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The Ubyssey Feb 21, 1975

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Array SUB-to-pool tunnel drawn
Architects for the planned $4
million covered pool have been
instructed by the pool committee to
draw plans for a $99,000 tunnel
connecting SUB and the aquatic
centre, The Ubyssey has learned.
The architects have drawn up
plans which currently show a small
tunnel-like projection extended to
the pool property perimeter and
strengthened south wall supports
which will allow the tunnel to be
sunk.
Pool committee member Doug
Aldridge has admitted the
strengthened south wall must be
built at the time of the original pool
construction.
It will cost about $27,000 because
the south wall is one of the main
supporting walls in the building, he
said.
The tunnel itself will cost about
$72,000, another source said.
The pool committee, composed
of Aldridge, a former Alma Mater
Society president and Students'
Coalition founder, Bob Angus,
Students' Coalition co-ordinator
three years ago and unsuccessful
presidential candidate and former
AMS president Grant Burnyeat,
also a Students' Coalition member.
They are not allowed to spend
money on the pool plans unless
authorized by council. All innovations planned by the group —
currently including saunas,
whirlpools and a bar — must also
be passed by council.
But Aldridge claimed the tunnel
plan occupied little of the architect's time.
"He just had to make the wall a
WELL, DO YOU want a building there? String fence currently strung
around trees at northwest corner of SUB delineates area south of
Brock  Hall that would be covered by proposed new library data
—matt king photo
centre. Engaged in valiant struggle against forces of darkness are Steve
Haber, left, science 4, Ron Walls, AMS science rep. Stew Savard, arts
undergrad prez, and Linda McKogue, AMS rehab rep.
<^-> -«^< ;*■;«&*£;
foot thicker on the plans," he said.
The.tunnel connecting SUB
would remain a possibility because
of the plans, however. Aldridge is
known to be a main proponent of
the tunnel plan, which could also
extend into an underground
shopping complex.
Current AMS president Gordie
Blankstein said Wednesday he
"doesn't care one way or the
other" about the tunnel.
But he claimed recent administration construction
guidelines require all new
buildings to be connected by a
covered walkway to an existing
building.
He said he would support construction of a covered walkway,
but would leave discussions of the
tunnel up to others, despite the fact
it is known among incoming
executive members as "the Gordie
Blankstein memorial tunnel to
nowhere."
Students are committed to
paying $925,000 in capital costs plus
interest toward pool construction
through a $5 levy to be collected for
an indefinite period.
The provincial government has
agreed to pay an additional
$350,000 for the project. The pool
committee is trying to raise the
rest through federal winter works
projects.
Group
restricts
actions
Senate's extracurricular activities committee, originally
directed to examine senate's extracurricular philosophy and
objectives, reported Wednesday it
had decided to restrict itself to an
investigation of athletics and
physical recreation.
The committee, which has met
almost 30 times since January,
1973, was originally mandated to
make recommendations on the
wider issue but decided not to deal
with the entire-scope of extracurricular activities.
Highlights of the committee's
recommendations include:
• senate establish a standing
committee on extracurricular
activities to be informed about and
assess continuously all extracurricular programs:
See page 2: FACULTY
Current aid, trade keeps Third World starving
By TERRY DONALD.SON
As the world system is now structured,
there are two ways the Third World countries can get their fair share of the world's
resources. The first is aid from developing
countries: money, low interest loans, or
donations of food, supplies and technological
expertise.
The second is trade: Third World countries selling their resources and products on
the world market in order to be able to buy
what they cannot produce.
And yet the effect of current aid and trade
policies is to keep most of the Third World
countries poor, undeveloped and hungry.
First of all, the amount of aid has been
inadequate. As part of its Decade of
Development (1960-1970) the United Nations
challenged developed nations to set aside
one per cent of their Gross National Product
for overseas aid. The statistics for 1972
reveal that the U.S. contributed .29 percent,
Germany .31 per cent and Canada .47 per
cent.
First of all, the amount of aid has been
inadequate.
And aid is decreasing, particularly in the
area of food. Between 1970 and 1974,
American food aid dropped from nine
million tons to 3.3 million tons. In the same
period, Canada's aid was halved — from 1.27
million to .64 million tons.
Food aid has always been little more than
a way of dealing with surpluses. The UN
estimates that eight to 12 million tons of food
aid will be needed in the five countries most
threatened with famine this year.
However, the recent food conference in
Rome failed in its attempt to get the food
exporting countries to commit specific
quantities of grain to deal with the short-
term problem of those that are currently
starving. Though Canada pledged one
million tons of grain a year for the next
three years, the U.S. responded negatively.
America did not want to participate in such
a scheme. U.S. agriculture secretary Earl
Butz said, because "it would have a bullish
effect on the market."
About the only bright spot in the aid
picture, according to UBC development
economist Geoffrey Hainsworth, is the work
of non-governmental organizations like
CARE and church groups whose aid "has
doubled, while official aid is falling off."
Much of the aid given is made on terms
that serve the economic interests of the
donor country and lead to a dependency
relationship rather than to self-
determination by the developing nation.
Much ajd is 'tied'; that is, the money has to
be spent in the donor country.
The 1970 review of Canadian foreign
policy outlined the rationale for tied aid this
way: "It provides an initial source of
financing nations and provides Canadians
with the kind of knowledge and experience
which   help   support   the   expansion   of
Canadian commercial interests overseas."
However, the economic motive for aid is
secondary to the political. After the Second
World War, the est engaged in massive aid
programs to outbid the Communists for
political and economic control of Asia,
Africa and Latin America.
The American house committee of foreign
affairs explained (1957): "The most important reason (for giving aid) is that
nations are determined to develop. Only by
participation in that development will we
have an opportunity to direct their
development along lines that will best serve
our interests.
Though the Canadian foreign policy
review of 1970 was more humanitarian and
internationalist in tenor, it nevertheless
urged a priority be given "to countries
whose governments pursue external and
internal policies that are broadly consistent
with Canadian values and interests."
See page 3: AMERICAN Pag* 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1V75
Faculty book changed
under new plans
From page 1
o the university administration
establish and support an appropriate administrative system
for a complete extracurricular
activities program;
c the administration president
and Faculty Association consider
rewording sections of the faculty
handbook to recognize faculty
member contribution to the
university beyond participation in
academic affairs;
o the university actively continue its policy of encouraging
individuals and organizations to
contribute awards recognizing
exceptional ability in artistic or
athletic performance as well as
scholarship     level     academic
achievement.
After a brief discussion senate
voted to table further discussion of
the report until its March meeting.
Oily food
VENEZUELA (ZNS-CUP) —
While most countries are worrying
about converting oil into gasoline,
this country is quietly developing
plans to convert oil into food.
Pacific news service reports the
Venezuelan government is investing $60 million in a plant which
would   convert   oil   into   a   food
DRAMA STUDY
TOUR IN LONDON
July 7 to August 9, 1975
University courses for full credit
- CONTEMPORARY
BRITISH THEATRE
- COMPARATIVE
DEVELOPMENTAL DRAMA
at
Goldsmiths' College, University of London
Modern Residences/British Instructors/Minimal Costs
Full program of visits to schools, theatres,
galleries and cultural institutions.
For brochures and information contact:
Summer Session Office
Division of Continuing Education
The University of Calgary
Calgary, Alberta   T2N 1N4
OUR WELL STOCKED SHOP
Has The Right Selection
Just For YOU!
SKIS: Rossignol,   Dynamic,   Fischer,   Hexcel,  Kneissl,
Dynastar, Blizzard, Atomic.
BOOTS: Le  Trappeur,   Nordica,  Hanson, Kastinger,
Dolomite, Tyrol.
SKI FASHIONS: Bogner,   Fulsap,   Mossant,   Head,
Feller, Nancy Greene, K-Way, Dolomite.
"' OFF
TO U.B.C.
STUDENTS
336 W. Pender St.
681-2004 or 681-8423
Open Friday until 9 p.m.
FREE PARKING AT REAR OF STORE
STUDENTS ON SENATE
ELECTED BY ACCLAMATION
Agricultural Sciences:  JANET S. RYAN (Third Year)
Applied Science: F. KEITH H. GAGNE (Second Year)
Education: JO AN PATRICIA BLANDFORD (Second Year Elementary)
Forestry:   THOMAS ROSS PASCUZZO (Second Year)
Law: GORDON S. FUNT (First Year)
ELECTION OF ONE FULL-TIME STUDENT TO SERVE ON SENATE
FROM EACH OF THE FACULTIES OF ARTS, COMMERCE AND
BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, MEDICINE, PHARMACEUTICAL
SCIENCES, SCIENCE
The following nominations have been received:
Arts
ARLENE J. FRANCIS (Third Year)
CAROL V. GOULET (Third Year)
Commerce and Business Administration
BRIAN G. DOUGHERTY (Third Year)
PETER HARPER (First Year)
Medicine
HENRY S. BERGMAN (Second Year)
JOHN M. SEHMER (Second Year)
GLENN P. TAYLOR (Third Year)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
W. LYNN CORSCADDEN (Third Year)
GRANT THOMAS EDWARDS (Third Year)
ALICIA B. POLANIN (Third Year)
Science
COLM PATRICK COLE (Fourth Year)
RON M. WALLS (Fourth Year)
POLLS WILL BE OPEN AS FOLLOWS
Tuesday, March 11, 1975,
10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
(Students will vote in their own constituencies only)
ARTS (including Home Economics, Librarianship and Social Work)
BUCHANAN BUILDING
COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
ANGUS BUILDING
MEDICINE (including 1st and 2nd Year Medicine and 2nd and
3rd Year Rehabilitation Medicine)
(3rd and Fourth Year Medicine and 4th Year
Rehabilitation Medicine will vote by mailed ballot)
WOODWARD LIBRARY
PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES
CUNNINGHAM BUILDING
SCIENCE
SEDGEWICK LIBRARY
( N.B.  — Only full-time students are eligible to participate in these elections
undergraduates taking at least 12 units (or the equivalent) of courses.
BRING YOUR A.M.S. CARD WITH YOU
— i.e.
SECOND CALL
FOR NOMINATIONS
This is second call for nominations for one student representative from each of the
following faculties to serve on Senate for one year.
FACULTY OF DENTISTRY and FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES
Requirements of Nomination:
Each nomination must carry:
— the name, student number, year and faculty of the nominee
— the signature, full name in block letters, student number, year and faculty
of three full-time students from the same faculty in support of the
nomination
— the signature of the nominee indicating the nominee's willingness to run
for election
NOMINATIONS MUST BE IN THE HANDS OF THE REGISTRAR NO LATER
THAN 4:30 p.m. ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27,1975
(Any questions concerning these elections should be referred to the
Registrar's Secretary - 228-3159).
February 21, 1975
J. E. A.PARNALL
Registrar Friday, February 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 3
Earth could feed up to 40 billion
By SUE VOHANKA
About 800 million people in the
world suffer from malnutrition.
And estimates say 10 million
people this year and 20 million next
year will die of malnutrition.
But there is not a food shortage
according to University of
Saskatchewan economist Harold
Bronson.
The earth could feed as many as
40 billion people if wastage is
reduced and additional land
cultivated for agricultural use,
Bronson told about 40 persons in
SUB auditorium Thursday.
"What is this business of talking
about a food shortage when the
system is putting acreage out of
production and paying farmers not
to grow?" Bronson said.
Bronson estimated as many as 22
billion acres of land can be
cultivated in the world. Currently
about seven billion acres are used.
Bronson said much of the rich
land in the West Indies is currently
unused because sugar companies
have bought large amounts of land
for speculation which they hold
idle.
Much Jamaican land is also held
idle because of tourist potential,
said Bronson. He said he has seen
miles and miles of skinny coconut
trees and stunted cattle on land
that could feed half of Jamaica.
Bronson said even desert land
can be used agriculturally. He said
deserts can be pushed back by
planting rows of trees as waid
breaks and planting crops between
the rows.
"Millions of acres can be brought
to use in the Sahara at a cost of
about $20 per acre," he said.
Bronson said water is indirectly
an important protein source that is
relatively unused. He said harvesting ocean plankton and expanding   fish   farming   in   fresh
water ponds are two ways of using
existing resources.
"The panic about feeding three
or four or 12 billion people is unjustified," Bronson said. "There's
this question about the waste that
—marise savaria photo
WITH SIX, you didn't get egg roll. But you did get shrimp chips galore, won ton, and yes, egg rolls, if you
paid for them. Here Dave "Streak" Wong, arts 2, and Susan Gam, home ec 3, prepare shrimp chips for
Chinese Varsity Club food sale Wednesday to raise money for the organization.
goes on in what we do produce."
Bronson said in the U.S. 10 per
cent of the crop is left in the field.
"And pests eat half the world's
food supply," he said. Bronson said
pest control must be improved.
He added pets might be equated
with pests. "The U.S. spends $2
billion each year feeding pets."
"But the big waste is we insist on
eating 2,000 pounds of grain per
capita per year," Bronson said.
He said an adequate Asian diet
used about 400 pounds per capita —
including 360 pounds of grain and
about 40 pounds of animal
products.
Bronson said because people in
affluent countries eat excessively
they become overweight. They
then needlessly expend energy
trying to remain fit, he said.
"We could improve our health
also by improving our eating
habits," he said.
Wind high
The windstorm that swept the
Lower Mainland Wednesday night
caused an estimated $3,000 to
$4,000 damage at UBC, a physical
plant spokesman said Thursday.
Three large windows were blown
out of the education building
lounge and a door blew open and
smashed a window in the
Buchanan tower, he said.
Other minor damage included
several metal roof flashings blown
off buildings around the campus,
the spokesman said. A tree was
blown down at the Place Vanier
residence but caused no damage,
he added.
American aid shows political motivations
From page 1
This political motivation for aid can be
seen in American practices. Last year
nearly half of the U.S. food aid went to
Cambodia and South Viet Nam. Three days
before Allende's death, the U.S. turned down
a request to sell wheat to Chile for cash. Yet,
one month after the coup, the U.S. granted
the new regime eight times the total credit
ever offered to Allende, to purchase wheat.
Because of these problems, a more active
participation on the part of Third world
countries in development and trade seems
to have more potential. In a recent speech in
the House of Commons on Canada's foreign
policy Andrew Brewin (NDP-Greenwood)
said: "Aid can only be viable as a complement to trade and economics policies
which enhance self-reliant development in
the Third World."
