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The Ubyssey Sep 16, 1977

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Array Faculty pres slams McGeer
By MIKE BOCKING
Education minister Pat McGeer
should stop trying to run B.C.
universities from Victoria or be
replaced, UBC faculty association
president Richard Roydhouse said
Thursday.
"If he continues to chart his
present course there will be conflict until the minister is either
reformed or replaced," Roydhouse
said.
Roydhouse was responding  to
proposed amendments to the
Universities Act which would
prevent B.C. faculty associations
from becoming certified unions
protected by the B.C. Labor Code.
But Roydhouse said "the certification of unions is not the issue
and never was. What does concern
us is the tinkering with the
Universities Act without any
consultations with the universities."
"If he is allowed to amend the
Act this time, there is nothing to
stop him from changing the Act
unilaterally in the future," he said.
McGeer met with Roydhouse and
representatives of other faculty
associations Wednesday.
At the meeting McGeer said no
one asked for the legislation and as
soonas anyonewants it changed he
will change it.
"I am totally astonished with the
shell game of the Universities
Act." said Roydhouse. "It is really
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LX, No. 3
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1977
a practical joke by the minister."
Roydhouse said McGeer told him
he was very responsive to the
university community's wishes
and that he operates on signals
from them.
"You've got a very clear signal
from us," Roydhouse said. But our
statement "had as much impact as
warm ice cream."
"I got the impression they
(McGeer and deputy minister
Walter Hardwick) think academic
unions are a luxury in times of
restraint.
"I don't believe in unions personally," said Roydhouse "and I
like the way the faculty association
is run now. If I proposed certification for ITBC I would be out as
president."
But Simon Fraser University is
still discussing certification and
See page :i: FACULTY
"^"■^5^
ROYDHOUSE . . . criticizes McGeer
'Education quality
hurt by cutbacks'
••■ *#%
—doug field photo
HANGING ON FOR DEAR LIFE, would-be mountaineer realizes
error of forgetting climbing boots and ice pick. Friend suggests
footwear would be more suitable for dance club than SUB
scalers. No falls were reported but clubs day continues Friday.
By BILL TIELEMAN
Education cutbacks have
seriously eroded the quality of
education in the arts faculty,
student board of governors representative Moe Sihota said Thursday.
He blamed increased class sizes
and cutbacks in the number of
faculty, staff and teaching
assistants this year.
"If the current funding trend
continues in two years it won't be
worth taking an arts degree," said
Sihota.
Sihota fe preparing a report on
education cutbacks at UBC this
year for the Alma Mater Society.
"The faculty that appears to
have really got it is arts."
Arts has asked for a budget increase of $265,000 for new
professors and equipment next
year just to maintain this year's
level of education, said Sihota.
"They're not even talking about
improving it."
Sihota's report shows that first
year arts students have been
hardest hit by the cutbacks, with
many class sections and discussion
groups dropped.
Fifteen sections of English 100,
six sections of English composition
workshops for students with
literacy problems, nine sections of
philosophy 100, nine sections of
anthropology/sociology 100, and 11
sections of economics 100 are
among many sections cut back this
year, the report says.
"Every time one section is cut
class sizes increase. You erode the
quality of education," said Sihota.
Arts 1 was severely hit, with a
total budget cutback of 27 per cent.
This resulted in the arts 1 night
section being dropped and teaching
aids cut back 30 per cent.
Sihota  said some departments
got budget increases that were too
small to meet the cost of this year's
faculty pay increase. One way of
dealing with this was to lay off
secretaries and clerical workers in
these departments.
For example, staff were cut back
in the theatre and music departments this year, the report says.
This means slower service for
students in getting marks back and
obtaining material for courses,
Sihota said.
Non-replacement of professors
who are on leave of absence or
have retired is another method
departments have used to trim
budgets this year, he said.
"Provision for replacing
professors on leave is being
drastically cut back in all
departments. This means the
profs' workloads increase or
sections are cut back."
Funds to replace absent
professors have been cut back 41
per cent in the music department,
and 17 per cent in the theatre
department.  There  were   also
similar cutbacks in the political
science and Slavonic studies
departments.
TA cutbacks have also seriously
hurt the level of education in arts,
Sihot. said.
TA budgets were cut back 22 per
cent in history, 26 per cent in
philosophy, nine per cent in
Hispanic and Italian studies and
seven per cent in geography.
Several third- and fourth-year
courses in many arts departments
have not been offered this year
because of cutbacks, the report
shows.      -
Sihota said the philosophy,
political science, Asian studies,
Hispanic and Italian studies and
Slavonic studies departments were
hit hard.
"If you'rein Slavonic studies you
might as well withdraw," Sihota
said. He said there is no question
the sections and courses were
dropped because of cutbacks.
"When it's three or four cuts, it's
cutbacks, not because of low
enrolment."
Money mystery
solved — almost
ByLENMacKAVE
and VERNE McDONALD
The more than $15,000 entered
against deputy education minister
Walter Hardwick's name in UBC's
budget figures for the past two
years has been found — more or
less.
In a statement Thursday administration president Doug
Kenny said "the allocations .. . are
simply   part   of   the   geography
Clubs clamor for new members
By VICKI BOOTH
Students would rather do the fox
trot than get involved in politics on
campus, according to a Ubyssey
clubs day survey taken Thursday.
Five hundred people joined the
UBC dance club, while the three
main political clubs on campus —
the New Democratic club, the
Young Socialists and the Liberal
club — gained only 50, 22 and 20
new members respectively.
Thursday was the first of two
clubs days in SUB. All groups on
campus are given an opportunity
to make their existence known and
attract new members by setting up
booths in SUB.
The dance club was by far the
most successful. Jim Fraser of the
dance club said that with the 500
new members, the club's membership is nearing 1,000.
Other popular clubs were the
UBC ski club, which had signed up
approximately 100 new members,
and the varsity outdoors club,
which drew about 75 new members.
Photosoc attracted 250 people
and Mussoc gained 100 new
members.
Spokesmen for the clubs had
different views about the purpose
of clubs day.
Most of the social clubs rely
heavily on clubs day for attracting
new members.
"The success of clubs day either
makes or breaks the dance club,"
Fraser said. "Clubs day enables us
to get money to provide services
for our members," he said.
Thesports clubs said clubs day is
not so crucial for getting new
members.
"We don't rely entirely on clubs
day for attracting new members."
said Graham Underhill of the
varsity outdoors club.
"A lot of people are just involved
in the kind of activities we offer,"
he said.
The religious clubs said they
were not concerned with attracting
membership.
"To attract members is not the
main purpose of our club," said
Justin Marpole, of the UBC
Christian Science club, "we just
want to make people aware that
we're here." he said.
The pre-dental and pre-medical
clubs both said they hoped the
location of their booths on the main
floor of SUB, rather than upstairs,
would make a difference to their
membership.
"It's nice to have a small club
like ours in a large booth down
here." said Margaret Peters of the
pre-dental club. "We hope our
membership will go up."
Fveryone interviewed said clubs
day was a good idea.
department's operating funds. The
department and the dean's office
dtermine how the money is used, or
if it is used at all."
When contacted after Kenny
released his statement, however,
neither geography head robert
Smith nor arts dean Robert Will
knewhowthe money was used, if it
was used at all.
Smith said the money was the
geography department's contribution to the salary the administration was paying Hardwick
before he was hired by education
minister Pat McGeer's office in
January. 1976.
Smith said the money may have
been used to pay a visiting
professor who was hired to fulfill
Hardwock's duties but he donesn't
know for sure.
"Thedean is my budget officer."
he said. "He's the person you
should really talk to."
But when The Ubyssey contacted
Will Thursday, he was unable to
account for the funds either.
"We don't tie a tag on every
nickel and dime. The money may
have been used to hire extra
people," he said. "I don't know
where it went."
Will labelled Thursday's article
on the mystery money as
"mischievous and misinformed."
"To say that over $15,000 was
'lost in transit'. . . that's absurd." Page 2
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, September 16, 1977
Tween classes
TODAY
SOUTHEAST ASIA GROUP
Professor R. Pearson on prehistory of
southeast Asia, noon, anthro museum
215.
CITR
The  history of  the rock group Yes,
5:30 p.m.,  on CITR 650 AAA or 89.5
cable FM
LUTHERAN STUDENT MOVEMENT
Late    night    concert,     10:30    p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
ASSOCIATION OF TEACHING
ASSISTANTS
General meeting, noon, grad centre
committee room.
Hot flashes
Porter shines
The advent of solar energy might
keep the sun shining on the British
Empire for longer than expected.
Sir George Porter, director of the
Royal Institution of Great Britain,
will lecture on solar energy and its
implications Saturday.
The lecture, called Life Under
the Sun: the Past and Future of
Solar Energy, will take place at
8:15 p.m. in IRC 2. It is the first
lecture of the 1977—78 Vancouver
Institute lectures.
MONDAY
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Lunch rally, noon, SUB 237A.
TUESDAY
UBC LIBERALS
Len Marchand, federal  minister  of
small business, speaks, noon, SUB 212
CANOE CLUB
Meeting for all new members to plan
first trip, noon, SUB 215
CHARISMATIC CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Weekly meeting, noon, SUB 205.
UBCKARATE CLUB
Self defence for women, 7:30 p.m.,
winter sports centre gym E.
THURSDAY
UBC WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
First open  meeting for all, 5 p.m.,
SUB 130.
CHARISMATIC CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Bernice    Gerard,    Vancouver    city
alderwoman, speaks to dessert party,
7:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
BLACK & LEE
TUX SHOP
NOW AT
1110 Seymour St.
688-2481
UNIVERSITY
TEXT BOOKS
NON FICTION PAPERBACKS
NEW & USED
BETTER BUY BOOKS
4393 West 10th
Open 11-7:30
224-4144
Big or Small Jobs
ALSO 6ARAGES
BASEMENTS
& YARDS
732-9898
CLEAN-UP
The C at and The Fiddle
Bookshop Lid
4529 W. 10th Avenue   224-1121
"Books forand about Children
Creative
Styling
Style It Right
See what the proper
styling can do for
your   hair.
APPOINTMENT
SERVICE
731-4191
Fall Courses in
READING, WRITING,
VOCABULARY AND
STUDY SKILLS
The University of British Columbia Reading, Writing, and
Study Skills Centre is offering a number of non-credit
courses in reading, writing, vocabulary and study skills
development commencing the week of October 1, 1977.
Classes last for 7 to 10 weeks and meet in Mechanical
Engineering Annex A.
For registration information call 228-2181, loc. 245.
Pre-registration is required for all classes.
TOP QUALITY SOUND COMPONENTS
AT SUPER LOW PRICES
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raisiSEisusia/ssiarajsiHS/^u^asiasi^i^rse/^iHisiei
giagcaiaidddd|
1 Candia Taverna jtif
& SPECIALIZING IN *
228-9512 "TpSS"™  228-9513
GREEK CUISINE
& PIZZA
FAST FREE DELIVERY - 4510 W. 10th Ave.
r8far^r^r^f^f^r^r^r^r=Jr^r^r^r^r=J?=Tfap^
All Women Welcome
to the first
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
MEETING
Thursday, September 22 5:00 p.m.
Women's Office-Room 130-S.U.B.
CLUBS' DAY
TODAY
in SUB
Come and Talk To
or Join the Club
Of Your Choice
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines. 1 day SI 50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial - 3 lines,, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50a AdditipnaMays $2.25 and 45c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deddlinu is 11 -30 a m, the day before publication
Publications Office. Room 241. S U.B., UBC, Van., B C V6T UVS
5 — Coming Events
30-Jobs
GAGE MINIVERSITY EVENING RECREATIONAL COURSES open to Vanier, Totem and Gage residents.
1. Bridge 2. Karate 3. Backgammon
4. Macrame (Beginners) 5. Photography 7. Taxation 7. Weaving 8. Improvisation Dance 9. Self-Defence for
Women 10. Iyengar Yoga 11. Belly
Dancing 12. Shiatsu Acupressure
(Acupressure Massage). Enroll at
Cage Main Desk (Sept. 19 to Sept.
28). Courses start Oct. 3—$8.00 or less
per course.
FRATERNITY   BETA   THETA   PI.    For
information    call   Gord   Brown,   224-
4956,  or visit 2140 Wesbrook Cres.
11 — For Sale — Private
ORGANICALLY GROWN unsprayed
Okanagan fruit in season. .25c per
pound by the case. Free delivery.
733-8828 or 733-1677 eves.
'49 GTO CONVERT. Excellent condition.
P.S., P.D., radials, snows. $2000. Days
687-0555,  eves.   922-8148.
THE   LAW   BOARD   REVIEW   CENTRE
is    seeking   a   Regional   Director   to
assist   in   the   operation   of  its  LSAT
review course in the Vancouver area.
Applicants should have a background
in business, law or related area and
be    available    on    a    part-time    basis
November through February.  To  arrange  for  a  personal  interview  during the first week of October please
write to the:
LAW  BOARD   REVIEW  CENTRE
3020 W. 3rd Ave.
Vancouver, B..C. V6K  INI
This  is  an  excellent  opportunity  for
substantial part-time income.
15 — Found
ASSISTANT MANAGER, Young Alumni
Club to work bar/door, Thurs. and
and Friday eves.  228-3313.	
35 - Lost
ONE SILVER CROSS PEN inscribed W.
C. Hardman near/in Math Building.
Reward  $10.   224-2530  Wendy.
65 — Scandals
SUBFILMS presents "Swashbuckler"
this weekend Thurs. and Sun. 7:00
p.m. Friday and Saturday 7;00 p.m.
and 9:30 p.m. Only   75c.
20 — Housing
80 — Tutoring
FURNISHED SLEEPING ROOM. Non-
smoker male student preferred. Near
all facilities. Telephone 224-9319 after
6:00 p.m.
85 — Typing
25 — Instruction
FALL    POTTERY   CLASSES   AT
PEGS   PLACE   POTTERY
2780 Alrha
Starting  September  27
Day   of   Registration—Sat.,   Sept.   17
10:00   a.m. - 5:00  p.m.
Morning  or  Evening  Classes
Phone   738-2912
CLASSICAL     GUITAR     INSTRUCTION.
Beginner to advanced level.  733-4634.
TEACHER OF PIANO AND THEORY.
Excellent tuition for all grades and
ages. Prep, for Royal Cons, exams
and festivals. 682-7D91.
