UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 5, 1981

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Array Problems plague SUB renovation
Doubts about the proposed
renovations for SUB continue with
some students now questioning access of the new facilities for disabled people.
A letter in Tuesday's Ubyssey
charged that the plans do not improve the problems of access disabled students presently have with the
At least one student from UBC's
School of Architecture agreed with
the opinion.
"It neglects wheelchair people,"
the student said. He added existing
facilities for disabled students are
He said the ramp on the north
end of the building is difficult to
use. "You've got to be Arnold
Schwartzenegger to get up that
side," he said.
Alma Mater Society director of
administration Craig Brooks, a
chief proponent of the new plans,
dismissed suggestions that disabled
students are not taken into account.
"That's garbage," he said.
Brooks said the proposed new
lounge will have a separate entranceway in back that can be used
by disabled persons and service people.
The new lounge would not include new washrooms. According
to Brooks this is because it is not
possible to put plumbing facilities
in that area.
Currently all washrooms on the
second floor (the floor where the
proposed lounge is to be) are not
Vol. LXIII, No. 49
Vancouver, B.C. Thursday, February 5,1961
equipped for handicapped people.
This means a patron in a wheelchair
would have to exit by the rear door,
take the elevator down to the main'
floor and use the washroom
facilities there.
Brooks said it is also currently
possible for disabled persons to use
the Pit.
"There's a ramp in the back of
the Pit," he said. "We've used it to
move pianos."
In order to enter the Pit a disabled person has to ring the buzzer at
the back door) and then get Pit staff
to set the portable ramp in place.
The Pit also does not have
washroom facilities for the handicapped .
People in wheelchairs rarely visit
the Pit, according to staff.
Other aspects of the SUB plans
were met with mixed reactions from
architecture students.
"I don't know why they're going
underground like gophers," said a
student who suggested there should
be more effort into restructuring
the main floor.
Another architecture student suggested renovations of the present
entranceways should be a priority.
"There should be a front door,"
said Ralph Janus, who added SUB
lacks an appropriate entranceway
that could serve as a focal point.
At least one student of architecture defended the proposed renovations.
"It's a logical place to start,"
said Larry Podhora. "Within the
scope of what they're trying to do
it's good."
Members  of  Filmsoc   who  are
preparing   a   short   film   on   the
renovations  expressed  dismay on
Wednesday for the limited funds
See page 2: SUB
^LLKl^fes^.*!^-*'"*-•-  ?Manager Joins
UBC's new graduate journalism
program will go ahead in 1982 if
funding is approved by the Universities Council of B.C., but critics of
the program say that an uncertain
job market may make the school
"I think there's a danger of
flooding the job market," Vancouver Community College journalism instructor Nick Russell said
Wednesday. "The academic nature
of the UBC program may be a problem."
The program gained senate approval Jan. 28 and now needs an
okay from UCBC before it can be
set up. But with the uncertain state
of the media in Canada today,
critics charge the school would be
too academic in nature.
"I don't see any attraction for
our grads to go to UBC," Russell
said. "They get jobs anyway. A few
of them might go to UBC if they're
academically inclined," he said. At
present there are 40 people enrolled
in the VCC journalism program.
But advocates of the UBC program say a journalism school at
Point Grey would complement
rather than compete with existing
journalism schools.
"I don't have any fears about the
market," said Fred Bowers, a UBC
English professor who headed the
committee that drew up the
academic guidelines for the program.
"Even with the mergers going on
in the newspaper business we're finding that it doesn't take more than
a month for people who've been
displaced to find a job," he" said.
"I'd have some reservations if
the school were to be totally restrictive to print media," Bowers said,
"but I really think there's an information explosion going on but it's
not in print media. Journalism skills
are the same whatever the
medium," he said.
But Russell feels the job situation
is much more static.
"I don't think the job market is
going to change significantly," he
said. "There's an awful lot of people jumping on the bandwagon
from the east and the states."
Bowers said the program is "aiming at national, not local media,"
and doesn't see any potential competition between the UBC school
and other local journalism diploma
programs such as the one at VCC.
"I don't think the two programs
would get in each other's way at all
either in terms of enrolment or the
eventual job market," he said.
The program envisaged for
See page 3: JOURNALISM
society exodus
Bern Grady, Alma Mater Society general manager for more than seven
years, has announced he will not renew his contract with the society when it
expires in one year.
Grady is now the fourth employee to part company with the AMS since
the beginning of the term.
"He resigned for personal reasons," AMS president Bruce Armstrong
said Wednesday. "Personally speaking, I would like the AMS to take the
opportunity to reassess its managerial structure and maybe change it before
Bern goes. It's a good opportunity," he added.
"I won't comment on his past performance and 1 won't comment on
who I'd like to see for general manager in 1982. Personally, I am saddened
about Bern resigning but I won't comment on it further."
Armstrong also refused, to comment on the significance of four AMS
employees either resigning or quitting within a month.
"I can't comment on this until I make a recommendation to council," he
said "It wouldn't be nice."
AMS publications salesperson Ken Grant was replaced last week by Sue
Cadney, executive secretary Cynthia Bell was replaced by Joyce McLean
the previous week, and accounts supervisor Madge Thompson finished
employment last week.
Administration director Craig Brooks said the sudden staff changes are
nothing to worry about and are not an indication of anything wrong with
the AMS.
"We have quite a few staff," he said. "Four out of 20 is not a large turnover."
Grady's employment teirminates Jan. 31, 1982. He will have worked for
the AMS eight and a half years.
Armstrong would not say whether Grady's resignation would have a
detrimental effect on the society. "I can't see that far in the future. I'm going out of office in two weeks. It's up to the new executive and new council
to decide."
Grady could not be reached for comment.
Aid task force mocks
real student input
- craiQ haale photo
SHADOW DANCER throws out arms in exultation at glorious sight of springlike sunshine beaming over verdant
campus. "Down with revisionist concepts of rule-centred structuralized sport," she cries in joy, her heart leaping
at realization that dignity and freedom of human spirit is unshackled when poetry and kinetic art combine to make
shadow of mandala gateway to heaven. Who needed to catch that football, anyway?
'J-school may flood job market'
"The federal government didn't
need a task force to come up with
what's in that report."
Sieve Shallhorn, B.C. Students
Federation executive officer, is not
, alone in his criticism of the recently
released report of the federal/provincial task force on student assistance.
"The report makes a mockery of
student input and hides the real
concerns with the existing programs," said National Union of
Students spokesperson John Doherty.
"We had hoped for s;omething
that would deal with the real problems of the student aid program.
We didn't expect them to pat themselves on the back."
Shallhorn said it is almost too late
for the government to make
changes to the program which
would come into effect for September.
"We're disappointed because the
task force falls short of recommending any federal grants or real
change in the program," he said.
"There has to be a grant program
instituted at the federal level."
The   report,   released   Jan.   27,
must now be approved by the
Council of Ministers of Education
of Canada, who initiated the task
force last February, Shallhorn said.
The report has a number of recommendations designed to rationalize eligibility criteria. It also
calls for a program of mixed loans
and grants from the federal government.
The federal government currently
provides loans through the Canada
Student Loans Program which is
administered by each province. The
provinces also contribute grants
and bursaries tailored to their own
Shallhorn is concerned about
how and when the recommendations will be implemented. "The
task force has been disbanded and
there is no mechanism to carry out
change," he said.
He also questioned the value of
sections of the report which dealt
extensively with public opinion
polls and relied on survey results to
back up their figures.
"I don't think it is valid because I
don't think they (the task force)
should be governed by opinion
polls," Shallhorn said. "The task
See page 8: AID Page 2
Thursday, February 5,1981
SUB film shortfunded
From page 1
they've received from student council to finance the film.
"It's not as long or as in depth as
it could have been," said Ian
Gilmour, the film's director.
"It didn't explain the now aspect
or why it's been done," said Peter
Leung who helped on the film's
editing. "We weren't able to do
The plans for SUB renovations
have been a subject of controversy
since they were put forward last
summer. Some council members
accused AMS president Bruce Armstrong of "railroading" the plan
through council and "building a
monument to himself."
A referendum on the proposed
renovations will take place from
Monday to Friday.
McSneer, reichsminister of
uninurseries, silence and
technocracy, has announced to the
puce hairy blorg of this tiny island
kingdom he will resign from tyranny to return to academic life.
"The Unsocial Discredit party
doesn't appreciate my grey cell," he
said, in what might be a reference to
a new residence he may be moving
to once his office records are
reviewed by the new reichsminister.
"I want to go back to making little hairy rats come," McSneer said.
February 9-14
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC extend a warm invitation to
everyone to help us celebrate GAY WEEK 1961. The
week's events are open to all who wish to participate.
12:30-2:00 p.m.. Faculty Club,
U.B.C. Speaker: David Fagan,
gay rights leader from Australia.
Advance tickets only ($7.00), for
information phone 228-4638.
Spiritual Fellowship Potluck Dinner, 5:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre, UBC. Dinner to be
followed by a discussion: "Is
there a gay spirituality?"
A Worship Service at the regular
weekly gathering of the United
Church community at V.S.T.:
"Out of the Sanctuary, into the
Streets". 8:30 a.m., Vancouver
School of Theology Chapel of
the Epiphany, 6050 Chancellor
A Lesbian/Gay Health Sciences
Assn. Presentation: "Gays and
Lesbians as Patients." 12:30
p.m., IRC 5, Woodward Bldg.,
A Gay/Lesbian Law Assn.
