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The Ubyssey Mar 18, 1975

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Array Fleming 'flips' on ed
Five research and development
officers were told only five weeks
before they were fired that their
jobs were secure, minutes of
meetings between the research
staff and deputy minister Jack
Fleming show.
The minutes, obtained by The
Ubyssey, show Fleming told the
staff they would not be fired.
He also'praised their work in two
sets of minutes, written by the
research and development staff
following meetings on Jan. 21 and
22, which were called after division
head Stanley Knight was fired.
"The deputy minister assured
the staff that no one had objected to
the quantity or the quality of the
work," minutes of a Jan. 21
meeting in Fleming's office say.
"He stated that the work was
very good, both in quantity and
quality and that he recognized that
such work was the most difficult
thing that any department can do."
The five researchers — Ken
Novakowski, Jack Hutton,
Marguerite Ford,  Jean Burgess
and George Smith — actually were
fired Feb. 27, despite Fleming's
Novakowski and Hutton have
since decided to appeal their
dismissals while the other three
have taken their case to the public.
They have said repeatedly both
education minister Eileen Dailly
and Fleming have lost control of
the department. Instead, they
claim, Socred bureaucrats control
the department, often working to
subvert what few policies Dailly
brings forward.
Vol. LVI, No. 63 VANCOUVER, B.C., TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1975     «*T.
Minutes of the closed meeting
show they made this claim when
still employed by the government.
"A staff member suggested that
there was a policy conflict and that
traditional people who work in the
department are not sympathetic to
the policy of the government," the
minutes say.
And in reply, Fleming
acknowledged a split in the
department and said he held
himself responsible, in part, for
this split.
"The deputy minister stated that
it was his failure as well as anyone
else's failure that a model has not
yet been developed in the department," the minutes say. "The
deputy minister said that this
comment should be taken as him
speaking personally, not in his role
as.deputy minister."
"The deputy minister stated that
there were serious organizational
problems in the department," the
minutes-say at another point.
"The number one problem was
to define the role of research and
development in relation to the*
The minutes also reveal a good
deal about the way Fleming runs
the department.
He is shown as continually
threatening the staff members
with dismissal if they made that or
any other meeting public.
This came up when the staff
members said they had voted
unanimously to ask Dailly to
review Knight's firing.
"The deputy minister warned
that the staff had better resign if it
intended to go outside (the meeting
room) to say it would appeal the
decision to the minister.
"A staff member suggested that
the deputy minister was saying
that would be grounds for firing.
Another staff member asked if the
See page 12: FLEMING
Led Zeppelin concert on
The Led Zeppelin concert will be
held as scheduled March 19 and 20
since the promoter has withdrawn
its advertising from strikebound
radio CKLG, it was announced
The concert now will be
presented by the promoter, Concerts West, and the striking
workers at CKLG.
Threats by the Canadian Union
of Public Employees to refuse to
service the concert at the Pacific
National Exhibition had led to
doubts the concert would go ahead.
CUPE local 1004 at the PNE and
two other unions involved would
have boycotted the concert if
CUPE local 686, representing the
CKLG strikers, had so. wished,
spokesmen said.	
But CUPE spokesman Ole
Johnson said Monday the concert
is "definitely on."
"We felt it was in the best public
interest to allow the concert to be
held," he said. "We aren't in-
tertested in hurting the over 20,000
people who have already bought
Johnson said CUPE decided to
let the concert proceed after
Concerts West promoter Tom
Hulett agreed with the PNE
workers and CKLG strikers to
remove concert ads from CKLG.
Richard Hughes, business agent
for CUPE local 686 representing
the CKLG strikers, said Monday
,.the local had reached a definitive
agreement with Concerts West.
"They (Concerts West) have
disengaged all conjunction with
CKLG," he said. "They took back
all promotional ties and withdrew
all advertising from the station."'
Johnson said CUPE has agreed
with PNE management that all
future PNE contracts will contain
a rider that all promotion and
-advertising on CKLG must be
approved by the PNE. The rider
will be in effect till the CKLG strike
is settled.
"The PNE will not accommodate
anyone who does not commit
themselves to not advertising on
radio CKLG," he said.
"We feel we have won from this
thing. We have got advertisers off
—matt king photo
UBC FIREMEN'S strike will conveniently end anytime there's a fire or
emergency ambulance call. See story on page 8.
Ombudsperson election
ruled invalid after appeal
The election of Eileen Brown as student ombudswoman in the Alma
Mater Society elections of Feb. 5 was ruled invalid by student court
The election was overturned by a margin of four to one after an appeal
by incumbent ombudsman Roy Sarai.
The election was ruled invalid because of the illegal candidacy of UBC
bursar and deputy president William White and because Brown was
improperly listed on the ballot as being a member of the Student Unity
AMS president Jake van der Kamp said it would be almost impossible
to hold another election for the ombudsman position before the fall and
said the position would be filled during the summer by Sarai.
Van der Kamp said a proper election could not be held for three weeks,
which would mean the election would occur during the final exams.
There is no elections committee in the AMS at present, he addedr
Sarai hsd indicated an interest in continuing as ombudsman over the
See page  5.  OMBUDS
(CKLG) and a lot of others to
reconsider their position."
PNE general manager John
Rennie said Monday the PNE will
approach local 686 to see if the
strikers approve advertising by the
PNE's clients on CKLG.
"There is no point in anyone at
the PNE advertising on CKLG
because the CUPE workers here
would boycott them," he said.
Hughes said his local's
agreement to allow the concert to
go-ahead is not a sign of weakness
by the strikers.
"This should not be considered
as a precedent," he said. "We are
still going after the people who are
still advertising on CKLG.
"It (the threat to halt the concert) was to let advertisers know
we are not fucking around. Until
management meets and negotiates
in good faith we will direct
pressure against those who continue to advertise. They (advertisers) can expect to gain the
disfavor of all labor in B.C."
Johnson said the next move
CUPE might take against CKLG
management could be to picket
businesses still advertising on the
Still advertising on CKLG are:
Kelly-Deyong-House of Stein,
Mac's Milk, The Bayshore Inn,
Brandee and Wine (clothing),
Vancouver Brake and Wheel, Low-
Cost Auto Transmission;
Lee's Transmission, Surrey Tax
Service, the federal government
(armedforces), Village Shoe Shop,
B.C. Cancer'Society;
Zodiac Cabaret, Birk's Jewelers,
Miller's Jewelers, Miller's Sound,
Dick Irwin Chevrolet, Olympic
Sports, American Motors, Coronet
Theatre, Famous Players and
Odeon theatres, Bayer aspirin;
Shell Oil, Johnson's Baby
Shampoo, Lifesavers, Dentine,
Clairol Herbal Essence Shampoo,
Seafarers Jeans, Head and
Shoulders, Busy Bee Cleaners and
Coach House cabaret.
~ .... s >
Literacy question clouded by teachers' potshots
Shortly before Christmas last year, UBC
English 100 students wrote an exam testing
basic writing skills. Abou{ 40 per cent failed.
The news provoked a blustery debate
about literacy standards in the B.C.
education system, but there were few, if
any, ready answers proferred.
What are the solutions? And just what is
the problem? Ubyssey staffer Denise Chong
here takes a long, hard look.
Discard any far-flung notion you might
have had of academics, teachers and,
theorists raising the battle cry and marching forth arm-in-arm to meet the literacy
Grade 5 peashooters made up of chewed-up
bits of paper and empty ballpoint pens
would be closer to reality.
„Amid uninformed, misinformed and
varied opinions about apparently declining
standards of literacy among today's young
people, many of those who would be
regarded as education spokesmen in this
province are too busy taking indiscriminate
potshots at each other to challenge either
problems or solutions.
The universities want to confiscate high
school diplomas because kids getting A's in
high school English can't read university
textbooks or pass university exams. The
high schools are saying to hell with
streaming, we don't exist simply to provide
good fodder for the university.
But such spin-the-bottle accusations are a
waste of effort, for the literacy problem is
not a simple one, nor is the solution obvious.
And despite certain claims to the contrary
from some representatives of the teaching
profession, the problem in all its different
conceptions cannot and should not be
dismissed as either a figment of the
imagination or the product of hastily-
reached conclusions.
The evidence suggests a problem of
alarming proportions.
In June of last year, there was the
province-wide high school English
scholarship examination. The results were
termed "catastrophic" in some quarters,
while the Vancouver School Board admitted
the failure rate was "excessive."
In January of this year, nearly 40 per cent
of first-year English students at UBC failed
a Grade 9examination in basic composition.
Embarrassing failure rates for similar tests
were reported at the University of Victoria
and the College of New Caledonia in Prince
George.      »
And since the disclosure of the UBC
disaster, eight other Canadian universities
from as far away as the University of P.E.I,
and including Queen's and the University of
Calgary engineering department have
written to the UBC English department, all
expressing faculty concern over apparent
inadequate levels of student literacy.
The question seems superfluous, yet is the
first of many stumbling blocks in setting up
a forum of constructive debate.
See page 6:   FUNCTIONAL Page 2
Tuesday, March 18, 1975
UBC library nnw;
centre goes
The library processing centre
will probably be located underground, adjacent to and north
of the main library, a library siting
committee spokesman said
The siting committee will meet
with the library's planning coordinating committee today to
present findings which stress that
the site north of the Main library is
the best location, said Ron Walls,
the lone student member.
The planning committee approved a site adjacent to SUB in
October, but Alma Mater Society
council opposed the proposal. A
brief outlining council's
grievances, in particular that
traffic to and from SUB would be
impeded, was sent to the board of
governors. The planning committee was directed to reconsider
the site, Walls said.
He said head librarian Basil
Stuart-Stubbs and other planning
committee members chose a five-
man siting committee to review six
possible sites and make a
Each of the sites was judged
according to 15 criteria, the most
important ones being campus
politics and the extent of landscape
destruction, he said.
Walls said an underground
addition to the Main library's north
end best fulfills.. the proposed
criteria since student opinion
would favor that location and
almost no destruction of green
acres or disruption of traffic flow
would occur. "That site seems
over-all to be the best choice," he
But Walls said the north end site
would not solve the long-range
space problems of the Main
library. The library will run out of
space in about 12 years unless it
expands and the proposed site
would be inexpansible, he said.
"But the site north of the Main
library is the solution to the immediate problem," he added. That
site would satisfy the library's
needs and would not offend anyone
as much as the other proposed sites
would, Walls said.
Walls said student protests had a
great effect in changing the site
from the original proposed SUB
location. AMS objections sparked a
new consideration of a site.
Physical pldnt director Neville
Smith, who chaired the siting
committee, received 194 letters
and 192 opposed the SUB site,
Walls said.
Walls said after the planning
committee decides the location the
board of governors will be approached in April and the library
processing centre could be built
within 18 months of approval.
May 21 - Aug. 27
Written applications for
membership on A.M.S.
Restructuring Committee are now
being accepted. Deadline is 3:30
p.m., Tuesday, March 24, 1975.
The aim of the committee will
be to develop a decentralized plan
for presentation to the student
body in a referendum held by
November 1, 1975. Address
Applications    to:
David Van Blarcom,
Vice-President,    .