PIANO LESSONS by experienced
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of Mufic. Both beginners and advanced   students   welcome.   731-0601.
EXCELLENT TYPING. Reasonable
rates. Call 731-1807, 12 noon to 9 p.m.
90 — Wanted
SPEAKEASY, campus crisis and information centre, needs VOLUNTEERS
2-3 hours per week; training Sept.
24-25. Applications, until Sept. 21
SUB   100B.
=dp=i,=nsn=iF=i'i=ii=ii=iisii=i;
USE
UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIED
TO SELL - BUY
INFORM
ir=ir=ir=ir=Jr=ir=Jr=Ji=ip=Jp=3(=] Friday, September 16, 1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page 3
Bookstore prices rise again
Prices are up again at the UBC
bookstore and students have no
choice but to pay the extra cost.
Bookstore manager John
Hedgecock Wednesday blamed
inflation for average price increases of nine per cent for books
this year.
The bookstore owned and run
by the university, has made substantial profits almost every year,
according to its annual financial
statements.
Prices grow,
head picked
in food area
Food prices are up again this
year, although not as much as
predicted earlier.
SUB dietician Gwen Nelles
blamed increases labor and food
costs for the 8.8 per cent average
increase. In January, then food
services head Robert Bailey said
prices would increase by about 10
per cent.
In a random sample Thursday,
The Ubyssey discovered the
following increases. Figures for
September, 1976 are given in
brackets.
Coffee: 25 cents (20 cents),
french fries 50 cents (40 cents),
beef dip: $1 (75 cents), submarine
sandwich: $1.10 ($1), ice cream
cone: 35 cents (30 cents) and a
milkshake: 65 cents (60 cents.)
In addition to increasing food
prices during the summer, food
services acquired a new head
replacing Bailey who resigned !-
March.
Christine Samson, former food
services director at McGill
University in Montreal, will start
her new job next week.
The food services committee,
comprised of student, faculty and
staff representatives, picked
Samson from about 40 applicants.
"She was the best qualified
candidate in terms of what food
services needed at this time,"
committee chairman Byron
Hender said Thursday.
"I think she'll be alright."
Nelles said the SUB pizza parlor
has been closed permanently
because of financial problems. The
costs of running the parlor were
heavy and it was not popular
enough to make a profit.
However, the snack bar hopes to
begin serving pizza evenings in the
near future, Nelles said.
Beginning Sept. 26, the snack bar
will remain open until 9:30 p.m.
each night although the cafeteria
will be closed earlier.
in
Last September, UBC administration president Doug
Kenny promised an investigation
of a $108,000 profit made in 1975.
A month later Kenny reported
that profits made at the bookstore
were not made on textbooks but on
stationary and calculators. He also
said profits were going towards
proposed construction of a new
bookstore.
The   administration's   proposal
would use profits from student
purchases to provide the initial
capital cost of the new building.
The administration has not made
any proposals for the design or
construction commencement date
of the new bookstore.
And the president's committee
on bookstore policy has not made
any proposals for a construction
date, last year's chairman R.V.
Kubicek said Thursday.
The adminstration has not even
decided on a site for the new
bookstore UBC vice-president
Chuck Connaghan, in charge of
campus land-use, said Thursday.
But Kubicek said the president's
committee has made a recommendation for the new bookstore
site to the administration.
In a report in May a UBC senate
ad hoc committee on the bookstore
rejected a proposal to finance the
bookstore in the same manner as
the libraries and computer centre
on the grounds that it would not be
able to obtain financial allocations
from UBC.
Student board of governors
representative Moe Sihota said
Thursday the president's committee is supposed to be examining
bookstore expansion but is
currently doing nothing.
LAYING TILES on sides of UBC's new covered pool, workers may
be only ones to see inside of giant structure for some time. Pool
fund raisers still need $400,000 to complete $5 million puddle,
financed partly by students.
Faculty presidents blast amendments
From page 1
the University of Victoria faculty
association has voted 60 per cent in
favor of holding a vote on certification.
"The last thing McGeer wants is
an academic union, and is trying to
nip them in the bud," said
Roydhouse.
Roydhouse said the minister has
two conceptions of unions; faculty
associations such as the one at
ITBC and unions protected by the
B.C. Labor Code.
The amendments are meant to
force SFU and UVic to choose the
"association model."
The   Canadian   Association   of
University Teachers sent McGeer
a telegram opposing Bill 91,
Tuesday.
CAUT said at that time they
would take the issue to the International   Labor   Organization.
In reply to the telegram McGeer
said he would amend the Act if any
faculty association decides they
want certification.
"So why bother in the first
place," said Roydhouse.
"If the intent of this legislation,
which is unclear to us, is to run the
universities from his office, then
the universities will be at odds with
the minister until he leaves," he
said.
The faculty association will meet
Sept. 22 to discuss the issue and
Roydhouse said there will be a
motion coming out of the meeting
"showing how we feel in this
matter."
Roydhouse said the first time
McGeer consulted with them about
the bill was two hours before it was
presented to the legislature for
second reading. The bill is now
before the house.
Meanwhile, at SFU, administration president Pauline
Jewett has issued a statement
deploring the government's action.
"I am angry there has been no
consultation    with    university
U council loan c'tee plans changes
Canadian University Press
A meeting of representatives of
B.C.'s three public universities and
the Universities Council of B.C.'s
ad hoc committee on tuition and
student aid Wednesday was
"productive," according to SFU
representative Ross Powell.
He said the students put forward
their position and recommendations but the committee did
not accept all aspects of their
position.
But the committee did make
three important steps, he said.
"They made recommendations
which showed recognition that the
current independence criteria are
adequate and they're recommending criteria which are more
realistic."
Proposed changes include
considering a student to be
dependent on his parents if he fits
into one of three categories:
1. He or she was living at home
during the previous year; or?
2. was declared a dependent on his
or her parents' income tax
returns: or
3. received more than a sum of
money equivalent to the cost of
tuition.
Powell sees a problem in the first
condition.
"If you were living at home a
year ago you would probably be
considered a dependent even
though you're now actually independent," he said.
He said the committee also
recognized that part-time students
should be eligible for assistance.
The committee proposed the
following breakdown for aid:
Percentage
of full
course load
Percentage
of maximum
aid granted
xn plus
40
20'
100
75
50
25
That means students currently
taking nine units and qualifying for
aid will only be eligible for 75 per
cent of the maximum loan. In
order to qualify for the maximum
ban students will have to enrol in
12 units.
"That's crazy." Powell said.
"They're      disenfranchising
students whom they presently
recognize as being eligible."
Powell said he recommended the
committee drop the right side of
the column down one line.
"They said they would consider
it," he said.
The other major breakthrough
was in proposed changes to the
appeal procedure. The change
would disallow anyone who had
handled the student's original
application, such as financial aid
officers and government officials,
from being involved in the appeal
case.
"They said the appeals committee should make decisions and
should be made up of students and
public only." he said. "They want
an independent committee."
.!.>-* *>jk!k.
».!• ■£,'«
. ',£■ tt^Si
presidents or the faculty
associations of the three public
universities," she said. "I regard
such government interference as a
direct threat to university
autonomy."
SFU faculty president Marilyn
Gates, who attended the meeting
with McGeer before the second
reading, quoted him as saying that
he could "read the tenor of campuses" and that consultation on
this issue was necessary.
"It is clear this m inister wants to
be in a position of running the
universities from his office," Gates
said. "McGeer said we could go
ahead and unionize and take the
lunch bucket route.
"But he implied that certification was against the
preservation of university
autonomy and that unions were
incompatible with public accountability.
"In other words he is saying that
the working man is not working in
the public interests."
"McGeer admitted the
possibility of amending the bill if
the faculties decided to certify but
the Universities Act would then
have to be changed."
"It is presently protecting us and
we don't know how much it might
be amended."
The three faculties are planning
to hit back with a big media
campaign. Information sheets will
be going to the press and general
support will be sought.
"We are hoping to see the administrations come out in support
of us." Gates said. Page 4
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, September 16, 1977
Bill 91
Cleaning up
Bill 91—a "cleaning up" bill.
instead of cleaning up legislation, this bill appears to
be cleaning up some Social Credit campaign promises
and education minister Pat McGeer's fondest wishes.
One section of this bill, union-busting amendments to
B.C.'s progressive Labor Code, were lamely withdrawn
in the face of anger from organized labor and other
groups. The move follows the government's strategic
withdrawal on plans to disolve unions representing
faculty at Notre Dame University in Nelson and employees of the Vancouver Resources Boards.
But two amendments to the Universities Act removing
faculty associations from the Labor Code and limiting
student representation on university governing bodies to
full-time students, are still part of Bill 91 and still on the
order paper.
Both amendments are under attack from the groups
concerned, and with good reason.
Banning faculty associations from forming unions is
clearly part of the Socreds' strategy of eating away
slowly at the right to organize, a strategy disigned to
appease the fanatical anti-union wing of the Social
Credit party. As mentioned above, previous moves in
this direction have met strong counterattacks from a
wary labor movement.
McGeer, a member on leave of the UBC faculty,
perhaps believed that his fellow profs wouldn't stoop to
forming a union. But the UBC faculty association,
despite resisting a move two years ago to form a union,
is so angry with the amendment they are asking
McGeer, in effect, to shape up or ship out.   -
Faculty members at B.C.'s three public universities
are moving toward unions, mainly out of a concern that
cutbacks and declining enrolments threaten their high
salaries and job security. The Socreds, by moving now,
are trying to grease the wheels for further cutbacks by
crippling faculty associations' bargaining power. But
whether or not they are making too much money as
some people believe, they are entitled to organize.
And then there's the amendment which would allow
only full-time students onto university senates and
boards of governors. Holding down such a position while
taking a full course load would be difficult indeed. Most
student politicians are not full-time students because
they could not represent students effectively with a full
load.
McGeer has gone on record as being against students
being involved in the running of their universities. Could
this be the first step toward attainment of this goal ?
Such an amendment would prevent another Rick
Murray retaining a student seat on the board after
ceasing to be a student, but if that was the intent of Bill
91, it would be like chasing a gnat with a grenade.
These two amendments, when stacked up with other
recent legislation affecting education, are very
ominous. They will pave the way to making the
education minister czar of universities and community
colleges.
When contemplating the amendments, it is difficult
not to compare them to the ill-fated Labor Code change.
One hopes they will meet a similar end.
<k
Km**      »Ttf\:  fctLt*^ fcOQZfc    STft\*6     IfMtWHCNT
*»/n
Letters,
please
Want to get something off
your chest and onto this
page? We are looking for
letters and opinion pieces.
If we do not get some
letters soon, we will be
forced to assume that all
23,000 of you are pleased
with The Ubyssey, or all
asleep. Letters and opinion
pieces should be typed,
double-spaced and interesting. Drop them onto
the editor's desk in SUB
241K. Deadline for the next
each day's paper is noon the
day before.
Lets hear from you.
We're having enough fun
filling the news pages, let
alone pages four and five on
our own.
THE UBYSSEY
SEPTEMBER  16,   1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
It was kinky sex night at the printers and no one could satisfy their randy appetites. "All
right boys, get it up," shouted Kathy Ford to the exhausted David Morton and Matt King.
Marcus Gee looked longingly at a little Greek moussaka that was just waiting to be eaten.
Doug Field left early with two ladies of the evening and Bill Tieleman's car shook with the
moans and groans oi Paisley Woodward, Bruce Baugh and untold others. Geof Wheelwright
took candid photos of Verne McDonald in his trench coat while Mike Bocking and Len
MacKave looked for pickups in a sleazy, unmentionable bar. Chris Gainor tried to pick
himself up but couldn't. Merrilee Robson, Will Wheeler, Dave Fraser and Maureen Kirk
bride tried to duplicate a famous Page Friday cover but Gray Kyles and John Lekich
threatened to sell naughty postcards of the event to kinky little Ralph Maurer. Paul Wilson
thought he'd seen everything until he saw the obscene performance Mike Bocking and
Verne McDonald put on in The Ubyssey club booth. Vicki Booth, Mike Skinner, Don Chang
and Heather Conn avoided the orgy but Sitvana Di Giacomo and Maureen Curtis searched
for able bodies like those of Glen Schaefer and Bob Krieger. Tom Barnes was a good sport,
.according to Lloyanne Hurd and Lee Coulter. Everyone should be up for newswriting
seminar at noon today. Bring your whips.
PO   NOT    Ope.^
TILL    DOoMSDfty
xmuiiiii
R*CW Friday, September 16, 1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page 5
Canada — a foreigner's view
By GENRIKAS ZIMANAS
During the recent crisis of Confederation,
Canadians have been asking themselves
what their country is all about. This piece,
written by Genrikas Zimanas for New
Times, the Soviet weekly of world affairs,
provides a fresh and provocative view of
Canada. Not everyone wil agree with this
view, but we believe this piece will provide
food for thought.	
That Canada is sparsely populated may be
seen even from the air.
In the prairies, for instance, houses are
few and far between, all around are blue
lakes, rich brown plains and, closer to the
seaboard, green forests. Only one-third of
the country's territory is developed, and this
applies not only to the Far North.
I have been to a farm with about 80 hectares of land, mostly wooded. It was really
more shrubland than woodland, for few
trees grew among the dense thickets. The
farmer cultivates only ten hectares.
"Why don't you do something about it?" I
asked him.
Costs money
"Something about what?" he parried.
"Clear some land to let the sun in so the
trees will grow and you'll have timber and
even a hunting ground. This way most of
your land is lying idle."
The farmer looked away as though to
convey that he could not take me seriously.
"All that costs money and plenty of it," he
said after a pause. "Where am I to get it? In
time the expenses will probably pay for
themselves, but I haven't the money how
and nowhere to borrow it."
Hater learned that there is a great deal of
land in Canada that its owners do not farm.
Much of it could produce rich harvests, but
the country apparently has enough as it is,
and no one wants to make investments if
they take a long time to yield returns.
Yet millions of people in the world are
suffering from lack of food, and hundreds of
thounsands are starving to death every
year. But, then, such is the law of
capitalism.
It is not easy to get a clear idea of
Canada's state system. It is surprising how
such a relatively young country has
managed to accumulate so many of the
trappings of past ages.
It has essentially no constitution. There
are many acts of various kinds, chief among
them being the British North America Act of
1867, which is sometimes called the
Canadian constitution.
Prerogatives
Portraits of the British queen- are to be
seen in all government offices, her profile
adorns Canadian banknotes, and huge
portraits hang in provincial parliaments.
