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The Ubyssey Mar 11, 2005

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Array  "i
Friday, March 1 1, 2005
WOUien S ISSUe       a ubyssey special issue
to Occupation of Iraq ! Saturday, March
19th,  12:00 noon @ Vancouver Art
Gallery (Georgia St. @ Howe).
binational, revolutionary workers party!
Tuesday, March 22, 5:30pm . UBC SUB
Ireland" by BC advenrurers Maria Coffey
and Dag Goering takes you into the heart
of rural Ireland with unforgettable images
ofa lifestyle that is fast disappearing. Mar.
15 + 16, 7:30 pm, Tom Lee Music Hall,
929 Granville $ 15 at door $ 12 advance at
Travel Bug
SMALL JOBS, custom lamps from
scratch, bookcase assembly, toy trains
wired. Sue 604-736-9343.
YOUR ROOM? I am seeking
furnished accommodation from May
1 to September 1, 2005. Colse to SFU,
groceries and transportation. On-site
laundry and internet ready preferred. E-
mail: mI_renter@hotmail.com
May 1. Spacious 3 bedroom jplus
den. Located in the UBC village,
near McDonalds. Email: lindsey.
1978 VOLVO 244 DL. "$1500 o.b.o
190,000 km, freshly tuned, new speakers
& CD deck, extra snow tires, Thule roof
rack with ski/snowboard bike & surfboard
carriers, very reliable - no current repairs
or service needed. Call Rad 604.736.3543.
MUSIC STUDENT? Composer? Need
extra cash? If you own a pro tools rig or
any other kind of composing software
and have a good sample library, you could
make $40 to $50/hr. or more. Interested?
For more info e-mail
caaemic services
theses, letters, statements. Online, fast,
professional. "We provide a no-charge
demonstration in advance. WWW.
CHECKEDIT.COM checkedit@cogeco.
ca (905) 335-3192
PASSING THE LPI? Term Paper marks
dragging down your grades? Get help
from DIANNE call (604) 662-8775
GROCERY STORE. Find snacks, fresh
produce, ready-made- meals, baked goods
and more on the lower level of the SUB.
Open 11-6 Monday ro Friday.
omnteer upporiuniiies
warerused as propane no C02. RESIST
604-314-6304 (hydrogensystemsresearch
Resource Group for gay, lesbian, bisexual,
transgendered students and allies. Visit
our website for events and info!
LESSONS. BMus. (UBC), Master of
Music (C.U.New York); On campus
discount. Instrument rental available.
Mike Dowler (778)893-2154
Looking lor a roommate?
Got something tosell?
Or just have an announcement
If you are a student you can
place classifieds for FREE!
For more information.
Visit Room 23 in
tiie SUB (basement)
or call 822-1654.
Caring. Technology.
Career opportunities.
At BCIT we offer a unique blend of academic
learning and applied skills — a different path
of learning.
As a radiation therapist, you'll work in a
dynamic high-tech environment delivering
care and treatment to cancer patients.
BCIT is now accepting applications for the
September 2005 program.
You can earn your degree and have a career in
Radiation Therapy in less than three years. If you
have one year of university with Math, English
and Physics, and 40 hours of volunteer service,
this may be the program for you.
Application deadline: March 31
For more information:
toll-free 1-800-663-6542 ext 6923
The path you choose can make all the difference.
Monthly Breast Self-Exam
Your breast self-exam should be done the same time every month, 7-10 days after
the start of your period if menstruating. If not, use a fixed day each month.
One way to examine your breasts is using the clock method (see
Fig. A}. Pretend your breast is a clock. Using the flat pads of your
fingers, press gently but firmly in small overlapping circles. Start at
12 o'clock right below your collarbone and move towards the
nipple. Oo not miss an "hour". Also, carefully examine the area
between the breast and the armpit, as that area also contains
breast tissue. Switch arms and repeat with the other breast.
In the Shower
Raise one arm placing your hand behind
your head (see Fig. B). Use your right
hand to examine your left breast and your left hand for your right
breast. With your fingers flat and soapy, check every part of each
breast using the circular motion. Gently feel for a lump or thickening.
Before a Mirror
Begin with your arms at your side and then
raised above your head, looking carefully for        figure b
changes in the size, shape and contour of each breast Look for
puckering, dimpling, or changes in skin texture, colour or rashes.
Check your nipples for any changes, such as whether they have
become pulled in.
With your hand on your hip. tense and push
that arm forward to make a pocket under
the arm (see Fig. C). Check this area. Repeat
on the other side. Use this same method to
check each breast when lying down.
With your arm resting on a firm surface (see Fig. D}, use the same
circular motion to examine the underarm and side rib cage area.
Lying Down
You must also examine your breasts lying down. To balance
your breast on your chest, place a towel or pillow under your
right shoulder and place your right hand behind your head
(see Fig. E). Use your left hand to examine your right breast.
Repeat on the other side.
Start screening for breast
cancer before the age of forty
by Liz Green
One in nine women will develop
breast cancer in her lifetime. If
you're part of the average university demographic of women in your
late teens or early to mid-twenties,
you're probably not too concerned.
Here's why you should be thinking
about this now.
Twenty-one per cent percent of
breast cancer cases occur in women
under 50. In recent years, breast
cancer education has promoted
early awareness and monitoring
for this reason. The smaller the
lump, and the earlier it is found,
the greater your chances for survival. In younger women the
lumps are sometimes harder to
find, meaning that when the cancer
is detected, it is often advanced
and extremely aggressive, making
it harder to treat and more likely to
"It is extremely important for
younger women to do breast self-
exams every month and to get to
know their bodies in order to learn
the changes in their breasts," says
Lucas Berube, an Arts major at
UBC and Tour Coordinator for the
Telus Tour for the Cure. The tour is
an interactive public education
exhibit, traveling across BC, promoting the value of screen mammography and breast cancer
The thing about younger
women is that the tissue in their
breasts is more dense, making
lumps often harder to find, says
Berube, echoing the information
from the Canadian Breast Cancer
Foundation (CBCF). This is why
women are not usually recommended to get mammograms until
they are in their 40's. But monthly
breast self-exams are highly recommended as well as getting a
yearly check from your doctor.
Lifestyle also has a huge impact
on your chances of getting breast
cancer, states Berube. "Onlv 5 tolO
per cent of breast cancer is genetically inherited, so there's a lot
women can do to reduce their risk,
like living a healthy, active
lifestyle," he said.
This includes not lighting up.
"Smoking in younger women
increases their chance of getting
breast cancer by 70 per cent," says
While there are other things,
which are thought to contribute
to increased likelihood of breast
cancer, causes do not include your
antiperspirant, tampons or a tight
In combination with breast self-
exams, checks from your doctor,
and mammograms when it is
appropriate, it is also important to
keep the role of genetics in mind.
Even though it is not the most
prevalent factor, it is important to
be extra aware of breast cancer if it
tends to run in your family.
Still not convinced that it is
something you should be worried
about? Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in
women 15-40 and it has been
increasing incrementally.
Things to look for include
lumps which persist through the
menstrual cycle; changes in the
size, shape or contour of the
breast; unusual discharges;
changes in the texture or shape of
the skin on the breast; and marblelike hardened areas under the
skin, even lumps as small as a pea.
If you catch it early, you have a
much higher chance of survival.
It's never too early to be aware of
your own body, and it's important
to be aware of breast cancer as
early as possible. & J*J»
a ubyssey special issue      WOHieri S JSSlie
Friday, March 1 1, 2005
Friday, 11 March, 2005
Vol.LXXXVI  N°42
Women's issue Coordinators
Sara Norman
Carrie Robinson
Megan Smyth
Editorial Board
coordinating editor Jesse Marchand
news editors Sarah Bourdon
Dan McRoberts
culture editor Ania Mafi
sports editor Eric Szeto
features/national editor Alex Leslie
photo editor Nic Fensom
photos@ubyssey.bc ca
production manager Michelle Mayne
volunteers Carrie Robinson
research/letters Paul Evans
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is published every Tuesday and Friday
by The Ubyssey Publications Society. We are an autonomous,
democratically run student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the Ubyssey staff. They
are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey Publications Society or the
University of British Columbia. All editorial content appearing in
The Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey Publications Society.
Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the expressed, written permission
of The Ubyssey Publications Society.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press
(CUP) and adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. Please include
your phone number, student number and signature (not for
publication) as well as your year and faculty with all submissions.
