UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 22, 1993

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Array theUbysey
■          anniversary!
/     4^S
Top ten list of shame:
BC Ministry of Environment places UBC on biannual polluters list
by Sarah O'Donnell
On 19 August 1993 the BC
Ministry of Environment listed
UBC on a biannual polluters list
meant to shame polluters into
cleaning up their act.
The culprit is an old incinerator on south campus which destroys
pathological (disease related) and
triohazardous wastes generated on
campus by medical and research
During a random test on 25
March 1993, the Greater Vancouver
Regional District (GVRD) air quality and source control found that
UBCs emissions exceeded its per
mit by about three times the allowed amount of particulate matter and five times the amount of
hydrogen chloride.
According to Barbara
Dobrowski, assistant air quality
director ofthe GVRD, both of these
pollutants contribute to health and
visibility problems.
Randy Alexander, UBC's hazardous waste programme manager
whose job is to deal with the incinerator problem, said, "these results
were not unexpected because we
know the unit is not up to standards."
When the incinerator was built
in 1972, UBC was the first university to handle its own wastes. Since
then the university's waste disposal
technology has become out of date.
In 1988 an advisory committee delivered 20 recommendations
which included replacing the old
incinerator and reducing the
amount of waste it burnt.
After several meetings with
community groups, including the
AMS, the Student Environment
Centre and a number of residence
groups, representatives were chosen to deal with concerns over the
proposed new incinerator.
At the beginning of this year,
UBC decided to put the new incinerator project on hold until the
waste reduction commissioner releases a review about what to do
with biomedical waste throughout
the province.
Dobrowski said UBC is "expected to meet their permit regardless of what the report will
say. The new incinerator project is
a totally different thing from meeting their current permit.''
Alexander identified four
things the university is doing in
attempts to comply with its permit,
including hiring an independent
consultant to determine what has
to be done with the current unit to
bring it up to standards.
"Mostimportantly," Alexander
says "we are trying to get people
educated in to how they can reduce
the waste... People get stuck in a
pollution control mentality, we are
trying to get them to think in their
It is uncertain whether UBC
will appear on the polluters list a
second time, but it is questionable
whether another 6 months of shame
will convince the university to put
the new incinerator project back on
Not enough time for Democracy
by Sara Martin
Quadra candidates criticized
the AMS Monday for not inviting
all 13 candidates to speak at the
candidates meeting in SUB auditorium.
The AMS set the podium for
the five candidates from the Reform, NDP, Liberal, National and
PC parties.
Allanah New-Small, a UBC
student and Quadra's Green Party
candidate, took the empty seat of
Liberal candidate, Ted McWhinney
in protest against being shut out of
the debate. McWhinney was unable to attend the debate.
"I was not invited to speak so I
took it upon myself to come up
told the audience
of about 200
people. "Those
who are students
here, like myself,
are not being
served by not
hearing all candidates."
coordinater of external affairs
Carole Forsythe,
who organized
the debate, explained her reason for only inviting the
frontrunner parties.
"If I had overwhelming student opposition I would feel more
pressure to do something, the only
opposition is from the candidates
themselves," she said.
Some ofthe invited candidates
supported New-Small's participation in the debate and criticized the
AMS for their oversight.
The NDFs Tommy Tao told
the AMS, "I think if you apply your
skills and ingenuity you could
accomodate all the 13
candidates...think of it as a challenge."
Willy Spat, the National Party
candidate, suggested the UBC student council pass a resolution that
all-candidate meetings in the future will include all candidates. He
pointed out that Langara college
had invited all ofthe candidates to
their meetings.
Lonelneae Is a terrible thing?
During the question period one
student said he "would like to address [his] question to all 13 candidates but that doesn't seem to be
possible right now."
New-Small was not the only
candidate to protest the AMS candidate meeting. Roman York, an
Independentcandidate, entered the
SUB auditorium bound with an
"AMS gag" over his mouth. York
pinned up a sign which read Totalitarianism is alive and well in
Canada" and sat in silent protest
on the steps beneath the podium.
Walter Opmeer, Quadra candidate of the Christian Heritage
Party, was also not invited to the
"Basically the AMS is telling
people how to think," Opmeer said.
"I am saddened that they are not
offering all points of view and that
they do not want all points of view.
I am sure glad that Carole Forsythe
is such an open-minded person."
Forsythe said "this was not an
all-candidates meeting, it was for
the people who were invited.
"It was not like it was meant to
be an all-candidates debate and
thatlslighted them; I slighted them
because I didn't invite them," she
Forsythe explains she only invited candidates whose party has a
club on campus. "If there is interest
on this campus for a particular
party or an individual they would
have formed a club," she said.
Roger Watts, AMS Director of
Administration and the moderator
ofthe candi dates meeting said, "we
were trying to draw the line somewhere in terms of democracy versus logistics, lets face it, ifs very
difficult, if not impossible to hold a
comprehensive debate between 13
Watts allowed the other candidates who were present but not
invited to speak to stay and talk
after the debate was over.
Forsythe said she has invited
only the top five parties' candidates to the Vancouver Centre can
didates meeting on Friday 22 October. She said that other candi dates
will be allowed to hand out literature but not participate in the debate itself.
Nurse's residence
slated for demolition
by Graham Cook
A motion put forward by
Vancouver Mayor Gordon
Campbell closes the door on afford-
able student housing near
Vancouver General Hospital
A 575-room building built in
1952 to house nursing students
has been slated for demolition in
order to create "interim green
space". City council passed the
demolition motion Thursday despite interest from the UBC Real
Estate Corporation (REC) to turn
the class B heritage building into
dorm-style student housing.
A study by the REC prompted
by local MLA Tom Perry showed
that eight million dollars of renovations could provide residences
which would rent for about $290
per month.
"There seems to be no good
reason for it [the demolition motion]," said Michael Hughes, a student representative on the UBC
Board of Governors. "There was a
consensus among the community
residents to keep this residence
there, but for some reason Gordon
Campbell wants to demolish this
heritage B-list building."
Libby Davies, a city councillor
and current candi date for the COPE
slate, called the vote "outrageous."
"I was very angry that for no
apparent reason the NPA, and specifically Gordon Campbell, is bent
on seeing this residence coming
down," Davies said.
The area around the residence
and the Heather Pavilion across
12th Avenue has been under debate for several years. A new tower
added to VGH was built on the
understanding that green space
would be provided in the area.
"WeVe had an ongoing debate
over a landmark building," Davies
With a civic election coming on
20 November Davies doubted the
decision would be reversed soon,
but said that a new city council
might reverse the decision.
According to Tom Perry, the
provincial government may be able
to stop the demolition as the building is still owned by the hospital.
An "astonished" Perry said he has
already recommended to provincial health minister Paul Ramsay
"to take a careful look" at council's
decision. UBC also has several appointees on the VGH board who
might be able to influence the deci -
sion, Perry said.
55 2    THEUBYSSEY Classifieds
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Speak: up more in groups. Be
assertive. A short training
program (free) offered as part of
counselling research. Can you
ittend a one day workshop on Oc
50 or Nov 6? Call 822-5259 NOW
Free Public Lecture
Saturday, Oct. 23
Professor Julian Davies
Head, Department of Microbiology
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC
at 8:15 p.m.
11 - FOR SALE - Private
74 VWBUG.ex. shape, terrific deal.
New brakes, batt. Must sell. Great
student car! Call 731-4249. $1350
15-FOUND (no charge)
"Physical Diagnostic" at corner of
Wesbrook & Chancellor on Sat. Oct.
16. Pis. call 738-0214.
& board available in clean house on
campus. Meals prepared by prof,
chef. Parking included. $470 per
month. Call 222-9891.
Friday, October 22nd
Dance Horizons. Stretch &
strength. Dance Class. Noon-
1:30pm, SUB Party Room.
African Students Assn. Slide Show
on Ethiopia. 7pm, Intl. House.
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Contact: Mark Melville
2 BDR BSMT for rent, $580 + util.
2870 W. 42 Ave. 15 min bus to
UBC, no W&D, priv. entr. Avail.
Nov. 1. Call Karli 261-1302.
Nov. 1. One bus (41) to UBC. $3257
mo. incl. util. Quiet, mature responsible person wanted. Non-
smoker. References. 327-3904.
BEST-BUY CAR & TRUCK rentals. We gladly accept cash deposits.
We make renting hassle free. Fh.
261-2277 —261-CARS.
Learn how to write and market
business stories. BUCH A102, Mon.
Oct. 25th, 4-6-pm. Lecture by Alan
Bayless of Financial Times. For
details all Pat, Creative Writing
Dept., 822-2712. Learn the tools for
freelance Journalism.
The only Student Travel Experts!
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Psych. Students'Assn. BZZR Garden featuring cheap BZZR, Brain
Tumour Shooter Bar and great
tunes. 4:30pm-??, BUCH Lounge
UBC School of Music. Collegium
Musicum. Steve Morgan, director.
8pm, Recital Hall.
Nursing Undergrad. Soc. "Directions in Nursing." Presentation
series. Speaker: Lenore Riddel,
Women's Health centre,
Shaughnessy Hospital. Forum for
undergrads with B.SN. practising
nurses. Noon-l:20, Univ. Hosp. -
UBC Site, Acute Care Pavilion T-
188 (third floor).
Intro, class, limited to 10 students. Nov. 6 & 7,9am-lpm botl
days. You'll get: basic WP skills
hands-on practise (one computer
per student), a step-by-step
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HEY You beautiful young writer!
You walked into the office today
and I think you would be the perfect
choice for reading me bedtime stories. See me soon. Love, Steve
To my little poisson:
As I sit here with my belly ache and
blind one eye, I desire your company to comfort me in the darkness
of the night. How I long for your
kisses and our sweet little blisses.
Monday, October 25th
Dance Horizons. Stretch & Strength
Dance Class. Noon-1:30, SUB Party
Tuesday, October 26th
Medical-Legal Club. UBC Law. Dr.
Bill Nelmes, "Medical Expert Testimony." Subjective Evidence."
October 26,1993. 12:30, Room 177,
Curtis Building.
Dance Horizons. Jazz I Dance Class.
Noon-2pm, SUB Party Room.
Dance Horizons. Hip Hop Dance
Class. 5-6:30pm, SUB Party Room.
UBC/UVIC Law Schools
If you are contemplating attendance at law school in
Vancouver, Victoria or elsewhere in the Fall of 1994,
come to a joint information presentation by admissions representatives from both faculties of law.
1994 Admissions packages and LSAT applications
will be available. Admissions requirements will be
discussed (LSAT; gpa; Undergraduate program;
faculty of Law (Curtis Building)
Moot Court Room
Thursday 28 October
2:00 pm FRIDAY 22 OCTOBER. 1993
It's not easy being green
by Graham Cook
The leader of a national political party was at UBC on Friday—
but without handlers, spin doctors
or TV cameras in his wake.
The low-tech approach seems
appropriate for Chris Lea, the
leader ofthe Green Party of Canada.
An architect and gay activist, Lea
was in Vancouver to speak at a
rally against the recent sentencing
of environmentalists arrested at
Clayoquot Sound.
He spoke against the 45 day
sentences and $1500 to $2500 fines
handed out to protestors, calling
the penalties "barbaric."
Lea was similarly distressed
at the state ofthe Atlantic fisheries, an issue which forms a major
plank ofthe Gieen platform, along
with Clayoquot, the fixed link to
Prince Edward Island, and the destruction of windbreaks on the
Canadian prairies.
"The fisheries started targeting capelin in the last few years,
small fish which they shipped to
Tokyo. But the capelin are the
favourite food ofthe cod, hence we
have the end ofthe cod fisheries.
The bains of the problem is
draggers, these huge boats that
drag along the bottom of the seabed and destroy it. So the solution
is to ban draggers and look at a Iter-
natives," said Lea.
The oldmethods of fishing employ more people and are more sustainable—much like older methods of logging, Lea said.
"Like in logging, even though
we know that the technology is
changing and we're putting people
out of work we are still going blindly
along like we have for the last century.
"We could protect all old
growth forests right now, then bring
in sustainable management to conserve soil and promote wildlife. The
current plan will not only threaten
forestry jobs but it's going to put
sustainable tourisM in jeopardy too.
If [tourists] see clearcut
mountaintops they won't be very
interested in staying in BC."
The Green leader sai d hi s party
is about more than just environmental "hot spots".
"It's a much wider, cultural
thing, learning about how to prevent problems from happening in
the first place."
