UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 10, 1977

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Array Ontario students supported on two fronts in fight
Canadian University Press
Ontario students' province-wide
fight against a $100 tuition hike at
universities and $75 at colleges has
received support from the Labor
Council of Metropolitan Toronto
and the University of Ottawa
The council voted Feb. 3 to
support suggestions from the
Ontario Federation of Students in
the fight against the hikes, which
will be implemented in September,
and the U. of 0 senate made its
decision Monday after 500 students
demonstrated in senate chambers.
The council agreed to:
• support OFS in its opposition to
tuition fee increases;
• urge the Ontario Federation of
Labour to immediately appeal
tmharry Parrott, the minister of
colleges and universities, to
suspend or withdraw the increases;
• send a statement to all three
political parties in Ontario expressing their concern with the
actions of the Conservative
The OFL will decide soon
whether to appeal to Parrott,
according to University of Toronto
student external commissioner
John Doherty.
The U of O senate vote followed
its rejection of a student union
motion calling on the university to
refuse the government-set tuition
fee hike and a subsequent amendment asking the university administration to refuse to collect the
extra $100.
The students met in a general
assembly addressed by student
union president Paul Roleau, then
marched around and through the
senate chambers where the
senators were meeting to discuss
the issue.
The march on senate and the
tabling of the student motion are
the U of O student union's answer
to a provincewide student call for
action on the Ontario government's
fee hike for colleges and universities. Most campuses, following
the strategy laid down at a mid-
January meeting of the OFS have
planned a day or half-day boycott
of classes today.
The U of O senate also
unanimously called on the
university governing board to
reconsider   its   decision   to   im-
Vol. LIX, No. 47     VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1977    «d^>48   228-2301
plement a 250 per cent fee hike for
foreign visa students. So far the
governing boards of three Ontario
universities have refused to implement the hike.
Senate will also discuss at its
next meeting recommendations
from university president Roger
Guindon calling on the Ontario
government to conduct an inquiry
into the question of tuition fee hikes
and a freeze on further tuition
hikes until the inquiry reaches a
resolution. An amendment from
senate also advocated a rollback of
the current fee hike.
Guindon's move is surprising
considering he had chaired a
committee of the Council of Ontario Universities (an association
of university presidents acting in
an advisory capacity to Parrott),
which has in the past recommended fee hikes of 25 per cent and
10 per cent respectively.
— doug field photos
communicatus interruptus
AMS members call rally
opposing tuition increase
The Alma Mater Society external affairs committee will
organize a rally Feb. 24 to protest
tuition fee increases, committee
member Pam Willis said Tuesday.
The committee passed a motion
supporting a rally at its Tuesday
meeting. The motion will be taken
to Thursday's student representative assembly meeting for approval.
Willis said if the SRA does not
support the motion, the committee
will organize the rally without
council support.
Administration president Doug
Kenny has said tuition fees will
increase by about 25 per cent for
most students and up to 40 per cent
for students in professional
facuHies. But the board of
governors must make the final
decision about increasing fees.
Willis said the committee slated
the rally for Feb. 24 so students can
make their feelings known before
the board meets in March to decide
about fees.
The external affairs committee
rejected an earlier proposal from
undergraduate society presidents
to boycott tuition fees only if they
rise by more than 10 per cent.
Admin considers killing
UBC employment program
The administration will decide
next week whether to opt out of a
$12,000 work-study "program that
could provide 11 part-time jobs for
students, financial awards officer
Byron Hender said Wednesday.
The jobs are part of a provincial
government program announced
in January to create 100 jobs for
B.C. students, funded by the
Canada Student Loan Plan.
Hender said the administration
was hoping to provide career-
related jobs in academic research
for students, but it may be too late
in the term to create the jobs.
Hender said the administration
also hoped to provide work in
libraries for students, but the union
representing UBC's library and
clerical is opposed to, the idea.
Union spokeswoman Nancy
Wiggs said the' Association of
University and College Employees
is concerned that people who are
not part of the bargaining unit
would take jobs away from union
"We've got people who are laid
off right now," she said. "They
should be hired from the recall
But Hender said he will not
blame AUCE if the program is
"I don't want to put the blame on
the unions," Hender said. "I don't
See page 2: JOB
Committee member Joanne
Clifton said it would.be unethical
for the committee to support a 10
per cent tuition increase, because
it has said previously it is opposed
to any tuition increase because it
would limit accessibility to post-
secondary education.
Student board of governors
member Moe Sihota said undergraduate society presidents at
Monday's meeting decided on 10
per cent increases because they
thought student wages would rise
by approximately the same
Committee members were
divided on their support of a rally.
"A rally has to pull up people and
appeal to a lot of people, and it's a
lot of work. I'm not sure if people
have the time," said Sihota. He
added he would not have time to
work on a rally.
"The undergraduate presidents
have said (at Monday's meeting)
they would not support a rally, and
there's no assurance we could pull
it off."
Sihota said the presidents would
support a boycott, and "The
probability of a boycott being a
success is greater."
But Willis and other members
said a rally was needed to gauge
student support for a boycott —
students would pay fees but not the
increase— before they could judge
the probably success of a tuition
Willis introduced a motion
asking that a boycott be held only if
a rally showed sufficient support,
See page 2: TUITION
Greer urges pullout
In the wake of announcements of tuition fee increases at B.C.
universities, a Universities Council report has revealed that access to
higher education is already limited mainly to the sons and daughters of
the rich and middle-class. Ubyssey reporter Heather Walker writes about
the report on page 3.
Widespread use of contraceptive devices such as
the pill and the intrauterine device is unhealthy and
dehumanizing to women, feminist Germaine Greer
said Wednesday.
She advocated coitus interruptus and "relative
abstinence" as alternative means of birth control.
(Coitus interruptus is withdrawal of the penis from
the vagina prior to ejaculation.)
"We still believe that coitus interruptus is a bad
thing," Greer told the 900 persons — most of them
women — gathered iii the SUB ballroom. "All the
things we used to say about masturbation we now say
about coitus interruptus."
Entitled Feminism and Fertility, Greer's witty and
anecdotal speech was greeted warmly by the partisan audience.