A.M.S. Offices,
Subsidized   travel   program   open   to   all   Canadians' between
COST: $25.00 plus transportation to session location. (Program
includes return transportation, food, accomodation.)
International House - U.B.C. - 228-5021
Travel and exchange division — Secretary of State/Secretariat D'Etat
dlkks mm}®
Ideas: The spark we run on
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of basic knowledge.
Imagination steers the
Imagination is a prime source
of the new ideas Hoechst uses
constantly in order to keep
developing better products —
more effective medicines, better
chemical and industrial materials. Imagination is only half the
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employing Canadians to serve
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Canadian Hoechst Limited
4045 Cote Vertu
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Don Mills, Ontario Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Page 3
■■ \«a<w£& ■■ .*&**
? ■*»   t    i     .»-■.
Atwood: fl don't wear a sign'
Discussing a list of topics that stretched
from feminism and writing to explaining
passages she read from her new novel, poet,
novelist and critic Margaret Atwood chatted
with about 150 persons in the arts one blue
room Thursday night.
Thinner and more petite than her pictures
suggest, her tremendous wit, intellect and
vitality were clearly apparent, even though
she was obviously exhausted by a hectic day
of meetings and lectures during her tour of
Lower Mainland campuses.
The chapter she read from her still uncompleted novel dealt with the double threat
facing many young girls — the
machinations of sexual perverts and the
banality of Brownie indoctrination.
The narrator of the novel confesses that
she was so traumaticized by her mother's
warnings about strange men that she
shuddered when she heard of the "Canadian
National Exhibition."
Atwood explained that in the previous
chapter the protagonist wanted to be a
butterfly in the dance pageant, but was
given the part of a mothball.
"In the Brownies, you try to be the same
as everybody else, not better as in the dance
When later asked why she chose to depict
the narrator as fat Atwood replied, "To be
fat is to be safe for a woman. Aside from it
being painful and lonely, people leave you
alone. One of the problems with our society
is that we base all of our assumptions on
some ideal we see as the norm: The women
tortured on the covers of men's magazines
are beautiful — and this is seen as sexy. If
they were ugly it would be seen as
The Brownies, led by an ubiquitous Brown
Owl, fill the girls with platitudes such as "A
Brownie gives in to the older folk, a Brownie
does not give in to herself," and attempts to
mold them into the rigid groove of "Victorian middle class morality."
The narrator contrasts the conduct of
little boys — a power struggle — with the
conduct of little girls — "whispers and
conspiracy, no decisive acts, no knock down
blows. . . ."
"Little girls are not permitted to be
overtly aggressive and thus have to be
content with concocting labyrinth
manipulations," Atwood explained.
While the protagonist is subjected to this'
role — tailoring by Brown Owl and ignored
by her mother she is also exposed to the limp
flesh of a "flasher."
Instead of being molested, the little girl is
given a bouquet of flowers. She promptly
throws them away because she knows her
mother will not approve. The chapter
concludes with Polonious-like advice from
the group leader of the Brownies. "There is
magic in love, use it every day and see what
happens. Bullshit Brown Owl."
Later when answering questions from
members of the audience, Atwood said the
greatest problem with her success is that
"privacy and time are more difficult to
She explained she is not a feminist in the
narrow sense of the word since she does not
belong to any group and does not adhere to
any specific ideology as, "for example, do
the Brownies." On the other hand she said
she shared many of the problems other
women face.
"I don't wear a sign saying I'm a famous
writer don't bother me.
In answer to the question what advice do
you offer to aspiring women writers, she
suggests they "develop a sense of humor."
Atwood added that women writers undergo many problems not faced by their
male counterparts.
"People tend to see a famous man as a
leader, a famous woman as a witch."
She also advocated a change in critical
vocabulary, which she views as being
distinctly male.
"The term used to describe a work of
excellence is 'the work has balls,' but to
—kini  mcdonald photo
Atwood . . . peaceful gaze.
describe it as female is to put it down as
something pale, battered, feeble, silly."
Atwood said she is upset with comments
like "she thinks like a man" when her work
is praised. She said the 17th-century viewed
the act of artistic creation as a birth, while
the 20th-century sees artistic creation as
When asked the question, "Can awareness
change things?" Atwood replied that she
lacks glorious plans for mankind. She said
she is not a propagandist but a writer of
fiction. "If my works bring awareness,
good; it's nice when it happens."
She also said she plans to elaborate on her
■ thesis of Canadian criticism, survival, by
eventually adding another five chapters.
She sajd her basic premise is that we
"cannot separate what a society produces
from the society itself."
Asked if she has seen much change in
Canadian literature since the publication of
Survival she replied there has been a change
only in the mobilization of writers by the
formation of the writers' and poets' union.
Of her work and technique she said it isn't
autobiographical, but that imagery and
language, especially the sound of the words,
are most important to her.
She also told questioners that she began
writing prose and poetry simultaneously,
that a book of poetry takes her two years to
write, she doesn't like to do other reading
while writing and the influence other writers
have on her varies from year to year.
"The greatest influence was during my
apprenticeship from 16 to 26," she said.
Describing this period she said that when
she was 18 she began sending out her
material and was encouraged by her early
publications. She added this was especially
important to her since there were only a few
literary journals in Canada at the time.
She said she regretted that she could not
give the title of her work in progress since it
will be decided by her editors. She explained
that with Edible Woman the editor rejected
the original title, causing a great deal of
confusion to the people expecting the first
Asked why women novelists seem to deal
so frequently with madness — "Why is it
that when women novelists peek into a
sleeping bag they find a scorpion?" Atwood
smiled a special smile and replied,
"because there is a scorpion in the sleeping
Including F. Mahovlich, Mildred Mouse
Six candidates for arts dean
Six candidates, including "P.
Mahovlich" and "Mildred Mouse,"
have been nominated in the
alternative arts dean election, arts
undergrad society president Stew
Savard said Monday.
The candidates also include
administration president-elect
Doug Kenny, the former arts dean
who the election is designed to
replace, and conservative classics
head Malcolm McGregor, who is
running as "the people's candidate."
Leftist political science prof Phil
Resnick is contesting the election
as a right-wing candidate to
counter McGregor's encroachment
on left-wing turf.
The sixth candidate is Brian
Loomes, a former Alma Mater
Society president, now a law school
dropout and the AUS nominee.
Savard described Mahovlich as
"another left-winger" but had no
information on Mildred Mouse.
Neither Mahovlich nor Mouse
could be reached for comment
Nominations for the election, set
up to counter the secret, non-
electoral official dean selection
process, closed last Friday. The
election will be held Thursday and
Friday at the usual arts balloting
Savard called the npminated
group "a very well-rounded list of
candidates — we're very pleased
with the response."
He said he hopes for a good
turnout at the election. "There
may be a large number of voting
irregularities — stuffing of ballot
boxes by candidates — but nothing
illegal or immoral.
"Nothing a candidate for dean
wouldn't ordinarily do."
The winner's name will be taken
to the board of governors "who will
hopefully automatically ratify the
popular choice," Savard said.
Told in an interview that Savard
had filed Kenny's name for the
election, Kenny, after recovering
from laughter, said: "That's
If elected, he would give the post
"my deepest consideration." But
he noted that taking both the arts
dean position and the presidential
one "could involve a bit of a conflict of interest."
"I think the other deans would be
less than ecstatic," he said.
In a related development
Monday, Alma Mater Society
president Jake van der Kamp said
in a letter to McGregor he would be
pleased to take over as classics
head if McGregor is elected.
McGregor had promised in his
nomination letter to The Ubyssey
that he would appoint van der
Kamp, a former classics student,
to the post.
Van der Kamp thanked
McGregor for helping build a
student-run university and
promoting "the revolution."
Salisbury 'proud' of U.S. x-ray vision
U.S. newspaperman Harrison
Salisbury was accused of being a
communist during the Mc-
Carthyism period, but proved
himself a red, white and blue
American patriot during two
lectures here last week.
Salisbury, recently retired as
New York Times associate editor,
said here Saturday the U.S. has
been returning to ideals contained
in its constitution during a period
of cultural "revolution" over the
past 20 years.
Salisbury said the whole
revolutionary process, which
started with a Supreme Court
decision to desegregate the
schools, has been a nation-wide
period of political introspection.
It has led to the Watergate
scandals but will not finish there,
he said. Instead, a new
examination of the CIA and the
press itself will be a continuation of
this process.
"We are taking one pillar of our
establishment after the other and
holding them up to x-ray eye's to
see if they are functioning according to these principles (of life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness) which we really believe
in," he said.
And he said this makes him
"enormously proud of my country."
Salisbury said Friday one
process soon to be examined will
be the press itself, which has been
Arts elects AUS hacks today
More than 4,500 arts students are eligible to go to
the polls today to elect a new arts undergraduate
society president and four AUS reps for Alma Mater
Society council.
Whether any actually will is another matter. When
the AUS last had an election, in October, only 133
people cast votes and no candidate received more
than 47 votes.
This election has sparked even less interest among
candidates than that one.
Nominations had to be reopened Feb. 26 when few
people announced their candidacy before the original
deadline. The election itself was postponed for 19
days to allow candidates to campaign.
Candidates for AUS president are Arlene Francis,
arts 3; and Mark Porter, arts 3. Francis is a former
AMS rep and student senator.
In the running for the four AMS council seats are
incumbent Vaughn Palmer, arts 4, Nadine McDonnell, arts 3, former Place Vanier residents'
association president; Bill Broddy, arts 3; Bruce
Wilson, arts 3; Greg Bailey, arts 1; HughBraker, arts
3; David Jiles, arts 1 and Carol Richardson, arts 3.
Polls are open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. today in
criticized   for   the   slant   of   its
"They feel there is some
alienation between the people and
the press — that there is something
wrong with the press as well as
with some of these other institutions the press has been investigating.
"And in all justice, if the press is
going to dish it out, it has to take
Salisbury is a Pulitzer-prize
winner former Moscow bureau
chief for the Times. He was also
the first American journalist
allowed into North Vietnam
following the escalation of the war.
He is currently writing, lecturing
and moderating the television
show, Between the Lines.
Salisbury said the new trend of
expose' reporting, as opposed to
merely reporting what others want
released, happily started at the
same time as the Supreme Court
decision which he said marked the
beginning of the "revolution."
But he said this was caused more
by the changing public climate
than the actual decision itself. He
said public attention had shifted
from the so-called Cold War between capitalist and communist
powers to domestic issues.
This was of course reflected in
the nation's newspapers.
Salisbury also said he feels these
changes in the U.S. are creating a
climate more favorable to expose
news coverage in other countries.
But he told his Friday audience
in Buchanan 106 that the > resl
breakthrough will come when the
Kremlin allows free news
He said he doesn't see that
happening in the near future.
American patriot Page 4
Tuesday, March 18, 1975
We think of Socreds — there's Dailly
Why do we keep hammering
away at education minister Eileen
That's a question many people
are asking.
Isn't the New Democratic Party
government better than the
alternatives? Then people add: Just
think of the Socreds.
