention to shut the
university down, to bring operations to a halt," said Ann Hutchinson, chair ofthe CUPE 2950 contract committee. Members voted
79 per cent in favour of a strike and
along with Local 116, delivered 72-
hour strike notice at lpm on
Local 2950 members, more
than 90 per cent of which are
women, consist of library, clerical
and secretarial workers.
CUPE 116, which includes
technicians, custodians, parking
and security, food services and
trades employees, had their last
negotiation meeting with UBC
administration on Monday. Members voted 75 per cent in support of
a strike.
Both locals have been offered
four per cent total compensation
for the first year of their contracts.
They want an increase at least in
line with inflation, which was 5.2
per cent for 1991.
The Industrial Relations
Council has appointed a "special
enquirer," who began informal
mediation sessions on Thursday.
A memo from the Vice President Academic's office said
"[M]embers of the University
community are free to follow their
conscience in deciding whether or
not they wish to cross picket lines.
Staff members' and students' decisions must be respected." In the
event of a strike, students who
choose not to cross picket lines
must inform the dean of their faculty either by telephone, letter or
in person.
Student council has not taken
a position on the labour dispute.
"It is not uncommon that
women fall into that kind of
humour. A lot of women don't recognize this as violence against
women. It is more important to see
themselves as good sports," she
"A lot of humour
in [this] culture is
at the cost of somebody else, so it really
takes some changing
for people to drop shot-
taking. It is always refreshing to find humour
that is not hostile," Hoek
Freedom of speech is often
another argument made for
printed material. "Publications
and printed material on campus
are grey areas, and they shouldn't
be. Cases like this fall under the
'poisoned environment' definition
of sexual harassment," Hoek said.
Once again old labels like
"feminists have no sense of
humour" are stuck on complainants.
Janet Jones, an arts student,
was one of the women who complained about the card.
"For me, this is not a personal
vendetta against the Thunderbird
Shop.Itisvery scary that we all o w
this sort of thing to be passed as
humour. It indicates the real ignorance in society which cloaks reality," Jones said.
Anjula Gogia, an arts one student, and Noel Currie, a graduate
student, said the card should not
have been purchased at all and it
was symptomatic ofthe misogyny
prevalent everywhere.
"The fact that people can laugh
at a card like this, and are buying
it, shows how violence against
women is trivialized," Gogia said.
"It's hard to reduce societal
misogyny into one sentence. This
one card does it," Currie said.
In June 1991 the standing
committee on Health and Welfare,
Social Affairs, Seniors and the
Status of Women re
ported:    "male
is   a
tion in
exists on
form  of
our society that
ra continuum that in
cludes sexist jokes, pornography,
sexual harassment, prostitution,
emotional, psychological and
physical wife assault, date violence,
child abuse, incest, and individual,
serial and mass murders."
Cherry Graydon, a
MediaWatch representative, said
trends in the media perpetuate
male violence against women.
"Men are encouraged to be aggressive [and] women who are exposed [to such images] are more
likely to accept themselves as passive victims," Graydon said.
"In the context of a society
where domestic violence is a huge
problem, this kind of stuff [the
postcard] is outrageous. I am tired
of people saying that feminists
don't have a sense of humour," she
Can you find anything to laugh at
in these grim figures?
•1 in 4 women will be sexually
Members of CUPE 2950 voted 79% in favour of striking last Tuesday.
a   s   -
saulted at
some point in
their lives, half of
these before the age of
•A conservative estimate of
women who are physically and/or
sexually assaulted each year by a
husband or live-in partner is 1 in
•Of all women murdered in
Canada, 62 per cent are killed by
their male partners.
•In 1989, 119 women were murdered in Canada by current or
former husbands or male partners.
•Ofthe total number of adults and
juveniles charged by the police for
crimes of violence in 1989, 89 per
cent were male.
(sources: War Against Women,
Report of the standing committee
on Health and Welfare, Social Affairs, Seniors and the Status of
Women, June 1991. Wife Battering
in British Columbia: A fact sheet,
Battered Women's Support Services)
Engineers to pay
On Wednesday, student
council accepted an ammended
version of a Student Court judgment made last Friday.
The judgement accepted
stated the $15,000 restitution order imposed upon the Engineering
Undergraduate Society (EUS) by a
previous student court decision was
not contingent on the EUS student
fees being collected for the 1990/91
academic year, with the
ammendment that the restitution
was payable as of April 4,1990 and
no interest penalty would apply
until 30 days after Council accepted
the judgement be struck.
The order was imposed on the
EUS for offensive content in a
newsletter published by the society
in March, 1990.
The accepted judgement will
not be in effect until student council
reconvenes and accepts the minutes from Wednesday's meeting.
Oka conflict
Court action against most
ofthe First Nations' people who
were behind the Oka barricades
began in Montreal on March 2,
1992. Five BC women who were
in the struggle at Oka are now
standing trial: Beverley Scow
of Alert Bay, Jennie Jack and
Lucille Jack of Taku River,
Georgina Michell of Pavilion,
and Cheryl Barney of Lillooet.
Supportfor these women is
crucial since they face escalating transportation and court
costs. Donations can be made
to the Friends of Oka, c/o #701
744 West Hastings, Vancouver,
B.C., V6C 1A5.
March 6,1992
-a*    .    jTr»J
by Rebecca Bishop
Because of my identification as a bisexual woman, a
lesbian assumed that some
form of an alliance should exist between us for the fact that
both of our sexual identities
are outside the norm.
This assumption offended
me because it is exclusionary.
It supports the construction of
marginal groups which can not
effectively battle oppression. And
yet we as women continue to separate ourselves into groups.
The existing power structures are
based on a heterosexual white male
norm. Individuals who differ from that
norm usually attempt to submerge their
differences, be they race, gender, sexuality,          -^^-_« ,^p_B>|u^H_p|
or whatever. The power of these established        ^HHjt. ^^CKal99BC3
structures is based on the exclusion of difference.
Women's lives do not fit into the oppressor's established white male "norm", and yet there is little effort                  |   .	
to explode this norm by supporting diversity. We rarely      ^-•&-^'-fSH*-*SM-fc8ftfca>**rr->T«.j—j- -i.——^fiS3^3
attempt to meet with and learn about differentmarginalized
Women's groups may be divided up by differing positions due
to economic status, race, age, sexuality, visibility, ablebodiedness,
degrees of politicization, education, etc.
As an educated woman, I have felt a distinct distance between myself and a working
class woman when talking to each other. This distance couldbe an easy excuse for not getting to know
this woman. Unconfronted, this discomfort is a factor that reinforces class distinctions. The effort to educate ourselves about
other women's lives requires work. Simply being a bisexual does not mean that I have some heightened sensitivity to issues related
to lesbians. Any knowledge I have has been a result of my taking risks and making an effort to learn.
The assumption that membership within a group can be equated with sisterhood discourages diversity and causes divisions among women.
Women need to look further than the circles in which they find themselves. They should, however, be sensitive to the different conditions of women's
lives. Each and every woman should be the final authority on her experience. Assuming pre-knowledge is assuming power and taking away a woman's
voice before she has had a chance to speak.
The call for self-education is not acall for unity. Distinct groups are necessary because similar women may come together with similar goals. Education
is, however, needed for the aknowledgment and respect for difference, and the ability to create bridges when and where alliances can be useful.
Women who choose to remain ignorant of others in different circumstances accept an exclusivity found in the heterosexual white male's norm of
homogeneity. This serves to divide women along the lines that promote oppression. Women divided will remain women oppressed.
To understand what's going to happen in the next few days — read this...
The university is forcing a strike on you. You are going to be seriously inconvenienced. The university is going to be paralyzed! Why is this happening?
The seven men who run this University-
David Strangway
Daniel R. Birch
vp academic & provost
William Webber
associate vp academic
Albert.!. McClean
associate vp academic
Salary (1990/91)
We are the clerical, secretarial, clinical, library and computer workers who along with CUPE 116 (food service,
custodial, technical, etc.) play an important role in serving you at this University.
We don't want to strike and we don't want to inconvenience you.
We are mostly women (over 90%) and we average $24,000 a year salary.
These seven men offered us a 3.85% increase this past year! Inflation was at 5.7% (]an'91 - Jan'92). They offered
the people making over 535,000 a year (78% men—managers and faculty) 7% including merit increases.
They have been systematically widening the gap between us and other workers, between '   >n and women.
Is this fair?
They are creating wage ghettos tor women at UBC, where we make less (or X.sarne w, >i>
universities or in hospitals.
They arepounngmiUionsiniobuiidi'jigconsir.iciii.M":, but show d.y cooiemp*.'..'   :■•■ ov
They have been doing ab this becau;-- they though* w? would :'■'■ protest
But we protest—78% of our local voted io strike W" Mmp>v carrot aeo'pr the ur.o' ""■■•
.i: oiho:
■ position
K.D. Srivastava
SI 37,564
Do vou understand what that nv-jn- tor li>, to str>ke nr, taf,e-home pay •>< X4f'») ;k" r.   <r
!^ J b«- wi'Xi."
vp student and academic services
a salary?
Do vou understand our anger at being the working poor?
A. Bruce Gellatly
vp administration and finance
Understand that when the buses run back, and the traffic is heavy and the food is from m )
the library doesn't work, that it is these seven men and their contempt for us and really their c
o.es and when
Robert C. Miller
that is to blame.
vp research
Vic Wilson                            Ann Hutchison
—have decided to pit their lowest paid workers,
support staff, the invisible
president                                2nd vice president
people, the working poor (mostly women), against
the students.
chair, contract committee
March 6,1992 WIMMfN'S ISSUE
Looking for justice
Again, tradition has been threatened by merely
an alternative account of history. A strong feminist
and atheist bias were inherent in the two assignments that I completed for an upper level history
class last fall. In one essay, I was to present the
attitudes revealed from certain primary sources. I
discussed the attitude held towards religion and
wrote that religion was used to justify war:
* Christian faith supports a belief in the afterlife,
thus making death a more welcome event. In this
respect, life on earth Is worth sacrificing for a life in
the Kingdom of God. Therefore, if one is fighting a
war with a devil, then one Is doing "good" and In
the event of death, assured a life in heaven."
In the other, I was to analyse a movie about a
French abortionist who lived during World War II. I
argued that she "was a product of a repressive
religious institution and conservative society...who
offended the Nazi State and Catholic Church."
Both papers were met with grades of fifty per
cent and comments like the following:
"You talk about the position of women from
the viewpoint of 1991—and that Is scarcely fair to
the past... You seem to have taken a rather odd
interpretation of Marie-Jeanne and her fate."
After receiving the first grade, I spoke with my
professor to see if he could offer any "insight" or
"aid" so that I did not receive another disgusting
mark. These efforts proved fruitless, as I received
yet another fifty per cent mark. I opted for an
alternative path to justice. I decided to have my
paper Informally re-read by another professor in
the history department. This man responded to my
"C. and I have been friends for twenty years... he
has a great reputation ... I mark harder than he
He refused to reread my paper and continued
to warn me:
"If you take this to higher courts, you will not
receive any sympathy here (history department)."
His advice to me was that "you should go to
Professor H. and flutter your eyelashes, talk in your
sweetest voice, and say that you are perplexed
about his comments." fJty main point and issue of
contention, that history is Interpretation, was never
addressed by Prof A.
Instead of regurgitating traditional approaches
to history, I offered different explanations. Because
I chose not to conform to conservative modes of
thought, I alienated myself from this history class. I
withdrew from this class because my convictions
and education standards conflicted with Professor
H and A. Naively and optimistically, I believe that
university should be an Institution that not only
teaches one to think critically, but also to freely
express those critical thoughts.
Those in positions of power and authority at this
university who continue to cling to conservative
Ideology must realize that "new thinkers" are not a
personal threat. Before university can become a
truly educational institution, individual expression
must not only be rewarded in theory, but also in
Marni Wedin
Have you ever been surprised to
receive a bad mark on a paper that you
thought was really good? A paper that
looks at literature or an historical event
from a feminist perspective? Or quotes
from feminist sources?
We have.
You're trying to take an initiative,
you want to do something that isn't one
ofthe five generic essay topics, or you
just want to look at one of the topics
from a non-traditional angle. And your
profs can't deal with it.
They write comments like "Feminism has no place in Shakespeare" or
"interesting. Dut not relevant." They
aren't familiar with the sources or
theory you've used, so they discount it.
You aren't telling them what they want
to hear and they punish you for challenging the status quo.
This doesn't only happen to your
papers. It also happens to your art
projects, music and theatre performances, your thesis proposals and research ideas.
You study male authors, male composers, male-centred research; vou listen to male profs, very few of whom
encourage you to question their curricula or consult alternative (feminist)
You have little choice when it comes
to feminist-oriented courses. You don't
have many female role models or mentors to look up to.
53 per cent of undergrads are
women, and yet we have a nard time
succeeding at university if we do not
think and write like men.
But we are at university. We are
privileged to be here. Most women do
not have this opportunity. Some people
might say that we're lucky to be where
we are and we shouldn't protest.
We have to.
We have to because we are here,
and in trying to advance equality, we
cannot fall into the submissive position that society thrusts upon us. We
should not be made to feel as if we
cannot fight the injustice here.
We can.
We can fight it by continuing to
write from a feminist perspective. We
can fight it by insisting on feminist
content in courses. We can fight it by
supporting and encouraging each other.
Because there definitely IS a place
for feminism in Shakespeare. And everywhere else at university.
the Ubyssey
The Ubyssey i* a founding member of
Canadian University Press
March 6,1992
The Ubyssey Is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those ofthe university administration, or ofthe sponsor.
The editorial office Is room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 822-2301; advertising,
822-3977; FAX 822-9279.
Tensions were rising in 241K. Frances Foran demanded fair wages and Paula Wdlings grumbled about the number
of hours in the workdays/nighu/momings. Jana Dionne said it would be okay if we got paid at all, but this working -
for-free shit was just too much. Ela3ine Griffith sensed that the time was right for an uprising, and she and Pam
Rogers gave 72-hour strike notice on behalf of the collective. Dianne Rudolph dusted off the baseball bats while
Helen Willoughby-Price painted aesthetically pleasing picket signs. Nadene Rehnby and Maria Stevenson
recruited Ellen Pond and Carol Odell for the negotiating team. While the spirit of Franka Cordua von Specht
quietly groaned in the hallway, Effie Pow demanded a mediator, and Karlyn Koh offered to do the thankless job.
Cheryl Niamath printed press releases on a photocopier in the library while Carta Maftechuk sent out faxes to
whoever she could think of. Against Sue Ahn's advice, Lyanne Evans showed her cow pictures to the media,
hoping to get some sympathy (and maybe money too, if she play ed her cards right). Picket captain Rebecca Bishop
organized pickets JYT, Nicole Bateman and Tage, while Tama Trepanier and Brenda Magajna posted signs
explaining our position. Sam Green warned any potential scabs that there was no place for them here, and if they
really wanted to put out a paper she knew a nice basement in Kerrisdale where they could work. Yukie Kurahashi
wrote letters to the editor in support of the strike on behalf of the young PC. Sharon Lindores laughed her
unforgettable laugh—we'll all have Monday off. Oh, her shattered nerves I
Editors       • Sharon Lindores • Carla Maftechuk ,    „,
•  Effie Pow cover by Wendy Wanda
  Starfish Niamath
'ng life's great,
eternal passions
into music
The Marriage of Figaro
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"For every dollar
a man makes, a
woman makes
630. Now, 50
years ago, that
was 620. So,
with that kind of
luck, it'll be the
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-Laurie Anderson
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Evening BUFFET from 5 pm
in my Great Buffet!
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The University of British Columbia
by Ian Weir
a serious comedy by a
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Directed by Stephen Malloy
March 4 -14
Special 2 for 1 Wednesday March 4
Curtain 8:00 pm
Reservations and Information 822-2678
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March 6,1992
THE UBYSSEY/5 Dr. Phyllis Ross
was the first woman
to be chancellor of UBC,
serving from 1961 to 1966.
She was the first woman in
the commonwealth to hold
this position. Her son,
John Turner, grew up to be
Prime Minister for a little
The Women's Gymnasium
Club Executive, 1926.
This club was popular with
women "who endeavoured
to keep fit by physical exercises of different sorts."
Some ofthe women
who were here
i      before us
by Cheryl Niamath
Women have been active at UBC
since this university was founded.
Some fought for equal education for
women, some went against tradition
and entered the very male-dominated
fields of applied sciences and medicine,
some worked in "support staff ' positions, and some simply came here and
got an education—something women
were not encouraged to do back at the
beginning of this century.
It was difficult to find pictures of
the women who came before us. Most of
the photographs available depict only
those who were in a position (either
economic or social) to study or be hired
Women of colour and women who
worked in support positions on campus
were not deliberately excluded from this
photo album of women in UBC's history; photographs of them either do not
exist or have been lost.
