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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 27, 1990

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Array theUbmy
ill  "At the
If
page 7
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, February 27,1990
Vol 72, No 39
opyright law
Creators struggle for their rights
by Franka Cordua-von Specht
A chicken bone is split and an entire
society waits breathlessly, all its hopes and
desires hinged on a simple action. Conception lends power to a lifeless skeletal remain, one of many visions that local visual
artist Lori Goldberg brings to life on canvas.
Goldberg describes the painting as tens
of wishbones confined in small rectangles,
charcoaled onto canvas. From a distance
the chicken bones appear cartoon-like, parading across the surface. From up close
they look like vaginas.
Goldberg belongs to a profession that
on the ladder of success—where success is
measured by dollars and status— would
dangle precariously from the first rung.
Little respected and poorly paid, creators
continue to live on the fringe of society, often
relegated there by the romantic vision that
creativity and imagination is borne from
suffering and poverty. Artists don't have
the right to a lifestyle of their choice, says
Goldberg.
'When are you going to find some real
work?' is the line often hurled at artists.
Goldberg has heard the words before and
within them the denial that artists contribute significantly to society. "Artists are not
seen as utilitarian," she says. "Their work is
not classified as professional."
Yet artwork like Goldberg's is good
enough to adorn magazine covers, decorate
restaurant walls and be exhibited in art
galleries.
Why then isn't an artist's work supported when the artist contributes so much
to culture? she asks. "Artists feed the soul,"
she says. "Acity withoutartis soulless," she
says.
ONE great concern of artists is pirating. Not by thieves who lift artwork
off walls and load it into a waiting truck, but
by the public that is lifting artwork off the
pages of books to make photocopies or
slides.
The debate over copyright laws has
created havoc within the arts community,
dividing forces normally allied.
On one front armed with public money
are the ministry of education, high schools,
colleges, universities, libraries, the museum community and curators. On the
other front stand the impoverished creators
(visual artists, performing artists, writer,
musicians, etc.).
The raging debate between the two
camps focuses on what does and doesn't
constitute copyright; what should and
shouldn't be an exemption.
"It is a moral war," says author and arts
journalist Susan Crean. "Stealing an artist's material is the same thing as
stealing....hockey equipment. Theft is
theft."
According to Crean, who teaches Creative Non-Fiction at UBC, creators have
been swindled out of money that rightfully
belongs in their pocket—partly because of
ailing copyright laws.
Canadian creators have had copyright—the moral and economic rights to
their "intellectual property"—since 1924.
But the laws did not keep pace with advancing technology: copyright opportunities
flourished with the advent ofthe photocopying, video, audio, and facsimile machines,
which made it physically impossible for an
individual to monitor the law. Moreover, it
was hardly lucrative for a creator to take
legal action since infringement penalties
were minimal, unlike legal costs.
Nothing had been done to update the
laws until a year and a half ago, on June 8,
1988, when after months of tense labour
and debate, Bill C-60 was born. The bill
gave creators rights, but did not outline
exemptions.
It's taken more than sixty years for Bill
C-60 to define creators' rights, a period in
which users have ignored the creators'
right. School teachers are used to making
multiple hand-outs for their class; university students often photocopy entire books
to avoid buying them; and university media
relations have been known to reproduce
artists' slides for the fine arts department.
"Most public and cultural institutions
are under the impression that what they are
doing is legal, and if it isn't, then it should
be," said Crean, chair ofthe copyright committee for the Writer's Union of Canada.
Under the current law, visual artists
are entitled to be informed and paid anytime their work is exhibited, reproduced or
photocopied from published material.
Much of the opposition from the museum community on Bill C-60 concerned
exhibition rights. Although many galleries
have been paying a voluntary exhibit fee to
artists since the mid-seventies, they did not
want this right locked in the law.
Museums argued the right would complicate the administrative procedures governing the purchase of artwork and would
cost too much.
"For the exhibition right to work properly, requires an infusion of funds, probably
from the government," said Ian Thom, curator ofthe Vancouver Art Gallery. "But culture always gets the short end ofthe stick."
He said museums cannot afford to put
out more money and consequently he
warned there would be fewer exhibitions.
Crean guessed museums will likely call
for the right's repeal when a sibling amendment—outlining exemptions to the Copyright Act—will be born this summer. "It (the
second bill) will be World War III."
Curators backed museums in the battle
against Bill C-60, but on different grounds.
They worried the bill, with its provision for
moral rights (which protects integrity of
artwork), would allow the artist to hang
over the curators' shoulder.
Crean said their fears were unfounded—no such law was written into the
bill.
Thom cited a worst-case scenario:
"What if an artwork is falling apart and the
artist does not give the curator the permission to restore it? Then the galleries' investment goes done the tube."
"I'm not saying this will happen, but it
could happen," he said.
Crean also condemned curators for
leeching funds away from needy artists.
"They shouldn't build career on people's
creations and then not pay for it."
She added that curators are uninformed about copyright laws. "When they
write a text, they have copy right on it. They
should have represented themselves as
artists and not let themselves be repre-
continued on page 4
CARFAC
collective
protects
visual
artists
Artists need to claim their copy
rights by educating themselves
about their legal rights and joining a
collective, says local visual artist
Lori Goldberg.
Goldberg discovered what infringement was a year ago at a national meeting of Canadian Artists
Representation/ le Front des Artistes Canadiens (CARFAC), a national association for visual artists.
Until then, she had given her
artwork away to embellish magazine covers, trading economic rewards for the all-important "exposure."
Since then, she has abandoned
the exposure trap and now demands
remuneration when her work is
exhibited or reproduced.
"If the work is valid enough to
make it into a magazine, then you
should get paid for it—like writers
are," she says.
But the move to claim the copyrights has been met by resistance
and more than once she has been
laughed at and had her artwork
turned away.
In the fight to empower artists
she urges them to band together and
join CARFAC. B.C. artists, however,
have had little to do with this association because there has never been
a regional office and consequently no
active representation for artists.
But last summer Goldberg
worked to revive interest in CARFAC B.C.-Yukon of which she is now
the regional representative.
The collective parallels other organizations set up for Canadian
actors, musician, and authors.
"Artists tend to work in isolation and are generally fearful of
being part of anything as a group.
This organization has to do with the
individual," she said.
"Individuals can't get anywhere. We have to make changes as
a lobbying force," said Goldberg.
A CARFAC copyright collective
(CCC) is currently being established
which will collect money from users
and get it to creators. It will also
provide legal services for artists.
"It's an important support system," she said. "It means a lot more
dollars and cents that we're not
earning now." CLASSIFIEDS 228-3977
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FOR RENT: Available for a female on
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TSUGA FORESTRY CONTRACTORS is
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In business for 11 years - exclusively planting. Camp facilities & equip. 1st class.
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Community Music School
Toachars Wanted
Are you a well-trained musician who enjoys children?
Our School prides Itself on offering a sound music
training lo groups of children] ages3 lo 18 In:
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Private music instruction in Vocal and Instrumental
Positions available lor group and private leaching In
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For more Information contact:
KrisO Kennedy, Coordinator,
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Learn valuable business and management
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Between
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Note: "Noon" = 12:30 p.m,
MONDAY, FEB. 26
Student Court. Court Hearing,
3:30pm, SUB Room 206.
Institute of Asian Research.
Seminar: "Local Entrepre-
neuTship in Singapore: Private
and State" by Dr. Lee, Dept. Economics and Statistics, National
University of Singapore. 12:30 to
1:30pm, Asian Centre • Room
604.
TUESDAY, FEB. 27
AIESEC {International Association of Students in Economics
and Commerce). Guest Speaker:
Jim Matkin, President of BC.
Business Council — Europe
1992. 12:30pm, Henry Angus,
Rm. 426.
Jewish   Students'  Association/
Hillel.    Israel Week - Falafel
Lunch! 12:30pm, Hillel House.
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 28
Amnesty UBC. Amnesty Works,
Letter Writing. New members
welcome. 12:30pm, SUB Room
215.
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Sexualities & lifestyles discussion for gay men in a gay-positive
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Need previous paint manager exp. Call 983-
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POSITIONS  AVAILABLE  TO   SELL
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Exec, commission. Phone Jean 584-6218.
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Sexuality & Lifestyles: Facilitated discussion ofthe biological
determinants of homosexuality.
5-7pm, SUB 215.
Women in Development. Lecture: Jyoti Sanghera, S.F.U.
Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology will be speaking on:
"Women's Labour in the Sex
Tour Industry in Southeast
Asia." 12:30 - 1:30pm, Asian
Centre, Seminar Room 604.
UBC Marxist-Leninist Study
Group. Discussion: The reunification of Germany and the redrawing of its borders. 7:00 pm,
Buchanan D225.
Campus Pro-Life. General
meeting. 12:30, Buch B220.
Campus Crusade for Christ.
Who do you say I am? The Jesus
Film. Noon, SUB Theatre.
Soul Campaign. Organization
Information meeting for the
Save Our University Library
campaign. Rm 224, SUB, 12:30.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. "Democracy in Israel" by
Colonel Uri Dromi. Noon,
BUCHA102.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Vancouver premier film
"Because of That War". 7 p.m.,
Woodward IRC Room 6.
THURSDAY, MAR. 1
Lutheran Student Movement.
Theological discussion. Noon,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
UBC Young Socreds. Guest
speaker - Hon. Stan Hagen -
Minister of Regional & Economic Development. Noon, SUB
215.
ONE LADIES SILVER AND GOLD
LINK WATCH. Brand name "Etema".
Lost Wednesday Feb. 14. Reward offered.
Phone: 734-5970.
NAVY BLUE TRENCH COAT. Br. scarf.
Blck wit. Sat Feb 17 at Pit. 732-6316
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an antiarrhythmic drug study - mexiletine.
Subjects are asked to donate blood, saliva,
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Info, call Dr. mcerlane 228-4451 or Mr.
Kwok 228-5838 in Faulty of Pharmacy,
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in the Middle East Peace Process: Hopes and Disappointments" by Prof. Avivi Yavin.
Noon, BUCH A102.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Workshops: (1) Arab-
Jewish Co-Existence in Israel;
(2) New Streajns of Judaism in
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Amnesty UBC. Executive Meeting - everyone welcome.
12:30pm, SUB Rm. 205.
Inter Varsity Christian Fellowship. Meeting: come hear
speaker, Peter Duykey: "Realities in the market place." Interested in coming to the relaxing
CRASH camp 1990 (April 27-30)
on Thetis Island? Come and find
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International Socialists. Meeting, topic: State capitalism in
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215.
UBC Scottish Country Dance
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205.
UBC Lesbians. Lesbian Discussion Group, Topic: Figuring out
how to talk about sex. Noon,
SUB Room 130.
