UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Dec 3, 1976

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 Kenny sees gloomy future
Vol. LIX, No. 31        VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1976
JW .. *
—matt king graphic
DUG'S BREAKFAST greets Scoop the Fearless Newshound as he continues miraculous recovery from
starvation that threatened him some weeks ago. After meal, Scoop crawled under desk where he will sleep
until January, when he will regurgitate Ubyssey staffers, freeing them to giveyou another term's Ubysseys.
Students should be prepared to
pay more for less next year, UBC
administration president DoUg
Kenny said Thursday.
Kenny told 500 UBC professors in
IRC 2 that academic programs
may be drastically cut back and
tuition fees increased if indications
of a small budget increase from the
provincial government next year
are accurate.
"The weather signs are not very
promising," he said. "The weather
signs suggest we will face considerable difficulties in the coming
Addressing a special meeting of
professors and student representatives from UBC's 12 faculties,
Kenny revealed the university has
requested a budget increase of
about 25 per cent for the 1977-78
academic year.
UBC submitted its request to the
Universities Council in August but
the council will not tell UBC the
size of its budget until spring, after
the provincial budget has come
But Kenny also quoted from a
letter he said was sent from
education minister Pat McGeer to
the council a week ago that tells the
council to expect little or no in
crease in the money available for
universities next year.
The council receives a lump sum
from the provincial government in
the winter and then decides how to
divide it up between universities.
Kenny emphasized the
university will be hurt badly by
McGeer's decision not to provide
UBC with a special spring grant in
He said when the university
received a $4.5 million special
grant last year to cover a budget
shortfall from the previous year's
salary commitments, it assumed
the grant would be built into the
1977-78 budget.
"So even if we receive what we
have requested, we will be short
$4.5 million," Kenny said.
Kenny said tuition fees would
have to increase about 45 per cent
or $200 a student to make up the
shortfall if current programs are
"This is a large increase —
unfairly large in my opinion. I
personally believe in the lowest
possible tuition fees because I
believe in maintaining maximum
access (to higher education)."
"But I also believe in maintaining the quality of education.
See page 19: BE
Minister ducks
tuition fee issue
In a letter to Alma Mater Society
president Dave Theessen,.
education minister Pat McGeer
says there will likely be little increase in education spending next
"The premier of the province has
stated that taxes will not be increased in the coming year. As a
consequence, the educational
enterprise, like all sectors of our
society, must live within the means
that our present taxes will
produce," McGeer said.
McGeer's letter was a response
to 6,000 form letters from UBC
students opposing tuition fee increases. The letter campaign was
organized by the AMS in early
Theessen said McGeer is trying
to pass the blame for a tuition fee
increase onto the UBC board of
governors. Neither the board nor
McGeer want to make a decision
about increasing tuition fees, he
"The AMS is watching a game of
handball between Kenny and
McGeer," he said.
The board wants to maintain a
high quality of education with low
tuition fees, said Theessen. "But
McGeer has made no commitment
in his letter for more funding of the
university, and if there is no fun-
AIB aids admin in contract disputes
The administration, backed by the federal
anti-inflation board, holds all the cards this
year in labor relations on campus.
Wage increases are just as important in this
year's contract talks as before the AIB was
formed in Oct. 1975. But this year the administration has shifted the focus in
negotiations from wages to other issues such as
grievance procedures and job security.
Most contract disputes have gone to
mediation and the AIB guidelines have
dominated negotiations about wage issues, and
many campus workers supported the Canadian
Labor Congress" day of protest on Oct. 14 to
show their dissatisfaction with the federal
wage and price controls.
The administration says it cannot offer high
wage increases because of its inability to pay
them and because of the AIB guidelines. The
provincial government determines the
university's budget, so the administration
claims it has no control of funding and cannot
pay high wages if there are budget cutbacks.
The AIB guidelines, when applied, limit wage
increases gained in new contracts to about
eight per cent in the first year and six per cent
in the second. The gain in the real buying power
of wages is therefore limited to almost nothing,
because it is merely keeping abreast with inflation.
The administration does best to prolong
contract talks, psychologically wearing down
union members, until the union asks for a
mediator in the dispute. By maintaining a hard-
nosed attitude, the administration stands to
gain in the same manner as do employers
across the country.
The AIB is likely to roll back wage increases
which are higher than allowed by the
guidelines. This is one way in which the federal
government is trying to limit inflation, and it
will have an effect on inflation. Another way of
limiting inflation is to regulate price increases.
When a mediator makes a decision about a
contract dispute, he is influenced by contracts
which have been settled. We are in a recession
and wage increases are lower than before the
AIB was formed. Therefore the administration's best bet is to let a mediator
settle a dispute.
Mediator Jock Waterston thought the 40-
member Office and Technical Employees
Union, local 15, still without a contract in eight
months, would not get a settlement until the
1,500 member Canadian Union of Public
Employees settled, OTEU negotiator Bert
Mitchell says. CUPE members agreed Oct. 3 to
accept a 7.5 per cent wage increase, after six
months of talks.
Waterston also mediated the CUPE dispute.
CUPE has workers in food services, residences, physical plant, and UBC patrol. OTEU
represents construction tradesmen at UBC.
CUPE wanted a 23 per cent wage increase
this year, but was forced to settle for 7.5 per
cent, raising top wages of an assistant
technician to $1,022 a month from $951 a month.
Last year, CUPE settled for a wage increase
twice as large.
"It's absolutely impossible to negotiate with
the anti-inflation board and the provincial
government cutbacks in education spending,"
CUPE president Ken Andrews said Oct. 4. He
said CUPE members' disappointment at their
See page 23: AIB
ding, he is forcing the hand of the
board to raise tuition fees."
Student board member Basil
Peters said McGeer is using
pressure tactics to force the board
to take a harder line in negotiating
wage settlements with staff or to
raise tuition fees.
Peters said the only way the
university can reduce spending is
to lay off staff. More than 80 per
cent of the university's budget is
spent on salaries, he said.
The Social Credit government's
Seepage 2: MINISTER
Education minister Pat McGeer
said Tuesday UBC has spent more
money than the government gave
it in the past and then expected the
government to give it more.
"They are always behind the
eight ball and then are in financial
difficulties," he said. "It's possible
to get away with it in periods of
inflation and growth but we do not
have inflation now and growth in
universities is very small."
McGeer was commenting on a
letter he sent to UBC administration president Doug
Kenny last week, in which he said
tuition fees could be kept down by a
change in the university's fiscal
Last year the three public
universities were given a $7.5
million grant to pay off faculty
contracts in July that they were
unable to provide for in the
operating budget, allocated in
UBC received $4.5 million of the
grant. The university suffered a
shortfall because the previous
year's operating grant did not
cover the last three months of the
faculty contract.
McGeer said by moving the date
of the salary negotiations to meet
the fiscal year, the university will
know how much money it can
expect to give in salaries for the
coming year.
He said this would prevent the
government from giving the
universities another special grant.
See page 2: McGEER Page 2
Friday, December 3, 1976
Minister ducks
From page 1
policy that fiscal restraint is
necessary because of the state of
the economy may be valid, said
Peters. But UBC and other
universities and colleges are being
cut back too much, he said.
Peters said UBC will need a
budget increase of at least 10 per
cent if it is to keep its current
number of staff.
Board members Gideon
Rosenbluth and George Morfitt
have said they favor tuition fee
increases, and Basil Peters,
Thomas Dohm and UBC administration president Doug
Kenny have said they are opposed
to fee increases.
Peters said pressure by McGeer
might tip the balance in favor of
higher fees. "I'm upset at McGeer
for trying to put pressure on the
board to raise tuition fees," he
Moe Sihota, AMS external affairs officer, said McGeer's claim
that education is a high priority of
the government is questionable.
"If   education   is   such   a   high
defends letter
to Kenny
From page 1
"The university must learn to live
within its means," he said.' 'Money
doesn't grow on trees."
"If tuition fees go up next year, it
is because our suggestion fell on
deaf ears," he added.
Kenny said in a speech to UBC
faculties Thursday the university
expected the $4.5 million special
grant to become a permanent part
of the operating budget.
He said the money is needed to
meet on-going salary commitments made to the faculty last
Without the money, UBC could
experience serious financial difficulties next year, Kenny said.
McGeer wrote the letter in
response to a letter from Kenny
requesting an adequate operating
budget next year to prevent tuition
fees from increasing.
In his letter, McGeer said "...
it is the expectation of the
government and the department
that each university will adjust its
budget to coincide with the
government's fiscal year."
Pauline Jewett, Simon Fraser
University administration
president, said Wednesday
McGeer's suggestion did not have
"any financial significance."
Jewett said she did not understand how McGeer's proposal
would affect tuition fee increases.
And, she said, moving faculty
negotiations back to April 1 would
be inflationary rather than
priority why don't they back it up
with bucks?" he asked.
The government has a $52
million surplus from the Insurance
Corporation of B.C., and was able
to spend $50 million on a new
hospital at UBC that was not really
needed, he said. So there is money
available if the government is
sincere about giving education a
high priority, said Sihota.
If the university is to get more
money, the board is going to have
to put more pressure on the
government, he said. "Although
Kenny says he does not want to get
involved in a political crossfire, he
must get into the political arena if
we are to get enough money," he
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Bach's Cantata No. 140 "Sleepers, Wake"
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SUB Theatre
Beefeater Dry Gin, distilled and bottled in London, England,
retains its fine taste even in mixes. Friday, December 3, 1976
Page 3
Socreds homogenize II Council
The B.C. Universities' Council,
which acts as an intermediary
between the provincial govern-
mentand theuniversities should be
made up of people from varied
backgrounds . . . right?
There is a very good reason for
having a heterogeneous council,
which was pointed out by council
chairman William Armstrong
when the council first began in
1974. Armstrong was referring to
the original council appointed by
then-education minister Eileen
Dailly and the NDP government.
"It's a broadly based council. It
gives a nice broad representation
and a good idea input," he said.
The members of that council did
come from diverse backgrounds.
There was a psychiatrist, a free
lance writer-lecturer, senior vice-
president of the Canadian National
Railroad, a representative of the
International Woodworkers of
America and a former superintendant of education in the Northwest Territories.
There was also a former
member of the provincial Royal
Commission on family and
children's law, a member of the
Surrey school board, a senior
partner of a chartered accountant
company and a former University
of Victoria vice-president. Two of
the councillors were NDP members.
Now    consider    the    present
UBC buildings
fail access test
council, appointed by education
minister Pat McGeer and the
Social Credit government.
Two of the original members
remain because their terms have
not yet expired. They are Frank
Walden, a retired senior partner of
Clarkson and Gordon accounting
firm and Ron Harding, a former
NDP MLA from Silverton.
Another, Bernard Gilley, the
former superintendent of
education in the Northwest
Territories, was reappointed.
Recent appointees are Province
publisher Paddy Sherman, Dudley
Pric hard, a real estate broker
from Kelowna and a member of the
Socred party, Percy Sandwell of
Sandwell and company consulting
engineers, David Helliwell,' the
president of Steel Brothers Ltd.,
Ralph Gillen, a vice-president of
MacMillan Bloedel and also a
director and vice-president of the
Insurance Corporation of B.C.,
Burnaby doctor and Socred candidate in the_1969 Burnaby-
Willingdon    byelection    John
Playfair, and former Children's
Aid Society director Jean Hyatt.
Judging from the accomplishments of the original
council, it was not exactly the
model of perfection. If there was a
fault in its members it was that
there were perhaps too many
educational reformers and a lack
of financial sense among its
In his selection of the present
council McGeer has been
primarily concerned with find
what the Socreds describe as
fiscally responsible people and
judging from the list above he
could hardly have been more
successful. This council obviously
knows  something about finance.
Since the council is to inquire
into the financial needs of the
universities, make recommendations to the government,
and then distribute the money
between the three B.C. universities, it makes sense they should
have some financial expertise.
However,    the    council,    in
Most of UBC's most commonly
used buildings are inaccessible to
or insufficiently equipped for the
handicapped, according to a recent
rehabilitation medicine survey.
The 54 buildings surveyed by
fourth year rehabilitation
medicine students were judged
according to standards outlined by
the Central Mortgage and Housing
Corporation. Buildings or areas
are inaccessible when people
confined to wheelchairs can not
independently gain access to or
manoeuvre within the area.
Campus residences are among
the most inadequate buildings. The
survey said Totem Park residence
is highly inaccessible because it
lacks ramps, has inadequate
washrooms, has heavy, wide doors
and high telephones.
Place Vanier residence is
inaccessible except for the common block and main floors of
Robson and Ross houses. And the
Gage low-rise residence is partially inaccessible because of
heavy doors, inadequate
washroom facilities and
wheelchair ramps.
The Gage Towers are the most
accessible residences, but have
sunken and raised areas which are
hazards to wheelchairs.
Parking lots, especially B lot and
C lot, are inaccessible because
they have gravel surfaces, many
curbs and are far away from most
campus buildings. However, A lot
has an accessible paved surface
with some curbs and hills.
The survey said' International
House and the Old Auditorium
have stairs and inaccessible
washrooms. International House is
also too far from parking lots, the
survey said.
It added the education huts lack
washroom facilities for people
confined to wheelchairs, and have
See page 23:  SURVEY
JK   Jfc. ... 	
—deryl mogg photo
"MAYBE I SHOULD HAVE used a curling iron . . . oh, well, it's too late now. Anyway, what would all those
people watching me think?" Products of candlemaker's labor are sold in co-op bookstore.
Exam jitters less severe nowadays
Exams don't have a widespread effect on the
health of UBC students.
Or so says Dr. A. M. Johnson, director of
UBC's student health services.
' 'We get fewer cases of exam jitters now than
we did in past years," he said in an interview
Thursday. "When they raised the entrance
requirements eight or nine years ago from 60
per cent to 65, they eliminated a lot of borderline students.
"With the improvement in the quality of
students, there seems to have been a decrease
in the number of people who panic at exam
time." And those people who do get the jitters
have milder symptoms.
"They have trouble sleeping before the
exams. Also, people report loss of appetite and
vomiting," he said.
"But we don't get any of the trembling
wrecks that were common a few years ago. I
find this very reassuring. Students seem to be
able to handle things better."
He said there is no increase in students with
mental problems either.
"Our psychiatrists mostly see people with
adjustment problems. This includes things like
broken romances, first time away from home
and not being able to cope, that sort of thing.
"We don't see many really serious mental
disorders. And there is no increase brought on
by exams in people seeing psychiatrists.
"People have a knack of being able to produce
when under pressure from exams and
deadlines. A little anxiety can be a good thing.
"We don't really know why this is happening.
Student enrolment isn't decreasing, but our
admissions rate is," Johnson said.
"I think this might be attributable to several
things. First, students are looking after
themselves better. They are coming in to see us
earlier, before things get serious. And students
are a lot more independent. They'd rather get
well on their own."
There has been a definite change in students'
attitudes towards taking medications, Johnson
"Before, they would -take whatever was
prescribed; but now they ask why you're
prescribing it. I think this is good. People ought
to be asking questions like this."
Students' ailments can be divided into three
main areas, according to Johnson. These are
sex related problems, including advice on birth
control, venereal disease and other infections,
athletic injuries and everything else.
"The most common problem falling into this
last category is upper respiratory infections, in
other words, colds, flu, sore throats and so on,"
Johnson said.
To stay fit, students are advised to "get lots
of sleep and eat properly. And get lots of
"I'm convinced that lack of exercise contributes more than anything else to lethargy.
Students don't use athletic facilities enough."
Johnson, who himself cycles six miles to
See page 21:  EXAM
determining how much money the
universities will receive, is
exerting influence on their future
development. The Universities Act
says that the council shall examine
plans for short and long term
development of the universities. It
is also to consider matters relating
to student aid and fees. It seems
that if the council is in any way
determining the future of post-
secondary education in this
province, there should be a healthy
input of ideas, and it is
questionable whether this will be
the case with the present council.
The council members are
probably not incompetent, or insincere regarding their positions
but McGeer has been very careful
for the most part to choose council
members who are sympathetic to
his government's attitude toward
Maybe this is a naive statement.
Obviously   the   government   in
power will choose the people to
occupy important positions, in the
Seepage 21: POLITICS
We'll take
says SFU
Canadian University Press
Simon Fraser University senate
Monday accepted tentative and
partial responsibility for the
development of post-secondary
education in the B.C. Interior.
But the list of strings attached to
its hesitant response to the
Winegard commission report
received more attention than any
definite program of education
The biggest string, and the one
most likely to be cause for concern
before the Interior's education
needs receive SFU's undivided
attention, is money.
The Winegard commission
recommended in early September
that a university college affiliated
with SFU be set up with campuses
in Prince George, Kelowna,
Kamloops and Nelson and
headquarters in Vernon. The
proposed institution would become
independent by 1990.
However, the SFU senate, which
was given until the end of the year
to accept or reject the proposal,
indicated in its motion of acceptance in principle, that the
university will not lift a finger until
the government makes some solid
financial commitments.
The motion says SFU is
"prepared to appoint a director
and appropriate staff to develop
specific plans by December, 1977,
provided that funds for such
development will be made
available by the government."
The motion doesn't mention the
question of money just once: "Any
program implementation by SFU
would require prior approval by
the university senate and board of
governors, together with
assurance of an appropriate level
of funding."
The motion passed was one of
five presented to senate. The five
ran the gamut from total acceptance of the Winegard commission to total rejection.
Education minister Pat McGeer
has said that if SFU rejected the
Winegard commission, the institution would be set up independently.
SFU's lack of enthusiasm for
total acceptance of the commission
was indicated by English department chairman Peter Buitenhius,
a member of the commission's
advisory panel, who criticized the
report as hasty. Page 4
Friday, December 3, 1976
No tuition,
no barriers
From the sounds of
administration president Doug
Kenny's whimperings and the
ravings of education minister Pat
McGeer, it is increasingly clear that •
tuition fees will be increased at UBC
and probably everywhere else in B.C.
by next September.
