UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Dec 7, 1979

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Array ^°"^ ^J^fSHSmmYM
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Special Edition, Page 2 the   ubyssey
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Friday, December 7, 1979 CONTENTS
Merry Christmas
Happy Chaunaka
Cover photo by Ross Burnett
Ubyssey photos by Kevin Finnegan, Peter Menyasz, Geof Wheelwright and
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Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 3 THE UBYSSEY
December 7, 1979
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is
in room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Heather Conn and Tom Hawthorn
Chop, chop, chop, chop. "This is a 30," I could hear someone singing. "This is a 30, my friend."
Chop, chop, chop, chop, I could still hear the sound of the editing, back out there in the jungle.
Chop, chop ... I had to look out the window to make sure where I was I peered through the wire
mesh glass of the room. The Ubyssey again. It had been two weeks and no story. Every minute Erica
Leiren, Janet Comm, Randy Hahn, Terry Asseltme and Gien Sanford sat out there in the jungle they
grew stronger, and every minute I spent here drinking beer I grew weaker. I opened another with my
fingernails, used the blood to mix a red-eye, and stared at a photo of wife Ingred Matson. Chop,
chop, chop, chop.
It was a Mutt-and-Jeff team that get me out. Dante) Moon and Kevin Finnegan frog-marched me
to headquarters after shoving a story list in my face. "We got your orders," they said. The man
behind the desk wasn't giving away any ranks "Chief Tieleman," he said and introduced the others.
"Chief Baldry and Chief Freitag. We would like you lo hear this tape." He switched on the recorder. I
listned while I chewed on a steak they had thoughtfully shoved down my throat. "Verne, what kind
of shampoo do you use? Oh, ;quit putting down Etobicoke . . ." The voice garbled and faded out.
Anothei replaced it. "Fuck off, fuck you, fuck you, fuck off . . ."
The chant went on and on. Tieleman turned to me. "We have reason to believe an editor or
editors under our jurisdiction has or have undergone prejudicial lapse of straightforward thought,"
he said. I remained quiet
Chris G<
hedged. "Dt
the woods1'"
"Relieve trier
ot have you ever been present at the termination or terminations of Ralph Maurer,
Marcus Gee, Greg Strong or Mike Bocking?" he asked. "I have no recollection of
I answered. "Good,, you like like a reporter. How would you like to do a story?" I
have a choice'" he smiled. "Is Maxine Sevack Cathojicr" Does Joan Marklund shit in
He put my name down. "What am I supposed to do about the editors?" I asked,
ot command." I said I didn't understand and he coughed, then smiled. "Edit them,"
; prejudic
"Wh.it the I
"You newsi
reality behui
ton ttghl for
cute pickain
past ,i s.imi
Monika Sch
were c.filed
Nam." Wei
it was on K.
<jinny to be that kind of story No misquoting nor even libelling, but edit them, With ex
lice I wokf! up on a PF boat cutting through the muddy water of the Mekong delta,
eil is this doing in thi; office'" I asked. Skipper Shaffin Shanff looked up from the wheel,
tiers wouldn't understand, but the river is a symbol of seeking the source. You've left
d " He was right   The other three on the boat were Kathryn Thurman, who was strung
Nam, maybe even too tight for PF, Kerry Reiyer, who lived in a world of his own, and
unny Wendy Hunt, jvhu kept singing Something about lack of satisfaction. We swept
)an. knocking Ken Swartz, Gregg Mittag, Paul van Matt, Vic Bonderoff, Sternberg,
midtke and Phil Kueber into the drink   The pooftas laughed while ancient German curses
after us. "They're just another illusion," they told me. "There aren't any heinies in
;nntmued to where Colonel Verne Kilgore's Airhead Cavalry were to meet us  From there
the mouth of the Orson Yee river
The Airhead Cavalry are crazy We found them buzzing and strafing a defenceless darkroom. Jim
Steel, Jim Duggan, Matt King, Curtis Long, Ross Burnett, and token oriental Stuart Dee cowered
under the vicious attack. There was Steve McClure. flying low and spitting beer. Yvette Stachowiak
showered the peasants with pills of a thousand colors. Gene Long and Eros Pavan laid down sweet
smelling smoke screens for the aenal attack. Colonel Verne himself was flfying sideways at break
neck speed, spewing hallucinations. There wasn't an aircraft in sight.
"Don'! look at the camera," came a shout as we landed in what looked like an instant apocalypse.
Glen Schaefer was on the beach, flanked by Brad Stock and Alan Favell. Ron Maki, Mark Timmis,
M. Davies and Dave Francis exploded around him as I turned my back and the shutter clicked. "Staff
picture," he explained. Colonel Verne was already down (due to some bad shit) and he was throwing
cards of blotter on the corpses of Glen Buhr, Elnora Palmer, Sean Cahill and Will Morphy. "They'll
soon know what hit them," he said. "Well, there's no more names to be used around here, so we'll
take you to the river."
Wait a minute, the nvermouth is hot," I said. "Great'" sid Verne. "We can all take a bath. I hear
you got Kathryn on your crew. Some bather, she is " I tried to get his attention. "I've got an assignment," I said. "Fuck assignments," said Verne. "I'd rather watch Thurman take a bath." He handed
around the drugs and we were off. As we took to the air, Kilgore had Yvan Fortin and Daniel
Ouellette continuously scream their names. "Scares the shit out of the Anglos," he chuckled
We came in so low we could see the eyes of Brad Mennie and Judi Smith looking up in horror
from their desks. As we crossed the beach, Verne ordered Kathryn to jump. She refused. "I'll get
you blacklisted from every backstage in town." She jumped. We landed in fierce fighting. Kevin
McGee was bombed almost immediately and Jan Nicol was sent in to pick him up. Then in a scuffle
as Paul Wilson and Baz McConnell tried to get aboard, Nicol was bombed too. Enraged at the use of
such crude drugs, Kilgore ordered in a cocaine strike. Richard Noble and Michael Halfinger hurtled
overhead and the jungle was frozen to a crisp.
At last we were on the river in the PF boat. I went through my briefs, noting as I did that they
needed laundering. The editors I was after had brilliant careers, rising at an incredible rate through
the tanks But somewhere something had gone wrong. The stupidity reports from the friendlies had
them going crazy out in the jungle, starting up their own style and trying to be independent, printing
any damaging or libelous thing that they could find. It looked grim. I looked up from the reports at
the pooftas amusing themselves by pumping bullets into passing John Kulas and Ian Stanwoods.
They thought they were taking me only to city desk. But that was just the beginning of my assignment. The poor bastards. They didn't know they were taking me to the top.
That night was the strangest of the trip. The press club was chaos when we came to it. Three blinding 5 watt bulbs highlighted a stage painted in garish shades of vomit. I found a former business
manager. We all clustered around him. "I want Panama, Red," said Regeir, "No problem," said
Steve Howard. "Can I get an interview?" asked Thurman. "See ya later, kid." I stepped up. "I'm
looking for a typewriter." Howard held his head. "Ah, shit, I been working so hard on the Review.
Do you know how much copy I had to get in for sixteen deadlines ..." I grabbed him by the throat.
"Hey sait, cool it, tell ya what, here's a case of treefrog. No charge. Okay?" I turned away in disgust,
grabbing another case as I did so.
Out on the stage the Airhead Cavalry had dropped a strange collection of entertainers. Famous
punk impresario Stanley Wesby came on to a chorus of fuchyous. "And now," he shouted. "Mate
of the Year 1979!" Cheryl Brown appeared in an abbreviated oatmeal-with-yeliow-tinge three-piece
suit, dancing to the thumping throb of I Want You Tonight. She was soon |oined by Heather Walker
and Julie Wheelwright. The crowd rioted immediately. "Ooohhh noooooooooooo," they cried as
they ran away from the stage. The next day I could tell we were getting close to the city desk. The
roar of chainsaws and the sight of crumpled paper bacame constant sounds and sights.
The we saw it. Burning glue flashed and flared while telephone books landed with deafening and
lethal effect. Gary Brookfield, Nancy Suzuki, Sherry Evans and Peter Ferguson tried to get into the
boat. "Friends," they cried. "Much money, mucho ficky-fick, we from Pacific Press, get you big
contract, yes!" They poured off the shore, swimming to us in desperation. "Get us the fuck out of
here!" I went to shore, seeking the editor. I found someone firing desperately at a voice out in the
darkness. The gunner hauled a phlegmatic form out of the trench. "It's Rory Munro," he shouted. "I
can't find him, can't edit him. Do something!" Geof Wheelwright straightened up and turned off the
racket from CITR. He sharpened a psychedelic-painted pencil. "Don't Panych, Lawrence," he
drawled. A moment later the story had been edited, re-written, scratched and kilted. I grabbed him.
"Do you know where the editor is?" He looked at me, then smiled. "Yes," he said and disappeared. I
went back to the PF boat. "Find the story list?" Hunt asked, not caring. "Ain't no fucking story list
worth looking at here," I said. "Let's go."
We were getting close. Graven images of Shard Mammernick and Carly Skjeliuk could be seen
throught the mango trees. Steve Reilly, Jane Shackell, Bill Romaine, Sheila Burns and Frances
Thompson showered us with paper clips, trying to frighten us away. We came to a silent flotilla of
burn-outs. From one side Marili Moore and Betsy Probyn stared at us. On the other was Scott Griffin
and Ralf Sameit. We passed between and I heard a shout from the shore. Peter Menyasz waved, a
dozen cameras around his neck and as many hats on his head. "Hey come on in," he called. "It's
okay, they're both too whacked out from the printers again. Won't be around until two or later."
He met us as we landed. "Hey, wow, you, like, kinda got, uh, something I can, uh, smoke?" I
gave him one of my last joints of Uncle Ho's Victory Garden Gold. "Oh great, wow," he said, "hey,
you got to get the rap on those two. They're not nuts. They're really okay. 1 checked with their PR
man and I got it all straight, man. They're like, way behind us but way ahead of us, you know? Like,
other people think of fuckin' stories, right, but they're way beyond it, they're into fuckin' vendettas,
can you dig it? Like, why be just a bit of an asshole, why be just difficult when you can be impossible? They're really opened up my mind."
I soon get my chance to check the truth, though such action had been forbidden in my orders
from the story list. Tom Hawthorn stared at something I couldn't see. "I came across a story after
Gee had been through," he said. "The lede, the background, the capper, they'd alt been severed. I
saw with gem-like clarity how I could make a name for myself and get onto the Sun." Heather Conn
chimed in. "It's not madness. I know Christine Wright from Dave Wong. You have to realize that
wrong, too, is defensible." I knew what I had to do. As I sharpened an em ruler, I could hear the
ritual song from the staffers. "This is a 30," they sang. "This is a 30, my friend."
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Special Edition, Page 4
Friday, December 7, 1979 They do it all to youth
illions have passed
beneath the famous
golden arches, seeking fast food salvation.
Those pilgrimages
to the McDonald's
shrine are simple, a matter of routine. A
smile from the young priestesses, cheap
food that's on your tray almost before
money is exchanged and a cheerful farewell
make for an alluring visit. For the
But for the women on the other side of
the counter, working McDonald's is an
endless regimen of painful burns, incredible
pressures and sexual discrimination.
That is the gospel of the McDonald's oligarchy. This is the story of three women
who no longer believe.
*      *      *
Beverly, 19, says she bears the scars of
her two years at McDonald's. Literally.
"Everybody who worked on trench fries,
and that's most of the girls, has a scar," she
says, rolling upher sleeve to reveal a three-
inch puckered white mark. "The managers
say, if you're careful it won't happen.' It is
inevitable, though. You're warned but. . . .
"You know, when they rush you like
they do, you have to get hurt. It's just terrible, r
Beverly considers herself lucky. Many of
her friends at McDonald's have suffered
many more numerous and painful burns.
And she's convinced that the company and
its management places employee safety
somewhere after cost efficiency tests and
selling techniques.
"Everything they do is geared towards
making money efficiently," she says with
uncharacteristic bitterness. "Even if that
means injuries."
Beverly's reason for joining McDonald's
is the same as legions of other young women's. Living at home with her mother and
sister, she soon learned that a gi eater degree
of independence was available by earning a
regular pay cheque.
Lacking references, and unable to find a
part-time job where the hours would not interfere too severely with her high school
classes, Beverly applied and was hired. She
enjoyed the challenges of her new job, but
the romance was short-lived.
"It was so pressured it sometimes made
me apprehensive about going to work.
While walking there, I would think to myself, 'So-and-so got chewed out yeterday,
will I get chewed out today?' "
She says that kind of pressure, coupled
with her school load and the typical problems of adolescence, was much too intense
1. Mm^m •
at** fi
for comfort. And while friendship was
readily available at the store with the other
workers, the pervading atmosphere of competition for favors with management often
made it impossible for close relationships to
The scheduling benefits of working soon
evaporated when Beverly discovered what
she calls unaccountable and senseless meetings she was expected to attend. Adding on
two hours without pay for practice, and
Beverly says she was quickly being lassoed
into a company trap all too successful at
snaring loyal employees.
"I've seen it happen. Many kids were not
encouraged to go.on to higher education.
They were told, 'There's a life for you at
McDonald's.' But there isn't — many managers leave just because they don't like the
pressures and can get much more money
"I think their tactics are disgraceful."
Beverly says she's one of the few former
McDonald's workers she knows who went
on to study at university, alrhough many
first started with the intention of furthering
their education.
As soon as she had saved enough money,
Beverly quit McDonald's to attend UBC —
and soon found she could do a similar job
in a residence cafeteria, for almost one
dollar an hour more.
mcDonald's will continue to make the
massive profits it now
does, Beverly says,
simply because their
system is too ingrained to be beaten.
While some other fast
food outlets, like White Spot, do not actively oppose employee unionization,
McDonald's has a long, successful history
of smashing any attempts by workers to
And for good company reason, Beverly
"Unions would ruin the system. It's a
very good system because you're too young
to retaliate and too concerned about making money."
For Beverly, quiet acceptance of that system financed part of her university education. And, as she says, eventually bought
back her freedom.
"You know, they threatened to fire me a
week and a half after I started. They scared
me to death," says Pat, 19.
"You have a month probation period.
Probation," she says, mulling the word
over in obvious disgust, "that's what you
get when you get out of prison."
The analogy is not lost on her. Pat feels
she was lucky to leave McDonald's when
she did, before it was too late to retrieve
some of the dignity she feels she had before
she started.
"I wasn't proud of working there," Pat
says. "You had to be humiliated to even get
a pair of jeans in those contests.
"If you didn't go along with everything,
they made you feel guilty, like absolute
Pat realizes putting up with conditions at
McDonald's allowed her to get the well-
paying, downtown department store job
she now has.
Sitting in her Vancouver basement apartment, with its soft brown couch, the room
feeling cold as basements always do. Pat's
anxiousness to recount her experiences at
McDonald's is startling. And while her
apartment has all the comforts a single,
middle-class 19 year old can enjoy, Pat is
angry and disturbed at the amount of free
work McDonald's ekes out of_ its
Not wanting to walk home after finishing
work at 1 a.m. or later, Pat would often
find herself doing work.- It was something
almost expected of the women employees.
"You would have to wait for a manager
or crew chief to finish, to drive people
home. And while you're waiting, they'd
always ask you to work. Of course, you
would get no pay."
Pat's friend Margaret also worked at
McDonald's. But she was ambitious, eager
to work her way to a better paying position.
Even though it meant working many'hours
without pay.
"I used to do a lot of free work," says
Margaret, 18. "Your chances are better if
you do those things."
But she soon found that more than free
labor was required for management to take
"There is very definitely discrimination. I
found that when I started to cross that sex
barrier I took a lot of shit."
The sex barrier for women who work at
McDonald's is the grill, a bastion of male
dominance in the system, and an actual
physical division between the sexes.
"They wouldn't let me near a grill when 1
first asked," says Margaret. "They only let
you practise on your own time. But guys
would be taught window (serving) on company time.
"And once after I told a head manager
that I had practised grill on my spare time
and was interested in doing it during a shift,
he said, 'Well, good for you dear,' and patted me on the back."
"After all that I wanted to do it, just to
prove I could do it."
Sexual discrimination, poor wages and a
disregard for safety at McDonald's forced
Margaret and Pat to leave the firm, they
"The pressure was so great and the
demands so much that you could hardly get
off sick, 'cause the managers would make
you feel guilty," says Pat. "Once I was
working in the middle of the rush and had
the flu. With all the rushing and the heat I
just couldn't stand anymore. The crew
chief wouldn't let me sit down because it
was so busy. I went upstairs and passed
Margaret has a similar story — you get
the feeling they all must have them — about
not being allowed to take an early break.
"It was just so. busy that 1 didn't even
have time to grab a break. 1 left my window, threw up and then ran back
downstairs to work. Now, that is sick!"
