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The Ubyssey Mar 10, 2014

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Array BRINGING
DEMOCRACY
HOME?
Record numbers of Chinese
students are studying in the West.
Will they pose a political threat
to the authoritarian regime when
they return? P6
IMMIGRATION CHANGES    I EATING OUT
Law revisions make it easier for international students to
travel and get jobs off campus
UBC students like fancy restaurants, but don't
actually like sitting down
UBC SLIPS IN RANKINGS P3 NEW ASIAN-CANADIAN MULTIDISCIPLINARY MINOR P3 WINE JARGON P10
UBC TRIATHLETES ENTER PAIN CAVE P5 MACINNES FIELD NOT DEAD YET P3 UNCOVER CRANE LIBRARY P10 // Page 2
WHAT'S ON I    THIS WEEK, MAY WE:
MONDAY /10
JAPAN FAIR
11 A.M.-3 P.M. @ SUB CONCOURSE
Organized bythe Rits Real Japan
Project, the theme for this fair is for
students to learn the real Japan. The
event coincides with the three year
anniversary of the 2011 east Japan
earthquake. Runs until March 12.
TUESDAY ' 11
CANUCKS
RECRUITMENT FAIR
11 A.M.-2 P.M. @ CENTRE FOR
STUDENT INVOLVEMENT
Nope, not to play alongside the
Sedins (although maybe these
days it doesn't really matter)
but to be part ofthe Vancouver
Canucks/Rogers Arena staff
team. Part time or seasonal event
positions available.
OUR CAMPUS//
ONE ON ONE WITH THE PEOPLE WHO MAKE UBC
THE
COVER
WEDNESDAY' 12
UBYSSEY STAFF
MEETING
12 P.M.® SUB 24
Some are born great, some
achieve greatness and some have
greatness thrust upon them. We
will be voting on whether or not
to implement a pay structure for
contributors nextyearand the
theme for our annual spoof issue.
"We need a Chineseauthorityfigure looking on."
"It has to be a
face people
recognize."
"What'sthe Chinese
equivalent of Uncle
Sam?"
"Let's do a
dragon."
PHOTO JUSTIN LEE/THE UBYSSEY
Second-year comp sci student Justin Lee said he photographed UBC Holi by chance when his roommates told him of the event.
Colours of UBC
The Ubyssey, along with the Artona Group, held a
photo contest soliciting images from UBC students that best captured school spirit. We received
over 40 entries and our judges have picked Justin
Lee's colourful photo of UBC Holi as the winner,
beating out pretty scenic photos, squirrel closeups
and more.
A second-year computer science student, Justin
picked up photography when he was in Grade 6.
"On impulse I decided to document UBC Holi
on March 30 on Maclnnes Field. I had an incredible time photographing the event, and I think that
my image shows not only the diversity of events at
UBC, but also the fun we have as students at the
university. I was, needless to say, covered in colours
by the end ofthe event, as was my camera, but the
images were worth it," Justin wrote in his caption.
PHOTO CARTER BRUNDAGE3THE UBYSSEY
Justin Lee, left, poses with coordinating editor Geoff Lister.
He said it took a while to clean out the powder from
his camera. Holi is traditionally a Hindu festival that
includes the throwing of coloured powder.
"I've never seen anything like that before." XI
"What about a panda? It's more humanoid.
And Stephen Harper held one."
illustration Indiana Joel.
Want to see your events listed here?
Email your events listings to
printeditor@ubyssey.ca
^|THE UBYSSEY
EDITORIAL
Coordinating Editor
Geoff Lister
coorciinating@ubyssey.cs
Managing Editor, Print
Ming Wong
orinteditor@ubyssey.es
Managing Editor, Web
CJ Pentland
webeditor@ubyssey.es
News Editors
Will McDonald +
Sarah Bigam
iews@ubyssey.es
Senior News Writer
Veronika Bondarenko
vbondarenko@ubyssey.es
Culture Editor
Rhys Edwards
eulture@ubyssey.es
Senior Culture Writer
Aurora Tejeida
atejeida@ubyssey.es
Sports + Rec Editor
Natalie Scadden
sports@ubyssey.es
Senior Lifestyle Writer
Reyhana Heatherington
"heatherington@ubyssey.es
Features Editor
Amo Rosenfeld
features@ubyssey.es
Video Producer
Lu Zhang
video@ubyssey.es
Copy Editor
Matt Meuse
eopy@ubyssey.es
Photo Editor
Carter Brundage
ehotos@ubyssey.es
Illustrator
Indiana Joel
joel@ubyssey.es
Webmaster
Tony Li
webmaster@ubyssey.es
Distribution Coordinator
Lily Cai
cai@ubyssey.es
STAFF
Catherine Guan, NickAdams
Kanta Dihal, Marlee Laval,
Angela Tien, Carly Sotas, Alex
Meisner, Luella Sun, Jenny
Tang.AdrienneHembree^
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Kosta Prodanovic, Olivia Law,
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Jenica Montgomery.Austen
Erhardt, Alice Fleerackers
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Jovana Vranic, Mackenzie
Walker, Kaveh Sarhangpour
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LEGAL
The Ubyssey Is the official studentnews-
aaper of the University of Rritish Cn-
urnbia. Itispublished
anclThursclaybyTheUbyssey Publications Society. We are an autonomous,
democratically run student organization, and all students are encouragec
to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written bythe
Jbyssey staff. They are the expressec
opinion ofthe staff, and do not necessarily reflect the views ofThe Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University
of British Columbia. All editorial content
appearing in The Ubyssey is the property ofThe Ubyssey Publications Society. Stones, opinions, photographs anc
artwork contained herein cannot be re-
aroduced with out the expressed, written permission ofThe Ubyssey Publications Society.
_etters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
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editzubmi:: >r length andclar-
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CARLOS
UNDERWRITER, GOR
L INSURANCE AND RISK MANAGEMENT '1
When you're driving, on vacation or even renting out an event space, almost everything
you do or see is protected by insurance.
The BCIT General Insurance and Risk Management program will prepare you to work
in this thriving and growing sector. You will learn the importance of insurance and
risk management, how it affects all industries, and how you can make a difference
in someone's life at home or abroad.
Safeguard your career with an exceptional education.
bcit.ca/insurance
SCHOOL OF
BUSINESS
Real Experience. Real Results. // News
EDITORS WILL MCDONALD + SARAH BIGAM
ASIAN STUDIES »
The Asian-Canadian and migrations patterns minor will include courses on the history of people of Asian descent in Canada.
UBC adds new minor to honour interned Japanese-Canadians
Veronika Bondarenko
Senior News Writer
As part of an ongoing effort
to honour and recognize the
Japanese-Canadian students who
were not able to complete their degrees as a result of being sent to internment camps during World War
II, UBC is adding an Asian-Canadian and migration patterns minor
to the Faculty of Arts.
The multidisciplinary program
will allow students to focus on the
history of Asians in Canada as well
as the various cultural, political
and socioeconomic issues affecting
Asian-Canadians today.
Henry Yu, a history professor
who helped push for the program,
said the minor will bring together
existing courses that are spread
across departments such as English,
film studies and history. Yu said that
as the program expands and student
interest grows, new courses will
also be added to the mix.
Yu hopes the new program will
allow more students to learn about
the stories often left out of Candian
history classes.
"The minor is a way of bringing
in a broader sense ofthe history of
Canada, in particular of a place like
Vancouver, that reach beyond what
we traditionally learn about the
country as a place that was founded
by the French and English," said Yu.
The minor is expected to begin
in September 2014, but since all of
the courses are currently available
through other programs, some students will be able to graduate with
the minor as early as November
2014, Yu said.
Ross King, head ofthe Asian
studies department, also believes
the minor is important for under
standing and embracing the various
communities that make up Vancouver, and Canada more broadly.
King believes the minor, which
will allow students to learn more
about the history of not only
Japanese, but also Chinese, Punjabi,
Persian and Filipino communities in
Canada, will give students a chance
to focus on topics that reflect their
personal history or interests.
"There is a whole lot of different
parameters or backgrounds that
students bring to the class and this
program is unusual in being able
to program for some of that," said
King.
Alden Habacon, UBC's director
of intercultural understanding
strategy development, hopes the
new minor will not only allow
students to walk out ofthe university with a deeper understanding of
their personal history, but also make
them more aware of some ofthe
injustices Asian communities have
faced in the past.
Along with a ceremony that
granted honorary degrees to
Japanese-Canadian students who
couldn't finish their education during World War II and the preservation of internment camp records
through the UBC library, the minor
is one of three steps taken by the
university recognize this period
of history.
Habacon said the minor will help
ensure that students remain aware
of some ofthe issues that various
Asian communities have faced
throughout their time in Canada.
"It's more than just knowing the
history. It's about making sure that
the stories of those communities are
recorded, documented and made
a part of people's education," said
Habacon. XI
NEWS BRIEFS
Mining company donates
$500,000 to support women
in engineering
A mining company has donated
$500,000 to UBC to create a new
professorship in women in engineering at UBC.
Goldcorp, a gold producer based
in Vancouver, donated the money
last week shortly before International Women's Day.
The gift aims to address the
historical shortage of women in
engineering.
"Goldcorp has a history of promoting female leadership, diversity and
inclusion, and we are confident that
with this partnership, we can make
great strides forward," said Applied
Science dean Mark Parlange.
UBC researchers develop
artifical muscles
A team of researchers have created
artificial muscles using fishing lines
and thread.
The team included a UBC profes-
sorand PhD candidate.
"In terms ofthe strength and
power ofthe artificial muscle, we
found that it can quickly lift weights
100 times heavier than a same-
sized human muscle can, in a single
contraction," said UBC professor
John Madden. "It also has a higher
power output for its weight than
that of an automobile combustion
engine."
Potential applicationsforthe
artificial muscles include prosthetic
limbs and medical devices, xi
REPUTATION »
UBC falls two
spots in Times
rankings
Andrew Liang
Conributor
UBC has slipped two positions,
from 31st to 33rd place, in the 2014
Times Higher Education rankings.
Graeme Menzies, UBC's director of prospective student marketing, communications and social
media, said that while UBC does
take note ofthe rankings when
they are released, they generally
don't give preference to the rankings from any specific firm.
"In terms of overall concern,
what we do, because perhaps we
are closer to it than the layperson
maybe, we're a little bit more
aware ofthe discrepancies or
other issues that come in to play
with the rankings, so we take them
with a grain of salt."
Menzies said UBC is cautious
about university rankings due
to the discrepancies in metrics
between various ranking firms,
including the Shanghai index,
Webonomics index and QS ratings.
