UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 23, 1978

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 IH occupation scheduled
[Vol. LX, No. 65
VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1978    -C^°4S    228-2301 J
Dissenting directors decide
following tumultous meeting
A group of International House directors is organizing a rally and occupation of the house to protest the alleged arrogance and insensitivity of
its executive director Colin Smith.
Student director Saf Bokhari said after the break-up of a tumultuous
board of directors meeting Wednesday that the group decided to stage the
occupation because it has become impossible to make changes through
the board.
"There's no way we want to deal with Smith or the chairman of the
board anymore. It's a kind of desperate situation."
Chairman Biren Jha adjourned
craig heale photo
MANAGEMENT WORKERS LEAVE heating plant after filling in for striking steam engineers. Supervisors,
recruited by university administration, get RCMP escort to and from job while hidden electronic eyes scan
picketing workers. RCMP avoided photographer and joked with picketers out of camera range.
Cameras, cops mar sfrike
Whistling presidents carrying
chocolate cakes, $24,000 a year
scab labor, RCMP escorts and
hidden cameras are among the
more intriguing aspects of a
month-old strike at UBC.
Rank and file members of the
International Union of Operating
Engineers local 882, who walked
off the job Feb. 21, said Wednesday
the university is playing politics
rather than bargaining in good
Union members, none of whom
wanted to be identified, produced a
list of 24 supervisory personnel
who have been recruited to do the
steam engineers' work for the
duration of the strike. There are
about 50 additional scabs, strikers
Two of the supervisors are the
strikes:'   direct   supervisors   who
have no choice but to work, one
man said. He said the two men,
who are working 12-hour shifts, are
staying at the Faculty Club in case
there are emergencies.
This is why the union picketed
the Faculty Club Monday, union
business manager Bill Kadey said
Wednesday. Picketing of the club,
which was forced to close at one
point, ended Wednesday.
"Our quarrel is not with them
(the immediate supervisors),"
said one striker. "They're only
certified personnel working in the
heating plant.
"Our quarrel is with those people
who have university jobs who cross
the picket lines."
Those people, (according to
strikers), include SUB proctor Ed
Trewin, physical plant head
Neville Smith, physical plant
assistant head F. A. Keetley and
Wolfgang      Felix,      assistant
superintendent of staff operations.
Picketers say Felix is a "hatchet
boy" who works in administration
vice-president Chuck Connaghan's
office. As vice-president in charge
of administrative services, Connaghan is responsible for
bargaining from the administration's end.
The picketers say Felix's main
job is to strike-break and that he
does nothing else during the rest of
the year. Connaghan could not be
reached for comment.
And they describe many of the
other scabs as "glorified janitor
foremen" who have worked their
way up from menial jobs and are
seeking- approval from the administration.
The replacement workers are
not competent, according to the
strikers, ' although some are
professional engineers.
See page 7: STEAM
Step aside, Henny Youngman
Opposition leader Dave Barrett gave an ex-premier
performance at UBC Wednesday, complete with
flamboyant gestures, trembling voice and insults
about big business and the Socred government.
Barrett, lighter by many seats and pounds since he
last visited UBC in 1975, stuck to fertile areas such as
unemployment and nationalism to entertain the
sympathetic audience that jammed SUB auditorium.
Although "fat li'l Dave," as he once referred to
himself, has changed his figure, he hasn't changed
his speaking style. Always a master of timing,
Barrett was in top form as he threw out one-liners,
switching from thundering oratory to whispering
supplication in a few seconds.
The audience loved it.
Among Barrett's topics was government ownership of corporations versus private ownership.
The Socreds, said the MLA for Vancouver East,
complained, every time the NDP government bought
out a privately owned company. Now they
congratulate themselves for the profits most of the
companies are generating.
Barrett said companies such as the B.C. Petroleum
Corporation are  making  sizable  profits  for  the
"They (the Socreds) are bragging about it (B.C.
Petroleum) when they fought tooth and nail against
it," he said.
Asked by one rather belligerent member of the
audience why he had not mentioned the Insurance
Corporation of B.C. in his speech Barrett declared
ringingly that he was proud to mention the controversial corporation.
"I'm proud to mention ICBC especially when Dr.
Pat (McGeer, minister in charge of the corporation)
takes out ads boasting about how well it's doing," he
"People forget history, especially the editorial
pages of the Vancouver Sun."
Leadership — or a lack thereof — from provincial
and federal governments was another issue raised by
the former premier.
Barrett returned to this topic more than once in his
speech but said the same thing each time — it's about
time governments started to provide some leadership
and make some decisions.
See page 3: SEPARATISM
the meeting amid shouting and
disarray and stalked out of the
room with Smith after a heated
argument about the presence of a
Ubyssey reporter and Dave Jiles,
Alma Mater Society director of
The argument came after Jha
opened the meeting with a speech
condemning a report by a committee of IH directors which
recommends the university board
of governors conduct "a full investigation into the purposes and
priorities of International House,
the policy and performance of the
executive director, and the present
"I find the two reports (draft and
final) incredibly injudicious," Jha
said angrily. "I believe that a great
disservice has been done to this
board and to the reputation of
International House."
Jha ignored repeated points of
order by other directors who
wanted to reply.
The 15-page report outlines
complaints from International
House members that Smith is an
insensitive administrator who has
alienated many students and
discouraged student activity.
It concludes that "a serious
rupture has occurred between the
director and many leading
members of International House"
and that the present situation is
The board of directors set up the
four-member grievance committee in November after
allegations were made of
irregularities in the elections for
student representatives at IH.
But Jha adjourned the meeting
before the report could be
discussed. Grievance committee
member Bokhari said after the
meeting that the committee will
now have to by-pass the other
directors and go directly to the
board of governors.
"He (Jha> just used this (the
presence of Jiles and the reporter)
as an excuse to adjourn the
meeting. He just didn't want the
report to come up."
Five board members, including
Smith and Jha, left the room but
nine others stayed behind to
discuss what to do about Jha's
dictatorial behaviour at the
meeting and the general
dissatisfaction at IH.
"The purpose of this (the
demonstration) is to tell people
that the chairman of the board is
biased and authoritarian,"
Bokhari said.
An occupation of International
House would also put pressure on
the university board of governors
to improve conditions at IH and
deal with the grievance report, he
The rally will begin in front of IH
at 12 noon March 30 and demonstrators will march to the office of
administration president Doug
Kenny to present a petition complaining about Smith's allegedly
authoritarian attitude toward
The grievance committee report
One more
All good things must come to an
end, but then again so must The
Yep, the staff of the best rag west
of Blanca is going off to hibernate
and beg forgiveness from the
power moguls housed in the
monolithic Buchanan Tower.
But to relieve our masochistic
tendencies we'll be around to put
out one more issue. The absolute
last date for letter submissions,
'Tween Classes and Hot Flashes is
Thursday, March 30, at noon.
Sic transit gloria mundi.
take my jokes, please" Pag* 2
Thursday, March 23, 1978
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torn          r         : LullW,r±Uuifi
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FINEST Thursday, March 23,  1978
Pag* 3
Groups give SA financial finger
OTTAWA (CUP) — Canadian
churches, labor unions, student
organizations and non- _
governmental agencies plan to pull
their money out of banks loaning
money to South Africa or its state-
owned corporations in the next few
World development agencies
kicked off a national campaign
Tuesday in Ottawa to urge
Canadians to take their money out
of our banks that deal with apartheid nations.
The representatives explained
the groups had taken the decision
only after "several years of patient
negotiations with the banks when
it became obvious they were
totally unwilling to justify or even
disclose their dealings with the
racist South African government."
"The Canadian banks will
respond only if the Canadian public
fake issue,
Barrett says
From page 1
"There is a timid group of sycophantic nincompoops running
British Columbia," he said.
"This is a run and hide government. Every time we've had a need
for some decision the premier (Bill
Bennett) takes off.
"Who's running the show around
here? They (the 'government)
spend most of their time rolling
back odometers, I guess. I don't
And the federal government did
not escape Barrett's nimble
"You think about this country
that is now going through the
throes of another choice between
Pierre Clark and Joe Trudeau."
Referring to Trudeau's campaign slogan in 1974, "the land is
strong," Barrett was caustic,
delivering one of the better lines of
the day.
"I don't know whether they're
talking about the cabinet's breath
or Ontario cheese."
The difference between former
W. A. C. Bennett and his son,
current premier Bill Bennett
Barrett said, is "the old man" had
some direction while the son's
government   seems   purposeless.
"There's that old adage about
the apple falling close to the tree,"
he said.
"Well, this one's rolling further
down the hill all the time."
He said students have been
fooled into believing that if they
conform and behave they will get
"You'd tetter start thinking
about political structures and get
involved in the political life. It is a
cop-out to turn cynical, to say they
(political parties) are all the same.
"Once these words are out of
your mouth you have an obligation
to put yourself up front. Otherwise,
shut up.
"It's not theory any more, it's
becomes informed of the intolerable conditions of the black
majority in South Africa and when
they learn their money is being
used to support racism through our
Canadian banks," one unidentified
spokesperson said.
"The argument that bank loans
create a better life for blacks is
without foundation," said a church
Public campaigns in Europe and
the United States have been successful in forcing banks to refuse
loans to South Africa until apartheid is abolished. The Amsterdam-Rotterdam     Bank,      the
Allemegne Bank and 10 U.S. banks
have declared that no further loans
will be made. And Citibank, the
second largest bank in the U.S.,
announced March 11 it would not
make any further balance of
payment loans to the South African
government or its  corporations.
The CLC, CUPE and NUS have
all started removing their funds
from the Royal Bank of Canada,
the Bank of Montreal, the Toronto-
Dominion Bank and the Canadian
Imperial Bank of Commerce,
which all deal with South Africa.
The Canadian University Services Overseas, will give the banks
it deals with until June 16 to change
their policies or it will take its $11
million annual account elsewhere.
June 16 is the anniversary of the
1976 violence in the black township
of Soweto.
The organizations are urging
their members and all Canadians
to put their funds in credit unions
or caisse populaires rather than
deposit funds in the offending
The national campaign opening
was marked by demonstrations in
Halifax, Toronto, Ottawa, Winnipeg, Regina, Saskatoon, Edmonton
and Vancouver.
Pickets in Regina handed out
more than 4,500 pamphlets in front
of the main offices of banks with
financial involvement in South
"Today was a successful first
step for a longer campaign," said
one picketer. "Hundreds of people
now know something about what
their banks are doing. I was surprised at the good reception we
received from many people on the
"Many were honestly shocked at
the amount of money their bank
loaned to these countries."
CAUGHT IN ACT, pitchers duel to death was recorded on film
by Ubyssey photographer Craig Heale, acting on foul tip that
spring braining season had begun for UBC throwers. Scott Frost,
arts  1, on left, and Shane Sheehan, education 1, both escaped
serious injury but fell victim to baseball fever.
SRA cooks up cutbacks campaign caper
The Alma Mater Society will
actively lobby the provincial
government to challenge its cutbacks, policy, AMS external affairs
officer Kate Andrew said Wednesday.
"Lobbying (education minister
Pat) McGeer has been proven
totally futile in the past," said
Andrew. But "the student representative assembly approved
$2,000 to organize an attack on the
cutback policy by students."
Andrew   and    former    AMS
president John DeMarco said they
are planning a three-pronged attack on Victoria.
"Firstly and most importantly
we are planning a letter campaign
by students to their MLA's in
Victoria. We've also planned a trip
to visit the NDP and Socred
caucuses to present our brief and
letters," said Andrew.
The student visit is planned to
take place on April 4.
"If the students do not air their
complaints, nobody will be doing it
for us," she said. "Politicians have
a high regard for personal letters.
Each one is worth 100 form letters."
Andrew also said that because
the budget will be released later in
the year than usual, the AMS will
not be able to do any long-range
anti-cutbacks planning for the next
The legislature will not reopen
until March 30.
The board of governors will be
asking for a 17.2 per cent increase
Kenny wins as senate nixes closure
The UBC senate overwhelmingly defeated a
motion by two student senators Wednesday to
close down the university March 30 to allow
students, faculty and staff to attend an
unemployment rally in Victoria.
In moving the motion, graduate studies
senator John Russell said an impression must
be made on the Social Credit government
"because student unemployment in B.C. has
reached epidemic proportions and because
this situation greatly affects the student's
ability to attend post-secondary institutions."
Russell pointed to the position taken by
administration president Doug Kenny and the
board of governors expressing concern about
the student unemployment situation.
The B.C. Federation of Labor is sponsoring
the Victoria rally against unemployment and
is demanding government action to create
The students' motion, supported by only
two senators, was brought forward because
many student politicians were concerned that
UBC will not be sending enough representation to the rally.
As of Wednesday, fewer than 70 students
had signed up for free transportation to
Victoria provided by the UBC Alma Mater
Society and the B.C. Federation of Labor.
Student senator Arnold Hedstrom, who
seconded the motion, recognized that closing
the university would be an unprecedented
move, but said it would be a valuable one and
serve as an example to other B.C. post-
secondary institutions.
In other business the senate received a
report by the ad hoc committee to inquire into
the recent student elections for the board of
governors and senate.
The committee determined March 1, to
declare the results of the Jan. 18 election
Despite prodding by student senators for
details concerning the committee's decision,
committee chairman John Stager refused to
divulge specifics of confidential testimony.
Anthropology professor Cyril Belshaw said
the response given to the student senators'
questions was disgraceful.
The report was easily passed.
in UBC's operating budget for 1978-
"But we will probably be
receiving only eight per cent,"
Andrew said.
She also criticized the way
people pay lip service to an issue
like education.
"People say that they are in
favor of more money being spent
on education. But then they won't
back up their statements with
financial support."
DeMarco cautioned students
about hoping for a quick about-face
by the government.
"It (the AMS lobby) is not going
to turn them around overnight," he
said. "But a lot of MLAs have a lot
to learn. There are less library
hours and larger classes than ever,
and it is going to get worse."
DeMarco said McGeer would
like to see UBC turned into a more
elitist place.
"We must let people know that
UBC is here to serve the people.
Accessibility is the key word."
Drop-off points for the letter
campaign will be set up on the
main floor of SUB and in SUB 262
as part of the AMS plan.
Students finally have the chance
to tell the provincial government
their feelings about education
cutbacks, Andrew said.
