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The Ubyssey Jan 17, 1992

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Array the Ubyssey
llNl
mm
The complete
museum of
Effie
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Friday, January 17,1992
Vol 74, No 28
Iraqi-Kurds face extinction
by Lucho van Isschot
A candlelight vigil was held
Thursday night to mourn the first
anniversary ofthe US-led war on
Iraq.
One hundred people gathered
on the steps ofthe Vancouver Art
Gallery to remember the innocent
victims of the Gulf War and to
demand that United Nations
sanctions against Iraq be lifted.
"More than three million Iraqi
children are facing disease, starvation and death," said Randy
Thomas, a Canadian peace activist who spent four months in
Iraq—before, during and after the
Gulf War.
"In fact, the war against Iraq
continues today underneath the
biggest media cover-up in recent
history," he said.
Economic sanctions against
Iraq, which have been in effect
since before the war began, continue to have a devastating effect,
Thomas said.
"I would like to draw your
attention to one of the greatest
tragedies of the Gulf War—the
tragedy in Kurdistan," said
Mudrik Said during his address.
Said, who is of Kurdish descent, left Iraq two years ago and
has not heard any news from his
family since the war began.
As many as five million Iraqi-
Kurds may face extinction if their
immediate needs are not addressed, Said said.
"If you ask any Kurd—man,
woman or child—they will tell you
that they don't see the end to this
oppression," he said.
In the months after the Gulf
War, the plight of the Kurdish
people was front-page news in the
US. However, Said said, these
stories were used to make Saddam
Hussein's regime look bad and,
moreover, to justify the Gulf War.
"George Bush called for an
uprising against Saddam Hussein
and when we rose up, he betrayed
us, he gave us no support." Said
said that in spite ofthe odds, the
Kurdish people will continue to
fight for recognition and for survival.
Vigil keeper at Iraq-US war anniversary.
PAUL GORDON PHOTO
NDP freezes advanced
education spending
by Rick Hiebert
BC colleges and universities
should prepare for another cold
front following a government proposal to freeze post-secondary
education spending, coupled with
the possibility that the NDP may
not freeze tuition fees.
NDP finance minister Glen
Clark announced last week that
funding may be frozen at 1991
levels.
Citing a possible $3 billion
deficit in the spring 1992 budget,
Clark said social spending ministries—including higher education—should set budgets for next
year with no funding increases,
which means a cut in services
when inflation is considered.
"Some very tough decisions
have to be made," Clark said. "We
have to ask the ministries to take
a good hard look at where they
spend their money."
Advanced Education minister
Tom Perry has also created concern among students that the government may revoke its fall election promise to cap tuition fees at
BC post-secondary institutions.
"We're in the process of examining all our options in the ministries," Perry said. "It's too early to
say what will emerge in the budgetary process."
The cabinet committee that
plans the budget, the Treasury
Board, meets Monday.
Perry said a tuition freeze
would have to be announced in
the next two months, before governing boards set their tuitions
for next fall.
But "students are tired of excuses," said Brad Lavigne, BC
chair of the student lobby group
the Canadian Federation of Students.
"The idea of a spending freeze
is very scary. With a freeze, the
NDP government would wind up
possibly acting worse than the
Socreds recently have.
"It will hurt everything. It
will delay ongoing projects, well
see fewer courses and less spaces
for students. Entire departments
or faculties that don't make
money, or are a real drain financially could be cut," he said.
The CFS-BC has launched a
student letter writing campaign
based on pre-printed postcards to
help the group lobby the government.
"We won't let up. We will be
intensely lobbying MLAs and the
cabinet as well. I hope that there'll
be public pressure put on them so
they'll come through for students,"
Lavigne said.
David Mitchell, Opposition
advanced education critic, says
he is "alarmed" by the NDFs flip
flops on advanced education
policy, particularly on the tuition
freeze issue.
"They used the tuition freeze
to woo the student vote and they
were quite aggressive in that,"
the Liberal MLA said. "If we can't
take the NDP at their word, then
this government is no better than
the last one. They'll be Socreds in
socialist clothing."
Mitchell said the financial
situation "shouldn't have been a
surprise to the NDP."
"I don't think that the NDP
has the right to use the financial
situation to back out of their
promises to students," he said. "A
one year tuition freeze isn't a
panacea for all the system's problems, but it would be a start to do
what needs to be done."
If the spending freeze takes
place in the next budget, it will be
the first year since the Social
Credit government cuts in the
early'80s that education spending
has not increased.
Bookstore
bombing shocks
community
by Paul Dayson
. Lesbians and gays gathered in the West End last Sunday to voice their support for
the owners of Vancouver's lesbian and gay bookstore after it
was bombed on the night of
January 7.
About
25 people
congregated
outside the
Little
Sister's
bookstoreto
participate
in a rally
and march
around the
West End.
Some of
the participants questioned the
lack of concern being shown by
the media.
One participant, Margret
Knight, said, "Bombs dont go
off in Vancouver, only Little
Sister's has been bombed, but
the mainstream media hasn't
given it much attention."
V    /
\'/f
S/ f
\/
"l was upset and shocked
by the bombing," she said.
Mary Brooks ofthe Pacific
Foundation for the Advancement of Minority Equality
(PFAME) said the march "was
a show of support for Little
Sister's, which
has remained
open all these
years despite
harassment by
Canada Customs [who have
seized shipments of books]
and being
bombed before."
"We certainly
need business
people like the
bookstore's
owners," she
said.
Indeed, Little Sister's co-
owner Jim Deva said many
people in the lesbian and gay
community took the bombing
personally. The rally's organizer, he said, "felt personally
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1992 on
Thursday, Jan. 23 at 12:30pm
in the office.