"They all look at it differently
and they come out with different
results ... [and] even though they
don't agree on where, they all
agree that we're in the top 40."
Menzies said that while it is
important to pay attention to the
year-to-year ranking changes, it
is the long-term performance and
direction the university really
cares about.
Stanford
University of Hong Kong
GRAPHIC GEOFF LISTERJTHE UBYSSEY
UBC's reputatation has been neck and neck with McGill for the past three years.
"You need to look at the longer
term and you need to look at the
trajectory... and also consider the
age of [UBC], compared to the other
major institutions... most [of which]
have been around quite a bit longer
than we have, so I think it is a huge
accomplishment to be [in the top 40]
in a shorter period of time."
While university rankings may
matter less for domestic students
who have local word of mouth
and reputation to go on, they can
still greatly influence the decision
for international students who
may have little information about
other universities besides the
rankings provide
"It helps to be able to point to
rankings," Menzies said. "Pretty
much with whatever one you go
with, the top 40 will work."
Connor Nechelput, a first-year
Arts student from Singapore,
echoed Menzies thoughts on the
rankings.
"UBC looked really attractive
because of its pretty high rankings.
Although I wouldn't say it was the
most important aspect of my decision to come here, there were loads
of variables that came together,"
said Nechelput. "This slip seems
pretty negligible to me. Universities
are always moving up and down according to different rankings. So as
long as I feel the school is continuing to provide for me and move in
the right way it doesn't particularly
concern me." XI
CONSTRUCTION »
Maclnnes Field
may be open for
Block Party
FILE PHOTO CARTER BRUNDAGE3THE UBYSSEY
Block Party has traditionally been held on
Maclnnes Field, located between the SUB
and the bus loop.
Jovana Vranic
StaffWriter
The AMS may have been able to
host Block Party on Maclnnes
Field this year after all.
For years, Maclnnes Field,
located just east ofthe SUB, has
been the home of the Welcome
Back BBQ and Block Party, two of
the biggest annual AMS events.
Due to plans to build a new Aquatic Centre on Maclnnes Field,
the AMS will be holding Block
Party on Matthews Field this year
instead. However, because of construction delays, Maclnnes Field
maybe empty during the event.
Kavie Toor, director of facilities and business development
for UBC Athletics, said the
construction ofthe new aquatic
centre was originally planned
to begin in early January 2014.
According to Toor, construction
will been delayed until roughly
the end ofthe 2014 spring term
due to revisions to the project to
keep it on budget.
"We're still in the latter sides
ofthe planning phases," said
Toor. "Even when you're in the
last 10 to 15 per cent of planning,
there's still all these things that
could happen, so we have to be
prepared to be nimble in making
adjustments if we need to."
For the past two years, UBC
and the AMS have been in contact regarding the new aquatic
centre's construction. The project has been postponed multiple
times, but Toor said the project
is well planned and construction
should begin in late March or
early April.
The AMS was informed about
a year ago that Maclnnes Field
would no longer be available for
Block Party due to construction on the new aquatic centre.
The AMS officially changed the
event's venue in December 2013.
Anna Hillar, AMS programming
and events manager, said Block
Party will still be held on Matthews Field this year, whether
Maclnnes Field is available
or not.
"We're really hoping to make
that side of campus our home
for the Welcome Back BBQ
and Block Party until the new
Maclnnes is ready," Hillar said.
"I'm really hoping that everybody respects the neighbourhood. Otherwise, that would
impact whether we can continue
these events." XI NEWS    I    MONDAY, MARCH 10, 2014
IMMIGRATION »
Immigration changes make off-campus work easier
Sarah Bigam
News Editor
A series of changes to Canada's
immigration laws announced in
February will make it easier for
international students at UBC to
work off-campus and travel in
and out of Canada.
On Feb. 12, the government
of Canada announced a series of
changes which aim to "improve
services to genuine students,
while protecting Canada's
international reputation for
high-quality education and
reducing the potential for fraud
and misuse ofthe program,"
according to a press release.
As of June 1, study permits
will automatically authorize the
holder to work off-campus for
up to 20 hours per week during
the school year and full time
during breaks without having to
apply and wait six months for a
work permit.
"I'd say it's one ofthe biggest
changes, and it's one that we've
heard students in the past tell us
that they're quite excited about,"
said Michelle Suderman, associate director of international
student development at UBC.
Co-op and on-campus work
permits will not change.
Study permits will only
be issued to people applying
to "designated" institutions.
According to Karen McKellin, executive director ofthe
International Student Initiative, UBC will be one of those
institutions. UBC is currently part of Education Quality
Assurance, which identifies
post-secondary institutions that
meet or exceed B.C. provincial
government standards.
"It's more for institutions
that are private institutions that
may not be currently recognized
through the EQA mechanism,"
=HOTO CARTER BRUNDAGEJTHE UBYSSEY
Michelle Suderman says UBC is training its advisers to become certified by the new standards.
McKellin said. "Institutions like
UBC that are public institutions
that are funded by the provincial government and have to
meet requirements through the
University Act are not going to be
affected by this."
Starting June 1, students will
no longer be able to remain in
Canada until their permit expires
if they complete their studies
early. Study permits will become
invalid 90 days after the completion of study unless the student
has other authorization to stay in
Canada.
UBC will also be required to
report to Citizenship and Immigration Canada on international
student enrolment twice a year.
"That's something that a number of institutions across Canada
certainly raised concerns about,"
said Suderman. "We certainly
don't want schools to be enfor
cers of immigration regulations.
We want to make sure we have
a great relationship with international students and can fully
support them in being successful.
Reporting on our students is not
something that we asked the government to do."
Suderman was chair of a committee that represented several
Canadian educational institutions
to immigration Canada as this
legislation was drafted over the
past three years.
Additional changes regarding
visas went into effect on Feb.
6. Now, visitors to Canada are
automatically considered for multiple-entry visas. The application
fee for this is now $100; previously, multiple-entry visa applications cost $150 and single-entry
visa applications cost $75.
As well, the cost of study
permits and renewals increased
by $25 and work permits and
renewals by $5.
"I kind of have two reactions to
that," said Catherine Dauvergne, a
UBC professor who specializes in
immigration law. "One is, if you're
an international student and
you can afford to pay $15,000 in
tuition then ... probably you have
to have good financial resources
already, so this kind of a change is
not going to be significant. On the
other hand, most people living on
a student budget really don't have
a lot of extra cash and every five
or 10 dollars makes a difference."
Suderman said Canada's fees
are modest compared to other
countries such as the U.S., U.K.
and Australia, with which Canada
competes for the same international students.
The changes will also make
it illegal for "unauthorized individuals" to advise a person on
citizenship issues for a fee under
the Strengthening Canadian
Citizenship Act.
Suderman said that in May
2013, immigration Canada
notified educational institutions
across Canada that their current
advisers were unauthorized.
UBC has now hired several regulated Canadian immigration consultants to give advice to international students, and is also
training current international
advisers to become authorized.
"They've made some ... low-
level changes that will make
things easier and less bureaucratic, so that's good for students. But
it's also important to remember
that it's also good for the government and saves the government
money," Dauvergne said.
Dauvergne said the largest
concerns for international students, which are wait times for
visas and separation from their
families, remain unaddressed.
"That is a very difficult argument to overcome because students are poor, for the most part.
And so when the Canadian government says, 'Oh my goodness,
your scholarship's only $20,000
a year, you couldn't possibly support a kid on that,' it's really hard
to argue against that because it's
true, right?" said Dauvergne.
Wait times for a study permit can range from one week to
10 months.
"Every year we have students
who are not able to start their
program on time and have to
start a whole semester later because the Canadian government
just doesn't process their application on time," said Dauvergne.
"I don't think the changes
are fixing the problems that are
the really big problems. I think
the changes are fixing the really
little problems ... [but] it's good
to fix something." XI
MINING »
Panel debates ethics, responsibilities of Canadian miners
Edmund Henry
Contributor
A three-person panel discussed
the practices and responsibilities
of Canadian mining companies
in underdeveloped countries on
Thursday night.
Panellists Marcello Veiga, a
mining engineering professor,
Philippe LeBillon, a professor
with the Liu Institute for Global
Issues, and third-year political
science student Simon Child, who
filled in for law professor James
Stewart, were asked to discuss
how large mining companies can
navigate through local political
and social climates effectively
and ethically, while being environmentally sustainable.
According to Veiga, a major
part of the problem is the lack of
pressure from society to involve
mining companies in improving conditions for workers and
communities. Veiga said there is
a lack of enforcement in environmental regulation and that companies like Exxon are "washing
their hands" ofthe repercussions
of that.
"[Local communities] don't
care about the pollution," said
Veiga. "They care about having
something they can do; something the Canadians cannot do...
it's employment. It's poverty."
Veiga said that, rather than
alleviating the poverty of local
communities, mining would "al-
=HOTO CARTER BRUNDAGEJTHE UBYSSEY
Marcello Veiga, Philippe LeBillon and Simon Child discussed the practices of Canadian mining companies on Thursday evening.
leviate the poverty of mayors and
politicians."
While Veiga remained skeptical on the effects of regulation by
the large mining companies and
government, LeBillon was hopeful for a stronger, more effective
relationship between mining
companies and local communities in the future.
When asked whether a trade off
between economic development and
ethical responsibility was necessary, LeBillon said "Yes, there are
trade-offs but those trade-offs can
be managed on both sides."
"What we're selling is fast
growth, not sustainability.
That's where the trade- off is,"
said LeBillon.
Child, originally from Colombia, raised concerns over the
exploitation of local communities
by the Canadian government.
"Yes, in Colombia and in the
Congo there are local elites
that are corrupt, but you have
to ask what are the historical,
structural reasons of why these
countries are very corrupt....
This is something that's much
more involved and is much more
of what happens in Ottawa than
what happens in the Eastern
Congo," Child said.
He mentioned Plan Colombia,
a US-backed aid package, as one
example. "That's to protect pipelines," Child said.
The discussion was prompted by the announcement last
October of a $25 million grant
from the Canadian International
Development Agency to fund the
creation ofthe Canadian International Institute for Extractive
Industries and Development,
which will be operated by UBC
and SFU. It was the fifth annual panel discussion hosted by
STAND UBC, an organization"
that aims to end genocide and
war crimes against humanity
through advocacy.
"It was fantastic, turnout was
bigger than we expected," said
Courtney Loftus, STAND university chapter director, about the
panel.