In addition to pointing out the physical and social
dangers of contraceptive devices, Greer attacked the
"inverse puritanism" of Western society's adherence
to intromission as the acceptable form of sexual
intercourse. Intromission is penetration of the vagina
by the penis.
"Why are we saying that imitating impregnation is
the only correct way to convey erotic affection?" she
said. "Especially when we don't do that with groups
who are gay?"
The conventional sex act — intromission — has
sado-masochistic overtones, she said.
"Many people who are homosexuals are so because
they have rejected this," she said.
Greer said the pill has detracted from the quality of
sexual intercourse instead of enhancing it.
"It very often seems to me that in our society, intromission has become a substitute for conversation," she said. "How many times have you
really wanted this? How many times have you exchanged it for a good night's sleep?"
Greer criticized feminists — including herself— for
endorsing oral contraceptives when they were first
"Thepill wasgoing to make it all Lady Chatterley's
Lover and twine flowers in our pubic hair," she said.
"Who is at fault? I have to say, partially I am . . .
I'm from the Saran Wrap generation."
Greer said oral contraceptives affect the sugar
balance in the vagina, causing yeast infections such
as candidiasis, and inhibits the growth of endocrine
systems when used by girls shortly after puberty.
"You have to ask yourself, 'What am I doing to
me?' If you don't know the active ingredients in
whatever you're taking, you're treating your body
with criminal disdain," she said. "You're not taking
care of hourself and that's a crime in anyone's
See page 2: PULL Page 2
Thursday, February 10, 1977
Tuition protest rally set
From page 1
but the motion was revised to read
that a boycott should be the AMS'
next step following a rally.
Committee member Elaine
Bernard, who said she has participated in boycotts at Carleton
University in Ontario, said
boycotts "are 20 times harder than
rallies and have to be 100 per cent
"Students are demoralized
because each one is doing it alone.
The only effective kind of a boycott
is a 100 per cent one, where the
AMS sets up a fund and uses it as
bargaining power."
Job program
From page 1
think   the   unions   are
The other campus union affected
by the program is the Canadian
Union of Public Employees, which
represents UBC's physical plant,
food services and residence
Hender said: "We're hesitant
because we don't want to get into
something that won't work next
year. We didn't find out about it
until late November. The program
was given to us in a hurry and we
didn't have enough time."
Hender added that it is difficult
to start the pilot program now
because the winter session will
soon be over.
Simon Fraser University
received $11,000 this term for a
work-study project involving 10
students. The students have
organized a tutorial service and
are conducting sports programs in
high schools.
Hender said he does not know
whether the program will be expanded next year.
Committee member John
Russell said students could pay
their fees into a special AMS fund,
and the AMS could then bargain
effectively with the administration.
Student board member Basil
Peters said: "I think a rally would
be fantastic and I'd really like to
see it, but I'm not sure it would
"Remember National Students
Day was a lotof work, and still only
200 to 250 people turned up. The
administration sees that and
"Unless there's a great plan or
something has changed, then I
doubt it will work," Peters said.
B.C. Students' Federation
fieldworker Karen Dean criticized
fee boycotts because "they depend
too much on individuals and are
difficult to sustain."
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"When the registrar's office
starts to hand out nasty notices,
students hand in their fees," Dean
The BCSF will meet today to
discuss possible ways to oppose
tuition increases, she said.
External affairs committee
members Willis, Clifton, Bernard,
Christine McLeod and Jhwon
Wentworth will present a proposal
for the rally to Thursday's council
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From page 1
Greer said coitus interruptus
was a common method of birth
control before the introduction of
the pill and the IUD, and that it is
still in common use in many parts
of the world.
"In Italy they call it belly-
painting," she said.
"I think really we were paving
the way for the universal accessibility of women, "she said. "It
never occurred to us to ask our
parents how they had fewer
"We've now got a generation of
women who are almost completely
accessible, and they suffer almost
universally from pelvic inflammatory diseases."
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Page 3
Having a
Wish you
were here!
UBC .. . only children of rich can afford to attend
— matt king photo
If you're from a working class family in Spuzzum, B.C.,
you probably won't be reading this.
That's because your chance of attending UBC or any
other B.C. university is lower than if, for example, you
come from a professional, high-income family in the
Lower Mainland.
This is one of the conclusions of a Universities Council
report on accessibility to post-secondary education in B.C.
The report was commissioned by the council two years
ago and presented to council chairman William Armstrong Jan. 4.
According to the report, of the 26 per cent of grade 12
students going immediately to university or college after
graduation, 50 per cent were the children of professionals,
while only 15 per cent were the children of miners,
loggers, fishermen and farmers.
And 33 per cent of students completing grade 11 in North
and West Vancouver went on to university or college,
while only 13 per cent of those in the Prince Rupert to
Dawson Creek area went on to college or university.
And, says the report, the differences are even greater if
dropout rates are taken into consideration.
According to the report, students are discouraged from
entering post-secondary institutions because of their
personal finances — lack of money was the main reason
given by students who had decided not to go on to college
or university — difficulty in finding information on the
institutions, distance of institutions from their homes, and
a feeling of not belonging in the institution.
"One of the major barriers to accessibility, perhaps the
most awesome barrier, is the sense on the part of the
prospective student (usually a member of an identifiable
group with low participation rates) that the public institution, the school, has been established by and for
somebody else and does not, in any real sense, 'belong' to
him, his family, or community," the report says.
"lliis sense of being in an 'alien' institution also makes
it difficult for such students to stay in school even when
they do take the courageous step of entering.
Poorer students
feel left out
"The privilege that the children of the well to do have,
and the 'have nots' do not, is the ability to use their talents
and powers within social institutions which 'they' (their
relatives, neighbors, friends and communities) have
created and maintain. Such places, schools and places of
work, actually belong to them. They feel 'at home' and
comfortable using them.
"Time and time again as we listened to people in
communities around the province, we discovered that
major barriers to access were grounded on the fact and
perception that the institutions to which people wanted
access were established and run by somebody else,
somewhere else, in the interests of others."
Recommendations range from accepting the principle
that accessibility to post-secondary education is a right, to
proposed changes in the student aid plan and a plan to
extend financial aid to secondary school students.