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2/THE UBYSSEY
January 17,1992 NEWS
Good enough to stay
by Graham Cook
On any average morning on
the West Side of Vancouver they
can be seen: women of colour, often
Filipino, walking young children
to school or pushing prams. They
are officially designated as Foreign Domestic Workers, and their
normally stressful lives are even
more uneasy today.
For many of the women, the
long hours, isolation, sexual harassment and abuse they face are
compensated for with the possibility of applying for landed immigrant status after two-years work.
Now there is confusion as rumours circulate that the landed
immigrant provisions have been
or are about to be dropped.
Roger White, a spokesperson
for Canada Employment and Immigration, said there has been no
change yet in current policy.
The rumours stem from a
poorly worded telex sent to visa
offices, which used the words the
programme [for domestic workers]
is dead'."
White said it was "inappropriate to speculate about what
changesmightoccur"tothe Foreign
Domestic Workers Movement
policy, though he did not rule out
the possibility of the landed immigrant application provision being dropped.
"There is a policy revision in
the works, and proposals are in
front ofthe minister right now."
But Cenen Bagom, ofthe West
Coast Domestic Workers' Association (WCDWA), said as far as she
knows the assessment process for
domestic workers has already
changed. It now treats applicants
as temporary labour only, rather
than under the more stringent
qualifications that domestics faced
as "potential landed immigrants."
Bagom said if domestic workers are "temporary only" they will
be devalued and further exploited.
"We made recommendation s to the
ministry two years ago, when a
change was promised. We asked
first and foremost for the continued right of domestics to apply for
landed immigrant status."
Lorina Seraficois worried that
in the next two months she may be
denied the opportunity to apply
for landed immigrant status. She
arrived in Canada in March 1990,
from metro Manila.
"I came to Canada from
Greece, where I was also a domestic
worker, because ofthe landed immigrant opportunity. In Greece we
had benefits, good conditions, but
most domestic workers come to
Canada because we can apply for
status."
Filipinos like Serafico make
up more than half of the domestic
workers admitted to Canada each
year. A representative of the
Philippines consul-general in
Vancouver said "it is the prerogative of the host country to determine its own affairs" regarding
work visas, but admitted the objections she has heard from groups
like WCDWA have been valid.
"Like most immigrants, we are really
working hard. Why are
people worried that we
will be going on welfare?"
Ed Carmona of Paragon Personnel, an agency in Burnaby that
links foreign domestic workers
with Canadian families, said the
possible changes should not affect
the business.
"Ninety-nine per cent of the
Filipino girls [sic] come here to
apply for landed status, but they'll
still come. No country anywhere
else will allow them to apply for
residency."
As well as lobbying to keep
the landed immigrant provision,
the WCDWA is pushing for other
changes to the Foreign Domestic
Workers policy.
"We want changes in visa restrictions which would allow
women to work for more than one
employer and to live outside of
their employer's household if they
choose," Bagom said. They also
want the contracts between employer and domestic worker mutu-
Lorina Serafico, Vancouver domestic worker from the Philippine**
ally agreed upon and enforceable.
"Although domestics are
forced to stay with the employer
with whom they sign the contract,
the employer is not forced to pay
the minimum wage which is specified," she said.
Serafico said many domestic
workers are being paid less than
minimum wage. "Even if it's written in the contract that it's $509.00
a month net [after room and board
deductions], the domestic workers
will take anything.
"There is always the fear that
you might be deported. Many
people don't complain to their
employers because they don't know
their rights." she said.
"Immigration doesn't give out
information."
Domestic workers face more
than pay and immigration hassles,
Serafico said.
"There are definitely cases of
sexual harassment and assault.
They just can't press charges, because of fear. The only thing you
can do is leave the place, hopefully."
She also spoke ofthe difficulties of living in the same place that
she works.
"This is not my home. I'm liv-
UBC Faculty try for communal housing
by Rick Hiebert
UBC professors are trying to
get university approval for faculty-
owned housing on campus.
The Faculty Association went
to the Board of Governors (BoG)
meeting on Thursday hoping to
win their support for a plan to
build 70 units of communal housing for UBC faculty members and
retirees.
"I believe that we were well
received," said William Cullen,
Faculty Association president, "I
think ifs up to the board to do their
homework so we can get working
on the idea, or something like it.
"This is a proposal model—if
it is successful, it can be used for
all sorts of housing on campuses
across the country," Cullen said.
The proposal plan calls for
faculty to invest $20,000 as a down
payment for an apartment or
townhouse and thereafter pay 30
per cent of their income monthly.
The units wouldbe collectively
run by a committee of the home
owners; the university would only
own the land. The Faculty Association suggests a plot of land on
Wesbrook Mall, beside Acadia, for
the site.
The BoG discussed the proposal, but nothing concrete was
decided about it.
UBC faculty have been trying
to launch faculty housing since
1920. The last serious effort—an
attempt to form collective housing
in the early 1970s—failed when
the university decided not to support the project.
Cullen is optimistic, pointing
out that in a survey of faculty last
fall, over 170 members expressed
interest in collectively-owned faculty housing.
"The (UBC-owned) Hampton
Place development (on Wesbrook
Mall) was one ofthe real spurs of
this proposal. Professors were
saying that as long as the university is building houses for sale,
why aren't they buying some affordable housing for faculty?"
Cullen said.
There are many advantages
to having faculty housing, Cullen
said. Aside from appealing to faculty with families, communal
housing would give professors more
time to work.
"Professors can spend more
time being professors. Instead of
commuting to Richmond or Port
Coquitlam, they can spend time
with students, researching or
learning more about their fields,"
Cullen said.