ID will be checked when submissions are dropped off at the
editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done
by phone. "Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but
under 750 words and are run according to space. "Freestyles" are
opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be
given to letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is
time sensitive. Opinion pieces will not be run until the identity of
the writer has been verified. The Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
submissions for length and clarity.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified advertising
that if the Ubyssey Publications Society fails to publish an
advertisement or if an error in the ad occurs the liability of the
UPS will not be greater than the price paid for the ad. The UPS
shall not be responsible for slight changes or typographical errors
that do not lessen the value or the impact of the ad.
Room 24, Student Union Building
6138 Student Union Boulevard
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1
tel: 604-822-2301
fax: 604-822-9279
web: www.ubyssey.bc.ca
e-mail: feedback@ubyssey.bc.ca
Room 23, Student Union Building
advertising: 604-822-1654
business office: 604-822-6681
fax: 604-822-1658
e-mail: advertising@ubyssey.bcca
business manager Fernie Pereira
ad sales Dave Gaertner
ad design Shalene Takara
Michelle Mayne was surprised to find a hobgoblin in the office.
Jesse Marchand and Claudia Li weren't sure how it got in, but Sara
Norman said it came from the sink. Ania Mafi and Nic Fensom were
disgusted by its presence but named it"Dan McRoberts." Eric Szeto
thought it was cute and wanted to keep it, but Alex Leslie intervened. Megan Smyth and Sarah Bourdon wanted to give it to the
SPCA. Carrie Robinson knew it wasn't an animal. Matt Hayles and
Jesse Ferreras agreed. Jordana Greenblatt and Jordana Deveau
were too distracted by the fact that they shared a name to notice
the hobgoblin in the first place. The following people were all
eaten by the hobgoblin: Jenn Cameron, Liz Green, Amanda Truscott
and Begum Verjee.
cover design Michelle Mayne
comic Erin Norman
Canada Post Sales Agreement
Number 0040878022
Why do we still need a
women's issue when equal
rights are well on their way?
Can women score as
high as men?
Recently, Lawrence Summers, the
president of Harvard University,
suggested that women lack the
"innate ability" to compete with
men in the fields of science and
mathematics. Ideas like these
remind us that even in a forward-
thinking environment, some people
still hold views that women are
Therefore, awareness about
women's intellectual capacity
needs to be further discussed and
assurances made so that females
receive support in traditionally
male-dominated fields. The importance of organisations such as The
Canadian Association for Girls in
Science (CAGIS) cannot go
unrecognised. CAGIS recently
opened an office in Vancouver to
provide school-age girls access and
support in their development of
science related skills. The continuation of organisations supporting
women in science hold an integral
part in the implementation of
women's issues in the minds of
younger generations.
Can we ignore women's
rights violations during
Outside of the Western world,
women's rights are violated in a
harsher manner. At the 1995 United
Nations (UN) conference on
progress, it was reported that
although equality laws and regulations are in place, women are still
subjected to human rights violations. In the Eastern Congo of
Africa, women and underage
females numbering in the tens of
thousands have been reported to be
raped and beaten by regional soldiers and military personnel, as
well as UN peace keepers.
The pursuit of violators in the
Congo proves difficult due to lack
of legal enforcement resources, corrupt criminal courts, outdated laws
and the belief that rape is not a
crime. Such alarming situations
need to be brought to the attention
of the worldwide population, and
measures need to be taken to prevent future human rights violations
of this nature.
Can women be forced
into the sex trade?
Due to legalisation of prostitution
in Germany, women seeking unemployment benefits can be forced to
work in the sex trade. In order to
qualify for unemployment benefits
women must prove that they cannot find any job. Since the legalisation of prostitution, any woman
under the age of 55 seeking unemployment assistance, must explore
prostitution as a potential job
before they qualify for the government aid. The legalisation of jobs
that require women to sell their
bodies is a step backward for
Can women achieve
equality in politics?
Habiba Sarobi, the first female
head of an Afghani province,
Bamiyan, states that her position of
power is a step forward. She adds
that her appointment to power,
however, does not reflect an
increase in the quality of life
for women in Afghanistan.
Realistically, women's literacy
rates are 14 per cent lower than
men's, and the Afghani society
remains male-dominated.
The advancements in women's
progress must be acknowledged
and celebrated. So why are
women's issues still relevant in the
new millennium? Because as long
as women's rights are being violated, women's issues still need to be
addressed. &
Watch your drinks
Safety is an issue that concerns all of us. Unfortunately,
drink spiking, sexual assault and violence rooted in
racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, and other prejudices are a reality on our campus. We must raise
awareness about these issues and work together
towards their prevention.
It is important to note that while there are some
things you can do to increase your personal safety, you
are never to blame if a drink spiking or sexual assault
happens to you.
Some tips that can help you he safer both on and off
• Get informed: educating yourself about safety issues
and safety services is a great first step. Talk to friends,
family and professors about their experiences. If you
have to be on campus late or by yourself, use AMS
SafeWalk or the Security Bus to get around.
• Follow your intuition and use your common sense. If
something feels like it is not right, listen to your
• Try not to share drinks or drink from communal beverages (i.e. punch bowls).
• Try not to accept drinks from someone you don't
know or don't know well.
• Bring your own drinks if possible.
• Watch your drink—try to bring it with you if you get
up to smoke, dance or go to the bathroom or wait
until you have finished your drink. Remember,
drink spiking can also occur while drinking nonalcoholic beverages.
• Use the buddy system: talk to your friends before a
night out and discuss your plans. Try to leave a
social gathering with friends you trust or arrange to
take a cab with someone beforehand. Watch out for
your friends while you are out.
—Jordana Deveau 7    "'* >•    V-
/    Friday, March 11, 2005
WOmen S ISSUe       a ubyssey special issue
Only staff members can vote. Jo become staff
make 3 contributions (articles, photos or
proofreading) and attend 3 out of 5 consecutive
staff meetings.
Sine* ISSS""
Screenings @ Norm Theatre in SUB
Admission: $3 and Membership: $20
Film Society Hotline: (604) 822-3697
Friday, March 11 to
Sunday, March 13
7:00pm Phantom of the Opera
9:30pm Kinsey
Copies Plus
CO    P   Y     H     I   H   A   G   i   N   G,    C   £   N   T   R ,.E.
1950 West Broadway
Vancouver, BC
Canon Digital Copiers
• Fast & Easy to use * Auto Sort. Feed, Staple, doubleside • resize 25% - 400%
• 20lb Xerox brand paper ♦ Black & white • 8.5x11 ea. side
• Xtra cost for legal & tabloid • Plus P.S.T & G.S.T Sale ends March 17/05
Quality Digital Printing and Copying Services
IVIorv to Fri 8am-9pm •Sat to S un 10am-6pm
Women, or Womyn?
Groups adopt different spellings to separate from men
by Megan Smyth
If you look up the word women in
the dictionary, only one spelling
can be found. This may change, as
many females and feminist groups
are adopting and using different
spellings of the word and its various forms.
Womyn is a relatively new term
used by those who want to take the
men out of the word women. Many
people argue that removing "men"
from "women," and using the term
womyn, allows for females to exist
as their own entity without reference to men.
By taking the men and man out
of women and woman, we are
emblematically affirming that we
do not need men to be complete.
Language shapes perceptions
about gender and gender roles,
and therefore many feminists
believe that the current spelling of
women does not give great value
to females.
Many other alternative spellings
for women are currently popping
up in feminist writing. Other
spellings include the plural "wim-
min," as well as "womban."
The spelling womban developed in order to acknowledge the
womb, and give reference to the
act of birth, a biological act that
only someone with two X chromosomes can accomplish. Thus
womban emphasises the value of
the female bringing new life into
the world.
A common singular form
showing up in modern literature
is womon. This spelling allows a
writer to refer to only one person,
while still removing any direct
connotation with the concept
of man.
All of these spellings surfaced in
an effort to heighten awareness of
women's issues and achieve political correctness. Feminists view the
use of these new words as a step
towards correcting biases buried
deep within the English language.
What about other languages?
Spanish, for instance, uses the
word hombre for man and mujer
for woman. The Spanish word
for woman does not contain the
word man. Is this problem of
gendered words only found in
The current spelling of female
may also cause problems. Female
includes the word male, and if the
objective of the word womyn is to
remove the men, then shouldn't
female try to remove the male?
