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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 1, 1996

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Array Students speak out on systemic discrimination and the frigid campus climate
As the CFS National Graduate
Caucus kicks off a national campaign aimed at raising awareness
of systemic discrimination on our
campuses, Matt Thompson talks
with grad students about the chilly
state of academic culture.
When UBC's Amanda Ocran
applied for a federal scholarship to pursue her PhD thesis
on Gender and Political Economy, she had
every reason to believe her request would
receive fair and equal consideration. A PhD
student in UBC's political science department, Ocran had earned a Master's degree
with distinction for similar graduate work
at the University of Guelph.
But when she learned that the political
science faculty had botched her application
to Ottawa's Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) by failing
to include two vital letters of reference-
effectively scuttling her entire request-she
began to have doubts about the process's
Information Ocran obtained through a
Freedom of Information Act request reinforced those suspicions; a copy of Ocran's
completed SSHRC application revealed
that the department had, in effect, written
off her entire research proposal.
As part of the official application, a political science faculty member told the
Research Council that because Ocran's research would involve gender, it was better
suited to a Women's Studies program. He
added that he "had some reservations about
[Ocran] in political science."
Ocran says she was shocked that the
department would "de-legitimize" her research this way, and points to the substantial body of literature produced by feminist political economists over the last
twenty years.
"The statement that this approach is not
appropriate for political science is ludicrous," she says, "and as to why they would
take that position—other than ignorance or
prejudice—I just wouldn't know how to explain that."
Chilly climate
Ocran's experience is one example of
the "chilly climate" at work-an environment of systemic discrimination at university campuses that many faculty and students are reluctant to acknowledge exists.
Others, like Ocran, are all too familiar
with it.
"It doesn't take more than just a few
words for [faculty] to make it utterly im
possible for you to be regarded as carrying out a legitimate research project within
your department," Ocran says.
"For some things, [faculty] were acting
as 'disciplinary police,' patrolling the border and setting themselves up as
judges of what was political
science and what wasn't."
UBC's political science
department made national
headlines earlier this year
following the release of
lawyer Joan McEwen's
catalogue of years worth
of systemic racism and
sexism within the department.
But students like Ocran
say UBC's political science
controversy merely brought to
the forefront issues simmering in
univeristy departments throughout North
America-particularly graduate departments.
Exclusive academic culture
According to Ocran, the working relationships between faculty and graduate
students are qualitatively different than
those of undergraduate students. Grad students are relatively fewer in number, and
their programs of study usually involve
close faculty supervision.
As McEwen noted in her report, every
department has a particular academic and
social culture, and graduate students are,
in theory, expected to be an integral part
of that culture.
"This is a
huge problem
that is just beginning to surface now.
It's a Pandora's box, and
it's opening wide."
-Kevin Dwyer,
GSS president
A chilly climate exists when some students are not equally included in that environment. Examples might include a faculty unaccustomed to having women or
people of colour in their PhD program, and are therefore unaware that the culture they've
developed may be inappropriate, unwelcoming
or exclusive.
But the chilly climate
can operate in more serious ways, as well, by
actively discouraging
certain students from
progressing in their programs.
"Some    admissions
committees in graduate
committees may not look as
favourably on applicants from
outside Canada that don't come from
the English-speaking commonwealth,"
Ocran cites as example.
"So if your background and social and
demographic characteristics have never
been part ofthe culture in that department,
that means the only way people can know
you is to include you, and if that doesn't
happen very quickly, then the way that
they treat you will be on the basis of stereotypes, prejudices and personal biases."
Diversity and change
Many see the chilly climate within a wider
cultural context; universities aren't the only
sectors of society currently grappling with
issues of change and diversity. The irony,
however, is that the academic culture may be
slower than others in recognizing and reacting
to these issues.
CFS National Graduate Caucus
spokeperson Allison Young says academia has
made little progress in developing the social
skills required of professors in a society that
has changed dramatically since most faculty
first began teaching twenty or thirty years ago.
"I think that with some academics generally, they've never really had to develop their
communications skills or have those skills held
accountable," says Young.
The exclusion of marginalized and minority groups in the classroom becomes part of a
cyclical, self-perpetuating malaise. Young
points out that without educational equity, the
demographic makeup of instructors isn't likely
to change.
"There's no educational equity happening
in order for us to get a pool of qualified
candidates from the designated groups—for
example women, those with disabilities,
aboriginal peoples, people of colour—under our
Human Rights law...there's not even a pool of
them to hire from in employment equity law,
because they have to put up with this kind of
Missed opportunities
Failure to recognize the need for change
not only results in missed opportunties for
students, but for faculty and entire departments as well.
"I think the irony is that these are all
isssues that academic social scientists should
be at the forefront of, and not at the end of
the line," Ocran says.
"I think that many faculty are missing the
boat by not seeing that every new generation of graduate students that comes down
the corridor is bringing with them new ideas,
and new opportunities.... Instead I think that
students perceived as bringing something
new in, whether by virtue of demographic
characterisitcs or by virtue of intellectual
interests, are perceived as a threat to what
are often moribund departmental and
institutional cultures."
Steve Wilson, Director of Student Affairs
for UBC's Graduate Student Society, calls
this gap between social reality and the academic environment "the fundamental antagonism" on modern campuses.
"You have people who are supposed to
be at the forefront of new thinking," he says,
"but at the same time the entire institution
is basically based on tradition. There is very
little written down on how these places are
supposed to operate—it's basically coming out
of a Middle Ages tradition. So how does the
Continued on page 2
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CHILLY cont. from p.1
university deal with that kind of
Generational gap
Allison Young sees a similar antagonism taking place along the
generational fault line that separates
most students and faculty.
"Most departments say they don't
have money to hire new professors,"
she explains. "Consequendy we do
have an aging faculty across the
country, and it's a very serious problem. Yes, these people should be
changing and should be made accountable, but part of the problem is
that we don't have an influx of new
people to force the change in other
directions as well.
Conflict between faculty and students and the chilly climate that
results from it are inevitable, Wilson
argues, given these demographical
"Universities are supposed to be
full of leading thinkers, but if you
haven't had any new faculty in
twenty years, and you have got this
very clear generational gap between the faculty and the students,
that's going to create all kinds of
conflicts, even just with disagreements about your academic
progress," says Wilson.
"If you have a student who's
coming in with ideas that are radically different than a supervisor
who's been in that system for
twenty-five years, that's just
grounds for trouble right there."
