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The Ubyssey Apr 2, 1982

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Indian art           _pl9                       Sports wrap up  _p n
Little Mac attacked     ,                        Dinner with Andre     ,
-p. 3                                                                               -p. 14
Year in review     _p 7                        ClTR splashes in _p31
^ Vol. LXIV. No. 66                       Vancouver, B.C. Friday, April 2,1982                **^f^M-»                25
^2301 7 Page 2
Friday, April 2, 1982
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Free Samples !
The best way to show you the advantages
of Sony's new UCX-S cassette recording tape
is to let you hear it for yourself, so we'll give
every adult a FREE* sample - just for coming
down on Saturday, March 27th to Millers,
where we'll let you see and hear the difference
- we'll even compare it to any tape you care
to bring with you!
Why is UCX-S so significantly superior? Smaller
denser particles and a new binding process give
you: less noise, improved sensitivity, increased
frequency response, and a much wider dynamic
You'll Hear The Difference
855 WEST BROADWAY     872-8137
Pay us a visit this Saturday, (10-5) for a test
listen, a FREE* sample, and some great buys
on three of our favourite Sony cassette decks.
(A) Sony TC-K61 features feather touch, full
logic Solenoid controls, Sendust and Ferrite head, peak program meters and much
more. $329.95
(B) Sony TC-FX5C - superlative in performance - featuring Dolby C noise reduction, feather touch controls, and 16 segment
L.E.D. peak program meters. $399.95
(C) Sony TC-K77R - auto reverse for hours
of listening pleasure-also features longlife
Sendust and Ferrite head, 2 - motor drive
system, and more. $499.95
Saturday, April 3rd Sony reps will be on
hand at Millers, 855 West Broadway to conduct tape evaluation seminars, Drop by for
in-depth  information and your free* sample.
*Free samples, one per adult, are restricted
to adults 18 years of age and older.
OMmiimwf «iu
IMtilMtifttfHMX WKt Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 3
White-knuckled MacGuigan
balks, fades, ducks,
Mark MacGuigan's knuckles are
turning white. Slowly he grips the
podium, surely understanding why
he is the only elected Liberal currently standing anywhere west of
Winnipeg's city limits.
The crowd has crammed into
Robson Square's media centre to
hear the external affairs minister
speak on Canada's nuclear policy.
But they aren't listening.
MacGuigan drones on about
Canada's unique special ambassador for disarmament, about
the committee which will soon
report to the government; staring,
fixing his stare away, away from the
left side of the room where attention is quickly draining. The left
wall divider has opened up, and the
nun, with death's head, black work
boots and a sign — No Aid to Nun-
Killers — stands pointing at
MacGuigan, a couple of punks in
fatigues at attention beside.
The crowd is going bananas. The
cheering builds, more people
squeeze into the room and now
there's 500 and the chant rises:
"The people, united, will never
be defeated." First, the last 50 arrivals and then the whole room explodes, everybody except some of
the older, straighter folks, the ultra
clean anti-nukers, join the chant. A
couple of folks screaming, "shad-
dup.    SHADDUP!"    The   chair
pounding the gavel uselessly against
formica. A new cry: "Mark
MacGuigan, you can't hide. We
charge you with genocide."
It was only the climax of a
meeting where MacGuigan's
credibility began a downwad slide
from his opening words about
Canada's policy in El Salvador.
He'd lost the ball. The crowd had it
now. He canned his speech and
turned the floor to questions.
"Ladies and gentlemen, I'm
always, as a member of the United
Nations Association, pleased to
participate in its events across
Canada . . . There are some people
outside who were equally interested
in the question of El Salvador. I
would be very pleased to discuss
that subject too if there are those inside who are interested." (capping
from the audience.)
"1 see the slogan: Let El Salvador
be El Salvador. That has b;en the
essence of our policy from the
beginning." He was doomed.
Hisses steamed from the clean folks
in the padded seats. "Lia," someone screamed.
"However, since my invitation
from you was to speak on the subject of disarmament I propose to
direct my remarks to that subject . . ."
MacGuigan's voice is nasal, his
defense of his government's defence
policy wooden and expressionless as
he justifies cruise missile testing on
Canadian soil, our "small
stockpile" of nuclear arms, the consistent three per cent annual real increase in the military budget, and
their apparent contradiction with
Trudeau's four point plan to suffocate  the  arms  race.   Ths  $500,
Spitting images
focus CBC trial
No charges were laid, but the trial
went ahead under television
cameras and reporters' pens.
Although it operates under the
guise of "objectivity," the commercial media's treatment of MacGuigan's reception in Vancouver
was anything but objective.
Misinformation, distortion and
sensationalism characterized much
of the coverage. And, although not
totally the media's fault, the spitting and kicking incident completely overshadowed what happened
earlier in the day at the El Salvador
rally and march and MacGuigan's
speech inside the Media centre at
Robson Square.
But perhaps the most irresponsible and potentially dangerous
reporting technique was used by the
CBC local news Monday night.
The CBC froze frames from films
showing people around
MacGuigan's limousine, and focused on several people. They then
showed a frame from their film of
the welfare demonstration at the
Social Credit convention in
November, and focused on several
people in that crowd. "A look at
some increasingly familiar faces
around Vancouver," was the voice
Their intention, a CBC
spokesperson said later, was to
show that the same people consistently disrupt demonstrations.
"We're following up what's been
a common police statemert, one
that I've heard the past 20 years,
that the same people who dj these
things (disrupt demonstrations) are
at the same rallies," CBC producer
Brian McKeown said Tuesday.
Asked if he thought CBC was
conducting a "trial by TV" that
was unfair to the people shown in
their film stills of the demonstration, McKeown said, "I don't think
so. They weren't being accused of
any crime. We didn't say all the
people in the frame (were involved
in disrupting other demonstrations). The script was quite
The CBC reporter who prepared
Monday's report said he could not
make a value judgement on it. "I
look upon the job I do as the job of
a journalist. I don't get into a
critical role of what the media is doing or not doing," said Jerry Mcintosh Tuesday.
Both McKeown and Mcintosh
felt CBC's initial coverage on
Saturday night was slightly sensationalized. "We're as guilty as the
rest of the press for going for the
sensationalist part. I wish we had
more of what happened in the
building (at MacGuigan's speech),"
said McKeowan.
Mcintosh said any sensationalism
was "partly the fault of the media
and partly the fault of those involved."
But Ian Mulgrew, the Toronto
Globe and Mail bureau chief who
covered the event, did not consider
MacGUIGAN . . . blanched
billion spent each year on arms,
compared to $30 billion on world
aid is indeed a scandal, "but disarmament is not the place to begin
discussing the problem. Disarmament, arms control, is a secondary,
dependent thing. It depends upon
the more fundamental notion of
security ..."
Security is the operative word for
countries currently stockpiling
arms, says MacGuigan. "We have
to create these feelings of security.
We have to bring all the countries
together to be willing to take up
arms reductions voluntarily. He
praises the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization alliance, "aimed at
keeping the peace in Europe, and
the nuclear deterrent which has indeed helped to keep the world at
peace ..." nononono the murmur
rises in the crowd, "since the Second World War."
In keeping with the 'two track
policy' of pressing for disarmament
while modernizing nuclear
weapons, he continues, "we have
agreed, in principle, to flight test
unarmed, dummy cruise missiles in
The missiles, he explains, are not
part of the current American policy
of 're-arming'; he speaks that word
with apparent distaste.
"Well, thank God," says a spectator.
"It is part . . of . ."
"Ya really had me worried there
for a while." Guffaws ir the crowd.
MacGuigan: "These are not first
strike missiles," "Yes they are."
"These are part of the . . ." "Yes"
"Of the defensive deterrents of
NATO." An angry roar builds
before him. "Please ... let me
describe the kind of testing that will
occur."The cruise missile test will
take place under joint Canadian
and American controls in northern
Alberta. "And the reason for
choosing Canada is that we can provide a 30 mile wide corridor for
greater safety." Laughter. "If, uh,
the missiles fly about the speed of
an airplane they will be accompanied by an airplane and if there is
any problem with the missile they
can be killed in flight by the accompanying planes ... so there is no
reason for any kind of concern by
the people of Canada." More
They're not buying MacGuigan's
story. And his timing couldn't be
worse. "Canada's the fifth leading
exporter of arms," shouts a
heckler. The minister stumbles:
"Canada has been one of the
leading countries in the world in
pushing," he clips the last word
short, "disarmament."
The crowd laughs. "No one
believes you."
The questions begin. A woman
apologizes for the nastitiess of the
crowd and asks for rerouting of
weapons funding to fulfilling
human needs.
Another      woman      denies
Trudeau's statement that the Soviet
Union has done more to rearm than
the U.S.: The U.S. was the first to
create the atom bomb, the
hydrogen bomb, the nuclear bomb,
the neutron bomb and a range of
missiles. "And use them," shouts a
"This in the name of peace,
MacGuigan," a woman yells
"sucks." A Comox Valley man
asks for an independent foreign
policy, for withdrawal from NATO
and NORAD, anc for Canada to
take a decisive pea:e making role.
"One final thing, and there's no
ifs, ands or buts about this one, the
cruise missile isn't coming into
Canada and if we don't stop it here
we're going to stop it in the
The questions and comments
continue; the doctor, the ordinary
citizen, the local politician. Each
asks MacGuigan to rethink the
government's policy, to rethink the
country's commitment to NATO,
to resign. Each receives a regurgitation of current policy.
MacGuigan now denies responsibility for Canadian foreign policy,
denies the cruise was ever called a
defensive weapon, and denies the
crowd represents "the majority of
the people in this country."
"1 had come to listen to you. I
have put the time at your disposal.
You have chosen to use it in other
ways. I am pleased to be here and
to hear your views. I don't think
they represent the views of the
Canadian public as a whole."
Preparing to exit, the crowd protests. He hasn't answered a single
question on El Salvador. He peels
out a side exit and a small pack of
demonstrators and journalists
stream out another, and meet him
and his aides on the stairs to his
Cadillac. These people are angry. A
woman screams. "Resign, resign,
you are murdering the people with
your lies." There's scuffling, spit,
crumpling metal and the car spins
any of the coverage to be sensationalized "No, I don't think it's
sensationalized. You'd be hard
pressed to call it that," he said
The first five paragraphs in
Mulgrew's story in Monday's Globe
were concerned with the spitting incident and with the lack of police
protection for MacGuigan.
"They should have had police
outside. He (MacGuigan) came
within a hair's breadth of being
physically abused. If there had been
police there, you would have seen
heads broken" Mulgrew said.
Mulgrew criticized The Vancouver Sun's coverage of the incident. "The Sun wasn't even there.
They relied on wire reports and butchered the rest of it," he said.
But Sun assistant city editor
Doug Sagi said Tuesday the paper
assigned a reporter to the event. He
would not comment any further.
FLOCK . . . make habit of hassling
The Sun's Monday story, without
a by-line, was also concerned
primarily with the spitting incident.
The lead paragraph said "about 70
demonstrators . . . disrupted the
speech . . . forcing the minister to
flee the meeting."
The next eight paragraphs dealt
with the spitting inciden:, and the
rest of the story only briefly mentioned the El Salvador rally.
The Vancouver Province's Sunday article by Jon Ferry also mentioned the spitting incident, but had
more information about
MacGuigan's speech and the
crowd's reaction to it. However,
there was once again barely any
mention of the El Salvador rally.
Finally, BCTV's Saturday
newscast said only 500 people attended the El Salvador rally there
were actually 1,300) and that
"spikey-haired youths"  disrupted
the MacGuigan speech. BCTV also
gave substantially more coverage to
the Toronto El Salvador rally the
same day.
The commercial media's reporting of the MacGuigan incident is
not the first time they have provided inadequate coverage of such
demonstrations of rallies.
If the commercial media covers
them at all, the coverage has frequently been one-sided, unfactual
or has ommitted important information or background (last fall's
South Memorial park fight between
the B.C. Organization to fight
Racism and a Marxist-Leninist
front group is one glaring example).
The reporters, editors or producers at various commercial media
outlets either do not know how to
report on political rallies or
demonstrations — or they don't
want to. Page 4
Friday, April 2, 1982
It was five o'clock on a winter's morning in Syria and it was freezingly cold — too cotd to be
seeing anyone off on the tiny train grandly called the Taurus Express, no matter how extravagant the eyebrows. But Lieutenant Evan Mclntyre performed his job bravely, resplendent in
his uniform, attempting to converse with a man muffled up to the ears, of whom nothing was
visible but a pink-tipped nose and the two points of upward-curied eyebrows.
Mclntyre didn't know what it was about, but his regiment, the Fifth Argyles, had changed
dramatically in the past week — mysteriously due to the stranger's presence. The General's
— Gen. Mike McLoughlin's — temper had grown worse and worse, and then came this Belgian stranger, bringing a week of curious tensity. And then certain things had happened.
Donald Maclntyre, Kevin McGee and Steve McClure committed suicide, Nancy McRitchie,
Stu Morris, Peter Grant, John McPhee, Steve Morris and Don MacDonald suddenly resigned, anxious faces like Bruce Fairtey's, Heather Conn's and David Fraser suddenly lost
their anxiety, and certain military precautions had been relaxed. And the General, Lieutenant
Mclntyre's own General, had suddenly looked 10 years younger.
A snippet of overheard conversation floated into his head: "You have saved us, c4d boy,"
the General told the stranger, who answered to the name Hyphen Poirot, even though his real
name waa Mark Leiren-Young. "You have saved the honor of Her Majesty's army. . . how
can I thank you for coming so far?" A fitting reply was made, but the Lieutenant was still in
the dark. (So were Carta Pavan, Allen Stevens, Kurt Preinspurger and Lucie Pelletier, since
they are not in this melodrama.)
Poirot boarded the train, which was due to arrive in Stamboul the fotlowing evening. He intended to stay in the city a few days and visit La Sainte Sophie and other sights, while
avoiding Geof Wheelwright, the notorious Wong clan of Chris, Mina and Joe, Craig Yuill and
Eve Wigod.
Aa the tiny train prepared to pull out of Aleppo, freezing wind and all, Muriel Draaisma
pushed aside the blinds in her sleeping car apartment and looked out. She had had little sleep
since she left Baghdad on the preceding Thursday (it was now Sunday); her friends Scott
Ranson, Joan B. Stuchner, Lawrence Panych and Kerry Regier had thrown a wild party and
Steve Rive got arrested as a result. Neither in the train to Kirkuk nor in the rest house at Mosul
nor last night on the train had she slept properly. She saw the wagon lit conductor, Eric Eggertson, wander disconsolately up the platform, pick up Poirot's luggage and heave it on the
And then the train jerked out of the station, and it was time to sleep again. Only the other
passenger, Col. Brian Jonea, lay awake fitfully, remembering his trip from India and the
friends out of his past — friends like Miriam Sobrino, Jennifer Ryan and Martin Strong who
he should never see again.
The next morning. Hyphen arrived in the dining car late, as he had but slept a few hours.
He saw Muriel, who impressed him as the kind of young woman who could take care of
herself with perfect ease wherever she went — efficient, sleek, the governess type, which in
fact she was. She did not chat much with the colonel, revealed in the light as tall, lean of
figure, brown of skin and slightly grizzled. They acted as strangers.
Yet but a few hours later, M. Hyphen came across them quietly in a corridor, and carried
away a different impression. "It's so beautiful, I wish — I wish — I wish I could enjoy it," she
murmured to the Colonel unhappily. "I wish to heaven you were out of ail this," he replied
through clenched jaw. "Muriel. . ." She interrupted him. "Not now. Not now. When it's all
over. When it's behind us — then —"
Poirot scarcely recognized the cool, efficient voice of Miss Draaisma. He would remember
this later.
During the crossing of the Bosphorus, both the other passengers became very anxious
about the possibility of missing their train, the Simplon Orient Express. Poirot was merely seasick, heartily wishing Miriam Sobrino, Jennifer Ryan, Martin Strong, Mary Price or Neil
Parker were there taking his place.
Upon arriving at his hotel, the Tokatlian, Hyphen immediately waxed his eyebrows, preening them to their regular magnificent curt. As he passed through the lobby to register at the
desk, he saw several familiar facea through aspidistras — Rosemary Oliver, Matt Adamson,
Kelly Burke and Hope Crawley — faces too engrossed with their opium deal to see Poirot.
The hotel clerk, with a badge which read Tom Hawthorn, East Shit and Die, presented Poirot
with a telegram, much to his surprise. It read: "Development you predicted in Kassner case
has come unexpectedly. Please return immediately.
"Tchaahhl" exclaimed Poirot, much the same noise as a cat sneezing. It was unexpected,
this. Why Kassner? None of his cases back in England were due to become active, except
possibly L'Affaire Red, with Rob Lazenby, Mike Day, Lance Balcom and Rob Chipman under
police surveillance.
Suddenly a familiar voice sounded behind him. "Ah, mon vieux, but this is an unexpected
pleasure," said M. Bill Tieleman, a director of the Compagnie Internationale de Wagons Lits
whose acquaintance with the former star of the Belgian police force dated back many years.
A quick explanation followed, and Tieleman promised to arrange Poirot's passage to London
on the Orient Express, since it was the fastest method back to England.
But the erstwhile director had problems — the Stamboul Calais coach was full, an unheard
of event for that time of year. And it wasn't even a pack of journalists — people like Bruce
Campbell, Randy Frank, Peter Grant, Emmanuel Cook, or Ross Burnett — taking over. Finally, he discovered that one of the passengers, Sylvia Berryman, had not turned up, so he gave
Poirot her berth.
While Poirot waited in the hotel lobby for the return of his friend, he saw two Americans
who struck him as unusual. One, Craig Brooks, was obviously a secretary to the other, and
yet in some ways his size reminded the detective more of a bodyguard. The other, Scott McDonald, looked like a prosperous preppie, but there was a strange flash in his eyes — like a
tiger in a cage, or of sheer evil. He looked like he wanted to call Poirot over and offer him an
assignment, but the detective was spared by the return of his friend Tieleman. Together they
journed to the station, passing poor beggars in the street like Brian DeGross, Gary Brookfield,
Mike Battle and Kathy Collins, before arriving at the station.
Tieleman, as a director of the line, was in No. 1. Poirot shared a second class berth with
none other than Brooks, who looked nonplussed to see him there, but gave in with good
grace quickly. Eggertson put Poirot's luggage up on the rack, a surprising move, and wished
both gentlemen a good night before leaving. From his room the detective heard the other
passengers board, then quickly the train left the station.
Nothing can match the mystery of the Orient Express. Countless thousands of people have
travelled in it, yet have left no mark of their passage save a glossier patina on the furniture, a
deeper hollow in the seats and rough surfaces polished by use to smoothness. Who would
have guessed lan Timberiake, Deb Wilson, Kent Westerburg, Rob Whittome and Alice
Thompson had passed this way? Only the staff of the train, Glen Schaeffer, Charlotte Olson,
Barry Steben and Steve Palmer could possibly arrive at an answer.
And so, with a great huffing and puffing and a sudden jerk, the long lighted platform slid
slowly past the train, leaving behind Dirk Sion, Anita Petkovic, Christine Roberge and Helen
Yagi to the cold Stamboul night. The Orient Express had started on its three-day |ourney
across Europe
M. Hyphen was a little late in entering the luncheon car the following day. He had risen early, had breakfasted almost alone, and had spent the morning going over the notes of the case
that was recalling him to London. He had seen littlo of Brooks.
He sat with Tieleman, and ordered a good meal. "What a scene this is," sighed Tieleman
as he surveyed the full dining car "It lends itself to romance, my friend. All around us are
people, of all classes, of all nationalities, of all ages. For three days these people, these
strangers to one another, are brought together. They sleep and eat under one roof, they cannot get away from each other. At the end of three days they pert, they go their several ways,
never perhaps to see each other again."
But inside, Poirot felt something his friend said was wrong, but he did not know why.
(Janet Whyte, Paul Washington, Sue Vohanka or Brad Waugh could have probably told him,
had they been on the train.)
There was, of course, Brooks and McDonald, who reminded M. Hyphen of T. J. Town-
send and Lee Wagenast, for some strange reason. A big swarthy man, picking his teeth with
gusto and undboutedly a salesman, was identified as Shaffin Shariff. Next to him sat a spare,
neat man. Glen Sanford, who had the expressionless disapproving face of the well-trained
servant. Next to him was a big man in a loud suit — possibly a commercial traveller — Keith
"You've got to put it over BIG?' he was saying in a loud nasal voice. Poirot's eye passed on
to a small table, where, sitting very upright, was a formidable personality, bedecked with
rings, minks and hats, the Princess Julie Wheelwright. ("She is a Russian," murmured Tieleman.) She was also very rich. At the table next to her sat Miss Draaisma, with two other
women: tall and middle-aged Nancy Campbell and sheep-like, amiable Corinna Sundararajan.
Campbell nattered on incessantly about cats and cars, driving everyone else in the compartment crazy. Obviously a Canadian out to terrorize Europe, Poirot thought. Corinna looked
like a nurse or a missionary, or possibly a combination of both. McDonald had to be a businessman, but what business the detective couldn't tell. He didn't like Scott's face.
And the train travelled on, passing the villages where Kathy Ford, Gordon Comer, Pat
Burdett, Al Banham and Mike Bocking lived. It arrived at Belgrade at 9:15 that night, whereupon Tieleman transferred out of No. 1 and into the adjoining Athens coach and Poirot moved in, leaving Brooks to snore to himself. The passengers began to prepare for bed, oblivious
of the very existence of Wendy Cumming, Anne Marie Fleming, Greg Fjetland, Dave Balder
stone, Mike Hirsch and Kate Andrew on the other side of the world.
Hyphen found it difficult to go to sleep at once. The train was not moving and he missed
the motion. Everything was quiet — he could hear McDonald moving about next door. Then
a bell rang — Ting . . . ting . . . ting ... it rang solidly. Where was the conductor? Ah, here
at last he came, answered a door not far from Poirot's own. He could hear the conversation:
Campbell, in her loud and obnoxious manner, was insisting that there was a man in her compartment and Eggertson had to search. When he was through, Poirot rang, for he was thirsty
and wanted some Perrier. Eggertson brought it to him and mentioned that the reason the
train was stopped was because a snow slide had Nocked the tracks. "Heaven knows how
long we shall be here, between Vincovici and Brod," ha said. *
Poirot was just dropping off again when he was woken by a thud, reminiscent of the noise
Charles Campbell made when banging his head against a wall. He sprang up, looked out into
the corridor and saw a womarf wrapped in a scarlet kimono retreating from his right. At the
other end, the conductor was seated. It was just past quarter past one. Later he heard a voice
call out from McDonald's room, Then he fell asleep.
Murder. It's not a nice word. It's not a word Kevin Annett, Duncan Alexander, Mark At-
tisha, Mike Hirschsprung or even Brian Byrnes would use in jest, only on Keith Lovatt, Peter
Francis and Sandra Goodey.
But that is what someone did to McDonald. Twelve stab wounds, some left handed, some
right handed, some mortal, some glancing — all bloody. Sanford, the valet, found him in the
morning after bursting down the locked doors. It was not a pretty sight. It was worse than
Arne Hermann in the morning.
Tieleman asked Poirot to take on the case, since there were no Yugoslavian police on
Sm page 20
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•/C". Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 5
One hundred fashionably
dressed Lower Mainland
journalists sit in a UBC
Most come from daily newspapers or large
radio and TV stations. Mark Dowie stands at
the front and tells them it's their job to keep
socialism alive in the media. And they listen.
Dowie works on the editorial board of
Mother Jones, the largest "alternative"
magazine in North America. He broke the
story on how Pintos, Ford's ail-American
family car, were exploding death traps.
Dowie's investigation sparked one of the
most significant recalls in American auto
history. He also broke the story on the
Dalkon Shield, the dangerous IUD pushed in
American drugstores, and he exposed the sale
of hazardous products, banned in the United
States, to third world countries.
He has broken new ground in investigative
journalism. He stands against everything for
which the commercial media stands. And he
does not consider his work or Mother Jones
magazine alternative media.
"The press is basically a revolutionary
medium. It's a medium that challenges
power," Dowie says. "It's always bugged me
that publications like Open Road (Vancouver's anarchist magazine), Georgia
Straight (at one time a progressive
newspaper) and Mother Jones are called
alternative. I think what is now called mass
media is really an alternative to what media
was intended to be in the first place. It's the
traditional role of media to keep challenging
and threatening economic and political
Dowie was speaking to student journalists
during a November trip to Vancouver. He
was here to speak at a meeting of the Centre
for Investigative Journalism, give interviews
and promote Mother Jones. But he pushed
more than Mother Jones — he pushed the
concept of investigative, advocacy journalism .
Dowie says he puts energy into drawing
young people into journalism, and encouraging young journalists to do investigative
"I discourage people from going to journalism school because I think you can learn
much more on location, on the job, than you
can in school.
"You know, in the United States right now
there are more students in journalism school
than there are journalists. What are all those
people going to do? And they're being
taught, with maybe one or two exceptions, by
failures in the profession. Chronic failures —
people who couldn't make it in the
newspaper profession."
"It's the job of progressive people, either
working for left publications or for mass
media, to keep socialism alive as a viable and
threatening alternative," he said.
"I personally don't believe it's unprofessional to reveal youi bias in journalism. I'm
an advocacy journalist and I believe that
anybody who is involved in any kind of controversial reporting, whether it is investigative or political, is to some degree
unavoidably exposirg their advocacy. Not
necessarily in so many words, but in the way
they select their interviews, select the questions they ask and select the answers that they
put in their stories, the advocacy is there."
the business management, I grew increasingly
frustrated about the quality of investigative
reporting. We had a commitment to do it but
we weren't getting it. I didn't know how to
do it, I just knew what I wanted to see. And
as my frustration grew, I finally decided to
just get it myself."
So Dowie wrote a story about the Dalkon
A friend had been badly injured and
became sterile from using the shield. Dowie
investigated the manufacturers of the IUD
and the expose that followed earned him
nation-wide acclaim and several awards for
investigative journalism.
'I don't believe
it's unprofessional
to reveal
your bias
in journalism'
Mark Dowie
The Toronto-born Dowie has formerly
worked as an economist. He has worked for
big and small businesses, and in 1975 he set
up the business department for Mother
The newer, San Francisco-based publication was not going to be another esoteric leftist rag. It's "state of the art": slick, glossy
and commercially competitive. As Dowie
says: it's a magazine from the left to the
center — with a circulation of a quarter
Dowie started writing for Mother Jones
when he became dissatisfied with the
magazine's level of reporting.
"During the early days when I was doing
"Because I didn't know what I was doing,
and because I had no professional journalistic training or knowledge, I inadvertantly invented a few genres, or sub-genres, of investigative reporting."
Dowie concentrated on corporate decisionmaking rather than products and examined
things that were legal instead of illegal.
Through his reporting, he tried to illustrate
problems inherent in the structure of
"I wasn't deliberately doing that," he
says. "I realized I was doing that when people came up to me and said, 'The interesting
thing about your work is you're doing this,
and that's not ordinarily done.' "
Dowie believes a leftist magazine, aimed at
the centre, could survive in Canada.
"I think that a magazine like Mother Jones
would do better in Canada than in the United
States. I think there's more of a market in
Canada." He says Canada has a more
socialistically oriented political economy, the
unions are more progressive, and Canadian
magazine readers are more curious and receptive.
The framework for such a Canadian
magazine, called Goodwin's Journal, already
exists. Dowie says it has potential, but
stressed there are key ingredients for keeping
such a publication alive.
"If you're going to be part of a team of
people to start an alternative publication, be
it Open Road or Goodwin's Journal or
whatever, be damned sure that there are people there who can add and subtract and who
have respect for managerial skills. So many
of these little publications in the United
States and Canada fall apart because of basic
business strategy."
Soliciting advertising from corporations is
not fun, but Dowie acknowledges that it is
necessary. Selling ads for Mother Jones is
frustrating for two reasons: hyping corporations contradicts the goals of Mother°Jones
and it's difficult to sell ads for a leftist
"Madison Avenue defines us as what they
call a hostile climate for advertising," he
says. "But in this economy and in this culture
if you're going to compete in the magazine
business you have to do it, damn it, and I
wish we didn't have to do it. Mother Jones
does not allow its advertising to take up more
than one third of the magazine.
The publication is run by a collectively
operated editorial board, takes measures to
ensure that women have a majority in positions of authority, and gets most of its copy
from freelance writers. Dowie says the
magazine is being hit hard by the current
recession, but expects it to survive.
And while Mother Jones might survive,
current social structures might not. Dowie
believes we are witnessing the end of
capitalism. Even though the right-wing appears to be thriving in the United States,
Dowie says the election of Reagan and the
rise in conservative legislation are symptoms
of capitalism's decline.
"The reason that's happening is because
capitalism is unavoidably declining. It's the
paranoia of the corporate right as they watch
their system eroding and their power
But he cautions: "Capitalism could evolve
to a worse system, conceivably. 1 mean the
death of capitalism doesn't mean the arrival
of a great economic system.
"It's not a matter of optimism or
pessimism — capitalism will die. It's dying."
New mag hits pavement
Vancouver Streets, Vancouver's
newest alternative magazine, was
conceived a cold and rainy January
night, in Cafe Madelaine, on West
It wasn't conceived until Fraser
Easton found Robert Gore sipping
his hot almond milk, reading Prism
International. Fraser had strolled in
with a copy of Mother Jones.
It was a perfect combination —
like peanut butter and milk
chocolate. Hershey's peanut butter
cup was born.
Now that Vancouver Streets is a
reality, Fraser recounts the moment
of climax. "You were interested in
a strictly literary magazine, and I
was interested in politics," says
Fraser to Robert, sitting across the
The first issue of Vancouver
Streets is a synthesis of their two
aspirations. Easton, for example,
wrote an editorial on Solidarity's
struggle in Poland, and elaborated
on his experiences in Poland. Gore
wrote poetry. But the editors say
the magazine has no particular
political stance, and is open to submission from writers in af genre
who want to express their thoughts.
"People seem to think the two
objectives are mutually exclusive.
They are not," says co-editor Karen
Romell. The other editor is Kyong-
Ae Kim, who also wrote an article
in the first edition about the writer's
role in society.
In terms of the journal's general
perspective, Romell says, "We are
interested in well-articulated discussion." Adds Romell, "When we
started it, we didn't want to 'imit it,
but let it take its own course."
"We want to direct our journal
to the broadest possible audience
and we want our audience to participate in it," says Gore.
The editors stress Vancouver
Streets is not a UBC publication.
The magazine was financed with the
editors' own funds, but having a
subsidy from the Canada Council is
a possibility after four editions are
Vancouver Streets is a modest
quarterly, produced at the AMS
Copy centre. Production costs for
the first issue amounted to $300.
The editors have recouped the
capitol costs from the sale of a
limited run of the magazine.
Vancouver Streets is currently
sold at various book stores and
outlets, including MacLeods on
Granville Street, Duthies, and Spar-
tacus books on West fourth.