And the report condemns schools for failing to remedy
inequalities between classes and perpetuating existing
social conditions.
In an appendix to the report, UBC history professor
Stephen Straker says if there really was equality of access
to post-secondary institutions, there would be "the same
distribution of sexes, races, ethnic groups, students from
urban and rural backgrounds and socio-economic classes
as we find in the general population."
And, he says, if admission to post-secondary institutions
was based on merit — that is, academic standing — there
would be a high proportion of students who have done well
on IQ and aptitude tests.
Instead, Straker says, "the proportion of white, middle
and upper class, urban males" is much higher in post-
secondary schools than in the general population.
And according to a 1971 Ontario study, 71 per cent of
students with low aptitude test scores from high income
families graduated from Grade 13, but only 68 per cent of
"high ability" students from low income families
graduates from Grade 13.
Dumb rich enrol,
smart poor don't
Ontario Liberal MP Timothy Reid described the
situation bluntly:
"Whereas one-third of the brightest children of the poor
in Canada do not survive to the final years of high school,
one-third of the stupidest children of the rich clutter up
our universities."
Straker says it is generally believed that schools are
"agents of equal opportunity in society . . . and provide
grounds for people to compete fairly for jobs."
"In this sense schools are expected to be the agents of
upward social mobility and a social leveller, shrinking the
distinctions between rich and poor. But the prestigious
and highly paid positions in our society are occupied by a
disproportionate number of white, affluent, urban males.
"Their sons have a better chance at these places than
their daughters or the children of working class families,"
Straker says.
And, he says, the continuation of this "disproportion
shows that schools are not changing society, but merely
perpetuating the present social structure.
The Universities Council is not in a position to change
society. But it can make recommendations which it feels
will help improve accessibility to post-secondary institutions, and open the issue to public discussion.
In fact, the council's final recommendation is that it
seek public reaction to its report by distributing it to "all
existing government and private bodies, departments and
boards, or agencies concerned with education in B.C."
The council report makes several recommendations
about student aid because it found many students did not
attend colleges and universities because of shortage of
"That lack of funds is a major factor affecting students'
decisions to enter post-secondary institutions is demonstrated by a recent study conducted in October, 1976 by
the University of Victoria.
"Of the 700 students admitted for the fall term, but who
did not register, a full 25 per cent indicated that 'lack of
funds' was the primary reason for their decision not to
enrol," the report says.
The report criticizes the present student loan plan
because of eligibility restrictions requiring that students
must be taking a full or almost full course load before they
can apply for student aid, and must prove they are "independent."
The committee recommends that grants as well as
loans be made available to all students depending on their
And it also recommends student aid assessments be
made without reference to the financial status of the
students' parents. "The age of majority is 18 years, and
any student this age should be regarded as an adult and
treated as such," the recommendation continues.
Many students are not supported by their parents, even
if the parents could afford to do so, the report says. Under
present student aid policy, parents are required to state
their incomes and expenses to prove that they are not able
to support the student.
In order to speed up the processing of applications, the
committee recommends they be processed by financial
aid officers at the colleges or universities rather than in
The committee also says many students are unaware of
the existence of a student aid plan.
"In both the 1974-75 and 1975-76 academic years 65 per
cent of the students who in grade 12 indicated that they did
not intend to proceed to post-secondary education had
never heard of the B.C. Student Aid Program," it says.
And, it adds, 41 per cent of the students who said they did
plan to continue said they had not heard of the assistance
' The report recommends the education ministry sponsor
an information campaign to tell high school students
about the plan.
Finally, it recommends the loan-grant structure of
student aid be changed to a system where a student
receives a sum up to a predetermined amount "on the
condition that a fixed percentage of income be paid back
for a specified number of years following leaving college
or university."
This system would mean, according to the committee,
that students earning higher incomes after graduation
would pay back all the money they received, while those
with low incomes would only pay back a portion.
In another recommendation of financial aid, the
committee says money shbuld be made available to high
school students who cannot afford to stay in school, and
would otherwise drop out.
And high school students should be allowed to enrol on a
part-time basis.
Counselling should be improved in the Interior, the
report says. It says information is not readily available in
many Interior high schools about post-secondary institutions, and this discourages students from attending
It also recommends that entrance requirements to the
three coastal universities from community colleges be
standardized to prevent near-duplication of courses in
community colleges trying to prepare students for any of
the three.
Such a change would mean students would not have to
decide which university they wished to attend until after
their second year at college.
Report reveals
social inequality
The report's importance is not in its recommendations,
but in its attempt to determine which factors are really
responsible for limited accessibility to post-secondary
education in B.C.
The reasons are social and economic, and the recommendations in most cases can only affect economic
causes. They cannot change individual attitudes and
cannot make students who have never expected to go to
university change their minds.
The report reveals the inequality of the present system,
and clearly states that the situation is unfair. Recommendations aimed at changing the economic situation of
students from lower income families can help some of
these people, if they are accepted.
The report must still be discussed by either the
government or other agencies.
But even if all the recommendations are acted upon,
there is no guarantee there will be a dramatic improvement in the accessibility of B.C.'s colleges and
universities. Page 4
Thursday, February 10, 1977
There's hope yet for B.C.'s
post-secondary education
The potential exists for
making that system accessible
to everyone in B.C. who wants
to be a part of it.
The potential is in a report
prepared by the Universities
Council's ad hoc committee on
accessibility — which has
produced some well-
considered, progressive
recommendations to make
post-secondary education
The report itself points out
facts about how accessible
post-secondary education is.
For instance, that you're more
likely to get that education if
you come from a relatively
wealthy background, if you
live in an urban area and if
you're relatively young.
Better yet, the report includes 25 recommendations
about how to change those
It recommends the
Universities Council endorse a
principle of universal accessibility, saying "All British
Columbians should have access to educational services
when they desire to take
advantage of them and when
Report cheers
they can benefit from them.
Barriers to accessibility . . .
should be abolished."
It also recommends the
council endorse the principle
that the right to complete
secondary school education
and training should exist
regardless of age and financial
Another recommendation
states even more definitely
that "the Universities Council
endorse the principle that no
person    should    be    denied
educational opportunities on
the grounds of inadequate
financial resources alone."