"We have to ask, what does
quality oflife mean? Does it mean
that people have two cars or a nice
life, with cultural richness? There
are places like Mexico which have
terrible economic poverty but which
have a real cultural richness," he
Audrey promises students brighter future with NDP
by Rick Hiebert, Taivo Evard and Sara
Audrey McLaughlin, the only
federal party leader to visit UBC,
filled the SUB ballroom on 20
"Students are often called the
future of Canada," she said, "but
beyond being overused rhetoric,
w hat does it really mean? It means
quite simply that you will beinher-
iting what we've created in our
society—the good, the bad and the
ugly—and it will be up to you to
build what we've done right and to
redo what we've done wrong."
McLaughlin told her audience
the main role ofthe NDP would be
to "keep the government to its
promises" regarding jobs, implementing child care programs and
guarding the universality of program s such as medicare and
greater accessibility to post secondary education.
She slammed the Tories for
their proposal that the federal government no longer guarantee student loans, delegating responsibility to private banks.
"This is what has made the
situation in the United States very
diffkultfor students,"she said.. "We
believe that the six month grace
period must be reinstated and, as
the Canadian Federation of Students is proposing.
"I think we should look at a
payment system based on employment as a person becomes
employed...It is taking students
longer to find jobs and I think we
have to be more reasonable."
MacLaughlin endorsed a program to fund businesses run by
"young people", her pet term for
university students.
McLaughlin also assailed the
Reform Part/ for its policies and
noted that it was not the mainstream media that tripped up
Toronto area Reform candidate
John Beck (who has been dropped
from the party after racist comments), but rather a reporter from
the York University student ne ws-
paper, Excalibur.
"Too many Reform candidates
preach fear and intolerance for
FVeston Manning to shrug them off
as "bad apples'," she said. "I urge
young Canadians to keep up the
"Canada is faced with a situation where we will have four right
wing parties in the next House of
They intend, to varying degrees, to take apart the programs
that have made our nation a better
According to McLaughlin,
Chretien will renege on his promise to cancel the $4.8 million dollar
military helicopter deal because
"two of his key campaign advisers
are lobbyists for companies involved
in the helicopter deal."
She said the NDP must have
strong representation in the House
tocheck Chretian on his campaigning promise.
The Liberals have a hi story of
campaigning like New* Democrats
and acting like the Conservatives
once they come into power," she
Social programs, she believes,
are an essential part of Canadian
society which she asserted strongly
throughout her speech.
McLaughlin asserts that "the
loss of medicare would mean a loss
Audrey speaks ...
of freedom in this country, because
there is no freedom for the sick
child whose parents can't afford to
give him care, and there is no freedom for the woman with breast
cancer who cannot afford to get
health care.
There is no freedom for the
person with AIDS who cannot afford health care and there is no
freedom for the senior citizen who
must choose between food on the
table and proper health care."
This is yet another edition ot vortex brought to yr
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neterosexuai, ana gen-
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If Iryday and then have to
o wfi pycallin-;; her a chauvenist.
24 October
12*00 - noon Rally at City
Hall (North Side)
1:00-March to Kim
Campbell's campaign office
Citizen Action for Real
Election Issues
Speakers include Betty
Baxter, Stuat Parker,
NDP, Women's Movement,
I.S. Unions, Greens and
2 for 1 Coin Wash Special!
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Under clause 58 ofthe University Act the President ofthe University has authority to impose discipline
on students for academic and non-academic offences. In the past the nature ofthe offences dealt with and
the penalties imposed have not been generally made known on the campus. It has been decided, however,
that a summary should be published on a regular basis ofthe offences and ofthe discipline imposed without
disclosing the names of students involved.
In the period October 1.1992 to September 30, 1993,28 students were disciplined. For each case, the
events leading to the imposition of the discipline and the discipline imposed are summarized below.
Discipline may very depending upon all ofthe circumstances of a particular case.
1. A student handed in an examination booklet after an examination falsely claiming that the booklet had been written
during the examination and had not been handed in through oversight.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
2. A student plagiarized in the preparation of a paper.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.* An appeal to the Senate
committee on Student Appeals on Academic Discipline was dismissed.
3. A student had another student write an examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.* An appeal to the Senate
committee on Student Appeals on Academic discipline was dismissed.
4. Four students were held responsible for physical harassment of another student.
Discipline: a letter of reprimand to be placed in each student's file.
5. A student was careless in the preparation of an essay and an inference of plagiarism could have been drawn from the
Discipline: a letter of reprimand to be placed in the student's file and the student to submit an acceptable essay of at
least 5000 words in length to the President on plagiarism.
6. A student copied answers from another student during an examination.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 8 months.* An appeal to the Senate committee on Student Appeals on
Academic Discipline was dismissed .
7. A student had unauthorized materials (a "cheat sheet") in an examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
8. A student had another student write an examination on two occasions and in one case removed the paper containing
the examination questions from the examination room.
Discipline: suspension from the University for two years.*
9. A student attempted to obtain money from a funding organization by sending requests for payments which purportedly
came from the University.
Discipline: given extenuating circumstances, a notation of academic discipline was placed on the student's transcript
and file but the student may apply to the President after one year to exercise his discretion to remove the notation.
10. A student had unauthorized materials (two "cheat sheets") in an examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 4 months.*
11. A student plagiarized an essay.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
12. A student exchanged an examination booklet with another student during an examination and handed in the booklet
received from the other student.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months* An appeal to the Senate
committee on Student Appeals on Academic Discipline has not yet been heard.
13. A student wrote a fictitious name and student number on an examination paper and handed the paper in.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.* An appeal to the Senate
committee on Student Appeals on Academic Discipline was dismissed.
14. A student altered a transcript of another student, without that student's knowledge, and submitted it to a prospective
Discipline: suspension from the University for 5 years.*
15. A student plagiarized essays in two courses.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
16. A student assaulted another student on the University campus.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
17. A student exposed a paper during an examination to another student.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 8 months.*
18. A student forged an instructor's signature to a University document.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 2 years.*
19. A student submitted another student's examination paper.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 2 years.*
20. A student prepared answers prior to a mid-term examination and copied them into the examination booklet during the
Discipline: extenuating circumstances resulted in a mark of zero in the examination and a letter of severe reprimand.
21. A student wrote two examinations for another student.
Discipline: given extenuating circumstances, suspension from the University for 12 months.*
22. A student copied answers from another student during an examination.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 8 months.* An appeal to the Senate committee on Student Appeals on
Academic Discipline was dismissed.
23. A student had unauthorized materials (a "cheat sheet") in the examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
24. A student copied answers from another student during an examination.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 8 months.*
25. A student who completed a course the previous year, wrote an examination in that course the following year and
permitted that examination paper to be submitted by another student.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
* In all cases in which a student is suspended a notation is entered on the student's transcript and in the student's file.
At any time after two years have elapsed from the date of his or her graduation the student may apply to then President
to exercise his discretion to remove the notation.
Students under disciplinary suspension from UBC may not take courses at other institutions for transfer of credit back
to UBC.
Male student
attacked on Trail to
Wreck Beach
(name withheld)
I am a 21 year old man who,
until recently, assumed that
sexual violence towards men was
too rare to be a personal concern.
I was wrong.
On Monday 18 October at
11:00 am, on Wreck Beach's Trail
6,1 was approached by a man who
said he wanted to "be my friend
and go off and have some fun with
I bluntly responded, "no,"
but he insisted, and began to follow me up the rarely patrolled
stairs. After threatening to harm
him if he came any closer, I
punched him in the face.
With blood dripping from his
nose, his expression changed to
anger, and he said, Tm going to
fuck you." I responded by kicking
him in the crotch and running
away in terror.
170 lbs, 30-35 years old, medium
build, with blue eyes, dark brown
hair and moustache. He was wearing a pink and orange baseball cap,
blue ski jacket, blue jeans, and
white sneakers.
The point of this article is not
necessarily to warn you of one man;
it is to show that this type of person
can be anywhere anytime. I was
stupid to assume I would be safe to
walk alone in broad daylight on the
trails near the campus.
Violence against men is a topic
rarely discussed. It is a taboo subject that does not happen in our
society, because men are assumed
to be strong and safe. I know many
men who feel that women have
overreacted and lack trust in humanity. Unfortunately for humanity, women are right in their fears.
Men also have legitimate fears of
by Eric Johnson
This past Monday morning
at 6:00 am my roommate and I
went down to Howe Street where
Canada Post was handing out applications for the hiring of X-mas
casuals, something it does every
year too handle the seasonal flood
of extra mail.
That's right, instead of busting loose to Mexico or Hawaii I
hope to spend the Christmas
break, as I did last year, sorting
mail. Itis horribly mind-numbing
work. You are put in front of a
bank of slots, file thousands of
letters, and are expected to keep
up a brisk pace all the while. At
one point last year my pace was so
lively that I nearly fell asleep on
my feet, something which I didn't
know I was capable of doing.
However, the job also pays
over sixteen dollars an hour, quite
a bit more than the crappy six
dollar an hour service jobs that
most of us usually have access to.
Anyway, we got down there a
little past 6:30, only to find nearly
five hundred people already lined
up—just for the opportunity to
apply for a job. The line stretched
all the way down a block of Howe
Street, around the corner, and
down to Granville.
Immediately, an image came
to mind ofthe Depression—hundreds of people standing in lines,
just like this one, hoping for the
chance to get some piece-of-shit
job to get them through another
It made me angry. This is
Canada, supposedly one of the
best places to live in the world,
and here are hundreds of people
lined up for what isnt going to be
more than two or three weeks of
work, if you even get hired.
The cynic in me took over,
and I wondered where all the politicians were on this cold, dark
Monday morning. After all, here
was a five hundred-strong captive crowd who had not moved for
two hours. They may not have
been very receptive to a political
harangue, but what a great opportunity to canvass the voters.
Think of all that time to expound
on the party platform! And better
yet, there were no reporters
around to twist your words, no
cameras to catch your face i n some
distorted, wild-eyed contortion—
just a few hundred people, many
of them voters, standing around
Granted, they were not the
type of people to shell out a thousand bucks at a fundraiser in the
back room of some private old-
boy's club, but, hey, a vote's a
vote, and we all only get one.
And in my imaginings, I
thought about the various leaders, and their possible reactions
to this scene.
It was a congregation that
wouldhave brought a (disingenuous) tear to Preston Mannequin's
eyes. After all, isn't this what he
has been saying this country
needs? That people get off their
butts and go out and get a job?
And wouldn't Kim Campbell
have been just as proud? Here
was capitalism hard at work. She
couldhave stood, arm-in-arm with
Preston, and marvelled at this
■personification ofthe free market
hard at work, people competing
to get ahead.
But what was more the pity
was that Jean I-am-the-only-
Canada Chretien couldn't be
there. He could have run up and
down the line saying, "You see,
you see, this is what those Conservatives have reduced us to,"
and then promise everyone a job,
an education, anything.
And Audrey McLaughlin?
What would she have done in this
situation? Would she have just
jumped up and down behind
Kimmie and Preston, pointing
and yelling, "Whatever you do,
dontvote for these two!" Or would
she just have talked to the crowd,
since the news media places the
NDPs ideas in the back pages.
Somehow, though, it was
probably better that none ofthe se
four, or Mel Hurtig, or whomever,
showed up. The crowd was too
grumpy; the kind of crowd that
needs just a little prodding to get
unruly. Kind of like the crowd
that will assemble across Canada
on 25 October, wondering beside
which promise-laden pretender
to cast their X. FRIDAY 22 OCTOBER. 1993
The Ubyssey
Hallow's Eve Contest
Start with a first line of:   «-^»»^*»-
*Du movie in theSll'B theatre had just ended and it (tadput me
in an au/futty strange mood'
End with a last line oft
'iIhe candle unjoin my beSy-button wasstMuiarm, but ■what
•was that in my pants?
Then use at least 7 of the following 11 elements to craft a story:
1. Ihe mysterious fatarooms on the tittle travelled to 3rd level if
2. Ifie total'uselessness ofthe "David Lam 'R&source library.
3. Carole forsythe, Orvin Lau andfRpbert's (Rides of Order.
4. Ifie late-nightproctor of theSll'B or apwctdcgist.
5. A. cockling and a large potted plant.
6. Thor and the game cf'brofen telephone.'
7. Steamtunnels, 'Dave Strangway and handcuffs.
8. Frances Joran.
9. Underwear half off at OQmart.
10. Ihe merger cf the JVMS -with the 1WC administration.
11. The lyric, We are the Children of the Sea' from Jennifer
(Mason's Children oftheSea.
Entries must be submitted to 241K by noon 28 October 28.
Mindblowing prize to be announced.
Interview with Walter Opmeer,
Christian Heritage Party
by Rick Hiebert
There is yet another candidate
running on the political right, in an
attempt to become Vancouver
Quadra's next MP.
