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The Ubyssey Apr 3, 2014

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  // Page 2
Screening of My Legacy and Q+A
with filmmaker Helen Haig-Brown.
Dinner provided if you RSVP at
Crash Simon Fraser University's
version of Block Party! The artist
lineup includes 3LAU, Vicetone,
Moiez, FKYA and Sajjid. And
haven't you always wanted to go
to Burnaby? It's only a two buses
and a SkyTrain away! $40 for non-
SFU students
Take a break from end-of-term
assignments and hearUBCA
Capella and othersinging groups
perform sans instruments. Featuring mashups, medleys and Juno-nominated guests. They also
play April 10 at the Norm Theatre.
$5 for students, $8 for non-students
"/ was surprised how many people were happy to smile and have their
photograph taken by a complete stranger early morning on a weekday.
Almost everyone that was photographed seemed very enthusiastic
about the concept." Photos by Kosta Prodanovic.
Video content
We have videos! Go to ubyssey.ca/
videos/ to watch our Watch My Stuff
video, classic Sports Friends, etc.
Coordinating Editor
Geoff Lister
Managing Editor, Print
Ming Wong
Managing Editor, Web
CJ Pentland
News Editors
Will McDonald +
Sarah Bigam
Senior News Writer
Veronika Bondarenko
Culture Editor
Rhys Edwards
Senior Culture Writer
Aurora Tejeida
Sports + Rec Editor
Natalie Scadden
Senior Lifestyle Writer
Reyhana Heatherington
Features Editor
Amo Rosenfeld
Video Producer
Lu Zhang
Copy Editor
Matt Meuse
Photo Editor
Carter Brundage
Indiana Joel
Tony Li
Distribution Coordinator
Lily Cai
Catherine Guan, NickAdams:
Kanta Dihal, Marlee Laval,
Angela Tien, Carly Sotas, Alex
Meisner, Luella Sun, Jenny
Mehryar Maalem, Jack Hauen:
Kosta Prodanovic, Olivia Law,
JethroAu, Bailey Ramsay,
Jenica Montgomery.Austen
Erhardt, Alice Fleerackers:
Nikos Wright, Milica Palinic
Jovana Vranic, Mackenzie
Walker, Kaveh Sarhangpour
Steven Richards, Gabriel
Germaix, Jaime Hills, Jenny
Tan, Kaidie Williams, Rachel
Levy-McLaughlin, Maura
Forrest, Paul SJon
Fernie Pereira
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the moment
with photog
Martin Dee
Mackenzie Walker
Staff Photographer
When people think ofthe UBC
visual look, they usually think of
the picturesque views of campus,
portraits of professors that bring
academia to life in viewbooks,
brochures and the like. There's
a good chance that most ofthe
photography they're seeing is
created by UBC's official photographer Martin Dee.
Working as a photographer for UBC for over 28 years
across three UBC presidents,
Dee has the insider perspective
ofthe ever-changing campus,
and has had a role in shaping its
visual identity.
Starting out as a Langara
College photography grad, Dee
previously worked in a one-hour
photo lab as a lab technician.
From there, Dee eventually found
his way to UBC working in the
photography department. He has
been here ever since, and is now
the only official university photographer left on campus.
Dee started his career with a
solid technical understanding of
his craft. He was trained on and
spent the majority of his career
working with film, and he attributes this to his continuing success
in the photography industry.
Dee is modest in his contribution to UBC, saying the
current brand has been a team
effort between art directors and
marketing advisors.
"That's a very flattering
thought," he said. "Over the
years, UBC has moved on from
staged stock photography back in
the '90s to more [about] capturing a moment and naturally lit
photos today.
"Let's not just take picture," he
says, "let's make pictures."
Whether photographing students or future UBC presidents,
like he did at the announcement
of Arvind Gupta, Dee's top priority is making the subject feel as
relaxed as possible in order to get
a great photo.
"I find that a quick, naturally
lit photo makes the subject much
more comfortable then a large
light setup."
Martin Dee is UBC's official photographer, and he's worked here for over 28 years,
across three UBC presidents.
Photography isn't the only
thing on Dee's mind. After graduating high school, he dreamt of
travelling — specifically, to Asia.
"I wanted to travel after high
school, but my parents were
focused on me getting an education."
He did eventually follow
though with his dream, travelling to southeast Asia after his
Langara program and with a diploma in hand. He thought nothing
would stop him in his travels,
until 51 weeks after his departure
from Canada, he caught dengue
fever in the Philippines and returned home.
Martin Dee has found his
niche here at UBC, but still continues to learn.
"I learn from photographers
that I aspire to be, and I learn
from students here on campus.
Everyone has something to
Dee's humble approach to the
craft might just explain how he
has managed to work here for so
long. XI
To those interested in
pursuing photography as
a career of their own, Dee
"Don't be discouraged by
negative feedback. Learn
from them and do better next
time. Don't be afraid to try new
things and you'll eventually
figure out what works and will
keep you growing. And don't
get complacent. There is
always room for improvement.'
©fi     Staff members: be
4f|     sure to vote in our
^*    2014-2015 editorial
elections before
Friday 3:45 p.m.
p^l Need to boost your income?
^"^ I Sy^Earn extra $$$ renting your dormant stuff
%£>Get up & running in minutes
\/   Managed from your iPhone/iPad/iPod
~r App'store \1!^Q8 ids efi ^n©333(DaifiaEd3aiD // News
A scientist from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory uses a photoemission electron microscope at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory in Richland, Washington.
Building planned for quantum research
Sarah Bigam
News Editor
UBC plans to start construction
on a new building for an expanded
Quantum Matter Institute in June.
At a Board of Governors standing committee meeting on April
1, the board approved a $2.5
million funding release to continue plans for the project, which
will be built as an addition to the
Brimacombe building.
Dean of Science Simon Peacock
said the building will be primarily
comprised of research labs to support quantum materials scientists
and engineers. It will house the
Quantum Matter Institute and
will also be used by German PhD
researchers through UBC's partnership with the Max Planck Society.
"There'll be quite a few electron
microscopes, microscopes that
allow us to examine material down
at the atomic level," said Peacock.
"These unusual quantum properties
emerge when you do things very
small - very small wires, very small
sheets - and we need to be able to
look at them at the atomic scale."
$2 million ofthe building's
budget hinges on UBC receiving a
Canada Excellence Research Chair
(CERC) from the federal government, which would provide UBC
with $10 million over seven years
to pay for equipment and personnel
support for UBC's candidate.
In November 2012, UBC was
selected to recruit a CERC in
quantum materials. Jenny Hoffman,
an associate professor of physics
at Harvard University, has been
recruited by UBC and is their proposed candidate for the position.
"We looked for the very best
people to complement our existing
strengths," said Peacock. "This was
to build upon research excellence
and try to build it to the very top
The CERC candidates are
currently being reviewed and the
final results are expected to be
announced in May.
Hoffman's research requirements
changed the plans for the building, which initially did not have
sufficient materials for electron
microscopy. Four ultra-low vibration chambers are now planned
for the basement ofthe building.
As these changes cost $2.2 million,
the second floor will now be left as
unused space for "when funds can
be raised," according to a report to
the Board.
The changes pushed back the
predicted completion ofthe project
by two months. Construction is predicted to be complete by August 2016.
"It's far easier to change a
building before you've built it than
after," said Peacock. "We're happy
to accept a slight delay in the timing
ofthe building to be able to incorporate the electron microscopes
needed by Professor Hoffman."
Construction is estimated to cost
$25.2 million. The Faculty of Science has committed $8 million and
UBC has committed $11 million.
Fundraising for the remaining
$4.2 million is ongoing. If fundraising is not successful, the remainder
will be funded by Science, UBC and
the Faculty of Applied Science.
"I can't wait for Jenny Hoffman
to get here," said Peacock. "She's a
dynamo and she's goingto take us
to the next level."
The project comes before the
Board of Governors for the next
step in the approval process on
April 14. XI
Results of the SU B waste audit
On March 19, UBC club Common
Energy held UBC's first-ever
student-run waste audit. Fifty
volunteers sorted through and
documented 12 hours' worth of
waste from the SUB.
This amounted to 368.33 kg of
total waste. Before sorting, garbage
accounted for 64 per cent of the
waste, but afterwards, food scraps
accounted for 49 per cent and garbage accounted for only 19 per cent.
71.42 kg of the total waste was
garbage, 179.95 kg food scraps,
33.58 kg recyclable containers and
83.38 kg paper.
Only 27 per cent of what was
thrown out as garbage was actually
garbage, but 89 percent of food
scraps and 92 per cent of paper
were sorted correctly. In total,
50 per cent of the waste was
sorted properly.
"Without even reducing the
amount of waste produced or
making infrastructual changes,
UBC could reduce the amount of
garbage sent to the landfill by 45 per
cent if UBC students and staff sorted
out their waste correctly," CE's
report read.
CE composed a "blacklist" of
several items sold in the SUB that
are unsustainable and were found
in high abundance. These items
include styofoam containers sold by
the Deli, plastic food containers sold
at Honour Roll, waxed paper bags
and cups and plastic-lined bags, xi
Tuition to increase
for international,
domestic students
Will McDonald
News Editor
At Tuesday's Board of Governors standing committee meeting, members approved tuition
increases for both domestic and
international students.