The Ladies' Literary
and Debating Society,
The "Ladies' Lit" debated issues such as
women's suffrage and
co-education. Member
Evelyn Story, (seated,
right) ran for AMS
president in 1916, but
lost by one vote. The
man who won offered to
make it up to her by
taking her to the convocation ball.
Dorothy Sommerset founded
Frederick Wood Theatre, one of
Vancouver's most progressive theatres.
She also taught acting and theatre
history through the English department, founding the Theatre department in 1958.
March 6,1992 Dr. Isabel
Maclnnes was the first
female faculty member at
UBC (and the only one
until 1920). *
For more background on the women who helped
form this university, read UBC grad Lee Stewart's
book, "It's Up to You": Women at UBC in the
Early Years, which chronicles the experiences of
women here from the founding of the university
until the end of the second world war.
The Women's Undergraduate Society, 1925-26.
Honourary president Mary Bollert was the first
* Dean of Women at UBC.
Photographs courtesy of UBC Archives.
McGill University College of BC.
Women's Grass Hockey Team, 1911
March 6,1992
Spokesdyke at a conservative institution
by Nadeno Rehnby
There is a central theme
running through the seemingly
disparate concerns of UBC professor Mary Bryson.
While some know her best
for her success in bringing same-
sex spousal benefits to UBC, and
others for her pioneering lesbian
studies course last fall, her work
widely spans both a political and
academic spectrum.
Mary Bryson recently offered
her opinions to The Ubyssey, not
as a representative ofthe university, but as a concerned member
of the community.
Toward a new pedagogy
Bryson, a professor in educational psychology and special
education, works on issues of
technology in education—specifically how expertise in the area
of educational technology tends,
historically, to limit access and
uses to the disadvantage of certain people as a function of gender, class, and race.
"I'm interested in taking
technologies and either putting
them in the hands of people who
don't usually have them, or taking a look at how marginalized
people make use of those technologies in ways that change their
capacity to represent meaning,
and so, through access, to produce meaning."
And those capacities, Bryson
said, affect how structures influence the people working within
them, or excluded from them.
"Institutional structures
doing a survey of gay and lesbian
content within university courses.
Spousal benefits for lesbian
and gay faculty
In summer 1989,
Bryson applied to the
administration for
spousal benefits for her
partner. "Not naively,"
she said. "I was quite
aware I might be
turned down.
"I was told that I
couldn't apply because
my spouse was of the
same sex and so,
through that kind of
simple observation,
therein ensued
about six months of
hard labour.
"The faculty association went to bat on
my behalf, and eventually, administration
agreed to change it's
policy." But, Bryson
said, that's when most
of her real work
"To my surprise,"
she said, smiling,
"nothing happened.
Nobody was notified
about the change in any
kind of straightforward
way. There was maybe
a line in some kind of
newsletter that nobody
reads, but this was a
momentous kind of
"It was maybe the second or
the third university in Canada,
and the first west of Toronto, to
approve a policy like this. It served
sexuality. The work by gay and
lesbian scholars, like Michel Fou-
cault or Judith Butler, is absolutely essential now in literary
theory, in fine arts, in sociology, in
"I don't think that there are a lot of villains in this
process, it's just that there are a hell of a lot of
structures and constraints and we know, already,
who they're most likely to hurt."
"There's this perception of
these issues as somehow pertaining only to a somehow distant and
not particularly important group.
"And that would be a kind
of liberal view. I mean, for
some, it's just damnation
and infamy."
Making waves with
WMST 425b: lesbian
constrain what people can do by
placing limits on who gets to talk
and in what context—something
as simple as whether there are
students on a committee within
the department, and if so, how
many. How is talk structured in
committees and how are decisions made about course content.
"The discourse of the institution functions as a way for
power to circulate, without anybody necessarily being either aware of it or particularly villainous. I
don't think that there
are a lot of villains in
this process, it's
just that there are
a hell of a lot of
structures and
constraints and
we   know,   already,        who
they're    most
likely to hurt."
Along with
other       work,
Bryson is involved
with    a    major
project to find or
create technologies
for primary teachers
based on the needs of
individual educators, and
not on the views of an institution deciding what their needs
Her work on gay and lesbian
issues at UBC continues. She is
part of an ad hoc committee
within the faculty association
as the first in a series of domino
effects. Citing UBC, the city of
Vancouver then changed its policy,
SFU changed its policy, and of
course the whole thing was not
being celebrated within the university in a way that seemed to me
was consistent with the significance of what had happened.
"We don't get victories like this
very often, and it seemed important to me that it be included
as part of our history,
not just gays and
lesbians,    but
anybody within
the university
who is interested in issues of equity.
of gay
and lesbian studies isn't of
only to
queers, it
could be of interest to anybody who is interested in the discourses of sexuality.
Heterosexuals often aren't particularly reflexive about heterosexuality—they take itfor granted.
And yet an understanding of heterosexuality is greatly informed
by discourses on sexuality/homo-
Bryson became part of
another controversy when she began teachingalesbian studies class
last fall. It was the first course of
its kind in Western Canada, and,
on top ofthe discomfort that some
may have felt with the course being taught at all, Bryson
had to sort out the problems of dealing with an
entirely new area of work
for UBC.
"Intellectually we
wanted to deconstruct
the intellectual concept
of lesbian identity. And
yet, in the class, we had
to create a space for lesbian identities just in
order to create one place
within the whole university, within -perhaps the
student's whole intellectual career, where she
would get to speak as a lesbian.
"And so, there were a lot of
contradictions in the class that
created very emotionally loaded
terrain for everyone to have to work
"We were still fightingthe tide
of years and years of particular
kinds of courses and the whole
topic of sexual orientation never
being mentioned, and creating dynamics in the classroom that people
were very unfamiliar with, and on
and on. And how much of that
work can you do meeting twice a
week for 13 weeks? So, maybe we
did as much as anybody can do
under those conditions."
Bryson said, however, she is
resolute that the course should
happen again.
"There was some amazing
work that was done in the class,
no one can deny that. Areas ofthe
work were enormously creative
and very insightful and dealt in
very sophisticated ways with
complex theoretical problems
raised by these
kind of questions."
But, Bryson
said, there are
others kinds of
courses that
might work better.
"We have talked
about how there
should be a
course on theory
and politics of
difference that
would bring together work being done on
these different
fronts of class
and race and
gender and
sexual orientation so that the
whole idea is
that everyone in
the class would
be both
complicit and
engaged in
some way.
would be involved directly and everybody
would stand to profit from talking
about the issues—and everybody
would have a stake in working
things out."
UBC as a conservative
While Bryson said she has
hopes the university environment
will improve for women, and for
all people who are systemically
oppressed, so far things have
changed very little.
"There's alot of change on the
surface, but a lot of those changes
work precisely in order to silence
anybody who has anything transformative—read subversive—to
say about these issues.
"...we had to create a space for
lesbian identities just in order to
create one place within the whole
university, within perhaps the
student's whole intellectual career,
where she would get to speak as
a lesbian."
"The institution seems to
want to do something, but specific
actions are always couched within
a structure so powerful that it
keeps right on going.
"And so you have pockets of
resistance and change but the actual machine is already in place
and it's very difficult to change
As an example, Bryson cited
the work being done at UBC to
address sexual harassment.
"You're only allowed to make
change insofar as you legitimate
the institution, and if you legitimate the institution, how can you
possibly be doing the radical thing
that you thought you were doing
"And so you get the situation
where, for example, it's impossible
for a group of women to lay a
charge of sexual harassment
against a group of men, because
the whole notion of sexual harassment gets reduced to -one perpetrator, one victim. And the whole
notion ofthe responsibility ofthe
workplace to reduce harassment
as it operates in a systemic way
isn't dealt with by the institution
at all. Why? Because to deal with
that level of harassment would
mean making massive kinds of
changes, and that's not what institutions are very good at doing.
"Afew new courses are added,
a little office, underfunded and
understaffed, is created someplace, but it doesn't actually, in
any kind of really serious way,
create greater opportunities for
people to exist and work in an
environment that allows people to
speak or to exist without oppression or harassment or violence, or
whatever oppression you want to
While Bryson said she has
some hope for the pockets of student activists who are challenging
the status quo, she remains sceptical.
"Students at UBC strike me
as, on the whole, quite conservative and preservationist.
"I think that very brief but
powerful kinds of events can bring
about quite massive change, and
there is obviously going to be
change. But I suppose Tm concerned by what I perceive to be a
kind of overwhelming apathy and
an overwhelming orderliness
within the university.
"For example the CUPE staff
are on the verge of striking over
pay equity and I havent heard
hardly anyone talking, either students or faculty, about what it is
that we're going to do. Nobody
seems particularly concerned, except for the administration, which
has been very careful to send us
letters saying, sort of, in the unfortunate event that you would
choose to not cross the picket lines,
be reminded ofthe fact that your
pay will be docked, and that sort of
The administration's attempt
to suppress any sort of political
action by faculty puts those who
  choose to do so at
risk. Bryson admitted that some of her
actions have
worked against her.
"Those seemingly small
things—a senior
colleague commenting at the
xerox machine
about how my work
seems to be, in his
words, all over the
like that undermines confidence and makes it
difficult to feel like what you're
doing is perceived as institutionally worthwhile.
"You'd have to be a fool to say
that there's no price to be paid for
being perceived as outspoken, obnoxious, and possibly not involved
in central intellectual and scholarly work."
With the rising conservatism
on campus—a backlash to a few
small steps forward—we should
be asking ourselves about academic freedom. And about the
continued existence of institutions
like universities.
What are we here for? And
what are we going to do about it?
March 6,1992 ■iiiii
Screenwriter and author Linda
Svendsen keeps on going
I think, in a way,
writing is a way
to solve the problem of not talking
to other people.
by Cheryl Niamath
SHE wanted to be an
anthropologist or an
archaeologist or an actress.
Then she thought she
would be an English prof.
But always, from the time
she was old enough to look
at books, Linda Svendsen
has loved stories, and, she
says, she ended up as a
writer because she found
so much joy in writing.
Not only has she found joy—
she has also found success. Linda
writes stories that can make you
forget to breathe.
stories have
appeared in,
among other
Henry Prize
Stories. Her
first book of
Marine Life,
will be in bookstores this summer, and her screen adaptation
of Margaret Laurence's The
Diviners is presently in production. She is also working on a
movie-of-the-week, loosely based
on the Yukon justice system,
which has the possibility of
becoming a TV series.
"I can be fairly quiet, not tell
people what Tm thinking—when
I was younger I was like that.
And I think, in a way, writing is
a way to solve the problem of not
talking to other people," she says.
Linda earned a BA in
English from UBC in 1977, and
an MFA from Columbia University in New York in 1980.
"I left here when I got my
BA, then I came back and took
the writing courses I was scared
to take as an undergrad. I loved
screen writing and loved short
fiction—I felt at home in it. And
when I went to New York, it was
with the idea of just seeing how
well I could do.
"I wasn't thinking about
making money. Really, when you
think about it, that was a really
economically unsound thing to
do. But I already had got a BA
and I thought I might as well just
keep going."
She kept going. After
Linda was
fellowships: the
at Stanford
in San
and then
at Radcliffe in Boston. Although
the fellowships allowed her the
chance to improve her craft, she
found it stressful moving to
three major cites in the States
within a couple of years. And
after she completed the second
fellowship, she found herself
doing clerical work and script
inalysis for a year.
There's always going to be rejections.
And then there's
always going to be
acceptances too...
it's very character
"There was a spell when I
was early in my marriage when I
was a temporary secretary at
TriStar Pictures and people
younger than me were saying 'go
xerox this' or 'phone up John G.
and invite him to a screening of
The Natural.' They were doing
things that were interesting. I
really felt in my heart, I
shouldn't be here, and why am I
here, and how did I get here?
"I was also reading scripts
for TriStar. I would look at
Witches of Eastwick, say, and
write a synopsis and a report on
it, and I'd read it in a night, get
it in and then go and answer the
phone and do Muppets Take
Manhattan captions. I was
working so hard during the day
  that I didn't
have time to
write. I didn't
know how I
was going to
pull myself
out. I was
'am I good
 enough?' And
then I was
saved by
another grant."
After 12 years of learning,
writing and teaching in the
States, Linda returned to
Vancouver. She says she received
a lot of support for her writing in
the States and in Canada (she is
a citizen of both countries). She
says, however, that compared to
Americans, Canadians can be a
little shy when it comes to
definitely is
a Canadian
crisis. I
think that
we have to
though, that
we're still a
country and we're a little self-
conscious at times. But we have
some wonderful artists...and I
think that as we move into two
thousand-whatever, well be less
shy about getting known. I also
think the country in general will
become more proud—there's a lot
to be proud about here."
Linda now teaches in the
at UBC.
want to be
either short
fiction or
I think you
learn so
much from
It's just like
an exchange—a way of being
energized. Students just give so
much back."
Linda's workshops are small
and supportive, but challenging.
"I don't think you can teach
somebody how to write, but you
can offer them shortcuts, and
show them how other people's
Before, I felt like
if I won something it was a
fluke. And now I
think I'm a
stories and scripts have worked.
"The main worry I have in
teaching is that I don't want to
remake people in my image. But
usually I don't. Usually
everyone's so tired of what I have
to say by the end of the year that
they go off and do their own
The hardest part about
being a creative artist, as anyone
who has ever taken a creative
writing course knows, is having
your work rejected. Even though
her stories and scripts have been
well-received, Linda still faces
lots of rejections.
"The thing I find everyone
has to remember is there's
always going to be rejections.
And then, there's always going to
be acceptances, too. You just
have to wait until that happens,
and in that spell of time, you can
look at what you're doing and see
why the work might have been
rejected at that point or say, no,
this is strong and I'm behind it.
"Ifs very character-building.
I mean, I used to get devastated
by rejections. And now I just go
Linda's stories are softly
powerful (or as she says, like a
slap with a caress). She likes
characters who are strong and
believable, who change somehow
or learn something about
themselves. Her story Stardust,
set in Nevada during the atom
bomb tests, is about a boy who
worships his father but slowly
realizes that his father doesn't
really care about him in a
review of
an anthology
that includes
several of
       appeared in
1982 in
Fiddlehead magazine, states,
"Linda Svendsen's stories are
remarkable. They are perfectly
controlled and crafted, they are
demonstrably unique, and they
push at the conventions of the
art. Her range is amazing—
especially in such a young writer.
"She can write from the
point of view of an Hispanic New
York 'adviser", or from the point
of view of a young woman from
Chicago who is meeting her lover
in Japan. In each case the
language used is that ofthe
character; in each case the
darkness which is explored is
first of all that of the characters'
lives...The stories end with
emotions in concluding chords."
Despite her great success,
Linda has only recently started
thinking of herself as a writer.
"Before, I felt like if I won
something it was a fluke. And
now I think Tm a writer.
"Ultimately, I want to write
a really, really, good thing. I
want to read more history, and I
want to be more politically
involved. I also see the value of
family, and being close to
family...rd just like to write
something really, really, really
good. And keep learning. That's
basically it."
Isobel and Dad talked all the way to town, and when we
pulled up in front of her boarding-house., she invited us in for
supper^ She didn't seem sick anymore. She was full of beans, in
my Opinion. Theroominghouse was Spanish, with a big fireplace,
and tall dark furniture, and white walls and posters of mad bulls
charging matadors. Two other divorcees-to-be also roomed there,
and Isobel introduced us to them. Susan was younger than
Isobel, maybe nineteen, and looked as if she'd been born crying.
Nina was the other. She asked us how we liked the bomb. She'd
been caught in the flash while doing her toe-touches and the
patio had shook. She also mentioned they'd felt the blast in Texas
because her husband had called from Dallas to see if she'd died
br anything. Dad and I stayed for pork chops and then overnight.
I asked if we should call Mum, but Dad seemed to think she'd
guess we were staying with Colonel Frazier, or at a motel, and
wouldn't worry.
From Stardust by Linda Svendsen, in 90 Best Canadian Stories,
Oberon Press, 1990.
