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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 11, 1991

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wake up,
life's here
and it sucks
Fonde en 1918
Vancouver, C.-B., vendredi, le 11 Janvier 1991
vol 73, no 27
Minorities to be main casualties
of Gulf War, student group says
Cal-Berkeley students support
conscientious objectors in US
by Heidi Modro
A US student peace group has
taken the fore in rallying Hispanic
and African Americans to resist
military i nvolvement in the Middle
East crisis.
Roots Against War (RAW), a
two-month-old University of California at Berkeley group, says Hispanic and African Americans soldiers will die in disproportionate
numbers should war break out in
the Persian Gulf.
"Our group wants to make a
link between the discrimination
African Americans, Hispanics and
Natives suffer in the US and the
fact that whenever there is a war
they're always the first to be sent
to the front and become casualties," RAW spokesperson Eddie
Cheung said.
Blacks account for twelve per
cent of the American population
but represent about one-quarter of
the US's military personnel according to Cheung who also said
that Natives are also traditionally
"The lower you go in the ranks
the more likely it is that you'll find
people of colour," he said.
If George Bush and the United
Nations go to war after the January 15 ultimatum for an Iraqi pull-
out of Kuwait, Cheung warns that
people of colour in the military will
be hardest hit.
Members of RAW have been
visiting California high-schools
and speaking on street corners to
discourage youth from joining the
"The feeling on the street is
that young people just don't want
to get involved in this war," Cheung
said. There's even a local rap artist whoismaking anti-war music."
RAW is also advising reservists and members of the military
who do not want to fight in a Gulf
War on how to avoid combat.
"We're referring them to other
groups who can advise them on
how to apply to become conscientious objectors," Cheung said.
When a member of the military decides to apply for the status
of conscientious objector he or she
can either be transferred to a non-
combat posting or be discharged,
said Karen Jewett, a counsellor for
The Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors in San-Francisco.
"We've been flooded with calls
from military personnel and reservists ever since the threat ofthe
Gulf War broke out this summer,"
she said. "It's impossible to say
how many calls we've gotten from
minorities, but it could be high
because they're usually in combat
roles and they're the first to be
sent to war."
People of colour have traditionally been overrepresented in
the American military because it
is very often the only way they can
find to get out of the ghetto, said
Laurence Martin, coordinator for
the Vancouver Committee to Aid
American War Objectors.
"Military recruiters go to poor
areas and try to sucker people in
with $2,000 to $3,000 cash advances," he said.
"Our group which operates in different areas ofthe US tries to give
another side ofthe story."
The Persian Gulf
AMS plans picket protest against fee hikes
by Michael Booth
The AMS wants students to
set up information pickets on
University Boulevard at the end
of the rally planned for next
Wednesday, against the
university's proposed tuition
The proposed rally, being organized by an ad-hoc committee
of concerned students, which met
on Thursday in SUB council
chambers, will be hel d on the south
plaza of SUB on Wednesday,
January 16 at 12:30 p.m.
Following the rally students
will directly to go to the corner at
University Boulevard and
Wesbrook Mall and distribute literature about the tuition increases
to automobiles.
Committee chair and AMS
coordinator for External Affairs
Jason Brett said the intent ofthe
action is not to block traffic or
irritate drivers. "We don't want to
stop someone, we just want to
spread our message to people who
might otherwise not hear it," he
Although the councillors
agreed about the pickets, the discussion was less amiable when
the issue of demands came forward. One group called for the
moderate approach outlined in
AMS policy, while the other went
farther, saying students should
settle for nothing less than a
freezing of fees at their current
In adopting the AMS policy of
holding tuition increases to noless
than the rate of inflation, Brett
said, that a committe should then
be set up to define the exact role of
tuition in funding post-secondary
However, other students did
not think this policy went far
enough. They said the policy is too
soft on the university's administration and fails to address other
financial factors affecting students.
Arts Undergraduate Society
president Sigrid Thompson maintains that student loans are not
Strangway declines tuition fee debate with
Preinsperg, but agrees to open forum
Despite rejecting AMS
president Kurt Preinsperg's
challenge for a debate over
the recently announced tuition fee increases, UBC
president David Strangway
will be grilled by students on
the subject.
Before leaving for a two-
week trip to Asia on Monday,
Strangway instead offered to
meet with students in an open
forum where he would field
questions about the fee hikes,
according to Preinsperg.
While Strangway was unavailable for comment,
Preinsperg was disappointed
with Strangway's decision.
"From hi s point of vie w you
can see the rationale,"
Preinsperg said. "It's much
easier to give a relatively uninformed student a smoke
screen than reply to probing
arguments of an informed
AMS president.
"However, I am happy he
is making the time to give
students this opportunity."
The forum will be held
January 30, at 12:30 p.m. in
the SUB auditorium.
increasing and therefore if even
inflationary increases are condoned there will a larger discrepancy between the amount of government aid students get and the
actual demand for that money.
"You don't bargain with a dictator," Arts rep Mark Keister
added. "You make demands and
try to apply pressure wherever
you can to achieve those demands."
