UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 9, 1981

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Vol. LXIII, No. 38
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, January 9,1981 °^^»4
228-2301 George & Berny's
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
Invites Applications for
Walter Gage Residence, Place Vanier Residence,
Totem Park Residence
The ideal applicants for these positions will be students who are in their final
undergraduate year, are unclassified, or are graduate students and who have
substantial experience living and working in residence. These postions will be
attractive '.o those who have skills and interests in working in an extensively
people oriented field. Major responsibilities include the following:
(al Supervising the residence's Advisors
(b) Being the contact person between the Department and the Residence
(c) Ensuring that proper standards of behaviour are maintained.
Those interested in applying for one of these positions should submit a
resume and letter explaining their reasons for being interested in the position
to Dima Utgoff, Coordinator of Residence Student Affairs, at the Ponderosa
Housing Office (mailing address: 2071 West Mall, University Campus, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Y9 on or before Wednesday, January 14, 1981). Please
phone Dima at 228-5778 for further information about these positions.
Sponsored by The Women Students' Office
With the support of The Leon and
Thea Koerner Foundation
•W All Students, Faculty and Staff are invited. ^
Jan. 13 - Feb. 17
Every Tuesday, 12:35 p.m.
SUB Auditorium Free
TERM II - 1981
Registration for all Recreational Instruction Classes will begin Monday,     Memorial Gym. Office hours are Monday through Friday, 9:00-4:00.
January 5,1981 and proceed until Friday, January 16,1981, as long as     Instructional Classes will then begin the week of Monday, January 19,
space permits. The registration will take place at the Intramural-     1981. Thank you.
Recreational Sports Programme Office, located in Room 203, War
Strength Training
Jan. 19-Feb. 13
5:30-6:30 p.m.
Universal Weight Room
War Memorial Gym
Feb. 23-Mar. 20
5:30-6:30 p.m.
Universal Weight Room
War Memorial Gym
Circuit Training
Jan. 20-Feb. 12
5:30-6:30 p.m.
Circuit, War Memorial
Feb. 24-Mar. 19
5:30-6:30 p.m.
Circuit, Wai' Memorial
Jan. 19-Feb. 25
1:30-2:30 p.m.
Gym Floor, War
Memorial Gym
Mar. 2-Apr. 1
1:30-2:30 p.m.
Gym Floor, War
Memorial Gym
Jan. 19-Apr. 3
6:30-7:30 p.m.
Gym B, Osborne Centre
Basic Skating
Jan. 20-Apr. 1
9:45-10:45 p.m.
Thunderbird Winter
Sports Centre
Jazz Dance
I(all levels)
Jan. 20-Apr. 2
12:30-1:30 p.m.
Tues.: Gym E
Thurs: Gym B
Osborne Centre
I(all levels)
Jan. 22-Apr. 2
7:30-9:30 p.m.
Gym E, Osborne Centre
Modern Dance
Jan. 19-Mar. 30
5:00-7:00 p.m.
Room 208, Armoury
Jan. 20-Mar. 31
1:30-3:30 p.m.
Room 208, Armoury
Jan. 22-Apr. 2
1:30-3:30 p.m.
Room 208, Armoury
Jan. 19-Mar. 30
5:00-7:00 p.m.
Room 208, Armoury
Jan. 21-Apr. 1
7:30-9:30 p.m.
Room 208, Armoury
Jan. 19-Feb. 23
8:30-10:30 p.m.
Jan. 19-Feb. 25
12:30-1:15 p.m.
Jan. 20-Feb. 27
12:30-1:15 p.m.
Jan. 21-Feb. 25
8:30-10:30 p.m.
Jan. 24-Mar. 28
9:00-10:00 a.m.
Mar. 2-Mar. 30
8:30-10:30 p.m.
Mar. 2-Apr. 1
12:30-1:15 p.m.
Mar. 3-Apr. 3
12:30-1:15 p.m.
Mar. 4-Apr. 1
8:30-10:30 p.m.
Jan. 19-Apr. 1
4:30-6:30 p.m.
Rooms 211-213, War
Memorial Gym
Women's Self Defense
Jan. 20-Mar. 31
7:30-8:30 p.m.
Gym E, Osborne Centre
NOTE: Due to prior bookings of some facilities for special events, some classes will have to be cancelled.
Class participants will be notified in advance.
Weight Room           Mon.-Thurs.               3:30-5:00 p.m.
(War Mem. Gym)     Fri.                              2:30-4:00 p.m.
Gymnastics Gym      Mon. Tues. Wed.      12:30-1:20 p.m.
(Osborne Qre.)        Mon. Tues. Thurs.     2:30-3:45 p.m.
Mon. Wed. Fri.          7:00-9:00 p.m.
Page 2
Friday, January 9,1S61 Boys and girls,
today's lesson is.
v   j^^^ti/^jj
7P"ii Tl_r^^       Jr        M/mW-—
G iris use what boys invent
I'll bet you never realized you learned it in
school. That men are assertive, independent
and capable, that women are passive, weak
and dependent was, in all likeliness, transmitted to you in the classroom.
Sure your parents — and other adults —
probably helped. And television, books and
magazines did nothing to contradict these
edicts about the nature of the sexes.
But by and large, no social institution has
worked as hard as the educational system —
from pre-school to post-grad — to teach
males and females their "proper" places in
It starts in nursery school. A spate of recent studies have revealed how both male and
female teachers from pre-school on unwit
tingly foster an environment where children
learn that boys are aggressive and able to
solve problems, while girls are obedient and
By treating boys differently than girls
teachers unconsciously maintain, if not actually create, the belief that boys are better
equipped for the world of action, where they
can and do influence their environment,
while girls are the passive recipients of male
According to authors Nancy Frazier and
Myra Sadker, from an early age girls are actively discouraged from exploration and independence. Several studies like the 1977
study by psychologists Lisa Serbin and K.
Daniel O'Leary have shown boys are rewarded for working on projects of their own and
girls are encouraged to remain within arm's
reach of the teacher.
When girls attempt to join in the energetic
play of the boys more often than not they are
admonished for being "tomboys." Even
when they are not specifically forbidden to
engage in the rough-and-tumble play, they
are often effectively prevented from doing so
by the restrictive dresses that are still the required uniform in some Vancouver schools.
Girls soon discover that being a girl is not
as much fun as being a boy.
Boys receive more attention in the
classroom than girls do, reinforcing notions
that boys are more important. Numerous
studies have documented the fact that although boys are yelled at more by their teachers than girls, they are also listened to more,
and receive more praise and instruction.
In a comprehensive study by Lisa Serbin it
was revealed that boys received eight times
more individualized instruction than girls, except when the classes were involved in traditionally feminine activities, like cooking or
That women are ranked lower than men is
demonstrated by virtually every social institution, and the educational system is no exception. The social relationship between men
and women that children most often observe
in school is that of the usually male principal
to the usually female and subordinate
teacher. According to the status of women
committee of the B.C. Teachers Federation
in B.C., despite the fact that 95.5 per cent of
elementary school teachers are female, only
10 per cent of the elementary school principals are women.
Is it surprising then that as children advance through school girls experience a growing sense of inferiority while boys do not? Although children do not differ measurably in
self-esteem when they enter the school system, as reported in the Journal of Genetic
Psychology, as boys and girls progress they
come to think more highly of boys, with a
corresponding drop in their regard for girls.
Children learn early and pervasively what
girls do is different from what boys do. Play
materials are clearly sex-typed, with a wider
range of toys designated for use by boys.
"Free play" is a misnomer because during
time set aside for free play girls tend to be
guided either by implicit expectations or by
direct suggestions from their teachers toward
playthings that prepare them for their future
roles as mothers and homemakers.
Conversely, boys have more options and
are allowed more free-ranging play. They
soon learn, however, to avoid dolls and other
play materials considered feminine.
These distinctions between appropriate activities for boys and girls create rather than
reflect the heterogeneous aspirations of each
The school system seems bent on perpetuating these sex-role stereotypes. In junior
high the girls are shunted off to home economic classes where they learn to cook, sew
and knit in preparation for home and hearth
(or at best a career that approximates this
Meanwhile boys learn a variety of career-
oriented skills like woodworking, drafting,
metal working and power mechanics.
Not to be outdone in the field of sex-role
stereotyping, many physical education classes
stress inside activities such as dance for girls,
and reserve more active outside sports like
baseball for boys.
But discrimination against women is at its
height — or depth — in textbooks ranging
from children's readers to college required
Girls and boys pick up many clues about
the relative importance of each sex by their
exposure to how language is used. The common use of the allegedly gender-generic terms
(using "he" instead of "he or she") conveys
the impression of female exclusion to children, as it does to most people.
Children tend to interpret things literally,
and the masculine pronouns are more likely
to be interpreted as referring exclusively to
males. Moreover, their confusion is compounded by the fact that there are no rules
about when "he" means "he," and when it
means "he or she."
When presented with words like "policeman" and "fisherman" children have problems believing that such terms include the
possibility of a female fishing, policing,
fighting fires or delivering mail.
In fact, few adults tend to interpret such
terms generically either. In a recent study by
social scientist V. Kidd it was revealed that
when asked to identify the sex of the reference in statements which used "he" and
"man" in a neutral way, subjects assumed
the statements referred to males in 407 cases
while they only believed females were indicated by the terms 53 times. Therefore sentences
using the allegedly gender-generic words tend
to be interpreted by both adults and children
in a gender-specific way to refer to men only.
Exclusion at the most basic level of language cannot help but contribute to the erosion
of a girl's self-esteem.
Another quirk of our language that further
delineates the inferior status of women is the
use of "girl" to refer to adult women. Boys
grow up to be men, but girls are always girls.
The implication of this anomaly is similar to
the implication of calling a black man
The second major problem with the
reading material available in the schools is
that women are noticeably absent. Most
books involve male protagonists and male
adventures. When women are present they
are   usually  insignificant,   one-dimensional
characters in limited but highly sterotyped
A number of studies have documented
discrimination against women in children's
literature. A comprehensive study of sexism
in children's books called Dick and Jane as
Victims, published by Women in Words and
Images, a New Jersey feminist organization
surveyed 2,760 stories in 134 books and discovered male protagonists outnumbered female protagonists five to two, there were six
times as many male as female biographies,
and there were twice as many male animal
stories as female animal stories.
While boys are presented in a variety of
roles — they can play basketball, rescue a
neighbor's cat or learn to sail a boat — girls
are depicted most often in domestic situations. They bake cakes for bake sales, help
mom do the shopping or watch brother mend
a broken bicycle.
Adult males are seen in many exciting occupations: they can be astronauts, architects
or animal trainers. Women in children's texts
are usually full-time mothers always ready
with a snack for junior or a kind word for
dad. When women do work it is invariably a
sex-typed career such as secretary, nurse or
Children learn the limited occupational
choices available to women when the only examples they are exposed to are biased and not
true reflections of women's capabilities.
A survey of children's literature by the education committee of an American feminist
group, the National Organization of
Women, uncovered some blatant differences
in the way the sexes are characterized. They
found women are usually portrayed as being
passive, unachieving, unadventurous, subservient, emotionally weak and somewhat
lacking in ethics.
Turn to Page 11
Friday, January 9,1981
Page 3 CA6Bf\ML
ROUS 175
9      FOOD   FOR
SOUP .46
vital in
fight to
William Bruneau is a member of
the UBC Faculty of Education.
Just recently, an invitation to
step backwards into an education
time-machine was published in a
local newspaper. Let's take a moment to revive the details of the
latest unexpected bounty.
Bunny Wright (whoever she is),
writing (Nov. 22, 1980) about a recent survey of teacher opinion, says
teachers are anxious to march
ahead — into the 19th century.
Wright says her readers should
come along.
The survey was funded by the
British Columbia Teachers' Federation, but carried out by a Tony
Flanders. Wright says the BCTF
should have released the survey
results right away, instead of keeping them under wraps for months.
As it turns out, Wright was
deceived. The report was released
early in 1980, and widely discussed.
If this were ihe only bad judgement
in Wright's article, all might yet
have been well. But there was a
good deal else, some of it a direct
attack on B.C.'s universities.
Both Wright's article and the
Flanders Report painted a gloomy
picture of teachers who would:
• accept a teacher training arrangement long since rejected in most of the world,
a form of apprenticeship
that would now satisfy no
laborers worth their salt
and a 19th century holdover;
• prefer the BCTF to give up
political activity, as though
education was in no way
political — a 19th century
view of the teaching profession;
• continue to live with widespread destructive criticism
of public education, waiting for it to blow over.
These writers seem to think
establishments offering teacher
training courses waste their own
and students' time.
Neither Wright, nor Flanders,
nor the teachers Flanders said he
represented — gave reasons for
their criticisms. So it's tempting not
to respond to their charges at all.