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Coming out seminar — the first
step out ofthe closet. Noon, SUB
111.
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
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TYPING 24 HOUR SERVICE. Essays,
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=- Flesh Eating Mothers. For
more information, phone Film
Soc hotline at 228-3697. SUB Auditorium.
Campus Crusade for Christ. The
Door is open. Fellowship meeting. Noon, Angus 215.
FRIDAY, MAR. 2
Film Society. 'B' Festival: (1)
7:00 = Flesh Eating Mothers. (2)
9:30 = Plan 9. with Bela Lugosi.
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African Student Association. African Art, Craft and picture exhibition. Theme: Africa heritage,
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SUB Concourse.
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«
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IS
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Ph 224-7011
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Ph 224-3722
2/THE UBYSSEY
February 27,1990 NEWS
Racist pins sold in B.C. store
by Imtiaz Popat
Racist lapel pins sparked protests at the Steveston Fishing Village in Richmond.
The B.C. organization to fight
racism (BCOFR) called the rally
this past Saturday to protest the
selling of offensive lapel pins at
the British Pantry, a specialty
food store located in the Steveston
Village.
Five different kinds of pins
were ordered from the Calgary
supplier and the 600 pins sold out
in two days.
One of the pins, which has
already stirred a great deal of
controversy in Calgary, depicts a
Euro-Canadian man surrounded
by a South Asian wearing a tur
ban, a Chinese wearing a long robe
and coolie hat and an African
wearing animal skin and carrying
a spear.
The caption reads "Who is the
minority in Canada?"
Mary Carter, one of the proprietors ofthe British Pantry, only
had samples of two pins left to
show.
"I could have sold a thousand
pins yesterday," she said.
President of BCOFR, Charan
Gill, finds the pin stereotypical
and offensive because Canadian
ethnic groups do not typically
dress like that.
"Canadian culture is not stagnant. It's a changing culture," said
Gill.
Charges dropped
by Rick Hiebert
Students prosecuting Andrew
Hicks in student court dropped
charges against him and joined
him to attack "abuses" in the AMS
system yesterday.
Hicks' student court counsel
Joshua Sohn and two students
who took the former director of
administration to court, Jason
Gadd and Darlene Prosser, plan to
make a joint presentation to the
AMS student council tomorrow to
call for an "open forum" on the
recent AMS audit, its recommendations and whether past and
present members of the AMS executive were guilty of account
misappropriations.
The agreement, which resulted in Prosser and Gadd dropping the charges, was struck yesterday as they agreed to work together on the open forum proposal.
According to court clerk Tim Hore
and confirmed by court justice
David Wotherspoon, the charges
were dropped when Hicks' counsel
suggested the prosecutors join
him in "attacking this problem as
it relates to the entire (AMS) executive."
Hicks said, "I am pleased the
two students recognized that the
budget issues which were (discussed) during the tribunal go far
beyond that of one person, but to
that of the entire financial management of AMS funds and it always has."
"Some feel that I have been
unjustly targeted. I am happy that
this tribunal has brought out the
bigger issues," he said.
Prosser told student court she
and Gadd were withdrawing the
charges "...The issue of unbecoming conduct is one that should be
But Carter thinks potential
British immigrants are the ones
being discriminated against.
Carter is frustrated because
she is having a hard time getting
food stuffs from Britain that do not
have French labelling on them.
She ordered the pins by reading about them in the newspaper.
"When I saw the pins, I thought
that was us, we are getting discriminated against," she said.
"We are not racist you know."
The other pin sample available
depicted a Canadian Mountie in
traditional RCMP uniform including the stetson. Beside the Mountie
image is a picture of a turban with
an X crossing it out, and the caption
"Preserve our tradition" below.
Sikhs in.the RCMP have been
lobbying for the past year to allow
turbans as part of their uniform.
Orthodox Sikhs consider turbans
an essential part of their religion.
While the London "Bobby"
uniform and the Canadian Military uniform have been changed to
include the turban, the Canadian
Government has yet to decide on
the RCMP uniform.
Gill thinks the government is
exacerbating the situation the
longer they take to make a decision.
"They must make a decision
soon before it gets out of hand,"
said Gill. "And the government
must make a decision that is consistent with the Canadian Charter
of Rights."
The decision to change the
uniform will be made by the solicitor-general, but the recent Mulroney cabinet shuffle will delay
that.
Pierre Cadieux was appointed
as the new solicitor-general last
Friday.
Alison Molloy, acting regional
director for the solicitor-general's
office in Vancouver, said, "Pierre
Blais, the previous minister, was
going to make the decision. But
now with the new minister, we
don't know how long it's going to
take."
Carter plans to continue supplying the pins to whoever wants
them across B.C.
examined with respect to the entire executive body and council,
not to one individual."
Prosser also said student
court testimony could also imply
that "the procedures which were
allegedly violated extend further
than Hicks," according to the student court minutes.
"We thought it important to
show that we are all students here,
defense, prosecution, whatever.
Because it has been seen as a political issue, we have to rescue it
from the politics it has been immersed in."
The prosecution and defense
issued a two page joint statement
to the Ubyssey yesterday. But
Gadd and Sohn insisted it be
printed in its entirety in the text of
this article, or not at all. Sohn said
to Ubyssey staffers he wanted
students to be able to judge their
comments in "context" of their
agreed joint statement.
When asked if they would
agree to having the full statement
put in our letters section, Gadd
and Sohn said they could not approve without the "approval of
Darlene" Prosser.
Later, however, Prosser said
had The Ubyssey printed the
statement in full in its letters sections, she would have regarded it
as "a perfectly acceptable compromise." However, it was too late to
obtain the statement for publication today.
Prosser and Gadd took Hicks
to student court earlier this month
on the charges of "behaviour
deemed unbecoming to a member
of the (Alma Mater) Society" and
violating the AMS Code and Bylaws by being the second signing
officer of a deconstituted AMS
club.
"You're going to have to deal with me from now on," it said to AMS employees. This parakeet
was reporteed missing from Earl's Restaurant but was later discovered In Ks new position
perched on seat in the AMS general manager's office. CHUNG WONG PHOTO
Male - female communication groups planned by AMS
by Esther Besel
Kurt Preinsperg wants to
start male-female communication
groups on campus to deal with
sexism and other problems between men and women.
The AMS president's initiative is still in the planning stages.
Preinsperg anticipated some problems with the mixed groups. "The
danger is that men will try to
dominate as they are bound to do
in all mixed groups. They talk too
much and create a male-dominated hierarchy that excludes
women."
Preinsperg felt men would
have more of a problem with mixed
groups than women. "I think
women by and large are far ahead
of men in articulating their feelings and mapping out a constructive agenda."
According to Preinsperg, such
groups would help both men and
women to get away from moral
blaming and make them sympathetically critical and aware of
each other's points of view. He
believes raising awareness will
catalyze the personal growth that
a non-sexist approach to relationships requires from men.
"What communication groups
can clearly do for students who
participate is give them an incentive in a supportive setting to vent
their thoughts and feelings about
their experience in male-female
relationships and their ideas for
better relationships between the
sexes."
Preinsperg does not see mixed
groups discussions as a cure for
society's problems. "As a realist I
make no grandiose claims. A soci
ety that is permeated by tawdry
commercialism and brutal pornography and tremendous problems with respect to the tradition
ofthe family can't simply be cured
of all those ills by some proposed
panacea."
Preinsperg said the groups
would require a trained professional to mediate them. "The issues these groups will tackle and
the frustrations and anger they
will address are so explosive for
many people that only an experienced professional can maintain
an atmosphere of openness and
respect and channel those energies in constructive directions."
UBC student Helen Segal
from the Women's Centre does not
think the proposal will work. "It's
a good idea but it has pitfalls,"
said Segal. "The road to hell is
paved with good intentions."
Segal said the subtle problems that exist between males and
females in society would be carried into the workshops.
"Who will initiate conversations, dominate conversations, do
more listening, open up the most,
and guide the discussion?" asked
Segal. "Who's going to be pointing
what is normal and not normal?
Will it be a feminist or will it be a
Freudian psychoanalyst?"
Segal said male-male and
female-female communication
groups would be more beneficial.
"There's been no education, no
consciousness raising. We're not
at a point to mix these groups," she
said.
Student counselling responded positively to the proposal.
"Part of our mandate is to
meet the needs ofthe students on
campus and help people in terms
of personal growth," said Dr. John
Schneider from student counselling.
He said before Preinsperg's
proposal can become reality, it
must get student council backing
as well as have guidelines for the
groups.
"The best place for growth to
happen is in an environment
where people feel safe," said Schneider. He said the prospect of
mixed groups could work, but if
people don't feel comfortable or
safe in that situation the groups
could be separated.
Schneider said student counselling already promotes communication groups but is still in the
beginning stages of development.
February 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/3 Hillel House and Israel Program Centre Present:
ISRAEL WEEK 1990
February 27, 28, March 1
University of British Columbia
C • A* L« E •&_? D •A* R
O
$
FEATURE
Protection for creators
DISPLAYS
10:00 AM - 2:00 PM, DAILY
IN S.U.B. CONCOURSE
PRESENTING A MANY-FACETED ISRAEL
TUESDAY FEBRUARY 27
12:30 PM
Hillel T-Tmis*
Falafel Lunch!
12:30 PM
Buchanan A 102
Colonel Uri Dromi
World Zionist Organization
"DEMOCRACY IN ISRAEL"
WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 28
4.00-5:30 PM
Hillel Hmis-*-
Vancouver Premiere!
Award-winning Israeli Film:
"BECAUSE OF THAT WAR"
Cost: $5.00
12:30 PM
Buchanan A 102
Professor Avivi Yavin
Visiting Israeli Prof, at TRIUMF
THURSDAY MARCH 1
Phone for details.
"The Role op Scientific
Reseahch and Higher
Education in the Middle East
Peace Process:
Hopes & Disappointments"
[For further information:  224-47481
4:00-5:30 PM
Hillel House
CONCURRENT WORKSHOPS:
Four Concurrent Workshops on the
Israeli Experience.
THE
THUNDERBIRD
SHOP AT UBC
JUST WHEN YOU THOUGHT
IT WAS SAFE...
MARIACHI MONDAY III
MARCH 5
HOURS: MON. TO FRI. 8 AM-8 PM
LOWER LEVEL --.    4ri44    SATURDAY IB AM - 5 PM
STUDENT UNION BUILDING      ZZ-4-1U11 SUNDAY 12-5 PM
continued from page 1
seated by public institutions."
Crean also denounced the
arts councils—save the progressive Toronto council—which have
remained silent on the copyright
issue.
"They haven't been doing
their political work for a long
time," said Crean. She added they
had amoral obligation to side with
the creators, "the poorest members of our society."
"Artists are the lowest paid
individuals besides pensioners.