Feminists declare that changing
the spelling of women and woman
allows for the reclamation of a
term that over history has been
used to discriminate and oppress.
Using womyn tells the world that
we do exist separately from men,
and forces society to acknowledge
the differences that gender imposes on life experiences.
In the end it should be a
woman's right to choose whether
she prefers to use the spelling
womyn or wimmin or womban or
womon or women. $&
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Ubyssey AGM
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•'HIstbry'CD (wito^
•limited Edition vinyl Wr Hi - The ned Room npm)
•Pair of concert tickets Aprilz-tflesaliiM
I SAW THE NEW SIGN: The Womyn's Centre provides a respectful
space for diversity and awareness on campus, nic fensom photo
Expanding our community
The Womyn's
Centre has plenty
to offer for a
variely of people
by Milena DeVito
In case you haven't noticed, the
AMS Womyn's Centre has changed
our signage. Our sign reads:
"Welcome to the AMS Womyn's
Centre. This space is for womyn-
idenofied people, trans-identified
people, and intersex people. Thank
you for respecting this!"
First off, a few basics. We
believe that people have the right
to choose their own gender expression. Gender is a social construct
based on stereotypes that are
imposed by patriarchal systems, in
which "maleness" and masculine
qualities are given privilege over
"femaleness" and female qualities.
Patriarchal structures have been in
place historically, and shape social,
economic, and legal opportunities
based on gender. The patriarchal
structure of society enforces the
distinction between male and
female gender expressions.
However, we all have the choice to
identify our own gender expression, and to choose which qualities
and characteristics we wish to display. The male/female binary distinction-making process is also
present in discriminations based
on race, class, ability, and other
intersecting oppressions.
The issues surrounding gender
identification, expression and biological gender are controversial. In
making our decision to be trans-
and intersex-inclusive in the
womyn's centre space, we are
responding to the absence of intersex and trans-inclusive safe space
at UBC.
The womyn's centre space is
designated as a refuge from patriarchal oppression. It was created
as a "womyn-only" space to challenge    the    gender    oppression
intrinsic to all public space, a
topic that remains controversial in
itself. We believe that this very
oppression discriminates against
all people who do not identify as
male-born and male identified.
With the Womyn's Centre space,
we do not want to use the tools of
patriarchal oppression, based on
binary gender expression, to
exclude based on identity with
the gender categories as prescribed by this system.
The Womyn's Centre space is a
community space. People access it
for a number of reasons: for some
quiet time, a nap, lunch with
friends, or for resources. It is a safe
space, an empowering space. Our
recent expansion towards including intersex and trans-identified
people in the space strengthens
our community and reflects diversity on campus.
Throughout history, activists
have challenged the exclusion of
certain groups from the feminist
movement—people of colour, and
queer people, for example. The
Womyn's Centre is continuing this
process and reflects evolving perspectives  in  the   feminist  move
ment today.
So, who can use the space? Use
of the space is and has always been
contingent upon respect. The community that uses the space represents a diverse group of people.
Those in the space negotiate within
this diversity, and are expected to
respect each other. This same policy
of mutual respect and awareness of
the Womyn's Centre as a safe space
from oppression applies to the
inclusion of trans and intersex-
identified people in the space.
The Womyn's Centre strives to
support all people who experience
gender-based oppression on campus by providing a safe space in
which to gather, rally and effect
change. The space is intended as a
site of empowerment that builds a
strong community. The Womyn's
Centre also serves to empower the
entire campus community, and
hosts theme weeks and events open
to all genders. If you would like to
get involved, please contact us by
dropping by the office (open to all
genders), or the space, (245 G and
H) or by phoning (604-822-2163) or
by e-mailing us at (womencen-
tre@ams.ubc.ca). 4$
■Mi-- % - -?:
a ubyssey special issue      Women's JSSUe
Friday, March 1 1, 2005
Diane-35: less than perfection
Prescribed for birth control, controversial drug generates concern
by Sarah Bourdon
Drinking tea made from dried
beaver testicles sounds like a highly
unsavoury method of birth control—fortunately this practice, used
long ago by women who thought it
prevented pregnancy, has been
improved on with the introduction
of modern methods of contraception. Although testicle tea is off the
menu, researchers want to remind
women to choose carefully when
selecting a method of birth control
and to make sure that what they are
using is safe and has received the
approval of organisations such as
Health Canada.
One drug has raised particular
controversy, and has inspired a UBC
researcher to take action. Diane-35, a
medication designed to combat
severe acne, has been prescribed
and marketed as a birth control pill
though it is not approved for that
purpose and poses health risks to its
users, according to epidemiologist
Barbara Mintzes.
Mintzes, along with several colleagues, recently sent an official
complaint to Health Canada opposing a new string of commercials
marketing the drug. The advertisements, which ran throughout
February on popular television
channels such as MuchMusic,
Global and CTV, implies that the
drug can be used as birth control,
said Mintzes.
"Diane-35 is a hormonal drug
that has only been approved in
Canada for treatment of severe
acne that failed to respond to other
acne treatments such as oral
antibiotics, and that is accompanied by signs of hormonal imbalance," she said. "[The ad] shows
young girls preening in front of the
mirror and twirling umbrellas and
makes the decision to use this drug
look similar to the decision to buy
a new lipstick or a cosmetic cream
at a drug store."
This is not the first time Diane-35
"[THE DlANE-35 AD]
-Barbara Mintzes
UBC Epidemiologist
has generated opposition—the
drug's manufacturer, Berlex, was
twice ordered by Health Canada to
issue warnings to Canadian physicians and pharmacists about Diane-
35's possible risks, which include
potentially fatal blood clotting and
liver problems. Diane-35 is the suspected cause of eight deaths in
Canada, according to Mintzes.
"We would like the company to
pull the ads immediately," she said.
"As this is the third major advertising campaign for Diane-35 aimed at
the Canadian public since its
approval in 1998, we would also like
to see Health Canada fine the company and require them to pay for
corrective advertising."
The ad closes with an image of
the Diane-35 package, which closely resembles the packaging used
for birth control pills, according to
Mintzes. More troubling, the ad
portrays the drug as a solution for
mild acne, suggesting that young
women desiring clear skin should
use the potent drug, she added.
"They are hoping that teenage
girls will ask their doctor for a
prescription for Diane-35. This
type of ad builds brand image.
The idea is for you girls to relate
to the brand as 'cool' and to
remember the name."
However, this message is very
harmful in light of the risks associated with the drug.
"An internal Health Canada
memo before the drug was
approved says that the reason the
approved use was so restricted was
to prevent widespread population
exposure because of safety concerns," said Mintzes, adding that
Diane-35 has never been approved
in the United States, and in
Canada, Berlex's inital application
for approval was turned down.
Diane-35's manufacturers do not
deny that it can be used as a contraceptive, though they state that the
drug is not intended exclusively for
that purpose.
"Diane-35 is an acne medication, its focus is acne. But we know
that this product, even though it
should not be prescribed solely for
that purpose, is effective as an oral
contraceptive," said a spokesperson from the company. "Normally
physicians will prescribe this to
patients who have acne situations
and require contraception at the
same time. While you're taking
Diane-35, you are not to use any
other type of estrogen/progesterone combination because it's
already in there."
Women's health advocates at
the Canadian Women's Health
Network (CWHN) and Women
and Health Protection are hoping
that the complaint they have sent
to Health Canada will result in
improved   drug  monitoring  in
"The fact that there's a drug that
has an increased risk profile, for
something that's not a life threatening event—acne is not a life threatening event—that's more than a little controversial," said Kathleen
O'Grady, a spokesperson for the
CWHN. "That's something that we
think Health Canada needs to take
action on, they need to focus on
monitoring, and making direct consumer advertising clearly illegal.
This is not just selling cookies and
cars to people."
When it comes to choosing birth
control pills, Mintzes advises making sure the chosen drug has been
approved by Health Canada as a
"There is no good reason for
someone even with moderate acne
who also wants birth control to
choose Diane-35 rather than a safer
birth control pill." #
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Friday, March 1 1, 2005
women s issue
> a ubyssey special issue
women s issue
Friday, March 1 1, 2005
Explore new directions with Gray Line
At Gray Line, we select only the finest men and women to drive our coaches and
guide our tours. We're looking to add the following professional to our team:
Senior Accounts Receivable Clerk
Responsible for the billing, collection, reconciliation, adjustments and monitoring
of accounts receivable, you will reconcile/monitor charter and wholesaler accounts,
make collection calls and provide support to payroll. Able to process credit
applications, reconcile/balance accounts and track credit limits, you will also answer
customer inquiries and take copies of voudieis/invoices as requested. With a working
knowledge of Microsoft Windows, Word and Excel, you have strong analytical and
communication skills, accounts receivable experience and preferably knowledge
of the J.D. Edwards Accounting system.
