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The Ubyssey Mar 26, 1976

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 Pat McGeer and politics of education
Pat McGeer is known for a lot of things.
He's Pat McGeer, president of the Insurance Corporation of B.C.
He's Pat McGeer, Liberal-cum-Social
Credit MLA for Point Grey.
He's Pat McGeer, professor and head of
neurological sciences at UBC.
He's also Pat McGeer, minister of
education for the province of British
Not much is known about his education
policies, besides a short chapter in his 1971
book, Politics in Paradise.
That, unfortunately, was written before he
had his political operation and became a
Socred — so it may or may not still be valid.
It was a major surprise when Dollar Bill
Bennett named McGeer to the education
portfolio in December. Many were expecting Bennett to give the portfolio to
Harvey Schroeder, the shrill little education
critic for the Socreds when the NDP's Eileen
Dailly was minister.
McGeer, a violent critic of Social Credit
policies in his 14 years in the house, and in
Politics in Paradise, was pegged for the
finance portfolio. But it was not to be.
Naturally, when McGeer became
education minister, people wanted to know
what he planned to do with the portfolio. But
McGeer refused all interviews, pleading
that he was too busy with ICBC to have time
to think much about education.
Finally, after months of trying to pin
McGeer down for an interview on his
education polices, The Ubyssey published
an angry editorial criticizing McGeer's
evasiveness. The editorial was perhaps one
of the most effective The Ubyssey has
published this year — within days, McGeer
phoned and arranged an interview.
On Wednesday, ICBC president McGeer
left his office in that corporation's downtown
headquarters and put on his education
minister suit for a 50-minute interview with
a Ubyssey reporter.
The interview revealed that job-oriented
training is the highest priority in McGeer's
department, and will remain top priority
until the job-oriented courses are big enough
to accommodate all the people who want to
get into them.
Money is tight, of course. That means if
job-oriented schooling has top priority, pure
learning has come upon hard times. And to
make sure universities and colleges spend
the money allocated them the way he wants,
McGeer is putting his kind of people on
boards and councils.
His type of people, he emphasized, are
ones with a sense of "fiscal responsibility."
The conversion from Liberalism to Social
Credit is indeed complete. If there was any
doubt before, it's gone.
Vol. LVH, No. 67 VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, MARCH 26,  1976
Vote cou nt
coverup hit
—doug field photo
MUSEUM OF PERSONS that will house UBC's fantastic collection of west coast Indian art, is taking shape
on edge of Point Grey cliffs. Expanse of water is not a lake, but undrained roof of Museum of Anthropology.
AMS moves to combat pranksters
The student representative
assembly has voted to use an
almost forgotten bylaw of the Alma
Mater Society constitution to
combat student pranksterism.
The SRA passed a motion
Wednesday that guarantees the
AMS will prosecute student
mischief makers if the administration files a complaint.
SRA president David Van
Blarcom said Thursday the AMS
will take pranksters to student
court if the administration complains.
The penalties if the student is
found guilty of "behaviour deemed
unbecoming to a member of the
society" are expulsion from the
AMS and a fine of up to $5.
Harold, Heather together
Ubyssey Society Columnist
The Ubyssey can work for you —
just ask Harold Mann and Heather
Regular readers will note that a
budding romance has developed in
the letters column in recent weeks
and I'm pleased to announce a
potential consummation set for
this Saturday night at a SUB
ballroom dance.
To maintain some secrecy for
the lovers — who have never met in
person — the details of the rendezvous will not be disclosed.
The affair with a mysterious
letter on the editor's desk March 16
from Mann, arts 3, complaining
about the "dire state" of campus
romance. This afficionado of
amour went on to note the
frustration which must be rampant
among the student body because of
the time devoted to academic
"I would therefore like to
suggest that men and women alike
attempt to rectify this urgent
situation by striving for greater
communication in the interest of a
better quality of campus romance," concluded the five paragraph
A few days later, a reply appeared on the desk. It came from
Johnson, arts 2, who agreed with
Mann's analysis for more social
intercourse amongst males and
females. She wanted to meet.
The last line was the invitation:
"Harry, where do you hide
yourself?" That was last Friday.
Like any upstanding UBC male
student, Mann the invitation
gracefully in a brief letter printed
in Tuesday's Ubyssey saying he
was impressed by her "willingness
to delve further into this critical
He arranged for me to act as
See page 2: SEE
In a letter to administration vice-
president Erich Vogt, Van Blarcom said removal from the AMS
would prohibit the guilty student
from entering the Pit or the Lethe,
attending student films and special
events or voting in AMS elections.
Wednesday's motion follows a
request from Vogt for ideas about
how to deal with pranksters,
slammed by UBC adminstration
president Doug Kenny after many
incident of vandalism during
engineering week.
Vogt said Thursday suspension
from the university is one way the
university could deal with
pranksters, like those who threw a
pie into Kenny's face during
engineering week in February.
But Van Blarcom said students
should not be punished
academically for non-academic
"The student members of the
(administration suspension)
committee remain strongly and
unanimously opposed to the
principle or academic penalties for
non-academic activities," Van
Blarcom says in the letter.
He said the AMS would offer its
legal services to any student
threatened with suspension for a
non-academic incident.
Incidents such as cheating on
exams are the only one that should
be punishable by suspension Van
Blarcom said.
The controversy over last week's
B.C. Student Federation and
National Union of Students fee
referendums developed further
Wednesday and Thursday with a
resignation offer, threatened
lawsuits and yet another account of
the alleged coverup of referendum
At Wednesday's meeting of the
student representative assembly,
an offer by president Dave Van
Blarcom to resign his position was
blocked when council unanimously
passed a motion of confidence in
Van Blarcom and external affairs
officer Moe Sihota.
Van Blarcom's move came after
allegations in Tuesday's Ubyssey
that he and Sihota attempted to
withold results of last week's
referendums on mandatory
student funding for BCSF and
The confidence motion was made
by SRA commerce rep Dave
Theessen and read: "That the
assembly express its confidence in
the credibility and integrity of
Dave Van Blarcom as president
and Moe Sihota as external affairs
officer of this assembly."
Theessen, past internal affairs
officer of the Alma Mater Society
student council and unsuccessful
candidate for the SRA presidency,
was responsible for the original
allegations made against Van
Blarcom and Sihota in Tuesday's
Theessen was asked if his confidence motion meant the story as
reported in The Ubyssey was
"At    the    time    I    made    the
statements, I believed them to be
true," he said.
In a statement to the assembly,
Van Blarcom termed the episode a
"black comedy of errors," yet
admitted he had perhaps fallen
down in his duties.
"Maybe I should have kept track
of council a little closer because, as
a result, it appears my credibility
has been hurt and I'm prepared to
offer my resignation to this
assembly," he said.
Van Blarcom labelled a Ubyssey
editorial critical of his actions
"clearly libelous" and cautioned
the student newspaper to be
"careful in the future."
He said he was not taking legal
action against the paper, although
he had considered it, because "a
lawsuit would be in very bad
form." n
"We've got enough to worry
about besides suing ourselves and
our editors," he said. The Ubyssey
is published by the AMS.
Brent Tynan, director of services
under the new SRA and former
AMS returning officer, said
Thursday no member of the SRA in
any way interfered with the
release of referendum result
Tynan said the counting of
ballots occured Friday evening
after the closing of polls.
Present at the counting were
himself, Theessen, Hans Buys,
forestry rep on senate, and Denise
Boutelier from Gage towers liaison
It   was   determined   that   the
referendum   results   would   be
"unofficial" pending a decision on
whether the polls would re-open on
See page 2: VOTES
Penultimate rag today
The Ubyssey would like to apologize for the fact that there was no
edition of The Ubyssey Thursday.
The Ubyssey is, in fact, winding down the school year. We had two
issues this week; next week will see only one. But what an issue it will
be! It contains The Ubyssey's annual goon issue, a parody of a well-
known magazine. It will hit the streets April Fool's Day (no kidding!)
and deadline for ads is noon, March 30; deadline for 'Tween Classes is
noon, March 31.
—Jennifer scott photo
contemporary dance group that is practicing for an upcoming display of
their art (and what have you). Ballroom dancers wear high heels. Page 2
Friday, March 26, 1976
Votes official
From page 1
Monday   for   a   further   day   of
This possibility existed because
22 polling hours had been unused in
the previous three days of polling,
Tynan said.
But when it became apparent
that the referendums had failed
and that an extfa day of polling
would not change the results, the
results became "official," Tynan
We said BCSF staffer Stew
Savard asked that the results not
be released because it was his
(Savard's) understanding that the
results were still "unofficial."
Tynan said Theessen was told by
Van Blarcom and Sihota "don't tell
the Ubyssey" because if the polls
were to be re-opened, the released
results would be prejudicial to
continued voting.
Tynan said he acted as returning
officer for the referendum because
no one else had been appointed to
the position.
It was only one of a number of
mistakes made during the
referendum  by AMS  organizers.
Savard, who allegedly asked Van
Blarcom and Sihota to smother the
negative voting results because
they would adversely affect the
status of BCSF, claimed Thursday
he never attempted to interfere in
the matter.
"There was some honest confusion at the time as to what
exactly was going on," he said.
"But I never intimated that official
figures should never be put out."
Savard said he "couldn't be
more pleased" at the vote of
confidence given Van Blarcom and
Sihota by the SRA.
Savard reported that students at
Nelson's Notre Dame University
voted Wednesday to join BCSF and
NUS by overwhelming margins.
More than 90 per cent of some 130
voters voted to join both of the two
student organizations, he said.
Final results of balloting in last
week's UBC referendum showed
UBC students voted 56.7 per cent in
favor of BCSF and 50.5 per cent for
• Voting on money matters at UBC
requires two-thirds majority for
On Tuesday, students at Vancouver Community College voted
70 per cent to join both groups and
at the University of Victoria, 55 per
cent of students voted to join
BCSF. UVic already belongs to
'See you at the dance7
From page 1
what police and matchmakers call
a "go-between" giving the editor's
private number. He said I'm
usually in at 1 p.m. which I was on
Tuesday afternoon.
At 1:10 p.m. the phone rang.
It was Heather Johnston.
"If Harold Mann wants to get
together tell him to go to the dance
in SUB on Saturday night ..." she
told me, going on to explain how
they could recognize each other.
Apparently Mann isn't the only
guy trying to date the delightfully
mysterious Johnson. A classified
ad in Tuesday's paper says: "If
Harold Mann isn't around I'm at
Tweedsmuir 203. 224-9510 ask for
Lawrence. This means you
Heather Johnson."
And in today's paper Mann has
agreed to take the challenge,
secretly dropping off a letter of
acceptance. Three engineers have
also thrown their bodies into the
ring in another letter.
If this keeps up there won't be
any virgins left on this campus.
Will Mann be man enough for
Heather Johnson? Will campus
romance be consummated at the
dance on Saturday night? Will the
gears bomb out again?
Watch for the exciting conclusion.
UBC Fine Arts Gallery
open to all UBC students
Submissions to be made in September
Exhibition will be mounted during the fall term.
For more information, call 22§^2759
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Would the special interest groups which control the media be able to
control government policy via the public or would special interests
simply lose the advantage of having to influence only a small group of
Would there be tyranny of the majority or could shared responsibility
bring general public support and agreement for necessary self-denying
economic and social policies?
In large part the recent economic recession was caused by money being
invested speculatively in land, not productively for jobs. The result was
increased land values, unemployment,.etc. Could a popularly initiated
referendum supporting very high taxes on nonproductive investment
have forced this money back into productive use, preventing recession?
Switzerland is a country where 70% of the population speaks German,
30% French, and 9% Italian; 53% are Protestant and 46% Catholic, yet
Switzerland with virtually no natural resources is the economic and
political success story of the 19th and 20th centuries. Switzerland has
The purpose of this advertisement is to gather interested people to
discuss the practicality and possibility of developing a popular base for
government by Direct Democracy. Interested write c/o Box 46637
station G Van. Friday, March 26,   1976
Page 3
Res poll favors co-ed dorms
More than 95 per cent of Place
Vanier students polled Wednesday
said they are in favor of a proposed
co-ed housing scheme next year.
But many of the 41 polled (only
for were against co-ed living) said
the idea of letting men and women
live on alternate floors is not really
co-ed housing. Few said they had
applied to live in co-ed residence.
Currently, entire residence
houses at Place Vanier contain
residents of only one sex.
Three of the nay votes in the poll
came from women.
Charlene Nordly, arts 1, said :
"First and second year students
are too immature for co-ed
housing." Nordly also said the new
arrangement "would be too noisy
and, wouldn't be comfortable."
The only objection a number of
people raised was the possibility of
excessive noise. Many felt they
would not get enough work done in
co-ed environment.
Janet Mattey, arts 1, said it
would be impractical to change
individual floors into co-ed accommodation.
Tobias Fisher, arts 2, said: "I
have a brother who lives on a co«ed
floor at Toronto's York University
and he gains no pleasure from
seeing women running around in
the morning."
Josh Gruber, area co-ordinator
for Place Vanier, said Monday only
about 130 people have applied for
places in the co-ed residences.
A total of 200 is needed to fill the
two proposed houses — Mawdsley
and Kootenay. If enough people do
not apply, then only one house will
become co-ed.
Although the majority of
students said they are in favor of
The arts faculty has approved a
senate committee's recommendation that all first-and
second-year courses at UBC have
both December and April exams.
In a close vote March 18, the
faculty endorsed the recommendation, one of several to appear in a report by the senate
committee on examinations
policies and practices.
The recommendation says that
instructors who do not wish to have
exams in their courses must justify
their reasons to thier department
head and faculty dean.
What form this jurisdiction will
take has not yet been decided.
Classics professor Malcom
McGregor, who chairs the committee, said Thursday: "In most
first-and second-year courses
examinations are a desirable
experience for students.
Pogey up for grabs
UBC students could be spending
a comfortable, work-free summer
collecting as much as $200 a week
on unemployment insurance if they
play their cards right.
To qualify for unemployment
insurance a student must be
making his or her first claim for
funds and have worked for at least
eight weeks in the past year.
The Unemployment Insurance
Commission pays benefits equal to
two-thirds of the previous wages
earned, up to a maximum of $200 a
week, excluding tax.
There is a four week waiting
period from the time an application is received until the first
unemployment cheque, for one
week's benefits, is available.
However, a UIC official said
Thursday the waiting period for
students   applying   for   unem
ployment insurance does not begin
until after they have written the
last of their final exams, even if
they apply now.
K. S. Bann UIC official said that
in most cases students unable to
find a job could collect unem-
plyment insurance during the
summer until classes resume in
UIC benefits are available for a
maximum of 18 weeks, though
Banns said if employment conditions in the applicant's area are
poor, the government can grant as
much as an extra 16 weeks of
He said although a few student
applications for unemployment
insurance have been received yet,
the department is expecting many
in the next month.
"In most cases, exams are the
best way of evaluating what a
student has learned. An essay is
not as good a way of determining a
student's abilities as an exam."
There are some courses where
the professor knows his students
very well, or in a course where the
students have already submitted a
lot of written work to the teacher,
and he knows the students and an
examination is not necessary,"
said McGregor.
"In these cases, the instructor
may go and have a reasonable chat
with the department head and say
why he feels there should not be
examinations in his course."
But McGregor said he doesn't
think a dean's decision could be
wrong if he denied a prof the right
to bypass examinations in his or
her course.
"The wise dean knows better
than a young professor. That's why
he's there. I don't believe in a
democratic university."
McGregor denied he was telling
profs how to teach their courses.
"Now, I'm not telling a professor
how to run his course. I want to
interfere as little as possible with
Also included in the report was a
recommendation urging that
regulations prohibiting exams
within two weeks of regular
examinatio periods be upheld, and
that take-home exams be
the proposal, few of those polled
have actually applied. Most think
that while the idea is good, they do
not want the extra hassle it would
Richard Hough, geography , said
co-ed housing would make people
more civilized and calm down."
"As it is now, things are archaic," he said. "Co-ed floors are
fine, but only for the more senior
Another student, Kevin Kenning,
said co-ed floors are "great with
"Doug Webber, arts 1, is also in
favor of co-ed floors. "After all,
people are people," he said.
Nancy Franst, arts 1, said she is
in favor . of the proposal, but
against the idea of co-ed floors.
"The way they want it would be
good," she said. "You could get to
know people better. The way it is
now, men stay on one side and
women on the other. Not men and
women on one floor though, it's bad
enough now with guys running
around at all hours in the women's
Murray takes city job,
may stay on board
Student board of governors
member Rick Murray said
Thursday he will be taking a full-
time job next year and will not be a
full-time student.
Murray, engineering 4, said he
will take a job with the city of
Vancouver starting this summer
but said he has not decided
whether he will take any courses
next year.
"I intend to stay on the board at
least until September," he said.
Murray's term of office expires in
December. He is graduating with a
degree in civil engineering in June.
Murray claimed in an interview
before he decided to take the job
that a resignation before his term
expires would not be in the best
interests of students.
"I'm not sure when the position
could be filled, but it couldn't be
filled until the first meeting of the
boardof governors in mid-October.
I'm not sure there would be much
point to my resigning," he said at
the time.
Murray refused Thursday to
comment on his plans beyond
Murray was elected to his second
term on the board this January
—doug field photo
TENDING THE GREEN, efficient UBC gardeners pursue their work in rockery near faculty club while cars
whizz by on Marine Drive. When it isn't raining, it beats studying.
Arts frosh, soph face more exams
along with fellow engineering
student Basil Peters.
Senate has ruled that student
board members must carry at
least six units to be eligible. Board
members are also members of the
student representative assembly of
the Alma Mater Society.
SRA members must be full-time
students under the AMS constitution.
Board members interviewed
after Murray hinted he was leaving
said they would have to get more
specifics on Murray's case and
consult the Universities Act before
Board member George Hermanson said, "If he's out working
downtown, then he shouldn't be a
student representative."
Board chairman Thomas Dohm
said, "If he isn't a student, then he
can't represent the students." But
Dohm said this does not
necessarily mean a student should
resign if he ceases to be a student
during his'terfn.
The board may have to rule on
Murray's eligibility to serve
because of unclear wording in the
Universities Act. Hermanson
suggested the SRA rule on the
NDU gets year reprieve
as McGeer supplies funds
Although NotreDame University
will receive funds to enable it to
continue operating next year,
Universities Council chairman
William Armstrong said Thursday
he has no idea how much money
NDU will receive.
Education minister Pat McGeer
announced Wednesday the
education department will follow
the recommendations of the
Universities Council and fund the
Nelson university for another year.
"He (McGeer) said NDU would
receive money, but he didn't say
how much, or whether this would
be a separate item in the budget or
come in a lump sum with the
Universities Council money,"
Armstrong said.
The provincial government
allocates a sum of money for the
three coast universities in each
year's budget. The Universities
Council then divides the money
between the universities.
NDU was formerly funded by a
separate provincial government
grant, but McGeer has placed it
under the council.
The council received one budget
from NDU earlier in the year but
rejected it as too large. NDU has
not finished preparing another
budget, Armstrong said.
"When the budget comes out
tomorrow (Friday) we will be
under immediate pressure from
the other universities to allocate
The letter read in part: "The
deputy minister (Walter Hardwick) has advised the Universities
Council of B.C. that funds intended
for NDU will not be held beyond the
deadline announced."
