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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 16, 1976

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Array Centralized ed system seen
A former Douglas College
council member who resigned his
post to protest education minister
Pat McGeer's recent political
intervention at another community
college, predicted Thursday the
Socred government will move
towards a tightly centralized,
education system.
Jean-Pierre Daem, whose
resignation is effective today,
added he is disappointed more
people have not spoken out against.
McGeer's recent dismissals of five
NDP appointees to the Northwestern Community College
McGeer fired the five on Jan. 9
because, he said, they disobeyed a
government   order   forbidding
B.C.'s 14 current community
college councils to take any actions
binding on the next councils.
"I felt very strongly that my role
as a college council member was
challenged," Daem said.
He added the "implicit threat"
McGeer made by firing the five
council members is that whenever
a member did anything McGeer
didn't like, he could simply initiate
ah order-in-council dismissing the
offending member.
Daem termed the dismissals as
"a very dangerous and very
significant step."
"During my term of three years
(as a college council member) I
have never received a directive
from a minister telling me what to
do," Daem added.
"I don't think my involvement at
Douglas was a political one. People
are appointed by whatever
government to do a particular
job," he said.
He said if a minister is not
satisfied with the job done by an
appointee, "the minister has the
choice at the end of their term to
not reappoint them."
Daem, who was appointed to the
Douglas college council by NDP
education minister Eileen Dailly,
said he was very outspoken in
criticizing Dailly for the Universities Act she brought before the
"But I don't think there were
ever any repercussions against me
for my criticisms," he added.
Daem said he did not intend his
resignation as a protest, but added: "I guess you can interpret it
as a protest/'
"I never intended it to be a
banner-waving protest. But I can't
represent McGeer because I don't
See page 2: LOCAL
BoG meeting opens
minus an audience
It was billed as an 'open' board meeting, and that's exactly what it was
— full of open space.
The Thursday afternoon meeting, which lasted for a bare 1-1/2 hours,
was composed of empty chairs, a near empty agenda and a cold, drafty
Some 12 board members, two people presenting briefs and 10 observers
showed up. Dr. Bundolo's Pandemonium Medicine Show apparently stole
the noon hour crowds.
The first brief to be submitted was referred to the management committee because the spokesman, Len Rhodes of the UBC electrical shop,
failed to show.
His brief was to discuss the use of the Thunderbird winter sports centre
for skating on Sunday nights.
A board member observed that Rhodes was probably "out skating."
The second brief, submitted by Peggy Bloom of the federation proposal
committee, was tabled to enable further consultation between the
committee and other concerned residents.
The committee is a group of University Endowment Lands residents
who want to establish a federation to act as a liaison between the UEL
residents and the board.
Asked about the general reaction the group has received, Bloom said,
"various groups and individuals feel some kind of a group should be
formed to promote and maintain contact with the board of governors."
A written brief will be submitted to another board meeting in the
Law student Bill McLeod submitted the third brief on behalf of the
University Credit Union.
The brief called for larger and more prominent space on campus for the
credit union's operation.
The credit union office currently consists of one small room tucked in
the back of one of the huts in the Instructional Media Centre.
McLeod also appealed to the board to allow the university to join the
credit union.
The credit union was organized in the fall of 1974. It is a non-profit cooperative with $130,000 in assets.
Asked what sort of space he had in mind, McLeod replied: "something
in the or,der of two rooms in a secure location. Anything would be an
McLeod was also asked if he had approached the Alma Mater Society
for space in SUB.
"SUB would be the ideal location, but there is some difficulty with
allocation, remodelling and funds," he said.
Board chairman Thomas Dohm, recommended to McLeod that he give
more thought to an exact location.
A verbal brief was submitted by Johan DeRooy, an unclassified
student, concerning the "growth and expansion ethic of the UBC community."
DeRooy said that with a "2.3 to 5.7 per cent growth rate of students on
campus, the university will be at its capacity in 1979-80."
The maximum student enrolment of UBC is 27,500, according to administration president Doug Kenny.
"There is a growing sense of isolation on campus," DeRooy said.
"Physical and intellectual contact is becoming too distant."
Kenny said he shares DeRooy's anxiety. "Your thoughts have been
expressed before. The reason the 27,500 capacity was set was to alert the
government and other institutions that there must be other alternatives
for post-secondary education in this province.
"We at UBC have made a serious effort to encourage the development
of community colleges around the province," he said.
SOFT AND SMOOTH SEEGER plays mellow tune for crowd packed into ballroom at concert Thursday
night. Man who means folk music delighted audience of kids, young and old. Pete Seeger interview and more
pictures will be featured in next week's Page Friday.
Plumptre and JMcGeer clash on salary Issue
Will increases in teachers' salaries, including those of university professors,
be forced to stay within the 10 per cent limit
imposed by the federal government's wage
Beryl Plumptre, vice-chairwoman of the
federal anti-inflation review board, says
they won't.
Education minister Pat McGeer says they
On Jan. 2, McGeer said "salaries for all
teachers and faculty in schools, colleges and
universities will come under the federal
wage guidelines" and "recent teacher ar
bitration awards in the area of 12.5 per cent
appear to exceed the guidelines."
He asked all school boards affected by
these awards "to see that payrolls are adjusted in accordance with the federal
In other words, the school boards would
have to roll back wages to cut out increases
the teachers had already been granted.
But Plumptre said in a speech Monday
that teachers' salaries "won't necessarily
be held to 10 per cent."
And Bill Broadley, B.C. Teachers
Federation president, said he thinks the
contracts teachers have negotiated are
within the federal guidelines.
"The spirt of the guidelines was taken into
account during negotiations," Broadley said
"The settlements agreed on averaged out
to 12.5 per cent. One was nine per cent and
another was 14 per cent," he said.
Broadley said the differences resulted
because different districts each work out
their own contract.
Broadley said if the B.C. government
decides to accept the federal guidelines, the
federal board will rule on whether the
teachers' salary increases are within the
"They may even be lower than the federal
anti-inflation board would allow," Broadley
"If they don't accept the guidelines, but
decide to make their own regulations, which
is an alternative the provincial government
has, they will have to make their own
legislation to enforce controls and roll back
McGeer's executive assistant Jim Bennett
refused Thursday to speculate on McGeer's
plans to roll back teachers' salaries.
"The school boards will pay the amount
(of the salaries) as arbitrated," he said.
"I think what the minister is trying to do is
set up some sort of inflation fighting policy."
McGeer was unavailable for comment
Thursday. iwviy,   juiiuuiy     i \jt     17/u
Students have GVRD votes
says AMS legal report
Students living in UBC
residences are most likely eligible
to vote in Greater Vancouver
Regional District elections, according to a legal report released
Alma Mater Society president
Jake van der Kamp said Thursday
the report was "a lawyer's
opinion" and "has yet to be
The report was submitted by
Swinton and Company after the
AMS commissioned the legal firm
to determine "whether or not
students who are resident at UBC
have the right to vote for their
directors and those who represent
them at the GVRD."
The GVRD representative is the
only elected position in the
University Endowment Lands.
"It would appear that students
who meet the residency test as set
out in section 33 (of the Municipal
Act) will be entitled to vote at the
election of its (GVRD) directors,"
the report said.
Section 33 of that act sets out the
criteria for passing the "residency
test." Examples listed in the
report included:
o"Residence is the place in
which habitation is fixed and to
which, whenever that person is
absent, he has the intention of
o "Temporary absence from
home does not result in loss of
o "Leaving a municipality with
the intention of making a new
abode a residence results in loss of
residence in the first municipality.
o"A change of residence may
only be made by the act of removal
joined with the intention to remain
in another place, there can only be
one residence and a residence
cannot be lost before another is
The report also said resident
students "were included in past
elections and others were not "
"Also, in the election in
November of this year (1975) some
students filed an application for
registration and were included in
the list of electors pursuant to the
procedures set out in Sec. 772 (a) of
the act."
"That allows persons whose
name is not on the last certified list
of electors of the regional district
to vote if he files such an application in the form prescribed in
Section 38."
Section 38 outlines the standard
requirements for  the  casting  of
'Local college power
Social Credit target'
From page 1
agree with him philosophically,"
he added.
And Daem predicted that the
firings are indicative of a Socred
desire to centralize power in the
education system.
"I think you're going to see,
contrary to the election campaign,
a more centralized education
system," he said.
Daem said he thinks McGeer,
deputy education minister Walter
Hardwick and premier Bill Bennett will try to centralize power in
the universities and give far less
local autonomy to community
"The present government is a
" little more adept at manipulating
local autonomy than the previous
government," he added.
"Walter Hardwick is probably
going to centralize power through
his office and that of Andy Soles
(associate deputy minister in
charge of post-secondary
Daem said he thinks McGeer
may even attempt to set up one
body, such as UBC, to control other
campuses through a single board
of directors, similar to the
arrangement of universities in
"I think there will be an attempt
to emphasize UBC as the major
educational institution in B.C.,"
Daem said.
McGeer, during the June, 1974
legislative debate on the
Universities Act, said: "There is
no reason why the university of
B.C; could not collectively achieve
the amazing standard which was
achieved by the state of California
through its public university
"We could become the best in
Canada here in B.C. If we were to
be, the future graduates of our
university would lead the province
of B.C. to new standards of
achievement in the generation to
Daem said he thinks B.C. would
"lose a great deal of individualism
in education if (the government)
set up a monolithic system."
"I think Simon Fraser
University has a role-to play and I
think the University of Victoria has
a role to play," he said.
And Daem said he thinks the
government will work at eroding
the autonomy of community
college councils.
"In the past college council
members have been appointed by
the government, under the
structure of the college council, as
representatives of the community," he said.
He said the role of community
colleges should be to provide
"continuing education, recurrent
education, lifelong education," to
fill the needs of the community,
and it is part of the college council's role to assess community
But, he added, if the provincial
government attempts to cut costs
by rationalizing the courses offered at colleges, many worthwhile
programs might be cut.
"If someone asked me to justify
certain programs on a balance
sheet, I don't think I could do that,"
he said, adding that the rationale
for certain programs comes from
their desirability within a particular community.
"If people in Victoria attempt to
do that, provide cost-benefit
analysis of programs, they'll lose
local autonomy," he said.
Daem was first appointed to the
Douglas college council in 1973. He
was vice-chairman in 1974, and has
chaired the council for the past
He said he plans to seek election
to the SFU board of governors as a
representative of alumni.
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These include being a Canadian
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The GVRD is a regional council
composed of representatives from
some 15 Lower Mainland
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i n t
U  B  Y  S 5  t  T
Page 3
Potpourri pour out platforms
Don't be alarmed by all those
campaign posters appearing
around campus showing different
faces but saying the same things.
Actually there are a wide variety
of types running for student representation to UBC's board of
governors. There are two gears,
two recycled Alma Mater Society
hacks, two Young Socialists, a 32-
year-old chemistry Ph.D. candidate and one commerce student.
On Thursday, gear Basil Peters
said he is running as an independent but would like to see
fellow gear Rick Murray reelected. He denied they are in
Peters said he represents middle
of the road student opinion.
"If you are politcally extreme,
as some of the candidates are, I
don't think you can represent the
Student Unity candidates Dave
Van Blarcom, current AMS vice-
president, and Daye Theessen,
current AMS treasurer, claim they
are "Progressives."
Van Blarcom said in an interview Thursday he "thinks
small" and wants to humanize the
Van Blarcom cited his desire
that UBC implement a quota
system to raise the ratios of
Canadian and women faculty as an
example of his progressive tendencies.
"I personally want to see the
encouragement of Canadians and
women to join the faculty. We
should be working toward quotas,"
he said.
Theessen said if he is elected he
will have no preconceived notions
of how he will act on the board.
"We are not goal oriented. We're
open to opinions," Theessen said.
But Van Blarcom said he has
definite notions of his role on the
board. "We have to draw the line
between leading and representing.
But we can't be arrogant and say
everything we do is right."
Both agree the board should
conduct more of its business in the
open. Most important board
decisions are made during in-
camera sessions.
"Ninety-five per cent of the work
on the board should be in the
open," Theessen said.
The other candidates are less
insistent on opening up board
meetings to the public. Peters said
more open board meetings is "a
touchy issue. The media or
someone else could blow up issues
out of proportion."
Peters said he does not object to
the current number of in-camera
meetings because the board often
discusses private individuals. But
he said the board should hold more
open listening sessions where
people can present briefs.
The Young Socialist candidates
said they would try to abolish all
secret board meetings and throw
the workings of the board before
the public eye.
