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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 31, 1992

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One sun-burnt face,
one ll-told-you-so, a
few ABBA songs, and
a side order of vegetarian orgasms to
go, please.
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, March 31,1992
Vol 74, No 44
Mohawks under police siege
A school boy, age ten, cuts
his finger to dab blood on a drawing of his people, who are all
dead. In his words, "that's what
the police want."
A 17-year-old grabs a broom
in a fit of rage and turns his
classroom into a mock battlefield.
He machine-guns invisible police and politicians while his
classmates cry.
A four-year-old girl in the
front seat of a car routinely ducks
her head at the sight of any police cruiser. She asks her mother
if the police have gone so she can
sit up.
by Norman Nawrocki
reprinted from the McGill Daily
Canadian University Press
The stories go on. But these are not
children from Belfast or South Africa. They
are from Kahnawake, the Mohawk community not far southwest of Montreal. They are
the survivors of what some Natives call "the
Canadian crisis at Oka."
Two years after the explosive 78-day
standoff over Mohawk land at nearby
Kanesatake, the 5,000 Mohawks of
Kahnawake now live under a virtual police
siege. They face unrelenting harassment by
the RCMP and the Surety du Quebec (SQ)
who patrol their territory.
Although the community itself is a "no-
go zone" for the police, Mohawks say the
RCMP and the SQ have turned Kahnawake
into a pressure cooker of institutionalized
racism by terrorizing the population.
Kenneth Deer, the editor and publisher
of the Kahnawake community paper, The
Eastern Door, says the three highways that
cut through the 25-square-mile community
are "the most heavily-patrolled roadways
anywhere in Canada, if not in North
Deer says police constantly stop
Mohawk vehicles for random roadside
"Ifs "put your two hands on the wheel
and don't move,"" says Deer. "The police will
then ticket Mohowks for low air in the tires,
for dim taillights, for snow on the windshield,
for anything."
Anyone who passes through the territory or stops at any business is a likely
target. Deer says the RCMP once followed a
car that had bought gas on the reserve. They
pulled over the driver and asked her if she
knew she had bought gas from Native peopl e.
"They asked her if she realized she
could have been raped or robbed by the
Indians," Deer says. "They didn't realize
she was Native." The RCMP has denied the
In another incident, the RCMP pulled
over a volunteer human rights observer
working with the Mohawks. When she asked
for the officer's name, he refused.
"But when she pulled down her visor to
show him her official papers, he told her
that he just had to give her a ticket for doing
70 in a 70 km/h zone."
Deer says the incident is only one of
dozens of stories told every week by
Kahnawake residents.
But SQ spokesperson Andre Blanchette
says only seven per cent ofthe people stopped
by police on the three highways are Mohawk.
He could not provide the exact number of SQ
officers patrolling the Kahnawake territory.
Pauline Lahache, a Mohawk artist and
teacher at the 200-pupil Kahnawake Survival School, says it takes her five minutes
to drive to work. Every day, she sees four
patrol cars in either direction.
"Every day, no less than two or three
Mohawks are pulled over in their cars by the
RCMP or the SQ," she says. "They're parked
all the time across from the school. Everyone, students and staff, is afraid of being
stopped for one reason or another."
Lahache says one Mohawk refused to
give his name to police when he was stopped
while walking down a road.
"He was hauled off to the police station,
held over night and charged with assaulting
a police officer," Lahache says. "He's still in
court over it."
Lahache says the 34 teaching staff at
the school are trying to make the school day
as normal as possible for the children. But
the constant police presence make it hard to
get their minds off what happened two
summers when Quebec called the army in
after the SQ botched a raid on the barriers
at Kanesatake. And only now are teachers
noticing that students are experiencing the
after-effects of Oka.
"Students are drawing pictures of soldiers and cops, guns, knives and graveyards
all the time," she says. "They aren't turning
to violence against each other, but they're
angry with themselves for not being able to
do something."
Lahache saw her 17-year-old son
grapple with a Canadian soldier during one
of the army's forays into Kahnawake in
1990. She heard him yell at the soldier, "You
tear-gassed my mom, you're trying to kill
my mom."
"In his eyes," says Lahache, "he was
trying to protect me."
In her classroom, students will sometimes break down crying, talking about how
they are willing to die to defend their land.
Lahache says the pressure of being the role
model or "sounding board" for the students
each day in school is not easy.
"I'm still having a hard time myself
coming to terms with what happened here,"
she says. "We, as teaching staff, are going
through stress therapy to work it out for
There is also the memory ofthe anti-
Mohawk rage that shook the adjacent
francophone suburb of Chateauguay during
the standoff. The Kahnawake Mohawks
occupied and barricaded the Merrier Bridge
in solidarity with the Mohawks at
Kanesatake, preventing many Chateauguay
residents from getting to their jobs in
Mohawks were beaten up outside their
territory, chased from local shopping malls
by gangs of non-Natives, and picked up and
tortured by the SQ. Mobs tried to storm the
barricades and called for an all-out army
assault on Kahnawake.
"The children don't understand the
burning of effigies, the stoning of their
people, of their families [by Chateauguay
residents]," Lahache says.
Nor could the children understand helicopters full of soldiers with guns ready, or
military jets flying low over the community.
Deer thinks the unrelenting police intimidation is meant to break Kahnawake's
"When we reported the incidents to
Claude Ryan [Quebec's public security
minister], he wouldn't believe us,"Deer says.
"All he wants is for us to take down our
There are nowfour Mohawk checkpoints
ringing the entrances to the village of
Kahnawake. Each consists of a little wooden
guardhouse, a concrete roadway barrier,
and a handful of Mohawks standing guard.
Hand-painted signs nearby warn, "No RCMP
or SQ access allowed." Visitors to the village
are politely asked about their destinations,
the purpose of their visit and how long they
intend to stay.
Deer says the checkpoints, though
symbolic, are an assertion of Mohawk sovereignty. "Butfor the Canadian government,
theyYe a pain in the side."
The police used to try to get past the
checkpoints, but they don't often bother
anymore, Deer says. Instead, they throw
the Canadian Criminal Code or traffic laws
at the Mohawks every chance they get.
Meanwhile, negotiations with the government over land claims are at a standstill
and Mohawks are on trial for the Oka crisis.
And the police will not go away.
When it's just one more night of police violence
by Norman Nawrocki
girl in her arms, the 31-year-old mother was
homeward bound after leaving the hospital
behind. Beside her, at the wheel ofthe car,
her husband was beaming at the newest
family member.
But what should have been a joyful
occasion for Wilma Lahache and Philip Deer
turned into another scene of police violence.
On the night of October 29,1991, they
were driving home to Kahnawake through
Chateauguay when the police tried to cut off
their car three times.
"They'd slam on their brakes in front of
us but never try to stop us," Lahache says.
When Deer turned off the highway onto an
exit, three police cars boxed them in. An
RCMP car blocked the road ahead, another
pulled alongside and a Surete du Quebec car
came up behind them.