"That sounds like an ultimatum
to me," George said,
the money, and it's going to very
difficult without an exact idea of
how much NDU needs," Armstrong said.
Armstrong said he hoped the
government would designate some
funds in the budget speech
specifically for NDU.
NDU's acting president Val
George said Thursday he was
pleased that McGeer had definitely
said funds would be available for
the university.
He said the university is trying to
devise a new budget and decide
which programs and faculty
members to cut in accordance with
the Universities Council recommendations.
The council recommended at the
beginning of March that NDU
reduce the number of programs it
teaches and cut back on staff according to program reductions.
"We have formed a committee to
do a crash job, but we have to
make major, severe curtailments
in programs and staff, and this will
cause severe disruptions for the
students," George said.
"it is extremely late in the year
to make such changes," he said.
George said he thought earlier,
the council and deputy education
minister Walter Hardwick had
delivered an ultimatum to NDU.
He said the ultimatum came in a
letter from Armstrong telling the
NDU board of governors to present
a proposal to the council by April
15. rage *
Friday, March 26,  1976
Trusty exams
Senate's committee on exam policies and practices has
recommended that exams be mandatory for all students in all
first and second year eourses\
It's as though exams are indisputably the best way to
measure learning.
Also, without exams, students don't get their money's
worth of education, the committee says.
Another recommendation by the committee is that all
take-home exams be abolished — because of the "moral
conflict" such exams create for students.
This is not a good thing. It threatens the academic
freedom of individual professors to decide how they best
think a course should be taught and evaluated.
The committee has also recommended a loophole — profs
who don't want to give exams in their courses don't have to,
provided they gain the blessing and approval of their
department head and dean.
Sounds great in theory, doesn't it? But there are lots of
profs at UBC who don't have tenure, though they may have
some good ideas about how to teach and evaluate courses.
If senate decides to accept the recommendations of its
committee, these people are likely to accept that as the
norm, and not be willing to stick their necks out for the kind
of course evaluation they might really believe in.
Many students expect their courses to explore ideas, which
is more readily done through essays than pressured and brief
Perhaps that's an outdated ideal in these days of
knowledge that seemingly must be regurgitated verbatim on
exams before students "know" it.
As for the "moral pressure" of take-home exams, it's hard
to believe that students feel more inclined to cheat on this
type of exam than on any other form of work.
With these developments, we may as well all brace
ourselves for the day when senate's committee recommends
that essays be abolished.
After all, what about the moral pressure involved, in not
getting essay companies to supply instant essays?
The way this committee thinks, students and profs, are
only to be trusted when they're in an examination hall,
watched by the eagle eyes of supervisors.
Is this what education is all about?
It is hoped this letter will clarify
the allegations and rumors
spreading in the wake of your
recent article on the National
Union of Students and B.C. Student
Federation referendum.
There was never any serious
thought given the matter of
withholding the results of the
referendum by any Alma Mater
Society executive. On Monday
morning Moe .Sihota, Dave Van
Blarcom and Brent Tynan were
approached by Stew Savard, a
staff worker for the BCSF
regarding information on the
results of the referendum.
He was told the referendum was
approximately 800 votes short of
quorum, and the information was
that both NUS and BCSF had
received poor mandates.
The point was raised by Savard
that showing a poor mandate at
UBC would damage the lobbying
stature of BCSF, particularly in
upcoming talks with the provincial
Savard also stated that in the
past, ballots had not been counted,
nor votes released in referenda
which lacked quorum, reasoning
that a valid sampling of opinion
had not been taken. Savard
claimed that there was a precedent
in a previous AMS referendum,
which should be applied to the
present case.
His request not to release results
was not taken seriously by any
member of the executive, although
this was not made clear to Savard,
who was clearly and understandably in a distressed state.
The "45 minutes" of Van Blar-
com's consideration was simply
the time elapsed following Van
Blarcom's acknowledging to
Savard that there may be
precedent and his reaffirmation
with Brent Tynan of the original
consensus that, regardless of any
such precedent, the results would
clearly have to be released.
That withholding the results was
never taken seriously is clearly
demonstrated by the fact that both
Van Blarcom and Sihota freely
gave the results to the Ubyssey
reporter, Chris Gainor, that
morning and afternoon.
Sihota questioned Theessen
about past AMS policy on counting
referendum results in cases where
no quorum had been reached.
Agreement was reached between
them at the end of the conversation
on the correct procedure to follow.
He was simply requesting a
clarification of election
However, since Theessen was
unaware of the discussions with
Savard, questions put to him about
the precedent of not counting no-
quorum results were taken out of
context, and the idea attributed to
Sihota and Van Blarcom.
Hopefully, although AMS
executives may be held up for close
and public scrutiny, the student
body will keep the realistic conception that execs are not conniving politicians — there is no
rakeoff for us, we just do our jobs
as best we can, and hope people
benefit in the long run.
David Van Blarcom
student representative assembly
Moe Sihota
external affairs director
Dave Theessen
former internal affairs officer
We are sure that Johnson is only
one of_thousands of lonely women
on campus.
And yet, there are nearly 1,000
engineers spread out over the
Why, then, Heather, don't you
forsake Mann or any other art-
sman, and take us up in our
promotion of campus  romance?
We are serious young men,
wishing to promote campus
romance, and wanting to save poor
females from falling into the
clutches of that pitiful sect of
manhood, the artsmen.
Heather, if you and your friends
are interested in conducting a
discussion on campus romance,
feel free to write a reply to us
through the Letters to the Editor
section of this newspaper.
Perhaps we may contact each
other  in this   next  week  before
exams, and enlighten ourselves in
the search for campus romance.
Brian Wing
Brian McParland
Kevin Kardos
all applied science 1
A red flower eh?
I will be seeing you Saturday
night, Heather.
Harold Mann
arts 3
Scandal 2
I notice that in an article devoted
to the subject of how various
people tried to hush it up, the actual vote tallies for the National
Union of Students/B.C. Student
Federation referenda are not
Could this mean that at the time
of the article (or perhaps you
would prefer 'controversy'?) there
was no official count?
I am not familiar with the details
of the coverup, nor, due to lack of
figures in The Ubyssey, the final
count on the referenda.
However, the history of UBC's
involvement in BCSF is a bad story
with a bad end — at least for the
time being.
The NUS and the BCSF are
federations of students. As strong
It has come to our attention that
member(s) of the arts undergraduate society (e.g. Harold
Mann) are attempting to promote
campus romance.
In light of his response from
Heather Johnson, we, being prime
examples of the best that the
engineering undergraduate society
can provide in the way of
masculinity, hereby announce our
interest in promoting campus
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration.- Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments,
228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Gary Coull
Today's secret message. Alright, Ubyssey staffers, whip out your secret
decoding rings. Remember: elephants mean 11 o'clock, and pomegranets
means there are at least two on the back porch. Now here's the message:
There is no Heather Walker the Nancy southam of any Bill Tieleman is
always Marcus Gee by the common Sue Vohanka (do not confuse with of
the common Doug Rushton) suffered by both Gary Coull and Chris Gainor
of the group. However, Paisley Woodward and Anne Wallace were available
on the Jean Randall in Peter Cummings is especially Mark Lepitre. Susan
Borys is sometimes viewed in terms of her Doug Field, her Tom Barnes
proved through studies of Matt King differences. But usually Merrilee
Robson is seen simply as Bob Diotte to David-Morton (not Ian Morton,
gang). Bruce Baugh's own Stan Hyde and Greg Strong have been largely
Margrett George. In Peter Duffy, 121,000 Mark Buckshons entered Brian
Gibbard. Solution to Tuesday's coded message: Gregg Thompson sucks
farts and Dave Wilkinson fucks Sartre. Score no points if you missed the
as we are through our local student
societies is as strong and effective
we are in our provincial and
national bodies.
And UBC's student council is
totally ineffectual. The reason
UBC students generally don't know
what council is doing is because
there's nothing to know.
A new constitution was designed
to change things. I don't think a
new constitution is sufficient to
change the attitudes of student
voters and student reps alike.
It has always been in the interests of student reps to keep
information from the students and
thus to foster the very popular
phenomenon known by some as
apathy, by others as ignorance.
Thus far, student voters have
allowed this to happen just as they
have allowed themselves to be
ripped off by high residence and
food costs, low-quality, expensive
housing, rising tuition fees and an
ineffectual student aid plan.
The UBC student council voted to
have a joint referendum on NUS
and BCSF. It donated all of $190 to
an information campaign. One
member of council and I were the
only UBC people involved in the
We made a mistake. We should
have said "no" then and there.
Instead, we thought UBC students
are important; they have a right to
We spent about $200 of our own
money (some of us have jobs, none
of us is rich) and we worked our
butts off. The result was that UBC
students voted yes to BCSF, and
voted marginally to support NUS.
That 57 per cent would have been
enough on almost any other
campus in Canada to join.
Suggestions that results would
damage BCSF credibility in -a
meeting with education minister
Pat McGeer are false.
We knew that to get 3,500 UBC
students to vote would be . extremely difficult. A two-thirds vote
in favor was damn near impossible
first time around.
See page 5: CONT'D Friday, March  26,   1976
Page 5
From page 4
The fact that UBC council failed
to even staff half the polling
stations is typical of the
irresponsibility of its members to
its constituents.
The fact that Dave Theessen,
who is not the returning officer nor
an officer of the AMS, opened the
ballot boxes before voting was
officially closed is appalling.
The fact that the person at the
centre of all these irregularities is
Theeseen is significant.
(Theessen will probably write a
very prim outraged letter in
response to the above. But watch
him. This is his third year on
council and what work can you
think of his doing for you? He's
working for a job after graduation,
not for students.)
Then, of course, there is the
alleged coverup. Having seen no
official vote tally as of today
(Tuesday) I ask coverup of what?
The fact that three people would
consider a coverup is reprehensible. But what were they attempting to coverup? An unofficial
vote count before the official
closing of the polls done by an
individual who "had no business
opening the ballot boxes, never
mind handling the votes.
Where was the returning officer,
Brent Tynan?
Were the people accused by
Theessen attempting a coverup up
or were they trying to ensure that
voting results were fair and accurate?
The entire referenda were run in
an appalling manner. To this day
no one knows what quorum, the
number of people required to vote,
Brent Tynan, the returning officer, is not the sole person
responsible. For years UBC
couneil has passed motions opposing the use of free, exploitive
labor, but when it comes to its own
students it refuses to pay them to
staff polling booths.
That's how important voting is to
our student reps. That's how they
act on their principles.
Is that what we, the students of
UBC, want?
For better or worse UBC is out of
BCSF and NUS. Better, because
other post-secondary institutions
won't have to put up with the
negative, irresponsible backbiting
of some UBC student councillors.
Worse, because UBC students face
the same problems as students
across the country, but we'll be
facing ours alone with irresponsible careless leaders.
Lake Sagaris
arts 3
Scandal 3
Gee whiz — you guys! Picture it
— evil little types chasing around
the dark corridors of upper SUB
trying to shush up super doer,
Dave Theessen. Shades of wonder-
Can I shed some light maybe?
My brother Stew and I arrived to
pickup polling stuff so as to run the
extra day of voting for the National ■
Union of Students/BCSF thing.
The big meeting, held in the
hallway outside Alma Mater
Society was conducted among four
"conspirators" — two BCSF staff,
one AMS person, and the NUS rep.
(I was the inintended but interested spectator).
Please note, contrary to your
story, no BCSF executive people
were there, or involved in the
resulting discussions.
The approximately six-minute
meeting went roughly as follows:
1) Dave Theessen had made a
, count indicating that BCSF had, up
to that point, less than the two-
thirds needed to win the vote and
NUS was trailing further behind.
2) Questions of what the official
quorum was — no one knew —
another AMS foulup. It wasn't
clear if 300 or 800 more votes were
needed to make quorum, and
whether it was in fact legally
possible to extend the voting for
another day.
3) A discussion on the problem
that since students didn't know of
another day of voting it probably
wouldn't do much good to put out
polls .— especially if it was
necessary to get more than 800
students to come out and vote.
4) Comments on AMS inefficiency in providing adequate
polls during the preceeding three
5) Finally a decision was
reached not to ask to hold a
Monday vote.
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Curious about
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Come to the
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Friday, March 26
at 12:30 p.m.
to hear
Dr. Helga Jacobsen
6) And lastly a discussion on
holding up on releasing unofficial
ballot tallies until later in the day
because the news might affect
referendums scheduled that day at
Langara and Victoria.
The Ubyssey has decided that
the most outrageous part of this
discussion was the idea to "suppress" the "bad" news of the vote.
Frankly, I question this emphasis. For me the big question has
to do with Dave Theessen's actions
in all this.
He was not the returning officer,
he should therefore not have had
access to the ballot boxes, he
should not have made any kind of
count, and most importantly he
should not have released this information to anyone (not to the
polling people or The Ubyssey) —
especially as there was the
possibility of at least a full day's
voting left.
I find his actions ethically
He has a position of trust and
responsibility. If this is his way of
upholding that office, maybe we all
should question his ability to
continue in it.
And then really people, how
could anyone expect to muzzle
someone who was so- obviously out
to tell everything to everyone?
Suzanne Savard
unclassified 6
I really must protest against the
mistaken attribution to me of a
near-libellous statement on page 3
of your issue of March 23.
What I actually said was
something to this effect: a well
functioning board of governors
requires government appointees of
high calibre.
If they cannot count on a fixed
term in office, such persons are not
likely to be willing to serve, so that
the available appointees will be
persons of more limited intellectual capacities who place a
high value on the "status" aspects
of board membership.
I should be grateful if you would
publish this correction.
Gideon Rosenbluth
economics professor
board of governors member
Please consult your Departmental Advisor
(Department Office) or Faculty Advisor (Hut
0-11) before leaving the campus in April for
counselling regarding your 1976/77 academic
Co-op books
Late in January I went into the
Co-op Bookstore in SUB's
basement to check whether some
of the books I had consigned had
been sold.
' To my surprise, one of the books
— a $15 text — was missing. The
girl in the shop, whom I understand
is the manager, told me that it was
quite likely that the book had just
been mis-shelved, and that I should
come back in about a month's time
to see whether it had turned up.
In addition, she informed me
that in the event that someone had
stolen my book, I would only be
given 30 per cent of the book's
Apparently, they tell this to
people when they are consigning
books, but in the three years that I
have been consigning, I had never
been.told this.
However, since this fact is posted
on the door (albeit in rather small
letters), I guess I have no grounds
for complaint here.
In any case, I returned about six
weeks later. I left it that long
because although I needed the
money, I don't like bugging people,
so I thought I'd give the book a
good chance to turn up.
When I went back (about two
weeks ago) the girl there (a different one this time) told me the
*book didn't appear to have been
found, but that I'd have to talk to
the manager before anything could
be done.
I went back last week. Immediately after I had explained to
the manager who I was she
became quite nasty, telling me that
she had "told" me to come back
the day after I had been there the
first time (which she hadn't), that
the book had been sitting behind
the counter ever since then (I still
haven't figured out why) and that,
furthermore, I had better take my
books and leave since she didn't
want customers like me.
Obviously, there had been some
sort of a misunderstanding
somewhere, but since she didn't
seem prepared to discuss the
matter in a civilized manner, I
picked up my belongings and
prepared to leave.
As a parting shot, she flung some
rather abusive language at me as I
walked out the door.
I would like to warn other people
who are considering consigning
books to the Co-op bookstore to
malke certain that they realize
beforehand how little they will get
for them if they are stolen (and,
according to the one girl, they lose
quite a few).
As for myself, I certainly won't
be patronizing that establishment
again — which is unfortunate,
since I am totally in favor of the
idea of students exchanging old
textbooks via such an
Julie Ourom
arts 4
-if /-■;'■■. <■       fi
Over 150 styles
Hand Embroidered
100% Cotton Products - Pre-shrunk - Pant Tops —
Shirts — Harem Pants — Patched Skirts
Nomadic Costumes
11:00 - 7:00 daily, Friday til 9:00
Friday, March 26, - 1976 - 12:30 p.m.
All Graduate Students Please Come!
1. Graduate Student (T.A.) Funding Study
2. G.S.A. Financial Report
3. Policy on Supplementary Conference Grants to Grad Students
4. Application for funds to ship used clothes to Africa
5. Policy on G.S.A. funding of graduate student sports activities
(eg. hockey-ice time)
Azania (South Africa)
Director of Foreign Affairs of
Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
TODAY 7:30 p.m.
Sponsored by: Arts Undergraduate Society
Provisional Zimbabwe Solidarity Committee
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) inc UBY55EY
Friday, March 26, 1976
Introducing Clarks
Clarks has invented a wholly new
kind of shoe that's made to be more
comfortable, more durable, than any
ordinary shoe. It's called Polyveldt,
and only Clarks Canada has it
We think you've had
enough holes in your leather
soles, enough erosion in
your rubber soles, enough
peeling and splitting in
your cushion crepe soles.
Polyveldt puts an end to
all that. Its sole is an incredibly durable new material. In abrasion tests, the
Polyveldt sole has outlasted
leather, rubber and crepe. Polyveldt
shoes we've tested
showed barely a change
in the sole after a year
and a half of constant
wear. The Polyveldt is
lighter, so it doesn't
cause the kind of
fatigue other shoes do.
Flexible, so it moves the
way your foot does. And it doesn't
mark surfaces like so many other
soles do.
In addition, the Polyveldt sole has
proved to excel in traction on wood,
stone, tile, concrete, every kind of
surface we could find. So climbing
up a rocky slope or running for a bus,
you're more surefooted with the
Polyveldt sole.
But the most important characteristic of Polyveldt is its comfort.
In a regular shoe, if you stepped on a
sharp rock, you'd feel the point
through the sole. In a Polyveldt, the
sole accommodates the unevenness,
acts as a shock absorber, and
^keeps your foot evenly cushioned. The shaping of the
sole was determined
by careful study of
your foot. When
you walk, your
body weight shifts
from side to side,
putting "rolling pressure" on all the
tiny bones in your feet. When this
weight shift is uneven, it causes
more wear on one side of the average
heel than the other. But Polyveldt is
made to help resist this uneven wear,
keeping your foot as level as possible
so as not to put too much pressure
on any one part of your foot.
The upper form of the shoe is
made of the highest quality
leather, carefully treated
and prepared by
experts in
before it qualifies
for the Polyveldt
shoe. Thick cut and
carefully molded, it rounds out the
total comfort and quality of the
Polyveldt is revolutionizing footwear, setting a standard that all
manufacturers should try to meet.
Come in for a test run and see
for yourself. We've told you as
much as we can, your feet will tell
you the rest.
Polyveldt. Only from Clarks
Canada and available at better shoe
retailers and department stores
across Canada and the United States.
Available in dark brown and workboot yellow.
High and low cut.
The people who gave you Clark* ! Desert Boots ". Clarks "
Wallabees  . and Clarks" Trek1'. Friday,  March  26,   1976
Page 7
Habitat Forum:
an alternative
There are nine wornout muddy men sitting in Al Clapp's office, sharing thoughts
about the Habitat Forum site. It is another
typical Vancouver day — wet and
They have spent the day shaking the roof
on the boardwalk, and moving logs around
the site. It's been a long day.
It's 5:30 p.m., and most of the Jericho
work force has left the site. Only these few
workers remain behind.
Roger, the fellow in charge of Hanger 7,
where the social centre and media display
will be, walks in with a case of wine.