Presentation: "Gay People in the
Law Profession". 12:30 p.m.,
Curtis Law Bldg., Room 169,
Canadian Films: Jill Johnston:
October 1975 (Lydia Wazana
and Kay Armatage, 1977) and
Michael, a Gay Son (Bruce
Glawson, 1960), 12:30 - 2:00
p.m., Buchanan 202, UBC.
N.D.P. MP Svend Robinson,
parliamentary gay rights advocate, 12:30 p.m., SUB, 205
Robin Tyler is a brilliant comedian born in Winnipeg,
Manitoba, best known for her
lively and inventive sense of
humour and her lesbian feminist
stance. Man\ Canadians recently saw her cameo appearance on
CBC's Sharing the Secret:
Selective Gay Stories; also, a
select few have heard her recent
comedy album, Always a
Bridesmaid — Never a Groom,
recorded on the Olivia label. 8
p.m., Instructional Resources
Centre, Woodward Building,
Lecture Hall 2 (IRC 2), UBC.
Tickets: $4.00 Students
$5.00 General Public
Available through Concert Box
Offices, AMS Box Office, Gay
People of UBC, AMS Women's
Committee, Passacagalia
Books, Ariel Books, and Octopus Books East.
Workshop with Robin Tyler,
11:30 a.m. - 2:00 p.m., SUB
207/209. Admission by donation.
Valentine's Ball, 9 p.m., Grad
Student Centre, UBC.
Tickets: $3.00.
For further information, please
at 228-4638 or through our office, SUB 237b.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC wish to thank those who helped sponsor this ad:
Pocket fluff. OW copaM of tha Vvatchtoww. Tha adrtor'a brain. And th. toft ralf of a 1981 Studabak.r'a rear bumpw. What do thaaa thing, hav» in common?
Only that thay*ra Ml thing, that com. to mind down hara at tha prima™ lata « night whan aanrtv ia juat anottwr word and ataff democracy km aonwthing wa
might hav. ttfttad about whan wa wara all raaty drunk. Vou ought to com. down hara aomatima, ainca you'ra watrd anough to ba raading thia iagtjla piaca of
•hit. Th. printare ar. mambara of an aaonric raVgioua cutt that «p«Satrraa in printing atuovant nawapapan juat for tha fun of K. Thay don't gat paid and you can
raaty team a lot off mam, Ilk. how to maka thoaa funny aluminum foi tuba* that thay amoka thak opium out of. So join Tha Ubyaaay and jourmy to th. End of
th. Night. Ira mora rMi man MfcwMon.
Hovvza 'bouta Sauza?
Numero uno
in Mexico and
in Canada.
«-••»«''■• 40% alc./vol.
700 ml
ItO F€D (AlBiMfS
■>" 'SiT^T
You deserve a break today, so get up
away with an invitation from the UBC
gressive Conservative dub —  to hoar
officiai ieader of the Opposition, The
V^Vf'. ,v- V**- •' Thursday, February 5,1981
Page 3
Board moves on library expansion
A major step toward a $50 million expansion of UBC's library facilities was taken by
the board of governors Tuesday afternoon.
The expansion proposal, called "the biggest single project the university has ever put
forward?' was approved by the board and
passed on to the Universities Council of B.C.
Facilities planning director W. G. Argyle
said the plans approved by the board would
not be destructive to the beauty of the area
between Main and Sedgewick libraries.
"The design takes into account every
shrub and tree there," he said.
The plans would connect Main and
Sedgewick into one library, with corridors
overlooking the garden going between each
side of the buildings. The two wings of the
Main library would be torn down and replaced with newer structures, and an entrance to
the Main library from the East Mall would be
Administration vice president James Kennedy said UCBC will release funds to the
university at various stages of construction.
Construction is expected to first begin in
1983 and will not be completed until 1988.
In other business, the board heard a brief
report stating that students will need far more
bursaries this year than are currently provided.
Brad Stock of the standing committee on
tuition and student aid told the board students' financial needs are rapidly growing
and more bursaries are needed.
He said board members would receive a
full report on student needs in their dockets
for the next meeting in March, when the
committee will fully explain the inadequacy
of student aid.
The committee originally planned to make
its full presentation at Tuesday's meeting,
but found that former student board
representative John Pellizon had not made
provisions to get them on the agenda.
The board currently has only 14 members,
and will remain one member short until the
provincial government finds a replacement
for Stan Weston, who died suddenly in
There are IS members on the board, including eight government appointees. The
chancellor, the administration president, two
faculty members, one staff representative
and two students also sit on the board.
— craig heala photo
WINTER SPORT of lotus landers is strange game demanding skimpy attire and round, long-handled object
strung with guts of felines; object usually used in eastern Canada to walk on unfamiliar substance sometimes seen
on top of local mountains. Fellow citizens to east still insist Canada has a harsh season coinciding with turn of year
but we know better. We certainly know better than to live out there.
Winnipeg faculty gets union
WINNIPEG (CUP) — Faculty at
the University of Winnipeg will be
officially unionized by Feb. 6 and
support staff are looking to be certified as a bargaining unit by April.
Almost 80 per cent of the 200
faculty members at the university
voted in favor of unionization, said
John Ryan of the university's faculty association.
"Unionization has been discussed a long time here," Ryan said.
God not old man says rabbi
Every Jew should have a separate
personal relationship with God
rather than following a dictated,
structured belief, a reform rabbi
told an audience at Hillel House
"I don't believe in laws —
religious, scientific or social — I
believe in norms — laws are simply
speculations," Rabbi Phillip
Bregman told an audience of about
Bregman said the direction in the
reform movement in Judaism is
toward a personal vision of God.
"I do have a personal God, and I
think most people feel this way," he
"My God is very much a part of
me — He is the life force within me.
What I must do in prayer is to get in
touch with the God inside of me so
that I can get in touch with the God
around me."
Orthodox Judaism, he said, has a
set structure: ". . . . either you are
or you aren't." But he said he felt
reformists and orthodox Jews were
generally moving closer together
rather than moving to the extremes.
"Orthodoxy is really reform."
Bregman said religion involves
imagination, and imagination
works to change perceptions of it.
"People must get away from the
notion (that God is) the old man in
the sky."
"What with insecure government
funding we just thought it was time
we established some collective protection."
This is also the last year for U of
W president Harry Duckworth and
faculty wanted to become certified
•before a new president came to the
university, Ryan said.
Unionization among support
staff has also been discussed for a
number of years, said Carol Mc-
Quarrie of the Association of Employees Supporting Education Services. The move by faculty "provided the impetus to start formal proceedings," she said.
More than a month ago AESES
was contacted by support staff
members and asked to organize the
215 workers into a bargaining unit,
McQuarrie said.
Since then an undisclosed number of support staff members have
already signed with AESES and
more are expected after the union's
general meeting at the university
Feb. 5.
See page 8: STAFF
U of T faces
fee struggle
TORONTO (CUP) — A group
of University of Toronto students
are refusing to accept the latest tuition increase without a fight.
Students for an improved and accessible university (SIAU) will ask
U of T president James Ham not to
raise tuition for the 1981-82 school
year. Ham had earlier announced
he would raise tuition by 10 per
Ontario colleges and universities
minister Bette Stephenson announced Jan. 23 the formula fee, or
base level of tuition, would rise by
10 per cent and universities would
be free to levy an additional 10 per
cent discretionary fee.
But, tuition at the U of T will not
rise next year unless the discretionary fee is introduced, since the fees
are already at the provincial base
because of last year's increases.
Last year the U of T levied the 10
per cent discretionary fee in addi
tion to the province's 7.5 per cent
"Students have no choice but to
pay the formula fee, but to pay 10
per cent over inflation is not fair,"
said Cam Harvey, a member of
SIAU and student representative on
the board of governors.
A motion to "urge the university
to limit next year's fees to the ministry's formula fee, in other words,
not to raise tuition this year," will
be considered by the U of T student
"SIAU is entering into discussion
with as many groups as possible to
form a coalition, a common front
to oppose the dismal level of under-
funding," said Harvey.
SIAU is also addressing the problems of government funding to universities, accessibility and the quality of education.
Gov't cuts mean
less student jobs
OTTAWA (CUP) — A $20
million reduction in the federal
summer job creation program will
likely mean less jobs for Canadian
students next summer.
The government allocation dropped to $100 million for summer job
creation for 1981 from $120 million
for 1980. National Union of
Students researcher Jeff Parr said
the primary cuts were made to community development and federally
sponsored programs.
"These are the real job creation
programs in the package," Pan-
said . The other areas of expenditure
include national defense programs,
"hire-a-student" campaigns and
employment centres.
"It seems the government is placing a higher priority on military
training than on job creation,"
Parr said. "Much of the defence
allocation does not create any
Parr said 60 per cent of the
defence area of job creation is for
cadet training — a six week course
for teenagers between the ages of 13
and 18. Participants are not paid a
wage but given $100 if they complete the course.
But an executive director of the
employment development branch
of the ministry of employment and
immigration says emphasis has not
been placed on military training.
Hall am Johnson said the $20
million cut is a "generalized reduction" which does not favor any
Johnson did not feel the program
would suffer because of the reduction. "There has been a history of
varied funding," he said.
"Of course, the number of jobs
does fluctuate with the level of funding," he added.
Johnson said increases in funding
for "hire-a-student" campaigns
and employment centres would
mean those areas would be able to
maintain their current level of service.
But Parr says the employment
centres only aid students indirectly.
"They are supposed to help
students find jobs. Only a few
students are directly employed by
the centres," he said.
"What is needed is a stronger
committment to the areas of the
program that directly create jobs
for students," he added.
not noodod
From page 1
UBC would consist of 30 units over
two years and would include nine
units of "newsroom-workshop
practise" spread out over the two
years, Bowers said. Other sections
of the program would deal with
topics such as media history, and
the law and ethics of journalism.