In most cases, granted, the
improvement over the Socred
policies is notable. But in this case,
the performance of the two ministers
under the separate premiers is
Former premier Wacky Bennett
was short on cabinet-level talent
when he was in government and
ended up with a donut like Donald
Brothers as education minister.
Premier Dave Barrett isn't that
short of talent, but there are some
people too politically dangerous (like
Rosemary Brown) to put in his
cabinet. So he ends up with
weak-kneed Dailly as a minister
controlled by the same bureaucrats
who controlled Brothers.
This naturally led to flak from
here. Because a weak minister means
weak policies occasionally tottering
out from a department with no real
leadership. Just witness education
legislation as proof of this.
So it's time for a change. And
indications are that it might come in
a cabinet shuffle at the end of the
current session. If the pressure
And so we keep pounding away
to get someone decent in there.
And in answer to our friends in
the party: this will also help the
party in the next election. A change
coming soon will  mean a minister
will be able to actually do something
before the next election and build up
a platform to run on. Dailly has only
succeeded in leaving a bad taste in
her bumblings and must be forgotten
before an election.
So fire Dailly, give her the boot
we say. And prove that the NDP
government wants real change in
society that can come about through
the educational system, rather than
just offering more meaningless
panaceas that succeed in only
reminding us of the Socreds.
Your issue of Thursday, March
13 contains some comments made
by the ombudsperson Roy Sarai on
the process of admission to the
faculty of medicine which imply
that there is discrimination against
some applicants "on racial, sexual
and economic grounds."
The Ubyssey also contained what
was presumably a paid advertisement, inviting anyone who
feels that the faculty of medicine
admissions committee "has been,
or is, discriminatory in its selection of candidates" to contact the
ombudsman. Sarai is quoted as
saying that the "medical school
refused to discuss their admission
procedures with him."
Sarai has not sought any
discussion with me on this matter,
but has spent two hours with
associate dean Dr. Donald Graham
who is chairman of the admissions
committee, and has been given the
reports of the faculty of medicine
admissions committee. Both of
these events had occurred before
March 13.
When Sarai makes a written
complaint which I can circulate to
members of the admissions
committee and members of the
admissions policy committee, I
will be glad to arrange a meeting
between these committees and
Sarai so that the basis of his
allegations may be examined.
The 20 ' members of the admissions committee on whom the
responsibility lies to select 80
admitting students from more than
800 applicants each year, will
certainly wish to study any charge
Sarai wishes to make when these
have been committed to paper.
Your readers should note the
following- facts, however, which
will undoubtedly be discussed with
Sarai when, or if, he submits a
written complaint and discusses
these with the relevant committees.
• In March of 1974 the
association of Canadian medical
colleges review team to the
medical school met with the admissions policy committee and the
admissions committee for a full
discussion of the admission
process. They reviewed this in
detail and made no recommendations that it should be
• When East Indian students
already in medicine were expelled
from Uganda, this faculty accepted seven students, which
represented 12 per cent of the total
number of students accepted into
faculties of medicine in all English-
speaking countries.
•, A policy which gives
recognition to non-academic
qualities is the only alternative to
admission strictly by academic
grades and marks. This faculty is
not in favor of such a rigid process
of selection.
David V. Bates, M.D.,
We take exception to your
editorial's misconceived use of the
word "landscaper" (Ubyssey,
Mar. 14). For years, this campus
has not had anyone of that calibre
to give input to over-all site
planning and management
decisions. The last campus landscape architect, Dr. J. W. Neill,
lost his position when he tried to
oppose implementation of a
"grey" master plan. Sitework is
now done by physical plant in
response to the exigencies of
If the over-all plan of the campus
is to have unity, then it must
conform to either of two patterns:
the Oxford pattern of quadrangles
with massive open space areas
behind the academic core, or the
North American open pattern of
generous free flowing open spaces
with interconnected pavilions. (Or
a conscious combination of both).
This is not a community of
The 1967 master plan's attitude
toward campus open space can at
best be described as naive. Its
resulting criterion haphazardly
applied to site planning,
beautification, is surely now obsolete. Would the maze of
presidential committees and
departments please consider
giving symbolic and functional
unity to the future landscape of this
people-oriented campus?
The unsound present policy,
which your editorial disapproved
of, is not that of academically
trained scholars or professional
staff applying rational and
creative principles. Perhaps it is
time the UBC botanical garden had
a greater voice in campus environmental quality.
ArneMcRadu, plant science
T. Arnett, grad studies,
Is all the concern shown lately
about the possibility of an individual manufacturing a nuclear
bomb justified?
To find an answer to this
question I collected all the information I could find in the
university's libraries. I finally
found what I was looking for in the ,
home ec section.
Sure enough, with a large metal
tube, a few packets of TNT, and a
pinch of plutonium, it could be
done. A bomb which could destroy
a large portion of the campus could
be built, and as an added bonus, be
used for frying eggs.
The first problem encountered in
its construction was that of obtaining the plutonium. A nuclear
power station was the only
solution. I immediately filled out a
"plutonium requisition form" and
sent it to the nearest nuclear power
They were more than happy to
send me all I needed and said that I
could use either my Blaster Charge
or Bombex credit cards for future
The metal tube was more dif
ficult to obtain. Upon describing
the dimensions to a hardware
dealer, he immediately became
suspicious. ;
He finally agreed to sell me it
after I persuaded him that I was \
only making the bomb to fry eggs.
The TNT  was  the  easiest  to j
obtain. All I had to do was to ask a
pharmacist for a few packets of
trinitrotoluene, saying that it was
for my throat.
With all the ingredients
collected, I followed the recipe and
soon had a brand new nuclear
bomb (as opposed to a used one
which is very hard to come by.) So
I discovered a bomb could be built.
However a delivery system is
still needed and with the postage
rates as they are these days I have
little choice but to keep on using it
to fry eggs.
As proof of my achievement, I
am enclosing three radioactive
fried eggs (without salt or pepper)
and a photograph of myself during
treatment for radiation burns and
radiation-induced terminal cancer.
I am currently writing a book,
soon to be released, on alternate
forms of nuclear bombs. One
model uses coal instead of
plutonium and can be launched
from a Japanese freighter.
Another model uses oil but it is
just too crude to describe.
I suspect it will bomb.
A. C. Birch
physics 4
You have recently been
publishing letters from people who
advocate the despicable 'triage'
solution to world famine. The
authors of these letters tend to
claim environmental concern as an
excuse for their hardhearted, softheaded opinions.
It always amazes me to hear
'triage' expounded by self-
ordained environmentalists who
would suffer an apoplectic rage if
they were told that the pink-nosed
flying elephant was in danger of
extinction in East Jesus,
A person can have no valid sense
of his environment if he is so
brutally insensitive to millions of
his own species. Our environmental problems stem from
our belief that we exist apart from
rather than as a part of nature.
'Triage' is an anti-environmental
idea because it separates man and
nature. Indeed, anything that is,
anti-human is anti-environmental.
Another disturbing aspect of the
'triage' idea is its implicit sense of
finality. The threat of overpopulation is minimal when it is
compared to the threat posed by
those who seek final solutions to
human problems.
"Great hatred, little room,
Maimed us at the start,
I carry from my mother's womb
A fanatic heart."
Tom Riesterer
arts 3
Prof. Henry Angus sat on the
standing committee on Orientals in
British Columbia. It was formed in
1941 to inform the federal government of conditions in B.C. relating
to residents of Asian ancestry.
Neither Angus nor the committee were involved in the
decision to expel the Japanese
from coastal areas. Nor were they
responsible for the decision to sell
Japanese property.
On the contrary, during the
1930s, Angus was British Columbia's most outspoken and persistent advocate of civil rights for
Japanese Canadians. And during
the early 1940s, while attached to
the department of external affairs,
Angus used his influence within the
government on behalf of the
Japanese community.
The first criteria of good journalism is accuracy in reporting.
Your standards, unfortunately,
seem rather low.
W. P. Ward
history department
May we quote from The
Canadian Japanese and World War
II by McGill sociology prof Forrest
E. La Violette, published in 1948 by
the University of Toronto Press?
"The standing committee on
Orientals was the officially appointed and publicly recognized
group serving in an advisory
capacity to the cabinet in Ottawa. . .
"Thus the first, actions of the
government after the opening of
hostilities were taken on the advice
of people who were fully cognizant
of conditions in British Columbia
and on the urging of members of
the  committee,   some   of   whom
MARCH 18,1975
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301: Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977. Editor: Lesley Krueger
It was Irish Goatblower's Day Monday and the Ubyssey staff went all
out to honor it. These people did the blowing: Lesley Krueger, Denise
Chong, Marcus Gee, Chris Galnor, Debbie Barron, Cedric Tetzel, Kini
McDonald, Mark Buckshon and Marise Savaria. These people were the
goats: Dan Miller, Gary Coull, Matt King, Berton Woodward, Doug
Rushton, Gordon Roback, Carl Vesterback, Tom Barnes and Ralph
were known as bitterly anti-
Professor Angus was a member
of that committee, as you say. If
you will reread the editorial, you
will see that is all it said, too.
Unfortunately the book says
nothing about who was in charge of
the pitiful reimbursement the
Japanese received after the war. If
your academic accuracy is not
"unfortunately, rather low" we
will take your word that Angus had
nothing to do with that.
Incidentally, Angus wrote the
preface to La Violette's book.
Academic accuracy anyone?
Lesley Krueger and the editorial
staff's decision to editorialize in
the "letter to the editor's section"
is only one step above Time's
practice of editorializing while
presenting the news.
However we are succumbing to
these antics by replying to the
message that frats and sororities
"have little or no relation to
reality, but are rather escapist
clubs whose members occasionally
make the heartwarming gesture of
giving a kid a pair of crutches."
(Ubyssey, Thursday, March 13).
Admittedly, there is an emphasis
on social activities in the Greek
system. However one must also
look at the frats' and sororities'
participation in intramural
programs and sports of all types.
But we are not just another VOC.
Do you see other UBC clubs putting
on Mardi Gras and Songfest to raise
money for needy institutions?
Our "escapist clubs" have
contributed $2,500 to Sunnyhill
Hospital for crippled children
assisting them in the purchase of
three leg braces at an approximate
cost of $1,000 each.
Is that the same as a pair of
In the past years, money has
been donated to the following
causes with "little or no relation to
reality": Sedgewick library, Crane
library and Cystic Fibrosis. Delta
Gamma sorority alone has supported Crane library's part of its
general program to aid the blind.
It has also donated money to
Vancouver General Hospital to
enable it to buy an instrument used
in eye operations.
Does participation, then, in
social activities, sports and
charitable endeavors make us
escapists from reality? Those of us
whom you regard as "wallowing in
(our) particular mudhole" are
obviously more in touch with
reality than the majority of
apathetic nonenties on campus.
Now Lesley, are you going to
print this and then have the last
word, or are you going to pretend
that you run a grown-up newspaper
and let the readers evaluate the
letters for themselves?
Delta Gamma Sorority per:
Maureen Boyd
honors political science 4
Margot Campbell
English 4
Cathy Herb
lawl Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Page 5
Dailly suit dropped;
Barrett decision pending
Former B.C. education commissioner John Bremer's slander
suit against education minister
Eileen Dailly was dismissed
Friday by the B.C. Supreme Court.