A local collective housing
consulting group, the Access
Building Association, is helping the
Faculty Association with their
proposal. Doug Robinson of Access
said the group had already done
some planning for the proposed
units and the housing could be
ready about 18 months after the
project was launched.
"It's an innovative approach,
due to the way it is structured,"
Robinson said. "It's great to see the
idea of housing on acampus that is
entirely run by the people who live
there, not the university."
Derek Miller, student representative on the BoG, likes the
idea of collective housing, but not
necessarily the proposal brought
forward.
"The concept is not clear
enough right now, in my opinion,
to decide either way," Miller said.
"The idea has its merits, but I
wonder if there is a better way to
go about it that will help more
faculty and start housing staff and
students too."
ing here temporarily. I don't have
the total right toinvite people over.
But for other people it's worse.
Their time is exploited," she said.
"Even after their work is done at
the end of the day, the employer
can go out for a while and say, can
you look after the kids, can you
answer the phone, and there's
nothing you can do. You can't leave
the children. You can't charge extra for that.
"There are many cases that
people are stuck in the basement
near the laundry room, just a bed
thrown in the corner."
The conditions Serafico described have not changed much
since foreign domestic workers
were first brought into Canada 100
years ago. However, their immigration status as either workers
indentured to a specific family or
citizens with more extensive rights
has fluctuated.
The -most recent changes began in 1973 when the "temporary
work visa" was introduced to stop
workers from quitting their domestic jobs and taking on other
work. The temporary visa ties a
domestic to one specific employer
under a contract, for a period of
one to two years.
In 1978, responding to pressure from domestic workers' associations, the government allowed
domestics to apply for landed immigrant status after two years of
work. Race and national origin
have also played an important role
in the entrance of foreign domestic
workers. Until the 1940s it was
common practice to admit domestic workers according to the racial
criteriaof their British or Europe an
background. This changed as the
supply of willing "nannies" from
Europe decreased. By 1955, the
Domestic Worker Program began
importing workers from the Caribbean.
With new domestic workers
comingfrom the "Third World" new
and often racist attitudes emerged.
Women forced to seek employment
as domestics because of economic
factors became identified with
certain traits that made them
somehow more appropriate for
household labour.
As part of her UBC MA thesis
on domestic workers, Mary Devan
conducted interviews at various
"nanny" agencies. Respondents
described Filipinos as "superior"
to British or Swedish nannies in
several ways:
"They tend to be quite domesticated in their upbringing. It's
their whole nature. They are a
little more subservient....They
GRAHAM COOK PHOTO
don't go out at night, they're not as
social....They will be more loyal
and conscientious, [and] you could
eat off the floor, they're that clean."
Filipino women made up more
than half of the 3,600 people admitted under the Domestic Workers Movement programme in 1989,
according to the Immigration
Ministry's annual report. Women
from non-European countries
made up approximately 80 per cent
of all those admitted.
Most domestic workers come to Canada
because we can apply
for [landed immigrant]
status.	
Since World War Two, demand for live-in workers has increased as more women from
middle- and upper-class backgrounds have entered the
workforce. Without job flexibility
or partners willing to do their share
ofthe work, some women consider
either finding adequate daycare
or hiring live-in domestic workers.
Ruth Sandwell, a PhD student at UBC and the Serafico's
employer put "a lot of thought"
into her decision. "It's a real conflict. Fve been at home with the
girls for seven years, doing the
work Lorina did without pay and
with longer hours.
"Domestic work is fine, it's
important, but the problem is when
it is the only thingyou do. The new
legislation is putting Third World
women into that position, the same
position that women who are hiring nannies have been the first
generation to escape," she said.
Serafico expressed concern
about a possible backlash. "I don't
know how people will see us, ask-
ingfor this kind of thing, now with
this economic depression and everything. I really believe though,
that we deserve these rights.
"Like most immigrants, we are
really working hard. Why are
people worried that we will be going on welfare? Why would we
suffer two years of exploitation if
we are only planning to beg? We're
hard workers, I can assure you
that. And we are putting money
into UI anyway, paying taxes,
paying CPP," she said.
There will be a public information forum organized by the
WCDWA, on Sunday, February 2
from l-4pm at the Holiday Inn
(Columbia Room), 1110 Howe
Street.
January 17,1992
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Horizons: science fiction
playground of the mind
by Morgan Maenling
HORIZONS Science Fiction Journal
(biannual: Fall 91) is like a fistful of precious stones. On closer examination some are
simply interesting, coloured fragments while
occasionally one discovers a rare glittering jewel.
At first glance, Eric Hotz's cover art for this
issue is dazzling. However you will need hip-
waders for the next part of the journey which
requires you to bulldoze through editor Dave New's
ambitious but long-winded introduction.
Having read New's lovely introductions in the
past, I am convinced he was trying to examine far
too much in too small a space-time continuum.
The best two stories include Barry Hammond's
ironic orbital morality play, The Lesson, which
helps us realize the unappreciated but practical
value of guilt.
Don H. Debrandt's Brainframe Blues is a
verbally and visually enticing tech no-mystery
which will make you think twice about wearing
your emotions on your sleeve.
Not surprisingly, both these writers have had
novels published (Debrandt's The Quicksilver and
Hammond's Cold Front).
Disappointment furrowed my wretched brow
when I realized that med-student Peter E.
MacDougall did not contribute a story of his own
for this issue.
The Cold, a clever story of a new mode of
transportation for genetic secrets, (Horizons SF/
Fall 90), is certainly one ofthe most original, well-
researched and imaginative pieces I have ever
read. I look forward to whatever "the doctor" will
manage to synthesize in between patients.
Another pearl in the strand is Michael Dean's
insightful essay, Media, on the Hollywood adapta-
tion-bastardization syndrome of science fiction in
film.