Yet the queen actually wields no power in
Canada. She is represented there by the
governor-general.
Formally, he holds this post by "royal
command." Actually, he is appointed for a
five-year term by the Canadian prime
minister. At the opening of Parliament, the
governor-general reads the speech from the
throne written for him by the prime
minister. And there his "prerogatives" end.
Many procedures are borrowed from
Britain. But whereas there they are
tradition-haloed, in Canada these English
ceremonies, the medieval robes of the
speakers, their maces which are
ceremonially brought into the hall, the
governor-general's plumed headdress and
other things look odd and amusing and at the
same time give food for thought.
Many years ago, in London, I saw the king
riding to the city in a gilded carriage. On
reaching the city, he handed his sword to the
lord mayor. I watched this cermony with a
smile.
"You needn't laugh," a friend of mine
said. "These occasions are a godsend for
pickpockets."
I did not quite get the point.
"You see," he explained, "the gilded
carrriage and all this pageantry arrests the
attention. People ogle the monarch and the
pickpockets have an easy time."
I recalled this when I watched the
Canadian speaker, wearing a robe and a
three-cornered hat, come to the session hall
behind the macebearer. Such "traditions"
are also a sort of a gilded carriage. They
divert people's attention from the true role
of    the    legislative    assemblies    and
parliaments, from their calss functions.
Though of ourse many Canadians are well
aware of it.
What Canadians are really touchy about is
their nationality. On being introduced,
people of ten add: "I'm an Anglo-Canadian."
Others say they are French-Canadians. Still
others wiltTnention that they are English,
French, German, Jewish, Lithuanian or
Japanese. Only once did I hear a man call
himself a "Canadian-Canadian." It was so
unusual that I expressed surprise.
"My mother's an Indian and I'm not sure
what my father was," he explained with a
smile. "You see, I never saw him."
Three nations
Generally speaking, Canadians all stress
that they have a second nationality.
Travelling about the country, I often
wondered whether there was such a thing as
a single Canadian nation. The official view
is that there is. One also feels that efforts
are being made to strengthen its national
consciousness in every possible way.
On a knoll in front of the houses of
parliament in Ottawa I saw an interesting
monument: a stone fountain with a flame
bursting forth from the jet, so artfully done
that the flame seems to be spurting from the
water. The stone bears the names of all ten
Canadian provinces and two territories. The
inscription says the fountain was built in
1967, to mark the centenary of the British
North America Act.
Yet Canada is the offspring of three states
and three nations. Her founding fathers
were the French. They were the first to
colonize her expanses and build towns, but
they could not hold her. In Quebec, tourists
are shown the citadel and told how, in the
latter half of the 18th century, the French
were defeated in the decisive battle there
and lost Canada. They fought valiantly but
the English won the final battle.
Canada remained for rather a long time
under British rule and the traditions there
are mostly British. This is manifested also
in the externals. The buildings of the
provincial parliaments remind one of the
British Parliament. But today the influence
of Canada's mighty neighbor, the United
States, is making itself felt more and more.
The Americans hold 100 per cent of the
shares in Canada's industries located on the
territory of another country. The Canadian
"look" has been given them to exempt them
from duties and taxes, as well as in order to
use Canadian manpower which is somewhat
cheaper than the American.
The picture is about the same in other
industries.
The struggle against American monopoly
domination and against the big local trusts (
in practice this amounts to the same thing)
unites working people of different
nationalities, but it is social issues that
prevent the formation of a truly single
Canadian nation.
One major obstacle is language.
There are nations that speak more than
one language. In Belgium, for instance,
French or Flemish are spoken. In Switzerland, four — German, Italian, French or
one of the three Raeto-Romance dialects.
But in Belgium almost eveyone speaks
French and in Switzerland many know two
languages.
No obstacle
Language is thus no obstacle to the formation in Canada of a single nation, but this
process still awaits its consummation.
"Canada is a society rather than a nation," I
read somewhere.
Indeed, there is no single language spoken
by all Canadians. Twenty per cent of the
population know only French, 67 per cent
only English, and only 12 per cent know
both. Moreover, 1.3 per cent of the
population know neither English nor
French.
At first glance the problem would seem to
be simple to solve: let the 20 per cent of the
Canadians who speak only French learn
English. Actually, however, things are
much more complicated. The 20 per cent
who consider themselves French do not
want to learn English. There are also those
who know English but refuse to speak it."
It seemed to me that the whole essence of
the "battle of languages" was contained in
those last few words. It is not only, and
perahaps not so much, a matter of language
as of social conditions. The Anglo-Canadians
are not only more numerous, they are also
richer and control all the key economic
levers. The French above all oppose
discrimination on language grounds. The
per capita income among the French-
Canadians is still considerably below that
among the Anglo-Canadians.
The French-Canadians' struggle has deep
roots. Two communities emerged in
Canada, each with its own culture. And new
immigrants continued to pour in from all
over Europe, adding to the "melting pot."
According to statistics, 45 per cent of the
population are Anglo-Canadians, 30 per cent
are French-Canadians, and the rest are
immigrants from other countries.
Canada has several climatic zones.
Grapes grow in the south, while in the north
the climate is similar to that of Siberia. In
Saskatchewan Province, for instance, the
climate is quite rigorous, winter crops
cannot be grown, and only spring crops are
sown.
Nevertheless, Canada produces a lot of
grain, much more than she consumes; the
output in 1976 was 43 million tons, and that
with a population of 23 million. Since per
capita consumption is around a toir a year,
Canada can sell about 20 million tons. It is
estmated that every farm worker feeds
forty people.
Cities work
Listening to the accounts of Canada's
achievements in agriculture, I often wondered what made them possible, what could
we learn from the Canadians. I believe the
answer briefly is this — in Canada the cities
work to a large extent for agriculture,
providing it, more perhaps than in any other
country, with all it needs.
It was interesting to learn that Canada has
something akin to machine and tractor
stations. They are not exactly like the ones
we had in our country in the past, but the
idea is the same. Machines are too expensive for the average farmer to acquire.
A combine harvester, for instance, costs
quite a bit, but it is used only a few weeks a
year. And so there are companies that buy
machines and hire operators who move
northward with their combines as the grain
ripens. The machine thus works several
months instead of weeks and pays for itself
much metter.
Expert advice
The company charges less than it would
cost the farmer otherwise. The work is done
well and strictly on schedule, and so farmers readily use the company's services. If
a farmer has the necessary manpower and
finds it a more paying propostion to work
himself or with the help of this family, he
can hire only the machine.
A farmer can also get expert advice on the
use of fertiizers and does not have to analyze
thecompostion of soil himself. The company
will do it for him. It keeps cartograms of his
soil and supplies the necessary fertiliers. If
the farmer so wishes, the company will also
provide fertilizer machines. In my opinion,
this division of labor is a good thing
because it makes the farmer's work more
productive.
I visited one of the farms together with
professor Rennie of the University of
Saskatchewan. An eminent pedologist, he
told me many interesting things about the
different kinds of soil in the province. He
sopke english, but often used Russian words
like chernozem, podzol and solonchak.
Canadian problems are complex and
numerous. One thing, however, is clear:
only efforts according with the interests and
aspirations of the working people of Canada
— that vast, rich and beautiful country —
will be successful and earn the gratitude of
the future generations.
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THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, September 16, 1977
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THE FINEST FOR LESS
Mi PAGE FRIDAY
Vancouver 1967   •    Ten years after
For our first issue, Page Friday travels back through time 10 years to
1967 and the summer of love in Vancouver.
On PF 2 is a roundup of the major events of 1967 and a look at the
controversy surrounding the suspension of eight political science
professors at SFU in 1969.
The Georgia Straight is the subject of a feature on PF 3, and on PF 4
we pay a visit to Fourth Avenue as it was when it was the centre of the
counter culture in Vancouver.
The local music scene of 1967 is reviewed on PF 5, and on PF 6 we look
at the town fool, Tom Campbell . . . er, that is, at the Town Fool and at
Tom Campbell.
The counter culture is examined on PF 7, while the progress (or lack
of it) in the Vancouver theatre scene over the last 10 years is assessed on
PF 9. - .
To close, on PF 11 the revolutionary drug scene of the late 1960s is
chronicled.
(Oh - and if you want to read the map on the cover, we suggest you
use a magnifying glass.) ' fi *j&&8*mvmu*m>er '67^3
1967— Pinnacle of decade
By PAISLEY WOODWARD
1967 was a lot different than 1977.
A war was being fought in Vietnam. It was Canada's 100th birthday. Mini skirts were in. The
Beatles produced their Sergeant.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
album. Tom Campbell was the
mayor of Vancouver. And if there's
any year that is considered the
pinnacle of the 1960s, it's 1967. So
what happened in that year.
Well, for one thing there was
Montreal's Expo '67 — the international exhibition and world
fair which was Canada's five-
month-long 100th birthday party.
Expo  enjoyed   the  greatest   box
office success for a fair of its kind
fin thetime that it was open) ever:
over 50 million people attended. It
was during Expo that the late
French president Charles de
Gaulle cried out "Vive le Quebec
Libre" in a speech in Montreal.
The next day Prime Minister
Pearson's office issued a
statement condemning de Gaulle's
words. Immediately afterward, de
Gaulle cancelled a visit with
Pearson and left the country.
All  throughout Canada  in  1967
centennial        projects and
celebrations were under way. One
highly publicized centennial stunt
involved   a   teenage   boy   roller
skating 2,500 miles across the
country from Vancouver to
Montreal to join the world's fair.
In Vancouver, 32,000 people
jammed Empire Stadium on July 1
for a "Happy Birthday, Canada!"
salute and festivities, while an
additional 5,000 were turned away
at the doors.
Also in Vancouver, Mayor Tom
Campbell described the two 60-foot
centennial towers that were built in
front of the courthouse against his
wishes as "$32,000 worth of junk"
and "the joke of the century."
Yet for the world outside of
Canada, life was not as merry as
the Expo celebrations were inside
Profs persecuted
By DAVE FRASER
College campuses across North
America erupted during the sixties
as unrest, disillusionment, and
confrontation shaped relations
between students and administration.
In the U.S. campuses like
Berkeley and Kent State resembled war ravaged zones where the
victims on both sides suffered
physical and psychological
anguish.
In Canada, as always, the
situation was not as severe or
intense but we were not without our
turmoil and conflict either. What
happened at Simon Fraser
University in the late 1%0's, was
the nearest we Vancouverites
came to the campus revolution.
The controversy at SFU centred
around the PSA (Political Science,
Sociology, anthropology)
Department and its supporers
versus     the     university     ad-
establish  strong  central   control.
In July, 1969 Strand and Sullivan
made their move against the PSA
Department by placing it under the
control of a board of trustees. In
doing so they refused to recognize
Mordecai Briemberg as chairman
of the department even though
Briemberg had been duly elected
by the PSA faculty.
Hi is action on the part of administration touched off an era of
unrest at SFU which has lasted
well into the seventies.
In September 1969 the Student
Society endorsed demands made
by the PSA Department. These
included: an end to the trusteeship,
recognition of the elected PSA
chairman-and acceptance by the
university of all recommendations
made by the PSA Department
Tenure Committee.
When Strand refused even to
negotiate, the entire PSA depart-
PROTEST AT SFU . . . turbulence in accidentia
ministration. Basically the source
of the conflict was a cumbersome
attempt on the part of the administration (President Kenneth
Strand and Arts Dean Dale
Sullivan) to destroy the fledgling
PSA Department which happened
to advocate student and faculty
equality in decision making.
The adminstration was uneasy
about anyone on campus (particularly students and left wing
faculty) having authority in such
matters as the granting of enture
and curriculum change. Of course
the fact that the PSA Department
was riddled with professors of the
"free-thinking radical" type was
only further evidence of the need to
ment (students and faculty) voted
700 to 36 to go on strike. By the end
of September other student unions
■— history, economics, commerce
— voted to support the strike.
On October 3, Dr. Strand felt the
need to exhibit a further show of
strength and consequently
suspended eight PSA faculty
members who, he claimed, were in
violation of their contracts with the
university since they had not
taught any classes since September 24.
In yet another bid to consolidate
his position Strand applied to the
B.C. Supreme Court and received
an  injunction   which   outlawed
picketing on campus. At that point
the strength of the PSA Department was seriously undermined
and in November the Joint Strike
Assembly decided to terminate the
strike.
A prolonged battle ensured in
which the 8 suspensions were investigated by various committees.
All these committees were
unanimous in finding that the
suspensions were unwarranted and
should therefore be lifted.
Dr. Strand, however, only reinstated three of the professors and
then he allowed their contracts to
expire. The remaining five were
fired outright. As a result of
Strand's actions the Canadian
Association of University Teachers
(CAUT) imposeda censure on SFU-
in June 1971. The censure
proclaimed That academic
freedom did not exist at SFU and
that all CAUT supporters should
boycott the university. Numerous
other academic associations
supported CAUT's censure.
O'er five years later, under the
more enlightened administration
of Pauline Jewett, SFU finally
dropped all charges against the
fired PSA faculty members. In
May 1977 CAUT formally terminated its censure of SFU and an
era of campus unrest came to an
end.
None of the exonerated
professors ever worked at SFU
again. Today they are spread all
over North America and Britain.
Dr. John Leggett currently teaches
at Rutgers University in New
Jersey; Dr. David Potter is a full
professor at England's Open
University where he is involved in
teaching through the medium of
television; Prudence Wheeldon is a
dean at Trent University in Ontario; Mordecai Briemberg continues to live in the Vancouver
area, teaches at Douglas College;
and does trade union research;
Kathleen Aberle has also remained
in Vancouver and has been involved in research with the Asian
Studies Department at UBC; when
last heard of, Dr. Nathan Popkin
was teaching at Brandon
University in Manitoba; Saghir
Ahmad died accidentally in 1971.
Despite the so called
"resolution" of the PSA 8 controversy symbolized by CAUT's
removal of its censure, no one
seems to have emerged as a clear
cut winner in the dispute. None of
theprofessors was ever re-instated
and SFI' still suffers from the
blackballing imposed on it.
All was not lost, though, as each
side learned a great deal from the
other throughout the conflict. After
all, that's what the turmoil and
pain of the 1960s was all about.
it. Biafraseceeded from Nigeria as
an independent republic, and a
bitter, bloody war ensued. China
exploded its first hydrogen bomb.
