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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 22, 1994

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Array *■        "the vilest rag west ofBlanca"
ubyssey
TUESDAY 22 FEBRUARY 1994
VOLUME 76, ISSUE 34
See the centrespreadfor
more "development" info.
DIVVYING UP THE CHEQUES OF ABSENTEE EDITORS SINCE 1918
Low-income families lose to poker
by Katharine Smart
Although a profitable tourist
development for Vancouver, the
enthusiasm surrounding the
latest waterfront development
near Canada Place has blinded
the public to the concerns of those
that already live in the area.
"The future is no future" for
low-income families who are
being pushed out by "mega-
projects which are rich ghettos
for high income people," said Don
Larson, organizer of CRAB Water
For Life.
The proposed development
consists of a casino, a luxury
hotel, a cruise ship terminal and
a convention centre.
Larson said such a
development will have negative
effects on Crab/Portside park and
the low-income families that use
it. He thinks a major tourist
developmentis wrongforthe area
for two major reasons.
First, use ofthe park will be
eliminated for local residents and
the park will be nothing more
than a "front lawn for a casino."
He said the development is
geared only at the rich, and low-
income people will be pushed
away from the area.
Moreover, Larson said the
casino, if it materializes, will
bring "heavy duty things" into
the community such as drugs,
alcohol, and prostitution. This
mix in a low-income area is
"socially wrong."
Up to this point no social
impact, traffic or environmental
studies have been carried out for
the new development. City
planning official Mike Kimbel
said these studies will be
conducted once a proposal is
decided upon.
According to Larson, that is
too late.
He said once a project is
chosen any studies will just be a
hoop the developer has to jump
through and will have no real
impact in changing the direction
of the project.
Larson and his group have
proposed an alternative to the
current development. They would
like to see mixed income housing
built, with some low-income
housing right near the park on
waterfront property; small,
ethnic food stores, a fishermen's
or farmer's market and the tourist
portion ofthe development moved
to North Vancouver shores.
Larson said a ferry could be
purchased from SeaLink
Express, who have three for sale,
and tourists could be brought to
downtown Vancouver to shop
within ten minutes.
That sort of new community
would preserve the park, create
additional housing, and give the
tourist development a longer life
by building it away from a
potential crime area, Larson said.
Rich tourists would not be
juxtaposed against starving low-
income people in the proposed
area.
According to city planner
Kimbel, much is still up in the
air. Although developers are
required to put 20 per cent of
their proposal towards social
housing, exactly where this
housing is built will be up to the
developer. So whether or not low-
income families will receive a
waterfront view remains
doubtful.
Kimbel statedthe City would
like to "do everything we can to
keep [the park] the way it is," but
nonetheless additional
connections to the park from the
development will probably be
built to give better access to
tourists.
In order to keep the number
of tourists at a minimum, the
new access might be indirect,
Kimbel said. But what becomes
of Crab/Portside park remains to
be seen.
J^Jx^a   Jf-p^4*u*<?   or]   4^>^^xJ  JU*^J (g>!y<£t^w 7   7/f^f^O-
A^
Self-exiled South African to visit UBC
by Jennifer Homer
Self-exiled South African
Alice Mphafi has been a
participant in the struggle for
freedom. Despite recent changes
to the apartheid system, Mphafi
insists the struggle is not over.
Mphafi immigrated to Canada
over a year ago. Her family is
heavily steeped in the politics of
the African National Congress
(ANC). Due to the overwhelming
amount of violence, her family felt
she should leave her country and
immigrate to a country with a
"democratic" state of mind and
consciousness.
"When you grow up in an
environment where personal
liberties are forbidden due to your
colour, you have no choice but to
become involved in politics so that
you can achieve your natural
rights," Mphafi said.
However, Mphafi was
dismayed when she settled in
Canada and found racism is rooted
just as deeply here. Although
extreme violence may not exist in
Canada, Mphafi claims in South
Africa she was openly
discriminated against, whereas in
Canada she faces closet racists.
Now Mphafi's main concern
is returning to her home country
for the first ever all-race elections
on 27 April. She is positive the
ANC will claim victory against
the ruling National Party and
president F.W. De Klerk.
Mphafi strongly supports the
ANC's Freedom Charter, which
states, "South Africa belongs to
all who live in it, black and white,
and that no government can justly
claim authority unless it is based
on the will of all the people."
If the white-dominated
National Party does manage to
succeed, she said she would prefer
to take her own life than face the
continued oppression ofher people.
"I no longer want to experience
what I have for the last 300 years—
I am basically sick and tired," she
said.
Mphafi speculates there will
be escalated unrest after the
election. After the election date
was set, 144 people were killed in
townships.
While president De Klerk has
been glorified around the world
for dismantling the formal
apartheid system, Mphafi points
to unending pressure from the
ANC, the Freedom Alliance, and
numerous other liberation
movements as the real catalyst.
De Klerk initially did not think it
was time for black South Africans
to have the freedom to cast their
vote, she said.
She pointed to the irony of De
Klerk having had the white
population decide whether or not
to give blacks the right to vote. For
these limited actions De Klerk
joined Nelson Mandela in
accepting the Nobel Peace Prize
in October 1993.
Mphafi feels "what rightly
belongs to my people has been
taken away. Apartheid and
segregation have only
compounded the problem."
If the ANC does win the
election, Mphafi notes it will be a
historic challenge to ensure the
democratic result of power to the
people. Different liberation
movements all have different
arguments on how to solve the
problem of racial inequality.
Mphafi concludes "now is the
time to wait and see who will have
the power to solve their problem."
Alice Mphafi will be
presenting her personal
perspectives on women and
development in a panel
discussion this Friday 25
February at 12:30pm in the
SUB theatre. !63cenb.Conrurad--3 luia,i525;(kiditiorkilUr^80cenls.lO%
11 - FOR SALE - Private
FOR SALE: IBM-compatible
luggable computer. Toshiba 3200
SXC-803865Xprocessor wrniath coprocessor, 20 mHz, 120 mb hd, 11
mb ram, 10.5" brilliant thin film
transistor colour display. AC power
only. Perfect condition. At the
bargain price of only $1500. Call
822-8443 on campus or fax 224-
7386.
20 - HOUSING
VACANCIES IN THE SINGLE
student residences are available for
qualified UBC students. Please
contact the housing office in Brock
Hall for details or call 822-2811.
NICE BR IN 3 BR shared house.
$180 per mth. priv. bath & laund.
N/S. 41st & Osier. 266-2636.
30-JOBS
LSAT - GMAT
MCAT - GRE
WEEKEND TEST
PREP SEMINARS
Sessions on NOW
Call 228-1544
Renert Seminars Inc.
TREE PLANTERS wanted. Exp.
preferred but will take rookies.
Work for May & June & more. Good
contract. N.B.R. Call Aaron 874-
6189.
WANTED 2ND OR 3RD yr programming stud. Pref. familiar with
Clarion for 10-12 hr per wk. to as-
sistlead programmer. 731-1177,9-
12pm.
70 - SERVICES
BEST-BUY CAR & TRUCK rentals. We gladly accept cash deposits.
We make renting hassle free. Ph.
261-2277-261-CARS.
LSAT-MCAT-GRE: Intensive 20-
hour weekend seminars; experienced instructors; latest up-to-date
study materials; course fee $195;
full money-back guarantee. OXFORD SEMINARS 739-8030.
80 - TUTORING
WANTEDTUTORFORCommerce
Course (Real Estate Financing),
urban land econ. Call 876-1299
Lara.
ENGLISH TUTOR. B A. English /
UBC. Phone 662-3775. Will return all calls.
REQ TUTOR FOR GEOG 101 lab
component only. Pis. call 731-8432
for more info. Urgent. Exam on
Wed.
85 ■ TYPING WORD PROCESSING
PROFESSIONAL typist, 30 years
exp., ed process/typing, APA/MLA,
thesis. Student rates. Dorothy,
228-8346.
WORD PERFECT LEVEL H
Feb. 26th & 27th
9 am -1 pm both days
It's time to perfect your
WordPerfect skills
$123 + GST
AMS WORD PROCESS-ZING
Ph/fax 822-6640
RESUMES
Only $24.95 (2 pgs). 10 yrs exp.