And following recommendations suggest ways the
council and the government
could put teeth into those
principles, so that the principles become actual fact.
For example, the report
recommends that "financial
aid should be available to
persons wishing to remain in
school beyond the age of legal
compulsion   and    to    persons
wishing to return and to
complete secondary
It goes further.
It supports a council motion
approved last month that
provincial student aid grant
regulations be changed "so
that grants be made available
to any student, based on need.
And it further suggests the
Canada Student Loan Plan be
changed to allow loans on a
similar basis.
There's    more.   The   report
recommendations go so far as
to regard students as adults.
One recommendation urges
"that student aid assessments
be made without reference to
the financial status of a
student's parents. The age of
majority is 18 years and any
student of this age should be
regarded as an adult and
treated as such."
And the recommendations
consider the plight of mature
students and student parents.
One recommendation urges
the human resources ministry
to rescind its recent decision to
exclude full-time students from
child care allowances. It also
suggests the Council urge the
human resources ministry to
increase the maximum
allowable  child  care  subsidy.
It's cheers all the way for the
authors of the report and its
impressive   recommendations.
We can only hope now that
the Universities Council, when
it considers the report either
later this month or in March,
has the good sense to endorse
it and the courage to ensure
that its recommendations are
carried out by a government
that has not so far been forced
to care about education.
AMS leader urges action against tuition increases
Ever since the provincial budget was
announced three weeks ago, the Alma Mater
Society has been under considerable
pressure to initiate some type of action
around the tuition fee increase issue.
Students on campus have been visiting the
AMS offices regularly and inquiring about
our reaction.
Individuals at other provincial institutions
have been waiting for UBC and the AMS to
show some leadership on the matter.
Even the odd reporter from The Ubyssey
has been pestering us about a decision.
Tonight, the AMS will finally decide its
course of action.
Regardless of what the final decision will
be, in order for it to be successful, assembly
members are going to have to demonstrate
a characteristic that they have so far failed
to do.
Throughout the past year, assembly
members have voted to adopt certain
measures and take specific actions.
However, they have failed to exercise any
commitment and responsibility in carrying
out the prescribed tasks.
In other words, they have voted to do
something, but then few people have been
willing to expend the energy required to
fulfill the decision.
Consequently, a handful of people have
been forced to do all of the AMS's work.
To state it a little differently, apathy runs
rampant on council.
Until council members overcome their
apathetic habits, one cannot expect the
campus to shed its apathetic image.
Assembly members have got to realize
that they must do more than merely vote on
If representatives are unwilling to spend
time speaking to classes, attending committee meetings or handing out leaflets,
then they should either quit or not vote.
All of-this is directly related to the tuition
Today's decision may upset a few people
and in fact many will oppose it.
However, if the course of action we are to
adopt is to be successful, each council
representative must be willing to work and
support it, regardless of how he or she voted.
Any action, no matter how "radical," can
be successful if these 52 people are willing to
get off their asses for a change.
I hope that for once they will.
I don't particularly enjoy chastising
student representative assembly members
in public, but if that's what is needed, I'm
willing to do it.
Personally, it is my belief that a tuition fee
rally, followed by a tuition boycott, is
needed on this campus if the increase is to
be effectively blocked.
If students on this campus come out to a
rally it will provide us with the type of
mandate we need on the board of governors
to divert or minimize tuition fee increases.
A rally is quite a radical undertaking in
these so-called "apathetic 1970s."
However, I cannot accept the fact that
there is a student on this campus who would
be pleased to pay a $200 increase in fees.
The $200. increase can be reduced substantially if students donated an hour or two
of their time and attended an on-campus
rally. Spending an hour at a rally may well
save you as much as $2(X> — it's well worth
showing up.
I would urge every student at UBC to
come to a rally. You have nothing to lose and
everything to gain.
I would like to say that I agree with The
Ubyssey. A10 per cent tuition fee boycott is
However, a rally is also pointless unless
SRA representatives are willing to work on
Moe Sihota
external affairs officer
Alma Mater Society
Cyclist proposes plan to improve biking conditions
As a cyclist who uses the University
Boulevard cycle path regularly, I would like
to thank University Endowment Lands
manager R. P. Murdoch for marking a new
cycle route along Toronto to Wesbrook even
though the route is still incomplete beyond
its junction with Wesbrook.
On the other hand, the other changes
recently instituted by Murdoch — namely
the four curbs blocking the old cycle route —
are not an improvement.
Aside from the fact that these curbs were
initially unmarked and acted as booby traps
for unsuspecting cyclists, they are just
another obstacle for people trying to bicycle
to UBC.
Contrary to what the UEL management
may think, cycling is not just a frivolous
form of recreation for a few oddballs, but a
legitimate   mode   of   transportation   for
hundreds of students, faculty and staff.
In fact, it is clear that there would be a
substantial direct benefit to the entire
university community if more people could
be persuaded by safe and direct cycle routes
to leave their cars at home, and bicycle to
the campus.
To get some idea of one type of benefit
which would accrue, one need only look at
that wasteland called B-lot.
As an alternative to the current negative
approach, I propose a modest three-pokng
plan for improving cycling conditions:
1. Widen the sidewalk on the south side of
University from Toronto to Acadia and
put a yellow line or low barrier down the
centre indicating that one side is for
pedestrians and the other for cyclists.
FEBRUARY 10, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the
Alma Mater Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff
and not of the AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The
Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial
departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
It was the eve of the apocalypse and each Ubyssey staffer spent the last few hours in a
special way. Steve Howard climbed in his cab and drove to Matsqui with a copy of Fear and
Loathing in Las Vegas propped on the dashboard. Ralph Maurer went to the pool hall and
watched the Canucks lose to the Spuzzum Spazams on T.V. Marcus Gee hopped on his bycycle
and raced the 6 a.m. bus to Nelson while Heather Walker whispered affectionately to a vat of
homemade beer. Matt King photographed Doug Field filming Kathy Ford reading Jung while
Shane McCune did Bogie imitations for his best friend, a bottle of CC. Meanwhile Sue Vohanka
bathed "in a tub "full of Black Russians with Scoop the Peerless Newshound and Dave Hancock
fondled his Letraset.