TheArabs and Israelis fought each
other in the six-day war. What
resulted was the Israeli occupation
of territory in Jordan, Syria and
Egypt, as well as the permanent
establishment of the Soviet Union
as a power in the Middle East.
And in Vietnam, with more
American troops killed there
during 1967 than in the preceding
five years, neither peace nor a
military victory seemed close at
hand. While anti-war demonstrations and the fear of intervention by China made the
Johnson administration unwilling
to increase the number of bombings to the amount needed to
attaina military victory, the White
House refused to negotiate a peace
treaty because Hanoi insisted that
peace negotiations had to be
preceded by a cessation of all
United States offensives and a
complete withdrawal of all
American troops.
Inside the U.S. in 1967, dissent,
civil   disobedience   and   even
violence were becoming increasingly more widespread. Not
only were there numerous occasions when anti-war protestors
were arrested (for example at one
point 260 demonstrators including
poet Allen Ginsberg and child
psychologist Dr. Benjamin Spock
were arrested all in one day during
a march through New York), but
severe race riots in the black
districts of many large American
cities caused President Johnson to
establish a government commission on racial disorders.
Theworld in 1967 however is also
memorable for events that did not
tell a tale of disaster or of hardship. 1967 was the year of the
"summer of love" in North
America, of the 17-year-old Twiggy
in England and of the first successful human heart transplant in
South Africa. With the unanimous
adoption by the United Nations of a
declaration of women's rights, it
was a milestone year for the
women's movement.
In fact, it was a milestone year in
many respects, for its variety, its
novelty, and for its openness to
change.
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685-5434
r
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MATURE - some coarse
language. B.C. Dir.
12:30, 2:25,
4:30, 6:15,
8:10, 10:05
SUN. 2:25,
4:30, 6:15,
8:10, 10:05
odEON
881  GRANVILLE
682-7468
MOONSHINE
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JOHN SAXON
MATURE - warning,
occasional violence, "B.C.Dir.
SHOWS AT  12:25, 2:05, 3:55, 5:45,
7:40, 9:30.
SUNDAY 2:05, 3:55, 5:45, 7:40, 9:30
CORONET 1
SSI  GRANVILLE
685-6821
MARTY FELDMAN
ANN-MARGARET, MICHAEL YORK
GENERAL
SHOWS'AT 12:25, 2:10,
4:11), 6:10, 8:05, 10:10
SUNDAY 2:10, 4:10,
6:10, 8:05, 10:10
CORONET 2
891   GRANVILLE
689-6826
GREGORY PECK as
General
IDougjasj
MATURE - warning, occasional
violence.   B.C. Dir.
SHOWS AT 7:15-9:30
DAItk
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876-2747
A terrifically intelligent, witty comedy.
ALAN TANNER'S Vincent Canby N. Y. Times
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V MATURE-SHOWS AT 7:30-9:30
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224-7252
Page Friday, 2
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, September  16,   1977 \vancouver '671
Straight survives decade
By MERRILEE ROBSON
Back in the good old days of 1969 when I
was taking my first journalism course in
high school, my friend and I decided to set
up a debate between the principal and Dan
McLeod, then editor of the Georgia Straight.
Life in New Westminster Secondary was not
all that exciting and in order to have a
newspaper it was necessary to create your
own news. We thought a debate on the
purpose of a high school newspaper sounded
like a newsworthy item.
That scheme was doomed to failure. The
principal thought we were setting him up for
an attack. He was right. The struggle for
various forms of freedom had been going on
for several years but people were still being
harassed because of their long hair. The
Georgia Straight, as Vancouver's one and
only underground newspaper, was seen as a
major force in the struggle for freedom.
The principal, however, did agree to the
debate. We proceeded to phone the Georgia
Straight a number of times. When we
couldn't get in touch with McLeod we
decided to cancel the debate. And on the
appointed afternoon Dan McLeod phoned
the school and asked, "Am I supposed to
come there today?"Oh god, how ironic, we
thought and proceeded to write a scathing
and brilliantly funny story about the whole
affair.
Beginnings
So we had a story, which is all we cared
about.
But a lot of people, including the ones who
worked on it, saw the Georgia Straight in the
same white knight role.
When the paper first began in 1967 the
"hippie' movement had not really reached
Vancouver and the people involved did not
plan for it to become that kind of paper.
"When we conceived of it earlier in the
year most of us had just come out of the
university scene, either at UBC or McGill,
ans we saw it as an alternate press,"
McLeod, now publisher of the Georgia
Stfaight, said in an interview Tuesday.
Some people were interested in the underground newspapers, such as the
Berkeley Barb and the Oracle in San
Francisco, that were starting up in the U.S.
Other people were intrigued by the various
political papers they had seen in France,
still others wanted to go in the direction of
the Manchester Guardian in England. When
the Straight first started publishing, various
people were trying to implement a number
of different ideas in the same paper.
The group, which included Pierre Coupey,
who later became editor of the Capilano
Review, poet Milton Acord and former
Ubyssey staffers John Kelsey and Stan
Persky, collected $75 at one of the
organizational meeting. This money went
toward the $150 needed to print 5,000 copies
of a 12 page paper. Another $50 came from
an ad for the West Coast Review, Simon
Fraser University's literary magazine. The
Haight*Ashbury
rest of the money came from ads from small
shops around the Fourth Avenue area.
The staff then went out and sold the paper
themselves, at 10 cents a copy, thereby
making the "tremendous profit" of $500,
enough to publish another issue.
By the time the Straight published its first
issue on May 5, 1967 Vancouver was undergoing some drastic changes.
The Jefferson Airplane had just been to
UBC, playing at a dance in Brock Hall,
which was then the student union building.
Other influences from the San Francisco
music scene were affecting groups in
Vancouver.
A cluster of counter-culture people
collected around Fourth Avenue, several
coffee houses were set up in the neighborhood and people began flocking to
Vancouver.
"The area became a miniature Haight-
Ashbury," said McLeod. Many residents
and local businessmen became alarmed by
the crowds of people, many of whom had
long hair and dressed in a somewhat unconventional manner.
Some people complained to the police and
as most of the people did not have a job or a
home in Vancouver, they were charged with
vagrancy.
This law is no longer in effect but the
arrests brought about the first sense of
injustice over this issue.
The Straight staff began to go out and
conduct interviews with the people on
Fourth Avenue. Which is when the police
started harassing the reporters. McLeod
said he could not actually recall being
charged with anything but he was put in the
paddy wagon, taken downtown to the police
station and later released.
McLeod said that the whole thing just
"took the Straight and swept it along."
When they tried to stand up for the street
people they were "branded as a hippie
paper."
When the Straight was ready to publish
their second issue two weeks after the first,
their printers (College Printers) informed
them that they would not print it and that if
they had known what was in the first issue
they wouldn't have done that either.
The staff then looked around for a printer
who would produce their paper. They finally
found a small outfit which, because it was
not equipped for so large a production,
charged much more than the first issue had
cost.
be in fa vor of them. The Straight became the
authority on the street scene. Vancouver
Sun and Province reporters would phone the
Straight instead of interviewing any of the
street people.
The Georgia Straight offices were
downtown at the time and most of the action
was going on around Fourth Avenue. But the
Straight still had trouble convincing
reporters that they weren't authorities on
the situation.
"We started getting so bugged by the
whole thing that was going on that we
started hanging up on reporters. Which is
not the thing to do," McLeod said. But,
nevertheless, that was their solution to the
problem for a long time.
By September of 1967 the Eorgia Straight
had increased its circulation to 60,000 and
they had 700 vendors selling on the street. As
these people were now employed thez could
no longer be charged with vagrancy and
forced to leave town. Campbell and other
civic officials became worried because the
The second issue appeared with a diatribe
against the establishment printers who had
rejected the job.
"The most believable reason for not
printing," the story read, "was given by Mel
Stevenson, manager of the Columbian in
New Westminster. He said, 'You know how
people think.'
"Mr. Stevenson, we assume, was
speaking for the minority (46%) of
Canadians, namely the people over 25. If
this is so, then those of you over 25 who do
think, should not let yourselves be insulted
in this way. If a printer is gutless, tell him
so."
No one over 30 was to be trusted and even
people over 25 came in for a beating.
McLeod will be 34 next month and probably
feels differently now. But the Straight's
publicity about their problems caused them
to be associated with the rest of the people
then mayor Tom Campbell was out to get.
McLeod said that at the time both the
Sun and the Province were making a big
issue of drug abuse and running sen-
sationalistic stories on drug-realted
suicides.
Drugs
McLeod agreed that there was a problem
in the drug scene. Many people who weren't
experienced with drugs were taking overdoses or having bum trips. But the problem
was dealt with in a heavyhanded way that
only made things worse.
The Georgia Straight was taking a rather
neutral position on the drug question. Some
of the articles were even slightly biased
against the use of chemical drugs, although
marijuana seemed to be a favorite. The
paper advised doing drugs with an experienced person, if you were going to do
them at all. And, as nearly everyone was
going to, they advised doing it away from
the city.
But anyone who didn't come out strongly
against the use of drugs was considered to
street people could not stay in Vancouver
legally.
They reacted by taking away the
Straight's business license, making it illegal
to publish or distribute the paper. Vendors
could now be busted for selling the Straight.
But as the whole thing seemed such a gross
violation of freedom of the press, and as a lot
of people were getting used to being busted
anyway, most of the vendors continued to
sell the paper.
The police would confiscate any papers
the vendors had but those were usually
returned to the Straight later. So most of
that issue was eventually sold. They got
their license back six weeks later.
The Straight wasn't printing anything that
broke any laws. Their attitude was
generally disrespectful but not actually
libellous or obscene. Campbell's attitude
and the generally conservative atmosphere
in B.C. combined to make the straight "the
most harassed paper in the world."
Other papers probably suffered more
harassment but they eventually closed
because of it, while the Straight survived.
Logos, one Montreal paper was raided
several times while other papers were
forced to close during the time of the War
Measures Act in October, 1970.
Campbell suggested using the Act to close
the Straight but nothing ever came of that.
The paper published an FLQ manifesto and
several RCMP officers moved into the
Anchor hotel across from the Straight office.
But other than that not much happened and
the Straight continued to print material
from Quebec underground papers.
The Straight's problems never got as bad
as those of the Dallas Notes, an American
underground paper. Their editor was shot
"Easy Rider Style" and their office was
burned to the ground.
None of these papers was actually 'underground' in the sense that it was illegal to
read them. The name was mostly symbolic
of the way these papers saw themselves.
Things are different now and the Georgia
Straight seems to be trying to clean up its
act.
For years the Straight was well known for
its classified ad section, which was filled
with ads for massage parlors and sex
related personals. They were worried that
they were going the way of the Berkeley
Barb, in which the only ads are the sex ads
because no one else wants to be associated
with that kind of thing. But those ads
generated a good deal of steady revenue.
They decided to remove those ads and ask
local businessmen and the rest of the
community for their support. The support
JVetc look
for the new, cleaner Georgia straight would
help make up for the lost advertising.
"But it's hard to reverse an image,"
McLeod said. The paper had been regarded
in a certain way and it was impossible to
change that simply by removing some ads.
If they had simply got rid of the sex ads,
some other paper would undoubtedly have
been set up to deal with them and the
Straight would have lost an important
source of funds. The Vancouver Star was
created to fill the need for people who want
to advertise frankly for sexual partners. It
was agreed that the paper would appeal only
to the sex market and would therefore not
compete with the Straight for readers or
advertising.
The people at the Georgia Straight
distribute the Star and the money they make
from that covers their losses from the
removal of the ads.
Money has always been a problem, right
from the collection of money for 4he first
issue. "The paper is constantly pushing its
limits, financially anyway, and in a sense
that's proportional to the quality we're
getting," McLeod. said. "As far as accomplishing long-term goals, we haven't
done that. We're not breaking news all the
time and we don't have a high quality of
journalism all the time — because of money.
If we had the money wex»uld get pretty well
any writer that we wanted, to get the quality
we wanted." McLeod thinks they've done a
lot with the little they've had to work with.
The Georgia Straight was an ambitious
undertaking in 1967 and the fact that it has
survived for ten years says a lot for the
tenacity of the people involved. The paper
doesn't have the defiant energy that
characterized its early issues but they've
made up for that somewhat by learning a
thing or two about layout and news style.
But the paper's duration doesn't mean
that they have been accepted. Whether or
not ttiey publish television schedules seems
National
to have no affect on city council, which is
trying to get the Straight's vending
machines off the street. Both the Sun and
Province have numerous vending machines
but those have been approved by the city.
The Straight's have not and McLeod said
that mayor Jack Volrich has "brought some
of theold spirit of '67 into the city."
The Straight is now making plans for a
national edition, a monthly magazine called
the Georgia Straight Magazine. This will be
in addition to the regular paper.
McLeod anticipates a problem in trying to
publish a national magazine in the west. The
publishers often have problems with
distribution anyway. However, the paper
has become fairly well known over the years
and this should help the magazine.
"It's been really hard to make it here at
home," McLeod said. "It seems like it might
be easier to make it nationally."
Help!
Artists! Writers'. Page Friday wants
you'.!1 Free films, concerts, plays and
hooks, nol to mention a vibranl social life
and new cultural insights may come your
wa>
Page Friday publishes reviews anil in
depth features on the arts, politics,
sociology, philosophy and numerous other
ureas of interest. As well, there is a creative
arts pugc. which features the writing and
art of I'BC students.
If you are interested in this creative endeavour, come to SIB 341K at noon i]2:301
on Tuesday Fame, fortune and (Heebies
await vou.
Friday, September 16, 1977
THE       UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 3 Vancouver
Home was hippie hollow
By MAUREEN KIRKBRIDE
On rare occasions we still hear
about hippies, diggers and flower
children, but the words have
become outmoded. Just exactly
who were the hippies and how did
their subculture evolve in our city?
The true hippies were not
members of the fringe group of
thrill seekers, runaways or deeply
disturbed children often associated
with the hippie culture. The true
hippies prefer society without
authoritarian leadership. Their
beliefs involve a withdrawal from
material values and a stress on
freedom of enjoyment and the
principle of loving concern for
their fellow human beings.
The hippie lifestyle involves a
rejection of the basic rules and
regulations of society. Their aim is
a complete lack of responsibility
and involvement. As such, they are
also pacifists.
They are openly intolerant of
what they regard as the double
standards of our sex-conscious,
alcohol-conscious society. To drop
out of society is their solution.