Candidate Bonnie Geddes, arts 1,
said: "AD board of governors'
business is the business of the
But Young Socialist candidate
Monica Jones said Thursday
neither she nor Geddes wants to sit
on the board. She said their candidacy is just a way to publicize
their stand on university-related
"None of us particularly want to
be on the board of governors but if
elected we want to bring the issues
to the board."
All the candidates emphasized
the need for better housing for UBC
Van Blarcom said: "The UBC
housing problem is in worse shape
than at any other university in
Theessen and Van Blarcom said
UBC should have a year-round off-
campus housing office, and said a
portion of all university Endowment Land developments
should be set aside for students.
Chemistry student Geoffrey
Webb said Thursday housing is the
most important issue he would
push if elected to the board.
He said the UBC administration
should build more on-campus
housing, and students living away
from home should receive a
housing allowance. They would
apply to the provincial government
for the allowance, he said.
There was also agreement
among candidates that there
should be more student representation on UBC's governing
However, Peters said the
problem is not getting more
student representation but getting
"responsible" students into
existing positions.
"I would prefer keeping people
in present positions — not
necessarily expanding the number.
I think student representation has
really triumphed at UBC," Peters
The Student Unity candidates
claimed they are committed to
finishing the UBC aquatic centre,
which has only received funding
for the first stage of construction.
The Young Socialists claimed
they knew nothing about pool
funding. "I don't know anything
about the pool that is happening in
the front yard there," said Geddes.
Candidates had widely different
ideas about the recent library and
clerical workers strike at UBC.
Van Blarcom said he supported'
the strike and wished "more
students hadn't crossed the picket
He said he would pursue the
Association of University and
College Employees demand that
the    university    abolish    sex
discrimination in staff pay scales
and said he supported most other
union demands.
"I think anyone with egalitarian
feelings would not have differed
(with the demands)," Van Blarcom said.
But Theessen said he crossed the
picket lines because students were
a third party in the labor dispute.
Geddes said the Young Socialists
were active in supporting the
strike and helped walk picket lines.
Webb said: "I don't know
exactly what the (AUCE) demands
SPEED FREAKS gaze intently Thursday at latest electronic gizmo
that eats your quarters and in return allows up to eight people to
stand   around   it  and   pretend  they   are   big  time race car drivers.
—doug field photo
Machine, located in SUB basement near pool tables, comes complete
with accelerators, brakes, steering wheels (definite asset) and realistic
sounds of screeching brakes and collisions.
'B.C. progressive in chiidren's rights'
British Columbia is
"progressive" in the area of
children's rights, a U.S. human
development professor said
Gunnar Dybwad, a professor of
human development at Brandeis
University,  spoke  in  IRC  2  on
children's rights, child welfare and
mental retardation.
Quoting from the United Nations
declaration on the rights of
children, Dybwad said, "mankind
owes to children the best it has to
Children's rights in B.C. took a
step forward with the release in
March, 1975, of the Berger com
mission report on family and
children's laws, he said.
He said rights outlined in the
report include:
• the right to live in an environment free from physical
abuse, degradation and exploitation;
o the right to be consulted in
decisions related to guardianship,
Pit forks out facts for questioners
Students doing reports on the
operation of the Pit will be handed
a press release in the future
because inquisitive students have
disrupted the Pit's operations. .
Pit manager Tor Svanoe said
Thursday he has asked the SUB
management committee to draw
up a report detailing Pit operations
so that students will stop asking
him and Pit staffers for information.
Ellen Paul, SUB management
committee chairwoman, said
Thursday the press release will
"outline  for   students   writing
McKenzie gets support
At a special general meeting
Thursday, about 50 members of the
Association of University and
College Employees voted
unanimously to use union funds to
financially support suspended
library stack attendant Ian
MacKenzie in taking his case to
McKenzie said arbitration will
cost about $1,000 with the cost split
50-50 between the UBC administration and the union.
MacKenzie, who is also president
of AUCE, refused to perform a task
he claims wasn't part of his duties.
On Jan. 6, MacKenzie, along with
shop steward Neil Bennett, refused
to move a bookshelf because the
two believed the job is under physical plant's jurisdiction.
The next day they were
suspended without warning.
MacKenzie's decision to take his
case to arbitration came after
losing grievance hearings with his
supervisor, department head and
finally the university labor
The administration and AUCE
have agreed to ask Helen Rodney,
a University of Victoria reference
librarian and Dick Byrd, a Vancouver lawyer, to arbitrate the
dispute. '
papers the present operation of the
She said the press release will
give standardized answers to
questions commonly asked on Pit
operations and will be on a written
form which can be passed out on
Svanoe asked that the release be
drawn up because the Pit was
being flooded by "mainly commerce students" writing papers on
business operations, Paul said.
"Students look for businesses on
campus to study and of course
choose the Pit," she said.
"Students often pick times when
we're very busy," said Svanoe.
"I don't want to give answers to
their questions too quickly. I want
to consider each one carefully, yet
at the same time I don't want to
give them the cold shoulder," he
Pit employee Dan Green said the
researchers often want to know
"the social aspects of the clientele."
custody and determination of
0 the right to seek independent
adult counselling and legal
assistance in relation to decisions
stated above;
» the right to be informed of all
the rights of children and to have
them applied and enforced.
"In our constitution the
provincial legislature is supreme
in matters of child welfare. The
legislature cannot be directed by
the courts to spend sums of money
in a certain manner.
"The role of the courts is to interpret and apply the laws made by
the legislature," Dybwad said,
quoting from the commission
Dybwad said he thought the
courts would be unable to uphold
the laws while the funding is in the
hands of the legislature.
"I do not quite see how the courts
could apply a law when the
legislature fails to appropriate
moneys for the very activities it
has mandated," said Dybwad.
Dybwad said children's rights
are universal but adjustment
should be made to accommodate
the handicapped. He also said
there is prejudice against the
handicapped in our society.
"Prejudice is a defensive
weapon used by the strong person
against those who are unlike him,
particularly those representing
human frailty and deficiency. It
does not look at the whole man, it
picks on whatever characteristically makes him different." i n c
U  B Y i-b  t  Y
Friday, January 16,  1976
Hang in once more gang
By this time, the last thing most
people want to think about is
another election and all the issues
that go with it.
After the provincial election and
the votes down under in Australia
before Christmas, democracy is —
dare we say it? — getting a bit
But bear with us for a moment,
for this is another election editorial.
UBC (or UJjyssey) style.
The matter at hand is electing
students to sit on this university's
senate and board of governors. These
two bodies are the alleged power on
campus with the ultimate duty to
make academic and financial
decisions for UBC.
Students elect two people to the
board plus 17 members to senate. As
years have passed, the number of
student reps has increased to the
point where a co-ordinated block of
student politicians can play an
important role in the UBC
decision-making progress.
This isn't a philosophical pipe
dream anymore. It's a fact. Students
are sitting on various committees
(still not the elusive tenure and
promotion bodies mind you) which
make recommendations to either the
board or senate leading finally to the
actions you read about after the fact
in The Ubyssey.
This year the board and senate
elections take on new importance.
The new Alma Mater Society
constitution which students okayed
in the fall calls for a restructured
student council composed of the
board and senate reps plus elected
officials from the undergraduate
That means when you vote for
your favorite board or senate type
you're also electing many of the men
and  women  who'll  be running the
• student society next year.
Those are the people who, by
using the assorted committee
systems under the new constitution,
will be drawing up next year's AMS
From observing the operation of
both the board and senate, it
becomes clear that little is
accomplished      in     the     regularly
scheduled meeting. The real work is
done behind the scenes in
committees and for the student
input to be successful it means a lot
of time and effort.
In evaluating the positions of the
various candidates, students might
keep in mind their backgrounds. At
the board and senate level experience
is important for student
representation to be effective.
This election editorial is a bit
earlier than usual but for a good
reason. As witnessed by the
overwhelmingly small turnout at the
board of governor's "open" meeting
Thursday (see page 1), there appears
to be little interest in the
aforementioned body.
So we figured we'd get the ball
rolling early this year. Hang in there
for just one more election, huh?
~"lhe "^vovdeipQV^
I believe the Rec UBC is being
dismantled next year. If it is, good.
If it isn't, it should be. Anyone who
has used the university's
recreation facilities already knows
that Wreck UBC is a silly and
obnoxious bureaucracy.
I don't need to elaborate upon
that point. My own experience on
Monday night, however, really
shows how absurd the system has
become. Believe it or not, I almost
got busted while doing the circuit
in the main gym.
When I went to do the circuit, I
did as the potentates of the Wreck
bureaucracy ask and took my card
to the cage to get a wrist band. The
cage was closed, however, so I took
my card back to my locker and
went upstairs to do the circuit
When I got there, the man from
the cage was checking wristbands.
He asked me if I had a Wreck card.
I said yes and added that I had
already taken it by the cage. He
told me to bring it around again.
I told him I'd bring it by later,
when I'd finished the circuit. We
argued for a few minutes, but
realizing the futility of trying to
convinced him to wait, I gave up.
On the way downstairs, I (rightly
or wrongly) thought: "I've already
done everything the system asks.
This time the system can bloody
well wait for me."
(My decision was also influenced
by   the   intangible   degree   of
arrogance and antagonism in the
checker's attitude.)
Anyway, I went back and started
the circuit. Three-quarters of the
way through my first round, the
man from the cage came around
the corner and belligerently accosted me with: "What's the
matter, are you deaf?" I meekly
replied "yes" and continued on.
Then he asked me if I wanted him
to call the cops. I said, "sure, go
ahead," thinking there was no way
anyone would go to that length to
stop someone from doing the
You can imagine my
amazement, then, when I later saw
an RCMP officer coming up the
aisle to see me. I couldn't believe
it. Any system that charges money
to use simple exercise facilities is
undeniably absurd.
But a system that allows an
employee to call the RCMP (not
the quasi-cops whom we all know
have nothing better to do anyway)
to stop a person who is using those
facilities has gone beyond absurdity into the range of insanity.
As I said before, Wreck UBC has
got to go.
One last thought boggles the
mind: If I hadn't been able to show
the officer that I actually did have
a Wreck card, would he have
arrested me for ripping off the
circuit's exercise facilities?
Doug Harvey
commerce 4
Deja vu
At times I become very resentful
of the attitude you display in The
Ubyssey. I feel that, as the 'official
student newspaper' you are representing my attitude, and that of the
other students on this campus.
With derogatory remarks like
artsy fartsy profs, pimply-faced
red jackets, and the university's
new 'wading pool,' I feel that you
are incorrectly depicting the attitude of a large number of
students who attend this university.
Are you that hard up that you
have to show us a picture of a 'leaf
suck job'machine (in a fall issue)?
Many other readers have written
to you, admonishing your style of
reporting, yet, you still regurgitate
statements like: ". . .young red
jackets,.however, will soon move
out   into   the   real   world   where
similar products (referring to
paper airplanes) will earn them
large salaries keeping capitalism
on the move" (Jan. 13, page one).
The majority of UBC students
are not Revolutionary Marxists.
How much criticism does it require
for you to realize that we want a
slight change in the color of our
. In the editorial section of
Ubyssey's Jan. 13 issue, you state
that newspapers "must take
stands and provide an informed
opinion." However, you not only
state your 'informed opinion,' after
your opinion you make the decision
on your behalf, and explicitly
command us to vote NDP and to
support AUCE. Your values and
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments,
228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Gary Coull
"Gee whillikers," exclaimed Gary "Captain Canuck" Coull to his
faithful sidekick Marcus the Three-Man. Chris "Hulk" Gainor slammed
Mark Buckshon to the floor with a powerful blow. As Buckshon secretly
crawled to the Back Room, the Inferior Five, Doug "Autocrat" Rushton,
Sue "San" Vohanka, Paisley Woodward, Heather Walker and Susan
Alexander had successfully eluded the Super Six of Bob Tsai, Ted Collins,
Stan Hyde, John Sprague, Phil Smith and Bob Rayfield. Meanwhile, Nancy
"Super" Southam escaped the nefarious clutches of Dave "the Wilkinson"
Sword. But Anne "the Wallflower" Wallace felled him with a karate chop.
Eric Ivan "the Terrible" Berg betrayed his dastardly desperadoes, Doug
Field, Peter Cummings, Robert "the Robt" Diotte, Greg "the Strong
Man," who had just slipped past Hawaii Five-O, Matt "the King Pin," and
Sue Borys. Brian "the Gibbard," Gregg Thompson, Jean Randall, David
Morton and Mark Lepitre struggled to hold onto their secret identities as
Ubyssey hacks. But the cops were on their trails anyhow.
judgments are not omniscient. You
treat us like a herd of cattle.
