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The Ubyssey Mar 6, 1990

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Array the Ubyssey
Reclaim the
streets
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, Tuesday, March 6,1990
Vol 72, No 41
Swanson struggles against
institutionalized poverty
by Catherine Lu
Jean Swanson says the part
she disliked most about running
for mayor in the last city elections
was having her picture taken.
"Why does it matter how you
look?" she questions, as she poses
for The Ubyssey.
Swanson, 47, is now the coordinator of a coalition of 21 groups
in B.C. working to lobby both federal and provincial levels of government to reduce and ultimately
eliminate poverty in the province.
End Legislated Poverty, formed in
1985, is funded by unions,
churches and private donations.
The recently announced federal budget attacks the impoverished members of society and will
only increase poverty, according to
Swanson. The government "said it
was a tough budget, and the irony
is that they're being tough with
the poor, and meek with the rich,"
she said.
Nearly twenty percent of the
B.C. population lives under the
poverty line, according to National
Council of Welfare estimates. The
poverty line was $12,037 last year
for a single person living in a city
with a population larger than
500,000.
Government is responsible for
poverty because it legislates welfare rates and a minimum wage
that have not risen with the cost of
living or even come close to the
poverty line, she says. "If they
were set higher, people wouldn't
be poor."
"If wages were high enough
that people could sustain themselves, people will work," Swanson
says. But wages have actually
decreased in relation to the cost of
living.
"When I was twenty, the
minimum wage was a dollar an
hour, and now it's $4.75. When I
was twenty I paid $30 a month for
rent, and now I pay $350 for about
the same thing," she says. "So my
rent has increased ten-fold in that
26 years, and the wage has gone up
only five-fold."
The working poor comprised
23.5 percent ofthe population living under the poverty line in 1986.
"It's not (their) fault. It's not because (they don't) work hard," says
Swanson. "It's because governments have refused to raise that
minimum wage so that employers
can have more profits."
Swanson also notes that increasing social assistance rates to
the poverty line will not lead to an
indolent  population.  "There's  a
large stigma attached to collecting
welfare that people won't put
themselves through if they can
avoid it."
The basic income assistance
rate for an employable single person as of July 1989 was $468 a
month; for an unemployable person it was $518; and for a single
parent family with one child it was
$837. In B.C. 206,940 people,
74,507 of whom were children,
received social assistance in November 1989, according to figures
released by the Ministry of Social
Services and Housing.
Governments have not moved
toward ending poverty because
"they're representing corporate
interest," according to Swanson.
"The multi-national corporations have a. lot of corporate lobby
groups, they have a lot of money,
they own the media, and they
spout off a lot of myths, like we
have to cut the deficit by cutting
social spending rather than by
increasing taxes on the rich," she
says.
Swanson displays a Globe and
Mail business report from July
1989, and quotes the first sentence
of an article entitled, "What a
party!": "Led by banks and mining
companies,   Canadian   corpora
tions enjoyed another year of soaring profits."
"They made hoards of money,
they can share it a little bit," she
says. While the poorest fifth ofthe
Canadian population—approximately five million people—own -
0.3 percent of the nation's wealth,
taking into account the national
debt spread out amongst each individual—the top twenty percent
who "can't afford higher wages or
higher taxes, have 68.8 percent of
the wealth," says Swanson.
In fact, the top ten percent of
the population "has 51.3 percent of
the nation's wealth, more than
everybody else put together," she
says. "So when they tell us that
they can't afford it, they're lying."
Getting the message out
hasn't been easy. "There's a lot
going against us," says Swanson.
"It's very hard to communicate
when the big corporations own all
the media," she says. "You can get
a story in there about a hungry kid,
but if you tie that up with low
wages, it somehow disappears, it
never geis printed," she adds.
The recently announced provincial government cuts to
women's and Native publications
will also hurt these groups' abilities to fight for pay equity and their
economic rights, says Swanson.
But the former mayoral candidate thinks there's hope for the
struggle against poverty. "I think
people are clueing in," she says,
citing the fierce battle over the
Free Trade Agreement in the
1988 federal election, and the low
popularity of the Tory government indicated in a recent poll.
"More and more groups in the
popular sector, like the Canadian
Federation of Students, women's
centres, labour, and mainstream
churches are getting together" to
fight legislated poverty, says
Swanson. "They're realizing that
they have common interests
against corporate rule."
When asked why fighting
poverty is so important, Swanson
appeals to human compassion
and rationality. "Poor people have
rottener lives," she says. "Toverty
is responsible for more lost years
of life in Canada than cancer. It's
the biggest indicator of poor
health."
"But beyond that, if you're not
poor, what happens when there's
more poverty is that you get more
alienated society, more violence,
more drugs," she says. "If you're a
rich person, you'll have to spend
more money on private security." CLASSIFIEDS 228-3977
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ARTS STUDENT WANTED! share
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6314.
2 BDR APT TO SHARE with female, $350
+ 1/2 utilities. Kingsway & Fraser, 876-
5199.
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THE PRINCETON REVIEW - LSAT prep
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30 - JOBS
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Now Hiring for Manager positions for summer "90. Top summer earnings $10,000+.
Learn valuable business and management
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TUESDAY, MAR. 6
Lutheran Student Movement.
Co-op Supper. 5:45 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Lutheran Student Movement.
Bible Study. 11 a.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Intervarsity Christian Fellowship. Prayer Meeting-Join usfor
cinnamon buns in the cafeteria
SUB at 8:30! 7:30a.m., SUB 211.
UBC Geers. General meeting -
discussion of upcoming events,
new members welcome. Noon,
SUB 224.
Pre-Med Society. Last lecture for
89/90: Plastic Surgery - Dr.
Snelling. Noon, ffiC Wood 1.
Women in Development. Julie
Cruikshank, Dept. of Anthropology, UBC, will be speaking on
"Women's Life Histories from
Northern Canada: Explaining
New Changes with Old Stories."
12:30 - 1:30 p.m,, Geography
Building Bm. 223.
Students for Forestry Awareness. Discussion Group with
Jack Kempf (MLA Omineca) on
forestry issues in B.C. 7 p.m.,
MacMillan Bldg. Lounge.
TSUGA FORESTRY CONTRACTORS is
looking for healthy, ambitious individuals
for summer treeplantingin N. B.C. and Alta.
In business for 11 years - exclusively planting. Camp facilities & equip. 1st class.
Campfees $17/d. (compare with other companies at $20-25/d.). A company committed
to planters. Don't choose just any company,
come and check us out. Applications available at Can. Employment Centre - Brock
Hall. Experience preferred.
PAT PERSON FRIDAY, 8 - 20 hrs7wk. $9 -
12/hr. 60 wpm very accurate, WordPerfect,
filing. Resumes to Cdn. PID Society, 802 -
1160 Pendrell St., Vancouver, V6E 1L5
EARN $500 - $5000 per month. Full training provided, work F/T or P/T from your
home. Call Janet 322-0969.
CHILD CARE NEEDED for our 2 children
(ages 2 yrs. & 6 mo.) in our home in Kerrisdale, 3 days/wk. (8am-5 pm). Starting mid-
March. Individual (N/S) must be responsible, caring and have exp. with infants/
toddlers. Ref. req. Call Liz, 261-6863.
FULL & P/T HELP WANTED for juice &
salad bar in Granville Island market. Pis.
Call Fred, mornings at 669-0727.
BABYSITTER, 2 YR OLD BOY, my home,
9-1, weekday mornings. April 10 - Aug. 31.
Close to UBC Gates, 228-9247.
P/T N/S NANNY for 6 & 3 yr old. 2 days a
week Pt. Grey. 224-1187 after 7pm.
POSITIONS AVAILABLE TO SELL
high-tech products. Well provided training.
Exc. commission. Phone Jean 584-6218.
ALUMNI PAINTERS req. Production
Manager. Approx $3,0O0/month, need previous paint manager exp. Call 983-2512.
PAINTERS - FOREMAN. Exp. an asset.
$8-14/hr. depending on exp. and position.
Call Maurice, 983-2512.
50 - RENTALS
TYPEWRITER RENTALS, $29/month.
Free delivery and pick. All recent electric
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0040. 699 E.65th Ave, Vancouver, B.C.
75 - WANTED
VOLUNTEERS - HEALTH NON-SMOKING Caucasian males (19-25 yrs) needed for
an antiarrhythmic drug study - mexiletine.
Subjects are asked to donate blood, saliva,
urineover3 days with honorarium $70 paid.
Info, call Dr. mcerlane 228-4451 or Mr.
Kwok 228-5838 in Faulty of Pharmacy,
UBC.
Japanese conversation tutor.
Intermediate level. One evening per wk., 2
hrs., $15/hr. Graham, 876-6367 Eves.
WANTED: JAPANESE translator for scientific articles. 5 cents/word. Please contact
Sharon or Leslie at 228-3964.
WANTED: FRENCH SPEAKING student to play with & speak french to young
children in Dunbar home. 261-4777.
80 - TUTORING
Students for Forestry Awareness.
Speaker Series: Jack Kempf (Ind.
MLA Omineca). Title: Non-competitive access to timber and the
stumpage system in B.C. Noon,
MacMillan Rm. 166.
Environment Centre Eradicate
Styrofoam Group. Meeting. Noon,
SUB 211.
Environment Centre Promo
Group. Meeting. Noon, SUB
212A.
Classic Subfilms. Film: Tess,
based on Thomas Hardy's "Tess of
the D'Urbervilles", directed by
Roman Polanski. 12:40 p.m. &
7:30 p.m. only. SUB Theatre.
Narcotics Anonymous. A fellowship of men and women for whom
drugs have become a major problem. Members meet regularly to
help each other stay clean. 12:30 -
2:00pm. [24 hr. help-line, 873-
1018.] Room 311 (main floor),
through the lab medicine door
UBC Hospital, (Main Entrance).
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 7
AMS Communications Committee. Open Student Forum on: The
Quality of the Undergraduate
Experience at UBC. 6:30 p.m.,
Council Chamber (SUB 206).
SOUL "90 (Save Our University
Library Campaign). Organizational meeting. Noon, SUB 224.
Gays & Lesbians of UBC. General
Meeting, 12:30, SUB 213.
UBC Marxist-Leninist Study
Group. Discussion: The national
question in the Soviet Union and
Europe. 7:00pm, Buchanan D225.
Walter Gage Toastmasters. General Meeting, 7:00pm, SUB Plaza
South.
THURSDAY, MAR. 8
Student Health Service and the
Canadian Cancer Society. Breast
Self Exam Teaching Clinic: learn
to monitor your breast health,
conducted by nurses, confidential
& free. 5:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m., for
appointment call 228-7011. Drop-
ins are also welcome. Student
Health Clinic, Room M334 University Hospital.
UBC Scottish Country Dance
Club, Meeting and Practice — all
welcome: 7:30 - 9pm, SUB 205.
Lutheran Student Movement.
Theological Discussion. Noon,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
Graduate Student Society. Susan
Cole. Freelance Journalist.
"Undressing the Myths of Sexual
Equality." Noon, Ballroom,
Graduate Student Centre.
Environment Centre Recycling
Group. Meeting. Noon, SUB 209.
Environment Centre Transporta-
tiori Group. Meeting. Noon, SUB
212A.
Philosophy Student's Association.
Conversation. Doug Willougby
talks on "Sartre and Marxism:
Philosophical Problems of a Structural Anthropology." 7:00pm,
Grad Centre Penthouse.
International Women's Day -
Ecofeminism - Green Party event.
Sponsored by the Environment
Centre. Noon, SUB 213.
Inter Varsity Christian Fellowship. Meeting: Dr. Dennis Darnel-
son (Eng. professor at UBC) will be
speaking on "To doubt not to
panic* Everyone welcome! Noon,
Family & Nutritional Science
Building.
EXPERIENCED  ENGLISH Ph.D. stu
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grammar and general style, 536-5137.
COMPUTER HELP.  All programs,  personal on-site tutoring. 731-4026.
85 - TYPING
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
word processing/typing. Student rates.
Dorothy Martinson, 228-8346.
TYPING 24 HOUR SERVICE.   Essays,
papers, tapes-cassettes TRANSCRIBED.
Editing, proofing optional. 224-2310 any
time.
WORD PROCESSING
$2.50/dbl. sp. page. APA, MLA, CMS
COMPUTERSMITHS 3726 West
Broadway (At Alma). 224-5242.
TYPING QUICK. RightbyUBC. All kinds,
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QUALITY word processing laser printers,
studentrates. PhoneAgnes 734-3928Linda
736-5010.
WILL CORRECT GRAMMAR etc. Lazer
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535 Thurlow St. Vancouver.
HIGH QUALITY desk-top publishing,
word processing & editing. Quick turnaround. Reasonable rates. Pick up & delivery available. 224-5151.
EXPERIENCED TYPIST available to do
student reports. Quality computer work,
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After 4:15pm, 879-3504.
ON CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING
Typeityour8elf...simplifiedinstructions,
spell check, and laBer printer make your
work look top quality. $7/hr. and 15 cents/
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SUB lower level, across from Tortellini's
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ON CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING
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$27/hr., 6-8 double spaced pages of normal text per hour, laser printer. SUB
lower level, across from Tortellini's Restaurant; 228-5640.
WORD PROCESSING, laser printer - thesis, reports, manuscripts (WordPerfect,
MSWord). $2/pg ds. Jeeva's Word Processing 876-5333, 201-636 W. Broadway.
International Socialists. Meeting,
Topic Paris Uprising 1968.
7:30pm, SUB 215.
Newman Club. Gust Speaker:
Lydia Chikawavaire will talk
about life in Zimbabwe. Everyone
is welcome. Noon, St. Mark's College.
Campus Crusade for Christ. "The
Door is Open." Guest Speaker -
Tim Macintosh, Noon. Prayer
meeting: 1:30. Angus Rm 215.
Pacific Rim Club
Discussion with Ritsumeikan Students "Cultural Aspects of Growing up Japanese vs. Growing Up
Canadian
Noon, Asian Centre Auditorium
IHOT
■flashes
March 12, 19
(Three Sessions)
MAKING ANGER WORK
FOR YOU
A Group For Men
Place: Student Counselling &
Resources Centre, Brock Hall,
Rm. 200
Time: 12:30 - 1:30 p.m.
Register: Call 228-3811
This group is for men whose
expressions of anger are
getting them into trouble and
causing problems in their relationships. The group will
help men learn alternative
expressions of anger through
a process which encourages
them to take responsibility for
their behavior and teaches
skills in handling anger and
other feelings safely.
FRIDAY, MARCH 9
Institute of Asian Research.
Seminar; part of Japan Seminar
Series - "Worklife in Japan: Past
and Present", "Life in Japan's Coal
Mines: 1900-1930" by Dr. Burton.
12:30, Asian Centre, Seminar
Room 604.
Department of Creative Writing.
Margot Livesey, fiction writer,
will be reading from her new
novel, "Homework". Admission
free. Noon, Buchanan Penthouse.
Graduate Students in Comparative Literature. International
Conference: "Re-vising Comparative Literature". 9 a.m. - 8 p.m.
Graduate Student Centre Banquet Hall.
AMS Art Gallery Committee
Applications are now being accepted by the
AMS Art Gallery Committee for Exhibitions in
the 1990/91 school season in the AMS Art Gallery
in SUB. Shows range a week in length and applicants must submit ten slides of current work, a
small explanation of their work and a twenty-five
dollar deposit with their application. Applications
are available from the AMS Executive Secretary
in SUB Room 238 and must be returned by 4 p.m.,
Friday, March 23rd., 1990. UBC students are
given priority but all applications are considered.
2/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 DERA: Eastside struggle
INTERVIEW:
Stephen Leary of
the Downtown
Eastside Residents'
Association
by Greg Davis
Vancouver is going through
rapidchanges. Many buildings are
currently under the wrecking ball,
and the landscape of the city is
constantly being altered. What
type of housing will be available?
How will communities be affected?
Will Vancouver become a better
city, or will it make the same mistake as many American cities,
creating ghettoes and crime problems?
Stephen Leary, who has been
a member of the Downtown
Eastside Residents' Association
(DERA) since 1984, hopes to prevent community problems before
they occur.
"Do we want it like the States,
where there are no-go areas? We
can still walk around downtown at
night, but this is the problem we're
facing. We've been trying to impress upon the government that
there has to be something done
now, you can't turn your back on
[the problems]."
DERA was formed in 1973 in
order to combat the state of dereliction that encompassed the
Downtown Eastside and to foster
resident pride for a healthy community. It was set up by the city as
a very small association with a
civic grant to pay one worker.
Since then it has grown in staff
and volunteers, yet the organization is still very small relative to
the massive problems it deals
with.
DERA involves itself in many
aspects ofthe community, such as
lobbying to stop the sale of Ginseng brandy not covered by liquor
laws, or against the carrying of
knives in public.
With a major portion of the
city's bars in the area, people from
all over Vancouver flock to the
eastside to party. Because of all
the carousing and fighting, the
perception ofthe neighborhood as
"skid row" is still prominent, despite DERA's efforts to abolish
stereotypes. Leary insists that
these people have to respect the
Downtown Eastside as they respect their own neighborhoods.
"We become this party area
even though there are 15,000
people who live here. This is recognized as 'Hey, let's go down to the
Downtown Eastside, raise hell,
and go home to a nice, quiet place.
We wouldn't want a porno theatre
next to our home, or a strip joint.'
Some of these places don't even
allow Downtown Eastsiders in
because of the price of the drinks,
so you have only outsiders."