"I got out of our car to ask the driver [of
the SQ car] why he was driving like that,
trying to kill us," she says. "He yelled at me,
pulling at my arm. I told him I had a baby in
my arms, that I had just got out of the
hospital. I showed him my hospital bracelet,
but he kept yelling at me, hitting me."
"My husband yelled at him not to hit me,
not to touch me or the baby. But the SQ
officer said, "What do you expect? You're
Lahache says he tried to hit the baby,
but she moved out ofthe way and he hit her
in the stomach. She kickedhim in the leg and
ran. She was able to pass the baby to another
woman who was by the roadside. Shetoldher
to take the baby to her mother's, while the
police chased her "like a swarm of bees."
She ran in circles, trying to get away,
until they grabbed her and slammed her into
a police car, cuffing her behind her back. Her
husband kept yelling at them to leave her
alone, as they beat him.
Finally, she was shoved into a police car
and it spun off, siren wailing, the driver
occasionally slamming on the brakes so she
would lurch forward in the back seat. One of
the SQ officers took his gun, turned around
and waved it in her face, saying he would use
it on her. She did not know if she would live
or die.
"Outside the station," Lahache says,
"they beat me, lifted me by the cuffs and left
me on the ground. Then they threw me into
a cell."
"I could hear my husband pleading with
them from down the hall, telling them I just
gave birth, not to hurt me. But they didn't
care." The police called an ambulance only
after her husband insisted. The next day, at
another hospital, doctors put a brace on her
injured arm.
Lahache and Deer were both charged
with assaulting a po lice officer and obstructing an officer in the line of duty. On January
6, after several court appearances, she and
her husband were both tried and convicted.
They were both sentenced to 15 days, "ex
parte"—neither they nor their lawyer were
present in the Longeuil courtroom (their
lawyer had given them the wrong trial date).
Two days later, they were jailed. After
filing an appeal, both were released on bail.
The Montreal judge said she was astonished
to hear about the ex parte sentencing.
Now, Lahache says she is terrified to
leave her house alone. And since the incident, she says police stop her and her husband all the time. Once, when their car was
hit in a parking lot, she decided not to report
"All they'd say to me is, What do you
expect, you're Indian.™ Correction
The story entitled "Scabs cleaning dirty residences"
in the March 24 issue of The Ubyssey contained an
inaccuracy. A CUPE lawyer was consulted in regards to
Julie Underwood's (Residence Life manager at Totem
Park) letter dated March 7, but the lawyer did not
directly speak to Underwood, as stated in the article.
spoof issue. ..      1ma**A to the end °i^
3757 W. 10th Ave.
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Hot Lunch
Tu&stS$y,mrcti   31,1992
Last Lunch of the Year
"Come one - Come all - Get it while its hot"
Open House
Thurs, April 2nd
Hebrew Classes
Ued    1:30    -    2:30    PH
Thur    12:30    -     1:30    PH
UBC students intending to transfer for the Winter Session 1992-
93 to one of the undergraduate degree programs listed below
must submit a completed "Change of Faculty" form to
Undergraduate Admissions in the Registrar's Office by the
given deadline.
Fine Arts - Studio
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April 30  -|
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new deadline
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Monday - Saturday: 9:30 - 6:00
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March 31,1992 NEWS
Student cycles through BC for recycling
by Graham Cook
Alison Bain was fed up with
"lip service" about environmental
issues, and felt like she was getting
nowhere sittingin classes studying.
Starting May 12th, Bain will
definitely be getting somewhere:
1,800 kilometres around BC, to be
exact. She was recently chosen as
a participant in Wheels of Change,
a bicycle tour aimed at action and
awareness about environmental
The intention i s to show youth
and their communities the links
between environment, development, and social justice issues on
local, national, and global levels"
saidBain, afourth-year Geography
student at UBC.
"Ifs a fulfillment of a lot of
things I've always wanted to do:
environmental work, interacting
and seeing how others feel about
environment and development issues, and making change through
action instead of just studying,"
Bain said.
The tour will begin with a two
week orientation in which the six
core participants—four women and
two men—will get to know each
other and will prioritize the various environmental issues they will
be talking about. Wheels of Change
plans to cycle 60km a day while
travelling and will stop at at least
11 communities along the way. The
tour will travel East to Kimberly,
as far North as Hazelton, West to
the Haida Gwai'i (the Queen
Charlotte Islands), and will end in
Courtenay on Vancouver Island.
"We will be doing different
things at each stop, tailored to
community needs," Bain said.
"There will be educational workshops, popular theatre, and differ-
ent actdvitiesin wilderness spaces",
she said.
Depending on the amount of
organization in different communities, the group will be linking up
with local naturalists and environmentalists, but the focus will
be on youth.
"Our biggest hope is that our
tour will be a spark for further
action. The focus isn't just linking
up with local groups, but also trying to reach a large group of people
to help them figure out environmental issues for themselves," she
The learning process is also
expected to be two-way, Bain said.
"Well be taking back as much
or more than we put into the
project, and our capacity to leam
will be magnified in the native
communities that well be visiting,"
Bain said.
The project was conceived in
the wake ofthe Youth '92 Conferences, which were organized to get
youth input for the upcoming
United Nations Environment and
Development Conference in Brazil. "We wanted to take more
grassroots action than the sorts of
things that came out in the conferences," said Mindy Parfitt, one
ofthe six core members.
"We brainstormed ideas last
September, and out of it came the
idea for this tour. We've been
working pretty much full-time
since then organizing it," Parfitt
The choice ofbi cycles as amode
of transport was an obvious one,
Bain said. "It's environmentally
sensitive to use bikes, and I think
it illustrates part of our message
which is to show that you can start
with simple things to solve environmental problems," she said.
The sixmembers ofthe Wheels
of Change core group are Maya
Gislason, Graham Jacobs, Craig
Anderl, Katherine Weiler, and
Bain and Parfitt. Some of the
members are past participants in
the Canada World Youth exchange
programme, and CWY provided
office space and other support for
the group. Rocky Mountain Bicycles has provided the bikes for
the trip. Some plannedfundraising
projects includes raffle ticket and
t-shirt sales, and a planned benefit
dance on April 13th at the Town
"I think ifs going to be a great
success, but we still need volunteers and other people who want to
support the project," Parfitt said.
As well as office people in
Vancouver, the core group expects
other people to join in their cycling
trip for different parts of the journey.
"Hopefully well fill the roads
with bikes," Bain said.
Further information on
Wheels of Change can be obtained
from their temporary office at
Canada World Youth, and by contacting the UBC Student Environment Centre.
Student investigates young queers
by Rick Hiebert
A UBC graduate student
wants to look at how the attitudes
and beliefs of young gays, lesbians
and bisexuals are shaped.
Alan Segal is looking for volunteers in their late teens and early
twenties to participate in a survey
for his education doctoral thesis.
Although he has not gotten approval yet from UBC to research
his thesis, he hopes to be allowed
to pursue whyyounggays.lesbians
andbisexualshave the beliefs they
"It looks like it may be a very
exploratory form of research,"
Segal said. "I'd like the volunteers
to talk about their reactions to
events that happened to them that
shaped their sexual identity. I want
to know how these episodes affected
their philosophy on life, their
feelings about society, how they
describe and think of themselves."