Domestic undergraduate
students will see a two per cent
tuition increase, while undergraduate international tuition
for incoming students will
increase by three per cent. The
Board also approved a two per
cent tuition increase for domestic and international graduate
students. All three student BoG
representatives voted in favour of
the increases.
International undergraduate
students starting in the 2014 -
2015 academic year will see
increases of two per cent each
year until their degree program
is completed.
The Board also approved
tuition for several new programs,
including the bachelor of media
studies. Tuition for the program will be set at $214.81 per
credit for domestic students and
$842.67 per credit for international students. This will make
the degree cost $6,000 more than
a regular bachelor of Arts for domestic students and $7,920 more
for international students.
The next Board of Governors meeting will be April 14.
A 47.6 per cent tuition increase
was also on the agenda for the
master of management program, but
after a student BoG rep asked about
the justification behind the cost, the
Board decided to postpone it.
"I'm seeing blank looks all
around the table," UBC President
Stephen Toope said at the meeting.
"Let's just bring that back."
The Board also decided to defer
discussion on a 20 per cent increase
to the iMED fee, a fee international
students pay to help cover their
medical costs before B.C. healthcare
takes effect.
"I still can't help have a red
flag go off when I see a 20 per
cent increase in premiums," BoG
student representative Matt
Parson said in reference to the
fee increase.
VP Students Louise Cowin
said the increase was partly due
to a change in health care provider, and was in line with the level
of health services UBC pays for
international students.
The Board also discussed several other proposed fees, including a $90 fee for students to write
a deferred exam at the Okanagan
campus. After student rep Curtis
Tse questioned the rationale behind this fee, the Board decided
to postpone its approval. 31
Whistler Lodge to
be sold without
The AMS has until April 30 to come up
with a plan for how to sell the Lodge.
Will McDonald
News Editor
AMS Council has decided to sell
the Whistler Lodge as it is, rather
than renovate or lease it.
Council unanimously approved the decision last Wednesday. While they have decided to
sell the lodge in its current state,
they will not list it for sale until
they have developed a plan to
sell it.
Although the AMS was considering other options for the lodge,
including leasing it, the society's
business board determined selling the lodge in its current state
was the AMS's best option. Business board representative Philip
Edgcumbe said redeveloping
the lodge would put the AMS at
increased financial risk, and may
make the lodge less appealing to
some investors.
"The argument is that a developer who is likely going to be
buying the property would see
that potential [to redevelop the
property]," said Edgcumbe. "The
hope is that we're capturing the
entirety ofthe market."
At the meeting, AMS President
Tanner Bokor said that according
to the society's bylaws, Council
would have to meet to accept
an offer on the property. Bokor
said real estate offers are often
only valid for a period of 48 to 72
hours, which would make selling
the Lodge logistically difficult.
"In terms of our ability as a
council to react... that quickly,
quite frankly it's not there. So
... we want to essentially do this
soon," said Bokor.
The motion gives Council until
April 30 to come up with a plan
for selling the Lodge. XI
Bill Gates gives $1.5
million to UBC research
3NI Gates has given $25.9 million in total to the pre-eclampsia research project.
Sarah Bigam
News Editor
Including a recent $1.5 million
grant, the Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation has now donated $25.9
million to a UBC project that aims
to improve care for women with
Pre-eclampsia is high blood
pressure during pregnancy, and
according to Peter von Dadelszen,
a UBC professor of obstetrics and
gynecology, this condition is the
most common cause of maternal
death in North America and the
second leading cause of maternal
death globally.
Von Dadelszen leads Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia Monitoring,
Prevention and Treatment (PREEMPT), a multinational initiative
that aims to reduce the impact of
pre-eclampsia and other hypertensive disorders that can arise
during pregnancy.
According to PRE-EMPT's
website, this condition results in
60,000 to 80,000 maternal deaths
every year, over 99 per cent of these
occurring in low- and middle-income countries.
"This is great recognition by
the Gates Foundation of this vital
global partnership, which I have
the immense honour to lead," von
Dadelszen said in a UBC press
release. "Its legacy, and that of our
global team, will be counted in the
thousands of women's and infants'
lives saved. The findings... may be
as pertinent in rural and remote
Canada as they will be throughout
less developed countries."
In collaboration with PREEMPT, UBC researchers recently
developed an app that detects the
symptoms of pre-eclampsia sooner
than other existing methods. The
team recently published findings
showing their app is accurate 85.5
per cent ofthe time at identifying
women who have a greater than
average risk of developing a fatal
complication of pre-eclampsia.
The app is used with the Phone
Oximeter, a device created by UBC
researchers Mark Ansermino and
Guy Dumont that uses a probe
attached to a patient's fingertip to
measure blood oxygen saturation.
"The fatal complications of
pre-eclampsia are usually preventable," said von Dadelszen. "Too
many deaths in Asia and Africa are
because women are arriving at hospital having already suffered strokes
or lost their baby. We can prevent
this with training, community education and technology."
Pilot trials ofthe app are currently running in Nigeria, Pakistan and
India. With the new donation, trials
will be extended to Mozambique as
well. According to the press release,
these four countries account for
over half of maternal and newborn
deaths from pre-eclampsia. 31
The famous steam tunnels will still remain after the changes have taken place.
UBC switching to hot water heating
Early Public Input Opportunity
Proposed Redevelopment on the
The B.C. Synod ofthe Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada is proposing a new
development on the existing Lutheran Campus Centre site to serve the entire UEL Community.
Prior to making a formal application for an amendment to the OCP and the Land Use, Building
and Community Administration Bylaw, we invite you to an      OPEN HOUSE
for an early opportunity to view the proposal and offer comments.
Proposed Development:
A two story community assembly space on the east portion of the site with a generous public
open plaza to the southeast corner. To the west, a five storey mixed use component with
retail / cafe on the ground floor and market rental housing above. All parking will be
underground with access from Wesbrook Mall.
DATE: Thursday, April 3, 2014
TIME: 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.
LOCATION:   STE 300-5755 Dalhousie Road
(UEL community space in the Village)
Representatives of the Lutheran
community and the architects wil
be available to answer questions
and provide information.
Please direct questions to Rev.
Cliff Reinhardt at 604-874-2213
or visit our website at
Veronika Bondarenko
Senior News Writer
UBC is making the switch from a
steam-based to hot water-based
heating system.
The steam system, which has
been used since 1922, transports
the energy used for heating various
buildings across a tunnel of underground pipes. While the new system
will still run through the underground tunnels, it will also make use
of insulated pipes to bring hot water
to buildings on campus.
"It's still using the same concept
of having a district energy system,
but we're going to a lower temperature system that's more efficient
and more adaptable," said Jeffrey
Giffin, energy conservation manager at UBC Building Operations.
As part of a five-year project to
convert all the buildings on campus
to hot water heating, a 15-megawatt
temporary energy centre has been
put in place to connect the buildings
that have already been converted to
hot water heating through a series of
insulated pipes.
"We've converted 17 buildings to
date and we've got another 22 com-
ing up in the next couple of months.
We're moving along fairly well, but
we're really turning up the heat on
it in the next year," said Giffin.
Since many ofthe buildings
on campus are already heated by
hot water that is converted from
steam through heat exchangers,
the above-ground changes that still
need to be made are fairly minor.
Once most ofthe buildings
across UBC are converted to the
hot water heating system, the temporary centre will be replaced by a
natural gas-powered, 60-megawatt
hot water plant across from the Life
Sciences Centre, to be called the
Campus Energy Centre. Parts of
the other centre will be sold off.
Giffin said that since hot water
can be kept at a much lower temperature than steam (80 degrees
C versus 190), it is a more efficient
and environmentally friendly use
ofthe university's energy.
"We're trying to reduce the
energy loss and increase our efficiencies by converting from steam
to a lower temperature medium,"
said Giffin.
Sam Orr, acting manager of
UBC Project Services, said the new
system will utilize less natural
gas and drastically reduce UBC's
carbon footprint.
"Because you can run hot water
at a lower temperature, you are
burning less natural gas and creating less greenhouse gas emissions," said Orr.
Once the last ofthe buildings
are switched to hot water heating
in the fall of 2015, the steam system will be shut off entirely.
"We'll still have the steam system as a backup just in case, but as
soon as we have a full cold season
running the campus on hot water,
we'll be able to decommission the
steam system and then eventually
demolish a section ofthe steam
pathway," said Orr.
According to Giffin, the switch
will allow UBC to move forward in terms of both finances
and sustainability.
"We're replacing a steam system
that has served the campus very
well for the past hundred years,"
said Giffin. "But at this point,
it's fairly old and would require
a significant amount of capital
investment just to keep it going the
way it is." XI
Student researching cancer at cellular level
Armaan Malhotra
PhD candidate Eric Price and his
team have enhanced a relatively
new method of ovarian cancer therapy that is more targeted to cancer
cells and exhibits less toxicity than
current drug regimes.
By linking a radioactive atom to
a molecule specific to the cancerous cell, Price's team is able to
target cancer at the cellular level.