Establish a bicycle crossing at Acadia
at which cyclists have the right of way
over cars. Similarly, widen and divide the
section of sidewalk between Acadia and
Wesbrook on the north side of University.
2. Complete the Chancellor cycle route by
widening and leveling the sidewalk on the
south side from Acadia to Wesbrook Place
and then f ill in the gaps to the junction of
Chancellor with Northwest Marine.
3. Construct a cycle path (and a sidewalk) in
thecleared strip beside West 16th through
the endowment lands, from Blanca to the
four-way stop at Wesbrook. Connect this
route with widened shoulders on
Wesbrook to the onorthwest corner of B-
Since the people who would benefit the
most from these improvements are
university students and employees, perhaps
some senior member of the university administration could convince the UEL
manager to channel some lawn and flower
bed money into constructing safe, direct
cycle routes.
Tom Tiedje
physics graduate student
The Ubyssey welcomes letters from all
Letters should be signed and typed.
Pen names will be used when the writer's
real name is also included for our information in the letter or when valid reasons
for anonymity are given.
Although an effort is made to publish all
letters received, The Ubyssey reserves the
right to edit letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.
Letters should be addressed to the paper
care of campus mail or dropped off at The
Ubyssey office, SUB 241 K. Thursday, February 10, 1977
Page 5
Thank you for printing my reply
to the statement attributed to
(board of governors chairman
Thomas) Dohm. I was reluctant to
believe he had made it, if only
because I am sure he is well informed about the access to information question.
In fact, last September, when I
delivered by letter informing him
of my intention to appeal at his
office, he was attending the conference of the Canadian Bar
Association which fully endorsed
John Turner's important
statement in support of access to
Intimidation should have no part
to play in a university.
Nor should sensationalism. You
headed your Jan. 20 issue Liver-
Livermore says he's not part of vendetta,
just wants new president, arts dean
more attacks admin. In my letter I
took care to attack no one.
I stated that our department had
been prevented from getting the
best staff because of the "lack of
basic academic principles of the
That is a statement of fact, not
an attack.
Your editorial (of Friday)
speaks of a "vendetta" and refers
to your capacity for not "getting
excited or worked up."
A vendetta is a Corsican feud
among vindictive people. There is
certainly no vendetta on my part.
Nor am I asking anyone, particularly The Ubyssey, to get
worked up or excited.
I am suggesting that this
university needs reforms, and that
it needs a change of president and
I can understand your curiosity
about my dismissal, and I will try
to satisfy it without violating the
"confidential" stamp which appears on the university's papers.
The university knows of a
procedure for removing a head.
Heartfelt anger expressed to engineer
I would like to express my heartfelt anger to
engineering representative Steve Creed, who two
weeks ago promised the student representative
assembly that there would be no sirens and no
streams of toilet paper polluting this campus during
engineering week.
Foolishly believing you, Creed, I risked spending
the night in Gage, my home, only to be jarred awake
at 2 a.m. by an air raid siren which lasted at least 20
The next morning the trees around Sedgewick
library were littered with toilet paper and balloons.
Some may call this insanity "school spirit," but I call
it inconsideration and destruction.
When I reminded you last week in the SRA meeting
of your promise, Creed, you denied having made it at
When I suggested that some people may have had
exams the next day, you jeered, "oh, those poor
_ Steve Creed, aside from parading a naked woman
around on horseback to advertise the fact that you
are the engineers (all intelligent women please take
note), and sponsoring breakfasts for orphans, to snow
over an increasingly disgusting image, what do you
really care about?
Surely it isn't people.
Carol Obedkoff
education representative
student representative assembly
The relevant paper states: "It is
essential that disciplinary
proceedings generate confidence
in faculty members that administrative actions are based on
fair hearings and procedures."
The procedure recommended is
that if a dean thinks a head should
be removed, he should inform the
president and set up a committee
from his faculty and consisting of
two or three heads, and two or
three senior members of the
faculty, the chairman being named
by the dean.
If this committee finds there is a
case for removal, the matter
should go to an all-university body
including nominees of the head
concerned, the department and the
dean, who is a non-voting member.
I don't think anyone should
object to such a procedure if fairly
applied. Instead, the dean of arts
chose a different method. Why?
It seems reasonable to conclude
that the motive was that the
method outlined about would not
have produced the result he was
intent on getting, namely my
Instead, the dean chose to hold a
review of the department,
organized by and answerable only
to himself. As I told you last week,
he attempted to keep the resulting
report to himself.
The report, when I got it, proved
to be defamatory. It should be
obvious that a dismissal based on
defamatory evidence is a wrongful
dismissal. Wrongful dismissal is a
serious offence, as any union
member will tell you.
I do not wish to make a scandal
for the university. Those
responsible have it in their power
to terminate the situation they
have created now. I believe they
should act without much more
Harold Livermore
professor, Hispanic studies
Tuition fees—another view
By opposing the payment of
tuition fees entirely in your
editorials I believe you are being
simply silly.
The essence of this silliness is
that you see tuition fees as being
Paltry, huh?
Doug, George and Susie: Hot
damn! $300!
A paltry donation, huh? I'm sure
that the children who received the
money feel exactly like you do.
You've got nerve criticizing
someone else for how much charity
they donate. I wouldn't criticize
you for not bothering to donate a
cent because the breakfast was
sponsored by the "gears."
And what about this "student
body at large" donating. I'll
guarantee that over 90 per cent of
the people at the breakfast were
engineers. If it wasn't raining
more of the arts types would have
come too.
I've got a suggestion for the
three of you: Next time you're
going to complain about how much
charity someone should donate,
why don't you save the cost of ink
and paper, add up the value of your
time to write and deliver the letter,
and donate the nickel to someone
that needs it.
Rick Cohen
mineral engineering 2
'Discriminatory' AMS policy slammed
There seems to be a policy of
the Alma Mater Society
speakers committee to
discriminate against students
(vs. other population).
I went to buy tickets for the
Germaine Greer talk and had to
pay the non-student rate of $2
per ticket even though I showed
my AMS card.