Back in 1971 when I was in
grade eleven, the student council
sponsored a literary reading during lunch hour. I remember it was
a gorgeous sunny day towards the
end of semester, and the sort of
noon one would normally sit outside braiding a friend's hair,
chainsmoking, and listening to
Black Sabbath on the school lawn,
but a hundred of us, in a kind of
hushed wonder, filed into the dark
auditorium. We didn't know what
to expect. A writer? I suspect the
only live writers we'd seen were the
dapper gent on Front Page Challenge and perhaps we'd read Joan
Baez's autobiography and seen her
sing morosely on The Smothers
Brothers Comedy Hour. As we unwrapped our sandwiches, odours
of egg and tuna sitting in the air,
the council vice-president offered
an introduction in a shaky voice
and then the poet walkedout
and stood before us. She
was a woman. She
seemed very pleasant. She looked
like she could
have been a
friend of
iness person; I don't know what I
expected. I was moved by her words
and the soft, clear way she read
them. Sometimes she talked about
what had inspired the poem, or
how she had revised it, or the influence of another writer. When she
finished reading a selection, there
was a silence as brief and perfect as
the one before somebody makes an
important wish and blows out the
candles. At one point, she told us
she'd studied at the Department of
Creative Writingat UBC, andlfelt
a shiver. From where I sat, only
twenty miles west, there was a place
people learned to write.
Preface to Words We Call Home:
Celebrating Creative Writing at
UBC. UBC Press, 1990.
March 6,1992
Learn or
at a Canadian
or College
I 1
For free information write to
Council of Second Language Programs in Canada
Dept. F
151, Slater Street
Ottawa, Ontario, KIP 5N1
Fax: (902) 769-2930
i ffcul Ctfr, Shtron ftut,
It's not too late
to get involved.
Reasons to join a committee or
two of the Alma Mater Society:
• experience to add to your resume (but not to stuff it);
• incur the wrath of The Ubyssey;
• something to do on your lunch hour besides eat your lunch;
• increase your grade point average (not!);
• hobnob with members of Students' Council.
Applications for student-at-large positions on the following AMS
committees for 1992/93 are being accepted by the Administrative
Assistant in SUB 238 until 4:30 pm on Friday, March 13:
Budget Committee: aids the Director of Finance in preparing the budget
of the AMS;
Capital Projects Acquisition Committee: recommends capital projects
within the fund's mandate;
Code and Bylaws Committee*: recommends changes to the regulations
governing the AMS;
Committee for Student Equality and Unity: promotes awareness of
various types of discrimination and ways to discourage them;
Drug and Alcohol Awareness Committee (DRAAC): coordinates
DRAAC Week and the Student Server Training Program;
External Affairs Committee**: aids the Coordinator of External Affairs
in preparing submissions with respect to higher education issues to the
federal and/or provincial governments;
Facilities Advisory Committee: considers proposed changes to joint
AMS/UBC facility agreements such as the Aquatic Centre Agreement;
Frosh Retreat Committee: organizes the Frosh Retreat for September;
Programs Committee: responsible for providing students with concerts
and other special events;
Renovations Committee: recommends renovation, to SUB and the AMS
Whistler Cabin;
Student Leadership Conference Committee: organizes the Student
Leadership Conference for the fall; and
The Ubyssey Publications Committee: serves as a sounding board for
disputes with the paper.
Please refer any questions about the above committees to Carole
Forsythe, Vice President in SUB 248.
*   The personal favourite of the Vice President.
** Please refer any question to Marya McVicar, Coordinator of External
Affairs in SUB 250.
Athlete enters political arena
by Effie Pow
Betty Baxter, a member of the NDP Lesbian
and Gay Caucus, said her
sports background has
prepared her for any political pressure she may
Baxter, who
also is a co-owner
of a small business,
is running for a
NDP nomination
in Vancouver Centre for the next
federal election.
She played on
the 1976 Olympic
volleyball team; co-
organized Celebration '90, the
international lesbian and gay
games held in
Vancouver; and
has taught physical education.
"Working in
sports, I understand competition.
I understand the
pressure around
you have to be able
to respond quickly
and be open to new
ideas," she said. "I
understand how to
capitalize my
strengths and
minimize my
She chose the NDP for its poli -
cies and found human rights issues drew people like herself to the
"They [NDP] are the only
people who have said they are will-
ingtoinclude sexual orientationin
the human rights code and abolish
free trade. And they are against
the GST," she said.
"Fm very disillusioned with
the direction the [federal government] is going.
"For example, the [cancellation ofthe] co-op housing and court
challenges programmes," she said.
"FVee trade is costing us jobs [with]
money and companies going south.
As a small business person I know
Betty Baxter, NDP Lesbian and Gay Caucus
member, seeks Vancouver Centre nomination, kiku hawkes photo
how debilitating the GST is."
Political role models including Rosemary Brown, Pauline
Jewett, Dawn Black, and Margaret Mitchell also inspired her to
join the NDP in 1987.
The NDP Lesbian and Gay
Caucus is concerned with the protection of lesbians and gays under
the constitution, immigration
policies, employee benefits, and the
representation ofhomosexuality in
high school and university curricula.
"Everyone wants the new
[provincial] party to do everything
tomorrow. Tm confident as a member of the NDP that changes will
take place."
Recently the caucus met with
the education ministry about a curriculum review.
The caucus also
wants Kim
Campbell to live up
to promises she
made in 1985 to
include sexual orientation in the human rights code.
Baxter is partner in a small business called Learning Works, a training material production company
that produces
manuals and videos for businesses.
"I can talk about
the burdens of
small businesses
first hand."
The company is
working with St.
Paul's Hospital
and recently produced a manual
about how transition houses can be
completely accessible to physically
challenged women.
"I want to act as
an advocate and
use all the means
to badger for change," she said.
A date for the nominations
meeting has not been set and only
party members of Vancouver Centre are eligible to vote.
Baxter, who studied at
UBC and the University of
Alberta, will be speaking at
UBC's International Women's
Day rally on Friday, SUB South
Plaza at 12:30pm.
"Working in sports I understand competition....I understand
how to capitalize my strengths and minimize my weaknesses."
A safe place for lesbians, gays and friends Just off Commercial (1716 Charles)
Good morning sunshine
by Paula Wellings
After awakening from a somewhat restless sleep, I rapidly dressed,
grabbed books and papers for my
second presentation of the week, and
rushed out the door towards a bus I
was destined to miss. I desperately
sprinted a block and a half after the
passing bus until finally the bus
stopped. In the last moments before
absolute exhaustion I paid $1.35, got
a transfer, and fell into the nearest
As I settled down to read The
Best of Durkheim, I realized the 10-
UBC bus was now crammed with the
so-called intellectual hordes. Momentarily I relaxed and yawned in
appreciation of Durkheim. Yet another day was about to pass before
An expression of blissful contentment rested gently on my features, then began to mutate into a
mask of terror. A moist warm sensation shouted out from my crotch and
I knew this was not early morning
Oh no! This was the dreaded
blood of a cursed womanhood. I had
failed my early girl guide training to
"Be Prepared" and would now suffer
the bitter consequences!
The temptation to cry out like
the wicked witch of the west was
before me like a vision of salvation. I
reached for the call bell and rung it
as never before. With close-legged
haste I wobbled through the academic masses and out the door.
Burstinginto the 7-11 with the
purpose and conviction of an evangelical leader, I joyfully grabbed the
nearest box of feminine hygiene
products and turned to dash towards
the till.
The m a n a t the coun ter regarded
me with wonder and concern. I met
his gaze, then turned away. Miss
Manner's screamed, "Control yourself Paula! Breathe deeply and approach this man with complete indifference. We do not want him to know
you are menstruating. Pretend they
are for your non-hygienic sister!"
In a new and improved state of
self-control, I timidly approached the
counter, and casually presented the
floral box labelled "Stay Free." The
man pleasantly triple bagged the
micro-film and then requested not
only $6.50, but an additional $0.85 of
I smiled with the social grace of
Queen Victoria and hesitantly
showed him the seven dollars in my
pocket. The man smiled too and
carefully unwrapped the triple
bagged box. With a light step I
skipped out ofthe 7-11, now writh-
me on this day, for lo and behold the
bathroom was equi pped with a sanitary napkin dispensing machine.
Tears of happiness rushed to my
eyes as I plunged my quarter in to the
most blessed machine. Magically a
napkin appeared the size of a small
log. The quest was over.
Triumphant ecstasy resounded
in my heart as I strutted bowlegged
back to the bus stop. The Midol i n my
mouth, the jacket around my waist,
and the knowledge that my sanitation problem was under control, all
joined into the creation of a moment
of universal harmony. I know at that
very moment I was adjustingfantas-
tically to the male-dominated environment called Canada. Miss Manners, Queen Victoria, Nancy Reagan,
and I had embarked on a path of
wondrous sisterhood. I could now
continue my day, prepared to face
the world more beautifully.
Eurail Passes
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Going Your Way!
A moist sensation shouted out from my crotch
and I knew this was not early morning arousal.
insatiable. While she cried, "I'm
melting," the words that came to my
mind where "I'm leaking! I'm leaking!"
Fairy godmother of social mo-
rays, Miss Manners spoke loudly into
my horrified consciousness.
"Paula, my dear, you are practically hemorrhaging! Soon there will
be blood everywhere. Do you want
everyone to know you menstruate?
Don't be ridiculous! Do something!
Do something!"
In that moment a 7-11 appeared
ing from cramps, gushing with blood,
and no doubt late for my presentation.
A fortunate find lay across the
street in the form of a gas station.
Arriving at the station, the attendant asked what I wanted.
"Quick! The bathroom! Give me
the fucking key!" crossed my mind,
but working instead from the inspirational model of Nancy Reagan I
resisted and mildly requested the
key to the women's toilet.
Fate was certainly smiling on
Visiting Professorships
Distinguished Service Profesfor of Philosophy
At the pinnacle of his field, Dav id Gauthier enjoys an outstanding international reputation. His strongly interdisciplinary
research Ls an exciting interface between moral philosophy, economics, political and legal theoi-y, and formal sociology.
His profound book Moral by Agreement (1986) seeks moral foundations in what might otherwise seem a world of pure
egoists. Is it rational morally to constrain oneself?
THREE WALKS WITH A SOLITARY: Rediscovering Rousseau
Monday, March 9 - Part I
Tuesday, March 10 - Part II
Thursday, March 12 - Part UJ
Room 200, Henning Building, at 12:30 pm
Thursday, March 12
Room D 339, Buchanan Building, at 4:00 pm
Saturday, March 14 -The Vancouver Institute
Hall 2. Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, at 8:15 pm
March 6,1992
Although we have been
taught to ignore harassment,
other options are available to us
which may be more effective in
stopping the harassment.
Some strategies:
If you feel if s possible,
respond verbally immediately
(fuck off!, you are not respecting
me, that's not funny, no!).
Ask around, see if others are
experiencing the harassment too,
take action together.
Use a third person mediator.
Talk to a professor/another
professor who you trust to
support you.
Drop in on the women's
center (SUB 130) and ask for
Publicly confront the
harasser with a group; public
humiliation may reduce or stop
the harassment or make further
harassment less appealing.
Write an anonymous letter
to show that the harassers
actions have not gone unnoticed.
Pile a complaint with the
Sexual Harassment Office at
UBC (822-6353), or the Human
Rights Commission (off campus),
or your union.
Write about the harassment
in teacher evaluations.
Take a women's self defense
course to increase your options
for the future.
Phone WAVAW or Rape
Relief for other ideas and
support. Make the harasser
responsible: FIGHT BACK.
Safety on campus and residences
by Dianne Rudolf
Each woman took her turn
to explain why she was in the
room in the first place. I soon
found the same kind of words
echoed by too many others: I
don't feel safe walking alone at
night. I'm here so that I can feel
more safe about going where I
want, when I want, without
these dangers that limit my
We were in the room to learn
Wenlido, one of the programmes
offered at UBC that provides
self-defense training for women,
by women. This and other
programmes like it only exist
because violence against women
exists, something that is a
reality for all of us simply
because we are women.
The abuse is of a physical,
sexual, emotional and verbal
nature, and it is thriving at
compiled by Feeffie Paw
BC Coalition for Abortion Clinics
PO Box 66171 StnF
Vancouver, BC 669-6209
BC Immigrant & Visible Minority Women
3371B Kingsway 438-5993
Bisexual Support Group
PO Box 34172 Stn D, V6J 4N1
Downtown Eastside Women's Centre
44 E.Cordova 681-8480
New Dawn Recovery Home for Women
2759 E.Broadway 254-0576
-alcohol & drug use recovery, residence for women
Rape Crisis Centre - Women Against Violence
Against Women (WAVAW) 24hrs: 255-6344, office:
Rape Relief & Women's Shelter 872-8212
South Surrey/White Rock Women's Place
1-1349 Johnston Rd. White Rock, 536-9611
Society of Transition Houses BC-Yukon
315-119 WPender 669-6943
Vancouver Women's HTV-AIDS Support Network
302-1720 Grant 255-9858
-drop-in group meets twice a month
Vancouver Status of Women
301-1720 Grant 255-5511
Wenlido (Wimmin's Self-Defence Training) 679-
Women's Health Collective
302-1720 Grant 255-8284
Women's Centres
North Shore 984-6009
Port Coquitlam 941-6311
Phillipine Women's Centre
2964 E.41st 431-1891
Women's Counselling Services of Vancouver
1662 W.8th 738-4298
Women's Information & Safe House 681-9244
Women's Place Counselling Centre
825 Elveden Row, W.Vancouver 922-7930
Aquelarre Magazine
301-1720 Grant 251-6678
-magazine for Latin-American women
Ariel Books
1988 W.4th 733-3511
Book Mantel
1002 Commercial 253-1099
In Visible Colours Film & Video Society
Box 457, Vancouver, BC V6E 4L2
-dedicated to promoting works of women of colour
Josephine's Cappucino & Wimmin's Crafts
1716 Charles St 253-3182
c/o Vancouver Status of Women
302-1720 Grant V5L 2Y6 255-5499
Not Just Another Page Collective
-women of colour caucus at Kinesis
-meets every last Thurs. ofthe month
Press Gang Printers Ltd
603 Powell 253-1224
-feminist, worker-owned print shop
Sounds & Furies Wimmin's Productions 253-7189
Vancouver Women in Film & Video Society
300-1045 Howe 685-1152
Women's Bookstore
315 Cambie 684-0523
Women in View Festival
314 Powell 685-6684
Women in Focus Arts & Media Centre
857 Beatty 682-5848
Women's Work Screen Print & Design Studio
261 E.lst N.Van, 980-4235
Wyse Womyn, Wyld Womyn Concerts
La Quena, 1111 Commercial 253-1240
^monthly series of womyn musicians, song writers,
poets, speakers, performance artists
-meets every 3rd Fri. of the month
Asian Lesbians of Vancouver
PO Box 660106, Stn F
Vancouver, BC V5N 5L4
Gay and Lesbian Centre
2-1170 Bute
office: 684-5307,10am-6pm
switchboard: 684-6869, 7-10pm
-referrals, food bank, free legal advice, STD, HIV
testing, library, youth group
Lesbian and Gay Benefits Committee
Box 65893 Stn F,
Vancouver, BC V5N 5L3
-meets monthly
Vancouver Lesbian Connection
876 Commercial 254-8458
-support groups, workshops, events, resources, library
2nd Lesbian & Gay Rights Conference, Oct 9-11
321-1525 Robson V6G 1C3
-send ideas, proposals by March 15
Alliance of Women Against Racism Etc. Society
New West 525-0294
Surrey 207-13638 Grosvenor St. 584 6774
Port Coquitlam 941-0258
Mature Women's Network
411 Dunsmuir 681-3986
-for women 45-65, discussions, social events, referrala
Media Watch 703-610 Jervis 688-4412
Professional Native Women's Association
245 E.Broadway 873-1833
West Coast LEAF Association
301-207 Wilastings 684-8772
West Coast Women's Network
310-1070 W.Broadway 731-4998
Women's Resource Centre of UBC
1144 Robson 685-3934
Women's Research Centre
101-2245 W.Broadway 734-0485
AMS Women's Centre
SUB 130 822-2163
Dykes Unlimited
c/o AMS Women's Centre
Sexual Harassment Policy Office
Brock Hall 306 822-6353
Women Students' Office
Brock Hall 203 822-2415
Women's Studies & Gender Relations 822-9171
UBC. Margaretha Hoek, Sexual
Harassment Advisor at UBC,
explains that assault does
happen on many levels.
"There are not only overt
physical attacks on women, but
verbal attacks and put-downs as
well, and one leads into the
other. Our environment makes it
easy to treat women as sex
objects and treat them as having
no value.
"If women were treated as
equals and worthy of respect,
these kinds of actions would be
frowned upon—and if they did
happen, the whole community
would act to stop it instead of
just looking the other way," she
The RCMP for the Endowment Lands area quotes 35
reported cases of sexual assault
over the last five years. "We
don't know how many cases are
not reported," Hoek said.
For Vancouver proper,
Statistics Canada reported high
statistics: 1983 saw 337 sexual
assaults, 401 in 1987 and 391
the following year. These figures
do not include sexual assaults
with weapons or solely aggravated assaults.