We don't like the idea of tuition
fee increases. And we have reasons —
the main one being that we don't like
the idea of tuition fees in the first
It's not for the simple, parochial
reason that we can't afford them;
obviously we can scrape through
somehow because we're here, right
now, at university.
But there are lots of other people
in Vancouver and the rest of the
province who aren't at UBC and
won't ever be. Tuition fees are one
reason, although not the main one,
why those people aren't here.
Tuition fees provide a barrier to
post-secondary education. And there
shouldn't be barriers — especially not
financial barriers — in anyone's way
to university.
But more than tuition fees, the
main obstacle in the way of many
people who want to attend university
is the income they would forego
while they get an education,
Don't scoff — there are lots of
people in that position. For all that
Canadian society is middle class, even
the federal government's figures say
that about 25 per cent of Canadians
live at or near the poverty level.
Those people can't afford to take
the time out to go to university and
lose money they could otherwise be
Income, or lack of it, does not
determine intelligence. Neither
should it determine whether a person
attends a post-secondary institution.
Therefore, there should not only
be an end to tuition fees, there
should be a much more widespread
and accessible student aid program to
provide some of the money people
need to meet other costs at
The whole point of eliminating
tuition fees and increasing student
aid is to make post-secondary
education more accessible. The
government must some day
understand that education, like other
social services, is not something that
is to be forced to pay its own way.
The government must also realize
that everyone benefits by having post
secondary institutions available.
Universities and colleges are not an
end in themselves, where people pay
in a certain amount of money and
eventually come out with particular
knowledge  that  is only of use to
The benefits are enormous —
everyone benefits when there is a
well-educated public. And there are
other, more specific benefits.
Corporations are the biggest
benefactors when people are highly
trained to fill particular jobs — those
people keep various sectors of the
economy going.
Post-secondary education is not
everyone's ambition in life — but
anyone who wants to should be able
to attend.
And by raising tuition fees, the
government is simply taking
additional steps to prevent that. It is
also revealing its, for lack of a better
word, philosophy toward education
— that it must not operate at the
expense of any other programs, and
preferably should make a profit like
many other government programs.
And by not fighting terribly hard
against tuition fee increases, the
university — its administrators,
professors and students — is also
making clear its philosophy toward
post-secondary education. That is,
that so-called higher education has
long been the privilege of the middle
and upper classes.
The university may put up some
sort of feeble struggle against fee
increases, but as long as the status
quo and the role of the university as
the preserve of those classes don't
change, fees are only a minor bother.
It's not good enough. If people
are serious about education, if they
are convinced that education is more
than the privilege of a relative few,
then they have to be against any sort
of tuition increases. And they should
also oppose the whole principle of
tuition fees.
Where should the money come
from, then? The same place money
comes from for health and the other
social services we enjoy — from the
taxes we all pay.
The government recognizes this
now, although not explicitly. The
fees that students pay total about 10
per cent of the university's operating
budget. By providing the rest of the
money, governments both federal
and provincial, are in effect
recognizing their obligation to pay
some of the cost of education.
Though the fees students pay
constitute a relatively small part of
the university's budget, they can be a
major burden to individuals. The
government and the university must
realize this, and do everything they
can to ease the burden. That means
eliminating tuition fees and
expanding student aid.
DECEMBER 3, 1976
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the
Alma Mater Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff
and not of the AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The
Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial
departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
Anyone strolling on the promenade deck of the S.S. Ubyssey that sultry afternoon would
have thought he was surrounded by the cream of the cream of both sides of the Atlantic (or the
creme de la creme, as the French so foppishly put it). Writers, actors, political leaders — the
Ubyssey calmly bore her cargo of genius as though she were quite literally a ship of state. "
At least one passenger on that deck knew better. Merrilee Robson opened her journal,
selected a mauve crayon, and wrote, "This is a ship of tools."
"And what are you, a hammer or a nail?" asked a sardonic voice behind her. She whirled and
 Continued on page 19
Cjlo u-rff
In the true spirit of Christmas
giving, The Ubyssey, without further
ado, launches into its 1976 gift list.
To Doug Kenny, cash now for
his income tax return.
To Jack Volrich, a personality.
To Nathan Davidowicz, a one-way
ticket on a mystery bus.
To Rick Murray, observer status
on the high school council of his
To Al Hutchinson, a tin badge
and little plastic whistle.
To Jean Blandford, a scholarship
to John Birch University.
To Bob Salkeld, a recording of
Call Me Irresponsible.
To Pat McGeer, a Liberal
education, a 30 per cent rebate on
his term in office and a walk down
memory lane.
To Moe Sihota, his name in the
paper. That was it.
To Bill Vander Zalm, a bilingual
shovel and a renewed membership in
the Surrey Political Action
To Erich Vogt, an appointment
with hairstylist Vidal Sassoon.
To Ed McKitka, a Linda Lovelace
coloring book, with instructions, so
he can begin a library.
To Rene Levesque, a recording of
Breaking Up Is Hard To Do.
To Doug Collins, a lifetime supply
of curried haggis.
To Stuart Keate, a senate seat and
a politically independent newspaper.
To Idi Amin, editorship of the
Sun's page six.
To the Vancouver Canucks,
earthquakes, in New York, Montreal,
Boston, Chicago, Detroit, St. Louis,
Philadelphia and Los Angeles to
match the disaster at the Coliseum.
To Bill Bennett, the courage to
grow a beard.
To Malcolm McGregor, Deep
Throat with Greek subtitles.
To George Woodcock, readers.
To Ubyssey readers, easy exams,
flexible deadlines and no more issues
of The Ubyssey until January. Friday, December 3, 1976
Page 5
Tuition fees vs. admin raises
If they don't want the $2,400 raise, why
don't they give it back?
Statements about sharing the student's
concern and the odd letter to the government are all very well but when are we
going to see some action on our behalf?
I don't want a raise either but are they
going to placidly announce the fee increase
at the last minute after hemming and
hawing good intentions all year?
When the board of governors talks about
"showing its appreciation for all they've
done" or "rewarding good performance"
(what education minister Pat McGeer
would undoubtedly call keeping the rats
conditioned) what is it really talking about?
— rewarding an administration that
demands that we pay more out of the
meagre survival we eke out, earned during
the summer, so that they can increase the
number of cars, yachts, summer cottages
they own? Most of the students I know live
on $2,400a year, including fees! What merits
. reward?
When the administration says ominously
that we won't have money for "expanding
facilities," what does that mean? Does it
assume that this place must go on taking on
more students so more profs can have jobs
or more administration VIPs can fatten
their pocket books? Does this place exist
solely for the purpose of creating jobs? —
making itself economically profitable? —
the bigger the better? What about the
If administration president Doug Kenny
and others care about the student,  they
won't take the raise. If they care about the
university as a knowledge-sharing community they won't take the raise.
But listen carefully to what Kenny says.
In one breath he talks about sharing the
students' concern; in the next he talks about
the undesirability of "high accessibility to
low quality education."
Clearly he suggests that with higher fees
the quality of education will also be higher
— presumably because with more money we
would be able to buy fancier equipment and
fancier profs who had to pay more money
for their educations.
But is fancy equipment and fancy letters
behind his name going to ensure that his
lectures won't be boring, that he'll listen to
you and help you with the things you're
interested in? Is it going to guarantee that
he will be interested enough in the quality of
his teaching and communication with his
students    to    do    more    than    sacrifice
everything to the publishing competition for
The answer is an emphatic NO! Quality in
education is not bought and sold! Only an
elite group of millionaires (the sons and
daughters of Bennett and Co.) will be able to
afford an education. So much for most of us
who live on $2,400 a year. Does the exclusion
of the people who want to learn improve the
quality of this community?
By refusing to "get involved in political
crossfire" Kenny tacitly admits that he
supports a government which regards a
university as something valuable only so
long as it constitutes a system for people to
make money.
I want a university which is a co-operative
search for understanding, not one where the
student is a victim of a self-serving, status-
seeking minority. If Kenny and his vice-
presidents really did something toward
making this place a community of shared
learning wouldn't that be reward enough?
Why is it that the board can only think in
terms of money?
But surely these problems are bad enough
without making them worse by limiting our
power to change or control things. In any
other part of the country the vote to support
the B.C. Students Federation and the
National Union of Students would have
made us members.
We are the largest student body in B.C.,
but because of our own silly constitution we
cut ourselves off from BCSF, one of the few
paths of action for us against university
How can we expect the administration to
take-us seriously when we allow this to
I'm sure precisely the reason why we had
a record high voter turnout is that a lot of
students are concerned about fee increases
and they want to do something about it.
I don't think anyone's more concerned
about women's sports than they are about
how much they'll be paying next year. But
the constitution effectively eliminates
student participation in these issues because
the majority vote is not regarded as valid
unless it reaches a certain percentage.
Anywhere else the majority rules, regardless.
If you want to reduce apathy on this
campus make the participation count for
something. I call for an all out effort to get
this state of affairs changed.
Furthermore, we are in fact, as members
of the Alma Mater Society, a union! So what
can we do about acting like one? — i.e.
protecting our rights. What if every student
simply refused to pay tuition above and
beyond the fees as they stand this year?
Where would those who make.their money
off our backs, while ignoring our interests,
be then?
If we let the fees go up, the first thing that
will happen is that the enrolment will go
down and then guess what — the fees will go
up again!
And I suppose Kenny and others will
accept another raise, against their wishes.
When is it going to stop? Who are they trying
to fool that this is an answer to inflation? Do
we need to remind ourselves again that most
of us live on $2,400 now?
I am writing you to protest in the
strongest possible terms the yellow
journalism practised by your
Pango Pango correspondent.
lam referring to your scurrilous
report in Tuesday's paper of my
election as mayor of Scurvy. First,
I did not receive a $10,000 contribution for my campaign. It was
only $9,800.
Second, I did not enter politics
after reading a magazine advertisement. It was a secret phone
call that caused me to toss my
enormous hat into the ring. I also
protest the unkind characterization of me provided by your alleged
But the Scurvy Political Action
Movement will go ahead with its
program. SPAM is pledged to meat
our growing problems, open up our
bureaucracy, put the lid on
spending and spread wealth
throughout Scurvy.
I also pledge to keep my foot
wedged firmly in my mouth, like
my predecessors.
Lovely SPAM, wonderful SPAM!
Thank you.
E. Rotundo
Scurvy politics 2
We were very interested in your
article of Nov. 26 on the widely
supported Gordon Shrum Convention Centre. We are always
concerned about the public interest
in such projects.
To this date the construction
schedule has not been established
nor, to our knowledge, has a client
been identified.
We do appreciate your efforts on
our behalf although your design
does not appear to be too well
thought out at this stage of
Milton Gardner
Arthur Erickson Architects
Differential fees difficult to defend
I think it's pretty hard to defend differential fees
for foreign and out-of-province students.
Taxpayers in other provinces support universities
that B.C. residents attend without having to pay
differential fees.
Also, there is a great deal of federal funding in
this university. A great deal of research money
comes from the federal government.
Since research is one of the main reasons this
university exists in its present form; that is in itself
justification for not discriminating against out-of-
province students.
Foreign students are a slightly different case in
that their governments do not subsidize our
However, many countries do subsidize foreign
students to greater or lesser degrees, and some of
these foreign students are Canadian. We should
return this courtesy.
More important man these financial arguments,
though, are the advantages of being exposed to new
ideas through these foreign students. I think this in
itself is worth the relatively small price we pay.
Bill Hepler
science 4
Foreign students aid knowledge swap
I would like to express my
gratitude to Steve Pocock for his
warmest sympathy (Ubyssey
letters, Tuesday).
I think 111 pass on the flowers
and the condolence visit.
Steve, you mentioned education
is a privilege. Isn't it more of a
necessity? As to where, how and
how far, that's more the privilege.
As to my privileges here, I'd like
to reassure you I'm completely
aware of the fact I'm a burden
But not only Canadian taxpayers
are burdened with foreign
Taxpayers in Holland, Germany,
France and other countries also
fall in the same category. It's sort
of a balanced system.
The result is that every country
has the possibility of obtaining a
broader foundation of knowledge to
build on and all because there
exists the possibility of exchanging
Take a look at your own UBC.
How many foreign professors do
you have here trying to upgrade
certain fields of study? I'd consider
it a disadvantage not only for me
but also for Canadians if somebody
tried to swing the balance to one
Not very many people here have
the possibility to study in the
States, because of their differential
Certainly inflation can't be
avoided. However, the scaling
must be reasonable. In my
example of Holland, there was
more behind the matter.
You dismissed the rise in rates
there as inflationary, but look past
your nose, Steve. The facts behind
it was a shift of funds from
education to defence for the transaction of 400 new lighter jets and
600 new Leopard tanks.
As I mentioned before, I came
here to specialize in a certain field
because my university was very
immature in this study.
UEL hoax
Regarding The Ubyssey article
Nov. 26 concerning the $100 million
development project on the
University Endowment Lands, my
first reaction was both rage and
horror, since I am cynic enough to
believe that such a project could
well be implemented by a Socred
However, further reading
strained my credulity. I found it
hard to believe that a poet could be
guilty of such insensitivity as was
ascribed to George Woodcock, or
that the president of a university
could really have made so crass a
statement for publication as that
attributed to Doug Kenny.
The so-called design by Arthur
Erickson was also hard to swallow,
although he's probably capable of
such a monstrosity.
Your hoax was cruel and clever
but carried just that bit too far to
be believable.
I do think you should publish a
retraction though, in case the
impression is left, not that your
readers saw through the hoax and
ignored it, but that we don't care
about what happens to the
University Endowment Lands.
Esmee Graham
administrative assistant,
And as a guest here, I must
certainly abide by the rules of my
host. I'm just trying to point out
how senseless it is to raise new
barriers in the quest for general or
specialized knowledge and worsening the bureaucracy.
What I meant by more appropriate effort are for instance
some of the suggestions made by
arts representative Dave Jiles.
So don't worry. I really appreciate the fact that Canadian
taxpayers are contributing to my
education here. My old man is one
of them — he lives in Toronto. But
that's another story.
I would have thought that you,
being in education, would be a bit
more liberal in broadening the
horizons of knowledge. Maybe that
is why I partially disagree with
Jeremy Ralph
geology 3
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
typed. Pen names will be used
when the writer's real name is also
included for our information in the
letter and when valid reasons for
anonymity are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241K.
Foreign fee
hikes favored
All I have read lately are
criticisms concerning Joan
Blandford's senate motion
proposing higher fees for foreign
and out-of-province students.
Moe Sihota, Alma Mater Society
external affairs officer, has said
people who have agreed with her
have changed their minds after
they have been given some concrete facts — what are these facts?
I am in favor o.f Blandford's
It is a privilege to go to a
university out of your province,
state or country.
If I wanted to go the United
States to get a degree in a program
not offered at UBC (interior
design, marine arch.) I would be
required to pay over $2,000 for my
tuition alone, as I am not only out-
of-state but from Canada.
Therefore, this idea is not a new
one and who is to say it is not a
good one?
Barbara Andrews
recreation 3
Limit fees
Suppose .that one day you're
reading the Sun or the Province
and you read about Company X,
which has 20,000 employees.
These employees want a wage
increase of 50 per cent per annum,
and it looks like they're going to get
"Insanity," you scream, "this is
what's causing inflation." Your
next screech might be: "Where's
the * * *  Anti-Inflation Board?"
Well, we here at UBC have an
analogous situation with our tuition
Sure, the cash flow is in the
opposite direction from Company
X's situation, but inflation doesn't
make that distinction.
The university may escape AIB
legislation because it is more of an
employer than an employee, but
AIB guidelines should still be
I feel that UBC tuition fees
should be limited to 10 per cent
increase per annum that the AIB
Alan Doman
science 1 Page 6
Friday, December 3, 1976
So you know the law?
Did you know that everyone is exactly and
entirely equal before the law?
That you can't phone your lawyer until the
police are through questioning you?
That the police must tell you "anything
you say may be used against you at your
trial" before they question you?
That you are entitled to one phone call
after you are arrested?
That a witness can refuse to testify, or to
choose which questions he/she will answer,
or to take the Fifth Amendment?
Lots of people "know" all those "facts" —
and they're wrong.
The Manitoba Legal Aid society has
prepared a paper listing these, and other,
common misconceptions about how the law
works. Here are 25 of the more common
mistakes about Canadian law — and the real
truth about them.
Mistake: In Canada, criminal offences
are classified as felonies (more serious) and
Fact: These are terms used in the United
States. The words in Canada are indictable
(more serious) offences, and summary (less
serious) offences. Some offences can be
indictable or summary conviction, at the
choice of the Crown.
Mistake: People who choose to remain
silent when questioned about a crime, must
be guilty of something.
The Law says that a person accused of a
crime has the right to remain silent. This
rule was developed not to protect the guilty,
but partly to stop abusive questioning
procedures which have taken place from
time to time to force people to confess to
things they may or may not have done.
The rule also recognizes that words can be
given different meanings and that a person
asking questions — with the object of
proving what that person thinks must be the
truth — can twist facts and completely
confuse the person being questioned.
People who are questioned long enough or
who are put under enough pressure, may
break down and confess to most anything —
including (maybe) the truth.
The right to remain silent includes, of
course, people who are not charged with an
offence. In most situations, a person need
not talk to the police if the person doesn't
careto. Obviously, the police couldn't do the
work we ask them to do, and society would
be the worse off if people didn't co-operate
with the police.
There are times when it is best not to
remain silent. For example, a person who
has an alibi defence is usually better off to
make it known as soon as possible.
Mistake: Criminal law is 50 per cent of all
the law.
Fact: The law is often divided for con
venience into criminal law and civil (noncriminal) law, but they are not equal in size.
Civil law involves dozens of different kinds
of law like tax law, prison law, real property
law, welfare law, transportation law,
juvenile law and so on.
Criminal law gets more publicity than the
rest of the law, but it is only one small part
of the law.