Power imbalances
"Often people have this idea
that graduate students are fully accepted members of an academic
community," says Ocran-an assumption she calls "patently false."
"A graduate student is, if anything, more vulnerable than undergraduates, and the farther you
progress in a graduate program the
more vulnerable you become."
It's a relationship of dependency that leaves many students reluctant to rock the boat, agrees
"You are totally dependent on
your good relationship [with
faculty]...for references, for departmental rankings, for scholarships,
for TA money, for future jobs...It's
very much this sort of in-bred, almost incestuous institution of academe and the whole graduate
thing," she says.
"You've got to be tight, and if
you're not, you're out."
"If that relationship suddenly
sours," Wilson asks, "how do you
deal with that? The university has
no really good mechanisms for
dealing with it."
Falling mercury
How chilly is UBC's climate?
According to Dwyer, it's near
the bottom of the thermometer—
and dropping.
"From my perspective around
campus, it's fairly cold, and I
think it's going to get worse.
There's a nexus, a convergence,
of all kinds of different issues,
whether it's reduced funding and
increased competition among
graduate students for that funding, a greater diversity of
demographics ofthe people coming into the graduate programs,
this clash of cultures in which you
have these older views that have
been entrenched for decades,
and you have new students coming up now and challenging on
the basis of legal knowledge,
knowing what their rights are under human rights legislation,"
says Dwyer.
"This is a huge problem that
is just beginning to surface now.
It's a Pandora's box, and it's
opening wide."
speaks at UBC
Tuesday, March 5
10:30 am
SUB Auditorium
special event
Friday, March 1
10 Studies Composed on the
System of Parsifal No. 10
Concert recital of Belkin Art
Gallery, 12:45pm.
Saturday March 2
3rd Annual March
Madness Madhatters
Ultimate Hat Tournament
Presented by UBC Ultimate
Frisbee Club. Osborne Fields,
9:00am-6:00pm. More info @
222-2731. Ask for Chris Lowe.
Sunday, March 3
3rd Annual March
Madness Madhatters
Ultimate Hat Tournament
Presented by UBC Ultimate
Frisbee Club. Osborne Fields,
9:00am-6:00pm. More info @
222-2731. Ask for Chris Lowe.
Monday, March 4
GLBUBC Lunch Social
Presented by Gays,
Lesbians, Bisexuals of
UBC. SUB 125N (down
stairwell next to The
Ubyssey office), 12:30pm.
GLBUBC Discussion Group
Presented by Gays, Lesbians,
Bisexuals of UBC. Graduate
Students Centre, in the penthouse library, 5:30-8:00pm.
Thuong Vuong-Riddick
Meet the author. Part of
Vancouver Public Library's
Series "In Celebration of
Women." Central Library, 350
W. Georgia, Peter Kaye Room
(lower level) 7:30pm.
Dr. Fred Saibil
Meet the author. Part of
Vancouver Public Library's
"Health Series." Central
Library, 350 W. Georgia,
Meeting Room #2,7:30pm.
Wednesday, March 6
GLBUBC General Meeting
Presented by Gays, Lesbians,
Bisexuals of UBC. SUB
211, 12:30pm.
Playwright Tomson Highway
Free lecture by the writer-in-
residence by Creative
Writing Dept. Freddy Wood
Theatre, 12:30-1:30pm.
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The Ubyssey
Friday, March 1,1996 news
Chewing the fat with our new vice-president
An interview with Lica Chui
by Janet Winters
How do you think the AMS has failed
at furthering the academic interests
of students in recent years?
I think the blaring example is
they just added academics to their
mission statement last year.
Before the AMS was only
concerned about furthering the
social goals of the students.
What's wrong with that?
There's nothing wrong with
that, but I think they're missing a
large part of why students are
here. We're a university, we're
here for an education. It's great
we're promoting the social and
personal contributions of
students, but not to the extent we
lose sight of the academic needs
as well.
How do you feel about the cuts to post
secondary education and the increase
in tuition fees students face?
It's inevitable. We, right now...
only pay about seventeen percent
of the cost of our education, and
when the federal government is
facing cutbacks because there's a
huge deficit. I don't see any
problem with asking students to
pay more of their education. I
think education is a privilege.
What I don't agree with is...talk
about 50 to 70 percent increases
in tuition next year. As a one time
step, I think it's too harsh.
If 50percent is too much, how much
should tuition fees be increased?
50 percent increase over ten
years is not a lot.
Why and how is building a larger
debt of student loans a solution ?
Actually that's really not my
area to discuss...building a larger
personal debt is not personally
rewarding, but when there's a
cost associated with something
who's going to pay for it other
than the person using it?
So why isn't education a right, and
why is it a privilege?
I think all you have to do is
look at some of the Third World
countries around where education's not a right.
Why should we be comparing
ourselves to Third World countries
when we can be comparing ourselves
to countries where education is a
fundamental right such as Nordic
I haven't made that comparison yet. My goals are the university.
Which AMS executive from last year
impressed you the most?
I can't say anyone did.
Who will you be supporting in this
year's provincial election?
I'm a Liberal at heart, I think.
How can you support a party which
advocates spending cuts when it could
ultimately affect post-secondary
education in BC?
I'm thinking as a citizen, too.
There are more voters who don't
go to university than voters who
do. We really have to look out for
society's good rather than one
select group.
"I don't see a
problem with
asking students to
pay more of their
You've stated one of your goals as
AMS vice-president would be "to
increase student input on university
decisions." Why then did you go
ahead and vote for the Coke deal
without insisting the issue go to
referendum first?
To me the Coke deal is a pure
business deal and I have spoken
with enough students that I had
the sense students were not really
Lica Chui settles into her new office.
concerned with the fact they can
only buy Coke on campus. They
could go to the Village.
What did you mean when you said,
"Our generation is for sale, "and why
did you say it?
I said that as a flippant remark
because the meeting was about
six hours long and I felt certain
individuals were not listening to
other members of council. [It
was] a sarcastic comment.
Do you intend to lobby for student
transit fares? If so, how?
It's a good thing to lobby for
them, but unrealistic. It all depends too on whether or not students are interested in having it
So if students are interested in
student transit fares, they can count
on you to lobby?
Yeah, I think it's always great
to have lower fees. Whether that's
realistic is the problem. University students are a very select
group of individuals in the city.