In a university environment,
acquaintance and date rape are
far more common than assaults
from strangers. To deal with this
problem, an ad-hoc committee
was formed six months ago,
whose intent is to assess the
situation and implement services. Tanya Road, co-coordinator of the Acquaintance Sexual
Assault group, said, "There is a
need to disseminate information
on this issue, which is a major
campus issue."
The ASA committee is
comprised of many different
groups: Student Housing, the
RCMP, Women Students' Sffiice
and the AMS to name a few.
"The idea is to network information so that we can stay on top of
events on campus and provide
student representation and
concerns to the administration,"
Road said.
A major concern is that
women may be reluctant to take
any action regarding acquaintance and date rape because the
attacker is known. Routines can
be disrupted if the attacker lives
in the same residence, goes to
the same classes or attends the
same social functions.
Some women are hesitant to
file reports with the RCMP
because ofthe RCMPs procedure. A "victim" must give a
detailed report and undergo a
thorough medical examination, if
the assault occured within a
certain time period. Dealing with
strangers can diminish self-
worth, given the fact that we are
not given any choice in the
matter once the decision to make
a report has been made.
At UBC the concern with
safety on campus has prompted
services such as: the walk-home
programme, a general safety
committee, a UBC student
support line (formerly Speakeasy) and a sexual harassment
One UBC resident at
Fairview feels there is a definite
need for such services.
"I don't feel safe, especially
at night with many areas being
not very well-lit. The campus
seems almost deserted, an open
campus in the middle of nowhere, yet still part of a big city.
I remember hearing about a
woman who was raped outside
Vanier one year...that's really
worrying," Carolyn said.
Carolyn experienced a
threatening note similar to those
addressed to women at Cariboo
House last year. Prompted by the
Christmas decorations in her
window, the note was glued onto
her living room window. The
letter contained comments such
as Tuckin' artsie fags and
dykes" and "cocksuckers."
"It's harassment from other
residents, which is really scary. I
was upset, angry and mad, that
someone would—even in written
form—attack you and you don't
know who it's coming from or
why," Carolyn said.
Obviously things have not
changed since the threatening
letters last year at Cariboo
House. The existing programmes
at UBC are not enough.
Hoek said: "We need rules
and discipline as well as education to change attitudes and
feelings. Then lots of communication, to work together so that it's
not an imposition from the
outside. Then we can make some
March 6,1992 STRIKE ISSUE
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., March 6,1992
Vol 74 No 41II
Unions demand equity, living wage
by Graham Coleman
On Wednesday, March 4, the
two main unions representing
workers on the UBC campus officially served strike notice. Under
BC law, unions must wait 72 hours
before picket-lines can go up—that
time expires Saturday afternoon at
Both unions involved are
members of the Canadian Union
Public Employees (CUPE). CUPE
local 2950—which represents the
university's clerical, secretarial, library, clinical, and computer workers—has not been forced to take
collective action since the early 80s.
This week, seventy-nine per cent of
their members voted in favour of a
CUPE local 116, which represents the trades, food services, and
custodians, has never gone on strike.
On Wednesday they voted 75 per
cent in favour of strike action.
According to CUPE 2950, the
central issues in the dispute with the
university administration revolve
around w age increases and pay equity.
At the same time that the university has launched a new, multi-
million dollar building plan for the
campus, a union information pamphlet states, the administration has
offered their workers a wage settlement that would actually equate to a
net loss in real buying power.
Although Statistics Canada
figures state Vancouver's cost of
living increase for 1991 was 5.7 per
cent, the university is only offering
a 3.85 per cent wage increase in the
first year—equal to a 1.25 per cent
drop in real purchasing power.
Nor is this a recent phenomenon. According to Leslie Hodson
of CUPE 2950, from 1981-1990,
the cost of living in Vancouver increased by 73 per cent, while union
wages increased only 48 per cent
"During the last ten years we've
lost 25 per cent of our buying
power," she said.
Hodson also said the amount
offered by UBC is not even in line
with what other public workers in
"During the last ten years
we've lost 25 per cent of
our buying power."
-Leslie Hodson, member
of local 2950
similar jobs are receiving arouno
the province.
"We felt we should be paid the
going rate of increase. British Columbia Institute of Technology
(BCIT) clerical people who do the
same basic work as us, received 10
per cent over 22 months. Clerical
workers in the public sector are
receiving even higher settlements:
BC Hydro 11 per cent over two
years, Port Coquitlem 15.75 per cent
over three years," she said.
According to Hodson, the average annual wage in CUPE 2950 is
only $24,000, "not very much in
today's world. Yet the university
insists on chipping away at our already meagre income."
In addition, Hodson points to
what she considers a serious pay
equity gender bias in UBC's wage
settlements. Whereas 78 per cent of
people earning over $35,000 are
men, 75 per cent of those earning
under $35,000 are women. And, of
the 457 people earning over
$80,(X)0 92 per cent are men.
Clearly, Hodson said, a gender
imbalance already exists and the
university's wage settlements only
serve to exacerbate it. For instance,
while CUPE 2950 (95 per cent of
whom are women j is offered a 3.8
per cent increase, the already higher
paid management and professional
employees (78 per cent of w horn
are men) were offered up to a seven
percent increase.
"It's time for UBC to treat its
staff fairly," she said.
Frank Eastham, UBC associate vice-president of Human Relations, confirmed the wage and equity figures given by CUPE 2950.
He said he agrees union wages
have not kept pace with cost of
living increases over the last ten
years, but said the issue is more
UBC's wage settlements with
the unions operate under an entirely
different wage settlement grid than
do those with management and professional staff.
According to Eastham, the uni-
versitv has "offered the same general wage increase offer to all groups
on campus plus whatever grid of
merit movements are applicable
under our established and/or negotiated administration structure."
Under the current system,
Eastham said, management and
professional staff can start at as low
as 80 per cent of the job rate and
over time move up to a maximum of
120 per cent of job rate. This increase is done through regular wage
increases plus an optional merit
component of three per cent. On
a\eragc it takes five to ten years to
move from the starting rate to the
mid (100 per cent) rate, he said.
"I assure you, our people
(CUPE 2950) have an
equity case. The university is not denying that
they have an equity case."
-Frank Eastham, UBC
associate vice-president
of Human Relations.
The unions, on the other hand
have negotiated a system where the
start at 93.5 per cent of maximum
and usuallv move to 100 per cent
within two years, he said.
Unlike the management and
professionals, union workers can
not earn more than 100 per cent.
The administration has not built a
"merit component" into the unions
wage gradation system.
Pointing to the recent settlements at both BCIT and the BC
Government Employees Union
(BCGEU), Eastham said the reason
those workers received more substantial offers than UBC is currently
giving was that in both cases BC's
new NDP government agreed to a
1.5 per cent budgetary increase over
the next four years to cover gender
"1 assure you, our people
(CUPE 2950) have an equity case
The university is not denying thai
they have an equity case." Eastham
"We snnplv (the university
haven't got the ability to settle at
those levels."
According to Eastham. the cq
uity-pay problem at UBC is serious.
however he said it is not entirely the
university's fault.
'They certainly hav e a case for
(gender pay) catch-up. The cause of
it is an equity situation driven by
two factors. One. the fact that at
UBC —because of restricted funding—we arc off the market There is
a market catch-up to be made," h<
"Secondly, in our society then,
is a systemic undervaluing o* w or■►:.
performed by women."
To combat this double problem
Eastham saio thr administration ■■ :
currently negotiating with the union-
to develop a "joint, gendci -neutrai.
point-factor, job evaluation system '
In other words, according u
Eastham, the university is try ing to
jointly develop a ranking system
for women and men upon which
subsequent pav increases would be
At this moment negotiations to
avert the strike continue. STRIKE ISSUE
University students facing disruptions
by Martin Chester
Vancouver(CUP)—Despite the fact
that job action has recently been
taken at two post-secondary education institutions in BC, the BC
Federation of Labour is telling students not to worry about labour
disputes at their institutions.
In late January, BCIT was
closed by a two-week strike by
support workers and on Wednesday, March 4, UBC support workers voted in favour of strike action
beginning next week. In addition,
there are currently nine other bargaining units negotiating new contracts at eight other institutions
around the province involving more
than 20(X) workers.
BC Federation of Labour
director Dennis Blatchford said, "I
don't think there is a particular
pattern developing just because one
institution went out on strike."
Blatchford said the number
of outstanding disputes is not out of
the ordinary. "It is not an unusual
number. It just happens that 1992
will be a heavy year in the province
in the entire public sector."
Given that 95 per cent of
labour disputes end without job
action, Blatchford said students
should look at the resolution of the
strike at BCIT with some hope.
"I I might even be encouraging that one institution has seen a
job action, has seen classes disrupted
and has managed to find a settlement
satisfactory to the workers. Perhaps
that will serve to set the tone for the
other settlements," he said.
Jaimie McEvoy, the national
executive representative for BC in
the Canadian Federation of Students, agreed students should not be
panicked because of labour negotiations.
"Students are always concerned about any outstanding labour
disputes in post-secondary institutions," McEvoy said. He said students are generally poorly informed
about the state of negotiations and
information being released by either
side in the dispute tends to be for
strategic reasons rather than for
actual information.
"It would be irresponsible to
panic students every time there is a
negotiation on campus. It's up to
the student union to be informed
about what is going on," he said.
McEvoy said that while the
government should not directly be
involved in negotiations, they do
have a responsibility to set the climate for negotiations.
"We think the government
should make it easier for the parties
to come together," he said. This
could be done by improving funding, changing labour laws and encouraging less formal, less conflict-
ridden negotiation methods, he said.
"Usually government steps
in as a last resort and it is usually
"We'd like to see the provincial government take responsibility for the working conditions
people are working under and the
Artist forfeits SUB
showing for strike
by Sharon Lindores
Instead of art, the AMS Art
Gallery will have a notice of support
for the strike next week.
Tessa Lamb, a fourth-year Fine
Arts student has been planning for
her art show all year. Now Lamb is
looking for an alternative location
for her show and will have an opening in support of the strike, at her
home, on March 10.
"There won't be anything in
the art gallery except for a sign
explaining why my show won't be
taking place," Lamb said.
"I started to feci that if my art is
meant to be about humanity then it
would be very hypocritical to cross
picket lines of people, especially
women, that are being exploited by
the university, an institution which
we believe to be representative of
higher education. So I decided to
voice my protest through my art and
instead have an alternative showing
of my art at my home."
Every weekend this year Lamb,
a full-time student, has been painting or print making. She is now
painting a six-by-eight-foot cam as
about the strike which, weather permitting, will be on her law n for the
"The whole strike made me
aw are of the tenuousness of every
situation. Nothing is stable and institutions can only run w ith the work
of people that arc never publicly
"Political means is not the only
function art can have, but when
used in a subtle manner it can be
effective. Real art is not propa
ganda," she said.
Some of Lamb's art has been
influenced by the surrealist movement.
"The whole surrealist movement had to do with solving the
sickness in society through art which
was unusual and spontaneous and
that would jar peoples preconceptions about traditional beliefs. I think
what I'm doing now is within this
level of spontaneity."
Lamb works at theCurriculum
Lab in the Education Library and
identifies with her co-workers who
will be striking. She recognizes that
people's reactions to the strike will
depend on their individual beliefs,
but she hopes people w ill actively
support the strike. "Strikes arc
generally more effective if people
respect the lines," Lamb said.
"In the 1960's there was performance art and other ways of
raising peoples consciousness. I
think we've lost a lot of that. Our
generation is far too passive and
complacent. We need to put ourselves on line for our beliefs more.
"Before my decision about my
show I felt powerless. I think deep
down a lot of people feel like that.
But people shouldn't let the feeling
overwhelm them. They should realize that in a demix-racy every vote
does make a difference and not
crossing picket lines and not going
to class will have an effect."
Lamb's show, entitled Shapes
in Flight and Other Memories will
open in support of the strike on
March 10, from 7 lo 10pm. It will be
held at 4142 West 10th Ave.
learning conditions we as students
are learning under."
Blatchford agreed government should not be interfering in
the negotiations between unions and
the institutes.
"I don't think this govern
ment, or any government, should
stick their nose into these disputes.
I don't think government intervention in any dispute is necessarily
good," he said.
He said the institutes must be
responsible for the negotiations in
all these disputes. "I think, ultimately, that it is the responsibility
of the facility. They are the group
that has the responsibility to negotiate the collective agreement.
"Neither side should expect
any third party to intervene."
UBC's services to be affected
by Ted Young-lng
The planned upcoming strike
by locals 2950 and 116 of the Canadian Union of Public Employees
(CUPE) will drastically affect
campus operations.
CUPE is asking all students, as
well as unionized and non-unionized
staff at UBC not to cross picket
lines shouid a strike occur.
"We are expecting all unions to
respect our picket lines," said Vic
Wilson, president of CUPE 2950.
Campus Libraries
Librarians and library assistants
are represented by CUPE 2950. The
non-unionized staff is also being
asked to respect the strike. In the
event of a strike, UBC administration said the libraries w ill remain
open and will be staffed by administrators and staff who have chosen
to cross picket lines.
Yet, man> library staff doubt
that the service will be adequate;
they expect that most of the library
branches will remain closed during
the strike.
Teaching Assistants
CUPE 2278, which is currently
negotiating with the administration
and which represents teaching assistants and instructors, is asking its
members to respect picket lines.
They will be meeting again today at
1:30pm to discuss strategies.
Bus Service
An Independent Canadian
Transit Union spokesperson said
that transit dnv ers are "aware ol the
(strike| situation" and he expects
that they will respect the picket lines.
The ICTU spokesperson also said
that bus service to the university
will be discontinued for the duration of the strike.
The ICTU, which represents
BC Transit employees, will be
meeting with the BC Federation of
Labour Friday morning to decide
on strategy should a strike occur.
No indication was given by the
union as to whether bus sen ice to
the residences would continue
through a strike.
BC Transit officials had no
comment on potential disruptions
of sen ice to and from campus.
Programmes Admissions
Clerical and admissions staff
at both the Registrar's Office and
the Graduate Studies Office w ill be
striking should a strike be called.
Management will be expected to
take up !hc duties of striking employees. It is unclear w hcihcr apph
cations will continue to be orocessed
by management in the event of a
Deadlines for applications may
also be postponed in the ev ent of a
strike Students should contact the
individual department offices for
more information.
Freddy Wood play to carry on
by Raul Peschiera
The show will still go on.
Semper Fidelis, the latest play to be
put on at Frederic Wood Theatre,
will continue even through the
CUPE strike at UBC is imminent.
As a matter of course, all the
actors sent a personal letter to the
Department of Theatre stating
whether or not they believed the
play should carry on its run during
the strike. All but one elected to
participate in the production.
Actor Renee Iaci said, "A first-
year student will be put in place of
the person who will not be there.
This is the first time a first-year
student will be allowed to be part of
a production. Also, for the first time,
we're offering to refund pre-pur-
chased tickets to those who do not
want to cross the picket line."
Laara Sadiq, who plays Mary,
said, "It was a tough call for all of us
to make. What the stnke is about,
pay equity, I support as a woman
and as a human being. But 1 also feel
a responsibility to do this play.
'There are issues the strike is
dealing with and we had to make a
choice. I was pulled in two directions but for me personally, it was
important to go on with the show,"
she said.
The members of CUPE involved in the play, work mainly as
production staff and include set
construction, janitorial and costumes.
Sherry Milne, property supervisor, said, "We're caught in the
middle. I fully support the union
and what it's fighting for and if we
go on strike then I will strike, but I
still support the students. They have
worked very hard to get this play
Jay Henrickson, stage carpenter said, "All of the staff is in support of the students. The timing is
just awful. We're all in it together,
wishing it weren't happening now.
We will of course support the strike,
but we are upset that we have to
leave something that's equally important.
"A lot of the staff see their
work as a great part of their lives
and they feel loyalty toward their
jobs and the people they work with,"
he said.
Milne said, "It's the loyalty of
the staff that has kept the wages
The theatre is pnmarily funded
by box office sales and the strike
could lead to lost income. Most
production and cast members are
prepared for a low audience turnout because of the picket lines.
By continuing with the play,
Iaci said "We're asking audiences
to cross the picket lines."
"[But] we'll probably lose a lot
of our audience," she said. "The
money's already been spent on the
production and we could lose a lot
of our income. The department will
probably lose money."
Friday, March 6
SUB Ballroom
sponsored by the AMS
Students for Fair Treatment
Friday, March 6
(after Inti Women's Day Rally)
SUB 207
CUPE members vote 75 and 79 per cent in favour of strike action.
Student employees face choice
by Graham Cook
UBC students who also have jobs
on campis face a difficult decision if
CUPE workers go on strike. Many have
chosen not to go to classes, but only a
lew say they can altord to honour :hc
■-»*• picket lines when their pay is at stake.
"I'm in a conundrum" said Mark
Livesey, an English student and worker
at Tortellini's Restaurant.