But their claims about "what
teachers are saying" are interesting
in another way. For a decade now,
the BCTF, the politicians and the
universities have been talking about
"doing something about teacher
education." One worry is that they
might very well "do something"
based on the superficially reported
comments of a few depressed and
lonely teachers.
The great majority of teachers
certainly do experience moments of
loneliness. Occasionally, they may
even think themselves candidates
for the bread line. But this does not
stop them from working to understand teacher training, to see
through educational politics, and
even to face negative public opinion
(although one wonders how
negative it really is). Perhaps education students, those who train them
(in Faculties of Arts, Science and
Education) and practicing teachers,
refuse to move into the 19th century
— and instead consider a constructive move ahead. What would this
mean in practical terms?
Teachers in B.C. have always felt
the key to professionalism lay in a
thorough teacher education, carried
on in universities. Between 1917
(when the BCTF was founded) and
1980, teachers have come out again
and again for the lengthiest and
most demanding forms of teacher
education to be found.
In 1946, the BCTF's Committee
on Teacher Education recommended a six year long training period at
U.B.C. for all future teachers,
elementary and secondary.
It was a pipe-dream in those
days, of course. The Normal School
was still turning out elementary
school teachers at age 19 with a few
months of concentrated exposure to
"education." The teachers' long
campaign finally bore fruit in 1956,
when UBC's Faculty of Education
came into existence, and the Normal Schools closed. Since then, two
other Education faculties (Simon
Fraser University and University of
Victoria, plus Notre Dame for a
time) have participated in teacher
These universities have all considered teacher education an opportunity to provide students with a
solid liberal education, and to give
them introductions to the best of
educational thought and practice.
No one is saying that four or five
years in an Education faculty is the
same as teaching in public schools.
What the universities say is this:
without an opportunity to reflect
and to think about children and
learning, dare a teacher became
responsible for the intellectual
growth of a child? Would we let
doctors earn certification by stepping into operating rooms immediately after high school graduation?
Yet this what the Wright/-
Flanders claim B.C.'s teachers
would like to do. A few teachers
suggested an apprenticeship of two
or three months (not university-
based), followed by as many as
three years' practice in classrooms.
A pattern almost exactly like this
was very widely adopted in  19th
century England. For thirty years
(1860-1890), English schoolchildren learned what it meant to be
taught by apprentices whose
teacher-masters were themselves
only grade- or high-school
graduates. The disastrous results
are well known to any reader of
Dickens, who put these unfortunate
teachers and learners into some of
his novels. Apprenticeship meant
memorized learning — instead of
understanding, inquiry and good
argument. It meant teachers completely dependent on parents and
politicians in deciding what subjects
to teach, liable to pressure from any
passing huckster or fanatic. It
meant a profession inadequately
paid, publicly derided. Above all, it
meant mistreated and mis-educated
No one wants to return to the
19th century. In all three universities, there is instead a good deal of
sentiment for moving into the 21st
century. That will likely mean more
intensive and extensive teacher
education. Clearly, teachers will
favour that move.
Widespread respect for teachers
and for public education already exists. Still, the goal of a sensitive professionalism is a long way off.
There are still too many poorly paid
teachers. There are too many
classrooms where learning conditions make education difficult for
even the most gifted teacher. There
are too many schools where
children's learning difficulties are
intensified by the poverty and
misery from which they come.
The solutions to these urgent problems depend on informed public
opinion, and on money. B.C.
teachers long ago realized that they
must act through their professional
organization to help to inform the
public, and to persuade taxpayers
of the critical importance of public
education in a healthy, democratic
The BCTF has been compelled,
in order to achieve these goals, to
become politically involved. It was
inevitable that they should become
political anyway. For public education is governed by politics and
politicians, from the Minister to the
school trustee — all elected,
political figures.
To ask the BCTF to give up
political activity is to give up on the
goals mentioned earlier: better learning conditions for children, better
social conditions for families, and
fair remuneration for teachers.
Some would say that professionals have no business arguing
"about money. But would BC
lawyers and doctors accept the idea
of political inaction and resulting
relative poverty? Of course not!
Their organizations have busily
politicked for years; and with a lot
of success. Why should teaching be
different from these
There is at the moment a good
deal of public uncertainty about the
proper goals of education. Let us be
clear from whence that uncertainty
comes. It come from people whose
Utopian demands have not been
Remember the politicians and
teachers who promised in the late
1950s that public education would
help North America to catch up
with the Soviets? Remember the
leaders of the mid-1960s who promised that public education would
somehow right the wrongs of Canadian society, would reduce
economic inequity, erase racial prejudice, and so on? Remember the
late 1960s, when a great many still
believed that investment in public
education was merely a direct investment in fast economic growth?
None of those promises could be
kept. And little wonder. Public
schools began with two goals: to
teach children something of their
moral responsibilities as citizens in a
participatory democracy, and to
teach them how to reason in
mathematics, language, and so on.
Thus, the schools could not by
themselves meet the new goals set
up for them by ill-informed politicians in the 1960s and 1970s.
There are still a great many disappointed lay people who accept the
goals of the 1960s. These people are
the main sources of recent destructive educational criticism. For these
people, there is a critical need for
better information: information
about the range of school programs
which help towards reasonable
academic, vocational and personal
goals, and information on the
underlying social and economic
forces that determine whether those
pupils will reach goals.
We all need more information,
some sensible educational goals, intensive and extensive teacher education, and improved learning conditions.
Page 4
Friday, January 9, 1981 DEAF
8ti@@$@$ ti® litolfT) U@ tilfod1 [p@@[p)D®
Wlh® felfu®W tiffo® gta§rtifi®frD fe@Sti
Listen to the deaf.
That's a plea that one of B.C.'s
least-known minorities has been
making for a long time. And only
now does it appear their cries are
being heeded by the provincial education ministry.
Until the 1970s Jericho Hill,
B.C.'s central education facility for
the deaf and blind, existed in
relative obscurity. Deaf and blind
children from all over the province
were sent by their parents to the
school to receive the kind of special
attention that was not availbable in
most B.C. communities. The school
had acquired a solid reputation as
one of North America's best special
education facilities and took pride
in the high quality of its staff
The school was an integral part
of the deaf community and had
close links with social service agencies that aided the deaf and blind. It
had, however, little contact with the
rest of society and so the public remained ignorant of the special problems that the deaf and blind face.
Deaf people generally find society easier to deal with than do the
blind, since so much of our culture
depends upon the visual dimension.
But perhaps for this very reason the
specific problems of the deaf have
never really been understood by the
public. It is important to clear up
some of these misconceptions.
First, deaf people are not necessarily mute. The two faculties are
independent of each other. But a
deaf person may find it difficult to
verbalize for the simple reason that
he or she is unable to hear their own
voice. So people who have lost their
hearing at an early age are usually
better at speaking than those who
have been deaf since birth.
Another point to bear in mind is
that 90 per cent of deaf children
have hearing parents. Many parents
are at a loss as to what to do when
they learn their child is handicapped. Often it is the parents as much
as the children who are in need of
education regarding the difficulties
that the handicapped face.
And not all children who go to
Jericho Hill have just one handicap.
Many are deaf as well as blind.
Some suffer from a variety of physical disabilities.
But an insensitive bureaucracy in
Victoria ensured that Jericho Hill
would not be without its share of
problems. For years the school had
been a thorn in the side of the Socreds as parents and teachers agitated for better teacher training and
greater control by the school over
its own affairs.
So it was in 1970 amid growing
uncertainty over the school's future
that local educator Ben Chud was
given a mandate by the education
ministry to look into the school's
problems and make some recommendations regarding its future.
The Chud report recommended
the dormitory function of the
school be de-emphasized and that
the school should become more
autonomous. Specifically the report
urged that the school be given a
global budget, that is, a budget
which would be set by Victoria but
over which the school would have
control on a daily basis. Previously
any significant amount of money
could only be spent with approval
from Victoria, tangling Jericho
Hill's operations in red tape. The
report reflected parents' and teachers' concerns that the provincial
government was interfering too
much with the school.
But the education ministry had
other ideas. At roughly the same
time the Chud report was being put
together plans were under way to
implement a strategy known as
mainst reaming.
Put simply, mainstreaming
means that deaf children would be
educated as much as possible within
the regular public school system.
This reflected a general feeling in
the education ministry under Pat
McGeer that wherever possible the
handicapped should be integrated
into society.
So the ministry totally ignored
the recommendations of the Chud
report and started to mainstream
children, that is, have them remain
in their home communities instead
of boarding at Jericho Hill. At first
glance the idea might appear to
make sense. Why should children
be separated from their parents and
be forced to live in a distant city
that is unfamiliar to them?
The answer is simple. Deaf children are unique in that their handicap requires a centralization of
educational resources. You need to
have highly trained personnel to
deal with the special problems that
deaf children have. The average
public school teacher just doesn't
have the time or the skills necessary
to deal with a deaf child.
"Mainstreaming deprives deaf
children of communication and free
social choice," says Dr. Roger Freeman, a UBC psychiatrist and consultant to the Western Institute for
the Deaf. "They end up with few
friends if they are isolated from
each other." Freeman and others
believe that deaf children find it difficult to adapt when forced into the
public education system.
"You can hide the problem for
several years," says Freeman, "but
the children need a whole environment in which they can communicate. And many of the children
have additional physical and emotional problems. By the time they
get to secondary school they're
According   to   Gary  Magarrell,
Magarrell adds, "the officials in
the ministry did not change with the
change in government from NDP to
Social Credit." He says the blame
lay with an insensitive bureaucracy
rather than on the policies of the
"The NDP government didn't
honor the Chud report of 1970 any
more than McGeer did," he says.
"While McGeer articulated the policy and brought it down and believed in it strongly I think that in fair-
the days of Jericho Hill were numbered.
After a small number of children
were actually mainstreamed and
failed to be successfully integrated
into the public school system the
ministry began to doubt its policy.
The children affected returned to
Parents began to communicate
more effectively with Victoria after
Smith was appointed education
minister last year. "This time they
JERICHO . . . ministry wished to close its problem school
W1D director, mainstreaming rarely
works and the W1D as an agency
opposes it. "1 think that we would
, support parents having some kind
of a choice and 1 think that parents
need to have accurate information
as to what's missing in the education of their children."
The decision by the ministry gen-'
erated a storm of controversy with
people like Magarrell, Freeman and
concerned parents mounting a publicity campaign against the insensitive policies of then-education minister McGeer. But whether McGeer
himself was to blame for the decision is not clear.
Freeman says, "the idea was
probably generated within the ministry without thinking through the
implications. They wished to close,
if possible, a school that had caused
the government problems for
ness we can't pin it all on him. I
think that the ministry of education.
has for some time felt that main-
streaming may well be the appropriate route for deaf children and
McGeer enthusiastically embraced
that. Smith (Brian Smith, now provincial education minister) is now
having second thoughts about it
and is now looking at the reality of
what's happening out there."
To further complicate the matter,
the Justice Institute of B.C., a
police and emergency services personnel training college, has for the
past couple of years been sharing
the Point Grey campus with Jericho
Hill. Conflicts soon developed between the institute and Jericho Hill
over the use of facilities such as the
swimming pool. It seemed strange
that these two different public service organizations should have to
compete for space. It looked like
seem to be handling it a little more
honestly and openly," says one parent, who declined to be identified.
And Chud has again been assigned again to look into education of
the deaf. A committee headed by
Chud toured the province last spring and summer making three main
recommendations to Smith:
• that the centralized school
should remain in its present location;
• that a board be set up to establish a liaison between the education
ministry and the school;
• that the Justice Institute be relocated.
"The school is building up
again," says one parent. But it
looks like the school will have to
share the campus with the Justice
So finally the bureaucrats in Victoria have listened to the pleas of
those who know the situation best.
Friday, January 9, 1981
Page 5 In our
stagnant schools
the voucher
system is the only
real alternative
So you went to Lord Byng High School. Sometimes.
The only teacher who understood you had a nervous
breakdown and quit. They cancelled your film course
because some parent invoked the devil in the principal's
office over the showing of Rosemary's Baby. Your
English teacher thought Samuel Beckett was the
archbishop of Canterbury and gave multiple choice exams. And you got a passing mark in phys ed one
December despite the fact that you quit in October.
So you switched to Kitsilano and
everything was different. Your
math teacher told you that if you
cut your hair and changed your
friends you'd get along fine in his
school. And you never met the principal.
The guy beside you in class worked only in fear. He had fits of
creativity when yelled at. The
woman behind you with the cat's
eye glasses worked best when left
alone. The rebels at the back complained that the teacher had a double standard. The teacher never had
time to explain.
So you looked for a real alternative. City School, Total Ed, The
Ideal School, they all had waiting
lists twice the size of their enrolment. But you put your name on
those lists and hoped. When they
finally called you, you were in third
year education out here at UBC.
And now you're wondering where
you're going to teach. Or what.
After all, the righteous insist that
nobody has written literature since
Milton. They've purged Kurt Vonnegut from the school libraries.