However, there has been an increasing
realization that we can no longer rely on
growth to cure all ills in the Third World.
Paul Gerin-Lajoie, of The Canadian International Development Agency, says,
"Growth alone is not enough; there must
also be fairer distribution."
With only 6 per cent of the world's
population Canada and the U.S. consume
more than 40 per of the world's food and nonfood resources, most of which are imported.
And the balance of trade is moving in the
wrong direction. The share of less developed
countries in world trade declined from 33
per cent in 1950 to 17.6 per cent in 1970.
Meanwhile, the debt of poor nations grew
from $10 billion in 1955 to $80 billion in 1973.
Part of the problem is that the inflated
prices of manufactured goods poorer
countries have to import has increased
much faster than the price of raw materials
they export. The price of coffee, for
example, fell from 80 cents per pound in 1952
to 40 cents per pound in 1962. The prime
minister of Jamaica recently complained
that whereas 10 years ago 10 tons of raw
sugar would buy a tractor, 50 tons is
currently needed.
On top of this is the energy bill, which for
less developed countries rose from $3.7
billion in 1972 to $15 billion in 1974. This has
created a new class of superpoor nations
that is being referred to as the Fourth
World.
Canadian churchmen have been critical of
Canada's stance towards the developing
countries on trade matters. GATT-fly, an
organization created by the five major
Canadian     denominations,     criticizes
Canada's participation in GATT, the
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
They charge that through GATT "rich
countries assemble to, reduce barriers to
trade on products of chief interest to them,
without regard for two thirds of humanity's
poor."
As a particular example, GATT-fly points
to Canada's sugar policy. Up until 1973,
Canada imported 80 per cent of its sugar
from Jamaica, Bermuda, Belize, South
Africa and Trinidad, under the International
Sugar Agreement. The ISA had the noble
aim of "establishing a stable range of prices
and steady quotas, so that producers
((specially developing countries) could look
forward to improving income."
However, negotiations for a new
agreement broke down in March 1973.
Exporting nations wanted a higher price for
sugar because of the effect of inflation on
imported goods. As reported in the Toronto
Globe and Mail, the importers, led by
Canada, refused. They also rejected a
compromise suggested by the International
Sugar Conference, apparently preferring no
agreement to higher prices on raw
materials.
In explaining its policy, Canadian officials
said they do not like raising prices to aid
development. They favor an aid program
because in this way money is raised in taxes
from the whole population, whereas raising
sugar prices penalizes industrial sugar
users and domestic consumers only.
Added to this, they said they could have
some control over aid money, but that they
do not know what happens to sugar profits.
Moreover, they favor a lower price for raw
sugar so Canadian industrial sugar users
can be competitive on the world market.
However, it is common knowledge that
sugar refiners have been making exorbitant
profits. And of course there are no refineries
in the exporting countries. When prices of
raw sugar went up by 65 cents a pound on the
world market, the Redpath Corporation
compensated itself by increasing the price
of refined sugar 75 cents a pound. Canada's
three larges refiners, Atlantic, Redpath and
St. Lawrence, were charged in April 1974
with fixing prices and limiting competition.
Money is being made on sugar, but little of it
finds its way to the sugar growers.
In light of this world trade situation, many
would agree with Andrew Brewin. "We
sometimes tend to claim that some of the
developing countries are responsible for
their own misfortunes. This does not do
justice to the facts."
soapbox
By SUE VOHANKA
Can you imagine 11 people meeting 29
times and accomplishing absolutely
nothing.
If each meeting lasted an average of two
hours, that comes to 638 person hours of
doing nothing.
And that's absurd if the people who have
done all that nothing are UBC senate
members.
In a recent report to senate, an ad hoc
committee on extra curricular activities
showed just how much its members can
accomplish.
According to its report, the committee
was established to "examine senate's
philosophy and objectives vis-a-vis extra
curricular activities and to make recommendations regarding the implementation
of the same."
The intent of setting up the committee in
the first place was "to involve the senate in
non-academic aspects of university activity
and to consider improvements to the quality
of university life for students, faculty and
staff."
All this leads to several observations.
One, what students do in their spare time
is none of senate's business in the first place.
Two, the committee did an incompetent job
of the task they were given. And three, the
recommendations put forth by the committee have come pretty far-reaching, not to
say alarming, implications.
I'll try to explain.
Senate is a stagnating and uninspiring
body full of deadwood, which is supposed to
deal with academic and administrative
concerns at the university.
Which    extra    curricular    activities
students, faculty and staff choose to take
part in during their spare time is their own
business.
Besides, we as students should be concerned senate fulfills its responsibility for
academic affairs.
There are lots of things in the existing
administrative structure that students
should direct their engergy towards. For
example, trying to get more than token
student representation on committees at
every administrative level of the university.
Tenure and promotion committees, daan
selection committees, you name it.
And more. Lots of faculty members and
students out there have ideas for new
courses and programs. For example, senate
even .has a committee on interdisciplinary
studies.
Okay,  on  to  what the  committee ac
complished during its 638 meeting hours.
Though directed to look at senate's
"philosophy and objectives" for extra
curricular activities, the committee instantly narrowed its focus to athletics and
physical recreation.
And the committee's investigation led to
lots of general, obvious "motherhood"
statements that everyone knows and agrees
with.
Those kinds of things don't need more
than five minutes to come up with — but 638
hours?
Yet the committee's recommendations
are where we have to take the whole thing
seriously.
The committee suggests the administration establish administrative
systems and operate a complete program of
Seepage 13: STUDENTS Page 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975
Exams, essays
Student council was supposed to
meet as per schedule Wednesday
night in the opulent setting of the
Alma Mater Society council
chambers. Unfortunately, there was
no quorum.
Now that's bad just on general
principles. Students who take on
positions of quote responsibility
should live up to them. That's
motherhood and goes without
saying.
But it brings us to another point
— the reason for their absence and
for the circles bagging under their
eyes of most students these days.
Exams and essays.
Both of these "educational
methods" are forcing students to live
mole-like existences, memorizing
useless facts and exploring esoteric
concepts in minute detail, so that
their eventual B.A. serves only as a
memento of faqts lost and wisdom
never gained.
They are not adequate measures
of knowledge. How many of us
know good, steady students who
flub out on the final and blow that
all-important average? They just
serve as good yardsticks of how well
one can write exams, a science in
itself.
But of course, that is to be
expected in a place like this. The
university is geared to turn out
people whose field of knowledge has
been rather limited to esoteric
investigations of limited subjects.
Specialists, in fact.
These specialists don't have any
part of an overview of world
situations and their own place in this
world. Therefore, they can only
understand their own cog-like place
in the vast societal machine, to flog
a cliche to death.
That means they pose no danger
to the other cogs, whose work they
don't understand, and no danger to
the whole machine — whose
existence, in many cases, is only
suspected rather than recognized,
because of over-specialization.
So exams serve to perpetuate this.
Wouldn't it be nicer if we got all
credits from in-class work, from
work in the community, from
dealing with concepts rather than
exclusively with facts.
Wouldn't it be nice to have
inter-disciplinary courses with exams
dealing with aspects of all these?
Wouldn't it be nice to have done
with meaningless exams and limited
essays?
So people would have time to
explore more than the inside of the
library and numerous textbooks. So
we could all get into community
work, into extra-curricular activities,
into in-class debate and discussion
and projects?
Of course it can be accomplished
through people organizing into
course unions with representation on
departmental course committees.
So get started. Otherwise we'll all
remain slogging away, missing fairly
important functions for really
unimportant ones. But wouldn't it
be nice if it was otherwise?
Sigh, ytopia.
Letters
Elitist terms
rapped
"Educated" UBC professor Fred
Stockholder agrees with former
Mayor Tom Campbell that all East
Enders in Vancouver are hamburgers. For clarification read the
Vancouver Province, Feb. 13, page
46. The article in question is
" 'Working people's' university
urged."
I am shocked by professor
Stockholder's following: "The
ghetto is already there, (In the
East End). The fact is that the
people in Point Grey have
education and the people in the
East End do not." Well Mr.
Stockholder, it depends entirely
from what level of intelligence
East Enders are being observed.
I am proud to say that I have
lived in Vancouver's East End for
my entire 21 years. My family has
had numerous opportunities to
move away from this area, but we
love it here.
For your information,
Stockholder, many prominent
Canadians were raised and
educated in the East End "ghetto."
For instance, Premier Dave
Barrett, Fred Hume, and former
Attorney-General Robert Bonner,
to name but a few. If my neighbors
are uneducated they certainly
carry it with far more dignity and
tolerance than professor
Stockholder carries his education.
Katherine Lawrence
history 4
Data centre
After reading much of the
current material in The Ubyssey
about the proposed data centre to
be built on the lawn between SUB
and Brock Hall, there are several
questions which come to my mind.
Firstly, why is it that we all of a
sudden need such a facility when
for years we have gotten along fine
without it? I can't see why there is
such a shortage of library space,
especially since much of the
library is already devoted to staff
space.
If the processing centre is
needed now, it must have been
known that it would be the case
before the new Sedgewick library
was built, but no provisions were
made for it then while students
were already enduring the inconvenience of construction on a
central campus location.
The second point is the question
concerning location. As I see it, the
disadvantages which will accrue
from locating a structure on the
proposed location are many and
far outweigh any possible benefits.
Already the amount of green
grass on the campus is becoming in
short supply and the loss of additional open space in such a
central location can only add up to
the "downtown aura" the campus
is rapidly attaining.
Then there is the question of
inconvenience. By observing past
construction projects on the
campus, it would not be unrealistic
to predict two years of the hassles
of construction, which would add to
the ugliness of this area and
severely encroach on the study
atmosphere of the main library.
Also, there is the inconvenience to
students entering campus through
the location.
The question of most importance
which springs to my mind however
concerns the degree to which
students have been consulted with
respect to planning on the campus.
If there had been no opposition to
this project, then it appears it
would have been built without
presentation to the people who
most use this campus.
In my opinion, the people
responsible for planning should do
more than look at the economics of
the issue and start to concern
themselves with the preservation
of our open space for the better
enjoyment of those who use this
campus, now and for years to
come.
In this case, I don't believe all
alternatives have been considered
and if they have been, why haven't
they been presented in an open
publication to facilitate the participation of students?
Therefore, I move that before the
go-ahead is issued on this, or any
other project of major importance,
a comprehensive statement
outlining the reasons for and
alternatives considered should be
presented in The Ubyssey where
students are able to view the logic
that is behind this bureaucratic
machinery.
With the aid of adequate communication now, it may be possible
to resolve the problems arising
from this proposal now, rather
than waiting for it to become too
late.
Kingsley Noel
commerce 4
rm ubyssey
FEBRUARY 21,1975
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977.
Editor: Lesley Krueger
Meanwhile, back in the newsroom, big mama Lesley Krueger served up
the usual Ubyssey fare: rancid, disgusting baileyburgers, wooden phony
fries and the world's most expensive milk. The staff refused to eat it. So
Gary Coull, Doug Rushton, Berton Woodward, Sue Vohanka, Kini
McDonald, Terry Donaldson, Marise Savaria, Matt King, Barry Jensen, Greg
Strong, Chris Gainor, Mark Buckshon and Bruce Woodburn put Alan Doree
in a big pot and began stirring. Cedric Tetzel, Carl Vesterback, Stu Lyster,
Tom Barnes and Ken Dodd threw in a pinch of Boyd McConnell and
Marcus Gee plus some garlic. Andre Paradis, Geoff Hancock and Robert
Diotte got sick. Gracie Eng headed for The Three Greenhorns.
AUCE
I hope you will print this letter to
help minimize the damage done by
a couple of factual errors made by
The Ubyssey concerning the
campus support committee for the
CKLG strikers.
1. In last Thursday's issue you
stated categorically that the
committee was being organized by
Association of University and
College Employees local one. This
was definitely not the case; a point
I emphatically made to your
reporter. The committee's
existence was announced in The
Ubyssey in this way before the
AUCE membership decided to
back it.
2. Your reporter somehow
managed to invent the authority
for me to speak on behalf of AUCE
local one, calling me "AUCE
spokeswomen" in Friday's paper.
Again, completely erroneous.
No one attending the Support
Committee meeting was officially
representing either of the major
campus unions, and for my part, I
clearly introduced myself as a
member of the Revolutionary
Marxist Group as well as an individual member of AUCE and was
in no way claiming to speak officially on behalf of the union.
Clean out your ears, folks.
Heather Prittie
In both cases you identified
yourself as a member of AUCE
when talking to our reporters. And
on top of'that, in the second story,
you were clearly speaking about an
AUCE meeting and were therefore
a spokesperson — note, not an
official representative but only
speaking for the group.
The first story read "sponsored"
not organized, by the way. But
you're right, it should have read
sponsored by members of AUCE.
Sorry — Staff.
Why not?
I have slowly become aware
through that consistant government barrage of Why nots? and
Why nots! that this is International
Women's Year.
The key factors leading to this
revelation were the various
pronouncements that I, being a
male person, am automatically an
oppressor of women and a violator
of their rights.
I resent this totally unfounded
charge.
I'll have you know I'm just as
liberal minded as the next man,
person, or whatever. To prove it I
will here present my own project to
celebrate International Women's
Year, which will, I believe, in one
bold stroke forever establish
women as equal, if not superior to,
their male counterparts.
All that has to be done is for the
Canadian Armed Forces, the
prime bastion of male chauvinism
in this country, to establish a
combat battalion composed entirely of women.
This new formation will establish
once and for all the great potential
that women do in fact possess as it
will become, even before any
initial training, the crack unit of
the Canadian army.
Ian Cameron
arts 4
Green
An open letter to physical plant
head Neville Smith. Re: proposed
data processing centre.
We are concerned. It is not the
fact that we will have to walk
around   another   building    on
campus that bothers us, but that
one of the few open spaces in the
middle of campus will vanish and
be replaced  by  another  grey
building.
We love green grass and trees.
D. M. Rota
law 1
S. A. Rota
arts 1
H.M. Cairns
agriculture 4
B. K. Martin
commerce 1
E. Adam
arts 4 Page
Friday
Publishers fight U.S. control
Why are we doing an issue on the state of Canadian
publishing anyway?
The printed word is a major force — perhaps the
major force — in influencing the consciousness and
identity of a nation. It is here, in magazines, textbooks,
fiction and non-fiction works of many types that one
should find the basic creativity and expression that give
a country, a people a distinct image of themselves.
