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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 23, 1998

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Array es are n
hlelude r
il differ
In society interracial
le. The barriers they
jot only racism, but also
nces within the relationship. As
e issues aren't black and white.
It was harl
the issues
So \vl
Vancouv*
Yukon a>
societv. |u
stares rror
occasiona
The ev
group of c
connsello
drama.
to resist a multicultural counselling conference at UBC, exploring
within interracially-married and -dating couples,
at, you say?*) Let me explain. I'm a WASP woman from North
suburbia, my husband is from the Gwich'in First Nation in the
Northwest Territories. We have two amazing children, and we
iurselves, and couples like us, reflected often in our mainstream
:t think about it How many mixed race couples do you see in tele-
rnercials? Nada. Zilch,
•eally that weird? I don't think so. I've almost gotten used to the
strangers when I go out with my dark-haired daughters, and the
[uestion, "Are they yours?"
;t, hosted last month at International House, gathered a small
selling psychology students, as well as UBC and Vancouver-area
id an American specialist for a bit of brainstorming and psycho-
nost g,
> the st«
•trangei
go out:
iters
jasional
therapist at the conference, PhD candidate Pindy Badyal,
shared an experience similar to my own, but with the
roles reversed: an Indo-Canadian friend with a British
partner and blonde, blue-eyed children. When she
nursed her baby while shopping one day, people wondered why that "nanny" was feeding the baby.
[en
res
mostolTienna-
\nd it's nut
It'iKlt'i" in iK'tt
THERE SEEM TO BE PLENTY OF INTERRACIAL COUPLES ON
this campus. I look around my daughters' school and
swim lessons and see many other biracial kids. Some
Mendings aren't so obvious but are no less significant—francophone-anglophone, Jewish-Christian, for
example.
Conference guest Bea Werhly said a recent USA
Today poll showed 57 per cent of American teens
dated interracially (similar statistics for Canada weren't
available). The most common couplings were not
between African-Americans and whites, but between
whites and people of Asian/Pacific descent,
riot kept up with this reality, she said, adding she finds
in the popular press and very little in academic journals,
with black/white relationships.
iyays easy to know which relationship "issues" are due to dif-
culture, socioeconomic status, personality and, of course,
sexual pairings.
!8%ssor emeritus at Western Illinois University and author of two
any articles on multicultural counselling, said counsellors faced
jape couple tend to zero in on the interracial aspect
As a result, she said counsellors may not be
sensitive to other relationship problems.
Panelist Lilian Wong, a Vancouver School
Board psychologist and PhD candidate, gave a
perfect example. A relative married outside her
culture and later divorced—because of religion, not race.
The roots of the problems come not from
within the relationship, but from racism and
prejudice in the larger society, Wehrly said.
As an example, panelist Rod McCormick,
an assistant professor in counselling psychology and director of the Native Indian Teacher
Education Program, described Canada's deliberate attempts at cultural genocide against
First Nations people.
Among them, he said, were residential
schools and forced sterilisations. And only in
his lifetime did they gain the right to vote.
"We're the only ethnic group to have a
card," said McCormick "I have one in my wallet."
Being Native usually means being poor,
McCormick said, and in some cases marrying
mtercultiirally may be a conscious or unconscious attempt to elevate oneself.
James White, of Family and Nutritional
Sciences, reminded participants that Canada
also had slavery—in Upper Canada, the
Maritimes and Quebec.
Conference participants also explored the
power of stereotypes. Counselling psychology
professor Marvin Westwood, a conference co-
chair and consultant to Canadian profession
als overseas, said Canadian men in Asia are
influenced by images of Asian women as exotic, innocent, and more submissive and feminine.
Stereotypes of Asian males range from
gangsters and Bruce Lee to computer nerds
and stock brockers, he said.
Phil Chow, a young Vancouver professional
at the conference, said he started noticing
more Caucasian male/Asian female couples
than any other type, and wondered whether
this was random or part of a pattern.
Then Chow found an article in the San
Francisco Examiner on the high number of
Asian women dating Caucasian men. The article also interviewed Asian men.
"They felt left out, that the playing field was
not level," Chow said, adding that some
blamed media images of Asian women as submissive sex toys and men as sexist, abusive
patriarchal gangsters.
"I've sort of experienced this on a personal
level," said Chow.
Articulate and attractive, Chow said he's
had Asian women rum him down and then go
out with a Caucasian man, while "most
Caucasian women are reluctant..whether it's
the stereotype that you're moving down."
Many conference participants shared their
own stories about corning from multicultural
families, and then creating their own.
McComiick's modier is Mohawk and his
father is of Scottish and Irish descent. "Mom
didn't want to be Mohawk," McCormick said.
See Interracial relationships" on page 8 2 THE UBYSSEY ♦ FRIDAY. OCTOBER 23. 1998
CLASSIFIEDS
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To Apply: Please fiix a resume, with cover letter
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ARE YOU INTERESTED IN GAINING
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PT BOOKEEPER. On campus company needs
a PT bookeeper for basic accounting tasks, probably 2-3 times per week, each rime for a couple
of nours. Hours are flexible, and would be ideal
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Please fax resume to 943-7391.
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ROOM AND BOARD ACCOMODATION
AVAILABLE FOR WOMEN AND MEN.
Room and board (meal plan) is available in the
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corn e-first-served basis. Please come ro the UBC
Housing Office (1874 East Mall, Brock Hall)
during working hours (weekdays from 8:30am-
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MARXIST-LENINIST STUDY GROUP meets
Wednesdays 12:30, Buchanan B220. Next meeting: "Necessity for Change - A manifesto for
today". Also, Britannia Community Centre,
Fridays, 7:30pm, "History Begins from the
Present".
m
mm
CHINESE RESEARCH STUDY. First and second generation Chinese males required for
Market Research Focus Groups. Cash gratuity
provided. Call Bianca at 682-7626, ext. 238. No
selling involved.
$10 FOR 30 MINUTES. Got a stepfather you
love or hate? Indifferent? 17-23 years old? You
qualify! * No Interview • Anonymous, mailed
questionnaire. Contact 822-4919 or
gamache@interchange.ubc.ca
YOUTH EDUCATORS NEEDED! For a
health board sexual health program. Must be
between 19 and 24. No experience necessary,
rraning provided. Honorarium for each presentation. Call Lu for info, 251-4345-
PARTICIPANTS NEEDED. YOUNG WOMEN
who are members of Hong Kong astronaut (1-2
parents in Hong Kong and children in Canada)
or Hong Kong immigrant families (parents and
children in Canada) are required for a study
examining their personal and family decisions.
Call/fax Kimi Tanaka at 2^4-4158 or email her at
kimi@interchange.ubc.ca, or call Dr. Phyllis
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To run your own ADS or CLASSIFIEDS
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Thursday, October 29th, 12:30 - 2:30. Izzy Mac
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STILL
LOOKING
FOR A
JOB???
Head on over to
UBC
CAREER
SERVICES
in Brock Hall
WORK STUDY JOBS
Eligible students must secure a job and return their
Work Study Authorization to the
Office of Awards and Financial Aid by
Saturday, October 31*
Researcher with Liu Centre for International Studies, 1 position, $15.52
per hour, Project #691; French Curriculum Assistant, 2 positions,
$14.23 per hour, Project #211; Project Assistant with Sustainable
Development Research Institute, 1 position, $12.95 per hour, Project #721;
Energy Management Assistant with Land and Building Services, 1
position, $15.52 per hour, Project #723; Sustainability Coordinator with
Land and Building Services, 1 position, $ 15.52 per hour, Project #724;
Project Worker with Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, 1 position,
$11.25 per hour, Project #727; Project Assistant with Oral Biological and
Medical Sciences, 2 positions, $12.95 per hour, Project #709; Research
Assistant with Psychology, 1 position, $12.95 per hour, Project #729;
Biodiversity of Forest Soils with Forest Sciences, 2 positions, $12.95 per
hour, Project #130; Project Assistant with Pathology and Laboratory
Medicine, 1 position, $12.95 per hour, Project #728; Research Assistant
with History, 1 position, $12.95 per hour, Project #730; Stream
Conservation Biology with Forest Sciences, 1 position, $12.95 per hour,
Project #131; Data Analyst with Centre for Health Evaluation Research, 1
position, $15.04 per hour, Project #731; Secretarial Assistant with
Interprofessional Continuing Education, 1 position, $14.23 per hour,
Project #733; Research Assistant with Psychology, 4 positions, $12.95
per hour, Project #711; Project Assistant with Social Work, 4 to 6
positions, $15.04 per hour, Project #734; Research Assistant with Law, 1
position, $12.95 per hour, Project #735; Tutor with Mathematics, 10
positions, $12.95 per hour, Project #745; Course and Research Assistant
with First Nations Professional Sciences Access Program, 1 position,
$12.95 per hour, Project #133; Animal Care Technician with Animal
Science, 4 positions, $12.95 per hour, Project #128.