"This is their chance to do
something." Page 4
Thursday, March 23, 1978
We're st(r)uck with Chuck
The strike of UBC operating engineers is getting more
ridiculous by the day. UBC
has offered the union most
of what it wants in wages, as
long as the union agrees
to end its contract the same
day as other UBC unions —
the one thing the 25 operating engineers don't want, for
fear they'll get lost in the
crunch in future negotiations.
The strike has lasted for
more than a month now, and
is escalating. The union is
stepping up picketing, but
what is bizarre is the university's unusually tough security precautions.
The union points the
finger at administration vice-
president Charles Connaghan. And a look at the
labor relations record since
Connaghan came here in
1975 backs up the union's
case.   It's sad  that  students
have to suffer through strikes
so Connaghan can continue
the union-busting games he
played before he came to
UBC. Administration president Doug Kenny should
rethink his unfortunate
decision to hire Connaghan.
March to Victoria
Unemployment has soared in B.C. to its highest levels
since the great depression. But the car-dealer government in
Victoria has continued to ignore the stagflation crisis and
encouraged it through the application of obsolete economics.
The unemployment rally in Victoria, March 30, is to
protest the government's insensitive policies. Sign up for the
rally at the booth in the SUB concourse. Buses to Victoria
are free, sponsored by the Alma Mater Society and the B.C.
Federation of Labor. Use them.
MARCH 23, 1978
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS or the
university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a
weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the Student Union
Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
Mike (two-timing) Bocking was disappointed upon looking into the cave. A certain person had gained wings and flown away, leaving a
slightly soiled T-shirt. Verne MacDonald thought he was better in the part. Marcus Gee agreed (after all, he was there). Kathy Ford
agreed. "Yes, yes," she chanted breathlessly. Bill Tieleman cried. Neil McAllister, Craig Heale and Edmond "the Monk" O'Brien
documented and procrastinated. Tom Barnes and Steve Howard did the play-by-play. Dick Irvin and Danny Gallivan shook their
respective heads in harmoriious unison reflecting their utter disbelief. Chris Bocking was not impressed. But, then again, neither was
mental midget Tom Hawthorn. "About time he left home," said Heather Conn, as maternal as ever. Meanwhile, at Page Good Freday
(this is where the segregation begins), the events of several days took on greater existentialist importance. Bruce Baugh merely
dispensed apocalyptic visions, but he always was a pessimist to begin with. Larry Green listened and took time to shout "let them eat
cake." And they did. They were fruitful and multiplied (oops, wrong story). St. Vitus Macdonald stared at a heavenly Marta "Magdalene"
Marton. So did an immpudent Greg Strong, next year's victim and token sacrifice. But Les Wiseman didn't. Nicholas Read couldn't (poor
fellow, I suppose it was the mumps). Will Wheeler wouldn't. Eric Promislow agreed he shouldn't but chanted from the Torah none-the-
less. Carol Read demurred and David Morton was there, as always, to clean up the mess. After all, he was the only one with the proper
Racism sparks healthy dialogue
The recent controversy over a racist
article in a residence newsletter has
spawned more comment and discussion
from Chinese-Canadian students than I have
seen in all my years UBC. The March 9 issue
of The Ubyssey actually carried four letters
on one page from Chinese-Canadians —
probably a record.
UBC's Chinese-Canadian students are
suddenly expressing themselves, about
themselves, for the first time. This has
created a healthy dialogue on the subject of
racism — a dialogue which heretofore had
never existed. A few letters do not make a
movement, but it is a significant beginning.
But racism has been at UBC for a long
time, why has this dialogue been so long in
coming? A tiny spark has started a small
fire, but who would have thought all that fuel
was there? From whence had it come? What
does it augur for the future?
This new willingness and ability of
Chinese-Canadian university students to
articulate their feelings about themselves,
campus life and Canadian society is only a
small extension of a trend affecting the
entire Chinese-Canadian community.
This past year has seen more news printed
about the Chinese-Canadian community
than has been seen in a long time. Much of it
has been controversial. Some see it as dirty
laundry. I prefer to say we're cleaning up
our act. We cannot develop as' a community
behind closed doors. Creation of dialogue
within our community and between our
community and other ethnic groups is
necessary to the progress of the Chinese-
Canadian community, and to cultural and
racial harmony in this country. In every
way, self-expression is a healthy trend
reflecting the growing maturity and self-
confidence in our community.
That Chinese-Canadian students at UBC
should now initiate a dialogue on racism
amongst ourselves, and between ourselves
and other Canadians, is a logical development. In both the outside community and
here at UBC, this new dialogue is the consequence of the rising self-awareness and
cultural self-confidence of the university-
educated Chinese-Canadian — a development of great significance to the entire
Chinese-Canadian community.
The university educated Chinese-
Canadian as a relevant social fact, is a fairly
recent phenomenon. Probably over 80 per
Pat Chen, law 2, is president of the UBC
Chinese Students Association. Perspectives
is a column of opinion and analysis open to
all members of the UBC community.
cent of all Chinese-Canadian university
students and graduates have been born
since 1947. From 1923 to 1947 Canada's racist
immigration laws imposed an absolute bar
to the entry of Chinese into Canada.
As a result the Chinese population in
Canada was predominantly adult, single
and male. Women and children were rare
and virulent bigotry discouraged intermarriage. Even today in the city's east end
one can find a whole "lost generation" of old
Chinese men eking out their remaining
years in tiny one-room tenaments, alone,
with just their bed and hot plate to comfort
The few who came as children and who
were born here before 1947 faced tremendous economic, social and political barriers
to their acquisition of a university
education. Financial hardship forced many
to drop out of school to help with the family
business, or just to find work. Even those
lucky enough to be able to go to university
found their options limited.
The professions of law, pharmacy and
accounting slammed the door on the
Chinese-Canadian students by restricting
entry to those enfranchised to vote. Chinese-
Canadians, even those born here, were not
allowed the vote until 1947. Even some
professions without formal restrictions
enable their children to reach heights that
they could only dream about. For many
families it became an obsession.
Great sacrifices by both parents and
children were made, and by the mid-1960s
large numbers of Canadian-born Chinese
began appearing on the UBC campus. The
new wave of immigration from Hong Kong •
after 1967 further swelled the number of
Chinese-Canadians on this campus.
But this social, economic and educational
progress made by Chinese-Canadians
during the postwar expansion of the
Canadian economy gave rise to strong
centrifugal forces in the community. A good
education and a good income were seen as
one-way tickets out of Chinatown. (Today
less than 10 per cent of Vancouver's Chinese
live there). Families flocked to the suburbs
searching for the land of the middle-class.
The very thought of "community" was
anathema to these educated suburban
middle-class Chinese-Canadians. Chinatown
was to them a ghetto — a place to escape
Dispersal and assimilation were equated
with equality and progress. Assimilation
became, for many, a natural defensive reaction to the racism which continued in
subtle forms notwithstanding the repeal of
discriminating legislation. Chinatown began
frustrated graduates when they entered the
job market by means of discriminatory
hiring practices.
Thus in those days the contribution of
Chinese-Canadian university students and
graduates to the welfare of the community
was limited — mainly because there were so
few of them.
After 1947 came emancipation and the
creation and reunification of families, as
wives and children were brought over.
Fairer legislation and an expanding postwar
economy encouraged all Chinese to send
their children through school. Education
was seen by parents as a tool for social and
economic mobility, a ladder that would
to deteriorate. Its commerce stagnated. Its
myriad social, fraternal and class organizations became mere shells of their former
The late 1960s and '70s brought dramatic
changes to the Chinese community of
Vancouver. The arrival of the new immigrants with their culture, their members
and their capital, gave to Chinatown a new
lease on life and a new confidence in its
survival and progress. As well, a number of
widely publicized issues brought home to the
Chinese community the continuing importance of Chinatown.
In 1968, federal urban renewal threatened
to destroy Strathcona's residential com
munity and replace it with a concrete
jungle. In 1972 Vancouver's number one
firehall was slated to be located in the
middle of Strathcona between an elementary school and the area's senior citizen
In 1971 the city council planning department proposed a major freeway that would
have cut Chinatown in half.
Only strong and organized protests were
finally able to defeat those threats. In each
of these challenges not one of the old
established Chinatown organizations was
able to show decisive leadership.
They were too small, too narrow, too
factionalized, too obsolete. Ad hoc committees were thrown together drawing
together all available resources and
creating the broadest possible front. Inspired by the courage and determination of
the housewives and workers of Strathcona,
many university students and graduates
from the suburbs joined to help the community in these struggles, reviving their
cultural consciousness in the process.
After the immediate crisis passed, the
people paused for reflection. They came to
the realization that there was a leadership
vacuum, that the existing organizations had
been, up to that time, politically splintered
and out of touch with the new dynamic
forces in the community — the immigrants
and the Canadian-born. Most of all they
began to see the need for a united community.
The Chinese Cultural Centre, an umbrella
organization formed in 1972 is the largest,
broadest and most active organization in the
community today. Its structure clearly
illustrates the growing role of Chinese-
Canadian university students and graduates
in their community. Nearly half of its 31
board members are university graduates.
As well a large number of students,
graduates, and CVC and CSA alumni are
active among its 300 volunteers.
The university graduates on the present
board include the first Chinese-Canadian
university dean, the first Chinese-Canadian
head surgeon of a major hospital, the first
Chinese-Canadian elected public school
trustee, the first Chinese-Canadian member
of UBC's board of governors, and the first
Chinese-Canadian bank manager.
This revival of cultural self-consciousness
and ethnic pride is a forward step which
should be welcomed and promoted by all
Canadians. It is not isolationist. A proud,
strong and confident community is a
friendly community. Only such a community could be ready and able to make its
full contribution to the life and development
of this country. , Thursday, March 23,  1978
Pag* 5
Veep Connaghan leaves trail of strikes and labor strife
Open letter to the board of
The strike of the International
Union of Operating Engineers,
local 822, may have come to your
attention at the time the Faculty
Club was closed by pickets.
However it is a fact that the steam
plant and mechanical services
have been on strike since Feb. 21
when local 822 members walked off
their jobs, frustrated by fruitless
Several years ago, the fathers of
this institution appointed Charles
Connaghan, who had a brilliant
record in in industrial labor
disputes  such  as  strikes  and
lockouts with the Construction
Labor Relations Association, and
has caused many hours of lost time
and productivity. Needless to say,
he thrives on meaningful
negotiations but on militant and
bitter confrontations in order to
show his self-importance.
Connaghan has not found it
necessary to sit down with the
negotiating committee of the
operating engineers, now on strike,
to try and bring a settlement about
but had people without power or
authority do his bidding. Why? Is
that not his responsibility? Or, is
this below his dignity?
He does not care about the cost of
this dispute, because it will be
borne out of the public purse. He
employs strikebreakers (people
who work in a supervisory
capacity on campus but would
under no circumstances be considered management personnel)
who have never set foot in a steam
plant and has the chief and assistant chief engineer working around
the clock seven days per week,
without any regard to their health
and welfare, a situation which is
against the law.
The people manning the picket
line are in the main part long-time
UBC employees with a good work
record. Reliable, forthright people
are becoming frustrated and
angrier by the day. The situation is
simple; a month has passed and no
matter how long this strike will last
these men will return to their
respective jobs. Do you think the
relationship will ever be the same?
There is much to be said for
honest, straightforward and
meaningful dialogue and it should
be your duty to bring this about
without threats and confrontations.
There are without doubt changes
that this union and the others on
campus will have to accept as we
live in a changing world.
We respect the students, for
essentially we are all here to seve
them and show them a way to a
better tomorrow. As long as
Connaghan is empowered to act
unchallenged in his present
capacity, much damage will be
done to all organized employees on
this campus. Respect and loyalty
may well become a thing of the
past. The responsibility to reassess
management-labor relations
essentially rests with you.
Members of local 882, IUOE
Andrew, Watters further male myth
Kate Andrew and Fran Watters
(Perspectives, March 9) themselves perpetuate the "male-
macho, no women allowed" myth
regarding the engineering faculty
at UBC. They blatantly misrepresented the co-operative program
for women interested in entering
forestry or engineering by stating
that the "dean of women is attempting to encourage women . . .
through her new co-op program,
through pressure on the relevant
The program is their program,
not "hers," as it is being conducted
with the wholehearted co-operation
of those deans. No pressure was
necessary. I went to the office of
the dean of women to verify this
Andrew and Watters also say
that "certain professors . . . feel
that women have no place in
certain faculties." One cannot
deny this statement, but it is important to ask whether it accurately reflects the current
situation. In my experience it does
During three years as a female
student in engineering I have not
observed   any   case   of   faculty
resistance to the presence of
female students. A young woman
who enters engineering at UBC (in
spite of Andrew's and Watter's discouraging assumptions) is more
likely to receive acceptance and
Lies, lies, lies
I would like to express my sin-
cerest apologies to all those people
who came out to see Lies My
Father Told Me, and also came to
guzzle bears at our Bear Garden.
Unfortunately, because of a gap in
our lines of communication, both
events failed to get off the ground.
But, all's not lost, "Lies" will be
shown on March 30, Thursday, at
12:30 p.m., and our final Bear
Garden will be a slight variation on
the regular.
We will be featuring A Night in
Mexico, serving Tequila Sunrises,
Marguerites and Tacos. You'll be
able to dance to great music, and to
top it all off, admission is free.
It is on March 31 in the Buchanan
lounge, and is co-sponsored by the
SUS. See you there, and once
again, sorry.
Valgeet Johl,
AUS president
The Young Alumni Club, a program of the UBC Alumni
Association has an opening for MANAGER.
Duties include supervision of staff, stocktaking, tending bar,
enforcing of membership policy.
Thursday and Friday Evenings.
Approximately 11 hours/week
Must be available throughout summer. Apply before March
31st. to the UBC Alumni Association 228-3313
given by B'nai B'rith Women
Monday 27 March
12:30 p.m.
Cheer up — we will store everything
from a suitcase to a houseful of
furniture — at a low monthly cost.
Rent your own private locker — you
keep the key. Easy 7-day a week
(Palletized storage also available)
(24 hrs)
864 Cambie Street, Downtown Vancouver, V6B 2P6
eager assistance than to encounter
the mythical "no women allowed"
The controversial pranks are
performed mainly for outsiders so
most engineering students have no
difficulty in ignoring them.
Undoubtedly some problems
with traditional attitudes will
occur, at university and/or in the
profession, but I am certain that
there are many more opportunities
than there are women qualifying
as engineers.