The top priority for DERA is
the housing crisis, and their campaign to increase and upgrade the
affordable lodgings in the area.
At present, approximately
10,000 of the Downtown
Eastside's 13,000 residents live in
hotels.
The area has about a two per
cent vacancy rate in the 380 hotels
that fill the zone—the majority
rent on a monthly basis. DERA
will help individuals and families
find vacant rooms.
"Basically, the hotel room
we're talking about is 10x10, with
a bare bulb, hot plate if they're
lucky, sink if they're lucky, 30
rooms to a floor and one bathroom.
Nearly every hotel has a family
living in it.
"There is no way kids should
be living in hotels, but there's no
place else for them to go. Some of
them are in two separate rooms (so
the family is split)," said Leary.
On February 10, 1990, the
Hamilton Hotel, which had 22
units, was demolished by BC
Hydro to make space for their new
office/commercial building, displacing all its tenants.
"People living in hotels are
dollars away from living in the
street. We know about 10-15 hotels coming down. It's shitty housing, we admit it, but unless there's
something else to replace it, we're
in a real tough situation."
Recently DERA managed to
get by-laws changed so hotel residents could have the same rights
as apartment dwellers, such as
reasonable notice before eviction.
"During Expo people were
given one hour's notice."
Evictions in other communities also affect the Downtown
Eastside. The building of luxury
hotels and condos, and the process
of gentrification are sending
people into the neighborhood as
their only alternative.
"DERA built four central
housing complexes, but it's a drop
in the bucket. What we really need
is the government to recognize
that there is a problem."
Leary urges the city to pursue
rent control and rent review, as
well as a demolition by-law that
wouldrequire thataunitcouldnot
be demolished without replacing it
with a unit of comparable price.
On the provincial and federal
level, moreinputof funds for social
housing is needed.
"The feds cut funds for housing by 15 per cent in the last
budget. We're in the middle of a
crisis...We can see our future. Our
future is the United States and the
homelessness there unless we can
do something right now."
"Just because you live in
Shaughnessey doesn't mean you
won't be affected by the homeless
problem. That park in front of your
house that you used to have your
kids play in, well that's the only
place someone has to live now."
Cowboy EHis: says he's Riming for City Council fc'coz "the
jpitfcian is no* doing a god damn thing for the senior cftteefl&l
DAVlDLOHPHOli
Hastings resident strives for better future
by Catherine Lu
Jeff recently experienced a
small miracle. Last fall he applied
to a reputable gastown restaurant
for work, and in January, he was
hired as a cook apprentice.
"It's the biggest break I've ever
had," he says.
Jeffs job includes cooking the
staff meal, cleaning the walk-in,
cleaning the steam table on slow
nights, and "if anybody feels like
teaching me something, they do,"
he says. The job currently pays $5
an hour.
Jeff has had few breaks in life.
Born in Jamaica in 1965, he and
his parents moved to Ottawa in
1976, and Jeff arrived in Vancouver three years ago.
Jeffs father was a soldier, a
policeman in a Jamaican special
constabulary, a freemason and a
mechanical engineer. He was also
an alcoholic and Valium addict.
"It was a mental nightmare,
living with my Dad," Jeff recalls.
"He was basically nuts, and he still
is."
Jeff remembers his father
beating his mother when he was
three years old. Another memory
brings an ironic smile to his lips.
"I remember this vividly," Jeff
says. "He would not wake up one
morning. My mother thought he
was dead. Butinstead of callingthe
ambulance, she calls the army."
"I was about eight years old,"
he adds.
In Ottawa at age 15, Jeff was
introduced to drugs by a friend,
whose brothers dealt narcotics.
"When I first started doing drugs I
needed some kind of escape," Jeff
says. As the saying goes, man
takes drugs, drugs take drugs,
drugs take man.
To support his drug habit Jeff
turned to crime, and eventually
got caught. At 16, he spent four
months in jail. His father suffered
a nervous breakdown at the same
time, and checked himself into a
mental hospital. Jeffs parents
separated, his sister lived with his
mother, and Jeff was sent to a
boarding school in Renfrew, Ontario.
"It was a rip-off," he recalls.
"The kids who went there—their
parents didn't want anything to do
with them, they'd been in trouble
with the law, they couldn't get
along with the standard school
system, or they were retarded."
"There was one kid who
thought he was a cat," recalls Jeff.
"He'd file his fingernails down to
points. At supper time, he'd have a
bowl of milk, instead of a glass,
and he'd lap it."
Jeff says for the two years he
spent at Cenacle school, he received little education, being
taught math once a month.
At 18, Jeff spent the summer
with an uncle. It turned out to be
another rip-off.
"He was a pervert. He assaulted my sister when she was 13
years old," Jeff says. "He was a con
man too. I worked for him all
summer, and I'm still waiting for
my money."
In the next three years Jeff
moved a lot, and eventually came
to Vancouver, trying to break with
the past.
"One ofthe reasons I came out
here was to stop, to get away from
all those people I knew," he says.
It didn't work. When Jeff hit
rock bottom, he remembered a
friend who suggested a place to go
when such an occasion arose: the
Union Gospel Mission on Cordova
Street. Jeff stayed there for nine
months.
"When 3'ou first go in, there's a
three-month Bible study," Jeff
explains. "It is a good place. You
get fed very well, there's lots to do.
It did help me."
But, he says, his theological
questions were never answered,
and he's still searching for the
answers to questions like the following: "If Adam and Eve were the
first two people on earth, and they
had Cain and Abel, and Cain slew
Abel, and then was marked on the
forehead and told to go to the Land
of Nod, where everybody will know
who he is, then who the hell is
everybody, if Adam and Eve were
the first two people on earth?"
Jeff says he was treated like "a
lost lamb who had strayed from
the flock, and fell into the temptations of Satan."
"I'm a sinner," he agrees.
After being kicked out of the
mission for the second time for
drinking—"a no-no"—Jeff moved
into the Patricia Hotel on Hastings
Street, where he now resides.
"I've never lived in a city hke
this," he reflects. "It's the pits,
where we're living. I like Vancouver, other parts of Vancouver. But
there's so much of what I'm trying
to get away from around here. And
self-respect, there's not a hell of a
lot of that around either."
Jeff says the tough neighbourhood demands a tough exterior. "It's not something that I like
to be...it's just either you stand up,
or you go down," he says. "Before
when I was younger, I'd just take
the abuse...but now I'm fighting
back. I'm not going to take shit
from anybody around here." Jeff
knows the cost of standing up. Last
year he was involved in an altercation, and received a broken jaw.
The apprenticeship has given
Jeff hope that the future will be
better than the past. "I haven't had
a drink in two months, not since I
got the apprenticeship," he says.
He has also been drug-free for a
year.
On the same day that he was
hired by the gastown restaurant,
he was also accepted by a program
sponsored by the Vancouver
School Board, called Career Start.
The life-skills course paid $4.75 an
hour, and also paid for his General
Education and Development
(GED) exam, which he passed.
Although it's a step up from
his past experiences, Jeff admits
his current situation is "extremely
boring. I go to work, Teat, I sleep,
I watch TV, I read, I play chess."
"I have no love interests. I
would like to," he says. "Before, my
life was like a series of one-night
stands. Right now I'm 24. I'd like to
settle down."
But he knows his chances of
having a long-standing relationship are slim. There are "no permanent relationships around this
place. And I can't really afford to
go out, and chase women down,"
he says. "I'm always tempted to go
to church," he adds jokingly.
Still, Jeff says he is gaining
confidence in his own abilities,
and in the future. "The thing
people have said to me more than
anything else is that I got so much
going for me that I can do anything
I wanted to," he says. "And now,
I'm beginning to believe that."
March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/3 ATTENTION!
ALL GRADUATING STUDENTS
The Annual General Meeting of the Grad Class Is
Wednesday, March 7th, 1990
12:30 p.m.
SUB Ballroom
1 Free BZZR per Attending Graduating Student
The Following Submissions for Graduation Class Gifts
Will Be Voted On:
(Maximum Request Per Gift Is $3,000)
Title:
Distribution Boxes
Group:
The Ubyssey
AMT:
$1,800
Total Budget:
$1,800
Request to purchase 30 boxes @ $60.00 each for
permanent distribution locations on campus. Currently
most faculty buildings get a stack of papers delivered to
their lobby. These stacks tend to topple over or get disposed of by cleaning staff. The permanent boxes will be
constructed to accommodate a display copy plus 200 or
more copies. The boxes will be distributed in several faculty
buildings and possibly in high profile areas outside (such as
the Bus Loop).
Title:
Group:
AMT:
Total Budget:
Women's Safety Project
Women's Centre
$3,000
(on going)
To aid in the project being undertaken by the President's office and the Women's Centre to upgrade safety on
campus in light of the fact that women are assaulted each
month on campus, an upgraded security system is proposed. Projects include improved lighting and a student run
"taxi" service for the campus grounds.
Title:
75th Aniniversary Fountain
Group:
Electrical Engineering Club
AMT:
$3,000
Total Budget:
$8,000
On the occasion of the 75th Anniversary of UBC, it is
proposed that a fountain be constructed in Fairview Grove
as the 1990 Graduating Class's contribution to the celebration. As Fairview grove is dedicated to the building of the
Point Grey campus 75 years ago, it is an ideal location for
a commemorative fountain and will serve as a lasting reminder of the 1990 graduating class.
Title: UBC Medical Student and Alumni Centre
Group: Medical Undergraduate Society/
UBC Medicine Class of 1990.
AMT: $3,000
Total Budget:    $142,521.00
While bridge funding is in place to complete the structure, additional money is needed to cover costs already
incurred and provideforfurnishingsand interior detail. The
centre was conceived in 1982 as an area u nder joint control
of students and alumni and is located near UBC's original
Fairview Campus location. It will focus on social activity,
fostering fraternity among, students, alumni, and non-
alumni physicians. Events at the centre include discussion
groups, continuing education and social events. Money
granted will be matched by the provincial government.
Title: Computer Purchase
Group: Speakeasy/Student Environment Centre
AMT: $3,000
Total Budget: $3,598
Purchasing of a Macintosh SE and Mac printer is
proposed to help Speakeasy and the S.E.C. serve students
more effectively. A computer is ideally suited for existing
"databases" such as the "rideshare" carpooling program
and tutor exchange program. As well as accommodating
future projects, it will be used to design posters and maintain membership lists. The computer will be a lasting contribution to UBC students.
Title: Bicycle Rack Covers
Group: Student Environment Centre
AMT: $3,000
Total Budget: $3,000
To pay for bicycle rack covers to be installed at as many
locations as possible on campus. Existing racks would be
better used if they had awning covers. As adequate rack
facilities encourage bike use, particularly in the winter
months. The covers will be a lasting positive contribution to
UBC students, faculty, and staff as well as to the environment.
TAKE NOTE
• It is Imperative That You Attend. As We Require A Quorum of 400 Graduating Students To Vote On The
Gifts Proposals.
• Without Quorum, NO GRAD GIFTS WILL BE FUNDED BY THE 1990 Class. (The Grad Fees YOU Paid
in September Will Be Turned Over lb Next Year's Grad Class.)
• Bring Your Student Card.
OTHER STUFF
1. Graduation Ceremonies
2. Grad Tree Planting Info
3. Cheap Beverages
For Furthur Information
Call Kimberly Henders
228-6046
Or Leave A Message In SUB 238
4/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 Studying the news at the Camagie library
DAVID LOH PHOTO
Leroux revamps adult education
by Dania Sheldon
I had driven Hastings and Main many
times with scarcely a glance at Carnegie
Centre, or a thought to the people inside. A
relatively privileged middle-class UBC
student, I ascended its steps a few weeks
ago to speak with Carnegie's Learning
Centre instructor Kathie Leroux about the
centre's dynamic adult education program.
Leroux joined the team of workers at
Carnegie a year ago, and since then has
been working to build an alternative
approach to traditional mainstream adult
education. Through her travels to underdeveloped South American countries and
her work with the Canadian Human Rights
Coalition, she developed a keen awareness
ofthe power education can give to the poor.
Her experience at all levels of Canadian education revealed what she sees as
major failings in the current system. Working from a wholistic viewpoint, Leroux and
the collective at the Learning Centre employ a participatory approach method
called "community-based programming."
"In most learning institutions," says
Leroux, "they're using what I call a banking
system of education, where teachers go in
and deposit information, then withdrawit...
Here, we treat our students like subjects
and not objects. There's a lot of consultation
with them in terms of what they want to
learn."
The classes offered at Carnegie are
centred around people's needs: math and
English upgrading courses, a GED (General
Education and Development) program,
ESL (English as a Second Language) that is
coupled with basic word processing and
creative writing.
The ESL classes teach students practical language regarding such subjects as
tenants' rights, basic human rights, consumer rights, financial systems..."not your
traditional dialogue," says Leroux.
Education at Carnegie is not compartmentalized into politics, science, religion,
language and so on, she says. "By doing
that, we divide people...we end up labelling,
and there's more excluding of people rather
than people working together."
Keeping students actively involved in
their own education process is crucial says
Leroux: "I try to get as much ownership as
possible - this is yours, this is not me
deciding for you to learn, or when you can
learn.m
Leroux says traditional education has
conditioned us into accepting the concept of
production. Her idea of adult education, she
says, is changing attitudes. "It's not just
book learning - it's how we live our lives."
Finding out the diverse elements affecting each student and th^'r ability to
learn is a central element in Leroux's new
view of teaching. "The teacher is a mutual
learner," she says. "The whole challenge for
a teacher is to try and find that spot in the
individual from which you can bring out the
gifts that every individual has."
If someone has a problem, says Leroux,
"as long as you look at that particular student in isolation, you're not going to find a
solution - that student is connected to a
family, is participating in a community, and
until you do a whole analysis of that student's life...and what's going on in the community, you're not going to be able to help
the student with the problem."
Reconciliation
Sensitivity to the lives of her students
plays a large role in Leroux's and her coworkers'methodology. Welfare and disability pensions provide for subsistence-level
lifestyles that degrade and dehumanize.
"When you've had a home somewhere
all your life...you can take all the knocks
outside because you have somewhere
warm, safe...someone's going to nurture you
and take care of you. A lot of these people
don't have that. When their confidence isn't
therc.there's a hotel to go to. Sometimes
you move from hotel room to hotel room at
night."
So although people who come to the
Learning Centre are motivated, they need a
lot of affirming to build up a reserve of
confidence which they perhaps have never
had before.
"Some people," says Leroux, "have just
been downright neglected by a school system that couldn't put a label on a person,
and somehow they've become kind of isolated."
Sometimes it's "basic love, tenderness,
kindness" that are the most valuable elements of her method, what she terms "reconciliation."
Above all, adults need to be treated as
individuals full of valuable life experiences
upon which they can draw, not as children
or charity cases.
"As long as you have a charity mentality, I don't see effective education taking
place. There has to be a justice mentality,
that gives a person what every other person
in the world wants—a sense of themselves,
a sense of feeling good."
"It's about process,
building relationships,
awareness, friendship
—in total, total equality."
—Kathie Leroux
Breaking Cycles
The warmth and cooperation inside the
centre unfortunately only goes a little way
towards addressing the needs of Downtown
Eastside residents. Education is the best
foothold out of the trap of legislative poverty, yet often this is discouraged by social
services, in favour of'going out and getting
a job.' The fact is that without a high school
diploma, most of these individuals are
turned away by employers.
Leroux sees this as a barely "hidden
agenda" that keeps marginalized people
powerless. "Ultimately, there isn't a
workforce out there that's prepared to hire
these people even if they graduated, because there aren't the jobs, given our economy. So it's a lot simpler keeping people
oppressed, than to empower them to choose
a different lifestyle."
Leroux sees this reflected also in
meagre funding.
"Adults trying to get off welfare, trying
to get back into society, aren't helped be
cause it's too big of a risk." This cycle of
poverty is sustained not just by government
apathy, but by the more privileged sectors'
unwillingness to alter their lifestyles, and
"by using myths to describe each other": the
'typical' welfare recipient as a lazy slob,
alcoholic, drug addict...
Leroux is tired of watching the wheels
go round. "I'm interested in breaking
cycles." Walking to work from her home at
the Four Sisters, she is hailed by friends
and students in the food line-up; "poverty
isn't nameless anymore," she says, "it's a
friend, it's somebody I know." By forging
these links, in the neighbourhood and
within the centre, Kathie and her co-workers have begun to launch an assault on this
cycle.
Future Plans
Always stretched and pinched by
threadbare budgets, the future of the
Learning Centre nevertheless is not bleak,
simply by virtue of the enthusiasm of its
staffand students. Along with continuing to
meet students' expressed needs, Leroux
would like to see a greater degree of interaction between the Learning Centre and other
areas in Carnegie. She'd also like to see
more lifeskills programs, both within the
centre and out in the community. "We
should be in the hotels right now," educating individuals about alternatives to their
abysmal circumstances. Additional native
programming is another aim—and recent
federal cuts to Native programming may
increase the pressure upon centres like
Carnegie, in which "the native community
finally has a presence".
Admittedly, not all Leroux's "visions"
can be realized while the necessary money
is lacking. Yet the program will continue to
grow as best as its student-staff teams can
manage. And "there is a lot to celebrate, in
spite of all the frustration and obstacles,"
says Leroux. "I can't solve the problems of
the world...it's finding a balance in a.ll
this..." Certainly it is the creation of some
stability and balance in the lives of the
people who use the Learning Centre that is
the overriding achievement of Leroux, her
co-workers and their alternative program.