Refer to the website for details on these and
other jobs available to eligible students.*
www.awards.ubc.ca
*Ifyou did not apply for the Work Study Program by Thursday, October 1, it is now
too late. Eligibility for the Work Study Program is based on documented financial
need as determined by government student loan criteria.
Visit our office in Brock Hall
or our website for details on this and other programs administered by the
Office of Awards and Financial Aid.
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show current student ID at time of purchase. Thts offer cannot be combined with any other ticket offer. Ticket prices include GST and are subject to Ticketmaster service charges THE UPYSSEY » FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23.13?8 3
Dr Richard
pollay has
spent ten years
fighting the
evils of big
tobacco and
its advertising
practices, and
he's NOT
BACKING DOWN
NOW
by Tom Peacock
It's not every day that living justification of ten years of work strolls through the
door. Especially when that work is dedicated to fighting so uphill a battle as Dr
Richard Pollay's. The UBC Marketing professor has spent much of his career
fighting the giant cigarette companies of North America.
Pollay was leading a relaxed discussion after a presentation on cigarette
advertising for the Canadian Association for Media Education when a large
and jovial-looking man came bursting into the small room. He was red in the
face, and very obviously out of breath. "Mr Pollay, I mean Dr Pollay," he spluttered with a wide, enthusiastic grin. "I'm so sorry I missed your presentation,
but I'm your number one fan. After watching your movie, I quit a fifteen-year
smoking habit, cold turkey!"
The man, having made his point, sat himself down among the audience,
and Pollay modestiy redirected the conversation away from himself.
Nevertheless, a hint of self-satisfaction appeared on his face, despite a lengthy
duel with a faulty slide projector. The feeling was understandable: after all, it
was proof that people could be and had been won over by Pollay's fundamental argument against cigarette advertising—that smokers are being
tricked into their lethal habits.
In his report for an upcoming trial, Pollay interprets the cigarette marketing campaigns as "a mushroom model for consumer management. That is
keeping the consumers in the dark and feeding them lots of bullshit."
The movie the enthusiastic fan mentioned is a documentary entitled A
Pack of Lies. It features presentations by both Dr Pollay and his colleague Dr
Jean Kilbourne. In it, the two academics expose what they have learned
about cigarette advertising campaigns. They deem the campaigns to be a
general exploitation of the public, especially young people, whom they
conclude are more vulnerable to images of individuality, rebelliousness and
style. In one of his articles, Pollay cites the Export A "Go your own way"
campaign, as well as the Players "A taste to call your own" campaign, as
examples of advertisements which target the youthful need to "seek an
adult identity independent of the family cocoon."
Though cigarette companies claim that the advertisements are
designed merely to encourage adult smokers to switch brands, experts
such as Pollay believe they have much less innocent objectives—the companies must replace the legions of their loyal consumers who keep dying.
To reinforce this point during his presentation, Pollay cited numerous
premature death statistics while bombarding his captive audience with
gruesome images of bed-ridden chemo patients.
During an interview, Pollay once again began to cite statistics, one of
his favourite tools of persuasion. "Because cigarettes kill nearly a third to
a half of smokers prematurely," he explained, if you could drop the starting rate from twenty five per cent to fifteen per cent, you've saved the lives
of five percent of the population."
The numerous studies that Pollay has done on the effects of cigarette
advertising, particularly on younger people, have made this into a very
personal matter for the UBC professor. In his cluttered office, surrounded
by bookshelves wilting under the weight of volumes of legal texts and
advertising portfolios, Pollay explained why cigarette advertising has
been such a large part of the work he has studied.
"Everything I've learned about the industry has been mcruninating," he
said. "So the more I learn, the more I feel that this is an industry that deserves
to be called on the carpet" He continued, "Tobacco won't ever disappear, but
as a matter of public policy, we should do everything in our power to make
sure that as few people as possible get involved."
As an expert witness in over thirty trials in both the US and Canada, Pollay
has certainly achieved a strong footing in the fight Nevertheless, he has been
subject to many trying situations along the way that have served to further
open his eyes to the legal games north and south of the border. "You had better hide all the skeletons in your closet," he quipped when asked about the US
legal system, "because if your niece has had an abortion, they are going to
bring that up to embarrass you."
Although the legal battles in the States are much more difficult due
to strenuous cross-examinations and what Pollay terms the "shadowing"
of his personal life, he still finds the political, legal and financial clout of
the huge tobacco firms a major stumbling block here in Canada.
Government ties to the industry seriously impede his and other efforts
to raise awareness of what he deems to be a deadly drug.
"The liberal government, in my opinion," says Pollay, "has
been very cozy with the industry. They rolled back the tax
increases, refused to implicate changes to the packaging, and
were also very slow to stop the smuggling. Those involved
were never really charged in Canada."
Nonetheless, a casual view of the current situation in
Canada reveals that attitudes towards smoking have definitely hardened. New laws have come into effect, banning
smoking in most public areas. Bold health warnings leap
out from the front of packs, bluntly stating: "Smoking will
kill you," or "Smoking causes lung cancer." The advertising
campaigns of cigarette companies have been seriously curtailed by government legislation.
In response to this, the manufacturers have had to massively
increase legal spending, as well as bolster their public relations campaigns. In one case outlined in an article published by HealthWatch
Canada last spring, internal documents of the Imasco company, owners
of Imperial Tobacco of Canada, came to light, revealing a serious coverup
by the company. Apparentiy, they had funded health studies that had
revealed conclusive evidence of smoking's health risks, and then
destroyed the results. Mounting pressure from anti-tobacco lobbyists in
the government and in the health community have begun to seriously discredit such concerted efforts.
Louis Gauvin, coordinator of the Quebec coalition for tobacco
control, stated in an article, for the Toronto Star last spring that
these documents "suggest systematic efforts to falsely deny the
risks, hide the evidence and ignore the harm—all in the name
of increasing profits."
For their part, however, the cigarette companies strongly
defend their own rights to advertise and promote their
products. They stated in the same article that the new anti-
tobacco advertising laws "create criminal offenses that are
vague and subjective and do not give advertisers fair notice of
what conduct is prohibited."
In an article entitled "Who are they kidding? Tobacco Marketing
Targets Youth," Pollay states clearly his own views on why the cigarette
manufacturers so vehemently defend their right to advertise. It's not
because they believe that they should defend their rights to free expression, as stated in the Constitution, but because "they recognise that advertising is critical to mamtaining the size of the market"
Pollay will appear as an expert witness in the upcoming Imperial
Tobacco Ltd, Rothman's, Benson and Hedges Inc, RIR Macdonald Inc
vs Attorney General of Canada case, which is slated to take place
sometime this spring. When asked how he feels about the upcoming trial, Pollay speaks with reserved hopefulness. "The evidence
remains very strong against cigarette advertising," he says, "but
whether or not we want to protect commercial speech, in particular commercial speech which is used to push deadly and
addictive drugs, with the same Jaws that we use to protect
political speech is still very much in debate."**
marketing prof: Richard Pollay shows off a classic cigarette ad. Polly will appear
as an expert witness in an upcoming trial against three tobacco companies, richard
LAM PHOTO
Ad nauseam 4 THE U8YSSEY • FRIPAY. OCTOBER 23, 1998
OYSTER
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Telephone: 732 - 5916
The Government of Japan
invites
university graduates
to Japan
as Assistant English Teachers
or Coordinators for International
Relations.