"Here are a few bottles of wine we might
bring in for the bar. I need some tasters.
Anybody want to try some?" he asks.
Such is a typical afternoon at the Habitat
Forum site, where the Non-Governmental
Organizations (NGO) will be based, later on
this spring. Spontaneity is second nature.
Habitat Forum — what is it about?
outlined by the NGO committee for Habitat
to serve as the subject for the daily
plenary sessions at the Forum.
The man-made and the natural environment, land use and ownership, community involvement in improving the
quality of life, human settlements in rural
areas, and national settlements policies are
some of the themes.   ■
As well there will be daily workshops for
Clapp, who is responsible for the huge
endeavor, has an amazingly cool presence
about him. His manner is low-key and easy.
His calmness and ability to deal with the
venture keeps the work force in check.
"We control this space," he tells the men
HABITAT FORUM BANNERS . . . displayed in former hangar
Habitat Forum is the collective name for
the NGO activities related to Habitat: the
United Nations conference on Human
Settlements that will be taking place in
Vancouver May 31 to June 11.
Anyone may participate in the Forum —
as an individual or through an organization.
According to some estimates, the Forum
will attract at least 300 participants, but
other estimates have reached 10,000.
This 'alternate' or 'counter' conference
could well be far more interesting than the
official conference in that there are many
issues governments either cannot, or will
not, discuss in public.
Habitat Forum will be centred at Jericho
Beach Park, the 17-acre, former RCAF
seaplane base. Five large aircraft hangers
grouped around a large paved area are
being transformed into meeting rooms,
theatres, exhibition halls, workshops,
restaurants, lounges and snack bars.
The theme and decorative style will be
early British Columbian, to recall the fact
that Jericho was a meeting place for the
Coast Indians, long before the city of
Vancouver was even thought of.
The Indians called it 'Eyalmoch', which
means good camping ground.
The work of renovation and construction
is being done on a very low budget with a
maximum use of donated and recycled
materials by a work force numbering some
100 persons employed under a special
federal-provincial joint program.
The Forum will start May 27, four days
before the official UN conference begins. To
date,   nine   central   themes   have   been
Footwear Importers
4564 West 10th Ave.
4254 East Hastings,
Closed all day Saturday
& Trek
770 Granville St.
516 W. Hastings St.
smaller discussion. Workshop ideas include: post-disaster housing, tall buildings,
women and human settlements, transportation planning, building with nature,
and co-operative housing.
Al Clapp is the 'producer,' the bull of the
woods, at Habitat Forum. He is a former
B.C. Television news producer. He also was
the man who co-ordinated the Greenpeace
anti-whaling expedition send-off at Jericho
last summer. Why did he get into this?
"To save these buildings," he answers
quietly, as he looks out his office window at
the hangers. He sits at his desk, feet up on it,
twirling his tweed cap.    .
"The Greenpeace endeavor happened
because I wanted to expose as many people
as I could to this space. People in Vancouver
thought this site to be just a deserted air
force base. You know —- the fence around it,
all empty.
"They would drive by it in their cars and
stare, thinking it would be there the next
time they drove by.
"Well, they didn't know there was a
demolition contract up for buildings three,
six; and 13," he says.
So Clapp suggested, to a preliminary
meeting for Habitat Forum at the MacMillan Planetarium a couple of years ago,
the Jericho site for the alternative conference.
"If people don't pick up on this space
during the conference, well . . . then that's
The Jericho site belongs to the City of
Vancouver, specifically the parks board.
This means the fate of the site after the
conference is over is in the hands of Vancouver city council. And no one at city hall is
saying anything about post-Forum plans for
the site.
But Mayor Art Phillips' on-again-off-
again attitude towards holding the UN
Conference on Human Settlements in
Vancouver has had little effect on the plans
and energies of the Forum.
Last fall, Phillips was against holding the
UN Conference in Vancouver because of the
alleged hostile threat the Palestinian
Liberation Organization's presence would
have. He was worried about security, which
was a valid argument.
Phillips even went to the extent of voting
on the conference at a city council meeting,
after Ottawa had signed an agreement with
the UN stating Vancouver would be the site
for the Conference.
Council voted nine to one to cancel
Habitat, citing concerns such as possible
confrontations and the need for heavy
security measures would be provided. And
so it goes.
Mayor Phillips visited the site for the first
time last Saturday. It was an unofficial visit.
He came with his lady friend, Carole Taylor.
They toured the site, children in tow,
checking things out.
at the Friday afternoon meeting, as they
drink beer. "It's ours and we are building it.
Don't let those official people get you down,
when they come down here and try and rearrange our designs.
"They are no different or higher up on the
pole than we are. Keep that in mind," he
tells them.
He constantly reassures them. Some of
them worry the site won't be finished in
"I hate to get into this space, but we aren't
cleaning up enough. Let's tighten up a bit."
Clapp tells the assembled fellows they're
all in it together. They are running the show.
It's a loose arrangement, but that's to be
expected. They are all equal. That's basic.
His message to the workers at this
meeting was simple. They have to start
thinking ahead of their immediate space.
"We have to start thinking about the
content of what will come down at the
conference," he says. "Right now we are too
.into building, and thinking of how the site
will look.
"That's cool, but we have to begin talking
about what will come out of the conference.
Think about the content."
There have been times though, when he
has come down on workers. Some people
have been fired and others have left because
of disagreement with the way the site should
be run.
The Forum site consists of five hangers,
with one other building that will house the
press and security people.
Hanger 8 will be given over to meeting
space and alternate energy displays. At the
moment it holds workshops for painting,
sewing, and woodworking, as well as the
management offices.
Hanger 7 will be the social centre, with an
international food village, bar, seating area,
stage, and entertainment centre. The stand-
up 200 foot bar is being made from red and
yellow cedar. West coast Indian, Japanese,
Mediterranean, and East Indian food will be
Wines from B.C., California, and Europe,
as well as beer is proposed. Hopefully, the
wine will be served from old wooden
kegs . . . but the Vancouver Health
department is not sure on that one.
In Hanger 5, most of the talking and
discussions will take place. It will hold 2,500
people, upon layered tiers, rhade from fir,
hemlock, and some cedar. The plenary
sessions will be held here.
Hanger 6, to the right of Hanger 5, will be
equipped with bleachers for performance
events. On each side of Hangers 5 and 6 are
smaller meeting rooms of various sizes,
holding between 20 and 150 people.
Hanger 3 houses the sawmill, which will
remain operational throughout the conference. It has been loaned by the Provincial
Government and has been sawing logs
salvaged off beaches from Horseshoe Bay to
Bo wen Island.
This hanger will also hold alternate
energy displays and exhibits. But the
building has caused some headaches.
The northend of the hanger, which extends
over the water, is caved in. The latest idea
for the hole in the floor is for the Vancouver
Aquarium to make a tidal pool in it.
Connecting all the hangers is a boardwalk
made from cedar, fir, and some pine wood.
The effect of the boardwalk creates a sense
of continuity, by linking the vast expanse of
(And there always is that lingering
thought that it might just rain. . .)
There is still a considerable amount of
work to be completed before thousands of
non-governmental advisors, planners, architects, environmentalists, and engineers
But when you visit the site, (there are
public tours on Sunday afternoons), it's
never quiet — even when the work force has
finished for the day.
During the weekdays, there is a constant
hum of chainsaws, hammers, and
telephones ringing.
And when the day's work is done . . . there
is usually somebody riding around the site
on a bicycle, whistling.
LOG RAISED . . . walkway under construction Page 8
Friday, March 26,  1976
Meeting productive'
BCSF sees brass
Representatives of the B.C.
Student Federation had rare, kind
words for the provincial cabinet
Thursday after emerging from a
meeting with the Social Credit
BCSF chairwoman Lake Sagaris
said the ministers were friendly
and described the meetings as
"generally productive."
Sagaris said one of the two main
accomplishments of the meetings
was that the cabinet agreed to
meet with the BCSF again.
Sagaris said the cabinet also
agreed to give the BCSF input into
some aspects of education
department decision making. She
did not say where the BCSF input
would come.
"Basically what we wanted is
representation and further
meeting," she said. "We got some
offers of representation and a
guarantee of further," Sagaris
Also discussed in the meeting
was the government's Careers '76
summer job program.
According to labor minister
Allan Williams, an announcement
of phase two of the program can be
expected in the next few days.
When asked about the present
funding for the program, Williams
said it had already been released.
Vendors referendum set
for date in September
The Alma Mater Society will
hold a referendum in September to
decide whether vendors will be
allowed to sell their wares in SUB.
The student court of the student
representative assembly Wednesday ruled the vendors' petition
valid after approving the petition's
The AMS constitution stipulates
that a referendum must be held
within 21 days after a petition is
determined to be valid.
The referendum will be held in
the first two weeks of September
because the constitution says a
referendum must be held during
the school year.
Fifteen per cent of the student
body must vote in the referendum
with at least two-thirds in favor
before it can pass.
SRA president Dave Van
r Blarcom said Thursday the
petition asking for a referendum
had about 1,500 signatures, but said
many were invalid because student
numbers were not included.
A petition must have 500
- signatures before a referendum
can be held.
The vendors were ousted from
the SUB concourse by an AMS
motion last November.
The AMS said the vendors were
evicted   because   they   blocked
pedestrian traffic in SUB, were fire
hazards, took away business from
the AMS co-op bookstore in SUB's
basement and weren't students,
but outside commercial merchants.
Alter their eviction, the vendors
set up stalls outside SUB where
they circulated the petitions
demanding they be allowed to sell
their wares inside SUB.
When asked if the SRA could
overturn the earlier AMS motion
and make a referendum unnecessary, Van Blarcom said that
the referendum would have to go
ahead regardless of a motion from
the student administration commission.
"If a motion such as that was
brought up it could go to student
court," he said.
In a story in Tuesday's Ubyssey,
it was stated that a petition being
circulated in the faculty of arts was
the responsibility of history
professor Ed Hundert.
In fact, Hundert shares sponsorship of the petition with fellow
history prof Ivan Avakumovic.
The Ubyssey regrets the
omission and any embarrassment
this may have caused to the
1801 West Sth Avenue, Vancouver B.C. Telephone: 7310912
march 25 april 3 /it
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opened daily 8-6
Ihursday, friday 8-9
closed on Sunday
BOX 118-SUB.
REQUEST FOR FUNDS IS $2,500   NOT $6,000
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Course            _    Year._.=	 And here we have it . . . the annual PF portrait. One big,
happy family, right? But for the inhabitants of PF Place, the
underlying scandalous plots reveal themselves. Mr. (Stan)
Hyde deliberately ignores with folded-arm silence the
questionable escapades of Bob Rayfieid as he slyly pinches
Merrilee Robson's bum. Ted Collins contemplates pulling his
toque over his eyes to avoid the situation while Eric Ivan Berg,
security cop and poet laureate, makes a move to protect the
innocent, smiling, young thing. Dirty old man, Ron Binns,
considers clouting him over the head with his trusty umbrella
while the Morton brothers, Ian (proudly) and David (abashed),
pose for the picture. Margrett George wonders how she can get
the same attention while Greg Strong watches to see how he can
give it to her. A shocked Susan Borys can not believe it's happening but Brian "Big Fella" Gibbard concentrates on
whispering lewd suggestions in Anne Wallace's ear. (Nudge,
nudge, wink, wink — know what I mean?) She just giggled at
the thought. Bearded "big-daddy" Bob Diotte, drunk again,
could only sit in the midst of it all and grin complacently.
(Afraid of what they might reveal about themselves, Bruce
Baugh and Peter Cummings hid under the table.)
—ma reus gee photo Liberated lady wins shoemaker
Hobson's Choice is essentially a
Victorian comedy. But the exciting
and refreshing aspect of this play
is the unconventiality of the
heroine, Maggie.
Hobson's Choice
By Harold Brighouse
Directed by Anthony Holland
At Studio 58, Langara until April 8.
Maggie is the eldest daughter of
Henry Hobson, the proprietor of a
shoe shop in Salford, Lancashire.
He is a typically sexist Victorian
merchant; his daughters work in
the shop without wages and he
constantly complains about having
too many women around. Hobson,
however, is bright enough to
realize that Maggie is a valuable
asset to his shop and he makes no
plans to marry her off, telling her
that she's on the shelf at 30.
Fortunately, Maggie has no
intention of submissively settling
into spinsterhood. She proposes to
her father's best shoemaker,
sweeping him off his feet and
winning him away, in a matter of
minutes, from his clinging-vine
fiancee. Maggie is delightful. She
arranges her marriage very
capably and then sets out to
liberate her sisters as well.
The sisters are not quite so
delightful. They are stereo-
typically pretty, silly women. They
are not even able to appreciate
their sister. They do, however,
provide effective foils for Maggie.
Pamela Harris is excellent as
Maggie. She balances severity and
tenderness judiciously, making her
character very credible. Her
Lancashire accent leaves,
perhaps, a little to be desired but
the strength she brings to her
characterization makes up for this
Willie Mossop, the forelock-
pulling shoemaker who is taken
Maggie gets man
under Maggie's capable wing, is
played by Greg Dennett, with
hilarious results. Dennett also
seems quite comfortable with the
dialect. Although at times his
performance is a trifle
exaggerated he is an excellent
compliment to Harris' Maggie.
Their love story is as touching as
it is funny. Although it is obvious
that Maggie is in charge, she does
not rob Will of his dignity. In fact, it
is Maggie's love that dignifies Will.
Their marriage is one of convenience; he makes the boots, she
sells them. But they compliment
each other in more ways than one
and the fact that they have
reversed the traditional courtship
rules does not make their
relationship less worthy.
Mark Achespn plays the
drunken, bullying Henry Hobson
well but his characterization is
disturbingly similar to a previous
performance in Studio 58's Diary of
Anne Frank. In any case, he is
quite funny as the disgusting old
merchant who tries to play King
Lear when his daughters finally
escape him.
Vince Metcalfe, in a cameo role
as Hobson's shop foreman, proves,
if not as everyone's favourite
Minister of Human Resources
says, that women make the best
cooks, that at least he makes a
very bad one. The scene where he
makes breakfast for Hobson is one
of the funniest in the play. Unfortunately the extremely wide
stage area made this piece of
business, in one corner of the
stage, very difficult to see.
But the main strength of the play
lies in Maggie. The other
characters, with the exception of
Will, tend to become flat. Maggie is
a'character we can believe in. We
can sympathize with her emotions.
Her struggle is real and the way
she handles her problems is
amusing and encouraging.
Should women thinh?
Nellie McClung, one of Canada's
earliest feminists once raised the
question: "Should women think?"
If the book Women in the Canadian
Mosaic is any indication, they not
only should but are already doing
so. Eighteen women have compiled
. . . writing through barriers
a collection of essays to try and
define the role Canadian women
are attempting.
What exactly this role is, is not
made clear, but it appears to be
somewhere between the
radicalism of the English suffragettes and the rough
domesticity the first Canadian
settlers required. As much as they
accomplished, early women's
rights movements were not quite
as urgently advocated as Ms.
McClung's motto "get the thing
done and let them howl," suggests.
But none of the contributors to
Canadian Women are extremists in
their beliefs. In fact, parts of the
book read like a grammar school
history text, neither inspired nor
commentative. Deborah Gorham,
women's studies instructor at
Carleton, says that "it would be
unfortunate to enclose Canadian
feminism in a new orthodoxy at
this stage in the discovery of its
Perhaps this is the embarrassed
stage Fiona Nelson, former
member of the Metropolitan
Toronto School Board, describes
where "people who cling to the old
attitude will believe they are right,
but know it isn't popular, and won't
pursue it." Instead, we are left
with a silence. Could it be
Canadian women aren't just interested?
Some, such as Frances Wilson,
believe it is due to a lack of
education on female/male
One of the exciting aspects of
teaching this kind of class in a
community college in Canada is
that you do not face the converted.
When one meets a class at the
beginning of a semester, it is
unusual to find a committed
feminist in the group. The students
are there for many reasons, often
as trivial as the fact that it was the
only course that fitted into their
Women in the Canadian Mosaic
does not intend to educate us about
any relationships. Instead, the
view of female roles is explored on
a much more personal level by
those who have had to face a male-
dominated area in their field.
Writer Margaret Atwood relates
the problems as the Sexual
Compliirtent/Putdown :
She: How do you like my [design
for an airplane/mathematical
formula/medical miracle]?
He: You sure have a nice ass.
But female discrimination is not
only found in the male sex as
sculptor Maryon Kantaroff
Some of my female experience
did enter into my earlier work, but
I fought against it. Soft or warm
shapes seemed weak and flabby to
me. . . .
These are the kinds of attitudes
that hold women apart, which
brings out another lack in Mosaic.
All the women who have written
are professionals and possess the
abilities that have placed them in a
position of awareness. However,
the book is aimed at many of their
kind that have not the facilities to
do the same. Yet there is no
direction for these women to
follow, especially for housewives
SISTERS . . . stereotyped women
Page Friday. 2
Friday, March 26, 1976 INTERV>
As a year end special, Page Friday gives you two bonus interviews.
Bruce Baugh conducts the first one with DJs John Tanner
and J. B. Shane concerning their recent firings from CKLG-FM.
Then F. O. talks to internationally known sitarist Ravi Shankar.
A few weeks ago, Page Friday spoke with
the program director of CKLG-FM, Bob
Morris, about the changing sound of the
radio station. This week, two of the disc
jockeys recently fired from 'LG-FM, John
Tanner and J. B. Shane, give their opinion
about the changes in CKLG-FM and explain
why they were fired.
PF: Why were you fired from CKLG-FM?
Tanner: The reason that was given to me
was that we —this "we" is the management
—matt king photos
fired to avoid hassles
speaking — "we are going to change the
music format very soon and because we
don't feel that you will go along with the
changes in the rriusic format, to avoid any
hassles in the future we're going to fire you
Shane: That's the main reason that they
gave. I think underlying a lot of it goes back
to the union hassle, and although Don
Hamilton claimed that he had "cleaned the
slate" as of the first of May when we went
back in there to work, the feeling is that a
strike could happen again, even though the
union was decertified. If in fact this is the
case, there's a chance that we may be
blacklisted from working in any other radio
station in Canada. I'm not saying that this is
a fact, but it's possible and I want to look
into it and find out about it.
PF: You think you may have been
blacklisted because of your involvement
with the union?
S.: Exactly. The Canadian Association of
Broadcasters is a very closely knit little
family of people with a lot of money and a lot
of power, and the unions have always been a
threat to them. Any chance that a union
would get into a radio station, they would
want to take care of it before it happens. If
the possibility should arise again, then
they'd have another battle on their hands,
and they don't want to face that. So they'll
try to get rid of the troublemakers now.
They'll deny it. They always would. They
couldn't admit that's any reason at all.
PF: So do you think that you were fired
because of political reasons, rather than
differences in musical opinions?
S.: No, I think it's a combination of
various reasons. I think that the one John
gave is probably the closest to the actual
Bob Morris is programming the way he
feels it should be, as far as he knows it. The
basis of his programming is that CKLG-FM
wants to attract the largest mass audience
possible, and the way to do that is to reach
for the common denominator as far as the
listening masses go. It has nothing to do with
taste or anything. You play what's really
You appeal to people who don't really
want to think too much. They want to use
FM as a background sound, as a radio that's
not there but it's there if you want it. In
doing that, I think they're trying to attract a
wider range of the listening audience than
they already have.