In addition students would be required to work on a piece of investigative journalism that would
take the place of a regular master's
thesis. Twelve units would be made,
of electives in fields of interest to
the student.
Bowers said an internship program in which students work at
commercial newspapers during the
summer or Christmas will be integrated into the program. Page 4
Thursday, February 5, 1981
On campus, civil rights
were being violated...
Promotion and insults
The Alma Mater Society wants you to vote for the
proposed SUB renovations. How can we guess? Well,
there's their rather expensive serf-promotional ad taking up the centrespread of this newspaper. But we can
tell from other things, too.
There's the amount of time over which the referendum will take place: a full week. A bit of a surprise,
Considering the elections for student representatives to the board of governors and senate took
place over one day — but these people, after all, only
represent more than 20,000 students on governing
bodies at this university.
There were several complaints that the board and
senate election period was absurdly short. The AMS
executive and council, who also represent us, have
never approached the board, senate. Universities
Council of B.C. or the universities ministry to discuss
this. Ifs not nearly as important as the SUB referendum.
The executive elections this year were poorly planned and executed, with the announcement of nominations opening, nominations closing and the election
itself being held all coming in the space of three
weeks. Only a single all-candidates meeting could be
held, which was predictably poorly attended by both
students and (shame!) candidates.
The polls were open for two days. Again, there were
students who felt two days at the end of a week was
inadequate if time was to be taken to examine candidates' positions and schedule time to vote.
But for the referendum, five full days.
Then there's the presentation of the project. Four
paid for pages of The Ubyssey are taken up this week
with advertising pushing the renovations. When
something is puffed up that much, doubts must arise
as to whether the subject of such promotion is
necessary and valid all on its own.
On top of it all, the executive and council have insulted us.
According to council, on the advice of the executive, students might pass the renovations and
defeat the fee levy 'if they were allowed to vote on the
levy itself.
Balls. Pure and simple balls.
There should be an option on the referendum ballot
reading: "OR, be it resolved that, the SUB debt being
paid off, the fee formerly applied to that debt be
removed from the AMS levy and none of the above
projects be undertaken by the AMS."
Any person that mistook the meaning of that and
marked that box as well as another would have, of
course, spoiled their ballot.
But the executive wants the fee to continue for
some reason. Probably because it can then be used for
renovations even if the referendum fails to pass its
two-thirds quorum on the grounds the majority still
favor the work.
The AMS executive has been desperate to get this
little monument built, putting its priority above tuition
fee hikes, student aid or responsible handling of
finances. They've treated the students shoddily.
They're railroading it. There's no other word.
February 5, 1961
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout tha university year by tha
Alma Mater Society of tha University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff
and not of tha AMS or tha university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 220-2301; Advertising, 228-3877.
Editor: Varna McDonald
Okay har* ar* tha name*: Pat Burden. Nwicy Campba*. Stuwt Dewfc, Eric Eggmaon, Larry Green, Randy Hahn, Craig Ha*, Hawn Unman, Doug Martin,
Slav. McClure, Soon McDonald, Vam. McDonald; no thaw two are not r«at^, and GlwS«iford. And thiaiattieatory. One. upon a time a turd <«a running
around tha barnyard taking everyone that ha ahoukJ ba king ahh again. "BMyou,mBM*ttmd,"rmyon»ri»^.''Vm6omnMnmm."tlwMt^Uiibmii.
"you atecmd m» one baton." "But." th. tui yriM back, "your competition conaiata of a frog ng and . aodatst akjg." So tha free entetpnaeio turd
dumped Ma ahow at UBC. Evwyon. cam out to w«ch him make a apectade out c4 himM^ What he eekl wm thet the other guya w«* bed and thet he v«a
good. Than fw got confueed and did not know what ha waa doing. Fortunetery ha had a ahhtme to tat him what to do.
Goof corrects pro
When Edmund P. Grondine
endeavors to correct someone he
should be careful that he gets his
own facts right, if only for the sake
of his own expert self. In his letter
"Pro corrects goofs" he fails
miserably. As a humble but
fastidious student of hallucinogens
I would like to correct his corrections.
Grondine says my article On the
Mesoamerican Mushroom Trail
with R. Gordon Wasson fails to
distinguish between the
hallucinogenic constituents of
Amanita muscaria and Psilocybe
What he fails to notice is that my
Not dead
The Ubyssey's editorial obituary
for the Teaching Assistants' Union
was highly premature. The union is
alive and well — and soon, when its
first agreement with the administration is signed, it will be able to
truthfully claim that it has never
been stronger.
Your editorial showed insight,
however, into the nature of trade
unionism and the problems of the
TAU. You are correct to point out
that the winner of last week's strike
vote was the university administration. And the losers? The losers
were the people who voted no; the
union members, and the non-union
members too. The whole bargaining
unit, in other words.
Even so, your scenario of the
union being wiped out is unduly
pessimistic. There are now several
hundred interested and well-
informed TAU members, and
dozens of enthusiastic, dedicated
volunteer workers. Thanks to their
support, the TAU is definitely here
to stay.
P.S. — Non-union employees are
entitled to vote in any strike vote,
not just the first.
P.P.S. — To set the record
straight: the TA Union never
"refused to alter its position on
union security" (The Ubyssey, Jan.
30). The truth is exactly the opposite. In fact, in the last mediation
session on Dec. 8, the union
negotiators — in a spirit of compromise — discarded their original
union security proposal and drafted
a completely new one (the so-called
"Carleton formula"), which was
then submitted to the administration's negotiators. They refused to
discuss it, and walked out.
Glen Porter
graduate studies
article has no pretentions to a
discussion of chemistry. It is an article on hallucinogens and religion.
Grondine says the effects of the
two constituents of importance —
ibotenic acid and psilocybin — are
quite different. They are in fact
both members of the class of drugs
called hallucinogens and their effects are fairly similar.
Grondine says he's heard that the
effects of Amanitas are unpleasant
in the extreme. I myself have found
them to be quite pleasant if
prepared and eaten correctly ... I
have never been sick from these
Grondine says my article is a
complete mistatement of Wasson's
work citing two supposed errors.
He claims that the Vedic deity
soma was first identifed as Amanita
muscaria in Wasson's book
Mushrooms, Russia and History,
which he says was published in
1926. This book was published in
1957. Wasson first addressed the
question of soma's identity in 1963
and published his treatise, Soma:
The Divine Mushroom of Immortality, in 1967.
Grondine also claims the
hypothesis that lysergic acid amide
was the active ingredient of the
Eleusinian potion belongs exclusively to Albert Hofmann (a
name he spells Hoffman). Hofmann's research on the matter was
done at Wasson's request. Wasson
the ethno-mycologist asked Hofmann the chemist if the Greeks
could have extracted lysergic acid
amide from the generally poisonous
ergot fungus. Hofmann showed it
was possible. But the hypothesis
was always Wasson's; Hofmann
merely assisted him in the propf.
As for Grondine's innuendo that
Wasson was associated with the
CIA because an academic associate
of his once spoke to that much loved organization, I can only marvel
at his leaps in logic.
And what is Grondine's point
when he says that Wasson once
worked for a company that was
rumoured to have helped British Intelligence during the Second World
I can only suggest to Grondilne
that he follow Wasson's example;
get the facts and substantiate them
before condemning the work of
others. Experts shouldn't deal in
sensationalism, innuendo, and
careless mistakes.
Charles Campbell
fine arts 4
Support farmworkers
For the thousands of seasonal
farmworkers who pick the fruit of
Fraser Valley orchards, each day is
a 12-hour ordeal in the fields for a
piece-rate wage equal to barely
$1.50 per hour.
Denied holidays, sick leave, toilet
facilities or running water, farmworkers are also forbidden the minimal rights insured under the Employment Standards Act (1980),
such as the minimum wage and
health and safety regulations, despite the fact that the extensive use
of pesticides has made farmwork
increasingly hazardous.
The absence of day care facilities
has often forced parents to take
children into the fields with them,
where the sight of eight year olds
laboring alongside their grandpar-
kents is not uncommon. On top of
this abuse, many itinerant East Indian farmworkers are housed in un-
heated barns with absolutely no
It was under such appalling conditions that four small children died
last summer on farms in Clearbrook
and Langley.
As part of the attempt to reverse
these tragic conditions, the Canadian Farmworkers' Union (CFU) is
appealing to the public for their
support. A UBC Farmworkers'
Support Group now exists, and will
be holding its first meeting on Wednesday, Feb. 11 at 12:30 p.m. in
Room 119, SUB, where Judy Cava-
nagh from the CFU will speak on
Women and Farmwork.
Admission is free.
Those who wish to work with the
support group are invited to remain
after the talk for informal discussion.
We need look no further than our
own backyard for human misery
and poverty. Please show your concern by attending the meeting.
Kevin Annett
UBC Farmworkers' Support Group Thursday, February 5,1961
Page 5
Haphazard funding
leads to censorship
Whether or not environmental
groups should receive government
funding, and if so, which ones, has
been a contentious issue for the provincial government since they came
to power in 1975. To date, funding
has been haphazard, with the
monies allocated to certain conservation groups at the discretion of
the environment minister.
By lori Thkke
Without any legislation acting as
a guideline for equitable allocation
of funds the current discretionary
system leaves itself open to potential abuses. Some environmental
advocacy groups believe the government is not above "playing
"There is nothing to prevent
cabinet from issuing money to
whoever it chooses," says B.C.
Wildlife Federation spokesperson
Terry Simmons.