If one had to choose the most
appropriate philosophy for the
hippie, it would probably be; "You
do your thing, I'll do mine."
Fourth Avenue became the
birthplace of Vancouver's hippie
and drug movement. Generally
speaking, the area surrounding
Fourth could be broken down into
two sections: above Fourth (including Fifth, Sixth and Seventh),
and below Fourth (running from
TTiird to the beach). Above Fourth
was where the problem children
could be found. One area between
Arbutus and Yew on Seventh was
called Chemical Row. As one older
hippie described it, "the crazy ones
live up there, really messed up
people." There, as with some areas
below Fourth, could be found the
committed dropout— out of school,
out of society, and out of their
heads. Drug abuse was prevalent,
for everything from marijuana to
heroin and speed was readily
available.
Cool aid
The drug problem grew so out of
hand that many such youth
agencies as Cool Aid were
established in order to provide a
place for the youngster in trouble
either to sleep it off, to get a
downer, or simply to have a meal.
The Cool Aid house on Seventh
was a crash pad run by a mixture
of people. City regulations allowed
it to sleep only six persons, yet
often as many as 70 were counted.
It also fed more than 100 people a
day on whatever volunteer food
and labor were available.
However, its facilities and
resources were too meagre to
significantly alleviate problems of
runaways, dropouts and bad trips.
Fourth Avenue grew rapidly and
soon became known as "Hippie
Hollow" or "The Village." The
Psychedelic Shop, like the store of
the same name in San Francisco's
Haight-Asbury district was
something of a hippie landmark. It
was a licensed bookstore and a
major supply house for the hippie,
selling everything from lapel
buttons, belts and sandals to huge
photographs of Rudolph Valentino,
Greta Garbo and Groucho Marx.
Just up the street you could get
tickets for the dance and light show
at the Afterthought coffee house.
Across the street was the Phase
Four coffee house while up a few
blocks was the Horizon bookstore,
specializing in avant-garde poetry
and the underground press group
of newspapers — the Berkeley
Barb, the Los Angeles Free Press
and the San Francisco Oracle.
These businesses formed a
nucleus for one of the more visible
facets of Vancouver's growing
hippie culture. The low-rent
housing district between Broadway and First in Kitsilano had
attracted hundreds of young people
who, in withdrawing from the
"hypocrisy of the Establishment,"
banded together to form a culture
of their own. There were many
people here searching for meaning
and a few who had become lost
along the way.
Conflict
Fourth Avenue became the
source of much conflict. The Kitsilano Ratepayer's Association
formed the bulwark of the opposition. They felt that many
customers did not like the appearance of the long-haired, oddly-
dressed hippies and were finding
other places to shop. As a result,
business was declining. Meanwhile, the hippies had formed their
own business organization, the
Fourth Street Business
Association, aimed at community
development and improved
relations with the "straight"
world.
Of course, the permanent
inhabitants of Kitsilano did not
take kindly either to this sudden
influx of newcomers. They accused
the hippies of "monopolizing sidewalks, of being filthy and dirty-
talking, picking all the flowers in
sight and becoming abusive when
refused handouts." The citizens
also claimed hippies were "taking
over the beaches and terrorizing
other citizens." One can only
conclude after hearing such
reports that they are blown quite
out of proportion. They also
criticized the loose morals of the
hippies and their communal way of
life.
There were numerous complaints that the majority of hippies
were doing nothing and living off
welfare, but on investigation, this
report proved to be false. Very few
of the 3,000 or so hippies living
about Fourth were drawing
welfare, although many were
eligible to do so.
Though most citizens disliked the
hippies, they could do nothing
about it as most of the hippies'
offending habits were not illegal.
They could merely wait in peace
and hope it was a bad dream. Wait
they did, but certainly not in peace.
In 1967, public opinion on the
hippies was widely divided. It
takes only a glance at the
newspapers of that era to establish
this fact.
Crusaders
Alderman Sweeney believed
hippies to be peaceful oddballs,
with few living on welfare. "It
seems to be more of a social
problem than a problem of law
enforcement."
Highways Minister Phil
Gaglardi, on the other hand, said
society should not allow hippies to
freeload. "Hippies come into our
cities and make a mockery of our
way of life. I don't hate a hippie,
but I don't like him to walk down
the street shaking his long hair
while living on-my money."
Commissioner Clarence
Wiseman, head of the Salvation
Army in Canada likened hippies to
Middle Age crusaders. "Many of
the people who went on crusades in
the Middle Ages were the same
sort of people as today's hippie.
They are bewildered people
seeking real answers to real
questions."
The majority of citizens,
however, viewed hippies as long-
l4o, -nWTfe fJtfT A
-THAT'S M?rtEl9J80f?'
haired misfits who rejected
traditional society, took drugs
when they could afford them, wore
odd clothes, lived in dirty hovels,
had no ambition and wandered
around with nothing to do.
Thus an atmosphere of constant
tension and animosity marked the
years 1967-1970.
It now becomes obvious that the
root of the problem was a total lack
of communication between the two
groups — the Establishment and
the hippie. Each felt threatened by
signs that the other wanted to
change them, and acted accordingly. When tolerance is absent from any situation, peace can
never exist.
Maybe it is not too late to learn a
lesson from this experience.
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THE OFFICE OF STUDENT SERVICES PONDEROSA ANNEX (F)
Page Friday. 4
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, September  16,  1977 \vancouver
Bands flourish in golden age
By BRUCE BAUGH
In 1967, a vibrant, new culture and a new
music were being born out of the fusion of a
variety of movements in music, and in
lifestyles.
Happenings 10 years' time ago:
Joe Mock, a folk musician on the Vancouver coffee house circuit, traded in his
acoustic guitar for an electric one and forms
a rock group called No Commercial
Potential. Other folk musicians, inspired by
Dylan and the Byrds, did the same.
Around the same time, the Embassy
Ballroom on Davie Street cleared out many
of its tables and chairs, changed its name to
the Retinal Circus and started bringing in
blues acts and underground rock groups
from New York, Los Angeles and San
Francisco.
The Retinal offered music that was new
and seldom heard outside of the major
American cities, in an atmosphere that
placed the emphasis on experiencing the
music rather than on drinking and dancing.
At clubs such as the Retinal, there were
light shows, which used slides, glass dishes
filled with a mixture of oils and food
coloring, films and overhead projectors.
These were projected onto screens behind
the performers.
There were the so-called hippies who
frequented the Retinal, who had rejected
what they considered the phony culture of
ordinary North American society in the late
1960s.
As part of the search for a new integrity,
they sought forms of music where the focus
was on personal expression and experimentation, rather than mass accessibility.
PSYCHEDELIC BAND
The Retinal and clubs like it met the needs
of the new attitudes and music of the young.
And the search for new modes of expression and self-exploration led to the use
. play music of SUBculture
of    "mind-expanding"    drugs:     LSD,
marijuana and hashish.
In 1967 the youth revolution was reaching
its apogee, with thousands of young people
dropping out of straight society and heading
for the area around Vancouver's Fourth
Avenue. The new music, sometimes called
"acid rock" or "psychedelic music," was a
major force in Vancouver's underground
community.
Suddenly, local bands flourished. Groups
began performing original material that
was the result of a mixture of folk, blues and
rock.
More clubs sprang up to provide a venue
for the new sound, and to act as an alternative to the more commercially oriented
night clubs.
The Kitsilano Theatre on Fourth and
Arbutus became the Afterthought. The
Village Bistro came into being on Fourth
Avenue, and right across the street was a
place which, at different times, was called
The Black Swan, The Last Chance Saloon
and The Phase Four.
Later, there was the Daisy on Fir Street
and the Big Mother on Beatty, which is now
the location of B.C. Hydro's Transit Club
and the Vancouver Opera Association.
The underground clubs were basically
halls, with tables and chairs. Some did not
have a liquor license, but dope was more
prevalent than booze in any event.
As part of the search for a new integrity,
they sought forms of music where the focus
was on personal expression and experimentation, rather than mass accessibility.
The Retinal and clubs like it met the needs
of the new attitudes and music of the young.
The halls were dark, as there were light
shows, and the audience would wander
around, or sit and stare, or lie down, or do
whatever felt right.
Joe Mock remembers there being less
separation between the audience and the
band in 1967. Everyone was part of the same
experience and roles were less definite.
Part of it was due to drugs, which "tended
to take down a lot of walls", as Mock put it.
Another factor was that the bands operated
more on the level of street bands, playing to
be part of the scene and playing for friends.
Their aim was not fame and fortune as rock
stars, but personal expression through
music.
The attitudes of rock bands in 1967 toward
their music and toward their audience were
different than they had been previously.
The Mock Duck," which Joe Mock formed
after No Commercial Potential and which
included Rick Enns (also of the united
Empire Loyalists) on bass, Glen Hendrickson on drums and Ross Barrett (later
rf Sunshyne) on sax and piano, in some
ways exemplified the new kind of band.
They played mostly their own music, some
3f which was innovative and experimental.
If the audience dug it, great. If they didn't,
as was sometimes the case, too bad. Mock
recalls playing a hall in the Okanagan
before a bewildered audience, which
couldn't understand the sense of rock music
Friday, September 16, 1977
that they could dance to. The new music
required the audience to listen. It was not
just dance or background music.
Attitudes toward money were different
too. Bands would sometimes rent a hall,
having friends operate the door and occasionally selling beer.
Paul Hovan, one of the promoters who
presented a pantheon of 1967 Vancouver
rock bands at last summer's Trips Festival
'77, said that such operations would be
impractical now. Halls do not pay in today's
standards of income.
But more importantly, attitudes are no
longer the same. Hovan said, "Ten years
ago many musicians didn't look upon it too
much as work. A lot of it was really lifestyle
oriented and looked upon as good times
lifestyle. Now most of the musicians have
paid their dues and realized that it's all
work, that it's all of some value and the way
you make a living.
"The standard of living of a musician is
not very high, compared with the standard
of living of a city of Vancouver, which is a
very expensive city to live in.
' 'You have to take your art fairly seriously
and try to make it pay, whereas at that time
most of us were pretty young, and weren't
too serious really. It wasn't an explicit
career, it was a happening. It was a way of
expressing and sharing with a like culture
that was like unto no other."
Sometimes musicians would go on the
road, receiving no money and bad food or no
food. There were benefits, such as the Cool
Aid benefit of 1969. It was, in the opinion of
many who experienced those years, a very
idealistic time.
Yet, Mock said that even though some
bands lived together communally and
devoted all their energies toward their art,
they still performed as a way to make a
living. They had to eat. Often, little more
was sought than just that.
Vancouver broadcaster J. B. Shane also
looks at 1967 as an idealistic time. "A lot of
people will try to tell you that 1967 was a
childish time, but it wasn't", Shane said.
"A lot of people took that time very
seriously. Anybody who was into music as a
musician back at that time awakened to new
possibilities, and a lot of them explored
them with bands. It was a time for a lot of
musicians to be able to make more contact
with the public.
"There was a certain cameraderie in the
peopleof that era, and to an extent there still
is. Although most people have gone their
different ways, whether they still embrace
some of their old ideas. And make no
mistake about it, there were a lot of ideals
back then.
"I think the most important thing about it
was that there was a rush of energy, going
into different directions. There were new
things to explore. People were more into
discovering themselves, whether they used
drugs or not, and a lot of people did. Most
people who were into that took acid and
starting looking at themselves.
It would be easy to look back on 1967 as
SeePF 10: TRIPS
THE       UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 5 Vancouver 9S7
Campbell memorable mouth
By GRAY KYLES
Few mayors have ever had the
impact on their cities and the
media that Tom Campbell had on
Vancouver in the late 1960s.
Jean Drapeau is an institution in
Montreal, David Crombie of
Toronto is considered a symbol of
"liberalism" and Rod Sykes of
Calgary occasionally attracts
national attention on his prairie,
city.
But besides Drapeau, Campbell
probably drew more press comment than any other mayor in
Canada.
One of Campbell's most
prominent character traits was his
ability to have an opinion on
everything. Although often
uninformed he was always ready
with a statement for the press On
any subject.
For his first two years in office
Campbell concentrated on
bringing Vancouverites the
"progress and prosperity" he had
promised them during his election
campaign.
His greatest effort went into the
great Block 42-52 debate which had
been raging for several years.
Block 42-52 was at the corner of
Georgia and Granville, the prime
cut of commercial property in
Vancouver.
Campbell and his supporters
wanted a "superblock" development that would be the envy of
every major city in North
America. If he couldn't get that he
didn't want anything.
The superblock debate is an
excellent example of Campbell's
remarkable ability to alienate and
annoy everyone. While he
naturally tangled with the opponents of the project he just as
often fought with its supporters.
Several times during the
negotiations between the city
Eaton's, Toronto Dominion and
Cemp Development, Campbell
almost scuttled the proceedings
with his statements to the press.
"I'll believe it when I see it,"
became his response to every
tentative agreement and he constantly criticized all parties involved, including his own
colleagues, for trying to "bamboozle" Vancouverites.
One alderman (from his own
party, the NPA) claimed that
Campbell opposed every
agreement that was announced by
anyonebuthim. The mayor argued
that he simply wanted what was
best for the city.
What Campbell wanted was a
development unique to Vancouver.
What he got was Pacific Centre,
which can be found with little
variation in several other major
cities throughout North America.
TTie mayor's other triumph of his
first term in office was his securing
$100 million from the federal
government to build the new First
Narrows crossing.
"We have the money and the
commitment, all we need do now is
draw up the plans," he told the
Vancouver Sun in June 1967. "The
new crossing will be ready by 1971
for sure"
But Campbell's first term in
office wasn't all politics and high
finance. He began to show that
certain flair and outlandishness
that would mark his later years
and establish him as an inspiration
for the likes of Ed McKitka.
When he attended a Herb Alpert
concert in the Forum in the
summer of '67, for the scandalously high top price of $5.50, he
was offended by the opening acts.
So Mayor Tom led the audience in
a rousing chorus of boos.
Campbell was also instrumental
in barring the Trips Festival from
taking place within the city limits
that summer which meant that the
Richmond Arena played host to the
day-long affair which featured the
Jefferson Airplane and Moby
Grape.
The mayor also supported the
White Spot in its bid to ban "hippies" from its restaurants. Around
fhe same time he proposed himself
as a one-man liquor licence review
board because he couldn't find
anyone else suitable for the job.
By 1968 Campbell had become
known as Tom Terrific and was
receiving regular attention in the
national media. He thought this
was great despite the fact that he
was often presented as a buffoon.