Fundamentally, cancer is
uncontrolled growth and division
of cells. The general method of
tumour treatment that interested
Price involved the attachment
of a radioactive element, such as
gallium (chemically similar to iron),
to a molecule that is specific to the
cancer site. Once inside the patient,
this molecule — either an antibody
or drug with the attached element
— seeks a cancerous cell, radio-
actively destroys it and proceeds to
the next.
While the above techniques had
been discovered prior to Price's
work, his team built on a significant
problem that faced the therapy.
"Our own bodies have many
natural ways of dealing with metals;
when a patient is given these specially designed molecules, their own
body steals the radioactive element
for itself before the molecule can
reach the cancer," Price said.
Price and his team developed a
compound, called a chelator, specific
to the ovarian cancer antibody that
masks the presence ofthe radioactive particle from the patient's
body, thus allowing it to interact
only with the cancer.
"We are effectively fighting cancer at the microscopic level, which
is unlike surgery or conventional
radiotherapy that can miss parts of
the tumor and allow the cancer to
return," said Price. By exclusively
targeting cancer cells, this therapy is
anticipated to be more bearable than
"traditional brute force chemotherapy, which is associated with
many worse side effects," according
to Price.
"This next step in personalized
medicine uses tiny, sub-physiological doses, thus ensuring that toxicity
for the patient is really nonexistent. Therapeutic uses of these
compounds rely exclusively on the
radioactivity to kill cancer cells, and
not the pharmacology ofthe agents,"
Price said.
Currently, Price is a graduate
student in UBC's chemistry department. His research was the result
of a collaborative effort that started
in 2012 between UBC's Medical Inorganic Chemistry Group,
UBC TRIUMF and the Memorial
Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in
New York. XI // Sports + Rec
UBC figure skating club breaks the ice
Jenny Tang
When she came to UBC for her
master's degree in electrical engineering, Angelica Ruszkowski was
amazed that there wasn't a figure
skating club.
Ruszkowski has been skating
since she was five and competed
in varsity figure skating during
her undergrad at the University of
Waterloo. "It's become a huge part
of my academic life," she said. "I've
never really been without skating
before, and then I come here and
it's like there are all these talented
people, but no skating club! It was
pretty upsetting, so that's something
I want to change."
The ice dancer has decided to
take matters into her own hands and
has set out to establish a UBC figure
skating club by September. The idea
started when she joined a group at
the local rink known as the "Figure
Shinny" and noticed that, while
there was interest in forming a club,
the Shinny practice time — usually
around 1 or 2 p.m. — was a little
inconvenient for most ofthe UBC
student body.
After joining forces with Heather
Murray, an undergraduate skater,
and a Shinny coach, Ruszkowski is
looking to get more interest in skating outside ofthe rink and inside the
student body.
"I have collected a couple of
names from last term [at the Shinny]" Ruszkowski said, "and I'm
collecting more names at the rink.
I left a sign up sheet so people can
signup right away. I have at least 10
names from last term alone."
To get constituted as a viable club
within the AMS, one has to do a
five-minute presentation to promote
their cause and prove there is in-
Angelica Ruszkowski, left, and Heather Murray hope to start a figure skating club at UBC by September.
terest in what they want to do, with
at least 10 potential members. The
figure skating club has gotten past
this stage with flying colours, but
there is more paperwork for them to
do before they can hit the ice.
"We've gotten a thumbs up, so
now there are documents needed
to make a constitution, there's a
budget, there are some administrative-type forms that are all available
online. The AMS has a 'start a
club' page that makes it all easy,"
Ruszkowski said.
The next step will require
deciding on the purpose ofthe
club. While figure skating is big in
Southern Ontario and is contested
within Ontario University Athletics,
it is not a recognized varsity sport
in the Canada West or CIS. Thus,
competitive meets are harder to arrange, meaning the club will largely
be recreational.
Having basic "learn to skate"
sessions are not out ofthe question,
but the club is unsure of exactly who
they are appealing to. Ruszkowski
said potential members at the rink
were on a more competitive level,
but after volunteeringto teach other
grad students how to skate, she's
noticed a growing interest in recreational skating as well.
"Because ofthe international
population at UBC, the learn to
skate' sessions would be really
good," she said.
Ruszkowski believes there is a
strong talent pool in the diverse
student body, and skating ability
at UBC ranges from having never
skated to Olympic level.
"[Skating] is such a fun sport, and
it's really good exercise. It's tough
on your legs and you need your core
strength for balance, and it's an
awareness thing — you have to be
aware of every part of your body. It's
very difficult when you're out on the
ice because there is a lot that has to
go on and you can't tell when you're
watching all the professionals,
because the point is to make it look
easy but it's really very challenging."
Ruszkowski admitted that
finances are one ofthe biggest
obstacles in setting up a club like
this, as renting ice time is neither
inexpensive nor easily available.
An hour of ice time at Thunderbird
Arena comes with a price tag of
around $250.
However, Ruszkowski has
thought of ways to get around this
problem without blowing the bank
on membership fees. "There are
grants that we can apply for [as
a club] that can go towards that
funding," she said. "[But] fundraising is always an option. Fundraising
and figure skating go hand in hand,
whether it's selling chocolate bars or
cinnamon buns. One time I sold frozen chicken for a varsity fundraiser."
If the club doesn't take the competitive route, Ruszkowski said they
could run a show or gala of sorts
where skaters could give performances that both raise awareness and
generate some funds. At the local
Shinny, Ruszkowski met Mira Leung, a former Olympian who placed
12th overall at the 2006 Winter
Olympics in Turin. "It's awesome
that there is talent here," Ruszkowski said. "That's why I want to put a
Thunderbird name on it."
While Canada is known for its ice
hockey, figure skating continues to
gain popularity, and Ruszkowski is
hoping to see more people at UBC
pick up a pair of skates, including
those in her program. "The figure
skating world and the electrical engineering world don't often collide,
but I'm hoping they will when we
get more people involved.
"It's a popular Canadian sport,
so I'm confident things will work
out." XI
If you're interested in joining the
UBC figure skating club, please
email Angelica Ruszkowski at
1. What's your favourite memory of the UBC
outdoor pool?
2. What's your passion outside of swimming?
I will have to say being
16 and flirting with the
Aussie boys who were
in Vancouverforthe Mel
Zajac International during
love fashion! I have a
ridiculous shoe obsession, and really anything
that has to do with clothing oraccessories.
One of those gorgeous
unseasonably warm spring
days when we were off
swimming fora week but
had to swim on our own and
actually got to swim outside
love to bake, hence
why I have made it my
career choice! But
also love to ski...
which is why I moved to
This one workout when
the dial on the heater
was broken and the
pool was really warm.
Animals. I love all animals,
butdogsare probably
numberone. When I need
to brighten my day, I hang
outatthedog beach and
play with all the puppies.
My favourite memory is
sneaking into the outdoor
poolforrandom late night
swims. They were always
a good time and I'm sad
there can't be more.
Eating! I am always
My first time racing at Mel
Zajac, the outdoor pool was
the warm-down pool and I was
super excited that I got to swim
outside. I think we did more
playing around than doing
what we were su pposed to.
love to do people's hair
and makeup and pick out
outfits forthem.
3. What sibling or birth order stereotype do you
lam the bossy oldersister
1 am a bossy oldersister,
Is there a stereotype
I'm the sweet one. I've
Well, I'm the youngest of
fit most?
forsure, and also the black
and 1 am really good at
fornumberfive middle
got a lot of love to share.
seven, so 1 guess whatever
sheep. 1 had to be bossy
not getting in troublefor
child? 1 suppose I'm the
comes with being the baby
and loud to be heard and
things I've done. Not that 1
perfectionist and OCD
ofthe family. 1 definitely get
paid attention to when five
everdid anything wrong.
away with more.
others came after me.
4. People say I'm most like __    _ because..
5.What'sthe best April Fool's joke you've
played on someone or you've been the victim
am most like my dad. Not
shy, loud, silly, stubborn
and great at the art of
bullshit. In general, lamthe
tortoise who never gives
I convinced my mom that I
had broken my arm before
a big swim meet and she
nearly had a heart attack.
Grainne. We are often
confused as twins and
mannerisms are searily
I had this little noise/
voice recording meant for
hiding. I hiditinmyfriend's
room for three days and
he actually thought he was
going crazy and hearing
The little mermaid
because I swim and have
flowing — apparently red,
although I would go with
auburn — hair.
Definitelythattimein my
first year when Vancou-
verthought it would be
funny to snow on April 1.
People say I'm most like
TaylorSwift. I don't think
its because I actually am,
think it's more because
they know it'll make me
super excited.
In my high school English
class, myteachergave us
a test on Shakespeare and
asked us to write down
specific verses word for
People have always said
I'm most like Annamay because I look like her and we
are very similarin certain
My dad had lit the fire and it
smoked up the entire room,
so when my mom came
homeweall lay on the
floorand pretended to be
unconscious. FEATURES    I    THURSDAY, APRIL 3, 2014
The role of women at UBC and in society is
continuously evolving. From attending school while
raising kids to bringing other types of activism into
feminism, women's lives are often a delicate...