Application Deadline: Nov. 13, 1998
For application forms, contact
Consulate General of Japan
Tel: 604-684-5868 ext. 240
programs@consuljpnvan.com
www.embjapan.can.org/Ott/jet.html
One year in   Japan, Exchanging Ideas
i The JEX-Prceramme
Seminar will be held
on Oct 29(Thu)
from 12:30pm to 2:00pm
at the Asian Centre
The first 40 students to
register in person with
a valid student ID card
at the Ceremonies Office
(6323 Cecil Green Park Road)
will be entered in a draw
to win breakfast with
UBC President,
Dr. Martha Piper on
Thursday, November 5th.
deadline for entries is:
Wednesday, October 28th at 4:30pm.
Twenty-five names will be chosen.
Directions to Ceremonies: Cross NW Marine Drive to
Cecil Green Park Road. Pass Green College and
continue to ffce last building on the right-hand side
of Cecil Green Park Road.
UBC hockey:
goals in mind
DIRECTING the TROOPS UBC head coach Mike Coflin (centre) is looking to improve upon last season's
Thunderbird playoff run by winning UBC's first playoff series since 1971. tara westover photo
After making the
pEaj^fBfe last year
for tike fEtett ft&m©
Ms© 1199®,
UBC hockey is
by Sara Newham
If you were a student at UBC the last time the men's
hockey team won a playoff series, you'd probably
remember a 28-year-old Pat Quinn playing for the
Vancouver Canucks. It's been a long time since 1971,
but the Thunderbirds are headed back in the right
direction.
Last year the goal of the UBC's men's hockey team
was to make the playoffs. They accomplished it for
the first time since the 1989-90 season, but lost a
tough series to Calgary in three games. This year the
Birds have set their sights a little higher.
"We really want to host a playoff series—so that
means finishing second in their division," says head
coach Mike Coflin, who seems upbeat about UBC's
chances despite their disappointing 8-0 and 3-1
bombings at the hands of the Saskatchewan Huskies
last weekend. Collin's sentiments are echoed by new
team captain Troy Dalton.
"I think we're definitely good enough to host a
playoff series," said the third-year forward. "And our
goal should definitely be that, if not to host two."
Dalton may be jumping the gun a little bit, but if
the Thunderbirds can avoid some of the injuries to
key players that have plagued them during the preseason, he says that UBC could have a great chance.
The Thunderbirds hope to win games with their
defense which, despite being tagged for eleven goals by
Saskatchewan, gets a strong endorsement from Coflin.
"Defensively, we're second in our league [last year]
and I would expect that when we get everybody back
healthy [our defence is] something that should be
good."
The team's injury bug has continued into the regular season. Among the wounded is key defenceman
Trevor Shoaf, who had his spleen removed and will be
out until Christmas. Forward Brad English is out with
a concussion and is not expected to play this weekend.
The Thunderbirds will also have to do without
first-year forward Tom Zavediuk, who was brought to
provide much needed offensive flair. Zavediuk is suffering from shoulder problems.
The infirmary door will be open all this weekend,
too. But both Geoff Lynch (groin injury), and Michael
Millar (hand ligaments torn from the bone—don't
ask) should be ready to suit up for UBC's home opener against Lethbridge.
With all the injuries, the Thunderbirds have to
hope that remaining defencemen such as Andrew
Kemper, Cliris Kerr, and Brian Josephson as well as
goalies Dave Trofimenkoff and Jon Sikkema will be
able to hold the fort long enough for the forwards to
pop in a goal or two.
And as if they didn't have enough to worry about,
the team is struggling to score goals. The Birds lost
several players from last year's goal-starved team, and
this year's squad will be forced to fill the gaps.
"There's some guys here that can score, and some
guys that can play on the power play," said Steve
Williams. "They just have to step into those roles."
Williams thinks he knows what UBC needs to do
to succeed.
"I think for us to survive in this league we have to
be gritty. If we try to run and gun against
Saskatchewan, Alberta, it's not going to work."
However, there is good news. The returning players now know what to expect in the playoffs.
"For the guys that are coming back to get a taste of
that and how exciting that can be," said Trofimenkoff
of the playoff experience. "That's the kind of thing
that all year you have to keep in mind and keep your
focus going."
That focus must be maintained throughout the
year as the T-Birds are in tough in the Canada West.
Teams such as Alberta and Calgary are traditionally
strong, and Lethbridge is usually UBC's chief competition for a playoff spot. So if UBC wants to accomplish this season's goals, this weekend would be a
good place to start. ♦ THE UBYSSFYIIIrIDAY
Tammusz Land
Jonathan
Tammusz may
not be a northern
bc fisherman but
Ruperts Land shows
HE OF WHICH HE
SPEAKS
by John Zaozirny
Jonathan Tammusz isn't what you'd expect.
Whafs he like? Well, probably what yon would
expect a film director to be. Middle-aged, polite and
civil, with an air of curiosity about him.
After watching'lammusz's film, Rupert's Land, you
would expected to see a man from Northern BC a
rough-and-tumble fisherman-turned-filmmaker.
But what you get is an Englishman who trained
to be a clinical psychologist before enrolling in the
National Film School in the UK.
In a strange sort of way, this is all high compliment
to Rupert's Land, which hits theatres today The story
of two estranged brothers reunited to travel to their
tamer's funeral in Prince Rupert, Rupert's I/ind shows
a side of BC that most born-and-bred Vancouverites
wouldn't dream of. Basically a road movie about the
in the redneck worid of backwater bars, "Summer
JONATHAN TAMMUSZ: The director of Ruperfs Land took a drive
up to Prince Rupert to get a feel for the people he was filming.
But, along with the road movie stylings, there's
another angle, that of the fish-out-of-water bonding
story. Rupert (played by Samuel West) is an urbane
British lawyer who hasn't seen his half brother, Dale
(Ian Tracey). since they were seven years old.
Now, at this point, Rupert's Land could have
slipped easily into cliche world—the same old fish-
out-of-water story we've seen before. But somehow,
Rupert's Land manages to skip the usual pretensions and stay grounded. 'Die characters may learn
about themselves, but doesn't mean they have to
like it And in Rupert's Land, most of the time they're
downright pissed off about it.
So how did a British director make a film that
knows northern BC inside out? Turns out he had a
little help from a BC writer, Graeme Manson (who
also co-wrote Cube).
Manson not only hails from northern BC, but he
also spent a good deal of time as a commercial fisherman, (ti preparation for the film, Manson, an old
friend of Tammusz's, took him on a trip up north to
get a taste of the locals and the locale, so to speak.
"It was very important for me to get to know the
characters," Tammusz says of rhe trek "1 don't like borrowing knowledge. You cannot borrow observation."
lb do that, Tammusz and Manson went on a
road trip themselves.
"We drove up to Prince Rupert. And we filmed
our journey, spent time in Prince Rupert,'" he recalls.
"We spent time in bars. We spent time talking to
fishermen. We spent time on the docks, spent time
just really getting into the characters."
And get into them he did. The characters in
Ruperfs Land aren't your usual collection of simple
problems and quirks.
The relationship between Dale and Rupert, in
fact, may be one of the most accurate depictions of
brotherly love in a Canadian film.
Even so, most of the movie consists of one or the
other finding ways to beat each other up—emotionally, mentally, verbally, and physically. Their relent
less violent nature should cause a great deal of concern when the film eventually airs on CBC.
Ifs not your typical film, which is what brought
Tammusz to the project
"The nice thing about it was that it had a sense of
purpose," Tammusz notes. "What attracted me to the
project in general is that it's character-driven...I knew
it wasn't going to be a mindless comedy about a fish
out of water—the Stiff-Upper Lip in Wild Canada
Which is really not a very interesting premise."
Samuel Wesfs Rupert is the 'Stiff Upper Ijp' in
question and is another one of Tammusz's triumphs. Expertly played by the British stage veteran,
Rupert is one of the only characters in the 'city boy
in wild outback' genre to never apologise for or give
up his sense of formality, civility, and manners.
Having trekked through glacial rivers and survived
numerous fights, he's unapologetic about wearing
his suit and the tie to the eventual funeral.
"I've brought it all this way," he says in the film. "I
might as well wear it"
'1 was obviously very mindful of not making
Rupert just a quintessential Englishman character,"
Tammusz says. "There was always a danger in a fish-
out-of-water situation that he's just a catalyst to all
sorts of things. I didn't want him to just be reactive,
because he is someoi ie who will take charge."
And all that might also be a reflection of the
Englishman behind the camera, though lonathan
Tammusz doesn't exactly look like the kind who'd get
into the bloody fights that Rupert finds himself in.