They're working on Margaret
Laurence and Mordecai Richler.
Catcher in the Rye and To Kill a
Mockingbird. And Timmy the
Most parents agree that you
should teach their children basics.
But nobody can agree what that is.
English is Basic. But do we need a
basic grounding in sciences? Stopping where? Is it important that we
learn how to think rather than what
others have thought? If so,
wouldn't an in depth education, in
one social science, best acquaint
students with the basic process of
manipulating facts for themselves?
With the core curriculum the
ministry of education has emphasized basic English grammar and math
skills. At least there is an argument
for that move though there is much
opposition to it.
What cannot be understood is the
history curriculum that is presently
being phased in. It almost completely eliminates non-Canadian
history from the grade schools. The
only way a student can find out
about the world beyond our borders
in school is to take an optional
modern world history course at the
grade 12 level.
Another ridiculous policy imposed on the entire province is the provincial learning assessment program. It measures the abilities of a
future rancher from Ashcroft with
the same test used for an aspiring
doctor in West Point Grey.
There is no justifiable reason for
a standardized assessment system
any more than there is justification
for a standardized curriculum or
teaching method. Students*
achievements should be measured
taking into account their
backgrounds. Curriculum and
teaching methods should take that
into account as well. Some students
function best in highly-structured
schools like St. Georges and Crof-
ton House, others would never have
finished school if it wasn't for
places like Ideal and Total Ed.
Sciences, technology and universities minister Pat McGeer recognized the validity of alternatives; he
.ent his own kids to private schools.
And he introduced limited funding
for those schools with the Independent Schools Support Act. But he
has stipulated that any school, in
order to receive funds, must have
existed independently for five years.
That means that the only schools to
get limited funds are those that can
afford to support themselves —
specifically preparatory schools
supported by the rich and Catholic
schools supported by the church. It
is unfortunate that Vancouver's only independent progressive alternatives — Relevant High and the
New School — folded before
limited funding was introduced.
The American economist Milton
Friedman believes that the government has no place in establishing
any but the most basic educational
standards. He feels it is unfair that
"the parent who would prefer to see
money used for better teachers and
texts rather than coaches and corridors must persuade the majority
to change the mixture for all."
He proposes a voucher system
where parents are issued a voucher
equivalent to the full per student expenditure by the government. It
could be redeemed by any school of
the parent's choosing that met the
minimum educational standards.
Whether you're a rabid free
enterpriser or a strident socialist it's
easy to agree with Friedman that
parents should have the right to
choose the kind of education that
their children get. And by applying
minister liked the idea of vouchers
but felt it was an idea that would
have to wait. He reasoned that the
system would be too disruptive for
students and would take too much
power away from the provincial
government. "It could be attempted when conditions are more appropriate," he said.
Of course that's just a lot of
political backtalk. Kids can't be left
in the womb like oil in the ground
some of the principles of the free
market to our schools perhaps the
development of some creative intelligent methods of teaching would
occur. The alternatives that exist
would at least get the financing they
There are obvious dangers in the
circus that would be created by giving schools complete freedom. Certainly   there    should    be    some
minimum standards. But schools
would still remain accountable to
the parents, if anything they would
be more accountable. In the present
situation we have an educational
doctrine as inoffensive and
unstimulating as pablum being
spoonfed to eveyone no matter
what their sentiments.
McGeer as the former education
until development conditions are
In fact there is no better time
than the present to make the transition to the voucher system. Declining enrolment has presented us with
unused facilities and unemployed
teachers. This makes it possible to
develop alternative programs
without disrupting the programs
that already exist.
Now that our new education
minister Brian Smith has toured the
province and measured the inevitable discontent of parents,
teachers, and students it can only be
hoped that he sees the wisdom of
the free market system his party is
supposed to represent. There's a
desperate need for real change in
the educational system that only the
voucher system will bring.
Now you can really stock up.
Introducing Extra Old Stock in the
new convenient 24 pack.
Page 6
Friday, January 9,1981 Elvis, Elvis where did you go?
If you didn't catch the Elvis Cos-
tello/Squeeze concert Sunday at the
War Memorial Gym then you
didn't really miss that much.
Everyone's expectations were
high for this concert. Elvis Costello
is one of the few consistently interesting figures in the world of
popular music today and Squeeze
have a reputation for bright and vibrant power pop.
Squeeze proved to be just another run of the mill formula "new
wave" band and were plagued by a
truly horrible sound system that
they could hardly be blamed for.
Squeeze did have tight harmonies
and a punchy, rhythmic attack that
turned even the most mediocre material into something danceable.
But the appeal soon wore off as one
song blended into another. Try as
they might, the lead vocalists never
really moved the crowd the way
they should have.
The crowd greeted the band's hits
with acclaim but were generally unmoved by Squeeze's lacklustre performance. The nadir of the evening
came when the band's new keyboardist was introduced. Formerly
of the truly nauseating English pub
rock band Ace, this individual proceeded to inflict a version of Ace's
one hit, How Long (Has This Been
Going On) on the assembled groovers. So much for new wave. These
guys should become greengrocers or
something else Socially Useful.
Now for Elvis. Everybody's fav
orite myopia victim was up to his
usual tricks Sunday night, daring
the audience to travel with him
through the valley of neurotic despair. Unfortunately a lot of us
weren't interested in coming along
for the ride.
Is Elvis in a rut? He certainly
didn't- want us to think so, playing
only new material during the first
part of the show. But the crowd
found it difficult to get into the new
songs and had to put up with the
same abysmal sound system that
had been the bane of Squeeze. You
couldn't even understand what Elvis was saying between songs.
High Fidelity was one of the
more outstanding numbers played
by Elvis and the Attractions during
their first set. The Attractions were
uniformly excellent and must rank
as one of the most solid units in
rock today. If only they gave Elvis'
guitar more prominence in the
mix. . .
But it was only after Elvis and
Co. were brought back by the
crowd for the first encore that
things started to move. Oliver's Army, Watching the Detectives, and
Pump It Up finally injected some
juice into the crowd. Too bad the
whole evening wasn't as good as the
last 20 minutes or so.
Elvis still shows too much contempt for his audiences. A lot of
people were wondering at the end of
the night why they paid $9 for perhaps half an hour's worth of decent
Music for Morons
Music don't come easy when
you're a Moron. Neither does
But when you're three female
sonic engineers from the planet
More who eagerly seek earth's good
vibes, you can learn
anything . . . even if it kills you.
Such is the tale of Half Human,
Half Heartache at the Vancouver
East Cultural Centre. Three extraterrestrial women decide to doff
their antennae and giant ears in
order to study earth's sound waves.
They've been ordered to remain
detached observers but there's only
one problem — they know no
human habits and their voices
knock earthlings dead.
So, rather than be silent overseers
of human behavior, they choose to
actively participate in and enjoy it.
With the help of a critical dating
guide, Dear Abby, marshmallow
Fluff and a stack of record singles,
they emerge as a much-loved commodity — a girl group.
The Clichettes were born.
To communicate, the women
spin 45s invisibly through their
voice boxes and out come the wailing cries of the Shirelles, the Teddy
Bears and Brenda Lee. Their lip-
sync act fools everyone and wins
them a global concert tour. They
even get a spot on the Ed Sullivan
show, with the same introduction
that greeted the Beatles: "And
now, for the youngsters ..."
Janice Jladki, Johanna
Householder and Louise Garfield
are superb in humorously evoking
the tear-jerking anguish and rage of
a broken heart. They deliver
dramatically all the struggling signs
of a first crush — eyelash flutters,
quivering Ups, giggles and blushes.
Their wardrobes are right out of
early '60s McCall patterns with
tacky, tight, crinoline-lined prom
dresses, flouncy baby doll pajamas,
zaudy polka dot bikinis, zippered
peddle-pushers, go go boots, Teen
magazine makeup, falsies and hard-
as-rock bouffant hairdos.
Like the real girl groups, many of
whom were black and dominated by
white, male producers, the Clichettes have an oppressive superior.
She's Monica, a stern voice over stationed on More, who, like a Big
Sister, watches, threatens and constantly condemns the Clichettes for
their im-Moreal behaviour.
The show, with its overtly sexual
dances to songs by Leslie Gore, the
Shangri-Las and the Charmettes, is
a highly entertaining mockery of
social conditioning and sexual
roles. Three female stereotypes —
the bitch, the bride and the party
girl — are all examined with
satirical appraisal. The sequence to
the Dixie Cups' "Chapel of Love"
humors the song's false prophecy
of marital bliss, while inane advice
is given on bridal yoga and "nuptial
There are no profound conclusions given that challenge or replace
women's traditional roles in society. The show is a light, superficial
treatment of what could provide ah
effective forum for feminist
thought. We are invited to laugh at
and question the silly portrayals,
but there is no deep demand made
to conquer them.
Yet the finale is an extremely
comical attempt to retaliate against
male teenage injustices. While two
Clichettes choose to stab and kill
themselves over an unrequited love,
the third sings a tearful "I'm
Sorry" — while clutching the
bloodied dismembered head of her
latest dreamboat.
Although most of the songs fit
very effectively into the show's
written context, at times the continuity and flow is strained. But the
music offers a great opportunity to
shake back into the 1958-65 style
and sing along.
Hello sailor
It has often been said that the
days of epic sea journeys are over,
and that the great navigators are a
vanished breed. Willy de Roos has
succeeded in proving both these
statements false.
Willy de Roos was born in Antwerp in 1923, and spent World War
II as a political prisoner, a
resistance fighter and eventually a
member of the army of liberation.
After the war he got married and set
up what later became Belgium's
largest used car wholesale business.
Thinking that the war had robbed
him of much of his youth, de Roos
set about trying to recapture the
freedom he felt he was owed. He
tried many different hobbies, but
eventually settled on sailing, and, in
1972, he started off on a three-year
circumnavigation of the world of
the world via Cape Horn.
In 1975 he returned to work, but
was almost immediately struck
again with wanderlust and began
planning a one-man voyage through
the North-west Passage.
The North-west Passage with its
difficulties and dangers has always
had a fascination for explorers.
Many challenged it, and many died
in the attempt. Even now, only a
handful of ships have succeeded,
and only one of these (excluding de
Roos' ship) has ever managed the
east-west trip de Roos planned to
In 1977, de Roos sold out his car
business, and on May 21st set out
from Thuin, Belgium, in his steel-
hulled 12-meter ketch, Williwaw,
the same vessel that had taken him
around the world. On June 18th he
arrived at Egedesminde, on the west
coast of Greenland. Here he was
joined by Jean-Louis de Gerlache, a
friend from Belgium who wished to
accompany Willy for a while. He
also encountered another vessel, the
Canadian Bernier II under Real
Bouvier of Montreal. The two ships
were to sail together for a while until problems forced the Bernier II to
fall behind, and caused it to end its
journey 1000 miles short of Bering
Strait, the true western end of the
North-west Passage.
On the next leg of the Williwaw's
journey, storms buffeted the small
craft, and on July llth a squall of
force 10 or 11 shredded the mainsail, but de Roos and de Gerlache
succeeded in reaching their next
port of call, Upernavik on the
Greenland coast of Baffin Bay, on
July 15th. Upernavik was an important milestone on the journey. According to de Roos, "Up to now,
we have only been engaged on an
approach run; but that ends here,
and our real difficulties are about to
Despite all these problems, the
Williwaw reached Gjoa Haven, on
King William Island, on August
23rd. De Roos recorded in his log,
"2105, August 23rd, 1977.
Williwaw is only the second vessel
ever to have penetrated to this point
from the Atlantic." Sue weeks after
he had come aboard, de Garlache
left to fly to Pond Inlet to take part
in an archeological project.
Though he was advised against
continuing by the Canadian
coastguard, de Roos pressed on
alone. On September 4th, he reached a research station on Cape
Bathurst, the most northerly point
of continental Canada apart from
Boothia Peninsula, and eight days
later, rounded Point Barrow, the
most northerly point of the U.S. On
September 18th he passed Fairway
Rock, marking the end of Bering
Strait and the completion of the
North-west Passage.
North-west Passage recounts de
Roos' successful voyage in great
detail. Interspersed with the factual
descriptions are insights into the
thoughts and philosophy of de
The style of writing seems rather
amateurish (which is to be expected,
since de Roos is a sailor and not a
writer), but this does not detract
from the appeal of this book. It
should also be noted that the book
was originally written in French,
and was translated by Bruce Penman. It is hard to know whether
any charges of sylistic inadequacy
should be laid at the door of the
author or the translator.
If, as a reader, you prefer graphic
and gratuitous sex and violence,
this book is not for you. If, on the
other hand, you are interested in an
honest, straightforward account by
one of the last members of a
vanishing breed, this book will
more than recompense you for the
time you put into it.
Friday, January 9,1981
As Jake Lamotta past his prime,
Robert De Niro plays him
overweight and punched-up looking
without artificial flab.