How can we justify to other members of society why we should
receive subsidized transit, subsidized education? I'm more a
citizen when it comes down to
these issues because eventually
we'll all pay taxes.
Part of your responsibilities for chairing the university commission includes
analyzing and lobbying the university on issues which significantly
affect many women such as childcare,
campus safety and equity. Are you a
feminist and what kind of spokesperson will you be for women on
If feminism is defined as
believing in equity of both sexes
then yes, I'm a feminist. I think
safety, child care [and] equity do
affect a large group of women,
but they also affect men as well.
Now that you 've been elected AMS
Vice President, what is your biggest
pledge to students for the upcoming
My biggest pledge is to care
about their academic needs. To
make sure students are actually
involved in the decision-making
process and also that students are
the concern of the university.
Academics is what I was running
on and academics, I believe, is
what I was voted in for. To make
sure their buildings are in repair,
their teachers can teach, the
teachers don't show up drunk. To
have students come out feeling,
"Wow, it was a privilege to come
here...and I'm going to be able
to do something with my
Are we going to see you at the next
tuition fee protest ?
Oh, definitely. Of course, I
have to qualify that. I'd have to
see who's organizing it-hope-
fully, it would be the AMS-and
what kind of people are there.
Were you at the last big rally
downtown ?
Why didn't you attend that rally?
Because I had class.
THE EAST TIMOR ALERT NETWORK is dedicated to publicizing Indonesia's genocidal occupation of East Timor.
Chomsky profits to
benefit East Timorese
by Sarah Galashan
The AMS voted to exercise UBC's social conscience Wednesday
night, donating $1000 to the East Timor Alert Network (ETAN), a
Canadian organization committed to raising awareness about the
Indonesian invasion and occupation of East Timor.
The donation will come from the proceeds ofthe AMS-sponsored
Noam Chomsky lecture at the Queen Elizabeth Theatre March 5.
"The Timorese people know that without international support like
this resolution, they can never force an Indonesian withdrawal," said ETAN
founder Elaine Briere in a presentation to council that included
photographs taken in East Timor just one year before the invasion.
"[East Timor] is one ofthe great tragedies of our era, and one for which the
West is entirely responsible."
While some councillors questioned whether the AMS should be
donating student funds to a cause they saw as outside council's
purview, Coordinator of External Affairs Allison Dunnet argued in
favour of the motion.
"The AMS considers itself a democratic organization and this is a
chance for us to defend democracy," Dunnet argued,
Further support came from Jeff Meyers, a first year Arts student
who believes "the AMS should be applauded for passing this
resolution, as it upholds the noble tradition of students as activists
and catalysts for change."
Friday, March 1,1996
The Ubyssey The Dead Twist the night away in a bogus Bronx
French Twist
opens today at the Park
by Peter T. Chattaway
In an age when "family values"
and "political correctness" continue
to do battle with the belligerent
grandstanding of professional wrestlers, it's refreshing to see a farce
that can knock the wind out of both
their sails without being too smug
in the process.
Josiane Balasko, in her fourth
outing as writer, director, and star,
got the first kink in her French Twist
from a news story about a woman
(Pedro Almodovar alumnus Victoria
Abril) who moved her lesbian lover
(Balasko) into the house to get even
with her philandering husband
(Alain Chabat). The premise is a pertinent one, given the privileged status still accorded to patriarchal
homophobes, but it begins to go
stale rather quickly because we
know whose side the director is on.
Or do we? No sooner has the love
triangle developed—and it is a
proper triangle, since Abril still gets
the hots for Chabat-than Balasko
begins to juggle the relationships in
every twosome possible. Rather
than leave Abril on her smug perch,
Balasko plays a sexual game of
musical chairs that gets everyone
their turn in the doghouse and in
bed before this three-way tryst
reaches its denouement.
As with the best and tartest
Eurocomedies, there's an implicit
Victoria Abril and Josiane Balasko do that dancin' thang to
taunt Abril's husband in FRENCH TWIST.
xenophobia at work here, from the
campy Crumble sisters (a giggling
English duo the Frenchmen turn to
when they ain't getting any at
home) to the subtle, Fawlty-esque
suggestion that the upset in libidos
is the fault of people who come from
While it's good to see the sexists
get their comeuppance, and it's
good to see female sexuality
handled relatively frankly, Balasko
still leaves her men unchallenged
in some respects. Chabat taunts
Balasko twice with his bared member, but it stays hidden from the
audience, in pure phallophobic film
ubyssey CiTR
ubc Ft cm society
F*     R
form, behind dark shadows and a
carefully positioned potted plant.
The epilogue makes an extremely
coy, if intriguing, suggestion that the
males might get their own turn to
tango sans les femmes, but it remains no more than a hint. But perhaps one shouldn't complain: by
that point, any new kink in the plot
would be one twist too many.
Things to Do in Denver
When you're Dead
opens today at the Capitol 6
by Amanda Growe
Any English teacher will tell you
that the title of Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead is a good example of alliteration. However, this
film is impressive, despite its predictable plot, because the director
and actors are having fun, and this
rubs off on the audience.
The movie focuses on Jimmy the
Saint (Andy Garcia)-a handsome
and tough, yet kind, ex-gangster.
Jimmy's business, the Afterlife Advice Company, is faltering, though
it presumably has a niche: videotaping the dying and making tapes
for their loved ones. Jimmy is "rescued" by his former boss (Christopher Walken), who gets him to
gether with the boys to do one last
favour for $ 10,000 apiece. Inevitably, something goes wrong and two
people get killed; now, their boss
calls them "buckwheats" (huh?) and
gives them a day or two to flee Denver or die.
While on paper Denver reads like
yet another genre cop-out, it is actually more of a gangster-dark comedy hybrid, similar to Pulp Fiction.
Director Gary Fleder succeeds in
pulling off an extremely odd script.
Never before have I heard sentences
like "The orthodontist has landed"
and "Girls who glide need men who
make them thump" uttered on
screen. With gory deaths aplenty,
humour brightens the movie and reminds the audience not to take the
violence seriously.
Jimmy's buddies are a strange
bunch, most notably a crazy boxer
named Critical Bm (Treat Williams)
and a porn-house film projectionist
(the ever-loony Christopher Lloyd).
Vancouver actress Fairuza Balk
plays a prostitute, and Steve
Buscemi [Reservoir Dogs' "Mr. Pink")
plays-what else?—a contract killer.