Now a filmmaker who's spent the last four years
in BC, Tammusz was originally training to be a clinical psychologist But he'd been smitten by film
since a teen and the bug never quite went away. "I
just knew I was going to be a film director. Not that I
had a very good idea about what it is, but the possibility to build a world that has in it literature, music
and visuals was just irresistible."
So, at the age of 26, Tammusz entered an undergraduate program, which resulted in an award-
winning student film and entrance into the
National Film school at age 28. Still, all that old
psychology practice dies hard, and Tammusz's
simple, reality-based filmmaking style seems a
natural outgrowth.
"Well, I guess, with my background in psychology, IVe always been a keen observer of human
beings," Tammusz explained. "I just love watching
life and to me, it's all a big movie. I'm very interested
in real things and the world that I encounter, and
that I interact with, is that of real people."
Perhaps it was all that psychology work and life
experience before he got into film that helps him
tell his stories.
Tammusz jumped at the idea.
"It felt that way to me," he says. "And I'm actually
quite surprised, because I was a cocky young man,
that I had the foresight to figure that out. I'm very
glad I had some other life because essentially it is
about telling stories. And unless you have some life,
what sort of stories are you going to tell?"*
Pleasantville a colourful black and white film
PLEASANTVILLE
Opens today everywhere
by John Zaozirny
The thing about PleasanWiUe Is that it's just
too pleasant For a film that's supposed to have
taken a wild swipe at all those corny Ijeaveitto
Beaver and Father Knows Best stereotypes, it
just ends up giving into them.
And I really wanted to like Pleasantville.
The thing is, I did enjoy it. But it's not what
it could be, and that's just tragic.
The gist of Pleasantville is this: two
modern-day teenagers, played by Reese
Witherspoon (of Freeway) and Tobey
Maguire (The Ice Storm) find themselves
sucked into the black and white world of
Pleasantville, which is the film's take on all
those 5Qs TV shows. Maguire and
Witherspoon are stuck as Bud and Mary
Sue, the show's brother and sister characters, and are forced to play out their lives in
a world where nobody knows or cares what
goes on outside of Main Street. It's a reverse
of the Truman Show—they're the only ones
who know they're on TV.
Of course, it's just a little while until the
two visitors start causing trouble. In a
world where mom and pop sleep in double beds, what could be more dangerous
than sex? And of course, once the sexual
revolution has begun, it's not long until
more dangerous things arise, such as literature and art. And what with all this
knowledge, things just aren't black and
white anymore.
Now, I didn't mean to say that
Pleasantville is a bad film. In fact, it's quite
good—probably one of the best in this relatively sad (film-wise) year. But it could
have been so much more. lust like the
Truman Show, Pleasantville takes on the
overwhelming power of television, along
with a swathe of other issues, but opts for
an easy out when it comes time for everything to climax. And while this may leave
the audience buzzing when they walk out
of the theatre, it doesn't make for a memorable picture. When you're asking tough
questions, the answer of "Well, that's life"
doesn't exactly sum it all up.
So Pleasantville ends up being a heartwarming and thoughtful film, but just like
all those 50s TV shows it so lovingly satirises,
it's just not something you'll remember.* 6 THE UBYSSEY ■ FRIDAY. OCTOBER 23  1998
DRAWN TO THE DARK: Brad Renfro plays a boy who discovers a Nazi war criminal lh
Livp and direr
BRING ON'DA
NOISE
At the Ford Cent
Running Octofa
Learning history
which incorpora
ing, drumming
style storytelling
INK.
for Performing Arts
27th
By Janet Ip
for Bring on 'Da I   ise, Bring on 'Da Funk,
clips to bring alive the rich history of
African-American culture. Moving from
the slave ships to the industrialised
cities, and from the 30s jazz era to 90s
hip hop, it passionately illustrates obstacles blacks in America have faced and
how they have hurdled past them.
As Lord of the Dance has its Michael
Flatley, here the star tap-dancer is Jimmy
Tate (who alternates with Sean C. Fielder)
and whose solos are phenomenal. Alone
on stage before a three-way mirror, he
turns into a dance trio before your eyes.
His lightning moves are matched in gravity-defying speed by the drumming pair
of Dennis J. Dove and Martin Luther King
(really). With nothing but pots and pans
tied to their bodies and wooden sticks,
they bang out intricate rhythms—quite
inspiring for the starving artist. Who
needs an expensive drum set anyway?
an be a drag. But not
s awesome tap-danc-
d rhythms into folk-
'Da Funk's elaborate choreograpl
A couple of oddities existed ir le sto
rytelling, however. The narrator ( lomas
Silcott), who raps to the audie
often incomprehensible, while tflhistor
ical facts displayed on the p ijector
screens and the anecdotes of S i black
men heard over the loudspeak seem
rather out of place in a musical.
Nevertheless, having onl Jbefore
seen mindless tap-dancing
contests and beauty pageant
amazed at how the dancers of
'Da Funk, Bring on 'Da Noise p
powerful drama—emotions
and rage, as well as joy and
ance—through their moves. Hit surprisingly, the musical has w
Tony awards in 1996, includinj >ne for
best choreography. This is a s w you
don't want to miss.* THE ugY?SEY> FRIPAHV WMu 1?98 7
inal living in his neigh-
S£ ^fining room
APT
Opei
Schir
in co
dark
direc
UPIL
everywhere today
by Julian Dowling
fer's Lis? this isn't Shot
ur for one thing, this
riller from acclaimed
r Bryan Singer cuts to
the 1 irt of evil in the form
of a > year old American
boy, Ddd Bowden (Brad
Renf I who becomes the
Apt I pit of a former Nazi
cono tration camp SS officer irt Dussander (Ian
McKe jn) whom he discovers lh ig in his hometown.
B( rden blackmails
Dussander into revealing the §   y details of his years
o enter into a deadly
pact as Bowden holds the secret to Dussander's dark
past while Dussander threatens to reveal Bowderis
equally dark obsession with the Holocaust.
Apt Pupil is Singer's latest film after his highly
successful 1995 release, The Usual Suspects, and
adapts Stephen King's novella of the same name.
Singer's direction is solid if unexceptional, but
Renfro [The Client, Sleepers) delivers a disappointingly shallow performance in the lead role. He says
his lines and has the baby-face good looks of a
young Brad Pitt, but what's lacking is depth of character and an ability to say 'fuck' without sounding
like he's practiced it a hundred times in the mirror.
Thankfully, Sir Ian McKellen (Richard III), more
than makes up for his unconvincing young co-star.
McKellen is outstanding in the role of Dussander,
his weather-beaten face and impeccable German
accent dead-on.
An underlining but never fully developed theme
throughout the film is the quasi-homosexual attraction between Dussander and Bowden. Death and sexuality (or perhaps repressed sexuality) are bound in a
Freudian web that ensnares Dussander's young
apprentice. As Dussander recalls the intoxicating feeling of holding, the power of life and death, Bowden
asks, "What did it feel like?" the way a 16 year old kid
might ask an older friend about sex.
The film's treatment of the holocaust has come
under fire for being used as a cheap horror device,
but Singer deals with the Nazi death camps only
indirectly through an opening montage of
Holocaust photos and documents which is repeated throughout the film. The real horror lies at the
heart of the Faustian relationship between
Dussander and his apt pupil, Bowden.
Apt Pupil is less about the Holocaust than it is
about the evil inherent in human nature, and what
should you expect from yet another Stephen King
adaptation but more Misery? Don't go expecting
any happy endings, but for those horror fans out
there, and I know there are many, don't expect a
faithful retelling of King's original. Excluding few
crucial scenes that have to be bloody, Singer manages to keep the ketchup on his fries, and off the
camera.*
I iup anrf direct
Simple Macbeth works
MACBETH
at the BC lei theatre until Nov. 7th
by Ronald Nurwisah
If beauty can be round in simplicity, then UBC Theatre's production
of Macbeth is a work of art The stage is a small white circle and contains no props, backgrounds or anything else for that matter. The
costumes a plain but striking collection of biker gear with an overly
gloomy emphasis on black. All this simplicity puts emphasis on the
actors, and, fortunately, they are up to the challenge.