A veritable Kvetsch-fest for purists, this piece
provides arguments for those who like their SF
straight up.
Science fiction has been called the literature of
ideas. Horizons SF carries on the best of that
tradition with a fresh crop of gifted writers, some
who will clearly continue to sparkle in the future.
Unsteady hand of suspense
by Anna Dupas
PEYTON Flanders (Rebecca
de Mornay) is hell-bent on
revenge. She has just suffered
two devastating blows: the
suicide of her husband and the
miscarriage of her baby. With a
distorted sense of logic, she
blames Claire Bartel (Annabella
Sciorra) for these tragedies.
FILM /'
The Hand that Rocks the
Cradle
now playing
Claire, unaware that she is
the target of a killer, is enjoying
an idyllic life with her husband
and two young children in a
green, peaceful suburb of Seattle.
The demands of juggling the
multiple roles of wife, mother
and career-woman soon persuade
her to hire a nanny. Not surprisingly, Peyton applies for the
position and her gracious
manner wins Claire's trust and
the job.
And so enters the proverbial
serpent into paradise.
Like most films, The Hand
that Rocks the Cradle is somewhat predictable; nevertheless at
times it succeeds in arousing
suspense. This is largely due to
the audience's anticipation ofthe
devious, sometimes ingenious,
ploys Peyton devises in order to
alienate-—and ultimately
eliminate—Claire from her own
family.
De Mornay, who has been
accused of wooden acting in the
past, is faultless in her role. The
incongruence between her
soothing voice and her haunted,
icy gaze is unsettling.
Although the cast performs
with competence, many ofthe
characters remain bland. Among
the sizzling few are Peyton and
Marlene (Julianne Moore),
Claire's raunchy yet charming
best friend.
The Hand that Rocks the
Cradle, originally written as a
graduate thesis project, marks
the promising debut of screenwriter Amanda Silver. /■VKslJ*
AMS's spirited holiday present
fey Heather Mahony
FpRIDAY was a night to
remember for fans of
Spirit ofthe West. Compared
to concerts at UBC in the
past, the turnout was great—
this was likely due to the
sheer popularity ofthe band,
but tha low ticket price (eight
dollars for students, ten
dollars for non-students) was
surely not a deterrent. In any
case, 500 tickets sold out in
only two days.
MUSIC
Spirit of the West
SUB Ballroom
January 10
The energy was that of
familiarity, fondness, and in a
few cases, nostalgic. Although
there were a few die-hard
"tripping up the stairs" fans
who cheered and stomped to
"the crawl," the majority of
the crowd seemed to respond
more to the tunes off the
recently released Go Figure.
Political Polaroid and
Goodbye Grace were particularly well received.
The energy peaked when
the crowd began singing along
to Water in the Well. Accordionist Linda Mikal responded
to this appreciation with
apparent surprise.
The closeness between the
band and audience was not
hard to pick up. The enthusiasm of the stage divers was
not appreciated by John
Mann, however, and warnings were dished out accordingly. Apart from this the
band-crowd interaction was
friendly.
It seems that with the
summer release of Go Figure,
Spirit ofthe West has broken
out of their former Celtic
style, producing more diverse
music, and in doing so,
drawing in a new and wider
audience.
This new approach
appeals to students because
it presents music with a
strong view on local issues
and politics, but judging from
the concert, we can also
dance to it.
The University of British Columbia
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
SARCOPHAGUS
by Vladimir Gubaryev
Directed by Kathleen Weiss
Chernobyl - a 20th century tragedy
January 15-25
Special 2 for 1 Wednesday January 15
Curtain 8:00 pm
Reservations and Information 822-2678
Support Your Campus Theatre
*\
Substantial music mind bender
by Jaoquln Washington
D
w
^se<:
ROP time, 7pm; on the bus.
This is her first trip. Oh
precarious perception!
Drunken teens, aging rockers,
expectant wide-eyed 15 year olds,
drugged rich kids, and of course us,
the heads; we are a herd of energy
;kers, slithering into the Coliseum
to see Lenny Kravitz and the Cult.
MUSIC
The Cult
Coliseum
January 11
►       We find our seats in time to dig
into the end of Kravitz's Mr. Cab
"driver. The not-so-average opening
band already has the crowd high
with excitement. As Kravitz rhythmically screws his guitar, some women
exclaim, "He's so sexy!"
I'm starting to peak.
f-       Now Kravitz takes a few
moments to be political, "It's a new
■^*ear...and I believe this generation is
the last one that can save this place!"
He then incites the crowd to join
hands and "be one." Over the now
screaming crowd Kravitz yells,
"Because if we can't do it in here then
well never do it in the real world!"
Kravitz then appropriately
closes off his set with "Let Love Rule,"
and he dives into the crowd, while the
entire coliseum enthusiastically helps
him sing the chorus, "Le....T Lu...v
Roooool!"
She's starting to feel the doses, I
hope the Cult isn't too insane.
By the end ofthe intermission
half the crowd is totally stoned. Some
have smoked weed, others have
dropped acid, some are still drunk
from their earlier Crown Royal
encounters; and of course there are
those who are high on the excitement
and Kravitz's set.
However, despite the drugs and
those anticipating the Cult, much of
the crowd seems to have forgotten or
perhaps does not know where they
are and what this is all about.
Yet by the end ofthe night Ian
Astbury and the rest ofthe Cult
definitely serve to remind them that
they are at a rock and roll concert
which, in essence is about mind
bending energy.
And mind bending they were.
Armed with the screaming guitar of
Billy Duffy, the guttural moans of
Astbury, plus a wizard of a
keyboardist, a hard hitting rhythm
section and a laser light show
complete with a three story-screen
behind the stage, the Cult assaulted
the crowds senses with both sight and
David Cronehberg and William S. Burroughs invite you to lunch.
