UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 19, 1978

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 UBC finds budget windfall
The university administration
has a $1.4 million windfall in the
university's operating budget
which it will use for capital
projects, the administration vice-
president of financial affairs
revealed Wednesday.
William White said the windfall
resulted from unexpectedly high
investment profits and the Anti-
Inflation Board's rollback of
university clerical and library
workers' salaries.
In December, 1976 the AIB
chopped to 15 per cent a 19 per cent
wage increase settlement between
the administration and the
Association of University and
College Employees.
White said the AIB rollback
involves between $400,000 and
"When these unexpected, if you
like, windfalls occur, you have to
devote them to non-recurring
Vol. LX, No. 39        VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 19, 1978   <-^^>48    228-2301
White said the money will be
spent on capital projects such as
renovation of facilities and
equipment purchases.
He said that in addition to the
AIB rollback and the unexpected
investment income, there was a
"carry-over" of $200,000 from last
But, he said, "with a yearly
university budget of $175 million, a
small carry-over of a couple of
hundred thousand dollars is insignificant."
Board member George Herman-
son defended the board's decision
to put the money into capital
He said that if the university
ends the year with an operating
surplus the provincial government
will cut next year's operating
"If you carry forward a surplus,
the government cuts you back by
that amount, so you are penalized
for efficiency," Hermanson said.
At a student representative assembly meeting Jan. 11, graduate
studies senator John Russell
suggested the money should be
spent on tuition fee rebates.
But Hermanson said rebates
would only have a short-term effect.
"If there was a rebate for
students it would do nothing for
students next year or in years
later," he said.
Hermanson said surplus monies
go into one-shot projects such as
painting an office or building a
He said buildings are often built
on campus out of capital funds
provided by the government but
the buildings' facilities, such as
furnishings and equipment, have to
EAGER VOTERS cast votes during Wednesday's election for student
representatives to the UBC senate and board of governors. At left Rod
McCarrell gives best Candid Camera gape as he experiences the wonder
—ed o'brien photos
of democracy. At right, four-year-old Lynn Paley, nursery school 1,
mistakes ballot box for giant cookie jar.^
'Student reps could be eliminated'
The B.C. education ministry will
consider eliminating student representation on the governing
bodies of post-secondary institutions if student representatives act "irresponsibly,"
education minister Pat McGeer's
executive assistant said Wednesday.
"If students (representatives)
are going to be irresponsible, then
there is cause to reconsider that
policy (of granting student representation)," said Jim Bennett.
Bennett refused to define exactly
what type of behavior was
"Irresponsible can have a broad
range  of   definitions,"   he   said.
Steam strike fizzles
as confusion reigns
Confusion reigns about whether
or not provincial mediator Ed Sims
has submitted a report about
negotiations between the UBC
administration and the International Union of Operating
University spokesman Al Hunter
said Wednesday that he has not
heard from Victoria whether Sims
has handed in the report.
But union business manager Bill
Kadey said he has received verbal
confirmation that the mediator has
submitted the report.
And until both parties have
proper confirmation that Sims has
submitted the report, the engineers
cannot go ahead with their strike,
the administration says.
The UBC administration is
currently preparing for strike
action by the 26 members of the
UBC local in the wake of failure of
contract talks.
The union is disputing four
contract items with UBC.
Kadey said the first demand is
that steam engineers' wages be
brought up to par with those of
other trade workers on campus.
This would mean an increase of
$156 per month, or 7.6 per cent.
The administration has offered
the engineers a 3.48 per cent increase from the beginning of this
month to April 1, and a second
increase of 4 per cent from April 1
to April 1, 1979.
But the engineers want a one-
year contract rather than the 15-
month contract they are being
offered, the second point of
The administration's offer of a
3.48 per cent increase is based on
hourly rates, rather than the
monthly rate employed currently.
The engineers claim they will lose,
four per cent of their wages
because of this change.
Bennett also refused to give
examples of irresponsibility on the
part of student representatives,
saying he would not "name any
Bennett said any change in
student representation would have
to involve new legislation to
change the Universities Act.
There are currently two student
representatives on UBC's 15-
member board and 17 student
senators on the university's 79-
member senate.
Bennett's comments come at a
time when B.C.'s universities are
waiting for an announcement from
McGeer on whom the provincial
government will appoint to their
main governing bodies, the boards
of governors. Although the government's previous board appointees'
terms expired at the end of 1977,
the cabinet has still not made new
Bennett said the announcement
will be made soon but would not
specify when or explain why there
has been such a long delay in the
appointments, which are usually
made in early January.
"I couldn't give you a reason,"
he said. "I'm sure he (McGeer)
could, but I can't."
The government appoints a
majority of the board of governors
members at each university. Eight
of UBC's 15 board members are
government appointees who serve
a three-year term.
One UBC board member claims
McGeer is delaying the appointments because the education
minister  is  making  a   thorough
purge of the board to remove any
members who might oppose his
"I think what McGeer is up to is
a removal of people who he thinks
are not sympathetic with his
stanceon education," the member,
who declined to be identified, said
McGeer is looking for "gung-ho
businessmen" who will look at
education on a profit/loss basis, he
"They're looking for people who
fit into the cost-accounting principle in education, technocrat
business people who evaluate
education by artificial standards."
The board member claims
McGeer wants to pick appointees
that will give him considerable
influence at UBC.
"People in Victoria are saying
See page 2: OPEN
be provided by the university out of
the operating budget.
Hermanson said the windfall
money went toward these types of
Student board member Moe
Sihota disagreed with Hermanson
that the university would be
penalized for efficiency in the case
of the windfall.
"A lot of money came from the
AUCE rollback which has nothing
to do with efficiency," he said.
Sihota said the $1.4 million
surplus might be used to upgrade
facilities for the rehabilitation
medicine department and the
school of nursing.
"But given the provincial
government's capital grant was
$20 million, that money is not
necessarily going where I thought
it would go and could well be sitting
See page 2: WINDFALL
Gov't curbs
Canadian University Press
Ottawa will allow provinces to
place further restrictions on international students, federal
manpower and immigration
minister Bud Cullen said Monday.
Cullen told a joint meeting of
provincial education and manpower ministers in Victoria that
some provinces "might want to
suggest that no (foreign) student,
whether they be destined to public
or private institutions, be admitted
to their province without their
express approval."