Includes 10 laser prints & diskette.
224-8071.
PERFECT LASER-printed resumes, term papers, theses, etc.
Stored for two years. Very Reasonable. 889-0476.
MAC/IBM W.P. DTP. Essays, resumes, overhead, business cards,
scanning, etc. Call Joanne 730-
9503.
WORD PROCESSING - Laser
printer, essays, theses, manuscripts. Low rates. Shirley 731-
8096.
THESISBJMHNG
48 hr. service. Gold stamping,hard
cover. Phone 683-BIND.
TWEEN CLASSES
Advertise your group's on-campus
event in The Ubyssey. Submission
forms are available at The Ubyssey
office, SUB 241K. Deadline for
Tuesday's issue is Friday at 3:30pm;
for Friday's issue, Wednesday at
3:30pm. Sorry, late submissions
will not be accepted. Note: Noon
means 12:30pm.	
Tra tutey. February 22
Student Health Outreach. Healthy
eating clinic. Course starts Feb. 22
CDR
Vancouver. BC
*610 !M0W Geo'qia St
m 4Hi
(M4|6tt-4404
Calgary. Alti
#1804 801   6th Aw SW
T2P3W2
(403)265-1966
Edmonton. Alta
#1010 10303 Jasper Ave
T5J3N6
(403)420-0284
Toronto. Ontario
#1920.121 King Si West
M5H 3T9
(416)866-2123
CALL OR SEND A
RESUME IF YOU ARE:
• Changing jobs or careers • Unemployed
• Re-entering the job market       • Displaced
• Recently graduated • Relocating
Professionals from the following backgrounds have recently engaged our
services:
• CEOs and top management • Technical and Engineering
• Mid-level managers • Administration • Supervisors
• Entry-level managers • E0P • Educators
• MIS • Finance/Accounting • MBAs/MAs • CAs
• Ph Ds • Retired Military • Human Resources
Call
 tor a confidential appraisal
interview and begin to plan
for your future today—(604) 688-4404
The Original Beanery Coffee House
is looking for people interested in
displaying their art or photography
in a coffee house setting. Call 224-
2326, ask for Gord or Albert. 2706
Fairview.
WOMEN'S
ISSUE
Storylist is posted
in the office nowl
Story deadline is
Thursday 3 March
at 12:30pm, and
production starts at
noon.
fThursday is a
closed production
night for women
staff only)
• »
SafeWalk
PROGRAM.
For more information or
an application, please
stop by the SafeWalk
desk in the SUB, across
from Blue Chip Cookies
a*'
u
3
C
to
c
3
C
U
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UJ
3
cjr\
a
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ed
£
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and runs for 4 weeks (1 hr/week).
Learn to eat for good health and eat
on the run. Noon-l:30, Brock 207.
Overeaters Anonymous. Weekly
mtg. for compulsive overeaters,
bulimics & anorexics. Noon-1:20
each Tuesday. Lutheran Campus
Centre.
Wednesday- Fatwimrv ga
Colour Connected. Film & Discussion "History ofthe BlackPanthers".
Noon,BuchD323.
Students of Colour Collective. Colour lines: an evening of poetry &
music by people of colour. 5:30pm,
Upstairs PUB at S.F.U.
Science Undergrad. Soc. Dance. 7-
11pm, SUB party room.
UBC School of Music. Penderecki
Quartet Workshop. 2:30, Rm 338,
Music Bldg.
UBC School of Music. Wednesday
Noon Hours. Kathleen Rudolph,
flute / John Rudolph, percussion /
Terence Dawson, piano. Noon,
Music Bldg., Recital hall, Admission: $2.
Women & Development Noon hour
series: speaker—LynnBueckertis
a community activist. She will address occupational health issues for
women in the workplace from an
international perspective. Noon-
2pm, Thea's Lounge, Mezzanine
Level, Grad Student Centre.
Undergrade are welcome!
Thursday. Fahnmrv 24
UBC Women's Centre. Coffee and
Herbal Tea House: All women and
their children welcome. 4:30-
7:30pm, UBC Women's Centre —
SUB 130.
UBC School ofMusic. Distinguished
Artists. Penderecki String Quartet. 8pm, Music Bldg., Recital Hall.
Admission: $15 adults; $10 students/seniors.
Friday, February 25
Nursing Undergraduate Society.
"Directions in Nursing" Presentation series. Discussion forum for
undergrad students with B.SN.
practising nurses. Noon-1:20pm.
Univ. Hosp. - UBC Site, Acute Care
Pavilion T-188 (third floor).
Women Students' Office Sexual Harassment Office Student Health Outreach Ho,v
HELPING THE
WORLD
WRITE NOW
( o I) I
Self-sufficiency through literacy
in the developing world
Please send me .more information
about CODE literacy programs.
Name
Address
Phone
Man to CODE, 321 Chapel Si Ottawa ON KiN 7Z2
Fax i6'3>532-7435   Phone 1-800-661-8633
Did You Know?
Sexual Assault is not only
committed by strangers!
Sexual assault can happen within relationships
that are casual, platonic, dating, professional,
academic or familial. Without consent, sexual
behaviour is not romance; it is dominance and
humiliation. Sexual assault by an acquaintance
can be more traumatic than assault by a stranger.
For more information or help, call:
Women Students' Office
Student Health Outreach
R.C.M.P.
822-241 5 AMS Safety Hazard Line
822-4858 Sexual Harassment Office
224-1322 Student Counselling
WAVAW/Rape Crisis
822-SAFE
822-6353
822-3811
255-6344
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.<? THE UBYSSEY 3
Backlash spells success
by Sarah O'l
iMartla
"The best part of my job is
sitting in a room full of women,"
said minister of women's equality
Penny Priddy, addressing the
AMS-sponsored women in politics
conference.
From 9 to 13 February, the
Westin Bayshore Hotel played
host to the five day extravaganza
which featured a number of panel
discussions, guest speakers,
workshops and heartfelt
conversations between women.
Panels debated a number of
topics, ranging from the role of
women in political parties to
women's ministries. Each panel
was stacked with a diverse group
of women, from Richmond liberal
MLA Linda Reid to local author
and anti-poverty activist Sheila
Baxter.
With the $150 fee and low
delegate turnout, feelings were
mixed about the outcome of the
conference.
"I was surprised at the
appearance of wealth involved; it
seemed really posh—the free wine,
the cellular phones and the
surroundings. I think it could have
been done more frugally," said
university of Winnipeg student
association    vice    president
Danishka Esterhazy, one of the
ten out-of-town guests who
attended the conference.
"We were thinking of writing
a story about it for our student
paper and calling it 'Our
conference with the cast from
Heathers'," Esterhazy said. "I was
really surprised how many people
there worked on Kim Campbell's
campaign.
Esterhazy did, however, see
benefits in the conference.
"It was one of the most
productive and enjoyable
conferences I've ever been to. The
workshops, getting the
nomination and fundraising were
really practical," she said.
Student vice president at
Nipissing university in North Bay,
Renee Zavitz, attended the
conference after her student union
had deemed it discriminatory
because it dealt only with women's
issues. Zavitz feared she would
face backlash when she returned
home from a conference that her
co-workers did not support.
"There was a lot of concern
and fear that I was attending the
conference. A lot of people are
feeling threatened right now,"
Zavitz said.
"North Bay is isolated so I
don't get to interact with women
NAFTA buzzwords
•yttaval
Anyohe~concerned about the
implications of NAFTA and in
search of some insight into the
subject didn't miss much by
missing economist Murray
Smith's lecture last Saturday
night at Woodward IRC.
Dr. Smith, director of the
Carleton Institute for Trade and
Law, was the most recent speaker
in a series of weekly lectures
sponsored by the Vancouver
Institute.
Smith's lecture was titled
"After NAFTA—where do we go
from here?" Although insightful,
his speech didn't really deal with
post-NAFTA issues to any great
extent. Instead, the major portion
of his speech was based on an
analysis of the changes that took
place in the international trading
system in the last two decades.
He discussed the buzz word
"globalization" and how the term
related to countries in the
Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development
(OECD)—comprised primarily of
high income, industrial economies.
He defined it as the "very strong
interpenetration of trade and
investment flows in the 80s and
90s."
