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The Ubyssey Oct 23, 1980

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Array Women one step closer
By VERNE McDONALD
The Alma Mater Society
women's committee took one more
step toward receiving the budget it
originally asked for at Wednesday's
meeting of student council.
After voting two weeks ago to
overturn the AMS budget committee's decision to refuse the women's
committee  its  request  for  about
$6,000, council passed a motion approving the budget and recommending the budget committee pass it
by the necessary two-thirds majority.
Council discussed the women's
committee budget for an hour
before voting to recommend it be
accepted by the budget committee.
Science representative Janice Mor
rison berated council for its hesitation.
"I'd like to question the ethics of
this council," said Morrison. "I
have visited and talked to women's
committees at three universities
where women have had trouble getting money. What do student councils have against women?"
Every member of the four budget
(THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LXHI. No. 19
Vancouver, B.C. Thursday, October 23,1980
°0m*4S      228-2301
3 uj m 3
what
Bmmm
ms was
— stusrt dsvls photo
BEAUTIFUL EYES are result of specialized treatment from machine set up by nurses in SUB Wednesday. Subject on right began with lizard slits and was well on way to pretty peepers after administration of only 6,000 volts
by junior Ms. Eichmann at left. Don't miss T-Cup today at noon over at Mclnnes field beside SUB and
tomorrow's nursing dance will surely open your eyes, so be there or be square.
AAAS may rethink AOSC exit
By NANCY CAMPBELL
The Association of Student
Councils (AOSC) will set up a task
force to hear complaints from western universities, Allan Soltis, Alma
Mater Society external affairs coordinator, said Wednesday. As a result, the AMS may reconsider its
decision to withdraw from AOSC.
The task force's creation came
after delegates from six universities,
including UBC, stormed out of the
final plenary session of the AOSC
conference held in Winnipeg last
weekend.
The task force is expected on
campus within two weeks, Soltis
said.
"It's a hell of a good idea," he
said. "It will offer a chance for a
proper perspective of the issues and
get us (the AMS executive) off the
emotional level."
The formation of the task force
may cause AMS president Bruce
Armstrong to reconsider his decision to recommend to student council that UBC withdraw from AOSC,
said Soltis.
AOSC and the National Union of
Students, which have been affiliated since 1977, both passed motions
at their joint conference which called for a complete merger of the two
organizations within four years.
The decision to withdraw was
made "because freedom of choice
has been violated," Armstrong said
Monday.
The five delegates from UBC
were against the concept of legislating members of AOSC and NUS,
who are not members of both organizations, to commit themselves
to a referendum to join the other.
According to Armstrong, if these
referendums fail, or are not held,
then student councils will be expelled.
Armstrong wants to retain the
freedom of choice to join either the
political or service side of the new
student organization which will be
formed as a result of the merger.
Should council accept Armstrong's recommendation and withdraw from AOSC, the Canadian
Universities Travel Service office in
SUB could be affected.
CUTS is a subsidiary organization of AOSC.
"Withdrawal from AOSC could
mean AOSC type programs offered
by CUTS such as the international
student identity card and student
work abroad programs would not
be offered to UBC students should
AOSC members decide not to provide these programs to non-members," said CUTS manager Trenor
See page 2: TAKEN
committee members present at the
meeting voted against the motion,
speaking against it on the grounds it
interfered in the committee's
decision-making process.
"I interpret that motion as telling
me the way I should vote (on the
budget committee)," said nursing
representative Doris Wong. "I
should be recognized as having the
responsibility to be accountable as a
member of a committee."
Spokesperson for the women's
committee Sally Brisebois presented
to council arguments against the
budget committee's original recommendation, which had expressed
doubt as whether the women's committee was serving women on campus, whether it was representative
of women on campus and whether
the committee was providing services already provided by other
AMS organizations.
Brisebois told council more than
900 students had signed a petition
demanding the women's committee
receive the funds it had asked for
and cited 14 letters of support from
various organizations.
The $808 alloted by the budget
committee is hopelessly inadequate,
said Brisebois. "Of that $808, there
is only $250 left," she said.
Budget committee members said
they agreed with the women's committee being given a larger budget
but disagreed with some items in the
budget as well as resenting the action of council.
"I don't believe $800 is enough
but I have problems with the whole
amount," said engineering
representative Don Erinholtz. He
expressed doubt the allotment for
speakers in the women's committee
budget was justified.
The weekly speakers the women's
committee brings to campus could
be gotten for free, he suggested,
and added it was not necessary to
budget $2,000 for a major speaker.
"If they bring in a major
speaker, I feel they should be confident enough in that speaker that
they would draw enough to subsidize a major portion of the cost
and wouldn't need a large subsidy
for it," Erinholtz said.
AMS vice president Marlea
Haugen, who chairs the budget
committee, condemned the
council's action. "I don't feel it's
the council's business to instruct the
budget committee how to vote,"
she said. "They appoint the budget
committee and they should decide
at that time what kind of people
they should have on that committee."
Death prompts
housing queries
OTTAWA (CUP) — The death
of a student Oct. 17 has prompted a
B.C. MP to question the federal
government on funding for sufficient student housing in this province.
Edward Murray Blackmore, who
attended Camosun College in Victoria, was asphyxiated in his van
when he left a propane stove burning for warmth.
Svend Robinson (NDP-Burnaby)
asked Paul Cosgrove, the minister
responsible for Central Mortgage
and Housing Corporation, what the
government is doing about the critical housing shortage.
"When is the minister going to
accept some responsibility on
behalf of the government for the
very serious shortage of student
housing for university, college and
vocational school students?" he
said.
"How many other students, poor
people and senior citizens are living
in vans or worse due to the government's policies?" he added.
George Pedersen, president of
Simon Fraser University, also wrote
to Cosgrove in August, calling the
government's position regarding
help for student housing "shocking" and "shortsighted."
"If university presidents are making statements like that, the situa
tion must clearly be out of hand,"
said Robinson.
Cosgrove, in response to Pedersen, said, "students are only one
group among many who require
housing support. Other target
groups such as low-income families
and senior citizens have housing
needs that are, if anything, more
pressing and longer-term."
Cosgrove and Pat McGeer, minister of universities in B.C., refused
to provide further housing funds.
Pederson pointed out the economic and social implications of investments in university education
and added, "students simply cannot attend university if they have no
accommodation available at a price
they can afford."
This year an estimated 10,000
B.C. students had difficulty finding
accommodations and were forced
to temporarily live in tents, army
barracks and trailers.
Robinson said many people believe the problem has eased because
many of the emergency measures
have been abandoned. However, he
said, many students have left school
because of the problems or are
doubling up in crowded apartments.
Students in Waterloo, Calgary,
Edmonton and Ottawa also had
trouble finding off- and on-campus
accommodations this year.
B.C. college fees could zoom
A ministry of education proposal for equity between
provincial institutes and colleges could result in
dramatic tuition fee increases across the province if it
is implemented.
Students at Capilano College face an increase of up
to 83 per cent under the new formula.
The college board approved the formula in principle
Tuesday but also requested a change which would
result in a smaller tuition increase of 41 per cent.
Currently tuition fees vary between institutions. As
a result, the percentage of operating revenue generated
by each institute differs widely and in order to bring
revenue up to a budgeted level, the province has funded a balancing grant, Capilano College principal Paul
Gallagher said Wednesday.