I don't think they're going to do that,
because I think FM for a lot of people is an
alternative. Alternative as a form of
programming, as a radio station. I think
that there's a very good chance that they'll
find out before too long that they've lost
more than they've gained. But then I may be
wrong. They may have attracted more
Shankar speaks mind
Arrive faculty club. Ask lady behind a
glass enclosure: Where do we go for the
interview with Ravi Shankar? Salon B for
Bob. Find salon B for Bob. It is a room which
resembles a lunchroom for psychiatric
nurses located near the INTENSIVE CARE
cell. Sent soundman to hustle the interview.
No. They didn't suffer any indignities at
immigration; but the parking lot attendent
at the airport was a drag. He wouldn't let the
Lincoln park illegally, even though it was a
limo, to wait for the great man. Take Ravi to
small room. He closes himself and begins to
tune his instrument just in case something
went weird at 30,000 feet moving across
gravity as fast as can be.
Bad omen: six chairs around the interview table. Remove four.
Arrive Ravi.
Ravi's got on a vest over a printed shirt,
brownish double-knit slacks, black plastic
bifocals, matching socks, sandles.
(Throughout the following interview Ravi
will slowly but progressively inch his feet
out of the sandles but they will never come
completely out.)
F.: You are from the oldest city on earth.
You have come to perhaps one of the
youngest cities on earth.
Ravi: That's quite true.
F.: By Indian standards, how would you
characterize our culture? (Ten thousand
years as opposed to 200 years.) Infant?
R.: Young is a better word. I don't think
the period of adolescence can be considered
now, because there is a lot more maturity
now. Fifteen years ago you could have said
F.: Given that we have had such a short
time to get civilized, how can you praise our
R.: What is very exciting to me as an
outsider, who belongs to a very old culture,
is your skilfullness. You are not very much
influenced by anything. You have a desire to
reach out. You arenot blase like many of the
European countries which have a
tremendous culture of their own. They have
pride. Pride is good but it also leads to a
tendency to lack appreciation of other good
things in another nation or culture. That is
something I find very wonderful in North
F.: In what ways do you learn about a
society by listening to its music?
R.: To appreciate any music which is
alien, it is always advantageous to know the
culture of the place; you understand much
F.: What do you know about us from
observing our culture and our music?
PF EDITORS — Dave Morton and Merrilee Robson? You've got to be kidding!
Next year, they'll be here.
R.: Well I have had the advantage of
coming to North America in general and
Europe as well. I feel quite at home. It's not
like coming to a new place and being
shocked or anything. I can accept whatever
there is and I have seen the continuous
growth and changes for better. Certain
things are maybe not so good; but whatever
it is I have been growing along with it.
F.: As we evolve our music over time,
would you expect it to become more and
more Indian?
R.: No. I hope not. There is a lot of experimenting going on. That is good.
F.: At what level of musical awareness
are the people of North America now.
R.: I have been coming here for 20 years. I
have found a great change that has come.
There have been three phases. First, I was
the pioneer, teaching and bringing Eastern
music and I was lucky because of the
blessing of God and my guru, I always found
acceptance whereever I have gone. I have
been able to communicate with them and
play for them.
In the second phase I found a lot of
recognition in the serious plane. I've played
to full houses in many places. Then some of
the pop groups took up sitar as a new sound.
They heard me and were inspired by this
new sound. Then George Harrison became
my student. All of a sudden there was this
big explosion of sitar and a fad for Indian
music and all the very young people took to
sitar. I became a superstar.
At the same time, I was being misunderstood in my own country. Many people
talk about how I've gone completely commercial, with the hippies, selling my music,
exploiting the situation, which was just the
opposite of what I was doing. What I was
doing was making those young people go
away from me. Cop out. Is that the word you
use? I was telling them not to smoke, not to
drink, to sit properly, not to drink beer, not
to start necking with their girlfriend next to
them. I rejected them, that irritated them,
that stuff, they didn't like. I lost most of my
Then came the third phase which is now,
after the fad is all over. Now I find whatever
has remained. Whoever has remained are
really very serious, very sincere listeners
and they are much more understanding.
SeePF 10: MIND
But the thing is, with getting rid of John
Tanner, Bob Ness and myself they got rid of
those who questioned what they had in mind
as far as programming goes. We would
always bitch about the kind of music they
were playing and the way they were
programming it, which was juvenile to say
the least. Very unprofessional.
Greg Collins (music director of CKLG-
FM) and Bob Morris know nothing about
music. I'm not saying that to be successful
you have to know music, but you have to
know some music and you have to know the
audience. They claim that they know the
audience, but I think they let a lot of people
down. I think they know about 25 per cent of
the audience.
PF: So there were conflicts between you,
John Tanner and Bob Ness and the music
director and program director of CKLG-FM
before the firing.
S.: There's always been a conflict. As far
as doing what we had to do, we did it and did
it well, but they would always find little
loopholes and they would use those.
In other words, "You played that record
at the wrong time. You should have played it
at the top of the hour." You come back
finding the loopholes
saying that, "Well, that piece of music that
was programmed for that time. . ." — it's
like high school, it really is. It's even like
elementary school, the way they handle it —
"I'm sorry sir, the red list was not appropriate to following the gold at the top of
the hour. The two pieces of music don't jive
and I didn't have the time to go looking for
another red list."
Very restrictive playlists. That's OK if
they want to do that, but John Tanner, Bob
Ness and myself complied as best we could.
If we made a little slip or something to try
and keep the music flowing, to try and keep
it palatable, they would use that if they had
the opportunity. But the format's been
broken by everybody on that station continuously since Simon Ginsberg took over
(as program director) and more so since
Bob Morris took over.
It's more of a joke than anything else.
They didn't even know half the time when
the format was being broken. When they
listened carefully, then they would find out.
They'd see that maybe you didn't play the
right song at the right time.
PF: I understand that on your own show
you were given more or less free reign as to
music and format, or is that incorrect?
S.: No, it was true. It came to this about
three or four months ago. I was called into
the office and I was told that I was going to
be let go at that time because I had broken
the format too often. I had wanted to do my
own programming and they said it was
contrary to what they had programmed and,
"It's called insubordination, so we're going
to have to let you go."
At that time, I had an inkling that that was
going to happen, and we still had the union in
there and I had one of the union people with
me. That sort of scared them because they
would feel, whether it was true or not, that I
was using that incident for pressing charges
See PF 9: MASS
Friday, March  26,  1976
Page Friday, 3 Pat McGeer—academic
From page 1
McGeer confirmed that his government
will come down with an act governing the
administration of B.C.'s community
The Colleges Act would be analogous to
the Universities Act, and McGeer indicated
that like the Universities Act the Colleges
Act would establish a Colleges Council
which would apportion money set aside for
community colleges.
McGeer also backhandedly criticized
Notre Dame University, and even though
B.C. will continue to fund the Nelson
university, he made it clear that NDU will
have to make changes to get into line with
B.C.'s three public universities.
The intention was to start the interview
with a discussion of McGeer's actions
concerning recent board of governors and
college council firings and appointments,
and his Notre Dame University policies.
He adroitly avoided making any concrete
comments on either topic, but during the
discussion his education policies and
priorities became clear.
Ubyssey: In Politics in Paradise you
indicate that you are in favor of decentralization of education — most of the
chapter was about post-secondary
education; I assume that's what you were
thinking of.
But your actions as education minister so
far seem to indicate the opposite — a move
toward centralization.
I'm referring to changes in the personnel
in various college councils and university
boards of governors. How do you reconcile
McGeer: I hope nobody would interpret
things that way. Our objective, as I say, is
merely to try and get a turnover of people, a
turnover of ideas in the people that we do
appoint, ones that have the time and the
Because a person starts it doesn't mean
that either they or the government are
obliged to see the term completed for appearance's sake. We're not interested in
appearances here. We're interested in
Ubyssey: One of the criteria mentioned
for a good member of a board or council is
availability in terms of time —
McGeer: — it was knowledge of interest in
education. I take the availability for
granted. But not everybody is as available
as they think they are. They get into a job
like this and they find it's —
Ubyssey: — that's why I'm asking. How
much time would a person (Greenwood)
running a business full-time in Kelowna
have for working on various committees in
the university board of governors?
McGeer: Well, I think in this particular
case we've got somebody that has been very
closely connected with the university for
many years, who uses the university for
several courses of different kinds, and who
is present a lot.
So if we're going to give the university a
provincial presence then we want to get
somebody from outside the Lower Mainland
who has, really, an unusual degree of
commitment of the university and an
unusual amount of time for a person outside
the Lower Mainland.
Clearly if universities don't
watch just as carefully as any other
institution their own costs, and
their own efficiency, then they are
going to suffer.
your actions with your stated aim of
McGeer: I think the criteria that I
originally laid down for service of any
educational board was excellence in the
person's field of endeavor, a knowledge of
and interest in education, and a sense of
fiscal responsibility.
These criteria have nothing to do with
politics, nothing to do with centralization.
They only have to do with the good of the
Ubyssey: That suggests that people
removed from boards and councils before
their terms expired were not active in the
best interests of the institutions.
McGeer: No, what we're trying to do is get
the best people that we can on the boards of,
governors on all of the institutions. We hope
to continue to improve the level of performance there.
The fact that we dismissed people had
nothing to do with their previous political
affiliation at all, and the fact that we have
replaced people part way through a term
doesn't mean we won't continue with such a
Obviously, we're going to keep trying to
get better and better people in there serving
on the boards. It depends to some extent on
how much time a person has to devote to the
It's a voluntary one. It's a service to the
institution and to the community. It does
take a great deal of time and not everyone,
capable as they may be, has the time and
interest to spend at that job.
So that you have to take into account the
availability of a person, not just to attend
meetings, but to devote themselves to the
The availability of time obviously is a
factor in the performance. It's something
that we'll be considering in the future.
Ubyssey: Perhaps Ian Greenwood and
Pearley Brissenden (appointed to UBC's
board March 5) will have more time, or
might be better board members than Clive
Lytle or Bing Thom (the two board members fired midway through their terms to
make room for Greenwood and Brissenden).
But when you replace people before their
terms are up, it raises the suggestion that
they have been fired for poor performance.
Ian Greenwood does qualify extremely
well. He's outstanding and we're very
fortunate to get Mr. Greenwood.
(When the interview took place The
Ubyssey was not aware the education
department had announced earlier Wednesday that the government would continue
to fund NDU for a while at least, and
McGeer did not bring it up himself.)
Ubyssey: By taking away NDU's degree-
granting status you are really centralizing
university education in the population
I still don't understand why the (apparent) decision to take away Notre Dame's
degree-granting independence is being
McGeer: That's not my decision.
Ubyssey: Who's decision is it, then?
McGeer: All the government did was to
say that if Notre Dame wished to continue
being funded, then it should be funded in the
same way and by the same criteria as the
existing universities.
It has nothing to do with the coast, and
nothing to do with the interior. What it has to.
do with is a public university system and one
private university.
You must remember that the government
has responsibility for some 98 public
educational institutions. It funds only one
private one.
Many requests, I'm sure you understand,
come across the government's desk to fund
other private degree-granting institutions.
The government took a very unusual step
in funding Notre Dame as a private institution in the first place. Having funded
the institution, Notre Dame very rapidly
became completely dependent upon
government support.
Indeed, in a very short period of time,
Notre Dame was receiving, on a per capita
basis, much greater funding, than any —
any — public institution.
I want to emphasize this. Much greater
public funding than any public educational
Now: all the government said was, that if
you wish to continue being supported then
you will need to be supported in the same
manner as public institutions.
Ubyssey: Didn't the government put
money into NDU because it planned to take
it over as a public institution in September,
McGeer: No, not at all, not at all.
Originally the government had indicated
it would terminate funding and close NDU
down. It subsequently altered its position
during the election campaign, but the
problem of NDU, of course, lingered. It was
one of the problems that I inherited.
NDU was funded by the government in a
very modest way commencing some years
ago in order to keep it going, because it was,
as a private institution, unable to survive.
It was not able to carry on, through
student interest and private support, in the
same way, say, like Notre Dame in the
United States.
Like hundreds and hundreds of private
universities Notre Dame was unable to
survive in that competitive sense.
So the government commenced funding it
and then, very rapidly, the dependence on
government funding increased because the
enrolment in Notre Dame decreased. Its
income from all other sources decreased,
and yet its expenses continued to soar. So
that in a matter of three years, under the
NDP, the level of funding of Notre Dame
was far out of line with any of the 98 public
educational institutions that were being
funded. Clearly that was not a situation that
any government would have permitted to
Ubyssey: I was under the impression that
the provincial government last year paid 73
per cent of NDU's costs. Don't they pay over
80 or 85 per cent of UBC's?
McGeer: Well, I haven't got the figures in
front of me. But the level of support per
capita is extraordinarily much higher at
Notre Dame than anywhere else.
Ubyssey: In Politics in Paradise, you
talked about the cost of decentralization.
You wrote: "Many will ask: 'Can we afford
to do the job? The answer must be: 'Yes.' "
When does it cease to be worth it to support
at a higher cost a post-secondary institution
outside of the population centres?
McGeer: I think that you would ordinarily
anticipate that an institution outside the
Lower Mainland would operate at a lower
cost. It's not always the case, but usually a
smaller university, providing it is a viable
size, can and does operate more
economically than a large one. That doesn't
mean to say it always happens.
There's question of viability in terms of
the numbers of students in the classrooms,
whether the offerings are appropriate.
Most of all, what it depends upon is
whether or not the skills that are provided
by the educational institutions are of
ultimate value.
Many universities, particularly liberal
arts colleges, are in trouble in North
America and are closing down simply
because they are not providing the students
with saleable skills, and therefore it
becomes an uneconomic thing for the
student to spend his time and his student
fees, much less what the institution offers,
because what he gets out of it simply isn't
worth the time that he puts in.
If you went to a liberal arts college and
spent a great amount of time and money,
and in the end, nobody wanted to hire you,
you might feel that your time had been
poorly spent. It's because of this problem,
Obviously it would be very foolish
for a government and for society
not to put its resources behind those
things which would give a student a
skill that he could immediately
market and do himself, as well as
society, good.
which is certainly not restricted to British
Columbia, but which is being experienced
all over, that liberal arts colleges are in
trouble, and where they don't have an important role to play they're closing.
Now, I don't want you to infer from that,
that I'm saying we should be closing down
educational institutions in British Columbia.
Far from it. I want to see them prosper and
But one has to realize that education
without any thought being given to what
courses are being offered and why, can
become a very wasteful exercise for the
student, to say nothing of society.
Because this has hit with a major impact
in the last three or four years the lesson is
coming home to people. There is a move,
and I think an appropriate one, to relevancy
of an educational program.
We've got a perfect example right in
Nelson, where there are courses that have
two students, five students, and so on;
where, in the same town, you have a facility
operating from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. five days a
week where there are waiting lists of two
years to get into some of the programs and
where graduates are immediately put on
There's a great value to people, obviously,
attending the vocational facility in Nelson,
and that's why it's crowded.
McGEER . .. surpi
But at Notre Dame courses are offered but
students aren't taking up that opportunity.
Ubyssey: Am I correct in assuming that if
Notre Dame was a technical institute your
reaction to its problems would be somewhat
different; but because it's a liberal arte
college you're saying to them they have to
make it on their own?
McGeer: No, I'm not saying any of those
things. I'm merely, saying that if the
program is not in demand and if the class
size drops below a viable level, then any
institution that is making such an offering
needs to examine whether or not it's really
If these things are not really needed, or
not even desired, then we should, in the
interests of spending our educational dollars
well, be prepared to invest them elsewhere.
I could give you all kinds of examples in
our present educational system where ther<»
are waiting lists of one or two years where
people who are taking those courses immediately graduate to jobs, and where our
ability to give people a saleable skill and get
them out into a job is limited by.the size of
the class.
Obviously it would be very foolish for a
government and for society not to put its
resources behind those things which would
give a student a skill that he could immediately market and do himself, as well as
society, good.
We've got all kinds of programs in British
Columbia that are being starved for funds,
where there are waiting lists. Our own
medical school is one example.There are 470
doctors registered in British Columbia this
year. Only 79 of them are from B.C., so
we're denying students here — right here on
this campus — an opportunity to go into a
profession while we're bringing 100 doctors
from Great Britain, and 270 doctors from
other parts of Canada and from other
countries in the world, while we shut the
door on our own.
We're bringing into B.C. something like
Page Friday, 4
Friday, March 26,  1976 10,000 skilled tradesmen a year. We're doing
this while we have 100,000 people unemployed, many of them because they lack
skills while our programs to supply these
skills in B.C. are overcrowded with one- or
two-year waiting lists. Does that make any
educational sense to you?
Ubyssey: Uh . . .
McGeer: I asked the question of you. Does
it make educational sense to you? We have
programs in British Columbia that lead
directly to jobs, and students cannot get into
those programs because they're too small.
■ The programs are small because there
isn't enough money in the department of
education to fund them and to enlarge them.
I have, right on my desk, dozens of examples of that kind, where I lack the money to
fund these programs, and I know if they're
enlarged that people can get into these
programs instead of having to wait. If they
get through these programs they'll get a job
right away.
Right, left and centre we.have programs
like that, and yet there's pressure on the
department, intense pressure, to supply
funds for programs where this situation
doesn't occur.
Ubyssey:   So  you   think   the   emphasis
should be on career-oriented, job-oriented
McGeer: I ask you, does it make sense for
■duration minister    ~Peter cummings photos
this situation to occur?
Ubyssey:   That's   something   everybody
must answer for themselves.
McGeer: Yeah, okay. You answer it, and
answer it for your readers.
• Ubyssey: I'll try. Should education, the
focus of education be a market-determined
thing, where people in the — let's call it the
school market — who want to take post-
secondary education, determine by their
own wishes what they want to go into? Or do
you think there should be much more control
by the state than there is now, over what
lund of schooling opportunities are
available, with the needs of the economy in
McGeer: I don't think that that's a
question that offers a simple answer.
I do say that right now there are an awful
lot of people like yourself who want to take a
program that will lead to a job and this is
what you're doing as an individual, and
other people would like to have that opportunity but can't.
We want to give them that opportunity,
and I think that it's certainly part of the
public responsibility to give students opportunities of that kind, and that govern-
Tnents are failing if they don't do that. Quite
clearly, at the present time, we are failing
because there's only so much money to go
If we do try to economize in one direction,
to provide greater opportunities, there are
vigorous complaints from anybody that
might be asked.
Ubyssey: A study done for the human
resources department and completed a few
days ago shows that 40 per cent of the 25-34
age group who are on some sort of social
assistance, have some post-secondary
education. Furthermore, more young people
than ever before going into post-secondary
education nowadays are in it for social and
intellectual values rather than for career-
oriented reasons. That puts you quite a bit
out of step with the people graduating from
high school and going into post-secondary
education institutions.
McGeer: I think you've drawn a conclusion there. That's not quite what the
experience shows.
My problem is seeing that people who do
want to get into programs that will provide
jobs have an opportunity to get into those
programs. You see, there's several hundred
students turned away each year from
medicine. They want to get into medicine
because . . . they want to get there, and they
So what I must try and do as the minister
of education is to enlarge the medical school
so more of them will get an opportunity.