It's effective — in fact it's almost
brilliant, and he is stunning and
daring and overwhelming and all
the rest. But it's also awful. If the
flesh were makeup or padding it
might at least have looked funny, a
good parody of a jock gone to seed.
Instead it shocks us to see an actor
(and not a big man either) bloat
himself before our eyes. De Niro
tries so hard that he cancels himself
out and all we end up seeing is the
actor, not a character undergoing
Raging Bull
Starring Robert De Niro
At the Vancouver Centre
Raging Bull starts out depicting a
dislikeable, nasty boxer but it
doesn't develop. The gulf is paved
over with Martin Scorsese's considerable technique and some good,
Real flab...
but no heart
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Dialogues on
Thursday, January 15th, 1981
"Imperialism and Colonization"
Part 1 of a nine-part series on some issues of
development which will include speakers, films
and discussion groups.
FEE—$1.00 per session
Film:   "This   Bloody   Blundering    Business   of
Speaker: Dr. Fritz Lehmann.
International House Upper Lounge — 7:30 p.m.
Sundown Engineering
Box 1780, St. Paul
Alberta T0A 3A0
STAGE II: Writing Resumes
A four session workshop will help you prepare an
effective resume and write a good covering letter.
DATES:Thursdays (Jan. 22 - Feb. 12,
TIME:   12:30 - 2:20 p.m.
PLACE:Brock 363
Enquiries: 228-2415
loose-tongued acting. But there's
no real heart to it, and no real
reason for us to care by the end
when we see a washed-up, blimplike Jake banging his head against
the wall of a prison cell. We're not
even sure how he gets there, or why
he becomes so anxious.
It would be ridiculous to deny
that Raging Bull is a better film
than the previous boxing movie that
delighted the public, Rocky. If
Rocky was sentimental guff crammed together into a two hour boxing
movie, it had a good pulpy feel, and
the concept was satisfying. Raging
Bull is to Rocky for boxers what
Apocalypse Now was to The Deer
Hunter for Vietnam; as exciting and
involving as it gets, the heart that
bogged down its predecessor is
chucked away entirely, and in the
end somehow avoids addressing the
audience's emotional needs, or even
being very entertaining.
In the scenes showing Jake's
younger days, De Niro delivers his
lines like Marlon Brando in On the
Waterfront, and is similar to the
way James Caan played the dumb,
sexual, exciteable number one son
in the Godfather films.
Here De Niro's scrappiness and
profanity do not change so he self-
destructs. As Rocky, Sylvester
Stallone could look magnetic one
moment and creepily child-like the
next. Maybe Stallone's changeability wouldn't have worked here for
De Niro but at least it might have
provided a link for the audience,
something that would allow the
viewer to get into the character's
problems with him, despite the
boorishness and stupidity.
When he sees his future wife
Vickie for the first time there's no
hangdog look or even a shot of
lustful reaction. He starts cooly extracting information about her
from his brother Joey. When he
cries for the first time after ducking
a fight, nothing has preceeded this
emotional outburst to let us know
that there were many emotions
there to start with, and what
follows doesn't build on this.
In De Niro's last film role in The
Deer Hunter he gave a terribly
passive performance that turned the
film into an enigma at key points.
Here he returns to Scorsese's influence to give an energetic,
challenging portrait.
If all Scorsese seems to have extracted from Lamotta's ghosted
autobiography was a middle-weight
championship, a pretty wife, and
enough exclamations of "Fuck!" to
make Paddy Chayevsky look like
St. Francis of Assisi, he also injects
his own style at a ruthless pace.
Nothing is there if Scorsese does
not want the audience to see it, and
if it's important enough it's pointed
out in heavily cinematic terms.
Places and times are set with titles
like in a TV documentary. A crucial
event is shown full-length on the
screen like a newspaper headline,
which cuts to De Niro throwing the
newspaper on a table leaving the
headline clearly visible.
Couldn't these things have come
out in conversation, in comments
by the ringside radio commentators, in casually displayed
newspaper headlines seen on a
table? It would have made for better narrative flow and given the actors something to say or talk about
besides Jake's problems.
Fight fans are in for a disappointment; the boxing scenes are exciting
but don't last long. The camera
concentrates more on slow-motion
Warning: Occasional violence. —B.C. Director.
Showtime*: 3:00 5:56 8:46
(Japanese — English subtitles)
/S7mS»V Warning:  Frequent coarse language and
swearing, occasional nudity.
685  6828
-B.C. Director
Showtimes: 1:60 3:50 5:80 7:56 10:00
odeoN    LCEED
Occasional   coarse   language
and swearing. -B.C. Director
DUNBAR  at  30th
Showtimes: Odeon 2:16 4-6 8-10 |
Dunbar, Broadway 7:30 9:30
Warning:    Occasional   coarsa   languaga.
— B.C. Director.
:AMBIE at 18th
Showtimes: 7:30 9:40
Warning: Some coarse language; occasional nudity. —B.C. Director
Directed by Carlo Di Palma with Monica Vitti
4375   W.  10th
Showtimes: 7:30 9:30
Showtimes: 7:15 9:20
|70 7   W   BROADWAY
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Page 8
Friday, Janu /
or panning to point out the important bits for us, combined with
lyrical spew of blood and pieces of
The Lamotta brothers don't have
any other extended family with
whom they can interact. Half the
film seems to revolve around Jake's
suspicion of Vickie's adultery, but
there's no proof of it. So he beats
her and he asks dumb questions and
he beats other people.
It's possible to admire the way
Scorsese and his writers, Mardik
Martin and Paul Schrader, have
stripped this biography down to its
essentials. Nothing deviates or
meanders in this picture, and
sverything, from the long,
monosyllabic scenes to the short,
powerful boxing sequences, seems
to be there by design.
Scorsese has a special thing about
photographers, and even as the motion slows down and violin music
swells over the heavy silence, a flash
pops off somewhere, recording
Jake's image forever. This is a
somewhat symbolic parallel to the
role what Scorsese sees himself
playing, as he gets to the essence of
a man sweating and bloodied in the
Scorsese is trying to outrun us.
He isn't crude enough to make the
violence gratuitous or funny, but he
never lets go to give it a try since a
little spontaneity might muss it up.
vlost of all he probably did not
want a Rocky-like finish, the sen-
:imental flourish of triumph over
;he forces at hand.
Instead Jake's progress becomes
•nore humiliating than he intended
md he refuses to vindicate the
:haracter with any credible feeling;
De Niro languishes in a flat, profane landscape. The film emerges
is dry and rushed, because Scorsese
lasn't taken the time to state how
my of the emotional elements fuse
Cathy Moriarty as Vickie is,
hankfully, the type of performer
<vho can get the most out of these
ong, cramped scenes. She has a
deep street-wise voice and adds to
ler near-perfect looks a real sense
af humor and timing. Women are
not important in this world as
Scorsese and his writers see it, but
Vickie is no simp. When Moriarty
lides a smile, walks out, or shouts,
t's because it's just right for her
character, and she hits the right
note every time.
Unlike De Niro, Joe Pesci, as the
brother, does not look like a
Method actor. He seems to be instinctive, tuned away from fabrication and into an easy, natural
delivery. His Joey is the only
character who seems to have any
street-smarts, odd for a movie
about street-smart people. But he
has almost no funny lines, except
for a few choice obscenities, and
although he's not as empty as Jake
it's a deprivation not to hear this
character say anything amusing and
give the movie some relief or
balance. To watch Pesci is not to
see wheels turning or anxiety
The lines rush swiftly ahead, and
at times he holds the whole movie
together when Jake becomes too
dumb and unsympathetic. In his
last major scene he and De Niro
have an argument about Vickie's
suspected adultery. Jake is so
calculating and empty over such a
stupid idea that Joe talks him down
and walks away with the scene.
Since this scene is a turning point
for the rest of the movie, it is
thrown out of balance as Pesci has
nothing major left to do.
The aspect of Raging Bull that is
drawing in the critical praise with
two awards each for De Niro and
Pesci from the National Board of
Review and the New York Film
Critics Circle) is the personalized
style of Scorsese; very sharp and
very American in tone.
This is a man who is serious
about personal filmmaking.
What movie director who credits
a dozen people as editors of one
kind or another could not be
serious? It may be the fluid, tight
feel of the movie which prevents the
viewer from getting lost, and pulls
the viewer along by the force of
pure American energy even when
something is lacking.
Scorsese is not very good at portraying irony either, presumably
because it does not have a literal
enough function. The movie ends
with a quote from the Bible unveiling down the screen. As far as this
twist goes, you might try Jakes'
method of banging your head
against the wall to figure out what it
all means.
leatre nouveau
he Ridge clones itself
:n you thought nothing could save you from the commerical doldrums
by the two major theatre chains, along comes a new independent
s called the Vancouver East Cinema.
at Commercial Drive and 7th Avenue on the east side, the Vancouver
na will screen film classics and favorites. When the theatre opens of-
Monday, January 12, two Humphrey Bogart classics, Casablanca and
ind Have Not will grace the screen, followed on Wednesday by two
len favorites, Sleeper and Bananas.
lema on the east side is dominated by ethnic theatres, the Vancouver
ia will be the only theatre regularly screening English-language films in
d with an optimum of cinematic comforts and delights, including a
screen comparable to Famous Players and Odeon Theatre's best
»e Vancouver East Cinema will be run like another popular film house,
. There are also plans to install equipment for Dolby sound if the
ches with the moviegoing public.
icouver East Cinema is owned by Patel Bros., but will be managed by
! Theatre people". Although the Ridge was unable to provide full ser-
ther theatres in B.C. requesting help from the local revival house, the
East Cinema proved to be a different ball game. "We felt differently
/.E.C. and after seeing it and falling in love with it we decided to make
lent to get involved in its formation and operation," states Vancouver
la's first program guide, which was put together by the Ridge,
je will continue to select films for the Vancouver East Cinema, create
aides, and provide a "Ridge Atmosphere". The Ridge does not have
ia! shares in the new theatre.
Popeye lacks punch
Popeye was heralded as a winner
long before the studios released it,
when the finished product was as
closely guarded a secret as Ronald
Reagan's true haircolor.
With maverick director Robert
Altman at the helm, a screenplay by
Jules Feiffer, the intriguing Shelley
Duval as Olive Oyl, and
Hollywood's most brilliant im-
provisational actor-comedian,
Robin Williams, in the title rote,
how could it lose?
Or so the thinking went.
Directed by Robert Altitun
Playing at the Capitol 6
Popeye is a finely crafted, entertaining movie with one major flaw:
in trying to capture the adult as well
as the juvenile audience, it loses its
appeal to both.
For children it is a wild slapstick
farce that will delight them even
when the dialogue is over their
heads -~ which it often is.
Adults, however, may find the
adolescent humor tedious at times,
and the content unnecessarily
In spite of its shortcomings
Popeye is an amusing, if unexceptional film that provides the opportunity to enjoy some fine comedy
and tremendous character acting —
if you can overlook the silliness.
Visually, Popeye is an adventurous movie, set in the eccentric
fishing village Altman built for the
project on the island of Malta. The.
set alone is almost worth the price
of admission with the rambling
clapboard houses clinging to the
vertical slopes of the Mediterranean
The townspeople of Sweethaven
— for it can only be a recreation of
Popeye's cartoon hometown — are
provincial and suspicious of the
one-eyed sailor who rows into their
town one day, muttering under his
breath and mentioning something
about looking for "me pappy".
The only family in town who are
not afraid to give Popeye lodging
are the Oyls — Castor, Nana, Coal,
Cod Liver and, of course, Olive —
who are too involved with
themselves to notice that he is a
The Oyls are unpretentious people — albeit a little bizarre — and
they make Popeye feel right at
home. When Olive, who is nervous
about everything, including her
engagement to Bluto, shows Popeye
his room he mutters, "I never seen
a room done in early demolishuns
The inevitable clash between
Bluto (Paul M. Smith) and Popeye
over Olive is really a class struggle
between the proletariat (represented
by Popeye) and the ruling class
(symbolised by the tyrannical Bluto
and the mysterious Commodore).
Just in case we miss this connection Altman provides us with a
scene in which Popeye dumps the
over-zealous Tax Man (Donald
Moffat) into the drink to the cheers
of aH the oppressed citizens.
This, however, is just a diversion,
and   from   the   moment   of
Swee'pea's arrival on the scene the
movie becomes too cute for its own
good. Played by Altman's real-life
grandson, Wesley Ivan Hurt,
Swee'pea, a little tyke w|th a knack
for calling horse races, adopts
Popeye as his "mudder" — which
leaves Olive Oyl to be the
In spite of a full cast of extravagant characters Swee'pea
steals the scenes and Altman indulges the audiences who can't get
enoughof a cute baby . W« see more
than enough of Swee'pea's cherub
face in this film, to the detriment of
the finished product.