Bremer filed the suit Oct. 23 — at
the same time he filed a libel suit
against Premier Dave Barrett —
for remarks he said he. assumed
Dailly had made to Barrett about
Bremer and his work on education
In   rejecting   the   lawsuit,   the
court pointed out that Bremer was
Ombuds ballot errors
cited in court decision
From page  1
summer, but Brown would be available only for the first month of the
summer, van der Kamp said.
"As far as I'm concerned, the position is vacant, but Sarai will stay on
and work on some things," he said.
Brown won the election with 1091 votes, White took 632 votes, Sarai, 336
votes and Grnat McRadu placed last with 287 votes.
White was nominated by a group of engineers without his knowledge,
and the student court recommended, taking legal action against those
responsible for his illegal candidacy.
Brown was improperly listed on the ballot as being part of the Student
Unity slate, which swept most of the positions in the AMS elections.
The Student Unity slate endorsed Brown's candidacy, but Brown ran as
an independent. Sarai appealed the election on the grounds that many
people voted for Brown simply because she was listed as part of the
victorious Student Unity slate.
Brown was unavailable for comment Monday.
Van der Kamp said AMS council does not have to decide who will hold
the position over the summer but added council can make recommendations on the matter. The election date will have to be set by council
at a future meeting.
Sarai was elected ombudsman last year by acclamation.
Take Notice that the Student Court sitting in S.U.B.
205, March 14, 1975 recommended that:
Because of numerous irregularities and the presence
of an ineligible candidate on the ballot, the
Ombudspersons Election of February 1975 be
overturned and a new election held.
Graduate Student
Thursday, March 27, 1975 at 12:30 p.m.
in the Ballroom at the Centre
The Board of Directors will recommend to the
membership a change in the Constitution that will
increase the fee from $26.00 to $31.00.
NOMINATIONS are now being accepted for three
positions on the Board of Directors of the Graduate
Student Centre.
Nomination forms are available at the Centre office,
until Tuesday, March 25, 1975 at 4:00 p.m.
not able to particularize Dailly's
remarks and was speculating that
the conversation had even taken
Bremer's lawyer, Allan
McEachern, said Monday he hopes
any evidence against Dailly will
come up in the Barrett lawsuit
trial, for which a date has not yet
been set.
If it becomes apparent during
the trial that Dailly may have
slandeded Bremer, Bremer would
file his suit again, McEachern
Bremer was hired shortly after
the NDP came to power in 1972 to
work on education reform, but was
fired Jan. 14, 1974 by Dailly.
Bremer's lawsuit against
Barrett is based on Barrett's
remarks on a CBC-television show.
Where were
you in'62?
sub theatre — 75c
Thu. — 7 p.m.
Fri., Sat., Sun.— 7 & 9:30
Please show AMS card
It was my original intention to
outline the mechanics of developing a film and making a black and
white print in this and future
columns. These are, however, covered, very thoroughly and simply
in my Mr Darkroom wall chart.
Photographs and copy take you
through the 6 easy steps to the
negative and 9 stages to a finished
print. These are yours for the
asking, and many persons have already done so. Along with these
requests came many queries, "Why
should I do my own developing
and printing? ". This column will
give you many reasons.
Darkroom work is exciting and
creative. It allows you to put the
finishing touch (no pun intended)
on the creativity started with the
exposure made in your camera.
The imagination shown in printing
puts your personal stamp on the
work. Your darkroom technique
gradually becomes an extension of
your ability with a camera. For
example this originality can be
shown in the form of picture composition of other than the customary square or oblong format. Many
examples come to mind — a sunset,
cropped to full horizon width but
only two or three inches high, or
a slender tree printed in a vertical
format no wider than is necessary
to include the actual tree. I'm sure
you can think of many more, and
looking at the prints you have from
previous shooting you will see
many different cropping possibilities. Selective cropping gives impact to the subject matter by
removing unnecessary detail from
the finished print. This cropping
is done by raising and lowering the
enlarger head to obtain proper size
and using the variable arms of the
easel to mask the image to exactly
what you want to show.
The adage'He walks best, who first
learns to creep' was never more
true than when applied to darkroom work. The basics that determine a successful print are not
as glamorous as many techniques
to produce special print effects,
yet without these fundamentals,
no print is really successful. There
are many things you can do \o
gather this knowledge. First, make
your source of supply a dealer
knowledgeable   in  darkroom and
interested in helping you get thje
most from your purchases. Second,
find a camera club that majors in
darkroom work and with a membership eager-to assist beginners.
Third, make use of the services that
we as Durst and Paterson representatives offer you in the form of
help by phone or letter.
When establishing a darkroom,
remember that the price tag is a
reflection of what is built into the
equipment you choose, and that a
good enlarger can be a lifetime
purchase. Dependability of alignment is of paramount importance
to producing a print that has overall sharpness. Quality of components in the,'Jlumination system
determine hof/ even the lighting
will be fromlside to side on the
print. That's/Why I am so keen on
the   Durst  reflex  system.     Light
does not go straight from lamp to
negative, but is deflected downwards by a mirror. Heat escapes
not only through lamphouse vents
but also from back of mirror. Lamp
may be raised and lowered, as well
as rotated to ensure precise centering with mirror. Illumination is
totally even, yet retains the crisp-
ness of a condensor enlarger.
Queries and problems should be
addressed to Mr Darkroom, Braun
Electric Canada Ltd, 3269 American Drive, Mississauga, L4V 1B9.
When sending in a problem print,
please enclose negative and as much
detail as to exposure and equipment used as possible.
at ubc
a special seminar
Women in Engineering
A panel of professional engineers and people concerned with
engineering careers explore the opportunities for women in the
engineering profession. All interested persons are urged to' attend.
Admission is free.
thursday, mar. 20 at 12:30 p.m.
ballroom, student union building
on the UBC campus
Dr. Irene Peden
guest speaker, Associate Dean of Engineering, University
of Washington.
The Minister of Highways, B.C. Government, Graham Lea, will open the
seminar. Panel members: Dean Liam Finn, Faculty of Applied Science, UBC;
George Taylor, Director of Personnel, H. A. Simons; Daniel Lambert,
Managing Director, Association of Professional Engineers, B.C. and Mary
Little, fourth year UBC student, Department of Chemical Engineering.
Jointly sponsored by the Department of Highways, Government of British Columbia; the
Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.; the Faculty of Applied Science, UBC; the
Office of the Dean of Women, UBC, and the Vancouver Status of Women. Page 6
Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Functional illiterates
From page  1
As UBC English department head Robert
Jordan says, the proper - response to the
problem indeed begins with a recognition
that everyone from the kindergarten
teacher on up to the university professor has
a stake in student literacy.
But, as a Ubyssey survey shows, the
direction in which the university is moving
isn't necessarily the same as that taken by
MacFarlan .  . .
facade of equity in system.
other levels of education, and that includes
the department of education in Victoria.
Because the recent controversy was
sparked by a university-administered test,
response from other levels has been
reluctant, defensive and, from education
minister Eileen Dailly, somewhat cautious.
"A lot of generalizations have been
made," Dailly told The Ubyssey in an interview, "but it should be made clear that
those results are from only one university
"A large number of professors marked
those exams and came up with the approximate 40 per cent failure rate, but those
results were not provided to the department
of education."
Dailly admitted that "there is some soft of
a problem" but she warned against making
"knee-jerk responses."
The trend in the university, though it is
changing, has been for university professors
to shift the blame downwards by claiming
they only inherit a problem caused by
inadequate high school instruction.
"I'd be willing to bet that if you went back
through the last 30 years you would hardly
find a September or a spring that university
people weren't complaining that their
students couldn't write an essay and
couldn't read," says Jim MacFarlan,
president of the B.C. Teachers' Federation.
"They've always been complaining about
Nonetheless,' the fact remains that the
university students enrolled in the intensive
composition sections to be taught the fun
damentals of sentence structure, grammar
and punctuation are the same students who
received well above passing grades in
English 12.
A brief from the UBC English department
submitted last October to the Vancouver
school board's task force on English concludes that "many high school students are
being wrongly passed as competent in
writing when they are actually incompetent.
"If those who go on to university are the
best products of the schools, then it is
disturbing to reflect on the probable writing
abilities of other high school graduates."
The brief also states that on information
offered by students, not only are few written
assignments given in high school but what
little writing is done is not marked
thoroughly by the teacher.        '
UVic English department head David
Jeffrey also complains of the lack of reading
and writing in high school classrooms and
cited a Grade 10 English class in Victoria
where students spent the year discussing
television programs.
At the end of the year they made a study of
Japan, he says, and their assignments were
to write a haiku poem and cook a Japanese
But MacFarlan severely questions
whether or not the university has even the
right to make such observations on the B.C.
school system.
Professors are a highly inappropriate
group to comment on the teaching ability of
classroom teachers," he says. "Most of
them would be lost in front of a classroom,
They're at university not because they're
teachers but because they're academics."
MacFarlan says the university people
themselves should look carefully at whether
or not they can perform a satisfactory
teaching function to meet today's needs.
"For example, it seems to me one of the
skills we should be teaching is how to
critically analyze the kind of garbage that's
spewed out of television programs," he
"But the English department isn't doing
that — they're still teaching the same
English courses in the same way that they
taught them 40 years ago — nor have they
made an astonishingly good attempt to
introduce literacy in non-print sources."
The university does, however, seem
willing to acknowledge that it has been
delinquent to a certain extent in its own
Jordan says that in recent years the
university has been somewhat indifferent to
teaching verbal skills. "We've been more
interested in teaching literary appreciation.
We are after all, a department of literature,
"But at the same time our English 100
program has not placed the emphasis on
student writing in recent decades that we
recognize now should have been done.
"We're in some sense ready to recognize
that we should make some changes in our
attitudes and I think other levels of
education should do the same."
Jordan says the department, in
acknowledging its role in the teaching of
good English usage is "rediscovering" the
importance of fundamentals.
"But in some sense that's pre-university
training and I wouldn't want to commit us to
teaching that kind of thing forever."
He says that while he isn't for a moment
saying high school teachers were at fault,
there is a need for a willing responsibility
for basic training in writing.
"Teachers should be encouraged to tea'ch
more English and by more English I mean
more language, not films and tape recordings.
"We're not advocating a return to rote
methods of teaching. It's really a question of
the encouragement of a few simple attitudes, not a tremendous reform."
Jordan does emphasize, however, that
teachers need to be given the facilities as
well, since the teaching of English, unlike
many other subjects, is "a very personal,
time consuming and difficult task."
Indeed, as Linda Wilson, president of the
Vancouver Secondary Teachers Association
(VSTA) puts it, the biggest bugbear is
She estimates that with the typical
number of students most teachers have to
deal with, to spend five minutes marking
one assignment per student per week
requires a minimum of 10 hours outside
class time in marking alone.
Jonathan Wisenthal, chairman of the UBC
English 100 program, says he knows many
teachers with 200-225 students who have to
stay up half the night marking essays.