And right after the stories about being
sick while at work, comes the inevitable
rolling up of sleeves and the unveiling of
well-hidden scars from trench fry holder
They complain of hourly ratings, where
the total amount of sales in an hour are
counted with the object of doing more than
$100 worth of business (those who do so are
given badges to place on their uniforms),
and ratings, where a store is given a grade
for its performance. Needless to say, a poor
grade means plenty of abuse for the
workers, Margaret says.
Management is also very aware of its
employees' birthdays — especially their
eighteenth, when their minimum hourly pay
must be increased. Many raises are given
just before someone has that birthday, as
an encouragement that the company appreciates their efforts.
Yet no matter how often Pat and
Margaret warn their younger friends and
relatives, they still apply to McDonald's. In
a time when money is short, they are an
eager resource to be tapped for fun and
For profit anyways.
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 5 By BILL TIELEMAN
Like an unexpected — and unwanted —
guest at a formal dinner party, the left wing
of the NDP made a surprise appearance at
the social democrats' national convention,
much to the disdain of the NDP leadership.
The formation at the convention of a
strong and articulate left group within a
party rapidly targeting itself for the
political centre of the electorate seemed to
parallel Mark Twain's famous line that the
reports of his death had been greatly exaggerated.
And for the party establishment, which
believed it had resolved internal political
differences when the notorious Waffle wing
was finally buried five years ago, the creation of the left caucus, as it came to be
known, had an effect akin to that of seeing
a ghost.
But if the leadership was surprised that a
call to arms by the left would be directly
answered by more than 10 per cent of the
convention delegates, the left caucus itself
was clearly astonished.
With the NDP closing in on a Liberal
party increasingly seen by the public as
leaderless, lacking policy and powerless
outside Quebec, the left caucus members
expected delegates to toe the establishment
line and quickly adopt positions that would
allow the NDP to pick up the disenchanted
Liberal voters necessary for it to come in
from the political cold.
Instead 150 of the 1,200 delegates met the
night before the Toronto convention began
to discuss how they could force debate on a
resolution which stated that the NDP
should begin developing plans for an "industrial strategy in which public ownership
is the major tool to control the economy for
the people." Left caucus organizers had
been unsure of the response such a meeting
would get, booking a room that could hold
a maximum of 50. But by the time the convention got underway they were forced to
hold meetings in a corner of the massive
Sheraton Centre ballroom to accommodate
all those interested in attending.
Debate later shifted to other topics such
as uranium mining, Quebec's right to self-
determination and the jailing of Jean-
Claude Parrot, president of the Canadian
Union of Postal Workers (CUPW) when
delegates saw that they had a genuine grassroots strength and the ability to influence
the convention without the disruption that
marked the Wattle's era.
And the left caucus also found that it was
not infested by what Waffle leader Mel
Watkins called "the parasitical Trotskyist
sects which gutted the Wattle from within
on their way into the wilderness."
Still, the left caucus wisely kept a low
profile to avoid providing a target for the
party establishment to aim at. Where the
Wattle set up an alternate structure within
the party and attempted, with Jim Laxer's
candidacy in the 1971 federal leadership
campaign, to grasp the levers of NDP
power, the left caucus remained loosely
organized throughout the convention and
declined to directly run candidates for any
party positions.
"It's not that we're trying to take over
the party leadership. We're trying to move
the party in a direction," explained Jim
Turk, one of the left caucus leaders, a
former Ontario NDP president, and an
NDP federal council member.
The fact that the direction was to the left
while voters seem to be moving to the right
was enough to prod the party establishment
to attempt to restrict the left caucus, but
without any unseemly confrontation in
front of the nation's press. The battle over
supporting CUPW became a perfect example of the internal differences.
With Jean-Claude Parrot going to jail the
day the convention began for his part in the
1978 postal strike that was broken by
government legislation, many NDP faithful
assumed that one of the five resolutions
under consideration calling for support for
Parrot and CUPW would reach the floor
for a vote.
But passing such a motion would have
meant a serious rebuke to party leader Ed
Broadbent, who was less than enthusiastic
about supporting CUPW during the strike
or afterwards, and especially to Canadian
Labor Congress (CLC) head Dennis
McDermott, who has openly attacked Parrot and CUPW for their actions. It was
McDermott's antagonism to CUPW that
prompted delegates to the Canadian Union
of Public Employees (CUPE) convention in
October to call for his resignation (although
McDermott incredibly suggested that the
The left-wing off the
NDP re-emerges as a
grassroots movement.
But they soon discover
the rest of the party
might not yet be ready
for them. It's the
battle of the Waffle,
round 2.
tiny Marxist-Leninist group In Struggle was
responsible for the motion through their
manipulation of CUPE delegates) and no
one in the party establishment was eager to
see the CLC boss embarrassed again when
he was responsible for big labor's pledge of
support to the NDP.
The establishment machinery went into
motion and the resolutions committee,
which determines which handful of the
hundreds of resolutions introduced to the
convention by riding associations and
union locals actually reaches the floor for
debate, put the CUPW resolutions low on
the priority list, where it was believed they
would remain undisturbed for the duration
of the convention.
Instead the left caucus geared up for the
challenge and skilfully plotted a strategy
that brought the CUPW question out of
limbo. As delegates came in Saturday after
lunch, session chairman Grant Notley, the
Alberta NDP leader and lone social
democratic MLA in the province, tried to.
get things underway.
But the first person at the floor
microphone was John Rodriguez, the
Nickel Belt MP and party labor critic, who
disrupted the proceedings by announcing
that he was introducing an emergency motion dealing with the jailing of Parrot.
Rodriguez, the most prominent of the
federal MPs active in the left caucus, was
quickly ruled out of order by Notley as tension began to build among the delegates.
Notley's ruling was quickly challenged by
the left caucus' Jim Turk, stationed first in
line at another microphone. Notley was
overruled by the delegates after Turk's
emotional call for the party to rally behind
Parrot and CUPW. Rodriguez was then
allowed to speak to his motion, calling the
jailing of Parrot an attack by the government on public service unions to the strong
applause of delegates. At the next mike was
Ed Ziemba, the Ontario NDP MPP who
was arrested recently on a United
Steelworkers of America picket line at the
Barrie, Ont. Radio Shack plant. Finally
CUPE secretary-treasurer Kealey Cummings spoke, telling delegates there is one
type of justice for RCMP officers and
cabinet ministers who break the law and
another for trade unionists.
When the vote came, a scant 10 minutes
after Rodriguez had started the action, not
a single delegate opposed the resolution,
which said that jailing Parrot "boils down
to the punishing of a union leader for acting
in a legitimate and responsible manner in
defending the interests and welfare of the
members of his union."
The suddenness and ease with which the
left caucus pushed through the resolution
startled the NDP leadership and gave them
cause to re-evaluate the left's strength.
Later in the day, when the left caucus tried
to remove from a resolution on Quebec's
right to self-determination a statement urging Quebecers to remain within confederation, Broadbent was forced to speak against
the move to guarantee its defeat. And to
make sure delegates didn't miss the point of
Broadbent's remarks, party officials ensured that the leader's microphone was
turned up to the maximum level and the
speaking time rule ignored by the chair.
An attempt by the left caucus to have a
resolution calling for a moratorium on new
nuclear power plants amended to include
new uranium mines as well provided the
most dramatic fight of the convention. Lined up against the amendment were the
United Steelworkers of America, obviously
unhappy with any move that could restrict
the employment of miners, the Saskatchewan NDP, counting on uranium to
elevate them to Alberta status among the
provinces, and the party establishment,
eager to avoid embarrassing the only NDP
government in the country as well as big
labor. Supporting it were the British Columbia NDP, which is leading the fight
against uranium mining in the province,
many Ontario riding associations and the
left caucus.
The left caucus action was led by Saskatchewan MLA Peter Prebble, the only NDP
MLA from the province to publicly
challenge premier Allan Blakeney's move to
develop the uranium industry. Prebble said
it was inconsistent to call for a moratorium
prompted by considerations about safety
while continuing to allow potentially hazardous new mines to open. Joining Prebble in
the debate was Regina East MP Simon de
Jong, who said the major corporations involved in the nuclear industry cannot be
trusted to store radioactive wastes that will
"affect   the   next   3,000   generations   of
humankind," and  Evelyn Gigantes, Ontario NDP energy critic.
Ontario MPP Donald MacDonald was
the most vociferous critic of the amendment labelling it politically irresponsible,
presumably because it would affect the electoral success of the Saskatchewan NDP.
"What you are saying to the province of
Saskatchewan is shut the whole thing
(uranium mining) down," he exclaimed, to
scattered cheers from some delegates who
would like nothing better. When the final
vote came after several hours of debate the
amendment was defeated, with 537 against
it and 402 in favor. Watching from the convention floor it was clear that only the mass
bloc voting of the labor delegates was able
to stop the amendment from going
Even the steelworkers proved that they
couldn't be taken for granted when it came
to supporting the party establishment.
When steelworkers district 6 director
Stewart Cooke ran for one of the party's
seven vice-presidential spots a campaign
was launched against him from within the
union and informally supported by the left
caucus. Cooke made himself unpopular last
year when he publicly urged USA local 6500
workers at the Inco operation in Sudbury
not to strike and remained lukewarm until
support began to flow in from across the
country. Local 6500 president Dave Patterson nominated Hamilton steelworker Cec
Taylor so that there were eight candidates
for the seven spots, hoping to bump Cooke
off and make a point to the NDP and labor
leadership. Cooke survived the challenge
with a bare 28 vote majority, showing that
despite the fact that few steelworkers would
openly oppose him, the secret ballot was
another matter.
At the conclusion of the convention the
left caucus dispersed with new ties established across the country and a vow made to
continue fighting for the promotion of
socialist and environmental issues within
the NDP. And they expect to continue gaining support from the grassroots of the party, working on expanding their power base
at the riding association level.
"The left has reorganized," says Toronto alderman Dan Heap, a strong supporter
of the Waffle since its birth 10 years ago
and now a left caucus member. "We made
a little progress. We're as strong as we were
in 1969 and perhaps a little smarter. 1 don't
think we're going to make the same
mistakes as the Waffle." Jim Turk sees the
success of the left caucus at the convention
indicated in its recognition by the party as a
group with the power to influence delegates
on issues the leadership would be happier
avoiding. "They're going to be more
cautious, knowing more controversial motions can come up at the next convention
that we can win," he said.
John Rodriguez summed up the left
caucus position in an interview at the convention's end. "We're not there to polarize.
We're there to mobilize the party to the left,
not keep it in the radical centre. That's
already crowded," he said, referring to ;
Pierre Trudeau's recent statement that the
Liberals are the party of the "radical centre".
"We're at the fork. Down one road are
the Liberals and Conservatives and their
fellow travellers. Down the middle are the
trees. We've got to go down the other road.
We have to take the less travelled road,"
Rodriguez concluded with an impish grin.
The reason for the knowing smile was
Rodriguez' clever reworking of the key
phrase in Ed Broadbent's closing address to j
the delegates. j
Broadbent had quoted a Robert  Frost
poem that ended "... Two roads diverged ;
in the wood, and 1 took the one less travell- I
ed    by,    and    that    has    made   all    the
difference." Rodriguez and others in the ;
left caucus clearly feel that rather than a
different   road,   the   NDP   leadership   is \
leading the party down the garden path, to I
a position only slightly left of the Liberals.
Whether the left wing of the NDP can stop
such a move without a major confrontation
with the party establishment would seem to
be the question both groups will ponder as
the NDP enters the most critical stage in its
development as Canada's only viable alternative to the two parties that have run the !
country since Confederation.
A  former   Ubyssey   news   editor,   Bill
Tieleman attended the NDP convention in ;
Toronto last month.  He is currently national bureau chief for Canadian University
Special Edition, Page 6
Friday, December 7, 1979 Business as usual on UBC board
Their names read like a Who's Who in B.C.
business. And most firms would be pleased to
have them on their own board of directors.
But at UBC, they represent a grave threat to
the maintenance of quality education.
"They" are the eight government appointees
to UBC's 15-member board, the body responsible for the university's financial well-being.
If they have one thing in common, it is their
business-oriented view of how UBC should be
And as the university approaches the '80s, a
miniature battle of grand proportion is taking
place in the often forgotten sterile boardroom
in the old administration building.
The outcome will determine if UBC's administration is successful in maintaining current standards in the quality of education.
In the far corner, with some nasty cuts which
might only be the harbinger of far more serious
injuries, is administration president Doug Kenny, fighting for the precious dollars he feels are
necessary if UBC is to survive.
In the other corner are universities minister
Pat McGeer's hand-picked crop of fiscal tightwads. Led by corporate godfather J.V. Clyne,
they badly outnumber their adversary, and
threaten to snatch control of the university's
financial situation from Kenny and his supporters.
And besides being out-gunned before even
sitting down at their large wooden table, Kenny
is having a difficult time getting the rag-tag collection of elected representatives to back him.
Those representatives are the two faculty,
two student, and the non-teaching staff
members. And while their interests might appear to be similar, that has not always been the
The appointees, on the other hand, vote and
think as if they have been cloned from the same
image. And that image is McGeer.
He has successfully purged all uncooperative
appointees made by the NDP, some even
before their three year terms had expired. The
end result is a group of eight fiscally tight-fisted
businessmen trying to wrest control of UBC
from the university itself.
Kenny has succeeded in the past in maintaining a fairly tight grip on the university's
business, mostly because of his superior
knowledge of UBC. But that grip is slipping,
leaving Kenny and the university dangling
dangerously over the precipice of government
A profile and scorecard of the board's 15
members, compiled from corporate
guidebooks, library files, The Canadian
Establishment, interviews and sources, shows
exactly who is in control of the university and
what can be expected in the future.
is probably the epitome of the free enterprise
Clyne heads the appointed members in their
ongoing battle with Kenny and others interested in education.
Clyne is loud, boisterous and obnoxious
while arguing board matters, and has shown little patience in listening to.other opinions, particularly those of the student representatives.
He is not unlike an elephant in the intellectual china shop.
Clyne is the most tight-fisted of the McGeer
people and shows an incredible ability for
short-term thinking. He is attempting to run
UBC like a regular business. Major difficulty is
that universities rarely show a regular profit.
Clyne became a board member when he was
elected UBC chancellor in 1978, after the old
boys network of illustrious alumni decided he
was the kind of figure who would attract the
greatest amount of corporate dollars for
Clyne is best known for making MacMillan-
Bloedel the multi-million dollar forest industry
giant it is today. In his 16 year stint as company
chairman, Mac-Bio sales jumped to $966
million from $160 million.
Clyne got an interesting education in
business relations. Soon after graduating from
UBC in 1923, Clyne went to London where he
participated in the 1926 general strike. But his
participation was with members of police "flying squads" who broke up gatherings of
He eventually moved on to the mounted
police   detachments   which   successfully
"dispersed" crowds.
See page 8: GLOVES
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 7 Gloves are off and bell
has rung in board battle
From page 7
Before joining Mac-Bio, Clyne was a
B.C. Supreme Court judge. He also declined an opportunity to become president of
Canadian National Railways.
His incredible financial success at Mac-
Blo made him unequivocably the west,
coast's number one industrialist.
Clyne is a director of the conservative C.
D. Howe Research Institute, an honorary
director of both MacMillan-Bloedel and
Canada Trust Co., and is chairman of the
provincial government's B.C. Heritage
In the past two years, Clyne has attempted to become one of the west's formidable
spokesmen on federalism and the Quebec
question, with mixed results.
He also headed the controversial Clyne
commission on telecommunications.
Clyne's report has been called "incomplete
and not comprehensive" to "disappointing".
Being chancellor, Clyne is UBC's most
visible spokesman, along with Kenny.
IESLIE PETERSON — Peterson, who
recently became board chair, laid the law
down at the November board meeting when
he told student, faculty and staff members
that he would not accept partisan actions
on their part.
"There is only one master," he said.
"That is the University of British Columbia. That is the only body to which we are
Despite the stern warning, Peterson still
does not command a great deal of respect
from the other board members and is not
regarded as a leader.
Peterson, who was education minister
under W. A. C. Bennett from 1965-1968,
still has strong connections with the current
Socred government.
Known as a yes man for universities
minister Pat McGeer, Peterson is regarded
by board insiders as a direct pipeline between the board and McGeer's office.
Peterson consistently supports Clyne in
board matters, but has been known to support Kenny.
Currently a lawyer with Broughton &
Co., Peterson is also a director of McGuin-
ness Distillers. Surprisingly (or maybe not)
he was boss of the B.C. liquor control
board while serving as attorney-general
from 1968-1972.
Although an active and vocal member of
the Socred party, Peterson said his appointment to the board in January, 1978, had
nothing to do with his party connections.
-LAN EYRE — Eyre is yet another
board member with intimate Socred connections. Very much an active participant
in inner party circles, Eyre has been known
to drop the name of some cabinet minister
to grab the attention of the other members
during board meetings.