"THE MOVIE MINDBLOWER
OF THE YEAR."
- Bill Harris, SHOWTIME
"A STUNNINGLY SURREAL
TOUR-DE-FORCE!**
- Lawrence Frascella, US MAGAZINE
"David C ronen berg's triumph!
The casting is flawless: Judy Davis
is fantastic and Peter Weiler was born
to play this role."
- Daphne Davis, AMERICAN WOMAN
"Spellbinding, hallucinatory weirdness.
Burroughs and Cronenberg are a unique
combination that can't be beat."
- Paul Wunder, WBAI RADIO
sound for over two hours. Playing a'
combination of new material and
older Cult classics such as She Sells
Sanctuary, Ciao Baby, Love Removal
Machine, and Fire Woman they had
the crowd in a dizzying fury by the
end ofthe second encore.
For some of us, the twisting,
flashing, dripping, and spiralling
lights helped to enhance the drugs.
For others the lights along with the
music helped to simulate the acid
experience. One fan who cleared her
section because she was slam-
dancing so hard attested, "Those
lights made me feel like I was on
acid." Those who were actually on
LSD, were picking light beams out of
the air and sticking them in their
pockets for later use..
With Astbury demanding, "Set
your spirits free!" and Kravitz
reminding us that we can live and
love in harmony, this was a bill that
served to wake or at least blow a few
minds as we recovered from the
unenlightened '80s. At the very
least, perhaps one 15 year old in
attendance, wearing the required
Blues For Allah T-shirt had a
slightly better idea of what it meant.
She survived the show but this
is just the beginning of a strange
and shiny evening.
RESTRICTED
Soma gory scenes, Occasional nudity, sugestlve scenes and vary course language
PARK
7:00 & 9:30 only
3440 CAMBIE
876-2747
1:45  4:30  7:00 9:35 Ed i tori a
War forgotten?
This time last year Canada had just embarked on a
war.
This year a very few people held a vigil.
All that now remains in our conciousness are TV
coverage of a "video game" war, collectors' cards and
victory parades.
None of us have even begun to understand the devastation our country, as part ofthe alliance against Iraq, so
easily unleashed; The only images we have seen are the
carefully screened ones that have been allowed to reach
us...the cheerful visions of victorious soldiers.
We have not seen the suffering.
We are told the war had a "low cost in human life."
But we have only looked at the casualties ofthe forces
opposing Iraq. Is the number of Iraqis who have died and
continue to die because ofthe war immaterial?
During the war we heard repeatedly about the accuracy of "smart bombs." We were not told they were only a
small percentage of the bombs used against Iraq. The
bombing ofBaghdad was indiscriminate, as dropping tonnes
of explosives on a city night after night can only be. It was
terror bombing.
Nor were the "smart bombs" as accurate as we were led
to believe. They mi ssedmilitary targets andkilled civilians.
They flattened schools, hospitals and residential areas.
Civilian targets were also intentionally targetted either through poor intelligence or to destroy Iraq's economy:
an air raid shelter with 200 civilian occupants was intentionally bombed, the infamous "milk plant" we were told
was factory for chemical weapons was a powdered milk
plant, and the Baghdad power plant was bombed 13 times
even though it was destroyed the first time. Now it will cost
20 billion dollars to reconstruct the plant.
And people are still dying in Iraq while we buy documentaries of Desert Storm from Time-Life and watch Top
Gun competitions on TV.
The child mortality rate is three times what it was
before the war, due to an epidemic of typhoid fever. The
lack of electricity has stopped the water supply and the
disposal of sewage. Raw untreated sewage is being dumped
into the river from which people have to drink.
Food prices in Iraq have risen 1000 per cent. A one litre
bottle of baby formula costs ten per cent of an average
family's monthy income. A bottle of water costs the
equivalent of nine US dollars.
Hospitals are only performing emergency operations
due to a lack of medical supplies and staff. Operations are
being performed without anesthesia or oxygen.
This was all caused by the war and the devastation our
country and our allies inflicted on the economic structure
of Iraq.
In northern Iraq, the Kurds for whom the war held
some hope, are living without shelter and being forced to
leave their destroyed villages by the weather and stravation.
During the war they were the evidence of Saddam
Hussein's brutality but any aid from the Americans or our
country in achieving their autonomy from Iraq was out of
the question. Our ally Turkey has its own oppressed
Kurdish minority and would not favour an independent
Kurdish state on its border.
And in Kuwait, the "democracy" we claim to have gone
to war for, the foreign nationals, the majority Palestinian
refugees, have begun the clean up while the rich party.
theUbyssey
January 17,1992
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The editorial office is room 241K ofthe Student
Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 822-2301;
advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press
"I saw the best minds of my generation destroy themselves on bad coffee and cold pizza from the Gallery." Teld
Young-Ing wanted more Chet Baker, but Sagel Davies dont
play that no more. Maltthew Martin thinks that Paullla
Welllling is wrong about napkins as a fashion statement. Beck
was not really here. Diane Rudolllf made certain that Llucho
Van Isschot was wearing his winter woolies as Paull Dayson
looked on seriously. Sam Green walked very very very far to
catch Rick Hielbert at a quiet time. Elffie Pow, Ra****ull
Peschiera, and Shlaron Llindores quite by accident fell into a
mean little infinity trap which they were able to escape from
with body heat, a brick, and a piece of rancid cheese. Carlal
Malftechuk was confused. Grahlam (the other) gazed on as
Chris Batchellor tryed to reason with an infinity trap with a
thirst for T names. Jason Merciler accidentally slipped as he
reached for the remaining artichoke which he mistook for his
doorkey. Rebelecca Bishop carefully searched for the answer
with Heather Malhony was just visiting. Mike Coury and
Graham Colleman gave it an eight, but you couldn't dance to
it.