Please forward your resume', by March 16, 2005, to: Tracy Yaeger,
Manager GTS Accounting, Grayline of Vancouver, 255 East 1st Avenue, Vancouver,
BC V5T 1A7. Fax: (604) 879-1105. E-mail: tracy.yaeger@grayline.ca
We thank all applicants for their interest,
however, only those under consideration will be
Gray Line is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
If you can write in English and
have any creative inclinations
whatsoever, submit to RANT,
the Ubyssey's literary supplement.
March 14, 3pm
SUB Room 23
Criteria and Info
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Prize packs include; TRAIL OF DEAD'j riew CD 'Worlds Apart1, TWhirt and poster/
How she wears it
You know what they say about girls with big shoulders..
Women's suits are a look that always [seem] to portray strength and fashion forward thinking/' says
fashion stylist Amy Lu. "Although they change stylistically
from season to season and the palette changes from year to
year, they continue to represent a certain confidence and sexiness without showing a lot of skin."
But suits didn't always necessarily portray this confidence.
Contemporary women's suits have developed over the last few
decades alongside the feminist movement, taking various
shapes and forms. Over the last thirty years, we've seen suits
morph from a shapeless, boxy brown into a fitted, pretty pink.
Whatever the decade, the suit has continually existed as a symbolic representation of the power relationship between men
and women in the office.
1 960s: The Steno Pool
Radical feminism in the 1960s took a daring edge, as women
forced people to acknowledge that they were taking control of
their sexual identities. The tight mini-skirt emerged to reflect an
effort to exploit sexual power, rather than be exploited by it.
The mini skirt tried to wiggle its way into the office steno pool,
and the change did not go un-noticed.
"There was a lot of controversy about women wearing mini
skirts in offices," says noted fashion historian Ivan Sayers. "It
was too distracting, it was inappropriate. Women would get
memos from the head of the steno pool saying 'Dear Miss Jones,
it has come to our attention that perhaps your skirt is inappropriate for office wear', and that was expected to be enough.
She'd then be expected to have a skirt that went down to the
knee instead of four or five inches above the knee."
Because women were working in these secretarial positions
under the leadership and authority of men, they rarely were
able to fight back, and the miniskirt was short lived in the
office. The workplace just wasn't ready for women to take control of their clothing the way they were beginning to take control of street-wear, and the knee length skirt was maintained as
the dominant bottom half of the woman's suit.
1970s: To the Board Room, and
"In the 1970s, there were several fashion movements going on
at the same time. The big change, in terms of women working
in the office, was that they gradually started to migrate from
the steno pool to the board room," explains Sayers. "The parallel in terms of what they're wearing is that...the a-line of the
skirt gets narrower, it [the skirt] gets a little shorter."
As it shortened in length, the skirt was accompanied with a
very boxy straight jacket. The A-line skirt was worn in very
plain and mellow brown colours. Janet Smith, Georgia Straight
columnist, believes that this simple style can be connected with
the place women now had in the office.
"It [the suit] was very understated. Women were just breaking in to the office, they wanted to be taken seriously; they didn't want to be seen as sexual objects. It was all part of a very
feminist environment," she says.
This feminist and hippie environment affected other aspects
of feminine beauty as well. "Women didn't wear a lot of make
up, didn't do their hair very big or fancy," continues Smith. The
desire to achieve a look of "natural beauty" monopolized the
decade, marking a shift not just in office fashion but in
women's fashion in general.
Since the 1800s, while men's clothing has become increasing
basic and less decorative, women's clothing has been heavily
adorned and excessive. The Romantic ideals of male and female
sexual identities and roles are symbolised in these opposing
expectations in clothing. "Excluding years of economic depression like the 1930s when monetary constraints led to restrictions on the use of fabric, the highly ornamental feminine
trends have positioned women as the object of desire for men to
strive to win. The 1970s saw a time where women tried to challenge these roles by adopting the more simplistic, traditionally
masculine forms of dress.
"Hair tends to be wash and wear, as it is with most women
now," says Sayers. "That tends to be one of the distinct differences between now and the past. Men had hair that was wash
and wear for decades, but women had to set their hair, they had
to go to hair dressers, they had perms, they had all of those
things." In the 1970s the expectation was that a woman should be
beautiful in accordance with her natural look, rather than trying
to change it to fit into an impossible Romantic notion, he says.
"In fact, many women went to great lengths to get natural
looking hair," Sayers continues. "Generally [hair] was quite
plain and blow, dried; they [women] tried to stay away from
setting it." Now that women were often workiiig full time,
there were many reasons rollers and other time consuming
methods of achieving beauty were becoming obsolete. "For one
thing you can't sleep on rollers and then appear fresh and alert
in the office place," affirms Sayers.
The very serious and basic look of the 1970sallowed women
to come into the board room without appearing out of their element. Rather than being seen as objects of desire, they were
seen as intellectuals. As they rose to higher positions in the
office, a power struggle ensued, marked by a new, much bolder variation of the suit.
1980s: The Power Suit
Bright, bold colours and gigantic shoulders became a staple in
the 1980s workplace for both men and women, developing into
what became known as the "power suit." Smith says that the
power suit can be traced back to economic growth and success.
"It was all about making money, and me me me," she says.
This mentality led to a very strong and powerful look for
women. "As the skirt gets narrower, tike shoulders expand. So
if you think about the skirt being squished in, and the tension
inside the body being let out at the shoulders, you get this top
heavy, football player, massive, muscular kind of look,"
explains Sayers. The understated look of the 1970s was
replaced by something much more suggestive of authority.
"I think it's a question of masculine equality. I don't think
necessarily they were trying to look manly, but they were trying to look equal to being a man," says Sayers. "The broader the
shoulders the stronger you look. The stronger you look, the
more capable you are thought to be."
As women were climbing the corporate ladder, they were
choosing clothing to show their colleagues that not only did
they belong in the boardroom, but they could be just as powerful authority figures as men. "Women were asserting themselves," Smith says, adding that despite the manly top half,
women were not really wearing trousers. "It was still way more
common to see skirts in this time. So you had the big masculine
look on top, but on the bottom you would often have a short
skirt above the knee, reflecting sexual power."
Shoulders got bigger and bigger throughout the decade,
reaching a point when they were so big it was laughable, says
Smith. But such a bold look couldn't last, and by the 1990s,
shoulder pads were becoming less and less common, and
colours gradually darkened into something a little less...ostentatious.
^ Jenn (pamero
1990s to Now: She's a Lady
It was black. It was boring. It was the well-fitted-often Armani
suit of the 1990s. Everyone had one, and there was little variation from person to person. In contrast to the power driven suit
of the previous decade, this suit was all about serious business.
Both men and women strived to achieve conformity in this conservative pantsuit.
Part of an effort to "value dress" in an uncertain market, the
professional workers of the 1990s turned away from excess and
moved back towards the serious simplicity that had been
prominent in the 1970s. Smith says that women had established
themselves in the office, and instead of trying to look strong,
they were trying to look serious. And just like in the 1970s, the
suit avoided being sexual and feminine, but for different reasons.
"I think a lot of women have been indoctrinated to a degree
that if they are any form of the cliche of feminine then it's a sellout; they're not living up to their potential," says Sayers. In the
modern workplace, femininity has negative connotations that
make women feel as if they are being coerced into the old order
of male dominance, he continues.
Smith believes that this negative view of femininity has been
changing over the last decade. In the late 1990s, the "sexy suit"
emerged, partly affected by sex icons like Christina Aguilera
and Britney Spears, she says. "It [the sexy suit] was cut on the
hips, tight on the bum, reflecting sexuality in the cut."
Now, not only are suits sexy, but they're pretty as well. With
fuller skirts and flowery designs, women are adopting styles
that have been unpopular among confident, independent
women for several decades. "I think maybe, we're getting to a
point now where they are starting to balance it a bit more," says
Sayers. "Women are getting more self-confidence and they're
being accepted as intellectual beings."