March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/5 PROFILE
Moore battles classification
Unseen in the
STREET
"There's all kinds of
things with personal questions. If I tell you where I am
from that is a label. You will
have, even though you might
not say so, an attitude if I said
I was from say Newfoundland. You sort of think of certain images. They don't seem
to look at people."
—Kevin Moore
by Chung Wong
Desperation clings to this environment
like dampness in a cold basement. The
search for shelter andbelonging has become
a painful and frustrating undertaking for
Kevin Moore.
"It's strange, you don't really get any
privacy. The maids are always constantly
coming in and they go through your stuff,"
he observes. "People get upset because it's
personal."
To his dismay, Moore feels his residence has become a source of alienation,
especially when it comes to finding a job.
"Sometimes when you're applying for a
job and you give a 255 exchange and then
you say sroom...' well right way it's like
"well, I don't think I'm going to call this
guy*"
"I can't prove it, but I feel it. Prejudice
is a hard thing to prove."
Rejection only pushes Moore to the
edge of an abyss where he may either fall or
somehow find inner strength.
"Ifs hard sometimes—you also lose
focus. When you try to go for something and
it sort of gets closed down...I mean you can
only take that for so long."
The jobs and happenings which are
available nudge him closer to the brink.
Though he tries to shun his notion of being
trapped, he sees hints of it daily.
"Here, you can work with your back and
eventually like these older guys you see
around here—they can't work anymore—
you're stuck down here."
"We say get out of here like it's a
prison—well, it is...See, we don't see the
artists—we see the junkies, and the hookers. The five star hotel for transients—here
it is."
In his eyes, there are vices which along
with the economic and political pressures
protect the degenerative state of the
eastside.
"It seems like there's a whole service
industry down there for people's vices—
there's gambling, there's porno shops,
there's prostitution, there's drinking,
there's drugs. It's kind of weird."
For outsiders, the eastside is draped
with myths which are accepted but rarely
explained. An individual becomes hardened
and at times lost in the wash of a turbulent
environment, Moore explains. It creates a
psychological push toward violence or escapism.
"You have these morals about what's
wrong or right and two people should not be
fighting one person so you stick your nose in
and you get stuck."
The situations and circumstances in
the eastside are overwhelming, Moore says.
"How can you stop everything if there's
thirty incidents a day? All of a sudden a
little bit of your morals is gone because, you
didn't do anything—you can't, and pieces of
your morality get taken away."
There is a lure, he says, to alcoholism.
It has become a conscious alternative and
reaction to negative circumstances.
"People get different crutches—some
people have God some people have drugs,"
he concludes.
People here are human. It is an understanding many residents in the eastside
have come to understand communally.
"Ifyou have money you tend to lend it,"
says Moore.
"HI spot Jeff $20 because he always
gives it back, but the first time you lend him
money you don't lend him $20 you lend him
five bucks or ten bucks and see if hell give
it back."
"The money's just part of it—you're sort
of trying to build up a relationship in trust.
Money's an easy loss."
Moore feels a deep sense of community
betrayal when recognizing forms of profit
gained from the exploitation of poverty—
even if unintended.
"A lot of the facilities—everybody says
there's lots of resources for people here,
right?—well, 90 per cent of the buildings
that were there for the people who need help
or if they are abused or all this other stuff
were either closed during the weekend
when all the major shit happens or were
full."
"So basically those things are there for
the workers rather than the people because
it's workers hours."
Moore also believes the city's drug enforcement has lead only to futility and has
only profited those employed to be involved.
"All the drug things that were on Granville—when they cracked down on Granville—it all went down to us, and now when
they're starting to crack down there—it'll go
to Mount Pleasant, right? So all they're
doing is just rotating it around 'til a neighbourhood has had enough and then it just
goes to another neighbourhood. Instead of
just actually figuring out what's the problem—how to solve it—it's easier this way
right?"
Many eastside citizens also question
the media's motivations when it covers stories concerning in the down and out. Moore
feels the media has strayed away from its
function as a community interest.
"Sometimes ifs like yawn yawn yawn
another report on the eastside. You know,
do gooders or whatever."
"The thingisyou getinto problems with
generalizing. It takes more time and more
effort to do things on an individual basis
than just sort of lumping things into a group
and saying that's the way it is. But if you
want real kind of things you have to look at
it individually."
"You got these people trying to take
pictures, doing interviews and all that kind
of shit right when you're there at the food
line with the possibility of say your mom or
somebody else. I mean, you got pride right?
You just have to personalize and say how
would I feel if they were doing this to me.
Sometimes I don't think the press would
like it. And some people don't give a shit—
they're just doing their job and they don't
care about the people. And I think, well, if
you don't care about the people—well—
maybe you shouldn't be a reporter."
Moore observes there is a visible gap
particular to Vancouver between the "rich
and poor."
"Other places I've been, there's not
been this big gap between the rich and the
poor. The rich aren't that far removed from
their roots that they don't know where
they've come from whereas here they are
very far removed.
"Most people started out poor somewhere along the line. But here you don't
seem to know it from their attitudes.
"All of a sudden they've got an attitude
like their shit doesn't stink."
Despite efforts by the financially stable
to aid the unstable, Moore says the attitudes and true goals of these individuals
have been problematic.
"Everyone wants to get their profit
from it instead of being concerned," he says.
"Help has got to come in a non-rewarding way. There's no pat on the back. There's
no roses in the desert. It's got to be given
freely with no expectation. If you want to
help people down there you can't expect
them to kiss your feet."
The road to opportunity is bleak for
Moore. To push onward, he continues to
educate himself through reading books
which include philosophy. Occasionally, he
will buy a lottery ticket.
"It's just for fun—that's all it is. It's like
paying $2.50 for a movie. It's a chance to
dream."
People are human.
DAVID LOH PHOTO
6/THE UBYSSEY
March 6, 1990 FEATURES
Social work stressful
by Nicholas lonides
There are large misconceptions in our society about the
roles and purposes of social services, according to Stuart Alcock of
the B.C. Association of Social
Workers.
Alcock said there is a common belief that social workers
are people who only "hand out
money or snatch your children."
Though child welfare is
handled by social workers, "income assistance" (welfare) is operated by financial assistance
workers.
Many social workers working in the health care system,
provide assistance and counselling to patients and their
families. Others work in the
mental health field, the corrections field, family and child welfare, and some even have private
practices.
A large part of social work
does indeed deal with "trying to
ensure the safety and well-being
of children in their homes," said
Philip Waddell ofthe ministry of
social services and housing. They
deal with cases of neglect and
abuse—physical and sexual—
and are authorized to remove
children from their homes if they
feel they are not safe.
Social workers are concerned about the high poverty
rate, the growing number of
hungry children, the high unemployment rate—the list goes on.
Is their work doing what it
should? The statistics seem to
show it's not.
Social work is stressful and
most people don't have a full
working career doing it. There is a
high "burn out" rate.
Waddell attributed the problem to the social worker's close
personal involvement in certain
cases where frustration arises
because nothing can be done, particularly when dealing with children.
It is the social worker's paradox that if the social worker gets
too involved, problems occur.
When there is no sufficient involvement, things go wrong as
well.
Alcock, who also sits on the
UBC school of social work admissions committee, said each person
is different and part ofthe admission process is a "personal suitability statement to see if the individual applicant has (a) sense of
balance in their own life."
Alcock said a grey area covers
the line between success and failure. He said he learned early in
his career to "celebrate small advances," especially when working
with very difficult children.
According to Alcock, "social
work is an interesting discipline
because what it does is focus on
the individual, so there needs to
be a psychological understanding
of individuals." There is a degree
of self satisfaction that comes out
of working with "delinquent"
people.
"Some work settings are extremely stressful and others are
not. It depends on how each person sees work satisfaction."
Walking the eastside beat
by Catherine Lu
At night, the Strip, illuminated by bright, but strangely
insensitive lights, seems alluring,
but the eye-catching brilliance is
deceiving.
"It's a predatory society where
the weakest will be singled out,"
says Brad Wallace, a Vancouver
city police constable, recently assigned to walk the streets of the
city's poorest and most violent
area.
His beat is centred around
100 block East Hastings Street.
"This is what could be considered
the central part of the skids area
for the street people, and for whom
we [the police] would refer to as
players, like the drug dealers, and
persons involved with the drug
trade," he explains.
The downtown lower east side
sharply contrasts the commercial
andresidential neighbourhoods in
south Vancouver, which Wallace
patrolled for four years.
"One of the first things that I
noticed about the area was that it's
certainly a much poorer area, with
people who don't have the same
expectations for, and of, themselves as other people," he reflects.
"Often people seemed to have lost
their pride."
Wallace, 27, says the "lower
social economic status" ofthe residents makes the area unique. But
as a police officer he is mainly
concerned with another differentiating factor—the greater potential for violence.
"Working the beat, you're often in violent situations, so you
will seldom walk alone," Wallace
says. A two-man partnership or
even a three-man partnership is
usual. "That would be for officers'
safety," he adds.
A large part of his job is protecting the -weak, of whom there
are many. "I'm concerned when I
see an elderly male or female who
is intoxicated and out on the
street," he says. "They're a target."
But Wallace has also seen young
inebriated males get beaten up.
Welfare day, the second to
last Wednesday of every month, is
a special concern, says Wallace.
The day "is nicknamed "Mardi
Gras' by the police and other agencies, because it's the busiest time
for us in the monthly cycle," he
explains. "That's when the bars
are filled, and people are out on the
street. It's like a large celebration."
Welfare day and the following
few days are marked by an increase in robberies in the area.
"The seniors will often be the
prey of those who want to obtain
money by violent means," says
Wallace. To get several hundred
dollars, strong-armers will "roll a
person", or take their money by
any means. "An elderly person...at
times can be hurt," he says.
Along with the routine violence, the two main subcultures
are drugs and prostitution.
Wallace says "drugs are a
very big problem." In the four
months that he has patrolled the
lower east side, he has seen new
arrivals to the area fall victim to
the culture borne of boredom and
despair. "The fresh ones usually
get hooked on drugs, usually cocaine," says Wallace. "You'll see
someone who comes in from out of
town...new to the area, and as the
days and weeks and months go by"
you'll see that person "degenerate."
Wallace remembers seeing a
woman with "track marks up and
down her arms which is where she
uses her intravenous drugs. She's
running out of space on both arms
now to shoot her drugs because her
veins have collapsed. She looks
horrible, certainly not
heal thy... very hard-looking. She's
19 years old."
On the Strip, drugs and prostitution go hand in hand. The
majority of prostitutes "usually
come from broken homes...tum to
drugs, and it becomes a vicious
circle," says Wallace, who has
worked in the Vice squad. They
take "the drugs perhaps to dull the
edge of what they're doing...the
pain, and then they need to get the
money again to buy the drugs."
The area is not an easy place
to leave. "Just seeing what I have
in the four months that I've been
there, I don't see too many people
leaving," admits Wallace. "There
are some, (but) I think they're the
exception rather than the rule."
Still, Wallace says "there are
a lot of positive things" about the
downtown lower east side.
"There's a lot of genuine
people, not everybody is down and
out," he says. "There are people
there who live there by choice, who
work in the area, who run businesses, or do volunteer work
there."
Lutheran Campus Ministry
Sunday Worship
7:00 pm
(formerly 10:00 am)
BRITISH COLUMBIA
INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY
BCIT's Medical Laboratory Technology Program has excellent job
placement and starting salaries from $28,000 (Grade 1 Technologist with
an'R.T.).
Mtd Lab Technology: a sound, sensible career choice. Ask our graduates!
Program length: 10 months at BCIT, 12 months at an affiliated clinical
laboratory.
Start dale: August 1,1990.
Application deadline: April 16, 1990.
Prerequisites: first year university courses or community college equivalent:
Biology UBC 101 or 102 Physics   UBC 110 or 115
Chemistry        UBC 110 or 120 English    UBC 100.
Mathematics   UBC 3 credits at Math 100 level
After successful completion of this program, the student is eligible to write
the Certificate Examination of the Canadian Society of Laboratory
Technologists, which leads to the qualification of "Registered
Technologist", the nationally recognized qualification for employment in a
medical laboratory.
For information: Medical Laboratory Technology
BCIT, 3700 Willingdon Avenue
Burnaby, B.C. V5G 3H2        (604) 432-8831
VISIT BCIT's OPEN HOUSE APRIL 6, 7 & 8
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March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/7 ATTENTION
Graduating Students
Nominations are now being received for students
to speak at the 1990 Convocation Ceremonies.
One student will be selected for each of the eight
ceremonies, from the faculties represented at those
ceremonies (May 29 to June 1, morning and afternoon).
Candidates must be graduating students and will
be selected on the basis of the following factors:
• academic standing
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will be made by April 15th.
Questions may be directed to the Grad Class Council.
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FEATUlig |
Natives battle stereotypes
by Andrew Boyle
Native Indians have a suicide
rate 7.5 times the national average;
a life expectancy ten years below
the average in B.C.; an infant
mortality rate 2.2 times the national average; form about 60 per
cent of B.C.'s prison population
(but only about 4 per cent of the
total population); more than two
thirds live in crowded conditions
(more than one person per room)
while only two per cent ofthe general population does.
The Native Courtworkers and
Counselling Association helps
Natives with drug- and alcohol-
related problems. People come in
voluntarily or are referred by police, churches, employers or detox
centers. They are given one-on-
one counselling and/or sent elsewhere for treatment, most commonly to Alcoholics Anonymous.
Many of the counsellors, including three who agreed to be
interviewed, are alcoholics themselves. Gilbert, Archie, and Tina
agree that having been there
themselves is an advantage in
dealing with people with alcohol
problems.
They remember a university
counsellor who could not relate to
the people who came in for counselling.
Although neither Archie, 43,
or Tina, 41, have had a drink for
years they still refer to themselves
as "recovering not recovered alcoholics." Archie was an alcoholic for
20 years but has been dry for
seven.
Gilbert feels the higher alcohol stats among native Indians are
misleading. "Native alcoholics are
more visible because they are on
the street. Non-native alcoholics
often have jobs and live in good
neighborhoods." Native alcoholics
often tend to congregate in decaying inner cores of cities.
Tina and Archie feel alcoholism can be traced to a lack of self-
esteem, which starts for natives in
childhood. In their case, both lived
on reservations and went to white
catholic-run schools. Neither have
good memories of them. Archie
said the government, through the
Indian Affairs Department, wants
to keep natives powerless with the
reservation system.
Tina boarded at a residential
school and only saw her family on
holidays. She was not allowed to
speak her native language at
school. She feels natives should
have a choice what language they
are educated in.
Status natives get their education paid for only as long as they
stay on the reservation, she says.
Archie remembers being treated
as a "second class citizen," and
Tina recalls being physically
abused on occasion. Classes were
overcrowded, and bright students
were treated like all the rest—as
ignorant wards of the state. Both
were always aware of being Indians. Tina feels such schools "program Indians to fail."
In fact, not all status Indians
get their education paid for. Reserves have limited budgets for
education, and in recent years
Indian Affairs has cut back fund
ing.
In many cases, it is cheaper
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8/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 FEATURE
Natives cont.
for the government to have Indians living on reserves. If an Indian
lives off a reserve, the government
pays them $450 per month, but if
they live on the reservation, they
receive only $300.
Archie has spent some time in
jail, and said that at the time it
was preferable to living on the
reservation, "because it was one of
the few places I was treated as an
equal."
Tina told of a friend who
commits crimes regularly so he
can be taken care of in jail.
Archie said he still encounters racism on occasion. For instance, recently he sat down beside a woman on the bus who was
carrying some packages and she
moved away from him.
Both said self government
would help, but so far the Sechelt
band is the only one in B.C. to be
granted self-government privilege. Archie said most Natives
prefer not to be on welfare, but
often give up and conform to society's drunken Indian stereotype.
Beverly Scow is president of
the Native Indian students association at UBC. She wants more
natives to go on to post-secondary
education. Although many status
Indians have their post-secondary
education paid for, Scow dislikes
the term 'free education,' as it
shoul d be is part of terms agreed to
in treaties.
"The Indians who were here
before white settlers were willing
to co-exist with them, but the
whites didn't want them to and
created the reservation system,"
said Scow. "The treaties were
compensation for their way of life
(trapping, hunting and fishing)
being taken away."
Scow said the reasons given
by the government for outlawing
hunting and trapping were environmental. Scow said this is ironic
coming from white people. But
now that their original way of life
is gone, "they have to find their
way in the white world, and should
be given the education to get along
in it."
Although post-secondary
education is not specifically men
tioned in treaties, the government
has that responsibility, she said.
She agreed with Archie and
Tina that natives have been "socialized to accept achieving less
than whites."
"The government doesn't
want natives getting educated and
asserting themselves."
Scowsaidonly 1.63 percentof
the total Aboriginal population
attends university in Canada. The
national average of non-native
students is almost twice that.
"They want to keep us dependent as; wards of the state.
Welfare is a way of buying us off,"
she said. "It is also cheaper than
educating people."
"The "apart hate' system in
South Africa is modelled upon the
Canadian Indian Act which is still
in place in Canada today," said
Scow.
She referred to natives as "the
poorest ofthe poor." She provided
the following statistics: the unemployment rate among natives is 35
per cent and as high as 90 percent
in some areas; only 20 per cent of
native children complete grade 12,
compared to 75 per cent for other
Canadians; native incomes are
only 50 per cent of the national
average, or less.