In Canada, where the publishing industry is so overwhelmingly dominated by foreign (read U.S.) interests,
our cultural expressions are often blurred and twisted in
a red, white and blue haze.
Few people realize that publishers of written expression in all its manifestations form an industry with
unique and serious problems. In Canada the worst of
these problems is foreign domination.
At least 85 per cent of general book sales in Canada are
by foreign-controlled publishers, the textbook situation
is even worse and statistics for magazine sales are
similarly one-sided in favor of mostly American interests.
This traditional foreign dominance of publishing has
been an important factor in driving Canadian writers to
publish with foreign firms where the opportunities to
gain exposure in print have always been better. Though
the recent renaissance of interest in Canadian writers
has produced some new hope among domestic
publishers, the odds against success in the industry
remain overwhelming. American publishers hold all the
cards.
People will obviously seldom buy a magazine or book
unless they see it on the newsstand or bookrack and most
Canadian publications are either buried under American
scandal rags or pulp novels or not exposed at all.
Domestic publishers cannot compete with American
companies who can afford lavish promotion and
distribution programs for their books. Ken Dodd probes
this and many other problems of book publishing in his
investigation of the industry on PF 4 and 5.
The situation for B.C. book publishers is especially
desperate, as revealed by Geoff Hancock on PF 2.
Neither the B.C. government nor provincial booksellers
seem interested in promoting the local publishing trade.
University presses in Canada enjoy a slightly better
health than the rest of the industry, according to Robert
Diotte on PF 3, but their books are highly academic and
unappealing to most readers.
In face of the depressing situation in the publishing
industry government response on all levels has often
been vague and usually inadequate. In a conference on
the state of English language publishing at Trent
University recently secretary of state Hugh Faulkner
announced he was in favor of "self help" on the part of
publishers. Industry spokesmen joined in attacking the
lack of firm publishing policy in Faulkner's presentation.
The day before his speech at Trent on Jan. 24 Faulkner
announced the government would end special tax
exemptions to advertisers in Time Canada and Reader's
Digest, allegedly to give Canadian magazines a fairer
slice of advertising revenue in a market dominated by
Canadian editions of American magazines.
But, as Marcus Gee reveals on PF 4 and 5, mainly the
established magazines will benefit from Faulkner's
move while most continue to struggle against a myriad
of barriers to their success.
Yet many enterprising new publishing outfits have
appeared on the scene recently and lobbying for tighter
controls over foreign interests in the publishing industry
seems to be becoming more unified.
General interest in publishing and the impact it has on
our culture is a new development in this country and
hopefully this interest, on the part of governments and
the general public will lead to a new vitality in this often
seemingly forgotten industry. publishpublishpublishpu
Gov't cold shoulder
for B.C. publishers
By GEOFF HANCOCK
Until the provincial government recognizes publishing through the
Cultural Development Fund, B.C. will lag behind the rest of Canada,
according to a prominent Vancouver publisher.
"The provincial government does not recognize publishing through
the cultural development fund," says David Robinson, publisher of
Talonbooks.
"We were rejected a grant by the Fund until the government has time
to study the problems of publication. But in a letter we were told the
government anticipates no move in that direction."
Instead Talonbooks relies on Canada Council funds like many other
small publishers. Robinson says both Ontario and Alberta Arts Councils
provide subsidiary matching grants, but not B.C.
"It's really incredible because the publishing industry in B.C. is really
strong," he says. He cites as an example the North Vancouver firm of J.
J. Douglas Ltd., who in just two years have become one of the largest
publishers in Canada.
Talonbooks began publishing in Vancouver in 1967.
"We're strictly literary," Robinson said. "There are no major writers
we haven't covered." Talonbooks authors include playwrights George
Ryga and Beverly 'Simons, novelist Audrey Thomas and poets Bill
Bissett, Daphne Marlott and George Bowering.
Having a publisher in B.C. is advantageous for B.C. authors, says
Robinson, because Talon works closely with the authors on the design of
their books.
"We respect the authors' intentions on what their books are about."
Robinson said it was important for a publisher to be close to the authors.
"For instance Monday night we looked at a book of photographs. It'll
cost a lot to do. Where else could it be done? Montreal or Toronto. Why
the fuck can't he do his book here? That's why we stay here. To start an
industry, to make an alternative," he said.
Robinson says the B.C. government creates problems for B.C. writers
by not letting books published in B.C. on their school curricula. He said
George Ryga's The Ecstacy of Rita Joe was a good example of a book
proposed for high schools with no success.
Popular books such as Rita Joe are always being reprinted but poetry
is usually published in limited editions of 500, 750 or 1,000 depending on
the reputation of the author.
One of Talonbooks publications, a box of bp nichol's concrete poems,
won nichols a governor-general's award and a design award for Talon.
What is publishing in B.C. about?
"The whole number is the 10- to 15-year consciousness — raising,
telling people not to use American texts. The next step is to make the
media aware," Robinson says.
He is very critical of the local daily papers in aiding local publishing
development.
"We've only been reviewed twice in the papers in all the years we've
been doing things. George Ryga has never been reviewed in his home
city."
And R. W. Stedingh, editor of the Canadian Fiction Magazine, says
this is the unique problem of the B.C. publisher:
"Most booksellers don't believe anything is happening here. They
have more faith in what's happening back East. Before, anyone good
went to the U.S. Now, most western writers believe if you're good you go
back East."
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60013    J.    S.     Bach:
Mozart (E. Schwarzkopf, G. Jones &
Others)
S60019 Beethoven:
Concerto No. 3
(Solomon — Piano)
S60023 Tchaikovsky:
1812 Overture (Sir
Malcolm SaYgent)
60036 Canti Sacri
(Sacred Songs) —
Beniamino Gigli
560037 Mozart
Overtures — Royal
Phil., Colin Davis,
cond.
560038 Beethoven:
Symphony No. 7 in A
Major, Op. 92 — Phil.
Orch., Cartel Ii, cond.
60040 The Art of Denis
Brain (Ac
companiment D.
Matthews, G. Moore)
S60043 Fritz Wunderlich — Lyric Teror
(with assisting Artists)
60051 Vienna, City Of
My Dreams-Richard
Tauber with Orchestra
60054 The Art of
Beniamino Gigli
60063 Haydn: Sonata
No. 52 in E Flat —
Rachmaninoff Concerto No. 3 in D Minor,
Op. 30 — Vladimir
Horowitz (Piano) 8.
London Symph. Orch.
cond. by Albert Coates
S60069 Beethoven:
Concerto No. 5 in E
Flat Major, Op. 73 —
Walter Gieseking
(Piano), Philharmonic Orchestra
conducted by Alceo
Galliera
S60072 Mozart: Piano
Concertos (Heph-
zibah, Yaltah 8.
Jeremy Menuhin and
Fou Tsong with the
London Philharmonic
Orch. and Bath
festival cond. by
Yehudi Menuhin)
60073 The Art of Denis
Brain, Vol. 2 (The
Dennis Brain Wind
Ensemble — Leonard
Brain (oboe) —
Stephen Walters
(clarinet) Dennis
Brain (horn) — Cecil
James (bassoon) with
Colin Horsley  (piano)
560078 Fritz Wunderlich / Lyric Tenor,
Albun 2 — Opera Arias
560079 Beethoven:
Symphony No. 9 in D
Minor, Op. 125 —
Berlin Philharmonic
Orchestra conducted
by Andre Cluytens
S60083 Brahms:
Academic Festival
Overture, Op. 80 —
Symphony No. 2 in D
Major Op. 73 (Royal
Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by
Sir Thomas Beecham,
Bart, CH.)
S60224 Ravel &
Prokofiev — John
Browning — Ravel
Concerto to the Left
Hand. Prokofiev:
Concerto No. 3 in C,
Op. 26 — John
Browning  (piano)
60086 Richard Tauber
(Tenor) — Opera
Arias — From Der
Rosen kavalier,
Rigoletto, La
Traviata, II
Trov at ore , Aida
Tosca, The Jewels Of
The Madonna, Carmen, Fra Diavolo, The
Bartered Bride, Der
Evangelimann, Der
Kuhreigen and
Tiefland
S60091 Rachmaninoff
— Concerto No. 2 in C
Minor, Op. 18 —
Rhapsody On A
Theme Of Paganini,
Op. 43 — New
Philharmonic Orch.,
cond. by Moshe Atz-
mon, Augustin
Anievas (piano)
560096 Faure:
Requiem Op. 48,
Pavane. Op. 50 —
(John Carol Case,
Choir of King's
College, New Phil,
cond. D. Willcocks,
organ:     John    Wells)
560097 Strauss:
Salome's Dance, Suite
from Die Frau Ohne
Schatten (Phil. Orch.
cond. Eric Leinsdorf)
560098 Smetana: The
Bartered Bride,
Dvorak Sch etzo
Capriccioso, Weinberger: Polka and
Fugue (Royal Phil.
Orch. — Rudolfe
Kempe)
560099 John Browning
(piano) — Schubert —
Liszt — Debussy —
Bach — Chopin
560100 Mozart:
Requiem in D Minor
(Teresa Zylis-Gara,
Oealia Doniguez,
Peter Schreier, Franz
Crass, South Ger. and
Madrigal Choir cond.
W. Gonnenqein)
S60103 Franck:
Prelude, Chorale and
Fugue; Debussy: Six
Preludes
(Malcuzynski)
560105 Mahier:
Sympho. No. 4 in G
(Emmy Loose, Phil.
Orch. cond. P. Klet-
zki)
560106 Borodin :
Polovtsian Dances
from Prince Igo
(Chorus of the Friends
of Music in Vienna,
Vienna Phil. Orch.
cond. Rafael Kubelik)
S60U0 Anna Moffo
(soprano): Mozart
Arias — Alceo
Galliera cond. the
Philharmonic Orchestra
60114 Vladimir
Horowitz — Liszt,
Schumann
60115 Artur Schnabel
— Mozart Sonatas
60116 Haydn: Concerto
in D. Op. 21 (Wanda
Landowska)
60117 Sonatas An-
dantino — Emanuel
Feuermann, Myra
Hess, Gerald Moore
S60118 Vivaldi :
Concertos for Two
Orchestras (I. Solisti
Milano, Les Solistes de
Bruxelles, Ephrikian)
60120 The Art of
Joseph      Schmidt
(Tenor)
S60123 Mozart: The
Two Flute Concertos,
Andante in C. Concerto
No. 1 in G. K.313;
Concerto No. 2 in D.
K.314; Andante in C.
K.315 (Elaine Shaffer,
flute; Philharmonic
Orchestra, Efrem
Kutz Con.)
60127 Chopin: Waltzes
(Alfred Cortot (piano)
560128 Vivaldi: Flute
Concertos, Op. 10 Nos.
1-6 — Toulouse
Chamber Orchestra
cond. by Louis
Auriacombe
560129 Toulouse
Chamber Orchestra —
V by Vivaldi
S60132 Haydn: Concerto in D — G — F
(Robert Veyron-
Lacroix, Harpsichord)
S60134 The Art Of Sir
Thomas Beecham:
Royal Philharmonic &
RTF Orchestra
Beecham    Conductor)
60135 Yehudi Menuhin
(Violin) — Wilheim
F u r t wa ngIer —
Philharmonic Orch.
Beethoven Concerto in
D. Op. 61
560136 Mstislav
Rostropovich —
Dvorak: Concerto in B
Minor
560137 The Droic
Quartet — Mozart:
Haydn: Quartets
560138 Carlo Maria
Giulin Conducting the
Philharmonia Orch. —
Verdi:Rossini
560139 Dietrich
Flscher-Dieskau with
Josef Traxel, Lisa Otto
— St.
Cathedral
Bach :
"Peasant"
60143The Art of Alfred
Cortot (Alfred Cortot,
piano)
S60144 Vivaldi: The
Four Seasons
(Toulouse Chamber
Orchestra, Louis
Auriacombe Con.;
Solo violin: Georges
Armand)
S60149 Various, Sir
Malcolm Sargent
cond. "The Best of
Gilbert and Sullivan"
60150 Overtures:
B.B.C. Symphony
Orchestra — Arturo
Toscanini cond.
60162 Mozart/Mendelssohn Concertos —
Jascha Heifetz;
(violin) — Royal
Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas
Beecham cond.
S60165        Berlioz:
Sympho nie Fan -
tastique; French
National Radio Orchestra (Orchestre
National De la
Radiodiffusion
francaise) conducted
by Sir Thomas
Beecham
60226 Khachaturian —
Aram      Khachaturian
60168 Jussi Bjoerling:
The Art of Jussi
Bjoerling ; Jussi
Bjoerling (tenor) with
Hjordis Schymberg
(soprano); Stockholm
Concert Association
orchestra; Orchestra
conducted by Nils
Grevillius
60169 Dennis Brain
(Horn): The Art of
Dennis Brain, Vol. 3;
George Malcolm
(piano) 8. The Dennis
Brain ensemble
S60170     Liszt:
Mephisto   Waltz,
(John Ogdon)
The
etc.
Hedwig's
Choir   —
'Coffee",
Cantatas
560173 Elgar Enigma
Vars. / Britten: vars.
on Purcell ' Philharmonia Orchestra
B.B.C. Symphony
Orchestra (Sir
Malcolm Sargent,
Cond.)
560174 Gershwin:
Rhapsody in Blue 8.
An American In Paris
Leonard Pennario
(piano) 8c Felix Slatkin
Hollywood Bowl
Symphony Orch.
560175 Hoist:     The
Planets / Los Angeles
Philharmonic Orch. 8.
(3) Women's Voices of
the Roger Wagner
Chorale / Leopold
Stokowski, Cond.
560176 Tchaikovsky:
Suites From "The
Nutcracker" 8c
"Sleeping Beauty" ,'
Royal Philharmonic
Orch. / Sir Adrian
Boult Cond. with
Raymond Cohen (solo
violin)
560177 Dukas:    The
Sorcerer's Apprentice, Etc. '
Colonne Concerts
Orch. (Orchestre de
I'Association des
Concerts Colonne)
Pierre Dervaux Cond.
560178 Granados:
Goyescas (Aldo
Ciccolini)
560179 Wolf: Songs
(Salzburg Festival
1953) Elisabeth Schwarzkopf. E. Welhelm
Furtwangler.