Among the environmentalists the
consensus is that the solution to this
dilemma is for the government to
set up a fund that could be impartially administered. Tom
Waterland, the low profile B.C.
forest minister, believes the answer
is to cut government funding of en-
vironmental lobby groups
According to the minister, funding lobby groups leads the government down a "treacherous, slippery
path." Members of citizens' lobby
groups should be willing to
volunteer their time and not rely on
government handouts to support
them says Waterland.
Waterland's statements have not
received a warm reception from
B.C. environmentalists. Ken Far-
quarson, the Outdoor Recreation
Council chair and founding
member of the Run Out Skagit
Spoilers (ROSS) committee says he
"resents the implication that public
interest groups are acting in self interest."
Sierra club chair Anna Buffinga
is concerned the minister's
statements "put environmental
groups in a bad light. People will
think they are opportunists who
misuse public funds." She adds,
"he must have stepped into the
wrong department and made a
Although most environmental
organizations in the province
receive some funding from the
governments in addition to public
donations, for most conservationists the work is a "labor of
Dr. Tom Perry, a ROSS committee member, estimates the value of
the time (not to mention the out-of-
pocket expenses) donated by
volunteers such as himself, Far-
quarson and others (including
several UBC professors) is worth in
excess of $100,000.
According to Maury Mason,
Greenpeace educational coordinator "to get government funding
you have to comply with regulations
and ideas." Greenpeace, which frequently criticizes the federal and
provincial governments operates
without any government funding.
Mason believes the government
dispersements are not without some
obligations. "They like to keep
organizations under their thumbs,
and we're not about to be dictated
to — especially when they're allowing such atrocities to continue."
Many B.C. environmentalists
believe that if they wish to receive
funding from the government for
their organizations they cannot afford to be too critical of government environmental policies. Some
organizations practice a form of
self-censorship which can be, in
Simmons' words, "more powerful
than direct censorship."
"Sometimes it (knocking the
government) will cost money, Simmons says. "There's always that
MLA Bob Skelley, the NDP environment critic says in some instances the government has funded
private citizens' research groups to
submit briefs opposing proposed
government projects like the
Kemano Dam. But by and large the
government's policy is to "support
the prosecution and not the
defense," Skelley says.
In their fight against the dumping
of 2,4-D in the Okanagan Lake
system the South Okanagan Environmental Coalition was unable
to obtain any government funds
and had to invest thousands of
dollars of their own money.
When the government does
allocate money to certain citizens'
groups it is invariably on a project
basis, usually for research (which is
then used by the government) or to
hire workers for projects like con
structing hiking trails and not for
operating expenses.
Grants, Simmons says, are
dispensed to the environmental
groups to perform specific tasks
such as researching and submitting
proposals to the provincial environment ministry. "The government is
not giving away money but is
distributing public money to do a
certain class of activity that should
be done anyway."
The two government grants
ROSS has received have been used
to pay legal fees for court action
taken against the Seattle City
Department of Lighting for its
plans to flood the Skagit valley.
B.C. is the only province that
doesn't have a citizens' advisory to
the environment ministry. That environmental concerns are not a high
priority of the present government
is evidenced by the environment
ministry's budget, considered sadly
inadequate by conservationists.
conservation a 'labor of love'
Simmons says the fish and
wildlife branches has not had a
budget increase in five years, with
the result that they cannot do the
work they should. They are
chronically short staffed and cannot form conservation patrols to investigate abuses of the environment.
Buffinga says the shortage of
funds means that environmental
groups end up doing the legwork
for the fisheries and wildlife
Outside conservation groups are
essential to make the public aware
of potential abuses of the environment and to protect our nonrenewable resources when the
government itself does not have an
internal regulating mechanism.
"Somebody   has   to   act   as   a
monitor and a conscience," says
Skelley emphasizes the government must recognize the importance of environmental watchdogs,
especially in the absence of its own
controls, and should make increased funding available to advocacy
groups on an indiscriminate basis.
It is essential, he says, that the
fund be impartially administered so
that groups wishing for support
won't be placed in a compromise
situation with the government.
Freestyle is a column of informed
or otherwise opinion, comment and
analysis perpetrated on an unsuspecting public by staff members of
The Ubyssey. Lori Thicke has
worked for the NDP in Tom Water-
land's riding and is press secretary
for Don Olds, Waterland's opponent.
Columbian exploits immigrant labor
Last week in Coquitlam, a number of immigrant and national minority workers set up an information picket line at the gates of the
Columbian newspaper. The workers, who pick crops in the Fraser
Valley in the harvesting season, deliver flyers and newspapers published by the Columbian door to door
at other times. They are employed
by United Flyer Distributors which
has contracted to deliver these Columbian publications.
The information picket went up
to support the workers' demand for
over $3,000 in back pay which their
employer was wrongfully withholding. These workers, many of whom
are of East Indian origin, are
among the most oppressed and exploited of the Canadian working
Their wages are $3.65 per hour.
Often they are given only a few
hours work per day, and they do
not learn this until after they check
in for the day.
The working conditions are extremely bad. Dog attacks and icy
steps are commonplace hazards.
The workers are not covered by
compensation, so that if one slips
and is hurt, he is out of luck.
Many of these workers are men
past retirement age, grandfathers
who have spent a lifetime at hard
work. They are organizing themselves into a local of the General
Farm and Allied Workers' Union
and have filed a certification application with the Labor Relations
The big capitalists like the newspaper and its advertisers, the big
Soroka vs. Trots
The Trotskyist League's principled defense of Allen Soroka against
anti-communist attacks (The
Ubyssey Jan. 6) has elicited an invitation to join the People's Front.
In the 1930s Comrade Trotsky said
the labor movement should "acquaint the fascists with the pavement." Naturally we welcome the
opportunity to join with anyone in
concrete action who genuinely
wants to put a stop to the fascists.
Such an action depends upon a
suitable relation of forces, as we
have no wish to engage in adventurist action, substituting ourselves
for powerful labor/minority
mobilizations. As our comrades in
the Spartacist League (U.S.)
demonstrated in Detroit and San
Francisco when the Klan and Nazis
were prevented from marching,
such united front mobilizations are
the only answer to the growth of
However, when concrete action
was posed, CPC(ML) and its
various front groups abstained,
refusing to respond to either the
murders of the Greensboro antifascist demonstrators or the acquittals of their Klan/Nazi killers.
In fact, one CPC(ML)er actually
complained   that   the   TL's
demonstration on Nov. 21, 1980 at
UBC against this racist "justice"
was "diversionary." Of course this
position reflects CPC(ML)'s slogan
"KKK and U.S. Imperialism out of
Canada," which implies that the
KKK is okay in Greensboro but not
Furthermore, the People's Front
strategy of communal self-defense
dangerously and unnecessarily
isolates ethnic and racial minorities
from their most valuable allies: the
labor movement. Only
labor/minority defense guards,
backed by the strength of the union
movement, can defend victims of
racist attacks.
Finally, CPC(ML)'s well-
deserved reputation for gangsterism
within the left makes a mockery of
their invitation to join forces. And
Soroka himself, only three months
ago, denounced as a "fascist" the
very same B. Campbell who he now
invites to join the People's Front!
This outrageous slander echoes
the bourgeoisie's equation of the
fascists with their militant opponents, the very thing that we have
defended Soroka against.
B. Campbell
Trotskyist League Clnb
corporations such as SuperValu,
Sears, and Safeway have tried to
avoid responsibility for this exploitation under the legal fiction that
the drivers are "independent contractors" and the door-to-door
walkers are employees of the drivers. With this legal fiction, the reality of the ruthless exploitation of
immigrant and national minority
labor is masqueraded as a "contractual" matter.
In their statement the workers
said, "The Columbian feigns concern about the rights of workers.
They have even made mention of
the plight of farmworkers in the
Fraser Valley. But their hypocrisy is
exposed by the fact that many of
the distributors for United Flyer are
these very same farmworkers. Right
under the nose of the Columbian
and very profitable for them operates a system of bogus "contracting" to exploit the workers and
drivers to the maximum.
For all of this posturing by the
Columbian that this was. merely a
"contract" matter, shortly after the
information picket line appeared at
the newspaper gates, the United
Flyer company handed over the
back pay owed to these workers and
signed an agreement recognizing
that the protesting workers were indeed employees of the company,
not "employees" of the drivers.
The struggle of these workers is
not over, it is just beginning. The
company is threatening to repudiate
this agreement, and it is by no
means certain that the provincial
Labor Relations Board will grant
them certification as a local of the
The General Farm and Allied
Workers' Union is an organizational member of the People's Front.
This union, militantly and steadfastly, is putting into practice the
slogans of the People's Front: One
for all, and all for one! An injury to
one is an injury to all! The UBC
Committee Against Racist And Fascist Violence supports the struggle
of the United Flyer Workers against
racist and class oppression, and
calls on the democratic people at
UBC to give these workers their full
support too.   •
Allen H. Soroka
UBC committee against racist
and fascist violence
Bookstore rip-offs
What's old news at the bookstore besides high text prices? Theft!
On Friday, Jan. 161 entered the bookstore to buy a textbook, and left
my Samsonite five-inch briefcase, as required by bookstore rules, outside the turnstile. After purchasing my text, I went to retrieve my briefcase and found that it was gone.
The briefcase contained nothing of value to anyone but myself, and it
saddens me to think that a student would steal another student's briefcase .and notes. But what is more annoying is that the bookstore enforces a rule which means that students must leave their possessions in
an area which is unguarded and easy to steal from.
A bookstore employee told me that there wasn't room for a proper,
more secured area for leaving valuables. When the new bookstore is
built, I hope that it will have provisions for security of books, bags, and
briefcases for those students who wish to leave their valuables secured.