After Clyne, Eyre is probably the richest
board member. He is also very solidly in
Clyne's camp when it comes to budget cutbacks. Eyre^has such a corporate view of
the running of the university that some
members refer to him as a board of directors member.
But Eyre could soon find his position on
the board in jeopardy. He has already missed three of his five permissable meetings.
Eyre is the president of Dueck on Broadway and is said to be worth many millions
of dollars. Eyre is also a golfing partner
with cabinet minister and fellow used car
dealer Evan Wolfe.
has no delusions about the reason for his
appointment; after the announcement, he
said he felt he was chosen for his industrial
and management background.
An outspoken member,  Crawford has
shown little hesitance over quarreling with
Jack Valentine Clyne
Douglas Timothy Kenny
BORN: Feb. 14, 1902
POLITICS: to the right of Seedy Howe
STRENGTHS: plenty of capitalists on
board, as
king capitalist controls majority
of members
WEAKNESSES:   personality,   total
disregard for other members, middle
BORN: Oct. 20, 1923
POLITICS: smack dab on the yellow
STRENGTHS: knows UBC inside and
out, has UBC
interests at heart, ruthless at crushing
WEAKNESSES: vice-presidents, fear
of the public
Kenny. He refuses to accept the academic's
point of view in running UBC, and is a
fiscal conservative of Clyne's mold.
Crawford says he believes the board
should have the most control over UBC. He
has shown little sympathy or respect for
university academics who complain that
cutbacks are affecting the quality of education.
Allan Crawford Associates Ltd., of
which he is the major shareholder, is the
largest Canadian-owned distributor of electronic ware in Canada.
Crawford is also president of Anatek
Electronics Ltd. of North Vancouver.
When Anatek's executives indicated they
were interested in moving into the research
park, Crawford was accused of a conflict of
interest by student politicians.
J.AN GREENWOOD — A member of the
board since 1976, after McGeer fired NDP
appointees Bing Thom and Clive Lyttle two
years before their terms expired, Greenwood is one of the most experienced board
And surprisingly for a Socred appointee,
Greenwood is not a used-car salesman. But
he is a Kelowna businessman and is well-
known in the B.C. business community as
IEORGE MORFITT — Morfitt ranks
up there with Kenny and Clyne as one of
the real shakers on the board. He has lost
some of the power he previously wielded as
board chairman, which has been grabbed in
the emergence of Clyne as power-broker
and fiscal godfather.
Morfitt has proven to be exceedingly cold
when dealing with some of the* board
members, but he generates more respect
than anyone else on the board.
While Morfitt is another in that long line
of Socred party hacks, he is entrusted by
Kenny to ensure that board meetings run
smoothly. But that does not mean they
agree on cutbacks—Morfitt is another appointee who is taking a short-term approach to university funding.
Morfitt probably has more outside interests than any other board member.
Recently elected alderman in the West Vancouver municipal election, Morfitt is also
secretary, comptroller and director of Jack
Diamond and Sons Ltd., a real estate company.
Morfitt also has very strong ties with the
alumni association and fits in very well,
thank you, with the old boys network.
News item: Government appoints UBC board of governors members
FOUG KENNY — It has been a tough
year for UBC's administration president.
Under attack from student politicians for
raising tuition fees and for accepting the
research park without consulting students,
Kenny is also facing a very serious challenge
to his position as the strongest voice on the
His position with the university
automatically makes him the most informed board member. But Kenny's influence
on the board is rapidly fading, insiders say.
One of his biggest liabilities is said to be
his vice-presidents. The other members consistently feel that Kenny's four right-hand
men are more concerned with protecting
their president than informing the board
when the board requests information.
Kenny has also found himself at odds
with the board as he attempts to protest
McGeer's apocalyptic drive to slash university funding. The appointed members are
refusing to accept Kenny's vision of UBC as
the number one Canadian university.
Insiders fear that if Kenny is ineffectual
with the board, UBC will slip into the same
coma as Simon Fraser University and the
University of Victoria, where McGeer enjoys a greater influence over university matters than the respective presidents.
See page 16: OTHERS
general manager of B.C. Fruit Trees Ltd.
and Sun-Rype Products Ltd.
Although he is a former board chairman,
Greenwood has failed to gain the respect of
the other board appointees and is often left
out of their inner circle. In fact, many
board insiders have viewed Greenwood as
an extension of the UBC administration.
Greenwood is also hampered by his lack
of traditional ties with UBC's old boys network.
He is a big fan of Kenny's and invariably
supports him against the other appointees.
LLAN PIERCE — Pierce has shown !
little patience in dealing with Kenny's vice-
presidents, particularly Erich Vogt. He also
has made a habit of challenging the administration's contention that cutbacks are
drastically damaging the education provided at UBC. i
Pierce treats his position as board appointee with a little more seriousness than
some of the other members with a Socred
ticket. He refuses to accept the board as a
rubber stamping body.
Pierce is managing director of the prosperous actuaries firm of William M.
Mercer Ltd. Pierce is an active member of
the UBC alumni association.
Special Edition, Page 8
Friday, December 7, 1979 siraaaa^ paaaaus
Four-year old Bobby was lonely and
wanted his mother.
She had gone out and he didn't know
where, so he set out on his tricycle to begin
a campus-wide search for his lost parent.
Bobby (not his real name) started in UBC's
SUB parking lot, situated just behind his
home at the St. Mark's College residences.
But his mother was nowhere to be seen.
Cars went whizzing past Bobby and his
tricycle, but he continued undaunted.
Anyone could plainly see the parking lot
was an unsafe place, and someone soon
did, but not until Bobby had spent a good
20 minutes dodging brakes and bumpers.
The student who stopped the child was
soon joined by another student who quickly
ran to the St. Mark's residence in search of
Bobby's parents. Within minutes father,
son and mother were re-united in the parking lot.
Bobby had been playing on his tricycle
when his mother left the house to go to SUB
for coffee and his father was in the house.
But Bobby didn't know where his mother
had gone and like any lost child, went to
find her.
This true story illustrates just one of the
many problems student parents face in
tackling the already difficult task of attending university at the same time as facing
the all-consuming responsibility of parenthood.
While the problem of children meandering into busy university parking lots is not a
typical one, it is typical of the great difficulty student parents have in trying to find
enough time to spend with their children.
"Student parents are usually very busy
and the children end up amusing
themselves. Sometimes they get into
mischief. It's such a waste of human life
when they don't have any direction," says
Vivian Ford, herself a student parent.
Ford, a member of the Acadia park tenant's association, says the biggest problem
student parents face is finding enough time
to spend with their children and finding
places for the children to go when they cannot be with them.
These problems are compounded by the
fact that many of the parents on campus are
single-parent mothers who have no one
with which to share the responsibilities of
Acadia camp, Acadia park and St.
Mark's College are the three major
residences for families on campus, and the
low-income Acadia camp housing area is
more than 50 per cent composed of single-
parent families.
Single parent Patsi McMurchy, president
of the camp's tenant association, says the
problems facing single parents are most
acute. The single parent must often work,
go to school and take care of the children,
she says.
"It takes more money to bring up a family than it does to bring up yourself. You
have to find time to work and see the
children. And there are also so many extracurricular things, but you can't get to too
many of them," says McMurchy.
She said the strict time constraints on
many single parents make effective day-care
systems absolutely essential for the university. But UBC has neither enough or the right
kind of day care facilities to help single-
Most day-care facilities in and around
UBC are co-operatives, where parents are
required to help operate them, but single
parents often do not have the time to work
at co-op centres and are left with few daycare alternatives.
"We don't have the right kind of daycare here. Co-op day-care no longer
answers the university's needs. It is a big
problem," says Nancy Horsman of UBC
women students' office.
Horsman says single parents also often
need after school day-care or recreation
facilities for their children. But there is only
Poor housing, inadequate daycare
plague young campus families
one effective after-school day-care program
and one university endowment land community recreation program. Neither of
them has the money nor facilities to meet
the demands of the community.
The main problem is with
"key-children", children who are given the
keys to the house and are told by their
parent to amuse themselves until the parent
gets home in the evening.
"There's a lot of problems with children
being left alone after school. You either
have to be at home, or have alternative
care, but you can't have too much alternative care," says McMurchy.
Many families try to solve the after-
school care problem by setting up an informal rotation care system with their
neighbors. But, as McMurchy says, "quite
often parents don't even have time to get to
know their neighbors."
Other parents try to solve the problem by
enrolling their older children in the UEL
community recreation program, but program director Jim Everett says he does not
have the facilities or support to meet the demand for his services.
"All the single parent kids are connected
with our program, but we have to go as far
as Jericho Hill to get facilities."
Everett says the children of UBC students
are given no special rates or extra time at
university recreation facilities, even though
many facilities are often not fully used by
the university.
"There's got to be some room in the gym
for kids out here. My proposal for UBC is
that we take over one third of their gym,"
he said.
Everett said he also acts as a liaison between single student parents, their children
and government social agencies. And he
charged that many social service agencies
are ignoring their responsibilities to families
at UBC.
"Nobody takes their responsibility out
here. Some human resource people haven't
been out here in years."
Everett said the problems of stress related
to the responsibility of exams and raising
c h i 1 d r e n is hard on m a n y university
families, especially single parents. "There is
an extreme amount of pressure on both the
parents and the kids. Both these pressures
are very tough and cause a lot of
Horsman and McMurchy agree with
Everett. "It's a very minimal kind of living.
There are poverty-line kinds of problems,"
Horsman says.
"All of them (single parents) are of a
mature age and feel a special pressure about
returning to school. Exam time is the
Many single parents are currently protesting what they call a "slum-lord" attitude by UBC's housing department
towards the low-cost Acadia camp housing
The camp is composed of Second World
War army huts the university purchased in
the late 1940s for $1 each. Tenants are protesting the run-down condition of some of
the 100 huts and are angry with the housing
department's apparent reluctance to repair
the units.
"The university is really negligent in
keeping them (the huts) up, and they're turning a profit on them. No one's asking for
renovations, just maintenance. It's time
they started turning their profits back
towards the camp," says McMurchy.
At the centre of the controversy are two
huts, currently in desperate need of repair.
One hut is unoccupied and needs plumbing
repairs, while the other is rented by tenant's
association member Jean Watters and her
husband. The Watters' hut is suffering
from wood dry rot in both the bedroom and
the bathroom.
Housing department spokeswoman
Susanne Nickles said the department will
have to do cost-effectiveness studies to
decide whether or not it is financially feasible to repair the buildings. But the tenant's
association wants housing to repair the
buildings immediately, to relieve a massive
waiting list of student parents hoping to live
in the camp.
Watters is the most vocal opponent of
housing's policy because she and her family
are the most directly affected by it. If housing decides her hut will cost too much to
repair, she will be forced to either move into the more expensive Acadia park housing
units or go off-campus. She says she can't
afford to move.
For housing to do any estimate of the
work, the Watters will have to temporarily
move out of their hut into Acadia park.
Housing has said it will not charge for their
three week stay during the repair and
estimate work.
But Jean Watters says: "I'm not moving
out until 1 get a guarantee that I'm moving
back into my place or something similar
(another low-cost hut)."
Huts at the camp rent for $70 to $150 per
month, while condominiums in Acadia
park go for $200 per month. The Watters
hut rents for $71 per month. Housing will
not guarantee to the Watters that any
repairs will be done on the house unless
they take the gamble of moving out and
hope that housing will find the hut worth
"I feel it's a slum landlord situation. As
long as they rent the huts out, housing
should maintain health and safety standards," said Watters.
Watters is now collecting signatures for a
petition asking the housing department to
"take the responsibility to repair and maintain all its residences."
"The university, it seems, is reluctant to
put   very  much   revenue  back   into   these
houses that have grossed a good profit since
the late 1940s, when they were bought from
the government for a minimal sum. We
think that this policy of gross negligence is
not only bad morally, but has serious health
and safety applications," the petition
Watters said she has already collected
more than 50 signatures on the petition and
many signatories had also complained of
problems with their huts.
Nickles admits that some huts are "in
really terrible shape," but says some of
them may have to be destroyed because
they are not worth fixing. She said housing
is planning to hire a consultant who will
determine which huts are worth keeping
and which are not. Nickles said the Watters' hut might not be worth keeping.
"We are getting to the stage where some
of these huts are going to be declared unfit
for living. But hopefully they will last as
long as possible," said Nickles.
She said the other uninhabited hut will
also have to undergo a feasibility study
before any repairs can be made to its non-
working water system. She said the cost of
replacing that system could run as high as
"Before we can spend that kind of
money, we have to do a report on the hut,"
says Nickles.
While parents face the problems of exams, day-care, housing wrangles and bills,
See page 19: STUDENT
THE WATTERS FAMILY ... fed up with housing rot
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 9 In ten bad years, we discover
wrong people were sent to moon
The 1970s. We had just landed
on the moon. The Woodstock nation had just been proclaimed.
The decade was born in joy, con- >
fusion, hope and violence. It
would end in a sea of mediocrity.
1970. Richard Nixon orders the
invasion of Cambodia and the
retreat of South Vietnamese
troops is brought to the world in
the terrifying image of soliders tying their arms to escaping
helicopters, then falling back to
the ground, their limbs severed
either by turbulence or hands
from above.
At Kent State University the toll
is four dead, seven wounded and
one in a wheelchair for life when
U.S. troops fire on U.S. students
and the horror mounts.
More significant, seven black
students die at Jackson Stale and
few seem to notice or care. In the
black areas of almost every major
U.S. city, streets and curbs carry
the mark of tank and armored
personnel carrier treads.
In Vancouver the counterculture nourishes in two areas:
Gastown and Kitsilano. As has
San Francisco for the U.S., Vancouver has become the heart of
the new social movement in
The revolution is imminent.
Diversionary skirmishes around
campfires at English Bay result in
an easy victory for the police while
West End residents put lawnchairs
out on the balconies to watch.
Meanwhile a pre-emptive strike
is being prepared that will
neutralize a zone of downtown by
putting up a tent and shack housing development rather than a
multi-purpose complex of
skyscrapers. In a few years All
Season's Park will be safe from
developers. And for at least 10
years city council will forget to
find funds to make it a part of
Stanley Park.
It was to be an only victory.
In   1971  things shifted as the
new decade began.  Though  All
Season's Park would last the year,
little else did.
The Last Chance Saloon was
raided, half-destroyed, and finally
closed down. Chemical Row, the
famous houses in Kitsilano where
anything of an hallucinatory
nature could be had in any quantity, burned down mysteriously.
Operation Dustpan, a police
sweep designed specifically to get
the user rather than the dealer,
emptied Gastown of all but the
When police rioted in Gastown
the freaks and revolutionaries ran.
The tourists and West Enders who
had come to watch another riot
participated instead.
Over a long summer, then in
one short violent night, everyone
was introduced to a new emotion:
fear. An awareness was growing
that there had been a loss of control on a large scale. The fear was
to replace the rage, joy and exhilaration that were the emotions
of the 1960s.
That fall the nuclear warhead
went off at Amchitka as scheduled, after a quiet, half-hearted protest that saw 4,000 people mill
aimlessly in the rain at Georgia
and Granville like so many cattle.
In 1972 it was all over. George
McGovern surprised with his
weakness. Nixon was re-elected
with a huge majority while the
Watergate scandal simmered
under him, already months old.
In Canada, Pierre Trudeau
blandly told the people that the
land was strong and only by the
narrowest of margins escaped
defeat in a federal election.
Disillusionment was rampant.
None of the leaders could be
trusted. Especially the revolutionaries.
The wave of disillusionment
washed over to the right wing too.
In both Vancouver and B.C.
right-of-centre governments were
replaced by politicians on the left.
Neither would be there one term
Some of us cheered when the
NDP came to power even though
they shared few of our beliefs,
even though we knew they had
been elected by disgruntled conservatives rather then ourselves.
We had given up.
1973 was when we knew for
sure there had been a loss of con-
This is Ronald Reagan, an old movie star who
discovered that California was nuts before
California discovered Jerry Rrown is nuts. Ronnie
wants to be president. Ne might do that in 1980. If
so, hell probably be the last American president.
trol. The energy crisis, a
phenomenon that still bewilders
and confuses after seven years,
plunged the Western world into an
economic chaos that may yet lead
us to another Dark Age.
The NDP government, battered
and buffeted by a financial storm
that was rising over the entire
earth, could not hang on. Nor did
the revolution.
The new cause was survival.
The new weapon was money and
power was the ability to obtain it.
Civilization was in danger of termination and it was time to grab
ass and head for cover. The "me"
decade, born in troubled times,
was coming of age.
The Americans abandoned
Vietnam and after more than six
years of negotiations failed to
achieve their honorable peace.
The helicopters weighed down
with the hanging desperate made
another appearance on television
But this time everyone was off
at the disco.
They went in their cars that
burned gas faster than it could be
gotten out of the ground and
danced to music powered by a new
nuclear power plant which was
paid for on credit.