560180 The Comic
Beethoven:      Various
560185 Music of Dellus
— Royal Philharmonic, Sir Thomas
Beecham    Conducting
560186 Iturbi Plays
Favorite Music Of
Chopin — Jose  Iturbi
560187 Palestrina:
Missa Papae Mar-
cell i; Palestrina:
Missa Brevis — Choir
of King's College,
Cambridge — David
Willcocks,    conductor
560188 Philharmonic
Orchestra — Otto
Klemperer, Conductor
— Stravinsky:
Symphony in Three
Movements
S60217 A Ceremony Of
Carols — Choir of
King's College
560192 Sir Thomas
Beecham,    Con.    —
French National
Radio Orchestra —
Bizet. Symphony in C
& Lalo Symphony in G
Minor
560193 Sir Thomas
Beecham, Con. —
Royal Philharmonic
Orchestra — Mozart,
Clarinet Concerto in
A, K622; Mozart
Bassoon Concerto in B
Flat, K.191
560194 The Halle
Orchestra — Sir John
Barbirolli,   conductor
— Schubert: Symphony No. 9 ("The
Great C Major")
560195 Leonard
Pennario (piano) —
Grieg Piano Concerto
in A Minor, Op. 16;
Rachmaninoff:
Rhapsody On A
Theme Of Paganini,
Op. 43
560196 Fernando
Germani — Bach At
Festival Hall
60201 Peking Opera —
Official Ensemble Of
the Chinese People's
Republic From The
Peking Opera
60202 Ljuba   Welitsch
— Art of Ljuba
Welitsch
S60205 Philharmonia
Orchestra — Walton:
Music from
Shakespearean   Films
560208 Halle Orchestra with Sir John
Barbirolli Cond. —
Sibelius: Finlandia,
Op. 26
560209 Philharmonia
Orchestra with Erich
Leinsdorf Cond. —
Prokofiev: Lt. Kije-
Suite, Op. 60
60210 Walter
Gieseking —
Debussy / Ravel
560212 Royal
Philharmonic Orchestra with Sir
Thomas Beecham
Cond. — Music of
Delius 2. Delius;
Florida (Suite, rve. 8c
ed. Beecham) Side 2:
Delius: Florida (Suite,
rev. anded. Beecham)
560213 The Concert
Arts Symphony Orchestra, Erich
Leinsdorf,    conductor
— The Sound of
Wagner
S60216 "Pleasures and
Peccadillos":
Humorous Piano
Music of Rossini —
Aldo Ciccolini
60221 Sibelius &
Tchaikovsky —
Jascha Heifetz —
Sibelius: Concerto in
D Minor, Op. 47;
London Philharmonic
Orch est ra, Sir
Thomas Beecham
cond. — Tchaikovsky:
Concerto in . Op. 35;
Jascha Heifetz
(violin)
S60219 The Art of
Bjoerling, Album 2 —
J ussi Bjoerling
(tenor) — Stockholm
Concert Association
Or chest ra , Nils
Grevillius cond.
PERSONAL SHOPPING ONLY
Bookstore scene . . . booksellers give little help to B.C. publishers.
sound
556 Seymour St.    682-6144
Page Friday, 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975 publishpublisi
'Little houses9 help
By ROBERT DIOTTE
The university publishing houses
in Canada, publishers which are
sponsored by university campuses,
have been a significant force in the
Canadian publishing industry.
According to the Ontario Royal
Commission on Publishing, which
filed its report in 1973, 1,308 titles
were listed under university press
publishing lists as of 1972. Of these:
1,122 titles were catalogued under
University of Toronto Press, the
oldest publishing house of its type
in Canada.
Theoretically the university
publishing house is responsible for
the dissemination of knowledge.
Jane Fredeman, senior editor of
the University of British Columbia
Press which was founded in 1971,
said in a recent interview that this
means "scholarly publishing in
Canada more so than in other
countries." The university press in
Canada "publishes books the
commercial publisher can't afford
because the market is so slim for
that kind of book," she added.
While these houses are involved in
the marketing of books, they are
not intended to turn a profit for the
sake of that profit.
"We are not supposed to lose
money," she said, "but we are not
competing with the commercial
publisher. (They) are looking for a
different kind of manuscript."
Including the University of
Toronto Press and the smaller
UBC Press, there are 11 such
publishing houses operating from
campuses across the country.
These recently joined to form the
Association of University Presses,
established to further the interests
of this sector of the publishing
industry in Canada through such
things as jointly sponsored
displays of the member presses'
product and conferences to discuss
the latest in book marketing
techniques.
However, there is a problem with
these presses. They enjoy a
privileged and pampered position
within the book selling market.
Because they have been awarded
the honorable role of defending the
dissemination   of   knowledge   in
Canada, it is possible to see the
university press as the source of
those heavy and costly "scholarly"
books by specialists in the field on
the shelves of our public libraries
beside other heavy, costly books by
specialists in the field gathering
dust and years in card catalogues.
The business side of the
university press is sound. The
Ontario royal commission on
publishing broke down the
financial accountability of
university publishing houses into
three areas: responsible budgeting
of costs against anticipated net
benefits in.advance sales; careful
scrutiny of actual operating results
in relation to this budget; and a
subsequent review of performance
on a profit and loss basis. In the
case of the UBC press, director
Blaicq is responsible to the
President of the University, on the
.one hand, and the President's ad-
.visory committee, on the other.
The actual budget is a product of
various financial resources. UBC
Press has an operating budget
from the university which covers
such things as their payroll and
general office overhead.
Presumably this support extends
into publishing expenses as well.
For the rest, funds are canvassed
for specific projects from various
sources such as the Canada
Council. Dr. Fredeman called
these "grants in aid." Finally,
whatever profits develop out of
past titles are funnelled back into
current projects.
Superficially, then, the
university press is sound business.
Where there is no money, there is
no publication. However, a look at
the product and its distribution
reveals anomalies.
To begin with, more often than
not, the product is an expensive,
often turgid book stuffed with
documentation and appendices
which has no hope of selling to the
reading public. An example is a
book by Robt. Cail entitled, Land,
Man, And The Law: The Disposal
of Crown Lands in British
Columbia, 1871-1913, which was
published by the UBC Press. The
original manuscript was an MA
thesis which means a frequency of
nominals per sentence, thick
documentation crowding the
bottom of the page, and appendices. The book costs $14.95.
Thus, given the product, the
general reader is not likely to have
the patience let alone the capacity
to endure such a book. This is to
say nothing of the price which
pushes the book outside the reach
of the market. So, despite the
significance of its subject, the Cail
book does not have a chance on the
market.
The distribution of the product is
more to the point. UBC Press runs
are small. Blaicq stated that runs
used to between 2000 and. 2506
copies. However, because the book
is not going to do well on the
market, the university press must
look to libraries to sell their
product. Thus, press runs have
been reduced to between 1200 and
1500 copies of a current title
because of recent austerity
measures taken by most libraries.
"Some libraries bought every
single book once," said Ann
Hockey, an assistant of the UBC
Press, "but now they are buying
selectively." Still, Blaicq stated
that the UBC Press is projecting as
many as 10 titles next year, increasing their present output.
Thus, because the university
press has such a protected status in
the book market, essentially what
is happening is that public monies
help produce the book and public
monies eventually purchase the
book through their library budgets
while the book itself is produced for
specialists in the field.
Ever since Sir John A's National
Policy of the late 1870's, we have
operated on the principle that we
must support our industry to make
it viable. But, in the case of the
university presses, a sector of the
publishing industry that produces
a product not accessible to the
public at large and, in a sense, a
product consciously produced in a
way which will keep it from the
public, we may be sustaining a
static enterprise. It may very well
be that the book is not the most
efficient      means      for      the
Act rips off authors
By BOYD McCONNELL
Canadian publishers and writers are taking it on
the chin because of our inadequate and ambiguous
copyright act. Take, for instance, the cases of two
eminent Canadian authors, Pierre Berton and
Farley Mowat, published in Canada by McClelland
and Stewart Ltd. These two authors have been
losing money because of a loophole in the Canadian
Copyright Act.
Berton sold the rights to his two railway books,
The National Dream and The Last Spike, to a New
York publisher — McClelland and Stewart hold the
Canadian rights. The New York publisher combined
the two books into a single, abridged version, The
Impossible Railroad. The publisher sold books to
bookstores but they don't sell to the public very
well. Consequently, the overstocked — or
remaindered — books ended up in a warehouse.
When books are remaindered authors don't
receive royalties. Cole's books purchased the
remaindered copies of Berton's book from the
warehouse and imported them into Canada. The
book flooded the market in Canada, affecting the
sale of the two Canadian editions. Berton didn't
receive any royalties from trie- sales of the U.S.
edition.
Berton and Jack McClelland, president and
publisher of McClelland and Stewart, could have
taken the matter to the courts. However, the
Copyright Act is so vague it would be hard to say
what the outcome would be.
Berton said the amount of money lost was not
great, but the principle of the thing and the threat of
losing future royalties for himself and other
Canadian writers caused his outrage.
Mowat, on the other hand, stands to lose much
more than Berton. McClelland estimated Mowat
could lose as much as $50,000 in 1975 earnings
because of what's happening to him in this regard.
Mowat sold Penguin the rights to his two books, A
Whale For The Killing and Sibir (American title:
The Siberians). Here, the case varies from Bertons.
Mowat is only getting eight per cent as a royalty on
each book whereas, in Canada, he gets 15 per cent.
Thus his earnings are cut almost in half.
The essential intent of the Act, which became law
in 1924 and hasn't been revised since, give the
copyright owner the sole right to print and reprint
the work for his lifetime and 50-years thereafter.
The Act also covers residual rights such as radio,
television, film and the like. The Act, therefore,
protects the author from getting ripped-off by
anyone else — as well as protecting the writer's
publisher.
If copyright is infringed, the plaintiff can claim
damages for the offense; get an injunction
preventing the defendant from infringing further;
ask for and get an accounting of the infringing books
sold; confiscate the unsold copies; and ask for part
of the profit from books already sold.
That sounds pretty straight forward, doesn't it.
Yet the courts are at a loss as far as proving that a
defendant did in fact know the book he was handling
infringed copyright. Does the defendant have to
prove that he didn't have knowledge? Or does the
plaintiff have to prove that the defendant did have
knowledge? Even the courts do not know where the
burden of proof should lie.
dissemination of knowledge.
Fredeman pointed out:
"Canadians are not a book buying
nation. Instead they go out and buy
a pair of hockey tickets . . . But the
hockey game is over in a couple of
hours whereas the book is a
lifetime investment."
Yet, the hockey game is accessible to the public in a way
books produced by university
presses are not.
Fredeman suggested that
"cultural things are worth paying
for . . . The Russian pays a lot
more... In England it is now
profitable for English film
makers." This is where we're at
today.
But perhaps a final word is
warranted. In a market society,
culture is a commodity. We talk
sufficiently about a coherent
energy policy, so perhaps what we
need is a coherent cultural policy
which will allow us to examine the
role of such things as university
presses in a brighter light.
at
4560 W. 10th.
919 Robson St.
1050 W. Pender
670 Seymour
duthie
BOOKS
GART
in CASABLANCA
SUB Theatre Feb. 20-23
75c
Thu.-Sun. 7 p.m., Fri.-Sat. 7 & 9:30 p.m.
Please Show AMS Card
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AN ENDANGERED SPECIES
THE CANADIAN BOOK PUBLISHER
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almost alone exemplifies
and epitomizes this once
large group of free
spirited entrepreneurs.
Come in and meet this
truly colourful Canadian
and share with him his
first love — The Canadian
Paperback. When we say
'Share' we really mean it.
The first 200 Canadian
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receive a FREE McCLEL-
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OPEN SUNDAYS 1 P.M.-10 P.M.
WEEKDAYS & SATS. 10 A.M. - 10 P.M.
jack McClelland
PUBLISHER
McClelland Stewart Ltd.
Friday, February 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 3 blishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpi
Canadian mags "skatin
By MARCUSGEE
In North America, magazines have always
been an important part of the cultural
spectrum. In this time of national identity
crisis Canadian magazines have the
potential to be a cohesive force in asserting
that elusive identity but only if we give them
the chance.
Recent moves by the senior government
and private publishers' organizations have
created a cautious optimism among
Canadian magazine publishers but the
future of the industry is still unclear.
To publish a magazine in Canada is at best
a hazardous venture and most exist in a
state of virtual penury.
The few that make a profit succeed not
because they are high quality publications,
but rather because they have found a certain formula that gives them a slice of the
market.
Canadian Forum editor Michael Cross
describes the state of Canadian magazine
publishing:
"In the magazine business you learn to
live skating on the brink of collapse. If you
don't get used to that you shouldn't be in this
business."
For years Canadian magazines have been
dominated by American publications and
American editions of Canadian magazines.
Time Canada and Readers Digest alone
soaked up $9 million in advertising in 1972,
enjoying their special status which allows
advertisers income tax deduction on advertisements in the two foreign-owned
magazines.
Under the Income Tax Act these tax
benefits are allowed only to Canadian-
produced magazines but Time Canada and
Reader's Digest were exempted because of
their "Canadian content."
Most of the copy appearing in these
publications is produced in the U.S. and then
"dumped" onto the Canadian market.
Nearly every industry from refrigerators to
toilet seats are protected from "dumping"
by legislated controls but the magazine
trade has no such barriers.
Lack of exposure on newsstands also
plagues Canadian magazines.
Regional distributing monopolies keep
Canadian magazines buried on the
newsstands behind fast selling American
periodicals and pulp magazines, like
Penthouse, Playboy and True Confessions.
Gerry Kidd, editor of Vancouver-based
Pacific Yachting, says B.C. and other
Canadian magazines get almost no exposure
on newsstands in the province partly due to
the Vancouver Magazine Service monopoly
that distributes almost all magazines in B.C,
Michael Cross says he faces similar
problems with Canadian Forum in Toronto
and the rest of Ontario.
"We have enormous trouble with
distributing our magazine. Naturally the
distributors have greater interest in
hustling Playboy and Penthouse because
they bring in the dough."
As it stands now 13 of 14 national
distributors are foreign-owned and none of
these continental companies has shown the
slightest interest in promoting Canadian
magazines.