Balancing Act
Around 55 per cent of all students and 34 per cent of all faculty at UBC are women.
From the growth ofthe UBC Needs to Feminism Facebook group to rallies against
rape culture to events celebrating the feminist cause, 2013-2014 has been a busy year
for discussing and dissecting gender and sexuality on campus.
In this year's women's supplement, we explore what it's like to raise children while
attending class, hear a personal reflection on the importance of intersectionality
within gendered discourses and more.
This by no means exhaustive ofthe breadth of debate and discourse or the variety
of aims and accomplishments occurring on campus, but merely one of many attempts at giving a platform to unique voices and broaching particularly difficult topics.
Almas, fourth year history
Amy, eighth year comp
Bailey, fourth year integrated sciences
Chloe, second year Sauder Eva, second year biology
-Margareta Dovgal, Guest Editor
Photos by Stephanie Xu
Inside the world of UBC's student-parents
Margareta Dovgal
Guest Editor
For many undergraduate students,
the question of how you would raise a
child while attending classes may not
have even occurred. But while it may
look as though it rarely happens, the
reality is that at a university as large as
UBC, these situations are inevitable.
Most parent-students are working on
master's degrees or PhDs, and though
no official statistics exist, those at UBC
Daycare Services and UBC Access
and Diversity are not unfamiliar with
younger student parents. In addition
to being responsible for the health and
happiness of a child, the major issues
student parents face are predominantly
childcare, finances and social isolation.
Beverly Christian, assistant director
at the UBC Daycare, explained the
intricacies ofthe UBC Daycare in detail,
noting that the integration with Student
Housing and Hospitality Services
means the daycare is mandated to support students, faculty, and staff. Waiting
lists vary based on age, with the under-
three category boastingthe longest
waiting list. Expectant mothers are
advised to sign up for the waitinglist
as early as the first trimester. Typically
the daycare is fully enrolled, though
there are a few independent care services on campus. More than 50 per cent
of families enrolled are also residents
from within the university area. The
news is that a student quota of
40 per cent exists, and as the daycare
cannot afford under-enrolment, the
student quota is consistently filled.
B.C. does not have a publicly funded
child care system, but Christian
believes that it is absolutely needed.
"UBC is doing a lot for its employees and students but it's time for the
government to step up to the plate," she
said. "It is not fair to just look at UBC,
and we must also look provincially and
nationally [for the childcare support
B.C. requires]." She also applauded the
efforts of student parents who manage
to study, work and parent, expressing
amazement at their management of
what is a truly difficult situation —
especially when pursuing something as
challenging as a doctorate, which she
told us is the case for many clients at
the daycare.
When it comes to affording the costs
of parenting, many student parents
turn to subsidies offered by the B.C.
government, which currently run at
$750 monthly for infants (birth to 18
months), $635 for toddlers (19 to 36
months), $550 for preschoolers (37
months and up), all based on financial
need. There is no childcare system in
B.C., something childcare advocacy
groups, such as the Coalition of Child
Care Advocates and the Early Childhood Educators of BC, are desperate
to change. Their proposed $10-per-
day Child Care plan has earned the
endorsement ofthe City of Vancouver,
the UBC Child Care Services Parent
Council and the BC NDP, to name a few.
The plan proposes a public childcare
system to reduce the exceptionally high
childcare fees in B.C. as compared to
other provinces such as Quebec and
Manitoba. Families would pay $10 per
child per day for care, and families
earning less than $40,000 annually
would be entitled to free childcare. Proponents say the system would increase
the number of parents in the workforce,
especially those taking significant
breaks from working after the birth of a
child. The plan isbased on the evolution
of existinglicensed childcare providers
into "early years centre networks."
A phenomenon often called the
"generation squeeze" is felt at UBC
just as it is throughout Canada. Many
young parents in Canada struggle
to afford high costs of living and the
costs of pursuinghigher education,
often saddled with debt and subsisting
on low wages, all while trying to
provide a happy and healthy life for
any children they have. According to
the 2013 Child Poverty Report Card,
compiled by First Call: BC Child and
Youth Advocacy Coalition, B.C. has the
worst rate of child poverty in Canada,
with 19 per cent of children growing
up in the province affected by poverty.
The report also strongly supports the
$10-per-day per child plan, recom-
mendingit as away of reducing the
impact of poverty on the development
of individual children and raising the
employment potential of parents.
Another shocking statistic is that 50
per cent of B.C. single-parent households in 2011 were under the poverty
line. The 2013 report says such high
poverty rates likely stem from "the
difficulty many face finding affordable
childcare so [single parents] can sustain
employment," further reinforcing the
case for a publicly managed childcare
system in B.C. — or at least an intervention on behalf of policy makers to make
the struggles of generation squeeze less
severe, particularly when they are in
the process of raising a generation of
future Canadians.
When it comes to the accommodations
granted to students struggling to parent and learn at the same time, certain
case-by-case accommodations are
often made when familial obligations
interfere with classes or examinations.
Janet Mee, director of UBC Access
and Diversity, says accommodations
for pregnant students include allowing
parking close to a building that
usually doesn't allow it, among other
provisions. Academic advising holds
another role in being able to grant
greater flexibility to those whose path
to a degree is complicated by parenthood, though it is relatively rare at the
undergraduate level, with the general
undergraduate demographic being
aged 18 to 24.
Parenting at the graduate level is a
lot more common, as graduate studies
often include a greater age range.
Mee said that because the number of
students is small, "it canbe quite an
isolating experience." Campus activities
targeted at creating a fulfillingunder-
graduatelife include joining clubs,
going on exchange or participating in
a co-op program. Unfortunately, many
of these prove inaccessible to those
with significant parental obligations,
making the pursuit of an undergraduate degree as a parent a "very different
Combined with the likelihood
of having to work to support young
children and being spread very thin
financially, student parenting can be
a very isolating experience socially,
though there seems to be at least
some support for single parents. The
Single Parents on Campus group has
published the expansive "Guide to
Resources & Supports for Parents,"
available online at student.ubc.
ca. Furthermore, UBC Access and
Diversity runs an active blog at blogs.
While UBC does its best providing the necessary support for those
balancing the trials of education and
parenting, many different sources
agree that a push towards public
provincial childcare is required. The
presence of communities for parents
on campus, especially those who are
raising children single-handedly,
is a step in the right direction for
alleviating the emotional weight of
parenting. But the big issue is affordable childcare, and that still remains
to be solved. Xi
UBC econ prof talks single motherhood at school
Marina Adshade earned her degrees while her daughter coloured beside her in lectures — now she teaches
about the economics of love and relationships at UBC
Margareta Dovgal
Guest Editor
In addition to being a sessional lecturer of economics at UBC, Marina
Adshade is also a single mother of two.
How has she juggled a career in academia with raising a son and daughter?
Her first child, a daughter, was
two years old when Marina began her
undergraduate degree at York University, and her son was born in the first
term of her PhD at Queen's University.
She completed her doctorate in four
years, finishing significantly earlier
than average, despite being the only
caregiver to both of her children. The
faculty at Queen's was very supportive;
Marina even shared a nanny with one
ofthe professors in her department for
a period. Daycare services were available on campus, proving to be flexible
on timing and fees, which permitted
her to fit childcare around her busy
PhD workload, rather than the other
way around.
Adshade described her schedule
during the most hectic time as having
consisted of "putting [her] kids to bed
at 8 p.m., working until 2 a.m. and
getting up at 7 a.m." to repeat the cycle
all over. How did she make room for
a social life? Outside schooling and
socializing with fellow parents over
playdates, "there wasn't one," she said,
Adshade also conceded that there's
really no such thing as "the perfect
timing to have children," considering
that regardless of circumstances,
parents are going to "make it work, one
way or another."
Adshade never envisioned graduate
school when beginning her education,
but chose to pursue it when she learned she was expecting her son, because
it was a path to creating better professional opportunities to ultimately help
in raising her children.
Something Adshade hasn't really
seen in her one year at UBC is children
brought by their parents along to
lectures. She recalls how during her
undergraduate degree, her daughter
would sit and colour in large lectures
as Adshade would learn, and it appears
to be less common at UBC. In regards
to her own department, she says the
Department of Economics has been
"very supportive," and there seem to
be many members ofthe faculty and
staff with children, such that events
for the department often accommodate family needs and are geared to be
family friendly.
She teaches a course, ECON 351:
"Women in the Economy," which has
previously examined trends in fertility.
Though the notion of women with
more education choosing to have fewer
children is somewhat accurate, it has
begun to change. Gradually, more
educated women, such as those with
professional and academic graduate
degrees, are experiencing an increase
in their fertility rates. Adshade says
this trend is related to the rising
expenses of havingkids, as those
earning good incomes can afford more
Another noteworthy trend is that
"well-educated men are increasingly
married to women who are as well, or
better, educated as themselves." There
are roughly 125 women to 100 men
with university degrees in the 25 to 44
age group in Canada, so it is becoming
that "an ambitious woman, who works
hard, finds somebody who is invested
in her own career too." What new
couples appear to be doing is "working towards findingbetter balances."