"I won't cross for classes, I support
**a. «f.he strike, but you have to look at both
the ethics and the money. Not only that,
but Torts will be damn busy, since the
other food outlets will be shut down,"
Notice of
-strike given
«. by Carla Maftechuk
Two Canadian Union of Public
Employees (CUPE) locals voted
Wednesday in favour of a strike and
could take action as early as Saturday
"It is our intention to shut the uni-
■""■•"versity down, to bring operations to a
halt," said Ann Hutchinson, chair of the
CUPE 2950 contract committee. Members voted 75 per cent in favour of a
strike and along with CUPE 116, deliv-
-*- %red 72-hour strike notice at 1:00pm on
^ Wednesday, March 4.
CUPE 2950 members, more than
90 per cent of which are women, consist
of library, clerical, clinical, and secretarial workers.
■ ^ ^     CUPE 116, which includes techm-
~*   cians, custodians, parking and security,
***• food sen ices and trades employees, had
their last negotiation meeting with UBC
administration on Monday. Members
v oted 75 per cent in support ol" a strike.
Both locals have been ottered V85
m- percent total compensation for the I'irst
._ year of their contracts. They want an
increase at least in line with inflation,
which was 5.7 per cent for 1991.
The Industrial Relations Council
has appointed Vince Ready as "special
i enquirer." He began informal mediation
sessions on Thursday.
■•«**• A memo from the vice president of
academic's office said "[Mjembers of
the university community are free to
follow their conscience in deciding
whether or not they wish to cross picket
-> tones. Staff members' and students' decisions must be respected."
In the event of a strike, students
who choose not to cross picket lines
must inform the dean of their faculty by
telephone, letter, or in person.
AMS student council has not taken
a position on the labour dispute.
said Livesay.
"I really resent being put in the position of having to decide in the first place.
The administration should have settled
long ago." he said.
Maria Hudspith, who works at
SUBcetera/AMS Box Office, has decided
not to cross picket lines for school or
"I support the issues they're striking
for—if I was in the union I'd want people
to do the same," Hudspith said. She is the
only SUBcetera employee not crossing
the lines for work, as far as she knows.
"It's really frustrating to be the only
person not crossing. I've heard some coworkers talking about how strikers might
vandalize their cars if they show up. In
fact it's the other way around. During the
last strike in 1982 students were throwing
bags of urine and rotting vegetables at the
strikers," said Hudspith.
"I think students should try and
imagine what it would be like to support
a family on the wages that these workers
get," she said.
Another AMS employee, who spoke
on condition of anonymity, said she will
support the strike by not attending classes
but is concerned about paying the rent.
"I understand that the strike is about
livelihood. If I choose not to go to work,
though, my parents won't donate the
money that I'm losing. I'm fairly certain
I won't cross the line in the end, but it's a
difficult decision," she said.
Some rumours, and outright
threats, have circulated about penalties
its severe as firings for AVIS employees
who cross the line. AMS General
Manager Charles Redding said such
threats arc unfounded.
'There will be no penalty or retribution against any AMS employee
who chooses not to cross the picket
lines," said Redding. "If thev don't
cross, they don't cross."
Under BC labour law, it is illegal
to fire employees who refuse lo cross
union picket lines.
The university radio station, CITR
101.9, will stay on the air regardless of
the strike.
"Under our licence with the
CRTC, we have to stay on the air, so
we'll be acting as the students' voice
during the stnke," said Ian Gunn, CITR
news director.
"We'll be coming out with updates
throughout the day on the strike situation," Gunn said.
However, the news department
will be missing one reporter, Stefan
Ellis. Ellis said he would respect the
picket lines during the strike.
"For me, it's a question of conscience. However, I think for most
people who won't cross it'll be a
question of avoiding the inconvenience
rather than acting on conscience," said
Making the decision-to risk a strike or not
Strikes: the only
power of employees
Employees are all but powerless in our capitalist
world. Their lives are controlled by the daily grind of
work-place demands and finances. So, when it comes time
to do something about their position they are either apathetic or greedy.
The early unionists who fought to limit the working
day to eight hours were accused of being soft. The unions
who have fought for higher minimum wage regulations
have been accused of spoiling the workers and hurting the
economy. Each time a union demands wage increases on
behalf of the workers it represents, it is seen as greedy.
Each battle was and still is resisted by the elites of
society. In each battle the workers find themselves in a
weak position. But they do have one source of power—the
In our society work is considered a commodity, to
bought or sold like any other. Yet, there is one difference,
it is the only commodity which the employer needs which
is actually controlled by the worker. As such, it is the only
commodity which, when withheld, will hurt the employer—will pressure the employer.
The concept is simple when you kxik at any industry
that produces a product — a saw mill, for example.
A saw mill produces lumber which is then (or so the
model goes) sold at a profit for the owner of the mil). If the
workers in the mill stop working, there will be no lumber,
and no profit.
A strike, in this case, is an economic weapon—just as
boycotts, lockouts and demotions are economic weapons.
However, when applied to the service industry—
where not tangible product is produced by the work
involved—this concept is more complicated.
Take, for example, a certain post-secondary institute
in Point Grey.
The striking support workers do not produce a recognizable product which can then be sold at a profit for the
employer. AH they do is keep the system running so that
you, the student can continue to learn in relative comfort.
You see, it is the students at UBC who are the product
produced by our factory of higher-learning. It is the
students who bring in the tuition fees, the government
funding, and the money from industry. Money pumped in
to see students pumped out. An educational assembly-
In this situation it is the students who are the economic
pawns. They are used by the union and used by the
institution. And it is also the students—as graduates—
who are the product. Therefore, it is only by ensuring
classes are not taught, and that graduates are not produced,
that the support workers can force the hand of the institute.
It is an unfortunate reality that someone always has to
suffer. But without this strike action, it would be the
underpaid support workers who would do all the suffering—as they continue to fall further behind economically.
Admittedly the students will suffer in the short-term,
but if the unions give in to student outrage at their
interrupted study, then it is the support workers who will
continue to suffer in the long-term: from low wages, sexist
hiring practises, and poor working conditions.
So support our striking union workers. Don't attend
lectures, seminars, or examinations scheduled during the
strike. The choice is between your temporary discomfort
and the unionized workers constan discomfort.
The Ubyssey
Strike Issue
March 6, 1992
; Graham Cook
Graham Cameron
Ted Young-Ing
Sharon Lindores
Raul Peschiera
Martin Chester
Carla Maftechuk
Sam Green
Ela3ine Griffith
Paul Dayson
Paula Wellings
MARCH 6. 1992
The rights of
staff during
excerpted from the administration's inter-department
memo stating the university's official policy on the
General University Policy
-'The University respects the right of a faculty or staff
member or a student, as a matter of conscience, to
refuse to cross a picket line in a labour dispute."
-"As a matter of University policy, classes may not be
relocated to a non-picketed location."
-"It should be remembered that strikes arc legal and that
members ol" the University community are free to
follow their conscience in deciding whether or not they
wish to cross picket lines. Staff members' and students'
decisions must be respected."
-"AH duties shall be performed in the normal place
(relocation of a class or other duties to a non-picketed
location is not acceptable) and at the normal times.
Dean of
Please receive this letter as my
notice that as a matter of conscience I
will not be crossing the unions' picket
lines and, consequently, will not be
attending classes for the duration of the
I expect that in accordance with
the University of British Columbia's
policy regarding students and strike
actions, that my decision will be
respected, that 1 will not be held
responsible for material presented
during the strike, nor be reprimanded
by the university in any other manner.
Student #:.
students and
strike action
Policy Pertaining Specifically to Students
I Students who do not cross picket lines:
I )"Students who choose not to cross a picket line as a
matter of conscience must inform the Dean of the
Faculty in which they are registered in person, by
telephone or by letter, that they will not be attending
classes or writing examinations; otherwise it will be
assumed that they will be attending and writing. They
will be responsible for fulfilling course requirements
and, insofar as possible, they will be evaluated on the
basis of the work they are judged to be able to do under
the circumstances."
2)"A student who misses an essential component and/
or a scheduled examination as a result of refusing lo
cross a picket line as a matter of conscience may be
expected to attend a make-up session and/or to write an
examination scheduled in a supplementary examination period."
II Students unable to fulfill course requirements as
a result ofthe strike:
1) A student who, as a consequence of the strike, is
unable to fulfill course requirements, e.g. because the
strike has made it impossible to obtain necessary and
unique library materials, is responsible for informing
the instructor or, if the instructor is absent, the Head of
Department of the Dean of lhc Faculty.
2) Evaluation of student performance:
(a) Faculty will attempt to examine orothenvise evalute
students according lo the normal evaluation plan for
the course.
(b) If classes are not held, students will be evaluated on
the readings or other sources for which they could
reasonably be expected to be responsible, but will not
be evaluated on material which would have been available only in cancelled classes.
(c) For examination purposes, therefore, students MAY
be responsible for:
i) the required readings for the entire course,
ii) the materia] presented in classes (lectures, seminars,
laboratories, etc.) prior to the strike,
iii) the material presented in classes not affected by the
strike (should there be periods in which some parts of
the campus are struck and not others).
3) If examinations are cancelled:
If there were a minor disruption in the schedule, an
attempt would be made to modify the examination
schedule in order to hold all e,xminations close to their
scheduled time, and in that were impossible, an attempt
would be made to provide an evaluation without a final
In support of CUPE locals
currently taking action against
an unfair employer, the Ubyssey
collective will not be asking staff to
cross picket lines, therefore
The Ubyssey will
NOT be publishing
during the strike.
The Ubyssey office will re-open
and publication will resume
after picket lines come down.
CUPE Local 2950
To understand what's going to happen in the next few days-read
The University is forcing this strike on you. You are going to be
seriously inconvenienced. The University is going to be paralyzed! Why is this happening?
The 7 men who run this University
David W. Strangway
Daniel R. Birch
VP academic & Provost
William Webber
Associate VP Academic
Albert J. McClean
Associate VP Academic
K.D. Srvastava
VP Student & Academic Services
A. Bruce Gellatly
VP Administration & Finance
Robert C. Miller
VP Research
Salary (1990/91)
have decided to pit their lowest paid workers, the support staff,
the invisible people.the working poor, (mostly women), against
the students.
We are the clerks, secretaries, clinical, library and computer
workers who along with CUPE 16 (food service, garbage,
technicians,etc.) play an importam role in serving you at this
We don't want to strike and we don't want to inconvenience
We are mostly women (over 90%) and we average $24,000
a year salary.
These 7 men offered us a 3.85% increase this past year!
Inflation was at 5.7% (Jan '91-Jan '92). They offered the people
making over $35,000 a year (78% men-managers and faculty)
7% including merit increases.
They have been systematically widening the gap between us
and other workers, between men and women. Is this fair?
They are creating wage ghetto for women at UBC; w here we
make less for the same work than other people at otherUniversities
or in hospitals.
They are pouring millions into building construction, but
show only contempt for the people who staff them.
They have been doing all this because they thought we
wouldn't protest.
But we protest-79% of our local voted to strike. We simply
cannot accept the Universities unfair position.
Do you understand what that means for us, to strike on take
home pay of $ 1,400 per month and to be without a salary?
Do you understand our anger at being the working poor?
Understand that when the buses turn back, ad the traffic is
heavy and the food is from machines and when the library doesn't
work, that it is these 7 men and their contempt for us and really
their contempt for you that is to blame.
Direct your anger at them, not us.
Demand from the University that they show us some respect.
Demonstrate in front ofthe President's Office for our rights,
and finally listen to the radio in the morning for the latest
Vic Wilson
Ann Hutchinson
2nd Vice President,
Chair. Contract Committee
MARCH 6, 1992 MiMKiSSi!
Sexual politics of breast surgery: exploiting women
by Frances Foran
Pierre Blais stands next to a
table surrounded by women. The
table is covered in breasts: new
ones, small and resilient; old
ones which are stiff, worn and
stale looking. One is in ajar. It is
Jell-o green with brown crystals.
The most breast-like ofthe lot is
wrapped in a plastic baggie
labelled with a woman's name. It
is a phlegm-brown circle riddled
with wormholes that could pass
for broken blood vessels. Another
has liquified inside a tupperware
container and also bears a name.
"That's silicone soup,"
declares the doctor. Only a
microscope would recognize it as
a breast. Blais picks away the
remains ofthe polyure thane sac
and displays the synthesis of
human protein and plastic. "It's
alien tissue; proteins unlike
anything we find in living
The women look incredulous.
They just have to take his word
for it. "What's inside here was
never designed to come into
contact with human tissue."
Blais should know. He is the
former senior scientist at the
department of Health and
Welfare Canada (HWC). He
helped to develop silicone breast
The women who have come
to the I Know/Je Sais support
group for women wearing
silicone implants want some
answers from Blais. One at a
time they tell him the year of
their surgery and he points to
the model they are wearing and
estimates the amount of deterioration.
There is a 50 per cent
likelihood of rupture after seven
years; otherwise the plastic seeps
into the body slowly. Silicone is a
sclerotic, he explains. It produces
haywire cell growth and enters
the lymph nodes, causing
immune system breakdown.
Research connecting silicone to
various tissue and organ disorders and bone erosion dates back
30 years. It is becoming public
knowledge now—two million
women later.
, This is not a scene from
Margaret Atwood's new book. It
is the apotheosis of surgical
abuse that women have suffered
at the hands of surgeons and
Last month Dow Corning, a
major manufacturer of silicone
implants, released 20-year-old
documents confirming implants
caused medical problems. Ten
days later the US Food and
Drug Administration (FDA)
ended a moratorium of
implants but recom-
k mended they no longer
be used for cosmetic
purposes, which
account for an estimated 80 per
cent of implant use.
Two days after the FDA's
ruling, Benoit Bouchard's
ministry of health and welfare
declared a moratorium along the
same lines: in both countries, the
implants are available for
"necessary surgery such as
reconstruction after a
A total ban was not deemed
justified by either the FDA or
the Canadian panel who discussed the implant disaster two
weeks ago. Bryan Groulx of Dow
Corning Canada maintained that
no conclusive evidence links the
implants and medical problems.
The internal memos citing
women's implant complaints
"must be taken in context with
the science."
Women's experience was
considered invalid by the chair of
the Canadian panel as well.
Cordelia Baines, who is advising
Bouchard on the matter, suggested women who complain
about the implants are attention-seeking and only interested
in litigation. "You cannot base
decisions on anecdotal reports,"
she said.
Now Joy Langan, Mission-
Coquitlam MP and a prostheses
wearer herself, is lobbying for a
judicial inquiry as well as
independent scientific research
on silicone and an investigation
ofthe HWC.
When Linda Wilson, of I
Know/Je Sais was recommended
a preventative mastectomy seven
years ago, she felt "lucky" to be
offered the opportunity to live
free from cancer. Wilson had
fibrocystic disease and her doctor
suggested a mastectomy would
be beneficial as a prophylactic to
cancer: no breasts, no lumps, no
worries. She was not informed
about implants in any way and
did not know how many kinds
existed or what was being put
into her, she said. Her doctor
never advised her.
"I trusted him. Being
someone who trusted this
profession, I never thought^
a doctor would use
something not safety-
tested," Wilson said.
Three weeks
after surgery,
the foam-
covered implant called Meme
eroded through her skin and
caused a chronic infection which
survived nine operations. The
foam disintegrated and could not
be extracted. It is now known
that the by-products ofthe
polyurethane are toxic and
carcinogenic, and could induce
the very disease the mastectomy
was intended to prevent.
Although it had not been
registered by HWC, Wilson
discovered the Meme had been
used for four years at the time of
her surgery. HWC allegedly knew
Meme's manufacturer, Bristol
Myers, was a serious violator of
FDA hygiene standards. She '
tried totake the matter to the
courts to stop "mass experimentation" with and illegal distribution of the prostheses. According
to Wilson and Blais, who contacted her after she began her
investigations, HWC blocked a
court case that could have
publicized the medical abuse of
120,000 Canadian women.
In the United States, more
than 200,000 women carry the
Meme, the implant coated in
packing foam.
Pierre Blais, who was fired
from HWC in 1989, does not
refute Linda Wilson's comparison
of implant surgeons and mass
experimentation with the
"medical fascists" ofthe Second
World War.
"Experimentation on women
unfortunately has occurred quite
widely. Not justin the area of
prostheses but in many other
areas including drugs," he said.
According to Blais, he was
"shut up* by HWC when he tried
to stop this disaster he likens to
thalidomide use on pregnant
women in the '60s. In 198$ he
presented HWC with a report
noting problems with prostheses
were common and included arm
disabilities, toxic shock, tissue
diseases and unaesthetic results.
The report that called attention
to government regulated mass-
experimentation of cheap
devices, potentially got Blais
into trouble.