Where dollars used to be not
worth what they were ten or twenty years ago, now they were not
worth what they had been ten or
twenty weeks before. No one
minded so long as you could
always strike for more. Education
became a synonym for
"marketable training and skills".
Adding to the fear, disillusionment and loss of control people
felt was the apparent mediocrity
of things at the top. Leaders in
every field had been- suddenly
submerged and the new order was
rarely so good as to be disappointing.
Canada abruptly forgave Pierre
Trudeau, possibly because he goes
to discos, and re-elected him with
only the second majority since
Diefenbaker's in 1958. When the
need for a replacement became
too painfully obvious, Canada
found Joe Clark.
Famous world leaders of the
1970s were Gerald Ford, Jimmy
Carter, Idi Amin, the Gang of
Four, The Shah of Iran, Indira
Ghandi and Libya's Colonel
Prominent U.S. politicians
range from McGovern and
Thomas Eagleton to Jerry Brown
to Ted Kennedy. In B.C. we've
had Bill Vander Zalm, Ed
McKitka and Jack Volrich.
Big names in music were Peter
Frampton, Steve Miller's Fly Like
an Eagle, The Bee Gees, Elton
John, Linda McCartney, The
Eagles, Alice Cooper and Kiss. In
the realm of literature there were
no important new names or
works. The visual arts suffered as
Scientific discovery apparently
gave way to technological innovation. And our "new" technology
is essentially leftovers from the
U.S. Apollo program: printed circuits, video recorders and new
petrochemical plastics will not
solve the massive social, economic
and resource mismanagement problems we face in 1980.
We have not even kept the few
emasculated ideals we brought
with us into the 1970s. Pacificism
has become passiveness while wars
rage on. Famous wars of the last
And this is Richard Nixon,
called him then. He
of fellow. Sometimes
things. Rut
decade included Bangladesh, Yom
Kippur, Zaire, Lebanon, Angola
and several South-East Asian conflicts.
Racial tolerance has fared even
worse. In Vancouver alone there
has been beatings of East Indians,
vigilante patrols by minority
groups and the blatant discrimination against blacks in downtown
clubs.  In Quebec, human rights
or Trickee Dickie as we
was a queer kind
he did really funny
not usually.
were trampled by the War
Measures Act.
By the end of 1980 Brazil,
Argentina, Pakistan, South
Africa, Israel and Ted Kennedy
may all have the bomb. This
might be just the right time to
start the millenium party.
By New Year's Eve in 2000 we
might be lacking food, drink and
guests to celebrate with.
Special Edition, Page 10
Friday, December 7, 1979 By KEVIN FINNEGAN
Decade? What decade?
Decades have never really existed at UBC. For the most part
the campus exists in a timeless
void, ignoring external issues and
suffocating on internal ones.
A survey of the seventies reveals
a stream of seemingly disconnected events, with an overall
ironic ring.
The 1970s literally started with a
bang at UBC as time bombs went
off in three buildings on campus.
It was a different type of bomb,
though, that prompted 300 UBC
profs to sign a petition demanding
an end to American "clinical
strikes" against North Vietnamese
In the English department,
crisis reigned after head Robert
Jordan refused tenure for two
And after the school year ended, National Guardsmen killed 11
students on two American campuses during anti-war demonstrations.
The 1970-71 year started on a
bad note for 4,600 students, all of
whom were victims of a computer
foul-up at registration.
In a prophetic speech on Sept.
22, Rene Levesque told a UBC
audience Quebec separatists
"might resort to violence." Less
than a month later the Front de
Liberation du Quebec kidnapped
James Cross and Pierre Laporte
and the War Measures Act was invoked.
The Ubyssey, the first paper in
English Canada to print the FLQ
manifesto, told its readers in an
in-house ad, "You're in good
hands with Police State."
Two weeks earlier, the army
was called in to remove several
hundred people from the "Jericho
Hilton" hostel. But the major
issue at UBC was beer — then-
attorney-general Les Peterson told
students they would never get a
draft licence (Peterson is now
chairman of the UBC board of
In the spring of 1971 the Vancouver parks board suggested
building a road on Wreck Beach
to halt cliff erosion. It was not to
Students returned to UBC in
the fall of 1971 to be greeted by ,
Human Government, which
presented one of the most
fascinating, albeit short-lived, eras
of student politics. Dedicated to
democratization of the university
and harmony with nature, the
Human Government gave its electors a chance to remove it from
office if they didn't like it — and
students didn't. They voted them
out after half a term.
The nuclear test at Amchitka
caused 2,000 people, many UBC
students, to- block all crossings
south of Vancouver and focused
world attention on the
Greenpeace boat missions. The
Ubyssey revealed that the U.S. army funded three research projects
at UBC, the rag then called
sometime-UBC benefactor Cecil
Green a war profiteer for his partial ownership of Texas Instruments, then a major supplier
of war materials.
A tenure dispute in the anthropology department resulted in
a minor war between The Ubyssey
and head Cyril Belshaw. UBC administration president Walter
Gage said anyone giving confidential documents to the student
newspaper would be charged with
Georgia Straight workers tried
to make the paper into a legal collective but were stymied by owner
Dan McLeod. Indian Fred Quilt
died after a brief stay at RCMP
hospitality headquarters, and
See page 24: WORLD
AMCHITKA BLOCKADE . . . and Greenpeace was born
BEER . . . major student concern
WRECK BEACH PROTEST . . . recurring theme in 1970s
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 11 Chileans still face pelice state
Canadian University Press
They sang a lullaby for an exiled Chilean child.
They sang a song of the children
who live in the streets, high on
glue, of child prostitutes and the
humiliation of being thrown into
the street because you can't afford
the rent.
They sang tributes to Victor
Jara, a popular poet and
songwriter, brutally murdered by
the military government in 1973
and they sang a song by Jara,
about the right to live in peace.
Their songs filled the huge
theatre of the Caupolican in Santiago de Chile and the hearts and
minds of 5,000 spectators, mostly
students. They had come together
for the third festival of Chilean
folk music, The University Sings
for Life and Peace, organized by
the cultural association of the
In just about any country in the
world, the festival would have
been a huge success. In fascist
Chile, still suffering under the
repressive military regime of
General Augusto Pinochet, it was
something of a miracle.
Last year's festival was closed
down at 10:30 p.m. promptly by
the police — who turned off every
light in the huge theatre. A similar
event sponsored by the technical
university the year before, ended
with everyone, artists, singers,
organizers and audience, being arrested and carted off to jail.
This year's festival was plagued
by the innumerable obstacles the
junta puts in the way of anyone
trying to organize a cultural event:
a tax of 20 per cent on all income;
the difficulty of getting permission to hold the event, then of fin
ding a site for it; the university's
refusal to allow the cultural
association to book rooms or
advertise on campus.
But thousands of students,
chanting slogans of agriculture,
engineering and other university
departments between songs, and
singing and cheering along with
many of the performers, were a
tribute to the courage and determination of Chilean youth living
in a Chile that is anything but concerned about the needs of the majority of its inhabitants.
In 1973 a military coup
destroyed a 100-year tradition of
democracy in Chile, bringing with
it one of the most brutal reigns of
terror to be found in the world today.
Tanks took over the main
streets of Chile's capital, Santiago, bombs were dropped on the
presidential palace, and literally
thousands of people were arrested
and taken off to hastily improvised detention camps like the one
set up in the national stadium in
Government officials, mayors,
city councillors, professionals,
students and ordinary workers —
no one was safe from the DINA,
Chile's secret police.
In concentration camps all over
the country, they were tortured
using electric shock and, for the
women, rape — not always by
human beings. Many died. Many
have never been heard of since.
In the fall of this year, two mass
graves containing bodies of people
arrested by the military were
discovered in the areas of Lon-
quen and Ymbel. The junta's
original story, that the people died
in a confrontation with the army,
has  been  disproven  by the fact
they were bound hand and foot,
and some were buried alive in
Chile is a country deeply scarred by the events of recent years.
Quiet on the surface, Santiago's
prosperous downtown area does
not look much different from an
older area of Toronto or Montreal. But it is nevertheless a country where the people cry out for
bread, for peace, for life and for
the return of their lost loved ones.
Two United Nations commissions of inquiry on human rights
in Chile, and innumerable delegations from countries around the
world, have helped curb the
junta's thirst for the blood of any
and all political opponents.
But the junta's claims that the
country is becoming more
"liberal" continue to be empty of
any real meaning. As well, Chile's
economy is a disaster. Even those
people with jobs are unable to
keep up with inflation.
The story of the cultural
association, its formation and its
continuing fight for existence is
very much the story of young people in Chile, growing up in a
climate of paralyzing terror,
determined to fight back.
From the time of the coup until
1977, the cultural movement in
Chile was wiped out. Many of the
finest artists and musicians were
arrested, tortured, killed or exiled
during the vast wave of repression
that engulfed the country. Those
who remained behind, were quiet,
afraid. There have been too many
cases of people speaking out and
not living to regret it.
The junta prohibitied singing,
displays and other cultural activities. Up until 1974, certain
traditional  folk instruments, in
cluding Chilean pipes and guitars
were also banned, because the artistic movement had flourished
under the Popular Unity government of Salvador Allende, the
Chilean president murdered during the military takeover.
For some time after the coup,
meetings of more than two people
were forbidden and a person with
a guitar was treated as "as great a
threat as someone with a pamphlet," according to Roberto (not
his real name), an association student activist.
Today, students report the junta has closed down many socially-
oriented programs and courses.
Enrolment at the University of
Concepcion, in the south, stands
at 8,000 today. In 1973 it was
The schools of social work and
journalism were closed down for
political reasons immediately
following the coup and
psychology and obstetrics have
since been closed due to the
junta's funding policies.
Discussion is not allowed in
class, and students and professors
alike are watched by other
"students," in reality,
plainclothes agents of DINA,
Chile's secret police. According to
one estimate, about 60 per cent of
the 2,500 disappeared people were
students, and a number of the
students I interviewed had been
arrested and tortured.
When the mass graves were
discovered in Lonquen and
Ymbel, bodies of several students
were found, including a boy aged
Students were aware, active
participants in the social development and changes brought to an
abrupt    end    by    the   military
takeover. The junta is determined
to prevent this recurring.
Students from the Catholic
University listed major problems
in the university. It was a list that
students from high schools,
poblaciones, catholic, technical
and state universities all over Chile
"There are economic
problems," Maria (not her real
name), a social work student, told
me, "caused by the government's
funding policies. They want the
universities to be self-financed,
and that means they have to make
In university classrooms today,
basic freedoms for professors and
the right to discus^ points in class
are two major issues. Censorship
of books, films, songs is another
barrier to serious studies. Pabli
Nevida, a poet of world renown
and one of Chile's two Nobel
prize winners, is not even taught
in the schools.
"They've deliberately made the
course load very heavy," said
Maria and many other students.
"It's virtually impossible to do
anything but study all the time."
Students emphasized the fact that
the junta is trying to produce only
narrow technocrats, not people
concerned with improving the
miserable living conditions of the
majority of Chileans. There is
now 20 per cent (official)
unemployment and hundreds of
thousands of Chileans live in tin-
roofed shacks with no running
water or proper sewage facilities.
Outright repression is another
problem the students have to deal
with every day. A theology student at the Catholic University in
Santiago said the entire school of
See page 20: SECRECY
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Special Edition, Page 12
Friday, December 7, 1979 Politics, religion mix at UBC
Religion at UBC is growing up.
Religious groups are no longer content to
sit back and just contemplate the existence
of higher beings. They are also taking a
stand on human issues.
These concerns range from UBC administration president Doug Kenny's vision
for the future of UBC to Nazi war
criminals, Canadian investments in Chile
and abortion.
One of the groups most active in raising
issues is the Cooperative Christian Campus
George Hermanson, the ministry's
Anglican chaplain says the relationship between economic investment in Chile and
South Africa is a major ethical issue.
"What we do at UBC has an effect on
what happens in Chile, whether we
acknowledge it or not," says Hermanson, a
former board of governors member. He
said Canadians indirectly support the
Chilean and South African regimes by supporting financial institutions that invest in
those countries.
The church has become more aware of
the important economic connection between Canada and the world since the Second World-War and has raised questions
about ethical'investment, Hermanson says.
"Churches nationally and internationally
are interested in justice. That's one of the
preaching, politics
primary metaphors you find in scripture."
Hermanson said he thinks it is important
that religion be able to maintain a balance
between spiritual values and the reality of
the world. "Bad religion emphasizes the inner and bad politics the outer at the expense
of the other. Bad religion denies the reality
of the world."
Repression is also a concern of Hillel
House, a Jewish student's group.
Last year when the West German government was considering legislation to end the
statute of limitations for Nazi war crimes,
the members of Hillel House held a
candlelight march.
The members wrote to the West German
parliament protesting the possibility of ending the statute of limitations and it was
eventually extended, says spokesman Steve
Many Hillel House members are active
Zionists, concerned about the religious
persecution Jews face in Ethiopia and the
Soviet Union.
"A lot of our members are involved in
Zionist activities and trying to free Jews in
the Soviet Union. The Falasha are Ethiopian Jews who're about to become extinct.
The Ethiopian government is trying to get
rid of them," he says.
Simpkin adds there is not much Hillel
House can do about the situation but inform people of the existence of such
For UBC's Catholic club, Newman centre and members of the Charismatic Christian Fellowship, the anti-abortion Pro-life
movement is a crucial issue.
"If there are things on campus we feel
you should promote or prevent, we will discuss them. I personally am willing to take a
stand on abortion," said CCF spokesman
Brodie Mulholland.
An issue concerning some CCF members
is the publication of the engineering undergraduate society's Red Rag which prints
blatantly sexist and racist articles.
Mulholland says his group helped staff a
booth in Vancouver's World Pentecostal
conference last October, telling people the
problems Christians face in communist nations. But he added the main concern of
CCF members is spreading their religion.
"In 60 years or so we'll be dead and it
won't matter what issues you spoke out
against," he said.
Even Kenny's address on the future of
UBC evoked a response from one group on
campus. In a recent letter to The Ubyssey,
Philip Sigalet and other members of the Lutheran campus ministry outlined their concerns. The letter warned the university it
should not lose sight of the ethical concerns
in encouraging an emphasis on science and
A Lutheran student movement spokesman, Sigalet, said the letter pointed out
things science and technology should consider but often ignore. "Some groups deal
with personal problems and we try to deal
with the social reasons for those problems
and what our faith has to say about social
The ministry has also sponsored a series
of lectures on faith, science and the future,
raising key campus issues, said ministry assistant Randy Smith.
"We see ourselves as a part of the larger
Christian community, in matters of spirit
and ethics," said Smith. "We're interested
in raising issues but also inviting people to
think about issues in a new way."
Though there is a movement within religion to move into campus politics there is a
counter trend of groups stressing individualism and the self.
Transcendental meditation promises development of the mind, improvements in
your health and a release of stress from
your nervous system. "There's been a lot of
scientific research done on TM and it was
found the body slows down twice as much
as when you're asleep. After 20 minutes
you feel refreshed," says Pat Gibbs, a
teacher of TM.
TM does not consider itself a religious organization but a "mechanical mental technique, independent of any religion or philosophy."
Yet the founder of TM.'the Maharishi,
wants to alleviate world suffering and make
individuals more intelligent, creative and
happy through his program, says Gibbs.
And it's only $80 for a week of lessons if
you are a student and $150 for adults. The
course entitles you to a lifetime membership
with the use of any TM centre in the world.
It is even offered as a credit course at many
universities in Canada and the U.S., says
The technique used to achieve TM's goals
is a "mental experience" practised for 20
minutes twice daily. "It allows the mind to
settle down and experience quiet, subtle
levels of the thinking process," says Gibbs.
"It leads us to enlightenment and we define
it as using one's full potential of mind,
body, personality, spirit, everything."
TM is known world-wide with one and a
half million practitioners and Gibbs claims
it has social benefits because, "What is
society but a collection of individuals?"
Eckankar places an emphasis on self-re-
ealization and self-discovery.
Cathy Alexander, an Eckankar member
for the last six years, said she found the religion in her teens.
"I was your psychic shopper. 1 dabbled
in everything. 1 decided the ECK experience
was a balanced one. I wasn't going to be
compared to a large group," says Alexander.
ECK is a religion which aims to develop
the full individual in every way. It provides
informational classes at $65 for a year's
membership, but this time students don't
get an economic bre^k.
One of the most expensive self-help
courses offered on campus is Lifespring.
The starting fee is $350 for the basic training course. It has aroused some controversy
because of training session methods. One
woman described the five-day experience as
"an emotional roller coaster," that was
dangerous and shoddy.
Lifespring stresses that selfishness governs every human action and is always the
motivation behind our actions. Members
are encouraged to accept total responsibil-
See page 25: RELIGIONS
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Here, In the Psychiatric Nursing program, men and
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Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 13 UBC WOMEN AftSNT
"Psst. Wanna see my UBC women's
stamp collection?"