Mistake: If a person is robbed or
assaulted or is a victim of any crime, he or
she can drop the charges at any time.
The Law considers crimes to be against
all of society and not just against the individual victim. It is usually not a victim's
choice as to whether a charge should be laid
to whether a trial should take place.
A victim can influence a particular case:
the person may not report the crime or may
not fully cooperate with the police. But once
a crime is under police investigation, it isn't
often that the victim is given the chance to
make decisions about what should be done
about it.
Mistake: All people released on bail must
deposit hundreds or even thousands of
dollars at court.
The Law: It is true that some people are
required to deposit money before they are
released. But most people are released from
jail simply by signing a promise (the legal
word is recognizance) to go back to court
when their cases come up. The recognizance
may include a promise to pay a certain
amount of money if the person does not go to
court when he or she is supposed to.
For example, you will often hear a judge
in court say that a person can be released
"on his own recognizance of $1,000." The
$1,000 is not paid to court and never will
have to be if the person returns to court and
lives by any other conditions set by the
judge — such as staying away from a certain place or abstaining from drinking
Bail is not usually necessary. Accused
persons can be released from custody on a
simple promise to be in court when
Mistake: Everyone is exactly and entirely
equal before the criminal law.
Fact: Many comments have been made
by various people that while everyone is
subject to the criminal law, it tends to be
lower income people who are involved with
it, and that they are less likely than upper
income people to know their legal rights and
to be able to exercise them.
. For example, a high income person is
more likely than a low income person to
know the name of a lawyer, to insist on
calling a lawyer, to remain silent or to be
able to explain a situation to the police, to
make a good appearance in court, to testify
articulately and to be believed and to
receive a moderate sentence. One person
expressed it briefly: "When an upper income person is involved with the criminal
law, his advantages begin to multiply. When
a low income person is involved with the
criminal law, his disadvantages begin to
Mistake: All persons charged with an
offence have a trial and most trials are jury
Fact: Television programs and movies
create this impression, but it is not an accurate picture of what really happens. Most
people charged with criminal offences plead
guilty, so that no trial is necessary. (The
purpose of a trial is to decide guilt or innocence. If the accused person admits guilt,
there is no need for a trial.) No more than 10
per cent of all accused people plead "not
guilty" and only a few of them choose trial
by jury.
Jury trials can be chosen only in some
indictable (more serious) matters. Jury
trials are not available on all offences.
Mistake: All criminal cases must receive
publicity in newspapers.
Fact:  There is very little law on the
People who are questioned long
enough or who are put under pressure,
may break down and confess to almost
anything — including (maybe) the
subject of publicity. However, it is clear that
newspapers and other media are able to
print at least the names of accused persons
at any stage of a criminal matter.
There is no law that newspapers must
publish any names. The numbers which
actually appear in a newspaper depends on
such things as the space available in the
paper and the number of reporters at the
Mistake: No one thinks of the victim. The
accused person has all the rights.
Fact: It is true that victims of crime often
are not fully compensated for their injuries
or loss. Perhaps the injury just cannot be
fully corrected or the criminal is not worth
suing because he or she has nothing or
restitution of damaged property isn't
• But victims do have rights. In some parts
of Canada, crime victims can apply for
compensation for losses as a result of a
And victims of crime may sue the persons
who cause them injury or loss. All victims
should obtain legal advice about this and
other possible actions they might take.
There is a lot of discussion going on now
about how criminals might be able to help
their victims or somehow correct what has
been done, rather than the law simply
putting the criminal in jail or making him or
her pay a fine.
Mistake: A witness can refuse to give
evidence in court. A witness can decide
which questions he or she will answer. A
witness can plead the Fifth Amendment. A
witness can refuse to name people who may
have committed a crime.
Fact: The Fifth Amendment is U.S. law,
not Canadian. That law allows a person to
refuse to give evidence which might incriminate himself or herself.
In Canada, witness must answer all
questions asked in court. If he or she refuses
to do so, the judge may find the person in Friday, December 3, 1976
Page 7
•••well, don't bet on it
contempt of court and order the person put
in jail — perhaps until the person decides to
answer the question.
If the person's evidence may incriminate
him or her, the person may ask for the
protection of the Canada Evidence Act. That
law says that any person given the
protection of the Act cannot have the
evidence used against him or her in a later
criminal case (except on a charge of perjury).
Mistake: You tell how good a criminal
lawyer is solely by the number of cases he or
she wins and loses.
Fact: If you think along the lines of most
television programs and you define a "win"
only by a not guilty decision, then you won't
find any criminal lawyers who are any
good! Over 90 per cent of people accused of a
crime end up being convicted, either
because they plead guilty, or because they
are found guilty after a trial.
A criminal lawyer's job is to represent
clients to the best of his or her ability, given
the facts of each case. More often than not,
the lawyer is trying to make the best of a
bad situation, and a conviction for manslaughter may be a "win," because the
original charge was murder. Or a client
sentenced to one year in prison may be
thankful that it wasn't two years, and the
lawyer may regard this as the best that
could have been done for the client.
In judging the skill of a criminal lawyer,
there is more involved than just adding up
convictions and acquittals.
Mistake: A lawyer is not necessary if a
person knows he or she is guilty and wants to
plead guilty.
Fact: Everybody is entitled to consult a
lawyer and everyone should consult a
lawyer to be sure of what the law is, and to
find out what can happen if he or she pleads
guilty or is found guilty after a trial.
Lawyers can advise accused persons of
whether they have a defense, and of what
facts about the person should be mentioned
in court.
Mistake: People who feel guilty often are
not allowed by their lawyers to plead guilty.
Fact: A lawyer's job is to take instructions, not to give them. If a person
wants to plead guilty, it is his or her
privilege to do so — and to instruct the
lawyer that way. If the lawyer is unable to
accept the instructions or if the client is not
able to accept the advice of the lawyer,
either one of them may decide to end their
relationship: the lawyer may refuse to act
or the client may seek another lawyer.
People sometimes confuse moral guilt
with legal guilt. An accused person may feel
guilty about the event which resulted in a
criminal charge, but the person may not be
law to want to get it over with as soon as
possible. This feeling is understandable, but
it is not wise to make final decisions in such
a state of mind.
Every person is entitled in law to obtain
the advice of a lawyer and it is wise to do so
as soon as possible if a person is charged or
is liable to be charged. Advice should be
obtained no matter how hopeless the
situation may seem to be.
Mistake: A person should not plead guilty
if there were good reasons why he or she
broke the law.
Fact: A person accused of a crime should
obtain the adviceof a lawyer. Lawyers often
find that people confuse the question of guilt
or  innocence  with   the  question  of  sen-
Over 90 per cent of people accused
of a crime end up being convicted,
either because they plead guilty, or
because they are found guilty after a
guilty in law. For example: a person may
feel guilty about having been with someone
who robbed another person. But the law
says a person is not necessarily guilty just
because he or she is present when a crime is
One of a lawyer's duties to a client is to
explain the law — and sometimes that includes explaining the difference between
moral and legal guilt.
Mistake: Judges, police and lawyers are
"above the law." They can do things that
other people can't do and get away with it.
Fact: Everyone is subject to the law. A
person cannot commit a criminal offence,
such as assault or fraud, and get away with
it just because of his or her occupation.
All judges, police and lawyers are accountable to other people (like other judges,
police and lawyers!) just like everyone else
in our society.
Mistake: Being arrested and questioned
by the police is such an unpleasant experience that it is always best to go to court
and plead guilty as soon as possible in order
to avoid more unpleasantness.
Fact: For most people it is an embarrassing and fearful thing to be arrested
by the police (especially if it is at one's own
home) and it is often the desire of people
who have been charged with breaking the
tencing. A person may have excellent
reasons for having done something, but
those reasons are in most (not all) cases
separate from the laws first concern: is the
person guilty or innocent of what he or she is
accused? If the thing was done, then the law
considers the reasons.
For example, a drunk person drives his
car in order to get someone to a hospital in
an emergency situation. He may very well
be found guilty of impaired driving (if he
were charged in the first place) but his
reason for doing it might result in a very
moderate sentence.
The explanation for breaking a law is
usually called a mitigating circumstance.
Mistake: Any person charged with
breaking the law is fingerprinted and
Fact: The Identification of Criminals Act
of Canada says that a person accused (not
convicted) or an indictable (more serious)
criminal offence under the Criminal Code
can be fingerprinted and photographed.
Persons charged with summary convictions
(less serious) offensives under the Criminal
Code or under other laws cannot be
fingerprinted or photographed unless they
agree to it.
Mistake: The law does not allow a person
to be discriminated against because of a
criminal record— especially if the record is
made up of minor matters.
Fact: There are laws forbidding
discrimination based on race, sex, religion
and so on. But there is no law forbidding
discrimination based on a criminal record.
For example, a person can get a job or be
able to rent a house despite having a
criminal record.
A criminal record can be erased by the
granting of a pardon. The pardon must be
applied for by the person with a record.
Mistake: When the police say "you'll have
to come with me," you have no choice but to
The Law says, in effect, that the police
cannot insist on a person going with them
unless the person is under arrest. The
person has the right to be told that he or she
is under arrest and (where the reason isn't
obvious) the reason why.
Mistake: Every person arrested by the
police is entitled to one telephone call.
Fact: Whether or not a person in police
custody is allpwed a telephone call is pretty
well up to the police. There is no law
requiring it.
In breathalyzer cases, there are court
decisions which have established that a
person can call a lawyer for advice before
blowing into the machine. But a request to
make the call must be made to the police by
the person. If the call is not then allowed, the
person has a lawful excuse for refusing the
test. But if the call is requested and refused
and the test then taken, the results can be
used in court.
Mistake: Statements made to the police
cannot be used in court unless the
statements are written down and signed.
Fact: Any statement made to the police
whether spoken or written down — and
whether signed or not — may be used in
court at a later time, if the judge is satisfied
the statement was made voluntarily.
Mistake: Every person from whom the
police wish to take a statement must be
given the "police warning" or "caution":
"You do not have to make a statement, but
anything you say may be taken down in
writing and used at your trial."
Fact: There is no law in Canada requiring
that the caution be given, but courts have
often said it is preferable that the warning
be given to help make sure any statement
given to the police is voluntary.
Mistake: If people are accused by the
police or charged with breaking the law, the
people must be guilty. Innocent people are
not charged.
Fact: Police, lawyers and judges each
have a particular job to do. One of the jobs of
the police is to investigate possible crimes
and to lay charges. Though they are entitled
to their own opinions, the job of the police is
not to decide whether people are guilty
(that's the judge's job) or to advise people
whether to plead guilty (that's the lawyer's
In our criminal law, a person is presumed
innocent until proven guilty. The laying of a
charge by the police is not, by itself, proof of
guilt. The question of guilt or innocence is
for the courts to decide.
Mistake: All questioning done by the
police must be done at police headquarters.
Fact: There is no law requiring the police
to do all questioning at a place of their
choosing, but that's often the way it happens. It is said to be more convenient for the
police to take suspects and witnesses to a
police station for questioning. Of course
there is a psychological advantage in having
a person in one's own territory.
Mistake: The police have the right to
refuse to allow a person to consult his
lawyer until after they have finished
questioning him.
Fact: A person has a legal right to the
assistance and advice of counsel at the
earliest possible opportunity. If the police
refuse to allow the person to speak to his
lawyer, that person is entitled to refuse to
say anything at all until he has been afforded the opportunity of speaking with a
This article originally appeared in slightly
different form in the November issue of
Manitoba High, a high school newspaper. Page 8
Friday, December 3, 1976
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"The Finest For Less" Page Friday
reads Canadian Literature inside can lit
Little mags showcase poets
It is easy to fall into a low opinion
of current Canadian writing by
looking solely at the little
magazines which proliferate in the
country. There is a great deal of
bad writing, and the mere abundance of the magazines is enough
to turn anybody away.
But for the few writers that shine
out of the occasional page it is
worth wading through the bogs of
bad material. The magazines
serve mostly as a showcase for
new poetry. Virtually none is
published outside of Canada or
outside the little magazines.
The little magazines, however,
do more than providing a
barometer for the current state of
Canadian writing. It is perhaps
more important that they serve as
a stepping stone for the apprentice
poet. Usually he has little chance of
publishing a book until he can
claim at least 14 little magazine
During the process of going
through the little magazines, the
apprentice is often given invaluable feedback by his editors.
The free manner of criticism they
offer and the casual exchange of
letters indicate to the writer how
good or bad his material is. He
hopes to be accepted, and if he is,
he has a forum to hear his voice
and judge if he is capable of the
title of 'poet'.
The little magazines have
unusual names: Pugn, Empty
Belly, Titmouse, Tarpaper, and
Pulp to name a few. There are too
many around Vancouver alone to
list them all.
They vary in quality and format
from offset broadsheets to high
quality glossy paged quarterly
type journals. They can usually be
found in dark corners of
questionable bookstores and even
in the more respectable ones like
The little magazine first appeared in the mid 1920's in Canada
when book publishers were paying
little or no attention to poetry. A
group of struggling poets consisting of names like A.J.M. Smith,
F. R. Scott and A. M. Klein formed
the McGill Fortnightly Review.
They published not only their own
poetry but other important voices
that are highly regarded today. It
was a bi-weekly journal that lasted
two years from 1925-1927.
Others followed, but the next
important publications were
Preview and First Statement
which published these same poets
and introduced other names such
as Patrick Anderson, Ann Marriot,
P. K. Page and Fat Irving Layton.
The early magazines shared a
common bondage to the expression
of social concern in the modern
Canadian society. Politics and
social attitudes were common
subjects, and this traditional attachment to the themes brought
about a low quality of poetry.
However the techniques used here
particularly by Layton, brought
about a fusion of lyricism and
intense imagery, affecting perhaps
much of the course of poetry to
It is only in the last twenty years
or so that the number of little
magazines has exploded. Perhaps
the emergence of a stronger
counter-culture in the mid fifties
brought this about. Magazines
passed in and out of existence due
to either a shortage of funds, lack
of poetry or simple laziness on the
part of the editors. There were
always the same names from
publication to publication.
There are many little magazines
today — seemingly enough for any
would-be poet to be published. But
it is not as easy to get published as
it seems.
The little magazines usually
consist of a somewhat incestuous
group of frustrated writers who
spend their   time   in   basements
discussing poetry, or in smoky
bars conspiring with jugs of beer.
The secret is to find an entry into
one of these groups who are willing
to discuss other poetry than their
Echo mazagine is a fine example
of this kind of set-up. Based in
Vancouver they are a large group
of rather eccentric poets who meet
regularly to discuss their work.
Each session is topped off with an
exodus to the infamous Austin
Motor Hotel for a few hours of beer
guzzling orgies.
Echo is one of the few little
magazines that does not rely on
financial assistance from the
government. It stays alive solely
on contributions and subscriptions.
It solicits poetry in the form of a
contest. Contributors of poems
must pay an entrance fee of fifty
cents per poem. Ten poems are
chosen for the prizes, which range
anywhere from one hundred,
dollars to five dollars, depending
on how much money is lying
The magazine is edited by Hank
Johnsen and it sports a staff in
cluding PF staffers Ted Collins and
Eric Ivan Berg. The poetry is
largely mediocre, but worth
reading for the few bright spots.
Then there are the university
publications like Quarry, Evenfr,
■HE 1S1
b cho;
bill bissett
George McWhirter
Eric Ivan Berg
Karl Sandor
Tamarack Review, Malahat
Review, and UBC's own Prism
International. These cannot really
be called little magazines due to
their elaborate production and
larger size.
Being funded by the universities
and the Canada Council, they are
consistently well edited and have
good international reputations.
Because of their large funding,
they have been able to establish a
continuity of readership and
Poetry seems to be the main
focus of the little magazines, but a
fair amount of short fiction appears as well. Short Stories appear
more often in the university
publications. Perhaps the best
journal for this medium is the
Vancouver based Canadian Fiction
Edited by Geoff Hancock, it
relies totally on Canada Council
funding and subscriptions, but
maintains a high level of quality. It
publishes short stories or excerpts
from larger works as well as other
subjects related to literature.
There is also a section devoted to
graphics and photography each
time it publishes.
The quality of CFM's material
varies, but usually it is superior
fiction. In the latest edition, for
instance, there are two excellent
pieces by Jacques Ferron, and
Jean-Guy Carrier, two of Quebec's
top writers. But in the same issue
there is an irrelevant piece of
pedanticism by George Woodcock
called Don Quixote's Dilemma, or
The Future of Fiction. Woodcock
has ample space to shoot his
academic mouth off in his own
publication, Canadian Literature,
let alone a more interesting
quarterly with more impressive
The unfortunate thing about little
magazines is that they are not
readily available to the public.
There are several places to track
them down. The UBC Main Library
has periodical references of back
issues and mailing addresses.
Mona Fertig, of CFRO-FM does a
live poetry show from the Vancouver Public Library, and can be
reached at the station. She is also a
good inlet to the several poetry
cliques around the city.
Even the Creative writing
department on campus has a good
selection of the little magazines.
They also produce Prism International.
Sexual fairy tale titillates
Gray goose and gander
Waft your wings together
Carry the good king's daughter
Over the two strand river.
In his first attempt at long fiction, Keith Maillard portrays
several people who are struggling
to find their sexual identity in a
society (Vancouver!) which
stereotypes people according to
"straight" or "gay" roles. There is
Allen, a man who has always
wanted to look like a girl and make
it th girls and there's Leslie, a
woman who wants to look like a
boy and make it with boys. Consider the possibilities.
Two Strand River
by Keith Maillard
Porcepic Press
In her book, the Female Eunuch,
Germaine Greer makes an impassioned plea for the liberation of
gender roles so that we might be
able to act according to our personality (which contains both male
and female elements) and not
according to the stereotypes imposed by society. This for example
would allow little girls to play with
cars and grow up to be corporation
lawyers without having any doubts
as to their sexual identities. Two
Strand River takes up the theme:
'Why can't Jane chase Dick and
why can't they have a good time
when they get to bed?"