Claire Bailey
bio-resource engineering 3
Few are concerned
I see from reading Rob Marris' article of March 21 (Gov't job
creation unemployment solution) that a rather serious misunderstanding has arisen regarding debate that took place at the last
student representative assembly meeting. He has me quoted as
stating, basically, that I felt that unemployment is no longer a
relevant issue. This is not the case: I feel that unemployment is a very
grave, and relevant, problem.
My point was (and it seems to have gone by a fair number of people)
that if people are still not concerned about the unemployment situation
after all the publicity that it has gotten, then they are lacking
something other than more publicity or information on the subject.
After several years of "flogging" on this and other issues by various
groups and committees, the response that we have seen indicates that
these issues are, in the opinion of  most    students, quite dead.
Eddie Auersperg
SRA science rep
Thursday 7:30
Friday 7:30
Mediation on the Death of Christ with slides and music.
Saturday 11:00 p.m.
The Easter Vigil and First Eucharist
Sunday 10:30 a.m.
Baptism and new Life, An Easter Celebration.
We invite you to join us for all or part of these special worship events.
Going fef broke
The past two years have seen the
beginning of a slow deterioration in the
quality of university education in B.C. as
a result of insufficient funding from the
provincial government. The provincial
grants to U.B.C. have been far less than
what was requested by the university,
and even less than what was recommended by the government's own
Universities Council.
Even with last year's 25% tuition
increase, there has been a severe
tightening in all areas of the university
budget. Students have seen some of the
effects in terms of larger classes, fewer
teaching assistants, fewer new library
books, and lack of lab equipment.
Needless to say, it has not been possible
to implement the changes and improvements which are continually necessary
for a responsive educational system.
The university will enter a new fiscal
year in one week's time, and the
government still has not announced how
much   money   will   be   provided.   All
indications are that the grant will again
be inadequate, with the result that the
university will continue to slip backwards.
The Alma Mater Society, along with
students from several other B.C. institutions are planning a delegation to
Victoria on Tuesday, April 4. We will
present our concerns to the party
caucuses and visit M.L.A.s individually in
the hope of making them aware of the
serious problems in post-secondary education. We don't expect to turn things
around in one day, but it's a step in the
right direction. If we don't make our
case to the government, nobody will.
If you have an opinion, you can help.
Take two minutes and write a letter to
your M.L.A. All it takes is a short note
saying why you are concerned, or
perhaps an example of how you are
affected. You can drop your letter in the
box provided on the main floor of
S.U.B., and the U.B.C. delegation will
present it to your M.L.A. in Victoria.
It is up to you!
Thursday, March 23, 1978
W&S "'.y-a-"?. s'.
Hot flashes
Vtmtrg*  M  IfAA   ■iS#Ja mation are available at the unemployment booth on the main floor
to Socred city
about    feeling
of SUB.
Talk    about    feeling    like
According to the government,
more than 1 million Canadians
will be out of work this summer.
In honor of this dubious achievement, the Alma Mater Society's
unemployment committee will be
sending students to Victoria to
protest the high rate of unemployment.
The buses and ferry to Victoria
will be absolutely free.
Sign-up sheets and more infor-
Social evening, 7:30 p.m., SUB 212.
Planet party, 8 p.m., Trutch House.
Dr.  Larry Hurtado on The Meaning
of   the   Resurrection,   noon,   Chem.
Grad    bash    with    free   snacks   and
beer, 7 till 11:30 p.m., SUB 205.
Weekly    meeting    and    speech    by
Charlie    Johnston,    8   p.m.,   Salish
lounge in Totem Park.
Women's  drop-in,   noon, SUB  130.
Easter services, noon, SUB 207.
Film:      Guess      who's     coming     to
breakfast, noon, SUB-212.
Women's committee meeting, noon,
SUB 130.
Film: Who pays who profits,
speaker from the People's
Commission, noon, SUB 212.
Elections for executive positions,
noon, SUB 205.
General meeting, slide show, and
sign-up for spring skiing at Sphinx
Camp, Chem. 250.
Lesbian drop-in, noon, SUB 130.
Introduction    to   employment   and
immigration   project — A women's
place, noon, Mildred Brock Lounge.
Final general meeting for the term,
noon, SUB 212A.
and a
Speaker George Mattone on Who
says there's life after life?, noon,
Chem. 250.
Friday  night  fever with  a pot  luck
supper   dance,   7:30-12   p.m.,   SUB
Charles Gagnon will speak on The
working class point of view on the
national  question,  noon,  SUB  212.
Fix those prices
If you think you've been
ripped off by slimy outfits that
fix prices or use false advertising,
the Vancouver People's Law
School has a free course for you.
The course centers on the Combines Investigation Act and runs
April 10, 11, and 12 from 7:30 to
9:30 p.m. at the West End
Community Centre adult lounge,
870 Denman. To register phone
438-6496 |
4857 Kingsway, Burnaby
Huge selection of Mens and Womens
Original FRYE boots and casuals
516 W.Hastings    770 Granville
Radical speaks
Remember way back in the
1960s when Quebec students took
to the streets to protest the
imprisonment of Quebec nationalists Pierre Valierres and Charles
Well, 10 years later Gagnon is
still a nationalist and an ardent
revolutionary. The former supporter of the terrorist Front de
Liberation du Quebec will be
speaking on Friday, April 1, at
noon in SUB 212. His topic will
be the working class view on the
national question.
,0°       \<$-   .  Art. V
Phone 876-9285
Universal Gym
3350 Victoria Drive
• Sauna
• Whirlpool • Fitness Classes
• Exercise Room • Individual Instruction
ADMISSION - $1.00 Per Session
Operated by Vancouver Board of Parks & Recreation
Come and talk about. . .
• Career Paths
• Creative Job Search
• Resume Writing
• Interview Skills
29 March
12:30- 1:30
"A Womans Place
Employment and
Immigration Canada
■ ^    Employment and
The University of Victoria is offering a Secondary
Internship Teacher Education Programme in 1978-79.
Candidates must have an acceptable undergraduate degree from a
recognized University, have the necessary subject preparation in
two approved teaching areas for secondary schools, be prepared
to intern in Alberni, Nanaimo, Courtenay or Campbell River
Districts, and show evidence of commitment and skill in working
with young people. Applications are encouraged from individuals
with life experiences in addition to their formal education.
Academically admissible candidates will be interviewed by
University and participating School District personnel in early
May. Selected candidates will then attend a week's orientation in
their school district in late May, attend UVic for July and August
course work, train in their school district from September, 1978
to April, 1979, and complete their academic work on UVic
campus during May/June, 1979. Successful candidates are then
recommended for a Teaching Certificate.
Interns will be eligible for existing student aid as administered by
the University's Financial Aid Office. Some financial assistance in
the summer months is anticipated. In addition school districts
will provide a stipend to Interns during their 8-month residency.
For detailed information and application forms, phone 477-6911
ext. 6636 or write immediately to:
The Co-Ordinator, Secondary Internship Programme,
Faculty of Education, University of Victoria,
P.O. Box 1700, Victoria, B.C. V8W 2Y2
Applications post-marked after midnight MARCH 31, 1978 will
not be accepted.
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c
Commercial -- 3 lines, 1 day $2,50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45a
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
AUS/SUS Coproductions proudly entices everyone to a grand Mexican
fling — featuring your favorite distilled cactus beverage. Ariba!! See
you in Buchanan Lounge 4 p.m.-10
p.m. Friday March 31 Gringos.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
669-3213 9:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. Dealer
No.  D00526A.
lf*» DATSUN 1000 Standard, 2 door,
radio, small and economical. Good
condition.   $830,  o.b.o.   324-4428.
20 — Housing
60 — Rides
65 — Scandals
AUS. AND S.UjS. invite you to come
and watch the sunrise over Marguer-
ita - Ville, March 31st, 4 -10 p.m.
Buchanan  Lounge.
SEX! Subfilms isn't kidding this time,
as it presents the inventor of the one-
night-stand    in    "Fellini's    Casanova"
85 — Typing
SINGLE RESIDENCE ROOMS are available for occupancy on April 1st. Why
not study for exams on campus?
Contact Student Housing Office Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. in the
Ponderosa Building.
Guys & Gals
Field   Workers   and   Jr.   Executive
management     training     and
experience,      in      marketing     and
Above average to
734-4044 9:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
Part time work available
during the year.
 Student Summer Work	
COLD CHAIN. Saturday. 5:30-7:30 p.m.
top of Sedgewick near skyfligiits
Sentimental value. Reward. Phone
March 8 -10, probably in S.U.B. by
photocopy machine. Very important!
Call Jennifer 224-1647.
PROFESSIONAL TYPINO on IBM Selectric. Thesis, essay, etc. Kits area.
Standard rates. Phone Lynda, 733-
copy. Fast, efficient service. Knglish,
French, Spanish.  324-9414.
TYPING — 75c per page. Fast and accurate by experienced typist. Gordon,
FAST, accurate typist will do typing at
home. Standard rates. Please phone
anytime,  263-0086.
TYPING DONE. My home. Reas. rates.
IBM Selectric typewriter. Peggy, 225-
PROFESSIONAL TYPING on IBM correcting typewriter by experienced
Secretary.  Reasonable.  224-1567.
EXPERT TYPIST, essays, seminar papers and thesis. .75c per page. Phone
FAST, EXPERT TYPING. Close to campus.   Phone:  224-2437.
and Marine. 266-5063.
99 — Miscellaneous
TAYLOR BAY LODGE, Gabriola Island.
Enjoy comfortable accomodations,
good food — good vibes. Weekend
Special: $33 for two includes overnight stay, dinner Saturday, Sunday
breakfast. For reservations please
caU   247-9211. Thursday, March 23,  1978
Pag* 7
Steam engineer strike at UBC
'prolonged by administration'
From page 1
"One of the mechanical
engineers took eight hours to fix a
pump, something we could do in
about 20 minutes or half an hour,"
one man said.
"That's efficiency for you, and
look how much they (scabs) are
being paid."
Another picketer said two or
three men are needed to replace
one man who co-ordinated all
problems with the steam plant.
Arid if reports are accurate,
temporary workers are being
pampered. One picketer said that
at 11:45 p.m. one evening, he saw
UBC administration president
Doug Kenny cross the picket line
and enter the plant carrying a
chocolate cake. He came out
empty-handed and walked off
whistling"Hi-ho, hi-ho, it's off to
work we go . . ."
Kenny could not be reached for
comment Wednesday.
To protect their highly-paid
supervisors, the administration
has taken to calling in RCMP
officers from the university
detachment to escort them to and
from work, picketers said.
A Ubyssey reporter and
photographer later saw this
"We have no complaint with the
RCMP," a picketer said. "But the
university is calling on them for
practically everything."
He said the strikers sire puzzled
by the university's tactics.
And, he said, all of them think
Connaghan is at the root of the
"UBC has resorted to tactics
which this institution shouldn't
resort to," he said. These include
four scanners, or hidden cameras,
inside the steam plant used to
observe the picketers.
"It is not a healthy situation, but
it is Connaghan's style, there's no
question about it.
"He wanted us to walk, that's the
feeling (among strikers) Connaghan has got to make a name for
"When he was head of the CLRA
(Construction Labor Relations
Association) there was no end of
strikes and lockouts as long as he
was there. Connaghan is behind
He said the picketers do not want
to disrupt anybody but the administration.
"We could tie the university up
by just walking to the gates," he
said. "But we don't want to disrupt
students, or the other trades."
"If they (the university) had
been realistic we wouldn't have
ever voted to go on strike," one
man said.
NO LECTURE Easter Monday
but the series continues
through the summer. Call us
for a free calendar for this and
other programs.
July 2nd —AugustHth
Under the direction of l'Universite de Montreal, the largest
French-speaking university on the continent, you LEARN
d'ete takes place in small villages located on the shores of Lac
St-Jean in the heart of the French-Canadian life.
METHODS: The latest audio-visual methods are used with
beginners; advanced students work in seminars.
ACTIVITIES: French-Canadian life discovered through folksinging evenings, cultural manifestations, excursions into the
typical Quebec, countryside strolls and sightseeing through the
warm, beautiful and well preserved region of Lac St-Jean. Recreational workshops in various fields of interest. Sports
activities are part of the daily activities. Students will live with
French speaking families.
BURSARIES: L'Universite de Montreal has been selected as a
participating institution in the Federal-Provincial bursary
program for Canadian students who wish to learn French as a
second language. For more information on these bursaries,
please contact the coordinator of the program at the department
of education of your province.
Booklet on request:
Ecole frangaise d'ete
CP. 6128, Montreal 101, Quebec, CANADA
OPEN 9:30 -5:30
British Columbia
Charlie AAayne, Manager
Diana AA. Kapoor, Senior Loans Officer
Brenda Flack, Loans Officer
10th at Sasamat — 228-1141
Dot represents
land occupied by
mining (.013%)
The dot
on the map
that's worm
billions to B.C
On a map of B.C., you'd have a hard time making out the area taken up by our
various mining operations ... because all of B.C.'s mines together account for
only .013% of our provincial land surface.
By way of comparison, provincial roads and highways take up roughly ten times
that amount of land, and saleable forest reserves occupy 20% of the land.
While mining is a relatively small speck on the map, it looms large in economic
terms. It is B.C.'s second largest industry ... and contributes about a billion
dollars each year to the provincial economy. That total is made up of mining
payrolls, the purchase of materials and services, plus taxes and dividends. Each
year the mines of the Placer group ... Craigmont, Gibraltar and Endako . ..
contribute more than $100 million by themselves.
They are part of an industry that may be the biggest little enterprise B.C. ever had!
Thursday, March 23, 1978
Soys report
'Intolerable' situation at IH
From page 1
sets down a number of areas of
discontent with Smith's policies.
Among the complaints are:
• Smith places more emphasis
on making IH a financial success,
by renting out the house to non-
student groups, than on developing
cultural social and academic
programs for international
• Smith does not encourage, or
even tolerate, student participation in the operation of IH
(the house's international
student's program committee was
given no office, no phone and a
total budget of $54);
• Smith is secretive about the
operation of International House,
denying legitimate requests for
• Smith does little to encourage
participation by community
members in IH, and as a result
community participation has
The report also cites other
people's criticisms of Smith's
character and general attitude to
"There were repeated charges
that the executive director was
insensitive and patronizing in his
treatment of students; that he
adopted one position in private
conversations and another
publically or in a different context;
that he was dictatorial in dealings
with his staff, students and community members; that he was
intolerant of any opposition or
criticism; that on occasions he was
extremely rude; and that he
sometimes used tactics of intimidation."