Like a gloating little grade schooler with
a prize baseball card, the university administrator eyes his colleague smugly,
knowing his latest acquisition — a rare
specimen   — will outdo all others.
"It's a real beaut. Really scarce. One's
never even been seen on this campus. It
took a lot of hunting to get this one."
Pause. "Which one is it?" asks his partner, lips drawn, as he peers into the colored
"A woman president."
Gawd. That even beats out a UBC
woman dean.
In many cases, women at this university
bear no more status than a postage stamp.
Their appearance is token. They're stuck
off in a corner, under the thumb of male
. . . women's office cares
second-class citizen
superiors without a voice of their own.
Often they're lost in the shuffle,
acknowledged and then forgotten.
But they're not all licked.
A significant number of women on campus realize the inequities females face and
agree that in most cases, the status of
women at UBC is rarely a high priority.
Each one adamantly agrees that women at
UBC are scarcely prominent in the decisionmaking process at this institution. And
facts gathered in the last five years attest to
little change in administrative attitudes and
policies towards women:
• Last year, only 12 per cent of full-time
UBC faculty were women; in 1977/78 it was
16 per cent or 10 per cent excluding nursing
and education;
• the same number of women deans,
academic heads and directors and full professors existed in 1977/78 as in 1974/75;
• in a traditionally female faculty, such
as education, total male full-time faculty in
1978/79 outnumbered women more than
three to one;
• the dean of women's office was
eliminated in 1978 despite oral and written
representations by the academic women's
association that the position be maintained.
An advisory committee on student services
recommended preserving the office, as did
resigning dean of women Margaret Fulton;
• in November, 1976 UBC administration president Doug Kenny brought forth a
series of "initiatives" stating that committees would be set up to improve conditions
for women throughout UBC. Two promised committees, one on possible pension
benefits to sessional lecturers and another
investigating special funds to offer graduate
fellowships for returning women, were
never formed, to the knowledge of one
woman directly involved with the proposals.
The list could go on and on.
"There are not sufficient numbers of
women in faculty as role models," says
women student's office director Lorette
Woolsey. "I checked our percentage of women faculty last year and it's no higher than
when the royal commission on the status of
women did its report in the late sixties.
"It's at levels we had in the '30s, '40s and
'50s. They really haven't increased that
much compared to Canadian levels."
She says she has advocated hiring more
women faculty members to Erich Vogt,
vice-president of faculty and student affairs. She said his response was "positive in
a general way."
"He (Vogt) seemed reasonably sympathetic," said Woolsey. "I didn't get the
impression the president's office would
take any direction in that area." She said
she has not seen any policy statement from
the president's office on its hiring of
women faculty.
The male power structure at UBC is
deeply entrenched and must be drastically
altered before women can make major
gains on this campus, says third-year law
student Arlene Francis, who sits on
women's committees in law school and the
student body.
"The general male attitude of male faculty and administration is that they don't
want to relinquish control to women," she
says. "Men who have worked and fought
hard for power are not giving one piece of
that power to anyone else."
UBC education professor Naomi Hersom
says the female population of the education
faculty does not reflect the proportion of
women in the profession at all.
"It's way out of line," she says. "I'm
afraid the tide is reaching its peak. Now
we're slipping back. There's less opportunity, less concern that women have opportunity."
Last year, 67.3 per cent of education
undergraduate students were women. And
43 professors were male, five female. There
were 74 male associate professors and 14
female, according to a March 1979 study by
UBC's office of institutional analysis and
Last year, Hersom was education's
associate academic dean. But her position
was eliminated after the president
disregarded three candidates for dean
recommended by a search committee and
chose a new acting dean. (He in turn, chose
his own associate deans.)
Hersom said she thinks there was no
direct case of discrimination involved and
added she received complete support from
former dean John Andrews as his associate.
"I felt very comfortable in that
position," she said.
But she admits she's disappointed that
the loss of her position means she no longer
has the clout to introduce her desired proposals — to develop graduate programs and
consolidate the undergraduate program in
education. Another proposal, to improve
student services, is being carried out by
others this year, she said.
"When there is no legislation and
economic constraint, the first people to fall
back are women," she says. "If times are
tough, jobs are scarce, the feeling is that
men should have the positions."
Hersom says there has been an effort at
UBC to remedy unfair differentials in
salaries of male and female faculty. In
education, money has been put aside to
compensate women each year for differences in salaries based on years of experience and academic degrees.
"Some of the women get compensating
funds each year," she says. "They (the
funds) should have been there to start with.
They won't make up for all of it."
Woolsey says women today at UBC and
in Canadian society in general are hardest
Kit because of salary percentage increases.
"It tends to increase all the gaps," she
says. "The rich get richer, the poor get
poorer. Five per cent is a lot more if you're
earning $40,000 than if you're earning
She said it's not women's fault they are
not in decision-making positions at UBC.
"I don't think it all starts with the
women. They're applying and competent
and we're encouraging women into
graduate schools," she said, adding that
UBC must take the initiative to ensure that
it gets good women applicants.
"The academics and administration —
they hold the decision-making power. If
they don't genuinely have social justice for
women on their list of priorities, we're going to get a lot of lip service."
In 1975, a president's ad hoc committee
investigated salary differentials of faculty
men and women. Its report, released in
1976, noted "a number of situations in
which there appeared to be unjustified differentials in male salaries vis-a-vis women,
or other males."
The salaries of 29 women faculty
members were adjusted to give them parity
with their male counterparts. (A "matched
pair" method was used, asking women to
compare their salary to a male colleague's
with  similar  academic qualifications  and
The recommended salary increases which
averaged $1,900, ranged from $500 to
$7,500 and involved members of 13 departments or schools in the university.
But they did not include faculties of nursing or rehabilitation medicine where a large
proportion of female faculty members are
found. (Last year's school of rehabilitation
medicine had no full-time male professors
and nursing had 62 full-time female staff,
two men.
Francis says she seriously doubts the administration is ensuring that women's
wages at UBC are as high as they should be.
"Why can't they publish wages? I'd like
to see them publish public concrete
statistics. If women's salaries were where
they should be, the administration would be
out bragging," she said.
"Do we have to do a second report,
repeat ourselves?" (In 1973, a president's
committee on the status of women at UBC
found that sex-typed female job categories
had lower salaries within the university than
sex-typed male categories and in proportion
to their number, women occupied few
supervisory and administrative positions.)
The 1976 report of the president's committee on salary differentials, co-chaired by
history professor Margaret Prang and
James Richards of UBC's food science
department, urged that a continuing review
of salaries of women faculty members be
held each subsequent year.
It is now three years later and that was
never done.
At the time, the president's office said it
was unnecessary, says Jean Elder, associate
history professor and former academic
women's association chair.
And that same year, 1976, was the year
president Kenny launched his initiatives to
improve conditions for women at UBC.
Each dean was to be asked for a list of
four or five of the world's top women
academics in each discipline taught in his
faculty. Then, when faculty openings occurred, the president's office would try to
provide extra funds and attract one of these
women to the position. I
Elder says she does not remember ever j
being asked for any suitable candidates.
"I've always seemed to think when
women become department heads, it's
because the department head has become
almost a secretarial position," she says.
"It's the idea that paper work is women's
When the 1973 status of women at UBC
report was made, a confidential memo was
sent to all department heads of non-
academic staff in an effort to determine
views of those responsible  for hiring
Of 60 who returned questionnaires, 42
per cent said they preferred women for certain jobs such as secretarial and clerical positions because little training was required
and "repetitious work (is) more suitable for
Sixty per cent of responses said that men
and women doing the same quality and
amount of work should receive the same
Woolsey said women are overlooked to
fill positions because society looks to men
for leadership.
"There's a non-conscious bias that people tend to think men can do it better," she
says. "That's pretty well-documented.
Various decision-making bodies have really
Special Edition, Page 14
Friday, December 7, 1979 UBC PERFORMS FOOT FUMBLE . . . steps on women's rights with one foot and sticks other in mouth as it mumbles out feeble promises.
got to get their act together and overcome
this problem."
Elder says that to her knowledge, a 1976
president's ad hoc committee to investigate
the possibility of providing pension benefits
to sessional lecturers was never appointed.
(Many faculty members appointed for only
eight month sessional terms are women.
Currently, because of lack of continuity in
their appointments they are unable to
participate in the UBC pension plan, even if
they have worked at the university for
Last year there were 45 women as (full-
time) sessional faculty. None are eligible for
pension benefits.
Last winter, a senate committee on
awards found no trace of another committee proposed by the president — to consider
the creation of special funds for graduate
study fellowships to women who have been
out of school for at least five years.
The committee was also to provide
scholarships for women taking residency
training in the health sciences. They never
In March, 1976, Kenny set up a teaching
evaluation committee, 15 months after
senate had recommended one in Dec. 1974.
It had no women.
In 1977, the first annual report of the
AWA executive committee concluded that
"very little, if any action has been taken on
the recommendations of the Prang-Richards report. . . . While both Vogt and Kenny approved the idea (of a regular review of
women's salaries) at the time, so far as we
know the matter ended there."
In investigating salaries in nursing and
rehabilitation medicine, the report stated:
"Nothing was done either by the university
administration or the faculty association
until the initiative was taken by a few of our
members within the"school of nursing."
Out of UBC's top 69 salaries last year,
only  one  was  earned   by  a  woman   —
associate pediatrics professor Mavis
"I still think a woman has to be better
than a man to get the equivalent position,"
she says. "In the medical faculty, there are
very few women in critical appointments. If
it's their fault or not, I don't know."
Last year the total of full-time female
faculty in medicine was 43. For men, it was
Teasdale says she does not think there is
any overt discrimination in UBC's medical
faculty internally, or when judging women
as applicants for medical school. (Last year,
35 per cent of those registered in medicine
were women. In 1977/78 it was 40 per cent
and 23 per cent in 1976. These figures exclude rehabilitation medicine.)
In 1978, Elder made a representation to
the UBC board of governors asking that the
board look into discrimination against
women in general, and in particular at
UBC. Tnen-board chairman George Morfitt wrote Elder a letter in July assuring her
that the issue would remain an ongoing
concern of the board.
She has heard no other board response
on the matter since.
In commerce, there is a lack of female
representation within the faculty, but the
administration is aware of that, says commerce ombudsperson Joan Harrison. (Last
year, in commerce and business administration, total male faculty figure was 87; for
women, three.)
"The women faculty are good professors. But there's a gap, a void."
In the student population, commerce
women are very active, says Harrison. They
comprise 36 per cent of the first year class
and 16 per cent of the 1980 graduating
"Women in commerce have made quite
an impact," she says. "I haven't noticed a
lot of particularly aggressive ones who are
into  women's rights.  They're just  plain
competent students who happen to be
Harrison is the fifth woman to be commerce ombudsperson in six years. She's also
a mature student. The president of the commerce accounting club is a woman and
women are actively involved in the commerce undergraduate society council and
executive, she said. And out of 10 recent
business review scholarships, six were
awarded to women, she added.
In the law faculties a lot more women are
now enrolled than in the past, says Francis.
(Last year, women comprised 30.2 per cent
of total enrolment in law; in 1976, they
formed 26 per cent.)
Up until 1972, the law faculty had a male
only coffee room and women were not
allowed in, said Francis.
Last July, Janet Stein was appointed
UBC assistant dean of science. Despite her
new rank, she says there aren't enough
women in positions of power at UBC and
women with age and experience are not in
prominent university places.
"We're just not there yet," she says.
"The administration's not knocking
themselves out. I don't think we'll ever be
accepted equally."
Stein said she was caught "in complete
unawares" when dean Cy Finnegan approached her to become her assistant. "I
thought I'd never consider an administrative role. I was just happy teaching."
Kate Brearley, UBC arts senior faculty
advisor, says she is not satisfied enough has
been done at the university to put women in
decision-making positions.
"Women are going to have to prove
themselves. They have to work hard and be
more ready than men," she said. "We're
on the right road, we're working towards it.
We step back from time to time.
"We still have a long way to go."
The teaching role of women in arts and
education is strong, says Brearley, who has
worked in UBC's French department, dean
of women's office, don in residence and
about 10 years as senior faculty advisor.
But she thinks more women are needed on
UBC's government-appointed board and
more women should be encouraged to run
for election on senate.
"I'd like to see a woman president," she
Prang said she thinks it's very unlikely
UBC will have a woman president in the
near future because few senior female
academics are interested in that position.
"I think the real difficulties for women
are even getting started," she said. "It's
getting the qualifications that are the problem. It's going to get harder and harder
because there are less jobs."
Prang said she thinks society's status quo
view of women is changing, but added
paternalistic attitudes which reigned 30
years ago can still be found.
"I was once told by a senior historian in
Canada that it was alright for me to go into
graduate school in history. Then he said,
'You know, women can't lecture' as if it
was an accepted fact.
"I think you'd find that now. You can't
change centuries overnight."
Francis said she'd be happy just to see
one female vice-president at UBC. She added that having one or two women on the
board of governors is a start in enhancing
key roles for women, but the board's image
of "big business vs. individual people"
must be dismantled.
"They don't stand for women's issues.
Women haven't been able to participate on
an equal basis and in equal numbers in business."
Currently, one woman, Joy McCusker,
who is on UBC's health sciences centre
management committee, sits on the
15-member board. Her predecessor Ren-
dina   Hamilton   recently  left   the   board
See page 23: WOMEN'S
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 15 Others line up
for Kenny or Clyne
From page 8
But Kenny has never been one
to back down when his position is
under attack. Doug the Thug, as
he was labeled during his tenure as
arts dean, is not averse to- using
back ally tactics to swing important votes his way. He has more
political savvy when it comes to
UBC than any other member.
Kenny is annually rumored to
be headed for a civil service appointment in Ottawa, but the
demise of the Liberal government
seems to have halted those
whisperings for the time being.
Kenny specializes in personality
and learning, developmental
psychology and patterns of child
development. He is a former B.C.
Psychological Association president.
Kenny will be administration
president for at least three more
-:N ANDREWS — As the
board representative for non-
teaching staff, and president of
the campus local of the Canadian
Union of Public Employees, it
might be expected that Andrews
would often come into direct conflict with the other board
members. That's not true — not
quite, anyways.
Andrews is often at odds with
the business-dominated board, yet
is far from the "radical unionist"
image tagged on him by Clyne and
his cronies. Andrews finds himself,
caught in the middle as the staff
representative — Clyne won't
bother with him because he's
perceived to be radical, while his
fellow union members often
criticize him for not being forceful
or radical enough while dealing
with the board.
The other elected board
members look at Andrews as a
major asset on the board. And he
endeared himself with student
representatives when he was the
only member to stand up for Paul
Sandhu when the board decided
to give him the boot last December.
ETER PEARSE — Pearse is
another one of the board members
whom voters can expect to see on
their ballots in the near future.
Pearse is pure politics — he
knows the tactics and is more than
ready to jump into a board fray.
When he unexpectedly decided to
run for the second faculty seat last
year when most expected him to
contest the Liberal party nomination in Vancouver Quadra, Pearse
indicated he was prepared to delay
his entry into politics to show the
Liberals he had pull within the
university community.
Pearse lost the Liberal nod in
Quadra in 1974 to Frank Low-
Beer in a close vote.
A noted economist, Pearse is
also known for his lengthy studies
of the B.C. forest industry.
Although as a faculty representative he might be expected to
back Kenny in his battles with
Clyne and the appointees, Pearse
has shown no qualms over differing with Kenny.
ON RUSSELL — Russell
was cloned in the Kenny image.
Probably the president's strongest
supporter on the board, Russell
has often disagreed with Pearse,
the other faculty board member.
Like Kenny, Russell believes
that   education   quality   is   being
seriously threatened by Socred
Board insiders feel that Russell
would be a much better faculty
representative if he would only articulate his concerns to the board.
Russell is head of the
geophysics and astronomy department.
Weston is the one board appointment which is a potential time
bomb for McGeer.
Admittedly unfamiliar with the
problems of big universities,
Weston has proven to be a considerable distraction and buffoon
on the board.
But besides his apparent incompetence, Weston is in greater
trouble. He has found himself
smack dab in the middle of a
potentially explosive scandal involving a Langley land use report.
Weston was picked by the
board to head a one-man task
force on Wreck Beach. The three
public meetings held early in
November were unmitigated disasters, usually collapsing in confusion.
Weston is generally treated with
disdain by the other members,
who often openly ridicule him at
board meetings. And chairman
Peterson has probably lost a few
hairs trying to get Weston to control himself until it's his turn to
He has also been known to ask
questions like, "Are the professors  squelching   public   funds?"
which does nothing to endear him
self with Kenny.
%9 • A. P. McCLSKER — The
newest appointee, McCusker
replaces the often controversial,
always bizarre Rendina Hamilton
as the only woman on the board.
