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The Ubyssey Jul 31, 1984

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 THE
Vol. Ill, no.y* g
BYSSEY
July 25-31, 1984
228-2301
**>4*
-Charlie Fidelman photo
Quadra NDP candidate Ray Cantillon opened his campaign Thursday with Bob Skelly, balloons and
sandwiches. He hopes to win despite a Sun poll, John Turner and incumbent Bill Clarke.
Cantillon opens campaign with snacks
By PATTI FLATHER
The NDP candidate for Vancouver Quadra opened his
campaign with a lift Thursday
with help from the provincial NDP
leader, as orange and black helium
balloons emblazoned with "Jobs,
peace, women's rights" were released
into the air.	
CAiwpAiqN '84
While supporters helped themselves to campaign buttons, food and
punch, lawyer Ray Cantillon told 60
people outside the Quadra NDP office at 16th and Dunbar he will
launch the strongest NDP campaign
ever in the riding. Quadra has never
voted in an NDP reresentative.
Cantillon placed education, jobs,
equality for women, and mutual disarmament as central campaign issues.
"With high unemployment our
schools should be growing and not
shrinking," he said. Cantillon said
he opposed the provincial government diversion of federal Established
Programs Financing funds designated for education and added he
would penalize provinces who do not
meet their funding obligations.
Cantillon said to create jobs he
would place greater emphasis on
apprenticeships. And he supports the
NDP affirmative action policy for
women.
"Women in Quadra earn less than
half of men and face higher unemployment than men," he said.
Cantillon called for an independent Canadian foreign policy, particularly in Central America, and said
Canada is not fulfilling its peacekeeping role by testing cruise missiles.
Prime Minister John Turner, the
Liberal Quadra candidate, is "the
glamour-contest leader who hasn't
lived here for over 35 years and can't
:s»4^*^ 4S-JZ-
* , ~ *»* >' A    '      . e *«% ftr "?*■■ < -wW",
even vote here," Cantillon charged.
He said Progressive Conservative
incumbent Bill Clarke is an invisible
MP who rarely speaks in the House
of Commons and sits on few House
committees.
Cantillon dismissed the Sun
newspaper poll which placed NDP
support far behind other parties in
Quadra. "I don't pay any attention
to any poll except Gallup."
Provincial NDP leader Bob Skelly
said "Ray Cantillon's got an excellent
chance to put those Liberals and
Conservatives to the test, maybe even
knocking off that parachute artist
from back east."
Skelly said he is active in the federal campaign because the federal
Liberals and Conservatives resemble
the provincial Social Credit party
which attacked human rights,
women, trade unions and the poor
Turn to page 2:More
Ombudsoffice
repulsed at UBC
By ROBERT BEYNON
The provincial ombudsoffice
wants to investigate the graduate student centre takeover but
UBC's administration says it has no
jurisdiction to investigate at UBC.
Graduate Students Society coordinator Mike Howlett said the action
is a classical blocking manoeuvre.
"It could take five or six months to
determine if the ombudsoffice has
jurisdiction to investigate here and
in the meantime the university may
take more action," Howlett said.
The administration took control
of the centre and froze society funds
in late May. An ad hoc presidential
committee is currently investigating
the situation and will make recommendations to the president this
month.
Howlett said the GSS, who invited
the ombudsoffice to investigate the
case, hopes the ombudsoffice will
take on the case and investigate the
takeover.
Ombudsoffice solicitor Brent Par-
fitt said the ombudsoffice has already
exchanged phone calls with the administration on the matter and will
shortly forward a letter to the president with their legal opinion.
According to the first section of
the Ombudsman Act the ombudsoffice can investigate any group where
the majority of its governing board
were appointed by the provincial
government, Parfitt said.
The majority of UBC's board of
governors is appointed by the provincial government.
Charles Bourne, UBC administration presidential advisor and" law.
professor maintains the ombudsoffice has no jurisdiction at UBC.
Bourne said the second section of
the Ombudsman Act giving jurisdiction to the ombudsoffice to investigate universities and colleges is not'
yet law.
The clause which grants jurisdiction to investigate post-secondary
institutions is technically not yet law
because the government has not yet
given the second section to the lieutenant governor for royal assent.
The second section has been passed
in the legislature.
If the university was covered by
the first section of the act there would
be no need to mention it in the second
section of the act Bourne said.
"I think this is a perfectly reasonable and sound decision," said
Bourne.
Loans formalized
By NEIL LUCENTE
Commercial banks and credit
unions have finally signed
formal contractual agreements
to finance B.C.'s student loan program.
The Canadian Imperial Bank of
Commerce, the Royal Bank, the Toronto Dominion Bank, the Bank of
Nova Scotia, the Bank of British Columbia and 132 credit unions across
B.C. have agreed to handle the new
all-loan program which replaces the
abolished provincial grant program.
The Bank of Montreal handles the
federal portion of the loan program.
Before any provincial loan money is
lent a student receives $800 in federal
loans.
But the agreements came too late
for many students to receive their
loan money by September, said Dan
Worseley, UBC assistant financial
awards director. The loan applications arrived at UBC June 18, two
weeks later than last year and two
months later than previous years.
"The applications came late at a
time of year when we are busiest.
We've gone through an awful lot of
work and we're going as fast as we
can go," said Worseley, adding only
students who applied by the July 1
deadline will receive their loans in
time for fall registration.
Dick Melville, education ministry
information officer, said the lack of
confirmed financing for the new
program caused the delay in drafting
the aid applications.
"The negotiations were delayed
because each financial institution had
to sort out their own needs," said
Melville, "and we had to formulate a
different agreement for each institution. There just was not a blanket
agreement."
And Melville said working out the
details of a new program made financial institutions uneasy.
The formal agreement means the
province can repay the funds borrowed from UBC to finance spring
and summer student loans. UBC
spring students had to negotiate their
loans with UBC's emergency loan
program because the provincial government could not confirm financing for its aid program.
"We're going to take care that
money will be repaid to UBC. We
will repay the loan money they contributed along with the interest the
university lost on the investment,"
said Melville.
Under the new all-loan program
students can receive a total of $100
per week for every week they receive
funds from the federal Canada Student   Loans.
espite protest council accepts decision of selections committee which never had quorum
By PATTI FLATHER
Student council last Wednesday made a controversial
decision to accept the recommendations of a committee
which did not reach quorum
CouNcil bmEfs
Council accepted the incomplete selections committee recommendations to reappoint Alan Pinkney, former Alma
Mater Society director of administration, as student representative for the Aquatic Centre Management Committee,
rather than AMS vice-president Doug Low.