Editor*
Paul Dayson • Sharon Undo-** • Carla Maftechuk
Raul Peschiera  •  Effie Pow
Photo editor • Paul Gordon
\HB A& W01" *■" ^ WVftt m [fim
Letters
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but it Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit tetters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
Retire reform
party racism
Robert Christian is splitting hairs when he claims
that the quotes from William Gairdner's The Trouble
With Canada (January 7) do
not show the Reform Party
asaracist, sexist or anti-gay
organization.
First off, Bob, I chose to
use Gairdner precisely because Reform's "Blue Book"
of party -policies is ambiguous about its positions on
race, women and workers.
Immigration, for example, is
discussed in the Blue Book
with reference to a "core culture." Preston Manning
won't say what that is, but
Gairdner does—WHITE
PEOPLE.
Similarly, Reform's proposed referendum on abortion seems reasonable until
you realize that public opinion consistently supports a
woman'srighttochoose. And
Reform's 15 percent cut in
federal spending will mean
firing   hundreds of thou
sands of workers. Manning
politely said during his UBC
talk that redundant public
servants willfind workinthe
private sector, but Gairdner
could care less if posties and
tax clerks starved as long as
they and their unionized coworkers weren't doing it on
the public payroll.
Second, the implications
of defining Canadians as
white Europeans is that
multicultural policies can be
terminated in the interest of
making every immigrant
"Canadianized."
This is Reform Party policy,
and Gairdner defends this
"melting pot" approach as a
success in American society
where people can keep their
culture if they want to pay
for it. This seems fair until
you remember that immigrants pay taxes too. So, Bob,
if you deny public money to
programmes for certain
groups of taxpayers because
their cultures aren't "Canadian," THAT'S RACIST.
Thirdly, you hold up
theparagon of womanhood.
REAL Women opposes publicly funded childcare, choice
on abortion, equal opportunity hiring practises, pay
equity, condoms and safe-
sex education in high
schools, and lesbian and gay
rights. These issues are not
the exclusive agenda of
"radicals" but are supported
by a significant majority of
Canadians.
Fourthly, you use the
word "fabrication" to describe the discrepancies between your original letter
and my rebuttal. This term
suggests that I am attempting to perpetrate a devious
crime consistent with the
lesbian- secular-socialist
conspiracy which pervades
virtually every chapter of
Gairdner's work. Bigotry is
intolerance, Bob, and, based
on the evidence I have presented, it is your Reform
Party pals who are "absurd."
Enjoy your retirement,
Bob: obviously your math
served you better than your
rotten politics.
Ian Weniger
Victim of
privilege
As a fourth generation
Canadian, my future in this
country looks pretty grim.
No, I am not impoverished
or on welfare. In fact, I am
from a middle class family,
and I am paying for my own
education. No, I am not disabled or too sick to work. I
am perfectly healthy and
willing to work. No, I am not
a slow learner or too lazy to
study. After all, I wouldn't
be here at UBC without a
certain amount of academic
achievement. No, my problem isn't so obvious, but it
will prove to be an impediment when the time comes
to choose a career. If you
guessed discrimination in
the workplace, you are correct. You see, I am a heterosexual Caucasian
male...with no special interest groups to protect me.
Charles Besko
Forestry 1
Something is rotten in the state of America
JFK, Oliver Stone's recent movie, has started
some heated debate in the
American media. By far
the majority of commentators arelambastinghimfor
perpetuating "lies."
Newsweek has an entire
issue dedicated to this
pursuit. Elsewhere they
are maligning his motives,
or trying to show, for example, how his parents'
divorce influenced his suspicions about adults (ie.
Warren Commission) telling him the truth. They
have done the same to Jim
Garrison, the district attorney (played by Kevin
Costner in JFK) who in
1969 brought to trial an
alleged CIA agent for the
murder of John F.
Kennedy. He's been accused of having paranoid
delusions and being on a
"witch hunt." In essence,
what the media is doing is
trivializing the issue. By
focusing on Stone and
Garrison they are evading
the real question of who
killed Kennedy, and more
importantly, why.
Conspiracies, say critics, are not compatible with
the haphazard and chaotic
nature of real life politics.
Where did these people get
their schooling, one wonders? Have they not read
their history? It abounds
with conspiracies, even in
recent democracies for that
matter, let alone in times of
autocratic
rule when
that was |
the only
way of power. Watergate and
the Iran-Contra affair were
blatant conspiracies under
their very nose. And what
about the simple fact that
the files on the Kennedy assassination are locked away
until the year 2029? Isn't
that significant, and worth
the media's efforts to urge
the public to protest? Something is rotten in the state of
America.
But who do these people
in the media really represent? They certainly don't
represent the majority ofthe
public, they believe otherwise. The media who are
essentially supposed to be
the objective disseminators
of information, the eyes and
ears of the public, the body
that is meant to tell the
masses what their elected
representatives are up to,
have forsaken this role and
become instead watchdogs
for those in power, practising what Walter Lipmann
and Noam Chomsky call "the
manufacture of consent."
Power ultimately resides
in those institutions that
make the
mmmrnxx laws of a
country
(politi -
cians), those that control its
finances (banks), those that
control its defense (need I
spell it), and those that control information (media).
Should these institutions
ever fall under the control of
a select group of people who
share the same ideology,
however noble their intentions, the fundamentals of
democracy would be quickly
eroded.