Walter Opmeer, the pastor of
Hope Reformed Church in
Vancouver,likestothinkhehas some
answers in more than a spiritual
sense He is running for the Christian
Heritage Party, a six year old party
strongest in religious areas of Canada
such as rural Alberta and the Fraser
The Christian Heritage Party is
a relatively
new conservative party that
attempts to
promote a
based on "Biblical principles". Party
members believe Canada
has lost track
with "the
tian values
that formed
our heritage,"
Opmeer said.
Stilwell of Surrey is the national leader.
makes his living working for IG A as
a retail clerk in Richmond. He is 36,
married and has a four month old
baby girl.
'1 don't see myself as becoming
a career politician at all," Opmeer
said. "I decided to run to give people
an opportunity to voice their moral
convictions." He is the only declared
"pro-life" candidate.
The party, he says, is serious
about cutting the federal deficit, and
supports a constitutional amendment outlawing all government deficits except in case of war and national emergency. However, they
have no concrete plans to balance the
budget except for freezing government spending. They believe streamlining government will allow the
budget deficit to be cut by $5 million
a year.
Opmeer also believes tax breaks
should be given to nuclear families.
A mother and father should be able
to split the family's income in two to
take advantage of lower tax brackets.
"Family values" to the party,
means nuclear families of a married
man and woman, with children
"Same sex" families are not morally
correct, in Opmeer's view.
"I don't think homosexuality is
inborn. Ifs something you choose,"
Opmeer said. "People who choose
lege of living it, but shouldn't have
special benefits because of Cheir
choice, such as spousal benefits.
There should be equal rights for all
The CHP favours a consititu-
tional amendment banning aibor-
tions. At least, Opmeer says, govern-
m e n t s
should not
force ardent
pro-lifers to
support an
activity they
see as morally objectionable.
"Asking for the
tax dollars of
who is pro-
life to pay for
95,000 abortions at $200
each is very
O p m e e r
said. "We
don't feel
that abortions should be covered by
the Canada Health Act. An aboition
is a lifestyle choice and those want-
He also disagrees with thei Reform Party's proposal to allow MPs
to poll their constituents on sensi tive
moral issues such as abortion.
"Politicians [following Refoi*m's
proposal] would adopt policies not
based on conviction, but rather pursue moral compromises that may be
more convenien t to pass in a referendum," Opmeer said.
Preventing crime is also a big
issue to the party. They would lite to
see "an emphasis on the victim, instead of the victimizer."
"The idea of emphasizing rehabilitation clearly hasn't worked. Restitution, especially for non-violent
crimes, should be tried instead, with
a repayment plan where the victim's
loss is made good."
"Being a candidate, I recognize
the frustration we're all feeling with
our national parties. We need to look
on Canada not as a collection of special interests but as one country,"
The election that eats like a meal
The continuing saga of life, love and loss
Dorothy Jean O'Donnell, Marxist-Leninist Party
cause of the changing world situation?
Theessential analysis which has
guided our work is action with analysis. That is, you need to have an
analysis of what is going on in the
world and a plan to change the situation. We have been saying publicly
in every way possible since thefound-
ing of the party that the USSR has
long since betrayed communism. In
fact it was the invasion of Czechoslovakia that crystallized the view that
the USSR was an imperialist power.
On no account can the Marxist-
Leninists be held to account for the
tragedy [occurring in Russia today].
The analogy we sometimes give is
that if someone takes a physics course
and fails at that course, you would n't
say afterwards that physics failed,
but rather that for whatever reason,
that person failed to implement and
apply the science.
Interviewed by Graham Cook
What distinguishes your party from
the others?
We are working for a renewal of
the political process in Canada. In
be initiative, referenda, recall, and a
process whereby the citizens select
the candidates who run. The issue of
a constitutional assembly also arises
in regards to constitutional matters.
This particular platform for renewal is not unique. We are working
for a coalition of small parties with
theobjectiveof em powering citizens,
so that citizens themselves should
take the initiative. We also advocate
referenda on the economy, for example, asking people if they are in
favour of the GST, of NAFTA.
What are your party's policies on
the debt and deficit?
There is hardly any political
force in Canada who doesn't pay lip
service to the rule of the majority and
the democratic system, but what are
the results of that system? A serious
assault on social spending. In terms
of the economy, we think that "social
spending" is investing in the
economy. It is good for the economy
in every way to spend money on
health and education.Otherformsof
spending simply takes money out of
the economy..
Could you talk more about the coalition you propose with other small
What we are concerned about is
what happens after 25 October. How
does the working class, intellectuals,
and other people concerned about
Canada's future work out an electoral alliance that has a possibility to
defeat the five official parties?
We are running 51 candidates,
but we have a great deal of sym pathy
for the large number of small parties
who didn't make the cut. There is no
political or economic justification for
the $1000 fee [per candidate] or the
50 candidate cutoff [the minimum
number of candidates necessary to
run as a political party]. We think
that there should be single national
slate of small parties, independent
candidates and others who are committed to changing the elections act.
So far what you have been saying
doesn't sound much like the traditional "Marxist-Leninist" line. Have
you toned down your approach be-
Dorothy Jean O'Donnell was elected to
after working completed a history degree
in 1986, and a lawdegreein 1990. She is
presently practicing family law in Richmond and doing graduate work in history at UBC.
Ted McWhinney, Liberal Party
Interviewed by Sarah O'Donnel
What are the Liberal Party's main
objectives if elected to form thenext
federal government?
We distinguish ourselves from
several of the other parties who say
that their main objective is ending
the deficit. For us it's ending the
economic recession and getting the
economy moving... we're saying if
we get the country moving, then the
selves.. .you can live with a deficit as
long as you are serious about getting rid of it over a period of time
in a structured way, that doesn't
shake the social fabric of the country.
Many people are concerned that
the jobs in the Liberal plan are
only short term jobs. How do
you respond to that concern?
FDR's program was public
works and that was the thing that
kickstarted the American
economy in the Great Recession.
Our infrastructure has fallen in to
disarray. It is certainly not adequate for the sort of transportation need s Canada has... So when
people say "isn't that just a make
work project?" we say "no.".. I'm
anticipating the public works
project will kickstart the economy,
but I don't view it as something that
ends tomorrow. In the long run, we
are stressing the apprenticeship program. .. the education is a key part of
the job creation.
Would the Liberals try to make
Canada more competitive in the
field of science and technology?
Personally, it is a top priority...
Canada spends only 60 percent of
what the average western European
country spends on research and development. We intend to go up to the
same figure, and do it immediately.
.. I am anticipating the new Minister
of Science and Technology will not
be number 39 in the cabinet. You'll
probablyfind theScienceMinisteras
number two or three in the cabinet.
It's a change in priorities.
What is the Liberal policy on post-
secondary education?
Far from cutting down money
to the universities, which of course
the Conservative government cut
back on transfer payments to the
provinces has done, we will increase.
.. I think we have to increase grants
to the universities and take some
responsibility for the school system.
.The federal government now has to
take the initiative. If we can't per-
suadethe provinces to cometogether
and create national standardsby their
own choice, we may have to go in
there and legislate them ourselves..
.1 predict a largely increased federal
role in education under a new Liberal government.
Would the Liberals make any
changes to the current student loan
What we probably need is a system that allows repayment to be related to the employment opportunities and employment income that
results.. .In other words, if you give
student loans, the country is making
an investment in its future. It doesn't
make sense to hobble the young
graduate with impossible financial
burden rightattheonset.:. Wewould
clean this up pretty quickly, and I
don't think that it would be too difficult to do.
Would the Liberals bring in student grants for post-secondary
We can certainly bring in national grants to students in areas
that we decree are of national importance. . .For example, I don't
think that any province could
sucessfully challenge us, constitutionally, if we made grants for
scientific research, technological
research, any of the non-arts areas. . .But, eventually if we get
into grants for excellence, we
won't establish frontiers. They
wouldn't just be for science
Why should the people of
Vancouver Quadra vote foryou?
I'm not the conventional sort of
person who comes into the politics.
My reason for going in is a general
concern with the state of Canada at
the present time and the quality of
the leadership, which goes to both
the intelligence, but also to the integrity. . . People should vote for the
party, but in the end you vote for the
best candidate I'm not beholden to
anybody. I can disagree with my
party if I have to. . . You'll get an
unconventional, somewhat revolutionary member if I'm elected. As a
scholar, I've always been known as
the leading edge of change.
Election Results
A hearty congratulations to the following editors for being elected and joining The Ubyssey team. You will endure endless tortured nights of no
sleep and no food. You will endure the over oppressive force the AMS moral police squad (we suggest that at no time should you mention BC
Transit and certain things you can do with bus fare, such as not paying it orpaying it, whichever)and finally you will have absolutely no sex drive
whatsoever. Be proud that over the year you will watch your genitals deteriorate in atrophic despair. Welcome aboard.
TFUDA¥ 22 GC3F0BER. 1993
Film Festival 1993: More film
God lives in a
lake in Russia
by Anne Gehauer
In the far reaches of Siberia,
chants and incense bless the food and
drink before a meal, sins are wiped
away and souls are cleansed. In
another area, worshippers believe that
Christ has come again as promised.
Yet another region finds three women
in desperate need of an exorcist,
requiring a complete transmission of
cosmic energy.
Bells From the Deep: Faith and
Superstition in Russia
dir. Werner Herzog
Pilgrams still exist today in
Russia. On a pilgrimage to a lake
supposedly covering the sacred sunken
city of Kitezch, people crawl on their
hands and knees paying homage. In the
winter they lie on the ice peering
downwards trying to spy this lost city.
During the film, myself and other
viewers laughed at the absolute
willingness to believe and follow.
Ironically, religion was intended to free
us from superstition. Strangely, even in
a world where rationality is thought to
be a paradigm, people continue to seek
some form of superstition whether they
are aware of it or not.
In the West, New Age thought
has emerged, a pantheism, theology
and spirituality intermingled with
channelers to the dead and clairvoyant
mediums. Is it possible that from our
seemingly progressive, rational society
a faith intermingled with superstition
has emerged?
Our society seems to hold austere
prospects for the human spirit. In the
midst of crowded streets and the
blackened pulse of everyday life, we
are confronted with the question—or,
perhaps, dilemma—of spirituality.
Werner Herzog's film examines
spirituality in Russia. The result is
authentically human and humorous.
Bells From the Deep reveals the very
thin veneer between spirituality and
Nowhere is
by Taivo Evard
The exploration of insanity and
madness have been the epitome of
most festival films, continually reexamining the boundaries and
definitions of "sanity." Antonia Bird's
BBC mock-documentary Safe follows
a few frenetic days in the lives of two
street youths and sheds some light on
the foulness inherent in human nature.
dir. by Antonia Bird
Jammed with emotional and
physical trauma, Safe takes the viewer
for a ride through the culture of an
entire class of neglected and ignored
homeless youth. A more contemporary
image of London is presented,
shattering the traditional stuffy
monarchic tourist-oriented portrayal in
favour of showing an urban centre that
is crowded, fast-paced and vibrant
much like its U.S. counterparts.
Interspersed between scenes of
emotional and physical brutality are
brief eclipses of comedy, though not
comic relief, as the laughter conjures
up feeling of uneasiness.
Though the story does not evoke
empathy, sympathy is not the right
word either. More like revulsion.
Anger Loathing. Helplessness. Even
the most optimistic altruist would
shudder at humanity's descent.
The camerawork develops a
spsedy pace, not from rapid shot
clippings, but rather from using a
nauseous Oliver Stone style pan-
around: a vile, vicious, reeling shot.
The final scene is very disappointing—very Hollywood. Although
no solutions are offered at any time,
the ending offers no release from the
fil-n's blatant shock power. The theatre
exited in a vacuum, devoid ol"
It would be difficult to choose the
some which dropped the audience's
jaws die lowest, but one episode, the
most brutal of the brutal, finds the lead
character returning home only to be
violated once again, this time by her
mother's fiance.
Her mother returns home with her
youngCT daughter, and when toll,
obviously not for the first time:, about
the rapes, the filthy pile of mult shit
asshole fiance tells her "If these
accusations keep continuing, I'm
leaving you."
Her mother, yelling, tells her
never to show her face around her the
house again. A knowing glance is
shared between sisters as the fiance
l«ids die younger daughter inside . . .
Without education, we may lose the qualified people
that the job market of the future will demand.
jaunty gallop
by Stan Paul
From the country that mass
produces films at at rate that challenges the US, Canada and Great
Britain combined, the film Suraj Ka
Satvan Ghoda proved to be a
pleasurable experience.
Foreign films are meant to
present the viewer with a taste of the
cultural life in far-off lands and to
allow the viewer to reminisce about
countries left behind.