Undoubtedly the high point of
Popeye is the brilliant recreations
on the large screen of the original
Max Fleischer cartoon characters.
Williams' portrayal of Popeye
recreates uncannily the original
Popeye, although at times if seems
that Mork from Ork is playing
P<opeye. When Popeye says "I
don't remember when I've had this
much    fun    and    remained
conscious," the line is right out of
Mork and Mindy.
It's difficult to find any flaw in
Shelley Duval's portrayal of Olive
Oyl. She brings the gawky, nervous
cartoon character to life in an expert, convincing performance.
Duval is the living embodiment of
the cartoon Olive: she looks, acts
and talks like the awkward heroine
of old Popeye cartoons.
Popeye is billed as a musical,
with a score by Harry Nilsson and a
trio of choreographers; Although
he wrote thirteen songs for the
movie, Nilsson's contribution is
easy to overlook. With one or two
exceptions, his music in this film is
unremarkable.       -
Popeye testifies to the fact that
tbe whole is not always greater than
the sum of its parts. In spite of
generally superior acting, fine direction and a versatile screenplay?
Popeye doesn't succeed as well as it
could have if it had been aimed at a
clearly defined audience. Popeye's
impressive strengths simply don't
combine for a knockout blow.
POPEYE . . . overthrows the ruling class
Page 9 Beckett and Weaver fans
won't be disappointed
Samuel Beckett's classic tragicomedy Happy Days has returned to Vancouver for a short run at
the Waterfront Theatre. The show
features the distinguished Ronnie
Gilbert as the relentlessly optimistic
Winnie, and is, in short, great.
Presented by Tamahnous
Theatre, the production uses the
absolute minimum in the way of
props. This stark simplicity in
stagecraft heightens the effectiveness of Winnie's two hour
monologue, which is only interrupted by the occasional groan or
strained phrase from her husband
Willy (Glen Thomson).
The curtain opens and reveals the
sparse stage, which is likely to be a
slight disappointment, at first, for
some. A buxom woman whom we
soon find out is Winnie, is buried
up to her bosom in "scorched
earth," and remains so throughout
the first act (in the second act she is
buried up to her neck).
As said, the play is in essence a
monologue, and one would expect
two hours of this to become boring.
This is definitely not the case with
Happy   Days.   In   fact,   Gilbert
managed to captivate her audience
with her perfect interpretation of
Beckett's character. Gilbert was a
member of the Weavers, the international folk group which toured
internationally from 1947 to 1964.
Last month the Weavers reunited for two sold out performances at New York's Carnegie
Hall. Her list of credits is impressive.
Gilbert was extremely quick in
sizing up her audience, and though
the first five minutes were a little
rough, the rest of the play went
Although Winnie is sinking into
the earth, she is extremely optimistic about what the future
holds. She has acquired a daily
routine and tries to adhere rigidly to
it, although she doesn't always succeed. Her husband, Willy, is not
quite so optimistic, and does not do
much more than sleep and read the
same yellowed newspaper, from
which he would quote an occasional
"young boy wanted" advertisement.
Credit must also be given to
Thompson, whose portrayal of Wil-
GILBERT . . . optimistic despite a sinking feeling
ly, the resigned husband, was as
perfect as his costume. Never at any
time was there even a trace of him
trying to upstage Gilbert. There was
a sort of harmony between the two,
and this was another factor contributing to the show's success.
The final scene is very powerful,
and is probably the most dramatic
as well. Both actors are present in
it, and their interaction results in
our experiencing an epiphany of
sorts: we are given a final and
lasting insight into their situation.
This remains with you even as you
file out of the theatre.
When the curtain drew shut,
there was much heartwarming applause. It was evident that the audience loved the show; they gave
Gilbert two encores.
Rimmer has varying success
A retrospective look at independent Vancouver film maker David
Rimmer's work shows the strong
influence of the 1960s movement
that rejected the conventions of
commercial cinema.
Rimmer's films have their origins
in the late 1960s movement which
encouraged an investigation of film
for its formal qualities and potential
as a highly personalized means of
Viewed as experiments with the
medium itself, this retrospective of
Rimmer films from 1969 to 1980
shows his widely varying degrees of
Among the most effective is the
13 minute color Real Italian Pizza
(1971) which Rimmer filmed from
his fourth floor apartment in New
York City. Over the implied time
span of a year, Rimmer documents
David Rimmer Retrospective
at the Vancouver Art Gallery
until January 11.
the various activities which take
place in front of a local pizza
A number of black youths hang
out there, dancing, joking among
themselves, and stopping passers-
by. Attention is called to their ex
tremely expressive body language
through slow motion, repetition,
and the choice of a funky blues
soundtrack. In contrast to the
youths are the passers-by, (good
New Yorkers, all) who move
relentlessly forward aided by Rim-
mer's compression of time. Against
these two background groups, the
scene is punctuated by several
dramatic episodes such as the arrival of the police, a fire truck and a
A second success is the eight and
one-half minute Variations on a
Cellophane Wrapper (1970). Here,
Rimmer beins by using a stock
black and white shot of a woman
factory worker who lifts a billowing
sheet of cellophane. The same shot
is then subjected to what seems to
be a full range of permutations,
reappearing in negative form, high
and low contrast, color, and
ultimately, in a process of
disintegration. Don Druick's
soundtrack initially adds the connotation of violence (through noises
suggestive of war), then reinforces
the final process of disintegration
(through the sound of thunderous
waves). Combining visuals and
soundtrack, Variation may be
understood as a critique of the
destructive monotony of factory
Rimmer's longest film, his Portrait of Al Neil (1979, color, 40
minutes) is problematic at best
perhaps  simply  by  virtue  of  its
choice of subject. Another west
coast film maker, Al Razutis, writes
that Neil "has been virtually an institution in West Coast art
mythology." Neil's doll
assemblages, his phase music, his
account of how he borrows $2 from
his sister during his mother's
funeral all attest to the unconven-
tionality of the man, but little else.
For example, comparing Rimmer's
representation of Al Neil with the
NFB's more cinematically conventional, rather sentimental documentary of Margaret Lawrence, it is
Laurence who emerges as the more
engaging personality, someone who
thinks and speaks clearly, who has a
little strength and insight available
to share with others.
Meet the Mercury Lynx GL Winners^
in die Long Distance Sweepstakes.
Sylvie Venable
College de Jolierte
Gigratulations to
these three students
on having won a brand new
Mercury Lynx GL We hope
they have many years of
enjoyable driving.
And thanks
to the thousands of
other students who
Jeff Levitt
of Toronto
Long Distance
TransCanada Telephone System
Page 10
Friday, January 9,1981 m NEWS FROM ACROSS THE CAMPUS
Deadline Shaky
For AMS Election
Of Executives
The Alma Mater Society elections committee will probably meet next week to decide
the deadline for executive elections, but no
one seems quite sure if that is actually the
"We've got to meet soon, the elections are
coming up fast," said committee member
Shayne Boyd Thursday.
Boyd said until Wednesday's student council meeting he was not even aware the committee was mandated to decide nomination
"We had understood the dates were already set. It came as a complete surprise to
me it was up to us," he said.
"I wish somebody had told us. It should
have been done before Christmas."
Boyd said the committee, if it does not
meet Monday, will likely decide not to hold
executive elections until the last day of January. That way, nomination deadlines won't
have to close until Jan. 23 or Jan. 26.
Boyd told council Wednesday night nominations would probably close next week.
The   first   announcement   that   executive
nominations were even open came in Thursday's Ubyssey.
Boyd said the elections committee was
fouled up by constitutional changes which
had not been clarified to them.
Bars To Close
Earlier Than Before
Bars at SUB beer gardens and parties must
now close by 11:30 p.m.
Formerly bars could stay open until midnight, but student council decided to change
that policy at its Wednesday night meeting.
Groups that wish to keep a bar open later
than 11:30 may make a special request to the
student administrative commission.
Council agreed that supplies from the Pit
must be returned by 12:15 a.m., and that Pit
staff are not available to help return supplies.
UBC Reports
Follows Tab Fad
Students who want visible evidence of
where their fees are going following the recent 13 per cent tuition fee increase can feast
their eyes on the new publicity tabloid inaug
urated this week by UBC information services.
UBC Reports, formerly a four-page broadsheet, is now publishing as a tabloid similar
to the format of The Ubyssey. Using bond
paper rather than inexpensive newsprint and
featuring a logo designed with outside help,
the administration information paper is now
asking for volunteers from the UBC community to help out by providing story ideas
and information.
The new UBC information services tabloid
contains no advertising and will be wholly
paid for out of the university budget. And
you thought your fees were being wasted.
Bundolo Bungle
Blamed On Brooks
Concerts committee is upset it was not
given advance warning that Dr. Bundolo cancelled almost 75 per cent of its bookings for
the SUB ballroom.
The committee does not have enough time
to book concerts or dances for the month of
January, so it is possible the ballroom will remain empty during prime times, committee
member Pete Mitchell said Thursday.
"The cancellations have screwed up a lot
of groups," he said.
He said Alma Mater Society administration director Craig Brooks knew of the can
cellations at least three weeks ago, but only
let the committee know this week.
Brooks was unavailable for comment.
Fee Committee
'Hindered By Hacks'
Student politicians appear quite uninterested in the student council standing committee on tuition fees and financial aid, but
students themselves are keeping the committee alive.
Committee chair Maureen Boyd said
Thursday she could care less whether or not
council members showed up at committee
"We manage quite well without them,"
she said. "In fact, they hinder us."
But the Alma Mater Society code and bylaws state that for a standing committee to
achieve quorum, it must have two council
members attend. There are only two councillors on the committee, and they both say they
have trouble attending all the meetings.
Nigel Brownlow, one of the councillors on
the committee, asked other council members
Wednesday to at least attend some of the
committee meetings. No one volunteered.
This does not bother Boyd.
"We could care less about their petty
games. We'll forge ahead without them."
School texts lopsided
From Page 3
Is it any wonder girls experience
feelings of inferiority when
presented in such a negative light?
In a study of California textbooks by Marjorie U'ren, it was
discovered that less than 15 per cent
of the illustrations included women
and girls, and even fewer females
on the important illustrations like
book covers. Even in crowd scenes,
in a gross distortion of real life,
females were outnumbered by
Even math textbooks present a
lopsided view of the sexes.
Mathematical problems involving
boys depict them in a variety of activities such as building things, driving cars and earning money while
problems centred on girls present
them cooking, sewing and shopping
for food.
History texts suffer from the
same tunnel vision. Women are
almost entirely omitted from the
pages of history texts which concentrate on areas in which males excel (like wars), and downgrade
feminine   achievements.
The same sexual bias is evident in
English texts; women are too often
absent. The Norton Anthology, to
name just one example, contains
the work of only six female authors
while the stories of 169 male
authors are included.
At the university level social
science texts tend to reflect a
masculine bias. Social scientists
have the odd habit of conducting
their experimentation on white
males and making generalizations
about the entire population. It is
not uncommon to see the results of
parallel studies on women added as
a postscript, an exception to some
universal law of behavior.
The problems of boys and girls
who see themselves portrayed in
texts in highly rigid sex roles are
compounded by unconsciously sexist teachers and counsellors. When
junior high school teachers were
asked to describe good female
students in a recent study, they used
the adjectives "appreciative,"
"calm," and "conscientious."
"Active," "adventurous" and
"aggressive" were words used to
describe ideal male students.
Furthermore there is evidence
high school counsellors tend to encourage "appropriate" career
choices for male and female students rather than encouraging individuals to discover their own
The overall situation at university
is no better. Male dominance is as
institutionalized here as it is
elsewhere in the school system.
Not only are there fewer female
faculty members; the ones who
have made it this far tend to be
clustered at the bottom of the faculty ladder as assistant and associate
By the time they reach university
the sexes have been successfully
pigeon-holed into opposite spheres.
Female students tend to gravitate
toward the humanities while there
is still a preponderance of men in
the math and science departments.
The effect of teacher expectations
is graphically illustrated in a study
in which teachers were told to expect a marked increase in the
academic achievement of certain
students who were actually chosen
at random. The students the
teachers believed would excel, did,
in fact, perform much better than
the other students.
However, the school system, for
all its biases and inequities, cannot
be held entirely responsible for this
dismal state of affairs. The institution of education is no more than
the socializing tool of society and as
such merely reflects sexism (not to
mention racism and elitism) built
into society. Schools function to
maintain hierarchies, to keep dominant groups dominant.
Universities, the seats of higher
knowledge, should be exempt from
the prejudices of the general
populace, but they're not. The people who have made it to university,
either as students or faculty, have
made it by going through the
system, and it shows.
for the
English 100
Composition Exam?
r „
! English Composition!
i j
Register Now
UBC Reading, Writing and Study Skills Centre
Free Workshops to Enhance
Academic and Personal Skills
1. Study Skills:
Four one-hour sessions to develop efficient study
2. Personal Growth:
A small group workshop to help define personal
goals, set plans to reach them and practice new
behaviours with the support of other interested persons.