Despite such bleak figures,
there is reason for optimism. Scow
points to UBC Law School's special program for natives, which
has 25 students enrolled. She said
itis important natives get into the
professions such as law so they can
effect changes to the system.
And Gilbert, Archie and Tina
are putting their experience via
the school of hard knocks to use,
showing natives that failure,
though expected by society, is not
inevitable.
Their stories are proof of it.
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March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/9 NEWS
Stop the banks; feed the people
by Esther Besel
1 can of soup
1 can of vegetables
1 can of fruit
Day-old bread
Eggs or meat
Potatoes or carrots
Could your family live on this
for a week?
Many families are forced to do
just this.
Because of skyrocketing rents
and the high cost of living, many
families do not have enough
money left over to buy food. They
end up supplementing their meager incomes with food from the
Food Bank.
"The bag of food only lasts a
day or two. It doesn't solve their
food problem for the week," said
Paul Whitehouse, executive assistant and one of the few paid staff
members ofthe Food Bank. White-
house said the Food Bank gives
out bags to 2800-3000 families per
week.
Food is distributed from six
depots on Wednesdays from
11:00a.m. to 12:00 p.m.
Whitehouse said the hunger
problem is the result of both society and, primarily, the government policies.
"The minimum wage needs to
increase and the welfare payments need to increase to meet the
high cost of living," said White-
house. "The problem is not going
away."
"The Food Bank is only a
short-term solution. It was never
developed to be an institution
because it doesn't provide what
people need."
"Not only does the Food Bank
hand out food, but we are there to
point out all these problems," he
said.
The government does not give
money to the Food Bank. "If they
were to admit food banks were
necessary they would be admitting the minimum wage wasn't
high enough and that the welfare
rates weren't high enough," said
Whitehouse. "For that reason,
they don't support us."
"There are
a lot of people
that aren't
benefitting
from the economy and the
wealth in this
city," said
Whitehouse.
"The
Food Bank was
started in 1982
and at that
time it was due
to the recession
and a lot of
people were out
of work. Nowin
1990 the Food
Bank is still
here, but the
demand has
changed."
White-
house said
most of the
people coming
to the food
bank are the
working poor—
people that
have or could
have jobs but
can't support
their families
and pay rising
rents at the
same      time.
Eighty-eight percent of people
coming to the Food Bank are on
welfare.
"We are seeing an increase in
single parents coming in," said
Whitehouse. "Most are between
the ages of 20 and 30, and I'd say
99 per cent of the single parents
coming in are women."
To meet the demand, the Food
Bank now has two depots specifically for single parent families.
"These depots are smaller and you
do have to pre-register for them,"
said Whitehouse. "They are also
quite nice in that not only do they
Volunteer workers sorting food at the Food Bank
have food but free clothing, childcare and a coffee room as well."
For the working poor, the
Food Bank is looking into providing a food bag pick-up at night.
People could pick up their bags on
the way home from work instead of
lining up for the 11:00a.m.
Wednesday pick-up.
Whitehouse said the Food
Bank tries to eliminate any embarrassment people might feel
when picking up their food.
"People register when they are
there, but they don't need to prove
why they are there."
White-
house estimated only
three per cent
of the people
visiting the
Food Bank
don't need to
come. "Our efforts are based
on the vast majority that
need it." he
said. "We are
seeing more
homeless
people and we
used to require
ID with your
address on it,
but with
people that are
obviously
homeless we
just give the
food to them.7*
He said
there are much
more homeless
people in Vancouver than
most cities in
Canada, a result of both the
climate and geography. "If
you are homeless it is much
easier to live in
Vancouver
than in Winnipeg."
Whitehouse believes there
are a lot of people that need food
from the Food Bank but can't get to
it. "We try and make it as accessible as possible, but some people
can't get out of their homes. We
don't do home deliveries," he said.
"There are the elderly that are too
frail to stand in line, as well as the
handicapped that just can't make
it to the Food Bank."
Some ofthe Food Bank recipients volunteer to help out with the
distribution of food, collecting,
sorting and bagging the food and
getting it to distribution depot
where they distribute it to the
individuals in line. Altogether,
there are over 200 such volunteers
working for the food bank.
"If it weren't for the volunteers, there wouldn't be a Food
Bank," said Whitehouse. The nonprofit organization only has five or
six paid employees throughout
Vancouver.
Whitehouse also stressed the
Food Bank would not exist without donations. "The major source
of donations are from individuals,
company groups, and university
groups. We rely on whatever is
donated."
Non-perishable items make
up most ofthe donations, acquired
through collection boxes and companies. They are brought to a central warehouse where they are
sorted along with the perishable
items. The non-perishables are
brown-bagged at the warehouse,
and the perishables (such as
bread, meat and eggs) are either
refrigerated or frozen until distribution. Meat, eggs and fresh vegetables are purchased with money
donated. When the bags are ready
for pick-up, they are allocated to
the six distribution centres in
Vancouver and given out to individuals.
Whitehouse said the Food
Bank has no problem getting donations, but could always use
more. "It's mainly a question of
hearing about us—once people
hear about us they are willing to
donate."
"As long as there is a supply of
food and as long as individuals
support us and as long as there is
a need, there will be a Food Bank,"
said Whitehouse.
Chinatown retains own flavour
Mr. Chu.
DAVID LOH PHOTO
by Carol Hui
Robert Wong drives his brand
new Mercedes-Benz down Pender
Street. "It's best in the summer
watching the people on the
crowded street sweat with your
windows up and the air-conditioning blasting."
The juxtaposition of the very
rich and the very poor characterizes the Chinese community in
Vancouver.
Rich Hong Kong immigrants
have been portrayed as the culprits of rising housing prices and
immigration line-ups. The media
amplification of the wealthy Chinese has rendered poor Chinese-
Canadians invisible.
The Chinatown region is one
of the seven inner city districts
acknowledged by the Vancouver
School Board. Noel Harron, the
principal of Strathcona Elementary School, in the heart of Chinatown recognizes economic difficulties and language barriers as the
largest obstacles for his students
to overcome.
"About 85 to 90 per cent of our
students enter the school system
with deficiencies in English. Many
of them are born in Canada but
speak only Cantonese or Mandarin at home. They have no previous exposure to English because
their parents often have poor
English skills. The parents work,
hard for long hours, not having
enough free time to learn a new
language," explained Noel Harron.
Harron quickly dismissed the
notion that Chinatown is an ethnic
ghetto. "It's a community rich in
heritage and striving in commerce
and business. The extended family
network creates stability for the
families here. Chinatown embodies the spirit of the multiculturalism Canada is so proud of."
Owner ofthe Hong Kong Cafe,
Vernon Lum agrees Chinatown
has great community spirit. "Most
older folks prefer living in this
area because they have friends
and acquaintances here, and they
know their way around here."
Lum boasts a long history in
this community. His cafe has been
in the family for over 50 years. "I
was actually born on this premise,
before this became a coffee shop, it
was my family's home."
He recalls what it was like
growing up in this area.
"Prior to World War Two, there
were about 50 per cent Japanese
and 35 per cent Chinese in this
neighbourhood. When I graduated
from high school during the war,
there were no Japanese boys because they were all placed in internment camps. The teachers
had jobs lined up for all the white
boys, but us Chinese were left on
our own. Basically, our only options were in Chinatown."
For older immigrants wanting employment, Chinatown is
their only option. "Once you reach
a certain age, it's hard to learn a
new language. The boss is a good
man. He helps out new immigrants by giving them jobs," Mr.
Chu, an employee of the cafe
stated.
May Lai isa home seamstress
working in her small apartment
on Campbell Street. She works at
home so she can look after her
grandchildren when they get out
of school. She recognizes that her
wages by the pieces is probably
lower than minimal. "But every bit
of extra money helps, you know,"
she rationalized.
"The majority of the Chinese
are not that well off. It's just that
the rich makes themselves more
visible," Lum added. Robert Wong
cruising in his Mercedes is an
alien in this neighbourhood. Chinatown is perhaps a community
not linked so much by ethnic
bounds than economic alliances.
An older Caucasian man sitting in the Hong Kong Cafe commented, "I don't feel alienated not
being able to speak Chinese. I
come here everyday and it feels
like home with this fellow serving
me. I've got to like it here, it's
where I live."
10/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 WAmw
East Hastings' bars and booze:
Getting to the bottom of it all
by Steve Conrad
—Cookware? Socks? Chocolate covered
almonds? An ambling vendor waved around
a crumpled pamphlet extolling the virtues
ofthe casserole dish he was trying to hock.
None of us were too responsive. However, another patron gave a nibble. Could he
have the vendors' phone number and call
them tomorrow?
—Well, we don't normally like to give
out our phone because....
No reason was forthcoming. How could
he delicately explain that all this stuff was
hot?
Even on the off chance these guys were
legitimate dealers of nuts, socks and bowls,
there was a third world-like desperation in
a business venture so ill-conceived. Even if
these junkmongers were to happen upon a
buyer looking for a new casserole dish, a
tavern at 6:00 p.m. seems a poor place to
make the deal.
The Astoria is actually an okay bar for
those who like to have a few games of pool
while a singer with a guitar and a drum
machine churns out rock and country classics. When compared to the rougher bars to
the west along East Hastings, it doesn't
have the same appeal for the thrill seeking
amateur sociologist. Being downscale but
friendly, it makes an excellent spot to begin
a walking tour of the strip.
But today there was no music. The juke
box was broken and the entertainment had
not yet started.
I saw Jim Green of the Downtown
Eastside Residents' Association, recognizing him from previous visits to the Astoria.
Earlier this week, I had tried to contact him
in connection with this story.
DERA has instituted a downtown deposit program to help alleviate some of the
problemsarisingon "Welfare Wednesdays,"
when all of the month's income assistance
cheques come out. It is felt that the incidents of theft and lost cheques can be reduced if those on assistance are encouraged
to open bank accounts.
"Opening a bank account can be the
first step in learning to use community
services," said Jim Green in a November
press release.
On the one day a month the recipients
actually have a fair amount of cash on hand,
things can get a little raucous along the
East Hastings strip.
"They're spilling all over the streets,
drunk, stabbing each other and starting
fights," Constable Bob Cooper of the Vancouver Cops media relations office told me
earlier in the week. "Then they come and
make bogus robbery reports and get all
their money back."
There is hardly any point trying to
wisely manage an amount of money so
hopelessly inadequate. Nonetheless, the
downtown deposit program must do a lot to
moderate the "Welfare Wednesday" madness.
Jim Green came over to talk with us.
—My friends, who are deaf, were wondering why you guys started coming here.
He seemed more confrontational than
chatty.
It was explained that lately we had
been drawn there by the cheap beer, available pool table and casual atmosphere.
But Jim was not interested making any
more small talk. In no time he was back at
his table gabbing away in sign language,
relaying the requested information to his
deaf friends.
This didn't strike me as a good time to
try for an interview.
IN upscale Kitsilano bars, customers
go out for a drink hoping to meet that
certain someone; on skidrow, people go to
bars to get some privacy. Anyone with a
beverage in front of them can lay claim to
their very own table. This brief reprieve
from ahotel room with paperthin walls and
peeling paint is as much solitude as many
people can afford.
Over by the Patricia pool table, people
were sitting in groups and socializing, but
up near the band every table except ours
had but a single male occupant. One was
slumped back asleep with a glass and a half
of draught going flat in front of him. These
people had with them no reading material
or other source of diversion—except for
their drinks.
One fellow across the aisle kept stick
ing out his tongue at us while holding its tip
between his fingers. After doing this for a
while, he would crack out laughing. Did this
behavior have some hidden meaning or did
he just like to touch his tongue?
Eventually the tongue-toucher came
over for a visit. He babbled away unintelligibly but cheerfully. Unable to make out a
word of the burble, I feigned vague agreement with whatever it was he meant to say.
I hope it wasn't a lewd sexual proposition.
Upon making out that the guy was from
Newfoundland, one of my drinking buddies
volunteered to tell him a Newfy joke. There
are some who contend Newfoundlanders
genuinely enjoy Newfy jokes.
—I gotta cousin from Newfoundland
just moved to Toronto, eh?
—What's's name?
My friend was only briefly put off by
this spurious question.
—Jim MacDougall, he invented.
—I fuckin' know the guy.
—Do you? Well anyway, Jim writes his
grandmother from Toronto 'n' he says Dear
Grandma, everything's great in Toronto. I
grew a foot since I seen ya.
—He owes me fifty bucks, Jim does.
—Does he really? So at Christmas time,
Jim's grandmother sends him three
socks....Right? Grew a foot? Get it? ....She
thought he grew an extra foot so she sent
him an extra sock?
Although the fellow had earlier been
laughing hysterically for no apparent reason, my companion's punchline failed to get
DON MAH PHOTO
a rise out of him. Maybe it was the delivery
or perhaps the guy was just; a little concerned about his $50.
—Ifyou see Jim, tell him to send me
that money.
In the press releases the ministry of
social services se nt me, I had read boasts of
2000 people being put off of the welfare rolls
each month.
"I am convinced that the sharper decline is due, at least in part, to the letters
sent to 49,000 employable welfare recipients reminding them that they had to look
for work," announced social services and
housing minister Claude Richmond in an
October press release.
The ministry offers courses in writing
resumes and presenting yourself at job
interviews. There is a subsidized job creation program called Employment Plus.
Still, to look at this fellow playing with
his tongue and laughing, I had to wonder if
things were really as good as the press
releases let on. Even if he were to learn how
to write a resume, he probably wouldn't
have much to put in one.
FROM the Balmoral, I remember no
conversation. The soundscape was
blanketed in a tangled mat of greasy rock.
No conversation was possible except at the
closest of quarters. Such merit; as the band's
efforts may have had was lost in the obnoxious sound quality of the room.
At the door, an older but still mean
looking waiter in a shirt and black vest
straddled the entranceway—not blocking
our passage, just checking us out. In a place
like that, a black vest and a white shirt
really make a fellow look like somebody
important.
He was probably in the last of his fifties
but still fit. Not a jogging kind of fit—more
like a punching people in the stomach kind
of fit.
We ordered with hand signals. Some
glasses of less than frosty draught were
slapped down hurriedly. The waiter didn't
waste much time waiting for a tip.
The crowd gave off much worse vibes
than anywhere we'd been previously.
Tough and aloof with scarred faces and
ripped clothes. The lights were cranked up
uncomfortably high, presumably to keep so
many fights from breaking out. There
wasn't a whole lot of eye contact passing
around the room.
Since this bar was currently under
investigation by the police, the staff weren't
too likely to want to chat up a reporter. I
took some photos instead.
After a while, a waiter told me to put m)'
camera away. It was against the law taking
pictures in here, he said.
We headed out onto the street, through
a crowd of suspiciously inactive loiterers,
apparently scheming up some way to get
another drink.
There were plenty of passed out drunks
in the doorways along Hastings.
These days drunks are just taken to
Vancouver Detox instead of jail, except for
the 5-10% that Detox rejects for being too
violent.
"We only keep them until they're able to
care for themselves or they're sober," Dianne Wenham ofthe Detox had told me. "If
they choose not to stay we have no legal
authority to keep them."
While alcohol is the overwhelming favourite of Detox patients, Dianne also had
mentioned drugs like benzodiazepines (lib-
rium, Valium etc.) and ice (crystalized
metheamphetamine or speed) as making up
a heavy part of her case load.
"Some people want to escape the every
day life more than others," she said.
ALMOST as soon as we entered the
Sunrise, a fight broke out. A couple of
guys were punching it out with sloppy
drunken blows. On the floor beside the
broken pool table, there was plenty of room
for rolling around.
The situation was soon contained by a
very large and hard looking guy. He approached the task with military efficiency
and the offenders were ejected with a minimum of fuss. Fights were nothing new
around there.
After getting a coffee in a high ball
glass, I went over to speak with the bouncer.
His name was Brian. He didn't really
work in the bar; he just helped out sometimes.
—You gotta let them get in a few
punches before you break it up, he explained. Welcome to the Sunrise. If you
have any problems let me know. You're on
the strip so be careful-. Watch what's happening around you. I can't be everywhere at
once.
Brian took evident pleasure in making
the bar as safe as he could. Although the
crowd was about as rough looking as in the
Balmoral, the Sunrise felt a little safer,
so we stayed for two drinks before heading
out.
Compared to the Sunrise or the Balmoral, the Columbia seemed like more of a
neighbourhood pub. Unfortunately, it is in a
very bad neighbourhood.
The park at the corner of Columbia and
Hastings is a reliable place to make a bad
drug deal. Some pretty seedy folks hang out
there, fleecing those who know no better
place to score.
Not surprisingly, the neighbours frequently pop down the block for a drink at the
Columbia. Before I could get a beer, I was
approached to buy drugs.
—You guys looking for anything?
—Not really, what have you got? Any
hash?
—Coke. Stuff. That's all.
I passed on that.
The crowd in the Colombia looked more
strung-out than drunk. Skinny, wide eyed
people ate fries with ketchup. Still, there
weren't too many people drinking alone.
March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/11 NEW STORE OPENING 1990!
Rupert Streei Grandview Highway is the location of the new Superstore preparing to open.
We are now accepting applications for this new location.
-* no experience necessary, training provided
-» $6.50-8.00/hr.. entry, with future potential to $16.40/h_
—♦ regular increases, based on hours worked
-* a flexible schedule to meet your needs
—* many early morning and day positions available
It takes motivation, dedication, energy and enthusiasm to join the team. PA entry positions open
the door to full time supervisory opportunities.