The proposal intends to equalize the grants across
the province. But colleges which receive a lower balancing grant in the future will have to increase their
revenues, which will result in a tuition increase in most
cases.
"Students should pay a percentage of their education costs," Gallagher said. "That is fairly well accepted now. The proposal takes that one step further
and introduces equity between all institutions and ensures equilization of tax payer subsidization rather
than fees, which is left up to the colleges."
The Capilano College board will ask the ministry to
exclude provincial institutes (such as BCIT and PVI)
from the formula, which is based on "student contact
hours," (actual hours of instruction). It has also asked
that average classroom size be taken into account.
If class sizes were not taken into account, colleges
with a larger than average size would receive a lower
per capita subsidy.
Provincial institutes should be excluded because
they already receive a much higher fee revenue per
capita than colleges and will increase the average
revenue each college is expected to generate under the
new formula, Capilano College spokesperson Bill Little said Wednesday. Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23,1980
Taken to task
From page 1
Tilley. "I don't think that would
happen but it's possible."
"As far as the day-to-day operation is concerned, there may be
minor effects, at least in the short
term," he said Wednesday.
Tilley feels that the AMS executive may be making a hasty decision.
The B.C. Students Federation is
concerned about the decision to
first leave the plenary session and
then withdraw from AOSC.
"There's no reason why (the
AMS) can't continue to be a member of AOSC," BCSF spokesperson
Steve Shallhorn said Wednesday.
"AOSC is no different in the way
the organization is run this week
(after the conference) from last
week."
"I really do think it is a hasty de
cision," he said. "I know the
AOSC board of directors is taking a
conciliatory approach and hopes to
continue to work with UBC as
members."
"Even if (the AMS) has problems
with the organization right now,
they should continue to work with
the restructuring process for the
benefit of students at UBC," NUS
central committee member Jean
Kirk said Wednesday.
Delegates from the universities of
Western Ontario, Manitoba, Victoria and Calgary, as well as UBC,
stormed out after two motions of
censure were introduced.
The task force will discuss the
censures and other problems with
the organization, as well as the legal
aspects of the merger between NUS
and AOSC.
Think you've hit the bottom? That there's nothing mote
degenerate than whet you're already doing? Wed my friend,
you're wrong. You obviously haven't heard of The Ubyssey's
photo department, the cesspool of humanity; the den of
degradation, the end of the line. If you can debauch yourself
while taking excellent, crisp, informative, high contrast
photos, you can join up. In room 241K of SUB any Monday,
Wednesday of Thursday afternoon.
Talks resume
Contract negotiations between
UBC's administration and the
Teaching Assistants Union will resume next week with a mediator appointed by the provincial government Monday.
"It's a good thing that a mediator's been appointed," said union
treasurer Pete Fryer. "This is an
important development. Negotiations had been really slowing down
and hopefully it (the appointment)
will get things moving."
"It's the only thing that will get
things moving at this point," he added.
Negotiations between the two
sides broke off earlier this month
and the union called for a mediator
because "the two sides (were) too
far apart for talks to continue," a
union spokesperson said Monday.
Robin Visel said the university refused to even consider issues regarding sexual harassment, freedom
of opinion for employees, medical
and dental benefits, and a "modified union shop." The unio;. is also
seeking a wage increase which
would attain parity between departments and levels of experience, and
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would allow TAs to live above the
poverty line.
Fryer said negotiations will probably be settled soon.
"I have the feeling that both sides
want to sign a contract," he said.
UBC's director of employee relations could not be reached for comment.
Southern Comfort. Enjoy it straight up, on the rocks,
or blended with your favourite mixer.
The unique taste
of Southern Comfort
enjoyed for over 125 years.
THEATRE DEPARTMENT
Auditions * Auditions
for
THE RIVALS
by Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Directed by John Brockington
Open to all UBC Students, Faculty and Staff
Monday, October 27 — 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Tuesday, October 28 — 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Wednesday, October 29 — 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Thursday, October 30 — 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Friday, October 31 — 12:30-2:30 p.m.
All Auditions in Room 206, Frederic Wood Theatre
Auditions * Auditions
rd
hair studio inc.
Make an appointment today
and give your head a rest.
224-1922
224-9116 Thursday, October 23,1980
THE   UBYSSEY
Page 3
Newfoundland news
Student street battle victorious
ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CUP) —
The blockade of a Memorial University of Newfoundland road ended Tuesday when the provincial
government promised to construct
permanent crossing facilities on the
parkway which recently claimed the
life of a student.
Judy Ford was killed Oct. 17 on a
pedestrian crosswalk on her way to
class. More than 2,000 students set
up barricades on the parkway,
which runs through the campus, demanding that an overhead skywalk
*    M |j-V
*
—stuart dsvis photo
MYSTERIOUS APPEARANCE of soccer ball interupted slapping contest taking place at Mclnnis field Thursday. Final showdown by champion UBC slappers had just begun when ball thrown by bored spectator landed
precisely between two contestants. Showdown was postponed indefinitely because "our concentration was
totally destroyed," as one slapper put it. Judges threatened closure of contest altogether if fan's attitudes do not
improve.
Vandals fight animal abuse
Opponents of the use of research
animals by UBC scientists vandalized the animal care centre early
Monday, spray painting slogans
and damaging two vans.
Damage may run as high as
$1,500, said a UBC spokesperson
Wednesday. Four truck tires were
slashed, sugar was poured in a gas
tank, anti-vivisection slogans were
sprayed on two buildings, and a
wire fence was cut to enter the
animal care area.
"I think they (the anti-vivisec-
tionists) are ill advised to resort to
this type of action," - said Al
Hunter.
But the actions received the immediate approval of the Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society
(ADAV).
"Abuse of animals has been going on for years and the vandalism
was a positive action against this,"
ADAV president Peter Hamilton
said Wednesday.
"In the hearts of the people who
did this, it was a sincere action," he
said.
But Hunter disagreed. "Nothing
anonymous is courageous," he
said.
The vandalism was not organized
by ADAV and the society does not
know who participated, Hamilton
said.
Hunter suspects the vandalism
was brought about by a recent decision by the Chilliwack city council
to continue to send unclaimed dogs
from the city pound to UBC for
short term or "terminal" research.
The council on Oct. 14 instructed
the poundkeeper to hold dogs for
four days before turning them over
to UBC. The decision came after a
controversial public forum.
But ADAV is currently trying to
overturn the decision. It is investigating the legality of the move and
the possibility of challenging it in
court.
"I think the use of animals for
medical experiments is essential,"
said Hunter. "Nobody likes it but it
has to be done."
But Hamilton disagrees. "These
people (UBC researchers) do not
respect any life," he said. "Animals
are not needed for research. People
are eventually experimented on anyway."
be constructed to end the dangerous
conditions.
Newfoundland Premier Brian
Peckford said Tuesday the provincial government would pay 75 per
cent of the $1.5 million cost of constructing two skywalks and installing traffic activated lights on the
parkway. The university and the city of St. John's will share the remainder of the costs.
The demonstrators are currently
negotiating with the university to
ensure that no one who took part in
the blockade will be penalized
academically.
Construction on the skywalks
will begin in six months and the
traffic lights will be installed next
month.