The excuse I got for this
robbery was, "we have sold all
the student tickets."
This suggests that there is a
quota on the number of students
that may attend a student-
sponsored event as students.
I would like someone to answer why some students are
forced to pay non-student rates
to AMS events.
I would also like to know if it
is the policy of the AMS
speakers committee not to
honor its advertisements which
say that students pay only $1
per ticket.
There are a number of
students in the same
predicament that I find myself
Why is the speakers committee fraudulently cheating
students by denying them the
right to buy tickets at the price
stated in the ads? There is no
mention in the ads of a quota on
student attendance.
Gerald McLaren
unclassified 5
Pancake breakfast purpose explained
In response to the letter in
Friday's Ubyssey concerning the
engineer's pancake breakfast, I
would like to straighten out a few
First of all, the purpose of the
breakfast was not to justify
engineering week.
Odd women have fine time
I would like to respond to a letter that appeared in Friday's Ubyssey.
One student wrote into complain she had not been paid for some dry
cleaning which was made necessary by the actions of one engineer.
Now I sympathize and agree with her claim to the money, and I hope
she gets it.
I do not, however, agree with her criticism of the whole engineering
Every faculty has its unusual characters and the engineers are no
exception. They also have more spirit than the rest of the campus put
Her closing remarks that no decent woman would go out with em
engineer is an insult to the 500 odd (sic) women who attended the
engineers' ball and were shown a very fine time by some equally fine
Jayne Thirsk
home economics 2
Is UBC theatre unaware?
During the 16 years that I have
had the pleasure of teaching at
UBC, the Frederic Wood Theatre
has, to my knowledge, produced
exactly one Canadian play — a
badly truncated version of James
Reaney's The Killdeer, which was
put on during a summer session.
I was out of the country during
the 1967-68 season, but I don't
suppose Canada's centennial made
any difference to Freddy Wood's
continuous stream of New York
and London-approved pap.
Is the department of theatre
unaware that Canadian drama is
now experiencing a renaissance (I
use the.wordavisedly, since during
the 19th century Charles Heavy-
sege was the best dramatist in
Noi;th America) and have they
never heard of Tremblay, Ryga,
French, Freeman, Langley, and
the later Reaney, to name but six?
Warren Stevenson
associate professor
English department
It was merely another of the
many fund-raising projects
sponsored by the engineering
undergraduate society. Or can't
some of you accept that?
You seem to have plenty of time
to criticize the engineers, but how
much money has the arts faculty
raised for charity?
If the members of the arts
faculty really want to prove
something, why don't they get off
their asses and raise some money
for charity instead of spending
their time writing sarcastic and
Balloons and
all that crap
I can't believe those kids!
Coming out here and leaving all
that crap hanging around in the
Even if the balloons were accidentally lost, those kids should
show more responsibility. It's a
privilege to tour our campus so
why don't they show some
gratitude and leave things as they
Their parents should send them
to their rooms or better still take
their red jackets away for the
remainder of the school year.
Where would those kids be without
their jackets? How would they
know who their friends were?
This punishment would leave
them even more confused.
Craig Smith
science 1
inaccurate  letters aimed  at  the
Also, the majority of students at
the breakfast were engineers. No
one else was willing to sit on wet
chairs in the rain.
Except for a few non-engineers,
to whom I am sure the EUS is
grateful, the entire sum was raised
by engineers themselves.
Thomas Wacker
applied science 1
imposed, not to give people the
opportunity of having a university
education, but to deprive them of
that opportunity.
Admittedly, the portion of a
university's budget which is
provided for by student fees is a
small one, but, as witness UBC's
present situation, it is a crucial one
as well.
You may argue that it need not
be, if universities were totally
government-supported; but then I
think you are ignoring the realities
of government today (especially
the Social Credit government).
Do you really think that any
government, be it socialist or
democratic, would completely
finance an institution without
expecting something in return for
it? If we had no input into the
university in terms of our own
hard-earned bucks, where would
be our prerogative to have a say?
I agree with you that tuition fees
impose unfair entrance
requirements to university.
But the unfairness stems, not
from the fees themselves, but from
inequities occurring in the
surrounding society. If we as
students had no stake in our
education, we might not even be
permitted the awareness that these
inequities exist.
It is sometimes true that we
cherish those things most for which
we pay most dearly. A university,
as long as it is based on freedom of
choice, is a privilege worth the
paying for.
Earle Peach
arts 2
Being different isn 't wrong
I have recently spent several
hours putting up posters advertising the upcoming gay dance
in various buildings on campus.
In all, several hundred posters
were put up by myself and various
other members of the gay people of
lam now shocked to find that on
the majority of bulletin posters I
have checked, every single one of
these posters has been ripped
I find it difficult to comprehend
the enormous threat which such
posters must pose to certain people
that they are unable to bear even
the sight of them.
Certainly those responsible for
taking down the posters must be
terribly insecure about their own
sexual identity.
It has been my experience that
people who are confident and
happy about the way in which they
are living are not in the least
threatened by alternative life
I look forward to the day when
people will be mature enough to
realize that "different" is not
synonymous with "wrong."
Natasha Meissner
science 1
Our hearts,
our trees
Well, engineering week has come
and gone, but still it lives on, in
both our hearts and our trees. All
over this vast campus are
mementoes of engineering week.
Hanging from tree limbs
everywhere are the withered,
tattered, shredded and limp
remains of countless balloons;
they are not terribly eye appealing.
If the engineers are the
responsible, mature and intelligent
students that they seem to believe
they are, why can't they clean up
after themselves?
Neil McAllister
arts 1 Page 6
Thursday, February 10, 1977
English 100
Those of you who are
beginning to think there are no
literate English 100 students can
Hot flashes
have  your  faith  restored if you
attend a debate at noon today.
Four English 100 students will
debate the assertion "Resolved
that university education should
be for the many, not just for the
'Tween classes
Meeting,    dance,    party    and    drag
show, noon, SUB 211.
Fine arts professor Marvin Coho das
on Aztec art and cosmology, noon,
SUB art gallery; Lionel Thomas on
myths   and   enamel   etchings,   1:30
p.m., art gallery.