Maybe you are a cattleman, but, in
my opinion you are at a
vegetarian's picnic. Thank you for
allowing me to share my views.
David Harder
arts 3
Attack 4
Most students decided to cross
the AUCE picket line when they
saw that The Ubyssey was urging
them to support the strikers.
Past   performance   has   shown
that any group that has the support
of The Ubyssey has to be wrong.
Jim Dunham
arts 3
We'd like to refer both the
preceding letter writers to the
reply written to a similar letter in
Thursday's paper and if that
doesn't satisfy you drop back into
The Ubyssey office for a chat.
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter or
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241-K. Friday, January 16, 1976
Page 5
Four days
that shook
Part one of this article, produced by
the McGill Daily, student newspaper of
McGill University in Montreal, detailed
the early history of the university as well
as the events that led up to the four day
strike by McGill University maintenance
The chronicle of how the union
organized   within   its   own   ranks   and
organized student support is a lesson for
both the UBC union that recently struck
this university [Association of University
and College Employees] and UBC
students — most of whom consciously
ignored the strike.
Both strikes were the first in both
universities' histories.
This is the second of three parts.
An important factor in the workers'
decision to strike was their close contact
with the Movement Progressiste Italo-
Quebecois. This Italian community
organization, working with Italian immigrants, successfully led a movement to
oppose excess church tax in their community a year earlier. Consequently,
several of the Italian workers at McGill, as
members of MPIQ, entered the struggle
organized to get what they wanted.
Throughout the bargaining period, MPIQ
workers agitated — spoke to their fellow
workers, exposed the roots of the gross
inadequacies at the work-place and encouraged them to take a firm stand in the
upcoming meetings. Thus, when the union
leadership presented the first contract
proposal to the union, rank-and-file sentiment was overwhelmingly against what
was clearly a sell-out contract and they sent
the union leaders back to the negotiation
Anger spreads
During the meeting, an anger spread
among the workers as they saw for themselves that the only way they would get a
just settlement was to push for it.
Inequalities and inadequacies within the
union bureaucracy were bared, but the
workers decided to deal with McGill and the
new contract first. Accordingly, the push
was for the union to better represent rank-
and-file interests.
There were three meetings after the
initial one. Each time the workers rejected
the paltry concessions offered by the administration and stiffened their own
demands in a drive to gain parity with their
counterparts in the Francophone universities.
On Sept. 30 the negotiating team brought
to the workers what McGill deemed its
"final offer." In a secret ballot, 80 per cent
of the workers voted to reject the offer and
instead gave their negotiating team the
mandate to call a strike whenever they felt
McGill would no longer negotiate in good
The situation was becoming critical for
the administration. An effective strike
coming, as this one would, at the beginning
of the semester would have dire consequences. Not only would university activities be disrupted, thus threatening an
entire semester, but also, the potential for
adverse publicity and the possibility of
student mobilization in support of the
workers couldn't help but bring to mind the
disruptions of the student movement in the
late '60s and the tender state of McGiU's
relations with the larger Quebec community.
Thus, faced with the rising worker
militancy,   the   McGill   administration
resorted to a number of traditional
management tactics. When informed of the
union vote the administration immediately
demanded a change in conciliators and
further negotiations. Graced with a little
more time, they embarked upon a program
of coercion designed to break the unity
developing among the workers and get them
to accept a new administration offer.
Early in October a letter was sent to every
service employee stating that McGill had in
fact put forth an offer equal to what service
employees in other universities already
had; a statement that was patently false. In
the letter the administration urged the
employees to accept the offer at the
following union meeting. Also during this
period, supervisors had meetings with
select groups of workers in which they urged
them to give in to McGill and avoid the
"unpleasantness of a strike."
At the same time, they began to make
moves designed to isolate the workers in the
event that a strike did occur. On Oct. 12 vice-
principal Stanley Frost issued a memo
urging staff to ignore picket lines and
maintain a "business as usual" posture if a
strike did materialize. Several days later,
on the night before the strike, McGill personnel director Paul Mathews stressed that
the "difficulties" were only between Local
298 and the McGill management.
These divide-and-conquer tactics represented basic policy for the administration.
Although the maintenance workers,
cafeteria workers, maids and porters all
belong to the same local, each sector has
been forced in the past to negotiate a
separate contract. The contract expiration
dates were staggered so that the administration faced only small groups of
workers at any one time.
Admin tactics
By imposing particular settlements on
small groups of workers, the administration
was in a much stronger position to impose
the same settlement on the other groups of
workers whose contracts came up for
negotiation later. This tactic was brought
into play particularly over the question of a
new sick leave program that other workers
had already been forced to accept, but one to
which the maintenance workers were
vehemently opposed.
The administration also scheduled contracts in such a way that they come up for
renewal during the summer months when
the effect of a strike on the institution is
McGill handled its hiring practice in a
similar fashion. Since 1966, when Local 298
was accredited, the administration stepped
up its hiring of non-union corps commissionaires to replace men in formerly
unionized porter's jobs.  (The corps com
missionaires are retired war veterans,
rehired under a special federal program.)
This policy has resulted in a jump from five
to 50 in the number of corps commissionaires — a blatant attempt at union
The hiring of these men, who are paid the
minimum wage, during the summer months
to replace laid off winter workers also
serves to disqualify the workers from the
vacation benefits of being hired year-round.
In other areas, the administration does not
hire workers to replace those on vacation;
rather, the extra work is shared out among
those still present and the vacationing
workers are given extra loads when they
Threat looms
Meanwhile, as the threat of strike loomed
closer, McGill was making a last effort to
keep its 'no strike' record clean.
The administration partially gave in on
several major points, adding two more
holidays and promising to return two-thirds
of the accumulated sick-leave fund. This
fund, ostensibly organized to support
workers in case of illness, was collected
through mandatory deductions from the
worker's take-home pay. Switching to
another program, the administration at first
completely liquidated this fund, which
clearly belonged to the workers. At this late
date though, the concessions were viewed as
"too little, too late."
A final union meeting had been called for
Sunday morning, Oct. 14, At the close of the
week there was some question as to what
effect the combined tactics of the administration's bullying as well as its new
offer would have on the workers. That
morning saw a jammed union hall with
more than 200 workers attending. The
negotiating team recommended an immediate strike terming the administration's
attitude as "arrogant."
If any doubt had existed earlier it was
soon cast aside as Arnie Gohier warned the
workers that it was their last chance to get a
fair deal. His support of the more militant
workers' position was important; helping to
win over hesitant workers and isolate the
reactionary union bureaucracy. After a
half-hour tirade against the administration,
Gohier was cheered on by the workers. The
day to day agitation by the militant workers
had paid off and the strike was on.
The initial work to develop student support for the impending struggle, work that
was to mobilize thousands of students to
boycott classes in support of the workers,
took place well before the strike began. Two
months before the strike, in August,
representatives of MPIQ met with members
of the Movement Revolutiohnaire des
Etudiants du Quebec to discuss what work
could be undertaken to build a student front
in solidarity with the workers. They formed
a committee and decided that in the event of
a strike, a broad-based support committee
would be organized.
A natural division of labor occurred when
MPIQ concentrated its efforts among the
maintenance workers, while MREQ concentrated its activities among the students.
A media campaign was launched to inform
the student body of the workers' grievances.
Articles appeared in the McGill Daily, the
school newspaper, and The Partisan, organ
of MREQ A pamphlet entitled We Don't
Want to be Cheap Labor Anymore was
prepared for distribution when the strike
became imminent.
On Thursday Oct. 11, with the strike
looming (the workers had served the official
10-day strike notice expiring the next
Monday), the first broad-based student
meeting took place. During the meeting two
principles were drafted as the minimum
basis of unity of the newly formed McGill
Strike Support Committee — support for the
struggle of the maintenance workers and
acceptance of workers leadership.
The committee established in September
was ratified as the steering committee and
delegated the responsibility of maintaining
contact with the workers and over seeing
organizational unity and discipline. A
concerted effort was made to develop
contact with the Montreal community press.
Plans finalized
On Friday, Oct: 12, the pamphlets (We Don't
Want To Be Cheap Labor Anymore) and a
letter from the Union entitled A call for
Solidarity were distributed and on Sunday,
70 students attended the MSSC meeting to
finalize plans for the first day of the strike.
Throughout the strike the MSSC met
nightly, reviewing the day's events,
evaluating and criticizing its effectiveness,
its relations with the workers and future
tactical considerations.
Initially some uncertainty existed as to
what the overall strategy of student support
should be. After discussion with student
leaders at U de M who had led a strike over
admissions and fees policy the previous
winter, it was decided to call for a complete
shutdown of the university.
This strategy was important for two
reasons. First, it would directly effect the
function of the institution, specifically by
reinforcing the effect of the workers'
walkout. Second, it would hasten
polarization on campus, an important
criteria for shutting down the school. It was
felt that although many students might find
such a demand unreasonable at the outset of
the strike, progressive students would
understand the need for such a tactic,
support it and inspire less progressive
students. Page 6
Friday, January 16,  1976
W/iV   N£\flJ PkUL&S    As t,ie L'krary nas 9r°vvn over the past few years, it's
*   " Is '      *■*<-'-'    become harder and  harder for people to find the
books they want. Part of the problem is the size of the U.B.C. Library
system . . . it's bound to be a bit bewildering. Another aggravation is that some
borrowers have gotten sloppy . . . even irresponsible . . . hanging onto things
longer than they're supposed to. Because overdue fines have been so low, too
many people have been forgetting or ignoring due dates. And the different loan
periods for different groups of borrowers have added confusion and resentment
to the mounting frustration. Some perfectly virtuous Library users have felt taken
advantage of; we've had lots of complaints. Finally we've devised a new set of
loan regulations (they'll be in force for a one-year trial period, at least) to make
things more fair and more efficient. We expect everyone will benefit.
N&N LOr\Sl PetzioDS
All undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty members will have
the same borrowing privileges. The following loan periods will apply:
Home Use Materials
2 weeks —from the Main Stacks, Asian Studies, Crane, Ecology, Fine Arts, Law,
MacMillan, Math, Music, Social Work, Woodward.
1 week — from the Curriculum Laboratory, Government Publications, Sedgewick.
Bound Serials & 'Restricted Use' Materials
1 week — from the Main Stacks, Asian Studies, Ecology, MacMillan, Math, Social
Work, Woodward.  (Unbound serials: 3 days)
1 day — from Sedgewick. (Unbound serials: 1 day)
Overnight— from the Curriculum Laboratory. (Unbound serials: overnight)
Library Use Only— in Fine Arts, Law, Music. (Unbound serials: Library Use Only)
Reserve Materials
2 hours, 1 day, 2 days, 3 days ... as marked in each item.
Extended Loans
Borrowers may request longer loan periods on specific items. You can apply for
an extended loan when signing materials out or any time afterward. Applications
will be approved whenever the items in question are not in high demand. Extended loans have definite due dates and should not be kept overdue. Also, they
will be called in earlier if another borrower requests the material.
The following will apply equally to all borrowers:
Home Use Materials, Serials, & 'Restricted Use' Materials
$1.00 per day up to a maximum of $25.00 per item will be charged on overdue materials requested by another borrower. If
there has been no request, overdue materials will not be subject to fines.
Reserve Materials
$1.00 per hour up to $5.00 per day, with a maximum of $25.00 per item, will be charged on overdue reserve materials
requested by another borrower.
Extended Loans
Extended loans kept overdue are subject to the same fines as other overdues, if they are requested by another borrower.
When materials on extended loan are called in early for another borrower, seven days — without penalty — will be allowed
for return. The seventh day will be considered the new due date and if materials are not returned by then, fines will be
charged as above.
If materials requested by another borrower are still not returned by the time the maximum penalty has accrued, a bill for
$25.00 per item will be issued, and the offender's borrowing privileges will be suspended. The suspension will remain in
effect until the material is returned. Replacement bills will be issued if items are lost.
Any borrower who wishes to discuss an overdue or replacement bill should speak to the staff member in charge of overdues
in the Library branch or division which issued the bill. The staff member is empowered to cancel bills when an error has been
made. If the borrower isn't satisfied with the discussion and wishes to appeal the decision, she or he should submit a written
appeal to the head of the branch or division involved (appeal forms are available). If no Library error is found, the division
head will forward the appeal to the Appeals Committee. The Appeals Committee, made up of two students, two faculty
members, and one Library staff member, is appointed by the Senate Library Committee. Appellants will receive written
notification of the Committee's decisions.