Smith replied to the complaints
cited in the report with a 34-page
counter-report which examines
each one individually and denies
It says the grievance committee
did not take a wide enough poll to
establish general alienation on the
part of IH members.
"This specially selected small
sample can hardly claim to be a
fair and valid sampling of
Henneken Auto
Service—Repairs—Used Cars
8914 Oak St. (Oak & Marine) 263-8121
The Canadian Hostelling will hold its semi-annual talk
on travelling on a shoestring.
April 11, 1978 - 7:30 p.m. at the Jericho Hostel
(foot of Discovery St.)
Everyone Welcome
For further
1406 W. Broadway, 738-3128
ubc bookstore
on the campus
Please consult your DEPARTMENTAL
ADVISOR (Department Office) or
Faculty Advisor (Room 1507, Biol. Sc.
Bldg.) before leaving the Campus in
April for counselling regarding your
1978-79 academic program.
Last Chance Sale
on Car Stereos
Before Anticipated
Price Increases
Auto-eject cassette car stereo with fast forward, fast
• Fast forward &  rewind .Auto/manual eject .Tape-play indicator
•Volume, tone & balance controls
Stanford Sale Price
Rewind/fast forward lock, plus automatic replay.
•Auto-.'eplav    •Locking    fast   forward   &   rewind   •Au to/man
eject •Loudness suvirch •Volume, tone & balance controls
Stanford Sale Price       I  I 9.
Under/in-console cassette car stereo with sensitive FM
stereo tuner.
• FM stereo/mono switch •f-'M stereo & tape-play indicators «Fast
forward  &   rewind  • Auto/rnanual eject •Volume, tone & balance
Stanford Sale Price
0B' qoo ^^\ \
Under-the-dash     cassette     car     stereo     with     FM
•Supertuner • PLL multiple1- demodu la: or • Rvl muting switch
• Local/distant switch »FM stereo indicator •Fast forward &
rewind •Auto/manuai eject "Loudness switch'
Stanford Sale Price
(U) PIONEER   KP-4000
In-dash cassette car stereo with AM and FM stereo.
• LiXdl/dtstanT   switch   «FM   stereo/mono  switch   • FM   stereo   &
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FINANCING Page Friday's last supper
"Verily, verily, I say unto thee," said the resurrected Bruce Baugh to
a troubled PF staff. "Take this bread and eat it. This is my body, it is
given to you and to many." The pooftas ate the bread reluctantly.
And when it passed that they were finished Baugh said unto them,
"Verily, verily I say unto thee. Take this wine and drink it. This is my
blood of the new covenant which is shed for you and for many. Take this
as often as you shall drink it. Do this in remembrance of me."
One by one the pooftas drank, each waiting to see what might happen
to the other. The" went from left to right.
Naturally Verne McDonald was first, followed by Les Wiseman. When
they both belched in satisfaction, Gregory "Judas" Strong, who had
recently betrayed his Baugh, downed his glass of wine. Grey eminence
David Morton smiled and said, "Down the hatch," and was followed by
Marta Marton. The Holy Eminence, Bruce Baugh, consciously avoided
the stuff, while gullible staffers Larry Green, Carol Read and Nicholas
Read drank with reckless abandon. Alcoholics Will Wheeler and Eric
Promislow soon flew on the viewless of Poesy.
And it came to pass that this was the last Page Friday of the year
because the wine had been poisoned and killed all the staffers. This is
what they left behind:
A antique Ot ^nriStiaiiii.j'  aupcaio un i ±-   &,  wimc un m. x'   o uasici   10
observed with a pro-Christian outlook.
Renowned drama critic, Martin Esslin, is interviewed on PF 4, and
NDP MLA Rosemary Brown also speaks out on PF 5.
Fusion Energy is seen as a solution to the world's energy problems in
an article on PF 6, while a place called Video Inn is seen as a solution to
the tube freaks of the world in an article appearing on PF 7.
Editor elect, Greg Strong is given a Royal introduction to next year's
PF readers on PF 8 and a review of the Victoria Symphony Orchestra
appears on the same page.
A recent book written about U.S. space toy, Skylab is reviewed on PF
8, and the latest Rock 'n' Roll nostalgia movie, American Hot Wax is
1UUACU   at   UI1   IT 1'     IV.
Vista appears on PF 11.
Cover photo by Neal McAllister.
Shalom, from all of us at Page Friday. See you next year. Reflections on Christianity at Easter
Easter is a Christian celebration.
Christians look on it as the moment when
God-become-human Jesus of Nazareth died
for our sins and redeemed humanity in the
eyes of God. The following resurrection of
Jesus is the final act of reconciliation between God and humanity and the hope of
At first glance, the whole story seems
absurd. God sacrifices himself (in the
person of Jesus) to himself (in the person of
the Father) in order to redeem humanity in
God's own eyes. The notion of an offering to
God through sacrifice (and Christians
consciously compare Jesus to a sacrificial
lamb) makes sense when one sees sacrifices
as gifts to God, but becomes incomprehensible when God is sacrificed to himself.
But it is the idea of redemption through
suffering, through the cross, that most offends reason. Far more often we hear that
Jesus died for our sins than that he lived so
that we may live better. Indeed, suffering
needs to be justified, not recommended, and
it is the thesis of this essay that the existence
of any suffering, or what I will call evil, is
incompatible with the existence of a God
who is both merciful and omnipotent.
*    *    *
"God is dead. God remains dead. And we
have killed him." So proclaims the madman
in the celebrated passage of Nietzsche's The
Gay Science. There can be no doubt as to
what Nietzsche meant. He was referring to
an historical event: "The greatest recent
event — that God is dead, that the belief in
the Christian God has become unbelievable."
These two quotes taken together reveal a
theme that stands out in Nietzsche's
philosophy, namely that the very things that
stand at the basis of Christian theology, a
love of truth and a morality based on
compassion, are the things that have made
acceptance of the Christian view no longer
possible. It is in this sense that we have
killed God; our moral sense could no longer
tolerate the idea of his existence. It is the
existence of evil in the form of suffering (not
mere wickedness) that provokes us to agree
with Stendahl that "God's only excuse is
that He does not exist."
To begin with, the problem of evil does not
assume that the existence of a God who is
omnipotent, omniscient and infinitely good
is logically inconsistent with the existence of
evil, as that in one way makes the problem
merely linguistic and in another presupposes its solution. The problem is empirical, and hence admits of empirical
evidence, and in this form is the problem of
how to reconcile the Christian notion of God
with evil which seems to be unnecessary or
The problem is not merely a paradox,
which may be an object of faith, for the
problem is not the grounds of belief in God,
but the coherency of those beliefs. The in-
compatability of the existence of evil and of
God makes those beliefs incoherent. The
problem arises within the Christian
tradition, and is not imposed upon it by
another morality, as is evidenced by
Scripture and the writings of even the
earliest theologians.
Nor is the problem of evil a pseudo-
problem. It has been argued that for any
world which God created, there would exist
a better one which he could have created.
This is because there is logically an infinite
number of possible worlds, and so the
search for the best possible world would be
like the search for the highest number.
Therefore, it is argued, evil will always
exist, as any absence of good is evil.
But the question is not why God did not
create a perfect world (which perhaps is not
logically possible), but why he did not create
a better one. It is possible that some evil
may be logically necessary for some goods
(compassionand forgiveness, for example),
but the problem is that there is too much
apparently gratuitous, useless evil in the
There is also a considerable difference
between real evil and relative evil. Real evil
would be evil in any possible world, as it
would produce psychic pain. The death of an
innocent child would constitute such an evil.
Relative evil, which is the absence of some
good, differs from real evil in that what is
good in one world may be evil in another.
For example, intelligence at an average or
above-average level is good in our world but
it would be evil (in the relative sense) in a
world where most persons possessed an
Einsteinian intelligence. This example of a
relative evil or absence of good shows how
far away that concept is from our own
concept of evil. To call something evil
simply because something could exist that
would be better is absurd, for then all goods
would be evil (as any good could always be
better), and the distinction between good
and evil on which Christian thought relies
would vanish. If the distinction between
good and evil vanishes, so does the problem
of evil. But so does God's goodness, which
may be absolute but can only make sense to
us if some ordinary concept of good is
pletely meaningless, since man has no other
notions of good and evil except the ordinary
ones," says Mill. If God's notion of good
bears no relation to the common usage of the
word, one can only assume that for God
"good" has a different and undefined
meaning. This would allow for a conflict
between God's higher morality and our own,
so that what we consider evil God considers
good, but it would mean that we have no
grounds for calling anything good or evil (as
our judgments on the matter would be
mistaken) and therefore would have no way
to understand God's morality, even by
analogy, lacking as we would be in the
Another attempt to circumvent the
problem of evil is to claim that whatever
God wills is good, so that what to us appears
as evil is good from God's standpoint (and
God is the final arbiter of the matter).
But the orthodox Christian view since
Augustine is that God is subject to standards
of good and evil determined independently
of him. Thus the existence of evil requires
an explanation. The notion of God is also
compatible with the idea that rather than
God's will defining the good, it is the
criterion of good because God always
chooses to do good (where "good" is defined
independently of what God does). So the
problem of evil is not based on a misapprehension of the concept of God.
The idea that "all's well in God's view"
and that what we call evil is not evil but an
illusion and a human misconception based
on our finite and imperfect grasp of moral
notions is inconsistent with the teachings of
Jesus. Jesus fought against both moral and
natural evil and taught that evil is God's
enemy. It also seems a gross evil that God
would allow us to be so deceived, for
although evil may be illusory, the psychic
pain and suffering it causes are real. As a
subjective experience, evil exists.
There is the further criticism, introduced
by John Stuart Mill, that God's goodness
must bear some relation to the human
standard of goodness if we are to call it
goodness at all. "If God's higher morality is
completely different from man's ordinary
notions, then this higher morality is corn-
Illustration by Rubens
necessary moral equipment. For us then to
say "God is good" would be to utter a
meaningless and unverifiable phrase.
If God's morality is beyond human understanding, in accepting God's morality we
would not be advancing from what we know
of morals to a higher concept, but acting out
of ignorance. Acceptance of God's will then
becomes an act of submission, not one of
piety based on moral sense. If God has a
notion of good, it must then be connected to
our own if it is to have any meaning for us, in
which case evil could not be a mere human
misunderstanding of something which is in
fact good. Otherwise, one would not have the
right to call either God or his morality
If evil exists, it exists by God's permission, and if God is omnipotent his permission and his will amount to the same
thing. To justify evil one must show that is
either necessary or serves some good
One view is that evil is justified because
without experiencing it we would not understand what good is. The contrast between
good and evil allows us to understand the
one in relation to the other, and one could not
understand the one without the other.
But this contrast only seems to work for
some forms of pleasure and pain. One can
know what it is to experience some
pleasures without experiencing a
corresponding pain, for some things are
pleasurable in themselves. One does not
have to taste bad French cuisine in order to
appreciate good French cuisine.
But such pleasures are not the most important, some say, and I agree. But the view
that one understands good by understanding
evil and vice versa does not explain forms of
physical evil such as madness. No one would
argue that in order to understand sanity one
would have to have experienced insanity.
Incurable diseases and hopeless insanity
point to yet further weaknesses in this view,
for in such cases the victim learns only the
evil, and not the good.
It also seems that only a little pain is
necessary to understand pleasure. Stubbing
one's toe might suffice; cancers are unnecessary. Moreover, one can understand
pain without knowing what pleasure is, even
if that understanding is subjective (in that
one does not call the experience "pain").
Another explanation of evil is that it is the
byproduct of natural laws of the world which
God created and which are generally good.
Our world is the best possible, for no created
thing can be perfect.
But it is indeed a mystery why so much
natural evil is necessary for a world like
ours to exist. Many diseases and natural
disasters seem to be unnecessary. An omnipotent God could have created a world with
different natural laws which could have
preserved much of the good in the world and
avoided much of the evil. For example, the
laws of natural selection could be made far
less wasteful in terms of animal suffering.
And if this is the best God can do then that
conflicts with the idea that God is omnipotent. God has created the universe from
nothing, and therefore any logically possible
world could be made by God. God has power
not only within the natural laws, but over
them as well.
There seems no reason why God could not
occasionally interfere with the natural laws
to avoid some gross evil, other than the
implication that the laws of nature God
created are imperfect and therefore unworthy of their creator.
Which of course leads us to assert that
God could create a world in which there was
absolutely no real evil (and though relative
evil would exist, it is not real evil). Such a
world would be better than this one. Or, as
Voltaire wrote in Candide, "Si c'est le
meilleur des mondes possibles, que sont
done les autres?"
The question arises of why, if in creating
the world one must create evil, God created
any world at all. In Dostoyevski's The
Brothers Karamazov, Ivan asks Aloysha if
he would create a world if he knew that one
tortured child would cry piteously and in
vain to "dear, kind God" as a result of that
creation. The answer of the morally sensitive person is not in doubt.
It has been argued too that evil may be
instrumental in bringing about some good.
Putting aside the objection that an omnipotent God would not have to resort to
means to ends (as God could simply will the
ends into existence), there still remains the
problem that some evils are of such
magnitude that they cannot be justified. Our
own century furnishes ample examples. It is
hard to see what good can come out of
Auschwitz. If the answer is "A place for
Jews in the world," the holocaust seems to
be an incredibly, unjustly high price to have
What good could compensate (even in
another life) for such evils? Why has so
much evil been permitted for so long? The
price in human suffering to gain admission
to God's Kingdom seems out of all
reasonable proportion.
Even if good is produced from evil, that
does not explain why it was permitted in the
first place. It only shows that temporary
evils will not always lead to further or
permanent evils, but from the fact that
things could be worse it does not follow that
things as they are can be justified. No future
good, not even eternal life, can ever annihilate that evil which has already come to
pass. An afterlife is not a justification of evil
— it is necessary to show that evil in this life
is necessary for such an afterlife. If it is not
necessary, it is not justifiable. The reward
for enduring evils in this life of a blissful
afterlife does not eradicate or explain away
the agonies which have occurred in this life,
which is why Ivan Karamazov loathes the
very idea that in the afterlife he will forget
human suffering, turn his back on it and cry,
"Hallelujah God, thy ways are just!"