However, Brett said the
dissention was not a serious problem with the committee.
"I don't think its a major difference of opinion. The goal is to
stop Strangway from upping the
tuition massively and the discussion was about the two different
ways to go about it," he said.
The committee organized a
campaign to distribute literature
informing students about the rally
as well as discussing the possibility of restaging the famous Great
Trek of 1920 to raise public
awareness about the tuition is- Classifieds 228-3977
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information call 224-5202. THE MENNO
East Indian style Jan. 196:30pm. Purchase
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Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
Note: "Noon" = 12:30 pm.
Students For Choice. Video "Personal Choices" & discussion. Noon.
Buch A203.
Dance Horizons. Stretch &
Strength class taught by Dawn.
Noon. SUB partyroom.
Dance Horizons. Contemporary
Dance taught by Dawn. 3-4. SUB
Dance Horizons. Choreography
taught by Dawn. New class. 4-5.
SUB partyroom.
Student Environment Centre. Environment Week - displays, community groups, free organic coffee.
10:30-2pm. SUB concourse.
School of Music. Richard Goode.
Piano Masterclass. 7:30pm. Admission: Audit fee $10 at door.
Recital Hall, Music Bldg.
Graduate Students' Society. Free
Monday Movies - "Diva" & "Subway." 6:30. Fireside Grad. Centre.
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. Prayer meeting & breakfast.
7:30am. SUB 211.
WORD-PROCESSING 2.50/dbl sp. page.
Computers mi ths 3726 W. Broadway at Alma.
New grammar check. 224-5242.
1.50 per page (depending on quantity and
quality of sound). Good turnover. Tapes
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FIRST CHOICE Word Processing-Quality
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Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
Dance Horizons. Tap taught by
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School of Music. Richard Goode.
Piano masterclass. 7:30pm. Admission: Audit fee $10 at the door.
Recital Hall, Music Bldg.
School of Music. Richard Goode.
Piano Masterclass. 7:30pnu Admission: Audit fee $10 at the door).
Recital Hall, Music Bldg.
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The Committee on Resources and the Environment offers
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Areas of special interest include:
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Brock Hall
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making the most of the
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Former AMS President
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Monday, January 14
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Lutheran Campus Centre
Information: 224-3722
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January 11,1991 NEWS
Students want
Canadians out
of Persian Gulf
The way it was.
OTTAWA (CUP) — Groups opposed to Canada's presence in the
Persian Gulf rallied in late November to show their displeasure
with the Mulroney government.
In Calgary, more than 60
people, many of them University
of Calgary students, gathered outside a federal government building Nov. 27.
University of Calgary student
Colleen Brown, who helped organize the protest, said she believes
Canada's involvement in the gulf
is intended to divert public attention from the government's
mounting difficulties, such as the
GST, the recession, and last
summer's Oka standoff.
"No one has established that
the sovereignty of Kuwait is fundamental to US interests, let alone
Canadian interests," said protester
Tim Walters. This is not a defensive war. It is not fundamental to
our economic interests."
Rev. John Guy, a U of C
chaplai n, tol d the noon-hour crowd
that "it doesn't make sense to kill
people to prove that killing people
is wrong.
"If there is a war, it will end in
treaty and negotiation, so why not
have the negotiations now?"
Guy said the response to the
Calgary rally was encouraging.
"I have attended a lot of protests in my time and can never
remember, in Calgary, havingthat
number of motorists honking in
support," he said.
In Ottawa, about 250 demonstrators marched to the headquarters ofthe Department of National
Defence from the National War
Memorial Nov. 24.
Students from Carleton and
the University of Ottawa were
among the marchers, who chanted
"Hey ho, we won't go, we won't die
for Texaco." Their placards bore
slogans such as "Fight for peace,
not oil" and "Blood and oil don't
"We're here to give voice to
those Canadians around the country who have had to listen to war
propaganda for the last ten weeks,"
said Canadian Peace Alliance
spokesperson David Kraft.
"We're opposed to a servile and
subservient support for American
initiatives," said Kraft, who was
greeted with loud cheers.
Also on Nov. 24, about 60
protesters braved cold winds and
rain to march through downtown
"The papers have been saying
the military presence is necessary
for the protection of democracy,"
said organizer Frank Jones. "We
want to inform Canadians that our
troops are there to protect oil profits
and oil profits only."
Canadian students and peace
activists are not alone in protesting the Western military presence
in the Gulf.
In the US, college students
have helped organize protests in
16 cities, the College Press Service
The rallies drew anywhere
from 125 people in Washington,
D.C., to 5,000 in New York City.
Students also rallied in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, and
Houston, among other cities.
SFU students challenge mandatory fees
by Robin Muehlebach
Student activists at Simon
Fraser University are rallying to
make student society fees optional.
After two years of research
and preparations, the Students and
Alumni for Freedom of Association
is gearing up for a fight according
to member Phillip Eidsvik.
Eidsvik, a 33-year-old business student, said the group "will
take their complaint all the way to
the Supreme Court if necessary."