Drop of an application at customer service during business hours at the following locations:
—» Eaton Centre, Metrotown
-> 350 S.W. Marine Drive
-* Lougheed Hwy. at Schoolhousc, Coquitlam
OR
APPLY NOW IN PERSON:
The Employment Office
2774 Broadway
1/2 Block West of Renfrew
Monday to Friday 9:00 am to 5:00 pm
_i^ the real Canadian *■
Superstore
*r
THE WEALTH Of THE
„™
APPLY NOW!
SUB OFFICE SPACE,
LOCKERS &
PARKING SPACES
All AMS Clubs and Service Organizations
may apply for the above in the Student
Union Building. Application forms and
information available at SUB 238.
Deadline: Friday, March 30, 1990.
Due to limited space,
late applications will
not be accepted.
W
IIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIII Ill lllllllllll
APPLICATIONS FOR FIVE POSITIONS ON THE 1990-1991
AMS ART GALLERY
COMMITTEE
-*
...ARE NOW BEING ACCEPTED
The Committee provides an opportunity for UBC student artists to display their work and to bring UBC
students in contact with contemporary Canadian works
of art. The purpose of the Committee is to ensure that the
AMS Art Collection is properly maintained, and utilized,
and that Art Gallery policies are implemented.
These positions are open to UBC students. Application forms are now available from the AMS Executive
Secretary in SUB room 238.
Applications must be returned by
4p.m., Friday, March 23, 1990.
1
frill IIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIHII lllllllllll if
HARD-EDGE
ABSTRACTION
Selections from the
AMS Art Collection
March 12 - 23, 1990
AMS Art Gallery
University of British Columbia
SUB Main Floor
Opening March 12, 7 - 10 pm
10 - 4 daily, closed weekends.
This song is Guthrie's song
by B. Twain
"This land is your land, this land is my land" is
as familiar to most Americans and Canadians as
our national anthems.
How could a roaming hobo like Woody Guthrie
make it on North America's top ten ofthe twentieth
century, while competing with today's invasion of
mass media, MTV and the big business commercialization of folk and country music?
Perhaps the test of time reveals whether a
singer sings from the heart or just pretends to.
Woody Guthrie was seen and heard as a hero - not
a commodity.
"Gather round me children, a story I will tell,
"bout Pretty Boy Floyd the outlaw, Oklahoma knew
him well." These words typify the introductions to
the sort of ballads that made Woody Guthrie famous. In this song, he tells the story of a twentieth
century Robin Hood. He was an outlaw who came to
the aid ofthe poor share croppers who were having
their mortgages foreclosed by the Oklahoma banks
during the great depression.
Pretty Boy Floyd was a bank robber. He gave
his proceeds to these farmers, who would in turn
give it back to the banks as mortgage payments.
But the more he became a folk hero and a friend to
the poor, the more he became a wanted criminal.
"He fled to the hills and mountains to live a life of
shame, while every crime in Oklahoma was added
to his name."
A common thread in Woody Guthrie's words
was always an attack on the "establishment." But
no one could say he did it to sell records. Likewise,
no one can say he attacked the establishment,
simply for the sake of attacking the establishment.
The problems he saw and felt in his ramblings were
real: hunger, murder and exploitation on a grand
scale.
Later in this ballad, Woody sings, "It was in the
town of Shawney, it was on a Christmas Day, there
come a whole car load of groceries with a letter that
did say: 'so you say that I'm an outlaw, you say that
I'm a thief; well here's a Christmas dinner for the
families of relief.'"
At the end ofthe ballad, Woody Guthrie wraps
it up with a line, that would later be borrowed by
Bob Dylan: "Around this world I've travelled and
I've seen many funny men. Some will rob you with
a six gun—and some with a fountain pen."
Woody Guthrie sang on behalf of all of us.
Although he sang for the poor and the hungry in the
1930's, the spirit in his music is timeless. So his long
term effect is without bounds. His witicisms can be
applied to the 1990's; but if it wasn't for singers and
heroes like Woody Guthrie, we would still be in the
1930's.
Do humanity a favour and teach your children
to sing This Land Is Your Land - preferably on an old
beat up guitar with a broken string.
History of Afro -American music
by Carol Hui
Music is the universal medium of expression for
the poor. The music of Afro-Americans, for example,
has had great impact. Very few written documents
exist recording the lives of black slaves because
most of them were illiterate, yet the experience of
these people is immortalized in song.
"Do Lord, do remember me, way beyond the
blue" seems a common cry for slaves struggling to
find release from daily atrocities.
Poor conditions for blacks in America did not
disapear after slavery was abolished. Southern
prisons were occupied predominantly by blacks,
whether their crime were justified or not. Huddie
Ledbetter, known as "Leadbelly" was incarcerated
between 1918-1925 for murder but still produced
great ballads.
"There was music in Southern prisons, especially among the black inmates. Leadbelly's broad
repertoire of folk songs, ballads, spirituals and the
blues were preserved there," the jacket of "A Tribute
to Leadbelly" explains.
In contemporary American society, music for
blacks is still an important medium for expressing
their anger and the sense of injustice they face. Rap,
developed by black youths, is a positive aspect of
urban ghetto culture, in contrast to the crimes,
drugs, and violence that is usually associated with
black youths.
"I've been to jail more times than you have
probably been in school. Shot at, shot back, hit, and
seen my buddies killed. That's the foundation upon
the raps of Ice-T are built!" from the song "Power" by
Ice-T.
Black music is more than entertainment, it is
the oral history of Afro-Americans.
Living in the street: the art of finding groceries.
DON MAH PHOTO
12/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 THE ARTS
Evocative art experiences on poverty pain
by Chung Wong
Roger and Me
This film has the rudiments of
wild controversy, but because of
its biting revelations, which do not
kindly portray everyday attitudes
ofthe financially privileged—
us—it has kept a low profile.
Nations in South America
where there are blatantly visible
class systems will break the
strings in your heart upon sight of
the indifference and gluttony of
the rich coexisting with the severely deprived. It is rare we are a
placed within an equivalent experience^—only this time—it focuses
on our society and reveals that we
are the culprits.
Director Michael Moore violently juxtaposes with poetic justice everyday scenes in the sheltered lives ofthe financially stable
with the realities ofthe struggling.
The story takes place in Flint,
Michigan. General Motors has
decided to shutdown its hometown
plants and replace them with
plants in Mexico. 35,000 people
are laid off.
"The story takes place
in Flint, Michigan.
General Motors has
decided to shut down
its home town plants
and replace them with
plants in Mexico.
35,000 people are
laid off."
Michael Moore goes to great
lengths to meet Roger Smith, the
president of General Motors, in
order to bring him to Flint. The
film includes shots of Moore, the
son of an auto worker, daringly
filtering through private luxury
circles in pursuit of Smith. Interspersed are scenes of an economically sick city—Flint—where we
find the sheriff of Flint continually
evicting people form their homes.
"I just want something I can
call my own," cries a young father
evictee and former GM worker.
"Ifs my joi)—I can't do anything about it," the sheriff repeats
again and again. With the exception of Christmas Day he has been
evicting people daily.
The effects of the plant closure in Flint is of no consequence
to a corporation—that is the nature of a corporation, explains a
GM lobbyist in Flint.
Meanwhile, the city continues
to die. To increase its prosperity,
Flint builds a Hyatt Regency Hotel with the hope of creating tourism—but it fails and closes down.
Ironically,, a new building is
erected and looks even better than
the Hyatt. Only this time the customers are guaranteed. With the
diminishing job market, a boom
has erupted in the crime industry,
and Flint now proudly welcomes
its new city jail. To kick off its
opening, a benefit is held for the
city at the jail. For 100 dollars,
town folk can be a part of the Jail-
house Rock Party and spend the
night in jail before anyone else can
officially use it.
Outside, in a city parade, we
are appalled when Miss Michigan
responds, "All I can say is just
cross your fingers and hope I win
(the Miss Universe pageant),"
when Moore asks, "Do you have
anything to say to Flint?"
By the end ofthe movie we are
appalled at even the sight of a well
dressed Christmas Choir—we are
appalled at our own sheltered
privileges.
The Ecstasy of Rita Joe
Ecstasy of Rita Joe is a story
about being raped of all societal
privileges. Only, for Rita Joe,
there were not many to begin with.
Rita Joe grew up on a Native
Indian reservation, but finds life
too restricting and moves into the
city.
A priest, aware ofthe realities
facing Rita Joe, contradicts his
role by urging her to not leave the
reservation. He claims that on the
reservation she has everything,
but in the city, she will not make it.
There are strong hints she will not
be able to get a job because of the
stereotyping she will encounter.
She is also torn between the
modern outlook of Jaimie, a passionate struggling Native youth,
and her culture preserving father.
She is trapped in a life where each
route she can take will only lead to
a spiritual death as a human
being. Throughout the play a revolving scenes depict contradictory aspects of her life circle
around Rita Joe, illuminating her
psychological horror.
Contrary to tradition, the actors and actresses go out of character when their scene is over, adding to the tragedy that this actual
mirror reality is only an act.
A guitarist is placed at in the
pit before the stage singing of
human rights but in the play she is
but  a   transient  figure   having
"limited concern and understanding of an ethnic dilemma." Her
words, though in different context
are strong, become vain and empty
before the scenes unraveling before her. Physically unconnected
to the scenes, the play succeeds in
portraying her as an incongruous
element. Her role symbolizes the
privileged human rights activist.
Her closest friend is Jaimie, a
volatile impassioned youth.
The social worker is unable to
deal with the scathing truths
Jaimie presents to him through
his anger. This social worker's
attitude, he feels, does not reveal
knowledge of his problem or consideration of his dignity. "They all
don't know what it's like to want
and not have," he shouts.
In one scene, he confronts the
audience in defiance and shouts,
"Do you think I'm a drunken Indian?!"
The play is confrontational
and invokes us to question the
consequences our current role in
society's machinery.
Rita Joe is charged with vagrancy. She appears aloof to the
court when her mind wanders off
to the images of her people. Her
assaulters, though they are not
revealed as such in court, are let
off. In the end, she is raped by
these men. Off to the side on a
circle ramp, the priest is heard
saying, "A confession Rita Joe..."
This is her ecstasy.
She calls for Jaimie but he is
already dead. Eventually she is
also killed. After she is dead, she is
raped again before the last man
leaves.
What makes this play most
acrid to our conscience is that it
takes place in Vancouver, B.C.
DON MAH PHOTOS
March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/13 srotns
7 Days    =    .
DISCOVER THE
COMPETITION
a week |_r|=_|s low low prices
M-Th 8-9    s=sss =s_r     ,
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Sat-Sun    =ts= s^. .
n-8 f=?5=r=-s laser printing
UNIVERSITY VILLAGE 2ND FLOOR 2174 W. PARKWAY, VANCOUVER, B.C. PHONE (604) 224-6225
Friday Evenings
at the Fireside Lounge
Sports Quizz and
Pool Tournament
Prize for 1st Place
March 9th, 6:00 pm
Open Stage Talent
The Last Hurrah
March 16th, 6:00 pm
Fireside Lounge Hours:
Mon. - Thurs; 3;00 -11:00 pm
Friday  3:00 pm-1:00 am
Everyone Welcome!
Graduate Student Centre
U.B.C. Faculty of Dentistry
Department of Clinical Dental Sciences
Request for paid volunteers
re mouthrinsing study
Healthy M/F volunteers (18-55) required for a
mouthrinsing study. Participants must have a minimum
of 20 sound natural teeth. Individuals with orthodontic
braces, large cavities or advanced gum disease are not
suitable.
This study involves a six month, Monday to Friday
supervised mouthrinsing program with oral examinations undertaken at the start of the study and again at
three months and six months later.
Participants will have their teeth cleaned at the start of
the study and, if desired, at the conclusion ofthe study.
There will be no charge for the tooth cleaning services
or examinations.
Participants will be offered $400.00 on completion of
full participation.
Please contact 228-4726.
TIME TO PARTY!
at
Every Wednesday is Student Night
free admission to the club with student ID
Rock with DAWN PATROL
932 GRANVILLE 684-7699 doors open 7pm, get here early
Make money and have fun. If you want to raise
money for your club, charity or team, the Roxy
has a great idea.
Call Blaine at 684-7699
Volley 'Birds bow out
by Wayne King
The UBC men's volleyball
team was in the driver's seat going
into the final weekend of Canada
West conference play only to crash
and burn, losing both matches to
the University of Alberta Golden
Bears.
"Our inability to finish teams
off when we had them down
plagued us throughout the season," declared UBC head coach
Dale Ohman. The T-Birds' season
got off to a fast start but fell apart
in the second half with a 3-9 record
down the stretch.
Friday's match with the
Bears was the ultimate example of
the T-Bird's inability to kick teams
when they had them down. UBC
opened strongly, winning the
opening game 17-15, but Alberta
bounced back to even the match at
a game a piece with a 15-11 victory. In the third game the T-Birds
took a commanding 13-6 lead and
with the victory would have taken
control ofthe match. It wasn't to be
though as Alberta rolled off 9
unanswered points to upset the T-
Birds and take control. With the
momentum on their side, Alberta
bore down and played tough in the
crunch, winning the fourth game
and taking the match 3-1.
T-Bird power hitter Dave
Farrell had a career match with 33
kills while middle blocker Bob
Smith recorded 9 digs in. a losing
cause.
"This group of guys seems to
lack that finishing touch," Ohman
said. "They work hard and never
give up. It's frustrating not being
able to finish teams off when we've
got them down."
Even with Friday's loss the T-
Birds were still in contention for
the Canada West play-offs and a
victory over Alberta in Saturday's
match would have landed the T-
Birds in second place in the toughest conference in Canada.
Alberta came out with a solid
effort and took the match three
games straight. After winning the
first game 15-11 Alberta got behind the eight ball in the second
BIRD BITS
Swim'Birds Quebec bound
The UBC varsity swim
team is off to Sherbrooke,
Quebec to compete in the
CIAU national championships from March 9-11. A total
of nine members of the team
qualified for the championships, including the top rated
women's 400 and 800 meter
relay team. Zottan Bako,
Carmen Boudreau, Allison
Gilbert, Sally Gilbert, Pam
Gray, Nancy Lovrinic, Tara
O'Hare, Ron Page and Rob
Traynor all exceeded CIAU
time standards and will represent UBC at Sherbrooke.
game as UBC jumped out to 12-6
lead. UBC blew another big lead
for the second night in a row as
Alberta scored 9 points in a row to
win game two and take a commanding lead in the match. In the
final game the T-Birds were annihilated 15-1 and their season was
over.
"It was frustrating not to
achieve our goal of making the
nationals," explained Ohman.
"We had a chance right down to the
last match of the season but got
away from our game plan and blew
two big leads."
On a positive note the T-Birds
placed three players on Canada
West all-star teams. Power hitter
Rob Hill was a unanimous choice
as a first team all-star while Farrell and first year playset hitter
Charles Hebert were selected to
the second team.
The Alberta victories combined with Saskatchewan's two
game sweep of Calgary leaves the
Golden Bears with a record of 9-7,
good enough for second place and a
berth in the national championships in Winnipeg March 15-17.
Bird Droppings:
The UBC women's squad
fared well in all star selections as
middle blocker Sarah Cepe-
liauskas, the nation's leading
blocker, and offside hitter Sonya
Wachowski were selected to the
first all-star team and middle
blocker Sarah Dunlop was a second team selection. First year
power hitter Jenny Rauh was a
unanimous choice as the Canada
West rookie of the year. The T-
Birds now travel to the CIAU
championships in Windsor March
9-10.
Dave Farrell looks on apprehensively as Rob Hill demonstrates a move
guaranteed to increase his chiropractor's bank account. The two T-Bird
stalwarts were recently named to Canada West all-star teams.
Ubyssey staff meeting    12:40 Wednesday
Women's Issue
• women interested in writing articles should
contact Franka at the Ubyssey office 241K SUB
or phone 228-2301
• special women's issue production night, Sunday Mar 11 noon on.
Regarding the copyright article that appeared in
The Ubyssey on Feb. 27, the BC rep for CARFAC
is Lori Goldberg tel 254-1966 Station F
PO Box 65931 Vacouver BC V5N 5L3
IHOT
■flashes
14/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 SPORTS
Tee'Birds swing with US clubs
by Matt Clarke
T-Bird head coach Harry
White is quietly developing the best
university golf program in
Canada.
For the last five years White
has been angling the team out of
its anonymity—a challenging task
considering there is no Canadian
West university division for golfers, and that they compete against
well-funded U.S. university
squads.
Not surprisingly, B.C. has
frequently lost players like Dave
Barr and Dick Zokol to wealthier
U.S. universities.
White, however, is determined to
make UBC a force to be reckoned
with by capitalizing on the campus' natural advantages: a well
developed course and practice facility, and the benefit of mild winters so his golfers can hone their
skills year-round.
The program received a boost
last year when White enli sted Barr,
now playing professionally, to help
coach the T-birds.
White, assistant coach Fred
Wellsby and managers Wally
Gourley and Alex Ratka also
received an unexpected gift last
year in the form of transplanted
Scotsman Dean Spriddle. Spriddle,
who is now doing graduate work in
physical education, was competing in the F.I.S.U. (World University) Championships in Sardinia,
Italy in 1988 when he met UBC
athletic director Bob Hindmarch,
who encouraged him to come to
UBC.