Relationships are now moving towards
"ambitious, career-invested women
actively seeking out a partner inter
ested in an even share of responsibilities at home," rather than delegating
the balance ofthe housework to the
And although there are more
people than ever choosing to spend a
significant portion of their lives single,
"people are now spending a lot more of
their lives searching longer, searching
better, and searching in abigger market," according to Adshade. The end
result is more stable marriages than in
the past. Beingbetter educated, rather
than preventing parenthood as often
believed, can also be an incentive for
having more children.
Adshade recently authored a book,
"The Love Market: What You Need
to Know About How We Mate, Date
and Marry", examining relationship
formation from an economic standpoint. Over and above her published
work — which includes a myriad of
articles for publications like The Globe
and Mail — and teaching, she is also
involved with the upcoming Canadian
Economics Association Conference,
leading a panel on maternity and its
effects on academic life, tH THURSDAY, APRIL 3, 2014    |    FEATURES
Franki, fourth year English,      Samantha, third year LFS        Georgia,thirdyear Arts Hannah,thirdyearlR
rene, second year
Julia, third year art history
What it means to
work for feminism
at UBC
Cheneil Hale
I got the idea for the I Am a Feminist campaign back in December,
following various conversations
about my new identity as a feminist
with my friends. The reactions I got
ranged from "That's nice, but I could
never be a feminist because I'm a
man" to "Why do you hate men?" to
"I don't really think that feminism
is relevant anymore" to "Is it true
that feminists want a society where
women dominate men?"
This lack of information, and
prevalence of misinformation,
shocked me. Why do people, at
best, think feminism is no longer
relevant, and at worst, have these
visceral negative reactions? For me,
the answer is that most people have
already made up their minds on feminism; the average person uncritically accepts the status quo and feels
threatened by any alternative mode
of thinking that challenges the way
things are. Thus, I wanted my campaign to be a very low commitment,
non-threatening, visual campaign.
My hopes were that, on March
10, when people saw their peers,
friends, teachers, family members
and strangers on the street wearing
these "I Am a Feminist" buttons, it
would plant the seed of curiosity in
their minds, and they would perhaps
ask their friend why they identify
as a feminist, or just go home and
search for some feminist articles on
the Internet.
My goal was to help spark learning and dialogue on feminist issues,
and to help people take that first
step into the wonderful world of activism. In order to gauge the success
ofthe campaign, we took surveys
in various classes on the students'
perception of feminism. The data
we received told us that most
people think feminism is no longer
relevant. This is surprising given the
fact that women make 80 cents per
dollar that men make for the same
job; that one in four women will be
sexually assaulted in their lifetime;
that women only own one per cent
ofthe world's property; that only
about 15 per cent of senior management positions are held by women
despite the fact that 58 per cent of
university graduates are women and
50 per cent of middle management
positions are held by women.
Thankfully, there is a sizable
population of young activists on
campus. The UBC Needs Feminism
Facebook group has over 700 members, the I Am a Feminist campaign
garnered over 400 participants,
the UBC Needs Decolonization
Facebook group (which focuses on
First Nations issues) has close to
400 members, and there are various other activist groups gaining
popularity. My hope is that with
the success ofthe I Am a Feminist
Campaign, and the extraordinary
popularity of the various activist groups on UBC campus, other
students and faculty will be inspired
to start social justice campaigns of
their own. Xt
Cheneil Hale is organizer of I Am A
The importance of celebrating
women at UBC
Cicely Blain
I started a project called Celebrating
Women at UBC to honour notable
women-identified persons on the
UBC campus this past International
Women's Day with fellow equity
ambassadors. The project has been a
huge success, with nominations coming from all corners ofthe community
and honouring the fantastic array of
students, staff members and faculty
who contribute to the betterment
of our university. Due to the hugely
positive response to the initiative, we
will continue to accept nominations
and honour women-identified persons
on our campus and expand the project
beyond a digital campaign.
Some question the need
to celebrate women
on a campus where
there is in fact a higher
percentage of female
students than male.
My response is: that's
exactly the problem.
Some people, however, have
questioned the need to celebrate
women on a campus where there is
in fact a higher percentage of female
students than male.
My response is: that's exactly
the problem.
Many of us have become complacent about issues such as racism,
homophobia and sexism because they
have become so commonplace in our
society. We have lost the ability to
recognize instances of discrimination.
We have forgotten that not so long
ago, people of colour were enslaved
and segregated. We have become
content remembering the civil rights
movements as a moment in history,
not the entire foundation for the current freedoms we enjoy.
This notion, of course, carries
over into women's movements. Our
great-grandmothers' generation
knew a time when women could not
vote or divorce. Within our mothers'
generation, women fought for equal
pay and job opportunities. Within our
generation, women are over-sexual-
ized, harassed, objectified and denied
equal rights purely on the basis of
their gender. We cannot forget the
battles that were fought before us,
and we cannot put down the torch
passed to us by our foremothers and
forefathers — because there were, of
course, many men who helped pave
the path to women's equality.
The aim ofthe Celebrating
Women at UBC initiative is to
highlight the amazing women on
this campus. Although in Canada
both cis-gendered* men and women
are able to enjoy great freedoms and
luxuries, the importance of creating
positive women-identifying role
models is hugely important. One of
the main issues ofthe patriarchal
society we inhabit is the propensity
of institutions, parents, teachers and
leaders to consciously or subconsciously tell young girls they cannot
achieve the same things as boys and
that their appearance matters more
than their creativity, hard work
and intelligence.
Some ofthe women interviewed
for this campaign are mothers and
have commented on how helping
their children make the right choices
is a crucial part of their job at home
and as educators at UBC. Sun-
aina Assanand, a UBC psychology
instructor and one ofthe women
featured on our blog, says that having
a 12-year-old daughter has made her
realize the effect that gender has on
children, and believes that every girl
should have the opportunity to fulfil
her potential.
This initiative is important
because although everyone has a
voice, not everyone's is heard. With
our blog, we have immortalized the
words of these women so that everyone at UBC is able to refer to their
profiles and engage in an amazing
variety of critical thought processes on topics ranging from queer
of-colour critique and decolonization to childhood development and
mechanical engineering. We have
committed to encouraging and maintaining diversity in the nominations,
and as such have profiled women
of all kinds. Trans* women, queer
women, immigrant women, women
of colour and many other types of
women-identified bodies have been
and will continue to be featured in
this project.
We hope this initiative inspires
people to celebrate the women around
them and recognize the efforts of
women on this campus to help our
university to excel. Xt
*Cis-gendered: the opposite of
transgendered; someone who
identifies their gender as the
same as their socially recognized
biological sex.
Cicely Blain is UBC's Equity Ambassador student coordinator. Equity Ambassadors is a peer program aimed at
tackling social injustices and discrimination and promoting accessibility and
inclusivity on the UBC campus.
Crossroads: my path to intersectionality
Fatima Ahmed
My mother, a conservative Muslim
Pakistani-Canadian immigrant
settler, has never really opposed
anything I wanted to do with my
life. She gave me incredible freedom,
considering her own upbringing and
beliefs. There is one issue, however,
on which she doesn't seem to agree
with me: she repeatedly asks when
I'm getting married.
I have mastered the skill of ambiguous answers. In response, I would
ask things such as, "What about my
degree? I haven't even graduated yet."
Of course, she has often matter-of-
factly told me that I can always go back
to school afterward. One day, tired of
the whole routine, I asked, "Would you
still ask me that if I was your son?"
Her hesitant in response told me all
I needed to know.
I first learned of intersectionality
when my philosophy professor intro
duced me to Kimberle Crenshaw, who
argued that systems of oppression
interact with each other rather than
operate in a vacuum. She put forth the
radical notion that feminist movements and anti-racist movements have
paradoxically marginalized women
of color, whose unique experiences
include living in patriarchal societies
as well as white dominant ones.
The irony was not lost on me that
a white male had brought me to the
brink of self-recognition. That same
week, my history TA was leading
a discussion on women's role in
the human rights movement. The
discussion led to racial minorities'
rights as compared to women's rights
movements. I quickly put my hand up
and burst out talking. I detailed the
fact that systems of oppression are not
mutually exclusive. I explained that I,
being one ofthe few minority women
in the room, felt constantly ignored
and put off because I didn't belong to
the larger picture. It all came pouring
out in an embarrassing word vomit —
again, to a white male.
Being a Faculty of Arts student,
there is ample opportunity to discuss
social issues and to analyze women's
roles in countless societies. I have a
substantive stake in the society I live
in now and how, as a woman, I can
improve it. Something that always
hinders me is the fact that these discussions seem immensely constricted.
Almost always, I hear peers and
professors say "in the liberal Western
world." This phrase always stings
slightly. Being an immigrant settler
myself and growing up in a Western
society, I cannot help but define that
phrase in contrast to the East and
to Pakistan.
According to the 2013 Global
Gender Gap Report by the World
Economic Forum, the worst countries
for gender inequality are in Africa,
Asia and the Middle East. Pakistan
ranks as the second worst country for
female equality. A Pakistani woman is
raped every two hours in the country
and one is gang-raped every eight
hours. Pakistani women fill only
five percent of leadership positions
because of ingrained cultural norms
imposed by their families, husbands
and in-laws. Domestic abuse is not
even recognized by law enforcement
authorities as a criminal act, and
many instances is not even reported
because of weak societal and legal
support for female victims. It's easy
to ignore these issues, but we have to
be aware that they travel to our communities just as people do.