Only one call-in notice will be sent when overdue materials are requested by others. All borrowers should realize that by the
time a notice is received, penalties will already have accrued. IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO NOTE THE DUE DATE STAMPED
YoWRe RespoMsteue., notto^hb usr&ry, but to '*^i*f&V *"**'• .' -.J'V.K.,
n7~&f vfatftiSW+W^fAtscM
■■t popculturepopculturepopculturepopculturepopculturt
Rocking on through the ages
Rock music and its audience
have developed a complex
relationship that thrives on each
other. The rock star and his music
amplify current trends in social
behavior with dramatic stage
In the '50s teens discovered a
middle ground between childhood
and the world of adults. Their need
to be distinguished resulted in a
whole new trend of fads, including
ponytails, jeans and hair oils. You
were either one of the crowd or you
vegetated in the house on Saturday
When any item with the label
Teen started to sell, a new market
opened up. The traumas of teenage
love were dramatically warbled by
young men clean enough to be
brought home to mother, but with
the sex appeal to keep girls
moaning to their music. In the case
of Elvis Presley, mothers joined
their daughters to listen to
Heartbreak Hotel and Love Me
The male species liked the
romantic ballads from a more
advantageous point of view. What
could be nicer than sitting in your
father's car with your girl listening
to A Teenager's Romance (Rick
In 1955, the movie Rebel Without
a Cause was released with
profound effects. Anti-hero James
Dean became a teen idol and the
traditional tensions between kids
and their parents became a
realization. The meaingless bip-
pity-bop songs appeared apathetic
to a generation faced with social
Bob Dylan emerged as
spokesman for the youth of the
'60s. His lyrics were poems set to a
mellower kind of music, and his
image followed suit. Donavon,
Joan Baez and Peter, Paul and
Mary were all from this similar
conscience-raising background.
Their image gave rise to the
social protesters with one difference; they were not imitators of
a passing fad, but followers of a
belief in something better than
what they saw around them.
Britain at this time had found a<
valuable export in the Beatles. Not
only was their anti-establishment
music good to countless North
Americans, but their long hair and
"I  don't  give a  damn"  facade
created a mass of fans waiting to
express their own rebellion.
The Beatles became leaders of
pop culture. When they changed so
did   the   thousands   of   their
followers. Long hair, flashy clothes
were symbols of a new freedom;
one that condemned values but not
violently. From the gentle
relaxation of Strawberry Fields
Forever, the tragedy of Eleanor
Rigby, and the drug fantasy in
Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, a
special dimension was added to the
mythology of youth.
Amidst all the cultural change,
the sexual image of the music star
has still survived. In the early '60s
the Rolling Stones appeared with
the hit Satisfaction. Their openness
about sex and drugs caused an
uproar among disapproving
parents, but-it reflected to a large
extent relaxtion of traditional
sexual taboos. The song Let's
Spend the Night Together ran into
censorship problems with the line
"To spend one night with you,"
later changed to "some time with
Mick Jagger led the way in
confusing basic sexual
stereotypes. Lithe and masculine
he affected feminine mannerisms
both on stage and off. The Stones'
energy has placed them in the
forefront of the music scene. Their
sexual freedom is a far cry from
the quasi-naivete of the early '60s
and the '50s.
Effeminate looks defined success for David Bowie. His admitted
bisexuality resulted in stage
displays of the bizzare that
overpowered his audiences more
than his music did. The Gay world
was recognized while the macho-
male stereotype evaporated. No
more crooning over Leader of the
Male domination of the rock
scene has dwindled over the years.
Initially women were described as
either fickle bithces or starry eyed
idiots according to the whim of the
male writer. The frenzied performances of Janis Joplin, Grace
Slic and Tina Turner generated a
new light on feminine roles. A
woman could be as wistful as Joni
Mitchell or as loud and raunchy as
Suzi Quatro without being a human
Fanny and Isis and LaBelle rock
with as hard an edge to their sound
as any male group, while Karen
Carpenter has replaced Bobby
Vmton as sentimental crooner.
So much of the cultural
revolution is reflected through
rock stars, but whether they
constitute the change or simply
emphasize it is sometimes difficult
to determine.
Take, for instance, the growth of
psychedelic or acid rock. Acid
Rock itself aims to tease the mind
* * "fr^eR « Bo]rJ&*"6fto«L
0«*   +I.i5
tJow©eM3D  fep* ii** - 2 PM  	
TUTORS - Make a few friends and
a few dollars.
Register with the UBC TUTORIAL
CENTRE Speak-Easy, SUB. Fee $1.
228-4557. 12:30 - 2:30 Monday to
A programme of the UBC Alumni Association
with distorted images and twisted
effects usually achieved by great
amounts of volume blasted at the
ear. Far from reproducing the acid
trip, it gave the listener a
headache, but made a lot of money
for such groups as the Jefferson
Airplane and the Grateful Dead.
Nevertheless, LSD in the '60s was
everywhere, and societal
pressures inducing kids to belong
created a massive swarm of acid
The dope culture also introduced
one of the most anarchic of the
underground bands, Frank Zappa
and the Mothers of Invention. As
creative freaks, they liberally
spiced their music with humorous
nonsense about the follies of
everyday life. Nothing was sacred
to Zappa, and, with the arrival of
Cheech and Chong, youth
developed a humor definitely its
own. The camp jokes on sex and
drugs were something only those
who were involved could enjoy.
When talking about rock images,
you cannot avoid the so-called
teenybopper groups. As the 70s
came into view, there was an
apparent subdivision among teens.
Kids started growing up faster and
needed their own stars to follow.
Into the world came bubble gum
music and such unforgettables as
Bobby Sherman, the Osmonds, and
half a dozen other fresh-faced,
sparkly-toothed young men,
reminiscent- of the '50s. As
wholesome as peanut butter, they
made their money, and soon
retired to home life to reminisce
about their 13-year-old fans,
relinquishing their titles to another
younger star.
What was once teen music has
now become a mass commodity.
The 15 year old of the '50s is now
the 35-year-old of the '70s who still
enjoys modern rock. With the
revival of graffiti music via the
Beach Boys and the now popular
Bay City Rollers, not to mention
those who have survived the years,
such as Dylan, Clapton, etc., the
It's RD Body Process.
A professional product
from RK that
helps weak, limp
hair shape up
to the latest
3644 WEST
4th AVE.
innumerable musicians and one-hit
successes, the stage has become
somewhat overcrowded. And if you
can't compete musically with the
best, the next solution is to arouse
The use of gimmicks has solved
the problem for some groups. You
can hang yourself in front of
thousands while singing about
dead babies or adorn yourself with
a thousand one sequins and smash
a few guitars into the amplifiers.
This can give a kind of trademark
to a band. Emerson, Lake and
Palmer caused quite a sensation
with their flying grand piano (done
with wires of course) while Elton
John favors his jewelled eyeglasses (with his money you'd
think he'd get contacts). Admittedly they have talent, but a
small investment in an image can
undoubtedly Be worth its weight in
Every musician has an image. It
can't be helped. As soon as they
establish a reputation they are
classified as mellow, heavy, a good
showman or a bore. Off stage Cat
Stevens may be the rowdiest beer
guzzler in the country, but his
music shows a quiet, mild-
mannered man.
Images of the audience are a
direct influence of what they see
and hear. A combination of glitter
and pop has resulted in disco rock,
music with enough beat to dance to
without developing into a frantic
shake. Out of this was born the
Hustle, a timely rhythm of steps.
Disco tries to portray a certain
kind of sophistication where people
can dress in the flashy clothes
usually reserved for rock concerts,
and appear at a sparkly club
especially designed to entertain
them at a modest price.
Yet there is still another extreme. A new life style has been
taken up by many of the younger
generation whose feelings have
reverted from the noise of the city
to a quieter life, whether it be
religious, a craving for the forest
or simply a general retreat. Music
has become mellower: a pleasant,
easy-to-listen-to harmony. This
change has resulted in the
comeback of acoustic instruments,
guitar, fiddle and harp, as opposed
to synthesizers and reverberators,
which are popular. Members of the
Bahai' faith seals and Croft have
found an immense popularity in
their low-keyed music. Country-
rock band, Goose Creek Symphony, suffers no hick reputation.
Foot-stompin' music has definitely
returned from the barndancing
The U.B.C. Musical Theatre Society
Invites all U.B.C. students to
for a Review to be presented
during Open House Mar. 5, 6 & 7
Auditions:   11 - 3 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 18
in SUB Auditorium
Page Friday, 2
Friday, January 16,  1976 popculturepopculturepopculturepopculturepopculture
Comic capers catching on
Comix collecting, like other manias, is
an unreasonable quest and not logically
defendable. It is a disease usually contracted in adolescence, though not so
fleeting as acne. Once you have caught it
you must tread warily. That comix rack in
the corner grocery, creaking with feigned
naivete, becomes a seducer and a thief,
tempting you from food and reason. When
your roommate returns home and begins a
frenzied search for the milk money he has
hidden you will be in a corner gloating over
Spiderman, unaware of hunger or pain.
There are enough titles on the racks
nowadays for any sincere prodigal to
squander his inheritance.
When I speak of comix, of course, I speak
of superheroes, those agile and intrepid men
and women who leap about the roof-tops in
their lohgjohns, swatting villains and
rescuing the innocent. Comix are
melodrama at its most engaging.
Comix took their inspiration from the pulp
magazine fiction of the thirties and forties.
Superman is believed to have been inspired
by an advertisement for Doc Savage, a pulp
hero of the day. Savage was revived briefly
by Marvel in his own comic, but his stint was
There seems to be a trend nowadays of
looking backwards. The first advent of
Superman in Action Comics No. 1, June,
1938, has been reprinted, ads and all, in a
deluxe giant-sized edition selling for a buck.
The same has been done for other
superheroes, notably those in the DC lineup. Comix that no one under forty ever saw
in the original have been reborn. And the
grey eminences of the industry have begun
to research among the pulps.
One genre of pulp fiction that has been
rediscovered is sword and sorcery. This is
largely due to the popularity of Conan, the
barbarous, mighty-thewed creation of
Robert E. Howard. Marvel gave him a
magazine and assigned Barry Smith to
illustrate him, and the result was a legend
among comix.
Barry Smith is the best of the comix
illustrators, his drawings textured and
cinematic, reminiscent of ancient cities and
legends of splendor. His style was perfectly
adapted to Conan, just as this half-naked
barbarian with his exploits in the mythical
Hyborean Age was perfectly translatable to
visual form. Smith, unfortunately, has
moved on to other things and no longer
draws Conan. But the standards that he set
in those early mags is still inciting his
successors to award-winning excellence.
Other entries into the sword and sorcery
boom are Warlord and Beowulf from DC,
and Red Sonja from Marvel. Red Sonja is a
direct offshoot from Conan. It has its
moments, but lacks the vivacity of the
original. Warlord shows some promise, but
its scripts don't match up to its artwork. The
best of the three is Beowulf.
DC bills Beowulf as the first of the sword
and sorcery heroes. This is difficult to argue
with. He is a different type of hero than
Conan, a point in the comic's favour. The
scripts of those I have seen have been
splendid, quest tales featuring mythic
beasts and a highly original rendering of the
monster Grendel. Next to Conan, it is the S &
S mag worth watching.
Now, by a natural progression, we come to
Howard the Duck. Pardon me, you ask, but I
thought you were talking about superheroes.
Indeed, I was, and who but Howard has
twice saved the city of Cleveland from
horrible fates? No one but this inimitable
fowl, the bird of the seventies.
Howard the Duck is perhaps the most
inspired entry into comicdom since. Peter
Parker (Spiderman) got bitten by a spider.
It is surely the strangest. The comic is
published under the Marvel logo, and the
story title for the firsUissue is "Howard the
BarBarian" — a sword and sorcery epic, no
less. In it Howard, dressed in fur loincloth
and horned helmet, tangles with Pro-Rata,
the mad financial wizard who aspires to
becoming the chief accountant of the
universe and collecting the "cosmic
The wizard is thwarted, of course, and in
the process Howard gets off some of the best
one-liners ever uttered by a bird.
Howard is everyman's hero. He is lost
without a stogie. He has a soft spot for dogs.
He worries about slurs against his maturity.
And finally, though he is the peaceful sort,
when his back is to the wall, he's brave. He
saves Spiderman's life, and helps to keep
the world safe for man and fowl.