Even though Vancouver Streets
has only begun publishing, Easton
boasts about national distribution.
The magazine is on consignment in
Calgary and Montreal bookstores.
"We are not chauvinistic, and not
only in terms of genre; we are not
centered in Vancouver. Our first
edition had poetry from Poland,"
he adds. Distribution in the Soviet
province of Ukrainia is a distinct
A wide distribution will ensure a
wide variety of submissions, the
editors hope. "We don't have a set
policy on contributors, but we do
encourage new writers whose work
is good quality material," says
But Streets wouldn't turn away
Atwood, or any established writer.
Easton refuses to confirm that
any established writers have consulted Vancouver Streets about
future submissions. "Our first
priority is to good, unknown
writers who want their work
published," he says.
commentary in journal format
Interested writers can send their
material to Vancouver Streets, P.O.
Box 46697, Station G, Vancouver,
V6R 4K8.
Easton's assessment of the first
magazine was, "The reader's asked
for a banana, and we gave them a
lemon," which is not to be confused with differentiating between apples and oranges. Page 6
Friday, April 2, 1982
Wilds book special
Peter Matthiesen's newest book
is beautifully produced, with
delicate, shy descriptions of encounters with African wildlife and
glowing photographs of animals
and landscapes in the Selous Game
Reserve in Tanzania, all bound in a
pleasing cloth jacket. Sand Rivers
resembles a sort of Special Edition
National Geographic, and if you
like that sort of thing you will love
this book.
Sand Rivers
by Peter Matthiesen
Viking Press $24.95
In 1979 Matthiesen joined Hugo
van La wick, National Geographic's
staff photographer in Africa (surprise!) for a safari into the Selous,
led by a past warden on the reserve,
Brian Nicholson. In part the book is
a portrait of Nicholson; and in part
an account of what is perhaps the
greatest and last of the true
wildernesses in Africa.
Matthiesen has been developing
an extremely varied body of books
in his career: In Under the Mountain Wall Mathiesen provides an insightful anthropology of a tribe in
New Guinea; For Tortuga is a uniquely narrated novel set in the
Caribbean; and The Snow Leopard
is an odyssey, external and internal,
as Matthiesen tries to define himself
among Himalayan valleys and
Sand Rivers is in part a synthesis
of the techniques of the two travel
books, retaining some of the directness and honesty of self-
examination of The Snow Leopard,
and the subtle hinting at the
character of the observer through
careful description and arrangement of observations in Under the
Mountain Wall. Where Matthiesen
disappoints is in the watered-down
quality of the book.
Then come and
spend a little of it at
Located at the back of the Village
on Campus
This year, it's a
whole new ball game.
Every year Maxell fans look forward to another
season of great Maxell tape performance. And
another summer in a super Maxell T-Shirt, free with
their purchase of Maxell cassettes.
This year, we're playing ball with you by offering
the best Maxell deal yet: a quality Canadian-made
baseball-style shirt of 50% cotton, 50% polyester.
It's a genuine $ 14.00 retail value and it's yours
free with every purchase of four Maxell XL-S C-90
cassettes while the supply lasts.
There's no catch to this pitch. Simply look for
the Maxell baseball shirt poster at your participating
Maxell dealer's, pick up your four XL-S cassettes,
and slip into your free baseball shirt.
Some sizes are limited, so hurry
down and choose yours.
Then team up with Maxell
baseball shirts and that
great Maxell tape
ciates limited
68-42" Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 7
Students came back to UBC in
September to face good times, bad
times and vile rag times. But before
they even entered their first lineup
of the month, several events had
taken place during the summer of
'81 which were to shape the coming
The constitution debate dragged
on, Pier B-C was being dragged
down and finding housing — any
housing — was a drag. At UBC tuition fees had increased, as had Pit
But the most important event, for
UBC students, was the 18 per cent
salary hike awarded to faculty by
arbitrator Richard Bird, closely
followed by a 15 per cent raise for
Canadian Union of Public Employees members.
Administration president Doug
Kenny immediately implemented a
freeze on hiring and equipment purchases, and sought funds from the
provincial government to make up
the anticipated $7 million shortfall.
There was good news too: solicitor general Robert Kaplan promised
the public there would be no more
RCMP spying on campuses, the
SUB cafeteria was renovated into
the high-tech SUBway, Charles
Redden was hired as the Alma Mater Society's new general manager,
and AMS vice president Peter Mitchell decided to resign for academic
Then came September, and the
crunch began. First, the Bank of
Montreal closed one of its two
branches on campus, and transferred its student loans department out
of the remaining SUB branch to a
"convenient" Pender and Granville
location. The bank said it was for
students' convenience; students
charged that it was due to the
bank's desire to get out of the unprofitable student loan business —
unprofitable because interest was at
10 per cent instead of the prevailing
The student accessibility committee's five members quit en masse, a
result they said of student council's
continuing interference and general
lack of concern for tuition increases, funding cutbacks and financial
accessiblity. Esternal affairs coordinator James Hollis later called
the move "brash," but made no
tangible moves to form another
And then there was the mounting
drama of the $7.4 million deficit.
"God help this university," faculty
board member Hugh Greenwood
told senate. "This can't go on for
long." But it did. One aspect of the
piece was the never ending sight of
everyone blaming everyone else for
the funding crisis.
But coupled with UBC's $7.4
million deficit was Simon Fraser
University's $1 million shortfall, a
result of a 17 per cent faculty pay
increase. SFU too joined UBC in
asking Victoria for a grant to cover
the loss. The only good financial
news was a special $1 million grant
from Victoria for the faculty of applied science to aid the expansion of
the engineering program.
But strangely enough, senate decided to approve enrolment restrictions into the faculty.
And in the real world, the Rolling
Stones announced their date in the
Seattle Kingdome, and Stones fever
began to rise.
o c t o b inr
The following month i, marked
by cuts and protests. The UBC administration quietly axes 206 teaching assistant positions; the Social
Credit government, in a leaked
memo, tells universities to scrap
their arts programs; SFU hikes its
fees 22.7 per cent; and 5,000 protest
education cuts in Halifax.
UBC information services begins
Mindpower, a publicity campaign
to educate the public to the importance of education — but students
are initially suspicious of the secretive campaign.
And the students for an accessible education group is formed by
the former accessibility committee
members. Supported by the arts
undergraduate society, the group
begins to plan rallies, seek support,
and holds a forum on education accessibility. Administration vice
president Michael Shaw, chair of
the just-formed retrenchment committee, is interrogated and heckled
by students for the lack of student
representation on the committee
and its secretive activities.
Meanwhile, the AMS executive
and student council nitpick on a
one page report they present at the
month's board meeting, and lose
the support of major campus constituencies with suggestions such as
hiring outside contractors, breaking
tenure agreements, and opposing
the SAE for its "radical" approach.
The engineers deposit a four-ton
cairn in the middle of Pacific and
Burrard, and common nuisance
charges are laid, including one
against EUS president Lance Balcom. A record number of teams
enter the Arts '20 race, and The
Ubyssey manages to snag a first in
the independent men's category.
And Rolling Stones fans get their
fill with not one but two shows Oct.
22 at the Kingdome.
Student politics remain fairly
stable during October, with only the
election of Pat Chow to vice president to mark any significant change
in council. The only other ripple is
the appointment, instead of election, of a senator at large, a dangerous precedent according to student
board member Chris Niwinski.
Union politics, however, are on
the rise, with the AMS employees
contemplating strike action and the
teaching assistants union bargaining
talks with the administration faltering.
And last but not least, the board
commits an unprecedented move
when it rejects senate's recommendations to implement enrolment restrictions in applied sciences and
sends it back to senate for further
November came in with a roar.
Vancouver protested the presence
of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Ranger, letters began
flooding into The Ubyssey on the
abortion controversy, senate is outraged at the board's rejection of its
enrolment restriction recommendation, and the board — instead of
approving an anticipaled 15 per
cent tuition increase — ominously
delays its decision to its January
Cuts, both rumored and real,
spur the faculty association into an
emergency meeting where they attack the university's firing plans
and secretive actions. Arts attacks
former arts dean Kenny, arts dean
Robert Will attacks a Ubyssey reporter, trying to steal his. notebook,
everyone attacks federal finance
minister Allan MacEachen who announces a probable $6 billion cut in
EPF, and provincial finance minister Hugh Curtis attacks the federal
government, claiming its cuts will
force a $400 tuition hike.
Student council remains comparatively inactive, leaving much of the
anti-cutbacks fight to the SAE.
AMS president Marlea Haugen is
accused of having greater allegience
to the UBC administration than to
The TAU, on the other hand, is
very active. It rejects the administration's final offer, and calls a
strike vote for the beginning of December. The AMS employees settle
with the AMS. Six Association of
University and College Employees
members are laid off.
Off campus, students begin fighting the cuts. Douglas College students lock out the campus, and students throughout the province hold
rallies and demonstrations Nov. 26
and 27.
Throughout the month the cuts
continue at UBC. The secret cost-
cutting criteria are leaked, but they
are of little help to the faculty of education which faces a $800,000 cut
— indicative of the low priority all
education is being treated to. In the
midst of all this, Doug Kenny finds
time to send a letter to each individual student, cautioning him/her
against cheating. "I'm just trying to
put an end to it," he said at the
time. "Even one student (caught
cheating) is too much."
National interest focused on
UBC briefly when 300 natives occupied the Museum of Anthropology
for more than a day to protest the
Liberal government's policy of
"genocide and ethnicide." Following that was a special Ubyssey issue
on cults and fascist organizations,
particularly the KKK, which was to
arouse tremendous campus debate
and action.
And, oh yes, the computer records on students were all destroyed
in a freak accident that later turned
out to be a fake accident, with outraged response.
There was some good news and
some bad news in December. First,
UBC demolished SFU 33-1 in the
Shrum Bowl and the event would
have have been a complete success
had anyone attended. And Doug
Kenny's retirement, effective June
1983, was announced.
The bad news was that the TAU
voted in favor of strike action, and
with the administration's intransigence on wages, a strike was more
than likely in the new year. And,
following exams and the departure
of students, the Acadia Camp solar
houses were torn down. The directive was authorized by housing
director Mike Davis, who had
mysteriously resigned just three
weeks before the event.
The weather was really bad, too
— lots of snow.
The  TAU  and  Black  Tuesday
were the hottest items in a very cold
See page 10: JANUARY Page 8
Friday, April 2, 1982
Hasek, modern humor
Although published almost 50
years after his death, the stories
compiled in The Red Commissar remain relevant to the political and
social problems of society today.
Hasek's originality, humor, and
satire is a welcome change from the
dry political commentaries that
have come to dominate modern
The Red Commissar is a mixture
of short fictional stories and
autobiographical sketches. Hasek's
real life antics are just as amusing
and original as those of his
The Red Commissar
By Jaroslav Hasek
Lester & Orpen Dennys Limited
283 pages, $13.95 hardcover
Hasek has a rare talent for combining hilarity with important,
ongoing issues. His first series of
stories makes a mockery of
militarism and the whole military
mentality, as two inept commanders compete for control of a
town. But this biting condemnation
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of officialdom and armed power is
just the start.
In the course of his stories, Hasek
somehow manages to intelligently
yet tastefully ridicule religious rites,
the law, society's concept of justice,
the education system, love, marriage, authority, business, and
Hasek can discuss such issues in a
light vein, yet still transmit
philosophical and critical insight.
Strong condemnation is combined
with humor, which makes for easy
and enjoyable reading. Beneath
the witicisms, however, lurks a
serious intent that in Hasek's
lifetime made him famous as a rebel
and opponent of the Austro-
Hungarian monarchy. Born in
Prague in 1883, Hasek is described
by his biographer as a "bohemian,
reble, anarchist, and hoaxer,"
Rambunctious and hard-drinking,
Hasek died in 1923, shortly before
turning 40.
Although not in chronological
order, the stories in The Red Commissar get more political, and more
hilarious, toward the end of the
book.   The   innocent   and   naive
escapades of "The Good Soldier
Svejk" reflect Hasek's devout anti-
militarism, as private Svejk tries to
be a good soldier for his country
but instead manages to expose the
myths and lunacy surrounding the
military and war.
Hasek is at his best in the last
series of stories, compiled under the
interesting title "The Party of
Moderate Progress Within the
Bounds of the Law." In 13 stories,
Hasek manages to ridicule society's
ideas of democracy, elections,
political parties, and freedom. But
rather than simple condemnation,
Hasek supplies a thought-
provoking analysis of society's
shortcomings. Perhaps his major
achievement is that his offerings are
as relevant today to the Western
world's system of democratic
capitalism as they were to the
Austro-Hungarian Empire in the
early part of the century.
Hasek should be required reading
in introductory political theory
courses. The trouble is, after
reading Hasek nobody will want to
plow through Locke, Hobbes, or
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REED COMMUNICATIONS, based in Edmonton, is currently looking for
energetic, imaginative graduates in film: self-starters who can think for
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What is important to you, the film graduate, is that Reed works like a film
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the mediums of film and video.
The procedures and shooting techniques employed by Reed will be
familiar to you, but all shooting is done on one-inch videotape and is
edited on equipment that is state-of-the-art. Reed maintains 15 fully
mobile EFP units comprised of Thomson 701 video cameras and Sony
BVH-500 video recorders. Our computerized editing equipment includes
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This is your opportunity to learn from international experts. Successful
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T6H 5C3 Friday, April 2,1982
Page 9
Western neglect prolongs Eritrean war
The war in Eritrea is an almost forgotten
For more than twenty years the Eritrean
people have fought a constant battle for national liberation from Ethiopian rule and
centuries of colonial occupation by Turks,
Egyptians, and Italians.
"The war has been hidden because the
West no longer has an interest in the area,"
says Eyob Goitom, comparing the war in his
country to that of El Salvador and other
Latin American countries.
Goitom is from Eritrea and is working
towards a master's degree in geography at
UBC. He left Ethiopia in 1975, one year after
the military take-over of Haile Salassie's
American-supported dictatorship. He is
sponsored in Canada as a student and
refugee by the UBC committee of the World
University Service of Canada.
Before leaving Ethiopia, Goitom studied at
the university in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa. "That was 1975," he says. "A lot
of Eritreans protested and left the country.
Students were not looking for a change of
masters. That is what happened — a change
of one repressive government for another."
Since 1974, the Ethiopian Durgue (the provisional military government) has mounted
six genocidal offenses in Eritrea. In the latest
attack this February, more than half of
Ethiopia's 240,000 armed forces were
deployed in the territory. The forces are supplied and advised by the Soviet Union,
Libya, Cuba and South Yemen.
Four million Eritrean people are fighting
four large powers says Goitom. Until 1973,
the war for national liberation was a hit and
run guerrilla-style battle. But since then, the
Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF),
fights an open and conventional style of war
as well as the guerrilla battle.
"There has been a lot of destruction to
homes. People have left their homes; people
like myself. I don't know where you could
find a country without an Eritrean refugee,"
says Goitom.
The "hidden" war is being fought without
help from the West. Instead, through indirect
aid from the European Economic Community,says Goitom, the West is supporting
Ethiopia. Ethiopia is a drought-stricken
country which receives international relief.
But some food and supplies go to Ethiopian
The EPLF gets weapons from two main
sources. Supplies and weapons come from
groups supportive of Eritrea including
women's groups and other liberation
organizations. A large number of weapons
used by the Eritrean forces are captured from
Ethiopia and its all es. In the current offensive, Eritrea captured about 100 T-54 Soviet-
made tanks and huge quantities of other
"With an uncdmmitted force, a lot of
weapons," emphasizes Goitom, "have been
Ethiopians are also oppressed by the
Durgue. The war uses resources for destruction rather than economic development.
Most of the cash crops go to the Soviet Union
to pay for weapons. A recent report in the
Globe and Mail said 753 Ethiopian soldiers
were   killed  and   many  captured.   War  is
captured Soviet tank used in liberation war
wasting both countries.
But the Eritrean war is more than a quest
for succesion from Ethiopia. In both
Ethiopia and Eritrea, people are fighting
against imperialist-backed fascist dictatorships. In Eritrea EPLF also works to
reconstruct society, end feudal structures and
regain national identity taken away by years
of external influence.
In 1896 Eritrea fell under Italian colonial
rule. The colony was totally seperate from
Ethiopia. But in 1941 the British occupied
Eritrea as part of the allied strategy to defeat
Italian fascism in North Africa and Europe.
The country remained a British protectorate
until 1952.
In 1952, the United Nations decreed that
Eritrea become a federated state together
with Ethiopia but with a separate government. It was not too long after, that Selassie
dissolved the Eritrean constitution and
"I remember when I was in school. They
(the Ethiopians) ordered all textbooks
gathered and burned. Even private books
were ordered burned," says Goitom. Selassie
also imposed laws against the Eritrean
languages, culture, trade unions and legal
Since 1961, the Eritrean people have been
fighting for political and social revolution.
The early struggle lacked an ideological basis
but through the Liberation Front the struggle
has been expanded to include social development.
The ELPF's social program includes
economic reconstruction and social change.
The Eritrean's are also working to end the
feudal social system. Part of their program
includes upgrading trie status of women and
educating young people. Goitom says 35 per
cent of the Eritrean fighting forces are
"The movement is more than fighting,"
says Goitom. "It is hospitals literature and a
self-run people's war."
Despite 20 years of war, the Ethiopian
government still maintains that they will win
the war. Since gaining power in 1974,
Ethiopia continually declares to have
eliminated the EPLF. The Durgue denies
they are planning further attacks in Eritrea.
A high-level Ethiopian diplomat, according
to the Globe and Mail, said in February,
"This is ridiculous. We're waiting for them
to give up."
martial law
in Poland
"The state of war will not last one minute
longer than is necessary." — Polish prime
minister and military leader, General Wo-
jciech Jaruzelski in his 1981 Christmas address.
"General Jaruzelski is a long time military
man, and that means a long time communist.
He has been for decades apart of the military
appartatus of the entire Soviet bloc. If there
is no rebuilding of the communist party, the
army may have to continue in the saddle for
many years to come." — University of
Toronto political economy professor, Gordon Skilling.
Jaruzelski declared martial law in Poland
on Dec. 13. Today, more than three months
after this declaration, military rule is still a
harsh reality in the country.
Alongside the repression of thousands of
Solidarity sympathizers through the military
rule, Poland has been beset by an economic
crisis of serious proportions. Debts totalling
$21 billion, and a widespread food shortage
have crippled the country.
But despite world protests which include
economic sanctions, Jaruzelski and his
regime have stood steadfast in defence of
their actions which successfully crushed the
Solidarity movement.
The question remains: Was the Soviet
Union, which intervened in Hungary in 1956
and Czechoslovakia :n 1968 to stop reforms
against the communist system, at work again
in 1981 in Poland?
"It is quite inconcdveable that the Polish
army could have acted independently without
the approval, consultation and advice of the
Moscow military command ."Gordon Skilling
said at a Vancover Institute lecture Saturday.
Skilling, a specialist on Eastern European
politics and active in the field of human
rights, said an indirect form of Soviet intervention was most likely aimed at Poland.
"But it was a much more desirable one
from the Soviet point of view than a direct
military invasion," he said. "It avoided the
very high costs of a Soviet invasion."
Many people in the western world have
misinterpreted the events in Poland, said
"It has to be recognized that this was much
more than the establishment of martial law.
This was a military coup. It was.a takeover by
the military comparable to that of Guatemala
or Bangladesh."
"One can hardly place the blame for the
establishment of the military dictatorship on
the so-called extremist demands of Solidarity. Rather, I would put the blame on the
future of the rulers io grasp a program to
take leadership in the reform movement," he
In condemning Poland's present military
regime, Skilling claimed the "dirty work"
has been done not b> the regular Polish army, but by the securii y police.
"They have been the ones, on the whole,
who have gone into the factories, the mines,
and the shipyards aid have killed Polish
workers. It's only within the military
framework of the martial law system that the
security police have been able to do their dirty work."
The Solidarity movement began as a means
to organize trade unions in Poland. But as its
ranks swelled to 10 million members, it
became clear they were seeking outright
reforms, not merely as a trade union, but as a
"political force of great magnitude and influence," said Skilling.
He stressed the precedence of Solidarity.
"This is the first time in Eastern European
history that the working class as a whole advanced into the center of the stage as the major agent of change."
"It was almost as Marx predicted it, except
that the workers were not rising against
capitalism, but against a deformed form of
Skilling cited the Catholic church as the
only force in the country that can remain
publicly opposed to the military regime.
"The church has shown no sign whatsoever of retreating from its support of the
reform movement. It's a church though — it
can't play politics in the usual sense."
The West missed an opportunity to support the Solidarity movement before the imposition of military rule, Skilling charged.
"I believe the West made a very serious
miscalculation and an error of policy prior to
the establishment of martial law, by failing to
work out with the Poles, and in agreement
with the Soviet Union if possible, a massive
program of aid to Poland."
Based on the regime's performance to
date, Poland's troubles will continue said
Skilling. "The present regime has shown no
ability nor even willingness to deal with the
economic crisis other than the enormous increase of prices that was introduced after the
establishment of military law," he said.
Skilling predicted there will be a major
shock to the communist system in Eastern
"One can safely say that during the forty-
odd years of communist rule in Eastern
Europe, the system, with one or two exceptions, has been in a state of almost constant
crisis. Eastern Europe is impatierft — one
country or another will explode very
SKILLING . . . West misinterpreted
events in Poland Page 10
Friday, April 2, 1982
January tense for all
From page 7
month. After talks break down during the Christmas break between
the union and UBC, the TAs vote
to picket the campus Jan. 22, just
four days before the SAE-organized
Black Tuesday.
The month is tense for all constituencies. There is still no word
from Victoria on whether UBC will
get a grant to cover the $7.4 million
shortfall, although the Socreds decide to allow universities to go into
debt to buy out tenured faculty.
An arsonist is on the loose at Totem, and the partially constructed
Home Economics building is discovered to be tilting.
The Trotskyist League club organizes against The Ubyssey, claiming the article published in November on the Ku Klux KJan is only a
platform for the Klan. A small
group circulates pamphlets and
posters and occupies The Ubyssey
office for two hours, shouting and
And then the sky falls down with
the announcement of the retrenchment committee's report. The bottom line is that $7.5 million will be
pared from an already lean budget
— less money than was spent on the
shelved Pier B-C project. The cuts
include: $500,000 from the arts
faculty; $600,000 from the library's
operating budget; $3.7 million from
non-faculty budgets, including $1
million from Physical Plant; $1.9
million from the faculty budget;
and a recommended tuition fee increase of 30 to 33 per cent.
A $5.2 million grant for the medicine faculty turns into a hot potato
— McGeer says UBC can use the
funds at its own discretion to alleviate the cuts, Kenny says it is earmarked for the faculty and he has
not been told otherwise by the
ministry. In the end, it is left with
the medicine faculty.
Between the committee's recommendations and Black Tuesday is a
period of relative calm — further
cutbacks are announced every day,
the TAU seeks campus support for
its strike, and student senator and
board of governor representative
elections are held.
The calm is broken, though, by
the TAU's decision to cancel the
strike and settle for 15 per cent and
a weak union security clause, a decision which angers many of the
groups on campus who supported
and prepared for the strike. Three
days later, Black Tuesday arrives,
and 150 students dressed in black
march across campus to bury quality education at the entrance to the
Old Administration building — just
hours before the board decides to
raise tuition an average of 32.8 per
cent and impose enrolment restrictions on engineering.
The same day, Dave Dale and
Ron Krause are declared the newly
elected board representatives and
Sharon Provost, William Milosevic,
Michael Shepard, Bob Summerball,
Stephen Henderson, Chris Fulker
and Ken Freeman are elected to senate.
Yet another election was held at
the end of the month, this time for
AMS executives and two referendums, SUB renovations and the
funding of a Public Interest Research Group. The good/bad news,
depending on how you feel, was:
president, Dave Frank (former SUS
president); vice president, Cliff
Stewart; finance director, James
Hollis (former external affairs coordinator); administration director,
Terry Cox (incumbent); external affairs, Cynthia Southard. PIRG,
renovations and a ballot box were
The month ended with council
gearing up to deal with the onslaught of engineering week and the
notorious Lady Godiva ride, deciding to ask the RCMP to arrest Lady
Godiva if she indecently exposes
See page 12: LADY
travel CUTS has the following
money saving flights available.
FIXED RETURN from $839
(via USA)
ONE WAY from $499
(via USA)
Flight must be booked 21
days in advance.
For details and booking
Going Your Way!
UBC, Students' Union Building
Vancouver. 604 224-2344
Here's an opportunity to gain a better understanding of the
culture and customs of the Province of Quebec and become
more fluent in the French language through summer
employment in the Provincial Government of Quebec. The
British Columbia Ministry of Labour is accepting applications
now for a variety of positions within the Quebec Government
for up to thirty university students from British Columbia.
These job opportunities will involve a minimum of ten weeks
work between the months of May and August, 1982. Salaries
will be determined according to .the student salary scale of
the Province of Quebec.
Any student registered full-time at the University of British
Columbia, Simon Fraser University, or the University of
Victoria is eligible to apply providing they have a working
knowledge of the French language, have lived in British
Columbia for one year, and are a Canadian citizen.
Applications are available from the Canada Employment
Centre on campus, from the Ministry of Labour Employment
Opportunity Programs Branch at 808 Douglas Street in
Victoria by calling Zenith 2210 (toll free) in Victoria 387-1131.
All applications must be submitted before April 8,1982
Province Of Ministry of
British Columbia       Labour
An Invitation
To Submit Nominations For The
$75,000 Ernest C. Manning Award
The Ernest C. Manning Awards Foundation is seeking nominations
for its $75,000 1982 Award.
The Foundation is a national, privately funded non-profit organization, formed to
encourage, nurture and reward innovation by Canadian people.
A Selection Committee will choose a person who has shown outstanding talent in
conceiving and developing a new concept, process or product of potential widespread
benefit to Canada. Of special interest are nominations from the fields of biological
sciences (life); the physical sciences and engineering; the social sciences;
business; labour; law; and government and public policy.
The deadline for nominations for the 1982 Award is May 31, 1982.
For further information, or to acquire a Nomination Form, please write to:
Mr. George E. Dunlap, Executive Director,
Ernest C. Manning Awards Foundation,
P.O. Box 2276, Main Post Office, Calgary, Alberta T2P 2M6 Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 11
Sports sputter to st
Last year's football team was one
of the worst. This year the opposite
is true.
UBC captured the Western Intercollegiate Football league title with
a 7-1 record. The 'Birds were led by
the strongest defence in the country
and the best rusher in the country.
The defence was anchored by
Rob Waite, drafted by the Calgary
Stempeders, Bernie Glier, Don
Moen and David Singh — drafted
by the B.C. Lions — and Mike
Emery and Jason Riley, who were
picked as Canadian all-stars.
Emery was picked top defensive
back in the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union.
The offence centred around the
running exploits of running back
Glen Steele. Steele was the top
ground gainer in the country,
named to the Canadian all-star
team and picked Canadian rookie
of the year.
UBC lost in the Western final
11-8 to the University of Alberta,
the eventual Canadian champions.
The  football team finished the
year with a 8-3 record. This included a 33-1 shellacking of Simon
Fraser University in the Shrum
The women's field hockey team
was another successful first term
team. UBC captured the Canada
West title for the second year in a
row and then went on the nationals
where they finished third.
UBC finished with seven points
to eight for the University of
Toronto and UVic. in the round-
robin    national   championship.
STEVENS . . . northwestern slalom champ
Toronto, tied with UBC 1-1 in the
round-robin, won the national title.
A team that started out great and
then died was the soccer team. The
'Birds went 3-0-1 in the first half of
the season and 0-3-1 in the second
half. Danny Sudyeko and Alan
Sigurdson were named to the second Canadian all-star team.
Even though Sudyeko and
Sigurdson will be back nexi: year the
team will still struggle. The offence
was anemic and this wiL not be
helped when Bruce Biles, this year's
top offensive player, graduates.
Basketball? Yes, basketball was
played at UBC — when UVic,
Alberta, Calgary and Saskatchewan
visited War Memorial. It v/as not a
good year for UBC's teams. The
men finished the season 3-17 and
the women were 0-20. The men
were lead by Bob Forsyth who was
UBC's male athlete of the year. The
women's stalwart was Kathy
Things will be different next year.
Although Forsyth will not be back
the 'Birds will be. Pat V/est and
Lloyd Scrubb, two first-year
players, were impressive by the end
of the season.
Next year, will also mark the first
time in 20 years that Peter Mullins
will not be the head basketball
coach. Mullins is taking a sabbatical, so Bob Molinski will take
over for the year. This wif be very
beneficial for basketball at UBC
because recruiting is not one of
Mullin's strong points. Molinski is a
very successful high school coach
and should be able to attract top
athletes to UBC.
The women did not get blown out
as badly as they did last year. The
UBC athletics finally changing
Twenty years ago UBC had no
choice but to be one of the best athletic schools in the country. There
was no recruiting because there was
no competition for student athletes.
If someone wished to compete in
B.C. at the university level, they
went to UBC.
Things began to change in the
mid '60s when Simon Fraser University opened. SFU offered scholarships and started attracting athletes who would normally have
gone to UBC. The UBC sport hurt
most was football. With a diminishing base of local talent to draw
from, the better athletes headed for
SFU because the football program
there was becoming known as a
stepping stone to the pros.
UBC fell another step behind in
1976 when the University of Victoria changed its attitudes towards
athletics. UVic split its sports into
two levels. Level one sports were to
have major emphasis and the school
tried to acquire the best cogohes
possible and upgrade its facilities,
so these sports could compete with
the best in Canada. The second
level sports would not be promoted
as intensively and would only compete locally and in the northwest.
While SFU and UVic were taking
these measures, UBC was continuing on a bureaucratic path.
With   its   incredible   range    of
sports, UBC athletics ran the whole
gamut from good to bad. The athletic department could not provide
direction because it was too busy
just keeping the bureaucracy afloat.
University athletics had changed
and UBC had not changed with it.
Obviously this was not the case
with all the teams at UBC, but it
was with the department as a whole.
In the summer of 1980 the UBC
athletic department was revamped
in an effort to return UBC to the
position it once held. Bob Hindmarch became the director of athletics and sport services and Rick
Noonan was appointed men's athletic director. Previously, one person filled both roles.
While this creates another level of
bureaucracy it also enables Hindmarch and Noonan to direct their
efforts in a specific area.
The women's athletic department
is also benefiting from the reorganization. Under athletic director
Marilyn Pomfret, women's athletics is now able to better promote
itself both on and off the campus.
Women's athletics made some
major coaching changes three years
ago, when Sandy Silver was hired as
the women's volleyball coach and
Gail Wilson was appointed full time
field hockey coach.
The men's department has also
See page 12: COACHING
junior varsity team was probably
better than the varsity because some
players preferred to play with the
junior team.