Also amusing, yet confusing, is
the love-interest situation between
Jimmy and Dagney (Gabrielle
Anwar). Their useless scenes together must have been included
simply so the hero could go to bed
with a beautiful woman and show
a few more emotions. This subplot
has no merit whatsoever, and
should have been left out.
The beauty of this movie is that
it is pure, unadulterated, mindless
entertainment. Yes, the characters
are stock, yes the plot is predictable, but it's also humorous and put
together quite well. Things to Do in
Denver When You're Dead is enjoyable for what it is, as one character
says of life, "It's like a mustard burp:
momentarily tangy, then forgotten
in the air."
Rumble in the Bronx
at the Granville 7
by Janet Winters
Picture Harbour Centre; in the
forefront, a Canada Post mailbox.
Look over and
you'll       see
Canada Place and a picturesque
view of the Cascades.
What suspiciously resembles our
hometown is supposed to be the
slums of New York City in the new
Jackie Chan film. Rumble in the
Bronx. Vancouverites should be particularly amused by this aspect of
the production.
The show begins with Keung
(Jackie Chan), a Hong Kong tourist,
visiting the Big Apple to attend his
Uncle Bill's wedding. It is only a
short matter of time before a goofy
biker gang wreaks havoc on this
simple plot and Uncle Bill's
neighbourhood. Thus Chan is given
an excuse to perform his acrobatic
martial arts.
While Chan's acting skills are almost non-existant, at least he
doesn't take himself as seriously as
his North American counterparts do
(Steven Segal, anyone?).
Like the script and storyline, the
acting in Rumble in the Bronx is very
bad. So much so, the end product
turns out to be hilarious. I laughed
at—not with—the film in the same
way I laughed at Sylvester Stallone
in First Blood. One might question,
though, whether these low calibre
productions should be released
even for cheap laughs.
The action itself is trite: the
humour makes it noticeable, but not
necessarily memorable. The inconsequential violence makes the
show's final scenes similar to old
Roadrunner episodes—Jackie Chan
appears invincible.
The Asian celebrity performs his
own stunts impressively, though. He
even broke his right ankle while
jumping onto a hovercraft and tenaciously persisted in completing
the production. Still, this is not
enough reason to go see Rumble in
the Bronx—especially for those who
prefer dramatic, cerebral films.
Those who like mindless fun may
enjoy watching it, but unless you
can bear to sit through a low quality film without mocking it. Rumble
in the Bronx could send you into a
laughing frenzy.
Dr. Suess, striped pyjamas a
Rodney Graham
at the Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery
until Mar 3
by Christopher Brayshaw
Rodney Graham is a Vancouver artist whose work
is often associated with the photo-conceptualist
school of Jeff Wall, Roy Arden, and Ian Wallace.
Graham's own work is characterized by its dry wit,
intellectual playfulness, and astonishing formal innovation. His first major retrospective showcases his
installation works, musical scores, /aux-minimalist
sculptures, and manufactured objects of all kinds.
Graham's works demand prolonged contemplation,
and the ability to synthesize knowledge from many
different fields. At times, they can seem deliberately
obscure, but repeat viewings help elaborate their hidden complexities.
In the far corner of the gallery is a cluster of little
metal carts that Graham calls Trollies, which bear
Rodney Grab
ate um society
to Sun. in the "Norm" Theotre in SUB
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9:30 Sudden Death
For 24-Hour Movie Listings call 822-3697
more than casual a resemblance to
the shelving trucks library workers push all over campus. A different Dr. Suess book is built into each
trolley: invisible at first glance, yet
readily apparent when you crouch
down for a closer look.
If the trollies, with their smooth
shiny surfaces and decorator colours, resemble mobile Minimalist
sculptures, then the Dr. Suess books
are an anarchic disruption of those
controlled geometries. The surreal and the repressed
return to haunt the routine. Such is also the case with
Graham's Abstracts of the Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works ofSigmund Freud, in which
a stack of aluminum boxes, modelled on a Donald
Judd sculpture, are redeployed as bookshelves.
The musical installations Parsifal and School of
Velocity alter pre-existant musical scores. In Parsifal.
a portion of Wagner's interminably
long opera is made to fall out of sequence with itself, its orchestral components repeating in endless mathematical permutation till they join
again in a little over 39 billion years.
School of Velocity is a series of piano
exercises "in which each sounded
UBC Film Society
Check for our flyers
in SUB 247.
. a film
The Ubyssey
Friday, March 1,1996 B.C. director documents Indian protest
Narmada: A Valley Rises
Feb 22 fundraiser for the Rungh
society at the Pacific Cinematheque
by E. Yeung
Ali Kazimi was born in Hyberabad, India in 1961 and has resided in Canada for
the past thirteen years. His experiences
in both cultures have given him a unique
appreciation for the issues that are common to both. As a scientist with a degree
in Physics and Chemistry, he has a knack
for observing the details of particular
cases; as a director, producer, writer and
cinematographer, he is able to tap into
themes that are common to all.
Kazimi got the idea for Narmada: A Valley Rises, his documentary feature, from
a university colleague who kept him
abreast of protests in the mid-1980s
against India's Sardar Sarovar Dam, which
threatens to drown the Narmada Valley
and its inhabitants who live there; the government began construction without even
informing the valley dwellers.
"Then I went to the valley in the fall of
'90," says Kazimi, "and I was completely
moved by the strength of the people and
the enormous amount of dedication and
courage they have, and by the issues, and
also by the valley. 1 used to do a train journey every summer to my grandmother's
place in the south of India from Delhi and
this valley was usually the most magical
and exciting part of the journey for me. It
was time to get off the train, meet the
people and look around."
In Narmada, Kazimi presents a very different picture of "Third World" people than
the "perpetual victims" the mass media
usually makes them out to be. "I think that
that is blatantly false," he says. "It not only
disempowers them but I also think it takes
away the power from the audience." Here,
they are shown as resilient people passionately fighting for their rights as human beings.
Instead of "looking to the West," the
Save Narmada Movement has refused to
take any foreign funding. Movement
leader Medha Patkar won the Goldman Environmental Award but she would not take
the US$40,000 cash prize because she believed it would "undermine her integrity."
The prize money is being distributed to
grassroots movements across Asia instead.
Kazimi says the movement also cannot
accept foreign funding because "the gov
ernment has tapped into this nationalist
agenda and has constantly said [activists]
are doing this for money, it calls them anti-
nationalists." Members of the "urban
elite," like Medha, "are viewed somewhat
as traitors to their privilege. That manifests itself through a great deal of suspicion about their motives. I have been
asked with absolute seriousness if she was
a CIA agent."