"If you vote in favour of this you're doing council a
disservice," said Low. He said it is undemocratic to suddenly
deviate from a selections process once it has begun. "This is
not fair," Low said
Low added AMS president Margaret Copping, not a
selections committee member, chaired the committee meeting
and guided the proceedings.
Graduate students interim representative Frank Frigon
said council should abide by its own rules and reject the
selection committee's recommendations. Committee member
Mark Varley said the decision could be delayed and suggested
a conference call with all committee members interviewing
candidates.
AMS president Margaret Copping said council had no
choice because the appointment had to be made quickly.
Pinkney was absent so it would not have been fair to have
council do the vote itself, she said.
Ombudsperson Debbie Bellamy said she opposed Pin-
kney's reappointment because he was unresposive to student
complaints. Bellamy said Pinkney did not act last year when
she made two official and several unofficial complaints
about an aquatic centre worker.
* * *
Council donated $300 to the faculty Day of Concern by
B.C.'s three university faculty associations for September 8.
* * «
Honoraria for the AMS vice president, director of administration, and coordinator of external affairs and Student
Administrative Commission members will be increased effective 1985-86. Honoraria for the first three positions will
increase to $800 from $500 and SAC members will receive
$300 instead of $200. The SAC secretary will receive $400.
Council unanimously passed a motion to set up an ad hoc
committee investigating the administration's takeover of the
formerly student-run graduate student centre
~~ >VX~ July 25-31
The Summer Ubyssey
Page 2
Liberals ignore B.C.'s unemployed
By ARNOLD HEDSTROM
OTTAWA (CUP) — For three days
Ray Ireland, an unemployed broadcaster and former civic politician in
metro Toronto, stood outside the
Liberal leadership convention with a
placard explaining his plight.
He hoped that some of the 3500
delegates, if nothing else, would offer
sympathy. Four people stopped.
"I'm in trouble," he said. "These
traumatic personal things happen to
people. It happened to me and my
family."
Ireland's wife has been laid off
from three jobs and he has tried unsuccessfully to get grants to start a
communications consulting business.
He is an unemployment insurance
exhaustee.
"I don't think the Liberals are going to do anything. I'm challenging
them to. People want work. They
don't want unemployment insurance."
But Ireland and about 100 other
unemployed workers who rallied just
hours before the election of John
Turner were largely ignored by delegates and media types. They seemed
too preoccupied with the convention
and the thirst for power to pay attention to one of the real issues underlying the call for an election — unemployment.
Cindy Shore, one of seven people
who drove from British Columbia to
protest the Liberal government's
employment record and urge the new
leader to make employment a
number one priority, said some of
the policies Liberals have been advocating have been disastrous in
provinces with conservative governments.
"We want to get people thinking
about the next election and working
against both parties," Shore said.
In Winnipeg, a week before Liberals gathered in Ottawa, Brian
Mulroney announced a six-point job
creation program, including better
use of unemployment insurance
funds, job retraining and creation,
UNeMWOYHENT
INSURArfcfc
tion. Yet he also promised to reduce
the federal deficit and improve opportunities for business to create
employment — through tax credits.
Even if his programs do create
jobs, there is little immediate relief in
sight for Canada's 1.9 million un-
acerbating it," she said.
Arab feels that Turner's plan for
temporary youth jobs is needed, but
she also advocated reducing the work
week from 40 to 35 hours and protecting workers from layoffs stemming from technological change in
the workplace.
"We should make sure people
don't get layed off simply because
they're replaced by computers," she
said.
Arab added that the worldwide
arms race is another source of unemployment that the government
should stop supportng.
^ "Some people think unemployment is the fault of the unemployed.
With two million out of work, that's
not the case," she said.
"The government gave $50 million
to Litton Industries (manufacturer
of the cruise missile guidance system)
that could have been used for jobs.
Most Canadians don't even agree
with cruise missile testing."
Art Phillips, former Vancouver
major and defeated Liberal candidate
in Vancouver Centre, on his way to
the Civic Centre to support Turner,
said protest was not the way to solve
unemployment.  He also criticized
those who advocated increased
spending on government programs.
"If deficits created jobs, then we
would have plenty of jobs," he said,
referring to the huge federal deficit
that Turner has vowed to cut. "A lot
of well-meaning government projects
have discouraged employment and
wasted resources."
The delegation from B.C. left June
8 and made stops in Calgary, Winnipeg and Sudbury. While in Ottawa,
they stayed at the on-going peace
camp which makes its home on the
front lawn of Parliament Hill.
Despite their meagre numbers,
protestors were relatively happy with
their trek. "There was a whole bunch
of people in Calgary and Winnipeg
who wanted to come, but they
couldn't get a vehicle that would
make it here," said Richard Bell of
Castlegar, B.C.
woe bom*, 11*11 you! Th« nanion b av«r    More NDP campaign opening
local self-help programs, enhanced
educational opportunities through
increased student loans and tax
credits to encourage employment of
young people. The Progressive Conservative job policy is almost a carbon copy of Turner's proposals during the three month leadership campaign.
During his first press conference
as Grit leader, Turner called job
creation his number one priority and
said he would put an army of youth
to work on park improvements, environmental projects and reforesta-
employed, among them 778,000
youth between the ages of 18 and 25.
The out-of-work will have to wait
for the Trudeau to Turner transition
to be complete, and possibly until
after a summer election.
Susan Arab, a rally organizer and
unemployed activist in Ottawa says
Turner's economic policies to fight
unemployment and the deficit at the
same time are contradictory.
"The restraint programs put forward in the past have not improved
the job situation. In fact, they're ex-
Frompage 1:NDP
with its legislation.
"When did John Turner ever speak
out against that legislation? Never,"
Skelly said.
Quadra NDP party president Rosalind Kellett said "We're coming
from a far back position but a vote
for the NDP has significance." Kellett
said even if the NDP loses in Quadra
their votes will have impact because
proportional representation affects
the composition of parliamentary
committees.
Fourteen year old supporter
Jeremy Wexler said the "The issues
the  matter to  me  have  not  been
properly represented by Bill Clarke."
He said key issues for him are the
prevention of nuclear war and unemployment.
Arthur Earley, whose son is unemployed, also said job creation is
important. He said he supports Cantillon because "Far as I can see, he's
the only one for the ordinary man.
The others are for the big corporations."
Cantillon .originally from Ireland,
has lived in Quadra since 1969. He
graduated from UBC's law school, is
a father of four, and is an active
member of the human rights group
Amnesty International.