Maclean-Hunter established the only
Canadian -owned distributors in the late 60s
and they have provided some marginal
newsstand exposure to Canadian
magazines. But despite Maclean-Hunter's
efforts only 3 percent of Canadian magazine
sales are from newsstands while American
periodicals sell 55 per cent of their Canadian
circulation on newsstands.
If people do not see and recognize a
magazine on the newsstand it is unlikely
they will subscribe and many Canadians
never see some of the country's leading
publications.
Producing a magazine has never been
cheap and inflation and recession have
pushed publishing costs sky-high.
Paper costs have increased over 50 per
cent during the past two years and unexpectedly high wage settlements for printers
have made publishing increasingly expensive. B.C. publishers report their paper
prices are the highest in North America and
they are forced to import paper from places
like Michigan and Scandinavia. It can cost
15 to 20 per cent more to publish a magazine
in B.C. than anywhere else in Canada.
And magazines are among the first to feel
the impact of a recession as companies trim
their advertising budgets to save money.
"Whenever the economy is bad one of the
first people to be hurt are magazines," says
Tony MacDonnell of Vancouver's Journal of
Commerce. "The ad market is particularly
bad this year," he adds.
Higher costs have forced some magazines
to double their newsstand price and many,
including Saturday Night, Canadian Forum,
Last Post and Canadian Dimension have
had to appeal to readers for funds.
Last October Saturday Night magazine
announced it would suspend publication
because it was "seriously undercapitalized."
The magazine has since found new
financing but its temporary demise exposed
the chronic lack of working capital which
afflicts most magazines publishing ir
Canada.
Printers often demand cash on the nail for
publishing each issue when the magazine
may not receive any returns on sales till
several months later.
Banks will often refuse to lend the large
sums necessary unless the magazine can
prove it has large assets as collateral. These
assets usually do not exist in publications,
who invest all they have in producing each
issue.
Despite the plethora of problems facing
the magazine industry a new wave of interest and enthusiasm has recently arisen
from editors and publishers and, perhaps
most significantly, from the federal
government.
This new interest reached a peak on Jan.
24 at the Conference on the state of English
Language Publishing in Canada in Peterborough, Ont., attended by secretary of
state Hugh Faulkner and representatives of
the Canadian Publishers' Association.
The day before he arrived at the conference Faulkner got up before the house of
commons and announced the special
exemptions to Time and Reader's Digest in
the Income Tax Act would be ended by April
1976.
Most magazine publishers welcomed this
move as long overdue but many editors have
voiced skepticism about premature excitement before the full effects on advertisers can be seen.
Kidd says he has already received notice
that some liquor companies that advertise
in Time Canada will move to Pacific
Yachting   when   the    Income    Tax   Act
U.S. books
Alternate mag ... government grants help its struggle to survive.
By KEN DODD
An examination pf the Canadian book
publishing industry just has to have a
paradoxical and ultimately angering effect
on anyone of even the slightest nationalist
persuasion.
On the one hand, one's faith in humanity is
likely to be boosted a notch or two, by
realizing the financial sacrifices Canadian
publishers, large but mostly small, must
make to keep on publishing.
Without wanting to sound heroic, it is
generally a case of a number of dedicated
individuals making a lot of sacrifices toward
financial well-being and attendant comforts
for the sake of trying to retain, increase and
solidify a definite Canadian-owned and
oriented publishing industry in Canada.
Most of the individuals involved could
certainly make much more money doing
something else.
But this heart-throbbing reaction is
quickly swallowed up by an overwhelming
feeling of depressing inevitability as one
sees how foreign domination (which almost
always means U.S.) of our publishing industry continues to increase, to the point
where no Canadian-owned publishing house
is anywhere near to being financially stable
and the situation is fast worsening.
In 1973 foreign writers counted for $242
million of Canadian book sales, 84 per cent
of the total. Canadian writers counted for
$49 million of sales — but only $15 million of
this was accounted for by Canadian
publishers.
The proportion of the market served by
Canadian writing has decreased from 38 per
cent in 1966 to 24 per cent in 1969 to 17 per
cent in 1973.
The great irony of this decline in the
proportion of Canadian book sales is that it
has occurred at a time when more than a
dozen new national publishing houses and
many more regional operations have sprung
up, as part of the nationalistic fervor of the
past decade.
Also, total book sales in Canada have
multiplied several times in the past decade.
Yet the profits being made from this boom
are being more and more shared between
foreign-controlled firms, with Canadian
firms existing ever more precariously and
ever more on the fringe of increasing sectors of the industry.
In this light it is not surprising many of the
more prominent Canadian publishing
houses have sold out to foreign (U.S.) interests.
The trend toward complete foreign
takeover finally gained fairly widespread
media attention and started drawing the ire
of liberal-oriented nationalist groups like
the committee for an independent Canada
(whose original co-chairman significantly
was Jack McClelland, president of McClelland Stewart Ltd.) in 1970 when the giant
U.S. firm McGraw-Hill bought Ryerson
Press, then the largest Canadian-owned
publishing house, from the United Church of
Canada.
One reaction was the formation of the
Independent Publishers' Association, which
now represents 75 Canadian-owned book
publishing houses, as a broad alliance to
fight this Americanization trend. National
alliances of writers, librarians and
booksellers were also either formed or
became more militant for similar reasons,
at this time.
However their lobbying with federal and
provincial governments has apparently had
little tangible effect, since statistics show
the slide toward greater American control
of the Canadian book publishing industry
has obviously now slowed.
A comprehensive study of the whole
Canadian book publishing situation,
released by the IPA in Dec. 1974, concluded
that more and more American or American-
controlled firms were cutting into Canadian
profits.
The only publishing area where Canadian
publishers still have maintained anywhere
near a firm sales position is in "trade" book
sales, which circulate the lowest volume and
generally are the lowest profit makers.
Trade titles include novels, histories,
biographies, social and political criticism
and books on the arts, poetry and humor.
But the IPA study concludes that now
even in this area, American-controlled
firms are "skimming the cream off the top"
and publishing more and more best-selling
Canadian-written titles in these fields.
The main reason this is occurring is the
Page Friday. 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975 fishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpublishpu
on brink of collapse
99
etions take effect next year. Kidd says he
nks big circulation magazines like
cleans and Chatelaine will absorb much
the advertising money displaced from
ne and Reader's Digest but many other
radian magazines will gain revenue.
'acific Yachting has the largest cir-
ation of any magazine west of Toronto.
Jut Michael Cross says Canadian Forum
i other small circulation and special
jrest magazines will receive none of the
ra ad revenue.
'Faulkner's move will have no effect
atsoever on small magazines. We support
i on this matter as a matter of principle,
certainly won't benefit us."
"here is no guarantee advertisers from
ne and Reader's Digest will not take
ich of their money 'away from the
tgazine industry and use it in other media.
e advertisers that do stay in magazines
ii at large affluent middle-class audience
i so are likely to ignore small, special
erest publications that do not reach that
)up.
"he day after his announcements in the
ose Faulkner reaffirmed his previously
ted hopes that a Canadian newsmagazine
uld arise from the ending of special
vileges to Time and Reader's Digest.
Magazine spokesmen agree the most
:iting effect of ending the special
vileges to Time and Reader's Digest is
leed the possibility a Canadian
cvsmagazine will arise to replace Time
nada' (Time Canada president Steven
Rue has said the magazine would cease
jlishing its Canadian section if its special
exemptions are revoked).
Faulkner's   speech  to  publishers   in
Peterborough leaves no doubt the prospect
of a national newsmagazine influenced his
decision to end the exemptions.
"Discussions I have had with several
people in the magazine industry have led me
to believe that if the intent and purpose of
section 19 were restored, a Canadian
newsmagazine would follow. I expect that to
happen now," Faulkner said.
He spoke first to Maclean-Hunter, the
logical choice for a venture as costly as a
weekly newsmagazine. Since then Macleans
has made extensive plans to start publishing
one.
Macleans B.C. writer Paul Grescoe says
there are "definite plans to have a weekly
Macleans" and the magazine may begin to
appear twice a month as early as next fall.
He said the 52-page magazine will be
"predominantly Canadian in tone and include eight pages of regional news and eight
pages of international news. The regional
news would come from eight bureaus across
the country.
"Obviously Macleans thinks much of the
financing from Time ads will come to them.
They look on a newsmagazine as a paying
prospect."
To this end Macleans editor Peter C.
Newman has said he would need an editorial
budget of $2.5 million to produce the
magazine and he has made arrangements
for a staff of 60.
Generally Faulkner's vague proposals
announced at the Peterborough conference
fell   far   short   of   Canadian   Publishers'
Association hopes. The best received
proposal was that the government assist
publishers in establishing a co-operative
national distribution service to "mount a
united and systematic attack on the
market."
"I do not see the massive government
intervention as the answer to the industry's
problems. I think a generous measure of
self-help is a far sounder approach in the
long run," Faulkner said in his speech.
Faulkner also said the government would
give more display space to Canadian
publications at federal facilities like airports and hold down second class postal
rates for magazines.
Magazine editors are united in criticizing
Faulkner for his lack of action to establish a
more comprehensive magazine grant
program, create a guaranteed loans
program and state a solid policy to set up a
national co-operative distribution service.
According to Michael Cross "there was
precious little" in Faulkner's speech for
publishers to get excited about.
Since the government has stated it will not
directly subsidize struggling magazines
publishers will have to look to other sources
to bolster their financial positions recently
undercut by inflation and a poor economic
climate.
Magazines have been forced to solicit
private investment from readership contributions and corporations. Saturday Night
was bailed out with a $100,000 loan from
Imperial Oil and $50,000 from its readers, as
well as eight other private loans of $25,000
each.
But Saturday Night was in a desperate
situation and most magazines say they
would hesitate at accepting such massive
subsidies from a private source.
Cross says Canadian Forum has to rely on
private grants to survive but he would not
like to accept a large corporate grant
"because of the danger of compromising
ourself." Cross said his magazine collects
some money from Canada Council grants by
posing as a cultural magazine while it in fact
concentrates on political issues.
Most B.C. magazines are in a state where
they will accept financing from almost any
source.
Kidd and a group of other magazines
including Western Living, Pacific Yachting,
B.C. Outdoors and Vancouver Magazine are
forming a B.C. magazine association which
will push to improve the health of the
provincial industry.
The association will fight for a Canadian
section on B.C. newsstands or, preferably a
B.C. section on newsstands. The magazines
will also give the Secretary of State "input"
about the proposals put forward at the
Peterborough conference.
Yet once Canadian magazines gain some
financial strength — that is if distributors
begin to expose them more fairly on
newsstands, editors improve the quality of
copy and editorial content improves will
people take the leap and subscribe?
Signs indicate that given a fair chance to
compete with foreign imports and given a
national audience increasingly aware of
Canadian issues, events and culture, the
Canadian magazine may soon experience a
renaissance that will be fascinating to
watch.
xreaten Canadian publishers
perior financial position of the American-
cked firms. With greater assets they have
much easier time getting credit from
nks than the smaller, financially-troubled
nadian firms. This allows them great
vantages in promotion, advertising and
tribution.
3ut also it allows the American firms to
re Canadian writers higher guaranteed
urns than can Canadian firms. Faced
th the prospect of getting a higher initial
yment or advance from an American firm
d likely wider distribution which means
>re potential sales once the book is
Wished, many Canadian writers have
ig chosen to publish with American rather
in Canadian firms.
Commenting on this trend, current IPA
sident Jim Lorimer, president of James
"imer and Co. publishers (formerly
nes, Lewis and Samuel Ltd.) of Toronto,
i delegates at December's Canadian
iversity Press convention in Saskatoon
t best-selling Canadian writers Don
rron (Charlie Farquharson) and Barry
jadfoot have recently had manuscripts to
v books bought away from McClelland
i Stewart by the U.S. publisher
ubleday.
orimer noted that this situation tends to
'e a negative psychological effect on
Iding Canadian writers. He said his
gest problem as a publisher is finding
ters who are willing to put enough time
1 effort into their writing over a long
mgh period of time that they can
iblish a name for themselves on the
ladian market and become self-sufficient
m their writing.
istead, said Lorimer, many writers give
> this system-inducing inferiority com-
x and instead expend their efforts in the
nparative security of academia or
rnalism.
tably with the sale of Ryerson in 1970 and
attendant increased ripples of concern,
h the federal and" Ontario governments
mised some action to alleviate the rapid
erican drift in the industry,
he Ontario government established a
al commission to look into the entire
ilishing industry in that province, where
course   the   major   Canadian-   and
American-controlled firms have their head
offices. The three-man commission, headed
by Toronto lawyer and author Richard Rohmer, handed down a report in 1972, which
provides much valuable statistical material
on the publishing situation, even if the
recommendations were generally criticized
by many Canadian publishers as not going
far enough to directly counter the foreign
domination in the field.
Since_ however, both the Ontario and
federal governments have responded with
aid programs featuring grants and loans, to
help Canadian publishers. The Ontario
government loaned well over $1 million to
four major Ontario publishing houses in
1972, including an $855,000 loan to McClelland and Stewart and a $638,000 loan to
the second largest Canadian-owned
publishing house, Clarke-Irwin Ltd.
Secretary of state Hugh Faulkner has
recently announced that the federal
government's total aid to book and
magazine publishing will be increased to
more than $7 million this year, continuing a
program largely started in 1972.
Yet, as the IPA study especially underlines, the American takeover has not
been abated.
The IPA charges the problem is that the
government is simply offering handouts
rather than giving structural initiatives to
Canadian publishers and curbing foreign
involvement.
The IPA survey shows Canadian books
account for only two per cent of mass
paperback sales — that is, those you see in
your corner drug or grocery store — and
only per cent of these are from Canadian-
owned publishing houses.
This sales rate compares with 20 per cent
Canadian sales average in retail bookstores,
where Canadian titles are almost exclusively found.
And since newsstand sales constitute the
bulk of sales in smaller cities and towns
where bookstores are too specialized to be
economical, sales of Canadian books are
reportedly negligible in centres with under
20,000 people.
Part of this distribution problem certainly
stems from the fact 12 of Canada's 14
nationa 1 distributors are foreign-based, with
Maclean-Hunter being the major exception.
Another problem is that American firms
can afford to produce paperbacks in larger
volumes, thus keeping down per unit costs.
Often these firms buy paperback rights to
proven Canadian bestsellers, because of this
financial advantage.
k'^'lliiMi vkmWL^wessm^wv'*'1^^'' ».     u
Paperback racks... stocked by U.S.-controlled distributors, few Canadian books are
seen.