"These teachers have to work very hard if
they want to teach creative writing. It's an
unfair burden to place on any teacher. With
that many students you just can't do the
job," he says.
The consequences?
The amount of writing assigned drops,
says VSTA's Wilson, because one of the
worst things that any teacher can do is to
give assignments and not give them back.
Wisenthal says the authorities must
recognize that teaching English is teaching
people to do something, not a matter of
simply communicating facts. English has to
be taught in small groups, he adds.
But, according to Wilson, making the
authorities recognize just that is probably
the hardest problem of all.
There is a provincial policy to reduce the ,
pupil-teacher   ratio,   but   Wilson   says   it
disguises the fact that class sizes go down,
but go down at different rates by subject.
In a survey of Vancouver secondary
schools in September, 1974, the standard
academic subjects — English, social studies
and math — rank at the top of the list in
terms of the number of overload classrooms
with more than 34 students.
Furthermore, to achieve any degree of
success at all in the special English classes
held for new Canadians, numbers have to be
kept low. This in turn drives up the class
sizes of the regular English sections.
Meanwhile, well down the list of overload
classes are the non-academic courses:
home economics, music, art and drama.
Yet the minister of education, in February
of this year, announced that no additional
funds would be forthcoming this year
toward the program of further reducing the
pupil-teacher ratio.
"MacFarlan.,, who has organized teacher
delegations to Victoria to appeal the
minister's decision, reiterates that "Dailly
promised one year ago in the house and it's
recorded in Hansard, that it was the
government's intention and not just a pipe
English idioms ignored
In a world where "phrheagh spells free"
and anyone "clued-out" won't know what
"Let's hit the fossils for the iron tonight, and
bomb down to Clovertown" means, McConnell and Penner remind us that language
is made up of not one monolithic English,
but various Englishes.
Ruther McConnell and Phil Penner are
English education professors at UBC but are
more familiar tp most of us as coauthors of
Learning English, a high school English
"English once represented a package
which everyone accepted and that was it,"
shrugs Penner, recalling that when he first
started teaching, he thought if he could
teach his students what a dangling modifier
was he. had taught them a great deal.
"Whether or not the package itself contained the true elements of language was
beside the point," he continued. "Spelling,
for example, made tip the language arts
program in the elementary grades. Thefact
is you can give children spelling lists and
make them illiterate."
Now we're living in a bit of turbulenece,
says McConnell. "We're all unsure of our
values and children sense this.
"Someone once said even the most liberal
of subjects can be taught illiberally. I
honestly think some children are taught in
. such a way that as soon as they are askerLto
write something, they are either forced into
silence or forced into jargon."
All of us are born in a rather small circle,
she explains, but we expand our own
language to "a world language" by learning
different dialects.
"Each child comes to school with a
linguistic ability to learn the dialect of
written English, which for all of us, is a
rather strange dialect.
"After all, anyone who talks like a book is
notaccepted. He's told he talks like a book."
On the other hand, the world is not going to
go down hill because kids say "those kind"
instead of "those kinds," says Penner. In
fact, he says, good speech is often condemned by narrow etiquette and linguistic
"We need a sensitivity to the idiom of the
language, to precision rather than to the
fashionable, polysyllabic jargon that you
hear so often.    ;
"The problem is that children, come* into
the school system as convicted illiterates,"
he says. "The assumption is made that they
come in not knowing any language at all.
"Instead of being given the opportunity t©
use the language to explore experiences and
write, down ideas, language almost immediately becomes a game of verbal
McConnell believes we can't stress
enough the importance of training teachers
to know a great deal about language and to
be able to ask the right kinds of questions.
As Penner says, "teachers shouldn't run so
fast in the wrong direction, they should
stumble in the right direction."
dream" to reduce the pupil-teacher ratio b
1.5 pupils in each of the next three years.
"Unless she gives any indication c
something different, she has clearl
reneged on a promise," he says.
Dailly, however, denies the government i
backing down from the program. It's not
matter of reneging, she says, just a questio
of being realistic.
"The policy is still there. B.C. has gon
from one of the worst to one of the best pupi
teacher ratios in Canada. But you just hav
to stop and reassess what you can do and th
pace at which you do it.
"We've put tremendous amounts (
money into education in this province, wit
increases this year of well over 25 per cei
just to meet normal operating costs.
"We have to ask ourselves, can we affor
Granted, but maybe what we really out t
be asking ourselves is, what price literacy
The Vancouver school board one year ag
set up a task force on English to look at th
quality of reading and writing at variot
grade levels, but it won't have any repoi
ready or recommendations to make unt
The official response from Victoria ha
been threefold, one approach being th
establishment of joint teacher-trainin
In the E
boards'. There is also a committee workir,
on a general^ evaluation program an
procedures which should have a report b
The third study area, to be reviewed in tl
fall, involves a major evaluation of Englis
curriculum in the school system and wi
look closely at claims made of deficiencu
in basic skills.
When this study was first announced t
Dailly, she stated only that it would look ;
the "validity" of claims of studei
The study will hopefully encompass moi
than that — task forces can surely do bett<
than yes-no answers to a question everybor
already knows the answer to. But, ;
Wisenthal comments, one can only hope tl
department is just being "proper!
The curriculum, however, deserves clos<
scrutiny, if only because it comes undi
sharp criticism from those outside tl
school system.
Many at the university level, who ai
rying to cope with functional illiteracy
the.freshman level, cite the "pe
missiveness" of the current curriculum ;
being more of a constraint than an incenti1
to improving high school teachii
The Grade 8 English curriculum in pa
ticular comes under attack for allowing t<
much scope for the individual teacher, whi
giving little in the way of encouragement
leadership in the setting of standards
applying basic skills.
The evaluation section of the Grade
curriculum guide says: "English 8 has be<
designed to stimulate creative writing, or
presentations and non-print projects as wi
as traditional writing assignments.
"Teachers must be willing to receive ai
give credit for oral presentations, creati
writing,  and  non-print  projects  such
tapes, films, photo-essays, collages, and
"For some lower-ability students it m;
be necessary to de-emphasize tradition
written assignments in order to stimula
some alternative responses to language
Wisenthal says the curriculum impli
writing is not as important as giving ti Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Page 7
ictims ef the status quo
ident a sense of accomplishing something.
'So the teacher suggests the student make
film or do something more fulfilling. It's
idents like that who get good marks in
Jordan's criticism of the curriculum is
at it does nothing in the way of prescribing
indards nor stating clearly what and how
achof anything to teach. And, he says, the
ade 8 curriculum characterizes the whole
His observation from a recent curriculum
scussion between the minister and
liversity representatives was that Dailly
iidn't seem to be entirely aware of the
lplications of the curriculum, namely, the
rning away from standards."
When asked about the permissiveness of
e curriculum, Dailley said she agreed that
some cases it is a little too general.
"There is a kind of open-endedness to it
at leaves it so a teacher would not have to
ach basic skills.
"It wasn't during my'administration but
ere was a move toward that, an ac-
iptance during the '60s. The curriculum
as such that it was left open-ended."
A realization that there were other im-
jrtant skills besides reading, writing and
jelling pulled the pendulum in the '60s in
ivor of "social development."
overused and misused like anything else but
all the things that go into a piece of writing
have to also go into the production of a short
piece of film.
"And if you are doing your job properly,
you will not only combine assignments but
insist on writing at each stage."
As John McGechaen, director of English
education in UBC's education faculty, sees
it, the choice is unfortunately seen as one
between obscure creativity on the one hand
and prescribed mechanics on the other.
"We tend to throw up our hands and say
audio-visual equipment and the media are
driving out reading and the need for correct
expression," he says.
"Instead, it increases the need for correct
expression and we can make use of this
media to our own ends.
"The fact that we urge children to think
imaginatively doesn't mean that we are
recommending that we neglect the
mechanics and techniques of expression."
There will be teachers who are a bit
negligent or who will place the emphasis on
imagination rather than technique,
McGechaen says. But although both must be
regarded carefully, he says, there will
always be children who don't respond to
"back to basics" teaching.
For     John     Wormsbecker,     deputy
misuse or overuse of audio-visual aids?
—matt king photos
What matters more than reading and
vriting according to this philosophy,
Visenthal says is that a child develop good
:ocial attitudes and learn to get along with
ither people.
The principle in practice meant
werlooking what a child couldn't do — the
dea being that no child need be told he's a
ailure simply because he can't do one par-
icular thing well. Instead he can be given
;ome other project that he can succeed in.
Those persuaded by this philosophy were
;aught up in a trend away from basic skills
that began more than a decade ago.
However, those on both sides of the pen-
Julum are forced into an on-going but less-
than-open debate today on the use and
misuse of such a principle in the classroom.
UBC's English department says the
curriculum in the school system is hanging
on to what was "the last gasp of the '60s", a
principle the department outgrew 10 years
"The provincial school system, as
reflected in their curriculum, seems to be on
a different wavelength than we are," Jordan
For the most part, however, criticism and
comment from the universities trespasses
on the individual teacher's sense of
professionalism and doesn't get past the
classroom door.
Wilson admits the notion that "a good
;teacher is a good teacher" may be a cloak
for mediocrity, but she maintains that most
of what the universities say is based on
impression that reality.
John Calam, director of secondary
education in UBC's education faculty, was
asked how he thought English is, being
taught in the schools. He could only respond
by saying that "one has to go to the high
schools to find the answer."
Yet, says Wilson, "if you came into my
classroom and found the walls covered with
what looks like colorful supergraphics, it
would be a mistake to jump to the conclusion
that it's all irrelevant because it isn't.
"These aids to teaching English are a way
of getting students interested enough so that
they can respond through their own experiences," she says.
"Films   and   tape   recordings   can   be
superintendent for the Vancouver school
board, that isolates a serious problem
particular to the Vancouver school district,
the largest in the province with 12.5 per cent
of the provincial enrolment.
Wormsbecker's argument is that without
a readiness to learn "you can yap about
basic skills all your life but you're not going
to get very far."
The university is perhaps not aware of the
severity of the problems confronting
Vancouver school district teachers, Wormsbecker says, citing problems of a socioeconomic nature created by the increasing
concentration of people in urban cities.
For the Vancouver school board, maintains Wormsbecker, the changing
population mix, due in part to immigration,
makes it less likely that previous standards
can be kept up.
Immigration — and Vancouver enrolled
almost 50% of all non-English-speaking
student immigrants who entered B.C.
schools last year — intensifies the learning
problems teachers already have to cope
The problem of adjustment for foreign-
born students is a frustrating one. With
increasing needs and already far less than
adequate facilities for teaching English as a
second language, many of these youngsters
are virtually condemned to failure before
they are even placed in classes for special
One local high school principal says that
quite often the student's skills in other
subjects progress normally but the student
has been unable to upgrade his ability in
English at the same rate.
Yet regular students get shortchanged by
the amount of extra time a teacher decides
to spend with such a student. So rather than
wanting to be held back, which is often the
only alternative, the student quits school
instead. Those are the realities of the
But "the changing population mix"
Vancouver school teachers have to contend
with is not confined to problems of immigration.
Outmigration to the suburbs leaves behind
those at the lower end of the socio-economic
scale, many of whom live in multiple or low-
rental housing projects.