Pay lockers with removable keys, such as those found in airport terminals, seem to be the best system.
I'm offering a reward (and no questions asked) for the return of my
briefcase. I can be contacted at 980-1306. Let's hope that the new
bookstore has better security measures; but meanwhile, keep a close eye
on your books!
Brett Coyle
science 2 Page 6
Thursday, February 5,1961
When SUB was built a large underground space between SUB and the present site of the
Aquatic Centre was left for future development. To use this space, a proper floor must
be laid, heat, light and mechanical services put in, and exit-entrances to SUB and outside installed.
Since the height of the Mall is restricted (914 ft from the ceiling to the base of the pillars),
the heating and air conditioning would skirt around the outside walls and underthe floor
in order to provide the necessary services. In addition, some plumbing and other
specialized services would be required for the PhotoSoc Darkroom and some
meeting/multi-purpose rooms.
So, all in all, this would result in approximately 16,000 square feet that would be used for
photographic darkrooms and studios, meeting rooms, club offices and possibly a couple
of retail shops relevant to student needs, at an estimated cost of $328,000 for the basic
upgrading. The basic upgrading cost does not include the internal separations within the
mall. The cost of this space works out to approximately $22/sq. ft., substantially below
the cost of building such a project from scratch today.
If you are interested in obtaining more details, concerning either project, please contact
Bruce Armstrong, AMS President or Craig Brooks, Director of Administration.
WHEREAS there exists a
space in the Student U
additional club offices, i
space; and
WHEREAS the Society has
creasing the student sp
having finally paid off tl
WHEREAS the Society has
the S.U.B. to meet th
one Is the S.U.B. PLAZJ
THE SAME at $39 per«
currently applied to payi
be instead applied to:
1) the   financing    of
2) the financing of the i
- What the Students' Council Is asking for Is the Student Fee to REMAIN THE SAME at $39 per student pi Thursday, February 5,1981
Page 7
need for additional student
nton Building, especially for
Tieeting rooms and lounging
the financial capability for in
ice to provide for this need,
ie debt of the S.U.B.; and
two proposals for renovating
is need; one is the S.U.B.
TI0IM at a cost of $725,000,
, MALL at a cost of $328,000;
A.M.S. student fee REMAIN
tudent per year, and the $15
ng off the debt of the S.U.B.
the   S.U.B.    COURTYARD
YES D        NOD
YES □        NOD
. *W
. >~*z~ ,
When the Student Union Building was constructed a large outdoor area on the second
floor was initially designed for an outdoor courtyard. However, due to changes in fire
regulations, this area now must remain closed until appropriately renovated.
In order to make this space conform, three stairways down to the lower floor must be
constructed. Two of these would be strictly for emergency exits, while one would be for
access to the second floor area from the main concourse.
The present courtyard would be roofed over, partially with glass to provide a skylight effect. The eastern half of the courtyard would be removed, exposing the main concourse
to a two floor high ceiling with a skylight roof.
The other half of the courtyard would be renovated into a conversation lounge. The new
conversation area would serve as a non-alcoholic social area during the day. It would offer a variety of coffees and other 'coffee-house' style goods. The area could be licensed
for special occasions by student groups for beer gardens, etc. Eight new club offices
would be constructed facing west onto the second floor corridor, thereby enabling
many more clubs to obtain adequate office space.
The estimated total cost, including renovations to Speakeasy, the Proctor's Office, Art
Gallery and the Ombudsperson's Office, is approximately $726,000. Much of the cost of
this project is upgrading the area to fire standards. These modifications have already
been approved by the provincial fire marshal.
it year, and asking approval of these two projects. We need an informed decision. Please remember to vote. - Page 8
Thursday, February 5,1981
Student assistance
Aid plan in doubt
From page 1
force should be making recommendations that will be leading to a
stronger and accessible post-secondary education system, not maintaining the status quo."
The report lists five federal aid
program options which could replace the current CSLP. They differ
in cost and emphasis on objectives,
with three costing $400 million, IS
per cent more than the cost of existing programs.
The most conservative alternative
resembles the current plan with revised and standardized criteria to
determine eligibility and need. Another proposal increases the proportion of grants during the early
post-secondary years and switching
to loans in later years.
A loan-first plan is also recommended in which aid is given first as
a loan to a specified level of need,
then as a grant, and finally as half
loan and half grant. This plan is
similar to the one now in effect in
The income contingent repayment plan would use a student's income after graduation as the basis
for loan repayment, and costs more
than the first three options.
An all grant program is the fifth,
and most expensive, option.
Both NUS and BCSF are disappointed because the report does not
strongly recommend an all-grant
"We are hoping it (the report)
would lead directly to implementation of a federal grant program,"
Shallhorn said. "We're happy that
it leans in the direction of some sort
of federal grant system, but leaning
isn't enough."
"We have to continue to press
for an all grant system," Doherty
said. "Students have to force the
government to work at breaking
down financial barriers to education with a good student aid
Student aid programs vary widely
from province to province. In B.C.
the maximum aid available is $3,500
per year, of which the first $600
is a loan while the remainder is split
into half grant and half loan. Federal CSLP loans make up $1,800 of
the total.
But Alberta provides over $7,000
in grants, to a maximum of $12,000
total award, to some categories of
Shallhorn outlined the BCSF demands for changes to the provincial
aid program. "We want to see the
$3,300 ceiling increased by increasing the grant portion to at least 50
per cent of the total.
"The loan ceiling should stay at
$1,800, the loan-first system removed and the total aid ceiling raised to
at least $4,800, which would only
keep up with inflationary increases
since the ceiling was instituted."
Staff to follow faculty
From page 3
AESES already represents support staff workers at the University
of Manitoba.
Ryan believes a unionized faculty
and support staff "should
strengthen our hand in getting
funds from the provincial government."
Wage settlements will now be legally binding on the university, Ryan
said, and thus the university cannot
be pressured by the government to
roll back a settlement.
However, W. C. Lorimer, chair
of the university grants commission, said if a university makes a
settlement "higher than the going
rate of wage settlements," the university will have to look at other
areas where they can make a cut.
McQuarrie said certification of
support staff will likely happen in
WELL DOCTOR, fhis big fucker came up and stepped on my head
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Financial assistance is available.
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Chairman, MBA Program
School of Business, Queen's University
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6
Please send
concerning Queen's MBA to
Graduating Year
Leader of the pack.
Introducing Extra Old Stock in the
new convenient 24 pack. Thursday, February 5,1981
Page 9
Maybe there
was an
Or maybe a valve failed, or a hose rotted through, or a
pipe corroded in the wet sea air. These things have all happened before, in other places.
A plume of yellowish green gas rises from the crippled
factory, falling heavily in the dank air, and seeping into
hollows. It's the still hour before dawn, and the October
day promises to be clammy and overcast, low clouds sealing in the cold fog.
The Vancouver sea breezes are fitful, and at dawn they
swing inland. The e,as wafts with them, acrid and corrosive. It bleaches the grass into white straw.
Maybe an alarm is raised, maybe not. It doesn't really
matter because there is no evacuation plan for the
neighboring communities and no evacuation route
by Helene Liftman
Canadian University Press
This scenario is taken from data in the controversial
Beak report, which North Vancouver district council once
refused to release to the public because it feared "unnecessary panic."
According to the report, if one hundred pounds of
.chlorine escaped from Hooker Chemicals' North Vancouver plant in this hypothetical accident, 13 people in
nearby Maplewood would die.
If four hundred pounds of chlorine escaped, 29 people
would die in Maplewood, 21 in Seymour and 18 in Lyn-
If 1,000 pounds were lost, S3 people would die in
Seymour, 98 in Maplewood and 45 in Lynmour, all from
suffocation caused by destruction of lung tissue.
Hooker Chemicals' North Vancouver chlorine plant
sprawls over an outcrop of reclaimed seashore just east of
the Second Narrows bridge. These sandflats below Dollarton highway are prime industrial land, centrally located
and served by rail and sea. Hooker shares this splash of
industrial Utopia with a branch of Erco Chemicals, a sawmill, warehouses, and a drydock. This strip of functional
blight is a sharp contrast to the pleasant and semi-rural
suburbs that adjoin it.
Although Hooker's been in operation at the
Maplewood site since 1957, it's only a miracle that an accident of major proportions hasn't yet occurred, since the
Beak report quotes statistics from the chlor-alkali industry that predict an accident involving 100 or 400
pounds of chlorine once every eight years at any given
The Beak report was commissioned by district council
several years before chemical hazards became a matter of
public concern. Beak Consultant's Ltd. was dispatched
in October, 1977 to draw up a report on hazards in industry "to assist the planning department in making its
recommendations in the Seymour Plan."
"The technical study was never intended to be a public
document," council said, much later in March of 1980.
But a good deal had happened in the interim to bring
chemical hazards into the limelight: on Sept. 20,1978, 78
people were hospitalized after six chlorine cannisters
tumbled from a flatbed truck and spilled open during rush
hour on Vancouver's busy Main Street.
The Beak report had been presented to district in June
1978, and brief mention of it was made in the press a few
days after the October accident. It was dismissed with a
comment by North Van district mayor Don Bell to the effect that his staff were "analyzing the dangers revealed in
the consultant's report." It had not yet been presented to
council, he said.
Then-mayor of Vancouver, Jack Volrich, limited his
response to the recent catastrophe by muttering that
chemical companies ought to submit to a voluntary embargo on transporting dangerous chemicals pending new
stiff federal regulations.
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The local branch plants scoffed, not too politely, and
the subject died.