He would not comply with
the conditions of keeping his job,
which included publishing
articles in science journals
absolving foam-implants from
the health problems cited in the
biochemist's research. Blais said
he was eventually fired for "hot
approving this product they
wanted to keep cm the market."
Blais then gave his findings
to the PDA with "whom he now
works as a advisor on plastic
prostheses. Five years after
Blais's report to HWC, the FDA
enacted their moratorium and
Canada followed suit and
accepted the evidence they
formerly rejected.
As many women who are
concerned with medical abuse
have noted, women have been
the prime targets for the
expansion of medicine. The
medical model of disease directs
women's complaints to their
bodies and confines society's
diseases to detachable female
body parts, especially those
symbolizing reproduction, womb,
and breasts. Now deviance from
male-defined concepts of femininity is correctable with man-
made breasts.
Breasts that are objectified
empower men as creators and
doctors ofthe body parts.
Scientific objectification along
gender lines becomes sexual
objectification, and surgery
becomes an erotic act. Playboy
magazine even ran a pictorial of
Mariel Hemmingway and
■Jessica Hahn's implant surgeries.
Blais matter-of-factly
describes the power differential
in the doctor-patient relationship.
"It?s simply that you allow
that person to improve your
appearance as he sees fit and if
necessary, to take away your
health to achieve it."
Blais also suggests plastic
surgeons "who consider themselves extensions of God" are
infatuated with their power to
create breasts that outlast the
women who wear them.
"In the 1980s [silicone
implants] were promoted
as being better than the
natural breast on the
reasoning that you would
take a lifelong vacation
from cancer."
The underlying premise
is that breasts are
inherently diseased.
Toronto doctor Carolyn de
Marco recently told the
Canadian Press half of ali
hysterectomies performed in
this country are "clearly
In her book The Hidden
Malpractice (1977), Gena
Corea writes American doctors
contemplated universal
hysterectomies for all women
after a certain age to free them
from cancer worries. Mass
castration for prevention of
testicular cancer was not
The American Society of
Plastic and Reconstructive
Surgeons Inc—a lobby group
that may have helped prevent
government regulation of breast
implants in the US and
Canada—sent a memo to the
FDA in the early '80s stating,
"There is a substantial and
enlarging body of medical
information and opinion to the
effect that these deformities
[small breasts] are really a
Blais also says preemptive
mastectomies and the surgical
replacement of healthy breasts
has been widespread, as doctors
have sacrificed women's health
to badly made "official" breasts.
Blais showed one foam implant
similar to those he refused to
approve for HWC and; called it a
"joke," Put together §y a group of
high-school dropout charlatans,
it was made of found materials.
The sexual politics of breast
surgery and rape have more in
common than the abuse and
ritualized penetration of a
disempowered party. In both
cases authorities blame women
for being abused. Just as in rape
trials, where judges and pediatricians say "ahe wanted it," media
talk about female narcissism and
women's lust for large breasts,
and say "they wanted them." As
Linda Wilson says, "Of course
the plastic surgeons are saying
women want it, it gets them off
the hook!"
Blais attributes women's
unrealistic breast expectations,
disappointment with their
bodies, and multiple surgeries to
popular media images of
women's bodies. Standards
dictated by male culture prescribe the official breasts and
every woman has a right to buy
As Joy Langan said, women
who cosmetically use implants
have no choice when vital
information about health risks is
suppressed. Most women's
information sessions with the
doctors resemble her own: "I
walked into his office, woke up
and had an implant." Without
information to choose the risks,
there is no real choice.
Breast manufacturers Dow
Corning are using the leverage of
the legal system to transfer
responsibility ofthe implant
disaster to women. Fearing that
the 9,000 women who have
registered complaints about
implants will sue, Dow Corning
is offering the individual women
$600 plus a free pair of replacement breasts, which come with a
five-year warrantee, provided
that each woman waives her
right to sue.
At $3,500 an operation and
$180 for a pair, there is a huge
incentive for surgeons to have
suppressed research on silicone
for almost 30 years. Manufacturers were contracted to produce
the cheapest products at the
lowest prices. Despite the breast
implant business being a $450
million-dollar a year industry
and technology to make what
Blais called super-implants,
hospitals do not want to pay for
quality. Cheap manufacture and
sloppy craft make for multiple
hospitalizations and that is big
business. "It doesn't take much
for a prostheses patient to run
up a bill of $100,000," Blais says.
In the next few weeks, the
FDA will deliver a judgement on
what to do about the implants.
Blais believes the use of silicone
implants is history: the industry
is broke and the professionals
will stay away from it. Whatever
the FDA and. the HWC decide,
surgeons and manufacturers are
free to exploit women in the
name of health and beauty. As
Blais put it, "Plastic surgeons
will just have to look for another
means of validating their
careers. Perhaps liposuction will
prove to be a lucrative field."
March 6,1992
Lower p^el, S.U.B.
BCIT's Prosthetics and Orthotics Technology
program is designed for those who are interested
in a challenging and rewarding career in health
care assisting people with special needs.
Prosthetists and orthotists help people who have
become disabled, or who were born with
physical defects. The prosthetist designs,
constructs and fits artificial limbs while the
orthotist designs, constructs and fits orthopaedic
braces and supports. Both work closely with
doctors, physiotherapists and others in
rehabilitation medicine.
BCIT offers the only program of its kind in
Western Canada ... a two-year diploma program
combining lectures, labs and practical
experience in local health agencies. Starting
salaries can range from between $24,000 to
$29,000 per annum.
Prerequisites include English 12, Math 12 and
Physics 11 plus a good academic background,
manual dexterity, mechanical aptitude and a
caring attitude. To learn more, come to the
Information Session below:
Date:   Tuesday, March 24
Place: Boardroom, BCIT Administration Bldg.
Time:   6:30 pm - 8:30 pm
or Phone: 434-3304 or Fax: 433-1184
TSm It's that time W
-^J of year again
Have you found
a summer job?
The AMS has the following positions available:
Joblink Coordinator
- 2 full time positions from Monday, April 20* to Friday, August 21
- 1 full time position from Monday, April 20* to Friday, June 26
Summer Information Coordinator/Joblink Coordinator
- 1 full time position form Monday, April 20* to Friday, August 21
* Or as soon as your exams are over with.
High School Orientation/Frosh Week Coordinator
- 1 full time position
(Must be available for the first two weeks of school)
The wage is $9.54 per hour based on a 37'/z hour week.
Applications and R£sum£s will be accepted by
the Administrative Assistant in SUB Rm. 238
until 4:30 pm on Friday, March 13.
Please refer any questions about the above positions
to Carole Forsythe, Vice President in SUB 248.
This is an Indian woman, Poonam Ratore, in the north-western province of Rajasthan. tania trepanier photo
if In
I Contribute
the Liberation
of aLL vonen
and Jo  victorY
is  bor* even in
thft-Jarkfr-st Uours
Why We
Oppose Votes
For Men
Because nun's plate is in the army.
Because no retily manly man want]
to settle any question otherwise than by
lighting about it.
Because 1/ men should adopt peaceable
methods women will no longer look up
to them.
Because men will lose their charm il
they step out ol tneir natuial sphere and
interest themselves in other matters than
teats ol arms, unilorms and drums.
Because men are too emotional to vote.
Their conduct at baseball games and poln-
i:al conventions shows this, while their
innate tendency to appeal to lotce renders
tbem particularly unin tor the task ot
— Alice Due: Miller. 1915
"W^ '-#**>
u ■fidsXXyX'-^d/d': w
Aliot  Ehtcr   Mil!«"    the  Amtrxron   novriu!   o-\d   pott.
Itv*4   |rcn   J174   10   J 94 -
March 6,1992 mm
Got an idea       piTIS
mA     that will     m
^*^ benefit students?  ^*^
Want to get paid to
implement it?
The equivalent of two full time positions with the
Alma Mater Society are available for the summer.
Applications for job description proposals will be
accepted by the Administrative Assistant in SUB 238
until 4:30 on Friday, March 14.
The wage is $9.54 per hour based on a 37'A hour week.
Please refer any questions about the above positions
to Carole Forsythe, Vice President in SUB 248.
Why stay at a hostel when you can stay at a hotel for less?
-fr 6 share, 4 share, twins & doubles from $13-29/person
fr ensuite bathroom in every room    -fr private access
•fr quality low cost ski & bike rentals
■fr nightly band entertainment
fr kitchen facilities available
fr home of the famous "Boot Pub"
fr- Cable Vision
•fr pay telephone
•fr afforable restaurant
•fr free shuttle to and from lifts
March 5-8 Grammes Brothers   16-18 Harpdog Brown
9-11 Russel Jackson       18-22 Ngoma
12-14 Nigel Mack 23-25 Bluesman Willie and Yolanda
Reservations Recommended (604 932-3338
Josephine's Cappucino Bar and Wimmin's Crafts, sam green photo
10:00 am-4:00 pm
SUB Building, UBC
6138 SUB Boulevard
Kimble Glass
Becton Dickinson
Brinkmann Instruments
Baxter Diagnostics
- Cantab Division
Becfcman Instruments
C*1 Zeiss
Bio-pi as
Canberra Packard
Johns Scientific
Filter Scientific
Caledoo Laboratories
laii-nd Scientific
Bio-Rad Laboratories
CUII'-fan Waiter Cond it ion "ri|
Van an
Boehringer Manheim
Caitec Scientific
Bactv Simpson
James International Sales
CGA Coming
VWR Scientific
Ingram & Bel Scientific
Anachemia Science
Canadian Lite lechoola-fes
March 6,1992
THE UBYSSEY/15 Sunday March 15th, 1992 at 9:00 a.m. Forerunners and
Saucony shoes are proud to present the 6th Annual St.
Paddy's Day 8k Race and Walk at the UBC Sports
Centre. Proceeds from the event shall go to the Vancouver
General Hospital Foundation.
Come out and warm up for the Sun Run at this Irish
season-opener! For information on entry forms and
registration please call 732-4535.
Forerunners offers 10% off all regular priced merchandise
to all UBC students, staff and faculty.
* 'i
m mm -««■■• w
3504 West 4th Ave., Vancouver, B.C. 732-4535
Dead men don't whine
by E. Griffith
"I wish I were a woman because you can get laid so easily,"
whined a straight male friend of
mine not long ago.
Wow. These are enlightened
Never mind that when it comes
to heterosexual sex the woman
carries the burden of having to
make herself look attractive while
preserving the image of a "reputable" woman, or that she has all
the risk of violence and pregnancy.
A man doesn't have sex when he
doesn't want to; a woman ought to
have the same veto.
If you think broads have it
easy, think about how much you'd
like getting hit on by those same
men whose attention I am supposed to be grateful for. If you're
totally homophobic you won't be
interested in any of them, whereas
about two per cent ofthe men I see
I might find attractive. Unwanted
attention is uncomfortable and can
be scary.
But looking for sex isn't even
an issue if a person's safety, food
and shelter needs are not met. The
remark reminds me of a survey I
read about in an American history
course, where black people and
white people were asked what
black people wanted.
The respondents were to arrange a long list of issues in order
of importance. Black people chose
housing, employment and education first. Last on their list came
respect in social relations with
white people, and then better personal relations with whites.
White people arranged the list
in reverse order, saying they believed black people wanted personal relations first ("they want
our white women!") and then social relations ("they don't want to
be called BOY"). Tangible indicators of a good standard of living
white respondents placed last.
The first thing on anyone's list
is going to be providing for one's
basic needs. The fact is, many
women still don't have those needs
met. You've heard the figure over
and over: women make 67 centsfor
every dollar men make. Maybe it
will sink in.
Having been rich and poor, let
me tell you the best aphrodisiac in
the world is peace of mind, knowing that there's enough food for
tomorrow and I can 'pay the rent
without resorting to drastic measures.
People who say there's no
problem are as harmful as the
people who openly hate women.
The "don't worry, be happy, take a
valium" types are the massive
majority who cause the inertia that
keeps change from happening.
I MALE  ly
For grads
on the way up,
the Apple Macintosh PowerBook 100
is marked
way down.
Offer expires March 31, 1992
Ask your campus dealer about student pricing.
Power to go...far.
No matter where your new career takes you.
you can take along the power to be your best
with the Apple* Macintosh ™ PowerBook™ 100.
It's been called the best designed notebook
in the industry. It runs Macintosh software. It
runs MS-DOS* software** It has a backlit
supertwist display and 2MB of memory, plus a
big 20MB hard disk drive. Yet it weighs a mere
5.1 pounds, and fits in a briefcase or a knapsack.
Student Pricing.
Even better yet. until March 31, it's specially
priced to fit your pocket.
You'll see the Macintosh PowerBook 100
advertised to the general public for a low
$1,799.* But Authorized Apple Canada Campus
Dealers offer student pricing.
To find out how easily you as a student can
afford a new Macintosh PowerBook 100...
See your Apple Canada Campus Dealer today.
•Apple PowerBook 100. 2MB RAM. 20MB hard diskionfiguration. MSRP; dealers mav sell for less   ""Requires additional software and memory
© 1992 Apple Computer, inc Apple and the Apple logo die registered trade marks of Apple Computer, Ine Macintosh and PowerBook are trade marks of Apple Computer, Inc MMX)S is a registered irade mark of Microsoft Corp prcn. h kevlxrard configurations are available in limned suppk
March 6,1992 PERSPECTIVE
Multiple languages, multiple paradigms
by J.Y.T.
February—a time of rushed
essays, last-minute exam cramming and mandatory class attendance. My leisure time consists of
caffeine dosages at the Gallery or
crashing in the Conversation Pit.
Sometimes I'm drowning in this
system without memory ofthe other
aspects of my life. This is not good.
I am an English literature
major. I have studied many authors yet the selective range is a
problematic representation of what
constitutes English literature. The
wide selection of topics discussed
in lectures and the literature rarely
touches on racism and white supremacy.
It is due to a system of unspoken censorship that within the colonial scope of the English language, recognized writers are
mostly white and male.
I have lived and experienced
most pain in this constant state of
domination...of white supremacy.
Its influence can be felt everywhere,
whether it be in Canada, the US, or
in culturally colonized countries of
Asia, Africa, Central America etc.
How can such a pervasive state be
erased, overlooked as if it did not
Sometimes I say to myself:
"Well this is academia. It is not
life." But how can we separate our
lives from academia?
As a student of Asian descent,
I relate to my courses through my
experiences in and outside the
academia. I am educated by the
very system I am fighting against;
the system that is against me. This
system of white supremacy seeps
under my skin whether I am at
school, dining at a restaurant, or
sleeping at home.
I relate to the selection of authors in my English lit curriculum
as an outsider. Where are contemporary writers such as Joy Kogawa,
Sky Lee, Makeda Sil vera, Jeanette
Armstrong? Where are the writers
who documented the lives of the
Chinese railway workers, the
Japanese internment camp survivors, and people sailing across the
Pacific Ocean to this land (and I do
NOT mean Columbus). Censored
are the women, the poor, the les-
, bians and gays.
When you ignore the impact of
this system of white supremacy,
you, as an individual, perpetuate
it. By virtue of living under the
system, we perpetuate it or work
actively against it. Action is voice
but so is non-action. No matter
how much academia preaches objectivity and neutrality, these
things cannot exist until racism,
sexism, classism, heterosexism...all
Isms do not exist. And this creates
my dilemma.
How I can dismantle this sys-
k  tern when I am so deep in it, especially during busy times when I
don't have the energy to do anythi ng
else but study or get papers in. I
repeatedly need validation from
myself and my friends that I exist
and survive a system/curriculum
- that tries to erase me, my history,
my yellow face and my ancestors.
People of colour must attack
the system of white supremacy from
many angles; we must be as pervasive as the system we are fighting. I choose academia as my own
»  instrument and weapon in this war.
Recently a woman who gives
me strength and courage was in
Vancouver for Black History Month
(sponsoredby Black History Month
Committee, In Visible Colours, SFU
and UBC). She is an academic who
^ survives.
The woman, bell hooks, is a
survivor and successorinher many
strategies to dismantle the system
of white supremacy in the
academia, in the white feminist
movement, and ultimately in soci
ety. I have only begun to explore
the strategy ofhooks and the many
who have come before.
I attended hooks's public lectures as well as a woman-of-colour-
only lecture and appreciated the
diversity of her voice and the
gatherings. In English she speaks
to the soul while she writes to the
academic. By integrating the personal and emotional to traditional
forms of academic theory, bell
hooks engages us both emotionally
and intellectually.
Theory must exist in many
forms. The woman of colour
movement has introduced me to
this at a crucial time when I am
strengthening my voice and my
actions. Realizing that I use multiple languages in multiple paradigms in my life, I interplay
academia with my community, my
family, etc. With each group I use
the most effective languages, regardless of whether I am speaking
English or not. Recognizing this
provides the base on which I choose
my many different strategies and
Black History Month and
other events for people of colour
are usually the only opportunities
we get to access the vast scope of
authors; I must stress the necessity to push further.