Smith agrees. "Women aren't afraid of being feminine and
are reclaiming their femininity.'' They're no longer looking to
conform, and are finding a different sort of fashion mentor, she
"Sex and the City, even though it's over, had a tremendous
effect on fashion, with the full skirts and a'really feminine look.
Sarah Jessica Parker and her dresses are a symbol of power,
confidence and security with femininity," she reasons.
Women can now be sexy, feminine, or whatever else they
want to be. The battle of the sexes may not be over, but women
now are in a place where they can own fashion rather than conform to it, Smith believes. Whether your choice is a sexy velvet
low-cut pantsuit, or a pink tweed trumpet skirt, you can now be
accepted for your intelligence while also being as feminine—or
as masculine—as you like. "It's all about individualism," Smith
reminds us. "It's ok to express yourself in crazy ways." 8%
Fresh new lines
edited by Marlene Kadar
Inanna Publications
by Amanda Truscott
Contrary to popular belief, not all
Canadian women's poetry is about
life on the farm. The Missing Line, a
collection of poems from the feminist
quarterly journal Canadian Women's
Studies, includes its fair share of cattle wrangling, butter churning and
child-birthing. However, it also
includes some of the unexpected.
Some of the poems are startlingly
beautiful and original. Marlene
Kadar, the anthology's editor,
explodes the stereotype of women
who play hockey as unfeminine in
her poem "Third Liner." The poem
is about a woman whose beauty is in
no way^t odds with her fierce love
of the game. I couldn't help feeling a
little shiver of pleasure as I read the
lines "Two young eyes deep in their
dark beauty chase the puck across
the goalie's barricade /She scores,
she scores again, and those dark eyes
stay/Calm, the eyeliner runs at right
angles to the bent wire mask." Her
starkly simple writing cuts deeply.
In Kadar's "Barbaric poem," a
response to Theodore Adorno's
assertion that "to write poetry after
Auschwitz is barbaric," she replies,
"To write poetry after Auschwitz is
all we can know."
Many  of  the  poems  question
women's traditional desires. Some
do this more compellingly than others. Lea Littlewolfe ends her poem
"Breakfast," about a group of seniors
leaving a church, wifh this question:
"do  the lone flowers envy their
laboring sisters?" referring to those
of the women who are left without
husbands onto whose "butts and
groins"   they  can  "massage  zinc
oxide cream." The metaphor of the
old women as "flowers" is a little
incongruous with the idea that they
are capable of labor, but it contrasts
interestingly  with   the   grotesque
imagery Littlewolfe associates with
the often-romanticized "old married
There are only a few pieces in the
collection that didn't resonate as
strongly. Joan Bond's "Dandelions,"
in which the speaker's idealised
husband "extirpates" the little yellow pests from their front lawn, has
some weaker lines such as "you dig
deep/my love digs deeper."
Lucidly, the less resonating poetry
included in The Missing Line is
redeemed by poems like Patience
Wheatley's "Kissing Under a
Winter Sky." She aptly describes the
shock of falling in love as "meaningless yet intriguing that/can fit
you under the bow of Orion /shove
you under the kilt of Perseus, and
the square belly of his horse."
Despite the very occasional dud,
the poems are fresh, thought provoking, full of beautiful, surprising
imagery and sharp insight. & Friday, March 1 1, 2005
WOmen1 S iSSUe       a ubyssey special issue
UBC Diploma in
Accounting Program
If you are a university graduate seeking a professional accounting designation, you can
fast-track your education through the UBC Diploma in Accounting Progam (DAP). UBC
DAP's curriculum is recognized by the Chartered Accountants School of Business
(CASB) and satisfies most of the CMA and CGA program requirements.
Courses starting in May:
■ February 28,2005 (International applicants)
■ March 31,2005 (Canadian applicants)
To find out more:
UBC Diploma in Accounting Program
Sauder School of Business
University of British Columbia
2053 Main Mall, Vancouver BC V6T1Z2
tel 604.822.8412    fax 604.822.2220
email dap@sauder.ubc.ca
Courses starting in September:
■ June 7,2005 (International applicants)
■ July 6,2005 (Canadian applicants)
School of Business
Opening Worlds
Advanced Placement into Diploma Programs
Put Your Degree to Work
If you have a university degree in any field you
may be able to obtain a BCIT Diploma in one year.
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post-diploma business programs can fast-track
you into a career in:
Financial Management
• Advanced Accounting
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• International Trade and Transportation*
• Information Technology Management*
*relevant business degree required
Mary Tiberghien 604-432-8385 or itm@bcit.ca
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• Tourism Management
Heidi Surman 604-432-8293 or mktg@bcit.ca
At BCIT we offer a unique blend of academic
learning and applied skills - a different path
of learning. For more information go to
Apply now for Fall 2005
V-Day is
for Women
by Liz Green
"I bet you're worried. We were
worried. We were worried about
For the 4th time, UBC
launched a production of the
Vagina Monologues to spread
awareness of issues that women
face relating to their vaginas, and
to raise money for the worldwide
campaign to end violence against
Noa Anatot, Assistant Director
and Production Manager to this
year's show, faced a lot of different reactions from people passing
by the ticket booth outside the
SUB. The campaign sold chocolate
vaginas and tickets to the public
the week leading up to reading
week. She said that people's reactions to the word "vagina" varied
from laughter to disgust. The loud
vocal campaign is more about
educating people and promoting
the issues, than it is about shocking them, added Anatot.
"The show is a means to an
end, and so it's important but it's
only important if people understand what the final goal is, and
that's to end violence against
women," says Anatot.
Not only was The
Vagina Monologues
banned in uganda,
but there are universities in the us that
still face opposition
when they try to
produce the show."
The Vagina Monologues was
written by Eve Ensler and spurred
a worldwide movement called V-
Day in 1998. V-Day takes place on
Valentines Day, and promotes creative events to increase awareness,
raise money for local, national and
international movements which
work to stop violence against
All Vagina Monologue produc-
tio s give 10 per cent of their funds
to the V-Day movement to use
directly in their spotlight project.
This year, the spotlight is on Iraq
and fighting human rights abuses
there. The other 90 per cent of all
proceeds go to UBC's Sexual
Assault Support Centre (SASC).
Eve Ensler waives all financial
rights so that the money can go
where it is needed.
"The message is about empowering women and making sure
those areas get the attention that
they need," says Anatot.
There are 17 monologues that
directors have to include in the
show, and they are able to choose
from five others that they feel
most suit their campaign. These
stories range from the lusty moaning of "The Woman Who Loved to
Make Vaginas Happy" to the
brave poignancy of a woman who
overcame childhood rape and was
able to appreciate her vagina in
"The Little Coochie Snorcher that
This year's director Jocelyn
Pitsch, along with Events
Coordinator Christiane Mclnnes
and her "Pussy Posse" cast and
crew, decided to include the
empowering "My Short Skirt"
about a woman reclaiming her
body. She declares to the audience
"My short skirt has nothing to do
with you!" This monologue was
important to the university campaign, says Anatot, because of the
message that a girl should be
allowed to wear whatever she
wants without having it be considered an invitation for sexual
The second monologue chosen
by the directing crew was "They
Beat the Girl Out of my Boy", a new
monologue written this year by
Ensler. Anatot felt strongly about
this monologue because of the
importance of bringing awareness
to issues that trans-gendered people face. "People have seen Boys
Don't Cry, but that was five years
ago, and I just felt it was important
to bring out something new."
The V-Day website discusses a
lot of the controversies surrounding the show. There seems to be a
fairly serious anti-Vagina
Monologues movement around
the world. Not only was The
Vagina Monologues banned in
Uganda, but there are universities
in the US that still face opposition
when they try to produce the
show. Fordham University in
Manhattan received enormous
opposition from a Catholic group
which felt that the use of the word
vagina was "improper, not only to
Christians, but to social decency."
The show met with very little
opposition at UBC, drawing a few
letters last year from people who
were strongly Pro-Life. The movement itself is Pro-Choice, claiming
that it is another form of oppressing women to not allow them to
make their own choices about
abortion. "Generally the responses are pretty open. This seems to
be a pretty liberal campus compared to some of the stories I read
about," says Anatot.
Jessica Harvey, a third-year
theatre student at UBC, expressed
a positive feeling about the show,
remarking on the sense of
humour and the feeling of community among the performers
while they were on stage. "They
took some of the parts of the text
that I didn't like, and softened
them a bit," said Harvey. "I didn't
leave the show feeling violated
from hearing the word vagina so
many times. It didn't feel like a
bunch of feminists ranting. It felt
more like a group of empowered
women, and the production
design added to that I think, making the show softer and more feminine maybe," she added.