SUMMER SCENE
Vol. 13, No. 4
Hello and welcome to Summer Session '84
July 25 - Aug. 1
SUMMER SESSION
ASSOCIATION
The Summer Session Association is the student organization of Summer
Session; if you have any problems, concerns or suggestions, please drop by
our office — main floor of SUB, opposite the candy counter. We are there
Monday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Phone 228-4846
SUMMER SCREEN
Free films presented at 7:30 p.m. in IRC
Lecture Hall #2.
Monday, July 30:
THE CAINE MUTINY; Humphrey Bogart,
Lee Marvin etc. play in a story of a group
of naval officers, their frustrations, cliques
and jealousies.
Wednesday, Aug. 1:
TOOTSIE; Dustin Hoffman and Teri Garr
star in a story of a washed up actor who
discovers he is a better man when he plays
a woman. Nominated for several academy
awards. (Mature)
Friday, August 3:
GANDHI; Ben Kingsley stars as Mahatma
Gandhi in a film about the great man and
events surrounding his life. Winner of several
academy awards including Best Actor and
Best Film. (Mature)
MUSIC FOR A
SUMMFJrSEVENING
Thursday, July 26:
Masterpieces of the Sonata Literature;
John Loban, Violin; Lee Kum-Sung, Piano;
music of Beethoven, Dvorak and others.
Tuesday, July 31:
An Evening of Baroque Music for Trumpet
and Organ; Thomas Parriot, Trumpet; Ray
Kirkham, Trumpet; Edward Norman,
Organ; music of Bach, L. Mozart,
Franceschini and Vivaldi.
These concerts are held at 8:00 p.m. in the
Music Building Recital Hall, and are free to
the public. All concerts are co-sponsored by
the S.S.A., Musician's Union Trust Funds,
Extra-Sessional Office, and the Department
of Music.
SUMMER SOUNDS
1 i ■ ii      |   '   '■
Free, noon-hour concerts. Bring your lunch
and a friend.
Wednesday, July 25 Gastown Five - Music Bldg.
Thursday, July 26    Hollyburn Ramblers - Buchanan
Brass Quartets - Clock Tower
Dixieland Jazz - Buchanan
The Trombone Band -
Music Bldg.
Wednesday, Aug. 1 Gary Keenan Quartet -
Music Bldg.
Friday, July 27
Monday, July 30
Tuesday, July 31
BLOOD DONORS
"Thank You" to everyone who donated
blood at last week's clinic — 405 pints were
donated to a very grateful Red Cross.
Thanks for a great effort. To all those who
couldn't find time to donate, there is still a
severe blood shortage in B.C. and you can
still give blood at the Red Cross offices at
4750 Oak St. — Phone 879-7551.
Summer Session Association information is a service provided
cooperatively by the S.S.A. and The Summer Ubyssey. July 25-31
The Summer Ubyssey
Page 3
Greens will pressure government
By NEIL LUCENTE
While other parties spout promises
and concern themselves with corporate profits, the Greens are the only
party representing issues of life and
death said the Vancouver Quadra
Green party candidate for the upcoming election.
In an interview Friday, Jim Bohlen
Petitions
head for
Ottawa
By PATTI FLATHER
Peace groups across Canada are
launching a Peace Petition Caravan
Campaign which will culminate in
an October presentation to the Canadian government in Ottawa.
The dual purpose of the campaign
is to pressure the government to
change its nuclear weapons policies
and to unify the Canadian peace
movement into a working organization, said Gary Marchant, End the
Arms Race vice president and a UBC
graduate student.
A vehicle caravan will travel to
Ottawa collecting petitions, passing
through Vancouver September 30,
Marchant said. The caravan will
probably have 100 vehicles by the
time it reaches Ottawa, he added.
"This is the first time any type of
disarmament campaign will be organized nationally involving almost
every group in every region," Marchant said.
The four-point petition calls on
the government to stop cruise missile
testing and cease research, production, testingand transport of nuclear
weapons and delivery systems, to
declare Canada nuclear-weapons
free, to redirect arms spending to
human needs, and to allow a free
vote in parliament on the petition.
The petition is receiving a 70-80
per cent positive response rate, Marchant said. Victoria, the first city to
finish its drive, collected 65,000 signatures and Vancouver has 10,000
so far, he said, adding that UBC
Students for Peace and Mutual Disarmament are active in the campaign.
The petition was created last year
by the Saltspring Island Disarmament Group, which raised SI 1,000
to send member Don Erickson to
distribute it to Canadian peace
groups, Marchant said. And at a
February peace conference in Winnipeg, the campaign was formally
launched.
A "Pedal for Peace" caravan will
also be travelling to Ottawa with petitions, said organizer Mike
Isbrucker. Fifty cyclists will leave
Vancouver August 24. Isbrucker said
they will meet the vehicle caravan in
Ottawa and added he expected the
number of cyclists to grow.
said no other party in Canada is se-"
riously addressing peace and disarmament.
CAiwpAiqiN '84
"We feel that it is absolutely necessary to force the government of
Canada to consider the questions of
nuclear disarmament, energy conservation and the environment. We
want to be the political conscience of
the future," said Bohlen, who was a
co-founder of Grenpeace and is now
one of its nine directors.
Bohlen will be canvassing Quadra
by bicycle on a shoestring budget.
He said he does not expect to win
any elections but hopes the Greens
become a viable political pressure
group.
"We only want our voice and our
concerns to be heard," said Bohlen,
noting the NDP's success as a pressure group for such issues as health
and welfare. Bohlen said the Greens
will play a similar role for disarmament, conservation and the environment.
The Greens will attract attention
to these and other issues by using
"Greenpeace-type tactics" and by
joining the parliamentary system,
said Bohlen. The Green party would
attract media attention by endorsing
and participating in non-violent
demonstrations such as a peace camp
on parliament grounds, he said.
"We are like street theatre and the
media focuses on that. The media is
our only outlet right now to express
our views," said Bohlen. "If it weren't
for the media, I'm pretty sure that we
would have been involved in a nuclear war by now," he said.
Bohlen's campaign strategy is to
attract votes from people who may
share the same concerns as the Green
party but have not yet endorsed the
Greens.
"We want to educate people who
think Green but who might feel their
vote is wasted on us. We want to
convince those people that they are
not wasting their vote because the
Greens is a significant world-wide
movement," said Bohlen, adding 11
countries in Europe currently have
Green party representatives with
Belgium, West Germany, and the
Netherlands having significant re
presentation.
Bohlen's education policy is also
geared towards the Green party's
main concerns ot peace and environment. The establishment of a university faculty department dedicated
to "peace and conflict resolutions" is
one of Bohlen's goa)s for education.
A department studying conservation,
recycling technology, product design, ,
and energy efficiency is also on the
drawing board, said Bohlen.
Bohlen's national goal is to create
a "conserver's society where everything that can possibly be recycled
will be recycled."