"I would be quite prepared to
include such provisions in any
immigration agreement with any
province," Cullen said.
He said the Immigration Act and
its regulations, scheduled to
become law April-1, are a good
example of how federal-provincial
collaboration can produce "a
mutually useful result."
Cullen said the new immigration
legislation will require foreign
students to obtain special
authorization before they arrive in
"And once in Canada, they will
not be able to change faculty or
institution without the formal
approval of an immigration officer," Cullen said.
"We hope that this will terminate
the practice of foreign students
shopping around among Canadian
The tighter immigration control
will also allow provinces to plan
enrolments more effectively, he
Cullen also stressed a need to
"keep a close watch" on the
number of foreign teachers being
admitted to Canada because of the
increasing number of unemployed
education graduates.
The number of foreign university
teachers admitted to Canada has
decreased in all provinces during
the last four years, Cullen said.
In 1973, 792 immigrant teachers
were admitted to Canada while last
year only 364 teachers were admitted.
Artsies joyful
There is joy in Buchanan today!
The Arts Undergraduate Society's advertising blitz paid off Wednesday
when 729 arts students voted in favor of a $1 increase in student fees.
With 148 votes opposed out of a total of 878 ballots cast (there was one
spoiled ballot), the AUS received the necessary quorum to approve the
"Gee whiz, I'm really glad that arts students came through in the
crunch," said AUS president Fran Watters.
"So many people worked so hard, and now we will be able to keep the
Arts Perspective, bear gardens, and so much more."
In other electoral news, the results of the board of governors and
senate elections will not be announced until at least late this afternoon.
Polls closed at 4 p.m. Wednesday. Page 2
Thursday, January 19, 1978
—matt king photo
SCOOPING VEGGIES from new SUB cafeteria salad bar is Jane McCarthy, phys ed 2. McCarthy and many
others put up with exorbitant prices for alternative to SUB-standard cafeteria fare. Salads are weighed before
being priced, so get smart and use lighter oil and vinegar dressing.
Af libraries
A recently-implemented library
service will allow UBC students to
buy computer printouts of bibliographies for $5.
The service will enable students
to obtain research topic bibliographies without having to spend
large amounts of time rummaging
through the card catalogues.
The only catch is the printouts
take a week to arrive because they
are sent from centres in California
and Ottawa. And the printouts list
only references to journals and
periodicals, not books.
'Open up
the books'
^Yom page 1
that McGeer is picking people who
will give him a lasting influence,"
he said. And, the member said,
McGeer might still be considering
taking over the UBC presidency in
the near future, making support
from the board highly desirable.
"McGeer might be hoping that
(UBC administration president
Doug) Kenny will resign after five
years (his first term in office)," he
UBC board members contacted
Wednesday said they have not been
informed why the appointments
have not been made yet.
"We haven't heard anything
about the delay," said Ben
"It (the service) is something
we've had for a long time," said
librarian Lee Ann Bryant.
"But we used a different pricing
method and the average cost to the
student would have been about
She said the offer is available
until March 31 at all branches of
the library except Sedgewick.
Bryant said it is particularly useful
to graduate students or to students
doing assignments requiring in-
depth research.
"We would put into the computer
the terms you are interested in,
what they call search terms, and
the computer will give back to you
periodical listings on those subjects," she said.
Each search involves only one
"data base" — subject area — and
the student can only request a
maximum of 50 of the most recent
listings or be charged an extra fee.
"Under the old pricing system
the company that makes available
the data base charges you for the
computer time, and the university
pays for 40 per cent of that cost,"
Bryant said.
"We only have permission to
give the special price until the end
of March, when the new budget will
come up, and after that we don't
know what will happen, though I
expect after that we will go back to
the old system."
"But not all subjects have been
computerized yet," political
science librarian Iza Lapone said.
"That is why it is necessary to
talk to the librarian concerned with
your field of study before you use
the service."
But library staff emphasized the
service is designed to enhance the
existing card catalogue system,
rather than replace it.
The BANK OF MONTREAL will be on
conduct employment interviews.
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— Are management oriented
— Are interested in putting your education and talent to work in a progressive organization
— Are looking for an opportunity for
advancement based, on merit, in a
company offering a wide range of
employee benefits and competitive
starting salaries
— Are mobile throughout B.C.
To sign up for interviews please contact
your Manpower Office on campus for
Windfall will pay for
construction projects
From page 1
in a bank somewhere," said Sihota.
The government has authorized
a construction program for UBC
which will include an $8.9 million
psychology building, a $7 million
expansion of nursing and
rehabilitation medicine facilities
and a $3.58 million home
economics building.
Sihota said the board of governors should open up its books to the
"It's a shame there is so much
public confusion over this alleged
surplus. It demonstrates to me the
need for the university to open its
books to the public and not  be
secretive about its finances," he
"If there is an operating surplus
the money should go into bursaries, an accessibility study to
determine why low-income people
are not getting into university, and
into a program to encourage
women to enter traditionally male-
dominated faculties."
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Association Thursday, January 19, 1978
Page 3
Violence lurks in Poles' future
Violence might erupt in Poland
as the Polish government becomes
less conciliatory to the Soviet
Union, a visiting University of
London professor said Wednesday.
"There are reasons to believe
that the present erosion of conciliatory politics in Poland may
give way to more violent events in
the future," Norman Davies told
more than 75 people in Buchanan.
SRA mulls
from bank
The student representative assembly is currently considering
the inconveniences of its Nov. 23
decision to withdraw Alma Mater
Society money from the Bank of
At the time of the decision, made
because of the bank's involvement
in the racist state of South Africa,
the SRA voted to withdraw as
much money as possible from the
But SUB general manager Bern
Grady has recommended in a
report that the AMS move only its
short-term investments of
operating funds to the Bank of B.C.
and credit unions.
Currently, all AMS banking
services are provided by the Bank
of Montreal at no charge. The
annual cost for daily pickup of
deposits, change, and so on, is $940,
using AMS staff, the report shows.
This fee would jump to $1,981 if
day-to-day banking services were
transferred to the B.C. Teachers'
Credit Union at the Village. Personal risk, costs for transportation,
insurance of AMS staff would be
increased. If needed, an armored
car service would cost $8,788 a
year, says the report.