Fences were put on the median of
the parkway Wednesday to prevent
jaywalking. The speed limit on the
parkway has been reduced to 30
kilometres, police patrols will be increased and warning signs will be
placed on the parkway.
The government has also agreed
to establish additional security
measures in a tunnel under the
parkway, used infrequently because
of poor lighting.
Joe Greene, president of the
Memorial student council, said he is
pleased with the results. He said it
was an unanimous decision to end
the blockade.
The protest was supported by the
National Union of Students, the
Association of Student Councils,
Ford's parents, and many Newfoundland colleges and high
schools.
Jealousy caused
ethnic tensions
Jealousy was the root of the intense 19th century conflict between
Ukrainian peasants and Jews in
eastern Galicia, John-Paul Himka,
a University of Alberta professor,
said Tuesday.
Himka, speaking in Buch. 212,
said Galicia was so poverty stricken
that competition for scarce resources was desperate. Though the
Jews were as poor, if not poorer
than the Ukrainian villagers, they
were perceived as wealthy because
they were politically forced into
trading and commerce.
"A great deal of conflict comes
from each wanting to break out of
their occupational warp," he said.
Many Ukrainians wanted to become shopkeepers and many Jews
wanted to become farmers but there
was no economic growth to
facilitate this.    *
Himka said his information is
based on a study of Ukrainian peasants after emancipation from serfdom with an analysis of 325 letters
sent to 19th century newspapers.
The Jews, excluded by law from
owning land, tended to dominate
areas of trade and industry, he added. They became bankers, shopkeepers,- merchants and tavern-
keepers, and 95 per cent of the
Ukrainian farmers' contact with the
Jews was primarily financial.
The peasants had wealth in the
V1     . iVJ-.-^W^ v
form of land and the Jews had
money, making them seem richer,
he said. Since money was just beginning to replace the barter system
many items had to be paid for with
money rather than exchanging agricultural produce, making the Jews
seem rich, he added.
But in fact the Jewish shopkeepers seldom had much inventory and
most of their profits, especially in
their taverns, went to the Polish
nobility, he said.
According to Himka, the tavern
was the focal point for activity in
the Galician village and it was one
service rented to the Jews by the
land-owning nobility.
"Many complained in my letters
that Jews grew rich ... on the
drunkenness of the peasants," said
Himka. Priests, worried about alcoholism, started temperance movements aimed against the Jews, he
added.
Jews were also criticized for being
too influential with local governments as their taverns often served
as town meeting halls, but these
misconceptions stemmed from lack
of contact between the two groups,
he said.
"The essence of the conflict was
socio-economic," he said, adding
that within this climate of antagonism there were no incidents of
violence.
Protesters paste
poster on city hall
Canadian University Press
To the joking, laughing throng that surrounded Vancouver City Hall
with a massive poster it was a fine piece of civil disobedience.
To the three policemen on duty, it was a humorous interlude in an otherwise quiet day.
Yet, to city council, the postering represents an unacceptable action with
a penalty of up to $2,000 or three months in jail.
There were no arrests Tuesday as about 75 protestors unravelled a 1,100
foot roll of brown paper scrawled with slogans. They wrapped the entire
poster around city hall in 20 minutes of joyous unfurling and taping, finally
encircling the grey building with a strip reading, "You can fight city hall."
The protest, billed as "the return of the poster people," was held to bring attention to bookstore owner Don Stewart's court case, scheduled to be
heard before B.C. Supreme Court on Nov. 7. Stewart was ticketed after
purposely placing posters on public property such as light standards to
force the bylaw to a test case.
It has cost opponents of the bylaw almost $3,000 so far to print posters
and take the matter to court, Stewart said.
More than 80 groups have announced their support for the campaign, including trade unions, theatre companies and other cultural groups. Stewart
told one stunned reporter that her union, the newspaper guild, is backing
the campaign.
Opponents say council's action, opposed only by Aid. Darlene Marzari
who is not seeking re-election, will prevent community groups lacking
funds for newspaper or billboard advertising from publicizing their activities.
Council members have argued that the posters are unsightly and cost the
city too much to remove from light standards and other fixtures. Page 4
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23,1980
Why women?
"What do student councils have against women?"
What indeed. The question was eloquently posed at the student council
meeting Wednesday night by science representative Janice Morrison
towards the conclusion of a lengthy debate on allocating the UBC
women's committee a decent budget, instead of the paltry $800 they had
been thrown by the budget committee.
Morrison asked the question not rhetorically or sarcastically but in the
hopes of getting a straight answer. It was not forthcoming, even though
council finally did the "right" thing and directed the budget committee to
get smart.
But the fact that council gave representatives of the women's committee
a harder time than heretics could expect in front of the Spanish Inquisition
deserves some serious thought.
Morrison brought up the question after telling council that she had
recently spoken to women's committees at three other campuses.
Strangely enough they had also run into great difficulty getting funds from
their councils.
Why?
Why did the UBC women's committee get their budget severely slashed
during the summer months when students weren't on campus? Why was
the budget committee so adamantly opposed to granting them a respectable amount of money so they could offer services that are greatly needed
to women on campus?
Why did it take nearly 1,000 people signing a petition opposing the funding cutback to make some council members sit up and think? Why did 14
different groups and individuals feel so convinced that unless they showed
their strong support for the women's committee, in the form of letters to
student council, the committee might be penniless and ineffective?
Why did several council members find it necessary to literally pick apart
the proposed women's committee budget item by picky item before voting
to give guidance to the misdirected budget committee?
Perhaps most frightening, why did most of the budget committee
members vote against the motion supporting women's committee funding?
And why is this just a replay of scenes going on across this country?
Why are women's centres and women's committees singled out for this
treatment?
Those add up to a lot of questions with no easy answers. But anyone
who denies that the women's committee here didn't have to go to hell and
back just because of a simple request for decent funding is a liar. Anyone
who attempts to claim that the women's committee has been treated exactly like any other service group or club or society is attempting to avoid
facing the facts: and those facts are quite clear.
Certain council members do not like the women's committee. That
much is very obvious. Some of them may disguise that dislike by referring
to financial responsibility, due process, fear of setting precedents or
whatever other excuse is convenient. But the illusions can never last long.
We don't pretend to know why some people (and of course it's not just
some council members who are afflicted) are so opposed to the women's
committee. Maybe it's their opposition to the uncompromising stand the
committee takes against sexism. Perhaps they believe women should be
seen and not heard.
It could be the idea of women getting together and organizing on issues
of concern simply frightens them. Any number of stands the women's
committee takes or services it offers may be the reason.
No one can ever pinpoint all the causes. But the effects are always un-
mistakeable. The women's committee and those who gave their support
are to be congratulated. Council can be glad that it has at last made itself
decisively heard on the issue.
But no one should be happy about the way the women's committee has
been treated. And everyone should be asking themselves why.
THE UBYSSEY
October 23, 1980
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in
room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Verne McDonald
Varna McDonald waa dearly out of commaMJon. A committee of fallow brown baggara waa form-
ad to deal with tha bubbly editor, aa ha waa called by Stava McClure. BM Tialaman, fond of papar cupping himaerf, auggaatad Glan Sanford do a aurvey of McDonatd'a popularity and ahow the reeutta to
Eric Eggartaon in an attempt to atop him from liquifying Na aeeeta. Nancy Campbell caked for a royal
commieeion of inquiry Into editorial inebriation but Jo-Anne Falkiner, who wee under the table,
declared that a taek force would be more appropriate. Julie Wheelwright thought an ad hoc committee
might find the right aolutlon but Stuart Davie aaid a people'• front againat imbibing Imbedae wee better. Janet MecArthur apoke In favor of a working group but Gena Long had the laat word. "Let'a etart a
McDonald De-commiaaioning Alliance," he told the cheering throng.