This book has a happy ending.
Men and Leslie meet on the last
page and presumably they live
happily ever after in a sexually
liberated relationship.
But there is a long, tortuous plot
for them to negotiate. As they say,
the course of true love is never
easy. The first part of the novel, set
in Vancouver, resembles an urban
soap opera. Even the characters
admit it — "Jesus" Betty burst
out. "Do you know what we sound
like . . .? Like a goddamned soap
opera, that's what!" At times I felt
a need for a chart of the characters
explaining the action.
As the plot progresses, an undercurrent of magic and folklore
makes its appearance, cropping up
more and more frequently until it
climaxes in a confrontation with
Indian "spirits of the earth."
A major failing of the novel is an
almost direct copying of the plot of
Surfacing by Margaret Atwood.
The setting shifts from urban
Canada (Vancouver) to wilderness
Canada (northern B.C.). The
characters "find themselves" in
the   unspoiled   wilderness   where
COOL WATERS . . . background for hot passions
they are free of the "bad vibes" of
the city, a plot bearing an ex-
crutiating resemblance to Surfacing.
It would seem that Keith
Maillard, born in the U.S. and now
a Canadian citizen and Van-
couverite, was determined to write
a Canadian novel. Looking for a
Canadian theme he seems to have
picked up on that fucked Survival
theme Margaret Atwood used in
Briefly put, the "Survival"
theory of Canadian literature
maintains that there is a basic
theme — Canadian heroes are
solitary figures struggling for
existence in a harsh land. These
heroes define their existence and
develop as people in the context of
their struggle.
Of course, the theme is unbearably cliche, bearing no
relationship to the reality of
Canadian life. It should be avoided
by anyone wanting to write in
Canada. Literature will never get
anywhere in this country if it
continues to describe people who
"find themselves" in the wilderness.
Keith Maillard does have talent
as a writer. That much is evident
from his adept creation of
characters and images. However,
his inexperience with the novel is
evident. The novel moves quickly
and becomes too long; the events
start to bewilder.
The theme of magic, which at
first provides fascinating
background images, becomes
superfluous and silly as it becomes
part of the plot. By his own admission, Maillard has been influenced by accounts of West Coast
Indian shamanism and the
writings of Carlos Castaneda.
These influences just aren't
properly integrated into the story.
An old woman who practices
Indian cult magic acts as Allen's
guide in the quest for sexual
identity and eventually brings him
to the sacred Indian area. Leslie,
acting on an impulse given by the
spirit of her father, also goes there.
The two are transformed by "the
powers of the land," the old Indian
spirits which reside in the
wilderness, allowing them to grow
into new sexual identities.
They do not meet in the
wilderness, as one would expect,
but back in the city (in a library!).
As I said before, it's a happy ending. Believe it or not, this is the
final paragraph:
"I've got to take a risk, Leslie
thought, I've got to say something.
Do you . . .? Do you like
children's books?'; she said.
T don't know", he said. T haven't
read many of them'. He smiled
slowly. 'And you never know if
there's going to be a happy ending."
In spite of its failing, some
aspects of the novel are
capitivating. The characters  are
intriquing — introduced
separately, they come together
neatly as the quest for sexual
identity affects them all.
The Mother Goose rhymes that
are sprinkled throughout the text
with all their connotations of
folklore and sexual imagery, are
fascinating. The characters are
deeply affected by the magin
which the rhymes contain.
The explorations in sexual
identity are titillating, providing
much of the interest generated by
the book. For example, the scene
where Betty, a young suburban
housewife, has a brief sexual interlude with Allen who is dressed in
his metamophosis as Ellen, a
young, successful executive
secretary. Betty knows that she's
with a man dressed in women's
clothing and Allan (Ellen) knows
that he is a man, but feels a lesbian
attraction for Betty. It's all kind of
confusing but lots of fun; my
personal sense of voyeurism was
catered to.
Perhaps the next time Keith
Maillard turns his attention
towards writing a novel he will be
able to put his talent and his ideas
to better use. And perhaps he won't
try so hard to write a so-called
Canadian novel. Even if he didn't
copy Surfacing, the theme of
finding self-identity in the
wilderness is old and tired; it
should have been buried a long
time ago.
Page Friday. 2
Friday, December 3, 1976 *
* * ■»*
***** #****■** * **
lean lit
Canadian culture suffers
The large amount of attention paid to
Canadian culture was a revolutionary
movement five years ago. More than ever
Canadians developed a strong nationalism
and began to turn away from the colonial
and historical influences of the United
States and Britain to search for their own
identity. Cultural as well as economic
domination by Britain and the U.S. was all
too possible, and it was time to break away.
The Canadian culture explosion
mushrooms on. The nation is now the
greatest consumer of poetry per capita in
the world. People are speculating on all
areas of Canadian life as to what is uniquely
Take for instance the Canlit professor who
asks his class, "what is the Canadian Breakfast?" The perplexed faces that inevitably
form indicate that the class not only does not
know the answer, but it will die with anticipation until it is answered. It is a dark
area of their identities that must ben
enlightened in order to continue the
illustrious search of self in Canadian
In an editorial for the New York Times
this summer, Sean Kelly, a Canadian editor
for National Lampoon magazine, identified
the Canadian Dream as the desire to be an
He describes his childhood in Montreal,
and the highlights of those days when he and
his family crossed the border to Plattsburg,
Vermont, a small U.S. border town. "As
surely as any Victorian knew that Asia
began at Calais, I knew in my youth that
paradise began at Plattsburg ... the
balloon tired bikes, Tootsie Rolls, Thom
McAnn shoes, and Daisy air rifles advertised on the backs of comic books, which
were available (said the fine print), to us;
the riding, chewing, wearing and shooting of
which surely transformed meek mild-
mannered Canadians into Super Yanks."
To many this shocking confession of Mr.
Kelly's would serve as classic evidence for
more strict cultural controls. But what could
be done to stop this influence? Stop all
American publications from entering
Canada? Block all American television
signals? Obviously this would be impractical. Not only would this deny the
country a substantial amount of revenue,
the Canadian public would surely react with
no small amount of violence.
To remain pure of American cultural
domination is quite impossible, even in a
distant country like the USSR where people
would kill for a pair of Levis.
There are, however, strict cultural controls already in existence aside from the
CRTC rulings. These are the unwritten
rules. The very tide of nationalism that is so
rampant in this country, dictates that
Canadians watch the CBC over any of the
American stations that make it across the
border. It insists that people tilt a special
ear to a Canadian song, or devote sacred
attention to Canadian books.
It has become a duty of all in this country
to think and breathe Canadian. And the duty
is accepted blindly. It is mirrored in the
lavish Canada Council grants for the impoverished second-rate writers, the
adulatory self-admiring book reviews, and
the enormous subsidization of the CBC.
The rush to self pride has stunted the
growth of Canada by its losing sight; of the
important aspect of self-criticism.
Take for instance, the caricature version
of the exemplary Canadian writer. He is
usually associated with a university or a
city-based literary group. He is most often
an academic with either a professorship or a
writer-in-residence status, and he is heavily
reliant on Canada Council grants.
In reality the caricature is quite close.
Writers like the Atwoods, the Laytons, and
the Bowerings all hold academic positions
or have some connections with a university.
Earle Birney was associated for years with
UBC's Department of English.
The academics in their green isolation not
only influence the way literature is taught,
but our own critical perceptions. They are
an incestuous group that admire each other
through their journals and books. It is these
people that Canadians wait and listen to, to
feed their nationalistic fervor.
A question that should be asked is, "Is
there a tradition in Canadian Literature at
all?" The academics would reply with
volumes of thematic approaches to the
literature clearly insisting that there is a
literature. The wilderness, alienation, the
garrison mentality, and survival are all
aspects of this tradition.
But such approaches to literature distort
perception in favor of slick generalizations.
Alienation and survival are themes which
appear in other literatures as well. The
Garrison Mentality in early American
literature particularly. None are uniquely
Canadian, they only seem to appear consistently and that is all.
It seems the Canadian Culture movement
is directly related to a country struggling
with an inferiority complex. Being consistently dwarfed by its enormous neighbor,
Canada strives to answer the achievements
of the United States. Part of Leonard
Cohen's renown in Canada, for instance, is
no doubt because he represents a Canadian
answer to Bob Dylan.
Legislation of cultural controls would only
increase the amount of these answers to
.America and reduce the quality of the
literature, music, and other forms of media.
The existing unwritten rules are enough.
The CRTC regulations prove this. While
admittedly bringing an increase of performers to the fore in the Canadian music
scene, it has brought more bad than good.
To many this claim would be debatable, but
most would agree it is true.
If freedom from U.S. cultural domination
is the purpose, then only complete isolation
from all American things is the answer. And
this is not feasible.
It is not the purpose of this article to take
pot shots at Canadian Culture. Rather it is
an attempt to point out the foolish extent
that people have gone in order to strengthen
their own national identity. Reading
Canadian books or listening to Canadian
composers merely because they are
Canadian is wrong. For a person to define
his identity within the bounds of a nation's
so-called identity, is a limiting gesture. It
immediately rules out the availability of self
criticism, and this is what is needed.
A stronger culture would undoubtedly
develop if the Culturati could see the
fallibilities beyond the Canadian dreamland
they want to create.
Irving Layton, one of Canada's dissenting
voices, said in an introduction to his
Collected Poems,
"Am I a Canadian Poet? Let others use
abstractions and thick evasive words; they
are welcome to them . . . God, History,
Dialectical Materialism, Canadian Identity,
all the isms' and ities' along with the
murderous bad temper they evoke — they
canhavethem . . . My country is wherever
I can find a sheltered plot where I can
dream: away from manic busybodies,
puritans, dolts and foul-smelling men and
women scrambling furiously to reach the
top of the competitive shit pile."
Canuch culture defended
Dear Don Shebib,
I really enjoyed your motion picture,
"Goin' Down the Road." They tell me
you've made other movies, too, but I haven't
seen them. And now you've moved to Los
Angeles. Why?
Johnny Canuck
* * *
Dear Johnny:
I moved because you haven't seen my
other movies, and because I couldn't get
more money to make better movies.
If you want to know why, you'd better ask
Famous Players and Odeon Theatres.
Don Shebib
#    *    *
Dear Johnny:
I don't know why Mr. Shebib directed your
query to us. It is not our fault that he chooses
to make movies that are not viable, box
officewise. And the sort of motion picture
that Mr. Shebib and other Canadian filmmakers make, with Canadian settings,
Canadian characters and — worst of all —
Canadian actors are simply not viable.
And frankly, Johnny, it works this way:
Canadian audiences can recognize
American cities and celebrities, but
American audiences don't know Vancouver
or Halifax from a hole in the ground. We're
in business, Johnny, and Canadian films are
not worthwhile, percentagewise. Only a
Canadian theatre chain would go for that,
and as you must know, there is no Canadian
theatre chain.
Ralph Branchplant,
Vice President, Public Relations
Famous Players Theatres (Canada) Ltd.
Dear Johnny:
I'm afraid you sent your letter to the
wrong place, as I am no longer Secretary of
State. Nevertheless, my successor was kind
enough to forward your letter to me.
Yes, it is true that there is no Canadian
theatre chain, and it doesn't look as though
there's going to be one. Your suggestion that
Canada impose a "Canadian content"
regulation similar to the one governing
radio and television broadcasting is an
admirable one. Don't think it didn't occur to
But, as I said, I'm no longer Secretary of
With regard to your remark about the
magazine industry, I'm afraid you are
mistaken. Any magazine is free to publish in
Canada, regardless of the "Canadian
content" it may or may not have.
Hugh Faulkner
Dear Johnny:
I am very glad that you decided to check
your information with me. As former editor
of Time (Canada),Inc., I disagree with Mr.
Faulkner's assessment of his government's
It is true he didn't actually say we couldn't
publish in Canada. But he did introduce
legislation discriminating against us. Mr.
Faulkner would have you believe that four
pages of Canadian content tacked onto our
American edition did not make Time
(Canada) a Canadian magazine. As for the
charges, made by rabid nationalists, that we
insulted Canadian authors and
moviemakers by reviewing their work in the
Canadian on rather than in our regular
sections on books, film, music, etc.; well,
that is simply ridiculous. We often mentioned Canadian artists in the real part of
the magazine. I can't think of any offhand,
but I know there were some.
As for your other questions; no, I am not a
Canadian citizen, but that does not hamper
my interest in Canadian affairs. And no, I do
not have any relatives employed by Famous
Players Theatres. Sincerely,
Fred Branchplant
Toronto Bureau Chief
Time, Inc.
Dear Johnny:
Don't worry, you're not the only one who is
confused about this. Of course, as editor of a
Canadian magazine, I would tend to agree
with Mr. Faulkner, and not Mr. Branchplant.
While Time (Canada), Inc. was considered a Canadian magazine, advertisers
were allowed to deduct the costs of ads in
Time magazine from their corporate taxes
as a business expense. American firms are
not allowed to deduct as business expenses
the cost of advertising in Canadian
Advertising is the largest source of
revenue for most publications, and no advertiser in his right mind would choose a
Canadian magazine over an American
magazine with a larger circulation. And the
Americans can undercut our advertising
rates, because they can sell more
magazines than we can, because there are
more Americans. We pay as much for
paper, printing and mailing as the
American magazines, but we have only one-
tenth the potential subscribers.
You might want to ask Jack McClelland
about the effect this business about costs has
on book publishing.
Robert Fulford
Editor, Saturday Night
Dear Johnny:
Yes, Pierre Berton and Farley Mowat are
wealthy, because we've sold a lot of their
books. But Margaret A twood has had a
bestseller and so has Robertson Davies, but
they aren't very wealthy.
And, despite whatever Berton and Mowat
might say, neither am I, dammit.
Let's say an American writer comes up
with a book that one in every 200 Americans
buys. He sells a million copies. Now if a
Canadian writer sells a book that appeals to
one in every 200 Canadians, he sells 100,000
copies. And gets the same amount from
each book as the American. Got that?
That's the difference between huge
American networks, with millions of dollars
to play with, turning out crap like Rhoda and
The Waltons, and Canadian networks with
thousands of dollars to play with turning out
crap like Pardon My French or Sidestreet.
Jack McClelland
Dear Johnny:
This Canadian culture nonsense is a lot of
crap. If a writer is good, people will buy his
books. You can't use controls just because
the Americans have 10 times the money and
population of Canada. The Americans stand
on their own feet; let Canadians stand on
their own foot.
After all, I didn't need any help from the
Canada Council.
Arthur Hailey
Dear Johnny:
Yes, there are several agencies in the
United States that do the same sort of thing
the Canada Council does. There's the Ford
Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation, and Xerox and more.
But their subsidiaries up here don't throw
that kind of money around.
Susanna Moodie
Director, Canada Council
Friday, December 3, 1976
Page Friday. 3 can lit
Atwood mocks nationalism
So many people have a preconceived opinion of Margaret
Atwood that it seems almost
useless to review her new book,
Lady Oracle.
Lady Oracle
by Margaret Atwood
McClelland and Stewart
345 pages, $10 hardcover
Atwood has been described as
"ail things to all people." Some
men hate her and some women
love her; and vice versa. For a
long time she has been a favorite of
some nationalist and feminist
groups. And because of this she has
been dismissed by many as a mere
cult figure, a passing fad.
It would be pleasant to forget all
this and just read her novel. But
Atwood will not let us.
Lady Oracle is about a woman
who is too many things to too many
peopie. Joan is a secret writer of
Gothic Romances and the author of
a serious book of poetry, Lady
Oracle. She is a married to a
political activist, from whom she is
ATWOOD . . . defies public preconceptions
concealing her past as a dreadfully
fat child.
The section dealing with Joan's
childhood is the most interesting
part of the novel. As a child, Joan's
'bitterness is very forceful. There
are really only two people in her
life: her mother, whom she hates,
and her Aunt Lou, who is the only
person she ever seems to really
care for.
Joan changes from a chubby,
bewildered child into an enormous,
cynical teenager, moulded by
these two women. Her memories of
her childhood are described with
angry clarity.
The scene of Joan's first dance
recital stands out particularly.
Because she is so fat, Joan is
denied the butterfly costume she
has been longing for. Instead, she
is dressed in an old teddy bear
costume. A sign saying, "Mothball" is hung around her neck and
Arctic error told
The bureaucrats, nurses, social
workers and priests that inhabit
Arctiz Zone One have come for
various reasons, few of which
benefit the Inuit, or Eskimos.
Some are enticed by higher
wages, slack jobs or increased
possibilities for promotions.
The priests come to save the
souls of the unsuspecting Eskimos
from the clutches of their Shamans
and corral them under the
protective, suffocating wing of the
Many of them come north in an
attempt to escape problems in the
south, and some for a rather
comfortable sense  of  adventure.
The one trait virtually all have in
common is a desire to save the
Inuit from themselves rather than
help them through a rather difficult period of transition.
by Finn Schultz-Lorentzen
McClelland and Stewart
494 pages, $12.95
Finn Schultz-Lorentzen, who
worked as an area administrator in
the Keewatin district of the Northwest Territories for six years,
writes at the beginning of the
novel: "Neither the settlement nor
the persons depicted exist although
I suppose they could have." This is
a profoundly disturbing thought. If
in fact they do exist, as the author
suggests they do, the Inuit have a
rough time ahead.
Finn-Lorentzen does a painfully
effective job of exposing the
bureaucratic psyche. Take Stu
Spencer: former store clerk,
alcoholic, impotent husband and
now Arctic Tasks Supervisor of
Arctiz Zone One. As part of his
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Phone 734-2828
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our spirits high J. B."
Blues — Jazz
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she is sent on stage in an impromptu ending to the dance. Joan
does not believe her dancing
teacher's story that she has picked
for this special role because she is
the best dancer. This scene is one
of the funniest and most painful in
the book.
Joan loses weight but carries the
memory of her fat like a guilty
secret. She makes up a past for
herself and tells this to her
husband. As more people enter her
life her lies become more complicated.