Another view holds that humans are sinful
by nature and deserve punishment, and that
the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ
atone for our sins and redeem us from justly
Page Friday* 2
Thursday, March 23,  1978 \religion:£ f/:
Christians meditate on Resurrection
This essay and the following poems were
submitted by the Inter -Varsity Christian
Fellowship for Easter.
". . .That Jesus Bar-Joseph, the carpenter
of Nazareth was in fact and in truth, and in
the most exact and literal sense of the
words, the God 'by whom all things were
made!. . . He was not a kind of demon
pretending to be human; He was in every
respect a genuine living man. He was not
merely a man so good as to be 'like God' —
He was God."
The original purpose of Easter as conceived by Christians was to celebrate the
Resurrection which is the central event of
the Christian faith. In order to understand
the importance of this event for the
Christian, it is necessary to explore the
identity and impact of the man involved —
Jesus of Nazareth.
"It is a grave mistake to present
Christianity as something charming and
popular with no offence in it. Seeing that
Christ went about the world giving the most
violent offence to all kinds of people it would
seem absurd to expect that the doctrine of
His Person can be so presented as to offend
"To those who knew Him, He in no way
suggested a milk-and-water person; they
objected to Him as a dangerous firebrand.
True, He was tender to the unfortunate,
patient with honest inquirers and humble
before Heaven, but He insulted respectable
clergymen by calling them hypocrites; He
referred! to King Herod as 'that fox;' He
went to parties in disreputable company and
was looked upon as a 'gluttonous man and a
wine-bibber, a friend of publicans and
sinners;' He assaulted indignant tradesmen
and threw them and their belongings out of
the Temple. . He showed no proper
deference for wealth or social position;
when confronted with neat dialectical traps,
He displayed a paradoxical humor that
affronted serious-minded people. ..."
He came into direct conflict with "our
leading authorities in Church and State"
who thought Him "too dynamic to be safe"
and that the "established order of things
would be more secure without Him." So the
powers that be had Him killed.
". . .So we bribed one of His friends to
hand Him over quietly to the police, and we
tried Him on a rather vague charge of
creating a disturbance, and had Him
publicly flogged and hanged on the common
gallows. ..."
It is at this point that the narrative
acquires its fundamental importance. On
the third day after His death Jesus is said to
have risen from His tomb, and is purported
to have had personal contact with a wide
variety of individuals. The early Christians
were profoundly affected by the
Resurrection event and for them the impact
of this revelation was such that it formed the
focus of their message to the world. Modern
Christians reaffirm this central belief at
Easter — that the Man who died was also
God and His resurrection was real in fact
and in substance.
"One thing is certain: if He was God and
nothing else His immortality means nothing
to us: if He was man and no more, His death
is no more important than yours or mine.
But if He really was both God and man, then
when the man Jesus died, God died too; and
when the God Jesus rose from the dead, man
rose too, because they were one and the
same person."
For the early Christian, the importance of
a literal Resurrection could not be overestimated. The fact that Jesus the man had
overcome death and that anyone could
identify himself with Jesus and by so doing
share in His Resurrection was absolutely
revolutionary. This belief was seen by one of
the earliest Christian apologists as the
primary definition of Christianity, and a
Christianity without a Resurrection was
viewed as nothing but a useless and
dangerous fallacy.
"But if there is no Resurrection of the
dead, then Christ has not been raised; if
Christ has not been raised, then our
preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain.
We are even found to be misrepresenting
God, because we testified of God that He
raised Christ, whom He did not raise if it is
true that the dead are not raised. ... If for
this life only we have hoped in Christ, we are
of all men most to be pitied." (I Cor. 15:13-
Quotes from D. L. Saytfs, "Letters to a
Post-Christian World," except where noted
Ilustrations by Durer
Early morning. Pale dawn
on Jerusalem,
dances in the shadows
beneath sleep-mantled olive trees,
lies breathless
upon the waking dust.
It is morning.
and in the garden,
slow mist is rising
in the gloom
of the Holy Mountain.
Three figures walk
along a narrow path —
slender and sorrow-bound,
bearing spices,
slowed and cumbered
by heaviness of strangled dreams.
They see the morning.
But upon them lie shadows
which no sun can melt away.
In the hush of dawn
they are silent.
Mary remembers.
His life, his words — all had been light.
Like a fountain in the desert,
he had brought life
to all he touched.
He had made people bloom.
And he had said that he was God.
He should not have died.
But he was dead.
like a star that falls in the night
of a fire that burns brightly
and then grows cold.
He should not have died.
It is morning.
Three dawns ago he breathed,
he who now lies silent in the tomb
in the dew-strewn garden.
In a rocky cavern
beneath the ancient trees
he sleeps
who should have lain among kings.
"The stone is heavy,"
says one.
"We shall never move it."
"yes,", murmurs Mary.
They walk on.
On into the pale gold
day-shine and rising warmth
they pass,
like a vision half-recalled.
Mary stops, gasps.
"Look!" she points.
Four eyes follow her gaze
to the tomb
standing open before them,
dark entrance
gasping —
Jesus redeemed the wrong party
From PF 2
deserved eternal punishment. But though
redemption provides release from suffering,
it does not explain why the suffering existed
initially. And if evil is punishment for our
sinful nature, one need only be reminded
who is ultimately responsible for our nature
in order to see that this argument by itself
does not justify the existence of evil.
The view that evil is punishment for sin
conflicts! with the book of Job and the life
and teachings of Jesus as recorded by
scripture. It must be remembered that the
rain, hard or otherwise, falls on both the just
and the unjust. The innocent suffer with the
The most widespread justification of evil
is the Free Will Argument. This argument
holds that God saw that beings with moral
choice require free will, and since it would
be better for beings to have moral choice
than to be automatons in God's service, God
gave humans free will. Moral choice entails
a capacity to choose evil, and so evil
inevitably results from free moral choice.
God could have created a world where fhe
consequences of the misuse of free will were
not so grave. Alternatives do not have to be
extreme for there to be choice, and so this
would not take away free will. Moreover,
there remains the problem of the virtuous
and innocent who suffer at the hands of
those who do evil. Perhaps this is harsh, but
it would be better (which is not to say it
would be good) to let the evil suffer the
consequences of the misuse of their free will
than have the innocent suffer as well.
The idea of the fall, that we were morally
perfect beings tempted into choosing evil, is
also absurd. It claims that a perfect
creature (humans in Eden and Satan in
Heaven before) sinned with no motive for
sinning, which is to say that humans before
the fall were not unqualifiedly good. If they
were not, God is to blame for making them
that way.
Even if the fall occurred, it offends our
morality to have subsequent generations
punished for an earlier generation's crime,
which is what God has done by punishing the
human race for the crime of Adam and Eve.
The whole human race is forced to abide-by
the choice of the first pair; otherwise, we
should all be placed in Eden and offered the
same choice Adam and Eve had.
But the fall could not have occurred
because it assumes that evil was created
from nothing by first angels (who fell) and
then humans, who were supposedly free
from sin. For temptation to succeed, there
must already be a flaw in the character; in
other words, one must already have fallen.
The Creator would then be ultimately
responsible for that flaw, that fallenness.
The alternative is that Adam and Eve did
not. sin, as they were perfect, but simply
made a mistake, but such an error in
judgment would be excusable and no
justification for the imposition of the death
sentence on the entire human race.
The last resort is to admit that humans
were created fallen, so that humans could be
lead to the spiritual life from the animal one,
culminating in eternal life through the love
of God. But God could have reduced evil by
giving humans the situation and character
that would predispose them to choose good.
This does not rule out free will, which is
necessary for humans to truly love God (as
that love must be based on a free choice).
Free will does not account for the natural
evil that is not produced by humans. Nor
does it account for the magnitude of evil
produced by humans. The price of suffering
is needlessly high for spiritual growth and
as it produces resentment as often as it does
virtue, human nature is too weak to benefit
from God's program. Hence, the program is
not just.
The Christian hypothesis is, as Gide said,
inadmissible. The existence of evil leads
inevitably to the conclusion that the
Christian God does not exist.
None of this is to degrade Jesus of
Nazareth. But it is to say that even if the
resurrection took place, it was in vain. The
wrong party was redeemed.
abandoned cocoon.
Three figures hurry to it,
hearts dancing with fear
and unnamed hope.
The tomb is empty
"He is gone," whispers Mary.
"They have stolen him away!"
"Why do you look for him
among the dead?"
A_ voice rings out
behind them;
like a trumpet call
it shatters the morning.
The women whirl,
then fall back,
"Who are you?" they gasp
to the two men in shining garments
standing like fallen suns
in the shadowed doorway.
"He has risen," they reply,
"It is the third day,
and he has risen,
as he said he would."
From somewhere
far away
a memory floats
as if upon the rising breeze —
a memory of his voice,
his words.
"The third day."
Yes, of course.
How had sorrow swept away the promise?
The men are gone.
Like a mirage
upon the hot sand
they have vanished into the day.
But the shadows have fled with them.
"Is it true?" "Has he risen indeed?"
The women hurry back
along the path
through the sparkling garden.
Hope is breathless upon them;
joy trembles
like a butterfly just out of reach.
Has he risen indeed?
They stop.
A man stands there.
In the failing shadows
of the bending olive trees
he stands before them.
His eyes are quiet fire.
"Rabboni!" Mary's cry
in the morning air.
Three figures fall to their knees.
"Do not be afraid,"
he says.
"I have risen."
And his voice fills the garden
like a fountain-spray;
his presence,
so real
dreamlessly timed-centred,
outshines the morning.
He has risen indeed.
Thursday, March 23,  1978
Page Friday. 3 theatre]/
t - *t
Esslin explains contemporary theatre
PF: Besides your background and early
experiences with theatre, what particular
attraction did drama hold for you?
Esslin: Well, it appealed to my
imagination. It seemed to be a wonderful
way of learning about life, of exploring
philosophical, religious and social
questions. It was attractive because it was
usually done by attractive people. It had
color and excitement. And it appealed to me
because I had always dreaded the kind of
nine to five, grey flannel suit sort of
existence which was the other alternative.
I think there are few occupations that
allow one to escape from that sort of routine.
And though I never actually got into theatre
as you know I ended up in radio drama at the
BBC. But it doesn't really matter because in
this field too, each play that you tackle is a
new thing.
PF: What do you see as the function of the
critic? Does he promote general awareness
of new movements in art?
Esslin: Sure. But that is only a kind of
external reason. I think there are two
things; a poet is somebody who reacts to
beautiful flowers, or to beautiful girls,
beautiful emotions and a critic is someone
exactly like the poet only reacting to experiences in the arts. That is the difference
you see. In fact there's no difference. So if I
go to the theatre and I see something which I
think is absolutely thrilling I describe my
experience and try to analyze my experience and make that experience
available to other people. Other people may
not be so trained to be aware of the potential
for enjoyment that is in a thing. And in that
sense the main function of a critic is to help
other people to get as much out of life and
out of art as you yourself do.
I mean this in the same way that if I go to
a football match in America where I don't
know the rules of the game I get practically
no enjoyment out of it at all. On the other
hand I'm an absolute enthusiast for soccer
because I grew up with soccer. Now I wish
somebody could tell me what the rules of
American football are so that I could get the
full enjoyment out of it. Now that's exactly
the same as what a critic does.
PF: In your idea of the critic, doe he have
an influence on the artist?
Esslin: Sure. Absolutely.
PF: In what way?
Esslin: He has a very important influence
on the artist because an artist needs feedback. I mean an artist is displaying himself
and he wants to know what people feel. And
so a critic is very important to him. A critic
is rather like a mirror, if you get dressed up,
you could stand in front of the mirror then
you'll notice that you haven't buttoned your
fly. You know. Now the critic is that mirror
who tells you were fine but you didn't button
your fly. And you couldn't see that because
technical devices known? Your book the
Theatre of the Absurd, for example, made a
lot of techniques known to other
Esslin: Certainly. Of course. But that is
only a byproduct. You have to go back to my
original statement. I went to the theatre in
Paris and I happened to see some of these
—craig heale photos
MARTIN ESSLIN ... the critic can help an artist enormously
you don't see that far down yourself. You
know. You need someone else to say,
"Listen — you still have got your shaving
cream on your face."
And in that sense if a critic is discerning
and he has a good eye, he can help an artist
enormously and the artists are very very
grateful. Course they are equally furious if
the critic quite obviously doesn't know what
he's talking about.
PF: Is criticism also a matter of making
early absurdist plays. I was deeply moved
by them and I saw other people who went out
saying, "what the hell was that." And so I
felt; I have some insight into what makes
these things work; "Let's tell them."
And of course this acts as a kind of
communications medium. It disseminates
knowledge about things and in a place where
they've never seen these plays, the book is
read before the plays are seen and people
say: "Let's have them."
PF: Earlier you said contemporary
theatre is anti-illusionistic.
Esselin: Exactly. Because live theatre is
instinctively trying to counteract what is
happening in the media.
PF: When you gave your lecture on
Tuesday you mentioned that the theatre of
tomorrow would be anti-illusionistic then
you gave an excellent summary of
theatrical events during the last 10 years.
But I was hoping for more hints about what
was coming next.
Esslin: Well as I said at the beginning of
that lecture ... if I knew that I would be a
prophet and I would make a million dollars
(laughs) you know I wouldn't be spending
my time ... no, I don't think one can be a
prophet. All you can do is sum up the last 10
years and say that's the directions that are
happening and perhaps something new will
come along.
PF: What do you see as the social benefits
of theatre?
Esslin: Oh theatre has an enormous
number of social functions.
PF: Do you think theatre has a cathartic
effect, for example?
Esselin: It provides a catharsis. But it
also provides models of behavior. All art
does and you never quite separate theatre
from all the other arts. You see the
imagination is the most important element
in the human consciousness. Animals don't
have imagination therefore they cannot try
out possible courses of action. Before they
actually decide on a course of action, they
go. If you hold out a piece of cheese to a
mouse, it'll come like it's attracted by a
magnet. It simply reacts to conditioning.
Now a human being is given alternative
courses of action, imagines what the cheese
would look like and that it could be poisoned
and so on.
Now the arts are the highest form of
refining this imaginative capacity. They are
the way in which the individual can profit by
the experience of the ages. It is a way by
which we learn about many areas of
emotion and behavior that otherwise we
would not know how to deal with.