There are comix being hawked at all kinds
of prices these days; from twenty-five cents
for the standard model, to the two dollar
Superman vs. Spiderman super-special
being put out by Marvel and DC
cooperatively, to the thousand-plus dollars
for Action Comics No. 1. Howard the Duck
goes for a quarter. It might be worth your
Art collected
FRAZETTA ... Conan rides serpent
This dynamic art is almost as realistic as
it is fantastic. It's a wild menagerie of the
phantasmagorical — the stuff of nightmare
and wonderstruck fantasy comes slithering
full blown right at your eyes. Gigantic
warriors loom out of the din of battle to clash
with a herculean savage and muscular
barbarian. Both broadsword and battle axes
seem to thirst to rim slimy with blood.
The Fantastic Art of Frank Frazetta
Peacock Press/Bantam Books
New York 1975 $5.95
30 color plates
Suddenly sabre-toothed tigers, dinosaur
lizard leviathans and scaly "Swamp-
Things" arise from the artist's imagination
to attack terrified but erotically muscular
young women. Such is the vibrant quality of
life and the sensational subject matter of
The Fantastic Art of Frank Frazetta. This
art book encompasses the most colorful and
Canada's superman skyrocketing
The first legitimate Canadian comic book
since World War Two has finally hit the
stands as part of the continuing blossoming
of our own culture. Despite the uniformly
poor scripting and art, "Captain Canuck"
has sold out its first three issues in Canada
and dealers in the United States report they
cannot get enough copies to cope with the
Published by Comely Comix and produced
entirely by Richard Comely, "Captain
Canuck" succeeds in perpetuating the myth
that Canada is nothing but a frozen Arctic
wasteland inhabited almost solely by polar
The first issue features a banal invasion
story (by Communists yet!) and such inspired dialogue as "The sub-zero climate is
unnoticed when these electro-thermic units
are on. . ." The comic ends with the
commies death and defeat and Captain
Canuck's observation "God was helping
us." Holy W. A. C. Bennett!
Nevertheless, the book is a smashing
financial success (a sell-out) while much
worthier comics such as Marvel's Silver
Surfer and D.C.'s Shadow die because of
poor sales and reader indifference.
The explanation for this would seem to lie
in the present nature of comic collecting.
The popularity of this hobby has
skyrocketed as have the prices of back
issues. Virtually every premiere issue of a
new comic is snapped up in the hope that one
CANUCK ... local talent
day it can be resold later for a substantial
profit. In addition, the fact that this is a
Canadian comic and was not expected to
last more than two issues has caused comic
fanatics, particularly in the states, to jump
at the chance of stockpiling what could
become a very rare item.
Unfortunately, for most prospective
comic dealers this technique often back-'
fires. An excellent example is the case of
"Shazam!" Number one which was sold out
within three days. The market became so
glutted with dealers trying to resell it for a
hugh profit that it is now worthless and
usually given away with a minimum order
of other comics.
The comic companies have become aware
of this practice and exploit it fully.
"Remember this is a collector's item" the
inside cover of Captain Canuck not so subtly
states. Hence Marvel and D.C. have both
issued oversized and overpriced "Limited
Collector's Edition."
To give credit where it is due, Comely uses
the photo-cartoon combination technique
extremely well. This involves the pasting of
coming characters like Captain Canuck on
real-life backgrounds. Also the color and
clarity of inking and printing in the book is
excellent. However, these factors alone do
not constitute a great comic book and
whether Captain Canuck will continue to
prosper from Winnipeg once the initial
novelty wears off remains to be seen.
brilliant collection now in print of that
famous comicbook artist's graphic work.
In the shop lexicon of the old comicbook
and paperback book inkers and artists of his
heyday, Frank Frazetta was a king of
comicbooks, and one of the most talented
comicbook artists.
Frazetta's many published credits speak
loudly for themselves; as a graduate of the
Brooklyn Academy of Fine Arts he was the
prize pupil of the classic Italian realist
Michael Falanga and at the incredibly
young age of 16, (in 1944), this prodigy began
to panel in cartoons for many important
comicbook publishing mills of the day.
Frazetta has done everything from
comicbook staples like "funny-animal"
strips, westerns, "creepies," S/F, and the
He graduated from his now famous "Buck
Rogers" comicbook series of the early '50s
to large circulation newspaper strips.
Frazetta then spent nine years drawing
"L'il Abner" and making it a comix strip
institution. Frazetta moved into the highly
paid field of freelance work and did odd
magazine jobs which included the famous
Playboy mag heroine of heroic proportions
"L'il Annie Fannie."
Frazetta really started to hit his full stride
by the middle of the '60s, creating distinctive paperback covers. His style of art
became so popular, in fact, that many
readers bought the books right off the
drugstore magazine racks because of
Frazetta's fantastic cover art!
The tremendous natural talent of Frank
Frazetta was disciplined and blossomed into
its distinctive dynamism and sheer realistic
magnificence by the pressurized grind of the
comicbook deadlines of the syndicated
strips. His heavily muscled superheroes
became an industry standard upon which
many other artists modelled their own
comicbook heroes. Today, the striking individuality of his vibrant compositions
always manage to direct the eye to the most
emotive and important elements of his
Hauntingly gothic yet startlingly realistic
these glossy covers have inspired a huge run
of poster reprints sold in bookstores and in
the second hand dens of comix addicts all
across the country. Essentially, The Fantastic Art of Frank Frazetta is an interesting and well chosen selection of lush
color and powerfully illustrated fantasia. It
is most definitely a collector's must item
and a handsomely bound tribute to one of the
greatest comicbook and book cover artists
of all time.
Friday, January 16, 1976
Page Friday, 3 popculturepopculturepopcultun
Get Your Rocks Off
It was expecting miracles from
my pet rock. The book said it could
do any number of mind boggling
tricks with a little training and
patience. I spent two hours on
Christmas morning teaching it to
sit up, fetch a stick, and, attack my
little sister. The beast failed to
perform as well as I wanted.
"I've been had," I said to my
family, who were looking on at me
incredulously. "Santa's ripped me
At that instant, somewhere deep
in California, an unidentified
thirty-eight year old businessman
laughed into a puff of smoke from
his expensive cigar. He was
content with his Christmas, even if
I wasn't with mine. Three weeks
before, he had become a
millionaire for being the brains
behind the Pet Rock craze.
He sold his rocks for $3.95 each,
and made a profit of $.95 on each
purchase. In the month before
Christmas, stores across the North
American continent sold an
averageof 100,000 Pet Rocks a day.
The idea, apparently originated
one night in a bar while this man
was boozing it up with a few
buddies. The next day, regardless
of the headaches, he was on the
phone. Thirty-six tons of pebbles
from a beach in Mexico were soon
to become household pets.
What are they you ask? Quite
simple. You see them everyday.
Everywhere you go. They are
rocks approximately the size of a
golfball. They are packaged neatly
in a cardboard box, which can also
be used as a carrying case. They
are nestled warmly in a bed of
straw. With the purchase, a
manual on the care of the Pet Rock
is included. It shows you how to
adapt the rock to its new
surroundings, how to house break
it, and various tricks of general
Anyone who spent this Christmas
in North America has heard of
them though few people have
actually seen them. It seems
whenever a department store
received a shipment in, they sold
out immediately. Why?
Distributors say that the country
was ripe for another fad. Like the
hoola-hoop the Pet Rock captures
people's imaginations and satisfies
the need for something different.
Humorous and outrageous, the
rock as a pet became the answer as
a gift for those hard to buy for on
the Christmas list.
Now, three weeks after
Christmas, the Pet Rock craze
continues. For. one dollar the
Oregon department of Geology and
Minerals will trace a Pet Rock's
family tree. What kind of parentage did it have? It's tree is
available for the fee.
Pinball ecstasy
The pin-ball world is a surreal
world of machine made excitement. Just as one can get involved with the metaphysical
quirks and mind games designed
by the likes of the great cartoonist
Dali and other persons, one can get
involved with the twentieth century schizoids, man's favorite
dilemma, the game of man versus
machine. The goal is simple: to
beat the machine.
With the advent of pin-ball
machines, the everyday, run-of-the
mill, Joe-on-the-corner person is
able to plug his imagination into
the great battle of present day
mankind, and even if he loses, the
only loss is the mere pittance of
some minor pieces of his trade
currency surplus. As well as being
simple, the game is relevant and
nearly riskless: an ideal combination for most contemporary
intellectual and cultural dilletantes
in our modern society.
The history of this game is as old
as the history of industrialization
itself. The original idea has been
attributed to Mary Shelly who
heralded the whole world's
cultural awareness of the struggle
against the machine in her famous
novel, Dr. Frankenstein.
However, the first spark of
technological wizardry that
allowed the invention of the pinball machine was by an obscure
English gentleman-physicist who
discovered the use of a slanted
board as a diversion' for his
children to watch rocks roll down
in their spare time. Apparently, he
was blinded permanently in the left
eye, when one of his five children
decided to see what would happen
were the rock thrown up the ramp.
Ironically, the game that symbolizes man's struggle against the
machine had a very touching and
human beginning.
Regardless of its cultural
heritage, pin-ball is even more
colourful today. Painted in the best
of garish pastels and other sublime
shades, a battery of fresh from the
factory games is a perfect match
for  any  blank  amusement  hall
wall. Crowds will gather around
people who are playing admirably
well on the hardest machine in the
joint and a true community sense
of involvement can be cultivated
around a pin-ball machine. The
possibilities for pin-ball are mind
boggling. It has even been
suggested to wage international
wars with them, following the
model of cordial competition
though on a much more serious
A funeral company in the States
now handles rock funerals. They
offer the most peaceful rock bed
plots, with your choice of Rock
Music. No cremations please. I
wonder if this is more PR (that's
public relations, not Pet Rock)
from the ingenious brain behind
the whole affair. Money . . .
This year mood rings were yet
another favourite gift suggestion.
The mood ring is a large glass
stone set in 14k metal which
changes colour with the temperature. They are affected by the
heat of the fingers, but sometimes
react misleadingly to temperatures in the surrounding environment. They can even change
colours by rubbing the stone on a
shirt sleeve for a few minutes.
The colours run through a
spectrum ranging from black, on
the coldest extreme, to tan, yellow,
green, blue-green, light blue, and
dark blue. To each colour is
assigned a mood and a relationship
to the wearer's inner-most feelings
at the time of chromatic
metamorphosis. If the ring is
black, for instance, the wearer is in
a state of stress. He or she is
warned to exercise control and
caution in all decisions. As the
spectrum broadens, the better
shape the wearer enjoys.
Mood rings, though, have been
around for quite awhile. Their
sudden popularity this Christmas
can be attributed to a generous ad
campaign by the two companies
that put out the rings. Obviously
the ring manufacturers, like the
ingenious inventor of the Pet Rock,
predicted something in this year's
buying habits of North Americans.
The mood ring retailed for $5.00.
If not for the success of the Pet
Rock, the mood ring would have
been this year's biggest gimmick.
The gimmick, if you missed the
preceding discussion, is the only
gift for the person who has absolutely everything and expects
WORKSHOP 1     -
Four    one-hour    sessions    on
developing more efficient methods
of study.
Eight    one-hour    sessions    to
improve the preparation of essays.
A workshop to explore attitudes
and feelings towards ourselves and
These free programs are designed to help students
develop skills. All workshops commence the week of
January 26. Sign up NOW since limited enrollment is
The Office of The Student Services
Ponderosa Annex "F"
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Friday & Saturday 11 a.m. to 3 a.m. - Sunday 4 p.m. to 1 a.m.
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Mon. to Fri. 11:30 a.m.-10 p.m.
Fri.-Sat. 11:30 a.m.-11  p.m.
Sun. 5:00-10 p.m.
Open 7 days a week.
The Playhouse Theatre Centre of B.C.
presents   a new play by Sharon Pollock
•Preview Saturday January 17 at 8:00 p.m.
Runs January 20 - 31
at the
For tickets call: 254-9578
proudly presents:
(You're bound to be caught in one)
&12* Fri./Sat.-7:00/9:30
& AMS Card
Fire Scenes
R. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
12:15, 2:25, 4:50,
7:10. 9:35
Why is
everyone after
George Segals
12:20, 2:15, 4:10,
6:05. 8, 10
MATURE: Frequent"
Violent Scenes
—R. McDonald. B.C. Director
12:15, 2, 4, 5:50,
7:45, 9:45
Madeline    Marty
Kahn     Feldman
GENERAL — Parents
Occasional Coarse
R. McDonald, B.C. Director
Mat. Sat.
Sun. — 2 P.M.