What happens in high schools
could profoundly influence the future self image of young gays, lesbians, and bisexuals, Segal said.
"A lot of our own identity in
society depends on what we have
been taught. Schools go through
an entire process of trying to create identities that reproduce
society's norms," he said.
"There will have likely have
been a lot of negative experiences,
but one person's definition of a
negative experience may be very
different than another's. The same
event, say taunting by classmates,
may cause very different reactions
and feelings from different people."
The study may be part of a
growing trend of looking at young
gays, lesbians and bisexuals. David
Adkin ofthe National Film Board
is currently finishing a film docu
mentary on the same subject.
Segal thinks the recent upswing in attention to these people
may be due to the increased social
power of gays.
"The more gays and lesbians
as a community act to gain their
own identity, the more we want to
look at our own pasts, our own
adolescences and our own youth,"
he said.
"Refusing to acknowledge
these people as a separate group of
adolescents in the past was a way,
in a sense, of keeping them invisible," he said. "Now, we're trying to
give them a. sense of their history
so they can develop voices of their
Segal hopes to have the research for his doctoral thesis, if he
gets permission to go ahead, finished by the end of this summer.
UBC pays tribute to past women's dean and ex-Ubyssey editor
and X^chlesinaer
•* the JU...
v**urw: \:s\v
w vmwv*;^ «.<\, -st'^p,\v. ■*;-!*•<■:
Treasures Of TfHe Far last
Exhibited At New Gym
• >?"   - T'<»*»«ure  Van*
S»tt Hutchison, Sports Editor, qove in
side information on athletic troubles in
his column "Huddles with Hutch" To
aether with Associate Editor Al Fother-
inghom, Hutchison wrote practically the
whole sporfs paae for the whole season.
O Crfy Editor Myro Green coordinated oil news
coverage ot compus events When not screening
faculty edition* or writing for the Province Myra
trained new reporters to take desiV positions in
t/6vsse> emergencies
• First year or, the P„b, McGtllite Ed
Parker filled Executive Editor's position, and
acted as E-l-C during elections.
THE University session  1X2X3 saw ihe painful convalescence of the lihissey .titer several austeritv u'ars
and one livelv season with Les Armour.    For the first
When the lirst issue of the papsr went to press few old
sellers were left to manage affairs in the Brock basement.
Sports writer Brian Wharf. C.U.P. Editor Sheiia Kearm,
A former dean of Women at UBC and a
former Ubyssey editor are among the 14 Canadians who will receive honorary degrees
from UBC this year.
Margaret Pulton, the 1977-78 dean ofthe
Women's Undergraduate Society, and Joe
Schlesinger, a political correspondent for CBC
television news, will be officially recognized
this spring.
Fulton is a retired English professor who
was the president of Mount Saint Vincent
University in Halifax from 1978-86.
Born in Vienna (1928) and a former Associated Press writer in Prague, Schlesinger
was based in Berlin, Washington, and Paris
between 1974^92. He was the Ubyssey editor-
in-chief in 1952-53. Schlesinger also took a
leave of absence to run for AMS presidency
andfinished a close second (at a time when the
The Ubyssey was published three times a
week and the editor was a member of student
Journalist Allan Fotheringham, who wrote
a Ubyssey column called Campus Chaff, has
said Schlesinger stuffed the ballot box to get
Fotheringham elected as Ubyssey editor-in-
chief in 1953.
Other recipients thisyear are artist Doreen
Jensen, architect Phyllis Lambert (director of
the Canadian Centre of Architecture), nurse
Lyle Creelman, writer and former hockey
player Ken Dryden, writer Louis Cha, publisher Mel Hurtig, business types Minora
Kanao, Peter Bentley, Peter Buckland, and
UBC academics Peter Larkin, Anthony Scott,
and Anne Underbill
Honorary degrees were first presented in
1925. The call for nominations is sent
throughout the academic departments and
advertised in UBC Reports, but anyone may
nominate a person for an honorary degree.
Submissions are reviewed by the Tributes
Committee of Senate and the final list of
nominees is approved or rejected by Senate.
The number of people honoured varies each
March 31,1992
THE UBYSSEY/3 'iX'*,',
Doin' it right: one woman's quest for orgasm
have been around five when I
discovered that rubbing the
little bump where the pee came
out felt really good. As they say,
it was the beginning of a beautiful friendship.
I can honestly say that for
most of my childhood, my clitoris
and I had a rollicking good time.
By some miracle of Masters and
Johnson and Parent Effectiveness
Training (PET, ironically enough),
my parents managed to avoid
screaming hell and damnation every time my hand happened to
wander to my crotch area. (Incidentally, Fve always wanted to
thank them for leaving my sexuality relatively unmangled, but IVe
never quite known how to broach
the subject.
So that was my idyllic childhood. When I hit puberty, things
started to go downhill. As far as I
could tell from extensive reading
of the vast selection of porn and
erotica our culture has to offer,
women did not have orgasms. In
the porn canon, the clitoris was
(and still is) a mysterious and elusive subject. My friends and I
combed the penis-laden pages of
the Penthouse Forum for months.
Women were everywhere writhing
and wiggling under the massive
phalluses of men with names like
Long Dong Silver, but none of them
ever actually came.
Was the clitoris a part of the
anatomy that no one else had?
Were we the only ones who,
throughout our childhood, spent
many happy hours in the bathroom showing each other how we
"did it"? Had there been some kind
of atomic explosion in our
neighbourhood that had
left us with these
strange but fun
body parts?
^A-Xv^-JT'""^ were much
H>*X£** easierfor
boys. Orgasms were natural. They
were a matter of pride. Teenaged
boys got drunk and had contests
to see who could shoot his cum the
farthest. Great writers described
the orgasms ofthe prurient young
male in mind-numbing detail.
Take this passage from Philip
Roth, for example:
"Then came adolescence—
half my waking life spent locked
behind the bathroom door, firing
my wad down the toilet bowl or
into the soiled clothes in the laundry hamper, or splat up against
the medicine chest mirror, before
which I stood in my dropped
drawers so I could see how it looked
coming out."
Maybe not the most poetic
description, but at least it was
What did teenaged girls have?
A busty Jackie Collins character
oohing and aahing as a square-
jawed millionaire worked her
nipples over for the umpteenth
time. Big deal. I mean, nipples are
okay, but they really aren't the
place for action as far as cuming is
I was one ofthe lucky ones. A
lot of my friends had never masturbated and didn't even know
whatcumingfeltlike. "Orgasms?"
cried my best friend in grade ten.
"You dont get those until you're
30 and married or something."
I stare at the ceding and thinks
about getting together later
tonight for some real fan ivith
the zucchini my mother Bought
for Friday night casseroCe.
Another friend claimed
to have had an orgasm
while dancing with her
at the Halloween
masquerade. Yet another friend (who believed touching her
own genitalia was so
disgusting she could
barely put in a tampon
without gagging) measured her orgasms by
the amount of fluid she
"Oh, yeah, it was great.
Cum was running down my
legs in rivers!"