A token appointment, McCusker is definitely a Socred supporter and is expected to back
Clyne when it comes to academic
Armstrong is widely believed to be
interested in a job with the university sometime after his graduation.
It has been a difficult year for
Armstrong, who has been attacked by fellow student politicians
for accepting administration
money to supply student services,
and for failing to stand up to the
board's position on cutbacks, tuition fees and accessibility.
While one of his major campaign promises was to battle this
year's raise in tuition fees, Armstrong let it be known to the other
board members soon after arriving that he would not oppose a
"reasonable" increase.
Armstrong is ambitious and
works hard for the things he
believes in — it's just that those
ambitions often stand in the way
of student interests.
has spent a very quiet time on the
board, unlike two of his student
representative predecessors, Paul
Sandhu and Moe Sihota.
While Wong feels he is presenting a competent moderate stance
of student views before the board,
he has been criticized for not even
speaking out strongly in favor of
such bread-and-butter student
issues like tuition and cutbacks.
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Special Edition, Page 16
Friday, December 7, 1979 Taxi driver
A tale of Mantovani, flagellated caribou
and Herbert Gruber's World of Fish
It was a terrible situation. I'd
just been fired by my boss at
Cremendible Utilities Ltd., a man
by the name of Mustapha Hern.
Cruel, petty, and vindictive yet
somehow fair, he had dismissed
me for being too productive.
"But I've processed over 8,796
Crun units in the last three days,"
I protested.
"Which is exactly why you're
being fired. I hate anus-licking
over-achievers like you. Now get
out before I apply these pliers to
your excessive cranium."
As I left, a pail of vomit was
dumped on me, a charming
reminder of the days when all
employees in the cremendible field
were given a bucket of slop, a
toothbrush and a smile upon terminating their employment.
Cast out on the street, I began
my search for a new job. Absent-
mindedly I crossed one of the
city's larger thoroughfares and
was nearly wiped out by a taxi. I
yelled an insult at the driver
whereupon he stopped his car and
got out. As he walked towards me
I couldn't help but notice his regal
air and elegant apparel. His
fingers were weighed down with
expensive jewellery and when he
spoke his voice betrayed an
educated and cultivated sensibility.
"You silly person. How dare
you refer to me as a wombat. I
should grind you into an
unrecognizable mass of jelly, as is
my privilege according to the Taxi
Convention of Geneva. However I
happen to be a singularly
Wonderful Human Being. So I am
going to give you a second chance.
Get in."
"Where are we going? What is
this?" I asked.
My queries were silenced as
soon as he put on a Mantovani
tape. It was as if he knew exactly
what music would render me comatose instantly.
When I awoke I was in a small,
brightly-lit room with no windows. A door opened and an
emaciated man with ash-grey skin
"Another subject, eh? I don't
suppose you know why you've
been brought here. Well I'll tell
you. This is how we recruit taxi
"What a curious method," I
"Curious perhaps, but uniquely
effective. Heinrich, the drugs."
A rather odd smelling little man
emerged from the woodwork with
a tray of pharmaceutical wonderment, containing every known
consciousness-altering substance,
legal or illegal.
He put the tray down and gazed
at me maniacally, his chin
vibrating uncontrollably. I was instantly repelled by this loathsome
"Oh, don't mind him," the
first man assured me. "He's quite
sane you know. Just like you and
Somehow this failed to make
me feel at ease and I continued to
squirm nervously.
He produced a large syringe
from a back pocket and Filled it
with a pale blue solution from the
"Here now, this won't hurt a
bit . . ."
I tried to wriggle free from my
bonds but my captors weren't going to let me escape easily.
"If you so much as move one
inch while I administer the drugs,
I'll pull this lever which opens a
trap door in the ceiling and we'll
all be crushed by dictionaries!"
cautioned the man with the syringe.
"Dictionaries, yes," murmured
his assistant.
I could see I was dealing with
fanatics so I decided not to resist.
The needle pierced my skin and
the pale blue fluid oozed into my
vein. I felt an immediate sensation
of heightened awareness coupled
with an inexpressible longing to be
a cog in a tachometer at the Indy
"Oh yes, it seems to be working," my hosts agreed. "We must
find a car for him right away."
As they searched their lists for a
suitable vehicle in which to launch
me on my career of pushing hack,
I grew more and more restless.
Sweat trickled down my forehead,
down my nose, across my upper
lip and around my mouth to my
chin where I wiped it away with an
old copy of the Watchtower that
was handily lying about.
"Let's give him car 66," the
taxi supervisor (for this was the
official title of my tormentor)
chortled. "We haven't had a
fatality involving it in weeks."
I could now grasp the insane
logic behind their plan. Find an
out-of-work klutz and get him so
speedy that his only way out is to
drive cab for them. Add to this the
fact that while I was unconscious
they'd managed to forge my
driver's licence on an agreement
to sell 5,300 sets of Herbert
Gruber's World of Fish or drive
cab for them. The fiends.
They released me and accompanied me to a waiting vehicle that
looked like the one they buried Al
Capone in. Sensing my disappointment, they consoled me by
pointing out that very few people
got to drive this particular cab as
it was used primarily as a target at
the Proving Grounds outside of
I got in and drove away, totally
ignorant of what I was doing.
I soon settled into the boring
regiment of the taxi trade and
managed to get my first fare
without too much difficulty. He
was a defrocked minister who
kept lecturing me on the ten lost
tribes of Israel and how Righteous
Greenland would arise and wash
the world's sins away in a tide of
bromide. After haranguing me for
the whole trip, he got out at a sexual equipment shop. Whipping
caribou, he said, was a proven
method of reaching God.
In the following days I encountered many strange and unique individuals. Some claimed to
have divine and extrasensory
powers that would aid me in my
work. One kind woman suggested
that I attach a haddock to my
forehead, thus enabling me to
penetrate the veils of delusion that
lie between the Here and Portugal.
One day a gentleman carrying a
briefcase got into the cab and
started to rave madly about people chasing him and the need for
him to move very fast in a certain
"It's them, you see, they're out
to get me. I've got to get back to
my secluded retreat on the edge of
town. If you get me there before
five I'll reward you well."
1 hesitated a moment, not
knowing if I wanted to take on the
challenge of transporting a man
whose existence was scheduled to
be terminated.
In an effort to convince me of
his essentially good nature he
whipped out a hookah about the
size of a lampstand.
See page 19: TAXICAB
Directed by ROBERT WISE Ccwv"*" O MCMLXXix t,, Pa^mouni Phiiuto CorporKan Al P.«/ks RefiervM "
Afaraman Raire jj
DEC. 7th ^
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 17 CARTER . . . body and soul and all that jazz
Scat-singing Carter
radiates experience
Betty Carter has steadfastly
refused to sacrifice integrity for
the fast buck.
Carter has performed with such
diverse stars as Miles Davis, Ray
Charles and Ike and Tina Turner
without attaining their broad
popular appeal. Fortunately for
Betty Carter and her growing
cadre of followers, that situation
is changing.
In the last few years the media
has finally diverted its attention
from the glittering disco queens
and painted leather-clad punkettes
to a woman who can blow them
all off the stage by merely arranging an eyebrow. Vancouver gets a
glimpse Tuesday.
Rolling Stone, Time and
Downbeat among many others,
have all run extensive stories
about the petite jazz singer known
as Betty Bebop. With varying
vocabularies, the magazines trace
her 34-year career in a manner
surprisingly free of hype.
An assertive, experienced and
above all sincere approach to music communicates itself to the interviewer and travels, unchanged,
from her lips to the written page.
Several /ears ago Carter was
playing an engagement at the
Lighthouse, Los Angeles' oldest
jazz club. It amazed me that a
sophisticated city of eight million
people couldn't fill a 100 seat
club.   At   intermission,   1   asked
Carter   why   she   hadn't   visited
Vancouver in her travels.
With a heavy sigh she answered
that she loved playing for west
coast audiences but that she was
expected to pay for all her expenses herself. Garter, detailing a
recent engagement in San Francisco, told of having to pay her
own airfare from New York and
back again. As we spoke a few
well-dressed gentlemen with
smiles as flashy as their rings approached Carter with recording
contract offers that suggested sexual come-on rather then financial
shop talk.
She held them at bay with a
disarming but resistant grin that
she obviously had used many
times. Carter is not fond of record
promo men. As with her music,
she has chosen to do things her
way and issue records under her
own Bet-Car label and distrubute
them from her home.
A mother with two teenage
sons, Carter's marriage eventually
broke up over her insistence that
music come first and money second.
Her story is not new in the long
list of black jazz artists who have
fought commercial and social
pressures and pursued the pure
sound of their own horn.
Unlike the tragic Billie Holiday,
whom she often pays homage to in
song, Carter hasn't fallen victim
to the drug nightmare that haunts
so many great musicians. Neither
has she moved into the newer, im-
provisational forms which appeal
to singers like Jeanne Lee or
■Sheila Jordan. Carter is solidly entrenched in the bebop school, scat
singing songs like Charlie Parker
played the saxophone — crazy,
wild and fast.
When she turns Jo ballads she
sings about men, about loving
them with body and soul and
aching with longing when they are
gone. Unable to live with them or
without them, her life story proves
that she isn't caught in a '40s
or '50s sexual role but her songs
aspire to a tender exchange between men and women that
doesn't fit into the '60s or '70s
me-first attitude.
Independent, uncompromising
and endlessly arresting Carter first
appeared in Vancouver last year in
the Queen Elizabeth Playhouse,
where she delivered two lengthy
performances back to back. The
audiences, most of whom had
heard of her only second hand,
responded with a rare vigor
bordering on cult fanaticism.
To ease the strain on the artist
and to allow the growing number
of local admirers a chance at a
seat the Vancouver Jazz Society is
booking her into the larger Q.E.
Theatre for a single extended
On Tuesday Betty Carter promises to give Vancouver music
lovers the best Christmas present
they're likely to get — a slice of a
legend at its peak.
Coarse language and swearing;  occa "
sional violence. B.C   Du.
12:45 3:00 5:10
7:30 9:50
Sunday from 3:00
682  7468
Odeon    2:00    4:00
6:00 8:00 10:00 daily
70 7 W. BROADWAY Broadway 7:30 9;30,
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7:30 9:40
CAMBIE at 18th
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DUNBAR  at  30th
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4375   W.  10th
SHOWTIMES: 7:30 9:30
 Special Sunday Matinee
ORPHEUS."   The   1959
Cannes Grand  Prix winner at 2 p m. only.
Occasional   bloody   scenes.
B.C. Dir.        SHOWTIMES:
17:15 9:15
|70 7   W. BROADWAY
Picnic at
Hanging Rock
The Oasis in a Desert of
Regular Sizing
%i% 'it fall
Special Edition, Page 18
Friday, December 7, 1979 Taxicab terror
turns to delight
From page 17
"Is the Ayatollah senile?" I
responded according to the conventions of popular Youth
He proceeded to fill the bowl
with a verdant mixture of the illicit herb that oozed forth a
delicate aroma reminiscent of the
pleasure domes of Tamerland or
downtown Katmandu.
Passing the pipe back and forth
I gradually became aware of
millions of leeches trying to worm
their way into my drug numbed
"By Crowley," I ejaculated,
"what's in that stuff? The last
time I was this swacked was when
I was an unwitting participant in a
government experiment."
"Well, if you must know, in
addition to the finest Tibetan yak
hemp I took the liberty of blen-
■ ding some Albanian opium from
1 the stash of Enver Hoxha himself
with some choice Javan junk plus
a small dash of a new drug I've
synthesized at my research farms
in Guatemala. I call it Andrenoo-
| pentamethanol. Oh it makes my
glands feel good."
As I accelerated along the
freeway that I'd by now found
myself upon, I realized that I was
not in control. Some Other Force
had seized my body and was caus-
j ing it to act in a manner that it
wouldn't normally. But what was
j normal now, since my mental
state has been so altered as to
resemble not so much as a large
slice of tuna?
The landscape altered its appearance as we went along until 1
thought I was trapped in a
linoleum tabletop. My passenger,
silent until now, began to make
"I don't suppose you know
why I'm in such a hurry. Well, it's
like this. My wife is being held
prisoner by a group of Rastafarian
Trotskyists somewhere in
Delaware. I need her. She's got
the keys to my safe which contains
documents from one of the
world's most renowned
alchemists, Lothar T. Murrhk. If
I don't get the documents within
two days every man, woman and
child on the planet will develop
whooping cough and severe rectal
itch and civilization as we know it
i will come to an end. So the Haile
Davidovich Brigade are after me
because I'm the only person who
has access to this knowledge."
"Do you mean to say that the
HDB wants the world to suffer
! such an ignominious fate?
| "Who are you anyway?" I asked,  my  curiosity  causing  me  to
[abandon    momentarily    my
j customary tact and discretion.
"I am none other than the Dalai
Lama himself, arch-potentate of
; the Netherworld and all around
nice guy." At this he started to
take little green pills from a vial
and consume them greedily.
"Would you like some?" he
"No thanks, I've got my requisite supply of chemical aids.
I'm pretty high on ether as it is
and I've had at least three mickeys
of Colonel Henry's Artichoke
Stunner. I'm doing alright."
"Well, I can see that you are a
connoisseur. But this particular
substance is especially useful in
your trade. It lits you see at night
as if it were daytime and causes
women to be attracted irresistibly
to your presence. Makes you feel
good too. I feel fine. Just fine.
Fine fine."
By this time I'd begun to write
off the Dalai as just another case,
another living example of urban
decay. But something about him
seemed, well, different. Never
mind the drool oozing uncontrolled from his mouth. Forget the
word "Pittsburgh" etched all over
his face. He was a man about to
have a rendezvous with destiny.
Which probably explains why he
suddenly leapt out of the car and
right into the path of an oncoming
I went on my way, by now so
desensitized by what I'd seen in
the course of work that the Dalai's
demise seemed perfectly routine. I
was, however, now being chased
by members of the Haile
Davidovich Brigade. I knew how
to deal with these insidious
pseudo-Garveyites. Reaching into
my ever-present stash, I drew out
a sheaf of top quality Jamaican
wonder weed, opened the window
and threw the dope onto the road.
As I sped off I could see the crazed Rastas stop their car and jump
onto the weed with enthusiasm
they normally reserved for doctrinal disputes.
The Dalai had left his pills on
the seat so I decided to give his
supposed wonder drug a try. Jaded though I was, I was not
prepared for the sensual onslaught
that greeted me upon consuming
the vial's contents. Instead of the
cheap death trap that I'd been
driving, I was now comfortably
ensconced in a Silver Cloud. Two
voluptuous females on either side
of me (no mean feat when you're
driving), a fully equipped bar with
bartender, and a string quartet
somewhere towards the rear of the
vehicle made the scene complete.
Suddenly the taxi trade seemed
more alluring. I decided to take a
long cruise with Lhasa as my
ultimate destination. I threw my
meter out the window.
From page 9
the children of student parents
have their troubles too.
Gail Bexton of Acadia camp
says many children find it difficult
to adjust to the transiet lifestyle
of the university and have problems forming lasting friendships
with children their own age.
"It's a very transient society.
The children have friends for only
a couple of years. They are just interlopers who come into their
lives. My own son looks forward
to moving because everyone else
is," says Bexton.
And Ford says there is lack of
facilities to help university
children cope with their lifestyle.
"The children are in an area for a
short period of time and it seems
that there should be more facilities
to help them cope."
But McMurchy, who was
brought up in an air force family,
says she believes the children can
adjust to their lifestyle. "There's
quite a transient rate here. You
have a limited stay of five years in
residence. But there's not much of
a problem in forming friends.
There's lots of children around.
She said despite the problems of
being single, a student and a
parent there was nothing else she
would rather do.
"I'm not looking forward to
graduting. I love this area and I
wouldn't want to live anywhere
10% Discount
 for    all    students    on
hairstyling by Noelle and Terry with
presentation of this ad. Offer expires Dec. 7, 1979.
ken hippert
hair company ltd.
(next to the Lucky Dollar
in the Village)
kDROP IN OR CALL 228-1471,
Unfortunately the bozo
who wrote the headline
had a terrible stutter. But
never-the-less, his info was
correct. For a great and
inexpensive Xmas bash head
to V. V. V. I? J. Burger & Sons.
15 classic burgers. And other
great stufffff. 2966 W.4th Ave.
bv Bavswater. Open daily
from l'l:30a.m. Call 734-8616.
Double offset quilted POLARGUARD
vest with double front closure and
cargo-warmer pockets. Stay WARM
even when WET!    $43.50.
Single quilted Dacron II filled heavy du
ty hiking vest with durable 60/40 outer
lining $34.50
Goose down filled quilted outdoor
vest. Every expensive feature at a low
price $44.50
Macbean thermal vesl. New synthetic
pile insulation    $34.90
.1. Ultra
Pioneer P10066/
L~*_ 3425 West Broadway.Afencouver 738-312
SUB 266 — Now/
*1800 a month
passes available
January passes on sale until Jan. 11/80
February passes on sale until Feb. 8/80
March passes on sale until March 7/80
April passes on sale until April 7/80
v*      ' xVs/
* „x-   ,t*£i\^,/$&£• ,* «rt&fei$ifo£ Z.i/-<>\,  .'