7:30, 9:30
ONE OF THE YEARS 10 BEST - Vincent Canby, N.Y. Times
Crude Language
—R. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
7:30, 9:30
2243730 V
4375 W. 10th
Paae Fridav. 4
Friday, January  16,  1976 PF presents Eric Ivan Berg, this week in
a discussion about the art and the retail
of comic books with Ken Witcher and Ron
Norton, proprietors of the Comix Shop.
Page Friday: How long, Ken, has your
store been open selling comics et al here on
Fourth Avenue?
Witcher r It's been slightly more than a
year and a half, opened June 1, '74. *
PF: What about yourself, Ron, and your
rather extensive comic collection? I mean,
you're from the States.
Norton: Yeah, I grew up in Michigan. I
started collecting comics about 12 years ago
as a kid. I enjoyed reading them and so I've
stuck to it. I have a pretty fair collection but
I had a lot more a couple of years ago when I
sold a bunch of it off.
W: Largely because the store needed the
PF: Did you have that great vintage
Canadiana black and white anthology called
The Great Canadian Comic Book?
N: Yeah, they did a book a couple of years
ago on Canadian comic books.
PF: Vintage ones?
N: Yeah, and we have a bunch of those
comic books around here. Some were
printed right here in Vancouver on Homer
PF: In Vancouver? Well,.I supposed you
know the latest Canadian craze in comics is
> Conan the Barbarian
this Winnipeg-based turkey called Captain
Canuck. Do you fellows know anything
about him?
W: All I've heard is rumors about him
(Richard Comely). He's apparently a
religious Mennonite or something?
- N: A Mormon.
W: Or Mormon, a very Christian guy into
religion who got a grant to do a comic and
did it.
PF: What do you mean a grant for a
comic? An OFY grant?
N: A Canada Council grant.
PF: But we never got to your basic bio
'Ken, where you born?
W: Ontario, born and raised around
Southern Ontario between Montreal and
Toronto, about halfway. In a little town
called Prescott.
PF: When did you first get interested in
- W: When I was first able to look at pictures. Ype, and then I got out of comics
again when I was about 13. I just stopped
collecting comics and gave them all away
which was my first mistake. I just wasn't
into comics then. But I got into model cars,
built them, then went and gave them all
away too. Then I got into records. I sold all
of them, didn't give 'em away but I lost
money. Then I just got back into comics
about seven or eight years ago. I just started
collecting those that I found had good art,
good stories and I've really liked it. So I've
gotten into them again.
PF: How long Ken have you known Ron
here, your partner in crime?
W: Three and a half or so. We met in one
of (he bookstores here in Vancouver looking
for comics. We both had the similar idea for
THE COMIX SHOP but we didn't know how
to go about doing it you see. We were sort of
playing with the idea and the store just
started Happening.
PF: I noticed your shop has branched out
a lot since you started stocking these fiction
S/F paperbacks.
W: We've always had used science fiction
in the store but then we started getting new
S/F in. Then we started getting in posters
and prints and portfolios. It seemed that
comicbooks just are not the hobby of
collecting comicbooks. It's like finding an
artist you like and he does all sorts of
posters and other things like in Playboy and
Mad and Esquire where they do single pages
and such. The true collectors will seek those
out and find those too. It was like trying to
carry all the oddities that have to do with
PF: You've named some of these oddities
but what others do you have?
N: We've got paperbacks, posters, black
and white books, hardbound books. . .
W: We've got Fanzines.
N: Which are magazines which deal with
comic collecting and the whole trip with it.
And they are sometimes devoted to comic
artists. I've noticed a couple out devoted
only to Neal Adams and all the stuff he does.
Like right now he's doing new covers for the
Tarzan books which are just excellent,
excellent drawings. And there are whole
Fanzines issued about Frank Frazetta who
did that book length collection.
PF: So just like rock stars could you say
these famous comicbook artists have fan
cult followers like what's-his-name whom
you were telling me about? The guy who
does that National Lampoon weirdo
"Cheech Wizard?"
N: Yeah, Von Boode.
PF: And he died didn't he?
N: Yeah, last summer. It was an accidental death. He was only 33, almost 34.
PF: Just approaching the peak of his
creative activity and he had invented a
whole mythology in the Lampoon wasn't it
W: Yes, he did the Cheech Wizard's Self-
Made God!
PF: With the nymphs?
W: And other lusty little animals. Lotsa
sex and violence!
PF: The clientele you get in your COMIX
SHOP? What are their general ages? Are
they all just young children or do you think
the traditional comic book audience is
growing up?
N: It's definitely going up! Most of the
people buying comics are between the ages
of 12 and 30.
W: The roughly average age would be
about 19.
PF: Well aside from the regular comic
addicts who come to read your Comic Price
Guide like they were hunting stock futures.
Just how many current titles do you handle
here on your racks and stands monthly?
N: Roughly a hundred and fifty.
W: Yep, Marvel (Comics Group) themselves, I don't know how many now, but they
were at one time turning out 87 different
titles themselves. Either monthly, bimonthly or quarterly!
PF: Marvel is the Crest toothpaste of the
comicbook industry I guess because they
almost cornered the market a couple of
years ago, isn't that so?
W: Yep! They came really close.
N: In fact they're getting closer because
Marvel and D.C. (Detective Comics) are
doing a giant issue combination of
Spiderman & Superman their two best
selling characters from each company
teaming up. They're aiming for a worldwide
market of over two million issues.
PF: Two million? Well we read an awful
lot these days about the cultural nostalgia
kick and craze. Do you think this may
reflect in the sale of comics and young
adults wanting to look back on their lost
childhood?     "
W: Sure. We get a lot of people coming
into the store saying, "Oh wow, I remember
this, jeeze I haven't read this stuff since I
was a kid!" And they keep coming back and
suddenly they're hooked.
N: Yeah, we all have a little nostalgia in
us. I don't think as a craze it's going to be a
real major thing. It peaks every few years.
It seems like back in the '60s there was a big
nostalgia craze when they brought the
Batman TV series out. The camp craze.
N: Which was just after the hoola hoop.
Then there was another big nostalgia craze
about a year or two ago, you know. And
different things like Art Decca will pop up —
odd things like that which further the
nostalgia craze.
W: It seems entertainment is in now and
comicbooks are a very big form of entertainment. Like there seems to be more
<H$e ts
movies coming out now and people are
really getting into seeing movies a lot. It's
just an escape, an anti-reality trip.
PF: This is what I was leading up to.
Historically during depressions like the
Dirty Thirties people flocked to the movies
in record numbers to escape their breadline
blues. Movies have just grossed their best
year yet last year.
W: This is the way I figure comicbooks
are going right now. A lot of people are just
trying to find an escape and they're using
comicbooks as the means.
PF: What about the much ballyhooed sex
and violence in comics today?
W: Sex? Well, mother may not agree but
father sure enjoys it.
PF: What about Underground Comics?
We've talked about "legitimate" comics
like Marvel and D.C. — which are getting
more scantily clad as they go along as
witnessed by the flesh in Conan the Barbarian (Marvel). What about such famous
Underground growlies such as Canajan
Beaver, Zap Comics, Pow?
W: Thrilling Murder, Young Lust!
PF: Young Lust? But there's been a bust?
N: Yes there's been the Georgia Straight
police bust. They spent three years in court
and five thousand dollars and lost on eight of
12 charges of distributing Underground
comics. We don't carry any save for a few of
the "now" artists like at Warren Magazines.
Such as Richard Corbin who did a bunch of
Underground comics and the collectors
want them.
PF: What about the trends in comics like
the increasingly gothic tone, the "creepies"
Weirdwolf, ghouls, horror and Dracula type
bloodsuckers on the stands?
N: They seem to be dying out. About last
year it (horror) started dying out as a trend
after two years of popularity, mostly
because sales had fallen off. It looks like the
newest trend will be funny-animal stories
like Howard the Duck. It's going to be a
whole new thing with all sorts of offshoots by
Marvel and D.C.
PF; Then do you think comics continually
go through these trend cycles?
N: Superheroes do go through cycles,
horror as a trend comes and goes too.
PF: What would you folks like to predict
about future comic trends?
N: The biggest problem comics face now
is inflation. Comics are now 25 cents for 17
pages of story and they're going up to 30
cents as companies are raising their prices.
PF: Hell I remember when they were 10
cents of five pop bottles a throw. Do you
think the comics industry is in danger of
pricing themselves out of the reach of their
major market, the teenagers and young
W: There is a possibility that they could
because the prices are going up and the
thickness of the mags is going down and the
kids know this so they're beginning to
PF: After all this basic hoopla why would
you say comicbooks are still so popular?
W: People are natural collectors. A lot of
people are finding out that many comicbook's resell market value is going up by as
"much as five to 50 per cent a year. It's like
investing in a work of art. It can bring a
profit and it has a tremendous prestige
value and personal sentiment attached to
doing it.
PF: Could you add anything to that?
N: Mostly we've covered that as I think
the entertainment aspect and the art
collector's aspect have gone beyond the
camp. Some of the best comicbooks entertain you totally and make you think a lot,
provoke your imaginations and show you the
possibilities of future worlds. It's
fascinating to a lot of people.
PF: It's an obligatory question I guess but
in your own biased opinions who are the
greatest comicbook superheroes to ever
come out of the mill? Superman I suppose?
W: Superman, Batman and Spiderman
are probably the big three.
PF: And non-super heavies like Conan the
W: Yeah, they seem to have been around
for ever.
PF: Who do you think, Ron, are some of
the great writers and artists to have
emerged as comicbook industry heroes?
N: People like Bernie Wrightson and Neil
Adams are quite a favorite, but he doesn't
do much comics. Just covers now. Same
thing with Frank Frazetta. Other artists like
Frank Brunner and Mike Kluid — they're all
young, from say 24 to 28. They're young
artists who have captured people's
imaginations because they have a
heightened awareness of fantasy and
imagination themselves.
PF: How old is the famous Barry Smith
(Conan the Barbarian)?
N: He's 27, roughly.
PF: What mass contribution do you think
comics have had to Canadian culture.
W: God I hope that's the last question?
N: Well, they contribute a lot artistically
to a culture. You know where a culture is
developed far enough past the stage of basic
survivial such as feeding themselves and
Howard the Duck
housing themselves. Then they can turn
their imaginations out toward other things.
Comics fill quite a creative need. You know
you can even "collect creatively," your
favorite writers and artists and heroes. If
you're so inclined you can create comics
yourself and use that as a means of self
W: I've heard from a few teachers who
come in, you know who teach English from
public school to university; a few of them
have mentioned that they use comicbooks
extensively in their courses just to help the
slower students learn how to read following
the balloon pictures. Apparently this
becoming   more  and   more   widespread.
Friday, January 16, 1976
Page Friday, 5 popcuiturepopculturepopculturepopculturepopculturt
Pulp Heroes Coming Back
Pyramid books have just
initiated a new series entitled
"Weird Heroes" ... "a new
American pulp." Sitting in front of
me, beside "Weird Heroes", is an
old American pulp; "Planet
Stories", of the 1940's. The two
books have a lot in common.
The cover of "Planet Stories" is
very loud, featuring a horde of
Bug-eyed monsters ravishing a
blonde heroine. The closest lob-
steroid, (all of whom are bright red
with lust) is tearing away the
blonde's dress with a slimy pin-
cher, while at the edge of the cover
a standard jock-type, in a metal
bathing-cap and an iron mini-skirt,
has drawn a ray gun to repulse the
The cover the "Weird Heroes" is
not quite so lively; just a shocking
orange background and an ambiguous individual who is part
robot, but wearing the baggy
pants, goggles and scarf of the
archtypal flying Ace.
Ladies and gentlemen, the pulp
hero; the never resting, unbeatable, Avenging Angel of good
and justice for all, has returned.
Long may he flourish!
What's a pulp-hero, some of you
ask? Paper back books have just
recently brought reading material
to the public at large, before that
the pulp-magazine, (so-called
because it was printed on pulpwood
paper) brought fiction to the
masses at a low cost ("Dime
Western", for example was
created in tremendous quantities).
The pulp was the king of pop-
culture. There's no sense in trying
to recall all the different types of
pulp; if you can think of a plot
device there was probably a pulp
for it.
The most memorable of the
pulps and the ones which have left
their mark so unmistakably on
modern pop-culture media such as
comics, television and the movies
were the hero pulps. They offered
unforgettable characters, or at the
very least, unforgettable gimmicks; action, adventure,
mystery, and villians who were
thoroughly rotten and often more
memorable than the heroes they
In the 1930's the old American
pulps gave their readers Sam
Spade, Doc Savage, The Shadow,
Captain Future, and the Lone
Ranger. Tarzan of the Apes, Nick
Carter, Master Detective, G-8 and
his Battle Aces, Operator 5 and a
few villians dastardly enough to
rate their own magazine like Wu
Pop-culture freaks or lovers of
action adventure stories can hunt
old pulps down, at a outrageous
prices that get more outrageous all
the time, or else take advantage of
paperback reprints. A large
amount of what is printed is pulp
revival material, the westerns of
Max Brand or the "Doc Savage"
series, for instance.