And if AMS banking services
were transferred to the Bank of
B.C., the use of AMS staff would
cost $9,895 and armored car service would amount to $12,463
This extra money could be used
beneficially in other areas, AMS
president John DeMarco said
Lutheran campus centre
minister Don Johnson agreed,
suggesting the money be used to
promote withdrawal by other investors.
Johnson said he is pleased the
AMS has considered the removal of
funds. In considering costs,
Johnson said, the recommendation
to stay with the Bank of Montreal
for day-to-day services is a good
Johnson originally thought the
AMS would not even "get to first
base" and says it is good the
society even took the first step of
considering withdrawal of funds.
At present, subsidiary AMS
groups use the SUB night
depository service for deposits to
AMS accounts for overnight
safekeeping. If AMS banking
services were transferred to the
teachers' credit union, no night
depository service would be
The only solution for subsidiary
groups would be to deposit money
at the Bank of B.C.
But the groups are not likely to
deposit money late at night off
campus, the report says.
The AMS is looking into the
possibility of installing a night
depository service next to its own
vault on the second floor of SUB.
If the AMS decided to deal with
other banks, new loans would have
to be negotiated at much higher
rates, the report says. No large
loans would-be available, DeMarco
The AMS will make its final
decision on banking services
Davies said the historical Polish
tradition of armed insurrection
could reassert itself if the younger
generation rejects the cautious
atmosphere of post-Second World
War Poland.
"The caution derived from the
trauma of the war shared by the
Communist Party and the Roman
Catholic Church is not shared by
the younger generation in Poland,"
he said.
"Polish youths and even some
adults do not recognize the names
of Hitler and Stalin. They have
switched off the propaganda and it
no longer has any effect."
Davies said the present regime
of Edward Gierek  is a classic
example of another Polish political
tradition — "ugada," the policy of
"In order to exert a measure of
autonomy, Gierek resigns fundamental aspects of political
sovereignty to the Soviet Union,"
he said.
"He makes concessions to
Moscow in order to make leverage
to control the country in the way
they want to.
"In this manner, Poland has
limited domestic autonomy."
But Davies warned replacement
of conciliatory policies with
violence will only result in
widespread destruction for the
Polish nation.
"Everybody in Poland is fully
aware that any encouragement of
political disturbances is inviting
the most terrible retribution.
Everyone would suffer," he said.
Davies said he does not think the
demands of the opposition in
Poland, including those of the
Church, workers and intellectual
dissidents, will result in violent
Their demands are of a limited
nature, and even the 1970 and 1976
riots were exclusively concerned
with material demands, he said.
Those in the opposition also say
the Western press is wrong when it
labels them dissidents, said
Davies. They believe they are loyal
subjects of Poland and are not
Despite the lack of revolutionary
content in the opposition's
demands, Davies said he would not
be surprised if armed insurrection
did occur.
"The old Polish insurrection
movement is not dead. I would not
be surprised if it rose in the future
because not one generation in the
last 300 years has failed to violently
oppose those in power in Poland,"
he said.
DAVIES ... fears violence
Poland has undergone enormous
social changes since 1945, and the
population is now more than 99 per
cent ethnically Polish, while about
98 per cent have been baptized,
according to Davies.
"The Church is especially in a
unique position.
Fewer $$ means
expansion slash
ir»^'o r> —matt king photo
UBC S ANSWER to CN tower rises into the sky as foreman informs
workers they are only 2,000 feet from completion. Sky-high
conversation actually took place on concrete mold which is being used
in construction of new acute care hospital near IRC.
The proposed expansion of UBC
medical student enrolment for 1978
has been cut by more than half, the
dean of medicine told senate
William Webber said the original
goal of 20 additional undergraduate stu ients in the faculty
of medicine has been cut to eight
because of insufficient operating
The provincial government
announced October, 1976 a major
expansion of medical teaching
facilities at UBC and four Vancouver hospitals.
Education minister Pat McGeer
said then that the $50 million
project would boost UBC's medical
school enrolement from 80 to 160
and would provide a 240-bed
teaching hospital.
Webber said the faculty intends
to add 12 more positions to the
school in 1979, boosting enrolment
to 100.
Anthropology professor Cyril
Belshaw said he is concerned about
the speed of expansion.
He stressed the importance of
getting well-trained instructors so
the quality of the faculty would not
Webber said that now is the best
time to expand.
"It is a good time to be in expansion because we are the only
school in Canada to be undergoing
expansion. It is an extremely
opportune time to be recruiting
faculty," he said.
But Webber said "it is an extremely serious problem. Anytime
you expand you run the risk of
compromising quality."
In other business the senate
defeated a motion by student
senator Arnold Hedstrom asking
for a review of the composition of
selection committees  for  deans.
Hedstrom said that in the
faculty of applied science there are
three separate schools but only two
student reps on the committee.
University women 'still face struggle'
Canadian University Press
Despite the increases in enrolment of
women at universities and the efforts of the
women's movement, the day when women
gain equal status with men in Canada's
universities is still a long way off.
According to one woman who's in a position
to know: "it will be a centuries-long battle. It
already has been." She's Jill Vickers —
professor of political science at Carleton
University and past president of the Canadian
Association of University Teachers, . and
author of But Can You Type?, a study of the
status of women in this country's universities.
In a recent interview, Vickers talked about
the changes that have occurred in universities, both for women faculties and students,
her feeling that those changes haven't been
profound or nearly enough, and her conviction that it is possible to achieve much
more change in an incremental way.
She also expressed her uncertainty about
what the current period of economic uncertainty and increasing hard times will
mean for women in universities.
"The universities are not going to be hiring
more women because they're not hiring
anybody. Right now, the crisis is that the
people being let go tend to be women."
She points out that one way universities are
cutting back is by not renewing contracts —
and this practice especially affects women,
who tended to be among the most recently
She adds that how seriously cutbacks will
affect the gains woman have made depends
on attitudes.
"In the 1920s, there were as many women
taking Ph.D.s and teaching as in the 1970s.
Then in the 1930s, they chucked women out of
the universities because men needed jobs.
"The test is, now when we're facing the
same or a similar situation, where you see
hard times and reaction, has there been a
sufficient change of attitudes that we won't let
it happen again?"