I was dubious. The only
women I knew who came like
that were the onesin the pages
of Playboy. "Yeah, but how did
"I dunno. Okay, I guess.
Pretty good."
It didn't sound like an orgasm to me. "But was it sort oflike
a build up and then kind oflike a
"Not really..."
And on and on it went, the
search to define the female orgasm. Masters and Johnson
couldn't do it. Neither could we,
and again I have to point out that
it must have been easier for teenaged boys: You rub your dick, some
white stuff shoots out. You've had
an orgasm. Easy.
But even for those of us who
actually knew what orgasms were,
the arrival of men on the scene
created a whole new set of problems. The mind of a teenaged boy
is perhaps the only place in the
world where the clitoris is even
more obscure than in the pages of
the porn mags. Teenaged boys,
those paragons of sexual subtlety
who treat cunnilingus like kind of
contest to spread as much spit as
possible over the female genitals
in the minimum amount of time.
It's a muggy day in the summer of my 14th year. Fm spending
a passionate afternoon languishing on the Peter Puck sheets of my
grade 10 boyfriend's bed.
I jerk him off repeatedly. "Ohh
baby ohh ohh baby, baby..." Obviously suckled on the pages of Penthouse, he jams a couple of dry
fingers up my vagina every now
and then in the hopes that Fll erupt
into spasms of ecstasy. I stare at
the ceiling and think about getting
together later tonight for some real
fun with the zucchini my mother
bought for Friday night casserole.
Vegetables were the saving
grace of my teen years. Those years
when the detachable shower nozzle
loses its charms and you begin to
long for something more, but avoid
sending away for The Arouser
("Eleven inches of pure vibrating
pleasure!") because you can just
picture your mother accidentally
opening the package.
Carrots, zucchini, cucumber,
parsnips: I fucked them all—and
then returned them to the vegetable crisper. Masturbating with
vegetables may sound weird, but
ifs not all that unusual. Several of
my friends (and Fm sure, hun
dreds of other women) confess to
the same predilection for tubular
legumes. Next time you eat a vegetable, think about it.
I should probably clarify here
that by fucking vegetables, I don't
mean the vegetables themselves
were the source of pleasure. The
clitoris is always the place to be
when a woman wants to cum. The
zucchini or carrot or whatever just
makes those vaginal contractions
a little bit more fun.
This brings us to another myth
about women's sexuality which
seems to have a lot of currency: the
vaginal orgasm. I have never in
my life had a "vaginal orgasm" and
Tm convinced that there's no such
thing. Thus, Fve always been incredulous of the whole male "big
cock" complex.
Once, one ofmycharming high
school dates was so proud of his
penis size, he decided to comer me
in the washroom just to display his
nine-inch wonder. I barely escaped
with my gag reflex intact.
It doesnt matter if a man has
20 inches—if there's no clitoral
stimulation, there's no fun. And
lefs face it, penises are remarkably badly designed to do that. If
you really want to know what kind
of a lover a man is, take a gander at
his tongue and fingers.
"Oh, yeah, it was great.
Cum was running down my
legs in rivers!"
March 31,1992 "rymjr-
Cronenberg's antidote to cerebral constipation
by Morgan Maenling
SUFFERING from the irregularity of cerebral constipation? In need of an enema to relieve
those cognitive blockages? Requiring an antidote to mental
I j astrictions? Try Cronenberg's Own:
r Laxitive ofthe Mind.
-*. While Cronenberg may con
ceive and give birth to his films,
they rapidly mutate into a virulent
life form of their own.
The director who gave us
Videodrome(1982), The Dead
-*     Zone(1983), The Fly(1985), Dead
„       Ringers(1988) and now Naked
* Lunch(1992), has synthesized his
own genre of philosophical-sci-fi-
horror films that delve into our
deepest fears.
While other films in this genre
>~J"     inspire externalized, objectified
horror, Cronenberg's nightmares
* lurk within. It is the mark we
cannot beat: ourselves.
In Dead Ringers, could Bev and
Elliot Mantle have prevented their
>- <**" premature departure if they had
been able to disentangle them-
"""■»• selves? Or, was it because they were
trying to separate that eventually
led to their untimely demise?
CRONENBERG: Bev and Elliot
„.v     were not unique amongst the
couples. I don't think they could
•"".».     have lived apart because to say
they could have lived apart, would
be to say that they were different
people. But they weren't complete
enough people. I think that was
^ _,►     the problem.
*».       Are you afraid of death ?
CRONENBERG: Yes...to imagine
non-existence before we were born.
Ifs a little hard, somehow, to conceive of yourself as being dead,
once you've been alive. So it's
^      definatelyaproblem.Noquestion...
-*> Does it bother you that a lot of
women find your films difficult to
CRONENBERG: Well, Tm not so
sure that thafs true actually. More
"*" than men, lets put it that way. A
. r,       lot of men found even the first
"■*'      scene of gynecological examination
in Dead Ringers very difficult because, of course, men don't ever
see that, or are exposed to it. They
^        prefer to ignore it.
What's your fascination withgyne-
""* ■*■     cologists?
CRONENBERG: The fascination
is in everybody else's avoidance of
the topic. There are very few movies made that have gynecologists
in them. I think it exposes a lot of
anxiety and sexual strangeness
about the way our society is set up
and thafs why I was interested.
Ifs not gynecologists so much as
the phenomenon of gynecology.
Everybody thinks of it in sexual
terms, in the abstract.
Well, the instruments., those lovely,
creative instruments that you
invented...I thought, well, isnt that
the way it is for women, anyway.
The way they're treated by the
medical profession.
CRONENBERG: Well...I think
there's truth in that. Although I
happen to think its pretty even-
handed. I think the medical profession treats everybody badly. Ifs
set up to be a system, a dehumanized system. So, I dont think
ifs exclusive to women. Ifs always
difficult and ifs a strange thing
that you're doing. Ifs an intimate
thing, medicine in general. Surgery
is very intimate. I mean more intimate than se—gynecology is.
More intimate than sex...ha, ha..
CRONENBERG: Well, it is!...
WeVe talking about physical intimacy, not emotional. But, I mean
you can have a doctor handling
your heart. Literally. And yet
If you distance yourself too much,
then you dehumanize the whole
process. For me, my scientists and
doctors are really my artists.
They're the ones who have some
kind of vision, some kind of drive to
understand the human condition.
And if it goes wrong, ifs easier to
understand things when they go
Do you think you know how your
films come across? Does the artist
always know exactly what he or she
is communicating on every level?
CRONENBERG: No...absolutely
not. It would be really boring if you
did. What happens is that in interviews, for example, you are
forced to be analytical about things
that you are completely intuitive
about when you were doing them.
If a film is good, if a piece of art is
good, it will evoke many responses.
What makes the difference between
those who create and those who
Let's drop the puck
for national unity
by Mark Nielsen
I have an idea that Fve been
developing on various bathroom
walls around campus and now I
feel it is ready for publishing. So
here goes.
Over the
years we've
tried any of a
number of formulas and approaches towards solving this never-ending
national unity crisis we've had.