Cristina Oliveira, a third-year
civil engineering major involved
in Engineers Without Borders,
said, "I think one ofthe last
remarks by Marcello was a very
critical point, that engineers are
not isolated and what our work
does is really to serve society. So
we need to know the context of
our projects and what impacts it
has on our people and our community and the environment." XI EDITOR  NATALIE SCADDEN
MONDA1
// Sports + Rec
TRIATHLON »
UBC Tri-Du continues to attract professional triathletes
Reyhana Heatherington
Senior Lifestyle Writer
"Time to break away the cobwebs
and head into the pain cave."
So read Nathan Killam's pre-race
Twitter message as he geared up for
his first triathlon ofthe 2014 season.
Killam was one of 562 athletes who
took on the cool Vancouver weather
at the UBC Triathlon on Sunday
morning.
Killam, a local professional
triathlete, completed the Olympic-distance race, which included a
1,500-metre swim, a 40-kilometre
cycle and a 10-kilometre run. Other
events at the UBC Triathlon included the sprint and short triathlons,
the duathlon (run-bike-run) and the
swim-and-run aquathlon for kids.
The UBC event was Killam's first
Olympic-distance race in his first
racing season several years ago.
Though the field of competitors is
much smaller than other races Killam competes in — the Wildf lower
Triathlon in California draws 8,500
racers over three days — he appreciates the local element. The UBC
event, a mere eight-minute drive
from his Dunbar home, is a far cry
from his experience racing in Abu
Dabi where he only knew several
fellow athletes and media personnel.
"It's always fun when I get to
go and race at a community race
that's local to where I live," he said.
"All the people that I know in the
area, they're all goingto be there.
Whether they're racing or spectat-
ing, they really bring up the level of
excitement and enjoyment I can get
out of a race."
But Killam wasn't always an elite
athlete. A former fast food junkie, he
made a lifestyle shift at age 18.
"One day I remember stepping on
the scale and I saw 210 pounds and
I was like, 'Whoa. I think it's time to
make a change.' And then I started
goingto the gym and changed my
diet completely."
After a snowboarding accident
left Killam with a broken tailbone,
he taught himself to swim as an
alternative to running. Soon after,
a friend suggested he try a triathlon. Now 60 pounds lighter, Killam
suited up for his fourth season as a
professional triathlete.
"Ever since that first triathlon
about seven and a half years ago,
I've been completely hooked,"
Killam said.
This year, the outdoor pool
closure forced organizers to move
the swim portion inside the UBC
Aquatic Centre, which limited the
capacity of participants. While the
torrential rain from Saturday night
let up for race morning, the Vancouver weather sets the UBC Tri/Du
apart from most races, which take
place in spring and summer and
usually include open-water swims.
"It's a big difference when you're
down in, say, Texas and it's 25,30
degrees out and dry," Killam said.
"[In Vancouver there is] a lot of
layering up —jacket, gloves, stuff
like that, just to make sure you don't
lose any digits out there because it's
so cold."
Killam trains 20 to 30 hours per
week, including several sessions at
the UBC Aquatic Centre with the
Vancouver Masters Swim Club,
run by renowned triathlon coach
Bjoern Ossenbrink. One ofthe club's
coaches is fifth-year UBC varsity
swimmer Laura Thompson.
"I love swimming under Coach
Laura. It's a lot of fun. She's really
smart and she's really helped me
and a lot of my teammates with our
swimming," Killam said.
Thompson, a political science
and economics student, competed
in triathlons from age eight to 15
before focusing on swimming. Now,
"Coach Laura" facilitates intense
hour-long swimming sessions for
local athletes.
"Normally, if someone were to go
swim for an hour, they'd maybe get
two [kilometres], three [kilometres]
in, but sometimes we can get up
to four kilometres and it's always
high-intensity, high heart-rate sets,"
Thompson said.
Though a high-pressure environment comes with the territory of being an elite athlete, she appreciates
the "unique" energy Killam brings
to training sessions.
"Even on the days that it's really
hard, he can still make it fun,"
Thompson said. "You don't find
that a lot in intense sports, because
when you're grinding day in and
day out, often it's not easy to put a
smile on."
PHOTO CARTER BRUNDAGEJTHE UBYSSEY
Nathan Killam, a professional triathlete and firefighter, finished third at the 2014 UBC Triathlon.
But Killam thrives under
pressure. He describes himself as
"the smiley guy" and backs up his
moniker with his race suit, which is
adorned with a smiley face.
The pressure of racing is minimal
compared to the stress of Killam's
day job. As a full-time firefighter
with the Delta fire department, Killam enjoys the camaraderie inherent
in the job.
"It's really that team atmosphere that my sport was kind of
lacking," he said. "It doesn't really
seem like a job. It just seems [like]
that other place I go. It feels like a
win-win."
For Killam, the merits of doing
triathlons include the unique community of competitors.
"I've done cycling and running
races, but at a triathlon, those kind
of people, they always seem to be
friendly and they just want to have
a chat and say 'hi.' It's a different
breed of people, I think."
Killam finished in third place
on Sunday with a time of 2:01:36,
six minutes behind winner Jeffrey
Symonds, a fellow pro and UBC
grad. The women's Olympic distance champion was Jen Annett,
who completed the course in
2:24:41. tl
FRISBEE»
The spirit of ultimate soars in Vancouver
Jaime Hills
StaffWriter
A rainy Saturday in March is
nothing Vancouverites aren't used
to, but most of us take comfort in
the fact that we have nowhere to
be but warm inside, and nothing
to do but catch up on our sleep,
our Netflix and possibly our
readings.
On our very own UBC campus,
however, a number of university
athletes are doing what they love
in the very weather that most of us
hide from: playing ultimate. Players,
coaches and fans alike line the field
with umbrellas and soaked-through
jackets. This in itself is the very
essence of ultimate, playing for what
Eliot Escalona calls the spirit of
the game.
Escalona, a UBC student and
media liaison for the Vancouver
Nighthawks ultimate team, provided an abundance of information on
a growing sporting community that
is not as well known as the likes of
football or soccer.
People might not have even heard
ofthe Nighthawks or ofthe professional league they play in called Major League Ultimate (MLU). They
might not know that Vancouver
hosted the World Championships
in 2008, right here at UBC, or that
Canada has won eight world titles.
"There was an explosion in the
sport community after Vancouver
held the 2008 World Championships here at UBC," said Escalona.
Even those who are somewhat
familiar with ultimate might not
know that at higher levels, four
field officials, called observers,
are present, calling offsides, out
of bounds and, in some cases,
fouls. At some levels, fouls are only
called when the officials' opinions
are asked for, something a lot of
athletes in other sports might be
happy to see implemented in their
own games.
Most UBC students also probably
don't know that the second annual
Douglas Bowl took place on Saturday at University Hill Secondary.
With admission by donation, the
=HOTOKOSTAPRODANOVIC3THE UBYSSEY
The rain didn't stop the UVic and UBC ultimate teams from a spirited competition on
Saturday at the second annual Douglas Bowl showcase tournament.
showcase tournament featured the
UBC Thunderbirds and two teams
from the University of Victoria,
UVictim and UVixens.
As any athlete at UBC knows, the
rivalry with UVic is one that no one
wants to lose. However, even though
the Douglas Bowl was highly competitive, with players flying in every
direction, the spirit ofthe game that
Escalona spoke of was unmistakable. "At the end ofthe day, you acknowledge that you are playing the
game because it is your passion and
not because you wanted to crush the
other team to the ground," he said.
This does not mean there's a lack
of physicality or competitiveness
during games. Every minute, players
canbe seen soaring through the
air, diving on the turf and tumbling
through the rain. But during and
after games, the sportsmanship
ultimate is known for is evident.
The spirit at the Douglas Bowl
was incredible, with both teams
shouting an assortment of chants,
including a booming "Thunderbird,
HOORA!" from the UBC squad.
The energy coming off the crowd
matched that ofthe players, with
every spectator shouting words of
encouragement toward their team.
Words specific to the sport were
flying through the air with the disc,
completele nonsense to an outsider
listening in.
But the truest moment that
showed the honest spirit of these
players was when a Thunderbird
man went down, and stayed down.
His coach went onto the field
and simply sheltered him with an
umbrella. His teammates huddled
around to check if he was OK. A
UVic player took a knee beside him.
When he got up, the UVic players
were the first to clap for him as he
walked off the field.
After the final whistle, both
teams went to their respective sides
and huddled up to talk post-game.
They didn't rush off the field to get
into the warmth, UVic didn't run
around gloating and UBC didn't
hang their heads from the loss.
They both simply huddled, talked
about the game, and let the rain fall
around them.
With a professional league and
a biennial world cup featuring four
divisions and a junior world cup,
ultimate is on the rise. It would be
easy for it to slip into the attitude of
many sports today: brutally competitive, with athletes stopping at
nothing to come out on top.
But that simply is not the way
ultimate works. Respect and sportsmanship are key and it is this spirit
that separates ultimate and gives
it the potential to bring together a
bigger community all its own. XI
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development corporaton bastiondevelopment.com FEATURES    |    MONDAY, MARCH 10, 2014
Apathy, hostility, inability and fear:
Why Chinese international students aren't
bringing western politics back home
By Arno Rosenfeld
On Feb. 26, UBC very gently
poked China in the eye,
highlighting the increasingly complex relationship between
western universities and the rising
Asian power.
The poke came in the form of
a talk given by Lobsang Sangay
to at UBC's Institute for Asian
Research. Sangay is the elected leader of Tibet's government-in-exile, which is more
famously represented by the Dalai
Lama and strongly opposed by the
Chinese government.
Sangay's visit was mentioned
in an email to the IAR mailing list
and was listed publicly on a few
websites, but was conspicuously
missing from IAR's own online
event calendar. The media were
ordered to stay away.
As western universities have
started establishing closer ties
with China in recent years, they
have tiptoed around the political
issue of Tibet, a mountainous
region in southwestern China.
Sangay, the Dalai Lama and many
others argue that Tibet deserves
more autonomy or full independence; most academics outside of
China accept Tibet as distinct and
separate from the rest of China.
But the government ofthe People's
Republic of China considers Tibet
an integral part ofthe Chinese
nation and does not take kindly to
governments and institutions that
give a platform to Tibetan activists.
"The Chinese government firmly opposes activities by Lobsang
Sangay in any country in whatever
capacity aiming at splitting China
... and firmly opposes any organization or institute providing facili
tation and platform for Lobsang
Sangay," the Chinese embassy in
Ottawa wrote in a statement to The
Ubyssey.