They [male artists] are paid on
average $5,000 to $6,000 a year;
female artists receive about half of
that and minorities even less."
TO date, few cases of infringement have gone to court,
mainly because of a "fair dealings
clause" within the Copyright Act.
The clause does not outline
exemptions. What it does allow for
is a possible defense for the accused. Depending on court's ruling, infringement may not include
using a creator's work for private
study, research and newspaper
reviews.
"It [the clause] is not an exemption, but provides an argument that the defense may give in
court. Court is not obligated to
accept it," said Crean.
But few creators have ventured into the courtroom because
"nobody has enough money to
make it worthwhile," said Crean.
UBC librarian Richard
Hopkins doubted that current
revision ofthe clause would make
the document any clearer. Cases of
infringement will likely be hammered out in court, he said.
The higher penalties for infringement will make legal suits
worthwhile.
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Hopkins, a member of the
copyright committee of the Canadian Libraries Association (CLA),
said the clause has protected institutions against charges of infringement.
According to Hopkins, "Students have the right under the fair
dealings clause to make photocopies of an article without paying
royalties to artists."
Crean disagreed and said
parts of an article may be photocopied, but not completely.
"Stealing an artist's
material is the same
thing as stealing....
hockey equipment.
Theft is theft."
- Susan Crean	
Yet Hopkins agreed that royalties should be paid to artists for
multiple copies. "There is a need
for balance between creators and
users," he said.
He said the CLA, which
fought Bill C-60 and continues to
lobby the government for exemptions, is mainly concerned with
funding.
Hopkins said the CLA fears
the money will be slashed from
their budgets.
Said Crean: "If libraries are
underfunded that problem should
not be addressed through copyright."
If libraries' budgets were
slashed, Hopkins said users—
mainly students—could be
saddled with an increase on photocopying charges, which would
make information less accessible.
"Only the rich could afford it," said
Hopkins.
Crean was disgusted by
Hopkins' suggestion that writers
Israel Week 1990 Presents:
"Because
of That War"
Award-winning Israeli Film
•••••••••••••
Wed., February 28, 7 pm
Instructional Resource Centre,
Room 6
Woodward Building, U.B.C.
IMPORTANT
STAFF
MEETING,
Wednesday
at 12:30,
regarding
editorial
elections
officers
would want to censor access to
information, by asking for royalties.
She said the CLA's concern for
students was not genuine, since
photocopying costs at libraries far
outstrip those of professional copy
centres. "If they are concerned
about cost, why not try to get Xerox
machines free of charge from
companies?"
Hopkins also said if the royalties came from the libraries' budgets, they wouldbe less likely to buy
from lesser-known writers, most
of whom are Canadian.
He said two-thirds of UBC's
books are American and most of
the royalties would be flowing
south.
But Crean said Americans
have not established a collective
nor an agreement with Canada to
receive such royalties.
She emphasized that the cultural content of libraries was a
separate matter and should not be
addressed by copyright. "There is
no morality involved in asking
authors to bear the cost of that
problem," she added.
Hopkins also said the CLA is
calling for an exemption that
would see writers give a free copy
of their work to libraries.
In this case, Crean said magazine free-lance writers would be
hardest hit, unlike academics who
are on salary. She said few magazine writers are salaried staff
writers and they are in no position
to provide their work for free.
"Do you know what kind of
message this sends to students
about the value of creativity?"
asked Crean.
They are not allowing creators to reap the profits generated
by their work, she said.
"Why should creators be targeted to give away their services
for free?"
Tickets: $5
available at:
Hillel House
For more info, on this & other Israel
Week programs, phone 224-4748
The Gbyssey is
presently
compiling a
women's issue for
March 13.
Any women interested
in contributing to this
issue phone Franka at
228-2301 or come to the
meeting Wed. Feb 28th
at 3:30 in SUB 241K
Hair Styling
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4/THE UBYSSEY
February 27,1990 FEATURE
AIDS fear fanned by fanatic
by Charles Lugosi
Fears fanned by members of
the medical community have led
some surgeons at the San Francisco General Hospital to wear
oxygen-regulated "spacesuits" to
protect themselves from possible
AIDS infection during operations.
New scientific data is out,
some of it yet unpublished, which
feeds the paranoia of physicians,
and raises the inevitable question
of quarantine for victims of Canada's most terrifying incurable
disease—AIDS.
According to Dr. Lorraine
Day, former chief of staff, orthopaedic surgery, San Francisco
General Hospital, the AIDS virus
is not fragile. It will survive seven
days at room temperature on a dry
surface—14 days if wet. It survives freezing. It survives 70 per
cent ethyl alcohol. It is present in
blood, bone, saliva, urine, mucous
secretion, tears, andbreastmilk. It
can be breathed into your lungs. A
recent study at San Francisco
General showed infectious HIV
viruses have been cultured from
blood containing aerosols generated by surgical power instruments in the operating room.
Day said AIDS can be passed
on by mere skin contact. She
added healthcare workers have a
higher risk of infection from AIDS
by a single needlestick injury than
someone who has unprotected
anal intercourse with an infected
partner.
The odds are 1:500 to acquire
AIDS from heterosexual intercourse, 1:250 from anal intercourse and 1:200 from puncturing
your finger with a needle, said
Day.
The risk of AIDS to healthcare
workers could drop by as much as
90 per cent if gloves were invented
which are puncture proof, yet preserve tactile sensation. Even
wearing triple glove protection
does not guarantee safety from a
needlestick injury, said Day.
But Dr. David Lewis, 38, of
Vancouver, a former psychologist
who is suffering from AIDS, dismissed Day as a "kook." At present
advocacy chair and spokesperson
for the Vancouver Persons With
AIDS Society, Lewis crossed paths
before with Day in California.
"To the knowledgeable AIDS
community, Dr. Day is an alarmist," said Lewis. "She is exploring
unrealized fears, which may be
related to her own specialty, but
not to the general healthcare
field."
The reason why Dr. Day gets
attention, said Lewis, is because
"she says things people want to
hear."
"She's hiding her own homo-
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phobia behind healthcare issues,"
added Lewis.
Persons with AIDS are not
monsters who need to be insulated
from the workers who care for
them, said Lewis. "There are a lot
more important issues affecting
persons with AIDS, such as phobia
in the workplace, housing, access
to treatment, and international
travel restrictions," he said.
Lewis cautioned that Day's
scientific evidence about the presence ofthe AIDS virus in aerosols,
tears, saliva, and mucous membranes ought to be treated as
"unfounded speculation" until the
studies cited by Day gain the credi -
bility accorded with publication in
a medical journal.
Day's scientific
evidence about the
presence of the AIDS
virus in aerosols,
tears, saliva, and
mucous membranes
ought to be treated
as "unfounded
speculation."
While the Day vs Lewis debate rages on, the public is not
alone in its confusion. There appears to be inconsistent medical
practice and a general lack of leadership by hospitals to protect their
staff.
Testing of both the patient
and the healthcare worker will be
inevitable in the future, said Day.
Treatment can be more effective if
better knowledge is available
about the patient. AIDS must be
recognized as an occupational
health hazard, as 20 per cent of all
viral lab workers will get AIDS,
estimates Day. Of 2,396
healthcare workers in the United
States who have been tested for
AIDS, 266 were HIV positive.
A surgeon in the U.S. has died
from AIDS, after being infected
from a splash of blood in his eye.
Another, Dr. Veronica Prego, is
suing for $35 million U.S. in damages since she was diagnosed as
having AIDS in November, 1987
following an incident at her hospital in 1983, when she punctured
her finger on a contaminated syringe needle.
Dr. Ted McLean, is a physician with Vancouver's health department and is their communicable disease consultant. He
agreed that Vancouver's
healthcare workers are at risk.
"The largest risk is at St. Paul's
Hospital,   primarily   through
needlestick injuries."
However, McLean was vague
about committing himself as to the
actual danger posed: "There are
only estimates for the level of risk,
as there is no hard data."
For their part, hospitals in the
lower mainland aren't taking
chances with liability.
McLean said some hospitals
require healthcare workers to give
a sample of their blood prior to
commencing employment, in the
event the employee later tests
positive for AIDS. The sample
assists in determining the source
of the worker's infection.
Day said the Centre for Disease Control in Atlanta Georgia,
where she has had heated private
discussions, prefers to publicly
state the AIDS virus is not present
in substances, in the absence of
the CDC conducting its own tests.
This, said Dr. Day, is foolishness,
suggesting it is enough to know
how AIDS has actually been transmitted to enable physicians to
predict the spread of this disease.
A colleague, who asked not to
be named, said Day is being persecuted because she is revealing the
truth about AIDS to the public and
that the gay community is politically powerful, and doesn't want to
see the diversion of funds from
easing the suffering of AIDS victims into developing safety clothing and equipment for doctors and
nurses.
Lewis stressed that the AIDS
community is composed of everyone represented in society, not
only homosexuals, and is largely
in favour of precautions for
healthcare workers.
"It's just Dr. Day we object to,"
he said.
McLean also thinks Day has
gone too far, presenting her case to
the public in a dramatic way
through the media.
He expressed frustration over
Day's estimates concerning the
number of lab workers who will get
AIDS and rejected the notion that
AIDS can be transmitted in the
operating room to surgeons and
nurses by aerosols.
Said McLean, "I have major
reservations about the aerosol
study, and if the study is published, the experiments should be
duplicated to confirm the results."
But he does support Day in
that the AIDS virus is present in
blood and its presence is theoretically possible in all human blood
derived tissue.
"Nobody denies the risks. The
biggest risk is the unknown patient. My advice is to keep a barrier between the worker and the
patient's blood," concluded Dr.
McLean.
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March 6 & 8
7-10pm
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UBC Reading, Writing and Study Skills
Centre for Continuing Education
222-5245
DOES CANADA NEED
HATE PROPAGANDA LAWS?
A debate between
ALAN BOROVOY
General Counsel for the Canadian Civil
Liberties Association Author of When Freedoms
Collide: The Case For Our Civil Liberties
and
DAVID MATAS
Senior Counsel for the B'nai Brith's Institute for
Internal Affairs Intervenor before the Supreme
Court of Canada in the recent Keegstra Co-author
of Justice Delayed: Bringing Nazi War Criminals
to Justice
moderated by
PETER BURNS
Dean, Faculty of Law
Monday, March 5
12:30 - 2:30
Curtis (Law) Building, room 101
Sponsored by: The Jewish Law Students Association
with the support of
The B.C. Civil Liberties Association,
The Law Students Association,
The Canadian Jewish Congress and Hillel
Jack Daniel's Tennessee Whiskey is represented in Canada by FBM Distillery Ltd., Brampton. Ontario
YOU CAN TELL a lot about Jack Daniel's
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February 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/5 SPORTS
Lo. the mighty have fallen
T-BIrd rookie David Williscroft (#44)
seeks daylight under the hoop
by Dale Fallon
The Thunderbird men's basketball team is finished for the
year—probably.