The novel is full of delusions.
Joan's husband, Arthur, drifts
from cause to cause, becoming
fanatically involved in each for a
short time and then becoming
disillusioned. Joan continues to
write her Gothic Romances. These
are excerpted in the novel and it
looks like these sections were fun
to write. These diversions make up
most of Joan's fantasy life until she
writes her almost serious book of
poetry, Lady Oracle. Then her
life's complications increase.
At first the fact that Joan's book
and Atwood's have the same title
seems like a simple, eccentric
touch. The early part of the book
does not have an autobiographical
But after the publication of
Joan's Lady Oracle the similarities
become more apparent. Joan's
new lover, the Royal Porcupine,
after they have made love for the
first time, says: "I've always
wanted to know what it was like to
fuck a cult figure."
Some of the things that people
say to Joan at literary parties
sound very much like paraphrases
of Atwood anecdotes. At this point
the novel starts to sound self-
indulgent and loses force.
This seems to be a very personal
book. Atwood ponders for a while
on illusion and reality. She makes a
few cynical comments on the
Canadian literatii. Even the causes
that Atwood is credited with
espousing, feminism and
nationalism, are mocked in this
But Lady Oracle does not make
any sweeping statements. It is not
a book that should make anyone
very angry.
duties he is responsible for the
village whaling operation. Stu, of
course, knows as much about
whaling as Amy Vanderbilt did of
boxing and he wastes no time in
proving it. He rejects the first eight
whales caught because they were
dead when pulled from the nets. He
surmises, "the meat of anything
drowned was bound to be
Despite his obtuseness he finally
recognizes the Inuit might know
more about whaling than he does
and allows the perfectly edible
drowned' meat to be kept. At the
same time he insists the nets be
checked twice per day which
results in the whales being scared
away before getting anywhere
near the nets.
Any member of the Inuit crew
would have been glad to tell him it
would happen if he had the confidence to ask.
At the end of the hunt, Stu's
superior, the Arctic Tasks
superintendent tells Stu he should
have saved the melon oil along
with the meat. The what? Stu is
dumbfounded. No one told him to
save the melon oil. The supervisor
is disappointed and says he expects
a little creativity from his employees. Fat chance. The crushing
blow comes at the end of the hunt
when the supervisor writes to Stu
from the central office advising
him to destroy all of the whale
meat — no government authorized
'I:;,/*•■■."■   '■'! Nim .■.•■■■,"■':".
,ii.' .-■ "... :'<*•
»'='■ v •"''..,■■'■■'
RCs great tastingbeer,
...because it's slow brewed with the pure
spring water from Shannon Falls Park.
Page Friday. 4
Friday, December 3, 1976 -V *T<
s4**\*% *
.,:M^can lit
Philosophical poet printed
At McClelland and Stewart they have a
philosophical approach to poetry — you
have to take the bad with the good.
Hence the simultaneous release of Sundance at Dusk by Al Purdy and The Catch by
George Bowering. Although the books are
not part of a specific series, such as the New
Canadian Library, they share with other
books by M & S major poets a mat" of
large, clear type and paperback covers with
striking graphics.
Sundance at Dusk
by Al Purdy
The Catch
by George Bowering
McClelland and Stewart
both $4.95
And that is where the similarities end, as
far as Purdy and Bowering are concerned.
Sundance at Dusk is one of Purdy's more
eclectic volumes, containing poems about
such varied subject material as the
salvaging of a Russian submarine by the
CIA (where Purdy quotes verbatim an
article in Time magazine) and a recurring
nightmare in which he is unable to save his
wife from death.
Nevertheless, most of the poems have a
positive tenor, and love is a recurring
theme. At 58, Purdy looks at life wryly,
sometimes ruefully, but never cynically. His
technical skills have never been sharper,
and his images are concise and powerful,
yet he repeatedly apologizes for the
inadequacy of poetry to convey his thoughts.
Recalling a friend from his early youth,
and the "such bad poems" he wrote when he
was 14, Purdy says:
Just because something is gone
doesn't make it a poem
but maybe the reason you remember
At the end of a description of Chipewyan
children at the garbage dump in Churchill,
he says:
and it isn't true
that Indian kids live like that
and die like that it isn't true
somebody's bound to say
besides it doesn't make a very good poem
and isn't pleasant either I guess
but to hell with poems
But the mood passes, at least for awhile,
and Purdy bounces back with joyous paeans
to Rocket Richard and coyotes in a Mexican
Purdy writes some love poems, but more
often he reflects on love, both past and
present. He makes it clear he doesn't
understand women, or love, or why he walks
naked into the snow sometimes, but Purdy's
deliberate innocence is the most honest and
effective poetry style around. He's damned
if he's going to be both witty and wise, but he
is anyway.
And then there is George Bowering.
Bowering is a local fellow, born and raised
in the Okanagan — but then so is Bill Bennett.
PURDY . . honest poet
That may be a cheap shot, but it is just
what Bowering (and McClelland and
Stewart) deserve for trying to unload The
Catch on the public at $4.95. Setting aside for
the moment the matter of Bowering's
writing ability, The Catch should be reviled
simply because two-thirds of it consists of
previously published works by Bowering — .
although the publisher's flack sheet points
out that the earlier stuff (George, Vancouver, written in 1970 and Autobiology,
written in 1972) was released only in "ex-
psnsive limited editions."
They couldn't be limited enough.
Bowering is not quite the Rod McKuen of the
North, but he's working at it:
Inside the substance were the orange
ies in the beaks of the mother duck & her
duckling swimming on the smooth pond. Inside
cheezies were the knobby knees of the gull
standing in the still air on a round rock.
Well, you get the idea. The constant use of
the   ampersand (&)  instead of the word'
and" is not his .only gimmick;  he also
prefers the archaic "t" instead of "ed" to
form the perfect past, as in "wisht" instead
of "wished."
Oh well, you can't blame the guy for
scrambling around to find something to set
him apart from the copywriters at the
Hallmark greeting card company.
But for $4.95 you can get a lot of greeting
cards. Hell, for $4.95 you can get a recording
of some of Mozart's work. And it is a
sobering thought that by the time Mozart
was Bowering's age, he had been dead for
six years.
But to hell with poetry. Read Purdy instead.
Bear bears up to criticism
"The theme of Bear is one of the most
significant and pressing in Canada in our
time — the necessity for us who are
newcomers to the country, with hardly four
hundred years of acquaintance with it, to
ally ourselves with the spirit of one of the
most ancient lands in the world."
by Marian Engel
McClelland and Stewart
So says Robertson Davies on the cover of
the preview copy of Marian Engel's Bear.
And, indeed, Bear is full of comments on
Canadian history and the Canadian
situation. If we are truly alienated this book
should help.
Engel's protagonists are often disturbingly similar. This one, Lou, is a sensitive,
observant women who lives a cloistered life
working in an Historical Institute in
Toronto. She sorts through memorabilia
donated to the Institute, revelling "in the
erudite seclusion of her job, in the protection
against the vulgarities of the world."
Although she enjoys her sheltering job,
she sometimes feels that she is wasting her
life in cataloguing the lives of others.
Then the Institute is given an island, a
house and a library. And Lou is sent to
northern Ontario to investigate the house
and catalogue the library.
She travels north to the island and finds,
not wilderness, but a Fowler's octagonal
house from the 1800s and a tame bear,
chained, listless and dirty.
The house is a product of colonial
pretentiousness. It does not belong in the
area; it is too elaborate, too hard to heat.
The bear is a victim of the same Romantic
ideas that led Colonel Cary, the first owner
of the house, to come to the north of Canada.
The Cary family has always had a bear.
BEAR . . . rewarding relationship
first this seems wildly  romantic  and
Elizabethan to Lou. Then she begins to feel
sorry for the apathetic animal. She starts to
take him swimming in the river. She unchains him and takes him for walks around
the island.
Lou's thoughts, her descriptions of the
house and the library, and her perceptions
of the people around her island add an intricate, museum-like quality to the novel.
The narration is thick with observations on
the difference between a shoal and an island
(an island has at least one tree) and the
importance of such differences to the people
around there.
Lou muses peacefully on the theme of man
versus nature until she is fiercely bitten by a
blackfly andhas to retreat inside, a defeated
pioneer. She has spent her childhood
reading anthropomorphic stories about cute
Beatrix Potter animals and the animal
stories of "Sir Charles Goddamn Roberts."
She really has no understanding of animals.
The library is a disappointment. It con-
ta ins an ordinary collection of American and
European books but nothing of particularly
Canadian interest. Lou has to find information on Canadian history to justify the
Institute's keeping the house.
She does find an autographed copy of
Wacousta, John Richardson's synthesis of
Canada and Romantic England. Lou is
wildly elated by this, but only because of its
historical implications. She has never read
the novel.
But the library also offers her information
on bears. Colonel Cary has tucked slips of
paper into his books, each one telling of the
biological, historical or legendary traits of
As Lou's relationship with the bear grows
she rejects her narration of historical
details and openly begins to recount her own
sexual past. These open revelations from a
character previously so well protected are
very touching; if no one can refrain from
snickering at the scenes of bestiality.
Even Lou occasionally mocks this
The trouble with you Ontario girls is you
never acquire any kind of sophistication.
You're deceiving yourself about that bear:
he's about as interesting as an ottoman: as
you, in fact."
But they continue together until the bear
frees them both in one, final, wild gesture.
Bear is a powerful, moving story of a
Canadian life. And the theme is, as Davies
says, significant for Canadians.
Robertson Davies' own novel The Man-
ticore mentions bears briefly. Near the end
of the novel he tells the story of the seventh
century Irish monk, Gallus. He lives in a
cave with a large bear and makes an
arrangement with it: if the bear brings him
wood for his fire, he will feed the bear.
The moral of this is that we have to work
with the bear we live with, or, more appropriate to Marian Engel's novel: "cherish
your bear, and your bear will feed your
Set up your weekend,with Long Distance ©Trans-Canada Telephone System
Friday, December 3, 1976
Page Friday. 5 art
Native artists portrayed
Photographs of native artists at
work, by Ulliz Seltzer, are
currently on display at the Centennial Museum (to December 31).
Seltzer is a sensitive artist and
perceptive documentarian. She
captures both the personality of
her subjects and the traditional
processes they employ in the
creation of their art.
The majority of the photographs
depict the artists actively engaged
wild flowers their mothers use as
natural dyes for their wool, while a
man helps his wife gather the
spruce roots she uses to make a
Indeed, the artist's home, which
often doubles as a studio-
workshop, serves as a focal point
for the community. People gather
here to discuss problems, share a
joke, or just enjoy the ambience of
the artist's studio.
Unlike   western   society   which
WORKING ... involved in artistic creation
in their work. Seltzer shows the
various stages in the production of
the traditional native arts —
jewelery, basketry, totem pole
carving, and weaving. Unlike
white artists who buy their mass
produced materials at the store,
native artists participate in every
stage of the art object's creation.
We see, for example, Salish
weavers shearing sheep, washing,
carding, and spinning the wool,
and then the actual weaving of the
rugs themselves.
The entire community becomes
involved in some aspect of artistic
creation. Children help gather the
constructs heavily fortified
barriers between people on the
basis of sex and age, Seltzer's
photographs reveal a community
where such obstructions to human
communication are transcended
by a common desire to preserve
and practice the traditional arts. In
the portrait of Emma Beans, for
example, a child absorbs the
traditions of her culture as she
watches this old woman sew
buttons onto the famous "button
blankets" for which coastal Indians are renowned.
Interspersed        with the
photographs are examples of the
art objects the native artists are
shown making. Of particular interest are the simple yet delightful
Salish weavings which have
hitherto been relatively ignored by
local stores and galleries
displaying native art. Also on
display are the seemingly fragile
yet deceptively sturdy birch bark
baskets, delicate argillite carvings, and several breathtaking
pieces of silver and gold jewelry,
notably a bracelet by Bill Reid.
In many of the photographs, the
spectator sees the meeting of two
cultures, the white and native.
Anne Williams, for example, sews
beads onto moccasins beneath the
watchful eye of a Virgin Mary
statuette and a poster inscribed,
The Lord is my Shepherd." A
Kresge-variety velour tapestry
showing a Madison Avenue conception of a deer in a forest
decorates the wall of another artist's home. It was very saddening
to see that many of these native
artists do not decorate their homes
with their own superb art, but
rather opt for the art of white
Although Seltzer concentrates on
her subjects as artists, her show
also includes many portraits which
offer glimpses into her subject's
identity as a person as well as an
artist. One photograph of Margaret
Emery, for instance, reveals this
woman as a tremendously
dignified yet intense old woman.
She meets the camera's
scrutinizing eye without a trace of
self Consciousness.
Perhaps   one   of   the   reasons
Seltzer's   subjects   appear   so
no generation gap
relaxed and natural in these
photographs is because she lived
with the artists she portrays,
establishing human rather than
professional relationships. It is this
sensitivity to the humanity of her
subjects that emerges in Seltzer's
superb photographs.
Former chairman.
Science Council of Canada
One   of   Canada's   most   distinguished    scientists.    Dr.    Gaudry
recently  completed  a  report on
research      funding      in     B.C.
universities     for     the     B.C.
Department of Education.
Saturday, Dec. 4, 8:15 p.m.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC
Vancouver institute
lectures take place on
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m.
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
instructional resources
admission to the genera
public, i? free
Page Friday, 6
Friday, December 3, 1976 drama
Que bueno es el Chile show
A group of actors from the UBC Theatre
Department are ending a far too short run
this Saturday, of something they call The
Chile Show. It deserves a lot more attention
than it can possibly get in the three days it
will be shown.so it is strongly recommended
that you attend the 8:00 showing on Saturday evening in the intimate space provided
by the Frederic Wood stage. The audience
sits on benches and floor space, not in the
Theatre house so don't be bashful of walking
through the stage entrance.
The Chile Show
directed by Paul Clements
with a host of good UBC actors
on Frederic Wood Stage
Dec. 4, at 8:00 p.m.
The Chile Show is not a play in the normal
sense, but a series of vignettes, in the
Bertold Brecht style, that tell the story and
the supposed truth of the Salvadore Allende
tragedy, the perverse actions of the ruling
Junta, and the situation in Chile today.
The show was created through research
by the actors and director Paul Clements.
From the research developed an opinion,
and as it stands, that opinion is uncomfortably black and white to me.
My discomfort questioned not the neatly
stylized technique, but the intent of the
piece. Why, for instance, do these people not
prove more emphatically that their
research is valid, that the documents they
bring to life are real fact.
This led me to ask another question.
"Wouldn't this credibility the production
needs be enhanced if they at least tried to
look into the mind of some of the contributors of atrocity, rather than poking sick
fun and cursing them?
Paul Clements, in reply to this, said that if
you take one small look at the mentality of
the Junta, and recognize the overwhelming
intensity   of   their   perverse,   corruptive
JANE HEYMAN ... it comes from the heart
natures, you need not know a;iy more. Their
natures are that simple to understand. He
suggested that, for example, the fact that
General Pinochet was so pre-meditating as
to attend a torture school in Virginia is
enough reason to judge him by.
He agreed that it would probably be more
credible for a Canadian audience if the
mentality of "the other side" were brought
out more and dealt with in some way, but he
also said that work on creating The Chile
Show began only four weeks ago. It
therefore strikes me as excusable that this
production does lack a certain credibility
because it is bound to develop more with
time,'if kept at.
I asked Clements if he felt the majority of
the research that is enacted in The Chile
Show was, as the program implies, true
evidence. He told me that in the case with
Chile, the worldwide reaction has been
abnormally one-sided, so much so that one
must conclude that many of the extraordinary accounts of atrocities are
Clements told me the reason The Chile
Show was put together is to support the
Chilean Resistance. I naively reacted,
"What? Does this mean you are for yet
another bloody revolution? " His reply was a
revelation to me. He said that the Chilean
Resistance Movement presently functions
for the one purpose of freeing all the
detainees stuck in the prisons and torture
nouses of Chile and does not see a Popular
Front arising for some time yet. The Chile
Show, he hopes, will free at least one
political prisoner, a Chilean actress named
Luz de las eves Ayres, when it is remounted
in the near future.
Clements originally wanted to call The
Chile Show "The Silent Vietnam," but no
one else liked it. The Chile Show seemed a
more appropriate title because the "link"
between each vignette is a rather obnoxious
and foolish Master of Ceremonies, straight
out of junky daytime T.V. Clements explains
this unlikely character as a "release" from
the heavy material that is being presented,
a moment to catch our breath, as well as a
blatantly satirical device.
It seems too easy a way out. Surely the
gifted Chilean musicians act as the strong
contrast needed for a release, and are also
quite capable of adding to the heavy
tragedy. Hearing a beautiful Nana
Mouskouri-like voice from the lead vocalist
seems quite enough to fill and deflate me,
without an M.C. He is not even a very
original character device.
Still, The Chile Show is the most captivating production I have ever seen on this
campus, and my heart goes out to the sincere actors and the important challenge
they are involved with. It is encouragng to
see stuffy Freddy Wood pulling up its socks
and trying something relevant, and doing it
well. It is a rich piece, and as Paul Clements
says, "We really have the material for two
plays hers."
There is the story of the U.S. (and
Canadian!) part in the Junta intertwined
into the story of the plight of the victimized,
seen from their own eyes. Both stories could
be effectively expanded on — either
together or separately. Clements suggested
to me that a book such as Subversion In
Chile (about the ITT-CIA involvement —
Spokesman Books) opens a whole new can of
worms that could be more dealt with in his
However there are enough worms in the
can as it is. The Chile Show is an invaluable
idea and one demanding attention. It has a
purpose, and, as any of the three Chilean
band members who were either tortured or
imprisoned, then exiled from their
homeland, will tell you, it is a purpose thet
must be confronted by the outside world.
Twenty million lives in "The Silent Vietnam" depend on it.