This is the standard line taken
bythe Chinese government, as
UBC is no doubt fully aware. Still,
the university — which opened
the UBC China Council this year,
boasts over 50 agreements of various sorts with Chinese institutions
and heavily recruits students from
mainland China — said their decision to muffle the visit by Sangay,
who the embassy statement
referred to as "the so-called leader
of [an] illegal organization," was
strictly academic.
"We didn't want it swamped by
the vast public interest," explained
Tsering Shakya, a professor at IAR
and a world renowned Tibet scholar. "Tibetan community members
and activists ... and their questions
and interests are so diverged from
the academic interest."
But it was Lucie McNeill, director of UBC Public Affairs, who
ultimately made the decision to
block media from the event. In an
interview, McNeill repeatedly cited
the desire to create a "safe haven"
for those in attendance to speak
without worrying about whether
their comments would turn up in
a media report. But she hinted at
another motive: creating parity between the treatment of Sangay and
that of a group of Chinese politicians and intellectuals who visited
the university in January.
That delegation, which included
the deputy mayor of Tibet's administrative capital and the minister in
charge ofthe Dalai Lama's former
palace, was on a government-fund
ed tour of North America and
asked if UBC would be interested
in hosting them. But they were also
travelling with their own media
delegation, and McNeill said she
wanted to ensure the university
wasn't used to promote China's
political stance on Tibet.
"When Chinese officials travel,
often they are accompanied by
Chinese state media," McNeill
said. "We thought that it would be
preferable if UBC was not used as a
backdrop for that kind of thing.
"We dealt with the situation
with Dr. Sangay in exactly the
same way that we dealt with the
visit from the honoured guests
from the People's Republic of
China."
But while the university draws a
clear parallel between the Chinese
delegation and Sangay and other
visitors from the Tibetan government-in-exile, only one of their
causes is widely accepted and seen
as humanitarian by the academic
community outside of China.
"The position that most all
outside take ... is that the policies
ofthe Chinese government toward
the Tibetan people are repressive
and unwarranted," said Brian Job,
a UBC political science professor
who was involved in organizing
Sangay's visit.
Job added that while there
was good reason to listen to the
Chinese delegation, their arguments were not accepted with the
same legitimacy.
"The rationale for the Chinese
position is ... clearly not necessarily to be sympathized with, but in
order to understand the one, you
have to presumably attempt to
1000
900
800
700
~     600
2  500
400
300
200
100
Exponential growth
When Mao Zedong's communist party took control of China in
1949, establishing the People's Republic of China, there was
an immediate need for an educated class to build the country's
infrastructure, and for a diplomatic corp well versed in foreign
languages. But early student exchanges throughout the 1950s
numbered in the hundreds at most, and were concentrated
primarily in othersocialist countries.
In the early days, there was a strong fear of Chinese students
going abroad and not coming back. It wasn't until the 1980s,
when Deng Xiaoping, the reformist who led China toward a
market economy, began preaching the benefits of a more
open China, that large numbers of Chinese students began
studying abroad.
By 1986, the Chinese government was sponsoring
nearly 5,000 overseas students, albeit often with
burdensome restrictions.
The 1989 Tiananmen Square protests — country-wide demonstrations by Chinese students which led to a harsh crackdown by government forces — caused a massive rethinking of
government policy toward Chinese citizens studying abroad.
"Within the next 10 years, the policy changed as China
recovered from the 1989 situation and began to reorient and
push reform ahead more rapidly. They realized the importance
of those who studied overseas," said USC professor Stanley
Rosen.
understand the logic ofthe other."
On balance, the treatment ofthe
Sangay talk seems to have simply
been an attempt by the university
to avoid a political circus over what
can be a hot-button issue for many.
The university has previously
given the Dalai Lama an honorary
degree and hosted a major Tibetan
studies conference in 2010, and
UBC professors freely voice criticism ofthe Chinese government.
But the event serves to highlight a larger issue. As hundreds
of thousands of Chinese students
travel abroad to attend university
in western democracies, will they
start to embrace more liberal values and perhaps even causes like
Tibetan autonomy? And just what
1996
1997
1998
1999  2000
2001  2002
Years
2003
2004  2005  2006  2007
2008
does the authoritarian Chinese
government think about so many
of their citizens spending many of
their formative years in countries where they are exposed to
information and ideas censored or
suppressed within China?
A DELICATE BALANCE
There seems to be an inherent
contradiction in a country that
shuns liberal democracy encouraging its young to go learn in
western democracies. On top of
the possibility of Chinese students
studying at UBC and other universities in North America or Europe
adopting political beliefs that clash
with China's government policies,
The position that most
all outside China take is
that the policies ofthe
Chinese government
toward the Tibetan
people are repressive,
and unwarranted.
BRIAN JOB
Professor
Institute for Asian Research, UBC
What's behind the growth?
In the years following Tiananmen, the Chinese government announced
new policies encouraging students to study abroad and guaranteeing
that those who left and came back to China would be allowed to leave
the country freely. Where they had previously feared a "brain drain" as
Chinese students left the country and didn't return, the government
began to see they could still benefit from such students, Stanley Rosen,
a USC political science professor who has served as co-editor of Chinese Education and Society, explained.
"Even if you get a job in an American or Canadian university, for example, you can still do joint research projects — in fact, even bring back
new technologies," Rosen said. "So they had a much morefarsighted
policy toward what it means to study abroad."
The policy change, combined with increasing globalization and a
growing number of high school graduates that exceeded the capacity
of Chinese universities, meant that bythe new millennium massive numbers of students were traveling to foreign countries for their education.
By 2001, over 120,000 Chinese students were studying in foreign
universities, up from around 20,000 in 1996. In 2008,820,000 Chinese
international students were studying abroad, according to the China
Scholarship Council.
Will Wang, president of UBC's Chinese Students and Scholars Association, said 90 per cent of the group's members were born in mainland
China. Wang said the club has produced around 1,500 alumni in the
Vancouver area as a result of its more than 30 years of existence. Yet the
CSSA's current active membership is nearly 1,000 students strong.
"Before, it was just a very small club. I think there were only so many
Chinese students," Wang said. "Now, we have new members who just
came from mainland China — we have around 500 new members every
year."
China istheforeign countrythat sends by farthe most students to
Canada, according to the Canadian Bureau for International Education.
Increasing 296 per cent since 2001, China sent 80,627 students to
Canada in 2011.
In 2013, the 2,523 Chinese students at UBC accounted for 27 per cent
of international students, up nearly 1,000 students since 2011.
Higher education outside of China has become to go-to option for
those with the means, especially now that official policies are supportive
of such travel.
"The government encourages them to go, and in particular government officials all want their kids to be educated abroad, particularly in
western countries," said Suisheng Zhao, a professor at Denver University and director of the Center for China-U.S. Cooperation. "They all
agree the Chinese education is not as good," he added with a laugh. MONDAY, MARCH 10, 2014    |    FEATURES
*#
They come into my
office almost every week saying, "I
didn't know any of
this," —about their
own country! What
does that mean for
when they go back?
THOMAS B. GOLD
Professor of Sociology
UC Berkeley
there's also the possibility they
simply won't return to China.
Still, for a variety of reasons, the
government continues to encourage the temporary exodus of its
best and brightest.
"They certainly would like more
people to go back directly, but I
think they take a long-term perspective on this and see it as a net
positive," said David Bachman, a
University of Washington professor who chaired the school's China
Studies program for many years.
Those who don't immediately
return, or never return permanently, can still build economic
links between China and the West
and facilitate more opportunities
for Chinese students and scholars
abroad, Bachman said.
Of course, the many who do return are also critical in developing
China's economy.
"In terms of upgrading China's
science and technology — of helping transfer research techniques
and state ofthe art technology,
or at least state-of-the-art knowledge — that's obviously a major
impetus for the whole program,"
said Bachman.
China is also trying to cope not
only with the masses of high school
graduates fighting for limited
space at the country's top universities, but also with the unemployed
graduates of those universities
who fight for increasingly precious
job openings. With restive youth
serving as the core of many Middle
Eastern uprisings that overthrew
authoritarian regimes in 2011, the
Chinese government is loath to
allow this problem to fester.
"Students going abroad releases some build up of potential
pressure," said Thomas B. Gold,
a sociologist at the University of
California Berkeley specializing in
Pacific Rim societies.
NON-POLITICAL
CONCERNS
Despite the benefits, encouraging
Chinese students to study abroad
creates all sorts of problems for
China — though perhaps not the
ones westerners imagine. For the
most part, they aren't bringing
liberal values back to China.
"We tend to overplay the political agenda of kids who go abroad,"
Gold said. "The United States, some
30 years ago, had this hope that
when they come up to the United
States they would be entranced
by our system. That they would
immediately go home and want to
change things, which didn't happen, and isn't goingto happen."
Those international students
who do stay abroad after graduating tend to do so not out of a love
for western politics, but out of
worry over things like finding good
work and pollution and food safety
concerns back in China.
"If there's a pretty good job
opening, there'll be thousands of
people trying to apply," said Will
Wang, president of UBC's Chinese
Students and Scholars Club, who
came to Canada for school and is
now staying to work at a Vancouver
law firm.
Spending a few years in western
countries post-university can boost
job prospects for Chinese students
when they return home, Wang said.
"They think it will be beneficial
for them to work first, for a while,
and learn something. Then they
can go back to China with a higher
starting point or more experience,"
he said.
Some who decide to stay seem to
prefer something about life in the
West, even if they can't articulate
what that is.
"I hear, and many of my friends
think, living in North America
is somehow more comfortable
than living in China," Wang said.
"Either the environment, or the
nature of their work — I don't
really know."
Similarly, the problems for those
who do return are, if somewhat
ideological, rarely explicitly political in nature.
"You do have a certain amount of
resentment and lack of trust," Gold
explained. "'Well, that person has
lived abroad too long — they're not
goingto fit into our organization.'
"Especially if it's a state-owned
enterprise, highly politicized, and
the Communist Party's hold is still
pretty great, if these kids have gone
to Berkeley or UBC, then they don't
'listen,'" Gold said. "They approach
things from a technical standpoint
as opposed to a political standpoint."
Chinese citizens who return
after a foreign education can cause
jealously if they jump ahead of
others simply due to their superior
credentials. This also slows the
impact of students who do return
with changed ideologies, as their
rise in government may be stunted.
"Clearly the Chinese scientists
and scholars and engineers who
don't go abroad feel a certain
amount of jealously of these people
who've gone abroad — particularly
if the Chinese government moves
them into positions of authority
right away," Bachman, the Washington professor, said.