The industrialization and Westernization of India has greatly affected its country and people. "The protectionist attitude
within India—of not letting in multinationals, keeping in check the Westernization
and keeping away from the globalization
of trade—has completely evaporated."
Social change has also been very dramatic. 'The gap between the haves and the
have-nots has grown tremendously. There
used to be a social conscience in people in
the urban areas, but increasingly the
middle class has become like the middle
class everywhere: very fragmented and
isolated, more interested in preserving
its privileges and not caring much
about social issues. The urban areas, the more prosperous areas, become the First World «
within the Third World.
"Just because colonialism disappeared 40 years
ago doesn't mean that its
processes disappeared
with it. Projects like the
Narmada project are in
many ways a model of
internal colonization,   where   resources are taken
away from [rural]
people and then are
sold to people in urban areas."
Another important theme in
the film is the role of women in the
struggle. "Women in the tribal society, they have a lot more equality
than the women in mainstream India. Economic, social, sexual mobility is far greater and far superior within traditional tribal structures than in traditional 'Indian'
society, by which I mean Hindu
[and] Muslim [society]."
Medha Patkar, because of her
gender and social background, is in
a very powerful position. Because
she is a woman, she is able
to  motivate  and  mobilize
women. But also, as an English-
speaking, highly-educated ur-
banite, "when the male leaders
[of tribal groups] interact with
her, they don't respond to her
the same way as they would to
women in the valley. She is
above all that in a way."
Medha Patkar, a leader in the Save
featured in Ali Kazimi's NARMADA;
Some of the gender-based divisions
in labour are already breaking down.
"During the march, for example, women
would constantly chide men to go and
do the cooking, and men would go and
cook. They would say, 'We have been
marching just as much as you've been
marching, so why should we cook
Since the making of the film, the Save
Narmada Movement has had further success. The World Bank conducted an independent review and withdrew its
funding from the project (which consisted of only about ten percent of the
total cost, but was a significant gesture nonetheless).
"The Indian government said that
this was crazy, this was a foreign plot
and blah, blah, blah," so it conducted its
own review which resulted in similar conclusions to those of the World Bank.
In one of the more interesting revelations, the study concluded that 80 percent
of the submerged Valley could be protected if the height of the dam was reduced
by 19 ft. The results were hidden.
Medha went on a hunger strike to demand the release of the results. The Supreme Court has set a date in the spring
for a hearing; until then the height of the
dam may not be increased. Kazimi suspects the government may not have
enough money to finish the project, though
he notes that what has been built has already destroyed 20 villages.
Already, Kazimi notes that there are
many parallels to the Narmada movement
are evident within Canada: generally,
the struggles of First Nations people,
and more specifically, projects like
Peace River and James Bay. "I think
It would be very hard for people to
put on blinkers and say that this
is only happening out there and
walk away from it. It would
take an enormous act of self-
Narmada may have
something to say to other
nations, too. "My intention was to make this
story as specific as possible so that it would
then become universal."
In   that   regard,
Kazimi has succeeded.
Narmada Movement, as
A Valley rises.
nd Sigmund Freud
am's SCHOOL OF VELOCITY at the Belkin Gallery.
note is an analogue for the successive points of descent occupied by a pianist perforating Czerny's original exercises while in free-fall."
My favorite piece, Halcion Sleep,
consists of a pair of striped pyjamas
hung in a display case. An accompanying 35-minute film involves a
single shot: Graham in a chemically-
assisted sleep in the back of a car,
being driven from his childhood
home in Coquitlam to his new home
in Vancouver. At first, Graham looks
a little silly sprawled in the back
seat, but the longer you watch, the
more moving the film becomes. It's
a dark, rainy night. A wiper flips
back and forth on the rear window, niuminated signs
flash by: restaurants, motels, the tail lights of passing
cars. Graham's middle-aged appearance contrasts
with his striped pyjamas, which suggests a childhood
costume. Graham's journey in the car represents his
journey through life, from childhood through middle
age to the final "halcyon sleep" of death.
Like Graham's best work, Halcion Sleep is funny,
complex, and formally shinning. The rest of the retrospective is just as good, making it the best exhibition at the Morris and Helen Belkin Gallery to date.
And it's accompanied by a handsome catalog ($65)
containing essays, a catalog raisonne of Graham's
work and, as a bonus, a new "Freud Supplement"
produced specifically for the retrospective.
2nd Floor 2174 W. Parkway
Vancouver, B.C.
University Village
per hour
(10< per minute)
600 dpi b/w
Laser Prints
*Also Available
Colour Laser Prints j
Sale Ends: March 15. 1996 i
Mon to Fri Bam - 9pm • Sat to Sun 10am - 6pm
Ti.e use
essay contest
Subject: The responsible use of freedom
Prize:      $1000.00 for the best original essay.
Deadline for
Submission:      May 31st ofthe current year
Details and application forms from:
M.C. Harrison
1509. 1450 Chestnut Street
Vancouver, B.C.
V6J 3K3
• All 3rd and 4th year undergraduate and graduate
UBC students are eligible to enter the contest.
• Essays are to be typewritten on numbered pages
with double spacing. They are to be in triplicate
and of approximately 3,000 words.
• The prize will be awarded on August 31st
of this calendar year.
Committee of Judges:
T.James Hanrahan, CSB, BA, MA, LMS, Chair
Dr. Robert M. Clark, Pr. Emeritus Economics
Dr. Kurt Preinsperg, Pr. Philosophy
Dr. Margaret Prang, Pr. Emerita History
Dr. Paul G. Stanwood, Pr. English
The committee reserves the right to withhold the
prize if no appropriate essay is received or to divide
it if it proves impossible to judge between excellent
Friday, March 1,1996
The Ubyssey opinion
Lack of progress leaves students out in the cold
Tl here is no sign of an impending spring thaw to
the current chilly climate here at UBC or on campuses across Canada.
As the attention on the political science department
has decreased, so has the temperature on campus for
many students; issues of racial and gender discrimination have almost completely disappeared from the headlines.
Despite the change, there has been no sign of any meaningful progress in addressing the concerns of women and
people of colour within the political science department
or any other at UBC.