Seventh Horse of the Sun
dir. Shayam Benegal
India's legendary filmmaker,
Shyam Benegal, satisfied his
audience's need to discover and rediscover India with the story of Manek
Mulla, a young raconteur who tries to
define love in his stories for the
musings of his friends. In turn they are
asked to search and define the eternal
truth contained within his delightful
Manek proved to be the string
that linked the star-crossed lovers'
stories together but the audience was
also enlightened to India's social
problems in the caste system, the
question of dowry, and forced
marriages of young women against
their will.
Benegal pleasantly surprised the
attendants with nis attendance at his
film's international premiere in
Vancouver to answer questions and
take comments. He revealed that with
regard to films, "everything is an
archetype of life" and in this case, the
film was based on a well known Hindi
literary work. The Devedas Stories.
Canadian Federation of Students
rock stars,
the nature of
by Bianca Zee
A 13-year old boy persistently
follows the path of a beautiful rock
singer, intensely watching her every
move. He calls out to her as she blindly
walks past him, unresponsive, not
hearing a word The boy's face distorts
in agony as he watches the singer in a
struggle with her boyfriend, his cries
echoing in the night but unheard by the
Moonlight Boy
dir. Yu Weiv-m
Midnight Boy is an intertwining
of dream sequences with actual events,
testing the viewer's preconceptions of
fantasy and reality. Yu Wei Yen
brilliantly weaves chiaroscuro
cinematography into the images,
underscoring the shadowy inclinations
of the ghostly world.
The opening scene of Yu
Weiyan's Moonlight Boy is intriguing
and puzzling. The boy next appears in
the apartment of the singer, Xiao Chi,
completely unbeknownst to her. Again,
he watches her intensely while she sits
on her couch in a stupor, heavy
It soon becomes apparent that
Xiao Feng, the "moonlight boy," is an
obsessive ghosi:_. apparition trailing
the woman throughout her various
personal miseries. He yearns to be
heard by her, to warn her that her
lover, the married Mr. Lee, is a
scoundrel who is emotionally driving a
stake through her heart.
Day after day, Xiao Feng perches
himself in the desolate singer's sparse
apartment uttering relentless consolations to the emotionally withering
woman. The audience is captured by
his undying devotion which transcends
a mere school-boy crush.
Fragments ofthe boy's misery
slowly unravel through flashbacks of
Xiao Chi's mother and grandmother.
Apparently, the suppressed tragedy
embroils three generations of women
who are alienated from each other and
themselves. Their meetings are
emotionally fragile and distraught,
bridged only by the caretaking of Xiao
Chi's uncle, a deteriorated form who
has been bed-ridden for countless
years. The "moonlight boy" sees his
face in the uncle's perishment.
The tale is further twisted by the
appearance of a derelict in animation
who dwells in a cave to which Xiao
Feng escapes when the burdens of
worldly life become too wrenching to
Yu Wei Yen's masterful
technique of juxtaposing a cartoon
animated mentor alongside the forlorn
boy provides an amusing relief to a
dark and piteous situation.
The film is captured in the words
of the boy's animated guardian:
"Dreams are the reverse of reality."
Hungary for
by Steve Scali
Perhaps I am a Hungarophile.
I've been there and I loved the country,
the people, as well as the culture. This
movie brought it ail back to me—
hearing the beautiful melodic cadence
of the Hungarian language and seeing
the bleak mystery of the Danube.
Child Murders
dir. Ildiko Szabo
But you'll --robably appreciate
Child Murders ior its symbolism and
effective use of "chiaroscuro", its
striking imagery, dark humour,
psychological insight, social commentary, haunting musical score,
interconnectedness of seemingly
dissimilar thematic intricacies, and
poignant ending.
The plot revolves around a
twelve-year-old boy who, while
looking after his debilitated grandmother, strikes up a friendship with a
pregnant gypsy girl, who kills herself
due to social ostracization, solitude and
desperation. The boy blames a girl for
taunting his friend to death, and I
won't say anymore because you must
find out for yourself.
As to the meaning of Child
Murders, there is no one answer. The
gypsy girl's beauty struck me in the
midst of the devastation and indigence
of her surroundings, while others may
find the husky, reticent male's
powerful unspoken masculinity
The film explores the solitude and
disillusionment of modem life in FRIDAY 22 OCTOBER. 1993
THE UBYSSEY Film Festival
reviews than your lost socks
relation to the detachment and
impersonality of mechanical solidarity.
All of the characters are lonely and
unhappy, unable to reach out to
meaningful relationships. The
exception is the rapport between the
gypsy and the boy, but tragedy is the
These elements considered, it
may appear as if Child Murders is a
depressing film. Ultimately we are left
with some hope that there is a solution
to collective anomie and alienation.
The film is black and white, a
very effective medium for illustrating
darkness and humankind's potential
for evil (and all that crap about the
collective unconscious). Each scene is
carefully and meaningfully set out We
get inside each character's heads but
the result is more questions than
answers. Nonetheless, one cannot help
but be touched by this unpretentious,
penetrating glimpse of everyday
horror—or is that just a shadow we
Not Charlies
by Seumas Graham
House of Angels takes place in a
quiet town, far from the hustle and
busde of European cities. The opening
scenes create an atmosphere in which
little can happen—and if anything
does, it will happen very, very slowly.
One gathers that it will be the
kind of film which documents the
change of the seasons and the equally
sluggish developments of small town
House of Angels
dir. Colin Nutley
Soon, however, hints of the film's
quirky and upbeat nature—such as the
town priest bugging out to Abba in his
Volvo—begin to percolate into the
story. The death of old Erik Zander
proves to be a kick start for a series of
events which make the film exciting
and humorous.
Erik's funeral is interrupted by
the loud entrance of a Harley
Davidson. Enter Fanny (Helena
Bergstrom), the night club player and
her cross-dressing creepy lover, Zac
(Rikard Wolff). Leaving leather clad
Zac to repose on a tombstone, Fanny
enters thi: church just as the preacher
announces, "With him [Erik] a whole
generation goes to the grave." Farmy
concludes the sermon with a cheeky
Berstrom leads an entire cast of
convincing actors in her excellent
performance as Erik's saucy and
charismatic granddaughter. Settling
into her inherited estate, she decides to
push the wary townsfolk to the edge of
Befriending a handful of
neighborly citizens, she and Zac
ultimately succeed to subvert the
hostility they confront. Every now and
then, Fanny threatens to throw in the
cards and return to her native Berlin. If
she does so, she not only loses the
battle but also the opportunity to
discover which one of the town's old
curmudgeons is her father.
Her modus operandi makes for an
entertaining movie and appropriately,
the priest makes peace between Farmy
and her critics with a conclusive
sermon about neighbourly love.
Ex-patriot British director Colin
Nutley has created a masterful
comedy. House of Angels is a realistic
film filled with painful and amusingly
awkward situations, confrontations,
and familiar characters. The film
throws off the kind of natural charm
which cannot be achieved if one tries
too hard to achieve it Nutley and crew
pull it off. A genuine gem.
Hefner: the
naked truth
by Seumas Graham
When I first decided to review
Hugh Hefner: Once Upon a Time, I
thought it would be fun to go see a
documentary about the man behind
Playboy. In this film 1 hoped to see the
vestige of a by gone era: men in suits
sipping martinis, women dressed like
rabbits, sex rank in the air.
Only after committing myself did
I realise that it would be no fun at all.
For many people pornography is a
serious issue, and I began to feel the
necessity to address it to the best of my
ability. My review of Ihe film became
a re-view of my notion of
pornography's nature.
Hugh Hefner: Once Upon a Time
dir. Robert Heath
The opening minute of Hugh
Hefner: Once Upon a Time is so
romanticized one wants to cry out "Is
this a joke or what?" A fantasized
series of Hallmark card-type images of
the Playboy mansion form the set for a
film that's about a world built upon a
Hef s brother tells us that due to
their repressive methodist upbringing
Hef began "creating imaginary worlds
in the theatre of his mind." Despite
this, the film is not dreamt up—it is
filled with facts about Hef's life. We
follow him from his humble beginning,
through his hey day in ihe late '50s and
'60s, his peak in the '70s, the "chill
winds" of conservatism in the '80s
which led to his stroke, "stroke of
luck" he tells us as it brought about his
recent return to family values that were
prevalent in his parent's home.
Unfortunately, I could not sit back
and enjoy the film's wry sense of
humour, undoubtably the work of
David Lynch and Mark Frost,
producers of Twin Peaks. The film
seemed to gloss over criticism of
Playboy. Whenever condemnation
appeared, the soundtrack (normally
mushy and sentimental) turned
nightmarish Again, the film's message
was unclear.
Of course nobody but a self-
denying puritan would argue against
Hefner's credo of "healthy sexuality."
This issue was "out" long before
Madonna became "in."' The question
that now chums in contentious minds
is: What effect does pornography have
upon sexual behaviour, and is it
The truth is elusive, somewhere in
the realm of the unconscious. Studies
have been done, however, that show
real connections between pornography
and violent sex acts like rape
(MacKinnon's Feminism Unmodified is
highly informative on the subject).
Censorship is not the goal of these
studies. What is desired is a change in
men's concept of women. The
idealization of women by men such as
Hef or magazines such as Playboy is
not conclusive to "healthy" relationships in the real world.
Page 11
The AMS Tutoring Services is looking for well-qualified individuals to work
part time, tutoring UBC students in a variety of subjects throughout the entire
academic year (1993/1994 ).
The AMS Tutoring Service is an education project which provides drop-in
tutoring service primarily for first year students. The Service is partially
funded by the University of British Columbia's Teaching and Learning
Enhancement Fund.
• Some experience teaching adults or university students.
• Knowledge of 1 st. year university subjects such as: Physics, Math,
Economics, Statistics and/or English (grammar and essay writing).
• Good communication and interpersonal skills.
• Responsibility and commitment.
The wage is $9.00 per hour. A maximum of 8 hours per week. The successful
applicants must be UBC students. Please send resumes to Room 248 pf S.U.B.
(the Student Union Building).
for UBC Students
Drop-in and get help with 1st year subjects in Math, Physics, Statistics,
Economics, and English.
WHEN:   Room 212 in the SUB (Student Union Building) 6138 SUB Boulevard
Saturdays 1:00-4:00 pm Sundays 6:00- 9:00 pm
Magda's (in the Common's Block of Totem Park Residence) 2525 West Mall
Tuesdays 7:00-9:00 pm Thursdays 7:00-9:00 pm
Starting: TUESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1993
FOR INFORMATION CALL: 822-3092 between 12:00 and 2:00 pm, Monday to Friday.
Tutoring Request Form
Student's Name: l_
Telephone #: ■*****-__
UBC Faculty: I
Times available for Tutoring:
Please list, in detail, subjects you would like help with:
Course: ' ■    Level: * ■        Course: i_
_j    Level: i_
Course: L_
_J    Level: l_
Course: L.
Level: i.
Please drop off this form in Room 248 of the Student Union Building or call: 822-3092 (12-2 pm) Interview by Gillian Guilmant-Smith
Timothy Findley is one of Canada's most brilliant and outspoken
writers. His works include Not Wanted on the Voyage, The
Butterfly Plague, The Wars, and his latest novel Headhunter.
Findley lives in Ontario and is featured in theVancouver
International Writers (&. Readers) Festival. Gillian Guilmant-
Smith interviewed him by phone in CiTR Studio B.
Gillian Guilmant-Smith: Your latest novel Headhunter is set
in Toronto sometime in the future, perhaps as early as
tomorrow. Can you tell us something about the book?
Timothy Findley: Well, it begins with a schizophrenic-medium
spiritualist-librarian whose name is Lilah Kemp.... She's reading
Conrad's Heart of Darkness, and inadvertendy she lets the
character Kurtz out of the book and she can't get him to go back
in. And he, of course, is one of the great evil figures in English
literature. So he is set free in the streets of Toronto to wreak
havoc. And basically that is how the book begins.
GGS: The book can be seen to perhaps reflect the current
state of affairs in our own society
here and now. You mention the
reaction to the disease being similar
to that of AIDS. Is the parallel
drawn between the two intentional?
TF: Oh, very much so. At one point I
thought I might just leave the plague as
an increased problem with AIDS, but I
realized that if I had AIDS in place as it
is, and then layered this other plague
on top of it, that it would be more
GGS: In the novel, the animals and
the birds, especially the starlings, are
the reputed carriers of the disease.
Why is this so?
TF: Well, because we're in a mode
now where what we're doing is we've
decided to rid the planet of pretty well
everything else that lived on the planet
with us so that there's room only for
the human race and room only to
accomodate the needs of the human
race. And of course, that sounds gready
exagerrated but if you think about the
way wc are proceeding, it then falls
into place.