Talking of the developing
nations, he mentioned the general
shift from restrictive economic
regimes towards more open,
liberal market economies over the
last decade. Also discussed were
the dramatic changes in the
economic systems of the
communist world over this same
period.
Smith then went on to discuss
some of the factors behind the
initiation and completion of the
original Canada-US Free Trade
Agreement and then NAFTA, from
the Canadian point of view.
Thus, the major portion of his
discussion was historical and
didn't really delve into "after-
NAFTA." Smith did say at the
outset that he wasn't going to
spend   much   time   debating
NAFTA, but made the strong claim
that "a great deal of evidence has
accumulated among successive
generations of economists that
open trade and increasingly open
investment are critical ingredients
in promoting economic growth."
Moreover, he pointed to in-
depth studies by economists that
concluded that the Canadian
recession would have been "more
severe and prolonged" if not for
the FTA.
Discussing NAFTA and its
effects related to Canadian-
Mexican trade in goods, Smith said
he feels the agreement is an
opportunity for Canada. Although
not providing exact data, he stated
that pre-NAFTA trade barriers
on Mexican exports "were rather
small while Mexico had significant
barriers to some Canadian
products."
Yet the overall impact of
NAFTA in this realm will be rather
small because ofthe low volume of
trade between the two nations, he
said.
In response to the well-
documented fears of integrating
with a low wage economy, Smith
mentioned that, "the challenges
facing Canada by increased import
penetration in most labour
intensive, standard technology
industries isn't coming from
Mexico." He pointed out that
although Mexican wages are on
average only 16 per cent of those
in Canada and the US, wages in
other countries such as China and
Indonesia are just one tenth of
Mexican rates.
Smith ended his speech with
some general conclusions. Among
them was that "future trade
agreements will reach more deeply
into national sovereignty than
those of the past."
He didn't expand upon this
notion and left the listener
wondering about the implications
of the statement, such as the
increasing irrelevance of the
nation-state and the power of
multinational corporations.
Graduating?
Annual general Meeting
8c Bzzr Garden coming soon
who have similar political
concerns as I have. Its been
valuable. I think the conference
has helped establish support
across the country," she said.
Zavitz plans to establish a
status of women committee and
hopes for support from women at
her own university.
The backlash many high
profile women face in their fight
against institutional sexism was
a common topic of conversation at
the conference.
However, as closing speaker,
Ontario human rights
commissioner Rosemary Brown
told conference delegates they
should stop worrying about
backlash. It is a normal reaction
to women's success in politics and
we should be encouraged by it
because, according to Brown,
backlash means we are getting
somewhere.
Conference coordinator
Sophia Lee said the conference
was a success even though the
delegate turn out was not as high
as expected. "I hope [the
conference] will be repeated, these
kinds of issues need to be
addressed," Lee said.
If you haven't visited Grekcf. yet.
Come To
TAKE THE CREDIT!
Your Future in
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will fast-track you into a career in professional
accounting.
If you have a University Degree in ANY field you
may be eligible for direct entry into the 2nd year
of Financial Management.
NOW ACCEPTING APPLICATIONS
FOR FALL  94!
For further information please contact:
Margaret Briscall
BCIT Program Head
Financial Management
Tel:   (604)432-8786
KNOWLEDGE THA T WORKS
BRITISH COLUMBIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
fAVEkNA
(The Originai.)
We have a "small part" -the best- of Greece, right here,
in Kiisilano. You can enjoy the Authentic Taverna
Atmosphere and our Superb Greek Food and Wine.
RIGHT HERE... Without going
to Greece! Try our unique menu,
including Spanakopita, Saganaki,
Moussaka, Souvlakia, Kalamaria,
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DAILY SPECIALS FOR
LUNCH AND DINNER.
Take out, Catering,
Weddings, Birthdays.
For Reservations Phone:
736-2118 or 736-9442
2272 West 4th Ave.,
Kitsilano, Vancouver, B.C.
LONDON
FLIGHTS
from $598 return
Price is for full time student with ISIC.
Flights are subject to availability and conditions apply.
Plus: Eurail and Britrail Passes on the spot!
See TRAVEL CUTS for full details:
Lower Level, Student Union Building 822-6890
.J TRAVEL CUTS
Pjtp ^Blffl  Canadian Universities Travel Service limited
HAPPENS
NUMBER 4 THE UBYSSEY
DEVELOPMENT
Government ri
£$tt
w
II
by BIJan Sapohrl
Ever since Canada's
government put itself in a debt
crisis, people have been looking
for ways to make it more cost-
effective. Some have suggested
that to make it more efficient, it
should be run like a business.
What they don't mention is
that the government is already
run like a business—one that's
ripping us off.
The "products" we receive (our
services) don't work properly.
They're usually out of date,
unwanted, or are more packaging
than product. Yet, all the time,
"Canada Inc.* keeps charging its
customers (taxpayers) higher
prices for a product whose quality
gets worse every day.
What we customers want is
better service, or a lower price for
the shit we get now. Instead, what
we get is a load of advertising and
gimmicks ("sales" like tax
loopholes, "coupons" like GST
rebate cheques, etc.). No effort is
ever made to give us fair value for
the money we pay.
Like many very large
companies, Canada Inc. isrunning
itself into the ground through its
huge, inefficient, and corrupt
bureaucracy. It has far too many
executives, assistants, advisors,
consultants, managers, and just-
plain parasites working for it.
Each of them must not only be
paid, but they also usually receive
expensive and ridiculous perks.
The company pays a high price
for this, the advertising, and the
gimmicks, as well as all the
overpriced purchases, kickbacks,
interdepartmental rivalries, and
basic inefficiencies that go with
it. Despite screwingits customers
for every possible cent, Canada
Inc. still can't meet these costs,
and so has amassed a huge debt.
Instead of reducing all the
inefficiency, or cutting out all the
redundant personnel and costly
perks, the executives in charge
are now preparing to cut out entire
product lines, particularly the
ones most of its customers want.
If any personnel are laid off, the
cuts will come from the lowest
levels first.
Those running Canada Inc.
TUESDAY 22 FEBRUARY 1994
ig us off like wild
have no qualms about doing this
to their customers because their
only concern is personal profit.
They perpetuate all the
inefficiency, patronage and
corruption because it fills their
pockets. They have little or no
company loyalty, and absolutely
zeroloyalty to the customers.They
don't care if Canada Inc. goes out
of business, as long as they get a
fat severance cheque when it all
collapses. Some are even hoping
for a takeover from that "white
knight" company to our south.
A   government   is   not   a
business and shouldn't be run like
one. The government is supposed
to organize society in the most
just and efficient way possible.
Our government could, and
certainly should, be much more
eflScientthanitisnow.butrunning
it like a business—for profit—is
not the solution. It's what caused
the problems it has today.
Even though it's "under new
management," the government
still thinks it can make us pay
more to get less. It hasn't learned
that the more it chooses to profit
instead of govern, the less reason
it has to exist.
Campus colonialism versus the Musqueam
by Kamala Todd
The struggle over the
development of UBC's south
campus involves community
groups, the Musqueam Nation—
and an administration that's a
throwback to colonial days.
The colonialists worked to
transform, assimilate and destroy
existing land uses and ways of
life. They imposed their cultural
values on the lands and peoples of
the "colonies" and thereby worked
to reinforce their presence and
cultural control.
This process of shaping space
is a powerful means of asserting
dominance that persists today. It
imposes one way of seeing the
world and seeks to silence dissent
and make difference invisible.
One local example of
reinforcing dominance through
shaping and controlling space is
on our very own campus. Here,
the university administration
created a document outlining the
future ofthe campus in particular
the south campus.
The 1993 greater campus plan
"discussion paper" is the
administration's vision of how the
campus should be shaped. But thi s
vision was not created through
public process and therefore it is
not representative of the rest of
the community. The
administration is asserting its
power to shape and control the
land, which is a blatant
contravention of aboriginal rights
which precede the institution.
Most of greater Vancouver is
Musqueam land, but under land
claim negotiations the Band is
focussing on particular areas. One
such area is the land south of west
16th Ave. This includes the south
campus, most of which only
became part of the university in
1955.