"I did not run here to give the
Greens a high profile in a high profile
election. I had no idea Turner was
going to run here when I decided,"
said Bohlen.
"TIE YOURSELF INTO a knot," cries the exercise instructor and all the
masochistic exercisers do their best to comply. Several of the athletic types
had to have their backs straightened by chiropractors but the contract
protected the instructor from lavi/suits. The people were very impressed by
the originality of the exercises including attempts at levitation and biologically
impossible breakdancing moves. If you want to join the exercise fun, drop
by SUB in the fall and sign up for classes. Think of the new, fitter you.
Elections will publicize university issues
By NEIL LUCENTE
The upcoming federal election
gives opportunities for students and
faculty to profile education issues and
draw attention to UBC, a student
politician said Friday.
CAivipAiqN '84
Alma Mater Society president
Margaret Copping said UBC's academic community, with a summer
population of 15,000 can be a major
School residents denied vote
Federal election enumeration begins soon but students who live
here only eight months of the year cannot vote in Quadra.
Quadra must be the voter's "ordinary place of residence" to vote
here, said Quadra returning officer Harold Morris. Students a way for
the summer can vote in their summer location, he said.
CAMpAiqN ^84
Students who move back to Quadra, or another Vancouver riding
before the September 4 election can vote in advance polls at their
summer place of residence or vote by proxy, Morris added. Only
voters registered by Quadra enumerators can vote in Quadra, he said
Morris said anyone missed by Quadra enumerators, who wilt be
going door to door July 27 to August 2, has three alternatives:
• phone the riding office and have a revising agent come to one's
home. (The Quadra riding office can be reached at 877-1344).
• go in person to a revising office (locations can be inquired at ther
above phone number).
• go & person to the election office at 4740 Main Street
influence in the September 4 election.
And she said with prime minister
John Turner planning to run in
Vancouver Quadra, UBC itself could
become a major election focus.
Candidates could be asked their
stances on education issues such as
student aid, accessibility, and the
provincial government diversion of
federal Established Programs Financing funds designated for education, Copping said.
Candidates should be made aware
that the current student program is
not fulfilling its purpose of making
post-secondary education accessible
to all students, she said.
"The CSL (Canada Student
Loans) is administered so strictly in
B.C. that the CSL puts less and less
money in students' pockets," said
Copping. A federally administered
CSL program is a possible solution
the candidates can consider, said
Copping.
The candidates could also be made
aware that accessibility to post-secondary education is threatened in
B.C. by its all-loan student aid program said Copping.
"Some students are actually having
to mortgage their future with $20 -
$25,000 loans per' degree," said
Copping.
Paul Wallace, architecture 3,
agrees that the election will be a prime
opportunity to make education a national issue but he doubts that education will be seriously discussed.
"I don't think education will be a
very important issue in this campaign
because this election will probably
focus on more national issues because
of Turner's high profile as prime
minister," said Wallace.
Although this election could give
education much publicity, it should
not be dealt with at a federal level,
said Rob Murdock, vice-president
of UBC's Progressive Conservative
Club.
"Education is a federal problem
but it should be dealt with provin-
cially,"said Murdock.
He also doubts students will have
much impact in the election because
"the critical time of the election will
be when no students will be at school
because summer session will be over."
Rally attracts low turnout
Thursday marked the fifth anniversary of the Sandinista revolution in
Nicaragua, and in Vancouver 30 people turned out to a demonstration
outside the U.S. consulate.
The Central America Support Committee organized the noon-hour event
to express their opposition to U.S.intervention in the region, and to celebrate
the anniversary.
"We are here primarily to show our solidarity with the Nicaraguan people,
but we also want to tell the U.S. government there are Canadians who are
opposed to their murderous policies in not only Nicaragua, but in El Salvador,
Guatemala and Honduras," said CASC spokesperson Felipe Ortiz.
Ortiz said the U.S. government is killing innocent people in Nicaragua by
providing arms and training for counterrevolutionaries fighting on Nicaragua's border with Honduras.
"Since the Sandinista victory in 1979, thousands of Nicaraguan peasants
have been killed. No sector of the population has escaped losing someone at
the hands of the contras," said Ortiz.
The demonstrators marched in a slow circle on the sidewalk outside the
MacMillan Bloedel building where the U.S. consulate has its offices. And
apart from a friendly reminder that demonstrations should be registered
with the police department, there were no confrontations with any of the
four squad cars which appeared to monitor the event.
Passers-by seemed uninterested in either the demonstration or the pamphlets that were distributed.
"Most people won't even take a leaflet — I guess they've developed their
own ideas based on the misinformation they get in the media," said one
person handing out information. July 25-31
The Summer Ubyssey
Page 4
Democracy not in action
To read The Sun or to watch
BCTVone would think the election
has been taking off like an unte-
thered balloon rising to the moon
Turner announced he will run in
Quadra. Mulroney opened Progressive Conservative Bill Clarke's
campaign with a speech in Quadra.
There are also lawn signs for
both Clarke and Cantillon throughout the riding. It appears Quadra
is a veritable hotbed of political
activity.
But hiding behind this mask of
political activity is the fact that
the majority of Canadians will not
vote in the coming federal election for one reason or another.
They feel they are disenfranchised. That the leading parties
do not represent themXhat their
vote counts for nothing amongst
all the voters.
Canada is not being run bythe
majority, merely the majority of
voters. This is the big reality, the
reality the press is ignoring The
problem no one is addressing.
Maybe the press and the politicians feel the problem is permanent and not worth addressing. It is certain over the last
twenty years the percentage of
the population that votes has declined
Possibly the problem is not addressed because it is not peculiar
■HftMlilM
mtmnmim
JJett&ui
Protest gets no support from club
During the Sea Festival, while U.S.
and other warships were tied up at
Vancouver's Centennial Pier, I
helped organize a demonstration
against the presence of these warships. I circulated a petition of the
People's Front against the warships
at UBC, and I spoke with many pro-
pie about the necessity for Canada
to pursue an actively neutral foreign
policy, which means, among otner
things, opposing both superpowers,
the U.S. imperialists and the Soviet
social-imperialists as well.
The response to my petition and
the call for the demonstration was
extremely good. I approached many
people to win support for organized
opposition to the visit of the warships, and among them was the U BC
Students for Peace and Nuclear
Disarmament, a student club here at
UBC.
I was formally scheduled to address their club, but thev switched
their meeting place to a secret location at the last minute and it was
only through luck that I learned of
their secret meeting place. When I
went there the club executive refused
to permit me to make a presentation
to the club. The executive said because they had read my letter in The
Ubyssey and learned People's Front
was organizing the demonstration
against the warships, they arbitrarily
refused to hear my proposal that they
join in the opposition to the warships.