Vickers explains that part of her uncertainty about this comes from the fact that
different generations of women have experienced varying degrees of frustration with
the possibilities open to women.
"Women of my generation have really
experienced an alternative — we grew up in
the 1950s. Certainly when I was here (at
Carleton as a student) the whole campus
revolved around the experience of men — and
I didn't even think it was strange.
"When I say I'd rather go to the hills and
fight than see that again, I'm talking about it
in the context of experience. I know what it
was like.
"I don't know about the current generation.
They didn't go through it. They don't
remember it. They might well be less inclined
to think the issues are as important."
But Vickers adds it is unlikely, despite
cutbacks and economic hard times, that the
gains women have made will disappear. She
says society is changing because a new group
of women have made their way into some
positions of influence within it.
"There's going to be increasing frustration.
I think they'll be less inclined to accept
barriers. They remember what it was like."
She says those women are becoming more
aware of barriers, such as difficulty in
gaining promotions and tenure.
"The question is, will institutions give
women a chance to do those other things?"
Vickers says that recent years have
resulted in marginal improvements for
women students.
She points out that some campuses have
day care centres — "inadequate, but at least
day care centres" — in addition to counselling
services which offer better services to
women, and women's centres which didn't
exist a decade ago.
"And I guess we've had some success in
getting rid of pictures of the co-ed draped
around the football player on the covers of
counselling booklets," she says.
But she adds that considerable problems
remain at the student level. She points out
that despite the increasing numbers of
women enrolling at universities, there has
been no breakdown in sexual stereotyping.
"More women are going into law than used
to — but they're not getting places to article.
And lots of women come and go into programs
that don't lead to jobs. You do see some improvement in things like journalism."
She believes the problem is due to attitudes
rather than outright discrimination — long
before many women apply to university they
have been conditioned to seriously consider
only certain programs and courses and to
view others as men's subjects. Page 4
Thursday, January 19, 1978
Make cutbacks public
The $1.4 million unspent
from this year's operating
budget isn't much of a
windfall. When dealing with a
budget as large as UBC's
budget, which is about $175
million annually, one can
almost expect a variation of
about $1 million one way or
the other.
Of course, there is a great
deal of fear around campus
that the Socreds may use this
as an excuse to continue
squeezing UBC's budget. The
fear was so great that many
people in the administration
and in governing bodies who
are normally open were
tight-lipped about the
discovery of this money.
The board of governors
has put the money into
renovations and equipment
purchases which might have
otherwise been delayed for
The fact that this money
was not spent prior to this
time is basically an
unforeseen budgeting
variation, and does not alter
the fact that the Socred
education squeeze has hit all
over campus.
Workers have been laid
off, course sections have
been cut, tenure is tight,
classes are bigger and
renovations and equipment
purchases are left undone. In
effect, our education is being
Doubtless the Socreds are
pleased that UBC has been so
efficient. The fact that the
anti-inflation board made
UBC too efficient to the tune
of $400,000 off the backs of
clerical workers wouldn't
bother the Socreds a bit.
We have now reached a
crucial point in the fight
against education cutbacks.
The next provincial budget
will not come down until
April, when students are
conveniently off campus.
The chances of another
tuition increase next year are
minimal, but the
administration is deeply
concerned over the coming
budget. Administration
president Doug Kenny's
recent speeches are proof of
this concern.
But since tuition is not
going up, students seem little
concerned about cutbacks
when the administration is
asking for their support. A
demonstration this term
would not draw the
thousands that protests a
year ago did.
Therefore, we would like
to offer a piece of advice to
the administration.
Students are not going to
get upset unless they see in
black and white how the
Socreds are cheating them of
a proper education. The tight
budgets of the past two years
have resulted in reduced
services, and another tight
budget will start cutting to
the bone, as Kenny puts it.
But the time has ended for
neat phrases like fiscal
banana peel. It is time to
play tough.
The administration should
draw up a list of what
reductions in UBC services
are directly attributable to
Socred cutbacks. The list
should be made public to
The Ubyssey and to the
commercial media.
Then the hard facts of the
cutbacks will be enunciated
more effectively than in 10
dozen speeches.
That may sound like a
simple thing, but it is not
simple, apparently, to the
administration. Last fall,
outgoing student board rep
Moe Sihota produced a
report on cutbacks for the
student representative
assembly which he released
to The Ubyssey.
Many people inside the
administration were furious,
especially arts dean Robert
Will, and Sihota was raked
over the coals for that action
at the next meeting.
The report upset people
because the competition for
money between departments
was fanned by the
disclosures, and because
some of the cutbacks listed
were in fact normal
If an administration
report on cutbacks is too hot
to release, then that proves
conclusively that deans and
department heads are not
prepared to pull together for
UBC's good.
Release of such a report
would heighten the pressure
on the government, and
make disclosure of a $1.4
million windfall relatively
Candidate unhappy with lack of coverage
I am irate at The Ubyssey's
deliberate lack of coverage of the
faculty senate elections, especially
the graduate studies constituency.
The editors were persuaded to
interview both graduate senate
candidates, recognizing the importance of the election and the
difficulty in publicizing platforms
to the widely-scattered and well-
hidden graduate students around
campus. Both candidates were
assured that the interviews would
appear in Tuesday's issue.
When, lo and behold, the interviews were deleted in order to
run photos of the senate-at-large
candidates, the editors uncomfortably explained that the
decision was not theirs, but came
as a result of a staff vote. It seems
to me that if editors are condemned for the inadequacies of
their newspapers, they should at
least be given the authority to
decide content.
And despite this inexcusable
breach of faith, I am more concerned with the effect that the non-
coverage has on student politics in
general. When students are in
danger of losing their senate and
board of governors representation,
the campus newspaper should be
doing everything in its editorial
power to promote a large voter
What better way to demonstrate
that the students value and respect
their representation? A deliberate
boycott of candidates' platforms
makes rational voting more difficult and promotes a lack of
concern on the part of students.
An      apathetic       electorate
inevitably generates an apathetic
leadership, and this is the insidious
damage   that   may   result.   The
Ubyssey should be roundly condemned for its softheaded attitude.