The Musqueam have never
stopped using the forests of the
Point Grey peninsula (the
"endowment lands") for
sustenance and cultural purposes.
As the last undeveloped tract of
Musqueam land and as the last
forested area on the Peninsula,
the land is extremely important
to the Musqueam and they have
asked that no development take
place on south campus until the
land claim is settled. UBC has
ignored this request. Nowhere in
the plan is Musqueam mentioned.
Even the section "Respecting
Campus Neighbours" excludes
Musqueam.
Instead, the university
administration has already gone
ahead and cleared five hectares of
the forest for the National
Research Council (NRC). This
action assumes some special right
to decide the "character" of the
land without public involvement,
to disregard preexisting rights and
to silence dissent. There was much
public protest against the
development. COUP (coalition
opposed to the university plan; now
citizens for open university
planning) and other community
members staged an extensive
protest demanding public process
and a voice in decisions about the
future ofthe public lands.
However, the university
crushed public protest and imposed
a SLAPP (strategic lawsuit against
public participation)—ending that
stage of "consultation."
If you read the greater campus
plan, it is clear that the identity of
the University will not be shaped
by the diversity and the true
history ofthe area.
Instead, the university's
identity is being shaped by
Strangway's doctrine ofthe "three
Rs"—real estate, research and
raising funds. This doctrine is to
be the guiding principle of UBC's
future.
However it does not represent
the diverse visions of the
University community. The
Musqueam Band, as the true
owner of the land and as a
community member, has never
been asked for its vision.
Currently, protest against the
plan has forced the university to
begin a new, more public process.
However, the old plan has not been
abandoned and it is questionable
whether public input will really
be represented.
Though more consultation is
occurring now, it is doubtful that
the University will greatly alter
its vision, for it has the power and
resources to enforce its way. We
can object and maybe even have a
few things changed, but when a
power centre wants to reinforce
its dominance and spread its
values, it will hardly let dissent
and difference come in its way.
Strangway does not even
recognize the Musqueam Band
land rights. Thus, hypocrisy
abounds on a campus where the
power centre sets up an institution
like the First Nations house of
learning while denying the
inherent rights of Native people
in the university's own back yard.
Hopefully, public opposition
will force the administration to
realize that it exists to serve the
needs of the community, not to
ordain them. The administration
must not determine the future of
the campus and the shape of the
local lands without input and
discussion, and especially without
consultation with and respect for
the Musqueam.
WEEK
til friday
•HOTIXASIMQTFLASHHQTFIAS^
* non-dominating in our personal lives; if we truly •
* care about equality, we have to fight for the %
institutional changes that will make it socially real. 9
If you are interested in working to make UBC a •
more inclusive place for all students, and in •
opposing the attempts by a white male elite to •
block progressive change at this university, then #
you may be interested in joining the Students' a
Political Education and Action Koalition (SPEAK). •
We are seeking to establish a network of politically- •
'• committed students across campus. You may •
* find out more about us by leaving your name and *
* phone number with the women's students office, s
* at 822-2415. •
•HOTFLASHHOTFLASHHOTPLASHHOT*
• On Thursday at 12:30 in the SUB Auditorium •
' there will be a free screening of "Our Home *
, and Native Land". The film, directed by Gil m
• Cardinal and produced by Great Plains*
• production, chronicles the ups and downs of •
the negotiations through intimate journeys*
with Ovide Mercredi and his struggle to have *
aboriginal rights constitutionally recognized. a
The movie is shown as part of the GDC's »
Rethinking development week. The movie*
raises issues of what "development" Canada •
should be focusing on at home. It reinforces •
" the need to address social justice issues in %
• our own back yard. •
•HOTFLASHHOTFLASHHOTFLASHHOI TUESDAY 22 FEBRUARY 1994
DEVELOPMENT
THE UBYSSEY 5
Cheslatta: sacrificed on an aluminum altar
byMattOreen
Throughout the last fifty
years, the Cheslatta people have
had their homes and culture
disrupted, and in some cases
destroyed, by Alcan's Kemano I
project.
Today the Cheslatta are
rebuilding their culture and
reclaiming their land, but their
future is again in danger, this time
from Alcan's Kemano Completion
Project (KCP).
While the Cheslatta have
regained "hope for their children
and their grandchildren... KCP
threatens to snatch that hope
away," band researcher Dana
Wagg said.
In 1952, Alcan attempted to
make its Kemano I project satisfy
the requirements of the
Department of Fisheries and
Oceans by constructing a dam on
the Cheslatta/Murray Lake water
system. This drove the Cheslatta
people from their traditional land
of self-sufficiency and spiritual
wealth into a world of alienation
and economic dependancy.
Alcan, along with the
provincial and federal
governments, knew prior to the
Murray Lake dam's construction
that the higher water levels would
WW
submerge several native villages.
Nevertheless, they determined the
project would proceed without the
consent of the Cheslatta people,
regardless of its effects on them.
In 1952, in a letter to BC
Indian Commissioner W.S. Ameil,
superintendent of Reserves and
Trusts D.J. Allen stated that, "we
should not stand in the way of a
development... even though it may
mean the Indians will lose two or
three small reserves."
The negotiations which did
take place were short, and took
place after the water levels began
to rise. The natives were given the
choice to leave their land and
accept compensation from Alcan
or move without compensation.
Unable to bring the Cheslatta
into an agreement, Alcan and the
department of Indian Affairs
forged the surrender documents.
The Cheslatta were forced out,
and their villages and graveyards
were destroyed. In addition, the
dramatic influx of water from
Alcan's Skins Lake Spillway,
originally built to release excess
water from the reservoir,
irreversibly damaged the lake
system.
The new land was infertile,
and the Cheslatta could not fish
and trap as they had previously,
becoming dependent on
government assistance. In 1992
the unemployment rate on the
reserve stood at 85 per cent. This
shattered the morale of the
Cheslatta people, and the formerly
non-existent problems of drug
abuse and suicide became
widespread.
The Cheslatta are a strong
people, and are beginning to
reclaim both their land and their
heritage. They are rebuilding
flooded graveyards, working on a
sustainable development project
(which includes activities such as
guiding and fish management),
and have established a trust fund
to support their elders. In the
words of band researcher Dana
Wagg, "going back to the land is a
big part of strengthening the spirit
of the Cheslatta and healing the
nation."
Alcan BC vice president Bill
Rich, in an address to the BC
Utilities Comission, apologized to
the Cheslatta, saying "we are very
sorry that this chapter in our
project's history ever happened."
Along with his expression of
regret, Rich promised that Alcan
has tried to "make sure that the
second phase of our project is
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Development at Home: Native
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designed... to redress some ofthe
problems created for Cheslatta by
the first phase."
The sincerity ofRich's apology
comes into question, considering
the fact that as recently as 1991
the Cheslatta took Alcan to court
inorder togetaccesstofiles needed
in negotiations with Ottawa. In
1992, the company failed to warn
the band of a major discharge of
water from the spillway which
caused the flooding of a recently
rebuilt graveyard.
Rich's assertion that KCP
would benefit Cheslatta is based
on his assumption that after the
Skins Lake Spillway is
permanently closed, a move called
for under KCP, "the levels of
Murray and Cheslatta Lakes will
stabilize to their historic ranges,
with expected benefits to the fish
resources in these lakes."
Band researcher Mike
Robertson disagreed. He argued
that the damage to the lakes is
irreversible, and "in order to
sustain the system, we now need
[water from] the spillway."
Robertson added, "the fishery can
be rebuilt, but we need water going
through that system."
Robertson said the KCP "is
not a job creation project at all.
by Kamala Todd
After all the public discussion
and intense activity surrounding
the constitutional negotiations of
1992, the governmentis not saying
much about aboriginal self-
government these days. In 1992,
Canada's First Nations came
closer than ever to havinginherent
rights to self-government
constitutionally recognized and
affirmed. However, once the
referendum failed, public interest
in the issue dwindled.
Representing 500 years since
European arrival, 1992 marked
an era celebrating survival and
recognizing resistance. For the
first time aboriginal rights were
high on the public agenda in a
country which holds an ugly record
of colonial policies of suppression,
paternalism, and assimilation. For
many, the political triumphs
promised a cathartic time when a
legacy of injustice could be
transformed into a new,
empowering future of power-
sharing through a third order of
government and recognition of
aboriginal rights.