They showed through their actions
they were more interested in opposing People's Front than in opposing
the U.S. and other warships in the
harbour.
The executive of this club went so
far as to say that demonstrations
against American warships would
only bring more warships! This line,
that resistance to agression will only
lead to aggression, if it had been followed, would have lead to a Third
Reich lasting a thousand years.
The People's Front position is that
people should have unity in action
for their common aims, and against
the common enemy. That is, the
People's Front puts forward a program of action, either short-term or
long-term, and calls on everyone to
take it. up regardless of political, social, religious or other differences.
Why SPMD refused to oppose the
warships is not simply a matter of
their business. The question must be
asked, if they are not for demonstrating against foreign and other
warships which come to Vancouver,
then what are they for?
It is a just demand that one's deeds
must match one's words, that those
who say they are for "peace", for
"disarmament" are measured not
only by what they profess, but by
what they actually do.
Barbara Waldern
Unclassified
to Canada. The Lib. and other
western nations have the same
problem.
Possibly this has something to
do with the fact that the majority
of people who are not voting are
from lower income groups and
the present major parties do not
claim to represent them.
Once this is realized the declining electorate makes sense. Although lower income groups may
gam secondary benefits from the
Liberals or Conservatives, these
two parties are certainly not representing the little person, or the
student.
Unless you own a large coroo-
ration. or are attached to one or
the government, it would be hard
to be excited by the election of
either of these two parties.
The NDP on the other hand is
not going to win this election, so
even if you believe in them there
is little apparent reason to vote
for them or support them.
Apparently it is the little people
who are not voting and if they are
going to vote the agenda of the
major parties and the press will
have to change and represent
their interests.
That is, if we want a democracy
these parties wiil have to represent the concerns of the little people  On the other hand if we want
to allow tha third of society on
too to continue dictating policy,
we can continue to have a society
i which the majority of people
do not vote.
Student voters jilted
Students want to vote.
Yes, there are a few who are convinced they can have a say in the
country's choice of policy makers Let's face it. this is an interesting
time at the polls even for those with mild convictions
But there is a small formality everyone must go through before
reaching the polls, and there is a special version just for students:
enumeration hide and seek.
Students as well as others must vote in the location of their'ordinary
place of residence'This means students who live in a particular riding
during the eight months of the school year but live elsewhere in the
summer must register at their summer place of residence. The status
of 'ordinary place of residence' does not change with time A student
could return to school for several consecutive years but only those
found and registered by enumerators in a particular riding can vote in
that specific riding
Students who move back into Vancouver before the Sptember 4
election can vote by proxy or in advance at their 'ordinary place of
residence' opccupied for the summer — these rights are important.
Pocket dictionaries define'ordinary'as usual, common and routine.
A student's 'ordinary place of residence'is at his or her winter location
That logic is easy to follow unlike the logic of voting regulations.
THE UBYSSEY
July 25-31
The summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays throughout the
summer sessions by the Alma Mater Society of the University of British
Columbia, with additional funding from the Walter H. Gage Memorial
Fund, the UBC Alumni Association, and the federal summer career
access programme. Editorial opinions are those of the staff, and not
necessarily those of the university administration, or of the sponsor.
Member of Canadian University Press. The summer Ubyssey's editorial
offiuce is SUB 241K. Editorial department, 228-2301/228-2305.
Advertising 228-3977/228-3978.
Where's Charlie Fidelman?'' panted Robert Beynon, the sweat streaming down his
cute little face Stephen Wisenthal couldn't answer — he was too busy exchanging
his heat-attracting suit and iacket for a cooling cyclists' shirt and shorts AH Patti
Flather could do was stare up at the Peak trailer's skylights in bewilderment asking
how they could have painted themblack NeilLucente'smindaswellashis body
heated up as he remembered Monday's inferno but he dashed to the typesetting
room to cool his temper Ross Pink was coolest of all, safe in his Joblink office,
oops, except for Winnie Tovey, who's always cool One person. Gordon Clark,
appeared to have his head ablaze but nobody could extinguish it Fidelman finally
crawled in with heat exhaustion, her car a sorry victim of the heat spell
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The Summer Ubyssey
PageS
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Margarita Baez... Paraguayan torture victim
Four policemen in civilian clothes abducted Margarita Baez, a Paraguayan
hairdresser, in a Paraguayan street February 16, 1982 and took her to the
Police Investigation Department.
According to.her testimony: "I was tied up to the grill of a barred
window and left hanging in the sun by a rope that was attached to my
wrists. I was kept like this for six days without food and without sleep.
To wake me up they constantly threw icy water over me...(He) urged me
to sign some documents which would eventually be my statement. When
I refused, my physical and psychological torture continued...threats that
they would bring in my brothers and torture them too..Task myself what
is my crime?"
Baez is the widow of Gumersinso Britez, one of 10 peasants Paraguayan police claim were
killed in a 1980 armed confrontation after a bus hijack-the bodies have never been turned over
to relatives for burial.
Mary Lou Carillo, a Vancouver worker with Amnesty International, the worldwide human
rights group which won the 1980 Nobel peace prize, cites this and other cases of Paraguayans
illegally detained and tortured by the government. Carillo recently coordinated a special action
committee focusing on the many human rights violations in Paraguay.
Paraguay, a small land-locked country in South America, is a nation under siege. Since 1954,
when Alfredo Stroesner seized power in a coup, opposition to his regime has been stifled
brutally.
Today, 30 years later, Stroessner remains in power. Only Enver Hoxha of Albania and Kim
II Sung of North Korea can boast of longer dictatorships. And Stroessner has outlasted all
current Latin American leaders including Fidel Castro.
Stroessner has maintained a state of siege constantly since 1954, lifting it only six times for
elections-on five of these occasions the repreive was for only 24 hours. Amnesty International
reports on Paraguay say opposition parties are strictly controlled.
"The state of siege laws give the government license to do whatever they want to do, "Carillo
says.
AI documented several cases of government torture of political prisoners, Carillo says,
adding "The common forms of torture used against political prisoners are electric shock and
pilets, a technique that involves submerging a person's head in water, often filled with
excrement, until the victim passes out."
AI reports say dissidents ranging from politicians and journalists to teachers, union leaders
and others are arbitrarily detainedand tortured under special anti-subversive laws passed with
the intention of eliminating government opposition. Under laws such as the 1970 Law 209,
many people are imprisoned indefinitely without trial.
Carillo says there are about 80 political prisoners in Paraguay. "We document people only
that AI is sure about and no prisoners are adopted who have advocated the use of violence.