Allen Morrison's Macbeth is a subtie yet effective rendition of
this classic character. He transforms from loyal aristocrat into
crazed tyrant as he struggles with the guilt of his own treason and
the forces of fate. Morrison is paired with an equally strong Kate
Newman as the amoral Lady Macbeth, who creates a character
both sinister and sultry. Her resulting onstage relationship with
MacBeth is a pleasure to watch, and their inhuman ruthlessness is
fitting for one of the most ambitious couples in the history of
English literature
The simplicity of design also makes the play's spooky atmosphere all the more effective. When the three Weird Sisters make
their entrance at the beginning of the play, their ashen faces, contorted bodies and chilling wordplay are truly disturbing. And the
supernatural elements—blood dripping from the ceiling after
Macbeth murders King Duncan, the crazed visions the three
Weird sisters show Macbeth— are rendered with chilling clarity.
But at the same time, the nearly-bare stage and costuming
bring out the cast's weaknesses. While the leads are strong and
superbly portrayed, the supporting cast is lacklustre at times.
They often have problems with the language or can't maintain
their dramatic focus long enough to build up a character. The layout of the stage itself is also a bit distracting and its circular shape
means actors often have their backs turned to a large part of the
audience at critical moments.
Complaints aside, UBC Theatre's production of the "Scottish
play" is one weD worth watching with the actors performing well
under the intimate microscope of the BCTel theatre. And backed by
a ruthless use of horror-film like effects, Macbeth does an excellent
job of creating an atmosphere of fear and terror that this play so justly deserves.*
■ ■!•■• I I *VI«
nes
satian
SLOAN WITH RUFUS WAINWRIGHT
October 19th at the Croatian Cultural
Centre
 by Nicholas Bradley
"You've been around for a while," sings
Chris Murphy in "Money City
Maniacs," the first single from Sloan's
latest release, Navy Blues. At Monday's
all-ages show, the Halifax quartet
showed that they'be been around a
while too, putting in a polished but still
enthusiastic performance.
Playing off the arena-rock feel of their
new album, Sloan brought a giant, light-
up number four with them, paying a joking tribute to the theatrics of KISS.
Bassist Murphy's scissor-kicks and Jay
Ferguson's guitar poses carried on the
show's retro theme, but their obvious
inability to take themselves too seriously
kept the concert lighthearted.
Sloan's setlist was divided evenly
among songs from the band's four full-
length albums, with plenty of attention
given to crowd favourites like
Ferguson's "Snowsuit Sound" and
drummer-guitarist Andrew Scott's
"Pen Pals," both from 1994's Twice
Removed. The energy of the new material carried over to the older songs, and
Murphy could hardly keep himself
from yelping and dancing the entire
night. After touring all summer with
Edgefest, and after k ting off this
national tour in with 1 :lub show in
Victoria on Saturday, oan seemed
happy to be back in a nail, all-ages
venue.
The Croatian CulftBal Centre is
essentially a large gym, id the sound
quality was, needless t( say, less than
perfect. But Sloan pul
show despite the sot
making their delicate {
as "Sinking Ships" an
work as well as the rock
After over an hour at
offered a short encore
songs from their first wo albums.
Playing to a Sloan-lovii crowd, they
ended the show with a singalong,
"Deeper than Beauty," a an energetic
version of "Underwhelm^!," the band's
breakthrough single.
The mostly tweBysomething
crowd was seriously cited about
Sloan's return to Vane lver—this is
the first national tour ley've headlined since 1996—d< rite opener
Rufus Wainwright's b t efforts to
dampen the mood. He ayed a set of
moody piano-based sc gs from his
self-titled debut albun Despite the
hype this album has n eived in the
mainstream press, Wain right's brand
of folky pop failed to inti
san Sloan crowd. They
been around for a while!
off a good
problems,
songs such
Thank You"
ut loud ones.
a half, Sloan
omposed of
st the parti-
ive, after all,
Srrppning room
Happiness anything but
HAPPINESS
Now playing at Fifth Avenue Cinemas
by Jackie Eisman
Every now and then, a movie comes along that completely floors you.
Todd Solondz's Happiness, is such a movie It's a brilliant exploration
of alienation in North American society, particularly within the context of the family. Solondz (o^rectorotWelcOTnetolheDoUhouse) takes
the viewer on an excruciating journey through the intertwining lives
of his characters.
And what characters they are. The three sisters who provide the
focus of the film—Joy (Jane Adams), Helen (Lara Flynn Boyle), and
Trish (Cynthia Stevenson),— span the gamut of human nature,
from idealistic doormat to glamourous narcissist to delusional
housewife. Their various friends, spouses, and lovers are all played
to perfection by a stellar cast, and their performances lend these
portraits of loneliness and despair a depth that's normally lacking
on film.
No one in this film is happy. "We are all alone", states Irish's psychiatrist husband (Dylan Baker) and father of three Mona (Louise
Lasser), the sisters' mother, responds to her husband's decision to
leave her by complaining that now she'll have to get another lace lift,
and why couldn't he have done this twenty years ago?
Happiness is, above all, a rjerfonnaiice-driven film, and, in plot,
resembles Robert Airman's Short Cuts. The film follows a number of
simultaneous stories, alternating between characters and settings
(New Jersey and Florida). We watch as these flawed but uncompromisingly human people deal with their ruptured lives in waysas individual as they are damaging. A lather's descent into pedophilia A
woman confronted with her fear of growing old alone. A lonely man's
obsession with his beautiful, unattainable neighbor.
DO NOT see this movie if you are prone to depressive episodes.
It is both rare and disturbing to watch people engage in such
extreme behavior and realise that they are not freaks—only people
that might be found in day-to-day life. These characters are so
accessible its scary, and despite their actions and idiosyncrasies, the
audience find itself sympathising with them in their snuggles.
Nothing short of a masterpiece, Happiness has been dubbed a
"black comedy," and it is funny. But, as its director says, it is a "sad
comedy" as opposed to a black one. Without being exploitive or
overly moralistic, Solondz opens up a number of windows, some
darker than others, and offers us a peek inside I guarantee that
what you find will haunt you for days afterward!, and it is in this
way that Happiness succeeds.* .V QCTORFR 73. 199a
Dr. Patricia Rupnow
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From page 1
Interracial
relationships
"Father wanted to be, and would
always find jobs on reserves and drag
my mother along."
McCormick met his own wife,
who came from European aristocracy, in the navy.
There was some head-shaking at
what may have been the first
Latvian-Mohawk marriage in history, he said—while he grew up shopping at the Salvation Army, her wedding guests all had titles.
Patricia Wilensky of the BC
College of Psychologists, who grew
up Protestant in Belfast, told the conference she met her Canadian-
Jewish husband Marshall at graduate school.
At first, she said she was surprised
because he seemed so similar to her.
"It was, of course, an illusion," she
said as participants laughed. She
said sameness disappears into a
cloud after a while and differences
emerge. What may happen after this
is real understanding of who the
other person is.
The three major difficulties couples face centre on money, children
and in-laws, she said.
In cross-cultural relationships,
Wilensky said, "you're going to get a
double whammy on all three of
these."
Badyal, a family therapist in Delta
and Surrey, said you must know
yourself and your own ethnic identity before doing interethnic work. She
has variously identified herself as
Sikh, East Indian, Punjabi and Indo-
Canadian, the labels changing as she
herself changes.
"A lot of it comes from where we
are in our own development," she
said, adding that sometimes it's others naming us while we lack the
voice to name ourselves.
The secret to intercultural counselling said McCormick, is respect—
if you respect another person, you'll
be sensitive to cultural and personal
differences.
Wehrly encourages people to
focus on their strengths, such as love,
compatibility, shared interests, values and ideas.
She said individuals who have
transcended that barrier are probably quite accepting, and "acceptance
is a very valuable trait."
One of the gems for me from this
event was what conference co-chair
Ishu Ishiyama told a television interviewer at the break
Ishiyama, associate professor of
counselling psychology and the
David Lam Chair in Multicultural
Education, described his work particularly with mixed Japanese and
English-speaking couples.
He sometimes serves as interpreter between, say, a Japanese wife
who is very private about her feelings, and the husband who feels
excluded.
As the couple's communication
increases, he said, "they also discover beautiful things about each other,
not just each other but each other's
cultural heritage."
There can be considerable pressure from both families, but he said
sometimes the couple must work
together and say they are choosing
the way they are living.