■pjppa
Lettars
What a deal! Slavery, inhumanity,
degradation are yours for the asking
Have I got a deal for males on
campus. Picture yourself on a Saturday afternoon, relaxing in front
of the television, sipping on a cool
brown one. The lawn needs to be
cut and the house needs to be painted. Why deprive yourself of much
deserved relaxation time? You
could simply call for a woman.
That's right, a woman. Someone
to do the cooking, scrub the floors,
wash the dishes and clean the
house, allowing her to display all
her natural talents and obvious design purpose.
Look around the campus, gentlemen; what I offer you is a chance to
own one for yourself. The way it is
supposed to be.
Women are a commodity like any
other commodity. To me women
are cattle, to be herded and bred by
whosoever chooses.
Gentlemen — the advantages:
women require almost no attention
Gosh golly
If Ladies' Night is one of the results of an $80,000 investment in
the Pit, we're all for it! Free veggies
and dip, hot hors d'oeuvres, cheap
beer, door prizes and enthusiastic
contestants provided a welcome alternative to a regular Pit night.
All the ladies (?!) had a great time
and would love to see more (of the
men and Ladies' Nights) in the
future.
Sandra Patterson
Robyn Stewart
commerce 1
and not only clean their own mess,
but clean up after you. They speak
only when spoken to and never,
never offer any advice. I offer women the way God intended them to
be. Truly — the second class
citizen.
You have it right — a woman
who keeps her place in society and
works always at pleasing her man.
We have them in all three convenient sizes, depending on your personal preference.
Robert Johnson
commerce 2
Try replacing the word
"woman" with "black," "Oriental" or "commerce student" in the
above letter and tell us if it's still
funny, Robert.—The Ubyssey
staff.
Politicians ignore taxpayers' wishes
Our group is making a wholehearted effort to reach as many of
the citizens of Vancouver as time
and our resources at this late date
will allow. Will you with your large
group of readers offer us some assistance by printing this letter, to
stimulate citizen participation in an
issue that we consider crucial at this
time?
It is of the utmost importance
that every citizen who is entitled to
vote, do so, because they are entitled to know just what, where and
why with regard to details of the
proposed monstrosity which is to be
erected on Pier B-C. A project,
which once constructed will be with
us for a long, long time, accompanied by its cost.
With the awareness of the entire
business community's interest in
tourism, and our own native pride
in Vancouver, what do you tell the
thousands of tourists who arrive by
cruise ship and are impressed by our
natural harbor and then when passing through the first narrows finds
another skyline which is a copy of
all the seaports of our neighbor to
the south, plus two more high rises
on a pier built out of the waterfront
... a good old Canadian effort for
the '80s. . . and we can barely wait
to "pick up the tab."
Why do we normal, intelligent
citizens permit politicians to approve plans for the most desirable
site in the world ... the same politicians who have decided not to
open the doors, the main doors to
the new art gallery to the public
(taxpayers) who also "picked up
this tab!"
We have got accustomed to pay
ing taxes towards "vandalism." Do
we also have to pay for "desecration?" For what it is worth ... revive a Montreal citizen and whisper
Olympic Stadium . . . $120 million
to $1.6 billion! Can you imagine
what municipal services have to be
revised and cut to make up this
deficit?
We have no quarrel with the original concept.
Committee of Concerned
Citizens of Vancouver
'Liberators' often racists
According to Hardial Bains,
chairman of the Communist Party
of Canada, racism is perpetrated
only by the "capitalistic rich";
communists, on the other hand,
who are antithetical to racism, are
the saviors of oppressed peoples
such as the Canadian Indians.
Communists in the Soviet Union
also condemn the Canadian government for discriminating against
native Indians and destroying their
culture. Yet these same communists
do not allow nationalities other
than Russian (to use Bain's phrase)
"to practice their culture in their
own way."
The Ukrainian culture is one of
Can only God forgive?
I am presently confined at the
Ossining Correctional facility, and I
would be very grateful if I could
perhaps establish a correspondence
with anyone wishing to do so.
Please understand — just because
I'm in prison — doesn't necessarily
mean I'm a criminal.
We all can make a mistake
because imperfection is due to
anyone who's not perfect.
But nothing can really change a
particular situation — unless there's
a will to do so.
Is God the only one who
forgives?
I hope it hasn't been accounted
presumptuous if a man of low and
humble station, has ventured to
have a friend.
Alphonso Hayes 74-A-232
Ossining Correctional Facility
354 Hunter Street
Ossining, New York, 10562
U.S.A.
several which is gradually becoming
extinct; while children in the Ukrainian S.S.R. of the 1930's spent two
hours a day studying Russian, today they study Russian only. Ukrainian university graduates cannot get
jobs in Ukrainian cities — their
places are taken by Russians, and
the 'natives' are sent to work in
remote areas of the Soviet Union.
Canadians often forget that
although we are free to criticize
communists and capitalists alike,
this freedom is not snared by those
who live under the rule of communist 'liberators.'
N. Hryciuk
arts 4
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Especially those who type their
letters, triple-spaced, on a 70 space
typewriter line, because these are
the people who are most likely to
see their letters printed sometime
before next Durin's Day eve.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity, legality and taste.
Neatness counts. Thursday, October 23,1980
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 5
Letters
Ui a-
Pornography reinforces domination, patriarchy
Talked to any inflatable dolls lately, Kurt?
Did they tell you you were great? Presumably
so, since you appear perfectly comfortable
and at ease relating to women as sex objects.
As evidenced in your letter of Oct. 16, you
clearly do not understand the relationship
between pornography and violence against
women. In your view, pornography is useful
to relieve the "bitter reality of male sexual
frustrations." But you completely ignore its
negative depictor of women as playthings to
enhance men's power motives in the
dominant/passive portrayal of the sexes.
The feminist analysis of pornography as
presented in the videotape of Women In
Focus clearly establishes pornography as a
dangerous tool to perpetuate male
dominance over women. Pornography deals
not with "real" women, but an image of
what man would like women to be under
male control.
In the pages of pornography, women exist
to titillate, excite, enchant and stimulate men
in glorious fantasized seduction scenarios.
The women are not real people, but objects
of male desire in male-constructed settings.
Women in pornography serve as positive
reinforcement for men's sexual exploits.
Unlike real women, glossy pin-ups are
unable to threaten, question or intimidate
male self-worth, potency or sexual performance. They are penis worshipers, plain and
simple. With such a cozy set-up, how can
men complain?
You, Kurt never address the role of women
in pornography; your sole concern is with the
poor, suffering men who are left to cope in
the "lonely wasteland of sexual
deprivation." How does their use of pornography affect women in reality? Simple:
• it induces men to believe they have the
supreme right to demand sexual privileges
and sexual acts of women;
• it reinforces the concept that men have
a natural right to control and take a woman's
body.