The general feeling seemed to
be pretty positive on closing
night, as the show drew uproarious laughter, screaming and
applause. $fr «iwoui>^juwjit^wji^y>ww
a ubyssey special issue      WOmen S ISSUe  m^0^00000^dai, March 11, 2005    ^
Pleasure Week" posters considered offensive, removed
Female magazines
emphasise male pleasure
by Jordana Greenblatt
In January, the AMS Women's
Centre received a complaint that
some of the posters we had up in
the music building for a week-
long series of events called
Pleasure Week might be "offensive to women."
Then our posters mysteriously
disappeared from the area.
While the final version of the
poster for Pleasure Week involved
drawings of women's naked bodies
and vaginal imagery hidden in the
lettering, the two posters that were
in the music building were simply a
text-only listing of events and a call
for erotic art for our final event of
the week, an erotic coffee house.
The idea that women must be
protected from our own pleasure
(or our own bodies) should seem
strange, but it is certainly not
uncommon. Canadian obscenity
legislation is, after all, based on the
dated feminist argument that
pornography, whether it is conveyed through imagery or text, is
inherently violent and oppressive
towards women. This belief, even
in its heyday, was by no means universal among feminists, and the
contemporary movement generally
tends to reject this strict doctrinal
approach to pornography and eros.
Nevertheless, the resulting obscenity laws remain and tend to be used
to target oppressed groups—for
instance, the ongoing battle
between Little Sister's Bookstore
and Canada Customs.
So, when posters for a
women's event get taken down in
the music building, or when
queer—even lesbian!—cultural
products are stopped crossing the
border, it is, so they say, to protect
us. Women. From ourselves.
But what exactly does all this
protectionism entail? What does it
"save" us from, and what does it let
through? Someone complained to
me (in the context of this article)
about a recent Cosmopolitan magazine cover, so I decided to take a
look. The top story for this month's
issue is "THRILL HIS BODY: 65
Electrifying Mattress Tricks. They'll
Remind Him How Freakin' Lucky
He Is." I scoped out Glamour as well,
and one of their top stories is "500
Men Reveal the Sex Appeal of
Women With Real Bodies."
This might not seem so bad—
after all, making women confident
about their real bodies is good,
right? And even though the mattress
tricks focus on his pleasure, at least
they are guaranteed to show him,
once and for all, how lucky he is to
have you. But both of these stories
focus on the use value of sexuality,
something that seems to be inimical
to pleasure. Pleasure is about taking
joy in what you have, when you
have it. Use value is about what you
can get. And when it comes to sexuality, use value is reproduction.
This is not to say that pleasure is
inherently at odds with having
babies. If having a baby will give
you pleasure, thaf s wonderful. But
focusing solely on the use value of
anything—its eventual distant
result—is not about pleasure; if s
about unending deferral. So when
Glamour talks about 500 men revealing the sex appeal of women with
real bodies, what they are talking
about is use value. They are not promoting women's pleasure and gratification in their own real bodies.
Instead, they are reassuring women
that their "real" bodies are still useful—they still have the appeal to
attract men to...well, reproduce. But
in this case, the deferral occurs
before the spectre of reproduction
even appears. As soon as we couch
the pleasure of our bodies not in
terms of the pleasure we find in
them, but in terms of their future
effect on others, we are deferring
our pleasure indefinitely.
Cosmo's sex tricks are clearly
deep within an economy of deferral,
as they couch women's sexuality in
terms of levels of use. Our sexuality
is both useful in the form of "tricks"
to thrill men, and it is useful to us
because it will "remind him how
freakin' lucky he his"—something
which presumably has tangible
future benefits for us. Neither of
these uses has much to do with
women's pleasure. But these uses
are apparently socially acceptable.
We don't need to be protected from
them—they sit, uncensored, on
every convenience store shelf.
When the Women's Centre puts
on a week of events focusing solely
on pleasure without the need for
use, this is scary, because it locates
our pleasure outside of an economy
of exchange. It implies that pleasure
can be productive even when it is
not reproductive. The indefinite
deferral of pleasure—the focus on
women's bodies and sexuality for
their use value, instead of their
immediate benefit to women, has
historically been used to justify
women's oppression. Our subjugation has been couched in terms of
the future good of all. By calling for
pleasure, instead of some deferred
goal of babies, the future, or the
good of humanity, women are taking back our ability to live for and in
ourselves. And this is what we have
to be protected from.
Women are protected from sexual imagery only insofar as it
threatens the economy of desire by
threatening to act in the actual,
present   pleasure   of  immediate
desire. The call for erotic art must
have been particularly unnerving,
since it suggested that sexuality
could be productive both in terms
immediate erotic fulfillment and
artistic creation, which would then
evoke immediate erotic pleasure in
others. This is a cyclic effect that is
consistently and repetitively productive without being reproductive. The production of erotic art
denies the tyranny of the future
through being inherently pleasurable to create, but it also offers the
possibility of continuous shared
pleasure. And the things that are
threatened by this kind of immediate, joyful, and productive pleasure are not women—they are the
structures that oppress us. &
Ski & Board with The Front
Friday, March 11 @ Chan Centre/Telus Studio Theatre. 4 pm - 7 pm
Tickets: $5, available at the Chan Centre Box Office
AMS Events presents this special event at the Chan Centre including cheap micro-
brews, ski and board film premieres, and performances by hip-hop group The Front.
Soul Foot Breakdancing Competition
Saturday, March 12. 6 pm to 10 pm @ SUB Ballroom
Tickets: $5 in advance at Outpost/Ticketmaster or $8 at the door
Witness the Pacific Northwest's best dancers battle it out for $500 cash. DJs Mr.
Rumble, Hedspin, Wundrkut, Pluskratch, Bles_sed and more doing DMC performances and rocking the beats. Open cipher with prizes for Best Top Rock, Best
Footwork, Best Power Moves, Best Popper & Best Locker. An event not to be
AMS Job Fair
March 21 - 22 @ SUB Main Concourse. 9 am - 5 pm
In the middle of finishing year-end projects? Here's one more to add to your list:
polish off your resume and bring it with you to the AMS Job Fair. Prospective employers will be on hand to provide information on part-time work, summer jobs, full-time
vacancies, and opportunities overseas. Bring several copies of your resume and
Beyond Second Year Arts Fair
Thursday, March 10. 12 pm to 2 pm @ SUB Ballroom
Are you an Arts student wondering what to declare as your Major or Minor? Trying to
decide if you want to go on exchange? Unsure of what kind of career options are
available to you after you graduate? The Faculty of Arts is holding its annual Beyond
Second Year Fair which showcases ail the programs offered in the faculty. You can also
find information on Career Services, Arts Co-op, Student Exchange and other campus
March 20-24,2005
It's back and more challenging than ever! Storm the Wall returns to UBC March 20
- 24 with 5-person teams competing in a swimming, running,cycling, running and
wall-scaling race against time. Deadline for registration is Wednesday, March 16 at
5 pm and costs are as follows:
University students: $60/team, $15/lron Person
University staff: $66/team, $ 17/lron Person
Community: $75/team, $20/lron Person
Youth: $30/Team
For more details and photos from last year, visit http://www.rec.ubc.ca.
Research Week 2005
Celebrate Research Week! With the theme of Ingenuity: Seeing the World Through
New Eyes, students can attend free workshops, seminars, panels, and open houses
to learn about the new and innovative types of research taking place at UBC main
campus, UBC Robson Square, and at affiliated hospitals. All events are free and a
full events calendar can be found at http://www.ubc.ca/crw/.
BC Election 2005
It's not too early to remind all UBC students that the next provincial election takes
place Tuesday, May 17, 2005. To vote, you'll need to be 18 or older, a Canadian
citizen, a resident of BC since November 17,2004 and registered.
Elections BC will be mailing you an info card with details on your local polling
station. If you haven't yet registered or aren't sure if you are on
the voter's list, visit: http://www.getyourvoteon.ca
Out of province/town voting: www.elections.bcca/reg/voting.htm
Campaign info: www.elections.bc.ca/elections/ge2005/polparty.htm
Voter registration deadline is Tuesday, April 19
«■£'. w&#gp&
Friday, March 1 1, 2005
WOItien7 S iSSUe       a ubyssey special issue
www. ufiyssey. Bc,ca
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that works for you?