"We are concerned about prisoners of conscience. The opposition is under attack and the
common denominator is people who have in any way opposed the government," she explains.
Carillo says Stroessner continually violates the Paraguayan constitution during the state of
siege. "Writs of habeas corpus have been ignored and arbitrary arrests continue to occur even
though they are against the constitution."
AI reports say Stroessner justifies the siege laws by reference to a communist threat. Article
79 of the 1967 constitution allows for a state of siege declaration only "in cases of international
war or conflict, foreign invasion, internal turmoil or a grave threat from one of these." AI says
Stroessner uses Article 79's special powers to keep power and suppress all opposition and
protests.
£   ■**      •    «*;.   *n  £
**;        <i*'       ■ * r •
$&
RTURE
A February 1984 AI briefing on Paraguay documents torture, deaths in police custody, and
detainment of prisoners of conscience. Testimony from victims such as Baez is included. More
than 90 "disappeared" Paraguayans are listed - most disappeared after arrest by police.
Carillo cites the case of Antonio Maidana Campos, a former history teacher and first
secretary of the banned Communist Party of Paraguay. Campos was abducted in Argentina in
1980 by Argentine security service agents and is reported to have been illegally transferred to
Paraguay even though he was being protected by the United Nations High Commission for
Refugees as a political refugee. Unconfirmed reports say Campos is being kept in a Paraguyan
military prison.
Cnstina Flores lived in Paraguay for several years before emigrating to Canada in 1985.
Cristina Flores is a pseudonym. Flores agreed to be interviewed on the condition her name not
be used - she fears reprisals against family members still in Paraquay.
Flores attended the Catholic university in the capital of Asuncion. After graduating she
taught school for a few years.
According to Flores the student movement in Paraguay is strongly suppressed. "All the
young men that I knew as colleagues or students were arrested at one time or another. They are
usually held for a few days or weeks, then released with the warning not to talk about it."
"The suppression in Paraguay is very subtle," Flores continues. "The secret police are
everywhere and the people know this so they conduct themselves accordingly."
Flores adds that there is a great deal of self-imposed censorship in Paraguay. "People have
learned to be cautious and timid," she says.
Despite the repression of the Stroessner regime Flores says she believes many Paraguayans
support it. "The history of Paraguay is a history of strife and suffering and the Stroessner
regime has some support because it has brought an end to strife and brought stability to
Paraguay -but the people pay a heavy price for this stability."
Mary Ger Bryant was born in Paraguay and lived there for 38 years before she and her
husband emigrated to Canada in 1970. Ger Bryant says human rights abuses do occur in
Paraguay.
"People cannot speak out freely there. It was strange when I came to Canada because people
would say things about Trudeau or premier Bennett that were harsh. I was not used to this. This
was not done in Paraguay."
But Ger Bryant says the Stroessner regime has achieved some beneficial results such as
making education more accessible, and building roads. And she feels while the regime is still
repressive it is improving.
"When I visited Paraguay in 19791 was surprised because there were more signs from groups
demanding one thing or another. This could not be done ten years ago." July 25-31
The Summer Ubyssey
Page 6
Vtitz
Oh, What A Lovely War: by Charles Chilton
and the Theatre Workshop, reviews the madness of World War I through songs and
sketches. Frederic Wood Theatre, 228-2678.
July 25 - August 4.
A Day in the Death of Joe Egg: Probing yel
amusing analysis of the relationship of a married
couple who are faced with the daily difficulties
of rearing a severely handicapped child. Studio
58, Langara Campus. 324-5227. July 24 - August 5.
Vaudeville East: still two Sunday evenings left
of "Vancouver's only professional variety
show". August 12 and August 26. Vancouvei
East Cultural Centre, 254-9578.
Beyond Therapy: the play that answers the
question, is there life and love after taking one's
clothes off in the dentist's office? until August
4. Vancouver East Cultural Centre, 254-9578.
The Late Blumer: premier performance of
Vancouver playwright John Lazarus' fantastical
comedy. Arts Club Theatre on Seymour. 687-
5315. Until August 4.
Ain't Misbehavin': held over to August 4at the
Rcvu Theatre. Granville Island. 687-1644.
Van East (7th and Commercial): Stoneboy 7:30
p.m. and Picnic at Hanging Rock 9:15 July 25
and 26; Chariots of Fire 7:30 p.m. and Casablanca 9:45 p.m. July 27 to 29; Ernesto 7:30 p.m.
and Death in Venice 9:15 July 30 and 31. 253-
5455.
B.C. artists: Contemporary prints with focus
on well-known B.C. artists such as Jack Shad-
bolt, Alistair Bell and Pat Martin Bates, July
11 - August 10. Burnaby Art Gallery. 6344
Gilpin St.,291-9441
Hpvi&s
SUB Auditorium (UBC): Scarface 8 p.m. only
July 26; Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window 7:3(
p.m. and Rope 9:45 p.m. July 28 and 29
228-3697.
Ridge Theatre (16th and Arbutus): Ingmar
Bergman's After the Rehearsal 6:30 p.m., 8
p.m.. and 9:30 p.m. Phone 738-6311 for further
information.
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University of British Columbia
STAGE CAMPUS '84
OH, WHAT A LOVELY
WAR
by Charles Chilton &
The Theatre Workshop
Directed by Henry Woolf
JULY 25-AUGUST 4
Adults        $5
Stud./srs.   $4
Tuesdays - Two for One
Curtain 8pm
Frederic Wood Theatre
Res. 228-2678
wTHE CLASSlFIEDSn
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional
lines. 60c. Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $4.20; additional lines, 66c. Additional days, $3.80 and 60c.
Classified ads are payable in advance. Deadline is 10:30 a.m. the
day before publication.
Publications Room 266, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
Charge Phone Orders over $5.00. Call 228-3977.
11 - FOR SALE
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222-2661
Laurent Roberge, two sculptural works: Two
sculptural works called National Geographies
and f8192 Orderly Strings, July 3 - August 10,
UBC Fine Arts Gallery, 228-2759.
Watercolours by Fred Prowse and Donna
Baspaly: two local artists display watercolours,
at the North Vancouver Community Arts
Council, 988-6844. July 11 - August 7.
Halfyard's Little People: a display of simple,
yet very expressive dolls, at the Cartwright
Street Gallery, 687-8266. Opens July 12.
*•••••***••**
*   TINA'S   *
Survey of Contemporary American Art: Forty-six works by twenty-one artists. Included
are paintings, prints, sculpture, ceramics and
two-dimensional mixed media works, at the
Vancouver Art Gallery, 682-5621. July 6- August 6.