He became involved with the
issue two years ago, when he no
ticed immense waste and unac-
countability on the part the Simon
Fraser Student Society. Currently,
his group, which has 10 active
members is focusing on a petition
supporting voluntary student society fees.
"As of now, we have around
1500 signatures, and I'm confident
we can increase that number to
about two to three thousand by
next month," Eidsvik said.
The main objective of the
group's efforts, however, is to bring
down mandatory student society
fees by means of a legal challenge.
"Our student society is subject to the Registrar of Companies
in Victoria, David W. Boyd. Since
his office has retreated from their
earlier condemnation of mandatory fees, we will take his office to
court and force him to put a stop to
further compulsory fee levies."
Ei dsvik argues that hi s efforts
are justified because the student
society's poor management of
funds. He points out that almost
half of 1989's budget goes towards
administration costs and only six
percent of total funds is allocated
towards activity clubs and student
Environment week promises
to raise green consciousness
by Niko Fleming
The Student Union Building
will explode with a frenzy of environmentally conscious activities
next week.
Running from January 14 to
18, Environment Week will fill the
SUB with performers, displays,
and community groups from 10:30
a.m. to 2 p.m. every day.
Anne Aram, programs coordinator for the UBC Student Environment Centre, gave The Ubyssey
a run-down on the events:
•Learn about the Turtle Island Earth Stewards and keeping
land safe from condominiums.
•Watch a slide show by the
Vancouver Tropical Rainforest
Society—we have rain forests too,
they are not just in Brazil!
• Special noon appearances are
planned by both the seniors activist
group The Raging Grannies on
Wednesday and Holly Arntzen of
the Artists Response Team on
Monday. Arntzen will be singing
and speaking about artists and
environmental activists working
Also, bring your own mug to
the Organics table and get free
organically grown coffee. Also
learn everything you never wanted
to know about "the crap you're
eating," said Aram.
"If you have any concerns
about the environment, this is an
opportunity to involve yourselves,"
said Aram.
She stressed that the week is
designed "to show practical alternatives to current uses" and to
combat "the misleading evidence
and propaganda" that some corporations are producing.
Aram also said the SEC is
trying to change the image of environmentalists as the "hippy, dippy
and cool" crowd.
She is encouraging everyone
to get involved, sign petitions,
contribute to the garbage monster,
and talk to such diverse groups as
the Environmentally Sound
Packaging Coalition and
Vancouver's ever-popular Imagination Market.
The student society's elected
officials "were paid more money
than was spent for clubs andunions
in that year," he said. "It's curious
that (they have) been refused to
photocopy financial statements so
as to analyze the history of the
student society's handling of finances. I don't believe the conspiracy theory applies to the SFSS,
but this refusal makes you wonder
what they have to hide."
SFSS treasurer Rachel Goddu
disagrees with Eidsvik's analysis.
"A sufficient amount of funds
are needed to give the student society a well-functioning infrastructure," Goddu said. "(The
group) could be more constructive
by running in student elections
rather than causing problems and
starting brush fires. It makes me
angry how they try to undermine
the democratic process by spreading misleading and omissive half-
"They share a philosophical
conviction which is in essence very
Asked if a petition would get
the SFSS to hold a referendum on
the issue, Goddu replied: "Only if a
specific clause in our constitution
requires us to do so."
Goddu also dismissed the
association's threat of legal action.
"Given the way they have gone
about it, it's more likely that they
have given us enough reason to
take them to court."
Eidsvik said the group is not
made up of extremists. "None of us
are radical anarchists or libertarians. Our group consists of both
right and left thinking individuals, who are uncomfortable with
groups having the power to enlist
members by force."
So far, the Students and
Alumni for Freedom of Association has written to organizations
around Canada and the world, including human rights groups, politicians and groups with similar
"The only organization which
is affirmatively backing us is the
Organization of American States,
whose court ruled in favour of a
Costa Rican journalist resisting
mandatory membership in that
country's journalist association,"
Eidsvik said.
"And in Great Britain, the
Conservative Collegiate Forum is
taking the issue of compulsory student union membership to the
European Court with the help of
two MPs."
If his group is successful,
Eidsvik said SFU would not be the
only university in Canada without
mandatory student fees.
"Voluntary student society
fees have been the policy of the
University of Alberta's Law Student Association. Over 90 percent
of the students gladly pay, yet,
would cease forwarding the money
if their association wouldn't handle
that money responsibly."
January 11,1991
4:30 to 10:00 pm
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Foot Stompin' Fun
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Hadani—Jan 18
Eugene Ripper's Fast Folk
with The Dots — Jan 25
watch for more details in the
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Bad news doubled
UBC students to receive
report cards twice
by E. Griffith
The Registrar's office will mail
out grades twice a year starting
January 1992.
The new statement of grades,
intended to streamline the grade
report system, is still in its development stages, said acting Registrar Gaylea Wong.
Unlike a transcript of marks,
which covers one's entire academic
record, "the January grade mailer
will be for the first term and only
for courses completed at Christmas. There will be no grade for
your course in progress."