David Rowat
graduate studies
senator candidate
The staff decided not to run
graduate studies senate candidates
interviews, not because of a
'boycott,' but because we had no
space for the interviews and no
resources on Monday to interview
science   and   commerce   senator
Protesters join bandwagon
JANUARY 19, 1978
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
"It's time for a nasty masthead," snarled Kathy Ford. So everybody
tried to be as nasty as possible. "Ah, goddamn fuckln' phone," spat Chris
Gainor pounding the hapless Instrument with his massive fist. "I'm a
shltstomper," squeaked Tom Hawthorn. "Get out of my way." "Har har,"
growled Terry Glavln, from the depths of the burro where he busily wrote
partial quotes, to the entertainment of Edward Thing, Verne McDonald
and Lloyanne Hurd. Mike Bocking kissed ass on the phone as he attempted
to extract yet another line story from unsuspecting Idiots. BUI Tieleman
wiped green snot from his festering nose. Jeff Rankin puked on Marcus
Gee's knees. Chris Elenlak averted her eyes and fled from the office.
Meanwhile, Heather Conn roamed the office looking for fresh victims to
touch with her clammy, horrible hands. Ed O'Brien blushed prettily as
Matt King and Geof Wheelwright showed Nell McAllister all about the
darkroom ...
Much as I support feminism and
oppose the reactionary element
among UBC engineers, I have
trouble understanding the
necessity of the Lady Godiva
protest. It seems to me that the
protestors missed a couple of
Regardless of whose sister was
on the horse, she was obviously
there of her own free will. It is
regrettable that a woman should
stoop to being a professional sex
object but it is her own business
nonetheless. The racial analogy,
useful in so many feminist
arguments, does not apply here as
no member of a racial minority
would be likely to voluntarily
participate in an insult to her or his
If one wants to protest male
exploitation of the female body, it
makes just as much sense to picket
strip joints or magazine stands
displaying Penthouse. My personal
feeling is that less obvious forms of
sexism than these are more harmful because they are more widely
accepted by society.
Why provide so much publicity
for the engineers? That's why they
did it in the first place. In my
opinion, their hassling of the
Bimini picketers was a more
serious offence, but we are hearing
a lot more about Lady Godiva.
Where are people's priorities?
It amuses me to hear Doug
Kenny and Alma Mater Society
reps coming out with such sympathy for the cause of the
protestors. Anti-sexism is so
fashionable and respectable now.
It's so important to appear to be a
feminist. Recalling attitudes to
feminism a few years back, say in
1971 or 1972, nearly everyone was
laughing at even serious feminist
Is the present acceptance of
feminism the result of raised
consciousness or mere conformity? I'd like to believe that
support of feminist ideals comes
from thinking individuals, not
people who are ready to jump on
any band wagon. I suspect that
many of the Godiva protestors,
unfortunately, fit into the latter
Anne Miles
candidates. Running photos of the
senator-at-iarge candidates, who
all students must vote on, allows
students to identify candidates and
talk to them, and makes the article
more attractive to the reader,
which is a big consideration. Of
course, we regret that it was not
possible to cover the faculty
The Ubyssey is run by the staff,
not the editors. If, as you suggest,
editors were given more control,
The Ubyssey would be subject to
the whims of one or two people, and
more omissions like the one Rowat
complains about would occur. We
believe that UBC should be more
democratic, and we do not wish to
exempt The Ubyssey from this
belief. We believe we have done a
good job in encouraging students to
participate in this week's elections.
A university, according to
Webster's Dictionary, is an
"institute of higher learning."
Having accepted this definition,
one would logically assume that
a university newspaper would
strive to enlighten its readers.
In Jan. 6's paper, Eva
Czaykowski's article Brutal
torture now common does do
just this. It is thought provoking
and requires us to take a stand.
In contrast how frivolous the
description of our university
students' newspaper conference
was: "the first few days were
spent furtively 'feeling out'
other delegates and drunkenly
howling with wine bottles."
Our nation's future
newspaper community is in a
deplorable state if this is the
"cream of campus journalism."
V  ClaireValleej Thursday, January 19, 1978
Page 5
Le Quebec pour les Quebecois!
The premier of Quebec, Rene Levesque,
professes to be leading Quebec out of the repressive Canadian atmosphere into a new,
free and prosperous nationhood. The
economic actions of his government prove to
me that he is either not serious or optimistic
about independence, is expecting divine
intervention, or is a cruel opportunist who
will not be honest with his people.
The favorite cry of many pragmatic
Canadians these days is that Canada will
never be united until economic equality has
been achieved. They point to Quebec's 10.2
per cent unemployment rate (expected to
rise in 1978) and almost zero economic
growth   predictions,   and   say   that   the
Quebecois have every reason to lose faith in
the Canadian federation that has brought
them to this state of affairs.
Levesque is suggesting to Quebecers that
the Canadian federation is dragging the
Quebec economy down, and that independence and the PQ can revive it to its
proper level. The atrocious economic
conditions in many parts of Quebec may
give this argument some credence, and to
many unemployed Quebecois already on the
cultural defensive, it is difficult to see how
things could be any worse under independence and there seems to be a chance
that things might get better.
But consider the unemployment insurance
or welfare cheques that the aforementioned
unemployed Quebecer is living on, or the
family allowance, Canada Pension Plan,
Canade Student Loan and various federal
grants that other Quebecois depend on, to
say nothing of the federal civil servants
living and working in Quebec or the federal-
provincial grants Quebec is given every
Prime minister Pierre Trudeau has made
it abundantly clear that economic
association is not a possibility, and compounded with that, it seems probable that
the rest of Canada will backlash against a
separate Quebec and will be extremely
reluctant to foot any of Quebec's bills
Quebec is a populous and economically
shaky province, and maintaining (let alone
improving) the present economic position of
its residents against inflation is going to
require money.
The Levesque answer to this problem is to
travel to New York and France selling investment in Quebec and to invite in large
multinational corporations (GM is the
recent example). He is obviously aiming to
create a comfortable atmosphere for
foreign capital.
Now when the political-economic uncertainty of today has settled a little (I shall
assume, for this moment, in favor of
separation), foreign investors will not have
forgotten and will indeed invest, probably
quite heavily, in the New Quebec (unless
Levesque is entirely betrayed by his New
York and Paris friends). This will produce
an economic revival, true to PQ predictions.