The furor surrounding the McEwen report and the way
it was handled by the mainstream press served in many
ways to further marginalize those persons pushing for the
inclusion of alternative views within the curriculum. Some
professors now view feminist theory, for example, as
something they are compelled, if not bullied, into incorporating into their classes.
By misrepresenting legitmate complainants as the "politically correct police," the mainstream press and others
have made professors antagonistic towards alternative
views. This has forced many to overlook the value of the
ground-breaking research being done in areas like gender theory.
111 hvcQaFir        March 1 -1 "6
' \XVJ J OOVJ volume 77 issue 40
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press.
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by The Ubyssey
Publications Society at the University of British Columbia. Editorial
opinions expressed are those of the newspaper and not necessarily
those of the university administration or the Alma Mater Sodety.
Editorial Office: Room 241K, Student Union Building,
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Ah, tbeloquaciry of a night at The Ubyssey. The flux de bouche of jenn Kuo. The
multfloquenee of Peter T. Chattaway. The garrulousness of Matt Thompson. Oh, the
risibility of a night at The Ubyssey. The boffola of Irfan Dhalia. The titter of Siobhan
Roantree. Lo, the bewailing of a night at The Ubyssey. The keening of Joe Clark. The
ulalatkra of .Federico Barahona. Ay, the asininjty of a night at The Ubyssey. The
trimngness of Scott Hayward. The sheer desipience of Christine Price. Arrr, the stridor
of a night atThe Ubyssey. The raucity of Sarah Galashan. The stertorousness of Morgan
Burke. The gutterality of E, Young. Oooh, the....
"Take that goddammed thesaurus away from that idiot!" a discombobulated
Christopher Brayshaw yelled.
"Ayyyyyeeeeee.* Mike Kitchen's cacaphony ended when Jesse Gelber ran him
through the waxing machine.
Amanda Growe and Janet Winters split the thesaurus in two and buried the halves
: at opposite ends of the Earth. And we laughed.   :
Coordinating Editor: Siobhan Roantree
Copy Editor: Sarah O'Donnell
News Editor: Matt Thompson
Culture Editor; Peter T, Chattaway
Sports Editor: Scott Hayward
National/Features Editor: Federico Barahona
Production Coordinator; Joe Clark
Photo Coordinator: Jenn Kuo
Ultimately, these new critical approaches need to be included in our curriculum not because they represent some
passing academic fancy or because reportedly "hysterical"
activist groups demand it; these approaches need to be included because they make for good social science. That issues of gender and race play a profound (and fascinating)
role in the dynamics of social power has become obvious
even to the blindest among us. Recent events at universities
like UBC or the University of Manitoba or Victoria offer
clear evidence of this fact in themselves. The current prejudice against these approaches displays the kind of ignorance
academics have always shown when confronted with a perceived threat to their disciplinary fiefdoms—circle your wagons; brand the innovators as heretics.
One can hardly blame them, in some respects. Many
professors are confronted with the fact that they no longer
know as much about the society of which they are a part
than they thought they did, and this must be a jarring
and difficult process for any academic. But to be on the
receiving end of this antagonism is far worse; to know-
perhaps from personal experience as a woman or person
of colour—that the world is one way, and to be informed
that for the purposes of scholarship, at least, it isn't-this
is potentially the most traumatic of all. If students are
angry about this fact, can we really blame them?
letters ~~~~—~
Rex Murphy:
fodder figure
Making jokes about political
foes is an effective way of destroying them in the public's eye.
Gerald Fordjoe Clark and Mike
Harcourt are examples. Rex
Murphy on CBC Prime Time
made jokes about ozone destruction, global warming and the
credibility ofthe vast majority of
scientists who warn us against
these risks. This winter's cold no
more denies global warming
than the hundreds of Americans
dying last summer in a heat wave
proves global warming.
Global warming is caused by
the burning of fossil fuels which
grow directly with the growth of
Perhaps the suggestion made
by scientists that killing seals
gives no guarantees of saving cod encourages Rex, a
Newfoundlander, to belittle
them in a land where it's
politically useful to slaughter
250 thousand of them. It's only
mankind's demand for a greater
share of the cod because of our
growing numbers that justifies
this killing.
Maybe there is a problem in
what Rex reads. A few months
To seriously address the issues of systemic racism or
sexism we first must acknowledge they exist, and doing
that involves challenging some popular assumptions.
Given the racial divisions that exist on this campus, for
example, students may actually leave UBC harbouring
prejudices more pronounced than when they arrived.
The irony applies on a broader level as well. Universities are, at least in theory, expected to be leading institutional lights and disseminaters of progressive thought and
knowledge. But back when national attention was still
focused on the political science department (which many
students say is actually worse now than it has ever been),
UBC became a public centre of regressive thought and a
prime broadcast site for the neo-conservatist backlash.
Individuals professing to be learned social scientists went
so far as to defend criminal behavior (i.e., sexual harassment) under the ill-defined guise of something called "academic freedom," a concept which apparently applied only
to those who, in reality, needed it the least, and not at all
to the young academics-namely students-seeking the
freedom to pursue avenues of academic enquiry some
intransigent fossils perceived as a threat.
Only when academia realizes the inherent worth of
alternative points of view will we be able to look forward
to any thaw in the current chilly climate.
ago he recommended we read
Popejohn-Paul's recent book. I
find no evidence in his writing
of concern for the environment.
The Vatican seems unconcerned about species extinction
because only humans have
'souls.' It teaches that large families are God's will, no sex
without the chance of procreation so no contraceptives, etc. It
denies that achieving a sustainable human population level as
soon as possible is necessary in
achieving a sustainable treatment ofthe environment.
In fact the chances of me seeing that book are about as great
as Grace MacCarthy's [sic] of
seeing Dave Barrett's underwear.
You can do something about
this. You can recommend to
CBC Television's Royal
Canadian Air Farce that Rex
Murphy be the next target ofthe
Chicken Cannon.
Ken McLean
Wake up and
save the earth
I'm always pleasantly surprised
when articles are written and
published in BC about the
monumental environmental
problems that humanity faces.
Thus Nicholas Read's review of
Hope Human and Wild, {The Vancouver Sun, Feb. 24) and his later
article about the need to
strengthen proposed Canadian
endangered species legislation
were great. The book review
quotes the great pessimism of Al
Gore about our willingness to
change drastically enough to
save the planet. This should be a
wake up call, since he isn't some
unwashed tree hugger, but the
Vice President of the US.