It's a dystopian view, like The
Handmaid's Tale and another book of
mine called Not Wanted on the
Voyage. I'm making a statement
about the large effect of what we have
already set in motion in terms of
ridding the world of pretty well
everything else that's lived here.
GGS: Lilah Kemp, the central
character In the story is diagnosed
as a residual schizophrenic, but in     	
fact, she seems to be tbe sanest character In the novel Lilah is
a spiritualist, but spiritualism Is considered to be Just another
disease. What does thts tell us about the way the society views
those who embrace the creative and spiritual means of life?
TF: I think they are demeaned. I think people are alarmed about
the imagination in general, because if die imagination is
encouraged, it's quite obvious that someone is going to imagine
the truth
GGS: So you see this happening now in our present circumstance?
TF: Oh very much so.
GGS: Do you think it can be attributed to factors such as
culture cut-backs in our country?
TF: No, I don't I think our cultural funding cutbacks are being
made deliberately in order to create a kind of silence, create a
sense of disdain for the arts in general, and for artists and for
imaginative people.
GGS: How about the potential for exposure of young talent
with issues such as the privatization of the CBC, which has
until now, provided a forum for exposure of young Canadian
talent Cain we expect new venues for new writers?
TF: Well, unfortunately, the government that we have is talking •
endlessly about how private enterprise is going to take over and do
all these wonderful things. But the fact of this matter is that private
enterprise has been withdrawing from the arts, and investing less
and less in theatre, ballet, music. You could add in the whole
endangered species called publishing. The publishing houses are
all very much in the same condition.
This idea that private enterprise is going to save us if
government gets out of the culture business is just blatant nonsense
and also, I think, a deliberate lie because, after all, culture is the
enemy of government That, of course, should not be, but
unfortunately it has proved to be necessary.
GGS: Do you think that in this case, putting money into
culture is a necessary means of creating culture?
TF: No. I think culture is something that can't be done in. You can
appear to have slain it and put it away, but someone somewhere is
going to start singing and putting a pen to a page. That can't be
prevented. So one way or another, it will continue to exist
Culture is the enemy of government.
an interview with Timothy Findley
I find that the thing that I want to say at a moment like this is
that I'm ashamed of what my government has done to culture in
this country. I'm literally ashamed. What must they think of us
elsewhere in the world that we seem to be deliberately creating a
bunch of yahoos? And I don't think that's what people want to be,
but that's what they're being encouraged to be.
GGS: Do you think that money allotted to cultural programs
acts as a panacea for cultural consciousness?
TF: No, it's only part and it's, as we know, an increasingly smaller
and smaller part But I think that there is no panacea and dreaming
that there would be, and above all that it would be government, is
not going to get us through the crisis. I think that government has
to be part of the salvation, not part of the destruction.
GGS: Can you offer any advice for young writers in Canada?
TF: Well, write. And I mean that I think you can fall into the trap
of thinking about it too much, fall into the trap of being too easily
discouraged about how difficult it is to write. It's not easy. It is a
craft—you have to leam how to do it Basically, no one can really
teach you how to write. Either you are capable of it or you aren't,
it's there or it isn't
What you have to leam and what other people can help you
do is develop what you have. So I think it is a question of getting
down to the business of if you want to write, write.
Start submitting work everywhere so you can start the
process of rejection—a negative necessity in the process of
becoming a writer. You have to endure the whole process of
having people not tolerate what you do, but they very often are
very helpful in pointing out why what you write doesn't work. So
by the time you've been doing it two or three years and have had
some rejection, you begin to do it better and to start getting the
GGS: One of my favourite aspects of your writing is your
ability to create diverse and endearing characters. When
you're writing, do you most often find that you start with an
idea and create characters as you go along, or do you begin
with a character and build a story around that character?
TF: I think mosdy it is the second. The character comes first
most often the leading character, sometimes two or three
characters together and they seem to present me with a story. I
would know through them and my
interest in the characters what the story
would be about and where it will be
heading. The other characters I
encounter on the way through the
process. And usually, that's very much
like taking an exploratory journey—
you know you'll meet someone, but
you're not sure who it will be.
GGS: Do you consider your work
accessible? For example, do you
believe that a reader could sufficiently understand the theme of
Headhunter without first having
read Conrad's Heart of Darkness"!
TF: Yes, I do believe that because I've
worked very haTd at making that
happen. If you do have access to Heart
of Darkness and Madame Bovary and
the other books that play a role in
Headhunter, then you're that much
better off and there's that much more
enjoyment But if you don't have that
access, it doesn't prevent you from
following the storyline or from
gathering what the people are about at
GGS: Canadian poet Susan
Musgrave's The Great Musgrave
features some startling figures
concerning Canada's treatment of
its talent She maintains that in
1988, more people in Canada
developed AIDS than bought a
Canadian book and that the
average income for writing is five
thousand dollars. Does this seem
like a career option for young
writers? It doesn't sound too promising.
TF: No, it doesn't But on the other hand, nothing sounds
promising except in this sense: of course, at any stage in your
career, you have the opportunity to throw up your arms and say
"okay, this isn't getting me anywhere, I am now going to go for
broke in terms of money" and seek something that will pay the
kind of money you want to have in your life in order to support
the lifestyle that you have decided you deserve or the one you
That's when work stops being something you choose
because you have a talent for it or you have an interest in it It
starts to become simply a job and merely a means to putting the
food in the mouth and the roof over the head.
But, if you want to write, you will write if your salary is
going to be two thousand dollars because you will find a way of
supplementing that two thousand to the degree that you need to—
but you will not stop writing. And at some point, if you are a
good writer and if what you have to say reaches an audience, then
it's going to start paying off in the secondary way, which is
you're going to make a very good living being a writer.
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author Timothv Findlev
i Harper Collins
*+'*    *■■■!■■*
by Rachana Raizada
Had he been there that night, this is one the
Bard himself might have applauded: a masterful
presentation by Canada's National Ballet was the
ultimate in entertaining buffoonery made credible
by the sheer strength and technique.
The Taming of the Shrew
Queen Elizabeth Theatre
13-16 October
John Cranko's 1969 re-creation of this play is
an inspired adaptation of poetry to movement with
seemingly nothing lost in the process. One of the
20th century's most inventive story-ballet choreographers, Cranko has remained more or less true to
the original plot His few added flourishes, such as
two of Bianca's suitors being tricked by a third into
marrying whores disguised as her, are of such
Shakespearean persuasion that it is almost
impossible to spot the differences. Cranko's ballet
is about the battle of the sexes—most certainly
about struggle, not subordination as "taming"
Everyone emerges a better person as a result
of it The antithesis of her charming younger
sister who cannot be married until she is,
Kate's portrayal as a fierce, rebellious
character with a feisty temperament is
uncommon to classical ballet. Though sweet
and graceful, Bianca is decidedly coquettish
and flighty. Her suitors Gremio, Hortensio
and Lucentio are respectively stupid, vain and
wily. Petruchio is just a drunken lout lured
into marrying Kate by Bianca's scheming
Through Kate's (Gizella Witkowsky)
stubbornly flat feet and clenched fists we see
her annoyance with the notion of love and the
reality of having to get married. Petruchio
(William Marrie) when sober has a strong and
commanding presence, and in spite of herself,
Kate is challenged by him.
Cranko has used the pas-de-deux as an
instrument of narration sparingly, and to
maximum effect. The first truly romantic pas-
de-deux by Bianca (Chan Hon Goh) and Her
Chosen One (Raymond Smith as Lucentio)
does not take place until the last third of die
ballet As the light fades to a dreamy moonlit
darkness, not only do merrymakers at the
carnival watch enraptured as Bianca and
Lucentio express their love for each other, so
does the audience who, having watched the
intrigue behind this partnership, has developed
a vested interest
The developing relationship between Kate
and Petruchio from the 'fight' pas-de-deux to
the final capitulation is initially so comic and
ultimately so convincing that die technical
demands of this ballet go almost unnoticed. It
seems the National Ballet has already suffered
a few injuries on this tour, which could be one
reason a different cast is used for the major
characters each night
Danced to live music by the National
Ballet's orchestra (Kurt-Heinz Stolze's
arrangement of Domenico Scarlatti's sonatas),
the rich costumes and sets provided the perfect
accompaniment to the strong dancing.
And a final question for angry feminists
and readers of the Vancouver Sun regarding thi
ballet's allegedly 'politically incorrect'
message: should not the women in the
audience be allowed to decide for themselves?
They appeared to be quite capable of it—if the
number standing up and clapping wildly is
anything to judge by, there didn't seem to be a
Worshipping Bad Religio
by Ian Lloyd
After five hours of waiting outside, I was awarded the ultimate
prize—a back stage pass to interview Greg Graffin of Bad Religion.
All I had to do now was wait until after the show.
First up was Seaweed, a deep hardcore band that got this all ages
show wanned up. I didn't know much about this four member band,
but their furious performance definitely sparked my interest. Too bad
they played a short set.
To the chant of "Sell Out", Green Day came out next. I saw these
three guys play before in Kamloops, and their sound hasn't changed'—
deep, strong, it was as close as I'd ever get to seeing The Clash play
live. This British sounding punk band from California also played a
too-short set
At the end of their set the lead singer showed everyone that he
could spit five feet in the air and catch it in his mouth. He then opened
fire on the crowd and the young crowd immediately returned fire.
Glorious balls of phlegm arced up onto the stage and pelted the lead
singer, who seemed to be rather enjoying his shower.
Next up was the group everyone was waiting for. Bad Religion.
From the first moment the band came on stage the energy level in 86
Street Music Hall went up. Greg fueled the fire by delivering his
intense vocals to the already frenzied crowd.
Backed up by two hardcore guitars, a deep bass and racing
rhythms, Greg never slowed his delivery of intellectual lyrics. For
about an hour, he performed songs from the new album. Recipe For
Hate, and many older songs. He even performed directly to the people
watching from the left side of the stage.
After a brief absence. Bad Religion returned for an encore. "How
many times do we have to tell you people, we don't do encores,"
yelled Greg. "But we did forget a few songs."
They finished their set with "21st Century Digital Boy," a
frighteningly close parallel to the modem home life about a child who
has a lot of toys but can't read and whose unaffectionate mother is on
Now came the part I had been waiting for, the interview. I
immediately started flashing my pass and worked my way back stage
where I met the man. After some chit chat, he took me to his bus for
the interview. We ran into Keith and Jen along the way and he invited
us all in.
With a relaxed and confident air he sipped his Gatorade and
answered my question about why his band has been performing
steadily for about fourteen years.
"We are determined, we are musically inclined and even if I
wasn't in Bad Religion I would be playing music of some sort So a:
the band is productive, and b: we take it upon ourselves to improve—
it is a commitment to ourselves and to our fans to get better each
year. And if you have that commitment you will see results and if
you see the results there is no reason to stop."
By looking at this man you would never guess he was a PhD
student at Cornell University. As soon as he opens his mouth, all
doubts are eliminated. Most of his songs require dictionaries to
understand and the messages in them are so thought provoking
that it makes you wonder about what goes on in this man's mind.
"Are my student's surprised that I'm in Bad Religion? Yeah,
it goes both ways. But at school, I try and keep things separate,"
explains Greg about his seemingly paradoxical lifestyles. "In class
they're usually looking at the clock more than they are looking at
their teacher. So it is easy to keep them separate."
Many of his songs depict religion in a negative light With
their band name and lyrics like "Everybody's praying don't prey
on me," it made me wonder why they would speak this way about
"Religion in Bad Religion is not used expliciUy. We're not
saying all christians are bad, we're not saying all hindus are bad.
Religion is a metaphor for organized, blind ways of thinking that
are shared by groups. Prescriptive ways of thinking, where one
guy tells a group of people how to think or one doctrine explains
the way everyone should behave. That is what Bad Religion is
about, it's against that.
"It's a job, but it's a fun job," Greg chuckles as he explains
his music projects, Bad Religion and Epitaph records. "What
better thing can you. have than something that you love to do and
be able to make a career out of it I mean I take it upon myself to
be busy at all times. If I'm not on tour with Bad Religion I'm off
furthering my academic career and contributing to science. Which
is really like two careers, and they are both extremely rewarding.
But they keep me unusually busy. So, whenever one becomes dull
or mundane, that is when I stop."
Now it was time for us to get our own autographs and leave.
For Greg, it was time to meet the fans waiting outside his bus.
I didn't feel that I did an interview, I felt that I had listened to
a person's speech. Every word was calculated, placed one after the
other to streamline his message. Such verbal precision can also be
found in Mr. Brett's (the other songwriter and lead rhythm
guitarist) lyrics.