Many Native leaders became
directly involved in the
negotiations as representatives for
their communities. In particular,
Ovide Mercredi rose to a high
public profile. He and other leaders
brought the issue of self-
government to the top ofthe public
agenda. Every time Canadians
saw Native issues discussed, the
denial of the country's colonial
history was impossible.
It was an empowering year of
optimism and frustration.
Through direct participation, .
Native peoples articulated their
demandsfor constitutional reform.
Parallel to the government's
commissions and discussions, an
aboriginal public process operated.
The process was not smooth and
there were many voices of
opposition and suspicion.
Throughout the negotiations,
however turbulent, aboriginal
issues remained a high public
priority. With the issue in the
spotlight, the government could
nolongerignoreits responsibilities
or attempt to silence aboriginal
claims.
The Charlottetown
When all the people pack up their
[construction] tools...we're sitting
here with eight to ten full-time
jobs at Kemano."
While ten full-time jobs are
better than none, this is half as
many as will be lost if the project
is allowed to disrupt the band's
redevelopment project. Kemano is
too far away from Cheslatta to
offer employment opportunities to
band members.
On the other hand, the band's
own reclamation efforts are
already producing tangible
results. The reclamation project
has already created 15 to 20
permanent jobs at Cheslatta.
"It's been about three years
since the Cheslatta people have
had to go to the funeral of someone
who has died from alcohol abuse,
and they want that to continue,"
Wagg said.
Meanwhile, Robertson
stressed the Cheslatta are not the
only people who will bear the
burden of Alcan's mega-project,
urging all British Columbians to
"take this thing seriously because
there's not going to be anyone left
unscathed by this project...if
people are concerned about saving
the Fraser River they should get
on the bandwagon, find out about
KCP, and fight it."
Here are some things
to think over before
volunteering overseas
referendum was a package deal
and Canadians had to agree on
two other proposals in the
constitutional agenda. The failure
of the referendum was an anti-
climactic end which brought a
sense of exhaustion to many.
However, new strategies have
begun and while Native
communities continue to deal with
these crucial issues, it seems that
in the public conciousness,
aboriginal issues have once again
been pushed to the side. These
days, Canada is deficit-obsessed.
The current government has not
put forth a strong stance on
aboriginal affairs and it too has
fallen into deficit-neurosis.
The current tunnel vision
trend is draining necessary
energy, resources and public
attention from crucial issues that
need to be resolved. While fears of
our economic future may afflict
us, we must recognize that other
struggles continue. We cannot
neglect issues that affect so many
Canadians. Having Native rights
recognized in the Canadian
constitution is one such issue.
by T Richardson
Volunteering overseas with
an international organization
seems to be an attractive way to
take time out, do some
development work, see new faces
and places and help improve the
lives of others. But wait a minute,
what do we mean by development?
Why should these places develop?
Who should determine how they
develop and what form their
"developed" lives and societies
should take? Finally, what about
development in our own
communities?
The term "development" in
this context implies an
"unqualified good" or "progress"
that people, particularly in poor
developing countries, can and
should attain by adopting the
economic, political, and social
models of Western developed
nations. This ideology suggests
that first world folks naturally
have a lot to teach people of the
developing world. Consequently
many projects have done more
harm than good because
organizers have not taken into
account the knowledge and
experiences ofthe people they are
designed to help.
But do these countries really
develop by adopting a Western
agenda for development, with its
technology, consumer culture,
industrialism and subservience to
the global economy?
Western-led "development"
means cash cropping, mono-
cropping and mega-projects such
as dams that incur large debts
and wipe out small communities
of indigenous peoples. It means
debt and poverty due to
dependence on fluctuating
international markets, leading
developing countries into a cycle
of dependency which has its
greatest negative impact on poorer
sectors of a society.
For example, in Sri Lanka in
1978, the Mahaveli Irrigation
Program involved the building of
three dams along the Mahaveli
River and constructing power
stations to triple the energy
capacity. The European-financed
program had financial problems
which the Sri Lankan government
compensated for by raising taxes
and cutting food subsidies. Small
farmers were forced off their land
and resettled with little
compensation.
Similarly a small community
in Papua, New Guinea suffers one
ofthe highest rates of malnutrition
in its district despite rich arable
land. Abundant crops which
include carrots, beans, lettuce and
coffee are sold for cash which is
used to buy tea, sugar, biscuits
and non-nutritious foods.
Increasingly, many contend
development should be
indigenously defined, based on
local value systems and technology
and aimed towards creating a self-
sufficient, sustainable society.
People of a particular community
know what they need and have an
intimate knowledge of their
environment; thus, they should
be the initiators and decisionmakers of projects. Western skills,
knowledge and expertise can be
made accessible for communities
but should not be the determining
force in projects. This allows for
westerners to learn from the
people they claim to be helping.
Perhaps then, there are fewer
places for curious well-intentioned
students to volunteer overseas
doing "development work". As an
alternative, interest and energy
can be turned towards our own
community. There are many social
issues in our communities such as
poverty, homelessness, depletion
of resources, racism, and sexism
that need addressing in order to
"develop" our own society.
"Development" has a history
that needs to be critically reexamined. Anyone who plans to
work overseas should be aware of
the context in which their work
will take place. 6 THE UBYSSEY
EDITORIAL
Reminisce entering the familiar glass doors
under the same, oddly cone-shaped roof. The tile
floors emit the scent of ammonia overlapped with
floral you know so well. The pseudo-wood panel
table tops and booth seats still bolted down. Same
salad bar, same sneeze-guard. Pizza Hut. Recognize
old times on Granview Highway? Thinkm* of rest
stops from family vacations to California? Think
again. You've entered the hottest new locale in La
Ceiba, a tiny town on the Mesquito Coast of the
Honduras.
"Development" is romping through remote
world corners. The First World exports more than
just western products to developing nations, we
export our western ways—Colonel Sanders as well
as computers. We sell the culture of consumption,
the mentality that more is better and newer is best.
We're not just talking trade, we're talking
Lifestyle with a capital L, dreams, ambitions,
perceptions of reality. It's scary to imagine that the
most widely watched program in the world is
Dallas; the most widely used word is "okay;" and
the best known product name is coca-cola. So now,
when you walk into that spanking new 700 seat
McDonalds in Bejing, you'll have no problem
ordering a coke and a big mac. Lucky us. Lucky
world.
Although we in the developed world compose
only 17 per cent of the world's population, we
consume 75 per cent ofthe resources and produce
85 per cent ofthe world's toxic pollutants.
Worry not only for the ever-diminishing plant
and animal gene pool that defines biodiversity.
Worry now also for the increasing loss of cultural
diversity and its displacement by the cancerous
"sell" of economic growth, the perpetual promotion
of material wealth, the ecstatic waving of the
almighty dollar. David Suzuki calls this trend "a
depressing homogeneity of human beings that
reflects the monoculture of society with one aim,
progress."
Television is giving a vision ofthe world through
cataracts and blinkers, a narrow vision of the
American dream and mythology to profit from the
global market. This same vision is Bob Bourassa's
perception of Northern Quebec, as a million
kilowatts of hydroelectric power, as an enormous
wasteland with economic potential—not as a
thriving ecosystem on which aborigines depend for
their way of life. This is the frightening vision that
is increasingly being embraced by all people of all
cultures.
Going the way ofthe dodo bird are the altruistic
notions of sharing, giving, and cooperating, the
elements by which communities were born and
survived. For they are irrational ideas that do not
fit neatly and precisely into the flowchart of
production and consumption. Like individual
thought, consideration for others is the price of
progress.
And so too will go our flexibility to survive.
Genetic diversity gives resiliency to a species in
times of new environmental stresses. When an
unanticipated disaster afflicts the human race, the
disappearance of cultural diversity whose insights
took hundreds of years to cultivate will guarantee
our entombment.
Thaf s the price of turning the global village
into a world-wide stripmall.