The western-educated Chinese
have equal resentment over the
fact that opportunities often come
about not based solely on merit but
because of networks of political
contacts, which those who studied
abroad haven't had as much time to
construct, Bachman said.
THE SYSTEM' IS STRONG
Of course, some students do return
home to China with a new perspective on the Chinese political
system.
Gold is currently teaching a
course on Chinese society and says
the class has many students
from China who are shocked
to learn information that was
never taught in China.
"They come into my office
almost every week and say,
T didn't know any of this, I
didn't know any of this' —
about their own country!"
Gold said. "But then, what's
that going to mean when they
go back?"
The students now back in
China that Gold has kept in
touch with describe an internal struggle between continuing to think critically about
their government's actions
and perhaps trying to instigate change and just going
with the flow, setting aside
what they learned abroad. But
even those who would like to
create substantial change have few
opportunities, giving the government little reason to worry.
"The Chinese government
assumes when they come back that
'the system' is still strong enough
to keep them in line," Gold said. "If
they want to get ahead then they're
going to have to buckle down and
play by the rules."
As for the change that may take
place over time as hundreds of
thousands, eventually millions,
of Chinese students return home
with western educations, the government may simply not mind. The
Chinese elite expect, and in fact
often want, the political system to
gradually become more open and
democratic, said Suisheng Zhao,
head ofthe U.S.-China Cooperation Council and professor at the
University of Denver.
"They all understand China has
to be changed," Zhao said. "They
just don't want the change to come
overnight."
According to Zhao, nothing
more than gradual change is even
conceivable, given that it has
only been in the last three to four
years that significant numbers of
Chinese have been returning home
from study abroad. It will take time
for them to readjust to Chinese society, and for enough international
students to come back to the villages and non-cosmopolitan parts of
PHOTOS: UBC ARCHIVES
In the summer of 1989, following the Chinese government's crackdown on the Tiananmen
Square protests, Chinese international students studying at UBC claimed they were being
monitored by their own government, with threats of jail or sanctions for their family back home.
Above: at the time, UBC students made pro-democracy T-shirts. Below: community members
attended a memorial at UBC for student activists killed in the Chinese government's crackdown
on the studentactivists in China.
China. Zhao placed the timeline for
the study abroad students' impact
to be seen in Chinese government
at 10 to 30 years.
It is also not as if the Chinese
government gives up control over
their citizens when they go to
Canada or elsewhere for university. Those who spend their years
abroad involved in activism viewed
unfavourably by Chinese authorities have difficulty finding work
back home, and for those who
don't return, their families may be
hassled, Rosen, the USC professor,
said his research has found.
Being well connected in the
Chinese political system is essential, even for work at multinational
corporations without a political
ideology of their own.
"They like to hire people who
are members ofthe Chinese
Communist Party because they're
more obedient," Rosen said of
such companies. "In addition to
following chains of command and
hierarchies, they tend to be fairly
well connected."
"Anybody who seems to have
'aberrant values,' in terms of
western democratic values which
they're pushing, they won't get
hired," he said. "Most people don't
realize what the limits are, what
the constraints are in China."
(continued on pg. 8)
Anybody who
promotes western,
democratic values,
they won't get hired.
Most people don't
realize what the
constraints are in
China.
STANLEY ROSEN
Former editor of Chinese
Education and Politics and
USC professor
'We're fearful of going'
For students who think they can cover up their activist work, there is good
reason to suspect the Chinese government is actively monitoring what
theirstudents do abroad.
Following the crackdown on Tiananmen Square protesters, Chinese
students at UBC reported being intimidated by their government: "Chinese
students fear spies," read a front-page headline in a July 1989 edition of
The Ubyssey.
Students described being intimidated by China's education consul in
Vancouver, who would create blacklists of Chinese students and phone
them with angry messages regarding their political activity and implicitly
sentence them with jail upon their return to China. While the Canadian
government agreed to extend the visas of Chinese students studying in
the country and afraid to return home, one student told The Ubyssey that
accepting Canadian refuge would have had dire consequences.
"If the Chinese government finds out, that person is considered a traitor.
In Chinese law, treason is the number one crime and consequences are
unpredictable," a student going by the pseudonym Li Cheng told the
newspaper. "I n the past, the families of traitors have been sent to the
countryside."
Despite the serious reforms made by the Chinese government in the
years since 1989, students say they are still monitored and pressured by
the Chinese authorities.
When the Dalai Lama spoke in Berkeley recently, Gold said several of
his Chinese students emailed him with a hyperlink to a live stream forthe
event, saying he should distribute it to the class so people could watch
online instead of attending the speech.
"They didn't say by who, but they said, 'We were told people would be
there noting who was there, who shows up; and so we're fearful of going,'"
Gold recalled. "I think word comes out from the Chinese consulate or
Chinese embassy, either directly or indirectly, like, 'You shouldn't show up,
you shouldn't go to this. Or, 'Don't forget the Dalai Lama is a separatist and
harms our nation.'"
"There's an assumption that some [students] are keeping tabs on the
others and writing memos... which is probably true," Gold added.
Wang, the CSSA president, said Chinese students in Vancouver weren't
exempt from such pressure.
"There are certain things that all international Chinese students won't
do, I think primarily because they think, well, it might have some negative
impact when they're going back to China," Wang said. "I think the experience in Berkeley could be similar compared with here." 8    I    FEATURES    I    MONDAY, MARCH 10,2014
(story continued from pg. 7)
SELF-CENSORSHIP AT
UNIVERSITIES
As China's economy and global
influence has grown, North
American universities have begun
opening campuses in the country
and partnering with the Chinese
government.
Chongqing is a major city in
south-central China located on the
Yangtze River and home to over
30 million people. In August, UBC
President Stephen Toope travelled
to the city to sign the UBC-Chong-
qing Strategic Cooperation Agreement, a five-year deal meant to increase collaboration between UBC
and major Chongqing universities.
As a university statement at the
time read, "It is the first time UBC
has entered in such a wide-ranging agreement with this level of
government in China — the city has
provincial government status."
Such agreements inevitably
put pressure on universities not
to offend their new partners,
Rosen said.
"You don't do things you know
will upset the Chinese, especially if
there's no real benefit," Rosen said.
"Universities, no matter what they
say, inevitably will be concerned
with the Chinese reaction."
Still, even as they try to promote things like their Tibet policy
abroad and perhaps shield their
own citizens from what they
consider subversive anti-China
sentiment, the Chinese government
recognizes that it can only go so far
in pressuring foreign universities.
Shakay, the Tibet expert at UBC,
said when the Chinese government protests visits by leaders like
Sangay and the Dalai Lama, they
are doing more than paying lip service to official policy. In 2010, the
University of Calgary was removed
from the Chinese government's
list of accredited schools after the
Dalai Lama was awarded an honorary degree by the university.
But the Chinese government
did not take a similar action after
UBC awarded the Dalai Lama a
honorary doctor of laws in 2004,
suggesting more prestigious universities are given deference.
"It's not just lip service," Shakay
said, "But I mean, Harvard University hosts the Dalai Lama almost
every year, and so are they goingto
say, We're not goingto recognize
degrees issued from Harvard?'"
Rosen agreed that some universities feel pressure more than
others. When it comes to hosting
the Dalai Lama, some universities
could care less what the Chinese
government stance is, he added.
"They say, 'You know, screw
you. This is our country and if we
invite him as a religious figure or as
a winner ofthe Nobel Peace Prize
we're going to do it. You don't interfere in our internal affairs.'"
SHRUGGING AT THE WEST
But all this comes with an enormous caveat, one that may come
as a surprise to Canadians and
Americans: many ofthe returning
students don't really want China
to change.
With the exception of a handful
of dissidents, students who return
to China are unlikely to agitate for
a society more like Canada's. Much
ofthe reason for this comes from
simple apathy paired with inertia;
while students may find liberal
values somewhat appealing, they
lack a strong political agenda and
don't want to invest energy battling
the Chinese political establishment.
"Most people who study abroad
who do go back understand very
well the nature ofthe political
system," Rosen, the USC professor,
said. "They don't try to make any
waves politically, but simply try to
build a good life for their families."
Wang said while after living in
Canada for several years he has
some appreciation for the political system in Canada, he is not
compelled to draw direct links back
to China. He thinks this view is
representative of many of his fellow
Chinese international students
at UBC.
"I realized that probably the
system here has its advantages, but
when I'm going back home to China
I don't necessarily search for that,"
he said.
Rosen said studies have shown
that young people returning to
China do describe modest changes
in their political activity.
"They participate politically
just by going on the Internet, the
microblogging services like Weibo,
or by talking to their families —
nothing beyond that," he said.
"They know they can't really make
a big impact."
STRENGTHENED
NATIONALISM
Even those modest activities, and
Wang's tepid endorsement of some
aspects of Canadian democracy,
assume Chinese students find the
political systems abroad at least
somewhat favourable to what exists
at home. But experts say the bulk
of Chinese students studying in
North America either never take
the time to understand the new
system of governance, or they are
actively opposed to it for one reason
or another.
Bachman said that due to language barriers and other factors,
students from China often keep to
themselves and, despite studying
in the United States or Canada for
four years or more, don't become
integrated into the local culture,
political or otherwise.
"I don't know that they're getting a full exposure to American
life or American values," Bachman
said ofthe international student
population from China at the
University of Washington. "Often
they room with each other, they
hang out with each other; my sense
is that some, particularly those who
are not confident about their English, don't mingle that much with
American students."
Wang said a similar phenomenon occurs at UBC and that despite
efforts on the part of his club, and
to some extent the university, many
Chinese international students fail
to branch out.
"When they are hanging out
with the Canadian students, they
talk about something like hockey or
movie stars or celebrities that the
Chinese students don't necessarily
know, so it's very difficult for them
to build up their friendships to a
higher level," he said.
He added that in addition to language and cultural barriers, in leaving their families in China many
students become overwhelmed by
studies and errands in their first
few weeks and months in Canada.
"During this time, they're
already not fitting in, so they won't
necessarily try harder to when
they've already gotten used to a
certain way of living — which is
hanging out primarily with Chinese students who speak the same
language and have the same social
background," Wang said.
Zhao said this insularity
includes the information they consume, even when they have access
to news sources and political ideas
that were censored back home.
"They mostly read Chinese language newspapers and have kind
of patriotic feelings," Zhao said,
mentioning another factor. The
children of Chinese elite studying
abroad may have no incentive to
change the system at home which
so greatly benefits them as is.
"A lot of them are from
privileged families," he said,
laughing. "[They] drive Mercedes, BMW."