The women's team will finally
have a good recruiting year. Most
of the good high school players do
not want to go to UVic, which has
won three straight national championships, because they know they
will not play for two or three years,
at UBC these players will get a lot
of floor time starting in their first
Hockey is another sport that is
being rebuilt successfully. Since the
early '70s hockey at UBC has hit
hard times. The last two years have
been especially bad. This year was
not great standings-wise, but very
successful in terms of direction.
A new coach, Jack Morris, was
hired and he has proven to be a
strong leader and teacher.
Recruiting has also improved. The
school is going after players from
major junior teams like the Victoria
Cougars and Seattle Breakers.
There will be two players from the
Cougars and one from the Breakers
playing for UBC next year.
Next year there will be one and
maybe two national volleyball
championship teams on campus.
The Canadian Intercollegiate
Athletic Union championships will
be here and, as host, UBC is
automatically invited.
Why does UBC look so good for
next year? It beat Calgary two out
of three matches after Christmas
and Calgary walked on the eastern
teams in the nationals. UBC is also
a young team and will not lose any
players to graduation.
UBC placed Chris Frehlick and
Paul Thiessen on the second
Canada West team and Brad
Willock on the first team. Willock
was also named to the CIAU second
team and has been asked to tryout
for the national team.
The UBC women will also be
strong contenders for the national
title next year. Like the men, the
women did not have a very good
start to the league. It also took them
longer to get it together and it was
not until the last tournament of the
year before UBC started to defeat
the top teams.
UBC is losing Carol Pollock and
Collen Cole, a second team Canada
West all-star, to graduation. Tara
Senft was named to the first
Canada West team and UBC coach
Sandy Silver expects Senft, Karen
See page 12: UBC
Top male and female athletes of the year
For outstanding achievements
top male
The winner of the Bobby Gaul
Memorial Trophy for the male
athlete of the year was basketball
player Bob Forsyth.
The Gaul trophy goes to the top
athlete who has high academic
marks and is in his fourth year.
Forsyth has played for the varsity
basketball team for four years.
Three of those years at centre.
Each year he has been the team's
leading scorer and he finished his
career as UBC's top all time point
getter with 2142 points.
At 6' 5" 215 lbs. Forsyth is the
smallest centre in the Canda West
league. Despite this disadvantage
Forsyth has usually been able to
outplay his opponents.
Forsyth's top game this year was
against the University of Winr ipeg
whee he grabbed eight rebojnds
and tossed in 38 points.
Winner of UBC's Sparling
Trophy for female athlete of the
year    was    swimmer    Ronda
Assistant coach Ken Radford
said Thomasson was instrumental
in the success of UBC's swimming
team. "She is the major reason for
the success of the women's team as
a whole," he said.
Thomasson, honored at a UBC
women's athletics awards banquet
in March, is a member of Canada's
national swim team and a triple
gold medal winner at the recent
Canadian collegiate championships.
She established herself immediately in university competition
by going undefeated in any individual races in each of UBC's
dual meets. Then in the Canada
West conference Championships,
held in Calgary in February, she
won the 200 metre individual
medals in new record time, won the
100 metre freestyle, placed second
in the 400, and swam on two of
UBC's second-place relay teams.
THOMASSON ... top female Page 12
Friday, April 2, 1982
Lady Godiva:
RCMP deals,
AMS apathy
lead to lock
out of gears
From page 10
~F~E B R U A R Y
The month begins ominously
with the Lady Godiva ride, and it
quickly becomes clear that the
RCMP decided to ignore the ride.
EUS president Lance Balcom admits a "deal" was made with the
RCMP, and AMS president Marlea
Haugen is criticized for delaying
council's letter, which contains the
request to arrest Godiva, to the
The law students association wo
men's committee and the AMS women's   committee,   together   with
other campus groups, file a complaint with the B.C. ombudsoffice,
citing the failure of the administration, RCMP and human rights
branch to deal with the ride and the
Red Rag.
And the cutbacks continue, with
sports programs the latest victim.
But finally council decides to join
with the SAE in fighting the cuts,
pledging an era of "new cooperation." The move comes not a minute too soon, as premier Bill Bennett announces a 12 per cent freeze
on funding increases, and the hope
of a $7.4 million grant to cover
UBC's deficit dies.
Planning begins on a massive
protest march for the next month,
the same week SFU announces cuts
totalling $1 million, including the
football and track and field programs. UBC announces 46 layoffs
in the Physical Plant department —
45 of the workers women. Residence rates are hiked 15 to 20 per
cent. More than 250 children face
eviction from the Acadia Camp
daycare centres. B.C. Institute of
Technology students are hit with a
25 per cent tuition increase.
All   in   all,   a   most   depressing
R     C     H
With the never-ceasing cutbacks
fading into just another part of the
UBC landscape, March focussed instead upon the EUS's Red Rag.
Two off-campus groups asked the
association of professional engineers of B.C. to take action against
the society — the action appeared
shortly thereafter, in the form of a
letter chastising the undergraduate
society. But in between came the
most dramatic move in the annual
controversy — the UBC administration padlocked the doors of the
EUS office, the Cheese Factory, indefinitely and EUS president Lance
Baicom announced that the Red
Rag was dead.
And another chapter in the ongoing saga of professor Julius Kane
UBC sports and more sports
From page 11
Blair and Kelly Meechan to be her
team leaders next year.
Rugby had a very weird season.
UBC started off the year wi^i a tour
of Ireland where they went 4-1-1.
Most teams that tour Ireland are
fortunate to win half their games.
UBC also ended the season on a
positive note. It was the middle part
that was a little scary. UBC had a
poor season in Vancouver league
play and did not come close in
McKechnie Cup play.
The season ended with UBC winning the International Invitational
tournament at the University of
Victoria. This was probably UBC's
best game since the Ireland tour.
Robin Russell and Peter Daniels
have been named to the Western
Canada team, with Russell as captain.
Patti Sakaki led the gymnastics
team to excel in college gymnastics.
The women's team finished second
in the Canada West meet and second in the Canadian championships.
Saskaki was the-overall winner in
both meets.
The swimming and diving teams
had good coaching and the results
showed it. The men finished fifth in
the country and the women second.
Best performance at the nationals
was turned in by swimmer Rhonda
Thomasson who had four first
place medals.
The swimming and diving team
was named the women's team of the
The women's curling team was
largely ignored by the press even
though it won the Canada West title
and the gold medal at the B.C.
Winter games.
A UBC athlete who was an ail-
American? The UBC skiing team
competes in an American league
and skier John Hilland was named
an all-American for winning the
skimeister award at the U.S. national championships.
The men's team finished second
at the championships out of 125
Coaching changes
From page 11
been trying to add to the quality
coaches it already has. The athletic
department will also try to make it
easier cm some of these coaches by
reducing their teaching loads so
they can spend more time coaching
and recruiting.
There are still some rubbish
coaches here. You can tell who they
are by looking at their records and
seeing if there is upward movement,
or just oscillation depending on
who happens to play on the team
that year.
Several coaching changes took
place this year. Jack Moores took
over the hockey program from Bert
Halliwell, who returned to school
back east. Boris Klavora was appointed the rowing coach and Bob
Molinski will handle the men's basketball team while Peter Mullins
takes a sabbatical.
After one year at the helm
Moores has been asked back, which
is fortunate because he is already
starting to turn around a dismal
hockey program.
Hiring Klavora is the first step toward returning rowing to the level it
once  held  when   it  used  to  win
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was added when an investigation
committee decided to suspend him:
for 18 months without pay. The decision came five years after Kane
was accused of using research
grants and UBC's computer for
personal profit, two years after he
was served a three month suspension and convicted of theft, and one
year after Doug Kenny decided to
dismiss Kane but instead formed a
committee to deal with the matter.
More notoriety came to UBC
with The Ubyssey's coverage of a
speech by math professor and Vancouver alderman Nathan Divinsky,
where he slammed pregnant single
women, saying "No one asked her
to uncross her legs." The affair was
extensively covered in the commercial media, and although Divinsky
wrote a letter to clarify the situation, it did not satisfy his detractors.
One week later, the long-awaited
Day of Protest arrived. More than
1,000 students filled Vancouver's
downtown streets, 300 of them
from UBC, to protest the cuts and
make the public aware of the problems facing education. The Vancouver march was matched by protests
across the country: 600 in Victoria,
3,500 in Edmonton, 3,000 in Montreal and 3,000 in Toronto, to name
a few.
On the lighter side of campus life,
students stormed the wall again, although one man later regretted it
after leaving the site with a broken
leg. Thousands participated in the
arts week apathy day, and slightly
fewer in the law students tricycle
But controversy still simmered on
campus. The graduate student association moved on autonomy, seeking to gain control of the Grad centre, but was opposed by the administration and a small group of grad
students. An independent management report found that the administration had mismanaged the grad
centre, and after the grad student
opposition was found to have published fake letters in The Ubyssey,
grad students voted overwhelmingly
in favor of a new constitution and
autonomy for the society.
Also trying for autonomy was
The Ubyssey. But the final tally after a week long referendum showed
that while support was present for
editorial autonomy, quorum was
not reached to carry the decision.
Students opposed financial autonomy for the newspaper.
As the month drew to a close,
students found that summer jobs
were scarce, job seekers numerous,
and the decision to cut $5.7 billion
from EPF a guarantee of higher tuition fees and less aid. "I may not be
back if I don't get any money this
summer," said one student.
This past year is marked mostly
by funding cuts and increasing student awareness and protest of them.
Month after month, further cuts
were announced, proposed or
modified, but by the middle of February students appeared to be almost inured to their consequences,
until the March protest revived vocal interest.
Despite the threat to its very existence, though, student life continued much as it always had, marked
with political spats, triumphs and
pratfalls and the annual events such
as storm the wall, boat races, and
th£ Arts '20 race.
But if next year's cuts are anything like this year's, it may well be
that student life will take a far different turn, and one that seems to
be only for the worse.
See vou next vear?
medals in the Olympics. Now the
athletic department must find the
funds to insure the rowing teams
have adequate equipment. Klavora
is a former member of the Yugoslavian national team and is now a
Canadian national coach.
The worst move the athletic department could make would be not
rehire Dale Ohman as the men's
volleyball coach. Ohman is a masters student who graduates this year,
and the athletic department is trying
to find the funds to keep him on
next year. Ohman is developing national and international players and
it would be stupid not to rehire him.
RICHMOND 273-5929
VANCOUVER 688-2481
SURREY 585-0733
If you have successfully completed any of the following subjects you could
qualify for partial or complete exemption in the applicable R.I.A. course
listed below.
MARK OF 60%, or equivalent, in the relevant subject identified.
University of British Columbia
11 Introductory Accounting
12 Economics
13 Communications & Case Analysis
14 Data Processing
22 Commercial Law
23 Organizational Behaviour
24 Taxation
29 Intermediate Accounting I
31 Cost & Management Accounting
32 Quantitative Methods I
33 Quantitative Methods II
39 Intermediate Accounting II
41 Advanced Management Accounting
42 Financial Management
43 Advanced Financial Accounting
51 Accounting Information Systems
52 Internal Auditing
53 Management: Processes & Problems
Com. 151 or 350 (L) or 351 (MBA)
Econ. 100 or 301 (MBA) or 302 (MBA)
Engl. 100 plus graduation
Com. 291 or 336 (MBA)
Com. 331
Com. 120 or 323 (MBA)
Com. 355
Com. 353
Com. (354 + 358) or [352 (MBA) + 556 (MBA)]
Com. (110 + 211) or 318 (L) or 311 (MBA)
Com. 212 or 418 (L) or 311 (MBA)
Com. 353
Com. 358* + 454*
Com. 271 or 373 (MBA)
Com. 453* or [Com. 552* (MBA) + Com. 553* (MBA)]
Com. 356 or Com. 534 (MBA)
Com. 455
No equivalent subject
(Lj - Licentiate Program
(MBA)    = Master of Business Administration Degree Program
I would like more information on the R.I.A. Program of Studies. Could you send me a list of the
courses I would receive exemptions in (transcripts enclosed) and a registration package.
The Society of Management Accountants
of British Columbia
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Tel	 Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 13
Paula Ross: a Sunday's child
"The artist is like Sunday's child — he
alone sees spirits. But, after he has told of
their appearing to him, everybody sees
them, " wrote Goethe in one of countless attempts to justify and explain the ways of the
artist to society.
Paula Ross, founder and choreographer of
the Paula Ross Dance Company and an 18
year veteran of the Vancouver dance scene,
has devoted her life to interpreting the spirits.
The depth and breadth of her insight overwhelms many a theatergoer. We enter a
world of dance that is breathtaking. Ross
probes the universal wound in all of us.
One of the most singularly impressive
aspects of Ross' work is that the viewer does
not remain a mere observer. We become the
embodiment of a reality that we hesitantly
move into, that we feel in our depths.
Ross has reached her choreographic prime
and is receiving nationwide acclaim. The interview was held at the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre where she recently finished
an engagement.
Your name has become s>nonymous with
Canadian dance, the reviews have been excellent, you're working on a film — you've
blossomed into an exciting and creative
Has it been a struggle?
Yes. I would like to think the struggle isn't
over yet. The primary sense of the struggle
has been the lack of room necessary to
choreograph. We weren't working in a
theater like the Vancouver East Cultural
Centre. We began by performing in our
theater cubicle space at the studio on West
This led to the audience, the dancers and
myself becoming uncomfortable with the environment where the performance was. It
simply wasn't big enough. Therefore I'm enjoying the whole repartie of it here.
How old were you when you first began?
My formal training began at the age of six.
I was on the road at fifteen. At the age of 24 I
decided to choreograph and came home. I
have been here ever since. The most purely
creative time in my life was probably when I
was a kid — six, seven, eight years old. I've
always tried to redefine that throughout my
teens to my 50s.
What are the themes, feelings and ideas
you're trying to express in your work?
I don't think they're translatable. We
started years ago by calling it visual poetry
because it seemed to be catchy. At that time I
wasn't quite sure what I was looking for in
communication. But now I've changed the
visual poetry world to universal tribal
metaphor. I'm trying to communicate sensibilities and feelings that don't have words
for me.
Being part Indian, how extensive is your
use'of Indian images and symbolism in your
I don't have any knowing sense of Indian
symbolism in my work. Artistically, I express
myself for myself. We're living in a world so
strong and small. There are so many varying
degrees of inhumanity and so many different
issues. One's breeding doesn't have a lot to
do with any of it. Of course I am very interested in Native rights but I don't think one
necessarily has to be a breed Indian to feel
strongly about Native rights. To some extent
Indian symbolism probably appears in my
work since I feel strongly akin to my family,
not to natives per se.
Your work has been criticized in some
quarters as having a quality of "suppressed
violence about it." What is your reaction to
this criticism?
I don't have one. I think most things have
to do with the society we have built and most
things are suppressed. Including the architecture. We have grown a 250 year old spillover
of cement on the North American Continent.
To express 'suppressed" in the theater is
pretty wonderful. That a dance can express
that without it being through the intellect but
through a unit as a kind of metaphor, I'm
pleased. If they are pertaining to Coming
Together — (it does show suppressed
I wouldn't like to hear that comment with
regards to Paulatics, Embracable You, To
An Unseen Friend or one of the lighter
pieces. They aren't really lighter are they?
But they have a different loving quality in
You mentioned that you have a family.
How do you manage financially to keep the
company alive ami yourself going? Is there
government funding available? Is it sufficient?
My feeling as an artist is that I cannot
blame the government and its funding, nor
the public, if I choose to do an art while having three kids and not a lot of money to raise
I think as a pro "essional woman 1 have to
take my lumps in the same way as if I were a
mere choreographer and single. It has been
very difficult but :o this point in time there
has been no other way to do it. In a lot of
funding areas you must bring in 25 per cent
of the box office n order to get the money
you need. I am not in control of that. My
mandate is to choieograph to the best of my
Yes. I think that the designing of colour
and wardrobe is visually very important. I
don't believe in sets. I like to play with shapes
and ephemeral qualities that don't last. Just
like structures in dance only last for minutes.
I like that feeling of minutes.
In Strathcona Park it seems to me that
there was an interesting use of symbolism in
the sense that the female dancers were wearing long, flowing capes and the male dancers,
the masks. What was behind that?
I don't know what's really fully behind
that except for my vacations in Strathcona
Park. But I do have an over-simplified sense
of how I see many women. I see women as
having a pure gift of civility. Men have a gilt
of diplomacy.
alive and well in Vancouver
I have a confession to make. As an audience member on four successive evenings,
my understanding of your work did not
become fully developed until after the third
viewing. Then it was love at first sight! Is this
I think that if someone sees my work four
or five times they would find the metaphors
almost irresistable. However, a lot of the audience of the Paula Ross Dance Company
come once and they don't give it another
shot. Out of the audience that comes on first
viewing, we're maybe getting 15 to 20 per
cent of them in the ensuing visit. In the third
and fourth viewing it's down to maybe five
but those five per cent are there all the
time.That's how we've stayed alive all these
Would you say that people today are more
aware of dance?
I don't see how.
Well with technology and money being the
way it is ... I just don't see enough dance.
Dance was a pure, expressive form reflecting
how the family and everything in the past got
itself together. I don't feel that our society,
with all the distractians coming in on people,
could be as keyed to movement.
Tell us about the company and its structure. During the past 15 years, you have frequently changed dancers, except for a few,
such as Leslie Maiming . . .
Anne Harvey and Don McLeod have been
with the company far nine years. All of the
dancers in the company with the exception of
one in this season happen to come out of the
training at the school The Paula Ross Dance
Company cannot b; discussed as a dancer
learning technique.
Some people beccme permanent members
and stay with it like Leslie. It's wonderful
because we're all g.iing the same way and
that's what holds us together.
What else besides instructing the dancers
does your job as choreographer involve? For
example, do you do the lighting and
One can deal with the beauty of Strathcona
Park in other essences when men, under the
form of diplomacy, who have power and
play a chess game, because of their civility,
have a tendency to react to situations like
that compassionately.
At one point in the piece the men are gently
enveloped by the women's capes and we see
men and women unify into one: a complete.
Visually this presents an image of the women
as protectors . . .
I don't think it's as much the protector as
it is this relationship between men and
women since the beginning of time. It never
ceases to astonish me how molded we are.
The simple fact of the matter is that during 40
years of life, most of which I have spent married, one realizes that through the struggle of
one man and one woman you can see a struggle through everything.
One sees where the trouble and emotion
and misunderstanding can come about. On a
macrocosmic scale I think that we're all
pathetic; that we can't feed the children of
the world. Maybe that's where the frustration comes from in a lot of my work. It
makes me desperate that children can starve
to death.
Tell me a little bit about The Bridge. The
costumes are magnificent, exuding mystery,
sharpness, contrast. What inspired you?
I want to be able to share a fun way to
dissipate a very strong pattern. Webster's dictionary says choreograpny is the design of
dance. Some of the designs in my mind can
be very, very fascist. They can be so strong!v
developed and so precise that the preciseness
doesn't act as the metaphor of communication for one little thought or feeling. Between
the dancers and myself, 1 wanted to take this
immense look in costume and play with it.
Knowing it's only a dance; making it very
human in the end.
Do you have a favorite piece?
Every season I have a different piece.
Which is it this season?
f's Strathcona Park. 1 am really thrilled at
the response to Strathcona Park. It is a piece
without music, reflecting the elegance of the
performers. Its strings are so concentrated
that if the artist drops those strings on the
floor, it becomes an unbearable 15 minutes
of boredom. The dancers hold it and they
have not let it drop. To see eight people care
very much for a work and not drop their strings is to me a wonderful gift.
The upcoming film. Tell us about it.
It's very exciting. I don't know which
category the film fits into but David Rimmer and I have had a very exciting year on it.
Co-operatively, it's been magic. We have
done Coming Together, you know,
choreographing a two minute circle, 15
seconds to the angle, all 360 degrees and its
got to be there! Condensing it to 10 minutes
whereas the theater performance is 30
Then there's another part that started as
Strathcona Park but it is not Strathcona Park
... at the moment I can only think of it as
Red Is The Colour Of My True Love's
Roots. I don't even know why 1 say that except it makes people laugh. Maybe I heard it
in showbusiness years ago but I think it's
such a wonderful title. It deals with
Strathcona Park and living in B.C. Coming
Together is a blockbuster on the film, Red Is
The Color Of My True Love's Roots is quietly significant visually.
Being an 18 year veteran of the Vancouver
dance scene, what does it mean to live on the
West Coast?
I'm happy here. I belong here. Maybe that
has to do with the sea, the mountains, my
people or watching the town change. I really
feel it's mine. To have a dance company on
the West Coast financially, administratively
and everything is madness! I mean I'm mad
— 18 years of madness. I mean how do you
keep a dance company that long? But that is
what people don't understand. I didn't keep
the dance company going, the dance company kept itself going all that time.
For the first 12 years we had no funds, but
our halls were always full. I was not very
honed in those years but I was very creative.
That held. The dancers would hang in as long
as they could, having to work day jobs and
then doing night rehearsals. The dance company will always be here as long as there are
dancers who can struggle for it and I can be
of service to create dances for them. But I
cannot foresee in the future allowing the
elements to exist that would make the company into an institution. That's a very
dangerous wire to walk on.
What happens when Paula Ross decides
to retire?
I wouldn't like to see my choreography
carried on because I do have a feeling which
sounds a little bit naive, although I don't
mean it to, and that is I don't believe in
death-dances. I like what the (George) Balan-
chine company did to the Firebird. I like to
think of all the things I do as being in little
periods of time. The performing art is
precious. Precious meaning it doesn't have a
self-life. As long as there is a relationship
where dancers want to dance my work and
people will come and see it, it will stay very
healty and very alive. Films and video, that's
a totally different kind of communication
but it isn't the same as live. I mean, 'Go
home and watch it on television you can see it
closer' — that kind of mentality is taking
over. People are accostumed to the great sets.
Technology has made it so that you've got
great equipment for the ears and everything.
That's wonderful, but it's not as wonderful
as the real thing. There's nothing in this
world like sitting in Ihe front row watching a
live performance! Film and video, those are
different changes in vehicles.
To coin a phrase, is dance well and alive in
I think dancers and choreographers are
alive and well in Vancouver. I don't know
about the other arts. But I do know that I am
alive and very well in Vancouver.
Anything else?
Yes. I would like to add that when I first
started choreopgaphing we wouldn't have
been able to manage without the UBC Alma
Mater Society that brought in dance performances to the little theatre by the cafeteria.
The students that were interested in the arts
would invite us to perform there, fight for
money, extra lighting, a gallery show to go
along with it for us, without the help of those
students in '64 up . . . we wouldn't have gotten, we wouldn't have been able to . . . there
wasn't any place to perform. Page 14
Friday, April 2, 1982
Food for thought in Andre dinner
GREGORY . . . Andre as actor and character
In My Dinner with Andre, two men who
haven't seen each other in years sit down for
a dinner conversation, and talk about life for
more than 100 minutes. The illusion is that
these are real individuals, not screen
characters following a very clever script. For
half the appeal of My Dinner with Andre is
the subtle theatricality that goes on between
the two.
Wallace Shawn and Andre Gregory, who
wrote the film, and who as Wally and Andre
are the central figures in it, have a delectable
prospect at hand: to treat the audience to a
modern Platonic dialogue, a dialectic in
which the non-verbal communication is as
important as what is being said. My Dinner
with Andre must be one of the most impressive films ever made because of what
it does with film structure.
But at first glance, Louise Malle's film appears to-have the least innovative structure,
after all, what is so special about having a
two camera set-up and cutting back and forth
between the two men as they have a fine meal
and talk about their experieces? Everything
because My Dinner with Andre is no ordinary meal — and no ordinary film.
Both Andre Gregory and Wallace Shawn
belong to the theatre. Gregory was once the
Manhattan theatre project's acclaimed direc
tor, whose production of Alice in
Wonderland ran for over five years in New
York. Wallace Shawn is a writer who has had
five plays produced, most of them at Joe
Papp's public theatre. Shawn and Gregory
are friends, and what they have constructed
in My Dinner with Andre is a thinking man's
joke, an elaborately clever game friends
sometimes concoct at parties to fool
My Dinner with Andre
Written by Wallace Shawn and
Andre Gregory
Directed by Louis Malle
Playing at the Bay
The pretense for the film is Wally's first
meeting with Andre in more than four years;
he is anxious, uncomfortable. Even before he
meets Andre, he expresses concern about
their scheduled dinner date. "The whole idea
of meeting him made me very nervous," he
says. "I mean I really wasn't up for this sort
of thing. I had problems of my own." He
may even be feeling guilty about seeing Andre. "After doing my play, something had
happened to Andre."
The Andre Wally sees is not the same man
he knew four years ago. His first words to
Andre   are,   "You   look   terrific."   Andre
undercuts him immediately: "Well, thank
you, I feel terrible," he says.
As Wally and Andre sit down for dinner,
the purpose of the excercis becomes clear. It
is elaborated in Andre's story about his experiences in Poland with Jerry Grotowsky,
the great director, who, like Gregory, left the
mainstream theatre to set up the fringe
groups interested in improvisation. "What
you are doing, in fact, is asking those questions that Stanislavski said the actor should
constantly ask himself as a character — Who
am I? Why am I here? Where do I come
from? and Where am I going — but instead
of applying them to a role, you apply them to
yourself," he tells Wally.
These are the questions the two figures ask
themselves during the course of My Dinner
with Andre. Andre and Wally are Laurel and
Hardy figures transplanted in a near-
Beckettian world. The physical differences
between Andre and Wally initially make
them seem like stock theatrical figures whose
features reveal their personalities. Shawn's
dumpy demeanor and jovial face make him
out to be immensely likable and identifiable;
he's the Everyman figure set up as a foil for
Andre's esoteric narratives about redefining
the human self. Andre, on the other hand, is
ascetically slim and intellectual — the
modern guru who once abandoned the city
and went to Tibet to live in a monastery.
When Andre pauses during his narratives,
all Wally can say is "uh-huh," "Yes,"
"Right," and "Mm-hmm." Wally doesn't
pretend to be bewildered because he is stupid.
Rather, his "brief" remarks become biting
satiric comments on Andre's spiritual spools.
To Wally, Andre is so caught up in trying to
live life spiritually, he's off on a tangent, saying things that frequently lose their
cohesiveness. When Andre suddenly says, "I
really feel that everything I've done is horrific, just horrific," he astounds Wally,
whose first response it, "My God — but
why?" Wally is the materialist, the Epicurean
to whom comfort is an electric blanket.
For the first hour, Wally says almost
nothing; he lets Andre do the talking. Wally
starts talking when Andre asks him if he ever
expresses his feelings about what people say
to him, and then it is Andre's turn to listen to
his friend. The conversation soon turns to
art, and the theatre's social function. "I actually do believe that the theatre can be very
important — it can actually help people come
in contrast with reality," Wally says.
Andre and Wally are characters on film,
not people captured in a documentary about
two friends having a conversation. Although
much of what is said in My Dinner with Andre is, in the final analysis, fictitious. Part
of the confusion of character and actor is obviously intentional. Andre's statement about
Stanislavski and the necessary interior inspiration for the actor is a clear allusion
to Andre and Wally.
The thesis behind such an approach is that
Andre and Wally have become performers,
actors who are giving a performance as well
as indulging in one between themselves. But
what the film has to say about such pretense
is important. Even in this deliberate play acting — and one can just imagine how much
fun the participants-screenwriters had with
the material — truths emerge. Andre may
sound pretentious and hollow, but he makes
an impression on Andre. The last lines of the
film come from Wally, who says, "When I
finally came (home), Debby (his girlfriend)
was home from work, and I told her
everything about my dinner with Andre."
Almost nothing in Andre's arguments is
particularly original, but their effect is surprisingly enlightening and thought-
provoking. Sometimes, it takes us a moment
to catch the drift of Andre's narratives, and
we feel lost — like Wally. It is not that we
consistently identify with Wally, because part
of the film's pleasure is that it very neatly
distances us from both characters and compels us to look at them objectively. This is
what film historians frequently like to call
"degree zero" (to paraphrase Jean-Luc
Godard) in describing the effect New Wave
films have on viewers.
We feel with Andre when he makes a passionate plea for a new theatre movement.
"Plays are great, but what kind of plays are
appropriate today? It's very confusing.
Because, for instance — for instance, I think
if you put on serious contemporary plays by
writers like yourself," he tells Wally, "you
may only be helping to deaden the audience
in a different way. I mean, there was a time
when contemporary plays of a certain kind
would have had a prophetic function and
would have been warnings to people, but
now I think there has been such a degeneration, and the world is so dark and cold, that
even those works which once were outcries
against darkness can now only contribute to
the deadening  process."
Louie Malle, once an assistant to Robert
Bresson, has his master's understated style of
filmmaking. Who could not like the subtle
and illiterate allegory in his previous Atlantic City? It may take you a little while, to
realize it, but My Dinner is an elaborately
structured film. For example, every course in
the meal is brought at a particular time in the
convesation — the progression of the dinner
is directly proportional to the progression of
Andre and Wally's discourse. And the waiter
who serves Andre and Wally appears to have
no real function at all as a character, but he is
exactly the kind of man Andre fears humanity is becoming. The consistently tortured
look on his face confirms Andre's observations about the state of urban man.
After seeing the film, you may feel inexplicably exhilarated, compelled to tell friends
and colleagues about your dinner with An-'
Clark's Porky's big hog—like Red Rag
Imagine yourself reading the
Red Rag.
Imagine yourself reading the
Red Rag despite the warning on
the cover.
Imagine yourself laughing at
jokes inside the Red Rag.
Imagine yourself liking the Red
Rag and thinking it a harmless little publication.
Imagine yourself liking
Directed by Boh Clark
Playing at Odeon
Porky's is a new comedy
directed by Canadian Bob Clark,
whose previous credits include
Murder by Death and Tribute. To
hear Clark talk about his film,
you'd think Porky's was just
vulgar version of American Graffiti. It isn't.
Porky's, which attempts to deal
with a group of adolescents, takes
as its premise the notion that back
in the '50s, back in the good old
v days,   young   men   were   "wild,
crazy," and fervently heterosexual — as movies of the age and the
latter beach blanket bores tried to
convince us. The men of Angel
Beach — talk about echoes of
nostalgia and bad movies — continually engage in outrageous sexual antics. They visit Porky's, a
strip joint-brothel, get kicked out,
and then take revenge and display
their homegrown, all-American
machismo. Boys were still boys
back then.
The lack of awareness for the
social milieu of a period is appealing and more than a little disturbing. Porky's is so caught up in its
own sexual antics, it pays little attention to the values it is promoting.
As Clark has stated, Porky's is
a "rites of passage" movie, a film
about growing up as a young
American in the '50s. "The milieu
in which I grey up was sexist,
racist, and that's the world I'm
trying to reflect," he recently told
a group of North American college press writers in Los Angeles.
"The mythology of the era has
much relevancy as Greek
mythology," he says.
Seeing Porky's though, you'd
never realize that Clark had
anything more serious in mind
than graphically depicting a few
adolescent fantasies on screen.