Being a Pakistani-Canadian
immigrant, I carry the baggage of my
country with me.
Intersectionality, specifically the
crossover between gender and race,
represents the voice ofthe truly and
radically oppressed women, and
counters oppression that travels
across oceans to manifest itself in our
society. It reminds me that women
arebeingbrutally raped, killed and
tortured every day in their own
households by their own family under
the mask of cultural, religious and
moral righteousness. It reminds me
how my mother is a product of her
own sexist society and how she is only
doing what she believes is best for me,
based on narrowly defined views she
was given about the role of women. I
began to understand how she is a part
of a system of female oppression that
has travelled to the West.
When I find myself on the
precipice of two worlds, which have
equal claims on my identity and are
equally responsible for why I feel
marginalized on a daily basis, intersectionality allows for reconciliation
between the two halves of myself
that have made me feel so torn. I
have found a much better platform
on which to stand so I can now start
building the relationships I need,
with family and with society, to
begin understanding and rectifying
the injustices ofthe past. XI II Culture
Shad shows how it's done
Shad is known for his quick-witted wordplay and clever social critique.
Canadian hip-hop superstar to
wax eloquent at Block Party
Reyhana Heatherington
Senior Lifestyle Writer
What would you do if you
walked into your class and Juno
Award-winning artist Shad was
This was a recent reality for
students at UBC. Two months ago,
one of Canada's most talented songwriters was a guest lecturer for an
intermediate lyric writing class in
the creative writing department.
"I always enjoy getting to talk
about music, getting to talk about
my experiences in music and how
music relates to culture, or even just
my process as a songwriter," Shad
said. "There's actually not that many
opportunities to talk about that stuff
in ordinary conversations. So to get
into a space where I'm allowed to do
that and have that dialogue is super
The hip-hop artist, born Shad-
rach Kabango, is based in Vancouver, and this year he will be one of
the performers at UBC's annual
Block Party.
After a decade in the music
business, his achievements are
numerous. His third album
TSOL won the 2011 Juno for Rap
Recording ofthe Year, beating out
Drake's Thank Me Later, and his
fourth album Flying Colours was
nominated in the same category at
the 2014 awards. CBC also named
him second on a list of Canada's
all-time greatest hip-hop artists,
behind the godfather of Canadian
hip-hop, Maestro Fresh Wes.
Flying Colours has been described
as Shad's most confident and ambitious album (see the line "I just
might be Jay-Z in my lifetime" from
"Intro: Lost"), but there is a clear
modesty about him.
Beyond his artistic accomplishments, Shad has a business degree
from Wilfrid Laurier University
and earned a master's degree in
liberal studies from Simon Fraser
University while simultaneously
making music.
"It felt like a real privilege to get
to do two things I enjoyed," he said.
"Music was my priority, so I was
doing school about a term a year."
Shad describes his music as
having "roots in classic '90s hip-
hop," and his songwriting is both
self-referential and wide-reaching.
In "Fam Jam," Shad, who was born
to Rwandan parents in Kenya,
explores the immigrant experience,
while "Progress" challenges the notion ofthe American Dream. Songs
like "Stylin"' showcase a wealth of
wordplay and oratorical expertise —
it doesn't hurt that East Vancouver
gets a shoutout in this track.
Tariq Hussain is the instructor
who invited Shad to guest lecture,
and is himself a member ofthe band
Brasstronaut. He has known Shad
for several years, and said UBC students are fortunate to have an MC
of such high calibre taking the stage
on campus.
"It's appropriate to have him
performing at a university," he said.
"This guy likes words and he knows
how to use them."
Hussain hopes audiences will
take the time to dig further into
Shad's songs since the rapper spits
rhymes at such a fast speed.
"Lyrically, if an artist like that
performs and has interesting things
to say, hopefully it inspires a few
students to go and explore it,"
he said.
While his days often consist of
writing and recording songs, Shad
appreciates the power of his father's
saying: "Life is new every day." He
also carves out time for the one form
of exercise he enjoys.
"Some days I'll be in the studio,
some days I'll be writing and some
days I'll be doing neither — I'll just
blow it all off and play some basketball," Shad said.
While he has played venues
across North America and canbe
found supporting the local music
scene in Vancouver, Shad said
outdoor shows like the upcoming one at Maclnnes Field have a
different vibe.
"It's not just about people coming
to see me do my songs, it's more
about the atmosphere. Even as a
performer I get to enjoy that as
well," he said. "That's probably the
thing I'm most looking forward to,
is just enjoying that energy and that
atmosphere and just facilitating that
experience for people."
"There's a lot to be learned from
people like him," Hussain said.
Prepare yourself for a lyrical education from a thoughtful artist. V
want to do it at
the beach.
Do it your way.
The semester is almost over. Are you thinking of picking up a prerequisite
or redoing a course? Get ahead without sacrificing your summer.
We offer over 590 online and distance courses. Enrol anytime, study anywhere,
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1.866.949.6736    truopen.ca
Thompson Rivers
Earning THURSDAY, APRIL 3, 2014    |    CULTURE
A picture-perfect past
Pictured: works from the permanent collection, currently on exhibit. The Gallery will celebrate its anniversary with a gala on Saturday.
AMS Art Gallery celebrates 65th anniversary
Austen Erhardt
For many UBC students, a mention
ofthe Gallery" evokes thoughts of
reasonably priced beer and karaoke.
However, the AMS Art Gallery,
nestled in the southwest corner of
the SUB only a few steps away from
its better-known cousin, is often
overlooked by passersby. Inside, the
stark white walls are peppered with
the contrasting colours and designs
of an ever-rotating series of paintings, portraits and posters.
The AMS Art Gallery's popularity has waxed and waned over the
years, but it boasts a long and rich
history that few at UBC are aware
of. This week, it's celebrating its
65th anniversary.
Joshua Bokor, the current Art
Gallery commissioner, has been
involved with the institution since
September 2012. Since joiningthe
Art Gallery team, he's made an
effort to increase awareness ofthe
gallery and its collection, and is very
cognizant ofthe issues that it has
faced in attracting visitors.
"I've been at UBC for six years
now, and for the first four years I
hardly ever saw the gallery open,"
Bokor said.
In addition to the student exhibits that regularly adorn its walls,
the AMS Art Gallery maintains
an extensive — and expensive —
permanent collection. The gallery
features works by such renowned
artists as A.Y. Jackson and Jack
Shadbolt. The notion of a permanent
collection was conceived by a UBC
English professor.
"The idea behind the permanent
collection started in 1940 with a
professor named Hunter Lewis, an
English professor who approached
the AMS with the idea of creating a
student-run permanent collection
to foster a better artistic community
on campus," Bokor said.
The first pieces were purchased
in 1948, and the collection grew
rapidly throughout the 1950s and
'60s under the direction of local
artist and UBC art department
co-founder B.C. Binning. Today, the
collection includes 72 pieces, many
of which are the works of local artists and UBC alumni.
Vanessa Grondin, promotions
coordinator for the Art Gallery, believes the institution is an important
venue for students interested in art
to become involved in the broader
artistic community, and to meet
others with similar interests. Grondin herself curated her first exhibit
at the Art Gallery.
"It was a really valuable experience," said Grondin. "I feel like I
wouldn't have had that opportunity
anywhere else."
Grondin also stressed the art
gallery's importance in a historical
context. The gallery hosts several
works from the Vancouver school,
a group including some of Vancouver's most well-known artists, and
it is the only student-run gallery in
North America that has a permanent collection.
"[The Vancouver school] played a
major role in establishing Vancouver's art identity. In the '60s and
70s, when the conceptual art movement started emerging, Vancouver
was one ofthe main cities to have
artists in that field. It had a lot to do
with... Vancouver becoming known
within the bigger art market, like
New York and Paris," Grondin said.
The Art Gallery and its permanent collection moved from Brock
Hall to the SUB in 1970, and has
been in its current location since
1983. The original location in
the SUB now houses the aforementioned Gallery Lounge. This is
the Art Gallery's last year in the SUB
before it moves into a new space in
the AMS Student Nest.
To celebrate the anniversary of
the permanent collection and as a
farewell to the current space, the
Art Gallery is hosting a "Gala-ry
Night" on April 5. Grondin believes
it will be a great opportunity to
meet others involved in the artistic
"It's a chance to talk with the
curator [ofthe permanent collection], and to network with some of
the art directors and some ofthe
established artists who are coming,"
she said.
Bokor hopes that several artists
whose work is displayed in the
gallery will attend the gala, and
highlighted the multidimensional
aspect ofthe celebration.
"It's been in the works for
a while ... a big sendoff for the
gallery before the move into the
new SUB. It's been 30 years in this
space and the anniversary went by
without so much as a hooray, and
it's also the 65th year ofthe collection. It's a lot of things rolled into
one and we thought it'd be a good
time to have something nice." V
"Gala-ry by Night" will take place
the AMS Art Gallery on April S
from 7 to 11 p.m. Tickets are available at sacart@ams.ubc.ca or at the
Vegan in
Vegetarian cuisine
courses offer fun
alternatives in the
student kitchen
When you think of vegan food, do
you think of gourmet salads, or
boring dishes?