While this no doubt leaves
many international students
from China unmoved when
it comes to "Canadian values" and western democracy,
it actually has the effect of
turning them even more
toward Chinese nationalism than if they had stayed
at home.
"It was suggested to me by one
of my Chinese students that in fact
they were radicalized, or made
more anti-American, by their
experience; that they didn't feel
a part of American society, that
they felt excluded and that much
of what they saw they weren't sure
they liked," Bachman said. "When
they did have American roommates, they tended not to work as
hard, they tended to party more;
the degrees of personal freedom
that they had, or exhibited, were
ones beyond the bounds for many
Chinese students."
"American culture is seen as
attractive, and, 'Gee... don't the Chinese want to be like us?' and in a lot
of cases the Chinese say, 'We'd like
to be rich, we'd like to be prosperous
like the United States or Canada —
but we don't want to be like you.'"
Gold said that as much as
perceived discrimination might
breed hostility toward western
society, being abroad can also just
simply make one appreciate their
home country.
"If I live abroad, on the hand
I see the flaws back at home, but
on the other hand, I see some
strengths ofthe United States,"
Gold said. "I think a lot ofthe
Chinese feel like, 'Well, this is still
my home.'"
Further, Rosen argues that so-
called western values can actually
compel a nationalism in Chinese
students who get a taste ofthe political ideologies of North America
or Europe.
"The concept of national interest
has really become more important,
that every state, whether it's Canada, the U.S., European countries —
they're all pursuing their national
interests, so why not support
China's national interest?" he said.
CHINA IS NOT ALONE
That the West does not have magical powers when it comes to indoctrinating international students
makes sense when one considers
that many other undemocratic
countries also let their youth study
in the West.
Saudi Arabia, a country even
more authoritarian than China,
accounted for 5.4 per cent of
international students in Canada in
2012. While the Saudi government
has long helped its citizens study
abroad, it has increase those efforts
since the Arab uprisings of 2011,
said Hani Faris, a UBC professor
specializing in the Middle East.
In fact, Faris said the Saudi
government spends billions of
dollars annually funding the full
costs of tuition and living expenses for citizens and their families
studying abroad.
"There's a feeling that you really
need to show largess to maintain
the loyalty of these youth," Faris
said. "You show them largess, you
show them that they owe their
government loyalty."
Faris said that whether or not
students came back favouring
democratic values, the government
expected that they would still
respect Saudi laws and customs. He
added an intriguing point: while
the political systems in Canada and
the United States, for example, are
in many respects the polar opposite
ofthe Saudi system, it is unlikely
young Saudis will be radicalized in
They mostly read
Chinese news and
have kind of a patriotic feelings. A lot
of them come from
privileged families.
SUISEHNGZHAO
Professor
University of Denver and head of
U.S.-China Cooperation Council
the West as opposed to elsewhere.
"It'dbe much more dangerous
were they [to] be sent to places like
Russia or China or India or Brazil,
because there they could take on
radical notions, so the policy is to
send them to western countries
which are the political and economic allies ofthe Saudi government," Faris said.
Faris added that Saudi government officials overtly and perhaps
covertly monitor their citizens
abroad, similar to the whispers of
Chinese government pressure on
their international students.
"They have governmental offices
to look after these students," Faris
said. "Now, whether they use other
elements, other mechanisms, I
don't know. Do they send their own
people to monitor the activities of
these students? I have no idea. I
wouldn't be surprised if they do."
CHANGE ON THE HORIZON?
While there is wide agreement
that few international students are
returning to China ready to launch
massive demonstrations demanding an end to one-party rule, there
is a sense that as the number of
Chinese studying abroad increases, the government back home will
eventually start to open up.
"They want Chinese politics
to be more participatory for sure,
because these people have very
good education from the West and
they experience the West as an
open and participatory political
environment," said Zhao, the University of Denver prof. "But that
will take a while."
Wang, the CSSA president, said his club encourages
its members to take part in
Canadian democracy.
"We try to encourage them to
vote and just adopt the western
political culture," Wang said. "It's
just difficult because the majority
of our members are coming from
mainland China and when they
come to Canada ... their way of
thinking is already built up, so it's
difficult to change." XI
that matter.
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RHYS EDWARDS
OMNOMNOM»
Fast food lifestyle, slow food culture
PHOTO STEPHANIE XU/THE UBYSSEY
In 2011, UBC's White Spot rebranded itself as a Triple O's in order to accommodate massive student numbers.
Angela Tien
StaffWriter
Fifty per cent: that's the failure rate of most
restaurants in the first three years.
However, a spate of new or rebranded
restaurants which have all opened on or
around the UBC campus in recent years
have managed to defy this pattern, and they
share one thing in common: a service model
based off of lounge-style seating paired with
fast food.
The list includes the old White Spot at the
corner of Main Mall and Agricultural Road,
which was rebranded as a Triple O's in 2011;
the Pendulum Restaurant, which combined
with the Gallery Lounge in the current SUB
until the New SUB opens; Mercante in Ponderosa Commons; and also the new non-UBC
affiliated 5 Tastes Chinese Bistro in the centre
ofthe Village.
Sauder's assistant professor of marketing
and behavioural science division, JoAndrea
Hoegg, believes that a restaurant's success
at UBC depends on the ability to balance the
efficiency students want and the numbers that
companies want to see.
"The system they have now, students that
want [can just] come in, get their food, and
just go... and then for those that want to stay
and spend their time, they can; they're not
using up all the chairs and all the places," said
Hoegg, referencing the Gallery and Triple O's
business model.
"Students like to have places they could talk
and hang out and study, but the restaurant
success is about getting enough turnover, particularly for a lunch crowd with the turnover,
and [at] UBC we're really only talking about
lunch. Having them move quickly is very
important for the restaurant, but students that
want to sit, generally want to stay."
Hoegg believes a campus restaurant is
successful when it upholds that cross-purpose,
like the Gallery and Triple O's.
"I think it's a way of achieving both those
A HOME AWAY FROM HOME
The Ubyssey spoke with Nancy Toogood, the
AMS food and beverage manager, about high
customer turnover at the Gallery.
Toogood said the Gallery usually has
around 374 people going through on quiet
days. On average, 50 per cent of those people
stay in the restaurant during lunchtime simply
because there's seating available. In the afternoon, the average goes up to 70 per cent of
people staying in the restaurant. She believes
these numbers show that UBC students want
to have a space where they can eat, study
or socialize.
"The nicer seating you have — the minute
it's a comfortable place to relax and lounge —
you automatically start to encourage students
to come hang out," Toogood said. "It should
feel welcoming, but [not] expensive. They'll
come in with two or three friends for two
or three hours and the atmosphere is more
conducive to that."
When students think about food, they think
about just that — food. Unlike other customer
demographics, they don't necessarily have
the feelings associated with the experience
of food on their proverbial plate. However,
they are still discerning enough to demand a
comfortable eating environment.
Students like to have
places they could talk
and hang out and study,
but the restaurant
success is about getting
enough turnover.
JoAndrea Hoegg
Sauder assistant professor of
marketing
"There's something about atmosphere that
is an incredibly important part of any restaurant. When you go out for dinner [in] Yale-
town, atmosphere is critical," Hoegg said.
Hoegg used Starbucks as an example.
Although most people get their coffee to go,
Hoegg explained how there's notion of what
businesses call the "third place."
"It's not home, its not work, it's this place
you can hang out."
If a place is comfortable and inviting,
there's a sense of welcoming and comfort,
which are all classic Starbucks characteristics.
"Most times, I do grab my food and go, but
if [it] was just the counter, the more McDonald's kind of seating, it wouldn't have that
luxurious feeling," Hoegg said. "Again, you
have those two purposes: the notion of quick
food, but also this is a nicer restaurant experience you're paying for. Even for the people
that are going, they are still buying into that
experience."
When asked if UBC were to apply this business model all other quick-food restaurants in
the SUB and on campus, however, Hoegg at
Why UBC restaurants are adopting a hybrid
service model for newer generations of students
first remained skeptical. Consumers are familiar with a particular system and food associated with the establishment, and categorize it
as such. Therefore, it may feel strange when
deliberate change contrasts with that already
understood association.
Hoegg cited Subway as an example: "If
it was Subway, it probably wouldn't work. I
think it depends a lot on what the restaurant is
and how they're perceived in the minds ofthe
consumer."
Moreover, Hoegg said a change of business
model to a nicer option depends on the financial situation ofthe owners — and switching
can prove difficult. Owners need pretty good
evidence that a switch would financially
feasible. But it can be done with a lot of effort,
especially through effective marketing. If a
company chooses to do so, it can rebrand, just
as White Spot did.
But this rebranding is a little trickier.
"Companies brand restaurants. They spend
a lot of time and effort to create a position in
the mind ofthe consumers."
But Hoegg does believe that implementing
the particular business model to other restaurants could be done, given the right guidance.
"I'm not saying if someone new came in, it's
not possible, but I think it would really depend
on whichever establishment you're talking
about and how people perceive it. If we see it
as a little more upscale, you could do that."
UBC students are a widely diverse group of
people, with different preferences of atmosphere, and the administration recognizes that.
Toogood explained how certain types of
people prefer the dimmer lighting and more
subdued atmosphere ofthe Gallery, while
others prefer bright, frantic and distinctive
seating geared towards visibility by peers.
At the same time, the AMS is also focused
on quickening the process ofthe lunchtime
rush in order to maintain the balance of their
business model: to serve food quickly and
have a friendly environment simultaneously.
According to Toogood, there has been an
increase of people during rush hour due to the
increase in fast food-oriented services.
"We're trying to expedite the service,"
Toogood said, speaking about plans for the
New SUB. "We are working hard on the online
ordering now. [There's] more cash registers,
better lineups and better flow. It will be a
much quicker process. It will be a one-stop
shop."
Success comes from a restaurant's ability to
maintain that balance.
Toogood recalls a time when the Gallery
was failing. The TVs were loud, the music
distracting, and the lights as bright as those
found in an operating room.
However, when the manager repainted
the walls to a warmer colour, rearranged
the seating and sped up food preparation,
the restaurant's turnover started picking up
in numbers.
"We didn't change the furniture [or] the
setting, but it has been doing a lot better in the
last three months. You can create an atmosphere though lighting and through music, and
attention to small details."
ITS ALL ABOUT THE CUSTOMER
Triple O's operations supervisor Josie Midha
agrees that atmosphere is a major component
of success.
"The setting is a complete fluke because
this was a White Spot full-service restaurant.
Somebody who is going to be running a quick
service model would never have seats like
that," Midha said ofthe Triple O's physical
setting.