Discussion   on   rape,   7   p.m.,   SUB
Meeting,      7:30      p.m.,      Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Meeting,      7:30      p.m.,      Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Lecture      and      demonstration      of
Chinese    painting    by    Mrs.    Chao,
noon, Bu. 106.
Group    meditation    and    advanced
lecture, noon, Buto 297.
Art     exhibition     of     women     art
students, 9 a.m. to 10 p.m., Lassere
lobby;    Sara    David   on   emotional
self-defence,   noon,   Mildred   Brock
lounge.   Brock;   rape   discussion,   7
p.m., SUB 205.
Dialogue   and   discussion   on   God's
Manhood   and   God's   Womanhood,
noon, SUB 117.
Basketball  practice,  7:30 p.m., gym
A, winter sports centre.
Gary   Keen  on  Velimir Khlebnikov,
noon, Bu. 2244.
General meeting, noon, SUB 216E.
D.     Corneil     on     computer     graph
theory, noon, old civils 201.
Guest speaker, noon, IRC 3.
The   Church   in   China,  noon,  SUB
Film  Show,  Love Across  the  Miles,
2:30      p.m.,     SUB      auditorium.
Admission 50 cents.
General meeting, SUB 215.
Bible study, noon, SUB 212A.
Vancouver.  Foiksong    Society    and
Hard     Time     Two,      8:30     p.m.,
Lutheran      Campus      Centre.
Admission, $1.00.
Guest speaker Gordon Gibson, B.C.
Liberal    party    leader,    noon,   SUB
Introductory lecture and discussion
group, noon, SUB 213.
Somethingorother,      noon
International House lounge.
Guest speaker, noon, Angus 223.
Exhibition by women art students, 9
a.m. to 6 p.m., Lassere lobby; Avis
Rosenberg slide show on Women in
art, noon, Lassere 102; films on
women in sport and discussion with
Nancy Horsman, noon to 2:30 p.m.,
SUB auditorium.
This debate is the final round
of the English 100 debating
competition, and will take place
in Bu. 214. All are welcome to
Old style
An exhibition of small artifacts
from the Roman Empire will open
Tuesday at the UBC museum of
The exhibition, called Greek
and Roman Life in Miniature,
consists of smali artifacts that
date in some cases from 6000 B.C.
They are from the Royal Ontario
museum and the Seattle art
You can see the exhibit until
the end of March. The museum is
open noon to 9 p.m., Tuesday,
noon to 5 p.m., Wednesday
through Sunday, and is closed
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Flexible Programs & Hours
For more info, call
(206) 523-5224
U. Village Bldg.
Room 200
4900 25th N.E.
Seattle 98105
SUB FILMS presents
This Thurs., Sun. — 7:00
Fri., Sat.-7:00, 9:30
Fridays at 8:30
and the
at the lutheran campus centre
university & wesbrook $1.00
We're planning to visit your campus on February 17 (Thursday).
Location: Henry Agnus Building, Room 125.
Time: 12:00- 1:30 p.m.
We invite you to attend a briefing session which will:
• Provide   you   with   information   about   Xerox  of  Canada
Limited and the careers we offer.
• Give you the opportunity
— first, to ask and receive answers to, any and all questions
you may have .
— second, to decide whether or not your future might be
with us.
Plan to join us! We look forward to meeting you.
Pre-screening deadline is February 24th.
Resumes to:     Gil Epneris, Training Manager
Xerox of Canada Limited
1333 West Georgia Street
Vancouver, B.C. V6E 3K5
Xerox of Canada Limited
At last!
The National Lampoon
tells you how to live your life.
The Up Yourself Book—a guide to
self-realization that crosses the last
frontier of human potential.
A National Lampoon special edition. All new
material. $2.50 at your newsstand or bookstore. Deluxe
edition, $2.95. Or send check or money order to: The
National Lampoon, 635 Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. 10022
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11.30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
THE GRIN BIN — Largest selection of
prints and posters in B.C. 3209 W<?st
Broadway (opposite Super Valu) Vancouver.  738-2311.
Folksong Society plus Hard Times
Two. Friday, 8:30 p.m. Lutheran
Campus Centre. $1.00.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
65 — Scandals
Very low rates. Excellent workmanship. 24-hour service, plus exceptional prices for racquets. Call 733-
1612. 3616 West 4th Ave. Open 10
GAY UBC — Disco Dance this Saturday! Grad Centre ballroom. Full
facilities $1.75 person. Join us.
Folksong Society plus Hard Times
Two. Friday, 8:30 p.m. Lutheran
Campus Centre. $1.00.
70 — Services
Adams Photography, 731-aiOi, 1459
West Broadway at Granville Street.
85 — Typing
20 — Housing
35 - Lost
LOST LIGHT BLUE contact lens in
flat white case, within last two weeks.
Call   224-7893.
40 — Messages
WOULD WOMAN who gave me a ride
last week please return the library
book (Chinese) left behind. Urgent.
Thanks, 736-5225.
my   Valentine?   DWRSBOAAOTOKD.
Selectric. Vancouver pick-up. Seasonable   rates.   986-2577.
CAMPUS DROP-OFF for fast accurate
typing. Seasonable rates. Call 731-
1807 after 12:00.
Rate: 70c per page and up. Phone
876-0158  if  interested.
home. Essays, thesis, etc. Neat accurate work. Reasonable rates. 263-5317.
99 — Miscellaneous
Bent cabin day/week.  732-0174 ev«s. Thursday, February 10, 1977
Page 7
'Wife beating result of sexism'
Wife beating is a result of
traditional inequality between men
and women, social worker Jillian
Riddington said Wednesday.
Riddington, who works at
Transition House, a refuge for
battered women, told 50 women in
Mildred Brock lounge that wife
beating is an amplication of the
traditional male-female
relationship where men are
dominant and women passive.
But she said wife beating has
never been viewed as a social
"It ties in with the myth of the
happy family. A family is viewed
by many people as a place of
refuge. It is important to the base
of our society," she said.
Until recently, no social agencies
existed to deal with wife beating
because it was not recognized as a
social problem.
"There was a Catch-22
situation," said Riddington.
"Because no social agency existed,
it was assumed that there was no
problem. And since it wasn't seen
as asocial problem, no agency was
set up to deal with it."