FRI. DEC. 3rd
,t° 8-12:30
SI B 207-209
Friday, December 3, 1976
Page Friday, 7 drama i
Torch twaddle isn't bad
By the time I went to see The
Torch-Bearers, the reviews in the
two daily papers had already
prevented it from being a success.
Headlines like Difficult to be kind
about Torch-Bearers' and 'Don't
bother to stay for third act' are
enough to scare off any theatregoer. They seem to be guaranteeing you a bad time.
The Torch-Bearers
by George Kelly
directed by Kathryn Shaw
David Y. H. Lui Theatre
until December 18
The Torch-Bearers is not a good
play or good theatre in many ways,
but the critics seem to be upset
mainly because it is a Vancouver
theatre production that has no
significance. Silly twaddle with a
string running through it may not
have a message, but it isn't bad or
This play was a New York hit in
1922, as the publicity is fond of
saying, and it does show its age,
but in a daffy, innocent kind of
way. I can't imagine this as
anything but matinee material, it's
so light and coreless. But the life
and the care lavished on it make it
a better buy than most entertainment in town right now.
Despitewhat thepapers said, the
first and third acts were not all that
bad. And the second act (the
wittiest part of the play) isn't all
that good.
The first act introduces all but
two of theplayers in a comfortable,
1920s drawing room that belongs
to a starry-eyed housewife caught
up in the theatre movement, and
her caustically amused husband.
The players involved rehearse a
play (called The Torch-Bearers')
under the direction of a veteran
actress whose career in amateur
theatre is reflected in her stale
phrases and bad ideas.
The second act, curiously independent of the other two, is a
backstage point of view of the play
in progress the next night. The
slapstick is played for all it's
worth, with a dotty old stage
manager and a crew (which is
mainly one old hag in a silver bead
gown) incapable of being on the
But the slapstick avoids being
heavy, because no matter how
terrible their play is, they seem to
be having a good time.
The third act winds it up back in
the drawing room with the husband
telling the wife how bad the play
. . daffy and innocent
was, and he wins her back from the
theatre movement. Among the fine
cast are popular names like
Richard Fowler, Antony Holland,
Micki Maunsell and Allan Gray —
so there is little to worry about in
the way of acting. The costumes
are by Phillip Clarkson, and the
scenery and perceptive lighting by
David Fischer.
Even though all the faults lie
with the play itself, The Torch-
Bearers does have a lot of good
things about it. Enthusiasts of
light, humorous, semi-farce can
enjoy what they paid for,
especially with a cast this good.
As small town bigwigs in 1922
who put on a play at the local
Horticultural Hall, these actors
could run the risk of being flamboyant. But the company have
tensile voices and sure
movements; they become real,
instead of transforming themselves into tediously witty monsters with that spiked, 'frothy'
twenties dialogue. Perhaps that's
what keeps The Torch-Bearers on
the ground.
It isn't a very witty play; it
doesn't have the abandon or the
slyness to hold  much wit.   Yet
Psychic phony exposed
The continuing popularity of the
occult and all things supernatural
has been accompanied by a constant stream of books by authors
who are eager to cash in on this
spiritual boom. The Psychic Mafia
is an attempt to exploit people's
interest in the occult while
simultaneously debunking and
demystifying the spirit world.
Most of The Psychic Mafia
describes the trials and
tribulations of one M. Lamar
Keene, who was assisted in writing
the book by Allen Spragett, whose
column The Unexplained regularly
graces the Province TV Times.
The Psychic Mafia
by M. Lamar Keene as told to
Allen Spragett
177 pages, St. Martin's Press
Mr. Keene became a medium at
an early age after learning that
mediums who purported to communicate with the spirit world
were merely very clever sleight of
hand artists and professional con
men. Through an extensive network of contacts across North
America, mediums would exchange  information   about   their
Tickets: Woodward's Concert Box Offices, Grennan's Records
clients and thus each medium
would have an extensive file
system that recorded the details of
thousands of individuals' lives.
These people were naturally impressed when they found themselves in a seance where the
medium was seemingly intimately
acquainted with every detail of
their lives through his contacts in
the "spirit"' world.
For a long time Mr. Keene was a
fraudulent medium, and apparently it was quite a profitable
means of earning a living. Much of
the book is devoted to describing
his opulent life and how he convinced his naive clients to hand
over their money to him in exchange for "contact" with the
spirit world.
But finally Keene started to
experience qualms of conscience,
and     eventually      gave      up
spiritualism and became a Mason
and a fundamentalist Christian
The Psychic Mafia offers a
glimpse into the minds of people
who are willing to believe any
reassuring statement so long as it
comes from someone in a position
of authority. These people need to
cling to something, be it politics,
religion, or any quack philosophy
that happens to catch their eye.
With the breakdown of traditional
belief-systems, more and more
people find themselves looking for
Truth and an all-encompassing
solution for all their problems.
Spiritualism is just one way of
exploiting these weaker people.
Anyone who .is at least
moderately interested in the occult
would do well to read this book and
then examine their own particular
R.W. McDonald, B.C. Director
SHOWS AT  12:30,      _^	
2:45, 5:05, 7:20, 9:40    ft! GRANVILLE
Sunday starts 2:45 685-54J4
oHOWS AT 12:20,,
2, 4, 6, 8, 10 881   GRANVILLE
Sunday 2, 4, 6, 8, 10     682-7468
2:05, 4:05,
6:05, 8, 10
12:25, 2:05, 4:05, 6:05,
8, 10
8S1   GRANVM.lt
1 he Jaws
of Bfeath
MATURE— Parents, scenes
of shark attack may
frighten children.
— R. W. MacDonald, B.C. Dir.
12, 1:35, 3:35,
5:30, 7:30, 9:30
THE MAN WHO   Academy Award winner!
A feature lengtr
Show Times:
7:30, 9:30
CAMBIE al  18th
MATURE — Occasional nudity
and coarse language.
—R. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
7:30, 9:30
DUNBAR «t 30th
Produced and directed by
Gordon Sheppard SHOWS AT:
MATURE — Occasional nudity. 7:30,9:30 224-3730*'
— R. McDonald, B.C. Dir. 4375 w. 10th
Kathryn Shaw, the director, places
everyone on the stage interestingly
and gracefully, so you can forget
about the premise of the play while
becoming absorbed in it.
If Kathryn Shaw can work such
wonders with a turkey like The
Torch-Bearers, why didn't she
choose a better play to work on?
Why did David Lui go along with
her? No amount of comment can
provide an answer, nor will it make
The Torch-Bearers a better play.
Still, for relying on the defunct
charms of a hit from 1922, Lui and
Shaw have rolled with the punches
awfully well.
a total of $400, donated by the
UBC Alumni Fund, is to be
apportioned at the discretion of
the judges.
open  to full-time and part-time
registered UBC students.
entries this year are restricted to
short      stories,     previously
maximum     length     allowed     is
3,000 words.
entries   are   to   be   submitted  in
duplicate,   typed   double-spaced
on white paper.
only    one    entry    per    student
* entries must be received at the
UBC Alumni Association office,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1X8
(campus mail will reach us) by
January 31, 1977 A panel of
writers and critics will judge the
stories and the winners will be
announced in April.
* entries must be clearly identified
with the author's name, student
number and an address and
telephone number where contact
can be made in April.
* the author should retain a copy
of the entry as the alumni
association assumes no
responsibility for submitted
manuscripts. However, we will
endeavor to return all entries
which are accompanied by a
self-addressed envelope.
* the winning entries become the
property of the UBC Alumni
Chronicle, the association's
quarterly magazine, and will be
considered for publication.
* call or drop in to the UBC
Alumni Association office at
Cecil Green Park, 228-3313.
Page Friday. 8
Friday, December 3, 1976 ft&S&y;^
Holiday films previewed
The first half of December is usually a
slow period for the movies. Everyone is too
busy preparing for Christmas to bother
going out.
But around December 20th things start to
pick up as the studios scramble to release
the really big pictures, the ones they hope
will be up for Oscars in the spring.
This year two films have got the jump on
the Christmas rush and are defying all the
statistics by playing to full houses. One is
Carrie which is still going strong at the
Denman Place and the other is the surprise
hit Eliza's Horoscope, currently attracting
large crowds to the Varsity Theatre.
The success of Eliza's Horoscope is a
surprise first because it is Canadian and
second because it is not your average
commercial feature.
Canadians don't exactly flock to the
theatres whenever a homemade film
arrives so it is a little startling when they
respond so overwhelmingly to a film like
Gordon Sheppard has spent over eight
years of his life on this film and his associate
producer Marguerite Courriveau has dedicated almost six years to the enterprise. It is
a labor of love.
It is also a powerful film. It's not a great
movie. Those who call it a masterpiece
overrate it. But it has a strong impact upon
its audience. You may not like what director
Inuit lose Arctic
From PF 4
veterinarian had been present when the
whales were butchered. At this point the
sensitive reader must put the book down and
take a walk (to cool off).
Bureaucratic screw-ups equal to this are
not unusual in Arctic, but the frequency at
which they occur doesn't make them any
more bearable. Lorentzen allows the reader
to share the frustration the Inuit must feel in
dealing with this clumsy cyclops, this Arctic
Bureau. He makes it clear though that the
Bureau is not consciously perfidious in its
actions; many of its projects are conceived
in the best interests of the Inuit.
The Bureau did set up the Eskimo council
to give the natives a measure of autonomy.
Most of the people couldn't even speak any
English, let alone understand the meaning
of autonomy or the function of the council. In
final analysis the council is a vehicle that
enables the whites to exert more effective
control over the Inuit.
The church also has impeccable motives
in its dealings with the Inuit. What could be
more worthwhile than introducing them to
the enlightened philosophy of the Catholic or
Anglican church? Father Ignatius, one of
the more interesting characters in the novel,
runs the Roman Catholic mission in the
settlement and manages the Co-op at the
same time. He came to the Arctic as a young
man fresh from the seminary and eager for
conversions. At this he proved extremely
adept. Using methods which could hardly be
construed as ethical he quickly filled his
church with Eskimos. Once all the Eskimos
in the settlement were converted, the priest
initiated the Co-op to occupy his zealous
Being not an insensitive man, as Lorentzen puts it, Father Ignatius is well aware of
the paradoxical nature of his two
professions. Should he, as a priest, a
guardian of souls be so deeply involved in
worldly affairs? After much thought he
finds his actions ultimately pleasing to the
Lord. Unfortunately, the priest becomes so
engrossed in his invoices that Profit rises to
sit at the right hand of the Father and the
Eskimos disappear from the picture.
Although some of Schultz-Lorentzen's
characters teeter perilously on the tightrope
of believability, he does manage to make the
point that the Eskimos are the ones that
suffer at the hands of the white saviors.
They are the victims. His cinematic style
reveals glimpses of the lives of both the
Eskimos and the whites, which indicate that
with rare exceptions, the whites fail to even
begin to understand the Inuit.
The Arctic Bureau wants to help the
Eskimos — teach them to hold down a job,
be efficient, be punctual — worship the
hands of the clock. To the Inuit there is a
time for work and a time for relaxation but
they have absolutely nothing to do with a
clock. Time for the Inuit has traditionally
depended upon the seasons, whaling in the
summer and hunting seals in the winter.
Schultz-Lorentzen points this out in the
divisions of the book: summer and fall,
winter and spring. The whites in the novel
mistake this disregard for 'western' punctuality as laziness. They misunderstand the
Inuit's mild manners as "not giving a
damn." They send the children away to
school with no regard for the problems that
will arise between the young and old. They
often treat the Inuit as less than human.
Despite the occasional lapse into overstatement, the novel presents an effective,
unemotional view of the plight of Eskimos in
the Arctic. It is worth the while of any
Sheppard is doing to you but you will
Eliza's Horoscope is a fairy tale for
adults, a surreal experience unlike any seen
in local cinemas for a long while. It is about
a young woman searching for love who turns
to astrology, religion, drugs and dreams
during her quest.
It's a wild movie that will fascinate those
who believe in astrology and impress those
who adhere to the theories of C. G. Jung. But
for the average movie goer it's pretty strong
stuff, so strong that many will be turned off.
Sheppard thinks that anyone can understand his picture but he is wrong,
probably because he is so involved with it
that he has forgotten how difficult it can be.
If you don't like Fellini or Eastern
European films you won't like Eliza. If you
do, chances are good you can connect with
Sheppard's film.
Eliza could run through to December 17 at
the Varsity if the crowds keep coming. And
if the demand keeps up it will move to the
Dunbar on that date. But whatever happens
it must vacate Don Barnes' art house then to
allow Led Zeppelin in with their first movie,
The Song Remains the Same.
Released in time for the Christmas
holidays it should pack the place with
vacationing high school students or anyone
else with cast iron ears. Judging from the
ads on the Seattle television stations it has
all the subtlety of a toothpaste commercial
and about as much depth. Beware.
Another rock and roll film, A Star is Born
(tfi) rears its ugly head Christmas Day at
the Stanley. I saw a preview for this before
another movie and the entire audience
laughed for the full five minutes. Just the
same they'll all be lining up to see Barbra
Streisand and Kris Kristofferson be oh so
relevant in this updated melodrama. Bring
your hankies.
Probably a far better bet for holiday
viewing   will   be   Network   which   opens
December 16 at the Lougheed Mall. Faye
Dunaway, Peter Finch and Robert Duvall
star in this expose of a television
conglomerate. The reviews from New York
are generally good and the director is
Sidney LUmet of Serpico and Dog Day Afternoon, amongst others. Should be worth
your attention.
For people who like to laugh, Gene Wilder
and Richard Pryor will be featured at the
Vogue in Silver Streak, directed by ex-
Canadian Arthur Hiller. I know nothing
about this film except that it was filmed in
Alberta and deals with crooks and trains.
Peter Sellers returns in The Pink Panther
Strikes Again on December 15. This is the
latest chapter in United Artists Pink Panther Ad Nauseum series. Maybe if everyone
stays away we can kill this monster.
For mystery fans there is the Seven Per
Cent Solution coming to the Park Cinema
Christmas week. It's a Sherlock Holmes
story based on a posthumous memoir of Dr.
Watson, which was actually a best selling
novel written by Nicholas Mayer and
published last year.
Other major films opening during the last
days of December are: Sex Can Be Funny,
directed by Dino Risi and starring Gian-
carlo Gianninni, Peter Bogdanovich's
Nickleodeon, Sounder Pt.H (oh God!) and
Clint Eastwood as Dirty Harry in The Enforcer.
But I've saved the biggest, if not the best,
to last. On December 17 Dino DeLaurentiis'
new production of King Kong will have its
grand opening at the Downtown Theatre.
Nothing I or anyone else can say about
this movie will have the slightest effect on
its success. Everybody is going to see it. At
least that is what our super-tycoon is hoping
because this film has to gross at least $100
million at the box-office to break even.
Rumour has it that De Laurentiis' next
project is a $75 million remake of King Kong
vs Godzilla and will involve the actual
destruction of Tokyo.
surreal experience
Friday, December 3, 1976
Page Friday, 9 music t;, /^is&aaa
-;< Aj.
Old music lives again
An audience of surprisingly few
but very appreciative people enjoyed an hour and a half of 16th
century music last Sunday
evening. It was heard at the David
Y. H. Lui Theatre. The performing
group was a six-man ensemble of
Vancouver musicians called The
Towne Waytes.
Waytes, "ages ago, were watchmen of English cities at night
and sounded musical instruments
to mark the hour and show they
were at their duty. Their principal
instrument was the hautboy (an
eariy form of oboe) which was
particularly suitable for its rather
coarse, penetrating tone.
The Towne Waytes demonstrated that their sixteenth century
counterparts also played other
instruments, e.g., the sackbut,
recorder, krummhorn, stringed
instruments, and that they sang.
Furthermore, the musical aspects
of their duties evolved separately
into becoming an institution which
lasted for hundreds of years —
right up to the 20th century.
The quality of The Town Waytes'
demonstration ranged from
somewhat tenuous and ragged to
extremely tight, enthusiastic,
thoroughly enjoyable playing.
David Skulski's well-spoken,
pleasant and informative commentary could not have been more
welcome nor illuminating. The
evening also lent itself to the occasional touch of levity.
The first half of the programme
was devoted mainly to music from
16th century continental Europe.
From Ludwig Sennfl's Mit Lust
tritt ich an diesen Tanz (demonstrating considerably more instrumental expertise than vocal),
to the same composer's die
Brunnlein, die da fliessen, a
variety of textures, tempos and
timbres were exploited.
This was the most uneven half of
the concert from a performance
The Heritage Crafts Guild is
presenting a Christmas Crafts Fair
from Dec. 5-9 at the Peter Pan
Ballroom, 1636 West Broadway, 11
a.m. to 9 p.m. daily. You'll find a
wide selection of top quality goods
including pottery, macrame,
leather work, weaving and wooden
toys. Live folk and jazz music
featuring some of Vancouver's
finest musicians will be presented
each evening. Donation at the door.
Another crafts fair will be held at
the VECC, 1895 Venables by the
Circle Craft Co-operative from
Dec. 3-9. The booths at this fair will
be changed every week, giving you
a wide selection from which to
choose. There'll be a Children's
Day on Saturday, Dec. 11 providing
a special time for children to visit
the market and to do their own
Jingle Bell Jungle, Evelyn Roth
and Sharon Halfnight, is at the
Burnaby Art Gallery. This exhibit
includes a three-dimensional maze
of crocheted netting that you are
eagerly invited to explore and a 40-
foot reclining Santa that you can
crawl through, as well as a host of
slides, bells and banners. After
you've explored the gallery you
can stroll around the lake or
perhaps visit another crafts fair in
the nearby arts and crafts
building. The gallery is at Canada
Way and Sperling South.
Noel is a musical rock fantasy by
Marek Norman which will be held
at Christ Church Cathedral Dec. 7-
11 at 8:00 p.m. This production will
feature a 150-voice choir with a 45-
piece orchestra. Admission is $3.00
with proceeds donated to the
Empty Stocking Fund.