Backed by another lead guitarist, Greg Hetson, bass player.
Jay Bentley, and new drummer, Bobby Schayer, it's no wonder
why this group has been described as "the thinking person's
Violinist Vengerov
lives in his music
by William Hamlin
Reviewers of violinist Maxim Vengerov say that the 19 year-
old is unidentifiable as a teenager. This is just as true of conversation with him.
His intensely expressive stage presence—he could hold one's
attention on the basis of sight alone—and amazing, even uncanny
playing belie a quiet persona which in turn belies a profoundly
developed artistry.
Maxim Vengerov,
17 October 1993
Bom and raised in Siberia (now residing in Israel), he
quickly caught the ear of people around him, thus getting the
chance to study under the best teachers in the old Soviet Union.
Said one of them, violinists of Vengerov's ability are "bom but
once in a hundred years."
Upon speaking with him at his hotel; it became clear that
Vengerov is not just a good violinist in the way that one can be a
good typist or sardine packer, but an artist in the most complete
sense of the word.
To Vengerov, concerts are a dialogue, but with an important
qualification. "The performer is the only one who can speak in
music," he said, "The audience can only respond in feelings,
during and after die performance. The performer should be the
one who leads the conversation, because the audience came to
hear what he had in mind."
"Sometimes it's really hard to get the kind of response you
want I never expect the same response from the people I play for,
because... people are different" The concert at the Playhouse
was "simple.., easy, it's almost never that easy. I knew what I
was doing, and they understood, from the beginning."
Years of strict emphasis on technique have evidently enabled
Vengerov to manipulate the violin as effortlessly as his voice box.
He no longer has the need to prove his ability to play, just a free
hand toexpress the volumes that his music means to mm.
Vengerov is one who really gives a concert he possesses the
music inside of him, and acts as a cipher of it, decoding hand
exuding it so that his audience is possessed by it
'The violin is like a language wihout words. Everyone
should be able to understand it," he says. "If you meet someone
for the first time and you start talking philosophy to him, he won't
understand you. You have to start off slowly if you want to end up
saying what you really want to."
Vengerov chooses his programmes carefully, beginning with
something easy to absorb and working up to the more complex
music. On Sunday, the philosophical maelstrom was represented
by Profokiev's ironic and fatalistic F minor Sonata, no. 1 and a
Polonaise in D major by Wieniawski (who, says Vengerov, "is to
the violin what Chopin is to the piano"). The concert opened with
the bright A major sonata, K. 305 by Mozart, Vengerov's
favourite composer.
"Mozart had everything in him: naivety, reality—I can't say
he wasn't aggressive. In his compositions there's a lot of playing
around. He makes you expect him to do one thing, then he does
the opposite."
These are themes that Seem to be common to other aspects of
Vengerov, He views life as a multi-faceted thing,
and music—which, to him, is closely related to life—as equally
valid in all its forms.
With his spare time, he says, he likes to do anything, with an
emphasis on sports. But music is his life and livelihood. "I don't
meat that I can only imagine myself with the violin. The violin is
only one way you can express yourself. I can imagine myself in
another profession in music, but I cannot live without music."
Radiohead - Pablo Honey
-i r
Receive $2.00 Off any featured "Raw Passion"
CD title with a valid Student ID Card. Coupon in
effect until Saturday, November 6th 1993 at all
HMV locations (Excluding Ottawa & Quebec).
One coupon per transaction.
THEUBYSSEY Film Festival     11
Wowsers! Life, death, sex, happiness
Things blown
up real good
by Steve Chow
To condense the existential vision
of Full Contact, a journey into the
seventh golden chamber of an ultra-
violent heaven:
Full Contact
dir. Ringo Lam
w/ Chow Yun-Fat
Whoa, baby! Things blown up
real good ... explosions that say "I
love you, sweetie" in a million
brilliant, red-hot shards of fury...
mayhem blasting from guns, guns,
guns ... bullets that explode in mid-air
collisions, blowing holes in everything
and everybody ... (digression: even
the innocent get hurt, maimed, burned
alive—is there such a thing a innocence in this world after all?)...
butterfly knives slicing and dicing
Ginsu II-like ... amputated fingers,
bodies ridden with so many oozing
wounds they look like pin-cushions ...
(aside: yet, amidst the violence, the
audience is confronted with the
musings of characters trapped in a
crazy reality—'To live in this world,
you must be insane!" says Judge, bad
guy, death by ultra-violence)...
sexual overflow in the seedy underbelly of the Chinese underworld...
Chow Yun-Fat (comment: this lad's
got STYLE, baby, STYLE) in a badass crewcut, cool, slick, cocky with
controlled cruelty (message: Van
Damme, eat your heart out—Mister
Chow you ain't, babe)... revenge,
heroism, friendship, true love, thick
pools of red lifefluid ... (musing: what
does it mean to be a human being
drowning in a sea of blood and body
Only in Hong Kong.
Fully completely NOT for those
with weak stomachs or partiality to
brotherly and sisterly love. Joy Luck
Club this is not
thriller because the biggest thrill we
got was rushing, press passes in hand,
past the Friday night queue of
stickbrains who paid to see this thing.
The Hawk is not about a
woman—the weak, defenceless
stereotype that passes for a main
character is not a real woman. When
she sees her husband's loony stare, she
becomes a quivering victim. She's as
anal as Mrs. Cleaver, running around
trying to maintain the perfect home
between bouts of gratuitous terror.
And the killer is not a real man—
unless you believe in sensationalized,
psychotic beings postulated on A
Current Affair or in pop films. His face
belongs on a Killer Collector Card.
Even if you can handle the unreal
characters whose sole purpose seems
to be to reinforce the Weekly World
News myth of every housewife's worst
nightmare, you probably won't get far
with the plot.
The production's half-hearted
attempt to be a detective film bogs
down in the licence plates and tire
tracks that obsess the dumb director
and confuse the dumb cops.
The film became quite painful to
watch after the first fifteen minutes,
and if it wasn't for our incredible
ability as reviewers to stomach bad
performances, the ten people between
us and the aisle would had to have
been interrupted.
But being the high professionals
that we are, we remained highly
takes a shit
by Taivo Evard and Omar Kassis
This film is crap. It's billed as a
British suspense thriller about a
woman who begins to suspect her
estranged husband of a series of grisly
But it's not It's a British movie
tying hard to be a Hollywood movie—
and failing.
The Hawk
dir. David Hayman
w/ Helen Mirren
Hayman's film is not suspense-
ful—except for about fifteen seconds—and not all together. You know
right from the beginning who the
culprit is as soon as you see his loony
killer eyes.
You can hardly call this movie a
Two snaps in
by Jennifer Cunningham
When I first heard the tide I
thought, "the wha?"
The Snapper—Dublin slang for a
baby. OK, so this was going to be
about a baby, right? Not exacdy.
The Snapper
dir. Stevan Frears
w/Colm Meany & Tina Kellegher
Based on Roddy Doyle's second
book, (The Commitments was his first),
The Snapper is about a working class
Dublin family. Sharon Curley (played
to perfection by Tina Kellegher) has
announced that she is pregnant and
refuses to name the father. What
results is a warmhearted and often
hilarious look at the fragile
incompatability within families.
Colm Meany (Star Trek:Deep
Space Nine, The Commitments) gives a
wonderful performance as Dessie
Curley, the sometimes proud,
sometimes ashamed grandfather to be.
All of the actors contribute to making
this a truely enjoyable film.
Roddy Doyle certainly has a
grasp of the ordinary and a talent to
mm it around. Add a bit of black Celtic
humour, and he comes up with
something that leaves you holding
your sides.
Aside from missing the occasional line due to audience laughter,
and the small technical problem
midwav through the movie, one left
with the feeling of "Wow! What a
great movie!" It was certainly easy to
see why this movie won the most
popular film at the Toronto Film
Festival Hopefully, we'll see more of
Doyle's books on the screen.
My one regret about this movie is
that I didn't take all of my friends with
me to see it Put out by Miramax films
and directed by Stevan Frears (The
Grifters and Dangerous Liasions), this
is definitely one not to be missed. Talk
to your local video store about the
availability of this film. You won't be
Listen to
by Sara Dorsey
Invariably, when I sign with a
Deaf friend on the bus or in a bar,
people stare as if the language we use
is an unfortunate or dramatic affliction.
American Sign Language is in fact the
language of a vital and complete
subculture—the Deaf community.
Every nation in the world has its
own sign language, and there are
distinct "dialects" between Deaf
communities. As a student of
American Sign Language, I therefore
had some trouble understanding the
French sign for In the Land ofthe
I must admit I read the subtitles
an awful lot
In the Land ol the Deal
dir. Nicolas Philibert
Director Nicolas Philibert uses the
documentary form to expose the
history of both struggle and pride of
France's deaf communities. Like Deaf
communities all over the world, this
history is marked by extreme (and
violent) oppression as dominant
hearing cultures have forcefully   •
assimilated deaf people for centuries.
Through 99 minutes of rich
images and powerful content Philibert
shows us that deafness is not a
disability, but rather a cultural
identity—like ethnicity or religion, it
binds a distinct community. All over
the world, these communities produce
distinct myths, folklore, norms and
social codes. Philibert follows Deaf
people of different ages throughout the
film to reveal some Deaf culture.
Reminiscent of the legacy of
residential schools in Canada decades
ago, oral schools for the Deaf also have
a brutal history of repression. Sign
languages and other central aspects of
Deaf culture were outlawed, and
children were violently forced to speak
and lipread (even though we know that
the most skilled lipreader can only
understand up to one-third of what is
While I was aware that oral
schools still exist I was shocked to see
footage of a contemporary school that
subscribed to this same history of
domination. While physical violence
was absent the emotional violence of
the constant drilling, watchfulness,
scolding was not. It was honesdy
sickening to watch this, knowing it is
called "education."
There is more to Deafriess than
oppression, however: there is pride of a
rich culture. We were shown a signing
quartet making visual music. We
watched families and couples and
friends hanging out fighting, playing.
Deaf and hearing members of the
audience alike delighted in the
interviews with a wonderfully sarcastic
but warm teacher who bluntly
exploded myths, about Deafness and
kept us laughing.
I think more than a few hearing
people left Vancouver Centre that
night with some pretty good insight
into a previously unknown culture.
Till murder
do us part
by Tanya Storr
You know something's wrong in
your relationship when you ask your
partner, "What's the matter?" and they
reply, "I love you."
Carlos Carrera's black comedy
focuses on a couple who have spent 40
years in disjointed matrimony.
Jacqueline (Socorro Bonilla) discovers
that her husband, Nicolas Alonso
Echanove) is cheating on her early in
their marriage. She retaliates by taking
various lovers, and convinces each one
to try to murder her husband.
Conjugal Lile
dir. Carlos Canera
Jacqueline's lovers all fail in their
attempts, but Nicolas successfully
stages his own death after being
charged with fraud. Jacqueline is then
thrown in jail for his "murder."
Years later they reunite, and she
successfully murders him with rat
poison at their fortieth anniversary
dinner. Three days later, she dies of
Although Conjugal Life has
humourous moments, the plot soon
becomes predictable. Each time
Jacqueline finds a new lover, there is
yet another murder attempt made on
her husband.
Jacqueline's final "triumph" is
undercut by her own death, giving an
ironic twist to the vow "until death do
us part."
Ultimately, neither character
progresses beyond the restrictions of
their marriage. As the main symbol in
the film suggests, each partner is like a
bird caught in a cage. Even in death
their tombstones he side by side.
Liberal • Vancouver Quadra
Graduate of Yale University Law School; doctoral degree from Yale University; Lecturer and Assistant
Professor at Yale University; full Professorships at the University of Toronto, McGill University, the
University of Indiana, and most recently Simon Fraser University.
Consultant and Advisor to the United Nations, to the Canadian, Quebed Ontario, and British Columbia
covernments, to the Cree Nations (Treaty Nations 6, 7, and 8), and to a number of foreign governments.
Special Advisor to the Canadian Delegation to the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, 1982, and
Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague, 1985-91.
Author of 23 books, (two in French, one in German), and co-author of 13 others.
Practised law before entering full-time University teaching, as Crown Prosecutor as well as civil litigation.
Ted McWhinney gained his commission in the Air Force at the age of nineteen and he has continued
this interest in flying throughout his career, serving as Director of McGill University's internationally
recognized Air-Space Institute and chairing several international commissions on air communications,
space-science research, and international telecommunications technology.