I do not want to study writers
of colour in special sections designed to fufill an empty slate of
the multiculturalism ethic. We
must not be the margins. As hooks
suggests, we must enter this war
on white supremacy as the centre
and the subject. Black History
Month must not only be in February. The same holds true for any
liberal notions of including people
of colour in other aspects of life
(arts, business, etc.).
I want to be addressed, NOT
"included." I do not want to see
women of colour included into
women's studies .Feminist theory,
women of colour theory, must be
addressed not only in women's
studies, sociology, and anthropology butinenglish, science, history.
Those who are in the system (white
and non-white) must address the
instruments of violence used on
First Nations people, people of
colour, women, and children. To
do so means to hear us. We are the
centre. We exist. Face us.
/ cannot stay in the desert
where you will have me nor
will I be brought back in a cage
to grace your need for exotica.
I write these words at night
for I am still a night creature
but I will not keep a discrete dis
If you must fit me to your needs
I will die
and so will you.
feminist thinking black; Yearning:
Race, Gender and Cultural Politics; and Breaking Bread: Insurgent Black Intellectual Life (co-
authored with Cornel West). Her
books are published by South End
Press and available in Canada
through Between the Lines Press,
Scott Peck M.D.
Saturday, March 14,1992
9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Georgia Hotel
$99.00 (includes G.S.T.)
A unique in-person lecture and discussion
with the author ofthe best seller,
"The Road Less Travelled"
Tickets are available at Serenity Shop, 228 Lonsdale Ave, North Vancouver
or 33 W. Broadway, Vancouver or by phoning; (604) 768-0733
Mitsuye Yamada
-from Desert Run: Poems and
I chose to write this in a
manner that spoke about the most
important aspect of hooks' work—
the impact on her audience. She
renewed my spirit and my soul. I
find this energy to write because it
is my weapon of survival.
Contact Co-op Radio to hear
her lectures, 684-8494. In honour
and respect of bell hooks and what
she incites in me, and in honour of
all the women who have passed on
the legacy of resistance from generation to generation, I TALK
*bell hooks is a writer, professor,
and feminist theorist. Her books
include: Ain't I a Woman; Black
Women and Feminism; Feminist
Theory from Margin to
Center;Talking Back: thinking
*^^Tf**9 a^*"*a-fat"a"p ff|-^f-**9 *a^**"*t***^ a^°**--g**'a--i aj"**a+-"**"p -f^Jf*V ^^T**^F
will not be
in the
event of a
strike by
Locals 2950
and 116.
The AMS is now accepting applications for students
at large to sit on the University Athletic Council
(UAC). The UAC is the overall governing body for
athletic activities on campus (Intercollegiate
Athletics, Intramurals, Recreation UBC and
Community Sports) and advises the UBC Board of
Governors on policy and direction.
The UAC meets approximately once every two
months. Appointees will also sit on a subcommittee
which meets frequently.
The term of appointment is for one year from April 1,
1992 to March 31,1993.
Applications are available is SUB Room 238 and
must be handed in by 4:30 pm on Tuesday, March 10,
1992. For more information, please contact Martin
Ertl (SUB Room 256, Tel. 822-3972).
The University of British Columbia
From 6:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.
Report to the
room according to your surname: take photo ID with you
Aaa-Chao        ANGUS 104
Chap-Fit           ANGUS 110
Fla-Hor             BUCH A106
Hos-Kic            BUCH A104
Kid-McD          HEBB TH
Rooms open at appro
McE-Pat          HENN    200
Pau-Rob         HENN    202
Roc-Tam         MATH    100
Tan-Whi         CompSc 200
Who-Zzz       CompSc 201
:ation with you to the test,
is assigned by the registrar.
ximately 5:30 p.m.
ELIGIBILITY:     You must have credit for English 100 (or Equivalent), or be enrolled in English
100 or Arts One, 1991-92.
FEE STICKERS:   ($20.00 each) Required for all students. These are available from the Department
of Finance, 3rd Floor, Administration Building. Take UBC photo ID with you.
RESULTS: Posted in Faculty Offices in early May, 1992. (This Test is not marked until April.)
particular faculty information under English Composition Requirement.
OPENS IN JUNE for classes starting in September 1992.
** Rooms also listed at the end ofthe Final Examination Schedule
March 6,1992
THE UBYSSEY/17 the pain of poverty is a simple, singular thing
it makes me scream
"where does it hurt?" asks the
it hurts: here there everywhere somewhere anywhere
"when does it hurt?"'asks the
it hurts some time all the time one time in between time
"where does it hurt?" asks the
it hurts in my house it hurts at work it hurts when I lay
down at night in my bed it hurts at school it hurts in my
privacy it hurts when I laugh
so therapy is inscribed subscribed prescribed:
psycho physio neuro speech rehab
and someone else pays for it
and all I pay
is a scream.
by sam
Flying to the Island
has never been easier.
Or cheaper.
Right now, we'll fly you to Victoria
or Nanaimo for an impossibly low
$25. That's about what you'd pay to
drive over on ihe ferry but we'll gel
you there in a fraction of the time!
The .$25 one-way fare is
available on two morning flights to
Victoria and one to Nanaimo. And
you can return lorSX u>o. But
only till May ol. 1992 on selected
flights. Beyond that, the only
restriction is availability. So call
your travel agent or ;\ir Canada
right now.
An Air Canada Connector
The Four Pfs of Success:
Positive Attitude
Wednesday, March 11
Faculty Club
Doors open - 4:30 pm • Speaker - 5:00 pm
Members Free • Non-members $5
Presented by the UBC Entrepreneurship Association
Sponsored by Ernst & Young
Seen any squirrels lately?
No disease ridden vermin allowed here
Running in the "beautiful" grounds of UBC
among the pesticide controlled - blemish - free? plants
symbolic rebels - not controlled
Need control
Controlled environment
Pornographic posters on laboratory walls
say "We do not want you here"
Lecturer says "interesting observation"
"Pity it's outside the scope of this course"
"Not the accepted format"
Marks are given for "correct" answers
Student - enlightened? knowledgable? intelligent?
Aren't we really the most entangled
Every day we gorge on the propaganda
They say is apolitical, rational education
Critical thought is encouraged
Why then - whenever I challenge ideas
Express what I really believe
My lecturers - often my peers -
Do not understand
Do they want to understand?
My world doesn't fit into academese
How can I go on trying to get good marks for
Giving correct answers to all the equations
following every step in the book
When I know that they have missed out
the most important elements
you can't factor them in
They are not logical - They Are Real
Mc2 failed to include the future, feeling, children
death, life, my spiritual connections with my world
all massacred and ridiculed in a rational world
- So long as it fits into our system
And still it gets to me that I didn't even notice
The extermination/murder of the squirrels
didn't miss their strangely comforting presence
I live in a poisoned environment
It is hard for me to speak my truth
to risk the laughter, derision, violence
to risk not fitting
from those who do not want to know
do not dare to know
scared of experiencing the world as it really is
of having to live in the uncomfortable place
where the nice clean shiny theory clashes with reality
I have seen what happens to those who remain silent
but fail the requirements of the controlled environment
I don't want their fate
But what I don't understand
Is why you carry on in the prison of the controller
Many times acting as the prison guard...the exterminator
Instead it is easier to see through the lies/bars/poison
Why don't you come along too.
2    -*»
March 6,1992 •-■♦»
in this place of knowledge
i am conscious of the knowledge i bring with me
[taught by an old familiar teacher named poverty]:
no matter how hard i worked, i would not get everything done.
no matter how hard i worked, i would not have enough money to meet my families needs.
*" no matter how hard i worked, dissatisfaction
poverty was a patient teacher.
in this place of knowledge
I work hard and bring home A's.
I set them on the kitchen table and try to explain
what they are and what they mean—to my children.
I cannot find words in my knowledge to explain.
I cannot find trust in my experience to assure them
that the A's last past here.
But: my pleasure is obvious and catching:
we celebrate success: kindly clunk our glasses of Kool-Aid
we have the same purple moustache.
the kids are distracted and
play another game.
poverty taught me to count on [need] [depend upon]
kids being easily distracted
will soon forget this place. by sam
60   ©
iiti a vyhlte
i>y a
hued hypioprisy
never be frpd
cjhill UBC—
Strong male autocracy
j Libra, ;
Malrch 8,1992
How about
'.'trying to
*me for a
by Carol
To help you fill out
your income t.ax return
Extended hours
From February 24 to April 30, we offer an "after hours" phone
service from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m., Monday through Thursday.
You can also call T.I.P.S. Info-Tax, our automated phone service,
24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for recorded information on selected topics.
No-calculation returns
To make things easier, we've designed two simpler tax returns
that don't have any calculations.
These optional returns are great for people with straightforward
tax situations. If you're under 65, you can use the "Short."
If you're 65 or over, the "65 Plus" is for you. Whatever return
you use, you should fill out only one.
Make sure your return is not delayed
Lots of people fill out their tax return with great care, only to
miss details that can make all the difference. For example, if
your address is incomplete or incorrect, your refund could be
delayed or sent to the wrong place.
If you will be moving, write the new address on your return,
or if you don't know it yet, please call us to let us know as
soon as you can so we can update your file.
Another important detail is attaching all the slips and
receipts that support your claims for credits and
deductions. If any are missing, your return may
get held up while we contact you for the information.
We're making it easier.
Revenue Canada     Revenu Canada
Taxation Impot
March 6,1992
Chrysler starts you on your way!
$750 Cash Rebate
in addition to any other incentives
on selected offerst
Plymouth Laser
Sizzling looks and
hot performance
From $13,735**
Eagle Summit
A sporty Japanese-built sedan
From $10,870**
The fun-to-drive convertible
From $12,165**
Eagle Talon
Driving excitement from
an award-winner
From $16,205**
Plymouth Sundance/
Dodge Shadow
Sporty good looks at an
affordable price
From $9,995**
Plymouth Colt 200
A high-spirited car with stvle
From $9,380**
You've worked hard for your education. And now Chrysler wants to start you
on your way with incredible savings on your first new car or truck.
Whatever your taste, from the dynamic, affordable Colt to the adventurous
Jeep YJ to the sleek Eagle Talon, you'll save an additional $750 on any new 1992
Chrysler vehicle of your choice!
Make the best deal you can at any Dodge-Plymouth or Jeep/Eagle dealership,
then present the certificate below for an additional savings of $750!
And there's more good news. You can defer your payments for three
months on Chrysler Credit approved financed purchases on 48-month terms on
selected offers. You will pay the full amount, but Chrysler understands that
when you're first starting out, this deferral option gives you a little extra time to
start you on your way.f
It's that simple. And that affordable!
Visit your Dodge-Plymouth or Jeep/Eagle dealer today for a test-drive.
Experience the Chrysler difference for yourself.
Buy with Confidence
With Chrysler's Owner's Choice Protection Plan, you can choose between our
7-year/115,000-kilometre Powertrain Warranty combined with a 1-year/
20,000-kilometre bumper-to-bumper Basic Warranty, OR our 3-year/60,000-
kilometre bumper-to-bumper Basic Warranty. (For Imports and Laser/Talon
models only, the 3/60 Basic Warranty choice includes a 5-year/100,000-km
Powertrain Warranty.) It's your choice and there's no deductible! *
* Some restrictions apply. See dealer for details.
*'Manufacturer's suggested retail price base vehicle as at January i, 1992. Price is subject to change. Price excludes
freight, licence, tax and insurance. Dealer order may be necessary. Dealer may sell for less. Offer available until
December 31,1992. Vehicles may not he exactly as shown.
Chrysler Graduate Program
on the 1992 Chrysler vehicle of your choice
in addition to any other incentives
on selected offerst
Please complete:
Postal Code:
tlf you finance at regular rates for 48 months, you may choose to defer your first monthly payment for 90 days. You will pay the amount financed and interest for
the 48 month term over 45 months(45 equal monthly payments with a 3-month delay to first installment). Chrysler Credit Canada Ltd. approval required. Offer
applies to retail purchases for personal use only. Other Chrysler special reduced finance rate programs cannot be combined with this deferral offer. Purchase and
take delivery of any eligible vehicle no later than December 31,1992 from a participating dealer. See dealer for details.
Bring this certificate to the Dodge-Ply mouth or Jeep/Eagle dealer of your choice to
receive your cash rebate.
Ubyssey GR 1992
Ril qou
have fo do
is drive
Faludi lashes back
by Carla Maftechuk
[Feminism] asks that women
be free to define themselves—instead of having their identity defined for them, time and again, by
their culture and their men.
The fact that these are still
such incendiary notions should tell
us that American women have a
way to go before they enter the
promised land of equality.
—Susan Faludi, Backlash
Susan Faludi
Crown Publishers
In her 1991 book Backlash:
The Undeclared War Against
American Women, Susan Faludi
takes an in-depth look at the
work being done to subvert
women's rights fought for by
feminists in recent years.
Issues include intentionally
negative TV and film representations of single women without
children, discrimination against
working women, and the absurd
fashion industry. Faludi quotes a
French designer who was distressed that his frilly fashions
bombed: "What's the matter with
American women? They don't do
as they're told anymore. We tell
them how to dress but they just
don't listen."
One of the most interesting parts of the
study is the critique of dif-
fe re nt
ers on the harmful effects of feminism and women's place being in
the home. Aside from the problem
that these people do not practice
what they preach, their facts are
false. Faludi cannot be accused of
the same mistake: 81 entire pages
of her book are taken up by documentation.
Faludi writes in an easy-to-
read, non-academic style. Her book
is hard to put down and worth
even the price in hardcover.
Spring festival for
women of colour
by Effie Pow
Women of colour can enjoy a
free, two-day festival of theatre,
poetry, music, and dance on March
21 and 22.
Amrit Pannun has been organizing Tapestry with Jazmin
Miranda since October. Pannun
says the festival is especially for
women of colour "who don't usually participate in these so-called
political events."
The first day begins with a brunch
at noon and the
theatre of
^ fragments
h— -
Puente. Over the two days there
will be poetry readings by Gail
Tremblay, Chrystos, Janisse
Browning, and others. Performers include singers Penny Singh
and Michelle La Flamme, dancer
Ratna Roy, Reijingu Horumonzu,
and Entre Mujeres. The video
Brown Women, Blonde Babies
will be screened and there will an
open mike available for audience
participation duringthe weekend.
Tapestry will be at two locations: March 21 at the Aboriginal
Friendship Centre (1607
E.Hastings), noon to midnight,
and March 22 at the Sunset Community Centre (404 East 51st),
Free daycare will be provided.
Call 255-6554 in advance for
daycare arrangements or programming details.
"The earth is blue like an orange."
— Naked Spaces
by Ellen Pond
Naked Spaces portrays Trinh
Minh-Ha's fragmentary visions of
African villages: places and peoples
and sayings. In an
(un)anthropological film, she explores sight and sound, often
Naked Spaces: Living is Round
Pacific Cinematheque
February 23
Visually, Trinh presents villages in several states (Burkina
Faso, Togo, Mali...), where she
captures in intricate detail the
construction of the houses, the
roundness of calabashes, the
decoration and ornamentation of
the architecture, the work of
women, and the dancing. Sounds
corresponding to the images stop
and start—interspersed with si
lence and voice-overs of three
women reciting sayings and sentences.
The effect is fragmentary. The
voice-overs challenge notions of
authority: who is speaking, to
whom, and why? How does the
speaking relate to the visual
spaces? Though some sentences
recur for different villages, Tnnh
presents obvious differences
(through the houses) and the
problems with imposing uniform
analyses onto these differences.
Anthropological productions/'
textsoften presume to encapsulate
a culture; Trinh makes this impossible. She does not follow the
anthropological project of creating
an Other, making this Other accessible, and defining the totality
ofthe Other. For the first ten minutes at least, Trinh's film confused
my preconceptions of documentary,
of anthropology, of place. Then, I
accepted I would see/hear bits and
pieces, that Trinh is not making
the definitive statement. She points
to the control she has/not by
crossing out "directed by" in the
Occasionally, Naked Spaces
verges on presenting the "exotic"
dancing/song of a generic African
village; then, the voice-overs discuss the tourists who want an African Florida. And I wonder what
gaze I, a white Canadian womyn,
am colluding in: how do I relate to
this material?
Constructions about Africa—
the notion of'a unitary continent so
prevalent in Western thinking—
cannot be sustained. The film does
not fit a linear, "factual" framework. Instead, Naked Spaces challenges concepts ofknowledge. Both
the cinematography that often focuses on bits of things (a hand, half
a bowl, a doorway) and the
soundplay present partial
The film cannot be neatly
summarized as "it was about...."