Rape is the ultimate glorification of this power
and pornography equips men with all the neces
sary ammunition to reach this pinnacle of the
penis. Rape is a conquest available to all men in
society. In Canada alone, a woman is raped every
17 minutes. One in four women will be sexually assaulted in her lifetime.
In the pages of porn, men strip, batter,
assault, beat, wound, torture and deface
women without blame. After all, their
women victims submit with willing and satisfying smiles of ecstasy to cruel but passionate
advances. By no means should similar brutal
relationships between the sexes occur in reality, and yet pornography legitimizes such
behaviour.
If you are receptive to women's desires as
people, then sex is NOT just "a human pursuit totally exempt from any rules of etiquette."
So your blithe statement that pornography
"demonstrably   increases   the   amount   of
pleasure in the world without doing any
harm" is a blatant example of the oppressive
male perspective — the world is receptive only to his needs and concerns of or threats to
women are incidental.
In turn, your letter completely ignores any
active sexual nature in women. For you,
women are conscious beings who deliberately
choose to be passive just to make life
miserable for men (you state that this "seems
a fact of nature"). Hence, men are left only
to fantasize because real women, are "disappointingly unavailable."
Do you sincerely believe in such a female
conspiracy against men's struggling sexuality? The onus lies not on women to nurture,
coddle and praise men out of possible sexual
insecurities; men must learn to seek their sexual identities without blaming women for
personal failures.
Women do not choose their role of the oppressed in society. Their role, which you
define as passive, is not a fact of nature, but a
result of cultural conditioning. So don't condemn women for what a patriarchy demands
of them. Many women within the feminist
community are actively attempting to change
the historical role of women, to erase female
passivity and achieve equality of the sexes.
We are asking one question — that you encourage and support our struggle to gain
equality and acknowledge our value and
rights as women, as people. We are not objects, so as a male, don't define our role for
us.
Examine your concept of womanhood and
investigate how it might be hampering your
relationships with women in reality. Don't
preach from a pedestal that instead, men
must "talk sense into female minds."
Women in the bush are good for more than
"camp morale." They deserve more than to
be the brunt of continuous sexist jokes. They
are active participants in the work force and
men should recognize them as the "real"
women, not the air-brushed bodies with mute
voices plastered on the walls of washrooms
and logging camp walls.
When there is only you, and a picture of an
alluring naked woman on the wall, her legs
open, her pudenda exposed, it must be made
clear to one and all in the camp who the
"real" unavailable women are and are not.
So Kurt, you should not be telling a
woman in a bush camp that she is in any way
identifiable with that picture on the wall.
Women urge you to separate you fantasies
from reality. And they urge you to consider
your notion of "sexuality" in men and
women.
The connection between violence against
women, human sexuality and pornography is
not a "vague concept," but an immediate
threat to all women.
As long as men exist and abuse their power
as men, women's lives are in danger.
Heather Conn
arts 4 Page 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23,1980
'Tween classes
TODAY
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Several volunteer positions are still open for
those interested, all week, noon, SUB 235.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
General meeting, noon. International House
lounge.
WOMEN'S STUDIES PROGRAM
Dr. Marion Lowe of Boston University speaks on
"interactions between culture and biology,"
noon, Buch. 202.
PRE-DENTAL SOCIETY
General meeting and information on Canadian
dental schools, all members please attend, noon,
IRC-4.
LSLAP
Free legal advice from UBC law students, noon
to 2 p.m., SUB 111.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Gay academic speaker series: professor Bill
Black speaks on Gays and the law, noon, SUB
207.
B.C. MENTAL RETARDATION INSTITUTE
Second in the film series Sharing the experience
entitled Peter, noon, IRC-6.
UNIVERSITY LECTURES COMMITTEE
Dr. Catherine Snow, school of education at Harvard, speaks on Why are children such poor second language learners? noon, Buch. 100.
INTERVARSITY CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Refocus and reflection, noon, Chem. 250.
HISTORY DEPARTMENT
Asuncion Lavrin of Harvard speaks on Women in
modern Latin America, 3:30 p.m., Buch. penthouse.
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Stammtisch. German conversational evening,
7:30 .m.. International House.
BAHA'I CLUB
United Nations Day dance. $1.50 at door for
UNICEF, 8 p.m.. International House.
FRIDAY
TROTSKYIST LEAGUE CLUB
Marxist literature/discussion: Fascist terror explodes in Europe: smash Hitler's heirs!" 11:30
a.m., SUB main concourse.
AMNESTY UBC
Film: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, $1,
noon, SUB auditorium.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
General meeting, noon. International House
lounge.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
B.C. human rights officer Janet Sprout speaks
on sexual harassment, noon, SUB 130.
UBC WARGAMING SOCIETY
General meeting to elect new president and
games quartermaster, noon, SUB 212.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Business meeting, noon, SUB 115.
UNIVERSITY LECTURES COMMITTEE/
INSTITUTE OF ASIAN RESEARCH
Gerald Berreman, anthropology professor at
University of California, Berkeley, speaks on:
Social inequality; an anthropological perspective, noon, Anso 207.
CCCM
Bible study on themes of liberation, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre.
SLAVONIC CIRCLE
Bake sale of Slavic specialties, noon, SUB main
floor.
STUDENT LIBERALS
Senator Ray Perrault will discuss Canada's constitutional proposals, noon, SUB 207.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS CENTRE
TGIF, 2:40 p.m., meet at campus centre for gym
activities.
Happy hour, 4:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Oktoberfest, wear a costume if you can, $2, 8
p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Hot flashes
Women in
1. America
One aspect of the continuing
struggle against the oppressive
regimes of Latin America which has
been given little coverage, is the
role of women in Latin American
society.
Women, for example, fought
alongside men in the Nicaraguan
revolution and women's liberation
continues to be a priority in those
countries of Latin America
undergoing revolutionary change.
Which is why you, yes you,
should make an effort, being the intelligent, articulate and highly
motivated person that you are, to
attend a lecture entitled Women in
Modern Latin America at 3:30 p.m.
Thursday in Buchanan penthouse
given by Asuncion Lavrin, an
associate professor at Howard
University.
I* iff geneffic?
True or false: Anatomy is
destiny; women are destined to be
mothers, confined to the private
world of home and family. Men are
destined to be doers, thrusting out
into the unknown.
It's an old debate taking new
forms, which will be discussed
when Dr. Marion Lowe of Boston
University discusses Interactions
between culture and biology today
at noon in Buch. 202.
Lowe will discuss the proposition
that there is a biological gender program that determines social and
cultural development and the argument that cultural environment accounts for all observable differences between the sexes.
fff's off WAisfffer
Calling all ghosts, goblins and
gerbils.
Today is your last chance to sign
up for the UBC ski club Hallowe'en
party up at Whistler ski cabin where
the dark of night is perfect for doing
all those things you can't do in the
harsh light of day in the city.
It costs $6 for the return trip to
Whistler and you've got to have
your name down by this afternoon
in SUB 210. The party wiH be All
Saints' Day, Nov. 1, and graves will
be turning all over the world.
For more information call the ski
club at 228-6185. Get out in the
primeval forest and let go of all your
civilized inhibitions. You only live
once.
UNIVERSITY LECTURES COMMITTEE/
LINGUISTICS COLLOQUIA
Catharine Snow, from Harvard University's
school of education, speaks on: More about second language learning, 3:30 p.m., Buch. 2225.