Senate student representative
Wendy King said the change,
passed by the Senate in December, is long overdue. "The students
want and need grades earlier.
"A lot of students applying to
other uni versitieshave to send their
grades off to them. Right now the
Registrar's office will mail your
grades directly to another institution butthey won't letyou see what
they are. The Senate has to approve
grades before they can be released
and they only do that in April." The
proposal is to approve them twice a
year, which until now the Senate
thought was too much work.
"Most other schools do this
but we haven't because we're not
on a semester system. We're try
ing to move towards a semester
system with grades," King said.
The new mailing system will
be part of the new Student Information System project, which also
changes the number of units of
credit given for full year courses
from three to six and makes final
marks out of 100 instead of the
current 150.
The cost is not yet available
for the grade mailer, but Wong
said "on an ongoing operational
basis it is likely to cost less than a
transcript mailing because it comes
directly off the [computer) system"
and does not need the university
GST screws vid kids
The Goods and Services Tax
(GST) has struck fear into the
hearts of video lovers.
Due to the recent implementation of the GST, your
favourite electric pacifier will
now cost 27 cents per play. Fortunately for all you denizens of
the bleeping room with the radioactive glow in the SUB basement, the AMS and the company
that owns the machines will be
picking up the tab—for now.
And that tab is estimated at
$12,000 in lost revenue for the
AMS for 1991.
SUB games room supervisor Tony Poh said, "We are now
charging GST for pool and
chocolate bars et cetera, but the
machines are beyond our control." The machines are owned
by a separate company which
takes fifty percent ofthe profit.
"There is quite a possibility
they will do nothing. This location is their largest revenue
(producer)," Poh said.
Another option is to change
to a token system and charge
one dollar for three. Changing
the prices at the machines is
expensive, up to thirty dollars
per machine, and is the responsibility ofthe machine owner.
For the immediate future
the price will remain the traditional quarter.
Course causes chaos
by Mark Nielsen
The "Serving It Right" course
seems to have become more of a
lesson on wading through government bureaucracy than on serving
liquor responsibly for many clubs
and student organizations on campus.
Those who want to hold bzzr
gardens have been scrambling for
course accreditation after the
provincial government made it
mandatory for all liquor functions
to have at least one person present
who has taken the course. Many
did not know about the new measures until exams had started.
SAC chairperson Roma
Gopaul-Singh said that since clubs
were made aware of the new requirements, the response has been
one of confusion about how to apply for the course and why they
have to do so.
"A lot of people are upset because it's one more thing they have
to do to have a bzzr garden, and
they say it's a hassle because they
have to have someone who has
taken the course on hand every
time they have one," she said.
Until enough clubs have
someone who has completed the
course, Gopaul-Singh says they can
hire members of SAC who have
already met the requirements to
oversee their bzzr gardens. The
cost of hiring, however, is about
the same as the registration fee for
the course, at $48 and $50 respectively.
Furthermore, Science Undergraduate Society vice-president
Alan Price sai d that although most
clubs will try to get away with
having just one member take the
course, he believes that all those
who are serving liquor must take
the course under the new guidelines.
"For it to be completely legal,
that's what must be done, but I
don't think it's going to happen,"
he said.
UBC Ski Club president
Marya Mc Vicker wonders why they
have to take the course at all.
"From what I've heard, it's all
basically common sense, so I don't
think this is particularly relevant
and I think the government is just
trying to get more money out of
us," she said.
Fiji fraternity member Jonty
Bogardus says that a fellow member has already completed the
course, having applied as soon as
he heard about it in December.
However, someone new will
have to take the course every couple
of years, Bogardus said.
January 11,1991 THE AKtS/OP-EP
An old man plays great music
by Matthew Johnson
PAUL SIMON is getting old.
He still has a voice that
magically enchants, he still
writes beautiful lyrics, he still
plays music that moves, but he
has had the luxury of being a
successful musician for over two
decades, and the years are
starting to show.
Paul Simon
Pacific Coliseum
January 9
Simon's concert at the
Pacific Coliseum was a collage of
sights and sounds, filled with
complex layerings of music. The
pieces-spanned such styles as
folk, rock, jazz, African, and
from his newer albums, Latin
and Caribbean sounds.
On stage at various times
were five percussionists, two
guitarists, a bassist, three backup singers, three horn players—
one of whom played a digital
woodwind instrument-—and
even an accordianist. Simon
sang and played acoustic guitar.
The show was filled mainly
with his new material, though a
few of his older selections were
thrown in.
Simon's new material is
nothing like his older stuff. The
new songs are the type of music
that if you got high, you would
get so mellow you'd pass out
listening. On the other hand, it
was rich with African rhythms,
jazzy blood, and lyrical poetry.
Musicians would walk on and off
stage as they were needed, and
some songs were choreographed
ballets. At one time the horn
section would be featured, then
the lyricists, then the percussionists and the accordianist, all the
while the music blending into
one beautiful tapestry.