If we have waiting lists to get into welding,
we run welding courses around the clock; 24
hours a day, because people want to get into
welding courses. They know when they
graduate from it they're going to get a job.
There's a long, long waiting list to get in.
Facilities are far too small. If we had more
facilities, more of them would be able to get
in, and more of them would get jobs. We're
not able to provide that sort of thing because
we're trying to find the money to expand
those programs.
Similarly, up in Nelson, if I can come back
to that city as an example, there are long
waiting lists to get into courses in practical
nursing, because if they graduate from that,
they get a job.
On the other hand, the problem Notre
Dame University in Nelson suffers from is
lack of students for most of the courses
which they offer.
Ubyssey: That's one interpretation of it.
Another intrepretation is that Notre Dame's
administration seems to think that the lower
the student/teacher ratio the better, and
they've brought in more teachers, rather
than there's less students. I know their
enrolment is down this year, but that's
because of the uncertainty of NDU's future.
All over the province, the trend has been
since 1971 or so, of ever-increasing
enrolment in colleges and universities.
McGeer: I think what we really should
strive for in an academic sense is to get a
viable class size.
Any number of studies indicate that
students learn more than half of what they
know from other students in the class, and
therefore below a certain size, you lose a lot
of the value of a class, and people just absorb less and get less out of ti.s course.
So I think when you're talking about class
size, one, two, four, five, and so on, there's
practically nothing to support that that's a
good situation.
Wherever we have programs that will
lead directly to employment, wherever we
have that in British Columbia, we've got
waiting lists. Surely that should indicate to
you that this is where the government needs
to respond.
You always should respond to educational
programs that are oversubscribed. You
should be prepared to expand those, and
indeed, they will expand until such a time as
the courses over-extend themselves and
people become graduates in courses and
can't get jobs. At that time they'll probably
begin to shrink somewhat.
Ubyssey: What you've been telling me
today about what your ideas of what post-
secondary education should be providing
seems at odds with UBC administration
president Doug Kenny's views on the
McGeer: There are many different
educational institutions, you know. A
government is responsible for all of these,
and they all don't serve the same purpose.
One of the principle objectives of a
government program should be to serve the
students and their needs. That, of course, is
what has to be my main goal — to look at
areas where student needs are not being
served and to do the best I can to see that
they are served.
Clearly, at the present time, areas where
the student needs are not being served are
where there are lineups to get into courses,
and the lineups are there for a very obvious
Ubyssey: So if Kenny is hoping for money
in the next couple of years to improve and
expand the pure-learning oriented part of
the university, he's going to have to wait
until the demands of the job-oriented
programs are met?
McGeer: All educational institutions will
receive more money next year than they did
last year.
Ubyssey: There's inflation, too.
McGeer: Well then, I think all institutions
have to examine very closely the causes of
their inflation and to cope with them, and
"We're not interested in appearances. We're interested in results."
that's why we want people with a strong
sense of fiscal responsibility on the boards of
Clearly if universities don't watch just as
carefully as any other institution their own
costs, and their own efficiency, then they
are going to suffer, but they are not going to
suffer because anybody is against them
from an educational point of view. It's
simply that there a limited number of
dollars and that each person who receives
those dollars has to think of how to make the
most effective use of them.
If institutions can't control their inflationary costs then they're going to lose
out relative to institutions that can. I want to
see on our boards of governors, everywhere,
people that are going to help those institutions get as much as they possibly can
out of their educational dollar.
And remember that one of the really
difficult things for a government or for a
minister of education is to start with tax
dollars and to get them down to the students.
I've many times said, you tell me, for
example, in medical education, how do I
start with government dollars at the top and
get that down to student opportunities at the
bottom? It's not an easy exercise because
you're going to get opposed, strongly opposed, in trying to deliver dollars to students
by all kinds of vested interests. It's a major
Ubyssey: What are these vested interests?
McGeer: I'd like to leave that statement
just as it stands. It's a subject for the
reader's speculation.
Ubyssey: So if a university board of
governors or college council did not spend
the money allocated to them in what the
government considers a wise way, they
would not necessarily get as much as they
ask for the following year.
McGeer: As far as universities are concerned, we don't give money directly to
universities. The legislation requires that
we give it to the Universities Council. The
Universities Council apportions the money,
and what universities do with it then is
strictly their affair.
We're prevented by legislation from interfering with the way a university orders
its priorities and spends its money.
The only way the government can help out
in this way at all, is to give the universities a
strong and active board of governors as they
possibly can, who have this objective of
seeing that the students are delivered the
educational dollars that are available.
So that there are several steps between
me as minister and you as a student.
The only way we can get dollars directly
to the students is through the student aid
program. That's a very good program. It's
going to be in effect next year.
Ubyssey: The government still gives
money directly to the colleges.
McGeer: Of course, we eventually will be
coming down with a Colleges Act. But not
this session. We just haven't got time. It'll
be some time in the distance. It's certainly
on our list to deal with.
Ubyssey: That suggests there would have
to be some sort of changes to the Universities Act.
McGeer: There will be some
modifications, even this session.
Ubyssey: What changes are you thinking
McGeer: We're looking for a better way of
providing capital facilities to universities.
The changes will be to improve the
universities' ability to undertake long-term
Ubyssey: Will any changes have to do
with student representation? You've stated
that you are against student representation
on university and college governing bodies
and that universities are not democracies.
McGeer: They are not. Universities are
meritocracies. The thing that separates
Harvard from lesser institutions is the
quality of the people — the individual ability
of the people that make up the faculty, and
the individual ability of the people that
make up the student body.
Ubyssey: But are you planning any
changes in the sections of the Universities
Act dealing with the composition of the
board of governors, senate and other
governing bodies on which students are represented?
McGeer: We'll be reviewing all of the
educational acts but I expect no major
changes this session.
Ubyssey: Will there be any changes in this
session or any session in the levels of
students representation on governing
McGeer: As I was saying, we will review
all the acts eventually, but I don't expect
major changes this session.
Ubyssey: When you draw up the Colleges
Act, do you intend to include provision for a
level of student representation on councils
and other governing bodies?
McGeer: We'll be very happy to receive
any submissions from student groups or any
other groups as to the makeup of a colleges
act, but I wouldn't care to predict for you
what will be in that act.
Ubyssey: UBC students currently pay
about 15 per cent of the cost of their
education directly, through their tuition
fees. Kenny has said he thinks students
should pay a greater percentage of their
education costs. What do you think?
McGeer: We'd leave it up to each individual institution to determine what its fee
structure should be. We give the university a
certain amount of money, and whatever
extra they feel they need, they get from
"Only so much money"
Friday, March  26,   1976
Page Friday, 5 canlitcanlitcanlitcanlitcanlitcanlitcanlitcanlitcanlitc
Wild roses cast fatal spell
Wild Roses is a love story, a
romance. It starts in a suburban
bungalow and journeys to
England, New York, Casablanca, a
madhouse, and back to the
bungalow again.
The novella begins with the
idyllic marriage of an attractive
young man to an adoring young
woman. They buy a bungalow in
the suburbs and do not live happily
ever after.
Wild Roses
by Jacques Ferron
Translated by Betty Bednarski
McClelland and Stewart, 119 pages
$6.95, hardcover
The wife suffers from the ennui
of her housewifely life. The
husband rises in the company he
works for. He continues in his self-
esteem; she in her feelings of
unworthiness. The story continues
in this rather trite manner but the
author does not allow his narrative
to stay in the realm of cliche. The
young man, Baron, is not his young
wife's cruel keeper. His conceit is
not handled in a heavy, disapproving way, but rather appears to
be touching and childish. He
cannot understand his wife's
feelings, and is left feeling completely bewildered when she
commits suicide.
Baron's wife had been suffering
from depression and feelings of
inadequacy since the birth of their
daughter. She did not love the baby
and it screamed whenever she
came near her. Only Baron could
feed her, and the mother and child
both became underweight. Baron's
wife could not stand her feelings
and Baron was completely unable
to understand them.
And he never did comprehend.
When they came to tell him his wife
had died he tried to deny it because
it did not seem possible. They had
tried to explain that it was possible
— and, indeed, considering the
number of sleeping pills
swallowed, inevitable.
'Yes, of course, if she took them
all at once. But why would she have
taken them? I don't understand."
"Because  she  felt   unworthy."
"Why unworthy?"
*     *     *
"Tell me," Baron asked, "was it
my fault?"
They insisted that it had nothing
to do with him. On this point they
were quite adamant. He could not
understand. To him it was inconceivable that a young woman
should die and her husband be
completely innocent.
Baron is not a bad person. He
realizes that it is his wife who
deserves the sympathy he is
receiving from his friends. But he
is caught up in an inexplicable
force. The characters are
powerless against the fatal attraction of madness. They cannot
escape the ever-present scent of
Baron sends his daughter, Rose-
Aimee, to live with an Acadian
farmer and his family. On one trip
to visit her Baron meets the
aristocratic Miss Ann Higgit of
Corner Brook, Newfoundland.
They are perhaps classically star-
crossed lovers. Ann visits Rose-
Aimee with Baron and is
humiliated by the child's rejection
of her. The relationship between
Baron and his daughter excludes
Ann, just as it excluded the
mother. But Ann is the character
who understands Baron's tragic
She saw in him the fine, handsome man of epic narrative, innocent and natural, who believes
he is acting spontaneously, when
all the while he is caught up in a
complex and, alas, fatal intrigue.
The story ends with a rather
unbelievable happy ending. The
spell is broken and the roses are
uprooted. It is rather abrupt and
too easy. Memories of Baron's
tragedy linger, and the positive
feelings of Rose-Aimee's happy
marriage are overshadowed by
these memories of his fatal spell.
The novel is replete with what
could be stock characters: the
simple country man and his wife,
with their huge and happy family;
the elegant Ann Higgit, daughter of
one of Newfoundland's wealthy
English families; an American.
However, all of these characters
are described with an insight and
sensitivity which helps them
escape from their stereotypes.
There is equal sensitivity in
Perron's descriptive homage to the
Chiac country, the French-
speaking minority in New Brunswick. Ferron views Acadia as an
outsider; he is not involved with it
as he is with Quebec. He can be
impartial, and the resulting portrayal is clear and intense, free
from emotional entanglements but
emotional, nevertheless.
Wild Roses is followed by
another short work, a love letter,
with introduction. The introduction
is an almost clinical description of
a psychiatric patient. But the introduction goes on to describe the
inadequacies of this type of clinieal
analysis. The diagnosis is there,
the patient's actions are
described; but there, is also an
attempt to explain the real reasons
for her madness, the tentacles that
attach her to the real world, to her
From PF 2
who account for a large number of
the female population.
The plight of "poor Edith
Bunker, that sad and unfortunate
woman" is mentioned, but the TV
is turned off. Can they so readily
turn off the rest of these so-called
"poor" women the same way? In a
chapter on the farm wife, Norma
Taylor shows the drudgery of
keeping a household together in a
way not unlike the problems of the
I also have a neighbor who has
chosen a somewhat different task.
She cleans ducks for American
hunters, sometimes 40per day. She
gets 50 cents apiece. It is well
earned. She must keep one of the
children home from school to help
her sometimes.
Many of the women become
exploited by Avon or Tupperware,
and they in turn, exploit their
neighbors. But Ms. Taylor can
offer no solution to the problem;
the others do not even attempt.
While the reader can be impressed by the position of such
women as prominent politician,
Rosemary Brown, there is no
foreceful motive in Mosaic that
compels you to feel any overwhelming' pride in Jseing a
Canadian woman. There is a
strong emphasis on the nationality,
but nothing to differentiate us from
the usual. Especially with such
uninspiring lines as: In any case,
better that she burst into tears
under stress than have a heart
attack behind her executive desk.
BROWN . . . power in politics
Hopefully the future of Canadian
women does not lie in Mosaic's
outlook. There is a definite
progression in women's rights in
the first half of the book, but the
second half is a continual list of
problems still to overcome.
It does not help that the field of
each contributor is different. This
only amplifies the variety of difficulties.
Active feminist Lynne Feather
feels the problems lie within the
mosaic where contact is hindered
between regions. However, at the
time of her article, she placed the
crucial stage upon the International Women's Year of 1975,
which proved to be of little success.
There was no third section in
Mosaic entitled the Future. But
these women are the beginnings of
our future, working now in the
present. As Maryon Kantaroff
Not much is happening yet, I
can't pretend to that. But we are
family,  and,   finally,   how   these
tentacles are broken.
Ferron previously worked at
Saint-Jean-de-Dieux Psychiatric
Hospital in Montreal. Because of
this experience he seems to have a
slightly different approach to the
fascinating theme of madness.
While madness does still appear
rather picturesque and fascinating
in these two stories, there is a
sense of the frightening and
dangerous aspects of this
fascination. Madness is not a
flower-bedecked Ophelia dancing
offstage to drown. Aline, the
character in A Love Letter, lives
on to be dealt with. And while
Baron does commit suicide (in a
daring,   rose-scented   leap),   his
story is not ended either. It reaches
out to affect his daughter's life.
And, for a while anyway, to affect
Wild Roses was awarded the
Prix France-Quebec for 1972. This
English edition is translated by
Betty Bednarski, who translated
Ferron's Tales From an Uncertain
Country, winner of the 1962
Governor-General's Award for
fiction. The novel is touchingly
lovely. The dust jacket promises
"a unique literary achievement,
full of nobility and tragic grandeur." While noble and grand do
not seem to be the most apt adjectives to apply to the novel, it is,
as the cover also tells us, a
beautiful book.
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JAZZROOM till Saturday
Pharoah Sanders Quartet
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Opening Monday March 29
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Cecil Taylor Quintet Charles Mingus Quintet
Advance tickets now on sale!
Page Friday, 6
Friday, March 26, 1976 vanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistva
Discovering Vancouver
When we think of travelling to Europe or
South America, the idea excites us and
we're filled with a sense of adventure, a
curiosity of the exotic, sensations that come
only when we are exploring a place for the
first time.
Vancouver might seem a poor second to
the international traveller, yet even within
Vancouver lies an interesting history that is
waiting to be discovered.
Vancouver has grown from its obscure
beginnings as a small milltown, nestled in
the heavy green forests of a delta, to a
modern city. Where Douglas fir trees once
copipeted for sunlight, the struggle is
resumed by the -skyscrapers of the
Dominion Bank Tower and the Royal
Vancouver is a relatively young city, but
in the 90 years since its incorporation, it has
risen to become one of Canada's three
fastest growing urban centres.
Its rapid growth during-that short time
has been due to three major events: two
Canadian Gold Rushes, the establishment of
the CPR terminus at Vancouver and the
growth of Vancouver as Canada's western
Burrard Inlet was first settled in 1858, as
thousands of gold prospectors rushed to the
Fraser Valley in the Cariboo Gold Rush.
The British Government created the
Crown Colony of British Columbia, naming
the governor of Vancouver Island as
territorial administrator and sending the
Royal Engineers to conduct surveys of the
The inlet soon became the focus for
several small lumbering operations such as
the Moody Mill at the foot of a future North
Vancouver and the Hastings Mill at the foot
of what is now Dunlevy Street.
British ships would anchor in the harbour
and load the valuable B.C. hardwoods onto
their ships to be carried to England's
shipbuilding yards.
A small settlement was begun along
Water Street as it serviced the nearby
Hastings Mill with saloons and stores. This
settlement, known locally as Gastown after
a saloon owner was surveyed and titled
Granville by the Provincial government as
British Columbia joined the dominion of
The city of Vancouver was to grow from
the humble origins of Granville town from a
population of 126 people, not including the
nearby millworkers, to an urban population
of nearly two millions.
In the immediate future, however,
Granville town's early prosperity was ending as, competition for jobs increased and
the need for services declined. The town's
early settlers had been highly optimistic and
believed that Vancouver would, "one day
become a great city," now seemed unfounded and unrealistic.
This situation was changed entirely in 1880
by the designation of Granville town as the
western terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railroad by the general manager Cornelius
Van Home who also renamed the town
There was a fantastic boom in Vancouver's development wi.th the new construction in the city and expansion of the
million operations as Vancouver citizens
anticipated the commercial and transportation benefits that they would receive
from the railroad. The values of Vancouver
real estate doubled and then trebled as
development was given this impetus.
Vancouver was finally incorporated as a
city by Provincial charter in 1886 when only
five months later, the entire town was
burned to the ground from a fire that started
from a CPR clearing project.
This event proved to be only a minor
setback, though, as the town was completely
rebuilt and the first trans Canada pulled into
the whistle stop at Vancouver in 1887,
signifying the end of the pioneering period.
The city's future was now assured as it
became an important part of a transcontinental transport system. In fact city
construction, investments and real estate
values were increasing at such a rapid rate
that it caused one visitor to remark:
The bare fact of a man's coming to Vancouver by train was almost sufficient introduction. Inside of an hour, every real
estate man in the place would know he was
there, what his business was and if he had
any hereditary diseases!
The CPR had been given large land grants
in Vancouver and subsequently tried to
create a town centre that was separate from
the Gastown area in order to make their
land more attractive to investment. They
built the Hotel Vancouver and widened
Granville Street.
There was another Vancouver depression
in 1892 as the early boom days were ending
and real estate values plummeted. The
eager citizens had overbuilt their city once
again and it seemed as if the local economy
could not support this heavy development.
The Yukon Gold Rush of 1898 acted as new
catalyst though and Vancouver became a
port of call in the journey to the Yukon. The
influx of capital contributed to the steady
development of the port facilities, the forest,
manufacturing and canning industries. The
harbour became increasingly important as
Britain and other European nations wanted
to develop their Far Eastern trade by finding a shorter route through Canada at the
turn of the century. The population of
Vancouver had grown from 300 in the 1870's
to 29,000 in 1901.
Vancouver's Hundred Thousand Club with
the motto, "In 1910 — Vancouver will have
one hundred thousand men," was one sign of
the times as the years 1908-1913 became the
biggest period of development in Vancouver's history.
World War I approached and foreign
investment was greatly reduced as wartime
enthusiasm gripped Vancouver.
But the end of the war precipitated new
economic wealth for Vancouver as new
technology was applied to industry in
British Columbia. The high load system, the
skyline and skidder were all examples of
new logging technology that made it
possible to lift felled trees clear of the
ground and speedily drag them to flat cars
where they were loaded for shipment.
The capacity of Vancouver's port was
increased to include many different types of
cargD. The pre-war construction of the
Panama Canal had strengthened Vancouver's position as a port and it attained a
strategic position in relation to ocean trade
The shores of False Creek becarne the
main industrial area of the city with its
sawmills, gravel dumps, processing plants,
warehouses, cooperages, hog fuel burners
and railway yards.
Then, the Stock Market crash of 1929
broke the bubble and Vancouver was
crippled by the effects of a World
Depression. The lumber industry employing
one out of every six persons, collapsed and
harbour grain shipments fell drastically.
7,000 men were on relief in 1930 and 250
more arrived on every train. A whole new
vocabulary was born in the cardboard and
an object of shame
tin shantytown — the Hobo Jungles in False
Creek as names such as "Wangy", a
"Fingy", a train rider who lost some
fingers, "Stewbum", a hobo with cooking
gear, "Shine", a coloured tramp and "Gun
Moll", a dangerous woman tramp, became
But in spite of the Depression, Vancouver
continued to grow as mineral production
accelerated and industrial plants continued
to diversify. The Lion's Gate bridge was
completed on November 12, 1938 as Vancouver citizens moved into new suburban
There were signs though that this was to
be the end of an era, the end of the Great
Depression but the beginnings of a Second
World War. And as Ottawa increased
Defense expenditures, improving the city's
Jericho airbase,^adding additional aircraft
guns and fortifying the city for war as
Vancouver entered the Modern era.