The Stars of Mauna Kea, at the
planetarium, tells of how and why
Canada, France and the University
of Hawaii are developing a major
observatory on the summit of
Nauna Kea. There will be no
special Christmas planetarium
show this year. At the Centennial
Museum is a special display of
British Columbia Indian Artists at
Work, a collection of photographs
by Ulliz Stelzer showing 100 native
artists using traditional tools,
materials and designs. Films this
month include Let It Be, The Music
Man, The Christmas Martian,
Yellow Submarine, I'm No Angel
with Mae West, and Dance Girl
Dance which was Lucille Ball's
first film. All films are shown in
the auditorium at the museum
complex. For more information
call 736-4431.
As this is the last Vista column
for this year it is rather difficult to
cover   an   entire   month's   hap
penings, so if you consult your copy
of Leisure in the Sun, or Time Out
in the Georgia Strait you should be
able to find plenty of things to keep
you on or off the streets.
Have a good vacation!
at crafts fair
in Books
Theatre, Film,
The Performing Arts.
4395 W. 10th Ave,
Open rehearsal
in old Auditorium
Tues. Dec. 7-8p.m.
Sponsored bv
point of view. It was all polyphonic
music, often with treacherous
syncopations which in some
numbers proved tricky to control
and co-ordinate. Another piece had
unwieldy passages for the sackbuts
(trombones) which were not accurately rendered. In vocal
numbers, the voices were often
overpowered, the fault being the
general weakness of the voices
(Colin Miles' being the notable
exception). However, in other
pieces   everything   was   up   to
scratch and sounded bright,
polished and full of life.
Across the Channel to England
and her music for the second half
of the programme. The quality of
performance here was much more
even — all these works were
executed with much greater
dexterity and precision. Dazzling
shawm solos by David Skulski are
worthy of special mention.
The intention of The Towne
Waytes is a commendable one: the
presentation of a wide variety of
music, authentically rendered on
replicas of period instruments. The
music comes from an age when
Intellect served Expression and
that which was expressed was not
as intense and convoluted as the
musical yield of subsequent centuries.
The public is strongly advised to
watch for and attend future concerts by the same group. A musical
evening could seldom be more
Kazuyoshi Akiyama, Music Director
Great Contposers
Subscribe Now and enjoy 5 fabulous concerts with
world-renowned soloist stars performing the
Music of the Masters
Hear BRAHMS Symphony No. 1, BERLIOZ Symphonie Fantastique,
SCHUMANN Piano Concerto in A Minor, TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 5,
HAYDN's "London Symphony" and more!
Great Artists
CLAUDIO ARRAU "Giant of the Concert stage" plays BRAHMS
TEIKO MAEHASHI "Violinist Extraordinaire" performs WIENIAWSKI
ROBERT SILVERMAN "Master Pianist" solos with the
JOHN OGDON "Britain's leading pianist" plays TCHAIKOVSKY
LORIN HOLLANDER "Keyboard Virtuoso" performs PROKOFIEV
Great Gift
This Christmas, give the "Great Composers" to someone special!
Call 689-1411 for a brochure with complete program information
SUBSCRIBE NOW and pay as little as $2.70 per concert;
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5-Concert Series prices: $13.50 $17.50  $23.50  $27.00
Student/GIS Senior Discount: $9.00   $11.50 $15.50   $18.00
Concerts run January 10
through May 11
TICKETS: Vancouver Ticket Centre and outlets
Eatons (call 683-3255 to Charge)
Sponsored by CHQM
Page Friday, 10
Friday, December 3, 1976 Friday, December 3, 1976
Page 19
Be prepared to get less—Kenny
From page 1
My personal desire is to keep any
increase in tuition fees consistent
with maintaining the quality pf
Kenny, who invoked a section of
the Universities Act to call the
meeting, said, "I feel I have a
responsibility to communicate
with faculty — and that includes
students — about important
financial affairs.
"This university faces a
challenge. We are confronted with
a situation of many serious fiscal
and financial issues."
But Kenny refused to release a
copy of his speech to The Ubyssey
saying: "This was a matter
between me and the faculties."
Three other lecture halls in IRC
were booked to accommodate the
overflow from IRC 2 where Kenny
spoke and television  monitors
From page 4
looked up, but
there was nobody there. Then she
looked down, and saw that it was
Ralph Maurer, the Argentinian
diplomat and punltlons manufacturer.
They chatted, and shortly were
joined by Jan Nicol, the copper heiress,
Heather Walker, of the Walkers of
Frank's Bar and Grill, Tom Barnes, the
cattle king, and Marcus Gee, the
horseshoe magnate.
After a time they were pried apart
by Col. Douglas Rushton, late of the
24th Mounted Foot, Doug Field, the
talk-show host and Matt King, the
blancmange tycoon.
At this they laughed, In that
affected, braying tone, rather like a
klaxon, that was so much in vogue at
the time. They they retired to the
ship's lounge to chat about the
incident over a gin and tonic.
"-Are you sure you want just one gin
and tonic?" asked the jovial bartender,
Kathy Ford. Fortunately, no one
answered, and it turned out to be her
only line.
Deryl Mogg, the International dog
fancier (who occasionally took a shine
to gerbils as well) glanced out the
window. "That seems like a heavy
fog," said Mogg.
Paul Wilson laughed at the pun, but
then he would. Steve Howard, the
ship's chief engineer, overheard the
remark and hastended to reassure the
"It's yust a leedel mist," he said
yovially. "Ya, it's nothing for you
yentlemen to yump Up and down
"Well said, Howard!" chimed in
Michael Bocking, the ship's mate, who
alone knew how hard Howard had
hobbled to hide his Haitian haccent.
Howard smiled and doffed his ponytail
Suddenly a hush fell over the group,
ruining  Ted   Davis'  sharp new  haircut
completely. All heads in the room
turned as a striking couple entered.
He was as straight and tall as a
Newfoundland oak, she as soft and
svelte as a Patagonlan juniper. As they
crossed the glass dance floor their feet
didn't touch the floor, although their
hands must have been filthy. With
matching glares that were at once
searing and frigid, piercing and blunt,
omniscient and myopic, they surveyed
the tableau before them.
They were.Charlie Micallef and Sue
Vohanka. Nobody had ever seen them
in person before. In fact, nobody had
every heard of them. Someone threw a
gin and tonic at them and the speil was
Soon enough the lights were turned
up and the glass ball began to revolve.
A Levantine with smooth hair and
kinky voice stepped up to a
microphone on the stage.
"Good evening ladies and
gentlemen," he oozed. "Welcome once
again to the Starlight Scoop Room.
Ah, there'll be dining and dancing
tonight to the strains of the strings and
the belches of the brass of Mike Miller
and the Pfage Pfriday Pflve, pfeaturing
David Morton on tuba, Robert Jordan
on flugelhorn, Gray Kyles on tenor
locust, Judith Ince on viola, Richard
Currie on veronica and Verne
McDonald on opium. I'm Greg Strong,
but I'll take a bath tonight. Stay with
us while we hear the vocal stylings of
Bruce Baugh, Will Wheeler, Sucha
Singh, Lambert Loh, and Eva Flynn,
singing their smash recording hit,
Which One of Us Doesn't Belong in
this Group? followed by HOw Can I
Miss You if You Won't Go Away?"
While the elite black-bottomed the
night away, it was a different story In
the hold below. Silhouetted by the
flames from the coal doors of the
mighty steam turbines, Dave Fraser,
Jon Stewart, Greg Steer, Dave
Wilkinson and Bill Tieleman stoked the
fires     that     powered     S.S.     Ubyssey,
Hockey Stick Sale!
peddlerj       Hockey
^£2«     Specialists
620 E. Broadway - 874-8611
3771 W. 10th - 224-3536
Members & Guests:-
8:00 til 1:00
powered the lights that revealed
socialite George Baugh's hickeys to
aspiring shepherd Doug McMullIn,
powered the teletype with which radio
operator Vicki Booth played long
distance snakes and adders with Arnie
Banham In Pango Pango, powered the
Strang mechlca! device with which
Shelley Roberts performed even
stranger acts upon Simon Warner.
"Shovel that coal, ye swabs,"
barked Joanna Moss, slashing Lindsay
Corbett and E. L. Green with her
swagger stick. "Why do they call It a
swagger stick?" asked Ian Morton, to
Continued on page 21
would have broadcast the speech to
the other halls. But the audience
barely filled IRC 2. Few student
representatives were in evidence.
Kenny produced figures showing
UBC received an increase of 28 per
cent in its 1975-76 operating grant
and an increase of only eight per
cent this year.
The reduced size of the increase
in the provincial government grant
has forced UBC to cut $1.8 million
from its budget this year and make
some cutbacks.
"This, for me, has been a very
sobering experience," he said.
And UBC's faculty deans have
been asked to prepare contingency
plans for an even worse year in
Kenny said all faculties must
decide whether they can cut
courses to save money.
"We must consider our internal
priorities. We must take a close
look at whether some programs
should not be phased out and the
money reshuffled to other
Kenny said the government's
decision todoublethe size of UBC's
medical school appears to contradict its policy of restraint for
universities and colleges.
"We have been aware of the
apparent contradiction in the
government's policy of expanding
one part of the university and
exercising restraint on the other."
But Kenny said he has received a
guarantee from the government
that the increased operating
money needed for the medical
school expansion will not harm
other areas of the university
Several professors suggested the
university must prove its worth to
the public to put pressure on the
government to maintain adequate
"The publicity the university
gets is poor and perhaps we should
sell ourselves better," one said.
Kenny partly agreed: "It may
well be necessary to present the
university's position in the public
He said the public is questioning
the value of post-secondary
education in a time of economic
1110 Seymour St.
UNTIL DEC. 20, 1976
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ONLY *399"
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2803 W. Broadway (at MacDonald) 736-7771 Page 20
Friday, December 3, 1976
Heaven knows, it's hard enough
to find a style you feel
comfortable with. Much less
a store that sells that style,
in your size.
That's where we come in.
And why you should.
Bootlegger stores are easy to
find. But don't look for yellow
brick roads. Neon signs. Oi
pearly gates. Because our
stores look a lot like the
clothes we sell. No flashy
tricks. Just a convenient,
comfortable place to
buy fashion.
It's a cozy place.
With warm cedar
floors Nice music. And
a tremendous selection
of fashion basics, from
jeans and T-shirts to
sweaters and suits. All
from quality
manufacturers like
Wranqler BIG
9   BLUE
If you look at the clothes racks
closely, you'll find that we
put men's and women's
clothes on different
coloured hangers.
Dark for men. And
ight for women.
So you'll know
where to look for your clothes.
And the opposite sex.
Bootlegger salespeople are not
there to sell. But to help you
buy. So when you find something you like, just ask one
of them to find it in your
size. And if you've got a
question about what's new,
or what's coming in,
they're the right people
to ask.
Now a few words about
Bootlegger Store
For your convenience, all Bootlegger
stores have sample pant racks. So you can
take a look at the complete selection of styles
and colours, without wading through every item
in the store.
Free Alterations.
At last. The end of
jeans that are just a
touch too short. Or long.
Or tight. Or loose. And
it's free. So you end up
with clothes that not
only fit the way you live,
but fit your body, too.
Hassle Free Refunds".
Let's face it, we all make
mistakes. Maybe you've just
changed your mind. Or bought
something for someone who
already had one.Well, just bring
it back within 15 days, with the
sales receipt. We'll give you a
refund or exchange with no pouting.
No making faces. No hassles.
Plastic Money Accepted.
We welcome Master Charge
and Chargex. And of course, cold cash.
So if you've had a devil of a time finding
clothes you like, with a fit you feel good in,
come into Bootlegger.
We've got all shapes and sizes, for all shapes and sizes.
23 stores throughout British Columbia.
niiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinir Friday, December 3, 1976
Page 21
From page 19
which Paul Vanderham replied, "That's
what happens if you try to lean on It."
"It's an old gag but a new shtlck,"
said Les Wiseman.
In sick bay Herman Bakvis.awoke
with a start. "We're sinking!" he
shouted. "He's delirious," said nurse
Geof Wheelwright, "Or at least, mildly
But Deb van der Gracht wasn't so
sure. "Vat are ve sinking about?"
Unaware of either the gaiety on the
upper deck or the suffering in the hold,
Aubrey Holmes was concerned with a
pain amidships. He was a stowaway in
the forward lifeboat, along with Steve
Morris, Maureen Curtis, Craig
McConnell and Dave Hancock, all them
penniless priests on their way to a
seminal conference of Jesuit
The weather had taken a turn for
the worse, at about the same time that
Ryon Guedes, Jerry Eberts and Brad
Nelson took a turn for the nurse, who
bore a strange resemblance to Judy
Mah but was In fact a strange Ellen
As the ship pitched and Jean
Randall yawed, the third class
passengers in the belly of the Ubyssey
grew frantic. Afraid to descend further
into the hold, and barred from the
upper decks, Nancy Southam, Bruce
Constantlneau, Amanda King, Ian
Mackenzie and Bob Krieger began to
feel like Christian Scientists with
"We'll nae mair see fair Scotland
nae nalr," said Gordon Robertson,
throwing his arm around the wee
redhead by his side. "Up your kilt with
a brass brush," replied Candy Matwiv.
Maureen Lundell, Guy Robertson,
Lawrle McMahen and Ian Currie,
bright-eyed youngsters all, tired of
their childish games of hopscotch and
seven-come-eleven, and went outside to
"Man overboard!" screamed Tobias
Fisher, and John Cartwright and Paul
Hodgins sprang into action. "Who was
It?" they asked In unison.
"Wade Nott!" came the answer.
"Well, they were probably going to
swim," Rod chanted.
Politics dictate
From page 3
hope they  will  carry out  party
doctrine. After all we are not living
in a Utopia.
Ex-councillor Betty McClurg
said in a telephone interview
Monday, "I took it for granted that
I would not be reappointed by the
Socreds because I was an NDP
member; this is only natural."
Council appointments are
political appointments, and are
accepted as such. Why is it that the
council members still labor under
the illusion that they are chosen
because of their "different
In an interview two weeks ago
Dudley     Pritchard,     Kelowna
Exam jitters
less severe
From page 3
work each day, said he
never sees physically active people
coming to (he health service centre
vvith anxiety or personality
"Maybe it's just their nature
perhaps they're less sensitive or
something. But they can vent their
hostilities and frustrations
physically and I'm sure that helps
a great deal."
Johnson feels the health centre
performs a valuable service. "If
we weren't here, the students who
live in residence wouldn't have
easy access to medical care.
"And we have special clinics for
students. These are dermatology,
orthopedics, ear, nose and throat,
eye, and gynecology. Specialists
come and attend to students.
"This is far more efficient and
convenient than if students had to
see specialists off-campus.
"One final thing: I don't know if
people realize this, but the
university pays the $4 a day
charged by hospitals. So students
don't have to pay this, as they
would if they were in hospital off-
3211 W. Broadway
resident and personal friend of
premier Bill Bennett said, "The
council is made up of people from
tremendously varied backgrounds
that have been successful in their
"I wouldn't say my party affiliation affected my nomination to
the council," he said. "It could
have but I don't think it did."
Pritchard is a member of the
Social Credit party.
The present council members
have obviously been successful.
But their backgrounds are not
sufficiently different for them to
supply the variety of ideas the
council must have if it is to func ion
But Jackie Landry, Steve McClure
and Peter van der Gracht knew what to
do. They moved into Wade's room.
Before the situation exploded,
Captain Mark Buckshon and Second
Make Ken Pontlfex (who was soon to
change his name to Fred Pontlfex)
appeared in the hatchway.
"If you think this is bad, wait till
we leave the quay," snarled Buckshon,
mispronouncing the last word. But
when Perry Keller, Don Chang, Len
Mackave and Jim the might Quinn
pointed out that the ship was halfway
to the Canaries, the crew quailed, the
passengers paled, and Irene Wasllewski
and Mark Sasges searched desperately
for alliterative and rhyming adjectives,
so as not to be left behind.
Jock Finlayson was chatting
amiably with John Ince on the
bowsprit when they struck. Two-thirds
hidden by the sea, the only warning
the great berg gave was a booming,
"Didja hear the one about
McKItka . . ."
Three weeks later, Shane McCune
was sitting in a bar on the waterfront
when the news came that the S.S.
Ubyssey . had foundered on Chris
All hands, and most of the feet,
were lost.
"I guessh it wuz Godsh will," said
McCune. "That I came In here when I
did, an' fergot to board the Ill-fated
No one corrected him.
C; »&S/Irr1£l } ~J*>i*aance Keitaurant I gM -1 £
'§ ^^ F K^'OPEN FOR LUNCH 11:30 1251 f ^ST. §
C J DINNER FROM 6:00 6843043 %
grin bin
Largest Selection
of posters in B.C.
Photo Blow-ups
from negs and prints,
jokes, gifts, etc.
3209 W. Broadway
(opposite Super-Valu)
Create an original
in the darkroom
with Durst colour
The darkroom has always been where the real creativity
in photography takes place. With a Durst Enlarger,
Colour Head and a Colorneg Analyzer, any home darkroom enthusiast can experience the ultimate thrill of
creating a colour enlargement. Making careful adjustments in filtration to get exactly the hues you had in
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exploring the boundless experimental possibilities that colour
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Durst has a complete line of
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There's one to suit your degree
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For a free copy of our "Nine
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write to:
Braun Electric Canada Ltd.
3269 American Dr.,
Mississauga, Ont.    L4V1B9
Branch Offices   Montreal, Vancouver
Durst M601 with
optional CLS-66
Colour Head gives
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colour enlarger with
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4538 W. 10th AVE.
2912 W. Broadway     736-3461
Available at all six
Main Store:
2170 W. 41 st Avenue 263-3221
665 W. Broadway
872-5177 Pag* 22
Friday, December 3, 1976
' ' ' '.t<*j&r„ / i ■*&   }&£■} ,
'Tween classes
Funeral  — last respects for science
fiction, noon, SUB 211.