AMS Business Office SUB 266
AMS card and cash s18 00
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 19 Secrecy and fear haunt
Chilean university halls
From page 12
theology was suspended for a
semester for defending 365
students arrested during a
demonstration earlier in the year.
A week before my arrival in
Chile, a professor at the Technical
University was arrested and tortured for five days. He died four
hours after his release.
Nine technical students told me
about the difficulties students at
the university have experienced.
There are still armed guards on
campus, and every student activity
is carefully monitored and quickly
squished if not approved.
Half humorously, one student
was telling me about an event
earlier this year. "Things got so
bad," he said, "one of the main
leaders    even    disappeared    for
several days. He was arrested by
the DINA."
"Wasn't that you?" another
student asked.
His normally cheerful face
clouded for a moment. Then he
said, "Yes." And quickly moved
the conversation along.
A student I met in the south had
been in prison for more than a
year, during which he spent
several months blindfolded, gagged and bound, totally cut off from
any physical sensation of the
I got a taste of how this has affected students, when 1 visited the
campus in Valparaiso, a coastal city.
Instead of the hubbub of
discussion, arguments, shouted
greetings which are normal in the
halls of Canada's post-secondary
institutions, the halls and
walkways were full of small
groups of two or three people,
speaking together in hushed voices
which abruptly stopped when we
drew near. Two undercover DINA
agents were pointed out to me
during my few hours actually on
A young science student asked
me to be sure and mention
"Canelo," a newsletter published
by students at the school in
Valparaiso. When asked why, he
said, "It helps us keep publishing
if students in other countries
know we exist. That way, if
something happens the authorities
know people will be asking where
it went, what happened."
See page 22: MILITARY
dont woftRY Bill,-
we're behind you
UBC's Information
and Crisis Centre's
for volunteers for 1980
January 11 and 12
Apply to Speakeasy, SUB Main Mall
Mon.-Fri. 11:30-11:30, Sat. 5:30-8:30
Our best value on these attractive drapes. 72x30, 48x45,
48x36, 48x30, 24x30
TO SELL $5.95 pr.
Regular $19.95
Our Price $9.95
Regular $12.00
Our Price $3.45
DOUBLE $15.95
SINGLE $10.95
SAVE 50%
Bargain Bin
5064 Victoria Dr.
New and Used
Cash For Books—Texfs, Paperbacks, Etc.
We Trade Used Pocketbooks
Located Near the Varsity Theatre at
4393 W. 10th Ave. Open 11 a.m. - 7:00 p.m.
Fine Diamond
Choose your diamond from our selection of loose
gems, direct from the cutting works. Then have
your diamond mounted in a setting of your choice
or design.
By appointment only Ph. 438-2369
Friday, Dec. 7
Celebrate the End of Classes!
4:00 • 8:00 p.m.
Buchanan Lounge
hair co. ltd.
(Next to Lucky Dollar Store)
Special Edition, Page 20
Friday, December 7, 1979 #*+*«>J//Cr%
*y±±*j 7»>
"Why don't you see how your little brother is getting on with his "Young Scientist"
Atomic Mutation kit."
"Now didn't the nice salesman say to leave the little button on 'stun'?"
Christmas gifts
from Bonderoff
— for the punk
who has everything
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 21 Military junta
runs lives
From page 20
Fascism, in Chile, is very
thorough. It is not just the government that is anti-democratic.
Those student organizations that
exist, are run by students appointed by the military
authorities. Without the approval
of these groups, students can't
book university rooms or advertise their events on campus. These
"official" student organizations
also police the students, threatening and informing on those
students who oppose the junta.
It is in this atmosphere that the
cultural association, and now
other democratic student
organizations have been trying to
bring students and young people
together. When its posters were
outlawed by the official student
council, three people, each wearing a letter (A-C-U) ran through
the cafeterias and halls, to advertise an association event.
It has not been easy. Each time
the culture group organizes an
event, 20 per cent of all income
goes directly to the junta. And
there is no event at all if the police
don't give their permission.
"We were afraid of the
authorities, but we were always
very public," said Roberto. "Our
version was we wanted to converse
with the authorities because it
wasn't us who were operating outside the law.
"Ironically the government that
decides the legality of organizations like us, is completely illegal
itself." (Chile has been functioning with no constitution and no
egal system beyong "legal
Iccrccs" passed by the junta,
since the coup in 1973.)
The group's goals are simple
and virtually impossible to achieve
in Chile today. It tries to preserve
and develop Chile's cultural
heritage and stimulate artistic
creativity and new forms of expression. The members would also
ike to recover some of the rights
that ended with the coup — weeks
of cultural, artistic and sporting
activities in which classes would
be cancelled and students would
participate fully.
He described one event which
led to the association's eventual
"We decided to bring someone
in to sing and play in the
cafeteria," he said. "We had
three meetings to figure out how
to get the guitar in there. Finally
we decided one person would bring the guitar in a car, another
would carry the guitar from the
car to the singer, a third would
But even with all the planning,
it took three tries for the event to
"The first time, the guy with
the car was too afraid, and took
off. The second time, the person
with the guitar arrived in the
cafeteria, but the singer had fled!
The third time, it finally worked
From this small event, groups
began to form throughout the
university and in 1977 the folklore
workshop organized by engineering students, initiated the
organization which was to become
the cultural association, the first
broad-based democratic student
organization to exist since the
"Culture was very important to
us after the coup," said Roberto.
"By bringing us together it helped
overcome the fear everyone felt. It
is also helping to build a spirit of
youth and hope, a difficult task in
Chile today."
In 1976 a law prohibiting all
meetings and publications not
authorized by the junta-appointed
student organizations, was passed. Until 1977, it was difficult for
ACU to establish any contact with
the students it was trying to involve.
In March 1978, students from
workshops throughout the university met for a day of discussion of
the association, its goals and how
it would function.
They decided they wanted an
organization which was "broad-
based, democratic and
autonomous from other organization" — a tall order, in a country
where fascism has attended to
every detail, and democratic
organizations of any kind are illegal.
The association quickly became
the only broad-based organization
independent of the government.
Relations with the university
authorities — all military appointees — became increasingly
But the cultural group continued to function as a public
organization, sponsoring art
displays, theatre festivals and
musical events some of which had
to be held outside in the cold,
because the university refused to
give them space.
When it was outlawed by the
administration before its second
national theatre festival, the
association persisted.
"We answered with an open letter to the rector. We said we were
open to speak with the administration. We have done very good
work. They had to recognize our
good work and our right to exist,"
said Roberto.
There have been important successes: the various festivals of
theatre, art and music. Cultural
groups are now being formed at
the universities in other major
Chilean centres. And the original
association at the university in
Santiago now has workshops in all
the major schools of the university, from physics and agriculture to
But association organizers are
expecting another wave of repression on the heels of the festival
described earlier. What can be
International support has
literally been a matter of life or
death to the many Chileans working for a return to democracy in
their country. Canadian students
who want to give support can
write letters demanding the information of disappeared people.
Write to the junta (copies to our
own external affairs minister
Flora MacDonald). Participation
in fund-raising and support-
oriented events held here in
Canada is also a valuable way of
helping young people in Chile.
Canadian student organizations
are being asked to recognize the
association's role as a democratic
student organization working in
the area of culture. So far, the
B.C. Student Federation and the
Federation of Alberta Students
have done so. Representatives of
Ontario and the National Union
of Students will be deciding later
this month.
After the game, after the
. exam, after anything...
the group gropes better
at RJ. Burger & Sons. Home
of 15 classic burgers. And
other great stuff. 2966 W 4th
Ave: by Bayswater. Open
daily from 11:30a.m.
Void where prohibited by law.
hair studio inc.
master charge
5784 University (next to Bank of Commerce)
We major in taste.
Our brewmastcr's finest achievement
Special Edition, Page 22
Friday, December 7,1979 Women's fight
tough slogging
From page 15
after a B.C. government appointment to the Universities Council
of B.C.
UBC is not the only Vancouver
institution with paternalistic attitudes and discrimination. Even at
Simon Fraser University, where
Canada's first woman president
Pauline Jewett, was appointed,
male attitudes currently prevail on
the board.
"The men are all very nice, but
patronizing," says 29-year-old
Reva Clavier, sole woman SFU
board member. "They compliment you on what you're doing
and compliment you on what
you're wearing in the same
She said it takes a lot for male
board colleagues to admit she has
performed well on a project. They
assume a woman is really exceptional if she does a good job, she
"It puts a lot of pressure on
you. You shouldn't have to feel
that if you fail, all women fail.
"You almost feel as if you have
to compromise and wear grey
flannel suits and be ugly," she
said. "I always wear high heels
and look them right in the eye."
Former UBC dean of women
Margaret Fulton, who is currently
president of Mt. St. Vincent University in Halifax, said she thinks
SFU president George Pedersen is
very open-minded about women
and has done a lot more consciousness-raising than many
"Simon Fraser is more innovative," she said in a telephone interview from Halifax. "When they
hired Jewett they knew they had
to break out of the ruling clique.
She broke the structure and won.
I think it's possible.
"At UBC you're fighting such a
long tradition, such a structured
system. 1 would like to see more
women on the board, as department heads, deans and in the vice-
presidency — right through the
"Until then, women students
can't feel adequately
Fulton left  UBC in   1978 and
said then that he,   first years a
UBC  dean   of  women   were   extremely frustratii g.
"1 felt veiy mu, h a second-class
citizen," she says now. "I felt 1
didn't have any real clout and that
was the way the rest of the male
deans perceived me."
She says other deans did not
consider her a bona fide dean because she had neither a faculty or
a hefty faculty budget. She said
while serving as UBC dean of women she was not invited to the crucial deans' committee meetings.
"I don't know how you fight
that. Until we have really got 50
per cent women all through the
system, you still need a special position, such as dean," she said.
"It's like affirmative action.
We're going to have to force them
to give women a chance."
She said she is distressed that
the dean of women's office was
eliminated and renamed the women students' office. Women
must be allowed to sit on councils
with men and have the same input, she says.
Fulton said arts dean Robert
Will gave her solid support while
she was dean of women and added
that she is pleased Kenny and
Vogt put money into resources for
a women students' office. But as
a dean of women, Fulton says she
was trying to integrate women's
counselling and academic life and
coordinate   women's   programs,
which is much more difficult without academic status.
Woolsey, Fulton's replacement
as director of women students' office, says in her current position it
would be very helpful to sit on a
dean's committee and have a voice
in academic decisions.
She said that regardless of title,
the advocacy role of the women's
office is crucial. The office's current ombudsperson role must be
maintained along with its counselling services, she said. But it's too
soon to tell what kind of administration support will appear for the
office's advocacy role, because
the office has not gotten to the
"nitty gritty" of that mandate
yet, she added.
The change from dean to director is "irreproachable" because a
dean's academic status gives a person immunity to speak freely, says
Woolsey's assistant Lynda Erickson.
Gillian Walker, the other assistant to the director, says it's often
frustrating to work while tied to
the UBC administration.
"It's slow," she says. "It's
hard to see results."
Walker and Erickson insist that
the office is sensitive to women's
issues and that every woman student's individual problem is recognized and dealt with.
UBC student services distributes a 48-page booklet informing
female students that faculties traditionally dominated by men are
now open to women. Sent to high
schools across B.C., the booklet
includes comments from deans
and personal career tales from
UBC women graduates and female students currently enrolled
on campus.
"We definitely make women a
high priority," says student services director Dick Shirran. Half
the office counsellors are women
and information in a resource library is available to all women on
campus, he says.
"We see about 8,500 students a
year and over half are women."
Many women at UBC see positive solutions to improving the
status of women on this campus.
But most agrt j that faculty and
administration must take a firm
stand in acknowledging women as
a high priority before massive progress takes place. Here are some
of their proposals:
• encourage women, whether
working mothers, mature or
young high school students to apply at UBC;
• improve female representation in all faculties — hire more
• create better funding for women with family burdens who
need support;
• conduct a yearly study and
review of women's salaries and
when needed, increase them to
achieve parity with similar male
• encourage women to apply
for prominent positions, run for
council positions, committee
memberships, etc.;
• advocate an affirmative action program to promote capable
women to higher levels; and,
• keep non-discrimination,
non-sexism and the status of
women at UBC a continuous, active issue.
If all women were as easy to
label, categorize and file away as
postage stamps, we'd be in big
trouble. But as long as they're under the thumb of someone else,
their position is lucidly made
clear. They're stuck.
And they won't be judged on
their face value.
A highly touted look at the stuff
that men and women sacrifice
their homes, their hearts, and
their humanity for.
"Dope Millionaire" — A
billion dollars in a gym bag, an
Uzi machine gun, and a hot tub
filled and ready to go.
"Bitch Goddesses " — Meet
Sue Ann, Goddess of Success, in
the Back Seat of a Car.
"The Little Engine That Did"
— A successful young choochoo
train pays the price for a stackfull
of toot.
"Closet at the Top" — The
pressures of an assistant relief
manager of one of America's most
dynamic grocery stores.
"The Woman's Undress for
Success Book" — A delightful
peek at the hard-driving
businesswoman from a number of
interesting angles.
Applications fo. < raduate fellowships are invited
from candidates intending to study full-time in a
graduate program leading to a master's or doctoral
degree at Concordia University. Academic merit,
broadly interpreted, is the prime consideration in
granting of awards. Financial need is not taken
into account.
These awards are valued at up to $7000 a year,
plus basic tuition, and may in some cases be
renewed for up to three years.
Additional information and application forms are
available from the:
Graduate Studies Office
Concordia University
1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W.
Montreal, Quebec    H3G 1M8
Tel: (514) 879-7314
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 23 World passed us by
as UBC went disco
From page 11
math prof George Bluman refused
to teach engineers after racist
jokes appeared in a gear newsletter.
In the fall of 1972 student
returned to find a new provincial
government after the New
Democratic Party ended W. A. C.
Bennett's 20 years of rule. Gage
residence opened and both the
garbage chutes and the elevators
were quickly jammed. The pool
referendum passed narrowly and
Sedgewick library threatened to
collapse shortly after opening
because a steel beam had not been
Students pressed the issue of
representation at the faculty level
and protested the imposition of a
$3 fee for Recreation UBC. Gears
were banned from the Jolly Alderman pub but welcomed in the
United States, where their Wally
Wagon took top honors in an urban car contest.
In 1973-74 we were all saved
from terminal boredom by a brief
onslaught of streaking, but the
other issues were familiar ones. A
Swan Wooster proposal to save
Wreck Beach was blasted at public-
hearings, 13 music profs complained their department head was
incompetent, and English head
Robert Jordan admitted hiring
Americans before advertising in
Canadian journals. Education
wizard John Bremer was fired by
the NDP and then-arts dean Doug
Kenny told his faculty not enough
students were failing certain
Oh, yes — after numerous
delays due to union jurisdictional
disputes, the Pit found a permanent home in a cavern in the basement of SUB.
Those who struggled back for
1974-75 discovered Kenny had
been named as the next administration president in their
absence. UBC professors considered, then rejected unionization, the Tri-University Meson
Facility opened, and the rentalsman said UBC residences were
covered by the Landlord and Tenant Act. English professor Geof
Durrant said UBC students have
"singularly blank minds" and
blamed it on the education
Librarian Basil Stuart-Stubbs
proposed building a data centre
on a grassy area northwest of
SUB, a Ubyssey spoof had local
^cnedia reporting bank robber Patty Hearst was on campus, and the
housing department investigated
buying downtown hotels to house
UBC students.
In Sept. 1975 Doug Kenny was
officially installed as administration president and told the
gathered throngs the university
should not be subject "to undue
external pressures to serve immediate, so-called practical
ends." He said later UBC could
"aid the movement towards a
non-sexist society by placing more
women in teaching positions."
A $35 million luxury apartment
complex was planned for the endowment lands while Vancouver
mayor Art Phillips told UBC
students they should be content to
live in spare rooms with
homeowners. Kenny said Point
Grey and Dunbar should be
Moshe Dayan talked in SUB
and caused a minor riot, vice-
president Erich Vogt was attacked
over his sexist attitudes towards
women's safety on campus, and
Kenny denied he had a
speechwriter. "Do you think I
need one?" he asked a Ubyssey
Local poet and UBC lecturer
Pat Lowther went missing and her
body was later found in a creek on
the Squamish Highway. Students
held a one-day strike to protest the
new Socred car insurance rates
and education minister Pat
McGeer told them to sell their
cars. Joe Clark was elected Conservative leader, Bill Vander Zalm
said women make the best cooks
and housewives and should be encouraged in that role, and the
Montreal   Canadiens   and    the
Soviet Red Army tied 3-3 on New
Year's Eve in what many consider
the best ice hockey game ever.