There are many historic landmarks in
Vancouver, but perhaps among the most
important and representative of the city's
history are: the Old Hastings Mill, Gastown,
the B.C. Mills Timber & Trading Co., the
CPR station, Chinatown, the Dominion
Trust Building, the Marine Building and the
Vancouver Post office.
The Old Hastings Mill Store in a small
park at the foot of Alma is the oldest
building in Vancouver. It was built in 1865
and moved by barge from its original site on
Dunlevy Street in 1931 by the "Native
Daughters of British Columbia," who
wished to make the building into a museum.
The Old Hastings Mill Store was a very
important part of early Vancouver then
known as Granville town as citizens would
gather at the store. It was also possible to
mail letters at the store by pushing in the
hoards on one of the window panes and
dropping the letters inside.
Gastown, the area defined by Water, Mair
and Cordova streets, is the old city centre. It
dates from 1867 when "Gassy" Jack
Deighton arrived in the inlet and set up the
first saloon with the help of the local
millhands. He intended to serve the sailors,
workers and Indians in the area and built
the saloon a half mile away, to be independent from thier control.
The original Granville townsite included
the area now bounded by Carral, Hastings
and Cambie.
The first election was held in 1886 with the
two mayoralty candidates, M.A. Maclean, a
Winnipeg realtor and local millowner,
Richard H. Alexander. The election which
was only open to white males resulted in a
Maclean victory of 242 votes to 225.
The first streetcar track in Vancouver
was placed in a line down Cordova in 1890.
The commercial interests in Vancouver had
begun to shift from Cordova to Hastings
Street as the city began to develop to the
west, thus changing the nature of businesses
in the Gastown area.
The Old Hastings Mill offices at the foot of
Dunlevy, represents the importance of the
lumber industry to Vancouver's growth. The
east end of the city developed around the
mill as the domain of the political and industrial elite of pre-railway Vancouver. The
at foot Of Alma        -VX»r cummings photo
development of this area, east of Main
Street, saw wealthy industrialists crowded
in by blue collar workers, white and immigrant Asian groups.
The Mill, which was powered by a steam
engine, accommodated 33 ships while 33
men worked in the nearby lumber camps.
The mill expanded in 1892, to become part of
the B.C. Mills, Timber and Trading Company, managed by John Hendry.
Early loggers would cut half way through
the smaller trees and then cut down a larger
one to bowl them over. Oxen would pull the
trees onto greased logs or skid roads to the
sea shore.
An early logging camp consisted of a
huddle of rough cedar shaked huts with
holes in the roofs for chimneys and stone
fireplaces below for cooking meals —
mainly consisting of beans.
Vancouver's Chinatown is the third
largest in North America and is another
important landmark in Vancouver.
The Chinese community had been in
Vancouver since the early 1870's and has
played a major role in the city's development, despite the considerable
discrimination against the Chinese
throughout Vancouver's history.
The initial construction of the CPR had
created a great demand for labour and as
this demand could not be filled by whites,
between 1881 and 1884, 15,000 men were
brought in from farming village:, in
Hangchow, China.
On I W. Pender Street is the Chinese
Freemason building built in 1901 which was
an association that combined some of the
ideas of European masonry with the
fraternal Chinse Tong. Sun Yat-sen, the
Chinese nationalist leader was rumoured to
have lived here for several years at the turn
of the century.
The Wing Sung building, built in 1889, on
51-69 E. Pender and was once an opium
The CPR station at 601 W. Cordova was
finished in 1914 and was the third station to
be built on that site.
If the CPR had not chosen Vancouver as
its terminus then the development might
never have occurred as it was the railway
which provided much of the impetus to
When the CPR decided to extend the
railway from Port Moody to Vancouver,
they were given 6,000 acres west from
Cambie to Burrard and Burrard Inlet to
False Creek to 53rd Avenue between
Trafalgar and Ontario streets. Private
landowners in the East and West Ends also
donated a third of their land.
The CPR built the station, the Vancouver
Opera House and several other buildings in
an attempt to make their land more attractive to investment. The Granville artery
did not become the main thoroughfare of
Vancouver until well after the turn of the
The 13 storey orange Dominion Building
at 207 W. Hastings was built in 1908 as "an
object of pride to every citizen.".
When it was completed the Dominion
Building was the most modern office
building   in   Canada,   the   highest   steel
Friday,  March  26,   1976
Page Friday, 7 boohsboohsboohsboohsbooksboohsboohsboohsboohs
Christ stolen from Jewish Cult
In his latest volume, Irving
Layton, Canada's most established
and prolific poet, aims at
repossessing Christ for the Jewish
"It is an historical mischance,"
Layton writes in his polemical
preface to the volume, "largely the
work of St. Paul, that Jesus has
been wrenched from the succession of prophets and turned into
a deity that intelligent gentiles are
able to worship only with increasing embarrassment."
Irving Layton,
For My Brother Jesus
McClelland and Stewart.
$4.95, paperback.
And in the poem Jesus and St.
Paul he adopts the persona of
Christ to denounce Paul as "an
epileptic Hellenized sod." The
characteristic tone of rage and
bitterness, however, seems to stem
from Layton's personality rather
than what little we know of Christ.
Layton wants to recapture the
human Christ, rather than the
myth-encrusted figure of Sunday
school textbooks — the man who
was "not God's Son but a Hebrew
This doesn't seem to me to involve a particularly new - perception of Christ, though Layton
himself would not agree.
"In this collection of poems I am
out to accomplish two things: first,
to reclaim Jesus for the Jews as
one of their greatest prophets . . .
Secondly, I want to de-hypnotize
people through outrage,
imagination and truth to an
awareness that Christianity is
founded neither on myth nor fiction, but on an ignoble lie.
"If I am not fooling myself, the
note of protest and indignation
which I sound in these poems has
never before been heard in English
poetry or in any other European
Layton certainly is fooling
himself here, since many
European writers have registered
the horrifying contradiction between the cultures of civilized
modern states and the actions of
those states (be they Nazi
atrocities, Gulag camp systems, or
nuper-power imperialist foreign
Sylvia Plath is an obvious name
that comes to mind of a hypersensitive poetess who took on her
fragile shoulders the guilt of the
modern world (notably the concentration camps) and allowed it
to destroy her.
But Layton is perhaps correct in
assuming that he is one of the few
North American writers of our
time whose sensibility is almost
European in its sense of the insecure foundations of modern
For the European writer,
colonization, exile, mass civilian
exoduses and racial oppression are
a part of the fabric of modern life
(at least up until 1945 and up to 1968
and beyond for the luckless
inhabitants of the Soviet bloc). For
the North American writer such
conditions are not a part of the
contemporary psyche beyond such
local events as Vietnam, which
again was something as remote as
Chile or Czechoslovakia for the
average uninvolved citizen.
Any writer who fleshes out the
modern elements of the ironic,
despairing vision captured in
Joseph Conrad's Heart of
Darkness is obviously worth
having around. Any Layton always
avoids the blandness of the polite
modern literary intelligensia.
Yet what comes through the
loudest in this volume, as in many
of the previous ones, is Layton the
Layton aligns himself with
Christ, yet his own tone of voice
lacks humility, veering between
sledgehammer irony and crude
Layton describes the world as
being made up of the following
"runts, knaves and goons, madmen, musclemen, psychopaths,
parasites, niggardly worms,
speedfreaks, Jesus freaks,
epileptics, bloated greedyguts,
courtesans, newsprint-reading
imbeciles, ugly girls who make me
ill, costive runts scribbling verses,
pious quislings, pious rabble, sick
Europeans, maggots, the
discontented, the crippled, frowsy
middle-aged hags, maniacs,
neurotic tourists, and multitudes
who eat, guzzle, burp and break
This sour, vengeful and essentially inhumane note intrudes into
at least half of the poems in this
Here is a typical Layton
Worms are free from envy, not
Remorsefully though they'll cry
and twinge;
It's the spur by which some black
Prods them ever onward twinge
by twinge.
But is Layton really speaking for
men here, or merely for himself?
A  similar   squeal  of  spite   is
evident in 'Island Circe!'
All day long she sits on her well-
cared-for ass,
Displeased with everything, idle
and brainless;
If you dropped it into her mouth,
she's chew grass
Save that she needs tongue and
teeth for something else.
Monkeys can be spiteful, but can
cows too?
I ask, and wait for her cantankerous moo.
Eagerly her lips swoosh in the
island crud,
The hot fresh droppings to be
chewed into cud.
A bored female is an evil one;
One gets tired of plugging one's
Gets   tired   even   of  spirit.   By
What else to do but booze and
become spiteful?
This is presumably meant to be
ironic and amusing, but is surely
tasteless and gratuitous.
The book divides into three styles
of poem: those about Layton's
women, in which he continues to
relish the by now stereotyped role
of lascivious old man; those about
politics and society and those
specifically about Jesus and the
This volume stands or falls by
the success of its poems about
Here,   however,   one   gets   the
sense  that  Layton   is   better   at
putting his view over in prose than
in poetry. Repeatedly his grand
gestural  lines sag into  lame  or
cloudy conclusions:
O crucified poet
your  agonized face haunts  me
... [I]  lose you finally among
your excited brethren
haranguing or haloing them
with your words of love,
your voice gentle as my father's.
[For My Brother Jesus]
Sometimes,   brother   Jeshua,   I
whether you know
A wine for all reasons. Mateus Rose.
Product of Portugal.
Marketed across Canada
by Canadian Schenley Distilleries Ltd.
what imbecilities have been said
and done
in your name, what madnesses
At other times, though
seeing you hanging so helplessly
on the Cross
with that agonized look on your
I know as if you had spoken that
youknow. [Incident at the
There are a handful of superb
poems tucked away amid the
ephemera — the oblique and
dazzling The Arch, the sad, lyrical
Of the Man Who Sits in the Garden
and the disturbing June Bug, which
considers "the bleak insomniacal
notion/that Chance and Unreason
are lords of all."
On the whole, though, For My
Brother Jesus promises a lot more
than it delivers. Layton is in some
danger of becoming an acerbic
windbag prophet of doom.
His lyrical writing occasionally
reaches higher than anything else
being produced in Canada today.
Put next to a volume like Dorothy
Liyesay's Ice Age, Layton's is
refreshingly energetic.
All the same, Layton's persona
as plastic controversialist seems to
be having a deleterious effect on
his career, and regrettably it looks
as if the didacticist will win out
over the lyricist for some time to
Finally, a note to the publishers.
In a world where people buy Lou
Reed albums, I don't object to
paying $5 for a slim 126-page
poetry paperback. I do, however,
object to your use of a cheap glue
binding that results in the bloody
book disintegrating the third time
I read through it.
a CBC production
March 31, 1976
12:30 p.m.
Sat, 11:30 a.m.—CBU 690
Page Friday, 8
Friday, March 26,  197c vietvlnterviewinterviewinterviewintervietvinterview
'Mass audience will eat shit9
From PF 3
against them because I was in the union.
This is what they were worried about. So
they backed down and they just said, "Oh,
slap your wrist, and let's be professional.
Let's not have this happen again."
But at that point, after the meeting in
Frank Callaghan's office I was called into
Bob Morris's office and he just mentioned,
"Well, we've come to an understanding
about what we're doing at night time. It's
not working out too well. We'd like to give
you a chance to do your own programming.
You can play your own music, within
limitations, between seven o'clock and 10
o'clock. "So I said, "fine" and that's the way
it was for the past couple of months.
He, did stress that I should maintain a
balance and attend to the format clock,
playing my own choice of music but playing
a gold at the top of the hour and then
following it, but most importantly keeping
the time" checks and the commercial log
intact. In other words, if I had a commercial
spot to play at ten after then I would play it
at ten after and not at fifteen after.
Well, I broke that because I got into my
own music and it was impossible to program
to the minute anyway, but even five minutes
out. But it sounded a lot better for it. I don't
think it mattered too much at night time if
you had a commercial spot running at ten
after and you put it on at fifteen after as long
as you had the music and you had the break
and you balanced it out with what you were
playj,ng and what you were getting into.
It worked out well, and I got compliments
from Morris. He chastised me on occasion
about, "Well you gave a time check at
nineteen minutes after and it was only fifteen after," things like that. I would play a
commercial not at the wrong time but at a
different time than when it was logged,
although I would mark it in at the time I
played it. Little things like that, which I
didn't feel were infractions, and they got to
the point where they just left me alone.
PF: A lot of people in radio and in the
music industry in Vancouver were surprised
at CKLG-FM firing you, John Tanner and
Bob Ness, as many people felt you were the
best disc jockeys in the station. Were you
S.: All of a sudden coming back from
Seattle about three and a half, four weeks
ago I walked in and John wasn't on the air in
the afternoon slot about five o'clock. I had a
meeting previously arranged for 10 o'clock
that morning. I said I'd be in Seattle so "I'll
be back and if it's OK with you Bob (Morris)
I'll see you at five o'clock" and he said,
So I came in there, and Bob Morris was on
the air instead of John, so I figured John was
sick. I asked, "Is John not feeling too well?
He wasn't feeling too well on Friday when I
left." He (Morris) said, "No, I guess not."
At that point he said, "Would you go and see
Frank Callaghan." And I thought, "Well,
either one of two things. I'm going to be
—matt king pnoto
TANNER . . . samples disco shit
canned   or   become   the   next   program
So I walked in there and Frank was there.
Frank was meticulous as always, he was
fitting there back in his chair, and he just
looked at me: "Barry, I'll come right to the
point. We don't have any use for your services any longer." Handed me the cheque
and that was about it. He just told me that,
"The programming was going in a different
direction and that we wanted to change the
sound of the station and to do that we have to
get rid of some of the people who were there
im the very beginning," that the audience he
feels generally associates with what he
called the sub-hippie culture' of the 1967-68
PF: Do you feel that your style of radio is
anchored in that era?
S.: The problem is that these people never
even got into 1966 and 1967 when it was
happening — whether they smoke dope or
not is entirely out of the question — but
they've never kept up with the times.
In the Vancouver Sun Don Hamilton was
quoted as saying that our musical taste and
knowledge is based in 1968 and that we're
still into that. But he's crazy. If you take that
quote that was written up in the Vancouver
Sun to the effect that, "They're still based in
1968, music has changed. It's become more
elaborate since then," he says nothing. That
is the most worthless piece of shit I've ever
heard as a quote. It doesn't apply. They
have ho idea where music is at. Greg Collins
and Bob Morris are still locked in before
1967. It reflects in a lot of the music they
play. You can question them on some of the
music and they know nothing about it.
PF: What sort of music do you feel FM
should be playing''
S.: What CKLG-FM should be playing is a
wide variety of popular music. Music that
you don't generally hear on the AM band
would constitute the great bulk of the
programming on FM. All kinds, from rock
to folk, jazz rock, r&b, disco, rock and roll,
MOR, space rock, country oriented rock — .
there's just so many ways to define music
right now.
The problem lies mainly with the people
programming in that they don't really
appreciate music very much. They don't
even like music. That's good, they feel,
because then they can disassociate themselves emotionally from it. In other words, if
John and Bob Ness and myself were
emotionally into music — like we like certain music — then we would flog the music
that we like. That's not true. But that's one
way to define it to themselves because
they're so insecure in their own knowledge
of where music is and where the mass
audience is.
The mass audience will eat shit. They
always have. We feed them that. But they're
really not breaking it down into what constitutes their FM audience. You'll find that a
Aliens invade Gage Towers
This year, 1976, is the fiftieth anniversary
of Amazing Stories, the magazine, created
by Hugo Gernsback, which was the
beginning of modern science-fiction.
Among other things, Hugo was respon-'
sible for the very word 'science-fiction' after
his first 'scientification' proved too unwieldy. Hugo is also heavily responsible for
the appearance of a phenomenon known as
'SF fandom,' for the tradition of SF
magazines he created often featured letter
columns and this is how SF fans first
became aware of each others' existence. It's
only natural, then, that this year's V-Con
should feature a slide-show tribute to Hugo
Gernsback, the father of it all.
What's a V-Con? Well, whether you've
heard of it or not, the Vancouver Science-
Fiction Convention is an annual, cultural
event. Some quick history: once there were
some students with an SF club here at UBC;
eventually they were forced to leave. They
then became the BCSFA (British Columbia
Science Fiction Association), now the
biggest organization of its kind in Canada.
Each year, for four years now, some of the
BCSFA members have staged a convention.
This year, V-Con 5 will be held at Gage
convention centre here at UBC from about 1
p.m. Friday, May 21 to 4 p.m. Sunday, May
23. Memberships are $9.00, either at the
door, via the Vancouver Ticket Centre, or
from Box 48701, Bentall Station, Vancouver,
Great, so what's an SF convention? First
and foremost, I suppose, it's % chance to
meet SF authors. V-Con 5's guest of honor is
Larry Niven, a four-time Hugo award
winner. (Hugos, and you can guess where
the name came from, are awards voted on
by SF fans.) He is the creator of the Kzinti,
the Grogs, the Bandersnatch, and famous
six-hundred-million-mile doughnut ... the
'Ringworld.' He's one of the most popular
'hard' SF writers Chard science-fiction'
because complex technological and
scientific backgrounds play an important
part). Special guest will be Terry Carr, two-
time Hugo winning editor, whose Best of the
Year and Universe original anthology series
are probably the most important and influential of their respective types. Other
writers who plan to attend are well-known
Victoria author Michael G. Coney, Mildred
Downey Broxen, Vonda Mclntyre and F. M.
Busby (whose tender, necrophiliac love
story, Tell me all about Yourself, was one of
the Year's Best in 1974).
After you've rapped with the authors,
there are movies running all day and until
one o'clock in the morning (including the
infamous Star Trek blooper reels). The
controversial Elron awards (handsome
plastic-lemon trophies for the worst Sf of the
year) will be given out at a banquet served
by UBC's food services and yes, those of you
who avoid the banquet will be allowed back
in for the award presentations, the acceptance speeches (if any) and special talks
by the two guests.
If you're not a Trekkie and can stand
heavy lecturing there are panel discussions
and speeches. Several researchers will talk
on Non-Human Intelligence, Terry Carr on
Mythology and Sf, and Larry Niven on
Dyson Spheres, to name a few. (What's a
Dyson sphere? Basically, you take apart the
solar system. Then you rebuild it in the
shape of a beachball and live on the inside.)
If you are a Trekkie, and have seen all the
movies, you can still take refuge in the art
show, which at past V-Cons has been an
interesting showcase of SF art, or the
huckster's room, where the dark treasures
of Sf history (say, tribbles or moldered
copies of Planet Stories) are sold.
But the main thing that is important about
SF conventions is meeting people, all sorts
of people from all walks of life, who are
bound together by their interest in SF. V-
Con's attendance was over 600 last year and
will probably increase this year. If you're
interested, it's very easy to meet other SF
people. There's a meet-the-authors party,
close to the bar of course, on Friday night
that will transform itself into a costume
party in the SUB ballroom. (An uncomfortable event if you're easily disturbed
by bug-eyed or Lovecraftian monsters, but
good for meeting people. You-simply ask the
creature in front of you, "What are you?")