In Gore's book Earth in the Balance, we read 'No goal is more
crucial to healing the
global environment that [sic]
stabilizing human population.'
Regarding International
Women's Day, I believe women
would advance their just cause
for equal treatment this way.
They should demand empowerment as a means of stopping
population growth. Then they
wouldn't just be another group
demanding their rights like men,
the poor, advocates of lower immigration, etc. They would be
correction [sic] human wrongs
against the environment.
This brings to mind the recent
meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of
Science. The report of the
meeting stated we would need
two more planets like the earth
to sustain the present population
if everyone lived as lavishly as
we do in North America. Even if
what we do today were sustainable, the third world won't
put up with the poverty it is
experiencing now.
Why, some may ask, should we
believe the scientists. It was they
who laid the intellectual foundations for the Industrial Revolution and the more recent Green
Revolution, which were needed
to house and feed the exploding
populations over the 100 or so
years. We are looking to them to
come up with solution [sic] for
problems. These include the
reduction in food production per
person over the last 15 years, acid
rain, global warming, holes in the
ozone layer, etc.
Maybe we should listen and
take action to create the political
will to start the difficult changes
that wc face.
This is not to exclude religious
solutions. Thinking of other
species as our neighbors [sic] that
we must 'love as ourselves' is the
kind of help religious thinking
can provide. We'll all be needed
in this greatest challenge that
humanity has ever faced.
Ken McLean
LETTERS POLICY: Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. "Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but under 750 words and are run according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given to letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is time sensitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run unless the identity of the writer has been verified. Please include your phone number, student number and signature (not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be checked when submissions are dropped off at the office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
The Ubyssey
Friday, March 1,1996 sports
Coaches talk low, slow, don't say too much
by Scott Hayward
"We have two mottos here: No
turning back and no excuses." So
says UBC men's basketball
coach Bruce Enns, whose team
hosts the Alberta Golden Bears
in the Canada West finals at War
Memorial Gym this weekend.
Enns, recently named Canada
West coach of the year, and his
Alberta counterpart Don
Horwood, don't want to be too
specific about their teams'
strategies for the weekend series.
However they both expressed
respect for their opponents.
Their last meeting was at UBC
in January when UBC took over
sole possession of first place in
Canada West. "You have to slow
them down, they like to play
really up tempo," Horwood said.
"The last time we were out here,
they completely controlled the
tempo and ran over us.
The Bears will have to contain
Ken Morris, who was second in
Canada West averaging 26.9
points per game. "But the
problem with UBC.. .is that they
have way more horses than just
Morris," Horwood said. "They
have an awful lot of weapons to
key on."
UBC has a small height
advantage, but not enough to be
a factor. However, the series
could get physical—the last time
the teams played a fight nearly
broke out when the Bears' Tally
Sweiss practically mugged T-Bird
Dave Buchanan late in the game.
UBC will have to guard
Alberta's leading scorer, Greg
DeVries who averaged 25.5
points per game, and their top
rebounder Murray Cunningham.
Enns has assigned Mark Tinholt
to watch Cunningham early, but
he "is the kind of guy you don't
stop with one person, so we
certainly intend to double team
him a lot and we intend to play a
number of people," he said.
Horwood agreed. "I don't
think one player can stop Murray
from scoring," he said. "I expect
that they are going to be pretty
rough with Murray under the
"What's kind of interesting is
they always cry about how
Murray gets beaten up," Enns
countered. "Murray doesn't get
beaten up by anybody, he is a
very, very hard competitor. He's
Birds vs Bears: how they match up
Season Series:
UBC won three of four games
against Alberta this season,
splitting a series in Alberta last
November and swept them rather
convincingly at War Memorial
this January.
Edge: Birds
Alberta coach Don Horwood,
who has coached the Bears to two
consecutive CIAU championships. UBC coach Bruce Enns has
been named Canada West coach
of year, guiding the Birds to a
16-4 record and number one
ranking in the country after they
were predicted to finish last in
Canada West.
Edge: even
Both teams are loaded with
talent in the back-court.UBC's
Ken Morris and Alberta's Greg
DeVries lead their teams in
scoring and have very similar
styles and numbers. T-Bird Dave
Buchanan has the edge on Bear
Tally Sweiss when it comes to
knocking down treys. Also, watch
for 6'3" Brady Ibbestson to come
off the bench sparking the Birds
both defensively and offensively.
Edge: Birds
This is Alberta's strength. UBC
will have its hands full with 6'6"
Murray Cunningham who
averaged close to 20 points per
night in three of four games
against the Birds. He is
complemented up-front by 6'4"
Greg Sale and the often
underrated 6'6" Peter Knechtel.
The Birds counter with John
Dumont, who can explode for 40
points if his game is on. Mark
Tinholt leads the Birds in
rebounding, but he has struggled
offensively at times this year, and
Eric Butler has come on strong
down the stretch this season.
If UBC gets out-rebounded
early, they could be in trouble.
Should that happen, expect 6'7"
Curtis Mepham and 6'7" Joel
Nickel to get more floor time for
UBC. Mepham also has a strong
outside game and is UBC's best
free-throw shooter.
Edge: Bears
Free-throw shooting:
It could make or break the T-
Birds. If they continue to struggle
from the line like they did last
week against the Calgary, the
Birds may be in for a long (and
perhaps) losing series. Calgary
couldn't capitalize on UBC's
missed free-throws, but Alberta
just might.
Edge: Bears.
This is definitely UBC's
strength, and could prove to be
decisive. Alberta's scoring comes
primarily from three players:
DeVries,   Cunningham   and
about 250 lbs, 6'6" and he's
probably as tough an inside
player as there is in the country."
Enns says that the Birds will
have to play at both ends of the
court. "It's going to be very
important that we are able to
put pressure on their shooters
and not let them dominate the
inside game," he said. "We've
got to do good things on offence
and make sure they have to
expend an awful lot of energy
guarding us."
MARK TINHOLT drives to the net against Calgary. He will be assigned to
guard Alberta's Murray Cunningham this weekend.
Knechtel. If they run into foul
trouble or don't produce, Alberta
will go down hard because their
bench is as shallow as the Federal
Tory caucus. UBC has no fewer
than seven players of starting
calibre, followed by an excellent
cast of second line replacements.