But hazardous chemicals made the national news again
14 months later. Mississauga was the media glamor
catastrophe of the year. There were no fatalities, but
250,000 people were evacuated from the Toronto suburb
for up to a week while firemen feverishly pumped 10 tons
of chlorine from a derailed and spewing tank car. In all,
25 cars, all but six carrying dangerous chemicals, derailed
Saturday, Nov. 10, 1979 and made Mississauga a byword
for disaster.
North Van district council, by all accounts, never had
any intention of making the Beak report public in its complete form. Back in January and February of 1980, r.hey
were debating releasing a watered down version for public
Then newly elected reform minded alderman Ernie
Crist erupted with an open letter to mayor Bell posted to
the North Shore News. He accused Bell of cavalierly
dallying with the health and safety of North Shore
residents, and called for the release of the report to the
Past and present members of council lashed back at
him in print, calling him opportunistic and self-seeking,
accusing him of making "political hay" out of the issue.
The battle raged among the sunshine girls and ads for
diet studios, but the public caught on and pressure
mounted against Bell and his supporters. Crist was denounced in council for his letter, but the report was finally
released in late February, at a cost of $100 per copy, "because of special printing processes."
Alderman Mike Lakes asked that a list be kept of all
people who applied to see the public copy on view at
district hall, to see "just who is interested" in the report.
It turned out a lot of people were interested. Until the
Beak report broke surface most of the comfortable middle class residents in the immediate danger zone had no
idea they were living in a potential disaster area.
The report is scary. There's no question of that, and
nobody besides company spokesmen and a few North
Shore politicians deny its validity.
— helene liftman photo
Chlorine emerges as the most immediate danger
although Hooker has a relatively good safety record.
Beak reports a total of only 37 days lost time due to
chlorine exposure in Hooker's 21 years of operation in
But tugboat employees working in Burrard Inlet near
Hooker were gassed in two separate incidents in 1972.
Two men spent the night in hospital in April, and four
were treated and released in October.
And as Erco plant manager William Kier pointed out
last April after five Nova Lumber sawmill employees were
overcome by hydrochloric acid fumes from his plant,
gassing other companies' workers doesn't show up on
your own official in-house safety record.
Historically, chlorine accidents occur as a result of a
combination of structural failure and human carelessness.
Neither of these variables can be ruled out at Hooker
North Vancouver. In fact, certain geographical and atmospheric conditions actually compound the danger.
Chlorine is a yellowish green gas, two and one-half
times heavier than air. It's highly irritating and caustic,
and is the main ingredients in bleaches and some disinfectants. But on the west coast it finds its biggest customers
in the pulp and paper mills who use large quantities of it
in their manufacturing process.
Chlorine itself is manufactured by a complicated procedure involving the precipitation of chlorate from sea
salt by the use of large batteries.
It is lethal at 1,000 ppm (parts per million) in the atmosphere, "highly intolerable" at 100 ppm for less than a
minute. At 15 to 20 ppm it causes coughing, headaches,
bleeding and sputum from the lungs and nose. At 3 to 6
ppm it causes acute irritation and at one ppm it irritates
and disturbs.
After the spill on Main Street in 1978, grass growing
near the site was bleached and lifeless.
A lucky breeze can divert disaster, as it did in Squamish
and Baton Rouge, La. But chlorine is heavy, sinking
rapidly into bottom lands, a fact which is of no comfort
to residents of the Seymour valley.
See page 11: EVACUATION Page 10
Thursday, February 5, 1981
'Tween classes
Ganaral maating and workahop. noon, SUB
Gordon rakwaathar apaaka on Canadian human
rights, noon. Law 101/102 and 201.
Rav. Cation Monk of tha committee for Project
North apaaka on tha church and nonham development - ia our laartonahlp to tha north pat-
ronojng and oppiaaariia. or ia it ona of aolidar-
kyft - 7:30 p.m., Lutharan Campua Cantra.
CSA'a magulna Naw Shoot ia looking for con-
trfeutiona. Inducing proaa and art. to ba droppad
off in SUB 236 bafora Fob. 19.
Guaat apaakar on chakafap, all walcoma, 7:30
p.m., MacMMan Z78.
Ganaral maating. noon. SUB 212.
Stammtiach. Gorman convaraational avaning,
7:30 p.m.. International Houaa 401.
Forum whh Richard Alarcon, ex-Chilean priaon-
ar, noon, SUB 224.
Tom Sokolowaki apaaka on Allegoriaa in tha Gal-
laria Spada, noon, Laaaarra 104.
Canadian artiat Ak« Wyaa apaaka, noon, Laaaarra 102.
Setf-guidad machina room tour, noon to 4 p.m..
Computer Science buiiding 100.
Drop-in co-rec innertube water polo, 7:X to 9:X
p.m.. Aquatic Centre.
Women'a floor hockey leegue begina, 7 p.m..
Gym F.
Club meeting for aH beeketball. volleyball and
hockey refereea, nawcomera walcoma and needed, noon. War Memorial gym 211.
Drop-in co-rec voaeybal, 7:30 to 9:30 p.m.,
Dieloguee on development lenion on Nicaragua 7 30 p m International Houaa up
Topic: Sharing on how to etudy? Noon, SUB
Naomi Hereom apaaka on reason and hope,
noon, Cham. 260.
Red Croaa blood donora dnic. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m..
Thuraday and Friday. SUB 207/208, 213 and
General maating, noon. SUB 261.
Jeffrey Hopkina. University of Victoria, apaaka
on Death and Dying in Tfeeten Buddhjam, noon,
Laaaarra 102.
Information for thoee in financial criaia, noon.
Robert Mann apaaka on orthodontic*, ai mam
bare plaaaa attend, noon IRC 4.
General meeting, noon, SUB 230.
Generel meeting, noon, SUB 116.
Skeena-Terroce welfare righta group preoenta
akita and diacuaaion on iaeuea facing welfare women, noon. Graham Houae, School of Social
QueatJon/anawer period with Dr. Haaaam, noon,
SUB 119.
Joe Clark apeeka, 11:30 a.m., SUB ballroom.
Friondehip dance, 9 p.m.. International Houaa
upper lounge.
JiH Band apaaka on women againat priaon, noon,
SUB 130.
Deadline for men'a curling bonapiel. War Memorial gym 203. Spiel taken place Fab. 14 and 16.
Weet-eeet maH ran (three kml open to everyone,
noon, Maclnnee held.
General meeting and ticket aalea, noon Interna
tnnal Houaa lounge
Chineae naw year banquet and dance, 6:30 p.m.,
Golden Crown raatauram.
Soiree de vk* at homage; ticket! at AMS box office and La Club Francala, 7:30 p.m., SUB party
Man'a bookstore three on thraa baaketball tourney, noon to 11:30 p.m.. War Memorial gym.
Potitiorwr's workshop, aH organizing committae
mambm «houW ba than. 11 ■.m., SUB 212.
Spiritual faNowahip and potluck dinnar, 5:30
p.m., Lutharan Campus Cantra
Gay week opaning tunchaon, noon to 2 p.m.,
faculty dub.
Roller ikattng party, 1 to 11 p.m., Richmond
Economics series: A sense of piece, explores the
main issues of human settlements, noon. Library
Processing 306.
Ralph Gustafson speaks on the necessary art:
poetry and language, noon, Buchanan penthouse.
Discussion group on science and the modern
world, come and miniaturize science, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre.
Gay week '81 features a gay men and women
health sciences association presentation, noon,
IRC 5.
Worship service, 8:30 a.m., VST chapel of the
epiphany, 6050 Chancellor Boulevard.
Nancy Hawtey speaka on the world hearth executive meeting in Geneva last week regarding
problem caused by murtinationals and their advertising techniques regarding baby formulas in
developing countries noon  Education 100
Hot flashes
Get fo know
Joe Blow
He's not your ordinary Joe. He
might not be Joe Cool, but he's not
just Joe Blow either.
He dresses neatly, so he's not a
Sloppy Joe. And though his contribution to Canada's history might
fit on a bubble gum card, the day
will probably never come when you
can trade three Joe Clarks for a Joe
He's still the leader of the Progressive Conservative party (until
John and Flora and Brian and the
rest get their knives sharpened) and
he'll be speaking in SUB ballroom
at 11:30 a.m. Friday.
Yes, good old Jerusalem Joe is
back for a return engagement and
the Groucho-Marxists are being
rounded up by the cream pie police
to prevent mishaps. Find out how a
conservative can be progressive
and other neat internal contradictions tomorrow.
BBUklng profits
In countries where people are
starving to death and the only
nutritious food that is likely to be
found is milk, corporations are into
selling synthetic baby formula that
affects children's health.
Why? Because it's easier than
taking food from a baby and making a profit at the same time.
The World Health Executive met
at Geneva last week to discuss this
policy of multinational corporations
and the advertising techniques they
use. Nancy Hawley will tell people
what happened at a speech for the
Infant Formula Action Coalition (INFACT) at noon Tuesday.
It's in room 100 in the education
Bo a raid or
"Oh, boy, just read all this stuff
about what Ralph Nader's done for
us. I wish I could have been one of
Nader's Raiders.
"But, hey, look, there's a great
idea getting going that can apply
the principles Nader has developed
to increasing knowledge about
public concerns and taking action
to further those concerns. Public
Interest Research Groups. We
should have one in B.C.
"What's that? We do? And
they're in SUB right now with an information table on the B.C. PIRG?
Wow, I'd better get down there.
"It's only going to last until
tomorrow, 1:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
Right on SUB concourse. See you
BJ. JT. ly  / %^ bL_ BL. J
* Same day service on small repairs
— in by 10 out by 6.