Bible study, noon, SUB 212A.
Exhibition      of      photographs,
sculptures and modular paintings, to
Dec.  10,  11:30 a.m. to  2:30  p.m.,
SUB art gallery.
Swimming party at Lord Byng pool,
details at VOC clubroom.
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
General meeting, noon, SUB 213.
Discussion of cabin over Christmas,
noon, Angus 110.
Speaker professor Terry McGee, on
urban poor in Southeast Asia, noon,
Bu. 217.
Christmas party with Patric Wedd,
harpsichordist,     and     Roy    Nurse,
Open meeting, discussions
concerning impact of Parti
Quebecois victory on confederation,
government spending, noon, SUB
Practice    4:30   -   6:30   p.m.,   SUB
party room.
Cliff   Scotten   speaks,   noon,   SUB
Information-recruitment   session,   8
p.m., International House 402.
LSM and CCCM pot luck supper
and advent service with Jim Wolfe,
6 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Discussion  on   Eckankar  — Key to
the    Secret    Worlds,    noon,    SUB
Practice,   4:30  to  6:30  p.m.,   SUB
Party room.
Christmas Dance: Full facilities plus
free buffet and disco, admission 50
cents. 8 p.m. to 1 a.m., grad centre
Speaker: Roger Gaudrey, former
chairman, Science Council of
Canada, on science policy and the
future of research in Canada, 8:15
p.m., IRC 2.
Christmas concert with orchestra,
Mozart Cornonation Mass, 3 p.m.,
Epiphany Chapel, 6050 Chancellor
Worship and film, Many Different
Gifts, 10:30 a.m. at the Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Foam Chair
Open Six Days a Week
9 a.m.-5:30 P.M.
United Foam 1976 Ltd.
3696 W. 4th
Big or Small Jobs
West 2nd & Larch
The Rev. Bruce Gifford
8:00 a.m.
10:30 a.m.
7:30 p.m.
The best offer ever
on our best cameras ever.
plus j
1 Nikon
Owner's Course
Top flight professionals show
how to get the most out of
your camera. Learn things
you'll rush out to try. $10
value, at no charge.
Chrome Model c/w 50 mm F2 Lens.
A fine camera from Nikon at a price you can
afford. Easy to use — we can teach you to
take sharp well-exposed pictures in just five
3. Montreal
See the '76 Olympics all
over in the 96 pages of this
beautiful 8x10% inch book.
Spectacular photographs of
Olympic heroes like Nadia
Comaneci, Bruce Jenner,
Kornelia Ender, Greg Joy
and Lasse Viren. Sixty-four
pages in full colour. A $4.95
value, at no charge.
2. Nikon Soft
Shoulder Dog
A handsome, lightweight carryall
(or camera, lenses, accessories and
film. $21.95 suggested list price, at
no charge.
13 ig
S Call 228-9512/9513 13
13 13
H 4510 W. 10th Ave., Open 7 Days a Week 4 p.m.-2 a.m. j|
3644 WEST 4th AVE., AT ALMA
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial - 3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S. U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
Tuesday, December 7 at
8:00 p.m.
at the
General $4.00 — Students $3.00
10 —For Sale — Commercial
51 gift suggestions including skates,
ski-wear, track suits, hiking boots,
soccer & hockey equipment, rugby
shirts, racquets of all kinds, etc.,
etc. All at reduced prices.
Open 10:00 a.m.
3616 West 4th  Ave.
35 — Lost
MISSING INDIAN knit touque from
S.U.B. Wednesday. Please take to
S.U.B.  lost and found.
40 — Messages '
WINNIE THE POOH: We miss you.
please come home. Love and kisses,
The Boys From S6B: Jim, Mike, Dennis, Doug, Bob and Dave. P.S. We
want Roo back too.
MANY THANKS to all old hacks, new
hacks, office staff and Prince George
Mafia for a wonderful first of December party.
65 — Scandals
food at reasonable prices, there will
be a membership and information
meeting of Kitsilano Food Co-op
about the opening of its store: Kitsilano Public Library, Dec. 6 7 p.m.
Please come.
11 — For Sale — Private
ONE WAY air ticket to London for
any female looking 22 yrs. or under.
Good until June 6, '76. $150. Barb,
FOR SALE—Two return tickets to Toronto Dec. 22nd. Student flight. Call
734-1055 after 5 p.m.
SKIS Metallic 82", wooden 88". Poles
54" and 48". Boots 9 and 5V4. Very
low prices. 733-9588.
MINOLTA SRT 101 with two Rokkor
lenses, 50 mm fl.4 and 200 mm f-4
plus cases.  All brand new.  224-6923.
Christmas treat, c/w demand, mask,
pressure guage. Perfect, used twice.
$300. Leave message anytime. Derek,
20 — Housing
JOIN A FRATERNITY and live on campus. Kappa Sigma Fraternity has
rooms available January 1st for prospective members. Preference given to
first-second year. Drop by 2280 Wesbrook, phone 224-9679.
PRIV. BEDROOM in self-cont. furnished
suite. 10 min. by car from UBC. Share
kltch., L.R. and bathroom with 2
other males. $80 per month incl.
elec,  phone,  laundry.  261-6744 eves.
WANTED ROOM MATE. Share 2 bdrm.
apt., fully furnished, $126. 1315 West
llth Ave. John, 734-3158.
QUIET NICE ROOM $50. Area 23rd
MacDonald to reliable student. Breakfast, laundry extra. 244-1527.
ROOM AND BOARD in exchange for
light dutie*. Ideal for study. Male
pfd. 224-1527.
POTTERY SALE — Original pots by
Hastings. Dec. 2-3, 6:30-10 p.m.; Dec.
4-5, 11 a.m.-5 p.m. 7120 Maple (near
70 — Services
NEED HELP for the Christmas Exams?
If you are having problems in any
1st or 2nd year math courses, call
Murray  at 942-4968.   $4.00  per hour.
PIANO TUNING — Expert tuning and
repairs to all makes. Reduced rates
to students. Call Dallas Hinton 266-
8123 anytime.
80 — Tutoring
TUTOR NEEDED for computer science,
call 669-2073.
85 — Typing
accurate typing in West Vancouver
home. 922-4443. Reasonable rates.
PROFESSIONAL typing on IBM cor-
rectuig typewriter by experienced
secretary.   Reasonable.   224-1567.
CAMPUS DROP OFF for fast accurate
typing. 731-1807, 11:00 a.m.-9:00 p.m.
Good rates.
FAST,   EFFICIENT   TYPING   near  41st
and Marine.  266-5053.
90 - Wanted
Rent cabin day/week.  732-0174 eves.
99 — Miscellaneous
THE ORGAN, a new magazine. In issue
No. 1; Poetry by Joy Kogawa, David
McFadden, Margaret Randall. A left
symposium on Cy Gonick's "Inflation
of Depression". "Narative Writing for
Children". $3.00 for issue No. 1 (out
now) $5.50 for first two issues. Send
cheque or money order to: The Organ, c/o L. Mundwiler, 1-269 Church
Ave., Winnipeg, Man. Contributors:
Please see editorial guidelines in
first issue. Submissions must be accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed envelope. Friday, December 3, 1976
Page 23
AIB reviews AUCE increase
From page 1
new contract made them anxious
to support the CLC's Oct. 14 day of
Andress said the union wanted a
minimum wage increase offer of
$120 per month, in order to raise
the wages of the lowest paid
workers, many of whom are in food
services. But they were unable to
get this.
The Association of University
and College Employees, local 1,
after striking for seven days last
December, signed a contract
giving them a 19 per cent increase
in wages. The union represents
1300 library and clerical workers,
mostly women.
However, although AUCE's
previous contract had expired
before the formation of the AIB,
the AIB ruled that its guidelines
were in effect for the new contract.
The AIB meets today in Ottawa to
decide whether to roll back any of
the 19 per cent wage increase.
AUCE has applied to have the
contract exempted from the AIB
guidelines because it claims its
predominantly female staff are
victims of sex discrimination on
If any of the 19 per cent wage
increase is rolled back, it will effect the contract AUCE is now
negotiating,  and which has just
UBC curlers
play in bonspiel
The UBC curling club had two
entries in this weekend's Pacific
Coast Ladies' Open Bonspiel.
The Gold team skipped by Laurie
Thane, won three and lost two,
making it into the semi-finals of D
event. They were prevented from
progressing to the finals by losing
84 to Lou Logan of Burnaby.
The Blues, skipped by Sheila
Wells, won two games and lost
three, stopping just short of the
finals in the quarter finals of C. In
their last game they were crushed
in a 12-3 disaster by Noel Morrow
of White Rock.
The Pacific Coast Bonspiel, in its
second year, was founded by
Marjorie Kerr, who with her
husband Charlie, coaches UBC
gone to mediation with Jock
Waterston. The new contract
comes under the second year
guidelines of the AIB, which are
stricter than the first year
AUCE members think the AIB
will perpetuate the difference
between the amount they are paid
and the amount CUPE workers of
the same job description are paid.
An AUCE grade 1 assistant
technician is paid $760 a month,
$191 a month less than the CUPE
AUCE claims this difference will
rise to $216 if the union is forced to
accept the administration's six per
cent wage increase offer. Part of
the problem is that AUCE came
under the AIB guidelines six
months earlier than CUPE did.
AUCE wants to make up the $191
difference in this year's contract.
But the administration says its
ability to pay is limited by the AIB
and the university budget. Bob
Grant, director of employee
relations, has said the administration not only has to hold
costs down, but has to reduce
AUCE was certified in early 1973
and by Oct. 1975 clerical workers
made $706 a month, while their
CUPE counterparts, locked into a
two-year contract, made $556 a
month and were offered $654 a
month. CUPE made up the difference and more with large wage
increases in the 1974 and 1975
contract years.
The administration has the
advantage in wage negotiations
because of the AIB guidelines, and
is pressing for the advantage in
non-wage issues also. This is
especially true when the administration is threatened with
budget restrictions.
AUCE claims in a newsletter
that the administration is trying to
weaken the protection given
workers in the grievance
procedure. It claims the administration wants to reduce
grievance procedure standards to
the lowest level permitted by the
B.C. Labor Code.
AUCE president Ian MacKenzie
went to the AUCE grievance
committee about his application
for a different job at the main
library after his former job was
Match box
Capilano   College   at   UBC   (JV),   6
p.m.,    Gym   A;   Vancouver   As   at
UBC,     8:30    p.m.,    War    Memorial
Capilano   College   at   UBC   (JV),   8
p.m., Gym A.
Dover   Olympics   at   UBC,   2   p.m.,
Thunderbird Stadium.
Meralomas     at      UBC,      10     a.m.,
Spencer   Field;   Mohawks   at   UBC
(JV), 2:30 p.m., Spencer Field.
UBC       Invitational      Volleyball
Tournament, all day, War Memorial
UBC    Invitational   Tournament,   all
day, Memorial Gym.
Edmonds at UBC, 11 a.m., Mclnnes
DEC. 11
Japan   high  school  team at   Mission
against  UBC   (JV), 2 p.m.,  Mission
UBC      cross     country     team      at
Sweeney's   meet,   1   p.m.,   Brockton
UBC  at   IODE,  2  p.m.,  IODE field.
DEC. 29
Pacific University at UBC, 8:30
p.m., War Memorial Gym.
DEC. 30
Pacific University at UBC, 8:30
p.m., War Memorial Gym.
JAN. 1
Thunderette Invitational Basketball
Tournament, all day, War Memorial
JAN. 2
Thunderette Invitational Basketball
Tournament, all day, War Memorial
terminated. The union claims
MacKenzie did not get the job
because of his position in the union.
The administration maintained
there was no discrimination
against him, and eventually gave
him the job.
Citing this case, the union claims
the administration senselessly
protracts grievances. AUCE is
currently in arbitration on job
AUCE supported the principle of
the Oct. 14 day of protest and also
supported its members who
walked out for the day. It said the
AIB is used to diminish the effectiveness of unions and is an
inequitable way to deal with inflation.
The Office and Technical Employees Union will possibly accept
the administration's wage offer,
which is almost the amount
allowed by the first year AIB
guidelines, union negotiator Bert
Mitchell said Monday. But he said
the union is still not satisfied with
the contract proposals for
seniority, job security, contracting
out and severence pay for
technical change.
Job security and contracting out
are important because the OTEU
is still in arbitration about six
workers who were laid off from the
physical plant design division in
January. All six men have other
jobs now, and Wes Clark, assistant
director of employee relations said
Monday two of them have been
rehired at UBC.
The OTEU wants all six men
reinstated at their jobs with full
pay for the time lost, Mitchell said.
The administration said the men
were laid off because of a lack of
funds for physical plant.
But Mitchell said there are still
many projects to be done, and no
lack of money, since physical plant
is contracting out work to architects from off campus at $50 an
hour. Hesaid the work of those who
were laid off has been taken over
by supervisory personnel.
Mitchell indicated the OTEU will
try to certify these men into the
He said the arbitrator, Queen's
Counsel Mary Southin, was not
satisfied that contracting out has
taken place, so the union will go
through   the  grievance   and   ar
bitration procedure once again.
Mitchell claims the administration
is trying to weaken the union. He
said the administration is allowing
the number of OTEU workers to
decrease through attrition.
Mitchell added the administration will not discuss
severence pay for technical
change. He said all other OTEU
contracts have this feature.
A major concern is that wage
and price controls are a precedent
which might be continued after the
expiry date in October, 1978. AUCE
claims the difference between
AUCE and CUPE wages will be
greater at the time when the AIB
guidelines are removed than it now
Union members will think they
should make up lost wages and will
demand wage increases of the
same amount as before the AIB
guidelines came into effect. As a
result, the influence of the AIB on
the size of wage increases may be
only temporary. This means the
administration must seize the
advantage in negotiations while it
Study team gets extension
The provincial government has
given a study team investigating
future development of the
University Endowment Lands a
two-month extension to complete
their report, study team member
Hayne Wai said Thursday.
The study team was originally
asked to submit its report to the
government by November 30 but
Wai said it would have been difficult to meet the deadline.
The study team is made up of
members of an independent
consulting firm hired to present a
report on various proposals for the
future of the endowment lands and
receive recommendations from
concerned groups and individuals.
Wai said the study team has not
yet received submissions from the
UBC administration or the Alma
Mater Society giving their views
for the future of the UEL.
He said community groups from
the UEL area wanted more time
spent on the report before it is sent
to the government because of the
complexity of predicting the
results of any changes in the endowment lands.
And the plans for the new UBC
teaching hospital in the area made
extension of the deadline
necessary, he said.
Wai said the UBC report on the
UEL would be presented to the
study team within the next few
The UBC report was written by a
president's ad hoc committee, and
has not yet been made public.
Student committee member Kim
Roberts said the report was well
received by the president's office
but refused to give any information
about the report's contents.
The AMS report, approved by the
student representative assembly
at its Nov. 24 meeting, proposes the
endowment lands be developed as
a park, to be as similar to a natural
forest as possible.
Wai said the study group will be
holding another public forum some
time in January on the future of the
endowment lands.
The study group will report on its
progress in examining proposals
for the development of the UEL at
the second forum.
Survey says accessibility limited
From page 3
stairways, and narrow doorways
and corridors.
War Memorial Gym and Empire
Pool arts "generally inaccessible
unless the wheelchair person has
someone to help with transport up
and down the many series of
steps," the survey said.
And it recommended disabled
people use a library other than
Happy holidays
The university, as usual, will
observe all official Christmas
season holidays.
UBC will be closed Dec. 24 to
Dec. 27 and New Year's will be a
three-day weekend — Jan. 1 to Jan.
3. But alas, all good things must
come to an end. Students once
again bury their noses in books
Jan. 4, when the second term officially begins.
Main Library, which is inadequate
because of stairways, a lack of
wheelchair washroom facilities
and only one accessible entrance
through the service door.
Even the most accessible
buildings have drawbacks, the
survey said. They include:
9 SUB, which has no washroom
facilities for the handicapped on
the second and ground floors, and
no access to the art gallery and
« the administration building,
which is accessible but lacks
adequate washroom facilities and
public telephones within reach;
e Wesbrook, which has three
accessible entrances but only one
elevator to serve all levels, and
• Henry Angus, which is accessible but lacks washrooms for
people confined to wheelchairs.
The survey said the Museum of
Anthropology is "spacious and
accessible," and the only problem
with Thunderbird Stadium is a lack
of specific areas for wheelchair
Rehabilitation medicine
professor M. R. Hood said Thursday the remaining buildings on
campus will be assessed within a
year, and added the survey results
should be distributed to students
and counsellors throughout B.C. as
a reference source.
16th and Dunbar
Open Nightly
from 8:00 p.m. to 12:00 p.m.
with live entertainment
Sunday night
open session
f Advent At The
*w^ Lutheran Campus Centre
urday, Dec. 4 — 7:30
A Pre Christmas Festival
Patric Wedd - Harpsichord
Ray Nurse — Lute
Warm Fire, Hot Drink, Good Music
Sunday, Dec.
5 - 10:30
Advent Worship
"Many Different Gifts"
Tuesday, Dec.
7 - 6:00
LSM and CCCM Pot Luck Dinner
An Advent worship service
Come to all or any of these events.
Take the worry out of
keeping warm
1. Machine Washable, fast
2. Resists lumping and shifting
thereby providing greater
3. Non-allergenic
4. Odorless
5. Easy compressibility for
packing or storage
6. Excellent resiliency
Friday, December 3, 1976
' -»; v .■■'■'<g>.i*m$,<y
*. (.y«.. ix, "s%r
'7\    *"\    'iirik     '£.££1
m   &Jt   40   y* tr.:: ,
*        SK      p, . • f».   { *
,     §    V   ti   V ^ ^'      ►    ►    »    .     .
AT    LESS    THAN    0.1%    TOTAL    DISTORTION.
©YAMAHA .,,„,,„,v !wur^
master charge
Open Thursday and Friday until 9 P.M.


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