Factories will be built, new mines
developed, industrial and finance capital
will flow in, and people will have jobs and a
decent standard of living, perhaps better
than in Canada (certainly better than in the
Maritimes, which will undoubtedly suffer
even more economic blows).
But how long will this comparatively rosy
time last? Foreign capital means foreign
interest payments, foreign profits, and most
importantly, foreign control.
Setting aside the obvious point that in
selling out to foreign investors Quebec will
have done the very thing that so many
Canadians deplore about Canada, the fact
remains that Quebec will not be in control of
its own economic destiny, upon which its
other futures directly or indirectly depend.
If foreign owners get tired of labor
disputes (remember the Olympics and
James Bay?), high wages (compared to
Guatemala) and the political difficulties
that accompany the emergence of a new
country, they are not going to have much
compunction about pulling up stakes and
moving out, and in a country the size and
(Canada needs decentralization
To an unfortunate degree, the debate about Canada's future
has been too much a choice between Confederation as it exists
today and a separate Quebec, with little provision for a
revamped Canadian federation.
The national unity battle is focused on the Parti Quebecois'
upcoming referendum, which is also unfortunate. Defeat the
referendum and defeat Levesque, goes the federalist argument,
and the national unity question will die.
Even if Levesque and the PQ are eliminated, the question of a
changed Canada will be merely postponed for only a few years
at best.
The pressure to separate Quebec from Canada is growing
within other political parties within Quebec, most notably the
Quebec Liberal party. That shift within the Liberal ranks was
becoming very apparent prior to the defeat of the Liberal-
government, and has now been stopped while the party wrestles
with the PQ government.
But should the liberals or some other party displace the PQ,
one can expect them to press for more and more provincial
rights, possibly to the point of the PQ's still ambiguous
sovereignty-association proposal.
Other regions such as the Maritimes and the West are moving
in the same direction Quebec has, although their arguments are
purely economic as opposed to Quebec's cultural aspirations.
Put simply, these regions will demand more power over their
own economies.
The West, the Maritimes and Quebec are unhappy with the
economic control exercised from within Ontario and with the
growing power of the federal government.
The West was annexed by Canada to provide a resource base
and market for the industrial areas of southern Ontario.
Western Canada has largely been an area for primary industry,
while all industrial plums land within the Golden Triangle.
The federal government's strongarming of Alberta over oil
development, its location of the large Petrosar petrochemical
plant in Sarnia, Ont., and the resulting 'let the eastern bastards
freeze in the dark' campaign illustrates well the growing bitterness in western Canada against the Toronto-Ottawa axis.
Ihe Supreme Court's recent decision against Saskatchewan's
oil royalties is the latest step in the escalating battle between the
federal government and the outlying regions.
Since Confederation, the history of the Maritimes has been
one industry after another being bought out and moving to
Toronto. The Maritimes were economically prosperous before
Confederation, but since then, Ontario interests aided by the
federal government have crippled the economy.
Many Maritimers are coming to believe that being separated
from the rest of Canada by a separate Quebec is not unthinkable, but may be in fact beneficial. At least until the next
Bricklin comes along and does a hard-sell job on a gullible
provincial government.
A similar process has occurred in Quebec. But there, resent'
ment against out-of-province control has grown faster than
elsewhere because of linguistic and cultural differences being
The aforementioned Supreme Court decision is the latest in a
long history of deals and court decisions putting more power in
Ottawa. This trend will hasten Canada's breakup.
The federal government must think of Ontario first because of
its large population and also because federal elections are
decided all too often in the Golden Triangle.
The push for unity is strongest in that area of course, and the
loudest arguments against a new federation come from the
same area. That is occurring because this area has reaped the
benefits from Confederation.
What is needed is a decentralized federation. The process of
giving provinces more power will involve some hard
bargaining, but it will avoid the otherwise inevitable balkanization of Canada.
Then the difficult part begins — getting the barons of Bay
Street to follow suit. I may have suggested that people who live
in Ontario are bad, but in fact it is the directors of the large
corporations who are responsible for economic concentration in
southern Ontario.
To get the corporate barons to act in a responsible manner
may be a bigger challenge than readjusting federal-provincial
relations. But then, that brings us to some very fundamental
economic questions which unfortunately have been shelved in
the unity debate. It is high time these economic questions were
newness of Quebec, 3,000 suddenly unemployed people and all the economic and
political repercussions that develop could
create disaster.
Even if these companies do not actually
pull out, their influence will be felt.
If Quebec has been made dependent on
these foreign investors, it will not interfere
with the monetary drain for fear of completely devastating its economy (this is
much the same situation that Canada finds
itself in today).
If Levesque supposes that these investors
will be the slightest bit more sympathetic or
"good" than the old Upper Canada set, he is
frightfully naive. They are quite used to
buying out, building, and ruining new or
weak countries, and Quebec will be no
So, Quebec needs money to assure its
national and cultural integrity and to
maintain its citizens at an acceptable
standard of living. Where is that money to
come from? First, from nationalization of
resources, second, from government control
of major industry.
Quebec must nationalize its resources and
resource industries, and do so as soon as
possible. It has made moves to take over a
large section of the asbestos industry, and it
has the James Bay electricity project. But
such moves are small scale, though helpful.
Quebec needs the profits from all its
resources, and it needs the control over the
development of those resources.
Quebec cannot afford that monetary drain
of interests and profits, and cannot afford to
develop its resources without some planning
and social considerations (I am thinking of
abolition of the "company town" or area).
Resources will run out, and Quebec needs
the present profits to support its population
and to rechannel into new industries, ensuring future economic stability and
prosperity. Conventional secondary industries (such as GM's bus factory) are
required, and Quebec could well become an
economic leader if it could invest in some
innovative or unusual industries.
Many people equate state control with
mismanagement. But this need not be the
case; civil servants are actually not
genetically inferior to private entrepreneurs. The PQ could be grooming and attracting bright young executives and older
experienced businessmen to its cause.
Mackenzie King did much ihe same thing
during the Second World War, building up a
fine civil service by appealing to patriotism.
Of course private investors will be scared
out of the country, although Levesque
should welcome small- and medium-sized
concerns as warmly as possible.