The best way of meeting people at an SF
convention, though, are the parties held into
the ungodly hours of the night. With a
respectable amount of booze present, most
of the most colorful and thought provoking
words about SF first see light at the parties.
Any event where so many people are
brought together can be a disaster of mismanaged organization. But there's not
much chance of that with four successful V-
Cons already, a capable convention committee, and special guests who are known to
be open, friendly and interesting. V-Con 5
should be an event to stimulate the sense of
lot of people who were listening about six or
seven years ago would never think of
listening to FM right now. I say that not out
of spite, but I say that because there's really
nothing to listen to and it's an insult.
I think that the commercial content that
they were running for the last couple of
years has gotten to the point where anyone
with any shred of intelligence would be
affronted by it.
PF: You mean things like the "317"
S.: "317" is one, and there are others.
Other than that, if you have a sense'of
humor you can laugh at it for a while. That's
what we had to do when we played these
commercials that they were running. There
may be three or four ads in the whole station
that you could say are in keeping with any
semblance of taste at all.
T.: I was just thinking about what you
were saying about not listening to FM
anymore, because I've tried to listen to it
just for enjoyment and I can't. As far as I'm
concerned about the only good thing to listen
to is, on the AM band. CBC. I think it
probably has the most to offer. When you
tune in there you know you're going to hear
something informative with lots of variety.
As for FM - I don't know, C'FMI, CHQM
•■-. I prefer to put on a record myself. I don't
thinkthere's much, unless you can get some
of the Seattle stations that come up here,
because there's such .< variety of them. Coop Radio is doing a few interesting things. At
least when you listen to music there you
know it's going to be local stuff.
That's one thing that LG would never get
into, local music. They'd play the odd
album. I kept leaving lists, like, "Why don't
we play (his: Pied Pumkin and Chilliwack."
Those were two albums they never touched.
And they would take the Heart album and
play two or three cuts and that's all they'd
ever play and they'd take one and flog it to
death and that would be your A hit. Vancouver talent right now — if you look at the
new Bim album — there's people from
Susan Jacks to Terry Frewer and people
who were in Spring. It seems like all the old
Vancouver groups have broken up but
they've reformed and they're getting back
together with different people.
The music is right here. You could go on
and play just local music and really entertain people. So if you mix that in with
music from all over the world — and I mean
everywhere, Africa. South America — a
little bit of everything, it's great.
PF: How do you think the new CRTC
regulations relate to this?
T.: The new CRTC regulations are calling
for a foreground sound whore you have to do
at least 15 minutes of one kind of program or
one kind of music. They're saying that we're
not capable of doing this, but it's just
ridiculous because there's so much music in
the world you can get into, to comply with
these regulations. I think it's a Godsend that
these regulations have come about. By the
way they're talking, they're doing it because
they have to and it's sort of something they
don't really want to do.
I think the only answer is another radio
station, and maybe that will come-about one
of these days.
PF: You mentioned that at CKLG-FM
they don't really know who their audience is.
Who listens to CKLG-FM anymore?
S.: CKLG-FM has about 120,000 regular
listeners, people who would rather hear
Nazareth than listen to CFMI. They're very
confused at CKLG-FM right now. They don't
know ehther to play the Captain and Tenille
or Nazareth. There's quite a difference
between the two. So at night time they're
playing more Deep Purple and Led Zeppelin
— they're more rock oriented, and in the
daytime they're playing it safer, because
they feel that the key to their success is in
getting a lot of women listeners and they
figure that's where CFMI is really strong.
Their concept of the woman listener is one
who will respond to The Captain and Tenille
and just mellow stuff. Not entirely wrong if
you break down the demographics.
However, I think it is still just a little too
The programming is very repetitious.
They're still playing some of the same cuts
they were playing three or four months ago.
All I can say is that if people really like it
there's not much that can really be done
about it until such time as they have some
competition that might prove them a little
wrong, a little behind the times.
Friday, .March  26,   1976
Page Friday, 9 Mind
From PF 3
F.: In your book you put much
emphasis on physical health and
discipline as prerequisites for
either playing or . listening to
music. Are you saying that music
itself can be a sufficient motive for
social health?
R.: Any music has different
characteristics, for instance even
in the so-called occult and religious
field you have the devil worshipping and different ways of
approach. Most of our Indian
music has a soothing effect, it is
more lyricaL tranquilizing. It can
be exciting but exciting in the
rhythmic sense or in its virtuosity.
That excitement is more on the
sophisticated plane.
F: When your music is passed on
from teacher to student what part
of your ancient culture is passed
along as well?
R.: The whole thing. Not just the
techniques or art. It is the whole
way of life, our culture, our
heritage. That's why, you see, our
whole music is alive. It is not
written down. That's the secret.
That's why it has success in a
foreign land, they feel that
F.: To what extent is North
American music an influence in
R.: It is not a question of influencing in any way, excepting in
our film music, which is our
popular music.
F.: Is it even possible for a young
culture to have a sophisticated
attitude toward music?
R.: Absolutely. It is my personal
experience. I saw the difference
already. Those who were taking it
so lightly have changed.
F.: Whathavewe learned so far?
R.: Jazz has a lot of
sophistication. Very cerebral, very
intellectual.   It   is,   I   feel   less
emotional now than it was before. I
feel in all different kinds of music
in North America, it is headed for
cerebral and intellectual planes.
F.: When I was at a recent
concert I felt that I was observing
some very competently executed
rage, confusion and perhaps
psychosis. It appeared to me that
this was reflecting the mood of the
times in our society. Why should a
musician try to achieve a higher
plane than just expressing
whatever his society is as he sees
R.: I don't know enough about
that kind of music. What I hear,
though: I think too much of that
kind of music is going on. If one can
raise that rage in you, maybe they
are full of rage themselves.
Ravi's feet were less than two-
thirds of the way out of his sandals
when trenchy-coat red afro lady
with imposing presence paces into
the room and keeps pacing while
looking at her watch. Ravi gives
her a sign with his finger. She sits
down. Looks at her watch, leaves
the room. Comes back with the
materdee. They stand next to the
table until recognized by Ravi.
F.: May we do the second half of
the interview at another time?
Heavy: There is no other time.
R.: Perhaps there is.
Materdee gives us spurious
confirmation of Ravi's invitation to
lunch, to get us off Ravi's back.
Arrive at small broom closet
which had a table set for eight in it.
There were already. 10 legitimate
guests for lunch when we arrived.
Chair holocaust begins. We sat on a
couch in the corner and ordered
coffee. We will not have lunch. We
will merely take notes while the
great man socializes. You guys
fight over the chairs.
Waitress arrives to take charge.
We had the impression that she-
was picked up by a helicopter out
of a Bavarian beer hall and set
down at the faculty club complete
with dirndl. If anybody can sort out
Thinking of Teaching?
ARE YOU —graduating?  ,„„,*«„„■,,M.„,«,■,,„d*™i
— finishing second year?
— considering teaching as a career?
If you answer "yes" to ANY of these questions
then come to an informational meeting
The Directors of U.B.C.'s Elementary and Secondary teacher education
programs will be present to answer your questions on:
— job opportunities
— alternative teacher education programs
— entrance requirements
this gig she will. Ravi looks about
in wonder. People leave. People sit
This was not good enough for the
barmaid. She has the audacity to
tell us that we are in the way. We
will have to take our pencil
scratchings some place else. She
cannot serve when the unwashed
are in the room. We tried to ignore
her, thinking that this is the way
beermaids make themselves invisible in Bavaria. Our reverie
about the differences between
cultures was terminated and we
shuffled out of the corner, out of the
First they take a perfectly good
sound man and turn him into a
bellhop. Then they.tell the great
man what he should eat. Even:
presume to tell the press when it
mgy make marks on paper.
End lunch with Ravi. Many are
called but etc. etceteri et-
The next event will be a lecture
and a performance in the penthouse.
We don't know about you but
when we are looking for a pen-
thouse>we generally go to the top of
the building. It is not there. Here
we are on the roof of a building and
we have to climb into the elevator
and take it down to the fourth floor.
That is where we find the penthouse. I suppose it should be said
that we were lucky it wasn't in the
Bellhop's report:
Ravi is seated on a green shag
carpet. He has the sun beating on
his back and he keeps lifting his
shirt but nobody will close the
curtain. The materdee from the
faculty club was in the front of the
crowd. We sent him some vibes:
take the sun off Ravi's back!
Nothing. Finally, we resorted to
prayer. Cloud comes before the sun
but we couldn't hold it there. Got it
back once or twice; then it finally
dawned on the materdee that he
should do Something. He got alert
SUBFILMSOC presents the
best movie last (of course
that is debatable).
Paramount Pictures
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[Fri., Sat., <§>7:0u79:30 in the SUB
■Aud. Bring 75c, Library card.
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Sun. 5:00 - 10 p.m.
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for a second and appeared to be
concentrating on the drone of the
air conditioner which was almost
as loud as a bumble bee but not
quite. (Ravi's lecture voice carried
over the noise of the machine.)
Materdee gets up out of his trance,
produces a safety pin. He needed
one because the drapes do not close
all the way. Drapes pinned closed.
End bellhop's report.
R.: And they told me it was cold
Ravi's lecture on music was
delivered to a select campus crowd
of approximately 73 people. A lot of
what was said occurs in his book
My Music, My Life. It is beautifully
written. It contains many wonderful stories about great men and
Having spent much energy in the
cloud we cannot remember the
lecture so we won't try to recount
that which we do not know. The
reader may find the book at his
Ravi introduced the instruments
calling them by names which we
would have to be Indian to say.
Then he introduced the. men who
played them. The gentleman on the
left with the contented smile is the
SeePF 12: MIND
The Student's Administrative
Commission (SAC) will
receive applications for
the following committees:
Special Events
Food Services
Traffic and Parking
Nominations for the Budget Committee close by 4:00 p.m.,
Tuesday March 30. Please leave your name and a very brief
resume including which committee you are applying for, in SUB
248 if you are interested.
In addition, persons interested in the position of Returning
Officer should submit their names to the same place.
John Swainson
Secretary, SAC
The Student's Representative
Assembly (SRA) will
receive applications for
the following committees:
P lanning
Safety,    Security
Charitable Donations
War Memorial Trust Advisory
&     Co-Ordinating
Library    Processing
and     Fire
Women's Athletic Club
Men's Athletic Club
Master Teachers
Food Services
Traffic and Parking
Winter Sports Centre
Nominations for the Budget Committee close by 4:00 p.m.,
Tuesday March 30. Please leave your name and a very brief
resume including which committee you are applying for, in SUB
250 if you are interested.
Ellen Paul
Page Friday. 10
Friday, March 26,  1976 vanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistvanhistva
From PF 7
structure on the West Coast and the tallest,
building in the British Empire.
The Cenotaph at the junction of Hastings
and Cambie is now a monument commemorating the Vancouver dead of the
First World War, but it was once the original
site of the Vancouver courthouse.
The Cenotaph, or Victory Square, served
as a meeting place for the protests of many
of Vancouver's unemployed work force
during the Depression.
The Canadian Immigration Building was
constructed in 1914 and is visible from the
foot of Thurlow Street. It is one sign of the
many changes that immigration policies
have undergone in Canada.
The building was used to process all
immigrants arriving in Canada from Asia.
The building was also used to detain unruly
crews until their ships sailed out of the
During the Depression, many Canadian
immigrants who lost their jobs were
deported through this building for accepting
any government relief. After the Japanese
attack on Pearl Harbour, Japanese citizens
sent to camps in the interior of B.C. also
went through the Canadian Immigration
The Marine Building was finished in 1929
and is a commonly acknowledged landmark
in Vancouver. Its construction at a cost of
$2.5 million represented a strong belief in
Vancouver's future — a belief which proved
to be unfounded as the Stock Market
crashed in that same year.
The building was first offered to the civic
government for $1 million as a city hall, then'
it was finally sold to the Guiness Company
for a third of that price.
On May 11, 1938, 16,000 unemployed
Vancouver men organized themselves into
compact units with ten men and one leader,
then occupied the Post Office, the Art
Gallery and the Hotel Georgia.
The "Sitdowners" as they came to be
known, occupied the Post Office in a
demand for Federal aid. The men inside
held sports days and even published a
"Sitdowner's Gazette".
They were finally evicted on June 20, by
the RCMP who surrounded the block and
waded into the Post Office .wielding their
clubs and clearing it in minutes. The
enraged "Sitdowners" ran down Hastings
Street, smashing windows and causing
$30,000 damage, gathering at the Powell
Street Grounds, now Oppenheimer Park.
So Vancouver does have a rich and deep
history in its buildings — just waiting to be
discovered and in the words of that famous
Greek traveller Herodotus, "History is
where you find it."
SKBO.3404   -   Beatles
1967 - 70 - The Beatles
SKBO.3403   -   Beatles
1962 - 66 The Beatles
$11.98 series.
$11.98 series
: Capitol,
SMAS.11163- Dark
Side Ol  The  Moon  -
Pink Floyd. $-   99
$7.29 series.
AL 4049    -    Bay    City
Rollers - Bay City
Rollers. $4.99
$7.29 series.
AL 4071 - Rock 'N Roll
Love Letter -JB»y City
Rollers. $^.99
$7.29 series. ^
ST.11496 - Give Us A
Wink   -   Sweet.   $7.29
$7.29 series.
Kelly's A
SO.383 - Abbey Road - The Beatles    $8.29
SWBO.101 - The Beatles - The Beatles...$14.58
SVBB.11307 - Endless Summer -
Beach Boys    $8.29
AL.4060 - Trying To Get The Feeling -
Barry Manilow    $7.29
ST.11467 - Greatest Hits - Helen Reddy. $7.29
UALA.546 - Face The Music -
Electric Light Orchestra    $7.98
ST.11482-Born To Die-
Grand Funk Railroad    $7.29
UALA.441 - Why Can't We Be Friends
-War    $7.29
SMAS.11419 - Venus & Mars-
Paul McCartney    $7.29
AL.4035 - Your Mama Won't Like Me -
Suzi Quatro    $7.29
AL.4031 - Melissa - Milissa Manchester.   $7.29
AL.4066   Patti Smith - Patti Smith    $7.29
ST.1358 - Heart Like A Wheel -
Linda Ronstadt    $7.29
SW.3421 - Shaved Fish -
John Lennon     $7.29
SW.3422 - Blast From Your Past -
Ringo Starr    $7.29
ST.6439 - Love's The Only Game In
Town - Suzanne Stevens....   $7.29
ST.11457 - Radio Activity-
Kr'aftwerk  $7.29
AL.4067 - Better Days & Happy Endings
- Melissa Manchester     $7.29
ST.11440 - Norther Lights & Southern
Crossing - The Band    $7.29
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Opera - Queen    $7.29
MS.2235 - Sweet Harmony -
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MS.2236 - Elite Hotel -
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BS.2868 - The Dream
Weaver - Gary Wright     $7.29
BS.2899 - Takin' It To The
Streets - Doobie Brothers    $7.29
Before The
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CHL.509 - Skyhigh - Jigsaw...
BDS.5650 - High Energy -
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NBLP. 7020-Alive
PS.7000 - The Four Seasons
Story - The Four Seasons	
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SD.18154 - Beginnings -
Steve Howe    $7.29
SD.18159- Fish Out Of
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BR.6959 - Fool For The City
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CHR.1078-Best Of
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7ES.1048-Best Of-
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7ES.1052-BestOf-Eagles...  $7.98
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NBLP.7021 - Angel - Angel...   $7.29
SV.1923 - Sweet Blindness -
Sweet Blindness    $7.29
SV.1919 - Scotch On The
Rocks - Band Of The Black
Watch     $7.29
SV.1920 - Bruce Murray -
Bruce Murray     $7.29
NBLP.7025 - Destroyer -
Kiss    $7.29
Are You
Ready For
Freddie -
Granville Mall
Shopping Centre
2185 W. Broadway
Yew & Broadway
Shopping Centre
22 Victoria Cresc.
721 Yates
648 Yates
Vancouver: 949 & 540 Granville Mall, 2714 W. Broadway, 2185 W.
Broadway, Oakridge Shopping Centre; New Westminster: 601
Columbia St.; West Vancouver: Park Royal Shopping Centre;
North Vancouver: 1760 Lonsdale; Burnaby: 7303 Kingsway;
Richmond: 605 # 3 Rd.; Surrey: 10650 King George Hwy.; Abbotsford: Fraser Ridge Shopping Mall; Chilliwack: 3 Yale. Rd.; Also at
participating Kelly's Stores throughout B.C.
Friday,   March   26,   1976
Page Friday, 11 Mind
From PF 10
great tabla artist Alia Rakha.
There were many displays of his
excellence with drum and voice.
There were sounds that were
struck and there were sounds that
were unstruck. (You may
recognize these unstruck sounds as
silence.) We ha„ve heard it spoken
in artistic circles that the drums
are the cops of music. If so then we
may see this man as the chief
The man seated behind and to
the right who appeared to be asleep
during most of the lecture was the
person who made the sitar which
Ravi plays. He is along for the ride
just in case something goes wrong
witbthe instrument on the road. As
long as he is there he might as well
be playing some music too so he
gets to play the tamboura.
Ajfter checking with the
maferdee it becomes clear that the
jam can only last 4 min. Time for a
4-rriin. raga. Those 4 min. went by
fast, complicated, and inar-
Now comes the sticky part.
There wasn't time enough to get
Ravi's responses to the rest of the
questions. Accordingly, we will
have to make them up.
F'.r What services do Indian
musicians perform for their
F.: Probably he would have
said: Our job is to transfix their
souls. Or: we try to take them with
us into ecstacy while teaching
them the ancestral data which is
locked in their respective medulla
F.: Suppose that a musician is
meant to lift the spirits of his
people and stimulate them to grow
and learn. How would you advise a
serious musician in North America
in what ways he should try to lead?
F.: He might have gone:
Musician heal thyself.
F.: Soon an Indian boy in Madras
or Bombay is-going to plug his sitar
into electricity which was
generated by nuclear energy
imported from a foreign land. Is
there cause for alarm?
F.: I wouldn't have been surprised if he would have said: What
a clever way to get someone who is
normally averse to discussing
politics, wrangled into talking
about nuclear music. Then, after
this praise, we are fairly certain
that' there would have been a
learned monologue dealing with
nuclear music. There would have
been, some * praise of his own
country for the wisdom it takes to
know that: if you can't get the
brahmin to the reactor, bring the
reactor to the brahmin. How else is
he going to make his judgments
except by direct observation. Is he
to be expected to hallucinate the
extent of the danger out of thin air?
Then there would have been some
hopes like: he hopes that in "their
wisdom they decide to move fast.
F.: You mentioned in your book
that the North Americans have a
better understanding of the value
and importance of time than the
Indian. How is that?
F.: Here he would have exploited
the day's events as object lesson. '
Didn't I have a bellhop when I
needed one? Didn't I get to lunch
on time? Didn't my 4 min. raga end
in 4 min.?
F.: What do your North
American students say in criticism
of their own society?
F.: We wouldn't have been
surprised to hear some horror
stories mixed with compliments.
That is basically the way the
interview would have gone had it
been allowed to proceed. We had
already decided not to ask him the
next question about: do you find it
increasingly difficult to avoid
politics in a world so chaotic to
have replaced religion with
economics as a motive for war?