T.V. Dinners: rarely seen music videotapes
ranging from pop schlock to esoteric underground. Tuesday August 7, 9 to Iql p.m. at the
Montgomery Cafe, 433 West Pender.
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Inludes MS-DOS Basic! July 25-31
The Summer Ubyssey
Page 7
GUAZAPA.. inspire dancing while condemning U S. intervention in Central America
Charlie Fidelman photo
Nicaragua celebrates
By CHARLIE FIDELMAN
"Sandinistas Vinceras!" chanted
900 people at Charles Tupper high
school gymnasium Thursday night.
The crowd was feverish, dancing in
the aisles, jamming the front stage
area, singing and clapping along with
the music.
They were celebrating the fifth
anniversary of the overthrow of the
Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua
by the Sandinistas with a fund raising
concert which sold out. The roster of
musicians playing free of charge included Kin Lalat, Connie Kaldor.
Nancy White and Doug Wilde,
Yolocamba Ita, Puelche, Guazapa,
and Themba Tana and African Heritage.
"Peace is something that concerns
all of us on this planet. We want to
work towards that peace," said
Puelche before singing their version
El Condor Pasa. The condor is a
symbol of freedom and liberty for
Latin Americans and peace was the
theme of the evening.
The El Salvadorean group living
Nicaragua, Guazapa, gave a salute
to the children of the world. The
seven person band, also called for an
end to U.S. intervention in Nicaragua. "If they don't go, it will be a
second Vietnam." The group Guazapa said El Salvador political prisoners wrote Reagan a letter, and it
was not a love letter. At this point
people left their seats and danced
around the stage.
Themba Tana and African Heritage put everyone back in their seats
by playing a percussion piece that
begged to be heard. Themba Tana
played a bow and metal string using
his mouth and a mallet while next to
him Albert St. Albert created an
overall whirring sound with a length
of plastic tubing.
The song, The Bushman's Bow,
was composed by a bushman in
Zimbabwe who while walking back
to his hut discovers a Coca Cola bottle in his path. The bottle is considered a gift from the gods and becomes a technolgical advance. It becomes a weapon; a symbol of U.S.
intervention.
Backed by Yolocamba Ita and
Doug Wilde, Nancy White sang of
Oscar Romero, the murdered archbishop of El Salvador. In the same
vein she mentioned the upcoming
Canadian papal visit. "It seems the
pope visits the hot spots of the world,
but there are only lotteries and contraceptives here." She concluded her
set with the translated Gracias a la
Vita, a sentimental croone thanking
life for the simple things such as eyesight everyone takes for granted.
Kin Lalat of Guatemala pledged a
song to the Nicaraguan women
fighting along side the men. Asked
by a pair of lovers if they ever play
love songs, Kin Lalat said all their
songs are love songs because it is
precisely for love that they fight.
The evening concluded with all the
musicians on stage playing and singing the national anthem of Nicaragua. Beer and El Salvadorean food
was available for consumption at
modest prices, and booth's selling
books, crafts, and music were also
set up. The concert was sponsored
by the Coalition for Aid to Nicaragua, Oxfam, CUSO, and the Vancouver Folk Music Festival.
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The Summer Ubyssey
Page 8
PC leader promises new prosperity
By ROBERT BEYNON
Progressive Conservative leader
Brian Mulroney kicked off PC
Quadra candidate Bill Clarke's campaign Friday by attacking Liberal
patronage.
He told the 1000 enthusiastic supporters who packed the Hellenic
centre on Arbutus that Prime Minis
ter John Turner, who also plans to
run in Quadra, has a duty to the
people of Canada to produce written
proof he was forced to go ahead with
Trudeau's patronage decisions.
"Let him produce the letter. Canadians require now that he produce
Mulroney admitted making em-
barassing earlier comments himself
the letter whereby he undertook to
make these appointments," Mulroney said.
Mulroney said Liberal patronage
appointments would cost the federal
government $18.2 million - more
than Port Coquitlam residents paid
in income tax last year.
■r»'
v\**. »
0''&*?.'*&
on the issue.
"I acknowledge that from time to
time, as a Conservative out of office
for 30 years, I'll plead guilty to having
mentioned the Senate - movingly,"
he said. "But I pledge to you here
today that our appointments shall
be of the highest quality."
"They shall represent the regions
and shall represent all groups in
Canada and shall bring honour to all
of you and bring honor to this coun-
try-"	
CAMpAiqN '84
Mulroney also said a PC government would be honest and would
restore prosperity to Western Canada.
Reporters travelling with Mulroney said the crowd gave the best response he received last week.
Engineers will
fight decision
The well-dressed, almost entirely
Caucasian crowd cheered Mulroney
frequently. The centre gymnasium
was so crowded people stood in the
doorway. Others stood on concession
tables to see the leaders.
People pressed around Mulroney
as he wound through the crowd to
leave the centre.
Clarke and other lower mainland
P.C. candidates, including Jack
Volrich, Pat Carney, and Bill Langas,
attended the speech.
Mulroney said Western Canadians
elected fine PC MPs and referred to
Clarke as "a tremendous Western
resource."
Clark, although it was his campaign's opening, only two spoke to
introduce Mulroney. An earlier Sun
poll reported Clarke will lose in
Quadra if Turner runs there as
planned.
-Charlie Fidelman photo
MULRONEY PRESSES FLESH after speaking to 1,000 supporters at the Heienic Centre on Arbutus. The
Progressive Conservative Party leader attacked Liberal patronage in his speech which kicked off PC Quadra
incumbent Bill Clarke's campaign. Clarke only introduced Mulroney
SASKATOON(CUP)-The Engineering Students' Society at the University of Saskatchewan is appealing a
decision of the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission, whose
Board of Inquiry ruled March 7 that
the ESS's paper, the Red Eye, had
violated the province's human rights
code by belittling the dignity of
women.
The ESS had originally decided
not to appeal the decision because of
financial considerations, but were
approached by Regina lawyer Fred
Dunbar, who offered to take the case
Censorship restricts student journalism
By GORD MCINTOSH
Reprinted courtesy of Content magazine from their May/June'84 issue.
Three McGill University student
journalists aren't so sure about Canada's boast of a free press after a
three month involuntary crash course
in law and press muzzling.
It all seemed so simple in early
November when the three — Peter
Kuitenbrouwer, Albert Nerenberg,
and Karen Bastow, all 21 — decided
to pick up on a story in the Montreal
Gazette that involved two McGill
professors turned jet-set inventors
who formed three companies operated in Canada, the United States,
and Europe. The professors made
the university a minority shareholder
in a way that contravened its own
charter and then dragged the three
students and a former McGill research associate into a controversy
that has meant jail for one of the
players in this little comedy of errors.