OP/ED
gflfHa.
the Ubyssey
22 February 1994
The Ubyssey is ■ founding member of Canadian University Press
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of British Columbia with a circulation of
12,000. Editorial opinions are thoseof the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the publisher. The
editorial office is Room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial Department phone 822-2301; advertising, 822-3977;
FAX 822-9279
Matt Green grabbed Paula Foran by her lapels and dragged her a ride for
a huahed word. "We're got to watch out for the encroachment or leftist liberal
pinks feminist ideologaea on our very own UBC campus,' he whispered.
Store Bercie raised an eyebrow when Graham Cook passed him a copy ofthe
feminist manifesto. "Now we haTe a guidebook," Cook said.
Teresa Yep and Taivo Evard wholeheartedly agreed. "We need something
like this to guide our thought processes," they said in unison.
Omar Kaaais and Nhra Chow took Janice Fiamengo and Jason Hayden into
the empty darkroom. "We can read this by candlelight in here whan the backlash
cant reach us," Kassis said.
Bijan Sepehri and Tanya Richardson began to develop concrete guidelines
for the leftist think-tank. Graham Coleman and Kamala Todd acted as coordinators
to the left front internationally. Steve Scali and Sara Martin would serve as UN
plants to bring feminist "communist-friendly* thought to the globe.
The think tank would be led by the most reluctant of rulers, a multi-headed
left-wing knee-jerk monster comprised of Lisa Kwan, Gregg McNally, Tanya
Richardson, Katherine Smart, and Ted Young-Ing.
Jennifer Horner would 'end off media with carefull constructed
disinformation campaigns, with Steve Chow as her steely-eyed bodyguard. Any
further opposition would be stomped by the boots of Sarah OTJoimell, always
ready for a scrap with the forces of evil permeating the planet.
And they lived in solidarity in Doug Ferris' pad ever after.
Editors
Caat«natlr« Editor: Douglas "I play fuckta'tamlbsir Fwirss
Now* CoofwteaUr: Qrahan "Maodlna; haarT Coak
Nawa GaWara: Sara "maka mlna a doubts," Martin,
Taivo Ttonioy-doan-pl»T«urr Evara
Ce4tam&Ma«Tad>aua.welirYaa^i«
Mr. Sphinqfer presents : develop!
"tertT  -Wnt way  \\ WOu)cl   be   ,p      1
UESDAY 22 FEBRUARY 1994
H&JlanAJb-^ by Anusi
V
dn^x^tcL   3ut 5 u^m^t C dp
odZ S Co*
Letters to the Staff
Respect the
Science man!
F.C.S. Tsai claims that
much of clearcut Old Growth
forests are exported as raw
logs or converted to pulp for
phone books and toilet paper
and that Dean of Forestry
Clark Binkley has been
remiss in opposing the
practice (Ubyssey February
5). As an economist I believe
Dean Binkley would rally
against this situation if it
were true. B.C. Law severely
restricts the export of raw
logs and less than 2% ofthe
entire yearly harvest are
shipped, half of which comes
from a small proportion of
land— Federally (un)
regulated Indian reserves.
Toilet paper is made mostly
of nice, soft poplar, not
strong, stiff conifers and
with the large relative
difference in pulp and
lumber prices these days
even poor quality logs are
heading to sawmills to
extract maximum value. As
an economist, I would expect
Dean Binkley to advocate
using land to the best benefit
of its owners, which happen
to be the public. In many
]B.C. forest areas the ecology of
clearfelling enhances, not
compromises, long and short
.term returns. Should the
Public owners decide that
economics is not the best
measure of value then
perhaps no type of logging
will maximize it. If the issue
is to be debated, however,
we need to uncover and
respect the science that
underlies the issues. There
isn't any point in making
ignorant decisions which
end up wrong just because
they feel good now.
Robert Froese
Forestry 3
Beware the
Spaxman
I was reminded yet
again of the University's
contempt for the community
when I read the comments
of planning consultant Ray
Spaxman, reported in the
Vancouver Courier
February 16.
Spaxman, hired by the
administration "to develop
a legitimate public process
forthecampus,"madeifvery
clear to the Courier that he
is really here to do a public
relations job for the UBC
administration.
He said it's his job "to
meet with all the
stakeholders in the area and
find a credible process that
undermines cynics and gives
credibility to the
University's ambitious
development plans."
Well, the man is honest:
he knows where the power
lies. As forme, Fm honoured
to be a "cynic" in the face of
such spuriousness. It feels
cleaner somehow.
Yours sincerely,
Nancy C. Horsman
Weep for
Another
Oppressed Man
In recent Biology
lectures, I learned about the
hostile attitude towards
gender equity at this
university. Imagine my
distress after discovering
sexist, outdated terms like:
mother cell, daughter cell and
sister cell in my textbook.
My depression deepened
when the Prof., obviously
insensitive to male student's
psychological needs, referred
to these terms numerous
times. Here was an abrupt
attack on males by this
society's hateful, oppressive,
matriarchal dictatorship.
Before receiving this
revelation, I believe both
genders could coexist
happily; now lam confronted
with the horrific truth ofthe
female plot to subdue the
unsuspecting, male gender.
Armed with this
knowledge, I quickly realized
the extent of this hateful ant-
male campaign. Here are two
of many examples I found on
campus.
The Goddess of
Democracy - a statue outside
ofthe SUB. AN obvious ploy
by the matriarchal
dictatorship to convince
males that we are not worthy
to have gods in our own form.
Mother and Child - A
statue adjacent to Main and
Sedgewick Libraries. Notice
the mother subdues the sprit
of her male child by holding
him under her chin.
Obedience training teaches
similar tactics to dog owners
- straddle the dog to
demonstrate your
superiority. Society
euphemises this blatant
oppression fo male children,
referring to it as "a mother's
love."
Understanding the
draconian matriarchy will
not enjoy knowing their
"frigid climate" has been
discovered, I must offer
myself a willing sacrifice to
warn my brothers of their
unwitting trek into slavery.
You have been warned; we
must mobilize to stop this
legacy of oppression! Men
unite with men to fight
matriarchy!
Candle light vigils and
rallies will be held, daily, for
six months until the
matriarchy releases our
brothers. Wear a mauve
ribbon (all other colors have
another cause) to show
compassion foran oppressed
male.
Jason Hayes
Forestry 3
No platform for
neo-Nazi pig-
dogs
Let's be clear about
Holocaust denial—it has NO
place at UBC or anywhere
else. A recent letter to The
Ubyssey encourages a public
debate ofthe topic featuring
local Nazi, John Ball, in the
hopes of exposing his ideas
as evil or misguided.
Anti-racists and anti-
Nazis cannot allow it. My
stand is not a kneejerk
censorship of views opposed
to my own.
Put aside the FACT that
the Holocaust DID happen.
Put aside the Fact that the
main Holocaust deniers have
been proven FRAUDS by
governments, courts, and
professional associations
around the world.
Fascism is
fundamentally based on the
smashing of all opposition.
Its real power lies in the
ability of its supporters to
physically attack its enemies
and frighten opponents into
silence.
Nazis use their freedom
of speech solely to legitimize
the denial of that right to
others. Holocaust denial
reinforces the view that Jews
simply complain too much
and should be silenced. This
outrageously racist
perspective is unacceptable.
For those of you who
think UBC is large and
mature enough to contain a
debate on Holocaust denial,
try out you rational rebuttals
on a pack of Nazi thugs as
you head home from the
movies or go out on a date or
shopping.
If we allow "suit-and-tie"
Nazis one shred of
respectability on campus, we
give their goons another
reason to walk tall and kick
butt.
It's time to end racism's
new respectability, brought
on by our rulers' need to
scapegoat the most
vulnerable sections of society
for their own economic crisis.
Join the International
Socialists in the fight to expel
the Newton Legion for
discriminating against Sikh
veterans, to defend turbans
in the RCMP, and to expose
and oppose the Hitler-
quoting, immigrant-bashing,
racist Reform Party.
Ian Weniger
Teacher Education,
International Socialists
Open Letter to
all Mechanical
Engineers
If you ever want to see
your sign alive and well
again, you'll follow these
instructions. Make a $25.00
donation to Greenpeace in
the name of Mike Harcourt,
Forest Destroyer #1. Send a
copy of the receipt to the
Ubyssey for publication next
week. If you don't, we can't
be responsible for what might
happen. We heard the
Manning Park is looking for
a replacement for the
Marmot that somebody cut
up. A nice red and white
"Mechanical Engineers" sign
maybe just the ticket. By the
way, nice work at the Ridge,
people. Perhaps you should
stick to hanging
Volkswagens    from   the
bridges.