Spriddle placed second in the
individual category in the championships, no small feat but one that
fits right in with his many other
golfing exploits. Before coming to
Canada, Spriddle was junior champion of Scotland, as well as University Champion, match play champion, and stroke play champion in
the birth place of modern golf.
This year Spriddle, along with
team-mates Kendal Yonemoto and
team captain Gavin Reynolds, lead
the 12-man (as yet there are no
women on the team) UBC team as
they take on some ofthe best university teams on the West Coast
and overseas. And, unlike White's
years as a T-bird in the '60s, the
UBC players won't have to pay for
green fees.
The team's funding, a missing
ingredient in the past, has
improved tremendously in the five
years under White. White credits
the support and interest of UBC
athletic director Bob Hindmarch,
the standing welcome extended by
the University Golf Club, and the
work ofthe "UBC Thunderbird Golf
Society" which this year provided
$9500.00 for financial awards to
the players.
White hop*s these awards will
help keep B.C.'s top young golfers
from migrating south of the 49th
parallel to NCAA programs at
Arizona and Brigham Young
University.
White is also committed to up
the profile of golf in Canada. Currently there are 13 registered golf
teams in the CIAU. All of them
except UBC are in Ontario and
Quebec and there is no Canadian
University Championship held
annually.
The Thunderbird team hopes
to remedy this by hosting the
ambitious "1st Canadian University and International Invitational
Team Championship" next fall
from September 17-19.
White says he expects 24 five-man
teams from all over North
America, Japan, and hopefully
Europe.
The highlight on the team's
schedule for next fall is the World •
University Golf Championships in
Montpellier, France. Still to come
this spring are tournaments hosted
by Boise State University, Stanford, University of Oregon, and
Brigham Young.
Committee to Review Arts I
Call for Submissions
Sarah Cepeliauskas seeks success
by Wayne King
As she walks from the court
after losing the Canada West
championships, disappointment
is evident in her expression. But
knowing the determination of this
volleyball ace, she is anything but
defeated.
Sarah Cepeliauskas isn't a
household name in most students'
repertoires, but those versed with
university athletics know exactly
what this middle blocker is capable of.
Since coming to UBC, following a successful high school career
at Sutherland secondary in North
Vancouver which netted her a B.C.
championship in 1987, Sarah
stepped into the line-up as a
rookie, and hasn't looked back
since.
Enrolled in her second year of
arts, Sarah's interest outside the
volleyball court lies in working
with young people. "I've always
wanted to work with young kids,"
says Sarah. "Education or counselling, something along those
lines." Her educational interest in
family and political science should
fit right in with her plans.
"Coming to UBC seemed
natural to me being from the
Vancouver area," comments the
talented 19-year-old, who turned
down several lucrative American
scholarship offers to attend UBC.
"Most of my teammates from high
school were heading here and the
idea of still living at home while I
attended university appealed to
me."
Sarah credits her older sister
Lisa, an ex-national team member, for her interests in volleyball
and smiles as she remembers tagging along with "big sis" to her club
volleyball practices. "I must have
been a real pain in the butt following her to practice and all, but
that's where my interest and first
T-Bird middle blocker Sarah Cepeliauskas has been named a first -team
all-star in the Canda West conference. STEVE CHAN pH0TQ
experiences in the game stemmed
from."
Now the siblings go head-to-
head with Lisa playing for UBC
arch rivals, the University of Victoria.
"It's funny, during the game
we talk and kibitz back and forth
across the net," laughs UVic's
Lisa. "We're both fierce competitors and want to win, yet we still
remain really good friends."
"I can remember her as a
player in high school having great
potential and now that she has
advanced to this level I have the
utmost respect for her," continued
Lisa. "I always used to think of her
as younger but now with the level
she's playing at I consider her a
very capable equal."
In the stands ofthe championship game between Victoria and
UBC, an interested spectator
watches the match anxiously and
appears to be cheering for the play
of both teams. It is the pair's most
ardent fan—their mom. "She
cheers for both of us and want both
to do well," explains Sarah. "She's
great!"
"I cheer for the underdog but
naturally I want both of them to do
well," says Mrs. Cepeliauskas.
Considered by UBC head
coach Donna Baydock as "the glue
that holds the T-Bird volleyball
team together," Sarah has made
the transition to the university
level quite easily. After being selected an all-star and leading the
nation in blocking in her rookie
season she repeated that performance in her second season.
With a probable wildcard
berth in this year's CIAU championship tournament, she now has
the opportunity to take care of
another goal—to win the Canadian championship. "If we play
like we're capable of we can beat
anybody," Cepeliauskas explained
confidently. "We beat Victoria in
match two and they're the top
team in the nation, so anything
could happen."
As the T-Birds head to the
national championships, the stage
is set for a new star to rise to the
top in CIAU volleyball, without a
doubt Sarah Cepeliauskas has the
ability to be that star.
The Dean of Arts hasestablished a Committee to Review the
Arts I Program in terms of its value as an educational experience,
its objectives, performance, and opportunities for improvement.
The Committee has also been asked to consider the possibility
of creating a fourth year intensive liberal arts program, perhaps
named "Arts IV".
The Committtee invites submissions, formal or informal,
from any interested parties, and especially students and faculty
who have been, or are, participants in the Arts I program. Please
contact Dr. G. Egerton, Chair, Committee to Review Arts I,
History Department, University of British Columbia, (228-5166
or 228-2561).
SILKSCREENING
(1 week delivery on stock items)
OYE SPORTSWEAR & DESIGN
' T-SHIRTS    7.35 EACH
* SWEATSHIRTS    13.50 EACH
* POLO SHIRTS    13.95 EACH
PLUS MANY MORE STYLES ...
(Based on 25 units per style/design)
PRICE INCLUDES:  1 colour print, garments, set
up, screen & aiwork .... puff printing & flash cure-
ing (.33 extra) .... solid coloured fabrics may vary
in price ... additional colour printing by purtatton.
Call: (Ask for Kenneth) 875-6879
Monday - Saturday    .'...« ......   « K...
Open Saturdays/Sundays/Evenings by appointment
The University of British Columbia
Frederic Wood Theatre
• • • presents • • •
Herr Puntila and
His Man Matti
by Bertolt Brecht
part folk drama,
farce & political satire
Directed by Arne Zaslove
March 7-17
Special
Wednesday Preview - March 7
2 For the Price of 1 Regular
Admission
Matinees: Thursday,
March 15, 12:30 PM
Curtain : 8 pm
Box Office  •  Frederic Wood
Theatre  •  Room 207
Support Your Campus Theatre
>^
UBC Presents:
The 'Lighten Up' Dance
featuring OH YEAH!
March 9th, 1990
8 pm to 12 am
SUB Partyroom
Tickets are $5°° and on sale at the
AMS Box Office. Sorry, no minors.
NOTICE OF
HEARING
Take note that the Student Court will convene
Tuesday, March 6,1990, at 7:30 pm in SUB room 206
to decide the interpretation of Bylaw 12(5) with
regard to the honorarium due to Andrew Hicks.
Persons wishing to make submissions must contact
the Clerk of the Court, SUB 100A(228-4846),
before commencement of the hearing.
Jessica Mathers
Clerk of the Court
March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/15 OINSD
A shitty way to live
by Steve Conrad
The sun is beating down on
my face and it's really starting to
heat up in the truck. It's 10:00; I've
slept in past the end ofthe university swim. No shower this morn
ing.
Outside I can hear talking.
Looking up and out the window, I
can see an older man standing
outside a Jeep with Nevada plates.
He is drawling away cheerfully to
another man cleaning garbage
from the trunk of an old Skylark.
Both men seem to admire the
view. Their presence annoys me.
It's bad enough facing the day
from the back of a truck, even
without being caught in the act.
The whole reason for parking way
the hell out here on Marine Drive
is to avoid facing strangers when I
wake up.
I've been living in the back of
this truck for about three weeks
now. Already longer than I'd been
expecting to stay. The apartment
hunting hasn't been coming along
too well.
In general, motor vehicles are
not good places to live, but I can't
admit that this situation annoys
me because it's my own fault that
Fm here. Anyway, I've lived in
worse places. Roach infested
Mexican hotels, soggy tree-
planting tents, dirty houses with
obnoxious room mates—truck
dwellingisn't so bad. The trick is to
convince myself that going to UBC
is an adventure on a par with visiting a foreign country or roaming
the wilds of the BC interior.
When I was treeplanting,
many of my tent dwelling co-workers were a little jealous of my big,
dry Wagoneer. However, here in
Vancouver most people live in
buildings; consequently they
aren't so easily impressed.
Journalists are easily impressed, though. I've already had
two offers to go public with my
squalor—once from the CBC and
another time from MacLean's. Not
that I'd consi der accepting. Hardly
the way to make a splash in a new
town.
too much work to try to lie my way
around that one. When people find
out I don't have a home as such,
they usually drop the subject
abruptly, as though they'd asked
me how's it hanging, only to discover I'd recently lost a testicle to
cancer.
wagons, are further constricted by
the numerous vehicles heaped up
outside the the painted lines. My
power steering pump howls in
pain.
Briefly, I wonder if I too could
park in this brazen manner, but
eventually decide against it. The
drivers ofthe illegally parked cars
probably don't sleep in them. To
have your home impounded is a
pretty big risk to run.
Back to the gate togetout. Not
content merely to waste a few
minutes of my time, the belligerent barricade now has the nerve to
demand a quarter of me. I can't
find one. Bills and loons aplenty
but no quarters.
I haven't been awake long
enough to think reasonably in an
enraging situation like this. I feel
like smashing down the gate. I
push my grill against the barrier,
which flexes effortlessly.
It probably wouldn't even
scratch my paint....
The neighbours don't seem to
be taking much notice of me so I
get dressed and head out in search
of a parking spot.
The really shitty thing about
living in a truck is that I am
obliged to put in so many hours
behind the wheel trying to park.
Some waste their time watching
TV; I waste mine watching the
road.
At this time of day, most ofthe
cheap parking spots will be taken
already. I'm looking at an easy half
an hour before Fll find any way to
ditch the truck for the day for
under $5. The knapsacks permanently attatched to the backs of
many students are a source of
plenty of irritation; to be bound to
1700kg of metal is obviously a far
more serious problem.
When asked where I live (as
happens all too often in the chit
chat with new class mates) I freely
admit I live in a truck. It would be
I pull up to one of the B-lots.
10:30 already. Hardly worth looking, except the sign doesn't say
FULL and the gate opens to let me
through.
Not a space to be seen. Cars
everywhere. The narrow passageways of the lot, meant more for
compact cars than for bulky utility
On my own, I can't manage
such a co-operative cheat. How-,
ever, seeing those two students
sneek in to park in the aisle ways
cheers me up.
I dig through the back of the
truck in search of a quarter.
In Banff, when I piled all of my
stuff in back ofthe truck, it didn't
seem like much. A couple of bags of
clothes, some books, my camping
equipment, whatever tree-
planting gear I didn't bother to
throw out and a set of tools. Now, it
seems I have to examine each item
individually whenever I look for
something like this damn quarter
or a text book that suddenly goes
missing five minutes before class.
There isn't really enough room to
move this clutter around. It's like
I'm trying to toss salad in an undersized bowl.
There's a tire iron in my sleeping bag. For some reason, the tool
kit won't slide of of the pile of dirty
laundry. The whole mess reminds
me of one of those stupid puzzles I
never had the patience to finish as
a kid.
Eventually, I find a quarter in
a pair of dirty pants, and manage
to placate the B-lot.
Still, I'm not free ofthe vehicle
yet.
With time this gas guzzling
monstrosity comes to seem almost
like an extension of my body, much
to the detriment of my self image.
I become fat and rusty. I belch
smoke and ooze obnoxious fluids. I
make mysterious clunking
sounds.
I scour the free parking along
Marine Drive. I check out the spots
on Westbrook Mall.
A grassy knoll behind Gage
catches my eye.
Could I park there? Let's just
drive up on the grass and see.
Without slowing down, I pull
onto the lawn.
No, not much parking potential here, but i t's been fun checking
it out.
Squeezing between a couple of
landscaped trees, I resume my
place in the traffic. I realize that
what I have just done wasn't really
normal, so I decide to call off the
hunt and settle for parking in one
ofthe pull outs on University Blvd,
even though it means missing my
class.
No problem. Ill just go to the
Ponderosa annex for some more
accomodation listings and phone
them up from The Ubyssey .
MANDEL NGAN PHOTO
Death of Community
"Be it globally, nationally,
provincially, locally and even
domestically—our sense of community has been destroyed.*^
by Chung Wong
We are the private generation.
Private—with the characterization of everything it entails
when we see it on an iron gate or a
closed door.
We exclude others and are
unaware of them.
At best we are oblivious to
everything outside—at worse we
are degenerative and even destructive.
As our society progresses further and further into the 90's we
are becoming further encamped
within a compound of materialism—barricading us from the outside. Our predicament distracts us
from relationship development
between people—and knowledge
of our weak social network.
Our isolation from global
problems such as starvation, environmental hazards, and oppressive socio-political situations, exhibits the revealing. We do barely
anything—we do nothing—we
don't care. The poor will be poor.
People will starve. The world will
be polluted. People will suffer.
People will die.
Our loss of community sense
has desensitized us.
And still, there are no open
avenues to gain and cultivate
community.
Where do we go for community—what experiences exist in
our society so that we may gain a
sense of community? Where is the
initiative to be involved in community? Is it a religious assembly—
where we can't wait to get out? Or
perhaps it is the weekly—for some
biweekly—monthly or even annual—arena of sport where we
may all cheer in unity for something we all seem to understand.
Most of our social experiences are
seldom openly shared with the
strangers sitting around us—they
have been limited to becoming a
mere fill paid by cash.
Even gatherings have transformed from being community
oriented to opportunities for
status or individual consumption—they have become transient
experiences.
Despite having the obvious
flash before our souls, there is also
the ambiguous: The advance of
technology and our economy has
caused a further breakdown in
community at the domestic and
individual level.
There was once a time when
the living and dining room were
places for a family to be together.
When the television came we
started focusing on the TV instead
of each other. Now most houses
have more than one TV, so we
don't have to even be in the same
room. We don't need to learn how
to get along.
This isolation extends outward.
At home, we have our own
lawn mower, all the food we need,
a car (if not two or three). W e
don't care about toxic chemicals in
the rivers and seas—ours comes
out of a tap. We don't care about
landfill problems—our house is
clean. We don't care about labour
exploitation—our goods come in
packages.
Who are our neighbors? We
don't need to know. Our house
supplies our own needs.
If we have a car, we won't be
meeting anyone on the way to our
destination. On the bus, we don't
need to talk with anyone we don't
know, for soon we will be off of it.
On the sidewalk, we don't have to
talk or look at anyone we pass, for
soon we will be at work with our
"associates."
As children we learned a
communal peak is attained in
doing things together socially. As
adults, however, we can spend
money. Consumption has become
the base of our social lives—and it
can be done without being communal. Who is the person sitting in
front of you at the movie theatre?
We can get away without having to
know them. In fact, it will be
strange and awkward ifyou do try
to know them.
When you leave, you file out
with whom you came.
Strangely, however, in lower
income environments, there is
still a strong sense of community.
People communicate with people
and recognize each other as
people. Thisis notonly true locally
but also internationally. Countries with a lower level of materialism tend to have a stronger sense
of community.
Our campus will most likely
be for many of us the last stop
having any hint of community.
Afterward for many, time will either be spent alone, at work, at
home—or consuming.
Already we feel confusion
when we are called to confront an
issue such as poverty.
The poor have been mere
symbols. We don't have to know
about them because we don't have
to get along with them. But when
we do, we have problems because
we don't know how to deal with it.
We cannot say we truly understand them; we cannot be considerate. Our expectations, our
judgements, mislead us in our box.
There are injustices in Vancouver. There are misunderstandings, and myths about these injustices. But the time, the info
reaches our box, it is like the kids
game "telephone" whereby a message is passed from ear to ear until
the receiver announces it: the
truth gets distorted. We react and
are controlled by these distortions.
Or we decide we do not need to
react at all—we are safe and need
to be concerned only of the well-
being inside our box.
Our material shelter preserves and strengthens our indifference. And ironically, this box
which protects us uses the energy
and finances of the outside—
where it is not too well off.
16/THE UBYSSEY
March 6,1990 LETTERS/OPINION
Natives are
fighting back
First Nations students and
supporters continue to face legal
repercussions from their acts of
peaceful protest during the
Spring of 1989. One hundred and
twenty First Nations people face
criminal and mischief charges in
Thunderbay, Ottawa, Regina
and Saskatoon in the Spring of
1990. These people had to resort
to public protest to create awareness, and to fight for the survival
of their people. They are now
viewed and treated as criminals.
The criminal act in this case is the
institutionalized oppression of
the government, which is killing
First Nations people.
The horrific statistics which
reflect the tragedy of the First
Nations people's conditions, is an
ugly embarrassment for Canadian citizens. For a First Nations
person these statistics are an impersonal means
of reflecting the
tragic reality
and deep pain of
family and friends. During the
lobby campaign, one of the students had to go home to his village. His younger brother had
committed suicide. The pain and
despair of poverty at 50% below
the national average, the unemployment of 35-90%, the alcoholism, the infant mortality at 60%
higher than the national average, the suicide at 7.5 times
higher than the national average
is a reality close to home and
experienced by the First Nations
people, by the First Nations students.
By denying a greater part of
the First Nations people an access to a post-secondary education, the Federal government is
denying First Nations the opportunity to acquire the skills to
make economic and social
changes. The federal government is maintaining the status
quo, therefore the federal government is killing First Nations
people. This is criminal.