There is a an outrageous shower
scene in the film that is bound to
leave most of the audience in stitches, amazed at the film's daring
What is most offensive about
Porky's is its portrayal of women.
Despite Clark's valiant attempt to
defend the film, it is clear that the
film perpetuates sexual myths
about women that most men probably accept. Because Porky's is a
comedy — and not a subtle one at
that too — one is likely to enjoy
its humor and loose awareness of
this film's stereotypical portrayals. The major female
characters in Porky's are all nymphomaniacs; for example, one is a
high school senior who embarrasses her date for wearing a contraceptive, another is a gym
teacher who wails in the men's
locker room and finds the men's
gym strips intoxicating; and
another, Miss Beullah Ballbricker
(Nancy Parsons), is the moralistic,
frigid instructor who lashes out
passionately at the end of the film.
Also, the film deals with anti-
semitism by having as its token
Jewish character a young man
with a prominent, wealthy family,
and a flashy red Jaguar that sets
him apart from all other
characters. He is also the smark
one who teaches the gentiles the
right way to seek revenge against
Porky's. Who ever said Jews
aren't wealthy, skillful, and
smarter than any gentile on the
face of this earth?
Coming out of a downtown LA
theatre on a Saturday afternoon,
most writers found the film offensive, a few thought the film had
funny parts, but all were inclined
to dismiss the film, saying it was
purcK for the Stripes crowd. The;,
gave it too much credit. Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 15
White's characters plausible and real
Recently many women novelists, forgotten
by mainstream publishers in their own time
have been "rediscovered" and reprinted.
One such author to resurface is Antonia
White whose novels were first published in
The four novels recently reprinted by
Lester and Orpen Dennys follow White in
fictionalized biography from age nine to 23
through her school girl days, a bad marriage
and mental collapse. White began Frost In
May, her first novel, when she was only 16.
Of the four, it is her most intriguing novel,
giving an unusual perspective to the classic
school days stories.
Nanda Grey describes her life at an English
Catholic convent for young girls in the 1900s.
The Five Wounds is a highly regimented institution where Nanda's life is regulated in
everything from the novels she reads to the
"christian" positions for sleep. Any deviations from the exacting norm are severely
punished through a system of deprivation
and guilt.
. intriguing insight
"Nanda would have liked to stay on in-
definately in the quiet chapel, but there came
the business-like click of Mother Frances'
'signal.' Already she was learning to obey."
And during a visit with her parents only
five days after coming to the school, Nanda
blushes scarlet when her mother remarks on
her new hair style. "Nanda had been at Lipp-
ington long enough to know that personal
vanity was the most contemptible of all
The children's days are punctuated by
prayers and patterned after the ritual life of
the community. Every small sin is noted by
the nuns and the children are publicly scolded
for them; every child strives for an Exemption, a week free frorh imperfection.
"As a result of all this, Nanda developed a
nice sense of piety. She really did begin to live
all day long in the presence of the court of
She even learns to dress according to
Christian modesty; even in the privacy of her
cubicle she never allows herself to be entirely
naked. She washes with cold water instead of
hot, cleanses her mind of any vain thoughts,
all in the presence of the watchful sisters.
Even friendships between the girls are
discouraged and Nanda is forced to spend
her time with her rivals to strengthen her
character. But instead of fighting against the
system, the girls seem to grow within it. At
the age of nine, Nanda is grappling with complex questions about the dilemas of
Catholicism and enjoys the mental exercise,
but they never completely break her spirit.
The indoctrination is so thorough that
when Nanda is expeTed from the convent it is
because she has written a novel about sinners
who are converted to the faith. Unfortunately the sisters find the novel in its infant
stages; where Nanada has only described the
sinful acts of her characters before reformation.
When Nanda is expelled, she is overwhelmed by a sense of guilt which culminates from
the ingrained thoughts and actions of the
community. Sacrifice is the over-reaching
spiritual food.
In one scene, the girls are taking their
afternoon walk, each with their tea time treat
of stale bread with jam. In her excitement,
Nanda drops her bread in the dirt.
"Mother Poitier stopped and picked it up;
then exacting a rusty penknife from her enormous pocket, she carefully removed any pebbles from the bread and jam and held it up
with an inviting smile.
'Now here is a nice little penance for someone,' cried Mother Poitier gaily. 'Who
would like to eat this nice bread and jam. In
the seige of Paris our holy Mother and her
nuns ate bread even the rats would not
touch.* "
comes home from school because her grandfather has died.
"Everything that happened to Clara in The
Lost Traveller is the sort of thing that happened to me, though many things are changed and many invented. I wanted The Lost
Traveller to be a real novel — Frost In May
was so much my life," White writes in the
The second novel incorporates Clara's
relationships with her mother and father who
earlier remained peripheral characters.
Clara's mother flirts with an Irish school
teacher who is employed at her husband's
school. They discuss their love for each othr
but never consomate the relationship.
Clara's father, who was previously
depicted as a cold intellectual, becomes a
much more human and sympathetic
character. It is his fierce love for his daughter
which drives him to deal with her sternly and
here remains the household patriarch.
Clara goes to a new school'and is teased
unmercifully by the other girls about her inability to play game and her academic excellence. She is forced to choose between the
two rival factions; the Brainies and the Hearties, and she remains an outsider.
CLARA . . . White's heroine grapples with theological dilemmas
"Mother Guillemin had laid down the
school rule that, during their first years, the
children were to be gently coaxed into good
and pious habits Dy a system of small
rewards. If small children came to associate
what was morally good with what was
physically pleasant, the good habits would
become fixed and remain in after years."
Nanda's friend CI ire is a stark contrast to
her role as "baby theologian." Clare is
warm, sensual and delights in disobeying the
rules. Her very corporal presence goes
against the grain in the cloistered community.
"Clare's touch embarassed and delighted
Nanda; it gave her the queerest sensation in
the roof of her mouth. Why was it that when
everyone else seemed just face and hands,
Clare always reminded one that there was a
warm body underneath her uniform?"
Nanda is confused and continues to puzzle
about the dilemma between a corporal and
spiritual existence long after she leaves the
convent. In her third novel, The Sugar
House, she is married but wants to have an
annulment. It is interesting that the word
"sex" never appears
In the second no\el, The Lost Traveller,
the character has changed her name and aged. At the end of Frost In May, Nanda
returns home disgraced with expulsion from
the school. In the second novel it is the beginning of the first world war as Clara Batchelor
When she graduates from school, she is
restless with her oppressive life at home. The
house is ruled by her father and Clara is
bored with her adolescent life, but luckily she
receives a job offer.
A generous, wealthy Catholic family looking for a governess for their child "who
desperately wants someone to play with,"
comes to the rescue. Clara travels north to
the family estate and lives with the mother
and child in a blissful cloistered atmosphere.
But tragedy strikes and unfortunately
White handles the episode with heavy hands.
The jealous, faithful housekeeper attempts to
murder Clara when she realizes that the son
Charles has died in an accident.
As a solution to the guilt which she feels is
overwhelming her, she agrees to marry
Hughes-Follet, the childish war veteran who
completed the nursery trio with she and
Charles. But the wedding never takes place
because Clara's mother wisely persuades her
to forget it.
White's second novel does not have the insight and intrigue of her first. The days spent
at Lippington, the regimentation and
mystery of Catholic ritual is recounted
without need for fantastic plot or drama.
Nanda's intellectual grapplings, her pseudo-
sexual relationships with her friends and the
wrap of guilt she grew up with make a far
more interesting novel. Clara's distress seems
contrived by comparison.
Of the first three books in her series, White
considered The Sugar House (1952) to be the
best. The book's strength lies in White's
acute sensitivity in both the descriptive
passages and the plausible, engaging
Clara is now soundly enmeshed in her first
love affair. While travelling with an acting
company, she corresponds with pompous,
self-preoccupied Stephen Tye, who is in
another troupe.
The whole affair is rather one-sided: Clara
is deeply infatuated, and Stephen strings her
along by mail for several months. Finally, he
condescends to come and visit her. Their
strained reunion is handled with
psychological skill reminiscent of Ibsen. The
dialogue is simple:
"Do you think I'm a heartless character,
She said slowly: "I am inclined to wonder
sometimes. Not that it matters, I suppose."
"If I laugh at you, don't I laugh at myself?
If I torment you, don't I torment myself
"Something in his tone jarred her. The
words sounded like a line from a play. He
spoke them as if listening to the sound of his
own voice; almost as if he might repeat them,
trying a different inflection.'
White's awareness of the subtle nuances in
a conversation, shown not only her dialogue
but also by incisive narrative comments
throughout, gives the characters their three
Betrayed by Stephen, Clara turns once
again to Archie, with whom, four years
earlier, she had broken off a marriage
engagement at the last minute. When he first
reappears in her life, she is confused and
Here again, White displays her knack foi
detail, no less evident in her descriptive
passages than in her dialogue:
'Her whole body seemed to harden against
the ugly young man who sat with his head
bent forward, staring at the mess of cigarette
ends among the crumbs of his roll. Coldly she
noted every detail of his appearance that irritated her; the large, slightly inflamed nose
that looked, from an angle, like a clown's;
the flakes of scruf on his untidy red hair.'
Before we have time to think how it could
happen, Clara marries Archie. (This is not a
slip on White's part, but rather a reflection
on Clara's degree of desperation.) The rest of
the story focuses on their ill-fated marriage,
doomed from the very start when Archie
becomes irretrievably drunk on their wedding
Archie is well-intentioned, but his
alcoholism and child-like lack of responsibility lead the couple directly into abysmal
poverty. The 'sugar house,' Clara's and Archie's claustrophobic marital abode, seems
like a theatrical set to Clara; no more than an
extension of her former acting experiences.
The bills pile up, Archie's drinking increases, Clara's motivation to write declines.
The bleaker reality becomes, the more unreal
her life seems:
'The pink walls and blue check curtains
mocked her with their arch brightness . . .
Those pink distempered walls had the texture
of sugar icing: she was reminded of the sugar
house in which Hansel and Gretel were trapped.'
See page 29: NOVELS Page 16
Friday, A
If you look too deeply
into the abyss,
the abyss will look into you.
"Tonight ... I want to speak to you of
peace in Vietnam, and Southeast Asia." So
began the nation-wide television address in
which Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th president of the United States, announced he
would freeze U.S. troop levels in Vietnam,
and seek a negotiated settlement with the
It was March 31, 1968 and the war had not
been going well from the White House perspective. The United States had an army of
543,400 in South Vietnam to guarantee "security" in the region. The air force flew a daily average of 500 B-52 bombing missions over
the Ho Chi Minh trail in an attempt to slow
guerrilla infiltration from the North. Until
recently a majority of the American public
really believed "progress was being made in
But everything changed early in 1968. The
U.S. marine outpost of Khe Sanh came under
siege in January, and every night for two
months agonizing reports of how many had
died that day in the bitter fighting were
broadcast into American homes. Then on the
eve of Tet, the Vietnamese New Year, 80,000
Viet Cong insurgents suddenly appeared
within cities all across South Vietnam and began a simultaneous attack.
The two attacks demonstrated that little
"progress" was being made in Vietnam, and
public opinion reversed. After Khe Sanh and
Tet a majority of Americans questioned if
the war really could be won and whether the
cost was worth it. Even before, in the fall of
1967, 50,000 people had demonstrated at the
Pentagon. The next spring, the house of representatives passed a resolution that Congress
immediately review U.S. policy on Vietnam.
And when Walter Cronkite called for a negotiated settlement, President Johnson, watching the news in the Oval office, purportedly
In the same address Lyndon Johnson
shocked even his closest aides when he said
he would not seek re-election to a second
term. The war was said to have torn him
Johnson escalated the war in Vietnam to
protect his cherished "Great Society" legislation, consisting of civil rights and social welfare bills, from a right-wing reprisal in the
house if he "lost" Vietnam. But from the beginning he felt trapped, and said, "If we get
involved in that bitch of a war, my Great
Society will be dead."
In the end, Vietnam made the man elected
by the largest landslide in U.S. history a one-
term president.
These events surrounding the turning point
of American involvement in Vietnam occurred when most of this generation of university
students were under 10 years old. It is likely
that most of us hadn't even begun paying attention to international events at the late
stage of Richard Nixon's "peace with
honor" address in January 1973.
Clearly this generation didn't witness the
events of the Vietnam War, except perhaps
on a subliminal level. We are the children of
the '70s who came to voting age with the advent of new wave, Jimmy Carter, and the
"age of scarcity."
Films such as Apocalypse Now, The Deer
Hunter and Coming Home, offer a general
sense of the horror and injustice of the war in
which two million Vietnamese and 57,000
Americans died. But questions remain.
How did the United States get drawn into
the quagmire of Vietnam and make such colossal errors for such a long period of time?
During its 20-year involvement the United
States spent $140 billion of its national resources on a hopeless cause. How was the
world's wealthiest and most technologically
advanced nation stalemated in a war against
a country which had one-tenth its population, one-seventieth its land area, and a gross
national product that was 400 times smaller?
The United States committed more than
half a million troops to the war in Indochina,
That* Fit le Print"
Stye Jfatr |fork Siwes
Nickerson Race Confused
Increase m War Costs Johnson Sets No Time: I
Lyndon Johnson ". . . in the
turned to an aide and said, "If I've lost Walter, I've lost Mr. Average Citizen."
Thus, the president's announcement of de-
escalation on March 31 was tantamount to an
admission that the administration's policy on
Vietnam had been bankrupt. In the words of
aide Will-am Bundy, they had come to realize
"there was not a military solution that was
possible within the political capacity of the
United S»ates ard the American public to
carry it through." Indeed the United States'
problems had begun when it tried to impose a
military solution on an essentially political
end he lost the most
and dropped eight million tons of explosives
(quadruple the amount used in the entire Second World War), but was continually frustrated in achieving its objectives.
But the most important question of all is
what lessons do the answers to the previous
questions entail for this generation, and for,
the older ones who don't seem to have understood what Vietnam was all about?
Michael Maclear's The Ten Thousand Day
War provides an excellent overview of the
conflict. Based on the television series of the
same title aired on PBS and NBC, Maclear
has made an ambitious attempt to write the
definitive popular history of the Vietnam
war. Like the television series, the book is
composed of interviews with many of the
principle participants — former Secretary of
State Dean Rusk, General William Westmoreland, Arthur Schlesinger Jr., Daniel
Ellsberg, Jerry Rubin and Alexander Haig, to
name a few.
The Ten Thousand Day War begins with
an episode which, when viewed in retrospect,
seems a strange quirk of history. It tells of the
encounter between the first American soldier
assigned to Vietnam in April, 1945 and Ho
Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh, founder and symbol of the Vietnamese independence movement, had travelled the world looking for
support for his cause, and thought communism offered the best path for his people. But
before anything, he was an ardent nationalist.
When Ho Chi Minh was imprisoned by the
Chinese Nationalists for being a communist,
the United States secured his release. He even
did some intelligence work against the Japanese for the Office of Strategic Services afterward.
During the war Ho Chi Minh organized a
ragtag band of guerrillas, the Viet Minh, to
fight Japanese occupation of his country,
which had superseded the 80-year-old French
occupation in 1940. With the U.S. now sharing similar objectives, they sent Major Archimedes Patti to aid and train Ho Chi Minh's
guerrillas. In just one month Patti's team
trained 200 future leaders of* the Viet Minh!
When Japan surrendered on Aug. 10,
1945, the Viet Minh declared Vietnam independent with themselves as the government.
The United States was the only foreign government given a place of honor during Independence Day ceremonies.
Ho Chi Minh sent a message to the American people through Patti: "The Vietnamese
love the Americans ... we look to you because of the history of your revolutionary
war. You promised so many things after
World War I and World War II . . . the Vietnamese would never fight Americans." In
the final report of the OSS before it disbanded, it recognized Ho Chi Minh as Vietnam's
only legitimate leader.
Maclear points out with ominous foreboding how the U.S. would ultimately rotate 2.8
million troops through Vietnam and fly
350,000 bombing strikes to stop Ho Chi
Minh's movements. Repeatedly throughout
1945 and 1946 Ho Chi Minh cabled Washington asking for recognition, citing the Atlantic
and UN Charters on self-determination. He
received no response because events were
moving the United States away from supporting the indigenous sentiments in Vietnam.
The French, anxious to reassert themselves
as a great power after humiliating defeats in
World War II, reinstalled Emperor Bao Dai
in the South, and rejected Ho Chi Minh's call
for a "one-Vietnam" referendum in 1946.
The hostilities degenerated into eight years of
war which ended with the climactic defeat of
the French at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. After
the defeat the Americans gradually replaced
the French, but did not heed the lessons the
French learned in fighting the Viet Minh.
The idea the French had at Dien Bien Phu,
after a frustrating seven years of fighting the
guerrillas and suffering 74,000 casualties, was
to draw the enemy into conventional battle
where the French would surely triumph. So
they set up the bait, the garrison at Dien Bien
But they ignored the oldest rule of military
strategy — always take the high ground. The
garrison was in a valley vulnerable to artillery, but the commander confidently announced the Viet Minh did not have artillery.
Maclear provides a detailed account of
how the Viet Minh spent months fortifying
the surrounding hills for a siege of the garrison. Thousands of peasants on bicycles carried rice to the soldiers through freshly hacked jungle paths. And to the ultimate dismay
c     i-
War Dead   1965   1 9C6
US    6 516
South Vietnamese    7 1 COO
V.et   Cor*   15000G
O        US tr-o
of the French, 200 Soviet and Chinese artillery pieces were hauled manually, by rope, into the mountains.
Beginning in March, 1954 the Viet Minh
artillery pounded the French for 55 days.
After the French surrendered they signed the
Geneva Accords along with the Viet Minh
and six other signatories, partitioning Vietnam and calling for a referendum on unification within two years. The Accords did not
establish a political boundary, which helped
leave the road open for another 20 years of
Because of the scope of Maclear's book, he
is not able to delve very deeply into the
broader questions of why the United States
went from its 1945 position of supporting
self-determination for the former colonies to
combating it. Many say the United States experienced its first Vietnam in China, though
not on the same scale. The United States had
supported Chiang Kai Shek's nationalist
forces in the civil war against Mao Tse
Tung's revolutionary army.
As the civil war heated up in the immediate
post-war period and pressure mounted on the
United States to do something, one after another of the greatest generals, such as Matt
Ridgeway and George Marshall, and the best
minds at the state department, such as John
1961     1962    1963    1964    1965
Troops were sent to protect the bases, UBC Purports editor Albert Banham interoiews a smiling student about conditions at UBC. Studefits had the usual enthusiastic
response to class size, course quality and rapport with the Administration. "Im iust singing in the rain," sang the cheerful student,
symbolically folding umbrella to demonstrate that students can withstand the current bout of   bad weather" to hit post-secondary
education. Students at UBC are generally very witty and happy.
Bachelor of money making available
from Socred school which will
replace frivolous Arts education
Undergraduates interested in receiving
monetary benefits from their studies will
be able to enroll in a new program
designed to encourage entrepreneurs, a
corporate representative announced
Amway (Canada) Vice-president
Whirling Dervish called a news conference
to present the company's plans for a four-
year program in entrepreneurial skills,
sponsored by Amway and run through
Vice-President Dervish described the
program, which would result in graduates
receiving Bachelor of Science degrees in
Money Making, as "a boon to the free
enterprise spirit that epitomizes all that is
good about this province." The Money
Making degree is styled on a
entrepreneurial work/study program
offered at the University of Southern
"The idea is to create businessmen with
the Right attitude toward running a
business," Dervish told an audience of
three senior University officials. "In their
third and fourth years the guys would be
running their own businesses."
In a move calculated to soothe the
radicals on campus who always find fault
with even the noblest ideas, Vice-
President Dervish told the officials that
some women would be allowed in the
program if all the spaces weren't taken up
by "enterprising young men."
He assured the men present that
Amway would not try to influence the
program once the University takes it on.
"We just want to be able to provide
guidance when it is needed," he reiterated.
"We could help set up some of the first
years with their own Amway franchises,
for instance," he declared
The program would come into effect
next September, with 15 students. "If
there's a real rush, we may be able to get
a few fast food operations going here,"
Dervish expostukited. "A little
competition would really help this
campus," he further added.
News of the pctential program was
greeted with approval by the Board of
Governors. The Board members, many of
them esteemed businessmen themselves,
commented that incentives were necessary
to get students motivated in building up
the stagnant provincial economy.   "One
often hears complaints from the Arts
faculty and that scurilous rag The
Ubyssey that we aren't doing enough for
them" one Board member commented.
"Well it's good to hear that some students
will be able to take direct action to solve
our problems."
The member, who preferred that his
name not appear in print, also said
classrooms that were being wasted
teaching frivolous subjects like Classical
Studies and English might be put to better
use by entrepeneurs, who after a few easy
lessons could open pinball arcades, bawdy
shops and a hotel in Buchanan Building.
"That building is underutilized," he
Amway representatives have asked
President Douglas T. Kenny for space in
one of the University's many buildings.
Buchanan would be fine, they chirped,
but the Museum of Anthropology would
be much better. President Kenny will
announce his decision this summer, when
no radicals are around to complain.
Self defeating
high standards
to be replaced
by cheaper,
more realistic
Budgetary retrenchments are causing
minor inconveniences at UBC this year,
but the University is not sacrificing high
standards, President Douglas T. Kenny
announced recently.
As a measure of restraint the University
has purchased $80,000 worth of 20 foot-
high light standards to replace the highly
impractical ones presently in place.
President Kenny cited the change as "a
step toward further enlightening students
for less money."
The lights replace the lower three-
pronged standards which, depending
upon whether they had plastic or glass
covers, cost between S40 and $2,000 to
replace — and they were frequently
abused by basketball players and people
on stilts.
In a further effort to cut costs to the
bone, President Kenny decreed that more
information signs would be posted around
campus. Last year the existing referential
directional designators (signs) were
replaced at a cost of only $2,000 each.
Several signs were moved several feet for
as little as $800, to facilitate easier visitor
positive responses.
President Kenny's measures of
// it's not too much bother, please
turn to page 3
Gnus flash!
Typo endeers elk
to food committee,
antlers keep
it out of
mystery stew
Consternation ensued at the most recent
meeting of the President's Advisory
Committee On Food Services when it was
discovered that an elk had been appointed
to the committee.
Just as committee members sat down to
discuss possible changes in menu at the
Old Auditorium Cafeteria, a 1,200 pound
elk entered the room and took the place
held for the committee's newest member,
who no one had yet met.
Apparently a typographical error
resulted in the elk's receiving her notice of
appointment. The original appointment
was made to Anne Selke.
After committee members calmed down
they proceeded with the meeting, and the
elk began to contribute her comments.
Her unique perspective so helped the
committee in coming to its decisions that
it was decided the elk's appointment
would stand.
The committee recommended that Anne
Selke sit on another committee. UBC Purports April 1, 1982
Lavatory librarian gets in shit over complaints
A long-standing mystery has been
solved at Main Library. For years an
anonymous library employee has been
answering student complaints and
questions left in a box by the card
catalogues, and signing her name Jocelyn.
Recently some library outsiders began
to question just who "Jocelyn" was.
In investigating the matter,
Ombudsperson Grey McMatter discovered
that Jocelyn was actually an 87 year-old
former employee of the Library who has
been hiding in the women's lavatory every
night since she was forced to retire in
"I couldn't stand the thought of leaving
this library and all those students," Cora
Bookbinder said after being discovered.
"Each night I've gone through the
complaint box and offered my
suggestions. It's my way of helping out,"
the grey-haired granny said from her
compartment in the loo.
Miss Bookbinder said she had trouble
adjusting to life in hiding, but soon settled
into a routine that has kept her feeling
Arts Dean Robert Will practices for his upcoming battle with Patrick McGeer, Minister
of Universities, Science anil Television, to decide who becomes next UBC president.
"My right arm is firm." said the confident contestant. Dean Will is currently still locked
m arm wrestle with Minister McGeer  which is being referecd by the smiling University
President Douglas T. Kenny and hundreds of happy UBC students.
Vanguard to sell popcorn
Filmsoc hot to trot
In a surprise move Wednesday, UBC
Film Society announced it was merging
with the Trotskyist League club to
improve its schedule of films for students
Douglas T. Kenny
disgusted at rag, fires
the vile Ubyssey staff
UBC President Douglas T. Kenny
announced today he is firing all the newly
elected editors of The Ubyssey student
His statement followed a year of
coverage that Dr. Kenny termed "vile,
reprehensible, and outright disgusting."
The staff will be replaced by former Alma
Mater Society president Marlea Haugen,
Dr. Kenny said.
"I am sure that Marlea will provide
strong leadership to the paper, and
loyalty to the university administration,"
Dr. Kenny said today.
UBC Purports can say all these things
that Dr. Kenny is saying today, despite
the fact this paper was printed last night,
since the editorial policy of this paper is
written in Doug Kenny's office.
Filmsoc chair Dusan Maltmilk said the
move will be beneficial to all concerned,
since no one on campus believes that
either Filmsoc or the Trots have anything
of real value to offer students.
"It's like two wrongs making a right,"
he explained.
Maltmilk said the merger will
strengthen Filmsoc's ideals of collective
filmmaking.   "Filmsoc started the idea of
collective filmmaking and then those New
Wave shitheads came along and stole our
idea," he elaborated.
Maltmilk insisted that the ultra-leftist
group would not use Filmsoc's production
facilities to make propogandist films.
But Trots spokesperson Candu
Wishywashy blew a different horn.
Wishywashy, whose threatened bid to
join The Ubyssey editorial collective failed
because he forgot about nomination
deadlines, said, "Filmsoc will change its
name to Trotssocs, and everyone will
have a trotting good time."
The groups announced their first co-
venture would be I Was a Teenage
Outgoing president Doug Kenny
expressed concern about the merger, but
assured students he would instruct the
Board of Governors to wait 25 years
before doing anything.
fulfilled while earning her a meagre living.
She told Ombudsperson McMatter that
she rummages through the wastebaskets
for lunch bag leftovers, and steals the odd
chocolate bar by poking her gaunt arm up
the vending machines in the basement.
Miss Bookbinder attributes her
longevity to students' bad eating habits.
"They eat Twinkies and throw out fruit
and sandwiches," she said.
She became quite ill during a lean
period in the summer of 1977 when she
polished off a bowl of rat poison,
thinking it was outmeal. "I'm sure the
librarians would have left a note warning
me if they'd known I was around," Miss
Bookbinder confided selflessly.
Now that  "Jocelyn'' has been unmasked
the Library must decide whether to take
any action against her. Head Librarian
Neville Smith said he thought an
arrangement could be worked out.
"We may be able to give her her own
cubicle, if she promises not to steal any
more chocolate bars,    Librarian Smith
told UBC Purports.
Trying on new uniforms, Traffic and Security Officers get ready to tackle crime and
crooked parking on campus with their "new look." An independent design company
worked out the uniforms, which come in three interchangeable types. On left is the
Smokey and Bear Look, especially helpful for Officers who smoke a lot of cannabis.
The officers in the centre arc modelling the Keystone Look, which provides a high
profile for the security force. Officer Quack (right) is wearing the Wet Weather Campus
Cowboy uniform for use in ram. Uniforms will be distributed in time for September,
and Quasis will be ready to wade into the swing of things.
Profs go nuts over
research development
UBC research scientists have cracked a
tough nut. Professor of Agricultural
Sciences Browning A. Legume announced
Wednesday that research conducted on
campus over the last three years has led
to the development of a peanut containing
only one nut rather than the traditional
T have often wondered at baseball
games and in movie theatres about the
peanut's bi-nut nature," said Legume.
"What evolutionary quirk of fate led to
the peanut's stereophonic existence? This
led me to speculate that the development
of a mono-nut might shed some light in
this hitherto ignored problem."
Universities, Science and Technology
minister Pat McGeer said in a telephone
interview that he is a strong advocate of
this kind of research. McGeer, who is in
fact a professor at UBC and a renowned
neurologist, talked of the research's wide
ranging implications.
"Most people don't notice that things
often come in twos. Anything science can
do to inform us about the reasons for this
can only be most valuable. The structure
of the brain for example is similar to that
of the peanut. I haven't yet examined
Professor Legume's data but I'm hoping
there will be something there that I can
McGeer said he is very interested in
finding out if people can function with
half a brain.
Legume reacted strongly against
suggestions that his research has no
important economic benefits although he
admitted that the traditional two
chambered nut saves slightly on shells.
"The mono-nut will create a revolution in
light nut snacks!" he declared.
"The development of the mono-nut is
the most important discovery in
agricultural science since the development
of the gasless bean in 1977," he said. UBC Purports April 1, 1982
A lot missed
after Agi
A student prank ran awry last week
when a group of agriculture students stole
the University's new $3 million parking lot
and mislaid it.
Campus Security Officers noticed the
three-level structure missing last Sunday
morning after checking the Asian Centre
for intruders. "We're not sure whether
they took it (the parking lot) Friday or
Saturday," Traffic and Security Director
Tight (Ty) Money explained to UBC
Apparently the disappearance of the
parking lot, which has not yet been used,
was caused by agriculture students trying
to outdo the engineering students, who
hung a Volkswagen from the Lions Gate
Bridge in February. In an unofficial
comment, agriculture student John
Cruickshank said the parking lot was
accidentally misplaced somewhere
between the Asian Centre, where it was
removed, and the top of Walter H. Gage
Residences, where the students planned to
put it.
"We've been back over the route
several times, and can't understand where
it's gotten to," Cruickshank admitted. "As
soon as we find it we'll be sure to return
it. It's just a joke, okay?"
Professors take a
trip for a week
Although most students will be in class
next week, many professors have
indicated they may not be able to make
it. This situation came to light after
registrar Kenneth Young revealed that
classes end April 8, not April 2 as
indicated in the UBC Calendar.
A number of professors made plans to
be out of town next week, and many of
them will not be able to reschedule their
outings. Faculty Association Acting
Under-secretary in Charge of Finding Out
What's Going On, Dr. Pork Chops, told
UBC Purports that about 75 professors
booked a charter flight to Reno, Nevada
for the week and could not get refunds.
"We understand how some students
may feel, not having anyone there to
teach them, but it doesn't seem fair to ask
the professors to cancel out now," Dr.
Chops commented at Vancouver
International Airport Thursday. "If
anything serious comes up we can be
reached at the Hilton," he called out from
the airport waiting room.
Registrar Young recommended that
students who arrive at class and find no
professor take notes anyway. "Most
professors don't say much that makes
sense anyways," he advised.
UBC president Douglas T. Kenny
announced today he will be accepting a
position as a talk -show host on CKNW
radio after he leaves the university
presidency next year. Kenny was
accidently caught by UBC Purports
photographer Albert Banham during an
audition at the station's New
Westminster headquarters Monday.
Continued from page 1
budgetary restraint were hailed as
"positive forces in the fight against
creeping inflation," by University Vice-
president Michael Shaw.
In his continuing battle against no:
enough money for too many costs, the
President deigned to enlighten the
University community about the new plan
to improve access to the campus.