Simon acted the part of
conductor for the evening, his
hands indicating to one group or
another when to come into the
song, and when to fade out. It
was clear from the beginning
that he was in charge.
It was in his older music
that his age began to reveal
pseudohippie patchoulie-wearing
children. Until late in the
evening, the audience simply sat
and took in the spectacle, with a
few people tapping their toes,
and the occasional stoned fan
flailing his/her arms and legs in
Paul Simon without his band
itself. His version of "Bridge
Over Troubled Waters" lacked
any sort of oomph it once had.
Simon sang a new-age jazz
version of "Cecilia" that seemed
to have lost the fun, frolicky tone
of the lyrics, and focused more on
how "trippy" Simon could make
his voice sound.
Unfortunately, the audience
was a reflection of Simon's
career. Everyone was either old
yuppies from hell, or their neo-
Two-thirds into the show the
"fans" finally started dancing to
two songs off the Graceland
album. Simon played one of them
The dancing didn't last long
Apparently the audience
didn't mind spending an evening
experiencing great music by
listening, sitting on their butts.
The applause nonetheless lured
Simon to play three encore sets.
When they are
on testosterone
by Martin Chester
I will not fight in the Gulf
There are many good reasons to fight wars. They have to
do with real democracy and human rights. It is unfortunate that
the war being proposed by U.S.
president george bush and his
cohort james baker iii involves
none of these good reasons.
This war, should it happen,
will have nothing to do with democracy or human rights. True,
Iraq is not a democracy—far from
it. But neither is Kuwait. American propaganda tells us that Kuwait is a wonderful country full
of rich people, but never forget
that it was a constitutional monarchy in which only a small minority could vote. Essentially, it
was an oligarchy with a disenfranchised lower class. The revolutionary democratic movement
in early modern Europe began as
an effort to destroy just such forms
of government.
And never can the United
States, nor the western world in
general, claim to be defending
democracy when they support
some of the most undemocratic
nations on this earth: Guatemala,
El Salvador and, until last year,
Iraq (whose horrendous human
rights record the westhas glossed
over as long as they were allies).
Earlier this week, bush asked
Congress to support increased
funding for the El Salvadoran government after an American helicopter was shot down. No one asks
whatthe helicopter was doing there
to begin with, and no one listens
when the El Salvadoran rebels
disclaim involvement. And no one
even thinks about death squads
any more, yet they continue to exist.
Even in terms of domestic
policy, there is not such thing as an
innocent state. All states oppress
some element of their societies.
Liberal democracy, by its very nature, oppresses minority groups
with the power and legitimacy of
the majority. Canada, which is
crying out against saddam
hussein's actions in the Gulf region, oppresses its own people. Remember the military action against
the Mohawks at Oka, Quebec. And
it continues to this day.
I will not put my life at risk to
save a system designed to oppress
minority groups. But more importantly I will not kill another human being to further the will of
this corrupt society.
Ask yourself what the conflict
is about? Why the Gulf? Is the
conflict more to do with justice or
oil prices? I think the later. If this
conflict were in a less oil-rich
region would there be such interest? Are we sending troops to the
Middle East to defend a beleaguered country, or to protect our
own interests in oil prices?
I will not travel to the Persian Gulf to help the re-election
of george bush. Nor will I sign up
to help joe dark prove his manhood. There is no doubt that a
short, successful war in the Gulf
would do wonders for the public
support ofthe Tories in Canada
and the Republicans in the U.S..
The morality involved in
using the bloody deaths of thousands of youths to further the
political goals of a few is so utterly twisted it is beyond thinking. Yet it is done time and time
again, maggie thatcher was reelected on the strength of her
strong action in the Palklands.
Indeed, the whole Falklands
crisis began as an attempt to
reinforce the shaky political
ground underneath general
I will not sacrifice my life,
nor will I condone sacrificing
others' lives, for the self interests
of a few world leaders who are so
high on testosterone they have
lost contact with the importance
of human life.
Interview time? Want to make a good first impression?
up to 60% off selected suits
(reg. prices $250 -$550)
455    HOWE    STREET
(between Pender & Hastings)
Telephone: 683-7739
Monday - Saturday: 9:30 - 6:00
The University of British Columbia
Frederic Wood Theatre
Our Country's Good
by Timberlake Wertenbaker
Directed by Stephen Malloy
JANUARY 16-26   8 PM
Res. 228-2678
Support Your Campus Theatre
Invites Applications for the Position of
These positions are open only to registered U.B.C. students. Successful applicants will be required to live in the Residences. Applications
forms and detailed job descriptions are availalble at the Student
Housing Office, Ponderosa Bldg., and at the Front Desk of each single
student residence area: Totem Park, Place Vanier, Walter Gage and
Fairview Crescent.
6:30 p.m. Thursday, January 10,1991 in the Maclnnes Lounge, in the
Walter Gage Residence commonsblock.
Applications will be accepted from January 2nd to January 18th, 1991 at the
Front Desks ofthe Single Student Residences, or at the Student Housing Office.