3. Job Search Techniques:
Four one-hour sessions to provide students with information and skills for seeking employment.
4. Time Management:
Single session workshops focussing on the effective planning and use of time.
5. Career Exploration:
Five two-hour sessions in which participants will actively explore the process of career-decision making.
Most workshops commence the week of January 19.
Sign up now since enrollment is limited.
Student Counselling and Resources Centre
Ponderosa Annex "F"
would you like to become
—Learn to express yourself directly and without apology
—Overcome your own obstacles to assertive behaviour
—Practice through role-playing and discussion with other
GROUP I (Tuesdays)
TIME:     12:30 - 2:20 p.m.
DATES: January 20 - February 17, 1981
PLACE: Brock 363
GROUP II (Wednesdays)
TIME:     11:30 - 1:20 p.m.
DATES: January 21 - February 18, 1981
PLACE: Brock 362
Group size limited
Enquiries: 228-2415
Friday, January 9,1981
Page 11 It only hurts. •.
You can only laugh at student council incompetence for so long.
So they clumsily keep missing quorum at their meetings. Ha, ha.
So they accidentally discover, after slashing budgets left and right, they
have a $200,000 surplus. Hilarious.
So they accidentally endorse the founding conference for a Marxist-
Leninist front group and have to send an angry letter to the M-L because
they'd been fooled. Tee hee.
So they've prevented some major speakers from coming to UBC by
forgetting to sign checks. Hysterical.
So this list could go for ever. They're just amateurs trying their best. Ha
But now student council incompetency is directly endangering your
right to democracy. That's not funny.
According to Shayne Boyd, a member of the Alma Mater Society elections committee the problems of elections for the AMS executive has
always been dealt with by the constitution. But now the constitution has
changed, and the committee is in a fluster.
Unaware that it was responsible for setting nomination deadlines or the
date of the elections, the committee has not met once this term. Now it
suddenly realizes it has to organize an election by the end of January.
Taking the situation with calm composure, committee members think
they might meet Monday. Or at least some time next week. Maybe. Then
again, nominations don't necessarily have to close for another two weeks.
Meanwhile, AMS vice-president Marlea Haugen, the person in charge of
informing students that nominations are open, released the information for
the first time Thursday.
And why hasn't Bruce Armstrong, the whiz-kid behind the new constitution, taken the time to explain to anyone the ramifications of his
changes? He has communicated to no one the new, improved role of the
elections committee.
We realize you have had almost no time to think about the proposition,
but we urge you to consider running if you think you can do a better job
than the jokers currently in power.
It wouldn't be hard.
HOMO ERECTUS, MAY 12, <M8,46b B.C.
HOno EtECTUS, MAY *7, <U8,;*6fc B.C.
January 9, 1981
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in
room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Verne McDonald
"The apocalypae is now," screamed Steve McClure as he fall from his page friday throne and landed
smack dab on Tom Hawthorn, whose guts spewed all over the sidewalk. Debbie Wilson descended
from the Peak to read his entrails, and foretold the dawning of a new era. "The big Mac is dead, long
live the Big Mac," chanted Mike Brand. Nigel Rndley and Larry Green. Scribes Glen Sanford, Nancy
Campbell and Bill Tieleman recorded the spectacle in awe, while sue Lemieux, Eric Eggertson and Ross
Burnett furiously scratched the vision onto cava walla. Arne Hermann and Shaffin Shariff were reduced to pitiful puddles aa they attempted to comprehend the scene unfolding before their eyes. "It's
beautiful," murmered Heether Conn when fuH realisation finally entered her cloudy mind. Verne
McDonald waa struck absolutely unconscious by the ovrwhelming impact, while Julie Wheelwright
swam through the teen) of Lori Thicke and Charles Campbell. And the new era calmly descended.
Don't overreact either
I would like to respond to the letter that was written by Alex Zbar
which appeared in The Ubyssey
Nov. 18.
In his letter Alex criticizes individuals who do not move out of a
building when a fire alarm goes off.
He reports that on Friday, Nov. 14
at 9:45 a.m. the fire alarm went off
in the computing centre. This event,
he writes, caused him great concern
because two UBC painters who
were having a coffee break did not
move from their chairs and continued having their coffee.
Alex might be interested to know
that in addition to the alarm that he
reported, a previous fire alarm had
sounded. This one occurred a half
an hour earlier, at approximately 9
a.m. At this time we left the building and went outside along with all
the others. Shortly after the fire department arrived, the alarm stopped ringing.
After speaking to some of the
firemen it was our understanding
that there was no fire. Rather, it
was a malfunction triggering the
alarm. We all returned to the building and continued with our activities.
This is the reason that when the
fire alarm sounded again, a half an
hour later, we did not leave the
building. It was obvious that the
malfunction   hadn't   been   found,
causing the alarm to be triggered
I'm not suggesting we should remain in buildings when fire alarms
are sounded. Like Alex, I feel we
should pay attention, be alert, and
act accordingly. What I would also
suggest is that in addition to these
things we should use common
In other words, while we
shouldn't underreact in safety situations, at the same time we shouldn't
overreact. I have been in buildings
on previous occasions (example —
the music building) where there
were fire alarms repeatedly sounding every half hour for the same
reason — some malfunction in the
alarm system. To have vacated the
building every half hour on this occasion would have been overreact
ing as it was quite obvious that
there was no fire.
It is encouraging to know that
there are people like Alex Zbar who
are concerned with safety and actions of others in dangerous situations. I commend you also for taking the time to write about events
you feel should be reported.
One closing word of advice: if
you should ever aspire to reporting
or journalism I would suggest that
you get all the facts and report all
the facts. Do this especially when
you are recommending that specific
reprimands be imposed on others.
Reporting all the facts will not
only help you become a better reporter, it could save you personal
embarrassment as well.
Joe Carter
physical plant paint shop
John Lennon, a great man, was
murdered on the evening of Dec.
8th. He was one of the most influential men of the 20th century.
How can it be that in our society
the noble individual is constantly
the object of both direct and indirect acts of aggression?
We quiet and peaceful men and
women   have   perhaps   tarried
overlong in idle pursuits and extended reveries.
Those who possess weak and
mean characters are spreading their
designs throughout our culture.
We, my friends, are in a fight for
our survival. The quality of human
life and culture must be increased at
any cost.
Richard Wozny
arts grad
All nations unite now
Many people support the United
Nations hoping thus to better the
world. My contention is that they
must now begin to prepare for the
next step which is a world government under constitutional law,
agreed to by all nations, with a
world court to which all international problems must be taken, and
whose edicts can be enforced by an
international police force. This the
United Nations cannot do, not being a government, though it has
been, and will be, of the greatest
value until such an international
government can take its place.
Peace may be the opposite of
war, but the only alternative to war
is the rule of law.
Since modern technology has
drawn the countries of the world into a single global community, that
community must be governed not
by some self-serving interest, but by
a world government under constitutional law if we are ever to achieve a
lasting peace.
Our present efforts toward a
peace seems to me impractical. We
urge all nations to love one another
and lay down their arms. Maybe
they will in some unbelievably distant future, but I want the killing
and misery stopped before that.
Also, it is impractical to expect
the responsible leaders of any nation to expose its citizens to attack
from other nations. Even a reduction of armaments is a very "chancy" thing. Remember the agreement not to use poison gas in World
War I? It worked only until the
crunch came.
Furthermore, when we, as
pacifists, ask our nation to disarm,
or limit armaments, are we being
fair to all the non-pacifists (who
have an equal right to their belief)
when we ask them to give up their
only protection? We don't even tell
them how disarmament can be safely accomplished.
We may be willing to be martyrs
to the cause, but we are asking them
to be victims of our belief. Again I
ask, is it fair? Also, any successful
peace plan must be able to control,
and direct into acceptable channels,
the violent element latent in all
The only fair and practical way to
disarm is to have a world govern
ment under constitutional law with
an international police force
capable of protecting the nations,
large and small, as they completely
disarm. Since such a police force
would cost so little compared with
the present armies of the world,
think of the money saved for worthwhile purposes.
Greed and lust for power may yet
embroil the world in a terrible armed conflict, but, even so, let us start
to teach the peoples of the world
that there is a better way of settling
differences by creating a world
government under constitutional
Isn't it worth talking about to
everyone we meet, even if we are
often called fanciful or visionary? It
has been said, "Without vision the
people die." In this case, how
literally true.
Louise Rhoads Dewees
West Chester, PA, USA
Another library
As the school term draws to a
close, I would like to take a moment
to remind students of Amnesty
UBC's lending library of Amnesty
publications on human rights
issues. You do not have to be a
member of the club to borrow the
We need straight answers
On Thursday, Nov. 27 I sat in on a meeting of the Acadia Camp
Tenants' Association. Attending the meeting were Susanne Nikles,
business manager for UBC housing, Margaret Campbell, family housing
manager and Acadia Camp representatives. A few things were discussed
that I feel family housing residents have a right to know.
One item Nikles discussed was a change in the admissions policy. She
feels that the difference between the ratio of foreign students living in
Acadia residences (75 families, or approximately 26 per cent) to the ratio of
foreign students attending UBC (approximately 2.6 per cent) is too great.
She would like to implement a quota sysem on visa students trying to live
in family housing.
Responding to my question on the question on the fate of Acadia Camp,
she said that a "feasibility study" is "soon to be under way." Nikles also
said that Micheal Davis is not responsible for the decision (even though he
is the director of housing on campus), but that it was ultimately up to "the
I hope that someone can give us a straight answer soon.
Jean Watters
books — all students are welcome.
The library is located in the
Amnesty UBC office, SUB 208. It is
open every day at lunch, as well as
at various other times during the
Here are some of the newer titles
• Report and Recommendations
of an Amnesty International
Mission to the Government of
the State of Israel 3-7 June 1979
• Law and Human Rights in the
Islamic Republic of Iran (1980)
• Human Rights Violations in
Zaire (1980)
• "Unofficial transcript of the
trial of Wei Jingsheng — a
prisoner of conscience in the
People's Republic of China"
• Prisoners of Conscience in the
USSR: Their Treatment and
Conditions (1980)
• The Death Penalty (1979)
Horacio de la Cueva
President, Amnesty UBC
Page 12
Friday, January 9, 1981 **■
Keep fighting the Klan
Bigoted Ubyssey
serves fascist rich
On Sunday, Jan. 4, in Delta, the
UBC committee against racist and
fascist violence joined over 450 people in a demonstration led by the
People's Front. We were
demonstrating against the racist
firebombing of the Sidhu family's
home in Ladner.
This firebombing is a sobering
reminder to all democratic people
that the arguments in favour of the
"rights" of the racists and the
fascists such as the Ku Klux Klan to
speak or organize are pure rubbish.
Allowing fascists to have such
"rights" to incite racial hatred and
violence means that the rights of the
people to live peacefully are ex
tinguished. This is absolutely unacceptable.
In the wake of the firebombing,
the roles of the police, the news
media, and the politicians, have
become clearer. The police, who
have known of these racial attacks
in Ladner for some time and have
done nothing, are racist to the core.
They came out in force, not to apprehend the arsonists, but to intimidate and harass the
Every demonstrator was
photographed repeatedly by the
police. The license plate numbers of
demonstrators' cars were openly
copied down by the cops, and
police "ghost" cars trailed these
cars. The police also made racially
abusive remarks to the
The news reports were full of factual distortions, but the consistent
themes delivered were that the racist
attackers were just some "white"
youths, that the source of the problem is the East Indians against the
"whites," and that the
demonstrators and the racist gangs
are about equally disruptive.
These themes, which are the
views, the political opinions of the
billionaires, the very rich, are
repeated again and again. The rich
have been instigating such violence
internationally in order to keep
their system, their profits, and their
privileges intact. El Salvador,
Turkey, France and Italy are just a
few examples where the rich have
been using their fascist gangs, their
political police, and agents provocateurs to attack the people, and
the same sort of thing is taking
place here in Canada.
The news media, and the politicians, all the while posturing as
democratic, have come out to
disparage or threaten people for
uniting in action to defend
themselves against this increasing
fascist violence.
The few on The Ubyssey who are
making the student paper their
training ground for jobs in the
Southam or Thompson papers are
familiar with these themes: these
anti-communist bigots have been
publishing the stuff all fall. Nearly
every issue contains either an
editorial, an article, or a barrage of
letters cynically attacking the efforts of the people to unite in action
against racist and fascist violence.
They are in training for
postgraduate service to the rich,
and they have consistently equated
the opposition to racist and fascist
violence with the racist and fascist
violence itself, as if to say that the
arsonists sneaking around with five
gallon cans of gasoline are the same
as the victims of the blaze. This is a
cynical and self-righteous stand to
cover-up their refusal to assist in
uniting all who are opposed to such
In Tuesday's paper, your letter
Friday, January 9,1981
from Duke Wayne was not very
funny, in view of the weekend
firebombing of the Sidhu house.