Following a pair of weekend
playoff losses to the Alberta
Golden Bears, UBC can only hope
for an unlikely wild card invitation to the national championships in Halifax.
A dejected Thunderbird
squad filed off the court at War
Memorial Gym on Saturday night
following an 84-79 loss in the deciding game of their Canada West
semi-final.
UBC repeatedly gave Alberta
second chances following missed
shots. "Rebounding was the
key...the big thing was in the first
, half giving up nine offensive re-
\ bounds," said coach Bruce Enns
after the game.
The Golden Bears' towering
frontline pulled down 15 offensive
boards, while UBC managed only
five. The T-Birds' inside game was
hurt by centre Mike Clarke's early
foul trouble, although he still
managed to lead the T-Birds in
scoring with 24 points.
With just under four minutes
\ to go in the game, UBC made a
final effort to narrow the lead
Alberta had been protecting since
the first half. J.D. Jackson started
the rally by swatting away a jump-
shot by forward Brian Halsey to
get the 1200 fans buzzing. Seconds
-1 later UBC guard Brian Tait used a
cleared out offensive zone to drive
into the key and pot a lay-up to
make it 74-70.
However, after that burst, the
Bears reasserted their superiority
and a nonchalant 18-foot field goal
by guard Sean Chursinoff gave
them an eight point lead with
which they coasted to the win.
Both coaches cited Alberta's
Halsey as the player ofthe game.
He led his team in scoring with
twenty points, but was arguably
even more valuable for shutting
down Jackson who scored just 14
points on six field goals attempts.
A heart-stopping 91-85 overtime
loss on Friday night put UBC
down a game in the best of three
set. It was yet another example of
Chursinoff taking over, and making the difference in an extremely
tight matchup. He netted 27
points and dominated an overtime
period in which the T-Birds
seemed spent.
According to coach Enns,
UBC will continue to practice
while awaiting word from the
CIAU championships committee
which must select two wild card
teams from non conference winning teams.
There won't be an official
word for two weeks, but UBC received a negative signal Monday
when they fell from two to six in
the national rankings.
"I'd say if the selections were
made today, based on the rankings, we wouldn't get in," said
Enns yesterday.
He admitted that it "could be
tough" to keep his team motivated
for workouts this week and next.
Graduating UBC forward Jeff Strother (#52)
skies over Alberta's BiH Lavergne (#30)
Bears bounce 'Birds
by Michael Booth
Everything that could have
gone wrong for the Thunderbird
hockey squad did, as they were
swept in straight games by the
hometown University of Alberta
Golden Bears in their Canada
West play-off series on the weekend.
The Golden Bears maintained their mastery over the T-
Birds, winning 8-1 Friday before
squeezing out a 4-3 overtime win
Saturday. The Golden Bears have
faced UBC seven times this year
and won six and tied one. Four
games went into overtime.
On Friday night, the T-Bird's
eight game winning streak came
to a crashing halt as the injury
riddled UBC squad came up flat
against a fired up Alberta team.
Four UBC players were suffering
from the flu, the starting goaltender Ray Woodley bruised a knee in
the warm-up, and finally forward
Jeff Crossley went down with a
knee injury.
The T-Birds took numerous
penalties and Alberta was only too
happy to take advantage, scoring
Grant
File photo
Del court
five po wer play goals en route to an
8-1 whipping of their western visitors. Defenseman Scott Frizzell
was the lone marksman for UBC.
UBC bounced back in Saturday's game and led Alberta 3-2 at
the midway point of the third period defenseman Rob Rice collided
with forward Rob Whiton during a
line change. UBC was penalized
for too many men on the ice and
Alberta scored the tying goal during the ensuing powerplay.
In overtime, Woodley stopped
the initial shot only to have his
momentum carry himself and the
puck into the net for the winning
marker. Forwards Grant Del-
court, Jay Barberie and Joe
Sobotin all tallied for the T-Birds.
"Alberta is the one team we
could only tie," said UBC coach
Terry O'Malley. "It was just one of
those weekends where you needed
that little extra energy and it
wasn't there. Alberta is a good
team that comes at you and
doesn't let up."
The Golden Bears now meet
the University of Calgary Dinosaurs in the Canada West final
with the winner advancing to the
national championships in
Toronto.
BIRD DROPPINGS
T-Bird captain Grant Del-
court and goaltender Ray Woodley
were named to the Canada West
second all-star team.
Whiton and defenseman Peter Twist have played their final
games as T-Birds. The two
player's five years of college eligibility were completed with Saturday's game.
IHOT
■FLASHES
Volunteer coaches
Westside Warriors minor football
league requires football coaches
for 1990 football season
apply: S. Bawa 873-003
BIRD BITS
Dinos devour basket-Birds
The women's basketball machine that goes by the name ofthe
University of Calgary claimed another victim as they swept their
semi-final play-off series with the
visiting UBC Thunderbirds. The
defending national champions extended their winning streak to 65
games by downing the T-Birds 66-
43 and 90-58.
FifthyearUBCforwardTessa
Valg was named to the Canada
West second all-star team.
T-Birds honoured
First year volleyball player
Jenny Rauh was a unanimous selection as the Canada West rookie
of the year. Rauh started all 20
games for the T-Birds and led the
squad in kills with 231.
T-Birdguard J.D. Jackson was
a unanimous choice as a Canada
Westfirst team all-star.Team-mates
Mike Clarke and Jason Leslie were
named second team all-stars.
Volley-Birds split on prairie trip
Tne UBC men's volleyball team
split a pair of weekend games with
the University of Saskatchewan
Huskies in Saskatoon. The T-Birds
lost 3 matches to 1 on Friday before
bouncing back to win with an identical score on Saturday.
The T-Birds possess an even
.500 record (7-7) and occupy third
place in the ever tough Canada
West conference with two matches
remaining.
Shorman drafted
The B.C. Lions used their
sixth-round choice in last Saturday's Canadian Football League
draft to snare UBC linebacker
Doug Shorman.
Shorman was the only Thunderbird to be drafted this year and
was surprised to be picked at all.
"I really didn't think I'd go,"
Shorman said. "I hadn't heard
from anybody so I wasn't thinking
about the draft at all."
The 6'2", 225-pound fourth
year arts student played high
school football for the Richmond
Colts before joining the Thunderbirds.
"I've lived all my life in B.C. so
being drafted by the Lions is really
a bonus," Shorman said. "Its nice
to get the recognition after 12
years of playing football."
Doug Shorman.
Shorman plans to return to
UBC next year for his final year of
eligibility.
"Next year's defense is going
to be awesome and I'd really like to
beapartofit. I'd like onelast crack
at winning it all."
6/THE UBYSSEY
February 27, 1990 $K>RT$ F6ATURI
Woodley:
UBC goalie proves talent isn't always enough
by Michael Booth
26.
Its a strange number for a
goalie. 1, 30, 33 and 35 are common. Ken Dryden made 29 fashionable and 27 is not unheard of.
But 26? Why, that's the dreaded
number 13 doubled! Must be twice
the bad luck...
For first
year Thunderbird goaltender
Ray Woodley,
the number is
singularly appropriate. Luck
seems a foreign
concept to him.
He's cat quick,
works hard,
and is consistent in his play
from game to
game. He just
hasn't had
many breaks go
his way.
A local
product, Woodley played his
minor hockeyin
Burnaby before
graduating to
the junior level. He started playing goal when he was eight and
liked it immediately.
"When kids are young, all kids
want to try goal before moving on
to other positions," Ray's father,
Don Woodley recalls. "But Ray
took a real shine to it and wanted
to stay there."
Although Woodley played
soccer, lacrosse and baseball in the
summer months, hockey was his
first love and he worked hard year
round to improve his play.
"Sports was his whole mind,"
Don Woodley said. "Ray and I
would spend hours practicing in
the backyard. I would be the forward and he would be the goalie
and I would shoot and throw balls
at him. My wife would get mad
because on the rainy days, we
would do it in the front room."
Woodley played for the
MacPherson Winter Club's hockey
program until that organization
folded and then moved to the
Burnaby Minor Hockey Association where he played until junior
age. He joined the tier two
Burnaby Bluehawks for one season and then moved with the team
when   it   merged   with   the
Richmond Sockeyes.
"I wanted to get a scholarship
in the U.S., I don't know why, it
seemed to be the thing to do,"
Woodley said.
"After the good year we had in
Richmond, they (New Westminster) said basically it's pretty obvious that you're not going to get a
scholarship by
now if you
don't have one
and suggested
I think about
the Western
League."
Woodley was sceptical of moving
to the major
junior circuit
and attended
the New West-
minster
Bruins training camp with
a minimum of
preparation.
I
didn't do anything," Woodley said. "I
aJlremember I
was really sad about the whole
thing and I had heard all the bad
stories about the Western league
and I went to training camp without preparing in the least."
Woodley made the team and
played much of the year behind
Drago Adam,'a draft pick of the
New York Rangers. Not content in
that position, Woodley worked out
with local goaltending guru Vic
Lemire to improve his play. By the
end of the year, Woodley had improved to the point where he and
Adam split the Bruins' net-
minding duties.
The Western Hockey League,
despite its high profile image and
claims of developing young hockey
players, only pays lip service to its
players' academic needs.
"Every team gets a lot of pressure to send their kids to school
and to make sure they are going to
school; but really, they couldn't
have cared less," Woodley said.
"Unless you were a guaranteed
draft choice, they were just using
you to fill in the roster or draw in
fans or something. They don't
care."
"It's too bad because, like, if
we had high school hockeyitwould
•be so good for the sport because
the kids would have to go to school
and keep their marks up in order
to play on the teams. It works well
in the U.S. and I don'tknow why it
hasn't been tried here. I guess it's
because it's expensive to run a
hockey team."
"It's strange though because
in Canada where we are native
hockey players we're so far behind
the U.S. in that way and in developing players it seems."
After his first season of junior, Woodley received an invitation to attend the New York Rangers training camp in the fall. After
being sent to the Rangers farm
team in Denver, Woodley decided
to return to New Westminster for
another year of junior.
Woodley played well that
season as the Bruins starting
netminder and tried out with the
Rangers again the following autumn. Woodley was cut following
the rookie camp, and returned to
Burnaby in time to be invited to
the Vancouver Canucks training
camp.
"I went in there and I played
the best hockey of my life at that
camp," Woodley said. "All the guys
I knew were saying it was going to
be great, that I was going to be in.
You know, the guys start talking
to you when you play well; you're
not just an extra."