William G. Black Memorial Prize - a prize in the amount of
approximately $1,600 has been made available by the late Dr.
William G. Black. The topic for the essay will be designed to
attract students from all disciplines. The competition is open
to students who are enrolled in undergraduate or professional programs and who do not already possess a graduate
degree. A single topic of general nature related to Canadian
citizenship will be presented to students at the time of the
competition. Duration of the competition will be two hours.
Candidates should bring their student card for identification.
The competion will be held:
TIME: 10:00 A.M. - 12 NOON
January 11,1991
While all eyes have turned to the conflict brewing in the Middle East, the crisis on "the home
front" that captivated us all summer is still with
us. As the situation in the Gulf has escalated, the
media has forgotten the injustices here in Canada
and turned its cameras elsewhere.
It should hardly surprise us when this week,
armed Mohawk warriors were once again visible
in Kahnawake, just south of Montreal. The conflict, and more importantly the injustices that
caused it, have not disappeared with the dwindling
of media coverage.
A sense of frustration has grown among the
Mohawk people as both the federal and the provincial governments have reneged on their promises
for change. As well, self-government—the central
demand—has not been dealt with.
Most recently, survey marks and cut trees
have been found in "the Pines" on the Kahnesatake
Reserve near Oka indicating that clearing will
soon begin. "The Pines" were at the centre ofthe
conflict over a proposed golf course this summer.
Meanwhile, harassment by the Surete de Quebec and the RCMP has become commonplace retribution for Mohawk actions this summer. The harassment has taken the form of pulling over vehicles to check air pressure, wiper fluid levels or
flags on the back of lumber.
The Mohawk arrested last week appeared in
court with black eyes so swollen that they could
hardly see.
And Quebec Public Security minister Claude
Ryan reacted to the situation not by pushing for
real change, but by orderingthe provincial police to
increase their patrols on the reserve.
Is it any wonder then, that the Mohawk
maintain the right to police their own reserve and
have organized a 14-member police force called
"the peace-keepers."
The bigotry is not limited to the reaction from
officials with power and with a vested interest in
keeping the Mohawk down. Chateaugay residents,
many of whom were involved with rock throwing
incidents during the summer, have boycotted Native businesses to penalize them for the summer's
The Mohawk are being driven to renew their
protests. To take up arms seems to be the only way
to push the issues into the public arena. Once the
heated conflict ends, the issue is dropped.
Is this how we want problems in this society
dealt with, by force of arms? Must our minority
groups go to such extremes to get some attention to
their concerns?
We like to think not, but with the repression
being faced by the Mohawk in Kahn ewake, this can
be our only conclusion.
the Ubyssey
January 11,1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
Martin Chester raised the chalice above his head and
drank deeply of the dark mead brewed by Matthew Johnson in
his secret cellar whilst Ela3ine Griffith wandered lonely as a
cloud. Joanne Stecko beat her drum loudly as Sarah played the
fife. Paul Dayson and Greg Davis recited Welsh poetry as
Graham Cameron drained a dram of stout. Ernie Stelzer dove
on the revellers, spilling burgundy wine on the face of Andrew
Boyle, much to the amusement of Hao Li. Mark Nielsen cried
"Enough Already! This is a production night! No fun allowed!"
Robin Meuhlebach protested that "eef people vant to haf fun,
eets their fundamental rright to do so. Vote Libertarian!"
Meanwhile Niko Fleming ranted continuously about how Paul
Abbott was secretly Saddam Hussein's evil twin brother! "Ich
mochte deine a po bessein," Heidi Modro exclaimed to Yukie
Kurahashi. Victor Chew-Wong danced about madly, as U.S.
president Laurie Newell set a January 15 deadline for Michael
Booth to let go of Rebecca Bishop or Nadene Rehnby would
unleash her bigbadbats. Read this masthead backwards to find
the secret message. (It's a palindrome). Well almost...
Rebecca Bishop  •  Michael Booth  •  Martin Chester
Paul Dayson  • Mark Nielsen
TRENCH   BUILOIN&   DuRiVG- Political.  Story*,
auASl-fiRCHIOLQGlCfV-     Di&     TO   F/NO
OA/czr-v/stBie university campus
Give a break to
the animals
Although I agree that it
would be silly to apply human rights to animals, I
don't think this is quite the
issue; there aren't many
radicals who would suggest
that Gnus should be given
freedom of speech. Nor have
I heard anyone say that they
should be given the right to
have an attorney present.
Rather I think the question
of animal "rights" deals
more with whether or not
we should allow humans to
legally torture or otherwise
misuse animals in a senseless manner. It is my view
that there are many good
reasons why animal s shoul d
be covered, at least to some
extent, under human laws.