The letter you published by B.
Campbell strengthened our resolve
in the People's Front to ensure that
everyone who is genuinely anti-
racist and anti-fascist be encouraged to join our ranks, no matter
what political party they may support.
The powerful demonstration in
Ladner on Sunday has shown that
the work we've begun at UBC this
fall is on the right track. Despite the
yelping from those who have
monopolized editorial policy on
The Ubyssey, we've received an enthusiastic and encouraging response
from the people at UBC. On behalf
of the UBC Committee, I call on
people to join us and carry on this
important work.
Allen H. Soroka
UBC committee against racist
and fascist violence
WW A/0
3PE4C 1 \
For the last few months B.C. has
been the target of an organizing
drive by a group with one of the
most reprehensible records in North
American history, the Ku Klux
B.C. is, unfortunately, not exactly a stranger to the sentiment of
racism; it can not claim to have a
past free of the racist taint either on
the part of certain individuals or of
governments. But this province and
this country have laws inimical to
the aims and activities of the Klan,
and these should be applied.
The law in this case is clear. Section 281.2 of the Criminal Code
states, "Everyone, who by communicating statements in any public
place, incites hatred against any
identifiable group where such incitement is likely to lead to a breach
of the peace, is guilty of an indictable offense."
Clearly, the Klan is one of those
organizations which meets the
above-mentioned criteria. It has a
history of racially-motivated
violence too long to be mentioned,
but some of its most recent acts
should be cited: the recent cross-
burning at the home of a black
woman in Seattle; a cross-burning
in London, Ontario; the distribu-
rWl/E /JO
SPBAK I      \
O     O
Students who wrote the English Composition Test in December can obtain
their results from their Faculty Office
(in Arts, from the Senior Faculty Adviser's Office, Buchanan Building,
Room 207).
Arrangements for the April sitting of
the Test will be posted with April exam
tion of racist literature at a Vancouver high school; and, most recent, attacks on the homes of
visiting Nigerian students here, in
which the assailants identified
themselves as "K.K.K."
Whether or not the latter act is
directly attributable to the Ku Klux
Klan is irrelevant; the Klan's legalized presence in B.C. has and will
continue to encourage those warped
individuals with racist sentiments to
commit such acts with increasing
It is regrettable, given the above
evidence, that the B.C. Civil Liberties Association, a group with a
record of positive achievements to
its credit, has chosen to defend the
Klan's alleged "right to speak." An
organization which is based on the
abhorrent belief of racial
supremacy/inferiority has no claim
to legality in any society, particularly one such as ours, which claims to
eschew such sentiments.
Fortunately, a number of
organizations have joined the grow-
A four session workshop will help you:
Clarify your values
Identify your interests
Assess your work skills
Consider a career direction
DATES: Thursdays (Jan. 22 - Feb. 12,
TIME:      12:30 - 2:20 p.m.
PLACE: Brock 362
Enquiries: 228-2415
ing opposition to the Klan. The National Black Coalition, the
Southern African Action Coalition,
the B.C. Students Federation and
others have sent telegrams urging
attorney-general Allan Williams to
allow charges pressed by the Black
Coalition against the Klan to proceed.
Any supporting organization or
individual should similarly let the
attorney-general know of their opposition to the Klan, because it appears only mass pressure will force
Williams to act on this case.
Those who believe we must wait
until the Klan does something of so
criminal a nature (presumably a lynching, or something else worse than
the dissemination of racist
literature) that it can no longer be
ignored, are misled. In the words of
the lawyer who assisted in pressing
charges, alderman Harry Rankin,
"I don't have to take cyanide to
know it's poison."
Dan Keeton
Communist Party of Canada
Head not correct line
The Trotskyist League Club wishes to point out to readers of The
Ubyssey that the headline affixed to our letter of 6 January 1981
("TLCers vs. Staun-Naas-KJCK-CPC(ML) axis") was created by The
Ubyssey, not the TL Club.
Tilts headline, which falsely equates CPC(ML) with the fascists, is
precisely counterposed to the content of our tetter. Our headline was
"Trotskyists Defend Soroka!"
M. McPbersoB
trotskyist league elub
2Mt£ <&}jz&iim (£\\tmt 3mt
A Srtauttional faujlfai? SUstaurant
4686 Dunbar at 30th 224-2521
^yWr'H Plus complete Menu Selection
£   €'■■■     \ °* Sa/arf, Sandwich and
House Specialties
Open: 11:30 - Midnight
Monday thru Saturday
Make "The Cheese'' Your Local
| Nominations are open for the following |
j A.M.S. Executive positions: |
| 1. A.M.S. President |
| 2. A.M.S. Vice-President |
| 3. A.M.S. Director of Finance |
| 4. A.M.S. Director of Administration |
1 5. A.M.S. Co-ordinator of External Affairs |
| Students wishing nomination forms or more infor- |
| rnation are asked to contact the A.M.S. Secretary |
| in SUB Room 248 or at 228-3092. |
1 Marlea Haugen 1
| Vice-President, A.M.S. §
Page 13 -s*.
'Tween classes
Class registration, 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., SUB
Marxist literature and discussion, 11:30 a.m. to
1:30 p.m., SUB concourse.
General  meeting,   noon.   International   House
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
Banquet tickets available at noon hour practices.
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 115.
Disco dance, free admission, full facilities, 8 p.m.
to 1 a.m., International House upper lounge.
Soccer snd floor hockey. 8:30 s.m.  gym F-
Winter Sports Centre.
Badminton,  volleyball,  basketball,   10:30 s.m.
gym B, Winter Sports Csntrs.
Workshop day, 10:30 s.m., SUB 207/209.
Auto slalom, registration opsns st 9 s.m. Racing
starts 11 s.m., rain or shine, B-lot.
Economics series: The Limits to Growth, a computer model examines the qualrty-of-IWe factors,
noon. Library Processing 306.
Film: Dependency by Design, compares underdevelopment in Peru with underdevelopment in
the Maritimes, noon, Buch. 206.
Marxist literature and discussion, 11:30 a.m. to
1:X p.m., SUB concourse.
General meeting, noon, SUB 224.
Barry S. Brook, musicologist at City University
of New York, speaks on styte and authenticity in
18th century music, noon. Music Building 113.
General meeting, noon, SUB 130.
Free film series: The Long Search, noon, SUB
General meeting and lecture on use of engine
analyzer, 7 p.m., SUB 215.
Quaker worship, noon, SUB 213.
Lecture on reincarnstion by Dr. Hsssam, noon,
SUB 215.
Apocalypse now? Paul Stevens speaks, noon,
Chem. 250.
Hot flashes
Dance the
Pas de deux, pamphlets, Trotsky,
tutus, registration, revolution, Karl
Marx and Karen Kain, in the main,
the main, the main, the maiRRipl
Sorry, the record got stuck. These
cheap Hot Flash discs, they're
paper thin. . . Anyway, the Main
Concourse of SUB will be really
hoppin' today, when the UBC Ballet Club and the Trotskyist League
Club set up their tables.
The Ballet Club will hold registration for classes in the Main Concourse from 11:30a.m. to 1:30 p.m.
Contact L. Panych at 683-5073 for
more information.
Also   in   the   SUB   Main   Con-
UBC athletic teams resume their
Canada West league play this
weekend with games both at
home and away.
The Thunderbird hockey team
plays host to the University of
Calgary Dinosaurs for games to be
played this Friday and Saturday.
The 'Birds are currently two and six
in league play while Calgary, who is
ranked sixth nationally, has a five
and three record.
Game time both nights is 8 p.m.
at the Thunderbird Winter Sports
#    #    #
The men and women volleyball
teams host the UBC Invitational
Volleyball Tournament this Friday
and Saturday. The tournament
starts at 6 p.m. on Friday and continues all day on Saturday.
*    *    *
The men and women basketball
teams are on the road this
weekend. Both teams will be
travelling to Calgary to take on the
University of Calgary Dinosaurs and
Dinettes. The women are zero and
six in league play so far this season
and are looking for their first win on
the road trip. The Thunderbirds are
currently tied for first place with a
three and one record.
course, the Trotskyist League Club
will have Marxist literature and
discussion, also starting at 11:30
a.m. Talk to Miriam McPherson at
733-1472 for details.
Get in gear
Chuggachuggachugga . . .
vroom vrooml So ya wanna racel
The Sports Car Club is holding their
first slalom of the year on Sunday in
B-lot. Contact Jim Hargrove at
271-5056 for details.
Registration starts at 9 a.m. and
races begin at 11 a.m.
Staph count
Now that the finest rag West of
Blanca has competition (check out
the new, improved UBC Reports),
The Ubyssey staff is holding an
emergency meeting to discuss battle tactics.
The agenda includes The
Ubyssey's submission to the Kent
commission, the new national
advertising co-op, autonomy, and
many more all-important topics to
which all staffers want to contribute. Right?
So be there.
We're looking
greatest energy source
in the world:
Human Potential.
We want people with initiative, energy and the ability to
manage responsibility. People with imagination and drive.
At Bank of Montreal, good opportunities grow in proportion
to your ambition, leadership potential and personal development.
And you will be challenged by decision-making situations
every day.
If Bank of Montreal sounds like it may suit your style, come
and talk to us.
We'll be visiting your campus in the next few weeks.
Contact your Placement Officer for details of the date and
We'll be looking for you.
We are an equal opportunity employer.
The First Canadian Bank
Bank of Montreal
SUBFILMS presents:
Jan. 8-11
Thurs, Sun 7:00   Fri, Sat 7:00 & 9:30
SUB Auditorium $1.00 W/AMS card
do you experience
— Do   you   panic   before,    and   during   tests,    even   when
you're well-prepared?
— Do   you   experience    severe    headaches,    nausea,    or
insomnia before exams?
Ask about the
Six 2-Hour Sessions will help you to:
—relax yourself in times of stress
—identify factors contributing to your test anxiety
— keep     anxious    thoughts    from     interfering     with
TIME: Thursdays, 12:30 p.m.-2:20 p.m.
DATES: January 22 - March 5
PLACE: Women Studens' Lounge, Room 223, Brock Hall
REGISTER: By Friday, January 16, Room 203, Brock
Hall. ,M/M„tI
Enquiries: 228-2415
RATES: Campus — 3 lines, 1 day 91.50; additional tines, 36c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $3.30; additional lines
50c. Additional days $3.00 and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:00 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
5 — Coming Events
20 — Housing
FREESEE: The Long Search Series starting
Jan. 13, every Tues. 12:30 p.m. Sub Aud.
Free Film Series.
MARDI GRAS '81 January 24, Sat. Games
Nite. Tickets available at AMS ticket koffice
AVAILABLE  ROOM  in  co-op house $100
per month 324-9551
25 — Instruction
Improve Your Study
Habits Through
Professionally Guided Ph.D
FEE: $35 for any 3 or 4
Mondays 6:15-7:30 p.m.
starting Jan 12, 19 or 26
Blue Room, Arts 1 Bldg.
U.B.C. Campus
Here's your chance to learn how to
play a band instrument(s) sponsored
by Burnaby Concert Band, Burnaby
School Board. Come Monday. Jan.
12.1981 at 6:00 p.m. Burnaby Central
High, 4939 Canada Way or Phone
Dallas Hinton 266-8123 or Harry
Demchuk 526-5079.
30 - Jobs
GIRL FRIDAY? Willing to do some luxurious local travelling? Type business
letters? Experience unnecessary. Send
details to Box 30. THE UBYSSEY. Room
241 S.U.B.
35 — Lost
UBC Ballet Club Spring Term
Jan. 12 - Mar. 29
• Ballet in 4 levels
(including beginners)
• Men's Ballet
• Jazz
• Modern
• Improvisation workshop
• exercise classes
$25 for the 11 week term (plus $5
registration for new members)
Thurs. & Fri. Jan. 8,9
11:30-1:30 at the
Ballet Club table in the
SUB Concourse (main floor)
December in Angus? Sentimental value.
Arle 228-8541.
40 — Messages
DINA I am looking for you. Please phone
321-4586 after 6 pm George Chan.
60 — Rides
NEED RIDE from Boundary/49th Ave.
Must arrive U.B.C. before 8 a.m. Will pay.
Phone 438-6017 Evenings.
86 — Typing
German, by Executive Secretary. Probably the
fastest, cleanest, most professional-looking
work availablel Call 926-7258 for info.
TYPING SERVICES for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
I.B.M. selectric. Call 736-4042.
TYPING IBM SELECTRIC $1.00 per page.
Fast, accurate, experienced typist. Phone:
873-8032 (10:00 am-10:00 pm)
EXPERT TYPING; essays, term papers,
factums, $.85 per page. These,
manuscripts, letters, resumes $.85+ per
page. Fast, accurate. 731-9857.