Chantale Roy, a gourmet cuisine
chef instructor in UBC's continuing
studies program who teaches courses such as "Raw Vegan Food" and
"Gourmet Vegetarian Cuisine," is on
a mission to change preconceptions
about vegan food. Eager to create
dishes as tasty as they are healthy,
Roy inspires students to prepare
meals that are more gourmet than
mushy, brown or bland.
Offering 10 different programs
each semester, Roy's classes are
often busy with ravenous meat
eaters, devout vegans and pregnant
moms, all of whom are curious
about the benefits of vegetarianism
and veganism.
"What I like about my courses
is the openness of people," Roy
said. "When they signup for one
of those classes that is not conventional cooking, they are already
Students are as passionate about
the course as the instructor herself.
Judy Chorney, a student currently
taking Roy's gourmet vegetarian
cuisine course, was eager to expand
her repertoire by learning about
vegan food.
"Most importantly, I found
through taking Chantale's course
that you learn a lot about the nutritional values about foods and how
important it is to have raw food, for
instance, in your diet," said Chorney.
Educating students about wholesome foods is important to Roy, who
studied at the Living Light Culinary
Arts Institute with a focus on raw
vegan foods.
"We go raw or vegan mainly
because we want to be healthy, for
ethical reasons or spiritual reasons,
but I really focus on nutrition. It's
not a nutrition course, but there's a
big part of it. As soon as people ask
me questions on that, I just give as
much as I can," said Roy.
In fact, it's her openness to
sharing knowledge and recipes that
has inspired Roy to teach culinary
arts courses at UBC and also write
a number of books. After experiencing a disappointing hardship in one
Vegan extraordinatire Chantale Roy
doesn't believe vegan means boring.
ofthe businesses she partnered up
with, which stole 27 products and
70 recipes she had created, Roy has
adopted an alternative approach.
"What I've learned from that
is that I don't want to protect my
recipes anymore. I want to create
more and share it and reach as many
people as possible," said Roy.
Roy invents dishes that canbe
simply recreated at home for breakfast, lunch or dinner with an added
touch of sophistication.
"I grew up on a farm, sol
was very close to nature and the
produce. After that, I had my own
farm for 15 years and I was doing
community support in agriculture
and permaculture and I was very in
love with my veggies. When my sons
wanted to eat something, I wanted
to create it in a healthy way, so they
inspired me a lot, too," said Roy.
And it seems Roy may have just
unearthed the secret on how to jazz
up vegetables so they can make the
leap from bland to exquisite. Clara
Soyris, also taking Roy's gourmet
vegetarian cuisine course, is not a
vegetarian. Nonetheless, she was
surprised by how delightful vegetables could taste.
"Vegetables aren't my favourite
food, but Chantale accommodates
them in a way that you love it. We
see that she's talented, but we can do
the same at home, so we feel great,"
said Soyris.
Affordability and effortlessness
are factors Roy has in mind when
teaching students her recipes.
Providing a list of ingredients and
suppliers allows students to comfortably reenact meals at home for
family and friends.
"What I was most impressed
about was her passion about cooking healthy," said Jonathan Lau,
another student. "It really shows
through her cooking, her mannerisms, through the way she conducts
information. It doesn't really matter
what kind of course she's running
— I sign up and it's because she's
teaching it." V
For more information about Chantale
Roy and UBC Continuing Studies,
visit the program's website, cstudies.
Stephen Harper takes the stage in Proud
Andrew Wheeler plays "the Prime Minister" in Proud, a satire of Canadian politics.
Gabby Lynn
He might not know it, but Stephen
Harper is about to make his theatrical debut in Vancouver.
Proud, Michael Healey's scathing
political satire, is playing at East
Vancouver's Firehall Arts Centre
this month. Set immediately in
an alternate history after the 2011
Canadian elections, a cunning, animated female MP gives the newly
re-elected prime minister a run for
his money. The show — whose main
character bears a remarkable resemblance to Stephen Harper — sparked
controversy when it first played in
Toronto in 2012.
The miniature cast of four
characters features UBC Theatre
alumnus Scott Button, who plays the
son of an MP in the prime minister's
parliament. "[He] delivers a very
different take on opinions from
Harper, which is what makes it so
interesting," said Button.
Though politically provocative,
the play isn't short on humour.
"There's this opening scene
where the female lead, Jisbella,
rushes into the office because she's
about to have sex with somebody,
and she needs to borrow a condom.
It's such a funny and ridiculous way
to introduce her," said Button. "The
humour of it is a really good way to
discuss the issues that Proud deals
Playingthe unfiltered and uncontrollable MP Jisbella is Emmelia
Gordon. A veteran at dealing with
controversial topics, the leading
lady boasts involvement in such
productions as the one-woman
show Dissolve and the Fringe hit
Progressive Polygamists. Having
fallen in love with the tension and
humour of Proud, her hope is that
the play will start a conversation
about what's happening in Canadian
politics today.
"There's a lot of stuff going on
right now that's really scary... with
our environment, with culture, with
funding, and a lot of it is slipping
right under our noses," Gordon said.
Nonetheless, Proud itself was
never in danger of slipping under
the radar. Dropped by its original
production company in Toronto
for fear of a libel suit, the play is an
unflinching critique on the realities
of Canadian politics. "It's very
caustic," Button said, "but it is done
with kindness. It really humanizes
the characters, especially Stephen
Then why the controversy?
"I think it really affected
people, and that scared them,"
Gordon suggested. "But that's
what I love about it — if it doesn't
scare you, it probably isn't worth
doing. It's supposed to hit you in
the gut." V
Proud will play at the Firehall Arts
Centre at 280 E Cordova St. from
April S through 26, featuring pay-
what-you-can Wednesday matinees. II Opinions
^£LL MISS 700
Outgoing UBC president Stephen Toope was not thrilled with the Suicide Girls burlesque performance at his going-away party.
In the name of celebrating alternative models of sexuality, the Suicide
Girls came to Vancouver last night
to perform on the first stop of their
cross-Canada "Blackheart Burlesque" tour.
We at The Ubyssey are all
for celebrating these models
too. The problem is, there's
nothing "alternative" about
SuicideGirls whatsoever.
SuicideGirls co-founder Missy
Suicide and her cohorts lambast
the mainstream media for its
inaccurate representation ofthe
female body and its idealization of
distorted body standards. According to them, the SuicideGirls online
community allows women to be
comfortable with their bodies and
express their own kinds of sexual
ity in a way that they themselves
would like to be represented.
Upon a casual perusal ofthe
SuicideGirls website, however, one
wouldn't have thought there was
anything especially transgressive
about the community. We see the
exact same body standards being
represented: the Suicide Girls
are mostly twenty-something
white women with above-average
bra sizes, slim waists and makeup-clean faces.
Sure, they're covered in tattoos
and piercings. But these are
cosmetic differences, and they
are no less signifiers for a certain
ideal standard than artificial tans,
waxed pubic hair and botox. It's an
image. It's a brand. The website's
FAQ page even recommends that
potential models watch episodes of
America's Next Top Model to learn
how to smile properly.
Perhaps the most injurious thing
about SuicideGirls is its pretense
towards quasi-feminist advocacy
through the "empowerment" of
women. Though we don't doubt
that some women do find this celebration of sexuality empowering,
we suspect the majority ofthe
website's visitors — we're going out
on a limb here, but they probably
possess a Y chromosome — are
more interested in a model's physical assets than her passion for video
games or sculpture.
In the end, the glamorous photos
and poses are no different in format
and composition than those of
any other softcore pornography
website. It saddens us to think that,
though these women may derive
joy from their lifestyle, the average
user will nevertheless see them as
nothing more than a two-dimensional source of stimulation. XI
Time to turn clock back on tuition hikes
Another year, another two per
cent increase in tuition. We can set
our watch to it: as the spring thaw
approaches, UBC graduate students
receive a lengthy email — now with
video evidence — firmly explaining why tuition "has to go up."
Incredibly, every year tuition "has
to" go up by exactly the maximum
allowable by law.
The provincial government, led
by Christy Clark's Liberals, is
musing about removing or loosening the current two per cent
cap on tuition increases. When
the Liberals took power in 2001,
UBC graduate tuition for domestic
students was $2,165, among the
lowest in the country. Then-premier Gordon Campbell removed
the existing freeze on university
tuition and within two years, fees
had increased by 48 per cent. This
year, tuition stands at $4,436 for
domestic and $7,793 for international students — that's more
than double.
A tuition waiver represented a key
demand of CUPE 2278 members while bargaining for a new
contract in 2003. When teaching
assistants went on strike over this
issue, UBC offered a tuition waiver
to all PhD students. But because
it was not included in a written
contract, the university quietly
"phased out" the tuition waiver
in 2007 — well before the market
crash and economic downturn
When the university instituted
the waiver, tuition was $3,200 for
domestic and $7,200 for international students in full-time
graduate research. Meanwhile, a
teaching assistant's wages have not
kept pace with inflation, which,
also like clockwork, increases by
1.5 to two per cent each year - not
to mention increases in rent (15
per cent in last four years), child
care (20 per cent in last two years
at UBC) and health premiums
(doubled since 2000).