She said modern feminism
sparked a greater awareness of
wife beating as a social problem.
In 1972, the first battered wives'
shelter opened in Chiswick,
England. Transition House opened
in Vancouver in 1973.
Riddington said the women who
started the house had problems
getting funding because there was
no agency to deal with the
problem. Eventually they got
funding from the Vancouver
Resources Board.
She said about 680 women stayed
in the house in 1976, and as many
were turned away.
"We try to provide an environment that shows women
coping," she said. "One feeling
that is almost universal among
battered women is that they were
somehow responsible for being
. ;aten up.
"They have tremendous guilt
feelings because the battering isn't
viewed as a social problem. So they
feel they are responsible for
everything that happens to them.
They say 'I'm doing something
wrong; I'm not making him
"Some women cover their
bruises with scarves, or say they
fell downstairs or make other
excuses just so they don't have to
admit their husband beat them
Riddington said battered wives
often are more educated or have
better jobs than their husbands.
She said many men are afraid
women are trying to dominate the
relationship and their last resort is
to try to prove they are better by
sheer physical power.
Battering victims usually have
also   been   subjected   to   verbal.
abuse, and Riddington says this
"does terrible things to a woman's
sense ef self; it creates an ego-
Women are encouraged to think
of themselves more during their
stay at the house. A woman with
children can stay for a month and
women with no children can only
stay for 48 hours.
"We try to present them with
options, but the problem is these
options must be real options. Lack
of money, language difficulties,
lack of job skills all are barriers to
presenting realistic options," said
. . . runs beating refuge
U.S. theologian says America
governed by banks, industry
The U.S. is ruled by a form of
"technocratic totalitarianism"
which is usurping democratic
processes, U.S. theologian and
lawyer William Stringfellow said
"Technology has installed a
counterrevolutionary regime, a
technocratic totalitarianism,"
Stringfellow told 200 students in the
law building.
This form of extragovernmental
rule has diminished peoples' rights
and usurped the ethical and legal
foundations of U.S. government as
laid down in the constitution, said
Stringfellow, who has written
several books and was once
charged with harboring as a
fugitive radical priest Daniel
Berrigan. The charges were later
"The United States is not
governed according to the constitution," he said. "The embellishment of the presidency over
the last quarter-century is largely
"The White House is more the
victim of an ad hoc form of
technocracy than it is in charge."
Stringfellow said the president's
power has declined in recent years
as industry, banks and the military
have taken more power.
Since technology replaced industrialization, he said, the U.S.
had "undergone a counterrevolution unparalleled in its
The dropping of the atomic bomb
at Hiroshima foreshadowed the
day   when    technology    would
dominate government. "At
Hiroshima, technological capacity
became the overwhelming priority
of policy."
Stringfellow, who said he speaks
from the Biblical viewpoint, said
the Vietnam war and Watergate
were symptoms, not causes, of
current problems.
As an example of industry's
dominance, he said an eastern U.S.
public utility recently
acknowledged eavesdropping for
five years on the phone lines of 40
million people.
SO DO WE . . .
Big or Small Jobs ,
aiso Garages
wants nominations for
Nomination forms may be picked up and deposited at
the A.M.S. Business Office until 4:00 p.m. Friday,
February 11, 1977.
Elections will be held February 16, 1977.
Office of Student Services,
Ponderosa Annex F
Provincial Youth Referral Office
Employment Programs
British Columbia Ministry of Labour
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. Page 8
Thursday, February 10, 1977
— dave hancock drawing
RCMP THREATEN FINES of $15 to cyclists who ride in prohibited zone marked on diagram. For safety
reasons, police urge cyclists to either follow new cycle path marked by dotted line or take short detour after
leaving established University Boulevard path to rejoin University at Acadia and continue on road to campus.
Summer Employment Opportunities
Area Consultants
The Area Consultant is a Red Cross/Royal Life Saving Society Instructor
and Evaluator of broad aquatic experience. This individual has proven
leadership qualities, is independent and is able to work without
supervision. Responsibilities include supervising approximately 30 water
safety programs, conducting instructor clinics, and effecting public
education programs.
Small Craft Safety Program Coordinator
The successful candidate will be an innovative and energetic individual with
considerable experience in the operation, of Small Craft including canoes.
Experience in conducting water safety programs would be of value.
Responsibilities include organizing and conducting Small Craft Safety
Instructor Schools as well as promoting and implementing the Red Cross
Small Craft Safety Program.
This position involves extensive travel throughout British Columbia and the
Yukon. The incumbent must be able to meet and work productively with
local recreation organizations.
Period of Employment: May 1, 1977 to August 31, 1977.
Salary and Benefits: Comparable to Senior Aquatic positions in-B.C.
Director, Water Safety Service
The Canadian Red Cross Society
B.C.-Yukon Division
4750 Oak Street
Vancouver, B.C. V6H 2N9
Free Chevron staffers    t
again face eviction
Chevron staffers, who have
published the paper for four
months in defiance of a student
council which tried closing them
down, are being evicted from their
offices again.
But several staffers, including
editor Larry Hannant and
production manager Neil
Docherty, are defying an eviction
notice, served by the sheriff's
office Monday, thus risking contempt of court charges for their
The Free Chevron is using space
occupied by the student union-
published Chevron before council
closed it down without an investigation Sept. 28 after charges
that members of the Communist
Party of Canada (Marxist-
Leninist) were taking over the
Chevron staffers defied the order
to leave their office then despite
locks being changed on their doors
several times.
Henry Hess, fired by council as
news editor in October, has left the
paper and found work elsewhere,
according to reports.
Acting student president Dave
McLellan says the council needs
the Free Chevron's space to
produce its own paper, the "real"
Neither Docherty nor Hannant
were available for comment.
1110 Seymour St.
VOLKSWAGENS TOO! \ /    ,#'*"..
U.B.C. STUDENT lMi^? ''
12 Month Warranty \     ^—^
12,000 miles (Bugs Only)
$235 For 36 H.P.
$265 For 40 H.P.
$295 For A V.W. 1500
$305 .For A V.W. 1600
1897 BURRARD     731 -8171 QO


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