I think this is very important. Any given
society, now that you're talking about social
function, must have a common stock of
images or stories or fables which define its
culture. You wouldn't have anything to say
to someone else unless you had a common
stock of concepts. If you translate this into
Drama critic looks at absurd forms of theatre
Martin Esslin is one of the world's most
prominent and best known theatre critics.
His lecture series at UBC began last
Thursday with a discussion of the Theatre
of Tomorrow and ended with a Wednesday
seminar Wednesday on the function of the
dramatic critic. Esslin gave the lectures
as part of a West Coast speaking circuit
that landed engagements at Bellingham,
Nanaimo and Victoria.
Martin Esslin has evolved a personal
theory of esthetics where theatre is the
place for the specific representation of
philosophical concepts and abstractions of
thought. He believes that this dramatic
communication of the abstract by an actor
or a group of actors is one of the most
effective means for the interchange of
ideas between an artist and his audience.
As well, Esslin sees art as the supreme
act of the imagination where the mind's
ideas and associations acquire a refined
Martin Esslin is best known for his
critical analysis of modern playwriting,
the Theatre of the Absurd.
According to Esslin, the Theatre of the
Absurd is a rough grouping of such
dramatists as Eugene Ionesco, Harold
Pinter, Jean Genet, Arthur Adamov and
Samuel Beckett. These artists share a
similar existentialist philosophy and have
given their ideas a theatrical form.
"To write a well-made play or a witty
comedy," says Esslin, "may require a
higher degree of ingenuity and intelligence. But to invent a valid poetic
image of the human condition is an act of
These absurdist plays are lyrical or
dramas not bound  by  realistic
conventions and plot, but only by the unity
of this image. Each play presents a
playwright's individual outlook on life. Its
success or failure depends on its own logic
and consistency and the acceptance of
such by the audience.
Esslin made his discovery of absurdism
in 1946 when he stopped overnight in Paris
while on a trip to see his father in Switzerland. By chance he went to a theatre where
they were playing Jean Genet's The
As BBC correspondent to NATO in Paris
for the following 10 years Esslin had many
opportunities to see this type of avante-
garde theatre. He found that the plays
were misunderstand by audiences and
critics. As a result he wrote Theatre of the
Absurd to make a case for them. The book
was a success and gradually these plays
have come to be accepted as modern
One of Esslin's most recent concerns is
with the social effects of the media. He
i  poetic
• *  *<        k/J'y'J > -
THE THEATRE ... is a place where abstract ideas are communicated through images.
believes that western civilization is at the
beginning of a drama revolution comparable to the invention of the printing
press. Television, radio, cinema and live
theatre are all included in his definition of
the dramatic media because they involve
spoken presentation made to an audience.
Esslin is particularly worried about the
blurring of reality that occurs on television
where the strong visual reality of the
medium makes banal or stereotyped
characters and incidents seem plausible.
"I think the right way to use art is as a
safety valve where dangerous tendencies
are let off. Much of the violence on
television is obscene in the sense that it is
not meant to purge you of those emotions
but to encourage you to do them. To make
you feel how good it would be if you bashed
someone's head in and the results of this is
that society has become more violent."
Esslin thinks this is one reason why the
live theatre has become so definitely anti-
illusionistic and he emphasizes its unique
difference from other media as a relationship between the actors and the audience.
Live theatre always offers that possibility
while the other media present series of
fixed images.
Martin Esslin is physically an unimpressive man, but his presence is
overpowering. He has an amazing grasp of
theatre and philosophy.
During our interview I also asked Martin
Esslin as to what he saw as the difficulties
in discovering our Canadian culture. He
prefaced the few remarks he made by
saying that he was a complete outsider but
that he felt our chief problem was in
defining our cultural boundaries and
finding our common values. He said that
the whole thing just hadn't coalesced into
Page Friday. 4
Thursday, March 23, 1978 .«.'.^.ix-«u^
Brown favors humanity over finance
Rosemary Brown has made a name for
herself in the B.C. legislature as one of the
more vocal advocates of human rights.
Although she has been an MLA for six years,
representing the constituency of Vancouver-
Burrard, she helped the Barrett government
institute many of its programs in the area of
human services, most notably the Vancouver Resources Board.
She has made a national impact twice, the
first time when she ran for the leadership of
the federal NDP in 1975 as "the militant
candidate from British Columbia," as the
press sometimes referred to her. The second
time was in September, 1977, when Bill
Vander Zalm, Social Credit human
resources minister, proposed Bill 65, which
would eliminate the community resource
board programs in the province.
To emphasize the necessity of the
resource program, Brown gave a three day
filibuster, inciting Pat Jordan, a Social
Credit backbencher, to call her "the
honorable member for Jamaica."
Despite the opposition and fervor it
generated, BUI 65 passed anyway.
Brown is from Jamaica. She graduated
from McGill University in 1955 .Later she got
her Master's in Social work at UBC, and has
been here since then. Her role as a social
worker led to her involvement in the NDP,
and she was elected in September, 1972, with
the NDP landslide.
This exclusive interview with Page
Friday was held at the NDP constituency
office recently for no particular reason.
PF: When he was appointed minister of
human resources, Bill Vander Zalm said: "I
want to make the B.C. Human Resources
Program the most innovative, the most
forward-thinking, and the best in all of
North America." Could you comment on
Brown: Well, it's the type of statement he
makes from time to time. Then he goes out
and does the very opposite. The program is
also the most repressive in all of North
America and also among the most
inadequate in all of North America, too.
It's interesting, too, that at a time when
the government is overrunning its budget in
just about every department the department of human resources is balancing its
budget. The department of tourism, the
department of highways, public works,
recreation and conservation. . . everyone
else (is overrunning), but the one department that deals with people is bragging
about not overspending its budget.
PF: Now, couldn't you say that Bill
Vander Zalm, as a businessman, somebody
who is business-oriented, wanted to achieve
Brown: Sure! And there isn't any question
that that was what he set out to do, and he
was quite prepared to sacrifice the handicapped, to sacrifice the senior citizens,
children, and various other people in order
to do that. He wanted to prove that. He
wanted to prove that he could save $100
million. So he cut our services to children,
and he cut our services to the retarded, as
well as to the handicapped, and he cut back
on the senior's program. He cut back for
things like funding on transition houses. He
cut back on group homes. . . Sure, he's a
businessman! But what kind of a
businessman: He's prepared to sacrifice
people in order to balance his books. It
doesn't coincide with his statement about
innovative and forward-thinking programs.
PF: What have you been able to do about
all that, sitting on the other side of the
Brown: There's very little I can do about
it except bring it to the attention of the
voting public. Here we have a government
that thinks it's more important to spend
money on tourism, than it is to give services
to children, the handicapped, seniors, and
programs of this nature. I leave it then up to
the voting public to decide whether they'd
rather have this kind of government or
another kind.
PF: Have you managed to bring this to the
attention of the government members?
Brown: Oh yeah. I don't think that there's
any question that the government members,
as well as the opposition, know that this is
what the minister is doing. I think that they
approve of what he is doing. I don't think
he's operating in isolation. I think Mr.
Vander Zalm is a very accurate reflection of
what Social Credit is all about, and he
certainly has the endorsement of the
premier or he wouldn't be able to do it.
PF: Now the filibuster was just such a tool
designed to bring people's attention to the
issue. How did this come about? Do you
think it was successful?
Brown: It was successful not just here in
British Colmubia but all across Canada
people were talking about it — the delivery
of welfare services in this province and the
kind of person that the minister is. We have
to understand that there is a large segment
of the population that likes the minister's
actions and approves of what he's doing
because they disapprove of poor people and
they disapprove of poverty. They believe
that to be poor is a crime. Therefore poor
people are all criminals. The filibuster gave
these people something to be happy about
because they thought, "Good! The minister
is doing something terrible to poor people."
But thinking people and compassionate
people were horrified.
Brown: I don't really believe there's any
serious split. I think that the Vancouver
MLA's in the Social Credit caucus were
concerned because their constituents were
supporting the Vancouver Resources Board.
They were getting a lot of letters in opposition to Bill 65, so they wanted to have
Bill 65 withdrawn just for political reasons,
not because they disapproved of it themselves, or because they cared about the
Vancouver Resources Board. The mail they
were getting in from their constituents was
running almost 80-20 in opposition to Bill 65.
They thought in terms of their own political
life. They would have liked to see the bill
just shelved until the climate was more
willing and prepared to accept it. When the
chips were down none of them spoke against
it and they all voted in support of it. That's
where you can separate the sheep from the
goats or whatever. They're good Social
Talking about Bill 65, one of the things I
PF: Would you not say that it's the role of
the government to balance the books?
Brown: No, I don't think it's the role of
government to balance the books. I think it's
the role of government to run the economy
in a planned and orderly way. When times
are tough, when the world's in an economic
depression, to start sacrificing people in
order to balance your books is. . . When we
look at Ontario, which has a Conservative
government and could buy and sell B.C. a
hundred times, and it's been into deficit
budgeting for as far back as anyone can
remember, you're not going to convince me
that Evan Wolfe is a smarter finance
minister than those Sonservatives back in
This is the last time anyway, that their're
even going to be able to pretend that their
books are balanced. Revenues are down and
they're spending on tourism and highways.
•.';$-/* it
ROSEMARY BROWN . . . slams Bill Vander Zalm's management of Human Resources Programs
—craig heale photo
PF: Do you get frustrated when you're
sitting on the other side of the house
listening to Vander Zalm (speak), and he
thinks he's perfectly right? He probably
represents his constituents just as well, if
not better, than any other Socred members
of the legislature, being the MLA for Surrey.
Brown: That's right, which has the
reputation for having the worst social
services. Of course it's frustrating. If I were
the kind of person who had ulcers I'd
probably have a few. But one way of dealing
with that frustration is to continually talk
about what the minister is doing. And I don't
believe, as I said, that the minister is
fighting the government on this issue. I
think he is stating their case very clearly. I
think he is a good Social Creditor, and that in
fact, he is the mouthpiece of the premier on
this particular issue.
There isn't any question that they have
absolutely nothing but contempt for the
people. He carries that message across very
PF: Do you think that, through this contempt, the NDP will be able to win the next
Brown: As I said, again it depends on the
voting public. They are not going to go into
the election saying they didn't know because
they've had an opportunity to compare (the
two governments). In 1972, when they voted
NDP, they didn't realize .what we were
doing, having come out of 20 years of Social
Credit. We've had three and a half years of
the NDP and three years of Social Credit.
They've had the perfect opportunity to
compare the direction of the two kinds of
government. I think that in the next election
the voting will be pretty accurate in terms of
what British Columbians want.
PF: To what extent do you see any split in
Social Credit, any internal dissent over the
did was to refer to a thesis by a student at
UBC who did a study of Social Credit and its
attitude to welfare and social services. It
was dead on — it was really accurate. Going
back to the beginnings, they really believe
that if you lead a good clean, honest life
you'll make lots of money. You'll grow up to
have a used car dealership or a hardware
store before you're 21. If you're not, that's
because you've done something wrong.
You're lazy or shiftless. They don't take into
account that not everybody wants to make a
million. Secondly, a number of people have
to work in the service area — people who
work as teachers, nurses and social
workers. They're never going to be
millionaires because it's more important for
them to be in the service area than to be out
making millions of dollars.
The poor people in this country are mostly
old. It's terrible the way we treat older
people. The latest statistics show that the
poorest people in this country are old, single
women. That doesn't matter to this
PF: How has Bill 65 affected them?
Brown: The services in Vancouver are in
the process of reorganization, being centralized in Victoria. One of the things that
has come out is it is beginning to cost more.
One of the reasons he (Vander Zalm) gave
for disbanding the Resources Board was
that it could be done more cheaply.
He's spending a lot more money looking
for fraud than delivering services. When the
services were local it was very hard to get
away with fraud. Now he is hiring more
social police.
The quality of services has gone down.
This is what centralization does. He has
alienated again and stigmatized the people
who receive services from the rest of the
This is why we believe that they will be
going to an election. The budget that their
going to have to bring up in 1979 is going to
be a deficit budget. Their platform has
always been that they would not have deficit
budgets . . .
The twenty years between 1052 and 1972
was a time when British Columbians were
prepared to put up with second class health
services. We put up with second class
educational facilities. Under the old man
they stopped building libraties and gym
facilities in the schools. There was an absolute freeze on educational funding. The
pupil-teacher ratio was the worst in the
country. The old age pension was laughable.
Senior citizens were feeding on cat food and
dog food becuase they were getting 75
dollars a month. Once they had an NDP
government and realized that it was
possible for everyone to have a basic
minimum income, that educational
facilities could be upgraded, that the pupil-
teacher ratio could be brought down, they
weren't going yo be able to put them back in
the days of W.A.C.
PF: What exactly do you mean when you
call someone like Bill Vander Zalm or Pat
Jordan a good Social Crediter?
Brown: Unfortunately, being a Social
Crediter is not a very good thing.
PF: Have you had any trouble being a
woman in a legislature made up mostly of
Brown: That is not the problem it was in
1972m At that time when any of the women
got up to speak, there were facetious
statements about the lady members. I think
that they have been stung so often by "the
lady members" that when we do get up to
speak, they listen.
Thursday, A\arch 23, 1978
Page Friday v 5 Isctencei
Fusion power solves energy problem
In the next 20 years atomic
fusion could become a practical
source of energy. If it takes us
longer than that we will be the
keepers of everlastingly radioactive garbage. The sooner a clean
fusion reactor can be built the
fewer fission reactors will end up
depositing isotopes in our bones.
The feat of fusing nuclei has long
been accomplished on a laboratory
scale. But to produce a reactor that
gives off more power than you put
in is an extended effort that is more
of a political longshot than our
governments have cared to try.
Even while the American fusion
program began to reach its breakeven point, Carter reduced their
research budget by 20 per cent.
The Canadian fusion budget, being
zero is reportedly holding level
despite attempted trimming.
If diverting some of Atomic
Energy of Canada's energies from
proliferating its CANDU reactors
to fusion research does not result in
immediate benefits we would still
end up with fewer dirty reactors
and their attendant wastes. Even
with the best of intentions our
CANDU reactors have given India
the means to build a bomb. By
giving other Third World countries
nuclear technology we have sold
them problems that we do not want
The planned fusion reactors are
inherently safer from Acts of God,
sabotage and blown fuses. Fusion
fuels cannot be used for bombs or
to hold a population at ransom.