"We're very lucky to have comfortable
booths and seating. This is [all] for a sit-down
restaurant. Anyone that is designing a new
concept, they're going to make sure that the
seating is more than what we have," Midha
said, referencing the business model currently
used by the Triple O's on campus.
"What you're seeing is really unique."
The previous model — a full-service, sit-
down restaurant — was altered due to the
sheer volume of students that filled the restau-
=HOTO CARTER BRUNDAGE3THE UBYSSEY
Above: Mercante prepares fast food while maintaining a cosmopolitan ambiance.
Below: The Gallery Lounge serves ready-made salads
and has a grill serving quesadillas and sandwiches.
=HOTOSTEPHANIEXU3THE UBYSSEY
rant during lunch hours. Midha recalls how, at
12:30 p.m., the restaurant would be completely
full, and they would have to turn people away.
Despite the presence of its flat screens, bar,
full patio and numerous large window panes,
Midha maintains that the restaurant never
oriented its service strictly to the physical
limitations ofthe space. Rather, it's the engagement and communal atmosphere that has
made Triple O's such a success on campus.
Midha believes it's the customer service
which is conducive to the overall atmosphere that students get when entering the
restaurant.
"It's a good feeling in the restaurant and I
get people [telling] me that," Midha said. "You
cannot buy that feeling. It's the feeling ofthe
people around you. It's like an orchestra, like
a symphony.
"You could really feel the atmosphere of
engaging with the staff. It's customer service,
big time."
Another new UBC Food Services venue,
Mercante, has been credited with this same
atmosphere. Mercante offers a comfortable
ambiance and communal seating below modern high ceilings alongwith quick service and
food, which is made in front ofthe customer.
"That feel [of Mercante] is a perfect
example of why we [UBC Food Services] do
it," said Midha. "We want to make sure that
people have good feelings about it."
What UBC students want, it seems, is that
sense of community in whichever restaurant
they choose to eat in. It is an amalgamation
of community and customer engagement; the
ambiance and atmosphere ofthe restaurant
contributes to its success. It is dependent
on small things like lighting, and whether a
restaurant cares enough to fix a small scratch
on the wall. Yet the student lifestyle also demands budget pricing and efficiency.
In this sense, UBC could benefit from a
adapting their largely fast food-oriented model towards one that caters towards quick food
and a great atmosphere. And, on the part of
the administration, there have been initiatives
made to implement it.
Toogood has shown The Ubyssey several
plans for the New SUB, and the future looks
bright. Many restaurants are being rebranded
already, and some will even have their own
booth-style seating.
All students can do now is wait for it to
finish being built. XI 10    I    CULTURE    I    MONDAY, MARCH 10,2014
"Ubu Roi is timeless, placeless, it shamelessly displays
what civilization tries hard to hide."
■ Translator Barbara Wright
by Alfred Jarry
TRANSLATED   8^211x1 Wllght
Ryan Gladstone
DIRECTED
BY
MARCH 20-APRIL 5, 2014
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
TICKETS: slo|sl5|s22
BOX OFFICE: 604-822-2678
BOOKS»
Reading out loud
Thousands of texts recorded
by volunteers at Crane Library
Jenica Montgomery
StaffWriter
One of UBC's least known libraries
has one ofthe richest and deepest
histories on campus.
Since its conception in 1968, the
Crane Library, located in Brock
Hall, has been providing students
with visual and learning disabilities
with the resources they need to
study. The library has grown both in
volume and technology, expanding
on Charles Crane's personal collection to include 7,000 book recordings (audio and cassette), 350 e-text
titles and 2,301 Braille titles.
The personal Braille collection,
housed in the library, belonged to
Charles Crane, who was a deaf and
blind UBC student. The collection is
home to various titles, from The Life
of Charles Dickens to The Decline and
Fall ofthe Roman Empire by Edward
Gibbon. Crane's lifelong dedication
to literature shows itself in the history ofthe Crane Library, and the enthusiasm of its staff and volunteers.
"There's something about being
able to be around somebody's
personal collection, and somebody
who just valued learning," said
Laurie Dawson, alternate format
production assistant with the Crane
Library. "He was a lifelong learner
no matter what obstacles — he was
insistent on learning. So hopefully
some of that energy can rub off on
the poor students who are studying
like 12 hours a day for finals.
"He was a renaissance man," she
added. "We have Braille books from
his personal collection, over 10,000
volumes, from everything from how
to make lentil soup to the collection
of Shakespeare, to Jungian analysis,
to an arbourist encyclopedia....
He just gave us a wealth of things
to build on. It's really a jewel in
the crown, I think, of Access and
Diversity to have this Braille collection."
The services the Crane library
offers were already happening unofficially amongst visually impaired
students and volunteer guides
and tutors. Upon the acquisition
of Crane's personal collection, the
program was able to solidify into
something more akin to the Crane
Library's current form.
"The program was already sort
of happening informally, and then
once the collection came, things sort
of coalesced into getting a space,"
said Heidi Nygard, alternate format
collections coordinator with the
Crane Library.
Within the first year of operation,
the library had extended past Braille
collections into audio, and as the
years continue to go by, the technology continues to transform and
change to accommodate the needs
and wants of students.
"The technology has completely
changed. When I came here we
were recording on reel-to-reel
tapes," said Anne Cameron, a dedicated Crane Library volunteer. "It
just gets better."
The recording studio for the
Crane Library is located in the basement of Brock Hall, and while it may
seem stuffy and dungeon-like to
some, the staff make the atmosphere
warm and inviting.
"Down here I feel like we [have]
a very hip 70s student newspaper-type vibe," Dawson said. Indeed, the recording studio is in fact
located in The Ubyssey's old office
from the 1950s. The inviting atmosphere makes up for the isolating
experience of sitting in a soundproof
booth with only yourself and a book
to keep you company.
"It's a lonely volunteer gig,"
Dawson said. "They get sort of holed
up in a booth for two hours, and we
say 'hi' and 'bye' to them, but that's
pretty much it."
The volunteers don't necessarily
feel alone in their booth. For some,
they are so deeply focused that it
would be impossible to feel lonely.
"It's the same reading a book at
home, with a newspaper, or doing
a crossword puzzle. You know,
focused on what you're doing.
So I don't feel like that at all. The
booths are quite comfortable,"
Cameron said.
With 110 active volunteers, the
Crane library is never short on
hands, or rather, voices; at the time
of writing, they can't accept anymore. Surprisingly, only 30 ofthe
=HOTOJOSH LEE3THE UBYSSEY
The Crane collection includes thousands
of Braille titles, such as this Playboy
magazine.
volunteers are students. Like many
others, long-time volunteer Anne
Cameron has been with the Crane
Library for about 20 years.
"I was driving home from work
one night in the early '80s when
I heard on the CBC about Crane
Library and that they needed readers, and because I've also worked
in the theatre and I've had voice
training, I thought, 'Hey, that's a
good thing for me to do,' so I started then," said Cameron. "I enjoy
it. I volunteered because I guess
I had been thinking about giving
back to your community."
All ofthe volunteers for the
Crane Library are put through an
audition process to weed out anyone who don't fit with the specific
criteria required for recording
books. Volunteers need to have a
certain tone and pace when recording. The library strives for a natural
and consistent-sounding read, with
little to no overacting. It's a difficult
task that few are able to master.
"It's kind of a unique skill to be
able to read academic texts right off
the bat," said Nygard.
The circumstances and history
surrounding the Crane Library
make it a one-of-a-kind program.
The dedicated staff and volunteers
continue to add to the rich legacy
Crane left behind.
"I just think it's an incredible
institution. It allows people to
follow their careers up to this level,
the university level," said Cameron.
"I think it's just an amazing thing,
really." XI
Notes of bullshit: the reasoning behind wine jargon
JOSHUA
DEC0L0NG0N
Wine
Sometimes, wine descriptors are
such bullshit. I admit it.
But some people also take it
too seriously.
We don't rake on storytellers for
using flirty and fancy language to
describe the hundreds of ways that
women succumb to the sexual advances of handcuff-wielding businessmen — to take a recent popular
literary example — so I don't
understand why similar language
can't be used to describe wine. It's
fun because it becomes both hilariously difficult and gruelling to
describe taste through words, since
it's so subjective, and then you don't
know if half of the people talking to
you are bullshitting. Alas. There's a
reason why the Harry Potter series
wasn't written as a list of things the
main characters did each day.
Let's poke at an example of one
of my own tasting notes: "The
wine's stone fruit, tropical fruit
and ginger suggestions evoked the
image of a tropical surf wave, with
an equivalently heavy texture and
the relaxed precision of a ginger
surfer. Off-dryness was well-balanced with acid."
Learning wine jargon
for the average person
is like catching up with
#swag and #yolo for the
middle-aged dad, so just
keep practicing.
It's almost like opening an oven
at 230 degrees Celsius and getting
an instant heat wave of pretentious
asshole. (And some wine people
are!) But let's pick this apart.
First off: synonyms and wine
jargon galore. Sometimes we refer
to the aromas of wine as "the
nose" in the same way that we
describe the flavours in the mouth
as "the palate." "Notes," "hints"
and "suggestions" all really mean
the same thing — I'm sure some
LLUSTRATION LUELLASUNJTHE UBYSSEY
Certain phrases in wine tasting terminology might seem obtuse, but there are reasons
behind their use.
"crushed rock" and "baked bread,"
but those are just fancy terms for
"smells like rocks" and "yeasty." I've
also heard and used "horse blanket"
and "hospital corridor," referring to
the aromas that the brettanomyces
yeast and the Pinotage grape can
exude, respectively. Learningwine
jargon for the average person is like
catching up with #swag and #yolo
people would disagree, but that's
just another case for the whole
subjectivity card. The list goes on.
Every wine will have, or will be
born with, some form of fruit aroma. It's relatively easy to describe
when you get used to it — it's the
non-fruit descriptors that baffle
people. Riled-up customers have
been confused by descriptions of
for the middle-aged dad, so just
keep practicing.
There are numerous things
to pay attention to on the palate.
Sweetness is what most people
notice first, the absence of which
is referred to as "dryness." Acidity
is also key to balance, where such
brightness is needed to balance
out sweet fruit flavours. Texture
is also important; descriptors will
often refer to the weight ofthe
wine. In my case, I referred to the
typically oily and heavier texture
of a wine made from Gewurztra-
miner. Red wines will have the
added component of tannin, which
has a mouth-drying sensation and
adds to the body.
Finally, pay attention to how
long the flavours last in your
mouth: a longer length indicates
higher quality, sort of like how
good sex might leave a longer-lasting impression.