Economic times may be rather rough for
a few years. But if Levesque is honest with
the Quebecois and explains the sacrifices
that must be made and the profits that could
be achieved, the new nationalism of a
separate Quebec will carry them through.
Is this exploiting nationalism? Yes. But
Levesque is exploiting nationalism
shamelessly now, pulling out all the stops to
get his province to separate. If he exploits
nationalism to win his province and does not
bother to use nationalism to build and
maintain his country, he is guilty of an
unforgiveable crime of betrayal.
Drastic measures? Certainly. But isn't the
secession of a province and the formation of
a new country a drastic historic event? The
province of Quebec has extraordinary
human and natural resources, and I feel as
an expatriate Montrealer that it would be an
immense tragedy to misuse and betray
If Quebec fails as a country because of
Levesque's dishonest shortsightedness, a
great national and human tragedy will have
taken place. Even if Quebec does not vote to
separate now, the measures just advocated
will make Quebec and Canada stronger and
more self-sufficient.
It is unwise to consider the situation in the
short term, both if Quebec secedes and if it
does not, for Trudeau is thoroughly wrong
when he states that failure to separate will
mean the death of separatism in Quebec.
Quebec must seize this opportunity to take
control of its future, its future both as a
province and as a country, and utilize its
many resources for its own benefit.
Perhaps the example of Quebec will lead
other provinces and countries to take their
futures into their own hands.
Gwynneth Jones is a first-year arts
student. Perspectives is open to all members of the UBC community; student, staff
and faculty. Page 6
Thursday, January 19, 1978
School offers
law course
The laws affecting mental
patients will be explained in a
three-evening course Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesday from
7:30-9:30 p.m.
The director of Riverview
hospital and two lawyers will
discuss mental diseases and
hospital treatment, admissions
and     discharges     from     mental
Hot flashes
hospitals, the Patients' Estates Act
and criminal detentions.
The course, sponsored by the
Vancouver People's Law School,
is free but you must preregister by
telephoning 734-1126.
Confused   about   student   loan
procedures?Want to know what
bursaries    and   scholarships   you
might qualify for?
Well, awards officer staffer
David Crawford will be at
Speakeasy, in SUB, every
Thursday starting today for the
rest of the term.
If you have questions about
anything connected with the
awards' office and getting money
to finance your education drop in
to Speakeasy on the main
concourse between 1  and 2 p.m.
You might find that you don't
have to drop out of school after
'Tween classes
Architecture retrospective, 11 a.m.
to 3 p.m. until Friday, SUB art
Film Martin Luther, 7:30 p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre lounge.
Discussion: Ethics of Sex with Minors, noon, SUB 211.
Sign-up    for   ski   trip   and   deposit,
SUB 216A.
Information and recruitment session
with      national     recruiters,     noon,
McML 166.
General meeting, 12:45 p.m.,   SUB
Information and recruitment session
with  national  recruiters,  7:30 p.m.,
International   House   upper   lounge.
Cutbacks    committee,    noon,    SUB
David    Adeney    speaks    on    China
Yesterday   and Today,   11:30  p.m.,
Angus 110.
General meeting with
representatives    of    Al    Vancouver,
noon, SUB 212A.
Lesbian-feminist  workshop,   7 p.m.,
SUB 130.
Women's   drop-In,   noon,   SUB   130.
Veterinary medicine films from
Western College, noon, McML
Club meeting, noon, Buto 910.
Conference on equality of
educational opportunity, 1 to 9:30
p.m., Scarfe.
Chile: The Meaning of the Coup,
speaker Gary Crlstall, noon, SUB
Roy Stokes on the Art of Public
Speaking, noon, Bu. 202.
Clarke Blaise and Bharatl Mukherjee
read from their work and discuss
their views of India and Canada,
noon, Bu. 203.
Your Complete
Optical Store
Folk     night,      8     p.m.,     Graduate
Student Centre garden room.
Women's   drop-In,  noon,  SUB  130.
Informal   discussion   on   the   Baha'i
faith, noon, SUB 115.
Wine and cheese party, 4 to 6 p.m.,
RUS lounge.
BUI  Brewer speaks  on  the  B.C. Tel
lockout, 8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
Movie  on  Grouse  meet, noon, SUB
205 or 215.
Law students Invited to grad centre
beer garden, 3:30 p.m. to 6:30
p.m., Graduate Student Centre
Ski a Seymour, diner et disco apres,
dlmanche, La Malson
Chinese painting class, 5:30 p.m.,
SUB 125.
Game against the top-ranked
University of Alberta Golden Bears,
7:30 p.m. Friday and Saturday,
Thunderbird arena.
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Scientific Programmable
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Special Sale Price *125 °°
See us for all your calculator needs.
ubc bookstore
L   („
Candia Taverna
FAST FREE DELIVERY - 4510 W. 10th Ave.
Henneken Auto
Service-Repairs-Used Cars
C914 Oak St. (Oak £: Mcrine) 2G3^C121
speak and answer questions
- 12:30 noon - SUB AUD.
We can improve
your test score:
Recent statistics indicate that an average improvement of
75-100 points results from conscientious preparation. We
specialize in training students for the LSAT with our 200
page copyrighted curriculum and seminar-sized weekend
classes (max. 25 students). Registrations are now being
accepted for our final course during the 1977-78 academic
year.       Why not give us a call?
Law Board Review Centre
800 663 3381
Guarantee: Repeat course at our expense if you are
not satisfied with your LSAT score.
RATES:   Campus - 3 tines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Off ice. Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1WS
> ;    Bowling and
Pizza Nite
44 P°%r^
in S.U.B. Games Room
Sign up at Co-Rec Office in the War Memorial Gym.
$1.00 entry fee covers cost of lanes and pizza. Shoes are
participants responsibility.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
RACQUET SALE — Wide choice for
squash, badminton, racquetball and
tennis, at exceptional prices. Reasonable rates for stringing. Phone 733-
1612 or visit Community Sports at
3316 West 4th Ave.
11 — For Sale — Private
VECBON   TRIPOD   for   sale,   $40.00.   224-
20 — Housing
FREE ROOM AND BOARD to responsible, mature young man, undergrad or
grad student, in return for occasional
light duties caring for boys in boarding residence. Please phone 224-1304,
8:30  a.m.  to 4:30 p.m.