To counter this the IPA and the Writers'
Union of Canada called in Nov. 1974 for a six-
month moratorium on sales of Canadian
mass market reprint rights of Canadian
books to foreign subsidiaries.
Also the IPA and other associated groups,
have advocated the federal government
pass legislation introducing quotas on the
amount of Canadian versus foreign
paperbacks that must be distributed to mass
paperback racks.
However when speaking Jan. 24 at the
conference on the state of English language
publishing in Canada, held at Trent
University in Peterborough, Faulkner indicated the government was not willing to
regulate private distributors.
Instead he promised the government
would utilize federal facilities to the fullest
to sell Canadian books and magazines,
promising an "adequate representation" of
Canadian authors on newsstands in airports
and railway stations and the establishment
of book outlets in post offices and other
federal buildings.
Faulkner mentioned nothing about a
possible moratorium on sales of Canadian
mass paperback reprints to foreign subsidiaries.
But it is school textbooks and not
paperbacks that form the largest sector of
the Canadian book market, and offer the
greatest opportunity for profits. Not surprisingly, this area is especially dominated
by foreign-controlled firms, especially since
Ganada's largest textbook publisher, W. J.
Gage was sold to American interests in 1970.
To counter this trend the IPA recommends provincial governments require that
publicly-funded institutions such as
universities, schools and libraries should
have to buy books from Canadian suppliers.
The Quebec government has taken the lead
here and legislated such regulations.
The IPA's reasoning here is that such
regulations would enormously strengthen
the position of Canadian wholesale and
retail book suppliers against the foreign-
controlled firms in this key sector of the
industry, thus facilitating greater
distribution of Canadian books.
SeePF8: PUBLISHERS
Friday, February 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 5 usicmusicmusicmusicmusicmusicmu
Master cellist rapturous
By ANDRE PARADIS
On Thursday Feb. 13, Mstislav
Rostropovich played at the Orpheum Theatre. His entrance did
not convey total pleasure for the
moment on his part. This could be
borne out by several in the
audience who had seen him on his
previous visit to Vancouver. An off
night, however, for Rostropovich is
still a night of artistic integrity and
pleasure.
The end of the evening was
rapturous; Rostropovich's insight
and expression remain unmatched
in the busy world of cello music-
making. A standing ovation graced
the final encore of this great man.
The austere black and off-white
curtains on the Orpheum's stage
did not seem as severely straightforward as the master cellist when
he quickly seated himself.
As an alternative io the smiling
and head nodding with which artists usually approach an audience,
Rostropovich instantly greeted us
with the Adagio of Bach, a concert
opening he has used several times.
Rostropovich's insight is played
so directly from his profound
culling of the repertoire that one
can say that his tone or his instrument's tone is not overly
warm. If so, it is by his choice.
Certainly, today, Paul Tortelier
and Janos Starker maintain a
much more heartwarming cello
tone. However, the quality of that
which is communicated remains
ever more fulfilling in the music of
Rostropovich. If at 48
Rostropovich's performance is
attained by his awareness of an off
night — we can soon be made to
forget it.
Schumann's Adagio And Allegro
is both difficult and beautiful. On
Thursday we were only aware of
the marvellous beauty.
Rostropovich's accompanist,
Samuel Sanders, kept apace
discreetly and showed well during
his brief solos. The Adagio encompasses a wide range and the
Allegro portion has relentless
progressing energy — a fantastic
acquaintance piece.
The Sonata No. 2 in F Major,
opus 99 for cello and piano by
Brahms continues to be the most
ravishing chamber music for cello
from the late Romantic period.
Unexpected suggestion and nuance
emerged from this milestone.
Witnessing the technical and
emotional achievement of
Rostropovich is much more dizzying than a new view of the land
from a terrifically high
skyscraper. It is almost as though
he does not know where to leave
off. One can choose not to follow.
One can be numbed by the thrust of
the overwhelming amount of
perception here. At the same time,
there is nothing but acute and
honest interpretation. The cellist
seemed both child and demon.
Rostropovich has also left his
mark on composers. Several works
have been written especially for
him. New to us was a presentation
of Leonard Bernstein's
Meditations (two) dedicated to
Rostropovich. As played, they
certainly seemed inventive: a wide
use of harmonics and accented
emotional growlings. The two
pieces offered contrasts within the
soul of Mr. Bernstein's perusals of
the American and Jewish cultures.
They do not, however, seem
destined to be placed among his
several masterworks.
The last work on the program,
the Sonata in D minor, Opus 40
(1934) for cello and piano is arch-
Shostakovich. Its homogeneity
resembles that of the much later
cello concerto, but it is apparently
more collective. Thematic
statements are competently
reintroduced in the summation of
the last movement, but the dazzle
and spark of the first two
movements are best balanced by
the serious Largo. It is this third
movement which unwinds the
driving pulse of the second
movement (Moderato con moto)
and gives a thick and rich underlay
of brooding Russian sentiment.
This sonata, probably the best of
the early 20th century, has a high
staying power.
The heatedness and subtlety of
this all-out Rostropovich performance brought the ingenuity of
this work to its limits.
The sumptuous Apres un Reve of
Faure and an impressive, humor-
filled showpiece, Ellentanz, sang
happily through the intensity of the
evening. Rostropovich's is the sort
of genius that gives joy; no sombre
"artsy" mulling could take place
afterward. It was indeed a
celebration.
'LAST TANGO
IN PARIS'IS A
LIGHT-HEARTED
ROMP COMPARED
TO THE NIGHT PORTER"'
—Newsweek Magazine
THE
NIGHT
PORTER
SHOWS at 12:15,
2:35, 5:00, 7:30,
9:45
SUNDAY at 2:35,
5:00,7:30,9:45
/jfflgffiffl^^
Warning — Occasional
suggestive scenes
of perverted sex
R. McDonald
B.C. Director
Odeon
881   GRANVILLE
682-7468
"THE TEXAS CHAIHSAW
An extremely
gruesome
disgusting
picture
"
Vogue
R. McDonald    |howsat 12:15   1:50,3=45,   %%?"7 V
B.C. Director   *•+*>• 7.3S. 9.30
Robert -'Jeremiah
Redford Johnson1
GENERAL
Shows at 12:15 2:05 4:00
5:50 7:45 9:50
Sunday 2:05 4:00 5:50 7:45 9:50
Coronet
• 51   GRANVILLE
685-6828
"STAVISKYisoneofthe
most rewarding films I've seen
tlliS yeB,r. "-/Vora Sayre, New York Times
"Resnais brings the period to
life, creating an aura of elegance
and grace and a mood of sadness
and corruption."
— Kathleen Carroll, NY Daily News
"STAVISKY with Jean-Paul
Belmondo is an exquisite recreation of the early thirties
milieu of political scandal and
prejudice."
— Judith Crist New York Magazine
"Resnais never makes a false
move... creates the mood missed
by 'The Great Gatsby.' The cast
is splendid."      -Newsweek Magazine
"STAVISKY is Alain Resnais'
best film."-William Paul, Village Voice
in ALAIN RESNAIS'
Varsity
224-3730*'
4375 W. 10th
JERRY GROSS Presents JEAN-PAUL BELMONDO
STcWISKY
Starring CHARLES BOYER
Directed by ALAIN RESNAIS ■ Screenplay by JORGE SEMPRUN
Musical Score Composed by STEPHEN SONDHEIM
Distributed by Prima Film Inc.
ENGLISH SUBTITLES
SHOW TIMES: 7:30, 9:30
EARTHflUAKf
MATINEES SAT. & SUN. 2 P.M.
EVENINGS 7:00, 9:15
Mature
CHARLTON HESTON CAMBIE .. 18,h
EVA GARDNER — GEORGE KENNEDY      8762747
INGMAR BERGMAN'S
Scenes From A Marriaqe"
I    iu   I  lllrvi-sn W
Dunbar
Liv Ullman
SHOWS: ONE COMPLETE
SHOW 8 P.M.
MATURE — Some sex scenes.
R. McDonald, B.C. Director
224-7252
DUNSAR at 30th
ITHEBffl—1
STARTS
FRIDAY
MMura
Page^Friday^6
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975 PF    INTERV>
'The anti-war movement couldn't sustain itself
spiritually,9 the officially ex-Reverend Phil Berrigan
told staffer Berton Woodward last week. But Berrigan
struggles on, surely with God on his side.
By BERTON WOODWARD
The Rev. Philip F. Berrigan first came to
public attention as a major anti-war figure
when he was arrested and later convicted,
with three others, for pouring duck blood on
Baltimore selective service records Oct. 27,
1967.
Shortly after he was sentenced May 24,
1968 to six years in jail, he was tried and
convicted with his more flamboyant
brother, Rev. Daniel Berrigan and seven
others for burning about 600 draft files at
Catonsville, a suburb of Baltimore. Philip
Berrigan received a 3-1/2-year concurrent
with the first; his brother was given three
years.
But the Berrigans had not been put out of
commission as far as former FBI director J.
Edgar Hoover was concerned. He indicted
Philip Berrigan and named Daniel Berrigan
as a co-conspirator January 12, 1971 for
allegedly plotting, while in jail, to kidnap,
with five others also indicted, then-national
security adviser Henry Kissinger and to
dynamite federal buildings.
A jury deadlocked on the conspiracy
charges but Philip Berrigan was sentenced
to serve two years, concurrent with his
original six-year sentence, for smuggling
letters out of prison.
Philip Berrigan was released on parole
Dec. 20, 1972 after serving three years. His
brother had earlier been released because of
ill health.
Philip Berrigan later married Elizabeth
McAlister, a former nun who worked with
him in the Movement. Both were excommunicated from the Catholic church for the
marriage.
Berrigan, now 51, came to UBC last week
as part of a speaking tour publicizing the
plight of Valentyn Moroz, a Ukrainian
historian imprisoned in the Soviet Union
since 1965 for challenging the cultural
Russification program in the Ukraine.
This interview was squeezed into 20
minutes Berrigan had between media stops
oh a hectic day of speeches and interviews.
Page Friday: The Movement that you
have been a part of has become muted, to
say the least, since the time in the late 60's
when you gained your greatest notoriety.
What's happened, and what is happening
now?
Phil Berrigan: Well, basically it's very
deep into culture shock. One can put a very
positive stamp on what is happening with
Movement or ex-Movement people today
and say, well, they're getting into reflection
and they're gathering together some inner
resources and they'll be heard from again. I
think that would be somewhat simplistic. I
don't know, I don't have any evidence that
that is happening on that large a scale.
I think that the Movement has to be — not
only because of circumstances but because
of even history — it has to be a qualitative
thing and the main work is going to be done
by a little nucleus of people.
I remember a friend of mine who was
well-acquainted with the Continent and who
really was familiar too with who sparked the
Resistance against the Nazis when that
whole terror had engulfed Western Europe.
And he found to his amazement that at the
heart of the so-called Underground in
France, or other areas of Western Europe,
were the people with some roots, the people
with a kind of a life-long commitment about
them, the people who were able to take the
humiliations and the danger and do the s-h-i-
t work and who didn't give in to
discouragement. They weren't torn apart by
the very fact that they were disappointed —
disappointed mostly in those who should
have been working with them.
Part of the problem was that we had this
illusory hope, and I shared it, this naive
hope that we could turn the American
empirearound, that we could even force it to
reduce its atrocities and to change some of
its priorities and I think we were successful
in curbing some of its excesses.
For example I think there would likely be
involvement of American troops in Indochina even today if it were not for the
strength of the Movement in the United
States. We were successful in curbing some
of that, but turning it around? No, of course
not.
PF: Do you think people have given up in
that case? What is the current that is running through the people who have simply
turned away?
P.B.: Well, there's no general current.
Some will say, well, we have to serve the
poor, we have to get with the victims up
close, we have to do the ghetto thing, we
have to open up the soup kitchen, we have to
go with the farm workers, we have to do
this, we have to do that.
But very, very few are saying look, there's
this profound political duty, conscientious
and political duty, of resisting the murder,
the murder as it continues year after year
after year as it flows from the American
grist mill. Simply because that course of
action always involves a great deal of difficulty, a great deal of risk. You might have
to sacrifice some of your freedom if you
continue on that tack.
PF: You don't see any one overriding
reason, then, for the lack of commitment?
P.B.: I have cited some of the overriding
reasons. I did speak about culture shock, I
did speak about the kind of emotional and
psychological punishment that the people in
the United States have taken because of this
war. It's a thing that's very, very hard to
explain to Canadians. You've had your
activists up here but in comparison jt was a
superficial involvement, wasn't it?
PF: Oh, by all means.
P.B.: Superficial, and therefore you don't
know anything about burned-out cases, you
don't know anything about emotional and
spiritual casualties. See, we know all about
them because they litter the landscape down
in the States.
There were literally millions of people
involved in the anti-war struggle in the
United States. Predominantly these people
are out of it now.
Generally I can say this to you: the
Movement was gotten together too quickly,
and it was too poorly based, too little in
touch with its roots and it couldn't sustain
itself spiritually. One of the great sections of
Moroz' book deals with the fact that any
movement is spiritual in nature. If you're
going to be arguing for human rights, for
human emancipation, for the freedom of
human beings from any crushing machine
like the imperial machine of the United
States or the Soviet Union, the Movement
has to be spiritual, it has to begin from
within.
And people found they didn't have the
spirituality to sustain it and there's a lot of
reasons why they didn't. But when you
discover that you didn't have those
resources it can be a hell of a disquieting
experience because you discover yourself
lacking in your humanity. You can't sustain
the very, very human concerns that people
had in the States, you can't sustain that. And
so people break up and they hide behind the
woodwork now.
PF: How much direct force do you think
the actions of you and your brother and
those you were working with had?
P.B.: Oh, we made our little contribution.
I don't want to be exaggerated in my claims
because there's too much of that going on in
the States now and when it happened. But
we were able to extend a few alternatives to
people and we were able to say to them,
look, the war exists, we're doing this over
that. Our response has been this direction or
this course. If you don't like that one, well,
find one as good or find a better one.
An awful lot of people — after all, there
were about 200, in excess of 200 anti-
corporate and selective service raids from
1967, when I first acted, to 1971. Maybe about
250, conservatively, involving a couple of
thousand extraordinary people who were
laying their freedom on the line, who could
have been shot at any of these sites because
many of the raids were surreptitious. They
seemed to think that ours was a fairly good
idea and they'd blend with it. That's about
all you can do.