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and you're in the right seat
Call 416-675-6622, ext. 3337 or email
information. Apply for all Business Srfiool
programs at www.onlariocolleges.ca
The Business School
t -■
Come to the
Ubyssey office
in SUB Room 23
to receive a
double-pass to
The Ring 2
Preview Screening
at Capital 6 on
March 16,7:00pm
First come, first served.
While quantities last.
March 9 to 19, 2005
Man-Sat 7:30pm
Frederic Wood Theatre
6354 Crescent Road UBC
Tickets: ST $10 SR $12  REG $18
UBC Box Office 604.822.2678
Preview March 9, 2005^ $6.
Wage gap remains an issue
Women still underpaid
compared to men
by Jordana Greenblatt
The wage gap between high and
low paying jobs affects everyone,
however women are affected
disproportionately by this discrepancy.
According to the 2000 Canada
Census, women still make only 71
cents for every male dollar. This is
partially accounted for by pay discrepancies within fields, and partially due to the economic undervaluing of female dominated professions.
While the 1970 Report of the
Royal Commission on the Status of
Women in Canada recommended
that the government implement
initiatives to increase the salaries of
women doing traditionally undervalued labour, such as teaching and
nursing, very little has been done in
terms of equalizing the pay differential between gendered jobs.
According     to     the     United
Nations    Platform    for    Action
Committee (UNPAC), men dominate the ten top paying jobs in
Canada,  including the fields  of
judiciary and medicine. Women are
not only underrepresented in these
fields, but make only 66-67 per cent
as much as their male colleagues.
Nine out of the ten lowest paying
jobs in Canada, including various
forms of child-care and food service, are predominantly done by
women. Even in these low paying
jobs, women still make less than
men, earning only about 80.4  per
cent of their male colleagues' pay.
Women are still encouraged to
make schooling and careers less
of a priority in our society, while
access to positions in higher paying fields is limited and traditionally female jobs in both profes
sional and non-professional fields
are consistently undervalued and
According to Statistics Canada,
in 2002 70 per cent of working
women were employed in health
care, teaching, sales, or administrative work—and across these jobs,
wages decrease steadily as the percentage of women in the field
"Nine out of the ten
lowest paying jobs in
Canada, including
various forms of
child-care and food
service, are predominantly done by
women. Even in these
low paying jobs,
women still make less
than men, earning
only about 80.4 per
cent of their male
colleagues' pay."
Within academics, despite
recent gains, a substantial wage
gap persists. According to a study
in the CAUT Education Review,
only 15 per cent of full professors
are women, and full-time female
faculty earn, on average, 80 per
cent of their male colleagues'
salaries. Part-time female faculty
make less than 70 per cent of part-
time male faculty's average
Women are far less likely to be
tenured or hold tenure-track positions, occupying over 50 per cent
of contract and limited term
appointments. Women represent
less than half of the faculty in
each major discipline, ranging
from 42.8 per cent in education-
related fields, to 8.6 per cent in
applied science and engineering
in 2001. While female representation increases at each decreasing
level of rank (or increases over
time), making up 15.1 per cent of
full, 31.6 per cent of associate, and
41.2 per cent of assistant professors, the only academic rank
dominated by women is the category of "other"—contract and
limited term faculty—at 52 per
Overall, female faculty earn less
than male faculty both because
they occupy less well paid positions, which can result either from
direct discrimination or the ways
in which institutional structures
implicitly discriminate against
oppressed groups along the way,
and because they are more prone to
career interruptions, which causes
them to fall behind in the university incremental pay structure.
The concrete effect of lower
pay on women is a lack of access
to resources, as well as increased
family poverty and a less secure
retirement. According to the
report of the Canadian Pay Equity
Task Force, this results in women
having lowered access to health
care, community services, and
housing. Poverty also leads to
reduced access to legal resources
and assistance from the police,
which leaves women more vulnerable both to assault and to its
effects. Since women are less likely to have access to a steady
income or savings, many women
are unable to leave abusive situations due to financial constraints.
Women often bear the primary
burden of childcare, and impoverished women are often forced to
choose between staying in an abusive setting and being unable to
support their children. 48&
Media generates conflicted identities
by Sara Norman
When doing a group project for a
Women's Studies class, one of the
women I was working with stated,
"women are conflicting entities."
What a revelation! She found the
word to describe how I feel in relation to the world. Conflicted.
Nowadays, there is no way
around feeling conflicted about
your identity if you are, in fact, a
heterosexual woman.
The thing is, from birth, through
media we are taught to be submissive. We are taught that we're supposed to be the cheerleaders, the
barefoot wives, the baby-toting soccer moms and this is supposed to
be the pinnacle of our lives.
However, with the feminism movement and progressive political
empowerment, the media also
teaches women that we can be
pilots, police officers and journalists—that we don't have to be submissive if we choose not to be and
our careers can be meaningful as
well. The world is completely open
to us. This dual media message
presents a conundrum: what do
we, as modern women, really want
for ourselves?
It is perhaps a simpler matter for
men. They've been fathers with
careers for hundreds of years now,
and there is never a question of
whether   their  position  as   such
interferes with either side of their
lives. For women, however, there is
pressure to be at home with the
baby all day, but likewise pressure
to be a modern career girl.
As I get older, I come to realize
that the three children I wanted
when I was five have now become
one, if I have time between now
and the age of forty. My sister at
fifteen stated that she really doesn't want to get married, something that would have made me
gasp had I been her age. When
evaluating my own life, I have
come to rea lize that finding a husband/boyfriend, something that I
listed as my top priority years ago,
is neither the solution to all my
problems nor is it something that
will directly add to living out my
dreams. I have come to terms
with "ending up" alone, the label
"old maid," and being a "spinster," and I am not even twenty-
five. Being loved or loving (perhaps even lacking love) doesn't
have to be a hindrance on identity
or worth of life. But it's not at all
that simple.
Feminism reclaimed the word
"bitch," now using it as a term of
empowerment, and likewise, I
have reclaimed the term as my
own term of classification. Bitch
has become a moniker of power—
if a woman is regarded as a bitch,
to me, that means she's got clout
because let's face it, no one would
care to label her if she didn't.
A few months ago, I stood in a
parking lot at midnight, arguing
with an ex-friend about our
friendship. We fought often—it
was sort of our shtick. Mutual
friends would roll their eyes and
try not to take sides (though I was
usually always right in my logic).
However, this parking lot fight
was different. When our arguing
came to a pass (and I had refused
to get into his car), he said to me,
"You're a strong, strong woman."
"Too strong, right?" I asked,
already knowing the answer. He
nodded and mumbled "yup",
then drove off. I haven't seen him
As women, we are chastised
for being too strong, but likewise
criticised if we show weakness.
My strength was a fault in the situation listed above, but when I
really feel like crying, I have to
suppress the urge because I don't
want to be known as weak, especially in the workplace. The times
I did end up crying (in the workplace) have left me feeling foolish
and guilty for weeks on end. So
how do we deal with our identity
conflicts? Could the answer really
be as simple as doing what seems
true to our own personalities, or
are our personalities a consequence of programmed media? $£
% a ubyssey special issue      Women's JSSUe
 ^^^ .'5v.;:.":
UBC professor wins Gemini Awards for TV screenplay
Linda Svensen soars
towards success
by Ania Mafi
As an author, filmmaker and
Gemini Award winning screenplay writer and producer, Linda
Svendsen has one more title: professor. Currently teaching in the
department of Creative Writing at
UBC, Svendsen is a woman
with drive, passion, and a unique
writing voice that has been
shaped by her many life experiences.
Graduating with a Bachelor's
Degree in English at UBC in 1977,
Svendsen moved to New York to
pursue her Masters of Fine Arts at
Columbia University. Svendsen
describes her experience there as,
"[walking through] a door and
into another world."
The overwhelming and diverse
cultures of New York at that time
began to shape and inspire her
"I went to movies just about
everyday. I went to the Retro
Cinemas, the Thalia, the
Carnegie...It was just a real education in terms of screen writing."
When Svendsen was studying fiction at Columbia students could
only study one genre at a time, but
her love for screenplays wouldn't
allow her to stay committed to just
one artistic form. "I had to sneak
upstairs to go to the film division
to take screenwriting classes,"
Svendsen admits.