During the summers of 1968 and
1969 several thousand young people
from across Canada and the U.S.
arrived in Vancouver.
While city officials and federal
authorities tried to cope with the
sudden influx of people Campbell
publicly denounced the "dirty,
unwashed hippies."
The mayor, as chairman of the
police commission, authorized the
city police to harass the travellers
and hundreds of drug and
vagrancy busts resulted.
The town fool also came under
attack around this time because he
CAMPBELL . . . will the real town fool please stand up?
NTO?f
was a "parasite on the working
people." Joachim Foikis had
received a small Canada Council
grant and this had enraged Tom.
He gained national media exposure for lis tirades against the
Canada Council, artists, the unemployed and the young. While
many people were amazed by his
outbursts, few took him seriously
and the transients kept coming.
It was in October of 1970 that
Campbell finally displayed his
heavy hand. Few people laughed
this time.
When the Federal Government
enacted the War Measures Act
Campbell suggested to the Vancouver police that they lock up any
"hippies" they found on the street.
He was serious.
Suddenly Tom Terrific was no
longer a joke. The press took him
to task and Pierre Trudeau went on
national television and publicly
warned Campbell that the feds
would not permit such action.
Campbell backed down and
much of the public forget the incident. But his reputation had
finally been tarnished to the point
where he began to seriously consider resigning.
When the mayor eventually did
retire in 1972 a wave of relief swept
over many people. Tenants who
had been completely ignored by
Campbell, the people who were
arrested for performing The
Beard, those who never saw Hair,
the participants in the Four
Seasons Hotel-All Seasons Park
struggle and many more rejoiced
when he finally stepped down.
Vancouverites were in a mood
for change, they were tired of
Campbell's buffoonery and antics.
After witnessing Wacky Bennett's
fall from grace earlier in the year
the mayor wisely stepped down
bringing an end to the NPA's
domination of City Hall.
Since his retirement from
politics Campbell has devoted his
time to his real estate interests and
increasing his millions. But he
seriously considered the Socred
invitation to run against Dave
Barrett in the 1976 Vancouver East
by-election.
He is obviously still interested in
political life and it is conceivable
that in the future he may return to
active participation in government.
But for now he is part of the past
and we can only wonder what it
was that made Campbell so appealing to the Vancouver electorate.
niniinnnnnin
For despite all the criticism he
received Tom Terrific never had a
close election. He was assured of
victory in every campaign he
staged.
Perhaps he was the embodiment
of a certain hick town, redneck
mentality that was prominent in
the city at that time.
Vancouver was rapidly
becoming a big city but its citizens
were still impressed with small
town politicians like Campbell.
They were not yet ready for the
more sophisticated style of an Art
Phillips.
When Phillips did arrive in 1972
things quieted down and the city
experienced four calm, perhaps
even inactive, years. Phillips and
Campbell had many similarities.
They believed in progress, they
were rich and they were both involved in real estate. Yet their
style and approach to civic politics
was completely different.
But after four years of apparent
calm, on the surface at any rate,
Vancouverites again felt the need
for a change. With the election last
year of anti-smut campaigner Jack
Volrich, the spectre of Tom
Campbell looms about again.
Fool favoured fun
By MAUREEN CURTIS
You remember mini-skirts, bell-
bottoms, hippies and long hair,
don't you? Vaguely? But do you
remember when the Town Fool
shocked and entertained the
citizens of Vancouver and put our
city on the map?
During the summer of 1967 the
Town Fool made his first appearance in the Courthouse
Square. He wore the typical court
jester costume in red and blue and
carried the staff of his trade. "Are
you a man or a fool? " he would ask
passersby or ply them with riddles
and rhymes. He claimed to be a
Mother Goose witness. His name
was Joachim Foikis.
In 1967 Foikis was 36. He had
graduated from UBC where he had
studied philosophy and theology,
and was beginning his degree in
Library Science. He had a wife and
two small children. On Valentine's
Day of that year, Foikis had had a
vision, he claimed, wherein he
learned that his calling lay in the
role of the Town Fool.
Like many of his contemporaries,       Foikis       had
discovered that there was
something amiss with the world he
lived in. He was not the first person
to rebel against the evil of man's
escalating needs and his pursuit of
money, but his method was not one
that had been seen for centuries.
"As the ministers are turning
into fools, it is now time for the
fools to minister" he said, sitting
cross-legged on a stone pillar in the
Courthouse Square. He called
himself 'Everyman' and held
himself up as a mirror to society.
In order to continue his
profession full time, Foikis applied
to the city for a $4,000 grant. Even
a fool and his family have to eat.
City council replied that they had
already spent their quota on folly.
Others added that the position of
Town Fool had already been filled
— by Mayor Tom Campbell.
So Foikis registered with Canada
Manpower, classified as a clown.
That winter he began work
clearing trails in Stanley Park, but
was soon able to cut it down to
three days a week when Toronto
Star columnist Richard Needham
began a 'Save the Fool' fund.
Then, on April Fool's Day, 1968,
Joachim Foikis was awarded a
$3,500 Canada Council grant.
Public reaction was fierce.
"Government mad-money"
commented the mayor, who
pointed out that old age pensioners
who had worked all their lives
received only $1,500. Alex Macdonald (NDP Vancouver East)
argued that the grant was an act of
courage. One outraged lawyer
promised to protest the grant and
was challenged by four other
lawyers who were bent on supporting Foikis. Hotel owner Jack
Mangles saw the Town Fool's
worth in the light of the tourist
trade and offered FoDcas another
$4,000. But Foikis refused.
Instead he continued to perform
as the Town Fool, in addition to
speaking at luncheons and appearing at events like the
Kamloops hair snip auction where
many hippie heads were shorn. In
March of the next year he was
charged with creating a disturbance when he led an unruly
tambourine, flute and cymbal band
through the city.
Foikis' purpose was not merely
See PF 9: TOWN
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Page Friday. 6
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, September 16, 1977 Vancouver '67/
Youth revolution bites dust
By DAVID MORTON
Viewed from the perspective of
1977. the student movement and
counter culture of the 1960s is
clearly a decade of paradoxes.
On the one hand there was a
mass paranoia of the omnipresent
"system" and the imperialistic
atrocities being committed by the
United States in Vietnam.
On the other hand, eastern
religions and mysticism became
popular amongst the young and a
large segment of the culture was
dedicated to the achievement of
cosmic consciousness and inner
tranquility.
Whatever the diversity, it is
clear the 1960s were a period of
social upheaval.
What happened in the 1960s was
nothing new. Social history shows a
pattern of oscillation between
stability and instability. No sooner
is a relative stasis achieved, than
along comes a group of radicals
presuming to question the linear
progress of civilization through the
ages.
Tlie youth movement of the 1960s
is the most recent example of this
phenomenon, and it is to this era
that the popular term "Counter
Culture" had been applied.
In his book The Making of a
Counter Culture, Theodore Roszak
outlines the events leading to the
culture's rise to prominence as
well as its major influences.
The most important contributing
factor of the counter culture was
the presence of a larger than usual
population of young people. This
was the result of the large number
of births which occurred nine
months after VJ day.
But the Vietnam War was the
inciting incident, and the events
which came to a force on the
confluence of these two factors
expressed■:: themselves] in   < many
wajiS?  "^   r-";"   " '■'■>'■'■   >■■-<■■■■■■■>:■   '■:;;:-
Rock music form its very
beginnings aggressively
established itself as a phenomenon
belonging exclusively to the young,
for the first time the reality of raw
sexuality was revealed on the
stage and taken out of the die-hard
Victorian closets of the establishment.
With the introduction of the folk
influence on the music, people such
as Bob Dylan began openly
questioning the morals of the
political practices of the system.
Many feel that rock music
reached its peak with the ultimate
fusion of the electric sound and
lyrics ychich proclaimed the power
and unity of the youth generation.
Central to much of the music of
this period was the drug experience. There was almost as
powerful a devotion to the drug-
oriented philosophies of Timothy
I^earyas therewas to rock 'n' roll.
Leary, in his book The Poltics of
Ecstacy, insists that the wide
experimentation with LSD and
marijuana of the time was much
more than a naughty hijinx.
Rather, it was a religious experience which, he claimed was
"the way to groove to the music of
God's great song."
While the drug culture was an
important aspect in shaping the
conscousiness of the counter
culture, it was quickly seen as a
superficial amd harmful influence
on the movement. Roszak takes a
cynical stand on the drug culture in
a chapter which he entitles "The
Counterfeit Infinity."
But strangely enough, the
religious movements of the 1960s
had similar ideas. Largely Eastern
in character, they preached that
the transcendance of the
technological society would bring
about the revelation of the unity of
the universe. Thedualistic basis of
the present society was claimed to
be outdated, and it was time for all
to get on with the business of
achieving  cosmic   consciousness.
The Zen experience of "satori"
was discussed at great length in
Friday, September 16, 1977
the writings of Allen Ginsberg and
Alan Watts. Satori is similar to the
revelation of the oneness of all
things, and offered sanctuary from
the establishment for the more
subuded members of the counter
culture.
The more vocal adherents of the
movement attached themselves to
the raging forum of political
ideologies and this is where the
counterculture gained most of its
publicity.
Groups such as the Students for a
Democratic Society and the
Yippies were behind the anti-war
demonstrations and campus
unrests. Terms such as "sit-ins."
"be-ins," and "love-ins" were the
young's language of protest.
The causes ranged from civil
rights injustices such as the
Vietnam war to demands for more
liberal university courses.
One dissenting university offered
a course titled, "From Comic
Books to the Dance of Shiva:
Spiritual Amnesia and the
Physiology of Self Estrangement."
TTie politics of the Yippies and
SDS were based on the works of
Herbert Marcuse and Norman O.
Brown. These two theorists
brought about the inevitable confrontation between the social
philosophies of Karl Marx and
Sigmund Freud.
The encounter between these two
influential but incompatible minds
necessitated the task of assigning
an order of priorities to the
psychological and social
categories which Freud and Marx
used in the understanding of man
and society.
Neither Marcuse or Brown
completely abandoned one or the
other of these categories. But
Marcuse, through exploration of
both realms, cames out leaning
strongly towards Marxian social
theory.1 He saw Freud as little
more than a footnote attached to
the business-as-usual of politics.
Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin,
leaders of the Youth Internatonal
Party, were both adherents to the
Marcuse band wagon.
Brown, on the other hand, saw
politics as counter-revolutionary.
Leaning in the direction of Freud's
belief in the ascendancy of the
psyche, he believed that "poetry,
art, imagination, the creator spirit
is the very essence of life itself; the
real revolutionary power to change
the world. . ."
The "hippies" and "flower
children" could be said to have
their roots in Brown's work.
What was central to the counter
culture, with the possible exception
of the religious philosophies, was
the element of fun. The children of
the post war generation were
sheltered in the optimism of the
1950s, and were not ready to enter
the establishment when it was
"time."
The counter culture was a
prolongation of the "good times" of
their childhood, and an avoidance
of the job market. In a sense, the
young of the 1960s were a spoiled
generation.
This idea is expressed by Lester
Bangs ( a prominent rock critic ,
that "rock 'n' roll music at its core
is nothing more than a bunch of
raving shit, its utterly hysterical
transience and intrinsic
worthlessness, the not-quite-
paradoxical source of its vitality."
If anything killed the counter
culture, it was the media. While it
could never understand the ideas
of the movement, it saw the youthful dissenters as criminals turning
the tables on them by screaming
about the social crimes they were
committing.
The bad publicity brought about
commercial exploitation of the
counter culture.
. Once radical dress became the
latest fashions, as happened with
the "military look."
Rock  groups  got  rich  off  the
ROSZAK . . . chronicler of a bygone counter culture
young's   obsession   with   their
music.
Looking through the void of what
has become the 1970s, the goal of
the counter culture to change
society seems little more than a
solitary fist thrown at futility. But
it would be naive to say that things
never really changed.
While it is still too early to
properly assess the effects of the
counter culture, there are some
things that have arisen from the
period that are part of the 1970s
consciousness.
The women's movement, which
arose during the 1960s, has done
more to change the structure of
society than any other single
cause.
And surely the election of Jimmy
Carter with his emphasis on
human rights is more than a small
victory for the ideals of the counter
culture.
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Page Friday, 8
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, September  16,   1977 d^w 't
Vancouver 9G7
Local theatre better—maybe
By JOHN LEKICH
Let us return to those thrilling
days of yesteryear when Vancouver was virtually quaking with
theatrical simplicity. Ten years
ago, it was still possible for the
naive westerner to believe certain
things.
I. for instance cherished the
thought of Bruno Gerussi studying
Shakespeare while attempting to
fry pizza on an old hot plate. Pat
McGeer, wearing horn-rimmed
glasses that seemed to be perpetually fogged up with the mist of
sincerity, was a Liberal. All was
right with the world, dramatically
speaking.
These days Bruno, although
commercially cementing his bond
with pizza, prepares sauteed
chicken livers on the CBC. Pat
McGeer, while continuing to wear
horn-rimmed glasses, has switched to a successful road company
currently playing in Victoria. We
appear to be developing a definite
taste.
Vancouverites can now face a
travelling salesman without that
compulsive need to dash for the
shotgun. We will even invite the
fellow in for an excellent glass of
wine, as long as he gives us a free
corkscrew first. The bliss of
ignorance has been replaced by a
strange mixture of sophisticated
realism, which assumes tangible
perfection in the form of a rented
tuxedo. This bizarre phenomena is
most evident in the Vancouver
stage community.
First of all, let's look on the
proverbial bright side. (The mind
of a sophisticated realist has a light
side and a dark side, similar to the
meat on a Christmas turkey.)
Certainly, there can be little
doubt that the local theatre scene
has improved greatly in the last
decade. Such organizations as city-
stage, Westcoast Actors and The
New Play Centre have added
quality and intelligence to our
cultural setting. Tamahnous
Theatre, while sometimes confusing tastelessness with innovation, should definitely be
included here.
One has only to consider the
handful of local companies left
standing from 1967 to realize that
things have changed, often for the
better. The Playhouse and The
Arts Club are beginning to move at
a creatively brisk pace. Our own
Freddy Wood Theatre has been
providing a serious alternative to
heavily commercial properties for
quite some time now. As such, they
are   fulfilling   their  obligation.
For all this, we should gratefully
sacrifice a plumply innocent prop
girl to the almighty Gods.