ARTS UNDERGRADUATE SOCIETY
Free showing of the film The Cid with Charlton
Heston, 3:30 p.m., Buch. 106.
SUS
Beer garden, 4 p.m., SUB 207.
LATIN AMERICAN SOLIDARITY COMMITTEE
Benefit dance for medical aid to El Salvador with
dance Firebird, 8 p.m.. International House.
NURSING UNDERGRADUATE SOCIETY
Nursing week dance featuring September, 8
p.m. SUB ballroom. Tickets $3 from AMS box
office or nursing and engineering reps.
BLACK SOLIDARITY ASSOCIATION
Poems of protest featuring two noted black
poets, Kitsilano Neighborhood House, 2305 Vine
St.
SATURDAY
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Games night, 7:30 p.m.. Winter Sports Centre.
CSA
Saturday matinee entitled The Victory, 2 p.m.,
SUB auditorium.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Wine and cheese party, 7:30 p.m. check in SUB
237b for place.
FRIENDS OF THE ARMADILLO
General meeting in which hats must be worn,
8:30 p.m., SUB party room.
BLACK SOLIDARITY ASSOCIATION
Live reggae band Reconstruction, 8 p.m., Swedish community hall, 1320 E. Hastings St.
SUNDAY
UBC SPORTS CAR CLUB
Car rally and meeting, noon, SUB 211.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Soccer game between Chinese students association and Chinese varsity club, noon.
MONDAY
HISTORICAL DANCE SOCIETY
Renaissance dance class, noon, SUB 113.
PRE-MED SOCIETY
Dr. Taunton speaks on sports medicine, noon,
IRC 4.
WUSC
Film: Tanzania - the world is one looks at socialism in Tanzania, noon, Buch. 205.
TUESDAY
UBC SPORTS CAR CLUB
General meeting, films, 7:30 p.m., SUB 215.
EL CIRCULO
General meeting, noon, Buch. 218.
CCCM
Eucharist, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre.
WEDNESDAY
CCCM
Potluck supper followed by discussion, 5:30
p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
pilllUUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIllllUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIItllllllllllllllllllllllUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlL
I   THE HOT AIR SHOW   1
1 at THE PIT I
| First Quarter Finals |
1 for the Hot Air Show |
= with =
I    FOUR BANDS COMPETING    1
|    Monday, Oct. 27, 8:00 p.m.    |
TTi iiiiiiiiiitiiniiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiitiitiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiini m
Group
grope.
After the game, after the
. exam, after anything...
the group gropes better
at PJ. Burger & Sons. Home
of 15 classic burgers. And
other great stuff. 2966 W 4th
Ave. by Bayswater. Open
daily from 11:30a.m.
Void where prohibited by law.
CINEMAWEST Presents
Alfred Hitchcock's
"DIAL M FOR MURDER"
Wed., Oct. 22—8 p.m.
Thurs., Oct. 23 — 12:30 noon
$1.00
SUB Aud
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES: Campus - 3 lines. 1 day $1.50; additional lines, 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $3.30; additional lines
60c. Additional days $3.00 and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:00 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
SUBFILMS presents
October 23-26
Thurs., Sun. 7:00
Fri.. Sat. 7:00 & 9:30
SUB Aud
5 — Coming Events
66 — Scandals
UNITED NATIONS DAY DANCE. 8 p.m.,
Oct. 23rd, Thursday. International House.
$1.50 at door for UNICEF. Sponsored by
the Bahai Club.
UBC SKI CLUB Halloween Party Nov. 1
bus to Whistler. $6 return. Bring booze,
costume, food.
Improve Your Study
Habits Through
SELF HYPNOSIS
Fee: $35 for 3
$45 for 4
Mondays 6:15-7:30 p.m.
starting
Oct. 27 or Nov. 3
Blue Room, Arts 1 Bldg.
U.B.C. Campus
AMNESTY UBC
Presents
"One Flew Over
The Cuckoo's Nest
Friday, Oct. 24
SUB Auditorium $1.00
JESUS CHRIST - DEAD OR ALIVE?
Thurs. Oct. 30, 12:30
JESUS CHRIST - Can You Trust Him?
Fri. Oct. 31, 12:30
SPEAKER: Dr. Terry Winter
PLACE: Woodward Lecture Hall No. 2
The Age of the Earth —
Six Thousand of Six Billion Years?
SPEAKER: Christopher Chui
of Creation Science Assoc.
PLACE: Hebb Theatre
TIME: Mon. Nov., 3, 12:30
Sponsored by Campus Crusade for Christ
10 — For Sale — Commercial
NOW THAT YOU'RE HERE
ENJOY ("IT)
It gives the Acid Test
(Aspirants To Be)
Tomorrow's Productive Actors
Will Order "It" Today
"Curious" ("It")
From the Book Store
11 — For Sale — Private
1S71 PONTIAC Grndsaf stnwagon, loaded.
Many new parts, v. good condition. $1200.
224-9636. Ask for Scott.
SLINGERLAND DRUM SET. plus hard
cases, 5 pes. and cymbals, hvyduty equip.
$1100. 224-9836. Ask for Scott.
THE CORRUPT Arts Undergrad Society and
the notorious Committee for Medieval
Studies combine to waste students'
money. Free Film: "The Cid" with Charlton
Heston. Friday, Oct. 24 at 3:30 in Buch 106.
70 — Services
DRY CLEANING - ALTERATIONS: UBC
One Hour Martinizing. 2146 Western
Parkway, 228-9414 (in the Village). Reasonable rates. Student rates.
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
15 — Found
20 — Housing
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
36 - Lost
YEAR-ROUND EXPERT TYPING theses
and essays. 738-6829 from 10:00 a.m. to
9:00 p.m.
ESSAYS, theses, manuscripts, including
technical, equational, reports, letters,
resumes. Fast, accurate. Bilingual. Clemy,
266-6647.
FAST. EFFICIENT TYPING near campus.
266-5053.
EXPERT   TYPING.   Essays, term   papers,
factums   $0.85.   Theses, manuscripts,
letters,   resumes  $0.86-1-. Fast accurate
typing. 266-7710.
TYPING. $.80 per page. Fast and accurate. Experienced typist. Phone Gordon
873-8032.
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
IBM Selectric. Call 736-4042.
SMALL GOLD RING, square mauve stone
between Toronto and Westbrook, vicinity
Health Sciences. Call 224-6834 Jean.
LADIES SILVER SEIKO QUARTZ WATCH
with name, Krys, and date, 25/1/80,
engraved on back. Krys 533-2202. Reward.
Lost Oct. 9
90 - Wanted
40 — Messages
50 — Rentals
PRE 1967 VW BEETLE. Whole Car or just
Body. Ron 274-5326. Will pay cash.
WANTED TENNIS PARTNER/OPPONENT
for Saturdays/Sundays, intermediate level.
Call Jim, 738-3265.
MODERATELY   SEVERE   ASTHMATICS
for drug study. Remuneration $25/day
for six hours/day. Two days required.
Call Dr. George Block, 876-3211, ext.
3336. Thursday, October 23,1980
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 7
TA union doesn't represent all
This letter is in response to the
claims made by those people
representing the teaching assistants'
union in the letter columns and articles of your newspaper. Including
my present course involvement I've
been a course TA and/or marker
for five courses over the last few
years and am therefore one of those
that the union probably considers
as being part of its membership.