President Kenny announced to one jaded
journalist working for UBC Purports the
allocation of $500 lor the constructicn of
ramps for handicapped students and
cyclists. 'An additional $125,000 was made
available for road work linking the
university to the outside world. Reserve
funds of up to $50,000 may be freed up
for cutting down trees on University
UBC Chancellor J. V. Clyne inferred
that President Kenny's actions were
commendable. "Without further
information I must conclude that Doug's
got his shit together-," the former
chairman of MacMillan Bloedel said
UBC students won't have to pay $300
more in tuition next year as a result of a
$1.8 million program to replace all three-
light lamposts on campus with single light
posts. Physical plant director ]im Kennedy
told UBC Purports today the old posts
were continually being vandalised by
basketball players and people on stilts,
forcing the switch to the new higher
Hockey star Gretzky says
he plans to return to
school, but will Oilers let
hirn, and what about
the shopping centre?
Canadian hockey hero Wayne Gretzky
brought Edmonton Oilers owner Peter
Pocklington to his knees and UBC men's
athletic director Rick Noonan to tears of
joy when the magician of the frozen
ponds announced he was retiring from
pro hockey to pursue an education at
UBC in Slavonic Studies.
Pocklington offered to buy Gretzky any
degree he wanted and threatened to take
the Great One's shopping centre and
Gretzky's pet Dave Semenko away.
Gretzky countered saying he would prefer
the JBC Village tc the shopping centre
and was having trouble buying raw meat
to feed Semenko anyway.
Gretzky was offered every academic-
athletic scholarship but Noonan said
Gretzky couldn't get the Frank Gnup
award because the award for best first
year athlete only goes to football players.
The humble God said he has
accomplished everything in the NHL and
wants a challenge — like passing English
100. Because Wayne's foregoing his
salary, he intends to work in the Pit like
other athletes to pay for school. Oiler
coach Glum Lather was drinking with
Denny Boyd and was unavailable for
English 100
to be cancelled
UBC's Senate passed a resolution
Wednesday that eliminated English 100 as
a requirement to graduating from UBC.
President Douglas T. Kenny said "I
applaud the move on the part of Senate as
it will save a lot of money, not that we
face retrenchment or anything, and as it
will now be easier for students to
graduate, and get out of here."
To prove competency in English,
students will now have to write out the
first three lines of The Cat in The Hat in
less :han ten minutes. Coles notes has an
edition on the Seuss classic in the works.
The incoming head of the English
department, Professor lan Ross, said it
may create problems, "We will have to
retrain professors to enable them to
correct the new exam." Ross added that
he also applauds the decision. "I applaud
the decision," Ross said.
"11 the president applauds the decision
then I applaud it but don't quote me on
that until I talk to him," Arts Dean
Robert Will said.
"I ain't ever seen no reason people has
gotta take the course, all UBC students
am well at English cause they went to
high school like me," Dean of Applied
Science Martin Wedepohl said. "I applaud
the decision because clapping's fun," the
gregarious Wedepohl added.
Notices .  .  .
Bookstore Hours
The bookstore will be closed Wednesday and
Thursday for no particularly good reason. This
will annoy all of you who read this notice
which won't appear until Friday.
Faculty Club Exhibition
The Elender in Modern Abstract Art. Mixed
Media Works by Washy Bloosh are on display
at the Faculty Club until April 7.
Photographic Exhibition
Pictures that aren't big enough (6x6 ft.) by
Arthur Ericson of places he likes. On
permanent display in a building he designed.
Civil and Mechanical Engineering Building
Faculty and Staff Gold Tournament
The 26th annual UBC Faculty and Staff Gold
Tournament takes place on Wednesday, April
7 and fuck classes anyway at the University
Golf Course. All UBC faculty and staff, active,
radioctive and retired, are invited to tee off
from 9:30 a.m. till hell freezes over. Dinner
and bDoze thrown in for an extra $11 on top of
the ridiculous sum of $9. Call Doug Whittle at
228-5407 or your favorite servant at the
Faculty Club.
Healthy sperm shown swimming in
Aquatic Centre recently. Researchers
estimate that unless more sperm develop
fitness-conscious attitudes, there could be
population problems in future. Research
continues. Donations gladly accepted.
Nuclear power may
be part of campus
Nuclear weapons are to be built on
campus starting this summer according to
UBC President Douglas T. Kenny.
President Kenny said an agreement has
been struck with the federal Government
to construct live warheads of up to 5
megatons in an unused physical plant
Kenny said the explosives, which will
be capable of eradicating the entire
Western Hemisphere, weren't worth
Faculty members and other verbose
pedantic creatures wishing more
information about the following rant
grants should consult the Administration
Research Rant Deadlines circular which is
available in far too bloody many
departmental and faculty offices and
motel rooms. If further information is
required, call 228-3652 (external rants and
outcall bodysage) or 228-5583 (internal or
indigestive rants).
The Vancouver Board of Trade Tirade
Faculty Prize is awarded as rarely as
possible since the business community is
such a bunch of cheapskates. But if you
have distinguished yourself in the past six
months with exceptional ranting and
stupidity, the filthy lucre specialists may
consider you worthy for this
indeterminate financial award. Professor
Divinsky, you should apply by April 15,
or you will be out of luck.
University Research Grants 1982: Limited
funds but lots of free computer time are
available to faculty members good at
lying, looking innocent, and having
impartial boards of inquiry acquit them of
stealing. Make lots of money while under
suspension! Sincere faculty & instructors
need not apply. The deadline is April 15,
and any citizen kane apply.
Note: All external agency grant
application forms must be signed by the
Head, Dean, Dr. R. D. Spratley and any
close friends the applicant may have.
Applicant is responsible for sending form
to agency, after which he can be as
irresponsible as he likes. UBC Purports April 1, 1982
Calendar Deadlines
For stupid events in the weeks of April 12 and
18, don't submit material to us; you're better
off having it published in The Ubyssey. For the
FM 102
12:30 p.m. — Mini-Concert: A spotlight on
bands that will be on CITR's playlist now that
we've aced out CJAZ for good: This week —
3 p.m. — Melting Pot: Why this can be
preferable to simply rolling it.
4:30 p.m. — Everything Stops For Tea:
Nobody's signed up for this airspace so we're
gonna have two hours of dead air so we sound
clever and artistic.
7 p.m. — Beatoff: Sleazy commercial
entertainment Joe wouldn't let us talk about
until after we got by the CRTC.
8 p.m. — Mini-Concert: We've got a collection
of really warped 45's that we thought it would
be kind of existential to play on the air.
9:30 p.m. - 1 a.m. — The Top 40 Show: With
popular AM radio hits by greats like Barry
Manilow and Christopher Cross so we can get
more listeners.
11 p.m. — Final Vinyl: We play the last record
left in the broadcast room after the janitors
clean it up.
12:30 p.m. — Air Raid: The psychic we hired
has predicted a nuclear attack.
3 p.m. — Coming Out On Campus: Famous
campus criminals tell you how to beat the rap
in foreign countries and how to retain your job
forever with tenure even if you have embezzled
everything but the new Xerox machine in Doug
Kenny's office.
5 p.m. — Thunderbird Report: Reports and
interviews on The Vancouver Canucks chances
in the playoffs, Wayne Gretzky's records and
the Whitecaps hopes tor this year — campus
sports bore us ton.
0:15 p.m.        Insight: We try and tigure out
how to get the station to broadcast stereo it
the paper clips holding up the transducer ever
give out.
8 p.m.  — Mini-Concert: Debra Harry   - will
her solo career work it she forgets to bleach
her hair?
9 p.m.   —  Airstage: A radio drama with lots ot
slammmg doors, sirens and people trying to
force bad accents       we suggest tuning into
CKLG tor a couple ol hours.
!1 p.m.       Sales Wails: AMS ad office
representative recorded crying over tact there
are no ad dollars in a non-commercial station
and begging tor immediate appeal to CRTC.
12:30 p.m. — News. We used to read The
Ubyssey but now were gonna read The Sun
and Province.
6:10 p.m. — CITR's Weekly Editorial: We
come out in support of cutbacks cause the real
world thinks university students are just a
bunch of spoiled bourgeois brats anyway, and
we need listeners.
6:15 p.m. — Until We Get Bored Chimera: We
don't know what the word means either.
8p.m. — Mini-Concert: Spotlight on
innovative local bands like Loverboy and Doug
and the Slugs.
11 p.m. — Ghosts of CITR Past: Come back to
haunt us cause we're gonna announce that
alternative rock is dead and synthesizer
computer disco is where it's at.
12:30 p.m. — We Study For finals.
3 p.m. — We Tell You We Had Technical
Difficulties at 12:30.
6:15 p.m. — We go to dinner and then to The
8 p.m. — Dateline International: Why people
should take Ronald Reagan more seriously.
11 p.m. — Two hours of rock free
12:30 p.m. — Quicki-Concert: We play
country music at double speed so Dolly Parton
and Conway Twitty sound like Alvin and the
4:30 p.m. — Rage and Teens: Pretty fashion
perspectives with special interview with Muffy
Brandon and Calvin Klein.
23:30 — Isn't metric time weird?
incredibly stupid and boring events during the
same period, material must be submitted not
later than 4 p.m. on March 25. Too bad you're
reading this on April 2, suckers.
The Chris Bird Creative Writing
Scholarship — An annual scholarship in
the amount of approximately 5 per cent of
the biggest libel award in Canadian
History from the income of a fund
established under the auspices of the
Vancouver Bar Association from
contributions by members of the bench
and the bar, has been established to show
our appreciation for the people who make
lawyer's work interesting. (Available in the
1982/83 winter session).
The Pat McGeer is Wrong Award — A
one time only award of $100 to whoever
can find a country that treats its
universities better and $66.66 to anyone
who can prove Harvard really does pay
profs better wages than UBC. Established
on a dare on the Webster show.
(Available to anyone who can afford the
phone bills).
The Pacman Proficiency Bursary — A
grant in the amount of $500 (in quarters)
will be made to the student who shows
the greatest aptitude for conquering
computer games during final exams. This
award was established by Atari for the
1981/82 Winter Video Olympics.
The EPF Alternative Grant — The
government of Canada has made available
2,000 new grants to students in the
amount of $100 just so you can't say they
never did anything nice for students.
The Molson's Engineering Grant — Don't
worry, we'll just check the crests on your
sleeves and ask around to find out who's
The Robert Will Arts is Good But Has no
Relation to the Real World and certainly
isn't as Much Fun as Being University
President Immemorial Scholarship —
$100 to any student who can explain how
arts can get you a job and an additional
$100 to anybody who can come up with a
reasonable campaign strategy for a future
education minister.
The Bob and Doug Canadian Culture
Grant — This grant has been made
available by the National Identity
Committee of Canada and the Federation
of Quebec to any student who can prove
killing more than three people who have
used the words "hoser" or "eh" more than
twice in a single conversation.
The Adam Smith loves Karl Marx Limited
Bursary — an annual scholarship in the
amount of $500 (a bit less than half your
tuition if you're lucky) has been made
available through a Socred front group to
economics students showing a profound
interest in correct politics.
Karl Marx is Better than Adam Smith but
We're not Pinkos Grant — An annual
grant of $500 has been made available
through an NDP front group to political
science students showing a profound
interest in correct politics.
Send notices, bombs and junk mail to
Information Services, 6328 Memorial Rd. (Old
Administrators Building). For further
information call any number you like except
228-3131 because lim doesn't like the noisy
telephone bells in the office and they make his
head ache.
The Vancouver Institute
Saturday, April 3
The literary practice
of necrophilia
among certain
Malasian primitives.
Professor Cyril
Belshaw, UBC.
Sunday, April 4
Condensed Matter
Seminar: A Study
of Dr. Michael
Shaw's Brain. Dr.
Martin Wedepohl,
Both lectures in Lecture Hall 2, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre at 8:15 p.m.
Linguistics Colloquium.
How to Identify Bilabial Frickatives in
Southwestern Wales. Dr. Ian Goch, University
of Northeastern Wales. Hebb Theater, 7:30
SUB Films
Eegahl Admission is $1. Auditorium, Student
Union Building, 7 p.m.
Concert and Coffee House
Free concert and coffee house featuring the
Vancouver gospel group Judas and the Sexy
Sinners. Sponsored by
Union Building. 8 p.m.
Animal Husbandry Seminar
The Effect of Light Entertainment on Levels of
B Complex Vitamins in Holstein-Freisan and
Herford Crossbreeds and the Implications in
Terms of Modern Dietary Needs. Professor D.
Jersey, University of Guelph. Room 102,
Lasserre Building. 12:30 p.m. (not noonl).
Philosophy Seminar
Reality and the Perceived Event: Is Our
Presence in a Lecture Hal! a Physical or Merely
a Mental Reality. Dr. Bertrand Russel. Room
222, Brock hall. At your convenience.
Leon and Thea Koerner
Philosophy Lecture
Moral Dilema in Modern Society: The
Relationship of Double Bubble Bubble Gum to
the Wrapper. A discussion on the significance
of people who read the cartoon before chewing
the gum, as opposed to the people who read
the cartoon after chewing the gum. Doug
Kenny, a very concerned person, UBC. Room
126, CEME. 5:04 p.m. BYOBG.
No Matter Seminar.
A study of Martin Wedepohl's Brain. Dr.
Michael Shaw. Room 160. MacMillan Building.
3 p.m.
Christian Campus Ministry.
Why I Hate Doonesbury. Rev. George
Hermanson, the radical preacher who can talk
to the young. Lutheran Campus Centre. 6 p.m.
Sociology Workshop.
The Group Encounter. No leather, bring your
own rubber gloves. 11:30 p.m. UBC Aquatic
Comparative Literature Lecture.
There Are Big Words, Then There Are Small
Words: Multisyllable Grammatical Formations
for Utilization in Monolithic Writing
Endeavors. Dean Robert  "Squeaky" Will*
Professors and graduate students only.
Buchanan Penthouse. 7:30 p.m.
Medical Genetic Rounds.
Why There Are No Medical Genetic Squares.
Dr. David Suzuki will not attend. Fourth Floor
Conference Room, Acute Care Hospital. 10
Biomedical Lecture.
In Vitro Replication Directed By a Cloned
Bipodial Organism. Will be followed by limited
discussion of the argument against the moral
apptosvh. Sldo sn ouylinr og s ptohtsm got
swrlrtsyrf frbrlopmrny. Dr. Patrick Steptoe
IIIV, University of London. IRC 1. 12:30 p.m.
(not noon).
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Activated Sludge: Kinetic Model, a study of
UBC Deans and Administrators. Dr. David
Suzuki, UBC. Faculty Club Bar. Happy Hour.
Forestry Seminar.
How Wood You Like to Talk Good? A special
seminar for Forestry students. Friends of these
students should read this item aloud to them as
they will not be able to read this for
themselves. Dean W. Kitts of the UBC
Agriculture Faculty. Room 160, MacMillan
Building. 1:48 a.m.
Theology lecture.
The Spiritual Depression and the Economy of
Church Mergers: A Case Study. The
sociological approach is taken to the proposed
UBC Law Librarian and Front Specialist.
Sponsored by Christians for Communism and
the Red Salvation Army. Lecture Hall 1, Law
Building. 12:30 (not noon) p.m.
Nuclear Physics Seminar.
Non-Violent Mega-Kiloton Nuclear Reactions.
Secretary of State A. Haig. Ground Zero, Old
Administrators Building. Dawn.
Geophysics Seminar.
I Feel The Earth Move Under My Feet. Carole
King, musical geophysicist, UCLA. Room 220,
Geological Sciences Building. Mellow hour.
Chemistry Seminar.
How to Blow Things Up Good, Real Good.
Billy Bog and his fat brother, SCTV U. Salons
A, B and C, Faculty Club. 12:30 p.m. Special
guest: AC/DC.
UBC Public Affairs.
A Visitor Looks at the Vancouvr Urban Scene.
Mr. Harvey Rube, Armpit, Saskatchewan,
visiting used car and tractor salesman. Open
University, with host Gerald Savory. UBC
Centre for Continuing Education. Channel 10,
Vancouver Cablevision, 7:30. p.m.
Pediatrics Seminar.
How to Compress Babies, A Study in
Discipline. Dr. Gord "Baby Crusher" Miller,
Simon Fraser University. Woodward IRC, 2,
3:30. p.m.
UBC Purports is published every
second Wednesday by Disinformed
Srupidiry, UBC, 60 tee! along
Wreck Beach, Vancouver, B.C ,
V6T1W5, Telephone 228-2307   Al
Banham, editor   Lone Chortle,
calendar editor   lim Hunter,
contributing dipstick. 12, 1982
Page 17
N        A
2?     The WAR in
Patton Davies, declared the situation hopeless.
While Mao's forces in the countryside had
high morale and the support of the population, Chiang's armies in the cities were corrupt and factionalized. After the inevitable
disintegration of the nationalist forces in
1949, the Truman administration was accused of "losing" China by not intervening militarily. Later these accusations would be exaggerated by Senator Joseph McCarthy into
charges that China was "lost" because the
state department and even the administration
was riddled with Communists.
In a way the chickens came home to roost
for the Democrats, who had expanded the
ideological dimension of the Cold War with
the Truman Doctrine in 1947. It asked that
Americans join in a global commitment to
fight communism, and was used as a ploy to
get budget-slashing and isolationist Republicans to approve increased defence expenditures and military aid to Greece and Turkey.
It also helped boost the popularity of the
president, but at the cost of a rigidity and
conformity which would pervade U.S. foreign policy for a quarter-century.
The Korean War in the early '50s solidified
absolutely American perceptions of national
liberation movements in Asia and elsewhere.
The Cold War paradigm of a monolithic
20 JAN 69
\ 284.0
1 DEC-184.0
i 11 i t 11 i i i
.966    1%7    1968    1969    1970    1971 72
Communist world was reinforced when the
Chinese intervened on the North Koreans'
behalf. The view that the Communist aggressor could be properly dealt with by the
use of force was corfirmed. And the U.S.
was drawn into the region militarily, committed to defending not only Korea, but Taiwan
and the Gulf Islands with the Seventh Fleet.
With the Eisenhower administration :ame
statements such as, "The freedom we defend
in Europe is no different than the freedom we
defend in Asia." The administration underwrote the French war against the Viet Minh
by more than one billion dollars in an effort
to contain Chinese expansion. (It has been estimated that the French spent in Vietnam
what the U.S. gave if through the Marshall
plan.) Eisenhower and his secretary of state,
John Foster Dulles, ignored the fact that Ho
Chi Minh was anti-Chinese, and agreed to an
allied proposal after the war to replace
Chinese troops in the North with French
troops. Maclear describes him as "angrily
rounding on pro-Chinese elements in his government: 'You fools! Don't you remember
your history? The last time the Chinese came
they stayed one thousand years. The French
are weak.' "
But with the increasingly interventionist
United States into its most damaging and
humiliating war.
Perhaps what guaranteed deeper U.S. involvement in the war more than any other
thing was a morale-boosting excursion by
vice president Johnson to Vietnam, at Kennedy's request. Johnson, reluctant to go to
Vietnam, was reassured by Kennedy: "Don't
worry Lyndon, if anything happens to you
Sam Rayburn and I will give you the biggest
funeral Austin, Texas ever saw."
In Vietnam, Johnson campaigned among
the villagers, and gave Diem personal assurances of American support. Johnson became
personally involved in the issue. He called
Diem the "Winston Churchill of Southeast
Asia." (Later asked if he really believed that,
Johnson answered, "Shit man, he's the only
boy we got out there.")
Maclear places great importance on the
work of Doris Kearns, who worked on Johnson's memoirs at his ranch: "The leader of
the free world admitted to his biographer
that his decision to commit America to war in
Asia was essentially based on maintaining
public approval. Johnson felt he was trapped
from the beginning by the Eisenhower-
Kennedy rhetoric of America as the global
policeman and that his domestic goals and
political base would be lost in any perceived
to be happening because of a radar malfunction.
In an interview with Maclear, Ellsberg
says, "Johnson wanted to underline by
bombs, by a little killing, the threats he was
already making to Hanoi.
"At the same time he didn't want to reveal
the threats which did indeed foreshadow an
endless war of enormous proportions. So
Tonkin Gulf seemed to give him the perfect
opportunity to carry out a little bombing
while not suggesting it was part of a larger
program of bombing — which it was."
This largef program of bombing was code
named Rolling Thunder. The idea was to use
superior U.S. air power to put pressure on
the North to stop its activities in the South,
without having to use troops. But troops had
to be sent to protect the bases, and then more
troops were sent to back up those troops.
Most of the guerrillas in the South originated
there. The North didn't begin sending troops
down the Ho Chi Minh trail in significant
numbers until the U.S. entered the war en
masse. By escalating the conflict, the U.S.
created what it was trying to stop.
So Rolling Thunder would escalate. In the
next six years, 2,235,918 tons of bombs were
dropped on the Ho Chi Minh trail in an attempt to stop guerrilla infiltration.
Chicago 1968: "The police marched across the field swinging their clubs and chanting 'kill, kill, kill"
ten more were sent to protect the troops
policy of the Eisenhower administration, as
exemplified in Iran and Guatemala, the U.S.
moved to train and equip a 243,000-member
South Vietnamese army after the French exodus. The U.S. threw its support behind Ngo
Dinh Diem, a Catholic aristocrat in a country where over 80 per cent of the population
were peasants and Buddhists, as their man
for prime minister of South Vietnam. In 1955
Diem won the post v/ith 98 per cent of the
vote in an election rigged by his brother's
goon squads. Diem brutally repressed all opposition, especially tie Buddhist agitators.
As attacks increased against the regime in the
South, the United States sent 300 advisors
and increased financial aid to preserve freedom and democracy in Southeast Asia.
With the coming of the Kennedy administration, many saw the: promise of a new age
in American policy. Perhaps the country
could now move away' from the simplistic
Cold War assumptions of the Eisenhower
and Dulles years, and adopt a more imaginative approach to the world. The charismatic
young president had attracted some of the
most brilliant intellects of the nation to his
administration — McGeorge Bundy, dean of
Harvard, Robert MaeNamara, president of
Ford Motor Company, Arthur Schlesinger
Jr., John Kenneth Galbraith, and Ted Sorenson. David Halberstam called them ' 'the best
and the brightest" in his book of the same
But because of the many crises of his first
year in office, such as the Bay of Pigs fiasco,
Kennedy didn't have tie confidence to depart
from the policies of the past. When guerrilla
activity increased in the South, and Diem's
regime became even more repressive and corrupt, the Kennedy administration responded
by sending 4,000 Special Forces commandos,
and then later 10,000. In the end, David Halberstam says, "they lost it all." The administration, first under Kennedy, then under
Johnson, took the final steps in heading the
failure of this foreign policy."
Maclear compares the tactics used by
Johnson to prevent "failure" as the foreign
policy equivalent of Richard Nixon's Watergate: "The deception of the public and congress for political self-preservation." The
best example of this deception is the Gulf of
Tonkin affair.
The official version of the incident is that
the destroyer Lester P. Maddox was attacked
by three North Vietnamese torpedo boats in
international waters on Aug. 2, 1964. When
it was later joined by the C. Turner Joy, both
destroyers reported they had suffered unprovoked attacks in international waters. This
second attack was used as a pretext to launch
a retaliatory bombing strike against the
North's oil depots at Vinh.
Thus, in the: United States' first direct action in the war, 10 per cent of the North's oil
supply was destroyed in 10 minutes. When
the president was told the smoke had been
seen rising 10,000 feet at Vinh, he remarked,
"I didn't just fuck Ho Chi Minh; I cut his
pecker off."
Then the administration used the attacks
to get Congress to grant the president wide
powers in terms of deploying troops and
ordering bombing strikes. Johnson never
mentioned any intention of escalating the
war, even though the Pentagon had already
drawn up extensive bombing plans. Rather,
he argued that Congress should pass the resolution quickly, that "we were going to face
this little country of 17 million people with
the great might of the United States, and they
will clearly be inclined to settle, and there
won't be a war."
What actually occurred in the Gulf of Tonkin, as revealed by Daniel Ellsberg and the
Pentagon Papers, was that the two destroyers
were actually inside North Vietnamese
waters, running covert raids against coastal
facilities. The second attack, the pretext for
the bombing of Vinh actually only appeared
Michael Maclear was one of the few Western journalists who visited North Vietnam
during the bombing. He provides a fascinating account of how the people still managed
to survive and fight a war. Troops moving
down the trail would eat only rice, wild roots
and leaves. Political cadres were assigned to
each platoon to maintain morale. Base camps
were constantly shifted. Pontoon bridges
could be collapsed and hidden in 15 minutes
with the warning of approaching planes. A
corps of 50,000 youths constantly repaired
the roads after the bombings.
The entire countryside was mobilized. Artillery had been scattered deep in the mountains. With such a defence, it is estimated the
U.S. killed only one infiltrator for every 300
bombs it dropped, at a cost of $140,000.
Maclear describes how entire cities literally
went underground. He describes the city of
Vihn Linh, "a complex of villages which haa
burrowed 30 feet beneath its former location
along the 'Demilitarized' border. Linked by
tunnels, this community was officially said to
number 70,000 people and to extend for several hundred kilometres. For successive years
these people tended the crop land and repaired the border supply routes at night, and
abandoned the earth's surface by day to the
ceaseless air strikes. Children born below the
earth were cradled in cots in the wells of deep
shafts where the light hardly filtered; they
were carefully exposed to the sun for a few
minutes each day."
The United States has estimated that
roughly 200,000 civilians died from the bombing of North Vietnam. Hospitals and
schools in city centres were not spared. One
province, Ha Tinh, was bombed 25,529 times
— about one air strike every 90 minutes for
1,500 days.
In mid-1967 defence secretary MacNamara
wrote   President   Johnson   a   portentious
memo: "There may be a limit beyond which
See page 18: ROAD Page 18
Friday, April 2, 1982
Road is open for
more Vietnams'
From page 17
many Americans and much of the
world will not permit the United
States to go. The picture of the
world's greatest super power killing
or seriously injuring one thousand
non-combatants a week, while trying to pound a tiny backward nation into submission on an issue
whose merits are hotly disputed, is
not a pretty one."
Yet at any suggestion of a bombing halt, Johnson would say,
"Bombing halt. I'll tell you what
happens when there is a bombing
halt. I halt and Ho Chi Minh shoves
his trucks right up my ass. That's
your bombing halt."
Meanwhile in the United States,
and elsewhere, anti-war demonstrations grew in size and number. Most
people were beginning to believe
that if the U.S. was really fighting
for freedom, they were helping the
wrong side. Civil rights groups, the
Students for a Democratic Society,
the Yippies, the Black Panthers,
and later the Weathermen, joined in
the anti-war fight.
The brutal tactics of the police in
repressing the social protest,
parallelled the oppression of North
Vietnam by the same U.S. government. The battle lines became
confused. The war was brought
home; America became the guerrilla society. This became clear at
the 1968 Democratic convention in
Chicago, when 25,000 police and
National Guardsmen swept through
Grant Park, viciously attacking
some 5,000 demonstrators.
Jerry Rubin says Chicago "was
an education about Vietnam, about
oppression in the ghettos, about the
whole use of physical force to solve
social problems. By forcing
America to over-react at home we
were spotlighting the over-reaction
of America in Vietnam."
But the most tragic over-reaction
would come on May 4, 1970 when
National Guardsmen opened fire on
demonstrators at JCent State
University in Ohio, and killed four
students. Days earlier, the president
had called demonstrators at Yale,
Berkeley, and Stanford "bums." In
the ensuing pandemonium after
Kent State, 450 campuses were closed.
From the time Nixon took office
he was only concerned with "saving
face" in Vietman, He continued the
bombing campaign, removing
many of the restraints of the Johnson years, to gain a military edge
for bargaining purposes. Although
he gradually withdrew troops, Nixon also ordered a catastrophic invasion of Cambodia. The cosmetic
"peace with honor" the administration presented in 1973 didn't last
more than two years. Saigon fell on
April 30, 1975, 10,000 days after the
first American soldier went to Vietnam.
Much more could be said about
Vietnam. In his conclusion Maclear
suggests the road is open in the
United States for more
"Vietnams." For us it is important
to remember that the U.S. didn't
win the Vietnam War because it is a
culture obsessed with techno-fix
solutions. And techno-fix solutions
didn't work against a whole society
with a long history of "uncompromising nationalism" committed
to fighting a total war. The troop
levels competed with the North
Vietnamese birth rate. With every
bomb dropped, the resolve of the
North Vietnamese people became
It is important for this generation
to note that H. R. Haldeman,
former Nixon aide, says in The
Ends of Power, that the anti-war
demonstrations effectively restrained Nixon from extending the bombing even further and using the
atomic bomb.
With the situation in Nicaragua
and El Salvador being pitched in the
old Cold War paradigm, it is essential for the public to take to the
streets to prevent another Vietnam.
The present secretary of state,
Kissinger protege Alexander Haig,
said of the savage 1972 Christmas
bombing of Hanoi: "I would have
hoped we could have gone a little
longer." He's always said that Vietnam "was more of an East-West
issue," and that the U.S. "should
have dedicated the full range of its
national power to bring about a
successful outcome." But perhaps
what is creating more panic than
anything else about the possibility
of another Vietnam, is that people
are recalling that often quoted
statement of the current president,
regarding the war — "If it takes a
bloodbath, let's get it over with."
American ballet
The Pennsylvania Ballet completed a four day visit to Vancouver
Sunday evening. In all, some eight
different ballets in four separate
programs were presented.
The programs were cleverly
organized so that each had to be
seen in order to cover all eight
ballets. Such a ploy could very well
have been infuriating if it wasn't
such a pleasure to watch this company perform.
In spite of financial difficulties at
home and a disappointing turnout
at the performances here, the company was in fine form. They are indeed a very able bunch of young
dancers. The women in particular
excel in both technical and dramatic
The ballets presented a variety of
dance, from the modern and avant-
garde to the old and classical. In the
latter category was the second
act of the ever popular Swan Lake.
Tamara Hadley as Odette, Queen
of the Swans, was a sheer delight.
She danced with stunning sensuality. Her every movement spoke with
feeling. Hadley's performance
alone made an evening worthwhile.
Also on the program was Moor's
Pavane, a classic of contemporary
dance based on the story of Othello.
This work, created in 1949 by the
modern dance pioneer Jose Limon,
was if nothing else at least interesting as a museum piece.
Moor's Pavane is a ponderously
dramatic ballet. There is much
wrenching, grasping and knashing
of teeth. It may have been the first
time the open hand was used for
dramatic impact, and Limon certainly made use of it wherever
possible. The style of this ballet is
perhaps a bit heavy but it is very effective as dance drama.
A particularly popular piece on
the program was Margo Sapp-
ington's Under the Sun. It is a
fairytale ballet inspired by the
mobiles of American artist Alexander Calder.