E ngineers
Rub
Their
W ienies
Hugs and Kisses,
Omar TUESDAY 22 FEBRUARY 1994
PERSPECTIVE/SPORTS
THE UBYSSEY 7
Misconceptions of women's victimization refuted
For me one ofthe
strangest and most perverse
misconceptions circulated
about those involved in
liberation struggles is that
we somehow take pleasure in
contemplating and
proclaiming
(some would
say
fabricating)
our
victimization.
Over and
over again, I have heard radical
feminists charged with
"capitalizing" on the Montreal
Massacre, as if we were glad
that fourteen women had died
because it gave us something
to hold over men, as if the whole
tragedy was really about men's
pain, men's fear, and men's
oppression.
Just a few months ago,
Peter Raeside wrote a column
in the Vancouver Sun
reviewing two books on men's
issues which he claimed would
discomfort women who had "an
investmentin the victimization
of their gender." He seemed to
believe, with many other men,
that women are unwilling to
relinquish their victim status.
For women and our male
allies involved in feminism(s),
PERSPECTIVE
by Janise Fiamengo
is interested in seeing men suffer
as we have.
I must admit that I have read
the self-righteous and self-pitying
proclamations of men such as
professors James Steiger and
Peter Suedfeld—and they are
certainly       not
isolated
individuals—with
a growing sense of
bone-weariness. I
am tired of having
to answer their
unjust charges, and tired of having
to answer for their failures of
empathy and understanding.
I cannot count the times I
have heard that feminists must
work harder to get their message
across, that we must be more
careful not to put men on the
defensive, must speak more softly,
moderate our demands for justice,
make it clear that feminism is not
a threat to them. This expectation
. of feminism, that wewomen blame
ourselves for men's resistance to
change, places an unfair burden
on the least powerful members of
society, and places an
unreasonable faith (against all the
evidence) in the inherent fairness
of those who have come to
understand their power over
others to be natural and right.
Many men have listened and
"I am tired of having to answer their unjust
charges, and tired of having to answer for
their failures of empathy and
understanding"
as well as for anti-racist and
an ti-homophobia activists, our
work is about refusing
victimization, not
manipulating or revelling in it.
It is true that women and
people of colour have found it
necessary and empowering to
name the sources of our
oppression: we have
understood that a precise
naming is the first step in
fighting the massive inequities
which underpin liberal-
humanist platitudes about
level playing fields, equal
opportunity, and free speech.
But naming oppression is
not the same as practicing it,
and women's empowerment is
not a plot against white men. I
have never met a feminist who
heard the demands of women and
people of colour for justice. For
these men, I have a deep respect.
I know that the work of analyzing
one's own position of dominance
(which it is in the nature of
ideology to hide) is often very
difficult, and I admire those who
have cared enough about the
meaning of equality to do it. But
many socially-privileged men have
failed to do so, and often not from
an honest misunderstanding, but
from an unwillingness to share
power.
For men who enjoy the
benefits they receive in a white
supremacist, patriarchal society,
feminism is indeed a threat. Some
are angry that they can no longer
use sexual intimidation to control
women in the workplace. Some
THINKING OF TEACHING?
The University of British Columbia invites applications to
its teacher education programs for September 1994.
All programs lead to both
• the B.C. Professional Teaching Certificate
• the U.B.C. Bachelor of Education degree
All programs feature
• a full term of teaching practice
• effective communications skills
• classroom management strategies
• providing for students with special needs
Secondary teaching applicants with 4-year Bachelor's degrees and strength
in one or two teaching subjects enter a 12-month program.
Middle school (grades 6-8) teaching applicants with 4-year Bachelor's
degrees and strength in English, social studies or science may enter a
12-month program. Elementary teaching applicants with acceptable 4-year
degrees may enter a 12-month program.
Elementary teaching applicants with three or more years of appropriate
university credit may enter a 2-year program.
Information and applications now available from:
Teacher Education Office
Faculty of Education
The University of British Columbia
2125 Main Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4
(604) 822-5242 or 4612 (messages 24 hours) Fax (604) 822-8227
are threatened that they can no
longer teach their classes as if
white men were the only human
beings who counted. Some are
annoyed that they can no longer
"freely express themselves"
through sexist and racist jokes
which affirm their superiority.
With these men, all of the
arguments in the world, all ofthe
soft speech and sensitivity to their
feelings, will not work to dispel
their hostility. Only our silence
will do it. And we will not be silent
and they know it, and are afraid.
Feminism is not only about
convincing white men to share
power; it is also about compelling
them to do so, making sure that
they have no other choice. As
incidents of sexual and racial
harassment and hate speech rise
across North America university
and college campuses, it is time
for men and women to join together
to fight discrimination faced by
women, people of colour, and
gays and lesbians. It is time
that members of dominant
groups took more
responsibility for ending
inequality.
It is not enough to be
non-dominating in our
personal lives; if we truly care
about equality, we have to
fight for the institutional
changes that will make it
socially real.
MEN'S BASKETBALL BIRDS SET
FOR IMG PLAYOFF SHOWDOWN
by Steve Berdc
After missing the Canada
West conference playoffs last
year, the UBC men's basketball
T-Birds are back and primed
for battle.
"We're playing our best
basketball of the year right
now," said head coach Bruce
Enns. His team clinched third
place two weeks ago and will
travel to Victoria to take on the
Vikings in a best two of three
semi-final this upcoming
weekend.
Following a poor 1-5 start
to the season, the T-Birds
bounced back after Christmas
break winning eight of twelve,
including their last three starts
(prior toa splitof ameaningless
weekend series at
Saskatchewan). "We're
definately peaking at the right
time," said Enns.
They will need momentum
heading into the series with
the tough Victoria team, who
ranked in the top three or four
nationally all year.
The UBC-UVic matchup
will be nothing new as these
perennial rivals have squared off
in playoff action in four ofthe last
seven years. "We know each other
very well and I dont think we're
gonna surprise one another very
much. It'll be a question of who
wants it more," mentioned Enns.
The Vikings won the regular
season series 2-1. Although the
semi-finals will be played in
Victoria, Enns doesn't feel
homecourt advantage will be a
significant factor. After all, UBC
defeated UVic in one of their two
games at McKinnen Gymnasium
this year.
Despite Victoria's manifold
strengths and steady play all year,
the coach is confident about the
upcoming battle. "A number of
our guys are getting healthy now
and overall we're starting to play
a lot better as a team."
The Thunderbirds most
notable strength heading into
hostile territory is their well-
balanced attack. For the 1993-
1994 season, they have six players
averaging over ten points a game—
an impressive statistic. The fact
that a different player has led the
team in scoring in each of their
last five games further illustrates
the distribution of talent on UBC's
team.
Because of this multifaceted
attack, Enns feels that "Victoria
is gonna have a lot of trouble
stopping us on offence."
In looking for an upset, the T-
Birds will be trying to rekindle
the spirit of past UBC success in
basketball. Before last year's poof
showing, the team finished fourth
and third nationally in 1991 and
1992 respectively.
"Our guys are aware of the
tradition and feel a duty to
enhance it," said Enns. "Now well
just have to find out whether or
not we're capable of rising to the
challenge come Victoria time."
The women's basketball team
swept the series in Saskatchewan
this past weekend to finish the
season in third place with a 13-7
record. They travel to Lethbridge
this weekend to take them on in
semi-final playoff action.
Speak Free!
Student Forum
on Racism
March 1 • 5 to 7 pm • Buchanan A202
Are you concerned about racism at UBC or in the public at large? What
exactly are your concerns? What would a non-racist university be like?
How do we get there?
This forum is an opportunity for students to voice your responses to these
questions. Then, with your permission, the responses will be taken to the
March 21 mini-conference,"Racism: Continuing the Dialogue" and
included in the recommendations from the Multicultural Liaison Office to
the UBC's President, Provost, and the Associate Vice President, Equity (yet
to be appointed) who will be responsible for the new Human Rights Office
at UBC.