Attending readings throughout
the city in her spare time at the 92nd
Street Y and the Donnell Library,
Svendsen got to experience many
intriguing authors completing their
residencies right within Columbia's
writing division. "You'd have
Gunter Grass coming in, Philip
Roth, John Irving, Toni Morrison,
Nadine Gordimer coming in to do a
residency. It was international in
scope and absolutely phenomenal."
As one of the only Canadian women
in the program,
describes her
own "middle
class Vancouver
experience" as
being quite foreign to her
classmates, and
over time her
own back
ground became
quite "exotic"
to herself as well. "My whole
childhood suddenly looked very
intriguing and I found students in
my workshops reacted to my
Anglicisation of the word colour
...or the things we take for granted here. My Esso was their Exxon,
so little things like that made me
feel like I had something new and
different to say." Finding something new in what was so familiar
to her became a part of her writing voice.
Moving on to write a number
of novels including the much
acclaimed, Marine Life, Svendsen
was recently won two Gemini
Awards for her television mini-
series Human Cargo. The making
of this project was the result of a
life experience that led Svendsen
to take on another writing voice—
the voice of the unheard.
"When I was pregnant back in
1993, I heard on CBC Radio one
morning that there were two
immigration and refugee board
members who had exchanged
notes during a hearing about [an
applicant], but they were exchanging notes ridiculing the applicants
appearance, and I found I had a
very strong emotional and intellectual reaction to that." After a
few years of attending various
other hearings, Svendsen made
Human Cargo, a film project about
the lives of refugees and the people who help them.
Like Svendsen's personal
growth, which has led towards
new and different projects, the
writing and film industry as a
whole has endured growth as
well. "There are far more women
in producer's roles. A lot of the
strong writers are becoming show
runners, and I'd say...there must
be more than 50 per cent of
women in the top role." The
increase in the number of women
within the film and writing field,
according to Svendsen is simple:
"We tell good stories, we run
good sets, we make strong creative decisions...and we know
how to run a set, and we know
how to run a budget."
Judy McFarlane, a MFA student in the Creative Writing program at UBC currently writing
her thesis with Svendsen's guidance, says that aside from
Svendsen's success in the media
that she is also an excellent
teacher. "Linda is very conscientious and really puts a lot into
doing a good class, and helping
every student in the best way for
that student."
"...Women can bring a lot to
story telling in general, and a lot
to storytelling in film and on TV,"
McFarlane says. $£
Gradswith afdiploma V
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IT PAYS TO READ THE FINE PRINT: Vehicle models may not be exactly as shown. Offers are available from Toyota Financial Services on approved credit to qualified retail lessees / purchasers. *For the 2005 Echo
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(on Campus/ beside Bank of Montreal)
Large Selection of
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Reservations 604-221 - 9355
Come learn the game in a fun, friendly and
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VAN TECH H.S (2600 Broadway)
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Its time for position papers!!! a
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followingpositions:   x    ^
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Culture Editor    N
Features/National Editor
Sports Editor
Production Manager
Volunteers Coordinator    x;
Letters/Research Cr&trrd.
Voting will[start^ 7Wacc/rJ2J afte/-
the All Candidates Forum. X
Friday, March } 1, 2005
Women's iSSUe      a ubyssey special issue
Women take charge of Vancouver
Conference ends on high note
By Jesse Marchand
What would Vancouver look like
with women at the helm, instead of
men? This question is just the kind
that Vancouver city councillors Ellen
Woodsworth and Anne Roberts
asked as they hosted the second
annual city of Vancouver celebration
of International Women's Day:
Designing Cities for Women.
The three-hour event which
opened with a prayer led by Elder
Aline Laflamme, a local Metis
woman, focused on ways to change
provincial and municipal policy to
better serve women's causes.
"It's not lost on me that again this
year, a man has to welcome the celebration of International Women's
Day," said Mayor Gordon
While there has yet to be a
woman mayor, Campbell was quick
to point out that, "women now represent about 50 per cent of the city's
inside workers and approximately
half of the most senior staff in the
city, which is really quite an amazing, amazing achievement when
you go an take a look at other major
cities in Canada."
Judy Roberts, Vancouver's City
Manager also cited the $500,000 in
grants that were given to women's
organisations by Vancouver council
this year.
"The Vancouver
Police Department
doesn't take violence
against women
-Teya Geenburg
Female youth speaker
Despite these successes for
women in the political sphere, the
mayor acknowledged that without
the presence of a woman mayor the
battle for equal rights is far from
over. "We're never going to ever finish the work," said Campbell of the
battle for equality, "because as we
go along we have to change how we
think. We have to change how we
do things."
But Campbell's sentiments were
not fully supported by other speakers at the event. "What do you think,
do you believe him?" asked a sceptical Skeena Reece, a youth performer
following the mayor's speech.
Rogers also voiced opposition to
Campbells remarks on never being
able "to finish the work." "For now
this is a continuing journey," she
said. "But the destination is clear."
The destination of the 21st
Century suffragette journey was
voiced by seven women representing various issues facing women
today: youth, transportation, sex
trade, Aboriginal, housing, race,
workplace and safety.
"There are strong capable
women working all around us in the
city in many different and varied
roles and their work has been a benefit to all of us but there still is a need
for women to participate in leadership roles in the business and community spheres," said Rogers. "We
need more women involved in the
decision making in the community
and in civic life and in order to make
that happen we need to recongise
the realities of women's lives."
The balance of raising children
and making a living is not something that the provincial government has been taking seriously said
Teya Geenburg, speaking on behalf
of female youth. She cited the recent
cuts to the Ministry of Children and
Families by the provincial Liberal
government as one of the major
obstacles to female rights. Many
other speakers also called on
Gordon and Larry Campbell to step
up and take women's issues more
Also under fire was the
Vancouver Police Department
[VPD] for the missing women cases
that have still been unsolved by the
Pickton findings.
"The Vancouver Police
Department doesn't take violence
against women seriously," said
Geenburg who advocated the creation of an elected police board to
monitor police action and encourage "gender parody."
Raven Bowen, who spoke for the
rights of sex trade workers also
came down on the VPD and advocated a system that takes the blame
away from sex trade workers and
puts it on social services.
"If their health is failing there's
something wrong with health care.
' .If
DO A LITTLE DANCE, BANG A LITTLE DRUM: The city of Vancouver Women's Day celebration
featured a performance by the India Mahila Association, a prayer with Elder Aline Laflamme and a
welcome from mayor Larry Campbell, michelle mayne photos
If they're chronically addicted to
drugs there's something wrong with
treatment. If they're homeless
there's something wrong with housing, and ultimately if they're going
missing without sound and fury
there's something wrong with the
police force."
Bowen also compared the treatment of Vancouver sex trade workers to cases of segregation, citing a
story of a young sex worker who sat
on an advisory committee because
of her knowledge in the sex trade
but was later denied a job when she
stated her current employment.
"The reason that was given to
her and I quote, "we have found
that it would be not in line with our
mission or purpose to accept applications from current sex workers,"
said Bowen who accused society of
"pillaging" sex trade workers for
their expertise in committees then
denying them the opportunity to
leave the trade and get another job.
It "reminds me of black performers like Billie Holiday that would
perform in some of the most prestigious music halls in the world but
they'd be denied a seat in the audience," said Bowen.
While Bowen's words were met
with loud applause from the supporting audience her speech turned
into a case of preaching to the converted. By the time of the roundtable
discussion, much of the media had
left and even Mayor Larry Campbell
had failed to stay beyond his welcoming speech.
Councillors Roberts and Woods-
worth remained vigilant however,
avidly noting the speakers' concerns in order to bring their ideas to
future council meetings.
While many of the concerns
addressed by the roundtable speakers pointed to current thought patterns of society as the problem,
many.more suggested viable ideas
for political change such as more
wheelchair buses for the disabled
and for women with baby strollers
and decreasing the wage gap that
currendy sees men getting paid significantly more than women in
many of the same jobs.
The excuse for not mandating
wage equity is that it the "government cannot afford it," said Pat
Davitt who was representing
women in the workplace. Davitt
condemned the government for this
response citing that the people left to
"afford" it were the women forced
to make a living that is much less
than their male counterparts.
While many serious issues were
discussed, the conference turned
back to celebration of International
Women's Day and ended on a high
note as Indo-Canadian "Gidda"
dancers filled chambers with traditional dance.
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The Business School


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