The film itself is round, beginning
and ending with the same dancers,
the same sounds: "I can only see it
in fragmentary form."
yC J 'Dream
\S On. Chrystos,
r (Press Gang Pub.
Vancouver, B.C.)
•Telling It: Women and
Language Across Cultures
(Press Gang Pub. Vancouver, B.C.)
•Awakening-Asian  Canadian
Women (Issue 30 of Fireweed, a
feminist quarterly, Toronto, Ont.)
•Ankur (a newsmagazine published by the South Asian community of Vancouver)
•Tiger Lily (a journal by women of
colour, Toronto, Ont.)
•Sister Outsider, Audre Lorde.
(The Crossing Press/Freedom,
Calif. USA)
•Making Face, Making Soul. Hacienda Caras: Critical Perspectives
by Women of Colour, edited by
Gloria Anzaldua. (Aunt Lute
Foundation Books, San Francisco,
• Sojourner's Truth and Other Stories. Lee Maracle. (Press Gang,
Vancouver B.C.)
•I am Woman (Write-On Press
Pub. N. Van. B.C.)
•A Burst of Light. Audre Lorde
(Firebrand Bks. Ithaca, N.Y.)
•Piece of My
Heart. Mikeda
Silvera. (Sister Vision Press)
•Food and Spirits.  Beth
Brant. (Press Gang)
•This Bridge Called My Back.
(Kitchen Table, Women of Colour
Press, N.Y.)
•Mohawk Trail. Beth Brant. (The
Women's Press, Toronto, Ont.)
Other writers to look up:
•Mitsuye Yajnada - poet, writer,
founder of Multicultural Women
Writers of Orange County.
Campnotes and other Poems;
Desert Run: Poems and Stories.
•Joy Kogawa- award winning Canadian author - Obasan; Women
in the Woods.
•Sky Lee -award winning
Canadian author and UBC
graduate - Dissapearing Across
Cultures (co-editor)
•Makeda Silvera - co-founder of
Sister Vision: Black women and
Women of Colour Press. Toronto,
Ont. Also author of many titles
and anthologies. - Growing up
Black: Piece of My Heart: A Lesbian of Colour Anthology.
•Jeanette Armstrong- currently
director and co-founder of
En'owlain International School of
Writing in Penticton.
- Slash and children's books -
Enwhisteekwa and Neekna and
March 6,1992
THE UBYSSEY/21 Upcoming Films:
Friday - Sunday (Mar6-8)
7:00 TYnly, Madly, Deeply
9:30 TVust
$3.00 per
Wednesday - Thursday (Mar 11 - 12 )
7:00   Mystery Train $2.50 per
9:30   Roadkill
& $2.00 Membership fee
Next Week: Little Man Tate & Black Robe
All Screenings are in the SUB Theatre
Call 822-3697 for more info
Progressive Zionist Caucus
and Hillel House present:
"^KorafDikmmas of Jsraefi Softiers"
with Dr. Ruth Linn
Thursday, March 12th al 12:30 PM
Modern Hebrew Classes
AcvancedcrWed^escaysa*. 1 2:3Cp ~
Beginner crThursdays at 1230 pm
'J{$<>C$ famous
'Mat JOtmch
12:30 -1:30 TM
Torah Study
Wednesday 12:30 p.m. |
Wed. Mar 11th, 5:00 pm
2Jj|To all future
^r  bank-loan
Applications are now being accepted for the position of:
AMS Emergency Student Loan
Questions may be directed to Caireen Hanert,
Director of Administration, SUB 254, 822-3961.
Please return your application to the Administrative
Assistant in SUB 238 by 4:30 on Friday, March 13.
The External Affairs Committee is looking for submissions from
students who have encountered difficulties with the BC and
federal student assistance programs.
Submissions should be made in writing to External Affairs
Committee, c/o Marya McVicar, in SUB 250. All cases will
remain confidential, however, we would like to be able to contact
you if we have any questions about your situation.
All submissions will be compiled and sent to the Minister of
Advanced Education without names or identifying characteristics.
This is to ass ist the M inistry in reforming the BC student assistance
Deadline for submissions is Friday, April 3,1992
by 4:00 pm.
Submissions will be accepted by the
Executive Secretary in SUB 238.
Beauty myth: beauty trap
by Jana Dionne
IN 1963 Betty Friedan wrote
the Feminine Mystique and
addressed the ''problem that has
no name." Women were being
imprisoned in their homes as
society glorified "the good wife
and mother" as the highest
accomplishment a woman could
achieve. Feminism managed to
topple this oppressive brainwashing in the '60s.
The feminine mystique,
however, did not disappear
completely. It shrank, lay low,
then grew into a new form,
adapting to women's new-found
freedom. This ugly new mutation
ofthe feminine mystique sought
to make some women's bodies
the prisons their homes no
longer were.
The beauty myth is the
name ofthe device and the
subject of Naomi Wolfs book.
The Beauty Myth
Naomi Wolf
Wolf addresses enslavement
to ideals of beauty that teach us
we never look good enough. She
describes the emphasis on
attaining perfection as "a secret
'underlife' poisoning our freedom;
infused with notions of beauty, it
is a dark vein of self-hatred,
physical obsessions, terror of
aging, and dread of lost control."
Wolf exposes the physical
ideal women are constantly
bombarded with by advertisers.
It echoes back to what Friedan
observed in the late '50s: "There
was a strange discrepancy
between the reality of our lives
as women and the image to
which we were trying to conform."
It's true. Television commercials and magazine ads do not
represent female reality. There
are simply beautiful, thin,
flawless women who constitute
about ten per cent of the female
Why is the fashion model the
only model ofthe feminine a
woman is given? Wolf writes
"women are kept mere beauties
in men's culture so that culture
can be kept male." By reducing
women to merely faces and
bodies, the power structure need
not feel threatened by women's
spirit, intelligence, and skill.
Wolf cites numerous court
cases in which sexual harassment was dismissed on the
grounds that a woman was
dressed provocatively and
therefore invited harassment.
She also mentions examples of
women being fired if they were
not dressing "feminine" enough,
or if they were "too fat" or not
wearing enough makeup. With
beauty at the forefront of our
lives, women are trapped in a no-
win situation.
Our society's heavy emphasis on beauty and thinness is not
simply the fashion ofthe times.
Wolf writes about the dramatic
rise in the number of eating
disorders, cosmetic surgeries,
and diet-related magazine
articles over the past 30 years as
women continue to gain freedom.
The preoccupation with
beauty replaced the preoccupation of obtaining a spotless
household. Wolf relates how
dieting and the pursuit of
physical perfection "reimposed
onto liberated women's faces and
bodies all the limitations, taboos,
and punishments ofthe repressive laws, religious injunctions,
and reproductive enslavement
that no longer carried sufficient
Seen in this light, the beauty
myth is really not about beauty,
but about power. Diet, cosmetics,
cosmetic surgery, and pornography industries keep some women
insecure and preoccupied. With
beauty as a woman's obsessive
concern, she will be less likely to
realize and speak out against the
fact that a women still makes
roughly 60 cents to every male
As long as little girls grow
up in a society that teaches that
beauty is the greatest accomplishment a woman can achieve^
as women they will have tittle
energy or care about changing a      •—«
structure that objectifies women.
It seems that few women *'"'
escape the beauty myth. Wolf
has found it is a current trend in
North America for some university graduating daughters to get
breast implant surgery as a gift,     ^|
while sons get the traditional
tour of Europe. "Women are ***■
having breast surgery,
liposuction, rhinoplasty, not only
as rewards for attaining power—
doctorates, inheritances, bar
mitzvahs—they are also having
these things, and being asked to
have them, as antidotes for -«
having attained this power.
"The worldview taught
young women is male," Wolf
writes. She sees the only role
models some young women have
are the ones in ads: "girls of their   "
own age or younger, who are not      Wi
respected for their minds." A
woman's role model sometimes
becomes the one which is readily
available: the woman on the
cover ofthe magazine—eternally
young, thin, and perfect. * ~*
At the close of her book, Wolf
calls for a feminist third wave.
She realizes, under the beauty
myth, some women are pitted
against each other in beauty
competition. We are frequently
wary of one another and have w.4
been taught to beware of The Other A
Woman, who may be thinner and   "^
better-looking. Wolf sees such
programming as a clever and
effective way to divide women
from one another.
"We can engage with the .. I—
Other Woman—catch her eye,
give her a lift when she is •* -1
hitchhiking, open the door when
she is struggling...what if we
meet one another's eyes woman
to woman; what if we smile."
Women must stop apologizing for their appearances and to
stop blaming themselves, Wolf       < ^
writes. We need to wear and eat
what we want, be sexual, grow •*•
old. We need to see the myth for
what it is and refuse to inflict
pain upon ourselves, both
psychological and physical, for
the sake of beauty.
The Beauty Myth is vital "**
reading for every woman. Naomi   . 4*
Wolf does not hold back; her
precise and sometimes biting
style blows the cover off this
mass hypnosis that is the beauty
myth. Her book comes highly
recommended, as an educational   * *-'
tool and as relieving evidence
that we, as women, are not alone
in living under this mass
/       ",   '     j
•• i
-WMw: * .%
4*  "- .
dd:   -?■*
Vi   f/f.tft&&jf       V-W  Sa*"»
22/THfc DBYSSfcY
k Racism obstructs
- feminist revolution
by Ellen Pond
White feminism often
supports white supremacy. As
white womyn, we are implicated
in the perpetuation of a racist
power system in Canada where
white folks systematically have
more power than people of colour
and First Nations people.
The power imbalance is
institutionalized. White feminism that does not deal with
white supremacy weakens itself:
our racism prevents coalition
work among feminists. The
potential richness of our lives, in
connecting with other womyn, is
Racism is not just the
KKK. Racism is asking people of
colour where they are from
because we white folks assume
that Canadians must be white.
Racism is saying "womyn" got
the vote in Canada in the early
20th century when it was only
white womyn in English Canada
who got the vote; womyn of
colour, First Nations womyn, and
white Quebecoises got the vote
much later. As white womyn, we
have all learned racism in this
society and we have white skin
Underlying much of our
racism as white womyn is a
belief in the superiority of our
culture and/or social structures
over everyone else's. We presume
we are liberated and others have
to "catch up" to us—become like
us. This is assimilative and
racist and denies the work First
Nations womyn, womyn of
colour, Jewish womyn, and Third
World womyn have done, and are
doing, to fight oppression and
exploitation. Also, putting
ourselves "above" womyn of
colour denies the very real
oppression we face as white
straight womyn, bisexuals, and
lesbians in the face of Euro-
American patriarchy.
Defensiveness, denial.
When questioned about our
racism, we often react with
denial: "I'm not racist!" We may
also say we are being silenced.
By not analyzing how we act in
racist ways, such reactions
perpetuate white supremacy.
Working against our
personal racism is a life-long
process. I as a white womyn need
to acknowledge my white
privilege, to examine the ways in
which systemic racism benefits
me in terms of power. I also need
to assess what I have learned (or
not learned) about people of
colour. For example, if I accept
the (prevailing) anti-Islamic
stance that all Islamic womyn
are severely oppressed by
Islam—and want to be—then I
cannot engage in coalition work
with Islamic feminists.
Guilt. An emotion I have
felt but essentially paralyses me:
it is self-wallowing and stops me
from working further. I am
racist, I will do racist things.
Twenty-two years of learning
racism cannot be unlearned in a
lifetime, but I will continually
attempt anti-racist strategies.
And I will fuck up. Feeling guilty
won't help me.
Assimilation and difference. Liberally thinking, we
should all get along, and the best
thing we can do for folks unlike
ourselves is to make them as
much like us as possible. NOT.
In a system where white folks
systematically have more power
(through institutions such as the
state, media, education, language), negating difference,
especially of peoples who are
fighting for the right to collective, cultural survival, serves to
assimilate folks into whiteness.
Difference has been constructed
as negative in our society, but
difference can be powerful and
positive. As white womyn, we
need to unlearn our impulse to
make everyone like ourselves,
and learn to work across differences.
Issues. Racism presents
itself in the issues that we as
white womyn choose to work on,
how we define issues, and what
generalizations we make. I need
to look at whether or not the
issue I am dealing with is
specific to white womyn; if it is, I
have to make that clear. For
example, looking at women's
labour history in BC might
actually mean that I am reading
about white womyn's labour
organizing. The racism of early
20th century unions had serious
impact on the forms of unionizing; this must be incorporated
into my analysis.
Cultural appropriation.
Many of us white folks are
involved in this, especially right
now in the appropriation of First
Nations' spiritual practices.
Besides being our own updated
version the "Noble Savage"
belief, which sees First Nations
womyn only in terms of what can
be offered to white folks' (supposedly lacking) spirituality dimin
ishes the real issues that we
must deal with, such as the land
question (what the Canadian
government calls "land claims").
We have to deal with 500 years
of colonization, and work,
through negotiations, to stop the
(attempted) genocidal process of
First Nations people now.
As white womyn, our
responses and feminist strategies
are cultural; it is only white
supremacy enabling us to "see"
the cultures of others and not
our own, because ours has been
made normal, or invisible. As
white womyn, we have the
privilege of not dealing with
"race." But we are as much
constructed by race as womyn of
colour, and analysis of ourselves
and strategies for liberation will
work only when we take on the
subject of our race.
Work. As a white womyn, I
need to work with myself and
other white folks on our shared
racism. White supremacy is one
ofthe systems of power in our
society (along with heterosexism,
patriarchy and capitalism) that
needs to be identified, analyzed,
and acted against by white
Pitfalls. Racism is our
problem as white folks: explaining racism is not the responsibility of people of colour. We can
read books and talk about our
racism with other white folks;
some people of colour might
choose to talk about racism with
us. We can work to understand
racism as a system of oppression
perpetuated by whites against
people of colour and First
Nations peoples, but we cannot
understand what it is like to feel
the effects of racism: we do not
have, and cannot have, the
experiences of people of colour or
First Nations' people. To suggest
we understand racism better
than those who experience it
daily is patronizing and racist.
Once we as white feminists
have begun to recognize our
racism, and how issues we work
on are related to race and
gender, as well as class and
sexuality, we can s'tart to disrupt
the power obtained through
white supremacy. As white
feminists, our non-
acknowledgement of our racism
is weakening the womyn's
movements; only through
working on these issues will a
movement that represents
womyn be created.
Applications for space in the SUB Art Gallery are available
in SUB 238. Applicants must submtt a proposal and a
deposit along with the application.
Applications are due by 4pm, Friday, April 3,1992 in SUB
238. Questions can be directed to the Art Gallery
Commissioner in SUB 246 or at 822-2361.
University Copy Centre
and up
3701 West Broadway at Alma Tel: 222-4142
(Next to Mac's Convenience Store)  Fax: 222 -9855
Full - service 60 copies for students
(autofeed only)
Colour copies   s 1.50
Resume Typeset (laser print) $5.00 off
fllTlS! Concerned about piiTIS
^j personal safety |^
^^^      on campus?       V
Why not volunteer for the
AMS Walk Home Program?
Applications are now available for:
• Two Volunteer Coordinators;
• Treasurer; and
• Promotions Coordinator*
* Must be available in the summer.
Questions may be directed to Caireen Hanert,
Director of Administration, SUB 254, 822-3961
Please return your application to the Administrative
Assistant in SUB 238 by 4:30 on Friday, March 1 3
Hani! 12th
5750 Oak Slrse".
Brtttsfi Cotomfeia
Presetted by
Rottttttn. M.D.,
Dr. Mo*e« TetKfter
Dr. Marvfe
Hu6fm*wm, K.D.,C.M.
AlbirilMlm, K.D..
Dr. Aftele (Bstti)
Bafamtek, Pti.B.
Dr. darts*
Patttek, K.B..
Sffonwrad by
Kfen *rtd BgnhtrBtttnn
in memory of Mtst Btwtrds &
Ufa and EmtfSuhf H»mte»B.
a o ti  a
o   c   o   o
a   q   o   o
O    «    O    0
Featured Guest Speaker
Rabbi Moshe 0. Tendler
Prof, of bio-athics, Albert Einstein Medical School. N.Y.
Dr. Tendler is a greatly sought after as a scholar.
lecturer and author. He is regarded by his peers
as a foremost authority on Jewish medical ethics.
Please register (by donation) The Second Conference ol
before Tuesday, March 10th. Jewish Medical Ethics
Make cheque payable to:       w II be taking place at the.
5750 Oak Street
suggested minimum
donation $18.00
(tax deductible).
U.B.C. Students free
Central Organization for Jewish Education
5750 Oak Street,
Vancouver. B.C. V6M 2V9
March 6,1992
t    k
'"■fe.'-.i  *.
■k£*,-;r_L.r {■"-'-».*>
> L
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