Keith Lockitch, in his
November 20th letter writes
on the subject, "It is only
because our distinctive tool
of survival is our rational
faculty—and because this
faculty functions voli-
tionally—that the concept
"rights" exists at all." He
goes on to say that because
humans created the concept
of rights and are singularly
capable of understanding
them, they alone possess
these rights. The trouble
with this line of reasoning
is that infants have no rational faculties either; rights
are created by, and understood by, adult minds. Also,
the concept of human rights
does not exist in many
yet their people possess rational faculties. If Keith's
reasoning is valid, then
since infants, mentally retarded adults, uneducated
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which isjudgedtobe libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
people, and some
Alzheimer's patients lack
rational faculties and thus
the ability to comprehend
rights they therefore have
no rights. Does this mean
that we can abuse them indiscriminately? Just as I
think that children as well
as adults have a place in the
constitution, so do I reason
that animals can also be
covered in some way.
Also, I don't think we
can be so sure that
"Animals...do not possess
the faculty of reason."
Surely a chimpanzee must
use reason to use a piece of
straw to extract termites
from a small hole in the
ground. It requires a rational thought process to use a
tool to indirectly obtain a
desired end. Just like a
human, the chimpanzee has
no doubt learnt this trick
from an older teacher,
meaning that tool use is not
an "automatic judgement,
provided by [its] physiology." It may be that some
animals are simply backward in terms of cultural
evolution, perhaps somewhat like human infants.
In addition, we probably
don't have the ability to
gauge cultural evolution in
a species other than our own
anyway. For example, can
we really be sure that bottle-
nosed dolphins, who possess
brain morphologies as superior as ours, are so very
incapable of evolving a system of morals some time in
the future? Perhaps they
already possess one, which
they get into debates over
by chirping and whistling
at one another (which beats
yelling, by the say). So I
don't think it's correct for
anyone to say dogmatically
that all animals are completely without reason, and
that they are necessarily
incapable of comprehending
rights. The existing probability that many larger
animals are more intelligent
than we had previously
thought is just another reason why I think these animals should be entitled
some protective human
Brian Rowley
Dietetics 3
To the Social Degenerate(s)/
Prick(s) from Hell who buried my car parked in R-Lot
during the afternoon or
evening of January 9:
Thanks for the exercise.
Gary Timuss
Not armed and
dangerous, yet
In the November 20th
and 30th issues of The
Ubyssey, mention was made
of what I will dub a "fangs
and claws" argument. The
misuse of this argument occurred in Paul Kennedy's
November 30th letter (surprisingly, as he is a 3rd year
Biology student and should
know better), and it is his
letter that I would like to
pick nits over.
First of all, "fangs and
claws" arguments have
many forms and uses. The
"we have not fangs or claws
and thus were never meant
by God to eat meat" variety
is just one example. However I think that the only
"fangs and claws" argument
that is really legitimate is
the "we have no fangs and
claws and thus we can't defend ourselves againstlarge
predators without the use
of tools and/or brain power"
argument, this is the reasonable "fangs and claws"
argument that was used in
the original November 20th
letter on animal rights. In
addition to not refuting this
"fangs and claws" argument
Paul even says that we do
indeed have fangs and
claws, "...cut your fingernails or brushed your teeth
lately Keith?" he asks. It
seems to me that if we have
fangs and claws, we must
al so have a tail, as do we not
possess a tailbone (coccyx)?
This joint has no other reason for being, and is put to
use by arboreal primates as
their first tail joint. But
still we don't call it a true
tail on humans just because
it's there. Nor should we
call canine teeth and fingernails "fangs and claws"
just because they're there,
as they do not function as
such (at least not any more).
I don't think Paul would
argue that our blunt fingernails and tiny canine
teeth are effective protection against large carnivores. Yet this is the only
point that was being illustrated by the "fangs and
claws" argument in the letter he is trying to disagree
Brian Rowley
Dietetics 3
January 11,1991 LETTERS/OP-ED
Take responsibility for
the Earth's health
I would like to take this opportunity to ask the good
intentioned students at UBC,
and/or those who are 'concerned'
CRISIS, if they really think they
can help detour the so-called environmentally destructive path
we are all following.
I hope, in order to make my
point clear, that I don't have to
provide an in-depth explanation
of what I mean by environment
in crisis; it is so sadly evident
(except maybe to the ignorant,
ill-informed and apathetic). On
a local scale, if you have been
keeping up with ALL the latest
hot news releases, noticed the
brown haze over the city, driven
by Burn's Bog, or attempted to
eat fish out of Howe Sound in the
past year, you may have noticed
that pollution is no longer just a
"theory". It's really out there;
being forced and encroaching
more every day by human hands.
I used to think that I
shouldn't be pessimistic and
make too
much out
of nothing,
but more
often now I
think that
I am  not
making enough out of too much!
I apologise for the rather dim
and negative start to what I
would like to be a positive and
motivating appeal!
It is really easy to think that
as 'one' of the many billions of
humans sharing this planet that
we alone cannot possibly have
any affect whatsoever on the
'whole.' It is all too obvious that
many of us believe and exist by
this notion.
It is economical, socially acceptable, politically sound and
usually easier to follow the
'NORM' or leader, and to also
think of ourselves as a special,
highly sophisticated and highly
superior entity with no need for
an infinite and secure source of
clean water, air, food and shelter. Are we not just another
member of the animal kingdom
with our own characteristic survival mechanisms?