Still, there seems to be an aura of
small townism left over from the
days when theatre reviews were
stuck next to recipes for quick bake
pineapple cheesecake.
Granted, we have had at least 10
years to marvel at Shaw and
Shakespeare, whose plays have
been dressed up in more ways than
an aging gigolo. Yet we still lean
heavily on Neil Simon and all the
other little Simons.
"What's wrong with that?" you
ask, your voice leaping to the
defence of Barefoot In The Park.
Nothing. Well almost nothing. I
like Barefoot In The Park too. It's
simply that, deep down, we believe
in the theatrical dictum of 1967.
When in doubt, get out the cultural
mop and Simonize. All this boils
down to the fact that people would
ratherpay money to see something
shiny and scuff proof, like Born
Yesterday, than try something
new. Why buy your own tuxedo
when you can rent an old,
dependable one?
If this seems unrealistic, try to
remember the last play you saw by
a Vancouver writer. If you're like
me, it only takes one hand to count
off the Canadian playwrights who
have had their work produced in
this city. No. I don't have three
thumbs.
I'm not suggesting that bad plays
be produced, just because they
happen to carry a Canadian label.
(Anybody who has tasted B.C. wine
can see the absurdity of such an
assumption.) The judgment,
however, should be left up to the
public. They may decide, as they
did a decade ago with George
Ryga's Ecstasy of Rita Joe, that
local writers have something to
say.
A few years ago the Playhouse
decided not to produce another
Ryga play entitled Captives of the
Faceless Drummer. The work
dealt with the FLQ crisis, an explosive and immediate issue. The
Playhouse's message was clear.
We don't handle hot potatoes.
The politics of theatre cancelled
out the theatre of politics. In the
final analysis, it was the public
which lost out.
As always, the press must share
a great deal of the blame for
cultivating a city of sophisticated
realists. Ten years ago, a local
newspaperwoman appeared in a
play, with her local husband. A
fellow   worker,   on   her   local
Toum foolery
From PF fi
to expose the real fool by acting the
fool. He was also the Fool of Joy. "I
never go to church because I live in
heaven," he once said.
Another part of his job as he saw
it lay in prancing into school rooms
and leading the children in dances
or prattling nursery rhymes. He
took pride in reviving the ancient
tradition of the fool. "I believe in
myth." he told The Ubyssey in
March 1968, "and myth is a representation of psychic reality, in its
purer forms."
He explored the realm of folklore
and fairy tale that had been
ignored by adults for centuries but
had continued to delight children.
In '68 he taught a course in fairy
tales for the UBC summer extension program. Since then interest in the enormous wealth of
fairy taleand myth has grown until
last year when the English
department at UBC began to offer
a course in Children's Literature.
In this as in many other things,
Foikis was ahead of his time.
In May 1969 he shocked the city
once again when he purchased two
donkeys,   to   fight   pollution   he
claimed. They were named Peter
and Pan and were let out to the
neighbors to mow lawns in return
for board. They were to be used to
pull a gypsy caravan in which
Foikis one day intended to live with
his family. But to the delight of
neighborhood children the beasts
escaped and were impounded
several times until they were
auctioned off.
At that time Professor Warren
Stevenson of the UBC English
department and Carey Linde,
president of the UBC Law Students
Association, founded SPOOF, an
organization intended to fund
Foikis' foolery.' He had been
refused his request for $4,000 from
the city and had declined to further
his Canada Council grant. By now,
Vancouver was recognized all over
North America as the city with the
Town Fool.
Ten years after Foikis played the
fool his whereabouts are unknown.
Some say he lives on a farm in the
Fraser Valley, others that he died
from a drug overdose.
"The fool doth think he is wise,
hut the wise man knows himself to
bo a fool" (Shakespeare).
VANCOUVER . . . barefoot in the park
newspaper, gave her a rave
review. He even admitted that, gee
whiz, there may be prejudice involved. Cute.
In retrospect, such an incident is
part of a city's artistic growing
pains. Unfortunately, the pains
have not disappeared. The
reviewers in this community still
insist on endowing good work with
a mythical brilliance. This lets the
tuxedo renters spend their money
with an easy conscience. As A. J.
Liebling so adeptly pointed out,
living in a one-paper town has its
problems.
Ijest we forget, there is also a
group of people who ignore critics
— or simply sift out their goop.
They see good plays in this city,
some of them are even Canadian.
They hope for the future and smile
because new theatres are being
built. Sometimes they shake their
heads because others think that if
mummy gets money for shoes, the
baby will automatically tap dance.
Still these people are selflessly
supportive. In spite of many false
starts, the baby seems to enjoy
walking.
V\t« a* ty,
Lutheran Student Movement  ^»
5885 University Blvd. ^,
invites you
o
0)
Friday   10:30 p.m.
Sunday 10:30 a.m.
4:00 p.m.
a free Late Night
Concert with Coffee
Worship at the Centre
Special Service at
Gage Towers
%
7:30 p.m.  Evening Worship ancUg^
Fireside JO
ft 4D a*\\
%\
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
A MOON FOR THE MISBEGOTTEN
By Eugene O'Neill
SEPTEMBER 16-24
(Previews Sept. 14 and 15)
8:00 p.m.
Directed By Stanley Weese
Setting By R. Wilcox
STUDENT SEASON TICKETS - (4 Plays for $8)
AVAILABLE FOR ALL PERFORMANCES
Sept. 14-24 A MOON FOR THE MISBEGOTEN (O'Neill)
Nov. 2-12 MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING (Shakespeare)
Jan. 11-21 DEUS EX MACHINA (a new play)
March 1-11 PURPLE DUST (O'Casey)
BOX OFFICE • FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE • ROOM 207
Support Your Campus Theatre
Friday, September  16,  1977
THE
UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 9 Vancouver 967l
Trips festival recalls era
From PF 5
being . . . not ignorant, it wasn't
that, but it was a very strange
thing, because it was like a
reawakening for some people.
"It was a culture. New Ideas
were being formed, new thoughts
being explored. A lot of people
were plain tired of the old lifestyle
they had been brought up on. They
dropped out, and a lot of them
haven't been back since."
The rebellious ideals of the
counterculture unified the underground community. As Hovan
remembers it, "The police had a
certain attitude, the civic
authorities did, and then there was
the counterculture, which was the
Georgia Straight and the underground musicians, the rock
musicians, because it was underground music at the time.
There was quite a strong community."
The underground rock music
was rich in its diversity. As Shane
explained to Page Friday, "From
San Francisco, the psychedelic
sound, as it's been called by some
people, which comprised of the
early Janis Joplin, Big Brother and
the Holding Company, the early
Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful
Dead, on some of their early stuff.
"Then you have almost nihilistic
musical concepts that were running almost counter to the musical
styles coming out of San Francisco
that came from Los Angeles in the
form of the Doors, with Jim
Morrison.
"Then in New York, a band that
never reached their zenith
anywhere on the west coast until
years later, and that was the
Velvet Underground.
"The Velvet Underground were
a totally nihilistic, almost street
band. While bands out of San
Francisco spoke of peace and love
and brotherhood and getting high
on whatever, the Velvet Underground were taking it and saying,
wait a minute, that's not how it
really is. A lot of people didn't like
them, but they were an energy
force for sure. They played the
Retinal Circus back in 1967."
Which brings us back to Vancouver.
The diversity in music was
evident not only on the airwaves
and in the music of American
bands, but in the local Vancouver
bands themselves.
There were blues-based bands,
such as the Hydroelectric
Streetcar, the Ambleside Blues
Band and the Black Snake Blues
Band. There were bands that were
prima-rily into their own compositions, such as Spring, Mother
Tucker's Yellow Duck, Mock
Duck, and the most famous of the
1967 Vancouver bands, the
Collectors.
Then, on the lighter side, there
were groups such as the Poppy
Family, which were closer to a folk
or pop sound than the more blues
oriented and psychedelic groups.
Many of the Vancouver bands of
1967appeared at the Trips Festival
'67 in the Gardens Auditorium,
along with acts such as the
Grateful Dead and Country Joe
and the Fish.
Last summer, the Commodore
commemorated the tenth anniversary of the first Trips
Festival by holding a Trips
Festival '77, which featured many
of the bands that played in Vancouver during the 1967 era.
The Trips Festival '77 was
organized by promoters Sneek
Snyder, Paul Hovan and musician
Joe Conroy of the Black Snake
Blues Band.
From the North Shore came the
Ambleside Blues Band, Paisley
Rain, the Black Snake Blues Band,
Spring and the Seeds of Time.
Paisley Rain played a variety of
old blues, rock and psychedelia
ranging from Muddy Waters to the
Yardbirds and Country Joe and the
Fish, and featured Al Horowitz and
Lindsay Mithcell, both later with
the Seeds of Time.
The Ambleside Blues Band
played mostly country music,
unlike 10 years before when they
were truly a blues band.
Spring played music spanning
the last 10 years, including a song
guitarist Terry Frewer and bassist
Doug Edwards had written for the
latest Hometown Band album. The
Seeds of Time set also included
songs from their repertoire of the
last 10 years.
From Vancouver, there was the
Mock Duck, the United Empire
Loyalists and Uproar, a later
spinoff of the United Empire
loyalists formed by one of the
Loyalists' lead guitarists, Jeff
Ridley. Brent Titcombe, a folk
musician from the old Bunkhouse
days, also played.
The Mock Duck were authentically psychedelic, using atonal
music, rock and poetry to create
art at a high and rarified level.
Other bands from 1967 planned
for the Trips Festival couldn't
make it. The Hydroelectric
Streetcar and Fireweed were
unable to play as two members of
those groups, Danny McGuinness
and Lee Stevens, were playing
elsewhere with the Cement City
Cowboys, while another former
member, guitarist Danny Tripper,
was playing an engagement in
Calgary.
John King, guitarist for My
Indole Ring, was interested in
playing the festival, but the
group's drummer, Chris Dahl, was
not.
Pappa Bear's Medicine show had
UBC SKI CLUB  *UBC SKI CLUB  *UBC SKI CLUB
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SKIERS!
JOIN THE UBC SKI CLUB
— Cabin at Vyhistler
— Discos, Parties, Broom Ball,
Films, and more.
— An excellent way to make
friends on campus
See us in the SUB Ballroom on
Clubs Day - Sept. 15th - 16th
Ski Club Office - SUB 210 Phone 228-6185
* UBC SKI CLUB *UBC SKI CLUB *UBC SKI CLUB
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been scheduled, but guitarist John
Murray was tied up with another
engagement and vocalist Victor
stayed in Seattle, where his wife
was having a baby. However, Papa
Bear Craig Wood did have a short
cameo performance with Spring
during their set. Valdy, who at one
time played bass in Papa Bear's
Medicine Show, was in Newfoundland and didn't feel like making the
trip west.
Mother Tucker's Yellow Duck
were hard to contact. Tom Northcott (who had a hit from
Donovan's drug-oriented Sunny
Goodge Street) no longer performs. Terry Jacks was unwilling
to reform the Poppy Family with
Susan Jacks.
Ross Turney and Bill Henderson
of Chilliwack felt they couldn't do a
Collectors set, although Turney
and Collector's vocalist Howie
Vickers were both in the audience
at the Trips Festival.
A highlight of the Trips Festival
was the re-creation of the 1967 light
shows, the Addled Chromish and
the Ectoplasmic Assault Light
Show. Max Anderson, creator of
Ectoplasmic in 1967 and now with
Goddamatch Light Flights, put
together the light shows at the 1977
festival. Jeff Lilly of Addled
Chromish was on the road with his
public address system, so Michael
Anderson of Sunfighter Lights
covered for him, digging up slides
from private collections and films
from the National Film Board.
One element absent from the
1977 Trips Festival was the
paranoia that afflicted the underground community in 1967.
As J. B. Shane recalls, "there
was a lot of paranoia back then, as
most of the musicians and
audience alike were into trying the
latest — grass, hash or any manner
of psychedelia. There was always
that fear that "the man" was
around."
1967 saw the beginning of underground FM radio with Tom
Donnahue at KSAN-FM in San
Francisco. CKLG-FM in Vancouver did not begin programming
underground rock music until 1968,
with disc jockey Terry David
Mulligan (now with the CBC's
Great Canadian Goldrush
program), Tim Birge, Cam Scott,
John Ellis and others.
In early 1968, CKLG-FM had an
open house, which Shane
remembers as "one of the most
hilarious incidents in media
history. It was the first, and
probably the last, time that a radio
station had opened its doors to
meet its public on a one-to-one
basis.
"Probably one of the funniest
things I can remember is down
there at about three o'clock in the
afternoon and finding the place
packed with people — lying, sitting, standing. It was a very quiet,
very subdued, very stoned
gathering.
"The highlight was when the
general manager came back from
Victoria and hadn't realized what
was going on and walked right in
the middle of it, looking totally out
of place, but trying to maintain a
certain cool about it."
That then was the music scene in
Vancouver in 1967. A proliferation
of rock bands and rock clubs,
underground radio and a whole
subculture supporting and unified
by the new music.
Light, smooth
Heineken.
Full flavour
satisfaction-for
those times when your
taste demands it
Ifs all a matter of taste.
IMPORTED HEINEKEN -AVAILABLE AT LIQUOR STORES
Represented in Canada by Sainsbury International Agencies Ltd.
Page Friday, 10
THE
UBYSSEY
Friday, September   16,  1977 Vancouver '67
Psychedelia fades away
By VERNE MCDONALD
Without a doubt, one of the most
salient and controversial aspects
of the counterculture in the mid
1960s was drugs. Acid, grass,
"STP", "MDA", and a plethora of
other substances were advocated
as mind-expanding and useful in
increasing awareness of the true
nature of the universe.
Drugs were far more than the
good clean fun that they are now.
The joint and the microdot were
talismans, keys to a brave new
world of love, spiritual well-being,
and civil disobedience. Every toke,
every trip, was a revolutionary
act.
Until that time, marijuana was a
common weed growing in
profusion almost everywhere, but
only used as a euphoric by blacks
and peripatetic Mexican
labourers.
Then came hippies, diggers, and
the Summer of Love, and suddenly
everyone was scouring the country
side for the magical herb. Within a
couple of years, wild marijuana
was gone from the highways and
by-ways, either harvested by the
flower children, or destroyed by
police and boy scouts.
Old narcotics laws were dusted
off, and soon "the heat was on." In
answer to the destruction of
domestic supplies, the counterculture set up one of the most
prolific black markets in history,
importing the pernicious weed first
from Mexico, then Central and
South America, and finally from
Africa and Asia.