This session is sponsored by the Student Advisory Committee of the UBC
Multicultural Liaison Office.
Open to students only.
Light supper will be served.
Spaces are limited.
For more information or to register,
call Katherine Beaumont at 822-9583
or email mlo@unixg.ubc.ca.
0    1^
III
DDDMD
D
mcmgc u
I
t
u
by Lisa Kwan
True to the mad time flippings of the Manawanka series, this
stage adaptation of Margaret Lawrence's The Stone Angel presents a
quick and sombre overview of Hagar Shipley's life from the 19th
century to the 1960s.
The play, a number of flashbacks, begins with the 90-year old
Hagar (played by Marilyn Norry) in a Vancouver hospital room.
From her childhood up Manewanka to the last stage of her life,
Hagar never develops a real ability to take control of her life and her
helplessness precludes any real happiness.
THEATRE
The Stone Angel
Firehall Arts Centre
until March 20
Denied any further education after finishing school by her
menacing father, Hagar, in defiance, marries her lover Bram. The
marriage is disappointing: Bram becomes an obstinate drunkard who
can't get his english right; one of their sons, John, starts taking after
Bram, to counter Hagar's favourtism. The Shipleys soon become
known as the "Shitleys."
She leaves Manewanka for Vancouver with her two sons, and
before long, becomes an old confused hag, trying to sort out her past
and make peace with herself. "What is this place?" she asks. A good
question. Hagar never changes clothes, never leaves the stage. The
same furniture remains on stage for the duration of the play,
becoming 80 years of various scenes including bedrooms, kitchens,
a dance floor, an operating room and a bam.
James W. Nichol's stage adaptation of this novel is a smooth and well thought out piece of work, and details such
as the lighting were impressive. Marilyn Norry is a good Hagar until her character reaches forty years old, when she
seems to disintegrate as a grumpy spinster (although she has an excellent scowl). Karin Konoval gives a flawless
performance as Louie and Doris, and her versatility is a definite asset to the troupe.
AlthoughTTie Stone Angel is a relatively lpn&D.Jay, thp.se that are already familiar with LawrCTige's novel, will
notice that it has been compacted, for ^i^|||a||rf|i: H|v^v^,^s|f Mo^0^We in fiwn:||l^:%e||r |r |p|
one has read the book. ** ■* *' 4K    " '"' "''"' *' w ***
DAVID COOPER PHOTO
by Steve Scali
Insight into Philip Roth's Goodbye,
Columbus may be afforded by the aphorism
on page one: "The heart is half a prophet."
The novel won the 1960 National Book
Award in Fiction, but the work is just as
timely, penetrating in its insight, and relevant
in its simple prose to everyday life now as it
was then.
BOOK
Goodbye, Columbus
by Philip Roth
Goodbye, Columbus, consisting of a
noveletta of the same name and five short
stories, is a skillfully crafted, unpretentious
non-stop literary adventure. All the stories
deal with the vicissitudes of the lives of
ordinary Jews in the contemporary United
States. The generation gap between the
progressive "cafet^a*Jew#' atjd Sfe ok
more tradiUcm-boujfraliy tdS»5h
effectively depict
The noveletta describes the love of Neil
Klugman and Brenda PatimJaru Lift-like and
extremely credible, they are challenged by
social divisions, family disapproval, suspicion,
sexual uncertainty and physical separation.
The five short stories also do not
disappoint, dealing once again with the everyday reality of Jews in a
variety of situations. One relates the experiences of three recent
recruits into the US army during world war TJ, and their attempts to
return to the comforts of home. Another introduces the sexual
relationships and infidelities among two suburban families. "The
Conversion of the Jews" is a hilarious narration of a boy who
threatens suicide by jumping off a building unless his mother and a
rabbi declare their allegiance to Christ
The predominant theme is the clash and desire to mediate
between mainstream American culture and Jewish traditions. Love is
an illusive concept that connects all the stories, and uncertainty reigns
supreme throughout the stories. Poignancy and vivid description draw
the reader inextricably into the web of themes and characters. All the
stories contain elements of humor and are well-balanced in terms of
personal appeal.
The genius of Goodbye, Columbus, however, lies in its
accessability and interest to readers of all cultural or religious
backgrounds who appreciate quality fiction. This writer found
empathy with the coundess dilemmas, joys and sorrows painted by
Roth. The insights into the human condition enjoy universal application, and one feels the reading experience has proved worthwhile.
How does the noveletta end? Does tragedy triumph over felicity?
To what does the title refer? Nothing is black or white, as you may
find out for yourself.
Black History]
in ihe concourse
art exhibit and book display
main concourse 21-25 February 10am-5pm
guestspeaker
Leeroy James Campbell
director of Friends International and publisher/editor
of Hempfest Times Monthly Newsletter
topic: the plight of young black men In north amerlca
room 215   25 February   noon
video screening
Week iff
artists featured:
Winslow Delaney, Kathleen
Dick, David George, Jerusalem
3. Kidanu, Kirk Moses,
EmmanuelTanka,Sulih Williams.
books provided in part by
Tansettee Kinadom.
Home Feeling: Struggle for a
Community
".. .tr»tllmprovkdesapowertut\^wofaccrT¥Tiunlty
that, contrary to Its popular Image, Is vvoridng towards a
more positive future.'
room 215   25 February   12:45 pm
For rnor* Information call Larry at 731-7660
acknowledgements:
Basic Inquiry, CiTR, Global
Development Centre, The
Ubyssey
organizers:
Black History Month Organizing Committee UBC (interim)
by Jason Hoyden
On the festive day for the
affectionate, I met Steven George thfe*;
newest member in the "Swer¥jr::¥::    0
quartet" Quite detached fror&the not-
so-memorable barbershop antics that
our elders may have appreciated,
Swervedriver, as described by Steven,
is a relatively fresh band seeking
memorable travelling experiences
while displaying their God-given
talents on-stage.
MUSIC
Swervedriver
w/ Therapy?
Someplace
14 February 1994
Plagued with a history of transient
membership and stories of defecting
drummers, the band may be past due
for the Swervin' glue stick to work.
Officially inducted into musical
showdom in 1989, Swervedriver
released their debut album Raise in
early 1991. Rough and gritty like debut
albums are and often should be, Raise
was the prototype, a learning experience that could be improved during
successive recording sessions.
Post release: touring spanned the
continents with added emphasis based
within the North-American continent.
Touring may have seasoned the
Swervedriver membership, enhancing
the production of Mescal Head, the
newest compilation to date. American
influences acknowledged, and a
credible producer named Alan
Moulder to oversee productions,
Swervdriver have graduated to the next
level. Mescal Head is an aggressive
studio production. The rough and gritty
sound of late has been re-texturized...
400 grit works real well too.
Steven describes Swervedriver as
a feeling band, "a band that has a
am
musical soul." Qualities like this are
necessary for the creative sounds that
were explored during the Swervy set
Mid-show, memorable songs like
"Duress," saturated with cascading
guitar rifts, unorthodox tempo shifts,
and raw energy fueled ten and a half
minutes of sedative trance.
Swervedriver have been improperly
dealt the notoriety of driving their
never-ending rhythms into the ground.
A misleading perspective. Lengthy
live versions enabled the band to
develop each song to its fullest
capacity. There is nothing wrong with
a ten minute song. Maybe critics are
just too damned accustomed with the
time restrictions imposed by recording
executives.
I made a point to observe the
general attitude and receptiveness
being displayed by the listening
audience. Point to be made: it is
difficult to mosh to traditional
"shoegazer" sound. I guess
Swervedriver's fans can be considered
shoegazers with obvious North-
American influence. Generally, this
type of music lacks the quick tempos
and driving rhythms that generate slam
temperament
An obvious dissapointment for
some who bumped and bruised during
the Therapy? set Different strokes...
folks! In lieu, it was an enjoyable
change in pace. Psychedelic lighting,
gyrating guitar rifts, the accent riddled
lyrics by singer/guitar player Adam
Franklin... sometimes it can be just
as enjoyable to close your eyes and
sway to the sound. After a lengthy set
and several encore appearances, the
night came to a lazy end.
Satisfied? ... Yup!
the ubyssey
page 8
22 February 1994

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