"I was starting to think hey,
maybe something is going to work
out and all of a sudden they say ok,
thanks for coming out. See you
later. Well, what am I supposed to
do? I can't go back to junior, where
am I supposed to play?"
The Canucks' Brian Burke
promised Woodley that he would
try to find him a place to play but,
by the end of October Burke was
not returning his calls and Woodley found himself without a team.
"I eventually got a hold of him
and he said 'give me a couple of
days and 111 see what I can do' and,
I just knew it was getting worse
and worse and worse. It was just
like the rug just got yanked out
from under my feet. I was stuck, I
had nowhere to go."
The three NHL training
camps have taught Woodley a lot
about the politics that are i nvolved
in the player selection process of
the NHL. Ability is often not as
important aa a player's connections and size.
"Look at a guy like (T-Bird
captain Grant) Delcourt," Woodley said. "He throws the body, he
scores goals, he's just a great two-
way hockey player. But he's a little
small and now he's a little bit
older, and unless somebody comes
along and sees you and says 'Hey,
I like you for some reason,' then
you don't really have much of a
chance anymore."
"Sports was his whole
mind," Don Woodley
said. "Ray and I would
spend hours practicing
in the backyard. I would
be the forward and he
would be the goalie and I
would shoot and throw
balls at him. My wife
would get mad because
on the rainy days, we
would do it in the front
room."
"Ifyou go to a training camp,
you're better off being a lousy
hockey player than you are to
being an average hockey player
because ifyou got invited to training camp, and you don't have the
skills to be there, that means
somebody, for some reason, likes
you. The odds are much better that
you're going to make it because
they don't like you because your a
better hockey player, there's just
something that clicks."
"Look at what they have to
draw on. You figure there has to
be 10,000 hockey players at the
beginning of every hockey season
that are just itching to go to a
training camp. So (the teams) can
afford to tool a few guys around."
Followinghis release from the
Canucks, Woodley turned his attention back to his education. He
completed his grade 12 and applied to get into BC ITs marketing
program in late 1988. When that
didn't work out, he turned his attention to UBC.
Woodley had contacted UBC
after the Canucks camp and had
thought about maybe playing
hockey and going to school. It
remained just a thought until he
decided to improve his grades.
"We had talked about him but
his grades were not sufficient to
get into the university," T-Bird
head coach Terry O'Malley said.
"On his own. he upgraded his
marks and made it into school. We
heard from him again in spring
after he had completed his courses
and he was accepted this summer
into UBC."
When Woodley finally arrived
on campus, he wasn't sure
whether or not he wanted to play
competitively again.
"I wasn't going to play hockey
ever again unless I played for fun
because, you know, I'm so close. I
figured that I had the ability to
play professional hockey, but
again, it's more a matter of being
in the right place at the right
time."
Woodley made the team and,
despite struggling early due to his
one year lay-off, began to regain
some of his old form.
"At first he was playing inconsistently until he got all sides of his
game down," O'Malley said. "He
hadn't played in a year and a half
so it took a while to get his timing
down."
Woodley recovered his sense
of timing just as his new teammates began scoring and the team
took off, leaping from seventh to
third place in the tough Canada
West conference.
The success brought with it the old
demons of'what if.
"Then we're half-way through
a season, my average is the best its
ever been in. my life, my save percentage is up, we're winning
games and we've got a great
hockey team," Woodley said. "And
then I'm thinking aw geez, here we
go again. Am I going to get caught
thinking I'm going to be playing in
the NHL again, or what's going
on?"
"It's almost like a curse; and
(T-Bird forward) Scott Rawson
feels the same way, all the guys
must feel that way. They all still
want to play."
The biggest adjustment Woodley has had to make at UBC is
getting used to the heavy-cage
mask and the CIAU rules which
include no red line or offsetting
penalties. Woodley has even managed to exploit the red line rule to
the tune of five assists this season,
one more than his entire junior
career.
His luck however, does not
appear to be getting any better. In
the season ending series against
Brandon, Woodley played well in
the first game as the T-Birds
clinched third place. In the second
game, Woodley sat out for the first
time since Christmas.
There were three NHL scouts
in the stands that night.
February 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/7 SPORTS
Track team triumphs;
'Birds best Bisons
By John Newlands
The men's middle distance
group had been promising all season to get on track—and they
saved it for the most opportune
time leading UBC's track & field
team to a stunning upset ofthe top
ranked University of Manitoba
Bisons at the Canada West Meet
in Edmonton on the week-end.
The UBC men dominated the
seven team university meet with
101 points, 12 more than second
place Manitoba.
Leading the way for the
middle distance team was Al Klassen who captured the honour of
Outstanding Male Performer with
his 16 point effort for UBC.
Klassen started his string by
winning the 1000 metre event
Friday night with a time of
2min:26.84sec. Teammate Shane
Bilodeau was second at 2:28.07.
Klassen then won the 1500m
event Saturday in 3:52.28, with
Bilodeau placing third with
3:55.79.
Both Klassen and Bilodeau
tired but they put it together one
more time to pace the 4x800m
team to a silver medal in a time of
7:53.92.
The middle distance team
wasn't finished yet as Brian Klassen finished second in the 3000m
event in 8:32.76, closely hounded
by teammate Larry Nightingale in
third place with 8:32.83.
T_ie men's jumping squad was
called upon to add to the points
total needed to put the T-Birds in
front of Manitoba to stay. In the
high jump, Andrew MacFarlane's
personal nemesis of 2.01m tripped
him up while teammate Phil Benson tied for second at 1.91m, also
well off his best.
UBC was involved in a very
thrilling longjump event however,
as 1cm separated the top 3 performers. Gord Walker from Manitoba, won the event with a jump of
6.92m, while UBC's Derek
Fournier in second and Byron
Jack in third, both jumped personal bests of 6.91m. Fournier
beat Jack based on their second
best jumps.
Jack still had more work to do
as he claimed third in the triple
jump with aleap of 14.37m. Teammate Derek Hansen claimed the
silver with a 14.44m jump.
The women's track and field
team finished fourth overall with
50pts in a controversy laden meet.
UBC's Jennifer Mawby was disqualified in the 600m event after
being charged with cutting in too
early and bumping another runner. Had Mawby won the appeal,
the points would have given UBC
third place overall.
Mawby had some measure of
revenge however, as she help pace
the women's 4x400m relay team to
a second place finish with a clocking of 3:59.25. Mawby also helped
the 4x800m relay team claim the
silver medal in a time of 9:19.58.
A highlight for the women's
team was Erica Forster's win in
the triple jump with a Canada
West record leap of 12.01m. Forster was then supposed to compete
in the longjump but a knee problem convinced her to save it for
nationals. This allowed teammate
Maureen McBride to claim the
bronze medal with a jump of
5.45m.
The women's middle distance
team, like their male counterparts, also saved their best effort
for the big meet. Teresa Rind
placed second in the 3000m with a
clocking of 9:54.87, scored points
with a 5th place finish in the
1500m event and helped the
4x800m relay team to a silver
medal finish in 9:19.58. Susan
Chalmers, who is still maturing as
a top level performer, was third in
the 1000m event in 2:53.86 and
also helped out in the 4x800m.
Both head coach Carmyn
James and men's coach Marek
Jedrejek were pleased with the
outstanding performances at the
Canada West Meet, and they were
especially proud of the men's
squad which hadn't won the overall title since 1986.
"This meet is friendly, all the
athletes and coaches know each
other, which makes for a good spirited competition," said Jedrejek.
However, both James and
Jedrejek know things will heat up
when the teams travel to Winnipeg for the national championships in two weeks.
Ski 'Birds advance to
NCSA championships
by Sandra Stephanson
Racing in splendid spring
snow conditions under clear skies,
alpine teams from the Western
Collegiate Ski Conference competed at Mt. Bachelor, Oregon this
past weekend.
The event was the Western
Regional Championships, a stepping stone for the top ten teams to
earn berths in the National Collegiate Ski Association (NCSA)
championships in Waterville
Vally New Hampshire, March 7-
10. The UBC men's alpine team
earned one of these berths.
The UBC men's ski'Birds
topped SFU (the only other Canadian team in the competition) in
both the slalom and giant slalom
with a sixth place finish in each
event, achieving an alpine combined result of 715.71 points for
fifth place. Western State College
of Colorado held top standing with
694.42 points.
Individually,   Chris   Gruber
was the top UBC finisher, cruising
down the 220m drop of the Thunderbird Slalom course in a time of
1:47.97 for 12th spot. Mark Batho
shredded the 65-odd gates to place
22nd in 1:50.39. Jeff Wilson contributed to the team standing with
a strong 32nd place finish.
The UBC women's team
placed eighth overall out of a tough
field of 16 schools, missing their
chance to match last year's ranking that took them to the nationals. The women's events were
dominated by the College of Idaho
with former U.S. national team
member Adele Allender sweeping
both the slalom and giant slalom.
UBC's Corey Henderson, who
was sixth in the NCSA championships last year, managed 11th and
20th in the slalom and GS respectively. T-birds Gillian Taylor,
Tammy Bexton, Wendy
Brookbank and Christine Piatt
aided the team's final standing
ahead of the ninth place SFU
women's team.
Volley 'Birds hit tough times
by Wayne King
TheUniversity of Victoria Vikettes defended the
Canada West title they have
owned for the past four years
last weekend at Victoria.
The match was a classic
clash of titans as both
women's teams have dominated their conference this
season.
Between the Vikettes
and the UBC Thunderbirds,
five of the six Canada-West
all-stars, the conference's
rookie of the year and its
most valuable player were
featured in the contest.
In Friday's match UBC
lost 15-7 15-2 15-5. UVic, as
every first class team seems
to do, got all the bounces.
"We played well defensively tonight," said UVic
head coach Patty Schlafen.
"Like Yogi Berra said, it ain't
over till it's over, and that's
the way our girls played every point tonight."
UVic racked up a seemingly easy 15-7 first game
victory before UBC mounted
a short-lived comeback.
But then Vikette Fiona
Moffat made a spectacular
save when she ran to the
UVic bench to retrieve a ball
that had come off their block.
The save kept the rally alive
as Moffat then served for
seven consecutive points and
gave UVic a 15-12 win and a
commanding 2-0 lead in the
match.
UVic   continued   their
dominance in the third game
for the; victory, paced by veteran Laura Melville's poised
play and her game-leading 13
kills. UBC's Sarah Cepe-
liauskas led the way for the
losers with 10 kills and 9 stuff
blocks.
The next night brought out
the Hyde in the T-birds and
they played superbly, evening
up the series at a match a piece.
But the Vikettes weren't
about to lay down and play
dead as they rallied back and
pushed the opening game to
the limit before UBC emerged
with a 17-16 victory.