But we've never tried the one approach that makes us truly Canadian—namely our ability to skate
and shoot.
In other words, how about using our national sport to solve our
national problems? Thafs right—
a best-of-seven series between the
best hockey players in Quebec and
the best in the rest of Canada.
Better yet, in reflection ofthe
Sports Rant
regional differences that various
sections ofthe country have been
fabricating in order the gain more
leverage in the endless constitutional talks how about this?
We could have a full-blown
tournament featuring teams rep-
Canada, the
Atlantic provinces, the aboriginal nations and the North.
It sure would add a whole new
meaning to the Canada Cup. Of
course, there's always a chance
the Russians would win it.
•Anyway, while I have all this
room, and since I write the sports
here, maybe I should fill you in on
what has happened in varsity
sports since the strike occurred.
The big story is that the UBC
Thunderbirds were impressively
dispatched by the eventual na-
CRONENBERG: Ifs not anything
you can really take credit for. Ifs
probably partly genetic and partly
environmental. People say, "Boy,
you've got a weird mind..." and I
say that I think everybody has a
weird mind and is equally able to
make the kind of connections that
I do. But most people suppress it,
are afraid of it and don't exercise
By the time theyVe adults,
ifs withered away. But I think
people, in their dreams, if they
would only allow themselves to dip
alittleintothatunconcious stream,
would probably find the most
amazing metaphors and images
and connections. But most people
are so locked into the sort of official
reality that we're all given as part
of our culture that ifs drained
Mir6, the Spanish painter, said
it took him forty years of painting
to get back to where he was when
he was painting at the age of five.
Ifs just stripping away all of the
extraneous structures that are put
on us, and that we have to live
with, but it sometimes kills and
restrains other things that are
Do you believe in God?
CRONENBERG: I think Tm almost biologically incapable of believing in God. I think ifs very
probable that we are alone in the
universe and a lot of sci-fi people
really hate hearing that. But I
think ifs conceivable that the earth
is it.
And that we are the only example of our particular kind of
intelligence that exists. And I think
the only meaning in the universe
is in the human brain. I don't think
there's a God or a system outside
us that is somehow delivered to us
that we should live up to. We have
to do it ourselves.
Thafs scary, most people don't
want to accept that. Ifs too much
responsibility and it leaves too
many possibilities for huge error.
But of course, even the fact that
there are many religions and many
versions of God, the errors are
enormous anyway, so I don't think
we could be worse off. To me, the
responsibility returns to us immediately. Ifs a scary thing to think
You sometimes dance around the
issue of 'misogyny...alluding to men
and women having different agendas.
CRONENBERG: Well I know, but
much the way you think my films
might dance around the issue of
misogyny, attribute, lets say, my
characters attitudes to women, to
me. And Fm saying no, you have
got to understand, I don't make my
films from that place.
I have to be free to create characters who are not me. If there's a
character who truly believes that
men and women are a different
species, lefs see what happens.
Where does that lead us?
Ifs not a statement of belief
on my pari:. And I think thafs
where the difficulty comes in. Tm
inviting my audience along on a
sort of dream-like, philosophical
enquiry and Fm not setting myself
up as somebody who knows the
answers. But I might have an interesting question...
Cronenberg caresses "Sex-Blob" with a few friends hanging around.
tional champion Brock Badgers 90-
82 March 22 in the semi-finals of
the four-day CIAU men's basketball championship in Halifax, Nova
The Thunderbirds had built
up a 13-point halftime lead but
were also in deep foul-trouble.
Fifth-year players J.D. Jackson
and Jason Leslie both had three
fouls each as the Thunderbirds had
trouble keeping their up-tempo
game on track.
In the meantime, Badger's
first-year guard Dave Picton
started shooting the lights out,
draining 18 of his 22 points from
three-point range helping to open
up Brock's inside game.
With Brock in the lead, Jackson committed two quick fouls and
was out of the game with 5:38 to
play. Little more than a minute
later Leslie fouled out.
Jackson finished the game
with 24 points while Bob Heighten
got 17 points and 12 rebounds.
It was an inauspicious end to
the career of Jackson, arguably
one ofthe best players CIAU basketball has ever had. But according to stories in the Sun and the
Province the next day, he was giving returning players some advice
for the 1992/93 season.
The career may be over, but
the legend, and the legacy lives on.
•Jackson and sprinter Lori
Durward were named UBC Athletes of the Year.
March 31,1992
THE UBYSSEY/5 Editorial
Due to the pressure of mid-terms
and essay deadlines, we are inviting
you, the reader, to write your own
editorial. Just fill in the blanks—or, if
you need a good laugh, ask some friends
to fill in the blanks without telling
them anything other than the kind of
word you need. Then read the editorial
out loud.
 (name of politician), has done it again. His/her blatant disregard for all	
(adjective) and (adjective)
(plural noun) astounds us all. Last
week, when she/he had the offensive
 (plural noun) removed
from the (adjective)	
(noun), we applauded. These oblong
monstrosities made -ing (verb)
a nightmare for (noun).
But we are appalled at his/her recent
decision to withdraw the funds meant
to (verb) shiny, new,
(adjective) (noun). Instead,
she/he is using the student funds to
bring in a speaker on (possible
speech topic) for the student politician.
What nerve!
 (same name of politician) obviously has no respect for
(plural noun) rights to (verb).
We wish upon him/her eternal
(form of torture). We call on all
(adjective) students to fight back! Show
up at (place or event), pull
down your pants, and (verb).
(politician) wallow
Make the
in the (noun) he/she has so
happily ignored. If we (verb)
in solidarity, we will triumph!
the Ubyssey
March 31, 1992
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The editorial office is Room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279
The Ubyssey Is a founding member of
Canadian University Press
Raul Peschiera the scissors snipped painstakingly at Toenail Paul Dayson. He yelled,
"Holy Carla Maftechuk manicure, don't push
my cuticles around." Turnip Sharon lindores
was destined to have fabulous vegetarian
orgasms. Corn-on-the-cob Dianne Rudolf
showed Jonathan Wong how to utilize greens.
Graham Cook stewed up Rick Hiebert and
Wong Kwok Somethin'or^Rother and
M.Maenling in a big pot for .3am Green to
taste test. Linguine Lucho van Isschot lusted
for green beans to play with Rutabaga Paula
Wellings and Tomato Paul Gordon. Mark
Nielsen shot and scored with a cucumber and
said, "I've played with an eggplant or two in
my days." Oh, glorious salad, Effie Pow.
Paul Dayoon • Sharon Undaraa • Carta Maftaehuk
Raftl Poochlera • EffloPow
Photo Editor • Paul Gordon
Dear friends...
30,000 elite 'minds'!
academia mismanaged?
scapegoat employees.
Eli J. Martin
Arts 3
Be friends...
it's healthy
The strike by support
staff (CUPE Unions 116 and
2950) is now over. It has
been a time of tasting for the
UBC community. As UBC
Chaplains, we believe that
the time for healing and rebuilding must begin if we
are to have a community
based upon mutual respect,
cooperation and commitment to a common goal.