The First Nations Post-Secondary Education protest movement built up to a coast to coast
series of rallies, occupations and
marches on March 22,1989. That
day in Thunderbay, First Nations students began a hunger-
strike in an act of desperation to
be heard by the isolated ivory
towers of Brian Mulroney's office
in Ottawa. The hungerstrike
lasted 25 days for 12 Students,
and another 10 days for 4 students. Throughout the hunger-
strike, protest rallies and occupations of Indian and Northern
Affairs Canada (INAC) offices
across this land culminated in
over 400 charges on First Nations
students, chiefs, parents and
elders. Almost a year later, the
Federal Government of Canada
intends to proceed with formal
criminal charges of First Nations
students.
The bulk of the charges were
laid in Manitoba, as Indian village after village occupied Indian
and Northern Affairs offices resulting in 350 charges. These
charges were laid when First
Nations people occupying Federal offices refused to leave when
requested and were then removed by police officers.
In Saskatchewan, students
in Saskatoon and Regina occupied local Indian and Northern
Affairs offices which led up to
over 40 arrests. In Saskatoon,
Prof. Winnona Stephenson, Dolly
Pratt and 3 students chained
themselves in the INAC offices.
Along with 21 other students,
they are charged with mischief.
In Regina, about 20 students
were charged with mischief after
occupying the Regina INAC office.
In Ottawa on Friday April
14, hundreds of people occupied
the Headquarters of Indian and
Northern Affairs Canada. A
local drum group kept spirits up
as protesters conducted a peaceful Round Dance in the INAC
lobby. Is this criminal? How can
it be criminal to speak out or to
assert one's rights in a deaf,
closed system. Apparently it is
viewed as criminal, as sixty-six
First Nations peoples are
charged with "trespass".
The Hunger strikers from
Thunderbay face persecution.
Seven of the Fourteen First Nations Students from Thunderbay who endured 25-35
days without
solid   foods
Perspective
are rewarded with charges of
mischief. Luanne Bryer, Barbara Ann Wyn, Rose Ann Archibald, Tony Nobis, Cathy Sault,
Debbie Sault-Baxter, Melinda
Sault occupied the Thunderbay
District office of Indian and
Northern Affairs on March 22,
1990, after a large rally against
the Government's denial of Aboriginal and Treaty rights to an
education.
The 23 Regina students
have been found guilty of mischief and charged $50.00 each
for their troubles. The system
profits by $1,150 as it maintains
itself via student budgets.
Why were the 350 charges
dropped in Manitoba but not
anywhere else? The Federal
government is responsible for
pursuing the charges. Why
would they not drop charges for
all First Nations people across
the country? Are the First Nations people in Manitoba viewed
as less guilty than those in Ottawa, or did the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Justice in
Manitoba this winter give INAC
cold feet? Is the injustice of 350
charges against peaceful protestors of Aboriginal rights too
risque for the scrutiny ofthe objective eyes of the Royal Commission? Apparently so, to Pierre Cadieux the Minister of
Indian and Northern Affairs.
However, First Nations students face persecution this
spring 1990 in Ottawa Thunderbay and Saskatoon. On February 20, 1990 the 23 Saskatoon
students face mischief charges.
When found guilty, these students and supporter will either
pay the fine or do the time. On
February 26, 1990 the eight
Thunderbay students face mischief charges. On March 7 and 8,
1990 the sixty-six students, and
supporters including chiefs, elders and parents face criminal
charges of trespass.
These people are not criminals. Although statistics show
high participation in prisons,
these people do not have criminal records. First Nations students speak out strong to
struggle for a better tomorrow.
First Nations students speak out
strong to break the patterns of
imprisonment and oppression.
The result, credit due to Minister Pierre Cad is the labeling of
our visionaries as criminals.
Beverly Scow
This is the voter's list for the upcoming Ubyssey editorial elections.
All those who have made three or more editorial contributions to the
paper since January 1,
1990 are eligible. Please
come in if your name
does not appear on it and you feel that it should.
Joe Altwasser
Paul Dayson
Laura J. May
Dan Andrews
Omar Diaz
Don Mah
Ted Aussem
Denise Dyson
Katherine Monk
Esther Besel
Dale Fallon
John Newlands
Rebecca Bishop
John Gray
Mark Nielsen
Corinne Bjorge
Rick Hiebert
Joanne Nielson
Michael Booth
Roger Kanno
Effie Pow
Laura Busheikin
Wayne King
Nadene Rehnby
Steve Chan
Yukie Kurahashi
Rob Reid
Christina Chen
Wong Kwok-Sum
Alberto Rubio
Martin Chester
Hai V. Le
Dania Sheldon
David Chivo
Keith Leung
Ernie Stelzer
Steve Conrad
Hao Li
Warren Whyte
Franka Cordua von Specht
Otto Lim
Chung Wong
Calvin Dang
David Loh
Greg Davis
Cathy Lu
Cars are evil
Congratulations to Laura
Bushekin and The Ubyssey for the
excellent article on automobile
pollution. Excessive consuption of
fossil fuel is one of Canada's biggest environmental problems, and
the private automobile is one of
the most wasteful uses we make of
oil.
Nevertheless, the automobile
and oil industries spend millions
of dollars every year actively encouraging Canadians to buy more
cars and drive more miles, with
slick seductive advertising having
little to do with practical concerns
about transportation.
I believe it would be just and
proper to require all advertisements for cars and gas to carry a
warning message, informing and
reminding consumers of the dam-
mage to health, safety and the
environment caused by cars. The
precident for this action is found in
the tobacco advertising laws,
which protect the public's right to
be informed of the hazards of
smoking. In the same way, the
public has the right to be informed
ofthe hazard ofthe automobile, in
the midst of all the images of sex,
social status, and the thrill of
speed.
Doug Hopwood
Forest Science 4
We need $30,000
computer, says
Kurt
I value the spirited, independent watchdog role which The
Ubyssey plays. Let me address a
few misperceptions about the
computerization of AMS executive
offices:
1. It's true that getting "the
shoddiest, drug-store bought
units" would have been half as
costly. But we wouldn't have gotten a product distinguished for
ease of use, networking ability,
sturdiness and reliable service.
2. Neither the Mac Ilex nor
the four Mac SE 30s are "top ofthe
line" in terms of price. They are, in
fact, at the low end of user-friendly
computers that can take advantage of emerging software.
3. Anyone who has used both
computers with and without a
graphic user interface knows the
superior ease of using a graphic
interface rather than the abstract
command codes of cheaper machines. Ease of use promotes use,
and the greater initial cost of Macs
will rapidly pay for itself in terms
making AMS executives more
creatively productive.
Typically, your busy execs
will switch on their computers the
moment they enter their offices.
Responses to the diverse material
that crosses their desks are keyed
straight into the computer. Proposals and reports, complete with
graphics, evolve through complex
editing stages. Information is increasingly disseminated via computer networks. All documents
end up stored and easily retrieved.
Your AMS executives are, or
certainly should be, a key part of
the creative brain and driving
force of our student society - but
they need the tools to organize
their complex world. They reached
a cost-conscious decision after an
intense process of consultation
with some of the best computer
experts on campus. For further
information or background documentation, please come to my office in SUB 256.
Clearly, all UBC students
should have access to user-
friendly computers. I've begun a
dialogue to secure the kind of access which SFU students already
enjoy.
Kurt Preinsperg
AMS President
South Africa
still bad
Now that it appears likely
that South Africa is about to start
out on the road towards a new,
non-racial, democratic society,
"the battle for the minds" has inte-
sified: is the ANC a communist
organization or is it a non-Communist (iexapitalist) organization? The "Red Scare" is on!
It is impossible to mount a
coherant argument about any social institution in South Africa
unless one addresses the illegitimacy and immorality ofthe existing government in Pretoria. The
issue of sanctions becomes in some
instances simply a smoke screen
for entering into an "economic"
debate about which group of
people will tie most hurt by sanctions. Yet news reports coming out
of that country point out the systematic exploitation of black
labour working under practically
slave conditions. Television reports chronicle the extent to which
black prisioners, some of them
political prisioners, are routinely
eliminated by a judicary system
which cannot by any stretch ofthe
imagination be regarded as fair.
The list of injustices traditionally
perpetrated, sanctioned or condoned by the state is staggering.
Now I come to the main reason for writing this letter. I am
puzzled by the content of certain
letters appearing in The Ubyssey
and I take this opportunity to get
some free education. I pose to
Christian Champion and Greg
Lanning (Ubyssey, March 2,1990)
respectively two questions:
(1) What is your vision ofthe "good
society?"
(2) And what do you think are the
paths by which a society can get
there? I recognize that for both
parties the good society means the
absence of communists, but what
else is it about? Does justice feature in your equations at all? I am
just a wee bit puzzled?
Claudette Franklyn
Faculty of Education
Pardon?
Mr Milatovic (Feb 27) says the
government should be restricted
to this and that. I would no more
argue with Mr Milatovic about
government than I would argue
with Humpty Dumpty about
glory. It is his word. It was invented by his kind and only they
can manage it with the requisite
tact and finesse.
For myself, I have no use for it.
King Nebuchadnezzar said to one
man, "go", and he went, and to
another "come" and he came. Did
that make King Nebuchadnezzar
a governor? If so, a man who works
for a company is governed from
morning to night. Is there then a
distinction between "governing"
and "government"? A language
which harbours such a distinction
is a little too discreet and circumspect for me. It makes me suspect
that someone is meddling with my
thinking.
But it is wonderful that such a
word, and hundreds of others
equally slippery, could be imposed
on a noble language like English.
The force that imposed them is
surely the greatest and grimmest
government ever known. And
what is that government but the
unanimous and fanatical bourgeoisie?
That is a government that will
not restrict itself to public works.
That is a government which is
quite competent to punish any
balking at its commands or norms.
Balking is incompetence in horses
or men, and happy the incompetent who is let loose in the paddock
of "welfare."
Ron Norman
"Management students are
people who are learning to manage—and what they are learning how
to manage is other human beings.
Managers are parasites who create
and produce no wealth, but rather
live on the back of people who do. I
find it strange that living on other
people's backs is a legitimate academic subject. At our next upheaval,
these people will get their due and I
won't be sorry....Revenge is part of
the whole process."
—Richard Flint, editor, The McGill
Daily, 1982-83
Smash the bourgeoisie. Join
The Ubyssey. Room 241K,
SUB.
March 6,1990
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Change Now!
Public support has been granted to city planners and
investors to upgrade degenerating areas in Vancouver. But
in the process, residents are being pushed out of these
areas as rent increases. The result is a residential migration further and further east in the city. It is a process
known as gentrification.
In tearing down adequate buildings and erecting overpriced, eye-sore condominiums, or modern shops with their
pervading plasticity, the city is moving closer to establishing peripheral slum areas and disenfranchising thousands
of people.
This scenario confirms the existence of a vacuous gap
between the rich and the poor.
Not only have the financially powerful blindly taken
away the homes of the powerless, but also their hopes.
Myths created by the financially stable have become
commonly accepted stereotypes, blocking any opportunity
for individuals living down and out to get themselves up
and on their feet.
We have been brought up in a society that prides itself
on equality, yet we constantly accept social inequality.
Significant legislative changes need to be made to end
poverty. People who work should have enough to live on.
Instead we have created a new class coined "the working
poor."
Gallup polls will not reach individuals having no fixed
address, and their opinions will not be heard, making it
easier for us to conveniently stop listening.
Though statistics indicate a decline in poverty, experts
say the depth has increases. The number of acutely poor
make up a frighteningly larger portion of Canada's population—3.7 million people this year. When 60% of B.C.'s
prisoners having Native blood, it is also clear that the
welfare state of First Nations people continue to be socially
unacceptable.
Social work focuses on changing the socially deviant
behaviour of individuals, but fails to confront the larger
conditions which cause this pathology.
Many services designed to improve the situation of
poverty in our society continue to be plagued with paradoxical results. In the meantime, the gap between the "rich
and the poor" widens.
As university students, we have a responsibility to
educate ourselves. It has become too easy for us to turn a
blind eye, to forget that there are people we are stepping on
in our flight of upward mobility. It has become so easy for
us to turn the other way when a street person raises his
hand for a few coins.
But forgoing one beer to hand over a few dollars to the
poor is not going to stop poverty. Dropping your change in
the Salvation Army box outside the liquor store isn't going
to be enough. We must join the struggle, educate ourselves
so that we, those of us who have the power, can make the
changes in our system that will stop homelessness and
poverty. We must stop the hunger. We must refuse to look
the other way.
For many of us this issue will be the closest we will
come to being able to empathize with the plight of the
financially struggling—especially for those of us who will
become part of "The System." This issue hopes to serve as
a coup de grace attempt to fill and cultivate this gap.
theUbyssey
March 6, 1990
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bythe Alma Mater Society
of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;   FAX# 228-6093
Joe "Scoop* Altwasser was the first to home in on the free beer in the ballroom, but
Greg Davis, Steve Chan and Steve Conrad were soon on the scene, ready to pretend they'd all be volunteering for the homecoming celebration. Michael Booth and
Franka wanderedinabittoolateforthe drinks, but managedtofindabit of stale pizza
left in a pile of boxes. Keith Leung wouldn't have any of that bullshit, pandering to the
fascist regime, eating right out of their hand. Katherine Monk made Joe spit out the
last of his beer.
Outside in the dumpster, Paul Dayson, Rebecca Bishop and Esther Besel
were rummaging through the AMS discards, trying to find parts for their autonomy
machine. Andrew Boyle found a hockey ball amidst the mounds of uneaten pasta.
"You'll never get it that way," tauntyed Ernie Setter and Ted Aussem. Looking down
from the balcony above, Chung Wong wondered if there were any chicken wings in
the dumpster.
Meanwhile, down in the games room Effie Pow and Cathy Lu were hustling
pool for their supper. Beats ad layout, they thought. Dania Sheldon and John Gray
looked ander the corners of the carpet, trying to get a quarter together tor a game
of Commando. Nicholas lonides swiped some change off of the food counter in the
Pit and was in there Ike a dirty shirt. Matt Clarke just wandered around in rags,
muttering about student aid. Wayne King tried to sell his bus transfer outside the
SUB. It was still good for another half an hour. Lyanne Evans hopped into Omar Diaz'
Mercedes and roared past some whiners protesting a trifling little tuition increase.
Alex Johnson packed her bags. Hao U, of course, slept through the whole thing.
EDITORS
Joe Altwaeser •  Franka Cordua-von Specht
Keith Leung •  Nadene Rehnby • Chung Wong
Letters
UBC needs
teaching
emphasis
A recent letter (The
Ubyssey, January 9th 1990)
by David New ofthe Science
Undergraduate Society
(SUS), drew readers' attention to the issue of teaching
standards, and alluded to
the "conflict" between
teaching and research. Asa
junior Faculty member who
supervises a large research
group and also enjoys teaching undergraduates and
graduates, I offer a personal
perspective.
The student of any internationally respected
University should expect
their teachers to be competent, up to date, and able to
motivate their class members to be the best they can
be. To this end the efforts of
the SUS to seek students'
opinions are to be applauded. However, as a former student, I know that
there will always be some
courses which are naturally
more interesting than others, and thus teaching standards and course content
must not become confused.
Student voting (and publication ofthe results thereof)
carries with it substantial
responsibility for honesty
and objectivity. Lecturers
certainly should seek to
improve their teaching
skills, but must not be pressured into sacrificing technical quality on the altar of
popularity. A list of lecturers/ courses to avoid may
"help" present students, but
does nothing to enhance
UBC. The SUS would further serve the interests of its
members by suggesting
some positive ways to improve the system. Perhaps
by focussing more on the
causes of discontent, some
constructive ideas will arise
and, who knows, everyone
might win!
Some instructors
choose to specialize solely at
being excellent teachers.
Perhaps UBC should seek to
hire more specialists in
undergraduate teaching?
Holes are left in the under-
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters which are not typed will not be accepted. Letters over 200 words
may be edited for brevity. Please be concise. Content which Is libelous, slanderous, racist, sexist, homophobic or
otherwise unlft for publication will not be published. Please bring letters, with Identification, to our editorial office,
Room 241K, SUB. Letters must Include name, faculty or department, year of study and signature.	
graduate program when
(frequently the most gifted)
instructors leave UBC for
positions which offer better
pay, job security and/or
working conditions. Their
courses still have to be
taught, sometimes at short
notice by professors who are
given no choice but to teach
outside their own special
field. Should UBC restore
senior faculty salaries to the
level of our peer Canadian
Universities, such as
Toronto—or even in this age
of Free Trade, heaven forbid, to those of our Southern
neighbors? Can UBC otherwise continue to hire (and
keep) world class individuals at a time when fewer and
fewer Ph.D.'s are choosing
an academic career.and the
retirement rate is increasing.
Many Faculty have
families who already see all
too little of them. It certainly is difficult to find the
correct balance between
research, teaching, service
to UBC, and one's personal
life. This is especially so for
Faculty who cannot afford to
live close to UBC and so
waste perhaps 10% of their
career commuting from
South Richmond or further
away. That's 3 years of a 30
year career just travelling!
Faculty thus share many of
the problems and pressures
now faced by students, and
thus we should try to work
together for the good of this
University.
Research-oriented Faculty, myself included, frequently have to turn away
deserving would-be M.Sc. or
Ph.D. students because of
insufficient funds to pay
their salaries and purchase
their research equipment.