Edge: Birds
The Bears know what it takes
to win the big games. They have
experience (three players in their
final year) and are the two-time
defending CIAU champs. They
also beat UBC in last year's playoff, and have momentum on their
side. They crushed Victoria Vikes
last   week,   while   the   Birds
struggled against the Calgary
Dinosaurs even though they
swept the series.
However, last weekend was a
wake-up call for the T-Birds.
Expect them to be more focused,
especially on defence. They will
further enjoy home-court
advantage, something they
lacked a year ago. Should the
series go to a third game, home-
court advantage will favour the
Birds. Also expect Ken Morris to
play the basketball of his life.
Edge: Even
The Ubyssey predicts:
T-Birds in three.
Get more than
a summer Job..
with the Student Work
Abroad Programme
Experience living and working in another country.
Find out more! Come to a SWAP information session
Thursday March 7th
SUB-Room 214
for more information on SWAP contart Travel CUTS:
**TDAVn  ClirC   SUB or Village Office
**llfAVLLUUl9   822-6890 or 221-6221
SWAP is a programme ofthe Canadian Federation of Students
rtivixjsw^^ jje receipt w nfiefe
Grapnel Friday, Maij
If you are a woman and a UBC student, we want you to work oilj|jr Women's
Issue: for more mfo contact Siobhan or Sarah in SUB 241k or cafl822^230f.
Mehre Khan where are you?
Friday, March 1,1996
The Ubyssey sports
Women first, men second at CIAU finals
by Scott Hayward
UBC swimmers made a splash
at the CIAU finals in Guelph,
Ontario last weekend.
The women's team dominated
the competition, easily taking first
place, while the men came in a
close second behind Calgary in
the 23-team competition.
The women's team was favoured on paper going into the
competition, and they didn't dis
appoint. Triumphant in seven of
sixteen individual events with five
different swimmers taking the
middle spot on the podium, UBC
also prevailed in all three relays,
setting new CIAU records in the
4x100m and 4x200m relay
The women finished the
tournament with 546 points.
Their nearest rivals were Calgary
with 402 amd Toronto with 308.
Annual fencing
meet held at UBC
by Morgan Burke
Oyer 100 fencers from
across BC, Washington, and
Oregon converged on UBC's
Osborne Gym last weekend to
compete at the Stephen Lazar
Memorial Tournament.
The men's epee event attracted some of the top fencers
in Canada. Former under-18
world champion Laurie Shong
and junior national team
member Omer Arbel fought
for first place, with Shong
prevailing 15-14.
UBC's Brendan Robertson,
nursing a nagging hip injury,
led the varsity standings. He
scored an upset victory over
fencing coach Ken Woodward
before going down to defeat at
the hands of former national
pentathlon champion Alan Foster of Victpria who finished
with a bronze medal.
In the men's foil, UVic's
Colin Phelan nudged UBC's
Julian Tang out of the medal
standings with a 15-10 win.
Phelan finished third while
Tang came fifth in a field of 40.
Vancouver high school student Magda Krol, ranked
•fourth in Canada, was set to
dominate the women's events.
She trounced her nearest
competitor, American Barb
Toddheiner, 15-3 in the foil
However, in a startling quarterfinal upset in the epee,
unseeded Jackie Pearce
defeated Krol, and then went
on to take the gold.
"Calgary came at us pretty
hard in the first day-and-a-half of
the meet," coach Tom Johnson
said. "By the middle ofthe second
session, it was pretty obvious that
they didn't have the guns.
"We just started filling finals
with two, three and sometimes
four swimmers. When you're getting that kind of representation,
the point score tends to add up
pretty quickly in your favour."
"If we could get four
or five onto the
[Olympic] team, that
would be an outstanding performance."
—UBC Swim coach
Tom Johnson
On the men's side, UBC
scored 414, just behind Calgary
who had 427. Third place went
to Alberta with 390 points.
Assistant coach Randy Bennett
was pleased with the improvement
over their seventh place finish last
year, "but you get that close and
it's disappointing not to win."
The men had a chance to win
the tournament in the last race,
the 4x100m relay; they needed to
come in first with a fifth place finish from Calgary. The Dinos
came fourth, however, and UBC
managed only a sixth place finish. "They swam their hearts out.
By the time we got to the point
where we could win the meet
(W) 100m Butterfly
Sarah Evanetz
(W) 400m Freestyle
Sarah Evanetz, Marcia Kirby,
Donna Wu, Anita Lee
(W)  100m Backstroke
Glencora Maughan
(M) 100m Backstroke
Dustin Hersee
(W) 50m Butterfly
Alex Ruiz
(W) 50m Freestyle
Anita Lee
(W) 200m Butterfly
Sarah Evanetz
(W) 800m Freestyle
Glencora Maughan, Alex Ruiz,
Donna Wu, Sarah Evanetz
(W) 800m Freestyle
Donna Wu
(M) 200m Backstroke
Greg Hamm
(W) 100m Freestyle
Anita Lee
(M) 1500m Freestyle
Brett Creed
(W) 400m Medley
Glencora Maughan, Anita Lee,
Sarah Evanetz, Alex Ruiz
UBC COLLECTED gold medals thirteen times this past weekend, winning
ten individual events and three relays.
there just wasn't enough left,"
Bennett said.
Six UBC women and three
men have qualified for the Olympic trials in Montreal to be held
in late March and early April, and
will begin preparing for that meet.
"They're going to start unloading right now. They're going to
start cutting back on their volume
and on the frequency of their
practices," Johnson said. "The
technical side of their preparation
becomes more and more into focus: the starts, the turns, points
of technique, trying to refine
"They have to also practice the
mental side of the decisionmaking...making the right decision under pressure: do I press
on or push through? Do I move
now or move later?"
The swimmers begin "a lot of
mental prep right now and race
rehearsal," Bennett added.
"[They] need to feel their swims
and get themselves very aroused
in the next five weeks to the point
where they go there and hit a
great swim."
Johnson says that except for
Sarah Evanetz who will swim four
races, most athletes will concentrate on their best one or two
events in Montreal. They will be
fully rested and shaved. "It's no
holds barred," he said.
"Out of those nine kids, if we
could get four or five onto the
[Olympic] team, that would be an
outstanding performance."
about the people who make it.
,v *e* ^"^competition * 3akarta. A song contest in Bolivia.
***    _r* ^ u .m whitehorse and Havana.
•   magazine that takes you to every musical corner of the globe.
1 Vill
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Sundays at 5pm on CBC Stereo 105.7
The Ubyssey
Friday, March 1,1996


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