Old radio show recordings now#
available, often feature pulp-
Last year, a movie "Doc
Savage; the Man of Bronze"
treated fans to a fairly witty,
tongue-in-cheek treatment of the
old series and a sequel. "The Arch-
Enemy of Evil", is soon to be
released. This is al just nostalgia
and with "Weird Heroes" the hero
has returned to 1976.
It is interesting to note the
changes that have occurred along
the way. Take "Adam Stalker," a
hero created by the old comics pro,
Archie Goodwin.
The "Darkstar League" paid
Adam Stalker's way to become the
little football star of Oklahoma.
When he decides that satisfying the
blood-lust of a million screaming
zombies isn't what he wants to do,
he quickly finds out that the
Darkstar League isn't kind or nice.
He is drafted and while in Viet
Nam, becomes part of a special
CIA-murder squad that blunders
its way into a miniature "My Lai"
massacre. Stalker suddenly finds
that injustice is something nobody
wants to hear about anymore.
His moral outrage leads to him
sharing a tent with a grenade and a
cute message that he should be
One can easily see that the fiends
at work here aren't the nemises
Shadow, underworld kingpins who
did their work by night. -They're
the influential oil-millionaires with
the good of Oklahoma in their
hearts and can easily afford to
have someone eliminated. These
are real super-villians.
Rose is nother of the new pop
heroes, just an old lady who is
coming to terms with her own life
and a friend's death. If you don't
get the connection between her and
writer Clark Savage Jr., then give
some thought to what it must be
like to be old, but still trying to be a
human being in an oldster's haven
like Miami.
Another new here is "Guts". A
time-traveller with greased-back
hair, leather-jacket, and an extensive  knowledge  of  all   the
Platters' big hit singles ends up in
1976, instead of 1956, at the end of
his "Chronos slide." He's trying to
stop an ecological disaster and
"Quest of the Gypsy" is really just
a prologue to a novel, but still
proves to be a baffling SF puzzle
Finally, Greatheart Silver, a full-
fledged Zepplin captain', appears in
a funny and love-prompted lampoon of the old pulp heroes by
Phillip Jose Farmer. Chapter One
reads simply, "The Mad Fokker
struck again," but, besides the
laughs, it features the mostHeadly
villians of all; solitude, old age as
in the end even heroes are
One last characteristic of the
"Weird Heroes" that makes them
Heroes, with a capital H, is their
stress of non-violence even in life
and death situations. The Shadow
of old pulp fame used twin forty-
fives to spit lead-death as he
laughed mirthlessly at the men he
gunned down; another hero of old
fame the Spider, stamped an
ararhnid seal on the foreheads of
the wrong-doers that heeliminated
from society.
TV should have lea/ned from
Byron Preiss, who created the
book concept. Unlike TV's Joe
Mannix or the FBI, it's easy to tell
the real heroes, they don't carry
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556 SEYMOUR STREET       TELEPHONE    682-6144
Page Friday, 6
Friday, January 16,  1976 oddsendsoddsendsoddsendsoddsendsoddsendsoddsen
Breaking down stage
No matter how radical the context or style
of a theatre piece may be, if the traditional
audience/actor relationships are observed,
the piece is fundamentally conservative.
How we contact the audience is ultimately
more significant than what we say.
Our theatre challenges the supposedly
. fixed relationships of audience and performer, plunging itself into the world of
myth, ritual and politics, daring to ransack
the treasury of the unconscious, a theatre
that dares to be alive.
Arthur Sainer has written a personalized
account of the events and direction of
American theatre within the last decade.
The Radical Theatre Notebook is an account
based on the work of the Off Off Broadway
theatre ensemble groups who represent the
vanguard of today's experimental theatre.
The Radical Theatre Notebook
by Arthur Sainer
Avon Books 1975
price $2.65
Sainer is best known as a New York
drama critic, but he has been involved in
several theatre ensembles, the Bridge
' Collective and the Theatre for the New City
and in the production of some experimental
In the Radical Theatre Notebook, Sainer
has attempted to catalogue the groups
within this movement and provide a focus
for their goals.
This new theatre represents a challenge to
traditional theatre. The once accepted
concepts of a proscenium stage, of the
theatre roles and functions of both audience
and performer, the usefulness of a script or
playwright   and   even   the   relevance   of
The new year has brought with it a lot of
1 new ideas and offerings from the various
entertainment centres on  and around
campus. You may be pleasantly surprised to
discover how little these things cost.
D" you don't have a car, and live on or near
campus, don't despair. UBC has a lot to
offer. One thing you might try is taking in a
. concert by musicians from the music
department. The faculty of music offers
pleasant alternatives to Elton John and the
Electric Light Orchestra. Tonight they will
be presenting a faculty recital in the UBC
recital hall at 8 p.m. The recital will feature
the music of Brahms, Mozart, Berg and
Spohr. On Saturday, the faculty presents a
'Vancouver camerata, same time and same
place. This is good entertainment at a good
price— free!
Before the music, you might like to take in
a local art display. Still showing at the Fine
Arts Gallery is L'ArtFrancais, an excellent
display of French paintings. Gallery hours
.are Tuesday through Saturday, 10:30 to 5
p.m., and also free.
Also showing on campus, at the Dorothy
Somerset Studio, is The Picnic, by William
Inge. This production is being put on as a
part of a master's thesis and is a "modern
American classic." Tickets are only $2.00
for students, and are available in Room 207
- Freddy Wood or by phoning 228-2678.
Internationally Trained ^^^m
Hairstylists '-^^mf
Open Tues. - Sat. ^^*
9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.'
4605 W. 10th AVE.
■ ■■
1110 Seymour St.
theatre were questioned by this radical
Sainer has rendered these questions into
three basic ideas and sections in his book,
that characters can be immobile within a
dramatic situation, that a performer can
offer himself rather than the character and
finally that the audience become involved in
the performance.
ween himself and Joseph Chakin, director of
the Open Theatre, regarding the relationship of the actor to the script. Im-
provisational work on stage can give the
actor tremendous latitude in what he may
do and experience, scripted work however
curtails this freedom in order to present a
viable theatre piece.
Spectator participation in theatre pieces
Spectator involvement. . . most important idea.
According to Sainer, the idea that drama
can be immobile "militates" against our
Western idea of progress and invests theatre
with a sense of ritual. Actions that are
repetitive cease to have importance as they
become ritualized. Beckett's Waiting for
Godot and Endgame were among the first
dramas on Broadway to reflect this sense of
ritual in theatre.
In the introduction to the Radical Theatre
Notebook, Sainer reviews a dialogue bet-
presents one of the most intriguing aspects
of this new theatre. In one passage of the
book, Sainer describes some of the amusing
and interesting things that have occurred
when the audience was scripted into a play.
Spectator involvement is one of the most
important ideas in experimental theatre and
intellectually it remains a basis for the
relevance of a play to its audience.
Sainer has devoted the main section of the
book to describing some of the major experimental ensembles, such as the Living
Theatre, the Performance Group, the Open
Theatre, the Bread and Puppet Theatre and
the San Francisco Mime Troupe. Each
chapter deals with one theatre group in
cluding " entire scripts and the group's
diaries for one of their productions.
The work of the Living Theatre for
example, spans nearly two decades, from
the late '50s with the "Connection" to their
activist, street theatre of the '70s.
The chapter on the Open Theatre contains
the Jext to Terminal, their last play and the
height of their collective process of creating
a theatre piece.
The Bread and Puppet Theatre's work
represents a return to the "great old forms"
of puppetry. With giant puppets, or the use
of mimed scenes, this theatre group is attempting to bring theatre back to the people,
capturing the intensity and integrity of the
street in their work.
The last theatre ensemble reviewed by
Sainer is the San Francisco Mime Troupe.
Their work is an attempt to mix politics with
theatrical humor to bring people to an
awareness of a particular situation.
It's absolutely necessary to find a way of
making theatre accessible to those who
presently live their lives without it and who
feel that it has no relevance to their lives.
. . .Necessary to make theatre accessible
to the poor, the middle class laborer, the
elderly, our prisoners and to the children,
who are first learning a way to make their
lives happen.
Arthur Sainer's Radical Theatre
Notebook has not been completely successful in examining the extent and influence of the ensemble in today's theatre.
Some of the chapters of his book are
fragmentary and hard to follow as their
points are lost in rhetoric, or lose their focus
like the divisive and varied groups that
Sainer described. At other times the Radical
Theatre Notebook has moments of clear
insight and great depth, especially in the
moving accounts of the people involved in
experimental theatre.
This book remains one of the few sources
of information about the new directions and
experiments in Western Theatre and is too
important to be ignored.
Moving off campus, the Vancouver
Chamber Choir will present In memoriam:
Igor Stravinsky, a concert conducted by the
famous guest conductor Kazuyoshi
Akiyamaj Akiyama needs no introduction
and with him in charge, there's no doubt it
will be a great concert. This is being held at
Point Grey high school, West 37th Ave. and
East Boulevard, on Friday, Jan. 30 at 8:30
p.m. Tickets are $3.50 for students and
reservations can be made by phoning 732-
On the lighter side of entertainment,
Pacific Cinematheque movie for this week is
the classic Gone With the Wind. This is the
original, filmed in 1939, starring Vivian
Leigh and Clark Gable. When made, it cost
the producers $4 million. Figure out what
that would be now after inflation and you'll
have some idea of how lavish a production it
is. Tickets are only $1.50 and worth every
penny. Show time is Monday, Jan. 19 at 8
p.m., and showing at VECC, 1895 Venables
Street. This is a film not to be missed.
Starting on Monday, Studio 58 will be
presenting a dramatization of the book The
Diary of Anne Frank. With such a powerful
book to work from, the play promises to be
great. The show is playing at VCC Langara
Campus, 100 W. 49th Ave., Monday through
Saturday at 8 p.m. Ticket price is $2.00 and
reservations are being taken at 324-5227.
Low profile guitars
Urucc Cockburn ha« consistent!}
delighted folk music connoisseurs for th«»
past six yeui.s lib tasty and technically
aslminding guitar work is one large reason
for this. While considered a folk artist, his
music seems to be open lo various other
musical influences Blues are especially
evident. If not in the blatant blues songs, if
manilcsis iLsclf in the fast tempo guitar
Joy Will J-ind A Way
by liruce Cockburn
Truv North Records
In hi* newest record. Jo> Will Kind A W;i>.
the bluet> seem lo have left his music almost
entirely. (m the lirst side of thi- album, oven
his guitar is kepi in low prolilc. providing
onl> accompaniment for his vocals
This is .1 disappointment. Cockhurn's
voice tends to become tedious when
overused II must be supplemented with hi-,
gui'ar. instead ot accompanied bv it
However, a song that succeeds particular^ well on this side is Hand Dancing
.In this largely instrumental song, the Ivncs
arc kept to a minimum They consist merelv
of images which, when sung, are then
illllslidteu by luiig and culuiiul guitar in
terludes These lyrical images prepare the
listener tor the following guitar piece, and
succeed in hringmg full appreciation of the
The second side is more eiicmii aging A
ne* musical influence becomes apparent in
the first song. Hum It is an easygoing
Reggae tune with West Indian percussion
instr.Dnents. and large amounts of vocal
backing on the chorus. Hut tins sung is
confusing. The lyrics are inconsistent with
the laid back quality of the music They
c>uira'Uy attack American military inter) erence in foreign countries
The highpnint ol Ihe record is a song entitled A I.iie Stor.v Largelv instrumental,
the Ivncs again consist ot short, one-line
images It begins with an abstract melange
of guitars, kev hoards and percussion. There
is no rhvtlun. hut the piece is highly
imaginative Then a beat is established, and
Cockburn introduces an electric guitar and
a j»/z like tune The sung talks about the life
ol Jesus Christ through conventional
svmhfils like the crifrs ;nid the resurrection.
The i enwrk.iblc power ol the song leaves
the one remain irm soim. Arrows of Light
with a hard act In'lnllow.
While not one of his better albums. Joy
Will Find >\ Wj> has some essential Cockburn material on it lt makes clear the
necessity of his guitar in his music.