Witness what is happening now. Politicians who
have the largest financial
contributions toward their
campaigns more often than
not get elected. They in turn
borrow roughly $300 billion
a year (the approximate
yearly U.S. government and
defense budget) mostly from
financial institutions and
those with massive amounts
of capital and give it to the
military industrial complex. The American people
are nearly three trillion
dollars in debt to date; to
whom one should rightly
ask. To understand the
role ofthe media in all this
you need only to compare
how the press treated
Carter, the human rights
activist, and Reagan, the
"teflon president", under
whose term the U.S.
doubled its military expenditure and quadrupled
its debt. Then findout who
owns the media giants
ABC.NBC, CBS, NY Times
etc. Should they be the
same as the defense contractors and financial institutions the circle is complete.
Those who strive for
power and domination in
life know that, as in chess,
you need not think twenty
moves ahead to win, but
only one move ahead of
your opponent. The best
thing conspirators can do
is to keep popular the idea
that their existence is our
delusion: one crushing
move. Invisibility has obvious advantages.
Amir Izadi
Med IV
6/THE UBYSSEY
January 17,1992 I£?f£itt
Love, anger & bliss
Cheryl Niamath's review
(January 14th) of Love and Anger,
the current production at the
Vancouver Playhouse, omits
mentioning some basic facts about
the play. If the show wasn't the best
thing to hit the stage in Vancouver
in a year (since Touchstone's Unidentified Human Remains), it
wouldn't matter enough to point
these out. It is, and here goes.
The play moves the audience in
the best theatrical sense with a full
range of emotion, from joy and
delight to grief and anger. At the
performance I attended, the audience signalled its enthusiasm for
this energy by bursting into loud
applause at every scene change.
The ideas presented to us
through this very visceral show
excised any ordinary attempt to
communicate through the theatre.
But this is no ordinary play, having earned for its author, George
F. Walker, the Chalmers Award
for best play in 1989. (Note that
this is a Canadian award, i.e., the
Playhouse is presenting Canadian
theatre whose quality is second to
none.)
The drama in Love and Anger
turns on the confrontation between
the powerful and the disenfranchised in our society, a timeless
theme that is given a contemporary rendering through the meta-
phorof sports stadiumsbeingbuilt
in the midst of growing
homelessness. Toronto faced this
issue with its Skydome five years
ago, and the developers won.
Vancouver faced this issue with
Expo, and the developers won. Do
you have any doubts about the
proposed hockey arena on a downtown Vancouver site going ahead?
The comedy ofthe script comes
to us through the quixotic nature
of Petie Maxwell's quest to "undermine the entire institutional
bias of our culture" by teaming up
with, among others, an ex-mental
patient. The latter role is written
and acted with raucous yet self-
critical humour and brilliant
subtlety.
Norman Browning's excellent
performance as the soli citorfor bad
guy media magnate John Connor
was the only piece of acting not
evaluatedby Niamath. Browning's
exceptional control over facial expressions, body gestures, and voice
modulation wrings out waves of
laughter from the audience in a
finely understated counterpoint
to the grandstanding, over the top
comedy provided by other characters.
The technical aspects of the
show are first rate, particularly
Pearl Bellesen's set and costume
design.
If you see only one play this
year, see Love and Anger.
Harald Gravelsins
HOT FLASH
VOLUNTEER positions are
available:
1. Table games, musical entertainer for seniors
2. Hydrotherapy (pool) aide
3. "Buddy Program volunteer"
for autistic citizens
4. Childcare assistant (children
under 6)
5. Big Sisters or Big Brothers
For more information, please
drop by the volunteer connections office at Brock Hall room
307 (in the Employment Centre) Monday-Fridays 8:30-2:30.
20
WOMEN STUDENTS' OFFICE
Services:
Feminist   Counselling
Individual   Advocacy
Resource  Library
Groups:
Mature Women Students
Sexual Abuse Survivors
Worrying About Your Weight
Managing   School-Related   Stress
Graduate Students
Mature Nursing Students
Ideas or suggestions for workshops and groups
are welcome.
For further information or appointments,
call 822-2415
Brock Hall #203 Open: 9:00 to 4:30 pm
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January 17,1992
THE UBYSSEY/7 NEWS
Campus rape trial sparks anger
by Krishna Rau
TORONTO (CUP)—In the wake of
a December acquittal in one
ofthe first campus date rape trials
in Canada, women's groups say
universities must take far stronger action.
Robert Van Oostrom, a graduate of Queen's University,
was charged last fall with four
counts of sexual assault
against three women between 1987
and 1989. Van Oostrom was a
Queen's engineering student at the
time, and all the complainants were
Queen's students.
The women testified that Van
Oostrom ignored their refusal to
have sex. Van Oostrom testified
each of the women consented to
have sex with him.
Women in Kingston staged protests after the decision,
which the crown is appealing. The
crown attorney has since been
criticized for saying the judge in
the case refused to recognize the
seriousness of date rape.
Women's groups said the decision could make it even
harder for women who had been
raped by an acquaintance to go to
the police.
"Women aren't going to come
forward if they think their
trials are just going to be thrown
out, anyway," sai d a member ofthe
Queen's Women's Centre.
But other groups felt the exten
sive coverage of the trial and the
actions ofthe crown might prompt
more women to come forward.
"In a situation like this, we
would encourage women to report
date rape or assault," said Susan
Bazilli, the legal director of the
Toronto-based Metro Action Committee on Public Violence Against
Women and Children. "The crown
attorney and the prosecution were
very supportive."
"The publicity around the trial
might make university administrations r ecogni ze that they have a
lot of work to do.
"They can't turn a blind eye to
it. They have to take responsibility
for what goes on in their own community."
Susan Addario, safety officer at
the University of Toronto, said
universities have to take notice of
the attitudes of judges and others
within the legal system, and work
to change them.
"I'm not saying they (judges)
are Neanderthals, misogynists or
dinosaurs. They just haven't heard
about the experiences of women.