Under the Sun is a beautifully
constructed ballet. It is colorful,
sensitive, humorous and sensual. A
specially commissioned score by
composer Michael Kamen adds further to the effectiveness of the
piece. Again it was Tamara Hadley
whose exceptional performance as
Corolla made the ballet memorable.
Other ballets on the Vancouver
tour included Scotch Symphony
and Square Dance by George
Ballanchine, Joyce Houlton's
Galaxies and an anarchistic modern
piece by Senta Driver entitled Reset-
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Page 19
In The Legacy there is a wooden
box with the figure of a raven on it.
On the wing of the raven there is a
lopsided humanoid face. But if you
look at the face as a profile the
feathers of the raven's wing become
a beak and the once humanoid
features transform themselves into
those of another bird.
These visual puns are an important characteristic of north west
coast Indian art. The Legacy: Continuing Traditions of Canadian
North West Coast Indian Art currently on exhibit at the Museum of
Anthropology is brimming with
consummate examples of the art's
complex style. One might think that
the tradition has finally secured its
future and is no longer threatened.
But Indian art is not as healthy as
exhibits like The Legacy might imply. There are many faces in this art
that are hidden by its overt success.
Most of the problems lie in the
form of its popularity, which is par-
The success of North west coast Indian art
is finally undeniable, the problems
are simply inevitable.
old material. The museum's budget
for acquiring new material is less
than $2,000 per year.
"The Vancouver Art Gallery, by
excluding this art, is denying the individual artists the measure of
credibility that collection by a
public gallery provides," Young
And because the concerns of
museums are not primarily aesthetic
but anthropological there remains
down on your hands and knees.
That's unfortunately typical of
"Tht art is caught in this peculiar
situation, not so much here but in
other nuseums, it's subservient to
the ide;, of trying to recreate the life
processes of these people.
"1 don't understand why it's not
just considered primarily an art
form. 1 don't understand what an
anthropological approach  to it is
carves  replica of Masset pole
tially rooted in white guilt, and has
resulted in a patronizing tourist-like
curiosity rather than serious critical
appreciation of the art's complex
"Artists are working against a
tradition of selling art to tourists
that goes back over a hundred
years," says David Young, owner
of the Bent Box Gallery. This
climate, which has Haida carver
Robert Davidson wondering
whether people buy his art because
it is good or because of the color of
his skin, is of great concern to
The pigeon-holing of north west
coast Indian art — as folk art, important only in the context of the
culture that produced it, is a problem that is not only confined to
public attitudes.
Young explains: "Right now we
have a situation where the National
Gallery in Ottawa and the Vancouver Art Gallery specifically exclude Indian art from their acquisition programs. The National
Gallery says that's the function of
the Museum of Man and the Vancouver Art Gallery says Indian Art
is the preserve of the Museum of
Anthropology at UBC."
But when Young informed
Museum of Anthropology director
Michael Ames about the Art
Gallery policy, it was news to him.
Young was told the museum's
policy in terms of acquisition is not
to buy new material at all but to buy-
no public arbiter of what is truly
valuable as art.
In a hall in the Museum of Anthropology after a press con Terence
to reveal the designs of some ancient houseboards, artist Bill Reid
discusses the problem. "One of the
differences between an art gallery
and a museum is that a lot of stuff
that would be discarded as having
no aesthetic value whatsoever is still
included here."
"Artists are
working against
a tradition of
selling art to
tourists that goes
back over a
hundred years."
As an example of the museum's
lack of concern for aesthetics, Reid
points to an exhibit in The Legacy
itself. "This box's design is dependent on your being able to see all
four sides of it. But you cat only
see about one and a half if you get
really — you study the societal conditions that produced it — but
that's the same thing that's studied
in any art history."
Another problem faced by north
west coast Indian art grows out of
its highly stylized nature. First of all
the apparent repetitiveness intimidates people and discourages a
critical approach. Reid adds that it
makes it easier for somebody to
produce something that appears to
be the real thing. "Because the rules
have been set down it's not that difficult. Any competent draftsman
can do it. It's what you bring to it
that's important."
He says there is always, a danger of
reworking the forms in unexciting
ways,, "There are pedestrian works
in the 1 3th century and pedestrian
works in the 20th century. I'm
responsible for some of them."
Young concurs, saying his own
objective is to try and separate out
the good material from the hollus
bollus. "Right now you have a
situatior where you have six true artists and 194 technicians. There are
a lot of people who are just
manipulating old designs." Young
goes to the back of his south Granville gallery and returns with a
magazine that shows three nearly
identical prints of sea otters. There
is even a carving in The Legacy obviously derived from one of those
In the Museum of
Anthro aology's    carding    shed
behind the Totem Park residences
Haida carver Jim Hart leans on the
pole he's carving and muses about
the inhibitions that a highly stylized
art form place on the artist. He emphasizes the importance of working
from a firm understanding of the
classical forms, motioning to his
work, which is itself a copy of a
19th century Masset pole. He points
out that there are very few people
who are really familiar with the
Haida tradition — he names Bill
Reid and Robert Davidson. Hart
feels a lot of Indian artists would
benefit from that kind of
understanding. "A lot of guys,
they're good carvers but they don't
know about the traditions. They
don't care about the ar: of what
they're doing."
Another factor that contributes
to the profusion of mediocre art is
that it is economically important to
many people in need. But of course,
as Hart points out, there is a dilemma. "My mother produces a lot of
commercial stuff. She really doesn't
know an awful lot about what she's
doing but she turns a good buck doing that. So who's to come along
and say 'What the hell do you think
you're doing?' " It's a problem
made that much larger by the fact
that the critics are usually white.
The damage that can be done to
the credibility of Indian art by commercialism has never been more evident than it is in the current print
market. Some dealers won't touch
north west coast Indian prints
because of lack of standards.
"What's limited about a limited
edition of 600?" one dealer asked.
David Young shares the concern.
"There's been a rather vast inflation of the size of editions. This is
primarily because of pressure from
the tourist market which wants
cheetp .prints. The only way to
satisfy an artist who wants more
money is to print more, whereas the
real test of quality is to raise the
He says that standards set in 1977
to limit editions to 200 and print only on high quality rag paper are being slowly eroded.
This problem is not helped any by
the fact that white prints are the
most marketable Indian art; they
are for many artists simply a source
of income that allows them to do
other things. Certainly this is the
case for Bill Reid, whose own prints
were some of the first to be mass
"Printmaking was never my
main interest, but they help pay for
other things — the pole at Skidegate
(a volunteer project for a Haida
community in the Queen Charlotte
Islands) and this work for the
museum (recreating the designs of
old houseboards). I also hope to be
able to do some research and
writing, things which don't provide
any income.
"This sounds terribly altruistic
but 1 started making prints because
my metalwork prices were getting
high and people wanted something
they could afford. So I put those
things on the market for twenty
bucks. There were big editions, 600
prints. That's how the phenomenon
began. It was a very strange occurrence but I was happy to take advantage of it." And take advantage
he has. His editions of 200 prints
sell out before they are produced at
$1000 each.
"The morality of the whole thing
is confusing. Without thinking
about it I'd say I sometimes wish
I'd just stuck to contemporary
jewellery-making that has no social
implications and doesn't involve a
people in such dire economic
Jim Hart appears more interested
in the pole he's carving than in the
fact that there's a little exploitation.
"Prints are bread and butter work
for a lot of artists. There's commercialism in all art. Even
Michelangelo had people telling
him what to do and political hassles
with the families he worked for."
The dilemmas remain for the artist. Should one throw money out
the window in the name of artistic
integrity? Should one seek the approval of a predominatly white art
community and abandon the Indian
heritage that spawned the art to
begin with, or should one produce
only for the Indian community and
contribute to the folk art image that
handicaps the tradition. In between
of course is the distasteful spectre
of 'professional' Indians dancing
for a white community — willing
parties to the superficial patronage
that serves only to ease white guilt.
Perhaps the thought occurred to
some printmaker when he tucked
the face of some raven/trickster
under the wing of another bird that
the pale face of entrepeneur would
emerge from that of the Indian artist when he took his work to
In any event, the fact that there is
a legacy of problems is at least
testimony to the gathering strength
of the revival of north west coast
Indian art. Twenty-five years ago
nobody was interested at all.
KILLER WHALE BOX . . .  Bill Reid's legacy in gold Page 20
Friday, April 2, 1982
h ri s-, /   ( i       of* I    ' Y
Preppies live
Once upon a time, in a really pretty city, there was a big happy community just west of Blanca Street. The cheery students who went to
school in this protected green spit of land were contented with their simple
Wearing cardigan sweaters, plaid skirts and alligator shirts and top-
siders, these jolly young spirts had fun at frat parties, participated in intramural sports and had an all around swell time at the big university.
Mommy and Daddy gladly paid their expenses, throwing in a few extra
dollars whenever necessary. A lucrative job was waiting around the corner,
and it was just funky times until then. But wait — some of these cheery
young youths glanced at a newspaper one day. El Salvador, cutbacks,
nuclear disarmament. Where the hell have we been, they asked.
They found out more, met other concerned students, and soon they
were concerned themselves. But they were branded leftists because they
acted just like those who lived left of Blanca.
This is not a fairy tale. This is a real-life horror story. Our economy is in
dire straits, we are close to nuclear annihiliation, and innocent people
around the world are victims of torture and genocide. But UBC students
are awakening from the dormant decade of apathy and selfishness which
has prevailed until now.
Last fall, it appeared that there would be a continuation of old times.
Few students were concerned with cutbacks, and even fewer with the rising fees. Student council and the university administration assumed their
usual roles of not providing leadership in students' best interest.
But some concerned students decided they had had enough with all the
bullshit on campus. New groups were formed who put forth fresh and
practical ideas. Support mounted as rallies and marches attracted large
groups of students, unseen since the days of the 1922 'Great Trek.'
Students also joined in the movement against nuclear disarmament and
signed petitions, joined advocacy groups, and protested against impending moves towards a nuclear war.
Students rose up against the provincial government and demanded that
post-secondary education be given a higher priority. Education ministers
Brian Smith and Pat McGeer blushed.
The people tore the alligators off their shirts as they realized that there
was a world beyond the green spit. They've traded their alligators for protest signs and they've adopted new sayings: "You say cutbacks, we say
fuck off."
The moral of the story: old dogs can learn new tricks. As is evident in the
action of the past year, students can once again retain a powerful voice in
university affairs.
But unless this student awareness continues to grow in momentum, all
that has been accomplished this year will have been a wasted effort.
Show some concern for the state of this university — it's a matter of life
and death.
Junior faculty need a 'fair chance' at tenure
A low murmur may sometimes
be heard above the gentle rustling
of poison ivy which encrust the
time-hallowed halls of learning and
scholarship at UBC. This plaintive
sigh is "things ain't (are not) what
they used to be" and is emitted by
faculty members recently denied
tenure. These miserable creatures
are referring back to some more
idyllic time they believe occurred in
the misty past when, they allege,
most faculty obtained tenure.
Seriously, it seems likely that
non-tenured faculty will find it in-
The faculty association is in a
most unusual position. It is largely
composed of persons who have
tenure, some of which are sitting on
senior committees which pass
judgement on junior colleagues.
Naturally enough, conflicts may
arise between what a department,
school or faculty may perceive as
being in the best interests of their
group on one hand, and on advising
a candidate how best to prepare for
the tenure deliberations, on the
other hand.
It is worth noting that candidates
creasingly difficult to obtain tenure.
It seems equally likely that the
faculty association will be unable to
help them. The association may,
unfortunately, find itself following
the same road as certain major
unions (e.g.> Teamsters, United
Auto Workers) in that senior
members protected by tenure will
stay at UBC while junior, non-
tenured members may lose their
wishing to join the hall of fame or
notoreity — tenure — only have
one "crack of the whip." That is, if
they fail once, they cannot apply
again even if their curriculum vitae
is much stronger the following year.
Indeed, evidence of good teaching,
research etc. may come in
November of the same year a candidate is being considered and to be
too late tor consideration. It is thus
critical that such candidates bu ad
vised of shortcomings that they may
have well before their "time is due"
and that they be given a fair chance
to improve their record and even to
resign if their particular case is
This, I and others believe, is not
happening in certain cases. There is
a certain irony to this. For instance,
some of one's senior colleagues may
criticize a candidate for not having
published work done at UBC in fully refereed journals. These same
souls may, themselves, not have
published anything in journals for
years, nay decades. Part of the problem is that several of the
statements enshrined in the conditions of appointment handbook
(agreed to by the faculty association
and the board of governors) are
open ended. For example, it states
somewhere that scholarly activity
will be judged by publications, peer
reviews . . . unfortunately, the
former is now being interpreted by
senior committees as being publications in refereed journals and, furthermore, that such publications be
based on work done at UBC (not
For a person trying desperately to
achieve some reasonable balance
between teaching, research and
other work this is a very critical
point. While unfortunately teaching
In the wide senses of the word is the
highest priority, candidates will be
forced to literally publish or perish
— to push out research matrial for
premature publication in a refereed
journal. In any event, these people
should    know    what    constitutes
reasonable evidence of scholarly activity.
My purpose in writing the above
is not to argue for the old times to
be resurrected again but to ask that
junior faculty all get a fair chance. I
also wish to acknowledge the hard
work of past and present executives
of the faculty association. But, unfortunately, the vast majority of
faculty very rarely attend an
association   meeting.   Whispers  of
contemplated applications for
unionization (now denied to us by
one of the best known association
members, a Dr. Paddy McGeer)
does bring out faculty from the
woodwork. Without a stronger
faculty body, the weak and non-
tenured may continue to be pushed
away from Point Gras and surroundings.
Name witheld
by request
April 2, 1982
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout
the university year by the Alma Mater Society of the
University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the
staff and not of the AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The
Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241k of the Student
Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
From page 4
board. The doctor, Dr. Doug Schmidt, said the death occurred between 12 and 2 a.m., and a
broken watch in McDonald's pajama pocket was stopped at exactly 1'16. Brooks nor Sanford
were not upset at the death.
Although the window in McDonald's room was open, there were no footprints on the
snow. "The murderer is still with us on the train," breathed Tieleman.
If this was a proper novel, this space would now be taken up with building suspense. Margaret Copping, Fred Banning, Chris Edley, Carl Lum and Kevin Mullen al! expect it, but they
are going to be disappointed. Instead, to please Graham Hatt, Colleen Humer, Sheila Munro
and Verne McDonald, we are going to pretend a sudden whimsey has overcome M. Hyphen
and he knows what has happened.
"800, unfair," shout Greg Mittag, Gene Long and Len Lauk. "Why not have Ariadne Oliver
write it and have a decent masthead?" whine Paul Kroeger, John Knowles and Dale Keim.
"Bring on Miss Marple and fuck Poirot?' grumble Chris Gainor and Ralph Maurer. "Jello?"
David Marwood, Sean Lafleur and Lawrence Kootnikoff haven't read the book, so they
want to know the ending. Harry Hertscheg and Tony Jochlin couldn't care less, but they'll be
patient and stay quiet to please Michael Kernaghan, Rob Guzyk and Paul Kaihla. D. J. Hauka,
Basil McDonnell, Roseanne Moegan, Jim McElgun and Warren Harding weren't around to
vote on the decision.
There were two solutions: none of the passengers had done it, and the murderer had slipped on and off at Belgrade, or all of the passengers had done it. Scott wasn't a vary nic* parson and had killed a lot of people before, and besides there were 12 p-ftopia to carry out tfw
sentence of death he had wriggled out of before.
The slip between Miss Draaisma and Col Jones is what gave it all awey. If thay knew Mch
other, everyone else could too.
"Having placed my solution before you, I have the honor to retire from the case. . ." M.
Hyphen said grandly.
Everyone, all 145 of them, booed. "What kind of a lousy ending is this?" Go a-vay. It's 9
a.m. and I've been doing this for 12 hours. Leave me alone.
And then there were none Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 21
Bill and Socred boys create summer 'slave labor'
I am a first year student at UBC,
and am presently seeking summer
employment. On March 22 my
search took me to the campus
employment centre, and that is
where I found the job posted of
good show representative for tourism B.C.
The requirements of this job were
numerous: the applicant must be a
fulltime university student; must be
nineteen years of age; must have access to a vehicle; must be able to
deal with the public; and be well
groomed. Also, he/she must be
outgoing, friendly, and have excellent communication skills, as the
position includes press interviews
and meetings with dignitaries.
All these requirements I meet
because of my past employment
and theatrical experiences. Indeed,
the position seemed to offer excitement, intellectual stimulation, and
good work experience. My enthusiasm dropped, however, when I
came to the last sentence on the job
description: 'The rate of pay is
$3.65 her hour'.
Due to provincial cutbacks, my
tuition fees are going up approximately   $400  next   year,   making
them a total of around $1,000. Furthermore, the cost of my residence
room and board is rising by $400,
totaling about $3,000 for next year.
On top of these fees are extra expenses like books, entertainment,
transportation, and personal costs;
thus I expect my total expenditures
will add up to about $5,000 next
If I worked from May to
September, eight hours a day, five
days a week at the rate specified,
my maximum earnings would be
$2,336; not even half of the amount
I need to continue my education. I
Departing student spouts off
Within two months I'll be leaving
the hallowed halls of UBC forever.
Before I depart, I'd like to make a
few comments about our troubled
campus and The Ubyssey.
1. I am very disappointed at the
lack of journalistic competence
displayed by The Ubyssey. It is approximately on par with the local
commercial rags and that is unacceptable.  Luckily the  Manchester
As you're all aware from reading
The Ubyssey, this is our last issue.
Any letters not printed were either
late, lacking ID, or politically incorrect. You'll have to wait until
September to see your name in print
(unless The Summer Ubyssey proposal goes through).
Guardian publishes an excellent
weekly that provides good
analytical journalism.
2. The Ubyssey does not provide
balanced journalism. This results in
low credibility. A few more articles
on Kampuchea, the KGB,
Afghanistan etc. are appropriate.
As a long time supporter of the
NDP, I find that the illogi;al and
rehtorical garbage spouted by the
Trotskyist League and the Committee Against Racist and Fascist
Violence is an insult to my intelligence.
3. When I was an undergraduate
in engineering school during the
early 1970s, the graffiti in the male
bathrooms was political and sexual.
Today it is sexual and racist. What
has happened to you younger
enlightened students?
'Science sequences suck
freedom flows from faith'
I wonder at the glib way in which
so many science students affirm the
secure foundations of their investigations as over against "faith"
positions. I'm even more amazed
that the philosophers let them get
away with this.
I am not a philosopher, but it
seems to me that no one does their
thinking in a vacuum, or without
quite a number of undemonstrable
assumptions. Experiment and
observation might show that a 10
ton boulder shatters a 10 inch tree
contacted at a velocity of 20 m.p.h.
The experiment may be repeated
with the same result, but this does
not validate the conclusion that this
sequence of events always produces
this result (given the same
If the experiment were repeated
1,000 times all we would have with
certainty is 1,000 cases of a certain
sequence of events by which
through habit of mind we might
postulate destruction following
again from this sequence. But
perhaps in the next 10 million cases
the boulder would shatter. With the
possibility of infinite repetition our
study represents no significant trial.
Hume showed that it is reasonable
to doubt whether a cause can be
known only by its effect.
So to all those who would be
thorough empiricists, realize that
induction is an independent logical
principle which cannot be inferred
"either from experience or from
other logical principles, and that
without this principle science is impossible" (Russell, HistDry of
Western Philosophy).
My point is obvious: We all live
by faith. Some of us put our faith in
science, some in God. Some of us
see no reason to oppose the two,
since God is truth (but truth is not
God). Indeed, it has been cogently
argued that the empirical method
arose with the reformation.
God upholds the world in accord
with His will, and so the world is
knowable and, to a large extent,
events are predictable. But because
God is not governed by necessity
knowledge of the world must be
gained through observation. The
world is both orderly and contingent because God is both rational
and free. Here's to science and
faith! but let's understand where
we're worshipping.
Len Hjalmarson
Regent College
might add that I could make more
money as a chambermaid or a
dishwasher than I could in the
demanding job of "good show representative." But do not mistake
me, I am completely in favour of
the B.C. government creating summer jobs for students. When those
jobs pay so little that it becomes
impossible for students to continue
their education, however, it makes
me wonder if the B.C. government
is more interested in creating slave
labour for itself, than it is in helping
post-secondary students.
Caroline Hilland
education 1
'Ron lies through teeth'
An open letter to Ronald Reagan,
President,    United    States    of
How can a person who holds
such an important position be so
obviously ignorant of the facts in
such an important issue? I am of
course refering to U.S. intervention
in El Salvador. The way I see it
there are two possibilities.
First. Everything that the
newspapers, ambassadors, foreign
diplomats, and Salvadoran
refugees tell us is lies, and that
Reagan and his aides and advisors
really do know what's going on.
Second. The newspapers and
other sources speak the truth, which
they usually do, and that Reagan
and his aides choose to ignore
history and facts. I believe there is
as much communist influence in El
Salvador as there is in Canada or
France (do the French not also have
Soviet made rifles?).
I find the first possibility quite
^ridiculous. The second possibility is
more palatable. Ronald Reagan and
his aides have gotten their priorities
screwed up, they are furthering
business at the expense of people.
Reagan's policies are disgustingly-
inhuman. I am appalled at Rea-
gans support of the junta, and
openly protest his aid of money and
what will in the future be troops.
David Hooey
applied science 1
4. I tin always mildly amused by
the great reaction to Godiva's ride.
People are starving to death on this
planet and some mental midgets in
law school waste their precious time
worrying about such a trivial ritual.
Why don't they hire some well hung
stud (Lord Godiva) and parade him
around campus on a goat. Who the
hell cates! Grow up.
5. Tl ere is too much automobile
traffic  n the central campus area.
6. Do you realize that organizations like the ACLU (American
Civil Liberties Union) would defend
the Red Rag.
7. Ir a recent edition of The
Ubyssey, a spokesperson for the
B.C. Coalition of Rape Crisis Centres stated that "We know every
man is brought up to believe he can
rape, beat or batter us." There is no
doubt that rape is a very significant
problem in our present violent
society but to make such a statement indicates that the speaker is
either (1) stupid or (2) has an emotional problem based upon some
bad experiences. Most men are decent human beings who respect and
love their mothers, sisters and
wives/girlfriends. Well, have a
good summer.
D. B. Paterson
BASc 1973
Dead battery sparks
An open letter to the director of traffic and security:
This is a formal complaint against the patrol officer who refused
to lend assistance to a motorist in need.
One would expect that the traffic and security division of UBC
served a more useful function than to merely issue traffic tickets to
poor, unsuspecting students. As the name implied, one would expect
an officer working for the traffic and security would make it his
business to help out a motorist with car problems. Well, 1 had the
misfortune of having had to ask a patrol officer for assistance!
On Monday, March 29, 1 accidently left my car lights on. By the
time I got back to my car, the battery was drained and my car would
not start. I noticed a traffic and security patrol car nearby, so I went
over and politely asked the officer in the patrol car if he could give
me a jump to start the car. I even told him that I had my own jumper
cables. But did 1 get the door slammed on my face! The guy told me
that he can not. And to further add to the insult, he said that he
needed the battery for his car radios. If he did not want to help, he
could leave it at that, but to have to give such a garbage excuse was
just too much!
The patrol officer did suggest that I ask one of the other drivers
for help. Fortunately, a driver of a nearby car heard my plea for help
and came to my assistance.
I would now like to ask you to describe to me what exactly is the
function of traffic and security, besides irritating the students. I
sincerely felt that if I should ask anyone for help, I should at least ask
a traffic and security patrol officer. I guess I was wrong! I was too
idealist! I realized I have made two grave mistakes on Monday: 1. I
was polite to a traffic and security patrol officer and 2. I asked for
assistance of a traffic and security patrol officer. I will never make
those mistakes again.
Perhaps traffic and security should train their officers how to get
along with the people they work amongst. Lending assistance would
be a good start.
Peter Yu
electrical engineering 4
Smashed sinks spur SUB security steps
Over the last two months, there
has been a serious increase in the
vandalism and abuse of student
facilities and privileges in SUB. A
mere glance around the building
will show four broker sinks in the
men's washroom, smashed windows, drunken brawls and
underage and unwanted non-AMS
people coming to alcoholic functions. All of these problems add up
to large sums of money needed for
repair and RCMP intervention at
rowdy functions.
To prevent further vandalism we
felt it necessary to institute a
number of new security regulations
for various areas in SUB.
The recently renovated games
room has a new policy: no non-
AMS persons under the age of 18
shall be in the games room after 7
p.m. on Friday and Saturday unless
accompanied by a parent or legal
guardian. Accompanying this will
be rigid checks for AMS identification at alcoholic functions. Non-
AMS members must be signed in as
at "The Pit."
Security at alcoholic functions is
a major concern. We encourage student groups booking functions in
SUB to supply their own security
within the following guidelines. The
absolute minimum number of club
selected security are as follows:
ballroom — 8; partyroom — 4;
207/209 — 3; others — 2.
Failure to provide adequate
security (not necessarily minimum)
will  result in closure of the bar
and/or    possible    suspension
booking privileges.
In order to protect AMS
facilities, a new security team consisting of AMS students has been
hired to patrol SUB and to aid the
proctors in securing the building on
weekends. Any club holding a function in SUB should make
themselves known to these people
and help out in order to make all
functions run as smoothly as possible.
When making a booking, be sure
you are aware of any new security
policies. Any questions can be
directed to SAC members or Terry
Cox, administration director.
Neil Smith
Karen McLeod
SUB commissioners
Alma Mater Society Page 22
Friday, April 2, 1982
Gears 'should give a damn for any one'
I have always looked forward to
the moment when I can proudfully
claim to be a graduate of the
engineering class of 1982. Recently,
however, there have been suggestions that this is one year in which
that pride is tarnished. This is my
response to that suggestion, as well
as my explanation or how I will feel
when 1 do step up to receive my
There is conflict on campus, and
it one that has disturbed me greatly.
Unfortunately, it is a game that is
replayed every year at this time. My
dictionary defines a game as "a
competition ... in which the participants play in direct opposition to
discussion about the Red Rag that
inevitably emerges. I have been involved in many of these conversations, but in not one of them was
there support for the contents of
this year's Red Rag. Not one. The
same applies to the editorial letters I
have read.
This is a sentiment that was not
readily apparent before. The end
result of the dean's letter is that it
has shown me that a large number
of the students do disapprove of the
I suppose I have the dean to
thank for that, although I cannot
help but wonder if the end justified
the means. But reality intervenes,
and I find myself asking just how
each other, each side striving to win
and to keep the other side from doing so." That pretty well describes
why each of the participants is in
this conflict. In reality, the issues
involved make this much more than
just a game, but the tactics used by
each of the competitors would suggest that it is.
The participants are the dean of
applied science, the general public,
and the engineering undergraduate
society (EUS), representing the
engineering students like myself.
The conflict? — the publication of
the Red Rag, a newspaper that the
EUS distributes once a year during
engineering week.
The climax of this year's game
was reached with a letter from the
dean. In his letter, dean Wedepohl
condemned the editors of the Red
Rag for putting out a publication
which he labelled as being sexist,
racist, and an advocate of violence.
More importantly, he also placed
the blame for its publication on the
rest of the engineering students,
regardless of whether or not he or
she approved of the Red Rag: "By
your silence you have not only endorsed the contents but you also
share tbe disgrace to the faculty . . .
you will have to swallow the bitter
pill of having been a registered student in this year of 1982 . . . silence
will not safeguard you."
Like many others, my immediate
reaction was one of hurt — not
from feelings of guilt, but of
anguish. True, many of us were
silent, but many of us were not.
Some support the Red Rag, while
many others do not. Similarly,
some methods of protest are loud,
while others may be discreet — both
can be equally as effective, but it is
the latter method, out of necessity
perhaps, that most students choose
to bring about changes. Nevertheless, it is a far cry from being
silent, and it hurt to see the dean
summarize his students so shallow-
ly. This, I felt, was one time that the
dean was mistaken.
But in retrospect, it was I who
was mistaken.
The letter should not have been
viewed as a personal insult, simply
because that was not its purpose.
More likely than not, the dean had
been aware of the growing discontent the students had for the Red
Rag. He would also realize the effectiveness of peer pressure, be it
real or imaginary, in concealing
those feelings. Thus, his letter was
used as a catalyst to let those sentiments surface. Like a well played
hand of cards, it was a bluff; it was
meant to taunt us into breaking out
of the status quo. The question is
whether he succeeded.
One need only look at the
response of the engineering
students. Yes, there is much angry
discussion about the dean's letter
and the approach he took. Overriding   all   this,   however,   is   the
many students would have written
letters of protest or shown up at
debates on the Red Rag . . . before
the dean wrote his letter. Before the
cheese factory was closed. The
answer is obvious.
The dean forced his hand well,
and with good intentions. For those
who disagree, it is recommended
that they weigh their logic carefully
— that the letter was meant just as a
personal insult, or as a means of
getting us off our butts. It is hard to
see the dean, or any sensible person,
making conflict for the sake of conflict alone.
That, however, is more than what
can be said about a majority of the
second participant in this game —
the general public. This may be a
controversial position to take, but
my future profession encourages
me to express an opinion if I am
witness to a misdeed. The misdeed
referred to is the distortion of the
issues by many of the people who
decry about the Red Rag. For a
start, instead of asking how the
publication offended the public,
perhaps it would be more appropriate to ask how the public
came to offend themselves.
The Red Rag was not made to offend the public, simply because it
was not meant for the public. That
is why its distribution, as far as can
be verified, was confined to select
people. Yes, the publication may be
vulgar, but if a group chooses to
confine an offensive activity to
where it is accepted, and provided
that it is within the law, then what
they do is their own business. They
have that right, just as the public
has the right to not be offended.
But what can be done if someone
deliberately chooses to be offended,
so that an issue can be made of it? I
feel that is what many of the people
who publicly protest have done; I
cannot accept as just coincidence
that copies of the Red Rag have
found their way to groups that have
made it a perennial game of criticizing engineering students.
What I object to is the hypocrisy
shown by many of these groups. In
their protests, some claim to be protecting the rights of the public, and
yet they would violate the engineering students' rights to privacy to do
so. Others claim that they hope to
change the engineering students'
sexist, racist, and violent ways. Yet,
if only one of them showed enough
genuine concern to talk to the
students, he will quickly find that
his protests are not worth a penny.
The point is, many people are not
so offended by the Red Rag as they
are obsessed with using it to achieve
their own means.
Furthermore, the Red Rag does
not offend just by being in one's
hands; this is decided after a person
has read it. But if a person finds it
to be offensive, he has the option of
not reading it. That is why in my
four years of engineering, I have
never read the Red Rag (until this
year's issue was shown to me by the
dean). The important thing is that I
had my freedom of choice; I could
just as easily have chosen to read it.
If the public protestors had it their
way, this would not be possible.