90 - Wanted
PART TIME positions open at new restaurant
located at 1282 Robson. We need
waiter/ess, bus help, hostesses, and cooks.
Apply in person Sat. Jan. 10, Mon. Jan. 12
10-4 p.m.
Page 14
Friday, January 9,1961 {vista
Another term, yet another droning Vista column. Not that previous
columnists haven't had good intentions at the fore, for they have indeed. The problem exists in that no
one has ever rationalized the mere
existence of this space and its pace.
Those who know what they want
in life do quite well without Vista,
having already fallen in with a
crowd of like-minded sheepthinkers
and requiring no further commands
. . . er . . . direction. They know
where to go to find what they want.
Then there are those people, free
in spirit if not usually mind, who
glance at this column for even more
listings of events, which they can
mull casually in their minds for
weeks at a time and then, with all
the self-confidence of a professor
who has spent the better part of a
lifetime before committing themselves to a thesis, attend.
Yes, Vista exists so that staffers
can plug sleazo-promo types with
tiny gold spoons on a chain which
dangle down and mix with their
chest hairs exposed by silk shirts unbuttoned to the navel. You see, that
way we get free drinks and tickets.
Especially tickets. But drinks too.
So, the people we owe favors to
• The Archaeological Society of
B.C., which has invited UBC prof
Caroline Williams to speak on
Travels in Roman Syria at 8 p.m.
Wednesday, at the Centennial Museum, 1100 Chestnut St.
• Rumbles! (For political lefties
and other abnormal people), which
is an off-beat new publication from
our fair burg and is available at politically correct bookstores like Octopus Books. (Hey Dave and Marian, how's that for a plug? Can we
keep the mag now?)
• Theatre Acoustica, 4607 West
10th Ave., which is presenting a
Sunday evening concert series, featuring a variety of musical styles by
local musicians in an informal, intimate setting. For more bon mots in
the form of info, call 228-8590.
(Thanx for the personal note Shari.
Happy holidays to you and yours
• Stage 33, which has some
"power-packed entertainment"
with The Andy Thoma Band, who
will be playing until the 24th.
"Thoma recently returned to his
native Vancouver from the
challenge of Los Angeles and some
major rooms that included the Century Plaza Four and the Hyatt. . .
He won the Top Vocalist Award in
the Esso Talent Contest in 1979,
and in 1980, he was (get breathless
here) a finalist in the DuMaurier
Talent Show and made a well received appearance on the Variety
Club Telethon." There's a cover
charge so call the Holiday Inn Har-
bourside for info.
• Simon Fraser's Centre for the
Arts, which is opening its tenth season with Musical Manuscripts, an
exhibition of illustrated manuscripts by 20th century composers.
See notations by a variety of composers, including the Beatles, Leonard Bernstein, Yoko Ono, Igor
Stravinsky, et al. The show closes
on the 30th. There's no admission
charge. For times call Catherine,
the gallery assistant, at 291-4266.
Test Preparation Specialists
Since 1938
For information, Please Call:
w   (206)523-7617   _
JANIJ^Y 7 - 24
RES: 685-6217
1) Set priorities & organize your work
2) Stop procrastinating & meet commitments
3) Juggle multiple roles successfully
DATES: Series I (Tuesdays)
January 20 - February 3
Series II (Mondays)
February 16 - March 2
TIME:     11:30 a.m. - 1:15 p.m.
PLACE: Women Student's Lounge
Enquiries: 228-2415
If you're a 3rd year Accounting Major interested in
obtaining valuable experience in the CA profession
before beginning your final year, we invite you to apply
for summer employment with us.
Starting dates can be any time from early May through
the beginning of June.
Please mail your application (a U.C.PA application form
obtainable from the campus Placement Office will do)
together with a photocopy of your most recent transcript
by January 16th to:
Chartered Accountants
Mr. Bruce Pentecost
Thorne Riddell
Board of Trade Tower
1177 West Hastings Street
Vancouver, B.C.V6E2L9
* Same day service on small repairs
— in by 10 out by 6.
* 24 hour service on most other repairs.
5706 University Blvd.
4 Months Summer Employment
Part Time Winter Employment
Adventures At Sea
Undergraduates are eligible for a program of two
Summers and Winters training leading to a commission in the rank of Sub-Lieutenant. Opportunities for advanced training are available upon
Contact: Lieutenant Commander Arthur Hastings at
Tues. and Thurs. 7-10 p.m. until January 20
$4, $9, $13, $17, $21, $.25
TICKET CENTRE - 687-4444
Performances scheduled for Sat., Jan. 24 and 31
and Thurs. Jan. 29 at 8 p.m. as well as Tuesday "SAME DAY CLUB" offers students any unsold ticket at half price on day of performance only.
JAN. 24, 27, 29, 31.
Friday, January 9,1981
Page 15 Jean-Luc
"/ have no imagination. Nobody ever imagined anything in cinema. One only records,
distributes, prints, develops, times, edits,
screens. President Carter or Ayatollah Khomeini have imagined plenty. Vigo, Hitchcock, Rossellini only looked straight at
pregnant things.
"The whore's trade (the central metaphor
in Every Man for Himself), as you may say,
brings more money to dried up scriptwriters
and producers than to pimps. I myself am
only a whore fighting against the pimps of
cinema. The body of film, as scribes say, is
mine, and the image of a hundred francs
given in exchange of temporary ownership of
a piece of ass will remain the image of a hundred   francs. "
Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard, the French New Wave
director who alienated even his most ardent
admirers with Week End (1967) and Tout Va
Bien (1971), is back with a new motion picture, a film he says is his "real beginning."
Every Man For Himself
Directed by Jean-Luc Godard
Playing at the Bay
The good news is that after a self-imposed
exile from the screen — in the early 70's he
made video tapes solely for his personal
screenings — Godard has made a film that
truly signals his long-awaited return to the
cinema. His film, Every Man for Himself, is
an unexpectedly fresh and rewarding work.
Prostitution is the central metaphor of
Every Man for Himself (from the French title
Sauve Qui Peut La Vie). According to
Godard's latest film, everyone's a whore.
Godard has even described himself as "as
whore fighting against the pimps of cinema."
The most independent character in Every
Man for Himself is an impassioned prostitute, Isabelle (Isabelle Hupert). She's also
a woman, and Godard seems to have a love-
hate relationship with women. He admires
their survival instincts — which he thinks
men lack — but at the same time, he detaches
himself from their emotions in his films. No
one emerges as hero or heroine in the traditional sense in Godard's films, and Every
Man for Himself is no exception.
The search for conventionality in Every
Man for Himself is ultimately fruitless.
Godard does not make conventional films.
He makes political and social statements.
And whether the audience likes it or not, he
takes his time relating his views, as he did
with Week End. But Every Man for Himself
is no Week End. In fact, Every Man for
Himself is not reminiscent of any of
Godard's earlier works.
Each of Godard's films is individual; it
stands or fails on its own merits. Fortunately
for us, Every Man for Himself stands on its
own, and holds up admirably. Godard uses
the film medium more innovatively than
most directors today.
For Godard, film is a tool. It's what
humanity has become — mechanistic. One
prepares a script, shoots scenes, improvises,
finished the film, edits it, prints it and screens
it. Godard films make no claim to having any
intrinsic ties with reality. Godard never lets
you forget that you're not watching reality
unfold on the screen; what you get is what
the filmmaker wants you to see. The film is
not objective, but always subjective. It selects
and isolates what you're going to see. If you
choose to interpret film as a platform for true
representation of reality, that's your concern, not Godard's.
That is not to say that Godard conveys
nothing about life. He is one of the few directors who understands male-female relationships — and romanticism is not a part of
those relationships. Love and affection
become blurred with hate and violence. In a
quick moment, what appears to be a violent
act may be an affectionate one, and vice-
In a memorable shot in Every Man for
Himself, the central character Paul Godard
(Jacques Dutronc) leaps across the breakfast
table to embrace his ex-girlfriend Denise
(Nathalie Baye). If this were shot at normal
speed, it would appear a violent act. But it
isn't. Godard frames the shot in fast motion,
which is then projected at normal speed
thereby giving the effect of slow motion,
Godard's most impressive device in the film.
Seen in slow motion, Paul's gestures is an act
of love inseparable from violence; Godard
seems to be saying that to love, you have to
Godard uses still and slow motion
photography throughout Every Man for
Himself, and the result is far from annoying.
If anything, Godard's deft technique is
highly impressive, and especially so since he
manages to pull it off every time he uses slow
motion. The slow motion shots, which are
unique happen unexpectedly but are always
welcome since they contribute to the overall
richness and excellence of the film.
By slowing down the action, Godard lets
one focus and concentrate on each movement, which gives new vision and perspective
on everyday events. Life is slowed down to be
viewed with inspection and investigation.
Every mannerism and inflection on a
character's face is registered. Each character
is a living organism being examined under a
microscope. Time becomes superfluous and
elusive moments become graceful, poetic
Every Man for Himself has three central
characters: Paul, the filmmaker, Denise,
Paul's ex-lover and co-worker who likes taking excursions into the country, and Isabelle,
the prostitute. Paul and Denise's relationship
is back after
self-imposed exile,
with a true beginning
GODARD . . . "only a whore fighting against the pimps of cinema."
"I have no imagination.
is almost without any loving intimacy. We see
Paul and Denise mostly in shouting matches
and in conflict, just as we see Paul arguing
with other women in life, among them his ex-
wife and twelve-year-old daughter.
In a scene which defines Paul's relationship with his daughter, we see him at a soccer
field where Celine, his daughter, has just
finished a game. There, he and a friend
wonder what their young daughters' breasts
are like and what it would be like to fuck
one's own daughter. Later in the film, Paul
asks why mothers are allowed to touch
daughters more frequently and intimately
than fathers are. Call him perverted if you
want, but according to Godard, Paul's
thoughts are common to all men.
In Every Man for Himself, it is the men
who are weak and obsessed with sex.
Women, on the other hand, are instinctive
survivors who play men's games, literally and
figuratively, but retain a distinctive identity
of their own.
Although Denise has an affair with Paul,
she finds affinity and friendship with women,
such as Isabelle, for example. The lives of all
three characters, Paul, Denise and Isabelle,
are loosely interwoven. Paul has a one-night
stand with Isabelle, and ironically, they meet
in a queue for a movie.
"Do you like movies?" she asks him.
"Not really," he responds and the two walk
away. As they leave down the street to spend
the night together, director Godard ignores
his characters and focuses on an unknown
couple. "You can finger-fuck me," says the
woman. "No thanks," replies the man, but
they finally walk away together. Straying off
the action at hand and examining a completely different situation is a favorite Godardian
The connection between Denise and
Isabelle is made through the latter's search
for a new appartment when a pimp starts to
stalk her. Denise, who has just broken up
with Paul, rents her apartment to Isabelle
and the two become good friends. Paul
doesn't even remember Isabelle when she
comes to the apartment to rent it. He is left
out in the cold where, Godard suggests, he
has always been.
Every Man for Himself has four parts: the
Imaginary, Fear, Commerce and Music. The
Imaginary is intricate, mechanic and never-
ending. Fear is the hopeless anxieties and
secret, immoral (amoral?) desires that one
feels. Commerce is the theme of the picture.
Prostitution, selling and buying one's mind
and body, like everything else in life, is a
trade and nothing is independent from
another. Except, as Isabelle's nasty pimp
observes, banks. "Only banks are independent," he says, "but they're killers. We
(pimps) don't want all the money, just half of
it," implying that banks demand the whole
The commerciality of life is an unfeeling,
degenerate proposition, and we're all part of
it. Sex has become mechania, as illustrated in
an hilarious menage-a-quatre in which
Isabelle is hired to participate passively. If
sex like life is to have any meaning, it must be
spontaneous. And finally, there is Music,
which is death, a melody for Godard.
For years, Godard's fans have been
waiting for the master's return to the screen
and they won't be disappointed with what he
has come up. The film's lack of a narrative is
a Godardian trademark. The three unities of
time, place and action do not exist in
Godard's films, and undoubtedly, some
viewers will be put off by the director's unwillingness to supply them with straightforward answers.
The dialogue is insightful, fresh, and most
important of all, it's spontaneous; also, the
numerous overlapping soundtracks work
surprisingly well. The scenes connect with
unexpected ease and there is even an impressionistic quality to Godard's still and slow
motion photography. Godard makes use of
expressive montage to provide maximum
contrast between shots and scenes.
Every Man for Himself is not without
irony and some bitterness on Godard's part.
The central male character Paul Godard, is
named after the director's own father. And
when Paul is hit by a hit-and-run driver, the
incident parallels Godard's own serious accident years ago. But Every Man for Himself is
not a tiring, hopelessly self-indulgent
cinematic excercise like Woody Allen's Stardust Memories. Every Man for Himself
comes close to being 1980's finest film.
Page 16
Friday, January 9,1981


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