"The university should be wondering whether we should be taking an active role injudicial training."
She said universities have to
decide whether they want to entrust assault cases to the legal
system or deal with them internally.
But she said universities still
Frat may be cut off
from U of T services
by Wynne Hartviksen
TORONTCKCUP)—AUniversityof
Toronto fraternity may be cut off
from university services because
of allegations by a lesbian and gay
activist group thatit discriminates
against homosexuals.
Last January, a member of
the fraternity told Piet Defraeye, a
representative from the Committee on Homophobia, that any
member ofthe fraternity who came
out as a gay man would "be kicked
out of the residence the next
minute." The fraternity member
said it was Phi Kappa Sigma's
policy.
Defraeye said the incident
occured when he was distributing
committee pamphlets at a display
by the fraternity, even though he
had been given permission to do
so. A Phi Kappa Sigma member
demanded that he remove the
pamphlets immediately, Defraeye
said.
But Ming Zee, the fraternity's
president, denies the existence of a
policy which excludesgaymenfrom
participating in the organization.
The fraternity charter states
the organization is "open to bona
fide male students of an institution" and prohibits the discrimination of members "on the basis of his
race, creed, colour or national origin," but fails to mention sexual
orientation.
"The issue of homosexuality
or homophobia has never entered
our fraternity," said Zee. "Our fraternity does not discriminate in
any way."
Defraeye said the committee
wants the fraternity to issue an
open letter to the committee stating that it does not discriminate
have a lot of thinking to do about
how to handle such cases.
"Do we want to take people who
are engaging in sexually abusive
behaviour and exclude them from
the community?
"Do we want to ask them to do
some kind of community work
which would heal in a more psy
chic way?"
Bazilli said the recent media
spotlight on rape trials might force
universities to make those decisions.
She said the Van Oostrom trial,
as well as the William Kennedy
Smith date rape trial in Florida,
and the recent Supreme Court of
Canada decision to strike down
the "rape shield" law illustrated
the need for more action around
sexual assault.
"Sexual harassment policies are
now part ofthe policy structure of
most universities. Let's take that
one step further with sexual as-J
sault cases."
Minimum wage hike minimal
VICTORIA(CUP)—The British
Columbia NDP government has
delivered on its promise to hike
the minimum wage, but student
representatives say it is inadequate.
Employees 18 years of age
and over will now make at least
$5.50 per hour, up from five
dollars.
Jacquie Best, a student
councillor at the University of
Victoria, said the wage should
be $7 as recommended by the
Canadian Federation of Students.
"It's seen as a very important
student issue, because
increasing financial pressure is
being placed on students to
cover the cost of their education,"
she said.
The hike affects only those
employees now at the minimum
level. An employee receiving
slightly more than the minimum
will not automatically be given
a raise to $5.50.
A part-time employee work-
Minimum wages per hour in other provinces
as of December, 1991
(Source: Labour Canada)   ?
Age                            over 18
under 18
Newfoundland            $4.75
	
Nova Scotia                 $4.75
$4.55
New Brunswick          $5.00
	
Prince Edward Island $4.75
$4.35
Quebec                        	
Ontario                      $5.55
Manitoba                    	
Saskatchewan           	
$5.55
$6.00
S5.00
$5.00
Alberta (Apr/92)    $4 ($4.50)
Northwest Territories $6.00
Yukon                        	
$4.50($6
$6.50
$6.24
ing three six-hour shiftsaweekmakes
$360 a month, just enough to pay a
lowrentin Victoria, similar to rent in
Vancouver.
Best said the increase will not
cover rising education costs, let alone
rent.
"Tuition was up 9.62 per cent last
year, while the maximum student
loan wasn't increased at all," she said.
"Obviously student wages aren't
enough to make up that difference."
Bruce McCulloch, a policy advisor with BC's labour
ministry, said the government has
kept its promise to raise the minimum wage. The province will be
reviewing BC's Employment
Standards Act, and the minimum
wage will likely be discussed during public consultations, he added.
McColloch said the minimum
wage is determined in relation to
average wage rates. If salaries in
the province don't rise, the minimum wage will remain at the same
level, he said.
The provincial government
might match policy recently
introduced in Ontario, where the ,
minimum wage was set at 60 per
cent ofthe average industrial wage,
McCulloch said. The proposal will
be tabled during a review of the
Employment Standards Act.
Best said a realistic minimum r
wage is essential. "Ifs a good place
to start in ensuring that students
against gay men. Committee
members also want the fraternity
to amend its charter so that it
explicitly prohibits discrimination
on the basis of sexual orientation.
Zee said the fraternity condemned the incident in an article
in a student newspaper last year.
That is as far as they are willing to
go because of the committee's
"militant tactics" such as letter-
writing campaigns, he said.
"They're very militant. We
don't have anything to hide, we're
just not prepared to deal with these
people. If s just that we don't want
to respond to an organization like
this, that would take this kind of
approach."
Committee members have
written to the university's housing
service, the student council and
the administration requesting they
cut off the fraternity from services
until it meets the committee's demands.
Housing service director Pearl
Karimalis said the fraternity will
not be listed until it complies.
"We don't list people who deviate from the Human Rights Code
of Ontario," she said. "We don't
want to refer students to a residence like that. We'd do that in the
case of any landlord."
Student council president Peter Guo said the fraternity will be
prohibited from booking the campus pub if they don't change their
tune.
The committee is also pushing for a ban of Phi Kappa Sigma
members from athletic facilities.
"They're just like children,"
said Defraeye. "Ifs up to them. We
are waiting to get their policy. If
they stick with it, they'll have to do
without university services."
nm VI
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862-3188
8/THE UBYSSEY
January 17,1992

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