He said there is the "opportunity
for a third culture to emerge...created
together."* THE WYSSEY • FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23. 1938 9
Ethical guidelines
questioned by
students
Teachers prepare to strike
by Jeffery Simpson
by Nicholas Bradley
A small, but hostile group of students questioned the university's commitment to sign
exclusivity deals only with socially responsible
firms at a public forum last Wednesday.
The "Ethical Standards" clause in UBC's draft
proposal for future Preferred Supplier
Agreements (PSAs) states that "the University
will not engage in PSAs with firms whose record
on social responsibility is deficient by the standards of that firm's industrial or service sector."
A number of students said the clause lacked
conviction.
But members of the UBC Advisory
Committee on Business Education
Partnerships said they took the guidelines seriously. Commerce professor Wayne Norman
said while UBC chooses not to limit or exclude
products and services available to the university community and will deal only with products
already available on campus, UBC has the
"Why does [an
agreement] need
to be confidential
after it has been
negotiated?'
i"
Vivian Hoffmann
AMS President
power "to potentially exclude some firms" from
bidding for contracts.
The practise of keeping details of PSAs confidential also drew fire from the students.
But Norman said that the university is making efforts to involve the public in current negotiations through polling and focus groups.
"Only in the final stages" are the negotiations
private, Norman said.
However, AMS president Vivian Hoffmann, a
self-described "dissenting voice" on the business advisory committee, also complained
about the secrecy of the agreements.
"Why does [an agreement] need to be confidential after it has been negotiated?" she
asked.
UBC's deal with Coca-Cola in 1995 drew
heavy criticism because it took place behind
closed doors.
UBC lawyer and committee chair Dennis
Pavlich concluded that a balance must be found
between public involvement and UBC's ability
to negotiate effectively. "Our society, quite rightly, prefers openness to secrecy," said Pavlich.
He also said the ethical guidelines will provide a set of standards for all negotiations, which
should reassure any critics of closed negotiations.
UBC is currently negotiating PSAs with the
Hong Kong and Royal banks to provide financial
services on campus, and with BC Tel to supply
all telecommunications services, excluding the
campus connectivity project
Debora Sweeney, UBC's acting director of
business relations, said that she expects these
arrangements to be finalized in January, on the
condition that UBC is offered "market competitive" rates. Pavlich refused to go into further
details about the BC Tel deal.
Sweeney also suggested that, as a public
institution, UBC has an obligation to enter PSAs
in order to best use taxpayers' money. "You have
to weigh the university's fiduciary responsibility"
to the public.
The committee will present ihe draft guideline^—and student reaction to them—to the
Board of Governors at its November meeting.*
Students around the province could go without classes on Friday if a rumoured strike of
instructors at 17 of BC's colleges becomes reality.
The College Institute Educators'
Association (CIEA), along with the British
Columbia Government and Service
Employees' Union, are representing the college educators and hope to reach a new collective bargaining agreement with the Post-
Secondary Employers Association.
The instructors have been without a contract since March 31 of this year.
With the two sides locked in last-minute
negotiations on Thursday over wages and
benefits, neither the instructor's association
nor employers knew what to tell students of
the looming strike.
"Nobody knows anything" said Okanagon
University College (OUC) History professor
Eric Nellis.
OUC is one of the schools that could see
picket lines as early as Friday morning.
"Pickets will be up by six in the morning"
promised  Keith Reynolds,  a CIEA Staff
Representative, if no agreement is reached.
But no deal will mean no classes, which
raises questions for students.
H
It's a waste of our
time, a waste of their
time. It is a waste of
money."
Tim East
first-year Arts, OUC
And Rose Muto, the president of the
Okanagan University Student Association
Kelowna says getting answers has been difficult
Muto says that as far as she knows, students
will be able to access the library for research
during the strike.
While   the   Canadian   Federation   of
Students, a Canadian student lobby group,
stands on side with instructors during these
negotiations, Muto said her council, along
with many others, are not in support of either
side and that they just want to avoid a strike
situation.
Still some students are unsatisfied. "I don't
see why it has to go this far," said Tim East, a
first-year Arts student at OUC.
"It's a waste of our time, a waste of their
time. It is a waste of money."
The strike is expected to cost BC students
as much as $860,000 a day in missed classes.
Tomorrow's possible scene of picketing
teachers is not new to OUC, or to any of the
schools potentially affected by this action. In
January 1996, educators represented by the
CIEA began a rotating strike that resulted in
students missing only one half-day at each of
the affected schools.
Whether the strike would be a rotating
strike is not yet known. In the meantime, final
exams will continue as scheduled, despite the
fact there may be no more classes.
But as one student noted, "There is no way
I can learn French grammar from a book"*
UBC mail goes postal
by Douglas Quan
A handful of UBC Campus Mail Services
employees were scrambling this week to
deal with a huge backlog of unsorted and
undelivered mail after over a third of their
colleagues took sick leave.
According to Campus Mail supervisor
John Howe, five out of 14 workers were
absent on Monday and Tuesday, leaving
over 12,000 pieces of mail sitting
untouched.
"The flu has hit this campus big time,"
Howe said.
But he added that only incoming mail
from Canada Post was affected by the slowdown, and that all internal campus mail
should have been delivered.
Howe denied rumours that the workers
had gone on strike.
"One of my guys comes in here, [and
■IPllmig® m
says], 'Hey, I hear we're on strike!' And I
said, Are we really?'
"Someone was joking about it. But,
really, it's not a strike. These guys have
medical proof."
m
The flu has hit this
campus big time,"
John Howe
Campus Mail supervisor
Treena Chambers, recording secretary
of CUPE local 116, the union representing
Campus Mail workers, said she was
unaware of any strike action.
But the UBC Purchasing Department's
manager of business services, Rahim Rajan
(who oversees Campus Mail operations),
refused to offer a reason for the slowdown
in mail delivery.
"All I can tell you is we're taking care of
the situation. Every effort is being made to
take care of any backlog or anything that
may be existing in the mailroom. Basically,
I have no further comment from that."
Campus Mail employees who were
working this week were tight-lipped about
the situation.
"We've been instructed not to say anything," said one worker. "All I can say is
we're getting there."
By midweek, Howe said two workers
had returned to their jobs and another
three temporary replacement workers had
been brought in.
Howe said all the backlogged mail
should have been sorted and delivered by
week's end.*
,f»!3,!Wf,
<m. ■•«" *-•*■"■ ■■■■■• • ■-"•-*
^Jfi-$^*$?f'i
'MKBUQ
THINK ABOUT WHAT?:
UBC Chancellor
William Sauder
kicked off the university's first every annual general meeting
on Thursday before
150-mostiyUBC-
atSiated-peopte at
the Robson Square
Conference Centre.
one;
tion to the next UBC
administrators highlighted major accomplishments of the
university over the
past year. President
Martha Piper capped
off the event by outlining the components of Trek 2000.
RICHARD LAM PHOTO 10 THE UBYSSEY » FRIDAY OCTOBER 23. 1998
FRIDAY OCTOBER 23,1998
VOLUME 80 ISSUE 12
EDITORIAL BOARD
COORDINATING EDITOR
Federico Barahona
NEWS
Sarah Galashan and Douglas Quan
CULTURE
John Zaozirny
SPORTS
Bruce Arthur
NATIONAL/FEATURES
Dale Lum
PHOTO
Richard Lam
PRODUCTION
Todd Silver
COORDINATORS
CUP Cynthia Lee WEB Ronald Nurwisah
VOLUNTEERS  Jamie Tong
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper
of the University of British Columbia. It is published every Tuesday and Friday by The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically run
student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion
of the staff, and do not necessarily reflect the
views of The Ubyssey Publications Society or
the University of British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP'S guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in The Ubyssey
is the property of The Ubyssey Publications
Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and
artwork contained herein cannot be reproduced without the expressed, written permission of The Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone number, student number and signature (not for
publication) as well as your year and faculty
with all submissions. ID will be checked when
submissions are dropped off at the editorial
office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification
will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given to
letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the
latter is time senstitive. Opinion pieces will not
be run until the identity of the writer has been
verified.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified advertising that if the Ubyssey Publications
Society fails to publish an advertisement or if an
error in the ad occurs, the liability of the UPS will
not be greater than the price paid for the ad.
The UPS shall not be responsible for slight
changes or typographical errors that do not
lessen the value or the impact of the ad.