Once you master the basics,
have fun with it! Wine is meant to
be an item of pleasure, so don't let
wine terminology scare you, but
also don't be afraid to learn where
these terms come from. Drinking
is the best way to learn. (Finally.) XI LAST WORDS//
SQUIRRELLY SPIRIT
Our Artona "school spirit" photo
contest ended Sunday. The photos
showed many ofthe great aspects of
our campus. However, the contest
also left us wondering what UBC
students actually think school
spirit is.
Ofthe 43 photos submitted, 25
were of scenery. Yes, we understand
that our campus is picturesque and
makes for beautiful photos, but is
school spirit lacking so much that
people must resort to taking a picture of a sunset, a squirrel or a lonely
student walking through the rain?
And yes, our beautiful campus is
part of why many of us are proud to
go here, but the lack of photos showing people having fun on campus is
a bit alarming.
Low attendance at varsity games,
waning numbers at Pit Night and
an increase of people coming to
campus just for class all go to show
that school spirit at UBC has faded.
This contest did little to change that
perception.
NEW LEGISLATION HELPS
STUDENTS WITHOUT
"BEAUTIFUL CARS"
Canadian students often have this
preconceived idea that inter
national students are all overseas
oil princes and princesses. Many
students do come from overseas
with cash from mom and dad (see:
the University of Beautiful Cars
blog). However, many international students are Americans
who come up to Canada for
lower tuition costs and live on the
same shoestring budget as many
domestic students.
The new student residency
immigration legislation allows
those students to finally get that
off-campus barista job they've
been dreaming of to support their
borderline alcoholism.
It's the Canadian student experience they deserve.
APPARENTLY YOU DON'T
ACTUALLY WANT A NICE
PLACE TO EAT
A long-standing gripe at UBC is that
there are relatively few places on
campus that offer a classy dining experience; Sage Bistro and the Point
Grill are the only offerings.
But according to the sources
quoted in this issue's story on
campus eateries, this isn't really
the fault of UBC Food Services;
rather, establishments at UBC are
by and large forced to orient their
businesses towards fast food mod-
LLUSTRATION CJ PENTLANDJTHE UBYSSEY
els since that's the only way they
can remain fiscally feasible in the
long term. Students are a capricious bunch — much as we claim
we would like to dine in a relaxed,
esthetically pleasing environment,
the fact is that we need to eat for
cheap and quick.
Yet part ofthe AMS's current
budgetary troubles stem from
their inability to make enough
profit from the variety of businesses they operate — including some
ofthe most rapid food purveyors of
all, like Pie R Squared, the Moon
or the Burger Bar in the SUB. The
fast food just isn't fast enough,
it seems; and yet, paradoxically,
the AMS's efforts to ameliorate
lineups by installing an online
advanced food ordering system
have somehow evaded the interest
of students.
It would seem, then, that
businesses like Mercante and
the rebranded Triple O's are an
effort to escape from this culinary
catch-22 — by attempting to offer
the best of both worlds, they are
setting a model for future restaurants to follow both on campus and
elsewhere. Since UBC and the AMS
will be doubling down on this model
in the New SUB, we can only hope
that their bet works out in the long
term. XI
UBC played it safe in sports review
NATALIE SCADDEN
Editor's Notebook
There was certainly no shortage
of drama during the university's
review of its varsity sports program, but in the end, there was no
dramatic overhaul.
This review seemed to cause an
awful lot of negative publicity for
the university and unnecessary
stress on its student-athletes and
coaches. While the vast majority
are relieved now that it's over,
there is still uncertainty ahead
for others.
The five teams that got bumped
down to competitive club status —
men's and women's alpine skiing,
men's and women's Nordic skiing
and women's Softball — are arguably
the least controversial teams the
university could have demoted.
The ski teams already functioned
on such a small budget that they'll
carry on just fine as clubs. They'll
even get to keep the beloved
Thunderbird name, so really, not
much will change. Unfortunately
for the Softball team, their size and
competition schedule requires a
larger travel budget, and it's unlikely
they will get enough money to continue in the same capacity.
Still, after months of hearing
cries from local media, alumni,
donors and athletes who were
worried their sports were in danger,
the only surprise here is how few
teams were downgraded. The
university said it needed to address
the sustainability — UBC's favourite
word — ofthe athletics department,
but it's hard to see how they've
done that by taking away the varsity
status of just five teams, and relatively inexpensive ones at that.
The review does seem to have
forced teams to reengage with their
alumni and get donors to open up
their wallets. This is important, but
let's remember that in order for that
to be sustainable, it needs to happen
on a consistent year-to-year basis.
For the four varsity teams stuck
in the "hybrid funding" tier — men's
baseball, men's hockey, men's field
hockey and women's rugby —
they're goingto have to come up
with significant funding on their
own every year in order to keep
their status. It'll be tough to cover
with alumni donations alone, so
they'll likely need to find additional new sponsors — and this is no
easy task.
Hopefully this review has made
every team think about how to
generate more interest and attract a
fan base, because that remains the
biggest shortfall for UBC Athletics
in terms of revenue building. With a
total of 90 CIS national championships and counting, UBC has arguably the best varsity sports program
in Canada. It's a shame it took the
threat of cutting teams to get people
to notice. XI
'Call Safewalk to
escort you to your
desintation
=HOTO CARTER BRUNDAGE3THE UBY
Emma Flinebit argues UBC's messaging around how to stay safe on campus make
students feel unsafe, and that hearing Safewalk adivisories on TransLink don't help.
EMMA FLINEBIT
Op-Ed
I thought it would have stopped by
now. Someone would have come
to their senses and realized it was
a bad idea. It sends the wrong
message, in the wrong place, and
diverts attention from the reality.
It doesn't make any sense and
besides, it just sounds creepy.
Yet every morning, as buses
full of sleepy students sipping
their coffees and browsing their
smartphones rolls towards Alma, a
robotic voice orders me and the 50
other poor souls on the bus to "call
Safewalk to escort you to your
destination."
No one else bats an eye anymore. We've learned to tune it out.
According to Matthew Duguay,
AMS student services manager,
the bus messaging was requested
by UBC as part of coordinated effort to respond to the series of sexual assaults on campus last year.
TransLink's message to call Safe-
walk supports UBC's broader messaging, which continues to remind
everyone on campus — although
us women know they're really
only talking to us — to "stay safe"
and "don't walk alone." Although
the recently released report from
the campus safety working group
mentions receiving feedback about
this messaging — specifically its
gendered implication and the way
that it has instilled fear on campus
— there is no mention of any plans
to change it.
The "don't walk alone" messaging from TransLink and UBC
may be painting an incomplete picture of where we are really "safe."
We've been reminded repeatedly about the six sexual assaults
at UBC last year, and I don't intend to minimize the seriousness
of those incidents. But according
to a Globe and Mail article last
month, there were 132 reported
sexual offences on transit in 2013
(see translinkharassment.word-
press.com for several disturbing
accounts). And yet the message
TransLink has decided to play
four times every morning on my
way to school is not "don't assault
people on the bus" or "keep your
hands to yourself," but "call Safe-
walk."
Duguay told me they want
TransLink to change the timing
ofthe messaging, which plays at
all hours despite Safewalk only
opening at 7 p.m. But he added that
it has had some success in increas
ing the number of people who call
Safewalk to escort them from the
bus loops from one or two a night
to between five and 10.
I try to imagine what would
happen if all 50 passengers who
are on the bus with me, along with
the hundreds of others arriving
in the UBC bus loop at any given
time, obediently pulled out their
phones as the bus passed Alma
and called Safewalk to escort them
to their destination. I imagine us
forming a queue in the bus loop to
wait for the two or three pairs of
Safewalkers on duty to come and
escort each one of us to our various
classes and appointments. I imagine this causing quite the traffic
jam in the bus loop, with some of
us waiting hours for Safewalk to
work through the high volume
of calls from students who knew
better than to walk alone.
TransLink's message
to call Safewalk
supports UBC's broader
messaging, which
continues to remind
everyone on campus
not to walk alone —
although us women
know they're only
really talking to us.
But what would happen after
the students reached their destinations? The messaging ignores the
much broader and more prevalent
reality of sexual assault. While we
are worried about a hooded figure
lurking in the bushes at UBC,
women are much more likely to be
assaulted in their homes and by
someone they know. According to
the Globe article, we are also more
likely to be assaulted on transit
than at the university where we
have the option to be escorted
by Safewalk.
Unfortunately, it seems the
creepy robotic message that
haunts me on the bus every
morning is, at best, a way for
TransLink to say, "See? We're
doing our part to stop women from
being assaulted at UBC!"
In my experience, it's just one
more reminder I face every day
telling me I'm not safe on campus,
I have no right to walk alone, and
if I choose to ignore all the warnings, it's my own fault. XI
Emma Flinebit is a UBC master's
student in planning. 12    I    GAMES    I    MONDAY, MARCH 10,2014
CROSSWORD
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MUZZLE COURTESYBESTCROSSWORDS.COM. USED WITH PERMISSION.
DOUBLE SUDOKU
Here's two times the numbers fun for those upset that the crossword gets
published more often. Easy on top, intermediate on the bottom.
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5- Chipped in
10-Agreement
14-Go it alone
15-Specialty
16-Other, inOaxaca
17-Linguist Chomsky
18-
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28-
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Evens the score
Defer action
Perlman of Cheers
Witticism
New Zealand aborigina
Mohawk-sporting actor
Writers of verse
35-Shoepart
37-Santa __
Wreath of flowers
In spite of
Keats work
Director's cry
46-1992 Wimbledon champ
47- Open a tennis match
50-Laugh syllable
52-Slippery as __
53-Always
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57- North indicated by a magnetic
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64- Recording of acoustic signals
65-Manipulates
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4- The day following today
5-Blazing
6-Polite refusal
7- Very, in Versailles
8-Coup d'	
9- Strong blue cotton fabric
10-Edible tuber
11-Arguing
12-Manitoba native
13-Univ. aides
21-Hot stuff
22-Queue before Q
25- Legendary ruler of Crete
26-Battery pole
27-Blender brand
29- Dreadlocks wearer
30-Big bang cause
32- Beethoven dedicatee
33-High-strung
34-Seal
36-And so on
38-Penlight battery
41-Come again?
42-Marsh of mystery
43-Scall
48-Vegetable
49-Bard's nightfall
51- Bigot
54-Hit back, perhaps
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57-Silent
58-Sometimes you feel like ...
59- Rotate
60-Prefix with logical
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e have done it
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