In many ways the TA union is
quite unique among such organizations. Most of its members work
less than twelve hours a week and
many will be eligible for membership for only two years. Many of
those who only a few months ago
had the opportunity to vote on the
unionization issue will now be
graduated.
The union has been putting out a
short list of some of the 'basic'
demands for a first contract and
making surprised comments when
the university refuses to negotiate
Let me examine some of the
demands of the union negotiating
committee:
(1) Medical-dental coverage:
This would be a very pleasant item
to receive but while dental plans are
frequently not present for
employees working full 40 hour
weeks it seems a bit excessive to demand it for a marker working only
a few hours per week. One must
remember that these benefits would
surely go to all members of the
union- and markers were quickly
hustled into the fold when their vote
was wanted.
(2) Academic freedom: This is a
nebulous term at best and has gone
Paper unfair to clubs
For some weeks now we have
noted with a certain distaste your
incredibly biased reporting in
regard to the club supplement question. We have seen no recognition
by The Ubyssey that a problem exists, nor have we seen any alternate
proposal forthcoming from your
office.
The problem does exist, we
assure you.
There are many clubs on campus
who put a lot of effort into creating
interesting and educational activities on campus and they receive
almost no publicity for their efforts. This is perhaps understandable, due to the busy schedules of
The Ubyssey staffers, but why are
you so opposed to a possible solution to the problem?
Our ire has been raised in particular by the misquotation of our
secretary-treasurer, Richard
Morden. "Misquotation" is
perhaps inaccurate, for indeed the
single phrase quoted in the Oct. 21
Ubyssey was uttered at one point
during  the discussion  with  your
reporter by our secretary-treasurer
(not president as reported).
Our anger arises from the fact
that the UBC Liberals are in favor
of the clubs' supplement, and all
Richard's comments to that effect
were left out of the question.
Richard's admonition that clubs
must be consulted was only applicable in the case that operating
expenses for the supplement were to
be deducted from club budgets.
To repeat, we feel that The
Ubyssey is being unreasonable in its
opposition to the clubs supplement, and is using unconscionable
reporting methods to further prejudice the debate on its implementation. The UBC Liberals welcome
the emergence of any new outlet for
club publicity on campus, and while
Craig Brooks and company have a
certain tendency towards autocratic
behavior, we feel that at least they
are moving in a more public-
spirited direction than The
Ubyssey.
David Martin
Richard Morden
f>h
k. ajantom Fantasy Rock A
f at THE PIT f
I   SATURDAY, NOV. 1   A
f 8:00 p.m.-12:30 a.m. f
k TRICKS AND ROCK & ROLL TREATS |
f Tickets Available $1.00 "
a AMS Ticket Office - S.U.B. k
TWENTY-FIVE VOLUNTEERS
ARE NEEDED TO COMPLETE A STUDY
OF THE SIDE-EFFECTS OF A NEW
BIRTH CONTROL PILL.
The pill contains less of the female hormone
estrogen than some current low-dose contraceptive pills. The pill has been used in humans and effectively prevents pregnancy.
Volunteers will be asked to keep a diary of any side-
effects and a blood sample will be taken every six
months.
Contact:
Dr. Robin Percival-Smith,
Student Health Service
228-7011
under such phrasings as "freedom
of speech." It should be realized
that just because the federal government is trying to entrench a bill of
rights in the constitution does not
mean that the union should try to
copy it in the contract. Seriously
though, to try to include hazy catch
phrases in a contract serves no purpose but to confuse.
(3) Sexual harassment: No doubt
stating this as ridiculous brands me
as an instant male chauvinist. If
'sexual harassment' is really a
serious problem among the TAs
(which I doubt) then it is unlikely
that an obscure union contract is
going to disrupt the perpetrators of
these actions. A sexual harassment
contract clause would be just as difficult to enforce and define as those
laws already existing in the labor
relations code designed to take care
of the problem.
(4) Equality between faculties:
To expect equal wages to be paid to
TAs and markers regardless of
faculty is as logical as expecting
their wages to be equal after
graduation. Also to expect the few
hours worked to raise the members
above the 'poverty level' is deman
ding an excessive salary at an hourly
basis.
In brief I feel the demands of the
union are unwarranted and I do not
support them in their quest. Many
TAs at present are happy with the
status quo which partly explains
why the union requires such a huge
effort to sign people to its membership.
The university should not have to
negotiate with demands that are not
only ridiculous but not wanted or
expected by many of the people that
the union supposedly represents.
Andrew W. F. Metten
graduate student and TA
Free
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to keep for life. Think about
it - at P. J. Burger & Sons.
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great stuff. 11:30 on-7 days
a week, it's yummy. 2966
W. 4th Ave. and Bayswater.
CXIRUTY
CAMPUS
BICYCLES
Open 7 Days A Week
• Sales •  Used Bikes
• Accessories •  Rentals
• Parts and Repairs
IN U.B.C. VILLAGE
5706 University Blvd. 224-0611
GEORGE LUCAS and FRANCIS  FORD COPPOLA
present '
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Twentieth Century-Fox Presents AN AKIRA KUROSAWA FILM • A TOHO-KUROSAWA PRODUCTION
KAGEMUSHA ■ THE SHADOW WARRIOR
Starring TATSUYA NAKADAI • TSUTOMU YAMAZAKI Co-starring KENICHI HAGIWARA
Executive Producers AKIRA KUROSAWA • TOMOYUKI TANAKA Directed by AKIRA KUROSAWA
Written by AKIRA KUROSAWA • MASATO IDE Music by SHINICHIROIKEBE
(English Sub-titles)
© 1980 TWENTIETH CENlURV FOX
Starting Friday, October 24 at
the VARSITY THEATRE Page 8
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 23,1980
Showdown in El Salvador
By the UBC Latin American
Solidarity Committee
The situation in El Salvador has
reached a point of no return. For
centuries, a tiny oligarchy has profited while the majority of the
population has suffered. Using the
armed forces, the police, and paramilitary groups such as ORDEN,
the ruling elite has protected its
privileges. All attempts to social
reform have failed, and the reformist and revolutionary popular
movements have united under the
Revolutionary Democratic Front
(FDR).
With a population of 5,000,000
people and an area less than half
that of Vancouver Island, El
Salvador is the smallest and most
deeply populated country in Central
America. This tiny country is now
entering a state of civil war. To
understand the present desperate
situation, it is essential to understand the historical, economic and
political factors which have brought
it to this point.
Originally inhabited by the
Pipiles Indians (cousins of the
Aztecs), El Salvador was conquered
by the Spanish in 1523. The Spanish
substituted their hierarchy for that
of the Pipiles, who were already
organized in large estates. During
the colonial period, the economy
was based on diversified
agriculture. However, beginning in
the 1860's, the production of coffee
for export took precedence over all
else. Competition for land became
intense, and Indians were forcibly
ejected from their common land.
Throughout the years, the land has
become increasingly concentrated
in fewer hands: the so-called "14
Families," who hold political and
economic power.
In 1932, 4,000 Salvadoreans died
in a peasant uprising. An additional
30,000 to 40,000 people were
massacred by the military as a
reprisal after the rebellion had been
*>N tm£ BARRICADES
and the industrialist modernizes,
who pushed for mild agrarian and
social reforms to defuse growing
popular unrest, and to create an internal market for industrial goods.