Granted, I find the Red Rag offensive, and that is why I choose to
ignore it. But beyond the Red Rag,
examples of sexism, racism, and
violence confront me everyday in
the form of magazines, movies,
plays, and what have you. They offend me, and I am being consistent
when I choose to ignore them as
well. Yet where are the protestors of
the Red Rag now? If they can be so
adamant about getting rid of that
single publication, how can they
choose to ignore this multitude of
public offenses? This infidelity is
perhaps why many of the engineering students have come to ignore
the preaching of these groups.
Unfortunately, the fact remains
that the Red Rag is in the public domain now. As such, the public cannot be ignored. I am not, however,
referring to Linda Hossie, the Vancouver Sun writer with her distorted
views of four-year olds. I am not
referring to the radical women's
rights groups, who prepare for
combat at the mention of sexual inequality. No. I am referring to the
small minority who are genuinely
hurt by what our newspaper portrays.
It is the people which the EUS,
the final participant in this conflict,
should not ignore, just as it should
not ignore the voice of its membership. On that of a single member —
like myself.
Unfortunately, we did choose to
ignore these people, and that is why
the dean took the steps he did —
not so much to punish us as to protect the rights of the people who
were abused by the Red Rag. Some
of these people cannot fight back
even, but they all have a right to not
be offended.
So why did the EUS choose to ignore this group of people?
Maybe it has something to do
with our motto: "We don't give a
damn for any old man who don't
give a damn for us." However,
what if that man or woman does
give a damn? Then in all fairness, I
think it is about time that we do
give a damn about what they think,
about how they feel.
In any case, the Red Rag is gone
now, and many would say that I am
flogging the issue with typical 20/20
hindsight. There are still those,
however, who insist on keeping the
"tradition" alive. What they
should realize, is that the Red Rag
in its present form is not even traditional. When the Red Rag first
started, it was a genuine satire on
the pompousness of society. It was
An Evening of
Music (4 Groups)
Food . . .
Ukranian Hall,
805 East Pender St.
April 17,1982 18:30
Chilean Cultural Group
$4. Available at AMS
Ticket Office
Come show your solidarity
with the students of El
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\\\efo\5])Ofi Gallery
At The Pot Shop and Gallery you'll find
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2 Locations —Open Sundays
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1359 Cartwright St.
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certainly not an abuse of society, as
the present publication has degraded to.
It is time that this conflict ended
once and for all. True, there are still
many problems to be resolved, both
with the dean and with the public,
but with the termination of the Red
Rag, I think that we have taken a
step in the right direction. Sure it
was done after a lot of controversy,
but the engineers have never "cut
and run" in the face of conflict.
No, the Red Rag was canned
because the engineering students
themselves wanted the change. To
end these silly games. And for that,
I am proud to have been a
registered student in the year 1982.
Barry Fung is a fourth year civii
engineering student who hopes to
graduate this year. Perspectives is a
column of analysis, humor, whit
and opinion.
If you have an aptitude as
well as a background in
music, visual art or theatre,
the Arts Journalism
program is for you.
Practise reviewing,
interviewing and writing
feature articles and profiles
in the context of Canada's
foremost school of the arts,
The Banff Centre.
You will have access to
great international visiting
artists. Working critics will
come to Banff to work with
you. You will be taught the
practical skills of writing for
the media and will be made
aware of current issues in
the arts.
You will be kept abreast of
the market that awaits
your evolving skills as an
arts journalist. Learn to
translate onto paper what
you know and what you can
observe about the arts.
September 13 to
December 17,1982
Application deadline:
May 15,1982
Substantial scholarships
The Registrar
The Banff Centre
School of Fine Arts
Box 1020
Banff. Alberta
(403)762-6180 Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 23
OT foreshadowed Christ
One of the risks one runs in
writing for popular consumption is
being misunderstood as a function
of reducing some large and tough
steaks to digestible size.
I believe that the Old Testament
does foreshadow the New, and that
passages such as Ps. 22 and Isa. 53
do refer to Jesus. However, I do
not, as a Christian, try to split God
into OT and NT versions. I understand Israel's wars partly as a function of their unique position as
God's people and instrument (in a
way no nation today can be), and
partly as political ambition. My
belief is that some Christians misuse
the text and that if they would look
to Jesus' words first they might
avoid problems with the Old Testament record. Of course, this won't
happen. Their approach to Scripture is inconsistent because it is
No, it was no new commandment
Jesus gave. When asked by the
Pharisees what the greatest law was
He placed love first. As Paul says,
one needs no law when one places
others first.
But the Jewish religion in the
time of Jesus the Jew had become
an inflexible system of ritual and
legal observance. Even the Old
Testament itself expresses less than
God's ideal; Jesus explains the right
to divorce (Deut. 24) as recognition
of "hardness of heart" (Mt. 19:7).
But God did not desire mere con
formity to the law, He desired
men's loving response to His love
(Isa. 1, etc.). Responding to God in
love always meant loving His
children, and so seeking justice (as
Micah 6:8). It is this that was lost
and is lost — love is lost because it
Circumcision of the flesh is a
relatively easy thing (at least for
half the world) — but circumcision
of the heart is more difficult (and
necessary, Lev. 26:41). It was faith
for Abraham (Gen. 15:6), in the
Christ not yet come, and it is faith
today (in the Messiah Who lives)
that makes men right with God,
who  in  Christ  met  His  own  re-
Fake letter
The Ubyssey staff would like
to apologize to all its readers for
a fake letter which ran in the
March 29 issue.
The letter, entitled Is GSA
playing house or playing God,
was submitted for publication by
Yvonne Hebert, a graduate student in linguistics. The signed
names are false.
Hebert had assured The Ubyssey the letter was from graduate
students, and she was simply delivering it to the paper due to
time constraints.
With each Eurail Pass or
Eurail Youthpass purchased!
For prices and information contact:
t <*i Going Your Way!
UBC, Student Union Building
Vancouver, 604 224-2344
quirements in the law. The Jews
looked forward to the perfect Iamb
and we knew Jews look backward
to the lamb who was slain for all
men. (Please, no puns about a
"sheepish opiate religion). Hope
this raises the wool from all eyes.
Len Hjalmarson
Regent College
'Fundamentalists wrong'
The recent letters from fundamentalists have all tacitly assumed that they
represent Christ. They often talk as if providing evidence for the Bible or
for the resurrection, proved their beliefs.
I disagree. Christ never expressed an intention to become the head of a
religious empire composed of his followers, as fundamentalists make out
the kingdom of God to be. Rather, this was just the mistaken notion he was
trying to correct. He told people, not that God was going to re-establish the
throne of David (the organization), but that the kingdom of God was a
matter of a person's behaviour. The man he said was 'not far from the
kingdom,' was not one of the many who wanted to see him rule, but one
who understood where the essence of true religion lay.
Mark Reimers
grad studies
Backpacking & Canoeing
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For details write or phone:
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(604) 733-9162
on the
for all your
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10th and Sasamat
5796 University Blvd.
The Office of Native Employment
Have you considered working in the Public Service' The Government's
policy on increased participation of Indian, Metis. Non-Status Indian and
Inuit people in the Public Service of Canada was developed with the help
of Native people, to enable them to participate fully in the Public Service,
and to involve them in programs and services which affect their lives
The Federal Government is Canada's largest employer, and offers a
broad range of job opportunities  The Office of Native Employment can
tell you what kind of job you would be suited for. and what kinds of |Obs
are available
If you would like a summer job, to give you a better idea of what it's like
to work in the Public Service, the Career-Oriented Summer Employment
Program offers an opportunity for challenging work assignments in a
number of departments and agencies  CO SEP. information kits and
application forms are available at your campus placement office
If you're interested in the Public Service, contact the Regional
Co-ordinator of the Office of Native Employment
Office of Native Employment
Norwich Union Building
313 - 1575 West Georgia Sitreet
Vancouver, British Columbia V6G 3A6
Phone: (604) 666-8383
We would be glad to help you
■ jL      Public Service      ronction public'ue
I ^^     Canada Uanada
Canada Page 24
Friday, April 2, 1982
Three Stooges given jobs after autonomy loss
Ubyssey Appointments Editor
Despite warnings against creeping preppyism and inexperienced
leaders, The Ubyssey staff threw
caution to the wind Tuesday and
elected three new fuzzy-cheeked
faces to next years's editorial collective.
Affectionately known by the
staff as Bumble, Jumble and Mumble, or Craig Brooks, Shaffin Shariff and Brian Jones, the three new
lambs surprised no one with their
low-key campaign. "The less people knew about us, the better our
chances were," one of them said off
the record. A random Ubyssey poll
of the staff later proved that remark
overwhelmingly correct.
The newly-elected trio come from
very different socio-economic
Brooks, a former Alma Mater
Society hack who was thrown out
of office in disgrace, is an ex-
Progressive Conservative party
speechwriter and bagman.
Sharriff was found abandoned as
a young child in a movie theatre and
never saw sunshine until he was
seven years old, preferring the dim
light of the silver screen to the
harsh, natural glare of the sun. "A
critic's critic," Shariff is always
fashionably dressed and a devoted
fan of Diane Keaton. His favorite
movie is I Was A Teenage Zombie.
Brian Jones, of course, used to
play guitar in a little-known British
rock 'n' roll garage band and holds
the world record for holding one's
breath underwater. He is from
Calgary, but the staff apparently
did not hold that against him.
The three headed beast was
elected overwhelmingly by the 25
staff people who voted. There were
two write-in votes for a Ubyssey
The three promised sweeping
changes to The Ubyssey next year.
"We'll right gooder, spel bitter and
sweep the office more regularly,"
they bleated in unison. "But we
won't paint the walls."
Save the barn,
UBC history
in horseshit
Save the barn! The old horsebarn
near B-lot was built in 1919, and
has been in use ever since, up until
last fall. After it was vacated, vandalism and neglect have allowed it
to run down and fall below standards, but the structure itself is solid
as a rock (it has a foundation of the
same granite as comprises Main
library). The building has considerable heritage value, I feel, as well as
being a potentially fine part of the
landscape if it were restored a little.
It also has a number of potential
uses, both academic and extracurricular. Some of these are being discussed now with the administration
by the environmental interest
group, the cycling club, and the agriculture undergraduate society.
These groups are also petitioning
for public support to preserve the
old building. If you have a chance,
please sign. Save the Barn!
Arle Kruckeberg
environmental interest group
hairy puce blorgs hit the streets today refusing to sweat any longer for
the rag of the masses, the Daily
Daily Blah editor Bland Sandface
announced the strike.
SHARIFF ... in Keaton drag again BROOKS ... Big Hack Attack
JONES . . . Calgary born and red
Ombuds Office
Come See Us
Room 100-A (Main Floor) S.U.B.
Phone 228-4846
7508    CASCADE
for him and her!
I t^e outdoor boot
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Oops . . . We would
like to apologize
to Brian Elliot,
coach of Super League
Hockey Champions COMMERCE
for omitting his team in the
"Intramural Star" Tuesday, March 30.
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We're ready to listen to
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Drop by for a complimentary
consultation with one of our
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mM Aq/   OFF our regular prices for students
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Cuts — Men $15.00 Women $22.00
Perms—Men $35.00 Women $40.00 and up
Streaks, color, hennas and conditioners also competitively priced.
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^ Telephone: 224-2332	
Mon.-Fri. — 9:00-7:30
Sat. — 9:00-5:00>
SUS and AgUS
the Pass - out Bash
Wednesday, April 7   7:00-12:30
SUB Ballroom ID Required
$2.00 Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 25
' Ordinary people can stop arms race madness'
One of the most dire problems
facing mankind is the haunting
threat of a'nuclear war. And, with
the present escalation of the arms
race, this threat is amplified even
The U.S. currently has more than
,31,000 strategic and tactical nuclear
warheads. Furthermore, the U.S. is
producing three new ruclear
warheads a day. The Sovie:s have
21,000 warheads. The national
security council estimated that in
the   event   of   a   nuclear   war,   a
Trotskyist league seeks
capitalism alternative
The Klan shoots East Indians and
beats up leftists in Vancouver; we
Trotskyists seek to smash their terror by outmobilizing them through
labor/minority action. The KKK
are the right-wing terrorist fringe of
Reagan/Trudeau's anti-Soviet war
drive, which seeks a defeat in blood
for all unionists, leftists and minorities targeted by dying capitalism.
Pete Baran's open letter to the
Trotskyist league (March 26) dangerously equates the Trotskyists,
who have the only strategy to fight
fascism, with the fascists themselves. In doing this, he caps off
The Ubyssey's recently escalated
anti-communist attacks on the
Trotskyist League, thereby ultimately emboldening the fascists.
To be consistent, Baran would
have to support the outrageous acquittal of the Nazis who shot and
killed five anti-Klan demonstrators
in Greensboro, North Carolina, in
1979, for he would share the capi-
Lost student
wants answers
I am a Brazilian college student,
nineteen years old, and I am learning English. I would like to have a
pen friend in order to improve my
English and know a little more
about Canada.
Your address is the only one I
know in Canada (I have gotten it
from the student travel bureau).
Therefore, I kindly ask you to get a
person, a young Canadian (she or
he) who wants to correspond with
me in English.
An answer from you will be keenly appreciated. Thank you in advance for your attention.
Pc Cidade de Dourado
993 Vila Maria
02127 Sao Palo—SP
Letters. There's been a lot of
them this year; some profound,
some quaintly silly, others just pure
shit. But we loved getting them all.
We loved throwing some of them
into the waste basket, and we loved
publishing the ones that conformed
to our twisted world view.
talist press's view that the coldblooded racist murders wer; just a
"shootout," equating the fascists
with  the  leftists.
In El Salvadcr, Baran's "even-handedness' would
mean demanding that the guerrillas,
workers, peasants, and students
stop fighting to defend themselves
against the imperialist anc; junta
backed right-wing death squads,
leaving the population completely
defenseless against slaughter.
But the targets and victims of the
fascists cannot share Baran's "nonpartisan" posture. So we arc proud
to say that on March 20 in Ann Arbor, our SL/U.S. comrades once
more initiated (after Detroit, 1979
and San Francisco, 1S'80) a
labor/minority mobilization — this
time of over 1,500 — that stopped
the Nazis from marching an city
hall and chased them off the streets.
And here in Vancouver, on
March 27, as reformists, fake-leftists, and other anti-communists
eagerly sought to prevent, with the
cooperation of the cops, the Trotskyist league's anti-imperialist contingent from raising its banrer calling for ' 'military victory to the Salvadoran leftists," the class line once
again became clear. We alone defended the Soviet Union's socialized property forms against imperialist attack. El Salvador is the frontline of the imperialist war drive to
"roll back communism," from El
Salvador to Nicaragua to Cuba and
the Soviet Union.
The Ubyssey has clearly placed itself in open support to maintaining
capitalism with all its exploitation
and oppression. It has been one of
the cheerleaders for the counterrevolutionary Solidarnosc in Poland, giving — and then defending
— a platform for Canadian KKK
chief Alex McQuirter (backed by
printing a letter titled "Shoot commies"), and then fronting for the
pro-capitalist FDR in El Salvador.
We now have a number ol politically serious students seeking us out
td examine the alternative to The
Ubyssey's liberalism and Trudeau's
capitalism offered by our revolutionary program to end capitalism
once and for all.:
Andrew Lewiecki
Trotskyist league club
/ \
Hitch-hiking helpful hints
While I am most supportive of students turning to hitch-hiking
rather than paying increased fares to ride the bus, having been a student hitch-hiker for several years, I would hope that they would be
aware of the potential dangers of thumbing rides with strangers.
Some suggestions are: hitch-hike in pairs (women particularly); be
prepared for the possibility of an assault (take a self-defence or
mace class); wear or carry some easily visible item which clearly identifies you as a UBC student, example a UBC sweatshirt (some people
who wouldn't normally stop for a hitch-hiker will offer rides to
students) and; hitch-hike from a position of the sidewalk where
drivers are not going too fast to stop, and are legally permitted to
make a stop.
You might also consider making a sign showing your destination,
which is especially useful for your homeward run.
Claire Winston
psychiatry department
health science
centre hospital
minimum of 140 million Americans
and 113 million Russians would die.
One Poseidon submarine can
destroy 218 Soviet cities. The U.S.
has 31 Poseidons. In the 18 months
prior to October 1980, the U.S.
warning   systems   falsely   reported
151 indications of a Soviet attack.
V/hen confronted with figures
like this, one can easily comprehend
the urgent need to stop the insane
arms race. Yet more often than not,
ordinary people are made to feel as
if the capability of instigating an
end to this nuclear buildup is
beyond their capacity. This is simply not true.
All over the world, people are
writing letters to politicians, engaging in peace marches, and advocating nuclear-free zones. The
preceeding months have reflected
this in the large-scale anti-nuke
demonstrations in Holland, U.K.,
Germany and the U.S.
People in Vancouver also get a
chance to show their regard for
preserving world peace via mutual
disarmament. On April 24, the
largest ever walk for peace will be
held at Kitsilano beach at 12 noon.
The momentum of the peace
demonstrations from Europe will
manifest itself in Vancouver on
April 24. This march brings with
itself an excellent opportunity for
people from all walks of life to
show their disgust for nuclear
weapons. Let us all come out and
support this walk for peace.
Bhagwant Singh Sandhu
biology 4
students for peace and
mutual disarmament
Should have sat on grad
centre report, says Davies
Two weeks ago, I retained a management consultant
to review the food and Deverage operations of the centre. Their report contained some criticisms, and it was
felt thai although the centre has operated for many
years without adhering to commonly accepted policies
and procedures in the industry and the university, time
had come to consider an orderly process of change.
Also, over the past year, the graduate student
association has carefully developed a proposal to
revise the constitution and bylaws of the centre in
order to better direct it towards its objectives as a student centre.
All this was progressing in a reasonably orderly
fashion, with all due emphasis on everybody's positive
contributions to the centre, until the past week.
As a courtesy to UBC vice president Michael Shaw,
because of his interest in knowing about "problems,"
I sent him, in confidence, copies of the consultants'
reports. To my surprise, he copied them for other administrators and for the three president's appointees
on the centre's board of directors. What followed was
inevitable: I issued copies to all directors, and to all
graduate representative assembly members who are the
prospective directors under the proposed new bylaws.
This much has become public information and has appeared in the public press as news.
Normally such reports are dealt with by the chief executive officer of an organization in strictest confidence. I apologize for any possible interpretations that
might reflect upon the performance of the management and staff of the centre.
In my view, the responsibility is to be assumed by
the university, the treasurer, and by the board of directors of the centre, as I believe that you all conduct
yourselves well according to what has been expected of
Thank you all for your contributions to the centre.
John Davies
chair, grad centre
board of directors
'Only the rich deserve education
I fully support and agree with
Brad Watson's letter of March 19,
in which he questions the rationale
of government funding of higher
education at the expense of that
vast majority of taxpayers who are
never directly benefitted by the use
of these funds.
Education certainly does confer
primarily private benefits, and
those individuals should be fully
prepared to pay for their higher
education costs. The majority of
people, not born into a situation
where they can bear such costs, do
not need it anyway; they're obviously not predestined to either
become leaders or attempt independent judgement. Our fully modernized, automated society of the
future can only be jeopardized by
the promotion of individuality.
I don't think Mr. Watson has
taken his suggestion to its logical
conclusion, however. Why should
government subsidize any part of
an individual's education? Governments spend far more on primary
and secondary education than
higher education, and the savings
incurred by billing these students
directly would be tremendous.
Those free-loading children whose
families cannot support their education could always be trained, with a
few books to stand on (what other
purpose do books have?), to
operate cash registers, a function
far more vital to society than the
strictly private gains of literacy.
V/hen these children grpw older,
moreover, since they haven't had
the intellectual training to question
and pose alternatives to government
policy, things will be much easier
for the elite whose families could
afford their education. They won't
have to answer to a public incapable
of asking questions. If our future
elite are really clever, they'll keep all
the riff-raff busy watching sporting
events at one of the dozens of sports
stadiums to be built in B.C. with the
money to be saved on education expenses.
Geov Leal Parrish
graduate student, political science
Is 'Zionist' racist?
Your article "Media misses Ku Klux Klan issue" (March 19) made some
useful points about activities here, but was accompanied by a photograph
of a page of Common Sense that raises problems. The page is headlined
"Zionist war crimes in Palestine exposed." The caption reads "Example of
racist propaganda circulated in Canada."
Common Sense is racist, but exactly what is racist about that headline?
Surely not the mere use of the terms "Zionist" and "Palestine"? If the inference is that any criticism of Israeli military policy towards Arabs is
racist, that will brand Noam Chomsky, Uri Avneri, Felicia Langer, Elmer
Berger and numerous other Jews and Israelis. Palestinians are being killed
by Israelis (as well as vice versa), and no moral purpose is served by hushing
that up.
The irony is that Palestinians are victims of an inverse racism because
they are not Jews, they are (to put it mildly) disadvantaged in Israel. The
undoubted anti-semitism of Common Sense cannot excuse Mr. Begin's war
on the Palestinian fact.
Richard Bevis
English department Page 26
Friday, April 2, 1982
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Page 27
Ubyssey—a different and sacrificial world
I'll always remember that time. It
was different for me than for the
others. When I first walked
through that door and into The
Ubyssey office, I sensed I had
entered a different world, a world
of sacrifice and dedication to high
ideals. How else to describe a room
plastered with slogans like
'Freedom for Yaco Tieffenberg!'
and 'Reagan, Bush adesso buon
lavoro', littered with antique
typewriters that worked only in
time warps and overseen by a very
large and very broken clock.
"Uh, have a seat," said a thin
pale slouching gentleman, offering
me a broken stool. "The meeting
will start in exactly five minutes or
if someone else shows up."
His name was Glen, a real journalist. You could tell by the red eyes
and unmatched socks.
"I want to work for the paper," I
gushed. "I read that you needed
more reporters and thought it
would be fun."
A hysterical giggle escaped from
under the table. I peered
underneath and saw another thin
pale gentleman, but this one had a
beard. "Uh, that's Arnold," explained Glen. "He's our
photographer. You can tell by the
camera around his neck."
I was wondering if that was his
darkroom down there when Arnold
slid out from under the table and
yelled, "Julie! Let's start the
I looked around expectantly for a
thin pale woman but when no one
appeared Glen shuffled over to the
telex and pulled her out from where
she'd collapsed. She was even paler
and thinner than the other two. She
must be the editor, I thought. My
heart warmed at this sight of utter
"I want to work for the paper
too," I chirped in admiration.
"Which one?" Julie murmured
weakly, wilting into the nearest
broken chair. "Tuesday's, Thursday's, or Friday's?"
"Well, all three I guess," I said
as Arnold, who was giggling
hysterically again, began taking pictures of me.
"No, uh, you see," explained
Glen patiently, "we wouldn't want
to do that to you. Like, each of us
here puts in about a 70 hour week,
but you'd probably want to go to
some of your classes too."
I was hurt. Did I look too healthy
to be taken seriously? I drooped
down in my seat and mumbled,
"Yes but I thought I could write for
the paper during the day aid take
classes at night."
Julie smiled wanly, shaking her
head. "That's when we go clown to
the printers." I blinked vacantly,
always having thought reporters hit
the horizontal after watching The
National. Julie took a deep breath
and began mechanically listing the
sordid details of her night life.
"After the copy's been written
and edited, we take it down to the
printer's at night to be typeset.
There we design all the pages,
supervise the layout, write the
headlines and proofread the final
version while the printers earn overtime. Then we stop at Bino's for
breakfast, watch the sun come up
and go straight to our 8:30 classes."
"O.K.," I bargained desperately,
"I'll drop my courses and work full
time for the paper. My education
isn't   that   important   anyway."   I
Long way out in Left field
Gene Long in his view of The
Ecstasy of Rita Joe typifies the ignorant, "know it all" characteristic
of The Ubyssey's entertainment
critics. The function of a review is
to inform the theatre goer on all
aspects of a particular production.
Long tells us very little about the
production itself and, on top of that
shows little insight into the message
that the play presents. In fact, his
criticisms about the native is way
off in left field.
His lack of appreciation for the
social conditions facing Canadian
natives is manifested in his observation. The problem of the native
Indian is a very real and tragic one
and should not be camoflauged by
characters that present a "vision of
promise," because there is none!
Just ask Stanley McKay and others
who comb the back alleys of Winnipeg's core area for drunken Indians at three in the morning. If
Gene Long can determine what' 'little more is needed" to modernize
Rita Joe's message, I'm sure Mr.
McKay would love to hear from
him because the truth is, little has
changed over the past 15 years. In
fact, the situation has become far
worse and The Ecstasy of Rita Joe
provides a far more powerful
reminder than Long seems to think.
The critique ends with a most ir-
relevent and uncalled for comment
on Stanley McKay's "struggle"
with his lines, which proves Gene
Long is a bad amateur. Had he
done his homework he would have
discovered two things: 1) few elderly Indians speak English very well,
so it shouldn't be surprising that
David Joe may have been searching
for words he was uncomfortable
with; and 2) Mr. McKay has had no
formal theatre training; he has
never acted on stage in his life!
Incentive for social change that
Gene Long seems to expect is not
possible until the problem is fully
understood. The Ecstasy of Rita
Joe definitely provides a vivid insight which, unfortunately, most
white Canadians prefer to ignore.
Andrea H. Graba
arts 3
finished lamely, suddenly stricken
by second thoughts.
"Either that," offered Glen
thoughtfully, "or you could just
skip sleep like us." Arnold was really convulsing now, so I took this
opportunity to start hedging
discreetly toward the door, carefully sidestepping desks and filing
cabinets in case of collapsed
reporters. Somehow the ideals of
sacrifice and dedication, seen as
pale flesh and ragged nerves, seemed less inspirational.
"Well I'll just head home now
and think it over," I piped cheerily,
backing up through the door and
straight into another thin pale lady.
This one, however, was very tall
and armed with a burning
cigarette. I went back to my seat.
"Oh hullo, Nancy," said Arnold
with forced sobriety. "You're just
in time. This student wants to work
for the paper.''
"Which one?" she gasped, sounding strangely breathless, until I
realized I must have winded her in
"All threel" he shouted gleefully, leaping onto a table top and
stomping madly up and down.
"Gee, I hope you got some pictures," Nancy remarked, flicking
ash in my direction with new interest. ] assured her that he had,
noting with some anxiety that his
deafening stomping was rousing all
the other reporters. They started
crawling out from where they had
dropped, from under desks, inside
drawers and typewriters, down
from shelves, up from Doxes and in
through windows, all yawning and
collapsing into the nearest broken
chairs, all very thin and pale, all
watching me in silent reproach.
'I'm sorry!" I moaned, hugging
my knees and rocking back and
forth in misery, overcome by this
sight of massive suffering. "I didn't
know it was like this. The papers,"
I rushed on, "they just appeared
three times a week without fail —
how could I not take them for
granted?" I started blubbering.
Nancy lit another cigarette, Julie
sighed, Arnold hiccupped and even
Glen looked away. The others still
GLEN . . .
odd-socked 'journalist'
It was a challenge. I was doing
something wrong, this wasn't what
they wanted. Not pity, I suddenly
realized, straightening up in my
seat, not even love, I added, standing up on my chair, and not even
respect, I concluded, leaping up onto the table.
"You want simple recognition!"
1 howled, stomping up and down
hysterically. "You want us out
there to know how hard you
work!" I screamed.
Nancy stubbed out her cigarette.
"How you skip classes, drop
courses, sacrifice your career goals
and never get a decent night's
Julie blushed.
"How you average 70 hour
weeks, spending all day at the office
and all night at the printer's!"
Arnold beamed.
"How you spend your vacations
attending newspaper conferences to
keep The Ubyssey one of the best
student papers in Canada!"
Glen patted me on the back.
"And how it's all totally
volunteer work, without salary,
without pity, without love, withoul
respect and without — up until this
historical moment — recognition!"
The whole room leaped to its feet
and started wildly applauding. Someone broke out beer and with all
the rushing, embracing and
blushing with joy, they almost looked healthy.
I walked quickly toward the
door, away from this world of
sacrifice and ideals. But just for an
instant, I turned my face as I passed
across the threshold and saw Glen
and Arnold and Julie and Nancy
leaning wearily on each other, sipping with straws from the same bottle. They smiled . . . seeing those
faces I hesitated, but then at the
very last moment passed quickly
Bothersome bus stop evangelist
lacks sincerity and conviction
Are you seeking a break from the
rigors of intense studying? Do you
need a new and original place where
you can spend your time creatively?
Try one of the campus bus stops.
There you can view a variety of colorful posters, meet old acquaintances, and generally spend a plea--
sant moment away from the campus' confining cement walls.
But recently, I experienced some
unpleasant moments at a bus stop,
causing me to lose faith in this once
venerable spot. I encountered a
woman who originally struck me as
looking rather haggard, but nevertheless harmless. On the contrary,
I was soon to find out she was
blatantly disruptive and rude.
V**? <3w£C*J3  3bo^U«lL
As I was engaging in a conversation at the bus stop, this woman
suddenly erupted into a tireless
speech which contained such
familiar phrases as "moral salvation" and "burning in hell". A
Rice Broocks clone? Almost, but
with grey hair and a wrinkled face.
While everyone piled on to the
bus, I decided to stay and perhaps
find out some intriguing information about the lady. But unfortunately, the time could have been
better spent partaking in a much
more useful activity such as counting blades of grass.
I asked her if she had any particular reason for being at UBC that
day. She answered by saying that
crime is rampant through the
streets, and rapidly getting worse. It
was her duty to warn people of such
evils and offer her moral alternative.
But then I challenged her on her
method of communicating. I asked,
won't people just be turned off by
a raving and ranting elderly woman
who appears overly obsessed with
an evangelical spirit?
She proceeded to cite two examples of people who spoke out
concerning their beliefs: Anita
Bryant and Jimmy Carter. Look at
how much they succeeded, she said.
As it became obvious to me that
the bustop was no longer an attractive place to stay, I walked and then
ran across the street. She followed
suit and ran after me with a look of
desperation across her face. She
plunged some pamphlets into my
hands and went off in search of
another possible convert.
The cover of one of che pamphlets read, "like tongues of fire."
To me, this is an accurate descrip
tion of this woman. Her talk was so
aimless and meaningless, that I felt
like extinguishing her as if she was a
candle in the process of burning
To put it bluntly, this woman is
wasting everyone's time with her
ineffective and bothersome
speeches. I stress the word ineffective. People are just not impressed
by somebody like he who uses so
many words to say so little.
Any moron can stand up in a
crowd and preach the righteous
laws that we should be following,
but where is the sincerity and conviction in their talk? For the most
part, this mysterious woman's
method of talking non-stop without
barely letting me get in a word,
caused me to perceive only utter
and complete gibberish.
My message to this woman,
whoever she is, is to quit the Jerry
Falwell act and get serious. If you
want people to listen, talk about
how whatever you are professing
can be put to practical use. Prove
that you are justified in interrupting
conversations and chasing students
across streets.
Otherwise, stay away from the
bus stop so I can once again enjoy a
pleasant wait for the bus. Go try
your act on the Trotskyists and see
how they like it. Better yet, try
listening to one of them for more
than five minutes without suffering
a massive migraine.