EDITORIAL OFFICE
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301 fax: (604) 822-9279
email: feedback@ubyssey.bc.ca
BUSINESS OFFICE
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
fax: (604) 822-1658
BUSINESS MANAGER
Fernie Pereira
AD SALES
Stephanie Keane
AD DESIGN
Shalene Takara
The great powers of the Empress Cynthia
Lee and the Grand Duchess Andrea Milek
emerged onto the battle field. Under the
banner of Sir Dale Lum's Hussars were
King (Bruce) Arthur, Sir Nick de Bradley
ana Sir John Meulemeester Longspear.
Lady Sarah Galashan of the lake was
among the ranks, as was Prince Douglas
Quan, carrying a standard emblazoned
with a crimson cross, of the order of Saint
Jeffrey Simpson. Baron John Zaozirny's
cavalry had no less than two thousand
men, some having ridden from the lands
of Sir Ronald Nurwisah of the North.
Julien Dowling bid adieu to Countess
Sarah Newham, and joined Sir Jaime
Tong, and Sir Richard Lam on the field.
The battle lasted two hours. Federico
Barahona received a wound to his groin,
and Patti Flaither lost her sword: Lt.
Derek Deland was seen fleeing into a
nearby copse. Janet Ip and Jala Eisman
were court-marshalled for plundering a
nearby village.
Canadian
UhwBisity
Ress
How necessary an evil is tobacco advertising
Tobacco ads suck They target children in order
to ensure a continuing market There isn't a
whole lot of debate over that anymore.
There is, however, debate that keeps raging
about whether big tobacco should be allowed to
advertise at all.
The main point of contention is that without
that tobacco money, many deserving events
such as the Du Maurier Jazz Festival and the
Benson and Hedges Symphony of Fire might
cease to exist
Art magazines are probably a prime example
of the dependance on tobacco money. Those
magazines depend almost exclusively upon
alcohol and cigarette ad dollars. Because of
restrictive advertising legislation, tobacco companies pour tons of money into the arts, supplanting revenue which is not forthcoming
from other sources.
And because of the apparently altruistic
intentions on the part of the tobacco companies, this money is being couched in acceptability by society. Despite the terrible social costs of
tobacco, we have been hypnotised into accepting those costs for the sake of sponsorship.
It's an argument that has sustained the
tobacco industry for years. The result is advertising that ropes the world's youth into lifelong
cancer-causing habits. The necessity of money
that tobacco throws at sometimes laudable
causes is ingrained in many people's minds.
But the money which would disappear with
the withdrawal of big tobacco from the advertising and sponsorship arenas must somehow be
replaced. There are billions of less-bloody corporate dollars that can be thrown into worthy
causes.
So the argument comes back to the beginning. Tobacco ads are undesirable. Therefore
what needs to happen is a sure injection of
funding into the arts, whether from the government or the private sector. Only then can we
wean ourselves from the tit of the tobacco companies while keeping our arts institutions alive.
And our children.*
Strangway
still haunting
UBC campus
In the spirit of Hallowe'en, your
story on our former president,
David
Strangway, was indeed chilling
[the Ubyssey, October 151998]. So
the old ghoul is still on UBC's payroll, to soak up another $348,000
of scarce university funds by the
end of the next fiscal year. And
that infamous $250,000 interest-
free loan given to him in 1991 was
in fact for $350,000.
At the time, the old parasite
claimed that the loan was necessary so he could buy a house.
Without it, he suggested, the end
of his term might find him homeless and on the streets. And with
only a $225,000 salary, free mansion, car, and a generous expense
account, he was certainly in no
position to put a little aside each
year.
But the news that the interest-
free loan was for $350,000, not
$250,000, makes our roly-poly ex-
prez seem even more dishonest.
Newspapers, radio, and tv ran
dozens of stories about a $250,000
interest-free loan, but Strangway
never admitted that it was actually $100,000 higher. No chance to
do so, maybe—not even during
that interview with the Vancouver
Sun about the loan. Journalists
hardly let you get a word in edgewise.
And as all this lolly was pouring
into his coffers, tuition fees were
climbing ever higher. Strangway's
UBC: screwem est.
James Boucher
UBCAlumnus
Students ask
for too much
It is well known that students prepare for their careers by stealing
from Canadians at large via reneging on their loans.
Now they also want taxpayers
to pay legal fees incurred when
they broke the law.
Are they not being taught anything about decency and responsibility ????
P.Boudewyn
Burnaby
Prof gives
her thanks
Thanks for the well-written article
on Humanities 101 by Cynthia Lee
in the October 9 issue. It's great to
see UBC lecturers reaching out on
their own time to make post-secondary education more accessible and meaningful to everyone.
It is very interesting that a
number of UBC's sessional lecturers are playing a key role as volunteers in the program. As noted in
your article in the October 15
issue, sessionals on temporary
contracts continue to be marginalised at UBC in terms of pay and
job security despite the university's increasing reliance on them. It
is ironic that they are the ones
donating their time to ensure
UBC's continued relevance to the
community.
By the way, your article on sessionals said we earn 20-50 per
cent less than full-time faculty. I
think that could only very rarely
be true. Most of us earn $7560 to
$8000 to teach an 8-month
course. Those who are permitted
to teach 3 classes at once (more
than most tenured faculty's full-
time course load) can earn about
$24,000 a year. Many of us cannot
teach 3 courses at once, as we are
doing doctorates and such. We
live on far less than $24,000 a year.
Personally, I teach a class of 57
students for $7560; last year I
taught 102 students for the same
wage, but at least I had a TA—who
earned more than I did...
Brenda Beagan
4th yr PhD Sociology
Sessional instructor
How did
prof protest?
Thank you Professor Gallagher
for your refreshingly objective
views on CBC radio (October 20
on Talk Back) in regards to those
rabid APEC demonstrators. What
did you do to protest? Who are
you to criticise those who were
abused while standing up for
your rights? You think you had a
pretty good view of the demonstration? Better than the CBC
cameraman who got sprayed?
Heck, he had it coming, didn't he?
I suppose I had it coming, too, as
I stood quiet and motionless in
continued page 11 Hm
THE UBYSSEY » FRIDAY. OCTOBER 23,
1
cont from page 10
the crowd and had my eyes and
respiratory linings chemical
burned with that harmless spray.
Next time, apathetic sideliners
who stand safely out of the way
will be clubbed with those bease-
ball bats Chretien was talking
about. Just like a baby seal.
Thanks for your support. Get a
spine.
Scoff Simpson
President
Students for a Free Tibet
What about
East Timor?
Re: APEC UBC student protest and
Prfessor Gallagher's comments on
CBC radio
Mr. Gallagher can afford to be
dispassionate and disinterested.
From the ivory tower no doubt the
universe appears to be unfolding
as it should. Conveniently left out
of his testimonial yesterday was
the reason why the demonstration
was organised and what this issue
is really all about. Last time I
checked, it was still legal in this
country to take part in organised
protest. When Canadian citizens
are physically prevented from
exercising a fundamental right
then we have cause to be enormously concerned about the role
of the federal governemnt.
Apparently Mr. Gallagher doesn't
seem to appreciate what's really
at stake here.
Is there anybody who doesn't
remember what East Timor was all
about and what the Indonesian
government is doing to its own
dissidents? The fact that this country is willing to bend over backwards to accomodate a "world
class" thug and his armed henchman at the at the expense of its
own citizenry is an obscenity, and
makes a mockery out of Canada's
reputation as a "bastion" of
democracy and freedom. We
should recognise that a handful of
students had the guts to take their
message directly to the PM, and
choose to get involved, as opposed
to sitting comfortably on the sidelines. I find it enormousely
encouraging that not everyone in
this country sopports a corporate
"business as usual" vision of the
future.