However, such attempts were consistently rejected by the traditional
elite. Nothing changed for the mass
of people.
In time, by 1972, a strong opposition party (UNO) had formed
which clearly had massive popular
support. Faced with this threat, the
governing   regime   doctored   the
perspectives
put down. This effectively crushed
the rising worker and peasant
movements. All unions were made
illegal and remained so until 1950.
After 1932, the military consolidated a grip on the country
which it has never released.
While remaining primarily
dependent on coffee and other
agricultural products as its
economic mainstays. El Salvador
began to industrialize in the 1940's.
The abundant cheap labor and
"stable investment climate" attracted foreign investors, particularly from the U.S.
However, economic development
did not improve the lot of the vast
majority of Salvadoreans. In the
country-side, the number of
landless peasants more than doubled during the 1960's. As a result,
migrants swelled the cities, living in
slums with no basic services, and little hope of employment. Those who
did have jobs were grossly underpaid: the average wage in the
manufacturing sector in 1973 was
$1.64 per day. In 1975, a family of
six (average family size) needed
$704 per year to cover basic
necessities.
Forty-nine years of military rule
have been punctuated by "elections" in which the hand-picked
successor of the out-going president
was presented to the people. From
1931 to 1961 there was a series of
these "elected" military governments, overthrown and replaced by
other military juntas.
These changes represented struggles between traditional landowners
results, giving the victory to their
candidate. Described by a British
Parliamentary delegation as a
"massive fraud", the elections of
1972 marked a turning point for
many Salvadoreans. It became apparent that the wealthy ruling elite
were not prepared to relinquish
their privilege peacefully.
Faced with the impossibility of
electoral change, the Salvadorean
people began to take a different
route. In spite of restrictive labour
laws and repression from the
military, the people began to
organize. They joined together in
mass organizations: the People's
Revolutionary Bloc (BPR); the
Front for United Popular Action
(FAPU); the People's Leagues
(LP-28); and the Nationalist
Democratic Union (UDN). These
are coalitions of groups such as peasant and worker unions; student
groups; slum dwellers. These mass
organizations initiated non-violent
campaigns to demand land reform,
increased wages.
Threatened by the growing
strength of these groups, the ruling
elite under the Romero regime
(1977-79) launched unprecedented
violence against the populace. To
complement the armed forces, the
oligarchy had financed and directed
right-wing para-military groups:
ORDEN, a network of spies, informers, and enforcers; the White
Warriors Union; and others. These
death squads roamed the country,
terrorizing the population.
Particular targets of repression
were peasant and urban trade union
leaders, and Catholic priests whom
the regime saw as instrumental in
organizing the people to demand
their basic rights. Hundreds of people were murdered, or "disappeared". Prisoners were tortured.
The Romero regime was condemned by the international community
(including the U.S. State Department) for its flagrant violations of
human rights.
In spite of this repression, the
people resisted. Armed guerilla
groups increased in strength and action as the only deterrent to state-
sanctioned violence against the people. The mass organizations grew to
enormous size and became increasingly militant.
With the country on the brink of
revolution, younger reform-minded
military officers, with the support
of the U.S., overthrew Romero and
put in place a military-civilian junta
which promised sweeping reforms.
This October 1979 coup failed to
fulfill its promises, and the situation
in El Salvador grew progressively
worse. Right-wing elements regained control, and the repression increased, the death toll far exceeding
that under Romero. By January
1980, all civilian members of the
junta and most cabinet ministers
had resigned. The military found
new civilian partners in the Christian Democratic Party. However,
by early March most of them had
resigned in protest against the
government's repression.
Archbishop Oscar Romero, a
former conservative who became an
outspoken critic of the regime and a
supporter of the people's
movements, was brutally
assassinated by right-wing forces on
March 24, 1980.
A much-touted land reform program has only given the armed
forces further opportunities to
establish bases in the country-side
and to continue murdering peasant
leaders. The current death toll is
about 1,000 per month.
Nonetheless, the U.S. continues to
shore up the regime with economic
and military aid. Military aid is projected at $11.7 million for Fiscal
Year 1980-81, with total financial
assistance expected at $55 million.
To try to prevent El Salvador (and
Guatemala and Honduras) from
going the way of Nicaragua, the
U.S. may be risking the re-
enactment of the Vietnam War in
Central America.
In April, the mass organizations
joined with progressive political
parties, student, small business, and
other groups, to form the Revolutionary Democratic Front, which
represents   the   majority   of   the
Salvadorean people and is pledged
to form a popular and democratic
government committed to fundamental structural changes in the
society. President of the FDR is
Enrique Alvarez, formerly Minister
of Agriculture in the post-October
coup government. The armed
guerilla groups have also united,
under the Unified Revolutionary
Directorate (DRU). The FDR has
recognized the DRU as its military
wing, while the DRU recognizes the
FDR as El Salvador's future
government.
The Revolutionary Democratic
Front is appealing for international
recognition as the legitimate
government of El Salvador, and for
moral, political and economic support. What can we do?
1. Condemn the Salvadorean
junta.
2. Condemn current U.S.
military aid and any future direct
military intervention in El Salvador.
3. Demand that the Canadian
government break all relations with
the junta and recognize the Revolutionary Democratic Front.
4. Demand that the Canadian
government condemn all U.S.
economic, diplomatic and military
intervention in the affairs of El
Salvador.
Send your resolutions to: Mark
MacGuigan, secretary of state for
external affairs; prime minister
Pierre Elliot Trudeau and your
member of parliament.
Write letters as individuals.
Support the Latin American
Solidarity Committee at UBC.
We have two main purposes:
— to operate as a source of information and publicize events
from all of Latin America.
— to offer material and moral
support to the Latin American people who demand the right to determine their own economic, social
and political identity.
Our mandate is not dependent
upon any political party.
We formed in 1976 as a response
to the situation in Chile, under the
name of the Committee for the
Defense of Human Rights in Chile.
With recent events in Central
America and the rest of Latin
America, we decided to broaden
our scope and to reflect this change
we opted for the name Latin
American Solidarity Committee.
On Friday Oct. 24 at International House, we are holding a
benefit dance to raise money for
medical aid to the Revolutionary
Democratic Front in E! Salvador.
Perspectives is a column of opinion
and comment open to members of the
UBC community. Submissions must be
typed, preferably triple spaced on a 70
character line, and names and contact
numbers must be given although a
pseudonymn may be used. The Ubyssey
reserves the right to edit for grammar,
brevity and taste.
§  OPTIC ZONE
%?       Your complete optical store
(Student Discounts)
Arbutus Village Square      733-1722
TO ALL CONCERNED;
From: Debbie Gorval, Treasurer
Education Students' Association
Let it be known that between Friday, September 26, 1980, and
Wednesday, October 1, 1980, a Fee Referendum was held in the
Education Students' Association Constituency and the result of the
referendum was:
No. of Votes
YES 234
NO   30
TOTAL 264
Therefore, the Education Students' Association hereby announces that a $2.00 per student per year fee be established
according to By-Law 14(8) of the A.M.S. Bylaws.
Any inquiries can be Signed, Debbie Gorval
made at Scarfe Room 4 E.S. A. Treasurer

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