Unlike fission reactors there could
be no change of a "runaway"
accident. The most dangerous
isotope produced in the planned
reaction would be tritium,
decaying through low-energy beta
decay in its half-life of 12.5 years.
However the tritium is reinvested
in the fuel cycle and is consumed
when it combines with the other
component of the fuel, deutrinium.
Also an isotope of hydrogen
deutrinium is non-radioactive and
Big or Small Jobs
George & Berny's
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
is extracted from water. By its
nature the deutrinium-tri-tium
reaction leaves no debris behind;
only natural helium is produced.
At the moment only the simplest
fusion reactions are conceivably
within the limits of present
About a hundred times more
difficult to ignite is the most
favorable reaction. If boron can be
persuaded to fuse with a proton
completely non-radioactive power
could be converted to electricity.
The present strategies to achieve
fusion involve heating and compressing matter until its atoms
liberate energy by combining then-
nuclei. Once this is achieved the
resulting plasma has to last long
enough to give off more heat than
is put in.
Most machines can satisfy only
one of these requirements. Two of
the popular approaches to
triggering fusion are high-power
laser systems and magnetic
schemes. The evolution of these
facilities appears to be too much of
a trial and error process for our
faint-hearted ministers of finance.
The major consequence of an
operating thermonuclear power
plant would be the dispersal of heat
to the surrounding area. But this is
the thermodynamic price of
releasing any type of energy.
Another product of these reactors is a large internal flux of
neutrons that could possibly be
used to defuse our presently unmanageable atomic wastes.
For example plutonium could be
radiated to render it useless for an
atomic bomb. But the same
neutron flux degrades the reactor
structure, eventually leaving it
inoperable. Every type of reactor
suffers from this limited lifetime,
and leaves us with the problem of
disposing with its rusty hulk.
Achieving economic fusion
should be a goal of our present
technology. Without support from
the public the government will
continue to coast on with its
presently dangerous program.
Part of the reason for the
political reluctance of the governments of the world to make fusion a
priority is the predominantly anti-
nuclear sentiment arising from the
demonstrably dangerous fission
Unless the value of the fusion
program is defined on its own
merits the efforts of the anti-
nuclear community will ironically
result in our relying on the increasingly numerous fission plants
without a safe alternative in
nuclear fusion.
of Regent College
Thurs., March 23 at 12:30 in Chem 250
Sponsored by Intervarsity Christian Fellowship
If you are an engineer this chair
could be yours.
It's the Master Engineering Control
Centre of one of our DDH 280 Destroyers
—powered by jet turbine engines, one of
the most advanced propulsion systems in
the world.
In Canada's ships, Maritime
Engineers work in a wide range of
disciplines—mechanical, electrical and
electronic. Marine Engineers are
responsible for hull, main propulsion,
and associated systems. Combat Systems
Engineers are responsible for the
fighting equipment—weapons, electronic
sensors, communications and control
systems. And both are managers,
supervisors and leaders of men.
If you're an engineer, or studying
to become one, think about this Officer's
career. It will offer you challenge
on both a professional and
personal level—and might take
you anywhere in the world.
Director of Recruiting & Selection,
National Defence Headquarters,
Ottawa, Ontario K1A0K2
Please send me more information about
opportunities in the Canadian Forces for
Maritime Engineers.
Postal Code
Page Friday. 6
Thursday, March 23, 1978 V-   <5s»*   * <
Video Inn salvation for tube freaks
A fast talking professor at the
University of Colorado says that 98
per cent of all American homes
have indoor plumbing. But 99 per
cent of them have television.
Obviously, there's too much crap
coming in and not enough going
out, concludes Dr. Morris Massey,
a professor of business administration, in a videotape called
What You Are is Where You Were
Interesting title, huh? This article isn't going to dwell too long on
it, but consider Massey's comment.
So let's go to a place that has the
potential to cure the constipated
misery of the average TV junkie
who's willing to watch a bunch of
dots travel across a silvery matrix
at a mind-blowing rate.
You know the type. When they
turn on a TV set, which isn't often,
usually just between trips to the
local LCB with a stop at the
Safeway for some Pringles, they're
all psyched up to watch every dot
that the electron scanner relentlessly shoots at them.
They absorb those dots. Every
The problem is, what's on the
screen doesn't really matter. As
Macluhan says, television is an
extremely cool medium. That has
nothing to do with its temperature,
but means that the content isn't as
important as the medium itself. It
gets the viewer participating
actively, albeit in the sense of
having two feet stretched out on
the chaise-lounge, one hand patting
the basset hound, the other holding
the Space Command electronic
channel selector, ready to switch
stations at the hint of a commercial
Doesn't sound like a high level of
involvement, does it? Ever notice
how much easier it is to talk out of
a bad movie at the theatre than to
turn the same film off at home
when it's being shown for free?
Television has the hypnotic effect,
film doesn't, and that's why TV
addicts are a far breed away from
film afficiandos.
Anyway, there's hope for these
video junkies. Drag them down to
Video Inn. It's a small little place
on the wrong side of dockside Main
Street, conveniently located near
the architecturally-enervating
conservatory of applied law,
locally known as the cop shop.
The interior of Video Inn is
designed to delight, enchant and
turn on any videophile. There they
are ... five shining television
sets. Comfortable chesterfields. A
few smiling faces, welcoming you
to the inn.
But you've wandered too far!
Head back towards the door. Stop
right there, in the bright room with
all the windows, where the real
world is revealing itself without a
break, not just at 60 brief flashes a
To the right is the videotape
library, a collection of over 700
tapes than can arouse, stimulate,
entertain or educate any video-
lover, and without any commercials either.
You won't find any video tapes of
My Mother the Car here. Nor will
you find anything that has the
slightest hint of having been
considered by CBS to run against
the Happy Days.
This is videotape, not television.
VT not TV.
Videotape is an art form, as well
as a medium of communication.
Television . . . well, television is
denture ads and Airstream trailers
on the way to Florida and digested
best-sellers and telethons. Public
television isn't much better, not
being much more than shows on
Holistic dentistry, people driving
their Saabs to watch Leonard
Bernstein, chewed-up classics and
membership drives.
A look through the tape library
reveals a veritable bonanza
(forgive the pun) of small-format-
tape delicacies. The tapes are
listed under 10 headings, covering
the fields of awareness, life-styles,
survival and art with an earnest
There are over 50 tapes listed
under community politics and the
law alone, dealing with issues, both
local and national, that are inaccessible by any other means to the
average person.
Or, for that matter, how else
could you find out what happened
at the 1972 Kootenay Valley Folk
Festival, and how it differed from
the Castlegar festival in 1976?
Don't wait for 60 Minutes to do an
item on it.
Video Inn is the major operation
of the Satellite Video Exchange
Society, a collection of some 15
artists who happen to enjoy
making videotapes.
The library and viewing area are
more of an offshoot of the Satellite
Society's major aim, which is to
provide a medium of information
through a network of noncommercial artists.
The society's main function is to
exchange the tapes it makes with
other artists. Video tape is easily
copied, as all one needs is a blank
reel and two VTR's (videotape
Satellite Video has its beginning
in 1972. Metromedia, a local video
company, held an international
conference called Matrix here.
Artists brought their tapes, which
were traded with a high level of
enthusiasm. "We should do this
more often," one of them probably
said. The trading continued, and
the video exchange directory was
born, a guide to who's who and
who's on the way to becoming who
in the world of small-format video.
The guide keeps growing every
Something had to be done with
all the tapes. Metromedia was
more involved with producing
videotapes than storing them.
Video Inn entered the world in 1973.
A year later, some of the members
went on a cross-country tour to
publicize the place and get more
Today the inn receives tapes
from all six continents. It has the
only facilities in Canada for
dubbing European tapes onto tapes
that are compatible with North
American machines. European
and third-world video is interesting
in that it's more politically
oriented than the domestic
material. Most North American
political tapes come from Quebec,
being produced in both languages.
The benefit is to the public, in the
form of the library with its dazzling
diversity. A quick look through the
videotape catalogue reveals a
wealth of information for almost
Doctor Morgentaler speaks on
abortion. Video Arts of Ohio has a
primer on how to smoke dope,
accompanied by Cheech and Chong
excerpts. Videofreex looks at
Abbie Hoffman, Jean Genet, Mrs.
Bobby Seale and other relics of the
1960s. There are tapes done by, for,
and about women.
And when you've had enough of
watching other people's tapes, you
can choose one of several that will
tell you how to get involved in
Video Inn is open to all people,
not just those who have just
realized that there is more to life
than the Starship Enterprise, but
want to be eased into reality
It's at 261 Powell Street and is
open from 11 to 5 p.m. seven days a
week. The phone number to call is
688-4336, which they cleverly call
Drop by anytime. The viewing's
free. And if you want to, you can
bring down some beer and pretzels.
—neal mcallister photo
VIDEOPHILE . .. aroused and stimulated by videotapes as a means of being gradually easedinto reality.
The Langara campus of Vancouver Community College offers first- and second-year
students an excellent opportunity for concentrated work in arts and science courses.
Smaller classes provide the setting for more individual instruction. A relaxed,
informal setting means less pressure, greater student-teacher rapport. Think about it:
the way to do better at UBC next fall may be to go to Langara this summer.
Call for a summer course schedule now. Classes being May 3.
Classes start May 3
100 West 49th Avenue - 324-5221
Vancouver Community College
Thursday, March 23, 1978
Page Friday, 7 Strong direction seen for next year s PF
Ubyssey Appointments Editor
After a stunning rise to power in
the political jungle of Page Friday,
veteran staffer Gregory Strong
was elected Tuesday as editor of
this reputable journal of the arts in
Despite months of speculation in
the PF offices that Strong's opponent Arnie Banham would take
the election hands down, Strong
bowled over the staff with his
electric personality in last week's
screening session.
Strong, a midly decadent drama
and literature critic was at some
disadvantage because he hadn't
shown his face in the office as
much as opponent Banham. But he
dismissed this fault by reminding
the staff of Banham's status.
"Who wants a fucking newssider
for editor, anyway?" he said.
After his victory was announced,
Strong told a Ubyssey reporter that
it was a victory for the absurdist
philosophies of Bertoldt Brecht and
Samuel Beckett.
"I don't even exist," he said.
"You elected the wrong man."
Outgoing editor, Bruce Baugh,
attempted to rationalize Strong's
sudden flex  of  muscles  by  ex
plaining the necessity of strength
in the universe to counter balance
the powers of weakness.
"The laws of the universe apply
to Page Friday as w e 11," said
Baugh. "Greg's victory proves
In reply to Baugh's comments,
former PF editors Merriiee
Robson and David Morton said,
"That must mean we were God
when we were editing this rag."
"God knows what will happen
now," they exhorted.
Jealous newssider, Bill Tieleman
said, "Jesus I wish I was good
enough to write for Page Friday."
Orchestra needs conductor
Last Saturday, the lower
mainland of B.C. was treated to a
concert by the 34-member
professional core of the Victoria
Symphony Orchestra. It was
conducted by Laszlo Gati in
Burnaby's James Cowan Theatre.
A sparkling version of Mozart's
Marriage of Figaro Overture
opened the concert. This piece
revealed the surprisingly high
overall technical calibre of the
The tempo was just too fast to
allow the winds to comfortably
articulate their fast passages.
However, this did not seriously
detract from the effectiveness of
the piece as few but the world's top
virtuoso orchestras can manage
this to true perfection anyway.
Next, Jane MacKenzie, a student
in the Department of Music at the
University of Victoria, sang
Mozart's Exultate, Jubilate, K.165.
MacKenzie is a sensitive
musician with much promise. She
did do some lovely things, in-
terpretationally and technically, in
this treacherously difficult solo.
Her musical development thus far,
however, did not allow her to
sustain these extremely high in-
terpretational and technical
demands all the way through the
Her basic musicality is admirable and undeniable. Only a
few more years of technical
development stand between her
and truly beautiful renditions of
this work.
Mozart's Symphony No. 40
concluded the first half of the
programme. The technical aspects
of the music's performance were
satisfactory enough. But a nagging
suspicion which had germinated
during the concert opener had by
now confirmed itself.
An aura of great sobriety hung
over every interpretational aspect
of the music. Technical details
were played tidily enough but the
music never sparkled, never came
quite alive. Sforzandos had no
sting. Softs were not quite soft.
Louds were not loud. Phrases had
only stilted shape. Rhetorical
gestures were token rather than
vibrant and alive.
A glance at Gati's matter of fact
conducting style, with his weight
nonchalantly shifted to his left leg
and amiably cueing entries slightly
late, left no doubt as to what was
responsible for the lacklustre
Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 4,
which followed the intermission,
also suffered somewhat from interpretational anaemia. As in the
Mozart, the quality of the playing
was technically adequate, but little
musically vital had been developed
from it.
There is little else to say: it was a
competent enough performance
demonstrating that a great deal of
potential lies with the VicSO but as
yet it has been only partially
Three  of  Brahms'   Hungarian
Page Friday, 8
Dances, numbers One, Six and Five, quite.   But  they  are   lively   and   |
concluded the  concert.   These entertaining pieces and made an   *
almost provided the life missing ideal closing group for a pleasant if
from the earlier works, but not not overly inspiring concert.
—neal mcalhster photo
'Da da da da da da da!
Thursday, March 23, 1978 ibooks
Living in space takes reality in book
Now that the glamor days of the
Apollo inoon landings are but a
fading memory, spaceflights are
taking on a more practical but less
spectacular air.
But it is only recently with such
projects as the U.S. Skylab and
Soviet Salyuts that humans are
finally learning how to live in
space. The stuff of science fiction is
becoming fact.
A House in Space
by Henry S.F. Cooper, Jr.
Bantam Books
$1.95 paperbound
The books covering the Soviet
and U.S. space exploits of the past
20 years have teen mostly boring
histories a la "Gus Grissom and
John   Young   roared   into   space
From PF 4
Western civilization, our
civilization hangs together by
certain myths like Christianity. I
mean whether Christianity is true
or not is totally beside the point.
What is important socially is that
everybody knows what the cross
means and everybody knows how
to behave in church.