You can create an example, and you can
say, 'go your own course.' How much influence that had . . . well I know the
government was worried enough about us to
be hamstrung a bit — well, worried about us
— because they had been hamstrung a bit
and the internal workings of the selective
service system — conscription — was
definitely hurt because of what had been
done. And (former selective service head
General Lewis) Hershey testified to that
fact to the Senate sub-committee hearing.
A part of the second indictment dealt with
the fact that we had conspired — myself,
there again, as mastermind — to destroy the
selective service system throughout the
Northeast where most of these raids had
happened. They were worried enough about
us to do that. So I guess we had some little
impact.
PF: You still consider yourself a Catholic
priest, do you not?
P.B.: Yeah, I guess I'll be that until I die.
PF: I see you aren't wearing a collar. But
what is the synthesis of your beliefs in the
church and your political activism? How do
you apply your church teachings to what
you're doing now — or, what you did then
and what you're doing now, anti-war
and. ...
P.B.: Well, as you get more deeply into it,
ot course, you try to penetrate more deeply
:thd reasons why a person should say "No" to
evil, injustice, tyranny, superstate control,
all of that range of crap that comes down on
people. And you find more and more that
your tradition, as any good tradition worth
having, your tradition has plenty to say
about this.
So Biblically speaking — and here I
always drag it back to the Bible — the Bible
says that people only have two enemies and
the first enemy is themselves — their own
selfishness, their own evil, their own
violence, their own disregard for people —
and the second enemy is the state.
The state. The Book of Revelations makes
a very powerful point of that. The state is the
beast. So you begin to see life in those terms.
What we're really opposing is our own inner
violence, our own inner corruption and then
the way that feeds into the state and sustains
it. Because the way most people live is
actually the way the state operates, if you
follow me.
The state guarantees the choices that
people have made about the way they want
to live. And most people exploit the hell out
of one another. And so in the States and in
Canada we have a standard of living, of
course, which largely is paid for off the
backs of the poor — and overwhelmingly
that means Third World poor. And
Canadians and Americans like it that way.
After all, it's very, very satisfying, it's
comfortable, it's posh, it feeds the ego, they
think they're superior as a result, they like it
that way. And so in a sense we get what we
deserve from the State and it's kind of
useless to decry the evils of the State without
really looking at individual and personal life
and saying, "well, I'm on the same trip
down here at the grass roots."
PF: Where does all this take you as an
ideal? And do you consider yourself part of
what is traditionally defined as the left and
therefore share some of their goals?
P.B.: I don't really like labels too well
because I find them too imprecise. What I'm
trying in my own life, and what those I work
with and demonstrate or protest or resist
with, what they're all about is trying to
hammer out what the new society is going to
look like in their own lives.
Our historical sense tells us that any
really lasting movement in history is always
started with a group of people who go back
to essentials. And in light of our experience
in the 60's and in light of the whole range of
burned-out cases that I can tick off endlessly, far into the night, I find that that's
even more imperative today.
So what do we do? We try to deepen our
roots, we try to purify our personal lives, we
live poorly, we're not boxed in by money or
taxes — we don't submit to either of those
threats — we live in community. We're in
constant resistance and we organize from
Connecticut south to the District, in about
five states.
We're trying to say to people, "Look, your
life is going to be defined by resistance. And
the tools to resistance are going to be just
two: Number one would be non-violence and
one would be community. The first because
it's a human tool, the second because you
need community to sustain you when the
consequences come down.
People are struggling for control over
their lives. And they're in rebellion against
their 'own slavishness as well as the
slavishness imposed upon them by their
culture and especially by the state.
Now when that recognition strikes home,
then we will have something built out of the
grass roots which will affect structures and
give us something far more human and far
more temperate in that regard. But without
that nothing happens. Nothing is going to. It
has to start to with the people.
Friday, February 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
?. m'
fyw.$!44*?A& Chains of wifery examined
By GRACE ENG
A Woman Under the Influence is
a love story of a man who is happy
with his work, content with his life
and ignorant of the personal
dimensions of the woman he loves.
The love affair between Nick
(Peter Falk) and Mabel (played by
Cassavetes' wife, Gena Rowlands)
is strange and withdrawn, delicate
A Woman Under the Influence,
Written and
directed by John Cassavetes
Produced by Sam Shaw
Starring Peter Falk and
Gena Rowlands.
and frightening. She is crazy and
he is attracted to her only when
they are alone.
Mabel's passive acceptance of
her wife-role leads her to
repeatedly act in ways not acceptable to Nick. To him, being
embarrassed in front of his friends
and family is against all rules. A
series of these episodes lead to a
scene where she achieves new
heights of madness and is compelled to spend six-months in a
state institution.
She is the woman under the influence of the man she loves. Her
whole being is devoted to pleasing
Nick, taught by her upbringing: to
marry, to please your mate.
Mabel is so' terrified of
displeasing Nick that she cooks
him spaghetti, no matter what the
meal. For spaghetti, she knows,
Nick will like. Mabel struggles
valiantly to fulfil her marital
responsibilities. She gets confused.
She does not know who she is or
what she is supposed to be, or when
she is supposed to be a lover, a
mother, a cook, a hostess, or
anything else.
Loving deeply and not too wisely,
she has laid herself vulnerable to
everything that plagues a woman
in such a situation. Loneliness
strikes when the children are sent
to school. The empty house
becomes an emotional prison and
she fades rapidly into unreality.
Some unexpected emergency at
work forces Nick to cancel an
expected romantic evening with
Mabel. With the children gone for
an overnight stay at their grandparents, the emptiness of the house
Publishers lobby
From PF 5
So the form and strength of the
publishing industry lobby is important.
The most encouraging note of the
recent Peterborough publishing
conference was the formation of
the Book and Periodical
Development Council, an umbrella
organization which will hopefully
result in a more unified stance and
course of action by the relatively
disparate groups it contains.
It is composed of publishers,
writers, poets, librarians and
booksellers.
The Canadian Book Publishing
Council, which is the lobbying
organization of the multinational
publishers in Canada, was also
invited to join and take part in
strategy sessions. But it seems
doubtful enough consensus of
opinion can be found between this
group and the "cultural
chauvinists" they complain
dominate the IPA and other trade
organizations in the industry.
Hopefully however the new
group will still provide a more
powerful lobby than currently
exists.
In the meantime you can do your
own bit, complaining in
bookstores, drug stores and the
like about the lack of Canadian
books and periodicals. Likely your
effect will be minimal but you
should try. I mean, why not?
is too much to bear. She gets
drunk, goes to a bar and picks up a
stranger and, refusing to confront
reality the next morning, calls the
man "Nick".
However, the film doesn't dwell
only on Mabel's vulnerability. Nick
is ignorant and downright insensitive. He is simply a laborer
with tupical machismo values.
Nick's damage of constantly being
embarrassed in front of his friends
and family is cultural, not
psychological.
Having committed her to thle
nuthouse at a point of embarrassed
rage, Nick is scared and ambivalent when Mabel returns
home. Threatened by a new,
stronger wife, Nick quickly stomps
on the small strengths she has
developed.
He ridiculously demands that
she return to her old self. He forces
Mabel to return to her former zigzag personality, where her identity
fed on his needs.
It raises the question: who is
more disturbed? Nick or Mabel?
Under Cassavetes' perceptive
eye, the stars' perfect enactments
emphasize the fragile balance
between the characters. The room,
left for interpretation is what gives
this film its power.
Cassavetes maintains sympathy
for both characters throughout his
unhurried scrutiny of the
relationship which pushes Mabel to
the edge. At times the display of
unglossed and nude emotions is
painful and embarrassing. Being
witnesses to the affair is like sitting
through an encounter  session
lay bare the complex and highly
charged environment which
supports the even greater complexities of what love does to
people.
t- .m.   *'«
without professional guidance.
Although some may complain of
the film's two-and-a-half hour
length, it is an integral part of the
careful unfolding of the situation to
***&••• apple's ••.**;***
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t:» BEATLES V:
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Pick Up Tickets
At 626 Hornby St.
THE CHARLES BOGLE
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new & used records
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DO YOU KNOW
I'D DO ■ANYTHING
FOR YOU FOR AN
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MO, BUT IF YOU    •
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I'LL FAKE IT/
Page Friday. 8
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975 Friday, February 21, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 13
Students can do it
From page 3
extracurricular activities at this
university.
If students want additional activities they're capable of
organizing and co-ordinating them
themselves. That's a job for the
Alma Mater Society.
If the administration wants to
pick up the tab for football games
all over the country, fine. But let's
not have any extra strings attached.
The committee wants a standing
senate committee on extracurricular activities to assess such
programs. It really isn't any of
their business.
Next recommendation:  "The
president and Faculty Association
give immediate consideration to
rewording sections of the faculty
handbook to recognize the contribution which faculty members
may make to the university beyond
participation in academic affairs."
Does this mean faculty members
are supposed to get brownie points
for taking part in extra-curricular
activities? Or will participation in
extra-curricular activities become
one of the-eciteria used to grant
tenure or promotions?
The committee also recommends the university actively
continue its policy of encouraging
people to donate awards for
recognizing   scholarship   level
Kids don't fear
ghosts says study
academic achievement as well as
exceptional ability in artistic or
athletic performance.
By the way, this money is to be
administered by the joint faculty
committee on prizes, scholarships
and bursaries.
Now this smacks of giving extra
brownie points to students. Why
not solicit money in the form of
bursaries for students who can't
afford to come to unversity right
now?
Time for a question. Do all of our
12 student senators have permanent cases of laryngitis? If not,
why the hell aren't they getting up
and questioning the tacit assumptions senate committees like the
one on extra-curricular activities
are making?
And why aren't we as students
getting on their backs and telling
them what we want and don't want
in the first place?
LOS ANGELES (ZNS-CUP) - A
study of fear has found that
children are usually not afraid of
the bogeyman or ghosts.
Instead, their greatest fears are
of killers, dying and the atom
bomb. A team of researchers from
California State University told the
Western Psychological Association
Convention that they asked second-
through-sixth grade children to
rank their 94 greatest fears.
The top three were killer, dying
and the atom bomb, followed by
kidnappers, fourth, and dope
peddlers, fifth. Others near the top
of the list included war, plane
crashes, earthquakes and snakes.
Teachers and fathers tied for
62nd place, while mothers were not
mentioned.
The study has found that as
children grow older their fear of
the devil declines rapidly, while
their fear of "flunking" jumps
sharply.
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THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975
Hot flashes
Truth in
Mam today
Everyone knows what's going
on in South Viet Nam, right? Our
American pals are always telling
us how great things are there and
how shitty things are in North
Viet Nam where those nasty
commies are fucking things up for
freedom.
Sound like a crock of shit?
Why     not     listen     to     what
someone has to say about the
North Vietnamese today? Thich
Mandala, vice president of the
International Committee for aid
to Vietnamese Orphans, speaks
noon today in Buchanan 215 on
North  Vietnamese society today.
Nome ec
The B.C. Home Economics
Association is sponsoring a one-
day conference on existing and
planned consumer legislation.
'Tween classes
TODAY
CAMPUS CRUSADE
FOR CHRIST
Fellowship  meeting  7:30  p.m.   Dr.
Ross' residence.
MUSIC
Grad recital, Jane Cassie, flute,
music building recital hall 8:15 p.m.
NDPCLUB
Human Resources minister Norm
(The Foreman) Levi back from
federal-provincial conference in
Ottawa speaks noon'in Bu. 106.
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
What's    behind    the   energy   crisis.
Speaker   Ed   Livingstone, geological
engineer  and  NDP activist,  8  p.m.
1208 Granville.
LDSSA
Len Hansel speaking on the organization of the Mormon Church noon
Angus 412.
BREAD FOR THE WORLD
Conference on government foreign
policy noon SUB 207-209. Film
When the People Awake, on Chile,
noon in SUB auditorium. Weekend
fast starts 7:30 p.m. and continues
for 40 hours at the Vancouver
School of Theology and St. Marks.
INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE
AGAINST RACISM
Forum on racism with former
alderman Setty Pendakur and Marg
Cantryn noon International House
upper lounge.
CLASSICS
R. Sullivan on Commagene on the
Euphrates, which stacks up to quite
an evening 8 p.m. in the Buchanan
penthouse. Who says Maicolm ain't
got pull?
DAYCARE DAY COMMITTEE
Meeting to organize protest against
current daycare facilities or lack of
them at UBC, noon, SUB 230.    .
Home economics student
tickets are $5.50. It happens
Saturday in the SUB ballroom.
Mrs. Mao
Roxane Witke of Harvard's east
asian research centre will speak at
noon Tuesday on Mao's wife in
profile, a look at Chiang Ch'ing.
Witke recently logged hours of
interviews with Ch'ing and is an
expert on post revolutionary
women in China.
UBC GAY PEOPLE
General meeting, noon, SUB 119.
ECKANKAR
Discussion group noon SUB 224.
ANARCHIST COLLECTIVE
Discussion group, 1:30 p.m., SUB
211.
SCI-FI CLUB
General meeting, discussion of convention, noon, SUB 117.
MONDAY
BREAD FOR THE WORLD
Bob Anderson gives an overview of
Bangladesh, 10:30 a.m., IRC 2;
film: Famine, describing poverty
conditions in India, noon, SUB 205;
Reg McQuaid speaks on the politics
of food, noon, SUB 207-209.
CUE
Louise Mandel on women and the
law, noon, Mildred Brock Lounge,
Brock Hall.
Something to"cheers"aboui:
Now the glorious beer of Copenhagen is brewed right here in Canada.
It comes to you fresh from the brewery. So it tastes even better than ever.
And Carlsberg is sold at regular prices.
So let's hear it, Carlsberg lovers. "One, two, three . . . Cheers!"
V.
international
women's
year
atubc
Kathleen Ruff
Director of the B.C. Human Rights Branch, discusses human
rights issues: does legislation do a job or is it merely a sop to
the conscience? Do minority groups and women share in the
power structure? How the opportunity system circles around
the needs and experience of the successful white male. How
racial and sexual segregation is perpetuated through
benevolent indifference. And more!
New Issues
in Human Rights
at 8:15 p.m.