New graduates are facing an
increasingly bleak job market
offering underpaid, part-time jobs
to overqualified graduates. We live
in the second-most expensive city
in the world and at $35,000, our
average student debt is the highest
in the country. And yet every
year, UBC tells us tuition "has to"
keep increasing.
With our backs against the wall,
it's OK to ask, soberly and comprehensively: "Why?" Students are
starting to cotton on. In February, 90.9 per cent of responders
in a referendum question asked
during the AMS election voted in
favour of urging student government to advocate on behalf of
lower tuition.
We don't have to accept this increase. A firm collective statement
in 2003 encouraged the university
to award a tuition waiver to some
graduate students. We've all seen
what a united group of students
can do to a government unwilling
to invest in post-secondary education in Quebec. It can happen here
too. Just say no to tuition hikes. XI
Michael Stewart is the communications chair for CUPE 2278, a
local union representing teaching
Why divestment
is a bad idea
Dan Rae argues that advocates of divestment at U BC aren't schooled in the facts.
more concerned with industries
that aren't reporting and monitoring
their environmental impact.
The oil industry isn't just
monitoring, though; they are also
constantly improving. Emissions
per barrel in the oil sands have
been reduced by over 25 per cent
since 1990, and these companies are
pouring a lot of money going into
environmental research. Isn't this
the kind of research and progress
UBC wants?
So what is an oil company? Oil
companies are already a thing of
past. These companies are being
reestablished as energy companies. Does UBC want to divest from
energy? No. These so called oil
companies own and operate large
alternative energy resources. They
have the money, expertise and a
vested interest to explore and invest
in research and development in all
forms of energy. Shell, a UBC donor,
has wind farms that produce over
500 megawatts of electricity. En-
cana, a company UBC holds shares
in, uses over 10,000 solar panels
across North American, and invests
in hydrogen fuel cell technology.
Chevron has geothermal and solar
power production, and it isn't new —
they've been doing it since the '60s.
Are these the kinds of companies we
want UBC to divest from? To divest
from so-called oil companies would
be a divestment from the development of alternative energy sources.
I don't think the general population even understands oil. It's not
just "dirty" gasoline. Fuel is only
one ofthe uses of oil. Even if we
could find all our energy from other
sources, we still need oil. It is used
in everyday life. Some uses people
don't think of are asphalt, plastics
and lubrication. Whether a car runs
on gas, electricity or voodoo magic,
you still need oil to lubricate it and
a road for it to drive on. There are
also a ton of other uses for oil. Aspirin, crayons and solar panels, for
example, all depend on oil. Oil isn't
preventing us from a sustainable
future; it is required to get us there.
The UBC student body is extremely diverse. This is celebrated,
and UBC ensures it is an inclusive
environment for everyone. The
university teaches its students that
people can't be judged based on
stereotypes or pop culture. If this
is the case, why are we doing the
exact opposite with respect to the
oil industry? They are leaders. They
are energy companies, not oil companies, and we need their products.
These companies aren't going away
anytime soon.
Divestment isn't the right option,
and many experts agree. Let's leave
investment to the professionals. XI
Dan Rae is a UBC engineering
I'm not sure why divestment from
oil companies is even a discussion at
the moment.
UBC has professionals who
tirelessly work to ensure that funds
are being invested in the best possible manner. They make sure the
investments are financially viable
and align with UBC's best interests
and goals. Investment isn't a place
for public opinion or student referendums, but for argument's sake,
let's pretend it is, and that those
professionals don't exist.
It seems all too common for
environmental activists to portray
the doom and gloom ofthe Alberta
oil sands operations, but they all
constantly fail to recognize this isn't
a standalone industry. It's mining.
Like any other mine, they dig up
the land, extract the resource and
put the remaining dirt back in the
ground. It's quite simple, and if the
small amount of land they temporarily disrupt is your argument for
opposition to oil, then you better
stop using all mined resources.
Unless you live in the forest and
eat wild berries, that isn't going
to happen.
Coal, iron, uranium, potash fertilizer, lime for cement and diamonds
are just a few ofthe mined resources
on which everyone depends. The
world is dependent on mined resources. And these mines aren't pillaging
the land; they are a well-thought-out
extraction processes. They have
a full mine plan, starting with an
exploration phase and ending with a
reclamation phase, leaving no traces
that a mine was ever there.
To add to that, this isn't how the
whole oil sands reserve is extracted.
Only 20 per cent ofthe stated
reserves canbe mined. The rest has
to be extracted via in situ drilling,
using cutting edge steam-assisted
gravity drainage (SAGD) technology. If you don't know what SAGD
is, you clearly haven't done enough
research to be in the oil debate.
So why are we advocating
divestment? These companies are
environmental monsters pillaging
the earth, you say? This couldn't
be further from the truth. The oil
industry in Canada has extremely
stringent environmental regulations they have to follow. The
industry is constantly monitoring
the environment and their impact.
They can quantify their emissions,
water consumption, spills, leaks
and even the dust generated on the
mine roads. If you hear of a spill, it
is because they are environmental
stewards that have gone through
the proper process of reporting it
and cleaning it up. You should be // Scene
Throughout his fet^ft time askm§
president of UBC, Toope has always
been seen sporting a pair of spectacles, but in the eight years he's been
here, his choice of eyewear has never
been stagnant.
Illustrations by Julian Yu
Words by Ming Wong
Photos from Geoff Lister, KalJacobson, Mackenzie Walker and courtesy UBCO and McGill
News Alumni Quarterly archives
standard black
almost completely
When Toope was first tapped
to be UBC's 12th president, his
hairstill had some colourand his
glasses were a simple pair of black
rectangularframes. Itwas2006,
and Toope was a fresh face to
the UBC community. His dark
plastic frames reflect that
youthfulness. He didn't
look that different from
your average sessiona
lecturerorgrad student.
Toope likes his half-
mmed frames. Seen
sometime from 2006 to
2010, Toope's rimless
lenses may seem to
blend with his face,
butthe black half-
frames provide
purple metal half frame
lighter shade
almost completely rimless
He dials backthe brow line with
this pair, as seen in both his 2011
and 2012 annual interview with
The Ubyssey. This was Toope
starting his second term, the
time when he began the meat of
his presidency — the launching
ofthe Place and Promise strategic plan, the $1.5 billion Start an
Evolution fundraising campaign
— all the things that might tire
a person and make one
opt for lightweight
glasses to combat
the weight of
one's work.
round frames
In 2013, Toope would
return to the kind of
narrow plastic
frame he sported backin2006
but in a lighter
grey, perhaps to
complement his
greying hair.
Perhaps due to the many press conferences
UBC has hosted this school year, the PR team
has decided to fine-tune Toope's optical
style with this hipsterframe. Perhaps
these round frames are a callback to
an oldertime when Toope wasjust
Dean Toope, theyoungest ever dean of
McGill's Faculty of Law. Maybe—just
maybe — his latest choice of glasses is
indicative of his return to
international law, a return
to academia, as he leaves
to head U of T's Munk
School of Global Affairs in 2015. It's full
circle for Toope. VI
striped in
bottom half
Cover current events at UBC
Write for News
► Graduate from 4 Major Canadian Universities
► Industry - Focused Master's Degree
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► Startup Business Support 12    I    GAMES    I    THURSDAY, APRIL 3,2014
■ IS
■ 47
1- Problem with L.A.
5-Building wings
9-Hill insect
12-Singer Vikki
13-Some Celts
15-Peter Fonda role
17-Old English coin
18-Hammer head
19- Cosmic explosion of matter
23-Fraternal org.
24- The Simpsons bartender
25- Hogan's Heroes setting
28- Distance across a circle
33-More current
34-After-bath powder
35- Alto
36-Politico Landon
37-Mother of Isaac
38-Animation unit
39- Purple fruit
41-Deuce topper
42-Strong string
44-On the payroll
46-Main arteries
48-Diarist Frank
49- Powerful dog
57-French summers
58- Red fluorescent dye
60- Currency unit in Western
62-In a fresh manner
63-Lame movement
64-Biblical verb ending
66- Born Free lion
1-Strike breaker
2- Former French colony of
north-western Africa
9-Away from the wind
10-Not e'en once
20-On with
25-Ginger cookies
26-1 cannot lie
29- Now me down...
31-Actress Verdugo
32-Actor's parts
34- Shipping deduction
37- Become rigid
40- -tung
42-Author Morrison
43-Use a full nelson, say
45- Thor Heyerdahl craft
46-Assumed name
48-Miss by _
51-Adam's third son
52- Rivals
55-Shade trees
56- California wine region
59-Nor. neighbor
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Calculated net present values.
Then netted a 10-pounder.
ast month, I joined a team in San Francisco
) start working on a Silicon Valley project,
ome to find out, a few of the clients share
ly passion for fly-fishing. And some of the
est in the world is just a short drive into the
lorthern Sierras.
Needless to say, when we head out on
■■•eekends, we take the phrase 'Gone
ishing' to a whole new level."
ee every amazing angle at
• an ti


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