This is the problem society should address
itself to, MacFarlan says.
Instead, education in B.C. provides a
facade of equity by providing the same kind
of schools, the same kind of teachers and the
same kind of materials, but it only perpetuates the North American myth that if
you provide equity in the school system you
get equitable results, he says.
"If the people flogging the literacy issue
concerned themselves a little more with
overcoming socio-economic problems that
beset the kids in society we'd be a lot better
off," MacFarlan says.
Children from disadvantaged home environments and ethnic minority groups tend
to bring more serious learning handicaps to
school, Wormsbecker says.
"I'm not suggesting there's anything
wrong with our students," he says. "It's just
that in many cases their home life is less
enriching and they need more exposure to
the things they don't have in their homes —
books, magazines, films.
"The fact is a lot of these youngsters are
deprived of those kinds of things and experiences that make it easier to be successful in school."
'.'Social development" may be an outdated
notion in the opinion of the English faculty at
UBC, Wormsbecker says, but given the
special problems of many students, treating
kids as individuals and getting back to
basics simply can't be done on an either-or
"My feeling is that a kid has to feel
comfortable about himself before he's going
to be successful as a learner. You have to
consider the culture the youngster comes
from and have some respect for that
"A teacher has to be able to help that
youngster cross the bridge^ into whatever
community he happens to be a part of. Then
he can begin learning, when he sees that it's
' important for him to able to communicate
and be a part of the lifestyle he's in.
"It may be that the basic skills have been
de-emphasized in favor of the concern of
self worth, but I think it's a matter of
establishing some kind of understanding
between the university and the high school
about the kinds of youngsters that are
coming to our schools and that we're trying
to teach," Wormsbecker says.
What really raises the ire of high school
teachers is the notion that high schools exist
as a prepatory ground for potential
university-bound students, when only 20 per
cent of high school graduates continue to
higher education.
Wormsbecker says the responsibility of
the high school is to what it can to prepare
young people for whatever they're going to
do in life, but it's only a transitional point.
"University is only one possible avenue of
future endeavor. Some are going to go on to
college, some to employment, others to
Europe, or maybe they're going to go down
to Gastown to smoke pot.
"I don't know what they're going to do, but
the point is we don't take the view that
university is going to be the main objective
in life," he says.
Wilson says this attitude isn't an excuse
for shoddy wx>rk nor does it mean students
should be talked down to or treated as if they
were of no value. It may require that a
rediscover fundamentals.
Wormsbecker . . . school boards
seek own solutions.
teacher alter the content of her program,
though, she says.
"It might be better for example, to spend
a week of their year examining newspapers,
looking at the stock pages, understanding
the difference between a movie review and
an advertisement, knowing where the tide
tables can be found."
She emphasizes however, that high school
teachers are firmly against streaming
students, separting the university-bound
from the non-university students. This has
been encouraged in the past, she says, but
now is actively discouraged.
"It has its disadvantages," Wilson says.
"You make the people who are streamed
into the bottom level feel they are rejects."
Yet the universities are in a kind of
dilemma, with a much larger enrolment in
absolute terms drawn from an even greater
spectrum of people, all bringing with them
diverse skills and standards.
Although perhaps wary of being vocal
about it, the universities are undoubtedly
intrigued with the idea of holding entrance
exams to sift out potential problem students
and eliminate the need for providing the
non-academic, remedial instruction they
regard as being pre-university training.
"That's the way it used to be in the bad old
days," MacFarlan says, "when universities
taught only the top five per cent in I.Q.
levels and had only 5000 students in their
academia, when they weren't polluted with
25-30,000 students." .
"I would suggest the universities are
suffering from their own success," says
The real problem, says MacFarlan, is that
the university itself hasn't adapted to the
kinds of kids who are going there and the
needs of society.
"They've got to get off their academic
asses. They're still on the same old
academic trip they were on when I was
But without wanting to chastise his
university counterparts entirely, MacFarlan adds, the universities should also
realize that the students they're getting
now, besides being the first crop of kinds to
have grown up all the way with television,
are also products of the worst pupil-teacher
ration in Canada, when most classes in B.C.
contained more than 40 students.
Society is going to have to wait another six
or eight years, in fairness to the teachers in
primary grades where reading and writing
skills are first taught, to see the benefits of
the recent reduced pupil-teacher ratios,
MacFarlan says.
But then neither is the pupil-teacher ratio
the beginning and the end of all reform in
the school system. Students that the system
labels as functionally illiterate are also the
result of inadequate facilities, inferior
teaching methods and teacher training
MacFarlan expresses a need for a
carefully-planned program of improving the
style of teaching in all students but he says it
should start at the university level.
"Our teacher education programs as a
general rule don't prepare young people for
the classrooms," he says.
In his opinion, teacher training programs
should   have   practising   professionals
See page 9:  TEACHERS' Page 8
Tuesday, March  18, 1975
Firemen protest BCGEU
with partial UBC walkout
University endowment lands
firefighters have stopped all nonemergency services to back up
demands for separate negotiations
with the provincial government.
"We'll answer all full alarms,
rescues and ambulance calls,"
shop steward Steve Nordin said,
"but we've stopped building inspections, first-aid training and
administrative paper work. Information pickets are up in front of
the station.
A total of 84 firefighters in the
trades and crafts component of the
B.C. Government Employees
Union limited their services at
UBC, Riverview hospital and
Transquille hospital in Kamloops.
"We want a contract equal to the
one given Lower Mainland city
firefighters," said Nordin. "As it
stands now, we ha.ve some benefits
they don't have, and they have
some we don't have.
"The way to get this is through
separate negotiations within the
union. The trades and crafts
component is made up of carpenters, mechanics and dock-
workers, and what is good for them
does not work for us. Our argument
is with the union.
"The B.C.G.E.U. will probably
accept the contract. The contract
is extremely good for the rest'of the
union," Nordin said.
In Victoria, provincial secretary
Ernie Hall said withdrawal of
service by firefighters constitutes
an illegal strike. He did not say if
he would as'k the B.C. labor
relations board to stop the action.
But Nordin denied the action is
He also said Premier Dave
Barrett sent a letter to the union
saying he will not become involved
because it is an internal union
Nordin said the withdrawal of
services will be "reassessed on a
day-to-day basis."
Bill Reid, staff representative
for trades and crafts component of
B.C.G.E.U. was unavailable for
Restaurant & Delicatessen
11 A.M. - 2 A.M.
12 NOON-11 P.M.
3605 West 4th Ave. 733-8038
Sales and Rentals
RENTALS $14.00 - $25.00
We have the largest selection of
formal shirts in the city. Associated
stores throughout Vancouver and
B.C. See the Yellow Pages or Phone
688-2481  for our store nearest you.
formal wear rentals
1110 Seymour St. 688-2481
10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Polls Buchanan and Sedge
Election of AUS President
and    .
4 Arts (AMS) Reps
Election of
Five Full-time Students
to Serve On Senate
as Representatives of
the Student Body at Large
The following nominations have been received:
COLE, COLM P. (4th Year Science)
DeROOY, JOHAN P. (4th Year Education)
FRANCIS, ARLENE J. (3rd Year Arts) v
HEENAN, RICHARD G. (3rd Year Physical Education)
KRASSELT, BRIAN A. (3rd Year Science)
MACKAY, DOUGLAS B   (4th Year Arts)
MATHERS, W. MICHAEL (1st Year Law)
MOORE, GARY R   (3rd Year Commerce
WILSON, D. BRUCE (3rd Year Arts)
and Business Administration)
Thursday, March 27, 1975
10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
(Students will vote in their own constituencies only)
Agricultural Sciences — MacMillan Building
Applied Science — Civil Engineering
 (including Architecture and Nursing)
Arts — Buchanan Building
 (including Home Economics, Librarianship and Social Work)
Commerce and Business Administration — Angus Building
Dentistry — Macdonald Building
Education — Scarfe Building
 —including Physical Education and Recreation)
Forestry — MacMillan Building
Graduate Studies — Graduate Student Centre
Law — Mary Bollert Building
Medicine— I.R.C. Building
. . . . .(including Rehabilitation Medicine)
Pharmaceutical Sciences — I.R.C. Building
Science — Chemistry
Unclassified and Qualifying — Main Library
(N.B. only full-time students are eligible to participate in this election, i.e.
undergraduates taking at least 12 units (or the equivalent) of courses; all doctoral
students; and all other students registered in the Faculty of Graduate Studies taking
at least six units. It is for this reason that is is necessary to have students vote only in
their own constituencies where their names can be checked off on the voters' list.)
Page 9
Teachers unprepared'
From page 7
But then neither is the pupil-
teacher ratio the beginning and the
end of all reform in the school
system. Students that the system
labels as functionally illiterate are
also the result of inadequate
facilities, inferior teaching
methods and teacher training
MacFarlan expresses a need for
a carefully-planned program of
improving the style of teaching in
all students but he says it should
start at the university level.
"Our teacher education
programs as a general rule don't
prepare young people for the
classrooms," he says.
Dailly did announce last month
the establishment of summer
workshops designed to help
teachers diagnose remedial
problems, but UBC's McGechaen
says he would like to see such a
program extended. All
municipalities should have reading
clinics where children with serious
reading disabilities can be referred
to, McGechaen says.
Another problem area is the fact
that throughout the province and in
almost every school, minimally-
qualified or less-than-qualified
teachers with degrees in elective,
subjects are teaching courses in
English simply because there are
insufficient elective hours to keep
the teaqher occupied full-time,
McGechaen said.
But the minister's response to
this was: "The situation isn't
desperate." With the attitude that
teachers don't teach subjects, they
teach kids, she stressed the importance of "the ability to impart
knowledge" over expertise,
recalling that she herself once
taught all subjects from grades one
to eight.
Criticism and debate over the
literacy issue is at times drowned
out by the bickering over authority
between the department of
education in Victoria, the local
school boards and districts,
teacher and trustee organizations,
school principals and their staffs,
not to mention the university's
undue influence. They forget who
their victims are.
The minister of education:
"There is a move towards giving
more local authority to the local
boards, more so than ever before,
but at the same time I have a
responsibility for the whole
province and have to preserve my
own authority."
Wormsbecker for the Vancouver
school board: "We may need some
financial help from Victoria but we
don't feel they need to tell us what
to do. What we need are only
general guidelines.
MacFarlan for the BCTF: "What
we need are a bunch of people in
the central office with very strong
philosophically-clear thinking who
aren't going to meddle and tinker
with individual boards and
"Wormsbecker: "Victoria isn't
close to our problems. We like to
think we have competent teachers,
responsible administrators, and
expert persons in positions of
leadership. We can provide our
own solutions to our problems.
"Perhaps there are some
smaller boards with limited expertise that do need more direction
from Victoria."
The minister: "You will find a
great variance in the 74 school
boards around the province. But
we do have a departmental
committee working on a clear
delineation of responsibility."
As for the university?
Although academics and non-
academics are less averse to coordination and mutual exchange
than they once were, other levels of
education appear to still harbor
resentment toward the university
because of the "preponderant
position" it once held in the
provincial school system.