Such that, we need any competent
mind functioning, to use all of its
influence for speed? It is quite
obvious that he would have said:
What do you think I've been doing
for the last 40 years? See him at
Queen E. tonight.
Final Clearance
Moving Out Sale Permit No 44 360F
Below are just a partial stock list and examples of name brand stereo equipment that have to be cleared out.
OHM, ESS, DUAL, THORENS, KOSS, BGW, PHASE LINEAR AND MORE! Most units available are new
and in factory sealed cartons. Some are demos, and a few are trades. Full manufacturer warranties
applicable on new and demo equipment. Hurry for best selection. Due to the anticipated volume of
business, we shall not be able to handle phone orders. Sorry, no dealers please.
EPI 100V
Bose 301
AR 4xa
EPI 201A
Studiocraft by Bose Model 330
AR 6
EPI 250
Studiocraft by Bote Model 440
AR 2ax
EPI 350
Marantz 5G
Infinity POSH
Ohm F
AR 5
Infinity 1001A
AR 3a improved
Infinity Column
Infinity Monitor Junior
EPICURE Model 10
Infinity Monitor II
Pioneer SX-434 receiver
Pioneer SX-535 receiver
Pioneer SX-636 receiver
Pioneer SX-737 receiver
Pioneer SA-6500 amplifier
Pioneer SA-8500 amplifier
Pioneer SA-9500 amplifier
Pioneer TX-6500 tuner
Pioneer TX-75O0 tuner
Pioneer TX-9500 tuner
Sherwood S-7010 receiver
Sherwood S-7110 receiver
Sherwood S-7210 receiver
Sherwood S-7310 receiver
Sherwood S-8900A receiver
Sherwood S-7900A receiver
Sherwood SEL-400 amplifer
Sherwood S-2400 tuner
Marantz 3200 pre-amp.
Marantz 140 power amp.
Epicure Model 1 power amp.
Epicure Model 4 pre-amp.
Phase Linear 2000 pre-amp.
BGW 750A power amp.
CM Labs R-805 receiver
:j> :jh
BGW 1000 power amp.
BGW 500D power amp.
■»  *»>
Dual 1225
Dual 1226
Dual 1228
Dual 510
Dual 601
Pioneer PL-12DII
Pioneer PL-15R
Pioneer PL-55X
Fons CQ-30
Ariston RD-II
B & O Beogram 3000
Dual 901
Pioneer CTF2121
Teac A-360
SAVE 10, 20, UP TO 50% .'.'.'
Sherwood S-7110 Receiver $249
Sherwood S-8900A Receiver     $479
Sherwood S-7244 Quad Receiver $369
Marantz 5G Speakers     $69 ea.
Marantz 3200 Pre-amp     $219
Marantz 140 Power Amp. $299
Pioneer PL-12D turntable   $ 96
Mcintosh MC-2505 Power Amp $499
Phase Linear 2000 Pre-amp $299
B&O Beogram 3000 Turntable    $239
Ohm F Speakers    $479 ea.
Infinity Monitor II Speakers $439 ea.
AR3 speakers    $149 ea.
Teac A-360 Cassette Deck  $329
1034 Davie St. (near Burrard) 681-8188
Page Friday, 12
Friday, March 26,  1976 Friday,  March  26,   1V76
THE        UBY5SEY
Page 21
Asteroids may hide nifty rocks
A space mission to an asteroid
may be needed to get rocks that
were formed at the same time as
the solar system, a lunar sample
investigator said here Wednesday.
University of Toronto
geophysicist David Strangway told
70 people in Hennings that most
lunar samples were formed
several million years after the
moon was because of bombardment from meteors and from
volcanic explosions.
Strangway worked in the
Manned Spacecraft Centre in
Houston, Tex., during the Apollo
program as one of the leading
lunar sample investigators.
He said the asteroids, which lie
between Mars and Jupiter, are
virtually unchanged from the time
they were formed along with the
planets 4.6 billion years ago. The
moon and other planets have undergone many changes since that
time, Strangway added.
"What I see of Mercury is a
remnant of the early accretion
(formation) process," he said,
adding that the planet is still very
The Apollo program brought
back a good selection of lunar
materials of different
backgrounds, Strangway said.
Much   of  the lunar   materials
—matt king photo of photo
ASTRONAUT'S SHADOW   .. . falls on lunarscape as luncar module
collects specimens in distance.
SPECIAL 5x7 enlargement
from 35mm or 126 slide
and negative 99c
A   Good until April 3rd
^r%   a UtAJW"  cam eras ltd"
^7ffcg^4538 W. 10th Ave.
r^ 224-5858
British Columbia
Charlie Mayne, Manager
Audrey Budlow, Senior Loans Officer
Tina Verveda, Loans Officer
10th at Sasamat— 228-1141
come from the mari, or seas, which
he said were formed from volcanic
flows 3.2 to 3.8 billion years ago.
Molten basaltic rocks filled giant
basins which were caused by the
impact of giant meteors 4 billion
years ago, he said.
Rocks from the highland areas of
the moon areabout4.2 billion years
old, and were melted by meteor
impacts, he said. The moon has
changed little in the past 3 billion
years, he added.
"The question is not whether the
moon is hot or cold, but how much
of the moon was hot and when?"
said Strangway.
He claimed that the interior of
the moon was cold when it was
formed and the crust of the moon
was hot. Now, he said, the crust is
cold and inert but the core has
warmed up.
"There was extremely intense
bombardment of the surface which
sculpted the surface," he said.
"Impacting phenomena dropped
off dramatically about 3.7 to 3.8
billion years ago."   .
The moon's crust, which he said
is 60 kilometres deep, melted when
the moon was formed and is
composed of anthracites.
The mari basins then formed
from volcanic melting. They are
composed of basaltic rocks which
are almost the same today as when
they cooled.
"At least today, the inner part of
the modn is moderately warm."
These mari features have a
higher gravitational pull than the
rest of the moon, he said. These
high gravity areas changed the
orbits of space craft circling the
moon, he said.
The moon does not have a
magnetic field, but did possess a
primordial magnetic field 3 billion
years ago. Rocks in some regions
of the moon have "memories" of
this ancient magnetic field,
Strangway said.
A section of a large moon rock
has been found to be 4.6 billion
years old, he said. But the nature of
the rocks, in which minerals of
various types and origin are fused
together, make investigation of the
moon's past very difficult, he said.
The Aquarian Frontier and
the Evolution of Consciousness
Theodore Roszak
The author of Sources and
Masculine/Feminine makes
a daring personal projection
of where we are going, declaring that today's search
for a "higher sanity" will ultimately lead humanity to a
great leap forward. A landmark work from one of
North America's most important social and cultural
observer. $10.50
Available at leading bookstores
Published by
Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd.
150 Lesmill Road, Don Mills,
Ontario   M3B 2T5
by Jeremy Long
an original comedy with musici
Vancouver East Cultural Centre
1895 Venables Street
Tues.   Sat.   Mar. 25 Apr.10
Discover FRANCE
Travel by train.
Anti-inflation Student-Railpass
and Eurailpass as well as point to
point tickets and reservations for
travel in France and in Europe are
available through your travel
agent or our Montreal office.
Room 436, 1500 Stanley Street,
Montreal, (514) 288-8255
.*«V ^.<?J*&Jfii
The children shown above are playing on what used to be a tailing
pond near Salmo, B.C.
Tailing ponds are found near most mines in British Columbia.
They are where the sand-like tailing—the result of grinding rock
down to a size small enough to release the mineral—is deposited.
Ponds protect the environment by holding the sand in one small
area. They also collect water used in the concentration of minerals
so that it can be pumped back into the concentrator for re-use.
Since the rock was originally mined many feet below the surface-
it was once thought that nothing could grow naturally in tailing. But
the thick cover of grass shown in the photo resulted after Placer
applied selected seeds and booster applications of fertilizer.
Other mines in the Placer group have found that, with the proper
methods, grass can thrive on tailing, rock dumps, and other areas
previously used in mining operations.
Mines need land to produce the metals and minerals we all need-
but they also respect the environment. *
Friday, March 26, 1976
Hot flashes
Students     interested     in
Broadway     musicals    with    a
religious    slant    are    invited    to
-attend a showing of the popular
Godspell, which will be showing
at the University Hill United
Church, University Blvd., this
Friday and next.
Admission is free.
'tween classes
Panel     discussion     about     wage
controls, 8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
Elections     and      constitutional
■   amendments, noon, SUB 215.
The FBI war against the American
Indian  movement, noon, SUB 207.
Martian   porno   flicks,   noon,   SUB
Jim Strathdee and folk gospel, 8:30
p.m.    and    10:30    p.m.,    Lutheran
campus centre.
Meeting to plan final dinner, noon,
Bu. 352.
Free musical presentation: It's cool
in  the Furnace, noon, Scarfe 100.
Graduation recital by Sheila Hardy,
pianist, 2:30 p.m., music building
recital hall.
Graduation recital by Victor Niems,
violinist, 8 p.m., music building
recital hall.
Last   meeting   of   the   year,   guest
speaker, noon, SUB 212A.
Archbishop Somerville speaks
about the nature of the episcopate
today, 4:30 p.m., Lutheran campus
Discussion    group,    Tiger's    Fang,
noon, SUB 105B.
Graduation  recital  by Peter Audet,
trumpet,   8   p.m.,   music   building
recital hall.
Israeli  film   festival with Sinai and
Timeless Sand, noon, SUB 215.
Last meeting until September; club
T-shirts  available,  noon, SUB  200.
Final general meeting, noon, Angus
General party, noon, SUB 212A.
Last   introductory   lecture  at   UBC
this term, noon, Bu. 321.
People's law
The Vancouver People's Law
School is holding a free course on
mental patients and the law at
Fishermen's Hall, 138 East
Cordova, from 7:30 p.m. to 9:30
p.m., Monday, Tuesday and
Wednesday evening. To
pre-register, phone: 681-7532.
All aspects of the B.C. Mental
Health Act and the Patient's
Estate Act will be discussed.
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
(Opp. Liquor.Store and Super Valu) '
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs & Prints
Jokes - Gifts, etc.
Once upon a time there-
was a student who selected herself out of a summer job. lOh
no, we're not just picking on girls.
We've seen guys do it, too.)   .
She wanted to be an architect
this kid. So she held out for
a job that had something to do
with architecture. None came
along that year and by the time
she decided to settle for something else, it was too late. All the
jobs were gone. So was her
first year's tuition.
Moral: Don't hold out for the
impossible dream.
Who knows.Your Canada
Manpower Centre for Students
might introduce you to a whole"
new field. Maybe you'll like your
summer job so much you'll
want to make a career out of it
-A*       SUMMER.
and Immigration
Robert Andras
et Immigration
Robert Andras
Canada Manpower Centres
for Students.
Famed Consumer Advocate Is
Presenting His Views On:
Nuclear Energy
Mon. Mar. 29 at 12:30
Tickets available in SUB Foyer
and at the door - $1.00
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1,00; additional fines 25c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m„ the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 —Coming Event*
OR. BUNDOLO, Wednesday, March 31.
12:30  p.m.   Sub   Theatre.   It's   FEEE!
Management Groups and concerned
citizens Sunday, March 28th, 2 p.m..
Kits House, 232S W. 7th to discuss
the CMSIS situation in Day Care
because of the need for a better grant
10 — For Sale — Commercial
CLEARANCE of TEXAS Instrutments,
Calculators. SB 50's $80.00; SR51s
$115.00. Statisticians. Limited quantity.
Call 738-5851 evenings.
Western Canada's finest selection of
sound equipment. 3 sound areas for
undisturbed listening, knowledgeable
staff, highest quality—lowest price*.
Featuring — Marantz, Pioneer, Kenwood, Sony, Technics, Teac, Tannoy,
Dual,   Thorens,   Leak,   Wharfedale,
Klipsch, Nakaimchi, etc.        	
2699 W.  Broadway 733-5014
"The Finest for Less"
11— For Sale — Private
4" THICK DOUBLE BED, foam mattress. $15. Tel. 224-0541  after 5.
AIR TICKET, Vancouver-London, $100.
Invalid after March 30. 228-3292 or
7" THREE SPEED reel to reel tape deck
—Realistic (United Audio). Like new.
$125 or offer. Jerry, 266-6678. Keep
'74 HONDA CB3A0. Only 1800 miles.
Exc. cond., crash bars, windshield,
2 helmets. $1200 O.N.O. Ph. 943-4702
after 5 p.m.
'73 HONDA 3S0, only 5700 miles, exc.
cond. 2 helmets. $790. Ph. 266-6843.
35 - Lost
bound pin. Sedgewick or Sub. Call
NICOL, LAURIE JOHN, aged 29, of
S515 Inverness St., suddenly taken
from us on 1 Apr. 1976. According to
his wishes no flowers or donations or
cards of condolence are to be sent,
but a wake is to be held Sat., 27
March in remembrance at his residence. His friends are invited to
attend.  BYOB.
washroom last Thursday, sterling blue
opal ring. Finder please phone Ingrid,
FOUNTAIN PEN with sterling cap and
barrel gold nib. Sentimental value.
Phone Sandra, 224-4418.
40 — Messages •
50 - Rental*
MAUI CONDOMINIUM for two weeks
this May, June, July. Holds four.
Rate   $28/day.   433-4801   Mike.
— blackboards and screens. Free use
of projectors. 828 8011.
60 - Rides
20 — Housing
2 PLEASANT GIRLS preferred to share
huge new house from May to September, near UBC. Prefer non-smokers,
no pets.  228-0883.  $150/month.
May 1st. 731-2894, Bob, Ron, 6:00-8:00
NEAR BEACH and planetarium. Top
two floors of house. Suit three
couples or five singles. Two stoves.
Adults, no pets. $600. Avail. April
1st.   738-9728.
25 — Instruction
TAI CHI CHUAN for health and self-
defence forms and application call
Mr. Cho, 874-4932.
30 - Jobs
681-9816 from 11:00 a.m.-2:00 a.m.
546   Howe   Street.
65 — Scandals
SUBFILMSOC presents (as a final
comic relief before exams) the
strange movie: "Harold and Maude"
this Thurs. and Sun. 7:00, Fri. and
Sat. 7:00/9:30 in the SUB AUD. Bring
75c, library card and an alarm
70 — Services
coach 1st year. Calculus, etc. Kran-
ings. Individual Instruction on •
one-to-one basis. Phone: 733-3644. 10
a-m. to 3 P.m. daily.
80 — Tutoring
CaU the Tutorial Center, 228-4587
anytime or see Ian at Speak-Easy,
12:30-1:30 p.m. SI to register (refundable).
in math and chem by UBC graduate
in math/chem. 731-7886.
85 — Typing
FAST,    EFFICIENT    TYPING.    Essays,
thesis,   manuscripts.   266-5053.
TO BUY: Chem 230 and 205 lab notes
and books from 1974-75. Mary, 733-
99 — Miscellaneous
Page, 23
Rugby 'Birds after third crown
The Thunderbird rugby side goes
after its third crown of the year
when it takes on the University of
Victoria Vikings Saturday.
Last fall the 'Bird won their
fourth straight Canada West
championship, defeating the
Vikings 15-4 in the process.
Earlier this month they journeyed to California and collected
their third consecutive World Cup
with a lopsided victory over the
University of California at Santa
The winner of Saturday's match
will clinch the Pacific Northwest
Intercollegiate Rugby League title.
Each team has defeated third
place University of Oregon and
each has one game remaining after
If UBC does win, it will be their
fifth consecutive league championship.
UBC's final league game will be
against Eastern Washington State.
The 'Bird's are heavy favorites for
that one.
Fly-half John Billingsley,
fullback Robbie Greig and second
rows Dave Eburne and Ro Hindson
will all be rejoining the team. The
foursome were with the B.C. Reps
on their five game tour of Wales
and England.
Fortunately for UBC coach Donn
Spence none of the foursome were
hit very hard with the flu that
plagued the side on the trip.
The only doubtful starter is prop
Frank Carson. Carson injured his
shoulder in last week's exhibition
encounter with a combined UBC
Old Boys — Georgians side. Spence
is making sure Carson is given a
clean bill of health by the doctor
before he will insert him in the
If the need should arise, the UBC
Brave's Brett Salmond is waiting
in the wings to join Dennis Carson
and hook Larry Chung on the front
If Carson can play it would be the
first time since early September
that Spence has had the luxury of
filling all 15 positions with first
This is one reason why the 'Birds
have not been able to match the
level of their performance last
year. In the 1975 season they won
four major titles — the World Cup,
the McKechnie Cup, the Canada
West title and the Northwest intercollegiate championship.
The season was capped by the
'Birds being named the 1975 Team
of the Year by the B.C. Sports
Still UBC is not all that far off
the pace this year as they have
compiled a 17-4 record to date.
After the Western Washington
game they are still to play at least
two more. First will be a rematch
with James Bay side which is
responsible for one of the 'Birds
defeats this year.
The final UBC game of the year
will be May 1 when they take on the
Japanese national side.
In between James Bay and
Japan, Spence is trying to work
another exhibition encounter to
keep his boys in trim.
UVic is a young side that has
improved considerably since its
prior meeting with the 'Birds. They
have since climbed from the
bottom of Victoria's first division
to second place, behind James
Spence anticipates a difficult
game, but hopes for a break in the
weather to help the 'Birds back-
field fireup their running attack. It
has been a long time since the
'Birds have been in full flight and
he would like to see them airborn
before Japan hits town.
Gametime is 2:30 p.m. at
Thunderbird Stadium. The Athletic
Social Club will be hosting a dance
that evening and tickets will be
available at the game.
Vivitar has it all
Super Thyristor
Bounce Rash Vivitar 272 has it all —
auto exposure,
rapid cycling, energy saving, bounce
and much more
For wildlife photography the Automatic
Vivitar 400 mm f5.6.
is a great choice,
good value at
Vivitar Series 1
35 MM — 85 MM f2.8
TO 12*
Focuses to 4.3"
Computer Designed, a remarkable example ot advanced Vivitar design
Double the focal
length of your
normal or telephoto lens. Pen-
tax Thread Mt.
Available to Fit Moat
other SUfa at varl-
ouaSale Prloaa
So versatile it may be the only
accessory lens you'll ever need!
Wa have a limited slock ol'Vivitar
8S-205MM 13.8 Zooms lo fit Nikon
Nikkormat si a very special price.    HURRY!
Phone 736-3461 Page 24
Friday, March 26, 1976
MODEL 4103    (as shown)
Performance and styling. Adjustable RF gain, automatic
noise limiting and safety circuitry. 12 volt DC pos./neg.
ground and Quick-Release mounting.
Priced at only
Citizens' Band Transceivers
Craig, the quality leader in car stereo for more than a decade, presents an
exciting new line of Citizens Band Transceivers. Instant two-way
communications. For work and leisure - at home, on the road, or afloat.
MODEL 4104
Featuring automatic noise limiter & noise blanking.
Illuminated channel indicatfcr. Quick-release mounting
for extra security.
Now only.
Model 3521 - AM/FM stereo and
cassette player. Slot loading design.
The best in car stereo from A&B
Model 3511 — Quick-mount cassette
player for music wherever you go.
Locking fast forward and rewind. A
real good buy.
Model 3138 — Eight track players,
illuminated Power-play and program
indicators and quick-mount design.
More power for more music.


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