From the words of the Bible,
"Do unto others what you want
them to do unto you." (Matthew
Chris Wong is a Ubyssey staff
member, who obviously likes
waiting in peace. Freestyle is column of opinion, whit, rants, and
analysis open to Ubyssey staff
members. Other members of the
university community get to use
Perspectives. Page 28
Friday, April 2, 1982
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"City Nights" with
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April 29
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Mayday Cruise, May 1
Mike Warnke with
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Doug Et The Slugs. May 14 Et 15
Odetta. May 17
The Villains, April 3
Pacheena, April 7
Anti-Nuclear Benefit
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Pena, April 17
Buntzen Lake Barbeque
May 1
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It's the best meal deal going. Our 100% pure
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Bun™". A small order of crispy, golden fries.
Your favorite small drink. And, to top it all off,
a cool and creamy 5 oz. DAIRY QUEEN®
Sundae. All for only $3.29. Get a good deal
on a full meal. Head for the corner of OfJM W   RmaHu/a.,
Broadway and Trafalgar. *ou' **; Broadway
si am do. corP./i98i at Trafalgar
brazier. Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 29
Perfectionist bound ...
Novels clear and insightful
From page IS
White succeeds in portraying the
way in which a perfectionist's mind
works. For, like White herself,
Clara is the archetypal, self-
defeating perfectionist bound for a
life of inner struggles and frustration.
*    *    *
Beyond the Glass (1954), the
fourth and last book in this series,
lacks the steadfastness of The Sugar
House. The dialogue here, especially in the first half of the book, is
often strained, and often on the
maudlin side.
Now, back in her parents' oppressive household after a painful,
drawn-out annulment of her marriage to Archie, Clara begins to feel
smothered. Her life seems
altogether directionless, and she
retreats into a vague indifference.
Eventually, she falls rather clumsily in love. Or perhaps it is White's
own clumsiness upon the relation of
this episode. In any case, a friend
shows her a photograph of a man
she has never seen before, and she
not only 'knows' she will someday
meet him, but miraculously guesses
his name.
Not surprisingly, she meets him
twenty pages later at a party. He is
even more wonderful than she has
deduced from perusing his photo,
and he almost literally sweeps her
off her feet when they dance:
II certainly is a huge teat
when you can actually eat
a complete humungus
burger at P J. Burger & Sons.
15 varieties. Jumbo salads,
other great stuff, too. Open
daily from 11:30 a.m. till
really late. It's truly a huge
feat for a big mouth. Gulp.
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Wc i.flLT fur cath nf the LSAT. C.MAT
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• 200 page copyrighted curriculum
• 70 page Math Primer (i.cnt tn each
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• Guarantee: repeat the cuursc tor n.'
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or call:
(604) 689-9000
'They danced in complete silence.
An extraordinary feeling of
lightness possessed her; a lightness
she had known hitherto only in
those pleasant dreams where she
floated down flights of stairs, hardly touching the ground.'
The two seem to have an immediate psychic communication to
boot. They are suddenly in a world
which no one else can enter:
' "What's happened to us? Have
we gone mad? Or is it only ne?"
"Me, too," she said.
"I simply don't understand."
"Neither do I." '
And so on. It is a shame that the
realism of The Sugar House has
disappeared and is replaced by a second rate fairy tale. Richard is the
knight in shining armor: levelheaded,   nature-loving,   solicitous.
But it seems that Clara cannot endure this sort of stability for long.
Besides, White may have felt she
■still had half a book to go, so Clara
is once more plunged into conflict
and self-doubt.
Although the reason for Clara's
odyssey into mental illness is
obscure (it occurs just when she
seems to be getting, back on her
feet), White actually redeems
herself dramatically at this point.
Clara's mental illness is a depiction
of White's own descent into
madness, and of her ten months in
an insane asylum when she was 22.
The movement from neurosis to
psychosis is recounted with amazing
clinical expertise, as is the
psychotic's paranoia.
Her gradual recovery from this illness is handled in the same
meticulous fashion. Clara's
rediscovery of herself occurs when
she tries to play croquet with some
of the women in the asylum. The
women have no concept of rules or
' ... the next moment, it came
to her. These women were mad. All
those women she saw at mealtimes
were mad. No wonder she could
make no contact with them. She
was imprisoned in a place full of
mad people.
Images of glass and mirrors occur
throughout the book, and attain
their full impact when Clara begins
to make the distinction between the
'Looking-Glass land' of the
asylum, and the other side of the
mirror, the real world.
The clarity and insight with
which White recounts the horror of
mental illness is of the quality which
can only be derived from personal
Gortex Rain Jackets  $79.50
Nunatuk Sleeping Bags  $79.50
Slazenger Challenger No. 1
Tennis Frames  $59.50
Wilson Pro Basketballs  $49.50
George Brett Ball Gloves  $39.95
Leather Soccer Balls  $27.95
Bauer Lightfoot Joggers  $27.95
Ultralite Squash Racquets  $27.95
Kawasaki Badminton Frames... $24.95
Track Suits, from   $19.95
Canvas Tennis Shoes  $19.95
Navy or Grey Sweat Pants  $13.95
Hockey Jerseys, from  $11.95
Sports Bags, from  $7.95
at 3615 W. Broadway
This Is one of tho» "you won't hava ma to kick around any mora" gray boxaa. It's
tha and of tha Una. No tomorrow. In othar worda. It's tha last gray box of tha tarm.
Lat that sink in for a moment. Think of It. No longar will you ba abla to aagarly raach
for tha lataat copy of Tha Ubyaaay and frantically turn to tha gray box, aching for
that fix you always knaw would ba thara. You will no longar ba abla to turn to your
' neighbour on tha Hastings bus and say, avar so casually, "Hay did you see that grey
box In Tha Ubysaay today?" and than smirk to yourself when they look at you with a
blank stare. Because you know what's funny on this campus, and they hava no idea.
UBC parties will no longer hava as their main topic of conversation the latest
Ubysaay gray box. It'll be buck to talking about boring shft Ilka music, clothes, relationships and sports (always the main topics unleas it's a Ubyssey party. How's that
for arrogance?). So goodbye, all you gray box friends. Until next year. It's been a
slice. And remember: twenty per cent screen, six point universe or diet Adios.
o A
u clays from June  19 via
ne Western Airlines direct
stop charter — Vancouver
Student Union Building
I niversitv of British Columbia
Vancouver. B.C.     ttiT 2Af
Phone (6041 224-0111
:: ^a^^sv^- -.*>*.'-''- -. - •* 4 '.'*$*
200 M.P.G.
35 M.P.H.
FA 50
80 TO
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GN 400
Vancouver, B.C. vbK irj PHONE 734-4762
MALE: Wash, cut, dry, $14.    Reg. $17
FEMALE: Wash, dry, cut, $18.    Reg. $21
with presentation of this ad.
5736 UNIVERSITY BLVD. 228-1471
[in the Village next to the Lucky Dollar Store) Page 30
Friday, April 2, 1982
rwccn Classes
Program: noon. Mini Concert, Buzzcocks; 3
p.m.. Dateline Intamational, world affairs as
eeen from UBC; 8 p.m., Mini Concert, English
Beat; 11 p.m.. Final vinyl, neglected album:
Mink DeviNe's Coup de Grace; cable 100 fm and
102 fm.
Fin d'Annas reunion and plans for final dinner,
noon, main lounge. International Houae.
Spring Danca — end the term with style, 9 p.m.,
International House.
Evening: music, food. Come snd show support
for students in El Salvador, 6:30 p.m., Ukrainian
HaH, 806 E. Pender. Chilean and Latin American
cultural event of the year.
Bzzr garden and T-shirt partv, 4 p.m.. SUB 1X1.
Ride on Sunday, meet at SUB 10 a.m
UBC Purports needs new editorial itaff, don't
talk to Al or Jim. Drop by any time, Old Ad
ministrators building second floor.
Last sports night, 7:30 p m., Osborne gym A and
Fine arts graduate student symposium, $5 includes coffee, lunch and party 9 a.m., Lasserre
Program: noon. Mini Concert, Black Uhuru; 4:30
p.m.. Stage and Screen, film and theatre re
views; 11 p.m.. Final Vinyl, classic album: Magazine's Second Hand Daylight; cable 100 fm and
102 fm.
Meeting to elect executive and ratify new constitution, noon, SUB 256.
Program: 8 a.m. to 12 noon, Muaic of Our Time,
unusual, moetty modem, classical music; 12
noon to 2:30 p.m., Tha Folk Show, mostly Canadian, moetty traditional folk muaic; 2:30 to 6
p.m., Rabble without a Pause, a lunatic musical
view of the world; 3 p.m., Laughing Matters, a
look at the history and content of recorded comedy; 11 p.m., Final Vkiyt, #1 playtist album:
WHder, by The Teardrop Explodes; cable 100 fm
and 102 fm.
Practice: come and drag yourself through the
bottom, 10 p.m.. Aquatic centre.
Alan Rinehart, guitar and lute; Paula Kiffner,
catto (VSO); Susan Flek, piano; perform at 7:30
p.m., International House.
Annual fishing expedition, 12:30 p.m. (not
noon), Caspian lake. PhH Resnick will hoW the
rod; we need more people to find the correct
Program: noon, Mini Concert, Joe Jackson; 3
p.m., The Melting Pot, research at UBC is featured; 4:30 p.m., Everything Stops for Tea; 7
p.m., Off Beet, unusual news and cynic's corner; 8 p.m., Mini Concert, Peter Tosh; 9:30 to 1
a.m.. The Jazz Show, with Shelley Freedman;
11 p.m., Final Vinyl, Shelley plays a jazz album of
her choice; cable IX fm and 102 fm.
Faculty, staff and grad students are invited to a
letter-writing workshop and introductory seminar at noon, Buch. 1221.
Information table, all week, all day, SUB foyer.
NFB film: Not a Love Story. A film about por
nography, 7 p.m., IRC 2.
Danca to tha catchy tunes of the Volant Vanguard, 8 p.m., SUB 204. Bzzr $1 2x4a 60 cents.
Come talk to your "incorrect friend."
Program: noon. Mini Concart, ModamatM; 6
p.m., Thundetfcird Report, campus aporta rundown; after 6 p.m. new.. In Sight; 8 p.m., MM
Concert, Naw York Dote; 11 p.m., Final Vinyl, a
brand new album; cable 100 fm and 102 fm.
General meeting and electiona of next year's officers, noon. Bio. 2448.
Registration for summer dance classes, noon to
1:30 p.m., SUB216e.
Last planning meeting, noon, SUB 237b
Raffling of James Hollis' Mercedes Benz, noon,
SUB 258. Tickets »2
Just 8 reminder that today is the last day of
classes, not April 2 as originally advertised by the
registrar's office.
All exams cancelled by popular decree, students
should submit desired mark to each professor
Program: Mini Concert. Public Image; after 6
p.m. news, CITR's weekly editorial; 8 p.m., Mini
Concert, Godley and Creme; 11 p.m., Final
Vinyl, yet another brand new album; cable 100
fm and 102 fm.
Folk night, 8:30 p.m., Grad Centre garden room.
Firat practice at 1 p.m., Spencer field (behind
John Owen Pavilion). All cricketers welcome.
Hot  Flashes
Library taken
break* too
UBC libraries have prepared an
alternate schedule of operation for
the Easter break. The normal
weekend schedule is in effect on the
Saturday and Sunday of the break.
However, there are reduced hours
on Friday, April 9th and Monday,
April 12 as follows:
Main, Law	
all others closed
, 10a.m.-6 p.m.
, .9a.m.-5p.m.
,. 9a.m.-5 p.m.
, .9a.m.-5p.m.
10a.m.-11 p.m.
Law 12 noon-11 p.m.
Math 12 noon-5 p.m.
Medical branch ... 12 noon-10 p.m.
Main 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
Woodward 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
Curriculum 9a.m.-5 p.m.
Peaceful dance
Looking for a king-hell bender the
day after classes end? Release the
frustrations of an entire year of sitting through hundreds of hours of
lectures with droning professors.
Students for Peace and Mutual
Disarmament are putting on a benefit concert, April 18 at 8 p.m. featuring the renowned Magic Dragon,
Moral Lepers, and Corsage.
Tickets only $4 advance so come
out and dance, have some fun, and
support the cause. No minors, loggers, etc.
Cricket wicket
Talk ho ye connoisseur of
Cricket! The UBC cricket team is
holding an open practice at
Spencer field (no relation to
princess Di), just behind John
Owen pavilion. The first pitch is at 1
p.m. Saturday April 17th.
Jog and do something useful at
the same time.
Oxfam needs people running in
the 11th Vancouver International
Marathon to get sponsors to raise
money for the Run For Refugees
Project. The Marathon is on May 2,
and sponsor sheets can be obtained
at the Oxfam office at 2524 Cypress
— phone number, 736-1717. The
target is $200,000.
Gerald Wasserburg
Dr. Gerald Wasserburg is a professor of geological and planetary sciences at the
California Institute of Technology. He has earned an international reputation for
his accomplishments in the applications of mathematics, physics and chemistry to
problems of the earth and the solar system. Dr. Wasserburg is best known for his
pioneering studies of lunar and meteorific materials and his resulting contributions
to the understanding of the early history of the solar system and of the earth. He is a
witty speaker who communicates his ideas effectively to both general audiences and
experts in his field.
Saturday, April 3 In Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Centre, at 8:15 p.m.
Monday, April 5 In Room 135, Geological Sciences Building, at 4:00 p.m.
Thursday, April 8 In Room 200, Hennings Building, at 12:30 p.m.
Occasionally unadvertised seminars are presented.
Please call Mrs. R. Rumley at Local 5675 for information
RATES: Campus - 3 Hn*M, 1 day tt.00; additional Hnaa, BBc.
Contmarotai —- 3 mmm* ■ day *MLa3; addWonal Hnaa
BBc. Additional day* aUB and B0e.
destified ad* an not accepted by te/ephone end en paymbie in
edvence. DaatKnek 10:30 a.m. the day baton publication.
Publication* Office, Boom241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
5 — Coming Events
Free Public Lecture
Geological and Planetary Sciences,
California Institute of Technology.
Prof. Wasserburg is well-known for
his applications of math, physics
and chemistry to problems of the
earth and solar system.
Saturday, April 3 at 8:15 p.m.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
COMMUNITY SPORTS: A store full of ski
wear, hockey equipment, sleeping bags,
jogging shoes, soccer boots, racquets of all
kinds, and dozens of other items at very attractive prices. 3615 W. Broadway.
11 - For Sale - Private
YAMAHA SYNTHESIZER includes presets,
manual controls* stand, pedal, cases. Excellent condition. $1200. New. Must sell.
$700. Phone Paul, 224-9927.
MUST SELL: Fender super reverb guitar
amplifier, $350. Good condition. Phone
15 — Found	
WATCH FOUND in Gage tennis courts, two
weeks ago. Call Sherri at 224-9984.
exchange for our Panda (stolen by another
Frat). Good luck Guys!!!
20 — Housing
WOULD YOU LIKE TO spend your summer overlooking mountains and sea? Would
you like a hot tub? A family of four wants to
exchange living accommodation for summer session 1982. Our house is on Nanoose
bay, 15 miles north of Nanaimo, near
beaches, parks, marinas, etc. If interested
please phone us at 468-9840 after 5 p.m.
ROOM 4 RENT in clean bright 3 bedroom
house. 18th & Dunbar. Washer, dryer,
dishwasher, fireplace & balcony. $300
OBO. 224-4160.
FURNISHED BACHELOR suite to sublet.
May 1-Aug, 31. 12th and Main area. $233
month. Ph. 874-0746.
HOUSE/APT. TO SUBLET for academic
year 82-83 by mature grad. student.
References available. Call collect
1-306-584 7731.
$50 REWARD for your 2 B.R. suite, May 1.
West Side, $500 max. incl. utilities. Cathy,
30 — Jobs
Part-time staff member wanted, April to
September. Hours: 9:30-1:30, Monday thru
Friday. Salary: $735 monthly. Duties:
general office duties, communications,
union research. TA's preferred, union experience an asset. Apply in writing to: TA
Union, CUPE 2278, 204 Armouries, UBC.
Tel. 224-2118.
food business requires individual to service
existing accounts and sell new customers.
Must have vehicle. Call Randy at 922-1251.
35 - Lost
LOWER HALF of cross pen lost last Thursday. Reward offered. George, 253-3375
after 10:00 p.m.
40 — Messages
SHARON: Give me a break, meet me in front
of Woodwards at 3:30 on Friday. FRAMS.
OVER THE SUMMER holidays,  remember
Manus Multae Cor Unum. Schlong.
65 — Scandals
EXAMINE YOUR conscience, can you
afford to miss another Folk Night? The next
GSA Folk Night is at 8:30 p.m., Friday,
April 16th, in the Grad Centre Garden
TO   MAGGIE,   Gatesy,    Gordon,    Sprout,
Chucky, Senatorial Bogish people, to the
socialist hordes, the Ubyssey Hacks, the
A.M.S. hacks, Garfield G.H. D.S. Thanks,
Love Pookie
FOR A GAY (lesbianl old time come to the
Gays and Lesbians of UBC Spring Dance.
Friday, April 2 at 9:00 in International
House. Closet straights welcome.
COME SEE Craig "Beluga" Brooks show
why he scores against himself Sunday, 10
p.m. Aquatic Centre.
ANNE —Geologist Extraordinaire, want to
study some rocks? Come pan with us and
we'll strike it lucky.
Your Dashing Duo
FERD: We'll have to stop crinkling like this.
Le Kid.
70 — Services
Making Your Job Search Work!
Searching for a job but don't know how
to get hired? You'll need to learn:
— the art of "reading" job ads
— the skill of choosing your best
resume format
— creative job search strategies and
much more
PLUS    see    yourself    as    employers
might: (through videotaped activities)
All day, intensive, level #1 WORKSHOP
$15 inc   materials ($5 deposit)
ltd. enrolment for each session
March 26, 27 April 2,16,17
Registration Details 228-0621
(Gray 6 Assocs. I or 228-4551
Thesis And
Magazine Binding
Permaneni Hardcover Binding
Gold Lettering
Reasonable Cost
Monday-Friday 9:30-3:30
224-3009 929-2706
85 — Typing
SUPER TYPING: Essays, theses, resumes,
etc. Bilingual. Campus pick-up. Phone
Chantal, 733-0812.
TYPING ON CAMPUS throughout April.
Fast and precise, $8.50 per hr. Phone
TYPING - Special Student Rates. Fitness
& Cameron Public Stenographers, 5670
Yew Street, Phone 226-6814.
corrections, rewriting if required. Results
guaranteed. 731-9752.
EXPERT TYPING: essays, term papers
factums, letters manuscripts, resumes,
theses. IBM Selectric II. Reasonable rates.
Rose 731-9857,
TYPING: $1 per page. Legible copy. Fast,
accurate, experienced typist with IBM
Selectric. Gordon, 873-8032 (after 10 a.m.)
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also
available. IBM Selectric, Call 736-4042,
WORD PROCESSING. We prepare research
papers, term papers, theses, etc. Other
languages available. $1.50 per page. Call
Ellen at 734-7313 or 271-6924,
WORD PROCESSING services. Resumes,
essays, theses. Student discounts.
WORD PROCESSING. Specialists for
theses, term papers, resumes. During office
hours or evening /weekends if arranged in
advance. 736-1208.
PROF. TYPING - Theses, term papers, etc.
Reasonable rates. Call Mrs. Steinke
596-9850 (Delta).
Near campus - 266-5053
90 - Wanted
LET'S SAIL seriously searching for right
person to share my sailing adventures. 2-3
mon. to long term partnership aboard 40'
teak cutler. Write J. C. Taylor, Gen. Del.
Bellingham, Wash. 98225.
preferably   in   Kitsilano,   renting   or   subletting    from    May    1-Aug.    30.    Phone
COMPLETE SET OF Ed 489 (Applied)
Ling.) notes. Please call 435-6303 after 6:00
WANTED: Information about "Killer" for
article on student games. Send names, addresses, phone numbers to: Gregg
Chamberlain, General Delivery, Burns Lake,
B.C. VOJ 1E0. Confidentiality guaranteed.
WANTED: Free kitten. Call 980-6351 anytime.
Ask for Jan or Doug. 	 Friday, April 2, 1982
Page 31
Grad Students Get
Financial Control
Over Own Centre
Members of the Thea Koerner
House Graduate Student centre
voted by a six to one margin to
form a new society Wednesday.
About 100 members at the annual
general meeting adopted a new
name, and with it a new structure
which gives financial control of the
centre to grad students.
The new Graduate Student Society, with constitution and bylaws,
takes control May 1. Under the current bylaws the centre is managed
by a board composed of administration appointees and
graduate students.
The new society will have a board
of directors composed of the GSS
Criticisms not valid
executive, elected reps to the faculty
and university senate and the
elected representatives from departments in graduate studies.
Earlier in the meeting GSC chair
John Davies said the auditor
general had agreed to do an audit of
the centre on the request of the
GSC directors.
An independent management
consultants report showed possible
weaknesses in the centre's accoun
ting, inventory, and cash control
procedures. The report also urged a
special audit.
Davies said Thursday the real
problem is not management, but
the society structure which did not
promote good business procedures.
The meeting also approved the
1982-83 operating budget, subject
to restrictions designed to encourage increases grad student activities in the center.
The major criticisms of the new
bylaws were the size of the new
council and board which will be in
excess of 100 people and annual
renewal of the contract for the centre's managers.
Physics graduate student, John
de Bruyn said the council would be
too large to manage the centre compared to the current 11 person
De Bruyn also said the contract
clause would drive competent
management away from the centre
without guarantees of job security.
Rob Cameron., graduate students
association president, said the
criticisms were valid but not critical
enough to stop the grad students
from taking control of the centre.
"It's a positive step forward. The
centre will be run by graduate
students for grad activities," said
Cameron. "If there are things that
don't work we can adjust later," he
Nuclear Free At UBC
"You may say that I'm a dreamer
but I'm not the only one.
I hope some day you 'II join us
and the world will live as one. "
—John Lennon
Wednesday was declared nuclear
weapon free zone day at UBC by
the Students for Peace and Mutual
Telegrams were sent to NATO's
secretary-genera!! and to the Canadian representative at the headquarters in Brussels asking them to
respect UBC's NWFZ day by not
flying nuclear equipped aircraft
over the campus.
"What we're doing is asking
students to fill out ballots on ihe
NWFZ-Canada proposal," SPMD
spokesperson Gary Marchant said
"It is not just the superpowers
who are propagating the arms race.
Small and medium powers (including Canada) do have an active
role in the arms race, even though
that might not appear so," Marchant said.
According to Marchant there are
ways that these smaller powers can
take part in trying to reduce the
threat of nuclear war. One strategy
is the gradual expansion of the
globe's nuclear weapon-free territory, that the United Nations proposed in 1978 as a "confidence
building measure."
The following measures would be
required for Canada to become a
a no stationing or transpona-
tion of nuclear weapons in Canada.
a no production of components
for nuclear weapons.
a no support systems for
nuclear weapons.
"Our motto is think globally —
act locally.' We can get our ship in
shape and then put pressure on
other countries," Marchant said.
Organizers of the day-long event
were surprised at ihe large turnout.
Hundreds of students visited the
displays of posters and graphics, a
slide show and two video film
presentations and tables of
literature on nuclear arms control.
"The displays were divided into
two sections; one section dealt with
the doom, misery, agony, pain and
suffering of nuclear war, the other
section represented hope, what is
being done and what can and
should be done," SPMD organizer
Emilie Smith said.
More than 750 students filled out
ballots on the NWFZ proposal.
"The ballots will be sent to Ottawa along with thousands of
others from across Canada. The
drive for a NWFZ-Canada is an
ongoing thing of Project
Ploughshares," Marchant said.
The SPMD is very optimistic
about people's attitudes toward the
growing arms control movement.
"We've had overwhelming sup
port by students. There is a real
awareness af how urgent and
serious the issue is. People now feel
they can dc something. We hope
that what we are doing here will
motivate otner groups and other
campuses across the Lower
Mainland," Marchant said.
Potential Candidates
Vie For UBC Presidency
With no less secrecy involved
than in the selection of a new pope,
UBC is searching for a replacement
for presideni: Doug Kenny.
When the whiffs of white smoke:
waft upwards from a board of
governors' meeting room this fall
UBC will have another boss.
Although it is possible, or even
likely, that the president will come
from outside the UBC community,
if an insider is chosen one of the
following is ,i likely choice.
Peter Pearse, an elected faculty
member to the UBC board of
governors and a long time Liberal,
seems a poss bie president. A noted
economist, Pearse is regarded as
one of the more effective board
He has considerable political experience: he was a Liberal candidate
and in the 1980 federal election in
the Vancouv:r Quadra riding, was
head of a provincial royal commission on forestry.
Another probable candidate is
Michael Shaw, current vice president academic and provost. Although he is not well liked in the
university community, especially
among students, he may have the
cunning and the connections
necessary to propel him into office.
Leslie Peterson also has the
qualities that would land him on the
short list for president. He is a
board member and was a cabinet
minister in the W.A.C. Bennett
provincial Social Credit government, including a stint as education
minister. A well established lawyer
and active Sccred, Peterson would
support the status quo at UBC.
Two other possible nominees are
James Kennedy and Peter Larkin.
The former is vice-president of
university  services  and a  former
head of the computing centre. Kennedy is regarded as quite competent. Larkin is dean of graduate
studies and is fairly well liked by the
university community.
Another person that could be
considered presidential material is
universities minister Pat McGeer.
The former education minister who
once urged students to protest the
provincial government's policies
regarding post-secondary accessibility might possibly be on the
McGeer's biggest problem is he is
not well liked by a large number of
people. The head of the
neurological sciences division
would probably, if elected, continue the same conservative policies
he has implemented as universities
What is inherently evident from
this list of probable appointees is
that they are all men.
Advisory committee chair J. V.
Clyne, however, has stated that the
position which will be vacated by
Doug Kenny next year is open to
both women and men. But the final
decision lies with the board of
governors; the advisory committee
can only establish criteria and suggest a list of names.
Also, student input into the decision will be limited. The 24 member
committee has only four students.
Student representative Francis
Janes said: "Because the students
are mobile, and because we don't
have vested interests, we can give
different insights (into the
The advisory committee will have
its first meeting on April 7 to
establish criteria to select the president. "Criteria will be sorted and
settled, and names discussed," said
"We have received a large
number of letters suggesting
criteria, and a few names have been
submitted," he said. Clyne added
the decision will not be made until
the fall or the end of 1982 because
of the paperwork and all the names
to sift through. "We have to advertise to other universities as well," he
CITR UBC radio goes mainstream on FM 102
Late Thursday morning, in a
small narrow room on the second
floor of SUB, a switch was thrown,
and UBC had its own FM radio station.
CITR, around for decades broadcasting over carrier current to the
student residences and on Greater
Vancouver cablevision systems, is
finally flexing its wings on Vancouver airwaves on FM 102.
Granted the last available low-
power frequency left in the Vancouver area last May by the Canadian Radio/television and Telecommunications Commission, CITR
began its first full broadcasting day
Thursday with an output of 19
watts from Gage residence's east
The low-power licence means
UBCs long-forgotten station can
now be received on Vancouver's
west side, the West End, West Vancouver and other parts of the Lower
Mainland without the aid of
elaborate cablevision hook-ups.
"People think the time is ripe for
a station like ours to exist in Vancouver." CITR president Jeff
Kearney said Tuesday. "People are
fed up with commercial stations, we
don't offer commercials, that's the
big difference."
The station's format will not
change significantly to meet the new
promise of performance set by the
CRTC, Kearney said. CITR will
continue to offer a "diverse range
of music from a much wider variety
of sources," in addition to campus
and regular news and public affairs
"We try to play as much music
that isn't heard on commercial
radio. (Commercial radio) restricts
the range of music (that can be
played)," Kearney said.
CITR vice president Mike Mines
said many people have a mistaken
impression about music played on
"A lot of the music we play isn't
as bizarre as people make it out to
be," he said. "We aren't totally
new wave or ultra-progressive or
left wing or whatever."
Mines added that many bands on
CITR's current play list are
"mainstream" bands in Britain.
"Eventually the (commercial)
stations catch up to (the music we
have been playing)," Kearney said.
"Now they play the Human League
and Simple Minds. Where were they
four years ago, when these groups
put out just as good, if not better,
"We are bringing more music to>
the people," he said. CITR is planning to bring its programming to
the   UBC   and   Vancouver   com
munities from 8 a.m. to 1 a.m.,
seven days a week.
Kearney sees nothing wrong with
the station setting an "alternative'
music policy when many students
might want conventional formats
"If they want the sort of music-
played on CFMI and CFOX, then
they should listen to those stations..
They make music in slickly presented packages."
If CITR didn't program alternate
forms of music, it is unlikely the
low-power licence would have been
granted by the CRTC, Kearney
said. "The CRTC won't allow the
same things (as is currently offered
to be licensed), they don't want
constant repetition."
Any UBC student is welcome to
join station staff, Kearney said, ad
ding that the present 100 staff
members, from many UBC
faculties, provide a good cross-
section of UBC student views. Programming decisions are "very much
a group decision," he said.
"I think UBC students as a whole
will appreciate having us," Kearney
said. "The assumptions that
students at UBC want to listen to
CFMI and CFOX are not necessarily valid."
The station has been broadcasting on a test basis since March
22, CITR chief engineer Rick
Anderson said. While the signal is
guaranteed to reach almost all of
Vancouver west of Cambie, Anderson said, "beyond that less than a
certain signal strength is received."
Most reception problems are easily rectified by attaching a dipole
antennae, or moving an antennae
"a matter of inches," Anderson
said. Due to the low-power, and
FM's line-of-sight signal, reception
in a land depression, such as at
Fourth and Alma, is severely impaired he said. Reception is also impaired in parts of UBC's Gage
residences, where the station's
antennae is located.
CITR would have to set a "full-
power" licence to solve the problems, Anderson said. "That
would be half i\ million dollars. It's
not very likely, unless we get half a
million somehow."
A full campaign to inform
students of their newfangled radio
station will start in earnest in
September, Kearney said. It is too
late to start this year, because of exams and summer holidays, he said.
Kearney said the station has no
idea how many people: listen to the
station on its current cable hookup. The station is not included on
standard industry listenership
surveys since the station does not
accept advertising, and such surveys
are for the benefit of potential
"The phone is always ringing,
though," Kearney said.
"Thousands of playlists are
distributed weekly, and they get
picked up (from record stores)."
Under their new licence, the station must meet a "promise of performance," with the CRTC.
"We must do certain things. A
certain per cent of time (must be
devoted) to news and public
affairs," Kearney said. "We have
to meet those (promises)."
CITR currently operates on a
$40,000 annual budget, $20,000 of
which is a direct subsidy from the
Alma Mater Society student council. The station raises revenue by
renting its portable sound system to
clients and sponsoring concerts. .*$#*%
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