The day by day teaching/
training of graduate and
undergraduate research
students is very rewarding,
but takes a lot of time too.
Should UBC relieve some
research-oriented Faculty
of undergraduate teaching
so that they can concentrate
on (better) training of
(more) graduate students?
Other first class schools already have "Research Professors".      David's  letter
closed with the statement,
"...we students feel we have
a right to know ahead of
time which professors are
teachers and which mere researchers". There is no such
thing as a *mere researcher'.
Quality research is hard
work, and you probably
have most to fear from the
very few weak teachers who
also do no research. World
class research requires that
professors know the latest
developments in their field.
Thus you may find that
some of your best and busiest lecturers also direct
strong research programs in
the subject they teach.
Adrian Wade
Assistant Professor,
Analytical Chemistry
Don't do
nothin'!
I would like to make
some suggestions to Kurt
Preinsperg about what he
should do this year in his
role as AMS President.
Don't DO anything.
We, the students of this
university, CAN'T AFFORD to have the AMS
DOING the things they
have in the past.
We can't afford to have
our fees raised Kurt—not by
a dollar. So don't DO that.
We can't afford to supply the AMS executive with
funds to buy beer and
pizza—so don't DO that.
We can't afford to have
our money spent on REC
FAC—so don't DO that either.
If you must DO something Kurt—DO it without
using our funds. DO things
that don't cost ANYTHING.
For example, try to get
the library hours extended
or try to get us some late
night (early morning) study
areas, or try to convince Mr.
Strangway to devote some of
our tuition funds . towards
improving the library stocks
WITHOUT RAISING OUR
TUITION.
Try to DO these little
things. They don't cost
ANYTHING and they
would be EXTREMELY
helpful to us.
We are here to get a
UNIVERSITY EDUCATION because (for one) we
DON'T HAVE ANY
MONEY and would like to
be in a position someday to
have SOME money.
If you must DO something to make yourself feel
as though you are important
to us, DO things to make our
goal to obtain a UNIVERSITY EDUCATION easier,
WITHOUT asking for ANY-
MORE MONEY—WE
DON'T HAVE ANY.
Leo Paquin
Arts 3
Reader
questions day
A few comments if I
might concerning your coverage of Michael Wilson's
visit to the University last
Thursday.
Your reporter's description of the process used for
the Question and Answer
session reveals his own presuppositions. The story
states, "The questions were
screened by UBC economics
prof John Helliwell, yet several of the submitted questions challenged the federal
government's motives in
their policies..."
Don't be so paranoid, it
seems you expected a full-
scale manipulation of the
system to allow for only
"soft" questions. The idea of
having a third-party moderator is to allow for an independent method of selecting
questions. Stop reading a
potential conspiracy into
everyone's actions; report
the news, don't try to make
it.
In addition I have to
question the intent behind
the caption used for the bottom picture of Minister
Wilson. Your need to personally ridicule Mr. Wilson
in order to score points
weakens any case for criticism of his position that you
might have.
Even so, for the most
part it was not a bad article,
better than some coverage
which has occurred in previous years.
Rob van der Ende
UBC Progressive
Conservative club
^8/TH.EiJ.9Y$S5Y
March 6,1990 LETTERS
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He'4 love it if theme
weren't So many "For Side"
ripoff s.
Dyslexia policy
sucks
I am writing in regard to UBC
denying a dyslexic student his
degree(Dyslexic UBC Student
Fights For Degree, Van. Sun., Feb.
12, 1990). I am a 23 year old who
knows well the struggle of being a
dyslexic student. If Howard Eaton
has completed all the courses he
needs and more for his degree in
psychology, he is obviously highly
motivated, a determined hard
worker, and has proven himself
academically. I would like to know
what passing another language
course has to do with psychology?
A main symptom of dyslexia is
language difficulty. Mr. Eaton
could be an excellent psychologist.
Why deny him his chance just
because he can not get through
another language course?
It is clear to me that some of
Jean Elder's remarks reported in
the newspaper article show that
Ms. Elder is not very well informed
about dyslexia. She says, "How
could he do well if he has such a
learning problem?" Well to answer this question I would like to
know why Ms. Elder does not
know that learning another language for a dyslexic person can be
an impossible hurdle?
A dyslexic person learns differently than a non dyslexic. But
he/she is by no means lazy or stupid. In fact, many have above
average intelligence. When a
dyslexic is not able to do something he or she will find other
innovative ways of getting the job
done. They often have to discover
other ways of teaching themselves
through learning styles not available through our public school
system. We need only look at some
well known geniuses diagnosed as
dyslexic. Albert Einstein, Nelson
A. Rockefeller and Leonardo de
Vinci to name just a few. These
people were by no means stupid
but had trouble learning in the
usual manner. Thomas Edison's
parents had to take him out ofthe
public school system because he
could not learn. And so the man
who lit up the world was a dyslexic, taught at home by his
mother.
Ms. Elder also said, "we don't
want to water down the degree too
much, because then it will be
worthless to them." How can she
say that when that degree is designed for the non dyslexic student? We should be asking the
educational system why it does not
meet the dyslexic's needs.
People who are in a position of
authority have a responsibility to
be well informed about dyslexia—
especially when it affects another
person's opportunity to achieve
his/her maximum potential.
I would like to suggest that
Ms. Elder and others who lack the
knowledge and understanding
make themselves more aware of
the struggles and frustrations a
dyslexic person faces everyday.
I do not think that an intelligent dyslexic student should be
hindered from progressing in his
education just because he cannot
pass "another language course"
that is required by UBC's faculty.
This person will have a lot to offer
his community, so why should the
door be shut in his face?
Debbie Swidrowich
Make us stand
in corner
In rebuttal to the first Ubyssey editorial ofthe 1990's, I find it
necessary to enlighten you. Your
bitter, anarchistic attitude to
President Strangway's policies
compels me to project a more positive viewpoint for the readers. The
President is committed to maintaining the standard of education
at UBC, and this can only continue
through sensible management.
After the government has
stated its spending policy, it is
evident that the university must
seek funding from the private sector. David Strangway's shrewd
business endeavours have been
exemplary of the free enterprise
spirit. The attributes he possesses
are instrumental in building an
institution that will provide a
supreme level of education. Without the management skills of the
UBC administration, there would
be no "retreat where truth is pursued."
Regarding the "Gay Games"
issue which the editor magnified
in the January 5 publication, I
believe the President was not dis-
criminitory in his initial statement. He was simply stating that
the event was one pertaining to
the "community within the City of
Vancouver, and not relevant to the
university. In my opinion, the gay
community is ironically segregating themselves by holding such a
mockery as this event. In closing, I
wish to commned President
Strangway for his efforts to enhance the facilities of UBC these
past five years.
Greg Andrew
Victoria
Graphic The Strand
Save the libraries
We are extremely concerned
about the continuing effects
budget cuts are having on UBC
Library service. Reduced hours,
journal subscription cancelations
and reference division merges
have occurred in order to stay
within the budget which has frequently been cut during the last
decade. These actions have affected all members of the university community.
Despite fiscal restraint, the
Library has attempted to maintain a high level of service. Recent
innovations include the Online
catalogue introduced in 1988 and
now available via personal commuters with modems. The circulation system is, however, in dire
need of replacement. Between
1981 and 1988 UBC fell from 15th
to 21st in the ranking of North
American research libraries.
Little money will be available for
new innovations let alone retrospective buying since even MORE
cuts are forecast. This is unfortunate since a strong library is essential for quality education.
There is money available
which could be used to build a new
library or further improve service
to students and other library users. Harold Hetherington (Agriculture 3) suggested in his letter of
Feb.6, 1990 that the $800,000
(plus interest collected for the defeated recreation facility (RECFAC) "should be put to good use,
which will benefit everyone." We
agree with Mr. Hetherington.
We propose that students join
us in supporting the SOUL (Save
Our University Library) Campaign by donating their $30 refund to the UBC Library. The library's efforts to provide quality
service for users despite financial
difficulties deserves student support. The SOUL Campaign Is a
concrete way for students to support the library, and ensure it retains the ability to assist them in
achieving their educational goals.
Teresa Hartman
Library & Archival Studies
Students Association
President
Library Science 2
& 22 other Library Science
students
Don't drive
The article in The Ubyssey on
Feb. 6 says, "When construction of
the new Forestry Research Building begins this fall on B.Lot Four,
940 spaces will be lost." It was
good news. It means 940 cars less
than now will be coming to UBC
unless they find other parking
spaces; consequently, more than
940 people will carpool or use B.C.
transit. If more people use B.C.T.,
there will be eventually more frequent runs which will give commuters more incentive to use
B.C.T. This will help gradually
decreasing fossil energy consumption, air pollution, and the green
house effect. But reading further
on I found UBC is planning for
construction of another high-rise
parkade which is said to cost 5,000
to 6,000 dollars per space.
I am grateful that the Transportation committee of the Student Environmental Centre initiated carpooling to decrease the
number of cars, especially one-
person driven cars. Having not
enough parking spaces encourages people more easily to pool
cars or ride buses. Although most
of us are aware ofthe menacing environmental problems, we tend to
choose an easier way to get
around, forgetting about a long
term hazard. As long as we keep
building more highways and parking spaces, more cars will be on the
streets, causing more air pollution. We must not look into the
matter only with priority of convenience now but think more globally, considering a long term effect
of what we do to our planet. If we
build another parkade, more students and faculty would be
tempted to drive to UBC, speeding
up environmental destruction, so
building of any parkades or parking lots on UBC campus should be
stopped.
H. Ichikawa
Arts 4
Student ponders
assigned readings
We've just had Freedom to
Read Week. That's great! I love to
read, and I really appreciate the
freedom to read what I like.
However, here at UBC I think that
this freedom could be improved in
at least one respect. We have freedom to read—let's also have freedom to not read.
No, I'm not advocating illiteracy or the use of symbols on street
signs. What I would like to see is
students being given the option of
not reading books which their
moral standards tell them it is
wrong to read. Unfortunately, at
UBC, this freedom to not read only
exists in the most limited sense
possible. While one may always
choose not to read a book that he
believes it would be wrong for him
to read, the current English department policy—no substitutions allowed—ensures that his
mark will suffer for it.
Perhaps using myself as an
example will make things clearer.
As a Christian, I believe that it is
wrong to read books th^t explicitly
describe sexual immorality. Last
year, when I was told to read two
such books, I asked the professors
who had assigned them to allow
me to read something else that I
might find more acceptable. The
first assented, assigning me Milton's Areopagitica; the second refused, citing the current English
department policy as one of his
reasons for doing so. Next year, if
I am to pursue my goal to become
an English teacher, I will have to
take a course in Canadian literature. Unless Canadian literature
undergoes a sudden, miraculous
change in content, it is* quite conceivable that any attempt on my
part to exercise UB
C's limited freedom to not read
may well result in my failing the
course.
Should a devout Moslem be
forced to read Rushdie's The Satanic Verses in order to become an
English teacher? Do we live in a
truly pluralistic society, or do we
only pay lip service to the concept
of freedom of belief?
The solution is simple: allow
students the option of choosing an
alternate reading if they find that
the book they are being asked to
read is unacceptable according to
their moral standards. Or, if the
department is concerned that students may abuse the freedom to
not read, get them to write an
extra essay explaining their position—or even to read two alternate books for every one that they
opt out of. But whatever happens,
we need a policy that will allow
students a reasonable, morally
acceptable way of exercising the
freedom to not read. Only then
will our freedom to read be truly
complete.
Ed Hewlett
Arts 3
Sandino not nice
"But in whose eyes was he
(August Sandino) a torture" asks
Julian Ventura, as if torture were
a subjective matter merely in
people's "eyes". The answer to Mr.
Ventura's rhetorical question is
easy: in the eyes of this "folk
hero's" victims—and his own.
Sandino boasted of torturing
prisoners, such as taping the victim's severed genitals into his
mouth. Slow death was by machete. In the corte de cumbo, the
victim's head was severed at the
top, leaving the base of the brain
exposed. The victim's death took
long minutes, while he spun like a
headless chicken.
Even slower was Sandino's
corte de chaleco, (waist-coat cut):
two slashes severed arm from
shoulder while a third cut disem-
bowled the victim. (Neil
Macaulay, The Sandino Affairs.)
The last four sentences of Mr.
Ventura's letter are worse than
"awkward and selective": they are
utterly irrelevant to Sandino's
bragging admission of his savagery. "Freedom is not conquered
with flowers," Sandino wrote, "but
with bullets, and that is why we
have to resort to the cortes."
Mr. Ventura's generalization
that "the U.S. has intervened in
Nicaraguan affairs since the
1850's" simply begs the question.
He lets the cat out ofthe bag when
he says, "Conservative opponents
to Zelaya asked for (sic) American
support." On exactly this key issue of requested support his analogy to Panama fails. Contrary to
Mr. Ventura's cliche, this is not
"semantics" but historical detail.
His patronizing theory that Nicaraguans were "conditioned" to
seek aid is ad hoc pseudo-psychology. His speculation Somoza
killed Sandino is unsupported by
testimony.
Greg Lanning
Law 3
Bathrooms from
Hades
Being the kind person that I
am, I would like the AMS to keep
the 30 dollars that I paid to the
Recration Centre at the beginning
ofthe year. I only request that the
money be redirected to a cause
that I consider of the utmost importance: the improvement ofthe
women's washrooms in
Buchanan. I have seen innocent
and desperate women enter them
and never return. I urge all other
female arts students to join me.
Together we can stop the terror.
P.S. If Engineering will give Arts
some toilet paper after 9:30 am
each day, I will ride naked on the
horse next year.
J.Lee
History 4
March 6,1990
THE UBYSSEY/19 NSWS
Students will still pay for SRC
by Dale Fallon
Students will be responsible
for paying the entire costs to date
for the aborted Recreation Facility
project, as well as for processing
refunds, according to a recent letter received by AMS president
Kurt Preinsperg.
On January 31, student council passed a motion to reimburse
students the $800,000 which the
university collected last fall to initiate the financing of RecFac.
Last week's memorandum
asked the AMS to pay the $45,000
incurred so far in capital and incidental costs, as well as the $18,500
it would take to send out refund
cheques. The administration
would use the $30,000 earned so
far in interest, and would additionally deduct another $33,200
from the balance which it holds.
Preinsperg feels students
have been betrayed by this arrangement, and pointed out that
RecFac has always been intended
to be a joint venture.
"I hope to God that asking the
AMS to pay $63,000 is an initial
negotiating position rather than
some sort of declaration of war," he
said.
"I want to emphasize my absolute willingness to negotiate a fair
deal for both the university and
students."
K.D. Srivastava, UBC vice-
president for academic and student services, disagreed that the
university entered into the project as a joint partner. He compared the AMS to a private donor
who happened to drop out of an
on-campus building scheme.
"It was a referendum run by
students through the AMS to initiate the project," said Srivastava. He added that: "It cost the
university money for the planning of the project."
Preinsperg pointed out that
in the last UBC calendar, the
project was billed as to be "owned
and managed by the university,"
with a lack of student control
Soul wants SRC
for libraries
by John Gray
UBC lacks soul and a group of
students hope they can use Rec
Fac money to give it some.
The group, named Save Our
University Libraries (SOUL)
wishes to make a gift of the Rec
Fac/SRC funds to the library.
"We began the group because
we felt that a lot of people wanted
their money to go to something
other than Rec Fac," said group
member Cathy Howett.
"The idea of SOUL is to take
the money in trust from Rec Fac
and have all, or as much as possible go to the library as a gift from
students," she said.
The $800,000 collected for Rec
Fac is currently in trust and cannot be used for any other purpose
without the permission of students. SOUL has not decided how
it will get this permission.
"Our first priority is to get the
AMS to freeze the redistribution of
the $30," said Chris Bedell at the
group's organizational meeting on
Wednesday.
Howett believes the most ef-
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clearly implied.
Preinsperg feels that by
signing for all expenses incurred
in the planning stages, the university was "signalling clearly
that the AMS had never been
expected to foot the whole bill for
this stage of the project."
Srivastava countered that
there was nothing unique about
this arrangement. "Anything on
campus is owned and managed
by the university, regardless of
who gives the money."
The issue was discussed last
Wednesday at the student council meeting, where AMS director
of finance John Lipscomb suggested the money be turned over
to the AMS who would handle
refunds.
"That would be illegal," said
Srivastava. "The Board collects
money on behalf of students, not
the AMS." He said the $800,000
would be held in trust unless it
was used for building a facility
similar to the one passed in the
first referendum.
Preinsperg said: "The centralization binge the university is
currently on really excludes students from input in student-financed buildings. That may spell
the death of a long UBC tradition
of student contributions to campus buildings. I'm sad about
that."
fective way to redirect the money
to the libraries is to have students
sign a waiver circulated through
classrooms.
"Ideally, the waiver would
have three choices on it. I would
like my money to go to a) the library b) Rec-Fac or c) to myself,"
said Howett.
SOUL has not yet decided
where exactly in the library system the money will go if they get it.
Some members of SOUL would
like to see it put towards improving the library's computer system
while others would like to see it
put towards books.
"We won't be putting the
money toward salaries or maintenance, like toilet paper," said
Howett.
Director of finance John
Lipscomb supports the campaign's intentions but not without
qualifications.
"I think what they're doing is
great but I think it sets a bad
precedent if students have to start
supporting a service like the library. That is the administration's
responsibility."
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20/THE UBYSSEY
March 6, 1990

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