Hugh Nevin
Third year arts
go straight to the source...
feedback® ubyssey.bc.ca
s
r—I
(D
03
f&o» news, mj»s^
 y-
r
BAP    TWH6S   MP   LOHftK
HAfPeif   tc mop none,
I
A«*mA
L
(2
JVST    WPPM6,
D
o
E&
Tu! iuKE
CORRECTIONS
, In ..Sessional pay stay:
lumps „(tne Ubyssey, Oct
.998, p3L it was rnaccura
fact,.
s£ays m
'   3.V
it was inaccurately
Glecturers
a year, in
ers to. the
for   ei;
It was
 i sessionals. It was also
reported that reappointment is
 eruonty. In Tar*
minimum
-lth
ndtpased on serB6rifynfi fact
ength of service is, a f;
when .other factors,
arid enechverie^s
na are ei—
-Tiay ha-
ten jjther factors,uk<
id efn
i are i
may have left me" impression
that the new agreement ratified
jchvene^:
iqual. Pir
iv^Teft t
Wm1
factor
ly, the article
impress
by the sessionals included
Go salary increase. In fact, salary
argaining.tor all faculty was
completer! last year .with a gen-
e^Xm^eoflfomm
In 'TJnaergrad curriculum
to see drastic changes (the
Ubyssey, Oct. 20 1995, p,3), it
was inaccurately reported, that
all Arts students would pe
required, to enroll in huamnities
ana social sciences courses as
part of the Foundations, program. In fact, it is opnonal.
"A BONE-CHILLING
-Dennis Dermody, THE PAPER
from the director of
THE USUAL SUSPECTS
from the author of
MISERY and THE SHINING
IAN McKELLEN
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For more information about how you can help find a cure call 931 -1937
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
The Cecil H. and Ida Green
Visiting Professorships of Green College
WILLIAM CHAFE
Dean, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Duke University
President, Organization of American Historians
Behind the Veil: The Politics of Black America during
the Age of Segregation
12:30pm Wednesday, October 28 in Buchanan D-238
The American Presidency from Franklin D. Roosevelt
through Bill Clinton
3:30pm Thursday, October 29 in Buchanan Penthouse
The Vancouver Institute Lecture
Feminism and Civil Rights: A Comparative Study
of Social Movements
8:15pm Saturday, October 31 at Woodward IRC Hall 2, 2194
Health Sci. Mall
PLEASE CLIP AND SAVE! WIMKE1     O 1*
ssau  contest
Ttmm Est: UBC in 2078
by Lesley Anne W/^hington
Marshall McLuhan was fond of saying that if you are really interested in knowing the future, you need look no further than the
present. Want to know what UBC will be like in 80 years? Just
take a look around.
Here's what I see. More debt, more intolerance, more poverty,
more mentally ill people wandering the streets. Food banks,
workfare, and droves of street youth. More children being
abused in more insidious ways. Vancouver can now brag the
highest HIV/AIDS in North America, the poorest neighbourhood in Canada, and its very own sweatshops, too! The expression "hell in a handbasket" comes to mind.
What's going on? Unfettered capitalism in the form of
transnational corporatism is what's going on. It doesn't care
about you or me or the kids or the environment. It doesn't care
about education or health care. It doesn't care because it can't
care. Chomsky tells it best: "Suppose that the CEO of some big
corporation decides he's going to be a nice guy and devote his
resources from that corporation to the homeless people... He's
out of a job."1
Once we had a social welfare system that ironed out the
inequities that inevitably result from capitalism. That's quickly
being decimated. Our government has taken to a globalized free
market system with gleeful abandon. Pandering to the interests
of the free market and its stakeholders, it pays less and less
attention to the needs and desires of its citizenship and the citizens of other nations. Can you say APEC? Now our government
is working to ratify the Multilateral Agreement on Investment.
This will ensure that we have less and less ability to create this
society as we see fit, while giving power to the market forces that
be. Stay tuned for the demise of our country.
And we sit by and do nothing. John Ralston Saul has observed
that "the acceptance of corporatism causes us to deny and
undermine the legitimacy of the individual as citizen in a
democracy... The overall effects on the individual are passivity
and conformity in those areas which matter and non-con-
formism in those which don't."2 In other words, we are more apt
to dress or behave unconventionally than to organize a march,
lobby our MP or start a revolution.
In such a world dominated by the interests of a few, universities become training grounds to feed the corporatist machine
and make good and passive citizens of us all.
We inadvertently contribute to our own indoctrination. We
feel pressure to pursue studies that will guarantee us work,
preferably well-paying work. This is not surprising considering
our culture of competitiveness and insecurity With the real
worry of there being no Canada Pension Plan in place and being
bombarded from all sides with messages to buy RRSP's or else, it
makes good sense to think in these terms, considering the
insane cost of getting an education.
Increasingly, corporations are making themselves known on
campuses in a very in-your-face fashion, the most obvious
example of this at UBC being the new Walter C. Koerner Library.
As public funding for universities continues to dwindle, this
presence will become more and more obvious and insidious.
And - news to me until recently - corporations sponsor research
which poses "serious ethical questions about who owns the
results of research done on their premises - and what research
gets done" arise.3 Another, unrelated consequence and trend is
for universities to phase out the arts and humanities as they do
not attract corporate sponsorship.4 "Shakespeare, Jakespeare!
Who needs it?!"
Hoping UBC would be at the fore in challenging these dangerous trends or at least would be entering into intelligent discussion about the legitimacy of corporatism, globalisation, and
ideologies? This is lotus land after all. In actual fact, UBC, with
Martha Piper at the helm, has also bought in hook, line and
sinker. The Bridge to the 21st Century: Internationalization at
UBC5, the millennium mission statement that has emerged out
of the "Trek 2000: Think About It!" campaign makes that very
clear. Ready or not, UBC is going global.
Projecting this forward 80 years necessarily creates a
dystopia. I see a corporate campus, speckled with brand name
food outlets. UBC Bookstore will have given way to a Chapters.
Corporately sponsored faculties and departments. The MacBlo
Department of Forestry perhaps? The Royal Bank Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration? The possibilities are
infinitely grotesque. UBC will become less accessible for most
people as public funding goes the way of the dinosaur, and by
2078 only the affluent, both from Canada and increasingly from
other countries, will be able to receive an education. For all the
lip service paid to diversity and inclusion and despite some
modest efforts to reflect that ideal at UBC, the reality is that
many people in our country never come close to receiving an
education, secondary let alone post secondary. This is not
because they are unintelligent. It is because our system does not
give them the tools to succeed. It is because of class. In 2078, the
gap between the rich and the poor devastatingly agape, these
people will have even less of an opportunity for post secondary
education.
Many of the great minds of our day are expressing their great
dismay over what is happening to our universities, our country
and our world. But another strange but not surprising reality of
our historical moment is we don't pay much attention to what
these intelligent people are saying. First, they must compete for
airspace with Ren and Stimpy, Rush Limbaugh and Oprah.
Secondly, in a world where the media serves as a vehicle to
spread the corporate message and is tied to the interests of corporations through advertising, anything that is critical is suspect. One of the most poignant examples of this comes from
David Suzuki in his book, The Sacred Balance. He recounts how
on November 18, 1992, a document called "World Scientists
Warning to Humanity" signed by over sixteen hundred senior
scientists from around the world, including over half of all Nobel
Prize winners, was released to the media and the world. The
document warned in no uncertain terms that the world was in
serious jeopardy and "no more than one or a few decades
remain before the chance to avert the threats we now confront
will be lost and the prospects for humanity immeasurably
diminished."6 This "news item" was ignored completely by
Canada's national newspaper and television network, and the
Washington Post and New York Times both deemed it "not newsworthy."
There are alternatives for our universities, for our world. We
do have choices. In short, we must decide what sort of world we
want and create it. It is, however, imperative that change happens soon and happens radically. We cannot tread away on the
surface any longer, preoccupied with the negative offshoots of a
sick system. It's time to dig deep. The UBC Coat of Arms bears
the Latin inscription: "Tuum Est", meaning "It Is Yours." It is ours,
just as the world is ours. Much depends upon our ability to see
through the greed and self-serving system that we are presently
entrenched in so we can build something better. I implore you
to think about that.
JNoam Chomsky, Class Warfare: Noam Chomsky in Conversation, 1992-1996.
(Vancouver: New Star Books, 1997), p. 13.
2John Ralston Saul, The Unconscious Civilization. (Concord: House of Anansi
Press, 1995), p. 2.
3Maude Barlow and Heather-Jane Robertson, Class Warfare: The .Assault on
Canada's Schools (Toronto: Key Porter Books), pp. 104-105.
AIbid.
^The Bridge to the 21st Century: Internationalization at UBC. UBC Website.
6David Suzuki, The Sacred Balance. (Vancouver: Greystone Books, 1997),
pp. 4-5.

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