Game two featured an aggressive style of play by the T-
Birds who made the necessary
adjustments from the night
before to handle the UVic attack as they rolled to an easy
15-5 victory behind the diversified attack executed by setter
Kyla Lee.
"Kyla played a really
poised game and did some
things that we've never seen
her do before," said Baydock in
reference to her setter's distribution and tricky tipping.
Game three was won by
the ungracious Vikette hosts
15-13.
With the momentum and
the crowd now on their side
UVic dominated game four and
eased their way to a 15-6 victory to force the fifth and deciding game.
UBC elected to have Victoria begin serving in rally point
and that strategy worked out
as the T-Birds got a side-out
and rolled off seven consecutive points which they
turned into a 15-12 victory
that force the third and deciding match.
"It was a total team effort tonight and that's what
it is going to take to beat this
team (UVic)," said Sarah
Cepeliauskas who contributed to the cause with 18
kills, seven stuff blocks and
three service aces. Jenny
Rauh, the Canada West's
rookie of the year added 16
kills.
The final match which
started right where match
two left off with tough rallies, aggressive blocking and
expert marksmanship.
UVic took the first two
games 15-10 and 15-6.
Game three was owned
by the T-Birds and they
fought their way back into
the match and despite some
inconsistent officiating, won
the game 15-9.
"The referee let too many
sloppy passes go tonight",
said Baydock. "These players are highly skilled and
some of the things they letgo
were obvious violations".
UVic took charge in
game four arid won 15-5—
their fifth Canada West
championship in as many
years.
Victoria now heads to
the national championships
as the Canada West champion while UBC advances to
the championship tournament as the wildcard team.
UBC Hawks square off with Vancouver Maralomas in second division action. Maralomas won 26 -12. Next
action for the Thunderbirds comes this Saturday against the Red Lions R.F.C. at 2:30 on Wolfson Fields.
UBC gymnasts place third in Alberta
Both men's and women's UBC
gymnastics teams placed third at
the Canada West gymnastics
championships in Edmonton last
weekend, with four gym "Birds finishing in the top-ten in all around
competition.
On the men's side, Chris
Stever placed third in the all-round
with a top eight finish in each ofthe
six men's events. Teammate Keith
Lockitch finished sixth in the all
around and sixth in both the pommel horse and the parallel bars.
Murray Reichmuth placed fourth
on the vault. The men's team finished third behind the University
of Calgary and the University of
Alberta.
The University of Alberta
dominated the women's competition and captured the top two all
around positions.
UBC's Patti Fumiss placed
third in the all around with a 34.65
score and rounded out events by
placing second on the vault, fifth
on the uneven bars, and sixth on
the balance beam. Chrissy Mit-
terndorfer placed seventh on the
floor exercise, and Hallie Lecker
placed third all around.
Both teams are looking forward to improving their performances for the national championships in Calgary on March 9-10.
8/THE UBYSSEY
February 27,1990 iJErafc$/or>iNi0N
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(9
Ubyssey letters
co-ordinator possessed by Satan?
I would not want to leave M.
Edwards and G. Wellman, or any
other interested Ubyssey readers,
with the impression that there is
one iota of substance to the misdirected, ill-informed, naive and
absurdly presumptuous attacks
these critics launched on my
letter(The Ubyssey, Jan 12) about
male violence.
It's not that I have nothing to
say in response. On the contrary, I
have submitted four distinct responses, of varying lengths, between Jan. 22 and Feb. 16. The
problem is entirely a matter of
editorial incompetence.
After my first three responses
failed to appear, I talked with editor Nadene Rehnby. She said that
two of my letters had not been
published because they exceed the
200 word limit, and the third had
been lost. I pointed out that many
letters exceeding this "limit" in
The Ubyssey, but she assured me
that the letters Co-ordinator had
made a new-found commitment to
it. She promised me that if I produced a letter of 200 words or less.
she would get itinto the next issue.
This I then did.
My (fourth) letter should have
appeared Feb.20. Instead, what do
I see? Well, 14 letters appeared in
that issue, 7 of which exceeded 200
words. One writer was allowed
almost 600 words, albeit split over
two letters.
Nor did my letter appear
Feb.23. Thisissue was even worse.
There we find 8 of 17 letters exceeding the 200 word "limit" —
including a cluster, amounting to
three full columns (1500 words),
all making the same obvious criticism of a letter by W. Collins; a
criticism, moreover, to which a
similar amount of space had been
devoted in previous issues! Instead of using a modicum of common sense to invoke closure on
this tempest in a tea-pot, the letters co-ordinator chose to title one
500 word letter "Collins again
(yawn)." (He also printed a 750
word letter in this issue, though
thankfully on a new topic.)
The fact'is, the letters co-ordinator does not have the sense to
apply a letters policy — which is
the best way to suppress a reasonable exchange of diverse views.
G_A. Brown
M.Sc. Commerce
(Ahem) Unfortunately for
Brown, he doesn't quite understand exactly how the letters process at this paper works and this is
reflected in the above letter, which
is nearly twice as long (at 355
words) as the lengths he would
have had us cut Ubyssey readers'
letters to to fit his in.
When a student comes in with
a letter, one of our staffers takes it
from them, ascertains that they
actually wrote the letter and places
it in the "to be typed" letter box.
Each new letter goes to the bottom
of this pile, so students who have
been waiting to have their letter
put into the paper will have the
first shot at print.
Letters in this box are typed
into our computer and put on file.
They are now ready to be edited (if
need be) and published, usually on
a first come, first serve basis.
Brown's problem can be
traced back to January. He has
written three, not four, replies for
the Ubyssey (I see all the letters
that make it into the box. I know. If
he wrote more, we never saw them).
The first letter was lost (it does
happen). Brown called the office
and spoke to Rehnby (bluntly, she
is wrong, just plain wrong, by the
way—there is no word "limit" on
letter submissions to The Ubyssey
and hopefully there won't have to
be. Letters over 200 words MAY be
edited to make them briefer, which
often happens for space reasons)
who told him to bring in a replacement letter which we would run.
Brown did bring in his letter
on Feb. 15th and, as I write, it sits
as the second letter to be typed into
the files so it may be printed. Had
Brown bothered to examine the
letters that ran in the last issue,
he'd have found most of them were
submitted at least one or two weeks
before his.
I find his comments on the
Collins letters also worth refuting.
I agree that much of what the engineers had to say was similar in
tone and intent. Yet his letter was a
reply to a reply to his original piece
that appeared in January (which
Mr. Brown fails to recall was also
over 500 words long, but which
went in unedited instead of being
cut by around half) while the engineers were replying to what they
perceived as a recent grievous insult to their faculty. All of their
letters came in before Brown's latest as well, which means that to be
fair, they should run first.
Here's how letter writers can
help us....
1. Please come into the Ubyssey's office (room 241K, SUB) to
type your letters directly into our
computers if you can. This will
save time for us and likely get your
letter into print somewhat faster,
because you will have helped us by
eliminating part ofthe process.
2. Don't handwrite letters,
because if letters are hard to read,
they don't get typed in as quickly.
Come in and use our computers if
necessary.
3. Don't bug the editors about
letters. Bug me, it's my job. They
haven't much to do with that part
of the paper. land the staffers who
help me can help you much better
than they can with the letters' section.
4. Ifyou submit longer opinion
articles, be prepared to wait until
we have room for them to run. Very
long pieces are often set aside for a
few weeks or longer. Brevity is a
virtue.
5. When asking us if the letter
has run, ask us if we 1) have lost it
2) have typed it onto a disk yet or 3)
whether there is a problem with the
content or size ofthe letter that has
stopped it from being published.
Don't be nasty or rude, because we
don't get paid for this.
6. A brief version of our letters
policy is printed in the letters blurb
every issue. We ran a longer version of it back in our Nov. 3,1989
issue. Please abide by it.
7. We print all the letters that
we can, but we are not obligated to
print all of them. Don't worry, as
we have only held about a dozen
letters all year (due to excessive
vacuity or repetitiveness).
If you have any suggestions
that you wish to offer for this section, just let us know.
The Ubyssey Letters Co-ordinator.
The letter in
question
Dear Edwards and Wellman,
Space limitations prevent me
from correcting all your errors, but
here's a start:
1. There's a BIG difference
between explaining male violence
(my concern) and "excusing" it
(your false imputation).
2. FACT: Males are much
more likely than females to suffer
physical violence (reported or not)
in their lifetimes.
3. FACT: seven of nine suicides between the ages of nineteen
and twenty-four, amounting to
eight daily, are MALE. Prof. Thompson believes this is "an escape
from what they see as the insurmountable demands of life." (UBC
Reports, Jan. 11) EITHER the
demands of life are not as great on
women; OR men are inherently
less stable—or, as I claimed, both.
Curiously, you seem to reject either explanation.
4. Males ARE more prone to
physiological and mental disorders, and ARE more predisposed
to aggression. Testosterone, and
not TV, undoubtedly contributes
to this difference. This does NOT
mean that its influence is uniformly evil. It DOES mean we
should be wary of heaping the
same expectations on all males;
AND that we must be more accepting of "inadequate" males.
5. My claim that social pressures contribute "in part" to
greater achievement by men does
NOT "completely ignore" all other
factors. The oppression of women
by men in the labour force just isn't
a cause for what I was trying to
explain.
G.A. Brown
M.Sc. Commerce
"I don't even know what
street Canada is on."
-Gangster Al Capone.
Tell your fellow students
the real poop on things. Help
with The Ubyssey. Room 241K,
SUB.
Education crisis plagues Africa
by Hai V. Le
Political instablity, sagging commodity prices, high
population growth rates, and
profligate arms spending,
have conspired to impede
Africa's development and
reverse some the of gains in
health, literacy, and standard of living made during
the 1960's - the decade of
nationhood.
One casualty is education.
Lack of funding is a
chronic problem. Elitism, sex
discrimination, urban/rural
inequality, to name just a
few, have plagued the pre-
university systems for years.
But great strides in making
the populace more literate
have been made.
In 1960, one woman in
twenty in Tanzania was literate. By 1980, that one woman
had become one in fourteen.
The average literacy rate
among African is 40 percent
in the 51 independent African states — a great improvement compared to that
ofthe pre-independence era.
In general, the post-secondary institutions are bet
ter run and given more priorities than the primary and secondary schools.
But the gains are about to
be wiped out as state after
state salvages its economy by
adopting economic austerity
program prescribed by the
International Monetary Fund.
The program calls for cutbacks
in government spending.
Afflicted by a civil war and
drought, Sudan, for instance,
can only devote six percent of
its yearly budget to higher
education. But that is barely
enough to pay for faculty salaries, let alone running the universities.
At Uganda's Makerere
University, faculty members
alternate between teaching
duties and their second jobs to
supplement their incomes that
are seriously eroded by triple-
digit inflation.