Saturday, feb. 22
lecture hall 2
instructional resources centre
a  VANCOUVER  INSTITUTE   lecture
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional tines 25c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
BAHA'I FIRESIDE, Fri., 21st Feb., 8:30
p.m. AU ■'welcome. 3881 W. 21st Ave.
(basement ste). Tel: 228-8445.
10—For Sale — Commercial
C   &  C  SPORTS
ANNIVERSARY SALE NOW ON
20% Off Everything
Big  Savings On  Ice  Skates,
Hockey Equipment,  Racquets.
Gym Strip, Etc.
Open 4 p.m.-6 p.m. Mon.-Wed.
4 p.m.-9 p.m. Thurs. & Fri.
9 a.m.-6 p.m.   Saturday
3616  W. 4th  Ave.
AT 4406 W. 10th VARSITY FURNITURE
Best prices paid for furniture and all
miscellaneous items. 224-7313.
T1 — For Sale — Private
'66 VW FASTBACK, rebuilt engine,
6,000 miles, snow tires. Best offer.
873-5736, eves.
FANTASTIC     FILIGREE    JEWELLERY,
$1.00. Outside SUB Cafeteria today.
15 — Found
25 — Instruction
SPRING YOGA CLASSES
i Starting March 3rd
YOGA FITNESS INSTITUTE
3630 West Broadway
Phone: 731-6320
Dr. Bina Nelson — Dir.
30 — Jobs
PART TIME EMPLOYMENT offered to
imaginative Physicist to research and
co-ordinate work on an anti-gravity
machine.   Phone  433-7415.
40 — Messages
LONELY Young African Gent wishes
to meet lady companion and friend
for outings. Reply to Box 40 "The
Ubyssey", Rm.  241 S.U.B.
WOULD ANYONE who witnessed the
accident at Wesbrook Crescent and
10th Ave. Monday, February 17, at 4
p.m., please phone 228-0951. Ask for
Greg.
65 — Scandals
70 — Services
SOUND RESEARCH
Thousands of  Research  Papers.
Custom   Research
Student Resume Services
1969 W. Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.
Phone:   738-3714
Office hours: 1:00-5:00 p.m. Mon.-Sat.
PASSPORT
Visa, Application Photos
U.B.C. SPECIAL $1.95
Regular $2.95
SHOW YOUR AMS CARD
(Negative Free)
CANDID  STUDIOS
3343  W.  Broadway
Phone: 732-7446
INCOME TAX PROBLEMS? Call expert.
Former tax assessor. Prompt service.
Low   rates.   Pick  up.   266-4651.
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
EXPERT CORRECTING IBM Selectric
Typist. Experienced Technical and
Thesis Typing. Reasonable Rates.
Mrs.   Ellis 321-3838.
FAST EFFICIENT TYPING (near 41st
and  Marine  Drive).  266-9053.
THESIS TYPING. IBM Executive. S.60
per   page.   Phone   736-5324 eves.
TYPING DONE in North Vancouver
home. Reliable service, reasonable
rates on your essays, etc. 988-7228.
EXPERIENCED TYPIST available. Typing of any kind. Margo McFee, 304—
1965 W. 8th Ave., Vancouver. Phone
731-1095.
90 - Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous
Use Ubyssey Classified
TO SELL - BUY-INFORM mj,  iouiuuijt   Al,   IT/9
THE      UBYSSEY
15
'Birds rated underdog in Alberta
BySTULYSTER
The hockey 'Birds leave for Edmonton
today at noon for the CWUAA hockey
championships against the heavily favored
Golden Bears.
The Bears finished league play last
weekend fifteen points ahead of the second
place 'Birds in twenty-four games, losing
only one game at home in the process. That
loss came at the hands of the 'Birds, 6-5 in
overtime on February 7.
In short, the 'Birds are definite underdogs.
That's not to say the 'Birds won't have a
chance to advance to the CIAU quarter
finals. They took two of the six games
against the Bears in regular season play.
They could have a third back in November,
but the Bears came back from a 3-2 deficit to
pull out a 6;3 overtime win.
What the 'Birds are going to have to do is
play consistently. They have already proven
they can skate with the league leaders.
But all too often this season the 'Birds
have let up for one period in a game, letting
the other team catch up or pull past.
Probably the best example of this happened Tuesday night at Kerrisdale Arena
against the Japanese National team. The
'Birds had them on the ropes at the end of
the first period, leading comfortably 2-0.
But they started the second as if the game
had already been decided, slacking off
enough to give the Japanese some skating
room, which they turned into three well-
earned goals.
It wasn't until halfway through the third
that the 'Birds woke up. They made a good
effort to tie it, but it was too late.
Now they are going against the best team
in the league for the Canada West University championship.
And in a best of three series against them
there is no room to fool around.
One last incentive for the 'Birds is that the
winner of this series plays host to ail
remaining Canadian University play-off
games all the way to the CIAU championship series.
With the 'Birds ranked ninth in the
country a couple of weeks ago, a home town
crowd could inspire them to go all the way.
But then there's the Golden Bears tonight
in Edmonton.
For interested fans, the games will be
carried live via CITR Radio 650 to Totem
Park and SUB. Game times are 7:00 p.m.
tonight and Saturday with the teams going
at 1:00 p.m. Sunday if a third game is
necessary.
.J ill  ^ *-  * m>
BARRY KWONG of the Thunderbird ski team competing in the giant slalom at Crystal Mountain outside of
Seattle. Kwong won the slalom and UBC took all events and the overall title. The ski team's Northwest
Collegiate Ski Conference championships are to be held March 1 and 2.
Hoop boredom spurs forecast
By CARL VESTERBACK
Yessir, folks, it's time for
another basketball advance, and if
you think I can come up with a new
slant, you are one big maroon.
The sitchyashun is dull dull dull.
The women have clinched the
Canada West title, and the men
have to depend on the outcome of
two games between Calgary and
Alberta. You read it all in these
pages yesterday, right?
So instead of softening your
minds with yet another rehash of a
boring situation, here are some
completely unsolicited, ill-
considered predictions on the
upcoming fortunes of the two
varsity basketball squads.
There is no doubt in my mind
that the Thunderettes will walk off .
with yet another national championship. Saying the Thunderettes
will win is almost like saying the
sun will rise. But not quite. The sun
could go out.
The Thunderettes have the
height, the talent and the desire
that makes a winning team. They
have the momentum of a long
winning streak, and they have the
Thunderette tradition of basketball
dominance which has developed
over the years.
The Thunderbirds will win two
games from Saskatchewan on the
weekend in a series being played in
Saskatoon. The Huskies are
woefully inept, and should succumb easily.
But don't be too sure. There ain't
no choke team like good ol' UBC,
boy.
And even if they win those two
games, Calgary and Alberta will
have to split their series for the
'Birds to make the playoffs. The
chances of that appear to be good.
Peter Mullins' declaration "We're
dead!" in the wake of that 53-50
loss to Calgary appears to be
premature.
So if the choke 'Birds win, and
the Calgary-Alberta split comes
off, UVic and UBC will play off in
Victoria for the Canada West
league championship and the right
to advance to the national
championships in Waterloo. I think
the 'Birds can do it. But I've been
wrong before.
FIRST TIME IN CANADA
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
SR-16
SLIDE RULE CALCULATOR
DISCOUNT PRICE
*10495
NOW AVAILABLE
AT THE
CO-OP BOOKSTORE
S.U.B. BASEMENT
9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
or call 325-4161 eves.
'Birds thaw for
soccer action
The UBC Thunderbirds soccer
team is back in business; that is if
the weather holds up.
After a layoff of more than 70
days, the soccer 'Birds will mark
their return to the local soccer
scene with a match against Vancouver Sporting Club this coming
Sunday at noon at Empire
Stadium.
However, the 'Birds will have to
do without the services of their
"big guns," Daryl Samson, Greg
Weber and Brian Budd, who will be
away playing for the Vancouver
Whitecaps.
Taking over Samson's midfield
post will be newcomer Ken Beadle.
Beadle played in the 'Birds' last
game against Eldorado Glens Dec.
14 and scored one goal to make it a
2-0 victory for the 'Birds.
Filling in Weber's position
between the posts will be winger
Ron Hirley, while Budd's spot out
in the wing will be taken up by one
of the many forwards UBC coach
Joe Johnson has in his hands.
The 'Birds still have a very good
chance of taking the B.C. Soccer
League title. They are still fourth
in the league, but have games in
hand over the three teams in front
of them.
The 'Birds were originally
scheduled to play the Simon Fraser
University Clansmen on Saturday,
but the League decided to play the
Sporting Club game, which was
scheduled for mid-January, first.
$     $      $      $
$ $ $ GIRLS $ $ $
COULD YOU USB A
LITTLE EXTRA CASH?
^0 ^0 ^V ^B ^mW ^mW ^mW tmmW ImmW ^9
The Nearly New Shoppe will
pay you for your second hand
clothing. We are interested in
everything from long dresses to
leather coats.
Drop in or call
Peggy at 874-3613
The Nearly New Shoppe
3372 Cambie
(between 17th & 18th)
GRADUATE STUDENT
ASSOCIATION
CHEESES
PIZZAS
COLD MEATS
SUBMARINES
ICE CREAM
Where ?
AT
rwyw?ryw^%t^y>re*g>i>i>i>i>*»^^^^
Call for Nominations:
PRESIDENT
2 AMS GRAD REPS
ASSEMBLY COORDINATOR
SECRETARY
Nominations Close at Graduate Student j
Centre Office, 5 p.m. Friday 28th Feb.
Election will be held Friday, March 7.
£££££&£*
P%-%s&s&&p%\ Page 16
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, February 21, 1975
At Tuesday's grad meet
Rule changes debated
Proposed amendments to the
graduating class constitution
would result in discriminatory
fees, grad council member Frank
Tichler charged Thursday.
The proposed constitutional
amendments will be considered
Tuesday in SUB by a grad class
general meeting.
The meeting was called after
student court invalidated a grad
class general meeting of Feb. 7 for
irregularities in the way the
meeting was called and held.
The two constitutional amendments Tichler opposes call for
consideration every year by a grad
class general meeting of allocation
of funds for composite photos and
social functions.
Tichler said as many arts and
science students as possible should
attend the meeting in order to
ensure equity in fees charged to
members of smaller faculties.
Students in faculties which
receive funding for composite
photos would in effect be paying
less in grad fees than students in
other faculties, he said.
The estimated cost per student
for composite photos is $2.45.
Therefore, the actual amount these
students will pay in grad fees is
$4.55 instead of $7 which all other
students will pay, Tichler said.
"I'm against the whole idea
because it's discriminatory," he
said.
Tichler said he wants any grad
class social functions subsidized on
the basis of the number of students
who participate in the functions.
"There should be a social event,
but the question is whether it
should be subsidized by the whole
class because such a small
minority  participates,"   he  said.
Tichler said he wants these
issues to be considered in the
future by a campus-wide
referendum or a mail vote
amongst all undergraduate
students.
He said only a small minority of
the 4,200 students in the graduating
class attend general meetings.
Even if all grad class students
wanted to attend such a meeting,
there is no facility that can accommodate them all.
One of the reasons the Feb. 7
meeting was ruled invalid was that
it lacked the necessary quorum of
10 per cent of the grad class.
Tichler said he will fight the
composite photo amendment in
student court if it is passed at the
general meeting.
Although the proposed constitutional amendments may sound
harmless, they are not, he added..
1975 GRADS
Call today for an appointment
for your FREE 4x5 color portrait.
Your Official U.B.C. graduation
portrait photographers since  1969.
3343 West Broadway, Vancouver
732-7446
DESIGN CONTEST
$500.00 1st PRIZE
Design a colour scheme for ihe
UBC
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre
An overall colour co-ordination scheme is required to improve
the interior aspect of the complete recreational complex.
To include appropriate graphics depicting the many student
activities and campus recreational events held within the
centre.
Open to UBC students only.
_   One prize only.
Anyone interested please notify the building manager Mr. H.
R. Nicholson in writing to become eligible for the competition
and to receive further information
The decision of the management committee is final.
SEND TO:
Mr. H. R. Nicholson
c/o Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre
UBC
INCLUDE:
Name   	
Address:  	
Phone No	
Year and Faculty   	
"It's important that arts and
science students get out there and
indicate that they don't want to pay
$7 when others would pay $4.55."
George & Berny's
VOLKSWAGEN
REPAIRS
COMPLETE SERVICE BY
FACTORY-TRAINED
MECHANICS
FULLY GUARANTEED
AT REASONABLE RATES
731-8644
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
international
women's
year
atubc
Dr. Roxane Witke
a research fellow at Harvard University talks about her
extensive interviews with Mao's wife and other leading
women in the People's Republic of China
CHIANG CH'ING:
MAO'S WIFE IN PROFILE
at 12:30 p.m.
TUESDAY,   FEB. 25
Room 102, Buchanan Building
Sponsored by the Dep't of Political Science, Dep't of History, the
Institute of Asian and Slavonic Research and the Dean of Women's
Office.
Wine-Ait  Guarantees
SUCCESS TO BEGINNERS!
Try It
You'll Like It
At
LINDY'S
It's Easy—It's Fun—It's Economical
Equipment cost to start approx
Ingredients cost 45* to 60* bottle
$25 - oo
w
/
Start making wine at home, the Wine Art way, and we give you a written
Guarantee saving
"Wine Art win refund fun purchase price of ingredients and equipment in
the event you are not able to make acceptable wine — Customer's
reasonable judgment will be final as to whether wine is acceptable or not."
WnvJfot.
^f/iffw    I VANCOUVER
k T^PT J 3417 West Broadway 731-4726
BURNABY
WEST VANCOUVER 4525 East Hastings Street
North Mall, Park Royal    926-1610 299-9737
SURREY
13575 King George Hwy.
588-5810
NEW WESTMINSTER
8l5-12th Street
3211 W.BROADWAY
738-2010
NORTH VANCOUVER
1125 Lonsdale Avenue       987-8713
SAANICH
1678 Poplar Avenue
477-9121
REMINDER
GRAD MEETING
Due to the decision, of students' court on Feb. 12, 1975, the proceedings of the
grad class meeting on Feb. 7 were rendered null and void. This necessitates the
holding of another general meeting and we urge all students graduating in 1975 to
attend. No events can be planned and no money can be spent without the consent
of the students at this meeting.
SUB BALLROOM, 12:30 P.M.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1975

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