* 24 hour service on most other repairs.
5706 University Blvd.
Dialogues on
Thursday, February 5
Session 4 of a nine-part series
on some of the issues of
development which include
speakers, films and discussion groups.
FEE: $1.00 per session.
SPEAKER: Francisco Campbell, agricultural economist
— Institute for Agratian
Reform — Nicaragua.
Slide-Tape on the
Reconstruction of Nicaragua
Upper Lounge, 7:30 p.m.
Friday, February 6
Hat Contest & Dance
Special Offer $2.00
SUBFILMS presents
Thurs. 7:00
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Fri. 7:00
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Fri. 9:30
Young Frankenstein
Sat. 7:00
The Buddy Holly Story
Sat. 9:30
Return of tha Dragon
Sun. 7:00
Gone With The Wind
$1.00 Per Show
Feb.      5-8
George & Berny's
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
$2,000-9 months
to students wishing to enter the first or subsequent professional
year of a degree course in Mining or Mineral Engineering
and Extractive or Process Metallurgical Engineering.
For applications contact:
The Secretary,
Canadian Mineral Industry Education Foundation,
P.O. Box 45, Commerce Court West, Toronto, Ont.
The Dean of Engineering
Applied Science
RATES. Campus - 3 lines. 1 day 41.50; additional lines, 36c.
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S a.m. to t2 noon
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umbrella at SUB polling station Thurs. Inquire SUB 238.
20 — Housing
ARE YOU TIRED of commuting to U.B.C.
every morning? If so, the Student Housing
Office may be able to help. We now have
vacancies for women in Totem Park
Residence. There are only seven double
rooms left — so act quickly. Come to the
Student Housing Office during regular office hours (8:30 a.m. to"4:00 p.m.) and let
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99 — Miscellaneous
30 — Jobs
FULL AND PART TIME shippers wanted
by local stereo store. Opportunity to learn
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Rooms 207/209,
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Dinner for two at the
Keg drawn daily Thursday, February 5,1961
Page 11
From page 9
The flats Hooker occupies are
geographically part of the delta of
the Seymour river, which flows into
the inlet underneath the Second
Narrows bridge. The communities
considered at greatest risk by the report are all less than 100 feet above
sea level. "The topography of the
Maplewood and surrounding areas
can best be described as flat," the
report concludes.
But behind this populated lowland the mountains rise quickly.
There are no roads through them,
and the only access to the Maple-
wood/Deep Cove area is through
three lanes of traffic which cross the
Seymour river. One of thse is a
single lane Bailey bridge. Rush hour
traffic snarls to a halt every day
when a fairly small percentage of
the 20,000 residents on the east side
of the river try to squeeze into the
clearly inadequate access. Emergency planners have admitted evacuation of the area would be impossible.
Stable air temperatures, a culprit
sealing in fog and smoke in low-lying areas, are common in North
Vancouver. They occur 35 per cent
of the time in October, the most
dangerous month climatically according to the report. What wind
there is, is a shifting sea breeze that
often blows inland, and often
ceases at dawn and dusk. Its unpredictability could mean that places
considered safe at one point during
an evacuation could suddenly become swamped with gas.
The Beak report went public, and
the public reacted.
Hooker Chemicals vice-president
and general manager L. H. "Bud"
Schnurstein, who had received his
own complimentary copy some time
before all this, burst out in a wordy
retaliation in February 1980, before
the release of the report was even
He questioned the premises, results, conclusions and validity of
the company's "good record." A
total of 11 employees were laid off
for a total of three days in the past
23 years because of chlorine inhalation, he said in the News. He cited
34 days less than the Beak report.
Then he emphasized the special
danger of the transport of chemicals, which, he said, did not really
fall under the control of the company. He did not mention that the
gassing of non-employees was not
reflected in his safety record.
The Chemical Hazards Alert
Committee, composed mainly of
Maplewood and Seymour residents,
began to organize.
In March the transport issue was
addressed by a West Vancouver
group in true Tiddlycove fashion.
They staged a mock evacuation of
the expensive and congested Ambleside waterfront area, pretending
that a fuel truck was burning on a
railway crossing, igniting a propane
However, they forgot to contact
B.C. Hydro to shut down a 60,000
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say planners
volt transmission line that ran along
the tracks. It was dangerous in
practise, but if there had actually
been a fire, hot wires would have
come pitching down on top of the
firefighters. The conclusion reached
by West Van after the mock accident, that evacuation was practically impossible, had grave implications for the rest of the North
The north shore of Vancouver is
a strip of highly developed residential and commercial areas sandwiched between Burrard Inlet and
the mountains. Industry of various
kinds stretches along most of the
waterfront. Railway tracks cross
from the Vancouver side at the Second Narrows bridge and run west
along the length of the north shore
and up the coast to Squamish, Lill-
ooet and Prince George.
Because of the sheer volume,
near miss accidents are common,
and blazes, explosions and fatalities
not unusual. In fact, West Van's vision of catastrophe came true, in
part, several months after the mock
A tank containing 17,600 gallons
of methanol went up in a spectacular blaze after a train crash in the
rail yards under the Lions Gate
bridge. The bridge was closed for
an hour, and six rail cars destroyed,
on Dec. 22, 1980.
Still, the danger of transport does
not make the danger of storage and
manufacturing less. That was the
viewpoint of the CHAc, which
packed public meetings in April in
the first burst of community concern over anything in North Vancouver for years.
"Move Hooker!" they yelled at
visibly shaken Bell and Schnurstein
during a panel debate at Maplewood elementary school. The issue
was clear-cut to them. Dangerous
industry had no place in a growing
community, and Bell was guilty of a
cavalier attitude towards the problem.
The North Shore Chamber of
Commerce responded with an "evaluation" of the Beak report that
won them points with Bell for being
non-alarmist and rational.
Chaired by community leader
Derrick Inman, the report de-emphasized the dangers of plants per
se, and concentrated on the hazards
of transport.
area will continue to grow, intensifying the problems created by the
presence of Canadian Oxy
(Hooker) in the midst of what is already a densely populated area,"
the report said.
"The task force recommends that
the municipal government, in concert with the federal and provincial
government, seek a means by which
the Canadian Oxy facility can be relocated from the North Shore."
The report also recommended
that the chlor-alkali industry be decentralized by moving chlorine
plants to the vicinities of pulp mills.
But it added that Hooker be compensated $125 million if asked to
move. The new buildings would
cost $59.6 million to erect.
Hooker currently pays $800,000 a
year in taxes to the district. It buys
10 per cent of its $2 million a year
purchases in the district. It makes
$600,000 worth of sales,  1.5 per
West Van's vision of catastrophe
came true several months
after the mock accident.
Transport was a safe subject. The
federal government was already examining regulations, the ones Volrich had referred to in '78.
The two sides were lining up for
battle, and the politics was beginning to show. In July, Schnurstein
sent a noncommittal letter agreeing
to discuss relocation of Hooker
with federal, provincial and municipal government. It was encouraging, but hardly a strong step.
About the same time, North Vancouver district council granted
$10,000 to hire consultants to look
into the costs and feasibility of such
a move. That report surfaced in the
middle of November. It lashed out
at inadequate safety measures,
plans and training. Although transport of chemicals was identified as
the main culprit, the report concluded that the district should look
into relocation.
"The population of the Seymour
cent of its total, in the district.
The report said "we are justified
in disregarding any protective efficiencies lost through its
(Hooker's) removal." It does not
say why a branch plant which earns,
on its own, $900 million a year, and
pays $4.5 million a year in salaries
($2.25 million to North Van residents) must be so generously compensated.
One month later, Hooker Chemicals announced it was sinking $14
million in "modernization" into
the North Van plant, and had no in
tention of ever relocating. The decision was made in Calgary the day
after North Van district council
agreed to initiate a ban on above-
ground storage of dangerous chemicals.
Mohawk Oil's purification
plants, which boasted several
above-ground storage tanks had
just come into use next door to Er-
co. It had been quietly approved in
"There is no justification or rationale tor removal of the (Hooker)
plant," works manager Brian
Thorpe said.
In January, 1981 district council
said it was discussing removal of
Hooker. A decision is expected
within a month.
Hooker's renovations have been
blasted by CHAC as expansion in
disguise. And North Vancouver al-.
dermen have gone down on record
saying that relocation is far too expensive. Why they have to fully finance the relocation has never been
The Hooker affair is a lasting
monument to the futility of fighting
the combined interests of big business and small government. For a
while, most of the electorate residents certainly did try and fight.
But they were mistaken in their simple belief that a majority necessarily
Most of the CHAC affiliates,
many of whom have drifted away
by now, were the sort of comfortable middle class North Shore people who reacted with genuine astonishment and indignation when
confronted with their own total political impotence.
They may never make the connection between their own futile swing at Hooker Chemicals, and the
massive multinational company
which operates the antiquated plant
in Squamish and was at the bottom
of the Love Canal scandal in New
General Meeting for all Graduates of 1961
Hebb Theatre, 12:30
Grad Class Council
Nominations are now open for:
(a) The President
(b) The Vice-President
(c) Four (4) Student Council
(d) The Treasurer
(e) Academic Coordinator
(f) The Athletic Coordinator
(g) The Advertising Coordinator
(h) The Social Coordinator
(i) The Secretary
Nominations close Feb. 9, 4 p.m.
Information available in Buch. 107
hair studio inc.
Make an appointment today
and give your head a rest.
S      224-9116
"Sweethearts Ball"
Special Refreshments
Prizes for the King and
Queen of the Ball
Theme: RED and WHITE
Tickets in Advance
Thursday, February 5,1981
Billion dollar rumor true says NUS
The National Union of Students
says rumors of an impending SI.4
billion cut to post-secondary education are true and can be substantiated by government documents
and comment.