It is theatre and the drama on the
media which provides us with our
common ground of heroes, common ideals and ideals of beauty. I
mean you don't realize that your
idea of what a beautiful girl is. It is
shaped by the girls that you've
seen in the theatre or on television.
So I think a society would be unable
to exist without a common set of
stories, rules of behavior which are
translated and made known to
society by the concrete representation that you find in drama.
PF: Then the critic retranslates
the concrete image into the abstract.
Esslin: Sure. Absolutely. The
critic retranslates into abstract
terms and draws lessons from it.
But not many people who watch
soap operas read critical reviews
and not many critics translate soap
opera into abstract terms
(laughs). You tend to translate into
abstract terms those things that
lend themselves to abstraction.
aboard Gemini 3 on March 23,1965,
making three orbits and becoming
the first crew to manoeuvre their
spacecraft. America was a step
closer to the moon. . . blah blah
blah. . ."
An exception to this was Mike
Collins' perspective and witty
astronaut memoir, Carrying the
Fire. Now there is a second book
which can be enjoyed by people
who aren't space fanatics like
Henry Cooper's House in Space
looks at the Skylab from the point
of view of the nine astronauts who
inhabited it for periods of up to 84
days in 1973 and 1974.
In the world of the roomy Skylab
station, the astromauts found a
new set of problems: small pieces
of equipment floating away only to
be found on a ventilation screen
hours later, being trapped in the
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centre of the cavernous workshop
area because the astronaut floated
across too slowly, suffering from
congested heads because blood
isn't pooling in lower extremities
as under earth's gravity and food
flying off into all parts of the space
station, among other things.
Science fiction writers have
speculated for decades about how
life would be in a space station
similar to Skylab; and now there is
an account of what life in space is
really like.
"Keeping their food from flying
off the silverware was a problem.
If an astronaut at breakfast spooned
up a bit of egg and then stopped
halfway to his mouth — to ask
someone to pass the salt, say — the
egg would leave the spoon and,
continuing on its own trajectory,
impact on the astronaut's face.
They had to have their mouths in
exactly the right spot and keep
them open, for there was no way to
stop the spoonful of food once it had
started on its way."
Aside from the problems and
joys brought on by the weightless
conditions of Skylab, there were
the problems caused by the Skylab
design. Unlike previous space
flights, Skylab was designed to be a
home and a workplace for the
astronauts. But, as Cooper points
out, Skylab was designed by
engineers, who tended to forget
that Skylab was a home. The walls
were in an irritating color.
Fireproofed clothing and equipment were bothersome to the
astronauts. The station's toilet seat
was halfway up a wall.
The book focuses on the third and
longest Skylab flight. Unlike their
predecessors, Gerald Carr, Edward Gibson   and William Pogue
complained loudly about
everything in Skylab which they
didn't like. Pressed by ground
control to perform hundreds of
experiments, they became overworked and finally, Commander
Carr told the ground that his crew
would cut down on assigned work
in order to allow enough time to
relax and to do important experiments properly.
Astronauts are humans, too, and
for the first time, a space book
looks at human problems of space
Although I would have liked to
see more about what the
astronauts experienced while
working outside Skylab, the book's
departure from a boring institutional history view of space
travel makes it fascinating reading
for anyone with the slightest interest in this newest frontier.
Nominated for
11 Academy Awards
Starts Friday - ONE SHOW 8 P.M.
Warning: Some Violence.
May offend some religious groups.
— B.C. Director
Thursday, March 23,  1978
Page Friday. 9 c&y&ag& ^ k&-
Hot Wax tells Alan Freed's tragic tale
There once was a time when
rock n' roll was threatening.
Responsible parents tried to keep
their kids away from it. But the
kids had been glutted with the
Velveeta p o p of Pat Boone and
when thousands of transitor radios
blurted out, "I'm Alan Freed, and
this is rock and roll," it was a call
to arms. The volume knobs were
given an affirmative twist, heads
started bobbing, hips started
shaking and parents quivered,
watching the Bilko show, while the
hope for America's future listened
to, horror of horrors, Negro music.
American Hot Wax is the story of
Alan Freed and the three days
from September 5 to 8, 1959,
leading up to his First Anniversary
Rock n' Roll Show at Brooklyn's
Paramount Theater.
Tim Mclntire plays Alan Freed,
a man caught in the cancer of the
burgeoning record business. Fired
by cigarettes, beer, and scotch,
Freed carried on his radio show
from WROL in New York,
produced records and promoted
his First Anniversary Show. None
of these tasks were simple due to
parental and governmental
disapproval of the idea that nice
white kids could respond to this
Negro "jungle music" with its
overtly sexual lyrics without going
ape-shit. Freed went against all the
conventions and played records
and booked acts which he could see
were going to change the face of
pop music forever. And he faced
the consequences of bucking the
The music of American Hot Wax
is just great. Commendably it
avoids much of the crud which
became a fad in the early seventies
under the label of Graffiti music.
Chuck Berry, looking younger than
ever, Jerry Lee Lewis, looking
more depraved than ever,
Screamin' Jay Hawkins, looking as
crazy as ever, and Frankie Ford,
looking greasier than every, play
themselves in the movie. Laraine
Newman, of NBC Saturday Night
fame, plays Teenage Louise, a
young songwriter, who along with
a (non-existant at the time) Black
street corner group called the
Chesterfields plays out the
American dream: coming from
humble beginnings to budding
stardom due to Freed's altruism.
This portrait of Freed as an
abnormally outgoing man whose
self-sacrifice spawned rock n' roll
is a bit cloying. Nobody, but
nobody, could be as nice as Freed
is made out to be. He sticks up for
blacks, bends rules and
regulations to help young artists,
saves children from under the feet
of a stampeding mob, and gets his
ass in a sling for being too honest to
deny the existence of payola.
The last 20 minutes of the movie
recreates the actual rock n' roll
show. Behind the scenes the feds,
narcs, and IRS are trying to stop
the show. Onstage Freed is seeing
to it that four thousand kids are
getting their money's worth.
As always Chuck Berry is a joy
be behold. Duckwalking, doing the
splits, and being as sexually
suggestive as possible, he
emanates all the youthful vigor of
his original days.
March 23rd. 12:30 - 2:30
BUCHANAN  100 Admission: FREE
Jerry Lee Lewis shows how he
earned his name the "Killer."
throwing his piano stool around the
stage and jumping on his piano.
A rare appearance by Screamin'
Jay Hawkins, is a highlight and
shows where bands like Alice
Cooper and Kiss got their
theatrical style. The concert is
moving, as a personal triumph for
Freed and his music and the excitement of the audience extends
into the theatre audience.
The story doesn't have a happy
ending. The IRS appropriated the
box office receipts. Freed was
indicted for accepting payola and
the man who originated the phrase
rock n' roll died penniless in
California five years later.
During the concert Freed told
the Feds, "You can stop me, but
you can't stop rock n' roll." He was
right, but one leaves the theatre
wishing that they hadn't stopped
Alan Freed.
Subfilms gets it on and presents:
^    Fellini's
SUB Aud. Thurs. & Sun. 7:00. Fri. & Sat. 7:00 & 9:45. 75c
Bring your raincoat and newspaper.
16th Avenue & Arbutus
March 31. April 1, 2
April 3, 4, 5 MATURE
TREASURE: 7:00,11:15
SHOOT THE: 7:00, 10:30
THE 400 BLOWS:   8:45
April 6, 7, 8
I Yellow Sub: 7:00, 10:30
King of Hearts:   8:45 f
April 9, 10, 11, 12
KIND   HEARTS: 7:00,  11:00
April 13, 14, 15
Warning-occasional sex
SCENES: 8:45
COUSIN: 7:00, 11:30
April 16, 17, 18, 19
Alfred Hitchcock's
Two Greatest
Mystery Classics
The Lady
Michael Redgrave
Margaret Lockwood
THE LADY:  7:00,  10:30
39 STEPS: 8:50
April 20, 21, 22
Occasional Course
1^ Sir
April 23, 24, 25, 26
Sir Lawrence Olivier
& Michael Caine
SILENT  MOVIE:   7:00,   11:05
SLEUTH:     8:45
DUCK SOUP:   8:30,   11:30
HORSEFEATHERS:   7:00,  9:45
3    April 27, 28, 29
7:00,  10:40
April 30, l\1ay 1, 2, 3
I    1
Marlon Brando
Wild One
On The Waterfront   WILD ONE: 7:0°. 10:30
Page Friday, 10
Thursday, March 23,  1978 By NICHOLAS READ
You are invited to discover the
wit and wisdom of Sir Noel Coward
when the musical revue Tonite:
Noel Coward returns to the Lower
Mainland for a limited run
beginning; March 28 at the Studio
Theatre, 4th and Chesterfield in
North Vancouver. The show, which
enjoyed highly successful
engagements at the City Stage
Theatre in 1976 and 1977, features
Daphne Goldrick, Linda Kappus,
Vince Metcalfe, Mel Erickesen and
Lloyd Nicholson in a tribute to the
words, humor and music of Sir
Noel. Showtime is 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday through Friday, 6 and 9
p.m. on Saturdays and 7:30 p.m. on
Sundays. The production will run
until April 8.
If you are interested in exploring
the many activities available at the
Burnaby Arts Centre, 6450 Gilpin,
you should attend the centre's
Open House this Easter weekend.
On view will be: an art exhibition,
two special performances of the
Canadian Theatre of the Deaf, a
craft fair, and a variety of films,
workshops and demonstrations,
and to keep the children occupied,
there will be supervised Easter
games. The centre will remain
open throughout Friday, Saturday
and Sunday afternoon, and admission is free.
In case you missed seeing them
last weekend, the Paula Ross
Dance Centre, 3488 West Broadway, will present a repeat of its
home season performances on
March 23, 14 and 25. Showtime all
three evenings is 8:30 p.m.
Trumpets and a two-manual 19-
stop Casavant organ are the
featured instruments in the final
concert of the Burnaby Arts
Council's series Bach to Brahms in
Burnaby. Trumpeter Ray
Kirkham and organist John Mitchell will perform works of the
Baroque masters including
Telemann, Albinoni and Viviani,
and several contemporary
selections. Concert time is 8 p.m.
on March 31 at the Christian
Reformed Church, 8255 13th
Avenue, Burnaby.
The Vancouver East Cultural
Centre, 1895 Venables, will offer
another in its series of chamber
music concerts on March 26.
Sunday's concert will feature an
all-Schubert evening performed by
clarinetist Ronald de Kant, cellist
Lee Duckies, bassist Wilmer
Fawcett, violist Leslie Malowany,
bassoonist Christopher Por-
terfield, violinists Gerald Jarvis
and Akira Nagai, pianist Linda Lee
Thomas and tenor Bruce Pullan.
Concert time is 8 p.m., and student-
priced tickets are available at the
And should you find yourself in
need of a brief respite from the
hysteria of final exams, the
following is a brief preview of
upcoming events during the month
of April.
On the theatre scene, the Vancouver East Cultural Centre will
present the Tamahnous Theatre
production of Glen Thompson's
twenties-style musical, Liquid
Gold. Briefly, Liquid Gold tells the
story of a group of fishermen, a
power-hungry cannery owner, a
rum-running pirate and a British
soldier set against a background of
the imaginary fishing village of
Enver's Inlet. Liquid Gold runs
Tuesday through Saturday until
April 22. Curtain time is 8:30 p.m.
The Carousel Theatre also turns
to the sea for its April presentation.
Billed as a high-spirited sea adventure with songs and dancing,
Salt Water Follies is a revue of
seafaring life in B.C. from the time
of Captain Cook to the Seabus. The
production wil] run at the City
Stage Theatre from April 17 to May
6. Showtimes are 10 a.m. and 2
p.m. Mondays through Thursdays,
10 a.m. Fridays and 2 p.m. on
The 1978 Institutional Theatre
Production is a new adaption of
Bertoldt Brecht's Threepenny
Opera with music by Kurt Weill.
ITP is a dramatics society situated
inside the Matsqui Institute, a
federal prison located in the
District of Matsqui near Abbotsford B.C. Consequently, the
society requests that tickets be
procured through advanced
booking only. Threepenny Opera
will run each Saturday and Sunday
through the month of April, and
showtime is 6:30 p.m. each
Turning to music, The Vancouver Society for Early Music will
present a series of informal concerts throughout the months of
April and May beginning with a
performance by harpsichordist
Doreen Oke on April 1 Subsequent
concerts will feature the Arcadelt
Consort on April 21, an evening of
German and Italian Baroque
chamber music on May 12, and a
performance of Renaissance lute
songs and lute solos on May 19. All
concerts will take place at 2715
West 12th Avenue.
Vancouver's baroque music
group, the Cecilian Ensemble, will
present a programme of work by
Rameau and Couperin when it
performs in the Koerner Recital
Hall at the -Community Music
School, 2715 West 12th Ave., on
April 7. Concert time is 8:30 p.m.,
and student tickets are available at
Allegro Books, Magic Flute
Records and North Shore Music.
Included among the many events
scheduled to take place at the
Vancouver East Cultural Centre
next month are a performance of
the Terminal City Dance Theatre
on April 27, 28 and 29, the ninth
concert in the centre's Masterpiece
Music series on April 16 and 17, an
evening of music with Dan Rubin
and His Flying Mountain on April
2, and a Cultural Funk presentation of The Whilom Stringband
on April 9 and 10. For showtimes
A snap
When you're drinking
tequila, Sauza's the shot
that counts. That's why more
and more people are asking
for it by name.
Number One in Mexico.
Number One in Canada.
and a complete calendar of upcoming VECC events contact the
Centre at 254-9578.
The Surrey Art Gallery, 13750 -
88th Ave., Surrey, has also
scheduled a number of cultural
events for the month of April.
Included in the gallery's April
calendar are a presentation of
electronic music on April 9 at 2
p.m., a performance by Ishmael
Katz and Shawn Robins on April 23
at 2 p.m., and a magic show by Ken
Benoy on April 23 at 3:30 p.m. The
admission for these and other April
events is free.
Finally, turning to the world of
art, the Burnaby Art Gallery has
scheduled two exhibits for April,
one entitled Three Poet Painters
which features the works of Eldon
Grier, P.K. Page and Joe
Rosenblatt; and the other, Inside
Landscape: Paintings of Hornby
Island by Gordon Payne. Both
exhibits will continue throughout
April and into the first week of
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Thursday, March 23, 1978
Page Friday, 11 Page 20
Thursday, March 23, 1978
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