Students in 1976-77 had a new
watering hole as a licensed pizza
parlor opened in the SUB
cafeteria, but lost the Pit and
Lethe for three weeks after RCMP
complaints about vandalism. The
mounties also invaded a private
room in Toten park and were later
Groups chanting "Fascists have
no right to speak" disrupted
speeches by visiting South African
MP Harry Schwarz, and the administration attempted to fire a
librarian over the incident.
Simon Fraser University
teaching assistants moved for a
union, 21 Canadians were arrested
for protesting the nuclear submarine base at Bangor, Wash.,
and the Parti Quebecois took
power in Quebec.
Longtime football coach Frank
Gnup died early in the year, and
dean of women Margaret Fulton
blasted the administration for its
lack of support for women's
groups on campus.    .
The university turned totally in
on itself as the decade progressed.
In 1977-78 the big issues were
moonlighting by professors and
voting irregularities in a student
board of governors election.
Former student politician Stan
Persky challenged lumber baron
and strike-breaker J.V. Clyne for
the chancellor nomination and
lost, while McGeer threatened to
eliminate student representation
on university bodies. Dean of
women Margaret Fulton quit to
become president of Mt. St. Vincent University in Halifax, and
Kenny blasted the engineers about
the Lady Godiva ride.
In  1978-79 the news was again
centred on internal problems, with
English head Robert Jordan once
more involved in a dispute over
hiring Americans.  Walter Gage,
UBC's   "dean   of   everything", j
died after a long bout with cancer, j
the indoor pool finally opened, j
and The Ubyssey turned 60.
HUMAN GOVERNMENT . . . loved by nature, rejected by students
Student Discounts
A mother bakes luscious
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Mother presents pie to kid.
He looks at it and screams,
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OPEN through the week
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day *1.B0; additional lines 36c.
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Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. WT1WS
5 — Coming Events
A FRESH APPROACH to the knowledge
that ends all conflict; a discussion of self,
awareness with Riley White. Please call
10 — For Sale — Commercial
COMMUNITY SPORTS. Excellent prices for
ice skates, hockey, soccer, jogging and racquet sports equipment. 733-1612. 3615
West Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.
POSTERS, reproductions, photo blowups,
largest selection. The Grin Bin. 3209 West
Broadway, Van. 738-2311. Opposite Super
FLOWER POWER HONEY here again. Stop
along University Blvd., get your supply today. 263-7080.
"Where friends meet"
Classical and folk music
2505 Alma
(Corner W. Broadway & Alma)
80 — Tutoring
find a tutor at Speakeasy's Tutorial Centre.
Located at Speakeasy in SUB. Open Mon-
Fri, 11:30-11:30
85 - Typing
HOCKEY SPECIAL. Twelve or more
polyester jerseys, $10.95; nylon mesh,
$12.95. Price includes numbering. C.C.M.
Super Tacks, $159.50. Name brand sticks
from $4.95 up. 3615 West Broadway,
11 — For Sale — Private
1969 COUGAR. Excellent condition, automatic, power steering, power disc brakes,
sun roof, cassette AM-FM. One owner.
$3,000 ONO. 685-6881 after 6:00.
HANDBUILT electric guitar with case.
DiMarzio pickups. Phone 224-9017.
HARDLY USED Marantz Amp receiver
20 watts. $220. Phone 228-3967.
CONFUSED by choosing? Come browse
through Speakeasy's 'ree typing centre
listing most typists on campus. Speakeasy
SUB Mon-Fri 11:30-11:30
READING. EDITING, typing services
Books, theses, essays, reports, etc. Expert
assistance offerred at reasonable rates.
TYPING 80c per page. Fast and accurate.
Experienced typist Phone Gordon,
TYPING. Essays, theses, manuscripts,
including technical, equational, reports, letters, resumes. Fast accurate. Bilingual.
Clemy 324-9414
20 — Housing
FAST    EFFICIENT   typing.    Reasonable
rates. 266 5053
details call after 5:30 and weekends,
35 - Lost
LOST—Ladies   triple   gold   chain   bracelet.
Phone 224-5506, ask for Pam.
40 — Messages
HAPPY   BIRTHDAY   GINA.I'm   not   that
boring, really!
65 — Scandals
EXPERT TYPIST: Essays, term papers,
theses, 75c per page. Phone: Rose,
YEAR ROUND expert essay and theses
typing from legible work. Phone 738-6829
from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.
TYPING    IBM    SELECTRIC corrector    7
years experience with university papers,
theses, equational, technical, etc.
874 6364.
EXPERT TYPING by fully experienced
stenographer. All papers welcome. Call
Judith Filtness, 266,6814, 5670 Yew St.
JAMES BLAIR WILSON:Don t forget your
promise to come and see me before
page. Please call Virginia after 7:00 p.m.
734 5336.
MONEY     -
-     $400    IN     PRIZE
— Open to all registered, full-time and part-time UBC students.
— Entries restricted to previously unpublished, short stories.
Maximum length: 3000 words.
-Deadline: January 21, 1980
— For further information call or drop in to the UBC Alumni
Association offices at Cecil Green Park, 228-3313; or, check
at Speakeasy in the SUB.
Special Edition, Page 24
Friday, December 7, 1979 Religions support universal goals
From page 13
ity for their lives; even poverty is
the fault of the individual, not
their circumstances, the course
One of the program's most controversial approaches is the
method used by trainers to make
the subjects less dependent on
their rational minds. They use
deprivation of sleep and no watches or clocks are allowed in the
windowless training room.
Trainees are verbally abused and
only allowed to go to the
bathroom at certain times.
Christian groups are often
critical of such individual methods
of solving problems.
"Some groups say that all the
problems are with you and not the
outside world. Another result of
individualism is that it's all the
state's fault, or your parents',"
says Hermanson.
He adds the church can offer
non-specialization to the individual seeking help and stresses
the importance of a balance between the spiritual and material
In light of the revival of such
groups as TM and ECK there is
also a growth in the interest of
Eastern religions.
The Baha'i Faith sees itself as a
further development of Christianity, and believes this is the age
when all humankind will be united
into one government.
Gary McGaughey, education 5,
says he became a member seven
years ago when he felt he was subject to a number of religious visions. "1 had a series of religious
experiences and 1 was overwhelmed by the beauty and the consistency of the Baha'i writings.
There are some very remarkable
features of the Baha'i faith," he
"It's become so much of my
life. 1 get this feeling that I'm
growing and becoming more
sociable, more my own self. It's a
total experience."
There are no priests in the
Baha'i faith but there is a
democratically elected administration located in Haifa, Israel.
It administers to the world community and claims to protect nations against tyrants.
Baha'i supports the United Nations because of its direction in
forming a world government.
"We feel it's not supported
enough. Most countries would
rather use their own diplomacy to
solve world problems, than taking
them to the UN. This is unfortunate," says McGaughey.
Bob Hewitt, agriculture 2, said
an awareness of the principles of
the Baha'i faith makes world conflicts only temporary problems.
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733-5294  mornings or evenings
Free sex
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An eating experience not to be under
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Introducing the new hamburger from the DAIRY QUEEN
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gives you some meat for your money. Instead of a banquet of
You see, while other burger chains
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A variety of great dishes including    Moussaka,    Kalamaria,
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Mon- Thurs 4 pm-2:30 am
Fri a Sat 4 pm-3:30 am
Sunday   4   pm-12   pm
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MON   FRI   11 30-9 00 pm
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224-4218 - 224-0529
Hours: Mon. Thurs. 11:30 a.m.-2:00 p.m.; Fri
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170 WATER ST., GASTOWN      682-1235
Friday, December 7,1979
Special Edition, Page 25 FOR CHRISTMAS
AVAILABLE IN $5.00 & $10.00 BOOKS
820 GRANVILLE MALL 669 6000
52? 0830
Special Edition, Page 26
Friday, December 7, 1979 Students slam new tuition fee plan
Student leaders are angry and
disappointed with a UBC board of
governors decision which could
result in a 10 per cent annual student tuition fee increase.
The board decided Tuesday to
link increases in provincial government operating grants to tuition increases on an annual basis. Ross
Powell, a B.C. Students Federation
spokesman, said the move has
seriously set back the cause of student accessibility.
"They've revived the old human
capital theory and they're going to
make education pav its wav," said
And Valgeet Johl, UBC's Alma
Mater Society external affairs officer, said many low income
students are going to be shut out of
a university education because of
the new fee formula. "It's just going to add to the problem of accessibility to this campus. People
are already having difficulty getting
into this university, it's going to be
even harder when tuition is going
up annually," she said.
Johl charged the university will
use the annual increases to make up
for shortfalls in provincial govern-
ment operating grants. The board
decided on the tuition formula in
order to impress the Universities
Council of B.C., which has advocated indexed tuition fee increases for several years, she said.
Both Powell and Johl agree the
blame for the proposed annual increases lies with the B.C. government, not the university.
"The provincial government has
forced the university into severe
financial constraints. (Universities
minister Pat) McGeer holds the
purse strings and that has a lot to do
with what the universities are
doing," said Powell.
— yvette stachowiak photo
DRUNKEN DEGENERATES pose one last time for inebriated camera before descending upon terrified profs
hiding under desks, hoping to avoid flood of last minute term papers. Meanwhile medical department is aghast
over unsolicited research showing effects of alcohol on motor performance as displayed in typing ability. Staff,
which has been clinically dead all term, perennially comes alive with brief flurry during Christmas exams.
Student BoG rep seriously ill
Student representative Bruce
Armstrong is fighting a life-threatening aneurism which has paralyzed
his left side.
Armstrong, a student board of
governors representative, recently
recovered from a coma following
hospitalization and complaints of a
violent headache during a training
session of Lifespring, a self improvement organization.
"He left during dinner," said
Alma Mater Society president Brian
Short, also a Lifespring devotee.
"A lot of people went out looking
for him to make sure he was alright."
A source close to Armstrong's
family said Armstrong then spent
two days at the Vancouver YMCA,
thinking the headache was a
psychological condition. (A key
part of Lifespring\ philosophy is
that many physical ailments are
psychological in nature.)
The source said friends then took
Armstrong to UBC's health sciences service for psychological testing, but doctors ordered that Armstrong be rushed to Vancouver General Hospital for emergency treatment.
VGH doctors diagnosed Armstrong's ailment as an aneurism of
the brain. An aneurism is a weakening of a blood vessel's wall that can
rupture and cause serious damage.
In Armstrong's case, the vessel rup
tured and he entered a coma for
48 hours.
Even after recovery from the
coma, the left side of Armstrong's
body is paralyzed, a frequent side
effect of the stroke-like aneurism.
Short said Armstrong participated in nothing strenuous during the
Lifespring training session that
might have led to the brain damage.
"But somebody said he fell during the dinner break," Short said.
Marge Armstrong, Bruce's
mother, was unwilling to comment
on either Bruce's current condition
or the cause of his illness. But she
added she would take a greater interest in the cause after Bruce has
fully recovered.
UBC administration vice-
president Erich Vogt denied (hat in-
sufficent provincial government
operating grants had anything to do
with the board's decision.
"The decisions are being made
well in advance of the provincial
government funding being announced."
Vogt said decisions on tuition will
be based on students' ability to pay,
programs offered at the university,
and increases in provincial government funding for the year prior to
the decision.
And   Vogt   added   he   thought
students could afford a 10 per cent
annual increase in tuition.
"1 think it's in line with recommendations on student accessibility.
Student summer earnings have gone
up by more than 10 per cent per
year. That (the increase in tuition) is
really a cost of living increase."
But Vogt admitted the university
would consider lowering tuition if it
determined that fees were prohibiting students from entering the
He said the board made the move
"to put an end to the establishment
of tuition fees on an ad hoc basis.
in question
Charges of election irregularities
and disputes about the number of
votes needed for quorum threatens
to invalidate this week's Alma
Mater Society constitutional referendum.
The results of the vote hung in
the balance yesterday as AMS election's committee chairman Diane
Campbell scrambled to get a legal
opinion on the quorum necessary to
validate the referendum results. But
at press time the society's lawyers
had still not reached a decision on
quorum and although all referendum ballots have been counted,
no results can be released.
"The results of the election will
not be released until there are questions answered," said Campbell.
"We have to decide which bylaws
we are following and what actually
constitutes quorum."
The ongoing dispute is whether
the referendum requires 10 or 15
per cent of student votes to meet
quorum, based on the current constitution's requirements. (The document states that a 10 per cent
quorum is needed to pass constitutional amendments by referenda,
while 15 per cent is required to vali
date the vote on an entirely new
The ballots show about 3,435
votes cast — just below 15 per cent
of the student population, say some
reports. If the 10 per cent quorum is
accepted, the referendum will probably be validated and will pass, say
student politicians. If quorum is 15
per cent the vote will probably be
invalid, they say.
Until last week, AMS president
Brian Short was saying the referendum would require a 15 per cent
He was unavailable for comment
There now exists one officially invalidated poJ in the Woodward
building involving 88 votes, said
Campbell. The ballots might still be
applied to the total quorum figure,
but the actual "yes" or "no" votes
will remain invalid, she added.
Campbell said the poll was invalidated when a member of the
AMS elections committee found a
student politician standing by a poll
urging students to vote yes. She refused lo name the politician involved.
SRA looks at IBM
The student representative
assembly has called a moratorium
on its proposed contract with a
multi-national corporation so
members will have a chance to investigate its possible involvement
with South Africa.
The motion to call a one-month
moratorium on a contract with International Business Machines was
introduced by arts alternate Alan
Postle    at    Wednesday's    SRA
Enthusiasm greets Weston cliff plan
A new plan to control Wreck beach cliff
erosion has brought praise and optimism
from the UBC and Point Grey community.
"I think it's a very objective, very fair proposal," Wreck beach committee member
Judy Williams said of soil expert Stan
Weston's low-cost proposal revealed. Tuesday.
"The fact that he (Weston) is looking
toward an experimental berm rather than the
monolithic seawall — a monstrosity — that
Swan Wooster was proposing is a major
Williams said she is pleased the public was
allowed input by presenting briefs to conserve the land in its natural state.
"It was a tremendous effort by an individual and those who contributed with
briefs," she said. "Everyone worked
together. Any proposal that works with
nature in a more conservation-minded and
economical approach has got to be good."
She said her committee chairman was very
impressed with Weston's work and she thinks
other members wholeheartedly agree with her
appraisal of the plan. (Weston's proposal
adopts a number of recommendations submitted by the Wreck beach committee.)
UBC senior geography instructor Margaret
North said she thinks Weston did an "admirable"  job  in  a  short  period  of time.
"He sorted through the material very
well," she said. "The new proposal will be a
great saving to the university."
The estimated cost of Weston's plan,
which calls for public cooperation and UBC
faculty and student involvement, is $352,000.
The initial "master plan," introduced by
Swan Wooster Engineering of Vancouver
was an estimated $12 million.
UBC geological sciences professor Allan
Freeze said his initial reaction to news of
Weston's proposal was "definitely positive"
but added he has not yet read the plan.
Weston, a board member, said he hopes to
implement four steps to prevent further erosion of the cliffs:
• removal of all root-damaged trees from
the edge of the cliff, leaving only three-foot
stumps. The report states: "This would help
prevent falling trees from stripping the protective soil mantle from the cliffs and also by
leaving the roots, help stabilize them.";
• erection of fences, barriers and signs to
stop destructive access to cliff slopes and improvements to access trails to Wreck beach
and Tower beach;
• a five-year revegetation program on the
cliffs' eroded areas, with heavy use of fertilizer to promote growth. People should stay
off cliff slopes to make planting program a
success, the report states; and,
• reconstruction of the storm drain outlet
from UBC. The report calls the outlet a cause
of erosion below the Museum of Anthropology.
meeting. He made the motion after
arts representative Bob Staley asked
if IBM dealt with South Africa.
No one knew.
"I've heard reports that they
(IBM) do indeed deal with South
Africa," said Staley. "If we prove
there are significant dealings with
South Africa then the SRA will
review the proposed contract with
Staley said assembly members
wishing to find out more information on South African investments
and apartheid could obtain
literature from religious groups. He
said SRA has a commitment against
apartheid and has already taken action on the issue by removing Alma
Mater Society short-term deposits
from the Campus Bank of Montreal
at a cost of $2,000.
He said IBM's objective is to
make profit, not to have a sense of
morals. (The assembly is planning
to replace its current Phillips accounting machine with the IBM
system 34, which can handle more
In other assembly matters, conflict emerged over unauthorized
advertisments appearing in The
Staley charged that Craig Brooks
had placed a full page advertisement on SRA constitutional
changes in The Ubyssey's Nov. 30
issue without approval by the election committee.
Friday, December 7, 1979
Special Edition, Page 27 Special Edition, Page 28
Friday, December 7, 1979


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