1. Any attempt at revenge must be replaced by
dialogue and understanding. Workers need to be welcomed back into offices and
workplaces across campuses
without bitterness or recrimination.
2. Healing must include
the healing of personal anger, fear and disappointment. That must begin with
open dialogue. We need to
recognize that tensions and
frustrations have been high
on both sides, and there
should be an opportunity to
deal with these.
3. We need to create a
better atmosphere and system for conflict resolution in
the future labour issues. The
present system avoids the
real issues of any dispute,
and focuses on the survival
ofthe fittest and destructive
strategies of manipulation.
We hope a group made up of
all parties will undertake to
examine this labour dispute,
and make recommendations
that will insure such action
is unnecessary in the future.
4. It is important that
the university move quickly
to clarify the situation of
students. We are aware that
some students are under the
impression that selected
faculty members have indicated that they do not intend
to comply with the policy. We
are personally aware of
many students who misunderstood the situation about
attendance at classes and
responsibility for material
covered during the strike.
Every effort should be made
to alleviate student anxiety,
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241K.  Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
and enable students to finish the year. We believe that
in those cases where there
has been misunderstanding
that some form of mediation
be available, and that flexibility be extended in favour
ofthe students.
The Chaplains
Association at UBC
English gets
gold star
Thank you very much
for the short article by Carla
Maftechuk about the English grad students' conference in your March 3 number. However, there is an
error in the article which I
would like to correct in order
to set the record straight.
The original idea for the
conference began in the English Department's Graduate Committee and it was
organized by the English
Department and the
programme in Comparitive
The Centre for research
in Women's Studies and
Gender Relations very graciously helped us bring our
keynote speaker, Professor
Patricia Clements, of the
University of Alberta, to the
campus. Suggesting that the
"women's centre expressing
interest...got [the graduate
committee] going" in organizing the conference is
The Centre's support
was very welcome and made
a significant contribution to
the success ofthe conference,
but the impression your article leaves is erroneous.
John Cooper
Assistant Professor
The cult
of EUS
This is a response to Pat
Williston. Pat, I am the guy
who you claim "identified
himself as an engineer" and
"expressed his disgust in all
engineering students." Now,
think about it. Do you seriously think that anybody in
their right mind would believe this? Do you seriously
believe that I would spit in
my own face? Next time you
try to misquote someone
please workatitalittlemore.
What I actually said was that
EUS—the well known sexist,
racist, and homophobic society on campus—did not
represent the whole of the
engineering students; that
they are a minority of bigots
who fit very well within the
existing power structure in
this university. I emphasized
that there were a large
number of engineers who
supported the workers in the
strike but were intimidated
into crossing the picket lines.
These students were obviously not represented by the
EUS—most of whose members proudly crossed the
picket lines. EUS did nothing during the strike to represent those students who
honoured the picket lines.
Instead, they chose to take
advantage of the strike to
get out of the token reprimand imposed on them by
the administration for publishing hateful and racist
crap in their rag. Apparently,
in one ofthe AMS scab meetings, one engineering student had suggested that the
council members should
wear a red jacket for a day to
experience discrimination
against engineers. First of
all, the majority of engineering students do NOT wear
red jackets. Secondly, the red
jackets do NOT represent
engineers. The red jackets
are about years of racist,
sexist, and homophobic traditions propagated through
ritualistic right wing traditions and the red rag. The
red jackets are about demeaning women by the sexist tradition of Godiva Ride.
The red jackets are about
encouraging gay-bashing.
The red jackets are about
years of discrimination. That
is why red jackets are not
popular in this university—
even in engineering departments. The same applies to
an all-white KKK outfit.
Finally, I would like to reiterate that engineering is not
an ideology, tradition, or a
way oflife. Engineers do not
have a common political belief. Nevertheless, for years
engineering schools have
been used to breed managers
and bosses. It is natural that
a cult such as EUS be formed
to reinforce the extreme right
wing agenda of their future
employers. It was not an
accident that every issue of
the red rag used to be and
still is full of right wing, anti-
communist, and anti-intellectual crap. A core of managers have to be trained in
engineering schools—being
an executive in EUS may
not be a plus in the academic
community but it sure looks
good on your resume. This is
going to be my analysis of
the existence of a cult such
as EUS, unless someone
proves to me that Ohms law
somehow leads to bigotry.
Siavash Alamouti
Electrical Engineering
All media is
With the experience of
20 months of stay in Canada
behind me, I would safely
put my bet on the former
one. Everybody knows that
the articles in any of the
mainstream news-papers in
former USSR were biased
and one-sided, so the people
were skeptical about the
authenticity and purpose of
the news items. North
American media is supposed
to be free, and hence people
believe the articles to be
balanced and authentic. But
alas! they are getting a biased and stereotyped portrayal ofthe events. If anybody has any doubt, the articles published in the newspapers about the recent
strike in UBC clarifies it.
Joyis Thomas
Civil Engineering
The UBC Department of Creative
Writing present The
Best of Brave New
Play Rites, six original short plays by
UBC Creative Writing students, April 2,
3, 4 at the Presentation House, 333
Chesterfield Avenue
in North Vancouver.
$8/adults. $5/stu-
dents, seniors, unemployed. Reservations 986-1351 Info
March 31,1992 BTffWmiW
Religious claptrap
and all that jazz
I am compelled to respond
to Rob Tamaki's opinion piece
of February 25,1992 ("Sex under god's moral law"), during
which he asks readers to
"Please do not disregard my
claims as a religious claptrap..."
Well Rob, everything I read
in your piece suggests otherwise. First>—The Bible is 2000
years old, and quotingfrom it is
simply preaching to the converted, literally. To me it's a
piece of fiction that some give
far too much weight to. If you
truly knew your Bible, you
would discover dozens of quotations that are diametrically
contradictory and, heaven forbid (excuse the pun), might even
question your faith.
Typical of fanatics, Rob
points toward the AIDS problem as an indication from the
almighty that pre-marital sex
is wrong. Newsflash—sex does
not unequivocally equal AIDS
(or STDs, abortions, and so on).
Oh, but I forgot. Your all-loving
god is sending this symbol as a
warning. This god, I presume,
would be the same god described in the Bible (that you
quote from extensively) occasionally as a ruthless killer.
Finally, Rob, how do you
explain the Catholic priests,
bishops or whatever that take
vows of celibacy and end up
getting convicted of sexually
assaulting young boys? Could
it be that it is not natural to
suppress one's "animalistic instinctive desires"? Maybe god's
moral law is a big pile of religious claptrap.
Perhaps the drop in the followers of your imagined supreme creator is indicative of
people that can think for themselves and don't have to fall
back on religion in order to deal
with life and some of its harsher
Volunteer for
Songs of the Heart
Our post-secondary institutions are accused of sheltering
apathetic students. This is a
myth we can shatter. Many
students of U.B.C. participate
in numerous volunteer organizations and activities available
for helping various groups in
the community. The Chinese
Collegiate Society invites caring individuals to undertake a
very rewarding challenge.