STUDENT TO SHARE deluxe two bedroom apartment with one other. 22nd
floor, sauna, pool, games room. Rent
S170/mo., Burnaby. Phone Roger, 437-
3628   after  5:00   p.m.
FREE — Large bright upstairs sleeping
room for responsible studious student,
male preferred, vicinity 25th and
Granville. No cooking. Phone 224-6090.
35 - Lost
FINE 10K GOLD linked necklace. Sentimental value. Karen, 221-6323.
65 — Scandals
voor regelmatig borrel avonden bijv
vrijdag bel 731-2367 voor inlichtingen.
"MARATHON MAN" ..presented this
weekend by Subfilms is not for those
with isfaort  breath.
85 — Typing
CAMPUS DROP OFF point for typing
service. Standard rates. Call Liz, after
6:00 p.m., 732-3690.
FAST, ACCURATE typist will do typing
at home. Standard rates. Please phone
anytime, 263-0286.
TYPING essays, thesis from legible
cop;.'. Fast efficient service. English,
French, Spanish. 324-9414.
TYPING — 75c per page. Fast and accurate by experienced typist. Gordon,
preferred for Europe, June-July.
Please submit travel plans and references to Box 80, Ubyssey, Rm. 241
Feetwarmers is ljokmg for a bassist
interested in and familiar with jazz
styles of the 3C's and 4Ts. Call Rod,
221-0993 or  Brian,   874-2872.
"GOVERNMENT    FINANCE"    by   J      F.
Due,   3rd   edition  1983.   Call  Vic,  261-
4922 evenings.
3[=lr=Jr=Jr=Jr=lr=in=ir==J.E Thursday, January 19, 1978
Page 7
Commerce midweek exams drive students marks-crazy
I would like to reflect upon the
nature of the faculty of commerce
and business administration. I
believe that the exterior of this
faculty belies its true nature.
We have a wonderful new
building filled with reclining swivel
chairs, amphitheatre-like lecture
rooms and two tastefully furnished common lounges on each
floor. However, the mentality of
the faculty and students does not
warrant these plus surroundings.
There is something rotten within
this building.
Essentially, we have a marks-
crazy faculty. In commerce, midterm no longer applies to a major
mid-semester examination, but to
In response to Joseph Roberts'
perspective on the disposal of
highly radioactive nuclear waste
(Jan. 13), I ask: does Roberts
suggest that the waste not be
permanently disposed of?
Roberts sarcastically remarks
that the Canadian government
"could select some naive locality
to unload their crap." Yet it is
clear that the "crap" must be
unloaded somewhere.
The issue of whether we wanted
in the first place the nuclear industry which produces these
wastes is completely irrelevant.
The waste exists, it must be
disposed of, and we accomplish
nothing by wringing our hands and
muttering about how ugly the crap
I applaud the Canadian government's invitation of briefs from the
public concerning the
management of nuclear wastes.
What is ridiculous, as pointed out
by Roberts, is that the deadline for
submission of briefs is only 14 days
after the first public notice was
Time is indeed running out. What
is urgently required is rational
discussion of how best to dispose of
this waste; that the waste must
and will be disposed of is beyond
Time is of the essence, but at this
late stage do we have time for
Roberts' emotional frothing at the
Alan Carruthers
graduate studies
4857 Kingsway, Burnaby
Official U.B.C.
Graduation Portrait
Photographers Since 1969
Anuiyrayh   ^tuftuis tCtfi.
3343 West Broadway
P    MOVING f. storage LTH.
Big or Small Jobs
ridiculous mid-weekly common
These common examinations are
supposedly designed to equalize
instructor variation. Basically,
they imply that instructors'
judgments are inaccurate and
cannot be trusted. Other faculties
are not so attuned toward their
teaching staff, and thus do not
subject their students to these
absurd lunch-hour examinations.
In addition, common
examinations create immense
scheduling problems. Lunch hours,
Thursday in particular, are arbitrarily designated for these
examinations. This practice not
only    contravenes    university
regulations, but also demonstrates
a lack of consideration for
students. Christmas and Easter
examinations are specifically
tailored to account for inter-
instructor variation and
scheduling difficulties. These are
intended to be the only common
examinations   of    the year.
The normal distribution plays a
crucial role in the faculty of
commerce. Instructors have to be
well versed in statistical normalizing techniques, as 15 per cent of the
students must fail.
An excellent example of this
practice is last October's
marketing (commerce 261) midterm examination, where papers
were remarked because the
original marks were too high. One
paper dropped from a first-class
mark to approximately 30 per cent.
It appears, then, that the faculty is
disdainful of true student
capabilities and is simply interested in spewing out normalized
graduation statistics.
Commerce students are an interesting phenomenon. They sport
fluorescent blue sweaters, Sam-
sonite executive-style briefcases,
and have a terrific short-term
memorizing ability. Some have
never had to attempt the intellectual rigors of signing out and
reading a library book for a
commerce  course.   But   on   the
whole, commerce students are
excellent at writing definition-
based examinations, and will
meekly accept faculty abuse in
order to secure a reasonable mark.
The faculty of commerce and
business administration is not an
institute for higher education.
Commerce does not deserve to
be on a university campus, and
should be relegated to the mickey-
mouse atmosphere of a community
or technical college. Let us, as
students, reverse this sinking trend
and take actions to effect a more
education- rather than marks-
oriented faculty.
Ravi R. Hira
commerce 2
Again in 1978, the B.C. Ministry of Labour is initiating a
program designed to create as many summer job opportunities as possible, for B.C. students and unemployed
youth. We will co-ordinate job openings in many other
government ministries and help private businesses, farms,
and non-profit organizations pay the wages for extra summer staff.
In the Provincial Government, many ministries such as
Forestry, Recreation and Conservation, and Consumer and
Corporate Affairs open up many interesting and remunerative summer jobs. By filling out one of our computerized
application forms now, you will be considered for a job
that closely matches your interests and abilities. Details
and application forms are available at:
Office of Student Service,
Ponderosa Annex "F"
January 16 to 27,1978
*\    Province of
[^ij^J    British Columbia     Ministry of Labou^ Page 8
Thursday, January 19, 1978
1957 to 1978
the Fraser Arms is having its annual
birthday bash so come on
down & help us celebrate
Tuesday, January 24th


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