Second Instalment Is Due On Or Before
C.U.S.O.   Information   Night
Film—CUSO—Papua New Guinea
Tuesday, January 20, 7:30 p.m.
Rooms 402-404, International House
No admission charge
All welcome
Friday, January 16, 1976
Page Friday, 7 rage   14
U   D   T   O  J>   C   T
rriaay, January  io,   iy/o
Hot flashes
the big U
Students, faculty and staff at
this university have about as much
collective say in the operation and
policies of UBC as Canada does of
the operation and policies of the
Some say this lack of input is
because people don't care.
Some refuse to admit or
concede that defeatist attitude.
So political science prof Phil
Resnick, Alma Mater Society
president Jake van der Kamp and
Ian Mackenzie, president of UBC's
local     of     the    Association    of
University       and       College     fi|Afff|
Employees,      are      forming      a
committee whose goal will be to
democratize UBC.
They are inviting all interesting
students, faculty and staff to meet
noon, Wednesday in Buchanan
Three   painters,  10 a.m. to  5  p.m.,
SUB        Art        Gallery.
Applications    for   summer   trip   to
Guyana,     all      day,      Internationa)
House office.
Party    organization,    noon,    Brock
General  meeting, noon, SUB 216E.
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
General meeting, noon, SUB 224.
Dr. Klaus Riegel on the developing
individual     in    a    changing    world,
noon, Angus 223.
Lecture on modern prophets, noon,
Angus 210.
Ray      Ramsay      —      TPC      record
representative, noon, B studio.
New    training    program    begins,    7
p.m.,  winter sports complex, Gym
W. Heckel on Catullus, P ">887
West Fourteenth.
Brenda Dineen and Monica Jones on
Angola, 8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
Juggling, unicycle and frisbee
workshop, 7 p.m., basement, Place
Vanier common block.
Ad-hoc     committee     on      tuition
increases, noon, SUB 260.
General meeting, noon, SUB 213.
Faculty     organ    recital,     Frederick
Geoghegan,   organist,   noon,  recital
hall, music building.
Practice,    6:30    p.m.,    SUB    party
Practice,    7:30    p.m.,    SUB    party
First   class   of   10-week   beginner's
course, 7:30 p.m., Armories 208.
Discussion   group   on   Tiger's   fang,
noon, SUB 211.
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
JOpp. Liquor.Store and Super Valu)'
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs& Prints
Jokes - G ifts, etc.
Picnic, a play about life in a
small mid-America prairie town,
will be staged on campus at the
Dorothy Somerset studio Jan.
The play, by William Inge, depicts how ail-American stud Hal
Carter disrupts life in the small
town. Tickets are being sold at $2
per student and $3 per adult, and
are available in Freddy Wood 207
or by calling 228-2678.
Yesterday we said UBC's lost
and found was holding their
semi-annual sale of lost and found
articles Wednesday. But we were
the victim of wrong information.
The sale will be held
Wednesday, Jan. 28 at 4:30 p.m.
in SUB 207, which is the same
place where all lost articles can be
claimed any day of the week.
Corporate interests are moving
north, disturbing the previously
untouched wilderness of our
The Sierra Club, a group
supporting wilderness
preservation, will sponsor a public
meeting in the Vancouver
planetarium, 1100 Chestnut, on
Tuesday, Jan. 27 on wilderness
preservation in the north.
Speakers Irving and Rosemary
Fox will discuss the case of the
Spatsizi plateau, which was
recently  made a. provincial park.
People's law
The Vancouver People's Law
School is offering a free course on
the hows and why of will making.
The course, entitled wills and
estates, will cover the form,
purpose and probate of a will, the
Testators Family Maintenance Act
and the role of the executor and
income tax and succession duties.
Classes will be held Jan. 19, 20
and 21, 7:30-9:30 p.m. at
Vancouver Technical School,
2600 East Broadway.
For more information phone
Area Consultants Red Cross Water Safety Service
Several vacancies exist from May 1, 1976 to August 31, 1976.
The Area Consultant is a Red Cross/Royal Life Saving Society Instructor
and Evaluatorof broad aquatic experience. This individual has proven
leadership qualities, is independent, and is able to work without
supervision. Responsibilities include supervising approximately 30 water
safety programs, conducting instructor clinics, and effecting public
education programs.
Salary and benefits comparable to senior aquatic positions in British
Apply detailing qualifications and experience and listing three references
Director,   Water   Safety   Service,   The   Canadian   Red   Cross
Society, 4750 Oak Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6H 2N9.
Applications will be accepted until February 13, 1976.
30 P
What you'll be doing and where you'll •
be doing it five years from now
depends on many things... but if
you'd like to cash in on your team
spirit, and financial services interest
you ... read on.
The Royal Bank operates a
decentralized organization
across Canada and has
operations located in 40
countries throughout the
But the decisions which
affect its people bear a
"Made in Canada" label.
In terms of dollar
resources, it is Canada's
largest bank.
We   like   to think  it's the
We       need       enthusiastic,
qualified   people   to    help
keep it that way.
We offer a 9 month Training Program leading to Branch Administration
and eventual opportunities in a variety of specialized areas, i.e.
Personnel, International Banking, Corporate Finance, etc. Qualifications
include MOBILITY throughout the Province of B.C.
Interested graduates are invited to submit resumes by January 23, 1976
to T. W. (Terry) Kehler, District Employment Officer, 1055 West
Georgia, Vancouver, B.C. Forward through any one of our branches.
Selected students will be advised in writing and requested to arrange
suitable interview appointments through the Campus Placement Office in
anticipation of our on campus visits February 25th and 26th.
An M.F.A. Thesis Production
Directed by Ian Fenwick
8:00 p.m.
Tickets:$3.00        Students: $2.00
Tickets: Room 207—Frederic Wood Theatre
Application for Graduation cards are now being mailed to
students registered in the graduating year of the following degree
programmes: B.A., B.F.A., B.Mus., B.Com., Lie. Acc't., B.Ed.
(Elem.), B.Ed. (Sec), and B.Sc; All students who expect to
graduate this Spring are requested to complete and return both
cards to the Registrar's Office (Mrs. Kent) as soon as possible, but
no later than February 16, 1976. Any student in the graduating
year of these degree programmes who does not receive cards in
the mail should confirm with the Registrar's Office that his/her
local mailing address is correct.
Students in the graduating year of all remaining degree
programmes, except Graduate Studies, may obtain their
"Application for Graduation" cards from their Faculty Offices.
Students on the Graduate Studies programmes may obtain their
Applications from their graduate advisors.
"Application for Graduation" cards are available in the Office of
the Registrar.
PLEASE NOTE: It is the responsibility of the students to apply for their
degrees. The list of candidates for graduation to be presented to the
Faculty and to the Senate for approval of degrees is compiled solely from
these application cards.
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 dey $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $130 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable m
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
Mankind its citizens" Baha'u'llah
informal discussions on the Baha'i
Faith every Tuesday night at 5606
President's Row, Phone 224-7257.
11 — For Sale — Private
ASTRA 10 SPEED BIKE. Good running
order.   $55.  Phone 732-3027.
1970 MAZDA 1200 2-door, 51,000 miles,
clean, snows included. $950 obo-
Phone  Nick, 224-9700.
15 — Found
20 — Housing
LARGE BED-SITTING room — three
blocks from campus. Non-smoking
graduate   preferred.   $90  per  month.
ROOM AND BOARD for students. 2260
Wesbrook  Cres.   224-9665.
35 — Lost
ENGRAVED SILVER LIGHTER, sentimental value. Reward. Phone 873-
1955, Carmel.
65 — Scandals
ful  birthday blessings  before   Beanie
"body"  Broda.
70 — Services
PERMANENT HAIR REMOVAL by electrolysis. Kree Method in my home.
Prices are reasonable. Phone 738-6960.
Joan Calvin.
80 — Tutoring
HYPNOSIS. Learn the art, private or
group. Improve concentration, relaxation, recall, grades. A.I.H. certified.
Phone 438-3860, 8-9:30 a.m., 4:30-6:30.
personalized tapes.
85 — Typing
90 - Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous
40 — Messages
LISTEN    TO    THE    CRY    OF    THE
aborted   children.   Their   cry   is   no.   j
Their   cry is   a  cry  of   terror.   Heed
their  cry. I
50 — Rentals
— blackboards and screens. Free use   ;
of projectors. 228-5021. I
INFORM i n t
U  b  T  5 5  t  T
Page 15
Ice 'Birds in second after Huskies
The Thunderbird hockey team
plays two tough home games
against the last place University of
Saskatchewan Huskies this Friday
and Saturday.
These games could prove to be
_ very important as the 'Birds have
an opportunity to move into second
place if the Alberta Golden Bears
The Bears are in Calgary for two
games with the Dinosaurs. At the
moment the Dinos are four points
ahead of the 'Birds. Therefore, if
' the 'Birds and the Bears win both
of their games the 'Birds will be in
a tie for second.
The 'Birds games should be both
fast and rough. Saskatchewan is in
the cellar with only four points, but
they are a very tough team. Last
weekend they took a game from
league leading Alberta.
The last time the Huskies were at
UBC they lost both games.
However, when the 'Birds were in
Saskatchewan they split the series.
Even though the Huskies are in
last place a team can never expect
an easy win against them. UBC
coach Bob Hindmarch is looking
for two very good games. He said
that the Huskies are one of the
hardest teams to play against.
The 'Birds have 11 more games
after this series. Only four of these
are at home. As only the first two
teams make the playoffs this could
be a crucial factor. Without victories in these games the 'Birds
could fall behind and be in a poor
position to make the playoffs.
The UBC team can not rely on
Alberta to defeat the Dinos though.
Most people, including Hindmarch,
feel that the Dinos are the stronger
of the two and will probably be the
first place team after regular
league play.
It will be up to the 'Birds to make
their own breaks this season and
they can start by taking the
Huskies this weekend. Spectators
can take in the games at Thun
derbird Arena at 8 p.m. Friday and
1:30 p.m. Saturday.
In other hockey action the UBC
JV team takes on the Simon Fraser
Clansmen. The Broncos are in first
place in their league with 31 points
after 27 games. Game time is 3:15
Sunday at Thunderbird Arena.
Wrestling 'Birds
meet Puget Sound U
The UBC wrestling team has a
tough schedule this weekend
against the University of Puget
Sound on Friday and the
University of Washington on
Coach Laycoe does not consider
►the Puget Sound team as tough as
some of the other teams they have
met in the past. However the
Washington team could prove to be
difficult because Bob Laycoe will
be entering seven freshmen out of
the ten wrestlers. This is to give his
new wrestlers some valuable
The UBC team suffers from lack
of experience. Half the team is
made up of freshmen. The loss of
George Richey in the heavyweight
class hasn't helped. Richey has
been out due to a back operation.
The Birds have 18 matches
against American teams. These 18
.teams make up the dual meet. So
far in these matches UBC stands at
three wins and four losses. Laycoe
hopes the team will finish the
season with nine wins and nine
His main concern is for these
matches to prepare the freshmen
'for the West Canada and Canadian
collegiate championships. According to coach Laycoe
everything is geared towards
getting the team in shape for the
Canadian championships.
The Birds have three top
^Canadian wrestlers. Kyle
Raymond, the Canadian champion, has lost four bouts in ten
matches, in the heavyweight
division. Mike Richey leads the
standings with nine wins in 12
bouts. Laycoe moved Richey up a
division from 158 pounds to 167
pounds to give him more competition.
The wrestling team has a man
entered in every weight class.
There promises to be lot of action
this afternoon at the War Memorial
Gym. Matches start at 2 p.m.
Hoop 'Birds hit road
THUNDERBIRDS MEET LAST PLACE Saskatchewan Huskies for two
games this Friday and Saturday. Wins of both games could result in a
league tie with guys in black in this picture —  Calgary Dinosaurs.
The Thunderbird basketball
team has two crucial road games
against the always tough
University of Lethbridge
Pronghorns this Friday and
The 'Birds are in third place, two
points back of Lethbridge and eight
back of the league leaders, Calgary
and Victoria.
The 'Birds can expect a tough
game as the Pronghorns are known
for their strong performances at
home. UBC coach Peter Mullins
needs a good game from centre
Mike McKay and forward Ralph
Turner as rebounding will be
Mullins said he expects that the
team which controls the boards
will probably win the game. He
also said "Height will be an important factor in the game because
we will have to play the boards to
keep Lethbridge from  scoring."
Two wins would put them in third
spot and possibly only four points
out of second as Calgary and
Victoria play each other.
8:00 - 12:30 p.m.
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