Right now, anyone who is interested in aiding a very special
group of people can assist the
Chinese Collegiate Society in
its production of Songs of the
For those who are not familiar with Songs ofthe Heart,
it is an annual variety
programme which raises funds
for a charity selected by the
Chinese Collegiate Society.
This year, the CCS. has the
pleasure of supporting the
Friendly Visit Group of
S.U.C.C.E.S.S. with the proceeds from the show. The
United Chinese Community
Enrichment Service Society
(S.U.C.C.E.S.S.) is a non-profit
organization dedicated to as-
P.S. I could have quoted
extensively from some poetry
Fve written, but somehow didn't
think you would consider it
Dave Thomson
Wimmin don't
want equality
I have just finished perusing the Women's Issue and I
just cannot help feeling somewhat nauseous. I am a woman.
I am not a womyn or wimmin, it
is incredible not to read those
words without having a laugh.
I support feminism, I want
equality for women, I hate
prejudice against any group or
race. But changing words accomplishes nothing but an invitation to ridicule. I like being
a woman. I couldn't give a shit
if the word man was in it. I
want a lot of men's opinions
towards women to change.   I
want women to have EQUALITY. But if I went to a country
that suppressed whites I
wouldn't think that changing
the spelling to whytes would do
a bit of good. Be proud that we
are women. Don't belittle me
by making me feel like there is
something wrong with my sex.
Don't belittle all the men that
support true feminism by suggesting that sharing 3 letters
in a word is repulsive. I can't
believe that equality can be
achieved through self-segregation. But maybe that's the
point. Wimmin don't want
equality, they want to take over
the world! Sorry ladies (oops
that has lad in it) your credibility has slipped. I now
wonder what will happen to
the word human?
Mrs. Sue Chatwin
A woman and damn
proud to be onel
I am womyn; hear me roar
by Dianne Rudolf
I am writing in anticipation
of the inevitable negative response to the use of alternative
spellings of "woman" in The
Ubyssey's March 6 women's
issue. Using "wimmin" or
"womyn" does not indicate a
lack of pride in being a woman,
i    t    .
Though it may appear a trivial
or pointless literary gesture to
some, we are criticizing the
sexism 1- - anguage that is part
of a bigger .vhole.
Prejudice, discrimination
and violence against women is
learned and perpetuated
through the mass media, our
educational system, our families, religious organizations,
Enjoying the Sunday weather at Jericho Beach, comtemplating the
next letter to write to The Ubyssey
sistingthe Chinese community
in Vancouver and the Lower
Mainland through its broad
services and programs.
One of these services is the
Friendly Visit Group, which is
composed of volunteer senior
citizens. Some senior citizens
are often unable to venture out-
of-doors independently and
must face loneliness and monotony. There are others who
are lonely because they lack
families or friends. The volunteering seniors ofthe Friendly
Visit Group are active individuals who assist, befriend,
and support other senior citizens. They can be found extending themselves and enriching the lives of seniors; their
presence is felt in a diversity of
locations ranging from hospitals and retirement homes to
individual households.
In order to sustain their activities, the Friendly Visit
Group requires funds to reimburse their volunteers for their
transportation costs, to employ
a part-time staff to overlook
the program, and to cover other
organizational expenses. Although S.U.C.C.E.S.S. provides
these remarkable individuals
with financial support, their
costs exceed their resources.
Continuing our tradition of
supporting diverse charities
and volunteer programs in the
past, the CCS. will donate this
year's proceeds from Songs of
the Heart to the Friendly Visit
This year the CCS. is preparing for the show with the
annual frenzy of activities. The
objective ofthe CCS. is to encourage a balanced student life
with numerous sporting and
social events. This balance includes participation in the
community. This year, as in
previous years, the C.C.S. requires many volunteers and
corporate sponsors to make the
show a success. Last year,
Songs ofthe Heart raised over
$8,000 for the Friendly Visit
Group. With your help, we hope
to exceed that amount thisyear.
If you are able to volunteer
or direct us to corporate sponsors for Songs of the Heart,
please feel free to visit us in our
club office, S.U.B. 241D, from
11:45 to 1:15 p.m. or call us at
822-6117. If no one answers,
please leave a message and we
will be happy to call you back.
Arts 2
No political
arrangement: the
clear choice is
I am writing in response to
the February 28 opinion piece
by dillusioned Liberal, E.
Griffith, who argued persuasively that the Liberal Party
has joined the continentalist
ranks ofthe Conservatives and
Reformers by refusing to abrogate the disastrous Mulroney
Canada-US trade deal. Griffifth
is of course quite right. But
Griffith is very wrong in sug-
gestingthatno opposition party
has taken a "real stand" on the
Deal. Audrey McLaughlin and
my colleagues in the federal
New Democratic caucus have
said clearly that a federal New
Democrat government would
immediately give six months
notice to abrogate the trade
For Canadians who realize
that the Mulroney trade deal
and even more ominously the
possible extension of the deal
to include Mexico is a disaster,
there is only one hope in the
next election. And it is certainly
not, as Griffith blindly suggests,
an "arrangement" betweeen
peer groups and countless other
sources. Having the power of
self-definition is infinitely better than having a social label
thrust upon us which is a derivative of a male root (such as
fe/male and wo/man).
Changing language in this
way takes us one step closer to
an authority on ourselves, on
what we
wish to call ourselves.
In formal writing we are
taught to refer to "he" if we're
uncertain about one's gender.
God is referred to as "He,"
whatever the religion. Boys
have toy guns and dump trucks
as playthings; girls, who are
just out of infanthood themselves, are taught to mother
"babies" who can eat and crap
like the genuine article.
The childhood textbooks we
have all used depict the boy
saving the helpless girl from
harm. Even in French we must
distinguish between "masculine" and "feminine" parts of
speech (words like "jolie" are
All of these teachings inevitably bring all society
members to the conclusion that
women are destined to rely on
men, and that a woman's proper
place is in the home nursing
babies, cooking and cleaning.
People say that has all
changed now. That women have
finally made it in formerly
"male-dominated" fields. The
truth is that very few women
reach the uppermost rungs of
any ladder and most are still
stuck in dead-end jobs.
People say women have
earned respect. Then why the
continued verbal, emotional
and physical abuse? Why are
the rape crisis centres and
battered women's shelters still
around? Why don't women feel
safe walking alone at night?
It's not about paranoia, it's
about reality, and the reality is
that there is a danger. We don't
want to take over the world, we
just want an equal share.
New Democrats and Liberals.
Chretian's Liberals would not
kill'the deal. McLaughlin's New
Democrats would. The choice
is clear. I invite E.Griffith and
the many other disillusioned
Liberals to join our movement
to save Canada.
Svend J. Robinson, MP
New Democrat External
Affairs Critic
The last issue
for winter session 1991-92
is Friday, April
The Ubyssey
will resume
publication in
March 31,1992
Birth mothers call for change in adoption process
by Dawn Bule
WINNIPEG(CUP)—Birth mothers and couples wishing to adopt
in Manitoba want to have more
say in the adoption process.
Child and Family Services do
not usually allow contact between
the birth mother and adoptive
family, although children may
start researching their parents at
age 18 if the birth mother agrees.