"It's simply a question of coordinating attitudes without giving
the impression that we know more
than they do," says Jordan.
And the minister of education?
There should be more creative
leadership from the top says
Jordan. That's what the ministry
of education exists for. i
The obvious place, the
beginning anyway, for establishing _
principles and broad areas of
agreement about fundamentals.
The easiest way to do it is from a
centralized position."
Wisenthal adds: "I would have
felt that the minister of education
would take a strong stand on the
subject of literacy. I think there
are many people in this province
and in the educational system who
wonder what they're supposed to
be doing."
Says MacFarlan: "The problem
with the department of education is
that it's preoccupied with 'ad-
ministrivia'. I wish it was preoccupied with philosophy but it's
more concerned with keeping its
status and bureaucracy intact.
"Eileen Dailly doesn't want
change, she wants lip service to
change. And why should old
departmental officials want
change if they're already at the
Yes, but when all is said and still
not done, the students whom
society labels as functional
illiterates will still be around,
victims of the widespread buck-
passing that afflicts everyone
concerned with literacy.
Yet schools are really only
marginal institutions of change,
and though literacy is an issue that
concerns education officials most
closely, it is by definition a
problem for the whole of society.
The impetus for change must
come from the grass roots just as
surely as from the top of the tree.
The following nominations have been received:
(M.A. degree program in Philosophy)
(M.Sc. degree program in Food Science)
10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m.
(N.B. Those eligible to participate in this election are full-time Graduate
Students defined as: all doctoral candidates and all other students
registered in the Faculty of Graduate Studies taking at least six units.)
in the public interest CKLG CUPE sirikers Local 686 in cooperation with Concerts West
2nd Command
ALL CONCERT BOX OFFICES - The Coggery, 130 Water St.,
Grennan's Records, Rich. Sq., Thunderbird Shop, SUB, U.B.C,   -
Woodward's Oakridge, New Westminster, Park Royal & Guildford.
Mail Orders — Box 8600 — Information 687-2801.
If you are an engineer this
chair could be yours.
This is where you could find yourself if you become a
Maritime Engineering Officer in today's Canadian Armed
Forces. The Master Engineering Control centre of one of our
new DDH 280 Destroyers.
No boilers. No stokers. No sweat!
The power within these beautiful ships comes from jet
turbine engines. The machinery that heats, cools, ventilates
and provides water throughout these ships is the latest.
Maritime Engineering Officers on these ships work
with some of the most sophisticated equipment in the
world...with expertly trained men who are as proud of
their work as they are of their ships.
If you're studying engineering, think about
this Officer's job. It's a very special one. It could
take you anywhere in the world!
Directorate of Recruiting & Selection, National Defence Headquarters
Box 8989, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K2
Please send me more information about opportunities
in the Canadian Forces of Maritime Engineers.
-YEAR	 Page 10
Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Briei goes
fo BoG
A group of students
advocating student representation
on tenure and promotions
committees will present a brief to
the board of governors staff
committee April 4.
Steve Haber, outgoing science
undergraduate society president,
said Monday the brief will contain
information on similar situations
at other Canadian universities as
well as an historical background
on how wel I student
representation has worked at
other universities.
"We decided to do this
because action (on student
representation) has just
stagnated," Haber said. "The issue
Hot flashes
has come to the fore because of
several controversial tenure
"Students' interest to
recognize teaching qualities is not
represented at all (on tenure and
promotions comm ittees)."
Haber said the group will hold
further meetings to prepare the
brief once all the information is
in. After it is prepared, the brief
will be circulated to
undergraduate societies,
departmental unions and other
student groups to get more
student input, he said.
These other student groups
will be asked to draft a letter of
support for the brief as well as
make suggestions. All students are
invited to work with the group,
Haber said. >■■
The lost and found, having a
surplus of the latter, is getting rid
of it today in its year-end sale. So,
if you have lost something and
haven't got around to retrieving it,
perhaps you might consider
buying it back.
The sale happens from 11:30
a.m. to 1:15 p.m. in SUB
'Tween classes
Meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon talk
about feminism and lesbianism,
7:30 p.m., arts 1 blue room.
Guest Speaker: David MacDonald,
P.E.I., MP, noon, SUB 213.
Semi-annual rummage sale, noon,
SUB 207-209.
Weekly fellowship, noon,
conference room, Lutheran campus
Election of next year's officers and
budget discussion, noon, SUB 215.
Michael Whitely discusses "you and
the  missing link," noon, Bu. 216.
General meeting, noon, SUB 207-9.
Information meeting about Asia
and the South Pacific with film
about Papua and New Guinea, 7:30
p.m., International House 404.
Testimony    meeting,    noon,   SUB
Meditation,   discussion   and   tape,
noon, IRC g-65.
Tour, 7:30 p.m. Clyde clinic.
Annual    general    meeting,    noon,
SUB 105B.
General      meeting,      noon     war
memorial gym 211.
Panel  discussion,  noon, SUB 205.
Election   of  next  year's executive,
noon, Angus 24.
Special  feature about the life and
future of Jimi Hendrix, 3 to 6 p.m.
Stanley Park bike Sunday, 9 a.m.,
in front of UBC bookstore.
Yeah, we know, we know.
The Ubyssey incorrectly
reported Friday the death of
British diplomat James Cross at
the hands of FLQ terrorists during
the October crisis of 1970.
We are happy to report that
Mr. Cross is alive and well. Former
Quebec labor minister Pierre
LaPorte, however, is not. M.
Laporte's murder and the events
that led up to it were superbly
recorded by the National Film
Board production, Action: the
October Crisis.
All Ubyssey staffers,
especially proof readers, have
been ordered to attend its next
Two films will be shown
Thursday on the African national
liberation struggles currently
being fought in Eritrea and
The meeting, sponsored by
the Liberation Support Movement
and the UBC Spartacus club, will
also be addressed by a speaker
from the Ethiopian study group.
It happens at noon in Hebb
starts Thursday, March 20
ends Saturday, March 29
:— Left over ski equipment
— Camping and hiking equipment
— Sleeping Bags, hiking boots, pack sacks,
cooking sets and   many other items
— Much of our used rental equipment will also
be sold, e.g. canoes, skis etc.
Minimum discounts — 30%
Sale held at:
Tepee Sporting Goods Ltd.
1601 West 5th Ave.        Vancouver BC phone 731-0912
Ample Parking In Our Own Parking Lot
Summer Language
offered in Toronto:
English Language courses
offered in Toronto at the Scarborough College
Summer Language Institute:
French, Spanish and German language courses
Ancient Greek and drama courses
offered in Saint-Pierre et Miquelon:
French language courses
offered in Mexico City:
Spanish language and civilization courses
Bursaries, awarded by the provincial and federal
governments of Canada, are available in connection with the French and English language courses.
University of Toronto
School of Continuing Studies
119 St. George Street,Toronto M5S1A9
(416) 928-2400
RATES:   Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.8,0; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable m
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8. B.C
5 — Coming Events
March 21st, 8:30 p.m.
Sunshyne and Painter
10— For Sale — Commercial
Phone John or Grant Cumberbirch  representatives for
CDiamond Specialists and Importers)
evenings   263-6635
40 — Messages
knows where  McGee  on Vane.  Island
went  or where  he taught.  Rick 224-
50 — Rentals
60 - Rides
70 — Services
WE PRINT ANYTHING. 350 novelty designs. We specialize in clubs and
team shirts. T-shirt Tree, 27 West
Cordova St., 683-2933.
20 — Housing
$25.00 REWARD for information which
results in our obtaining a 1 or 2
bedroom suite which will accept husband, wife and cat. Notice required.
Phone 263-7472.
2 STUDENTS WANT 2-bedroom suite
in Pt. Grey for 1st May-Aug., under
$180/mo. 228-0423 or 224-7723, Leslie.
30 — Jobs
areas     Thursday     afternoon.     The
Courier, 266-7107.
35 - Lost
HELP! LOST BIOL. 330 NOTES in blue
plastic binder. Reward to finder.
Phone  731-6942 eves.
clasp.  Great personal value.  224-4026.
Thousands   of  Research  Papers.
Custom   Research
Student Resume Services
1969  W.  Broadway,  Vancouver,  B.C.
Phone:   738-3714
Office hours: 1:00-5:00 p.m. Mon.-Sat.
80 — Tutoring
WILL TUTOR any course in business
administration or computer programming,  M'ike  Muni,  224-9665.
85 —Typing
EXPERIENCED TYPIST     for    essays,
term   papers, etc.   Reasonable   rates,
in   my  home, North  Vancouver.   988-
FAST,   EFFICIENT  TYPING.   (Near  41st
and Marine Drive).  Phone 266-5053.
90 — Wanted
weeks, California, South of U.S.A.,
Louisiana, Florida, East Maritimes
provinces, Quebec City. By bus or
car. Write before 27th of March.
Lucien Fournier, Fleet School, Building 92, C.F.B. Esquimau, F.M.O.,
Victoria,  B.C.
99 — Miscellaneous
Then attend a special travel evening
sponsored by the Canadian Youth
Hostels Association to be held at the
Vancouver Youth Hostel on Wednesday, March 19th at 8 p.m. Advice
will be given on most aspects of low
budget travel and free travellers
check lists will be available. Those
requiring further details should phone
738-3128. Canadian Youth Hostels
Association, 1406 West Broadway,
Vancouver, B.C.
FRIENDLY   KITTEN   is   looking   for   a
home.  Urgent.   Call 684-1654 (eves)
Use Ubyssey Classified
TO SELL - BUY - INFORM Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Page 11
Swimmer wins Big Block Trophy
George Smith, assistant coach of
the UBC swimming team, was
awarded the Bobby Gaul Trophy
by the Big Block Club last Thursday at the annual Block Banquet.
The trophy is awarded every
year to the most outstanding
graduating athlete on campus. The
coaches of these athletes apply on
their behalf and the Big Block Club
makes its selection on the basis of
the amount of contribution the
athlete has given to the sport and
his academic achievements.
Smith was a member of the
Canadian national team between
1967 and 1971.
He swam for Canada at the 1968
Mexico Olympics and the 1970
Edinburgh Commonwealth
At the Commonwealth Games,
Smith chalked up two wins in the
200 and 400 individual medleys. He
was also a member of the relay
team that came in 2nd in both the
400 and 800 metres freestyle relays.
At the Olympics, Smith came in
5th and 10th in the 200 and 400 IM
events   respectively.   The   relay
teams finished 4th in the 800 and
8th in the 400.
Smith continued to swim for the
national team after all this until he
broke his leg in a motorcycle accident in 1971. Since then his only
swimming has been with
university teams.
A native of Edmonton, Smith left
for Indiana in the late sixties with a
three-year athletic scholarship. He
didn't stay long, transferring into
second year zoology at UBC.
Smith has been featured in the
record books in both the age group
—cedric tetzel photo
UBC WRESTLER, GEORGE RICHEY, tackles Elvin Martin in deciding bout of 198 pounds section of
Canadian Open Wrestling Championships.