Like many of their
counterparts in Asia and Latin
America, the educational systems in many African states
are skewed in favor of the urban population. More schools,
better-trained teachers, lower
costof attendinginstitutions of
higher learning, characterize
the urban areas.
Most students in rural
areas are expected to get some
vocational training or lend
their parents a hand farming
or fishing after they finish
junior secondary school. But
those in the city are encouraged by their parents to finish
secondary school or attempt
university.
The education explosion
that began after independence, and the multi-lingual
nature inherent in most ofthe
countries, aggravate the weak
nesses in the system. Since
I960, elementary and secondary enrolment in many parts
of Africa quintupled — the
greatest growth worldwide.
The university enrolment in
Zimbawe, for instance, has
grown 400 percent since independence in 1980.
Another factor is the high
cost of running a university.
Year after year, we hear our
provincial government complain how much money it doles
out to UBC in the name of
higher education. But straining under growing debt (150
billion) and interest payments,
many states justsimply cannot
provide a satisfactory educa
tion to all.
Like France, many states
charge almost nothing or little
tuition fees and often subsidize
boarding costs. But the system
benefits only a small fraction of
high school graduates who can
afford to spend four years or
more with little or no incomes.
The majority have to find work
to support themselves or to
supplement the meagre incomes of their parents.
To ease the financial woes,
the World Bank has proposed
that the governments eliminate subsidies to students,
charge more tuition fees and
cut liberal arts courses that
don't contribute to development.
Making higher education
pays for itself sounds logical
enough but the majority of
qualified students simply cannot afford to pay more. Making
post-secondary education
more elitist means fewer qualified students attending universities. This in turn entails
enormous grave consequences
for the continent: fewer doctors, engineers, agronomists,
and technicians, to name just a
few.
But the biggest contributor to the decline of education
is neglect by one-party states
whose military and security
spending gobbles a large
chunk of the budget, leaving
little left for other sectors
such as health and education.
In this regard, both the
West and the Communist bloc
are also guilty. Their support
for murderous regimes and
arms sales to their respective
clients impoverish the continent and impede the pace of
development.
Like our premier, most of
the dictators barely finished
high school. They do not quite
appreciate the values of
higher education. Too often
education is viewed with distrust and given lip service by
governments, not only short
of money and trained manpower, but are also less than
enthusiastic about the prospects of a more educated
population demanding political rights and better government services.
In short, a combination of
many complex factors retards
the continent's educational
systems.
If Africa is to recover from
its present economic crisis,
more creative solutions have
to be sought. One of them is to
divert a substantial portion of
the continent's annual arms
purchase into something
more practical: education.
February 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/9 Leaving a
legacy?
So the Sandinistas lost. And the press trumpet that the winds of Eastern Europe are blowing in Latin America.
In many ways, the Nicaraguan people made
the best choice, because Chamorro's election
means the end of the devastating Contra war.
Nicaragua's economy is a mess. Besides the
obvious human and economic costs inflicted by
the contras, fifty per cent of national resources
went to the military in order to defend themselves from the U.S. proxy army. The U.S. trade
embargo also certainly had its effect.
This shows just how easy it is to destabilize
a country and defeat a foreign government. Just
take a bunch of assholes, add a few bucks and a
few guns.
UNO's rise to power means the alleviation of
these problems, because they are a government
that the United States will accept.
When the media says that the Sandinistas'
42.5 per cent ofthe popular vote was "eclipsed"
by UNO, remember that these 42.5 per cent
voted knowing full well that it meant the continuation ofthe contra war, along with all its implications.
"It's better to die on your feet than live on
your knees" (Dolores Ibbares, from the Spanish
Civil War)
Yet 51 cent cent ofthe eligible voters either
waivered or felt their interests were better represented by UNO which represents diverse
interests from Marxist-Leninists to Contra
sympathizers^.e. the middle and business
class).
Remember, too, that the U.S. bankrolled
UNO to the tune of over $12 million, far more
than the Sandinistas spent on the entire electoral process.
The Sandinistas are the first government in
Nicaragua's history to hand over power voluntarily.
The Americans can learn a few things about
democracy from the Sandinistas, after subverting the Sandinista state for the last ten years.
The Sandinista government will help set a
positive precedent in Latin America by handing
over power peacefully to an opposition party.
During the last ten years they have made great
strides in improving the country's literacy rate
and rural land use.
Whether the new government will continue
in that direction remains to be seen. The infiltration of U.S. companies, foreign control ofthe
market place, and a system geared towards the
prosperity of elites while ignoring the majority
of peasants is a very real threat that could occur
in the future.
Let us hope the advances made during the 10
years of the Sandinista revolution are not undone.
theUbyssey
February 27,1990
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bythe Alma MaterSociety
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301;  advertising, 228-3977;   FAX* 228-6093
Joe Altwasser, Joanne Nielson, Greg Davis, Paul Dayson, Keith
Leung, Chung Wong, Franka Cordua-von Specht, Michael Booth, Charles
Lugosi, Esther Besel, Imtiaz Popat, Sandra Stephenson, John Newlands,
Wayne King, Dale Fallon, Steve Chan, David Loh, Don Mah, Ernie Stelzer
and Ted Aussem all went skydiving naked. Rick Hiebert had a video camera.
Film at 11.
EDITORS
Joe Altwasser •  Franka Cordua-von Specht
Nadene Rehnby  •  Chung Wong  •  Keith Leung
STICK      IT    \ti
/
Letters
The wrong
message
As Arts undergraduates, we feel concerned
about the message put
across by the AUS during
Arts Week. To officially promote "Geer Stomping" is
simply to reverse the antagonism that has been
apparent on our campus.
This attitude is counterproductive and extremely
unfair to the many engineers who are not involved
in discriminatory practices.
Now is the time for all students to amend bigotry, not
uphold it. A publication like
"The AUS Version of The
Ubyssey" (Feb.20/90) does
not reflect the attitude of all
Arts students and it certainly is not an effective
method of approaching a
very serious problem.
Sincerely yours,
Alana Abbott
David Brow
Tamara Little
Andrew Macintosh
Paula Pryce
Amber Ridington
Lipscomb
wants cans
Dear UBC student,
Your AMS will provide
a return location for refundable cans soldin SUB. Starting some time wth week of
Feb 19, anyone will be able
to return cans to the attendant at Blaster's Arcade on
the SUB main floor. You will
receive 5 cents per can. The
cans will be taken to the
store room and ultimately
returned to suppliers to be
recycled.
In the future, we hope
to add the Games Room attendant in the SUB basement and to have both locations accept refundable
bottles in addition to cans.
I realize that certain
people earn their livelihood
from sorting through the
garbage and finding the
cans. The return deposit
will result in fewer cans
making their way into the
garbage for them to find
later. However, I hope that
the return depots will compensate for this by making it
easier for these people to
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters which are not typed will not be accepted. Letters over 200 words
may be edited for brevity. Please be concise. Content which is libelous, slanderous, racist, sexist, homophobic or
otherwise unift for publication will not be published. Please bring letters, with Identification, to our editorial office,
Room 241K, SUB. Letters must include name, faculty or department, year of study and signature.
return the cans that they do
find. In addition, these
people can return, to SUB,
cans that they find in other
buildings. The ultimate result of environmental action
is more natural wealth for
everyone.
I thank all the AMS
employees involved for their
cooperation with this move.
My long term goal is a
comprehensive waste reduction and recycling plan
for SUB. This is just one
small step.
John Lipscomb
Director of Finance
Hillel is sorry
At the conclusion of the
last term, Hillel House
sponsored a controversial
panel discussion entitled
"The Intifada: War Or Uprising". On both sides of this
issue there are strong feelings, for which Hillel attempts to provide a peaceful
forum for discussion. Unfortunately, sometimes when
dealing with controversial
issues people get carried
away. Following the program certain individuals
became heated and expressed hateful views.
The Hillel Student
Board apologizes for the offensive views expressed.
Importantly, the views expressed by those who attend
programs sponsored by
Hillel House are not the
views of Hillel House or its
members. Hillel is a non
partisan, pluralistic organization that has an open door
policy. We are an organization that promotes and believes wholeheartedly in
celebrating differences, plurality and freedom of expression. This means that
everyone is welcome to visit
Hillel at any time, attend
any program and may express their opinions freely.
But, let it be known, that
inappropriate behavior
such as the expressions of
racist beliefs will not be tolerated.
Since the unfortunate
event of last term, our Student Board has met to express their dismay at the
behavior of certain participants, and to find ways of
preventing such an occur
rence in the future.
On behalf of the Student Board, we invite everyone to visit Hillel, to experience its hospitality and participate in up-coming programs.
Hillel House
Student Board
Including this
letter?
In the recent articles
"Hicks deposed as AMS D of
A..." and "Hicks dethroned
as D of A", The Ubyssey
"reporters" stated that Andrew Hicks lost his position
as Director of Administration because ofthe decisions
of Student Court. However,
if anyone (including the
Justices of Student Court)
bothered to read the
Constitution, Bylaws and
Code of Procedure of the
AMS, he/she would realize
that according to Bylaw 5,
Article 3 (c) (i), there are
only three ways to remove
an executive from office:
1) by a 2/3 resolution of
Students' Council
2) by a general referendum
3) by a special resolution passed at a special general meeting held in accordance with Bylaw 3.
In other words, Student
Court has no power whatsoever to remove (impeach)
anyone from office.
Kids, don't believe everything you read in the paper.
Angela Pontikis
Arts 4
Unfortunately for
Angela, the AMS Code and
Bylaws prohibits people who
are not active members ofthe
AMS from holding executive
offices and that's what Student Court based their ruling on in the Hicks'case (not
that law students or Student
council, who accepted this
ruling, know what they're
doing, eh, Pontikis?). As a
former "SAC elections officer," she should know this.
Sorry Angela, thank you for
playing. You win a lovely
copy of our home game...
The Ubyssey Letters
Co-ordinator.
C'mere
Rover...
There is still a significant number of unneutered
and unspayed cats and dogs
which produce unwanted
litters in the summer that
have to be killed—there are
no homes for them.
The cost of spaying and
neutering is very low. Ifyou
know of anyone with an
open animal, please persuade them to spend the
very few dollars necessary.
Do not be responsible for the
birth of animals that are
just born to die.
Yours sincerely,
Michael Weeks
Executive Director
BCSPCA
Thanks
I would like to thank
the executive members of
Ross House, Place Vanier
and Nursing Undergraduate Society for their contributions of $300 and $135,
respectively, towards
Unicef-administered water
projects in Sudan.
Also thanks to Rajeev
Kamat, my friend, for his
immense help; Charles Redden for collecting donations
from various food outlets;
Nadene Rehnby for her efforts at The UBYSSEY; Jessica Mathers, Tippie Mak,
and the staff at the Ombuds
Office for their kind gesture;
the executive members of
Agriculture, Engineering,
and Nursing U.S. for taking
time out to collect donations, and those who gave.