"Susan," a birth mother, said
the agency never contacted her
after the adoption process was finalized, because Child and Family Services' mandate is to help
the children, not the birth mother.
"They should blow up [Child
and Family Services] and start all
over again," Susan said.
She said the agency is paternalistic in its approach to adoption. "It should be more client-
centered, they should cut the red
tape, drop their own agenda and
start finding out what people
Susan said the views of
women and motherhood held by
social workers at Child and Family
Services reflect those of society in
general. "For sure there's a stigma
to women giving their children up
for adoption. Motherhood is mandatory in our society."
She said Child and Family
Services tries to keep the family
together at all costs. "I have a
brother who left his wife with the
children. Ifs the same thing I did,
but I get the criticism."
Susan said she had to fight
the provincial adoption agency
every step ofthe way to make sure
she had an arrangement with her
children's placement family that
was good for her as well.
In her case it meant periods
of visitation which tapered off after
the children had bonded with then-
new parents.
She said the social worker
from Child and Family Services
was uncomfortable with the
openness in the relationship between herself and the placement
family. He wanted Susan to get
another social worker to represent
her side.
She said that would set up an
adversarial relationship creating
animosity instead of understanding between both parties.
Susan said a volunteer run
organization, Adoption Options,
is excellent by comparison, but
she found out about it after she
had gone through the Child and
Family Services process.
She now volunteers at Adoption Options, counselling
birthmothers at the agency.
Sara Riches and Karen Linde,
both adoptive parents, formed
Adoption Options in 1989 to edu
cate people looking to adopt.
Except for a few "super social
workers," they said this aspect
was lacking in the Child and
Family Services adoption process.
Riches said they "very quickly
realized" birthmothers needed a
counselling and educational service as much as adopting couples.
When a woman contacts
Adoption Options, "We do not assume she's placing her baby for
adoption, we assume she's pregnant," Riches said.
She said they make sure she
has explored the options of marriage and single parenting.
Riches said abortion has not
been an option with any of the
women that come to her because
they are too advanced in their
pregnancy, or the children are already born.
The organization is an advocate of open adoption, which
means the birth mother may chose
from 70registeredcouple8thetype
of religion, race and lifestyle she
wants in a placement family.
Adoption Options then facilitates a meeting of both parties,
when they plan their future together.
If the woman decides to go
through the adoption process she
must see a lawyer and a social
worker from Child and Family
Adoption Options gets funding from the United Way and is
supported by a $500 fee for
weekend seminars for couples
looking to adopt.
Jenifer and Murray Jones
took the course and said it helped
them immensely when they
adopted privately.
Jenifer Jones said she and
her husband prefer private adoption because of the contact with
the birth mother. "Ifs better when
you give a child up to at least
know the people. [Our first birth
mother] got to meet us and we met
her family and went toher house."
Ms. Jones said they send photos to the birth mother at Christmas and on birthdays. And they
have a letter from the birth mother
explaining why she had give up
her child.
"[Our daughter] will meet her
birth mother some day. We're
quite sure about that. We have a
letter from her birth mother to
give her when she's 18. Or if she's
having problems with her identity
well give it to her earlier."
Private adoption is expensive.
The Jones spent $6,000, with most
of it going to lawyers' fees.
The adopting couple in private adoptions pays the birth
mother's legal fees as well as their
own, but it is illegal to pay the
mother or anyone else for a child
in Canada.
"Lawyers are the ones who
get all the money. It just irks me
that a girl may need food and
clothes but you can't give her a
cent," Ms. Jones said.
Adopting couples are required
to get a home study by Child and
Family Services or pay a private
psychologist to do the study.
Riches said prior to government intervention in the '40s,
adoption was a private matter
done through family and church.
She said she does not understand
why the process was made anony-
Barbra Langtry, adoption coordinator for Manitoba Child and
Family Services, said the agency
has started providing adoptive
parents with anonymous background information about their
adopted child.
"The experts' feelings in the
'60s were heredity was not a factor in how the youngster turned
out. Over the years it became apparent heredity does play a big
factor in diseases, talents and
tendencies toward certain emotional reactions."
She says private adoption
would not suit everyone because
ofthe high cost involved, and the
risk of a birth mother changing
her mind after promising the child
to the adoptive couple.
Birth mothers retain custody
rights six months after the child
is born in private adoption, which
is not the case in anonymous
adoption through Child and
Family Services.
  . "*""™*fei*
Paddlin' away the waves off Jericho Beach.
Ontario professors' organization attacks harassment policies
by Krishna Rau
formed group of Ontario professors says policies combatting
sexual harassment and racism are
damaging academic freedom.
But critics say the Society for
Academic Freedom and Scholarship is perpetuating discrimination.
The society—incorporated in
Ontario in February as a nonprofit corporation—was createdby
professors at the University of
Western Ontario (UWO). It now
claims a membership of 40 including professors at U of T, York,
Waterloo, Ottawa, Carleton and
The group also says it supports Phillipe Rushton's right to
research, but it does not necessarily agree with his theory. Rushton
is a UWO psychology professor
who caused an uproar in 1989
when he released a theory which
linked race to intelligence.
"We're concerned about a
number of issues relating to the
traditional role of the faculty
scholar," said UWO psychology
professor Douglas Jackson, the
treasurer-secretary of SAFS.
Jackson said the Rushton case
played a role in the formation of
the group, and its decision to support freedom of research. However, U of T psychology professor
John Furedy, a board member,
said the group was not "a sort of
Rushton defence league."
But a March, 1990 letter to a
social science faculty appeal com-
mittee written by Davison
Ankney, a UWO zoology professor
and SAFS member, defended
Rushton's research.
"The data that he has compiled are far more extensive, convincing and genetically-based
than are those used in similar
analyses of geographic races of
other animals...how simple yet
eloquent was his theory, i.e. why
hasn't someone already thought
of that?" the letter stated.
An advertisement by the
group in UWO's administration
newspaper, the Western News,
says research should not be "curtailed as socially inappropriate or
Jackson said the group also
feels race relations and sexual harassment policies can be used to
prevent professors from teaching
sex or race differences.
"This kind of well-meaning
initiative can be carried so far as
to have an effect on knowledge,"
he said.
But Madeline Lennon, the
president of UWO's Caucus on
Women's Issues and the chair of
the sexual harassment policy review committee, said the group is
simply using stereotypes to rally
"The general feeling is that
the statements that are made
seem to perpetuate exaggerations
and myths about what employment equity and policies on sexual
harassment are about."
"What I find in all this is a
lack of common sense," she said.
Furedy said he joined the
group after he learned U of Ts
advisory committee on race relations was "looking into any text
that might offend any
individual...There is this atmosphere of censorship and self-censorship."
"(SAFS) doesn't really have a
party line. All it stands for is academic freedom."
But Carol Agocs, the chair of
UWO's employment equity committee, said the group is actually
hurting academic freedom.
"My hope is that the prospective members recognize that academic freedom and quality will be
strengthened where there is
equality for groups that are
underrepresented and poorly
served by the university," she said.
March 31,1992


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