It seems to me that we exist
on Earth looking from the outside in; by controlling what we
see and by discarding any natural processes perceived to be inferior to ours. So do we continue
to pillage and plunder the earth
or do we connect to and care for
our global home? How can I continue to feel our most sought
after emotion—HAPPINESS—
or tap into the ever-present empowering ENERGY OF LIFE,
when the world is Votting" around
For the last few years or so I
have asked and explored many
similar questions. I feel fortu
nate to have access to a wealth of
information and experience here
at UBC by which I can gain
awareness and confidence in my
decision making processes.
Besides exploring possible
solutions in academic circles, I
also listen to, and communicate
with, many individuals who are
also exploring their connection
and purpose.
One ofthe more progressive
avenues I have found, for stimulating thought processes concerning environmental issues, is
through action groups on and off
campus; especially the new AMS
Stewardship Club. This club
meets every week with a guest
speaker to discuss how our sense
of personal responsibility can
actually help change the larger
picture; from a caring not a possessing motivation. The topic
material is extremely interesting and motivating. This opportunity for communication and
self exploration is one of MANY
available to us in this time of
we really
capable of
being responsible
for what
happens in and around us? I
believe we are. If we think that
someone will always be here to
clean up after us, or that by ignoring the problem it will go
away, our brain matter is not
being used—we might as well be
No matter what excuse is
used to avoid positive action, the
fact remains; good feelings do
not just appear in our lives of
their own volition—choices have
to be made to recognize them,
receive them and feel them!
If at this point in your life
you do not have time, ability or
inclination to strap yourself to
logging machines, set safe
courses for oil tankers, or write
letters to the government, at
least just continue to think
positively (there is still some time
to find something that you can
I'm certainly not perfect in
my living style yet; I still use
products that are made by and
from earth extractions that are
never going to be replaced or
recycled, but I do hold this most
optimistic (and possibly unreal-
tic) ideal: we will survive this
noisif we all identify ourreasons
for wanting to survive, if we all
pool our positive energies, and if
we all begin to love that which
we are naturally sharing on this
wonderful planet! Thanks for
your time!
Nicole Kohnert
Have You Picked Up Your
B.C. Student Loan
or Equalization Payment?
Students who applied last summer and fall for aid through the B.C.
Student Assistance Program and qualified for B.C. Student Loans are
reminded that their loan documents (Certificates I) are available for pick
up at the Awards Office in Room 101 of the General Services
Administration Building on weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
Picture I.D. must be presented. Loan recipients are urged to claim their
Certificates I as soon as possible. These documents must be taken to the
bank for negotiation, a process which can require several days.
Students who qualified for Equalization Payments should report to the
Awards Section of the Department of Financial Services inRoomlOlof the
General Services Administration Building to claim their cheques. Photo
I.D. will be required.
BSCAP applicants are also reminded to complete their Statements of
Personal Responsibility and return them to the UBC Awards Office
promptly. Failure to do so by the end of the term could disqualify
applicants for Loan Remission after graduation.
Students who have not paid their second term tuition fees by January 22,
or made other arrangements with the Department of Financial Services,
will have their registration cancelled.
Rally with speakers from the
Vancouver Arab, Jewish and
Native communities at Robson
Square in front ofthe
Vancouver Art Gallery.
Followed by a march
to the US Consulate on
West Georgia.
Stop the Gulf War.
Saturday Jan. 12, 1PM.
South Side of Robson Square.
Emergency Conference
9:30 to 12:30
Sat, Jan. 12.
Christchurch Cathedral
(690 Burrard St.)
For information call End the
Arms Race, 736-2366
12:00 MONDAY, JAN.21.
War. .
.sexism... clearciits.
e1e s s ness ... fee
•    *■   ■                                  ■                       ^"*   ^^   ffi               n - - -            ' n      ^    ■
r ujiuri.
. .If* '.IMU. . .<J.d. J. lULll.lIl.JMri. . .
Shitty world?
Want to change it?
Stop by the Ubyssey
SUB 241k
No experience necessary.
n®"  os*  US'  US'  US'  ns°
UBC Bookstore and the GST
As everyone knows the Goods and Services Tax (GST) came
into effect January 1,1991. The GST replaces the Federal
Sales Tax (FST), which   as a "hidden" tax applied to
stationery, giftware, calculators, electronic products and
computer hardware. (Books and clothing were not taxed
under the FST.)
With the removal of the FST prices on stationery, giftware
and computer products are being reduced. The UBC
Bookstore is passing these savings on to our customers. The
prices on our computer hardware and software products have
been adjusted and you will be charged the lower FST free
price. On stationery, calculators, electronic products and
giftware prices will be reduced by 10% at the cash register
January 2-31 (please see in store signs).
If you have any questions please contact a member of our
Debbie Harvie
6200 University Boulevard-228-4741
«sn cSn cSn <®n «sn  «Sfl
January 11,1991
January 11,1991


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