'Bird wrestlers grab medals
George Richey and Ken Izumi
were the only Thunderbird
wrestlers to pick up medals at the
Canadian Open Wrestling
Championships held at War
Memorial Gymnasium last Friday,
Saturday and Sunday.
Izumi won a silver medal in the
junior 123-pound class in the Greco-
Roman competition Sunday.
Richey also took a silver in the
Greco-Roman, in the 198-pound
senior division. He took a first
place gold in the same class in the
freestyle division Saturday.
Richey then capped everything
off when he was named Most
Outstanding Wrestler of the
tournament after the competition
had ended Sunday.
Izumi came close to a gold in the
Greco-Roman but lost a very close
decision to Leo Reyes of Ontario in
the fined and had to settle for
second place.
His performance was part of a
strong finish by the B.C. junior
team which won the Greco-Roman
competition, edging Quebec by six
points. Quebec won the overall
junior title, 'however, finishing
strongly in the freestyle competition.
Richey lost the gold to Terry
Shanely of Oregon when Shanely
pinned him in their semi-final
match. It was the only match he
lost all weekend.
In the freestyle event Richey
recorded a string of pins to get the
UBC's Jon Davison picked up a
fourth place in the 114.5 pound
division to pick up the only other
'Bird points in the Freestyle. Gord
Bertie of Quebec won a gold medal
in that division. Bertie took a
bronze medal at the world
championships in Instanbul earlier
this year, the first Canadian to win
a medal in 38 years. -
Although the other Thunderbirds
didn't fare as well as may have
been hoped, the tournament was
encouraging in a number of ways.
Most importantly, those who did
lose were not swamped by the
competition. The lack of seasoning
and experience against top competition cost more matches than
poor wrestling.
Coach Bob Laycoe hopes to
improve by recruiting some good
prospects from the high school
wrestling system.
Rummage Sale
south end of Wesbrook Cres.
Great  Bargains on Books, L.P.'s,
Clothing, Housewares, etc.
MALLABAR formats
has moved to p
42 E.
_ ■ \Mly    --ORMALS       B
Broadway M      AtA,IAT>Al
Complete Selection
of Latest Styles
and Colors
and open championships for the
past 15 years. He still holds the
collegiate records for both the 200
and 400 metres IM events. He also
appears in the Canadian national
record books as the current holder
of the 200 yard IM title.
The Women's Big Block Club
holds its banquet tomorrow when
awards will be given to the year's
top woman athlete and the best
women's team in both the junior
varsity and varsity levels.
Also receiving awards will be the
soon-retiring administration
president Walter Gage and incoming dean of women Margaret
Fulton. They will be given special
awards to show the women
athletes' appreciation of their
support for their program.
The Women's Block club, unlike
its male counterpart does not
announce Block letter winners
before the presentation.
The banquet will be held
tomorrow at the Graduate
Students' Centre at 6:30 p.m. and
the presentations will follow at
approximately 7:30 p.m.
'Birds play well
but can't score
The UBC Thunderbirds' soccer
team finally played a good game,
but it didn't keep them from ending
up on the short end of a 1-0 decision
Peter Mullins' basketball 'Birds
had better watch over their
shoulders because Donn Spence's
rugby 'Birds are right behind.
The basketballers' biggest win of
the year was a 114-59 shellacking of
the University of "Lethbridge
Pronghorns. The rugger men may
have failed to meet the total score
by 11 points but had a wider
margin of victory as they hung a
103-0 shellacking on the University
of Washington Huskies Saturday.
What makes the whole thing
even more ridiculous is the 'Birds
didn't even attempt to convert
their 12 tries in the second half.
Had they scored the converts
another 24 points could have been
up on the board.
Ro Hindson got all the points the
'Birds needed with a penalty goal
at five minutes of the first half.
The Huskies did make the game
interesting a few seconds later
when they moved the ball down the
field and even over the goal line,
but were held up. The 'Birds
controlled the five-yard scrum and
never bothered to look back.
In all the 'Birds scored 22 tries
and six converts in addition to
Hindson's penalty goal.
Will MacKenzie and Rob Jenkins
each had 16 points with four tries
apiece. Hindson had 15 points with
the penalty kick, two tries and a
pair of converts. Preston Wiley
picked up 12 points with a try and
four converts. Paul WatsonKDave
Whyte, Mel Reeves and John
Billingsley all scored two tries!
Doug Harvey, Gord MacPherson
and Frank Carson each got single
tries. Chris Hinkson was one of the
few 'Birds who didn't score.
against the Simon Fraser
University Clansmen last Saturday
at Capilano Stadium.
One goal down in the second half,
the 'Birds pressed relentlessly for
the equalizer.
It never came, but the 'Birds
could have easily scored on
numerous occasions. Claudio
Morrelli, Darryl Samson, Brian
Budd and John Speakman all had
their chances, but failed to breach
the Clansmen defense.
As the game progressed, the
'Birds managed to press the
Clansmen in SFU's side of the field
and the Cross-Town-Gang had to
rely on some vicious tackles and
time-wasting tactics to keep the
'Birds from scoring.
For the last quarter of an hour in
fact, the Clansmen concentrated
on wasting time more than playing
Even though the 'Birds played
good soccer this time, they were
still goal-shy. On numerous occasions when UBC forwards found
themselves within 30 yards from
the SFU goal, they didn't shoot.
They instead tried again and
again to work their way through
heavy traffic hoping for a shot at
goal from a closer range.
Throughout the game the 'Birds
showed they can play great soccer
if they have the right attitude.
They showed the desire to win, the
lack of which in their recent games
earned them the nickname of the
Zombies. This time they were wide
awake, but they still can't shoot.
On a cold and wet day like
Saturday, one would expect them
to release some long shots. It is
extremely -difficult for a
goalkeeper to play well in the rain
and it's even worse when it's cold.
Goalkeepers have a hard time
keeping warm and everyone knows
it's tough to stop a wet ball with
numb hands. But the UBC forwards never got the chance to get
off any direct shots at goal.
•V.5.9.   NIGHT
Featuring:  a film on Papua, New Guinea plus
a review of available jobs.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19th - 7:30 p.m.
"everyone welcome"
For more information call:     731-0153 evenings
or     228-4886 mornings Page 12
Tuesday, March 18, 1975
Fleming demands silence
From, tage 1'
deputy minister intended to fire the
staff on this issue.
"The deputy  minister  warned:
the staff that they were working in;
a departmental context and that, if
there is a public airing of the issue,
certain courses of action were open
to him.
"A staff member said there is a
question of a public issue and the
public right to information.
"The deputy- minister told the
staff that, even if they went to the:
minister, the minister has no way
to reverse that. He said that the
staff has every right to go to the
minister because of a
disagreement with the deputy
"He warned that the staff is
walking a very fine line.
"The deputy minister stated that
this was a warning.
"He said that, if the staff goes
outside and says, we have had a
discussion with the deputy
minister, that would be acceptable.
"However, if the staff goes
outside and says, We have had a
disagreement with the deputy
minister and we are going to the
minister, then that would be
"The deputy minister repeated
his warning that the staff cannot
say there is a disagreement with
the deputy minister to the public.
He said that the staff had no right
to a disagreement (that is, to make
it public)."
Later in the Jan. 22 meeting,
Fleming announced he was going
to make some specific announcements to the staff assembled there, which included the
researchers and consultants Paul
McGeachie and Gary Onstad.
"A staff member asked if the
deputy minister had considered
staff development and involvement in these decisions.
"The deputy minister replied
that he had not."
He then announced the appointment of integrated and
supportive services supervisor
John Walsh to replace Knight.
He also said the probationary
periods of the staff were to be
extended and that a team of four
consultants from the University of
Victoria, headed by George
Pederson, would be appointed to
examine the department's
research capability.
All facts were known before.
However, the report reveals that
Fleming har> worked out no job
descriptions for the team.
"A staff member asked if the
deputy minister knew the consultants.
"The minister replied that he
knew Dr. Pederson, but that he had
asked him to choose the other three
and he had chosen them from his
faculty. The deputy minister said
he understood that the consultants
had experience in educational
administration and organization.
"A staff member asked what
methodology would be used in the
"The deputy minister said he did
not know but would leave that up to
the consultants who were hired to
do the investigation.
"A staff member asked what the
terms of reference were for the
group doing the investigation.
"The minister said there were
The minutes of the subsequent
meeting, held in the research
division office with all support staff
also present, repeat many comments made by Fleming
But he specifically tackled
Knight's firing, saying he would
explain the reasons for dismissal
during grievance procedures. He
had said at the earlier. meeting
"Knight was not performing the
job satisfactorily."
Now he replied to a question
from a staff member on whether
the firing reflected on the staff
generally by saying:
". . .that the dismissal of Dr.
Knight was not a comment on the
work of any staff member, but was
based purely on his own performance. He said that the action
was taken on the basis of performance and was not a comment
on the collective group because it
was an individual procedure."
The Path of Total Awareness
Until you can see that nothing
can happen to you, except in
accordance with the state of
your consciousness, you do not
have the key to life.
Introductory Lecture
12:30 Tues., March 18
S.U.B. ???
A recruiting team representing School District No. 55, Burns
Lake and School District No. 56, Nechako will be on campus on
April 1, 2 and 3.. Prospective teachers interested in locating
themselves in beautiful central British Columbia should make
interview appointments for the above dates through the Student.
Placement office.
1 <&'.«*&
i»"-»"»—»   .1.1 X IS JOIM.I .\ «d JIM I II EX »R IX
c -j      o  e *    -i        GENERAL
Friday & Saturday
MIDNIGHT Mar. 21-22
1117 West Georgia 687-7821
He also repeated his remarks
about the capability of later-fired
staff members, saying "the work
of some of them was satisfactory
and that would be easy to verify
once the specifics could be worked
He also said "he had no reason to
believe that anyone at this time has
performed unsatisfactorily."
And he later said "he was in a
position to verify that some staff
members had done good work
because he was familiar with some
of the work of those who had"
previously worked closely to his
The minutes of the first meeting
were compiled from notes made by
research and development
Minutes from the second were
lifted from verbatim shorthand
notes made by a department
secretary during the meeting.
Fleming was not available for
comment Monday, as repeated
phone calls revealed he was in a
•meeting with Dailly.
openings for new members interested in
curatorial operations of the A.M.S. Art
Gallery Programs Committee for
1975/76. We would like to stress that
this is a working committee.
If    you    are    interested,
statement of intent to:
S.U.B. Art Gallery
Box 23
Downtown Vancouver
to downtown Nanaimo
And she docks right at the front door.
You can beat the long drive for
miles and miles to catch the ferry
to the Island. You can also forget
about the uncertainty of getting
your car on the ferry. Because yqo
can reserve a car space on the
Princess of Vancouver.
Leave Downtown Vancouver.
4:00 a.m. 12 noon        8:00 p.m.
Arrive Downtown Nanaimo.
6:30 a.m.       2:30 p.m.     10:30 p.m.
Leave Downtown Nanaimo.
8:00 a.m.       4:00 p.m.        midnight
Arrive Downtown Vancouver.   .
10:30 a.m.     6:30 p.m.       2:30 a.m.
oneway     $000
each way.
For reservations and information 665-3142
O Rail


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