Please support Ted McWhinney on October 25th
3031 Main St. (at 14th), Vancouver, B.C., V5T3G6Tel:(604)874-7222
At Microsoft, we've created an atmosphere where our products -uid people can continue to
If you're intrigued by the opportunity to make a great product even better, talk to
us. You can help us keep the
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alive. By spending your time creating tire world's best products. At the same time, you'!
in new directions as well. Which is just as cool.
Company Presentation
Computer Science Bldg., Room 464
Thursday, October 28,1993
Microsoft is an Equal Opportunity Employer and supports workforce diversity.
Microsoft is a re»i:stored trademark and Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. FRIDAY 22 OCTOBER. 1993
THEUBYSSEY Film Festival 13
What?? Still more Film Festival reviews?!
Greed and
fate among
the blessed
by Bianca Zee and Michelle Wong
Greed versus love. Paolo and
Vittorio Taviani's epic movie, FiorUe
reveals the awesome power that greed
invokes, not only from those who
pursue wealth but from those who are
the victims of it
The movie centres around the
Benedetti ("blessed") family. The
father of the present-day family
explains to his daughter and son why
the people of the region call them
"Maledetti" ("cursed").
dir. Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
With a chest of gold and the love
of a French soldier, an epic journey
through the Italian countryside begins,
tracing family roots into the past
As the tale unfolds, the audience
realizes that it was not a curse or fate
which brough unfortunate circumstances such as fratricide into the
family, but greed. As time goes by and
generations pass, the cruel deeds of the
ancestors are revisited upon their
Eventually the tale comes to the
life of the grandfather of the present
Benedetti family. His passionate belief
in ihe goodness and tenderness of his
nature during his youth was not
enough to save him from the cruel
workings of fate. Yes, the abominable
deeds initiated from the greed of one
man have eventually resulted in fate
taking over.
The grandfather loses all faith and
hope for the goodness within himself
and his descendents to persevere over
the evil. His anger at his son for
bringing his grandchildren to visit him
reveals his fear that the workings of
greed will live again in his descendents.
The closing scene supports his
dark thoughts. The young boy fingers
one of the original gold coins which
initiated the curse and the young girl
solemnly traces the name "Fiorile" on
the window—the symbol of love, life,
and happiness in the film.
cries wolf!
by Steve Scali
Wolf! Wolf! is basically a "lock
at all this crap that's happened tome,
but oh well, life isn't perfect or so had
after all and I guess there are many
reasons to be happy and shiny" movie.
The plot is simple: three siblings
looking for their missing father
recapture the special bond of their
Wolf! Woll!
dir. Carlo Verdone
You're probably thinking, "Gee,
sounds original" cr "Cry me a river,"
but although the scory line is slightly
contrived, the viewer is willing to
forgive this cardinal sin of cliche
mosdy because of the work's fast pace,
frequent plot twists and humour. We
really get to know the three siblings
while learning more about their
estrangement from their world-famous,
eccentric sculptor father.
Gregorio is a lonely, balding,
middle-aged former classical violinist
who acts as a rap/funk/multi-media DJ
and nurses an inferiority complex for
brother Vmrni. A famous pianist
Vanni is a nice, nerdy fellow who "has
never banged anything but the piano"
and feels unloved. Perhaps too loved,
Lidia is a mother with a passion for
men other than her husband, and is
trying to sort her life out. All of them
have some work to do on themselves at
the beginning, but by the end they've
definitely improved.
To this end, the three finally
recognize the beauty of life despite its
many imperfections, learning to deal
with the uncertainty, confusion and
mindbogglingness. They chase down
their father using lines from a
mysterious poem, which leads to him
in a famous place in Italy (hint: not
Rome, Florence, or Venice).
The end is symbolic and everyone
makes peace with one another, and
"sob, sob" with him or herself. You
leave the theatre with contentment in
your heart and a sigh on your lips.
Other messages as clear as day include
acceptance, reconciliation, forgiveness
and love.
Wolf! Wolf! is very comical,
especially if you speak Italian. I
learned some practical, interesting
vocabulary, untranslatable in English,
such a numerous denotations of the
word "cazzo." The sexual and black
humor I also deeply appreciated, as did
the primarily over-55 year-old crowd.
Carlo Verdone didn't do a bad job
directing, either. Nothing fancy, but no
major screwups like protagonists
getting out of the sea dry.
All in all, see this movie if you
want a feel good movie. It's especially
Into the Realm ofthe Grotty
by Omar Washington
Sniff, pedal coast, pedal coast, snort hack,
cough, breathe in, breathe out, "...like a swinging;
door, infinite sides of the same universe..."peddle
coast, glide, stop, unlock, lock, bustle, wipe,
breathe sniff...
My prof hands me an assignment, I hurriedlj
find the nearest seat, sweat glistens and seethes
from my body, beads of sweat cascade from my
head leaving marks like tears on my
notebook...ruffle, unruffle...
Uh ohh. SNOT lots of snot ooozing, not quite
staying where it should, leaving its comfortable
home in the nose to forge a new existence in the
real world. Snot gets in the way of breathing. Is
snot bad because of this? Or does snot just have lo
be dealt with like bad sit-coms or violent crime?
A sniff and a wipe, to no avail, more snot. I notice
a girl next to me, she's got snot too, but she's got
kleenex, scotties, little softies. She's blowing her
snot, I'm sniffing mine, will she offer me some
sniff stoppers?...
Other people are sniffing, at least four or five,
its a symphony of sniffs, an eager symphony of
eager snot. Ohh the beauty!
I'm cooling off. My glasses are fogging. A
warm bead of sweat makes a careful yet chaotic
descent down the center of my back and rests in
the already colonized rim of my briefs. A moment
of personal grottiness in a sea of public grottiness.
That's it! I've reached pure grottiness, an
essence. I'm wearing clothes I slept in (do I
smell), I'm sweating profusely, I'm harboring
refugee snot... Yet I've only got 2 days growth on
my face. I'm grotty but not grotty qua grotty.
Grotty qua grotty is something that can be
found on a good day at The Ubyssey. A careful
mixture of hair sweat, snot and literature, all
combining to create an urgent yet avant-garde
energy in the air.
Then again here I sit discussing postmodernism in literature, surrounded by others
dabbling in grottiness, grease-laden mountain
bikes loom grottily at the side of the room, the
air is filled with the chaotic harmony of sniffs,
hair cascades off the shoulders and around the
ears of tomorrow's leaders. Could this be true
grottiness, could my partial grottiness be
contributing to the greater grotty, universal
Alas no. Our prof, while most definitely a
man with ;j!rotty tendencies, exists as a beacon
of post-grottiness. He knows the grotty, he was
definitely once grotty and I know he must
dabble in it at limes; but now he is immersed in
grottiness, yet somehow exists above it, or at
least apart from it. Perhaps he's a product of
true grottiness, an example of refined
grottiness, providing a contrast to, and yet an
encouragement to our own budding grottiness.
To be isure then, true grottiness can only be
found in numbers, except in rare cases when an
individual rises above the masses through an
arduous period of cultivation and becomes
grotty qua grotty. Of course this most likely
occurs at periods of mass grottiness such as
November or December, when whole institutions delve into the realm of the grotty.
I await this period eagerly, and it provides
inspiration enough to keep biking to school.
good for those family closeness
bonding moments or for a date.
And what does the tide refer to?
You find out.
'This is
death, boy!"
by Steve Scali
An Italy expert by ascribed status,
I enjoyed Flight ofthe Innocent. It
shares a number of similarities to The
Fugitive: suspense, lots of action, a
good plot nice scenery, not much
gratuitous sex, good acting and
exciting story twists.
Set in Calabria (the toe) and
Rome (of Italy), the storyline revolves
around a small boy who witnesses the
execution of his crooked kidnapper
family by rivals and then tries to
escape with his life while also making
amends for the death of the wealthy
kidnap victim his brother murdered.
Flight of the Innocent
dir Carlo Carlei
The film is really is quite brilliant
in its simplicity, with great acting,
especially by eight year-old Vito,
although I thought he probably would
have been more in shock after seeing
his significant others shot to pulp.
One of the most outstanding
features of the film is director Carlo
Carlei's exquisite shooting and
orchestration. The film is a beautiful
work, full of the color and lifeblood
(literal and figurative) of the desolate
splendour of the Aspromonte and the
bustling grandeur of Rome.
I hate to say it but the killings are
especially well done—explicit bloody,
messy and realistic. A supremely
poignant scene features the mother
shot in the stomach, her blood pouring
through a white bedsheet Violence
and death are everywhere, and the
viewer is left with no illusions as to the
main theme of the movie. "This is
death, boy!" young Vito is told over
and over and over again.
The failure of violence as a means
of personal gain is well articulated, as
is the notion of lost innocence and the
overall inequity of life. Vito's family
and their rivals are certainly not
excused from moral agency for their
actions. However, we recognize that
the brutality of their lives and
motivations are somewhat the product
of social, historical, economic and
political forces beyond their control.
The indigence and oppression
suffered by the people of the
Mezzogiorno (Southern Italy), which
spurred millions to leave for the
Americas and Australia, including my
progenitors, continue into the present.
The gulf between the North and South
is an auxiliary motif in Flight, whose
ultimate resolution is left to Vito in the
final scene (hint climax).
This movie won't make you jump
up with joy at the human potentiality
for evil, nor will you want to go
hunting anytime soon or vote to relax
gun laws. It is however, an entertaining
film that will teach you something.
And actually learning something from
a movie is a novel idea considering the
utter drivel they feed us from Hollywood.
William Gibson
Writer's Festival in
Tuesday's Ubyssey.
l,q*Ts.- The Arts Undergraduate Society
Is holding a by-election for
the position of TREASURER fr
2 AMS Representatives.
This position is open to all Undergraduates
registered in the Faculty of Arts including B.A,
B.F.A, B. Mas., and B.S.W.
Nomination forms are available at the
A.U.S. office (Buch. A107). Nomination forms
are due on Friday, October 29th at 12:30 p.m.
An all-candidates meeting will be held at
the AUS office October 29th at 5:30 p.m.:
attendance is mandatory. Elections for treasurer will be held on November 3rd and 4th.
Elections will be administered by S.A.C. 14     THE UBYSSEY Ob/Ed
IAY 22 OCTOBER. 1993
Whichever candidate you vote for on Monday, the new
federal government will probably be bringing in a new system
of student loans. The system will likely feature "income-contingent loan repayment", a plan kicked around since 1955 and
now supported in one form or another by the Liberal, Conservative, Reform and New Democratic parties.
The program sounds good at first. Loan amounts will be
increased to cover living expenses, and the amount of the loan
are bringing in.
Fair and square? Well, not really. While the details of any
new program will have to be established, the income-contingent plans will only hurt poor students more. By increasing the
total loan amount, the poor student with a Mcjob ahead of her
will be paying back as much as the new corporate lawyer, albeit
over a longer period. As with regressive taxes like the GST, the
poor student will be using more of her basic income on loan
repayment than her richer counterparts.
An income-contingent plan would also encourage universities to raise tuition fees, since the impact on student pocket
books would not be immediate but would be spread over the
The Ubyssey
22 October, 1993
The Ubyssey is a founding memeber ofthe Canadian University Press
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater Society of the University of British
Columbia. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the UBC administration, or of the publisher. The editorial office is Room SUB 241K of theStudent Union Building. Editorial
Dept.; phone822-2301; Advertising 822-3977; FAX: 822-9279.
"So, like, we were just, like, sitting there right? And, ohmigod, you would not believe what
happened!" said Tessa Moon in a fit Ruta Fluxgold and Gregg McNally licked intoxica tingly. Meanwhile Paula
Foran, was accompanying Liz van Assum in a rousing rendition of the Love Boat theme Paying no attention
Taivo Evard and Doug Ferris looked at each other and exdaimed.'Tell us what happened!" "Well, Niva Chow
and Siobhan Roantree are sleeping together while Steve Chow sat there bleating with his cohort Christine Price.
Sara Martin was in the other comer playing Russian roulette with Graham Cook standing over expectantly. Ted
Young Ing sang "Feelings" with gusto while Sarah O'Donnell and Desiree Adib did the Mashed Potato. The
infamous Michael (I. strolled into the menagerie wearing a striking girdle. Rick Hiebert wandered up and
stated (in a non- intimidating manner) "What's your sign, baby?" Gillian Gailmant-Smith, smoking a Camel,
laughed mysteriously in a corner while discussing Dijonnaise with Jeff Haas. In walks Ian Lloyd with a
flamethrower jauntily slung over his well-rounded shoulder. "Anyone for a barbcue?" Anne Gebauer pulled
Will Hamlin over, smeared him with Heinz (for there are no other lands) and demanded that his toes be
scorched." How scrumptious!" cried Jennifer Cunningham and the hordes descended to feast The rapture
escalated when Seumas Graham bared his fledgling fangs and punctured the sumptuous neck of Bianca Zee.