Irving DeVoe and Bruce Holbein,
both microbiology professors at
McGill, came up with an invention
in the department that they said
would remove different metals from
liquids. The invention could be used
to reduce corrosive elements in water-cooled reactors, prevent spoilage
in pharmaceutical products, and
recover precious metals from mine
tailings.
The three student journalists were
prevented by a Quebec superior court
judge from even saying that information, let alone writing it. But more
on that later.
Devoe and Holbein were more
than a couple of guys building a better mousetrap. They borrowed
$40,000 from departmental funds
and DeVoe's federal research grant
that was awarded for academic research and used this money to finance
on-campus research into the invention. DeVoe's wife was hired under
her maiden name, Lynn Parker, to
work on the project.
McGill received shares in two of
the companies in return for allowing
work to be done on campus. The
university has been told by its own
brokers that those shares are not
worth much, even though the McGill
charter says the university must receive 20 per cent of profits made from
any enterprise conducted on campus.
The two   inventors  teamed
&0
"Don't worry about it. One day you're feeling
down and you dish out 20 years to some poor
devil The next day you feel great and everybody
gets a suspended sentence. It all evens out in
the end"
with Montreal stock promoter Irving
Kott, who seems to think the invention could be worth millions.
University officials said last fall
they saw nothing wrong. But a report
commissioned by the university after
a controversy erupted did, and said
McGill failed to prevent a major
conflict of interest.
Written by Montreal lawyer Alex
Patterson, the report said the professors should not have used the microbiology department's administrative assistant and administrative
secretary to work on their enterprise.
He also thought use of the grant
money was something of a peccadil
lo.
Unlike most inventors, DeVoe and
Holbein were not keen on the world
beating a path to their door. From
the beginning, a veil of secrecy was
thrown around the project with staff
strictly forbidden to speak to anyone.
And, as the three student reporters
would find out, DeVoe and Holbein
would go to great lengths to keep
stories about them out of the McGill
Daily. That's where the students' lesson in journalism and the law begins.
The three decided to dig up their
own facts about the professors after
reading the Gazette's piece and, being
three innocents, they wanted to get
both sides of the story.
So they wrote the professors a letter on the morning of November 16
last year, telling them some of the
stuff they had unearthed and asking
for their comments. They asked the
professors to call. The teachers
did not, but their lawyer did — the
same day.
The lawyers told the three students
to be in court at 3 p.m. that day.
After a two-hour wait at the courthouse, the students discovered the
professors' lawyers were seeking a
temporary injunction to prevent
them from publishing anything that
might give away secrets of the invention. The students assured the lawyers they didn't have the secret of the
invention and wouldn't print it if they
did.
They left the courthouse thinking
they could go ahead with their investigations. In fact, they went back to
the newspaper and filed a story about
a chemist, Chan Fai Yam, who
claimed it was he who had developed
the invention but was wrongfully left
off the patent application. He is suing
the professors for $500,000.
The students found themselves
called back to the courthouse the
following morning. This time, they
and Yam were hit with temporary
injunctions by Judge Louis Tannen-
baum. The injunctions were so encompassing and vague that the Daily
was even prevented from reporting a
description of the invention which
had already appeared in the Gazette.
The student journalists' lawyer told
them to say nothing about the invention. Meantime, the injunction, a
court document that anyone could
read if they took the time to look it
up, carried a full description.
The students tried to fight the injunction the following week, going
to the courthouse this time without a
lawyer. The injunction was sustained
by the same judge December 5. It
was sustained again December 15,
this time by Judge Maurice Mercure.
While all this was going on, the
Gazette was covering this new twist
in the case, and repeating a description of the invention prominently in
each story.
Pay attention: Today we learn
Lesson Number 1 about temporary
injunctions. The respondents, frequently nosey journalists, do not get
to defend themselves when a temporary injunction is sought. The defence is made at a subsequent interlocutory hearing. In the case of the
three student journalists, the interlocutory hearing was scheduled for
January 23, effectively keeping the
professors' names out of the campus
paper for two months, over one
quarter of their publishing year.
And now learn about another important part of the legal system:
making deals.
By now, the students had another
lawyer from Quebec legal aid who
told them no judge would take them
seriously. Also bugging the young
reporters was the possibility they
would be called to the witness stand
and be asked to reveal sources, many
of whom were microbiology department staffers fearing for their
jobs.
The students wound up agreeing
to a watered-down version of the injunction, which Kuitenbrouwer says
they can live with; they simply can't
get too technical about the invention.
for free.
Dunbar called the inquiry's ruling
"a bad decision", adding that "It had
to be appealed in the public interest."
The appeal is based on 21 diferent
grounds, covering virtually all aspects of the inquiry's decision.
The appeal states that the Board
of Inquiry was wrong to have applied
criteria relevant to hate literature to
the material contained in the 1979
and  1981 editions of the Red Eye.
Also under question is whether or
not freedom of expression can or
should be limited if the material in
question has no redeeming social
value. This is one of the key points in
the Board's 74-page report.
The decision is also being appealed
on the grounds that women cannot
be considered as a class of persons
with the "inalienable" right not to be
subject to hatred and ridicule, and
on the grounds that the section of
the Saskatchewan Human Rights
code preventing the printing of
material promoting hatred on the
basis of sex is unconstitutional.
Dunbar also takes issue with the
Board of Inquiry's orders which force
the 1983-84 and 1984-85 Red Eye
executives and staffs to attend educational workshops set up by the Human Rights Commission. Dunoar
also thinks it is unfair that the defendants were forced to pay the cost
of three days of Board of Inquiry
hearings.
ESS president Todd Gattinger
called the order an "injustice", saying
that he was in Grade 11 when one of
the offending Red Eyes was published.
University of Saskatchewan law
professor Donna Greschner says it is
impossible to predict what the results
of the appeal will be since, as of the
end of 1982, there were only four
Canadian cases dealing with legislation equivalent to Section 14 of the
Saskatchewan Human Rights Code.
"But when you cite 21 grounds of
appeal, of which only four or five are
ludicrous or non-meritorious, the
chances of you winning on the remaining
16 or 17 are certainly good."
"This is a case that could go all the
way to the Supreme Court of Canada," predicted Greschner.
The Saskatchewan Coalition Against
Porn filed a motion on June 5, the
day the trial opened, to be allowed
to present evidence which would,
according to coalition spokesperson
Susan Dusell, "present a wider range
of viewpoints."
Publications like the Red Eye, Dusell
said, "encourage men to act in an
aggressive and abusive way towards
women and children. We support the
Human Rights Board's decision, but
we feel that it could be taken one
step further."

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