"It's gotten to the point that people are scared shitless because the
cuts seem so certain," said NUS
spokesperson John Doherty
The $9 billion Established Program Funding plan funds provincial
health, social assistance and educational ministries. About $3 billion is
allocated to post-secondary education in cash transfers and tax
points, and this is where the biggest
cuts are expected.
"It looks like the government
plans to eliminate the EPF cash
transfers by 1985," Doherty said.
"After that they'll work out new
funding arrangements to entrench
the cutbacks."
Doherty said NUS has been
working closely with the Canadian
Association of University Teachers
and the Associaion of Universities
and Colleges to obtain information
on government plans for the EPF.
He said CAUT used contacts
within the government to review
documents in the ministry of social
development which outlines the
nature and quantity of the cuts.
Negotiations for funding begin in
about two months, well before the
April  1982 expiry of the current
plan. Doherty feels the negotiations
will be a major part of the current
restructuring of federal/provincial
relations as a result of the constitutional crisis facing Canada.
"The $9 billion tied up in EPF is
large enough to play a big role in
the restructuring negotiations," he
said. "The federal government is
not going to deal with provincial
rights, oil and funding as separate
issues — it's going to trade them
Doherty said CAUT obtained an
internal government document
which said the federal government,
in its plans to axe post-secondary
funding, is most concerned about
student reaction and wants to avoid
upsetting them.
This attitude ties in with a B.C.
Students' Federation spokesperson's view that students can play
an important role in preventing
large scale cuts.
"Right now both the B.C.
government and the federal government are extremely voter sensitive,"
Steve Shallhorn said Tuesday.
"Students have to start working
with administrators and faculty to
bring the issue to public attention."
Public attention has already
focussed on the cuts after Tory MP
Tom MacMillan raised the question
in the Commons. NDP finance
critic Bob Rae has joined MacMillan in a call for a task force to
study provincial funding and the effect of cuts before a decision is
made, Doherty said. UBC administration president Doug Kenny
and SFU president George Pedersen
support the call for studies.
B.C. currently receives $335
million under the EPF — almost
two thirds of the total provincial
post-secondary revenue. Provincial
government sources and Kenny
agree the shortfall will have to be
met by students and the provincial
News stories last week said tuition fees could triple as a result of
cuts, but education minister Pat
McGeer said earlier this week that
"we (the provincial government)
simply wouldn't allow that to happen."
Kenny agreed. "I wouldn't push
any panic buttons at this point," he
said Monday. "From an internal
university viewpoint I can't see us
doubling tuition fees overnight."
In his 1979-80 annual report,
Kenny said Ottawa's withdrawal
from the EPF scheme would be
"short-sighted and gravely damag
ing to the long-term interests of
Canada," and called for universities to be consulted.
Speculation first began about
massive EPF cuts when finance
minister Allan MacEachen
presented the federal budget Oct.
28, saying Ottawa wanted to make
substantial savings in social programs shared with the provinces.
One month later health and
welfare minister Monique Begin
said cuts would affect only post-
secondary education.
BoG okays park
The UBC board of governors officially announced Tuesday a research
park will be built at UBC but refused to release any information on what
control will be kept over research.
The preliminary agreement to build the research facility, was reached
after months of slow progress in negotiations. UBC spokesperson Al
Hunter said a final agreement is within weeks of being signed.
Throughout negotiations students demanded information on the kind of
research to go on in the park be made public. It is feared socially unacceptable experiments may be performed.
The board's concern about control over Discovery Park research was a
major obstacle in negotiations. Student board representative Anthony
Dickinson said recently that the board was interested in getting veto power
over research projects.
The board's concerns have been taken into consideration in the agreement according to administration president Doug Kenny, but details have
not been disclosed.
The park will be run by a private company, Discovery Parks Inc.
The park at UBC will be one of four research parks throughout the province. Other locations have already been established at the University of
Victoria, Simon Fraser University, and the B.C. Institute of Technology.
Plans for major private research centres at the parks at SFU and BCIT
were unveiled yesterday by Pat McGeer, B.C.'s universities, science and
technology minister. MacMillan Bloedel will be building at BCIT and
Microtel Pacific Research at SFU.
MacMillan Bloedel will be doing forestry research aimed at studying
more efficient use of wood and developing new products.
Microtel will be doing research for its parent company, AEL Microtel
Ltd., a manufacturer of telecommunications equipment.
— atuart davia photo
OOPS WRONG DIMENSION said mystified photog when transported to entropy duct somewhere on UBC campus. Shift in reality was caused by high-energy vortices emanating from hole in the universe resulting from poor
cosmic workmanship. Other dimensional shifts are apt to occur anywhere at UBC but especially in large lecture
halls where sanity factor is reduced enough to cause serious spatio-temporal shifts.
Playwright wants passion
Some playwrights set out to be
controversial but Quebec feminist
playwright Denise Boucher told a
UBC audience Tuesday she was
"surprised" by the reaction that her
play "Les Fees ont soif" received.
Speaking in French to an audience of about 80 students and
faculty in Buchanan Tuesday,
Boucher said that she was even at-
Anti-gay instructor resigns
WINNIPEG — Dave Dueck, the University of Winnipeg collegiate teacher who recently asked a student
to leave his class because the student was homosexual,
has resigned from his teaching position.
Dean of collegiate John Vanderstoel cited
"philosophical incompatibility" as the reason for
Dueck's resignation and denied the recent controversy
surrounding the homosexual student incident had been
a major influence in Dueck's decision.
"This has been an ongoing thing," Vanderstoel
said, "Mr. Dueck has never been comfortable with the
collegiate's secular policy, and feels that he can not
continue as it stands now. The gay incident was a
regretable error by Dueck, but it is not the reason
behind his leaving."
Two weeks ago Dueck asked the leader of the U of
W gay students' association, Greg Cymenko, to leave
the classroom where Dueck had a guest lecturer speaking.
"I was trying to protect the guest lecturer," Dueck
said. "I felt that if Greg, who is gay, sat beside the lecturer, the class might think that he too was homosexual. I didn't think it would be fair to the lecturer."
After the incident was reported in The Ubyssey the
Gay People of UBC wrote a letter to Vanderstoel
demanding action be taken against Dueck's
"thoroughly inappropriate actions," and "his subsequent uniformed and blatantly prejudiced
Vanderstoel said, prior to Dueck's resignation, he
met with members of the faculty to determine what
course of action would be taken with Dueck.
"They were shocked," Vanderstoel said. "It hit
pretty close to home when one of your peers does
something stupid like that."
Vanderstoel would not say what faculty decided to
do about Dueck.
Dueck insists the incident involving the homosexual
student was not discriminatory. "The student was not
a regular member of my class. As an instructor I felt it
would be in the best interests of my class if the student
left. This is not a case of discrimination."
The student in question was originally asked by
Dueck to bring the guest lecturer to class and to speak.
When the lecturer came Cymenko was then asked to
leave. Dueck admits Cymenko was asked to leae
because he was homosexual.
Vanderstoel said Dueck will remain on the payroll
until August but will not teach.
Dueck has taught math and film studies at the collegiate since 1967.
tacked for the vulgar language in
the play, which shocked audiences
as Les Fees depicts the Virgin Mary
unsympathetically. But in the
course of the play the three actresses onstage change roles frequently, playing men in brief
scenes. "Every time there's a dirty
word it's a man who's speaking,"
she said.
Boucher is in Vancouver to be on
hand for the production of Les Fees
at the Centre Culturel Columbien.
When it was first presented in Montreal in 1978 its publication was
temporarily banned and the Montreal Arts Council refused to subsidize production costs. The case
gave rise to the re-emergence of
Quebec traditionalists and made national headlines.
She laughed when she was
described by French professor
Francoise Iqbal as the sorceress of
Quebec literature. "The distiny of
women is tragic. Many people
laughed when they saw my play, but
afterwards no one remembered
laughing." The title of the play was
taken from a bar room cliche in
French, she said, that goes "Please
give me some more scotch, the
fairies are thirsty."
"Every time man creates a god he
creates a virgin-woman, too. All
women are supposed to be virgins.
Society is stifled by religion. I am
for passionate love, and passionate
love is forbidden for women by
men," Boucher said. She named
other cultures that created the cult
of the virgin, including native Indians, Buddhists, and Aztecs. Her
next play will be about Jezebel, who
in the Bible is killed in order to set
up a father-god, she said.
Boucher also read a poem called
Love is Forbidden by Fascism,
which she said is a favored theme of
hers. She cited Yoko Ono as an example, who was condemned by the
French magazine Nouvel Obser-
vateur as a vampire for the nature
of her relationship with John Lennon.
She said she felt that Quebec
society was not much different since
the Quiet Revolution of the 1960s,
but that younger women will be
more liberated than the rest.
"Liberation, it's the beginnin of the
world. Look for the word woman in
the dictionary 20 years ago, 10 years
ago, and now."
Asked why she dedicated Les
Fees to the late Rose Rose, mother
of convicted FLQ terrorist Jacques
Rose, Boucher said that during the
1970 October crisis Rose considered
it a peak of achievement to be put in
prison. "She was still capable of insulting (the guards). She was a
woman who knew what to do in the
emergency. She had such strength,
such terrible strength."
On the political scene Boucher
said there is a "sort of great
sadness" in Quebec after the defeat
of the referendum last May. She
also fears the popularity of Claude
Ryan and the movement toward the
revival of the extreme right. "With
Ryan and the Liberals, it (this
possibility) is clear."


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