The holy Jiffy snort was passed to all who danced the Funky Chicken. Michelle Wong, having been selected
to do the honour, crowed in delight as she circled Steve Scali. Their noses sufficiently blackened, Tanya Storr
and Bob Beck levitated into a state of nirvana - then darkness descended.Sounds of horror filled the night as
the revellers realized the darkness that cloaked them came in the form of Bob Main."Nooooooooooooooooo!
Nooooooooooooo! Auugghh!"R_icha Razabda showed up late and we couldn't spell her name, oh well.
Photography Coord-utor: Sioblun Ho*--**-*-1
New* Coo-*dJn*-tor Graham Cook
News Editora: Sm 1* that the phone?' Martin. Taivo Evard
Production CoGrdbu-tor: EUaabeth van Aaaum
Culture Coot-dlnator Steve Chow
Cuhum EdUcr: Ted Young-lng
CooKUiutmg Editor Doug Farts
repayment term. Higher fees means more "independence'
for universities—but also opens the door for an abdication of
government responsibility for higher education. Higher fees
means governments can spend more money on highways
and helicopters, leaving students themselves to pay for the
"privilege" of their university or college education.
And far from encouraging more students to attend
university, the threat of a mountain of personal debt would
discourage many young people from continuing their education.
A report by the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS)
called "Compromising Access" points to how income-contingent programs in place in Sweden and Australia have led to
higher fees and may be dissuading students from further
study. The CFS recommends a different approach entirely,
starting with the assumption that higher education is a right,
not a privilege for an elite or a program that must be geared to
the needs of business.
They recommend a national grant system rather than
student loans to give access to low income and otherwise
marginalized students. They also recommend the elimination of tuition fees entirely, unfortunately a "radical" optionin
these times. It might be noted that only the National Party and
some other smaller parties have a no-tuition policy. The NDP
has promised a "move towards no tuition"— but only in the
second or third term of an NDP government, an unlikely
prospect to say the least.
The final recommendation of the CFS is eminently
sensible, and perhaps for that reason will be beyond the pale
for the right-wing parties in parliament (Reform, Bloc Quebecois, Liberal and Tory). The suggestion is to make Canada's
tax system progressive, with profitable corporations actually
paying a minimum corporate tax. (It was good enough for
Ronald Reagan!)
The AMS with their Vote Education campaign has been
meeting with Vancouver riding Candidates to discuss post-
secondary education and promote these issues as a high
priority in each candidate's election campaign. However
because the student vote is one of the most volatile votes,
candidates will say anything four days before the election to
woo them. After the election, politicians will once again leave
by the wayside issues which, during the federal election, are
used to secure votes rather than secure students' accessibility
to post-secondary education. FRIDAY 22 OCTOBER. 1993
THEUBYSSEY Letters    15
Letters to the Staff
Er, urn.
sure Peter
Loved your retrospective, but it left me confused.
Michael Valpy begins four
consecutive paragraphs by
saying that'The Ubyssey has
a role'', and apparently just
this one role, of "dicking
around", "exposing flimflam'', etc. A role implies a
script, and a script implies a
theme or agenda.
But then Katherine
Monk says, "The minute it
[The Ubyssey] starts to become a single agenda newspaper is the day it starts to
So, er, um, which is it?
Peter T. Chattaway
Arts 3
shafts protestors
A community protest against
the University of British
Columbia's plan to clear-cut
a south campus forest ended
September 21 — 100 days
from the stormy June
evening on which the treesitters entered the area.
Those persons who
were conceived to be active
protestors were served a Writ
of Summons from the Supreme Court of British Columbia on September 16. On
the advice of lawyers, the
protestors decided to leave
the site at 16th Avenue and
East Mall. None of those
involved could afford the impoverishment of years of litigation in the courts should
the University bring its
heavily-punitive injunction
against the group.
The restraining order sought by the UBC administration would have
brought criminal charges,
including trespass, intimidation, nuisance, obstruction,
interference, conspiracy. Attached affidavits asserted
vandalism and theft.
The document
named ten persons: ironically, a number of these persons had simply entered the
area to help remove tents and
equipments. Also listed in the
Writof Summons were "John
Doe, Jane Doe, and persons
In short, the restraint would ensure that no
person, known or "unknown",
might act on individual conscience without putting all
persons at risk.
The University now
has a powerful corporate tool
in the restraining order. A
Board of Governors' agreement this past summer assured that the University
would follow public process
in its plans from now on: as it
happens, the first act of pub-
he process, not two months
later, found the UBC administration asking the Supreme
Court of BC for a criminal
reading against its own students and neighbours.
Community protestors supported the tree-
sitting action for 100 days to
draw public attention to
UBCs South Campus Plan.
The Plan would cut down all
remainingforestonthat 16th
Avenue site, replacing trees
with great tracts of market
housing and industrial research facilities. Plans for
increased road systems to
"double vehicular traffic"
(University planner Andrew
Brown, in a June public
meeting), would make islands of playgrounds and
schools, and would further
pollute residential living
Finally, the South
Campus Flan would change
the whole nature ofthe University, from a public institution to a private one. Perhaps president David
Strangway envisions a Corporation of Advanced Engineering as the future fortius
Point Grey campus (see
Vancouver Sun, July 30,
Protestors at the
South Campus site do not
share the Strangway vision.
They went to the public
lands at 16th Avenue and
East Mall this summer to
represent their BC constituency, and to fight for its
Nancy Horsman
Dear Mama,
I remember your meat and
potatoes. These days were
so happy and filling.
Here at U.B.C, they
closed the SUB cafeteria, the
only good restaurant, at
three in the afternoon. Well,
I shouldn't call it a good restaurant. Good restaurants
do alot ofbusiness at supper
But, the facilities were
there to boil potatoes and
carrots and broil chicken.
A professor told us that
in their last year as a "respectable" restaurant, they
served chicken every night
— and that was it — no
other choice, except the fried
My friends who have
been here for afewyears say
it's a management problem.
Supposedly, the management was losing money on
the operation after they
opened Trekkers. Trekkers
is 20 minutes away from the
nucleus of activities and ifs
a place where you wait for
service. Well, it's not really
20 minutes from nowhere,
Ifs 10 minutes each way
and then there's the wait for
service. Ifs a special butt
pain in wet, cold weathr
when there's a meeting in
SUB or youVe just come out
of the pool or gym. Everything is very handy to SUB.
I dont know why they closed
the cafeteria.
Now a lot of people go to
the village. There are 3 or 4
eateries there. They're not
far from the gym, maybe 10
Ifs bizarre that these
restaurants are packed at
supper and the UBC managers can't make money.
And they've got tens of thousands of dollars worth of
cooking and serving facilities going to waste.
Everyone is so sure they
need different management
but they say the bosses are
nice old ladies and noone
wants to upset them.
But gee, mom, you
never complained if we said
we preferred to have some
of your stew or macaroni
and cheese instead of every
night, fries, fries,
cholesterally fires.
I guess I shouldn't complain because the people who
hid Mr. Aidid from the
Americans in Somalia would
indubitably be glad to get a
fried burger in the Pit Pub,
or a jumbo dog in another
dinky corner ofthe basement,
or some microwaved frozen
pasta in the new delicatessen, which fakes as a nice
But gee mom, I wish
you were here to show the
old ladies how to compete
with the fast food junkies.
Hey, thafs where
Mr. Aidid was hiding, I bet,
In Mcdonalds on the main
drag of Somalia.
Your Son,
Hungary Harold
P.S. Please send some money
as fast food is call ed fast for 2
reasons. It forces you to fast
and deletes your bank account real fast .
Ode to an Administrator
The way this university is
run is absurd.
I wish I could express myself
with the poetic word.
The administration is but
Strangway's puppet.
I feel so bad I want to vomit.
He cuts our trees for logs in
his fire,
thafs why the state of our
forests is so dire.
He lifts his greedy fist and
pounds the roses
to make room for all the
Our grass has been turned to
all thanks to Strangway.
Our tin tion fees grow greater
and greater
so he and his colleagues can
shuffle paper.
He seems to be grabbing land
doesn't matter if ifs First
Nations or fraternity.
Leaders and presidents pay
tribute at his house
bought   with   borrowed
money; that dirty louse!
Mark Blair,
Kappa Sigma pledge
Ballot box
Here's one final evaluation
ofthe major political parties
participating in "You-Wish-
It-Was-A-Democracy "93."
Each has a likely slogan,
reasons why they are, and
their prospects for the
election's aftermath:
The Conservatives:
SLOGAN: "Dont hate me
because Fm beautiful!"
THE WHY: Things don't
look good for Kim and the
incumbent hordes. Maybe
ifs because of those nasty
ads. At least they're led by a
fresh, new face from
PROSPECTS: They might
seek a coalition with the Bloc
Quebecois or Reform, but
cant get both.
The Liberals:
SLOGAN: "Reject the old
new ways; choose the new
old ways".
THE WHY: They ran a very
quiet, non-de script campaign. Chretien's leadership
style could be best described
as "undead".
PROSPECTS: If they get a
majority, expect them to
break the helicopter promise first. If they are a minority, expect cooperation with
the Tories, or if they're
smart, the Reformers. (Both
are federalists to some degree.)
The National Party:
SLOGAN: "Hey! Over here!
Let us in!
start hampered them this
election, buttheyhaveagood
chance if they stay on for the
next one. However, they
need to be hardcore in their
stance—people dont want
"nice" anymore.
this time. A minority government would benefit them
best, but only if they stay on
the attack.
The New Democratic Party:
SLOGAN: "Please, can't we
all just get along?"
WHY: Timidity killed them.
Their provincial governments have tried for some
sort of corporate-friendly socialism. They have lost the
support of environmentalists. They have lost a lot of
the worker's vote. They have
lost the anti-government
vote. Businessmen still don't
like them.
PROSPECTS: They'll get 10
seats at best, or nil at worst.
Audrey's days are numbered.
The Reform Party:
SLOGAN: "Might is right or
right is might?"
WHY: Despite his party,
Manning soldiers on with
his cut-and-slice crusade.
True or not, every warning
given to people about Reform pushed people towards
it. Pleas for mercy by the
three old parties are encouraging the bloodletting.
PROSPECTS: In a Liberal
majority, they'd be the real
opposition, despite the BQ.
In a minority government,
they might try a coalition
with the Tories, but it would
cost them a lot of support.
Protest voters will tire of
them soon.
Bgan Sepehri
Political Science 2
Mock Stock and
In the hurly-burly of today's
political world where confusion reigns and sense and
nonsense are interchangeable, it is time to introduce a
new term. I propose we coin
the term deMOCKratic to
cover our political process.
It describes a political
process where none or some
grossly inadequate percentage of eligible voters vote, as
most have lost faith in the
system, even if they vote in
significant numbers, their
wishes are ignored as is evidenced by Bob Rae, Brian
Mulroney and other elected
The term democratic
has validity at the grass roots
even in such places as village councils, small societies
and cooperatives.
The term demockratic
would apply to such socities
as South Africa, Saudi
Arabia, Kuwait, Nigeria and
others too numerous to mention.
The term democracy
would apply, where in the
words of Abraham Lincoln,
we have "government OF the
people, BY the people, FOR
the people.
G. Ropchan
Etobicoke, Ontario.
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on
any issue.Lettersmustbe typed and
are not to exceed 300 words in
length. Content which is judged to
be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be
published. Please be concise. Letters
may be edited for brevity, but it is
standard policy not to edit letters
for spelling or grammar mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241K. Letters must include name, faculty and signature
Available: a career that's
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• professional • in demand
Learn more about chiropractic health care-
a career as new as tomorrow.
Day/Date:   Mon. Nov. 1
Place:   Rm. 224 in the S.U.B.
If you cannot attend, and
want to know more about
chiropractic as a career,
contact 1-800-782-3344 (US),
1-800-533-9210 (CAN).
Your future is Logan! 16     THEUBYSSEY
Student associations across Canada believe post-secondary education is an
answer to many of Canada's problems. What do your candidates believe?
^___^—*—~~ \
si«*'" . sotfH^—-***-—2
^ 604/822 3092   •*« «"
Between now and Monday, October 25 appraise your candidates' positions
on post-secondary education issues. On election day, Vote Education because it is an investment that makes dollars and sense.
For more information, please contact:   Bill Dobie, AMS President sub256 • 822-3972
Carole Forsythe, AMS Coordinator of External Affairs
A SUB 250 • 822-2050
Vote education
An Investment That Makes Dollars and Sense


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