Your help and gener-
sity are much appreciated.
The latest contributions —
$87.03 collected by staff of
the Ombuds office and the
other $435 — have pushed
the amount collected at
UBC to $3224.22, or 20.36
percent of the total raised.
To my friends who are
somewhat skeptical of my
efforts, may I remind you
that in view of the gravity
and urgent nature of the
civil strife, although not one
of us, the people, by virtue of
being humans, deserve our
help.
Hai V. Le
10/THE UBYSSEY
February 27,1990 LETTERS
Reader defends
free enterprise
Kurt Preinsperg's letter ("Capi-
talism't ain't perfect", The UBYS-
SEY.1990 Feb 2) can't be left unchecked. By what mental gymnastics he justifies propagating such
Marxist-leftist junk remains to be
explained.
Kurt knows nigh well that the
evils he attacks are not those of
'capitalism' but ofthe 'mixed economy'. To the extent that his criticism is valid, it is aimed at the
results of 'democratic socialism'.
His other potshots turn out to be
not faults, but virtues of 'capitalism'. Thus Kurt shoots himself not
in the foot, but both feet.
What we need is not "clearer
ideas how to improve and humanize capitalism" but a definition of
capitalism clearer than "widely
dispersed ownership ofthe means
of economic production...". This is
so, because 'capitalism' is, not an
economic, but a political system of
which the capitalist economy is a
corollary.
Properly defined, 'capitalism' is
the political system in which the
individual's rights are uncompromisingly recognised and never
violated by the government. These
rights include, the right to life,
liberty, property, free speech,
...and to bear arms to protect these
rights. And, yes, toxic agents
dumped on you or your property is
a violation of your rights.
A capitalist government provides national defense, the police,
the law courts, and that is all.
Funding is voluntary: there are no
taxes. The constitution forbids the
passage of laws that interfere with
intellectual and economic life.
Therefore, "the concentration of
economic power which translates
into political power and privilege"
and "the predatory stranglehold of
big corporations" are phenomena
of our mixed-up economy where
some corporations are legally exempt from 'dog-eat-dog competition'.
A "society in which ALL can
satisfy their needs for food, shelter, health care, education, security, respect and freedom" is a
society which praises the incompetent, rewards the unproductive,
and sanctions the looters. It is an
egalitarian society in which every-
The University of British Columbia
NO EXIT
by Jean Paul Sarte
a dramatic allegory
FEBRUARY 27 - MARCH 3
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LAUNCH YOUR CAREER HERE
one is cut down equally to the
lowest level. It leads to "the deformation of human personality and
the erosion of human relationships" as in welfare ghettoes. It is
a society diametrically opposed to
capitalism, and opposed to the
fundamental nature of man: a
selfdirected sovereign entity capable of reason and pride in his
achievements.
An example of "the capitalist
climate of relentless change" is the
computer revolution. Would Kurt
have laws passed to slow down
innovation so that next year's
computer does not make last
year's obsolete? Should we create a
climate where slide rule manufacturers compete on an 'equal footing* with HP? Are Apple PCs an
example of "the overproduction of
luxury items for some"? Should
IBM be dismantled because its
400,000 employees generate revenue close to East Germany's GNP?
Do facts like these give Kurt
"emotional upheaval and [a] pervasive sense of insecurity"?
Perhaps Kurt is suffering from
"chronic social tensions" when he
rides the bus and spots a fellow
BoG rep driving a BMW. But then
again, the cause may be his "overemphasis on material values", or,
"discontent resulting from [his]
artificially created desires".
Dusan Milatovic
UBC alumn '78
Remember Iran
victims
The Islamic regime of Iran
has finally been forced to accept
the visit of the Human Rights
Committee of the United Nations
in order to investigate the conditions of political prisoners and
Human Rights in Iran. However,
not only has the regime accepted
this visit under international
pressure, but more so after a
massive execution of political prisoners in Iran. There can be no
doubt that the Islamic regime
wants to use this event as a false
"democratic" gesture in international communities.
In this regard, a group of the
families of political martyrs and
prisoners have gathered around
the United Nations' Committee in
Tehran and they refuse to leave
before visiting with the represen
tatives of this committee.
We ask all the democratic
people to support these families
and their just demands which are
as follows:
1. Freedom of all political
prisoners.
2. Public revelation of the
conditions of current political prisoners, in addition to the revelation
of all the names of those who have
been executed in the prisons.
3. Stoppage to arrestation
and oppression of various alternative thinkers.
4. Making all the political
trials open to public.
5. Stoppage to the oppression
of national and religious minorities in addition to an immediate
stoppage to the violent suppression of Women's Rights.
We ask all concerned people to
take creative action in support of
Iranian  political   prisoners  and
their families, such as asking the
media for coverage of these news,
and writing letters to Canadian
authorities in request for putting
pressure on the Islamic regime.
The Iranian Fedayees
(Majority)
Vancouver, B.C.
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VANIER
Phyllis Ross
AkJyen Hamber
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10 Dorothy Mawdstey
TOTEM
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12 Haida Brothers
13 Kwakiutl Brothers
14 Salish Brothers
15 Nootka Brothers
16 Shuswap Brothers
TOTEM
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Floors:
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A 1-4 E 1 -4     11-4
B 5-8 F 5-8      J   5-8
C 9-12 G 9-12    K 9-12
D 13-16 H 13-16 L  13-16
GAGE APARTMENTS
23 Lower 2 floors
24 Upper 2 floors
February 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/11 Newspaper's staff
impeached
by Heidi Modro
MONTREAL (CUP) — The
entire staff of l'Universite du
Quebec a Montreal's student
newspaper was impeached
Feb. 19 for being "a threat to
student unity at the university."
The move came two days
after the student council
representing arts and literature students at UQAM impounded the latest issue of
the bi-weekly newspaper,
IAJnit_, saying it contained
"biased"
reporting.
The
council
singled
out articles pertaining to
the debate
going on
at UQAM
about
whether
students
should    	
join    the
province-wide student strike
Feb. 28 to protest Quebec's
upcoming tuition hike.
Arts and literature students have decided to join the
strike, but only if other faculty student councils agree.
LTJnite' came out strongly for
a strike—even if other councils decide not to.
Charles Benoit, an impeached member of the paper's editorial collective, said
the council's action is an attack on freedom ofthe press.
They wanted the editorial collective to lie down and
pretend that there actually
was some kind of unanimity
within  the  student  move-
MEDIA
ISSUES
ment," Benoit said.
"They didn't want us to
say that the associations
strategy was leading to a disaster."
There is little chance of
unanimity, he said, but
those students who want to
strike should be allowed to.
I/Unite" has been having
problems with the council
since last summer, when the
paper's office was taken over
by the council to make way
for a meeting room.
The paper
was produced out of
B e n o i t' s
apartment
after ward.
Council
president
Andre Gagnon said the
impeachments were
justified because "student unity"
mustbekept
strong on campus as preparations continue for a province-wide student strike.
"The issue in question
contained misleading information that threatened the
general mood of a tuition
hike strike on campus," Gagnon said at the impeachment meeting. The paper's
staff was not allowed speaking rights at the meeting.
"What we are doing is
democratic," Gagnon said.
"How much more democratic
can we get? The student
newspaper is accountable to
students and therefore the
student association board of
directors."
No Greens allowed
at atlantic university
ST. JOHN'S (CUP) — The Green
Party isn't "mainstream" enough
for Memorial University's student
council.
In a unanimous vote Feb. 7,
the council decided not to give the
party official status, which would
have made it eligible for a budget
and an office.
Council executive Wade
Brake said the council decided to
ratify only groups representing
"mainstream" parties because
they would have more clout when
it came to educating politicians on
issues that concern students.
"Once we ratify one minor
political party everyone will come
to us," Brake said. "We had to put
a cap on it somewhere.
"Our funds are limited," he
said. "If we were to ratify every
group that approached us, we'd
have to raise student fees."
But the group trying to set up
the chapter says it will continue to
the fight for recognition.
"It's important to have another political party coming from
an entirely different point of view
than that ofthe three big parties,"
said Michael Stowe, a member of
the group.
Stowe also questioned the
council's assessment ofthe Green
Party's influence.
"There are at least nine university campuses in Canada with
ratified Green Parties, and some
of them are very large groups," he
said.
"We're here to stay, and the
sooner people realize that the better."
College executives resign
MONTREAL (CUP) — Following
the resignation of the president
and treasurer, Vanier College's
student council has been put under trusteeship.
An investigation by the college revealed the two had purchased $50,000 worth of stocks,
authorized changes to give themselves signing authority for
cheques of up to $25,000, and
applied for a Visa credit card with
a $10,000 limit, said Joe Zema-
novich, Vanier's director of student services.
Although the decisions were
not cleared by the rest ofthe coun
cil, "there does not seem to be any
obvious evidence of pocketing
(money themselves)," Zemanovich
said.
He said the college will "make
sure there is no (further) abuse."
After the allegations of financial mismanagement were made
public, president Mario Iannitto
and treasurer Paul Giannetti resigned Dec. 22.
The college has taken control
of the council's bank account and
future financial transactions will
have to be cleared, Zemanovich
said.
Evan Caradreadis, the new
interim president, refused to comment on the issue. "Our lawyer has
told us we can't comment on the
case right now," he said.
According to a press release
issued by the new executive ofthe
council, Iannitto has offered to
"return the money that belongs to
the VCSA" if the college agrees to
an out-of-court settlement.
He wants "an official version
of events be drawn up with his
input, and that all persons involved put out precise and not
dubious and unfounded
allegations," the press release
said.
Drug war takes aim at US campuses
(CPS/CUP) — Two U.S. states
may force students to sign statements declaring they are "drug-
free" before they can enroll.
Under the proposal, students
in Nebraska and Georgia who are
convicted of a drug offence would
have to go into rehabilitation. On
their second offence, students
would be kicked out of school.
Students would only be readmitted after the second offence if
they prove they are rehabilitated.
The plan hasn't gone over well
with many students.
"It's absurd to single out students," said Nebraska University
student council executive Deb
Fiddelke. "Education shouldn't be
used as a political weapon."
Anti-drug efforts have been
intensified on other fronts in the
U.S. recently.
A bill has been introduced in
Illinois that would give preference
in awarding financial aid to stu
dents who provide a clean urine
sample. Under the plan, students
who come up clean would get preference over an equally qualified
applicant who refuses to take the
test.
Already, students who get
federal grants have to sign a statement promising they don't and
won't use illegal drugs.
Additionally, college officials are
required to have some kind of antidrug program in place.
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12/THE UBYSSEY
February 27,1990

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