LSD, discovered by accident in
1948by a chemist looking for a new
headache remedy, proved to be a
headache inself for the authorities.
Though it remained relatively
unknown for many years, it gained
sudden international prominence
in the early 1960s through the efforts of Dr. Timothy Leary and
Allen Ginsberg.
By the time it was declared
illegal in both Canada and the U.S.
in 1966, underground factories
were already proliferating
rapidly, producing what was undoubtedly the most popular drug of
1967.
At least as important as the
effects of the drugs, however, was
their official illegality. The vogue
was opposition and confrontation
with authority; the use of illicit
drugs automatically made the user
a criminal and a theoretical
fugitive from the police state.
Alas, drugs as a form of social
protest eventually became drugs
as a form of social escape. The last
use of marijuana as a weapon of
confrontation in Vancouver was
the Grasstown smoke-in of 1971,
which became the infamous
Gastown police riot.
CUP OUT AND SAVE!
CINEMAWEST PRESENTS:
SUBFILMSOC FALL 77
SEPT. 15-18
Swashbuckler
SEPT. 19-22
Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother
SEPT. 29-OCT. 2
The Tenant
OCT. 6-9
Lucky Lady
OCT. ^3-16
King Kong
OCT. 20-23
Silent Movie
OCT. 27-30
Family Rot
NOV. 3-6
F is for Fake
NOV. 10-13
Alex and the Gypsy
NOV. 17-20
Seven Percent Solution
NOV. 24-27
To Be Announced
DEC. 1-4
Silver Streak
TIMES: THURS., SUN. - 7:00 P.M.
FRI., SAT. - 7:00 and 9:30 P.M.
Sept. 30—Oct. ]-Emmanuelle II    7:00&9:30
Oct. 14-15-Super Vixens 7:00 & 9:30
in the Old Aud.
CINEMA—16 PRESENTS FOUR SERIES
Tr!E BRITISH HITCHCOCK
INTERNATIONAL
(HIS EARLY FILMS)
Sept. 26
Antonio    Des    Mortes
Sept. 19      The    Farmer's   Wif   -
(Brazil)
Mauxman
Oct. 11
A Ship and a Couple of
Oct. 3         Blackmail
(Tuesday)
Stars (Denmark)
Oct. 17        Rich and Strange
Oct. 24
Grey Gardens (U.S.)
Oct. 31        Number 17
Nov. 7
Chac (Mexico)
Nov. 14       Sabatage
Nov. 21
Simma  Baddha  (India)
Nov. 28        Young and Innocent
Dec. 5
False     Movements
(Germany)
PRE-WAR FRENCH FILM
GREAT LOVERS
Jan. 9          La   Kermess   Heroique
Jan. 16
The Eagle
Jan. 23        Le Million
Jan. 30
Queen Christina
Feb. 6         Pepe Le Moko
Feb. 13
San Francisco
Feb. 22        Le Jour de Leve
Feb. 27
The Garden of Allah
(Wednesday)
Mar. 13
The    Private - Lives   of
Mar. 6         La Regie du Jeu
Elizabeth and Essex
Mar. 20       J'accuse
Mar. 28
Gilda (cancelled)
schedule subject to change
75<
ALL SHOWS IN SUB AUDITORIUM
PLEASE SHOW AMS CARD
ADMISSION BY SERIES PASS ONLY
Tickets available at
Series Tickets:
$5.00 student
$6.00 general public
cheaper when you buy
more than one series
schedule subject to change
DUTHIE'S BOOK STORES: 919 Robson, G70 Seymour, 4560 West Tenth,
AMS Business Office and Filmsoc Office, Room 247 in SUB
Friday, September  16,  1977
THE
UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 11 This is the semester to get your
programmable.
TheTI-57.
Its self-teaching
system gets you
programming
fast.
(Ttaking Tracks
10 Programming
Tl Programmable 57. The powerful
superslide rule calculator you can program
right from the keyboard. Comes with an easy-
to-follow, self-teaching learning guide —over
200 pages of step-by-step instructions and examples. Quickly learn the value of making repetitive calculations at the touch of a key.
Recall entire instruction sequences. Display
intermediate results at any point in a calculation. Eight multi-use memories provide addressable locations to store and recall data. Program memory
stores up to 150 keystrokes (50 program steps). Editing too:
Singlestep. Backstep. Insert or delete at
any point in a program. Also a powerful $tf"\tf"^QS*
slide rule calculator with logs, trig func- ^^W^^W
tions and advanced statistics routines. -^ -^
The TI-58 and TI-59 combine three major innovations to bring the power of programming to
you —even if you've never programmed before:
1. Extraordinarily powerful -at remarkable low prices.
2. Revolutionary plug-in modules put complex formulas to work
at the touch of a key.
3. Step-by-step learning guide that takes you from the basics of
programming through advanced programmings— language you
can understand.
Tl Programmable 58.up to 480 program
steps, or up to 60 memories. Master Library
module contains 25 prewritten programs in
math, engineering, statistics and finance. Also
increases number of steps-up to 5000. Library
programs may also be addressed from the keyboard or inserted as subroutines. Can also be
used with Tl's new
PC-100A printer/plot- $-^ yi^VQ^*
Proy*nrring
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than the TI-58. Up to
Magnetic cards store
ter.  It lets you plot,
print headings and prompt —messages.
Tl Programmable 59. More powerfu
960 program steps or up to 100 memories,
up to 960 steps. And, record and protect   custom   programs.  Also   10  user     Jjj
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Optional Libraries.   Applied Statistics, Surveying, Real
Estate/Finance, Aviation, Marine Navigation. $45.00* each.
369
95
The TI 58 and 59.
Both use
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When you buy a TI Programmable 58
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Leisure Library.
As45.00 value if you act now.
Football Predictor. Forecast score, point spread. Bowling
Scorekeeper. Track 90 bowlers. Golf Handicapper. Update handicap from latest round's score. Bridge. Computes
points from tricks made and bid. U.S. Chess Federation
Rankings. Wins, losses, draws. Codebreaker. 3,024 possible codes make this a unique challenge. Blackjack. Acey
Ducey. Craps. Mars Lander. Pilot to a safe landing. Jive
Turkey. Guess mystery number—tells you if you're high
or low-but is it jiving you? Nim. Play the machine, each
time it gets better. Sea Battle. 15 missiles to sink sub.
Quarterback. Call plays. Photo 1. Compensate for change
in photo enlargement magnification. Photo II: Fill-in-flash.
Computes correct lens f-stop in strong ambient light. Use
it with a PC-100A and have even more fun. Computer Art.
Hangman. Put in a word, second player guesses or hangs.
Memo Pad. Write, enter messages. Print and record them
on 59's mag card. Use the card to replay the message.
Biorythm. Plots all three cycles.
UnuaUbMtij
Leisure Library comes
with: Plug.in module.
Library manual. Quick
reference guide. Label
cards. Library wallet.
n
Offer good from August 15 to October 31, 1977. Here's
what you do. Fill out this coupon. Return it to Tl with your
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the serial number. Important. Your envelope must be
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Leisure Library Offer
P.O. Box 545, Richmond Hill. Ont. L4C 5G4
Name  	
Address	
City 	
Province	
_ Postal Code
Tl 58 or 59 Serial Number
(from back of calculator).
l_
Texas Instruments reserves the right to substitute software libraries of equal value based on availability.
Please allow 30 days for delivery. Offer void where prohibited by law. Good in Canada only.
"Suggested retail price.
,01977 Texas Instruments Incorporated
Texas Instruments
INCORPORATED
Page Friday. 12
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, September  16,  1977 Friday, September 16, 1977
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 19
AMS teacher evaluation form needs rewrite
Teacher-course evaluation
questionnaires distributed in about
75 classrooms last spring are not
adequate, external affairs offieer
Paul Sandhu said Thursday.
He said the questionnaire,
designed by Alma Mater Society's
teaching and academic standards
committee, does not apply to all
faculties,  and has  no questions
covering labs, teaching assistants
or classes with more than one
teather.
TASC   is   reforming   and   will
design a new set of questions based
University court closes
Students nabbed on the
University Endowment Lands for
drunken driving will have to go to
Richmond Provincial court rather
than University court.
The reason? After 50 years of
fines and lectures, the UBC
provincial courthouse closed
Monday.
"It's a matter of dollars and
cents," said Sgt. Al Hutchinson of
Hk ^rH^^W^^ ^K wU '*■ .... - ,v
the university RCMP detachment.
He said that because the court
was only held half a day each
week, it was uneconomical to keep
the building and employ staff.
Court officials agreed that Richmond could handle the slight increase that would result from
moving UEL cases to that court.
The decision was made by the
general's office after regional
manager Hugh Gaffney recommended this action and after
consultation with MLAs and local
RCMP.
Judge Jack McGivern, who
administered the university court
said he accepted the decision but
that the public was entitled to ask
questions.
on informa tion received from other
universities in Canada and the U.S.
The new form will take one of
two styles.
TASC will either develop one
questionnaire with questions
designed for each department or
use a piggy-back system and include a core group of questions
applicable to all departments,
adding or deleting questions for
each faculty.
Students will complete
questionnaries for 1.5 unit courses
in November and for three unit
courses in February to ensure that
all courses are included.
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THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
WOMEN'S
ATHLETICS
Sports offered and team try-out dates: 1977-78:
Badminton
Thursday, Sept. 15th
6:30 p.m.          Gym A
Basketball
Monday, Sept. 26th
4:30 p.m.          Memorial Gym
Bowling
Sunday, Oct. 2
t.b.a.          S.U.B. lanes
Curling
Wednesday, Sept. 14th
5:00 p.m.          Winter Sports Centre
Fencing
Monday, September 19th
7:30 p.m.          Gym E
Field Hockey
Thursday, Sept. 15th
12:30 p.m.          McGregor Field
Golf
t.b.a.
Gymnastics
Tuesday, Sept. 20th
3:30 p.m.          Gym G
Ice Hockey
Rowing
t.b.a.
Saturday, Sept. 10
9:00 a.m.          Vancouver Rowing Club
Sailing
t.b.a.
Skiing
Tuesday, Sept. 14th
5:30 p.m.          Gym E
Soccer
Thursday, Sept. 15th
12:30 p.m.          P.E. Centre Field
Squash
Thursday, Sept. 15th
12:30 p.m.          Winter Sports Centre
Swimming &
Diving
Tuesday, Sept. 13th
4:30 p.m.          Room 211, War Memorial
Tennis
Tuesday, Sept. 20th
4:30 p.m.          Thunderbird Park Courts
Track & Field
Tuesday, Sept. 20th
5:00 p.m.          Armoury
Volleyball
Monday, Sept. 19th
7:30 p.m.          Memorial Gym
All  women students are  eligible and welcome. Get
into    shape    and   participate —    to be part
of the Spirit of "77.
Information: Room 208,    Memorial    Gym,
228-2295. Page 20
Our Big Sale
Continues
&.-
While stocks
last
THE       UBYSSEY
DjS
Friday, September 16, 1977
Our big sale
continues
W    ft     d   "Tt"    f*   «
AM/FM STEREO RECEIVER
15 Watts per Channel,
Minimum RMS at 8 221 5*0
Ohms, from 40Hz to
20kHz, with no more
than .8% Total
Harmonic
^Distortion
199"
PolycJor
I Here at last-Bee Gee's Live (2 LP's)
Staircase — Keith Jarrett (2 LP's)
On-stage — Rainbow (2 LP's)
PLUS THESE GREAT BUYS
Photographs
&
Memories
(Greatest Hits)
—JimCroce
SCOTT
SCOTT  R-306  A  Consumers
j pick for best buy in its price    R>306
class. 15 + 15 watts RMS with
Three Year Warranty.
189'i
M91ED^
HSHiH
940
Includes cartridge, walnut base.
Belt Drive, with
low mass tubular
tonearm.
149'}
A new speaker
incorporating the
famous HEIL Air
Motion Transformer |
in a natural oak
cabinet with an 8"
woofer.
1J9 "
Rush,,
«?
Mt
99 c
■ACH LP
A ROCKS ROLL
ALTERNATIVE- |
Atlanta Rhythm
Section
A FAREWELL TO |
KINGS-Rush
FLOWING RIVERSl
-AndyGIbb
STRATOSFEAR-I
Tangerine Dream |
SUPERSCOPE
BATTLE AXE—BMUpn Dollar Babies
QUEEN'S OF NOISE-Runaways
HIGH CLASS IN BORROWED
SHOES—MaxWebtter
Superscope
CD-302A Stereo
Cassette Deck, with
Dolby Noise
Reduction
^System
CD-302A
149 "
©YAMAHA
W   0    o    o    $
You saw it on T.V.
30+ 30 watts RMS.
Now you can afford
the MARANTZ
you've always
.wanted.
2230-
299-hJ
50-50 Warts RMS at less than 0.1°/
total distortion. This powerful unit is I
loaded with extras. Check the specs |
■AAA   and you"take one tiorne'
399'}
# YAMAHA
V15III
ILLUMINATED
STROBE WITH
PITCH CONTROL.
Superb S-shaped
tonearm with
silicone damped
Cue.  Five year warranty
YP-511
DIRECT DRIVEl
i 69 *a
1000
A truly unique fully automatic belt drive
turntable complete with strobe, pitch,
wood base, cover,
andSHUREV15
lMI
te with strobe, pitch,
299'}
FORMULA 2
A very efficient 8" 3 way with
exceptional power
handling. Natural
and Accurate
reproduction at a
modest i
149 "J
L-26
This popular two-way
bookshelf system from JBlI
features a 10-inch woofer
and a 1 4-inch tweeter.
The L-26 looks as good as |
it sounds — it's finished in
natural oak and comes
with your choice of blue,
brown or orange fabric
grille. Except for the price,
it sounds expensive.
179*}
TEAC    a-100
5020
' '%&'- '■•     :£:■ &
<•>
New greatly reduced price! This front load
DOLBY deck matches most MARANTZ
receivers for that
stacked'
^component look.
s most MARANTZ
199*3
IThe top rated front load Dolby cassette deck
1 has specifications to rival much more
(expensive models. Everything you expect froml
I TEAC at an A&B ^Bk ^m ^^ *■[
\SOUND price. *■ MM RR«V51
.Model A-100
556 SEYMOUR ST.   DOWNTOWN       THURSDAY ^FRIDAY      682-6144

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